Inventors list

Assignees list

Classification tree browser

Top 100 Inventors

Top 100 Assignees


Carbon, graphite, or carbonaceous component is active material

Subclass of:

429 - Chemistry: electrical current producing apparatus, product, and process

429122000 - CURRENT PRODUCING CELL, ELEMENTS, SUBCOMBINATIONS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR USE THEREWITH AND ADJUNCTS

429209000 - Electrode

429218100 - Chemically specified inorganic electrochemically active material containing

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130045424PLATE-LIKE PARTICLE FOR CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FILM FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING THE PARTICLE AND FILM, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - An object of the present invention is to provide a lithium secondary battery which has improved capacity, durability, and rate characteristic as compared with conventional lithium secondary batteries. A plate-like particle or a film for a lithium secondary battery cathode active material has a layered rock salt structure. The (003) plane is oriented in a direction intersecting the direction of the plate surface of the particle or film.02-21-2013
20130136994MODIFIED BATTERY ANODE WITH CARBON NANOTUBES - An improved anode material for a lithium ion battery is disclosed. The improved anode material can improve both electric conductivity and the mechanical resilience of the anode, thus drastically increasing the lifetime of lithium ion batteries.05-30-2013
20100159332PLATE-LIKE PARTICLE FOR CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FILM FOR LITHIUM SECONDERY BATTERY, METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING THE PARTICLE AND FILM, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - An object of the present invention is to provide a lithium secondary battery which has improved capacity, durability, and rate characteristic as compared with conventional lithium secondary batteries. A plate-like particle or a film for a lithium secondary battery cathode active material has a layered rock salt structure. The (003) plane is oriented in a direction intersecting the direction of the plate surface of the particle or film.06-24-2010
20100159333PLATE-LIKE PARTICLE FOR CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL OF A LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND A LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - By exposing the crystal plane (a plane other than the (003) plane: e.g., the (101) plane and (104) plane) through which lithium ions are favorably intercalated and deintercalated, more to an electrolyte, characteristics such as cell capacity is improved. The present invention relates a plate-like particle for a lithium secondary battery cathode active material. The particle has a layered rock salt structure. The (003) plane is oriented in a direction intersecting a particle plate surface. The porosity is 10% or less. The ratio of an observed surface area (β) determined from a measured value of a BET specific surface area to a virtual surface area (α) of the particle which is defined by the planar shape and thickness of the particle on the assumption that the plate surface is smooth, β/α is 3 or more and 10 or less06-24-2010
20120183860NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL - Disclosed is a negative electrode active material which has a high capacity and good cyclability. The negative electrode active material comprises nanosize carbon particles and nanosize tin dioxide particles that are supported in a high-dispersion state on the nanosize carbon particles. The negative electrode active material has a high discharge capacity because of the reversible progress of a conversion reaction of tin dioxide (SnO07-19-2012
20120183859NEGATIVE ELECTRODE, ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND ELECTRIC STORAGE DEVICE - An object of the present invention is to provide a negative electrode, an electrode assembly and an electric storage device. The negative electrode has a negative electrode layer containing: an active material containing an amorphous carbon particle capable of occluding and releasing at least one of an alkali metal and an alkaline earth metal; and a binder, the negative electrode layer having a plurality of pores; and the ratio S07-19-2012
20110195313NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME - Disclosed is a negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery is provided that includes composite particles including an amorphous or semi-crystalline carbon matrix, and crystalline graphite powder particles having an average particle diameter of 0.2 to 3 μm dispersed in the matrix. The composite particles have an average particle diameter of 4 to 40 μm. A method of preparing the same and a rechargeable lithium battery including the negative active material are also disclosed.08-11-2011
20110195311NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THEREOF, AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME - A negative electrode for a rechargeable lithium battery includes at least one layered unit including a Sn-based metal plating layer and a carbon layer on the metal plating layer. Rechargeable lithium batteries including the negative electrode exhibit improved charge and discharge capacities, and have good capacity retention characteristics even after repeated charge and discharge.08-11-2011
20100119945POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL SINTERED BODY FOR BATTERY - The positive electrode active material sintered body for a battery of the present invention is a positive electrode active material sintered body for a battery satisfying the following requirements (I) to (VII): (I) fine particles in a positive electrode active material are sintered to constitute the sintered body; (II) a peak pore diameter which provides a maximum differential pore volume value in a pore diameter range of 0.01 to 10 μm in a pore distribution is 0.3 to 5 μm; (III) a total pore volume is 0.1 to 1 cc/g; (IV) an average particle diameter is not less than the peak pore diameter and not more than 20 μm; (V) any peak, which provides a differential pore volume value of not less than 10% of the maximum differential pore volume value, is not present on a smaller pore diameter side than the peak pore diameter in the pore distribution; (VI) a BET specific surface area is 1 to 6 m05-13-2010
20100075227NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY AND NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL - A negative electrode active material includes complex particles and a carbonaceous material phase which binds the complex particles. The complex particles comprises a metal oxide having an average size of 50 nm to 1 μm and SiO03-25-2010
20100075229POSITIVE ELECTRODE FORMING MATERIAL, COMPONENT THEREOF, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-ION BATTERY - Disclosed is a positive electrode forming material for a positive electrode of a battery, the material including particles of a positive electrode active material and fine carbon fibers adhering to surfaces of particles of the positive electrode active material in a shape of a network. The positive electrode active material is preferably fine particles having an average particle diameter of 0.03 to 40 μm. Each of the fine carbon fibers is preferably carbon nanofiber having an average fiber diameter of 1 to 100 nm and an aspect ratio of 5 or greater. The carbon nanofiber is surface-oxidized. The positive electrode forming material includes a binder. The content of the fine carbon fibers is 0.5 to 15 parts by mass and the content of the binder is 0.5 to 10 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the positive electrode active material.03-25-2010
20100075228Non-thermofusible phenol resin powder, method for producing the same, thermosetting resin composition, sealing material for semiconductor, and adhesive for semiconductor - Disclosed is a non-thermofusible phenol resin powder having an average particle diameter of not more than 20 μm and a single particle ratio of not less than 0.7. This non-thermofusible phenol resin powder preferably has a chlorine content of not more than 500 ppm. This non-thermofusible phenol resin powder is useful as an organic filler for sealing materials for semiconductors and adhesives for semiconductors. The non-thermofusible phenol resin powder is also useful as a precursor of functional carbon materials such as a molecular sieve carbon and a carbon electrode material.03-25-2010
20090202911NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL, MAKING METHOD, LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITOR - A negative electrode material comprises a conductive powder of particles of a lithium ion-occluding and releasing material coated on their surface with a graphite coating. The graphite coating, on Raman spectroscopy analysis, develops broad peaks having an intensity I08-13-2009
20130084501ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - An electrode material for lithium secondary battery comprises a nanoheterostructure which contains a lithium-ion conductor and an electrode active substance of which one inorganic component is a matrix, and of which the other inorganic component is three-dimensionally and periodically arranged in the matrix, and has a three-dimensional periodic structure whose average value of one unit length of a repeated structure is 1 nm to 100 nm.04-04-2013
20130040203ANODE MATERIAL - The present disclosure relates to anode materials having high surface areas and improved cycle performance made by surface treatments of spheroidized graphite powders. The surface treatments provide a high surface area protective coating over the spheroidized graphite powder. The anodes made according to the disclosed embodiments have improved cycle life and long term high temperature storage performance. In the disclosed embodiments, a spheroidized graphite powder is coated with a high surface area protective coating. The high surface area protective coating improves the performance and durability of an anode made from disclosed 200 material. The high surface area protective coating can include polymers, metal compounds and/or hard carbon. Further, in some embodiments, a protective coating, that may or may not have a high surface area but does have increased durability, can be formed by heat treating the spheroidized graphite in oxidizing or inert atmospheres.02-14-2013
20090155693DISPERSED SOLUTION OF CARBON-CONTAINING MATERIALS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CURRENT COLLECTORS - A method of preparing a dispersed solution of carbon-containing particles of nanometric size includes: preparing a polymeric matrix of a determined viscosity, then introducing into the matrix a fraction of carbon-containing particles and a fraction of wetting agent, the solvent of the matrix, and maintaining under agitation until a sol of stable viscosity is obtained, these operations being repeated until the carbon-containing particles and the solvent are exhausted. The dispersal solution includes: in a ratio to the total volume of solution: i) 1% to 4%, preferably 2% to 4% (m/v), of carbon-containing particles in suspension, ii) 20% to 40% (v/v) of a polymeric matrix, and iii) a wetting agent, the solvent of the polymeric matrix, said dispersed solution comprising neither binder nor dispersing agent.06-18-2009
20100092867Porous Polymer Electrodes - Porous polymer electrode assemblies are useful in the detection or quantification of a variety of analytes. By preparing a porous monolith, and applying a conductive polymer to the monolith, a porous matrix is prepared that combines favorable conductive properties, by virtue of the presence of the conductive polymer, with the porous character of the underlying monolith. The resulting porous electrode can be used for qualitative or quantitative analysis, and the capture and/or release of selected charged materials, such as nucleic acids. The pores of the electrode matrix may also be filled with nonconductive material, yielding electrodes having a plurality of discrete conductive surfaces.04-15-2010
20100092868CARBON NANOTUBE-COATED SILICON/METAL COMPOSITE PARTICLE, PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF, AND ANODE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME - Disclosed are a carbon nanotube-coated silicon/metal composite particle, a preparation method thereof, an anode for a secondary battery comprising the carbon nanotube-coated silicon/metal composite particle, and a secondary battery comprising the anode, wherein the carbon nanotube-coated silicon/metal composite particle characterized in comprising: a composite particle of silicon and metal; and a carbon nanotube coated on the surface of the composite particle of silicon and metal, wherein the carbon nanotube-coated silicon/metal composite particle may be prepared by preparing composite particle of silicon and metal, followed by treating the composite particles of silicon and metal with heat under a mixed gas atmosphere of an inert gas and a hydrocarbon gas.04-15-2010
20090123843SUPERCAPACITOR AND BATTERY ELECTRODE CONTAINING THERMALLY EXFOLIATED GRAPHITE OXIDE - A supercapacitor or battery electrode containing a modified graphite oxide material, which is a thermally exfoliated graphite oxide with a surface area of from about 300 m05-14-2009
20130052536SILICON-CARBONACEOUS ENCAPSULATED MATERIALS - A process includes preparing a solution including a silicon precursor or mixture of silicon precursors and a monomer or mixture of monomers; polymerizing the monomer to form a polymer-silicon precursor matrix; and pyrolyzing the polymer-silicon precursor matrix to form an electrochemically active carbon-coated silicon material.02-28-2013
20130089790Carbon Electrodes - A self-supporting carbon electrode can include, or consist essentially of, nanostructured carbon, for example, oxygen-functionalized nanostructured carbon.04-11-2013
20130089791ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME - Disclosed are an anode active material for secondary batteries, capable of intercalating and deintercalating ions, comprising a core comprising a crystalline carbon-based material and a composite coating layer comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of low crystalline carbon and amorphous carbon, and a metal and/or a non-metal capable of intercalating and deintercalating ions, wherein the composite coating layer comprises a matrix comprising one component selected from one or more materials selected from the group consisting of low crystalline carbon and amorphous carbon and a metal and/or a non-metal capable of intercalating and deintercalating ions, and a filler comprising the other component, incorporated in the matrix, and a secondary battery comprising the anode active material.04-11-2013
20090305138Composite Carbon Electrodes Useful In Electric Double Layer Capacitors And Capacitive Deionization Methods of Making The Same - Composite carbon electrodes for use in, for example, Capacitive Deionization (CDI) of a fluid stream or, for example, an electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) are described. Methods of making the composite carbon electrodes are also described. The composite carbon electrode comprises an electrically conductive porous matrix comprising carbon; and an electric double layer capacitor, comprising an activated carbonized material, dispersed throughout the pore volume of the electrically conductive porous matrix.12-10-2009
20090305139Electrode material containing mixture of polyvinyl alcohol of high degree of polymerization and polyvinyl pyrrolidone as binder and lithium secondary - An electrode mix comprising a mixture of a polyvinyl alcohol with polyvinyl pyrrolidone as a binder and a lithium secondary battery comprising the same are disclosed. The electrode mix and lithium secondary battery according to the present invention enable stable maintenance of adhesion between active materials and/or adhesion between the active material and current collector and reduction of volumetric changes of anode active materials during repeated charge/discharge cycles, through the use of a polymer having an improved elongation percentage while exhibiting very high adhesive strength, as a binder of an electrode mix. Therefore, the present invention enables production of a large-capacity lithium secondary battery particularly using a silicon- or tin-based anode active material.12-10-2009
20130071752NEGATIVE-ELECTRODE MATERIAL POWDER FOR LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - Provided is a negative-electrode material powder for lithium-ion secondary battery including a silicon-rich layer on the surface of a lower silicon oxide powder, and a negative-electrode material powder for said battery comprising a silicon oxide powder, characterized by satisfying c/d<1, where c is the molar ratio of oxygen to silicon on the surface of the silicon oxide powder and d is that for the entire part thereof. It preferably satisfies one of c<1 and 0.803-21-2013
