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606 - Surgery

606001000 - INSTRUMENTS

606020000 - Cyrogenic application

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DocumentTitleDate
20110184399PARTIALLY COMPLIANT BALLOON DEVICE - A medical device is provided, having an elongate body defining a distal portion and a proximal portion; a first expandable member disposed on the distal portion of the elongate body and defining a cooling chamber therein, the first expandable member having a first rigidity; a second expandable member disposed around the first expandable member to define an interstitial region therebetween, where the second expandable member has a second rigidity less than the first rigidity; a gel disposed within the interstitial region; a coolant flow path in fluid communication with the cooling chamber; and a cryogenic coolant source in fluid communication with the coolant flow path.07-28-2011
20130030424Catheter Having Temperature Controlled Anchor and Related Methods - A catheter includes a catheter body having a temperature-controlled anchor element thereon that is configured to attach the catheter body to tissue by forming a congealed adherence layer between the anchor element and the tissue. An ablation element is connected to the catheter body and is configured to ablate tissue when the anchor element is attached to the tissue.01-31-2013
20110208174CRYOCLAMP AND METHOD OF USE - A cryogenic medical device is disclosed for use in minimally invasive surgical procedures. Various configurations of cryoprobes are designed in combination with a clamp to form a cryoclamp for the treatment of damaged, diseased, cancerous or other unwanted tissues. The device is an integrated cryoablation probe with a hinged clamp that allows for single entry into the chest cavity through a thorascopic port, by surgical or other means. The integrated cryoablation probe allows for the clamping of tissue as well as freezing with a single device. The clamp acts as an outer sheath so that when closed, directional freezing of the cryoprobe is achieved on the opposing probe surface away from the clamp or on an internal surface that is between the clamp. The cryoclamp may be a removable attachment or integrated into the unitary device.08-25-2011
20090192505Method for cryospray ablation - The present invention relates to methods for treating tissue in the thoracic cavity of a subject by the application of a cryogen, or using the cryogen to create an isotherm in proximity to the tissue to be treated. A wide variety of conditions may be treated using the methods of the invention including asthma, neoplastic disease and a variety of conditions characterized by inflammation in lung and chest tissue.07-30-2009
20090192504CRYOSURGERY SYSTEM HAVING UNINTEGRATED DELIVERY AND VISUALIZATION APPARATUS - Systems and methods for delivering cryosurgical treatment. The cryosurgery system comprises a cryogen delivery apparatus configured to deliver a spray of cryogen to target tissue of a patient and an indirect visualization apparatus configured to provide indirect visualization of the target tissue during the cryogen delivery. The indirect visualization apparatus and the cryogen delivery apparatus are constructed and arranged to be operationally unintegrated and physically spaced with respect to each other during the delivery of the cryogen.07-30-2009
20100076421Nucleation Enhanced Surface Modification to Support Physical Vapor Deposition to Create a Vacuum - The device of the invention takes the form of a catheter/probe and is a closed loop system in which cryogen is delivered along the length of the catheter/probe to the tip where freezing occurs, and then is recirculated. The device is a tube within a tube and comprises a number of parts including supply and return tubes (internal tubes), outer sheath (external tube) sealed to the inner tubes at one or both ends with a gas filled lumen between the internal and external tubes. The lumen of the external tube is filled with a saturated gas which solidifies upon cooling, thereby creating a vacuum along the length of the catheter and providing for insulation between the inner and outer tubes, and preventing freezing along the length of the probe shaft. Further, the outside surface of the internal tubes is modified to potentiate gas nucleation on the outer surfaces of the internal tubes when cooled. At the tip of the probe shaft, the internal tubes come into contact with the outer tube to create a defined region of ultra cold temperatures to cool and freeze the target tissue region. The catheter is designed to carry liquid cryogen under various pressures as well as liquid cryogens of varying temperatures. As such, a temperature initiated transient vacuum insulation along the length of a catheter has been described for the delivery of cryogen for targeted thermal therapy. Furthermore, the device has been developed to couple the temperature initiated vacuum with that of a surface modification along the inner tubes to enable enhanced nucleation and deposition of the saturated gas on the surface of the inner tubes and create an additional layer of insulation.03-25-2010
20100076420Evacuation chamber - During cryotherapy, using an endoscope that extends within a patient to a cold treatment site, the device of the invention vacuums gas from the site through radial intake ports to a cylindrical space in an evacuation chamber held elastically circumferentially about the distal end of the endoscope tube that carries the cryoprobe to the site.03-25-2010
20130079761CRYO-MEDICAL INJECTION DEVICE AND METHOD OF USE - The resorbable cryoprobe device and process is a novel approach for treating localized disease allowing for the precise combined application of freezing temperatures and cytotoxic or cryosensitizing agents within a self-contained matrix/package for optimized tissue destruction. The cryopellet is comprised of a list of components including a source of cryogen to produce the sub-zero temperatures, a porous matrix to contain the cytotoxic agent, cytotoxic agent, and a delivery packet. Data presented herein demonstrates the efficacy of this approach in destroying cancerous tissue. For example, the application of freezing temperatures to −10° C. results in approximately 15% cell death, while exposure to cytotoxic agents such as TRAIL produces minimal cell death. The utilization of the cryopellet approach results in a synergistic effect yielding complete cell death at the same temperature. The innovation behind the resorbable probe application includes the strategic combination of agents to activate intrinsic or extrinsic cell death responses (including apoptosis and necrosis), unique packaging of the cryogen and cytotoxic agent, and a unique delivery system. The resorbable cryoprobe technology will assist directly in the treatment of cancer, as well as will likely lead to broader application for disease treatment.03-28-2013
20100100087Providing Cryotherapy With a Balloon Catheter Having a Non-Uniform Thermal Profile - A cryotherapy catheter can include an elongate member and an inflatable balloon portion at a distal end of the elongate member. The inflatable balloon portion can have an external surface and an interior chamber, and the external surface can include a cooling region and a thermally insulated region. The interior chamber can be configured to receive during a cryotherapy procedure a cryogenic agent for extracting heat from body tissue that is in contact with the cooling region. A thermal profiling component can be disposed in the interior chamber and configured to thermally insulate the thermally insulated region from the cryogenic agent to minimize heat extraction by the cryogenic agent from body tissue that is in contact with the thermally insulated region.04-22-2010
20100042086Efficient Controlled Cryogenic Fluid Delivery Into a Balloon Catheter and Other Treatment Devices - Devices, systems, and methods efficiently dilate and/or cool blood vessels and other body tissues. Controlled cooling with balloon catheters and other probes may be effected by a change in phase of a cryogenic fluid, often after measuring a minimum pulse width for actuating an individual solenoid valve along the cooling fluid path, with the measured pulse width allowing gradual inflation of a balloon without excessive venting of cooling fluid.02-18-2010
20100106148Cryosurgical Fluid Supply - Improved systems, devices, and methods for delivering cryogenic cooling fluid to cryosurgical probes such as cryosurgical endovascular balloon catheters take advantage of the transients during the initiation and termination of cryogenic fluid flow to moderate the treatment temperatures of tissues engaged by the probe. A flow limiting element along a cryogenic fluid path intermittently interrupts the flow of cooling fluid, often cycling both the fluid flow and treatment temperature. This can maintain the tissue treatment temperature within a predetermined range which is above the treatment temperature provided by a steady flow of cryogenic fluid. In another aspect, room temperature single-use cooling fluid cartridges are filled with a sufficient quantity of cryosurgical fluid to effect a desired endovascular cryosurgical treatment.04-29-2010
20090125008Cryosurgical Instrument and Its Accessory System - The invention proposes a cryosurgical instrument and its accessory system operating on the base of a refrigerant evaporation. The invention comprises combination of some technical solutions. Flow in a central lumen of the cryosurgical instrument has oscillating character; the refrigerant is provided on the internal surface of the distal cryotip in the form of separated portions. 2. The internal surface of the distal cryotip of the cryosurgical instrument is covered by a porous coating, which soaks completely one portion of the refrigerant. 3. Vapors obtained as a result of the refrigerant boiling on the porous coating of the cryotip are removed through the central lumen into the atmosphere. Combination of these technical solutions allows to construct a safely cryosurgical instrument with high freezing power and small outer diameter. The proposed cryosurgical instrument may be designed as a flexible cryocatheter or as a rigid cryoprobe.05-14-2009
20120165803ELECTRICAL MAPPING AND CRYO ABLATING WITH A BALLOON CATHETER - In some implementations, a method of ablating body tissue includes (a) locating an inflatable balloon portion of a cryotherapy balloon catheter at a treatment site internal to a patient's body, and inflating the inflatable balloon portion; (b) employing electrodes that are disposed on an expandable surface of the inflatable balloon portion to electrically characterize body tissue at the treatment site; (c) ablating the body tissue by supplying a cryotherapy agent to the inflatable balloon portion to cool the body tissue to a therapeutic temperature; (d) employing the electrodes to determine whether the ablating caused desired electrical changes in the body tissue; and (e) repeating (c) and (d) when it is determined that the ablating did not cause the desired electrical changes.06-28-2012
20130090638Flexible Cryoneedle Apparatus and Method - A flexible cryoneedle usable within a medical scope that is both substantially flexible for maneuvering and positioning a distal end thereof proximate to a soft tissue and substantially rigid for penetrating the tissue. A generally concentric cryogas supply tube within the flexible cryoneedle comprises a helical heat exchange surface on an outside surface thereof, wherein the helical heat exchange surface defines a helical exhaust passage for the cryogas entering the cryogas supply tube and expanding through a Joule-Thomson orifice into an expansion chamber at the distal end of the flexible cryoneedle.04-11-2013
20090306639Cryoprobe incorporating electronic module, and system utilizing same - A cryotherapy system comprises a cryoprobe comprising, for example, either an electronic module including a memory or a response module operable to respond to a query signal with a response signal. A communications interface uses these modules to establish a unique identification of the cryoprobe, and a control module regulates delivery of cryogen to the cryoprobe according to calculations at least partially based on stored data associated with that unique cryoprobe identification.12-10-2009
20090306638Multiple sensor device for measuring tissue temperature during thermal treatment - The present invention relates to devices and methods for measuring tissue temperature during thermal treatment of a body. More particularly, the present invention relates to a thermal probe comprising a plurality of thermal sensors operable to measure tissue temperatures during thermal treatments such as cryosurgery. Embodiments of the invention enable simultaneous measurements, using a single probe, of temperatures at a plurality of positions within body tissues. A preferred embodiment enables movement of sensors with respect to tissues while the probe is immobilized by being embedded in frozen tissue.12-10-2009
20110015623CRYOTHERAPY DEVICE AND PROBE FOR CRYOTHERAPY - In a cryotherapy apparatus 01-20-2011
20130060242ISOTHERM-BASED TISSUE ABLATION CONTROL METHOD - A system and method for use with at least one cryoprobe for the treatment of biological tissue controls the energy applied to the tissue. The invention receives live procedure data such as temperature information from locations along the pathway of the cryogenic liquids, and calculates a procedure signature or profile based on the procedure data. In one embodiment, volumetric isotherms are calculated. The procedure signature is compared to a planning signature based on previously acquired image data and estimates of the thermal gradients from models. The system and method are further configured to automatically regulate the application of power based on analysis of the planning data to the procedure data.03-07-2013
20120226269Surgical System and Procedure for Treatment of Medically Refractory Atrial Fibrillation - The invention provides surgical systems and methods for ablating heart tissue within the interior and/or exterior of the heart. A plurality of probes is provided with each probe configured for introduction into the chest for engaging the heart. Each probe includes an elongated shaft having an elongated ablating surface of a predetermined shape. The elongated shaft and the elongated ablating surface of each probe are configured to ablate a portion of the heart. A sealing device affixed to the heart tissue forms a hemostatic seal between the probe and the penetration in the heart to inhibit blood loss therethrough.09-06-2012
20120197244TREATMENT FOR ANEURYSM - The invention relates to methods for treating, inhibiting, reducing the size of or preventing enlargement of, aneurysms in a subject by delivering thermal or cryo energy to the vasculature of the subject at or near the site of an existing or potential aneurysm.08-02-2012
20090012513Ablation in the Gastrointestinal Tract to Achieve Hemostasis and Eradicate Lesions With a Propensity for Bleeding - Devices and methods are provided for the ablation of regions of the digestive tract to achieve hemostasis and to eradicate chronically bleeding lesions as occur with gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE), portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG), radiation proctopathy and colopathy, arteriovenous malformations, and angiodysplasia. Ablation is typically provided in a wide-field manner, and in conjunction with sufficient pressure to achieve coaptive coagulation. Ablation, as provided the invention, starts at the mucosa and penetrates deeper into the gastrointestinal wall in a controlled manner. Ablation control may be exerted by way of electrode design and size, energy density, power density, number of applications, pattern of applications, and pressure. Control may also be provided by a fractional ablation that ablates some tissue within a target region and leaves a portion substantially unaffected. Embodiments of the device include an ablational electrode array that spans 360 degrees and an array that spans an arc of less than 360 degrees.01-08-2009
20090012512Method and Apparatus for Gastrointestinal Tract Ablation to Achieve Loss of Persistent and/or Recurrent Excess Body Weight Following a Weight-Loss Operation - Devices and methods are provided for ablational treatment of regions of the digestive tract in post-bariatric surgery patients who fail to achieve or maintain the desired weight loss. Bariatric procedures include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, biliopancreatic diversion, and sleeve gastrectomy. These procedures reconstruct gastrointestinal tract features, creating pouches, stoma, and tubes that restrict and/or divert the digestive flow. Post-surgical dilation of altered structures is common and diminishes their bariatric effectiveness. Ablation of compromised structures can reduce their size and compliance, restoring bariatric effectiveness. Ablation, as provided the invention, starts at the mucosa and penetrates deeper into the gastrointestinal wall in a controlled manner. Control may also be provided by a fractional ablation that ablates some tissue within a target region and leaves a portion substantially unaffected. Embodiments of the device include an ablational electrode array that spans 360 degrees and an array that spans an arc of less than 360 degrees.01-08-2009
20110028960SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REGULATING PRESSURE LEVELS IN AN INTER-EXPANSION-ELEMENT SPACE OF A CRYOABLATION SYSTEM - A cryoablation catheter assembly includes a catheter having a coolant outtake region and receives a guide tube and a coolant transfer tube. The coolant transfer tube receives and transfers coolant from a coolant source to an expansion element coupled to a distal portion of the catheter. The expansion element includes an outer layer disposed over an inner layer such that the expansion element defines an inter-expansion-element space between the inner layer and the outer layer and an intra-expansion-element space within the inner layer. The intra-expansion-element space is in fluid communication with the coolant outtake region and the coolant transfer tube. The inter-expansion-element space is in fluid communication with a fluid pathway that transfers fluids to a fluid-drawing source. A pressure regulation system is disposed along the fluid pathway and passively regulates the pressure in the inter-expansion-element space using at least one check valve.02-03-2011
