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Having means for active material generation or regeneration

Subclass of:

429 - Chemistry: electrical current producing apparatus, product, and process

429012000 - FUEL CELL, SUBCOMBINATION THEREOF OR METHODS OF OPERATING

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
429020000 By heating or cooling 55
429021000 By electrical current 33
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20100151293Method and apparatus for producing liquid hydrocarbons from coal - A method and apparatus for producing liquid hydrocarbons from coal that involves subjecting the coal to a pyrolysis reaction within a novel pyrolysis sub-system that includes a plurality of pyrolysis units, with each pyrolysis unit comprising two side-by-side retorts. To increase the amount of feedstock that can be handled within the required resident time, the plurality of pyrolysis units are uniquely arranged in tandem. The apparatus includes, in advance of the pyrolysis subsystem, an ash removal station wherein the ash is removed from the coal, a crushing station wherein the ash free coal is crushed to produce a crushed coal, and a desulfurizing steam station wherein the sulfur is substantially removed from the crushed coal. The apparatus further includes a closed fractionizing tower that is operably associated with the pyrolysis subsystem and into which the pyrolysis products from the pyrolysis subsystem pass. Within the closed fractionizing tower, the stream of pyrolysis condensate flowing from the pyrolysis subsystem is separated into various products that become the subject of further hydrogenation and treating. Additionally, the last pyrolysis unit of the pyrolysis subsystem is designed to drop the final residual material, or carbon char, from the pyrolysis subsystem into a quench and dry system and then into a water bath in a manner to maintain the oxygen-free environment. The collected char is then dried, bagged and forwarded to the fixed carbon market.06-17-2010
20090214908Fuel cell reforming catalyst, method of preparing the same, reformer for fuel cell, and fuel cell system including the same - A fuel cell reforming catalyst includes a platinum-group metal; an inorganic oxide selected from CeO08-27-2009
20100081020FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR SUPPLYING MIXED FUEL AND WATER TO THE SAME - An apparatus for supplying mixed fuel includes a water container storing water; a fuel container storing fuel, including at least gaseous fuel, the fuel container being coupled to the water container by a pressure pipe for transferring internal pressure of the fuel container to the water container; and a mixer coupled to the water container through a water supplying pipe and coupled to the fuel container through a fuel supplying pipe, the mixer outputting mixed fuel through a mixed fuel supplying pipe. A water supplying unit includes a water container storing water and connected to a water supplying pipe, the water container having an outlet; and a pressure applying unit coupled to the water container for applying gas pressure to an inside of the water container to discharge water from the water container through the outlet.04-01-2010
20100119896METHOD FOR PRODUCING DIHYDROGEN FROM HYDROGENATED SILICON - A process for the production of dihydrogen from hydrogenated silicon by bringing the hydrogenated silicon into contact with an alkaline solution. Devices of the fuel cell type using this hydrogen production method are also described.05-13-2010
20100112397CATALYST PRECURSOR SUBSTANCE, AND CATALYST USING THE SAME - The present invention provides a catalyst precursor substance containing copper, zinc, and aluminum and exhibiting an X-ray diffraction pattern having a broad peak at a specific interplanar spacing d (Å). The present invention also provides a method for producing the catalyst precursor substance by mixing a solution containing a copper salt, a zinc salt, and an aluminum salt with a solution containing an alkali metal hydroxide or an alkaline earth metal hydroxide, thereby forming a precipitate. In the present invention, a catalyst is prepared through calcining of the catalyst precursor; the catalyst is employed for water gas shift reaction; and carbon monoxide conversion is carried out by use of the catalyst. Thus, the present invention also provides a catalyst useful for water gas shift reaction, which exhibits high activity and durability and which, even when applied to a fuel cell, can be used for a long period of time with reduction in activity being suppressed; a carbon monoxide conversion method employing the catalyst; and a fuel cell system employing hydrogen produced through the carbon monoxide conversion method.05-06-2010
20100112394Reaction Apparatus, Fuel Cell System and Electronic Device - The invention relates to a reaction apparatus having an enhanced connection, and a fuel cell system and an electronic device that include such a reaction apparatus. A reaction apparatus (05-06-2010
20100112393FUEL CELLS - A redox fuel cell comprising an anode and a cathode separated by an ion selective polymer electrolyte membrane; means for supplying a fuel to the anode region of the cell; means for supplying an oxidant to the cathode region of the cell; means for providing an electrical circuit between the anode and the cathode; a catholyte solution comprising a modified ferrocene species being at least partially reduced at the cathode in operation of the cell, and at least partially re-generated by reaction with the oxidant after such reduction at the cathode.05-06-2010
20090155647SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR GENERATING ELECTRICAL POWER - The present invention is directed to a solid oxide fuel cell system for generating electrical power. The system comprises a solid oxide fuel cell, a reforming reactor, and a hydrogen separation apparatus. The reforming reactor includes a reforming region in which a feed comprising one or more hydrocarbons may be steam reformed to produce a reformed product gas containing hydrogen. The hydrogen separation apparatus is located in the reforming reactor positioned to separate hydrogen from the reformed product gas produced in the reforming reactor. The hydrogen separation apparatus is operatively connected to the anode of the solid oxide fuel cell to provide hydrogen to the fuel cell as a fuel to be oxidized to produce electricity.06-18-2009
20090155646REACTION DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT - Disclosed is a reaction device including: a reactor to cause a reaction of a reactant; a first container to house the reactor; and a second container to house the first container, wherein a gas is injected to a space between the reactor and the first container and the first container is sealed, and an atmospheric pressure in a space between the first container and the second container is lower than a normal atmospheric pressure.06-18-2009
20100104900FUEL CELL POWER GENERATION SYSTEM - The present invention provides a fuel cell power generation system that includes: a fuel cell including a first membrane electrode assembly including a positive electrode for reducing oxygen, a negative electrode for oxidizing hydrogen, and a solid electrolyte membrane disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and a fuel channel for supplying hydrogen to the fuel cell. The fuel cell includes a plurality of the first membrane electrode assemblies, and a hydrogen eliminating apparatus capable of eliminating at least part of the hydrogen that is present in the system is connected to the fuel channel.04-29-2010
20100104899UNIFIED FUEL PROCESSING REACTOR FOR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL - A unified fuel processing reactor for a solid oxide fuel cell can reform hydrocarbon-based fuel into hydrogen-rich gas, remove a sulfur component, and convert non-converted fuel and a low carbon (C04-29-2010
20100104901GASIFICATION EQUIPMENT - Gasification equipment with a gasification furnace which maintains a high cold gas efficiency, and suppresses a temperature rise of the gasification gas to minimize ash deposition is disclosed. A part of a CO04-29-2010
20100104902FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A casing of a fuel cell system is divided into a module area, a first fluid supply area, a second fluid supply area, and an electric parts area. The first fluid supply area is provided on a first side surface of the module area, and an electric parts area is provided on a second side surface of the module area. The second fluid supply area is provided under a bottom surface of the module area. A fuel cell module and a combustor are provided in the module area.04-29-2010
20100068572DESULFURIZATION AGENT FOR KEROSENE, METHOD FOR DESULFURIZATION AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM USING THE AGENT - A desulfurization agent for kerosene is provided that can remove efficiently the sulfurs contained in kerosene under low pressure conditions and thus is excellent in an effect to inhibit carbon deposition. The desulfurization agent contains 45 to 75 percent by mass of nickel oxide, 3 to 40 percent by mass of zinc oxide, 10 to 25 percent by mass of silica, 5 percent by mass or less of alumina and 0.1 percent by mass or less of sodium and has a BET specific surface area of 200 m2/g or greater.03-18-2010
20090123799Fuel cell - A fuel gas channel is divided into first and second fuel gas channel units by a partition. The first fuel gas channel unit has a fuel gas inlet for supplying a fuel gas before consumption from a fuel gas supply passage to a fuel gas flow field, and the second fuel gas channel unit has an exhaust fuel gas diverging holes for diverging at least some of an exhaust fuel gas used at an anode from the fuel gas flow field. The second fuel gas channel unit is connected to the fuel gas supply passage through an exhaust fuel gas diverging passage.05-14-2009
20090305097FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPPED THEREWITH - A fuel cell system (12-10-2009
