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WITH PRELIMINARY REACTION TO FORM HYDROGEN OR A CARBON OXIDE

Subclass of:

518 - Chemistry: fischer-tropsch processes; or purification or recovery of products thereof

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
518704000 Water utilized in the preliminary reaction 37
518703000 Gaseous oxygen utilized in the preliminary reaction 31
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20100076097Chemical Product Providing System and Method for Providing a Chemical Product - A chemical product providing system is provided, which comprises an electrolyser and a gasification unit, whereas the gasification unit is fed with oxygen, resulted from the electrolyser, to produce a synthesis gas by the gasification unit, the synthesis gas being a source material for the chemical product. A method is for providing a chemical product is also provided.03-25-2010
20100076096PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF ALKYLATE AND MIDDLE DISTILLATE - A process for the preparation of alkylate and middle distillate, the process comprising: (a) catalytically cracking a first hydrocarbon feedstock by contacting the feedstock with a cracking catalyst comprising a shape-selective additive at a temperature in the range of from 450 to 650° C. within a riser or downcomer reaction zone to yield a first cracked product comprising middle distillate and a spent cracking catalyst; (b) regenerating the spent cracking catalyst to yield a regenerated cracking catalyst; (c) contacting, within a second reaction zone, at least part of the regenerated cracking catalyst obtained in step (b) with a second hydrocarbon feedstock at a temperature in the range of from 500 to 800° C. to yield a second cracked product and a used regenerated catalyst, the second feedstock comprising at least 70 wt % C03-25-2010
20130030062GASIFICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A system configured for the production of at least one product selected from the group consisting of syngas, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis products, power, and chemicals, the system comprising a dual fluidized bed gasification apparatus and at least one apparatus selected from power production apparatus configured to produce power from the gasification product gas, partial oxidation reactors configured for oxidation of at least a portion of the product gas, tar removal apparatus configured to reduce the amount of tar in the product gas, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis apparatus configured to produce Fischer-Tropsch synthesis products from at least a portion of the product gas, chemical production apparatus configured for the production of at least one non-Fischer-Tropsch product from at least a portion of the product gas, and dual fluidized bed gasification units configured to alter the composition of the product gas. Methods of operating the system are also provided.01-31-2013
20100113624Preparation of syngas - The present invention discloses a process for the preparation of syngas from two sources with different hydrogen:carbon ratios, the first source having a low hydrogen:carbon ratio including any one or a combination of coal, brown coal, pet bitumen and tar sands, and the second source having a high hydrogen:carbon ratio including any one or a combination of natural gas, associated gas and coal bed methane. The sources are converted to syngas and then combined to provide syngas with an optimum hydrogen:carbon monoxide ratio for use in a Fischer-Tropsch process.05-06-2010
20130041049Gas-to-Liquid Technology - A gas-to-liquids process and plant for treating natural gas, in which the natural gas is subjected to expansion through a flow restrictor so as to undergo cooling through the Joule Thomson effect, enables liquids to be separated from the gas stream. The natural gas may be cooled before it reaches the flow restrictor by heat exchange with fluid that has passed through the flow restrictor. This decreases the proportion of longer-chain hydrocarbons in the natural gas, which may simplify subsequent processing, and may enable the size of the plant to be decreased.02-14-2013
20090156696PROCESS FOR THE CAPTURE OF CO2 FROM CH4 FEEDSTOCK AND GTL PROCESS STREAMS - An integrated process is described in which at least a portion of CO06-18-2009
20090156695Method and Apparatus for Reducing CO2 in a Stream by Conversion to a Syngas for Production of Energy - A system and method for reducing the CO06-18-2009
20090124710Process for the Conversion of Synthesis Gas to Oxygenate - The present invention relates to an improved process for the conversion of carbon oxide(s) and hydrogen containing feedstocks to oxygen containing hydrocarbon compounds in the presence of a particulate catalyst.05-14-2009
20130090393PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HYDROCARBONS FROM SYNGAS - The invention pertains to a lean process for the production of hydrocarbons in which a tail gas is subjected to shift conversion, carbon dioxide removal, and then to purification in a PSA to obtain a hydrogen stream comprising more than 99 vol % hydrogen. The Fischer Tropsch process is a single-stage process. The hydrogen stream can be used to upgrade the Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons.04-11-2013
