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435 - Chemistry: molecular biology and microbiology

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
435267000 Treating animal or plant material or micro-organism 101
435262500 Destruction of hazardous or toxic waste 60
435266000 Treating gas, emulsion, or foam 45
435264000 Cleaning using a micro-organism or enzyme 22
435263000 Textile treating 18
435280000 Resolution of optical isomers or purification of organic compounds or composition containing same 10
435281000 Petroleum oil or shale oil treating 5
20080286855THERMACETOGENIUM PHAEUM CONSORTIUM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MATERIALS WITH ENHANCED HYDROGEN CONTENT - An isolated microbial consortium is described that includes a first microbial consortium having 11-20-2008
20120034683PETROLEUM BIOCONVERSION OF ORGANIC ACIDS TO PREVENT REFINERY CORROSION - The present invention relates to the use of microorganisms (biocatalysts), or catalysts derived from these organisms (enzymes), to improve the quality of crude oil and bitumen as an attractive alternative to current upgrading methods. The invention identifies and characterizes the microorganism species, in particular, 02-09-2012
20090111165EMULSIFICATION-FREE DEGUMMING OF OIL - This invention relates to an oil degumming method that is free of emulsification. This method includes the steps of treating crude oil first with immobilized phospholipase and then extracting the phospholipase-treated crude oil with pure water or an aqueous solution.04-30-2009
20130095562OIL RELEASE WITH AMINO ACID-BASED COMPOUNDS HAVING A LONG CHAIN N-ACYL GROUP - Chemical compounds that are N-acyl amino acids or derivatives thereof having long chain N-acyl groups were found to have oil-releasing activity. Solutions containing these compounds may be introduced into oil reservoirs or onto oil-contaminated surface sites to release oil from oil-coated surfaces. The released oil may be recovered for further processing or waste disposal.04-18-2013
20120028341PETROLEUM BIOPROCESSING TO PREVENT REFINERY CORROSION - The present invention relates to the bioupgrading of crude oil is directed to a process for decreasing the acidity of an acidic crude oil, comprising contacting an acidic crude oil with a mixture nitrogen containing compounds selected from the group comprising ammonia, ammonia hydroxide, amines and the salts thereof, and in the presence of lipase enzyme, under conditions of suitable temperature and pressure sufficient to form the corresponding amide. The resulting naphthenic acid derived amides can then be processed normally in a refinery using such processes as cracking or hydrotreating and converted to hydrocarbon, ammonia and carbon dioxide without causing damage to the refinery infrastructure. This enzyme process is done at reduced temperatures (40-60° C.) and pressures requiring less energy.02-02-2012
435265000 Depilating hides, bating, or hide treating using enzyme or micro-organism 1
20130102058Dehairing of Skins and Hides - The present invention relates to a method for the processing of hides or skins into leather, comprising enzymatic treatment of the hide or skin with carbohydrase in the soaking step. The present invention can achieve optimal fiber opening results in a relatively short period of time and at the same time does not cause loose grain, and meanwhile the pollution or impact on the environment is reduced in a maximum way.04-25-2013
20100112675MULTI-STAGED COMPOSTING - In various embodiments, the invention provides staged processes, or systems, for composting organic materials, such as waste plant and animal matter. In one aspect, the invention involves the staged passage of organic material through alternative composting ecologies, to optimize the diversity of decay organisms that may work on the organic materials. In some embodiments, a robust, well mixed thermophilic environment is created for primary stage aerobic composting. The primary compost produced by this stage may be transferred to an alternative stratified composting ecology, in which the secondary compost descends over time from a relatively stable layer of residual thermophilic aerobic composting to underlying layers that involve non-thermophilic aerobic degradation of the organic material.05-06-2010
