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422 - Chemical apparatus and process disinfecting, deodorizing, preserving, or sterilizing

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
422168000 Waste gas purifier 433
422186000 With means applying electromagnetic wave energy or corpuscular radiation to reactants for initiating or perfecting chemical reaction 257
422187000 Combined 195
422198000 Including heat exchanger for reaction chamber or reactants located therein 171
422211000 Including solid, extended surface, fluid contact reaction means; e.g., inert Raschig rings, particulate absorbent, particulate or monolithic catalyst, etc. 117
422139000 Fluidized bed 104
422188000 Including plural reaction stages 83
422600000 Including plural reaction stages 77
422131000 Organic polymerization 63
422162000 Inorganic hydrator 52
422224000 Including internal mixing or stirring means 42
422240000 Including specific material of construction 21
422159000 For radioactive reactant or product 15
422236000 Including means separating reaction chamber into plural reactant-containing compartments and means moving reactant therebetween 12
422184100 For chemically destroying or disintegrating solid waste, other than burning alone 11
422148000 Ammonia synthesizer 10
422130000 Bench scale 8
422149000 With means simultaneously carrying out conjugated reactions within single reactor 6
422234000 Including external recycle loop 6
422242000 Positive pressure type 5
20110200495Cartridge for controlled production of hydrogen - A reaction hydrogen production control mechanism is provided that includes, a solid sodium borohydride mixture, a liquid fuel reactant, at least one liquid delivery medium (LDM), a movable boundary interface (MBI) and a reaction zone, where the MBI is disposed to provide a constant contact between a reacting surface of the solid fuel mixture and the primary LDM to form the reaction zone. A reaction in the reaction zone includes a hydrolysis reaction. The MBI moves according to a spring, gas pressure, or an elastic membrane. Product paths are disposed to transfer reactants from the system. The product paths can include a channel on a surface of the solid fuel mixture, a channel disposed through the solid fuel mixture, a channel disposed about the solid fuel mixture, a contained region disposed about the solid fuel mixture, or a conduit abutting the solid fuel mixture.08-18-2011
20110176973Hydrogen Generating Fuel Cell Cartridges - The present application is directed to a gas-generating apparatus. Hydrogen is generated within the gas-generating apparatus and is transported to a fuel cell. The first fuel component is introduced into the second fuel component through a conduit which punctures a septum separating the reaction chamber and the first fuel component reservoir, and the fuel conduit introduces the first fuel component to different portions of the second fuel component to produce hydrogen.07-21-2011
20110008219LUBRICATING BASE OIL MANUFACTURING PLANT FOR PRODUCING BASE OILS HAVING HIGH VISCOSITY INDEX AND DESIRED CYCLOPARAFINIC FUNCTIONALITY - A lubricating base oil manufacturing plant comprising a means for hydroisomerization dewaxing a wax at a specified hydrogen to feed ratio and a means for hydrofinishing the hydroisomerized wax to produce one or more base oils having a viscosity index greater than 28×Ln(Kinematic Viscosity at 100° C., in cSt)+95, and a ratio of wt % molecules with monocycloparaffinic functionality to wt % molecules with multicycloparaffinic functionality greater than 15.01-13-2011
20110212000DEVICE FOR PRODUCING STARTING MATERIALS, COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES AND FUELS FROM ORGANIC SUBSTANCES - The invention relates to a device for producing starting materials, combustible substances and fuels from organic substances. Said claimed device comprises a reactor (09-01-2011
20100233049ADDITIVE EFFECT ENHANCED HYDROGEN PEROXIDE DISINFECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS - A method which enhances a disinfection process by obtaining an additive effect from energy and byproducts of the decomposition process. Also disclosed are contact lens disinfecting systems, wherein the systems are configured to create the desirable elevated pressure, oxygen saturation and sustained peroxide concentration conditions within a contact lens holding and reaction chamber, in order to enhance disinfection by additive effect. The systems are configured to provide that an elevated pressure is maintained in the reaction chamber before venting occurs.09-16-2010
422232000 Including solid reactant and means charging solids into, or dischanging solids from, reaction chamber 5
20080253945Production of Synthetic Rutile by Continuous Leaching10-16-2008
20090191104REACTOR-INTEGRATED SYPHON - In order to improve sealing properties between a downcomer 07-30-2009
20090130003 FEEDING APPARATUS FOR CREATION OF ONE OR MORE PLUGS OF COMPRESSIBLE MATERIAL FOR FEEDING INTO A GASIFIER OR REACTOR - An energy efficient, very flexible and safe feeding apparatus serves for creation of one or more plugs of compressible material for feeding into a gasifier, reactor or other combustion chamber. This apparatus includes a piston feeder with at least three pistons for pre-compressing and delivering compressible material towards a mouthpiece serving as a non-return valve and having an exit end facing a braking device with a friction member for regulating the final degree of compression of the material, and an opposing inlet end for at least partly compressed material. The inner diameter of at least an inlet section extending from the inlet end of the mouthpiece increases towards the first end, so that an angle between the inner wall of at least the inlet section and the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece is larger than 0° but less than or equal to 3°.05-21-2009
20110058992PROCESS FOR CRACKING A HYDROCARBON FEED - A process for cracking a hydrocarbon feed in a reactor assembly comprising: a reactor vessel; a solid catalyst inlet by which catalyst is introduced and a solid catalyst outlet by which catalyst is removed from the reactor vessel; a plurality of feed nozzles by which feed is introduced at the bottom of the vessel; a product outlet for removing a product mixture of gas and solid catalyst at the upper part of the reactor; at least one partition plate, that divides the interior of the reactor vessel into two or more compartments, wherein the partition plate intersects the solid catalyst inlet.03-10-2011
20120251408PROCESS TO PROVIDE A PARTICULATE SOLID MATERIAL TO A PRESSURISED REACTOR - A system to provide a particulate solid material to a pressurised gasification reactor includes a low pressure storage vessel fluidly connected to the inlet of a bulk materials pump, a first part of a transport conduit directly connecting the outlet of the bulk materials pump to an inlet of a diverter valve, a second part of the transport conduit connecting an outlet of the diverter valve to a burner as present in a reactor vessel, wherein said diverter valve is provided with a second outlet connecting a recycle conduit with the low pressure storage vessel and which diverter valve is adjustable to either fluidly connect the bulk materials pump to the burner or alternatively fluidly connect the bulk materials pump to the low pressure storage vessel.10-04-2012
422209000 Including means rotating reaction chamber during use 4