20110015282PRODUCTION METHOD OF LIQUID HYDROCARBONS FROM NATURAL GAS - In a so-called GTL process for producing liquid hydrocarbons containing fuel oil by producing synthesis gas from natural gas, subsequently producing Fischer-Tropsch oil from the obtained synthesis gas by way of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and upgrading the produced Fischer-Tropsch oil, the synthesis gas produced from a synthesis gas production step is partly branched at a stage prior to getting to a Fischer-Tropsch oil production step and high-purity hydrogen is separated and produced from the synthesis gas entering the branch line. All the separated high-purity hydrogen is supplied to an upgrading reaction step and consumed as hydrogen for an upgrading reaction. Additionally, the synthesis gas entering the branch line is subjected to a water gas shift reaction to raise the hydrogen concentration before the step of separating and producing high-purity hydrogen and the residual gas left after the separation may be circulated to the synthesis gas production step as raw material for producing synthesis gas.01-20-2011
20130065974ENHANCEMENT OF FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS FOR HYDROCARBON FUEL FORMULATION IN A GTL ENVIRONMENT - An enhanced Fischer-Tropsch process for the synthesis of sulfur free, clean burning, hydrocarbon fuels, examples of which include syndiesel and aviation fuel. Naphtha is destroyed in a syngas generator and recycled as feedstock to an Fischer-Tropsch (FT) reactor in order to enhance the production of syndiesel from the reactor. The process enhancement results is the maximum production of formulated syndiesel without the formation of low value by-products.03-14-2013
20130165534SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION OF FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS PRODUCTS AND POWER - A method for generation of power and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis products by producing synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, producing Fischer-Tropsch synthesis products and Fischer-Tropsch tailgas from a first portion of the synthesis gas, and generating power from a second portion of the synthesis gas, from at least a portion of the Fischer-Tropsch tailgas, or from both. The method may also comprise conditioning at least a portion of the synthesis gas and/or upgrading at least a portion of the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis products. A system for carrying out the method is also provided.06-27-2013
20120238646Method for Producing Methane by Catalytic Gasification of Coal and Device Thereof - The invention relates to a gasifier comprising a syngas generation section, a coal methanation section and a syngas methanation section in the order from bottom to top. The invention also relates to a process for preparing methane by catalytically gasifying coal using such a gasifier. Optionally, the gasifier is additionally provided with a coal pyrolysis section above the syngas methanation section.09-20-2012
20110301252 Process for Synthesis of Methanol - A process for synthesis of methanol, where make-up syngas is reacted in a synthesis loop (12-08-2011
20110288184MODULAR PLANT FOR REMOVAL OF POLLUTANTS FROM FLUE GASES PRODUCED BV INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES - The invention relates to a so-called zero emission ‘AST-CNR/ITM system’ modular plant for removal of pollutants from flue gases produced by industrial processes. The plant comprises prefabricated modular elements with programmed and automatic operation, easy to mount and assemble on site without undergoing expensive plant stoppage. Each module or ‘reaction tower’ comprises a plurality of sections vertically arranged on top of one another, which carry out the following functions: Removal of particulate matter with treatment and removal of chemical pollutants, such as heavy metals, chlorides, fluorides Treatment and removal of SOx Treatment and removal of NOx Capture of CO11-24-2011
20110294906INCORPORATION OF CATALYTIC DEHYDROGENATION INTO FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS TO LOWER CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS - A method for producing liquid fuels includes the steps of gasifying a starting material selected from a group consisting of coal, biomass, carbon nanotubes and mixtures thereof to produce a syngas, subjecting that syngas to Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) to produce a hyrdrocarbon product stream, separating that hydrocarbon product stream into C1-C4 hydrocarbons and C5+ hydrocarbons to be used as liquid fuels and subjecting the C1-C4 hydrocarbons to catalytic dehydrogenation (CDH) to produce hydrogen and carbon nanotubes. The hydrogen produced by CDH is recycled to be mixed with the syngas incident to the FTS reactor in order to raise the hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio of the syngas to values of 2 or higher, which is required to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels. This is accomplished with little or no production of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. The carbon is captured in the form of a potentially valuable by-product, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT), while huge emissions of carbon dioxide are avoided and very large quantities of water employed for the water-gas shift in traditional FTS systems are saved.12-01-2011
20100137457METHOD FOR CONVERSION OF ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE INTO USEFUL MATERIALS - A method for converting carbon dioxide in a gaseous environment, including air into useful materials by use of renewable energy sources which comprises: 06-03-2010
20100249251SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CYCLIC OPERATIONS IN A FUEL SYNTHESIS PROCESS - A method, apparatus, and system for a fuel synthesis system including a multiple methanol reactor train, operated in parallel from a common input of 1) synthesis gas from a solar driven chemical reactor and 2) synthesis gas from a storage tank. In some embodiments, the multiple methanol reactor trains are idled as needed based on a variable amount of synthesis gas fed into the process. Additionally, some embodiments may include a controller to control operation of the multiple methanol trains by potentially idling one or more of the methanol reactor trains, switching to an operational state, or altering the output from the reactor trains, based on the amount of synthesis gas being generated by the solar driven chemical reactor, which is subject to marked variations in volume of synthesis gas output based on a seasonal, diurnal and weather effects.09-30-2010
