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Voids specified as micro

Subclass of:

428 - Stock material or miscellaneous articles

428221000 - WEB OR SHEET CONTAINING STRUCTURALLY DEFINED ELEMENT OR COMPONENT

428304400 - Composite having voids in a component (e.g., porous, cellular, etc.)

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
428315700 Specified thickness of void-containing component (absolute or relative) or numerical cell dimension 26
428315900 Composite has more than two layers 21
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20100124652Carbon dioxide blown low density, flexible microcellular polyurethane elastomers - Microcellular polyurethane flexible foams having densities no greater than 0.3 g/cc which are suitable for use as lightweight shoe sole components are produced with carbon dioxide in an amount such that the polyurethane-forming mixture has a free rise density of from about 0.03 to about 0.3 g/cc. At least a portion of that carbon dioxide is dissolved as a gas into one or both of the reaction components. The amount of dissolved carbon dioxide must be such that the froth density of the isocyanate and/or isocyanate-reactive component(s) in which the carbon dioxide is dissolved will be from about 0.1 to about 0.8 g/cc. Additional carbon dioxide may be formed by the reaction of water and isocyanate during the polyurethane-forming reaction but the total amount of CO05-20-2010
20090191398MEMBRANES COMPRISING HYDROPHILIC COATINGS - The present invention provides a membrane useful for water purification comprising a porous base membrane and a hydrophilic coating disposed on the porous base membrane. The hydrophilic coating comprises structural units derived from a hydrophilic polymer and structural units derived from a first electron beam reactive group, and structural units derived from a second electron beam reactive group. The hydrophilic polymer has a number average molecular weight of greater than 2500 Daltons and comprises at least two electron beam reactive groups having different structures. The hydrophilic coating is covalently bound to the porous base membrane through structural units derived from the electron beam reactive groups. Also disclosed are processes for forming and employing the membrane.07-30-2009
20110195243WATERPROOF VAPOR-PERMEABLE MULTILAYER ARTICLE - A waterproof vapor-permeable multilayer article, comprising at least one first layer made of a material that is vapor-permeable and microporous and is at least partially hygroscopic or can assume hygroscopic characteristics over time, and at least one second layer that is waterproof and vapor-permeable.08-11-2011
20100075130Controlled fabrication of hierarchically branched nanopores, nanotubes, and nanowires - A branched nanostructure, includes at least one of (a) a stem and at least two levels of branches; or (b) a stem connected to three of more branches; or (c) a nanowire nanostructure comprising a stem and two or more branches; or (d) a stem connected to two or more branches, where the stem and the branches comprise a different material composition or structure.03-25-2010
20090169861POROUS MATERIALS EMBEDDED WITH NANOSPECIES, METHODS OF FABRICATION THEREOF, AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF - Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include structures, methods of forming the structures, and methods of using the structures. One exemplary structure, among others, includes a nanospecies and a porous material. The nanospecies has a first characteristic and a second detectable characteristic. In addition, a second detectable energy is produced corresponding to the second detectable characteristic upon exposure to a first energy. The porous material has the first characteristic and a plurality of pores. The first characteristic causes the nanospecies to interact with the porous material and become disposed in the pores of the porous material.07-02-2009
20100104852Fabrication of High-Throughput Nano-Imprint Lithography Templates - An imprint lithography template includes a porous material defining a multiplicity of pores with an average pore size of at least about 0.4 nm. The porous material includes silicon and oxygen, and a ratio of Young's modulus (E) to relative density of the porous material with respect to fused silica (p04-29-2010
20100104851OPTICAL FILM AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - A low reflective, anti-static and anti-fouling optical film, and a forming method thereof are disclosed. The forming method includes mixing an alkoxy silane, a fluoride-modified alkoxy silane, a conductive material and a pores formation agent to form a coating composition. Subsequently, the coating composition is solidified to form an optical film. The optical film includes a silicon oxide compound with fluorine element, the conductive material mixed therein, and a plurality of three-dimensional mesoporous. Therefore, the optical film of the present invention can simultaneously provide a low reflection, an anti-static effect and an anti-fouling effect.04-29-2010
20110059310METHOD FOR PRODUCING A 3-DIMENSIONAL MOLDED BODY COMPRISING POLYMER-CONTAINING MATERIAL AND A METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN ADHESIVE BOND BETWEEN A POLYMER-CONTAINING MATERIAL AND A THREE-DIMENSIONAL MOLDED BODY - A three-dimensional molded body, a method for producing a three-dimensional molded body and a method for producing an adhesive bond between a polymer-containing material and a molded body having an inorganic porous framework structure in at least partial areas are described. In all cases the porous structure of the molded body comprising inorganic material is brought in contact with a polymer-containing material which is heated until the heated material enters into a joint connection with the molded body based on adhesive interactions, interfacial interactions, electrostatic interactions or any combination thereof, in which the pore-like voids of the porous structure are filled completely with the polymer-containing material, which stabilizes the molded body so that it has dimensional stability after cooling.03-10-2011