20120271291FLUID CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A MEDICAL DEVICE - The present invention provides a medical device having an elongate body with both a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the elongate body defines an intake lumen and an exhaust lumen. The medical device also has a first pliable element defining a cooling chamber disposed at a point along the elongate body, with the cooling chamber being in fluid communication with the intake lumen and the exhaust lumen. A second pliable element is provided which at least partially encloses the first pliable element, thereby defining a junction between the first and second pliable element. A check valve is included which is in fluid communication with the junction between the first pliable element and second pliable element, the valve further being in fluid communication with the exhaust lumen. Additionally, the medical device may include sensors or other monitoring means in fluid communication with the junction and the cooling chamber.10-25-2012
20120065631CATHETER WITH CRYOGENIC AND ELECTRICAL HEATING ABLATION - A catheter includes a cryoablation tip with an electrically-driven ablation assembly for heating tissue. The cryoablation tip may be implemented with a cooling chamber through which a controllably injected coolant circulates to lower the tip temperature, and having an RF electrode at its distal end. The RF electrode may be operated to warm cryogenically-cooled tissue, or the coolant may be controlled to conductively cool the tissue in coordination with an RF treatment regimen.03-15-2012
20120065629SUBDERMAL CRYOGENIC REMODELING OF MUSCLES, NERVES, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, AND/OR ADIPOSE TISSUE (FAT) - Devices, systems, and methods treat cosmetic defects, and often apply cooling with at least one tissue-penetrating probe inserted through of the skin of a patient. The cooling may remodel one or more target tissue so as to effect a desired change in a composition of the target tissue and/or a change in its behavior. Exemplary embodiments of the cooling treatments will interfere with the nerve/muscle contractile function chain so as to mitigate wrinkles of the skin. Related treatments may be used therapeutically for treatment of back and other muscle spasms, chronic pain, and the like. Some embodiments may remodel subcutaneous adipose tissue so as to alter a shape or appearance of the skin surface.03-15-2012
20100249765TRACHEOBRONCHIAL PULMONARY CRYOGENIC THERAPEUTIC METHOD AND APPARATUS - Disclosed are methods for the cryoablation treatment of a patients tracheobronchial pulmonary system, such as in the treatment of tracheobronchial lesions and lung cancer. The pulmonary system treatment method employs a specially dimensioned dorsal end catheter system that includes a proximal end suitable to provide for the delivery of a cryogenic material to a desired pulmonary area of interest in a patient. The apparatus includes as a part thereof an endoscope dimensioned so as to be suitable for insertion through a patient's trachea. Provided are tracheobronchial cryoablation methods for treatment of benign airway disease, early lung cancer, sarcoidosis, Wegner's granulomatosis, rhinoscleroma, recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), benign tracheal stenosis, pulmonary dysplasia, neoplasia, vascular lesions, inflammatory lesions and pulmonary and/or tracheal degenerative lesions.09-30-2010
20110112521Cryoprobe for Low Pressure Systems - A cryoprobe for use in cryosurgery and other applications comprising a rigid outer tube, an inner coolant inlet tube. a short rigid penetrating segment extending distally from the distal end of the outer tube and a helical-shaped baffle having a heating element disposed about the outer surface of the inlet tube. The baffle is adapted to produce turbulent fluid flow improving heat transfer and is able to warm target tissue during rapid freezing and thawing cycles.05-12-2011
20120109118CRYOGENIC-RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION SYSTEM - A medical treatment system, including a catheter body defining a fluid flow path therethrough; an expandable element disposed on the catheter body, the expandable element defining a cooling chamber therein in fluid communication with the fluid flow path; a plurality of electrodes disposed on the expandable element; a cryogenic fluid source in fluid communication with the fluid flow path; and a radiofrequency energy source in electrical communication with the plurality of electrodes. A method of treating a cardiac tissue site proximate an orifice, including substantially occluding the orifice with an expandable element; powering a plurality of electrodes coupled to the expandable element to reach a predetermined target temperature; circulating a coolant through the expandable element to freeze portions of the cardiac tissue site located between the plurality of electrodes; and ablating the non-frozen portions of the tissue site with the plurality of electrodes.05-03-2012
20120109117CRYOGENIC PROBE WITH SWIVEL - A cryogenic wand for ablating tissue comprising a cryogenic ablation tube closed at a distal end and including an ablation zone, the ablation tube in fluid communication with and coupled proximally to at least one of two segments that are rotatably repositionable with respect to one another, wherein the two segments are fluidically sealed so that fluid entering a first of the at least two segments passes therethrough and enters a second of the at least two segments.05-03-2012
20090299355Electrical mapping and cryo ablating with a balloon catheter - In some implementations, a method of ablating body tissue includes (a) locating an inflatable balloon portion of a cryotherapy balloon catheter at a treatment site internal to a patient's body, and inflating the inflatable balloon portion; (b) employing electrodes that are disposed on an expandable surface of the inflatable balloon portion to electrically characterize body tissue at the treatment site; (c) ablating the body tissue by supplying a cryotherapy agent to the inflatable balloon portion to cool the body tissue to a therapeutic temperature; (d) employing the electrodes to determine whether the ablating caused desired electrical changes in the body tissue; and (e) repeating (c) and (d) when it is determined that the ablating did not cause the desired electrical changes.12-03-2009
20090287202APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CRYOGENICALLY ABLATING TISSUE AND ADJUSTING CRYOGENIC ABLATION REGIONS - Apparatus and methods for performing cryogenic ablation of tissue and adjusting the size and/or location of a cryogenic cooling region. A cooling assembly may include tubes for dispensing and exhausting a coolant or refrigerant. One or both of the tubes may be moved, e.g., slidably adjusted, in order to adjust the location or size of a cryogenic ablation region. The cooling assembly may be integrated into cryogenic ablation devices including a cryogenic balloon device that includes an inner inflatable balloon and another balloon that is at least partially wrapped around the inner balloon and carries refrigerant for performing cryo-ablation. Electrodes permit electrical mapping of tissue before or after cryo-ablation to verify success of the procedure.11-19-2009
20090299356Regulating internal pressure of a cryotherapy balloon catheter - A method of performing a cryotherapy procedure can include introducing a cryotherapy balloon catheter at a treatment site inside a patient's body; regulating, during a first phase of a cryotherapy procedure, flow of cryogenic fluid to and exhaust from a distal balloon portion of the cryotherapy balloon catheter to cause an initial pressure to be maintained inside the distal balloon portion that is sufficiently high to cause an outer wall of the distal balloon portion to be pressed against body tissue at the treatment site; and regulating, during a second phase of the cryotherapy procedure, flow of cryogenic fluid to and exhaust from the distal balloon portion to cause a) a temperature inside the distal balloon portion to reach a value sufficient to deliver therapeutic levels of cryotherapy to the body tissue, and b) a second-phase pressure to be maintained that is within a threshold value of the initial pressure.12-03-2009
20120035601CRYOGENIC MEDICAL MAPPING AND TREATMENT DEVICE - A medical device and method are provided for mapping and therapeutic treatment, which may include a source of cryogenic fluid, a balloon or other expandable member in fluid communication with the source of cryogenic fluid, and a plurality of electrodes on the expandable member. The medical device may include a catheter or elongate body, and the electrodes may take the form of longitudinal strips. The expandable member may take the form of an inner and outer balloon, and the electrodes may be on the outer balloon. The electrodes may be on a proximal or distal conical portion of the expandable member, or both. An electrical insulator may be provided covering a portion of the electrodes.02-09-2012
20100100088CRYOSURGICAL PROBE WITH ADJUSTABLE SLIDING APPARATUS - A cryosurgical probe assembly that includes a gas delivery assembly, including a stem and a fluid conduit subassembly bonded to the stem. The fluid conduit subassembly delivers and returns cooling fluid used for cryogenic cooling. The fluid conduit subassembly, comprises a shaft for providing a heat exchange surface for cryogenic ablation; a housing securely connected to said shaft; and, an insulation element slideably engaged with an inner surface of the shaft and slideably engaged with the stem. The cryosurgical probe assembly includes an adjustable sliding apparatus that includes a slider assembly securely attached to said insulation tube for slideably guiding the insulation tube along said shaft; and, a button assembly operatively connected to the slider assembly for allowing a user to actuate the slider assembly to provide a desired adjustment of the insulation tube relative to the shaft. A handle assembly is positioned about the housing.04-22-2010
20100100089Actuation system and actuation method - An actuation system is disclosed for actuating an ablation instrument for an ablation process in a tissue volume. In at least one embodiment, the actuation system includes: an input interface for image data of the tissue volume; an identification unit for identifying a target tissue using the image data; a model production unit for producing process models and/or refined fine process models of expected ablation developments, which is linked to a value derivation unit for deriving model measured values from a process model and/or to a value determination unit for determining measured values representing the ablation progress; a command derivation unit for deriving control commands on the basis of process models and/or for deriving refined control commands on the basis of fine process models; a comparator for comparing measured values and an instrument interface for transmitting control commands and/or refined control commands to the ablation instrument. In at least one embodiment, the invention also relates to an actuation method.04-22-2010
20120109116CRYO-ABLATION DEVICE WITH DEPLOYABLE INJECTION TUBE - A medical system is provided, including a catheter body having a proximal portion and a distal portion; a shaft slidably disposed within a portion of the catheter body, the shaft defining a distal tip; a fluid injection tube coupled to the distal portion of the catheter body and the distal tip of the shaft, the fluid injection tube being transitionable from a first geometric configuration to a second geometric configuration; a membrane coupled to the shaft and enclosing at least a portion of the fluid injection tube therein; and a coolant source in fluid communication with the fluid injection tube. The first geometric configuration may be substantially linear, the second geometric configuration may be substantially helical, and the membrane may be tensioned across at least a portion of the fluid injection tube in the second geometric configuration.05-03-2012
20100274236APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR APPLYING A CRYOGENIC EFFECT TO TISSUE AND CUTTING TISSUE - The disclosure provides a surgical device adapted to administer cryogen to a target tissue. The device may be equipped with one or more blades and the device may be adapted to deliver cryogen to a tissue before, during and/or after contacting the tissue with the blade. According to some embodiments, the device may be adapted to heat and/or cool the blade(s).10-28-2010
20100125266METHODS AND DEVICES TO TREAT COMPRESSIVE NEUROPATHY AND OTHER DISEASES - Methods, systems and devices for treatment of musculoskeletal tissue may include one or more of stretching, scoring, cutting, and cryogenic cooling of the tissue. Exemplary usage includes the treatment of compressive neuropathy such as in carpal tunnel syndrome and plantar fasciitis. Other musculoskeletal tissues such as those in the hip, shoulder, and other regions of the body may also be treated.05-20-2010
20090281533APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CHILLING CRYO-ABLATION COOLANT AND RESULTING CRYO-ABLATION SYSTEM - Apparatus and methods for cooling liquid coolant, such as nitrous oxide, to be delivered to a cryo-ablation device such as a balloon catheter. A hose or conduit in fluid communication with the ablation device includes an outer member and inner tubes. A first inner tube disposed within a lumen of the outer member carries liquid coolant to the ablation device. Another inner tube also disposed within the lumen carries liquid coolant and terminates within the lumen such that gaseous coolant derived from liquid coolant flowing through the second inner tube flows within the lumen to cool or chill the first inner tube and liquid coolant carried by the first inner tube to the ablation device.11-12-2009
20090287203Apparatus and Methods for Retracting an Ablation Balloon - Apparatus and methods for retracting a balloon back into a delivery sheath following a medical procedure using the balloon. A handle on the device includes a balloon folding mechanism coupled to a proximal end of a guide wire shaft so that actuating the balloon folding mechanism causes rotation of the guide wire shaft within a catheter body. A distal end of the balloon is attached to a distal end of the guide wire shaft, which extends beyond the distal end of the catheter body, and a proximal end of the balloon is attached to the distal end of the catheter body so that actuating the folding mechanism causes the balloon to wrap around the guide wire shaft. The folding mechanism may also be configured for elongating the balloon. Rotating, or rotating and elongating, the deflated balloon results in a balloon with a smaller profile that may easily be retracted into a delivery sheath.11-19-2009
20090292280APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING TISSUES DURING CRYOABLATION - An apparatus and method for protecting the neurovascular bundle during cryoablation of tissues of the prostate by heating the vicinity of the neurovascular bundle while cooling pathological tissues of a prostate to cryoablation temperatures, thereby cryoablating pathological tissues while protecting the neurovascular bundle from damage. A cryoprobe operable to cool a distal operating tip while heating a proximal shaft is presented.11-26-2009
20090292279Device and Method for Coordinated Insertion of a Plurality of Cryoprobes - The present invention relates to devices and methods delivering a plurality of thermal ablation probes to an organic target in a body, the probes being delivered in a configuration and orientation enabling efficient and thorough ablation of a large target of complex shape. Preferred embodiments include introducers having individual probe channels shaped to direct inserted probes to diverge upon exiting the introducer, probes designed and constructed to bend in selected manner when exiting the introducer, and apparatus for stabilizing an introducer with respect to a target during insertion of treatment probes from introducer to target.11-26-2009
20080312643TISSUE ABLATION SYSTEM INCLUDING GUIDEWIRE WITH SENSING ELEMENT - A tissue ablation system for ablating tissue is presented having independent sensing and ablation capabilities. A sensing wire is positioned distally to the ablation region and passed through the ablation device allowing independent movement. The ablation device can ablate a substantial portion of a circumferential region of tissue. The tissue ablation system comprises an ablation device comprised of an elongated catheter with a proximal region and a distal region and an ablation element located proximate the distal region of the catheter. A sensing device having an elongated body with a proximal portion and a distal portion is adapted to be positioned within a vessel at or near a vessel ostium, wherein the sensing device is adapted to be slidably received within a lumen of the ablation device. The sensing device may be shaped in various configurations.12-18-2008
20080312642TISSUE ABLATION SYSTEM INCLUDING GUIDEWIRE WITH SENSING ELEMENT - A tissue ablation system for ablating tissue is presented having independent sensing and ablation capabilities. A sensing wire is positioned distally to the ablation region and passed through the ablation device allowing independent movement. The ablation device can ablate a substantial portion of a circumferential region of tissue. The tissue ablation system comprises an ablation device comprised of an elongated catheter with a proximal region and a distal region and an ablation element located proximate the distal region of the catheter. A sensing device having an elongated body with a proximal portion and a distal portion is adapted to be positioned within a vessel at or near a vessel ostium, wherein the sensing device is adapted to be slidably received within a lumen of the ablation device. The sensing device may be shaped in various configurations.12-18-2008