20080312348Method and apparatus for steam hydro-gasification with increased conversion times - A method and apparatus for converting carbonaceous material to a stream of carbon rich gas, comprising heating a slurry feed containing the carbonaceous material in a hydrogasification process using hydrogen and steam, at a temperature and pressure sufficient to generate a methane and carbon monoxide rich stream in which the conversion time in the process is between 5 and 45 seconds. In particular embodiments, the slurry feed containing the carbonaceous material is fed, along with hydrogen, to a kiln type reactor before being fed to the fluidized bed reactor. Apparatus is provided comprising a kiln type reactor, a slurry pump connected to an input of the kiln type reactor, means for connecting a source of hydrogen to an input of the kiln type reactor; a fluidized bed reactor connected to receive output of the kiln type reactor for processing at a fluidizing zone, and a source of steam and a source of hydrogen connected to the fluidized bed reactor below the fluidizing zone. Optionally, a grinder can be provided in the kiln type reactor.12-18-2008
20110230573REACTOR VESSELS WITH PRESSURE AND HEAT TRANSFER FEATURES FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN-BASED FUELS AND STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Reactor vessels with pressure and heat transfer features for producing hydrogen-based fuels and structural elements, and associated systems and methods. A representative reactor system in accordance with a particular embodiment includes a first reaction zone and a heat path positioned to direct heat into the first reaction zone, a reactant source coupled to the first reaction zone, and a first actuator coupled to cyclically pressurize the first reaction zone. The system can further include a second reaction zone in fluid communication with the first, a valve coupled between the first and second reaction zones to control a flow rate therebetween, and a second actuator coupled in fluid communication with the second reaction zone to cyclically pressurize the second reaction zone. A first heat exchanger is positioned to direct heat from a first product leaving the first reaction zone to a reactant entering the first reaction zone, and a second heat exchanger is positioned to direct heat from a second product leaving the second reaction zone to the reactant entering the first reaction zone. A controller is coupled to the first and second actuators and is programmed with instructions that, when executed, control the first and second actuators in a coordinated manner based at least in part on a flow rate of the second product from the second reaction zone.09-22-2011
20090105356PROCESS AND PLANT FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS - When producing synthesis gas from a starting material containing hydrocarbons, in particular natural gas, a feed stream of the starting material is divided into a first partial stream and a second partial stream. The first partial stream is supplied to a steam reformer (04-23-2009
20090093555METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING SYNGAS - This invention features methods and apparatus for producing syngas from any carbon-containing feed material. In some embodiments, a substoichiometric amount of oxygen is used to enhance the formation of syngas. In various embodiments, a catalyst is derived from the ash content of the feed material, and this catalyst is used to enhance syngas formation. The syngas can be converted to alcohols, such as ethanol, or to other products.04-09-2009
20120196943System and Method for Providing an Integrated Reactor - A system and method for providing an integrated indirectly fired reactor and steam generator are disclosed. According to one embodiment, the reactor comprises an indirect heating zone heating water and generating steam, a mixing zone mixing feedstock and the steam and providing a mixture of the feedstock and the steam, and a reaction zone comprising a first reactor and a second reactor. The first reactor converts the mixture to a first syngas at a first temperature. The second reactor converts the first syngas to a second syngas at a second temperature, the second temperature being higher than the first temperature.08-02-2012
20090048354Process for the Conversion of Synthesis Gas to Oxygenates Containing C2+ Alcohols - The present invention provides a process for the conversion of carbon oxide(s) and hydrogen containing feedstocks into alcohols in the presence of a particulate catalyst.02-19-2009
20090170967CONCURRENT OXIDATION AND STEAM METHANE REFORMING PROCESS AND REACTOR THEREFOR - A process for preparation of a synthesis gas and/or hydrogen by concurrently providing an oxidation reactant stream through an oxidation chamber and a reforming reactant stream through a steam, reforming chamber is described. Also provided is a reactor for conducting the reaction.07-02-2009
20100261800PROCESS FOR THE CONVERSION OF HYDROCARBONS INTO ETHANOL - The present invention relates to a process for the production of ethanol, and optionally methanol, from synthesis gas. In particular the present invention relates to a process for the production of ethanol from a carbonaceous feedstock; wherein the carbonaceous feedstock is first converted to synthesis gas which is then converted to methanol, which is then converted to ethanoic acid, which is then esterified and which is then hydrogenated to produce ethanol in the same alcohol synthesis unit in which the said synthesis gas is converted to methanol.10-14-2010
