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METHOD OF OPERATION

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416 - Fluid reaction surfaces (i.e., impellers)

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DocumentTitleDate
20100143121METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIND TURBINE WITH REDUCED BLADE FOULING - A method of operating a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine has at least one rotor blade and an active flow control (AFC) system. The at least one rotor blade has at least one aperture defined through a surface thereof, and the AFC system is configured to modify aerodynamic properties of the at least one rotor blade by ejecting gas through the at least one aperture. The method includes operating the wind turbine in a first mode, determining an environmental condition surrounding the wind turbine indicative of fouling of the AFC system, and operating the wind turbine in a second mode different than the first mode based on the environmental condition. The second mode facilitates reducing fouling of the AFC system.06-10-2010
20090324406BLADE FOR REDUCING THE DRAG MOVEMENTS OF SAID BLADE, AND A METHOD OF REDUCING SUCH A DRAG MOVEMENT12-31-2009
20100080702WIND TURBINE GENERATOR AND ITS CONTROL METHOD - A wind turbine generator system is provided with a nacelle supporting a wind turbine rotor, a nacelle rotation mechanism, an anemometer, and a control apparatus controlling the nacelle rotation mechanism. Said control apparatus calculates the wind direction deviation from the wind direction measured by the anemometer and the direction of the wind turbine rotor. Said control apparatus performs a yaw rotation of the nacelle by the nacelle rotation mechanism when any of conditions (1) and (2) is satisfied; the condition (1) is a condition under which a state where the absolute value of said wind direction deviation is equal to or more than a first threshold value continues for a first duration predetermined, and the condition (2) is a condition under which a state where the absolute value of said wind direction deviation is equal to or more than a second threshold value larger than said first threshold value continues for a second duration shorter than said first duration.04-01-2010
20110194934Rotor Hub Vibration Attenuator - A vibration attenuator for an aircraft has at least one weight mounted in a rotating system of a rotor hub of the aircraft, each weight being rotatable about an axis of rotation of the hub relative to the hub and to each other weight. Drive means are provided for rotating each weight about the axis of rotation at a selected speed for creating oscillatory shear forces that oppose and attenuate rotor-induced vibrations having a selected frequency. A vertically oriented vibration attenuator is configured to oppose and attenuate vertical rotor induced oscillatory forces that would otherwise travel vertical down the rotor mast and into the airframe.08-11-2011
20090123282ROTATING MACHINE BALANCING MEMBER ASSEMBLY INCLUDING MULTIPLE INTERLOCKING BALANCING MEMBERS - A rotating machine includes a stationary member and a rotating member moveable relative to the stationary member. The rotating member includes at least one balancing member assembly receiving portion having a plurality of internal threads. The rotating machine also includes a balancing member assembly including first and second interlocking balancing members. The balancing member assembly also includes a plurality of external threads that are operatively connected to the internal threads of the balancing member assembly receiving portion. With this arrangement, the balancing member assembly provides a dynamic balance for the rotating member.05-14-2009
20100047068AEROENGINE - A method of operating a contra-rotating propeller engine that preferably comprises a 12 bladed front and a 9 bladed rear propeller. As is conventional, the engine is operated during at least a take-off phase, a cruise phase and an approach phase; during the cruise phase the engine operates with a generally constant propeller tip speed. The method is characterised by the step of operating the engine such that the tip speed of either or both of the propellers, during at least one of take-off, climb or approach, at least 10% greater than cruise tip speed. With a specific front to rear propeller spacing, increasing the tip speed reduces overall noise generated by the propellers.02-25-2010
20120243989WIND TURBINE LOAD MITIGATION DEVICE AND PORT CONFIGURATION - An active sensing system for wind turbines is described. The sensing system may include a plurality of ports, a local sensing device and a load mitigation device and may be operably coupled to a control system. The plurality of ports, local sensing device, and load mitigation device may be operably coupled and configured to monitor air pressure on wind turbine blades, determine if proper sensing operation is occurring, and eradicate an obstruction if proper sensing operation is being prevented by the obstruction. Associated methods performing the sensing and eradication of the obstruction including purging and deicing are disclosed. Wind turbines and wind turbine blades with the active sensing system are also described.09-27-2012
20120243988PORT PURGING AND DEICING SYSTEM - An active sensing system for wind turbines is described. The sensing system may include a plurality of ports, a local sensing device and a load mitigation device and may be operably coupled to a control system. The plurality of ports, local sensing device, and load mitigation device may be operably coupled and configured to monitor air pressure on wind turbine blades, determine if proper sensing operation is occurring, and eradicate an obstruction if proper sensing operation is being prevented by the obstruction. Associated methods performing the sensing and eradication of the obstruction including purging and deicing are disclosed. Wind turbines and wind turbine blades with the active sensing system are also described.09-27-2012
20130078092DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ROTATION SPEED OF A VERTICAL AXIS WINDMILL BY USING ROTATING CENTRIFUGAL FORCE OF ROTOR BLADES - A method for controlling rotation speed of a vertical axis windmill by using rotating centrifugal force of blades comprises the steps of a. forming the rotor blades; b. rotation of the rotor blades; and c. lift control. A device for controlling rotation speed of the vertical axis windmill comprises a plate mounted on each of the rotor blades, then an elastic lift control device provides an elasticity to press the plate against the rotor blades, and the centrifugal force produced by the rotation of the vertical axis windmill counteracts the elasticity, so as to create an automatically adjustable, passively controlled and durable windmill.03-28-2013
20130034439Method for lubricating at least one blade pitch bearing of a wind turbine - A method for lubricating at least one blade pitch bearing of a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine includes a rotor hub with a number of rotor blades, with each rotor blade being supported to the rotor hub by at least one blade pitch bearing. At least one rotor blade is pitchable and a rotor blade pitch control device adapted to control pitching of the at least one rotor blade. The state of lubrication of at least one blade pitch bearing by a lubrication detection device generating at least one lubrication information signal indicating a degree of lubrication of the at least one blade pitch bearing by measuring the electrical capacitance and/or resistance of the at least one blade pitch bearing. A rotor blade lubricating device is actuated to perform at least one action to lubricate the at least one blade pitch bearing, if the lubrication information signal indicates that the at least one blade pitch bearing is not sufficiently lubricated.02-07-2013
20100014970WIND TURBINE BLADE WITH LIFT-REGULATING MEANS IN FORM OF SLOTS OR HOLES01-21-2010
20130028733Wind turbine having flow-aligned blades - A wind turbine blade is configured such that the lift force from the blade airfoil is always normal, or nearly normal, to the shaft torque. This condition maximizes energy conversion. This objective may be achieved by a) having the airfoil chord always aligned to the actual wind direction (subject only to small angle of attack variations), and b) slowing the turbine rotation rate so that no blade twist is needed. As a result, blade tip speed due to shaft rotation is less than the wind speed, and preferably much less. This low tip speed eliminates any hazard to birds. The lift force from the blade airfoil directly drives the torque on the shaft, so the control problem simplifies to adjusting the blade angle of attack to keep the lift constant across varying wind speeds.01-31-2013
20120183399METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BALANCING WIND TURBINES - A method for balancing blades of a wind turbine comprises several steps. First, vibration sensor readings are taken while wind turbine blades are in a pre-balancing configuration. These vibration sensor readings are used to determine initial blade imbalance. Next, vibration sensor readings are taken while wind turbine blades are in a first and a second pitch offset configuration. These vibration sensor readings are used to determine system response to the first and second pitch offset configurations. A correction pitch configuration is determined from the initial blade imbalance and the system response. Finally, blades of the wind turbine are pitched according to the correction pitch configuration.07-19-2012
20120183398SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING FLOW THROUGH A ROTOR - A system for controlling flow through a rotor includes an inlet port in the rotor and an outlet port in the rotor. The outlet port is in fluid communication with the inlet port. A variable orifice is disposed in at least one of the inlet or outlet ports. A method for controlling flow through a rotor includes diverting a process fluid and flowing the diverted process fluid through a fluid passage in the rotor. The method further includes reducing the flow of the diverted process fluid through the fluid passage in the rotor.07-19-2012
20130078093METHOD FOR DE-ICING THE BLADES OF A WIND TURBINE AND A WIND TURBINE WITH A DE-ICING SYSTEM - The invention refers to a method for de-icing a blade of a wind turbine. The de-icing is carried out by means of stalling the wind turbine and at least to a position where enough turbulence is created to induce vibrations in the blade allowing ice to break off.03-28-2013
20100074748Method For Operating A Wind Turbine, A Wind Turbine And Use Of The Method - A method for operating a wind turbine having a rotor with a number of wind turbine blades, wherein the rotor's axis of rotation is tilted in relation to the direction of the incoming wind, includes the steps of determining the azimuth angle (A) of the blades and adjusting the pitch angle of the blades in accordance with the azimuth angle (A) to ensure a substantially constant angle of attack (AoA) during at least a full rotation of the rotor. A wind turbine and use of the method are also contemplated.03-25-2010
20130039760OIL MIST SEPARATION IN GAS TURBINE ENGINES - A rotor stage is provided which comprises a shank passage for separating liquid from secondary air system (SAS) air. The shank passage is formed between a radially outer surface of a disc post, a radially inner surface of one or more blade platforms, and the shanks of two neighbouring blades. In use,02-14-2013
20130039758TURBINE AIRFOIL AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING A TEMPERATURE OF A TURBINE AIRFOIL - According to one aspect of the invention, a turbine airfoil includes a platform and a blade extending from the platform. The airfoil also includes a slot formed in a slashface of the platform, the slot being configured to receive a pressurized fluid via passages and configured to direct the pressurized fluid to a selected region of the turbine airfoil to improve airfoil life.02-14-2013
20130039759DE-ICING SYSTEM FOR MODULAR COUNTER ROTATING PROPELLER - A disclosed example self-contained counter rotating turbo prop system includes a power generating system that produces electric power for a de-icing system. A bearing/generator assembly includes a plurality of permanent magnets and coil assemblies separated by an air gap. Relative rotation between first and second parts of the bearing/generator assembly provides for the generation of electric power utilized to drive the heating elements mounted to the propeller blades.02-14-2013
20130136594WIND TURBINE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME - A wind turbine is provided with a rotor rotatable about a rotor axis and having a plurality of blades rotatably fitted to a hub about a blade axis and a plurality of pitch actuators configured to adjust the pitch angles of the blades; a brake controlled by a brake actuator configured to arrest the rotor; a rotating electric machine connected to the rotor; an inverter configured to control the rotating electric machine; and a control system including a plurality of image reflection measuring devices configured to detect the deformations of each blade and configured to emit control signals configured to selectively control at least one of pitch actuators; the brake actuator; and the inverter as a function of the deformations retrieved.05-30-2013
20100104435Under water power plant - The invention relates to an underwater power plant, comprising 04-29-2010
20100040468Method Of Operating A Wind Turbine, A Wind Turbine And A Cluster Of Wind Turbines - A method of operating a wind turbine above a predefined wind velocity comprising the step of operating a control parameter of the wind turbine within a tolerance band from a reference set-point curve of that control parameter. A wind turbine and a cluster of wind turbines is also contemplated.02-18-2010
20130209252System and Method of Actuating a Swashplate for Main Rotor Control - The main rotor control system includes a rise/fall swashplate assembly that is coupled to three triplex actuators. The swashplate assembly is configured to provide full collective and cyclic pitch controls. Each triplex actuator includes three piston/cylinder assemblies in parallel. Selective actuation of each triplex actuator is controlled by a fly-by-wire system in conjunction with three flight control computers and three hydraulic power packs. Integrated three function valves can be associated with an individual manifold for each piston/cylinder assembly of each triplex actuator, the integrated three function valve be configured to insure safe operation of the triplex actuator during a failure of a certain piston/cylinder assembly.08-15-2013
20130045099Compound Rotating Handle - A paddle apparatus for standup paddling of surfboards or like water craft, having a plurality of hand grip portions rotatably mounted relative to the paddle shaft, and a means of paddling whereby the operator can ergonomically paddle with greater power and control on either side of the water craft without breaking either hand grip. A further improvement includes using the handgrip in the position perpendicular to the paddle shaft to determine the blade position by feel and steer with greater torque. An alternative embodiment includes rotation of the grip itself, further reducing the twisting of the wrists and other joints.02-21-2013
20130045098Cyclic Pitch Control System for Wind Turbine Blades - In a wind turbine, an open loop control algorithm for incrementally or positively adjusting the pitch angles of individual rotor blades may be used to increase spacing between the base of the turbine tower and an approaching blade tip. As each rotating blade passes in front of the tower base, a minimum clearance distance may be assured to avoid blade tip strikes of the base. In accordance with at least one embodiment of the control algorithm, as each blade approaches the tower base, it may be feathered to reduce its power loading, and to facilitate increased clearance beyond the normal unloading or feathering produced by the so-called tower shadow effect. To offset resultant loss of torque, the remaining blades may be correspondingly pitched toward power, i.e. into the wind, to balance and/or smooth out the overall rotor torque curve, and thus to avoid torque ripples.02-21-2013
20130084181SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TESTING FANS - A fan test system includes a control module. The control module includes a temperature-speed table storing standard speeds at different temperatures of a fan, a counter loaded with a default value, and a fan speed control unit setting the time interval for obtaining the actual speed of a fan corresponding to a certain temperature. The fan speed control unit obtains the actual speed of the fan at every interval time, and determines whether the speeds obtained at predetermined continuous interval times are equal. The fan speed control unit obtains the standard speed of the fan according to the certain temperature if the speeds are equal. It indicates the fan is qualified in response to the actual speed being equal to the standard speed.04-04-2013
20130084179VARIABLE VANE ANGULAR POSITION SENSOR - A variable vane control system for use with a gas turbine engine includes an actuator, a mechanical linkage assembly, and a vane position sensor. The gas turbine engine has a plurality of variable vanes each having an airfoil disposed in a gas flow path of the gas turbine engine. The plurality of variable vanes includes a first variable vane. The mechanical linkage assembly operably connects the actuator to at least the first variable vane. The vane position sensor is connected to one of the first variable vane or a portion of the mechanical linkage assembly proximate the first variable vane for sensing angular position of the first variable vane.04-04-2013
20130084182WIND ENERGY INSTALLATION AZIMUTH OR PITCH DRIVE - There is provided a wind power installation azimuth or pitch drive having a travelling wave drive.04-04-2013
20130084180Fan With Power Deployed Fan Blade - A rotating fan with a transmission mechanism and a blade deployment mechanism. In an energized state, an electromagnetic coil generates a magnetic force that causes a clutch plate to be in contact with a contact surface, thereby engaging a planetary gear system. In a de-energized state, the clutch plate is not in contact with the contact surface, thereby disengaging the planetary gear system. In a deployed configuration, a drive link activated by the planetary gear system rotates a blade link to cause a fan blade to pivot. The result is that the fan blade tip is farther from the motor shaft than the fan blade root. In a retracted configuration, the drive link rotates the blade link to cause the fan blade to pivot and retract. The result is that the fan blade tip is equidistant from the motor shaft as the fan blade root.04-04-2013
20100092288Pitch of Blades on a Wind Power Plant - The present invention relates to a blade for a wind power plant with an assembly face for mounting in a circular pitch bearing, whose pitch axis is angled relative to the longitudinal axis of the blade, and wherein the blade comprises a root part with an approximately elliptic cross-section, in which root part the assembly face is arranged. The invention further relates to a wind power plant in general having a pitch-adjustable blade mounted in a pitch bearing such that the distance between the outermost part of the blade and the tower is increased when the leading edge of the blade is pitched up in the wind. This is accomplished in that the longitudinal axis of the blade is angled in a particular way compared to its pitch axis. The invention also relates to a meth controlling a wind power plant, including to increase the rotor area and/or increasing the distance between the outermost part of at least one blade and the tower by regulating, during operation, the pitch of a blade about a pitch axis which is angled relative to the longitudinal axis of the blade.04-15-2010
20090104033APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTING A FLUID - A backpack frame for a power blower and yard treatment sprayer system is provided in one embodiment of the present invention. The frame includes a first portion and a second portion extending outwardly from the first portion. The second portion is adapted for carrying the power blower thereon and has a hollowed out section. A cavity is further defined by the hollowed out section of the second portion and defined for holding a yard treatment mixture. A supply pipe is provided with a first end in communication with the cavity and a second inlet end positioned externally for filling the cavity with the yard treatment mixture. A tube is also provided with a first end in communication with the cavity and a second exit end positioned externally from the frame and terminating into a flow of air defined by power blower. Lastly, the frame includes straps for attaching the frame on the back of an operator.04-23-2009
20130028736METHOD FOR LUBRICATING AT LEAST ONE BEARING OF A WIND TURBINE - A method for lubricating a bearing of a variable-pitch wind turbine is disclosed. The electrical capacitance and/or resistance of the bearing is measured and the state of lubrication of the bearing by is determined from the measurement. The bearing is lubricated when state of lubrication indicates that the bearing is insufficiently lubricated. A variable-pitch wind turbine is using the method is also disclosed01-31-2013
20130028735BLADE COOLING AND SEALING SYSTEM - A cooled component for a gas turbine engine, for example a turbine rotor blade, is provided. The component has an internal cooling flow passage. Cooling air is passed through the internal cooling flow passage to remove heat from the component and thereby reduce its temperature. The cooling air is bled from the internal cooling passage after it has passed through a portion of the passage into an internal bleed flow passage. This bled air is then used in a seal. Thus, some of the cooling air that enters the internal cooling flow passage is used both to cool the component and to form a seal, for example with another component.01-31-2013
20130028734MAGNETIC ACTIVE FLAP - The present invention relates to a wind turbine blade for a rotor of a wind turbine having a substantially horizontal rotor shaft and a hub connected to the rotor shaft, the blade extending in a substantially radial direction from the hub, when mounted to the hub, wherein the blade comprises: a profiled contour comprising a pressure side and a suction side and a leading edge and a trailing edge connecting the pressure side and the suction side, a lift regulating device, and an operation device comprising an electromagnet configured to operate the lift regulating device between a first state and a second state. The lift regulating device comprises a magnetisable material.01-31-2013
20130089421GAS TURBINE ENGINE AIRFOIL TIP RECESSES - A gas turbine engine airfoil extending from an airfoil base to an airfoil tip at a free end of the airfoil and from a leading edge to a trailing edge of the airfoil has at least one recess extending into and circumferentially completely through the airfoil tip and located inwardly of the leading and trailing edges. The recess is located in an area of the airfoil tip subject to high tip vibratory stress and or rubs and may be a circular scallop having a scallop radius and a maximum depth of a few mills in a range of about 0.005-0.01 inches as measured from a nominal tip edge without the recess. The airfoil may be on a radial blade, a stator vane, or an impeller blade. An annular tip seal may surround a plurality of such airfoil tips with an airfoil tip clearance therebetween.04-11-2013
20130052011ADVANCED WARNING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A TURBINE - An advanced warning system for a turbine, the system comprising: one or more near-field and far-field sensors locatable remotely from the turbine and upstream of the turbine; a communication link between the turbine and the one or more near-field and far-field sensors for transmitting data from the one or more near-field and far-field sensors to the turbine; and a controller for adjusting operational settings of the turbine, wherein, in use, the controller adjusts the operational settings as a function of the received data from the one or more near-field and far-field sensors.02-28-2013
20130052009BUCKET ASSEMBLY TREATING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TREATING BUCKET ASSEMBLY - A bucket assembly and a method for treating a bucket assembly are disclosed. The bucket assembly includes a platform, the platform defining a platform cooling circuit, and an airfoil extending generally radially outward from the platform, the airfoil defining an airfoil cooling circuit. The bucket assembly additionally includes a lower body portion extending generally radially inward from the platform, the lower body portion defining a root and a cooling passage extending from the root, the cooling passage in fluid communication with the airfoil cooling circuit. The bucket assembly further includes a transfer passage defined between and in fluid communication with the airfoil cooling circuit and the platform cooling circuit such that a cooling medium may flow from the airfoil cooling circuit through the transfer passage to the platform cooling circuit.02-28-2013
20130052010Method to control the operation of a wind turbine - A method to control the operation of a wind turbine is provided. According to the method a sound of a bat in the area of the wind turbine is detected. According to the detected sound of the bat in the area of the wind turbine a parameter for the operation of the wind turbine is set.02-28-2013
20130052008GAS TURBINE ENGINE AIRFOIL BAFFLE - An airfoil includes an airfoil wall having an exterior airfoil surface and an interior surface. The interior surface provides an airfoil cavity. A baffle is arranged in the airfoil cavity and provides a baffle wall having first and second portions spaced from one another on first and second sides. A tube interconnects the first and second portions and is configured to convey fluid through the tube between the first and second sides. The airfoil is cooled by supplying cooling fluid to a baffle arranged within an airfoil. The cooling fluid is passed through baffle cooling holes to a gap between the baffle and airfoil to cool an interior surface of the airfoil. A portion of cooling fluid is conveyed from one gap location to another gap through a tube in the baffle. Another portion of the cooling fluid is passed through film cooling holes in the airfoil.02-28-2013
20090304506METHOD AND DEVICE FOR BRAKING THE ROTOR OF A WIND ENERGY PLANT - The invention relates to a method and device for braking the rotor of a wind energy plant, comprising rotor blades (12-10-2009
20090304505ROTOR BLADE FOR A WIND POWER STATION - Described is a rotor blade for a wind power installation having a rotor blade leading edge. A deposit sensor device is arranged in the region of the rotor blade leading edge. That deposit sensor device has a transmitter for the wireless transmission of signals by way of a transmission link and a receiver for receiving the signals wirelessly transmitted by way of the transmission link. Deposits on the surface can be detected in the region of the transmission link on the basis of the signals transmitted by way of the transmission link.12-10-2009
20130071244WIND TURBINE WITH A CENTRIFUGAL FORCE DRIVEN ADJUSTABLE PITCH ANGLE AND CABLES RETAINING BLADES IN A HUB - A wind turbine includes rotor blades pivotably mounted in a gondola such that the pitch of the blades is adjustable, and pitch adjustment mounted coaxially and pivotably on the rotor axle such that the pitch adjustment are rotatable relative to that axle. The gondola is furthermore connected via torsion positioning to the axle, such that it can rotate relative to the pitch adjustment to adjust the pitch of the rotor blades. The wind turbine may also include a cable for each rotor blade, which are each with one end connected to the blade and with their opposite end to the rotor axle, such that the blades are supported by the cables against movement in the radially outward direction.03-21-2013
20130058785VIBRATION DAMPER FOR ROTATING PARTS - A rotating element for a rotating machine, in particular for a turbine machine, is provided with a vibration damper for vibrations of the rotating element during operation of the machine. The vibration damper includes a closed cavity in the body of the rotating element. In the closed cavity there is located a movable solid damping body as well as a damping medium. The damping medium is based on a metal which is in liquid state at the operation temperature where damping is desired. It furthermore relates to turbo machines equipped with such rotating elements as well as to uses of liquid metal for such vibration dampers.03-07-2013
20130058784PITCH LOCK SYSTEM - A pitch lock system for a wind turbine with a rotor having at least one pitchable or at least partially pitchable blade connected to the rotor at a interface, the blade having an outer blade part and an inner blade part, the blade parts being interconnected at an interface, having a pitch bearing construction with a first bearing ring and a second bearing ring for pitching at least a part of the blade in relation to the rotor. The pitch lock system has a movable toothed segment for interacting with at least one toothed element, and where the pitch lock system further includes an actuator for activating and moving the movable toothed segment into engagement with the toothed element, and thus, locking the pitch bearing construction and thus locking the pitch bearing in the actual position.03-07-2013
20110038726INDEPENDENT VARIABLE BLADE PITCH AND GEOMETRY WIND TURBINE - A variable blade pitch wind turbine and method of passively varying the blade pitch is presented. Each blade of the turbine rotor can individually and passively rotate about a respective blade axis to continuously vary the pitch of the blades to adjust to the ever changing wind speed and direction without active controls or other mechanical or electrical induced inputs to force rotational movement of the blades. Sections of each blade can respectively rotate to change the blade twist. In one example, a second rotor is used to increase the electrical generation and efficiency of the blade turbine.02-17-2011
20110014046SYSTEM OF COUNTER-ROTATING PROPELLERS WITH A FEATHERING DEVICE FOR PROPELLER BLADES - A system of counter-rotating propellers for an aircraft turbine engine including a first and a second propeller, each including a stalling control system for the blades, a rotating actuating mechanism for sliding an element to move the angle of attack of the blades, and a disengaging mechanism for rigidly fixing in rotation the rotating actuating mechanism. The system is designed so that when the disengaging mechanism is engaged, a relative rotation speed is created between the elements and the associated rotating actuating mechanism thereof, bringing the blades into a neutral position thereof for feathering.01-20-2011
20090285681WIND-OPERATED POWER GENERATOR - The invention relates to a method for converting the kinetic energy contained in horizontal currents of naturally occurring fluids that float above ground to useful mechanical energy. At least one circulating element (11-19-2009
20130164131FLUID ELASTOMERIC DAMPER ASSEMBLY INCLUDING INTERNAL PUMPING MECHANISM AND CONTROL VALVE - A rotary wing system with a rotating blade and a fluid damper with a damper fluid in a first variable volume chamber and a second variable volume chamber, with a fluid damping flow valve controlled conduit and a fluid flow pressure sensing control valve assembly between the first variable volume chamber and the second variable volume chamber. The fluid flow pressure sensing control valve assembly has a fluid flow pressure sensing control valve assembly control valve for obstructing a damper fluid flow through the fluid damping flow valve controlled conduit. A working of the first variable volume chamber and the second variable volume chamber by rotary wing motions actuates the opening of the fluid flow pressure sensing control valve assembly control valve that obstructs the damper fluid flow through the fluid damping flow valve controlled conduit.06-27-2013
20130189100WIND TURBINE COMPRISING A DETUNER - A wind turbine comprises a wind-driven rotor for converting wind energy to a mechanical driving force, a power converter for converting the driving force to exploitable power, and a drive train for rotatably transmitting the driving force from the wind-driven rotor to the power converter. The drive train includes: at least one rotatable driving element configured to provide at least one torsional resonance frequency in the drive train; a first detuner having at least one first mass element with a first mass inertia and at least one first elastic element with first elastic properties; and a second detuner having at least one second mass element with a second mass inertia and at least one second elastic element with second elastic properties. The first and second mass elements and first and second elastic elements are arranged to rotate during operation of the wind turbine. The torsional resonance frequency is influenced by the first and second mass inertias and the first and second first elastic properties.07-25-2013
