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PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON MIXTURE FROM REFUSE OR VEGETATION

Subclass of:

585 - Chemistry of hydrocarbon compounds

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
585241000 From synthetic resin or rubber 21
585242000 From wood 18
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130030228METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR PRODUCING AROMATIC HYDROCARBON-CONTAINING EFFLUENT - Embodiments of methods and apparatuses for producing an aromatic hydrocarbon-containing effluent are provided herein. The method comprises the step of rapidly heating a biomass-based feedstock to a first predetermined temperature of from about 300 to about 650° C. in the presence of a catalyst, hydrogen, and an organic solvent within a time period of about 20 minutes or less to form the aromatic hydrocarbon-containing effluent. The biomass-based feedstock comprises lignocellulosic material, lignin, or a combination thereof.01-31-2013
20130030229PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF DIESEL RANGE HYDROCARBONS - The invention relates to a process for the manufacture of diesel range hydrocarbons wherein a feed is hydrotreated in a hydrotreating step and isomerised in an isomerisation step, and a feed comprising fresh feed containing more than 5 wt % of free fatty acids and at least one diluting agent is hydrotreated at a reaction temperature of 200-400° C., in a hydrotreating reactor in the presence of catalyst, and the ratio of the diluting agent/fresh feed is 5-30:1.01-31-2013
20100056833PRETREATMENT OF BIOLOGICAL FEEDSTOCKS FOR HYDROCONVERSION IN FIXED-BED REACTORS - A process for pretreating biological feedstocks for hydroconversion in a fixed-bed reactor. A feed stream having free fatty acids, fatty acid esters, or combinations thereof is contacted with a citric acid solution. The biological feedstock is separated from the aqueous solution to efficiently produce a pretreated biological feedstock substantially absent of metals and phosphorus.03-04-2010
20100113849BIOMASS CONVERSION PROCESS - A process is disclosed including: contacting solid biomass with a first catalyst stream in a first reaction zone operated at a temperature T05-06-2010
20100160698PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBONS, USEFUL FOR MOTOR VEHICLES, FROM MIXTURES OF A BIOLOGICAL ORIGIN - The present invention describes a process for producing, in a single step, hydrocarbon fractions useful as diesel fuel or as a component of diesel fuel, from a mixture of a biological origin containing esters of fatty acids, and possibly also containing aliquots of free fatty acids. The process comprises the contemporaneous hydrodeoxygenation and hydroisomerization of the mixture of a biological origin, with the formation of linear and branched paraffins. The process is carried out in the presence of a catalytic composition comprising: 06-24-2010
20130079565HYDROTHERMAL CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO HYDROCARBON PRODUCTS - A process for the conversion of biomass to hydrocarbon products such as transportation fuels, kerosene, diesel oil, fuel oil, chemical and refinery plant feeds. The instant process uses a hydrocarbon or synthesis gas co-feed and hot pressurized water to convert the biomass in a manner commonly referred to as hydrothermal liquefaction.03-28-2013
20100036181CONVERSION OF BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS INTO HYDROCARBON LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS - Methods for converting a carbon-containing feedstock into a fluid transportation fuel are described. The methods may include converting the carbon-containing feedstock into a producer gas comprising H02-11-2010
20090326286PROCESS OF PRODUCING LIQUID FUEL FROM CELLULOSIC BIOMASS - A liquid fuel production process from cellulosic biomass comprises the following steps: (1) providing a mixture of cellulose and water; (2) subjecting the obtained mixture to hydrolysis and catalytic hydrogenation under the presence of acid to obtain mono-sugar alcohol and optional solid material lignin, or subjecting the obtained mixture to hydrolysis to obtain monosaccharide; (3) esterifying the obtained mono-sugar with C12-31-2009
20100145117METHOD FOR PRODUCING CYCLIC ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM CROP OILS - A method for producing products containing cyclic organic compounds from biomass oil includes adding a biomass oil to a vessel; heating the biomass oil to crack the biomass oil; removing undesired or unreacted materials, heavy ends, and light ends from the cracked biomass oil; and extracting components from the cracked biomass oil to produce a mixture of products containing between 5% and 90% cyclic organic compounds by weight. A method for producing a high-octane aviation fuel with low lead content includes cracking a biomass oil, separating a middle distillate mixture from cracked biomass oil, decarboxylating the middle distillate mixture to produce a mixture of products containing at least about 50% cyclic alkane and alkene compounds by weight, and blending the mixture of products with a fuel having an octane number below 95 to produce an aviation fuel having an octane number of at least 100.06-10-2010
20100105970BIOMASS CONVERSION PROCESS - A method for converting solid biomass into hydrocarbons includes contacting the solid biomass with a catalyst in a first riser operated at a temperature in the range of from about 50° C. to about 200° C. to thereby produce a first biomass-catalyst mixture and a first product comprising hydrocarbons; a) separating the first product from the first biomass-catalyst mixture; c) charging the first biomass-catalyst mixture to a second riser operated at a temperature in the range of from about 200° C. to about 400° C. to thereby produce a second biomass-catalyst mixture and a second product comprising hydrocarbons; d) separating the second product from the second biomass-catalyst mixture; e) charging the second biomass-catalyst mixture to a third riser operated at a temperature greater than about 450° C. to thereby produce a spent catalyst and a third product comprising hydrocarbons; and f) separating the third effluent from the spent catalyst.04-29-2010
20120165582BIOREFINERY METHOD - The invention relates to a method for producing a petrochemical product from biomass, involving the following steps: dewatering and drying biomass; producing crude oil by the direct liquefaction of the dried biomass; hydrogenating the crude oil into hydrocarbons; and refining the hydrocarbons into a petrochemical product. Said method is characterized in that the hydrogen used for hydrogenating the crude oil is obtained from the wastewater accumulated during the dewatering and drying of the biomass and/or during the direct liquefaction and from the residue accumulated during the direct liquefaction.06-28-2012
20130072731PROCESS FOR THE CONVERSION OF RENEWABLE OILS TO LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS - The present invention relates to production of fuels or fuel blendstocks from renewable sources. Various embodiments provide a method of producing a hydrocarbon product by hydrotreating a feedstock including at least one of a renewable triacylglyceride (TAG), renewable free fatty acid (FFA), and renewable fatty acid C03-21-2013
20130066120Renewable Diesel Refinery Strategy - A process is disclosed that permits the manufacture of renewable diesel while simultaneously manufacturing petroleum based jet fuel and/or diesel fuel. The process provides for the sulfiding of hydroprocessing catalyst used to hydroprocess sulfur deficient biomass derived feedstocks and permits the use of petroleum derived feedstock deactivated hydoprocessing catalyst in biomass derived feedstock service.03-14-2013
