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422 - Chemical apparatus and process disinfecting, deodorizing, preserving, or sterilizing

422129000 - CHEMICAL REACTOR

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DocumentTitleDate
20090214403SEPARATOR AND UNLOADING DEVICE - An unloading device includes: a separator connected to a suction hose connected to the reactor and to another suction hose connected to a vacuum car, the separator separating a catalyst sucked from the reactor by the vacuum car from air; a flexible container bag for storing the catalyst dropped from the separator; and a dumping hose provided between the separator and the flexible container bag for transferring the catalyst dropped from the separator to the flexible container bag. The separator includes a blower unit for blowing a gas to the catalyst unloaded in the separator body toward a lower cone and a cover that openably closes a catalyst outlet.08-27-2009
20090285728ISOLATION AND SUBSEQUENT UTILIZATION OF SATURATED FATTY ACIDS AND ALPHA-OLEFINS IN THE PRODUCTION OF ESTER-BASED BIOLUBRICANTS - The present invention is generally directed to the synthesis and/or manufacture of ester-based lubricant compositions. The present invention is also directed to methods of making these and other similar lubricant compositions, and to systems for implementing such methods (processes). In some embodiments, the methods for making such ester-based lubricants utilize a biomass precursor (e.g., triglyceride-bearing vegetable oils) such that the lubricant compositions generated by the methods and systems of the present invention can be properly deemed biolubricants. In these or other embodiments, lubricant precursor species can also be sourced or derived from Fischer-Tropsch (FT) and/or long-chain paraffin pyrolysis reaction products. The ester component of the lubricant compositions, produced in accordance with the methods and systems of the present invention, comprises largely diester species.11-19-2009
20100080739Processes for the Isomerization of Normal Butane to Isobutane - In a normal butane isomerization process where the isomerization effluent (04-01-2010
20110194988HYDRAZINE SPILL PAD APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING - An apparatus for remediating hydrazine and a method of manufacturing the apparatus for remediating hydrazine are disclosed. A pad treated with a dicarbonyl compound can be utilized to remediate hydrazine spills or hydrazine-contaminated surfaces. The apparatus to remediate hydrazine includes a pad comprising an absorbent medium pre-treated with a dicarbonyl compound, wherein a solution, surface, device, or component contaminated with hydrazine reacts with the dicarbonyl compound of the pad to convert the hydrazine into a stable organic compound, thereby decontaminating the spill. The pad may include a porous surface cover surrounding an inert absorbent medium component that in turn supports a dicarbonyl compound that reacts with the hydrazine from the surface. The absorbent medium can be a pad, fibrous material, granular material, or an aqueous absorbent medium. The absorbent medium generally comprises a porous outer fabric surface covering that allows solutions or vapors to pass into the pad's interior.08-11-2011
20110194987SCR SYSTEM WITH COMPENSATION ELEMENT AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AN SCR SYSTEM - An SCR system includes at least one reducing agent tank, a filter, a feed device and a reducing agent line for feeding and conducting a reducing agent. At least one compensation element has a volume through which the reducing agent flows and is suitable for varying the volume as a function of a reducing agent pressure. A motor vehicle having an SCR system is also provided.08-11-2011
20090162264Production of Aviation Fuel from Biorenewable Feedstocks - A process has been developed for producing aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks such as plant oils and animals fats and oils. The process involves treating a renewable feedstock by hydrogenating and deoxygenating to provide n-paraffins having from about 8 to about 24 carbon atoms. At least some of the n-paraffins are isomerized to improve cold flow properties. At least a portion of the paraffins are selectively cracked to provide paraffins meeting specifications for different fuels such as JP-8.06-25-2009
20120183450ACETIC ACID PRODUCTION BY WAY OF CARBONYLATION WITH ENHANCED REACTION AND FLASHING - A method of making acetic acid includes: (a) catalytically reacting methanol or a reactive derivative thereof with carbon monoxide in the presence of a homogeneous Group VIII metal catalyst and a methyl iodide promoter in a reactor vessel in a liquid reaction mixture including acetic acid, water, methyl acetate, methyl iodide and homogeneous catalyst, the reactor vessel being operated at a reactor pressure; (b) withdrawing reaction mixture from the reaction vessel and feeding the withdrawn reaction mixture along with additional carbon monoxide to a pre-flasher/post reactor vessel operated at a pressure below the reactor vessel pressure; (c) venting light ends in the pre-flasher vessel and concurrently consuming methyl acetate in the pre-flasher/post reactor vessel. Reaction conditions, residence time and composition are controlled in the pre-flasher/post reactor vessel such that a pre-flash mixture is enriched in acetic acid and diminished in methyl iodide and methyl acetate in the pre-flasher/post reactor vessel. From the pre-flasher/post reaction vessel the acetic acid enriched mixture is (d) withdrawn and fed to a flash vessel.07-19-2012
20120189505PRESSURE CASCADED TWO-STAGE HYDROCRACKING UNIT - An apparatus for hydrocracking an oil feedstock to produce a light oil stream without build-up of heavy polynuclear aromatic (HPNA) hydrocarbons in the recycle stream is provided. The apparatus includes a reactor for hydroprocessing the hydrocarbon feedstock to produce effluents, which are subsequently fractionated. Additional hydroprocessing reactors are provided for hydroprocessing individual fractionated product streams.07-26-2012
20090155139Apparatus for Crystallizing Polymer Particles - The present invention is a process and apparatus for conserving loss of heat while forming and crystallizing polymer particles in a liquid. The cooling liquid quenches the polymer during particle molding to facilitate shaping. The cooling liquid cools the polymer particles not below a temperature that allows adequate crystallization to occur. Cooling liquid is quickly switched with a warming liquid, so the temperature of the polymer is in the crystallization range and the heat of crystallization self-heats the polymer to a higher temperature.06-18-2009
20090155138Apparatus for Producing Trichlorosilane - An apparatus for producing trichlorosilane, including: a reaction vessel in which a supply gas containing silicon tetrachloride and hydrogen is supplied to produce a reaction product gas containing trichlorosilane and hydrogen chloride; a heating mechanism that heats the interior of the reaction vessel; a storage container that stores the reaction vessel and the heating mechanism; a gas supply internal cylinder that supplies the supply gas in the reaction vessel; a gas discharge external cylinder that is substantially concentrically disposed outside the gas supply internal cylinder, forming a discharge passageway of the reaction product gas between an outer circumferential surface of the gas supply internal cylinder and an inner circumferential surface of the gas discharge external cylinder; and a cooling cylinder that supports the gas discharge external cylinder disposed inside thereof and includes a refrigerant passageway formed therein for circulating a refrigerant.06-18-2009
20130045140APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING HYDROPROCESSED HYDROCARBONS WITH TWO STRIPPERS - An apparatus is disclosed for recovering hydroprocessing effluent from a hydroprocessing unit utilizing a hot stripper and a cold stripper. Only the hot hydroprocessing effluent is heated in a fired heater prior to product fractionation, resulting in substantial operating and capital savings.02-21-2013
20130045142APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING HYDROPROCESSED HYDROCARBONS WITH TWO STRIPPERS AND COMMON OVERHEAD RECOVERY - An apparatus is disclosed for recovering hydroprocessing effluent from a hydroprocessing unit utilizing a hot stripper and a cold stripper. The cold stripper and the hot stripper utilize a common overhead recovery apparatus.02-21-2013
20130045141APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING HYDROPROCESSED HYDROCARBONS WITH TWO STRIPPERS IN ONE VESSEL - An apparatus is disclosed for recovering hydroprocessing effluent from a hydroprocessing unit utilizing a hot stripper and a cold stripper. The cold stripper and the hot stripper are contained in the same vessel. A barrier prevents material from the hot stripper from entering into the cold stripper.02-21-2013
20130045139Method To Enhance The Ash Storage Capacity Of A Particulate Filter - A method of treating a particulate filter includes introducing a work fluid, such as water, into one or more channels of the filter and then removing the work fluid in a vaporized state. The channels contain an amount of ash and the density of the ash is greater subsequent to the removal of the work fluid than prior to the introduction of the work fluid.02-21-2013
20130045138APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING HYDROPROCESSED HYDROCARBONS WITH TWO STRIPPERS IN SERIES - An apparatus is disclosed for recovering hydroprocessing effluent from a hydroprocessing unit utilizing a hot stripper and a cold stripper. A net overhead stream from the hot stripper is forwarded to the cold stripper for further stripping. The invention is particularly suitable for hydrotreating residue feed streams. The hot stripped stream may be subjected to fluid catalytic cracking The apparatus and process eliminates the need for a fired heater in the product recovery unit.02-21-2013
20100143213Process for Reducing Benzene Concentration in Reformate - A process and system for separating and saturating benzene from a reforming reactor effluent begins with introducing the reforming reactor effluent to a combined stabilizer and naphtha splitter. An overhead stream comprising light ends, a sidecut stream comprising C4− C5 compounds, a bottoms stream comprising C7+ compounds and a heart cut stream comprising C4, C5, C6 compounds including benzene are all removed from the combined stabilizer and naphtha splitter. The heart cut stream is introduced to a side stripper to produce a side stripper overhead stream reduced in benzene and a side stripper bottoms stream enriched in benzene. At least a portion of the side stripper bottoms stream enriched in benzene is introduced into a hydrogenation zone to saturate benzene and generate a hydrogenation zone effluent reduced in benzene. The side stripper overhead stream may be recycled to the combined stabilizer and naphtha splitter.06-10-2010
20100329944SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF LIQUID PRODUCT FROM LIGHT GAS - A method for producing a product comprising at least one selected from C12-30-2010
20130028809Hydrogen Generator with Improved Fluid Distribution - The invention is a hydrogen generator including a housing, a reaction area, a fluid reservoir, a pellet comprising a first reactant within the reaction area, a fluid comprising a second reactant within the fluid reservoir, a fluid flow path between the fluid reservoir and the reaction area, and a hydrogen outlet. The fluid flow path comprises a follower assembly biased toward the pellet, the follower assembly includes an articulated joint and a follower, and the second reactant can react with the first reactant in the reaction area to produce hydrogen gas and byproducts.01-31-2013
20130071298APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CAPTURE AND INACTIVATION OF MICROBES AND VIRUSES - To provide an apparatus for capture and inactivation of microbes and viruses, the apparatus is configured to be capable of performing stable removal of microbes and viruses and achieve a reduction in pressure loss.03-21-2013
20130058842Method and Apparatus for Carbonylating Methanol with Acetic Acid Enriched Flash Stream - A carbonylation process for producing acetic acid including: (a) carbonylating methanol or its reactive derivatives in the presence of a Group VIII metal catalyst and methyl iodide promoter to produce a liquid reaction mixture including acetic acid, water, methyl acetate and methyl iodide; (b) feeding the liquid reaction mixture at a feed temperature to a flash vessel which is maintained at a reduced pressure; (c) heating the flash vessel while concurrently flashing the reaction mixture to produce a crude product vapor stream, wherein the reaction mixture is selected and the flow rate of the reaction mixture fed to the flash vessel as well as the amount of heat supplied to the flash vessel is controlled such that the temperature of the crude product vapor stream is maintained at a temperature less than 90° F. cooler than the feed temperature of the liquid reaction mixture to the flasher and the concentration of acetic acid in the crude product vapor stream is greater than 70% by weight of the crude product vapor stream.03-07-2013
20130183204SYSTEM FOR DEAERATION IN A FLASH VESSEL - The disclosed embodiments relate to systems for deaerating a stream of slag sump water produced by a gasifier. For example, in one embodiment, a system includes a flash vessel having a first inlet configured to introduce a first fluid into the flash vessel, wherein the flash vessel is configured to flash the first fluid to produce a first flash gas, a second inlet configured to introduce a stream from slag sump into the flash vessel, wherein the stream from slag sump comprises a mixture of a gasification fine slag, dissolved oxygen (O07-18-2013
20110064622Apparatus and Process for Isomerizing a Hydrocarbon Stream - An apparatus and process for isomerizing a hydrocarbon stream rich in a C4 hydrocarbon and/or at least one of a C5 and C6 hydrocarbon which includes a first drier and a second drier; and a reaction zone communicating with at least the first drier. The first drier operates at a first condition to dry the reactant and the second drier operates at a second condition during regeneration. The used regenerant remaining in the second drier after regeneration can (1) pass through a vent-to-flare assembly in a batch-wise manner; (2) pass through a downflow-depressure-to-low-pressure-device assembly in a batch-wise manner; (3) pass through a cross-over piping purge assembly to minimize upsets in the reaction and fractionation zones when the second drier is placed back in operation; or any combination of (1) (2) and/or (3) to minimize upsets in the reaction and fractionation zones when the second drier is placed back in operation.03-17-2011
20130064730GAS ABATEMENT SYSTEM - Provided is a gas abatement system including piping. This system can be made overall more compact, with better serviceability, and at a lower cost. A gas abatement system is provided with: a water-cooled combustion-type abatement apparatus that performs combustion decomposition and scrub dust collection on gases to be processed that include silane, which is a semiconductor material gas, as well as a gaseous fluoride such as NF3, CF4, C2F6, SF6, CHF3 or CF6, that is used as a cleaning gas, for instance, in plasma cleaning of air-tight chambers C03-14-2013
20130064729PROCESS AND EQUIPMENT FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS FROM BIOMASS - An equipment for carrying out a process for producing synthesis gas (S) from biomass, includes a storage unit (03-14-2013