20090246019WIND TURBINE MONITORING - A method of detecting the formation of ice on the blades of a wind turbine 10-01-2009
20120114483Microprocessor system for controlling rotor pitch - A rotor blade is used in combination with a submersible electrical generator for generating electricity to be put into the grid, where the pitch of the rotor blade is controlled by a microprocessor. The microprocessor controls a radio frequency transmitter which emits signals to a receiver which controls a hydraulic value. The hydraulic valve controls a push-pull arrangement which through a right angle gear and pitch adjustment axial adjust the rotor pitch according to pre-programmed conditions stored in the microprocessor.05-10-2012
20120114482METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIND TURBINE WITH REDUCED BLADE FOULING - A method of operating a wind turbine having at least one rotor blade and an active flow control (AFC) system is provided. The at least one rotor blade has at least one aperture defined through a surface thereof, and the AFC system is configured to modify aerodynamic properties of the rotor blade by ejecting gas through the aperture. The method includes operating the wind turbine in a normal mode, determining whether an estimated insect density value surrounding the wind turbine is above an insect density threshold value based on a measured environmental condition, and changing a mode of the wind turbine from the normal mode to a cleaning mode different than the normal mode based on the estimated insect density value. The cleaning mode includes adjusting at least one operation parameter of the wind turbine based on the estimated insect density value such that fouling of the aperture is reduced.05-10-2012
20120114481WIND TURBINE AND CONTROL METHOD OF A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine includes a rotor and a main shaft, wherein the main shaft is coupled to the rotor for transforming wind energy into kinetic energy of rotation of the main shaft. The main shaft is mechanically coupled to a main generator of the wind turbine, wherein the main generator transforms kinetic energy of rotation into electrical energy. Further, a brake system is provided which has an energy recovery arrangement for recovering at least part of the kinetic energy of the rotation of the main shaft when a rotational speed of the rotor is reduced by the brake system.05-10-2012
20120114480SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COOLING A TURBINE BUCKET - A turbine bucket includes an airfoil, a platform adjacent to the airfoil, and a shank adjacent to the platform. The shank defines a shank cavity, and a divider in the shank cavity creates a pressure differential across the shank cavity. A method for cooling a turbine bucket includes directing a fluid to a forward shank cavity and creating a pressure differential between the forward shank cavity and an aft shank cavity.05-10-2012
20120237346METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ALLEVIATING THE LOADS GENERATED IN WIND TURBINES BY WIND ASYMMETRIES - A method for alleviating rotor asymmetric loads in a variable-speed wind turbine having pitch and torque control means comprising the following steps: providing a control law that determines the pitch to be applied individually to each wind turbine blade for counteracting rotor asymmetric loads (such as wind shear, upflow, yaw misalignment) using wind speed and wind direction measurements at the wind turbine, values of the wind features that cause rotor asymmetric loads and configuration parameters of the wind turbine (whether real-time values or statistical values at the wind turbine site), said pitch to be added to the collective pitch θ09-20-2012
20100021298Wind Turbine Blade Position Determination System - A system for determining the position of at least a part of a wind turbine blade by wireless transmission of a signal includes a transmitter arrangement attached to a wind turbine blade, a receiving arrangement, and at least one position calculation computer, wherein the signal is wirelessly transmitted from the at least one transmitter arrangement to the receiving arrangement, and wherein the position calculation computer calculates position indicative data on the basis of the signal received by the receiving arrangement and wherein the position indicative data indicates a position of at least a part of the wind turbine blade.01-28-2010
20110033291ENERGY TRANSFER SYSTEM - A system comprises an enclosure comprising an interior, a drive shaft opening, and a first auxiliary drive shaft opening. A drive gear is disposed within the enclosure. A first auxiliary gear is disposed within the enclosure. The enclosure aligns the drive gear and the first auxiliary gear such that the drive gear is configured to drive the first auxiliary gear. The drive gear couples to an end of a drive shaft. The first auxiliary gear couples to a first end of a first auxiliary drive shaft. The drive shaft extends from the interior through the drive shaft opening. The first auxiliary drive shaft extends from the interior through the first auxiliary drive shaft opening.02-10-2011
20110182731WIND TURBINE BLADE AND WIND TURBINE GENERATOR HAVING THE SAME - A wind turbine blade has a blade body 07-28-2011
20100047067SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ADAPTIVE BLADE CONTROL SURFACE ADJUSTMENT - A system and methods for reducing vibration in a rotatable member are provided. The system includes a blade tracking sensor, a rotatable member comprising an adjustable aspect, and a control computer. The control computer is configured to determine an axial position of each blade, determine a first blade that is displaced by a greatest distance along the axis in a first direction, modify an aspect of the first blade to facilitate reducing a vibration in the rotary blade system, determine if the vibration level in the rotary blade system is reduced, and select another rotatable member to modify such that a vibration in the rotary blade system is facilitated being further reduced.02-25-2010
20130164130STIRLING ENGINE WITH FLAPPING WING FOR AN EMISSION-FREE AIRCRAFT - Aircraft with an emission-free drive and method for emission-free driving of an aircraft. The aircraft includes a drive device, having a flapping wing device, structured and arranged to generate thrust, a lift device structured and arranged to generate lift, and a heat engine, having at least one flat-plate Stirling engine drivable by solar thermal radiation, structured and arranged to convert thermal energy into kinetic energy to drive the drive device. The flapping wing device includes at least one flapping wing, which is pivotable transverse to a flight direction,06-27-2013
20130164129Hub Assembly with Grease Lubricated Roller Bearing and Tension-Torsion Strap - A rotary system and method to control feathering and centrifugal forces of a rotor blade during flight. The rotary system having a hub assembly, which includes a hollow yoke arm to receive a spindle section of the rotor blade. A tension-torsion strap extends through the hollow yoke arm and couples the rotor blade and the hub assembly. The method includes allowing the spindle section of the rotor blade to pivot within the hollow yoke arm and controlling rotational and centrifugal movement of the rotor blade with the tension-torsion strap.06-27-2013
20110293419System and Methods for Wind Energy Recapture From a Non Natural Wind Source - The present invention relates to a system and method for harvesting wind energy from air exhausted by other systems. Ventilation and heat exchange systems force air movement using fans. Exhaust airflow may also be the result of a combustion system. The exhaust air is generally wasted as it is diffused back to the atmosphere. Significant energy may be recovered from this exhaust air using relatively small turbines inserted into the airflow. Careful positioning of the turbine maximizes the recovery efficiency.12-01-2011
20110293418DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING WIND TURBINE - In a conventional technique, a shutdown sequence indicating a sequential operation from a start of the feathering of a wind turbine to the stop is started in response to an alert signal caused by an external factor. In the present invention, when the alert is called off during the shutdown sequence, the shutdown sequence is stopped, and the recovery control by which the pitch angle of the wind turbine blade is controlled toward the fine state is performed. By such a control, the stop period of the wind turbine under the shutdown can be shortened, so that the decrease in the operating rate of the wind farm can be suppressed.12-01-2011
20110293417WIND TURBINE GENERATOR HAVING A DETECTION UNIT FOR DETECTING FOREIGN OBJECT INSIDE ROTOR AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF - In order to provide a wind turbine generator and an operation method of the wind turbine generator which is not subjected to damages caused by foreign objects inside a rotor hub, the wind turbine generator comprises blades, a rotor hub to which the blades are fixed, a rotating shaft such as a main shaft and a coupling being connected to the rotor hub and rotating with the rotor hub, a FO detection sensor arranged inside the rotor hub for detecting a foreign object inside the rotor hub, a brake device such as a pitch control unit and a parking brake for stopping the rotation of the rotating shaft, and a controller for controlling the brake device to stop the rotation of the rotating shaft when the FO detection sensor detects the foreign object.12-01-2011
20110280722Wind turbine - A wind turbine for power generation is provided. The wind turbine includes a power generating unit and a rotor having a plurality of blades. To control power output of the wind turbine, the blades are capable of being pitched by a blade pitch adjusting device. The wind turbine also includes a pitch control unit for controlling the blade pitch adjusting device. Furthermore, the wind turbine includes a load determining device for determining the blade load from the pitch activity of the blades.11-17-2011
20110280725Long Term Rotor Parking on a Wind Turbine - A method for locking a rotor of a wind turbine in a long term parking state is disclosed. The method may include applying rotor brakes, enabling a long term parking configuration of the rotor and providing an emergency feather response for protecting the wind turbine against faults.11-17-2011
20110280724METHOD FOR OPERATING MECHANICAL EMERGENCY BRAKE FOR WIND TURBINES - A method for operating a mechanical emergency brake for a wind turbine is disclosed. The method includes providing a mechanical emergency brake for a wind turbine comprising a spring energy storage; measuring a variable indicative of a holding torque of a pitch drive motor; comparing said measured value of said variable with a desired value of said variable; and shutting down said wind turbine if the comparison of said actual with said desired value reveals that the wind turbine is in a fault condition.11-17-2011
20090214339METHOD AND DEVICE FOR A STREAM VORTEX TRANSFORMATION - The invention relates to wind-power engineering and makes it possible to form a swirling vortex stream, to reduce a blade aerodynamic drag, to increase a stream kinetic energy and to reduce a converter power losses. The inventive method for a stream vortex transformation consists in guiding an input three-dimensional stream towards the internal concave blade surfaces (08-27-2009
20110142623SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DISTRIBUTING AIR WITHIN A WIND TURBINE - An air distribution system for use with a wind turbine. The wind turbine includes a nacelle that is coupled to a tower and a rotor that is rotatably coupled to the nacelle with a rotor shaft. The rotor includes at least one rotor blade that is coupled to a hub. The air distribution system includes a conduit that is defined within the rotor shaft. The conduit provides flow communication between the nacelle and the rotor. An air-flow control assembly is coupled in flow communication with the conduit. The air-flow control assembly is configured to selectively channel air from the nacelle to the rotor and from the nacelle to ambient air.06-16-2011
20110142622WIND TURBINE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A WIND TURBINE - The disclosure relates to a method for controlling a wind turbine including a wind rotor shaft, a rotary encoder for measuring the azimuth angle of the wind rotor shaft, wherein the wind turbine further includes at least one impulse generating device including at least one first part and at least one second part, wherein the at least one first part is rotating with the wind rotor shaft and the least one second part is disposed stationary with respect to the wind rotor shaft such that the at least one first part moves by the at least one second part; wherein the method includes: encoding the azimuth angle of the wind rotor shaft by the rotary encoder into a rotation value; generating an impulse when one of the at least one first part moves by one of the at least one second part of the impulse generating device; comparing the rotation value at the time of a detected impulse with a reference value.06-16-2011
20090246020Method For Damping Edgewise Oscillations In One Or More Blades Of A Wind Turbine, An Active Stall Controlled Wind Turbine And Use Hereof - A method for damping edgewise oscillations in one or more blades of a wind turbine includes the steps of detecting if one or more of the blades oscillates edgewise during operation of the wind turbine, and substantially cyclically generating a pitch angle difference between at least two of the blades. Further provided is an active stall controlled wind turbine and use hereof.10-01-2009
20100266403HIGH-EFFICIENCY WINDMILL - A high-efficiency windmill includes an inner rotor having propellers for capturing wind blowing along a wind direction to push the inner rotor about an axis, and an outer rotor rotatable about the same axis independently of the inner rotor radially exteriorly of the inner rotor. The outer rotor is self-positionable in a rotor position about the axis in response to the wind direction. The outer rotor has an airfoil-shaped vane having a forward surface generally facing the wind in the rotor position, and a rear surface generally facing away from the wind in the rotor position. The rear surface creates a negative pressure zone by accelerating the wind across the rear surface. At least one of the propellers adjacent the airfoil-shaped vane in the rotor position is pulled by the negative pressure zone to assist the wind in pushing the propellers about the axis.10-21-2010
20120288371WIND TURBINE AND AN ASSOCIATED CONTROL METHOD - A partial pitch wind turbine and an associated control method are described wherein the wind turbine blade comprises an inner blade section designed as a stall-controlled blade and an outer blade section designed as a pitch-controlled blade. During operation of the wind turbine, the outer blade sections are pitched out of the wind to reduce the lift force generated in the outer blade sections, thereby reducing the blade root moments due to reduced moment arms. Meanwhile, the inner blade sections continually produce increasing power output for increasing wind speed, thereby allowing for nominal power output to be maintained while effectively de-rating the outer blade sections.11-15-2012
20110286842COUNTER-ROTATING OPEN-ROTOR (CROR) - A method of controlling a Counter-Rotating Open-Rotor (CROR) includes mechanically linking a pitch change system of a first rotor with a pitch change system of a second rotor and commanding a Blade Angle (Beta1 commanded) of the first rotor such that a Blade Angle (Beta2 Actual) of the second rotor is a function of the commanded Blade Angle (Beta1 commanded) to provide a linear relationship between an actual Blade angle (Beta1 Actual) and Beta1 commanded of the first rotor and a non-linear relationship between Beta2 Actual and Beta1 commanded.11-24-2011
20110286841COUNTER-ROTATING OPEN-ROTOR (CROR) - A method of controlling a Counter-Rotating Open-Rotor (CROR) includes measuring a speed of a first rotor and deriving a speed of a second rotor and controlling a pitch of the first rotor and the second rotor.11-24-2011
20120156032DYNAMIC CROSS-SECTION FLUID ENERGY CAPTURE - A system comprises a main shaft configured to rotate about a main shaft axis, the main shaft comprising a hub. A first axle couples to the hub and rotates about a first axle axis in a first range of motion. A first wing couples to the first axle wherein the first range of motion orients the first wing within a range of attitudes bounded by and including a first attitude and a second attitude. The first attitude presents a first cross sectional surface area relative to a predetermined fluid flow direction and the second attitude presents a second cross sectional surface area relative to the predetermined fluid flow direction. The first cross sectional surface area is larger than the second cross sectional surface area. A second axle couples to the hub and rotates about a second axle axis in a second range of motion. The second axle axis is parallel to first axle axis and a second wing couples to the second axle. The second range of motion orients the second wing within a range of attitudes bounded by and including the first attitude and the second attitude and the first range of motion and the second range of motion orient the second wing at a first angle relative to the first wing.06-21-2012
20120230821WIND POWER PREDICTION METHOD OF SINGLE WIND TURBINE GENERATOR - The present invention discloses a wind power prediction method for a single wind turbine generator, comprising: extracting a plurality of data fragments, each of which has a length of L, from a historical database to determine a feature fragment core library before a current time point T, wherein L is an integer greater than or equal to one; clustering the feature fragment core library to form w cluster subsets and w cluster centers with the adoption of a clustering algorithm, wherein w is an integer greater than or equal to one; and determining power P (T+1) at a time-point T+1 to be predicted according to the w cluster centers and a center of a current time fragment, the current time fragment representing a time period from time point T-Z to time point T, wherein Z is a step number and 1≦Z≦L.09-13-2012
20110299985Apparatus For Harvesting Energy From A Body Of Water And A Method - The invention relates to a device for harnessing energy from a body of water, which device 12-08-2011
20100135796MONITORING JOINT EFFICIENCY IN WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADES - A split wind turbine rotor blade includes a first rotor blade member, a second rotor blade member, a joint between the first rotor blade member and the second rotor blade member, and a joint monitoring device disposed in an area of the joint for monitoring a structural integrity of the joint.06-03-2010
20120189443Methods and systems for determining a pitch angle offset signal and for controlling a rotor frequency of a rotor of a wind turbine for speed avoidance control - A method for determining and applying a pitch angle offset signal for controlling a rotor frequency of a rotor of a wind turbine is disclosed. The method includes obtaining a motion quantity indicative of a motion of the rotor and determining the pitch angle offset signal based on the motion quantity such that the pitch angle offset signal is adapted to be used for adjusting a blade pitch angle of a rotor blade mounted at the rotor for controlling the rotor frequency in order to reduce a time span during which the rotor is in a critical motion region. A corresponding system and a method for controlling a rotor frequency are also disclosed.07-26-2012
20100111693WIND TURBINE DAMPING OF TOWER RESONANT MOTION AND SYMMETRIC BLADE MOTION USING ESTIMATION METHODS - A method for wind turbine tower load control includes controlling the pitch of the rotor blades in a conventional manner by a collective command component. An estimator estimates the tower resonant acceleration and the thrice-per-revolution blade imbalance acceleration. Combining logic, connected to the estimated resonant acceleration and to the estimated thrice-per-revolution (3P) acceleration provides a combined pitch modulation to damp the tower resonant motion and the thrice-per-revolution motion using collective modulation. The pitch modulation is combined with the collective command component to drive the pitch actuators.05-06-2010
20100266404Balancing a Ram Air Turbine - A method of balancing a ram air turbine that has a turbine shaft with a turbine shaft axis, a rotor attached to the shaft, rotor blades attached to the rotor that move between a fine pitch and coarse pitch position, a spring-loaded governor for controlling the position of the blades that has its springing retained by a stationary outer spring seat and a movable inner yoke plate that slides on the turbine shaft and whose position determines blade pitch, comprises the steps of: pulling the yoke plate toward the spring seat to displace the yoke plate toward the spring seat sufficiently to cause the rotor blades to assume a desired degree of pitch; spinning the turbine shaft at a desired rotational speed; balancing the rotor to minimise vibration of the rotor with the desired rotor blade pitch and turbine shaft speed; and releasing the pull of the yoke plate toward the spring seat.10-21-2010
20120141269EXTENSION FOR ROTOR BLADE IN WIND TURBINE - A rotor blade assembly for a wind turbine and a method for increasing a loading capability of a rotor blade within a maximum load limit for a wind turbine are disclosed. The rotor blade assembly includes a rotor blade having surfaces defining a pressure side, a suction side, a leading edge, and a trailing edge extending between a tip and a root. The rotor blade assembly further includes an extension connected to a surface of the rotor blade, the extension having at least one design characteristic configured for increasing a loading capability of the rotor blade within a maximum load limit for the wind turbine. The design characteristic is one of extension length, extension width, extension curvature, span-wise extension location, chord-wise extension location, or extension angle with respect to a chord line of the rotor blade.06-07-2012
20120189442Wind turbine with a braking device and method for braking at least one drive train component of a drive train, and use of a braking device for braking at least one drive train component of a drive train of a wind turbine - A braking device and method are provided for a wind turbine. The wind turbine includes a rotor, a generator and a drive train having one or more components. The drive train is connected to the generator for obtaining electrical energy from rotation of the drive train. The wind turbine further includes a braking device for braking at least one drive train component of the drive train. The braking device includes a wedge brake.07-26-2012
20120107117WIND TURBINE AND A BLADE FOR A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine with a rotor mounted on a hub section, wherein the rotor comprises a plurality of blades, at least one of which comprises a main blade section, which is optionally pitchable, and an auxiliary blade section mounted to the hub section. The auxiliary blade section is arranged in the area of a leading edge or of a trailing edge of the main blade, so that each blade is thereby provided with a leading edge slat or a trailing edge flap formed by the auxiliary blade section to increase the planform area of the blade and increase aerodynamic lift. A control method for a wind turbine controls a main blade section and an auxiliary blade section to provide different angles of attack to reduce undesired loads at sudden extreme changes of wind speed, e.g. during idling of the wind turbine. In a separate aspect, the invention provides a wind turbine having a blade with a non-pitchable leading edge slat, which extends at most 40% of the radius of the rotor in a longitudinal direction of the blade.05-03-2012
20120107116SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DAMPING MOTION OF A WIND TURBINE05-03-2012
20130216378Passive Governor for Windpower Applications - A wind turbine with a passive pitch control system is disclosed. The wind turbine comprises a tower with a nacelle mounted to the tower. A hub is rotatably mounted to the nacelle. The hub has a plurality of blades extending therefrom with each blade rotatable around a longitudinal axis of each blade. A pitch control system is operatively associated with each blade. The pitch control system controls the pitch of each blade around the blade's longitudinal axis. In a preferred embodiment, the pitch control system comprises a flyweight governor and a preloaded spring biased against each other.08-22-2013
20110171025Wind Turbine Blade and Turbine Rotor - Wind turbine rotors and wind turbine blades having the startup capability of a drag-type turbine and the increased tip speed of a lift-type turbine are provided. The rotor includes a plurality of elongated blades, each of the blades having a first portion mounted to a mast at a first radial distance from the mast and a second portion mounted to the mast at a second radial distance from the mast, less than the first radial distance. Each blade includes a first chord length, a second chord length, and a third chord length between the first and second chord length. The third chord length is less than the first chord length and less than the second chord length. The blades may be helical. Aspects of the invention provide a self-starting, Darrieus-type rotor for enhanced wind energy capture.07-14-2011
20090047128Fully Bladed Closure For Tangential Entry Round Skirt Dovetails - A fully bladed closure design for turbine wheel with tangential entry. A set of the final three buckets including a bladed closure bucket are disposed about a wheel margin with two buckets adjacent to the bladed closure bucket secured to the wheel margin by the dovetails. The closure bucket is secured to adjacent buckets by a combination of one or more retaining keys and to the margin by one or more retaining pins. The bladed closure bucket and the adjoining faces of the adjacent buckets have flat skirts providing suppport from the retaining keys across the full axial width of the bladed closure bucket and the adjacent buckets.02-19-2009
20090263244Water Turbines With Mixers And Ejectors - Turbine systems for extracting energy from water traveling relative to the turbine system can include a rotor assembly for extracting the energy, a turbine shroud having a turbine shroud inner volume within which at least a portion of the rotor assembly is disposed, and an ejector shroud having a ejector shroud inner volume within which at least a portion of the turbine shroud is disposed. The turbine shroud and the ejector shroud can each have a terminus comprising a plurality of turbine shroud mixer elements or ejector shroud mixer elements, respectively. One or more of the mixer elements and ejector shrouds comprise a mixer/ejector pump which increases the energy extraction potential of the turbine system. One or more of the turbine shroud mixer elements, ejector shroud mixer elements, and ejector shroud and turbine shroud inlets can be asymmetric about a plane passing through the axis of rotation of the rotor assembly. Methods, systems, apparatus and articles of manufacture relating to these features and others are also disclosed.10-22-2009
20090257873Method and apparatus for prediction-based wind turbine control - A method an apparatus of automatically controlling a wind turbine re provided. of: A time-series of measurement values of the aerodynamic flow property of the wind turbine rotor blade is determined; a predictive wind field model representing a structure of a wind field acting on the wind turbine rotor blade is generated based on the time-series of measurement values, and a control value is generated based on the wind-field model.10-15-2009
20110171021Double-Stacked Blade Ceiling Fan And Method Of Operation And Method Of Circulating Air - An embodiment of a ceiling fan assembly has a motor rotatably mounted to a shaft and adapted to be mounted to an extent of a substantially planar support surface. A first set of fan blades are connected to the motor and a second set of fan blades are connected to the shaft a predetermined distance below the extent of the substantially planar support surface, the motor, and the first set of fan blades. A method of circulating air comprises driving the motor to drive the first set of blades in a first rotational direction about the shaft. Simultaneously, responsive to the air flow generated by the rotation of the first set of blades in a first rotational direction, the second set of blades rotates in a second rotational direction about the shaft, opposite the first rotational direction.07-14-2011
20110171023AIRFOIL INCORPORATING TAPERED COOLING STRUCTURES DEFINING COOLING PASSAGEWAYS - A gas turbine engine (07-14-2011
20110171022WIND TURBINE WITH A YAW SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THE YAW ADJUSTMENT OF A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine comprising a tower and a nacelle which is rotatably mounted on the tower and whose alignment is adjustable by means of a yaw system, wherein the yaw system has at least one adjusting drive, a rotatable yaw bearing, at least one brake disk and at least two brake units which can exert a braking torque on the brake disk, wherein the at least one of the brake units has a first brake pad with a first coefficient of friction, and at least one of the brake units has a second brake pad with a second coefficient of friction, wherein the first and the second coefficient of friction are different from each other.07-14-2011
20110268568APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING THE YAW OF A NACELLE OF A WIND ENERGY SYSTEM - The present disclosure relates to a hydraulic pressure system for providing fluid pressure to actuate at least one hydraulic yaw motor for adjusting the yaw of a nacelle of a wind energy system independently of electrical power. The hydraulic pressure system includes a connection portion connectable to a main drive train of the wind energy system, the main drive train transmitting kinetic energy generated by wind energy. The hydraulic pressure system is adapted to be driven by the kinetic energy of the main drive train via the connection portion to provide the fluid pressure. The present disclosure further relates to a hydraulic yaw adjustment system for adjusting the yaw of a nacelle of a wind energy system independently of electrical power, the hydraulic yaw adjustment system including the hydraulic pressure system. The present disclosure further relates to a wind energy system including the hydraulic yaw adjustment system, to a non-electrical control system, and to a method of adjusting the yaw of the nacelle of the wind energy system independently of electrical power.11-03-2011
20090280010Handling System for a Wind Turbine nacelle, Method for Vertical Displacement of a Wind Turbine Nacelle and a Wind Turbine Nacelle - A handling system for a wind turbine nacelle in connection with self-loading or self-unloading of the nacelle to or from a vehicle. The system uses two or more lifting apparatus, where the lifting apparatus are engaged with lifting areas of a load carrying structure of the nacelle. The lifting areas are a part of the load carrying structure or are integrated in the load carrying structure, and where the lifting apparatus lifts by applying linear force to the load carrying structure of the nacelle. A method is also provided for vertical displacement of a wind turbine nacelle and a wind turbine nacelle prepared for self-loading or self-unloading to or from a vehicle.11-12-2009
20090285682Wind Turbine With Deployable Air Deflectors - An apparatus and system for compensating for various load situations in a turbine includes the use of one or more deployable devices configured to extend an air deflector outwardly from a surface of a rotor blade. The air deflector may subsequently be retracted into the rotor blade once the load falls below a certain threshold. Mechanisms for extending and retracting the air deflector may include pneumatic, hydraulic and/or electromechanical devices. Air deflectors are generally configured to modify the air flow around the rotor blade to increase or decrease power generation, or reduce loads so that the risk of potential damage to components of the wind turbine is minimized. Deflectors may be positioned at various chordwise stations including leading-edge, mid-chord, and trailing-edge locations on the upper and lower surfaces at spanwise positions. Accordingly, a plurality of devices can be actuated to aerodynamically control rotor performance and loads based on wind conditions.11-19-2009
20110171024REINFORCED WIND TURBINE BLADE - The present invention relates to a reinforced blade for a wind turbine, particularly to a blade having at least one elongated reinforcing member connected inside the shell for increasing the strength of the blade, each of the at least one elongated reinforcing member having a first end and a second end and extending in a longitudinal direction between the first end and the second end and wherein the first end is connected to the upper part of the shell and the second end is connected to the lower part of the shell thereby decreasing peeling and shear stresses in the trailing edge of the blade.07-14-2011
