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Light conducting fiber inserted into a body

Subclass of:

600 - Surgery

600300000 - DIAGNOSTIC TESTING

600407000 - Detecting nuclear, electromagnetic, or ultrasonic radiation

600476000 - Visible light radiation

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DocumentTitleDate
20090221922METHODS AND DEVICES FOR IN SITU TISSUE NAVIGATION - The “Smart Tool” includes a “Smart Tool Probe” and two processing modules. The Smart Tool Probe is a hand held, wired or wireless, device that a surgeon utilizes for interrogating and identifying a tissue site, such as the entrance to a pedicle. The processing units, an Electro-Optical Control (EOC) Module and a CDS Module, provide control and display capabilities enabling real-time tissue site (such as vertebra bone) interrogation. The Smart Tool Probe utilizes a system of optical fibers that carry the interrogating optical signal sent by the light source(s) and the reflected optical signal back to the optical receivers. The light source(s) and light receivers are located in the EOC Module. The data received from the EOC Module are processed and converted into an image which is displayed on the screen in real-time. The software installed on the machine allows the surgeon to adjust/enhance the image properties to suit the selected requirements. This mode of operation provides interactive image sharpening (to adjust image sharpness), threshold control (to adjust image contrast), segmentation (to delineate the density map in the image), and image calculus (to pin-point the center of a particular region in the image).09-03-2009
20090221921SIDE-FIRING LINEAR FIBER OPTIC ARRAY FOR INTERSTITIAL OPTICAL THERAPY AND MONITORING USING COMPACT HELICAL GEOMETRY - An optical probe has multiple side-firing optical fibers which terminate in a linearly staggered fashion. A central fiber can be used as well. In diagnostic techniques, one fiber can be used as an emitter, while the others are used as receivers, or various fibers can be used as emitters and receivers at different times to form a map of the area. In therapeutic techniques, the treatment light can be emitted from the fibers in parallel or in sequence, and the fluence can be independently adjusted for each of the fibers.09-03-2009
20100076320FLUSH CATHETER WITH FLOW DIRECTING SHEATH - In certain embodiments, the invention provides a method of flushing a lumen of interest having a first diameter and a lumen wall. The method can include the steps of selecting a flush solution such that the flush solution lowers a fluid removal rate of a plurality of terminating lumens, the terminating lumens branching from and in fluid communication with the lumen of interest, at least one of the terminating lumens having a second diameter, the second diameter smaller than the first diameter; flushing the lumen with the flush solution; and collecting optical tomography scan data relative to a portion of the lumen wall.03-25-2010
20130085398BRAIN-MACHINE INTERFACE BASED ON PHOTONIC NEURAL PROBE ARRAYS - Method and apparatus for illuminating and imaging tissue is provided. In one version, the method includes illuminating a volume of a tissue with photons from a three-dimensional array of optical emitters inserted into the tissue. In another version, the method includes detecting photons from a volume of a tissue using a three-dimensional array of optical detectors inserted into the tissue. A probe device for illuminating tissue and/or detecting photons emitted from tissue includes elongated microsized probes containing optical emitters and optical detectors in a three dimensional array.04-04-2013
20090156943FIBER OPTIC BASED DETECTION OF AUTOFLUORESCENT BACTERIAL PATHOGENS - Disclosed are methods and devices for continuous in vivo monitoring of a potential bacterial infection site. Disclosed devices may be utilized to alert patients and/or health care providers to the presence of pathogenic bacteria at an early stage of a hospital acquired infection, thereby providing for earlier intervention and improved recovery rates from bacterial infection. Disclosed methods utilize optical fibers to deliver an excitation signal to an area in which pathogenic bacteria may exist. In the presence of the excitation signal, bacterial pathogens may autofluoresce with a unique spectral signature. Upon generation of a fluorescent emission, an optically detectable emission signal may be transmitted to a detection/analysis device. Analysis of the characteristics of the emission signal produced in response to the excitation signal may be used to determine the presence or concentration of pathogens at the site of inquiry, following which real time information may be transmitted to medical personnel via a wireless transmission system.06-18-2009
20090156942Resonance Energy Transfer Based Detection of Nosocomial Infection - Disclosed herein are methods and devices for detection of hospital acquired infections. Disclosed methods may be utilized for continuous in vivo monitoring of a potential infection site or for periodic in vitro monitoring of tissue or fluid from a patient and may be utilized to alert patients and/or health care providers to the presence of a pathogen at an early stage of infection. Disclosed methods utilize fluorophore pairs that optically interact with one another according to Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET) or bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) mechanism. One member of the pair or a cofactor that interacts with an enzyme to form a member of the pair may be tethered to a device by a substrate that is specific for an enzyme expressed by a targeted pathogen. Upon interaction of the enzyme with the substrate, an optically detectable signal may be altered or initiated, detection of which may then provide information as to the existence of the pathogen at the site.06-18-2009
20130090563INTRAVASCULAR TEMPERATURE MONITORING SYSTEM - A system for monitoring one or more temperatures at a vessel wall of a vessel of a patient includes an optical fiber, an optical read-out mechanism, and a therapeutic device. The optical fiber may be deployed along an extent of the vessel and may include one or more fiber Bragg grating (FBG) temperature sensors disposed at one or more corresponding sensor locations along a length of the optical fiber. The optical read-out mechanism may be optically coupled to the optical fiber, and it may be configured to transmit light into the optical fiber and detect light reflected from the one or more FBG temperature sensors. The detected light reflected from the one or more FBG temperature sensors may encode local temperatures at each of the one or more corresponding sensor locations. The therapeutic device may be configured for performing a therapeutic procedure to or through the vessel wall.04-11-2013
20090326385OBTAINING OPTICAL TISSUE PROPERTIES - This application describes a medical device (12-31-2009
20090312646OPTICAL DETECTION OF SEIZURE, A PRE-SEIZURE STATE, AND CEREBRAL EDEMA AND OPTICAL FIBER DETECTION OF THE SAME - A method for using optical parameters to monitor for a physiological event and/or a state prior to the physiological event includes the steps of: illuminating neural tissue with diagnostic light of a predetermined frequency at a predetermined location; detecting magnitude of optical scattering by neural tissue of the diagnostic light as a function of time; and determining a signature signal of the optical scattering of the diagnostic light before the physiological event in the neural tissue becomes clinically manifested. An apparatus includes a source of diagnostic light of a predetermined frequency for illuminating neural tissue at a predetermined location, a detector of optical scattering and/or optical absorption by neural tissue of the diagnostic light as a function of time, and a signal processor for determining a signature signal of the optical scattering and/or optical absorption of the diagnostic light before the physiological event becomes clinically manifested.12-17-2009
20090306522Method and Apparatus for Detecting Abnormal Living Tissue - Light scattering and absorption techniques for the detection of possible abnormal living tissue. Apparatus and methods for utilizing multiple blood content detection sensors and/or contact sensors for beneficially providing data to better guide an endoscope or colonoscope to locate abnormal tissue, tumors, or tissues that precede the development of such lesions or tumors.12-10-2009
20120220879Catheter and Catheter Arrangement - A catheter, in particular an ablation catheter, comprising force sensors integrated in a distal section, which are designed and disposed to measure the magnitude and direction of an external force acting on the distal section, and which can be connected to a signal processing unit for the combined processing of measurement signals, wherein a single FBG fiber fastened in a sensor holder is provided in the catheter and comprises three force sensor regions forming the force sensors which interact for the combined processing of measurement signals.08-30-2012