20130064728METHOD OF MAKING SYNGAS AND APPARATUS THEREFOR - Syngas is formed by combining a carbon source with steam at an elevated temperature in a generally horizontal reactor. The heat for the reaction is provided by a stoichiometric combustion nozzle at a first end of the horizontal reaction chamber. The carbon source is deposited downwardly into the reaction chamber where it combines with a flowing stream of hot gas formed from the stoichiometric combustion in combination with steam and additional oxygen, if necessary. This flowing stream of gas reacts with the deposited carbon feed source and is directed to a cyclone separator where the formed syngas is recovered from an upper portion of the separator and any formed ash is directed into a collection tank.03-14-2013
20130064727Filtration Tray For Fixed Bed Reactor With A Co-Current Down-Flow Of Gas And Liquid - The device described in the present invention can trap plugging particles contained in the liquid feed supplying a reactor functioning in gas and liquid co-current down-flow mode using a specific distributor tray comprising a filtration medium.03-14-2013
20090232716REACTOR WITH A THERMAL GRADIENT CONTROLLED FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PURE HYDROGEN - A device for the thermal separation of water into hydrogen and oxygen, including a closed reaction chamber (09-17-2009
20120237410HF ALKYLATION PROCESS WITH INTERNAL ACID REGENERATION - An improved process for removing polymeric by-product (ASO) from the HF alkylation acid in an HF alkylation unit used for the production of gasoline boiling range alkylate product by olefin/iso-paraffin alkylation, comprises fractionating a portion of the circulating HF alkylation acid inventory of the unit with a portion of hot alkylate product in a fractionation zone to from an overhead product comprising HF alkylation acid and water and a bottoms fraction comprising the polymeric by-product and alkylate. The bottoms fraction is sent to the isoparaffin stripper of the unit to remove trace HF alkylation acid as overhead and form a product stream of hot alkylate as a bottoms fraction.09-20-2012
20130164186SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING OFF-GASSED OZONE - Systems and methods for producing an ozone destructor are disclosed herein. Generally, these systems and methods include an ozone destructor that has a housing defining an air passage duct. In some cases, this air passage duct includes a first chamber and a second chamber that are arranged so that air is able to flow into the first chamber, through the second chamber, and out of the destructor. In some cases, an air drying mechanism is disposed in the first and/or the second chamber. Additionally, in some cases, the ozone destructor further includes multiple mechanisms that reduce ozone to oxygen. In light of these features, the ozone destructor is capable of incrementally drying and reducing air and ozone, respectively, as they pass through the first chamber and the second chamber.06-27-2013
20130164187Production Apparatus of Composite Silver Nanoparticle - A production apparatus of composite silver nanoparticle including: a device for arranging a silver salt microparticle and at least an alcohol solvent selected from alcohols having a carbon number of 1 to 12; a raw material mixer for preparing an alcohol solution by mixing the silver salt microparticle into the alcohol solvent added more excessively than the mol number of the silver salt microparticle to make an excess alcohol solution; a reactor for generating a composite silver nanoparticle by heating the excess alcohol solution at a generation temperature PT generating an aldehyde for a generation time with a heater, in which a silver core is formed by reducing the silver salt microparticle by the alcohol solvent and/or the aldehyde and the composite silver nanoparticle having an organic coating layer originated from the alcohol solvent around the silver core is formed, and a chiller for cooling the alcohol solution06-27-2013
20120269694Hydrogen Generator with Improved Volume Efficiency - A hydrogen generator with improved volume efficiency and a method of producing hydrogen gas with the hydrogen generator are disclosed. A fluid containing a reactant is transported from a reactant storage area to a reaction area. Hydrogen gas and an effluent pass from the reaction area into the effluent storage area that is in a volume exchanging relationship with one or both of the reactant storage area and the reaction area. An initially compressed filter is disposed in the effluent storage area to remove solids from the hydrogen gas. The filter is attached to a moveable partition separating the effluent storage area from the reactant storage area and/or the reaction area, and the filter expands as the volume of the effluent storage area increases.10-25-2012
20110044860SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND COMPOSITIONS FOR PRODUCTION OF SYNTHETIC HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS - A process and system for producing hydrocarbon compounds or fuels that recycle products of hydrocarbon compound combustion—carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide, or both, and water. The energy for recycling is electricity derived from preferably not fossil based fuels, like from nuclear fuels or from renewable energy. The process comprises electrolysing water, and then using hydrogen to reduce externally supplied carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide, then using so produced carbon monoxide together with any externally supplied carbon monoxide and hydrogen in Fischer-Tropsch reactors, with upstream upgrading to desired specification fuels—for example, gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel fuel, and others. Energy released in some of these processes is used by other processes. Using adiabatic temperature changes and isothermal pressure changes for gas processing and separation, large amounts of required energy are internally recycled using electric and heat distribution lines. Phase conversion of working fluid is used in heat distribution lines for increased energy efficiency. The resulting use of electric energy is less than 1.4 times the amount of the high heating value of combustion of so produced hydrocarbon compounds when carbon dioxide is converted to carbon monoxide in the invention, and less than 0.84 when carbon monoxide is the source.02-24-2011
20100266464APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING A PYROLYSIS PRODUCT - The invention relates to an apparatus for producing a pyrolysis product, the apparatus comprising a pyrolysis reactor for forming pyrolysis product fractions from raw material by fast pyrolysis, a condensing device for condensing gaseous pyrolysis product fractions to mainly liquid pyrolysis product fractions, a combustion boiler arranged in conjunction with the pyrolysis reactor for forming energy fractions, and feeding devices for feeding raw materials to the pyrolysis reactor and the combustion boiler. According to the invention, the apparatus comprises a separating device arranged substantially in conjunction with the pyrolysis reactor for separating other fractions from the gaseous pyrolysis product fractions after the pyrolysis and means for conducting other fractions than the gaseous pyrolysis product fractions from the separator to the combustion boiler.10-21-2010
20110129393Electrically-Heated Contact Fuel Vaporizer for a Hydrocarbon Reformer - An improved electrically-heated contact vaporizer (EHCV) for a catalytic hydrocarbon reformer. The EHCV has an electrically-heated vaporization surface and a helical-wound flow director. Preferably the EHCV includes a port and internal passages to permit controlled entry of an oxygen-containing gas, preferably air, into a flowing stream of vaporized fuel near the exit of the EHCV to mix with the vaporized fuel and spontaneously combust, forming hot gases for heating the reforming catalyst. A third wall may be provided to surround the outer wall of the air passage to provide further thermal insulation against heat loss.06-02-2011
20110300030CYLINDRICAL FILTER FOR GAS GENERATOR - The present invention provides a cylindrical filter for a gas generator, including: 12-08-2011
20110286894System for Integrating Acid Gas Removal and Carbon Capture - In one embodiment, a system includes a hydrogen sulfide (H11-24-2011
20100166622Apparatus and Process for Removal of Carbon Monoxide - One exemplary embodiment can be a process for lowering an amount of carbon monoxide in a stream rich in hydrogen. The process can include passing the stream rich in hydrogen through a carbon monoxide removal zone to produce a product stream having no more than about 10 vppm carbon monoxide and communicating the product stream to a reduction zone receiving a catalyst comprising unreduced metal species.07-01-2010
20100166621Process And Installation For Conversion Of Heavy Petroleum Fractions In A Boiling Bed With Integrated Production Of Middle Distillates With A Very Low Sulfur Content - Disclosed are a process and an installation for treatment of a heavy petroleum feedstock, of which at least 80% by weight has a boiling point of greater than 340° C., wherein the process includes 07-01-2010
20090148360APPARATUS AND PROCESS FOR REGENERATING CATALYST - Disclosed is an apparatus and process for disengaging regenerated catalyst from flue gas in a catalyst regenerator so as to avoid re-entrainment of catalyst that has settled into a bed in the catalyst regenerator using a disengaging device. A disengaging arm of the disengaging device has an outer shell that encloses the arm, an inner shell with a slot for allowing catalyst and flue gas to exit the arm and an outer baffle having a lower edge located below the opening in the outer wall. The baffle directs the catalyst and flue gas downwardly and limits radial flow. Catalyst and flue gas enter the disengaging arm through an opening in an outer wall of a riser section at a first superficial velocity and exits through a slot in a bottom of the disengaging arm at no more than 1.33 the first superficial velocity.06-11-2009
20100266465SYSTEM FOR MAKING LINEAR ALKYLBENZENES - Methods and systems for the production of linear alkylbenzenes are described herein. The methods and systems incorporate the novel use of a high shear device to promote dispersion and mixing of one or more olefins (e.g. propylene) with an aromatic. The high shear device may allow for lower reaction temperatures and pressures and may also reduce reaction time with existing catalysts.10-21-2010
20120141333APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING CATALYTIC PRODUCT - An apparatus is disclosed for recovering product from catalytically converted product streams. An integrated debutanizer column provides an LPG stream, a light naphtha stream and a heavy naphtha stream. The integrated debutanizer column may comprise a dividing wall column. The light naphtha stream may be used as an absorbent for a primary absorber column which provides advantageous operation.06-07-2012
20100080740Processes for the Isomerization of Paraffins of 5 and 6 Carbon Atoms with Methylcyclopentane Recovery - In an isomerization process where the isomerization effluent (04-01-2010
20100086452Plasma apparatus for termination of radioactive and other wastes - The apparatus is proposed for termination of radioactive and other wastes particularly to physical processing of radioactive waste with simultaneous production of hydrogen, oxygen, and electric energy. It comprises a magnetic divider means, a plasma chamber communicated with the magnetic divider, a controllable hydrogen-oxygen dispenser introducing hydrogen and oxygen into the plasma chamber, transformer pipe coils, a transformer chamber surrounded by the transformer coils, the transformer chamber communicated with the plasma chamber, means for supply of water and steam into the transformer coils, cooling means for receiving ionized steam from the transformer coils and cooling the steam, a sprayer receiving the ionized steam from the cooling means and introducing the steam into the magnetic divider; and dispenser means for introducing radio-active wastes and/or worked-out rocket fuels into the transformer chamber, wherein the radio-active wastes and/or worked-out rocket fuels are terminated. Supplemental equipment is also illustrated and described.04-08-2010
20110200492Catalyst separation system - A catalyst separation system which separates catalyst particles from liquid hydrocarbons synthesized by a chemical reaction of a synthesis gas including a hydrogen and a carbon monoxide as the main components, and a slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in a liquid, the catalyst separation system is provided with: a reactor; a storage tank which stores the slurry drawn from the reactor; a plurality of filters which filters the slurry; and a filtrate recovery vessel which recovers a filtrate which has passed through the plurality of filters, wherein the plurality of filters is disposed in series in a flow line for the slurry from the storage tank to the filtrate recovery vessel.08-18-2011
20120269695Hydrotreating Processes for Fabricating Petroleum Distillates from Light Fischer-Tropsch Liquids - A method for obtaining a petroleum distillate product is provided, the method includes subjecting an untreated light Fischer-Tropsch liquid to a two-step hydrogenation process, each step to be carried in the presence of a catalyst comprising an amorphous substrate having a metallic composition embedded therein. After the first step of hydrogenation, an intermediate hydrotreated light Fischer-Tropsch liquid is obtained, followed by the second step of hydrogenation thereof, obtaining the petroleum distillate product as a result. An apparatus for carrying out the method is also provided.10-25-2012
20110171081CORROSION-INHIBITING DEVICE - A corrosion-inhibiting device includes a housing having an inlet and an outlet, and a corrosion-inhibiting material positioned within the housing downstream of the inlet. At least a portion of the corrosion-inhibiting material is released into a fluid stream flowing toward the outlet. The corrosion-inhibiting device also includes an impeller supported for rotation within the housing and an oxidation removal means movable in response to rotation of the impeller and engageable with the corrosion-inhibiting material to remove oxidation formed on the corrosion-inhibiting material.07-14-2011
20080206116FRICTION STIR WELDING METHOD FOR LAMINATED MEMBER AND HYDROGEN REACTOR - The present invention is relates to a method for alternately laminating each first metal sheet and each second metal sheet in three or more layers, wherein a melting point of the second metal sheet is higher than that of the first metal sheet, and welding them together by friction stir welding.08-28-2008
20110206568PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF DIARYL CARBONATES OR ARYLALKYL CARBONATES FROM DIALKYL CARBONATES - The invention provides a process for the preparation of diaryl carbonates and/or alkylaryl carbonates from dialkyl carbonates and aromatic hydroxy compounds using one or more intermediate condensers for improving heat integration.08-25-2011
20100202937Systems and Methods for Extraction of Carbon Dioxide From Air - The present invention describes methods and systems for extracting, capturing, reducing, storing, sequestering, or disposing of carbon dioxide (CO08-12-2010
20100202936METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SOLUBILIZING PROTEIN - A process for solubilization of protein including application of an alkali, such as lime, and heating. The process may also involve lime recovery and may be accomplished in a single stage or two stages to separate protein solubilized from labile and recalcitrant sources. Systems and devices for use in such process, including a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug flow reactor are also involved.08-12-2010