20130071751POWER STORAGE DEVICE - A power storage device in which charge capacity and discharge capacity are high and deterioration in battery characteristics due to charge/discharge is small is provided. A power storage device in which charge capacity and discharge capacity are high and output characteristics are excellent is provided. A power storage device in which charge capacity and discharge capacity are high and cycle characteristics are excellent is provided. A power storage device includes a negative electrode. The negative electrode includes a current collector, an active material including a plurality of protrusions protruding from the current collector and an outer shell in contact with and attached to surfaces of the plurality of protrusions, and graphene in contact with and attached to the outer shell. Axes of the plurality of protrusions are oriented in the same direction. A common portion may be provided between the current collector and the plurality of protrusions.03-21-2013
20130071750NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery includes a core including a SiO03-21-2013
20130059207NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL - As a negative electrode active material that enables steady production of batteries with excellent low-temperature performance, provided is a composite carbon comprising a low-crystalline carbon material at least partially on surfaces of particles of a high-crystalline carbonaceous substance. The negative electrode active material has a tapped density of 0.9 g/cm03-07-2013
20130059206MATERIAL FOR NEGATIVE ELECTRODES, AND NEGATIVE ELECTRODES AND BATTERIES COMPRISING THIS MATERIAL, AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE MATERIAL - A material for a battery or an accumulator, especially for a negative electrode of an accumulator, for example, a lithium ion secondary battery, the use of such a material, an electrode that includes such a material, a battery having such an electrode, and a process for producing such a material. The material includes carbon, an alloy and/or a mixture of silicon with at least one element of main group 1 of the Periodic Table of the Elements excluding lithium, and optionally at least one further metallic element and production-related impurities, the elements being distributed within a silicon phase in the case of a mixture, and a binder which binds carbon and the alloy and/or the mixture to give a solid material.03-07-2013
20130059205METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL - The method for manufacturing a particulate electrode active material provided by the present invention uses a carbon source supply material prepared by dissolving a carbon source (03-07-2013
20110059364AIR ELECTRODES FOR HIGH-ENERGY METAL AIR BATTERIES AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME - Disclosed herein are embodiments of lithium/air batteries and methods of making and using the same. Certain embodiments are pouch-cell batteries encased within an oxygen-permeable membrane packaging material that is less than 2% of the total battery weight. Some embodiments include a hybrid air electrode comprising carbon and an ion insertion material, wherein the mass ratio of ion insertion material to carbon is 0.2 to 0.8. The air electrode may include hydrophobic, porous fibers. In particular embodiments, the air electrode is soaked with an electrolyte comprising one or more solvents including dimethyl ether, and the dimethyl ether subsequently is evacuated from the soaked electrode. In other embodiments, the electrolyte comprises 10-20% crown ether by weight.03-10-2011
20090269669Negative electrode active material for a lithium rechargeable battery and lithium rechargeable battery comprising the same - Disclosed are a negative electrode active material and a lithium rechargeable battery. The negative electrode active material may include a graphite core being configured to absorb and release lithium. The graphite core may include pores extending from an outer surface of the graphite core to the inside of the graphite core. The pores may include metal nano-particles and amorphous carbon. The lithium rechargeable battery may include a positive electrode plate including a positive electrode active material configured to absorb and release lithium ions, a negative electrode plate including the negative electrode active material configured to absorb and release lithium ions, a separator interposed between the positive electrode and negative electrode plates and electrolyte configured to transport the lithium ions.10-29-2009
20130065131NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY COMPRISING SAME - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery includes: a crystalline carbon core including pores; an amorphous carbon shell positioned on the core surface; metal nanoparticles dispersed inside the pores; and amorphous carbon inside the pores, wherein a first particle diameter difference (D50−D10) of the nanoparticles is from about 70 to about 150 nm and the second particle diameter difference (D90−D50) of the nanoparticles is from about 440 to about 520 nm.03-14-2013
20110020707ELECTRODE COLLECTOR MANUFACTURING METHOD AND MANUFACTURING APPARATUS, AND BATTERY PROVIDED WITH SAID COLLECTOR - An electrode collector manufacturing apparatus (01-27-2011
20110020706NEW ELECTRODE MATERIALS, IN PARTICULAR FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM ION BATTERIES - The method described allows the selection and/or design of anode and cathode materials by n- or p-doping semiconductor material. Such doped materials are suitable for use in electrodes of lithium ion batteries. As one advantage, the anode and the cathode may be produced using anodes and cathodes that are derived from the same semiconductor material.01-27-2011
20130164626BINDER-FREE SULFUR-CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITE CATHODES FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME - The present disclosure includes a sulfur-carbon nanotube composite comprising a sheet of carbon nanotubes and sulfur nucleated upon the carbon nanotubes, and methods for synthesizing the same. In some embodiments, the sulfur-carbon composite may further be binder-free and include a sheet of carbon nanotubes, rendering a binder and a current collector unnecessary. In other embodiments of the present disclosure, a cathode comprising the sulfur-carbon nanotube composite is disclosed. In additional embodiments of the present disclosure, batteries may include the cathodes described herein. Those batteries may achieve high rate capabilities.06-27-2013
20100086856COMPOSITE GRAPHITE PARTICLES FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE-ELECTRODE MATERIAL CONTAINING THE SAME, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE, AND NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY - A subject is to provide a nonaqueous secondary battery which is sufficiently low in charge/discharge irreversible capacity in initial cycling even when an active-material layer comprising a negative-electrode material and formed on a current collector is densified for capacity increase where the subject is accomplished with composite graphite particles for a nonaqueous secondary battery which comprise a composite of spherical graphite particles and a binder graphite and which satisfy at least one of (a) to (g) conditions as presently claimed and a negative electrode produced using the carbonaceous negative-electrode material according to the invention is excellent in electrolytic-solution infiltration and provides a nonaqueous secondary battery having excellent charge/discharge high-load characteristics.04-08-2010
20080299460Anode of lithium battery and method for fabricating the same - An anode of a lithium battery includes a supporting member and a carbon nanotube film disposed on a surface of the support member. The carbon nanotube film includes at least two overlapped and intercrossed layers of carbon nanotubes. Each layer includes a plurality of successive carbon nanotube bundles aligned in the same direction. A method for fabricating the anode of the lithium battery includes the steps of: (a) providing an array of carbon nanotubes; (b) pulling out, by using a tool, at least two carbon nanotube films from the array of carbon nanotubes; and (c) providing a supporting member and disposing the carbon nanotube films to the supporting member along different directions and overlapping with each other to achieving the anode of lithium battery.12-04-2008
20120237830NON-THERMOFUSIBLE PHENOL RESIN POWDER, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, THERMOSETTING RESIN COMPOSITION, SEALING MATERIAL FOR SEMICONDUCTOR, AND ADHESIVE FOR SEMICONDUCTOR - Disclosed is a non-thermofusible phenol resin powder having an average particle diameter of not more than 20 μm and a single particle ratio of not less than 0.7. This non-thermofusible phenol resin powder preferably has a chlorine content of not more than 500 ppm. This non-thermofusible phenol resin powder is useful as an organic filler for sealing materials for semiconductors and adhesives for semiconductors. The non-thermofusible phenol resin powder is also useful as a precursor of functional carbon materials such as a molecular sieve carbon and a carbon electrode material.09-20-2012
20130164625SULFUR-CARBON COMPOSITE CATHODES FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME - This disclosure relates to a method of synthesizing a sulfur-carbon composite comprising forming an aqueous solution of a sulfur-based ion and carbon source, adding an acid to the aqueous solution such that the sulfur-based ion nucleates as sulfur upon the surface of the carbon source; and forming an electrically conductive network from the carbon source. The sulfur-carbon composite includes the electrically conductive network with nucleated sulfur. It also relates to a sulfur-carbon composite comprising a carbon-based material, configured such that the carbon-based material creates an electrically conductive network and a plurality of sulfur granules in electrical communication with the electrically conductive network, and configured such that the sulfur granules are reversibly reactive with alkali metal. It further relates to batteries comprising a cathode comprising such a carbon-based material along with an anode and an electrolyte.06-27-2013
20110117436Silicon Whisker and Carbon Nanofiber Composite Anode - A carbon nanofiber can have a surface and include at least one crystalline whisker extending from the surface of the carbon nanofiber. A battery anode composition can be formed from a plurality of carbon nanofibers each including a plurality of crystalline whiskers.05-19-2011
20110195312CARBON MATERIAL AND ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVICE - Achieved is an electricity storage device having a low internal resistance and a high energy density. In a pore distribution, which is obtained for a carbon material using a BJH method and is plotted on a graph with a pore diameter D on the abscissa and a derivative ΔV/ΔD of a pore volume per unit mass or unit volume with respect to the pore diameter D on the ordinate, a ratio M1/M2 of the maximum value M1 of the derivative ΔV/ΔD in an interval of the pore diameter D from 10 to 100 nm with respect to the maximum value M2 of the derivative ΔV/ΔD in an interval of the pore diameter D from 2 to 10 nm is 1.5 or more.08-11-2011
20110300447Carbon Coated Anode Materials - Nano-colloids of near monodisperse, carbon-coated SnO12-08-2011
20090117467Nano graphene platelet-based composite anode compositions for lithium ion batteries - The present invention provides a nano-scaled graphene platelet-based composite material composition for use as an electrode, particularly as an anode of a lithium ion battery. The composition comprises: (a) micron- or nanometer-scaled particles or coating which are capable of absorbing and desorbing lithium ions; and (b) a plurality of nano-scaled graphene platelets (NGPs), wherein a platelet comprises a graphene sheet or a stack of graphene sheets having a platelet thickness less than 100 nm; wherein at least one of the particles or coating is physically attached or chemically bonded to at least one of the graphene platelets and the amount of platelets is in the range of 2% to 90% by weight and the amount of particles or coating in the range of 98% to 10% by weight. Also provided is a lithium secondary battery comprising such a negative electrode (anode). The battery exhibits an exceptional specific capacity, an excellent reversible capacity, and a long cycle life.05-07-2009
20110281169ELECTRODE FOR A FLOW BATTERY - Enclosed is an electrode for a flow battery, which comprises a graphite felt (11-17-2011
20110136015METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME - A method of producing a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery of the present invention includes the steps of: (1) producing a negative electrode precursor by applying a negative electrode slurry including graphite particles and a binder onto a negative electrode core material and drying the same to form a negative electrode material mixture layer; and (2) producing a negative electrode by compressing while heating the negative electrode precursor at a temperature at which the binder softens. In the step (2), a temperature at which the negative electrode precursor is heated and a force with which the negative electrode precursor is compressed are controlled such that the compressed negative electrode material mixture layer in the negative electrode includes 1.5 g or more of the graphite particles per 1 cm06-09-2011
20100021819Graphene nanocomposites for electrochemical cell electrodes - A composite composition for electrochemical cell electrode applications, the composition comprising multiple solid particles, wherein (a) a solid particle is composed of graphene platelets dispersed in or bonded by a first matrix or binder material, wherein the graphene platelets are not obtained from graphitization of the first binder or matrix material; (b) the graphene platelets have a length or width in the range of 10 nm to 10 μm; (c) the multiple solid particles are bonded by a second binder material; and (d) the first or second binder material is selected from a polymer, polymeric carbon, amorphous carbon, metal, glass, ceramic, oxide, organic material, or a combination thereof. For a lithium ion battery anode application, the first binder or matrix material is preferably amorphous carbon or polymeric carbon. Such a composite composition provides a high anode capacity and good cycling response. For a supercapacitor electrode application, the solid particles preferably have meso-scale pores therein to accommodate electrolyte.01-28-2010
20090274960ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, ANODE, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - The principal object of the present invention is to provide an anode active material suitable for rapid charging. The present invention provides an anode active material comprising a metallic part which comprises Sn or Si and has a film thickness of 0.05 μm or less, and thereby solving the problem.11-05-2009
20090162753SPHERICAL CARBONS AND METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME - The present invention provides a method for preparing spherical carbon comprising step of heat-treating a mixture of a carbon precursor and dispersion media, a spherical non-graphitizable carbon using the same, and a method for preparing spherical artificial graphite.06-25-2009
20090142668CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, CATHODE, AND NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY - The present application provides a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery which includes a cathode having a cathode active material layer, an anode, and a nonaqueous electrolyte, wherein the cathode active material layer includes secondary particles of a lithium phosphate compound having olivine structure, an average particle diameter A of primary particles constituting the secondary particles is 50 nm or more and 500 nm or less, and a ratio B/A of a pore diameter B of the secondary particles to the average particle diameter A of the primary particles is 0.10 or more and 0.90 or less.06-04-2009
