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568 - Organic compounds -- part of the class 532-570 series

568000000 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (CLASS 532, SUBCLASS 1)

568300000 - OXYGEN CONTAINING (E.G., PERCHLORYLBENZENE, ETC.)

568700000 - Hydroxy containing (H of -OH may be replaced by a Group IA or IIA light metal)

568840000 - Acyclic

568876000 - Preparing from carbonyl containing compound

568884000 - By reduction (e.g., by hydrogenation, etc.)

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DocumentTitleDate
20130030224NANOMETER-SIZED COPPER-BASED CATALYST, PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF, AND ALCOHOL PRODUCTION METHOD USING THE SAME THROUGH DIRECT HYDROGENATION OF CARBOXYLIC ACID - Disclosed is a nano-sized Cu based catalyst and a method of preparing the same including dissolving, in an aqueous solution, a first component comprising a Cu precursor, a second component precursor comprising one or more selected from the group consisting of a transition metal, an alkaline earth metal and a Group IIIb metal, and a third component precursor comprising one or more selected from the group consisting of alumina, silica, silica-alumina, magnesia, titania, zirconia and carbon and then performing stirring; precipitating the stirred mixture solution using Na2CO3 and NaOH to form a catalyst precursor precipitate; and washing and filtering the formed catalyst precursor precipitate. Also a method of preparing alcohol is provided, including reacting hydrogen with carboxylic acid including a single acid or an acid mixture of two or more acids derived from a microorganism fermented solution, using the nano-sized Cu based catalyst.01-31-2013
20130035524PROCESS FOR RECOVERING ALCOHOL - Recovery of an alcohol such as ethanol from a crude alcohol product, preferably obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid using a low energy process. The crude ethanol product is separated in a column to produce a distillate stream comprising ethyl acetate and a residue stream comprising ethanol, acetic acid, and water. The ethanol product is recovered in a second column as an ethanol side stream.02-07-2013
20130035523Reducing Acetals During Ethanol Separation Process - To reduce acetal concentrations when separating ethanol from a crude product in one or more distillation column, at least one of the columns is operated at a higher pressure to increase the equilibrium constant that favors hydrolysis of the acetal. The crude product may comprise ethanol, acetaldehyde, water and one or more acetals, such as diethyl acetal. The acetal concentration may be reduced thus reducing the need to separate acetal from the crude product.02-07-2013
20130035525PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ANHYDROUS ETHANOL USING EXTRACTIVE DISTILLATION COLUMN - The present invention relates to the recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of crude ethanol product are employed to allow recovery of an anhydrous ethanol composition. The process involves separating the crude ethanol product using one or more extractive distillation columns that employ one or more extractive agents. The anhydrous ethanol composition comprises less than 1 wt. % water, based on the total weight of the anhydrous ethanol composition.02-07-2013
20130035521Process for Separating Ethanol Having Low Acid - A process for operating a distillation column to separate an ethanol mixture comprising ethanol and acetic acid where the recovered ethanol comprises less than 700 wppm acetic acid. The operating conditions for the column may vary depending on the fed composition. In particular the process provides energy efficient recovery of ethanol with low concentration acetic acid.02-07-2013
20130035520REDUCING IMPURITIES IN HYDROGENATION PROCESSES WITH MULTIPLE REACTION ZONES - In a hydrogenation processes, a second lower temperature hydrogenation reactor is used to control the concentration of impurities, namely ethyl acetate, acetaldehyde, and acetal, prior to separating the reaction mixtures. Controlling impurities reduces the need for separation capital and improves overall efficiencies for recovering alcohols.02-07-2013
20130035522Processes for Separating Ethanol Having Low Acid - A process for reducing ethyl acetate and/or diethyl acetal concentration of a crude ethanol product by hydrolysis is disclosed. A portion of the water is initially separated from the crude ethanol product in a first column residue. Ethyl acetate in the first column distillate is hydrolyzed to form additional ethanol and acetic acid. Product ethanol is recovered in a second distillation column preferably in a side stream and acetic acid is removed in the second column residue.02-07-2013
20130035519REDUCING ACETALS AND/OR ESTERS DURING ETHANOL SEPARATION PROCESS - To reduce acetal and/or ester concentrations when separating ethanol from a crude product in one or more distillation column, at least one of the columns is operated at a higher pressure to increase the equilibrium constant that favors hydrolysis of the acetal. The crude product may comprise ethanol, acetaldehyde, water, ethyl acetate and one or more acetals, such as diethyl acetal. The acetal and/or ester concentration may be reduced thus reducing the need to separate acetal and/or ester from the crude product.02-07-2013
20130035518REDUCING ACETALS DURING ETHANOL SEPARATION PROCESS USING HIGH PRESSURE DISTILLATION COLUMN - To reduce acetal concentrations when separating ethanol from a crude product in one or more distillation column, at least one of the columns is operated at a higher pressure to increase the equilibrium constant that favors hydrolysis of the acetal. The crude product may comprise ethanol, acetaldehyde, water and one or more acetals, such as diethyl acetal. The acetal concentration may be reduced thus reducing the need to separate acetal from the crude product.02-07-2013
20130046119INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ETHANOL FROM METHANOL - Processes and systems for forming ethanol from methanol. The process involves carbonylating the methanol to form acetic acid and hydrogenating the acetic acid to form ethanol. In a first aspect, at least some hydrogen for the hydrogenating step is derived from a tail gas stream formed in the carbonylation step. In a second aspect, at least some carbon monoxide for the carbonylation step is derived from a vapor stream in the hydrogenation system. In a third aspect, a syngas stream is separated to form a hydrogen stream and a carbon monoxide stream, and the hydrogen stream is methanated to remove residual carbon monoxide prior to being introduced into the hydrogenation system.02-21-2013
20130046120INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ETHANOL - Processes and systems for forming ethanol from methanol. The process involves carbonylating the methanol to form acetic acid and hydrogenating the acetic acid to form ethanol. In a first aspect, at least some hydrogen for the hydrogenating step is derived from a tail gas stream formed in the carbonylation step. In a second aspect, at least some carbon monoxide for the carbonylation step is derived from a vapor stream in the hydrogenation system. In a third aspect, a syngas stream is separated to form a hydrogen stream and a carbon monoxide stream, and the hydrogen stream is methanated to remove residual carbon monoxide prior to being introduced into the hydrogenation system.02-21-2013
20130090501PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ETHANOL USING A CRUDE VINYL ACETATE FEED - Converting a crude vinyl acetate feed to ethanol by hydrogenating the acetic acid and ethyl acetate in the crude vinyl acetate feed. The crude vinyl acetate feed may comprise acetic acid and/or ethyl acetate, as well as vinyl acetate and minor amounts of vinyl propionate. The crude vinyl acetate feed may be obtained from an azeotrope column as either a sidestream or a bottom stream in a vinyl acetate production process.04-11-2013
