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Temperature control

Subclass of:

429 - Chemistry: electrical current producing apparatus, product, and process

429061000 - WITH CONTROL MEANS RESPONSIVE TO BATTERY CONDITION SENSING MEANS

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
429062000 Temperature control 89
20120171528BATTERY - A battery is provided, comprising: a battery housing having at least one opening end; a battery cover sealing the at least one opening end; an electric core received in the battery housing, which comprises at least one heat-conducting tube having at least an end penetrating through the battery cover; and an electrolyte filled in a space formed by the battery housing with the battery cover.07-05-2012
20090317699BATTERY OVERHEATING PROTECTION DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING SAME - A battery overheating protection device used in an electronic device is provided. The electronic device includes a main unit configured to implement basic functions of the electronic device and a battery unit configured to supply power to the main unit. The battery overheating protection device includes a temperature monitoring unit, a switch unit and a processing unit. The temperature monitoring unit is configured to store a predetermined temperature value, measure a temperature value of the battery unit and output a signal when the detected temperature value is greater than the predetermined temperature value. The temperature monitoring unit includes at least one thermistor thermally connected to the battery unit. The switch unit is connected between the main unit and the battery unit. The processing unit is configured to receive the signal and open the switch unit when receiving the signal, thereby the battery unit is disconnected from the main unit.12-24-2009
20100112419BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE USING THERMOELECTRIC SEMICONDUCTOR - Disclosed herein is a device for controlling the temperature of batteries for electric vehicles. The device includes a thermoelectric semiconductor unit, a thermoelectric semiconductor unit, a temperature sensor, and a battery controller. The thermoelectric semiconductor unit is configured such that a portion thereof is exposed in a battery tray. The thermoelectric semiconductor unit controller causes the thermoelectric semiconductor unit to radiate heat, and causes the thermoelectric semiconductor unit to absorb heat. The temperature sensor detects and outputs the temperature of the battery tray. The battery controller outputs the heat radiating control signal to the thermoelectric semiconductor unit controller when the temperature detected by the temperature sensor is lower than a predetermined value, and outputting the heat absorbing control signal to the thermoelectric semiconductor unit controller when the temperature detected by the temperature is equal to or higher than the predetermined value.05-06-2010
20100047674Safety Switch Using Heat Shrinkage Tube and Secondary Battery Including The Same - Disclosed herein is a safety switch including a tube that is capable of shrinking when exposed to temperatures in excess of a predetermined temperature level (“heat shrinkage tube”), wherein the length of the heat shrinkage tube is changeable to control current conduction, one end of the heat shrinkage tube is fixed, and the other end of the heat shrinkage tube is connected to an electric wire connection part, such that current conduction or current interruption is accomplished by the change in length of the heat shrinkage tube when the heat shrinkage tube is varied due to heat. When a battery or a battery pack is exposed to an abnormal environment, with the result that the temperature of the battery or the battery pack exceeds a predetermined temperature level, the heat shrinkage tube of the safety switch shrinks to directly interrupt external charge current, thereby preventing the further charge of the battery or the battery pack. Furthermore, internal energy accumulated in the battery cell is forcibly consumed, thereby fundamentally preventing the progress of the abnormal operation of the battery or the battery pack. Consequently, the safety of the battery is secured.02-25-2010
20130078487BATTERY MODULE HAVING SENSING MEMBER WITH NOVEL STRUCTURE - A battery module includes a battery cell stack having a plurality of battery cells or unit modules connected in series and/or in parallel to each other in a state in which the battery cells or the unit modules are stacked in the lateral direction. The battery cell stack is provided at the front thereof with bus bars to connect electrode terminals of the battery cells to external input and output terminals. Voltage sensing members are provided at ends thereof with connection terminals electrically connected to electrode terminal connection parts of the battery cells to sense voltages of the battery cells or the unit modules. An upper case is provided with mounting parts, in which the voltage sensing members are mounted. A lower case is coupled to the upper. The lower case is provided at the front thereof with external input and output terminals.03-28-2013
20100075206On-board battery assembly - An on-board battery assembly includes a cell stack, a blowing member, and a control component. The cell stack includes a plurality of cell modules. The cell stack has one side face that extends generally along a width axis orthogonal to a longitudinal axis of the plurality of cell modules. The blowing member having a blow-out port that has a dimension generally equivalent to a dimension of the one side face. The blowing member includes a casing having a suction port and a flow channel. The flow channel has a width that becomes greater toward the blow-out port. The control component is provided in a space defined between the casing and a plane, which is perpendicular to the width axis, and which includes an end portion of the one side face.03-25-2010
20090155673Battery Management System - A battery management system for monitoring a plurality of interconnected batteries comprises a plurality of interconnected modules arranged for connection to respective ones of the batteries. Each module comprises a negative terminal connector, a positive terminal connector, a voltage sensor for measuring voltage between the terminals, a communication port arranged to communicate the sensed voltage to other modules, and a controller arranged to selectively connect a resistive element between the negative terminal connector and the positive terminal connector of the respective battery responsive to the sensed voltage being greater than sensed voltages of other modules. A temperature sensor on each module measures a temperature through the terminal of the battery for communication to the system. A printed circuit board, arranged to be supported directly on one of the battery terminals, commonly supports the voltage sensor, the temperature sensor and the communication port thereon.06-18-2009
20130029193RAPID CHARGING ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RAPID CHARGING - An electric vehicle is provided. The electric vehicle includes an electric battery powering a drive system of the vehicle. The battery has a housing and a plurality of cells within the housing. The cells are spaced apart by interconnectors. The electric vehicle also includes a coolant delivery. The coolant delivery delivers coolant to the interconnectors. An electric battery is also provided.01-31-2013
20130089762RECHARGEABLE BATTERY - A rechargeable battery that includes a pouch installing an electrode assembly, first and second lead tabs connected to the electrode assembly and drawn out to one side of the pouch, a temperature protection element connected to the first tab, and a connection tab connected to the temperature protection element. The temperature protection element is attached to the pouch using a double-sided adhesive tape and covered by an insulation tape.04-11-2013