20100136666GARBAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM AND MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE CREATING METHOD OF GARBAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM - A technique of making a maintenance program concerning a garbage disposal system by analyzing at least the weight of garbage brought in by users at least for one week while disposing of the garbage. Before garbage to be disposed of is inputted, the identification information on the user and the date and time of when the garbage is inputted is entered. Only when the identification information agrees with the pre-registered information, the inlet is opened. The weight of the garbage inputted through the inlet is detected with a sensor. The data on the detected weight for each user is stored in a memory. According to the stored data on the weights for one week, an inspection schedule and a bacteria adjustment/supplement schedule of the stirring mechanism and deodorizing mechanism are determined.06-03-2010
20100105127SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING RESOURCES USING WASTES - Systems and methods for generating resources using municipal solid waste are disclosed herein. According to one aspect, a method includes receiving wastes. The wastes can be separated into different portions for different downstream processes. Further, the wastes can be treated in an anaerobic digestion process for producing biogas. A gasification process can be applied to the wastes for producing synthesis gas. Further, an algal growth system can be applied for sequestering system-produced carbon dioxide (CO04-29-2010
20130164825METHOD FOR ISOLATING A TARGET NUCLEIC ACID INCLUDING SMALL TARGET NUCLEIC ACIDS WITH HIGH YIELD - The present invention pertains to a method for isolating a target nucleic acid including small target nucleic acids from a sample, said method comprising at least the following steps a) binding at least a portion of the target nucleic acid including small target nucleic acids to a nucleic acid binding solid phase comprised in a column by passing the sample through said column, b) performing an enzymatic and/or chemical treatment on the nucleic acid binding solid phase while the target nucleic acid is bound to said solid phase, c) collecting at least a portion of the small target nucleic acids released from the solid phase during said treatment of step b) as flow-through, d) contacting said flow-through which comprises small target nucleic acids mixed with a recovery solution with a nucleic acid binding solid phase for binding the contained small target nucleic acids to said nucleic acid binding solid phase, e) optionally performing an elution. The present invention results in a considerable increase in the yield of small target nucleic acids in the isolated target nucleic acid because it allows to efficiently capture and recover small target nucleic acids.06-27-2013
20090093044METHOD FOR TREATING ORGANIC MATTER TO PROMOTE MOULDERING - The present invention relates to a method for treating organic matter to promote mouldering wherein the organic material is subjected to a splitting process followed by a freeze drying process prior to being transferred for deposition for mouldering.04-09-2009
20120238004REDUCING INSOLUBLE DEPOSIT FORMATION IN ETHANOL PRODUCTION - The present inventors have surprisingly discovered that phytic acid tenaciously precipitates with soluble metals in food or fuel ethanol-processing fluid, producing insoluble organometallic salt deposit or scale on the processing equipment that must be removed in order to facilitate further ethanol processing. The present invention relates to converting phytic acid salts or phytates to inorganic phosphates to improve metal solubility and reduce deposition within processing equipment.09-20-2012
20110217761METHOD FOR PROCESSING PEROXYGEN SOLUTIONS - The present disclosure relates to a multi-step method for processing peroxygen solutions for reuse or disposal. The method uses an enzyme and a reducing agent.09-08-2011
20100112676ODOR CONTROL METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS - This invention is directed generally to methods of controlling the odor of a biological material, and more particularly to methods comprising providing the biological material with an Fe(III)-reducing bacteria and a source of Fe(III). This invention also is directed generally to compositions and kits for controlling the odor of a biological material.05-06-2010
20110269220GORDONIA SIHWENSIS AND USES THEREOF - Strains of 11-03-2011
20110195485Methods of and Systems for Producing Biofuels - A method for producing biofuels is provided. A method of making biofuels includes dewatering substantially intact algal cells to make an algal biomass, extracting neutral lipids from the algal biomass, and esterifying the neutral lipids with a catalyst in the presence of an alcohol. The method also includes separating a water soluble fraction comprising glycerin from a water insoluble fraction comprising fuel esters and distilling the fuel esters under vacuum to obtain a C16 or shorter fuel esters fraction, a C16 or longer fuel ester fraction, and a residue comprising carotenoids and omega-3 fatty acids. The method further includes hydrogenating and deoxygenating at least one of (i) the C16 or shorter fuel esters to obtain a jet fuel blend stock and (ii) the C16 or longer fuel esters to obtain a diesel blend stock.08-11-2011
