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PROCESS OF CELL OPERATION

Subclass of:

429 - Chemistry: electrical current producing apparatus, product, and process

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
429051000 Electrolyte circulation 36
429052000 Activation of inactive cell 7
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20080274394Stacks Of Separators And Electrodes Alternately Stacked One On Top Of The Other And Fixed For Li Storage Batteries - The present invention relates to stacks comprising separators and electrodes stacked alternately one on top of the other and fixed, the stack having, on at least one side and/or edge of the stack, at least one adhesive bond comprising an organic adhesive, which bond adhesively bonds the electrodes and separators of the stack to one another, and a method for the production thereof and the use of these stacks in Li batteries.11-06-2008
20110189512CID Retention Device for Li-Ion Cell - A low pressure current interrupt device (CID) activates at a minimal threshold internal gauge pressure in a range of, for example, between about 4 kg/cm08-04-2011
20120183815Thermal Management System with Dual Mode Coolant Loops - A dual mode, thermal management system for use in a vehicle is provided. At a minimum, the system includes a first coolant loop in thermal communication with a battery system, a second coolant loop in thermal communication with at least one drive train component (e.g., electric motor, power electronics, inverter), a dual mode valve system that provides means for selecting between a first mode where the two coolant loops operate in parallel and a second mode where the two coolant loops operate in series, and a coolant reservoir that is coupled to both coolant loops when the two coolant loops are operating in series and only coupled to the drive train coolant loop when the two coolant loops are operating in parallel.07-19-2012
20100021800CARBON CATHODES FOR FLUORIDE ION STORAGE - The invention provides fluoride ion host electrodes for use in electrochemical cells. These electrodes include carbon nanomaterials having a curved multilayered structure and a film or particles of a metal-based material. The metal-based material may react with fluorine and may be a transition metal such as silver. The invention also provides electrochemical cells in which the fluoride host electrode serves as at least one electrode of the cell.01-28-2010
20100112416AUTOMATIC TESTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR COMPUTER SYSTEM - An automatic testing device and method are provided to automatically test a computer system that has an electric component and a battery. First of all, a power control module controls the electricity supplied from the battery to the electric component. Next, when the computer system enters a designated mode, a battery-related component status is retrieved from a recording module through a connection interface. Afterwards, according to the battery-related component status, the computer system obtains testing information to determine whether the electric component operates normally. Since the power control module, the connection interface and the recording module are internal elements commonly configured computer system, the proposed device and method facilitate the testing tasks without any external instruments.05-06-2010
20120244394ENERGY STORAGE UNIT HAVING EXTENDED SERVICE LIFE - A device for storing electrical energy, according to the invention has at least 09-27-2012
20120244392BATTERY PACK SUPPORT WITH THERMAL CONTROL - A battery support includes a rigid, thermally conductive upper plate having first and second opposing major surfaces. The support also includes at least one lower plate disposed on the second major surface and comprising a plurality of protrusions extending away from the second major surface and in fluid communication, the plurality of protrusions defining a first manifold portion, a second manifold portion, and plurality of non-linear passages extending along a first direction between the first and second manifolds, a cross-section of the plurality of protrusions defining the plurality of non-linear passages comprising a curved portion with a width that is at least twice the height of the curved portion. The support further includes a first conduit in fluid communication with the first manifold portion and a second conduit in fluid communication with the second manifold portion.09-27-2012
20120263979BATTERY HOLDER CAPABLE OF INDICATING USABILITY STATUS OF THE BATTERIES - Apparatuses and methods for portable storage of disposable or rechargeable batteries are disclosed. The battery holder can have several battery compartments, each being suitable for securely holding a battery of a certain size. Additionally, the battery holder has visible indicia instructing a user as to how to orient the battery in the compartment depending on whether the battery is empty or full. Thus, the orientation of the battery in the holder signals battery's empty/full status to the user. The battery compartments can be arranged in one or more rows, circularly, or in a honeycomb orientation. The battery holder can be made of elastic material capable of securely keeping the battery in place. The battery compartments for round batteries can have a non-round cross section, thus enabling air escape from the compartment as the battery is inserted. The compartments can be slightly conical along the axis (draft tapered walls), therefore capable of securing batteries having somewhat different sizes due to tolerances. A lid for covering batteries can be attached with the battery holder. The battery holder can have a tab for keychain attachment.10-18-2012
20100104927TEMPERATURE-CONTROLLED BATTERY CONFIGURATION - A vehicle includes a body adapted to carry passengers or cargo, an electric engine/motor, and a temperature-controlled battery configuration. The battery configuration includes a casing, and a plurality of alternating Lithium-ion cell packs and spacers defining vertical channels, the spacers supporting the cell packs in a hanging manner in the casing. The casing is flooded with a thermally-conductive electrically-insulating fluid flowing from the inlet under the cell packs, upwardly across the cell packs and out an outlet to a heat exchanger for controlling a temperature of the cell packs. A fluid pump connected to the engine/motor and a heat exchanger pumps the liquid through the system. A controller is provided for controlling the pump and fluid flow to control a temperature of the battery configuration to maintain the temperature in a desired temperature range.04-29-2010
20100143770CID Retention Device For Li-ion Cell - A low pressure current interrupt device (CID) activates at a minimal threshold internal gauge pressure in a range of, for example, between about 4 kg/cm06-10-2010
20120164494ELECTRODE COIL - The invention relates to an electrode coil (06-28-2012
20090123815Electrochemical energy store - An electrochemical energy store, including at least one electrochemical cell as well as at least one latent heat storage unit, which includes at least one phase change material. The at least one electrochemical cell is a lithium ion accumulator. The exemplary embodiments and/or exemplary methods of the present invention also includes the use of the electrochemical energy store in an electric vehicle or a hybrid vehicle. Furthermore, the exemplary embodiments and/or exemplary methods of the present invention relates to a method for temperature regulation of an electrochemical energy store.05-14-2009
20090123814POWER SOURCE AND METHOD OF MANAGING A POWER SOURCE - In one embodiment, the invention includes a power source having a plurality of battery groups and a processor coupled to the groups and adapted to electrically disconnect a group from the power source. Each group includes a plurality of cells, a sensor adapted to sense operating parameters of the cells, and a protection circuit coupled to the sensor. In another embodiment, the invention includes a method of managing a power source with a two-tier approach. On a group level, the method includes retrieving cell data representative of the operating parameters of the cells of the group and managing the connection state of the group based on the retrieved cell data. On a system level, the method includes, retrieving group data representative of the operating parameters of the groups and managing the connection state of the group based on the retrieved group data.05-14-2009
20090123813MULTIFUNCTIONAL MIXED METAL OLIVINES FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERIES - Electroactive compositions are disclosed for use in lithium ion battery electrodes. The compositions, such as multifunctional mixed metal olivines, provide an electrochemical cell having a plurality of open circuit voltages at different states of charge. The compositions afford improved state-of-charge monitoring, overcharge protection and/or overdischarge protection for lithium ion batteries.05-14-2009
20130052492LITHIUM ION CELL HAVING INTRINSIC PROTECTION AGAINST THERMAL RUNAWAY - The present invention relates to an electrochemical cell for a lithium ion battery comprising at least (i) one electrolyte, (ii) at least one cathodic electrode, (iii) at least one anodic electrode and (iv) at least one separator disposed between cathodic electrode and anodic electrode, wherein said separator comprises at least one porous ceramic material. The electrochemical cell is enclosed in a gas-tight manner in a pressure-resistant housing, wherein said housing and said electrochemical cell do not comprise any means for reducing the pressure in the housing, especially no bursting device, pressure valve, one-way valve, central pin, mandrel or the like.02-28-2013
20130052491THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR A MULTI-CELL ARRAY - A thermal management system for an energy storage system that controls the temperature of an array of electrochemical cells of the energy storage system. Fluid channels or pathways are provided around outer side regions of an array of electrochemical cells. Fluid flow is directed along one pathway to a next subsequent pathway, absorbing thermal energy generated by the array of electrochemical cells along the way. The fluid flow is eventually discharged from the energy storage system by the thermal management system, thereby removing thermal energy from the energy storage system.02-28-2013
20130089758BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL APPARATUS AND BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD - A battery temperature control apparatus capable of controlling the temperature of a battery to reach a suitable condition is provided. Thermal capacity determining unit 04-11-2013
20130071702FUEL CELLS - A redox fuel cell comprising an anode and a cathode separated by an ion selective polymer electrolyte membrane; means for supplying a fuel to the anode region of the cell; means for supplying an oxidant to the cathode region of the cell; means for providing an electrical circuit between respective anodes and cathodes of the cell; a catholyte solution comprising at least one catholyte component, the catholyte solution comprising a redox mediator couple; and a regeneration zone comprising a catholyte channel and a porous member having an active surface, the catholyte channel being arranged to direct a flow of catholyte adjacent to or towards the active surface, the means for supplying an oxidant to the cell being adapted to supply the oxidant to the porous member.03-21-2013
20130071701Response to High Voltage Electrolysis of Coolant in a Battery Pack - An apparatus and method providing for detecting and responding to high voltage electrolysis within an electric vehicle battery enclosure to limit possible excessive thermal condition of the individual battery cells and modules. A microprocessor-implemented response system for high voltage electrolysis in a battery pack an evaluator to monitor, using the microprocessor, a high voltage electrolysis flag indicative of a possible high voltage electrolysis within an enclosure including a plurality of electrically-coupled battery modules storing energy for the battery pack and a coolant distribution system disposed among and electrically isolated from the plurality of battery modules; and a remediation system, coupled to the enclosure and responsive to the possible high voltage electrolysis when the evaluator detects a likelihood of the possible high voltage electrolysis, to decrease risks associated with the possible high voltage electrolysis when operated.03-21-2013
20130071700COMPACT BATTERY COOLING DESIGN - A battery module is described. The battery module includes the battery module includes a plurality of repeating frames; a plurality of battery cells positioned between the plurality of repeating frames, the battery cells having a flexible heat conducting covering, an edge of the heat conducting covering folded over an outside edge of the repeating frame; and a heat sink contacting the edge of the heat conducting covering folded over the edge of the repeating frame. A method of cooling a battery module is also described.03-21-2013
20130071699INTERCONNECTION-LESS LIQUID FIN DESIGN FOR BATTERY COOLING MODULE - A battery module is described. The battery module includes a plurality of cooling fins having an inlet section, a center section, and an outlet section, the inlet and outlet sections extending from opposite ends of the center section at an angle from a plane defined by the center section, the cooling fins having at least one cooling channel extending from an inlet of the inlet section through the center section to an outlet of the outlet section; and a plurality of battery cells positioned in the center section between the plurality of cooling fins. A method of cooling a battery module is also described.03-21-2013
20130059176ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY IN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS WITH A LARGE DIAMETER AND HIGH STORAGE CAPACITY - An electrochemical cell assembly has electrochemical cells of large diameter and high storage capacity, making it particularly useful for stabilization of electric supply systems. The assembly includes at least one electrochemical cell composed of a layer of: a liquid metal or liquid metal alloy forming the cathode, a liquid electrolyte layer, and a layer of a liquid metal or liquid metalloid forming the anode. An electrically insulating inner tube is provided along the vertical axis of the assembly, the presence of which prevents the occurrence of the Tayler instability or other instabilities caused in the liquids by the current flow, and thus prevents the intermixing of the liquids. Another very efficient option for increasing the maximum current of the cell is that of conducting a current having a suitable direction and intensity through the interior of the inner tube.03-07-2013
20130059175BATTERY WITH DEGASSING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISSIPATING EMERGING SUBSTANCES - The invention relates to a battery with a degassing system and to a method for dissipating substances emerging from a battery, by which means the gases and electrolytes which result from chemical activity can be dissipated using simple means in this way, and battery cells are protected against damage. The invention provides that the battery with the degassing system comprises a base plate (03-07-2013
20130059174Partially surface-mediated lithium ion-exchanging cells and method for operating same - A lithium super-battery cell comprising: (a) A cathode comprising a cathode active material having a surface area to capture or store lithium thereon, wherein the cathode active material is not a functionalized material and does not bear a functional group; (b) An anode comprising an anode current collector; (c) A porous separator disposed between the two electrodes; (d) A lithium-containing electrolyte in physical contact with the two electrodes, wherein the cathode active material has a specific surface area of no less than 100 m03-07-2013
20110014504LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY - In order to provide a lithium secondary battery having high terminal-to-terminal open circuit voltage at the end of charge, suppressed amount of evolved gas on continuous charge, and superior cycle characteristics, the electrolyte solution thereof comprises either both vinylethylene carbonate compound and vinylene carbonate compound, lactone compound having a substituent at its α position in an amount of 0.01 weight % or more and 5 weight % or less, lactones having an unsaturated carbon-carbon bond in an amount of 0.01 weight % or more and 5 weight % or less, or sulfonate compound represented by the formula below.01-20-2011
20110014503ALKALINE EARTH METAL ION BATTERY - Electrochemical cells having molten electrodes comprising an alkaline earth metal provide receipt and delivery of power by transporting atoms of the alkaline earth metal between electrode environments of disparate the alkaline earth metal chemical potentials.01-20-2011
20120225332THERMAL ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - Technologies are generally described for methods and systems for implementing a thermal electrochemical cell. Some example electrochemical cells described herein may comprise a first container including a first electrode and an electrolyte effective to receive electrons from the first electrode. Some electrochemical cells may further comprise a second container including a second electrode and an aqueous suspension including zinc oxide nanoparticles. Some electrochemical cells may also further comprise a contact member in between the first container and the second container.09-06-2012
20120225331BATTERY PACK PROTECTION SYSTEM - An application for a battery pack that includes walls made of sturdy material, power interface terminals and battery cells/electronics held within the walls. A protective layer contains the battery cells. The protective layer reduces external harm from heat, out-gassing and/or explosion of one or more of the battery cells.09-06-2012
20130065093Historical Analysis of Battery Cells for Determining State of Health - Battery cells may be monitored and a historical profile of the battery generated. The historical profile may be used to analyze a state-of-health of the battery cell. For example, the historical profile may be used to determine when a battery cell has developed an internal short that creates a safety hazard. The historical profile may include a count of the number of times the battery cell was out of balance and a count of the number of Coulombs the battery cell was out of balance. The number of Coulombs may be counted for a window of time. When the number of Coulombs exceeds a Coulomb threshold, a state-of-health flag may be set for the battery cell. The Coulomb threshold may be adjusted based, in part, on the counted number of times the battery cell is out of balance.03-14-2013
20130065095DESCRIBING A TEMPERATURE-CONTROL REQUEST IN ONE BYTE - A plurality of types of heat-treatment requests are described in a signal in a single byte.03-14-2013
20130065094METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COOLING SECONDARY BATTERY - Provided are a method and system for rapidly cooling a lithium secondary battery. A conductive connector is connected to at least one of positive and negative electrode terminals of a lithium secondary battery, and the conductive connector is brought into contact with a coolant to cool battery cells. The coolant may be water or air and may flow a coolant tube formed of a synthetic resin. An end of the coolant tube is fixed to at least one of the positive and negative electrode terminals. Therefore, owing to a cooling means disposed at a side of the lithium secondary battery, the temperature of the lithium secondary battery can be prevented from increasing to a preset value due to abnormal heating, and thermal stability of the lithium secondary battery can be improved by rapid cooling.03-14-2013
20090233156NANOSTRUCTURED BATTERY HAVING END OF LIFE CELLS - A cell-array battery is disclosed having end-of-life cells that can be activated at the end of a battery's life to, illustratively, neutralize the toxic chemicals inside the battery. In one embodiment, neutralization of the electrolyte in the battery is achieved through immobilization of the electrolyte at the end of the life of the battery by, for example, a vitrification process. Using electrowetting techniques, the electrolyte is made to contact a neutralizing substance between the nanostructures in one or more end-of-life cells, thus causing a reaction that results in the electrolyte becoming immobilized by, for example, a polymer substance. In a second illustrative embodiment, when the electrolyte contacts the substance between the nanostructures in one or more end-of-life cells, the chemical composition of the electrolyte is changed into a less toxic chemical compound, thus neutralizing the electrolyte.09-17-2009
20130164572BATTERY DEVICE WITH VERIFICATION FUNCTION, ANTI-THEFT METHOD AND PACKAGING METHOD THEREOF - A battery device with a verification function, an anti-theft method and a packaging method thereof are disclosed. By detecting electrical characteristics of a battery, an enabling or disable signal is generated. When the enable signal is generated, a transmission unit is triggered for verification as well as obtaining a verification result. When the verification result fails, the self-discharge rate of the battery is increased. This mechanism helps improving the anti-theft function of the battery.06-27-2013
20130164573RECHARGEABLE ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM THERMAL CONDITIONING USING RESS STATE OF CHARGE - Methods, systems, and vehicles are provided that provide for thermal conditioning of a vehicle rechargeable energy storage system (RESS). A thermal conditioning system is coupled to the RESS, and is configured to thermally condition the RESS. A control system is coupled to the thermal conditioning system, and is configured to estimate a state of charge for the RESS and provide instructions for the thermal conditioning system to thermally conditioning the RESS based on the state of charge.06-27-2013