20110015529METHYLENE BLUE BASED FIBRED FLUORESCENCE MICROSCOPY - The invention relates to a method for the fabric using an acquisition system that includes at acquisition of in-vivo fluorescence imaging from a least one optical fibre exciting the fabric by scanning light beam. According to the invention, the system is used to detect fluorescence signals emitted by the Methylene Blue present in the fabric.01-20-2011
20130066215APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OBTAINING AND PROVIDING IMAGING INFORMATION ASSOCIATED WITH AT LEAST ONE PORTION OF A SAMPLE, AND EFFECTING SUCH PORTION(S) - Exemplary apparatus and process can be provided for imaging information associated with at least one portion of a sample. For example, (i) first different wavelengths of at least one first electro-magnetic radiation can be provided within a first wavelength range provided on the portion of the sample so as to determine at least one first transverse location of the portion, and (ii) second different wavelengths of at least one second electro-magnetic radiation within a second wavelength range can be provided on the portion so as to determine at least one second transverse location of the portion. The first and second ranges can east partially overlap on the portion. Further, a relative phase between at least one third electro-magnetic radiation electro-magnetic radiation being returned from the sample and at least one fourth electro-magnetic radiation returned from a reference can be obtained to determine a relative depth location of the portion.03-14-2013
20120116234SHARP FIBROUS NEEDLE PROBE FOR THE IN-DEPTH OPTICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF TUMOURS BY ENDOGENOUS FLUORESCENCE - An optical sharp fibrous needle probe includes an optical fibre in a hollow needle ending in a cutting point. The optical fibre is inserted and bonded in the hollow of the needle and then polished to take on the exact needle cutting shape. The material to be explored is pricked by the needle. A light injection and recovery device is placed at the inlet of the fibre. The material located at the sharp end of the needle backscatters the incident light and generates an endogenous fluorescence signal. A part of this luminous flux is recovered by the point of the needle and sent back to the injection and recovery device. The same analyses the light in strength, duration and wavelength and enables a diagnostics without taking the in-depth explored material. An optical telemeter placed on the outer tip of the needle enables the depth of the explored area to be known.05-10-2012
20090012407Spectroscopy of Deeply-Scattered Light - A spectroscope includes first and second beam redirectors in optical communication with first and second fibers respectively. The first and second beam redirectors are oriented to illuminate respective first and second areas. The second area is separated from the first area by a separation distance that exceeds the separation distance between the first and second beam redirectors.01-08-2009
20090012406METHOD AND SYSTEM OF USING INTRINSIC-BASED PHOTOSENSING WITH HIGH-SPEED LINE SCANNING FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL THICK TISSUE INCLUDING MUSCLE - Biological thick tissue such as skeletal and cardiac muscle is imaged by inserting a probe into the tissue and scanning the tissue at a sufficiently fast rate to mitigate motion artifacts due to physiological motion. According to one example embodiment, such a probe is part of a system that is capable of reverse-direction high-resolution imaging without staining or otherwise introducing a foreign element used to generate or otherwise increase the sensed light. The probe includes a light generator for generating light pulses that are directed towards structures located within the thick tissue. The light pulses interact with intrinsic characteristics of the structures to generate a signal such as SHG or intrinsic fluorescence. Reliance on intrinsic characteristics of the structures is particularly useful for applications in which the introduction of foreign substances to the thick tissue is undesirable.01-08-2009
20090012405Imaging system - An imaging system 01-08-2009
20090099460Method and device for the optical spectroscopic identification of cervical cancer - A medical examination device used for the detection of pre-cancerous and cancerous tissue has an illumination source, a visualization unit, a contacting optical probe, a detector and a process unit. One embodiment of the apparatus includes both a non-contacting macroscopic viewing device (the visualization unit) for visualizing an interior surface of the cervix, as well as a fiber optic wand (contacting optical probe) for spectrally analyzing a microscopic view of the tissue.04-16-2009
20100268091FLUORESCENCE IMAGING APPARATUS AND ENDOSCOPE APPARATUS - A site to be observed, such as a lesion, is easily observed by means of bright fluorescence images without increasing the output of a light source. Provided is a fluorescence imaging apparatus (10-21-2010
20100113942OPTICAL IMAGING PROBE CONNECTOR - An elongated optical guidewire assembly, such as for optically imaging a patient from within another catheter, can have a lead portion and a probe portion. A connector between the lead and probe portions can include a bore including first and second bore ends. The first bore end can include a substantially circular cross-sectional profile. The second bore end can include a substantially non-circular cross-sectional profile. The bore can be configured to receive the optical guidewire assembly at the first bore end and configured to deform the optical guidewire assembly at the second bore end such that probe and lead ends of the optical guidewire assembly are deformed into a substantially non-circular profile and located between the first and second bore ends.05-06-2010
20100113941 OPTICAL DEVICE FOR ASSESSING OPTICAL DEPTH IN A SAMPLE - The present invention relates to an optical device for assessing optical depth (D) in a sample (05-06-2010
20100286530Photodynamic-based tissue sensing device and method - A system and method for diagnosis or treatment of tissue is provided. One or more optic fibers are disposed within a deformable, tubular body. An electronic control unit activates an electromagnetic radiation source to direct a first set of electromagnetic radiation through a first optic fiber to the tissue. The unit also receives a signal generated by an electromagnetic radiation sensor in response to a second set of electromagnetic radiation received through the first optic or a second fiber. The second set of electromagnetic radiation originates from the tissue in response to the first set of electromagnetic radiation and may be reflected or emitted by a substance contained in the tissue that alters radiation characteristics of the tissue. Finally, the unit is configured to determine a characteristic of the tissue (e.g. the distance from the tissue to the tubular body) responsive to the signal.11-11-2010
20100292582TISSUE PROBE WITH SPEED CONTROL - A single use needle-like probe contains optical fibers to deliver and collect light at the distal tip of the needle-like probe. The single use needle-like probe may connect to a handpiece that may contain sensors to monitor how the probe is being used. Sensors within the handpiece may, e.g., include a force sensor and a position sensor that detect the depth of the probe in tissue. The handpiece may include a mechanism for limiting the maximum probe velocity. The handpiece may be connected through a cable to a control unit that may include light sources, optical detectors, control electronics and one or more microprocessors to analyze the data collected.11-18-2010
20120143065SYSTEM AND METHOD USEFUL FOR SARCOMERE IMAGING VIA OBJECTIVE-BASED MICROSCOPY - Biological tissue such as skeletal and cardiac muscle can be imaged by using an objective-based probe in the tissue and scanning at a sufficiently fast rate to mitigate motion artifacts due to physiological motion. According to one example embodiment, such a probe is part of a system that is capable of reverse-direction high-resolution imaging without needing to stain or otherwise introduce a foreign element used to generate or otherwise increase the sensed light. The probe can include a light generator for generating light pulses that are directed towards structures located within the thick tissue. The system can additionally include aspects that lessen adverse image-quality degradation. Further, the system can additionally be constructed as a hand-held device.06-07-2012
20090275842STABILIZATION OF VISUALIZATION CATHETERS - Systems for the stabilization of visualization catheters are described herein which facilitate the deployment and retraction of an imaging hood from a catheter. Such systems may include a deployment catheter and an imaging hood having one or more structural elements which may be integrated or advanced into the hood independently of the hood itself. Moreover, additional features such as rapid exchange ports may be integrated along the hood or along the catheter proximal to the hood to facilitate intravascular procedures and treatments.11-05-2009