20130090500PROCESSES FOR HYDROGENATING ALKANOIC ACIDS USING CATALYST COMPRISING TUNGSTEN - A process hydrogenating alkanoic acids in the presence of a catalyst that comprises supports, one or more metals, tungsten oxide, and at least one alkaline earth metal oxide or metasilicate. The molar ratio of the at least one alkaline earth metal oxide or metasilicate to tungsten oxide, based on the metals, is from 1:3 to 5:1.04-11-2013
20130072728Process for Vapor Phase Hydrogenation - A process for selective formation of ethanol from acetic acid includes contacting a feed stream containing acetic acid and hydrogen at an elevated temperature with catalyst comprising platinum and tin on a high surface area silica promoted with calcium metasilicate. Selectivities to ethanol of over 85% are achieved at 280° C. with catalyst life in the hundreds of hours.03-21-2013
20130165703Hydrogenation Catalysts Having An Amorphous Support - The present invention relates to a catalyst having an amorphous support and one or more active metals. The amorphous support may comprise a support material and an amorphous support modifier, which adjusts the acidity of the support material. In preparing the amorphous catalyst, post-synthesis treatment, i.e. calcination, may be used to adjust the catalyst performance while converting acetic acid to ethanol.06-27-2013
20130165704PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ETHANOL IN A REACTOR HAVING A CONSTANT TEMPERATURE - The present invention, in one embodiment, relates to a process for producing ethanol. The process comprises the step of reacting acetic acid and hydrogen in a shell and tube reactor and in the presence of a catalyst under conditions effective to form a crude ethanol product. The crude ethanol product comprises ethanol, acetic acid, ethyl acetate, and water. The process further comprises the step of recovering ethanol from the crude ethanol product. The shell and tube reactor comprises one or more tubes, each containing a heat transfer medium, and a shell comprising the catalyst. Preferably, the shell and tube reactor has an inlet temperature and an outlet temperature and the inlet temperature is substantially similar to or less than the outlet temperature.06-27-2013
20130165700Catalysts Comprising Secondary Noble Metals and Process for Producing Ethanol - The present invention relates to a catalyst comprising platinum, tin and a secondary noble metal selected from the group consisting of rhodium, palladium, gold and iridium. The catalyst may be on a support. In some embodiments, the support may comprise calcium. The catalyst is used for converting acetic acid to ethanol.06-27-2013
20130165701Catalysts Having Promoter Metals and Process for Producing Ethanol - The present invention relates to a catalyst. The catalyst is used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises platinum, tin, a base metal selected from calcium and/or tungsten and a promoter metal selected from barium, potassium and/or cesium.06-27-2013
20130165702Calcination of Modified Support to Prepare Hydrogenation Catalysts - The present invention relates to a catalyst having an amorphous support and one or more active metals. The amorphous support may comprise a support material and an amorphous support modifier, which adjusts the acidity of the support material. In preparing the amorphous catalyst, post-synthesis treatment, i.e. calcination, may be used to adjust the catalyst performance while converting acetic acid to ethanol.06-27-2013
20120238786Reduction of Acid Within Column Through Esterification During the Production of Alcohols - Purifying and/or recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of crude ethanol mixture are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities. In addition, the process involves the esterification of acetic acid in a column used for recovering the ethanol.09-20-2012
20120238785Process For The Production of Ethanol From An Acetic Acid Feed and A Recycled Ethyl Acetate Feed - The present invention produces ethanol in a reactor that comprises a catalyst composition and a feed stream comprising acetic acid and a recycled liquid stream comprising ethyl acetate. The catalyst composition comprises a first catalyst comprising platinum, cobalt, and/or tin and a second catalyst comprising copper. The crude ethanol product may be separated and ethanol recovered.09-20-2012
20110282110Palladium Catalysts for Making Ethanol from Acetic Acid - Catalysts and processes for forming catalysts for use in hydrogenating acetic acid to form ethanol. The catalyst comprises palladium and chromium on a support.11-17-2011
20110282109Ethanol Production from Acetic Acid Utilizing a Cobalt Catalyst - A process for the selective and direct formation of ethanol from acetic acid comprising contacting a feed stream containing acetic acid and hydrogen in vapor form at an elevated temperature with a hydrogenation catalyst comprising cobalt and one or more metals selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, rhenium, iridium, chromium, copper, tin, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium, zinc and iron on a catalyst support.11-17-2011
20120010445Low Energy Alcohol Recovery Processes - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid using various combinations of membranes and/or distillation columns.01-12-2012
20110046421PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ALCOHOL FROM A CARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK - The present invention relates to a process for the production of ethanol from a carbonaceous feedstock, wherein the carbonaceous feedstock is first converted to synthesis gas which is then converted to ethanoic acid, which is then subject to a two stage hydrogenation process by which at least a part of the ethanoic acid is converted by a primary hydrogenation process to ethyl ethanoate, which ethyl ethanoate is converted by a secondary hydrogenation process to produce ethanol.02-24-2011
20110263911Direct and Selective Production of Ethanol from Acetic Acid Utilizing a Platinum/ Tin Catalyst - A process for the selective production of ethanol by vapor phase reaction of acetic acid over a hydrogenating catalyst composition to form ethanol is disclosed and claimed. In an embodiment of this invention reaction of acetic acid and hydrogen over a platinum and tin supported on silica, graphite, calcium silicate or silica-alumina selectively produces ethanol in a vapor phase at a temperature of about 250° C.10-27-2011
20100121114Tunable catalyst gas phase hydrogenation of carboxylic acids - A process for selective formation of ethanol from acetic acid includes contacting a feed stream containing acetic acid and hydrogen at an elevated temperature with catalyst comprising platinum and tin on a high surface area silica promoted with calcium metasilicate. Selectivities to ethanol of over 85% are achieved at 280° C. with catalyst life in the hundreds of hours.05-13-2010
20100113843PROCESS OF PRODUCING MONOHYDRIC ALCOHOLS FROM MONOCARBOXYLIC ACIDS OR DERIVATIVES THEREOF - Disclosed herein is a method for producing monohydric alcohols from monocarboxylic acids or derivatives thereof using a catalyst comprising ruthenium (Ru) and tin (Sn) using zinc oxide (ZnO) as both a catalyst support and an active promoter; a catalyst prepared by adding an inorganic binder such as silica, alumina or titania in a limited range to the catalyst comprising the above components in order to impart a shaping ability to the catalyst; or, a modified catalyst reformed by adding at least one reducing component selected from the group consisting of Co, Ni, Cu, Ag, Rh, Pd, Re, Ir, and Pt to the catalyst in order to improve the reducing ability of the catalyst. By using such catalysts, the method according to the present invention is advantageous in that the monohydric alcohols can be prepared in high yield regardless of whether the monocarboxylic acids contain water or not, the monohydric alcohols can be economically prepared because the catalysts can be operated under mild reaction conditions and also exhibits high selectivity and productivity compared to conventional catalysts, and the catalysts have excellent long-term reaction stability so as to be advantageous for industrial applications.05-06-2010