20090253025Sodium ion based aqueous electrolyte electrochemical secondary energy storage device - A secondary hybrid aqueous energy storage device includes an anode electrode, a cathode electrode which is capable of reversibly intercalating sodium cations, a separator, and a sodium cation containing aqueous electrolyte, wherein an initial active cathode electrode material comprises an alkali metal containing active cathode electrode material which deintercalates alkali metal ions during initial charging of the device.10-08-2009
20120114983Battery Pack - In certain embodiments, an apparatus comprises a battery housing and mechanical switches. The battery housing is configured to house one or more batteries and comprises a connector configured to provide current to a device. A surface of the battery housing forms slots, where each slot is configured to receive a battery. Each mechanical switch is coupled to a slot and is configured to allow current from the battery to flow to the connector if a battery is received in the slot, and to pass current through the slot if a battery is not received in the slot.05-10-2012
20110111269Flash Cooling System for Increased Battery Safety - In a battery pack having multiple battery cells distributed, for example, between multiple interconnected battery modules, a run-time cooling system is provided to cool (and/or heat) the battery cells during routine charging and discharging of the cells (e.g., powering a load such as a motor within an electric or hybrid-electric vehicle), and an emergency cooling system to cool the battery cells in response to a signal indicating detection of one or more conditions indicating possible thermal runaway within the battery cells or battery modules. The run-time cooling system, which may include a fan, HVAC unit or other fluid pumping device, induces continuous coolant flow within the battery pack (e.g., flow of air or other gaseous or liquid coolant). The emergency cooling system, by contrast, includes a mechanical interface or is otherwise adapted to receive a receptacle containing pressurized coolant or other flash-cooling device.05-12-2011
20110236730BATTERY WATERING SYSTEM - A system for watering aqueous battery cells. The system includes a water conduit connectable to a water source, and multiple nozzles attached to and in fluid communication with the water conduit for distributing water to each of the battery cells. The nozzles provide a similar flow rate of water over a similar period of time to provide a similar amount of water to each cell. A method for watering multiple battery cells is also provided.09-29-2011
20110300418Lithium secondary battery - A lithium secondary battery including lithium molybdate. The lithium molybdate is a composite including amorphous lithium molybdate as a minor component and crystalline lithium molybdate as a major component.12-08-2011
20120189879METHOD AND DEVICE FOR APPLICATION OF A PRESSURE TO A BATTERY - A method and device is disclosed for application of a pressure to a battery which has at least one or more cells, in order to reduce adverse effects on operation which occur because of different battery states of charge. The device is designed to carry out the method such that the pressure is adjusted as a function of the respective battery volume and/or of the respective battery state of charge.07-26-2012
20120189878Optimizing Battery Usage - Techniques for optimizing battery usage are provided. The techniques include sensing energy level of a battery, comparing the sensed energy level of the battery to a predetermined energy threshold for the battery, and controlling energy flow to and from the battery based on the comparison of the sensed energy level and the energy threshold.07-26-2012
20110281145BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Systems and methods for temperature control of a battery pack at, below, or above a target temperature, and/or within a temperature range. Systems and methods for battery pack thermal management having a thermally conductive interstitial member between battery cells and a thermally conductive plate or plates coupled to the interstitial member along which fluid flows to effect the temperature of the battery pack by drawing heat generated by the battery pack away from the battery pack in multiple directions, and/or by imparting heat to the battery pack in multiple directions. Systems and methods for battery pack thermal management having a thermally conductive interstitial member between cells of the battery pack and a plate coupled to the interstitial member along which fluid can flow in multiple directions to maintain the battery pack at, above, or below a target temperature, within a temperature range, and/or to minimize the pack temperature gradient.11-17-2011
20080311465ALPHA VOLTAIC BATTERIES AND METHODS THEREOF - An alpha voltaic battery includes at least one layer of a semiconductor material comprising at least one p/n junction, at least one absorption and conversion layer on the at least one layer of semiconductor layer, and at least one alpha particle emitter. The absorption and conversion layer prevents at least a portion of alpha particles from the alpha particle emitter from damaging the p/n junction in the layer of semiconductor material. The absorption and conversion layer also converts at least a portion of energy from the alpha particles into electron-hole pairs for collection by the one p/n junction in the layer of semiconductor material.12-18-2008
20110104526SOLID-STATE SODIUM-BASED SECONDARY CELL HAVING A SODIUM ION CONDUCTIVE CERAMIC SEPARATOR - The present invention provides a solid-state sodium-based secondary cell (or rechargeable battery). While the secondary cell can include any suitable component, in some cases, the secondary cell comprises a solid sodium metal negative electrode that is disposed in a non-aqueous negative electrolyte solution that includes an ionic liquid. Additionally, the cell comprises a positive electrode that is disposed in a positive electrolyte solution. In order to separate the negative electrode and the negative electrolyte solution from the positive electrolyte solution, the cell includes a sodium ion conductive electrolyte membrane. Because the cell's negative electrode is in a solid state as the cell functions, the cell may operate at room temperature. Additionally, where the negative electrolyte solution contains the ionic liquid, the ionic liquid may impede dendrite formation on the surface of the negative electrode as the cell is recharged and sodium ions are reduced onto the negative electrode.05-05-2011
20110300417REDOX FLOW BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE BATTERY CONTINUOUSLY IN A LONG PERIOD OF TIME - The present invention provides a redox flow battery comprising a positive electrolyte storage tank and a negative electrolyte storage tank, wherein the positive electrolyte storage tank and the negative electrolyte storage tank is kept to be in liquid communication through a pipe, wherein the length-to-diameter ratio of the pipe for the liquid communication is not less than about 10. The present invention also provides a method for operating the redox flow battery continuously in a long period of time.12-08-2011
20090104510LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE CELL WITH REFERENCE ELECTRODE FOR STATE OF HEALTH MONITORING - A battery management system includes one or more lithium ion cells in electrical connection, each said cell comprising: first and second working electrodes and one or more reference electrodes, each reference electrode electronically isolated from the working electrodes and having a separate tab or current collector exiting the cell and providing an additional terminal for electrical measurement; and a battery management system comprising a battery state-of-charge monitor, said monitor being operable for receiving information relating to the potential difference of the working electrodes and the potential of one or more of the working electrodes versus the reference electrode.04-23-2009
20110143173Metal Oxygen Battery Containing Oxygen Storage Materials - A battery system includes a metal oxygen battery. The metal oxygen battery includes a first electrode, an oxygen storage material, and a selective transport member separating the oxygen storage material and the first electrode.06-16-2011
20110143174LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING SHORT RESISTANCE THEREOF - Provided is a lithium secondary battery including a positive electrode having a positive electrode active material, a negative electrode having a negative electrode active material, and a polymer electrolyte composition having a polymer electrolyte, a non-aqueous organic solvent, and a lithium salt. The content of the polymer electrolyte is 9 to 20 wt %, based on the total weight of the polymer electrolyte composition.06-16-2011
20090311580Nanosized Electrochemical Dispersion for Rechargeable Alkaline Zinc Batteries - The present invention relates to a nanosized electrochemical dispersion comprising essentially modified silica sol and at least one additive; also a process of preparing nanosized electrochemical dispersion, wherein the process comprises step of loading at least one additive to metalate modified silica sol to obtain the dispersion; in addition a rechargeable alkaline storage zinc battery comprising nanosized electrochemical dispersion consisting of essentially modified silica sol and at least one additive; further a method of manufacturing a rechargeable alkaline storage zinc battery, wherein the method comprises steps of adding a nanosized electrochemical dispersion consisting essentially modified silica sol and at least one additive into a conventional alkaline storage zinc battery to obtain a rechargeable alkaline storage zinc battery; and further a process to prevent dissolution of zinc in a battery, wherein the process comprises addition of nanosized aqueous electrochemical dispersion comprising essentially modified silica sol and at least one additive to the battery, and preventing the dissolution of zinc electrode in the battery.12-17-2009
20100028758Suppression of battery thermal runaway - Thermal runaway in battery packs is suppressed by inserting packages of hydrated hydrogel at physical interfaces between groups of one or more cells. The hydrogel acts to diffuse and absorb thermal energy released by the cells in the event of a cell failure. During extreme overheating of a battery cell, the water stored by the hydrogel will undergo phase change, that is, begin to vaporize, thus absorbing large amounts of thermal energy and preventing thermal runaway.02-04-2010
20090280394POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - In a power supply device, a power supply body, and a cooling liquid that cools the power supply body are housed in a power supply casing. The power supply device includes a plurality of agitation members that agitate the cooling liquid; and a transmission mechanism that transmits driving power from a drive motor to each of the agitation members. Examples of the transmission mechanism include a gear, a belt, and a chain.11-12-2009
20100086833Battery - A battery includes an anode having an alkali metal as the active material, a cathode having, for example, iron disulfide as the active material, and an increased electrolyte volume.04-08-2010
20100227204Concentration cell energy storage device - A method and apparatus for the accumulation and storage of energy in electrically reversible manner wherein a two chamber electrochemical cell(a single one or part of an array of such cells) has an electrolyte of common specie solutions in the multi-chambers associated with cell electrodes and application of voltage to the electrodes causes dissimilar concentrations of ions in two chambers so that the energy is stored and reversing polarity of the electrodes allows energy discharge and normalization of concentration. Materials may be reversibly stored in the cell as solids when exceeding the solubility limits of the electrolyte, such storage being done preferably at porous electrode surfaces.09-09-2010
20090274948CORDLESS POWER TOOL BATTERY PACK SYSTEM - A battery pack is provided that includes a base unit, a top cover, a top circuit board, and a bottom circuit board. The base unit is disposed to retain a plurality of batteries, and the top cover is disposed to attach to the base unit to secure the plurality of batteries therein. The top circuit board and the bottom circuit board are positioned opposite each other and are secured within the base unit by the top cover. Each circuit board includes a plurality of conductors. The plurality of batteries are configured to position between the plurality of conductors of the top circuit board and the plurality of conductors of the bottom circuit board such that individual batteries of the plurality of batteries can be replaced.11-05-2009
20100081038ACCUMULATOR WITH EXTENDED ECONOMIC LIFE-TIME - An electrical energy storage device includes at least one galvanic cell partly surrounded by a cell sheath, at least one heat-conducting device effectively connected to the galvanic cell, the heat-conducting device being suitable for supplying heat energy to the cell and/or conducting heat energy from the cell, a cell holding device enclosing an interior space at least partially with a wall, the interior space being suitable for accommodating each galvanic cell, and the cell sheath being at least partly effectively connected to the wall, at least one first measurement device suitable for acquiring a temperature at a prespecified position of the galvanic cell, and a control device suitable for evaluating a signal of each first measurement device that is present and/or for controlling the heat-conducting devices, heat-conducting apparatus being situated between the cell sheath and at least one of the wall of cell holding device and an additional cell sheath.04-01-2010
20120107649BATTERY THERMAL SYSTEM WITH INTERLOCKING STRUCURE COMPONENTS - A battery module is described. The battery module includes a plurality of battery cells; a plurality of cooling fin assemblies, each cooling fin assembly positioned between two battery cells, the cooling fin assemblies comprising at least one cooling fin and a foot on at least one side of the cooling fin assemblies, the foot having a bottom and interlocking profiles on each end, the interlocking profiles on adjacent feet of the cooling fin assemblies interlocking the feet and forming a surface; and a heat sink contacting the surface of the interlocked feet. A method of cooling a battery module is also described.05-03-2012
20100099013BATTERY WITH PRESSURE RELIEF CHANNEL - A battery having an outer casing and an anode/cathode assembly within that casing, wherein the anode/cathode assembly includes plural anodes and cathodes and electrolyte therebetween. The battery has a pressure relief feature associated with the casing and a channel preservation element sufficiently rigid to preserve at least one gas passageway to the pressure relief feature under conditions of anode/cathode assembly warpage. Thus the gas in the passageway will not become impeded by anode/cathode assembly warpage.04-22-2010
20090286137Recycling Batteries Having Basic Electrolytes - Embodiments related to recycling alkaline batteries are disclosed. In one disclosed embodiment, a method for recycling a battery having a basic electrolyte comprises rupturing the battery under anaerobic conditions and flooding the interior of the battery with carbon dioxide in an anaerobic chamber.11-19-2009
20110171503LIQUID ELECTROLYTE STORAGE BATTERY AND METHOD FOR FILLING - The liquid electrolyte storage battery includes a battery case consisting of a top wall, a bottom wall and a side wall delineating a cavity. The top wall includes an electrolyte injection hole. The battery case also includes a lateral hole formed in a bottom area of the side wall and defining a tank area for a liquid electrolyte solution. The tank area is delineated by the bottom wall, the side wall and a plane parallel to the bottom wall and passing via the lower edge of the lateral hole.07-14-2011
20100279152BATTERY SYSTEMS, BATTERY MODULES, AND METHOD FOR COOLING A BATTERY MODULE - Battery systems, battery modules, and a method for cooling a battery module are provided. The battery module includes a battery cell having a first side and a second side, and a first graphite sheet disposed on the first side of the battery cell that conducts heat energy from the battery cell into the first graphite sheet to cool the battery cell. The battery module further includes a first cooling manifold coupled to the first graphite sheet that conducts heat energy from the first graphite sheet into the first cooling manifold. The first cooling manifold is further configured to receive a fluid that flows therethrough to conduct heat energy from the first cooling manifold into the fluid.11-04-2010
20110200852METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY - A plurality of sodium-sulfur batteries are divided into a plurality of groups. Power to be input or output, which is assigned to all sodium-sulfur batteries in order to compensate for fluctuations of output power of a power generation device, is distributed to each group. The plurality of sodium-sulfur batteries divided in the groups are periodically rotated. This enables a uniform utilization rate of the sodium-sulfur batteries to be achieved.08-18-2011
20120295139SYSTEM FOR ENERGY STORAGE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME - Disclosed herein are a system for energy storage may include: a unit cell package in which the plurality of unit cells are connected in series and/or in parallel; an input/output terminal connected with the unit cell package to supply energy to the unit cell package or output energy stored in the unit cell package; an interruption switch connected between the unit cell package and the input/output terminal to connect or interrupt the unit cell package and the input/output terminal with and from each other; a slave connected with the plurality of unit cells and/or the unit cell package to monitor voltages of the plurality of unit cells and/or a voltage of the unit cell package; and a master connected with the slave to receive information monitored by the slave and generate a signal for controlling the slave and the interruption switch in accordance with the monitored information.11-22-2012
20090169977SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING AND RESPONDING TO FORCES INFLUENCING A BATTERY - Systems and methods for monitoring and responding to forces influencing batteries of electronic devices are provided.07-02-2009
20110206953METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY - A method for controlling a plurality of sodium-sulfur batteries that, in an interconnected system in which a power generation device that fluctuates in output and an electric power storage-compensation device are combined to supply power to an electric power system, are each included in the electric power storage-compensation device and compensate for output fluctuations of the power generation device, is provided. When one sodium-sulfur battery of the plurality of sodium-sulfur batteries reaches a discharge end, the sodium-sulfur battery reaching the discharge end is charged from a sodium-sulfur battery other than the sodium-sulfur battery reaching the discharge end. When one sodium-sulfur battery of the plurality of sodium-sulfur batteries reaches a charge end, the sodium-sulfur battery reaching the charge end is discharged to charge a sodium-sulfur battery other than the sodium-sulfur battery reaching the charge end.08-25-2011
20110200851VENT CAP WITH WATERING VALVE - A vent cap includes a main body configured to be received within an opening in a cover of a battery cell, the main body including a fluid flow path formed therethrough to facilitate a flow of a fluid to be added to the battery cell, a valve moveably disposed within the flow path to selectively open and close the fluid flow path, and a float coupled to the valve and positioned to float adjacent a surface of a fluid disposed within the battery cell, the float causing the valve to open the fluid flow path at a pre-determined fluid level within the battery cell to permit the fluid to be added to the battery cell to flow through the fluid flow path, wherein the fluid flow path is configured to minimize an impinging on the float by the fluid to be added to the battery cell.08-18-2011
20080233467Lithium cell - A primary cell having an anode comprising lithium and a cathode comprising iron disulfide (FeS09-25-2008
20080280191LITHIUM FLUOROPOLYMER AND FLUORO-ORGANIC BATTERIES - The invention provides lithium and lithium ion batteries in which the active material of one of the electrodes includes a substantial quantity of a fluoropolymer or fluoro-oligomer material having carbon-fluorine bonds. The fluoropolymer or fluoro-oligomer active material may be mixed with a substantial quantity of electrically conductive material, and may also be mixed with subfluorinated carbonaceous materials. The batteries of the invention are useful for elevated temperature applications. The invention also provides methods for electrochemical generation of energy which employ the batteries of the invention at elevated temperatures.11-13-2008
20130189551THERMAL DECOUPLING OF BATTERY CELLS IN THE CASE OF A MALFUNCTION - A battery module having a plurality of battery cells positioned adjacent to one another and electrically connected to one another, between which the thermal resistance between adjacent battery cells may be increased in the case of a malfunction of the battery module and/or of individual battery cells, in order to prevent overheating of adjacent cells. In addition, a method for thermally decoupling battery cells in the case of a malfunction is described.07-25-2013