20130065042Micro-Vascular Materials And Composites For Forming The Materials - A microvascular system includes a solid polymeric matrix and a woven structure in the matrix. The woven structure includes a plurality of fibers, and a plurality of microfluidic channels, where at least a portion of the microfluidic channels are interconnected. The microvascular system may be made by forming a composite that includes a solid polymeric matrix and a plurality of sacrificial fibers in the matrix, heating the composite to a temperature of from 100 to 250° C., maintaining the composite at a temperature of from 100 to 250° C. for a time sufficient to form degradants from the sacrificial fibers, and removing the degradants from the composite. The sacrificial fibers may include a polymeric fiber matrix including a poly(hydroxyalkanoate) and a metal selected from the group consisting of an alkali earth metal and a transition metal, in the fiber matrix, where the concentration of the metal in the fiber matrix is at least 0.1 wt %.03-14-2013
20110020631Coated Carbon Foam Article - A carbon foam article useful for, inter alia, composite tooling or other high temperature applications, which includes a carbon foam substrate, an intermediate material on a surface of the carbon foam substrate, and a tool facing material on an outer surface of the article such that the intermediate material is positioned between the tool facing material and the carbon foam substrate.01-27-2011
20090233081ZIRCONIA-CARBON-CONTAINING REFRACTORY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - A zirconia-carbon-containing refractory includes aggregate grains, a carbon bond formed between the aggregate grains, 80% by mass or more of a ZrO09-17-2009
20090324928Forming ultra low dielectric constant porous dielectric films and structures formed thereby - Methods of forming a microelectronic structure are described. Embodiments of those methods include removing a portion of at least one of Si—C bonds and CHx bonds in a dielectric material comprising a porogen material by reaction with a wet chemical, wherein the portion of Si—C and CHx bonds are converted to Si—H bonds. The Si—H bonds may be further hydrolyzed to form SiOH linkages. The SiOH linkages may then be removed by a radiation based cure, wherein a portion of the porogen material is also removed.12-31-2009
20120237757Methods for Forming a Permeable and Stable Mass in a Subterranean Formation - Open-celled, porous polymer masses located in a subterranean formation formed from a water-in-oil emulsion stabilized with inorganic particles. The mass having one or more of the following properties: a gas permeability greater than about 500 millidarcies; or a plurality of pore throats connecting a plurality of pores spaces therein, the pore throats having an average diameter of at least about 25 microns. In some cases the emulsion comprises: a plurality of inorganic particulates; an internal aqueous phase in an amount of at least about 50% by volume of the emulsion; and a continuous organic phase comprising at least one polymerizable monomer and at least one surface active agent in an amount of up to about 10% by volume of the organic phase.09-20-2012
20110281102METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING POROUS MICROSTRUCTURES, POROUS MICROSTRUCTURES MANUFACTURED ACCORDING TO THIS METHOD, AND THE USE THEREOF - A method for manufacturing porous microstructures in a silicon semiconductor substrate, porous microstructures manufactured according to this method, and the use thereof.11-17-2011
20090117367ARTICLE AND ASSOCIATED METHOD - An article includes a membrane having pores and a selectively permeable coating supported by the membrane. The selectively permeable coating includes a hydroxyalkyl-substituted polyalkyleneimine in an amount that is sufficient to chemically react with a chembio agent to reduce the biological activity of the chembio agent or increase an amount of time for a significant amount of unreacted biologically active chembio agent to pass through the article. An associated method is also provided.05-07-2009
20090029144Light Transmissive Foamed Polymer Sheet and Methods for Making the Same - In some embodiments, a foamed polymer sheet comprises: a polymeric material and cells located in the polymeric material. The cells have a size distribution, D01-29-2009
20110268959POROUS MEMBRANE - A membrane including a sheet of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene. The sheet is porous and has a gas permeability of at least 0.2 CFM according to ASTM D737 testing. The gas permeability of the membrane changes by less than 30% when the membrane is exposed to a temperature of 180° C. for a time of one hour. The sheet also has an average Mullen Hydrostatic Entry pressure of at least 135 psi according to ASTM D751 testing. The average Mullen Hydrostatic Entry pressure is substantially unchanged after exposure to a temperature of 180° C. for a time of one hour. The membrane has a bubble point value that changes by less than 20% when the membrane is exposed to a temperature of 180° C. for a time of one hour.11-03-2011