20090264876PROBE, SLEEVE, SYSTEM, METHOD AND KIT FOR PERFORMING PERCUTANEOUS THERMOTHERAPY - A cryosurgical probe that is operative to bring target nerve tissue to a temperature below about −140° C. so as to reduce or eliminate regeneration of the nerve tissue by growing an ice ball. The probe comprises a thermally conductive body, a thermally insulating body and a temperature sensor. The thermally conductive body has a conductive portion adapted to contact the tissue and form an ice ball thereat during use. The thermally insulating body is adjacent to the conductive portion onto which the ice ball forms during use. The temperature sensor is positioned at a predetermined position on the thermally insulating body with respect to the conductive portion. The predetermined position corresponds to a predetermined size of the ice ball grown in the tissue when the sensor reads a predetermined temperature. The insulating body provides sufficient thermal insulation between the conductive body and the surrounding tissue so that the sensor detects freezing of. The surrounding tissue is in contact with the sensor by growth of the ice ball from the conductive portion onto the insulating body. A sleeve for fitting to a probe and a kit comprising at least two sleeves or two probes, each having one sensor but positioned at different locations is also disclosed. Furthermore, a system using a controller for shutting down a cooling of the probe and methods for performing percutaneous thermotherapy by fitting a sleeve on a probe or by shutting down the cooling of the probe are also disclosed.10-22-2009
20080208182METHOD FOR TISSUE CRYOTHERAPY - A method for performing cryotherapy on a target tissue region in a body includes positioning a first cooling element in a first location in a body adjacent a target tissue region, positioning a second cooling element in a second location in the body adjacent the target tissue region, and cooling the respective first and second cooling elements so as to cool the target tissue region.08-28-2008
20110208175Methods for Treating Sleep Apnea Via Renal Denervation - Methods for therapeutic renal neuromodulation are disclosed herein. One aspect of the present application, for example, is directed to methods that block, reduce and/or inhibit renal sympathetic nerve activity to achieve a reduction in central sympathetic tone. Renal sympathetic nerve activity may be altered or modulated along the afferent and/or efferent pathway. The achieved reduction in central sympathetic tone may carry several therapeutic benefits across many disease states, including, without limitation, sleep apnea.08-25-2011
20120197245METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CYROGENIC TREATMENT OF A BODY CAVITY OR LUMEN - Methods and apparatus for the treatment of a body cavity or lumen are described where a heated fluid and/or gas may be introduced through a catheter and into treatment area within the body contained between one or more inflatable/expandable members. The catheter may also have optional pressure and temperature sensing elements which may allow for control of the pressure and temperature within the treatment zone and also prevent the pressure from exceeding a pressure of the inflatable/expandable members to thereby contain the treatment area between these inflatable/expandable members. Optionally, a chilled, room temperature, or warmed fluid such as water may then be used to rapidly terminate the treatment session.08-02-2012
20110270238Compliant Cryoballoon Apparatus for Denervating Ostia of the Renal Arteries - A cryotherapy balloon catheter includes a compliant cryotherapy balloon comprising a distal balloon section dimensioned for placement within a renal artery and a proximal balloon section dimensioned to abut against an ostium of the renal artery and extend into at least a portion of the abdominal aorta. The compliant balloon has a diameter that varies non-uniformly along a length of the compliant balloon, such that a diameter at the proximal balloon section is larger than a diameter of the distal balloon section. The cryotherapy balloon catheter may be configured to deliver cryogenic therapy to at least the ostium of the renal artery sufficient to irreversibly terminate renal sympathetic nerve activity, such as by causing neurotmesis of renal nerve fibers and ganglia at the ostium of the renal artery.11-03-2011
20100049184Regulating Pressure to Lower Temperature in a Cryotherapy Balloon Catheter - A cryotherapy catheter can include an elongate member and an inflatable balloon at a distal end of the elongate member, the elongate member having lumens formed therein to supply cryogenic fluid to a chamber of the balloon and to channel exhaust from the balloon chamber; and a controller programmed to control a first rate at which the cryogenic fluid is supplied to the balloon chamber and a second rate at which exhaust is channeled from the balloon chamber, wherein the controller is programmed to a) develop, during a first phase of a cryotherapy procedure, a first pressure inside the balloon chamber at a value that is greater than an ambient pressure outside and adjacent to a proximal end of the elongate member, and b) develop, during a second phase of the cryotherapy procedure, the first pressure at a value that is less than the ambient pressure.02-25-2010
20090005769Catheter, Apparatus for Creating a Linear Ablation and a Method of Ablating Tissue - A catheter is provided with an anchoring member for anchoring a part of a linear ablating head of the catheter to a structure. The structure can be a cryogenically anchored point catheter. This allows the surgeon to position the linear catheter more exactly in the heart chamber and overcomes the adverse effects of the slippery and irregular heart chamber walls.01-01-2009
20090326526Methods and devices for monitoring tissue ablation - A method, system, and device for detecting whether an expandable member completely occludes an anatomic passageway allows a user, such as a physician, clinician, or surgeon, to perform a medical procedure more efficiently and increases the procedure's chances of success. An incomplete occlusion can be immediately detected by monitoring the pressure difference across the expandable member. Through this method, a user can quickly diagnose the problem and reposition the expandable member in the anatomic passageway. In particular, in a cryoablation procedure, devices incorporating this method can help ensure a uniform and complete lesion in the pulmonary vein to electrically isolate the pulmonary vein from the atrium, thus preventing atrial fibrillation.12-31-2009
20130218148Pain Management Using Cryogenic Remodeling - Medical devices, systems, and methods for pain management and other applications may apply cooling with at least one probe inserted through an exposed skin surface of skin. The cooling may remodel one or more target tissues so as to effect a desired change in composition of the target tissue and/or a change in its behavior, often to interfere with transmission of pain signals along sensory nerves. Alternative embodiments may interfere with the function of motor nerves, the function of contractile muscles, and/or some other tissue included in the contractile function chain so as to inhibit muscle contraction and thereby alleviate associated pain. In some embodiments, other sources of pain such as components of the spine (optionally including herniated disks) may be treated.08-22-2013
20110144631SUBDERMAL CRYOGENIC REMODELING OF MUSCLES, NERVES, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, AND/OR ADIPOSE TISSUE (FAT) - Devices, systems, and methods treat cosmetic defects, and often apply cooling with at least one tissue-penetrating probe inserted through of the skin of a patient. The cooling may remodel one or more target tissue so as to effect a desired change in a composition of the target tissue and/or a change in its behavior. Exemplary embodiments of the cooling treatments will interfere with the nerve/muscle contractile function chain so as to mitigate wrinkles of the skin. Related treatments may be used therapeutically for treatment of back and other muscle spasms, chronic pain, and the like. Some embodiments may remodel subcutaneous adipose tissue so as to alter a shape or appearance of the skin surface.06-16-2011
20110230873Method mini refrigerator and apparatus for treating diseases - Treating diseases includes introducing into an unhealthy inclusion in an organ a needle and freezing the unhealthy inclusion, thereafter withdrawing the unhealthy inclusion deformed by freezing from the organs by the needle, and thereafter heating the area of the organ from which the unhealthy inclusion has been removed by the needle in the above specified sequence, which can be performed by individual, separate needles, or by a single needle.09-22-2011
20090209949APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTING COOLANT WITHIN A CRYO-ABLATION DEVICE - Apparatus and methods for uniformly distributing coolant within a cryo-ablation device. A nozzle apparatus includes a tubular member having a plurality of angled apertures that induce swirling of coolant streams dispersed through the angled apertures. Coolant swirling round the tubular member and along an inner surface of an inflatable balloon element inflates the balloon element and cryogenically ablate tissue. The swirling action achieved using angled apertures uniformly distributes coolant along the inner surface of the balloon such that the temperatures along an inner surface of the balloon element and ablation of tissue adjacent to the balloon element are substantially uniform.08-20-2009
20090093801Circumferential ablation guide wire system and related method of using the same - Device and method significantly that improves the safety and procedural success of the existing art by being able to be less traumatic to vascular tissue, improving atrial contact with the ablation surface, improving positioning and geometrical precision of the ablation pattern, improving steerability and deliverability of the ablation device and by improving localization and geometric precision of the ablation device. The risk of pulmonary vein fibrosis/stenosis will also be substantially lowered. Finally, expansion of the eligible atrial fibrillation population will inherently increase due to the improved components and methods of the present invention.04-09-2009
20090248001Pain management using cryogenic remodeling - Medical devices, systems, and methods for pain management and other applications may apply cooling with at least one probe inserted through an exposed skin surface of skin. The cooling may remodel one or more target tissues so as to effect a desired change in composition of the target tissue and/or a change in its behavior, often to interfere with transmission of pain signals along sensory nerves. Alternative embodiments may interfere with the function of motor nerves, the function of contractile muscles, and/or some other tissue included in the contractile function chain so as to inhibit muscle contraction and thereby alleviate associated pain. In some embodiments, other sources of pain such as components of the spine (optionally including herniated disks) may be treated.10-01-2009
20120197243MULTI FREQUENCY AND MULTI POLARITY COMPLEX IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENTS TO ASSESS ABLATION LESIONS - A method of assessing a tissue ablation treatment, including positioning a medical device adjacent a target tissue; measuring a first impedance magnitude a first frequency with the medical device; measuring a first impedance phase at a second frequency with the medical device; ablating at least a portion of the target tissue with the medical device; measuring at second impedance magnitude at a third frequency with the medical device; measuring a second impedance phase at a fourth frequency with the medical device; comparing at least one of (i) the first and second impedance magnitudes and (ii) the first and second impedance phases; and providing an indication of the efficacy of the ablation treatment based at least in part on the comparison.08-02-2012
20120035602Method and System for Cryoablating Fibroadenomas - A cryosurgical system adapted for treatment of fibroadenomas within the breast of a patient. The system includes cryoprobes and a control system which operates the cryoprobes to accomplish freezing in two stages, including a high power freeze and a low power freeze.02-09-2012
20100152722Cryoprobe with reduced adhesion to frozen tisssue - The present invention relates to devices and methods for cryosurgery. More particularly, the present invention relates to a cryoprobe which does not form strong adhesive or mechanical bonds with body tissues when such tissues are frozen by cooling action of the probe. Embodiments of the present invention include a cryoprobe having a distal cooling module with an outer surface layer of non-polar molecules, a probe having a distal cooling module with a microscopically smooth outer surface, a cryoprobe comprising a mechanism for coating a distal cooling module thereof with non-polar lubricant during movement of the cryoprobe within body tissues of a patient, and a non-cooling cryosurgery probe with non-adhesive features. Also presented are methods utilizing disclosed cryoprobes to facilitate cryosurgery and to enhance accuracy of cryoablation of user-selected cryoablation targets.06-17-2010
20090287201THERMOCOUPLE-CONTROLLED CATETHER COOLING SYSTEM - The present invention provides a medical system, including a catheter defining an injection lumen, a chamber in fluid communication with the injection lumen, and an exhaust lumen in fluid communication with the chamber; a first temperature sensor positioned in the exhaust lumen proximal to the chamber; a second temperature sensor positioned in the chamber; and a console in electrical communication with the first and second temperature sensors, the controller modifying coolant flow through the medical device based at least in part upon a signal received from the first and second temperature sensor. The system may further include a thermally-conductive element circumscribing a substantial portion of the exhaust lumen proximal to the chamber, where the first temperature sensor is mounted to the thermally-conductive element, and the thermally-conductive element may include at least one of a braid, coil, and band.11-19-2009
20100168725ISOTHERM-BASED TISSUE ABLATION CONTROL SYSTEM - A system and method for use with at least one cryoprobe for the treatment of biological tissue controls the energy applied to the tissue. The invention receives live procedure data such as temperature information from locations along the pathway of the cryogenic liquids, and calculates a procedure signature or profile based on the procedure data. In one embodiment, volumetric isotherms are calculated. The procedure signature is compared to a planning signature based on previously acquired image data and estimates of the thermal gradients from models. The system and method are further configured to automatically regulate the application of power based on analysis of the planning data to the procedure data.07-01-2010
20090299358Cryotreatment Device and Method of Forming Conduction Blocks - Cryotreatment devices and methods of ablating tissue within the body are disclosed. A cryotreatment device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes an elongated member having one or more needle-like ablation tips configured to induce necrosis at a target site within the heart. A cooling fluid such as a cryogen may be injected through a lumen extending into the distal portion of the device. The ablation tips can be configured to pierce and ablate surrounding tissue, blocking electrical stimuli that can cause fibrillations or other arrhythmias of the heart. The device may also include means for controlling the transmural depth at which the ablation tips are inserted into the cardiac tissue. Methods of forming a contiguous line of conduction block in accordance with the present invention are also disclosed.12-03-2009
20100262132Compound Bipolar Ablation Device and Method - Method and apparatus for ablating target tissue adjacent pulmonary veins of a patient. The ablation device can include a lower jaw assembly including a proximal jaw having a proximal electrode and a distal jaw having a distal electrode, and an upper jaw assembly including an upper jaw having an upper electrode. A proximal actuator can be movable between a first position in which the proximal jaw is open and a second position in which the proximal jaw is clamped with respect to the upper jaw. A distal actuator can be movable between a third position in which the distal jaw is open and a fourth position in which the distal jaw is clamped with respect to the upper jaw.10-14-2010
20100241112SYSTEMS APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR DISTRIBUTING COOLANT WITHIN A CRYO-ABLATION DEVICE - Systems, apparatus and methods for dispersing a coolant along different portions of a supply tube of a cryo-ablation device which may be in the form of a linear ablation device or catheter probe or a balloon catheter. A supply tube includes multiple tubes that are in fluid communication with an inner space of a transmissive region or an inner space of an inflatable balloon. The tubes are coaxially arranged and extend to different lengths or to different locations such that the coolant is dispersed from different tubes at different axial locations. Annular apertures are defined by pairs of tubes and have different sizes. The tubes and arrangement thereof are structured to provide uniform or substantially uniform coolant distribution to provide uniform or substantially uniform cryo-ablation of surrounding tissue.09-23-2010
20100241113PROTECTING THE PHRENIC NERVE WHILE ABLATING CARDIAC TISSUE - In some implementations, a cryotherapy delivery system includes a cryotherapy catheter having a distal treatment component that delivers, during a cryotherapy procedure, cryotherapy to a treatment site inside a patient's body; a controller that controls the delivery of the cryotherapy during the cryotherapy procedure; and a sensor that measures values of a respiration parameter of the patient during the cryotherapy procedure, and provides measured values to the controller. The controller can determine, prior to delivery of cryotherapy, a baseline value for the respiration parameter; detect, during delivery of the cryotherapy, a change in the respiration parameter relative to the baseline value; and suspend delivery of the cryotherapy when the change exceeds a threshold.09-23-2010