20090299196System and Method for Large Field of View, Single Cell Analysis - A method and system for medical imaging employs an excitation source configured to cause an object having a plurality of cells to at least one of emit, reflect, and fluoresce light. An optical receptor is employed that is configured to receive the light from the object. A filter assembly receives the light from the optical receptor and filters the light. An image processor having a field of view (FOV) substantially greater than a diameter of a cell of the object and an analysis resolution substantially matched to the diameter of a cell of the object that receives the filtered light from the filter and analyzes the filtered light corresponding to each cell in the FOV. A feedback system is provided that is configured to provide an indication of a state of each cell in the FOV and a location of a cell in the FOV meeting a predetermined condition.12-03-2009
20080281209Optical Device - The present invention provides an optical device which comprises a light guide incorporating a Bragg grating. The apparatus also comprises a moveable wall portion which is coupled to the Bragg grating so that a movement of the wall portion causes a force that effects a change in strain of the Bragg grating and thereby effects a change in an optical period of the Bragg grating. A temperature related change in the optical period of the Bragg grating is reduced by a temperature related change in the force on the Bragg grating by the moveable wall portion.11-13-2008
20080287810Miniature actuator mechanism for intravascular optical imaging - The present invention relates to a new intravascular imaging device based on a Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuator mechanism embedded inside an elongate member such as a guide wire or catheter. The present invention utilizes a novel SMA mechanism to provide side-looking imaging by providing movement for an optical coherence tomography (OCT) element. This novel SMA actuator mechanism can be easily fabricated in micro-scale, providing an advantage over existing imaging devices by offering the ability to miniaturize the overall size of the device. Because the device does not require a rotating shaft or fiber optic along the length of the catheter, it also allows for a more flexible catheter or guide wire, and provides room for other interventional devices. The device simplifies the manufacture and operation of OCT by allowing a straight fiber optic directed by an independent, oscillating reflector or prism controlled by the actuator mechanism located only in the distal tip of the device. A variation uses the actuator mechanism to rotate only the distal end of the optical fiber, eliminating the need to spin the entire fiber via a remote mechanism. Also disclosed are methods of using the same.11-20-2008
20080312540System and Method for Normalized Flourescence or Bioluminescence Imaging - A system and method provide normalized fluorescence epi-illumination images and normalized fluorescence transillumination images. The normalization can be used to improve two-dimensional (planar) fluorescence epi-illumination images and two-dimensional (planar) fluorescence transillumination images. The system and method can also provide normalized bioluminescence epi-illumination images and normalized bioluminescence transillumination images. In some arrangements, the system and method can provide imagine of small animals, into-operative imaging, endoscopic imaging, and/or imaging of hollow organs.12-18-2008
20120296218FLUORESCENCE ENDOSCOPE DEVICE - Provided is a fluorescence endoscope device that includes a light source; an image generating portion that captures an image of fluorescence generated at a subject due to irradiation with excitation light from the light source to obtain a fluorescence image and that captures an image of return light returning from the subject due to irradiation with reference light to obtain a reference image; an image-correcting portion that corrects the fluorescence image using the reference image to generate a corrected fluorescence image; an effective-area defining portion that defines an effective area having a brightness in a predetermined variation range in the corrected fluorescence image; a region-extracting portion that extracts a high-brightness region having a brightness higher than or equal to the predetermined threshold in the corrected fluorescence image; and an indication portion that shows whether or not the high-brightness region exists inside the effective area in an identifiable manner.11-22-2012
20090062662Optical spectroscopic device for the identification of cervical cancer - A medical examination device used for the detection of pre-cancerous and cancerous tissue has an illumination source, a visualization unit, a contacting optical probe, a detector and a process unit. One embodiment of the apparatus includes both a non-contacting macroscopic viewing device (the visualization unit) for visualizing an interior surface of the cervix, as well as a fiber optic wand (contacting optical probe) for spectrally analyzing a microscopic view of the tissue.03-05-2009
20090137910ORGAN OXYGENATION STATE MONITOR AND METHOD - One aspect of the invention provides a patient tissue state monitoring system with a light source; a light detector; a probe adapted to be inserted into a patient to transmit light from the light source to an organ tissue site and to direct light from the organ tissue site to the detector; and a processor programmed to determine tissue state with respect to a tissue site pre-dysoxia point from a fluorescence emission detected by the detector (such as by determining tissue NADH concentration) and to provide an indication of tissue state through an output device (such as by displaying a numerical value corresponding to the fluorescence emission). Another aspect of the invention provides a method of monitoring a patient tissue state including the following steps: monitoring an aerobic energy production level of an organ tissue site (such as tissue within the patient's gastro-intestinal tract, bladder and/or urethra); determining tissue state with respect to a tissue site pre-dysoxia point from the monitored aerobic energy production level; and providing an output of the tissue state (such as by displaying a numerical value corresponding to the fluorescence emission).05-28-2009
20110112410OPTICAL PROBE, DRIVE CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR, AND ENDOSCOPE APPARATUS - An optical probe, comprising: 05-12-2011
20130218027IMAGING DEVICE AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME - In one embodiment, a medical device includes a first optical fiber, a second optical fiber, a third optical fiber, and a fourth optical fiber. The first optical fiber is operatively coupled to a first electromagnetic radiation source and is configured to transmit electromagnetic radiation to bodily tissue. The second optical fiber is configured to receive electromagnetic radiation from the first electromagnetic radiation source scattered by the bodily tissue. The third optical fiber is operatively coupled to a second electromagnetic radiation source and is configured to transmit electromagnetic radiation to bodily tissue. The second electromagnetic radiation source is different than the first electromagnetic radiation source. The fourth optical fiber is configured to receive electromagnetic radiation from the second electromagnetic radiation source scattered by the bodily tissue.08-22-2013
20080306391MULTISENSOR PROBE FOR TISSUE IDENTIFICATION - A multisensor probe for continuous real-time tissue identification. The multisensor probe includes a tissue penetrating needle, a plurality of sensors useful in characterizing tissue and a position sensor to measure the depth of the needle into the tissue being diagnosed. The sensors include but are not limited to an optical scattering and absorption spectroscopy sensor, an optical coherence domain reflectometry sensor, an electrical impedance sensor, a temperature sensor, a pO12-11-2008
20090054791Microendoscopy With Corrective Optics - Micro-optical imaging is facilitated. According to an example embodiment, a micro-optical probe arrangement includes a GRIN-type lens probe to direct light to and from a specimen. Compensation optics tailored to the probe and aberrations introduced by the lens are located in a light path through the lens, and compensate for the introduced aberrations. A light detector detects light from the specimen, as facilitated by the compensation optics, and generates data characterizing an image of the specimen.02-26-2009
20090099459Device, System And Method For Determining The Effect Of Photodynamic Or Photothermal Tumor Therapy - A device and method for determining the effect of therapy in a tumour tissue of a human or a mammal under interstitial photodynamic or photothermal therapy by analyzing a liquid flow in a tissue of a human or a mammal. A first fibre is interstitially inserted in a first position of said tissue and connected to a light source, and a second fibre is interstitially inserted in a second position of said tissue for receiving light emitted from the first fibre. A detector is arranged for receiving the light from said second fibre for producing an output signal. An analysator receives the output signal from the detector and determines if there is a frequency component in the frequency area below about 1 MHz in the output signal, which is indicative of blood cell movement in the tissue. If the frequency component is below a threshold value, it is determined that there is no blood flow. In photothermal therapy, no blood flow is interpreted as the fact that the blood has coagulated and the therapy may be finalized. In photodynamic tumour therapy, changes in blood flow may be used to evaluate the treatment progression.04-16-2009