20090297823ULTRA LOW K (ULK) SiCOH FILM AND METHOD - The present invention provides a multiphase, ultra low k film which exhibits improved elastic modulus and hardness as well as various methods for forming the same. The multiphase, ultra low k dielectric film includes atoms of Si, C, O and H, has a dielectric constant of about 2.4 or less, nanosized pores or voids, an elastic modulus of about 5 or greater and a hardness of about 0.7 or greater. A preferred multiphase, ultra low k dielectric film includes atoms of Si, C, O and H, has a dielectric constant of about 2.2 or less, nanosized pores or voids, an elastic modulus of about 3 or greater and a hardness of about 0.3 or greater. The multiphase, ultra low k film is prepared by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition in which one of the following alternatives is utilized: at least one precursor gas comprising siloxane molecules containing at least three Si—O bonds; or at least one precursor gas comprising molecules containing reactive groups that are sensitive to e-beam radiation. Electronic structures including the multiphase, ultra low k film are also disclosed.12-03-2009
20090286065METHOD FOR GENERATING SUPRAMOLECULAR ROTARY DEVICES AND SUPRAMOLECULAR ROTARY SWITCH - A method for generating a porous network of supra-molecular devices includes the steps of: a) providing self-organizing molecules comprising connecting bonds and side-groups; b) generating a two-dimensional layer of the molecules on an unstructured surface, wherein self-organizing leads to an at least partially regular network of cells, each cell comprising a number of said self-organizing molecules and each cell offering a functional center; and c) further depositing a predefined amount of said self-organizing molecules and/or of other functional molecules on said two-dimensional layer, wherein these further deposited molecules accommodating in said functional centers of said cells, one or more of said further deposited molecules per cell, wherein said further deposited molecule comprises a multi-stable architecture together with the cell hosting the further deposited molecule. This method provides a rotary switch that offers on a large scale a bottom-up self assembly of the self-organizing molecules that result in a nanoporous network with single supra-molecular switches that can be addressed individually and switched by changing its orientation. Such rotary switch is at low cost a very flexible and powerful nanodevice that can be largely used in molecular electronic applications, such as for the purpose of storing information.11-19-2009
20100136319METHOD FOR FORMING MESOPOROUS SILICA LAYER, ITS POROUS COATING, ANTI-REFLECTION COATING, AND OPTICAL MEMBER - A method for forming a mesoporous silica layer composed of nanometer-sized, mesoporous silica particles on an optical substrate or a dense layer formed thereon, comprising the steps of (1) hydrolyzing and polycondensing alkoxysilane in a solvent containing a catalyst, a cationic surfactant and a nonionic surfactant to prepare composites comprising nanometer-sized, mesoporous silica particles and these surfactants, (2) applying a solution containing the composites to the substrate or the dense layer, (3) drying the solution to remove the solvent, and (4) removing both surfactants by baking the resultant coating at 120-250° C. in an oxygen-containing gas atmosphere, or plasma-treating it using an oxygen-containing gas.06-03-2010
20090142576Filter and method for making the same - A filter includes a carbon nanotube film. The carbon nanotube film includes a plurality of linear carbon nanotubes, the linear carbon nanotubes being entangled with each other to form a number of micropores, wherein the diameters of the micropores are less than 10 nanometers. The method for making the filter includes the following steps: (a) providing a carbon nanotube array formed on a substrate; (b) removing the carbon nanotube array from the substrate to obtain a raw material of carbon nanotubes; (c) adding the raw material of carbon nanotubes into a solvent to obtain a flocculent structure; and (d) separating the flocculent structure from the solvent and shaping the flocculent structure to obtain a filter.06-04-2009
20080261017Hollow Fiber Membrane and Preparing Method Thereof - The present invention relates to a polyvinylidene difluoride hollow fiber membrane and a method of preparing the same, and more particularly, to an improved polyvinylidene difluoride hollow fiber membrane and a preparation method thereof, in which a spinning solution consisting of polyvinylidene fluoride, alcohol dendrimer and organic solvent is prepared, and then is subjected to solidification by a wet-phase transition process, cleaning and drying, in which alcohol dendrimer that is an organic material as a pore former is introduced, allowing uniform disperse of alcohol dendrimer in polyvinylidene difluoride to form pores, with each having a high dispersion ability and a uniform size, and in which an excellent adhesion durability is imparted, owing to the use of a single material of polyvinylidene difluoride, unlike the conventional hollow fiber membrane preparation method in which pores are formed using existing inorganic particles.10-23-2008
20090246504Polishing Pad With Controlled Void Formation - A chemical-mechanical planarization polishing pad is provided comprising a network of elements dispersed within a polymer, a plurality of voids formed in the pad and at least a portion of said network of elements is connected to at least a portion of the voids. A method of forming the pad is also disclosed, which comprises providing a composition, the composition comprising a network of elements and at least one of a polymer or a reactive prepolymer, introducing a gas to the composition and using the gas to produce a plurality of voids in the composition. A method of forming voids is also disclosed, which relies upon the application of a force to the network of elements within the polymer or reactive polymer, followed by removal of the force and void formation.10-01-2009