20130071705STRUCTURE, PACKAGING ASSEMBLY, AND COVER FOR MULTI-CELL ARRAY BATTERIES - Manufacturable and serviceable packaging configurations for multi-cell array batteries. A cell alignment structure is provided for positioning and securing an array of electrochemical cells. An inner battery packaging assembly is also provided having the cell alignment structure, a base plate configured to be disposed below the cell alignment structure, and a removable cover configured to fit over the cell alignment structure and attach to the base plate. Furthermore, an outer battery packaging assembly is provided having the inner battery packaging assembly, an outer support plate configured to be disposed below the inner battery packaging assembly, a removable thermal insulating material surrounding the inner battery packaging assembly, and a removable outer battery cover configured to fit over the inner battery packaging and over the surrounding thermal insulating material and attach to the outer support plate.03-21-2013
20130071706BATTERY PACK - A battery pack includes at least one battery module provided with a plurality of battery cells each having a vent that discharges gas, the battery cells being arranged in one direction, and a housing accommodating the battery module, the housing including an inlet and an outlet for air, and an inlet opening and closing device disposed in the inlet.03-21-2013
20120225334BATTERY PACK - A battery pack includes: a bare cell; a protection circuit module electrically connected to the bare cell; a thermistor configured to sense a temperature of the bare cell and electrically coupled to the protection circuit module, the thermistor having a lead, the lead having a lead end portion adjacent to the protection circuit module, the lead end portion having a first side facing the protection circuit module; and a support between the first side of the lead end portion and the protection circuit module.09-06-2012
20090233158ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM - A battery system having a cooling liquid that undergoes heat exchange with a battery assembly is reduced in size. The battery system in which a battery assembly is contained in a battery box is characterized by including the cooling liquid that is contained in the battery box and that undergoes heat exchange with the battery assembly, and a circulation passageway and a circulation pump that introduce a cooling gas lighter in specific gravity than the cooling liquid into the cooling liquid. The cooling gas floating up in the cooling liquid stirs the cooling liquid. This stirring action increases the flow rate of the cooling liquid, and therefore makes it possible to obtain high cooling capability even in a construction that employs a small-size circulation pump.09-17-2009
20110300420TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED BATTERY PACK ASSEMBLY AND METHODS FOR USING THE SAME - A temperature controlled battery pack assembly includes a housing defining a battery chamber and including thermal insulation surrounding at least a portion of the battery chamber. At least one battery cell is contained in the battery chamber. The thermal insulation inhibits thermal transfer between the at least one battery cell and the surrounding environment. A thermal bridge conductor is disposed in the battery chamber and engages the at least one battery cell. The battery pack assembly further includes a thermoelectric cooler device having an inner surface and an outer surface. The thermoelectric cooler device is operable to actively transfer heat between the inner and outer surfaces using the Peltier effect. A heat sink device is in contact with or connected to the outer surface to enable thermal conduction between the outer surface and the heat sink device. The battery pack assembly includes a fan operable to force a flow of a heat transfer fluid across the heat sink device and into the environment to enable convective heat transfer between the heat sink device and the environment. The thermal bridge conductor is in contact with or connected to the inner surface to enable thermal conduction between the inner surface and the thermal bridge conductor.12-08-2011
20090280395Battery Thermal System for Vehicle - A battery thermal system for use in a vehicle having a power plant, an air conditioning system and a battery pack, and a method of operation, is disclosed. The battery thermal system may include a refrigerant-to-coolant heat exchanger that selectively receives a refrigerant from the vehicle air conditioning system; a battery radiator located adjacent to a cooling fan; a valve that receives a liquid coolant from the battery pack and selectively redirects the liquid coolant to the refrigerant-to-coolant heat exchanger and the battery radiator; and an electric pump for pumping the liquid coolant through the battery pack, the valve, the refrigerant-to-coolant heat exchanger and the battery radiator. The battery thermal system may also include a battery coolant heater for selectively heating the coolant that flows into the battery pack.11-12-2009
20110262784Storage Battery System - A storage battery system includes: a secondary battery; a holding member comprising a flow channel of a cooling medium for cooling the secondary battery, which holds the secondary battery; a medium temperature measuring unit that measures temperatures T10-27-2011
20100099015POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS FOR A VEHICLE - A power supply apparatus in which a power supply body and coolant that cools the power supply body are housed in a power supply case, and in which the power supply case contacts a heat transmitting member, includes a first housing portion that is within the power supply case and houses the power supply body; a second housing portion that is within the power supply case and positioned on the heat transmitting member side of the first housing portion; a dividing plate that allows the coolant to move between the first housing portion and the second housing portion; and circulating means for circulating the coolant between the first housing portion and the second housing portion.04-22-2010
20090286140LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING DISCHARGE UNIT - Provided is a lithium secondary battery including a discharge unit capable of delaying or preventing a battery explosion. The lithium secondary battery includes a discharge unit disposed parallel to a battery body. The discharge unit includes a first electrode connected to a positive electrode of the battery body, a second electrode connected to a negative electrode of the battery body, and a discharge material film, disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, inducing a abrupt discharge above a predetermined temperature. The discharge material film, e.g., a abrupt metal-insulator transition (MIT) material film can induce a abrupt discharge, thereby preventing or delaying a battery explosion.11-19-2009
20120295142Temperature Control Method and Battery System - A temperature control method and a battery system create an optimal temperature range for operating a battery. The battery cells of the battery lie in several separate modules that are integrated in a temperature control circuit. Heat is increased stepwise in a heating phase in which only one first module is heated by means of a temperature control medium, the medium being active in the temperature control circuit and being heated by means of a heating element. The heat that is generated during the operation of at least the first module is used to heat at least one further module.11-22-2012
20100136391Active Thermal Runaway Mitigation System for Use Within a Battery Pack - An active thermal runaway mitigation system is provided that mitigates the effects of a single cell undergoing thermal runaway, thereby preventing the propagation of the thermal runaway event to neighboring cells within the battery pack. The provided system includes at least one, fluid-containing conduit in proximity to the cells within the battery pack. The conduit includes a plurality of breach points in proximity to the subset of cells, where each breach point is configured to form a breach at a preset temperature that is lower than the melting temperature of the conduit. Once a breach is formed, the fluid contained within the conduit is discharged through the breach.06-03-2010