20110230770Catheter Probe Arrangement for Tissue Analysis by Radiant Energy Delivery and Radiant Energy Collection - A catheter tip apparatus arranged in a catheter for the delivery and collection of a light-energy signal to permit subsequent computerized analysis of body tissue by the collected signal. The apparatus comprises an elongated housing supporting a first reflective surface and a second reflective surface. The first reflective surface and the second reflective surface are longitudinally spaced apart from one another. A first flexible, elongated energy bearing delivery fiber has a distalmost end arranged adjacent the first reflective surface. A second flexible, elongated energy bearing collection fiber has a distalmost end arranged adjacent the second reflective surface. The housing is rotatably supported on a flexible catheter sheath for insertion of the catheter into a mammalian body for tissue analysis thereof.09-22-2011
20090240154COMBINED OCT CATHETER DEVICE AND METHOD FOR COMBINED OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY (OCT) DIAGNOSIS AND PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY (PDT) - In a catheter device and a method for in vivo activation of a photosensitizing drug in a vessel, endovascular tissue, and/or intraluminal tissue, a catheter carrying both an optical coherence tomography (OCT) lens, from which OCT imaging light is emitted, and a photodynamic therapy (PDT) lens from which photosensitizing drug-activating light is emitted, is inserted into a vessel containing a lesion to be treated. A photosensitizing drug is caused to be placed in the vessel as well, such as in the form of a coating on a stent or a coating on an exterior of a balloon carried by the catheter. Light is emitted from the PDT lens to activate the photosensitizing drug while light is simultaneously emitted from the OCT lens to obtain an OCT image to monitor the drug activation.09-24-2009
20120197136SELF-PUNCTURING PERCUTANEOUS OPTICAL SENSOR FOR OPTICAL SENSING OF INTRAVASCULAR FLUID - The present invention is directed to a self-penetrating percutaneous optical sensing device for obtaining and transmitting optical signal from intravascular fluid in a blood vessel, the device comprising: (a) an elongated hollow rigid sensor sheath 08-02-2012
20100262020PROBE APPARATUS FOR RECOGNIZING ABNORMAL TISSUE - The present invention relates to probe apparatuses and component combinations thereof that are used to recognize possibly abnormal living tissue using a detected early increase in microvascular blood supply and corresponding applications. In one embodiment there is disclosed an apparatus that emits broadband light obtained from a light source onto microvasculature of tissue disposed within a human body and receives interacted light that is obtained from interaction of the broadband light with the microvasculature for transmission to a receiver. Different further embodiments include combinations of optical fibers, polarizers and lenses that assist in the selection of a predetermined depth profile of interacted light. In another embodiment, a kit apparatus is described that has various probe tips and/or light transmission elements that provide for various combinations of predetermined depth profiles of interacted light. In a further embodiment, a method of making a spectral data probe for depth range detection selectivity for detection of blood within microvasculature of tissue is described.10-14-2010
20100217131MULTI-CHANNEL CATHETER TIP - A tip assembly for a catheter includes a housing having a recess that receives an optical bench. The optical bench accommodates adjacent fibers, one of which is in optical communication with a first beam re-director. The first beam re-director is oriented to cause a beam incident thereon to travel in a direction away from the optical bench. An engaging structure coupled to the optical bench provides torque coupling between the housing and an end of a torque cable extending axially along the catheter.08-26-2010
20100241008ECCENTRIC PRESSURE CATHETER WITH GUIDEWIRE COMPATIBILITY - There is herein described a catheter for measuring a pressure in a cardiovascular system. The catheter comprises: a guiding tube adapted for insertion into the cardiovascular system. The guiding tube defines a lumen for sliding a guidewire therethrough. The catheter further comprises a tip pressure sensor eccentrically mounted relative to the guiding tube and a signal communication means extending therefrom. The tip pressure sensor is for sensing a pressure in the cardiovascular system and the signal communicating means is for transmitting a signal indicative of the pressure to a processing device in order to obtain a pressure measurement reading.09-23-2010
20100198081Scanning light imager - This invention describes the detection of atherosclerotic plaque or cancer cells by a light probe inside a blood vessel or internal to an elongate organ. In one embodiment, vessel wall is imaged by employing a scanning mechanism using one emitting and one receiving fiber, whereby light is directed at a spinning mirror, approximately normal to the vessel or elongate organ surface. The light is reflected circumferentially around the vessel or elongate organ surface as the mirror rotates and received by a low-numerical aperture (NA) fiber, which transmits it to a light detector, thereby generating a set of light amplitudes circumferentially around the vessel/elongate organ surface. Multiple rings are acquired by translating the probe within the vessel/elongate organ. In another embodiment, adding a piezoelectric transducer in proximity to the distal ends of the fibers permits simultaneous ultrasound and light images to be created.08-05-2010
20090318816LIGHT CATHETER FOR ILLUMINATING TISSUE STRUCTURES - A system for the illumination of tissue structures including tubular structures within the body and a method for the use of the system. The system includes a transparent, biocompatible catheter and a light source.12-24-2009
20110112409ROTATING CATHETER PROBE USING A LIGHT-DRIVE APPARATUS - The invention is a rotating tip catheter-imaging probe where electromagnetic energy is delivered to the distal end of a catheter and converted to mechanical energy using a light drive apparatus. The mechanical energy is then used to rotate a mirror that redirects light in fixed pattern on a sample. The rotating element of the light drive apparatus contains vanes, which rotate about an axis and positioned with bearings to minimize friction. A chamber encompasses the rotating element and is set to a vacuum pressure. The rotational speed of the catheter tip can be controlled by varying the optical power delivered to the vanes, the vacuum pressure in the chamber, or by a braking mechanism applied to the rotating element. The vanes may be shaped in a particular geometry to increase forces on the vanes from thermally driven gas flow.05-12-2011
20110087112Medical apparatus system having optical fiber load sensing - Apparatus is provided for diagnosing or treating an organ or vessel, wherein a device having at optical fiber contact force sensors disposed in a distal extremity thereof and a deflection mechanism configured to deflect the elongate body at a location proximal of the distal extremity. The optical fiber contact force sensors are configured to be coupled to processing logic programmed which computes a force vector responsive to detected changes in the optical characteristics of the optical fiber contact force sensors arising from deflection of the distal extremity resulting from contact with the tissue of the wall of the organ or vessel.04-14-2011
20120035484USE OF A SYSTEM FOR IMAGING BY FIBER-OPTIC CONFOCAL FLUORESCENCE IN VIVO IN SITU, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMAGING BY FIBER-OPTIC CONFOCAL FLUORESCENCE IN VIVO IN SITU - A method for imaging a tissue includes collecting a light signal from at least part of said tissue, using a fiber optic probe for fluorescence imaging, wherein the fiber optic probe comprises a plurality of optic fibers, and wherein a distal tip of the fiber optic probe is placed at a distance from said tissue, said imaging being made confocal at a proximal tip of said fiber optic probe. A fluorescence imaging system includes an endoscope equipped with a working channel, in which a fiber optic probe has been inserted, wherein the fiber optic probe is movable between a retracted position and at least one position of extension, said fiber optic probe comprising a plurality of optic fibers for performing imaging of a tissue, said imaging being confocal via a processor located at a proximal tip of said fiber optic probe.02-09-2012