20110200433METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR PROPELLER PITCH CONTROL - This invention relates to a method and a Propeller Pitch Control Arrangement, comprising a propeller hub (08-18-2011
20120294715WIND TURBINE AND WIND TURBINE BLADE - A method for controlling a two-bladed pitchable swept-blade wind turbine in extreme wind conditions is described, wherein when extreme conditions are detected or forecast for the wind turbine, the wind turbine blades are pitched such that they will stabilise in a substantially horizontal arrangement. The blades can be yawed such that the tip ends of the wind turbine blades point in the same direction towards the surface level, thereby lowering the centre of mass of the rotor assembly of the wind turbine blades and the rotor hub. The lower centre of mass of the assembly results in the stabilisation of the blades in a substantially horizontal position, resulting in a reduced surface area of the blades exposed to the extreme wind forces. This reduced surface area provides for a reduction in the extreme loads which may be experienced by the wind turbine in such extreme wind conditions.11-22-2012
20110206508Method And Device For Improving Performances Of An Aircraft Comprising At Least One Propeller Engine Without Propeller Fairing - Method and device for improving performance of an aircraft comprising at least one propeller engine without propeller fairing.08-25-2011
20110206506SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING AN ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL SYSTEM TO MANIPULATE A BOUNDARY LAYER ACROSS A ROTOR BLADE OF A WIND TURBINE - An active flow control system for manipulating a boundary layer of air across a wind turbine rotor blade. The wind turbine rotor blade has at least one sidewall defining a cavity therein. The sidewall extends between a leading edge and an axially spaced trailing edge. The active flow control system includes an air discharge assembly that is coupled to the sidewall. The air discharge assembly is configured to selectively discharge air from within the wind turbine rotor blade into the boundary layer. An air suction assembly is coupled to the sidewall and to the air discharge assembly. The air suction assembly is configured to channel air from the boundary layer to the air discharge assembly.08-25-2011
20120294716PITCH DRIVE DEVICE FOR A WIND POWER OR HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION - A pitch drive device for a wind power or hydroelectric power station having a synchronous motor and a motor operation switchover unit for switching between a normal operation and emergency operation modes. To do so, the synchronous motor is operable in normal operation with three-phase AC and in emergency operation with DC. A method for operating a pitch drive device of this type is also disclosed.11-22-2012
20120294714WIND TURBINE AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL METHOD - A method for controlling a two-bladed pitchable swept-blade wind turbine in extreme wind conditions is described, wherein when extreme conditions are detected or forecast for the wind turbine, the wind turbine blades are pitched such that they will passively align in a substantially horizontal arrangement. The blades can be yawed such that a tip of one of the wind turbine blades points into the wind direction, resulting in a reduced surface area of the blades exposed to the extreme wind forces. This reduced surface area provides for a reduction in the extreme loads which may be experienced by the wind turbine in such extreme wind conditions.11-22-2012
20090169378WIND TURBINE, WIND TURBINE CONTROLLER AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine having at least one rotor blade attached to a rotor hub is provided, wherein the wind turbine further includes at least one sensor disposed at or near the rotor blade, the sensor being adapted to detect an aerodynamic condition of the rotor blade.07-02-2009
20080213093 Impeller for Pumps - A rotary wheel (09-04-2008
20110076143SIMPLIFIED SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING PROPELLER BLADE PITCH IN AN AIRCRAFT TURBOSHAFT ENGINE - A system for controlling pitch of a propeller blade of a turboshank engine, including two automatic locking members making it possible, depending on their controlled position, to lock rotation of a blade root in both directions of rotation, or to allow the rotation of the blade root support in either of the two directions.03-31-2011
20100129213SHAPED COOLING HOLES FOR REDUCED STRESS - A gas turbine engine component having shaped cooling holes that further enhances the cooling of a desired region while reducing stress levels in and around the cooling holes is disclosed. The cooling holes are generally elliptically-shaped and diffuse from a cooling fluid supply side to a discharge side and are oriented on the turbine component to reduce stress concentrations while directing the cooling fluid to a desired surface or location. The elliptical cooling holes have openings in the surface that have high points that are concentric and planar.05-27-2010
20110142620APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OPERATION OF A WIND TURBINE - A method for operating a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine includes a rotor including at least one rotor blade and a pitch drive system coupled to the at least one rotor blade. The pitch drive system is adapted for pitching the rotor blade. The method includes: determining an actual value of a first variable indicative of an overspeed state of the wind turbine; determining an actual value of a second variable of the wind turbine correlated to the rate of change over time of the first variable; and, estimating an occurrence of an overspeed state of the wind turbine from at least the determined actual values of the first and second variables. The pitch drive system pitches the rotor blade for aerodynamically braking the rotor based on the result of the estimation.06-16-2011
20100135787PASSIVE DEICING FOR WIND TURBINE BLADES - A method of operating a wind turbine having rotor with at least one blade, includes sensing an icing hazard for the blade; and moving the at least one blade into a position to reduce the icing hazard.06-03-2010
20100135788SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING WIND TURBINE OPERATION - A method is provided for monitoring a wind turbine using a combined supervisory command and data acquisition (SCADA) and video monitoring system. The method includes receiving video data from at least one video camera, wherein the video data is related to operating conditions of the wind turbine. The method also includes storing the video data in a memory, and receiving a command from a remote monitoring server relating to at least a portion of the video data, wherein the portion of the video data is associated with at least one SCADA data point. The method also includes retrieving the portion of the video data from the memory, and transmitting the portion of the video data to the remote monitoring server for presentation to a user.06-03-2010
20100135795SYSTEMS AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL SYSTEM - A method performed by a control system for operating a wind turbine includes operating a flow control system of the wind turbine in a first mode, and operating the flow control system in a second mode different than the first mode to facilitate removing debris from the flow control system. The second mode includes varying at least one of a velocity, a flow rate, and a direction of a fluid flow of the flow control system.06-03-2010
20100135794SYSTEMS AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIND TURBINE HAVING ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL - A method for operating a wind turbine includes operatively coupling a fluid container within the wind turbine. The fluid container is in flow communication with an air distribution system at least partially defined within a blade of the wind turbine. The method further includes channeling a fluid from the fluid container into the air distribution system, and discharging the fluid from the air distribution system through at least one aperture of the air distribution system defined through an outer surface of the blade to facilitate removing debris from the air distribution system.06-03-2010
20100135791METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR POWERING A PITCH CONTROL SYSTEM - A pitch control system for a wind turbine having a motor including an armature, a winding, and a plurality of switching components configured to control a first current through the armature independently of a second current through the winding.06-03-2010
20100135790WIND TURBINE BLADE WITH FOREIGN MATTER DETECTION DEVICES - A wind turbine includes a wind turbine blade and a foreign matter detection device disposed on the wind turbine blade for detecting an accumulation of foreign matter on the wind turbine blade. The detection device automatically sends an indication when a threshold level of foreign matter accumulation is detected. A wind farm control system can display a color coded live plot of all wind turbines in a wind farm system, with a indication of foreign matter accumulation for each turbine.06-03-2010
20110268569METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A WIND TURBINE, AND WIND TURBINE ARRANGEMENT - The present disclosure relates to a method for controlling a wind turbine, the wind turbine including at least one movable portion which is movable during operation of the wind turbine and at least one movable portion device including at least one of a movable portion transmitter or a movable portion receiver, the movable portion transmitter or the movable portion receiver being disposed at the least one movable portion; the method including: at least one of sending to or receiving from at least three reference points at least one signal by at least one of the movable portion transmitter or movable portion receiver; and determining at least one operational parameter of the wind turbine depending on at least one characteristic of the at least one received signal. Further the present disclosure relates to a wind turbine arrangement and a system for controlling a wind turbine, comprising a controller of the wind turbine and a movable portion.11-03-2011
20100143118Wind Turbine Aerodynamic Separation Control - The present application provides a wind turbine system. The wind turbine system may include a number of blades, a number of wind speed sensors positioned on the blades, a controller in communication with the wind speed sensors, and one or more performance adjustment, mechanisms in communication with the controller. The controller activates the performance adjustment mechanisms in response to the wind speed sensors.06-10-2010
20100143117SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WIND TURBINE NOISE CONTROL AND DAMAGE DETECTION - A system and method of providing noise control for a wind turbine are provided. The system includes at least one blade operably mounted on a wind turbine, and one or more sensors for receiving one or more signals relating to an operating characteristic of the wind turbine. A controller is configured for evaluating the signals to determine if they are outside a predetermined range. The system is configured to adjust operating characteristics and/or generate alarms if the signals are outside a predetermined range. The method includes the steps of receiving one or more signals from one or more sensors, determining if the signals are outside a predetermined range, and adjusting an operating parameter of the wind turbine or generating an alarm in response to the signals received from the sensors. The operating parameter can be adjusted to alter the amount of noise generated by the wind turbine.06-10-2010
20100143119METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING ACOUSTIC EMISSIONS OF A WIND TURBINE - A method and an apparatus for monitoring an acoustic emission of a wind turbine that includes a rotor blade. The apparatus includes at least one sensor operatively coupled to the wind turbine. The sensor is configured to detect an atmospheric condition. A control system is communicatively coupled to the sensor, and configured to control operation of the wind turbine to adjust the acoustic emission of the wind turbine based on the atmospheric condition.06-10-2010
20100143122ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL SYSTEM FOR WIND TURBINE - An active flow control (AFC) system for use with a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine includes at least one rotor blade having at least one manifold extending at least partially therethrough and at least one aperture defined through a surface of the at least one rotor blade. The at least one aperture is in flow communication with the at least one manifold. The AFC system includes an air intake duct configured to draw ambient air into the wind turbine, a self-cleaning air filter coupled in flow communication with the air intake duct and configured to filter the ambient air, and an AFC distribution system configured to eject the filtered air through the at least one aperture.06-10-2010
20100143116OPERATING A WIND TURBINE AT MOTOR OVER-TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS - Methods and apparatus for continuing wind turbine operation when normal wind turbine motor control is unavailable due to overheating of one or more wind turbine control motors. Technical effects of the present invention include providing an effective control strategy continuing operation during over-heating of a wind turbine control motor, such as a pitch control motor and a yaw control motor.06-10-2010
20100143115Transfer of Kinetic Energy to and from Fluids - Method and apparatus for converting the kinetic energy of a moving fluid stream into useful work by using a parallel cascade of aerofoils or hydrofoils positioned therein. The foils may be provided with at least two degrees of freedom and adjacent foils move in antiphase. The foils are subjected to resonant oscillations, known as flutter, induced by the fluid flow. Profiled inflow and outflow ducts may be positioned upstream and downstream, and the apparatus may be enclosed in a profiled duct, to increase efficiency by altering the fluid velocity and pressure. The foils are cantilevered, supported by vertical rods but are otherwise unattached. A cascade comprised of independent foil modules, each including a foil, a power conversion module and a motion control module, may be programmed to (1) receive energy from a fluid stream to generate power, or (2) transfer energy into a fluid stream to create propulsion or pumping.06-10-2010
20090162197Automatic Control System and Method to Minimize Oscillation in Ceiling Fans - A fan system includes a fan and a fan rotation speed control. The speed control is operable to command the fan to rotate at a speed selected from a certain range of rotation speeds. A fan oscillation detector may be coupled with the fan to detect oscillation of the fan as the speed control is operated to rotate the fan at various speeds among the range of fan rotation speeds. The fan oscillation detector may comprise an accelerometer or other device. Oscillation amounts detected by the oscillation detector are compared against each other or against an oscillation threshold value. A programmer device identifies fan rotation speeds at which the oscillation amount exceeds the threshold or is otherwise unacceptable, and programs the fan rotation speed control to prevent an operator from being able to select those speeds at which the oscillation amount exceeds the threshold or is otherwise unacceptable.06-25-2009
20090285680COOLING CIRCUIT FOR USE IN TURBINE BUCKET COOLING - A system and a method to supply a coolant to a turbine bucket of a turbine. The system includes an extraction system configured to extract air from a main compressor airflow, a supply circuit, at least a part of which is disposed at an exterior of the gas turbine, coupled to the extraction system and configured to transport the extracted air, as an ingredient of the coolant, from the extraction system to a coolant insertion region, and a cooling system, disposed proximate to the coolant insertion region of the gas turbine and coupled to the supply circuit at a position on-board the gas turbine, the cooling system being configured to supply the turbine bucket with the coolant, including the extracted air.11-19-2009
20110206507SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MANIPULATING A BOUNDARY LAYER ACROSS A ROTOR BLADE OF A WIND TURBINE - An air distribution system for manipulating a boundary layer of air across a wind turbine rotor blade. The wind turbine rotor blade includes at least one sidewall that defines a cavity therein. The sidewall extends between a leading edge and an axially-spaced trailing edge, and defines a chordwise axis between the leading edge and the trailing edge. The air distribution system includes a plurality of bleed flow assemblies that are positioned within the rotor blade and are configured to discharge air into the boundary layer to reduce a separation of the boundary layer from the rotor blade. Each bleed flow assembly of the plurality of bleed flow assemblies includes a bleed flow conduit that is coupled to an inner surface of the sidewall and is oriented with respect to the chordwise axis between the leading edge and the trailing edge. The bleed flow conduit is configured to channel air through the rotor blade. An inlet aperture is defined through the bleed flow conduit and through the sidewall to channel air into the bleed flow conduit. An outlet aperture is defined through the bleed flow conduit and through the sidewall to discharge air from the bleed flow conduit and into the boundary layer.08-25-2011
20090185900WIND-DRIVEN ELECTRICITY GENERATION DEVICE, METHOD OF CONTROLLING WIND-DRIVEN ELECTRICITY GENERATION DEVICE, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM - The present invention provides a wind power generation device capable of reducing collision of a flying object against a blade or bird strike. The wind power generation device includes a tower set up on the ground, a nacelle fixed to the tower, a plurality of blades rotatably fixed to the nacelle via a hub, an obstacle search device capable of detecting a flying object existing in front, on the windward side, and a blade angle controller to control the change in angle of the blade including a rotation stop position. The obstacle search device searches for the flying object continuously, and when the flying object is determined to be approaching based on the continuous searching, the blade angle controller controls to change the blades to the rotation stop position.07-23-2009
20120070281METHOD OF OPERATING A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine is operated with a blade in which a transition region is provided between a root region with a substantially circular or elliptical profile closest to a hub and an airfoil region with a lift generating profile furthest away from the hub. The transition region has a base part with an inherent non-ideal aerodynamic design so that a substantial longitudinal part of the base part without flow altering devices at a design point deviates from a target axial induction factor. A pitch of the blade and a rotational speed are adjusted to meet the target axial induction factor of the second longitudinal segment, and flow altering devices are provided so as to meet the target axial induction factor of the first longitudinal segment.03-22-2012
20120070280CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A WIND TURBINE AND METHOD OF OPERATING A WIND TURBINE BASED ON MONITORING A BEARING - A method of operating a wind turbine having a bearing assembly, a shaft received therein, and at least one sub-system capable of altering a dynamic state of the wind turbine includes monitoring at least one parameter indicative of a load on the shaft; comparing the at least one parameter to a threshold criteria; and when the at least one parameter meets the threshold criteria, altering the dynamic state of the wind turbine to reduce the load on the shaft; and/or altering the state of the bearing assembly to better accommodate the load on the shaft. A control system for the wind turbine includes a controller operatively coupled to the bearing assembly and the at least one sub-system, and at least one sensor for monitoring at least one parameter indicative of a load on the shaft. The controller signals the sub-system or the bearing assembly when the threshold criteria is met.03-22-2012
20120070279CYCLIC BLADE SPEED CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD - A blade speed control apparatus and method. The apparatus includes a rotor assembly a first blade assembly movably attached to the rotor assembly at a first initial position, a second blade assembly movably attached to the rotor assembly at a second initial position, and a movement mechanism configured to move the rotor assembly in a first lateral direction along a y-axis such that a first angle exists between the first blade assembly with said respect to the second blade assembly. The movement mechanism is configured to move a portion of the rotor assembly in a first lateral direction along a y-axis such that a first angle exists between the first blade assembly with said respect to the second blade assembly. The first angle does not comprise an angle of 180 degrees.03-22-2012
20080317597Domed tip cap and related method - A bucket for a turbine includes a dovetail mounting portion, a shank portion defined at a radially outer end thereof by a platform, and an airfoil portion extending radially outward of the platform. The airfoil portion has a radially outer end closed by a tip cap having a non-planar shape that reduces stress in the tip cap during use. A related method of reducing stress in a tip cap of a turbine bucket includes providing an airfoil portion of the turbine bucket with a radially outer end; and closing the radially outer end with a tip cap having a non-planar shape that reduces stress in the tip cap during use.12-25-2008
20130121825CALLIBRATION OF WIND TURBINE SENSOR - A method is disclosed for calibrating a wind turbine sensor placed on a component of a wind turbine and where the wind turbine is of the type having a rotor with at least one pitchable wind turbine blade. The method comprises pitching one or more of the blades according to a predetermined pitch movement and detecting the response signal from the wind turbine sensor at least partly caused by the pitch movement. From this is then determined a characteristic sensor response value which upon comparison to a predetermined sensor calibration parameter forms the basis for a calibration of the wind turbine sensor if needed. The characteristic sensor response value may be determined from the pitch movement having been performed a number of times over a longer period of time.05-16-2013
20110223020PROPELLER ARRANGEMENT - A propeller arrangement has a first propeller assembly providing a row of first propellers, and a second propeller assembly, rearward of the first propeller assembly, providing a row of second propellers. The first and second propellers are radially extendable and retractable. The propeller arrangement further has a control system for controlling the extension and retraction of the first and second propellers. The control system is arranged such that when the propellers of one of the first and second propeller assemblies extend, the propellers of the other of the first and second assemblies retract.09-15-2011
20110223017Wind Power Generation System - Methods and apparatus for a wind power generation system which may include at least one wind responsive turbine; at least one mechanical connection; at least one rotational movement element configured to be responsive to a mechanical connection; at least one coupler which in various embodiments may be coordinated with at least one generator and that may control the generation of an electrical output at a constant generator RPM.09-15-2011
20110223019SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COLLECTING PARTICLES IN A WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE - A particle trap for collecting loose particles includes a container having an enclosure and at least one opening, and a feed hopper, wherein the feed hopper is connected to the at least one opening of the container, and wherein the particle trap is adapted for collecting particles moving in a direction of an opening of the feed hopper. Further, a method for collecting particles inside a wind turbine rotor blade is disclosed.09-15-2011
20110223018Control System, Wind Farm, And Methods Of Optimizing The Operation Of A Wind Turbine - A control system for a wind turbine configured to generate an acoustic emission during operation includes a communication device. The communication device is configured to receive at least one penalty notification identifying a penalty to be assessed based on the acoustic emission generated. The control system also includes a processor coupled to the communication device. The processor is configured to calculate an acoustic emission level to be generated by the wind turbine based on the penalty and based on at least one of a power generated by the wind turbine and an economic value attributed to the wind turbine, and adjust at least one characteristic of the wind turbine to cause the wind turbine to operate at the calculated acoustic emission level.09-15-2011
20110142625WATER TURBINE - A turbine for use in extracting energy from within a water flow comprises: an array of turbine blades formed and arranged for rotation, in use, about an axis substantially normal to the direction of water flow; wherein at least one turbine blade of the array is formed to be adjustable, in use, from a first, driving, configuration when moving with the direction of water flow, to a second, return, configuration when moving against the direction of water flow, and wherein the surface area of the turbine blade presented to the direction of water flow is reduced when in the return configuration.06-16-2011
20110142624Active Control Of A Wind Turbine Blade - A method and system for increasing power production of a wind turbine including a rotor, at least one rotor blade coupled to the rotor, at least one sensor, and a controller communicatively coupled to the sensor. A flow parameter of the rotor blade is detected, and operation of the wind turbine is controlled to reduce a flow separation at the rotor blade based at least partially on the flow parameter of the rotor blade.06-16-2011
20090081041METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A WIND ENERGY PLANT - The present invention is related to a method for controlling a wind energy plant, with a nacelle disposed on a tower and with a rotor with at least one rotor blade, the blade adjustment angle of which can be adjusted by means of a blade adjustment equipment. The objective to provide a reduction of the loads acting on the plant when there is a malfunction of the blade adjustment equipment is resolved according to the present invention in that the function of the blade adjustment equipment is monitored, and when an error of the blade adjustment equipment occurs, the nacelle is rotated from an operating position into a rest position, in which there is a flow of the wind against the surface extended by the at least one rotor blade (03-26-2009
20110229319CONTROLLING BLADE PITCH ANGLE - A method and arrangement of controlling blade pitch angle of a set of rotor blades. The method comprises providing a target blade pitch angle to a controller mounted on the rotor; measuring the speed of rotation of the rotor using a rate gyro mounted on the rotor; calculating the blade pitch angle required to match the target blade pitch angle by summing the target blade pitch angle and the measured rotational speed; and actuating the blades to the calculated blade pitch angle.09-22-2011
20110229321VORTEX DYNAMICS TURBINE - The invention relates to the use of Air and Hydro Turbines for power generation. It seeks to enhance the energy-capturing potential of air/water turbines, and hence expand the geography where they can be used. It is mainly represented by a device consisting of a vortex generator and a vortex accelerator. This vorticity device operates in a combination of 2 modes: (1) Control airfoil circulation at the blade tips and hence control or alleviate the aerodynamic loading on the turbine blades. (2) Induce suction that can be used to transfer momentum to the flow close to the surface of the blade. Specifically, the generated suction drives secondary fluid flow, which is used to enhance the aerodynamic characteristics of the turbine blades/wings, by doing the following: (1) Suppressing adverse pressure gradients, (2) Suppressing the stall or separation bubble, (3) Laminarize the flow over the blade or wing.09-22-2011
20110229320WIND TURBINE BLADE WITH DEVICE FOR MODIFYING THE BLADE AERODYNAMIC SURFACE - The invention further relates to a wind turbine blade comprising at least one device for modifying the aerodynamic surface or shape of the blade. The device is connected to a drive system for operating the device, and the drive system is arranged such that it is drivable by a pressure difference across the drive system. In one embodiment of the invention the wind turbine blade further comprises a number of conduits guiding a flow of air between an outer surface of the wind turbine blade and the drive system. The invention further relates to a method for operating an aerodynamic device for modifying the aerodynamic surface or shape of a wind turbine blade comprising the steps of exploiting a pressure difference across a drive system, inside or around the wind turbine blade in providing operating power for operating said device.09-22-2011
20110229318SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAXIMIZING ENERGY EXTRACTION FROM MOVING FLUIDS - A fundamental departure from previous methods of extracting energy from moving fluids—increasing by several orders of magnitude the quantities of energy extracted over currently used methods and systems: A part of a moving mass of fluid, or large aggregate thereof, are permitted to flow into encapsulation; the entire flowing mass is then decelerated to zero, or nearly zero velocity, with the entire original level of energy of the moving fluids transferred to the encapsulating/decelerating means or directly to energy users.09-22-2011
20110223021WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE - A wind turbine rotor blade is provided with a mechanism for modifying the camber of the blade. The mechanism acts over a region of the blade surface, the region including a portion of the trailing edge of the blade. Modifying the camber of the blade can increase the lift on the blade and thus the mechanism can be used to optimise blades for operation at high altitude sites where, for example, air density is lower than at sea level. Blades can be produced to the same design and then optimised for operation at differing air densities. The mechanism may be actuated mechanically or hydraulically. In the latter case the mechanism may be operated from the hub of a wind turbine.09-15-2011
20110142619Wind Turbine, Control System, And Method For Optimizing Wind Turbine Power Production - A wind turbine includes a generator and a control system. The control system is configured to determine whether a predefined amount of turbulence will be induced to the wind turbine by a wake zone created by a wind turbine upstream thereof. The control system is also configured to adjust at least one constraint of the wind turbine to a first setting if the amount of turbulence is greater than the predefined amount, the constraint affecting power produced by the generator, and to adjust the constraint of the wind turbine to a second setting if the amount of turbulence is not greater than the predefined amount.06-16-2011
20090097973ROTOR BLADE FOLDING SYSTEM - A rotor blade folding system includes a bearing housing which supports a bearing and rotor blade spindle which folds relative the rotor hub assembly about a fold axis. The rotor blade folding system essentially collapses the rotor hub to facilitate compatibility with a fairing system. By rotating the entire pitch bearing assembly, pitch lock systems are also minimized as the pitch lock system need only react a blade-feathering moment.04-16-2009
20090220339WIND DEFLECTOR FOR WIND TURBINE AND WIND TURBINE INCORPORATING SAME - A wind deflector for a wind turbine has a vertical wind deflecting surface movable in a circular path about the wind turbine for facing a prevailing wind direction.09-03-2009
20100014971Wind Turbine With Pitch Control Arranged To Reduce Life Shortening Loads On Components Thereof - A wind turbine is presented where the operation lifetime of the main bearing is extended by relieving the main bearing by reducing the mean bending moment on the bearing by means of individual pitch control of the blades of the rotor so as to create an aerodynamic mean tilt moment on the rotor by means of aerodynamic forces on the blades, the tilt moment at least partly counteracting the bending moment caused by the overhang load forces on the main bearing from the gravitational pull on the rotor mass.01-21-2010
