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Contact formation (i.e., metallization)

Subclass of:

438 - Semiconductor device manufacturing: process

438048000 - MAKING DEVICE OR CIRCUIT RESPONSIVE TO NONELECTRICAL SIGNAL

438057000 - Responsive to electromagnetic radiation

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DocumentTitleDate
20130040421Method for automatic offset caculation for deposition of an aligned metal pattern onto selective emitter pattern and subsequent monitoring of alignment - A method for calculating an offset value for aligned deposition of a second pattern onto a first pattern, comprising steps of: (a) loading a substrate with the first pattern on a surface of the substrate into a pattern recognition device at an original position inside the pattern recognition device; (b) determining a coordinate of a prescribed point of the first pattern by the pattern recognition device; (c) superimposing the second pattern onto the first pattern on the surface of the substrate; (d) bringing back the substrate with the first pattern and the second pattern into the original position inside the pattern recognition device; (e) determining a coordinate of a prescribed point of the second pattern by the pattern recognition device; wherein the prescribed point of the first pattern corresponds to the prescribed point of the second pattern; and (f) calculating the offset value between the first pattern and the second pattern.02-14-2013
20110195542METHOD OF PROVIDING SOLAR CELL ELECTRODE BY ELECTROLESS PLATING AND AN ACTIVATOR USED THEREIN - A method of providing solar cell electrode by electroless plating and an activator used therein are disclosed. The method of the present invention can be performed without silver paste, and comprises steps: (A) providing a silicon substrate; (B) contacting the silicon substrate with an activator, wherein the activator comprises: a noble metal or a noble metal compound, a thickening agent, and water; (C) washing the silicon substrate by a cleaning agent; (D) dipping the silicon substrate in an electroless nickel plating solution to perform electroless plating. The method of providing solar cell electrode by electroless plating of the present invention has high selectivity between silicon nitride and silicon, large working window, and is steady, easily to be controlled, therefore is suitable for being used in the fabrication of the electrodes of the solar cell substrate.08-11-2011
20130084676PRINTING PLATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL ELEMENT USING THE PRINTING PLATE - Disclosed are: a printing plate having improved productivity; and a method for manufacturing a solar cell element, which uses the printing plate. A printing plate according to one embodiment of the present invention comprises: a metal plate; a buffer layer that is arranged on one main surface of the metal plate; and a slit that penetrates through the metal plate and the buffer layer. The slit has a first penetrating part that is located in the metal plate, a second penetrating part that is located in the buffer layer, and a bridge that is arranged inside and across the first penetrating part. When viewed in plan from the above-mentioned main surface side, the buffer layer-side opening edge of the first penetrating part is inside the metal plate-side opening edge of the second penetrating part.04-04-2013
20130078759COMPOSITION FOR FORMING N-TYPE DIFFUSION LAYER, METHOD OF FORMING N-TYPE DIFFUSION LAYER, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - The composition for forming an n-type diffusion layer in accordance with the present invention contains a glass powder and a dispersion medium, in which the glass powder includes an donor element and a total amount of the life time killer element in the glass powder is 1000 ppm or less. An n-type diffusion layer and a photovoltaic cell having an n-type diffusion layer are prepared by applying the composition for forming an n-type diffusion layer, followed by a thermal diffusion treatment.03-28-2013
20130040422Thick Film Pastes For Fire Through Applications In Solar Cells - Formulations and methods of making solar cell contacts and cells therewith are disclosed. The invention provides a photovoltaic cell comprising a front contact, a back contact, and a rear contact. The back contact comprises, prior to firing, a passivating layer onto which is applied a paste, comprising aluminum, a glass component, wherein the aluminum paste comprises, aluminum, another optional metal, a glass component, and a vehicle. The back contact comprises, prior to firing, a passivating layer onto which is applied an aluminum paste, wherein the aluminum paste comprises aluminum, a glass component, and a vehicle.02-14-2013
20090221112Method for Metallizing Semiconductor Elements and Use Thereof - The present invention relates to a method for metallizing semiconductor components in which aluminium is used. In particular in the case of products in which the process costs play a big part, such as e.g. solar cells based on silicon, a cost advantage can be achieved with the invention. In addition, the present invention relates to the use of the method, for example in the production of solar cells.09-03-2009
20100330736METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR BATTERY - When a layered structure of a transparent electrode layer and a metal layer is formed as a back side electrode layer over a surface on a side opposite to a side of incidence of light of a thin film solar battery, a time when formation of the transparent electrode layer is completed and a time when formation of the metal layer is started are made to coincide for one substrate.12-30-2010
20130089947METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - Manufacturing a semiconductor device includes preparing a structure including a semiconductor substrate having a first region and a second region, a first insulating film arranged on the first region, a second insulating film arranged on the first insulating film, a third insulating film arranged on the second insulating film, a fourth insulating film arranged on the second region, a fifth insulating film arranged on the fourth insulating film, and a sixth insulating film arranged on the fifth insulating film, etching the second insulating film and the first insulating film under different etching conditions after etching the third insulating film, and continuously etching the fifth insulating film and the fourth insulating film under the same etching conditions after etching the sixth insulating film.04-11-2013
20090305457SOLAR CELL, SOLAR MODULE AND SYSTEM AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A solar cell having an improved structure of rear surface includes a p-type doped region, a dense metal layer, a loose metal layer, at least one bus bar opening, and solderable material on or within the bus bar opening. The solderable material contacts with the dense aluminum layer. The improved structure in rear surface increases the light converting efficiency, and provides a good adhesion between copper ribbon and solar cell layer thereby providing cost advantages and reducing the complexity in manufacturing. A solar module and solar system composed of such solar cell are also disclosed.12-10-2009
20090305456Method of Manufacturing Back Junction Solar Cell - A method of manufacturing a back junction solar cell comprises the steps of forming a first diffusion mask (12-10-2009
20130071968COMPOSITION FOR FORMING P-TYPE DIFFUSION LAYER, METHOD OF FORMING P-TYPE DIFFUSION LAYER, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - The composition for forming a composition for forming a p-type diffusion layer, the composition containing a glass powder and a dispersion medium, in which the glass powder includes an acceptor element and a total amount of a life time killer element in the glass powder is 1000 ppm or less. A p-type diffusion layer and a photovoltaic cell having a p-type diffusion layer are prepared by applying the composition for forming a p-type diffusion layer, followed by a thermal diffusion treatment.03-21-2013
20130071967Method for Making a Nickel Film for Use as an Electrode of an N-P Diode or Solar Cell - Disclosed is a method for making a nickel film for use as an electrode of an n-p diode or solar cell. A light source is used to irradiate an n-type surface of the n-p diode or solar cell, thus producing electron-hole pairs in the n-p diode or solar cell. For the electric field effect at an n-p interface, electrons drift to and therefore accumulate on the n-type surface. With a plating agent, the diode voltage is added to the chemical potential for electroless plating of nickel on the n-type surface. The nickel film can be used as a buffer layer between a contact electrode and the diode or solar cell. The nickel film reduces the contact resistance to prevent a reduced efficiency of the diode or solar cell that would otherwise be caused by diffusion of the atoms of the electrode in following electroplating.03-21-2013
20110014743ALUMINUM THICK FILM COMPOSITION(S), ELECTRODE(S), SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE(S), AND METHODS OF MAKING THEREOF - The present invention is directed to a thick film conductor composition comprised of (a) aluminum-containing powder; (b) one or more glass frit compositions; dispersed in (c) organic medium wherein at least one of said glass frit compositions has a softening point of less than 400° C.01-20-2011
20090269878EMBEDDED WAVEGUIDE DETECTORS - A method of fabricating a detector that involves: forming a trench in a substrate, the substrate having an upper surface; forming a first doped semiconductor layer on the substrate and in the trench; forming a second semiconductor layer on the first doped semiconductor layer and extending into the trench, the second semiconductor layer having a conductivity that is less than the conductivity of the first doped semiconductor layer; forming a third doped semiconductor layer on the second semiconductor layer and extending into the trench; removing portions of the first, second and third layers that are above a plane defined by the surface of the substrate to produce an upper, substantially planar surface and expose an upper end of the first doped semiconductor layer in the trench; forming a first electrical contact to the first semiconductor doped layer; and forming a second electrical contact to the third semiconductor doped layer.10-29-2009
20090269877METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACHIEVING LOW RESISTANCE CONTACT TO A METAL BASED THIN FILM SOLAR CELL - A system and method of forming a thin film solar cell with a metallic foil substrate are provided. After forming a semiconductor absorber film over the front surface of the metallic foil substrate a back surface of the metallic foil substrate is treated using a material removal process to form a treated back surface in a process chamber. In one embodiment, the material removal process is performed while depositing a transparent conductive layer over the semiconductor absorber film in the process chamber.10-29-2009
20090068787SOLID STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method for manufacturing a solid state image pickup device in which a semiconductor substrate includes a pixel region where a plurality of pixels are arranged, each pixel including a signal charge accumulating portion and a transistor, and a pixel well of a first conductive type shared by the respective pixels, the method comprising: (a) a first step of forming a first impurity doped region by ion-implanting an impurity of the first conductive type to a surface of the semiconductor substrate together with the pixel well at a surface density of 1×1003-12-2009
20120196401Nano/Microwire Solar Cell Fabricated by Nano/Microsphere Lithography - Techniques for fabricating nanowire/microwire-based solar cells are provided. In one, a method for fabricating a solar cell is provided. The method includes the following steps. A doped substrate is provided. A monolayer of spheres is deposited onto the substrate. The spheres include nanospheres, microspheres or a combination thereof. The spheres are trimmed to introduce space between individual spheres in the monolayer. The trimmed spheres are used as a mask to pattern wires in the substrate. The wires include nanowires, microwires or a combination thereof. A doped emitter layer is formed on the patterned wires. A top contact electrode is deposited over the emitter layer. A bottom contact electrode is deposited on a side of the substrate opposite the wires.08-02-2012
20120115275FORMING PHOTOVOLTAIC CONDUCTIVE FEATURES FROM MULTIPLE INKS - Photovoltaic conductive features and processes for forming photovoltaic conductive features are described. The process comprises (a) providing a substrate comprising a passivation layer disposed on a silicon layer; (b) depositing a surface modifying material onto at least a portion of the passivation layer; (c) depositing a composition comprising at least one of metallic nanoparticles comprising a metal or a metal precursor to the metal onto at least a portion of the substrate; and (d) heating the composition such that it forms at least a portion of a photovoltaic conductive feature in electrical contact with the silicon layer, wherein at least one of the composition or the surface modifying material etches a region of the passivation layer. When the surface modifying material is a UV-curable material, the process comprises the additional step of curing the UV-curable material.05-10-2012
20130164887METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A SOLAR CELL - In a method for manufacturing a solar cell where the solar cell includes a dopant layer having a first portion of a first resistance and a second portion of a second resistance lower than the first resistance, the method includes ion-implanting a dopant into the semiconductor substrate to form the dopant layer; firstly activating by heating the second portion and activating the dopant at the second portion; and secondly activating by heating the first portion and the second portion and activating the dopant at the first portion and the second portion.06-27-2013
20130164888Graphene Solar Cell - A solar cell includes a semiconductor portion, a graphene layer disposed on a first surface of the semiconductor portion, and a first conductive layer patterned on the graphene layer, the first conductive layer including at least one bus bar portion and a plurality of fingers extending from the at least one bus bar portion.06-27-2013
20120100666PHOTOLUMINESCENCE IMAGE FOR ALIGNMENT OF SELECTIVE-EMITTER DIFFUSIONS - Embodiments of the invention generally provide a solar cell formation process that includes the formation of metal contacts over heavily doped regions that are formed in a desired pattern on a surface of a substrate. Embodiments of the invention also provide an inspection system and supporting hardware that is used to reliably position a similarly shaped, or patterned, metal contact structure on the patterned heavily doped regions to allow an Ohmic contact to be made. The metal contact structure, such as fingers and busbars, are formed on the heavily doped regions so that a high quality electrical connection can be formed between these two regions.04-26-2012
20110086466CONTACT FABRICATION OF EMITTER WRAP-THROUGH BACK CONTACT SILICON SOLAR CELLS - Back contact solar cells including rear surface structures and methods for making same. The rear surface has small contact areas through at least one dielectric layer, including but not limited to a passivation layer, a nitride layer, a diffusion barrier, and/or a metallization barrier. The dielectric layer is preferably screen printed. Large grid areas overlay the dielectric layer. The methods provide for increasing efficiency by minimizing p-type contact areas and maximizing n-type doped regions on the rear surface of a p-type substrate.04-14-2011
20100210066ELECTRODE PASTE FOR SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL ELECTRODE USING THE PASTE - An electrode paste for a solar cell comprising electrically conductive particles, lead-free glass frit, a resin binder and zinc oxide particles, wherein zinc oxide particles having a specific surface area of 6 m08-19-2010
20110300666PHOTODIODE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD - The invention provides a semiconductor device manufactured with a plurality of photodiodes so that it does not short circuit, and includes an opening without leakage. A second semiconductor layer (12-08-2011
20090162972METALLIZATION CONTACT STRUCTURES AND METHODS FOR FORMING MULTIPLE-LAYER ELECTRODE STRUCTURES FOR SILICON SOLAR CELLS - Metallization contact structures and methods for forming a multiple-layer electrode structure on a solar cell include depositing a conductive contact layer on a semiconductor substrate and depositing a metal bearing ink onto a portion of the conductive contact layer, wherein the exposed portions of the conductive contact layer are adjacent to the metal bearing ink. The conductive contact layer is patterned by removing the exposed portions of the conductive contact layer from the semiconductor substrate. The metal bearing ink is aligned with one or more openings in a dielectric layer of the semiconductor substrate and with unexposed portions of the conductive contact layer. The unexposed portions of the conductive contact layer are interposed between the metal bearing ink and the dielectric layer of the semiconductor substrate such that the conductive contact layer pattern is aligned with metal bearing ink. The semiconductor substrate is thermally processed to form a current carrying metal gridline by sintering the metal bearing ink.06-25-2009