20090170966Process for the conversion of synthesis gas to oxygenates - The present invention relates to an improved process for the conversion of carbon oxide(s) and hydrogen containing feedstocks to oxygen containing hydrocarbon compounds in the presence of a particulate catalyst.07-02-2009
20100144905BLENDING PLASTIC AND CELLULOSE WASTE PRODUCTS FOR ALTERNATIVE USES - The present invention relates to methods for reclaiming plastics and cellulose materials for use in a variety of applications, including as alternative fuel sources. According to one embodiment of the invention, waste is received which includes cellulose materials and plastics. Such materials are sorted from other materials and the cellulose and plastic materials are shredded or ground and then blended together. The blended materials can then be fed to an energy converter, such as a combustion unit or a gasifier, where they are burned as fuel source or used to create synthetic gas. In other embodiments, the blended materials are heated or have a binding element added thereto. Such mixture is then compressed to form a desired shape or sized object, and that object can then be packaged, distributed or used. The blended object can be used as a fuel source, or as a building, sound attenuation, or insulation material.06-10-2010
20120142789Catalytic Reaction Module - A catalytic reaction module for performing am endothermic reaction, such as steam reforming, including separator blocks. Each reactor defining a multiplicity of first and second flow channels arranged alternately within the block to ensure thermal contact between the first and second flow channels. The reactor blocks may be arranged and connected for series flow of a combustible gas mixture in the first flow channels. The reactor blocks may be arranged and connected for a gas mixture to undergo endothermic reaction in the second flow channels. Catalyst elements are provided within the flow channels and the catalyst may vary between the blocks or within a block. The catalyst may vary in chemical composition, in catalyst loading, or in active catalyst material.06-07-2012
20130131198Vapor Esterification Method To Produce Ester Feed For Hydrogenolysis - Disclosed herein are processes for alcohol production by reducing an esterification product, such as ethyl acetate. The processes comprise esterifying, in the vapor phase, acetic acid and an alcohol such as ethanol to produce the esterification product. The esterification product is reduced with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to obtain a crude reaction mixture comprising the alcohol, in particular ethanol, which may be separated from the crude reaction mixture.05-23-2013
20130131199SYNGAS PRODUCTION THROUGH THE USE OF MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGIES05-23-2013
20130137783STORAGE OF INTERMITTENT RENEWABLE AS FUEL USING CARBON CONTAINING FEEDSTOCK - A method and system for converting intermittent renewable energy and renewable carbonaceous feedstock to non-intermittent renewable electrical and thermal energy, storing it as fuels and chemicals and using it to capture and re-use or dispose of CO05-30-2013
20110003899HYDROCARBON SYNTHESIS AND PRODUCTION ONBOARD A MARINE SYSTEM USING VARIED FEEDSTOCK - A process for producing Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbon products onboard a marine vessel from carbonaceous feedstock by gasification in a thermal conversion plant connected to an onboard power plant unit includes the steps of forming Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons in a Fischer-Tropsch reactor having a recycle line from the Fischer-Tropsch reactor to the thermal conversion plant and recycling at least one of carbon dioxide and tail gas from the Fischer-Tropsch reactor to the thermal conversion plant during gasification.01-06-2011
20110009498HYDROCARBON SYNTHESIS AND PRODUCTION ONBOARD A MARINE SYSTEM USING VARIED FEEDSTOCK - A process for producing hydrocarbon products onboard a marine vessel for carbonaceous feedstock includes the steps gasification of the feedstock in a thermal conversion plant connected to an onboard power plant and forming hydrocarbons in a chemical reaction plant.01-13-2011
20110086928MITIGATING OR ELIMINATING THE CARBON FOOTPRINT OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES - A method for neutralizing or reducing the carbon footprint from carbon dioxide emissions due to human activities related to the combustion or use of carbon containing fuels. This method includes an initial step of capturing carbon dioxide and then chemically recycling it to form and provide a permanent inexhaustible supply of carbon containing fuels or products, which subsequently can be combusted or used without increasing the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere. Thus, the current lifestyles that rely extensively on conventional carbon containing fuels and products can continue indefinitely without harming the environment to preserve and even improve the earth's atmosphere for the benefit of future generations.04-14-2011