20100063404BIOPOLYMER OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method of manufacturing a biopolymer optical waveguide includes providing a biopolymer, unwinding the biopolymer progressively to extract individual biopolymer fibers, and putting the unwound fibers under tension. The tensioned fibers are then cast in a different polymer to form a biopolymer optical waveguide that guides light due to the difference in indices of refraction between the biopolymer and the different polymer. The optical fibers may be used in biomedical applications and can be inserted in the body as transmissive media. Printing techniques may be used to manufacture the biopolymer optical waveguides.03-11-2010
20100069760METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING AND LOCALLY TREATING A BODY LUMEN - A method and apparatus for analyzing and treating internal lumens is provided. The apparatus includes a catheterized device integrating an optical probe and local treatment delivery system. The probe component includes fiber optic lines that can be used in conjunction with visible and/or near infrared spectroscopy to analyze various characteristics of tissues, including chemical, blood, and oxygen content, in order to locate those tissues associated with diseased lumens, to determine the best location for applying treatment, and to monitor treatment and its effects. Physically integrated with the probe component is a treatment component for delivering localized treatments including stem cells, antibiotics, gene therapy, neoplasty, and sclerosant drugs, etc. A control system coordinates operation of the catheter, including performing chemometric analysis with the use of model data, and for providing control and visual feedback to an operator.03-18-2010
20110251494NEEDLE WITH OPTICAL FIBERS - Needle interventions are widely used in the field of oncology for taking biopsies of tissue in order to inspect whether tissue is cancerous or not. To make these interventions more reliable feedback of what kind of tissue is in front of the needle is required. A way to achieve this is by making use of optical spectroscopy. This requires integration of fibers into the needle. These fibers are used to deliver light to illuminate the tissue in front of the needle and to collect back the reflected light from the tissue. The present invention proposes to integrate the fiber distal ends in the slanted bevel of the needle in such a way that at least one source-detector fiber pair has a distance that is larger than the outer diameter of the needle.10-13-2011
20110009752ENDOSCOPIC LONG RANGE FOURIER DOMAIN OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY (LR-FD-OCT) - An endoscopic swept-source Fourier Domain optical coherence tomographic system (FDOCT system) for imaging of tissue structure includes a Fourier Domain mode locked (FDML), high speed, narrow line-width, wavelength swept source, an OCT interferometer having a sample arm, a reference arm, a detection arm, and a source arm coupled to the swept source, an endoscopic probe coupled to the sample arm, and a data processing circuit coupled to the detection arm. The swept source includes a long optic fiber functioning as a cavity, a high optical gain lasing module, and a tunable narrow bandwidth bandpass filter for wavelength selection combined to form a unidirectional ring laser cavity, where the tunable narrow bandwidth bandpass filter is driven synchronously with the optical round-trip time of a propagating light wave in the cavity.01-13-2011
20120302893FLUORESCENCE ENDOSCOPE DEVICE - Provided is a fluorescence endoscope device that includes a light source; an image generating portion that captures an image of fluorescence generated at a subject due to irradiation with excitation light to obtain a fluorescence image and that captures an image of return light returning from the subject due to irradiation with white light to obtain a white-light image; a dividing portion that divides the fluorescence image by the white-light image to generate a divided fluorescence image; a coordinate extracting portion that extracts a second region of the divided fluorescence image having a gradation value higher than a second threshold; a fluorescence-image correcting portion that extracts a first region having a gradation value higher than a first threshold in the fluorescence image and generates a corrected fluorescence image in which an overlap region that overlaps the second region is extracted; and a monitor that displays the corrected fluorescence image.11-29-2012
20100121202SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR POSITIONING A PROBE - An adapter couples a length of optical fiber to a hollow probe and to an optical coherence tomography instrument. The length of optical fiber may be greater than the length of the adapter itself. The optical fiber is fixed to an optical coupler at a proximal end of the adapter and may be maintained in a curved configuration by features located in an internal cavity of the adapter. An optical fiber advance mechanism be used to advance and/or retract the length of optical fiber to align it within the hollow probe.05-13-2010
20110137180Systems and Methods for Fitting a Cochlear Implant System to a Patient Based on Stapedius Displacement - An exemplary system includes an implantable cochlear stimulator configured to be implanted within a patient, a sound processor communicatively coupled to the implantable cochlear stimulator and configured to direct the implantable cochlear stimulator to generate and apply electrical stimulation to one or more stimulation sites within a cochlea of the patient, and a displacement sensor assembly configured to measure a displacement of the stapedius of the patient that occurs in response to the application of the electrical stimulation and transmit displacement data representative of the measured displacement to the sound processor. Corresponding systems and methods are also disclosed.06-09-2011
20080214940MEDICAL IMAGING LENS SYSTEM, AND METHOD WITH HIGH-EFFICIENCY LIGHT COLLECTION AND COLLINEAR ILLUMINATION - We have discovered an improved lens system for biomedical optical imaging applications for collecting light from tissue with an improved efficiency and geometry, and for delivering collinear, pre-aligned illumination to a the sample, for the purpose of enabling imaging applications in which a catadioptric lens and mirror system (09-04-2008
20110190640Pressure sensor with an interferometric sensor and an in-fiber Bragg grating reference sensor - A pressure sensor (08-04-2011
20110178413INTRAVASCULAR OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM WITH PRESSURE MONITORING INTERFACE AND ACCESSORIES - An optical coherence tomography system and method with integrated pressure measurement. In one embodiment the system includes an interferometer including: a wavelength swept laser; a source arm in communication with the wavelength swept laser; a reference arm in communication with a reference reflector; a first photodetector having a signal output; a detector arm in communication with the first photodetector, a probe interface; a sample arm in communication with a first optical connector of the probe interface; an acquisition and display system comprising: an A/D converter having a signal input in communication with the first photodetector signal output and a signal output; a processor system in communication with the A/D converter signal output; and a display in communication with the processor system; and a probe comprising a pressure sensor and configured for connection to the first optical connector of the probe interface, wherein the pressure transducer comprises an optical pressure transducer.07-21-2011
20110218445NEEDLE WITH INTEGRATED FIBERS - Needles equipped with fibres allow tissue inspection based on optical spectroscopy to diagnose whether tissue is cancerous or not. This requires integration of optical fibers into needles. The problem is how to manufacture the needle having at least one fiber exit at the distal end of the needle, where the fiber does not obstruct the hollow part of the needle if present as well as does not extend beyond the outer cylinder geometry. To solve this problem we propose to manufacture the needle consisting of four parts: an inner cylinder tube, an outer hollow cylinder tube, a needle tip part with integrated fiber exit and a holder part, wherein the hollow spacing between the inner and the outer cylinder is larger or equal to the outer diameter of the fibers, the inner and the outer cylinder are mounted in the holder part and where the tip part is mounted on the two cylinders.09-08-2011
20110118611Module mounting mirror endoscopy - The present invention is directed to a two-dimensional scanning arrangement for a laser vein-illumination device that includes a base and a frame connected to the base using at least one flexible hinge. The hinge allows the frame to move angularly with respect to the base in a first direction. The invention further includes a means for exciting angular oscillations of the frame at or near said frame's resonant frequency. An elastic torsional element having a proximal end rigidly attached to said frame and a distal end rigidly attached to a mirror is also included. The torsional element allows the mirror to move angularly with respect to the frame in a second direction, generally perpendicular to the first direction. There may also be a means for exciting the angular oscillations of the mirror.05-19-2011