20090252608SYSTEM AND A METHOD FOR DYNAMICALLY BALANCING A BLADE - The present invention relates to a rotorcraft blade (10-08-2009
20100003134Wind and wave power generation - The present invention provides a wind and wave power generation system including a platform (01-07-2010
20100150716CYCLICAL WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER - Systems and methods use cyclical propellers with dynamic blade angle control to extract power from waves. A control system for such implementations can adapt pitching schedules for the blades of the cyclical propellers for efficient energy extraction and/or to control reactive forces. The cyclical propellers may be installed on the floor of a body of water or other liquid, on a submarine, or on a surface float, and blades may extend vertically or horizontally depending on the character of the waves. Several cyclical propellers can be combined into a single unit operated to minimize net reactive force or torque, to propel the unit horizontally or vertically, and/or to stabilize the unit. Such units can be installed with minimal or no moorings.06-17-2010
20100178167METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A ROTARY WING AIRCRAFT - The invention relates to a method for controlling a rotary wing aircraft with at least one main rotor, comprising a rotor head and rotor blades (07-15-2010
20120141268ROTOR BLADE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING LOADING CAPABILITY OF ROTOR BLADE - A rotor blade assembly and a method for adjusting a loading capability of a rotor blade are disclosed. The rotor blade assembly includes a rotor blade having surfaces defining a pressure side, a suction side, a leading edge, and a trailing edge extending between a tip and a root. The rotor blade further defines a span and a chord. The rotor blade assembly further includes a spoiler assembly operable to alter a flow past a surface of the rotor blade. The spoiler assembly is incrementally deployable from the surface along one of a length or a width of the spoiler assembly.06-07-2012
20100158686Turbine blade assembly including a damper - A damper for a turbine rotor assembly of a gas turbine engine is disclosed. The damper may have a forward plate. The damper may further have an aft plate including a larger surface area than the forward plate. The aft plate may have at least one aperture for regulating a flow of through the aft plate. The damper may also have a longitudinal structure connecting the forward plate and the aft plate.06-24-2010
20100189560Method for De-Icing A Blade Of A Wind Turbine, A Wind Turbine And Use Thereof - A method for de-icing a blade of a wind turbine after the wind turbine has been idle for a period of time. The method includes the steps of creating a controlled acceleration condition of the blade, and subsequently creating a controlled deceleration condition of the blade, whereby ice is shaken off the blade. A wind turbine including a rotor including at least one blade, and de-icing means for de-icing the blade wherein the de-icing means includes actuating means of the wind turbine and wherein the de-icing means further includes control means for performing a method according to any of claims 07-29-2010
20100196156Control Of Rotor During A Stop Process Of A Wind Turbine - A method for controlling a pitch angle of blades of a wind turbine rotor during an emergency stop process of the rotor from an operating state, includes the steps of: (i) continuously determining a measure of an angular acceleration of the rotor, (ii) initiating pitching of the rotor blades and continuing pitching until a time (t08-05-2010
20120171034WIND TURBINE - FLOATING PLATFORM ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR ORIENTING SAID ASSEMBLY DESCRIPTION - The invention allows orientation of the platform (07-05-2012
20110129341METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING VIBRATION IN A ROTARY SYSTEM OF AN AIRCRAFT, SUCH AS A ROTOR OF A HELICOPTER - A method for reducing vibration in a rotary system (06-02-2011
20110103952WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE WITH VARIABLY ACTUATABLE POROUS WINDOW - A wind turbine blade includes a porous window defined in the suction side of the blade. The porous window includes a plurality of holes defined therein. An air manifold within the internal cavity of the blade is in airflow communication with the porous window. An inlet air passage in the pressure side of the blade is in communication with the air manifold. A deployable cover member is configured adjacent the porous window and is variably positionable from a fully closed position wherein airflow through the holes in the porous window is blocked to a fully open position wherein airflow is established through the holes in the porous window.05-05-2011
20100226772Blade control system - A wind turbine system for blade control which employs means for adjusting the pitch and yaw of the blades rotating about an axis and the resulting speed of the blades powering a wind turbine. The control system selectively resists movement of said blades to a different incline position based on a comparison of the measured rotational speed with a target speed value, the target speed value being determined based on an energy output level for said turbine. The control system includes at least one adjustable hydraulic actuator for movement of said blades to a different incline position.09-09-2010
20110058944Hybrid Multi-Element Tapered Rotating Tower - The specification discloses a rotating turbine tower. The tower rotates to maintain the turbine facing into the wind. This allows structure optimization. The tower structure is comprised of a leading edge and a trailing edge, with joining panels between the edge structures. The tower edges are the main structural components of the tower. The separation of the edges tapers to follow the bending moment on the tower, reducing the need to taper material thickness. The tapering shape of the tower structure matches the primary edgewise moment distribution. The tower can be assembled on site from components, thereby facilitating transportation to the tower site. The material properties and shape can be selected based upon the tower maintaining a near constant orientation with the wind. This can save weight and costs. The tower architecture can be of differing shapes such as a triangle or a structure tapering at each end.03-10-2011
20110058943METHOD AND DEVICE FOR BRAKING THE ROTOR OF A WIND ENERGY PLANT - The invention relates to a method and device for braking the rotor of a wind energy plant, comprising rotor blades (03-10-2011
20100254812WIND TURBINE WITH VARIABLE AREA PROPELLER BLADES - An apparatus and method for reducing wind turbine damage includes a propeller having a plurality of blades projecting radially from a hub. The blades may be adjustably combined to form variable cross-sections that either increase or decrease propeller rotation speed dependent on wind speed and weather conditions.10-07-2010
20100209244REMOTELY CONTROLLED AND ELECTRONICALLY OPERATED VARIABLE-PITCH SAILBOAT PROPELLER - Embodiments of the present invention may provide a propeller system for propelling a vessel. The propeller system may comprise a propeller body operable to connect to a drive shaft of the vessel; a propeller shaft extending out of the propeller body, the propeller shaft operable to be driven by the drive shaft and further operable to rotate about its longitudinal axis, wherein if the propeller shaft is in a first position within the propeller body, the propeller shaft is rotatable about its longitudinal axis only when torque transmitted from the drive shaft causes the propeller shaft to rotate; a propeller blade disposed outside of the propeller body and connected to the propeller shaft, the propeller blade operable to rotate according to the propeller shaft; and a radio receiver situated within the propeller body operable to receive a signal, that, upon receiving the signal, is further operable to allow the propeller shaft to move from the first position to a second position within the propeller body, thereby allowing the propeller blade to freely rotate according to water currents that cause the propeller blade to rotate to a position that minimizes drag of the propeller blade against the water currents.08-19-2010
20100209245GEARLESS PITCH CONTROL MECHANISM FOR STARTING, STOPPING AND REGULATING THE POWER OUTPUT OF WIND TURBINES WITHOUT THE USE OF A BRAKE - Apparatuses and methods for controlling pitch angle of the wind turbine blades are disclosed. The pitch angle of all the blades can be controlled by a “spider” that moves substantially perpendicularly with respect to a plane of the turbine blades rotation. The turbine blade bearings are connected with the spider by the linkage arms. The turbine blade bearings have an axis of rotation that is substantially parallel with the longitudinal axis of the respective turbine blades. The actuating mechanism for moving the spider can be a combination of a hydraulic piston installed inside a hollow driveshaft (to move the spider in one direction) and a spring (to move the spider in another direction). An onboard controller can receive a turbine generator output signal to decide whether the turbine is overloaded or underloaded, and if so, the onboard controller can instruct a hydraulic system to add or remove fluid from the hollow driveshaft. Therefore, the power produced by the generator is adjusted up or down by the spider's adjustment of the turbine blade pitch angle.08-19-2010
20100135793METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING A WIND TURBINE - A lubrication system for a wind turbine having a control system, the lubrication system including a sump configured to collect a lubrication fluid, and at least one heating unit configured to heat the lubrication fluid based on at least one forecasted condition.06-03-2010
20120141267Wind turbine blade automatic pitch control using centrifugal force - A method and related apparatus to control pitch angle of the blade of any horizontal axis wind turbines (wind generators or wind mills), which employs only the centrifugal force of the blade assembly including the blades and the moving parts of the patented apparatus.06-07-2012
20100119369Control Of Rotor During A Stop Process Of A Wind Turbine - A method for controlling a wind turbine rotor during a stop process by pitching the rotor blades fast, e.g. with an angular rate of 10-15°/s to a no-thrust position, after which the rotor blades are pitched to maintain the no-thrust or a thrust against the direction of the pendulum movement of the tower for a while to prevent the aerodynamic thrust from aggravating the pendulum movement of the tower. With this control strategy, the bending moments of the tower root are minimized, leading to avoidance of wind turbine tower failure, to prolongation of the life time for a wind turbine tower and the possibility of erecting wind turbine towers of less reinforcement at the tower root.05-13-2010
20100054935Wind Turbine Having a Sensor System for Detecting Deformation in a Wind Turbine Rotor Blade and Corresponding Method - The invention relates to a sensor system and method for detecting deformation in a wind turbine rotor blade, and particularly to a temperature compensated system and method. A first optic fibre 03-04-2010
20100080703SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WIND CONDITION ESTIMATION - A wind power generation system includes a wind turbine at a wind turbine location, a measuring device for providing a wind condition signal at a test location, a sensor for providing a wind condition signal at the wind turbine, and a controller. The controller is configured for receiving the wind condition signals, using a wind correlation database and the wind condition signal at the test location for providing a wind condition estimation at the wind turbine location, obtaining a difference between the wind condition signal at the wind turbine location and the wind condition estimate at the wind turbine location, and using the difference for adjusting the wind condition signal at the wind turbine location.04-01-2010
20110027080Impeller Cover and Method - Method and impeller cover for protecting an impeller from damage. The impeller cover includes a removable body having a first face and a second face opposing the first face, the second face being configured to match a front face of the impeller of the compressor, and further having a frontal portion covering an entire frontal portion of the impeller of the compressor, and a fixing mechanism connected to the removable body and being configured to fix the impeller cover to the impeller of the compressor. The impeller cover is disposable.02-03-2011
20110027081HELICOPTER HUB MOUNTED VIBRATION CONTROL AND CIRCULAR FORCE GENERATION SYSTEMS FOR CANCELING VIBRATIONS - A rotary wing aircraft including a vehicle vibration control system. The vehicle vibration control system includes a rotating hub mounted vibration control system, the rotating hub mounted vibration control system mounted to the rotating rotary wing hub with the rotating hub mounted vibration control system rotating with the rotating rotary wing hub driven to rotate about a rotating hub center Z axis by a gear box transmission. The vehicle vibration control system includes a rotary wing aircraft member sensor for outputting rotary wing aircraft member data correlating to the relative rotation of the rotating rotary wing hub member rotating about the rotating hub center Z axis relative to the nonrotating body, a first nonrotating body vibration sensor outputting first nonrotating body vibration sensor data correlating to vibrations. The helicopter vibration control system includes at least first and second nonrotating body circular force generators, the nonrotating body circular force generators fixedly coupled with the nonrotating helicopter body proximate the transmission and oriented relative to the rotating hub center Z axis, and a distributed force generation data communications network link, the distributed force generation data communications system network link linking together the nonrotating body circular force generators and the rotating hub mounted vibration control system wherein the rotating hub mounted vibration control system and the nonrotating body circular force generators are controlled to produce rotating forces wherein the vibration sensed by the at least first nonrotating body vibration sensor is reduced.02-03-2011
20110027079Method and Apparatus for Capturing Wind to Produce Electrical Power - A blade system and method of use for a wind turbine to produce electrical power. The system has a vertical rotor shaft coupled to an anchor pad and supports a horizontal blade arm. A blade assembly having a rotatable flap is coupled to the blade arm. The flap captures the wind which causes the rotor shaft to rotate and generates electrical power from an electrical generator.02-03-2011
20090185901Wind Turbine, A Method For Damping Edgewise Oscillations In One Or More Blades Of A Wind Turbine By Changing The Blade Pitch And Use Hereof - The invention relates to a wind turbine comprising a rotor including one or more pitchable blades, and detection means for detecting edgewise oscillations in one or more of said blades. The wind turbine is characterized in that the wind turbine comprises control means for changing the pitch angle of one or more of the blades if the detection means detects edgewise oscillations in one or more of the blades, hereby damping or eliminating the edgewise oscillations. The invention further relates to a method for damping edgewise oscillations in one or more blades of a wind turbine and use hereof.07-23-2009
20100303622METHOD FOR THE EMERGENCY BRAKING OF A WIND POWER PLANT AND A WIND POWER PLANT WITH A ROTOR BLADE PITCH CONTROL FOR EMERGENCY BRAKING - Method for the emergency braking of a wind power plant, in which at least one rotor blade of the wind power plant is adjusted into its feathering position, wherein a first phase, in which the at least one rotor blade is adjusted with a first speed, and a second phase, in which the at least one rotor blade is adjusted as of a predetermined first blade pitch angle with a second speed, which is increased until a maximum speed is reached and/or until a second determined blade pitch angle is reached.12-02-2010
20110123331Wind speed dependent adaptation of a set point for a fatigue life of a structural component of a wind turbine - A method for controlling an operation of a wind turbine with at least one structural component is provided. A fatigue life time consumption of the structural component is scheduled. A current velocity of a wind which is driving the wind turbine is determined. A current set point value for the fatigue life time consumption of the structural component based on the scheduled fatigue life time consumption of the structural component is specified and a maximum set point value for the fatigue life time consumption of the structural component based on the determined current wind velocity is specified. The wind turbine is operated depending on the specified current set point value and/or on the specified maximum set point value such that a mechanical load acting on the structural component is controlled. A machine load control system and a wind turbine are also provided.05-26-2011
20130136595METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIND TURBINE - A method for operating a wind turbine is provided. At least one temperature information indicating the temperature of at least one component of the wind turbine is generated. The temperature information is used for determining at least one material property information indicating at least one component specific, temperature dependent mechanical property of the respective component. At least one operational parameter of the wind turbine is adjusted in consideration of the at least one material property information.05-30-2013
20130136596BLADE-PITCH CONTROL SYSTEM WITH FEEDBACK SWASHPLATE - A blade-pitch control system for controlling a pitch angle of blades on a rotor has an input swashplate assembly having non-rotating and rotating portions, the rotating portion being operably connected to blade grips. A feedback swashplate assembly has non-rotating and rotating portions, the rotating portion being connected to the yoke for movement with the yoke during flapping of the yoke. Linear actuators connect the non-rotating portion of the input swashplate assembly to the non-rotating portion of the feedback swashplate assembly. Motion of the yoke during flapping causes a corresponding motion of the feedback swashplate assembly and input swashplate assembly for providing selected pitch-flap coupling between flapping motion of the yoke and pitch motion of the grips.05-30-2013
20100310368ELECTRICAL SYSTEM FOR DRIVING A PROPELLER PITCH CHANGE MECHANISM - A system adjusts the pitch of a variable pitch propeller having a non-rotating side and a rotating side. The rotating side of the propeller has a hub, a propeller blade mounted to the hub, a propeller shaft that rotates the hub and propeller blade, and an actuation system. The actuation system has a screw and a piston. A motor has a non-rotating component in communication with the non-rotating side of the propeller and a rotating component in communication with the actuation system. When the motor increases speed, the screw rotates and the piston moves laterally in a first axial direction to decrease the pitch of the propeller and, when the motor decreases speed, the screw rotates and the piston moves laterally in a second axial direction to increase the pitch of the propeller.12-09-2010
20100310369PITCH CHANGE ACTUATION SYSTEM FOR A COUNTER-ROTATING PROPELLER - A system for adjusting the pitch of a counter-rotating propeller has a propeller shaft, a forward propeller driven by the propeller shaft, and an aft propeller connected with the forward propeller. The forward propeller has a hub, blades mounted within the hub, and an actuator connected with an end of the blades. The aft propeller has a hub, blades mounted within the hub, and a cam assembly connected with an end of the blades. The actuator of the forward propeller has a forward end and an aft end, wherein the aft end is connected with the cam assembly of the aft propeller. Thus, when the actuator moves in an axial direction, the cam assembly moves relative to the actuator and the pitch of the forward propeller blades and the pitch of the aft propeller blades are simultaneously adjusted.12-09-2010
20110243730SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING DEFLECTION OF A WIND TURBINE SHAFT - A system and a method for measuring deflection of a shaft in a wind turbine and adjusting a pitch angle of a rotor blade in the wind turbine based on the determined deflection are described. The system includes an emitter, a receiver, and a controller. The emitter is positioned adjacent a first portion of the shaft and is configured to emit photons. The receiver is positioned adjacent a second portion of the shaft and is configured to receive photons emitted from the emitter and determine a location on the receiver where the photons strike the receiver. The controller is communicatively coupled to the receiver and is configured to determine deflection of the shaft based on the location on the receiver where the photons strike the receiver. The controller is also configured to adjust the pitch angle of the rotor blade based on the determined deflection of the shaft to reduce deflection of the shaft.10-06-2011
20110008166HYDRAULIC STATION AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING PRESSURE IN A HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OF A WIND TURBINE - A hydraulic station in a hydraulic system of a wind turbine includes a tank for storing working fluid, first and second pumps fluidly connected to the tank, first and second flow paths extending from the respective first and second pumps to a hydraulic circuit, and first and second relief valves in fluid communication with the respective first and second flow paths. The first pump and first relief valve are controlled based on maintaining pressure of the working fluid in the hydraulic circuit between a first minimum limit and first maximum limit. If the pressure falls below the first minimum limit, the second pump and second relief valve are controlled in addition to the first pump and first relief valve, with the control then based on a second maximum limit and second minimum limit.01-13-2011
20110033292ENERGY ABSORBING FAN BLADE SPACER - A gas turbine engine fan section is disclosed that includes a hub. Circumferentially spaced fan blades are supported on the hub. A spacer is arranged between adjacent fan blades and is operatively supported by the hub. The spacer is configured to be collapsible in response to a fan blade load exerted on the spacer in excess of a threshold load. The spacer is generally rigid at fan blade loads below the threshold load.02-10-2011
20110129340Fluid Circulation System - A fluid circulation system wherein circulation is caused within a body by establishing a ring vortex within the fluid generated by an impeller designed in accordance with the Golden Section or Phi Geometry.06-02-2011
20110116925APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENERGY EXTRACTION - An apparatus and method for extracting energy for a tidal stream in a body of the water are described. The apparatus comprises a body located in a tidal stream, a generator; and a line coupled to the generator such that relative movement between the line and the generator drives the generator. In one configuration, the body comprises a drag surface oriented substantially in the direction of the tidal stream and has at least one formation for promoting a drag force on the body. The drag force causes movement of the body with the tidal stream, which results in relative movement of the line and generator to drive the generator.05-19-2011
20110116923BLADE FOR A ROTOR OF A WIND OR WATER TURBINE - The present invention relates to a blade for a rotor of a wind turbine, which rotor comprises a hub, from which hub at least one blade extends substantially radially, which blade comprises a root area closest to the hub, which blade comprises a transition area away from the hub, which blade further comprises at least a first airfoil. The scope of the invention can be fulfilled by blades comprising at least one longitudinal channel, which channel has an inlet opening in the front of the airfoil, which channel has an outlet opening at the backside of the air foil, which channel opening area is decreasing from the inlet opening to the outlet opening. Hereby, it is achieved that in the channel there is an increasing speed of the air which is flowing through that channel which will lead to increasing the power produced from the wind surrounding the blade.05-19-2011
20100143120SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WIND FRICTION MONITORING - A monitoring system for at least one wind turbine includes at least one sensor disposed at the at least one wind turbine to detect wind friction at the at least one wind turbine. At least one controller is connected to the at least one wind turbine, and a monitor server is connected to the controller to change an operational status of the at least one wind turbine based on wind friction data received from the at least one sensor. A method of operation of at least one wind turbine includes continuously measuring data relative to wind friction at the at least one wind turbine via at least one sensor located thereat. The data is continuously compared to a predetermined wind friction threshold. A trend in the comparisons is evaluated, and the operational status of the wind turbine is changed via a monitor server based on a result of the comparison.06-10-2010
20110211953Concentric Rotor Control System - A rotor control system including a collective control rod positioned internal to a rotor shaft, the rotor shaft for imparting torque to rotor blades; and a cyclic control rod positioned internal to and concentric with the collective control rod.09-01-2011
20110243731ELASTOMERIC BEARING SYSTEM MOTION LIMITER - The invention relates to a backing plate used for an elastomeric bearing system, the backing plate comprising a plate which defines an at least partial annulus about an axis, a motion limiter and a redundant pivot which extend from the plate so as to respond to a retainer plate disbond.10-06-2011
20110243729DEVICE FOR ADJUSTMENT OF A ROTOR BLADE, WIND ENERGY CONVERTER, AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING A ROTOR BLADE - Some general aspects of the invention provide a device (10-06-2011
20130189099Fluid Turbine Lightning Protection System - A fluid turbine lightning protection system includes at least one air termination device, formed at least in part of an electrically conductive material, that can be positioned on a shroud of a fluid turbine and placed in electrical communication with a down conduction system. The down conduction system is in electrical communication with an earth-termination system configured to dissipate electricity transferred thereto to the ground. The at least one air termination device is configured to intercept a lightning strike and direct it through the down conduction system, the earth-termination system, and into the ground. The at least one air termination device may be positioned on a turbine shroud based on a “Rolling Sphere” derivation wherein the “Rolling Sphere” derivation is derived from the equation r=10·I07-25-2013
20090257872Reduced-Impedance Cooling System With Variable Pitch Blade And Hot-Swappable Spare - A method of operating variable pitch fans in series to cool an operating computer system. The method comprises running a first variable pitch fan with blades positioned at an operational pitch to induce airflow through the computer system and through a second variable pitch fan disposed in series with the first fan, and, simultaneously, not running the second variable pitch fan with blades positioned for minimal impedance to the airflow. In response to detecting a failure condition of the first fan, the method includes running the second fan with blades positioned at an operational pitch to induce airflow through the computer system and through the first fan, and, simultaneously, not running the first fan with blades positioned for minimal impedance to the airflow. Preferably, the method includes locking the rotor of a fan that is not running, and locking the blades of the non-running fan in a minimal impedance position.10-15-2009
20110211950Method of dynamic energy-saving superconductive propeller interaction with a fluid medium - In a propeller system a process of dynamic energy-saving superconductive propeller interaction with a fluid medium comprises providing a perforation on the working blade surfaces having the different pressures, with an element possibility of the dynamic fluid medium flow connection between said blade perforations; and modulating a value of said connection of the blade so-called “breathing surfaces” in dependence on a change of a value of at least one controlled characteristic influencing a dynamic energy efficiency of a propeller process such that a dynamic structure-energetically optimization of said modulated surface-energy interaction is provided.09-01-2011
20110123330ANTI-NOISE WIND TURBINE - Anti-noise wind turbine. A wind turbine (05-26-2011
20110085905TURBOMACHINE ROTOR COOLING - A rotor of a turbomachine includes a rotor drum located at a central axis and a plurality of buckets secured to the rotor drum. A rotor shell extends between axially adjacent buckets of the plurality of buckets and is secured to and supported by the plurality of buckets defining a cooling passage between the rotor drum and the rotor shell. A low pressure sink is located at an upstream end of the rotor receptive of a coolant flow through the cooling passage. A method of cooling a rotor of a steam turbine includes locating a rotor shell radially outboard of a rotor drum defining a cooling passage therebetween. A flow of steam is urged from a downstream portion of the steam turbine through the cooling passage toward a low pressure sink located at an upstream end of the steam turbine thereby cooling the rotor.04-14-2011
20100054936VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE - A vertical axis wind turbine (03-04-2010
20090028703Airfoil mini-core plugging devices - A turbine engine component, such as a high pressure turbine vane, has an airfoil portion and at least one coolant system embedded within the airfoil portion. Each coolant system has an exit through which a cooling fluid flows, which exit has at least one device for preventing deposits from interfering with the flow of cooling fluid from the exit. The at least one device may be at least one depression and/or at least one grill structure formed from elongated ribs.01-29-2009
20090028702BLADE COOLING PASSAGE FOR A TURBINE ENGINE - A blade for a turbine engine includes structure providing spaced apart suction and pressure sides. A cooling passage includes a first passageway near the pressure side and a second passageway in fluid communication with the first passageway. The second passageway is arranged between the first passageway and the suction side. The cooling passage provides a serpentine cooling path that is arranged in a direction transverse from a chord extending between trailing and leading edges of the blade. During use, cooling fluid is supplied to the pressure side through first cooling apertures fluidly connected to the first passageway to the suction side through second cooling apertures fluidly connected to the other passage way. The first passageway is at a higher pressure that then second passageway so that cooling fluid is provided by the cooling passage to the pressure and suction sides in a balanced fashion.01-29-2009
20100135789SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING A WIND TURBINE - A method for controlling operation of a wind turbine is described. The wind turbine includes a rotor having a plurality of rotor blades and an upwind wind condition measurement device. The method includes measuring a wind condition upwind from the rotor using the upwind wind condition measurement device and providing the measured wind condition to a processor. The method also includes determining a control algorithm parameter, based at least partially on the measured wind condition, that controls at least one of a wind turbine response bandwidth, a wind turbine response speed, and a wind turbine control error range. The method also includes determining a wind turbine operating command based at least partially on the control algorithm parameter and applying the wind turbine operating command to operation of the wind turbine.06-03-2010
20100068057METHOD FOR STOPPING A WIND TURBINE IN TWO STAGES - A method for stopping a pitch controlled wind turbine comprising a rotor with at least one blade (03-18-2010
20110250068METHOD AND MEANS FOR ENHANCING THE EFFICIENCY OF WATER TURBINES - A water turbine with a rotatable turbine wheel having a wheel disc, buckets fixed to the wheel disc, and nozzle expelling a water jet on the bucket. The rotatable wheel and the nozzle are arranged in a casing with a water outlet. The interior of the casing reduces splash back of discharging water and detrimental water spray on the rotatable wheel. An energy damping device is attached on stationary, water splash exposed parts inside the turbine casing to dissipate energy from water of high velocity leaving the buckets and dense pulverised water mist.10-13-2011