20110071229Synthetic Gas Recycle Apparatus and Methods - Processes and apparatuses for synthesizing a hydrocarbon by reacting a carbon-containing feedstock with an oxygen-containing gas stream having a greater molar ratio of oxygen than the feedstock to produce a first synthetic gas comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen, reacting the first synthetic gas in a shift reaction zone to produce a shifted synthetic gas, optionally but preferably blending a recycled synthetic gas with the shifted synthetic gas to produce a second synthetic gas, reacting the second synthetic gas with a catalyst in a synthesis reaction zone to produce hydrocarbon(s) and a purge gas, passing the purge gas through a separation zone to produce a hydrogen-containing permeate stream having an increased hydrogen molar ratio compared to the purge gas and a methane-containing non-permeate stream having an increased methane molar ratio compared to the purge gas, and reacting the methane-containing non-permeate stream in a reformation zone to produce the recycled synthetic gas.03-24-2011
20120202897METHOD OF PURIFYING A GAS - A method of purifying gas obtained by gasification of a biomass feedstock. The gas which contains carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, hydrocarbons and mixtures thereof can be freed from impurities, such as hydrogen sulphide, hydrogen chloride, ammonia, carbonyl sulphide, hydrogen cyanide and mixtures thereof, by contacting the gas with an acidic aqueous wash solution of transition metal ions capable of binding to sulphide ions, by binding a significant portion of the hydrogen sulphide impurities contained in the gas into practically insoluble transition metal sulphide compounds to remove hydrogen sulphide impurities from the gas; and by separating the thus obtained purified gas from the aqueous solution. The purified gas is suitable for production of hydrocarbon compositions by, for example the Fischer-Tropsch process.08-09-2012
20100137458GAS TO LIQUIDS PLANT WITH CONSECUTIVE FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTORS AND HYDROGEN MAKE-UP - A process for converting synthesis gas to hydrocarbons, using a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Two F-T reactors are used in series with water removal between them and additional hydrogen added to the second reactor in an embodiment.06-03-2010
20120277327PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR REFORMING HYDROCARBONS - The invention relates to a process and apparatus for the production of synthesis gas from a hydrocarbon feedstock in a heat exchanger reformer, wherein a cooling medium is added to the heat exchange reformer.11-01-2012
20110054045CONVERSION OF CARBON DIOXIDE TO METHANOL USING BI-REFORMING OF METHANE OR NATURAL GAS - The invention provides for \ a method of forming methanol by combining a mixture of methane, water and carbon dioxide under reaction conditions sufficient to form a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Hydrogen and carbon monoxide are reacted under conditions sufficient to form methanol. The molar ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide is at least two moles of hydrogen to one mole of carbon monoxide and the overall molar ratio between methane, water and carbon dioxide is about 3:2:1. Methane, carbon dioxide and water are bi-reformed over a catalyst. The catalyst includes a single metal, a metal oxide, a mixed catalyst of a metal and a metal oxide or a mixed catalyst of at least two metal oxides.03-03-2011
20100298450PROCESS FOR FERMENTATION OF SYNGAS FROM INDIRECT GASIFICATION - Ethanol and other liquid products are produced from biomass using indirect gasification of the biomass to produce a syngas containing CO2, CO, H2 and methane that passes the syngas without substantial removal of the methane to a fermentation zone for the conversion of the CO and CO2 and H2 to ethanol and the production of a methane rich stream followed by the methane reforming of the methane rich stream to produce additional CO and CO2 and H2 that passes to the fermentation zone.11-25-2010
20110257275SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RENEWABLE RESOURCE PRODUCTION, FOR EXAMPLE, HYDROGEN PRODUCTION BY MICROBIAL ELECTROLYSIS, FERMENTATION, AND/OR PHOTOSYNTHESIS - System and method for sustainable economic development which includes hydrogen extracted from substances, for example, sea water, industrial waste water, agricultural waste water, sewage, and landfill waste water. The hydrogen extraction is accomplished by thermal dissociation, electrical dissociation, optical dissociation, and magnetic dissociation. The hydrogen extraction further includes operation in conjunction with energy addition from renewable resources, for example, solar, wind, moving water, geothermal, or biomass resources.10-20-2011
20110112202HYDRODENITROGENATION OF HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITRILE OR AMINE FUNCTIONS - Hydrocarbon compounds containing at least one nitrile or amine functional group, e.g., methylglutaronitrile or ortho-toluenediamine, are converted, via hydrodenitrogenation, into ammonia, hydrogen, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon compounds, notably into hydrocarbon compounds having a low number of carbon atoms, such as methane, or into ammonia.05-12-2011
20100190874CATALYTIC HYROGENATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE INTO SYNGAS MIXTURE - The invention relates to a process of making a syngas mixture containing hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, comprising a step of contacting a gaseous feed mixture containing carbon dioxide and hydrogen with a catalyst, which catalyst substantially consists of Mn oxide and an oxide of at least one member selected from the group consisting of Crl Ni, La, Ce, W, and Pt. This process enables hydrogenation of carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide with high selectivity, and good catalyst stability over time and under variations in processing conditions. The process can be applied separately, but can also be integrated with other processes, both up-stream and/or down-stream; like methane reforming or other synthesis processes for making products like alkanes, aldehydes, or alcohols.07-29-2010