20090238736METHOD FOR MIXING LIQUIDS AND LIQUID MIXING APPARATUS - According to the method of an aspect of the present invention, by forming the laminated body of the liquids by laminating a plurality of liquids after discharging the plurality of liquids from a central portion of the rotational stage onto the rotational stage and rotating the rotational stage after the formation, the centrifugal force by the rotation enables the laminated body to form a thin layer. Accordingly, because the diffusion between the layers can be executed rapidly in the latter mixing process, a mixing of liquids is allowed to advance immediately.09-24-2009
20090208389SPINNING TUBE IN TUBE REACTORS AND THEIR METHODS OF OPERATION - A spinning tube in tube reactor has the usual elongated transverse annular cross section reaction passage through which reactants pass to force reaction between them; the passage being between the rotor tube exterior surface and the stator tube interior surface. The radial dimension of the annual passage should be keep as uniform as possible so as not to cause unwanted variations in the reaction. This has proven difficult in prior constructions owing to the small radial dimension (e.g. 50-300 micrometers) and inevitable manufacturing tolerances in the bearings supporting the rotor. In apparatus of the invention the rotor is suspended within the stator passage by a flexible connection between the drive motor shaft and the rotor and uniformity is maintained by the so-called hydrodynamic effect which will become operative in such a narrow passage. Thus, if any part of the rotor surface moves radially from the central position closer to the stator surface the liquid viscosity produces a force that moves the rotor back to the central position. Preferably the flexible connection consists of two serially connected flexible connectors.08-20-2009
20110064625METHOD FOR THE ANTI-EROSION COATING OF A WALL, ANTI-EROSION COATING AND USE THEREOF - The invention relates to a method for the anti-erosion coating of the wall of a cyclone for separating and recovering solid particles driven in a fluid, in which a composite material is deposited in a mould comprising the wall of the cyclone (03-17-2011
20100008835INTEGRATED REACTOR AND CENTRIFUGAL SEPARATOR AND USES THEREOF - An apparatus for providing reaction of fluids and separation of products with increased residence time. The apparatus includes a stationary shell, a rotating hollow cylindrical component disposed in the stationary shell, a residence-time increasing device external to the stationary shell, a standpipe for introducing fluid into an interior cavity of the hollow cylindrical component from the residence-time increasing device, a first outlet in fluid flow communication with the interior cavity of the hollow cylindrical component for a less dense phase fluid, and a second outlet in fluid flow communication with the interior cavity of the hollow cylindrical component for a more dense phase fluid.01-14-2010
422239000 Reaction chamber includes at least one perforated, porous, or semipermeable wall and is adapted for holding solid reactant 3
20110194992Fuel Cell Cartridge - A hydrogen gas generating apparatus for providing hydrogen gas to a fuel cell stack is provided. The apparatus includes an expandable reaction chamber containing a solid reactant component and a collapsible receptacle containing a liquid reactant component with a housing. The reaction chamber includes an expandable reactant zone defined by a moveable partition that retains the reactants and reaction products within the reaction chamber. The apparatus also includes a liquid transport control system and a fluid path for transporting the liquid reactant component from the collapsible receptacle to the reactant zone in the reaction chamber, where the liquid and solid reactant components react to generate hydrogen gas. The receptacle collapses with a corresponding expansion of the reaction chamber as liquid reactant component is used, and the reactant zone expands within the reaction chamber in response to pressure from the increasing volume of reaction products on the moveable partition. Volume exchange among the expandable reaction chamber, the expandable reactant zone and the collapsible receptacle provides a high volume of hydrogen gas from a hydrogen generating apparatus of limited volume.08-11-2011
20130064731FIXED-BED CATALYST SUPPORT FOR A HYDROPROCESSING REACTOR - The present invention is directed to an upwardly convex fixed-bed catalyst support for a hydroprocessing reactor. The catalyst bed support includes an upwardly convex annular-shaped plate having an outer end in communication with the reactor inner surface, and an inner end in communication with a horizontal hub assembly.03-14-2013
20090274595HYDROGEN GENERATOR - A hydrogen gas generator generates hydrogen gas by mixing two reactants. The generator has a reaction chamber for receiving a solid reactant. The chamber has a reaction product separator impermeable to the solid reactant and a biasing means for biasing reactant products against the separator. The generator also has a liquid reactant dispenser for storing a liquid reactant and is fluidly coupled to the reaction chamber, such that dispensed liquid reactant reacts with the solid reactant in the reaction chamber to produce hydrogen gas and a waste product that are substantially permeable through the separator. The generator also has a product collector coupled to the reaction chamber for collecting hydrogen gas and waste product that have passed through the separator.11-05-2009
422150000 Pigment or carbon black producer 3
20090053115CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION OF ALIGNED CARBON NANOTUBES - An apparatus for continuous production of aligned carbon nanotubes is disclosed. The apparatus includes a reactor, an injector for delivering a feed solution into the reactor, and a conveyor for passing through the reactor a substrate on which nanotubes may be formed and grown. The apparatus further may include an inert, porous medium through which the feed solution may be passed. The apparatus produces aligned carbon nanotubes of a predetermined external diameter, and is suitable for large scale production of aligned carbon nanotubes in an industrial setting.02-26-2009
20100003170Method of Devolatilizing Recycled Carbon Black and Associated Apparatus - A method for controlling volatiles in recycled carbon black, such as from pyrolysis of tires, includes deagglomerating the recycled carbon black to substantially reduce the carbon black particle size and impinging an air current on the carbon black particles, preferably in a countercurrent direction, to increase the processing temperature and thereby enhance the release of volatiles. Associated apparatus is disclosed.01-07-2010
20100028218PROCESS AND DEVICE FOR COOLING INORGANIC PIGMENT - A system for manufacturing a pigment comprising an oxidation reactor capable of providing a pigment, a scouring media source, and a heat exchanger having a tubular conduit through which the mixture of the pigment and the scouring media flows. The tubular conduit having an inlet, an outlet, and a longitudinal center line. The tubular conduit configured such that at least a portion of the longitudinal center line of the tubular conduit extends in a helical pattern.02-04-2010
422163000 Explosives synthesizer 2
20110194985Micro gas generator - The micro gas generator employs a liquid propellant, e.g. 50% to 60% by weight hydroxyl ammonium nitrate as an oxidizer, 16% to 22% triethyl ammonium nitrate as fuel, 21% to 28% water as a diluent to provide stability and 1% to 3% additives. The liquid propellant is housed in a can mounted in sealed relation on a retainer in which an initiator is also mounted.08-11-2011