20120108004PHOTO-SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method of manufacturing photo-semiconductor device that has a photoconductive semiconductor film provided with electrodes and formed on a second substrate, the semiconductor film being formed by epitaxial growth on a first semiconductor substrate different from the second substrate, the second substrate being also provided with electrodes, the electrodes of the second substrate and the electrodes of the photoconductive semiconductor film being held in contact with each other.05-03-2012
20120108003METHOD FOR PRODUCING A SOLAR CELL - In various embodiments, a method for producing a solar cell is provided. In accordance with the method, through-holes may be formed in a solar cell substrate having the basic doping of a first conduction type. Furthermore, predetermined surface regions of a first surface of the solar cell substrate which include at least one portion of the through-holes may be highly doped with a second, opposite conduction type; and simultaneously or subsequently other surface regions of the first surface are lightly doped with the second conduction type. Furthermore, first and second metallic contacts may subsequently be formed in such a way that the second metallic contacts are electrically isolated from the first metallic contacts.05-03-2012
20110294256FILM-FORMING METHOD FOR FORMING PASSIVATION FILM AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SOLAR CELL ELEMENT - The challenge for the present invention is to provide a film-forming method and for forming a passivation film which can sufficiently inhibit the loss of carriers due to their recombination; and a method for manufacturing a solar cell element with the use of the method or the device. The film-forming device comprises a mounting portion 12-01-2011
20110294255METHOD FOR FORMING SILICON TRENCH - A method for forming a silicon trench, comprises the steps of: defining an etching area at a silicon substrate; forming metal catalysts at the surface of the etching area; immersing the silicon substrate in a first etching solution thereby forming anisotropic silicon nanostructures in the etching area; immersing the silicon substrate in a second etching solution thereby resulting in the silicon nanostructures being side-etched and detached from the silicon substrate, thus forming the silicon trench.12-01-2011
20100279459METHOD FOR REDUCING CONTACT RESISTANCE OF CMOS IMAGE SENSOR - A method for performing a CMOS Image Sensor (CIS) silicide process is provided to reduce pixel contact resistance. In one embodiment, the method comprises forming a Resist Protect Oxide (RPO) layer on the CIS, forming a Contact Etch Stop Layer (CESL), forming an Inter-Layer Dielectric (ILD) layer, performing contact lithography/etching, performing Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) at a pixel contact hole area, annealing for silicide formation at pixel contact hole area, performing contact filling, and defining the first metal layer. The Resist Protect Oxide (RPO) layer can be formed without using a photo mask of Cell Resist Protect Oxide (CIRPO) photolithography for pixel array and/or without silicide process at pixel array. The method can include implanting N+ or P+ for pixel contact plugs at the pixel contact hole area. The contact filling can comprise depositing contact glue plugs and performing Chemical Mechanical Polishing (CMP).11-04-2010
20100136737METHOD OF MAKING CMOS IMAGE SENSOR-HYBRID SILICIDE - Techniques for manufacturing a CMOS image sensor are provided. A semiconductor substrate is provided, and at least one isolation region can be formed between a periphery region of the substrate and a photo-sensing region of the substrate. A first well in the periphery region and a second well in the photo-sensing region of the substrate are formed. A third well associated with a photodiode is also formed. A gate oxide layer, polysilicon layer, and first metal layer are respectively deposited. The polysilicon layer and first metal layer are etched to form an least one gate in the photo-sensing region and at least one gate in the periphery region. At least two doped regions in the first well are formed, as well as a doped region in the second well. A silicide block layer is deposited over the photo-sensing region of the substrate. A second metal layer is deposited at least over the periphery region after deposition of the silicide block. The substrate is exposed to a thermal environment to form silicide. The second metal layer is removed by etching.06-03-2010
20090209060PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERTING FILM STACK TYPE SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME - A solid-state image pickup device comprises: a plurality of photoelectric converting films stacked via an insulating layer, the photoelectric converting films being above a semiconductor substrate in which a signal read circuit is formed, in which each of the photoelectric converting films is sandwiched between a pixel electrode film and an opposing electrode film, wherein the pixel electrode film of an upper one of the photoelectric converting films is connected to the signal read circuit by a longitudinal line passing through a lower one of the photoelectric converting films, and, in the longitudinal line, a passing portion which passes through the lower photoelectric converting film is formed by filling an opening with a conductive material, the opening being formed from a same plane of the pixel electrode film stacked on the lower photoelectric converting film to an upper end face of the insulating layer stacked above the photoelectric converting film.08-20-2009
20100267194METHOD FOR APPLYING ELECTRICAL CONTACTS ON SEMICONDUCTING SUBSTRATES, SEMICONDUCTING SUBSTRATE AND USE OF THE METHOD - An electrical contact is applied on a semiconducting substrate, such as a solar cell. A layer of metallic powder is applied on the substrate. A laser beam is the guided over the substrate for local sintering and/or melting of the metallic powder. The non-sintered or non-melted metallic powder is then removed from the substrate.10-21-2010
20120083068PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MAKING - One aspect of the present invention provides a device that includes a substrate; a first semiconducting layer; a transparent conductive layer; a transparent window layer. The transparent window layer includes cadmium sulfide and oxygen. The device has a fill factor of greater than about 0.65. Another aspect of the present invention provides a method of making the device.04-05-2012
20100120194METHOD OF MANUFACTURING IMAGE SENSOR - A method of manufacturing an image sensor includes forming an interlayer dielectric including a metal line on a semiconductor substrate, forming an image sensing part, over which a first doped layer and a second doped layer are stacked, over the interlayer dielectric, forming a via hole exposing the metal line, the via hole passing through the image sensing part and the interlayer dielectric, forming a first barrier layer and a second barrier layer over surfaces defining the via hole, forming a contact plug inside the via hole to have a first height equal to that of the first doped layer, thereby exposing the second barrier layer over the second doped layer inside the via hole, performing a wet etch process on the exposed second barrier layer to form a second barrier pattern having the same height as that of the contact plug, and performing a wet etch process on the first barrier layer to expose the second doped layer within the via hole, thereby forming a first barrier pattern.05-13-2010
20090239332Bifacial Cell With Extruded Gridline Metallization - Provided is a bifacial photovoltaic arrangement comprising a bifacial cell which included a semiconductor layer having a first surface and a second surface, a first passivation layer formed on the first surface of the semiconductor layer and a second passivation layer formed on the second surface of the semiconductor layer, and a plurality of metallizations formed on the first and second passivation layers and selectively connected to the semiconductor layer. At least some of the metallizations on the bifacial photovoltaic arrangement comprising an elongated metal structure having a relatively small width and a relatively large height extending upward from the first and second passivation layers.09-24-2009
20090148978PROCESSES FOR FORMING PHOTOVOLTAIC CONDUCTIVE FEATURES FROM MULTIPLE INKS - Photovoltaic conductive features and processes for forming photovoltaic conductive features are described. The process comprises (a) providing a substrate comprising a passivation layer disposed on a silicon layer; (b) depositing a surface modifying material onto at least a portion of the passivation layer; (c) depositing a composition comprising at least one of metallic nanoparticles comprising a metal or a metal precursor to the metal onto at least a portion of the substrate; and (d) heating the composition such that it forms at least a portion of a photovoltaic conductive feature in electrical contact with the silicon layer, wherein at least one of the composition or the surface modifying material etches a region of the passivation layer. When the surface modifying material is a UV-curable material, the process comprises the additional step of curing the UV-curable material.06-11-2009
20090263931THINNED IMAGE SENSOR WITH TRENCH-INSULATED CONTACT TERMINALS - The invention relates to the fabrication of thinned substrate image sensors, and notably color image sensors. After the fabrication steps carried out from the front face of a silicon substrate the front face is transferred onto a substrate. The silicon is thinned, and the connection terminals are produced by the rear face. A multiplicity of localized contact holes are opened through the thinning silicon, in the location of a connection terminal. The holes exposing a first conductive layer (10-22-2009
20110201147PASTE FOR BACK CONTACT-TYPE SOLAR CELL - Disclosed is a method for producing a solar cell electrode, comprising the steps of: (08-18-2011
20100285631METHOD OF SELECTIVELY DOPING A SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL FOR FABRICATING A SOLAR CELL - The present disclosure provides a method of selectively doping a semiconductor material for fabricating a solar cell. The method comprises forming at least one angled groove in the semiconductor material and forming a diffusion barrier on the semiconductor material. The diffusion barrier comprises a diffusion barrier material that is selected so that diffusing of a dopant material through the diffusion barrier is reduced. The method also comprises doping the semiconductor material by exposing the semiconductor material to the dopant material in a manner such that a region of the semiconductor material that is covered by the diffusion barrier has a predetermined first dopant concentration. In addition, the method comprises forming an electrical contact within the at least one angled groove after exposing the semiconductor material to the dopant material. The method is conducted so that a surface area of the semiconductor material within the at least one groove is substantially free from diffusion barrier material and has a second dopant concentration that is higher than the first dopant concentration.11-11-2010
20110201146PASTE FOR BACK CONTACT-TYPE SOLAR CELL - Disclosed is a method for producing a solar cell electrode, comprising the steps of: (1) applying a paste comprising (a) electrically conductive particles containing silver particle having a particle size of 0.1 to 10 microns and an added particle comprising a metal alloy comprising metal particles selected from the group consisting of Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, Pd, W, Re, Os, Ir and Pt particles onto the opposite side from the light receiving side of a back contact-type solar cell substrate, wherein content of the silver particle is 40 to 90 wt %, and content of the added particle is 0.01 to 10 wt % based on the weight of the paste; and (2) firing the applied paste.08-18-2011
20110207261MASK AND FILM FORMATION METHOD USING THE SAME - A mask includes: a tabular first section which includes a side portion and an opening portion formed at a position corresponding to a film formation region of a substrate and on which the substrate is to be disposed so that the first section overlaps a face of the substrate on which a film is to be formed; and a second section which is provided along the side portion of the first section, and covers at least one of portions of a side face of the substrate, wherein second sections of two adjacent masks overlap each other and a superposed section is thereby formed when a plurality of masks are arrayed in a lateral direction thereof.08-25-2011
20120288991BURNTHROUGH FORMULATIONS - For solar cell fabrication, the addition of precursors to printable media to assist etching through silicon nitride or silicon oxide layer thus affording contact with the substance underneath the nitride or oxide layer. The etching mechanism may be by molten ceramics formed in situ, fluoride-based etching, as well as a combination of the two.11-15-2012
20120288989MANUFACTURING METHOD OF ELECTRODE OF SOLAR CELL AND MANUFACTURING APPARATUS THEREOF - A manufacturing method of an electrode of a solar cell is provided. The manufacturing method of the electrode of the solar cell includes following steps. A laser doping process is performed to form a selective emitter on a substrate. A laser marking process is performed to form alignment markers on the substrate. The laser doping process and the laser marking process are performed in a same process chamber. An electrode screen printing process is performed to form an electrode on the selective emitter according to the alignment markers. Relative displacement between the alignment markers and the laser doping area (the selective emitter) is avoided so as to reduce the error of the subsequent screen printing process.11-15-2012
20100136738SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - To arrange diffusion-inhibitory films 06-03-2010
20080274583THROUGH-WAFER VIAS - A through-wafer via structure and method for forming the same. The through-wafer via structure includes a wafer having an opening and a top wafer surface. The top wafer surface defines a first reference direction perpendicular to the top wafer surface. The through-wafer via structure further includes a through-wafer via in the opening. The through-wafer via has a shape of a rectangular plate. A height of the through-wafer via in the first reference direction essentially equals a thickness of the wafer in the first reference direction. A length of the through-wafer via in a second reference direction is at least ten times greater than a width of the through-wafer via in a third reference direction. The first, second, and third reference directions are perpendicular to each other.11-06-2008
20090170236MANUFACTURING METHOD OF IMAGE SENSOR - A manufacturing method of an image sensor includes forming lower electrodes over a semiconductor substrate having metal wires and an interlayer insulating film formed thereover; removing a photoresist polymer produced by the formation of the lower electrodes by performing a primary treatment using a first substance; and then removing an electrode polymer produced by the formation of the lower electrodes by performing a secondary treatment using a second substance.07-02-2009
20090170234Image Sensor and Method for Manufacturing Thereof - Disclosed is a method for manufacturing an image sensor. The method includes a process for removing foreign matter from a non-device area of a wafer before forming contacts in a device area of the wafer. According to an embodiment, an insulating layer formed in the non-device area is removed by performing a first process with respect to the non-device area. Then, a contact can be formed in the insulating layer in the device area.07-02-2009
20110269264METHODS FOR FABRICATION OF NANOWALL SOLAR CELLS AND OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES - A photovoltaic device that includes a substrate and a nanowall structure disposed on the substrate surface. The device also includes at least one layer conformally deposited over the nanowall structure. The conformal layer(s) is at least a portion of a photoactive junction. A method for making a photovoltaic device includes generating a nanowall structure on a substrate surface and conformally depositing at least one layer over the nanowall structure thereby forming at least one photoactive junction. A solar panel includes at least one photovoltaic device based on a nanowall structure. The solar panel isolates such devices from its surrounding atmospheric environment and permits the generation of electrical power. Optoelectronic device may also incorporate a photovoltaic device based on a nanowall structure.11-03-2011