20100239914CATHODE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY - The present invention relates to cathodes used in electrochemical cells. A force, or forces, applied to portions of an electrochemical cell as described in this application can reduce irregularity or roughening of an electrode surface of the cell, improving performance. The cathodes described herein may possess enhanced properties that render them particularly suitable for use in electrochemical cells designed to be charged and/or discharged while a force is applied. In some embodiments, the cathode retains sufficient porosity to charge and discharge effectively when a force is applied to the cell. Cathodes described herein may also comprise relatively high electrolyte-accessible conductive material (e.g., carbon) areas. The cathode may comprise a relatively low ratio of the amount of binder and/or mass of electrolyte to cathode active material (e.g., sulfur) ratio in some instances. In some embodiments, electrochemical cells comprising the cathodes described herein may achieve relatively high specific capacities and/or relatively high discharge current densities. In addition, the cathode described herein may exhibit relatively high cathode active material (e.g., sulfur) utilization during charge and discharge. In still further cases, the electrical conductivity between conductive material in the cathode (e.g., carbon) may be enhanced during the application of the force.09-23-2010
20090317720Lithium-Alloying-Material/Carbon Composite - An electrode material having carbon and lithium-alloying-material is provided. The carbon is in the form of a porous matrix having nanoporosity and the lithium-alloying-material is sorbed into the nanoporosity of the carbon matrix. The carbon matrix can have a volume of nanoporosity between 10 and 99%. In addition, the lithium-alloying-material can occupy between 5 to 99% of the nanoporosity. A portion of the carbon structure that is only partially filled with the lithium-alloying-material remains vacant providing room for volume expansion on alloying with lithium and allowing electrolyte egress. In some instances, the nanoporosity has nanopores and nanochannels with an average diameter between 1 nanometer and 999 nanometers. The lithium-alloying-material is sorbed into the nanoporosity using liquid transport or other mechanisms providing a material having intimate contact between the electronically conductive carbon structure and the electroactive lithium-alloying-material.12-24-2009
20100266901Lithium Oxygen Battery Having Enhanced Anode Environment - An anode environment mitigates undesired effects of oxygen upon the anode of a lithium-oxygen electrochemical cell. As a means of mitigating oxygen effect, a lithium anode and an air cathode are separated from one another by a lithium-ion-conductive electrolyte separator including material having low oxygen permeability that reduces the amount of oxygen that contacts the anode. As another means of mitigating oxygen effect, a cell comprises lithium-affinity anode material capable of receiving and retaining lithium in a state that is not significantly adversely affected by the presence of oxygen during cell charging and recharging and an air cathode separated by a lithium-ion-conductive electrolyte separator. Lithium-affinity material is capable of drawing lithium thereinto during charging of the cell and retaining the lithium substantially until discharge of the cell. A cell having a lithium-affinity anode may also have a lithium-ion-conductive electrolyte separator including material having low oxygen permeability.10-21-2010
20120107693NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same. The active material includes a silicon-containing compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1 where Si exists with a concentration gradient from the surface to the center of the negative active material:05-03-2012
20090220863LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY - A lithium ion secondary battery is capable of improving the energy density and power density and excellent in high rate cycle characteristics applicable to hybrid cars, etc. The lithium ion secondary battery including a positive electrode of a lithium transition metal complex oxide, a negative electrode for absorbing/releasing lithium, and a non-aqueous electrolyte containing a lithium salt, in which the negative electrode has a negative electrode active material using a non-graphitizing carbon (spacing d(002) of 0.360 nm or more by XRD) and a graphitizing carbon (spacing d(002) of 0.339 nm or more and less than 0.360 nm by XRD) surface-modified at a thickness in a range from 10 nm to 100 nm in admixture, comprising the non-graphitizing carbon and the graphitizing carbon at a ratio in the range of 90 to 50 wt %:10 to 50 wt % and, further, graphitizing carbon having a grain size larger than that of the non-graphitizing carbon is used.09-03-2009
20110171531Multifunctional Nanocomposites of Carbon Nanotubes and Nanoparticles Formed Via Vacuum Filtration - In one aspect, the present invention provides a method of forming a film of nanocomposites of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and platinum (Pt) nanoparticles. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of (a) providing a first solution that contains a plurality of CNTs, (b) providing a second solution that contains a plurality of Pt nanoparticles, (c) combining the first solution and the second solution to form a third solution, and (d) filtering the third solution through a nanoporous membrane using vacuum filtration to obtain a film of nanocomposites of CNTs and Pt nanoparticles.07-14-2011
20080241696ELECTRODE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE - An electrode is provided as one capable of adequately maintaining voids in a surface layer and an electrochemical device is provided as one using the electrode. The electrode has a current collector, and an active material-containing layer provided on the current collector and containing active material particles, the number of peaks in a particle size distribution of the active material particles in a lower part on the current collector side in the active material-containing layer is larger than the number of peaks in a particle size distribution of the active material particles in a surface part on the opposite side to the current collector in the active material-containing layer, and a thickness of the lower part is not less than 50% nor more than 90% of a total thickness of the surface part and the lower part.10-02-2008
20110171532COMPOSITE GRAPHITE PARTICLE FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL CONTAINING THE SAME, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE AND NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY - To provide a nonaqueous secondary battery exhibiting a sufficiently small charge/discharge irreversible capacity in the initial cycle, exhibiting an excellent charge acceptance and excellent cycle characteristics, even when the negative electrode material-containing active material layer on a current collector is highly densified so as to obtain a high capacity. A composite graphite particle for nonaqueous secondary batteries, which is a composite graphite particle (B) obtained by forming a spherical graphite particle (A) and a graphitized product of graphitizable binder, wherein the spherical graphite particle (A) is a specific graphite particle or the composite graphite particle satisfies (a) and/or (b): 07-14-2011
20100136432NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE HAVING THE SAME AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - A lithium secondary battery including a positive electrode having a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode having a negative electrode active material, a separator separating the positive electrode from the negative electrode and an electrolyte. The negative electrode active material includes a graphite core particle, a carbon layer coating the graphite core particle, and metal particles dispersed in the carbon layer.06-03-2010
20090004569Negative Electrode Material For Lithium-Ion Secondary Batteries and Process of Producing the Same - A lithium-ion secondary battery which has a high reversible capacity and a high initial efficiency while effectively utilizing the excellent rate profile of carbon black, and a process of producing the same are disclosed. The negative electrode material includes composite particles including graphite powder particles, carbon black, and a pitch carbide, the composite particles having an average particle diameter D01-01-2009
20080274407Layered carbon electrodes for capacitive deionization and methods of making the same - Layered carbon electrodes for use in, for example, Capacitive Deionization (CDI) of a fluid stream or, for example, an electric double layer capacitor (EDCL). Methods of making the layered carbon electrodes are also described. The layered carbon electrode comprises an electrically conductive porous layer and an adjacent layer comprising carbon particles in contact with the electrically conductive porous layer. A thermoplastic material is infused in the electrically conductive porous layer and provides a bond to the carbon particles at the interface of the electrically conductive porous layer and the adjacent layer comprising carbon particles.11-06-2008
20080286654NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY - A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery is composed of a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a non-aqueous electrolyte, and the negative electrode has a negative electrode composite layer containing a negative electrode active material and a binder formed on a negative electrode current collector. The negative electrode active material contains a complex alloy powder containing tin, cobalt and carbon and graphite powder, and the negative electrode composite layer formed on the negative electrode current collector has percentage of porosity within the range of 5 to 20 volume %.11-20-2008
20090311604Sulfur-Carbon Material - An electrode material having carbon and sulfur is provided. The carbon is in the form of a porous matrix having nanoporosity and the sulfur is sorbed into the nanoporosity of the carbon matrix. The carbon matrix can have a volume of nanoporosity between 10 and 99%. In addition, the sulfur can occupy between 5 to 99% of the nanoporosity. A portion of the carbon structure that is only partially filled with the sulfur remains vacant allowing electrolyte egress. In some instances, the nanoporosity has nanopores and nanochannels with an average diameter between 1 nanometer and 999 nanometers. The sulfur is sorbed into the nanoporosity using liquid transport or other mechanisms providing a material having intimate contact between the electronically conductive carbon structure and the electroactive sulfur.12-17-2009
20090191462ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, ANODE, BATTERY, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ANODE - A battery that has a higher capacity and superior charge and discharge efficiency is provided. The battery includes a cathode, an anode, and an electrolyte. The anode has an anode active material layer provided on an anode current collector, and the anode active material layer contains a spherocrystal graphitized substance of mesophase spherule provided with a fine pore as an anode active material.07-30-2009
20090297952POSITIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Disclosed is a positive electrode material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary batteries, which comprises a porous body composed of a material containing a polyanion. Also disclosed is a method for producing such a positive electrode material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary batteries. When a carbon coating is formed on the surface of a material containing a polyanion of lithium iron phosphate or the like by a conventional method, the capacity during low rate discharge is improved but the capacity is not sufficient. In the present invention, the positive electrode material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary batteries, which comprises a porous body composed of a material containing a polyanion, has a structure wherein the inner walls of the pores of the porous body are provided with a layered carbon, for improving the discharge capacity.12-03-2009
20090297951ANODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME - Disclosed is anode for use in a lithium ion secondary battery. The anode includes an anode current collector and an anode active material arranged thereon, in which the anode active material contains amorphous carbon and at least one metal dispersed in the amorphous carbon, and the at least one metal is selected from: 30 to 70 atomic percent of Si; and 1 to 40 atomic percent of Sn. The anode gives a lithium ion secondary battery that has a high charge/discharge capacity and is resistant to deterioration of its anode active material even after repetitive charge/discharge cycles.12-03-2009
20090280413CARBON MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY NEGATIVE ELECTRODE, LOW-CRYSTALLINE CARBON IMPREGNATED CARBON MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY NEGATIVE ELECTRODE, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE PLATE, AND LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY - There is obtained a carbon material for lithium-ion secondary battery negative electrode, a low-crystalline carbon impregnated carbon material for lithium-ion secondary battery negative electrode, a negative electrode plate, and a lithium-ion secondary battery, each of which realizes a first charge/discharge cycle with less gas generation and provides a rapid charge/discharge. The carbon material is obtained by: blending and kneading a carbonaceous aggregate with a binder to form a composition; press molding the composition into an article; carbonizing the press molded article; graphitizing the article to obtain an artificial graphite block; milling the block; and carrying out particle size control. The carbon material has characteristics of: (1) R-value=(I11-12-2009
20090053606SURFACE TREATED ANODE AND LITHIUM BATTERY USING THE SAME - A surface treated anode and a lithium battery using the same are provided. The surface treated anode includes a current collector, and an anode active material layer formed on the current collector. The anode active material layer is treated with an amine group containing compound.02-26-2009
20090117469POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - A positive electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery including a lithium-containing transition metal oxide having a closest-packed cubic structure of oxygen, the lithium-containing transition metal oxide having a composition represented by the formula (1):05-07-2009
20080261116METHOD OF DEPOSITING SILICON ON CARBON MATERIALS AND FORMING AN ANODE FOR USE IN LITHIUM ION BATTERIES - A method of modifying the surface of carbon materials such as vapor grown carbon nanofibers is provided in which silicon is deposited on vapor grown carbon nanofibers using a chemical vapor deposition process. The resulting silicon-carbon alloy may be used as an anode in a rechargeable lithium ion battery.10-23-2008
20100178564ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME - The present invention provides a highly reliable energy storage device capable of preventing a reaction current from flowing in a carbon nanotube electrode by ionizing a catalyst metal or a substrate metal to cause the metal to flow out to an electrolytic solution. An energy storage device of the present invention includes: at least a pair of electrode bodies that are a cathode and an anode; and an electrolytic solution. At least one of the electrode bodies is configured such that a layer of carbon nanotubes is formed on an electric conductor. A coupling region where one ends of the carbon nanotubes are coupled to and electrically connected to the electric conductor and a non-coupling region where ends of the carbon nanotubes are not coupled to the electric conductor are formed on a surface of the electric conductor. The carbon nanotubes having one ends connected to the coupling region are toppled to cover a surface of the non-coupling region.07-15-2010
20100151328Activated Carbon Materials For High Energy Density Ultracapacitors - An activated carbon material derived, for example, by carbonizing and activating a non-lignocellulosic carbon precursor has a structural order ratio less than or equal to 0.08, and a nitrogen content greater than 0.2 wt. %. The activated carbon material can also have a volumetric capacitance greater than or equal to 70 F/cm06-17-2010
20100261061Positive electrode material for lithium secondary battery, positive electrode plate for lithium secondary battery, and lithium secondary battery using the same - A positive electrode material for a lithium secondary battery according to the invention includes a positive electrode active material containing lithium oxide and a carbon composite obtained by dispersing carbon fiber and a clamped shape carbon material, and the positive electrode active material is combined with the carbon composite. In the positive electrode material for a lithium secondary battery constructed as described above, a conductive network between primary particles is formed by the carbon composite while the positive electrode active material (primary particles) are condensed to form secondary particles.10-14-2010