20090239288INTEGRATED MEMBRANE SEPARATION - BIOREACTOR FOR SELECTIVE REMOVAL OF ORGANIC PRODUCTS AND BY-PRODUCTS - A system for selective removal of metabolites from an aqueous broth including a bioreactor vessel containing at least one live culture producing at least one metabolite disposed within an aqueous broth, and a membrane module having a mixed matrix membrane suitable for selective removal of the at least one metabolite from the aqueous broth. The membrane is made of mixtures of hydrophobic zeolite and carbon on a porous substrate. In accordance with one particularly preferred embodiment of this invention, the membrane module is integral with the bioreactor vessel.09-24-2009
20090275111Anaerobically Compostable Polymeric Compositions, Articles and Landfill Biodegradation - Compostable hydrocarbon polymers, composites, and articles anaerobically biodegrade in landfills in a relatively short time. Composite polymeric articles and sheets such as indoor or outdoor signs, billboards, banners, images, protective barriers, backdrops and wall coverings have very useful service durations and yet are landfill biodegradable.11-05-2009
20110201095Method of Treating a Sulphide Mineral - A copper bioleaching process which makes use of a consortium which contains 08-18-2011
20110207204Method and apparatus for bioremediation of soils and sediments - Biological plugs/conduits produce and distribute in situ a selected consortium of microorganisms appropriate to the treatment of a variety of soil and sediment contaminants. The bioplugs provide oxygen, air and/or other gases, nutrients, and a porous immobilization surface on which selected organisms are permitted to grow. Liquid such as water is used as a carrier to distribute the excess organisms into the environment surrounding the bioplug and deliver required nutrients. Biological plugs can be installed in a variety of locations including within a building slab, under buildings or active facilities, open fields, sludge ponds, river or creek beds, piles of excavated soils/sediments, and other related environments.08-25-2011
20090004728Method of biotreatment for solid materials in a nonstirred surface bioreactor - A method of biotreating a solid material to remove an undesired compound using a nonstirred surface bioreactor is provided. According to the method, the surface of a plurality of coarse substrates is coated with a solid material to be biotreated to form a plurality of coated coarse substrates. The coarse substrates have a particle size greater than about 0.3 cm and the solid material to be biotreated has a particle size less than about 250 μm. A nonstirred surface reactor is then formed by stacking the plurality of coated coarse substrates into a heap or placing the plurality of coated coarse substrates into a tank so that the void volume of the reactor is greater than or equal to about 25%. The solid material is biotreated in the surface bioreactor until the undesired compound in the solid material is degraded to a desired concentration.01-01-2009
20090042279METHOD OF DETECTING MILD IMPAIRED GLUCOSE TOLERANCE OR INSULIN SECRETORY DEFECT - It is intended to provide a noninvasive method of conveniently detecting mild impaired glucose tolerance and/or insulin hyposecretion at the early stage with the use of an enzyme. Namely, mild impaired glucose tolerance and/or insulin hyposecretion at the early stage are detected by quantifying myoinositol secreted into the urine before loading glucose and after loading glucose for a definite period of time with the use of a reagent and comparing the increase (or the increase ratio) in the myoinositol content thus measured with a characteristic level which has been preliminarily determined in normal subjects.02-12-2009
20100255562METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TREATMET OF SLUDGE - Disclosed are an enhanced apparatus and a method for treating organic sludge, which is constructed so that concentrated sludge is first dewatered with a dewatering device in order to to lower percentage of moisture content of the sludge, which is included in foul water or wastewater sludge such as sewage, food waste, and livestock excretion, etc. thereby causing eutrophication; dewatered sludge is passed through a thermal hydrolysis reactor to decompose a polymer formed spontaneously in the dewatered sludge and cell membrane of an organism; since microorganisms discharge absorbed phosphorus, at least one selected from magnesium, potassium, zinc, calcium carbonate, phosphoric acid and calcium is poured in order to remove phosphorus, nitrogen and various material contained in a solution generated during dewatering by crystallization into struvite, and is passed through a crystallization reactor to crystallize into struvite and then remove it; a is remaining solution after crystallization is fed back to a step prior to the biological reactor or the digester.10-07-2010