20130217924METHOD FOR PRODUCING HIGHER ALCOHOL - Provided is a method of producing a higher alcohol, comprising a step of hydrogenating a lipid obtained by culturing 08-22-2013
20110224462HYDROGENATION OF ETHANOIC ACID TO PRODUCE ETHANOL - The present invention relates to a process for producing methanol and ethanol, wherein the methanol is produced from synthesis gas and the ethanol is produced via the hydrogenation of an ethanoic acid feed; characterised in that the hydrogenation of the ethanoic acid feed is carried out within the same alcohol synthesis unit and in the presence of the same catalyst(s) that is used to produce the methanol from the synthesis gas and wherein the feed introduced to the alcohol synthesis unit comprises synthesis gas and ethanoic acid.09-15-2011
20090023962METHOD FOR PRODUCING ALCOHOL - The invention relates to a process for producing an alcohol from fats and oils, including: 01-22-2009
20120142978PROMOTED COPPER/ZINC CATALYST FOR HYDROGENATING ALDEHYDES TO ALCOHOLS - A catalyst for hydrogenating aldehydes to alcohols includes a combination of copper oxide and zinc oxide and promoters including one or more alkaline earth metal promoters and/or one or more transition metal promoters. The promoters may be combined with copper oxide and zinc oxide after formation of a copper/zinc precursor material.06-07-2012
20120245396Recovering Ethanol Sidedraw By Separating Crude Product From Hydrogenation Process - A process for producing ethanol is disclosed, comprising the steps of hydrogenating acetic acid in a reactor in the presence of a catalyst to form a crude ethanol product, separating at least a portion of the crude ethanol product in a column into a first distillate comprising ethanol and a first residue comprising acetic acid and water, wherein a substantial portion of the water in the crude ethanol product that is fed to the column is removed in the first residue, and separating a portion of the ethanol mixture stream to the second distillation column to yield an ethanol product sidedraw, second residue comprising water and a second distillate comprising ethyl acetate. The water content of the ethanol product sidedraw may be further reduced to yield a stream having reduced water content.09-27-2012
20110004033Direct and Selective Production of Ethanol from Acetic Acid Utilizing a Platinum/ Tin Catalyst - A process for the selective production of ethanol by vapor phase reaction of acetic acid over a hydrogenating catalyst composition to form ethanol is disclosed and claimed. In an embodiment of this invention reaction of acetic acid and hydrogen over a platinum and tin supported on silica, graphite, calcium silicate or silica-alumina selectively produces ethanol in a vapor phase at a temperature of about 250° C.01-06-2011
20110245546Ethanol Production from Acetic Acid Utilizing a Cobalt Catalyst - A process for the selective production of ethanol by vapor phase reaction of acetic acid over a hydrogenating catalyst composition to form ethanol is disclosed and claimed. In an embodiment of this invention reaction of acetic acid and hydrogen over either cobalt and palladium supported on graphite or cobalt and platinum supported on silica selectively produces ethanol in a vapor phase at a temperature of about 250° C.10-06-2011
20110082322Process for Making Ethanol From Acetic Acid Using Acidic Catalysts - A process for selective formation of ethanol from acetic acid by hydrogenating acetic acid in the presence of a catalyst comprises a first metal on an acidic support. The acidic support may comprise an acidic support material or may comprise an support having an acidic support modifier. The catalyst may be used alone to produced ethanol via hydrogenation or in combination with another catalyst. In addition, the crude ethanol product is separated to obtain ethanol.04-07-2011
20120277491REDUCING ETHYL ACETATE CONCENTRATION IN RECYCLE STREAMS FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION PROCESSES - Recycle streams in an ethanol production process are hydrolyzed to reduce ethyl acetate concentration. In the process, acetic acid is hydrogenated to form a crude ethanol product, which undergoes a separation or purification process. Ethyl acetate is formed as a byproduct of the hydrogenation of acetic acid. The hydrolysis of recycle steams from the separation process can reduce the concentration of ethyl acetate, converting some or all of the ethyl acetate to acetic acid and ethanol.11-01-2012
20080242899Process for Production of Purified Alcohols - A process for producing purified alcohols yielding good results in the acid wash color test which comprises the condensation step of subjecting an aldehyde to aldol condensation and dehydration to obtain a corresponding condensate, the hydrogenation step of hydrogenating the condensate into a crude alcohol, and the purification step of distilling the crude alcohol to obtain a purified alcohol, characterized by feeding into the purification step a crude alcohol containing compounds having oxygenic heterocycles bearing carbon-carbon double bonds in the cycle in a concentration of as low as 200 ppm by weight or below. In particular, the aldehyde is n-butyraldehyde, the condensate is 2-ethylhexenal, and the alcohol is 2-ethylhexanol.10-02-2008
20120277487Process for Removing Aldehydes from Ethanol Reaction Mixture - A process for purifying an ethanol stream that comprises byproduct, such as aldehyde, acetals, and/or esters, but withdrawing a sidestream comprising ethanol from a distillation column. The sidestream may have a reduced concentration of aldehyde that reduces the formation of acetals in subsequent purification of the ethanol stream.11-01-2012
20120277486PROCESS FOR REDUCING THE CONCENTRATION OF ACETIC ACID IN A CRUDE ALCOHOL PRODUCT - A process for producing ethanol and, in particular, to a process for reducing the concentration of acetic acid in a crude ethanol product by esterifying unreacted acetic acid with an alcohol.11-01-2012
20110257443Catalyst Supports Having Crystalline Support Modifiers - A catalyst comprising a first metal, a silicaceous support, and at least one metasilicate support modifier, wherein at least 1 wt. % of the at least one metasilicate support modifier is crystalline in phase, as determined by x-ray diffraction. The invention also relates to processes for forming such catalysts, to supports used therein, and to processes for hydrogenating acetic acid in the presence of such catalysts.10-20-2011
20110257442Process for Vaporizing Acetic Acid for Hydrogenation Processes to Produce Ethanol - Vaporizing acetic acid in the presence of hydrogen to provide a vapor feed stream for a hydrogenation process that produces ethanol. The vaporizer forms a vapor feed stream and a blowdown stream having a weight ratio of the vapor feed stream to the blowdown stream of at least 2:1. The acetic acid may vaporized at a temperature below acetic acid's boiling point at the operating pressure of the reactor. The hydrogenation process produces a crude ethanol product and ethanol is separated from the crude product. In addition, at least one recycle stream comprising acetic acid and less than 1.0 wt. % compounds having a boiling point higher than acetic acid, may also be separated. The recycle streams may be introduced to the vaporizer along with acetic acid to form the vapor feed stream.10-20-2011
20120149949PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ETHANOL USING A STACKED BED REACTOR - The present invention produces ethanol in a stacked bed reactor that comprises a first catalyst comprising platinum and tin and a second catalyst comprising copper or an oxide thereof. The crude ethanol product may be separated and ethanol recovered.06-14-2012