20100261062CRIMPED CARBON FIBER AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF - An electrode comprising a crimped carbon fiber having a multilayer structure comprising a hollow structure in the inside, with the inner layer part having a carbon structure containing a herringbone structure and the outer layer part having a carbon structure differing from the carbon structure of the inner part.10-14-2010
20100255377NONAQUEOUS LITHIUM-TYPE STORAGE ELEMENT - This invention provides a nonaqueous lithium-type storage element using an activated carbon having a specific porous structure in a positive electrode. A storage element using a conventional carbonaceous material in a positive electrode has a problem that, although the capacitance is large, the output characteristics are disadvantageously unsatisfactory. The nonaqueous lithium-type storage element using a material, which can occlude and release lithium ions in a negative electrode, can improve output characteristics while maintaining the energy density of the storage element at a substantially equal value by using, in a positive electrode, an activated carbon, satisfying 0.310-07-2010
20100255376GAS PHASE DEPOSITION OF BATTERY SEPARATORS - In certain embodiments, a gas phase deposited porous separator is provided. The porous separator can be deposited onto an electrode. The electrode can include at least one cavity or protrusion, and the separator layer can be gas phase deposited onto a surface of the at least one cavity or protrusion. In certain embodiments, a method of gas phase depositing a separator layer is provided.10-07-2010
20100248034COMPOSITE MATERIAL FOR POSITIVE ELECTRODE OF LITHIUM BATTERY - The present invention provides a composite material for positive electrodes of lithium batteries, which provides a lithium battery having excellent high rate electrical discharge characteristics, has a sufficiently secured diffusion passage for Li, and has high conductivity, a process for producing the same, as well as a positive electrode and a battery using the composite material for positive electrodes of lithium batteries. The present invention relates to a composite material for positive electrodes of lithium batteries, comprising composite particles containing positive electrode active material particles and fibrous carbons, wherein the composite particles have a form in which the positive electrode active material particles are supported by the fibrous carbons.09-30-2010
20120141876LITHIUM ION-SULFUR BATTERY - The present invention provides a lithium ion-sulfur battery including a lithium metal used as a supply source of lithium ions, a sulfur electrode used as a positive electrode and an intercalation electrode. The intercalation electrode is (i) interposed between the lithium metal and the sulfur electrode, (ii) has a structure capable of causing an intercalation reaction, and (iii) is used as a negative electrode after the lithium ions are intercalated from the lithium metal to be charged and discharged together with the sulfur electrode. The lithium metal is used only to intercalate the lithium ions into the intercalation electrode during initial use, and the intercalation electrode, into which the lithium ions are intercalated, is used as a negative electrode during actual use. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the formation of dendrite caused when the lithium ions are used as the negative electrode, and thus the charge/discharge durability is improved.06-07-2012
20100297501NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME - The objects of the present invention are to provide a negative electrode for lithium secondary battery which can simultaneously satisfy high energy density and good charge/discharge cyclic characteristics, and to provide a lithium secondary battery which uses the negative electrode. 11-25-2010
20100297502Nanostructured Materials for Battery Applications - The present invention relates to nanostructured materials (including nanowires) for use in batteries. Exemplary materials include carbon-comprising, Si-based nanostructures, nanostructured materials disposed on carbon-based substrates, and nanostructures comprising nanoscale scaffolds. The present invention also provides methods of preparing battery electrodes, and batteries, using the nanostructured materials.11-25-2010
20090117466Hybrid anode compositions for lithium ion batteries - The present invention provides an exfoliated graphite-based hybrid material composition for use as an electrode, particularly as an anode of a lithium ion battery. The composition comprises: (a) micron- or nanometer-scaled particles or coating which are capable of absorbing and desorbing alkali or alkaline metal ions (particularly, lithium ions); and (b) exfoliated graphite flakes that are substantially interconnected to form a porous, conductive graphite network comprising pores, wherein at least one of the particles or coating resides in a pore of the network or attached to a flake of the network and the exfoliated graphite amount is in the range of 5% to 90% by weight and the amount of particles or coating is in the range of 95% to 10% by weight. Also provided is a lithium secondary battery comprising such a negative electrode (anode). The battery exhibits an exceptional specific capacity, excellent reversible capacity, and long cycle life.05-07-2009
20100310939NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL - A negative electrode active material characterized in that carbonaceous matter essentially consisting of carbon adheres to the surface of a tin particle essentially consisting of tin, with a mixture phase, in which tin and carbon are mixed, interposed between the carbonaceous matter and the tin particle.12-09-2010
20130136995NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL - A negative active material and a lithium battery including the negative active material. The negative active material includes a carbonaceous substrate with a plurality of recessed portions at its surface; and a silicon-based nanowire placed in each of the recessed portions. The negative active material provides the silicon-based nanowires with separate places to control volumetric expansion of the silicon-based nanowires, and thus, a lithium battery including the negative active material has improved efficiency and lifetime.05-30-2013
20130136996ASYMMETRIC HYBRID LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY HAVING BUNDLE TYPE SILICON NANO-ROD - Disclosed are a metallic nano-structure material in which an energy storage capacity based on electrochemical reaction with lithium is improved by 10 times or more compared to a conventional graphite material and power characteristics are excellent, an electrode composed of the metallic nano-structure material, and a lithium ion asymmetric secondary battery including the electrode as an anode. When using the electrode for the lithium ion asymmetric secondary battery, energy larger than with the graphite material can be stored with very thin thickness due to the high-capacity feature of the metallic material and the high-power feature can be achieved by the nano structure, such that energy density can be innovatively improved in the same weight condition when compared to a conventional lithium ion capacitor, and the lithium ion asymmetric secondary battery including the electrode can be used for renewable energy storage, ubiquitous power supply, heavy machinery, vehicle power source, etc.05-30-2013
20110111303ELECTRODE MATERIAL COMPRISING GRAPHENE COMPOSITE MATERIALS IN A GRAPHITE NETWORK FORMED FROM RECONSTITUTED GRAPHENE SHEETS - A durable electrode material suitable for use in Li ion batteries is provided. The material is comprised of a continuous network of graphite regions integrated with, and in good electrical contact with a composite comprising graphene sheets and an electrically active material, such as silicon, wherein the electrically active material is dispersed between, and supported by, the graphene sheets.05-12-2011
20110111304PRELOADING LITHIUM ION CELL COMPONENTS WITH LITHIUM - Provided are novel negative electrodes for use in lithium ion cells. The negative electrodes include one or more high capacity active materials, such as silicon, tin, and germanium, and a lithium containing material prior to the first cycle of the cell. In other words, the cells are fabricated with some, but not all, lithium present on the negative electrode. This additional lithium may be used to mitigate lithium losses, for example, due to Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) layer formation, to maintain the negative electrode in a partially charged state at the end of the cell discharge cycle, and other reasons. In certain embodiments, a negative electrode includes between about 5% and 25% of lithium based on a theoretical capacity of the negative active material. In the same or other embodiments, a total amount of lithium available in the cell exceeds the theoretical capacity of the negative electrode active material.05-12-2011
20110008678ELECTRODE MATERIALS FOR SECONDARY (RECHARGEABLE) ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS AND THEIR METHOD OF PREPARATION - An electrode material for a rechargeable electrochemical cell comprises a metal phosphate of general composition M1M2PO01-13-2011
20110244334NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY BATTERY WITH NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY BATTERY WITH NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY - The present invention is a negative electrode material for a secondary battery with a non-aqueous electrolyte comprising at least a silicon-silicon oxide composite and a carbon coating formed on a surface of the silicon-silicon oxide composite, wherein at least the silicon-silicon oxide composite is doped with lithium, and a ratio I(SiC)/I(Si) of a peak intensity I(SiC) attributable to SiC of 2θ=35.8±0.2° to a peak intensity I(Si) attributable to Si of 2θ=28.4±0.2° satisfies a relation of I(SiC)/I(Si)≦0.03, when x-ray diffraction using Cu—Kα ray. As a result, there is provided a negative electrode material for a secondary battery with a non-aqueous electrolyte that is superior in first efficiency and cycle durability to a conventional negative electrode material.10-06-2011
20100062338NANOSTRUCTURED ANODE FOR HIGH CAPACITY RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES - Nanostructured anodes for high capacity rechargeable batteries are provided according to various aspects of the disclosure. The nanostructure anodes may comprise silicon nanoparticles for the active material of the anodes to increase the storage capacity of the batteries. The silicon nanoparticles are able to move relative to one another to accommodate volume expansion during lithium intercalation, and therefore mitigate active material degradation due to volume expansion. The anodes may also comprise elastomeric binders that bind the silicon nanoparticles together and prevent capacity loss due to separation and electrical isolation of the silicon nanoparticles.03-11-2010
20110097629Negative Active Material for Rechargeable Lithium Battery and Rechargeable Lithium Battery Including Same - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same. The negative active material includes Si-based material core, a carbon coating layer coating the surface of the Si-based material core, and an inorganic salt position on the surface of the carbon coating layer.04-28-2011
20100136431ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, ANODE INCLUDING THE ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE ANODE, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE ANODE - An anode active material for lithium batteries, an anode including the anode active material, a method of manufacturing the anode, and a lithium battery including the anode. The anode active material includes secondary particles formed of agglomerated primary nanoparticles. The primary nanoparticles include a non-carbonaceous material bound with hollow carbon nanofibers. The anode includes the anode active material and a polymeric binder having an electron donor group.06-03-2010
20090214954NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY CELLS, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY CELLS, AND NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY CELL - A negative electrode material for a nonaqueous secondary battery capable of realizing a nonaqueous secondary battery having a small charging/discharging irreversible capacity at an initial cycle, exhibiting an excellent high-rate charging/discharging characteristics and an excellent cycle performances, and having no electrodeposition problem is provided. The main component of the material is graphite particles. The median diameter of the graphite particles is 5 μm or more, and 40 μm or less in the volume-basis particle size distribution based on the laser diffraction/scattering particle size distribution measurement. The tapping density of the negative electrode material is 0.7 g/cm08-27-2009
20120148922NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Provided is a negative electrode for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the negative electrode having a high capacity and exhibits excellent output/input characteristics in charge and discharge in a low temperature environment and at a high current density. The negative electrode includes a core material, and a negative electrode material mixture layer adhering to the core material. The negative electrode material mixture layer includes a particulate carbon material. The particulate carbon material has a breaking strength of 100 MPa or more. In a diffraction pattern of the negative electrode material mixture layer measured by wide-angle X-ray diffractometry, the ratio of I(101) to I(100) satisfies 1.006-14-2012
20090023072Carbon-Material for Lithium Battery and Lithium Battery - To provide a carbon material from which lithium battery whose discharge capacity is large and which is good in terms of output characteristic is obtainable.01-22-2009
20120171572CARBON MATERIAL FOR NEGATIVE ELECTRODE OF LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - To provide a negative electrode carbon material capable of suppressing capacity degradation which will occur due to repetition of a charge/discharge cycle, storage under a charged state, float charging, or the like. An artificial graphite for a negative electrode of a lithium secondary battery having a c-axis crystallite size L (112) of from 2.0 to 4.2 nm as calculated from a (112) diffraction line obtained by X-ray wide-angle diffractometry and having a half-value width Δν07-05-2012
20090117468ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME - An anode active material that can prominently improve lifetime characteristics of a lithium secondary battery includes carbon nanotubes and silicon particles located in an internal space of the carbon nanotubes. The anode active material is manufactured by removing end caps of the carbon nanotubes to provide carbon nanotubes having lengths in the range of 0.1 to 10 μm, and filling an interior space of the carbon nanotubes with silicon particles. In addition, a lithium secondary battery comprises an anode including an anode collector and the anode active material, a cathode including a cathode collector and cathode active material, and a separator interposed between the anode and the cathode. The anode active material includes carbon nanotubes and silicon particles located in internal spaces of the carbon nanotube.05-07-2009
20110177393COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE - Composite materials and methods of forming composite materials are provided. The composite materials described herein can be utilized as an electrode material for a battery. In certain embodiments, the composite material includes greater than 0% and less than about 90% by weight silicon particles, and greater than 0% and less than about 90% by weight of one or more types of carbon phases. At least one of the one or more types of carbon phases can be a substantially continuous phase. The method of forming a composite material can include providing a mixture that includes a precursor and silicon particles, and pyrolysing the precursor to convert the precursor into one or more types of carbon phases to form the composite material.07-21-2011
20080311476ELECTRODE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE - An electrode has a current collector, and an active material-containing layer provided on the current collector and containing active material particles and ceramic particles, and a weight concentration of the ceramic particles to the active material particles in a surface part in the active material-containing layer on the opposite side to the current collector is higher than a weight concentration of the ceramic particles to the active material particles in a lower part in the active material-containing layer on the current collector side. Furthermore, the thickness of the surface part is not less than 30% nor more than 60% of the total thickness of the surface part and the lower part.12-18-2008