20090186261Rechargeable battery - A rechargeable battery. The rechargeable battery is constructed with a bare cell, a protective circuit board electrically connected to the bare cell, a lead plate located between the bare cell and the protective circuit board, and a combining case covering an upper end of the bare cell, the protective circuit board and the lead plate. The lead plate is constructed with a first plate electrically connected to the protective circuit board, a second plate electrically connected to the bare cell, and an inside bending part connected between the first plate and the second plate. The first plate of the lead plate is bent around the inside bending part at 180 degrees such that the bare cell is coupled with the protective circuit board in parallel. Therefore, a distance between the bare cell and the protective circuit is reduced, and the capacity per volume of the rechargeable battery is increased.07-23-2009
20080280192BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - Disclosed herein is a battery thermal management system for maintaining the temperature of a battery pack in a hybrid vehicle below a maximum operating temperature threshold. The system comprises a battery pack having a plurality of electronically linked cells and a supply air diffuser having a pattern of openings therein for diffusing exhausted air at a substantially uniform flow throughout the battery pack. The system further comprises sensors for monitoring the temperature of at least a portion of the cells, a fan comprising an inlet through which air is drawn in and an outlet in communication with at least the supply air diffuser, for exhausting air into the first diffuser to lower the temperature of the battery pack, and an electronic control unit in communication with the sensors and the fan for controlling operation of the fan based on temperature signals received from the sensors to maintain the temperature of the battery pack below a maximum operating temperature.11-13-2008
20100143771Rotatable Battery Pack - A rotatable battery pack having a first electrode plate and a second electrode plate disposed in parallel to each other and allowing a plurality of battery cells to be disposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate; a casing enclosing the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate and having both ends opened so as to allow cooling air to flow in order to cool the plurality of battery cells; a first terminal protruding from a center of the first electrode plate to an outside of the casing; a second terminal protruding from a center of the second electrode plate to the outside of the casing in a direction opposite that of the first electrode; and a driving motor driving the first electrode plate to rotate the plurality of battery cells, wherein the first terminal and the second terminal are formed on a rotation axis of the first electrode plate.06-10-2010
20090246606Electric power source used with vehicles - An electric power source used with a vehicle includes: a battery block composed of a rechargeable battery; a cooling plate thermally coupled with the battery block to cool the battery; a cooling mechanism for cooling the cooling plate; and a controller for controlling the cooling mechanism to switch the cooling plate into a cooled state and an uncooled state. The controller controls the cooling mechanism both in accordance with temperature of the battery block and temperature of the cooling plate, and switches the cooling plate into the cooled state and the uncooled state.10-01-2009
20090087723HEAT GENERATION MECHANISM-PROVIDED SECONDARY BATTERY - In a secondary battery which is poor in battery properties at a low temperature, by making the temperature of the secondary battery in a state of the largest discharge capacity, a secondary battery which can be used under a condition such as a cold district is obtained. A cell of the battery is configured in a sheet form, and the cell is provided with a heat generation unit capable of generating heat by carrying a current. According to this configuration, the battery can be used at a temperature with good capacity properties regardless of the ambient temperature environment. In particular, in an organic electrolytic liquid-free polymer electrolyte or solid electrolyte-containing lithium ion secondary battery which is high in energy density but poor in battery properties at a low temperature, a sufficient battery performance can be brought out regardless of the temperature environment.04-02-2009
20090253028TEMPERATURE ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM AND VEHICLE - A temperature adjustment mechanism has an electric power supply device, and a member that is provided between and in contact with the electric power supply device and a heat transfer member and that contains a PTC material.10-08-2009
20090258283PROTECTION CIRCUIT ASSEMBLY AND BATTERY PACK HAVING THE SAME - A battery pack includes a bare cell and a protection circuit assembly electrically connected to the bare cell. The protection circuit assembly includes a protection circuit board on which a protection module, a PTC thermistor, an external connection terminal, a first connection terminal and a second connection terminal are mounted. A first lead plate and a second lead plate are in contact with the first connection terminal and the second connection terminal, respectively. The protection circuit board defines opposite lateral edges and a first groove in each of the opposite lateral edges, and the first lead plate is exposed through the first groove.10-15-2009
20080213652BATTERY PACK SAFETY AND THERMAL MANAGEMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD - A process of controlling the temperature of a battery pack includes the steps of determining the operating mode and present temperature of the battery pack. Optimal temperature for the battery pack depends on the operating mode and the difference between the present temperature and the previously identified optimal temperature. The battery pack is warmed if the temperature difference (measured minus optimal) is large. The optimal time interval over which the battery pack should be warmed is a function of the operating mode and the previously calculated temperature difference. A heater is switchably operated enabling and disabling the heat generating element to warm the pack to the previously identified optimal temperature.09-04-2008
20090075160BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL APPARATUS AND BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD - A battery temperature control apparatus capable of controlling the temperature of a battery to reach a suitable condition is provided. Thermal capacity determining unit 03-19-2009
20110117400SAFETY ELEMENT ASSEMBLY - A safety element assembly is disclosed. The safety element assembly comprises a first thin metal sheet coupled to the secondary battery; a safety element coupled to the first thin metal sheet; and a second thin metal sheet coupled to the safety element, wherein the first thin metal sheet comprises a first region on which the safety element and the second thin metal sheet are stacked, and a second region on which the safety element and the second thin metal sheet are not stacked.05-19-2011
20130216871CAP ASSEMBLY OF NOVEL STRUCTURE AND CYLINDRICAL BATTERY EMPLOYED WITH THE SAME - Disclosed herein is a cap assembly disposed at an open upper end of a cylindrical container of a battery in which an electrode assembly (jelly roll) of a cathode/separator/anode structure is mounted in the cylindrical container, wherein an electrode lead of the jelly roll is electrically connected to the lower end of a safety vent having notches, which are ruptured to discharge high pressure gas when high pressure is generated in the battery, and a safety element to interrupt current at a predetermined temperature is provided between the safety vent and the electrode lead.08-22-2013