20110190547PROCESS FOR RECOVERING ETHANOL - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of the crude ethanol products are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities.08-04-2011
20110190552Process for Heat Integration for Ethanol Production and Purification Process - Ethanol production from the hydrogenation of acetic acid requires energy to drive the hydrogenation reaction and the purification of the crude ethanol product. Heat integration process to recover heat from one part of the production process to be used within the process improves efficiencies and reduces costs.08-04-2011
20110190551Processes for Producing Ethanol from Acetaldehyde - In one embodiment, the invention is to a process for forming an ethanol mixture by hydrogenating an acetaldehyde feed stream in the presence of a catalyst. The acetaldehyde feed stream comprises acetaldehyde and at least one of acetic acid and ethanol. Preferably the acetaldehyde feed stream is a by-product stream from a vinyl acetate synthesis process.08-04-2011
20110190549PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A WATER STREAM FROM ETHANOL PRODUCTION - In one embodiment, the invention is to a process for producing a water stream comprising the steps of hydrogenating acetic acid to form a crude ethanol product and separating at least a portion of the crude ethanol product in at least one column of a plurality of columns into a distillate comprising ethanol and a residue comprising the water stream. The water stream preferably is essentially free of organic impurities other than acetic acid and ethanol.08-04-2011
20110190548PROCESS FOR PURIFYING ETHANOL - Purifying and/or recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of crude ethanol mixture are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities. In addition, the process involves returning acetaldehyde separated from the crude ethanol product to the reactor.08-04-2011
20110190550PROCESSES FOR PRODUCING ANHYDROUS ETHANOL COMPOSITIONS - In one embodiment, the present invention is to a process for producing a anhydrous ethanol composition comprising hydrogenating acetic acid in the presence of a catalyst to form a crude ethanol product; separating in a first column at least a portion of the crude ethanol product into a first distillate comprising ethanol, water and ethyl acetate, and a first residue comprising acetic acid; separating in a second column at least a portion of the first distillate into a second distillate comprising ethyl acetate and a second residue comprising ethanol and water; separating in a third column at least a portion of the second residue into a third distillate comprising ethanol and residual water and a third residue comprising separated water; and dehydrating at least a portion of the third distillate to form the anhydrous ethanol composition. The anhydrous ethanol composition, as formed, comprises less than 1 wt. % water, based on the total weight of the anhydrous ethanol composition.08-04-2011
20110306806Synthesis of Ethanol from Biomass - A process for the selective production of ethanol by vapor phase reaction of acetic acid over a hydrogenating catalyst composition to form ethanol is disclosed and claimed. In an embodiment of this invention reaction of acetic acid and hydrogen over either cobalt and palladium supported on graphite or cobalt and platinum supported on silica selectively produces ethanol in a vapor phase at a temperature of about 250° C.12-15-2011
20110306805PROCESS FOR HYDROGENATING ALKYL ESTER(S) IN THE PRESENCE OF CARBON MONOXIDE - A process for the preparation of alcohol(s) from alkyl ester(s) wherein hydrogen, carbon monoxide and at least one alkyl ester are brought into contact with a hydrogenation catalyst comprising copper and manganese in a reaction zone to produce at least one alcohol, wherein the molar ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide in the reaction zone is in the range of from 100:1 to 1:10.12-15-2011
20120046502PROCESS FOR RECOVERING ETHANOL WITH VAPOR SEPARATION - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of the crude ethanol products are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities.02-23-2012
20120046501Hydrogenolysis of Ethyl Acetate in Alcohol Separation Processes - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid and by reacting a portion of the crude ethanol product or one or more derivative streams containing ethyl acetate obtained therefrom in the presence of hydrogen, via hydrogenolysis. The one or more derivative streams comprise ethyl acetate that are reacted via hydrogenolysis to form additional ethanol that may be directly or indirectly fed to the separation zone or the hydrogenation reactor.02-23-2012
20120209034Process for Producing Ethanol over Catalysts Containing Platinum and Palladium - The present invention relates to a process for producing product comprising ethanol which comprises contacting a feedstock comprising acetic acid and hydrogen in a reaction zone at hydrogenation conditions with a catalyst composition comprising platinum, palladium and tin on a support, wherein the catalyst has an excess amount of platinum relative to the amount of palladium based on weight.08-16-2012
20120010442PROCESS FOR RECOVERING ETHANOL WITH SIDEDRAWS TO REGULATE C3+ ALCOHOLS CONCENTRATIONS - Purification and/or recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of a crude ethanol mixture are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities. In particular, the process involves one or more sidedraws to regulate C01-12-2012
20120010447Weak Acid Recovery System for Ethanol Separation Processes - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid and recovery of unreacted acetic acid from a weak acid stream. The unreacted acetic acid may be recovered as a dry acetic acid composition and may be directly or indirectly fed to the hydrogenation reactor.01-12-2012
20120010446Hydrogenolysis of Ethyl Acetate in Alcohol Separation Processes - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid and by reacting a portion of the crude ethanol product or one or more derivative streams containing ethyl acetate obtained therefrom in the presence of hydrogen, via hydrogenolysis. The one or more derivative streams comprise ethyl acetate that are reacted in via hydrogenolysis form additional ethanol that may be directly or indirectly fed to the separation zone or the hydrogenation reactor.01-12-2012
20120010443Esterification Of Vapor Crude Product In The Production Of Alcohols - Ethanol production process for recovering ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Ethanol recovery is improved by esterifying a vapor crude ethanol product to reduce unreacted acetic acid concentration.01-12-2012
20120010441PROCESS FOR RECYCLING GAS FROM ACETIC ACID HYDROGENATION - Monitoring and recycling gases from acetic acid hydrogenation reaction to maintain a constant pressure in the hydrogenation reaction system. Purging of the vapor stream comprising hydrogen may be limited or reduced. Further purging of the by-product may be from the dissolved by-product gases.01-12-2012
20120010444Alcohol Production Process with Impurity Removal - A method of removing impurities, such as halogens, sulfurs, and corrosion metal impurities, in an ethanol production process. Ion exchange resins may be used to remove these impurities from acetic acid feed streams and recycle streams that comprise unreacted acetic acid.01-12-2012
20120010448Finishing Reactor for Purifying Ethanol - A process for purifying ethanol by using a finishing reactor to remove impurities, such as ethyl acetate, acetaldehyde, acetic acid, and diethyl acetal, present in ethanol after distilling a crude product from a hydrogenation reactor. The finishing reactor may reduce the impurities in the presence of hydrogen and a catalyst or may hydrolyze the impurities.01-12-2012