20100189992METHOD FOR PRODUCING PRODUCT HAVING NANOPOROUS SURFACE - The present invention provides a method for producing a product having a nanoporous surface in which the pore density, pore size or pore size distribution can be easily and readily controlled. The invention provides a method for producing a product having a nanoporous surface including: forming a material in which a plurality of nanoparticles is dispersed in a matrix; and selectively removing the nanoparticles from the material in which a plurality of nanoparticles is dispersed in a matrix.07-29-2010
20100189991MACROPOROUS CARBON NANOFOAM COMPOSITES AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME - A method is disclosed to fabricate carbon foams comprising a bicontinuous network of disordered or irregular macropores that are three-dimensionally interconnected via nanoscopic carbon walls. The method accounts for (1) the importance of wetting (i.e., matching the surface energies of fiber to sol) and (2) the viscosity of the microheterogeneous fluid filling the voids in the carbon paper. Carbon fiber papers are mildly oxidized by plasma etching, which greatly enhances the uniform uptake of resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) mixtures. The RF solutions are oligomerized prior to infiltration and are cured into continuous polymeric webs that hang supported between adjacent carbon fibers; the polymer-fiber composites are pyrolyzed and retain a sponge-like morphology with 10-1000-nm pores and integrated electronic pathways07-29-2010
20080206546Regularly Arrayed Nanostructured Material - A nanostructured material regularly arrayed over a large area comprising regularly arrayed domain structures formed on a substrate and having therein regularly arrayed pores with a size of 2 to 200 nm and nanoparticles incorporated into the pores.08-28-2008
20100255287LABEL FILM FOR DEEP DRAWING METHODS - The invention relates to the use of a bixailly oriented film having a porous layer, which contains propylene polymer and at least one β-nucleating agent and whose microporosity is generated by converting β-crystalline polypropylene during stretching of the film, for labeling containers during a drawing process.10-07-2010
20100227151POLYURETHANE FOAM - A method of making a polyurethane foam from a mixture of isocyanate modified polyol and foam-forming ingredients, wherein the isocyanate modified polyol is made by reacting at least one polyol with at least one multifunctional isocyanate, wherein the isocyanate modified polyol is a non-foamed polyol polymer having available OH groups, wherein the foam forming ingredients comprise at least a multifunctional isocyanate and a foaming agent, preferably water, and characterised in that (i) the at least one polyol from which the isocyanate modified polyol is made comprises at least one lipid-based polyol which has undergone reaction with the isocyanate in the presence of a PU gelation catalyst, and/or (ii) the isocyanate modified polyol is mixed with a lipid-based polyol prior to, or at the same time as, foaming.09-09-2010
20100209693HYDROPHILIC POROUS SUBSTRATES - Hydrophilic porous substrates, methods of making hydrophilic porous substrates from hydrophobic polymers are disclosed.08-19-2010
20100221522Microporous Membranes Having a Relatively Large Average Pore Size and the Methods of Making the Same - Microporous membranes having a relatively large average pore size, methods of making microporous membranes having a relatively large average pore size, and methods of using microporous membranes having a relatively large average pore size are disclosed.09-02-2010
20100143697ELASTIC PARTICLE FOAM BASED ON POLYOLEFIN/STYRENE POLYMER MIXTURES - Thermoplastic particle foams which have cells having a mean cell size in the range from 20 to 500 μm and in which the cell membranes have a nanocellular or fibrous structure having pore or fiber diameters below 1500 nm, and also processes for producing them.06-10-2010
20100261001NANOSTRUCTURED THIN-FILM FORMED BY UTILIZING OBLIQUE-ANGLE DEPOSITION AND METHOD OF THE SAME - The present invention discloses a transparent conductive nanostructured thin-film by oblique-angle deposition and method of the same. An electron beam system is utilized to evaporate the target source. Evaporation substrate is disposed on a plurality of adjustable sample stage. Multiple gas control valve and heat source is provided to control the gas flow and temperature within the process chamber. An annealing process is performed after the evaporation to improve the thin-film structure and optoelectronic properties.10-14-2010
20120202044MICROPOROUS MEMBRANES, METHODS FOR MAKING SUCH MEMBRANES, AND THE USE OF SUCH MEMBRANES AS BATTERY SEPARATOR FILM - The invention relates to microporous membranes having one or more layers comprising polymer and inorganic molecules. The invention also relates to methods for producing these membranes, and the use of these membranes as battery separator film.08-09-2012
20100112333Polyurethane foam - A microcellular polyurethane obtainable by reacting a polyisocyanate, a polyester formed from a dimer fatty acid and/or dimer fatty diol, and a chain extender. The foam is particularly suitable for use as a component of shoe soles.05-06-2010