20120197052Composition of matter comprising of the creation of a low molecular weight hydrocarbon fluid exhibiting mainly oligomerized pentenes mainly comprised of 2-Methyl-2-Butene subunits as well as related plant isoprenoids composed of 2-Methyl-1-Butene subunits and other hydrocarbons from Euphorbia tirucalli biomass and a process for the extraction and refinement in making the same composition through the creation of solvent permeable batting mat and a multi-phase solvent extraction - A composition of matter with of the creation of low molecular weight hydrocarbon fluid called Phytoleum from Euphorbia tirucalli biomass and a process for the extraction and refinement in making the same composition through the creation of a batting mat and multi-phase solvent extraction. A preferred embodiment includes the steps of manufacturing a fibrous batting mat from the raw biomass, crushing the biomass, shearing the biomass with a rotating knives blade array, compressing the biomass by passing the biomass through press rollers, amalgonating the biomass into a Batting Mat, subjecting the Batting Mat to a phased multi-wash solvent system, extracting the solvents and oils liquid solution for recovery, subjecting the liquid solution to a centrifugation system to extract the Phytoleum hydrocarbon oil from the other components, and refining the final product to yield Phytoleum which is a composition of matter including Tirucallene A and Tirucallene B and other oligomerized pentenes.08-02-2012
20120116135HEAT INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HIGH QUALITY PYROLYSIS OIL FROM BIOMASS - This invention discloses a heat integrated and energy saving process for producing high quality pyrolysis oil from biomass by utilizing a torrefaction pretreatment step for biomass pyrolysis processing wherein the pretreatment step improves the quality of the pyrolysis oil by reducing acidity. This invention further utilizes the gaseous product of the torrefaction step through a combustion process for heat production and recovery.05-10-2012
20120116134METHODS FOR CO-PROCESSING BIORENEWABLE FEEDSTOCK AND PETROLEUM DISTILLATE FEEDSTOCK - Methods for co-processing a biorenewable feedstock and a petroleum distillate feedstock are provided. The petroleum distillate feedstock containing sulfur is reacted with hydrogen gas in the presence of a hydrotreating catalyst thereby forming an effluent mixture comprising hydrogen sulfide. A combined feed comprising the effluent mixture, optionally a recycle liquid, and the biorenewable feedstock is contacted with hydrogen gas in a reaction zone with a deoxygenation catalyst under reaction conditions to provide a reaction product comprising a hydrocarbon fraction. The combined feed comprises greater than 50 weight percent biorenewable feedstock.05-10-2012
20120238791EVEN CARBON NUMBER PARAFFIN COMPOSITION AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME - Paraffin compositions including mainly even carbon number paraffins, and a method for manufacturing the same, is disclosed herein. In one embodiment, the method involves contacting naturally occurring fatty acid/glycerides with hydrogen in a slurry bubble column reactor containing bimetallic catalysts with equivalent particle diameters from about 10 to about 400 micron. The even carbon number compositions are particularly useful as phase change material.09-20-2012
20120238790Process to Improve Formulations of Hydrocarbon Conversion Catalysts Through Removal and Modification of Detrimental Particles and Reuse of Modified Fractions - An improved hydrocarbon conversion catalyst is obtained through removal and modification by various means, of detrimental large and/or small particle fractions. Such modified fractions may be reused in the same or similar processes. The improved catalyst is advantageous to a wide range of hydrocarbon conversion processes.09-20-2012
20110282115BIOFUELS VIA HYDROGENOLYSIS AND DEHYDROGENATION-CONDENSATION - A method comprising providing a carbohydrate feed; contacting at least a portion of the carbohydrate feed directly with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenolysis catalyst to produce a first reaction product comprising a stable hydroxyl intermediate; contacting at least a portion of the first reaction product comprising the stably hydroxyl intermediates with a dehydrogenation catalyst to form a second reaction product; and contacting at least a portion of the second reaction product with a condensation catalyst comprising a base functionality to form a fuel blend.11-17-2011
20110282116PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF DIESEL RANGE HYDROCARBONS - The invention relates to a process for the manufacture of diesel range hydrocarbons wherein a feed is hydrotreated in a hydrotreating step and isomerised in an isomerisation step, and a feed comprising fresh feed containing more than 5 wt % of free fatty acids and at least one diluting agent is hydrotreated at a reaction temperature of 200-400° C., in a hydrotreating reactor in the presence of catalyst, and the ratio of the diluting agent/fresh feed is 5-30:1.11-17-2011
20090247799PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A HYDROCARBON COMPONENT - The invention relates to a process for producing a new type of high-quality hydrocarbon base oil of biological origin. The process of the invention comprises ketonisation, hydrodeoxygenation, and isomerization steps. Fatty acids and/or fatty acid esters based on a biological raw material are preferably used as the feedstock.10-01-2009
20090054711Pyrolysis Systems, Methods of Use Thereof, and Methods of Bio-Oil Transformation - Pyrolysis systems and methods of recovering bio-oil product of are disclosed. An illustrative embodiment of a pyrolysis system, among others, includes: a pyrolysis reactor that produces a first bio-oil stream; an injection spray system for receiving the first bio-oil stream, wherein the injection spray system is configured to spray a solvent liquid onto the first bio-oil stream to produce a second bio-oil stream, wherein the injection spray system is configured to control the removal of heat from the first bio-oil stream; and a post injection spray system that is configured to receive the second bio-oil stream.02-26-2009
20120035404HYDROCARBONS FROM PYROLYSIS OIL - The present invention relates to a process for converting pyrolysis oil obtained by pyrolysis of biomass into fuel range hydrocarbon by alcoholysis of pyrolysis oil with subsequent hydrotreatment. The current invention provides straightforward methodology to prepare upgradable pyrolysis oil via alcoholysis. The invention uses hydrotreating technology for oxygen removal and hydrocarbon production. The resulting hydrocarbon products are 100% fungible with conventional transportation fuels.02-09-2012
20100113848PROCESS FOR THE CONVERSION OF RENEWABLE OILS TO LIQUID TRANSPORTATION FUELS - A method of producing a hydrocarbon product by hydrotreating a feedstock comprising triacylglyceride (TAG) in the presence of a nonsulfided hydrotreating catalyst to produce a first product comprising hydrocarbons. A method of producing a transportation fuel by selecting an undoped feedstock comprising virgin TAG, used TAG, or a combination thereof; hydrotreating the undoped feedstock in the presence of an unsulfided hydrotreating catalyst to produce a first product; and subjecting the first product to at least one process selected from aromatization, cyclization, and isomerization; to produce a second hydrocarbon product selected from gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, and diesel fuels.05-06-2010
20100137662Production of Diesel Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks Using Non-Flashing Quench Liquid - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant oils and animal oils, fats, and greases. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel or aviation boiling range fuel or fuel blending component. If desired, the hydrocarbon fraction can be isomerized to improve cold flow properties. A portion of the hydrogenated and deoxygenated feedstock is used as a non-flashing liquid quench stream to control the temperature of the hydrogenation and deoxygenation reactor.06-03-2010
20080281134PROPANE UTILIZATION IN DIRECT HYDROTREATING OF OILS AND/OR FATS - Methods for producing C10-C30 hydrocarbons from fatty compounds are provided in which at least a portion of the hydrogen required to accomplish the conversion is generated from by-products of the conversion process. Light hydrocarbons, especially propane, produced during the conversion of triglyceride compounds are used to generate hydrogen which is used in the conversion process thereby reducing the need for outside hydrogen sources.11-13-2008