20090305096Liquid fuel supply type fuel cell, fuel cell electrode, and methods for manufacturing same - A liquid fuel supply type fuel cell is provided in which water present in the oxidizer electrode is promptly removed and evaporated, thereby achieving high output. A fuel cell electrode and methods for manufacturing the same are also provided. In a fuel cell, a base material is provided with a hydrophobic layer on the surface in contact with a catalyst layer for discharging water promptly, and a hydrophilic layer from the hydrophobic layer towards the outside of the cell for evaporating water which has passed through the hydrophobic layer from the surface.12-10-2009
20090305095HYDROGEN PRODUCTION DEVICE AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A hydrogen production apparatus 12-10-2009
20090305094Fluid Tank for Fuel Cell - Disclosed herein are a fluid tank used as a water controller system for fuel cells, wherein the fluid tank includes a housing defining an inner space for receiving a liquid-phase component and a gas-phase component, discharging carbon dioxide and air of the gas-phase component, and supplying the liquid-phase component into a fuel cell stack, and wherein the housing is constructed in a dual structure in which a hermetically-sealed type inner case is disposed inside a hermetically-sealed type outer case such that a space defined between the hermetically-sealed type cases is filled with water, the housing is provided on the outer case and the inner case at one side surface thereof with one or more gas and liquid separation membranes, respectively, and the housing is provided on the outer case and the inner case at the other side surface thereof with one or more gas and liquid separation membranes, respectively, whereby the gas-phase component passes through the water filled in the space defined between the inner and outer cases when the gas-phase component is discharged to the outside from the inner space of the housing, and a fuel cell including the fluid tank.12-10-2009
20090110974FLOW CHANNEL AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell stack for generating electric energy by an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen and oxygen; a hydride tank for storing a liquid hydride; a liquid catalyst tank for storing a liquid catalyst for promoting a hydrogen gas generation reaction from the liquid hydride; a reaction flow channel for promoting laminar flow of the liquid hydride and the liquid catalyst; and a hydrogen separator for storing the hydrogen gas generated from the reaction flow channel and transferring the hydrogen gas to the fuel cell stack.04-30-2009
20090110973FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell stack for generating electricity by a electrochemical reaction of hydrogen and oxygen; a controller for controlling the operation of the system; a hydride storage tank for storing hydride powder as a source of hydrogen for the fuel cell stack; a hydrogen separating chamber for collecting hydrogen gas generated from a reaction of the hydride powder and liquid catalyst; a powder transferring device for transferring the hydride powder to the hydrogen separating chamber; and a residue collector for collecting residues that are generated from the reaction and settled at the bottom of the hydrogen separating chamber.04-30-2009
20090233130FUEL CELL - The present invention provides a fuel cell having a high heat recovery efficiency for effectively collecting heat discharged from a fuel cell stack. The fuel cell (09-17-2009
20090047555FUEL CELL SYSTEM - In a fuel cell system, during the state where the fuel cell system is not generating an electric power, a fuel gas passage and an oxidizing gas passage are closed, and an inert gas supply device (02-19-2009
20090011298Hydrogen Production Apparatus, Fuel Cell System and Operation Method Thereof - There are provided a hydrogen production apparatus, a fuel cell system and operation method thereof, which can more reliably suppress degradation due to oxidation of a catalyst in a hydrogen production apparatus even when start-ups and shutdowns are repeated without a purge operation during the shutdowns. The hydrogen production apparatus includes a reforming part, a shift reaction part, and a selective oxidation reaction part having a selective oxidation catalyst bed packed with a selective oxidation catalyst, wherein the hydrogen production apparatus has an oxygen absorbent bed packed with an oxygen absorbent capable of absorbing oxygen and capable of being regenerated by a reducing gas, and the oxygen absorbent bed and the selective oxidation catalyst bed are stacked with the oxygen absorbent bed on the downstream side, and the hydrogen production apparatus has means for opening the downstream of the oxygen absorbent bed to the atmosphere. The fuel cell system has this hydrogen production apparatus. The operation method of this fuel cell system includes opening the downstream of the oxygen absorbent bed to the atmosphere upon shutdown of the fuel cell system, and regenerating the oxygen absorbent using a hydrogen-containing gas during hydrogen production by the hydrogen production apparatus.01-08-2009
20090011296Hydrogen generating apparatus and fuel cell power generation system - A hydrogen generating apparatus and a fuel cell power generation system. An aspect of the invention provides a hydrogen generating apparatus for generating hydrogen through a dissociation reaction of an aqueous solution using electrons formed by an ionization of a metal. The hydrogen generating apparatus can include a chamber, which contains the aqueous solution, and in one side of which an outlet is formed to discharge the hydrogen; and a membrane, which is formed inside the chamber adjacent to the outlet, and which selectively permits the passage of the hydrogen. With certain embodiments of the invention, the overflowing of reagents can be prevented, for higher efficiency in the fuel cell. Because of the improvement in efficiency of the fuel cell power generation system, the volume of the system can be reduced, allowing for easier application to mobile devices.01-08-2009
20090011295Use of Silicon Particles as Catalyst, Electrochemical Device Comprising the Particles and Method Thereof - The invention provides the use of silicon particles as redox catalyst, an electrochemical device and method thereof. As electrocatalyst, the silicon particles catalyze a redox reaction such as oxidization of the redox reactant such as renewable fuels e.g. methanol, ethanol and glucose. The device such as a fuel cell comprises a redox reactant and a catalytic composition comprising silicon nanoparticles. The silicon particles catalyze the redox reaction on an electrode such as anode in the device. In preferred embodiments, the electrocatalysis is dramatically improved under low illuminance such as in darkness. The invention can be widely used in applications related to for example a fuel cell, a sensor, an electrochemical reactor, and a memory.01-08-2009
20090011294Hydrogen generator and fuel cell system with the same - A hydrogen generator includes a water storage container for storing water, a reaction container for receiving a solid fuel that is a mixture of a complex metal hydride and catalysts, and a water supplying source that is connected between the water storage container and the reaction container to supply the water to the reaction container.01-08-2009
20100086814CATALYST FOR REDUCING CARBON MONOXIDE CONCENTRATION - Disclosed in a catalyst which enables to reduce the carbon monoxide concentration in a product gas to 5 ppm by volume or less when carbon monoxide in a raw material gas containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide is selectively oxidized. The catalyst comprises a support of an inorganic oxide and ruthenium loaded thereon, and the relative loading depth X(Ru) of ruthenium in the radial direction in a redial cross-section of the catalyst satisfies the requirement defined by the following formula (1)04-08-2010
20080318095Hydrogen generating apparatus and fuel cell power generation system - A hydrogen generating apparatus is disclosed, which can provide a constant amount of hydrogen regardless of its orientation. The hydrogen generating apparatus can include an electrolyte bath, which contains an electrolyte solution; a free-moving first electrode, which is positioned inside the electrolyte bath, and which generates electrons; a free-moving second electrode, which is positioned inside the electrolyte bath, and which receives the electrons to generate hydrogen; a spacer positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode; and a control unit, which is connected with the first electrode and the second electrode, to control an amount of electrons traveling from the first electrode to the second electrode.12-25-2008
20090246575HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIAL AND RELATED SYSTEM - Disclosed herein is a hydrogen storage material comprising a metal hydride and an organic hydrogen carrier. Also disclosed herein is a hydrogen storage/fuel cell system which employs the hydrogen storage material.10-01-2009
20090023021Fuel Cell Apparatus And Electronic Appliances Mounting The Same - In order to provide a fuel cell apparatus with an effective energy consumption by selecting a suitable fuel cartridge mounted on the apparatus, the present invention provides a fuel cell apparatus comprising at least two fuel storage sections for storing fuel for power generation, wherein at least one of the storage sections is selected and used, while the fuel cell is in service.01-22-2009
20090075131DESULFURIZING AGENT AND METHOD OF DESULFURIZATION WITH THE SAME - The invention provides a desulfurizing agent which attains effective removal of sulfur from a hydrocarbon feedstock and/or an oxygen-containing hydrocarbon feedstock so as to attain a considerably low sulfur level and which has a long service life; a process for producing hydrogen for fuel cells, which process includes steam-reforming, partial-oxidation-reforming, or autothermal-reforming of a hydrocarbon feedstock and/or an oxygen-containing hydrocarbon feedstock which has been desulfurized by use of the desulfurizing agent; a fuel cell system employing hydrogen produced through the process.03-19-2009
20100035104HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A crystalline AlH02-11-2010