20100255286METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING RESIN SUBSTRATE - A method for manufacturing a resin substrate includes heating a resin sheet including fibers and a resin containing incompletely polymerized molecules to a temperature lower than a polymerization initiation temperature of the resin in order to soften the resin; applying a first pressure to the resin sheet to discharge air bubbles between the fibers outside the resin sheet; decreasing the pressure applied to the resin sheet from the first pressure to a second pressure lower than the first pressure; and heating the resin sheet to the polymerization initiation temperature of the resin or higher to polymerize the molecules of the resin and to discharge a gas generated by the polymerization outside the resin sheet.10-07-2010
20120202043Antimicrobial Composite Structure - An antimicrobial composite structure including: a polymeric material, the material having a first exterior surface expanded to fibrils and nodes, a second exterior surface and an interior portion between the exterior surfaces; and nanoparticles present in the interior portion adjacent the first exterior surface but not in the interior portion adjacent the second exterior surface. The nanoparticles can be silver nanoparticles and the polymeric material may be an expanded fluoropolymer material such as expanded polytetrafluoroethylene.08-09-2012
20080248282METHOD FOR FIXING A POLYMER GEL COMPONENT - A method is provided for fixing a silicone gel component, including a step of contacting the gel component with a sheet made of microporous material, such that the silicone gel is attracted upon contact with the sheet, thereby forming an assembly in which the component is fixed to the sheet without glue or adhesive. The method is applicable to the production of modules for protecting a human body part, in particular the foot.10-09-2008
20090029143METHOD OF FORMING MOLDED FOAM AND MOLDED FOAM - A method of molding a foam-molded product is provided which includes foam-molding a thermoplastic elastomer composition with a gas or a supercritical fluid, the composition containing 10 to 93 parts by mass of (1) an ethylene/α-olefin copolymer, 3 to 30 parts by mass of (2) a crystalline polyethylene resin, 3 to 30 parts by mass of (3) a hydrogenated block copolymer formed by hydrogenating a specific block copolymer, and 1 to 30 parts by mass (4) an α-olefin resin having three or more carbon atoms (provided that the total amount of the components (1), (2), (3), and (4) is 100 parts by mass), and having a melt flow rate at a temperature of 230° C. and a load of 10 kg of 5 g/10 min or more and a melt tension at a temperature of 210° C. and a take-up speed of 2 m/min of less than 3.0 cN. A foam-molded product is provided which exhibits excellent closed-cell properties, a uniform cell shape, a small cell diameter, excellent elastic recovery, excellent flexibility, excellent surface appearance, produces no odor, and exhibits excellent recyclability and an excellent cushion feel.01-29-2009
20080268226NANOPOROUS THIN FILMS AND MULTI-FUNCTIONAL LAYERS VIA SPATIALLY ORGANIZED POLYMERS - A spatially organized polymer nanostructured thin film and a ligand adsorbate attached to the polymer nanostructured thin film and, optionally, an additional material or materials attached to the ligand adsorbate. A method for forming a structure by: providing a spatially organized polymer nanostructured thin film and a ligand adsorbate, and adsorbing the ligand adsorbate onto the thin film and, optionally, binding additional material or materials to the ligand adsorbate.10-30-2008
20110027572THERMALLY STABLE CRYSTALLINE MESOPOROUS METAL OXIDES WITH SUBSTANTIALLY UNIFORM PORES - Highly crystalline metal oxide-carbon composites, as precursors to thermally stable mesoporous metal oxides, are coated with a layer of amorphous carbon. Using a ‘one-pot’ method, highly crystalline metal oxide-carbon composites are converted to thermally stable mesoporous metal oxides, having highly crystalline mesopore walls, without causing the concomitant collapse of the mesostructure. The ‘one-pot’ method uses block copolymers with an sp or sp2 hybridized carbon containing hydrophobic block as structure directing agents which converts to a sturdy, amorphous carbon material under appropriate heating conditions, providing an in-situ rigid support which maintains the pores of the oxides intact while crystallizing at temperatures as high as 1000 deg C. A highly crystalline metal oxide-carbon composite can be heated to produce a thermally stable mesoporous metal oxide consisting of a single polymorph.02-03-2011
20100285300Nano-materials - A nano-material includes a free-standing carbon nanotube structure and a number of nano-particles. The carbon nanotube structure includes a number of carbon nanotubes. The nano-particles are successively and closely linked to each other and coated on a surface of each of the carbon nanotubes of the carbon nanotube structure.11-11-2010
20100285301Breathable Membranes and Method for Making Same - The invention relates to a method for modifying the surface of a membrane by plasma treatment, wherein said method imparts water-repellent and imperviousness properties to said membrane while preserving the steam perviousness and the elastic properties thereof. The method comprises, inter alia, a step of treating the membrane with a plasma of a precursor compound selected from a hydrocarbon gas, a fluorocarbon gas, mixtures thereof, a fluorocarbon liquid, a fluorocarbon solid, wherein the precursor compound is selected in such a way that the F/C ratio is lower than 2, followed by a step of treating the same surface of the substrate from the previous step with a plasma of a fluorocarbon gas selected in such a way that the F/C ratio is at least 2. The invention also relates to the resulting membranes.11-11-2010