20090326285Use of Supported Mixed Metal Sulfides for Hydrotreating Biorenewable Feeds - Methods for hydroconverting a biorenewable feed with an unsupported sulfided metal catalyst formed by reacting a metal containing compound with a sulfur containing compound to form an insoluble particulate sulfided metal catalyst.12-31-2009
20110144396PROCESS FOR CONVERTING BIOMASS TO HYDROCARBONS AND OXYGENATES - The present invention relates to a process for converting biomass to hydrocarbons and oxygenates. The process may include providing a biomass feedstock and de-oxygenating the biomass feedstock to form a solid-intermediate. The process may further include liquefaction of the solid intermediate, which may be carried out either by rapid heating followed by condensation or by liquefying by applying high pressure. The liquefaction of the solid intermediate may produce a mixture of hydrocarbons and oxygenates, which is generally termed as biocrude. Further, the biocrude is processed by one or more refining means for production of hydrocarbons that can be used as fuel.06-16-2011
20090082603Production of Diesel Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks with Selective Separation of Converted Oxygen - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as fats and oils from plants and animals where the process provides for sulfur-component management. The process involves catalytically treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel. A selective separation such as a hot high pressure hydrogen stripper may be used to remove at least the carbon oxides from the first zone effluent and provide a liquid recycle stream at pressure and temperature. A vapor stream is separated from the net process effluent and at least carbon dioxide is removed using at least one selective or flexible amine absorber. The resulting hydrogen-rich stream is recycled to the reaction zone.03-26-2009
20110230688COAL CONVERSION PROCESS AND PRODUCTS, COMPRISING TWO DIRECT EBULLATED BED LIQUEFACTION STAGES AND A FIXED BED HYDROCRACKING STAGE - A process for the conversion of coal into fuel bases comprises two successive direct liquefaction stages in ebullated bed reactors followed by a fixed bed hydrocracking stage. This process can produce excellent quality fuel bases (kerosene and diesel).09-22-2011
20080275278Reduced-Emission Gasification and Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Materials for Liquid Fuel Production - A system and process are disclosed for the controlled combustion of a wide variety of hydrocarbon feedstocks to produce thermal energy, liquid fuels, and other valuable products with little or no emissions. The hydrocarbon feeds, such as coal and biomass, are first gasified and then oxidized in a two-chamber system/process using pure oxygen rather than ambient air. A portion of the intermediate gases generated in the system/process are sent to a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis process for conversion into diesel fuel and other desired liquid hydrocarbons. The remaining intermediate gases are circulated and recycled through each of the gasification/oxidation chambers in order to maximize energy production. The energy produced through the system/process is used to generate steam and produce power through conventional steam turbine technology. In addition to the release of heat energy, the hydrocarbon fuels are oxidized to the pure product compounds of water and carbon dioxide, which are subsequently purified and marketed. The system/process minimizes environmental emissions.11-06-2008
20090253948Fuel and Fuel Blending Components from Biomass Derived Pyrolysis Oil - A process for the conversion of biomass derived pyrolysis oil to liquid fuel components is presented. The process includes the production of diesel, aviation, and naphtha boiling point range fuels or fuel blending components by two-stage deoxygenation of the pyrolysis oil and separation of the products.10-08-2009
20120142982USE OF FREE FATTY ACIDS PRODUCED FROM BIO-SOURCED OILS & FATS AS THE FEEDSTOCK FOR A STEAMCRACKER - Use of fatty acids produced from a complex mixture of natural occurring oils & fats and/or of triglycerides deriving from said complex mixture as the feedstock of a steamcracker, by mixing the fatty acids with steam in a steam/feedstock ratio of at least 0.2 kg per kg, a coil outlet temperature of at least 700° C. and an coil outlet pressure of at least 1.2 bara in order to obtain cracking products including bio-ethylene, bio-propylene, bio-butadiene, bio-isoprene, bio-cyclopentadiene and bio-piperylenes, bio-benzene, bio-toluene, bio-xylene and bio-gasoline.06-07-2012
20120035403CONVERTING BIOMASS TO GASEOUS FUEL HYDROCARBONS - A method includes providing a solution containing a C02-09-2012
20120142983 PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIO-NAPHTHA FROM COMPLEX MIXTURES OF NATURAL OCCURRING FATS & OILS - Process for making a bio-diesel and a bio-naphtha and optionally bio-propane from a complex mixture of natural occurring fats & oils, wherein 06-07-2012
20110237851THERMAL CRACKING OF IMPURITIES IN TRIGLYCERIDE FEEDSTOCK - A triglyceride or a triglyceride/hydrocarbon combination can be thermally cracked to remove its impurities in situ prior to be upgraded to fuel range hydrocarbon. This process allows the use of a variety of low cost feedstock and reduce reactor fouling tendency. The process also reduces the use of chemicals required for conventional clean up processes such as degumming.09-29-2011
20100331586PROCESS FOR PREPARING DIESEL FUELS USING VEGETABLE OILS OR FATTY ACID DERIVATIVES - A process for preparing fuels, such as diesel fuels or jet fuels, by hydrotreating vegetable oils or fatty acid derivatives that may be applied to existing equipment for treating fossil fuels. The process comprises feeding hydrotreating a combined oxygenate feed stream, such as FAME, and a hydrocarbon feed stream until not more than 86 wt % of the esters in the oxygenate feed stream are converted to hydrocarbons, and optionally further hydrotreating the product stream within at least a second hydrotreatment reaction zone until at least 90 wt % of the esters in the oxygenate feed stream are converted to hydrocarbons, before removing and separating a hydrocarbon stream suitable for use as fuel.12-30-2010
20110245552ALGAE PROCESSING - A method for culturing algae comprising, forming an emulsion comprising a gaseous stream and a media utilizing a high shear device, wherein the emulsion comprises gas bubbles, and wherein the high shear device comprises at least one toothed rotor and at least one stator; introducing the emulsion into a bioreactor; and introducing an algae into the bioreactor for growing the algae culture. Additionally, a method for producing liquids from an algae culture, the method comprising forming an emulsion comprising a buffer and algal components, wherein the emulsion comprises algal component globules; separating algal hydrocarbons; and processing algal hydrocarbons to form liquid hydrocarbons. Additionally, a system for producing liquids from an algae culture comprising at least one high shear device.10-06-2011
20110245553PRODUCTION OF DIESEL FUEL FROM BIORENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS WITH SELECTIVE SEPARATION OF CONVERTED OXYGEN - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as fats and oils from plants and animals where the process provides for sulfur-component management. The process involves catalytically treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel. A selective separation such as a hot high pressure hydrogen stripper may be used to remove at least the carbon oxides from the first zone effluent and provide a liquid recycle stream at pressure and temperature. A vapor stream is separated from the net process effluent and at least carbon dioxide is removed using at least one selective or flexible amine absorber. The resulting hydrogen-rich stream is recycled to the reaction zone.10-06-2011
20110245551USE OF A GUARD BED REACTOR TO IMPROVE CONVERSION OF BIOFEEDSTOCKS TO FUEL - The present invention involves a process for processing an acidic biorenewable feedstock comprising olefins, in which the acidic biorenewable feedstock is diluted with a deoxygenated feed to produce a diluted biorenewable feedstock and then is sent through a guard bed comprising a hydroprocessing catalyst to cause the olefins to be saturated with hydrogen and thereby to produce a treated biorenewable feedstock. This treated biorenewable feedstock can then be treated under standard hydroprocessing condition to produce an upgraded feedstock for transportation fuels.10-06-2011