20080280207Material Based on Carbon and Silicon Nanotubes that Can be Used in Negative Electrodes for Lithium Batteries - The invention relates to a material comprising carbon nanotubes, deposited at the surface of each of which is a substantially continuous film of nanoscale silicon particles, that can be used in negative electrodes for a lithium battery.11-13-2008
20110052996LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY - A lithium-ion secondary battery comprises a negative electrode active material, a positive electrode active material, and an electrolytic solution. The negative electrode active material contains elemental silicon or a silicon-containing alloy. The electrolytic solution has a lithium salt and a solvent. The solvent contains a cyclic carbonate, a chain carbonate, fluoroethylene carbonate represented by the formula (1), and 1,3-propane sultone. In the electrolytic solution, fluoroethylene carbonate has a mass concentration Cf of 0.1 to 3 mass %, 1,3-propane sultone has a mass concentration Cp of 0.1 to 3 mass %, and Cf>Cp.03-03-2011
20110027655Electrodes Including Collar Stop - An electrode including structures configured to prevent an intercalation layer from detaching from the electrode and/or a structure configured to create a region on the electrode having a lower concentration of intercalation material. The electrode includes a support filament on which the intercalation layer is disposed. The support filament optionally has nano-scale dimensions.02-03-2011
20110262812NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, PREPARATION METHOD OF THE SAME, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY CONTAINING THE SAME - The present invention relates to a negative electrode active material for a lithium secondary battery, a preparation method thereof, and a lithium secondary battery containing the negative electrode active material. The negative electrode active material for the lithium secondary battery according to the present invention is formed by mixing: a carbon material coated with vapor growth carbon fiber (VGCF) and amorphous graphite; and one or more kinds of other carbon material selected from natural graphite, artificial graphite, amorphous-coated graphite, resin-coated graphite and amorphous carbon. According to the present invention, when the negative electrode active material is prepared, the carbon fiber is uniformly dispersed throughout the carbon material, and the carbon material is coated with the amorphous graphite and then mixed with other carbon materials, and thus, a high electrode density can be achieved. Accordingly, even with high electrode density, the invention can provide the negative electrode active material with excellent electrochemical properties such as charge/discharge efficiency and cycle characteristics.10-27-2011
20110136014LITHIUM METAL PHOSPHATE/CARBON NANOCOMPOSITES AS CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIALS FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES - A process for the synthesis of lithium metal phosphate/carbon nanocomposites as cathode active materials in rechargeable electrochemical cells comprising mixing and reacting precursors of lithium, transition metal(s) and phosphate with high surface area activated carbon, preferably phosphorylated carbon.06-09-2011
20110136013Material for coating a positive electrode of a lithium-ion battery and a method for making the same - A method is disclosed for coating a positive active material of a lithium-ion battery. The method includes the step of dissolving at least one salt that contains a coating metal in a solvent to provide a solution, the step of dissolving a lithium-containing positive active material in the solution and adjusting the pH value of the solution to deposit M(OH)06-09-2011
20110076565Negative active material for rechargeable lithium battery, method of preparing the same, and rechargeable lithium battery including the same - The present invention provides a negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, including an inner layer including a material being capable of doping and dedoping lithium, a carbon layer outside the inner layer, and an outer layer disposed on the carbon layer and including a material being capable of doping and dedoping lithium. The materials being capable of doping and dedoping lithium included in the inner layer and in the outer layer may be the same or different from each other.03-31-2011
20100159331NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE INCLUDING THE SAME, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE - A negative active material, a negative electrode including the negative active material, a method of manufacturing the negative electrode, and a lithium battery including the negative electrode. The negative active material includes a composite including a non-carbonaceous material, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and carbon nanoparticles. The carbon nanoparticles are formed by carbonizing a polymer of carbonizable monomers.06-24-2010
20120308894POWER STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A negative electrode and a power storage device are provided, which have one of an alloy-based particle and an alloy-based whisker and a carbon film including 1 to 50 graphene layers. A surface of the alloy-based particle or the alloy-based whisker is covered with the carbon film. In addition, a method of manufacturing a negative electrode and a method of manufacturing a power storage device are provided, which have the step of mixing an alloy-based particle or an alloy-based whisker with graphene oxide, and the step of heating the mixture in a vacuum or in a reducing atmosphere.12-06-2012
20100021820Negative electrode material for lithium ion secondary battery and method for producing the same - A negative electrode material for lithium ion secondary batteries includes core-shell composite particles prepared by covering the surface of a graphite powder with an amorphous carbon powder via a carbide of binder pitch, the graphite powder having an average particle diameter of 5 to 30 μm and an average lattice spacing d(002) of less than 0.3360 nm, and the amorphous carbon powder having an average particle diameter of 0.05 to 2 μm and an average lattice spacing d(002) of 0.3360 nm or more. A method to produce the negative electrode material includes mixing a graphite powder with pitch having a softening point of 70 to 250° C., adding an amorphous carbon powder to the resulting product, kneading the mixture while applying a mechanical impact to soften the pitch, so that the amorphous carbon powder is dispersed and stabilized in the pitch that has softened, and carbonizing the pitch by heat treatment of the mixture at 750 to 2250° C. in a non-oxidizing atmosphere. The negative electrode material exhibits an excellent rate performance, a high reversible capacity, and a high first cycle charge-discharge efficiency.01-28-2010
20090029256SI/C COMPOSITE, ANODE ACTIVE MATERIALS, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - An Si/C composite includes carbon (C) dispersed in porous silicon (Si) particles. The Si/C composite may be used to form an anode active material to provide a lithium battery having a high capacity and excellent capacity retention.01-29-2009
20110305956ELECTRODE CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL, ELECTRODE MATERIAL INCLUDING THE CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL, AND ELECTRODE AND LITHIUM BATTERY EACH INCLUDING THE ELECTRODE MATERIAL - An electrode conductive material, an electrode material including the electrode conductive material, an electrode including the electrode material, and a lithium battery including the electrode material. When the electrode conductive material is used, the amount of a conductive material required is decreased, capacity of the lithium battery is improved, and a charge and discharge rate is increased.12-15-2011
20100273060HIGH-THROUGHPUT SOLUTION PROCESSING OF LARGE SCALE GRAPHENE AND DEVICE APPLICATIONS - A method of producing carbon macro-molecular structures includes dissolving a graphitic material in a solvent to provide a suspension of carbon-based macro-molecular structures in the solvent, and obtaining a plurality of the carbon macro-molecular structures from the suspension. The plurality of carbon macro-molecular structures obtained from the suspension each consists essentially of carbon. A material according to some embodiments of the current invention is produced according to the method of producing carbon macro-molecular structures. An electrical, electronic or electro-optic device includes material produced according to the methods of the current invention. A composite material according to some embodiments of the current invention has carbon macro-molecular structures produced according to methods of producing carbon macro-molecular structures according to some embodiments of the current invention. A hydrogen storage device according to some embodiments of the current invention has carbon macro-molecular structures produced according to methods of producing carbon macro-molecular structures according to some embodiments of the current invention. An electrode according to some embodiments of the current invention has carbon macro-molecular structures produced according to methods of producing carbon macro-molecular structures according to some embodiments of the current invention.10-28-2010
20110065005ROTARY KILN AND BATTERY MATERIAL MANUFACTURED BY THE ROTARY KILN - A rotary kiln includes a cylindrical shell that rotates about its own axis and that has a heat treatment chamber provided radially inward of the shell. In the rotary kiln, a heat treatment is performed on a process material in the heat treatment chamber to manufacture a battery material. The shell is made of a carbon material. Since the shell is made of a carbon material, the rotary kiln can suppress contamination of metal scale, which adversely affects the battery material, into the battery material.03-17-2011
20090047579Carbon anode compositions for lithium ion batteries - A lithium secondary battery comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode comprising a carbonaceous material which is capable of absorbing and desorbing lithium ions, and a non-aqueous electrolyte disposed between the negative electrode and the positive electrode. The carbonaceous material comprises a graphite crystal structure having an interplanar spacing d02-19-2009
20090136849Composite carbon material of negative electrode in lithuim ion battery and its preparation method - A composite carbon material of negative electrode in lithium ion, which is made of composite graphite, includes a spherical graphite and a cover layer, wherein the cover layer is pyrolytic carbon of organic substance. Inserted transition metal elements are contained between layers of graphite crystal. Preparation of the negative electrode includes the steps of: crushing graphite, shaping to form a spherical shape, purifying treatment, washing, dewatering and drying, dipped in salt solution doped by transition metal in multivalence, mixed with organic matter, covering treatment, and carbonizing treatment or graphitization treatment. The negative electrode provides advantages of reversible specific capacity larger than 350 mAh/g, coulomb efficiency higher than 94% at first cycle, conservation rate for capacity larger than 8-% in 500 times of circulation.05-28-2009
20110318642CONDUCTIVE SHEET AND ELECTRODE - The present invention provides a conductive sheet having a surface resistance of 10 Ω/sq or lower on both surfaces, the conductive sheet comprising a sheet (A) and a sheet (B) laminated to the sheet (A), the sheet (A) having an apparent specific gravity of 0.05 g/cm12-29-2011
20110318641PLATE-LIKE PARTICLE OF CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, CATHODE OF THE LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - To provide a lithium secondary battery which has high capacity while maintaining excellent charge-discharge characteristic, and to provide a cathode of the lithium secondary battery and a plate-like particle for cathode active material to be contained in the cathode. The plate-like particle of cathode active material for a lithium secondary battery of the present invention has a layered rock salt structure, a thickness of 5 μm or more and less than 30 μm, 2 or less of [003]/[104] which is a ratio of intensity of X-ray diffraction by the (003) plane to intensity of X-ray diffraction by the (104) plane, a voidage of 3% or more and less than 30%, and an open pore ratio of 70% or higher.12-29-2011
20090258298Graphite Particle, Carbon-Graphite Composite Particle and Their Production Processes - The present invention relates to a graphite particle and a carbon-graphite composite particle both suitable for use in electrode for lithium ion secondary battery, as well as to processes for producing these particles.10-15-2009
20120045695Negative electrode for a rechargeable lithium battery and rechargeable lithium battery including the same - A negative electrode for a rechargeable lithium battery and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same, the negative electrode including a negative active material; and a lithium ion adsorbent having a specific surface area of about 10 m02-23-2012
20120003544ELECTRODE STRUCTURE, CAPACITOR, BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE STRUCTURE - Provided are an electrode structure which is excellent in adhesiveness between an aluminum material as a base material and a dielectric layer and adhesiveness between the dielectric layers and allows a higher capacitance than the conventional one to be obtained, even when a thickness of the dielectric layer is thick; a method for manufacturing the above-mentioned electrode structure; and a capacitor and a battery, each of which includes the above-mentioned electrode structure. An electrode structure comprises: an aluminum material; a dielectric layer formed on a surface of the aluminum material; and an interposing layer formed in at least one part of a region of the surface of the aluminum material between the aluminum material and the dielectric layer and including aluminum and carbon, the dielectric layer includes dielectric particles including valve metal, and an organic substance layer is formed on at least one part of a surface of the dielectric particle. A mixture layer of dielectric particles including the valve metal and a binder is formed on a surface of the aluminum material, and thereafter, the aluminum material is heated in a state where the aluminum material is placed in a space including a hydrocarbon-containing substance.01-05-2012
20090104535ANODE FOR A LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY AND LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY USING THE SAME - An anode for a lithium rechargeable battery includes an active material layer that includes a metal-carbon composite active material including a carbonaceous active material and at least one active material selected from the group consisting of a metal or a metal oxide, graphite particles having surfaces that are coated or partially coated with a resin f, and a binder that binds and fixes the active material particles and the graphite particles to each other. The anode further includes a collector on which the active material layer is disposed. The resin-coated graphite particles maintain multiple conductive contact surfaces between the active material particles due to adhesiveness of the resin even when the volume of the metal-carbon composite active material particles is changed during charging and discharging, and prevent a reduction of the battery capacity and improve the lifetime of the battery.04-23-2009
20110045354ARTIFICIAL GRAPHITE PARTICLES AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY CELL NEGATIVE ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY CELL - Artificial graphite particles, having a secondary particle structure in which a plurality of primary particles composed of graphite are clustered or bonded together, and having a layer structure in which the edge portion of the primary particles is bent in a polyhedral shape.02-24-2011
20120208088HIGH SURFACE AREA NANO-STRUCTURED GRAPHENE COMPOSITES AND CAPACITIVE DEVICES INCORPORATING THE SAME - A carbon composite material, including a plurality of spaced graphene sheets, each respective sheet having opposed generally planar surfaces, and a plurality of functionalized carbonaceous particles. At least some functionalized carbonaceous particles are disposed between any two adjacent graphene sheets, and each respective at least some functionalized carbonaceous particle is attached to both respective any two adjacent graphene sheets. Each respective graphene sheet comprises at least one layer of graphene and at least portions of respective any two adjacent graphene sheets are oriented substantially parallel with one another.08-16-2012