20090043211MEMS BASED OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY PROBE - A micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) probe package is provided including a first reflective element receiving a light beam directed into to the probe package and a second reflective element receiving light directed from the first reflective element. The second reflective element directs light in an optical path extending from the probe package. At least one of the reflective elements includes a MEMS mirror. An embodiment of the package is made with a monolithic housing having mounting surfaces formed therein for aligning the first reflective element with the second reflective element. The monolithic housing also includes a mounting surface for aligning at least one lens with at least one of the reflective elements.02-12-2009
20110021926CATHETER-BASED OFF-AXIS OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY IMAGING SYSTEM - Catheter-based Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) systems utilizing an optical fiber that is positioned off-axis of the central longitudinal axis of the catheter have many advantage over catheter-based OCT systems, particularly those having centrally-positioned optical fibers or fibers that rotate independently of the elongate body of the catheter. An OCT system having an off-axis optical fiber for visualizing the inside of a body lumen may be rotated with the body of the elongate catheter, relative to a handle portion. The handle may include a fiber management pathway for the optical fiber that permits the off-axis optical fiber to rotate with the catheter body relative to the handle. The system may also include optical processing elements adapted to prepare and process the OCT image collected by the off-axis catheter systems described herein.01-27-2011
20120078118SINUS ILLUMINATION LIGHTWIRE DEVICE - An illuminating wire medical device may include an elongate flexible housing and an illuminating fiber and a core wire extending through at least part of the housing, the core wire providing desired pushability and torquability. The illuminating device may further include a connector assembly cooperating with the illuminating fiber to accommodate changes in length, to absorb forces applied during use of the device and to channel errant light away from the illuminating fibers of the device.03-29-2012
20110066035TEMPERATURE PROFILE MAPPING AND GUIDED THERMOTHERAPY - Techniques, apparatus and systems that use an optical probe head to deliver light to a target and to collect light from the target for imaging and monitoring a target while a separate radiation is applied to treat the target.03-17-2011
20100094138Imaging catheter using laser profile for plaque depth measurement - A device, system, and method for measuring the depth of a material layer such as a blood vessel plaque layer is disclosed. A fiber optic bundle housed in a balloon catheter projects a laser dot toward a conical mirror, which reflects the dot perpendicularly onto the surface of the plaque. The laser dot is reflected back from the plaque layer with a substantially Gaussian intensity profile. The conical mirror directs the reflected image back to the fiber optic bundle, which delivers the image to a sensor. The depth of the plaque layer can be determined by comparing the diameter of the image intensity profile to a pre-obtained normalized data set.04-15-2010
20090131802Contact sensor for fiberoptic raman probes - The present invention relates to an optical contact sensor for a spectroscopic probe. The sensor detects contact of the distal end of a fiber optic probe to a surface being measured. The system can be used to correct Raman spectral measurements of tissue.05-21-2009
20090131801SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR OPTICAL IMAGING OF LUMINAL ANATOMIC STRUCTURES - Exemplary embodiments of an apparatus for obtaining data for at least one portion within at least one luminal or hollow sample can be provided. For example, the exemplary apparatus can include a first optical arrangement configured to transceive at least one electromagnetic radiation to and from the portion. A second arrangement may be provided that can at least partially enclose the first arrangement. At least one third arrangement may be provided which is configured to be actuated so as to expand, at least in part, beyond a periphery of the second arrangement. Such exemplary third arrangement can be structured to facilitate a fluid flow and/or a gas flow therethrough. Further, a fourth arrangement may be provided which can be structured to (i) actuate a particular number of the third arrangement and/or (ii) adjust a distance between at least two outer portions of the third arrangement. According to one exemplary embodiment, the third arrangement can be a plurality of the third arrangements.05-21-2009
20120232408Method and Apparatus for Cervical Cancer Screening - The present invention relates to an apparatus for cervical cancer screening, comprising one or more light sources aligned with a beginning of a first optical test path and a beginning of a second optical test path, one or more optical detectors aligned with an end of the first optical test path and an end of the second optical test path, and a processor coupled to the one or more light sources and the one or more optical detectors and methods for using the same. The present invention further relates to a method for cervical cancer screening.09-13-2012
20120220880OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPIC DEVICE FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF CERVICAL CANCER - A medical examination device used for the detection of pre-cancerous and cancerous tissue has an illumination source, a visualization unit, a contacting optical probe, a detector and a process unit. One embodiment of the apparatus includes both a non-contacting macroscopic viewing device (the visualization unit) for visualizing an interior surface of the cervix, as well as a fiber optic wand (contacting optical probe) for spectrally analyzing a microscopic view of the tissue.08-30-2012
20120136259POLARIZATION-SENSITIVE SPECTRAL INTERFEROMETRY - A polarization sensitive spectral interferometer apparatus and method for analyzing a sample by optical energy reflected from the sample. The polarization sensitive spectral interferometer apparatus and method determines polarization properties of the sample by optical energy reflected from the sample.05-31-2012
20100174197BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION IMAGING APPARATUS - A living body information imaging apparatus includes a member that is adapted to be introduced into an interior of a living body and has a light irradiation portion for irradiating light with an angle of irradiation equal to or more than 2π steradian to the interior of the living body, and a signal detector that is arranged outside the living body and detects a signal output based on light irradiation in the interior of the living body by the member having the light irradiation portion.07-08-2010
20100036262FLUORESCENCE ENDOSCOPE APPARATUS - The effect of noise light originating in a light guide portion is removed by simple calculations, and a clear fluorescence image that facilitates distinction between lesion tissue and normal tissue is acquired. Provided is a fluorescence endoscope apparatus including an insertion portion inserted into a body cavity; a light source unit that is disposed at a base end of the insertion portion and that emits excitation light and reference light that contains at least a part of the wavelength band of fluorescence produced by the excitation light; a light guide portion that guides the excitation light and the reference light emitted from the light source unit to a distal end of the insertion portion; an irradiation control unit that switches between a first irradiation state in which the excitation light guided by the light guide portion is radiated onto an inner wall of the body cavity and a second irradiation state in which the reference light is radiated onto the inner wall of the body cavity; an image-acquisition unit that acquires reflected light of the reference light and the fluorescence returning from the inner wall of the body cavity to the insertion portion; and an image computing unit that generates a fluorescence image signal by calculating the difference between a first image-acquisition signal acquired by the image-acquisition unit in the first irradiation state and a second image-acquisition signal acquired in the second irradiation state.02-11-2010
20120226167Method and Device for the Optical Spectroscopic Identification of Cervical Cancer - A medical examination device used for the detection of pre-cancerous and cancerous tissue has an illumination source, a visualization unit, a contacting optical probe, a detector and a process unit. One embodiment of the apparatus includes both a non-contacting macroscopic viewing device (the visualization unit) for visualizing an interior surface of the cervix, as well as a fiber optic wand (contacting optical probe) for spectrally analyzing a microscopic view of the tissue.09-06-2012
20120190990Probe, Diagnosis Device, and Method for Using the Diagnosis Device07-26-2012