20130136964ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL HAVING A SAFETY DEVICE - An electrochemical cell is provided including, but not limited to, a can, an output terminal for outputting current generated within the can, an electrode assembly connected with the output terminal and which comprises a positive electrode and a negative electrode, electrolyte within the can, and a safety device provided within the can. The safety device is configured to interrupt or reduce electric current passing from the electrode assembly to the output terminal when temperature inside the can exceeds a predetermined temperature.05-30-2013
20110111272NICKEL-HYDROGEN BATTERY PACK HEAT REMOVAL SYSTEM FOR HYBRID VEHICLE - A nickel-hydrogen battery pack heat removal system for hybrid vehicle is provided. The system includes a battery box, a power battery pack (05-12-2011
20110008655Cell connection straps for battery cells of a battery pack - A cell connection strap for electrically connecting a pair of adjacent battery cells within a battery pack includes, in one example, a fusible link for preventing a thermal runaway condition from occurring in a cell connected thereto. The strap may include raised features thereon for permitting relative movement between the cells in the pack due to vibration or an impact of the pack from translating stress to welds connecting the straps to the cells. In another example, the body of the cell strap may include slits formed in sides thereof to reduce rigidity of the strap for protecting the welds between strap and cell, and also provides a fusible link capability in the strap for preventing a thermal runaway condition from occurring in a cell connected thereto.01-13-2011
20110244281RECHARGEABLE BATTERY - A rechargeable battery including a collector plate having a fuse hole and a fuse protrusion, increasing the reliability of the fuse hole in view of its functionality as a fuse while strengthening a section where the fuse hole is formed, thereby improving safety of the rechargeable battery. A rechargeable battery includes an electrode assembly including a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate; a case containing the electrode assembly; and a collector plate electrically connected to the first electrode plate and including a fuse portion including a fuse hole formed therein and a fuse protrusion extending from a first side of the fuse portion adjacent a first end of the fuse hole.10-06-2011
20090311581Middle or Large-Sized Battery Module Employing Impact-Absorbing Member - Disclosed herein is a battery module using battery cells each having an electrode assembly mounted in a battery case including a resin layer and a metal layer as unit cells, wherein each battery cell has a thin upper end, including a sealing part, which is formed at a region where electrode terminals are placed, and an impact-absorbing member is mounted at the upper end of each battery cell. The battery module according to the present invention prevents the weak upper parts of battery cells, such as electrode terminals and sealing parts, from the breakage of the battery module or the occurrence of a short circuit in the battery module due to the movement of the battery cells caused by dropping of the battery module or application of external impacts to the battery module. Furthermore, the battery module according to the present invention is constructed in a structure in which the battery module can be flexibly extended and contracted depending upon desired electrical capacity and output, wires used to electrically connect components constituting the battery module are compact, and the electrical connection between the components of the battery module is stably accomplished.12-17-2009
20110086253ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL WITH AN IRREVERSIBLE FUSE - A rechargeable electrochemical cell includes at least one lithium-intercalating electrode; a thin flexible housing, which is closed in a sealed manner, including two films connected to one another by an adhesive or sealing layer; and at least one current output conductor in which an irreversibly tripping thermal fuse is integrated, and the fuse is arranged within the housing and/or embedded in the adhesive or sealing layer.04-14-2011
20120034502RECHARGEABLE BATTERY WITH CURRENT LIMITER - A rechargeable battery comprises a battery cell comprising a plurality of battery component films on a substrate, the battery component films including at least a pair of electrodes about an electrolyte. A current limiter is electrically coupled to the battery cell to limit the current flowing through the battery cell when (i) the current flowing through the battery cell exceeds a predefined current, (ii) the temperature of the battery cell exceeds a predefined temperature, or (iii) both.02-09-2012
20120034501Battery Pack Configuration to Reduce Hazards Associated with Internal Short Circuits - A battery pack, or battery pack module, is provided that is configured to respond to a short circuit of moderate current in a manner that minimizes the risk of an initial thermal runaway event propagating throughout the battery pack/battery pack module. In general, the battery pack/battery module allows pre-selection of which cell of the cells comprising the battery pack/battery pack module will be the last cell to respond to the short circuit. As a result, a thermal isolation barrier may be used to separate the preselected cell from the other cells of the battery pack/battery pack module, thereby minimizing the risk of excessive heating and extensive collateral damage.02-09-2012
20100255353Thermal switch material suitable for use in controlling short circuits in lithium-ion batteries and method of making the thermal switch material - A composite thermal switch material suitable for use in controlling short circuits in lithium ion batteries. The switch material comprises a substantially homogeneous matrix of metallic nanoparticles and non-electrically conductive polymeric nanoparticles, the non-electrically conductive polymeric nanoparticles being fused to one another and having a greater thermal expansion coefficient than the metallic nanoparticles, the metallic nanoparticles and the non-electrically conductive polymeric nanoparticles being present in said substantially homogeneous matrix in relative proportions such that the composite thermal switch material is electrically conductive below a switching temperature and is substantially non-electrically conductive at or above the switching temperature.10-07-2010
20110151293Secondary battery - A secondary battery includes a can having an opening at a side thereof, an electrode assembly inside the can, the electrode assembly including a first electrode, a second electrode, and a separator disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, a one-unit cap covering the opening of the can, the one-unit cap including a current interrupt unit, a cap-up on the current interrupt unit, a positive temperature coefficient (PTC) device between the current interrupt unit and the cap-up, and an adhesive unit attaching the current interrupt unit to the cap-up to integrate the current interrupt unit, the PTC device, and the cap-up with each other, and an insulating gasket sealing a space between the can and the one-unit cap to seal the can.06-23-2011
20090317697VEHICULAR COMBINATION CHILLER BYPASS SYSTEM AND METHOD - A chiller bypass system is provided for deployment onboard a vehicle that includes a battery pack through which a first coolant is circulated. In one embodiment, the chiller bypass system comprises a chiller, a chiller bypass duct fluidly coupled to the battery pack and configured to supply the first coolant thereto, and a chiller bypass valve. The chiller bypass valve includes: (i) a valve inlet fluidly coupled to the battery pack and configured to receive the first coolant therefrom, (ii) a first valve outlet fluidly coupled to the chiller and configured to supply the first coolant thereto, and (iii) a second valve outlet fluidly coupled to the chiller bypass duct and configured to supply the first coolant thereto. The chiller bypass valve selectively directs coolant flow between the first valve outlet and the second valve outlet to adjust the volume of the first coolant cooled by the chiller.12-24-2009