20100228062PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION OF BIOMASS - The present invention provides a system and method for converting biomass into fluid hydrocarbon products to minimize the use of fossil fuels, provide energy and chemical feedstock security, and sustainable and/or carbon neutral electric power. One disclosed embodiment comprises performing fast pyrolysis on biomass to produce pygas and char using a maximum processing temperature of about 650° C. The pygas is provided to an independent reactor without the addition of an oxidizing agent for catalytically converting the pygas to hydrocarbons using a maximum processing temperature of about 650° C. The present invention also concerns a system comprising fast pyrolysis means producing a pygas and char, independent catalytic conversion means downstream of the fast pyrolysis for converting the pygas to hydrocarbons, and a hydrogen source, external to the system and/or produced by a steam reformer by steam reformation of at least a portion of the hydrocarbons, coupled to catalytic conversion means.09-09-2010
20100069691 METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ONE OR MORE OLEFINS, AN OLEFIN, AND A POLYMER - The present invention describes a method for the production of one or more olefins from the residue of at least one renewable natural raw material. The present invention is advantageously related to a method that is integrated with a processing method for processing renewable natural agricultural raw materials for the production of propylene, and optionally of ethylene and butylene, mainly from the residues of the processed renewable natural agricultural raw material. The propylene is obtained from the gasification reaction of the lignocellulosic materials and of other organic products contained in the raw material residues, followed by the formation of methanol and its subsequent transformation into propylene, where this route may further generate ethylene and/or butylene as by-products.03-18-2010
20100069690HYDROGENATION PROCESS - A process comprising reacting hydrogen and a reaction composition comprising a carboxylic acid and/or derivative thereof in a reactor to produce a reaction composition comprising one or more C03-18-2010
20130158308BIOMASS CONVERSION SYSTEMS HAVING A FLUID CIRCULATION LOOP CONTAINING A CENTRIPETAL FORCE-BASED SEPARATION MECHANISM FOR CONTROL OF CELLULOSIC FINES AND METHODS FOR USE THEREOF - Digestion of cellulosic biomass to produce a hydrolysate may be accompanied by the formation of cellulosic fines which may be damaging to system components. Biomass conversion systems that may address the issue of cellulosic fines may comprise a fluid circulation loop comprising: a hydrothermal digestion unit; a solids separation unit that is in fluid communication with an outlet of the hydrothermal digestion unit; where the solids separation unit comprises a centripetal force-based separation mechanism that comprises a fluid outlet and a solids outlet; and a catalytic reduction reactor unit that is in fluid communication with the fluid outlet of the centripetal force-based separation mechanism and an inlet of the hydrothermal digestion unit.06-20-2013
20080312479Enhancing Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass - A method for preparing biomass for slurry processing. The method includes solubilizing the solid material into either a dissolved state or a suspended solid in a liquid phase, and processing the liquid phase to produce chemicals and fuels.12-18-2008
20120302806Process for the Selective Production of Hydrocarbon Based Fuels from Plants Containing Aliphatic Biopolymers Utilizing Water at Subcritical Conditions - Disclosed herein is the use of terrestrial plant materials (e.g., leaves and bark) that contain biopolymer materials to produce hydrocarbon-rich crude oils that can be refined further into hydrocarbon-based biofuels, via the hydrous pyrolysis method, which involves heating to subcritical temperatures and pressures in an aqueous medium. One can also isolate the aliphatic biopolymers and utilize them as feedstocks for production of the hydrocarbon-rich crude via hydrous pyrolysis.11-29-2012
20110054230REDUCING HYDROGEN CONSUMPTION IN HYDROTREATING OF BIOCOMPONENT FEEDS - Processes are provided for deoxygenation of a biocomponent feedstock with reduced hydrogen consumption. The biocomponent feedstock can be processed under relatively low hydrogen partial pressures and at a relatively low treat gas ratio compared to the hydrogen need of the feedstock. The relatively low pressure, relatively low treat gas ratio hydroprocessing can result in reduced production of water and carbon monoxide and in increased production of carbon dioxide compared to relatively higher pressure process conditions.03-03-2011
20110087059PROCESS FOR HYDROTREATMENT AND HYDROISOMERIZATION OF FEEDSTOCKS OBTAINED FROM A RENEWABLE SOURCE IMPLEMENTING A MODIFIED ZEOLITE - This invention describes a process for treatment of feedstocks obtained from a renewable source implementing a catalyst that comprises at least one hydro-dehydrogenating metal that is selected from the group that is formed by the metals of group VIB and group VIII of the periodic table and a substrate that comprises at least one zeolite that has at least one series of channels whose opening is defined by a ring with 8 oxygen atoms modified by a) at least one stage for introducing at least one alkaline cation that belongs to group IA or IIA of the periodic table, b) a stage for treating said zeolite in the presence of at least one molecular compound that contains at least one silicon atom, c) at least one stage of partial exchange of said alkaline cations by NH04-14-2011
20110087058DEOXYGENATION OF MATERIALS OF BIOLOGICAL ORIGIN - The present invention relates to a method for the deoxygenation of materials of biological origin and particularly to the removal of oxygen from biomass derived organic compounds with carbon monoxide, to yield linear and branched hydrocarbons suitable as biofuels or as blending stocks or components for biofuels, such as gas, gasoline, diesel fuel and aviation fuel, as well as solvents. The method comprises contacting a feedstock with carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalyst comprising a metal selected from a group consisting of ruthenium, manganese, rhodium, rhenium, osmium, iridium, molybdenum, copper, zinc, palladium, platinum and cobalt, in the presence of water, under alkaline conditions at a temperature from 150 to 350° C. and under a pressure from 0.1 to 150 bar, to produce hydrocarbons.04-14-2011
20110077436PRETREATMENT OF OILS AND/OR FATS - Disclosed are methods for pretreating triglyceride containing material prior to contacting with a hydrotreating catalyst to produce fuel range hydrocarbons without causing reactor fouling or catalyst plugging.03-31-2011
20110152588PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON FROM HIGH FREE FATTY ACID CONTAINING FEEDSTOCKS - There is provided a process for converting high free fatty acid containing feedstock such as acidulated soapstock into hydrocarbon compound especially fuel range hydrocarbons using amidation as a pretreatment step followed by hydroprocessing.06-23-2011
20110201855LOW OXYGEN BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OILS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Low oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oils and methods for producing them from carbonaceous biomass feedstock are provided. The carbonaceous biomass feedstock is pyrolyzed in the presence of a catalyst comprising base metal-based catalysts, noble metal-based catalysts, treated zeolitic catalysts, or combinations thereof to produce pyrolysis gases. During pyrolysis, the catalyst catalyzes a deoxygenation reaction whereby at least a portion of the oxygenated hydrocarbons in the pyrolysis gases are converted into hydrocarbons. The oxygen is removed as carbon oxides and water. A condensable portion (the vapors) of the pyrolysis gases is condensed to low oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil.08-18-2011