20100228132SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OPTICAL PROBE FUNCTIONS DURING MEDICAL AND VETERINARY PROCEDURES - A device includes a handpiece having a probe tip disposed at an end thereof, and, an optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe connected to the handpiece such that, at the probe tip, a functionality of the OCT probe is provided. A sensor responsive to movement and/or handling of the handpiece for controlling the functionality of the OCT probe is disposed within or on the handpiece.09-09-2010
20130184593Implantable Devices And Methods For The Evaluation of Active Agents - Devices for the local delivery of microdose amounts of one or more active agents, alone or in combination, in one or more dosages, to selected tissue of a patient are described. The devices generally include multiple microwells arranged on or within a support structure. The microwells contain one or more active agents, alone or in combination, in one or more dosages and/or release pharmacokinetics. In an exemplary embodiment, the device has a cylindrical shape, having symmetrical wells on the outside of the device, each well containing one or more drugs, at one or more concentrations, sized to permit placement using a catheter, cannula, or stylet. Optionally, the device has a guidewire, and fiber optics, sensors and/or interactive features such as remote accessibility (such as WiFi) to provide for in situ retrieval of information and modification of device release properties. In the most preferred embodiment, the fiber optics and/or sensors are individually accessible to discrete wells.07-18-2013
20120330166SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ANALYSIS AND TREATMENT OF AN OCCLUDED BODY LUMEN - Systems and methods are provided for probing an occluded body lumen, including a flexible conduit insertable into the body lumen, at least one delivery waveguide and at least one collection waveguide integrated with the flexible conduit and arranged to deliver and collect radiation about a distal end of said flexible conduit, at least one radiation source connected to a transmission input of the at least one delivery waveguide, at least one optical detector connected to a transmission output of at least one collection waveguide, a spectrometer connected with the at least one optical detector, and constructed and arranged to scan radiation and perform spectroscopy, and a controller programmed to process data from said spectrometer and provide information for directing said flexible conduit through obstacles within the occluded body lumen.12-27-2012
20100130872OPTICAL CABLE AND OPTICAL COHERENCE IMAGING DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS USING THIS CABLE - An optical fiber is positioned in a lumen of a sheath so a gap exists between the sheath and optical fiber. A filling member fills part of the longitudinal extent of the gap and fixes the optical fiber. The gap is devoid of the filling member over a part of the longitudinal extent of the of the optical fiber so that an air gap exists between the optical fiber and the sheath. In the event bending, expansion and/or contraction are applied to the sheath, the stress is inhibited from being transmitted to the optical fiber. If the sheath is expanded and contracted, one end of the optical fiber is open and so the optical fiber is not expanded/contracted like the sheath expansion and contraction. Consequently, stress is not likely to be transmitted to the optical fiber and so it is possible to maintain a constant length of the optical fiber.05-27-2010
20120150046TISSUE CONTRAST IMAGING SYSTEMS - Tissue contrast imaging systems are described which detect differences in tissue contrasts to obtain images of the tissue region. The systems may be used to obtain images of the cardiac tissues particularly in a blood-filled environment.06-14-2012
20100168588ENDOSCOPE SYSTEM FOR FLUORESCENT OBSERVATION - An endoscope system is disclosed for detecting fluorescent light emitted in the near-infrared region by a plurality of fluorescent labeling materials introduced into a living tissue. An illumination system generates illumination light in the wavelength range 600 nm-2000 nm which serves as excitation light for the plurality of fluorescent labeling materials, and a detection system that can separately detect different ones of the plurality of fluorescent light emissions that are emitted at different wavelengths from among the plurality of fluorescent labeling materials is provided. The endoscope system may include a conventional-type endoscope having an insertion section, or a capsule endoscope that wirelessly transmits image data. By superimposing the image data obtained using reflected light in the visible region and fluorescent light emitted by the fluorescent labeling materials, improved diagnostic capabilities are provided.07-01-2010
20100168587CATHETER IMAGING PROBE AND METHOD - A catheter imaging probe for a patient. The probe includes a conduit through with energy is transmitted. The probe includes a first portion through which the conduit extends. The probe includes a second portion which rotates relative to the conduit to redirect the energy from the conduit. A method for imaging a patient. The method includes the steps of inserting a catheter into the patient. There is the step of rotating a second portion of the catheter relative to a conduit extending through a first portion of the catheter, which redirects the energy transmitted through the conduit to the patient and receives the energy reflected back to the second portion from the patient and redirects the reflected energy to the conduit.07-01-2010
20080228085SINUS ILLUMINATION LIGHTWIRE DEVICE - An illuminating wire medical device may include an elongate flexible housing and an illuminating fiber and a core wire extending through at least part of the housing, the core wire providing desired pushability and torquability. The illuminating device may further include a connector assembly cooperating with the illuminating fiber to accommodate changes in length and to absorb forces applied during use of the device.09-18-2008
20130204142OPTICAL FORCE SENSING ELEMENT AND MICROSURGICAL INSTRUMENT - An optical force sensing element for microsurgical instruments and methods measures force F in three orthogonal directions and includes a monolithic cylinder structure, a cylindrical surface and a top surface that absorbs and transmits the force F. Three punch-like notches, all being parallel to the y-direction, are spaced apart along the z-axis and form two blades between the first and second notch and between the second and the third notch. Three channels parallel to the z-axis extend from the bottom surface to the top surface and cross the first notch while bypassing the other two notches. Three optical fibres, each fixed in one of the three channels, all entering the structure from the bottom surface, cross the first notch and end at or near the top surface while being interrupted in the first notch and forming two surfaces of each fibre that define a Fabry-Perot interferometric cavity.08-08-2013
20080221458Catheter and method for diagnosis and treatment of diseased vessels - The present invention provides a catheter for detecting and treating diseased tissue in a blood vessel or other hollow body organ. The catheter comprises an elongated tubular catheter shaft having a distal end comprising a light transmission zone. A first fiber lumen in the catheter shaft contains a diagnostic optical fiber having a distal end terminating within the light transmission zone for emitting and receiving light through the light transmission zone. A diagnostic subassembly at the proximal end and in communication with the diagnostic optical fiber processes diagnostic light for use in connection with a diagnostic method for detecting diseased tissue. A second fiber lumen can be provided in the catheter shaft for containing a treatment optical fiber for delivering treatment light from a light source at the proximal end of the catheter shaft to the light transmission zone. The treatment optical fiber has a distal end terminating within the light transmission zone for emitting light for treatment of the diseased tissue. An occlusion balloon is positioned on the distal end of the catheter shaft adjacent to the light transmission zone and in fluid communication with an inflation lumen. One or more infusion ports formed on or near the light transmission zone and in fluid communication with an infusion lumen deliver infusion fluid to the hollow body organ.09-11-2008
20130123648MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT USING MULTI-CORE OPTICAL FIBERS - Devices and techniques are disclosed for delivering light from a plurality of single emitter lasers to a biological tissue and detecting light from a biological tissue with a plurality of detector components using multi-core optical delivery and detection fiber or fibers for minimally invasive treating and/or diagnosing conditions and/or diseases in an individual.05-16-2013