20100098601System for extracting hydrogen from a gas containing methane - A system for extracting hydrogen from a gas containing methane, especially natural gas. Hydrocarbons contained in the gas are catalytically broken down in a reformer by steam in order to form hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. Catalytic conversion of the obtained carbon monoxide with steam occurs in a downstream conversion step in order to form carbon monoxide and water. Carbon dioxide is removed from the converted gas flow by gas washing, and the washed hydrogen-rich gas flow is subsequently divided in a pressure-swing adsorption system into a product gas flow made of hydrogen and a waste gas flow. The waste gas flow is introduced with hydrogen, which is separated from the gas flow after gas washing, into a reformer which is essentially a carbon-free combustible gas, and is combusted there.04-22-2010
20100129273SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING WASTE USING INSECT LARVAE - The present invention is a system for processing organic waste using insect larvae, which has the advantage of being able to process large quantities of organic fecal waste material. The system includes a plurality of substantially flat reaction vessels stacked one on top of the other in parallel arrangement to form a processing blocks 05-27-2010
20080292516METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LOCAL FLUORINE AND NITROGEN TRIFLUORIDE PRODUCTION - The present invention relates to a process for production, shipment, and treatment of a NH11-27-2008
20120294776Combined Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Process for Ethylbenzene Dehydrogenation to Styrene - Processes for using a combination of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons are provided. A hydrocarbon feedstock, carbon dioxide and oxygen are fed to an oxidative dehydrogenation reactor system containing one or more catalysts that promote dehydrogenation of the hydrocarbon feedstock to produce a dehydrogenated hydrocarbon product. The processes of the present invention may be used, for example, to produce styrene monomer by dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene using carbon dioxide and oxygen as oxidants.11-22-2012
20120294772APPARATUS FOR HYDROPROCESSING HYDROCARBONS - An apparatus and process is disclosed for hydroprocessing hydrocarbon feed in a hydroprocessing unit and hydrotreating a second hydrocarbon. The hydrotreating effluent is mixed with hydroprocessing effluent and together fractionated.11-22-2012
20120294773APPARATUS FOR HYDROPROCESSING HYDROCARBONS - An apparatus and process is disclosed for hydroprocessing hydrocarbon feed in a hydroprocessing unit and hydrotreating a second hydrocarbon. A warm separator sends vaporous hydrotreating effluent to be flashed with liquid hydroprocessing effluent to produce a vapor flash overhead that can be recycled to the hydrotreating unit to provide hydrogen requirements.11-22-2012
20120294774Selective Co Oxidation for Acetylene Converter Feed Co Control - A system and process for acetylene selective hydrogenation of an ethylene rich gas stream. An ethylene rich gas supply comprising at least H11-22-2012
20110268622Integration of OTO Process with Direct DME Synthesis - Processes and systems for utilizing products from DME synthesis in converting oxygenates to olefins are provided that include removing a DME reactor effluent from a DME reactor, wherein the DME effluent includes DME, water, and methanol; separating carbon dioxide gas from the DME reactor effluent in a liquid gas separator to produce a degassed effluent stream. The processes and systems can include feeding the degassed effluent stream to an oxygenate to olefin reactor to produce an olefin containing effluent, wherein the olefin containing effluent further includes oxygenates. Alternatively, the processes and systems can include providing the degassed effluent stream to a DME column to produce a DME feedstock and a solvent stream, wherein the solvent stream includes methanol and water; feeding the DME feedstock to an oxygenate to olefin reactor to produce an olefin containing effluent, wherein the olefin containing effluent further includes oxygenates; and contacting at least a portion of the olefin containing effluent with the solvent stream in a solvent contacting zone to produce an olefin containing raffinate stream and an oxygenate containing extract.11-03-2011
20110206569ION EXCHANGER MOULDED BODY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - Organic polymer moldings with ion-exchanger properties or with adsorber properties are produced by means of a powder-based rapid-prototyping process in which a pulverulent organic polymer starting material or starting material mixture is applied in a thin layer to a substrate and then, at selected sites of this layer, is subjected to admixture of a binder and of any necessary auxiliaries, or is irradiated or otherwise treated, so that the powder becomes bonded at these sites, as a result of which the powder becomes bonded not only within the layer but also to the adjacent layers, and this procedure is repeated until the desired shape of the molding has been replicated completely in the resultant powder bed, and then the powder not bonded by the binder is removed, so that the bonded powder is retained in the desired shape, where the starting material itself has the ion-exchanger properties or adsorber properties, or appropriate functionalization of the molding takes place after the shaping process.08-25-2011
20110206567HIGH SHEAR PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CUMENE HYDROPEROXIDE - Use of a high shear mechanical device incorporated into a process for the production of cumene hydroperoxide as a mixer/reactor device is capable of decreasing mass transfer limitations, thereby enhancing the cumene hydroperoxide production process. A system for the production of cumene hydroperoxide from oxidation of cumene, the system comprising a reactor and an high shear mixer the outlet of which is fluidly connected to the inlet of the reactor; the high shear mixer capable of providing a dispersion air gas bubbles within a liquid, the bubbles having an average bubble diameter of less than about 100 μm.08-25-2011
20090092526MICRO-CHANNELS, MICRO-MIXERS, AND MICRO-REACTORS - A fluid micro-mixer and micro-reactor array is provided having at least two bonded layers of micro-channels. The micro-mixer can include at least one input port and one output port, and a mixing and/or reaction port. At least one inlet stream separator layer can isolate the inlet ports from one another.04-09-2009
20090004074Hydrogen peroxide production in microchannel reactors - The present invention includes methods and apparatuses that utilize microchannel technology and, more specifically in exemplary form, producing hydrogen peroxide using microchannel technology. An exemplary process for producing hydrogen peroxide comprises flowing feed streams into intimate fluid communication with one another within a process microchannel to form a reactant mixture stream comprising a hydrogen source and an oxygen source such as, without limitation, hydrogen gas and oxygen gas. Thereafter, a catalyst is contacted by the reactant mixture and is operative to convert a majority of the reactant mixture to hydrogen peroxide that is withdrawn via an egressing product stream. During the hydrogen peroxide chemical reaction, exothermic energy is generated. This exothermic energy is absorbed by the fluid within the microchannel as well as the microchannel itself. In a preferred embodiment, a heat exchange fluid is in thermal communication with the microchannel housing the exothermic reaction and is operative to absorb a portion of this exothermic energy and transfer such energy from the microchannel.01-01-2009
20110229378Reaction Chamber of an Epitaxial Reactor - The present invention relates to a reaction chamber of an epitaxial reactor, consisting essentially of a hollow quartz piece; the hollow quartz piece comprises a quartz piece section (09-22-2011
20080260604Integrated process for producing xylenes and high purity benzene - Processes and apparatus are provided that provide high yields of xylenes per unit of aromatic-containing feed while enabling a high purity benzene co-product to be obtained without the need for an extraction or distillation to remove C10-23-2008
20100178218METAL ALKOXIDES, APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING METAL ALKOXIDES, RELATED METHODS AND USES THEREOF - Compounds, synthesis of, and methods for synthesizing metal alkoxide derivatives; and metal alkoxide derivatives for use as flame retardants are described. Group 13 metal alkoxides having flame retardant properties may be prepared by reacting the group 13 metal trihydroxide with an alcohol.07-15-2010
20090257929Device and method for forming macromolecule crystal - Disclosed is a macromolecule-crystal forming apparatus and method capable of obtaining a macromolecule crystal in a simplified and efficient manner. The device comprises a first container containing a sample of macromolecule, a second container containing a gel acting as a buffer material during the crystallization of the macromolecule, and a third container containing a precipitant solution having a function of facilitating the aggregation of molecules during the crystallization of the macromolecule. These containers are connected together in a given manner so as to allow the macromolecule sample and the precipitant to be brought into contact with one another through the gel to induce the crystallization of the macromolecule.10-15-2009
20090257928Catalysts, system and method for hydrogen production - A system for producing hydrogen features a reactor including a reaction channel adapted to receive a reaction stream including a mixture of supercritical water and a hydrocarbon fuel. A catalyst is positioned in the reaction channel so that a product stream containing hydrogen is produced by a reaction in the reaction channel when the mixture is exposed to the catalyst; wherein the catalyst contains a catalytically active metal and a promoter in a metal format, selected from the group consisting of potassium, sodium, rubidium, lithium, cesium, beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, and barium.10-15-2009
20100015014Mixed Ionic and Electronic Conducting Membrane - A composite membrane includes a mixed ionic and electronic conducting membrane; and an porous catalyst layer on at least one surface of the membrane, said electrocatalytic layer comprised of an oxygen ion conductor and electronic conductor.01-21-2010
20100183486HIGH SHEAR SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CHLOROBENZENE - Use of a high shear mechanical device incorporated into a process for the production of chlorobenzene is capable of decreasing mass transfer limitations, thereby enhancing the chlorobenzene production process. A system for the production of chlorobenzene from benzene and chlorine, the system comprising a reactor and an external high shear device, the outlet of which is fluidly connected to the inlet of the reactor; the high shear device capable of providing an emulsion of chlorine gas bubbles within liquid benzene07-22-2010
20100183485Coking Apparatus and Process for Oil-Containing Solids - A process for upgrading unconventional or heavy oils such as, tar sands, shale oil, or bitumen. This process may include a coking scheme in which oil-containing solids, of suitable size, are fed directly into the riser of an FCC unit. Contacting a hot stream of solids causes vaporization and produces a gaseous product stream. The gaseous product may be separated out in a separating vessel and coked or unconverted oil-containing solids may be transferred to a gasifier for combustion at high temperatures to remove the coke and residual oil. Syngas from the gasifier may be converted to hydrogen using a water gas shift reaction. The hydrogen may be used for hydroprocessing.07-22-2010
20120171084GASIFICATION REACTOR FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CRUDE GAS - In the case of a gasification reactor for the production of crude gas, containing CO or H07-05-2012
20100178217System and Method For Providing An Integrated Reactor - A system and method for providing an integrated indirectly fired reactor and steam generator are disclosed. According to one embodiment, the reactor comprises an indirect heating zone heating water and generating steam, a mixing zone mixing feedstock and the steam and providing a mixture of the feedstock and the steam, and a reaction zone comprising a first reactor and a second reactor. The first reactor converts the mixture to a first syngas at a first temperature. The second reactor converts the first syngas to a second syngas at a second temperature, the second temperature being higher than the first temperature.07-15-2010
20100226832PROCESS FOR REGENERATING CATALYST FOR A HYDROCARBON CONVERSION ZONE - In one exemplary embodiment, a unit for regenerating a hydrocarbon conversion catalyst for a hydrocarbon conversion zone can generally include passing the hydrocarbon conversion catalyst through, sequentially, a catalyst-disengaging zone having a first atmosphere, an adsorption zone having a second atmosphere, and a regeneration zone including a combustion zone; introducing an inert gas between the first atmosphere and the second atmosphere; and passing a flue gas from the combustion zone to the adsorption zone.09-09-2010
20110058991GASIFICATION DEVICE WITH SLAG REMOVAL FACILITY - A device for the gasification of liquid or fine-grain solid fuel materials in an entrained bed reactor, at temperatures above the ash melting point and at a pressure of 0.3 to 8 MPa, including a gasification reactor and a water bath being arranged in a pressure vessel. The water bath being installed below the gasification reactor and the a/m gasification reactor being designed in such a manner that the synthesis gas produced is withdrawn in the upper section of the reactor, the liquid slag precipitating on the walls of the reactor chamber and then having a free downflow, without any solidification of the surface of the said slag. The lower side of the reaction chamber has an outlet opening with a drop-off edge so that the downstream of liquid slag can freely fall from the drop-off edge. A slag removal duct is arranged below the opening and reaches down into the water bath, the upper wall section of the slag removal duct is penetrated by a cooling agent and the internal side of the duct is completely lined with a temperature-resistant insulating compound. The lower section of the slag removal duct which reaches down into the water bath is wetted by a water film on the internal side, the upper and lower sections being connected with each other in such a manner that the water film of the upper wall section does not come into contact with the wall section penetrated by a cooling agent nor with the insulating compound.03-10-2011
20130216443Process For Nitroalkane Recovery By Aqueous Phase Recycle To Nitration Reactor - Disclosed are a process and an apparatus for synthesizing nitroalkanes by reaction of a hydrocarbon feedstock with aqueous nitric acid. Energy and capital costs may be reduced by recycling a majority of the aqueous phase back to the reactor.08-22-2013