20110201854LOW OXYGEN BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OILS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Methods are provided for producing low oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil from carbonaceous biomass feedstock. The carbonaceous biomass feedstock is pyrolyzed in the presence of a steam reforming catalyst to produce char and pyrolysis gases. During pyrolysis, a portion of the oxygenated hydrocarbons in the pyrolysis gases is converted into hydrocarbons by steam reforming also yielding carbon oxides and hydrogen gas. The hydrogen gas at least partially deoxygenates a residual portion of the oxygenated hydrocarbons. Additional hydrogen gas may also be produced by water-gas shift reactions to deoxygenate the residual portion of the oxygenated hydrocarbons in the pyrolysis gases. Deoxygenation may occur in the presence of a hydroprocessing catalyst. A condensable portion of the pyrolysis gases is condensed to form low oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil.08-18-2011
20110071327PROCESS FOR CO-PRODUCING JET FUEL AND LPG FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES - The present invention generally relates to a method for producing an isoparaffinic product useful as jet fuel from a renewable feedstock. The method may also include co-producing a jet fuel and a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) fraction from a renewable feedstock. The method includes hydrotreating the renewable feedstock to produce a hydrotreating unit heavy fraction that includes n-paraffins and hydroisomerizing the hydrotreating unit heavy fraction to produce a hydroizomerizing unit heavy fraction that includes isoparaffins. The method also includes recycling the hydroisomerizing unit heavy fraction through the hydroisomerization unit to produce an isoparaffinic product that may be fractionated into a jet fuel and an LPG fraction. The present invention also relates to a jet fuel produced from a renewable feedstock having improved cold flow properties.03-24-2011
20110046423HYDROTREATING CARBOHYDRATES - Conversion of renewable hydrocarbons to transportation fuels is required to reduce carbon emission, limit the use of fossil fuels, and develop renewable energy sources. Sorbitol, xylitol and trehelose are polyalcohols generated from the liquefaction of various sugars and carbohydrates in biomass from algae, corn, sugarcane, switchgrasses, and biological wastes. Mixtures of aqueous polyols and fuel feedstocks are catalyzed over metal catalysts to produce hexanes, pentanes, and lighter hydrocarbons. By managing the catalyst, reaction conditions and sulfur content, the octane value of the product fuel is dramatically increased.02-24-2011
20120004478TWO STAGE HYDROPROCESSING WITH DIVIDED WALL COLUMN FRACTIONATOR - A divided wall column can allow for fractionation of multiple streams while maintaining separate product qualities. Effluents from multiple stages of a reaction system can be processed in a single divided wall column. The divided wall column can produce multiple cuts from each separated area, as well as at least one output from a common area. At least one reaction stage can advantageously have a continuous liquid phase environment.01-05-2012
20120004477LIQUID PHASE DISTILLATE DEWAXING - Hydrocarbon feeds can be hydrotreated in a continuous gas-phase environment and then dewaxed in a liquid-continuous reactor. The liquid-continuous reactor can advantageously be operated in a manner that avoids the need for a hydrogen recycle loop. A contaminant gas can be added to the hydrogen input for the liquid-continuous reactor to modify the hydrogen consumption in the reactor.01-05-2012
20120209041PROCESSING OF FEEDSTOCKS IN SEPARATED REACTOR VOLUMES - Separated volumes can be created in a reactor using interior dividing wall or interior conduit structures. Feedstocks can be hydroprocessed in the separated volumes to allow multiple types of hydroprocessing conditions and/or feeds to be processed in a single reactor. The feedstocks can remain separate for the entire volume of the reactor, or the dividing barrier can end at some intermediate point in the reactor.08-16-2012
20080281135System For Producing Terpenoids In Plants - The invention concerns a method for producing terpenes of interest in plants having glandular trichomes, as well as plants useful for producing said terpenes of interest. Said plants comprise a sequence encoding a heterologous terpene synthase under the control of a promoter enabling it to be specifically expressed in the trichomes. Moreover, the pathway for producing endogenous diterpenes is preferably blocked in the trichomes of the plants, to increase the flow in the heterologous pathway. The secretion of heterologous terpenes is spontaneous resulting in easy collection. The present invention also concerns plants exhibiting a blocked production of a compound having antibiotic properties at the surface of leaves exhibiting enhanced efficiency of transformation by a bacterium.11-13-2008
20120010450HYBRID SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CONVERTING WHOLE TIRES AND OTHER SOLID CARBON MATERIALS INTO RECLAIMABLE AND REUSABLE COMPONENTS - A system and method of converting tires or other solid carbon based material is disclosed, wherein the system and method includes providing a chamber, feeding tires or other solid carbon based material or both into the chamber, rotating the chamber and heating and reducing the material in the chamber, collecting solid residue from the chamber, collecting vapor from the chamber, and converting vapor collected from the chamber to a liquid. The chamber has an interior surface and can include one or more ribs on the interior surface for rotating and tumbling the material in the chamber while heating the material. In another embodiment, wherein the material includes tires, the system and method includes rotating and heating the tires in the chamber causing the tires to collapse and liquefy, exposing the metal in the tires which aids in grinding the carbon material in the tires as they tumble, collecting solid residue, for example, tire carbons, such as carbon black, and collecting vapor, for example, vaporized oil, and benzene and methane gas from the chamber and converting the oil to, for example, No. 2 to No. 6 fuel oil. In yet another embodiment, the method includes heating the chamber to a temperature from about 500° F. to about 1000° F. using one or more low temperature gases reclaimed from the material.01-12-2012
20110166396HYDROCONVERSION PROCESS AND CATALYST - The invention relates to a process and hydrodeoxygenation catalyst for producing high-quality diesel and naphtha fuels from a feedstock that contains oxygen containing components derived from renewable organic material in which the hydrodeoxygenation catalyst is a supported Mo catalyst and in which the support has a bimodal porous structure.07-07-2011
20130012745METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON COMPONENTS - The invention relates to method for producing hydrocarbon components comprising isoparaffins from feedstock of biological origin comprising linear unsaturated fatty acids to produce diesel fuel components comprising the steps of a) converting at least part of linear unsaturated fatty acids comprised in the feedstock to corresponding branched fatty acids, and b) hydrodeoxygenating the said branched fatty acids and remaining linear fatty acids to corresponding isoparaffins and n-paraffins. The invention further relates to an arrangement for implementing the method of the invention.01-10-2013
20120022307CO-PROCESSING SOLID BIOMASS IN A CONVENTIONAL PETROLEUM REFINING PROCESS UNIT - Preparing solid biomass particles for catalytic conversion includes agitating solid biomass particles and providing a biomass-catalyst mixture to a conventional petroleum refinery process unit. The biomass-catalyst mixture includes the solid biomass particles and a catalyst. Agitating solid biomass particles includes flowing a gas to provide a velocity to at least a portion of the solid biomass particles sufficient to reduce their sizes. Co-processing a biomass feedstock and a conventional petroleum feedstock includes liquefying at least a portion of a biomass-catalyst mixture and co-processing at least a portion of the liquefied biomass feedstock and a conventional petroleum feedstock in a conventional petroleum refinery process unit. The biomass feedstock includes a plurality of solid biomass particles and a catalyst, which is liquefied to produce a liquefied biomass feedstock.01-26-2012