20090123800Post-reformer treatment of reformate gas - A method of modifying reformate gas composition downstream of the reformer so that it remains in a carbon-free region, i.e. above the critical oxygen/carbon ratio even at the desired minimum operating temperature. This is accomplished by using staged partial oxidation in a partial oxidation chamber downstream of the reformer. A small amount of air (or oxygen) is added. The net result is an increase in the oxygen/carbon ratio and, thus, a lowering of the required temperature for soot-free operation. Immediately downstream of this partial oxidation chamber, heat can be removed to cool the gas prior to a second stage of partial oxidation. A second stage partial oxidation chamber produces additional water and further increases the oxygen/carbon ratio and further lowers the required gas temperature for soot-free operation. Further stages of partial oxidation followed by cooling of the gas can be repeated until the oxygen/carbon ratio is sufficiently high to allow soot-free operation at the lowest required operating temperature.05-14-2009
20090098423HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIALS AND HYDROGEN FUEL CELLS - Hydrogen storage materials are provided that may be capable of a hydrogenated state and dehydrogenated state. The hydrogen storage material comprises a plurality of hydrogen storage molecular units. Each hydrogen storage molecular unit comprises a transition metal bonded to one or more elements from period 2 of the periodic table, wherein the hydrogen storage material includes at least 6.5% molecular hydrogen by weight when in the hydrogenated state and is stable at temperatures below about 200° C. and at pressures of about 1 atm and below. The hydrogen storage materials may be used in conjunction with fuel cells in portable electronic devices.04-16-2009
20090098424HYDROGEN PRODUCING APPARATUS AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM USING THE SAME - A hydrogen producing apparatus according to the present invention includes a hydrogen-generating-material containing vessel 04-16-2009
20090317672CO CONVERSION CATALYST FOR USE IN FUEL CELL IN DSS OPERATION, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - To provide a CO conversion catalyst for use in a fuel cell in a DSS operation, which includes a Cu—Al-Ox catalyst, in which the Cu—Al-Ox catalyst has a boehmite phase formed in at least a part of the Cu—Al-Ox catalyst. The CO conversion catalyst has an improved degree of dispersion of Cu metal by the boehmite phase formed therein, and hence can be prevented from sintering of copper caused due to steam, thereby achieving improved durability with respect to the function as the CO conversion catalyst.12-24-2009
20100112395FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A casing of a fuel cell system is divided into a module area, a fluid supply area, and an electric parts area. The fluid supply area is provided on a first side surface of the module area, and an electric parts area is provided on a second side surface of the module area. A fuel cell module and a combustor are provided in the module area.05-06-2010
20100112396FIELD HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEM - A field hydrogen generation system. Includes a flexible housing transparent to visible light and a photoelectrochemical cell adapted to be received within a volume of the housing. A quantity of feedstock liquid within the housing is in contact with said photoelectrochemical cell. A conduit is in fluid communication between the volume of the housing and a hydrogen collection vessel.05-06-2010
20090087704FUEL CELL UNIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE - Disclosed is a fuel cell unit including a power generation cell having a first electrode and a second electrode, which generates electric power by using a first material supplied to the first electrode and a second material supplied to the second electrode, a heating unit to heat the power generation cell and a power collecting unit to take out electric power generated by the power generation cell from the first electrode or the second electrode, and the heating unit is provided at the power collecting unit.04-02-2009
20090291340COMPLIANT FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell assembly comprising at least one metallic component, at least one ceramic component and a structure disposed between the metallic component and the ceramic component. The structure is configured to have a lower stiffness compared to at least one of the metallic component and the ceramic component, to accommodate a difference in strain between the metallic component and the ceramic component of the fuel cell assembly.11-26-2009
20100086813Reaction Apparatus, Fuel Cell System and Electronic Device - The invention provides a reaction apparatus capable of efficiently causing a reaction, and a fuel cell system and an electronic device that include such a reaction apparatus. A reaction apparatus (04-08-2010
20090263690APPARATUS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN AND FUEL CELL POWER GENERATION SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME - Disclosed are an apparatus for generating hydrogen and a fuel cell power generation system that have the same. The apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention include: an electrolytic bath configured to contain electrolyte solution; an anode placed inside the electrolytic bath and configured to generate an electron; a cathode placed inside the electrolytic bath and configured to generate hydrogen by receiving the electron from the anode; a controller electrically connected to the anode and the cathode, and configured to control flow of electricity between the anode and the cathode; and a hydrogen generating material accepted inside the electrolytic bath and configured to generate hydrogen through the reaction with the electrolyte solution in order to start the controller.10-22-2009
20090263689FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell stack, a heat exchanger, a reformer, and a combustor. A combustion gas path for supplying the combustion gas produced in the combustor to the heat exchanger as the heat medium is provided. The combustion gas path is provided between a space of dual walls comprising a first inner plate and a second inner plate and a first case unit and a second case unit accommodating a load applying mechanism and the fuel cell stack.10-22-2009
20090263688FUEL CELL - A fuel cell (10-22-2009
20090263687Fuel Cell System Having Hydrogen Generating Apparatus - In a fuel sell system having a hydrogen generating apparatus, data of electric power to be supplied in response to a fluctuating power load is input to a system controller. Based on this data of electric power, an amount of water dissolved fuel to be supplied to a reactor is controlled and a fuel cell unit is operated by using hydrogen which is generated in the reactor. The fuel cell system responds to a fluctuating power load and stabilizes load current by means of a compound power that is a sum of the generated power by the fuel cell unit and charged or discharged power in the capacitor. A water separation tank which separates water from used fuel in the reactor and a temporary storage tank which stores water from the water separation tank are provided. In a hydrogen generator unit which contains a system to supply water in the temporary storage tank to the reactor, hydrogen which is generated in the reactor is supplied to the fuel cell unit.10-22-2009
20100098978HOUSING FOR RECEIVING AT LEAST ONE FUEL CELL STACK - The invention relates to a housing for accommodating at least one fuel cell stack, an opening being provided in at least one housing wall in a position in which the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack intersects the housing wall, a clamping block being placable in the opening to which clamping block again a force in the stacking direction of the fuel cell stack can be applied by a clamping device to clamp the fuel cell stack.04-22-2010
20090258263HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - Provided is a hydrogen generator capable of suppressing degradation in capability of a hydrogen generator which is caused by crush of particulate reforming catalyst and of suppressing decrease in reforming efficiency due to decrease in heat transfer efficiency of a catalyzing portion which is caused by the crush of the particulate reforming catalyst. A hydrogen generator comprises a catalyzing portion 10-15-2009
20090274939FUEL CELL SYSTEM, FUEL CELL SYSTEM DRIVE METHOD AND FUEL CONTAINER FOR POWER GENERATION - A fuel cell system having a fuel cell which performs a power generation operation with fuel for power generation of a fuel container; a water supply control section which extracts water from the fuel container and supplies the water to the fuel cell before the fuel cell performs the power generation operation. A wet state of an electrolyte membrane in the fuel cell body is adequately maintained during system start-up (upon commencement of a power generation operation) and an electrochemical reaction related to the power generation operation is accelerated. In this manner, the fuel cell system which can adequately extract predetermined electrical energy and a fuel container for power generation applicable to that fuel cell system are provided.11-05-2009
20090280368METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A MICROREACTOR WITH INCREASED EFFICIENCY FOR SUPPLYING A SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ENERGY FOR MICRO CELL PORTABLE APPLICATIONS - A method for forming an increased efficiency microreactor for an energy production for portable applications includes at least one micro fuel cell. The microreactor has a reaction chamber including a catalyst for the production of gaseous hydrogen to be supplied to the micro fuel cell. The method may include providing at least one first silicon die, a face thereof defining an active surface of the reaction chamber. The method may include anisotropically etching the at least one first silicon die for realizing a plurality of notches and countershaped ridges suitable for increasing the area of the active surface so as to define an increased active surface. The method may also include depositing on at least one portion of the increased active surface a layer of the catalyst.11-12-2009