20110269263METHOD FOR IMPLANTING IMPURITIES INTO A SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A SOLAR CELL USING THE SAME - In a method for implanting impurities into a substrate and a method for manufacturing a solar cell using the method, a substrate is dipped into a first solution including a first impurity, and a laser is irradiated to a first region of the substrate dipped into the first solution is irradiated with laser to implant a first dopant generated from the first impurity into the first region. Accordingly, the first dopant generated from the first impurity is implanted into the substrate at room temperature to improve reliability for implanting the first dopant.11-03-2011
20110223713CONDUCTIVE PASTE AND GRID ELECTRODE FOR SILICON SOLAR CELLS - A method for producing a solar cell electrode, comprising the steps of: applying on at least part of a light-receiving surface of a semiconductor substrate a conductive paste comprising conductive component, glass frit, and resin binder, wherein the conductive component comprises silver particles and core-shell particles in which a metal selected from the group consisting of Pd, Ir, Pt, Ru, Ti, and Co is coated on a surface of silver or copper; and firing the conductive paste.09-15-2011
20130217178METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING A THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A method for manufacturing a thin film photovoltaic cell having a first electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer including a plurality of photoelectric conversion cells, and a second electrode layer sequentially formed on a substrate. The method includes calculating a difference between a weighted mean wavelength of spectral sensitivity of the photoelectric conversion layer and a weighted mean wavelength of a spectrum of incident sunlight that is at a place of installation of the thin film photovoltaic cell and is in a wavelength range contributing to power generation by the thin film photovoltaic cell, and determining a structure of the photoelectric conversion cells, such that the difference is confined to a predetermined range.08-22-2013
20110223712CONDUCTIVE PASTE AND GRID ELECTRODE FOR SILICON SOLAR CELLS - A method for producing a solar cell electrode, comprising the steps of: applying on at least part of a light-receiving surface of a semiconductor substrate a conductive paste comprising conductive component, glass frit, and resin binder, wherein the conductive component comprises alloy particles comprising silver and a metal selected from the group consisting of Pd, Ir, Pt, Ru, Ti, and Co; and firing the conductive paste.09-15-2011
20100003781ROLL-TO-ROLL NON-VACUUM DEPOSITION OF TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE ELECTRODES - Methods and devices are provided for improved photovoltaic devices. Non-vacuum deposition of transparent conductive electrodes in a roll-to-roll manufacturing environment is disclosed. In one embodiment, a method is provided for forming a photovoltaic device. The method comprises processing a precursor layer in one or more steps to form a photovoltaic absorber layer; depositing a smoothing layer to fill gaps and depression in the absorber layer to reduce a roughness of the absorber layer; adding an insulating layer over the smooth layer; and forming a web-like layer of conductive material over the insulating layer. By way of nonlimiting example, the web-like layer of conductive material comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes. In some embodiments, the absorber layer is a group IB-IIIA-VIA absorber layer.01-07-2010
20090239331METHODS FOR FORMING MULTIPLE-LAYER ELECTRODE STRUCTURES FOR SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - Methods for forming a photovoltaic cell electrode structure, wherein the photovoltaic cell includes a semiconductor substrate having a passivation layer thereon, includes providing a plurality of contact openings through the passivation layer to the semiconductor substrate, selectively plating a contact metal into the plurality of contact openings to deposit the contact metal, depositing a metal containing material on the deposited contact metal, and firing the deposited contact metal and the deposited metal containing material. The metal containing material may include a paste containing a silver or silver alloy along with a glass frit and is substantially free to completely free of lead. The methods may also use light activation of the passivation layer or use seed layers to assist in the plating.09-24-2009
20130122644SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A semiconductor device comprises a semiconductor substrate, and a multilayer wiring structure arranged on the semiconductor substrate, the multilayer wiring structure including a plurality of first electrically conductive lines, an insulating film covering the plurality of first electrically conductive lines, and a second electrically conductive line arranged on the insulating film so as to intersect the plurality of first electrically conductive lines, wherein the insulating film has gaps in at least some of a plurality of regions where the plurality of first electrically conductive lines and the second electrically conductive line intersect each other, and a width of the gap in a direction along the second electrically conductive line is not larger than a width of the first electrically conductive line.05-16-2013
20120196399Nitrogen Reactive Sputtering of Cu-In-Ga-N For Solar Cells - Methods for forming Cu—In—Ga—N (CIGN) layers for use in TFPV solar panels are described using reactive PVD deposition in a nitrogen containing atmosphere. In some embodiments, the CIGN layers can be used as an absorber layer and eliminate the need of a selenization step. In some embodiments, the CIGN layers can be used as a protective layer to decrease the sensitivity of the CIG layer to oxygen or moisture before the selenization step. In some embodiments, the CIGN layers can be used as an adhesion layer to improve the adhesion between the back contact layer and the absorber layer.08-02-2012
20120142140NANOPARTICLE INKS FOR SOLAR CELLS - In a process for producing a solar cell, a sintering process performed on a nickel nanoparticle ink forms nickel silicide to create good adhesion and a low electrical ohmic contact to a silicon layer underneath, and allows for a subsequently electroplated metal layer to reduce electrode resistances. The printed nickel nanoparticles react with the silicon nitride of the antireflective layer to form conductive nickel silicide.06-07-2012
20120196400METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR BATTERY - When a layered structure of a transparent electrode layer and a metal layer is formed as a back side electrode layer over a surface on a side opposite to a side of incidence of light of a thin film solar battery, a time when formation of the transparent electrode layer is completed and a time when formation of the metal layer is started are made to coincide for one substrate.08-02-2012
20100227433ELECTROCONDUCTIVE THICK FILM COMPOSITION, ELECTRODE, AND SOLAR CELL FORMED THEREFROM - The electroconductive thick film paste of the present invention is a silver electroconductive paste, which includes silver particles, glass particles, and an organic vehicle, and is used in an electrode for connecting a back face terminal on the silicon substrate of a solar cell, and is characterized by the fact that the average particle diameter of said silver particles is 3.0-15.0 μm. The present invention is further directed to an electrode formed from the composition as detailed above and a solar cell comprising said electrode.09-09-2010
20090142880Solar Cell Contact Formation Process Using A Patterned Etchant Material - Embodiments of the invention contemplate the formation of a high efficiency solar cell using novel methods to form the active region(s) and the metal contact structure of a solar cell device. In one embodiment, the methods include the use of various etching and patterning processes that are used to define point contacts through a blanket dielectric layer covering a surface of a solar cell substrate. The method generally includes depositing an etchant material that enables formation of a desired pattern in a dielectric layer through which electrical contacts to the solar cell device can be formed.06-04-2009
20110117694SOLAR CELL HAVING SPHERICAL SURFACE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Provided is a solar cell having a spherical surface. The solar cell includes a substrate having a back contact layer formed thereon; a plurality of carbon nanoelectrodes formed on the back contact layer so as to cross the back contact layer at right angles; a p-type junction layer formed to have a plurality of spheres which surround the plurality of carbon nanoelectrodes; an n-type junction layer and a transparent electrode layer that are sequentially laminated on the p-type junction layer; a first electrode formed on one side of the top surface of the back contact layer; and a second electrode formed on one side of the top surface of the transparent layer.05-19-2011
20110237024METHOD FOR PROCESSINIG AN EDGE OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL - A method for processing an edge of a photovoltaic panel is described. A first electrically-conductive film, a photovoltaic film and a second electrically-conductive film are serially formed as a stack of three films over a surface of a substrate. An edge section of the stack of three films is removed from the surface of the substrate by sandblasting. At least two separate grooves are formed by laser scribing on all the three films adjacent to the removed edge section of the stack of three films.09-29-2011
20130137211METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL - A second semiconductor layer is formed to cover a first principle surface of a semiconductor substrate including a insulating layer formed on the first principle surface. A portion of the second semiconductor layer formed on the insulating layer is partially removed by etching using a first etchant whose etching rate is higher for the second semiconductor layer than for the insulating layer. A portion of the insulating layer is removed by etching, through the removed portion of the second semiconductor layer, using a second etchant whose etching rate for the insulating layer is higher than that for the second semiconductor layer, thereby exposing apart of the first semiconductor layer. Electrodes are formed on the exposed part of the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer, respectively.05-30-2013
20100311203Passivation process for solar cell fabrication - Embodiments of the invention contemplate the formation of a high efficiency solar cell using a novel plasma oxidation process to form a passivation film stack on a surface of a solar cell substrate. In one embodiment, the methods include providing a substrate having a first type of doping atom on a back surface of the substrate and a second type of doping atom on a front surface of the substrate, plasma oxidizing the back surface of the substrate to form an oxidation layer thereon, and forming a silicon nitride layer on the oxidation layer.12-09-2010
20100311204METHOD FOR FORMING TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE OXIDE - Embodiments disclosed herein generally relate to a process of depositing a transparent conductive oxide layer over a substrate. The transparent oxide layer is sometimes deposited onto a substrate for later use in a solar cell device. The transparent conductive oxide layer may be deposited by a “cold” sputtering process. In other words, during the sputtering process, a plasma is ignited in the processing chamber which naturally heats the substrate. No additional heat is provided to the substrate during deposition such as from the susceptor. After the transparent conductive oxide layer is deposited, the substrate may be annealed and etched, in either order, to texture the transparent conductive oxide layer. In order to tailor the shape of the texturing, different wet etch chemistries may be utilized. The different etch chemistries may be used to shape the surface of the transparent conductive oxide and the etch rate.12-09-2010
20130143353PATTERNED IMPLANT OF A DIELECTRIC LAYER - At least part of a dielectric layer is implanted to form implanted regions. The implanted regions affect the etch rate of the dielectric layer during the formation of the openings through the dielectric layer. Metal contacts may be formed within these openings. The dielectric layer, which may be SiO06-06-2013
20130143355Back-Contact for Thin Film Solar Cells Optimized for Light Trapping for Ultrathin Absorbers - Methods for increasing the power output of a TFPV solar panel using thin absorber layers comprise techniques for roughening and/or texturing the back contact layer. The techniques comprise roughening the substrate prior to the back contact deposition, embedding particles in sol-gel films formed on the substrate, and forming multicomponent, polycrystalline films that result in a roughened surface after a wet etch step, etc.06-06-2013
20120270364SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - A semiconductor device includes a semiconductor substrate having at least one surface provided with a semiconductor element, wherein the semiconductor substrate includes a region of a first conductivity type, the region being formed in a surface layer portion of the semiconductor substrate; a first diffusion region of a second conductivity type, the first diffusion region having a first impurity concentration and being formed in the surface layer portion, and a pn junction being formed between the first diffusion region and the region of the first conductivity type; and a first metal silicide film formed on part of a portion of the surface corresponding to the first diffusion region.10-25-2012
20110244626METHOD OF FORMING SOLAR CELL - A method of forming solar cell includes the following steps. A substrate having a first region and a second region is provided. A dopant source layer is then formed on the substrate. A laser beam is used to locally irradiate the dopant source layer corresponding to the first region to locally diffuse the dopants of the dopant source layer on the first region downward into the substrate. The laser beam also changes the surface property of the substrate in the first region to form a visible patterned mark. The dopant source layer is then removed, and a patterned electrode is formed on the first region of the substrate using the visible patterned mark as an alignment mark.10-06-2011
20110244627METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - In a method of manufacturing a photoelectric conversion device having a pixel region and a peripheral circuit region, a semiconductor compound layer is formed by causing a surface of a diffusion layer or gate electrode of a MOS transistor in the peripheral circuit region to react with a high melting point metal, then an insulating layer is formed in the pixel region and the peripheral circuit region after the step of forming a semiconductor compound layer. A contact hole is formed in the insulating layer to expose a diffusion layer in the pixel region, and a contact hole is formed in the insulating layer to expose the semiconductor compound layer formed in the peripheral circuit region. These holes are formed at different timings. Prior to forming the hole which is formed later, a contact plug is formed in the contact hole which is formed earlier.10-06-2011
20110244625Continuously Optimized Solar Cell Metallization Design through Feed-Forward Process - An improved, lower cost method of processing substrates, such as to create solar cells, is disclosed. The doped regions are created on the substrate, using a mask or without the use of lithography or masks. After the implantation is complete, visual recognition is used to determine the exact region that was implanted. This information can then be used by subsequent process steps to crate a suitable metallization layer and provide alignment information. These techniques can also be used in other ion implanter applications. In another aspect, a dot pattern selective emitter is created and imaging is used to determine the appropriate metallization layer.10-06-2011
20090311825METALLIZATION METHOD FOR SOLAR CELLS - A method for the production of a contact structure of a solar cell allows p-contacts and n-contacts to be produced simultaneously.12-17-2009