20110076142METHOD FOR REDUCING VIBRATIONS IN WIND TURBINES AND WIND TURBINE IMPLEMENTING SAID METHOD - A method is presented that reduces vibrations of a wind turbine in a situation where yawing of a wind rotor of said wind turbine is at least temporarily not possible. The method includes adjusting a first pitch angle of a first rotor blade and a second pitch angle of a second rotor blade such that the first and second pitch angles differ by at least 30 degrees.03-31-2011
20110150646CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ROTOR ASSEMBLY - A rotor assembly includes a rotor shaft rotatable about a rotor axis and a plurality of rotor blades operably connected to the rotor shaft. A rotor control assembly has a plurality of substantially concentric control tubes extending through the rotor shaft. Each control tube of the plurality of control tubes is operably connected to a rotor blade of the plurality of rotor blades such that movement of one or more of the control tubes of the plurality of control tubes along the rotor axis effects a pitch change in one or more rotor blades of the plurality of rotor blades. A method of controlling pitch of a plurality of rotor blades of a rotor assembly includes locating a plurality of concentric control tubes inside of a rotor shaft of the rotor assembly capable of changing a pitch of one or more of the rotor blades.06-23-2011
20110150645Optimization of Downstream Open Fan Propeller Position - A method and apparatus for controlling a propeller of a contra-rotation open fan (CROF) engine of an aircraft. A diameter of the propeller is set to be at a first diameter during at least a portion of a first flight condition of the aircraft. The diameter of the propeller is set to be at a second diameter, different from the first diameter, during at least a portion of a second flight condition of the aircraft.06-23-2011
20110064574METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EXTRACTING FLUID MOTION ENERGY - An apparatus for extracting fluid motion energy, comprising one or more blades. Each blade comprising one or more vanes. Each vane having an exposed area. The exposed area when impinged by fluid motion, that is generally in the direction of the movement of a blade, is larger than the exposed area when not impinged by fluid motion. And the exposed area when impinged by fluid motion, that is generally opposing the direction of the movement of the blade, is smaller than the exposed area when not impinged by fluid motion.03-17-2011
20100310367Impingement cooling of a turbine airfoil with large platform to airfoil fillet radius - A method of impingement cooling a turbine airfoil with a large platform to airfoil fillet radius which includes coring the airfoil fillet such that the fillet wall is maintained at a minimum thickness. An impingement tube is used which follows the fillet contour as it transitions from airfoil to platform and supplies impingement air to the airfoil walls. The air subsequently flows across the airfoil internal wall and finally exits the airfoil through airfoil holes to provide film cooling to the airfoil fillet.12-09-2010
20100310370TURBINE WITH VANES AND TETHERS THAT ADJUST TO THE WIND - A turbine with vanes and tethers that adjust to the wind includes: an axle, adapted to be positioned perpendicular to the airflow; a radial spar attached to the axle; a vane rotatably attached to the spar; and a positioning element to limit the vane from rotating substantially more than a perpendicular angle away from the spar. The device retains the vane in a position that utilizes the airflow to rotate the axle. The positioning element is a tether attached to the distal point of the vane.12-09-2010
20100310371DRIVE CONTROL AND REGULATION METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR A HYBRID HELICOPTER - The present invention relates to a control and regulation method for a rotorcraft having at least one variable-pitch propulsive propeller and at least one power source for driving the propeller(s), said method consisting in generating at least one mean pitch setpoint βtcl for the propeller(s) as a function of a thrust variation control order Tcl, wherein the method consists in defining a plurality of operating modes, including: 12-09-2010
20120034079Harnessing Flowing Fluids to Create Torque - An apparatus and method for producing high output and low cost/time, sustainable energy (e.g., wind or water) via natural currents that is environmentally friendly and includes a gravity-assisted equalizing control system is provided. Wings with a large surface area can be included in the design, as well as an optional counterbalance system that synchronizes the wings' position and speed with a mechanical leverage point on the body of the device. When a fluid flows past wings of the device, the fluid flow induces motion in the wings, which causes a shaft to move, creating torque at the generator. The outcome is a coordination of harmonizing the wings pitch angle to the natural frequency of a fluids specific velocity. The device can adapt itself to the velocity of the surrounding fluid through a rotational sweeping control system that produces a more streamlined profile to maximize reliability.02-09-2012
20100003133DUAL HIGHER HARMONIC CONTROL (HHC) FOR A COUNTER-ROTATING, COAXIAL ROTOR SYSTEM - A dual, counter-rotating, coaxial rotor system provides individual control of an upper rotor system and a lower rotor system. The lower rotor control system and the upper rotor control system provide six controls or “knobs” to minimize or theoretically eliminate airframe vibration. In a dual, counter-rotating, coaxial rotor system, application of a HHC system to the two rotor systems individually but located on the common axis, will yield essentially complete vibration reduction because the 6 controls will suppress the 6 loads.01-07-2010
20090324407BLADE PROVIDED WITH A RESONATOR TO REDUCE THE DRAG MOVEMENTS OF SAID BLADE, AND A METHOD IMPLEMENTED BY SAID BLADE - Described is a blade (12-31-2009
20090317250TURBINE AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING POWER FROM FLUID FLOW AND METHOD THEREFOR - A turbine for use with a turbine generator, the turbine including at least one turbine blade for positioning in a flowpath, a hub mounting the at least one turbine blade, and a rotatable shaft in operational communication with the hub via a hinge assembly, an axis of the hub being independent of an axis of the shaft. The hinge assembly is disposed between the shaft and the hub and configured to adjust an angle therebetween. A controller assembly is configured to adjust at least one operational characteristic of the hinge assembly during turbine operation. In one embodiment the operational characteristic is a teeter angle of the hinge assembly. In one embodiment operational characteristic is a stiffness or damping force. Methods for using and controlling a fluid turbine are also disclosed.12-24-2009
20090317249DRAG-REDUCTION, PROPULSION, AND LIFT GENERATING SYSTEM - A motion generating system for propelling and/or lifting a craft exploiting explosive and implosive processes, whereby a propulsive or lifting force on the craft arises from two sources: generation of a stream of fluids which imparts thrust to the craft; and generation of zones of reduced pressure and density in front of and above the craft allowing the craft to be thrust forward and lifted by ambient pressure on the rear and underside of the craft. Furthermore, reduction of fluid density in front of the craft results in a reduction of frontal drag allowing the attainment of higher speeds. The motion generating system may have other applications; for example, the motion generating system may be used to propel a stream of liquid in the manner of a pump.12-24-2009
20120201674COOLING MODULE DESIGN AND METHOD FOR COOLING COMPONENTS OF A GAS TURBINE SYSTEM - A cooling arrangement in a gas turbine system (08-09-2012
20110164976ACTIVE ROTOR BLADE CONTROL EFFECTOR SYSTEM FOR A ROTARY-WING AIRCRAFT - A helicopter includes an airframe, and a rotor system mounted to the airframe. The rotor system includes a plurality of rotor blades. Each of the plurality of rotor blades includes a root portion that extends to a tip portion through an airfoil portion. The airfoil portion includes first and second surfaces. An effector is mounted within the airfoil portion of at least one of the plurality of rotor blades. The effector includes a first end portion that extends to a second end portion through an intermediate portion, and a flap arranged at the second end portion. The effector is selectively actuated to shift from a first, stowed, position wherein the flap is positioned within the at least one rotor blade to a second, deployed, position, wherein flap projects through at least one of the first and second surfaces of the at least one rotor blade.07-07-2011
20110164975WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADES INCLUDING CONTROLLABLE DEPRESSIONS - A wind turbine system is provided. The wind turbine system includes multiple rotor blades operationally coupled to a control system, at least one of the rotor blades including an active surface fabricated on the rotor blades, wherein the control system is configured to generate control signals for formation of one or more depressions at an optimal frequency and at a number of optimal locations on the active surface based upon multiple wind flow parameters, and transmit the control signals to the rotor blades for the formation of the one or more depressions at the optimal frequency and at the number of optimal locations on the active surface.07-07-2011
20120201676WIND ENERGY SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF USE - Systems and methods to generate power using wind and controlled air movement and related structures to more cost effectively produce energy and protect system components.08-09-2012
20120201675WIND TURBINE AND AN ASSOCIATED CONTROL METHOD - A two-bladed partial-pitch wind turbine and a method of controlling such a wind turbine during high wind conditions are described. The turbine is operable to pitch the outer sections of the turbine rotor blades during extreme wind conditions (i.e. high wind loads) such that the outer blade sections are substantially orthogonal to the inner blade sections. This arrangement acts to reduce the extreme thrust loading experienced by the wind turbine structure during severe gusts (e.g. during hurricane or typhoon conditions), and accordingly reduces the risk of damage to the wind turbine in such conditions.08-09-2012
20110262272TILT ADJUSTMENT SYSTEM - A wind energy system is provided with said wind energy system including a hub pivotable about a rotation axis, a first bearing connected to said hub, a tapered adapter, a second bearing connected to said first bearing by said adapter, wherein said first and second bearings and said adapter are arranged such that the tilt angle of said rotation axis of said hub is adjustable. Further, a tilt adjustment system for a wind energy system and a method for operating a wind energy system is provided.10-27-2011
20110027082METHOD OF REDUCING OR EVEN ELIMINATING THE VIBRATION OF A ROTORCRAFT LIFT AND PROPULSION ROTOR, AND AN AIRFOIL ASSEMBLY AND A ROTOR IMPLEMENTING SAID METHOD - The present invention relates to a method of reducing the vibration of a lift and propulsion rotor (02-03-2011
20100329863METHOD FOR REDUCING TIP RUB LOADING - A method for reducing tip rub loads in a rotor blade is described having the steps of selecting a location of contact between the rotor blade and a static structure; selecting a location on the blade for incorporating a tip-cutter; selecting a cutter-profile for the tip-cutter; and incorporating the tip-cutter on the selected location on the blade such that tip-cutter is capable of removing a portion of the static structure during a tip rub such that tip rub loads are facilitated to be reduced.12-30-2010
20100329864PLACEMENT OF STRAIN SENSORS IN WIND TURBINE BLADE - A method of monitoring strain on a wind turbine blade that has several structural components comprises locating at least three strain sensors (12-30-2010
20100329862Cooling Hole Exits for a Turbine Bucket Tip Shroud - A turbine bucket for a gas turbine engine is described herein. The turbine bucket may include an airfoil, a tip shroud positioned on a tip of the airfoil, and a number of cooling holes extending through the airfoil and the tip shroud. One or more of the cooling holes may include a length of narrowing diameter about the tip shroud and a length of expanding diameter about a surface of the tip shroud.12-30-2010
20110135467SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DEICING AND PREVENTION OR DELAY OF FLOW SEPARATION OVER WIND TURBINE BLADES - A system for deicing a wind turbine blade includes an electrically powered active plasma actuator applied to a desired portion of a wind turbine blade. The activated plasma actuator energizes the air in the vicinity of the plasma actuator to increase the surface temperature of the wind turbine blade in the vicinity of the plasma actuator sufficiently to reduce or eliminate the collection of ice on a desired portion of the wind turbine blade.06-09-2011
20110135470METHOD FOR OPERATING A VARIABLE-SPEED WIND TURBINE AND THE WIND TURBINE - A method for operating a wind turbine with a variable speed rotor, a control system and a safety system, including the steps of initiating a braking procedure of the rotor of the wind turbine by the control system when the rotational speed of the rotor exceeds a first threshold value (n06-09-2011
20110135469METHOD FOR MEASURING A ROTATIONAL POSITION OF A ROTOR BLADE OF A WIND TURBINE AND MEASURING DEVICE - The present disclosure is related to a method and a measuring device adapted for determining a rotational position of at least one rotor blade of a wind turbine. The method includes a step of measuring a gravity induced blade moment of the at least one rotor blade. Then, an actual rotational position of the rotor blade is determined from the measured gravity induced blade moment.06-09-2011
20110135468SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING A STRUCTURAL HEALTH OF A WIND TURBINE - A method for monitoring a structural health of a wind turbine. The method includes transmitting, from a sensor to a controller, at least one monitoring signal indicative of a structural discontinuity, the sensor operatively coupled to a structural component of the wind turbine. A first notification signal is transmitted from the controller to a user computing device upon receiving the monitoring signal.06-09-2011
20110135466SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING AND CONTROLLING WIND TURBINE BLADE DEFLECTION - A system is disclosed for monitoring and controlling the deflection of turbine blades of a wind turbine. The system includes a passive position detecting apparatus and a controller. The passive position detecting apparatus may be configured to acquire and transmit data relating directly to a position of at least one of the turbine blades. The controller may be configured to receive the data from the passive position detecting apparatus and compare such data to a known position reference to determine turbine blade deflection.06-09-2011
20110052393CONTROLLABLE MAGNETIC SYSTEMS - This invention relates to methods and devices for propulsion through a fluid, in particular at low Reynolds number. We describe a method of propelling one of a magnetic device and a fluid relative to the other, the magnetic device comprising a pair of magnetic moments linked by an elastic coupling element, one of said moments having a greater resistance to a change in orientation due to an external applied magnetic field than the other, the method comprising applying an elliptical or ellipsoidal rotating magnetic field to the device to cause a change in mutual attraction or repulsion between said magnetic moments to thereby change a physical configuration of said device, propelling said device relative to said fluid.03-03-2011
20110052392METHOD OF FLIGHT IN AN EXPANDED SPEED RANGE USING THRUST VECTORING PROPELLERS - The invention relates to aeronautical engineering, in particular to methods of flight due to creating of forces on air propellers, namely using thrust vectoring of direction and amount of force created by air propellers of opposite rotation with the axis, mainly in the direction of flight, in the expanded range of speeds, from 50 m/s to high near-sonic speed of flight. The invention may be applied for horizontal flight and maneuvering in flight on vertical take-off aircrafts using rotation of main rotors from the vertical stand of rotor axes during the take-off to almost horizontal position of rotor axes in horizontal flight, thus both the rotation of rotors and the change of position of an aircraft together with its rotors may be applied, and it may be also used in the horizontal take-off aircrafts with almost horizontal position of axes during the horizontal flight, including the planes with airscrew propellers.03-03-2011
20110052391INDEPENDENT CONTROL OF SHORTENING LINES IN AN AERODYNAMIC WING - The invention relates to an aerodynamic wind propulsion device, particularly for watercraft, comprising an aerodynamic wing being connected to a steering unit located below the aerodynamic wing and coupled to the aerodynamic wing via a plurality of lines, particularly steering lines and/or fixing lines, a tractive cable, wherein a first end of the tractive cable is connected to the steering unit and a second end of the tractive cable is connected to a base platform, the aerodynamic wing having an aerodynamic profile which generates a lifting force in the direction of the traction cable when the air stream direction is about perpendicular to the tractive cable, a plurality of reefing lines located across the aerodynamic wing for increasing and decreasing the lifting force by changing the shape and/or dimension of the aerodynamic wing. According to a first aspect of the invention, such an aerodynamic wind propulsion device is provided, characterized by a guiding arrangement for guiding the reefing lines, wherein at least two of the reefing lines are guided by the guiding arrangement such that said at least two reefing lines can be controlled and/or activated, particularly hauled in and veered out, independently from each other, in particular during starting and landing manoeuvres.03-03-2011
20100183440METHOD FOR THE OPERATION OF A WIND POWER PLANT - The invention concerns a method for operating a wind power plant (WEA), preferably before or during the performance of maintenance work on the wind power plant (WEA), wherein —at least one physical condition of the surroundings outside the wind power plant (WEA) induced by wind movement outside the wind power plant (WEA) is detected as an external physical condition, and/or at least one physical condition of a component of the wind power plant (WEA) influenced by wind movement outside the wind power plant (WEA) is detected as an internal physical condition; —the at least one external physical condition and/or at least one internal physical condition are evaluated; —the at least one external physical condition is compared with a predetermined reference value for the external physical condition, and/or the at least one internal physical condition is compared with a predetermined reference value for the internal physical condition; —depending on the comparison at least one warning message is generated, in particular a maintenance warning message.07-22-2010
20100322767Turbine Blade Having Platform Cooling Holes - A turbine blade having a plurality of cooling holes which extend from an outside edge of the platform to a cooling passage formed within the turbine blade and a method of limiting the formation of cracks in the platform of the blade are provided. The plurality of cooling holes in the platform are formed at an approximate angle of 45° to the outside edge of the platform and are formed at the approximate mid-point of the thickness of the platform. The cooling holes are generally cylindrical in shape and have a diameter of approximately 50% of the platform thickness.12-23-2010
20100322766WIND TURBINE AND METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING ENERGY PRODUCTION THEREIN - A method for optimizing energy production in a wind turbine includes pitching a plurality of rotor blades to a full operational angle, and utilizing an active flow control device in accordance with a generator speed and a rotor blade pitch setting to facilitate maintaining a predetermined generator rated power level.12-23-2010
20110255967ACTIVE FORCE GENERATION/ISOLATION SYSTEM EMPLOYING MAGNETO RHEOLOGICAL FLUID (MRF) - A system for reducing vibrations in a rotating system uses a variable viscosity medium that is redistributed in a housing connected to the rotating system. Specifically, the medium is responsive to a control signal that is generated as a function of rotational speed of the rotational system. The control signal activates a triggering device that promotes a change in viscosity of the medium such that it is distributed within the housing in a manner that reduces vibratory loads.10-20-2011
20110103951FRANCIS-TYPE HYDRAULIC TURBINE WHEEL EQUIPPED WITH A TIP-FORMING MEMBER, AND METHOD OF REDUCING FLUCTUATIONS USING SUCH A WHEEL - This wheel comprises a plurality of vanes (05-05-2011
20100068055method for dynamically lubricating a wind turbine pitch blade bearing - The method consists in determining at least one of wind turbine operating conditions or parameters related to pitch activity 03-18-2010
20120121413System And Method For Damping Vibrations In A Wind Turbine - The invention relates to a wind turbine comprising a substantially tubular tower structure and one or more vibration damping systems. At least one of the one or more vibration damping systems include a plurality of bracing elements and a damping element. One of the bracing elements is connected to the tower structure. The bracing elements and damping element are linked in such a way that a local displacement of the tower structure causes an increased displacement of the damper along its longitudinal axis. The invention further provides a method of damping vibrations in a wind turbine tower using one or more toggle-brace vibration damping systems and a using a toggle-brace vibration damping system for damping vibrations in a wind turbine.05-17-2012
20110135465Methods and Systems For Providing Variable Mechanical Brake Torque - A brake system is provided for controlling a rotational speed of a drivetrain for a wind turbine. The drivetrain is coupled to a rotor shaft and a generator rotor shaft. The brake system includes a mechanical brake operatively coupled to the drivetrain. The mechanical brake includes a brake caliper and a brake disc coupled to the drivetrain. A sensor is configured to detect a parameter of the wind turbine. A controller is configured to actuate the brake caliper to apply a braking force on the brake disc. The controller is configured to control the mechanical brake based on the parameter to adjust a brake torque generated by the braking force.06-09-2011
20100021297Method For Condition Monitoring A Rotor Of A Wind Energy Plant - A method for condition monitoring a rotor of a wind energy plant includes the steps of measuring activity signals of the blades in the rotor and establishing one or more differential values between the activity signals of different blades. The one or more differential values are used for monitoring the condition of the rotor in the wind energy plant. A wind energy plant, a cluster of wind energy plants and use hereof is also contemplated.01-28-2010
20100021295CONTROLLABLE PITCH PROPELLER WITH ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION - A propeller system includes a rotor hub which supports a multiple of propeller blades. An electrical generator is mounted between a gearbox and the rotor hub to generate electrical power to drive a pitch change system within the rotor hub.01-28-2010
20100021296Method and arrangement to adjust a pitch of wind-turbine-blades - A method and an arrangement for adjusting a pitch of blades being used by a wind-turbine are described. Pressure is measured at a pressure-side and at a suction side of a blade. The measured pressures are used to determine an actual angle-of-attack of a wind acting on the blade. The angle-of-attack is used to adjust the pitch of the blade of the wind-turbine.01-28-2010
20120308383COOLING AND CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AN OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE - A system and method to cool the air inside the nacelle and the heat generating components, particularly of an offshore wind turbine is presented. The ambient air first enters an air handling unit near the tower bottom where the airborne water droplets and salt particles are removed. The clean air is then compressed adiabatically, thus increasing the dew point temperature of the water vapor in the air. The high pressure, high temperature air from the compressor is then cooled and dehumidified in a sea water-to-air heater exchanger or an air-to-air heat exchanger. The high pressure air from the heat exchanger then enters the turbine at the tower bottom and flows up to the nacelle where it is allowed to expand adiabatically in a duct. The duct helps direct the resulting cold air over the heat generating components. The cold air can also used to cool these components internally. The warm air ultimately exits the nacelle at the rear top.12-06-2012
20120034080ACTUATION MECHANISM FOR A CONVERTIBLE GAS TURBINE PROPULSION SYSTEM - A method of powering a rotary-wing aircraft includes selectively coupling and uncoupling a first power turbine to change a power distribution between the rotor system and the secondary propulsion system.02-09-2012
20100014969WIND TURBINE WITH BLADE PITCH CONTROL TO COMPENSATE FOR WIND SHEAR AND WIND MISALIGNMENT - A wind turbine or rotor load control compensates for moment imbalance in a wind turbine that includes a rotor having at least two variable pitch blades. The apparatus includes a conventional pitch command logic developing a nominal rotor blade pitch command signal and a moment sensor. The moment sensor can be one or more of a nacelle overturning moment sensor, and a turning moment sensor. An output of this is used as a moment signal. Conversion logic is connected to the moment signal with an output of the conversion logic being calculated individual pitch modulation commands for each of the blades. A combining logic is connected to receive the calculated individual blade pitch modulation commands and to receive a nominal pitch command. An output of the combining logic is individual combined blade pitch commands for each of the blades. The individual combined blade pitch commands are generated by modulating the nominal command signal by a respective blade pitch modulation command which includes compensation for instantaneous moment deviations of the wind turbine.01-21-2010
20090074572COOLED GAS TURBINE GUIDE BLADE FOR A GAS TURBINE, USE OF A GAS TURBINE GUIDE BLADE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE - Described is a cooled gas turbine guide blade for a gas turbine, with a hollow blade profile which comprises an onflow edge onto which a working medium is capable of flowing, and with, for guiding a cooling medium, an onflow edge duct running inside the blade profile along the onflow edge. Furthermore, to the use of such a gas turbine guide blade and to a method for operating a gas turbine with an abovementioned gas turbine guide blade. In order to provide a gas turbine guide blade with an increased lifetime by means of the invention, it is proposed that, in the onflow edge duct, an electrical heating element be provided, which extends approximately completely over the entire length of the onflow edge duct and through which a heating current flows, before the operation of the gas turbine, for the preheating of the gas turbine guide blade.03-19-2009
20110044812AIRFOIL WITH FLOW DEFLECTOR - An airfoil comprising a high pressure surface; a low pressure surface; a leading edge where the high and low pressure surfaces meet at the front of the airfoil; and a trailing edge where the high and low pressure surfaces meet at the back of the airfoil. A porous flow deflector extends from the low pressure surface. The porous flow deflector is attached to the low pressure surface at a position which is closer in a chord-wise sense to the leading edge than to the trailing edge. That is, the percentage chord distance between the leading edge and the position where the flow deflector is attached is less than 50%. The porous flow deflector comprises a plurality of flow deflection members each spaced progressively further from the low pressure surface in a direction away from the low pressure surface, and each flow deflection member is angled down to the rear relative to a local tangent of the low pressure surface. The porous flow deflector deflects air towards the low pressure surface as it passes through the porous flow deflector.02-24-2011
20110150647Detection of Deformation of a Wind Turbine Blade - An arrangement for detecting bending deflection of a wind turbine blade is provided. The arrangement for the wind turbine includes a radio transmitter and a linear antenna array assigned to the radio transmitter. The radio transmitter is mounted on the blade tip and emits a signal. The antenna array is mounted on the rotor of the wind turbine in a co-rotating manner and receives the signal. On the basis of the transit times of the signal from the rotor to the individual antennas of the array, the position of the radio transmitter relative to the array is determined. In the event of blade deflection, for example when a high wind load is present, the relative position changes which is detected by the arrangement.06-23-2011
20110142621Method and System For Monitoring Wind Turbine - A monitoring system for a wind turbine includes at least one acoustic sensor configured to measure an acoustic emission generated by at least one component of the wind turbine, and a control system configured to calculate at least one wear characteristic of the component based on the measured acoustic emission. The wear characteristic includes at least one of a current amount of wear on the component, a rate of wear on the component, and a predicted amount of wear on the component.06-16-2011
20110305568PITCH CONTROL OF A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine control system suitable for minimising actuation of pitch actuators is disclosed. The control system uses an error gain schedule in full load control for reducing pitch actuation when the difference between the rotor speed and the reference rotor speed is not critical for the load of wind turbine components. The error gain schedule may be a nonlinear function which reduces the gain for low rotor speed errors. The use of the error gain schedule may reduce wear of the pitch actuators and may improve reduction of structural oscillations since focus removed from tracking the rotor speed reference when the speed error is low.12-15-2011
20120148404ROTOR BLADE ATTACHMENT - A rotor blade attachment, in particular of a wind power plant, for the connection of a rotor blade with an attachment device, including a transverse pin and a connecting device, which can be brought together to establish an operative connection, wherein the connecting device defines a longitudinal axis. The rotor blade attachment is characterized in that the transverse pin in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the connecting device has a higher bending stiffness than transversally to the longitudinal axis. An alternative rotor blade attachment is characterized in that the transverse pins are arranged in at least two rows, wherein at least a first row is arranged closer to the blade-root-side end of the rotor blade than at least a second row.06-14-2012
20120148403COUNTER-ROTATING VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE ASSEMBLY - A vertically-oriented, counter-rotating wind turbine assembly is disclosed. The assembly can include two or more wind turbines, and each adjacent pair of wind turbines is configured to rotate oppositely. The wind turbines are separated by supporting plates, and include a rotor and a stator, respectively. The relative rotation of the rotor and stator generates electricity. The wind turbines are supported above and below by levitation and compression bearings, respectively. A motor can initiate rotation of the wind turbines when the ambient wind is below a break-in speed and above a steady state speed.06-14-2012
20120148402Method for Operating a Pitch-Controlled Wind Turbine - Method for operating a pitch-controlled wind turbine, in which a set-point value for the generator torque (M) is prescribed in dependence upon a rotational speed (n) of the generator or of the rotor. A transition point (n06-14-2012
20120148401BLADE DISK ARRANGEMENT FOR BLADE FREQUENCY TUNING - A gas turbine engine and a method of tuning a rotor in the gas turbine engine wherein the rotor includes an array of blades extending from a rotor hub each having an airfoil mounted to a blade platform. The method includes adding or removing material from bladed rotor projections to alter the mass of the rotor and change the frequency of the respective airfoil.06-14-2012