20110091359SMALL CYLINDRICAL REFORMER - Disclosed herein is a small cylindrical reformer, which is suitable for use in the production of hydrogen from fossil fuels for a small fuel cell power plant. In the small cylindrical reformer according to this invention, a reforming reactor, a water gas shift reactor (high temperature or low temperature), a combustor, a heat exchanger, a steam generator, etc., may be integrated in a single container to form an optimal heat exchanging network, minimize heat loss and optimize heat exchange efficiency. Thereby, the reformer is designed to be easily processed and manufactured and to have a compact size, thus realizing high efficiency, light weight and ease of mass production.04-21-2011
422164000 Solid reactant type (i.e., absence of fluid reactants) 2
20100290959GAS GENERATOR - The present invention provides a gas generator including: 11-18-2010
20120063965METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FAST PYROLYSIS OF BIOMASS IN ROTARY KILNS - Described herein are systems and methods for achieving fast pyrolysis of wood and other carbonaceous solids in rotary reactors. Novel heating, feeding and condensing methods result in high oil yields near those currently achieved with more complicated fast pyrolysis systems. High intensity burners are arranged and controlled to produce high heating rates and uniform temperature of the rotating cylindrical walls of the reactors. The feeding system delays the onset of pyrolysis until the solids fall onto the heated kiln walls. The pyrolysis gases and vapors are rapidly withdrawn and quenched with recycled liquids. The first condenser incorporates a clean out nozzle. Char products are readily separated and discharged into a heat exchanger where heat is recovered and used together with heat from reactor flue gas to dry the solids prior to being fed to the reactor.03-15-2012
422160000 Inorganic sulfur acid or anhydride producing type 1
20120237407Handling of Acids from Compressed Oxyfuel-Derived CO2 - Sulfur dioxide (SO09-20-2012
422185000 For chemical recovery of chemicals from waste paper making liquor 1
20120100043ALUMINA-MAGNESIA MATERIAL FOR A GASIFIER - A molten and cast refractory material having a chemical composition, in weight percent on the basis of oxides, of: —Al04-26-2012
20110176967VERTICAL TYPE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE PRODUCING APPARATUS - A vertical type semiconductor device producing apparatus comprises a vertical type reaction chamber which is to accommodate a plurality of stacked substrates; an exhaust path which exhausts the reaction chamber, a vacuum exhaust device which exhausts the reaction chamber through the exhaust path; an exhaust valve which opens and closes the exhaust path; a first supply path which supplies a first kind of gas, which contributes to film formation, to the reaction chamber; a second supply path which supplies a second kind of gas, which contributes to the film formation, to the reaction chamber; a first and a second gas supply valves which respectively open and close the first and second supply paths; and a controller which controls the exhaust valve and the first and second gas supply valves such that when the first kind of gas is supplied to the reaction chamber, the first kind of gas is supplied to the reaction chamber from the first supply path in a state in which exhaust of the reaction chamber is being stopped to expose the plurality of substrates in the reaction chamber to the first kind of gas, and when the second kind of gas is supplied to the reaction chamber, the second kind of gas is supplied to the reaction chamber through the second supply path in a state in which the reaction chamber is being exhausted by the vacuum exhaust device to expose the plurality of substrates in the reaction chamber to the second kind of gas.07-21-2011
20090202399APPARATUS AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A FLUID ACTIVATED BY SINGLET OXYGEN - Apparatus and process for producing a fluid activated by singlet oxygen, comprising an accommodation vessel which comprises an accommodation chamber which is filled with at least one photosensitizer and with oxygen which can be excited to the singlet state, wherein the accommodation vessel has at least one transparent light incidence wall through which light can come from the outside into the accommodation chamber. The accommodation chamber is completely closed from the outside and the accommodation vessel has at least one transparent activation wall at whose side facing away from the accommodation chamber the fluid to be activated can be activated.08-13-2009
20130039815REACTOR DEVICE - A reactor device formed by containing a reactor body comprising a plurality of cores joined with each other within a case in a floating state. The reactor body is placed on a case by using leaf spring bodies and a movement of the reactor body in the horizontal direction is allowed, thereby absorbing a difference in expansion resulting from a difference in the thermal expansion coefficient between the reactor body and the case due to a heat stress. Further, a resin mold is inserted into a concave portion of the case so as to allow the movement in the horizontal direction so that the movement of the reactor body along a slope surface can be achieved, thereby absorbing the difference in expansion.02-14-2013
20130039814GAS GENERATOR AND ITS MANUFACTURING PROCESS - A gas generator includes a pyrotechnic charge contained in a chamber delimited by a wall and by two transversal walls. At least one of the walls comprises at least one through hole. A covering sheet in the form of a box is located facing the through hole. A seal gasket is provided between the sheet and one of the walls. The seal gasket is positioned between the first tubular part of the covering sheet and the wall for ensuring the seal between the box and the wall towards the through hole.02-14-2013
20100143206THERMAL CRACKING TUBE - A thermal cracking tube is provided which is adapted to suppress pressure losses to the greatest possible extent while maintaining a heat transfer promoting effect on the fluid inside the tube. The tube passes a fluid therethrough from one end thereof toward the other end and has a plurality of rows of projections extending circumferentially along an inner surface of the tube orthogonal to or as inclined with respect to the axis of tube, each of the projection rows including a plurality of projections provided on the tube inner surface. The tube is defined by S/10πD=0.2-0.7, h/D=0.02-0.05 and L/πD=0.04-0.5 wherein D is the inside diameter of the tube, h is the height of an optional projection A included in a projection row α, L is the length of circular arc of the projection A in a direction orthogonal to the tube axis, and S is the area of a region R surrounded by the projection A, phantom lines L06-10-2010
20130028799REACTOR VESSELS HAVING LIQUID DRAIN PIPES AND METHODS FOR DRAINING LIQUID FROM REACTOR INTERNALS - Embodiments of vessels including liquid drain pipes are provided, as are embodiments of methods for draining liquid from reactor internals. In one embodiment, the vessel includes a vessel shell, a tray mounted within the vessel shell and over which liquid accumulates up to a maximum liquid level during vessel operation, and a liquid drain pipe. The liquid drain pipe includes a tubular body attached to the tray and projecting upward therefrom, a vapor inlet formed in the tubular body above the maximum liquid level, a liquid inlet formed in the tubular body between the maximum liquid level and the tray, and a drainage port formed in the tubular body and positioned to direct accumulated liquid above the tray to an area below the tray to permit the drainage of accumulated liquid from over the tray during vessel shutdown.01-31-2013