20090317698POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - In a power supply device, a power storage body is disposed in a casing that houses a cooling liquid. The power supply device includes oscillation means that oscillates the cooling liquid.12-24-2009
20110020676BATTERY DEVICE AND BATTERY UNIT - Occurrence of noise and invasion of grit or dust are prevented and occurrence of condensed water is suppressed.01-27-2011
20110027631TEMPERATURE-CONTROLLED BATTERY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR IT - A battery device having at least one battery and having at least one heating and/or cooling device temperature-controlling the battery. It is provided that the battery, submerged in an heating and/or cooling medium, is situated in a housing that accommodates the heating and/or cooling medium. The present invention also relates to a corresponding method.02-03-2011
20110081564BATTERY SYSTEM CONTAINING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL-CONTAINING CAPSULES IN INTERIOR CONFIGURATION THEREOF - Provided is a battery system in which an interior part of a battery structure includes particles (phase-change particles) containing materials (phase-change materials) having a high latent heat of phase change at a specific temperature, contained in a capsule made of an inert material. The battery system in accordance with the present invention can prolong a service life of the battery by inhibiting temperature elevation inside the battery under normal operating conditions without substantial effects on size, shape and performance of the battery, and further, can inhibit the risk of explosion resulting from a sharp increase in temperature inside the battery under abnormal operating conditions, thereby contributing to battery safety.04-07-2011
20090202890BATTERY PACK - A battery pack including a protection circuit configured to detect over-charge, over-discharge and over-current of a rechargeable battery to turn off a switch element, the switch element provided at a wire provided between the rechargeable battery and a load circuit or a charging device; a series circuit of a thermistor and a resistor, the series circuit provided in parallel to the rechargeable battery, the thermistor thermally connected to the rechargeable battery; and an abnormal temperature detection unit provided in the protection circuit, wherein the abnormal temperature detection unit operates the switch to be in an off state when the temperature of the rechargeable battery is higher than a predetermined temperature, and when a voltage of the wire is higher than a threshold voltage of a forward drop voltage of a body diode in the switch, the abnormal temperature detection unit operates the switch to be in an on state.08-13-2009
20120301755APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE TEMPERATURE OF A BATTERY IN A HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE - A method is provided for controlling the temperature of a traction battery in a hybrid vehicle, where the hybrid vehicle includes an internal combustion engine and an electric motor for traction power. The method includes providing a first temperature regulating circuit for the internal combustion engine, providing a second temperature regulating circuit for the traction battery, heating the traction battery by an electrical heater provided in the second temperature regulating circuit in series with a pump, a radiator and the traction battery, transferring power to the heater via a DC/DC converter in the second temperature regulating circuit from the electrical motor, which electrical motor is driven by the internal combustion engine, while the battery is below a predetermined temperature interval.11-29-2012
20100297483ELECTRIC STORAGE DEVICE AND VEHICLE - An electric storage device includes a plurality of electric storage elements each having a terminal at each end, and a support mechanism which supports the plurality of electric storage elements on both end sides of each of the electric storage elements, and a heat generator which is provided for a portion of the support mechanism that supports at least one end side of each of the electric storage elements and is capable of generating heat.11-25-2010
20120003516VEHICLE BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD - A vehicle battery temperature control system includes a battery, a heating device, a housing, a heat exchanger and a sensor. The battery has a heat sink that transfers thermal energy to the battery. The heating device is selectively operable to provide thermal energy. The housing includes a chamber that contains the battery and a saturated liquid coolant that substantially immerses the heat sink, and the coolant receives the thermal energy from the heating device to cause a phase change of the coolant from liquid to vapor to heat the heat sink which heats the battery. The heat exchanger removes thermal energy from the vapor to change the vapor to liquid and returns the liquid to the chamber. The sensor detects a characteristic of the vapor and signals operation of the heating device to provide the thermal energy based on a relationship between the characteristic and a threshold.01-05-2012
20120003515VEHICLE BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD - A vehicle battery temperature control system includes a battery, a housing, a heat exchanger, a valve and a sensor. The battery has a heat sink that transfers thermal energy. The housing has a chamber that contains the battery and saturated liquid coolant that substantially immerses the heat sink to receive the thermal energy to cause a phase change of the coolant from a liquid to a vapor. The heat exchanger removes thermal energy from the vapor to change the vapor to liquid, and returns the liquid to the chamber. The valve selectively fluidly couples the chamber to an air-conditioning system to enhance cooling of the coolant. The sensor detects a characteristic of the coolant and signals operation of the valve to fluidly couple the chamber to the air-conditioning refrigeration system to increase removal of thermal energy from the coolant based on a relationship between the characteristic of the coolant and a threshold.01-05-2012
20090202889Protection Circuit And Battery Pack - A secondary battery is protected from overcharging and excessive discharge current by a simple circuit. A comparator (CMP08-13-2009
20120156534SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR BATTERY PACK THERMAL MANAGEMENT - An apparatus is described including a hybrid power train having an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. The apparatus includes a hybrid power system battery pack that is electrically coupled to the electric motor. The apparatus includes an energy securing device that is thermally coupled to the hybrid power system battery pack. The energy securing device selectively removes thermal energy from the hybrid power system battery pack, and secure removed thermal energy. The energy securing device secures the removed thermal energy by storing the energy in a non-thermal for, or by using the energy to accommodate a present energy requirement.06-21-2012
20110104530METHOD AND DEVICE PROVIDING THE TEMPERATURE REGULATION OF A RECHARGEABLE ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE BATTERY - A thermal control device for at least one rechargeable electrical energy storage battery, in particular for a battery of a vehicle with electric or hybrid drive and comprising at least one electrochemical component. The device comprises at least one enclosure in which the electrochemical component of the battery is housed, at least one magnetocaloric heat pump associated with the enclosure, at least one heat transfer fluid circulating circuit coupled between the battery and the heat pump and at least one heat exchanging component that is open to the exterior environment and connected to the heat transfer fluid circulating circuit to exchange calories with the exterior environment.05-05-2011