20100239474SYNTHESIS REACTION SYSTEM - There is provided a synthesis reaction system which synthesizes a hydrocarbon compound by a chemical reaction of a synthesis gas including hydrogen and carbon monoxide as main components, and a slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in liquid and which extracts the hydrocarbon compound from the slurry. The synthesis reaction system includes a reactor main body which accommodates the slurry, a separator which separates the hydrocarbon compound included in the slurry from the slurry, a first flow passage which allows the slurry including the hydrocarbon compound to flow to the separator from the reactor main body, a second flow passage which allows the slurry to flow to the reactor main body from the separator, and a fluid supply nozzle which supplies a fluid toward at least any one of the separator, the first flow passage, and the second flow passage.09-23-2010
20130189164Process For Downstream Recovery Of Nitroalkane Using Dividing Wall Column - Disclosed are a process and apparatus for synthesizing nitroalkanes by reaction of a hydrocarbon feedstock with aqueous nitric acid. Energy and capital costs may be reduced by using a dividing wall column.07-25-2013
20110027143METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EXTRACTING CARBON DIOXIDE FROM AIR - A method and apparatus for extracting CO02-03-2011
20110027142METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EXTRACTING CARBON DIOXIDE FROM AIR - A method and apparatus for extracting CO02-03-2011
20130129576MULTIPHASE CATALYTIC TOWER-TYPE IMPINGING-STREAM REACTOR - A multiphase catalytic tower-shaped impinging-stream reactor in the form of a tower, the upper part of which is a plate or packed tower 05-23-2013
20100296982CRYSTALLIZATION REACTION APPARATUS FOR PREPARATION OF MASSIVE CRYSTALLINE PARTICLES AND CRYSTALLINE SEPARATION PROCESSING SYSTEM - Disclosed is a crystallizer comprising: a reaction bath having an inlet for feeding a reactant, an outlet for discharging a reaction product, and an inner reaction space in which a crystallization reaction is proceeded; and an agitation bar placed in the inner reaction space of the reaction bath, one cross-section of which is smaller than the other cross-section of the bar in a direction of flowing the reactant.11-25-2010
20110123405Pyrolysis Reactor Conversion of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks Into Higher Value Hydrocarbons - In one aspect, the inventive process comprises a process for pyrolyzing a hydrocarbon feedstock containing nonvolatiles in a regenerative pyrolysis reactor system. The inventive process comprises: (a) heating the nonvolatile-containing hydrocarbon feedstock upstream of a regenerative pyrolysis reactor system to a temperature sufficient to form a vapor phase that is essentially free of nonvolatiles and a liquid phase containing the nonvolatiles; (b) separating said vapor phase from said liquid phase; (c) feeding the separated vapor phase to the pyrolysis reactor system; and (d) converting the separated vapor phase in said pyrolysis reactor system to form a pyrolysis product.05-26-2011
20130136665SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING OIL FROM WASTE MATERIAL AND CATALYST THEREOF - A system for producing oil from waste material includes a catalytic decomposition reactor providing a stirrer for stirring at least one kind of raw material; the raw material being selected from a group consisting of lingo cellulosic hydrocarbon, biomass like marine plants, waste plastic, waste, waste oil, RDF (Refuse derived fuel) and RPF (Refuse plastic fuel), and a catalyst for decomposing the selected raw materials; the catalytic decomposition reactor serving for decomposing the raw materials and producing vapor and gaseous oil and sludge; a condenser for condensing the gaseous oil generated from the catalytic decomposition reactor; a storing container for storing oil condensed from the condenser; and a distillation tower oil from the storing container by heat from a steam boiler and collecting heavy oil, diesel oil and gasoline through a heavy oil output port, a diesel output port and a gasoline output port in boiling points.05-30-2013
20130136666SEPARATION MEMBRANE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF, AND APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SEPARATION MEMBRANE - A separation membrane including an alloy including a Group 5 element and Ir, wherein the alloy includes a body centered cubic crystal structure.05-30-2013
20110110825APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING PRODUCTS FROM TWO REACTORS - An apparatus is disclosed for catalytically converting two feed streams. The feed to a first catalytic reactor may be contacted with product from a second catalytic reactor to effect heat exchange between the two streams and to transfer catalyst from the product stream to the feed stream. The feed to the second catalytic reactor may be a portion of the product from the first catalytic reactor.05-12-2011
20110110826PROCESS FOR INCREASING THE CAPACITY OF AN EXISTING UREA PLANT - Process for increasing the capacity of an existing urea plant comprising a high-pressure urea synthesis section and one or more recovery sections, wherein next to the existing urea plant a urea production unit, comprising a high-pressure urea synthesis section and a medium-pressure recovery section, is installed, wherein a urea-containing stream is produced from ammonia and carbon dioxide and the urea-containing stream is sent to the existing urea plant where the urea-containing stream is further purified in the low-pressure recovery section.05-12-2011
20110116985HYDROGEN PURIFICATION MEMBRANES, COMPONENTS AND FUEL PROCESSING SYSTEMS CONTAINING THE SAME - Hydrogen-producing fuel processing systems, hydrogen purification membranes, hydrogen purification devices, fuel processing and fuel cell systems that include hydrogen purification devices, and methods for operating the same. In some embodiments, operation of the fuel processing system is initiated by heating at least the reforming region of the fuel processing system to at least a selected hydrogen-producing operating temperature. In some embodiments, an electric heater is utilized to perform this initial heating. In some embodiments, use of the electric heater is discontinued after startup, and a burner or other combustion-based heating assembly combusts a fuel to heat at least the hydrogen producing region, such as due to the reforming region utilizing an endothermic catalytic reaction to produce hydrogen gas.05-19-2011
20110123407RAPID THERMAL CONVERSION OF BIOMASS - The present invent provides improved rapid thermal conversion processes for efficiently converting wood, other biomass materials, and other carbonaceous feedstock (including hydrocarbons) into high yields of valuable liquid product, e.g., bio-oil, on a large scale production. In an embodiment, biomass material, e.g., wood, is feed to a conversion system where the biomass material is mixed with an upward stream of hot heat carriers, e.g., sand, that thermally convert the biomass into a hot vapor stream. The hot vapor stream is rapidly quenched with quench media in one or more condensing chambers located downstream of the conversion system. The rapid quenching condenses the vapor stream into liquid product, which is collected from the condensing chambers as a valuable liquid product. In one embodiment, the liquid product itself is used as the quench media.05-26-2011
20110243803HOT SOLIDS GASIFIER WITH CO2 REMOVAL AND HYDROGEN PRODUCTION - A gasifier 10-06-2011
20100055005SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING A CRUDE PRODUCT - A system for producing a crude product is provided. The system includes an upstream contacting zone for contacting a crude feed, where a catalyst comprising vanadium is located in the upstream contacting zone. The system also includes a downstream contacting zone positioned downstream of the upstream contacting zone, where a catalyst comprising a metal from Column 6 of the Periodic Table is located in the downstream contacting zone. The system is useful for reducing the Total Acid Number of a crude feed.03-04-2010
20110250101Method and Apparatus for Making Acetic Acid with Improved Light Ends Column Productivity - An improved apparatus and method of producing acetic acid includes condensing overhead vapor to provide reflux to the light ends column as well as condensing vapor from a central portion of the light ends column to increase capacity. Throughput or load on the light ends column is substantially reduced without compromising product quality.10-13-2011
20110150722MULTI-ZONE REFORMING METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CONVERSION OF DEVOLATILIZED BIOMASS TO SYNGAS - The present invention provides improved methods and apparatus for producing syngas from any carbon-containing feed material. In one aspect, a multi-zone reformer system is provided. A first reaction zone can reduce the presence of refractory tars, while a second reaction zone in communication with the first reaction zone can steam-reform methane and other components from the first reaction zone, to generate high-quality syngas suitable for conversion to liquid fuels, such as ethanol. Other embodiments employ a plurality of reaction zones for added system functionality.06-23-2011
20110044859SYNTHESIS REACTION SYSTEM FOR HYDROCARBON COMPOUND, AND METHOD OF REMOVING POWDERED CATALYST PARTICLES - A synthesis reaction system is provided with: a reactor which synthesizes a hydrocarbon compound by a chemical reaction of a synthesis gas including hydrogen and carbon monoxide as main components, and a slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in liquid; a separator which separates the hydrocarbon compound from the slurry; and a filtering device which filters the hydrocarbon compound extracted from the separator to trap powdered catalyst particles.02-24-2011
20110044861SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE - A system is provided for producing and separating hydrogen and carbon dioxide from a hydrocarbon and steam. A hydrocarbon and steam are steam reformed and the reformed gas is shift reacted to produce a shift gas in the system. Hydrogen is removed from the shift gas, and the hydrogen-depleted gas is reformed and shift reacted again to produce more hydrogen and carbon dioxide in the system. The hydrogen and carbon dioxide are then separated.02-24-2011
20110211997APPARATUS FOR LIQUEFACTION OF CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL - A carbonaceous material liquefaction apparatus which uses a nozzle assembly to supply a pressurised liquid towards a carbonaceous material as a high velocity liquid. A supply line (09-01-2011
20100111782ALKYLATION PROCESS FOR INCREASED CONVERSION AND REDUCED CATALYST USE - The invention relates to a process for the production of alkylated aromatic compounds comprising introducing olefin and aromatic compounds into at least first and second vertically spaced catalytic reaction zones in an alkylation unit under alkylation reaction conditions to provide an alkylated product, wherein the second catalytic reaction zone is positioned above the first catalytic reaction zone; wherein aromatic compound from each of the at least first and second catalytic reaction zones are contacted with a cooling means for re-condensing at least a portion of the aromatic compounds vaporized from the exothermic heat of reaction of the alkylation process; and wherein the olefin is introduced into the at least first and second catalytic reaction zones via respective first and second olefin feed streams at respective olefin feed rates such as to maintain olefin partial pressures at inlets to at least first and second catalytic reaction zones which vary by less than about ten percent. The invention additionally relates to an apparatus for practicing the alkylation process of the invention.05-06-2010
20120148455SECONDARY REACTION QUENCH DEVICE AND METHOD OF USE - In this disclosure, a reactor system is described. The reaction system comprises (a) a reaction vessel having an inner wall, wherein said reaction vessel is configured to receive reactants and export products and byproducts; (b) a primary quench device (PQD) configured to receive a coolant and disperse said coolant into said reaction vessel; and (c) a secondary quench device (SQD) configured to receive a coolant and disperse said coolant into said reaction vessel; wherein said PQD comprises an array of spray nozzles fixed on the inner wall of said reaction vessel at a first axial position; and wherein said SQD comprises (1) an axially movable pipe having a coolant entry end and a nozzle end, wherein said pipe is configured to be removably fixed inside said reaction vessel; and (2) a spray nozzle that is fluidly connected to said pipe at its nozzle end via a fluid tight seal connection.06-14-2012
20110158859PROCESS FOR ISOMERIZING A NON-EQUILIBRIUM ALKYLAROMATIC FEED MIXTURE AND AN AROMATIC PRODUCTION FACILITY - One exemplary embodiment can be a process for the isomerization of a non-equilibrium alkylaromatic feed mixture. The process can include contacting the non-equilibrium alkylaromatic feed mixture in a C8 isomerization zone. The C8 isomerization zone may include a first isomerization stage and a second isomerization stage. At the first isomerization stage, at least a portion of the non-equilibrium alkylaromatic feed mixture can be contacted at a first isomerization condition in a liquid phase in the substantial absence of hydrogen to obtain an intermediate stream. At the second isomerization stage, at least part of the intermediate stream and at least a part of a stream rich in at least one naphthene can be contacted at a second isomerization condition to obtain a concentration of at least one alkylaromatic isomer that is higher than a concentration of that at least one alkylaromatic isomer in the non-equilibrium feed mixture.06-30-2011
20110158858WASTE TO LIQUID HYDROCARBON REFINERY SYSTEM - A Waste to Liquid Hydrocarbon Refinery System that transforms any municipal solid wastes and hazardous industrial wastes, Biomass or any carbon containing feedstock into synthetic hydrocarbon, particularly, but not exclusively, diesel and gasoline and/or electricity and co-generated heat, comprising three major subsystems: i) the Pyro-Electric Thermal Converter (PETC) (06-30-2011
20090324461Four-Train Catalytic Gasification Systems - Systems to convert a carbonaceous feedstock into a plurality of gaseous products are described. The systems include, among other units, four separate gasification reactors for the gasification of a carbonaceous feedstock in the presence of an alkali metal catalyst into the plurality of gaseous products including at least methane. Each of the gasification reactors may be supplied with the feedstock from a single or separate catalyst loading and/or feedstock preparation unit operations. Similarly, the hot gas streams from each gasification reactor may be purified via their combination at a heat exchanger, acid gas removal, or methane removal unit operations. Product purification may comprise trace contaminant removal units, ammonia removal and recovery units, and sour shift units.12-31-2009
20090324462Four-Train Catalytic Gasification Systems - Systems to convert a carbonaceous feedstock into a plurality of gaseous products are described. The systems include, among other units, four separate gasification reactors for the gasification of a carbonaceous feedstock in the presence of an alkali metal catalyst into the plurality of gaseous products including at least methane. Each of the gasification reactors may be supplied with the feedstock from a single or separate catalyst loading and/or feedstock preparation unit operations. Similarly, the hot gas streams from each gasification reactor may be purified via their combination at a heat exchanger, acid gas removal, or methane removal unit operations. Product purification may comprise trace contaminant removal units, ammonia removal and recovery units, and sour shift units.12-31-2009