20100279154BATTERY SYSTEMS, BATTERY MODULES, AND METHOD FOR COOLING A BATTERY MODULE - Battery systems, battery modules, and a method for cooling a battery module are provided. The battery module includes a first battery cell, and a first cooling fin having a first panel portion and first and second rail portions that are disposed on first and second ends, respectively, of the first panel portion. The first battery cell is disposed adjacent to a first side of the first panel portion. The first and second rail portions have a thickness greater than the first panel portion. The first cooling fin conducts heat energy from the first battery cell into the first cooling fin to cool the first battery cell. The battery module further includes first and second conduits extending through the first and second rail portions, respectively, that receive a fluid that flows through the first and second conduits to conduct heat energy from the first cooling fin into the fluid.11-04-2010
20080305386DEVICES FOR STORING ENERGY IN THE MECHANICAL DEFORMATION OF NANOTUBE MOLECULES AND RECOVERING THE ENERGY FROM MECHANICALLY DEFORMED NANOTUBE MOLECULES - An energy storage device includes at least one nanotube. An energy storage mechanism converts energy external to the device into the appropriate levels of strain on the at least one nanotube to produce stored energy, and an energy recovery mechanism converts the energy released by relaxing the at least one nanotube back to energy external to the device.12-11-2008
20110206955METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY - In a method for controlling a sodium-sulfur battery, a time of correcting or resetting a depth of discharge of the sodium-sulfur battery is determined within a predetermined period based on weather information, and the depth of discharge of the sodium-sulfur battery is corrected or reset in the determined time. According to this sodium-sulfur battery control method, the depth of discharge of the sodium-sulfur battery can be accurately managed in a small-scale interconnected system.08-25-2011
20120034499STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR REMOVING BATTERY CELL HEAT - An apparatus includes a thermal strap that connects a first terminal of a first battery cell and a second terminal of a second battery cell. The thermal strap has high thermal and electrical conductivity. A wall link connects the thermal strap to a wall having high thermal conductivity. The wall link includes a first portion having high thermal and electrical conductivity and a second portion having high thermal conductivity but low electrical conductivity. The second portion is located between the first portion and the wall.02-09-2012
20120196158ELECTROLYTE FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE AND THE ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE THEREOF - The present invention provides an electrolyte for electrochemical device and the electrochemical device thereof. The electrolyte comprises 9.95˜19.95 wt % of a salt; 80.0˜90.0 wt % of a non-aqueous solvent; 0.05˜10.00 wt % of an additive comprising a compound represented by below formula (I) or (II):08-02-2012
20120196159Battery Management System with Energy Balance Among Multiple Battery Cells - A battery circuit including a first battery cell with a first parameter having a first value and a second battery cell with a second parameter having a second value. The second battery cell is coupled to the first battery cell in series. The battery circuit further includes a magnetic device operable for storing energy transferred from the first battery cell via a first winding coupled to the first battery cell and for releasing the stored energy to the second battery cell via a second winding coupled to the second battery cell if the first value of the first parameter is greater than the second value of the second parameter.08-02-2012
20100124691METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REJUVENATION OF DEGRADED POUCH-TYPE LITHIUM ION BATTERY CELLS - One embodiment includes a method including use of a manifold connected to one or more pouches for rejuvenating failed or degraded pouch-type lithium-ions batteries.05-20-2010
20100143769Anodic Dendritic Growth Suppression System for Secondary Lithium Batteries - Provided herein are methods for manufacturing lithium-metal anode [06-10-2010
20110206954METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES - When charge power or discharge power of each individual sodium-sulfur battery included in a plurality of sodium-sulfur batteries becomes 1/n (n is a natural number) or less of a rated output, individual sodium-sulfur batteries are sequentially stopped. This prevents the discharge power (or the charge power) of the sodium-sulfur battery from becoming minute, so that a battery depth (or a stored energy) of the sodium-sulfur battery can be accurately managed.08-25-2011
20110206951HYBRID VEHICLE BATTERY HEATER BY EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION - An exhaust gas recirculation circuit with an engine having an intake manifold and an exhaust manifold, a heat exchanger having an inlet in selective fluid communication with the exhaust manifold and an outlet in fluid communication with the intake manifold, wherein the heat exchanger is in a heat exchange relationship with at least a portion of a battery. A method of managing a battery of a hybrid vehicle by sensing a temperature of the battery; comparing the sensed temperature with a lower threshold; if the battery temperature is less than a lower threshold, flowing exhaust gasses from an engine to a heat exchanger in a heat exchange relationship with at least a portion of the battery; if the battery temperature is greater than the lower threshold, utilizing the battery.08-25-2011
20090162736ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD - A composition is provided that includes a ternary electrolyte having a melting point greater than about 150 degree Celsius. The ternary electrolyte includes an alkali metal halide, an aluminum halide and a zinc halide. The amount of the zinc halide present in the ternary electrolyte is greater than about 20 mole percent relative to an amount of the aluminum halide. An energy storage device including the composition is provided. A system and a method are also provided.06-25-2009
20090297926Use of large format prismatic lithium-ion cells in electric vehicles - This invention is directed to a battery pack with high energy density and a large format prismatic lithium-ion cell of at least 16 squre inches, comprising (1) at least one positive electrode, (2) at least one negative electrode, (3) a non-aqueous electrolyte, and (4) a homogeneous microporous membrane which comprises (a) a hot-melt adhesive, (b) an engineering plastics, (c) optionally a tackifier and (d) a filler having an average particle size of less than about 50 μm. The resulting battery pack can be used as power source for electric vehicles to extend its ranged up to 700 miles per charge.12-03-2009
20090136830Substantially Solid, Flexible Electrolyte For Alkili-Metal-Ion Batteries - An alkali-metal-ion battery is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including an anode containing an alkali metal, a cathode, and an electrolyte separator for conducting alkali metal ions between the anode and the cathode. In selected embodiments, the electrolyte separator includes a first phase comprising poly(alkylene oxide) and an alkali-metal salt in a molar ratio of less than 10:1. The electrolyte separator may further include a second phase comprising ionically conductive particles that are conductive to the alkali metal ions. These ionically conductive particles may include ionically conductive ceramic particles, glass particles, glass-ceramic particles, or mixtures thereof.05-28-2009
20090208817Method for Extending the Useful Life of a Chargeable Energy Storage Unit - A method is provided for extending the useful life of a rechargeable energy storage unit for use in a motor vehicle, such as, in particular, a double layer capacitor, a lithium ion storage unit, a lithium ion capacitor or a NiMH storage unit, which exhibits a plurality of storage cells. In order to extend the useful life of the energy storage unit, it is proposed that the temperature and/or storage capacity of each of the storage cells be measured. If the temperature of a storage cell exceeds a reference value for the temperature of the storage cell on the storage cell is partially discharged, and, in this way, its voltage is reduced.08-20-2009
20090208816PROPERLY POSITIONING STACKED PLATE ELECTRODE FOR HIGH VOLUME ASSEMBLY - An electrode in an electrochemical cell for an implantable medical device is presented. The electrode includes a plurality of electrode plates. Each electrode plate includes a tab extending therefrom. The tab is shaped in a H-shape, a T-shape, a Y-shape, and a L-shape.08-20-2009
20090208815Lithium Battery Management System - Provided is a system for managing a lithium battery system having a plurality of cells. The battery system comprises a variable-resistance element electrically connected to a cell and located proximate a portion of the cell; and a device for determining, utilizing the variable-resistance element, whether the temperature of the cell has exceeded a predetermined threshold. A method of managing the temperature of a lithium battery system is also included.08-20-2009
20090325039ELECTRICITY STORAGE DEVICE, USE THEREOF, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Opposing electrode pairs (12-31-2009
20110143175UNDERWATER POWER GENERATION - A method for providing auxiliary electrical power to an underwater well installation, the installation being linked to a surface location via an umbilical cable, to supplement any electrical power received at the installation from the umbilical cable, comprises the steps of: providing power generation means at the installation; and providing an electrical power output line for transferring electrical power generated by the power generation means to the installation.06-16-2011
20090208818BATTERY CELL FUEL GAUGE FOR PACKAGED BATTERIES AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS - The present disclosure is directed generally to battery cell fuel gauges for packaged batteries and associated systems and methods. A method in accordance with one embodiment includes detecting one or more parameters corresponding to one or more battery cells that are disposed within a casing of a battery packet with a fuel gauge that is also disposed within the casing and that is electrically coupled to a data connector that is accessible from outside the casing. The method can further include formatting the detected one or more parameters into a data file that is readable with non-proprietary hardware and/or software, e.g., via a USB cable. The data file is stored at the fuel gauge. The method can still further include providing a host device with access to the data file via the data connector.08-20-2009
20090239130Modular battery, an interconnector for such batteries and methods related to modular batteries - A modular battery includes a first planar battery cell having a first planar electrode surface, a second planar battery cell having a second planar electrode surface, and a compressible interconnector disposed between the first planar surface and the second planar surface and electrically connecting the first and second planar electrode surfaces. Other embodiments of a modular battery, an interconnector and methods are also disclosed.09-24-2009
20090220850Liquid-Cooled Battery and Method for Operating Such a Battery - A liquid-cooled battery, in particular in the form of an energy store for an electrical drive in a motor vehicle is provided. The battery has a plurality of storage cells 09-03-2009
20090258281EARLY WARNING METHOD FOR ABNORMAL STATE OF LITHIUM BATTERY AND RECORDING MEDIUM - An early warning method for an abnormal state of a lithium battery and a recording medium applicable to a portable electronic device are provided. The method includes the following steps. A plurality of curves of voltage against electric quantity is obtained according to different predicted average current consumptions of the portable electronic device. An operating average current consumption and an operating electric quantity from a first voltage to a second voltage are obtained when the lithium battery at an operating test state in a unit time. One of the curves of voltage against electric quantity is searched, and a warning electric quantity is obtained in a range from the first voltage to the second voltage. The warning electric quantity is compared with the electric quantity, so as to provide an early warning of an abnormal state.10-15-2009
20090258280POWER OUTPUT APPARATUS AND METHOD OF SETTING SECONDARY BATTERY - In a power output apparatus of the invention, a battery 10-15-2009
20100178538NON-UNIFORM CONDUCTIVE COATING FOR CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL - Cathodes that include an active cathode material are described. The active cathode material can be coated.07-15-2010
20100239893SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY WITH A SUBSTANTIALLY NON-POROUS MEMBRANE AND ENHANCED CATHODE UTILIZATION - A sodium-sulfur battery is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including an anode containing sodium and a cathode comprising elemental sulfur. The cathode may include at least one solvent selected to at least partially dissolve the elemental sulfur and Na09-23-2010
20120244393Variable Insulating Battery Pack System and Method - A variable insulating battery pack system includes a battery pack enclosure sized and configured to contain the battery pack, an enclosure space in the battery pack enclosure and a fluid pump disposed in fluid communication with the enclosure space and adapted to evacuate and pressurize the enclosure space.09-27-2012
20100239894TEMPERATURE CONTROLLING APPARATUS FOR BATTERY, VEHICLE APPARATUS USING THE SAME, AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREFOR - In an ECU, a coolant fan performs cooling operation such that a control DUTY value is limited by a control DUTY value according to tolerable noise level of the cooling fan based on a vehicle speed in a case in which the temperature in the high-voltage battery is lower than a predetermined limitation for highest temperature. In a case in which the temperature in the high-voltage battery is higher than the predetermined limitation for highest temperature, the cooling fan performs the cooling operation by using an energy storage device cooling operation requirement value and an IPU cooling operation requirement value such that performance in the high-voltage battery is not affected. By doing this, a temperature controlling apparatus for batteries in which it is possible to cool the battery and solve temperature difference among a plurality of batteries can be provided.09-23-2010
20100239892HEAVY VEHICLE BATTERY PACK WITH IMPROVED COOLING SCHEME - A battery pack includes a plurality of multi-cell battery modules mounted within a casing. At least one fan is mounted in an intermediate position within the casing such that airflow to the fan passes over some of the battery modules, and airflow downstream of the fan passes over others of the battery modules. In one embodiment, a fan flow direction is periodically reversed. An electronic driveline for a vehicle, including the battery pack, and a method of cooling a battery pack are also disclosed and claimed.09-23-2010
20120141843BATTERY HAVING DIVERTING DEVICE - An electrochemical energy accumulator apparatus according to the invention has at least one galvanic cell. Furthermore, the electrochemical energy accumulator apparatus has at least one diverting device which is assigned to the at least one galvanic cell, and at least one connecting device which is assigned to the at least one diverting device. The electrochemical energy accumulator apparatus is characterized in that the at least one connecting device is assigned at least one heat exchanger device, wherein the at least one heat exchanger device is designed to exchange thermal energy with the at least one connecting device.06-07-2012
20100035128APPLICATION OF FORCE IN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS - The present invention relates to the application of a force to enhance the performance of an electrochemical cell. The force may comprise, in some instances, an anisotropic force with a component normal to an active surface of the anode of the electrochemical cell. In the embodiments described herein, electrochemical cells (e.g., rechargeable batteries) may undergo a charge/discharge cycle involving deposition of metal (e.g., lithium metal) on a surface of the anode upon charging and reaction of the metal on the anode surface, wherein the metal diffuses from the anode surface, upon discharging. The uniformity with which the metal is deposited on the anode may affect cell performance. For example, when lithium metal is redeposited on an anode, it may, in some cases, deposit unevenly forming a rough surface. The roughened surface may increase the amount of lithium metal available for undesired chemical reactions which may result in decreased cycling lifetime and/or poor cell performance. The application of force to the electrochemical cell has been found, in accordance with the invention, to reduce such behavior and to improve the cycling lifetime and/or performance of the cell.02-11-2010
20100035127SMART BATTERY SEPARATORS - A separator for an energy storage cell that is provided by a microporous web that includes an irreversible porosity-controlling agent a method for changing an operating characteristic of an energy storage cell.02-11-2010
20120171524MOLTEN SALT BATTERY DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TEMPERATURE OF MOLTEN SALT BATTERY - In a molten salt battery device, molten salt batteries are arranged in a container to cause a space to be present around the molten salt batteries, and a heating medium is filled into the space around the molten salt batteries. When an electrothermal heater is used to control the temperature of the heating medium through a temperature controlling section, the heating medium is caused to flow. Between the flowing heating medium and the molten salt batteries, heat is exchanged, whereby the molten salt battery device controls the temperature of the molten salt batteries. Since the molten salt batteries attain the heat exchange with the heating medium, which surrounds the batteries, the internal temperature thereof is evenly controlled. Moreover, the molten salt battery device makes it possible to lower the temperature of the heating medium to cool the molten salt batteries easily.07-05-2012
20100221586THERMAL ENERGY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR COOLING TEMPERATURE SENSITIVE COMPONENTS - A thermal energy battery for cooling temperature sensitive components comprises a composite of a sorbent with ammonia, water, alcohol, amine or a fluorocarbon refrigerant absorbed thereon and incorporated on a substrate material. The composite is encased in a containment material configured to rupture or otherwise release refrigerant desorbed by the sorbent composition when internal battery pressure reaches a threshold ΔP from the outside pressure, and thermal conduction means in thermal contact with the thermal energy battery and one or more temperature sensitive components for directing thermal energy therebetween to heat the composite and cool the temperature sensitive components.09-02-2010
20110027626ELECTRICAL STORAGE ELEMENT CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE - An electrical storage element control system for a vehicle. The control system includes electrical storage elements electrically coupled to each other in parallel, switch devices, and a controller. Each of the electrical storage elements defines a total storage capacity and having a state of charge cooperatively defining a total stored charge, and is adapted to be in electrical communication with an electrical load and a power source. The switch devices are electrically coupled to the electrical storage elements such that each switch device is associated with a corresponding electrical storage element and is operable between connected and disconnected states. The controller is in electrical communication with the switch devices to selectively vary each of the switch devices between the connected state and the disconnected state to connect and disconnect one or more of the electrical storage elements relative to the load based on the total stored charges and relative to the power source based on the total storage capacities of the electrical storage elements.02-03-2011
20080311464Method of Using an Electrochemical Cell - The silicon as an anode material for use in lithium ion batteries according to the present invention provides a method for cell manufacturing. The degree to which the silicon is lithiated during cycling can be controlled, thereby lowering the volume expansion while maintaining an acceptable volumetric capacity, and reducing the failure rate of the silicon containing anodes in lithium ion batteries. The crystalline silicon anode is first charged so that the anode becomes partially lithiated. The voltage of the anode during this charging step is typically less than the lithiation potential of crystalline silicon at ambient temperatures, for example, less than 17 OmV versus lithium metal. The total number of charge-discharge cycles during conditioning is at least two or more.12-18-2008