20090076491METHODS FOR MAINTAINING THE PATENCY OF COLLATERAL CHANNELS IN THE LUNGS USING CRYO-ENERGY - The methods disclosed herein are directed to altering gaseous flow within a lung to improve the expiration cycle of, for instance, an individual having Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. More particularly, these methods produce and maintain collateral openings or channels through the airway wall so that expired air is able to pass directly out of the lung tissue to facilitate both the exchange of oxygen ultimately into the blood and/or to decompress hyper-inflated lungs. Devices and methods apply cryo-energy to maintain the patency of the surgically created openings.03-19-2009
20120130359NEUROMODULATION CRYOTHERAPEUTIC DEVICES AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Neuromodulation cryotherapeutic devices and associated systems and methods are disclosed herein. A cryotherapeutic device configured in accordance with a particular embodiment of the present technology can include an elongated shaft having distal portion and a supply lumen along at least a portion of the shaft. The shaft can be configured to locate the distal portion intravascularly at a treatment site proximate a renal artery or renal ostium. The supply lumen can be configured to receive a liquid refrigerant. The cryotherapeutic device can further include a cooling assembly at the distal portion of the shaft. The cooling assembly can include an applicator in fluid communication with the supply lumen and configured to deliver cryotherapeutic cooling to nerves proximate the target site when the cooling assembly is in a deployed state.05-24-2012
20130218149CRYO-THERAPY SPRAY DEVICE - A device for cryotherapy treatment of gastrointestinal lesions includes a cooling member that may be attached to a first tube for pressurizing cryogenic fluid through the tube and into the cooling member through nozzles located at the distal end of the first tube. A second tube may be attached to the cooling member for evacuating the cryogenic fluid from within the cooling member, following the fluid's expansion once it exits the first tube. The cryotherapy device may be attached to an endoscope such that the first tube may be passed through the endoscope's working channel, while the second tube may be passed along the endoscope's circumference. The cryotherapy device may further comprise securing means attached to the first tube, for securing the first tube to the endoscope's working channel, thus preventing free rotation of the cryotherapy device within the endoscope, relative to the rotation of the endoscope. In addition, the securing means assist in maintaining a constant and known location of the nozzles relative to the distal end of the endoscope.08-22-2013
20100211056COMPLIANT BALLOON CATHETER - A catheter includes a first expandable membrane having a first pressurization limit and a second expandable membrane, having a second pressurization limit, wherein the second pressurization limit is greater than the first pressurization limit, the first expandable membrane defines a cooling chamber, the second expandable membrane being disposed around the first expandable membrane to define an junction therebetween. The catheter includes a coolant injection lumen in fluid communication with the at least one fluid inlet port and the cooling chamber, and a primary coolant return lumen in fluid communication with the at least one fluid outlet port and the cooling chamber. The coolant injection tube, the cooling chamber, and the primary coolant return lumen define a first fluid pathway. The catheter further includes a secondary coolant return lumen in fluid communication with the at least one fluid outlet port and the junction. The junction and the secondary coolant return lumen define a second fluid pathway. The catheter provides a fail-safe feature by selecting the appropriate first and second pressurization limits for the first and second expandable membranes.08-19-2010
20100137853CRYOGENIC DEVICE FOR SURGICAL USE - The disclosure relates to a cryogenic device for surgical use, which can be used to cool an area of the body and includes: a cryogenic gas supply conduit and a discharge conduit, an end piece comprising a metal tip intended to be brought into contact with the area to be cooled and a gas release chamber and a gas injection nozzle connected to the supply conduit at the one end and opening into the chamber in the direction of the metal tip at the other end. The supply conduit and the discharge conduit are formed in a common flexible extruded tube that is inserted into the end piece.06-03-2010
20110028961EMERGENCY PRESERVATION AND RESUSCITATION METHODS - Provided are methods for inducing preservation in a patient and resuscitating that patient. At least three hours of preservation, with successful resuscitation, are realized using the methods described herein. The methods involve flushing a patient with an oxygenated, cold-flush solution, such as normal saline, having an energy source. The patient may be cooled to deep or profound hypothermia to induce preservation. The patient may be resuscitated by warming to from about 33° C. to about 36° C., and then may be slowly warmed over a 24 to 72 hour period to normothermia. Kits for inducing preservation also are provided.02-03-2011
20120143177Catheter Systems for Cardiac Arrhythmia Ablation - A plurality of catheter-based ablation apparatus embodiments are provided that address several areas of atrial target tissue and which feature firm and consistent ablation element to tissue contact enabling the creation of effective continuous lesions.06-07-2012
20100198206Cryoprobe With Vibrating Mechanism - Cryoprobes and a cryotherapy method. A cryoprobe includes: a shaft having a central axis, a tip at a first end, a male socket section at a second end opposite the first end, a cryogen feeding pipe extending from the tip through the male socket section along the axis, and a cryogen return passage extending from the tip through the male socket section; and a handle having a female socket adapted and configured to receive and connect with the male socket section in a quick connect manner, a vibration section that selectively causes vibration along the axis, a cryogen exhaust passage extending from the female socket to an exterior of the handle, and a cryogen supply tube connected to the female socket at an end of the tube.08-05-2010
20120245574Spray nozzle design for a catheter - A catheter-based medical device including controlled refrigerant dispersion is disclosed. The device includes a fluid injection tube that carries refrigerant from a coolant supply to the distal portion of the device. A fluid dispersion unit is disposed on the distal end of the fluid tube to control the angle of distribution for refrigerant that is expelled from the fluid injection tube. Controlling the angle of distribution for the refrigerant facilitates dispersion of the fluid in a predetermined spray pattern. The disclosure further relates to cryoablation treatment systems incorporating such a catheter, and to cryoablation treatment methods for tissue treatment to address various conditions suitably treatable with cryoablation.09-27-2012
20090182316LINEAR ABLATION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USE - Described herein are various methods and devices for delivering cryoablative therapy. Various ablative patterns can be produced by the devices, including, linear ablation patterns. One exemplary device includes a cryoablation chamber and a volume displacement chamber. In use, the volume displacement chamber can be expanded to support the cryoablation chamber.07-16-2009
20090182319ENDOVASCULAR CRYOTREATMENT CATHETER - An elongated catheter device with a distal balloon assembly is adapted for endovascular insertion. Coolant injected through the device may, in different embodiments, directly cool tissue contacting the balloon, or may cool a separate internal chamber. Plural balloons may be provided, wherein a secondary outer balloon surrounds a primary inner balloon, the primary balloon being filled with coolant and acting as the cooling chamber, the secondary balloon being coupled to a vacuum return lumen to serve as a robust leak containment device and thermal insulator around the cooling chamber. One or more sensors may be disposed between the balloons or the vacuum return lumen, to detect leaks and control the flow of fluid through the device. Examples of sensors include pressure and temperature sensors, optical sensors, magnetic flow switches and flow meters.07-16-2009
20090182317ABLATION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USE - Described herein are various methods and devices for delivering cryoablative therapy. One such device includes a cryoablation chamber and a volume displacement chamber. In use, the volume displacement chamber can be expanded to occupy a non-therapeutic volume.07-16-2009
20110245821CRYOPROBE HAVING INTERNAL WARMING FLUID CAPABILITIES - A medical device including elongate probe defining proximal and distal ends and a thermally-transmissive region at its distal end, the elongate probe including a first fluid supply line in fluid communication with the thermally-transmissive region. A second fluid supply line is provided in fluid communication with the thermally-transmissive region, the second fluid supply line being connected to the elongate probe separately from the first fluid supply line. An exhaust line in fluid communication with the first and second fluid supply lines.10-06-2011
20110009854EXPANDABLE MULTI-TUBULAR CRYOPROBE - An expandable, flexible multi-tubular cryoprobe operational with a near critical cryogenic working fluid. The inlet fluid transfer micro-tubes utilized are formed of material that maintains flexibility in a full range of temperatures from −200° C. to ambient temperature. During operation, the cryoprobe is mechanically actuated to provide radial expansion of the inlet fluid transfer micro-tubes. Thus, enhanced thermal contact with target biological tissue to be treated is provided.01-13-2011
20110034912SYSTEMS,METHODS, AND DEVICES HAVING STRETCHABLE INTEGRATED CIRCUITRY FOR SENSING AND DELIVERING THERAPY - System, devices and methods are presented that integrate stretchable or flexible circuitry, including arrays of active devices for enhanced sensing, diagnostic, and therapeutic capabilities. The invention enables conformal sensing contact with tissues of interest, such as the inner wall of a lumen, a the brain, or the surface of the heart. Such direct, conformal contact increases accuracy of measurement and delivery of therapy. Further, the invention enables the incorporation of both sensing and therapeutic devices on the same substrate allowing for faster treatment of diseased tissue and fewer devices to perform the same procedure.02-10-2011
20110040297FLEXIBLE MULTI-TUBULAR CRYOPROBE - A flexible multi-tubular cryoprobe, including a housing for receiving an inlet flow of near critical cryogenic fluid from a fluid source and for discharging an outlet flow of the cryogenic fluid. A plurality of fluid transfer tubes are securely attached to the housing. This includes a set of inlet fluid transfer tubes for receiving the inlet flow from the housing; and, a set of outlet fluid transfer tubes for discharging the outlet flow to the housing. Each of the fluid transfer tubes is formed of material that maintains flexibility in a full range of temperatures from −200° C. to ambient temperature. Each fluid transfer tube has an inside diameter in a range of between about 0.10 mm and 1.0 mm and a wall thickness in a range of between about 0.01 mm and 0.30 mm. An end cap is positioned at the ends of the plurality of fluid transfer tubes to provide fluid transfer from the inlet fluid transfer tubes to the outlet fluid transfer tubes.02-17-2011
20110040298Method and System for Cryoablating Fibroadenomas - A cryosurgical system adapted for treatment of fibroadenomas within the breast of a patient. The system includes cryoprobes and a control system which operates the cryoprobes to accomplish freezing in two stages, including a high power freeze and a low power freeze.02-17-2011
20110245822DEFLECTABLE SHEATH CATHETERS - The present invention provides devices and methods for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. In one embodiment a deflectable sheath catheter includes an elongate catheter body having proximal and distal ends, the distal end having a distal tip region that includes a plurality of flexible segments with varying degrees of stiffness. A handle portion can be located at the proximal end of the catheter body to provide a steering mechanism that causes the distal tip region to deflect according to a compound curve.10-06-2011
20100198207SUBDERMAL CRYOGENIC REMODELING OF MUSCLES, NERVES, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, AND/OR ADIPOSE TISSUE (FAT) - Devices, systems, and methods treat cosmetic defects, and often apply cooling with at least one tissue-penetrating probe inserted through of the skin of a patient. The cooling may remodel one or more target tissue so as to effect a desired change in a composition of the target tissue and/or a change in its behavior. Exemplary embodiments of the cooling treatments will interfere with the nerve/muscle contractile function chain so as to mitigate wrinkles of the skin. Related treatments may be used therapeutically for treatment of back and other muscle spasms, chronic pain, and the like. Some embodiments may remodel subcutaneous adipose tissue so as to alter a shape or appearance of the skin surface.08-05-2010
20100198203ISOLATION OF PULMONARY VEIN - The present invention advantageously provides a method and system for the improved isolation and corresponding treatment of tissue targeted for cryogenic or other thermal therapy to increase the thermal efficacy and thermal efficiency of the treatment. In particular, the present invention provides methods and systems for improved thermal treatment of target tissue, such as a pulmonary vein and/or regions of the left atrium by reducing the resistive forces and/or increased thermal energy experienced from blood flow exiting the pulmonary vein into the left atrium during treatment.08-05-2010
20100130970Cryogenic Ablation System and Method - A device for treating esophageal target tissue comprises a catheter, a balloon and a refrigerant delivery device. The catheter has a distal portion and a refrigerant delivery lumen. The balloon is mounted to and the refrigerant delivery device is coupled to the distal portion. The refrigerant delivery device comprises a chamber with the refrigerant delivery lumen opening into the chamber, a refrigerant delivery opening fluidly coupled to the balloon interior, and a distribution passageway fluidly coupling the chamber and the refrigerant delivery opening. A refrigerant is deliverable through the refrigerant delivery lumen, into the chamber, through the distribution passageway, through the refrigerant delivery opening and into the balloon interior so to place the balloon into an expanded, cooled state so that the balloon can press against and cool esophageal target tissue. The medical device may include means for sensing a leak in the balloon.05-27-2010
20100057065METHOD FOR CRYOSPRAY ABLATION - Methods for treating oral, nasal, pharyngeal and/or laryngeal tissue in a subject are described. Methods of the invention may comprise spraying a tissue to be treated with a cryogen and/or using a cryogen to create an isotherm in proximity to the tissue to be treated.03-04-2010
20100057063TIP DESIGN FOR CRYOGENIC PROBE WITH INNER COIL INJECTION TUBE - A cryogenic probe design is provided containing, for example, an inner coil injection tube with a continuous flow of circulating liquid and an outer jacket enclosing the inner coil injection tube. A transducer may monitor parameters in the region between the inner coil injection tube and the outer jacket. An outer jacket serves to prevent gas leakage. One or more embodiments of a probe design provide continuous flow for example via a continuous and controlled path from inlet to outlet and an expanded thermally transmissive region. Expanding a thermally transmissive region of the cooling zone may be provided, for example, in one or more embodiments of injection tube designs.03-04-2010
20100057066APPARATUS FOR AND METHOD OF PRODUCING AN ULTRASONIC SIGNAL - An ultrasonic actuator comprises a miniature ultrasonic transducer powered by electromagnetic radiation. The ultrasonic transducer comprises a housing defining a chamber. A liquid mass oscillates within the chamber at a frequency within the ultrasonic range. To cause this oscillation, a source of electromagnetic radiation energizes the liquid mass by exposing a portion of the liquid mass to electromagnetic radiation. The source of electromagnetic radiation thus drives the liquid mass at a frequency within the ultrasonic range.03-04-2010
20110098694METHODS AND INSTRUMENTS FOR TREATING CARDIAC TISSUE THROUGH A NATURAL ORIFICE - Ablation probes for ablating cardiac tissue through a patient's natural orifice and methods for ablating cardiac tissue through a patient's natural orifice. In some embodiments, an ablation probe, which may include electrodes, a radio frequency probe or a cryoprobe, is inserted through an incision made through the patient's esophagus. A balloon catheter may be inserted through the incision after it has been made to expand the area between the heart and the esophagus. The ablation probe is then brought into contact with the cardiac tissue and activated to irreversibly damage the tissue. The ablation probes may employ vacuum to retain the tissue in contact with the probe during ablation.04-28-2011
20100069900DUAL BALLOON CATHETER ASSEMBLY - A dual balloon catheter assembly and method of use thereof are provided. The dual balloon catheter assembly may be used in a cryoplasty treatment that is provided in combination with eluting an antiproliferative to reduce and/or eliminate vessel fractures, thereby inhibiting proliferative response after angioplasty.03-18-2010
20110098693Vertebral Body Nerve and Vein Cauterizing System and Method - Disclosed are vertebroplasty methods that include cauterizing an inner cavity of a vertebra of a mammal, such as a human, and injecting bone cement into the vertebra. Systems and kits for performing such methods are also disclosed.04-28-2011