20130028800Process for the Production of High Purity Melamine from Urea - The present invention concerns process for obtaining melamine at high purity characterized by comprising the steps of:—quenching a melamine melt, deprived of off-gases of the melamine synthesis and containing melamine impurities such as ammeline, ammelide and polycondensates, with an aqueous solution comprising ammonia under conditions such to substantially convert polycondensates into melamine, obtaining a melamine solution substantially free of polycondensates, recovering melamine from said melamine solution by melamine crystallisation, obtaining melamine crystals and a melamine crystallization mother liquor,—treating said crystallization melamine mother liquor under conditions such to convert at least a portion of its ammeline content into ammelide and melammine, obtaining a treated mother liquid having at least a reduced ammeline content. The invention also concerns a high-pressure non-catalytic plant for the production of high-purity melamine implementing the above process and apparatuses suitable to be used in this plant.01-31-2013
20090041633APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING LIGAND BINDING ASSAYS ON MICROARRAYS IN MULTIWELL PLATES - An apparatus and method for real time, label-free imaging and quantitation of binding events at an array of positions are provided. Total internal reflection from a planar side wall of a well of a multiwell plate is used to create an evanescent field in the plane of a pattern of ligands immobilized on the wall. Embodiments include imaging and multiple analyte detection and quantitation of a single wall of a single well as well as the simultaneous imaging and multiple analyte detection and quantitation of a number of wells.02-12-2009
20130058836CATALYST FILTER - Catalyst filter wherein a nonwoven material with a density of no more than 50 kg/m03-07-2013
20130058835NOZZLE REACTOR AND METHOD OF USE - A nozzle reactor includes a passage having one or more regions with a converging-diverging shape. The nozzle reactor accelerates a reacting fluid to supersonic velocities and mixes it with a feed material. The reacting fluid and the feed material may be pre-heated. The high speed collision between the reacting fluid and the feed material at elevated temperatures causes the materials to react.03-07-2013
20090180936MEDICATION DISPOSAL SYSTEM - The potential for environmental release of unused and expired medications is reduced by the provision of a system and method for combining the unused or expired medication with an amount of activated carbon as part of a disposal procedure.07-16-2009
20090269250Apparatus and Methods For Nanoparticle Generation and Process Intensification of Transport and Reaction Systems - Apparatus, systems and methods are provided that utilize microreactor technology to achieve desired mixing and interaction at a micro and/or molecular level between and among feed stream constituents. Feed streams are fed to an intensifier pump at individually controlled rates, e.g., based on operation of individually controlled feed pumps. The time during which first and second feed streams are combined/mixed prior to introduction to the microreactor is generally minimized, thereby avoiding potential reactions and other constituent interactions prior to micro- and/or nano-scale interactions within the microreactor. Various microreactor designs/geometries may be employed, e.g., “Z” type single or multi-slot geometries and “Y” type single or multi-slot geometries. Various applications benefit from the disclosure, including emulsion, crystallization, encapsulation and reaction processes.10-29-2009
20110293486SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR HYDRODESULFURIZATION, HYDRODENITROGENATION, OR HYDROFINISHING - A method for hydrodesulfurization by forming a dispersion comprising hydrogen-containing gas bubbles with a mean diameter of less than 1 micron dispersed in a liquid phase comprising sulfur-containing compounds. Desulfurizing a liquid stream comprising sulfur-containing compounds by subjecting a fluid mixture comprising hydrogen-containing gas and the liquid to a shear rate greater than 20,000 s12-01-2011
20110293485WEB COMPRISING FINE FIBER AND REACTIVE, ADSORPTIVE OR ABSORPTIVE PARTICULATE - The assemblies of the invention can comprise a fine fiber layer having dispersed within the fine fiber layer an active particulate material. Fluid that flows through the assemblies of the invention can have any material dispersed or dissolved in the fluid react with, be absorbed by, or adsorbed onto, the active particulate within the nanofiber layer. The structures of the invention can act simply as reactive, absorptive, or adsorptive layers with no filtration properties, or the structures of the invention can be assembled into filters that can filter particulate from a mobile fluid while simultaneously reacting, absorbing, or adsorbing materials from the mobile fluid.12-01-2011
20100158761MICROFLUIDIC CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE SAME - Provided is a microfluidic control apparatus that includes at least one control means and a microfluidic control chip. When the microfluidic control chip is loaded to the control means, a needle provided to the control means is inserted into a reaction solution storage chamber of the microfluidic control chip, in which the reaction solution storage chamber is sealed with a sealing tape. Thus, fluid connection is easily formed between the microfluidic control chip and the control means without leakage.06-24-2010
20100080736METHOD OF PRODUCING ETHYL ACETATE - Methods and systems for the production of ethyl acetate are described herein. The methods and systems incorporate the novel use of a high shear device to promote dispersion and mixing of a carbonyl co-reactant (e.g. acetic acid, acetaldehyde) with ethanol. The high shear device may allow for lower reaction temperatures and pressures and may also reduce reaction time with existing catalysts.04-01-2010
20090047185HYDROGEN GENERATION SYSTEMS - Systems and methods are provided for hydrogen generation utilizing two or more liquid fuel components, using a fuel delivery system comprising a single pump. Advantageously, a single reversible cycle pump is used to deliver two or more fuel components of a fuel mixture in desired proportions to a mixing zone, reaction zone, or reaction chamber of a hydrogen generation system, while reducing the number of active elements required for fuel delivery and flow control of multiple fuel components. Alternatively, a unidirectional single or duel feed pump co-operable with flow control means comprising a valve provides for delivering first and second fuel components in desired proportions. Control of the pump speed, and duty cycle of the pump in continuous or pulsed modes, provides for delivery of first and second fuel components in desired proportions, to control hydrogen generation, and to provide for dilution, mixing, and flush cycles, using a single pump. A control system provides for control of the pump and/or valve, responsive to external or system conditions.02-19-2009
20090263294CHEMICAL REACTION CARTRIDGE - Disclosed is a chemical reaction cartridge including an elastic body as a construction material and a flow path and two or more chambers connected by the flow path formed inside the cartridge, and the cartridge is structured so as to move or block a fluid material in the flow path or the chambers by partially sealing the flow path, the chambers or both the flow path and the chambers by applying external force to the elastic body from outside, as one of the chambers, the cartridge has a reaction chamber, the reaction chamber is a chamber in which a chemical reaction of a reaction liquid to be introduced in the reaction chamber is carried out, and a specific liquid to fill a space in the reaction chamber is filled in the reaction chamber before the reaction liquid is introduced in the reaction chamber.10-22-2009