20110117396Battery Pack and Method of Preventing Cap Disassembly or Cell Replacement in the Battery Pack - A battery pack having a function for preventing operation of the battery pack when an abnormal replacement of a battery cell is detected or preventing a use of the battery pack in which a cap has been removed. The battery pack generates an encryption code and writes the encryption code to data flash when a battery cell is normally discharged according to a first voltage, and if an abnormal power-on reset is detected on the battery cell, the battery pack may check the stored encryption code to a second encryption code generated upon power-on reset. If the codes do not match, firmware of the battery pack is deleted and/or a fuse is blown, making it is possible to prevent the battery pack from being re-used when the battery cell has been replaced or in which a cap has been removed.05-19-2011
20100297480LITHIUM BATTERY WHICH IS PROTECTED IN CASE OF INAPPROPRIATE USE - A lithium battery comprises at least a positive electrode containing a material whose lithium insertion and deinsertion potential is lower than or equal to 3.5 Volts in relation to the potential of the Li+/Li couple, a negative electrode and a non-aqueous electrolyte disposed between the positive and negative electrodes. The electrolyte comprises at least a lithium salt dissolved in an aprotic organic solvent wherein a polymerizable additive is added, chosen from carbazol and the derivatives thereof and being used to prevent the battery from operating as soon as the voltage at the terminal connections of the battery reaches a value resulting in polymerization of the additive.11-25-2010
20110111268Interlock Mechanism for a Multiple Battery Pack - A method for operating a battery system having multiple battery packs. The method includes decoupling the output of a discharged battery pack from the vehicle load, reducing the voltage between an output of a charged battery pack and the vehicle load prior to coupling the output of the charged battery pack to the vehicle load.05-12-2011
20090068547Thermally managed battery enclosure for electric and hybrid electric vehicles - A thermally managed enclosure for batteries in a motor vehicle or other machinery includes a cradle of thermally conductive material for containing a battery. The cradle having a bottom wall and side walls closely fitted to and in contact with the battery, to maintain the battery in a stable position. The bottom wall of the cradle has a passageway trough containing a tube for flowing heating or cooling fluid therethrough, to control the optimal operating temperature of the battery. The passageway trough is preferably filled with a thermally conductive fill surrounding said tube. When two or more batteries are required, an array of adjacent cradles are provided in a monocoque tray formed by bonding or welding the multiple cradles at their adjacent sides. These cradles are optionally connected by linearly extending rods in the cradles.03-12-2009
20090035646Swelling inhibition in batteries - The present invention relates generally to electrochemical cells, and more specifically, to additives for electrochemical cells which may enhance the performance of the cell. In some cases, the additive may advantageously interact with at least one component or species of the cell to increase the efficiency and/or lifetime of the cell. The incorporation of certain additives within the electrolyte of the cell may improve the cycling lifetime and/or performance of the cell.02-05-2009
20110020673LOW NOISE BATTERY - An illustrative embodiment provides an apparatus comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator, a first conductor, and a second conductor. The positive electrode and the negative electrode are separated by the separator. The first conductor is configured to transmit a first electrical current from the positive electrode. Also, the second conductor is configured to transmit a second electrical current from the negative electrode. A direction of the first electrical current transmitted through the first conductor is substantially opposite to a direction of the second electrical current transmitted through the second conductor. A magnitude of the first electrical current is substantially equal to a magnitude of the second electrical current. The first and second conductors are proximate to one another and a first portion of one of the first and second conductors is located inside the case along a separation distance, and a second portion of the one of the first and second conductors is located outside the case along the separation distance.01-27-2011
20100247981METHOD FOR ENERGY MANAGEMENT OF COMPOSITE BATTERY AND SYSTEM FOR THE SAME - A method and system for energy management of a composite battery are provided to control and manage products of reaction going on in the composite battery. During the reaction, the gas products are usually exhausted and wasted. If the gases could be recycled, battery effectiveness would be improved. According to the present invention, the gases are collected and then recycled by an exhaust gas recycling device. In addition, the method and system involve analyzing data of the generated electrical energy, data of the produced gases, operational data of the composite battery and device data for the exhaust gas recycling device. Thus, the composite battery is controlled and managed according to the analysis, and its effects are improved.09-30-2010
20110027629Instrumented fluid-surfaced electrode - An electrochemical device (such as a battery) includes at least one electrode having a fluid surface and one or more sensors configured to detect an operating condition of the device. Fluid-directing structures may modulate flow or retain fluid in response to the sensors. An electrolyte within the device may also include an ion-transport fluid, for example infiltrated into a porous solid support.02-03-2011
20110117395Device and Method for Performing a Reverse Electrodialysis Process - Device and method for performing electrolyses, such as a reverse electrodialysis process, comprising:—a first compartment provided with at least a first and a second electrode;—a second compartment separated from the first compartment and provided with at least a first and a second electrode;—a switching element (05-19-2011
20110086250METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR STORING ELECTRICAL POWER BY EVAPORATING WATER - Electrical energy is stored in a concentrated solution. To recover the energy, the concentrated solution is rediluted for example by pressure retarded osmosis. The concentrated solution is generated by evaporation of the exhaust solution from the energy recovery process. The evaporation is enhanced by electrically powered enhancement means and the corresponding electrical input constitutes the power to be stored. The enhanced evaporation also draws heat from the environment, whereby the input electrical energy is augmented, partially or completely offsetting inefficiencies in the system. In grid applications, when demand for electricity is high the enhancement is discontinued and power is generated from the stored concentrated brine. Alternatively the evaporation enhancement may draw power from a power source that does not operate continuously, such as a renewable energy source. The stored brine is employed to generate power during periods when the renewable energy source falls below a predetermined power supply capability.04-14-2011
20110091750Temperature Control of a Vehicle Battery - The method for thermal management of a battery can include vehicle systems to control the thermal input to the battery and a dedicated battery thermal management system. The battery thermal management system includes transferring battery heat to coolant flowing in a circuit, if ambient air temperature is greater than the battery temperature, using an evaporator/chiller to transfer heat from the coolant to a refrigerant, using a condenser to transfer heat from the refrigerant to the coolant, and using a radiator to transfer heat from the coolant to ambient air; and if coolant can be maintained in the reference temperature range without using a heat source or refrigerant, using a radiator to transfer heat from the coolant to the ambient air.04-21-2011
20100055543BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF - A battery management system (BMS) includes at least one sub-BMS and a main BMS. The at least one sub-BMS measures information about a battery, and generates an activation signal according to operating state. The main BMS receives the activation signal and determines the operating state of the at least two sub-BMSs. If the at least two sub-BMSs normally operate, the main BMS generates a synchronization signal and transfers the same to the sub-BMSs. The at least one sub-BMS measures the information about the battery according to the synchronization signal.03-04-2010
20110097610Energy storage device - An energy storage device is constructed from a plurality of supercap cells. In each case, some of these supercap cells are interconnected electrically to a storage module. Each of the storage modules is disposed in a housing. The individual supercap cells are in at least indirect heat-conducting contact with the housing. A plurality of the housings are stacked above one another or adjacent to one another such that a fluid can flow through at least partial regions between the housings.04-28-2011
20110097611BATTERY AND METHOD FOR GENERATING ELECTRICAL POWER USING THE BATTERY - A battery includes: a container; an electrolyte received in the container; and first and second electrodes disposed in the electrolyte and having different electrical potentials upon exposure to the electrolyte.04-28-2011
20110151290CRYSTALLINE-AMORPHOUS NANOWIRES FOR BATTERY ELECTRODES - Electrodes, batteries, methods for use and manufacturing are implemented to provide ion-based electrical power sources and related devices. Consistent with one such method, a battery electrode is produced having nanowires of a first material. The electrode is produced using a single growth condition to promote growth of crystalline nanowires on a conductive substrate and of the first material, and promote, by maintaining the growth condition, growth of an amorphous portion that surrounds the crystalline nanowires.06-23-2011
20120148881METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMOTIVE BATTERY COOLING - The present invention relates to a battery-cooling system. The battery-cooling system includes a battery array and a plurality of heat pipes. The heat pipes each include a low-profile extrusion having a plurality of hollow tubes formed therein. Each heat pipe includes an evaporator portion and a condenser portion. A heat-transfer fluid is disposed within the plurality of hollow tubes. The evaporator portion is disposed between successive batteries within the battery array. The condenser portion is disposed outside of the battery array and exposed to a heat sink.06-14-2012
20100304192System for altering temperature of an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical energy generation device using high thermal conductivity materials based on states of the device - A method is generally described which includes altering temperature of an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical electrochemical energy generation device, includes providing at least one thermal control structure formed of a high thermal conductive material, the high thermal conductive material having a high k-value. The high k-value is greater than approximately 410 W/(m*K). The thermal control structures are disposed adjacent at least a portion of the electrical energy storage device or the electrochemical electrochemical energy generation device. The thermal control structures are configured to provide heat transfer away from the portion of the electrical energy storage device or the electrochemical electrochemical energy generation device. Further, the method includes configuring a controller with a control algorithm to control the actions of a controllable fluid flow device as a function of current draw from the electrical energy storage device or the electrochemical electrochemical energy generation device, the electrical energy storage device or the electrochemical electrochemical energy generation device configured to provide electrical current and the controllable fluid flow device providing a fluid to the at least one thermal control structure. Further still, the method includes providing an electrical characteristic sensor coupled to the electrical energy storage device or the electrochemical electrochemical energy generation device and configured to sense at least one electrical characteristic of the electrical energy storage device or the electrochemical electrochemical energy generation device and to provide a signal representative of the at least one characteristic to the controller.12-02-2010
20100304193METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CONDITIONING ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS OF VEHICLES - A method for conditioning an energy storage system for a vehicle located in a geographic area includes the steps of obtaining data pertaining to an external temperature of the geographic area, measuring a temperature of the energy storage system, heating the energy storage system if the temperature is less than a first predetermined threshold, and cooling the energy storage system if the temperature is greater than a second predetermined threshold. The first predetermined threshold is dependent upon the external temperature. The second predetermined threshold is also dependent upon the external temperature.12-02-2010
20100279153BATTERY SYSTEMS, BATTERY MODULE, AND METHOD FOR COOLING THE BATTERY MODULE - Battery systems, a battery module, and a method for cooling the battery module are provided. The battery module includes a housing having a non-conductive oil disposed therein. The battery module further includes a battery cell disposed in the housing. The battery module further includes a cooling manifold disposed in the housing that contacts the non-conductive oil. The cooling manifold is configured to receive a fluid therethrough and to conduct heat energy from the non-conductive oil into the fluid to cool the battery cell.11-04-2010
20100273032METHOD FOR REMOVING DILUENT FROM AN EXTRUDATE OF A POLYMER SOLUTION - The invention relates to a method for removing diluent from a polymer extrudate, especially in connection with a process for producing a microporous membrane. The method involves contacting the extrudate with a second solvent in a first stage; contacting the extrudate from the first stage with a third solvent in a second stage; conducting a first stream away from the first stage and/or conducting a second stream away from the second stage; and cooling at least a portion of the first and/or second stream and separating therefrom at least one of a first phase rich in the second solvent or a second phase rich in the third solvent.10-28-2010
20100112417ACCUMULATOR COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF GALVANIC CELLS - In accordance with the invention, an accumulator comprises at least two galvanic cells that are electrically connected. The accumulator furthermore comprises a control device and at least one measuring device. The measuring device is suitable to determine at least one reading for at least one first functional parameter of a galvanic cell. The accumulator comprises a memory device which is assigned to the control device. The memory device is suitable for storing at least one target value of a first functional parameter. The accumulator furthermore comprises a computing unit. The computing unit is suitable for assigning at least two measured values and one pertinent target value to a first computed result. The measured values are the measured first functional parameters, respectively of at least two galvanic cells of the accumulator. The target value is a predetermined value in respect to the first functional parameter. The control device is suitable for initiating a predetermined action as a function of the first computed result.05-06-2010
20110151289ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND ASSOCIATED METHOD - An energy storage device is provided. The energy storage device includes a cathode material and a separator in electrical communication with the cathode material. The cathode material includes zinc. The separator has a first surface that defines at least a portion of a first chamber, and a second surface that defines a second chamber. The first chamber is in ionic communication with the second chamber through the separator. The separator includes an alkali-metal-ion conducting material and a toughening material. A method for operating the energy storage device is also provided. Furthermore, an energy storage system including the energy storage device is provided.06-23-2011
20090317694Temperature controller - A temperature controller for providing heat to an energy storage device of a power compensator. The energy storage device includes a plurality of high temperature battery units on high potential. The temperature controller includes a pipe network for housing a heat transfer medium. The pipe network includes a main pipe loop and a local pipe loop in each battery unit. Each local pipe loop includes a first end for receiving a heat transfer medium and a second end for exhausting the medium.12-24-2009
20090291353ELECTRODE PROTECTION IN BOTH AQUEOUS AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS, INCLUDING RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES - Electrode protection in electrochemical cells, and more specifically, electrode protection in both aqueous and non-aqueous electrochemical cells, including rechargeable lithium batteries, are presented. In one embodiment, an electrochemical cell includes an anode comprising lithium and a multi-layered structure positioned between the anode and an electrolyte of the cell. A multi-layered structure can include at least a first single-ion conductive material layer (e.g., a lithiated metal layer), and at least a first polymeric layer positioned between the anode and the single-ion conductive material. The invention also can provide an electrode stabilization layer positioned within the electrode, i.e., between one portion and another portion of an electrode, to control depletion and re-plating of electrode material upon charge and discharge of a battery. Advantageously, electrochemical cells comprising combinations of structures described herein are not only compatible with environments that are typically unsuitable for lithium, but the cells may be also capable of displaying long cycle life, high lithium cycling efficiency, and high energy density.11-26-2009
20090246604Non-Aqueous Electrolyte Battery, Method of Manufacturing the Same and Method of Using the Same - A non-aqueous electrolyte battery suppresses gas generation in a non-aqueous electrolyte battery having a negative active material that intercalates and deintercalates lithium ions at a potential not lower than 1.2 V relative to the potential of lithium for the negative electrode thereof. The non-aqueous electrolyte battery comprises a non-aqueous electrolyte containing an electrolytic salt and a non-aqueous solvent, a positive electrode and a negative electrode having a negative active material that intercalates/deintercalates lithium ions at a potential not lower than 1.2 V relative to the potential of lithium and is characterized in that a film coat having a carbonate structure and a thickness of not less than 10 nm exists on the surface of said negative electrode and that the non-aqueous electrolyte battery is operated in a region of potential of the negative electrode higher than 0.8 V relative to the potential of lithium. A method of manufacturing a non-aqueous electrolyte battery having a non-aqueous electrolyte, a positive electrode and a negative electrode having a negative active material that intercalates/deintercalates lithium ions at a potential not lower than 1.2 V relative to the potential of lithium is characterized in that a film coat having a carbonate structure is brought into existence on the surface of said negative electrode by lowering the potential of the negative electrode to lower than 0.8 V relative to the potential of lithium at least once in an initial cycle.10-01-2009
20110151291Battery Power Supply Having a Fluid Consuming Battery with an Improved Fluid Manager - A power source is provided for supplying electrical power to a device. The power source includes a fluid consuming battery comprising a fluid consuming electrode, the battery supplying a battery output power. The power source also includes a fluid manager for controlling the rate of fluid supplied to the fluid consuming battery, a communication link for receiving data defining device criteria for at least one device operating event, a power output for receiving the battery output power and supplying a power source output according to the device criteria, and a controller for controlling operation of the air manager based on the device criteria and a load. The device criteria for the device operating event includes at least one predetermined energy requirement estimate.06-23-2011
20110027628Instrumented fluid-surfaced electrode - An electrochemical device (such as a battery) includes at least one electrode having a fluid surface and one or more sensors configured to detect an operating condition of the device. Fluid-directing structures may modulate flow or retain fluid in response to the sensors. An electrolyte within the device may also include an ion-transport fluid, for example infiltrated into a porous solid support.02-03-2011
20110027627Fluid-surfaced electrode - An electrochemical device (such as a battery) includes at least one electrode having a fluid surface, which may employ a surface energy effect to maintain a position of the fluid surface and/or to modulate flow within the fluid. Fluid-directing structures may also modulate flow or retain fluid in a predetermined pattern. An electrolyte within the device may also include an ion-transport fluid, for example infiltrated into a porous solid support.02-03-2011