20110201701Gas Recycle Loops In Process For Converting Municipal Solid Waste Into Ethanol - Facilities and processes for generating ethanol from municipal solid waste (MSW) in an economical way via generating a syngas, passing the syngas through a catalytic synthesis reactor, separating fuel grade ethanol, extracting energy at particular strategic points, and recycling undesired byproducts.08-18-2011
20110201700Product Recycle Loops In Process For Converting Municipal Solid Waste Into Ethanol - Facilities and processes for generating ethanol from municipal solid waste (MSW) in an economical way via generating a syngas, passing the syngas through a catalytic synthesis reactor, separating fuel grade ethanol, extracting energy at particular strategic points, and recycling undesired byproducts.08-18-2011
20110201699Processes For Recovering Waste Heat From Gasification Systems For Converting Municipal Solid Waste Into Ethanol - Facilities and processes for generating ethanol from municipal solid waste (MSW) in an economical way via generating a syngas, passing the syngas through a catalytic synthesis reactor, separating fuel grade ethanol, extracting energy at particular strategic points, and recycling undesired byproducts.08-18-2011
20100022666CO-PRODUCTION OF POWER AND HYDROCARBONS - A process (01-28-2010
20100016453Process for the coversion of synthesis gas to oxygenates - The present invention relates to an improved process for the conversion of carbon oxide(s) and hydrogen containing feedstocks to oxygen containing hydrocarbon compounds in the presence of a particulate catalyst. In particular, the present invention relates to an improved process for the conversion of carbon oxide(s) (CO and CO2) and hydrogen containing feedstocks, e.g. synthesis gas or syngas, to alcohols in the presence of a particulate modified molybdenum sulphide based catalyst, or a modified methanol based catalyst and/or a modified Fischer-Tropsch catalyst and/or a precious metal (e.g. rhodium) based catalyst.01-21-2010
20100234476Process For The Production Of Ethylene From Natural Gas With Heat Integration - The present invention relates to a process for the production of ethylene, comprising the following steps of: (a) thermally converting a feed charge containing methane into acetylene as an intermediate, (b) in-situ hydrogenation of the acetylene produced in step (a) into ethylene by a non-catalytic hydrogen transfer mechanism, characterized by (c) recovering heat from hot effluents obtained in step (b) which may be utilized for different purposes.09-16-2010
20080312347Production of Hydrocarbons from Natural Gas - A process for producing hydrocarbons from natural gas includes, in a cryogenic separation stage, cryogenically separating the natural gas to produce at least a methane stream and natural gas liquids, in a reforming stage, reforming the methane stream to produce a synthesis gas which includes at least CO and H12-18-2008
20110306684CHEMICAL PRODUCTION PROCESSES UTILIZING SYNGAS FROM PLASMA PYROLYSIS - Chemical production processes are described herein. The chemical production processes generally include providing municipal solid waste; subjecting the municipal solid waste to plasma pyrolysis to form an intermediate for chemical production, wherein the intermediate includes carbon monoxide and hydrogen; and transferring the intermediate from the plasma pyrolysis to a chemical or liquid fuel production process.12-15-2011
20120041083SILICON OR ELEMENTARY METALS AS ENERGY CARRIERS - A method for providing storable and transportable energy carriers (02-16-2012
20120208902ENHANCEMENT OF FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS FOR HYDROCARBON FUEL FORMULATION - An enhanced Fischer-Tropsch process for the synthesis of sulfur free, clean burning, green hydrocarbon fuels, examples of which include syndiesel and aviation fuel. Naphtha is destroyed in a hydrogen generator and recycled as feedstock to a syngas (FT) reactor in order to enhance the production of syndiesel from the reactor. A further variation integrates a second hydrogen generator capturing light hydrocarbon gas for conversion to hydrogen and carbon monoxide which supplements the Fischer-Tropsch reactor. The result is a considerable increase in the volume of syndiesel formulated. A system for effecting the process is also characterized in the specification.08-16-2012
20110086927METHOD FOR PRODUCING BIO-FUEL THAT INTEGRATES HEAT FROM CARBON-CARBON BOND-FORMING REACTIONS TO DRIVE BIOMASS GASIFICATION REACTIONS - A low-temperature catalytic process for converting biomass (preferably glycerol recovered from the fabrication of bio-diesel) to synthesis gas (i.e., H04-14-2011
20120022171LOW WATER BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OILS AND PROCESSES FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Low water-containing biomass-derived pyrolysis oils and processes for producing them are provided. The process includes condensing pyrolysis gases including condensable pyrolysis gases and non-condensable gases to separate the condensable pyrolysis gases from the non-condensable gases, the non-condensable gases having a water content, drying the non-condensable pyrolysis gases to reduce the water content of the-non-condensable gases to form reduced-water non-condensable pyrolysis gases, and providing the reduced-water non-condensable pyrolysis gases to a pyrolysis reactor for forming the biomass-derived pyrolysis oil.01-26-2012
20120022172METHOD FOR PROVIDING AN ENERGY CARRIER - A method for providing storable and transportable energy carriers (01-26-2012