20120157727METHODS OF DEOXYGENATION AND SYSTEMS FOR FUEL PRODUCTION - Presented are one or more aspects and/or one or more embodiments of catalysts, methods of preparation of catalyst, methods of deoxygenation, and methods of fuel production.06-21-2012
20120157726Process For The Production Of Cellulose Based Biofuels - A process for the production of cellulose based biofuels is provided. This process includes pyrolysing a cellulose-containing feedstock to form a slurry of bioliquids and char; hydrocracking the slurry to produce a hydrocarbon gas stream, a hydrocarbon liquid stream, an impurities stream, and a residue stream; distilling the liquid hydrocarbon stream to produce at least a naphtha stream, and a diesel stream; and gasifying the residue stream to produce at least a hydrogen and a carbon monoxide stream.06-21-2012
20120065440APPARATUS FOR CONDUCTING THERMOLYSIS OF PLASTIC WASTE AND METHOD OF THERMOLYSIS IN CONTINUOUS MANNER - The subject of the invention is apparatus and method for thermolysis of waste plastics where reaction residue and carbonization products are removed continuously. Apparatus according to the invention characterized in that after the plastic feeding system (03-15-2012
20120157728 PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIO-NAPHTHA FROM COMPLEX MIXTURES OF NATURAL OCCURRING FATS AND OILS - A process for making a bio-naphtha and optionally bio-propane from a complex mixture of natural occurring fats & oils, wherein 06-21-2012
20110105814PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A HYDROCARBON COMPONENT - The invention relates to a process for producing a new type of high-quality hydrocarbon base oil of biological origin. The process of the invention comprises ketonisation, hydrodeoxygenation, and isomerization steps. Fatty acids and/or fatty acid esters based on a biological raw material are preferably used as the feedstock.05-05-2011
20110184215BIOMASS PYROLYSIS IN REFINERY FEEDSTOCK - This invention relates to biomass pyrolysis through the use of a hot liquid refinery feedstock as a heat transfer medium, preferably a vacuum gas oil feedstock.07-28-2011
20130012746PRODUCTION OF PARAFFINIC FUEL FROM RENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS - A process has been developed for producing fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant and animal oils and greases. The process involves treating a first portion of a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating in a first reaction zone and a second portion of a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating in a second reaction zone to provide a diesel boiling point range fuel hydrocarbon product. If desired, the hydrocarbon product can be isomerized to improve cold flow properties. A portion of the hydrocarbon product is recycled to the first reaction zone to increase the hydrogen solubility of the reaction mixture.01-10-2013
20120165581PRODUCTION OF PARAFFINIC FUELS FROM RENEWABLE MATERIALS USING A CONTINUOUS HYDROTREATMENT PROCESS - The invention concerns a process for hydrotreating a feed originating from renewable sources such as vegetable oils to produce paraffinic hydrocarbons in the presence of hydrogen in excess over the theoretical hydrogen consumption and under hydrotreatment conditions in a fixed bed reactor having a plurality of catalytic zones disposed in series and comprising a hydrotreatment catalyst. The total feed flow is divided into a certain number of different part flows equal to the number of catalytic zones in the reactor; the various part flows are injected into the successive catalytic zones in increasing proportions to produce an effluent comprising paraffinic hydrocarbons. The effluent undergoes a separation step in order to separate a gas fraction and a liquid fraction containing the paraffinic hydrocarbons. At least a portion of said liquid fraction is recycled to the first catalytic zone so that the weight ratio between said recycle and the part flow introduced into the first catalytic zone is 10 or more.06-28-2012
20120316371METHOD OF USING WASTE HOT ROCK TRANSFER TO THERMALLY CONJOIN DISPARATE CARBONACEOUS-RICH PROCESS STREAMS - A method of concurrently retorting dissimilar hydrocarbonaceous resource streams comprising at least two rotary kilns arranged in a series and closely coupled in an air-tight continuous process flow configuration so as to create a virtual singular rotary kiln yet having distinct residence times and temperature differentials and material processing zones also having continuous thermal coupling and process efficiency achieved by passing along from the first rotary kiln all of the hot spent inorganic waste materials between and into the at least second rotary kiln to then have other dissimilar hydrocarbonaceous matter added therein and differentially heated until the hot inorganic waste materials are released from the at least the second rotary kiln and the increasing residual waste matter volume generated in the combined serial process is ultimately discharged into a secondary heat recovery system.12-13-2012
20120215042Production Processes, Systems, Methods, and Apparatuses - The present disclosure provides production processes that can include exposing a carbon-based material to liquid media to form hydrocarbon fuel. Waste to fuel conversion processes as well as waste material processing reactors are provided that can be configured to convert waste to fuel. Heat exchangers, power generation processes and combustion turbine exhaust apparatus are also provided. Fuel generation processes and generation systems are provided. Reaction media conduit systems as well as processes for servicing reactant media pumps coupled to both inlet and outlet conduits containing reactant media, are also provided.08-23-2012
20120083633OPTIMAL ENERGY PATHWAY TO RENEWABLE DOMESTIC AND OTHER FUELS - A novel, energy efficient process of producing jet fuel is disclosed herein. The process is based on utilizing a medium chain fatty acid source such as cuphea oil, which precludes the need for high-energy fatty acid chain cracking to achieve the shorter molecules needed for jet fuels and other fuels with low-temperature flow requirements. In an embodiment, a process for producing a jet fuel comprises providing a medium chain fatty acid source. The method also comprises cleaving the one or more medium chain fatty acid groups from the glycerides to form glycerol and one or more free fatty acids. The method further comprises decarboxylating the one or more medium chain fatty acids to form one or more hydrocarbons for the production of the jet fuel.04-05-2012
20080312480CATALYTIC PROCESS FOR CONVERTING RENEWABLE RESOURCES INTO PARAFFINS FOR USE AS DIESEL BLENDING STOCKS - A process for converting renewable resources such as vegetable oil and animal fat into paraffins in a single step which comprises contacting a feed which is a renewable resources with hydrogen and a catalyst which comprises molybdenum, a non-precious metal and an oxide to produce a hydrocarbon product having a ratio of even-numbered hydrocarbons to odd-numbered hydrocarbons of at least 2:1.12-18-2008
20080281133Three-Stage Gasification - Biomass-to-Electricity Process with an Acetylene Process - The invention relates to a process for the generation of electrical energy and byproducts from the gasification of biomass and/or environmental waste materials. Environmental waste and/or renewable biomass is processed by three separate stages of gasification. The first stage is a pyrolysis chamber with firebox which gasifies solid material into gaseous and liquid hydrocarbon compounds at temperatures below 800 F. The second stage is a fixed bed chamber gasifier which produces the acetylene and hydrogen gases at approximately 1400 F. The third stage is a high temperature reactor which produces molten calcium carbide at 3500 F. Various solid, liquid, and gaseous byproducts are produced along the way. The second stage gases include carbon monoxide, methane, hydrogen, acetylene and other biogases which are used to generate electricity in an internal combustion engine. The calcium carbide with water reaction generates acetylene gas and is used to enrich the gaseous fuel to the internal combustion engine or as a storable solid fuel. The energy generated from the partial combustion of the biomass/waste material is used to fuel the three gasification chambers. Air emissions tests shows ultra low pollution levels from this process.11-13-2008