20110027625BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD FOR COOLING THE BATTERY MODULE - A battery module and a method for cooling the battery module are provided. The battery module includes a housing having an electrically non-conductive oil disposed therein, and a battery cell disposed in the housing that contacts the electrically non-conductive oil. The battery module further includes first and second heat conductive fins disposed in the housing that contacts the electrically non-conductive oil. The first and second heat conductive fins extract heat energy from the electrically non-conductive oil. The battery module further includes first and second conduits extending through the first and second heat conductive fins, respectively. The first and second conduits receive first and second portions of a fluid, respectively, therethrough and conduct heat energy from the first and second heat conductive fins, respectively, into the fluid to cool the battery cell.02-03-2011
20100330401NON-BALANCED LITHIUM-ION MICROBATTERY - The lithium-ion microbattery comprises a positive electrode having a first Li12-30-2010
20100330400Apparatus and methods for battery installation - Apparatus and methods for placement of battery packs in portable information handling systems such as notebook and netbook computers. A first set of pivot features may be provided on opposing sidewalls of a battery well that interface with a corresponding set of mating pivot features provided on exterior end surfaces of a battery pack such that the battery pack may be pivoted into and out from the battery well to install or release it from the system, e.g., pivoted from the bottom of the portable information handling system in a manner that does not interfere with, or require modification to, the lid and display of the portable information handling system. A latch mechanism and battery release feature may be further provided that acts to transfer horizontal manipulation (e.g., horizontal sliding motion) of the battery release feature to a vertical latching action that acts to lift the battery pack out from the portable information handling system chassis when releasing the battery pack from the chassis.12-30-2010
20110052945Sodium Based Aqueous Electrolyte Electrochemical Secondary Energy Storage Device - A secondary hybrid aqueous energy storage device includes an anode electrode, a cathode electrode which is capable of reversibly intercalating sodium cations, a separator, and a sodium cation containing aqueous electrolyte, wherein an initial active cathode electrode material comprises an alkali metal containing active cathode electrode material which deintercalates alkali metal ions during initial charging of the device.03-03-2011
20110052944DEVICE FOR HEATING A RECHARGEABLE BATTERY, CHARGER, AND ACCESSORY ELEMENT - The invention relates to a method for heating a rechargeable battery in which the rechargeable battery is supplied with voltage in such a way that the current flowing in the rechargeable battery heats the rechargeable battery without essentially charging the rechargeable battery. The invention also relates to a charger for carrying out the method.03-03-2011
20110052943ACCUMULATOR HAVING PROLONGED SERVICE LIFE - An electrical energy storage device includes at least one galvanic cell partly surrounded by a cell sheath, at least one heat-conducting device effectively connected to the galvanic cell, the heat-conducting device being suitable for supplying heat energy to the cell and/or conducting heat energy from the cell, a cell holding device enclosing an interior space at least partially with a wall, the interior space being suitable for accommodating each galvanic cell, and the cell sheath being at least partly effectively connected to the wall, at least one first measurement device suitable for acquiring a temperature at a prespecified position of the galvanic cell, and a control device suitable for evaluating a signal of each first measurement device that is present and/or for controlling the heat-conducting devices, heat-conducting apparatus being situated between the cell sheath and at least one of the wall of cell holding device and an additional cell sheath.03-03-2011
20110081562OPTICAL LEAK DETECTION SENSOR - A leak detection sensor for detecting a leakage of an electrolyte solution in a flow battery system is provided. The sensor includes a sensor housing, the sensor housing being at least partially surrounded by a fluid and having mounted therein at least one light source. The device also includes at least one light detector, wherein light emitted from at least one light source is incident on a portion of the housing in contact with a fluid and is at least partially refracted by an amount which is dependent on a refractive index of the refractor lens and the surrounding fluid, such that the amount of refraction at the refractor lens and the surrounding fluid causes a loss in a power of light detected by the at least one light detector, the light detector determines the intensity of the detected light, determines the composition of fluid surrounding the device housing based on the based on the difference between the measured light intensity and the intensity of light produced by the light source, and determines a leak if the composition of fluid is determined to be an electrolyte solution.04-07-2011
20110135974System and Method for Monitoring Electrolyte Levels in a Battery - A measuring device is used in conjunction with a programmable controller for monitoring electrolyte levels in the battery. According to one implementation, the measuring device is located in a battery and is configured to detect when the electrolyte level in the battery falls below a particular level. The controller is in electrical communication with the electrolyte detection device. The controller is configured to: (i) receive a signal from the electrolyte level detection device indicating when the electrolyte level in the battery has fallen below the particular level; (ii) introduce a wait-period after the signal is received; and (iii) enable an indicator to indicate that the electrolyte level in the battery should be refilled when the wait-period expires.06-09-2011
20090208819Rechargeable Battery Pack for Power Tools - A rechargeable battery pack comprises a battery having a high voltage side and a low voltage side, a positive terminal accessible external of the battery pack and connected to the high voltage side of the battery, a negative terminal accessible external of the battery pack and connected to the low voltage side of the battery, a control terminal accessible external of the battery pack, a switching element electrically connected between the control terminal and the high voltage side of the battery, and a control module operable to control the switching element so that the control terminal is selectively coupled to the high voltage side of the battery.08-20-2009
20110256432BATTERY HUMIDITY CONTROL - Systems and methods are provided for controlling humidity in gases exposed to batteries, which can be applied to humidity control in climate control gases in battery packs, for example those used in electric vehicles.10-20-2011
20110256429Battery having a device for replenishing electrolyte - The invention relates to a battery, which includes a housing for receiving at least one electrolyte, at least one electrolyte received in the housing, and at least one device for dissipating and/or collecting gases or vapors from the battery. According to the invention, the battery is provided with at least one device for replenishing the at least one electrolyte.10-20-2011
20100285338SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRESSURE DETERMINATION IN A Li-ION BATTERY - An electrochemical battery system in one embodiment includes a first electrode, a second electrode spaced apart from the first electrode, a separator positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode, an active material within the second electrode, a pressure sensor in fluid connection with the second electrode, a memory in which command instructions are stored, and a processor configured to execute the command instructions to obtain a pressure signal from the pressure sensor associated with the pressure within the second electrode, and to identify a state of charge of the electrochemical battery system based upon the pressure signal.11-11-2010
20100081037BATTERY MANAGEMENT FOR OPTIMIZING BATTERY AND SERVICE LIFE - The provision of a mode in silver zinc batteries where a user can access extra capacity as an emergency reserve for times when extra capacity is needed. While this temporarily increases capacity, it does not detrimentally affect cycle life over the longer term, and it permits a silver zinc battery to essentially mimic the long term capacity and cycle life characteristics of a lithium ion battery while still affording inherent advantages associated with silver zinc batteries. In a variant embodiment, this ability to temporarily increase capacity is optimally employed at the end of a battery life cycle in a controlled “roll-off” that accords additional cycles of battery service life. In another variant embodiment, the general capability to control capacity is employed to gradually decrease the available capacity of a battery over the life of the battery, to thereby extend the battery service life.04-01-2010
20100196746CATALYST MATERIAL FOR PRODUCING OXYGEN GAS FROM WATER - Provided is a catalyst material comprising aggregates of nanoneedles of mainly R-type manganese dioxide and having a mesoporous structure. With this, water can be oxidatively decomposed under visible light at room temperature to produce oxygen gas, proton and electron. Also provided is a catalyst material comprising aggregates of nanoparticles of mainly hydrogenated manganese dioxide. With this, acetic acid or an inorganic substance can be synthesized from carbon dioxide gas.08-05-2010
20100136384Battery thermal event detection system using an electrical conductor with a thermally interruptible insulator - A method and apparatus is provided for determining when a battery, or one or more batteries within a battery pack, undergoes an undesired thermal event such as thermal runaway. The system uses an insulated conductive member mounted in close proximity to, or in contact with, an external surface of the battery or batteries to be monitored. A voltage measuring system is coupled to the conductive core of the insulated conductive member, the voltage measuring system outputting a first signal when the temperature corresponding to the battery or batteries is within a prescribed temperature range and a second signal when the temperature exceeds a predetermined temperature that falls outside of the prescribed temperature range.06-03-2010
20100279155LITHIUM-ION BATTERY WITH ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVE - A rechargeable lithium-ion battery includes a positive electrode and a negative electrode that includes a lithium titanate active material. A separator is provided between the positive electrode and the negative electrode. The battery also includes an electrolyte and an electrolyte additive comprising at least one boroxine ring.11-04-2010
20100190042ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGYSTORAGE DEVICE HAVING A RESERVOIR FOR AN ADDITIVE - An electrochemical energy storage device includes at least one cell having at least one cathode, one anode, and one electrolyte which enables a current flow from the anode to the cathode. The electrochemical storage device is connected to a reservoir which contains a cover layer-forming additive.07-29-2010
20100190043AIR BATTERY SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR USING AND CONTROLLING AIR BATTERY SYSTEM - An air battery system has a sealed air battery cell (07-29-2010
20110189511BATTERY SYSTEM AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF - A battery system capable of cooling overheated battery packs among a plurality battery packs each mounted in a battery case by measuring temperatures of the battery packs is disclosed, and a driving method thereof is provided. In one embodiment, the battery system includes a plurality of battery packs, an air compressor for supplying a compressed cooling air to the plurality of battery packs, a gas dividing unit coupled between the plurality of battery packs and the air compressor and including a plurality of valves, and a controller for controlling opening and closing of each of the plurality of valves according to temperatures of the plurality of battery packs.08-04-2011
20110189510Nano-Composite Anode for High Capacity Batteries and Methods of Forming Same - A battery anode comprised of a coated metallic nanowire array is disclosed. In one embodiment, an array of copper nanowires is attached to a copper substrate and coated with amorphous silicon. The center to center spacing of the nanowires and their diameter and the coating thickness are set so that the silicon coating of neighboring nanowires does not touch or severely inhibit electrolyte flow after the silicon layer has expanded due to charge insertion. In another embodiment, the silicon coating fully covers the nanowires and the nanowires provide structural support that ameliorates stress in the silicon film due to charge cycling.08-04-2011
20120308853MITIGATION OF MECHANICAL DEGRADATION IN LITHIUM BATTERY MATERIALS USING BICONCAVE ELECTRODE PARTICLES - Methods for decreasing mechanical degradation in a lithium battery are provided. At least a portion of one of the anode or the cathode includes a plurality of biconcave particles. The biconcave particles provide increased surface area for lithium diffusion without increasing the volume of the particles. As the lithium diffuses across the particles, the combination of convergent and divergent diffusion fronts of lithium reduces the stresses and elastic strain energy responsible for mechanical degradation of the electrode while increasing the rate of lithium intake.12-06-2012
20120308854ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORE AND METHOD FOR THERMALLY STABILIZING AN ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORE - In an electrochemical energy store including at least one spatially delimited galvanic cell, said galvanic cell includes a component or a device which causes the level of heat generated within the galvanic cell to drop to or below the level of heat dissipated from the cell beyond the spatial boundaries of the cell when a threshold temperature inside the galvanic cell is at least locally exceeded.12-06-2012
20100021799PRINTABLE BATTERIES AND METHODS RELATED THERETO - Embodiments of the invention relate to a galvanic cell comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, an electrolyte in contact with both the electrodes, a substrate adapted to support and separate the electrodes while allowing the electrolyte to move within it and contacts electrically coupled to the electrodes, wherein one or more of the electrodes comprises one or more highly reactive metals and wherein at least one of the electrodes is printed on the substrate.01-28-2010
20100291416STATE OF CHARGE MARKER FOR BATTERY SYSTEMS - An exemplary embodiment includes a battery cell electrode including a first material having a first potential versus state of charge (SOC) relationship; a second material having a second potential versus state of charge (SOC) relationship; wherein the second material becomes active to transfer ions at a selected SOC level to result in a readily observable change in measured potential from the first to the second potential versus SOC relationship.11-18-2010
20080268327Advanced Metal-Air Battery Having a Ceramic Membrane Electrolyte Background of the Invention - A metal-air battery is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including a cathode to reduce oxygen molecules and an alkali-metal-containing anode to oxidize the alkali metal (e.g., Li, Na, and K) contained therein to produce alkali-metal ions. An aqueous catholyte is placed in ionic communication with the cathode to store reaction products generated by reacting the alkali-metal ions with the oxygen containing anions. These reaction products are stored as solutes dissolved in the aqueous catholyte. An ion-selective membrane is interposed between the alkali-metal containing anode and the aqueous catholyte. The ion-selective membrane is designed to be conductive to the alkali-metal ions while being impermeable to the aqueous catholyte.10-30-2008
20100190041System and method for balancing battery cells - A system for cell balancing comprises battery modules and a controller. Each of the battery modules comprises battery cells, balance circuits and a battery management module. The battery management module in each of the battery modules is coupled to the battery cells and for acquiring cell voltages of battery cells. The balance circuits are coupled to the battery cells and for performing balance operation on the battery cells under control of the battery management module. The controller is coupled to the battery modules and for generating a reference signal based on the cell voltages provided by each of the battery modules. The battery management module in each of the battery modules can control the balance circuits to balance the battery cells according to the reference signal, thereby achieving cell balance among the battery modules.07-29-2010
20120040212Hazard Mitigation Within a Battery Pack Using Metal-Air Cells - A system and method for mitigating the effects of a thermal event within a battery pack is provided in which the hot gas and material generated during the thermal runaway of at least one non-metal-air cell of a plurality of non-metal-air cells is directed through one or more metal-air cells, the metal-air cells absorbing at least a portion of the thermal energy generated during the event before it is released to the ambient environment. As a result, the risks to vehicle passengers, bystanders, first responders and property are limited.02-16-2012
20120148880METHOD FOR OPERATING A BATTERY - The task at hand is achieved by a method for operating a battery having at least one galvanic cell. The at least one galvanic cell is subjected at least temporally to an examination, particularly at a predetermined operating state of the battery or the galvanic cell.06-14-2012
20100129699SEPARATION OF ELECTROLYTES - Methods and articles relating to separation of electrolyte compositions within lithium batteries are provided. The lithium batteries described herein may include an anode having lithium as the active anode species and a cathode having sulfur as the active cathode species. Suitable electrolytes for the lithium batteries can comprise a heterogeneous electrolyte including a first electrolyte solvent (e.g., dioxolane (DOL)) that partitions towards the anode and is favorable towards the anode (referred to herein as an “anode-side electrolyte solvent”) and a second electrolyte solvent (e.g., 1,2-dimethoxyethane (DME)) that partitions towards the cathode and is favorable towards the cathode (and referred to herein as an “cathode-side electrolyte solvent”). By separating the electrolyte solvents during operation of the battery such that the anode-side electrolyte solvent is present disproportionately at the anode and the cathode-side electrolyte solvent is present disproportionately at the cathode, the battery can benefit from desirable characteristics of both electrolyte solvents (e.g., relatively low lithium reactivity of the anode-side electrolyte solvent and relatively high polysulfide solubility of the cathode-side electrolyte solvent).05-27-2010
20110318613GALVANIC CELL COMPRISING SHEATHING II - The invention relates to a galvanic cell according to the invention with a substantially prismatic or cylindrical structure, said cell having a first electrode stack. A first current conductor is connected to a first electrode stack. In addition, the galvanic cell has sheathing that at least partially surrounds a first electrode stack. Part of a first current conductor extends from said sheathing. The galvanic cell also has a second electrode stack and a second current conductor. The sheathing has at least one first deep drawn part and one second deep drawn part. One of the deep drawn parts has a higher thermal conductivity than the other deep drawn parts. The deep drawn parts of the sheathing are provided to at least partially surround at least one electrode stack.12-29-2011
20110318614ELECTROLYTE, BATTERY USING SAME, AND METHOD OF USING SAME, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ELECTROLYTE - In one example embodiment, an electrolyte has favorable ionic conductivity at low temperatures. In one example embodiment, a solid electrolyte is provided between a cathode and an anode. In one example embodiment, the electrolyte is formed of electrolyte salt such as a lithium salt, carbon cluster such as fullerene, and a liquid having polarity and dissociating the electrolyte salts into ions like organic solvents such as acetone and ionic liquids such as EMITFSI (1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide).12-29-2011
20110318612INDICATOR FOR DISPLAY OF BATTERY FRESHNESS - A battery module having at least one battery and an indicator unit, wherein the status of the indicator unit displays, whether the battery module is fresh or used, wherein an irreversible change of the indicator unit can be brought about externally, wherein through the irreversible change it is displayed that the battery module is no longer fresh, and wherein the status of the indicator unit is externally queryable.12-29-2011
20110081563LITHIUM RESERVOIR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM ION BATTERIES - A lithium-ion battery cell includes at least two working electrodes, each including an active material, an inert material, an electrolyte and a current collector, a first separator region arranged between the at least two working electrodes to separate the at least two working electrodes so that none of the working electrodes are electronically connected within the cell, an auxiliary electrode including a lithium reservoir, and a second separator region arranged between the auxiliary electrode and the at least two working electrodes to separate the auxiliary electrode from the working electrodes so that none of the working electrodes is electronically connected to the auxiliary electrode within the cell.04-07-2011