20100055828PROCESS AND PASTE FOR CONTACTING METAL SURFACES - For production of an electrically conductive or thermally conductive connection for contacting two elements, an elemental metal, in particular silver, is formed from a metal compound, in particular a silver compound, between the contact surfaces. In this production, the processing temperature for the use of a silver solder can be decreased below 240° C. and the processing pressure can be reduced to normal pressure. A contacting paste for this purpose contains a metal compound, in particular a silver compound, which decomposes below 400° C. while forming elemental silver. As a result, a metal is generated in situ from a chemical compound for producing a contact, which is usable above the temperature necessary for its production.03-04-2010
20110097841Rear electrode structure for use in photovoltaic device such as CIGS/CIS photovoltaic device and method of making same - A photovoltaic device including a rear electrode which may also function as a rear reflector. In certain example embodiments of this invention, the rear electrode includes a metallic based reflective film that is oxidation graded, so as to be more oxided closer to a rear substrate (e.g., glass substrate) supporting the electrode than at a location further from the rear substrate. In other words, the rear electrode is oxidation graded so as to be less oxided closer to a semiconductor absorber of the photovoltaic device than at a location further from the semiconductor absorber in certain example embodiments. In certain example embodiments, the interior surface of the rear substrate may optionally be textured so that the rear electrode deposited thereon is also textured so as to provide desirable electrical and reflective characteristics. In certain example embodiments, the rear electrode may be of or include Mo and/or MoO04-28-2011
20110177651METHOD FOR PRODUCING A METAL STRUCTURE ON A SURFACE OF A SEMICONDUCTOR SUBSTRATE - A method for producing a metal structure on a surface of a semiconductor substrate, including the following steps: A applying a metal layer, B applying a structuring layer and C removing the structuring layer. Either step B is carried out after step A, and step C after step B in a masking method, so that the structuring layer covers the metal layer at least partially and, after step B is carried out, the metal layer is removed from the regions not covered by the structuring layer, before step C is carried out or, in a lift-off method, step A is carried out after step B, and step C after step A, so that the structuring layer is covered essentially by the metal layer and, at least in the regions, in which the metal layer covers the structuring layer, the metal layer is detached when step C is carried out. It is essential that the structuring layer in step B is produced by a hot melt ink.07-21-2011
20120202317BIFACIAL SOLAR CELL USING ION IMPLANTATION - An improved bifacial solar cell is disclosed. In some embodiments, the front side includes an n-type field surface field, while the back side includes a p-type emitter. In other embodiments, the p-type emitter is on the front side. To maximize the diffusion of majority carriers and lower the series resistance between the contact and the substrate, the regions beneath the metal contacts are more heavily doped. Thus, regions of higher dopant concentration are created in at least one of the FSF or the emitter. These regions are created through the use of selective implants, which can be performed on one or two sides of the bifacial solar cell to improve efficiency.08-09-2012
20100297807CMOS IMAGER HAVING A NITRIDE DIELECTRIC - An imaging device formed as a CMOS semiconductor integrated circuit includes a nitrogen containing insulating material beneath a photogate. The nitrogen containing insulating material, preferably be one of a silicon nitride layer, an ONO layer, a nitrode/oxide layer and an oxide/nitrode layer. The nitrogen containing insulating layer provides an increased capacitance in the photogate region, higher breakdown voltage, a wider dynamic range and an improved signal to noise ratio. The invention also provides a method for fabricating a CMOS imager containing the nitrogen containing insulating layer.11-25-2010
20100120195METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING IMAGE SENSOR - In a method for forming an image sensor, an interlayer dielectric may be formed over a semiconductor substrate. The interlayer dielectric may include an interconnection. A via hole may be formed through the interlayer dielectric by performing an etching process on the semiconductor substrate. The via hole exposes the interconnection. A first cleaning process and a second cleaning process may be performed on the semiconductor substrate including the via hole. The contact plug may be formed by filing a metal material in the via hole. The image sensing unit, with a first doping layer and a second doping layer stacked therein may be formed over the interlayer dielectric including the interconnection and the contact plug. Here, the first and second cleaning processes include removing residues formed over a sidewall of the via hole through the etching process.05-13-2010
20100279458PROCESS FOR MAKING PARTIALLY TRANSPARENT PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A process for making a partially transparent photovoltaic cell or a partially transparent photovoltaic module comprising series-connected or parallel-connected photovoltaic cells comprises the step of forming a patterned back electrode(s) by screen printing, jet printing, roll-to-roll processing or depositing through a shadow mask with openings. The pattern of the back electrode is determined at the same time when the back electrode is disposed, such that the complexity and cost of the process can be reduced.11-04-2010
20110151614PROCESS FOR PRODUCING ELECTRODES FOR SOLAR CELLS - The invention relates to a process for producing electrodes for solar cells, the electrode being configured as an electrically conductive layer on a substrate (06-23-2011
20090317940PASTE FOR SOLAR CELL ELECTRODE AND SOLAR CELL - In a paste for a solar cell light-receiving surface electrode including silver particles, glass frit, resin binder, and thinner, silver particles with a specific surface of 0.20-0.60 m12-24-2009
20090170235Method for Manufacturing Image Sensor - A method for manufacturing an image sensor includes forming a photolithography key in a scribe lane of a first substrate over which circuitry is formed in an active region. A photodiode is formed on an active region of a second substrate. The second substrate is bonded to the first substrate such that the photodiode is electrically connected to the circuitry. The photolithography key in the scribe lane of the first substrate is opened. A pattern is formed on the active region of the bonded second substrate using the opened photolithography key on/over the first substrate.07-02-2009
20110177652BIFACIAL SOLAR CELL USING ION IMPLANTATION - An improved bifacial solar cell is disclosed. In some embodiments, the front side includes an n-type field surface field, while the back side includes a p-type emitter. In other embodiments, the p-type emitter is on the front side. To maximize the diffusion of majority carriers and lower the series resistance between the contact and the substrate, the regions beneath the metal contacts are more heavily doped. Thus, regions of higher dopant concentration are created in at least one of the FSF or the emitter. These regions are created through the use of selective implants, which can be performed on one or two sides of the bifacial solar cell to improve efficiency.07-21-2011
20120122272HIGH-THROUGHPUT FLAT TOP LASER BEAM PROCESSING FOR BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELLS - Flat top beam laser processing schemes are disclosed for producing various types of hetero-junction and homo-junction solar cells. The methods include base and emitter contact opening, back surface field formation, selective doping, and metal ablation. Also, laser processing schemes are disclosed that are suitable for selective amorphous silicon ablation and selective doping for hetero-junction solar cells. These laser processing techniques may be applied to semiconductor substrates, including crystalline silicon substrates, and further including crystalline silicon substrates which are manufactured either through wire saw wafering methods or via epitaxial deposition processes, that are either planar or textured/three-dimensional. These techniques are highly suited to thin crystalline semiconductor, including thin crystalline silicon films.05-17-2012
20120122270ETCHING METHOD FOR USE WITH THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL - The present invention relates to a chemical etching method to electrically isolate the edge from the interior of a thin-film photovoltaic panel comprising a substrate and a photovoltaic laminate. The method comprises a step to dispense an etching paste comprising two or more acids on the laminate periphery; an optional step to apply heat to the laminate; and a step to remove the etching paste. The method is further characterized by the chemical removal of at least two chemically distinctive layers of the laminate at the periphery where the etching paste is applied. The method may be used to produce a thin-film photovoltaic panel.05-17-2012
20110020980THERMAL PRE-TREATMENT PROCESS FOR SODA LIME GLASS SUBSTRATE FOR THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MATERIALS - A method for fabricating a thin film solar cell includes providing a soda lime glass substrate comprising a surface region, treating the surface region with one or more cleaning process including an aqueous solution to remove one or more contaminants and/or particulates, and forming a lower electrode layer overlying the surface region. The method also includes performing a thermal treatment process to remove any residual water species to substantially less than a monolayer of water species from the lower electrode layer and soda lime glass substrate. The thermal treatment process changes a temperature of the soda lime glass substrate from a first temperature to a second temperature to pre-heat the soda lime glass substrate. Additionally, the method includes transferring the soda lime glass substrate, which has been preheated, to a deposition chamber and forming a layer of photovoltaic material overlying the lower electrode layer within the deposition chamber.01-27-2011
20110053312METHOD FOR THE CONTACT SEPARATION OF ELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTING LAYERS ON THE BACK CONTACTS OF SOLAR CELLS AND CORRESPONDING SOLAR CELL - A method for fabricating a solar cell comprising a semiconductor substrate is proposed where electrical contacting is made on the back side of the semiconductor substrate. The back side of the semiconductor substrate has locally doped regions. The adjacent regions exhibit different doping from the region. The two regions are initially coated with electrically conductive material over the entire area. So that the conductive material does not short-circuit the solar cell, the two regions are covered with a thin electrically insulating layer at least at the region boundaries.03-03-2011
20120122271ETCHING METHOD TO INCREASE LIGHT TRANSMISSION IN THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS - The present invention relates to a chemical etching method for removing portions of material from the photovoltaic laminate of a thin-film photovoltaic panel. The method involves disposing a pre-determined pattern of an etching paste onto the back electrode of the photovoltaic laminate, and then removing the etching paste after a sufficient dwell time.05-17-2012
20110136295METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP-DEVICE - A method for manufacturing a solid-state image device which includes the steps of: forming a silicon epitaxial growth layer on a silicon substrate; forming photoelectric conversion portions, transfer gates, and a peripheral circuit portion in and/or on the silicon epitaxial growth layer and further forming a wiring layer on the silicon epitaxial growth layer; forming a split layer in the silicon substrate at a side of the silicon epitaxial growth layer; forming a support substrate on the wiring layer; peeling the silicon substrate from the split layer so as to leave a silicon layer formed of a part of the silicon substrate at a side of the support substrate; and planarizing the surface of the silicon layer.06-09-2011
20110076796INTERMETAL STACK FOR USE IN A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A donor silicon wafer may be bonded to a substrate and a lamina cleaved from the donor wafer. A photovoltaic cell may be formed from the lamina bonded to the substrate. An intermetal stack is described that is optimized for use in such a cell. The intermetal stack may include a transparent conductive oxide layer serving as a quarter-wave plate, a low resistance layer, an adhesion layer to help adhesion to the receiver element, and may also include a barrier layer to prevent or impede unwanted diffusion within the stack.03-31-2011
20090176330Photodiode Having Increased Proportion of Light-Sensitive Area to Light-Insensitive Area - A photodiode having an increased proportion of light-sensitive area to light-insensitive area includes a semiconductor having a backside surface and a light-sensitive frontside surface. The semiconductor includes a first active layer having a first conductivity, a second active layer having a second conductivity opposite the first conductivity, and an intrinsic layer separating the first and second active layers. A plurality of isolation trenches are arranged to divide the photodiode into a plurality of cells. Each cell has a total frontside area including a cell active frontside area sensitive to light and a cell inactive frontside area not sensitive to light. The cell active frontside area forms at least 95 percent of the cell total frontside area. A method of forming the photodiode is also disclosed.07-09-2009
20110189817MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SOLAR CELL - A manufacturing method for a solar cell including an upper electrode extracting an electrode at an incident light side, the upper electrode including a transparent conductive film, a basic structural element of the transparent conductive film being any one of an indium (In), a zinc (Zn), and tin (Sn), the manufacturing method including: a step A forming a texture on a front surface of a transparent substrate using a wet etching method, the transparent conductive film being formed on the transparent substrate, wherein in the step A, when the texture is formed, a metal thin film is formed on the transparent substrate, and an anisotropic etching is performed with the metal thin film being a mask.08-04-2011
20100029039MONO-SILICON SOLAR CELLS - A method for producing a backside contact of a single p-n junction photovoltaic solar cell is provided. The method includes the steps of: providing a p-type substrate having a back surface; providing a plurality of p+ diffusion regions at the back surface of the substrate; providing a plurality of n+ diffusion regions at the back surface of the substrate in an alternate pattern with the p+ diffusion regions; providing an oxide layer over the p+ and n+ regions; providing an insulating layer over the back surface of the substrate; providing at least one first metal contact at the back surface for the p+ diffusion regions; and providing at least one second metal contact at the back surface for the n+ diffusion regions.02-04-2010
20120231576Aerosol Jet (R) Printing System for Photovoltaic Applications - Method and apparatus for depositing multiple lines on an object, specifically contact and busbar metallization lines on a solar cell. The contact lines are preferably less than 100 microns wide, and all contact lines are preferably deposited in a single pass of the deposition head. There can be multiple rows of nozzles on the deposition head. Multiple materials can be deposited, on top of one another, forming layered structures on the object. Each layer can be less than five microns thick. Alignment of such layers is preferably accomplished without having to deposit oversized alignment features. Multiple atomizers can be used to deposit the multiple materials. The busbar apparatus preferably has multiple nozzles, each of which is sufficiently wide to deposit a busbar in a single pass.09-13-2012
20090081823ELECTROFORMED STENCILS FOR SOLAR CELL FRONT SIDE METALLIZATION - A method for providing metallization upon a semiconductor substrate utilizing a stencil having at least one aperture extending from the contact side to the fill side, the contact side of the stencil being substantially flat and forming a sharp edge with a wall of the at least one aperture, the at least one aperture being tapered such that an area of a cross-section of the at least one aperture at the fill side is larger than an area of the cross-section of the at least one aperture at the contact side. A method of forming a stencil for depositing metallization lines on a semiconductor substrate is also disclosed.03-26-2009