20090104485AUXILIARY POWER UNIT FOR GENERATING ELECTRICAL POWER - An auxiliary power unit for generating electrical power. The auxiliary power unit includes a fuel cell system for combining hydrogen and oxygen to provide electrical power, and a system for storing and retrieving elemental hydrogen for supplying hydrogen to the fuel cell system. The storing and retrieving system contains at least one hydrogen storage member formed by a mass of porous silicon having interior and exterior surfaces, in which at least the interior surfaces have dangling bond sites at which reversible chemisorption of hydrogen atoms occurs. The storing and retrieving system further includes a control system for liberating the chemisorbed hydrogen atoms from the dangling bond sites and releasing the liberated hydrogen atoms as hydrogen gas for use by the fuel cell system.04-23-2009
20090280366ANODE LOOP OBSERVER FOR FUEL CELL SYSTEMS - A system and method for controlling the bleed valve in an anode recirculation loop of a fuel cell system. The system uses a model to determine the concentration of hydrogen in the recirculated gas by calculating the volume flow of the recirculated gas through a fuel cell stack, a pressure drop across the anode inlet and outlet of the stack, and the density of the recirculated gas, and using a measured temperature of the recirculated gas and a measured pressure drop across a recirculation pump.11-12-2009
20080274384SELF-REGULATING HYDROGEN GENERATOR FOR USE WITH A FUEL CELL - A hydrogen generation device includes a liquid fuel chamber, a catalytic hydrogen generation chamber, a hydrogen collection chamber and separation elements between these chambers. Once a certain hydrogen pressure in the device is reached liquid fuel is substantially prevented from being catalytically converted into hydrogen, whereby the production of hydrogen is stopped until hydrogen is allowed to exit the device to lower the pressure therein. This Abstract is not intended to define the invention disclosed in the specification, nor intended to limit the scope of the invention in any way.11-06-2008
20080274383Process for Fabricating Pressure Vessel Liner - A process prevents a reduction in the strength of the joint between the liner components, and assures high productivity without impairment. The peripheral walls (11-06-2008
20080280173Electricity Generation Module Including a Plurality of Electrochemical Cells - An electricity generation module including: a plurality of basic electrochemical cells; plates for supporting the basic cells, the support plates forming spacers for two consecutive basic cells; and a loading mechanism configured to maintain the relative position of the basic cells and the support plates by pressure.11-13-2008
20080280172ELECTRO-CATALYTIC RECHARGING COMPOSITION - A composition useful for the fueling and refueling of electrochemical devices is described. The composition comprises an ion-conducting medium such as an electrolyte, and catalyst nanoparticles. Unlike traditional electrodes, such as those typically used in electrolyzers and fuel cells, the inventive composition may be quickly drained from the device and refilled to maintain maximum cell performance. In addition, the electro-catalytic charging composition can be stored as a solid for safe handling; for example in a portable cartridge.11-13-2008
20080292923System for continuous removal of a specific gas from a flowing mixture of gases - A system comprising a cylindrical housing containing a sorbent cartridge selective of one or more gases in a gaseous mixture. End caps on opposite ends of the housing seal to the ends of the cartridge and direct the flow of gas mixture through a portion of the cartridge. The first end cap has entrance and exit ports for the gas mixture and for a purging gas for cartridge regeneration. The second end cap includes a compartment to receive and return the gas mixture to the first cap exit port. The purging gas follows a similar pathway via the remaining portion of the cartridge. The cartridge is rotatable within the housing; thus, the exhausted portion of the medium may be rotated into position for regeneration while a regenerated portion of the medium is rotated into position for re-use, thus providing continuous adsorption from the gas mixture.11-27-2008
20080311447Fuel composition for polymer electrolyte fuel cell polymer electrolyte fuel cell system including same - The fuel composition for a fuel cell for a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell includes a fuel, water, hydrogen peroxide (H12-18-2008
20080220297Hydrogen Generator - Hydrogen generation materials are a complex hydride which generates hydrogen upon hydrolysis, and an aqueous solution comprising water for causing the hydrolysis, and an accelerator dissolved therein for accelerating a hydrogen generation reaction. A method of hydrogen generation by a hydrogen generator comprises a first step S09-11-2008
20080206612MIXING TANK FOR FUEL CELL - A mixing tank for a fuel cell is provided with a container housing fuel for the fuel cell, an absorbent member housed in the container, which has a cavity therein, an inlet flow path interconnecting the fuel cell and the container so as to conduct an exhaust from the fuel cell to the container and admix the exhaust with the fuel to form a mixture absorbed in the absorbent member, an exhaust flow path interconnecting the cavity and an outside of the mixing tank so as to conduct gas to the outside and an outlet flow path interconnecting the absorbent member and the fuel cell so as to conduct the mixture absorbed in the absorbent member to the fuel cell.08-28-2008
20080305372WATER VAPOR TRANSPORT POWER GENERATOR - An improved system for generating electrical power using a fuel cell. More particularly, a system for generating hydrogen gas by reacting water vapor with a substantially non-fluid substance and transporting the generated hydrogen gas to the fuel cell which generates electrical power. Reacting water vapor with the non-fluid hydrogen generating substance rather than liquid water prevents caking of the non-fluid substance and deposition of byproducts onto the non-fluid substance that interfere with continued generation of hydrogen gas.12-11-2008
20080268307Hydrogen generating apparatus and fuel cell power generation system - A hydrogen generating apparatus and a fuel cell power generation system are disclosed. The hydrogen generating apparatus may include an electrolyte bath, which contains an electrolyte solution; a first electrode, which is stacked on a surface inside the electrolyte bath, and which generates electrons; a moisture absorption layer, which is stacked on the first electrode, and which absorbs moisture from the electrolyte solution; and a second electrode, which is stacked on the moisture absorption layer, and which generates hydrogen using the electrons and the electrolyte solution. With this apparatus, the electrodes can be formed as thin films, whereby the number of electrodes can be increased and -the gaps between electrodes can be decreased, to increase the amount of hydrogen generation. Also, the flow of electrons can be controlled, using a control unit, in accordance to the amount of hydrogen or amount of electrical power required by the fuel cell.10-30-2008
20080268304PLATE-TYPE REACTOR FOR FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM THEREWITH - A plate-type reactor for a fuel cell is provided. The plate-type reactor includes a plate-type reactor main body having a path for allowing a reactant to flow and a catalyst formed in the path to promote a chemical reaction of the reactant. The catalyst is composed of a first catalyst layer coated on a surface of the path and a second catalyst layer filled in a remaining space of the path.10-30-2008
20080268305FUEL REFORMING APPARATUS, AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM INCLUDING SAME - Fuel reforming apparatus and fuel cell systems including the same are provided. The fuel reforming apparatus includes a reactor main body; a catalyst reaction region inside the reactor main body for generating a reforming gas containing hydrogen by promoting at least a partial oxidation (POX) reaction of a reactant containing a hydrocarbon fuel and an oxidant; and a heat-insulating member inside the reactor main body surrounding the catalyst reaction region for insulating heat generated by the POX reaction.10-30-2008
20080268306Hydrogen generating apparatus fuel cell power generation system - A hydrogen generating apparatus and a fuel cell power generation system are disclosed. The hydrogen generating apparatus may include: an electrolyte bath, which contains an electrolyte solution; a first electrode, which is coupled to one side within the electrolyte bath, and which is configured to generate electrons; and a second electrode, which is coupled to the one side within the electrolyte bath with a predetermined distance from the first electrode, and which is configured to generate hydrogen using the electrons and the electrolyte solution. The apparatus can be structured to have electrodes and conductive coating layers secured to the inside of the electrolyte bath, to reduce resistance between the electrodes and an external circuit and facilitate the movement of electrons.10-30-2008
20080268303Power generator with additional hydrogen storage - A power generator includes a hydrogen producing fuel and a hydrogen storage element. A fuel cell having a proton exchange membrane separates the hydrogen producing fuel from ambient. A valve is positioned between the hydrogen storage element and the hydrogen producing fuel and the fuel cell. Hydrogen is provided to the fuel cell from the hydrogen storage element if demand for electricity exceeds the hydrogen producing capacity of the hydrogen producing fuel.10-30-2008