20120059197ALCOHOL PRODUCTION PROCESS INTEGRATING ACETIC ACID FEED STREAM COMPRISING WATER FROM CARBONYLATION PROCESS - In one embodiment, the invention is to a process for producing ethanol, comprising the step of providing from a distillation column in a carbonylation process a purified acetic acid stream comprising up to 25 wt. % water. The process further comprises the step of hydrogenating acetic acid of the purified acetic acid stream in the presence of a catalyst and under conditions effective to form a crude ethanol product comprising ethanol and water. Ethanol is recovered from the crude ethanol product.03-08-2012
20120157721PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ETHANOL USING MULTIPLE BEDS EACH HAVING DIFFERENT CATALYSTS - The present invention produces ethanol in a stacked bed reactor that comprises a first catalyst and a second catalyst, wherein the first and second catalysts comprise at least one group VIII metal, and wherein the second catalyst is substantially free of copper. The crude ethanol product may be separated and ethanol recovered.06-21-2012
20100029996CATALYST FOR PRODUCING ALCOHOL - The present invention provides a catalyst for producing alcohols from carboxylic acids by hydrogenation, containing Co metal as an essential component and one or more elements selected from Zr, Y, La, Ce, Si, Al, Sc, V and Mo as a first co-catalyst component, and having 20% or more of cubic phase in the crystal phase of the Co metal, the method for producing the catalyst, and the method for producing an alcohol from a carboxylic acid as a raw material by hydrogenation using the catalyst.02-04-2010
20120136179Copper Chromite Hydrogenation Catalysts For Production Of Fatty Alcohols - Provided are hydrogenation catalysts for processing esters into fatty alcohols. More particularly, the catalysts are for vapor-phase hydrogenation of methyl esters to fatty alcohols under fixed-bed conditions, where conditions are typically in a temperature range of 200 to 250° C. and a pressure range of 30 to 50 bar. Methods of making and using the same are also provided. These catalysts comprise a copper chromite, an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal component, and an inorganic matrix component, which are processed together to form the catalyst. The alkali metal component can comprise sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), caesium (Cs), or combinations thereof. The alkaline earth metal can comprise magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), barium (Ba), or combinations thereof.05-31-2012
20120083631PROCESS FOR PRODUCING FATTY ALCOHOLS BY HYDROGENATION OF FATTY ACID TRIGLYCERIDES ON A COPPER-CONTAINING HETEROGENEOUS CATALYST - The present invention relates to a process for preparing fatty alcohols, in which a stream comprising at least one fatty acid triglyceride is provided and this stream is subjected to a hydrogenation in the presence of a heterogeneous copper catalyst.04-05-2012
20120178975Process for Production of Ethanol Using a Mixed Feed Using Copper Containing Catalyst - The present invention produces ethanol in a reactor that comprises a catalyst comprising from 40 to 70 wt. % copper and 15 to 40 wt. % zinc and a support material. The crude ethanol product may be separated and ethanol recovered.07-12-2012
20120253085Ethanol Production from Acetic Acid Utilizing a Molybdenum Carbide Catalyst - A process for the selective and direct formation of ethanol from acetic acid comprising contacting a feed stream containing acetic acid and hydrogen in vapor form at an elevated temperature with a hydrogenation catalyst comprising molybdenum carbide and one or more promoter metals selected from the group consisting of copper, iron, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, platinum, titanium, zinc, chromium, rhenium, potassium, tin and tungsten on a catalyst support10-04-2012
20120277492Reduced Energy Alcohol Separation Process Having Controlled Pressure - The present invention is directed to processes for the recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid using a low energy process. The crude ethanol product is separated in one or more columns. At least one of the columns is operated at a controlled pressure to enhance separation of ethanol and organics. In one embodiment, there are at least two columns that operate at controlled pressures.11-01-2012
20120277496Process for Producing Ethanol and Reducing Acetic Acid Concentration - A process for producing ethanol and, in particular, to a process for reducing the concentration of acetic acid in a crude ethanol product by esterifying unreacted acetic acid with an alcohol.11-01-2012
20120277495Process For Controlling A Reboiler During Alcohol Recovery and Reduced Ester Formation - The present invention is related to processes for the separation of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. The crude ethanol product is separated in one or more columns. A reboiler is used following one or more of the columns for reducing ester formation.11-01-2012
20120277490Process to Recover Alcohol From An Ethyl Acetate Residue Stream - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid using a low energy process. The crude ethanol product is separated in a column to produce a distillate stream comprising acetaldehyde and a residue stream comprising ethanol, acetic acid, ethyl acetate and water. The ethanol product is recovered from the residue stream.11-01-2012
20120277494Process to Reduce Ethanol Recycled to Hydrogenation Reactor - The present invention is directed to processes for recovering ethanol obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Acetic acid is hydrogenated in the presence of a catalyst in a hydrogenation reactor to form a crude ethanol product. The crude ethanol product is separated in one or more columns to recover ethanol. In some embodiments, less than 10 wt. % ethanol is recycled to the hydrogenation reactor.11-01-2012
20120277489Recovering Ethanol with Sidestreams to Regulate C3+ Alcohols Concentrations - This invention relates to a process for producing ethanol and recovering methyl iodide, the process comprising the steps of carbonylating methanol in a carbonylation system in the presence of a carbonylation catalyst under conditions effective to form acetic acid; hydrogenating the acetic acid in a hydrogenation system in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst to form a crude ethanol product comprising ethanol and water; and separating the crude ethanol product to form an ethanol stream and a water stream.11-01-2012
20120277493Process to Recover Alcohol with Secondary Reactors for Hydrolysis of Acetal - A process for recovering ethanol obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. The crude ethanol product is separated in a column to produce a distillate stream comprising acetaldehyde and ethyl acetate and a residue stream comprising ethanol, acetic acid and water. Acetal byproduct can be reduced or removed through configurations of hydrolysis secondary reactors. The ethanol product is recovered from the residue stream.11-01-2012
20120277497Process to Recover Alcohol with Reduced Water From Overhead of Acid Column - A process for recovering ethanol obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. The crude ethanol product is separated in a column to produce a distillate stream comprising acetaldehyde and ethyl acetate and a residue stream comprising ethanol, acetic acid, ethyl acetate and water. The ethanol product is recovered from the residue stream.11-01-2012
20120277488Recovering Ethanol with Sidestreams to Regulate C3+ Alcohols Concentrations - This invention relates to purification and/or recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of a crude ethanol mixture are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities. In particular, the process involves one or more sidestreams to regulate C11-01-2012
20120277485Process to Recover Alcohol From an Acidic Residue Stream - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid using a low energy process. The crude ethanol product is separated in a column to produce a distillate stream comprising ethyl acetate and a residue stream comprising ethanol, acetic acid, and water. The ethanol product is recovered from the residue stream.11-01-2012