20120003511LITHIUM ION BATTERY FAILURE MITIGATION - A method of mitigating battery cell failure is provided. In one embodiment, the method includes providing a coupling between a battery pack and an internal combustion engine exhaust system, the coupling comprising: a duct positioned between the battery pack and the internal combustion engine exhaust system, the duct including at least one one-way valve positioned to allow battery cell exhaust to pass from the battery cell to the internal combustion engine exhaust system; detecting a thermal event; activating a fan, an air pump, or both in response to the thermal event to force the battery cell exhaust through the coupling; and treating the battery cell exhaust in the internal combustion engine exhaust system. Battery failure mitigation systems are also described.01-05-2012
20120003510VEHICLE BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD - A vehicle battery temperature control system includes a battery, a housing and a heat exchanger. The battery is operable to discharge thermal energy, and has a heat sink configured to transfer the thermal energy from the battery. The housing has a chamber that is configured to receive the battery and contain a saturated liquid coolant that substantially immerses the heat sink so that the coolant receives the thermal energy from operation of the battery to cause a phase change of the coolant from a liquid phase to a vapor phase. The heat exchanger is configured to receive vapor phase coolant from the chamber and remove thermal energy from the vapor phase coolant to change the coolant from the vapor phase to the liquid phase, and is further configured to return the liquid phase coolant to the chamber.01-05-2012
20100304194PROCESS FOR MAKING FILL HOLE IN A WALL OF AN ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE - A method of forming an energy storage device includes forming a fill hole in a wall of the energy storage device. The method also includes deforming the wall of the energy storage device to reduce a width of the fill hole. Moreover, the method includes sealing the fill hole.12-02-2010
20120009445BATTERY MONITORING SYSTEMS - A battery monitoring system includes a first module and a second module coupled to the first module. The first module shifts a reference signal to a first shifted signal. The second module shifts the reference signal to a second shifted signal and shifts the first shifted signal to a third shifted signal. The second module also monitors a set of cells through the first module and provides an output signal indicative of a status of the set of cells. The second and third shifted signals are usable for calibrating the output signal.01-12-2012
20110165442STORAGE BATTERY SYSTEM, STORAGE BATTERY MONITORING DEVICE, AND STORAGE BATTERY MONITORING METHOD - In order to identify whether each of the cells in a storage battery system is available, the storage battery system is equipped with secondary cell packs, information storage parts which are respectively installed to the secondary cell packs to store cell information on the respective secondary cell packs, and monitor device which judges whether loading to the storage battery system is possible according to the cell information stored in the information storage part.07-07-2011
20110165443METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A THERMOREGULATION DEVICE FOR A POWER SUPPLY BATTERY OF AN ELECTRIC TRACTION VEHICLE - The present invention related to a method for controlling a thermoregulation device for an electric vehicle power supply that is cooled by a coolant caused to flow by means for applying a flow rate of said fluid controlled by said thermoregulation device, said method comprising a step of predetermining a noise level prevalent in the passenger compartment of the vehicle, said noise level being predetermined on the bases of at least one of the following variables: engine load, engine speed, air conditioning pulser speed, or vehicle speed; and a second step of predetermining said flow rate of said coolant to be applied on the basis of the power supply battery temperature, the temperature of said coolant at the input of said battery, and said noise level predetermined during said first step. The invention can be used immediately in the automotive field.07-07-2011
20120058369SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DELIVERING FLUID TO A BATTERY - A system for delivering water to a fluid electrolyte battery comprising at least one battery cell. Such a system includes a tank adapted to hold the fluid, a pump adapted to pump the fluid from the tank when the pump is turned on, at least one conduit adapted to transfer the fluid from the tank to the at least one battery cell, and a controller adapted to control the pump. The controller turns the pump on after an interval so that the fluid is transferred to the at least one battery cell.03-08-2012
20100136385Method and apparatus for maintaining cell wall integrity during thermal runaway using an outer layer of intumescent material - A method and apparatus is provided in which a layer of an intumescent material surrounds the casing of a battery, the layer helping to prevent the formation of perforations in the battery casing during a thermal runaway event and, if a perforation is formed, inhibiting the flow of hot, pressurized gas from within the battery. A sleeve, surrounding the cell, may be used to contain the intumescent material during the thermal event.06-03-2010
20120156529NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY - The disclosure describes a non-aqueous electrolyte battery with an improved cycle life. The non-aqueous electrolyte battery includes a positive electrode including a positive electrode layer, a negative electrode including a negative electrode layer, a separator disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and a non-aqueous electrolyte containing a lithium salt. The negative electrode layer may contain a negative electrode active material which can insert and release lithium ions at 0.4 V or more (V.S. Li/Li06-21-2012
20120156530APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TEMPERATURE OF BATTERY - According to some aspects, an apparatus and a method for controlling a temperature of a battery are disclosed. A cooling fan may be controlled according to a temperature of the battery, thereby preventing a reduction in performance of the battery. According to one aspect, the apparatus includes a temperature sensor configured to output an analog resistance value as a temperature of batteries of a battery pack. The apparatus further includes a battery temperature control part configured to convert the analog resistance value of the temperature sensor into a digital signal to control the temperature of the battery pack, and a cooling fan that is operated by a signal from the battery temperature control part. The battery temperature control part may include a defect discrimination part that senses a defective operation of the cooling fan.06-21-2012
20110091749Battery Pack - In a battery pack having a plurality of electrochemical battery cells arranged in one or more battery pack modules having inter-cell spaces defined between the cells, a method and apparatus diverts hot material vented from a failed battery cell into adjacent inter-cell spaces without permitting the hot material to directly impinge upon an adjacent battery cell end. Optionally the heat evolved from the cell failure is also conducted within the structure of the battery pack by thermally conductive elements to further dissipate it.04-21-2011
20090029237FLUORIDE ION ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - The present invention provides electrochemical cells capable of good electronic performance, particularly high specific energies, useful discharge rate capabilities and good cycle life. Electrochemical cells of the present invention are versatile and include primary and secondary cells useful for a range of important applications including use in portable electronic devices. Electrochemical cells of the present invention also exhibit enhanced safety and stability relative to conventional state of the art primary lithium batteries and lithium ion secondary batteries. For example, electrochemical cells of the present invention include secondary electrochemical cells using anion charge carriers capable of accommodation by positive and negative electrodes comprising anion host materials, which entirely eliminate the need for metallic lithium or dissolved lithium ion in these systems.01-29-2009
20110104525BATTERY PACK AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF - A battery pack and a driving method thereof. The battery pack includes a battery cell; a charge switch and a discharge switch installed in a charge/discharge line of a battery cell; and a microcontroller to sense and store voltages of the battery cell, to compare the voltages of the battery cell before and after the microcontroller is reset, and to controls the charge switch and the discharge switch based on the sensed voltages of the battery cell such that the microcontroller turns off only one of the charge switch and the discharge switch when there is a change between the voltages of the battery cell before and after the microcontroller is reset.05-05-2011
20120164491GALVANIC CELL HAVING RELEASABLE CONNECTING AREA - The invention relates to a galvanic cell (06-28-2012
20090130538Battery Apparatus, Vehicle Having the Same Mounted Thereon, and Failure Determining Method for the Battery Apparatus - The high-voltage battery unit 05-21-2009
20100247982RESERVE CELL-ARRAY NANOSTRUCTURED BATTERY - A battery having an electrode with at least one nanostructured surface is disclosed wherein the nanostructured surface is divided into cells and is disposed in a way such that an electrolyte fluid of the battery is prevented from contacting the portion of electrode associated with each cell. When a voltage is passed over the nanostructured surface associated with a particular cell, the electrolyte fluid is caused to penetrate the nanostructured surface of that cell and to contact the electrode, thus activating the portion of the battery associated with that cell. The current/voltage generated by the battery is controlled by selectively activating only a portion of the cells. Multiple cells can be active simultaneously to produce the desired voltage. The more cells that are active, the higher the current/voltage and the lower the overall life of the battery. The life of the battery can be extended by activating fewer cells simultaneously.09-30-2010
20120315510BATTERY PACK WITH BREATHABLE MEMBRANE - A battery pack is provided which includes at least one electrochemical rechargeable battery cell, and a housing enclosing the battery cell. At least one inlet is formed in the housing configured such that gas can enter into the housing, and at least one outlet is formed in the housing configured such that gas can exit the housing. The outlet includes a breathable membrane configured such that water vapor can pass through the membrane and outside the housing.12-13-2012
20120164492ACCUMULATOR WITH EXTENDED DURABILITY - The present invention relates to an accumulator with extended durability. The invention is described in relation to a lithium-ion-accumulator for supplying a motor vehicle drive. However, it should be noted that the invention will also be applicable for batteries without lithium and/or independent from motor vehicles.06-28-2012
20120164493ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL HAVING LITHIUM TITANATE - The invention relates to an electrochemical cell, comprising a negative electrode comprising a lithium titanate; a positive electrode; and a separator separating the negative from the positive electrode. The cell can be preferably used for driving a vehicle having an electric motor, preferably having a hybrid drive system.06-28-2012
20100209745MICROPOROUS POLYOLEFIN MEMBRANE, ITS PRODUCTION METHOD, BATTERY SEPARATOR AND BATTERY - The invention relates to a microporous membrane. The membrane can have an average thickness of 23 ?m or more, an air permeability in a range of about 20 sec/100 cm08-19-2010
20120219833LOW TEMPERATURE MOLTEN SODIUM SECONDARY CELL WITH SODIUM ION CONDUCTIVE ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE - The present invention provides a molten sodium secondary cell. In some cases, the secondary cell includes a sodium metal negative electrode, a positive electrode compartment that includes a positive electrode disposed in a liquid positive electrode solution, and a sodium ion conductive electrolyte membrane that separates the negative electrode from the positive electrode solution. In such cases, the electrolyte membrane can comprise any suitable material, including, without limitation, a NaSICON-type membrane. Furthermore, in such cases, the liquid positive electrode solution can comprise any suitable positive electrode solution, including, but not limited to, an aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. Generally, when the cell functions, the sodium negative electrode is molten and in contact with the electrolyte membrane. Additionally, the cell is functional at an operating temperature between about 100° C. and about 170° C. Indeed, in some instances, the molten sodium secondary cell is functional between about 110° C. and about 130° C.08-30-2012
20120315512POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY - A positive-electrode material for a lithium ion battery includes two or more types of positive-electrode active materials which are expressed by a chemical formula LiMPO4 (where M includes one or more types of metal elements selected from the group consisting of Mn, Fe, Co, and Ni) and which have an olivine structure. The M in at least one of the positive-electrode active materials includes two or more types of metal elements. An open circuit voltage curve in charging includes an initial rising region, one or more flat regions, one or more detectable voltage varying regions, and a terminal rising region in a state-of-charge region of 0% to 100%.12-13-2012
20120315511ELECTRODE MATERIALS FOR ELECTRICAL CELLS - The present invention relates to electrode materials for charged electrical cells, comprising at least one polymer comprising polysulfide bridges, and carbon in a polymorph comprising at least 60% sp12-13-2012
20120219832High Temperature Metal-Halogen Flow Battery with Non-Aqueous Molten Salt Electrolyte - An apparatus including at least one electrochemical flow cell in which the electrochemical flow cell includes an anode electrode, a cathode electrode and a reaction zone between the anode and the cathode. The electrochemical flow cell also includes an electrolyte storage reservoir configured to hold a molten salt electrolyte and a gas generated during charging of the at least one electrochemical flow cell and at least one conduit configured to supply the molten salt electrolyte and the gas from the storage reservoir to the at least one electrochemical flow cell. The electrochemical flow cell also includes at least one pump configured to pump the molten salt electrolyte from the storage reservoir to the reaction zone.08-30-2012
20100173180BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - A battery management system can include a battery having a plurality of cells, a plurality of devices coupled to the battery, and a control unit coupled to a first device of the devices. The devices can assess the statuses of the cells. The control unit can communicate with a destination device of the devices via a default path and can communicate with the destination device via a backup path if an undesirable condition occurs in the default path.07-08-2010
20120171523BATTERIES WITH PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS - A battery pack with phase change materials (PCM). The PCM would improve the heating and cooling capabilities under various vehicle operating conditions. Methods of controlling the temperature in battery packs are also described.07-05-2012
20110206952DETERMINATION SYSTEM AND DETERMINATION METHOD FOR DETERMINING WHETHER METAL LITHIUM IS PRECIPITATED IN A LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH THE DETERMINATION SYSTEM - A determination system for determining whether metal lithium is precipitated in a lithium ion secondary battery includes: a discharging unit that causes the lithium ion secondary battery to perform constant current discharge until a voltage of the lithium ion secondary battery becomes a voltage corresponding to a predetermined low state of charge; a natural increase acquisition unit that acquires a natural increase in voltage of the lithium ion secondary battery after the constant current discharge is terminated; and a precipitation determining unit the compares the acquired natural increase with a predetermined threshold, that determines that the metal lithium is not precipitated when the natural increase is larger than or equal to the threshold, and that determines that the metal lithium is precipitated when the natural increase is smaller than the threshold.08-25-2011
20100047671HIGH ENERGY DENSITY REDOX FLOW DEVICE - Redox flow devices are described in which at least one of the positive electrode or negative electrode-active materials is a semi-solid or is a condensed ion-storing electroactive material, and in which at least one of the electrode-active materials is transported to and from an assembly at which the electrochemical reaction occurs, producing electrical energy. The electronic conductivity of the semi-solid is increased by the addition of conductive particle to suspensions and the surface modification of the solid in semi-solids: coating the solid with a more electron conductive coating material to increase the power of the device. High energy density and high power redox flow devices are disclosed.02-25-2010
20100047672HEATER POWER SUPPLY METHOD OF SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERY - There is disclosed means for stably supplying a power to a heater so that the temperature of a sodium-sulfur battery does not lower even in a case where service interruption occurs in a power system in an interconnected system. When a wind power generation device 02-25-2010
20120177955BATTERY WITH RESETTABLE INTERNAL FUSE - A 9V battery has a fuse such as a 1 amp bi-metallic resettable fuse in series with the battery cells. This would prevent over-current conditions from occurring, keeping the battery from overheating and prolonging the useful life of the battery. Once the fuse is reset, the battery is once again usable.07-12-2012
20120177957BATTERY WITH PRESSURE RELIEF CHANNEL - A battery having an outer casing and an anode/cathode assembly within that casing, wherein the anode/cathode assembly includes plural anodes and cathodes and electrolyte therebetween. The battery has a pressure relief feature associated with the casing and a channel preservation element sufficiently rigid to preserve at least one gas passageway to the pressure relief feature under conditions of anode/cathode assembly warpage. Thus the gas in the passageway will not become impeded by anode/cathode assembly warpage.07-12-2012
20120177956ELECTROLYTE SOLVENT FOR IMPROVING SAFETY OF BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME - The present invention provides an electrolyte solvent for batteries, which comprises fluoroethylene carbonate and linear ester solvent. Also, the present invention provides a lithium secondary battery comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode and an electrolyte, wherein the electrolyte comprises fluoroethylene carbonate and linear ester solvent. The inventive electrolyte solvent can improve the battery safety without deteriorating the battery performance.07-12-2012
20120231304METHOD AND DEVICE FOR COOLING AN ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORE - A device for cooling an electrochemical energy store, particularly a galvanic cell containing lithium, is provided with a cooling agent (09-13-2012
20100291420Novel Vanadium Halide Redox Flow Battery - A vanadium halide redox cell including: a positive half cell containing a positive half cell solution including a halide electrolyte, a polyhalide complex, vanadium (IV) halide and vanadium (V) halide; a negative half cell containing a negative half cell solution including a halide electrolyte, vanadium (II) halide and vanadium (III) halide; wherein the ratio of the number of moles of polyhalide complex and vanadium (V):number of moles of vanadium (II) halide is about stoichiometrically balanced and wherein the ratio of the number of moles of polyhalide complex:the number of moles of vanadium (II) halide is in the range of from about 0.7:2 to about 1.3:2.11-18-2010
20090061288Lithium-sulfur battery with a substantially non-pourous membrane and enhanced cathode utilization - A lithium-sulfur battery is disclosed in one embodiment of the invention as including an anode containing lithium and a cathode comprising elemental sulfur. The cathode may include at least one solvent selected to at least partially dissolve the elemental sulfur and Li2S03-05-2009
20100291419BATTERY PACK HEAT EXCHANGER, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS - A battery pack heat exchanger, system, and method comprises a plurality of battery modules comprising a heat exchanger having an outer shell and a plurality of cylinders extending within the outer shell. A plurality of battery cells are positioned within the plurality of cylinders and a coolant is poured into the shell via a fill port. As a result, the coolant is able to absorb and dissipate localized heat produced by the battery cells throughout the heat exchanger. Therefore, if one battery cell undergoes a thermal run-away, the heat will be distributed throughout the shell volume thereby greatly reducing the likelihood that battery cells directly adjacent the run-away cell absorb the brunt of the heat and undergo thermal run-away themselves.11-18-2010