20100129269COLLECTING MAIN FOR TUBULAR CRACKING FURNACES - Collecting line for removing hot process gases conducted in process gas tubes from tubular reformers, wherein the collecting line has on the inside at least one insulation layer made of fire-resistant concrete or fire-resistant brick, and on the outside a wall made of a metallic outer tube, comprises a plurality of stubs via which the process gas tubes of the tubular furnace can be connected to the collecting line, wherein in the region of the stubs, the process gas tubes are at least in part conducted in guide tubes, and each gas outlet connected to the respective process gas tube projects into the collecting line, by means of which the process gas is introduced into the collecting line in correct functioning, and at least one gas outlet is constructed as a pipe bend.05-27-2010
20080233017Semiconductor Oxidation Apparatus and Method of Producing Semiconductor Element - A semiconductor oxidation apparatus is provided with a sealable oxidation chamber defined by walls, a base provided within the oxidation chamber and configured to support a semiconductor sample, a supply part configured to supply water vapor into the oxidation chamber to oxidize a specific portion of the semiconductor sample, a monitoring window provided in one of the walls of the oxidation chamber and disposed at a position capable of confronting the semiconductor sample supported on the base, a monitoring part provided outside the oxidation chamber and capable of confronting the semiconductor sample supported on the base via the monitoring window, and an adjusting part configured to adjust a distance between the base and the monitoring part.09-25-2008
20080274019Preparation of Derivative of Polyhydric Alcohols - A method for converting a polyhydric alcohol into propylene glycol and butanediols is disclosed. Also disclosed are methods for converting polyhydric alcohols into three-carbon products and four-carbon products. Also disclosed are methods for maximizing conversion of polyhydric alcohols and minimizing formation of reaction products that are difficult to remove from the desired product. In other embodiments, methods are described to optimize use of reactants, including hydrogen, in hydrogenolysis of polyhydric alcohols.11-06-2008
20110268616REACTOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF REACTOR - Provided is a reactor which makes it possible to increase the uniformity of mixing of the reactants therein. The reactor is provided with a flow path structure having internal reactant flow passages including: a first introduction passage for the introduction of a first reactant, a second introduction passage for the introduction of a second reactant, a merging passage for causing the first reactant flowing through the first introduction passage to merge with the second reactant flowing through the second introduction passage, and a reaction passage for causing the two reactants which were merged in the merging passage to react with each other while the reactants are flowing. A first introduction groove constituting part of the first introduction passage and a second introduction groove constituting part of the second introduction passage are formed in a first surface of the base of the flow path structure of the reactor, while a reaction groove constituting part of the reaction passage is formed in a second surface of the base. A merging hole constituting part of the merging passage runs from the first surface of the base to the second surface thereof, and the merging hole constitutes the end point of the common part of the first introduction groove and of the second introduction groove, and also the starting point of the reaction groove. The downstream end of the first introduction groove and the downstream end of the second introduction groove merge at the merging hole from different directions on the first surface of the base.11-03-2011
20090180935Metal tube for pyrolysis reaction - A metal tube in the present invention is a metal tube for pyrolysis reaction with superior characteristics of both the heat exchange and the pyrolysis reaction, which is suitable for use in a process in which hydrocarbons are pyrolytically decomposed. The tube is a metal tube for pyrolysis reaction consisting of 3 or 4 spiral ribs 07-16-2009
20110223069CONTAINER HAVING AN OXYGEN SCAVENGING ACTIVATION SYSTEM - A polyethylene terephthalate container having a hydrogen generator and catalyst disposed or otherwise incorporated in components of the container. The container further comprises an activation system or means for activating the hydrogen generator and/or catalyst system at a predetermined time or in response to a predetermined stimulus.09-15-2011
20090311145REACTION CHAMBER STRUCTURAL PARTS WITH THERMAL SPRAY CERAMIC COATING AND METHOD FOR FORMING THE CERAMIC COATING THEREOF - In a reaction chamber for manufacturing semiconductor devices, flat displays, solar panels, a thermal spray ceramic coating with special geometric patterns is provided on structural parts in the reaction chamber. The geometric patterns of the ceramic coating are designed according to operating conditions in the reaction chamber, such as the energy source and the plasma producing gases being used, the intended plasma distribution and subsequent reactions in the reaction chamber, and compositions of the ceramic coating. To form the ceramic coating with special geometric patterns, a special masking process is adopted, and, after the forming of the ceramic coating with desired geometric patterns, a post grit blasting treatment is conducted to obtain a desired surface coarseness for the ceramic coating.12-17-2009
20090110612Nitric oxide permeable housings - The present disclosure relates to an apparatus that includes one or more nitric oxide permeable housings.04-30-2009
20110058988Reactor for the Production of Polycrystalline Silicon - A reactor (03-10-2011
20100226830PH ADJUSTING APPARATUS - A pH adjusting apparatus arranged above a water pit for refueling disposed in a reactor container that stores a nuclear reactor includes a pH adjuster, a basket 09-09-2010
20120195801STACKABLE STRUCTURAL REACTORS - A reactor for carrying out catalytic reactions. The reactor includes a reactor component optionally arranged on a central rod in a reactor tube. The reactor component can have fluid ducts for directing fluid flow through the reactor. The fluid ducts are effective for increasing heat transfer in the reactor. The reactor component can further have a washer attached to a top or bottom surface for directing fluid flow.08-02-2012
20090208380SYSTEMS FOR ALKYL ESTER PRODUCTION - In one embodiment, an alkyl ester production system can comprise: a first transesterification reactor comprising a liquid biomass inlet located between a liquid glycerol outlet and a liquid alkyl ester outlet, a water wash vessel comprising an alkyl ester inlet, a water inlet located near a top of the water wash vessel, and a washed alkyl ester outlet located near the top of the water wash vessel, wherein the alkyl ester inlet is located near a bottom of the water wash vessel, and a drier comprising a washed alkyl ester inlet located near a top of the drier, and a gas inlet and a dried alkyl ester outlet located near the bottom of the drier. The first transesterification reactor can be configured for laminar flow and for liquid reactants and products. The alkyl ester inlet can be in fluid communication with the washed alkyl ester outlet.08-20-2009