20120065278INCORPORATION OF CATALYTIC DEHYDROGENATION INTO FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS TO SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS - A new method of producing liquid transportation fuels from coal and other hydrocarbons that significantly reduces carbon dioxide emissions by combining Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with catalytic dehydrogenation is claimed. Catalytic dehydrogenation (CDH) of the gaseous products (C1-C4) of Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) can produce large quantities of hydrogen while converting the carbon to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). Incorporation of CDH into a FTS-CDH plant converting coal to liquid fuels can eliminate all or most of the CO03-15-2012
20120309856METHOD OF PRODUCING A HYDROCARBON COMPOSITION - Method of producing a hydrocarbon composition in which a biomass raw-material is gasified to produce a raw syngas containing carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrogen, the hydrogen-to-carbon monoxide ratio being about 0.5 to 1.7. A part of the impurities is removed to produce a clean syngas which is fed into a Fischer-Tropsch reactor where a significant part of the carbon monoxide and hydrogen is converted to a hydrocarbon composition containing C12-06-2012
20110065814PROCESS FOR DIRECT CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO LIQUID FUELS AND CHEMICALS - A method of catalytically preparing a fluid product from solid carbonaceous material is described. In the method, at least one of the following equilibria is established by one or more catalysts: a) CH03-17-2011
20110130474GTL-FPSO SYSTEM FOR CONVERSION OF ASSOCIATED GAS IN OIL FIELDS AND STRANDED GAS IN STRANDED GAS FIELDS, AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF SYNTHETIC FUEL USING THE SAME - Disclosed are a gas to liquids (GTL)-floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) system that can be used in offshore oil fields or stranded gas fields and a method for producing synthetic fuel using the same. More particularly, the disclosure relates to a GTL-FPSO system capable of producing liquid synthetic fuel from gas extracted from stranded gas fields or associated gas extracted from oil fields, including a reforming reactor and a liquid hydrocarbon producer, and a method for producing the same.06-02-2011
20120165416METHOD FOR PRODUCING BIO-FUEL THAT INTEGRATES HEAT FROM CARBON-CARBON BOND-FORMING REACTIONS TO DRIVE BIOMASS GASIFICATION REACTIONS - A low-temperature catalytic process for converting biomass (preferably glycerol recovered from the fabrication of bio-diesel) to synthesis gas (i.e., H06-28-2012
20100125107MULTIPLE GASIFIERS MANIFOLDED TO MULTIPLE FISCHER-TROPSCH REACTORS WITH OPTIONAL RECYCLE TO THE REACTORS - A method of producing synthesis gas via gasification in a Fischer-Tropsch plant, the method including providing a number of gasifiers, the number of gasifiers provided being at least one more than the base number required to provide 100% plant capacity of synthesis gas when each gasifier is operated at 100% gasifier capacity. A method of continually producing synthesis gas via gasification of a carbonaceous feed in a Fischer-Tropsch plant by providing a number of gasifiers, the number of gasifiers provided being at least one more than the base number required to provide 100% plant capacity of synthesis gas when each gasifier is operated at 100% gasifier capacity; and adjusting the amount of synthesis gas produced by adjusting the number of online gasifiers, the flow rate of carbonaceous feed to each gasifier, or a combination thereof. A system for carrying out the method is also provided.05-20-2010
20120252908GASIFICATION OF CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS AND GAS TO LIQUID PROCESSES - Herein disclosed is a method of reacting one or more components in a liquid medium to form an organic product that may include feeding a carbonaceous gas and a liquid medium to a high shear device; processing the gas and the liquid medium under shearing conditions in the high shear device, resulting in an emulsion comprising at least some of the carbonaceous gas dispersed in the liquid medium, wherein the dispersed carbonaceous gas comprises gas bubbles with a mean diameter of less than about 1 μm; and reacting the emulsion to produce the organic product.10-04-2012
20110237689METHOD FOR METHANOL SYNTHESIS USING SYNTHESIS GAS GENERATED BY COMBINED REFORMING OF NATURAL GAS WITH CARBON DIOXIDE - Disclosed is a method for methanol synthesis using synthesis gas obtained from reforming of natural gas with carbon dioxide. First, synthesis gas is obtained from steam carbon dioxide reforming of methane, in which steam reforming of natural gas is carried out simultaneously with carbon dioxide reforming of methane, by using a catalyst (Ni/Ce/MgAlO09-29-2011
20130012605METHOD, SYSTEM AND EQUIPMENT FOR GASIFICATION-LIQUEFACTION DISPOSAL OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE - A gasification-liquefaction disposal method, system and equipment for MSW are disclosed. The method involves the MSW pretreatment of dehydrating and separating, thus reducing water and inorganic substance content of the waste. Then, the MSW is introduced into a plasma gasifier (01-10-2013
20110160313Recycling Methane-Rich Purge Gas to Gasifier - A process for improving the overall carbon conversion efficiency of a gasification process, as well as improving the suitability of a syngas containing 0.5-10% methane for use as a feedstock for chemical production. A gasification reactor converts carbonaceous feedstock to syngas that is, in turn, utilized for a chemical production process in a chemical production reactor. An off-gas from this chemical production reactor is directed to a selective membrane that separates the off-gas into methane-rich and hydrogen-rich fractions. The hydrogen-rich fraction, is re-utilized as feedstock for the chemical production process, while the methane-enriched fraction is returned to the gasification reactor to form additional syngas.06-30-2011