20090136801REFORMING APPARATUS - A reformer including a reforming section generating reformed gas from reforming fuel supplied thereto, a combustion section burning combustion fuel supplied thereto with combustion oxidizer gas supplied thereto to heat the reforming section with the combustion gas, a combustion gas flow passage allowing the combustion gas discharged from the combustion section to flow, an oxygen density detecting device provided on the combustion gas flow passage detecting oxygen density in the combustion gas flow passage, and a controller judging the ignition of the combustion section based on the oxygen density detected by the oxygen density detecting device.05-28-2009
20080318096Hydrogen generating apparatus and fuel cell power generation system - A hydrogen generating apparatus can include an absorbent layer that absorbs an aqueous solution, a metal membrane deposited on either side of the absorbent layer such that the absorbent layer is interposed between the metal membranes, and a support layer formed on one side of one of the metal membranes that transports hydrogen generated by a reaction between the aqueous solution and the metal membrane. A batch type reaction may thus be implemented between the aqueous solution and the metal membranes, so that the reaction can be controlled to provide an even rate of hydrogen generation. Possible disturbances to the reaction resulting from by-products can be prevented, and since there is no additional equipment required, the volume and weight of the fuel cell power generation system can be reduced, and the extra power consumption by the additional equipment can be avoided.12-25-2008
20090017346HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND FUEL CELL USING SAME - A device for generating hydrogen by hydrolysis of a hydride comprising a reactor containing the hydride in solid form, in the divided state or not, and comprising at least one orifice for removing the hydrogen produced; means for releasing the water required for the hydrolysis reaction; and at least one envelope suitable for isolating the hydride from the water required for the hydrolysis reaction, the envelope being made from a consumable material. According to the present invention, the envelope is suitable for contacting the water with the hydride in a site capable of serving as the seat of the hydrolysis reaction and of moving in the reactor as the material constituting the envelope is consumed by the hydrolysis reaction products.01-15-2009
20090325008REFORMER - The invention relates to a reformer (12-31-2009
20090081499ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION FOR HYDROGEN GENERATING APPARATUS AND HYDROGEN GENERATING APPARATUS COMPRISING THE SAME - The invention provides an electrolyte solution for hydrogen generating apparatus including water; at least one ionizing compound; and at least one cation exchange resin, as well as a hydrogen generating apparatus that includes the electrolyte solution. The electrolyte solution for hydrogen generating apparatus according to the invention can increase the time and amount of hydrogen generation by reducing an amount of metal hydroxide generation.03-26-2009
20090081498Catalyst reactor and fuel cell system comprising the same - Disclosed is a catalyst reactor capable of effectively applying to a fuel cell system using a metal hydride solution as a fuel. The catalyst reactor includes a catalyst matrix including a micro-channel through which a hydrogen storage solution flows. The catalyst matrix has an open surface. The catalyst reactor also includes a gas/liquid separator covering the open surface of the catalyst matrix, and a catalyst formed on an inner surface of the micro-channel to extract hydrogen from the hydrogen storage solution.03-26-2009
20080233441Multi-function solid oxide fuel cell bundle and method of making the same - A multi-function bundle having all of the basic support functions integrated therein can be used as a basic building block component, for example, in a fuel cell engine. The multi-function bundle is modular, easy to assemble, and able to withstand the physical and thermal shocks encountered in mobile applications. The multi-function bundle utilizes fully distributed fuel and oxidant supply systems which help to reduce temperature gradients throughout the array of fuel cells. The multi-function bundle may be comprised of a plurality of fuel cells, an oxidant supply system, a fuel supply system and a support structure which integrates the fuel cells, oxidant supply system, and fuel supply system into a single unit. The oxidant and fuel supply systems may be fully distributed. The fuel supply system may include one or more fuel feed tube assemblies which allow distributed internal fuel reformation and reduce temperature gradients throughout the array of fuel cells.09-25-2008
20100003558CONTROL FOR REFORMER, FUEL CELL AND BATTERY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN A STATIONARY POWER PLANT - A method of operating a power generating system including a fuel cell coupled to an electrical buffer, wherein the fuel cell is further coupled to a steam reformer, comprising adjusting operation of the reformer based on a voltage affected by the electrical buffer while maintaining a steam to carbon ratio of the reformer to control charging of the electrical buffer by the fuel cell.01-07-2010
20090253006MICRO FUEL CELL AND CORRESPONDING MICROREACTOR, SUPPLIED WITH HYDROGEN, FOR PRODUCING ELECTRIC ENERGY - A device for producing energy for portable applications including at least one micro fuel cell and a microreactor, having a reaction chamber including a catalyst, for producing hydrogen gas to be fed to the micro fuel cell. The microreactor includes at least one substrate of a composite material for making printed circuits micromachined with printed circuit technology suitable for making the reaction chamber and having a semipermeable membrane on top of it. The substrate and the membrane are connected to the micro fuel cell to make a single body through a single pressure assembly step.10-08-2009
20090246576REACTION DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT - Disclosed is a reaction device including: a reaction device body including a reaction section in which a reactant reacts; and a first container to house the reaction device body, wherein the first container includes a radiation transmitting region through which radiation from the reaction device body transmits.10-01-2009
20090246577FUEL CELL CABINET WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - A waste water management system for a fuel cell cabinet is provided. The waste water management system includes a sealed device that collects and manages the flow of the water from a fuel cell. The sealed device manages a flow of the water from the fuel cell to one of a container and an exterior of the fuel cell cabinet.10-01-2009
20090117424SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL AND REFORMER - There are provided an indirect internal reforming-type SOFC in which a reformer is heated by radiation heat from a SOFC, wherein the heat receiving area of a reformer can be easily made large and stable operation is possible without decreasing the efficiency, and a reformer suitable to the SOFC. The indirect internal reforming-type solid oxide fuel cell comprising a reformer capable of reforming kerosene and a solid oxide fuel cell which uses as a fuel a reformed gas obtained by the reformer is characterized in that the indirect internal reforming-type solid oxide fuel cell comprises a plurality of solid oxide fuel cell stacks; the reformer comprises a plurality of reaction tubes packed with a reforming catalyst capable of steam-reforming kerosene; and the reaction tubes are arranged in two rows with the tubes spaced from each other and form a staggered arrangement in a location interposed between the stacks. The reformer capable of reforming kerosene is characterized in that the reformer has a plurality of reaction tubes packed with a reforming catalyst; and the reaction tubes are arranged in two rows with the tubes spaced from each other and form a staggered arrangement.05-07-2009
20090117423FUEL CELL STACK FOR HYDROGEN FUEL POWER GENERATOR - A flexible fuel cell stack is also described that includes an anode electrode layer, an adhesive and anode gas diffusion layer coupled to the anode electrode layer, an ion exchange membrane coupled on a first side to the gas diffusion layer opposite the anode electrode layer, an adhesive and cathode gas diffusion layer coupled to a second side of the ion exchange membrane, and a cathode electrode layer coupled to the adhesive and cathode gas diffusion layer opposite the ion exchange membrane. The fuel cell stack may be incorporated into a power generator that includes a hydrogen producing fuel.05-07-2009
20090239110REFORMER FOR A FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The invention relates to a reformer for a fuel cell system for generating a reformate comprising a plurality of function units for treating the fuel, at least one function unit being adapted to a first type of fuel. In this arrangement the invention is characterized to advantage in that the function unit adapted to the first type of fuel can be releasably coupled to the reformer as a module by means of an interface which is also designed to couple a replacement function unit instead of the function unit adapted to the first type of fuel, the replacement function unit being adapted to a second type of fuel different from the first type of fuel. The invention relates furthermore to a function unit for such a reformer, to a fuel cell system having such a reformer and to a motor vehicle having such a fuel cell system.09-24-2009
20100062298FUEL CELL AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME - The present invention provides a fuel cell system including a first insulated enclosure enclosing a first interior space maintained at a temperature greater than ambient, a plurality of fuel cells maintained at an elevated temperature so as to maximize efficiency of an electrical current generating reaction, and a second insulated enclosure positioning within the first interior space and enclosing a second interior space. The second interior space can be maintained at a temperature greater than the first interior space and approximately equal to the elevated temperature of the stacks. The system can include non-superalloy metallic elements located in the first insulated enclosure. The temperature of the first interior space can be sufficiently low such that exposure of the non-superalloy metallic elements to one of an oxidizing gas stream and a reducing gas stream does not degrade the non-superalloy metallic elements.03-11-2010