20100291418BATTERY PACKS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS - A movable, portable, and instantly attachable/detachable battery pack includes batteries enclosed in a case with a ground transportation structure, such as wheels, coasters, and runners. The battery pack can include handles and mating connectors. The ground transportation structure allows the majority of the weight of the battery packs to be supported by the ground during transportation. The person who moves the battery pack only needs to use a minimum force sufficient to move the battery pack in a direction perpendicular to the force of gravity. Battery packs disclosed herein can be easily maneuvered into a building or structures to be recharged or swapped.11-18-2010
20100291417METHOD FOR DETERMINING EXTENT AND TYPE OF CAPACITY FADE - A method of determining extent and type of capacity fade of an electrochemical cell in one embodiment includes identifying a first volume fraction of an active material in an electrode, identifying a first capacity of the first electrode at another time, identifying a second volume fraction of the first active material based upon the first capacity, identifying a first amount of the first active material lost from the first time to the second time based upon the first volume fraction and the second volume fraction, identifying a third volume fraction of an active material in another electrode, identifying a second capacity of the second electrode at a later time, identifying a fourth volume fraction of the second active material based upon the second capacity, and identifying a second amount of the second active material lost based upon the third volume fraction and the fourth volume fraction.11-18-2010
20120082872ADDITIVE FOR ELECTROLYTES - Spiro ammonium salts as an additive for electrolytes in electric current producing cells, in particular electric current producing cells comprising a Li-based anode, are provided. In some embodiments, the electric current producing cell comprises a cathode, a Li-based anode, and at least one electrolyte wherein the electrolyte contains at least one spiro ammonium salt.04-05-2012
20120082871Thermal Management Controls for a Vehicle Having a Rechargeable Energy Storage System - A method of operating a RESS thermal system in a vehicle having a coolant loop for directing a coolant through a RESS and a refrigerant loop configured to selectively cool the coolant flowing through a chiller in the coolant loop, including: determining a current target temperature range for the RESS based on a current vehicle operating mode and ambient temperature; determining a temperature of the RESS; determining if the temperature of the RESS needs to increase or decrease to be within the current target temperature range; if the determination is made that the temperature of the RESS needs to increase, determining if an active heating or a passive heating of the coolant will be employed, the active heating using a greater amount of energy over a shorter time period than the passive heating; and activating the determined active heating or passive heating of the coolant.04-05-2012
20120258337BATTERY THERMAL INTERFACES WITH MICROENCAPSULATED PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS FOR ENHANCED HEAT EXCHANGE PROPERTIES - A battery module with microencapsulated phase change materials as an automotive thermal management system. In one form, the microencapsulated phase change material is in the form of a foam made of a core encased in a generally polymer-based shell. In a more particular form, the foamed material may be tailored to go through isothermal phase change at more than one temperature, such as a relatively cold temperature and a relatively high temperature. A thermal management system based on the use of such microencapsulated phase change material includes heating and cooling capabilities for conditions expected to be encountered under both high-temperature and low-temperature vehicular operating conditions. Methods of controlling the temperature in battery modules are also described.10-11-2012
20090017364METHODS FOR IMPROVING LITHIUM ION BATTERY SAFETY - The methods and apparatus described herein include, in some variations, a method of powering an electronic device with a lithium ion cell that has a cathode and an anode. The anode is made, at least in part, of nano-crystalline Li01-15-2009
20100183903UTILITY SCALE OSMOTIC GRID STORAGE - Systems and methods for the storage of potential energy that may be readily converted to electrical power delivered to a customer or grid distribution are disclosed. This method may involve the use of salinity gradients, or as they may be also described, osmotic pressure gradients or differences between two solutions, to produce hydraulic pressure in a concentrated solution, allowing for the generation of power.07-22-2010
20110003182Connection scheme for multiple battery cells - A series-parallel battery system with a buffer resistor coupled to each junction of batteries or battery cells. Buffer resistors on the same row are coupled to a measurement node. Terminals of the battery system and the measurement nodes are treated as measurement points that are coupled to a conventional battery management unit. The buffer resistors provide a means for limiting in-rush current and a means for maintaining voltage balance across the row of batteries in the parallel columns of batteries. A control unit in series with each series of batteries monitors current in the series and comprises a switch to deactivate the column when the current exceeds a set of predetermined current levels.01-06-2011
20120328909MONITORING ELECTRODE AND SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME - This invention relates to a monitoring electrode for measuring voltage of each of a cathode and an anode of a secondary battery including the cathode, the anode and an electrolyte, which includes a first end portion inserted into the secondary battery so as to be incorporated in the electrolyte but disposed so that it is not in contact with the cathode or the anode; and a second end portion extending from the first end portion and having branches respectively connected to the cathode and the anode, and to a secondary battery using the same.12-27-2012
20110003183COMMON MODE VOLTAGE ENUMERATION IN A BATTERY PACK - An apparatus and method for these embodiments of the present invention, useful in manufacturing for example, includes a plurality of battery modules serially intercoupled together, each module including a housing with an anode connector and a cathode connector, each housing including a memory for storing a module identifier and wherein an anode connector of a first module is coupled to a cathode connector of a second module; and a processing system, coupled to each the module, for determining a plurality of positional attributes of each the module, one positional attribute associated with each the module of the plurality of modules, the processing system writing an ID into the memory of each particular module responsive to the associated positional attribute for the particular module.01-06-2011
20120263980THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL BY A COMBINATION OF HEAT TRANSFER FLUID AND PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL - The invention is directed at devices, systems, and processes for managing the temperature of an electrochemical call including a device (10-18-2012
20110039135LIQUID POWERED ASSEMBLY - A liquid powered assembly including a housing; a removable bottom base; a seal; an electrolyte battery assembly; and, a liquid powered device. The housing includes an upper end portion and a lower end portion. The housing has a volume therein for containing an electrolyte solution. The lower end portion has a fluid inlet. The removable bottom base is removably attached to the lower end portion of the housing. The removable bottom base has a bottom surface for supporting the liquid powered assembly. A seal engages the housing and the removable bottom base for providing fluidic sealing engagement therebetween. An electrolyte battery assembly is positioned within the housing. A liquid powered device is operably attached to the electrolyte battery assembly. To provide operation, the housing and the removable bottom base are detached relative to each other and the housing is turned substantially upside down to allow filling of the housing via the inlet. The bottom base is then attached to the housing and the assembly is then inverted for use.02-17-2011
20130183549COMPOSITIONS, LAYERINGS, ELECTRODES AND METHODS FOR MAKING - There is a cell comprising an article comprising a hydrocarbon ionomer. The article may be any element in the cell, such as an interior wall, or a modification to an element, such as a film, a membrane, and a coating. The hydrocarbon ionomer is any polymer with ionic functionality, such as a polymeric (methacrylate) neutralized with lithium, and not containing halogen or halogen-containing substituents. The hydrocarbon ionomer may also be included in a composition within an element of the cell, such as a porous separator. The cell also comprises a positive electrode including sulfur compound, a negative electrode, a circuit coupling the positive electrode with the negative electrode, an electrolyte medium and an interior wall of the cell. In addition, there are methods of making the cell and methods of using the cell.07-18-2013
20110045323CURRENT LIMITING APPARATUS AND METHOD - A battery pack (02-24-2011
20120270077BATTERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INCREASING AN OPERATIONAL LIFE OF A BATTERY CELL - A battery system and a method for increasing an operational life of a battery cell are provided. The battery system includes a voltage sensor that generates a first signal indicative of a voltage level output by the battery cell, and a current sensor that generates a second signal indicative of a level of electrical current flowing through the battery cell. The battery system further includes a microprocessor that calculates a resistance level of the battery cell based on the first and second signals, and generates a control signal to induce a fluid supply system to increase a pressure level of the coolant fluid being supplied to the heat exchanger to a first pressure level, based on the resistance level.10-25-2012
20120270078Liquid Battery Formed from Encapsulated Components - An apparatus includes at least one battery storage compartment configured to store one or more encapsulated anodes and one or more encapsulated cathodes and at least one beverage storage compartment configured to store at least a component of a beverage. The apparatus also includes a manifold operably connected to the at least one battery storage compartment and to the at least one beverage storage compartment. The manifold is configured to receive at least one of the one or more encapsulated anodes, at least one of the one or more encapsulated cathodes, and at least a portion of the component of the beverage to form a battery that is configured to generate an electrical current.10-25-2012
20120270076FLUORIDE ION ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - The present invention provides electrochemical cells capable of good electronic performance, particularly high specific energies, useful discharge rate capabilities and good cycle life. Electrochemical cells of the present invention are versatile and include primary and secondary cells useful for a range of important applications including use in portable electronic devices. Electrochemical cells of the present invention also exhibit enhanced safety and stability relative to conventional state of the art primary lithium batteries and lithium ion secondary batteries. For example, electrochemical cells of the present invention include secondary electrochemical cells using anion charge carriers capable of accommodation by positive and negative electrodes comprising anion host materials, which entirely eliminate the need for metallic lithium or dissolved lithium ion in these systems.10-25-2012
20120276422Deactivation or Severing of an Energy Store - An energy store device, especially for a motor vehicle, includes at least two energy sources, which are connected via an electrical connection, and at least one safety element, the safety element being deformable and/or expandable in order to sever the electrical connection between the energy sources. In a method for severing electrical connections of an energy store device having at least two energy sources, a short-circuit risk is determined with the aid of at least one determination device, a propellant is activated following a determination result of the determination device, and at least one safety element is deformed and/or expanded by the activation of the propellant, in order to sever at least one electrical connection of the energy store device.11-01-2012
20120321919BATTERY CASE FOR RECEIVING ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY-STORAGE DEVICES - A battery case includes a deformable lateral wall. The battery case is provided to receive at least one electrochemical energy storage device. An electrochemical energy storage device includes a cell frame, which partially surrounds the device and in some areas forms the outer wall of the battery case. The battery case also includes a case cover, by which at least one electrochemical energy storage device can be electrically contacted. A lateral wall forms at least in some areas the outer wall of said battery case, wherein the stiffness of said lateral wall is less than the stiffness of the cell frame. When there is a pressure difference between the inner space of the battery case and the environment around the battery case, the lateral wall is therefore deformed and the volume of the battery case increases. The lateral wall is connected at least in some areas to said cell frame in a gas-tight manner.12-20-2012
20120094152METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING BATTERY HEATING - A method and a device for controlling battery heating is disclosed. The method comprises: starting battery heating when conditions for starting battery heating are met; and stopping battery heating when conditions for stopping battery heating are met. The conditions for stopping battery heating include at least one of the following: (a) an absorbed energy Q of the battery reaching a predetermined energy Q04-19-2012
20120094151BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF, AND POWER STORAGE APPARATUS USING THE SAME - A battery management system is disclosed. The system includes a variable discharge resistor and a temperature measuring unit to measure the temperature of the discharge resistor. The resistance of the discharge resistor is modified based at least in part on the measured temperature.04-19-2012
20120100403ELECTROLYTIC CELL AND METHOD OF ESTIMATING A STATE OF CHARGE THEREOF - A lithium ion battery includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and an electrolyte operatively disposed between the positive and negative electrodes. The negative electrode contains a composite material including graphitic carbon and a disordered carbon.04-26-2012
20130017418ELECTRODE MATERIAL COMPRISING METAL SULFIDE - The present invention relates to electrode material for an electrical cell comprising as component (A) at least one ion- and electron-conductive metal chalcogenide, as component (B) carbon in a polymorph comprising at least 60% sp01-17-2013
20130017419APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COOLING CONTROL OF BATTERY PACK - The apparatus for cooling control of a battery pack according to the present invention includes a temperature sensor for measuring the temperature of the battery pack; a blower module for introducing a cooling medium into the battery pack by means of fan operation; and a controller for controlling the operation of the blower module so that the cooling medium is introduced into the battery pack at a differential flow rate depending on temperature information input by the temperature sensor.01-17-2013
20130022843ASSEMBLED BATTERY AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING ASSEMBLED BATTERY - There is provided an assembled battery allowed to compute and detect an SOC easily with high accuracy while increasing energy density. An assembled battery 01-24-2013
20130171480System and Method for Monitoring Battery Bus Bars Within a Battery Pack - Systems and methods monitoring battery bus bars are disclosed. In one example, positive temperature coefficient thermistors are coupled to battery bus bars. The systems and method may reduce the cost and complexity of battery bus bar monitoring.07-04-2013
20130171481BATTERY PACK AND METHOD OF INSPECTING STORAGE STATE OF SECONDARY BATTERY IN BATTERY PACK - A battery pack is provided. The battery pack has a plurality of secondary batteries and an inspection circuit. When the plurality of secondary batteries are classified into a first secondary battery group configured of secondary batteries selected from the plurality of secondary batteries and a second secondary battery group configured of remaining secondary batteries not belonging to the first secondary battery group, the inspection circuit creates a first data string of the secondary batteries configuring the second secondary battery group, based on a predetermined arithmetic rule, from identification marks of the secondary batteries configuring the first secondary battery group, obtains a second data string by examining identification marks of the secondary batteries configuring the second secondary battery group, subsequently compares the first data string with the second data string, and stops a function of the battery pack when the first data string and the second data string do not match.07-04-2013
20130143076MATERIALS AND METHODS FOR RETARDING OR PREVENTING THERMAL RUNAWAY IN BATTERIES - One embodiment includes a rechargeable charge storage device including a microcapsule disposed within said rechargeable charge storage device; and a thermal retardant chemical species contained within said microcapsule, wherein said microcapsule is adapted to release said chemical species upon being exposed to a triggering event either prior to or during an unstable rise in temperature of said charge storage device.06-06-2013
20130136957SMART BATTERY SEPARATORS - A separator for an energy storage cell that is provided by a microporous web that includes an irreversible porosity-controlling agent a method for changing an operating characteristic of an energy storage cell.05-30-2013
20130115484LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY WITH IMPROVED SAFETY CHARACTERISTICS - A lithium ion secondary battery is provided. The battery comprises: an electrolytic solution; a negative electrode comprising a negative electrode active material; a positive electrode comprising a positive electrode active material, and a heat-resistant layer comprising a metal fluoride.05-09-2013
20130101874BATTERY WITH INTEGRATED POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND SCALABLE BATTERY CUTOFF - The present disclosure relates battery with an integrated power management system and scalable cutoff component, the battery system including a battery housing with first and second voltage output terminals, a plurality of rechargeable battery cells within the battery housing and having first and second voltage terminals; a power management system for generating an external control signal and an internal control signal based upon monitored operating parameters of the plurality of rechargeable battery cells, said external control signal for controlling an external power source and/or an external load, said power management system forming an integral part of the battery system; and a cutoff switch circuit within the battery housing and for making and breaking a conductive path between the first voltage terminal of the plurality of battery cells and the first voltage output terminal of the battery housing in response the internal control signal from the battery management system.04-25-2013
20130209841Passive Safety Device and Internal Short Tested Method for Energy Storage Cells and Systems - A passive safety device for an energy storage cell for positioning between two electrically conductive layers of the energy storage cell The safety device also comprising a separator and a non-conductive layer. A first electrically conductive material is provided on the non-conductive layer. A first opening is formed through the separator between the first electrically conductive material and one of the electrically conductive layers of the energy storage device. A second electrically conductive material is provided adjacent the first electrically conductive material on the non-conductive layer, wherein a space is formed on the non-conductive layer between the first and second electrically conductive materials. A second opening is formed through the non-conductive layer between the second electrically conductive material and another of the electrically conductive layers of the energy storage device. The first and second electrically conductive materials combine and exit at least partially through the first and second openings to connect the two electrically conductive layers of the energy storage device at a predetermined temperature.08-15-2013
20130209840PARTICLES, PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF AND USE THEREOF - Particles comprising a mixed oxide of the general formula (I)08-15-2013
20130130067FLUID-SURFACED ELECTRODE - An electrochemical device (such as a battery) includes at least one electrode having a fluid surface, which may employ a surface energy effect to maintain a position of the fluid surface and/or to modulate flow within the fluid. Fluid-directing structures may also modulate flow or retain fluid in a predetermined pattern. An electrolyte within the device may also include an ion-transport fluid, for example infiltrated into a porous solid support.05-23-2013