20090286349SOLAR CELL SPIN-ON BASED PROCESS FOR SIMULTANEOUS DIFFUSION AND PASSIVATION - A thin silicon solar cell having a high quality spin-on dielectric layer is described. Specifically, the solar cell may be fabricated from a crystalline silicon wafer having a thickness from 50 to 500 micrometers. A first dielectric layer is applied to the rear surface of the silicon wafer using a spin-on process. A high temperature furnace operation provides simultaneous emitter diffusion and front and rear surface passivation. During this high temperature operation, the front emitter is formed, the rear spin-on dielectric layer is cured, and the front dielectric layer is thermally grown. Barrier layers are formed on the dielectric layers. Openings are made in the barrier layers. Contacts are formed in the openings and on the back surface barrier layer.11-19-2009
20110081745Method of Manufacturing Selective Emitter Solar Cell - The present disclosure uses ammonia plasma for nitrification and for further forming a barrier pattern on a substrate. Then, a selective emitter is fabricated by forming light doping and heavy doping at one time through diffusion into the substrate. Therein, a plurality of trenches for obtaining a front contact is formed at the same time on forming the barrier pattern. Thus, the fabrication process is simplified and the cost is reduced for fabricating a selective emitter solar cell.04-07-2011
20120040494PROCESS FOR PRODUCING PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A process for producing a photovoltaic device having high photovoltaic conversion efficiency by suppressing light absorption in the visible light short wavelength region. The process for producing a photovoltaic device (02-16-2012
20100178726Conductive Paste, Solar Cell Manufactured Using Conductive Paste, Screen Printing Method and Solar Cell Formed Using Screen Printing Method - The conductive paste contains a conductive metal powder and an organic vehicle. The conductive paste has characteristics that the viscosity falls within the range of 200 Pa·s to 350 Pa·s when the shear rate of 10 s07-15-2010
20110318872SILICON SOLAR CELL - A silicon solar cell includes a first silicon layer with an emitter layer which has a thickness in a range of 50 nanometers to few hundreds nanometers. The emitter layer has at least one region which is porosified by chemical or electrochemical etching, wherein at least one part of the porosified region is embodied as metal silicide layer. A second silicon layer is disposed underneath the emitter layer, with the metal silicide extending from a top side of the emitter layer in a direction to the second silicon layer. At least one metal layer is applied on the metal silicide layer.12-29-2011
20110318871PROCESS FOR PRODUCING PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - There are provided a thermal barrier coating material and a thermal barrier coating member that can suppress spalling when used at a high temperature and have a high thermal barrier effect, a method for producing the same, a turbine member coated with a thermal barrier coating, and a gas turbine. The thermal barrier coating member comprises a heat resistant substrate, a bond coat layer formed thereon, and a ceramic layer formed further thereon, wherein the ceramic layer comprises an oxide which consists of an oxide represented by the general formula A12-29-2011
20110318873METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - A method of manufacturing a photoelectric conversion device having a semiconductor substrate, comprises a first step of forming an insulating film on the semiconductor substrate, a second step of forming first holes in the insulating film, a third step of forming, in the insulating film, second holes shallower than the first holes, a fourth step of forming electrically conductive portions by embedding an electrically conductive material in the first holes, and forming planarization assisting portions by embedding the electrically conductive material in the second holes, and a fifth step of polishing the electrically conductive portions, the insulating film, and the planarization assisting portions until the planarization assisting portions are removed, thereby planarizing upper surfaces of the electrically conductive portions and the insulating film.12-29-2011
20110318870LIQUID ADDITIVE FOR ETCHING SILICON NITRIDE AND SILICON OXIDE LAYERS, METAL INK CONTAINING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SILICON SOLAR CELL ELECTRODES - The present invention relates to a liquid additive for etching silicon nitride and silicon oxide layers, a metal ink including the same for forming silicon solar cell electrodes and a method for manufacturing silicon solar cell electrodes. More particularly, it relates to a liquid additive including metal nitrate, metal acetate, or hydrates thereof and a metal ink for forming silicon solar cell electrodes, mixed with the liquid additive and a metal. Further, it relates to a method for manufacturing silicon solar cell electrodes comprising a one-step non-contact printing for etching of a silicon nitride layer or silicon oxide layer and forming electrodes.12-29-2011
20120171810Paste Composition For Electrode of Solar Cell and Solar Cell Including the Same - A paste composition for an electrode of a solar cell according to the present invention comprises a conductive powder, an organic vehicle, and a glass frit, and the glass frit includes a first glass frit having a first glass transition temperature and a second glass frit having a second glass frit temperature lower than the first glass transition temperature.07-05-2012
20120003788High Throughput Solar Cell Ablation System - A solar cell is formed using a solar cell ablation system. The ablation system includes a single laser source and several laser scanners. The laser scanners include a master laser scanner, with the rest of the laser scanners being slaved to the master laser scanner. A laser beam from the laser source is split into several laser beams, with the laser beams being scanned onto corresponding wafers using the laser scanners in accordance with one or more patterns. The laser beams may be scanned on the wafers using the same or different power levels of the laser source.01-05-2012
20120208317Intermetal Stack for Use in a Photovoltaic Cell - A donor silicon wafer may be bonded to a substrate and a lamina cleaved from the donor wafer. A photovoltaic cell may be formed from the lamina bonded to the substrate. An intermetal stack is described that is optimized for use in such a cell. The intermetal stack may include a transparent conductive oxide layer serving as a quarter-wave plate, a low resistance layer, an adhesion layer to help adhesion to the receiver element, and may also include a barrier layer to prevent or impede unwanted diffusion within the stack.08-16-2012
20120009730METHOD OF INLINE MANUFACTURING A SOLAR CELL PANEL - Throughput of manufacturing thin-film solar panels by inline technique is made substantially independent from the time extent of different surface treatment steps by accordingly subdividing treatment steps in sub-steps performed in inline subsequent treatment stations. Treatment duration in each of the subsequent treatment stations is equal (τ).01-12-2012
20110165727METHOD OF FABRICATING PHOTO SENSOR - A method of fabricating a photo sensor includes the following steps. First, a substrate is provided, having a conductive layer, a buffer dielectric layer, a patterned semiconductor layer, a dielectric layer, and a planarization layer disposed thereon from bottom to top, wherein the patterned semiconductor layer comprises a first doped region, an intrinsic region, and a second doped region disposed in order. Then, the planarization layer is patterned to form an opening in the planarization layer to expose a portion of the dielectric layer, wherein the opening is positioned on the intrinsic region and portions of the first and the second doped regions. Thereafter, at least a patterned transparent conductive layer is formed in the opening, covering the boundary of the intrinsic region and the first doped region and the boundary of the intrinsic region and the second doped region.07-07-2011
20130183796METHODS OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL DEVICES - Embodiments of the present invention are directed to a process for making solar cells. Particularly, embodiments of the invention provide simultaneously co-firing (e.g., thermally processing) metal layers disposed both on a first and a second surface of a solar cell substrate to complete the metallization process in one step. By doing so, both the metal layers formed on the first and the second surfaces of the solar cell substrate are co-fired (e.g., simultaneously thermally processed), thereby eliminating manufacturing complexity, cycle time and cost to produce the solar cell device. Embodiments of the invention may also provide a method and solar cell structure that requires a reduced amount of a metallization paste on a rear surface of the substrate to form a rear surface contact structure and, thus, reduce the cost of the formed solar cell device.07-18-2013
20120064662CONTINUOUSLY OPTIMIZED SOLAR CELL METALLIZATION DESIGN THROUGH FEED-FORWARD PROCESS - An improved, lower cost method of processing substrates, such as to create solar cells, is disclosed. The doped regions are created on the substrate, using a mask or without the use of lithography or masks. After the implantation is complete, visual recognition is used to determine the exact region that was implanted. This information can then be used by subsequent process steps to crate a suitable metallization layer and provide alignment information. These techniques can also be used in other ion implanter applications. In another aspect, a dot pattern selective emitter is created and imaging is used to determine the appropriate metallization layer.03-15-2012
20120064661CONTINUOUSLY OPTIMIZED SOLAR CELL METALLIZATION DESIGN THROUGH FEED-FORWARD PROCESS - An improved, lower cost method of processing substrates, such as to create solar cells, is disclosed. The doped regions are created on the substrate, using a mask or without the use of lithography or masks. After the implantation is complete, visual recognition is used to determine the exact region that was implanted. This information can then be used by subsequent process steps to crate a suitable metallization layer and provide alignment information. These techniques can also be used in other ion implanter applications. In another aspect, a dot pattern selective emitter is created, and imaging is used to determine the appropriate metallization layer.03-15-2012
20120064660Apparatus and Method for Manufacturing of Thin Film Type Solar Cell - Disclosed is an apparatus and method for manufacturing a thin film type solar cell, which enables the enhancement of productivity, the apparatus for manufacturing a thin film type solar cell including a first electrode forming unit; a first separation part; an optoelectric conversion layer forming unit; a contact line forming unit; a printing unit; and an etching process unit, wherein the etching process unit removes the optoelectric conversion layer in a second separation part to expose the first electrode in the second separation part through a wet etching process.03-15-2012
20120070938Method of Fabricating Silicon Nanowire Solar Cell Device Having Upgraded Metallurgical Grade Silicon Substrate - A simplified method for fabricating a solar cell device is provided. The solar cell device has silicon nanowires (SiNW) grown on an upgraded metallurgical grade (UMG) silicon (Si) substrate. Processes of textured surface process and anti-reflection thin film process can be left out for further saving costs on equipment and manufacture investment. Thus, a low-cost Si-based solar cell device can be easily fabricated for wide application.03-22-2012
20120156828METHODS FOR FORMING A TRANSPARENT OXIDE LAYER FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A method of manufacturing a transparent oxide layer is provided. The manufacturing method includes disposing a cadmium tin oxide layer on a support, placing the support with the cadmium tin oxide layer within a chamber of a rapid thermal annealing system, and rapidly thermally annealing the cadmium tin oxide layer by exposing the cadmium tin oxide layer to electromagnetic radiation to form the transparent oxide layer, wherein the rapid thermal anneal is performed without first pumping down the chamber.06-21-2012
20110092014SOLAR CELL INTERCONNECTION - Methods and devices for solar cell interconnection are provided. In one embodiment, the method includes physically alloying the ink metal to the underlying foil (hence excellent adhesion and conductivity with no pre-treatment), and by fusing the solid particles in the ink on the surface (eliminating any organic components) so that the surface is ideally suited for good conductivity and adhesion to an overlayer of finger ink, which is expected to be another adhesive. In some embodiments, contact resistance of conductive adhesives are known to be much lower on gold or silver than on any other metals.04-21-2011
20110065229Method of manufacturing back-surface electrode type solar cell - There is provided a method of manufacturing a back-surface electrode type solar cell. The method may include: forming a conductive metal thin film on a crystalline silicon wafer; forming plate-resistant partition walls on a top surface of the conductive metal thin film; forming a metal layer in a space between the plate-resistant partition walls and then removing the plate-resistant partition walls; and removing the conductive metal thin film that is exposed by removing the plate-resistant partition walls so as to expose the crystalline silicon wafer.03-17-2011
20110065231PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A CONTACT AREA OF AN ELECTRONIC COMPONENT - A process for forming at least one local contact area of a substrate of an electrical component for contacting the contact area with a connector, in which the substrate, on the contact side, is provided with a sintered porous metal layer. To make available a mechanically durable, electrically faultless solderable contact area, it is proposed that the porous layer be compacted and/or removed in the contact area to be formed.03-17-2011
20110065230METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL - A method for manufacturing a solar cell including a substrate, a first electrode layer, a semiconductor layer, and a second electrode layer, includes forming a first sacrificial layer on a portion of a surface of the substrate; forming the first electrode layer on the substrate and on the first sacrificial layer; and dividing the first electrode layer by removing the first sacrificial layer and a portion of the first electrode layer formed on the first sacrificial layer.03-17-2011
20110104850SOLAR CELL CONTACT FORMATION PROCESS USING A PATTERNED ETCHANT MATERIAL - Embodiments of the invention contemplate the formation of a high efficiency solar cell using novel methods to form the active region(s) and the metal contact structure of a solar cell device. In one embodiment, the methods include the use of various etching and patterning processes that are used to define point contacts through a blanket dielectric layer covering a surface of a solar cell substrate. The method generally includes depositing an etchant material that enables formation of a desired pattern in a dielectric layer through which electrical contacts to the solar cell device can be formed.05-05-2011
20100093128METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING IMAGE SENSOR - In a method for manufacturing an image sensor, readout circuitry is formed in a first substrate. A first interlayer dielectric is formed over the first substrate. An interconnection is formed at the first interlayer dielectric, and the interconnection is electrically connected to the readout circuitry. A second interlayer dielectric is formed over the interconnection. A via hole exposing an upper side of the interconnection is formed by etching a portion of the second interlayer dielectric using a photoresist pattern as an etch mask. A contact plug is formed in the via hole, while leaving the photoresist pattern. The photoresist pattern is then removed. An image sensing device is formed over the contact plug.04-15-2010
20120122273DIRECT CURRENT ION IMPLANTATION FOR SOLID PHASE EPITAXIAL REGROWTH IN SOLAR CELL FABRICATION - An apparatus and methods for ion implantation of solar cells. The disclosure provide enhanced throughput and recued or elimination of defects after SPER anneal step. The substrate is continually implanted using continuous high dose-rate implantation, leading to efficient defect accumulation, i.e., amorphization, while suppressing dynamic self-annealing.05-17-2012
20120129295METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - Disclosed herein is a photoelectric conversion device having a semiconductor substrate including a front side and back side, a protective layer formed on the front side of the semiconductor substrate, a first non-single crystalline semiconductor layer formed on the back side of the semiconductor substrate, a first conductive layer including a first impurity formed on a first portion of a back side of the first non-single crystalline semiconductor layer, and a second conductive layer including the first impurity and a second impurity formed on a second portion of the back side of the first non-single crystalline semiconductor layer.05-24-2012