20090324457Apparatus for Separating Para-Xylene From a Mixture of C8 and C9 Aromatic Hydrocarbons - The apparatus includes at least two adsorptive separation zones to separate para-xylene from a feed stream comprising C8 aromatic hydrocarbons and at least one C9 aromatic hydrocarbon component. The first adsorptive separation zone delivers a raffinate stream to a raffinate distillation zone and an extract stream to an extract distillation zone. The raffinate distillation zone delivers a stream to the second adsorptive separation zone and at least one of the extract distillation zone and raffinate distillation zone delivers a recycle stream to the first adsorptive separation zone.12-31-2009
20090324460Four-Train Catalytic Gasification Systems - Systems to convert a carbonaceous feedstock into a plurality of gaseous products are described. The systems include, among other units, four separate gasification reactors for the gasification of a carbonaceous feedstock in the presence of an alkali metal catalyst into the plurality of gaseous products including at least methane. Each of the gasification reactors may be supplied with the feedstock from a single or separate catalyst loading and/or feedstock preparation unit operations. Similarly, the hot gas streams from each gasification reactor may be purified via their combination at a heat exchanger, acid gas removal, or methane removal unit operations. Product purification may comprise trace contaminant removal units, ammonia removal and recovery units, and sour shift units.12-31-2009
20090324459Three-Train Catalytic Gasification Systems - Systems to convert a carbonaceous feedstock into a plurality of gaseous products are described. The systems include, among other units, three separate gasification reactors for the gasification of a carbonaceous feedstock in the presence of an alkali metal catalyst into the plurality of gaseous products including at least methane. Each of the gasification reactors may be supplied with the feedstock from a single or separate catalyst loading and/or feedstock preparation unit operations. Similarly, the hot gas streams from each gasification reactor may be purified via their combination at a heat exchanger, acid gas removal or methane removal unit operations. Product purification may comprise trace contaminant removal units, ammonia removal and recovery units, and sour shift units.12-31-2009
20090324458Two-Train Catalytic Gasification Systems - Systems for converting a carbonaceous feedstock into a plurality of gaseous products are described. The systems include, among other units, two separate gasification reactors to convert a carbonaceous feedstock in the presence of an alkali metal catalyst into the plurality of gaseous products including at least methane. Each of the gasification reactors may be supplied with the feedstock from a single or separate catalyst loading and/or feedstock preparation unit operations. Similarly, the hot gas streams from each gasification reactor may be purified via their combination at a heat exchanger, acid gas removal, or methane removal unit operations. Product purification may comprise trace contaminant removal units, ammonia removal and recovery units, and sour shift units.12-31-2009
20110150721REFINERY PROCESS UNIT FOR PRODUCING MIDDLE DISTILLATE - A refinery process unit, comprising a hydrocracker that produces C5+ isoparaffin, a FC cracker that produces a hydrocarbon stream comprising a C5+ olefin, and an ionic liquid alkylation reactor that produces a high yield of middle distillate.06-23-2011
20090208388INTEGRATED PROCESSES FOR GENERATING CARBON MONOXIDE FOR CARBON NANOMATERIAL PRODUCTION - The integrated processes of the dry reforming or partial oxidation upstream of the carbon nanotube-producing reactor are described allowing the carbon monoxide to be produced on an as-needed basis, negating the need to transport carbon monoxide to the production site or store large quantities of carbon monoxide on-site. The apparatuses allowing to carry out such integrated processes are also provided. Carbon dioxide emissions may be eliminated from the carbon nanotube production process. This may be achieved by recycling the carbon dioxide byproduct and mixing it with the feed to the partial oxidation process.08-20-2009
20110176970STAGED SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING PURIFIED HYDROGEN FROM A REACTION GAS MIXTURE COMPRISING A HYDROCARBON COMPOUND - The inventive stage system for producing hydrogen consists of at least two upstream/downstream stages, respectively, each of which comprises, optionally, a catalytic reactor (C07-21-2011
20080267842PROCESS AND APPARTUS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF USEFUL PRODUCTS FROM CARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK - A carbonaceous feedstock to alcohol conversion process in which carbon dioxide and a portion of the hydrogen produced are removed from the syngas stream issuing from a feedstock reformer, to yield a reduced hydrogen, carbon monoxide and methane syngas stream. The hydrogen and the carbon dioxide are passed through a Fischer Tropsch reactor which is catalyzed to favor the production of methanol. The methanol produced in the Fischer-Tropsch reactor is passed with the reduced hydrogen syngas through a second Fischer-Tropsch reactor which is catalyzed to favor the production of ethanol. Also disclosed, without limitation, are a unique catalyst, a method for controlling the content of the syngas formed in the feedstock reformer, and a feedstock handling system.10-30-2008
20110256033Devices And Methods Of Heat Removal From Exothermic High Temperature Reaction Processes - Devices and methods are presented in which heat transfer from the surface of a high-temperature exothermic reaction mass is removed while largely maintaining the temperature of the mass at a desired level by allowing heat to radiate from the surface of the reaction mass to a first absorber that forms part of a reactor vessel, from which the heat is then removed using a second absorber.10-20-2011
20110262316METHOD AND MOLECULAR DIAGNOSTIC DEVICE FOR DETECTION, ANALYSIS AND IDENTIFICATION OF GENOMIC DNA - At least one exemplary embodiment of the invention is directed to a molecular diagnostic device that comprises a cartridge configured to eject samples comprising genomic material into a microfluidic chip that comprises an amplification area, a detection area, and a matrix analysis area.10-27-2011
20100329942APPARATUS FOR MULTI-STAGED HYDROPROCESSING - Apparatuses for processing a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock flows are provided. In one aspect, the method includes providing two or more hydroprocessing stages disposed in sequence, each hydroprocessing stage having a hydroprocessing reaction zone with a hydrogen requirement and each stage in fluid communication with the preceding stage. A hydrogen source is provided substantially free of hydrogen from a hydrogen recycle compressor. The hydrocarbonaceous feedstock flow is separated into an portions of fresh feed for each hydroprocessing stage, and the first portion of fresh feed to the first hydroprocessing stage is heated. The heated first portion of fresh feed is supplied with hydrogen from the hydrogen source in an amount satisfying substantially all of the hydrogen requirements of the hydroprocessing stages to a first hydroprocessing zone. The unheated second portion of fresh feed is admixed with effluent from previous stage to quench the hot reactor effluent before entering a second stage.12-30-2010
20100329943DIGESTER WITH IMPROVED SPACE UTILIZATION AND/OR SAMPLE HOLDER - An apparatus is provided for digesting samples. The apparatus includes a vessel, a closure, and a fluid transporting system. The vessel has a digestion chamber therein that contains a sample holder, e.g., with a plurality of weights, the holder being accessible through a vessel opening. Typically, a vessel flange circumscribes the chamber at the chamber's opening, and the closure has a closure flange that may interface with the vessel flange to form a fluid-tight seal against a digestion pressure and temperature within the chamber. The fluid-transporting system may direct digestion fluid out of the digestion chamber through a submerged outlet port and back into the digestion chamber through an inlet port that traverses through the closure or the vessel flange. Such a fluid transporting system may be set up to allow the sample holder have a high volumetric capacity, e.g., at least 75% of the chamber.12-30-2010
20110020190SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING TRANSPORTATION FUELS FROM WASTE PLASTIC AND BIOMASS - The present invention is generally directed to methods and systems for producing biofuels via biomass, waste plastic, and/or Fischer-Tropsch product feeds. Such methods and systems are an improvement over the existing art at least in that they are feed-tolerant (i.e., allow for variability) and provide an economy of scale, while typically retaining the environmental benefits associated with such processing of such feeds.01-27-2011
20100166620System and process of biodiesel production - A system and process for continuous production of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from the fatty acid triglycerides of waste oil via transesterification in the presence of a reusable sugar-based catalyst. The system and process incorporates re-cycling and re-use of waste bi-product streams to result in a near-zero emissions, with a 97% product yield mix consisting of almost pure biodiesel and a very small percentage of impurities including glycerol.07-01-2010
20100196225INCREASED REDUCTANT DECOMPOSITION REACTOR ROBUSTNESS THROUGH THE USE OF A HYDROLYTIC CATALYST COATING - A means for increasing the robustness of a SCR after-treatment system is provided. Specifically, a hydrolysis catalyst coating is applied to multiple surfaces within a decomposition reactor to aid in urea and urea based deposit decomposition and mitigation of urea based deposits. The reactor includes an injector mount attached to a middle tube portion, an inlet tube, an outlet tube and a mixer. A hydrolysis catalyst coating is applied to an inner surface of the injector mount, an inner surface of the middle tube portion, an inner surface of the outlet tube and an outer edge of the mixer. The hydrolysis catalyst coating is capable of decomposing urea and urea based deposits that comes in contact with the hydrolysis catalyst coating and mitigates the formation of urea based deposits.08-05-2010
20090175769PROCESSING ASPHALTENE-CONTAINING TAILINGS - Embodiments of a method and a system for recovering energy, materials or both from asphaltene-containing tailings are disclosed. The asphaltene-containing tailings can be generated, for example, from a process for recovering hydrocarbons from oil sand. Embodiments of the method can include a flotation separation and a hydrophobic agglomeration separation. Flotation can be used to separate the asphaltene-containing tailings into an asphaltene-rich froth and an asphaltene-depleted aqueous phase. The asphaltene-rich froth, or an asphaltene-rich slurry formed from the asphaltene-rich froth, then can be separated into a heavy mineral concentrate and a light tailings. Hydrophobic agglomeration can be used to recover an asphaltene concentrate from the light tailings. Another flotation separation can be included to remove sulfur-containing minerals from the heavy mineral concentrate. Oxygen-containing minerals also can be recovered from the heavy mineral concentrate. Water removed by the various separation steps can be recycled and its heat energy recovered.07-09-2009
20100028223HYDROGEN-PRODUCING ASSEMBLIES - Hydrogen-producing fuel processing assemblies for producing hydrogen gas. The assemblies include a catalyst chamber, a heat source adapted to heat the catalyst chamber, a hydrogen-producing region within the catalyst chamber adapted to produce hydrogen gas from a feed stream, and a conductive guide structure within the catalyst chamber adapted to conduct and distribute heat from the heat source within the hydrogen-producing region and to direct fluid through the hydrogen-producing region. In some embodiments, the conductive guide structure includes a helical member. In some embodiments, the assembly further includes a vaporization region within the catalyst chamber. In some embodiments, the fuel processing assembly is adapted to produce hydrogen gas via a steam reforming or other endothermic reaction.02-04-2010
20120308441Method and Apparatus for Production of Electrical Energy and Liquid Hydrocarbons from Oil Sands/Bitumen, Biomass and Waste Products by Means of Thermal Anaerobic Gasification Gas Up-Grading - A method and apparatus for producing clean electrical energy, and liquid hydrocarbons, as well as various types of useable by-products from biomass, waste products and oil sand. Uniquely, the apparatus includes a plurality of inclined pyrolysis units arranged in tandem that are heated by the combination of an infra-red system and by heat produced by the pyrolysis units.12-06-2012
20110027141Aromatics Co-Production in a Methanol-to-Propylene Unit - The present invention provides a reactor system having: (1) a first reactor receiving an oxygenate component and a hydrocarbon component and capable of converting the oxygenate component into a light olefin and the hydrocarbon component into alkyl aromatic compounds; (2) a separator system for providing a first product stream containing a C02-03-2011
20110027140METHOD OF MAKING PHTHALIC ACID DIESTERS - Methods and systems for the production of phthalic acid diesters are described herein. The methods and systems incorporate the novel use of a high shear device to promote dispersion and mixing of a phthalic acid derivative with alcohol. The high shear device may allow for lower reaction temperatures and pressures and may also reduce reaction time with existing catalysts.02-03-2011
20090169443Catalysts, Reactors and Methods of Producing Hydrogen Via the Water-Gas Shift Reaction - The reaction of carbon monoxide with steam over an alkali-modified ruthenium-on-zirconia catalyst has been found to yield surprisingly high yields of hydrogen gas at relatively low temperatures. Catalyst structures, reactors, hydrogen production systems, and methods for producing hydrogen utilizing the alkali-modified ruthenium-on-zirconia catalyst are described. Methods of making catalysts are also described.07-02-2009
20110064623HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM - A moving disk type tube reactor is provided which can continuously pyrolyze waste type chips and prevent remainders produced by pyrolysis from being accumulated. The moving disk type tube reactor includes: a heating tube in which an inflow port and an outflow port for allowing high-temperature gas to flow in and out are formed at both ends thereof, respectively; a first transfer tube penetrating the heating tube and having an input port for inputting waste tire chips at one end thereof; a second transfer tube disposed parallel to the first transfer tube; a driving part disposed at the other end of the first and second transfer tubes, having a driving sprocket and a driving motor for driving the driving sprocket therein, and having a discharge port discharging oil vapor formed therein; a driven part disposed at one end of the first and second transfer tube, having a driven sprocket formed therein, and having a discharge port discharging pyrolyzed carbon black to the outside; a chain disposed to penetrate the first and second transfer tube and wound on the driving and driven sprockets to circulate; and a plurality of disks disposed along the chain.03-17-2011