20130130069HIGH ELASTIC MODULUS POLYMER ELECTROLYTES SUITABLE FOR PREVENTING THERMAL RUNAWAY IN LITHIUM BATTERIES - A polymer that combines high ionic conductivity with the structural properties required for Li electrode stability is useful as a solid phase electrolyte for high energy density, high cycle life batteries that do not suffer from failures due to side reactions and dendrite growth on the Li electrodes, and other potential applications. The polymer electrolyte includes a linear block copolymer having a conductive linear polymer block with a molecular weight of at least 5000 Daltons, a structural linear polymer block with an elastic modulus in excess of 1×1005-23-2013
20130130068BATTERY SYSTEM, METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE BATTERY SYSTEM, AND ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - A battery system, a method of controlling the battery system, and an energy storage system including the battery system. The battery system includes: a plurality of tray battery management systems (BMSs) controlling at least one battery tray formed of a plurality of battery cells; and a rack BMS transmitting a synchronization signal to the tray BMSs to measure monitoring data, wherein the tray BMSs transmit the synchronization signal to a next tray BMS, measure monitoring data of the at least one battery tray via the transmitted synchronization signal, and transmit the measured monitoring data to the rack BMS. Accordingly, measurement accuracy of battery voltages and battery charging/discharging currents may be improved, and also, calculation accuracy of state of charge (SOC) and state of health (SOH) may be improved.05-23-2013
20130177784LITHIUM IRON PHOSPHATE COMPOSITE MATERIAL, PRODUCTION METHOD AND USE THEREOF - Provided are a lithium iron phosphate composite material, the production method thereof and the use thereof The lithium iron phosphate composite material has a micro-size particle structure, which contains nano-size grains of lithium iron phosphate and graphene inside, and bears nano-carbon particulates outside. The lithium iron phosphate composite material has the properties of high conductivity, high-rate charge/discharge performance and high tap density. The production method comprises: preparing an iron salt mixed solution according to the mole ratio of P:Fe=1:1; adding the above solution into an organic carbon source aqueous solution, followed by mixing and reacting, so as to obtain nano-iron phosphate covered with organic carbon source; adding the above nano-iron phosphate covered with organic carbon source and a lithium source compound into an aqueous solution of graphene oxide, agitating, mixing, and then spray drying, so as to obtain a precursor of lithium iron phosphate composite material; calcinating said precursor in a reduction atmosphere and cooling naturally, so as to obtain said lithium iron phosphate composite material. The material is used for lithium ion battery or positive electrode material.07-11-2013
20090274947Imidazolidinone nitroxides as electrode materials for energy storage devices - The invention relates to a an electrical energy storage device, such as a capacitor or a secondary battery, utilizing as active element the oxidation and reduction cycle of a sterically hindered imidazolidinone nitroxide radical. Further aspects of the invention are a method for providing such an energy storage device, the use of the respective compounds as active elements in energy storage devices and selected novel imidazolidinone nitroxide compounds.11-05-2009
20110212349ABNORMALITY DETECTOR AND DETECTION METHOD, AND FACILITY FOR PRODUCING BATTERY - Provided is a technology for detecting abnormal temperature rise of a battery regardless of the number of batteries, and preventing a trouble caused by abnormal temperature rise. A battery production facility (09-01-2011
20130122331LITHIUM ION BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM - A Lithium Ion battery cooling system for use in a hybrid vehicle comprises a plurality of self-contained liquid cooling modules, each cooling module including a closed and sealed container having an interior space. Each cooling module includes a battery assembly disposed within the interior space of the container and a plurality of battery cells having at least one fluid channel formed therebetween for receiving a fluid therein. A dielectric fluid is disposed within the at least one fluid channel. The dielectric fluid substantially immerses and is in contact with the battery assembly to heat and cool the battery assembly. A heating element is disposed within the interior space and heats the dielectric fluid. A cooling element is disposed within the interior space and cools the dielectric fluid.05-16-2013
20130149567LITHIUM ION BATTERY WITH AMORPHOUS ELECTRODE MATERIALS - Lithium-ion battery comprising: (a) a positive electrode comprising an amorphous chalcogenide which comprises lithium ions or which can conduct lithium ions; (b) a negative electrode; (c) a separator between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, wherein the separator comprises a non-woven material composed of fibres, preferably polymer fibres; (d) a non-aqueous electrolyte.06-13-2013
20110236731Battery Thermal Management System - In certain embodiments, a battery thermal management system includes at least one battery, at least one thermoelectric device in thermal communication with the at least one battery, and a conduit comprising an inlet configured to allow a working fluid to enter and flow into the conduit and into thermal communication with the at least one thermoelectric device. The conduit further comprises an outlet configured to allow the working fluid to exit and flow from the conduit and away from being in thermal communication with the at least one thermoelectric device. The battery thermal management system can further include a first flow control device which directs the working fluid through the inlet of the conduit and a second flow control device which directs the working fluid through the outlet of the conduit. The first flow control device and the second flow control device are each separately operable from one another.09-29-2011
20110256431BATTERY TEMPERATURE CONTROL - Systems and methods are provided for controlling battery temperature, for example those used in electric vehicles.10-20-2011
20110256430WELD VALIDATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A BATTERY MODULE - A weld validation system and method for a battery module are provided. The battery module has first and second battery cells and an interconnect member welded to first and second tabs of the first and second battery cells, respectively. The system includes a gripping device having first and second gripping fingers contacting the interconnect member. The system further includes a temperature sensor that generates a first signal indicative of a temperature of the interconnect member when a battery cycling device is discharging the battery module. The system further includes a computer that determines a first temperature value indicative of the temperature of the interconnect member based on the first signal.10-20-2011
20130149566RECHARGEABLE BATTERY SYSTEM - A rechargeable battery system can include features to facilitate determination of the charge state of a battery or a battery power unit. A rechargeable battery system can include a battery case that can hold a plurality of batteries. The batteries held by the battery case can include a tab located on a portion of the battery, such as, the terminal. The tab can include indicia of the charge state of the battery, and can be detached when the battery is at least partially discharged. The tab can facilitate determination of the charge state of the battery by allowing identification of batteries with the tab attached and batteries from which the tab has been detached.06-13-2013
20130183548COMPOSITIONS, LAYERINGS, ELECTRODES AND METHODS FOR MAKING - There is a carbon-sulfur composite; and there is a composition comprising about 1 to 17.5 wt. % polymeric binder and about 50 to 99 wt. % carbon-sulfur composite comprising carbon powder having a surface area of about 50 to 4,000 square meters per gram and a pore volume of about 0.5 to 6 cubic centimeters per gram. The carbon powder comprises carbon having a macromolecular structure ordered in at least two dimensions and characterized by having two-dimensional carbon sheets which are stacked into carbon layers. The carbon-sulfur composite also comprises about 5 to 95 wt. % sulfur compound. There is also a layering comprising a plurality of coatings. Respective coatings in the plurality of coatings can comprise respective compositions. The respective coatings can comprise at least one polymeric binder and at least one carbon-sulfur composite comprising carbon powder and sulfur compound. There are also electrodes comprising a composition or a layering and methods of using such in cells.07-18-2013
20110274950High Voltage Battery Composed of Anode Limited Electrochemical Cells - An electrochemical storage device including a plurality of electrochemical cells connected electrically in series. Each cell includes an anode electrode, a cathode electrode and an aqueous electrolyte. The charge storage capacity of the anode electrode is less than the charge storage capacity of the cathode.11-10-2011
20110274949GALVANIC CELL COMPRISING SHEATHING - The invention relates to a galvanic cell according to the invention with a substantially prismatic or cylindrical structure and an electrode stack. In addition the galvanic cell has at least one current conductor that is connected to the electrode stack and sheathing that at least partially surrounds the electrode stack. Part of a current conductor extends from said sheathing. The sheathing has at least one first deep drawn part and one second deep drawn part. One deep drawn part has a higher thermal conductivity than the other deep drawn parts. The deep drawn parts of the sheathing are provided to at least partially surround the electrode stack.11-10-2011
20110274948ENERGY TRANSFER USING ELECTROCHEMICALLY ISOLATED FLUIDS - The present invention is related to energy generation using electrochemically isolated fluids, and articles, systems, and methods for achieving the same. The embodiments described herein can be used in electrochemical cells in which at least one electrode comprises an electrochemically active fluid (i.e., the electrochemical cell comprises at least one fluid comprising electrode active material that is flowable into and/or out of the electrode compartment in which the electrode active material is charged and/or discharged).11-10-2011
20120282498LITHIUM-ION BATTERY - A lithium-ion battery in a housing includes (a) an anode, (b) a cathode, (c) a separator, (d) an electrolyte including a lithium salt and a non-aqueous solvent, and (e) a non-ionic surfactant.11-08-2012
20120282497BATTERY PACK THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD - A battery pack thermal management system includes a plurality of battery cells connected to at least one DC power bus. At least one thermoelectric device is operatively disposed in thermal contact with the plurality of battery cells. At least one temperature measuring device is operatively connected to the thermal management system, and configured to measure a temperature of a predetermined portion of the plurality of battery cells. A cell balancing circuit is operatively connected to the plurality of battery cells, and configured to selectively divert a portion of electric current from at least one of the plurality of battery cells to the at least one thermoelectric device. An electronic controller is operatively connected to the cell balancing circuit, and configured to control a flow of electric current to the at least one thermoelectric device.11-08-2012
20130183546COMPOSITE ALKALI ION CONDUCTIVE SOLID ELECTROLYTE - An electrochemical cell having a composite alkali ion-conductive electrolyte membrane. Generally, the cell includes a catholyte compartment and an anolyte compartment that are separated by the composite alkali ion-conductive electrolyte membrane. The composite electrolyte membrane includes a layer of alkali ion-conductive material and one or more layers of alkali intercalation compound which is chemically stable upon exposure to a chemically reactive anolyte solution or catholyte solution thereby protecting the layer of alkali ion-conductive material from unwanted chemical reaction. The layer of alkali intercalation compound conducts alkali ions. The cell may operate and protect the alkali ion-conductive material under conditions that would be adverse to the material if the intercalation compound were not present. The composite membrane may include a cation conductor layer having additional capability to protect the composite electrolyte membrane from adverse conditions.07-18-2013
20130183547COMPOSITIONS, LAYERINGS, ELECTRODES AND METHODS FOR MAKING - There is a composition comprising 1 to 17.5 wt. % ionomer composition comprising halogen ionomer and 50 to 99 wt. % carbon-sulfur composite made from carbon powder having a surface area of about 50 to 4,000 square meters per gram and a pore volume of about 0.5 to 6 cubic centimeters per gram. The composite has 5 to 95 wt. % sulfur compound. There is also a layering comprising a plurality of coatings. Respective coatings in the plurality of coatings comprise respective compositions. The respective coatings comprise at least one ionomer composition comprising halogen ionomer and at least one carbon-sulfur composite of carbon powder and sulfur compound. There are also electrodes comprising the composition or layering and methods of using such in cells.07-18-2013
20130183550COMPOSITIONS, LAYERINGS, ELECTRODES AND METHODS FOR MAKING - There is a cell comprising an article comprising a hydrocarbon ionomer. The article may be any element in the cell, such as an interior wall, or a modification to an element, such as a film, a membrane, and a coating. The hydrocarbon ionomer is any polymer with ionic functionality, such as a polymeric (methacrylate) neutralized with lithium, and not containing halogen or halogen-containing substituents. The hydrocarbon ionomer may also be included in a composition within an element of the cell, such as a porous separator. The cell also comprises a positive electrode including sulfur compound, a negative electrode, a circuit coupling the positive electrode with the negative electrode, an electrolyte medium and an interior wall of the cell. In addition, there are methods of making the cell and methods of using the cell.07-18-2013
20110311846Sodium Ion Based Aqueous Electrolyte Electrochemical Secondary Energy Storage Device - A secondary hybrid aqueous energy storage device includes an anode electrode, a cathode electrode which is capable of reversibly intercalating sodium cations, a separator, and a sodium cation containing aqueous electrolyte, wherein an initial active cathode electrode material comprises an alkali metal containing active cathode electrode material which deintercalates alkali metal ions during initial charging of the device.12-22-2011
20110311845INDUSTRIAL APPARATUS FOR THE LARGE-SCALE STORAGE OF ELECTRIC ENERGY - The invention relates to an improved industrial apparatus for the large-scale storage of energy and a process for storing and transporting electric energy by means of this apparatus.12-22-2011
20130189550COMPOSITE, ITS PRODUCTION AND ITS USE IN SEPARATORS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS - The present invention relates to a novel composite which comprises at least one base body composed of nonwoven as component (A), at least one nanocomposite as component (B), at least one polyether or at least one polyether-comprising radical as component (C) and optionally a lithium salt as component (D).07-25-2013
20130115485Lithium-Ion Battery with Life Extension Additive - A system and/or method for replenishing lithium-ion battery capacity that is lost due to side reactions over the lifetime of a battery in one embodiment includes a battery with a first electrode, a second electrode, a separator region configured to electronically isolate the first and second electrodes, a first portion of lithium metal encapsulated within a first ionically insulating barrier configured to prevent transport of lithium ions therethrough, a memory in which command instructions are stored, and a processor configured to execute the command instructions to (i) determine a first lithium content of the first electrode, (ii) compare the first lithium content of the first electrode to a first threshold, and (iii) activate the first portion of lithium metal based on the comparison of the first lithium content to the first threshold.05-09-2013
20130115486LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY CAPACITY RECOVERY APPARATUS, AND BATTERY CAPACITY RECOVERY METHOD - A lithium ion secondary battery includes: an outer covering material that is filled with an electrolyte; a collector that is housed in the outer covering material, formed with an electrode layer containing an active material, and electrically connected with the electrode layer; an insulation layer that is provided on the collector; and a low potential member that is provided on the insulation layer, has a lower oxidation reduction potential than the active material of the electrode layer, and possesses a reduction ability relative to the active material.05-09-2013
20120021258Method of Controlling System Temperature to Extend Battery Pack Life - A method for actively cooling the battery pack of an electric vehicle after the vehicle has been turned off, thereby limiting the adverse effects of temperature on battery life, is provided. Different battery pack cooling techniques are provided, thus allowing the cooling technique used in a particular instance to be selected not only based on the thermal needs of the battery pack, but also on the thermal capacity and energy requirements of the selected approach.01-26-2012
20120028087METHOD FOR MANAGING THE HEAT IN AN ELECTRIC BATTERY - Methods for managing the heat in an electric battery, including, when recharging said battery, preconditioning at an average temperature T02-02-2012
20120028086ULTRA HIGH MELT TEMPERATURE MICROPOROUS HIGH TEMPERATURE BATTERY SEPARATORS AND RELATED METHODS - Disclosed or provided are non-shutdown high melt temperature or ultra high melt temperature microporous battery separators, high melt temperature separators, battery separators, membranes, composites, and the like that preferably prevent contact between the anode and cathode when the battery is maintained at elevated temperatures for a period of time and preferably continue to provide a substantial level of battery function (ionic transfer, discharge) when the battery is maintained at elevated temperatures for a period of time, methods of making, testing and/or using such separators, membranes, composites, and the like, and/or batteries, high temperature batteries, and/or Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries including one or more such separators, membranes, composites, and the like.02-02-2012
20130196184BATTERY MODULE WITH INTEGRATED THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - A controller identifies a condition of a hazardous internal short by comparing patterns of series element voltages to the last known balance condition of the series elements. If the loaded or resting voltage of one or more contiguous series elements uniformly drop from the previously known condition by an amount consistent with an over-current condition, an over-current internal short circuit fault is registered. The desired response is to prevent the affected series elements from heating to a hazardous temperature by summoning the maximum heat rejection capability of the system until the short ceases and the affected elements cool, the cooling function is no longer able to operate due to low voltage, or the affected series string has drained all of its energy through the short. Also includes are responses that allow the battery pack to continue to power the cooling system even though it may enter an over-discharged state.08-01-2013
20130202920Dendrite-Inhibiting Salts in Electrolytes of Energy Storage Devices - The performance and the lifetime of energy storage devices can be hindered by the growth of metal dendrites during operation. Electrolytes having dendrite-inhibiting additives can result in significant improvement. In particular, energy storage devices having an electrode containing a metallic element, M1 can be characterized by a non-aqueous, liquid electrolyte having a first salt and a dendrite-inhibiting salt. The first salt can have a cation of M1 and the dendrite-inhibiting salt can have a cation of metallic element, M2, wherein the cation of M2 has an ionic size greater than, or equal to, the cation of M1.08-08-2013
20120094150METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL MONITORING AND CONTROL - Battery sub-arrays are configured for electrical and mechanical coupling with each other to form a multi-cell battery. A sub-array may be an individual cell or a group of cells. Each sub-array includes a bypass switch to connect the sub-array within the multi-cell battery or bypass the sub-array. Monitoring and control circuitry controls the bypass switch in response to voltage measurements, temperature measurements or a combination thereof for the sub-array. Each sub-array is contained in a holder including a housing and a thermal container encompassing a substantial portion of the housing. The housing includes a cell cavity, a sensor cavity, and a circuit cavity. Positive terminals and negative terminals are positioned on sides of the holder such that when holders are mechanically abutted in an array, various electrical connections can be made to connect the cells in series, parallel, or a combination thereof.04-19-2012

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