20120251853FIBROUS SEPARATION MEMBRANE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed herein is a fibrous separation membrane for secondary batteries, comprising: a polymer layer which partially melts and blocks pores thereof thus cutting off electric current when a temperature of a secondary battery is increased; and heat-resistant resin layers applied on both sides of the polymer layer.10-04-2012
20090130543NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY - A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery includes a negative electrode including a negative electrode current collector and a negative electrode active material layer that is formed on a first region of the negative electrode current collector, a negative electrode terminal connected to an edge section of a second region of the negative electrode current collector, a positive electrode including a positive electrode active material layer positioned to face the negative electrode active material layer and the second region, and a stress imparting member which imparts a tensile stress or a shearing stress to the second region.05-21-2009
20130171484Materials and Methods for Autonomous Battery Shutdown - An autonomous battery shutdown system includes a battery including an anode and a cathode, and an electrolyte composition between the anode and the cathode. The electrolyte composition includes an ionically conductive liquid containing lithium ions, and temperature-sensitive particles including a polymer having a melting temperature between 60° C. and 120° C. When the temperature of the battery exceeds 120° C., the temperature-sensitive particles form an ion barrier that traverses the battery. The resulting shutdown battery may have a specific charge capacity that is more than 98% lower than the specific charge capacity of the original battery.07-04-2013
20100247987Apparatus and System for an Internal Fuse in a Battery Cell - A battery is disclosed for reducing the severity of thermal runaway. The battery includes an anode sheet, a cathode sheet, and a separator situated between the anode sheet and the cathode sheet. The anode sheet, cathode sheet, and separator may be put together in a jelly roll configuration. The battery also includes internal fuses that subdivide the anode sheet, cathode sheet, or both, into electrically separate areas. The fuses are activated during thermal runaway and isolate separate areas of the sheet, thus reducing the total energy available during thermal runaway and reducing the severity. The fuses may be positive temperature coefficient (PTC) fuses that conduct current at normal operating temperatures but stop conducting current at temperatures above normal operating temperatures. The fuses may be placed in the current collectors, or directly into the anode sheet and cathode sheet themselves. In certain embodiments, the fuses may stop conducting when they reach a predefined threshold temperature or when an excessively large current passes through the fuses.09-30-2010
20120129020TEMPERATURE-CONTROLLED BATTERY SYSTEM II - The invention relates to a battery system comprising at least one battery. According to the invention, provisions are made that said battery system comprises at least one Peltier element, which is used for cooling and/or for heating at least one battery.05-24-2012
20100330403Coupling waste heat into batteries - A system for maintaining battery temperatures for energy storage systems using heat created by power electronic device needed to interface the batteries to external power sources or loads is described. Waste heat is a product of internal resistance found in all electronic devices passing current. High-temperature electronics comprised of, silicon-on-insulator, silicon-on-sapphire, silicon-carbide, gallium-nitride or in conjunction with or combination of other wide bandgap semiconductors can used to monitor, charge or discharge the battery array. A thermal system where heat generated by power electronics is used to assist the thermal management of battery energy storage system increases overall system efficiency.12-30-2010
20110183167Secondary battery - A secondary battery including an electrode assembly including a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator disposed between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate; a case accommodating the electrode assembly; a cap plate sealing the case; a first electrode terminal electrically connected to the first electrode plate and penetrating through the cap plate; and a safety valve coupled to the first electrode terminal, the safety valve including a bimetal element.07-28-2011
20120251854BATTERY - A battery includes a cylindrical shaft core, and a wound electrode formed by winding a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator around the outer periphery of the core. The wound electrode has a first wound portion formed by winding a first active material uncoated portion of the first electrode plate, a second wound portion formed by winding a second active material uncoated portion of the second electrode plate, and a power generating portion positioned between the first and second wound portions and formed by winding the first and second electrode plates, and the separator. The shaft core has a current collector portion composed of a metal, which is comprised of a joint portion connected to the first or second wound portion. The portions of the first or second wound portion, which are positioned on the outside of the shaft core in the radial direction with respect to the joint portion, are overlapped and welded to the joint portion.10-04-2012
20120171529BATTERY PACK - Disclosed is a battery pack including a battery and a cooling member for cooling the battery. The cooling member includes a coolant and a container enclosing the coolant. The container is capable of having a releasing port for releasing the coolant at a first temperature of 100° C. or more. The cooling member is arranged at a position that allows the coolant released from the releasing port of the container to spread on a principal surface of the battery. The coolant may include water, a surfactant, and a metallic soap. The coolant may further include a foaming accelerator capable of foaming at a temperature of 100° C. or more.07-05-2012
20100062321COOLING APPARATUS AND VEHICLE - A cooling apparatus includes a case which houses a power storage unit, a heat transfer member which can contact with the case, and a driving mechanism which relatively moves the case and the heat transfer member and operates between a first state in which the case and the heat transfer member is in contacting state and a second state in which the case and the heat transfer member is in non-contacting state.03-11-2010
20100273034Battery pack enclosure with controlled thermal runaway release system - A battery pack thermal management system is provided that is comprised of at least one enclosure failure port integrated into at least one wall of a battery pack enclosure, where the enclosure failure port(s) remains closed during normal operation of the battery pack, and opens during a battery pack thermal runaway event, thereby providing a flow path for hot gas generated during the thermal runaway event to be exhausted out of the battery pack enclosure in a controlled fashion.10-28-2010
20100009246Bypass Function for a High Voltage Battery Cooling Strategy - A cooling system and method for a vehicle battery is described. A high flow rate cooling loop in heat transfer communication with the battery is provided, for removing heat from the battery with a coolant. A first cooling device may be selectively coupled to the high flow rate cooling loop, using a refrigerant fluid to transfer heat with the coolant, and a second cooling device can also be selectively coupled to the high flow rate cooling loop, using ambient air to transfer heat with the coolant. A valve for directing the coolant to at least a selected one of the first and second cooling devices is provided, and a controller is used to implement a coolant flow bypass function by commanding operation of the valve to bypass the selected one of the cooling devices to limit a temperature gradient between the coolant and the battery.01-14-2010