20090197071PREPARATION OF SUPERHYDROPHOBIC FIBROUS SUBSTRATES - Process for the production of a superhydrophobic fibrous substrate. The process involves preparing hydrophobic core-shell microparticles, the microparticles having a core of polyurethane and a shell of polydimethylsiloxane or of polybutadiene, then depositing a liquid suspension of the microparticles on the fibrous substrate. Superhydrophobic fibrous substrates of this kind are useful for the manufacture of textiles intended for apparel, or of coatings for printing.08-06-2009
20110189469FUNCTIONALIZED THIN FILM POLYAMIDE MEMBRANES - The present invention relates to a method of preparing RAFT, ATRP or NMRP functionalized 08-04-2011
20080286556SUPER-HYDROPHOBIC WATER REPELLANT POWDER - A composition of matter is a plurality of solid particles of at least 100 nm to about 10 μm in size having a plurality of nanopores where at least some of the nanopores provide flow through porosity, and the surface of the particles displays a plurality of spaced apart nanostructured features with a contiguous material protruding at the surface and optionally at least one interpenetrating recessing contiguous material. The particles are superhydrophobic when the protruding material is hydrophobic or a hydrophobic coating conforms to the surface of the particle. Articles with superhydrophobic surfaces can be formed by the coating of the particles on a solid substrate.11-20-2008
20100047551COMPOSITE MATERIALS COMPRISING SUPPORTED POROUS GELS - This invention relates to a composite material that comprises a support member that has a plurality of pores extending through the support member and, located in the pores of the support member, and filling the pores of the support member, a macroporous cross-linked gel. The invention also relates to a process for preparing the composite material described above, and to its use. The composite material is suitable, for example, for separation of substances, for example by filtration or adsorption, including chromatography, for use as a support in synthesis or for use as a support for cell growth.02-25-2010
20090220763OLEOPHOBIC LAMINATED ARTICLE - An article includes a microporous membrane. A porous fabric is laminated to the microporous membrane to form a laminate with a membrane side and a fabric side. A treatment material is applied to the laminate to form a treated laminate. The treated laminate having an oil resistance of at least a number 7 determined by AATCC 118 testing on both the membrane side and the fabric side. The treated laminate also has an air permeability through the treated laminate of at least 0.01 CFM per square foot determined by ASTM D737 testing.09-03-2009
20100221521Shear thickening fluid containment in polymer composites - Shear thickening fluid suspoemulsions are shown to exhibit unique material properties that have potential application in a broad range of fields of use. Suspoemulsions containing shear thickening fluids as immiscible blends exhibit a nontrivial shear thickening response for volume fractions as low as 10% of STF in the silicone emulsion. Measurements indicate that the system shows phase inversion and it is even possible to form materials with a cocontinuous microstructure with interesting, hysteretic, shear sensitive behavior. Novel STF containing composites with rubbers are formed by blending the shear thickening fluid within the rubber precursors and then adding the catalyzing agent. It was possible to contain STF in each of the silicones tested and the rubbers exhibited different behavior with incased STF. Shear thickening fluid was added to open cell polyurethane to create a Foam-STF composite which was found to exhibit an significant shear thickening response. Finally, STF composites were also formed by polymer blending, leading to materials with unique and superior performance as a consequence of the STF content and multiphase microstructure.09-02-2010
20110318568COMPOSITE CARBON NANOTUBE STRUCTURE - A composite carbon nanotube structure includes a carbon nanotube film structure and a graphite structure. The carbon nanotube structure defines a number of micropores therein. The graphite structure and the carbon nanotube film structure are composited together. The graphite structure comprising a number of graphite segments filled in the micropores.12-29-2011
20110064938THERMOPLASTIC FOAMS AND METHOD OF FORMING THEM USING NANO-GRAPHITE - Rigid foam insulating products and processes for making such insulation products are disclosed. The foam products are formed from a polymer, a blowing agent, and nano-graphite. The nano-graphite has a size in at least one dimension less than about 100 nm and, in exemplary embodiments may be an intercalated, expanded nano-graphite. In addition, the nano-graphite may include a plurality of nanosheets having a thickness between about 10 to about 100 nanometers. The nano-graphite acts as a process additive to improve the physical properties of the foam product, such as thermal insulation and compressive strength. In addition, the nano-graphite in the foam controls cell morphology and acts as a nucleating agent in the foaming process. Further, the nano-graphite exhibits overall compound effects on foam properties including improved insulating value (increased R-value) for a given thickness and density and improved ultraviolet (UV) stability.03-17-2011
20120070647THIN-WALL POLYMER COATED ARTICLES AND GLOVES AND A METHOD THEREFOR - The present invention relates to articles and gloves having a polymer coating on at least a portion of the article or gloves's surface, wherein the polymer coating comprises a polyurethane dispersion made from the reaction product of an isocyanate functional prepolymer, a chain extender, and a chain terminator; and methods for making the same. The articles and gloves of the present invention have improved flexibility, breathability, dexterity and feel, and provide self-sanitizing and self-deodorizing capabilities and improved non-slip grip performance in dry, wet, humid and lubricated conditions.03-22-2012