20100303674Reactor With Upper and Lower Manifold Structures - A reactor is provided comprising a reactor substrate and upper and lower manifold structures. The upper manifold structure and the lower manifold structure each comprise at least one flow directing cavity that reverses a flow direction of a fluid flowing through the relatively short open-ended channels of the substrate between the upper and lower manifold structures. The flow directing cavities of the upper and lower manifold structures are configured to direct fluid from the inlet region of the upper manifold structure to the outlet region of the lower manifold structure in an additional serpentine path defined by the flow direction reversals introduced by the upper and lower manifold structures. Additional embodiments are disclosed and claimed.12-02-2010
20100303675Method and apparatus for high-efficiency synthesis of carbon nanostructure, and carbon nanostructure - Developed is high-efficiency synthesis method and apparatus capable of promoting the initial growth of carbon nanostructure by eliminating the initial fluctuation time and rising time in raw gas flow quantity.12-02-2010
20090068070Reacting Apparatus, Method of Assembling Reacting Apparatus and Reactor Containing Package - A reacting apparatus includes a reactor having a supply port and a discharge port, a first member connected to the surface of the reactor having a through hole associated with the supply port, and a second member connected to the surface of the reactor and having a through hole associated with the discharge port, a supply pipe connected to the supply port by way of the through hole of the first member, to supply a fluid before the reaction to the supply port, and a discharge pipe connected to the discharge port by way of the through hole of the second member, to discharge a fluid after the reaction from the discharge port. The supply port and discharge port include a portion covered by a surface of the first member and a portion communicating with the through hole of the first member. The discharge port includes a portion covered by a surface of the second member and a portion communicating with the through hole of the second member. A first opening of the through hole of the first member includes a portion covered by the surface of the reactor and a portion communicating with the supply port. A second opening of the through hole of the second member includes a portion covered by the surface of the reactor and a portion communicating with the discharge port.03-12-2009
20090068069Article having reduced metal contamination - [Problems] To provide a means for preventing metal contamination for articles to be used in fields in need of reduced metal contamination.03-12-2009
20090214394CENTER FEED SYSTEM - The present invention features a center feed system for use within a delayed coking system, or any other similar system. The center feed system features an inlet sleeve which slidably engages a retractable nozzle, with inlet and outlet, in fluid connection with a feed source of residual byproduct, allowing residual byproduct to flow from the feed source into the interior of a vessel, thus effectuating or inducing even thermal distribution throughout the vessel.08-27-2009
20100310430BARRIER FOR AN ACID ALKYLATION UNIT AND PROCESS RELATING THERETO - One exemplary embodiment can be a barrier for a leak escaping from an alkylation unit. The barrier can include a plurality of members positioned proximate to at least one surface of a vessel in the alkylation unit. Generally, the plurality of members includes at least one first member spaced apart from the at least one surface, and at least one second member distinct from the at least one first member spaced apart from the at least one surface. Typically, the second member has at least a portion closer to the at least one surface than the at least one first member.12-09-2010
20090317306Optimized Liquid-Phase Oxidation - Disclosed is an optimized process and apparatus for more efficiently and economically carrying out the liquid-phase oxidation of an oxidizable compound. Such liquid-phase oxidation is carried out in a bubble column reactor that provides for a highly efficient reaction at relatively low temperatures. When the oxidized compound is para-xylene and the product from the oxidation reaction is crude terephthalic acid (CTA), such CTA product can be purified and separated by more economical techniques than could be employed if the CTA were formed by a conventional high-temperature oxidation process.12-24-2009
20090162254Recycle of Electrical Equipment - The present invention addresses a problem with conventional techniques for recycling electrical equipment that have a hardened epoxy resin and electroconductive material where a catalyst is degraded to an extent that it can no longer be reused when water is present in a dissolving system. Moisture, when present in the dissolving system for treating electrical equipment including electroconductive material of aluminum, may react with aluminum to produce an aluminate compound which is transformed into aluminum oxide (alumina) under heating, which, in turn, may cause abnormal temperature rise to melt aluminum. This may be accompanied by formation of hydrogen which can cause danger of explosion. The present invention manages moisture content in a dissolving system by drying an object to be treated with a catalyst and a solvent prior to the dissolving treatment.06-25-2009
20110256030Pyrogenic Silicic Acid Manufactured in a Small-Scale Production Plant - Disclosed is a flame reactor characterized in that the flame reactor comprises a reactor chamber having a volume of 1 m10-20-2011
20110262309REACTIVE COMPONENT REDUCTION SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR THE USE THEREOF - In accordance with the present invention, there are provided simplified systems and methods for deactivating, removing, or reducing the levels of reactive component(s) from vapor phase fluids prior to introduction thereof into fuel storage tanks. The simple apparatus described herein can be utilized to replace complex systems on the market. Simply stated, in one embodiment of the invention, the vapor phase fluid contemplated for introduction into the fuel storage tank is passed through a reaction zone (e.g., a catalytic bed) operated at appropriate temperatures to allow the reaction between free reactive components therein (e.g., oxygen and hydrogen or other fuel vapor), thereby deactivating reactive component(s) in the gas phase.10-27-2011
20100178213REACTOR AND REACTING METHOD - It is aimed to improve reaction efficiency by increasing a contact area of first and second reactants per unit volume without reducing dimensions of an inlet path for the first reactant and an inlet path for the second reactant in a layer-thickness direction.07-15-2010
20100158762IONIC LIQUID SYSTEM FOR AN ISOPARAFFIN/OLEFIN ALKYLATION - There is provided an ionic liquid system for isoparaffin/olefin alkylation, comprising a quaternary ammonium chloroaluminate, a conjunct polymer, and a hydrogen chloride. The ionic liquid system has a molar ratio of Al to N from 2.1 to 8.0. Less than 0.1 wt % AlCl06-24-2010