20090258264Cartridge adsorber system for removing hydrogen sulfide from reformate - A system for removal of H10-15-2009
20100015479ASSEMBLY FOR PRODUCING A HYDROGENOUS GAS - An assembly for producing a hydrogenous gas has a reformation device with a fuel supply, a gas supply, and a catalytic converter. A vaporization unit is arranged upstream of the catalytic converter of the reformation device with respect to the gas flow and has a heating element arranged in a chamber for vaporizing a fuel. The vapor is guided into the gas flow and a preheating device for the fuel is arranged upstream of the chamber and configured as a heat exchanger.01-21-2010
20090117425Fuel Cell Assembly and Electricity Generation Unit Used in Same - A fuel cell assembly has a housing defining an electricity generation/combustion chamber, and electricity generation/combustion means disposed within the housing. A fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas are supplied to the electricity generation/combustion means, and a combustion gas formed within the electricity generation/combustion chamber is discharged from the electricity generation/combustion chamber. A heat exchanger having a first channel and a second channel is disposed on at least one surface of the housing, the combustion gas is discharged from the interior of the electricity generation/combustion chamber through the first channel of the heat exchanger, and one of the oxygen-containing gas and the fuel gas is supplied to the electricity generation/combustion means through the second channel of the heat exchanger. A plurality of electricity generation units are arranged in parallel within the housing, and each of the electricity generation units includes a cell stack constituting the electricity generation/combustion means.05-07-2009
20090017347PORTABLE GAS GENERATING DEVICE AND ELECTRICAL FUEL CELL POWER SUPPLY COMPRISING SUCH A DEVICE - Device for generating gas by placing a liquid reactant in contact with a solid element, comprising a liquid reactant tank (01-15-2009
20100136378FUEL REFORMER BURNER OF FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel reformer burner in which fuel gas and anode-off-gas (AOG) may be burned and backfire may be prevented during combustion of AOG includes a fuel supply portion, an anode-off-gas (AOG) supply portion; and a combustion air supply portion. The fuel supply portion and the AOG supply portion are arranged inside the combustion air supply portion, which is formed to extend beyond the discharge sides of the fuel supply portion and the AOG supply portion.06-03-2010
20080311448High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells - High temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells and techniques related thereto that involve alternative materials. For example, in one aspect, a device includes a high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell comprising one or more metal anodes or cathodes.12-18-2008
20090075134FUEL CELL - A fuel cell stack comprising a second metal separator set to have an external dimension larger than a first metal separators, wherein the second metal separator comprises, formed integrally, a first seal member in contact with the peripheral edge of a first electrolyte membrane/electrode structure, a second seal member in contact with the peripheral edge of the first metal separator, and a third seal member in contact with the peripheral edge of an adjoining fourth metal separator. Since the first seal member, the second seal member and the third seal member are integrally formed on one surface of the second separator or one surface of the first separator, a seal-forming step can be carried out at one effort, simply and economically. In addition, use of a triple seal structure containing the first through the third seal members can favorably improve the sealing feature of reaction gas and minimize reaction gas leakage.03-19-2009
20090075133ELECTRODE FOR FUEL CELL, MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR FUEL CELL, AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM INCLUDING SAME - Provided are an electrode and a membrane-electrode assembly for a fuel cell, and a fuel cell system including the same. The electrode for a fuel cell may include an electrode substrate and a catalyst layer disposed on one side of the electrode substrate. The electrode substrate may include a non-woven fabric or a woven fabric coated with an electrically conductive polymer. The electrode for a fuel cell may be configured for high-performance by promoting transfer of electrons, reactants and products.03-19-2009
20090075132Reactor cover and hydrogen generating apparatus and fuel cell power generation system having the same - A reactor cover, and a hydrogen generating apparatus and a fuel cell power generation system having the reactor cover are disclosed. The reactor cover includes a base panel; a control unit, which is coupled to one side of the base panel, and which regulates a reaction for generating the hydrogen; a circuit pattern buried in the base panel in electrical connection with the control unit; and an electrode pad formed on the other side of the base panel in electrical connection with the circuit pattern. In the reactor cover, the base panel and the control unit may be integrated, to eliminate unnecessary wiring, prevent short-circuiting, and consequently provide a reactor cover that can be fabricated and used more easily.03-19-2009
20090253005REFORMER FOR A FUEL CELL - A reformer (10-08-2009
20090110976FUEL TANK AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - A fuel cell system for generating electrical energy by a chemical reaction between a fuel and an oxidizing agent. In exemplary embodiments of the present invention, by using a hydrophobic porous membrane, an alkaline material such as sodium that is generated together with hydrogen gas in a hydrolysis reaction of a metal hydride compound can be eliminated effectively. Accordingly, the fuel cell system according to the exemplary embodiments of the present invention can stably generate electrical energy for a time longer than a conventional fuel cell system.04-30-2009
20090110975HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND FUEL CELL USING THE SAME - A hydrogen generator and a fuel cell using the same includes: a first container containing an aqueous solution of alkaline metal carbonate or bicarbonate; a second container containing a metal hydride; and a supply unit disposed between the first container and the second container. The hydrogen generator has a high hydrogen generating rate, can provide a fuel cell with a high energy density, and the amount of hydrogen generated thereby is easy to control.04-30-2009
20090130507Hydrogen Generating Fuel Cell Cartridges - A gas-generating apparatus includes a reaction chamber having a first reactant, a reservoir having an optional second reactant, and a self-regulated flow control device. The self-regulated flow control device stops the flow of reactant from the reservoir to the reaction chamber when the pressure of the reaction chamber reaches a predetermined level. Methods of operating the gas-generated apparatus and the self-regulated flow control device, including the cycling of a shut-off valve of the gas-generated apparatus and the cycling of the self-regulated flow control device are also described.05-21-2009
20090068510FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system includes a raw fuel supply channel. A raw fuel supply apparatus, a desulfurizer, and a flow rate meter are provided in the raw fuel supply channel such that the desulfurizer is provided downstream of the raw fuel supply apparatus, and the flow rate meter is provided downstream of the desulfurizer. The raw fuel supply channel includes a first channel area provided upstream of the raw fuel supply apparatus, a second channel area provided downstream of the raw fuel supply apparatus, and upstream of the flow rate meter, a bypass channel having both ends connected to the first channel area and the second channel area, and an open/close valve for opening and closing the bypass channel based on the pressure in the first channel area and the pressure in the second channel area.03-12-2009
20090035627Method for gas storage, transport, and energy generation - The invention provides semi-clathrate hydrate compositions formed from water, a semi-clathrate hydrate forming compound and a gas. The semi-clathrate hydrate forming compounds can be ammonium salts, sulphonium salts, phosphonium salts or amines. The semi-clathrate hydrate compositions can be used to store gases including hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide. Methods of manufacture of the compositions and their uses in energy storage and generation, and for the separation of gases are also described.02-05-2009
20090035626Portable hydrogen gas generator - A portable hydrogen gas generator primarily comprises a body containing a hollow reaction chamber. The reaction chamber has a material inlet and a gas outlet, wherein the material inlet allows a reaction solution and a metal material to be filled into the reaction chamber so as to perform chemical reaction therebetween. The hydrogen gas generator further comprises a gas-pressure detecting unit for detecting the status of the gas pressure in the reaction chamber, a reaction solution detecting unit for detecting the status of the reaction solution in the reaction chamber; and a gas-dispatching unit for exporting hydrogen gas in the reaction chamber to an external apparatus that consumes hydrogen gas for operation, such as a fuel cell.02-05-2009