20100136665System and process for reutilization of used disposable diapers - The invention provides a system and a process for reutilization of used paper diapers which enable effective utilization of used paper diapers through processing and can contribute to CO06-03-2010
20130137162SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DISINFECTING MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS - Systems and methods for disinfecting medical instruments are provided. In one embodiment, a system can include a hood to provide a clean zone, a chamber to dispose within the clean zone, and an ultrasonicator. More specifically, the chamber can include a volume and can be configured to retain a fluid and receive medical instruments. The chamber can also include a portal through which fluids enter or leave the chamber. The ultrasonicator can be used to sonicate the volume when the fluid is present. A related method of disinfecting medical instruments can be accomplished using the systems of the present disclosure.05-30-2013
20110244554MECHANICAL DEVICE FOR DISPERSING BIOMASS POPULATIONS - A biomass dispersing system and method that breaks up biomass aggregates is disclosed. The system is designed to avoid cell damage and loss of cell viability while dispersing biomass aggregates for applications where biomass aggregates can cause operation problems. The dispersed biomass suspension obtained using the disclosed system will not plug the oil wells during biomass injection into underground wells.10-06-2011
20090305390METHOD AND INSTALLATION FOR PROCESSING WASTE AND PRODUCING METHANE - A method is provided for processing waste and producing methane, in which a chamber is filled with waste, in which it undergoes anaerobic degradation. According to the method, a large chamber and a small chamber are filled respectively with slightly organic waste and highly organic waste, and a liquid fraction generated by the degradation of the waste in the large chamber is introduced into the small chamber. Also provided is an apparatus adapted to implement such a method.12-10-2009
20100068792METHOD FOR THE VOLUME AND BULK REDUCTION OF DOMESTIC WASTE - A method for the volume and bulk reduction of domestic waste is disclosed, comprising comminution of the domestic waste, separation of the organic fraction of the domestic waste, generation of biogas from the separated organic fraction by anaerobic fermentation along the principal of dry fermentation in a biogas plant, relocation of the organic fraction from the biogas plant into an aerobization container, aerobization and composting of the organic fraction by supplying air, and drying of the composted organic fraction by injection of air.03-18-2010
20110070629METHOD FOR MICROPROPAGATION OF MONOCOTS BASED ON SUSTAINED TOTIPOTENT CELL CULTURES - The present invention provides a method of micropropagating a monocotyledonous plant comprising: (a) cultivating an explant of tissue from a monocotyledonous plant shoot tip on a primary medium, wherein the explant has been pretreated with a cold temperature and the primary medium comprises auxin or auxin and cytokinin, to produce a totipotent embryogenic cell culture; (b) treating the totipotent embryonic cell culture with a cold temperature; (c) maintaining the totipotent embryogenic cell culture by cultivation on a secondary medium, whereby a totipotent embryogenic cell culture of a monocotyledonous plant is produced and maintained; and (d) transferring the embryogenic cell culture of step (c) to a tertiary medium to continue multiplication and to produce a plantlet with roots and shoots, thereby micropropagating a monocotyledonous plant. The micropropagation techniques described herein provide plants for such purposes as development of elite plant lines, phytoremediation and biomass production.03-24-2011
20110076750PROCESS FOR THE TREATMENT OF LIQUID EFFLUENTS LADEN WITH HYDROCARBONS - The present invention relates to a process for the treatment of liquid effluents laden with hydrocarbons, which comprises: feeding the effluents into a treatment tank; supplying the treatment tank with a reversible sorbent having a defined particle size; mixing the effluents with the reversible sorbent in the treatment tank in order to load said reversible sorbent with the hydrocarbons in the effluents; removing the hydrocarbon-laden reversible sorbent from the top of the treatment tank; extracting the treated effluents from the bottom of the treatment tank; and separating the hydrocarbons from the laden reversible sorbent from the treatment tank.03-31-2011