20100075131Ligand Graft Functionalized Substrates - Polyethyleneimine and polyalkylene biguanide ligand functionalized substrates, methods of making ligand functionalized substrates, and methods of using functionalized substrates are disclosed.03-25-2010
20100173145LOW EMISSIVITY FILM - The present invention concerns a functional film material comprising a substrate layer and a coating layer, the coating layer comprising a block copolymeric binder and a particulate metal pigment therein, the ratio of pigment to binder in the coating layer being selected with reference to the coat weight to provide the functional film material with an emissivity of less than 0.5, and the substrate and coating layer being selected to provide the film with a VWTR (ambient) in excess 400 gm07-08-2010
20100178490ROLL-TO-ROLL PLASMA ENHANCED CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION METHOD OF BARRIER LAYERS COMPRISING SILICON AND CARBON - The present invention provides method and process for forming a barrier layer on a flexible substrate. The continuous roll-to-roll method includes providing a substrate to a processing chamber using at least one roller configured to guide the substrate through the processing chamber. The process includes depositing a barrier layer adjacent the substrate by exposing at least one portion of the substrate that is within the processing chamber to plasma comprising a silicon-and-carbon containing precursor gas. The present invention is further directed to a coated flexible substrates comprising a barrier layer based on the structural unit SiC:H. The barrier layer possesses high density and low porosity. Still further, the barrier layer exhibits low water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) in the range of 1007-15-2010
20120276367CAST FILMS, MICROPOROUS MEMBRANES, AND METHOD OF PREPARATION THEREOF - There is provided a method for controlling the morphology of a cast film. The method comprises extruding a cast film by controlling a cooling rate of the cast film by applying on the film a gas at a gas cooling rate of at least about 0.4 cm11-01-2012
20100159232COMPOSITION FOR RIGID POLYURETHANE FOAM AND RIGID POLYURETHANE FOAM PRODUCED USING THE SAME - A composition for a rigid polyurethane foam with reduced cell sizes contains a polyol, water, a catalyst, a blowing agent; and an ionic liquid. The rigid polyurethane foam is produced by adding an ionic liquid as an eco-friendly additive to a polyol composition so as to improve insulation efficiency thereof.06-24-2010
20130017390POROUS STRUCTURED ORGANIC FILM COMPOSITIONSAANM COTE; Adrien P.AACI ClarksonAACO CAAAGP COTE; Adrien P. Clarkson CAAANM HEUFT; Matthew A.AACI OakvilleAACO CAAAGP HEUFT; Matthew A. Oakville CA - A porous structured organic film including a plurality of segments and a plurality of linkers arranged as a covalent organic framework, wherein at a macroscopic level the covalent organic framework is a film and contains a plurality of sites accessible to one or more entity.01-17-2013
20110159272FORMING POROUS SCAFFOLD FROM CELLULOSE DERIVATIVES - Scaffold comprises a polymer defining macropores and comprising hydroxypropylcellulose partially substituted by a substituent comprising a self-crosslinkable group, which is crosslinked through the self-crosslinkable group. The macropores have an average pore size larger than 50 microns and are at least partially interconnected. In one method, bicontinuous emulsion comprising a continuous aqueous phase and a continuous polymer phase is formed. The polymer phase comprises hydroxypropylcellulose partially substituted by a substituent comprising a self-crosslinkable group, and is crosslinked through the self-crosslinkable group to form a polymer defining at least partially interconnected pores. In another method, phase separation is induced in a solution comprising a polymer precursor and water to form a bicontinuous emulsion comprising a continuous polymer phase and a continuous aqueous phase. The polymer precursor comprises a self-crosslinkable group and is crosslinked through the self-crosslinkable group in the emulsion to form a polymer defining at least partially interconnected macropores.06-30-2011
20080254278MICROPOROUS LAYERS, AN ARTICLE COMPRISING A MICROPOROUS LAYER, AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF - A microporous layer comprising a microporous xerogel comprising pores that are substantially continuously interconnected from a first outermost surface of the microporous xerogel through to a second outermost surface of the microporous xerogel; and a crosslinked polymer binder comprising a polymer having a glass transition temperature of about 50° C. or higher, wherein the polymer binder is water soluble prior to crosslinking.10-16-2008
20130171442METHOD FOR MODIFYING POROUS SUBSTRATE AND MODIFIED POROUS SUBSTRATE - A method for modifying a porous substrate, including: coating a metal hydroxide layer on a porous substrate; and calcining the porous substrate with the metal hydroxide layer coated thereon to transform the metal hydroxide layer into a continuous metal oxide layer, forming a modified porous substrate. The disclosure also provides a modified porous substrate.07-04-2013