20110087205ABLATION DEVICE WITH JAWS - System, device and method for ablating target tissue adjacent pulmonary veins of a patient through an incision. An ablation device can include a hinge including a cam assembly, a moving arm, a floating jaw, and a lower jaw. Fingers can engage the floating jaw to hold the floating jaw in a first position with respect to the moving arm. Some embodiments of the invention can provide an ablation device including a central support, an upper four-bar linkage coupled to the central support, an upper jaw coupled to the upper linkage, a lower four-bar linkage coupled to the central support, and a lower jaw coupled to the lower linkage. Some embodiments of the invention can provide an ablation device having an upper jaw including a first cannula connection and a lower jaw including a second cannula connection. The system can include a first catheter coupled to the first cannula connection and a second catheter coupled to the second cannula connection. The first and second catheters can be inserted through the incision and can move the upper and lower jaws adjacent the pulmonary veins.04-14-2011
20110082453HANDLE FOR AN ABLATION DEVICE - A handle for an ablation device, the handle comprising a positioning control handle part adapted to be coupled to a positioning catheter of the ablation device and adapted to position the positioning catheter in an object, and an ablation control handle part adapted to be coupled to an ablation catheter of the ablation device and adapted to ablate material of the object using the ablation catheter, wherein the positioning control handle part and the ablation control handle part are adapted to be separable from one another.04-07-2011
20110060323Resorbable Probe Including a Device and Method for Minimally Invasive Tissue Sensitization and Treatment - The resorbable cryoprobe device and process is a novel approach for treating localized disease allowing for the precise combined application of freezing temperatures and cytotoxic or cryosensitizing agents within a self-contained matrix/package for optimized tissue destruction. The cryopellet is comprised of a list of components including a source of cryogen to produce the sub-zero temperatures, a porous matrix to contain the cytotoxic agent, cytotoxic agent, and a delivery packet. Data presented herein demonstrates the efficacy of this approach in destroying cancerous tissue. For example, the application of freezing temperatures to −10° C. results in approximately 15% cell death, while exposure to cytotoxic agents such as TRAIL produces minimal cell death. The utilization of the cryopellet approach results in a synergistic effect yielding complete cell death at the same temperature. The innovation behind the resorbable probe application includes the strategic combination of agents to activate intrinsic or extrinsic cell death responses (including apoptosis and necrosis), unique packaging of the cryogen and cytotoxic agent, and a unique delivery system. The resorbable cryoprobe technology will assist directly in the treatment of cancer, as well as will likely lead to broader application for disease treatment.03-10-2011
20090143776MODIFICATION OF AIRWAYS BY APPLICATION OF CRYO ENERGY - A method for decreasing responsiveness or decreasing resistance to airflow of airways involves the transfer of energy to or from the airway walls to prevent or reduce airway constriction and other symptoms of lung diseases. The treatment reduces the ability of the airways to contract during an acute narrowing of the airways, reduces mucus plugging of the airways, and/or increases the airway diameter. The methods according to the present invention provide a longer duration and/or more effective treatment for lung diseases than currently used drug treatments, and obviate patient compliance issues.06-04-2009
20090138000Cryosurgical devices and methods for endometrial ablation - A cryoablation system including a cannula having a proximal end, a distal end, and a longitudinal axis, an expandable balloon extending from the distal end of the cannula and fluidly connected to a source of heat transfer fluid by at least one fluid path, a pump for circulating the heat transfer fluid into and out of the balloon, a probe handle coupled to the proximal end of the cannula and in fluidic communication with the balloon through the cannula, and a heat exchanger for varying the temperature of the heat transfer fluid, wherein the heat exchanger is fluidly connected to a secondary refrigerant source. The heat exchanger may be positioned within the probe handle, within the cannula, or at least partially within the balloon. The heat transfer fluid of this cryoablation system preferably has a freezing point lower than about −110° C. and a boiling point greater than about 50° C.05-28-2009
20090118722METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING SUBCUTANEOUS LIPID-RICH CELLS OR TISSUE - A system for reducing subcutaneous lipid-rich cells or tissue of a subject is disclosed. The system may include a fluid supply, a probe in fluid communication with the fluid supply, and a coolant circulated between the fluid supply and the probe. The probe may be configured to be inserted into the subject to be at least proximate to the subcutaneous lipid rich cells. The coolant may be at a temperature such that the subcutaneous lipid-rich cells or tissue proximate to the inserted probe are cooled.05-07-2009
20120065630CRYOSURGICAL INSTRUMENT FOR TREATING LARGE VOLUME OF TISSUE - A cryosurgical instrument that is selectively positioned in a patient tissue by rotation. The instrument includes: a manipulation section that permits a user to rotate the instrument; a cryogen supply portion; and a positioning section having a sharp tip at an end and a helical configuration, the positioning section configured to receive cryogen and to permit the received cryogen to cool the positioning section. The positioning section urges the cryosurgical instrument deeper into the patient when the instrument is rotated in a first direction, via the manipulation section, and urges the cryosurgical instrument outward when the instrument is rotated in a second direction that is opposite the first, via the manipulation section.03-15-2012
20080215042Therapeutic Apparatus Having Insulated Region At The Insertion Area - Apparatus and methods for insulating tissue during therapeutic procedures.09-04-2008
20110054452SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TWISTING AN EXPANSION ELEMENT OF A CRYOABLATION SYSTEM - A cryoablation catheter assembly includes a catheter that defines at least one coolant outtake region and receives a rotatable guide tube and a coolant transfer tube. The coolant transfer tube receives and transfers coolant from a coolant source to a distal end of the coolant transfer tube. An expansion element is coupled to a distal portion of the catheter and defines an inner expansion-element space. The inner expansion-element space is in fluid communication with the at least one coolant outtake region and the distal end of the coolant transfer tube. A distal end of the expansion element couples to the guide tube. A rotation system is coupleable to, or coupled to, a proximal end of the guide tube and rotates the distal end of the expansion element relative to the proximal end of the expansion element by rotating the guide tube relative to the catheter.03-03-2011
20100179526SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING A COILED COOLANT TRANSFER TUBE FOR A CATHETER OF A CRYOABLATION SYSTEM - A cryoablation catheter assembly includes an expansion element coupled to a distal portion of a catheter that is configured and arranged for insertion into patient vasculature. The catheter includes a guide tube, a coolant transfer tube, and at least one coolant outtake region that each extend along the catheter. The guide tube and the coolant transfer tube extend beyond the distal portion of the catheter. The coolant transfer tube includes a coiled distal that wraps around a portion of the guide tube and defines a plurality of spaced-apart spray apertures. The coolant transfer tube defines a lumen configured and arranged to receive and transfer coolant from a coolant source to the spray apertures. The expansion element is in fluid communication with the at least one coolant outtake region and the plurality of spray apertures.07-15-2010
20090209951Treating Internal Body Tissue - Some embodiments of the invention relate to a system for treating tissue internal to a body, such as heart tissue. For example, the system may be used to ablate tissue as a treatment for atrial fibrillation. In certain embodiments, the system is capable of causing scar tissue to form in ostial areas of the atrium rather than inside the pulmonary vein. In such embodiments, the system may include a tissue treatment member that is operable to form an annular area of ablated tissue along the outer portion of the ostium in an area known as the antrum.08-20-2009
20090209950ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY CATHETER SYSTEM - Described herein are devices and methods for treating tissue, comprising a catheter with a plurality of access sites and a plurality of sensors associated with the access sites. The catheter may be positioned along a tissue surface and the sensors may be used to identify a target site along the tissue surface using the plurality of sensors. Analysis of the tissue surface by the sensors is performed without requiring repositioning of the catheter. In some examples, the access sites of the catheter are side openings along a length of the catheter and the plurality of sensors are electrodes configured to measure electrophysiology parameters. In these examples, the catheter may comprise an internal lumen which permits a treatment device, such as an ablation catheter, to be slidably positioned at the desired target site without requiring displacement of the catheter. In other examples, the catheter may comprise a plurality of fixed ablation elements associated with the plurality of access sites.08-20-2009
20090171334SUBDERMAL CRYOGENIC REMODELING OF MUSCLES, NERVES, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, AND/OR ADIPOSE TISSUE (FAT) - Devices, systems, and methods treat cosmetic defects, and often apply cooling with at least one tissue-penetrating probe inserted through of the skin of a patient. The cooling may remodel one or more target tissue so as to effect a desired change in a composition of the target tissue and/or a change in its behavior. Exemplary embodiments of the cooling treatments will interfere with the nerve/muscle contractile function chain so as to mitigate wrinkles of the skin. Related treatments may be used therapeutically for treatment of back and other muscle spasms, chronic pain, and the like. Some embodiments may remodel subcutaneous adipose tissue so as to alter a shape or appearance of the skin surface.07-02-2009
20090171335Surgical System and Procedure for Treatment of Medically Refractory Atrial Fibrillation - The invention provides surgical systems and methods for ablating heart tissue within the interior and/or exterior of the heart. A plurality of probes is provided with each probe configured for introduction into the chest for engaging the heart. Each probe includes an elongated shaft having an elongated ablating surface of a predetermined shape. The elongated shaft and the elongated ablating surface of each probe are configured to ablate a portion of the heart. A sealing device affixed to the heart tissue forms a hemostatic seal between the probe and the penetration in the heart to inhibit blood loss therethrough.07-02-2009
20090171333SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLABLY DELIVERING LIQUID COOLANT TO A CRYO-ABLATION DEVICE - Systems and methods for controllably delivering liquid coolant such as nitrous oxide to an ablation device for cryogenically ablating tissue. A cooling element liquefies gaseous coolant released from a coolant supply or tank. An actuator in fluid communication with and between the cooling element and the ablation device defines a chamber. Liquid coolant is controllably drawn into and controllably expelled from the chamber for delivery to the cryo-ablation device. Liquid coolant can be controllably drawn into the chamber from the cooling element or from a container or reservoir that stores liquid coolant generated by the cooling element.07-02-2009
20110152848TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER FOR A CRYOPROBE, CRYOSURGICAL DEVICE HAVING A TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER, AND METHOD FOR REGULATING THE TEMPERATURE OF A CRYOPROBE - A cryosurgical apparatus with a temperature regulator. For better therapeutic success, it is desirable to set the temperature applied to a cryosurgical instrument as exactly as possible. Conventional apparatuses have corresponding temperature sensors allowing the regulation of the cooling power in the cryosurgical instrument such that the cooling power corresponds to a predefined value. However, the dimensions of some temperature sensors prevent them from being provided within a cryoprobe. Furthermore, suitable temperature sensors are expensive and have low durability. This problem is solved by the disclosed temperature regulator for regulating the temperature of a cryoprobe, which supplies an at least partly liquid refrigerant at a first pressure to an evaporation region such that the coolant evaporates at least temporarily under the presence of a second pressure for cooling a cooling portion of the cryoprobe. A pressure setting means that sets at least the second pressure is also provided.06-23-2011
20110190750MULTIFUNCTIONAL ABLATION DEVICE - An intravascular catheter is provided, including a flexible elongate body; an expandable element positioned on the elongate body; a substantially linear thermal segment located proximally of the expandable element, the thermal segment defining a first flexibility, where the thermal segment is positioned between two portions of the catheter body each including a flexibility less than that of the thermal segment; a first fluid flow path in fluid communication with the expandable element; and a second fluid flow path in fluid communication with the thermal segment.08-04-2011
20100179527Controlling Depth of Cryoablation - A method of performing cryotherapy on a patient can include positioning an outer surface of a distal portion of a cryotherapy catheter in contact with body tissue to be treated; performing a treatment phase, including regulating a temperature of the outer surface at a treatment value for a first period of time; performing a recovery phase comprising allowing the temperature of the outer surface to warm up to a recovery value that is higher than treatment value but substantially lower than a normal body temperature of the patient; and performing one or more additional treatment phases for a second period of time. Each of the first and second periods of time can be selected to allow a cold front having a cold front temperature to propagate from the outer surface and through a therapeutic portion of a thickness of the body tissue, but not substantially beyond the thickness.07-15-2010
20110125141Cryotherapy Methods for Treating Vessel Dissections and Side Branch Occlusion - The present invention provides cryotherapy treatment of dissections in a blood vessel of a patient. The present invention further provides cryotherapy treatment of side branch occlusion in a bifurcated blood vessel. One method for treating potential or existing dissections in a blood vessel comprises cooling the blood vessel to a temperature and for a time sufficient to remodel the blood vessel such that dissections of the blood vessel are reduced. Another method for treating side branch occlusion in a bifurcated blood vessel, the bifurcated blood vessel having a side branch and a main branch, the main branch having plaque disposed thereon, comprises cooling an inner surface of the main branch to a temperature and for a time sufficient to inhibit plaque shift from the main branch into the side branch.05-26-2011
20100198205Low Pressure Liquid Nitrogen Cryosurgical System - A cryosurgical system using a low-pressure liquid nitrogen supply, which requires only 0.5 to 1 bar of pressure to provide adequate cooling power for treatment of typical breast lesions. The pressure may be provided by supplying lightly pressurized air into the dewar, by heating a small portion of the nitrogen in the dewar, or with a small low pressure pump.08-05-2010
20100191231EMPLOYING A SECONDARY SHEATH WITH AN ABLATION CATHETER - A method of performing a catheter-based procedure can include introducing a delivery sheath inside a patient's body and advancing a secondary sheath through the delivery sheath, toward a treatment site inside the patient's body. The secondary sheath can be distinct from the delivery sheath, coaxial to the delivery sheath along at least a portion of a length of the delivery sheath, and can have a default linear shape that is substantially free of radial bias. The method can further include introducing a catheter through the delivery sheath and secondary sheath, to the treatment site, and performing a procedure at the treatment site with the catheter. Performing the procedure can include performing the procedure while maintaining at a relatively fixed position the secondary sheath.07-29-2010
20110190751NESTED BALLOON CRYOTHERAPY - A cryotherapy system includes a cryotherapy catheter having an inflatable balloon portion and a pressure regulator. The inflatable balloon portion includes an outer balloon and an inner balloon within the outer balloon. The inner balloon is configured to receive during a cryotherapy procedure a cryogenic agent for extracting heat from body tissue at a desired location. The inflatable balloon portion is at a distal end of the cryotherapy catheter. The pressure regulator is adapted to maintain a positive pressure between the inner balloon and the outer balloon during a cryotherapy procedure.08-04-2011
20110152849Cryogenic System and Method of Use - A cryogenic medical device for delivery of subcooled liquid cryogen to various configurations of cryoprobes is designed for the treatment of damaged, diseased, cancerous or other unwanted tissues. The device is a closed or semi-closed system in which the liquid cryogen is contained in both the supply and return stages. The device is capable of generating cryogen to a supercritical state and may be utilized in any rapid cooling systems. As designed, the device comprises a number of parts including a vacuum insulated outer dewar, submersible cryogen pump, baffled linear heat exchanger, multiple pressurization cartridges, a return chamber, and a series of valves to control the flow of the liquid cryogen interconnected with cryotreatment devices including cryoprobes and catheters. The cryogenic medical device promotes subcooling to the tips of various external cryogenic instrument configurations.06-23-2011