20110318239Sulfur dioxide generator with aqueous gas mixer/aerator - An apparatus for burning sulfur to produce sulfur dioxide, which sulfur dioxide is associated with a multi-channel gas valve associated with other gas sources to selectively be blended each into water by a combination mixer/aerator to aerate water in one monde, admix sulfur dioxide with water to form sulfurous acid in another mode, and stir and mix water without gases in a third mode.12-29-2011
20120045371METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PYROLYSIS OF A BIOMASS - A method and apparatus for effective pyrolysis of a biomass utilizing rapid heat transfer from a solid heat carrier or catalyst. Particularly, various embodiments of the present invention provide methods and apparatuses which incorporate progressive temperature quenching and rapid disengagement of the heat carrier material and reaction product.02-23-2012
20120003127CATALYST SEPARATION SYSTEM - A catalyst separation system is provided with: a reactor where hydrocarbons are synthesized by a chemical reaction of a synthesis gas including carbon monoxide gas and hydrogen gas as main components, and a catalyst slurry having solid catalyst particles suspended in a liquid; filters which separate the hydrocarbons and the catalyst slurry; and a gas-liquid separator which separates the liquid hydrocarbons flowing out of the filter into gas hydrocarbons and liquid hydrocarbons.01-05-2012
20120009094SYSTEMS FOR INCREASING CATALYST CONCENTRATION IN HEAVY OIL AND/OR COAL RESID HYDROCRACKER - Systems for hydrocracking a heavy oil feedstock employ a colloidally or molecularly dispersed catalyst (e.g., molybdenum sulfide) which provide for concentration of the colloidally dispersed catalyst within the lower quality materials requiring additional hydrocracking. In addition to increased catalyst concentration, the inventive systems and methods provide increased reactor throughput, increased reaction rate, and of course higher conversion of asphaltenes and lower quality materials. Increased conversion levels of asphaltenes and lower quality materials also reduces equipment fouling, enables the reactor to process a wider range of lower quality feedstocks, and can lead to more efficient use of a supported catalyst if used in combination with the colloidal or molecular catalyst.01-12-2012
20120014846High Energy Reduction in a Propane Dehydrogenation Unit by Utilizing a High Pressure Product Splitter Column - An improved process for the production of olefins, and in particular for separation of olefins produced by a dehydrogenation process from paraffin feed stocks, is provided. A high pressure product splitter is used to separate olefins produced in a dehydrogenation plant from residual paraffin feed stocks. The use of a high pressure splitter to separate olefin products from paraffin feed stocks allows for recovery of a high purity olefin product with lower energy consumption compared to prior art processes. The process is particularly suited to separation of propylene from propane.01-19-2012
20080305019System for Separating a Waste Material and Hydrocarbon Gas from a Produced Gas and Injecting the Waste Material into a Well - Produced natural gas containing carbon dioxide is dehydrated and chilled to liquefy the carbon dioxide and then fractionated to produce a waste stream of liquid carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Natural gas liquids may be first separated and removed before fractionation. After fractionation, the waste stream is pressurized and transmitted to a remote injection well for injection either for disposal of the waste stream and preferably to urge hydrocarbons toward the producing well. A hydrocarbon stream proceeds from fractionation to a methanol absorber system which removes carbon dioxide gas. The hydrocarbon stream is thereafter separated into at least hydrocarbon gas, nitrogen and helium. Some of the nitrogen is reintroduced into a fractionation tower to enhance the recovery of hydrocarbons. A methanol recovery system is provided to recover and reuse the methanol. The hydrocarbons are sold as natural gas and the helium is recovered and sold. Excess nitrogen is vented.12-11-2008
20110064624Apparatus for target compound treatment - An apparatus adapted to treat at least one target compound comprising a housing through which fluid may pass; a receiving zone defined within the housing; disposed after the receiving zone within the housing, a destruction zone in which an aqueous solution containing at least one target compound is exposed to a destruction agent, the destruction agent adapted to convert the target compound into destruction byproducts; disposed after the destruction zone, a filtration zone containing a filtration agent adapted to remove the destruction byproducts from the solution; liquid disposal means for receiving solution from the filtration zone; and solid disposal means for receiving solids from the filtration zone, whereby, the target compound is first converted to byproducts, then the byproducts are filtered out of the solution, preventing target compounds from entering wastewater systems and ultimately re-entering the water supply. Physical embodiments of the invention include an in-line version for mounting under a sink; a version mounted near a sink and in communication with plumbing, but not in-line; a version that is transportable within a cart; and a toilet-mounted version for removing target compound from urine. Docking stations may be provided for collection of target compounds, which stations then releasably communicate with the apparatus to transfer collected target compounds from the station to the apparatus. Various agents and processes are disclosed for destroying target compounds and for filtering byproducts.03-17-2011
20120058022CVD-Siemens Monosilane Reactor Process with Complete Utilization of Feed Gases and Total Recycle - The present invention relates to a monosilane (SiH03-08-2012
20120058023MULTIFUNCTIONAL MODULE - The present invention relates to a multifunctional module comprising one or more units selected from the group consisting of reactor units, filter units, membrane units, reactor-separator units, clarificator units, purificator units, extractor units, and mixer units. The units are connected parallel or in series or both to each other, and each unit has at least one member having a surface, which surface is rotating with the member. The member is rotating around an axis making the unit operate under centrifugal force. One or more chambers for fluids are co-rotating with the rotating member. The present invention relates further to units which could be used in a spinning multifunctional module, and use of a spinning multifunctional module.03-08-2012
20120156107PROCESS FOR THE WORKING-UP OF A VITAMIN E- AND VITAMIN E-ACETATE-CONTAINING MIXTURE OR PRODUCT STREAM - A rectification column and system for the working-up of a vitamin E (VE)- and/or vitamin E acetate (VEA)-containing product stream includes purification of a vitamin E-containing product stream, acetylation of at least a part of the purified vitamin E and purification of at least a part of the acetylated vitamin E, the purification of vitamin E and vitamin E acetate preferably being effected by distillation, for example rectification.06-21-2012
20120156109SYSTEMS FOR FUEL PRODUCTION - Presented are one or more aspects and/or one or more embodiments of catalysts, methods of preparation of catalyst, methods of deoxygenation, and methods of fuel production.06-21-2012
20120107189Direct Stripping Cyclone - Systems and methods for the separation of a particulate-fluid suspension are provided. An apparatus for the separation of a particulate-fluid suspension can include an enclosed vessel having two or more sections disposed coaxially along a common longitudinal centerline, wherein a first section has a first cross sectional area and a second section has a second cross sectional area. A plurality of apertures can be disposed about the second section. The apparatus can have a cylindrical surface, parallel to the longitudinal centerline of the apparatus, disposed within the first section. A fluid distribution channel having a plurality of apertures can be disposed either about an exterior surface or an interior of the apparatus. A plurality of fluid conduits can provide fluid communication between the fluid distribution channel and the plurality of apertures distributed about the second section.05-03-2012
20120156108PRECURSOR DELIVERY SYSTEM - A precursor source vessel comprises a vessel body, a passage within the vessel body, and a valve attached to a surface of the body. An internal chamber is adapted to contain a chemical reactant, and the passage extends from outside the body to the chamber. The valve regulates flow through the passage. The vessel has inlet and outlet valves, and optionally a vent valve for venting internal gas. An external gas panel can include at least one valve fluidly interposed between the outlet valve and a substrate reaction chamber. Gas panel valves can each be positioned along a plane that is generally parallel to, and no more than about 10.0 cm from, a flat surface of the vessel. Filters in a vessel lid or wall filter gas flow through the vessel's valves. A quick-connection assembly allows fast and easy connection of the vessel to a gas panel.06-21-2012
20120107190APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING TRICHLOROSILANE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING TRICHLOROSILANE - An apparatus for producing trichlorosilane includes: a decomposing furnace, a heating unit heating the inside of the decomposing furnace, a raw material supplying tube for guiding polymer and hydrogen chloride to be guided to the inner bottom portion of the decomposing furnace, and a gas discharge tube for discharging reaction gas from the top of the reaction chamber provided between the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace, a fin, which guides a fluid mixture of the polymer and the hydrogen chloride supplied from the lower end opening of the raw material supplying tube to be agitated and rise upward in the reaction chamber, and is formed integrally with at least one of the outer peripheral surface of the raw material supplying tube and the inner peripheral surface of the decomposing furnace.05-03-2012
20120251405Dispensing contact lens cleaning liquid - The eyes of a contact lens wearer are protected from the effects of a liquid disinfecting solution by providing a contact lens container having a catalyst therein and a container of the disinfecting solution of unusual design. The openings of the contact lens container and the solution container are configured so only the contact lens container is able to receive solution from the solution container. This prevents the user from directly removing disinfecting solution from the solution container and thereby prevents the user from directly applying the disinfecting solution to the eye.10-04-2012
20100092351Molecular Sieve and Catalyst Incorporating the Sieve - One exemplary embodiment can be a molecular sieve for a catalyst for isomerizing xylenes. Generally, the molecular sieve, including at least one of an MFI, MEL, FER, MOR, TON, MTW, EUO, and MTT zeolite, can include: 04-15-2010
20120315198PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF AN ALKYLENE CARBONATE AND AN ALKYLENE GLYCOL - The invention provides a reaction system for the production of an alkylene carbonate comprising: an epoxidation zone containing an epoxidation catalyst located within an epoxidation reactor; a carboxylation zone containing an bromide-containing carboxylation catalyst located within an alkylene oxide absorber; and one or more purification zones containing a purification absorbent capable of reducing the quantity of bromide-containing impurities in a feed comprising a recycle gas, which purification zones are located upstream from the epoxidation zone; and a process for the production of an alkylene carbonate and an alkylene glycol.12-13-2012
20120315197SYSTEM FOR REMOVING POLAR COMPONENTS FROM A PROCESS STREAM TO PREVENT HEAT LOSS - A system for removing polar components from a process stream in a refinery process without cooling the stream is disclosed. The stream is fed to a first adsorber unit to remove contaminants containing sulfur from the stream at substantially the same elevated temperature. The stream is processed within the first adsorber unit by exposing the stream to at least one of a metal oxide and a mixed metal oxide to remove the sulfur containing contaminants and produce a metal sulfide and a desulfurized stream. The desulfurized stream is then fed through a second adsorber unit to remove contaminants containing nitrogen from the stream at substantially the same elevated temperature. The stream is processed within the second adsorber unit by exposing the stream to at least one of a molecular sieve and zeolites to remove nitrogen containing contaminants from the stream.12-13-2012
20100247404MULTI LAYER PLEATABLE FILTER MEDIUM - A filter media and a pleated filter with a first layer of filtration media, a layer of support material and a second layer of filtration media on the opposite side of the support material as the first layer of filter media. All three layers are laminated together and pleated. The support material provides the required stiffness and rigidity for the pleating process. The physical characteristics of the upstream layer of filtration media are contemplated to be different than the characteristics of the downstream layer of filtration media.09-30-2010
20100247405GAS HYDRATE PRODUCTION APPARATUS - The invention provides a gas hydrate production apparatus which can eliminate the need for an agitator in a generator, and at the same time, can make constant the percentage of gas hydration of the product. A shell-and-tube-type generator 09-30-2010
20120128544DEVICE MAKING PHOSPHORUS BY THERMAL PROCESS - The present invention discloses an apparatus for thermally refining phosphorus. The apparatus comprises: a melting furnace for melting rock phosphate into melts, including a feed port and a melt outlet; and a reduction-oxidation furnace including a furnace body which gas a melt inlet, a slag outlet, and a fume outlet, and a blow gun, wherein the melt inlet and the melt outlet are in communication with each other and wherein the blow gun has an end inserted into the furnace body. The content of impurities in fumes containing phosphorus pentaoxide is low, and the phosphorus pentaoxide can be easily extracted with a high purity of the phosphorus pentaoxide and at low cost by means of the apparatus for thermally refining phosphorus according to the present invention.05-24-2012
20110182779Capture and Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide in Flue Gases - There is provided a process for the capture and sequestration of carbon dioxide that would otherwise enter the atmosphere and contribute to global warming and other problems. CO07-28-2011
20110182778GASIFICATION SYSTEM AND PROCESS WITH STAGED SLURRY ADDITION - A system and process for gasifying carbonaceous feedstock with staged slurry addition in order to prevent the formation of tar that causes deposition problems. Dry solid carbonaceous material is partially combusted, then pyrolysed along with a first slurry stream comprising carbonaceous material in two separate reactor sections, thereby producing mixture products comprising synthesis gas. The second slurry stream comprising particulate carbonaceous material is fed to a drying unit downstream of a heat recovery zone along with the mixture product exiting the heat recovery zone The resulting final temperature of the second stage mixture products and dried particulate carbonaceous material is between 450° F. and 550° F., a temperature range that is typically not conducive to the emission of heavy molecular-weight tar species.07-28-2011