20120315723METHOD FOR FABRICATING DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - A method for fabricating a dye-sensitized solar cell is provided. The dye-sensitized solar cell includes a photo electrode including (a) mixing a TiO12-13-2012
20120220069METHOD OF PRODUCING CONDUCTIVE THIN FILM - An embodiment of this invention provides a method to produce a conductive thin film, which comprises: providing a substrate; forming a first metal oxide layer on the substrate; forming an indium-free metal layer on the first metal oxide layer; and forming a second metal oxide layer on the indium-free layer, wherein the first metal oxide layer, the indium-free metal layer, and the second oxide layer are all solution processed.08-30-2012
20100190290SOLAR CELL PATTERNING AND METALLIZATION - Embodiments of the present invention generally provide methods for forming conductive structures on the surfaces of a solar cell. In one embodiment, conductive structures are formed on the front surface of a solar cell by depositing a sacrificial polymer layer, forming patterned lines in the sacrificial polymer via a fluid jet, depositing metal layers over the front surface of the solar cell, and performing lift off of the metal layers deposited over the sacrificial polymer by dissolving the sacrificial polymer with a water based solvent. In another embodiment, conductive structures are formed on the back surface of a solar cell by depositing a sacrificial polymer layer, forming patterned lines in the sacrificial polymer via a fluid jet, depositing a metal layer over the back surface of the solar cell, and performing lift off of the metal layer deposited over the sacrificial polymer by dissolving the sacrificial polymer with a water based solvent, and completing selective metallization of the remaining metal lines.07-29-2010
20120220073METHODS OF MANUFACTURING A SOLAR CELL - Provided are methods of fabricating a solar cell and a vacuum deposition apparatus used therefor. The method may include forming a lower electrode on a substrate, forming a light absorption layer on the lower electrode, forming a buffer layer on the light absorption layer, and forming a window electrode layer on the buffer layer. The forming of the buffer layer may include a deposition step of forming a cationic metal material and a diffusion step of diffusing an anionic non-metal material into the cationic metal material.08-30-2012
20120077307ETCHING PASTE HAVING A DOPING FUNCTION AND METHOD OF FORMING A SELECTIVE EMITTER OF A SOLAR CELL USING THE SAME - An etching paste having a doping function for etching a thin film on a silicon wafer and a method of forming a selective emitter of a solar cell, the etching paste including an n-type or p-type dopant; a binder; and a solvent.03-29-2012
20120220074METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCTION OF DSSC - An apparatus and method for producing a dye-sensitized cell are provided, in which a pre-transparent electrode and an opposite electrode are partially bonded, dye molecules are applied to the bonded electrodes followed by washing, an electrolyte is injected, and then the electrodes are hermetically sealed. With the apparatus and method, the manufacturing cost can be reduced and the manufacturing process can be simplified.08-30-2012
20120220072COPPER NANO PASTE, METHOD FOR FORMING THE COPPER NANO PASTE, AND METHOD FOR FORMING ELECTRODE USING THE COPPER NANO PASTE - Provided is a copper nano paste that can be calcined at a relatively low temperature. The copper nano paste includes: a binder added in an amount of 0.1 to 30 parts by weight; an additive added in an amount of not more than 10 parts by weight; and copper particles added in an amount of 1 to 95 parts by weight, wherein the copper particles have a particle size of 150 nm or less, and the surfaces of the copper particles are coated with a capping material.08-30-2012
20120220071SCREEN MASK AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF A SOLAR CELL USING THE SCREEN MASK - A screen mask has a mesh, a frame, and at least one emulsion pattern. The mesh includes a squeeze surface pressed by a squeegee, and a discharge surface discharging a paste. The frame fixes an edge of the mesh. The emulsion pattern is placed on the discharge surface and includes a main pattern, and an auxiliary pattern spaced apart from the main pattern.08-30-2012
20100273289METHOD OF FABRICATING A BACKSIDE ILLUMINATED IMAGE SENSOR - A method of forming a backside illuminated image sensor using an SOI substrate including a handle substrate, an insulator formed on the handle substrate, and a semiconductor layer formed on the insulator. A sensor element is formed on the semiconductor layer, a dielectric layer is formed overlying the semiconductor layer and the sensor element; and an interconnection structure is formed in the dielectric layer to electrically connect the sensor element. A carrier substrate is forming the dielectric layer. After flipping, the handle substrate is removed to expose the insulator layer.10-28-2010
20120178207Vanadium, Cobalt And Strontium Additives For Use In Aluminum Back Solar Cell Contacts - Al pastes with additives of Co, Sr, V, compounds thereof and combinations thereof improve both the physical integrity of a back contact of a silicon solar cell as well as the electrical performance of a cell with such a contact.07-12-2012
20090093081Process of phosphorus diffusion for manufacturing solar cell - This invention discloses a process of phosphorus diffusion for manufacturing solar cell, comprising annealing a mono-crystalline silicon wafer in a nitrogen atmosphere at 900-950° C. for twenty to thirty minutes, carrying oxidation treatment in a hydrogen chloride atmosphere at 850-1050° C. to form a 10 to 30 nm thick oxide layer on the surface of said silicon wafer, diffusing from a phosphorus source at 850-900° C., until a block resistance of a material surface is controlled at 40 to 50 ohms, and the junction depth is at 0.2 to 1.0 microns, and annealing in a nitrogen atmosphere at 700-750° C. for thirty to sixty minutes to complete the phosphorus diffusion of said mono-crystalline silicon wafer. This invention allows the use of 4 N˜5 N mono-crystalline silicon as the material for manufacturing solar cells, so, the low purity material such as metallurgical silicon can be used, which greatly reduces the cost of materials.04-09-2009
20120220070METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL - A method of manufacturing a solar cell includes the following steps. An ion implantation process is performed to a first surface of a substrate to form a first doping layer. Then, the ion implantation process is performed to a second surface of the substrate to form a second doping layer. After that, an annealing process is performed to the structure formed by the substrate, the first doping layer and the second doping layer, and forming a first passivation layer on the first doping layer and a second passivation layer on the second doping layer by the annealing process. A third passivation layer is formed on the first passivation layer formed after the annealing process and a fourth passivation layer is formed on the second passivation layer formed after the annealing process. Afterward, conductive electrodes are formed on the third passivation layer and the fourth passivation layer, respectively.08-30-2012
20120258568SOLAR CELL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A method for manufacturing a solar cell including a photovoltaic layer, a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer, an insulating layer and a light-transparent conductive layer is provided. The photovoltaic layer has a first surface and a second surface. The first electrode layer having at least one gap is disposed on the first surface, wherein the at least one gap exposes a portion of the photovoltaic layer. The second electrode layer is disposed on the second surface. The insulating layer having a plurality of pores is located on the photovoltaic layer exposed by the at least one gap, wherein the holes expose a portion of the photovoltaic layer. The light-transparent conductive layer covers the insulating layer and is connected with the first electrode layer. The transparent electrode is connected with the photovoltaic layer through at least a part of the pores.10-11-2012
20110124151PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - It is the gist of the present invention to provide a photovoltaic device in which a single crystal semiconductor layer provided over a substrate having an insulating surface or an insulating substrate is used as a photoelectric conversion layer, and the single crystal semiconductor layer is provided with a so-called SOI structure where the single crystal semiconductor layer is bonded to the substrate with an insulating layer interposed therebetween. As the single crystal semiconductor layer having a function as a photoelectric conversion layer, a single crystal semiconductor layer obtained by separation and transfer of an outer layer portion of a single crystal semiconductor substrate is used.05-26-2011
20080299700METHOD FOR FABRICATING PHOTODIODE - A method of fabricating photodiode includes: a substrate comprising a well is provided, next, a first doping region is formed in the well, following that a conductive layer is formed on the surface of the first doping region by an epitaxial growth process, meanwhile, the conductive layer is in-situ doped to form a second doping region in the conductive layer. The method for fabricating the photodiode in the present invention can prevent the lattice structure from being damaged during the high dozes implantation process. Therefore, the dark current can be reduced and the sensitivity of the photodiode will be increased.12-04-2008
20100203671SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME - A solid-state imaging device includes a semiconductor substrate, one or more wiring interlayer films disposed on or above the semiconductor substrate, and one or more metal wires embedded in the wiring interlayer films. The one or more wiring interlayer films are composed of a diffusion preventing material that prevents the diffusion of the metal wire.08-12-2010
20100203670SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FABRICATION METHOD - A method of fabricating a semiconductor device, comprises steps of forming a common contact hole for a first conductivity-type region and a second conductivity-type region, implanting an impurity in at least one of the first conductivity-type region and the second conductivity-type region, and forming a shared contact plug by filling an electrical conducting material in the contact hole, wherein in the implanting step, an impurity is implanted in at least one of the first conductivity-type region and the second conductivity-type region such that the first conductivity-type region and the shared contact plug are brought into ohmic contact with each other, and the second conductivity-type region and the shared contact plug are brought into ohmic contact with each other.08-12-2010
20110045632Methods of Manufacturing Solid State Image Pickup Devices - A method of manufacturing a solid state image pickup device having a plurality of pixels each including a photoelectric conversion region for converting light into a signal charge, and a plurality of wiring layers including first and second wiring layers. The method includes steps of forming the first wiring layer as a pattern by dividing a desired pattern into a plurality of patterns, connecting the divided patterns, and exposing the plurality of patterns, and forming the second wiring layer as a pattern by batch exposure processing. A connecting position along which the divided patterns are connected is arranged in a pixel area in which the plurality of pixels are arranged. The wiring included in the first wiring layer is formed by a vertical direction wiring arranged in parallel with and not crossing the connecting position in the pixel area, and the wiring included in the second wiring layer is formed by a horizontal direction wiring arranged in parallel with and crossing the connecting position in the pixel area.02-24-2011
20110045631METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODES OF SOLAR CELL AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEPOSITING APPARATUS - A method for manufacturing electrodes of solar cell and electrochemical depositing apparatus are disclosed. The method for manufacturing electrodes of solar cell is a method using the process of electrochemical depositing metal or metal alloy to form electrodes of solar cell. The method of the present invention can improve photoelectric conversion efficiency and reduce the production cost. The reaction time of the method is short and industrial waste liquid is treated easily.02-24-2011
20120270366Layered Contact Structure For Solar Cells - Formulations and methods of making semiconductor devices and solar cell contacts are disclosed. The invention provides a method of making a semiconductor device or solar cell contact including ink jet printing onto a silicon wafer an ink composition, typically including a high solids loading (20-80 wt %) of glass frit and preferably a conductive metal such as silver. The wafer is then fired such that the glass frit fuses to form a glass, thereby forming a contact layer to silicon.10-25-2012
20120270365METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL - A method for manufacturing a solar cell according to an exemplary embodiment includes: forming a first doping film on a substrate; patterning the first doping film so as to form a first doping film pattern and so as to expose a portion of the substrate; forming a diffusion prevention film on the first doping film pattern so as to cover the exposed portion of the substrate; etching the diffusion prevention film so as to form spacers on lateral surfaces of the first doping film pattern; forming a second doping film on the first doping film pattern so as to cover the spacer and exposed substrate; forming a first doping region on the substrate surface by diffusing an impurity from the first doping film pattern into the substrate; and forming a second doping region on the substrate surface by diffusing an impurity from the second doping film pattern into the substrate.10-25-2012
20100233843Formation of stretchable photovoltaic devices and carriers - Formation of stretchable photovoltaic devices and carriers is described. In some examples, a formation method includes: forming a stretchable carrier including a stretchable part having a given length, the given length being operable to change in response to a force being applied to the stretchable carrier; depositing a photovoltaic cell over a surface of the stretchable carrier; and interconnecting the photovoltaic cell to output terminals.09-16-2010
20120322200NON-LITHOGRAPHIC METHOD OF PATTERNING CONTACTS FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A dielectric material layer is formed on a front surface of a photovoltaic device. A patterned PMMA-type-material-including layer is formed on the dielectric material layer, and the pattern is transferred into the top portion of the photovoltaic device to form trenches in which contact structures can be formed. In one embodiment, a blanket PMMA-type-material-including layer is deposited on the dielectric material layer, and is patterned by laser ablation that removes ablated portions of PMMA-type-material. The PMMA-type-material-including layer may also include a dye to enhance absorption of the laser beam. In another embodiment, a blanket PMMA-type-material-including layer may be deposited on the dielectric material layer and mechanically patterned to form channels therein. In yet another embodiment, a patterned PMMA-type-material-including layer is stamped on top of the dielectric material layer.12-20-2012
20120276686CONDUCTIVE CHANNEL OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - An electrically conductive ribbon, which is soldered on an electrically conductive busbar of a photovoltaic panel, includes a cooper core and a tin based solder. The tin based solder fully wraps an outer surface of the cooper core, and has a convex solder surface, which has a first curvature to be fitted with a second curvature of a concave solder surface of the electrically conductive busbar.11-01-2012
20120282731PHOTOPLATING OF METAL ELECTRODES FOR SOLAR CELLS - A method of photoplating a metal contact onto a surface of a cathode of a photovoltaic device is provided using light induced plating technique. The method comprises: a) immersing the photovoltaic device in a solution of metal ions, where the metal ions are a species which is to be plated onto the surface of the cathode of the photovoltaic device; and b) illuminating the photovoltaic device, using a light source of time varying intensity. This results in nett plating which is faster in a direction normal to the surface of the cathode than in a direction in a plane of the surface of the cathode.11-08-2012