20100030204INTRA-ATRIAL APPARATUS AND METHOD OF USE THEREOF - An intra-atrial ablation therapy apparatus is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a balloon adapted for intra-atrial inflation to fill at least part of the atrium, the balloon being adapted to permit a flow of blood from a pulmonary vein to a mitral valve when inflated in the atrium. The apparatus further comprises an inflation lumen being in fluid communication with the balloon and adapted for conducting an inflation fluid to the balloon. The apparatus also comprises an ablation tool connected to the catheter.02-04-2010
20090182318SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING BIOIMPEDANCE AND RESPIRATION - A method of treating tissue is provided, including positioning a portion of a catheter in proximity to cardiac tissue; measuring an impedance value with the catheter; determining a respiratory rate based at least in part on the measured impedance value; and thermally treating the cardiac tissue with the catheter.07-16-2009
20100324545Hypothermia for Improving Rate of Functional Recovery Following Pelvic Surgeries - Hypothermia significantly improves the rate of recovery of function following abdominal surgery-particularly radical prostatectomy. Prior to commencing surgery the tissues at and surrounding the site of the surgery are cooled by means of an endorectal cooling balloon inserted into the patient's rectum. The uninflated balloon is inserted and then inflated with cooling fluid which fluid is constantly circulated in and out to lower the temperature. Improved hypothermia can be achieved by bathing internal tissue with chilled water or buffer. Limitation of surgically induced damage can be demonstrated by the more rapid regain of continence in radical prostatectomy patients treated with hypothermia during surgery.12-23-2010
20100016847CRYOSURGICAL INSTRUMENT FOR SEPARATING A TISSUE SAMPLE FROM SURROUNDING TISSUE OF A BIOLOGICAL TISSUE THAT IS TO BE TREATED - The invention relates to a cryosurgical instrument and a method for separating a tissue sample from surrounding tissue of a biological tissue that is to be treated. The cryosurgical instrument comprises a probe for guiding a probe head on to a biological tissue to be treated, and gas conduits for delivering coolant gas, wherein the probe head is designed in such a way that, in order to collect a tissue sample, a limited region of the tissue can be cooled by means of the gas delivered and can be separated from the surrounding tissue in a state in which it is frozen on the probe head. The instrument is intended to permit reliable removal of a tissue sample without damaging the tissue and to ensure a high degree of safety for the patient. To this end, the instrument has a support means in which the probe is guided and which can be moved relative to the probe in such a way that the surrounding tissue can be counter-supported during separation of the tissue sample. The corresponding method carried out by means of the cryosurgical instrument involves separation of a tissue sample from surrounding tissue of a biological tissue to be treated.01-21-2010
20100057064Medical Device for the Transport of Subcooled Cryogenic Fluid through a Linear Heat Exchanger - A cryogenic medical device for delivery of subcooled liquid cryogen to various configurations of cryoprobes is designed for the treatment of damaged, diseased, cancerous or other unwanted tissues. The device is a closed or semi-closed system in which the liquid cryogen is contained in both the supply and return stages. The device comprises a number of parts including a vacuum insulated outer dewar, submersible cryogen pump, baffled linear heat exchanger, return chamber, and a series of valves to control the flow of the liquid cryogen. The cryogenic medical device promotes the subcooling to any external cryogenic probe.03-04-2010
20090118723COOLANT INJECTION TUBE - A medical device includes a steering element defining a passage for a guide wire. A fluid injection tube defining a proximal and a distal end is also included, wherein a portion of the fluid injection tube is contoured about a portion of the steering element. A plurality of injection ports may be disposed in the portion of the fluid injection tube contoured about the steering element.05-07-2009
20120310226CRYOGENIC BALLOON ABLATION INSTRUMENTS AND SYSTEMS - A cryogenic tissue ablation instrument includes an elongate flexible body with a proximal supply port for coupling with a pressurized coolant, a supply lumen in communication with the proximal supply port, and an expandable balloon carried on the elongate body. A dispersion member coupled to the elongate body has an interior lumen in communication with the supply lumen, the dispersion member having one or more coolant dispersion apertures sized and located such that a pressurized flowable coolant will enter the balloon interior in the form of a liquid spray that contacts and provides substantially uniform cooling of the balloon.12-06-2012
20120016355SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REGULATING COOLANT FLOW THROUGH A CATHETER AND AN EXPANSION ELEMENT OF A CRYOABLATION SYSTEM - A cryoablation system includes a catheter for insertion into patient vasculature. The catheter includes a coolant transfer tube configured to receive and transfer coolant from a coolant source to an expansion element coupled to a distal portion of the catheter. The expansion element is in fluid communication with the coolant transfer tube and at least one coolant outtake region within the catheter. The coolant outtake region is configured and arranged to receive and transfer coolant from the expansion element to a reduced pressure region. A coolant-flow regulation system is at least partially disposed in the catheter. The coolant-flow regulation system is configured and arranged for regulating a rate of coolant flow within the cryoablation system by providing an adjustable pressure differential along the at least one coolant outtake region. A control module is coupled to the catheter. The control module includes a processor for controlling the coolant-flow regulation system.01-19-2012
20090299357CRYONEEDLE AND CRYOTHERAPHY SYSTEM - A device and system for cryogenically treating tissue having an external cryoneedle including an outer housing having a proximal end, a proximal portion, a distal portion and a distal end. The proximal portion of the outer housing is coated with a first material and the distal portion of the outer housing is coated with a second material. The distal end is sealed with a third material. The first material has different temperature conductive properties than the second and third materials. An internal cryoneedle having a first and second end is axially disposed within the external cryoneedle. The first end of the internal cryoneedle is in communication with the sealed distal end of the external cryoneedle and the second end of the internal cryoneedle being in fluid communication with a cryogen source.12-03-2009
20120022513CRYOTREATMENT DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING CONDUCTION BLOCKS - Cryotreatment devices and methods of ablating tissue within the body are disclosed. A cryotreatment device in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes an elongated member having one or more needle-like ablation tips configured to induce necrosis at a target site within the heart. A cooling fluid such as a cryogen may be injected through a lumen extending into the distal portion of the device. The ablation tips can be configured to pierce and ablate surrounding tissue, blocking electrical stimuli that can cause fibrillations or other arrhythmias of the heart. The device may also include means for controlling the transmural depth at which the ablation tips are inserted into the cardiac tissue. Methods of forming a contiguous line of conduction block in accordance with the present invention are also disclosed.01-26-2012
20110092967DEFLATION MECHANISM FOR A MEDICAL DEVICE - A method and system for delivering coolant to a medical device having an expandable element, a guidewire lumen movable within the medical device, and an actuator element coupled to the guidewire lumen for manipulation of longitudinal movement thereof is provided, including transferring a fluid from a console to the medical device to inflate the expandable element; manipulating the actuator element, and initiating a predetermined fluid control sequence of the console in response to the manipulation of the actuator element.04-21-2011
20120071868CRYOSURGICAL INSTRUMENT - A cryosurgical instrument, in particular a biopsy instrument for transbronchial biopsy, having an elongated instrument base body with a distal and proximal end, in relation to the operational position, a cooled section close to the distal end and which removes tissue, said section being designed such that surrounding biological material adheres thereto, by means of cryoadhesion, when said instrument is in use in the cooled state, and a security section provided at a distance from the tissue removal section and which comprises means for preventing or reducing the adhesion of biological material.03-22-2012
20110087204CRYOPLASTY DEVICE AND METHOD - A cryoplasty catheter and method for preventing or slowing reclosure of a lesion following angioplasty. The cryoplasty catheter includes a shaft having proximal and distal ends and a dilatation balloon disposed at the distal end. An intake lumen and exhaust lumen are defined by the shaft to deliver coolant to the balloon and to exhaust or drain coolant from the balloon. The method in accordance with the present invention includes cooling a lesion to aid in remodeling the lesion through dilatation and/or freezing a portion of the lesion adjacent the dilatation balloon to kill cells within the lesion to prevent or retard restenosis.04-14-2011
20110106070ABLATION SYSTEM - An ablation device comprising a positioning catheter adapted to be positionable in a heart and comprising a fixation mechanism for fixing the positioning catheter in the heart, and an ablation catheter adapted to ablate material of the heart using the ablation catheter, wherein the ablation catheter is designed to ablate tissue along an isthmus of the heart, wherein the positioning catheter and the ablation catheter are provided to be movable relative to one another.05-05-2011
20100249766METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CRYO-THERAPY - Methods and apparatus for cryo-therapy are disclosed herein. This includes a hollow guidewire disposed within a catheter having helical loops contacting tissue. A coolant delivery tube disposed within can have a coolant delivered from a proximal end into the guidewire lumen. The coolant flows back proximally through the guidewire while cooling the guidewire surface and cooling or cryogenically ablating the contacting tissue. To minimize guidewire exposure to surrounding fluids or tissue, insulative barriers can be attached to the guidewire. A coolant delivery tube and return lumen can be integrated from a single extrusion in various configurations. Expandable balloons can also be used to expand the loops of the guidewire to contact the tissue. Also, helical loops with a coolant delivery tube or stem disposed longitudinally within the loops can be used and the loops can also have a variable collapsible cooling region.09-30-2010
20120165802METHOD AND SYSTEM TO PREVENT COMPLETE OBSTRUCTION IN CATHETER IN CASE OF A KINK - A medical device comprising a shaft having a kink radius; a tube disposed within the shaft; a fluid source in fluid communication with the tube; an elongate member disposed within the tube, and the elongate member imparting a kink radius on the tube, the imparted kink radius of the tube being larger than the kink radius of the shaft.06-28-2012
20100241114CRYOGENIC PROBE - A cryogenic probe for ablating cardiac tissue is provided comprising a handle piece and an elongated probe tube extending from the handle that terminates in a malleable end effector closed at its distal end and having a smooth outer surface. A semi-rigid insulative sleeve extends from the handle and overlies the proximal portion of the probe tube. An internal support preferably in the form of a coiled spring is located interior of the probe tube for supporting the interior surface of the probe tube. A plurality of cryogenic fluid supply tubes are disposed on the interior of the probe tube for introducing cryogenic fluid to the probe tube, each supply tube having an outlet orifice, with the outlet orifices being staggered along the length of the probe tube. In one embodiment, the probe tube is axially movable relative to the sleeve/handle between retracted and extended positions. Also, the probe tube may be provided with a thermocouple for measuring the temperature of the surface of the probe tube.09-23-2010
20100204687MESH LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM FOR A MEDICAL DEVICE - The present invention provides a surgical device including an elongate body defining a fluid flow path therethrough. An expandable element may be coupled to the elongate body and placed in fluid communication with the fluid flow path. Moreover, the surgical device may include a first leak detection element at least partially surrounding a portion of the expandable element, and a second leak detection element may be provided in fluid communication with the fluid flow path. In addition, a console may be provided, where the console may be in communication with the first and second leak detection elements. Further, a supply of cryogenic fluid as well as a vacuum source may be provided in fluid communication with the fluid flow path.08-12-2010
20120136343METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF A BODY CAVITY OR LUMEN - Methods and apparatus for the treatment of a body cavity or lumen are described where a heated fluid and/or gas may be introduced through a catheter and into treatment area within the body contained between one or more inflatable/expandable members. The catheter may also have optional pressure sensing elements which may allow for control of the pressure within the treatment zone and also prevent the pressure from exceeding a pressure of the inflatable/expandable members to thereby contain the treatment area between these inflatable/expandable members. Optionally, a chilled or room temperature fluid such as water may then be used to rapidly terminate the treatment session.05-31-2012
20110184400TRIPLE BALLOON CATHETER - The present invention advantageously provides a method and system for cryogenically ablating large areas of tissue within the left atrium. In an exemplary embodiment a cryotherapy device includes a catheter body, a proximal end and a distal end; a first lumen; a second lumen; and an ablation element expandable from a first diameter to a second diameter, the ablation element having a surface portion that conforms to the uneven surface topography of the cardiac tissue. The ablation element can include one or more deformable balloon and/or flexible elements. The surface of the balloon can further be shaped by regulation of pressure within the one or more balloons. In an exemplary method, a tissue ablation device is provided and tissue in the left atrium is ablated with the device, whereby the ablation is created by freezing tissue.07-28-2011
20110184398CRYOBALLOON REFRIGERANT DISPERSION CONTROL - A catheter based medical device including controlled refrigerant dispersion is disclosed. The device includes a fluid injection tube that carries refrigerant from a coolant supply to the distal portion of the device. An open distal end or one or more orifices may be provided on the injection tube for the refrigerant to be expelled into an expandable chamber such as a balloon disposed on the distal portion of the catheter. The dispersion of the refrigerant from the injection tube may be controlled or manipulable to direct the refrigerant to one or more target locations.07-28-2011
20100198204MEDICAL DEVICES INCORPORATING THERMOELECTRIC TRANSDUCER AND CONTROLLER - A temperature control system may include a thermoelectric device, a controller electrically coupled to the thermoelectric device, a heat transfer structure thermally coupled to the thermoelectric device, and a temperature controlled medium thermally coupled to the thermoelectric device. The controller may be configured to sense a first value of an electrical characteristic of the thermoelectric device and to generate a first electrical control signal to pump heat through the thermoelectric device in response to sensing the first value of the electrical characteristic of the thermoelectric device. The controller may be further configured to sense a second value of the electrical characteristic of the thermoelectric device and to generate a second electrical control signal to pump heat through the thermoelectric device in response to sensing the second value of the electrical characteristic of the thermoelectric device.08-05-2010
20100174278METHODS OF NASOPHARYNGEAL COOLING FOR AUGMENTING CORONARY PERFUSION PRESSURE - A method for improving the success of resuscitation efforts following cardiac arrest is provided. Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rates following cardiac arrest is directly related to the coronary perfusion pressure during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Selective cooling of the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, oral cavity, oropharynx, retrotonsillar space, mouth, neck face, and/or throat of a patient suffering from cardiac arrest, significantly increases the coronary perfusion pressure which improves ROSC rates. Cooling may be initiated before or during resuscitation efforts including chest compressions, defibrillation and/or administering a vasoconstrictor.07-08-2010
20120239018VARIABLE CRYOSURGICAL PROBE PLANNING SYSTEM - A cryosurgical system for assisting an operator in placing and operating cryosurgical probes in the prostate of a human patient. The cryosurgical system includes a computer system being programmed with software capable of performing the following steps: a) capturing a plurality of transverse views of the prostate; b) capturing a sagittal view of the prostate; c) outlining the capsule of the prostate, the urethra and the rectal wall of the patient with the assistance of the operator, utilizing the captured plurality of transverse views and the captured sagittal view; d) constructing a 3-dimensional model of the prostate, the urethra and the rectal wall utilizing the outlines of step c), above; and, e) utilizing the 3-dimensional model of the prostate, the urethra and the rectal wall to determine i) the number of cryosurgical probes to be utilized; ii) probe settings; and, iii) probe placement positions. The resultant ice thus produced by the cryosurgical probes is optimized for a specific patient.09-20-2012