20080206842Method of Conversion of Biodegradable Hygienically Non-Stabilized Substrate Into Hygienically Stabilized Product - The pack, made of biodegradable, hygienically non-stabilized, i.e. potentially unhealthy substrate, is placed into a space separated from the surrounding atmosphere and put through aerobic fermentation involving the step of exposing the whole volume of the pack at the same time to the temperature of 70°-80° C. for 30-60 min. With an advantage, the temperature of the pack is controlled during the fermentation by the amount of externally supplied air and by intensity of restacking of the pack. The product of the aerobic fermentation is hygienically stabilized, i.e. unobjectionable product, suitable for further processing without the necessity of any special hygienic means such-as composting or processing into fuel.08-28-2008
20080268525Removal of mercury from coal via a microbial pretreatment process - A process for the removal of mercury from coal prior to combustion is disclosed. The process is based on use of microorganisms to oxidize iron, sulfur and other species binding mercury within the coal, followed by volatilization of mercury by the microorganisms. The microorganisms are from a class of iron and/or sulfur oxidizing bacteria. The process involves contacting coal with the bacteria in a batch or continuous manner. The mercury is first solubilized from the coal, followed by microbial reduction to elemental mercury, which is stripped off by sparging gas and captured by a mercury recovery unit, giving mercury-free coal. The mercury can be recovered in pure form from the sorbents via additional processing.10-30-2008
20110136213Three Stage, Multiple Phase Anaerobic Digestion System and Method - A three stage, multiple phase anaerobic digestion system and method designed to separate the biological phases, optimize microbial activity in each phase, and significantly increase system reliability and energy production. The system physically separates the biological phases of anaerobic digestion based on particle size, particle density, and solubility of metabolic products. The system allows a complex multi-phased biological system to develop without the need for excessive control or operator intervention.06-09-2011
20100021992ENZYMATIC DECOMPOSITION OF RESIDUAL FORMAMIDE IN POLYMERS - Method for reducing the formamide content of preparations (P) prepared from N-vinylformamide monomers by polymerization.01-28-2010
20120040442METHOD FOR USE IN PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) TREATMENT - The present invention discloses a method for use in treating palm oil mill effluent (POME). Said method comprising the steps of: treating the palm oil mill effluents with concentrated butyrate; introducing the treated palm oil mill effluents into a reaction tank (02-16-2012
20120064609SOLUBILIZATION OF COAL OR LIGNOCELLULOSE BIOMASS - The present methods deal with the solubilization of coal and lignocellulose biomass using pyrophosphates, polyphosphates, or derivatives thereof.03-15-2012
20120208261Method of removing heavy metals in soils and water - A method for sulfurous acid leaching of heavy metals from soils into a contaminated water fraction for subsequent precipitation with alkaline and nutrient reagents for filtration removal to provide a metal free soil and reclaimed water suitable for raising crops and open stream discharge.08-16-2012
20110091960Compositions and Methods for Detection of Antibody Binding to Cells - The invention includes Rh(D) binding proteins, including antibodies, and DNA encoding such proteins. Methods of generating such proteins and DNAs are also included.04-21-2011
20110065167Degradation of Hydrophobic Ester Pesticides and Toxins - The present invention relates to methods for degrading hydrophobic ester pesticides and toxins. In particular, the present invention relates to the use of insect esterases, and mutants thereof, in the bioremediation of hydrophobic ester pesticides and toxins residues, such as pyrethroid residues, contaminating the environment and horticultural commodities.03-17-2011
20110065166NOx Removal System for Biogas Engines at Anaerobic Digestion Facilities - Provided herein are methods, devices and systems comprising a reactor that is operatively connected to: (a) a biogas production unit for converting waste to a biogas stream; and (b) an engine that utilizes the biogas stream from the biogas producing unit to produce energy and an engine exhaust.03-17-2011
20120122194METHOD FOR THE TOTAL GASIFICATION OF GARBAGE OR WASTE - A method for treating garbage or waste in which the garbage or refuse is subjected to at least one compression step (05-17-2012