20120330071ALCOHOL SYNTHESIS - A process is disclosed for the production of alcohols including ethanol, propanol and butanol starting with lower molecular weight alcohol, which is reacted with carbon monoxide to give an organic acid that in turn is reduced with hydrogen to form the product.12-27-2012
20130172632Process for Promoting Catalyst Activity for Ethyl Acetate Conversion - The process of the current invention relates to the production of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid and ethyl acetate in the presence of a catalyst. Conversion of ethyl acetate may be improved by adding water to the reactor. At least 0.01 wt. % water may be added to the reactor. The crude ethanol product is separated in one or more columns to yield an ethanol product.07-04-2013
20130172633Process For Producing Ethanol From Impure Methanol - In a first embodiment, the present invention relates to a process for producing ethanol. The process comprises the step of contacting a carbon monoxide feed and an impure methanol feed in a reactor under conditions effective to produce a crude acetic acid product. The impure methanol feed comprises more than 0.15 wt. % of impurities. The process further comprises the step of separating the crude acetic acid product to form an intermediate acetic acid product and at least one derivative stream. The intermediate acetic acid product may comprise acetic acid and at least one of the impurities from the impure methanol feed. The process further comprises the step of hydrogenating at least a portion of the intermediate acetic acid product to produce a crude ethanol product. The hydrogenation is preferably conducted over a catalyst.07-04-2013
20110263910Copper Catalysts for Making Ethanol from Acetic Acid - Catalysts and processes for forming copper catalysts for use in hydrogenating acetic acid to form ethanol. The catalyst may also comprise a second metal selected from the group consisting of chromium, palladium, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, silver, tungsten, vanadium, and zinc.10-27-2011
20130178667Processes for Making Catalysts - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a support, optionally a modified support.07-11-2013
20130178668Multifunctional Hydrogenation Catalysts - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The multifunctional catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst is effective for providing an acetic acid conversion greater than 20% and an ethyl acetate conversion greater than 0%. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support includes a metal selected from the group consisting of tungsten, vanadium, and tantalum, provided that the modified support does not contain phosphorous.07-11-2013
20130178669Cobalt and Tin Hydrogenation Catalysts - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst comprises a precious metal, tin and cobalt, wherein molar ratio of cobalt to tin is at least 11:1.07-11-2013
20130178670HYDROGENATION CATALYSTS WITH BULK MULTIPLE OXIDATED SUPPORTS - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol. The catalyst comprises an extruded modified support, and a precious metal. The processes for making the catalysts comprises modifying the catalyst, extruding the catalyst, and impregnating the precious metal onto the catalyst.07-11-2013
20130178664Hydrogenation Catalysts - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support. The modified support may comprise cobalt tungstate.07-11-2013
20130178665Processes For Making Catalysts With Acidic Precursors - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts with acidic precursors and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a support, optionally a modified support.07-11-2013
20130178661Hydrogenation Catalysts with Cobalt-Modified Supports - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support that comprises cobalt.07-11-2013
20130178662Modified Catalyst Supports - The present invention relates to modified catalyst supports, to processes for making modified catalyst supports, and to chemical processes employing catalysts that comprise such modified catalyst supports. The modified catalyst support comprises a first metal, a second metal and a support modifier on a support, wherein the support modifier comprises a support modifier metal selected from the group consisting of tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, niobium, and tantalum.07-11-2013
20130178663COBALT-CONTAINING HYDROGENATION CATALYSTS AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING SAME - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises cobalt, precious metal and one or more active metals on a modified support.07-11-2013
20130184502REDUCED WATER CONTENT PREPARATION PROCESS FOR HYDROGENATION CATALYSTS - The present invention relates to processes for making catalysts, to catalyst prepared by a specific process, and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises less than 20% solvent prior to calcining.07-18-2013
20130184501HYDROGENATION CATALYSTS WITH ACIDIC SITES - The present invention relates to catalysts and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises acidic sites and two or more metals. The catalyst has acidic sites on the surface and the balance favors Lewis acid sites.07-18-2013
20130131400Hydrogenating Acetic Acid to Produce Ethyl Acetate and Reducing Ethyl Acetate to Ethanol - Disclosed herein are processes for alcohol production by reducing an ethyl acetate produced by hydrogenating acetic acid in the presence of a suitable catalyst. The ethyl acetate is reduced with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to obtain a crude reaction mixture comprising the alcohol, in particular ethanol, which may be separated from the crude reaction mixture. Thus, ethanol may be produced from acetic acid through an ethyl acetate intermediate without an esterification step. This may reduce the recycle of ethanol in the hydrogenolysis process and improve ethanol productivity.05-23-2013
20130131399Catalyst Preparations for High Conversion Catalysts for Producing Ethanol - A process for producing a catalyst, the process comprising the steps of: impregnating a first metal from a first metal precursor on a support to form a first impregnated support; calcining the first impregnated support; impregnating a second metal from a second metal precursor on the first impregnated support to form a second impregnated support; calcining the second impregnated support to form the catalyst, wherein the catalyst has a total metal loading of at least 2 wt. % based on the total weight of the catalyst. A method for hydrogenating alkanoic acids in the presence of the catalyst is also disclosed.05-23-2013
20130131398Process of Recovery of Ethanol From Hydrogenolysis Process - Disclosed herein are processes for alcohol production by reducing an esterification product, such as ethyl acetate. The processes comprise esterifying acetic acid and an alcohol such as ethanol to produce an esterification product. The esterification product is reduced with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to obtain a crude reaction mixture comprising ethyl acetate, ethanol, and at least one alcohol having at least 4 carbon atoms. The ethanol is recovered with a reduced amount of the alcohol having at least 4 carbon atoms.05-23-2013
20130131397Liquid Esterification Method To Produce Ester Feed For Hydrogenolysis - Disclosed herein are processes for alcohol production by reducing an esterification product, such as ethyl acetate. The processes comprise esterifying, in the liquid phase, acetic acid and an alcohol such as ethanol to produce an esterification product. The esterification product is reduced with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to obtain a crude reaction mixture comprising the alcohol, in particular ethanol, which may be separated from the crude reaction mixture.05-23-2013