20080215043WIDE AREA ABLATION OF MYOCARDIAL TISSUE - The present invention advantageously provides a method and system for cryogenically ablating large areas of tissue within the left atrium. In an exemplary embodiment a cryotherapy device includes a catheter body having a substantially fixed diameter, a proximal end and a distal end; a first lumen for permitting passage of a cooling fluid from the proximal end to the distal end; a second lumen permitting return of the cooling fluid from the distal end to the proximal end; and an ablation element expandable from a first diameter that is substantially the same as the diameter of the catheter body to a second diameter that is at least twice the diameter of the catheter body, the ablation element having a surface portion that conforms to the uneven surface topography of the cardiac tissue. The ablation element can include one or more balloon and/or a flexible element that is deformed by moving the distal end of the catheter toward the proximal end of the catheter. The surface of the balloon can further be shaped by regulation of pressure within the one or more balloons. In an exemplary method a tissue ablation device is provided and tissue in the antrum of the left atrium is ablated with the device. In an exemplary method, only tissue in the antrum is ablated, and the ablation is created by freezing tissue.09-04-2008
20120253336CRYO-INDUCED RENAL NEUROMODULATION DEVICES AND METHODS - A method for cryo-induced renal neuromodulation includes applying cryoenergy to neural fibers that contribute to renal function, or to vascular structures that contact, feed or perfuse the neural fibers. In one embodiment, cryoenergy is applied via a distal energy-delivering section of a flexible catheter. The distal section may include a plurality of microtubes for transporting a cryogen to the distal tip. The energy-delivering section contacts and extracts heat from the wall of the renal artery. In one embodiment, the distal energy-delivering section is radially expandable. The renal nerve is cooled to a degree such that nerve function is disrupted.10-04-2012
20120191082Method And Apparatus For Regulating The Formation Of Ice On A Catheter - A method and apparatus is provided, including regulating the generation and formation of ice on an elongate body applied to the tissue of a patient. The method may include measuring a parameter from a sensor disposed on the instrument. The forming of ice and active warming of the instrument may be via a thermal source in fluid communication with the instrument.07-26-2012
20120191081Method and Apparatus for Regulating The Formation Of Ice On A Catheter - A method and apparatus is provided, including regulating the generation and formation of ice and active warming of an instrument applied to the tissue of a patient. The method may include measuring a parameter from a sensor disposed on the instrument. The forming of ice and active warming of the instrument may be via a thermal source in fluid communication with the instrument.07-26-2012
20120191080Method and Apparatus for Regulating the Formation of Ice On A Catheter - A method and apparatus is provided, including regulating the generation and formation of ice and active warming of an instrument applied to the tissue of a patient. The method may include measuring a parameter from a sensor disposed on the instrument. The forming of ice and active warming of the instrument may be via a thermal source in fluid communication with the instrument.07-26-2012
20080300585Method and device for performing cooling-or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation - The present invention provides an enhanced method and device to inhibit or reduce the rate of restenosis following angioplasty or stent placement. The invention involves placing a balloon tipped catheter in the area treated or opened through balloon angioplasty immediately following angioplasty. The balloon, which can have a dual balloon structure, may be delivered through a guiding catheter and over a guidewire already in place from a balloon angioplasty. A fluid such as a perfluorocarbon may be flowed into the balloon to freeze the tissue adjacent the balloon, this cooling being associated with reduction of restenosis. The catheter may also be used to reduce atrial fibrillation by inserting and inflating the balloon such that an exterior surface of the balloon is in contact with at least a partial circumference of the portion of the pulmonary vein adjacent the left atrium.12-04-2008
20080300584CRYOABLATION SEGMENT FOR CREATING LINEAR LESIONS - An applicator for cryoablating tissue to form linear (i.e. straight line and curvilinear) lesions in targeted tissue includes a fluid refrigerant delivery system having a source of a fluid refrigerant and a tubular cryoablation segment. Structurally, the segment has an open proximal end and a distal end, and is formed with a lumen. Also, the segment is formed with at least one distal port and at least one proximal port, with each port connected in fluid communication with the segment's lumen. The proximal end of the tubular segment is operably connected in fluid communication with the source of fluid refrigerant. For the system, the ports can be selectively sized to outflow liquid refrigerant through the distal and proximal ports at a substantially same mass flow rate.12-04-2008
20110004204Surgical Instrument and Method for Use Thereof - A surgical instrument for treating a tissue includes a handpiece and a tissue engaging portion arranged to be received by the handpiece. The tissue engaging portion includes first and second opposed jaw members having an open position and a closed position for engaging the tissue therebetween, where the first and second jaw members are arranged to receive surgical energy from a surgical generator. The tissue engaging portion further includes at least one cooling member spaced from at least one of the first and second jaw members, where the cooling member has an open position and a closed position for engaging the tissue. Positioning the jaw members in their closed position and applying surgical energy to the tissue allows for treatment of the tissue, and positioning the cooling member in its closed position provides at least one of a pressure gradient or a thermal gradient between the jaw members and the cooling member.01-06-2011
20120265188Plaque Stabilisation Using Cryoenergy - There is provided a method of supplying cryoenergy to a plaque within a blood vessel. The method comprises expanding an expandable membrane of a catheter apparatus with a pressure of less than 5 ATM (507 kPa), the catheter apparatus having been placed in thermal contact with the plaque within the blood vessel. The method also comprises establishing a temperature of between +15° C. (288K) and −35° C. (238K) at an interface of the expandable membrane and the blood vessel. A system and catheter apparatus are also provided.10-18-2012
20120265187Method for Reducing Hyperdynamic Facial Wrinkles - A method for cryogenically treating a target tissue comprises providing a cryogenic device having one or more tissue penetrating needle probes, and advancing the one or more tissue penetrating needle probes through skin disposed above the target tissue into the target tissue. The target tissue comprises a motor nerve. The method also includes cooling the target tissue with the one or more tissue penetrating needle probes, and temporarily disrupting signal conduction from the motor nerve thereby preventing contraction of a muscle operably coupled to the motor nerve. This reduces or eliminates hyperdynamic wrinkles of a patient's face.10-18-2012
20120265186STEERABLE CURVABLE ABLATION CATHETER FOR VERTEBROPLASTY - Disclosed herein is a steerable, curvable catheter with one, two, or more ablation elements that can be used for various applications including vertebroplasty. The catheter can include an elongate, tubular body, having a proximal end, a distal end, and a central lumen extending therethrough; a deflectable zone on the distal end of the tubular body, deflectable through an angular range; a handle on the proximal end of the tubular body; and a deflection control on the handle; an energy delivery control on the handle; and one or more energy delivery elements on the distal end of the device for ablating tissue within bone. The energy delivery elements could be RF heating electrodes in a monopole or dipole arrangement although other energy delivery modalities are also contemplated. For example, the energy delivery elements include cryoprobes. Systems and methods involving the ablation catheter are also disclosed.10-18-2012
20100234838APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR RETRACTING A CATHETER BALLOON - A balloon elongation apparatus includes an elongated hypotube with a distal end having a reduced inner diameter portion that is configured to radially expand when a mandrel is advanced through a lumen of the hypotube towards the reduced inner diameter portion. A medical kit includes a catheter having a distally-located balloon and the elongation apparatus disposed within a guide wire tube of the catheter. In use, the balloon is elongated following a procedure in order to facilitate retracting the balloon into a sheath. The balloon is elongated by first advancing the mandrel relative to the hypotube so that the hypotube radially expands and firmly engages an inner surface of the guide wire tube and then advancing the mandrel, hypotube, and distal end of the guide wire tube relative to the catheter body.09-16-2010
20120277736Method and Apparatus for Tissue Ablation - A method for ablation in which a portion of atrial tissue around the pulmonary veins of the heart is ablated by a first elongated ablation component and a second elongated ablation component movable relative to the first ablation component and having means for magnetically attracting the first and second components toward one another. The magnetic means draw the first and second components toward one another to compress the atrial tissue therebetween, along the length of the first and second components and thereby position the device for ablation of the tissue.11-01-2012
20120101485BALLOON CATHETER WITH DEFORMABLE FLUID DELIVERY CONDUIT - A medical device, including an elongate body having a proximal portion and a distal portion; a shaft at least partially disposed within the elongate body; an expandable element at the distal portion of the elongate body; and a fluid delivery conduit defining a deflectable segment movably coupled to the shaft, the deflectable segment being transitionable from a substantially linear configuration to a substantially curvilinear configuration.04-26-2012
20120289951SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CRYOBLATION OF A TISSUE - Systems and methods for cryoablation of a tissue. In at least one embodiment of a cryoablation system of the present disclosure, the cryoablation system comprises an expandable stent comprising a proximal end and a distal end, a sidewall defining a lumen extending between the proximal end and the distal end, and a cryoablation chamber at the distal end, the expandable stent configured to permit blood flow therethrough, and a cryoablation device comprising at least one coolant tube at least partially positioned within the cryoablation chamber, wherein the at least one coolant tube is operable to produce a cryogenic environment sufficient to ablate at least a portion of a tissue engaged within the cryoablation chamber.11-15-2012
20120289952METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT ABLATION TO ACHIEVE LOSS OF PERSISTENT AND/OR RECURRENT EXCESS BODY WEIGHT FOLLOWING A WEIGHT LOSS OPERATION - Devices and methods are provided for ablational treatment of regions of the digestive tract in post-bariatric surgery patients who fail to achieve or maintain the desired weight loss. Bariatric procedures include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, biliopancreatic diversion, and sleeve gastrectomy. These procedures reconstruct gastrointestinal tract features, creating pouches, stoma, and tubes that restrict and/or divert the digestive flow. Post-surgical dilation of altered structures is common and diminishes their bariatric effectiveness. Ablation of compromised structures can reduce their size and compliance, restoring bariatric effectiveness. Ablation, as provided the invention, starts at the mucosa and penetrates deeper into the gastrointestinal wall in a controlled manner. Control may also be provided by a fractional ablation that ablates some tissue within a target region and leaves a portion substantially unaffected. Embodiments of the device include an ablational electrode array that spans 360 degrees and an array that spans an arc of less than 360 degrees.11-15-2012
20080262486Planning and facilitation systems and methods for cryosurgery - Systems and methods for planning a cryoablation procedure and for facilitating a cryoablation procedure utilize integrated images displaying, in a common virtual space, a three-dimensional model of a surgical intervention site based on digitized preparatory images of the site from first imaging modalities, simulation images of cryoprobes used according to an operator-planned cryoablation procedure at the site, and real-time images provided by second imaging modalities during cryoablation. The system supplies recommendations for and evaluations of the planned cryoablation procedure, feedback to an operator during cryoablation, and guidance and control signals for operating a cryosurgery tool during cryoablation. Methods are provided for generating a nearly-uniform cold field among a plurality of cryoprobes, for cryoablating a volume with smooth and well-defined borders, thereby minimizing damage to healthy tissues.10-23-2008
20130018368USER INTERFACE FOR OPERATING AND MONITORING A CRYOSURGICAL SYSTEMAANM Chan; Luan ThienAACI Coon RapidsAAST MNAACO USAAGP Chan; Luan Thien Coon Rapids MN USAANM Ramadhyani; SatishAACI MinneapolisAAST MNAACO USAAGP Ramadhyani; Satish Minneapolis MN USAANM Vallapureddy; VineelAACI Coon RapidsAAST MNAACO USAAGP Vallapureddy; Vineel Coon Rapids MN US - A method for concurrently displaying on an interactive user interface the various operating parameters and status of the components of a cryosurgical system during a cryosurgical procedure. The interactive user interface enables a cryosurgical system operator to manipulate the operating parameters and reconfigure the display.01-17-2013
20130018369SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TREATMENT IN PROXIMITY TO SENSITIVE TISSUE STRUCTURESAANM MIHALIK; Teresa AnnAACI EncinitasAAST CAAACO USAAGP MIHALIK; Teresa Ann Encinitas CA US - A method of treating a target tissue including positioning a treatment element of a medical device adjacent the target tissue; setting a first target temperature of the treatment element; operating the treatment element to reach the first target temperature; thermally treating the target tissue with the treatment element; monitoring a physiological parameter; setting a second target temperature of the treatment element based on the monitored physiological parameter; and operating the treatment element to reach the second target temperature.01-17-2013
20130018367Focal Ablation AssemblyAANM Wu; Patrick P.AACI San CarlosAAST CAAACO USAAGP Wu; Patrick P. San Carlos CA USAANM Ico; Cesar A.AACI San FranciscoAAST CAAACO USAAGP Ico; Cesar A. San Francisco CA USAANM Williams; Richard S.AACI Redwood CityAAST CAAACO USAAGP Williams; Richard S. Redwood City CA US - A focal ablation assembly, used with an endoscope comprising an endoscopic tube, comprises a cryogenic catheter, a balloon and a reinforcing element. The cryogenic catheter is placeable within the endoscopic tube channel and has a distal end placeable at the distal end of the endoscopic tube. The balloon is mountable to the catheter distal end and extends distally of both of the distal ends. The reinforcing element at least partially defines the shape of the balloon in the expanded state. The balloon defines a balloon volume when expanded and has a thermally conductive therapeutic region which provides effectively no thermal insulation. In some examples the focal ablation assembly comprises a delivery catheter extending along the channel with a distal portion fluidly coupled to the balloon interior, whereby refrigerant can be introduced into the balloon interior and towards the therapeutic region by the delivery catheter.01-17-2013
20130018366Focal Ablation AssemblyAANM Wu; Patrick P.AACI San CarlosAAST CAAACO USAAGP Wu; Patrick P. San Carlos CA USAANM Ico; Cesar A.AACI San FranciscoAAST CAAACO USAAGP Ico; Cesar A. San Francisco CA USAANM Williams; Richard S.AACI Redwood CityAAST CAAACO USAAGP Williams; Richard S. Redwood City CA US - A focal ablation assembly, used with an endoscope comprising an endoscopic tube, comprises a cap and a cryogenic catheter placeable within the endoscopic tube channel. The cryogenic catheter defines a catheter lumen and has a distal end placeable at the endoscopic tube distal end. The cap is mountable to at least one of the distal ends and extends distally of both. The cap comprises a material which substantially maintains its shape during use while not causing tissue trauma. The cap defines a limited area therapeutic region, which is a chosen one of an open therapeutic region and a covered, effectively thermally transparent therapeutic region providing effectively no thermal insulation. In some examples the assembly includes a delivery catheter extending along the channel with a distal portion fluidly coupled to the cap volume, whereby refrigerant can be introduced into the cap volume and towards the therapeutic region by the delivery catheter.01-17-2013