20120251406Process for Isomerizing a Non-Equilibrium Alkylaromatic Feed Mixture and an Aromatic Production Facility - One exemplary embodiment can be a process for the isomerization of a non-equilibrium alkylaromatic feed mixture. The process can include contacting the non-equilibrium alkylaromatic feed mixture in a C8 isomerization zone. The C8 isomerization zone may include a first isomerization stage and a second isomerization stage. At the first isomerization stage, at least a portion of the non-equilibrium alkylaromatic feed mixture can be contacted at a first isomerization condition in a liquid phase in the substantial absence of hydrogen to obtain an intermediate stream. At the second isomerization stage, at least part of the intermediate stream and at least a part of a stream rich in at least one naphthene can be contacted at a second isomerization condition to obtain a concentration of at least one alkylaromatic isomer that is higher than a concentration of that at least one alkylaromatic isomer in the non-equilibrium alkylaromatic feed mixture.10-04-2012
20120171083APPARATUS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN - An apparatus for generating hydrogen including a housing, a reservoir, and a piston is provided. The housing has a top wall, a bottom wall, and a sidewall. The top wall has vents and a protrudent column extending to the interior of the housing. At least one vent communicates with the top wall and the protrudent column and rest of the vents surround the protrudent column. The reservoir is disposed in the housing for storing a solid state reactant and divides the housing into a first chamber and a second chamber. The first chamber is located between the top wall and the reservoir. The second chamber is located between the bottom wall and the reservoir for storing a liquid reactant. The piston is disposed on the bottom wall. The piston is used to push the liquid reactant towards the reservoir to react with the solid state reactant to generate hydrogen.07-05-2012
20120213676Process for the Production of Ammonia Synthesis Gas With Improved Cryogenic Purification - A process and related equipment for producing ammonia synthesis gas are disclosed, wherein a raw syngas (08-23-2012
20120076704CATALYSTS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION - A system for producing hydrogen features a reactor including a reaction channel adapted to receive a reaction stream including a mixture of supercritical water and a hydrocarbon fuel. A catalyst is positioned in the reaction channel so that a product stream containing hydrogen is produced by a reaction in the reaction channel when the mixture is exposed to the catalyst; wherein the catalyst contains a catalytically active metal and a promoter in a metal format, selected from the group consisting of potassium, sodium, rubidium, lithium, cesium, beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, and barium.03-29-2012
20120177544SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF NITROBENZENE - A system for production of nitrobenzene that may include a high shear device configured to produce a nanoemulsion having benzene particles dispersed in a mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid, wherein the particles have a mean diameter of less than about 1.5 microns; a pump configured to deliver a pressurized liquid stream to the high shear device; and a vessel operated under a pressure of greater than 304 kPa and less than 6080 kPa, the vessel configured to receive the nanoemulsion from the high shear device.07-12-2012
20120177543MICROFLUIDIC REACTOR SYSTEM - A compact device for operatively coupling a solid planar substrate, for example a glass slide, to a microfluidic circuit and performing a reaction or reactions on organic matter bound to the face of the planar substrate. Typical reactions include binding, staining and/or labeling reactions. In use, a sealed reaction chamber is formed, the chamber enclosing the organic matter and at least a part of the solid substrate. Headspace in the sealed chamber between the solid substrate is generally of microfluidic dimensions, and diaphragm pump members are used to inject, exchange and/or mix the fluids in the chamber.07-12-2012
20100272618PRODUCTION OF ETHYLENE OXIDE - Process for the recovery of ethylene oxide (EO) from fat absorbent (FA) which comprises providing a feed of elevated temperature FA to an EO Stripper, providing a stripping gas feed and contacting the stripping gas feed at elevated temperature with the elevated temperature FA feed, obtaining stripped lean absorbent (LA) and an EO-containing gas, and providing one or more external process stream feeds to the EO Stripper at a location above the elevated temperature FA feed and at a lower temperature with respect to the elevated temperature FA feed thereby concentrating EO in the EO-containing gas. The process can also include one or more impurity removal stages in the form of one or more side draws from the EO Stripper or an EO Stripper Concentrator. The invention also includes an apparatus for performing the process.10-28-2010
20120258017SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF FATTY ACIDS AND WAX ALTERNATIVES FROM TRIGLYCERIDES - A system for stripping fatty acids from triglycerides, the system including a reactor; a heating apparatus whereby a contents of the reactor may be heated to a temperature in the range of from 200° C. to 600° C.; and a vacuum pump capable of pulling a vacuum in the range of from 1 kPa to 50 kPa on the reactor.10-11-2012
20120082594APPARATUS FOR PURIFYING CARBON NANOTUBES - Provided is a continuous method and apparatus of purifying carbon nanotubes. The continuous method and apparatus of purifying carbon nanotubes is characterized in a first purifying step for injecting a carbon nanotube liquid mixture containing an oxidizer into a purifying reactor under a sub-critical water or supercritical water condition at a pressure of 50 to 400 atm and a temperature of 100 to 600° C. to obtain a purified product, thereby removing amorphous carbon and producing the carbon nanotube product.04-05-2012
20120082593Coal Liquefaction System - The present disclosure relates to a coal liquefaction system for utilizing a hydrogenated vegetable oil to liquefy coal. The system includes a reactor for exposing a coal to a hydrogenated vegetable oil in the presence of a coal-derived solvent to form a slurry, a heater that elevates the temperature of the slurry in the reactor to facilitate liquefying the coal and liberating a volatile matter, and a centrifuge that separates the insoluble components from the slurry to obtain a de-ashed coal extract, wherein the coal extract is suitable for downstream processing. The system may also include a distillation column that distills the de-ashed coal extract to obtain a pitch. The system may also include a coker that cokes at least one of the de-ashed coal extract and the pitch to obtain a coke04-05-2012
20110123406HYDROCARBON CONVERSION PROCESS - A process is provided to produce an ultra low sulfur diesel with less than about 10 ppm sulfur using a two-phase or liquid-phase continuous reaction zone to convert a diesel boiling range distillate preferably obtained from a mild hydrocracking unit. In one aspect, the diesel boiling range distillate is introduced once-through to the liquid-phase continuous reaction zone over-saturated with hydrogen in an amount effective so that the liquid phase remains substantially saturated with hydrogen throughout the reaction zone as the reactions proceed.05-26-2011
20120230881HONEYCOMB FILTERS FOR REDUCING NOx AND PARTICULATE MATTER IN DIESEL ENGINE EXHAUST - Particulate filters for reducing NO09-13-2012
20120230882SLURRY COLUMN GASOLINE ALKYLATION USING GAS PHASE OLEFIN INJECTION - Alkylation systems and processes are provided herein that include a slurry reactor. The slurry reactor receives a reactor feed slurry including catalyst and liquid isobutane, a olefin feed, and a circulating reactor vapor stream, where the slurry reactor produces a reactor liquid effluent stream, the reactor liquid effluent stream including catalyst, isobutane, and a liquid alkylate product. The catalyst in the reactor feed slurry can be regenerated catalyst from a catalyst regenerator. The catalyst can be regenerated after being removed from the liquid alkylate product and isobutane in the reactor liquid effluent stream.09-13-2012
20080299018BIOMASS TO LIQUIDS PROCESS - The present invention relates to a biorefinery system for conserving resources, whereby the system has a refining unit, at least one bio-oil unit, and a host site.12-04-2008
20120321528PULSE JET SYSTEM AND METHOD - A pulse jet system and method is disclosed. In an example, the pulse jet system includes a combustion chamber, intake ports to deliver combustion agents to the combustion chamber, an expansion chamber to cool a combustion product following combustion of the combustion agents in the combustion chamber, and an exhaust to exit the cooled gas from the expansion chamber. In another example, the pulse jet system includes a combustion chamber with intake ports to deliver combustion agents to the combustion chamber, wherein the combustion chamber is part of a four cycle engine. The pulse jet system also includes an expansion chamber to cool a combustion product following combustion of the combustion agents in the combustion chamber.12-20-2012
20090220391Distribution Device for a Gas-Liquid Phase Mixutre for Apparatus - A shell-and-tube reactor is disclosed. Contact tubes are disposed within a cylindrical housing and are secured to tube plates. Gas and liquid phases are received via a feed opening in a lower end cap and discharged via an upper end cap in the housing. A distributor device for a gas phase/liquid phase mixture is disposed below the lowermost tube plate. The distributor device includes a distributor plate and a predistributor. The distributor plate is arranged horizontally within the housing and includes an active area having through-openings and a downward-extending margin, but does not extend over the entire cross section of the housing. The predistributor includes a second distributor plate disposed between the feed opening and the first distributor plate, wherein the second distributor plate includes a second active area with second through-openings and a second downward-extending margin.09-03-2009
20110236274Upflow reactor featuring controlled recirculation of biomass - An upflow reactor is provided that includes a reactor tank, conduits, a waste water distributor, at least one first flotation separator and an optional second flotation separator for separating reactor water, biomass, and biogas, a collection device, and a gas separator for separating biomass and biogas. The first flotation separator includes one or more gas domes that are connected to the collection device and have outlets, the cross-sectional area or geometry of which can be controlled using movable covers.09-29-2011
20110236273MICROFLUIDIC EXTRACTION AND REACTION DEVICE - A microfluidic arrangement for extracting and optionally processing an extract from a sample and for transferring the extract in flowable form to a microfluidic chip using an extractor with a compressible extraction chamber and at least one opening thereof, a reactor that has a reaction chamber, an inlet opening that communicates with the at least one opening of the extractor, wherein the two openings define a flow path between the chambers, an outlet opening for fluidically connecting to the microfluidic chip and a ventilation opening of the reaction chamber, and having a filter arrangement installed in the flow path between the extractor and the reactor. A lab-on-a-chip system with such a microfluidic arrangement and a microfluidic chip that is rigidly connected to the reactor.09-29-2011
20120093698Production of Biodiesel Fuels Which Are Low in Glycerin and Sulfur - The present invention relates to a process and apparatus for the production of carboxylic acid esters and/or biodiesel fuel from feedstocks containing fatty acids, glycerated fatty acids, and glycerin by reactive distillation. Specifically, in one embodiment, the present invention relates to the production of biodiesel fuels having low glycerin, water, and sulfur content on an industrial scale.04-19-2012
20110293487DEVICE AND A METHOD FOR CARRYING OUT CHEMICAL AND/OR PHYSICAL REACTIONS BETWEEN A SOLID MATERIAL AND A GAS AS WELL AS A PLANT FOR CEMENT MANUFACTURE - The device according to the invention for carrying out chemical and/or physical reactions between a solid material and a gas, in particular for the preheating, cooling and/or calcining of fine-grain materials, essentially comprises at least one helical and/or spiral conduit, in which the gas-solid material suspension is separated by centrifugal forces into a solid material flow and a gas flow, and, connected to the end of the helical and/or spiral conduit, at least one separation region, to which a solid material conduit for discharging the solid material flow and a gas conduit for discharging the gas flow are connected. The separation region is here formed by a lower part of the gas conduit, the separation region in the region of the junction of the helical and/or spiral conduit and the part of the gas conduit above and adjoining it having the same diameter. To form a swirling flow, the helical and/or spiral conduit opens out tangentially and at an angle to the horizontal of at least 30° into the separation region.12-01-2011
20120328481Gas Generating Device and Method of Manufacturing Gas Generating Device - Disclosed is a device for generating a volume of gas from solid and liquid generates. In one particular embodiment, a volume of nitrogen gas is generated by combining the output of Sodium Azide and liquid nitrogen. A vacuum is initially maintained about the liquid nitrogen container by way of a dewar jacket. The present disclosure also relates to a method of manufacturing the disclosed gas generating device.12-27-2012
20120328482Production of EB from Toluene and Methane - A process for making ethylbenzene and/or styrene by reacting toluene with methane is disclosed. In one embodiment the process can include reacting toluene with methane to form a product stream comprising ethylbenzene and further processing the ethylbenzene to form styrene in an existing styrene production facility.12-27-2012
20130022515APPARATUS FOR THE GENERATION OF CHLORINE DIOXIDE - The instant application provides apparatus and methods for the generation of chlorine dioxide. The methods and apparatus of the invention use a water dissolvable membrane to allow the reaction of precursor chemicals, e.g., chlorite salt and an acid. The methods and compositions of the invention provide chlorine dioxide for a number of personal and commercial applications.01-24-2013
20080241018Nanocarbon generating equipment - There is disclosed a nanocarbon generating equipment which is designed to execute a process wherein an organic processed material is thermally decomposed at first and then the decomposed matter is cooled and liquefied. The apparatus comprising a thermal reactor for thermally decomposing the organic processed material, a recovering device which is configured to cool and liquefy a decomposed organic processed material and to recover a liquefied product, and a high-temperature furnace for treating the liquefied product, wherein impurities contained in the liquefied product is removed and the resultant liquefied product is introduced into the high-temperature furnace kept in a reducing atmosphere to generate nanocarbon through a vapor-phase growth.10-02-2008