20120323057Process for Converting Cellulose and/or Hemicellulose in a Liquid Fuel Comprising Dissolution in Ionic Liquid - A process is disclosed for converting cellulose to liquid fuels. In the process the cellulose is dissolved in an ionic Liquid medium. The conversion process may comprise pyrolysis, thermal cracking, hydrocracking, catalytic cracking, hydrotreatment, or a combination thereof. The Ionic Liquid medium preferably is an inorganic molten salt hydrate.12-20-2012
20120271074PROCESS FOR CONVERTING A SOLID BIOMASS MATERIAL - A process for converting a solid biomass material is provided. The solid biomass material and a fluid hydrocarbon feed is contacted with a catalytic cracking catalyst at a temperature of more than 400° C. in a riser reactor to produce one or more cracked products. The solid biomass material is supplied to the riser reactor at a location upstream of the location where the fluid hydrocarbon feed is supplied to the riser reactor.10-25-2012
20120271073PROCESS FOR REGENERATING A COKED CATALYTIC CRACKING CATALYST - A process for regenerating a coked catalytic cracking catalyst which the carbon-containing deposits on the catalyst contains at least 1 wt % bio-carbon, based on the total weight of carbon present in the carbon-containing deposits is provided. Such coked catalytic cracking catalyst is contacted with an oxygen containing gas at a temperature of equal to or more than 550° C. in a regenerator to produce a regenerated catalytic cracking catalyst, heat and carbon dioxide.10-25-2012
20120271072HYDROMETHANATION OF A CARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK - The present invention relates to processes for hydromethanating a carbonaceous feedstock to a methane-enriched synthesis gas and a char by-product, with catalyst recovery from the by-product char to generate a spent char, and with treatment of the spent char to generate a carbon rich portion which is ultimately recycled to the hydromethanation reactor to increase overall carbon utilization and increase yields of product gas (per unit of feedstock).10-25-2012
20110230689DISPOSAL OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT - The present invention relates to a method for disposing electrical and electronic equipment comprising plastic and metal components, the method comprising: melt processing the equipment and/or comminuted parts thereof to form a melt processed product; transferring the melt processed product into a vessel and heating the product using far infrared radiation such that it liberates volatile hydrocarbons and leaves behind non-volatile residue comprising metal; and collecting one or both of the volatile hydrocarbons and the non-volatile residue for subsequent use.09-22-2011
20110237850METHODS OF PRODUCING JET FUEL FROM NATURAL OIL FEEDSTOCKS THROUGH METATHESIS REACTIONS - Methods are provided for producing a jet fuel composition from a feedstock comprising a natural oil. The methods comprise reacting the feedstock with a low-weight olefin in the presence of a metathesis catalyst under conditions sufficient to form a metathesized product. The methods further comprise hydrogenating the metathesized product under conditions sufficient to form a jet fuel composition.09-29-2011
20120277499SUSPENSION OF SOLID BIOMASS PARTICLES IN A HYDROCARBON-CONTAINING LIQUID - A process to prepare a suspension of solid biomass particles in a hydrocarbon-containing liquid for a catalytic cracking process is provided. A catalytic cracking process and subsequent processing of the cracked product from such suspension of solid biomass particles in the hydrocarbon-containing liquid is also provided.11-01-2012
20120101319CATALYTIC HYDROTHERMAL TREATMENT OF BIOMASS - Biomass based feeds are processed under hydrothermal treatment conditions, e.g., to produce a hydrocarbon liquid product and a solids portion. The hydrothermal treatment is performed in the presence of a dissolved catalyst or catalyst precursor. The presence of the dissolved catalyst or catalyst precursor can modify the nature of the hydrocarbon products produced from the hydrothermal treatment.04-26-2012
20120101318PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE BIOFUELS - A process and system for separating and upgrading bio-oil into renewable fuels is provided. The process comprises separating bio-oil into a light fraction and heavy fraction based on their boiling points. The heavy fraction is then subjected to hydrotreatment, while the light fraction is not subjected to hydrotreatment. At least a portion of the un-hydrotreated light fraction and at least a portion of the hydrotreated heavy fraction are blended with petroleum-derived gasoline to thereby provide a renewable gasoline, and at least a portion of the hydrotreated heavy fraction is blended with petroleum-derived diesel to thereby provide a renewable diesel.04-26-2012
20130172636CARBON-BASED DURABLE GOODS AND RENEWABLE FUEL FROM BIOMASS WASTE DISSOCIATION FOR TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE - Techniques, systems, apparatus and material are disclosed for generating renewable energy from biomass waste while sequestering carbon. In one aspect, method performed by a reactor to dissociate raw biomass waste into a renewable source energy or a carbon byproduct or both includes receiving the raw biomass waste that includes carbon, hydrogen and oxygen to be dissociated under an anaerobic reaction. Waste heat is recovered from an external heat source to heat the received raw biomass waste. The heated raw biomass waste is dissociated to produce the renewable fuel, carbon byproduct or both. The dissociating includes compacting the heated raw biomass waste, generating heat from an internal heat source, and applying the generated heat to the compacted biomass waste under pressure.07-04-2013
20130172637METHOD OF HYDROGASIFICATION OF BIOMASS TO METHANE WITH LOW DEPOSITABLE TARS - A method for converting lignocellulosic biomass to a useful fuel is disclosed in a process sequence resulting in low levels of depositable tars in an output gas stream. One disclosed embodiment comprises performing a sequence of steps at elevated pressure and elevated hydrogen partial pressure, including fast (or flash) hydropyrolysis of a lignocellulosic biomass feed followed sequentially with catalytically enhanced reactions for the formation of methane operating at moderate temperatures of from about 400° C. to about 650° C. under moderately elevated pressure (about 5 atm to about 50 atm). A temperature rise in the catalyst above pyrolysis temperature is achieved without the addition of air or oxygen. Gas residence time at elevated temperature downstream of methane formation zones extends beyond the time required for methane formation. This sequence results in low tar deposit levels. The catalyst promotes preferential formation of methane and non-deposit forming hydrocarbons, and coke re-gasification.07-04-2013
20130178672PROCESS FOR MAKING A DISTILLATE PRODUCT AND/OR C2-C4 OLEFINS - A process for making a distillate product and one or more C2-C4 olefins from a FCC feedstock containing a cellulosic material and a hydrocarbon co-feed is provided.07-11-2013
20130102818PROCESS OF CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO FUEL - The present invention is directed to processes for the direct conversion of lipidic biomass fuelstock to combustible fuels. In particular, the invention provides a process for the direct conversion of animal fats to transportations fuels suitable as replacement for petroleum-derived transportation fuels. In one embodiment, the method comprises the steps of hydrolyzing a lipidic biomass to form free fatty acids, catalytically deoxygenating the free fatty acids to form n-alkanes, and reforming at least a portion of the n-alkanes into a mixture of compounds in the correct chain length, conformations, and ratio to be useful transportation fuels. Particularly, the product prepared according to the invention comprises mixtures of hydrocarbon compounds selected from the group consisting of n-alkanes, isoalkanes, aromatics, cycloalkanes, and combinations thereof.04-25-2013