20090061503HEAP LEACHING OF SULPHIDE ORES - A process for the heap leaching of multiple ores, the process characterized by the process steps of: (i) the agglomeration or wetting of an ore feed; (ii) exposing the agglomerated or wetted ore to an inoculum containing one or more bacterial species capable of biooxidizing sulphide minerals in that ore; (iii) forming one or more heaps from the ore of step (ii); (iv) dispersing further bacterial inoculum over at least a portion of the or each heap; and (v) recovering leach solution draining from the heap and passing a portion thereof to a means for metal recovery.03-05-2009
20120164714Post Protein Hydrolysis Removal of a Potent Ribonuclease Inhibitor and the Enzymatic Capture of DNA - The present invention concerns compositions and methods of extracting infectious pathogens from a volume of blood. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of creating a fibrin aggregate confining the pathogens and introducing a fibrin lysis reagent to expose the pathogens for analysis. The present invention also concerns materials and methods for removing aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) from a sample.06-28-2012
20100273242BIOLOGICAL DESULFURIZATION APPARATUS - Disclosed is a desulfurization apparatus including a biological reaction tank 10-28-2010
20100291658PROCESS FOR SEPARATING NONPROTEINANEOUS BIOMOLECULES, IN PARTICULAR NUCLEIC ACIDS, FROM PROTEINANEOUS SAMPLES - The present invention relates to method of isolating non-protein-containing biomolecules, in particular nucleic acids, characterized in that protein degradation is carried out on a solid phase.11-18-2010
20120276616METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR METHANE SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION FROM A BIOGAS - The method and system for methane separation and purification from a biogas includes collecting a raw Biogas gas stream having methane, carbon dioxide, water, sulfur compounds and non-methane organic compound (NMOC) constituents. The Biogas stream is fed into the intake of a liquid sulfur scrubber or a sulfur adsorber unit where the Biogas is separated into a main gas stream routed downstream in the system and a sulfur compounds stream removed from the system. The main gas stream is then processed by an NMOC absorber and further downstream, by an NMOC adsorber. NMOC produced by both NMOC processes is liquefied, removed from the system and stored. Upstream from the NMOC processes, the main gas stream is processed by at least one CO11-01-2012
20100129894Method For Regenerating A Biosensor - In a method for regenerating a biosensor, a biosensor is prepared having a substrate surface on which at least one receptor is immobilized. At least one ligand that is binding specific to the receptor is bound to the receptor, said ligand, together with the receptor, forming a ligand-receptor complex. To regenerate the biosensor, the ligand-receptor complex is brought into contact with an enzyme. The enzyme is selected so that it catalyzes the ligand into fragments. The enzyme is inert with respect to the receptor.05-27-2010
20130171720Modified Carbonic Anhydrase Enzymes and Their Use in Carbon Dioxide Sequestration and Elimination - Disclosed herein are modified carbonic anhydrase enzymes, and a process of using same for the extraction, production and purification of carbon dioxide gas. More particularly, modified carbonic anhydrase enzymes are used for the production, purification of carbon dioxide and the products of the hydration reaction, hydrogen and bicarbonate ions Also, this technology is used to enhance the production of carbon dioxide in blood or in reverse osmosis desalination to remove carbon dioxide. Specifically, the invention relates to a modified carbonic anhydrase enzyme possessing improved activity and a process whereby immobilized modified carbonic anhydrase contained within a reactor device catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide.07-04-2013
20130130357Anaerobic Digestion Method - This anaerobic digestion method is a method to biologically treat precipitated sludge obtained by a precipitating operation to sewage or wastewater, sludge containing livestock waste sludge, or organic wastewater containing suspended solids of 5000 mg/L or more as a treatment object, by a fixed bed (05-23-2013
20080199943Material Solubiliser Reactor For Hydrolysis and/or Wet Fermentation and Waste Treatment Plant With Such a Solubiliser and Reactor - The invention relates to a method for the treatment of waste with organic components, whereby in standardized method steps, various material solubilisers, for dissolving the organic material in a solvent and various reactors for carrying out a hydrolysis and/or a wet fermentation are used depending on the particle size and suitable solubilisers and reactors. A suitable waste treatment plant is also disclosed.08-21-2008