20130096438METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING TUMOROUS TISSUE IN THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT WITH THE AID OF AN ENDOCAPSULE - In a method and apparatus for detecting tumorous cell tissue in a gastrointestinal tract, electromagnetic radiation is emitted in a locally defined manner from an endoscope onto cell tissue and, after deactivation of the radiation, the decay of the inherent fluorescence intensity of the irradiated cell tissue, excited by the electromagnetic radiation, is detected, with temporal and spectral resolution and with a known scanning rate for at least one wavelength. From the intensity measurement values obtained in this manner, the difference autocorrelation function of the intensity decay is determined, from which a fractal dimension for the irradiated cell tissue is determined. The value of the fractal dimension is used to classify the irradiated cell tissue as to a degree to which the cell tissue is tumorous.04-18-2013
20090177095TRIAXIAL FIBER OPTIC FORCE SENSING CATHETER - A fiber optic force sensing assembly for detecting forces imparted at a distal end of a catheter assembly. The structural member may include segments adjacent each other in a serial arrangement, with gaps located between adjacent segments that are bridged by flexures. Fiber optics are coupled to the structural member. In one embodiment, each fiber optic has a distal end disposed adjacent one of the gaps and oriented for emission of light onto and for collection of light reflected from a segment adjacent the gap. The optical fibers cooperate with the deformable structure to provide a change in the intensity of the reflected light, or alternatively to provide a variable gap interferometer for sensing deformation of the structural member. In another embodiment, the gaps are bridged by fiber Bragg gratings that reflect light back through the fiber optic at central wavelengths that vary with the strain imposed on the grating.07-09-2009
20110313298FIBER ARRAY FOR OPTICAL IMAGING AND THERAPEUTICS - The present invention relates to the field of optical imaging and therapeutics. More particularly, embodiments of the present invention provide minimally-invasive Fiberoptic Microneedle Devices (FMDs) for light-based therapeutics, which physically penetrate tissue and deliver light directly into the target area below the skin surface (FIG. 12-22-2011
20110224554Optogenetic Fiber Optic Cannula and Adapted Fiber Optic Connector - A cannula can have a ferrule with two interspaced optical fiber passages extending therebetween, each securely housing an optical fiber therein having a first tip exposed at a connection end, and a second tip protruding from an opposite implant end by a penetration distance, and a bore extending into the ferrule from the connection end. The cannula can be removably connected by a patch cord having a ferrule with a guide pin, with a relatively high degree of optical alignment, by inserting both ferrules into corresponding ends of a sleeve and engaging the guide pin within the bore.09-15-2011
20100286531SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ANALYSIS AND TREATMENT OF A BODY LUMEN - A system for analyzing a body lumen including a flexible conduit that is elongated along a longitudinal axis, the flexible conduit having a proximal end and a distal end; at least one delivery waveguide and at least one collection waveguide extending along the flexible conduit, a transmission output of the at least one delivery waveguide and a transmission input of the at least one collection waveguide located along a distal portion of the conduit; a spectrometer connected to the at least one delivery waveguide and the at least one collection waveguide, the spectrometer configured to perform diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, wherein the spectrometer emits at least one primary radiation signal of a wavelength having an absorption coefficient of between about 8 cm11-11-2010
20130150732MAPPING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEDICAL PROCEDURES - A system and method for mapping interluminal structures includes an elongated flexible instrument (06-13-2013
20130150731OPTICAL FIBER ARRAY PROBE IMAGING SYSTEM INTEGRATED WITH ENDOSCOPE - Provided is an imaging system which includes an optical fiber array probe unit integrated with an endoscope unit, thereby simultaneously measuring structural information and functional information of a sample. The optical fiber array probe unit includes an optical fiber array probe integrated with lenses including an optical fiber lens with a lens surface of a predetermined radius of curvature in which one ends of optical fibers are integrally connected with each other by heating a predetermined region including the one ends of two of the optical fibers using a heating means, as an optical fiber array probe integrated lens on which the light transmitted from the light source is incident and which guides light reflected from the sample, and a detector for selectively detecting the light transmitted from the optical fiber array probe integrated with lenses in a predetermined range of wavelength.06-13-2013
20120283576Probe - A probe which is inserted into a lumen of inside of a body, irradiates an observation object part of a physiological tissue with excitation light, and detects fluorescence resulting from the excitation light, wherein the probe including: a plus lens arranged facing toward a tip side of the probe; and a plurality of optical fibers receiving the fluorescence at tip surfaces through the plus lens, wherein the tip surface are directed toward the plus lens and arranged in positions offset from an optical axis of the plus lens, wherein positions of the tip surface of at least optical fibers of which an amount of offset from the optical axis of the plus lens differ mutually among plurality of optical fibers are shifted mutually along the optical axis of the plus lens.11-08-2012
20130158414MEDICAL DEVICE WITH SLOTTED MEMORY METAL TUBE - A series of medical instruments can be made with the use of shape memory tube with a transformation temperature that is above or below ambient temperature. In the first case, the material behaves with the shape memory effect and in the second case the behavior is superelastic. The wall of the tube has been provided with a plurality of slots in specific places, often near or at the distal end of the instrument, and in specific arrangements which allow local variations in diameter, shape, and/or length. These variations can either be caused by the memory effect during temperature change or by superelastic behavior during change of the mechanical influences on the memory metal by the surrounding material.06-20-2013
20110313299SEVERAL MEASUREMENT MODALITIES IN A CATHETER-BASED SYSTEM - The invention provides optical switching-based systems and methods for catheter-based optical diagnosis which are particularly well suited to determining the condition of blood vessels, including the state of the vessels with respect to atherosclerosis and its development. Various embodiments provide catheter-based spectroscopic systems that are configured to cycle between different optical interrogation techniques such as Raman spectroscopy, optical coherence tomography and time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. One embodiment of the invention provides an intravascular catheter-based diagnostic system that cycles between fingerprint region (200-2,500 cm12-22-2011
20120029360NEEDLE WITH INTEGRATED FIBERS IN THE CUTTING FACETS OF THE BEVEL - A needle comprises a tip part, a holder part, a shaft, and fibers capable of transmitting light, wherein the shaft comprises a distal end connected to the tip part, and a proximal end connected to the holder part, wherein the tip part comprises a bevel, cutting facets, and at least one channel for accommodating a fiber, and wherein an end section of the fiber is located in the channel and an end surface of the fiber is located at one of the cutting facets. By way of the facets an introduction of the needle into tissue may be facilitated. A further aspect of the invention is a method for producing such a needle.02-02-2012
20130211262PROBE - A probe includes a plurality of optical fibers that includes an irradiation fiber and a light-receiving fiber; and an optical member of which a base end face is arranged to abut on leading end faces of the optical fibers, and a leading end face is exposed to an outer side. The leading end face of the optical member is perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the probe. Light emitted from the irradiation fiber passes through a path inclined with respect to a perpendicular line of the leading end face.08-15-2013
20130211263INTUBATION GUIDE - Apparatuses for guiding an endotracheal tube during intubation and associated methods of their use; the apparatuses formed to contain a plastic element able to hold deformations so as to conform the apparatus to the shape of a patient's endotracheal airway. The plastic element has sufficient give so as to minimize traumatic engagement with the inner surface of the airway lumen. Methods for using the apparatuses exploit indirect visualization where the person performing the intubation can shape the apparatuses so as to place the distal end into the field of view of the indirect visualization instrument even with minimal alignment of the patient's airway.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Light conducting fiber inserted into a body