20130171040REACTION DEVICE FOR PRODUCING HYDROCARBONS FROM SYNTHESIS GAS - Disclosed is a reaction device for producing hydrocarbons from synthesis gas, in which hydrocarbons, olefins, oxygenates, etc., are produced over a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by using synthesis gas, so that catalyst particles can easily be from a slurry which is discharged to the outside. That is, the present invention provides a reaction device for producing hydrocarbons from synthesis gas, in which an internal filter system for separating particles enlarged due to a agglomeration phenomenon of a catalyst is installed inside the reactor, and an separating device is separately disposed outside, such that it is possible to recirculate only particles having a size appropriate for performing F-T synthesis in the slurry phase, and additionally, it is possible to effectively discharge and process a catalyst aggregated due to a combination of fine catalyst particles, the catalyst chipped off during the operation, etc., liquid hydrocarbon, resulting water, etc., in the slurry phase reactor.07-04-2013
20130171039METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCING REDUCED RESID AND BOTTOMLESS PRODUCTS FROM HYDROCARBON FEEDSTOCKS - The present invention is directed to the upgrading of heavy petroleum oils of high viscosity and low API gravity that are typically not suitable for pipelining without the use of diluents. The method comprises introducing a particulate heat carrier into an up-flow reactor, introducing the feedstock at a location above the entry of the particulate heat carrier, allowing the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock to interact with the heat carrier for a short time, separating the vapors of the product stream from the particulate heat carrier and liquid and byproduct solid matter, collecting a gaseous and liquid product mixture comprising a mixture of a light fraction and a heavy fraction from the product stream, and using a vacuum tower to separate the light fraction as a substantially bottomless product and the heavy fraction from the product mixture07-04-2013
20120251404PURIFYING CARBON DIOXIDE USING ACTIVATED CARBON - Carbon dioxide-containing feed stream such as flue gas is treated to produce a high-purity carbon dioxide stream by a series of steps including removing SOx and NOx with activated carbon, carrying out subambient-temperature processing to produce a product stream and a vent stream, and treating the vent stream by pressure swing adsorption or by physical or chemical absorption to produce a product stream which is recycled to the feed stream.10-04-2012
20120251403APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING DIESEL - An apparatus is disclosed for hydrocracking hydrocarbon feed in a hydrocracking unit and hydrotreating a diesel product from the hydrocracking unit in a hydrotreating unit. The hydrocracking unit and the hydrotreating unit shares the same recycle gas compressor. A warm separator separates recycle gas and hydrocarbons from diesel in the hydrotreating effluent, so fraction of the diesel is relatively simple. The warm separator also keeps the diesel product separate from the more sulfurous diesel in the hydrocracking effluent, and still retains heat needed for fractionation of lighter components from the low sulfur diesel product.10-04-2012
20130101476TWO STAGE DRY FEED GASIFICATION SYSTEM - A dry feed two stage gasification system and process is disclosed for gasifying feedstock such as carbonaceous materials with improved energy efficiency, along with reductions in feedstock consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. The feedstock is first dried and pretreated with the hot syngas in the upper section of the gasifier to generate a dry char that is low in volatile-matter content. This dry char is sent to the first stage of a two stage gasifier where it reacts with oxygen in the presence of steam to produce a hot syngas stream.04-25-2013
20130101475PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING DIESEL - A process and apparatus are disclosed for hydrocracking hydrocarbon feed in a hydrocracking unit and hydrotreating a diesel product from the hydrocracking unit in a hydrotreating unit. The hydrocracking unit and the hydrotreating unit share the same recycle gas compressor. A make-up hydrogen stream may also be compressed in the recycle gas compressor. A warm separator separates recycle gas and hydrocarbons from diesel in the hydrotreating effluent, so fraction of the diesel is relatively simple. The warm separator also keeps the diesel product separate from the more sulfurous diesel in the hydrocracking effluent, and still retains heat needed for fractionation of lighter components from the low sulfur diesel product.04-25-2013
20130101477NON-WOVEN ELECTRET FIBROUS WEBS AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME - Non-woven electret fibrous webs including electret fibers, multicomponent fibers, and sorbent particles, and pleated filters made therefrom.04-25-2013
20130156656Integrated Process For Steam Cracking - This invention relates to a process and system for cracking hydrocarbon feedstock containing vacuum resid comprising: (a) subjecting a vacuum resid to a first thermal conversion in a thermal conversion reactor (such as delayed coker, fluid coker, Flexicoker™, visbreaker and catalytic hydrovisbreaker) where at least 30 wt % of the vacuum resid is converted to material boiling below 1050° F. (566° C.); (b) introducing said thermally converted resid to a vapor/liquid separator, said separator being integrated into a steam cracking furnace, to form a vapor phase and liquid phase; (c) passing said vapor phase to the radiant furnace in said steam cracking furnace; and (d) recovering at least 30 wt % olefins from the material exiting the radiant furnace (based upon the weight of the total hydrocarbon material exiting the radiant furnace).06-20-2013
20110211998SELECTIVE, INTEGRATED PROCESSING OF BIO-DERIVED ESTER SPECIES TO YIELD LOW MOLECULAR WEIGHT HYDROCARBONS AND HYDROGEN FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BIOFUELS - The present invention relates to methods and systems for processing biomass to selectively yield a variety of hydrocarbon molecules and hydrogen as products, wherein some or all of these products can be further utilized for other biomass processing sub-processes, particularly wherein they lead to the generation of biofuels and/or other high-value products.09-01-2011
20110256034Apparatus for the Synthesis of Anhydrous Hydrogen Halide and Anhydrous Carbon Dioxide - An apparatus for the synthesis of anhydrous hydrogen halide fluids from organic halide fluids, such as perfluorocarbon fluids and refrigerant fluids, and anhydrous carbon dioxide for the environmentally safe disposition thereof.10-20-2011
20130149210METHODS AND UNITS FOR MITIGATION OF CARBON OXIDES DURING HYDROTREATING - This invention relates to methods and units for mitigation of carbon oxides during hydrotreating hydrocarbons including mineral oil based streams and biological oil based streams. A hydrotreating unit includes a first hydrotreating reactor for receiving a mineral oil based hydrocarbon stream and forming a first hydrotreated product stream, and a second hydrotreating reactor for receiving a biological oil based hydrocarbon stream and forming a second hydrotreated product stream.06-13-2013
20120275965ISOLATOR - An isolator includes: a chamber to be decontaminated including an inlet provided with an intake filter and an outlet provided with a discharge filter; a first flow path through which outside air is taken into the chamber via the intake filter; a second flow path through which gas in the chamber is discharged via the discharge filter; a blower configured to take in the outside air to the chamber through the first flow path, as well as produce an air current to discharge the gas in the chamber through the second flow path; a decontaminating gas supply unit configured to supply decontaminating gas into the chamber without flowing through the intake filter and the discharge filter; and a third flow path through which the gas in the chamber is discharged via the intake filter when the decontaminating gas is supplied into the chamber.11-01-2012
20120282150ALKYLATION PROCESS UNIT FOR PRODUCING HIGH QUALITY GASOLINE BLENDING COMPONENTS IN TWO MODES - We provide an alkylation process unit, comprising: a control system connected to an alkylation reactor, that enables the alkylation reactor to operate in both an alkylate mode that produces a gasoline blending component having a RON of 90 or higher and in a distillate mode that produces a second gasoline blending component having a RON of 85 or higher.11-08-2012
20120282149APPARATUS FOR THE DECOMPOSITION OF NON-CONVERTED AMMONIUM CARBAMATE IN UREA SOLUTIONS IN A UREA SYNTHESIS PROCESS - An apparatus used for the decomposition of non-converted ammonium carbamate in a supplied urea solution in a urea stripping synthesis section. The apparatus comprises a number of heat exchanger tubes between a top chamber and a bottom chamber, a liquid distributor mounted on each heat exchanger tube and a gas/liquid separator together with a perforated basket at the centre of the top chamber.11-08-2012
20120282148REGENERATION AND RECYCLING EQUIPMENT FOR FERROUS METAL - The present invention discloses ferrous metal recycling and regeneration equipment. In the equipment, the recycled ferrous metal is stored in recycled material storage tank, and in acid dissolving tank, acidic solution is added, then ferrous metal is poured in to remove non-ferrous metal impurity, then impurity is filtered through first filtering device, ferrous metal solution is then led to mixing tank, then in mixing tank, element phosphorus (P) is added so that P and Fe can compound into Ferric Phosphate (FePO11-08-2012
20130121890PHOTOCATALYST-CONTAINING FILTER MATERIAL, AND PHOTOCATALYST FILTER INCLUDING THE FILTER MATERIAL - A filter material containing a photocatalyst that has both adsorption and decomposition functions is disclosed. A filter employing the filter material is also disclosed.05-16-2013
20110311406Methane Venting System - A subsoil methane collection and treatment system (12-22-2011
20110311405 SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING METHACRYLIC ACID - A system and process for separating methacrolein (MA) from methacrylic acid (MAA) and acetic acid in the gas phase product from partial oxidation of isobutylene (IB) in two oxidation steps is disclosed. The process and system maximize recovery of all three components at minimum capital and energy cost, under conditions that minimize polymerization conditions and plugging by solids deposition in compressors, columns, etc.12-22-2011
20120020846INTEGRATED BIOREFINERY FOR PRODUCTION OF LIQUID FUELS - A system for the production of conversion products from synthesis gas, the system including a mixing apparatus configured for mixing steam with at least one carbonaceous material to produce a reformer feedstock; a reformer configured to produce, from the reformer feedstock, a reformer product comprising synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from the reformer feedstock; a synthesis gas conversion apparatus configured to catalytically convert at least a portion of the synthesis gas in the reformer product into synthesis gas conversion product and to separate from the synthesis gas conversion product a tailgas comprising at least one gas selected from the group consisting of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and methane; and one or more recycle lines fluidly connecting the synthesis gas conversion apparatus with the mixing apparatus, the reformer, or both.01-26-2012
20130195732METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONVERTING ORGANIC MATERIAL - The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for intensifying the energy content of an organic material by converting the material into hydrocarbons and the resulting product thereof. A method for converting an organic material into hydrocarbon fuels is disclosed. The method comprising the steps of pressurising said organic material being in a fluid to a pressure above 225 bar, heating said organic material in said fluid to a temperature above 200 C in the presence of a homogeneous catalyst comprising a compound of at least one element of group IA of the periodic table of elements. The disclosed method further comprises the steps of contacting said organic material in said fluid with a heterogeneous catalyst comprising a compound of at least one element of group IVB of the periodic table and/or alpha-alumina assuring that said fluid has initially a pH value of above 7.08-01-2013
20120294775TAR-FREE GASIFICATION SYSTEM AND PROCESS - A novel tar-free gasification process and system is disclosed that involves the partial combustion of recycled dry solids and the drying of a slurry feedstock comprising carbonaceous material in two separate reactor zones in a two stage gasifier, thereby producing mixture products comprising synthesis gas. The synthesis gas produced from the high temperature first stage reaction zone is then quenched in the second stage reaction zone of the gasifier prior to introduction of a slurry feedstock. The temperature of the final syngas exiting the second stage reaction zone of the gasifier is thereby moderated to be in the range of about 350-900° F., which is below the temperature range at which tar is readily formed, depending upon the type of carbonaceous feedstock utilized.11-22-2012
20130202497PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR RECOVERY OF DICHLOROHYDRINS VIA CODISTILLATION - A process and apparatus for recovering dichlorohydrins from a mixture comprising dichlorohydrins, one or more compounds selected from esters of dichlorohydrins, monochlorohydrins and/or esters thereof, and multihydroxylated-aliphatic hydrocarbon compounds and/or esters thereof, and optionally one or more substances comprising water, chlorinating agents, catalysts and/or esters of catalysts is disclosed. The mixture is stripped to recover dichlorohydrin(s) while distilling or fractionating the mixture to separate a lower boiling fraction comprising dichlorohydrin(s) from the mixture in one step. Advantages include more efficient recovery of dichlorohydrins for a given distillation column, less waste due to avoiding the conditions conducive to the formation of heavy byproducts, and reduced capital investment in recovery equipment.08-08-2013
20120076703Modular Coal Liquefaction System - The present disclosure provides methods and systems of a modular coal liquefaction system. A modular coal liquefaction system may include a reactor for exposing a coal to a hydrogenated vegetable oil in the presence of a coal-derived solvent to form a slurry, a heater that elevates the temperature of the slurry in the reactor to facilitate liquefying the coal and liberating a volatile matter, and a centrifuge that separates the insoluble components from the slurry to obtain a de-ashed coal extract, wherein the coal extract is suitable for downstream processing, wherein the reactor, heater, and centrifuge are adapted to be modular. The system may further include a distillation column that distills the de-ashed coal extract to obtain a pitch. The system may further include a coker that cokes at least one of the de-ashed coal extract and the pitch to obtain a coke. The system may be adapted to be modularly disposed on a rail car. The system may be adapted to be modularly disposed on a semi-truck trailer.03-29-2012
20120087843Hydrogen Generator - A hydrogen generator (04-12-2012
20130209324APPARATUS FOR PREPARING AN IONIC LIQUID CATALYST FOR DISPOSAL - We provide an apparatus for preparing a used catalyst for disposal, comprising: 08-15-2013

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