20130172866METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INFLATING AND DEFLATING BALLOON CATHETERS - A system and method for controlling the inflation, ablation, and deflation of a balloon catheter. The system includes a balloon catheter, a console, a pressurized gas or liquid inflation source, and an umbilical system to deliver pressurized coolant to the balloon catheter. The system may include controller that monitors the amount of pressure and volume within the balloon catheter. During inflation, the pressure and/or volume of fluid within the balloon is maintained at a target amount in order to provide sufficient mechanized pressure against the desired target region. The system limits the inflation pressure such that a safe quantity of gas would be released should a leak occur. If the amount falls below a certain threshold level, gas or fluid egress is presumed and the inflation process is halted.07-04-2013
20080255550Systems and methods for less invasive neutralization by ablation of tissue including the appendix and gall bladder - Systems and methods for ablation of the gall bladder and appendix through a natural orifice.10-16-2008
20080243111Surgical method and apparatus for treating atrial fibrillation - The present invention advantageously provides a method and system for cryogenically ablating large areas of tissue within the left atrium. In an exemplary embodiment a cryotherapy device includes a catheter body, a proximal end and a distal end; a first lumen; a second lumen; and an ablation element expandable from a first diameter to a second diameter, the ablation element having a surface portion that conforms to the uneven surface topography of the cardiac tissue. The ablation element can include one or more deformable balloon and/or flexible elements. The surface of the balloon can further be shaped by regulation of pressure within the one or more balloons. In an exemplary method, a tissue ablation device is provided and tissue in the left atrium is ablated with the device, whereby the ablation is created by freezing tissue.10-02-2008
20120253337REGULATING INTERNAL PRESSURE OF A CRYOTHERAPY BALLOON CATHETER - A method of performing a cryotherapy procedure can include introducing a cryotherapy balloon catheter at a treatment site inside a patient's body; regulating, during a first phase of a cryotherapy procedure, flow of cryogenic fluid to and exhaust from a distal balloon portion of the cryotherapy balloon catheter to cause an initial pressure to be maintained inside the distal balloon portion that is sufficiently high to cause an outer wall of the distal balloon portion to be pressed against body tissue at the treatment site; and regulating, during a second phase of the cryotherapy procedure, flow of cryogenic fluid to and exhaust from the distal balloon portion to cause a) a temperature inside the distal balloon portion to reach a value sufficient to deliver therapeutic levels of cryotherapy to the body tissue, and b) a second-phase pressure to be maintained that is within a threshold value of the initial pressure.10-04-2012
20100286678Medical Devices - Medical systems and methods including balloons having nanotubes are disclosed. In some embodiments, a medical system includes an elongated shaft, and an expandable balloon carried by the shaft and including nanotubes. The medical system is capable of cooling the balloon to less than about 37° C. In some embodiments, a method includes providing a medical device having an elongated shaft, and an expandable balloon carried by the elongated shaft and including nanotubes; and cooling the balloon to less than about 37° C.11-11-2010
20100286677CRYOSURGICAL CATHETER - A cryogenic catheter includes an outer flexible member having at least one cryogenic fluid path through the flexible member. The at least one fluid path is defined by a plurality of flexible members disposed within the outer flexible member.11-11-2010
20100286676CRYOSURGICAL CATHETER - A cryogenic catheter includes an outer flexible member having at least one cryogenic fluid path through the flexible member. The at least one fluid path is defined by a plurality of flexible members disposed within the outer flexible member.11-11-2010
20120259322SKIN PROTECTION FOR SUBDERMAL CRYOGENIC REMODELING FOR COSMETIC AND OTHER TREATMENTS - A systems and methods for controlling temperature in a cryogenic device includes providing a device having a probe and a heater element. A distal region of the probe is engaged with the target region. Measuring and recording current temperature of a proximal region of the probe and time of the measurement is used to determine slope of a temperature curve defined by two points. The first point is defined by the current temperature and time of measurement and a second point is defined by a previous measurement of proximal region temperature and time of measurement. When the slope is less than a slope threshold value a treatment flag is activated, treatment start time is recorded and the proximal region is heated with the heater element. Heating is discontinued and the treatment flag is deactivated after elapsed treatment time exceeds a duration threshold value.10-11-2012
20100318075CRYOTHERAPY METHOD FOR DETECTING AND TREATING VULNERABLE PLAQUE - Methods, apparatus, and kits detect and/or treat vulnerable plaque of a blood vessel. A temperature differential can be sensed along a lumen surface with temperature sensors on a balloon filled with warm gas. Treatment methods include controlled and safe cryogenic cooling of vulnerable plaque to inhibit release of retained fluid within the vulnerable plaque so as to inhibit acute coronary syndrome and to help maintain patency of a body lumen.12-16-2010
20120283716ABLATION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USE - Described herein are various methods and devices for delivering cryoablative therapy. One such device includes a cryoablation chamber and a volume displacement chamber. In use, the volume displacement chamber can be expanded to occupy a non-therapeutic volume.11-08-2012
20120283715ELECTRICAL SENSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF USE FOR TREATING TISSUE - A medical system, including a catheter body, an expandable element coupled to the catheter body; a first electrically-conductive element coupled to an interior surface of the expandable element; and a second electrically-conductive element coupled to an exterior surface of the expandable element, where the first and second electrically-conductive elements form a capacitor with the expandable element.11-08-2012
20120283714METHODS OF TREATMENT WITH COMPLIANT ELEMENTS AND WIRE STRUCTURES - A method of treating a tissue region, including deploying a plurality of sensors of a medical device into contact with the tissue region; measuring at least one of an electrical voltage, capacitance or resistance value with at least one of the plurality of sensors; generating a position indicator based at least in part on the measured value; inflating an expandable element of the medical device, and thermally affecting the tissue region with the expandable element.11-08-2012
20120283713COMPLIANT SLEEVES COUPLED WITH WIRE STRUCTURES FOR CRYOABLATION - A medical system, including a catheter body, a mesh coupled to the catheter body; an expandable element enclosing the mesh, the expandable element made from a compliant natural rubber emulsion, such as Yulex® HA; and a cryogenic coolant source in fluid communication with the expandable element.11-08-2012
20130158533CRYO-APPLICATOR CROSS-SECTION CONFIGURATION - A configuration for a cryo-catheter which optimizes both the catheter's outer diameter and the size of the catheter's internal refrigerant flow path is described. Specifically, the inner dimensions of the cryo-catheter are configured to accommodate a pre-selected flow of refrigerant into the catheter's distal tip, and a return flow of refrigerant from the distal tip. The return flow is established in the void spaces between a refrigerant supply line and the inner wall of the catheter body. The available void space varies along the catheter length and depends on the presence/absence of various catheter accessories (i.e. pull wires, pressure tubes, etc.) which typically only extend through a portion of the catheter length. The disclosed configuration ensures that the cryo-catheter does not operate in a refrigerant limited condition, maintains the refrigerant as a liquid in the supply tube, and maintains the return line pressure at about 1 atmosphere.06-20-2013
20130184695Skin Protection for Subdermal Cryogenic Remodeling for Cosmetic and Other Treatments - A cryogenic needle probe having a proximal and distal region. A cooling supply tube provides pressurized cooling fluid within the needle. The proximal region is more conductive that the distal region. The proximal region is conductively coupled to a heat source.07-18-2013
20110313410CRYOGENIC MEDICAL DEVICE WITH THERMAL GUARD AND METHOD - A medical device, system and method are provided for thermal medical treatment. A medical device for cryogenic treatment may include a tip and a thermal guard or shield. The tip may be at a distal end of a catheter shaft, having a distal surface and lateral surfaces. The thermal guard may be coupled to the catheter proximal of the distal tip, surrounding the longitudinal axis and exposing the distal surface, to resist heat transfer from body fluids to the lateral surfaces of the tip. An efficiency of heat transfer from selected tissue to be treated to the distal surface of the cryogenic tip is thereby increased.12-22-2011
20130190744METHODS AND DEVICES FOR SELECTIVE DISRUPTION OF VISCERAL FAT BY CONTROLLED COOLING - The present invention provides methods and apparatus for use in the selective disruption of visceral fat tissue by controlled cooling.07-25-2013
20120029496RENAL NERVE ABLATION USING MILD FREEZING AND MICROWAVE ENERGY - A catheter arrangement includes a flexible shaft having a length sufficient to access a patient's renal artery relative to a percutaneous access location. A cooling arrangement is provided at a distal end of the shaft and dimensioned for deployment within a renal artery. The cooling arrangement is configured to freeze tissue of a wall of the renal artery while target tissue adjacent the renal artery wall including perivascular renal nerve tissue remains unfrozen. A microwave emitter is configured to propagate microwave energy through the frozen renal artery wall to heat the unfrozen target tissue to a temperature sufficient to ablate perivascular renal nerve tissue included within the target tissue with no or negligible thermal damage to at least an inner wall of the renal artery.02-02-2012
20120029495ENDOLUMINAL ABLATION CRYOBALLOON AND METHOD - A method of ablating tissue is provided, including positioning an expandable element of a catheter in a blood vessel; inflating the expandable element with a volume of refrigerant to substantially occlude the blood vessel; measuring the volume of refrigerant used to inflate the expandable element; correlating the measured volume to an inflated dimension of the expandable element; defining at least one of a target pressure within the expandable element and a target flow rate for refrigerant delivery to the expandable element based at least in part on the inflated dimension; regulating refrigerant delivery to the expandable element to attain the at least one defined target pressure within the expandable element or defined target flow rate for fluid delivery to the expandable element; and ablating at least a portion of the blood vessel with the expandable element.02-02-2012
20120029494DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PULMONARY VEIN ISOLATION - An intravascular catheter is provided, including a flexible elongate body; an expandable element positioned on the elongate body; a substantially linear thermal segment located distally of the expandable element; a first fluid flow path in fluid communication with the expandable element; and a second fluid flow path in fluid communication with the substantially linear thermal segment.02-02-2012
20120029493DUAL INJECTION TUBE CRYOCATHETER AND METHOD FOR USING SAME - A medical device includes a catheter body having a first injection lumen, a second injection lumen, and an exhaust lumen, where the first injection lumen provides a fluid flow rate greater than a fluid flow rate provided by the second injection lumen; an expandable element coupled to the catheter body in fluid communication with the first and second injection lumens; a cryogenic fluid source in fluid communication with the first and second injection lumens; a valve in fluid communication with the first and second injection lumens to selectively allow fluid flow to at least one of the first and second injection lumens; a pressure sensor in fluid communication with an interior defined by the expandable element; and a controller in communication with the pressure sensor programmed to regulate fluid flow through the first injection lumen based at least in part on a signal from the pressure sensor.02-02-2012
20130197497BALLOON CATHETER - A medical device including a catheter body defining a proximal portion and a distal portion. An expandable element is included defining a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end being coupled to the distal portion of the catheter body. A tip element coupled to the distal end of the expandable element is included, the tip element including a shaft slideably receivable within a portion of the catheter body. A tensioning element coupled to the shaft and disposed within the expandable element is included, the tensioning element being engageable with the distal end of the catheter body and biasing the expandable element toward a pre-determined longitudinal position. An electrode array defining a substantially closed loop affixed to and extending from the tip element is also included.08-01-2013
20130197498LARGE AREA CRYOABLATION CATHETER WITH MULTI-GEOMETRY TIP ECG/CRYO MAPPING CAPABILITIES - A medical device including an ablation element. A thermally insulative sheath is included disposed within the ablation element. A fluid injection tube is disposed within a portion of the thermally insulative sheath. The ablation element passively transitions from a substantially linear geometric configuration to a substantially circular geometric configuration as the sheath is retracted proximally from a first position in which the sheath substantially encloses the fluid injection tube to a second position in which a portion of the fluid injection tube extends a distance away from the sheath.08-01-2013
20130197499BALLOON DESIGN TO ENHANCE COOLING UNIFORMITY - A device, system, and method for enhancing cooling uniformity and efficiency of cryogenic fluids and providing a treatment element the shape of which can be adjusted for multiple purposes. The device may include a balloon catheter and fluid dispersion element, the fluid dispersion element directing the flow of coolant from a fluid injection element the interior wall of the balloon. The method of changing the shape of the treatment element may include retracting and extending a shaft to which the distal neck of a balloon is coupled, so that the balloon goes from a first shape to a second shape.08-01-2013
20130197500Cryogenic Ablation System and Method - A device for treating esophageal target tissue comprises a catheter, a balloon and a refrigerant delivery device. The catheter has a distal portion and a refrigerant delivery lumen. The balloon is mounted to and the refrigerant delivery device is coupled to the distal portion. The refrigerant delivery device comprises a chamber with the refrigerant delivery lumen opening into the chamber, a refrigerant delivery opening fluidly coupled to the balloon interior, and a distribution passageway fluidly coupling the chamber and the refrigerant delivery opening. A refrigerant is deliverable through the refrigerant delivery lumen, into the chamber, through the distribution passageway, through the refrigerant delivery opening and into the balloon interior so to place the balloon into an expanded, cooled state so that the balloon can press against and cool esophageal target tissue. The medical device may include means for sensing a leak in the balloon.08-01-2013
20130103019Cryosurgical Fluid Supply - Improved systems, devices, and methods for delivering cryogenic cooling fluid to cryosurgical probes such as cryosurgical endovascular balloon catheters take advantage of the transients during the initiation and termination of cryogenic fluid flow to moderate the treatment temperatures of tissues engaged by the probe. A flow limiting element along a cryogenic fluid path intermittently interrupts the flow of cooling fluid, often cycling both the fluid flow and treatment temperature. This can maintain the tissue treatment temperature within a predetermined range which is above the treatment temperature provided by a steady flow of cryogenic fluid. In another aspect, room temperature single-use cooling fluid cartridges are filled with a sufficient quantity of cryosurgical fluid to effect a desired endovascular cryosurgical treatment.04-25-2013
20130204240SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RADIOMETRICALLY MEASURING TEMPERATURE DURING TISSUE ABLATION - The present invention provides systems and methods for radiometrically measuring temperature during ablation. An interface module includes a processor; a first input/output (I/O) port configured to receive digital radiometer and thermocouple signals from an integrated catheter tip (ICT) that includes a radiometer; a second I/O port configured to receive ablative energy from an electrosurgical generator; a temperature display; a patient relay in communication with the first and second I/O ports and the processor; and a computer-readable medium storing radiometer and thermocouple operation parameters and instructions for causing the processor to: calculate a temperature adjacent to the ICT based on the radiometer and thermocouple signals and the operation parameters, causing the temperature display to display the calculated temperature, and closing the patient relay so as to pass ablative energy received on the second I/O port to the first I/O port.08-08-2013
20130211392SELECTIVE DELIVERY OF CRYOGENIC ENERGY TO INTERVERTEBRAL DISC TISSUE AND RELATED METHODS OF INTRADISCAL HYPOTHERMIA THERAPY - A method of delivering cryogenic energy within a vertebral body comprising forming a hole within the vertebral body; inserting a cryoprobe into said body, wherein said cryoprobe has a distal tip and a thermally transmissive region located proximate to said tip; activating said thermally transmissive region; and delivering cryogenic energy for one or more time periods in the range of 1 minute to 60 minutes.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Internal application