20090202400BIOREACTOR FOR SELECTIVELY CONTROLLING THE MOLECULAR DIFFUSION BETWEEN FLUIDS - A diffusion controlling bioreactor that selectively controls the molecular diffusion between fluids through at least one microchannel in fluid communication with a reaction reservoir. Length and cross-sectional area of the microchannel may be selected to obtain a predetermined rate of molecular diffusion between fluids. When the fluids are liquids, flow through the microchannel is laminar and the capillary action of the microchannel and fluid is such that the fluid flow is regulated, and may have a structure configured to minimize the chances of fluid leakage from the bioreactor, even if the bioreactor is turned in various directions. In certain embodiments, one or more diffusion control chambers regulate fluid flow and diffusion between a reaction reservoir and an outside atmosphere.08-13-2009
20110217209Iron Core Reactor - An iron core reactor includes reactor active parts. The reactor active parts include two or more separate reactor active parts. The coils in the respective active parts are connected in series or in parallel. The respective active parts are placed in a same reactor oil tank.09-08-2011
20090074627MANIFOLD DESIGNS, AND FLOW CONTROL IN MULITCHANNEL MICROCHANNEL DEVICES - Novel manifolds and methods of flow through manifolds are described. Apparatus and techniques are described in which flow from a relatively large volume header is equally distributed to process channels. Methods of making laminated, microchannel devices are also described.03-19-2009
20120039754Headless Suspended Mass Transfer and Reaction Tower - A headless suspended mass transfer and reaction tower system used for the scrubbing, stripping or chemical reaction between gases and liquids. The system comprises an elongated shell having a closed top end and a suspension member configured to suspend the tower from an external suspension support. Various embodiments of the system can be adapted for the purposes of chemical vent scrubbing, absorption, odor abatement, gas-liquid chemical reactions, or similar processes. The tower can be operated in the classical counter current or concurrent flow modes, under pressure, or in a partial vacuum.02-16-2012
20110318232OXYGEN SCAVENGING SYSTEM FOR A CONTAINER - A container having a hydrogen generator and catalyst disposed or otherwise incorporated in components of the container. The container further comprises a system for providing at least a portion of the hydrogen generator and/or catalyst in an area defined within the closure of the container for improved performance.12-29-2011
20090142235SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS AND GASES HAVING DISINFECTING PROPERTIES AND SUBSTANTIALLY ELIMINATING IMPURITIES - A system for disinfecting and purifying aqueous solutions and water for drinking purposes comprising an outer pouch, a disinfectant generating device, and an inorganic coagulant. The disinfectant generating device is provided with a membrane shell defining at least two compartments which house a first reactant, a second reactant, and an inorganic coagulant. The disinfectant generating device is capable of producing a disinfectant when exposed to water or moisture and the disinfectant exits the compartment through the membrane shell. The inorganic coagulant aid the formation of flocs of the suspended dispersed particles in the aqueous solution.06-04-2009
20120058015DEVICE FOR INFLUENCING THE FLOW IN A CONNECTING PIPE OF A COAL GASIFICATION REACTOR/GAS COOLER - With a device for influencing the flow, particularly in a horizontal connecting pipe (03-08-2012
20120156103APPARATUS FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN - An apparatus for generating hydrogen for fuel cells is provided. The apparatus includes a housing, a button, a first separating plate, a solid state reactant, and a separating membrane. The housing has an opening and a reservoir. The button connected to the housing covers the opening. The first separating plate disposed in the housing divides the reservoir into first and second sub-rooms. The opening communicates with the first sub-room and the first sub-room is suitable for storing a liquid reactant. The first separating plate has a through hole opposite to the button. The solid state reactant is disposed in the second sub-room. The separating membrane disposed on the through hole separates the first sub-room from the second sub-room. When the button is pushed, the button damages the separating membrane. Therefore, the liquid reactant flows to the second sub-room and reacts with the solid state reactant to generate hydrogen.06-21-2012
20120063960CLEANING COMPOUND FOR CLEANING SURFACES IN A FOOD PROCESSING ENVIRONMENT - A cleaning compound for cleaning surfaces in a food processing environment includes at least one container, with each container including a peroxide and/or an alkaline reactant therein. The alkaline reactant is selected to raise the pH of the cleaning compound into the alkaline range when the peroxide and the alkaline reactant are mixed together. The cleaning compound may be a liquid or dry compound, which is applied to the surface to be cleaned.03-15-2012
20120134886Turbulent Flow Column - A turbulent flow column for a heat and/or material exchange between a liquid phase and a flowing gaseous phase in the counter flow thereto, wherein the turbulent flow column includes at least two sections with a first layer having a high specific surface and a lower throughput capacity and a second layer arranged on top with a lower specific surface and a higher throughput capacity. The first layer of the sections of the turbulent flow column is designed for forming a turbulent flow zone, and thus a spouting bed with pourable first fillers with a high specific surface and a low throughput. The second layer of the sections is designed for forming a separating zone for the liquid phase with pourable second fillers including a lower specific surface and a higher throughput capacity compared to the first fillers of the first layer.05-31-2012
20120134885REDUCTION-OXIDATION FURNACE FOR MAKING PHOSPHORUS BY THERMAL PROCESS - The present invention discloses a reduction-oxidation furnace for thermally refining phosphorus. The reduction-oxidation furnace comprises a furnace body and a blow gun, wherein the furnace body has a slag outlet, a fume outlet, and a melt inlet for feeding melts formed by melting rock phosphate into the furnace body and wherein the blow gun has an end inserted into the furnace body. The content of impurities in fumes containing phosphorus pentaoxide is low, the phosphorus pentaoxide can be easily extracted with a high purity of the phosphorus pentaoxide and at low cost by means of the reduction-oxidation furnace for thermally refining phosphorus according to the present invention.05-31-2012
20120082591APPARATUS FOR REGENERATING CATALYST - Disclosed is a catalyst distributor and process for mixing spent catalyst and recycled regenerated catalyst in a regenerator vessel. Mixing is conducted in a confined space to which catalyst is delivered from catalyst conduits protruding through the wall of the regenerator.04-05-2012
20120230878SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING OFF-GASSED OZONE - Systems and methods for producing an ozone destructor are disclosed herein. Generally, these systems and methods include an ozone destructor that has a housing defining an air passage duct. In some cases, this air passage duct includes a first chamber and a second chamber that are arranged so that air is able to flow into the first chamber, through the second chamber, and out of the destructor. In some cases, an air drying mechanism is disposed in the first and/or the second chamber. Additionally, in some cases, the ozone destructor further includes multiple mechanisms that reduce ozone to oxygen. In light of these features, the ozone destructor is capable of incrementally drying and reducing air and ozone, respectively, as they pass through the first chamber and the second chamber.09-13-2012