20080200737Process for Breaking the Carbon Chains of Organic Molecules of Solid Materials and Related Apparatus - A process for breaking chains of organic molecules in which solid material comprising organic molecules is subjected to a mechanical stretching and squashing action, until it assumes a pasty consistency that by internal friction is subjected to a temperature and pressure increase in the absence of air, which breaks its long molecular bonds and determines the separation of the phases of the components.08-21-2008
20110237852PRODUCTION OF DIESEL FUEL FROM BIORENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS WITH SELECTIVE SEPARATION OF CONVERTED OXYGEN - A process has been developed for producing diesel boiling range fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant and animal fats and oils, the process providing for sulfur management. The process involves catalytically treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide a hydrocarbon fraction useful as a diesel boiling range fuel. The hydrocarbon fraction is isomerized to improve cold flow properties. A selective separation such as a hot high pressure hydrogen stripper is used to remove at least the carbon oxides from the first zone effluent before entering the isomerization zone, and to provide liquid recycle to the treating zone at pressure and temperature. A vapor stream is separated from the isomerization effluent and at least carbon dioxide is removed using at least one selective or flexible amine solution absorber. The resulting hydrogen-rich stream is recycled to the deoxygenation reaction zone09-29-2011
20130150635HYDROCONVERSION OF RENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS - A hydrocarbon conversion process comprises contacting a renewable feedstock under hydroprocessing conditions with a bulk catalyst to form oleochemicals such as fatty alcohols, esters, and normal paraffins. Advantageously, the reaction conditions can be selected to directly convert the renewable feedstock to the desired product(s).06-13-2013
20130150636HYDROCONVERSION OF RENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS - A hydrocarbon conversion process comprises contacting a renewable feedstock under hydroprocessing conditions with supported catalyst comprising at least one metal selected from the group consisting of Group VIII metals, Group VIB metals to form oleochemicals such as fatty alcohols, esters, and normal paraffins. Advantageously, the reaction conditions can be selected to directly convert the renewable feedstock to the desired product(s).06-13-2013
20130184505Methods for Producing Hydrocarbon Products from Bio-Oils and/or Coal-Oils - The present invention relates to a method for producing a hydrocarbon product from coal and/or biomass comprising the following steps: converting the coal to a coal-oil and/or converting the biomass to bio-oil, optionally processing the coal-oil and/or bio-oil in a hydroprocessing reaction to remove one or more of oxygen, nitrogen or sulfur from hydrocarbon compounds in the coal-oil and/or bio-oil; and using at least a portion of the coal-oil and/or bio-oil as a feedstock in a cracking reaction to convert hydrocarbon compounds in the feedstock into a mixture of smaller hydrocarbon compounds comprising the hydrocarbon product.07-18-2013
20110313219DEOXYGENATION OF BIOMASS DERIVED OXYGENATES TO HYDROCARBONS VIA DIRECT METHANE INTERVENTION - The application describes a process where methane or any short chained hydrocarbon could be catalytically coupled with an oxygenate (preferably derived from thermal processing of biomass) to dehydrate and produce a deoxygenated hydrocarbon. The presence of oxygen in biomass derivatives adversely affects its ability to be further processed into hydrocarbon fuels because the resulting water poisons many catalysts (including alumina containing catalysts, zeolites, etc.) found in petrochemical refineries. While commonly used hydrodeoxygenation methods require expensive hydrogen to instigate deoxygenation, the present process uses short chained hydrocarbons (such as methane or natural gas) to instigate hydrodeoxygenation.12-22-2011
20110313218Systems, Apparatus and Methods of a Dome Retort - A system, apparatus and method for hydrocarbon extraction from feedstock material that is or includes organic material, such as oil shale, coal, lignite, tar sands, animal waste and biomass. A retort system including at least one retort vessel may include a monolithic dome structure surrounded by a process isolation barrier, the dome structure being sealingly engaged with the process isolation barrier. The dome structure and the process isolation barrier define a retort chamber, at least a portion of which may comprise a subterranean chamber. A lower end of the dome retort structure provides an exit for collected hydrocarbons and spent feedstock material. Systems may include a plurality of such dome retort structures. A control system may be used for controlling one or more operating parameters of a retorting process performed within such a dome retort structure for extraction and collection of hydrocarbons.12-22-2011
20120289753METHOD AND INSTALLATION FOR COMPLETE RECYCLING THROUGH DEPOLYMERISATION - The present invention relates to the recycling by depolymerisation through thermolysis. A method and installation for depolymerisation through efficient thermolysis for recycling is provided that allow the production of light hydrocarbons having high quality and being free of impurities and contaminants. This objective is achieved by methods and installations where either the secondary products of the process are re-fed to supply energy for the main recycling process or are refined to manufacture final usable and saleable products. Therefore, the use of the energy content of the starting materials is maximised by assuring their full utilisation, minimising the environmental harm while an energetically autonomous installation is provided. All the components of the waste or starting material may be recycled, by physico-chemical means, and no additional contaminant waste is produced.11-15-2012
20120029253LARGE SCALE GREEN MANUFACTURING OF ETHYLENE(ETHENE) USING PLASMA - A method and system for converting waste using plasma into ethylene. The method uses minimal fossil fuel, and therefore produces a minimal carbon footprint when compared to conventional processes. The method includes the steps of supplying a fuel material to a plasma melter; supplying electrical energy to the plasma melter; supplying steam to the plasma melter; extracting a syngas from the plasma melter; extracting hydrogen from the syngas; and forming ethylene from the hydrogen produced in the step of extracting hydrogen.02-02-2012
20120029252METHODS FOR PREPARING FUEL COMPOSITIONS FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES, AND RELATED SYSTEMS - A method for producing a fuel composition from a feedstock which may contain biomass and municipal solid waste is described. The method includes the step of pyrolyzing the feedstock in the presence of a transition metal, using microwave energy, so that the level of oxygen in at least one product of the pyrolysis is reduced. An integrated process is also described, in which the transition metal can be regenerated. Moreover, pyrolysis products such as bio-oils can be upgraded to liquid fuel compositions. Related systems for producing fuel compositions are also described.02-02-2012
20130204054CO-PROCESSING OF BIOMASS AND SYNTHETIC POLYMER BASED MATERIALS IN A PYROLYSIS CONVERSION PROCESS - Disclosed is a process for biomass conversion which includes co-processing the biomass with thermoplastic and non-thermoplastic polymer based materials in a catalytic pyrolysis reactor to convert such to liquid hydrocarbons; wherein hydrogen atoms originating with the polymer materials can remove oxygen from oxygenated hydrocarbons produced in the conversion of the biomass in the reactor.08-08-2013

Patent applications in class PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON MIXTURE FROM REFUSE OR VEGETATION

Patent applications in all subclasses PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON MIXTURE FROM REFUSE OR VEGETATION