20120258341SECONDARY BATTERY - Disclosed is a battery pack which includes: a battery case comprising a first case member and a second case member, which in combination define an enclosed space, the first case member comprising a first sealing portion, the second case member comprising a second sealing portion, wherein the first and second sealing portions adhere to each other for sealing the enclosed space; an electrode assembly contained in the enclosed space, the electrode assembly comprising a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator disposed between the first and second electrode plates; an electrolyte contained in the enclosed space; and a pocket formed in at least one of the first and second sealing portions, wherein the pocket contains an ionic material.10-11-2012
20090017366BATTERY SYSTEM - A battery system includes a plurality of electrochemical cells each having at least one terminal and a plurality of members coupled together to form a frame for securing the electrochemical cells in place. At least one of the members has openings configured to receive the terminals of the plurality of cells and also has features for spacing apart the plurality of cells to facilitate the flow of a cooling fluid between the cells. The battery system further includes a battery management system provided at a first end of the frame and a device provided at a second end of the frame for providing the cooling fluid to the cells and to the battery management system simultaneously.01-15-2009
20080311466Thermoelectric methods to control temperature of batteries - A method of controlling a temperature of a battery is disclosed. The method includes providing a thermoelectric device in thermally-conductive contact with the battery, measuring an actual temperature of the battery, comparing the actual temperature of the battery to a reference temperature for the battery, heating the battery by operation of the thermoelectric device when the actual temperature is less than the reference temperature and cooling the battery by operation of the thermoelectric device when the actual temperature exceeds the reference temperature.12-18-2008
20130230750Hermetically-Sealed Feed-Through Device - A hermetically-sealed electrical feed-through device includes a conductor, an insulating sleeve, and an outer ferule interconnected in a manner preventing relative rotation therebetween and/or includes a thermocouple in direct contact with the conductor for monitoring temperature. The conductor can have a body section extending along an axis and having an outer contour including flats or an outwardly-extending eccentrically-shaped lobe. The sleeve confronts and covers the body section of the conductor and accommodates and engages the outer contour at the flats or lobe to prevent rotation of the conductor relative to the sleeve, and the outer ferrule sandwiches the insulating sleeve between the outer ferrule and the outer contour of the conductor. The outer ferrule accommodates and engages the sleeve adjacent the outer contour of the conductor at the flats or lobe to prevent rotation of the insulator sleeve relative to the outer ferrule.09-05-2013
20120094154BATTERY SYSTEMS WITH BATTERY GAUGE FUNCTIONS - A battery system includes an indicator, a sensor, and a controller. The indicator has multiple channels and is operable for displaying information about a battery cell unit according to control signals received via the channels. The channels include a first channel and the control signals include a first control signal. The sensor is operable for generating a sense signal. The controller has a first pin coupled to both the first channel and the sensor. The controller controls the first pin to apply the first control signal to the first channel when operating in the gauging mode and controls the first pin to receive the sense signal when operating in the sensing mode04-19-2012
20110159325COOLING DEVICE AND POWER SUPPLY - A cooling device including an intake duct achieving fluid communication between a vehicle interior and an inner part of a battery case, a fan unit for supplying the air via the intake duct to the inner part of the battery case, and a control device is used. The fan unit includes a fan and a motor driven by a constant voltage system. The control device includes a current value detecting portion and a judging portion. The current value detecting portion detects a current value of an electric current supplied to the motor. The judging portion compares the detected current value and a preset reference current value and, when the detected current value is lower than the reference current value, judges that there is an anomaly in a volume of the air supplied to the battery case.06-30-2011
20110262783Battery Cell with Center Pin Comprised of an Intumescent Material - A center pin for a battery cell that is designed to improve the thermal behavior of a cell during a thermal runaway event is provided in which the center pin is comprised, at least in part, of an intumescent material. The intumescent material may be used to fill a void within the center pin, or to cover an outer surface of the center pin. When the intumescent material covers the center pin, a secondary non-intumescent material may surround the intumescent material, for example in the form of a sleeve, thereby minimizing or preventing chemical reactions from occurring between the intumescent material and the materials comprising the electrode assembly.10-27-2011
20130177788NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY - A nonaqueous secondary cell comprising: an electrode including a current collector that has a multi-layered structure in which an electrically conductive layer is formed on both sides of an insulating layer, and an active material layer formed on the current collector; a through-member configured from an electrically conductive material and passing through the current collector in the thickness direction; and a tab electrode electrically connected with the electrode; a plurality of the electrodes being stacked; and asperities being provided on the surface of the through-member.07-11-2013
20130177787CURRENT COLLECTOR AND NONAQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY - A current collector comprising: a folded region in which an end part of a multi-layered structure having an insulation layer sandwiched by electrically conductive layers is folded at least twice in the same direction; the electrically conductive layers sandwiching the insulation layer being electrically connected to each other in the folded region; and inside surfaces of the end part of the current collector forming the folded region being either separated from each other or partially in contact with each other.07-11-2013
20130130076BATTERY PACK HAVING NOVEL STRUCTURE - Disclosed herein is a battery pack, temperature of which is controllable, including at least one battery module including a plurality of battery cells or unit modules (‘unit cells’) which can be charged and discharged, a fluid channel formed such that a fluid to cool or heat the battery module passes through the battery module, a flow change unit located on the fluid channel to change a flow direction of the fluid based on a temperature state of the battery module, and an operation controller to control an operation of the flow change unit based on information regarding the temperature of the battery module.05-23-2013