20120328478COMPOSITIONS, DEVICES AND METHODS FOR HYDROGEN GENERATION - Methods and systems for hydrogen generation from solid hydrogen storage compositions which generate hydrogen in an exothermic reaction wherein the heat released can be absorbed by solid endothermic compositions are disclosed. The solid hydrogen storage compositions comprise mixtures of chemical hydrides and water surrogate compounds. Fuel cartridges suitable for use with compositions which generate hydrogen upon the application of thermal initiation and methods for operating the fuel cartridges are also disclosed.12-27-2012
20130022507TUBULAR FLOW REACTOR - A tubular flow reactor comprises at least two fluid feed channels made of a multi-walled tube for feeding at least two kinds of fluids to be used in a reaction, a reaction channel having an annular cross section that can cause the fluids to react while flowing the same therethrough, and a fluid discharge channel for discharging a reaction product. The fluid feed channels are so connected as to communicate with an inlet of the reaction channel along a peripheral tangential direction or along a direction perpendicular to a peripheral surface of the annular reaction channel, and the fluid discharge channel is so connected as to communicate with an outlet of the reaction channel.01-24-2013
20080226511LIQUID METAL REACTOR - A target material to be treated in a liquid reactant metal is loaded into a containment area defined within a liquid reactant metal treatment vessel. The containment area is then placed below the level of the liquid reactant metal in the treatment vessel. This places the target material in contact with the liquid reactant metal and allows the desired reactions to occur. Reaction products are then removed from the treatment vessel. Placing the containment area below the level of liquid reactant metal in the treatment vessel may be accomplished by pivoting the vessel from a loading position to a treating position to shift the level of liquid reactant metal in the vessel.09-18-2008
20130171033High Thermal Stable Hollow Mesoporous Nanotubes, Preparation and Application for the Same - The present invention relates to hierarchical structured nanotubes, to a method for preparing the same and to an application for the same, wherein the nanotubes include a plurality of connecting nanotubes for constituting a three-dimensional multi-dendrite morphology; and the method includes the following steps: (A) providing a polymer template including a plurality of organic nanowires; (B) forming an inorganic layer on the surface of the organic nanowires in the polymer template; and (C) performing a heat treatment on the polymer template having the inorganic layer on the surface so that partial atoms of the organic nanowires enter the inorganic layer.07-04-2013
20080219898Secondary Containment for a Perforated Plate - A secondary containment system is used with a screenless reactor. The secondary containment system includes a screen sized to prevent the passage of catalyst particles, and is affixed to the screenless reactor with supports to hold the screen a desired distance from the reactor.09-11-2008
20080206113Hydrogen Generating Fuel Cell Cartridges - A gas-generating apparatus (08-28-2008
20110223070CONTAINER HAVING OXYGEN SCAVENGING SYSTEM - A polyethylene terephthalate container having a hydrogen generator and catalyst disposed or otherwise incorporated in components of the container, including the closure, closure insert, label, label glue, and/or any other portions of the final container assembly. In addition, the catalyst and the hydrogen generator can both be located in the same component. Methods for dispersing the hydrogen generator and catalyst in the container wall without affecting clarity are provided.09-15-2011
20130149201SPRAY CLEANER ACCESSORY FOR REACTOR COMPONENT CLEANING - A reactor assembly including a first block having an array of reactors defined therein and a second block having an array of nozzles. The array of nozzles extends from a surface of the second block, the array of nozzles substantially aligned with the array of reactors so that each reactor is associated with a corresponding nozzle extending into a processing region of each reactor in the array of reactors when the surface of the second block is placed on a surface of the first block. Each nozzle of the array of nozzles has a plurality of openings disposed over a surface of the nozzle for dispersing fluid into the corresponding reactor. The array of nozzles is in fluid communication with a fluid source through a network of channels defined within the second block.06-13-2013
20130149202REACTOR VESSEL VALVE SYSTEM - A valve system (06-13-2013
20100316535Decontamination Systems and Methods of Use Thereof - A system for reducing biological and/or chemical contaminants within a feed fluid stream includes in one embodiment at least one recuperator having a cold pass and a hot pass, wherein a contaminated fluid stream is introduced into the cold pass of the recuperator; optionally heating the feed fluid stream using a heater; and introducing the feed fluid stream into a compressor, and compressing the fluid stream to an elevated pressure, resulting in heating of the fluid stream to an elevated temperature, thereby producing a decontaminated fluid stream.12-16-2010
20110311401SWING REACTOR AND PROCESS FOR OXYCHLORINATION - A reactor with swing feeds is provided for oxychlorination. This reactor comprises multiple inlets with controls capable of introducing feed streams sequentially to the reactor. In one configuration, a feed stream comprises a paraffin or olefin hydrocarbon such as methane or ethylene, and a second feed stream comprises oxygen and hydrogen chloride. By segregating these feeds, combustion reactions can be minimized and yields of chlorinated components increased.12-22-2011
20120020841BLADED REACTOR FOR THE PYROLYSIS OF HYDROCARBONS - A bladed reactor for the pyrolysis of hydrocarbons comprises a rotor with working blades that form an axial bladed cascade, a fixed toroidal collar that adjoins the ends of said blades, and a housing that surrounds the collar and the periphery of the rotor in such a manner that a passage with an annular meridional section is formed. One or more barriers are mounted in the passage, an inlet orifice being arranged after each barrier and an outlet orifice being arranged in front of each barrier. Nozzle blades forming a nozzle cascade are mounted on the inlet side of the rotor cascade, and diffuser blades forming a diffuser cascade are mounted on the outlet side of the rotor cascade. There is a space without blades between the outlet of the diffuser cascade and the inlet of the nozzle cascade. The group of nozzle blades arranged directly after each barrier can be separated off from the remaining nozzle blades by a diaphragm such that a channel is formed connecting the corresponding inlet orifice to said group of blades, which makes it easier to start up the reactor.01-26-2012
20120087835CATALYST COMPOSITIONS AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF - In one aspect, structural catalyst bodies comprising one or more gradients of catalytic material are provided herein. In some embodiments, a structural catalyst body described herein comprises an inner partition wall having a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface, the inner partition wall having a gradient of catalytic material along the width of the inner partition wall.04-12-2012
20120093692AUTOMATED FLUID HANDLING SYSTEM - Automated fluid handling system comprising a housing (04-19-2012

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