20090035625HYDROGEN FUEL CELL WITH INTEGRATED REFORMER - A unit for generating an electrical current includes an electrolysis cell and a hydrogen fuel cell having a common mid-electrode. This mid-electrode is hydrophobic and separates a PEM electrolyte in the fuel cell from an electrolyte mixture of water and a carbon compound in the electrolysis cell. Electrolysis of the water produces hydrogen at the mid-electrode and carbon dioxide at the anode of the unit. The hydrogen diffuses into the hydrogen fuel cell through the mid-electrode but it prevents the water mixture in the electrolysis cell from contacting the PEM electrolyte in the fuel cell. Oxygen is provided to react with hydrogen protons at the cathode of the fuel cell to produce water. An external circuit is provided between the respective unit anode at the electrolysis cell and the unit cathode at the fuel cell for carrying the electrical current generated by the unit.02-05-2009
20090035624Fuel gas generation supply equipment - A device for generating a gas by causing a reactive fluid to come into gas producing contact with a reactive particulate material The device includes a first storage body for containing a reactive fluid and a second storage body for containing a reactive particulate material. A conduit is provided for directing a flow of reactive fluid from the first body and into the second body. A reverse flow prevention valve is connected to the conduit to prevent back flow of produced gas from the second storage body and into the first storage body. A fuel supply opening is provided on the second storage body and a fluid introduction inlet is provided on the first storage body. A fluid diffuser is located in the second storage body for diffusing fluid in said particulate material. Also included is an opening and closing valve arrangement located adjacent an outlet of the conduit and having an external operator.02-05-2009
20100040919Fuel cell hydrocarbon reformer having rapid transient response and convective cooling - A catalytic hydrocarbon reformer comprising a catalyst concentrically disposed within a reformer tube surrounded by an annular flow space for air entering a fuel-air mixing zone ahead of the catalyst. The catalyst is sustained by minimal insulative mounting material so that most of the side of the catalyst is exposed for radial radiative heat transfer to the reformer tube for cooling by air in the annular flow space. The forward portion of the mounting material preferably is formed of a thermally-conductive material to provide radial conductive cooling of the entry of the catalyst to prevent overheating during catalysis. The incoming air flow is protected from heat exchange with hot reformate exiting the catalyst, allowing for convective cooling of the catalyst side and greater cooling of the catalyst face, thus increasing the working life of the catalyst while providing for rapid startup of the reformer and associated fuel cell system.02-18-2010
20100062297INSULATING DEVICE AND TENSIONING DEVICE FOR A HIGH TEMPERATURE FUEL CELL SYSTEM COMPONENT - The invention relates to a device comprising a thermally insulating receptacle and, arranged in the receptacle, at least one high-temperature fuel cell system component enclosed by at least one insulating layer of a first material, a clamping means acting on the insulating layer. In accordance with the invention it is provided for that the clamping means comprises, supported by a receptacle housing and acting on the insulating layer, one or more plate-shaped elements made of a second material which is elastically deformable at a contact pressure, at which the first material is not deformable.03-11-2010
20100062296Method and device for ammonia storage and delivery using in situ re-saturation of a delivery unit - Disclosed is a method for storing and delivering ammonia, wherein a first ammonia adsorbing/absorbing material having a higher vapor pressure at a given temperature than a second ammonia adsorbing/absorbing material is used as an ammonia source for said second ammonia adsorbing/absorbing material when said second adsorbing/absorbing material is depleted of ammonia by consumption, and a device for performing the method.03-11-2010
20100015481FUEL CELL AND FUEL CELL MODULE - Separators of a fuel cell include sandwiching sections which sandwich electrolyte electrode assemblies and have fuel gas channels, first bridges each having a fuel gas supply channel, and a fuel gas supply unit. A fuel gas supply passage extends through the fuel gas supply unit in a stacking direction. Further, the separators include second bridges each having an exhaust fuel gas channel for discharging the fuel gas after consumption in the electrolyte electrode assemblies as an exhaust fuel gas, and an exhaust fuel gas discharge unit having an exhaust fuel gas passage or allowing the exhaust fuel gas to flow in the stacking direction. The exhaust fuel gas discharge unit is connected to the fuel gas channel through the fuel gas supply passage.01-21-2010
20100015480HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A hydrogen generator according to the invention comprises: a combustion gas passage (01-21-2010
20100062295Fuel cell system and air supply method thereof - A stable air supply system in a fuel cell system produces heat and electricity by combining hydrogen modified from a major raw material selected from various hydrogen compounds, with oxygen existing in air. An air supply device and an air supply method in a fuel cell system, automate a lamda control, and achieve a fuel cell system operation efficiently and stably coping with pressure loss and pulsation occurring within the system, while using a minimum number of balance-of-plant (BOP) units. A method efficiently and precisely supplies air during the start-up and operation of the fuel cell system, while preventing flame failure of a burner and maintaining an appropriate carbon monoxide concentration even when an abrupt flow rate variation occurs. In this regard, an operating method is economical and stable in terms of the costs and configuration of the fuel cell system.03-11-2010
20100062294HYGROGEN GENERATOR AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A hydrogen generator (03-11-2010
20100055520SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL TUBE WITH INTERNAL FUEL PROCESSING - A solid oxide fuel cell comprises a tube forming an anode, electrolyte and cathode, and a catalytic substrate is positioned within the tube. Such solid oxide fuel cells are highly compact and lightweight, and can be used in portable applications.03-04-2010
20090214907SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL - A stack of disc-type fuel cells and disc-type separators stacked alternately is housed in a casing. A fuel supply part extends through the central part of the upper wall of the casing to supply fuel to the central part of the stack. An air supply part extends through the central part of the lower wall of the casing to supply air to the central part of the stack. A fuel discharge part extends through the central part of the lower wall of the casing to discharge fuel after power generation. An exhaust discharge part extends through the peripheral part of the lower wall of the casing to discharge an exhaust gas resulting from the combustion of mixture of the fuel after power generation and air, and a recirculation part for mixing the fuel after power generation discharged from the fuel discharge part with newly-supplied fuel.08-27-2009
20100081021FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A fuel cell system of the present invention includes: a hydrogen generator (04-01-2010
20090317673Current collector, fuel cell stack, and fuel cell power generation system - A current collector, a method of manufacturing the current collector, a fuel cell stack, and a fuel cell power generation system are disclosed. The current collector for collecting an electric current generated in a fuel cell can include: a substrate; a collector pattern, which contains a conductive material, formed on one side of the substrate; and a corrosion-resistant metal layer, which is coated over all of the surfaces of the collector pattern, including the surface facing the substrate. This current collector can be utilized to prevent corrosion during the operation of the fuel cell, as well as to increase the life span of the fuel cell, without forming the entire configuration with an expensive corrosion-resistant metal.12-24-2009
20090317674FUEL CELL SYSTEM - The fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell stack which is supplied with reaction gas, and performs electricity generation; a reaction gas supplier which supplies the reaction gas to the fuel cell stack; a ground fault detector which detects a ground fault from the fuel cell stack; and a reaction gas increasing member which increases an amount of a reaction gas supply to the fuel cell stack, when the ground fault is detected by the ground fault detector.12-24-2009
20090317671HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - A hydrogen generator (12-24-2009
20080274385Fuel Cells - This invention concerns a redox fuel cell comprising an anode and a cathode separated by an ion selective polymer electrolyte-membrane, preferably a bi-membrane, the cathode comprising a cathodic material and a proton-conducting polymeric material; means for supplying a fuel to the anode region of the cell; means for supplying an oxidant to the cathode region of the cell; means for providing an electrical circuit between the anode and the cathode; a non-volatile redox couple in solution in flowing fluid communication with the cathode, the redox couple being at least partially reduced at the cathode in operation of the cell, and at least partially re-generated by reaction with the oxidant after such reduction at the cathode.11-06-2008
20090029206ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION FOR HYDROGEN GENERATING APPARATUS AND HYDROGEN GENERATING APPARATUS COMPRISING THE SAME - One aspect of the invention provides an electrolyte solution for a hydrogen generating apparatus that includes water, at least one metal borohydride, at least one ionic compound, and at least one chelating agent, as well as a hydrogen generating apparatus that includes the electrolyte solution. With an electrolyte solution for a hydrogen generating apparatus based on an embodiment of the invention, it is possible to regulate the rate at which the hydrogen is generated and increase the amount and time of hydrogen generation.01-29-2009