20130130075ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME - Provided are an electrode assembly for a secondary battery and a lithium secondary battery including the same. The electrode assembly for a secondary battery includes: a positive electrode having a positive electrode coating portion formed on a positive electrode collector; a negative electrode having a negative electrode coating portion formed on a negative electrode collector; and a polyolefin-based separator interposed between the positive and negative electrodes, wherein a PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient) material layer is formed on the top face of any one of the positive and negative electrode coating portions. Therefore, the PTC material layer plays a role of enabling active material to exhibit constant conductivity regardless of charge or discharge while the batteries are normally operated, and the PTC material layer increases safety properties of the batteries by changing the active material from conductor to nonconductor when temperatures inside the batteries are increased by short circuit or accidents.05-23-2013
20130130074METHOD FOR MITIGATING THERMAL PROPAGATION OF BATTERIES USING HEAT PIPES - A battery module with one or more battery cells and a heat exchange member placed in thermal communication with the battery cell, and a method of making a heat pipe system from the heat exchange member. The heat exchange member includes a container with a heat transfer fluid disposed therein. In one form, the heat transfer fluid is capable of going through a phase change as a way to absorb at least a portion of heat present in or generated by battery cell. A pressure control device cooperates with the container and heat transfer fluid such that upon attainment of a predetermined thermal event within the battery cell, the pressure control device permits liberation of at least a portion of the heat transfer fluid to an ambient environment, thereby relieving pressure on the container and removing some of the excess heat caused by the thermal event.05-23-2013
20120276424ELECTRIC POWER STORAGE SYSTEM - An electric power storage system 11-01-2012
20130236753BATTERY ASSEMBLY HAVING A HEAT-DISSIPATING AND HEAT-EMITTING FUNCTIONS - According to one embodiment of the present invention, a battery assembly comprises: a battery module comprising a plurality of unit batteries; an exterior case for housing the battery module in an internal space; and a heat-dissipating film which is inserted between the plurality of unit batteries and fitted tightly against each of the plurality of unit batteries, and is attached to the inside surface of the exterior case; and the heat-dissipating film comprises: first and second heat-dissipating layers which are formed of a thermally conductive material and discharge the heat of the unit batteries; and an adhesive layer which is formed between the first and second heat-dissipating layers and adheres the first and second heat-dissipating layers.09-12-2013
20120135281BATTERY SYSTEM CONTAINING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL-CONTAINING CAPSULES IN INTERIOR CONFIGURATION THEREOF - Provided is a battery system in which an interior part of a battery structure includes phase-change particles including a capsule and phase-change materials. The phase-change materials have a high latent heat of phase change at a specific temperature, and are encapsulated in the capsule. The capsule is made of an inert material. The battery system in accordance with the present invention can prolong a service life of the battery by inhibiting temperature elevation inside the battery under normal operating conditions without substantial effects on size, shape and performance of the battery, and further, can inhibit the risk of explosion resulting from a sharp increase in temperature inside the battery under abnormal operating conditions, thereby contributing to battery safety.05-31-2012
20130183554BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL DEVICE - Even when temperature sensors (07-18-2013
20130244066BATTERY MODULE RECEIVING APPARATUS, BATTERY MODULE THERMOSTAT, AND POWER STORAGE SYSTEM COMPRISING THE SAME - Disclosed is a battery module receiving apparatus of a rectangular parallelepiped shape having an inner space with the open front and rear, in which a plurality of battery cell insertion slots are formed at corresponding locations on the upper plate and the lower plate constituting the inner space to erectly insert a plurality of battery cells, and a plurality of heat transfer plate insertion slots are formed adjacent to a plurality of the battery cell insertion slots to erectly insert a plurality of heat transfer plates. A battery pack and a stack-type power storage system may be implemented by inserting a battery module through the front of the battery module receiving apparatus and a battery module thermostat through the rear of the battery module receiving apparatus.09-19-2013
20130252040HEAT CONTROL PLATE FOR BATTERY CELL MODULE AND BATTERY CELL MODULE HAVING THE SAME - The present invention provides a heat control plate and a battery cell module having the same. The heat control plate is used as an interfacial component interposed between battery cells. The heat control plate includes a planar composite sheet, a plurality of heat radiating ribbons, a planar heating layer, and a conductive strap. The plurality of heat radiating ribbons penetrate the composite sheet and protrude from both right and left sides of the composite sheet at both ends thereof. The planar heating layer is attached to one or both of upper and lower surfaces of the composite sheet and generates heat upon application of a voltage. The conductive strap applies a supply voltage to the planar heating layer. The planar composite sheet can have a high thermal conductivity. The planar composite sheet can have a thermal conductivity greater than about 3 W/mK.09-26-2013
20110318616HIGH-VOLTAGE BATTERY AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING TEMPERATURE RISE OF THE SAME - Provided are a high-voltage battery and a method of controlling temperature rise of the same, which can increase temperature of a battery module within a normal operation range and improve battery output features and durability without using an independent heating element, by balancing the temperature of the battery module with a balancing resistance of a sub-battery control system interposed between the battery modules, when the temperature of the battery module is less than reference temperature or there is a difference between temperature of a plurality of battery cells.12-29-2011
20120003517Secondary battery - An embodiment is directed to a secondary battery, including a case adapted to receive an electrode assembly, and a safety unit attached to an inner surface of the case, the safety unit adapted to punch the case when an internal temperature of the case reaches a predetermined temperature or higher.01-05-2012
20120021263TEMPERATURE ELEVATING APPARATUS OF SECONDARY BATTERY AND VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH SAME - A temperature elevating apparatus of a secondary battery (01-26-2012
20120295141Coolant Circulation Heater for an Electric Vehicle Battery - An electric vehicle battery heater includes a housing having a coolant inlet and a coolant outlet. A heating element is positioned within the housing in a heat transfer relationship with coolant for transferring heat to an electric vehicle battery. A thermistor is positioned in the housing to output a signal indicative of a temperature of the battery coolant. A controller energizes the heating element when the signal represents that the coolant temperature is less than a predetermined lower limit.11-22-2012
20100028760COMPUTER SYSTEM MOUNTED WITH BATTERY PACK AND SYSTEM MAIN BODY THEREOF - A computer system, including: a battery pack that includes at least one battery cell and a temperature sensing unit to sense the temperature of the battery cell; and a system main body that includes a system unit to perform an operation with operating power received from the battery cell, an evaluation circuit connected with the temperature sensing unit to determine the temperature of the battery cell measured by the temperature sensing unit, and a system control unit to perform system protection control if the temperature of the battery cell determined by the evaluation circuit is equal to or more than a predetermined value.02-04-2010

Patent applications in class Temperature control