20090246503METHOD FOR PRODUCING MICROPOROUS SHEET - Provided is a method of producing a microporous sheet material of a polymeric matrix of polyolefin, with finely divided and substantially water-insoluble filler distributed throughout the matrix, and a network of interconnecting pores communicating throughout the microporous material. The method includes: (a) forming a mixture of polyolefin, filler and a processing plasticizer composition; (b) extruding the mixture to form a continuous sheet; and (c) contacting the continuous sheet with a non-flammable extraction fluid composition to extract the processing plasticizer composition from the continuous sheet. The extraction fluid has a boiling point of 75° C. or less, and is essentially free of trichloroethylene. The microporous sheet material has Tensile Strength equal to or greater than 800 kPa. A microporous sheet material also is provided.10-01-2009
20100297426COMPOSITES OF INORGANIC MICROPARTICLES HAVING A PHOSPHATED SURFACE AND ALKALINE EARTH CARBONATE NANOPARTICLES - The present invention relates to composites comprising inorganic micro pigments and/or fillers in the form of surface-phosphated microparticles, whose surface is at least partially coated with finely divided with alkaline earth carbonate nanoparticles by means of binders based on copolymers comprising as the monomers one or more dicarboxylic acids and one or more monomers from the group of diamines, triamines, dialkanolamines or trialkanolamines and epichlorohydrin, a method for producing such composites, aqueous slurries thereof and the use thereof in papermaking or in the field of production of paints and plastics as well as the use of the binders for the coating of microparticles with nano alkaline earth carbonate.11-25-2010
20120028029HIGHLY ORDERED ARRAYS OF NANOHOLES IN METALLIC FILMS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - The present invention relates to highly ordered arrays of nanoholes in metallic films and to an improved method for producing the same. The method according to the invention for producing an highly ordered array of nanoholes in metallic films on a substrate comprises the following steps: a) providing microspheres comprising poly-N-isopropylamide (polyNIPAM), the microspheres being selected from pure poly-N-isopropyl-amide (polyNIPAM) hydrogel microspheres and polymeric or inorganic beads carrying poly-N-isopropylamide (polyNIPAM) hydrogel chains, b) coating an aqueous dispersion of said microspheres onto a substrate and drying the dispersion, which results in a non-close packed ordered array of the microspheres, c) generating a metallic film on the substrate, d) removing the microspheres from the surface of the substrate which results in an ordered array of nanoholes on the substrate, and e) optionally increasing the thickness of the metallic film by selective electroless plating.02-02-2012
20120028028MANUFACTURING METHOD OF CONDUCTIVE THIN FILM AND PRODUCT THEREOF - A manufacturing method of conductive thin film includes: (A) preparing tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), 3-methacryloxypropyl-trimethoxysilane and one of or a mixture of vinyl-triethoxysilane (VTEO) and vinyl-trimethoxysilane (VTMO) in a mole ratio of 1:1:1, so as to obtain a silicon-containing reactant; (B) mixing the silicon-containing reactant with a solvent containing water and alcohol, wherein the total quantity of moles of the solvent is two times of that of the silicon-containing reactant; and evenly stirring for at least 12 hours, so as to obtain a semi-finished paint; (C) adding a conductive material in an amount of 3-50 wt % based on a final total weight into the semi-finished paint and evenly stirring, so as to obtain a finished paint; and (D) applying the finished paint to a substrate by coating means, and heating at a temperature of 70-250° C. for 5-60 minutes, so as to form a conductive thin film with continuous pores.02-02-2012
20130095314IMMOBILIZED CARBON NANOTUBES ON VARIOUS SURFACES - In some embodiments, the present invention provides methods of immobilizing carbon nanotubes on a surface, wherein the method comprises: (1) mixing carbon nanotubes with a superacid to form a carbon nanotube solution; and (2) exposing the carbon nanotube solution to the surface. The exposing results in the immobilization of the carbon nanotubes on the surface. In some embodiments, the method occurs without the utilization of carbon nanotube wrapping molecules. Other embodiments of the present invention pertain to systems that comprise immobilized carbon nanotubes on a surface, as developed by the aforementioned methods.04-18-2013
20120088090FINGERPRINT-ERASING CURED FILM, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, DISPLAY AND TOUCH PANEL USING SAME, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THESE - Fingerprint-erasing cured films for rendering fingerprint depositions on various surfaces quickly less visible or invisible; a manufacturing method therefor; a display or touch panel using the same; and electronic devices using these are provided. A liquid coating film including a solvent and a polymerizable resin composition curable by an activating energy beam is formed. In a state of the solvent being included within the film, the film is cured to form a cured film containing the solvent, preferably using a release material whose surface has undergone matte processing; and the solvent is evaporated in a subsequent drying step, whereby a cured film with a multitude of micropores on the surface is formed. Fingerprint soiling is rendered not readily visible or invisible. By using the cured film, there are obtained displays, touch panels, and electronic devices having fingerprint-erasability. To improve fingerprint-erasability, adding a water-absorbent compound to the film composition is preferable.04-12-2012

Patent applications in class Voids specified as micro

Patent applications in all subclasses Voids specified as micro