20130131396Esterifying Acetic Acid To Produce Ester Feed For Hydrogenolysis - Disclosed herein are processes for alcohol production by reducing an esterification product, such as ethyl acetate. The processes comprise esterifying an excess molar ratio of acetic acid with an alcohol, such as ethanol, to produce the esterification product. The esterification product is reduced with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to obtain a crude reaction mixture comprising the alcohol, in particular ethanol, which may be separated from the crude reaction mixture.05-23-2013
20130178666Processes for Making Catalysts With Metal Halide Precursors - The present invention relates to catalysts, to processes for making catalysts with halide containing precursors and to chemical processes employing such catalysts. The catalysts are preferably used for converting acetic acid to ethanol. The catalyst comprises a precious metal and one or more active metals on a support, optionally a modified support.07-11-2013
20100286454PROCESS FOR THE CO-PRODUCTION OF FATTY ALCOHOLS SHOWING DIFFERENT CARBON CHAIN LENGTHS - A process for the co-production of a stream of a fatty alcohol having first carbon chain lengths and a stream of a fatty alcohol having a second carbon chain lengths, said second carbon chain lengths being longer than said first carbon chain lengths, said process comprising the steps of: (a) supplying a stream comprising lower alkyl esters of fatty acids having chain lengths comprising the first and second chain lengths to a first vaporisation zone and contacting said stream with an amount of hydrogen which is sufficient to vaporise the lower alkyl esters of the fatty acids having the first carbon chain lengths into the hydrogen; (b) supplying the hydrogen and the vaporised lower alkyl esters of fatty acids having the first carbon chain lengths to a first reaction zone comprising catalyst and operating under reaction conditions to allow hydrogenation to the desired alcohol having first carbon chain lengths; (c) recovering from the first reaction zone an alcohol product stream having first carbon chain lengths and hydrogen; (d) separating the stream of fatty alcohol having the first carbon chain lengths from hydrogen; (e) supplying the unvaporised lower alkyl esters of the fatty acids having second carbon chain lengths remaining from step (a) to a second vaporisation zone; (f) contacting the unvaporised lower alkyl esters having second carbon chain lengths in the second vaporisation zone with hydrogen recovered in step (d) and an additional amount of hydrogen such that the total amount of hydrogen is sufficient to vaporise the lower alkyl esters having fatty acids of the second carbon chain lengths into the hydrogen; (g) supplying the hydrogen and the vaporised lower alkyl esters of fatty acids having second carbon chain lengths to a second reaction zone comprising catalyst and operating under reaction conditions to allow hydrogenation to the desired alcohol having second carbon chain lengths; and (h) recovering from the second reaction zone an alcohol product stream having second carbon chain lengths and hydrogen.11-11-2010
20110275865PROCESS FOR SEPARATING ACETALDEHYDE FROM ETHANOL-CONTAINING MIXTURES - Purifying and/or recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of crude ethanol mixture are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities. In particular, light ends are separated in an acetaldehyde removal column operating at a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure to recover acetaldehyde that may be returned to the reactor and reduce acetaldehyde concentrations in an ethyl acetate stream.11-10-2011
20110275864PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ETHANOL USING AN EXTRACTIVE DISTILLATION COLUMN - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of crude ethanol product are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and remove impurities. In addition, the process involves separating the crude ethanol product using an extractive distillation column that employs an extraction agent, such as a recycled stream comprising water.11-10-2011
20130137906Treatment of Recycle Gas from Acid Hydrogenation - In a process for producing ethanol, acetic acid is contacted with hydrogen in a reaction zone in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst to form a crude ethanol product comprising ethanol, hydrogen and carbon monoxide. At least a portion of the crude ethanol product is separated to yield a vapor stream and a liquid stream, wherein the vapor stream comprises hydrogen and carbon monoxide, and wherein the liquid stream comprises ethanol. At least a portion of the vapor stream is contacted with a methanation catalyst under conditions such that carbon monoxide reacts with hydrogen in the vapor stream portion to produce a treated stream comprising methane, hydrogen and less carbon monoxide than the vapor stream. At least a portion of the treated stream is returned directly or indirectly to the reaction zone and ethanol is recovered from the liquid stream.05-30-2013
20130137905INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR PRODUCING POLYVINYL ALCOHOL OR A COPOLYMER THEREOF AND ETHANOL - Ethanol is produced from methyl acetate by a hydrogenolysis reaction. The methyl acetate is produced as a byproduct during the conversion of a vinyl acetate polymer or copolymer to a polymer or copolymer of vinyl alcohol. The hydrogenolysis reaction also produces methanol. At least a portion of this methanol is converted to acetic acid by reaction with carbon monoxide in a carbonylation reaction. At least a portion of this acetic acid is converted to vinyl acetate monomer by a reaction with oxygen and ethylene. The vinyl acetate is polymerized to form the vinyl acetate polymer or copolymer. By integrating the two processes, a valuable product, i.e. ethanol, is produced from a methyl acetate byproduct.05-30-2013
20130137904INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR PRODUCING POLYVINYL ALCOHOL OR A COPOLYMER THEREOF AND ETHANOL - Ethanol is produced from methyl acetate by a hydrogenolysis reaction. The methyl acetate is produced as a byproduct during the conversion of a vinyl acetate polymer or copolymer to a polymer or copolymer of vinyl alcohol. The hydrogenolysis reaction also produces methanol. At least a portion of this methanol is converted to acetic acid by reaction with carbon monoxide in a carbonylation reaction. At least a portion of this acetic acid is converted to ethanol by a hydrogenation reaction with hydrogen. By integrating the processes as described herein, a valuable product, i.e. ethanol, is produced from a methyl acetate byproduct.05-30-2013
20130158300Process For Producing Ethanol By Hydrogenating Mixed Feeds Comprising Water - The processes of the current invention relate to the production of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid and ethyl acetate. Conversion of ethyl acetate may be improved by controlling the water content that may be fed to the vaporizer to form a feed stream that may be fed to the hydrogenation reactor. At least 0.01 wt. % water is fed to the vaporizer. The crude ethanol product is separated two or more columns to yield an ethanol product.06-20-2013
20130158301Multiple Vapor Feeds for Hydrogenation Process to Produce Alcohol - The present invention relates to processes for the recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. The crude ethanol product is separated in a column to produce a distillate stream comprising ethyl acetate, ethanol and acetaldehyde and a residue stream comprising ethanol, acetic acid and water. The ethanol product is recovered from the residue stream. A liquid recycle stream is sent to a second vaporizer to form a second vapor feed stream that is fed to the hydrogenation reactor.06-20-2013