20120148400SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AN EPHEMERAL EVENT ON A VANE IMPELLER OF AN AIRCRAFT ENGINE - The invention relates to a method and a system for monitoring an ephemeral event on a vane impeller (06-14-2012
20090290981CENTRIFUGAL FORCE ACTUATED VARIABLE SPAN HELICOPTER ROTOR - A variable diameter helicopter rotor and method of using are disclosed. The variable diameter helicopter rotor includes a rotor hub operable by helicopter controls at variable revolutions per minute, and a linearly extensible rotor blade connected to the rotor hub, a linear span of the rotor blade only adjustable in response to an amount of centrifugal force generated in the rotor blade by a rotational speed of the rotor hub, an operational rotor blade to effect at least lift of the helicopter. The linearly extensible rotor blade can include telescoping inner and outer sections, and a restrictive force device positioned between the inner and outer sections. The variable diameter helicopter rotor can be used by adjusting a linear span of rotor blades connected to the rotor hub by an amount corresponding to an amount of centrifugal force generated in the rotor blades by a rotational speed of the rotor hub.11-26-2009
20100135792SYSTEM AND METHOD TO FACILITATE MAINTENANCE ON A WIND TURBINE - A system to facilitate maintenance on a wind turbine including a control assembly positioned within a tower defining an access opening. The system includes at least one rail comprising a first rail portion and a second rail portion coupled to the first rail portion. The second rail portion extends outwardly through the access opening when coupled to the first rail portion. At least one wheel is coupled to the control assembly. The wheel is configured to engage the rail and enable movement of the control assembly along the rail to facilitate movement of the control assembly between an interior and an exterior of the tower.06-03-2010
20110070082GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMPONENT COOLING SCHEME - A method of cooling a gas turbine engine component includes creating a cooling channel within a platform of the component, communicating cooling air into the cooling channel to cool the platform, and recycling the cooling airflow used to cool the platform by communicating the cooling airflow from the cooling channel into the airfoil to cool the airfoil.03-24-2011
20110064573SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING A MONITOR SET POINT LIMIT FOR A WIND TURBINE - A method for controlling operation of a wind turbine is described. The wind turbine includes a rotor having a plurality of rotor blades. The method includes measuring an atmospheric condition associated with the environment surrounding the wind turbine, providing the measured atmospheric condition to a processor, and determining at least one monitor set point limit based at least partially on the measured atmospheric condition. The method also includes applying the at least one monitor set point limit to wind turbine operation.03-17-2011
20110318178Wind Turbine Yaw System and Method of Controlling the Same - A wind turbine yaw system is provided that includes a yaw gear, at least two pinion gears, and at least two drive units, each of which is associated to one of the pinion gears for driving that pinion gear. The yaw system also includes a control system with a controller for generating a drive unit control signal for each drive unit for controlling the respective drive unit according to a reference signal having a desired operational parameter value for the respective drive unit, so as to realize the desired operational parameter value in the respective drive unit. The control system includes a feedback loop for each drive unit feeding a drive unit feedback signal including at least the actual value of one operational parameter of the respective drive unit back to the controller. The controller generates the drive unit control signals based on the reference signal and the feedback signals.12-29-2011
20120045328POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM - A wind turbine transmission system includes a rotor, at least one hydraulic pump coupled to the rotor, a branch manifold, a plurality of hydraulic motors, and a plurality of generators each coupled to at least one of the plurality of hydraulic motors. The branch manifold includes a trunk portion defining a main flow path connected to an outlet port of the hydraulic pump and a plurality of branch portions each defining a branch flow path extending from the main flow path and connected to an inlet port of at least one of the hydraulic motors to provide fluid communication between the hydraulic pump and the plurality of hydraulic motors.02-23-2012
20120045330SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING AND CONTROLLING PHYSICAL STRUCTURES - A system for controlling a wind turbine is disclosed. A system includes a light source and a beam scanner to scan the light pulses over the wind turbine. The system further receives backscattered light pulses and subsequently, provides a signal corresponding to the light pulses. The system adjusts a threshold of the signal based on a normalized value of a detected peak value of the signal. The system associates a time of flight with each of the received backscattered light pulse. The system generates an image of the wind turbine based on the time of flight associated with the light pulses and subsequently, compares the generated image with at least one known image of the wind turbine. The system generates a health profile of the wind turbine based on the comparison and subsequently, change one or more parameters of the wind turbine based on the health profile.02-23-2012
20120045329METHOD FOR CIRCULATION CONTROLLED VERTICAL AXIS AND TURBINES - A method of controlling a vertical axis wind turbines using circulation control is presented. The comprising monitoring environmental conditions and the vertical axis wind turbine to determine a current system state, and selectively blowing air through a blowing slot of a blade of the vertical axis wind turn based on the current system state to achieve a desired system state.02-23-2012
20120045327Fluid-Working Machine with Multi-Lobe Ring Cam - A fluid-working machine for a renewable energy generation device, the fluid-working machine comprising a ring cam and a plurality of working chambers, the ring cam having an annular working surface extending around an axis of rotation of the ring cam, the annular working surface defining a plurality of waves, each working chamber having a piston, each piston in operative engagement with the ring cam working surface, the ring cam and working chambers being mounted to rotate relative to each other, cycles of working chamber volume being thereby coupled to rotation of the ring cam relative to the working chambers, characterised in that the individual waves of the ring cam working surface have an asymmetric profile.02-23-2012
20100143124WIND TURBINE YAWING SYSTEM - In order to prevent minor deviations from expected operation in a yawing system before they lead to larger deviations, there is in accordance with a method aspect of the invention disclosed monitoring and determining deviation from an expected operation in a yawing system of a wind turbine. The method includes inputting a rotation angle input to at least one of a plurality of yaw motors, sensing an angular output of at least one of the plurality of yaw motors, receiving the rotation angle input to the at least one of the plurality of yaw motors in a signal processor, receiving the angular output of the at least one of the plurality of yaw motors, comparing at least two of the received signals, and/or comparing a mathematical relation of two of the received signals with a reference, and hereby determining whether there is any deviation from the expected operation.06-10-2010
20120207599SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR BALANCING AN IMPELLER ASSEMBLY - An impeller assembly including a motor that rotationally drives an impeller is balanced. The impeller assembly is balanced without physically indexing the impeller to determine the rotational position of the impeller while impeller is rotated. For example, the system does not employ an optical sensor, a magnetic sensor (e.g., a Hall sensor), a mechanical indexing sensor, and/or other sensors that physically index the impeller.08-16-2012
20120207600FLOATING VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE MODULE SYSTEM AND METHOD - The disclosure provides a wind energy system with one or more floating modules having at least two vertical wind turbines mounted thereon. A multipoint mooring system couples the floating module to a seabed, the mooring system having at least two mooring points with at least two lines positioned at location s around the floating module with the wind turbines. A rotation system is coupled to the floating module and adapted to twist the floating module relative to wind direction while the multipoint mooring system is coupled between the seabed and the floating module. The rotation system can include induced gyroscopic torque from counter-rotating wind turbines and a self-adjusting induced gyroscopic torque differential from varying wind directions. Other rotation systems can include winches and translating assemblies that can be activated to tighten or loosen mooring lines in the multipoint mooring system coupled to the floating module in a catenary manner.08-16-2012
20120207598SYSTEM FOR VARYING THE ANGLE OF ATTACK OF THE BLADES OF AN AIRCRAFT TURBINE ENGINE PROPELLER, USING A BRUSHLESS ELECTRIC MOTOR - A system for varying an angle of attack of blades of an aircraft turbine engine propeller, including an axial flow brushless motor including a stator including coils, and a rotor including permanent magnets. The rotor is mounted axially movable between a locked position in which it is secured in rotation with a rotary hub of the propeller, and an unlocked position in which its rotation relative to the hub along the axis of rotation of the propeller causes a variation of the angle of attack of the blades via a mechanical connecting mechanism.08-16-2012
20120009062Load Mitigation During Extreme Yaw Error on a Wind Turbine - A method for mitigating loads on a wind turbine in yaw error events is disclosed. The method may include determining a yaw error and a speed of the wind turbine and determining a magnitude of de-rating of the wind turbine based upon magnitudes of the yaw error and the speed. The method may further include reducing power output of the wind turbine based upon the magnitude of de-rating.01-12-2012
20120014791VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE - The present disclosure relates to a turbine including a central axis, a variable pitch blade, and a frame link operably coupled with the central axis and the blade, the blade configured such that as the blade rotates about the central axis, the blade may be pivoted relative the frame link from a first position to a second position. The present disclosure also relates to a method for reducing the negative torque on a wind turbine including providing a turbine having variable pitch blade for rotation about a central axis, the blade operably coupled with the central axis via a frame link, and positioning the blade, frame link, and central axis, such that the blade is pivoted relative the frame link from a first position to a second position so as to reduce negative torque on the central axis caused by the blade heading generally into oncoming wind.01-19-2012
20120057976Downwind Type Wind Turbine - A downwind type wind turbine having a transformer stored in a support post or in a nacelle includes the nacelle which supports a rotor and stores therein a generator, a support post which supports the nacelle and a main transformer disposed between the generator and an electric power system and the main transformer is stored in the nacelle or in the support post.03-08-2012
20120301296FLOW CONTROL ON A VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE (VAWT) - A control system is presented for controlling operation of a vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) for generating energy from an incoming fluid flow. The control system comprises at least one flow affecting arrangement associated with at least one blade of the VAWT and a control unit connected to said flow affecting arrangement, the flow affecting arrangement comprising two flow affecting units located in two opposite sides of the blade respectively at a leading edge thereof, each flow affecting unit being operable for creating a blowing jet at the respective side of the blade thereby inducing an increase in a fluid flow momentum, the control unit being configured and operable for selectively activating the flow affecting units in alternating fashion according to a predetermined time pattern to oscillate the blowing jet at the opposite sides of the blade.11-29-2012
20120301295METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIND ENERGY INSTALLATION - A method for operating a wind energy installation (11-29-2012
20120301294TURBINE BLADE FOR A WATER TURBINE WITH BI-DIRECTIONAL FLOW - The invention relates to a turbine blade for a water turbine, comprising, at least over part of its length, a curved profiled element having a median line created point-symmetrically in relation to a point of symmetry on the chord of the profiled element, half-way down, in such a way as to form an S-shaped curve. The median line splits the profiled element into a first side and a second side. The invention is characterised in that the turbine blade comprises an overflow device between the first side and the second side of the profiled element.11-29-2012
20120301293ANTI-OSCILLATION APPARATUS AND TECHNIQUE FOR SECURING WIND TURBINE BLADES AGAINST OSCILLATIONS - The invention relates to a method of operating a wind turbine (11-29-2012
20120207597METHOD FOR POSITIONING A HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR ON A WIND-POWERED ELECTRIC GENERATOR - A method of minimizing the flow of hydraulic fluid within a hydraulic accumulator mounted in the rotating hub of a wind turbine comprises mounting the accumulator within the hub such that the longitudinal axis of the accumulator is substantially parallel with the axis of rotation of the hub.08-16-2012
20120156036System And Method For Damping A Wind Vane - A system for damping a wind vane includes a damping assembly configured to utilize eddy currents to dampen rotational motion of at least a portion of the wind vane. The damping assembly may provide damping of the wind vane to accommodate for sudden changes in wind speed and/or direction while allowing the wind vane to maintain accurate measurements and response in low wind conditions. The damping assembly may reduce the wind vane's susceptibility to oscillation, thereby improving accuracy of the wind vane.06-21-2012
20120156034APPARATUS FOR HARVESTING ENERGY FROM A GEARBOX TO POWER AN ELECTRICAL DEVICE AND RELATED METHODS - Apparatus and methods for monitoring component health in a gearbox of a power generation system. A gearbox has a gear set with relatively-movable components, an armature attached to one of these components, and a magnet attached to another of these components. The armature is subjected to a changing magnetic field from the magnet that generates electrical energy. An electrical device for monitoring component health is inside the gearbox and is powered by the electrical energy received from the armature.06-21-2012
20120156035BLADE ARRANGEMENT FOR A GAS TURBINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH A BLADE ARRANGEMENT - A blade arrangement is provided for a gas turbine, in which blade leaves, having a leading edge and a trailing edge and also a pressure side and a suction side, are assembled sealingly with platforms configured as separate components. A peripheral sealing arrangement is provided between the blade leaves and the associated platforms, which seals off an interspace between the blade leaves and platforms against hot gas flowing around the blade leaves. A directed site-dependent supply of cooling air for purging the sealing arrangement is provided on a side of the sealing arrangement which faces away from the hot gas. A method of operating the above blade arrangement is also provided. The method includes supplying cooling air for purging the sealing arrangement at a pressure which decreases from the leading edge of the blade leaves to the trailing edge.06-21-2012
20120156033HELICOPTER ROTOR CONTROL SYSTEM - A rotor control system operatively linked to a plurality of rotor blades includes a swashplate assembly having a stationary member and a rotating member. A blade attachment member is operatively connected to the plurality of rotor blades and a control horn is operatively connected to the blade attachment member and one of the plurality of rotor blades. At least one hydraulic actuator member is operatively coupled to the control horn and at least one hydraulic actuator element is operatively coupled to the swashplate assembly and the at least one hydraulic actuator member. The at least one hydraulic actuator member transmits control signals from the swashplate assembly to the one of the plurality of rotor blades through the at least one hydraulic actuator member.06-21-2012
20120063895ELECTRONIC MODULE AND METHOD USED FOR FITTING A LIGHT BEACON ON THE BLADE TIP - The electronic module (03-15-2012
20110044813BLADE PITCH LOCK DEVICE - A locking device for locking a turbine blade of a wind power plant at a predetermined pitch angle, which wind power plant includes a rotor hub and at least one turbine blade where the blade root of the at least one turbine blade is connected to the rotor hub through a pitch bearing so that the pitch angle of the at least one turbine blade is adjustable by turning of the at least one turbine blade about its longitudinal axis relative to the rotor hub and wherein the device for locking the turbine blade includes a mechanical snap-in mechanism which in a locked position prevents the at least one turbine blade from turning about its longitudinal axis thus fixating the at least one turbine blade in the predetermined pitch angle.02-24-2011
20110091321SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING WIND TURBINE OPERATION - Systems and methods for monitoring wind turbine operation are disclosed. A method in accordance with one embodiment includes processing sensor data received from at least one strain gauge located on a wind turbine shaft, with a processor located on the wind turbine shaft. In particular embodiments, the method can further include providing power for the at least one strain gauge and the processor via a non-contact link between a first component located on the wind turbine shaft and second component off the wind turbine shaft. In further particular embodiments, the method can still further include receiving data from the processor corresponding to bending moments at the wind turbine shaft, and automatically identifying load remediation solutions for the wind turbine, based at least in part on the data received from the processor.04-21-2011
20110103950SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A CONTROLLED FLOW OF FLUID TO OR FROM A WIND TURBINE BLADE SURFACE - A wind turbine blade system having a blade rotatably attached to a rotor of a wind turbine. The system further includes a controller and one or more openings disposed along at least one surface of the blade and a fluid moving device arranged and disposed to provide a fluid to or from the one or more openings. A controlled amount of the fluid is provided to the one or more openings. The amount of fluid is determined by the controller. A wind turbine and a method for operating a wind turbine are also disclosed.05-05-2011
20100290905Wind Turbine Control Method - A method of controlling a wind turbine, where a control signal for a controllable parameter of the wind turbine is determined repeatingly at successive time steps, and a control history including respective control values derived from or included in past control signals is stored. These control values stored in the control history are then used to determine an alert parameter for the controllable parameter, the alert parameter being a function of the variations of the control signals over time. The wind turbine is then controlled according to the most recent control signal only if the alert parameter is below an alert threshold, and otherwise according to a modified control strategy. The control method may be performed on pitch reference signals for controlling the individual and/or collective pitch of the blades. The invention further relates to a control system configured to perform the above control method, and a wind turbine comprising such system.11-18-2010
20120121412BLADE FOLD SYSTEM MONITORING - A rotor blade fold system for an aircraft includes one or more actuators operably connected to one or more blade components of one or more rotor blades of the aircraft. One or more sensors are located at the one or more rotor blades and are configured to sense operation of the one or more blade components. A fold control system is configured to monitor output from the one or more sensors and is capable of stopping operation of the blade fold system, via communication with the one or more actuators, if the one or more blade components are not operating within predetermined limits.05-17-2012
20120219417DISC ROTOR RETRACTION SYSTEM - A disc rotor blade retraction system includes a main blade spar incorporating a hydraulic cylinder and having a screw thread, A ball screw is concentrically carried within the main blade spar and is operably connected to a ball nut which has an outboard end connected to an intermediate spar with a hydraulic piston received for reciprocation in the hydraulic cylinder. A first geared actuator engages the ball screw and a second geared actuator engages the main blade spar screw thread. A hydraulic fluid accumulator providing pressurized hydraulic fluid is connected to an outboard end of the hydraulic cylinder and a controller actuates the first and second geared actuators.08-30-2012
20120251316INDEPENDENT BLADE PITCH CONTROL - A system and method are provided to increase efficiency of turbines in wind farms. A sensor is configured to detect direction and speed of an inflow of wind. A controller is configured to generate a control signal based the detected direction and speed of the inflow of wind. A pitch adjustment device configured to adjust pitch of a blade of the turbine based on the control signal.10-04-2012
20110116924METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A DRIVING BLADE WITH RESPECT TO THE WIND DIRECTION, IN PARTICULAR IN A WIND AND WATER ENGINE WITH AN AXIS PERPENDICULAR TO THE WIND DIRECTION AND A WIND ENGINE HAVING AN AXIS PERPENDICULAR TO THE WIND DIRECTION WITH A DRIVING BLADE CONTROLLED WITH RESPECT TO THE WIND DIRECTION - In a method for controlling a driving blade (05-19-2011
20100247310INTENTIONALLY MISTUNED INTEGRALLY BLADED ROTOR - A frequency mistuned integrally bladed rotor (IBR) for a gas turbine engine comprises a hub and a circumferential row of blades of varying frequency projecting integrally from the hub. Each blade in the row alternate with another blade having a different pressure surface definition but similar suction surface, leading edge and trailing edge definitions.09-30-2010
20120128487REMOTE SHAFT DRIVEN OPEN ROTOR PROPULSION SYSTEM WITH ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION - A system for aircraft propulsion is disclosed herein. The system includes a power plant. The system also includes an open rotor module operable to rotate. The open rotor module has a plurality of variable-pitch blades. The system also includes a first linkage extending between the power plant and the open rotor module. The first linkage is operable to transmit rotational power to the open rotor module for rotating the plurality of variable-pitch blades. The system also includes an actuator operable to change a pitch of the plurality of variable-pitch blades. The system also includes a generator operable to generate electric power. The system also includes a second linkage extending between the power plant and the generator. The second linkage is operable to transmit rotational power to the generator. The generator is operable to convert the rotational power to electrical power. The system also includes a controller operably coupled to the actuator to vary a pitch of the plurality of variable-pitch blades. The controller is also operably coupled to the power plant to adjust a power output. The controller is also operably coupled to the generator to determine demand on the generator. The controller is also operable to vary the pitch of the plurality of variable-pitch blades based at least in part on the demand on the generator.05-24-2012
20100209243Monitoring of Blade Frequencies of a Wind Turbine - A method for monitoring blade frequencies of a wind turbine and a monitoring system for performing the method are provided. An accelerometer or G-sensor is placed into a nacelle of a wind turbine and thereby measuring the vibrations of the nacelle. To extract the vibration signals originating from each blade, the vibration signals are combined with the measuring signals from the azimuth angle sensor (rotating angle), which is normally used for pitch control. To further extract each blade frequency a Fast Fourier Transformation is used on the modulated G-sensor signals. To further monitor a severe and alarming change in each blade frequency, each blade frequency is compared to the other blade frequencies and an alarm is set when a given level is reached.08-19-2010
20100209246YAW CONTROLLER FOR DOWNWIND WIND TURBINES - Apparatuses and methods are disclosed for the wind turbine yaw control. A wind turbine bedplate is rotateably mounted on a stationary tower. The bedplate is connected to a yaw encoder, which provides angular position of the bedplate with respect to the stationary tower. A wind vane, which can be attached to the bedplate, is connected to a wind vane encoder. The yaw encoder and wind vane encoder send data to a turbine controller. When the bedplate orientation differs from the average wind direction by a predetermined amount, a yaw brake that keeps the bedplate in place is released in a controllable fashion, such that some amount of friction between the brake pads and the stationary disk remains. Consequently, the bedplate will controllably rotate to align itself with the newly established average wind vector, thus aligning the turbine blade rotation plane substantially perpendicularly against the average wind vector. When the bedplate arrives to its new position, as determined by the yaw encoder reading, the yaw brake can be fully applied again to fix the bedplate at its new position.08-19-2010
20100209242Rotor Hub Vibration Attenuator - A vibration attenuator for an aircraft has at least one weight mounted in a rotating system of a rotor hub of the aircraft, each weight being rotatable about an axis of rotation of the hub relative to the hub and to each other weight. Drive means are provided for rotating each weight about the axis of rotation at a selected speed for creating oscillatory shear forces that oppose and attenuate rotor-induced vibrations having a selected frequency.08-19-2010
20110182730WIND TURBINE BLADE WITH DAMPING ELEMENT FOR EDGEWISE VIBRATIONS07-28-2011
20100068056BLADE PITCH CONTROL - A method of controlling blade pitch angle, comprising the steps of: 03-18-2010
20120134808WIND TURBINE OIL LUBRICATION PUMP - According to the present disclosure, a pressurization system for use in a wind turbine, the wind turbine including at least one rotor blade to capture wind energy and a shaft for transferring the wind energy to a generator is provided. The pressurization system includes at least one pressurizer that is adapted to be powered by the kinetic energy of the shaft and to provide a pressurized fluid to at least one hydrostatic bearing.05-31-2012
20120134805SPLIT LOAD PATH GEARBOX - A gearbox for a wind turbine, comprising a first planetary gear set; and a second planetary gear set having the same transmission ratio as the first planetary gear set; and, a load splitter to split the torque between the first planetary gear set and the second planetary gear set, wherein the load splitter is adapted to provide slip for absorbing deviations in the rotational position between the first planetary gear set and the second planetary gear set; and, wherein the first planetary gear set and the second planetary gear set are coupled in a split load arrangement for transmitting torque from a rotor shaft to a high speed shaft.05-31-2012
20120134802WIND TURBINE BLADE CONTROL - A wind turbine variable is controlled by detecting air flow conditions in front of the leading edge of the blade. One or more Laser Doppler Anemometers are mounted on or incorporated into the blade to determine air flow velocity in the region in front of the leading edge of the blade. The measured flow conditions may be used to control the position of a control surface such as a trailing edge flap or the rotor speed. The LDAs may comprise lasers of different frequencies to enable more than one component of flow velocity to be measured.05-31-2012
20120134800PROPELLER PITCHLOCK UN-LOCKING DEVICE - A propeller system includes a plurality of propeller blades and a pitch lock mechanism operably connected to the plurality of propeller blades. The pitch lock mechanism includes a pitch lock chamber and a pitch lock piston located in the pitch lock chamber biased toward a locked position when there is insufficient pressure in the pitch lock chamber thereby locking the pitch of the plurality of propeller blades. The propeller system includes a pitch unlock mechanism including a pitch unlock housing and a pitch unlock piston disposed in the pitch unlock housing. A fitting extends through the propeller system to the pitch unlock housing and introduction of fluid flow into the pitch unlock housing through the fitting urges the pitch unlock piston into contact with the pitch lock piston to overcome the bias of the pitch lock piston thereby unlocking the pitch of the plurality of propeller blades.05-31-2012
20120134813ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SYSTEM TO REDUCE IMBALANCE - A control system for use with a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine includes a rotor, a blade coupled to the rotor, a sensor configured to obtain a measurement of the wind turbine, and an active flow control system at least partially defined within the blade. The control system is configured to operate the active flow control system in a first mode, receive a signal from the sensor indicating a load imbalance on the rotor, and change an operation of the active flow control system from the first mode to a second mode based on the signal. The second mode is configured to reduce the load imbalance on the rotor.05-31-2012
20120134812APERTURE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR USE WITH A FLOW CONTROL SYSTEM - An active flow control system for use with a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine includes at least one blade. The active flow control system includes an air distribution system at least partially defined within said at least one blade. The air distribution system includes at least one aperture defined through the at least one blade. An aperture control system is in operational control communication with the air distribution system. The aperture control system includes an actuator at least partially positioned within the at least one blade and configured to control a flow of air discharged through the at least one aperture.05-31-2012
20120134811SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING AND/OR CONTROLLING LOADS IN A WIND TURBINE - A system for detecting loads in a wind turbine is disclosed. In one aspect, the system may generally include a shaft, first and second pillow blocks receiving portions of the shaft and a bedplate supporting the first and second pillow blocks. The second pillow block may be spaced axially apart from the first pillow block. Additionally, the system may include at least one sensor configured to directly or indirectly detect loads transmitted through the bedplate.05-31-2012
20120134810SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING AND/OR CONTROLLING LOADS IN A WIND TURBINE - A system for detecting loads in a wind turbine is disclosed. In one aspect, the system may generally include a shaft and first and second pillow blocks receiving portions of the shaft. The second pillow block may be spaced axially apart from the first pillow block. Additionally, the system may include at least one sensor configured to indirectly detect loads transmitted through at least one of the first pillow block and the second pillow block.05-31-2012
20120134809SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING LOADS TRANSMITTED THROUGH A BLADE ROOT OF A WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE - In one aspect, a system for detecting loads transmitted through a blade root of a rotor blade of a wind turbine is disclosed. The system may include a root attachment assembly configured to couple the blade root to a hub of the wind turbine. The root attachment assembly may include a barrel nut mounted within a portion of the blade root and a root bolt extending from the barrel nut. In addition, the system may include a sensor associated with the root attachment assembly. The sensor may be configured to detect loads transmitted through at least one of the barrel nut and the root bolt.05-31-2012