20120329206SILICON-CONTAINING HETEROJUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAIC ELEMENT AND DEVICE - In one embodiment, a method of forming a photovoltaic device is provided which includes providing an absorption layer comprising a silicon-containing semiconductor layer of a first conductivity type and having a top surface and a bottom surface that opposes the top surface. A front contact is formed on the top surface of the absorption layer, and a back contact is formed on the bottom surface of the absorption layer. The forming of the front contact and the back contact can occur in any order. The back contact that is formed comprises at least one back contact semiconductor material layer of the first conductivity type and having a lower band-offset than that of hydrogenated amorphous silicon with crystalline Si and/or a higher activated doping of the first conductivity type than that of the doped hydrogenated amorphous silicon layer.12-27-2012
20120329205ELECTRODE FORMATION SYSTEM FOR SOLAR CELL AND ELECTRODE FORMATION METHOD FOR SOLAR CELL - An electrode formation method for a solar cell to form an electrode of a base member, includes a screen printing process and a baking process. The screen printing process includes: mounting a metal mask on a surface of the base member, wherein the metal mask includes a covering portion configured to cover a part of a surface of the base member, opening portions configured to allow parts of the base member to be exposed therefrom, and bridge portions disposed along a direction intersecting with a longitudinal direction of circuit patterns between the opening portions; and supplying a paste to an upper surface of the metal mask by a squeegee head of a cartridge type, while relatively sliding a squeegee on the upper surface of the metal mask such that the squeegee travels relatively to the metal mask. In the baking process, the paste is baked to form the electrode.12-27-2012
20120329207SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PACKAGE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THEREOF - A semiconductor device package includes a semiconductor device having connection pads formed thereon, with the connection pads being formed on first and second surfaces of the semiconductor device with edges of the semiconductor device extending therebetween. A first passivation layer is applied on the semiconductor device and a base dielectric laminate is affixed to the first surface of the semiconductor device that has a thickness greater than that of the first passivation layer. A second passivation layer having a thickness greater than that of the first passivation layer is applied over the first passivation layer and the semiconductor device to cover the second surface and the edges of the semiconductor device, and metal interconnects are coupled to the connection pads, with the metal interconnects extending through vias formed through the first and second passivation layers and the base dielectric laminate sheet to form a connection with the connection pads.12-27-2012
20120288992Germanium Photodetector - A method for forming a photodetector device includes forming an insulator layer on a substrate, forming a germanium (Ge) layer on the insulator layer and a portion of the substrate, forming a second insulator layer on the Ge layer, patterning the Ge layer, forming a capping insulator layer on the second insulator layer and a portion of the first insulator layer, heating the device to crystallize the Ge layer resulting in an single crystalline Ge layer, implanting n-type ions in the single crystalline Ge layer, heating the device to activate n-type ions in the single crystalline Ge layer, and forming electrodes electrically connected to the single crystalline n-type Ge layer.11-15-2012
20130011960Doped Graphene Films with Reduced Sheet Resistance - Techniques for increasing conductivity of graphene films by chemical doping are provided. In one aspect, a method for increasing conductivity of a graphene film includes the following steps. The graphene film is formed from one or more graphene sheets. The graphene sheets are exposed to a solution having a one-electron oxidant configured to dope the graphene sheets to increase a conductivity thereof, thereby increasing the overall conductivity of the film. The graphene film can be formed prior to the graphene sheets being exposed to the one-electron oxidant solution. Alternatively, the graphene sheets can be exposed to the one-electron oxidant solution prior to the graphene film being formed. A method of fabricating a transparent electrode on a photovoltaic device from a graphene film is also provided.01-10-2013
20130011959METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL ELECTRODE AND CONDUCTIVE PASTE - A method of manufacturing a solar cell electrode comprising steps of: applying onto a semiconductor substrate a conductive paste comprising (i) a conductive powder, (ii) a glass frit, (iii) an organic polymer and (iv) an organic solvent comprising 30 to 85 weight percent (wt %) of 1-phenoxy-2-propanol based on the weight of the organic solvent; and firing the conductive paste.01-10-2013
20130017647SURFACE-MODIFIED NANOPARTICLE INK FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS - Described herein is a novel material that easily penetrates silicon nitride-based anti-reflective coatings, forming a high quality electrical contact. A method for metallization on a solar cell includes depositing a passivation layer on a silicon substrate of a solar cell, depositing derivatized metal particles onto the passive layer, heating the substrate of the solar cell to migrate surface coatings from the derivatized metal particles onto the passivation layer creating a diffusion Channel through passivation layer to the silicon substrate, and as the metal particles melt due to the heating on the substrate, the melted metal diffuses through the diffusion channel forming a metallic content with the silicon substrate.01-17-2013
20110143497THICK FILM CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITION USED IN CONDUCTORS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - A method of forming a photovoltaic cell conductor that comprises steps of, applying on a semiconductor substrate a thick film conductive composition comprising inorganic powders comprising electrically conductive powder, first glass frit and second glass frit, and organic medium, wherein total PbO in the glass frits is 80.5 to 83.5 wt % based on the total weight of the first glass frit and the second glass frit, and firing the thick film conductive composition applied on the semiconductor substrate.06-16-2011
20110159637SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A semiconductor device that attenuates light to the circuit element area is provided. The semiconductor device includes light-sensitive element area formed on substrate and a circuit element area formed on the substrate. Additionally, a multilayer wiring area is formed on circuit element area. A Tantalum film (which is generally made of tantalum or a tantalum compound) is formed on the surface of the multilayer wiring area to attenuate incident light on circuit element area.06-30-2011
20130023084Substrate for Use in Preparing Solar Cells - Conductive material is combined with other substances to form a composite material for use as a conductive back face substrate for a thin silicon wafer solar cell. In at least one embodiment, a conductive composite substrate material is fabricated by filling granular conductive material with a mineral or ceramic or other small particulate with a low CTE; the composite is cast and fired so that it has an electrically conductive continuous phase and a discontinuous phase that will control and match the CTE of the substrate to be equal to or close to that of silicon, thereby diminishing the effects of bowing from CTE-mismatch.01-24-2013
20080254567Thick film conductive composition and processe for use in the manufacture of semiconductor device - The present invention is directed to a thick film conductive composition comprising: a) electrically conductive silver powder; b) ZnO powder; c) lead-free glass frits wherein based on total glass frits: Bi10-16-2008
20080248608FRONT SIDE ELECTRICAL CONTACT FOR PHOTODETECTOR ARRAY AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME - A photodiode includes a semiconductor having front and backside surfaces and first and second active layers of opposite conductivity, separated by an intrinsic layer. A plurality of isolation trenches filled with conductive material extend into the first active layer, dividing the photodiode into a plurality of cells and forming a central trench region in electrical communication with the first active layer beneath each of the cells. Sidewall active diffusion regions extend the trench depth along each sidewall and are formed by doping at least a portion of the sidewalls with a dopant of first conductivity. A first contact electrically communicates with the first active layer beneath each of the cells via the central trench region. A plurality of second contacts each electrically communicate with the second active layer of one of the plurality of cells. The first and second contacts are formed on the front surface of the photodiode.10-09-2008
20130178011DOPANT COMPOSITIONS AND THE METHOD OF MAKING TO FORM DOPED REGIONS IN SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS - Dopant compositions comprising a semiconductor material are described. Examples of dopant compositions comprise a particulate dopant component and a liquid or paste component, or comprise a dopant component and a particulate silicon component. Methods of forming doped regions in a semiconductor substrate material using the dopant compositions are described. A dopant composition including a dopant particulate component is described as a dopant source in a method for the formation of radiation-fired or radiation-doped contacts, for example in the formation of laser-fired or laser-doped contacts. Examples of the method find application in relation to the manufacture of photovoltaic cells. The use of doped particulate material, for example a composition including doped silicon powder, may reduce the likelihood of damage to the substrate.07-11-2013
20130137210MASKING PASTES AND PROCESSES FOR MANUFACTURING A PARTIALLY TRANSPARENT THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL - The present invention relates to masking pastes and methods for removing portions of the back electrode and photovoltaic junction from a photovoltaic laminate to create a partially transparent thin-film photovoltaic panel. Such panels may be useful in window and sun-roof applications. This method can be used to edge-delete and electrically isolate a photovoltaic panel and to reduce the reflectivity of the sun-facing substrate surface.05-30-2013
20130171770METHOD OF PREPARING OPTO-ELECTRONIC DEVICE - A method is provided to produce an opto-electronic device comprising a substrate, a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer of opposite polarity to said first electrode layer, any interlayers and, between said first and second electrode layers, a first functional material in interfacial contact with a second functional material, wherein the first functional material has the structure of a laterally porous film and the second functional material is a film disposed over and interpenetrating with the film of the first functional material.07-04-2013
20130115732Method to Fabricate Multicrystal Solar Cell with Light Trapping Surface Using Nanopore Copolymer - Multi-crystalline silicon processing techniques are provided. In one aspect, a method for roughening a multi-crystalline silicon surface is provided. The method includes the following steps. The multi-crystalline silicon surface is coated with a diblock copolymer. The diblock copolymer is annealed to form nanopores therein. The multi-crystalline silicon surface is etched through the nanopores in the diblock copolymer to roughen the multi-crystalline silicon surface. The diblock copolymer is removed. A multi-crystalline silicon substrate with a roughened surface having a plurality of peaks and troughs is also provided, wherein a distance from one peak to an adjacent peak on the roughened surface is from about 20 nm to about 400 nm.05-09-2013
20130095603METHOD FOR THE TREATMENT OF A METAL CONTACT FORMED ON A SUBSTRATE - The invention relates to a method for obtaining a metal contact on a substrate, comprising the following steps: (a) depositing a metal pattern in the form of a paste formed from a mixture of a metal power and a solvent, (b) heating the assembly formed in step (a) in order to evaporate the solvent, and (c) annealing same in order to form a metal contact between the metal pattern and the substrate. The invention is characterised in that it also includes a step (d) in which the metal contact is heated by laser at an energy density of between 0.5 J/cm04-18-2013
20130095604METHOD FOR PRODUCING A METAL CONTACT STRUCTURE OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELL - A method for producing a metal contact structure of a photovoltaic solar cell, including: applying an electrically non-conductive insulating layer to a semiconductor substrate, applying a metal contact layer to the insulating layer, and generating a plurality of local electrically conductive connections between the semiconductor substrate and the contact layer right through the insulating layer. The metal contact layer is formed using two pastes containing metal particles: the first paste containing metal particles is applied to local regions, and the second paste containing metal particles is applied covering at least the regions covered with the first paste and partial regions located therebetween. By global heating the semiconductor substrate the first paste penetrates the insulating layer and forms an electrically conductive contact directly with the semiconductor substrate, whereas the second paste does not penetrate the insulating layer and is electrically conductively connected to the semiconductor substrate via the first paste.04-18-2013
20130102110METHOD AND APPARATUS OF FORMING A CONDUCTIVE LAYER - The present invention generally includes an apparatus and process of forming a conductive layer on a surface of a host substrate, which can be directly used to form a portion of an electronic device. More specifically, one or more of the embodiments disclosed herein include a process of forming a conductive layer on a surface of a substrate using an electrospinning type deposition process. Embodiments of the conductive layer forming process described herein can be used to reduce the number of processing steps required to form the conductive layer, improve the electrical properties of the formed conductive layer and reduce the conductive layer formation process complexity over current state-of-the-art conductive layer formation techniques. Typical electronic device formation processes that can benefit from one or more of the embodiments described herein include, but are not limited to processes used to form solar cells, electronic visual display devices and touchscreen type technologies.04-25-2013
20130102109METHOD AND APPARATUS OF REMOVING A PASSIVATION FILM AND IMPROVING CONTACT RESISTANCE IN REAR POINT CONTACT SOLAR CELLS - Embodiments of the present invention generally provide improved processes and apparatus for removing passivation layers from a surface of photovoltaic cells and improving contact resistance in rear point contact photovoltaic cells. In one embodiment, a method of processing a solar cell substrate includes providing a substrate having a passivation layer deposited on a first surface of the substrate. The passivation layer is a layer stack comprising an aluminum oxide and a silicon nitride. The method also includes exposing the first surface of the substrate to an etchant, and heating the etchant to dissolve the aluminum oxide of the passivation layer on the first surface. The method may further include forming a metal containing layer on a second surface of the substrate that is opposite to the first surface.04-25-2013
20130130436DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL WITH HYBRID NANOSTRUCTURES AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING WORKING ELECTRODES THEREOF - A dye-sensitized solar cell with hybrid nanostructures comprises a negative-polarity conductive substrate, a metal oxide layer, a positive-polarity conductive substrate and an electrolyte. The metal oxide layer has a plurality of nanoparticles and a plurality of nanotubes. The metal oxide layer and the electrolyte are arranged between the negative-polarity conductive substrate and the positive-polarity conductive substrate. The nanoparticles increase contact area with dye and thus enhance power generation efficiency. The nanotubes increase carrier mobility and thus effectively transfer electricity to electrodes. The solar cell integrates the advantages of nanoparticles and nanotubes and offsets the disadvantages thereof to effectively enhance the photovoltaic conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells.05-23-2013