20100068626NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE BATTERY - A negative electrode material for lithium secondary batteries includes carbon microspheres having an arithmetic mean particle diameter do measured using an electron microscope of 150 to 1000 nm, a volatile content Vm of 5.0% or less, a ratio ΔDst/Dst (where, Dst indicates the Stokes mode diameter Dst measured using a disk centrifuge (DCF), and ΔDst indicates the half-width of the Stokes mode diameter Dst) of 0.40 to 1.10, and a lattice spacing (d002) measured by X-ray diffractometry of 0.370 nm or less. The negative electrode material is used for a high-output lithium secondary battery that has a high lithium ion doping-undoping speed and excellent cycle characteristics, and is suitable as a power supply for portable instruments, hybrid cars, electric vehicles, and the like.03-18-2010
20120115033Negative Active Material for Rechargeable Lithium Battery and Rechargeable Lithium Battery Including Same - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery includes a core including crystalline carbon, a metal nano particle and a MO05-10-2012
20110165467NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - Disclosed are a negative electrode for a rechargeable lithium battery and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same. The negative electrode includes a current collector, a negative active material composition layer disposed on the surface of the current collector and including a negative active material, and an inorganic salt layer disposed on the surface of the negative active material composition layer and including an inorganic salt. The negative active material includes a silicon-based core and a carbon layer disposed on the surface of the silicon-based core. The inorganic salt includes an alkaline metal cation selected from a Na cation, a K cation, or a combination thereof; and an anion selected from a carbonate anion, a halogen anion, or a combination thereof.07-07-2011
20110165466Lithium metal-sulfur and lithium ion-sulfur secondary batteries containing a nano-structured cathode and processes for producing same - An electrochemical cell comprising an anode, electrolyte or an electrolyte/separator combination, and a nano-structured cathode, wherein the cathode comprises: (a) an integrated nano-structure of electrically conductive nanometer-scaled filaments that are interconnected to form a porous network of electron-conducting paths comprising pores with a size smaller than 100 nm (preferably smaller than 10 nm), wherein the filaments have a transverse dimension less than 500 nm (preferably less than 100 nm); and (b) powder or salt of lithium-containing sulfide (lithium polysulfide) disposed in the pores, or a thin coating of lithium-containing sulfide deposited on a nano-scaled filament surface wherein the lithium-containing sulfide is in contact with, dispersed in, or dissolved in electrolyte liquid and the lithium-containing sulfide-to-filament weight ratio is between 1/10 and 10/1 which is measured when the cell is in a fully discharged state. The cell exhibits an exceptionally high specific energy and a long cycle life.07-07-2011
20110165468PROCESS FOR PREPARING A SILICON/CARBON COMPOSITE MATERIAL, MATERIAL THUS PREPARED AND ELECTRODE NOTABLY NEGATIVE ELECTRODE COMPRISING THIS MATERIAL - Process for preparing composite silicon/carbon material composed of carbon-coated silicon particles, wherein the following successive steps are carried out: silicon particles are mixed with a solution of an oxygen-free polymer in a solvent, whereby a dispersion of silicon particles in the polymer solution is obtained; the dispersion obtained in step a) is subjected to a spray-drying operation whereby a composite silicon/polymer material consisting of silicon particles coated with the polymer is obtained; the material obtained in step a) is pyrolyzed whereby the composite silicon/carbon material composed of carbon-coated silicon particles is obtained.07-07-2011
20120058397Graphene-Enhanced cathode materials for lithium batteries - A nano graphene-enhanced particulate for use as a lithium battery cathode active material, wherein the particulate is formed of a single or a plurality of graphene sheets and a plurality of fine cathode active material particles with a size smaller than 10 μm (preferably sub-micron or nano-scaled), and the graphene sheets and the particles are mutually bonded or agglomerated into an individual discrete particulate with at least a graphene sheet embracing the cathode active material particles, and wherein the particulate has an electrical conductivity no less than 1003-08-2012
20120208089CARBON MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY CELL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY CELL AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY CELL - Disclosed is a carbon material for lithium ion secondary cell having a positron lifetime of 370 picoseconds or longer, and 480 picoseconds or shorter, when measured by positron annihilation spectroscopy under conditions (A) to (E) below: 08-16-2012
20120070745NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - Disclosed are a negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same. The active material includes a silicon-containing compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1.03-22-2012
20120156567Novel sulphur-modified monolithic porous carbon-based material process for the preparation thereof and uses thereof in the storage and release of energy - A subject-matter of the invention is a novel process for the preparation of sulphur-modified monolithic porous carbon-based materials by impregnation with a strong sulphur-based acid, the materials capable of being obtained according to this process and the use of these materials with improved supercapacitance properties to produce electrodes intended for energy storage systems.06-21-2012
20110091773Nano-Structured Lithium-Sulfur Battery And Method Of Making Same - An apparatus includes a first conductive substrate (e.g., a metal foil) having a first surface; a plurality of conductive stalks (e.g., carbon nano-tubes) extending from the first surface; an electrically insulating coating (e.g., sulfur) about the carbon stalks; a second conductive substrate (e.g., a lithium oxide foil); and an electrolyte (e.g., a polymer electrolyte) disposed between the first surface of the first conductive substrate and the second conductive substrate. In various embodiments: the sulfur is disposed at a thickness of about 3 nanometers +−1 nanometer; the stalks are at a density such that a gap between them as is between 2 and 200 diameters of an ion transported through the electrolyte; and there is a separator layer within the electrolyte having a porosity amenable to passage by such ions. Also detailed is a method for making the foil with the coated carbon nano-tubes.04-21-2011
20100239913EXTERNAL STABILIZATION OF CARBON FOAM - According to one aspect, the present disclosure is directed toward an electrode plate for an energy storage device. The electrode plate may include a carbon foam current collector and an external restraint structure. A chemically active material may be disposed on the carbon foam current collector.09-23-2010
20120121988NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY HAVING THE SAME - Disclosed are a negative active material for a lithium secondary battery and a lithium secondary battery including same. The negative active material for a lithium secondary battery includes an amorphous carbon material, with a tap density of 0.7 to 1.5 g/cm05-17-2012
20120121987AMORPHOUS CARBON MATERIAL FOR NEGATIVE ELECTRODE OF LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - The amorphous carbon material for the negative electrode of a lithium ion secondary battery of the invention has a true density of 1.800-2.165 g/cm05-17-2012
20090130562Carbon-Coated Silicon Particle Powder as the Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries and Method of Making the Same - A process for the production of coated silicon/carbon particles comprising: 05-21-2009
20090130561NON-AQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY-USE GRAPHITE COMPOSITE PARTICLE, CATHODE ACTIVE SUBSTANCE MATERIAL CONTAINING IT, CATHODE AND NON-AQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY - To provide a nonaqueous secondary battery ensuring that a charge-discharge irreversible capacity at an initial cycle is sufficiently small even when an active material layer comprising a negative electrode active material on a current collector is increased in a density for obtaining a high capacity.05-21-2009
20120135312NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Provided is a negative electrode for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the negative electrode being unlikely to cause changes in thickness even when subjected repeated charge/discharge over a long period of time. The negative electrode includes a core material, and a negative electrode material mixture layer adhering to the core material. The negative electrode material mixture layer includes a particulate carbon material. The particulate carbon material has a breaking strength of 100 MPa or more. The particulate carbon material has a surface roughness Ra of 0.2 to 0.8 μm. The negative electrode material mixture layer has a packing density of 1.4 to 1.6 g/cm05-31-2012
20120214070ELECTRODE FOR A LITHIUM BATTERY AND LITHIUM BATTERY - An electrode for a lithium battery, which electrode includes an electrode active material which can charge and discharge lithium ions (A), a carbonaceous conductive additive (B) and a binder (C). The carbonaceous conductive additive contains carbon fiber, the carbon fiber including a mixture of two kinds of carbon fibers having different diameter distributions on a number basis; and the fiber diameter distribution of the carbon fiber in the electrode has one or more maximum values at 5-40 nm and at 50-300 nm, respectively. Also disclosed is a lithium battery using the electrode. The electrode enables production of a lithium battery having a reduced discharge capacity decline.08-23-2012
20120237831TIN NANOPARTICLES AND METHODOLOGY FOR MAKING SAME - A method of preparing tin (Sn) nanoparticles based on a bottom-up approach is provided. The method includes combining a first solution comprising Sn ions with a second solution comprising a reducing agent. After the combination, the Sn ions and the reducing agent undergo a reaction in which at least some of the Sn ions are reduced to Sn nanoparticles. The first solution comprises a tin salt dissolved in a solvent; the second solution comprises an alkali metal and naphthalene dissolved in a solvent; and the combined solution further comprises a capping agent that moderates a growth of aggregates of the Sn nanoparticles.09-20-2012
20100173203CATHODE COMPOSITION FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A cathode composition of lithium ion battery includes a number of nanoparticles and coating material coating outer surfaces of the nanoparticles.07-08-2010
20100173204PLATE-LIKE PARTICLE FOR CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL OF A LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, A CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FILM OF A LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL OF A LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND A LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - An object of the present invention is to provide a lithium secondary battery which has improved capacity, durability, and rate characteristic as compared with conventional lithium secondary batteries. A plate-like particle or a film for a lithium secondary battery cathode active material contains cobalt and lithium and has a layered rock salt structure. The (003) plane is oriented so as to intersect the plate surface of the particle or film.07-08-2010
20120219863CARBON PARTICLES FOR NEGATIVE ELECTRODE OF LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY - Disclosed are carbon particles for a negative electrode of a lithium ion secondary battery, the carbon particles having a pore volume of pores having a size of 2×10 to 2×1008-30-2012
20120251888Mixed Carbon Material and Negative Electrode for Nonaqueous Secondary Battery - The present invention provides a mixed carbon material which comprises carbon material A and carbon material B and which is a carbon material suitable for a negative electrode material which can provide a nonaqueous secondary battery having a low irreversible capacity and having a negative electrode with a high capacity and high charge acceptance. Carbon material A and carbon material B both have cores made of graphite powder and a surface carbon material in the form of at least one of amorphous carbon and turbostratic carbon adhered to or coated on at least a portion of the surface of the graphite powder. The compressed density is 1.80-1.90 g/cm10-04-2012
20120077090POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM PRIMARY CELL - The present invention provides a positive electrode active material for a lithium primary cell. The positive electrode active material can reduce the internal resistance of the positive electrode of a lithium primary cell and can maintain the load characteristics and the discharge voltage not only at high temperatures but also at low temperatures. The positive electrode active material includes a high-temperature treated fluoride produced by treating a fluoride of a carbon material at 200° C. to 400° C.03-29-2012
20120177995Secondary Lithium Batteries Having Novel Anodes - A secondary lithium battery having an anode comprising graphene nanosheets doped with a doping element selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, boron, sulfur, phosphorous and combinations thereof. The secondary lithium battery and the anode provide capacity and other performance without degradation during long term charge and discharge cycling.07-12-2012
20100009260Anode Material for Lithium Secondary Batteries and Lithium Secondary Batteries - The present invention is to provide a lithium ion secondary battery that realizes to raise an initial charge and discharge efficiency without deteriorating its charge and discharge characteristic in comparison with the conventional technology.01-14-2010
20100009261NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL, MAKING METHOD, LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITOR - Particles of a silicon oxide of formula: SiOx wherein x is 0.5 to 1.6, a silicon composite comprising silicon dispersed in silicon dioxide and having a molar ratio Si/O from 1:0.5 to 1:1.6, or a mixture thereof are doped with 50-100,000 ppm of phosphorus. A negative electrode material comprising the phosphorus-doped particles is suited for use in non-aqueous electrolyte secondary batteries. A lithium ion secondary battery having satisfactory cycle and rate properties is obtainable.01-14-2010
20100291440Battery Electrode - A material suitable for use as an electrode for a battery, comprising an article which comprises carbonized fabric having an impregnant therein.11-18-2010
20120328953GRAPHENE, POWER STORAGE DEVICE, AND ELECTRIC APPLIANCE - Graphene which is permeable to lithium ions and can be used for electric appliances is provided. A carbocyclic ring including nine or more ring members is provided in graphene. The maximum potential energy of the carbocyclic ring including nine or more ring members to a lithium ion is substantially 0 eV. Therefore, the carbocyclic ring including nine or more ring members can function as a hole through which lithium ions pass. When a surface of an electrode or an active material is coated with such graphene, reaction of the electrode or the active material with an electrolyte can be suppressed without interference with the movement of lithium ions.12-27-2012
20110003207Anode Composition Comprising Acrylonitrile-Acrylic Acid Copolymer As Binder, Method For Preparing The Anode Composition And Lithium Secondary Battery Using The Anode Composition - An anode composition for a lithium secondary battery is provided. The anode composition comprises an anode active material, a conductive material, and an acrylonitrile-acrylic acid copolymer with a high molecular weight as a binder. The acrylonitrile-acrylic acid copolymer has a molar ratio of acrylonitrile to acrylic acid of 1:0.01-2. Further provided are a method for preparing the anode composition and a lithium secondary battery using the anode composition. The binder has improved resistance to an electrolyte solution due to its enhanced adhesive strength. In addition, the use of the anode composition prevents the active material layer from being peeled off or separated from a current collector during charge and discharge to achieve improved capacity and cycle life characteristics of the battery.01-06-2011