20120134807METHOD FOR PREVENTING ROTOR OVERSPEED OF A WIND TURBINE - A method for preventing a possible overspeed of a wind turbine rotor with at least one rotor blade is provided. The method includes detecting a yaw misalignment of the rotor, and imposing a restriction on changes of a pitch angle towards a feathered position of the at least one rotor blade after detecting the yaw misalignment. Further, a wind turbine having a rotor and a control system configured to prevent a possible overspeed of the rotor is provided.05-31-2012
20120134806WIND TURBINE AND A METHOD FOR PITCHING A BLADE OF A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine includes at least one wind turbine blade assembly. The blade assembly includes a blade and a pitch bearing arranged between the blade and a hub of the wind turbine, the blade assembly further including two or more hydraulic pitch cylinders for pitching the blade in relation to the hub. The two or more hydraulic pitch cylinders are arranged to expand in the same angular direction around the rotational axis of the pitch bearing. A method for pitching a blade of a wind turbine includes connecting a first end of the hydraulic pitch cylinders directly or indirectly to the hub; connecting a second end of the hydraulic pitch cylinders directly or indirectly to the blade; and expanding or contracting the hydraulic pitch cylinders in the same angular direction in relation to the rotational axis of the pitch bearing.05-31-2012
20120134804METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DEICING WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADES WITH INDUCED TORQUE - A method and associated system are provided for deicing turbine blades of a wind turbine, wherein rotational torque from a rotor hub on which the turbine blades are mounted is transmitted to a generator. The method and system include detecting conditions that are indicative of ice formation on a wind turbine blade. In response to detected icing conditions, generator torque is modulated so as to induce upstream vibrations in the turbine blades to shake loose ice that may have formed on the turbine blades.05-31-2012
20120219418GPS AUTOMATED TRACKING OF MOBILE MONITORING UNITS - A method of monitoring a wind turbine, including the steps of: attaching a condition monitoring (CM) module to a wind turbine; determining the location of the CM module based on information received at the wind turbine by the CM module; monitoring operational parameters of the wind turbine using the CM module; and transmitting the operational parameters to the central facility.08-30-2012
20120134801BLADE PITCH CONTROLLER, WIND TURBINE GENERATOR, AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING BLADE PITCH - A hydraulic cylinder is coupled to blades of a wind turbine generator and actuated to change a pitch angle of the blade. A variable displacement hydraulic pump supplies hydraulic oil to the hydraulic cylinder, and a discharge pressure of the pump does not follow a load pressure. When the discharge pressure of the hydraulic pump becomes a set pressure, a pressure control valve is opened to change a discharge amount of the hydraulic pump, and to make the discharge pressure of the hydraulic pump to be a pressure smaller than a cut off pressure. Further, a setting control unit sets the set pressure based on the hydraulic pressure that the hydraulic cylinder requires such that the set pressure becomes a minimum pressure required to change the pitch angle to a predetermined angle by the hydraulic cylinder.05-31-2012
20120134803METHOD FOR SHUT DOWN OF A WIND TURBINE HAVING ROTOR BLADES WITH FAIL-SAFE AIR BRAKES - A method for shutdown of a wind turbine having one or more wind turbine blades includes detecting an operational condition of the wind turbine that calls for an expedited or emergency shutdown of the wind turbine by means other than normal pitch control shutdown. Upon detection of the operational condition, one or more air brake flaps configured on each of the turbine blades is deployed by removing power to a fail-safe actuator operatively coupled to each of the air brake flaps. The fail-safe actuator is configured to hold the respective air brake flap at a retracted position relative to a suction side of the turbine blade in a powered state of the fail-safe actuator and to release the air brake flap for automatic deployment to an open position upon loss of power to the fail-safe actuator.05-31-2012
20110189014GAS TURBINE AND METHOD FOR VARYING THE AERODYNAMIC SHAPE OF A GAS TURBINE BLADE - A gas turbine and a method for varying the aerodynamic shape of a blade of the gas turbine is disclosed. The blade has a coating made of a shape-memory alloy. Hot air is transported via channels to the coated blade in order to cause a phase change in the coating and an aerodynamic shape change to the blade.08-04-2011
20120076652WIND TURBINE ACTIVE DAMPING ARRANGEMENT - A wind turbine active damping arrangement for damping forces exerted on a component connected to a main shaft of a wind turbine is proposed. The damping arrangement comprises a smart fluid damper and a control device for controlling a field generator of the smart fluid damper to control the extent of damping according to a performance parameter of the wind turbine. The smart fluid damper comprises a closed chamber containing a smart fluid and a piston. The piston travels along a direction in the chamber and comprises a channel through which the smart fluid can flow. The smart fluid damper comprises a field generator for generating a field across the smart fluid and an input for a field generator control signal for controlling the field generator to alter the field according to the performance parameter of the wind turbine.03-29-2012
20120177491METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING MATERIAL DEFECTS IN ROTOR BLADES OF COMBUSTION TURBINE ENGINES - A system for detecting defects in a turbine rotor blade of a combustion turbine engine. The system may include: a turbine rotor blade that includes an insulator coating; a first electrode that is electrically connected to the turbine rotor blade; a second electrode that resides in proximity to the turbine rotor blade; means for inducing a voltage across the first electrode and the second electrode; and means for detecting current flowing between the first electrode and the second electrode.07-12-2012
20100272568Systems, Methods, and Apparatus for Thermally Isolating a Turbine Rotor Wheel - Embodiments of the invention can provide systems, methods, and an apparatus for thermally isolating a turbine rotor wheel. According to one embodiment, a method for thermally isolating a turbine rotor wheel can be provided. The turbine rotor wheel can include a pair of blade posts, or shanks, supporting respective turbine rotor blades such that a shank cavity is formed between respective blade posts. To thermally isolate the turbine rotor wheel, at least one seal operable to partition the shank cavity into an upper region and a lower region can be provided. In addition, this seal can be inserted within the shank cavity to partition the shank cavity into an upper region and a lower region. In doing so, cooling air flow can be divided between the upper region and the lower region so that the lower region can be maintained at a lower temperature than the upper region.10-28-2010
20080232963TURBINE SHROUD SEGMENT TRANSPIRATION COOLING WITH INDIVIDUAL CAST INLET AND OUTLET CAVITIES - A shroud segment of a turbine shroud of a gas turbine engine comprises a platform with front and rear legs. The platform defines a plurality of axially extending holes with individual inlets on an outer surface of the platform for transpiration cooling of the platform of the turbine shroud segment.09-25-2008
20120315140PASSIVE CONVERTER - The invention describes a method for maximum power point tracking approximation and speed control of a wind turbine using an AC-DC converter consisting of “passive” components only. The proposed system only uses passive electrical components or semiconductors such as inductors, capacitor or diodes. In the proposed concept this is done by designing an electric circuit so that it loads the generator output in such a way as to realize a pre-defined torque-frequency characteristic. By carefully choosing the values of the different components, the circuit can be tuned to fit an ideal torque-frequency curve. This torque characteristic is close to the maximum-power tracking control law up to the rated rotor speed, and steeply rises beyond that speed in order to maintain the rotor speed within a certain range and prevent turbine runaway.12-13-2012
20120315139COOLING FLOW CONTROL MEMBERS FOR TURBOMACHINE BUCKETS AND METHOD - A turbomachine bucket includes a base portion having a first end that extends to a second end, and an airfoil portion extending from the first end of the base portion. The airfoil portion includes a first end section that extends to a tip section. A plurality of cooling channels extend through the turbomachine bucket from the first end of the base portion to the tip portion, and a cooling flow control member is arranged in one of the plurality of cooling channels. The cooling flow control member creates at least a partial flow restriction in the one of the plurality of cooling channels to modify cooling flow passing through the turbomachine bucket.12-13-2012
20120257968WIND POWER PLANT CONTROLLER FOR AVOIDING COMMON CAUSE SHUTDOWN - A wind power plant comprising a plurality of wind turbines, the power plant further comprising: a power plant controller connected to at least a first and a second of the plurality of wind turbines; the power plant controller comprising means for detecting a shutdown of the first wind turbine in response to current wind conditions; the power plant controller further comprising means to control the second wind turbine such that an operating parameter of the second wind turbine is modified in response to a detection of a shutdown of the first wind turbine in response to current wind conditions.10-11-2012
20120257967METHOD AND CONTROLLER FOR GENERATING A BLADE PITCH ANGLE CONTROL SIGNAL AND WIND TURBINE COMPRISING THE CONTROLLER - A method for generating a blade pitch angle control signal for controlling a blade pitch angle of a rotating rotor blade for damping a rotor blade vibration, in particular an edgewise rotor blade vibration, of the rotating rotor blade is disclosed. The blade pitch angle control signal is generated such that it varies in accordance with a rotor blade vibration motion. A controller and a wind turbine are also disclosed.10-11-2012
20120082547EFFICIENT WIND TURBINE BLADES, WIND TURBINE BLADE STRUCTURES, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE, ASSEMBLY AND USE - Wind turbine systems and methods are disclosed herein. A representative system includes a wind turbine blade having an inner region that has an internal load-bearing truss structure, and an outer region that has an internal, non-truss, load-bearing structure. In particular embodiments, the truss structure can include a triangular arrangement of spars, and/or can include truss attachment members that connect components of the truss without the use of holes in the spars. Spars can be produced from a plurality of pultruded composite members laminated together in longitudinally extending portions. The longitudinally extending portions can be connected at joints that interleave projections and recesses of each of the spar portions. The blades can include fan-shaped transitions at a hub attachment portion, formed by laminated layers and/or a combination of laminated layers and transition plates.04-05-2012
20120263590ROTARY WING BLADE, ROTOR COMPRISING AT LEAST TWO OF SUCH BLADES AND METHOD TO IMPLEMENT SUCH A ROTOR - The present disclosure is directed to a rotary wing rotor comprising one or more blades. Each blade has a torsion frequency around its span being substantially equal to a rotation frequency (Ω) of the rotor; torsion means twist to the rotation frequency of the rotor, in synchronization with said rotation; and comprising a material configured to dampen the torsion resonance, so as to avoid the resonance divergence.10-18-2012
20120230822CEILING FAN APPARATUS AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREFOR - The invention comprises a ceiling fan method and apparatus configured to aid in distribution of air within a space. Optional ceiling fan elements include one or more of: coupling the ceiling fan to a cool air line from an air conditioner, curvature of fan blades on the ceiling fan, cuts and/or apertures leading through the fan blades, cool air distribution lines within the fan blades, and air flow boosters incorporated in the fan blades.09-13-2012
20120230820METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR DETECTING A BLADE PITCH ANGLE UNBALANCE OF A ROTOR BLADE SYSTEM OF A WIND TURBINE - A method is provided for detecting a blade pitch angle unbalance of a rotor blade system of a wind turbine, the rotor blade system rotating around a rotor rotation axis. The method includes yawing the rotor rotation axis about a yawing axis transverse to the rotor rotation axis. The method also includes obtaining a load signal indicative of a load due to the yawing. The method further includes analyzing the load signal regarding a frequency component of the load signal, and detecting the blade pitch angle unbalance based on the analyzed load signal.09-13-2012
20090004004Rotorcraft - There is described a rotary wing aircraft comprising a fuselage (01-01-2009
20110038727METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRESSURE ADAPTIVE MORPHING STRUCTURE - A method and apparatus for a novel adaptive aerostructure is presented that relies on certified aerospace materials and can therefore be applied in conventional passenger aircraft. This structure consists of a honeycomb material which cells extend over a significant length perpendicular to the plane of the cells. Each of the cells contains an inelastic pouch (or bladder) that forms a circular tube when the cell forms a perfect hexagon. By changing the cell differential pressure (CDP) the stiffness of the honeycomb can be altered. Using an external force or the elastic force within the honeycomb material, the honeycomb can be deformed such that the cells deviate from their perfect-hexagonal shape. It can be shown that by increasing the CDP, the structure eventually returns to a perfect hexagon. By doing so, a fully embedded pneumatic actuator is created that can perform work and substitute conventional low-bandwidth flight control actuators. It is shown that two approaches can be taken to regulate the stiffness of this embedded actuator.02-17-2011
20120269625SYSTEM TO COOL THE NACELLE AND THE HEAT GENERATING COMPONENTS OF AN OFFSHORE WIND TURBINE - A system to cool the air inside a nacelle and the heat generating components housed in the nacelle of an offshore wind turbine is presented. An upper cooling circuit is disposed in the nacelle. A reservoir is disposed below the upper cooling circuit and has a lid that freely rotates about a vertical axis of the reservoir along with an inlet and an outlet pipe of the upper cooling circuit as the nacelle yaws, the vertical axis of the reservoir being coincident with a yaw axis of the nacelle. A lower cooling circuit is disposed below the reservoir. Coolant is circulated through the upper cooling circuit using a cooling pump disposed between the nacelle and the upper cooling circuit. The upper cooling circuit carries heat from the heat generating components and from the air inside the nacelle to the reservoir. The lower cooling circuit carries heat from the reservoir to the bottom of the tower and dissipates the heat to the sea water through a heat exchanger that is cooled by the sea water.10-25-2012
20120269626AIRCRAFT PROPELLER BALANCING SYSTEM - An aircraft system and method with a first counterweight rotating balancing rotor mass concentration, and a second counterweight rotating balancing rotor mass concentration to balance a first aircraft propeller. The system includes an inboard electromagnetic coil driver with a first inboard electromagnetic coil, and a second inboard electromagnetic coil, the inboard electromagnetic coil driver and the first counterweight balancing rotor and the second counterweight balancing rotor centered around the aircraft propeller shaft rotating machine member. The system/method utilizes a first control system controller to control the coils and position the mass concentrations to balance the first aircraft propeller. The system/method includes a third counterweight rotating balancing rotor mass concentration, and a fourth counterweight rotating balancing rotor mass concentration to balance a second aircraft propeller which positioned and controlled by a second control system controller.10-25-2012
20110044811WIND TURBINE AS WIND-DIRECTION SENSOR - A method of wind turbine control includes determining wind tangential velocity, averaged over a rotor swept plane, from an instantaneous measurement of a rotor azimuth angle and a rotor teeter angle.02-24-2011
20110211952ROTOR BLADE FOR WIND TURBINE - A rotor blade for a wind turbine and a method for reducing rotor blade noise are disclosed. The rotor blade includes a body having exterior surfaces defining a pressure side, a suction side, a leading edge, and a trailing edge extending between a tip and a root, the surfaces further defining an interior. The rotor blade further includes at least one purge conduit defined in the tip and configured for exhausting air from the interior such that the air generally reduces noise at the tip.09-01-2011
20120321464Method for acoustically monitoring a wind turbine, acoustic monitoring system for a wind turbine and re-equipment kit - A method for acoustically monitoring a wind turbine, in particular for monitoring the existence of loose objects inside the wind turbine is provided. A sound generated in a rotating part of the wind turbine is monitored during operation of the wind turbine which sound is analyzed with respect to specific parameter values of the sound within at least one specific frequency range and if such specific parameter values are detected, a signal for possible further actions is generated. An acoustic monitoring system for a wind turbine and a re-equipment kit are also disclosed.12-20-2012
20120321463METHOD OF OPTIMIZING THE POWER RECOVERED BY A WIND TURBINE BY REDUCING THE MECHANICAL IMPACT ON THE STRUCTURE - A method of optimizing the power recovered by a wind turbine by reducing the mechanical impact on the structure is disclosed. A first angle of inclination of the blades allowing the recovered power to be optimized is determined. The aerodynamic force produced on the nacelle when the blades are directed with a first angle is determined. A second angle of inclination of the blades allowing obtaining an aerodynamic force setpoint value is then determined by inverting the aerodynamic force model and using a wind velocity measurement, a rotor velocity measurement and the aerodynamic force setpoint value. Finally, the blades are directed to the second angle.12-20-2012
20120321461Gas Turbine Bladed Rotor For Aeronautic Engines And Method For Cooling Said Bladed Rotor - A bladed rotor of a gas turbine for aeronautic engines is cooled by making an air mass flow through a plurality of passages, each one defined by a turbine disk on one side and by a root of a corresponding blade coupled to this turbine disk on the other, the incoming air of each passage being subdivided into two or more airflows and each flow being directed towards the turbine disk in a predefined direction.12-20-2012
20110236207Rotor Platform of Aerodynamic Force and Method of Aerodynamic Force Generation - Rotor platform of aerodynamic force is meant for generating aerodynamic lift force in horizontal position and aerodynamic transverse force in vertical position, with further practical implementation as a robust power installation of transport vehicle facilities.09-29-2011
20110236206GAS TURBINE BUCKET WITH SERPENTINE COOLED PLATFORM AND RELATED METHOD - A cooling circuit for a turbine bucket having a shank, a platform and an airfoil. The cooling circuit includes a first cooling passage extending from an inlet located at a radially inward end of the shank and adapted to communicate with a turbine wheel-space, the first cooling passage, in use, supplying cooling air to a serpentine cooling circuit extending within and across at least one region of the platform. The serpentine cooling circuit connects with a separate internal cooling circuit in the airfoil, such that the cooling air used to cool the platform is re-used in the airfoil cooling circuit.09-29-2011
20110158805PITCH CONTROL SYSTEM - The present invention relates to a pitch control system for operating the blade pitch of the rotor blades of a wind turbine generator. A method is disclosed wherein a command signal or pitch demand is applied to the blade pitch system of the rotor blades and the resulting response signal or pitch response is received. The received pitch response is compared to a reference and a signal indicative of a pitch system fault may be generated if a difference between the response signal and the reference is detected as being larger than a preset criterion. The deviating behaviour of a blade pitch system can thereby be detected which enables a testing or monitoring of the condition of the pitch system of the rotor blades of a wind turbine generator.06-30-2011
20110158804Exchange of momentum wind turbine vane - An exchange of momentum wind turbine vane having a large area for exchange of momentum which is made rigid with buckleable wing columns capable of automatic self-feathering the vane to protect it from damaging high-speed wind. The large vane area provides very low windspeed startup. In the preferred embodiment the vane is plastic and very inexpensive to manufacture. Four embodiments are described and shown.06-30-2011
20120087792EMERGENCY FEATHER RATE LIMIT WITH PROPORTIONALITY TO OPERATING PITCH ANGLE AND ENERGY STORAGE VOLTAGE - A system and method are disclosed for an emergency feathering control of a wind turbine during emergency feathering of the turbine blades that is independent of a turbine control and pitch control unit. A variable pitch rate controller generates commands to drive an AC servo motor for blade feathering. A first pitch rate is obtained with a back-up storage unit, such as a super capacitor. The commands from the controller vary the pitch rate of the blades during feathering in an emergency to a second pitch rate that is different from the first pitch rate.04-12-2012
20120321462WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE WITH STALL COMPENSATION - An improved wind turbine blade design is disclosed. The wind turbine blade includes a plurality of pivotable blade segments. Each blade segment has a leading edge segment and a trailing edge segment. At least one sensor is configured to measure a performance condition associated with the blade segment. An actuator is configured to pivot the blade segment to change an angle of attack based on the performance condition.12-20-2012
20120328433Method For Balancing A Propulsive System Having Non-Hull Contra-Rotating Propellers - According to the invention, at least one of the counterweights (12-27-2012
20120328432NOISE REDUCTION IN A TURBOMACHINE, AND A RELATED METHOD THEREOF - An apparatus includes a first set of blades and a second set of blades disposed downstream relative to the first set of blades. The first set of blades includes a first subset of blades, wherein each blade among the first subset of blades comprises one or more first geometric parameters. The second set of blades includes a second subset of blades, wherein each blade among the second subset of blades comprises one or more second geometric parameters different from the one or more first geometric parameters.12-27-2012
20130022461MINIMAL-ACOUSTIC-IMPACT INLET COOLING FLOW - An impeller shroud for a mechanical system has a hyperboloid shape with a rim at the air-inlet end. The face of the inlet rim is perpendicular to the flow direction. A plurality of slots through which air is allowed to pass is disposed symmetrically about the rim. A plurality of solid areas extends along the circumference of the rim between the adjacent slots. The ratio of the sum of the plurality of slots in degrees and the sum of the solid areas in degrees disposed about the rim is between 3:1 and 11:1.01-24-2013
20100202881DOWNWIND POWER PLANT, AND A METHOD FOR OPERATING A DOWNWIND POWER PLANT - The present invention concerns a downwind power plant (08-12-2010
20120141270DRIVETRAIN AND METHOD FOR LUBRICATING BEARING IN WIND TURBINE - A drivetrain for a wind turbine and a method for lubricating a bearing in a drivetrain of a wind turbine are disclosed. The drivetrain includes a rotatable component and a bearing surrounding the rotatable component. The drivetrain further includes a lubrication passage in fluid communication with the bearing for providing lubrication fluid thereto, and a drainage passage in fluid communication with the bearing for removing lubrication fluid therefrom. Further, the drivetrain includes a dry sump in fluid communication with the drainage passage. The dry sump includes a pump operable to flow lubrication fluid from the drainage passage.06-07-2012
20130011257POWER GENERATING APPARATUS AND METHOD - A method is provided for generating power comprising the steps of: 01-10-2013
20100143123APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CLEANING AN ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL (AFC) SYSTEM OF A WIND TURBINE - An active flow control (AFC) system for use with a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine includes at least one rotor blade. The AFC system includes at least two manifolds at least partially defined within the at least one rotor blade, at least one aperture in flow communication with each manifold of the at least two manifolds, a gas supply coupled in flow communication with the at least two manifolds, and a valve system operatively coupled to the gas supply. The valve system is configured to block a gas flow to a first manifold of the at least two manifolds to redistribute the gas flow to a second manifold of the at least two manifolds.06-10-2010
20130017084HIGH EFFICIENCY VERICAL AXIS WIND TURBINEAANM Anderson; ClaudeAACI Arden HillsAAST MNAACO USAAGP Anderson; Claude Arden Hills MN US - A vertical axis wind turbine having a rotor assembly within a support structure supporting a rotor assembly. A directional vane repositions a guide track to maintain a substantially fixed position relative to changes in the wind direction. A blade is rotatably connected to a strut extending from a rotatable shaft. The blade pitch is controllable with a guide pin positioned substantially near the trailing edge of the blade. The guide pin follows a guide track resulting in a blade pitch that may change as the blade rotates through a revolution. Multiple guide tracks may be used to change the blade pitch pattern at a given position as a result of varying operating conditions such as wind velocity. Using guide track pitch control, the drag and lift forces can be optimized for improved starting torque as well as improved lift and reduced drag under high wind velocity conditions.01-17-2013
20130017083Excessive Wind Portal for Wind TurbinesAANM Graham; John F.AACI AustinAAST TXAACO USAAGP Graham; John F. Austin TX USAANM Paden; Jonathan A.AACI AustinAAST TXAACO USAAGP Paden; Jonathan A. Austin TX US - Systems and methods for reducing wind pressure on wind turbine blades by selectively opening excessive wind portals in the turbine blades. One embodiment comprises a wind turbine system in which each of the turbine's blades has a portal therethrough that is opened or closed by a movable panel. Each panel is connected on one edge to the corresponding blade at the edge of the portal. Hook-and-loop material (Velcro) is attached to the edges of each portal and panel, allowing the panels to alternately open and then close the portals over a series of high wind events. Excessive wind pressure forces the panels to be released, opening the portals. Gravity or reversed wind direction with respect to the blade can be used to reseal the panels.01-17-2013
20130022463TURBINE BLADES AND SYSTEMS WITH FORWARD BLOWING SLOTS - A blade for use in a wind turbine comprises a pressure side and suction side meeting at a trailing edge and leading edge. The pressure side and suction side provide lift to the turbine blade upon the flow of air from the leading edge to the trailing edge and over the pressure side and suction side. The blade includes one or more openings at the suction side, in some cases between the leading edge and the trailing edge. The one or more openings are configured to provide a pressurized fluid towards the leading edge of the blade, in some cases at an angle between about 0° and 70° with respect to an axis oriented from a centerline of the blade toward the leading edge.01-24-2013
20130022462ENERGY-EFFICIENT WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SCHEME FOR WIND TURBINES - A method of operating a wind turbine includes providing a wind turbine having a plurality of blades. A respective sensor is attached to each of the blades. First measurements of a structural characteristic of each of the blades are repeatedly taken by use of the sensors. A tolerance band is established for the measurements. Signals indicative of the first measurements are wirelessly transmitted only if the first measurements are outside of the tolerance band. The transmitted signals are received at a controller. An actuator signal is sent from the controller to at least one actuator associated with the blades. The sending is in response to the receiving of the transmitted signals. At least one of the blades is actuated dependent upon the actuator signal. The actuating is performed by the at least one actuator. Second measurements of the structural characteristic of each of the blades are repeatedly taken by use of the sensors after the actuating step. The wirelessly transmitting, receiving, sending and actuating steps are repeated for the second measurements.01-24-2013
20130022464Control of a wind turbine, rotor blade and wind turbine - A wind turbine rotor blade is equipped with an air chamber and equipped via the air chamber to route a modulation beam out of the rotor blade such that the air current along the rotor blade is changed. Thereby the laminar current is changed into a turbulent current on the one hand and its detachment and on the other hand its recreation is achieved in order to produce the laminar current. The control may occur via electrostatic actuators via a learnable control strategy based on neural forecasts, which take the complexity of the non-linear system into account and allow for the plurality of influencing factors. The stress on the rotor blades may be reduced, resulting in longer service life and reduced maintenance costs, a higher level of efficiency or quieter operation.01-24-2013
20130170981METHOD FOR ROBUST WIRELESS WIND TURBINE CONDITION MONITORING - A wind turbine condition monitoring system and method are disclosed where the wind turbines include a tower, a gearbox coupled to the tower, and turbine blades coupled to the gearbox. The monitoring system includes blade sensors coupled to the blades, a hub node coupled to the gearbox and a controller. The controller is in communication with the hub node and blade sensors, and determines blade positions based on blade sensor readings. The blade sensors and hub node can include multi-axis accelerometers. The controller can wirelessly communicate with the blade sensors directly or through the hub node. Using position information, shadowing areas with obstructed communication can be avoided, node separation can be accounted for to reduce power requirements and/or interference from multiple transmitters can be avoided during node communications.07-04-2013
20130170982TURBINE AND METHOD FOR SEPARATING PARTICULATES FROM A FLUID - According to one aspect of the invention, a turbine airfoil includes a first cavity inside the turbine airfoil configured to receive a fluid and a second cavity inside the turbine airfoil. The turbine airfoil also includes a passage inside the turbine airfoil that provides fluid communication between the first and second cavities, wherein the passage includes a curved portion configured to separate particulates from the fluid as the fluid flows through the passage.07-04-2013
20130170983TURBINE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR REDUCING FLUID FLOW BETWEEN TURBINE COMPONENTS - According to one aspect of the invention, a turbine assembly includes a stator and a rotor adjacent to the stator. The turbine assembly also includes a passage formed in a projection from the rotor to form a fluid curtain between the rotor and stator, wherein the fluid curtain reduces a flow of fluid into a hot gas path.07-04-2013