20130158302Phasing Reactor Product from Hydrogenating Acetic Acid Into Ethyl Acetate Feed to Produce Ethanol - Disclosed herein are processes for alcohol production by reducing ethyl acetate produced by hydrogenating acetic acid in the presence of a suitable catalyst. The product of the acetic acid hydrogenation is fed directly to a decanter to separate the hydrogenation product into an aqueous phase comprising water and ethanol and an organic phase comprising ethyl acetate. The organic phase is reduced with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to obtain a crude reaction mixture comprising the alcohol, in particular ethanol, which may be separated from the crude reaction mixture. Thus, ethanol may be produced from acetic acid through an ethyl acetate intermediate without an esterification step. This may reduce the recycle of ethanol in the hydrogenolysis process and improve ethanol productivity.06-20-2013
20130184500Process for Acetal Removal In the Purification of a Crude Ethanol Product - Recovery of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the hydrogenation of acetic acid. Separation and purification processes of the crude ethanol products are employed to allow recovery of ethanol and hydrolyze acetal impurities by the addition of an acid stream.07-18-2013
20120016163PROCESS FOR THE CO-PRODUCTION OF A STREAM OF A FATTY ALCOHOL HAVING A FIRST CARBON CHAIN LENGTH AND A STREAM OF A FATTY ALCOHOL HAVING A SECOND CARBON LENGTH - A process for the co-production of a stream of a fatty alcohol having first carbon chain lengths and a stream of a fatty alcohol having a second carbon chain lengths, said second carbon chain lengths being longer than said first carbon chain lengths, said process comprising the steps of: (a) supplying a stream comprising lower alkyl esters of fatty acids having chain lengths comprising the first and second chain lengths to a first vaporisation zone and contacting said stream with an amount of hydrogen recycled from step (i) which is sufficient to vaporise the lower alkyl esters of the fatty acids having the first carbon chain lengths into the hydrogen; (b) supplying the hydrogen and the vaporised lower alkyl esters of fatty acids having the first carbon chain lengths to a first reaction zone comprising catalyst and operating under reaction conditions to allow hydrogenation to the desired alcohol having first carbon chain lengths; (c) recovering from the first reaction zone an alcohol product stream having first carbon chain lengths and the hydrogen; (d) supplying the unvaporised lower alkyl esters of the fatty acids having second carbon chain lengths remaining from step (a) to a second vaporisation zone; (e) contacting the unvaporised lower alkyl esters having second carbon chain lengths in the second vaporisation zone with an amount of hydrogen sufficient to vaporise the lower alkyl esters having fatty acids of the second carbon chain lengths into the hydrogen; (f) supplying the hydrogen and the vaporised lower alkyl esters of fatty acids having second carbon chain lengths to a second reaction zone comprising catalyst and operating under reaction conditions to allow hydrogenation to the desired alcohol having second carbon chain lengths; (g) recovering from the second reaction zone an alcohol product stream having second carbon chain lengths and hydrogen; (h) separating the stream of fatty acid alcohol having the second carbon chain length from hydrogen; and (i) recycling a portion of the hydrogen recovered in step (h) to the first vaporisation zone and a portion to the second vapourisation zone.01-19-2012
20130197278Process For Manufacturing Ethanol Using A Metallic Catalyst Supported on Titania - The present invention relates to a process for producing ethanol by contacting a feedstock comprising acetic acid and hydrogen in a reaction zone at hydrogenation conditions including a temperature from 125° C. to 350° C. with a catalyst composition, wherein the catalyst composition comprises from 1.5 wt. % to 3 wt. % active metals on a titania support, said active metals comprising at least one Group VIII metal and an excess molar amount of tin, relative to the at least one Group VIII metal.08-01-2013
20130204050Hydrogenation Process with Reduced Residence Time for Vapor Phase Reactants - The present invention is directed to the separation of ethanol from a crude ethanol product obtained from the vaporization and hydrogenation of acetic acid using reduced residence time for the vapor phase reactants between exiting the vaporizer and entering the reactor. The crude ethanol product is separated in at least one column to recover an ethanol product.08-08-2013
20130204049Process for Producing Ethanol Using a Molar Excess of Hydrogen - The present invention relates to a process for the production of ethanol using a molar excess of hydrogen. A mixed feed of acetic acid and ethyl acetate is fed to a reactor to be converted to ethanol. Hydrogen flow is increased to avoid a negative conversion of ethyl acetate.08-08-2013
20120071697Method for Producing Ethanol - A method for producing ethanol by which ethanol can be synthesized from less fermentable biomass materials such as plant-derived materials and rice straws and industrial waste biomass materials such as wooden building materials and pulp and which can therefore broaden the range of raw materials for the production of ethanol. Specifically, a method for producing ethanol including reacting a raw material gas obtained by a thermochemical gasification reaction of biomass in the presence of a catalyst containing rhodium, at least one transition metal, and at least one element selected from lithium, magnesium and zinc.03-22-2012
20130211150Chemisorption of Ethyl Acetate During Hydrogenation of Acetic Acid to Ethanol - A hydrogenation catalyst and process using the catalyst for converting a mixture comprising acetic acid and ethyl acetate to ethanol at a first temperature, and the catalyst desorbs ethyl acetate, in the absence of hydrogen, at a second temperature that is greater than the first temperature. The catalyst has a suitable chemisorption of ethyl acetate at the first temperature in the absence of hydrogen. In one embodiment, the first temperature ranges from 125° C. to 350° C. and the second temperature ranges from 300° C. to 600° C. The catalyst comprises one or more active metals or oxide thereof on a support that comprises tungsten or an oxide thereof. The one or more active metals are selected from the group consisting of cobalt, copper, gold, iron, nickel, palladium, platinum, iridium, osmium, rhenium, rhodium, ruthenium, tin, zinc, lanthanum, cerium, manganese, chromium, vanadium, and molybdenum.08-15-2013
20130211151Process for Producing Ethanol Using Acetic Acid from a Carbonylation Process - The present invention relates to a process for the production of ethanol. The process comprises the step of hydrogenating acetic acid in a hydrogenation reactor in the presence of a catalyst and under conditions effective to form a crude ethanol product. The acetic acid may be obtained from a carbonylation system. The process further comprises the step of separating, in at least one column, at least a portion of the crude ethanol product into a distillate and a residue. The distillate comprises ethanol, water, and ethyl acetate. The residue comprises acetic acid and water. The process preferably comprises the step of directing at least a portion of the residue to at least one column of the carbonylation system. The process further comprises the step of separating the first distillate to form a purified ethanol product.08-15-2013
20130211152Ethanol Manufacturing Process Over Catalyst with Cesium and Support Comprising Tungsten or Oxides Thereof - The present invention relates to a process for producing product comprising ethanol which comprises contacting a feedstock comprising acetic acid and hydrogen in a reaction zone at hydrogenation conditions with a catalyst composition comprising at least one active metal that may include a Group VIII metal and tin and from 0.01 to 0.5 wt. % cesium on a support comprising tungsten or oxides thereof.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Catalyst utilized