20080249196Method for Converting Hydrocarbon-Containing Gases Into Liquids Using a Syngas with Low H2/Co Ratio - The invention concerns a method for converting hydrocarbon-containing gases into hydrocarbon-containing liquids which consists in: a) producing a syngas from the hydrocarbon-containing gases, b) treating the syngas using Fischer-Tropsch process to obtain hydrocarbon-containing liquids and a residue gas comprising at least hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons, c) treating the residue gas using a separation process producing at least one gas stream comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, d) subjecting said gas stream to a reaction of carbon monoxide vapor oxidizing reaction so as to convert CO into hydrogen and CO10-09-2008
20130158137INTEGRATED BIOPROCESSING FOR FUEL PRODUCTION - Systems and methods are provided for enhancing the integration of processes for recovering products from algae-derived biomass. The enhanced process integration allows for increased use of input streams and other reagents that are derived from renewable sources. This increases the overall renewable character of the products extracted from the algae-derived biomass. The process integration can include exchange of input streams or energy between an algae processing system and a system for processing non-algal biomass. One example of improving process integration is using oxygenates that are generated in a renewable manner as a reagent for enhancing the algae processing system.06-20-2013
20100286292PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SUBSTITUTE NATURAL GAS - Process for the production of substitute natural gas (SNG) by the methanation of a synthesis gas derived from the gasification of a carbonaceous material together with water gas shift and carbon dioxide removal thereby producing a synthesis gas with a molar ratio (H11-11-2010
20110313064RECOVERY OF CO2 IN A PROCESS FOR SYNTHESIS OF METHANOL - A process for producing methanol, where a hydrocarbon feedstock (12-22-2011
20130150466MIXED OXIDE BASED CATALYST FOR THE CONVERSION OF CARBON DIOXIDE TO SYNGAS AND METHOD OF PREPARATION AND USE - The invention relates to a catalyst and process for making syngas mixtures including hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. The process comprises contacting a gaseous feed mixture containing carbon dioxide and hydrogen with the catalyst, where the catalyst comprises Mn oxide and an auxiliary metal oxide selected from the group consisting of La, Ca, K, W, Cu, Al and mixtures or combinations thereof. The process enables hydrogenation of carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide with high selectivity, and good catalyst stability over time and under variations in processing conditions. The process can be applied separately, but can also be integrated with other processes, both up-stream and/or down-stream including methane reforming or other synthesis processes for making products like alkanes, aldehydes, or alcohols.06-13-2013
20100317749Waste Water Treatment From A Biomass-To-Liquid Process Comprising Synthesis Gas Production and Integrated Factory Facility - Treatment of waste water from a biomass-to-liquid process, said process comprising producing synthesis gas from biomass and conversion of said synthesis gas into liquid hydrocarbons by a Fisher-Tropsch process. The waste waters obtained are purified in common with waste waters from another industrial process to which said biomass-to- liquid process is integrated, such as in forestry, power and/or heat generation, waste incineration or a process in a metal-, petrochemical and/or oil refining industry. The biomass-to-liquid. process and said another industrial process may have a common feed water process unit, a common cooling water process unit and a common waste water treatment unit. The waste water treatment process may comprise a biological purification process and said Fischer-Tropsch process may utilize a cobalt catalyst. An integrated factory comprising a biomass-to-liquid plant and another industrial facility in which both plants are connected to a common waste water treatment facility is also described.12-16-2010
20120283340PROCESS FOR PRODUCING METHANOL - The present invention relates to a novel process for the production of methanol. The process comprises the heterolytic cleavage of hydrogen by a frustrated Lewis pair comprising a Lewis acid and a Lewis base; and the hydrogenation of CO11-08-2012
20120088850CO-PRODUCTION OF FUELS, CHEMICALS AND ELECTRIC POWER USING TURBOCHARGERS - A method and system for co-production of electric power, fuel, and chemicals in which a synthesis gas at a first pressure is expanded using a turbo-expander, simultaneously producing electric power and an expanded synthesis gas at a second pressure after which the expanded synthesis gas is converted to a fuel and/or a chemical.04-12-2012
20130210936Catalysts for Converting Acetic Acid to Acetone - The present invention relates to a process for the formation of acetone from acetic acid. The process is conducted at an elevated temperature of above 225° C. by contacting a feed stream containing acetic acid, and an optional carrier gas, with a catalyst. The catalyst comprises a support that is favorable for the production of acetone. The support may comprise titania, zirconia, ceria, silica, iron oxide, and carbon, but preferably is titania, zirconia, and ceria.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class WITH PRELIMINARY REACTION TO FORM HYDROGEN OR A CARBON OXIDE

Patent applications in all subclasses WITH PRELIMINARY REACTION TO FORM HYDROGEN OR A CARBON OXIDE