20120264020METHOD OF DEPOSITING SILICON ON CARBON NANOMATERIALS - A method of depositing silicon on carbon nanomaterials such as vapor grown carbon nanofibers, nanomats, or nanofiber powder is provided. The method includes flowing a silicon-containing precursor gas in contact with the carbon nanomaterial such that silicon is deposited on the exterior surface and within the hollow core of the carbon nanomaterials. A protective carbon coating may be deposited on the silicon-coated nanomaterials. The resulting nanocomposite materials may be used as anodes in lithium ion batteries.10-18-2012
20100178563COMPOSITE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY - Disclosed is a composite negative electrode active material including a graphitizable carbon material containing a layered structure formed of stacked carbon layers partially having a three-dimensional regularity, and a low crystalline carbon material. A negative electrode including the composite negative electrode active material is used to produce a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery. The non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery thus produced has a high energy density and demonstrates a high output/input performance for a long period of time in various environments of high to low temperatures.07-15-2010
20110045353NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - A negative electrode for a lithium secondary battery includes a layer of a mixture containing graphite powder and an organic binder on a current collector, wherein a diffraction intensity ratio (002)/(110) measured by X-ray diffractometry of the layer of a mixture is 500 or less. A lithium secondary battery includes the negative electrode for a lithium secondary battery, and a positive electrode that includes a lithium compound. This results in less deterioration in the rapid charge and discharge characteristics and the cycle characteristics when the density of the negative electrode is made higher, thereby providing a high capacity lithium secondary battery having the improved energy density per unit volume of the secondary battery.02-24-2011
20110229766CARBON CATALYST, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE CARBON CATALYST, AND ELECTRODE AND BATTERY USING THE CARBON CATALYST - Provided are a carbon catalyst having an excellent activity and a method of manufacturing a carbon catalyst, and an electrode and a battery each using the carbon catalyst. The method of manufacturing a carbon catalyst according to the present invention includes a carbonizing step S09-22-2011
20110236759LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME - A lithium-ion secondary battery of this invention comprises a separator interposed between a positive electrode and a negative electrode. Moreover, a porous film of lithium titanate is formed on the surface of the negative electrode. In this lithium-ion secondary battery, when the separator is ruptured, short-circuiting of the positive electrode and negative electrode is suppressed by the lithium titanate porous film formed on the surface of the negative electrode. Further, in this configuration, a decline in the characteristics of storage of lithium ions in the negative electrode at low temperatures (low-temperature input characteristics) is suppressed.09-29-2011
20100203391MESOPOROUS CARBON MATERIAL FOR ENERGY STORAGE - A mesoporous carbon material formed on an electrode surface in an energy storage device, and a method of forming the same are disclosed. The mesoporous carbon material acts as a high surface area ion intercalation medium for the energy storage device, and is made up of CVD-deposited carbon fullerene “onions” and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) that are interconnected in a fullerene/CNT hybrid matrix. The fullerene/CNT hybrid matrix is a high porosity material that is capable of retaining lithium ions in concentrations useful for storing significant quantities of electrical energy. The method, according to one embodiment, includes vaporizing a high molecular weight hydrocarbon precursor and directing the vapor onto a conductive substrate to form a mesoporous carbon material thereon.08-12-2010
20100203390NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY - A non-aqueous electrolyte battery including a negative electrode including metal lithium or a lithium alloy as a negative electrode active material, a positive electrode including a fluorinated graphite as a positive electrode active material, a separator provided between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and a non-aqueous electrolyte. The concentration ratio [F]/[C] of fluorine atoms to carbon atoms on the surface of the fluorinated graphite is 1.0 or more and less than 1.8. This improves the large-current discharge characteristics particularly in a low temperature environment.08-12-2010
20120321961CARBON NANOTUBE ARRAY BONDING - Material compositions are provided that may comprise, for example, a vertically aligned carbon nanotube (VACNT) array, a conductive layer, and a carbon interlayer coupling the VACNT array to the conductive layer. Methods of manufacturing are provided. Such methods may comprise, for example, providing a VACNT array, providing a conductive layer, and bonding the VACNT array to the conductive layer via a carbon interlayer.12-20-2012
20120321960NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND NEGATIVE ELECTRODE AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - Provided are A carbon-based material having a FWHM ranging from 2.5° to 6.0° at 2θ ranging from 20° to 30° in a XRD pattern using CuKα ray and a peak area ratio ranging from 1.0 to 100.0 between FWHM at 2θ ranging from 20° to 30° and FWHM at 2θ ranging from 50° to 53°, and a method of manufacturing the carbon-based material, and a negative electrode and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same.12-20-2012
20120328952ELECTRODES, LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES, AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME - Described herein are improved composite anodes and lithium-ion batteries made therefrom. Further described are methods of making and using the improved anodes and batteries. In general, the anodes include a porous composite having a plurality of agglomerated nanocomposites. At least one of the plurality of agglomerated nanocomposites is formed from a dendritic particle, which is a three-dimensional, randomly-ordered assembly of nanoparticles of an electrically conducting material and a plurality of discrete non-porous nanoparticles of a non-carbon Group 4A element or mixture thereof disposed on a surface of the dendritic particle. At least one nanocomposite of the plurality of agglomerated nanocomposites has at least a portion of its dendritic particle in electrical communication with at least a portion of a dendritic particle of an adjacent nanocomposite in the plurality of agglomerated nanocomposites.12-27-2012
20120328954NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY - Disclosed are: a negative electrode material for a lithium ion secondary battery, which enables the production of one having a smaller irreversible capacity. That is a negative electrode material for a lithium ion secondary battery having a carbon layer formed on a surface of a carbon material as a core, wherein (A) a carbon (002) plane has a plane distance of 3.40 to 3.70 Å (by an XRD measurement), (B) a content ratio of the carbon layer to the carbon material is 0.005 to 0.1, (C) a specific surface area is 0.5 to 10.0 m12-27-2012
20120288768NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - Provided are a negative active material, a method of preparing the same, and a lithium battery including the negative active material, wherein the negative active material includes a carbonaceous material that has a peak with respect to a surface (002) at a Bragg angle 2θ of 26.4°±0.1° in an X-ray diffraction spectrum, has a full width at half maximum of the peak with respect to the surface (002) of about 0.2° to about 0.6°, has an interlayer spacing (d11-15-2012
20130017449POSITIVE-ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERYAANM Yasuda; NaotoAACI Kariya-shiAACO JPAAGP Yasuda; Naoto Kariya-shi JPAANM Murase; HitotoshiAACI Kariya-shiAACO JPAAGP Murase; Hitotoshi Kariya-shi JPAANM Isomura; RyotaAACI Kariya-shiAACO JPAAGP Isomura; Ryota Kariya-shi JPAANM Abe; ToruAACI Kariya-shiAACO JPAAGP Abe; Toru Kariya-shi JP - The present invention is characterized in that it is a positive-electrode active material for lithium-ion secondary battery, the positive-electrode active material being capable of absorbing and releasing lithium; it includes the following at least: a first compound exhibiting an irreversible capacity; and a second compound being capable of absorbing more lithium than an amount of lithium that has been released at the time of first-round charging; and it exhibits an irreversible capacity decreasing as a whole of active material.01-17-2013
20080241695CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITE ELECTRODE MATERIAL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND ELECTRODE ADOPTING THE SAME - The present invention relates to a carbon nanotube composite electrode material, a method for manufacturing the same and an electrode including the carbon nanotube composite material. The carbon nanotube electrode material includes carbon fibers and carbon nanotubes. The carbon fibers constitute a network structure. The carbon nanotubes are wrapped around and adhering to the carbon fibers. Because a diameter of the carbon fibers is about 100 times larger than that of the carbon nanotubes, gaps between the carbon fibers are also larger than that between the carbon nanotubes such that electrolytes can easily penetrate into the carbon fibers and come into contact with all or nearly all of the available surface area of the carbon nanotubes. In other words, an effective surface area of the carbon nanotubes is improved, and capacity of electrode material is also improved.10-02-2008
20130177814Energy Storage Devices - A novel hybrid lithium-ion anode material based on coaxially coated Si shells on vertically aligned carbon nanofiber (CNF) arrays. The unique cup-stacking graphitic microstructure makes the bare vertically aligned CNF array an effective Li07-11-2013
20130177813NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery includes a SiO07-11-2013
20130177815NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed are an anode active material, a non-aqueous lithium secondary battery, and a preparation method thereof. The surface of a carbonaceous material is modified without using an electrolyte additive, and the reactivity and structural stability of the surface is improved, thereby obtaining long lifetime characteristics without deteriorating charge/discharge efficiency and rate characteristics when applied as an anode active material of a non-aqueous lithium secondary battery. The anode active material comprises a carbonaceous material, and a coating layer formed on the surface of the carbonaceous material through hetero atom substitution, wherein the hetero atom can be phosphorus (P) or sulfur (S). A side reaction with an electrolyte on the surface of the carbonaceous material is inhibited and the structural stability of the surface is enhanced by forming a coating layer on the surface of the carbonaceous material with a hetero atom such as phosphorus (P) or sulfur (S).07-11-2013
20120251889PARTICULATE POROUS CARBON MATERIAL AND USE THEREOF IN LITHIUM CELLS - The present invention relates to a novel particulate porous carbon material containing a carbon phase and at least one pore phase, and to the use of such materials in lithium cells, especially lithium-sulfur cells. The carbon phase forms, with the pore phase, essentially unordered co-continuous phase domains, such that the distance between adjacent domains of the pore phase is not more than 50 nm. The invention also relates to a process for producing such carbon materials and to composite materials comprising elemental sulfur and at least one inventive particulate porous carbon material.10-04-2012
20130115517NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD OF PREPARING THE NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, ELECTRODE INCLUDING THE NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE ELECTRODE - A negative active material including: a composite including a matrix comprising silicon oxide, silicon carbide, and carbon and silicon particles dispersed in the matrix; and a carbon coating film formed on a surface of the composite, wherein an intensity ratio of a SiC peak to a Si peak in an X-ray diffraction spectrum is 1 or more, a method of preparing the negative active material, a negative electrode including the negative active material, and a lithium battery including the electrode.05-09-2013
20130115518STOCK OIL COMPOSITION FOR CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL FOR NEGATIVE ELECTRODE OF LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY - Provided is a stock oil composition for a carbonaceous material for a negative electrode of a lithium-ion secondary battery which composition is useful for achieving excellent high-speed charge and discharge characteristics. The stock oil composition for a carbonaceous material for a negative electrode of a lithium-ion secondary battery uses a bottom oil of residue fluid catalytic cracking apparatus as a raw material. The stock oil composition comprises, of a saturated component, an aromatic component, a resin component and an asphaltene component detectable by development of the stock oil composition using thin-layer chromatography, the saturated component ranging from 30 to 50% by weight and the aromatic component ranging from 50 to 70% by weight; and has an average molecular weight of from 400 to 600.05-09-2013
20130122374LITHIUM-ION BATTERY ELECTRODES WITH SHAPE-MEMORY-ALLOY CURRENT COLLECTING SUBSTRATES - Lithium-ion battery electrode constructions use an array of nanowires (or of other long thin shapes) of active electrode material anchored at one end to a surface of a metal current collector sheet in an electrode assembly or construction. This form of active electrode material permits good contact with a liquid lithium-ion containing electrolyte that infiltrates the closely-spaced thin shapes. Stresses arising from volume changes in the long shapes with lithiation and de-lithiation of the active material is mitigated by strategic placement of shape memory apply forms between attachment surfaces of the active electrode material and other members of the electrode assembly.05-16-2013
20130130121LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY - Provided is a lithium-ion secondary battery having an excellent initial capacity as well as a good capacity retention rate. The battery comprises a positive electrode comprising a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode comprising a negative electrode active material, and a non-aqueous liquid electrolyte. The negative electrode active material comprises a graphitic material that satisfies each of the following properties: (a) in its Raman spectrum obtained by Raman scattering analysis using an exciting light at a wavelength of 532 nm, having a ratio of its D-peak intensity I05-23-2013
20130130118ANODE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY - Disclosed is an anode for secondary batteries comprising a combination of an anode active material having a relatively low charge/discharge voltage and a relatively low hardness (A) and an anode active material having a relatively high charge/discharge voltage and a relatively high hardness (B), wherein the anode active material (A) is surface-coated with carbon having a high hardness or a composite thereof, and a particle size of the anode active material (B) is smaller than a size of a space formed by the anode active materials (A) arranged in a four-coordination. The anode provides an electrode that prevents lithium precipitation caused by overvoltage, improves ionic conductivity as well as electric conductivity and exhibits superior capacity.05-23-2013
20130130119COPPER-COVERED STEEL FOIL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE COLLECTOR AND ITS PRODUCTION METHOD, AND BATTERY - A negative electrode collector using a copper-covered steel foil for carrying a negative electrode active material for lithium ion secondary batteries has a steel sheet as the core material thereof and has, on both surfaces thereof, a copper covering layer having a mean thickness t05-23-2013