20100291659Methods and Apparatuses for Reducing Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds from Pumps and Storage Tanks for Voc-Containing Fluids - A method is provided for reducing emissions of a volatile organic compound (“VOC”) from a source of the VOC. The method includes the steps of: (A) operatively positioning a VOC-absorbing material between the source of the VOC and the atmosphere, wherein the VOC from the source of the VOC must pass through the VOC-absorbing material before being vented to the atmosphere, and wherein the VOC-absorbing material comprises: (i) a permeable substrate; and (ii) a stripper for the VOC; and (B) exposing the stripper of the VOC-absorbing material to bacteria, wherein the bacteria is selected for being capable of converting the VOC to another compound. A method for pumping a fluid from a low-pressure fluid source to a high-pressure fluid outlet and a method for storing or transporting a fluid are also provided, wherein the fluid comprises a VOC.11-18-2010
20100317090WASTE TREATMENT SYSTEM - A process for treating mixed waste material, said process comprising a) collecting said mixed waste in bags; b) autoclaving the bags under conditions in which the bags degrade; c) separating the material from step (b) into three fractions, a first fraction comprising liquid materials, a second fraction comprising large solid waste materials and a third fraction comprising fibrous material; d) subjecting the third fraction of step (c) to a remediation process such as an aerobic digestion; and e) recovering the product of step (d). Use of aerobic digestion as a drying process for materials, and certain apparatus for use in the process are also described and claimed.12-16-2010
20100317089Production of Volatile Fatty Acids By Means of Mesophilic Fermentation of Sludge - A method and related apparatus for the removal of excess water from sludge, the method comprising the steps of: (1) fermenting the sludge at a temperature in the mesophilic temperature range, (2) maintaining the fermenting sludge for a predetermined period under a hydraulically quiescent condition to achieve phase separation, (3) separately removing the solid phase and liquid phase and (4) feeding the solid phase to the digester for conversion to biogas.12-16-2010
20120028339METHODS OF PRODUCING BIOFUELS FROM AN ALGAL BIOMASS - A method for producing biofuels is provided. A method of making biofuels includes dewatering substantially intact algal cells to make an algal biomass, extracting neutral lipids from the algal biomass, and esterifying the neutral lipids with a catalyst in the presence of an alcohol. The method also includes separating a water soluble fraction comprising glycerin from a water insoluble fraction comprising fuel esters and distilling the fuel esters under vacuum to obtain a C16 or shorter fuel esters fraction, a C16 or longer fuel ester fraction, and a residue comprising carotenoids and omega-3 fatty acids. The method further includes hydrogenating and deoxygenating at least one of (i) the C16 or shorter fuel esters to obtain a jet fuel blend stock and (ii) the C16 or longer fuel esters to obtain a diesel blend stock.02-02-2012
20120077254Method for anaerobic biodegradation of bioplastics - Semicrystalline bioplastic materials are processed by thermally annealing the bioplastic to increase degree of crystallinity in the bioplastic; and anaerobically biodegrading the thermally annealed bioplastic. The thermal annealing may be performed using a commercial annealing oven. The anaerobic biodegradation may be performed in an anaerobic digester, a landfill, or other suitable environment.03-29-2012
20120094363Method for Producing Non-Putrescible Sludge and Energy and Corresponding Plant - The invention relates to a method for producing non-putrescible sludge and energy, wherein said method includes the following steps: (i) producing digested sludge by means of primary sludge digestion; (ii) producing a first aqueous effluent and digested sludge, which are at least partially dehydrated by a first liquid-solid separation of the digested sludge produced in step (i); (iii) producing digested sludge at least partially dehydrated and hydrolysed by thermal hydrolysis of the at least partially dehydrated digested sludge produced in step (ii); (iv) digesting the at least partially dehydrated and hydrolysed digested sludge produced in step (iii); wherein said method further includes a step of recovering the biogases formed during said digestion and said primary digestion, and a step of producing energy from said biogas, including a first sub-step of producing the energy required for implementing said thermal hydrolysis and a sub-step of producing excess energy, the entirety of the biogas being used for producing electricity.04-19-2012