20130130435THICK FILM CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITION AND USE THEREOF - The invention relates to a thick film conductive composition comprising metal particles wherein the specific surface area of the silver particles measured by BET according to ISO 9277 is equal to or more than 1.8 m05-23-2013
20130130434Method for Producing a Photovoltaic Element Comprising a Silicon Dioxide Layer - Production of a photovoltaic element, more particularly of a solar cell. In this case, an additional silicon dioxide layer is used, which is produced by UV irradiation with a wavelength of less than 200 nm and can improve the interface properties on the silicon and can help to reduce disturbances known by the expression “background plating”.05-23-2013
20130143354TCO MATERIALS FOR SOLAR APPLICATIONS - A method for forming a transparent conductive oxide (TCO) film for use in a TFPV solar device comprises the formation of a tin oxide film doped with between about 5 volume % and about 40 volume % antimony (ATO). Advantageously, the Sb concentration generally ranges from about 15 volume % to about 20 volume % and more advantageously, the Sb concentration is about 19 volume %. The ATO films exhibited almost no change in transmission characteristics between about 300 nm and about 1100 nm or resistivity after either a 15 hour exposure to water or an anneal in air for 8 minutes at 650 C, which indicated the excellent duarability. Control sample of Al doped zinc oxide (AZO) exhibited degradation of resistivity for both a 15 hour exposure to water and an anneal in air for 8 minutes at 650 C.06-06-2013
20130203211METHOD FOR COATING A SUBSTRATE WITH ALUMINIUM-DOPED ZINC OXIDE - A method coats a substrate with an aluminum-doped zinc oxide. The method includes generating a nucleation coating between 5 nm and 400 nm thick and having zinc oxide or doped zinc oxide, in particular aluminum-doped zinc oxide, on a surface of a substrate by atomizing a solid target. A quasi-epitaxially propagating top coating is generated and contains an aluminum-doped zinc oxide on the nucleation coating and the top coating is wet chemically etched.08-08-2013
20130203212METHOD FOR FABRICATING SOLAR CELL - A method of fabricating a solar cell on a conveyer belt is provided. The method includes the following steps. A first surface of an aluminum foil is coated with a layer of phosphorous mixed with a plurality of graphite powders and put on the conveyer belt. A first thermal treatment is performed to activate a portion of the aluminum foil and the phosphorous layer on the first surface to form an aluminum phosphide (AlP) layer. A molten silicon material is spray-coated on a second surface of the remaining aluminum foil, and a second thermal treatment is performed to make the silicon material transferring into a p-type polySi layer on the n-type AlP layer. A solar cell including the n-type AlP layer and the p-type polySi layer is formed, and the solar cell is respectively annealed and cooled down in a first and a second vertical stack.08-08-2013
20110230010SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - A substrate processing system includes a source unit configured to supply a deposition material to a substrate, a substrate holder configured to hold a substrate to receive the deposition material, a shadow mask comprising a frame that includes two opposing arms; and a crossbar configured to be mounted to the two opposing arms. The frame and the crossbar define a plurality of openings that allow the deposition material supplied by the source unit to be deposited on the substrate. A transport mechanism can produce relative movement between the shadow mask and the substrate.09-22-2011
20100317148METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING A CONTACT GRID ON A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - Processes for fabricating a contact grid for a photovoltaic cell generally includes providing a photovoltaic cell having an antireflective coating disposed on a sun facing side, the photovoltaic cell comprising a silicon substrate having a p-n junction; soft stamping a pattern of a UV sensitive photoresist and/or polymer onto the antireflective coating; exposing the UV sensitive photoresist and/or polymer to ultraviolet radiation to cure the UV sensitive photoresist and/or polymer; etching the pattern to form openings in the antireflective coating that define the contact grid; stripping the UV sensitive photoresist and/or polymer; and depositing a conductive metal into the openings defined by the pattern. The metal based paste can be aluminum based, which can be annealed at a relatively low temperature.12-16-2010
20100317147METALLIZING DEVICE AND METHOD - A metallization device configured to metallize a semiconductor device, including: a closed enclosure of variable volume configured to contain a metallization paste, a screen for screen printing forming a wall of the enclosure integral with the other walls of the enclosure, configured to be in contact with the semiconductor device during its metallization, and a mechanism applying uniform pressure over a mobile sealed wall of the enclosure opposite to the wall formed by the printing screen and reducing the volume of the enclosure. The volume reduction of the enclosure is configured to cause the metallization paste to uniformly pass through the printing screen.12-16-2010
20130157409SELECTIVE ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF PASSIVATION LAYERS FOR SILICON-BASED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - Embodiments of the invention generally provide methods for forming a silicon-based photovoltaic device. In one embodiment, a method includes forming a pattern inhibitor layer on a back surface of a substrate, wherein the pattern inhibitor layer covers a first portion of the back surface and a second portion of the back surface remains substantially free of the pattern inhibitor layer. The method further includes forming a passivation layer containing aluminum oxide on the second portion of the back surface and maintaining the pattern inhibitor layer substantially free of the passivation layer during a selective atomic layer deposition (S-ALD) process. Additionally, the method includes removing the pattern inhibitor layer from the back surface to reveal the first portion of the back surface and subsequently forming a contact layer on the first portion of the back surface.06-20-2013
20120282732METHOD FOR FABRICATING A BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELL - The present disclosure relates to a method for manufacturing a back electrode-type solar cell. The method for manufacturing a back electrode-type solar cell disclosed herein includes: A method for manufacturing a back electrode-type solar cell, comprising: preparing an n-type crystalline silicon substrate; forming a thermal diffusion control film on a front surface, a back surface and a side surface of the substrate; forming a p-type impurity region by implanting p-type impurity ions onto the back surface of the substrate; patterning the thermal diffusion control film so that the back surface of the substrate is selectively exposed; and forming a high-concentration back field layer (n+) at an exposed region of the back surface of the substrate and a low-concentration front field layer (n−) at the front surface of the substrate by performing a thermal diffusion process, and forming a p+ emitter region by activating the p-type impurity region.11-08-2012
20130183795SOLAR CELL BACK SIDE ELECTRODE - A method of manufacturing a solar cell back side electrode comprising: (a) preparing a substrate comprising a semiconductor layer and a passivation layer formed on the back side of the semiconductor layer, wherein the passivation layer has one or more openings; (b) applying, onto the back side of the substrate, an aluminum paste comprising, (i) an aluminum powder, (ii) a glass frit comprising 30 to 70 cation mole percent of lead, 1 to 40 cation mole percent of silicon and 10 to 65 cation mole percent of boron, and 1 to 25 cation mole percent of aluminum, based on the total mole of cationic components in the glass frit, and (iii) an organic medium, wherein the aluminum paste covers the openings; and (c) firing the aluminum paste in a furnace, wherein the aluminum paste does not fire through the passivation layer during the firing.07-18-2013
20130122646DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL USING NITROGEN DOPED CARBON-NANO-TUBE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Provided are a dye-sensitized solar cell and a method for manufacturing the dye-sensitized solar cell using a carbon nanotube (CN05-16-2013
20130122645PANEL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING PANEL, SOLAR CELL MODULE, PRINTING APPARATUS, AND PRINTING METHOD - A printing apparatus according to the present invention includes a printing section configured to print ink on a surface of a substrate. The printing section prints conductive ink containing a conductive material by offset printing and prints conductive ink containing a conductive material different from the conductive material on the conductive ink by offset printing. Preferably, the printing apparatus further includes a conveyor configured to convey the substrate. Further, the printing section preferably includes a first printing machine configured to print first conductive ink and a second printing machine configured to print second conductive ink.05-16-2013
20110312124METHOD OF FABRICATING THIN FILM SOLAR CELL - Disclosed is a method of fabricating a thin film solar cell. A separation process (‘P4’ process) of insulating a thin film solar cell from the outside is integrally performed with a transparent electrode patterning process (‘P3’ process) and a metallic electrode patterning process (‘P3’ process). This may reduce the fabrication costs and enhance spatial efficiency as the ‘P4’ process and equipment for the ‘P4’ process are not required.12-22-2011
20110312123Method for forming conductive electrode pattern and method for manufacturing solar cell with the same - Disclosed herein is a conductive electrode pattern used as an electrode of a solar cell. The conductive electrode pattern includes a lower metal layer and an upper metal layer vertically disposed on a substrate, wherein any one of the lower metal layer and the upper metal layer includes silver (Ag) and the other one of the lower metal layer and the upper metal layer includes a metal of transition metals, different from that of the lower metal layer.12-22-2011
20130189811METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR BATTERY AND SOLAR BATTERY ASSEMBLING APPARATUS FOR THE SAME - Disclosed are a method of manufacturing a dye sensitized solar battery and a solar battery assembling apparatus. The method includes: forming electrode pads on electrodes of respective solar battery sub modules; applying a conductive adhesive on the electrode; and overlapping the electrodes of the solar battery sub modules, applying a current to the electrode pads, and then heating and hardening the conductive adhesive.07-25-2013
20120288990INSITU EPITAXIAL DEPOSITION OF FRONT AND BACK JUNCTIONS IN SINGLE CRYSTAL SILICON SOLAR CELLS - Fabrication of a single crystal silicon solar cell with an insitu epitaxially deposited very highly doped p-type silicon back surface field obviates the need for the conventional aluminum screen printing step, thus enabling a thinner silicon solar cell because of no aluminum induced bow in the cell. Furthermore, fabrication of a single crystal silicon solar cell with insitu epitaxial p-n junction formation and very highly doped n-type silicon front surface field completely avoids the conventional dopant diffusion step and one screen printing step, thus enabling a cheaper manufacturing process.11-15-2012
20110318874METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT - A method for manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element and a photoelectric conversion element manufactured by the manufacturing method. The method includes the steps of forming a p-type impurity diffusion layer by diffusing boron into a silicon substrate, forming an oxidation control mask on a surface of the p-type impurity diffusion layer in an area corresponding to an area where an electrode for p-type is to be formed, forming a thermal silicon oxide film on the surface of the p-type impurity diffusion layer, exposing part of the surface of the p-type impurity diffusion layer by removing the oxidation control mask formed on the surface of the p-type impurity diffusion layer in the area corresponding to the area where the electrode for p-type is to be formed, and forming the electrode for p-type on the part of the surface of the p-type impurity diffusion layer exposed by the removal of the oxidation control mask.12-29-2011
20120003789Apparatus for Manufacturing Thin Film Photovoltaic Devices - An apparatus for fabricating thin film photovoltaic devices includes a deposition chamber for loading a pair of substrates. Two heater platens in a side-by-side configuration with a middle gap form intimate contact with the pair of substrates. Each heater platen has a second width and a second length respectively made smaller than the first width and the first length to allow the substrate to fully cover the heater platen for preventing formation of edge lip due to coating buildup in a peripheral edge region. The apparatus further includes a shield structure which covers both the middle gap and all outer peripheral side regions of the side-by-side configuration of the two heater platens for preventing coating buildup and guiding a downstream flow.01-05-2012
20120021561PLASMA PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL USING SAME - A method of manufacturing a solar cell in which qualities and thicknesses of formed films are uniformed is obtained. This method of manufacturing a solar cell includes steps of forming a substrate-side electrode (01-26-2012
20120021560TRUNCATED PYRAMID STRUCTURES FOR SEE-THROUGH SOLAR CELLS - The present disclosure presents a partially-transparent (see-through) three-dimensional thin film solar cell (3-D TFSC) substrate. The substrate includes a plurality of unit cells. Each unit cell structure has the shape of a truncated pyramid, and its parameters may be varied to allow a desired portion of sunlight to pass through.01-26-2012
20120028409METHODS OF FORMING AN ANISOTROPIC CONDUCTIVE LAYER AS A BACK CONTACT IN THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - Thin film photovoltaic devices are generally provided. The device can include a transparent conductive oxide layer on a glass substrate, an n-type thin film layer on the transparent conductive layer, and a p-type thin film layer on the n-type layer. The n-type thin film layer and the p-type thin film layer form a p-n junction. An anisotropic conductive layer is applied on the p-type thin film layer, and includes a polymeric binder and a plurality of conductive particles. A metal contact layer can then be positioned on the anisotropic conductive layer.02-02-2012
20130203213METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - Provided is a method for manufacturing a photovoltaic cell capable of efficiently preventing deterioration of photoelectric conversion performance caused by adhesion of a foreign substance and occurrence of leakage without lowering manufacturing efficiency. The method for manufacturing a photovoltaic cell having a structure in which a first electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer and a second electrode are laminated on one surface of a substrate in this order, and the photoelectric conversion layer is arranged as a multi-junction type photoelectric conversion layer in which a plurality of photoelectric conversion units are laminated while each photoelectric conversion unit has a plurality of layers, the method including at least one step in which a surface of a layer formed in a process after the thickest layer in a photoelectric conversion unit is formed and before the thickest layer in any one of photoelectric conversion units further laminated is formed is washed in the process.08-08-2013
20090239330METHODS FOR FORMING COMPOSITE NANOPARTICLE-METAL METALLIZATION CONTACTS ON A SUBSTRATE - A method for forming a contact to a substrate is disclosed. The method includes providing a substrate, the substrate being doped with a first dopant; and diffusing a second dopant into at least a first side of the substrate to form a second dopant region, the first side further including a first side surface area. The method also includes forming a dielectric layer on the first side of the substrate. The method further includes forming a set of composite layer regions on the dielectric layer, wherein each composite layer region of the set of composite layer regions further includes a set of Group IV semiconductor nanoparticles and a set of metal particles. The method also includes heating the set of composite layer regions to a first temperature, wherein at least some composite layer regions of the set of composite layer regions etch through the dielectric layer and form a set of contacts with the second dopant region.09-24-2009

Patent applications in class Contact formation (i.e., metallization)