20130130117Modified Natural Graphite Particle and Method for Producing the Same - Modified natural graphite particles intended for forming a negative electrode material for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery are characterized by having a circularity of at least 0.93 and at most 1.0 and a surface roughness of at most 1.5% with respect to the length of the particles. These modified natural graphite particles are obtained by a manufacturing method including a step of applying an impact force to natural graphite particles for pulverization and spheroidization to obtain intermediate particles having a circularity of at least 0.93 and at most 1.0, and a step of carrying out surface smoothing of the resulting intermediate particles by mechanical grinding treatment to obtain the modified natural graphite particles.05-23-2013
20130130120GAS PHASE DEPOSITION OF BATTERY SEPARATORS - In certain embodiments, a battery component comprises an electrode and a separator deposited on a surface of the electrode is provided. The separator comprises a porous poly(para-xylylene) film. In some embodiments, the electrode can include at least one cavity or protrusion, and the separator layer can be gas phase deposited directly on the electrode. In certain embodiments, methods of making a battery component are also provided.05-23-2013
20130130116METAL-SULFUR ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY AND PREPARING METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed is a metal-sulfur electrode for a lithium-sulfur battery and a method for preparing the same. More particularly, a metal-sulfur electrode for a lithium-sulfur battery is prepared by coating a slurry mixture including sulfur, a conductive material and a binder as an electrode active material on a metal electrode and drying the same while applying an electric field such that the conductive material is aligned adequately so as to provide maximize efficiency during repeated charging and discharging when used in the anode of the lithium-sulfur battery.05-23-2013
20130130115COMPOSITE NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - A composite negative active material including metal nanostructures disposed on one or more of a surface and inner pores of a porous carbon-based material, a method of preparing the material, and a lithium secondary battery including the material.05-23-2013
20130143127ANODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, ANODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY - An anode material for a lithium ion secondary battery that includes a carbon material having an average interlayer spacing d06-06-2013
20080199778Electrode for secondary batteries and method for making same, and secondary batteries using the electrode - An electrode for secondary batteries comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a support electrolyte is used as at least one of the electrodes. The electrode comprises a radical compound and a single ion-conducting material. The single ion-conducting material has a functional group of —COOX or -S008-21-2008
20080199777Negative Electrode Material For Nonaqueous Secondary Cells, Negative Electrode For Nonaqueous Secondary Cells, and Nonaqueous Secondary Cell - A negative electrode material for a nonaqueous secondary battery capable of realizing a nonaqueous secondary battery having a small charging/discharging irreversible capacity at an initial cycle and exhibiting an excellent high-rate charging/discharging characteristics and an excellent cycle performances is provided. The main component of the material is graphite particles. The median diameter is 5 μm or more, and 40 μm or less in the volume-basis particle size distribution based on the laser diffraction/scattering particle size distribution measurement. The tapping density is 0.7 g/cm08-21-2008
20110244333NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY BATTERY WITH NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY BATTERY WITH NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY - The present invention is a method for manufacturing a negative electrode material for a secondary battery with a non-aqueous electrolyte comprising at least: coating a surface of powder with carbon at a coating amount of 1 to 40 mass % with respect to an amount of the powder by heat CVD treatment under an organic gas and/or vapor atmosphere at a temperature between 800° C. and 1300° C., the powder being composed of at least one of silicon oxide represented by a general formula of SiO10-06-2011
20120258371METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR USE IN NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR USE IN NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY - The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a carbon-coated negative electrode active material for use in a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, wherein a negative electrode active raw material including at least one of silicon oxide powder and silicon powder is coated with carbon by a catalytic CVD method. The present invention also provides a negative electrode material for use in a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery and a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery using the negative electrode active material. As a result, there is provided a method for manufacturing a negative electrode active material for use in a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery in which high battery capacity given by the silicon-based active material is maintained and a volume expansion and a break in the active material are suppressed.10-11-2012
20100297500Negative Electrode Active Material for Lithium Ion Rechargeable Battery and Negative Electrode Using the Same - A negative electrode active material for a lithium ion rechargeable battery having high electrode density, excellent in permeability of an electrolyte, less in capacity loss due to charging/discharging, and excellent in cycle performance is provided at a low cost. Further, there is provided a negative electrode for the lithium ion rechargeable battery, wherein the negative electrode active material as a mixture of three kinds of graphite powders, different in hardness and shape from one another, with a binder added thereto, is coated onto a metallic current collector to be dried and pressed, thereby rendering an electrode density not lower than 1.7 g/cm11-25-2010
20100304218STIMULATED EMISSION RELEASE OF CHEMICAL ENERGY STORED IN STONE-WALES DEFECT PAIRS IN CARBON NANOSTRUCTURES - Stone Wales defect pairs in a carbon nanostructure are used to store energy. Energy is released by a chain reaction of phonons disrupting the defect pairs to generate more phonons until the lattice returns to its original hexagonal form and the energy is released in the form of lattice vibrations. Devices may be configured as a battery to release electrical energy in a controlled manner or as an explosive to release energy in an uncontrolled manner.12-02-2010
20110274979NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF PREPARING SAME, AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, a method of manufacturing the same, and a rechargeable lithium battery including the negative active material. The negative active material includes carbon particles having interplanar spacing (d002) ranging from about 0.34 nm to about 0.50 nm at a 002 plane, measured by X-ray diffraction using CuKα, and nitrogen on the surface of the carbon particles.11-10-2011
20110274978NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE INCLUDING SAME - Disclosed is a negative electrode for an energy storage device, which includes a negative active material, and an additive including a ceramic core and carbon disposed on the surface of the ceramic core.11-10-2011
20120282527COMPOSITE MATERIALS FOR BATTERY APPLICATIONS - A process for producing nanocomposite materials for use in batteries includes electroactive materials are incorporated within a nanosheet host material. The process may include treatment at high temperatures and doping to obtain desirable properties.11-08-2012
20130157139ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, NON-AQUEOUS LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - The disclosure relates to an anode active material, a non-aqueous lithium secondary battery, and a manufacturing method thereof. The anode active material of this disclosure comprises a carbon-based material, and a coating film formed on the surface of the carbon-based material by performing heat treatment using an ammonia-based compound. The coating film may be formed on the surface of the carbon-based material through a thermal decomposition method using 10% or less by weight of the ammonia-based compound with respect to the carbon-based material. Since the surface of the carbon-based material is thermally treated using the ammonia-based compound, side reaction of the carbon-based material with an electrolyte at the surface thereof can be suppressed and structural stability can be enhanced, thereby improving battery lifespan and high-rate capability of a non-aqueous lithium secondary battery.06-20-2013
20110300448ANODE OF LITHIUM BATTERY AND LITHIUM BATTERY USING THE SAME - An anode of a lithium battery includes a composite film, the composite film includes a carbon nanotube film structure and a plurality of nanoscale tin oxide particles dispersed therein. A lithium battery includes at least a cathode, an electrolyte, and the anode mentioned above. A charge/discharge capacity of the lithium battery using the anode can be improved.12-08-2011
20110311874Silicon-Carbon Nanostructured Electrodes - Hybrid silicon-carbon nanostructured electrodes are fabricated by forming a suspension including carbon nanostructures and a fluid, disposing the suspension on a substrate, removing at least some of the fluid from the suspension to form a carbon nanostructure layer on the substrate, and sputtering a layer of silicon over the carbon nanostructure layer to form the hybrid silicon-carbon nanostructured electrode. Sputtering the layer of silicon facilitates fabrication of large dimension electrodes at room temperature. The hybrid silicon-carbon nanostructured electrode may be used as an anode in a rechargeable battery, such as a lithium ion battery.12-22-2011
20110311873INTERCALATION OF SILICON AND/OR TIN INTO POROUS CARBON SUBSTRATES - The invention relates to a process for producing an electrically conductive, porous, silicon- and/or tin-containing carbon material which is suitable in particular for the production of an anode material, preferably for lithium ion batteries; in a first step of the process, preferably crystalline silicon nanoparticies and/or tin nanoparticies and/or silicon/tin nanoparticles are introduced into a matrix based on at least one organic polymer, being more particular dispersed therein, and subsequently, in a second step of the process, the resultant polymer matrix containing the silicon, tin and/or silicon/tin nanoparticies is carbonized to form carbon.12-22-2011
20130189585NEGATIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR A RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, A METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND A RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME - Negative active materials for rechargeable lithium batteries, methods of manufacturing the negative active materials, and rechargeable lithium batteries including the negative active materials are provided. One negative active material includes an active metal core and a crack inhibiting layer formed on the core. The crack inhibiting layer includes a carbon-based material.07-25-2013
20110318640PLATE-LIKE PARTICLE OF CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, CATHODE OF THE LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - To provide a lithium secondary battery which has high capacity while maintaining excellent charge-discharge characteristic, and to provide a cathode of the lithium secondary battery and a plate-like particle for cathode active material to be contained in the cathode. The plate-like particle of cathode active material for a lithium secondary battery of the present invention has a layered rock salt structure, a thickness of 5 μm or more and less than 30 μm, 2 or less of [003]/[104] which is a ratio of intensity of X-ray diffraction by the (003) plane to intensity of X-ray diffraction by the (104) plane, a mean pore size of 0.1 to 5 μm, and a voidage of 3% or more and less than 15%12-29-2011
20120009478CRYSTALLINE CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL WITH CONTROLLED INTERLAYER SPACING AND METHOD OF PREPARING SAME - A crystalline carbonaceous material with a controlled interlayer spacing and a method of manufacturing the same. In one embodiment, a crystalline carbonaceous material has a layered structure including a plurality of layers and where a filler is present between the layers. The layers with the filler have an interlayer spacing d002 at a (002) plane, and the interlayer spacing d002 is at or between 0.335 nm and 1 nm when its X-ray diffraction is measured using a CuKα ray.01-12-2012
20120021294Graphite or carbon particulates for the lithium ion battery anode - This invention provides a graphite or graphite-carbon particulate for use as a lithium secondary battery anode material having a high-rate capability. The particulate is formed of a core carbon or graphite particle and a plurality of satellite carbon or graphite particles that are each separately bonded to the core particle wherein the core particle is spherical in shape, slightly elongate in shape with a major axis-to-minor axis ratio less than 2, or fibril in shape, and wherein the satellite particles are disc-, platelet-, or flake-like particles each containing a graphite crystallite with a crystallographic c-axis dimension Lc and a lateral dimension. Preferably, Lc is less than 100 nm and the flake/platelet lateral dimension is less than 1 μm. The core particle may be selected from natural graphite, artificial graphite, spherical graphite, graphitic coke, meso-carbon micro-bead, soft carbon, hard carbon, graphitic fibril, carbon nano-fiber, carbon fiber, or graphite fiber. Preferably, the flat-shaped particles are randomly oriented with respect to one another.01-26-2012
20120028123CARBON NANOTUBE FORMING SUBSTRATE, CARBON NANOTUBE COMPLEX, ENERGY DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ENERGY DEVICE, AND APPARATUS INCLUDING ENERGY DEVICE - Provided are a substrate on which carbon nanotubes each having one end connected to the substrate can be formed at a high synthetic rate and from which the carbon nanotubes are less likely to be peeled off. The substrate is a substrate for forming the carbon nanotubes and includes a buffer layer 02-02-2012
20120040249Negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, method of preparing the same, and rechargeable lithium battery including the same - A negative active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, a method of preparing the same, and a rechargeable lithium battery including the same, the negative active material including carbon core particles; a metallic material on the carbon core particles; and a carbon thin film covering the carbon core particles and the metallic material, wherein the carbon core particles have an interplanar spacing (d002) of about 0.34 nm to about 0.40 nm at a (002) plane measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD) using a CuKα ray, and the carbon thin film has a thickness of about 1 nm to about 500 nm.02-16-2012
20120088159NANO-ARCHITECTURED CARBON STRUCTURES AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING SAME - In an exemplary method, a nano-architectured carbon structure is fabricated by forming a unit (e.g., a film) of a liquid carbon-containing starting material. A surface of the unit is nano-molded using a durable mold (04-12-2012
20130209891POROUS CARBON PRODUCT, METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF, AND USE OF THE SAME - For use as electrode material for a lithium battery, porous templates are impregnated with a carbon feedstock that can be graphitized. This frequently results in only a low thickness of the deposited, graphite-like layer, such that generally several such infiltration and carbonation processes must be carried out consecutively. In order to provide a cost-effective product which is made of porous carbon and has high porosity and a low surface, according to the invention a method comprises the following method steps: (a) preparing a porous carbon structure having a large specific surface, (b) infiltrating the carbon structure with a precursor substance for carbon that can be graphitized, (c) carbonizing the precursor substance to form the carbon product having a low specific surface, wherein preparing the carbon structure according to method step (a) comprises the following: (I) preparing a template containing pores, (II) infiltrating the pores of the template with a solution that contains a precursor of carbon that cannot be graphitized, (III) carbonizing the precursor forming the carbon structure having the first specific surface, and (IV) removing the template.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Carbon, graphite, or carbonaceous component is active material