20080213639High Temperature Fuel Cell With Mixed Anionic and Protonic Conduction - This invention concerns a high temperature fuel cell with mixed anionic and protonic conduction having a protonic conduction reforming membrane directly coupled to a solid oxide fuel cell with conduction by oxygen ions, enabling use of a gradually reforming anode generating carbon deposits to be avoided. The reverse operation of the present invention outside the reforming stage forms a high water temperature electrolyser to produce hydrogen efficiently without having to separate it from water as is the case with current systems.09-04-2008
20080213638ENGINE BLOCK FOR USE IN A FUEL CELL SYSTEM - In one embodiment, an engine block may comprise an interconnect having: a first manifold section, a second manifold section perpendicular to the first manifold section, the first manifold section and the second manifold section having a plurality of conduits to receive a gas flow, wherein the first manifold section and the second manifold section are formed from a single manifold device; a fuel cell stack housing coupled to the second manifold section to receive a fuel cell stack; and a fuel processor coupled to the first manifold section, wherein the fuel cell processor and the fuel cell stack operate at substantially the same temperature.09-04-2008
20100068573HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM - A hydrogen generator (03-18-2010
20090202875REACTION DEVICE, AND FUEL CELL DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS USING THE REACTION DEVICE - Disclosed is a reaction device including: a reactor, a heat insulating container housing the reactor, a pipe penetrating a wall of the insulating container to connect the reactor to an outside of the insulating container, wherein the wall of the heat insulating container includes at least two regions each having a different infrared absorptivity, and the region of the wall of higher infrared absorptivity is disposed on the same plane of the wall where the pipe penetrates. Also disclosed are a fuel cell device and an electronic apparatus using the reaction device.08-13-2009
20090202874HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MEMBRANES, COMPONENTS AND FUEL PROCESSING SYSTEMS CONTAINING THE SAME - Hydrogen-producing fuel processing systems, hydrogen purification membranes, hydrogen purification devices, and fuel processing and fuel cell systems that include hydrogen purification devices. In some embodiments, the fuel processing systems and the hydrogen purification membranes include a metal membrane, which is at least substantially comprised of palladium or a palladium alloy. In some embodiments, the membrane contains trace amounts of carbon, silicon, and/or oxygen. In some embodiments, the membranes form part of a hydrogen purification device that includes an enclosure containing a separation assembly, which is adapted to receive a mixed gas stream containing hydrogen gas and to produce a stream that contains pure or at least substantially pure hydrogen gas therefrom. In some embodiments, the membrane(s) and/or purification device forms a portion of a fuel processor, and in some embodiments, the membrane(s) and/or purification device forms a portion of a fuel processing or fuel cell system.08-13-2009
20100028737SPIRAL MICROREFORMER ASSEMBLY - A design for a microchannel steam microreformer has been developed to provide power in conjunction with a micro fuel cell for a portable, low-power device. The design is optimized for low pumping power and rapid operation as well as thermal efficiency, overall size, and complete generation of the available hydrogen. The design includes at least one microchannel having a grooved surface with a continuous groove oriented in a spiral configuration.02-04-2010
20100021780System for Storing Ammonia In and Releasing Ammonia from a Stroage Material and Method for Storing and Releasing Ammonia - A system for storing ammonia in and releasing ammonia from a storage material capable of binding and releasing ammonia reversibly by adsorption or absorption for a process with a gradual ammonia demand that can vary over the time. The system has a container capable of housing the ammonia-containing storage material; a heating source arranged to supply heat for the desorption of ammonia from the solid storage medium; and a controller arranged to control the heating source to release ammonia. The heating source is arranged inside the container and surrounded by ammonia storage material. A controllable dosing valve is arranged to dose released ammonia according to the ammonia demand. The controller comprises a feed-forward control arranged to control the heat supplied by the heating source, based on the ammonia demand.01-28-2010
20100021779SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL SYSTEM INTEGRATED WITH REFORMER - The present invention relates to a solid oxide fuel cell, in which an external reformer is integrated with a solid oxide fuel cell stack, thereby efficiently controlling heat and simplifying a system structure thereof.01-28-2010
20090280367Extraction of Energy From Used Cooking Oil - The extraction of energy from used cooking oil is disclosed. In one embodiment, used cooking oil is admitted from a cooking appliance to an interface, and then to a reactor or a series of reactors where it is reformed into a hydrogen-containing, reformed fuel. The hydrogen-containing, reformed fuel is then admitted to a fuel cell which produces electricity.11-12-2009
20100159297HYDROCARBON REFORMING CATALYST, METHOD OF PREPARING THE HYDROCARBON REFORMING CATALYST, AND FUEL CELL EMPLOYING THE HYDROCARBON REFORMING CATALYST - A hydrocarbon reforming catalyst, a method of preparing the hydrocarbon reforming catalyst, and a fuel cell including the hydrocarbon reforming catalyst. The hydrocarbon reforming catalyst includes a nickel active catalyst layer loaded on an oxide carrier, and a metal oxide.06-24-2010
20090130506Apparatus for generating hydrogen and fuel cell power generation system having the same - An apparatus for generating hydrogen and a fuel cell power generation system equipped with the apparatus are disclosed. The apparatus can include an electrolyte bath containing the electrolyte solution, an anode positioned inside the electrolyte bath and configured to generate electrons, a cathode positioned inside the electrolyte bath and configured to receive the electrons from the anode to generate hydrogen, and a supplementary device configured to increase an amount of the hydrogen generated. The apparatus can be utilized to increase the amount of hydrogen generation at initial operation and reduce the time required to reach steady state.05-21-2009
20080311446FUEL PROCESSOR HAVING TEMPERATURE CONTROL FUNCTION FOR CO SHIFT REACTOR AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE FUEL PROCESSOR - A fuel processor includes a reformer that generates hydrogen gas by reacting a fuel source and water; a burner that heats the reformer to a temperature suitable for a hydrogen generation reaction; a CO shift reactor that removes CO generated during the hydrogen generation reaction in the reformer; a heating element for heating the CO shift reactor; and a cooling element for cooling the CO shift reactor, wherein the cooling element comprises at least one of a cooling water flow line for heat exchange with the CO shift reactor when cooling water flows through the cooling water flow line and a cooling gas flow line for heat exchange with the CO shift reactor when a cooling gas, which is a burner exhaust gas that has heat exchanged with cooling water, flows through the cooling gas flow line. When the fuel processor is operated, a stable CO removal performance can be maintained since the temperature of the CO shift reactor can be actively controlled.12-18-2008
20100047640FUEL SOURCE FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - Embodiments of the invention relate to a fuel source including a chemical hydride and at least one reactive metal source selected from the group consisting of a reactive metal, a reactive metalloid and a combination thereof.02-25-2010
20090035623Functional product, treatment device of functional substance, applied device of functional product and mounting method of functional product - The present invention relates to a production and a usage of a functional substance of a fine powder of nanometer size, and to an improved treatment device of the functional substance and an improved applied device of a functional product, further, to a weight reduction of a device using the functional substance and a production cost reduction.02-05-2009
20090136802SOLID POLYMER FUEL CELL - A solid polymer fuel cell includes: a membrane and electrode assembly in which a solid polymer electrolyte membrane is sandwiched between a fuel electrode and an oxidant electrode; an oxidant channel which is formed on an oxidant electrode side of the membrane and electrode assembly, and supplies oxidant to the oxidant electrode; and a water-repellent membrane which is formed between the oxidant electrode and the oxidant channel, and has a vapor permeation property. Thus, the solid polymer fuel cell is provided in which the disturbance of the oxidant gas supply that is caused by the deposition and contact of the droplet can be suppressed.05-28-2009
20080254327Reformer - A reformer (10-16-2008
20090011297Metal composite electrode for a hydrogen generating apparatus - A metal composite electrode for a hydrogen generating apparatus and a hydrogen generating apparatus including the metal composite electrode are disclosed, where the metal composite electrode includes a metal and a metal hydride. The metal composite electrode used in a hydrogen generating apparatus can be utilized to increase the amount and duration of hydrogen generation.01-08-2009
20080213640Closed Loop Electrical Energy Source - This claim uses current water to hydrogen conversion technology. By connecting the hydrogen converter to a water reservoir, a hydrogen fuel cell, and a water pump in a well-designed container a closed loop energy source can be created.09-04-2008

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