20130170984Last Stage Blade Design to Reduce Turndown Vibration - A turbine bucket includes a bucket airfoil having a cross-section in an airfoil shape. The bucket is twisted from a root end to a tip end. A degree of twist defines an accumulated angular offset of the tip end in a range of 10-15° relative to a tangential direction, thereby reducing excess negative incidence by 15-20° relative to the tangential direction.07-04-2013
20130142649COOLED TURBINE BLADE AND METHOD FOR COOLING A TURBINE BLADE - A cooled turbine blade comprises a root for fixing the blade to rotor, an airfoil extending along a radial axis from the root, and a tip shroud disposed at a radially outward end of the airfoil. The tip shroud extends in a circumferential direction from the airfoil and defines, within itself, a core plenum and a peripheral plenum. The airfoil defines an aft airfoil cooling passage that extends radially through the airfoil proximate a trailing edge portion of the airfoil. The airfoil also defines an aft cooling inlet for providing an aft stream of cooling fluid to the aft airfoil cooling passage. The airfoil also defines at least one aft cooling exit for discharging the aft stream of cooling fluid from the aft airflow cooling passage to the peripheral plenum. The tip shroud defines at least one peripheral plenum vent for discharging the aft stream of cooling fluid.06-06-2013
20130177414METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING THE CLEARANCE AT THE BLADES TIPS OF A TURBINE ROTOR - A system and method for controlling clearance between tips of moving blades of an aeroplane gas-turbine engine and a turbine shroud of an outer casing surrounding the blades. The method includes controlling, according to an operating speed of the engine, a valve positioned in an air duct opening at a stage of the compressor of the engine and leading into a control housing positioned around the outer surface of the turbine shroud and supplied with air coming only from the compressor stage. The valve is opened to cool the turbine shroud during a high-speed phase corresponding to takeoff and climb phases of an aeroplane propelled by the engine and during a nominal-speed phase following the high-speed phase and corresponding to a cruise phase of the aeroplane.07-11-2013
20130177415System and Method for Variation of the Pitch Angle Position of Rotor Blades of a Wind Energy Installation - A system for variation of the pitch angle position of rotor blades of a wind energy installation includes drive units, closed-loop control devices, and system control connections. The drive units are in each case individually associated with the rotor blades. The closed-loop control devices are in each case individually associated with the drive units. The system control connections are switchable by switching means. By way of the system control connections, in the event of a failure or a malfunction of at least one closed-loop control device a drive unit which is associated with the at least one closed-loop control device is operated in parallel with and at the same time as another drive unit, by means of a closed-loop control device which is associated with the other drive unit.07-11-2013
20130177416WIND TURBINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAID WIND TURBINE WHEREIN A RISK OF ICING IS DETERMINED ON THE BASIS OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA - A method for operating a wind turbine includes detecting a surface temperature of a component of the wind turbine and determining a risk of icing of the component of the wind turbine. A frost or dew point temperature of the ambient air is determined and a difference between the surface temperature and the frost or dew point temperature is evaluated during the determination of the risk of icing.07-11-2013
20130177417ICE DETECTION METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WIND TURBINE BLADES - The invention provides a method and system of detecting ice or other foreign matter on a wind turbine blade or damage to a wind turbine blade. The method in one aspect comprises: measuring twisting torque on the blade about its longitudinal axis to provide a detected torque signal; comparing a value based on the detected torque signal with a comparison value, the comparison value derived from one or more measured parameters having a predetermined relationship with the twisting torque about the longitudinal axis of the blade when the blade is operating under normal operating conditions; and determining that ice or other foreign matter is on the blade or that the blade is damaged if the value based on the detected torque signal differs from the comparison value by more than a predetermined amount. Wind turbine blades are designed such that any change in the shape of the blade reduces twisting torque on the blades significantly. Torque about the longitudinal axis of the blade can therefore be used as a sensitive indicator of ice on the blade and of damage to the blade.07-11-2013
20130177418METHOD FOR ADJUSTING THE ROTATIONAL SPEED OF A WIND TURBINE AND WIND TURBINE - A method for operating a wind turbine (07-11-2013
20130094963DISTRIBUTED PROPULSION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROL - This invention relates to a method and apparatus for controlling power distribution in an electrical aircraft propulsive system having at least one electrical propulsion unit which includes a plurality of rotatable blades, each blade having an adjustable pitch; a pitch adjusting mechanism for adjusting the pitch of the blades; at least one electrical machine electrically connected to the electrical propulsion unit so as to provide electrical power when in use; and, a control system, the method comprising the steps of: determining the required propulsion; determining whether the propulsive units are delivering the required propulsion; and, adjusting the pitch angle of the blades of at least one propulsive unit so as to increase or decrease the propulsion provided by that propulsive unit.04-18-2013
20130094962System and Method for a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine - A system and method for a vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) is described which can provide the basis for a new and improved wind turbine design suitable for a range of different power classes such as from 4 kilowatts to 10 megawatts. A vertical blade of chord length C is attached to a central hub via a main support strut of chord length C. The main support strut comprises two sections: a blade-support-section and a counterweight-support-section. Both the blade-support-section and the counter-weight-support-section have a blunt leading edge and a tapered trailing edge with the profile reversing either side of the hub axis. Two control struts comprising aerodynamic profiles support the blade wherein one control strut connects to the upper surface of the main support strut and the other control strut connects to the lower surface of the main support strut hub. The main support strut and the control struts provide lift to the wind turbine and reduce drag. The vertical blade and the main support strut comprise an integrated differential strain gauge, which is linked to a central controller and provides real time data on the integrity of the blade and strut.04-18-2013
20130094961ESTIMATION OF WIND PROPERTIES USING A LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING DEVICE - Embodiments of the invention provide methods, systems, and apparatus for determining a property of wind approaching a wind turbine. A light detection and ranging equipment may be used to determine a property of the wind at a plurality of locations ahead of a turbine. A wind flow model may be used to determine the property of wind expected at the rotor of the wind turbine based on the readings of the light detection and ranging device.04-18-2013
20130094959ROTOR BLADE COMPONENT COOLING - A rotor blade for a rotary wing aircraft includes a component bay located substantially enclosed in the rotor blade and one or more components positioned in the component bay. An airflow is located at the component bay and an airflow outlet is located at the component bay radially outboard of the airflow inlet. The airflow inlet and airflow outlet allow a continuous airflow through the component bay via centrifugal forces of rotation of the rotor blade, the continuous airflow cooling the one or more components disposed at the component bay.04-18-2013
20130094960ESTIMATION OF WIND PROPERTIES USING A LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING DEVICE - Embodiments of the invention provide methods, systems, and apparatus for determining a property of wind approaching a wind turbine. A light detection and ranging equipment may emit pulsed radiation into oncoming wind to detect properties of the wind at a plurality of predefined locations. A property of the wind approaching the wind turbine may be determined based on the property of wind measured at at least two predefined locations.04-18-2013
20130094958SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING FLOW THROUGH A ROTOR - One embodiment of the present invention is a system for controlling flow through a rotor. The system includes an inlet port in the rotor and an outlet port in the rotor. The outlet port is in fluid communication with the inlet port. A fixed orifice is disposed in at least one of the inlet or outlet ports. A variable orifice is disposed in at least one of the inlet or outlet ports in a separate location from the fixed orifice.04-18-2013
20130115081HIGH SOLIDITY AND LOW ENTRANCE ANGLE IMPELLERS ON TURBINE ROTOR DISK - According to an embodiment disclosed herein, an apparatus for cooling a rotating part having cooling channels therein, the rotating part attaching to a disk rotating about an axis, the disk having a conduit for feeding a cooling fluid to the cooling channel is described. The apparatus has a first impeller rotating with the disk and in register with the conduit and an outer periphery of the disk, the impeller directing the cooling flow to the conduit.05-09-2013
20130115083TURBINE ENGINE HAVING TWO UNDUCTED PROPELLERS - A turbine engine including two outer coaxial counter-rotating unducted propellers, of an upstream propeller and a downstream propeller, respectively. The blades of the downstream propeller are retractable in the lengthwise direction thereof so as to reduce the diameter of the propeller. The reduction in the diameter of the downstream propeller makes it possible to reduce noise caused by vortices generated by the upstream propeller.05-09-2013
20130115082INDEPENDENT BLADE PITCH CONTROL - A system and method are provided to increase efficiency of turbines in wind farms. A sensor is configured to detect direction and speed of an inflow of wind. A controller is configured to generate a control signal based the detected direction and speed of the inflow of wind. A pitch adjustment device configured to adjust pitch of a blade of the turbine based on the control signal.05-09-2013
20130101414ROTOR BLADE DE-ICING - A rotor blade (04-25-2013
20130101413WIND TURBINE WITH AIR DENSITY CORRECTION OF PITCH ANGLE - A method of controlling the pitch angle of a wind turbine is provided. The wind turbine includes a rotor having at least one rotor blade. A pitch angle of the at least one rotor blade can be variably set. The method includes setting the pitch angle of the at least one rotor blade as a function of the determined air density.04-25-2013
20130129508WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine 05-23-2013
20130129507Composite Propeller Spar - A method and apparatus comprising a composite spar. The composite spar has a root section and a main section. The root section is closed and has a shape configured to be connected to a blade retention system. The main section has an open channel. The composite spar is configured for placement inside of a blade.05-23-2013
20090232652METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ROTATING A COMPONENT OF A WIND ENERGY PLANT - The invention is related to a method for rotating a component of a wind energy plant by traversing an adjustment device, wherein the adjustment device comprises at least two adjustment drives, each one thereof having at least one electric motor, for traversing the adjustment device, and wherein during the traversing of the adjustment device, the electric motor of at least one of the at least two adjustment drives is operated at another rotational speed than the electric motor of at least one other of the at least two adjustment drives. Furthermore, the invention is related to a corresponding device.09-17-2009
20130156576Method and Apparatus for Monitoring Electromechanical Device Performance and Reliability - Methods and apparatus for monitoring air cooling fans including, by way of non-limiting examples, the determination of an upper and lower boundary limit of acceptable fan operation, sends a control signal to a fan being monitored, measures the fan rotation rate or fan power consumption subsequent to sending the control signal; and issues an alarm if the measured fan rotation rate is above the upper boundary limit or below the lower boundary limit.06-20-2013
20110211954LIFT DEVICE FOR ROTOR BLADE IN WIND TURBINE - A lift device for a rotor blade and a method for increasing the lift of a rotor blade for a wind turbine are disclosed. The rotor blade has exterior surfaces defining a pressure side and a suction side extending between a leading edge and a trailing edge. The lift device includes a first aerodynamic surface configured for mounting to the pressure side of the rotor blade, and a second opposing aerodynamic surface configured to interact with wind flowing past the lift device. The lift device has a generally increasing cross-sectional area in a flow direction of the wind. The lift device is configured to increase the lift of the rotor blade.09-01-2011
20110211951APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OPERATION OF AN OFF-SHORE WIND TURBINE - A method for operating an off-shore wind turbine and a wind-turbine is provided. The off-shore wind turbine is at least temporarily situated in water and includes a rotor with at least one rotor blade and a pitch drive system coupled to the at least one rotor blade. The pitch drive system is adapted for pitching the at least one rotor blade, wherein the wind turbine further includes a wind turbine control. The method includes determining at least one of a water condition; in dependence of the outcome of the determining, defining peak shaver settings; and pitching the at least one rotor blade according to the peak shaver settings. Furthermore, the wind turbine has a sensor adapted for measuring one of the water current speed, the water current direction and the water level at or close to the wind turbine.09-01-2011
20130149144WINDMILL - A windmill structure for converting wind energy to electrical energy comprises a thrust holding foundation having a plurality of holes for fixing the windmill structure on a ground surface. A tower consists of a bottom end and a top end. The bottom end of the tower is positioned at a middle portion of the foundation. A plurality of wind-engaging blades extended from the top end of the tower. A plurality of concave panels with larger surface area may be used as the plurality of wind-engaging blades. A plurality of supporting structures is utilized for attaching the plurality of wind-engaging blades on the top end of the tower and a power generator molded at one end of the tower. The arrangement of the plurality of wind-engaging blades facilitates to attain maximum rotation with minimal wind energy thereby increasing the overall efficiency of the windmill structure.06-13-2013
20130149145WIND TURBINE - The invention relates to a wind turbine, comprising a tower, a nacelle, at least one blade with a tip end and a root end and monitoring means for monitoring the surface condition of the blade, wherein said monitoring means are located at the tower or at the nacelle and wherein said monitoring means are adapted to monitor the surface condition of at least substantially one entire side of the blade from its tip end to its root end.06-13-2013
20130149146SHUFFLING CALIPER YAW ACTUATOR AND BRAKE SYSTEM - A yaw actuation and braking system and method for controlling a yaw position of a wind turbine nacelle with respect to a tower. A brake rotor may be rigidly connected to one of the tower and the nacelle. A first brake caliper may be disposed to selectively close upon the brake rotor. A first linear actuator may be coupled between the first brake caliper and the other of the tower and the nacelle.06-13-2013
20120275918LOCKING SPACER ASSEMBLY FOR A TURBINE ENGINE - A locking spacer assembly for filling a void between adjacent components in a turbine engine. In at least one embodiment, the locking spacer assembly may be configured to be inserted between adjacent turbine blades in a disc groove in a turbine blade stage assembly. The locking spacer assembly may be formed from radially inward and outward supports coupled together with a locking device. The inward and outward supports establish the desired spacing between adjacent blade supports. The locking device may include components that prevent the locking device from accidentally loosening during use.11-01-2012
20130156577METHOD OF CONTROLLING A WIND TURBINE - A method of controlling a wind turbine is provided. The method includes the steps of obtaining a number of operating values relevant to a wind turbine, calculating a thrust setpoint on the basis of the operating values, and controlling a wind turbine according to a thrust setpoint. A wind park controller, a wind turbine controller, and a wind park are also provided.06-20-2013
20130156575Blade-Pitch Control System with Feedback Lever - The present application includes a blade-pitch control system for controlling a pitch angle of each of a plurality of blades on an aircraft rotor. A feedback lever associated with each blade is pivotally mounted to the rotating portion of a swashplate assembly. A pitch link connects an output arm of a lever to a pitch horn of a corresponding blade, and a feedback link connects the input arm of the lever to a yoke. Flapping motion of the yoke causes motion of the feedback link, and this motion causes corresponding rotation of the lever. Rotation of the lever causes motion of the pitch link, which changes the pitch angle of the attached blade. This provides for selected pitch-flap coupling between flapping motion of the yoke and pitch motion of the blades.06-20-2013
20120282091Method and computing module for determining pitch angle adjustment signals of a wind turbine based on the maximum rotational speed - A method and corresponding arrangement are provided for determining pitch angle adjustment signals for adjusting a pitch angle of a rotor blade connected to a rotation shaft of a wind turbine. The method includes obtaining a first maximal speed signal indicative of a first desired maximal rotational speed of the rotation shaft. The method also includes deriving a first pitch angle adjustment signal based on the first maximal speed signal. The method further includes obtaining a second maximal speed signal indicative of a second desired maximal rotational speed of the rotation shaft different from the first desired maximal rotational speed of the rotation shaft. Further, the method includes deriving a second pitch angle adjustment signal based on the second maximal speed signal. The second pitch angle adjustment signal is different from the first pitch angle adjustment signal.11-08-2012
20120282090HYDRAULIC CYCLIC BLADE SPEED CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD - A hydraulic blade speed control apparatus and method. The apparatus includes a rotor assembly comprising a shaft; a first blade assembly pivotably attached to the shaft at a first initial position; a second blade assembly pivotably attached to the shaft assembly at a second initial position opposite to the first initial position; and a hydraulic movement mechanism. An initial angle of 180 degrees exists between the first blade assembly with said respect to the second blade assembly. The rotor assembly is configured to rotate the first blade assembly and the second blade assembly in a first direction and a second direction opposite to the first direction. The hydraulic movement mechanism is configured to pivotably move the first blade assembly in different angular positions with respect to the rotor assembly and the second blade assembly.11-08-2012
20120282093WIND TURBINE AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL METHOD - A method for controlling the position of blades of a two-bladed wind turbine when extreme conditions are detected or forecast for the wind turbine. When extreme conditions are detected or forecast, the wind turbine blades are positioned in a horizontal arrangement, and actively yawed such that a tip of one of the wind turbine blades points into the wind direction. The blades are yawed such as to actively follow the changing wind direction, resulting in a reduced surface area of the blades exposed to the extreme wind forces, due to the spear-like arrangement of the turbine blades. This reduced surface area provides for a reduction in the extreme loads which may be experienced by the wind turbine in such extreme wind conditions.11-08-2012
20120282092METHOD AND DEVICES FOR COMPACT FORCED VELOCITY TURBINES - Betz's law establishes an efficiency limit of 0.59 for wind turbines. Increasing turbine output power requires making the blades larger thereby increasing the radius of the turbine, which increases power by that factor squared, or by increasing the velocity of the air which increases the power according to that factor cubed. It would be beneficial to provide a wind turbine that overcame some of the disadvantages of prior art horizontal and vertical turbines including but not limited to, installation infrastructure, operation in non-laminar flow environments, operation over a wider range of air velocities, operation in low air velocity that defines many regions of the world and continental United States, and capable of supporting installations over a wide range of instances from discrete residential/commercial installations to large wind farms as well as providing increased output power through increased air velocities generated within the turbines.11-08-2012
20130183151Calibration of Blade Load Sensors - A method of calibrating one or more load sensors of a blade of a wind turbine, said wind turbine comprising a main generator, a power electronic converter connected with the main generator, and a rotor operationally connected with the main generator and carrying the blade. The method comprises acting on the power electronic converter to operate the main generator as motor to set the blade in at least one predetermined condition. The method further comprises measuring loads in the predetermined condition using the load sensors of the blade and calibrating the blade load sensors taking into account the measured loads.07-18-2013
20110280723DE-ICING AND/OR ANTI-ICING OF A WIND TURBINE COMPONENT BY VIBRATING A PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIAL - A system for de-icing and/or for avoiding an icing of a component of a wind turbine is provided. The system includes a vibrator. The vibrator includes a piezoelectric material and which is adapted to be mounted to at least to a portion of the component, and an electric generator, which is adapted to supply an electric signal to the vibrator, wherein the electric signal causes the vibrator to vibrate and to transfer vibrational energy to at least a surface portion of the component. A corresponding method for de-icing and/or for avoiding an icing of a component of a wind turbine is also provided.11-17-2011
20110311359YAW SYSTEM FOR A WINDMILL - The present invention relates to a yaw system 12-22-2011
20110311358Blade Retainment System - A blade retention system for retaining a foot of a turbine blade in a shoe of a turbine disc of a turbine wheel includes: a hook on a heel end of the blade foot that protrudes from a bottom of the blade foot to engage a heel end of the turbine disc shoe; and a compound fillet that engages the hook with the bottom of the blade foot.12-22-2011
20130189097TURBOMACHINE INCLUDING A BLADE TUNING SYSTEM - A turbomachine includes a compressor portion, a turbine portion operatively connected to the compressor portion, a combustor assembly fluidly connected to each of the compressor portion and the turbine portion, a blade element including a base portion, an airfoil portion, and a natural frequency generated during rotation of the blade element. The blade element is rotatably mounted within one of the compressor portion and the turbine portion, and a blade tuning member rotatably mounted in the one of the compressor portion and the turbine portion. The blade tuning member is configured for engagement with the blade element to alter the natural frequency.07-25-2013
20130189098System and Method of Harvesting Power with a Rotor Hub Damper - The system and method of the present application relate to a lead/lag damper for a rotorcraft. The lead/lag damper is configured to harvest power from the lead/lag oscillatory motions of rotor blades with an electromagnetic linear motor/generator. Further, the lead/lag damper is configured to treat the lead/lag motions with the electromagnetic linear motor/generator. The system and method is well suited for use in the field of aircraft, in particular, helicopters and other rotary wing aircraft.07-25-2013
20120020788WIND ENERGY SYSTEM - Wind energy systems comprise a wind accelerator having a support assembly and an outer structure surrounding the support assembly. The wind accelerator has a front region and a rear region. The rear region is substantially wider than the front region, and the outer structure tapers from the rear region to the front region. One or more turbines are mounted on the support assembly at or near the rear region of the wind accelerator or at or near the widest point of the wind accelerator.01-26-2012
20120020787COOLED BLADE FOR A GAS TURBINE - A cooled blade for a gas turbine includes a blade airfoil extending between leading and trailing edges in a flow direction and on suction and pressure sides is delimited by a wall, which include an interior space in which cooling air flows towards the trailing edge in the flow direction and discharges to the outside in the region of the trailing edge. The pressure-side wall terminates at a distance in front of the trailing edge in the flow direction, forming a pressure-side lip, such that the cooling air discharges from the interior space on the pressure side. Multiple ribs subdivides the interior space, parallel to the flow direction, into a plurality of parallel cooling passages which create a high pressure drop and in which turbulators are arranged for increasing cooling. Before the outlet, multiple flow barriers are provided in the cooling air flow path, distributed transversely to the flow direction.01-26-2012
20120020786METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REDUNDANT TURBINE CONTROL - A method and system for redundant turbine control is provided. The method includes classifying first and second turbine control units (TCUs) as a primary and secondary TCUs and receiving, in parallel, monitored data from a wind turbine at both the primary TCU and secondary TCU. The primary TCU periodically calculates state information based on received monitored data and any previously calculated state information, and communicates the state information from the primary TCU to the secondary TCU after each computation cycle. The secondary TCU stores the state information into memory while the primary TCU sends control messages to the wind turbine.01-26-2012
20120027592METHODS FOR CONTROLLING THE AMPLITUDE MODULATION OF NOISE GENERATED BY WIND TURBINES - In one aspect, a method for controlling the amplitude modulation of noise generated by a wind turbine is disclosed. The method may generally include determining an angle of attack of a rotor blade of a wind turbine and maintaining the angle of attack at a substantially constant value during rotation of the rotor blade in order to reduce the amplitude modulation of the noise generated by the wind turbine.02-02-2012
20120027591SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING THE AMPLITUDE MODULATION OF NOISE GENERATED BY WIND TURBINES - In one aspect, a method for controlling the amplitude modulation of the noise generated by wind turbines is generally disclosed. The method may include determining a sound characteristic of a turbine sound wave generated by a wind turbine and generating an additive sound wave based on the sound characteristic such that a resultant sound wave is produced having a peak-to-peak amplitude that is smaller than a peak-to-peak amplitude of the turbine sound wave.02-02-2012
20120027590NOISE REDUCER FOR ROTOR BLADE IN WIND TURBINE - A rotor blade assembly and a method for reducing the noise of a rotor blade for a wind turbine are disclosed. The rotor blade has surfaces defining a pressure side, a suction side, a leading edge, and a trailing edge extending between a tip and a root. The rotor blade assembly further includes a noise reducer configured on a surface of the rotor blade, the noise reducer including a plurality of noise reduction features. Each of the plurality of noise reduction features includes a first surface and a second surface. The first surface includes a first portion mounted to one of the pressure side or the suction side and a second portion configured to interact with wind flowing past the other of the pressure side or the suction side. The second surface interrupts an aerodynamic contour of the one of the pressure side or the suction side.02-02-2012
20120027589METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROL OF ASYMMETRIC LOADING OF A WIND TURBINE - A wind turbine (02-02-2012
20120027588ROOT FLAP FOR ROTOR BLADE IN WIND TURBINE - A rotor blade assembly and a method for reducing the separation region of a rotor blade for a wind turbine are disclosed. The rotor blade assembly includes a rotor blade having exterior surfaces defining a pressure side, a suction side, a leading edge, and a trailing edge extending in a generally span-wise direction between a tip and a root. The rotor blade assembly further includes a flap extending in the generally span-wise direction from the root towards the tip. The flap includes an inner surface and an outer surface, the inner surface conformingly mounted to at least one of the pressure side, the suction side, or the trailing edge, the outer surface and at least one of the pressure side or the suction side defining a generally continuous aerodynamic surface.02-02-2012
20120027587WIND TURBINE TORQUE-SPEED CONTROL - The present subject matter relates to methods and systems for operating a wind turbine that, in some embodiments may include a gearbox. The wind turbine is provided with a blade having an adjustable pitch angle and the tip speed ratio (TSR) of the blade is monitored. In operation, the method and system is configured to increase the pitch angle of the blade concurrently with an increase in TSR to maintain turbine operation within an identified high power coefficient (Cp) operational region for the blade. TSR may be monitored by monitoring one of the velocity of the tip of the blade, wind speed, the rotational speed of the blade, or the rotational speed of a component within the gearbox.02-02-2012
20120027586METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING WIND TURBINE THRUST - A wind turbine and methods for controlling wind turbine thrust are disclosed. In one embodiment, the method includes measuring a tilt angle of a wind turbine in a loaded position using a measuring device. The wind turbine includes a tower, a nacelle mounted on the tower, a rotor coupled to the nacelle, and a plurality of rotor blades coupled to the rotor. The method further includes comparing the tilt angle to a predetermined tilt angle for the wind turbine and, if the tilt angle exceeds the predetermined tilt angle, adjusting a pitch of at least one of the plurality of rotor blades such that the tilt angle is less than or equal to the predetermined tilt angle.02-02-2012
20120027585SYSTEM FOR ACTIVELY MONITORING WEAR ON WIND TURBINE BRAKE PADS AND RELATED METHODS - A system for monitoring wear on a brake pad of a wind turbine is disclosed. The system may include a brake assembly having a brake pad and a moveable component. The brake pad may be configured to engage a friction surface of the wind turbine. The movable component may be configured to move relative to the friction surface as the brake pad wears. Additionally, the system may include a sensor at least partially mounted within the brake assembly. The sensor may be configured to detect a position of the movable component relative to the sensor or a position of the friction surface relative to the sensor.02-02-2012
20130195650Gas Turbine Pattern Swirl Film Cooling - A turbine airfoil includes a blade having a leading and trailing edges and an internal cooling circuit, and a plurality of film holes extending between the internal cooling circuit and an exterior of the blade. The plurality of film holes are shaped to generate a swirling flow exiting the film holes adjacent the leading edge to thereby enhance local convection and provide an insulating barrier to gaspath flow.08-01-2013
20130195651VARIABLE VANE DAMPING ASSEMBLY - A variable vane damping assembly includes an inner bushing and an outer bushing. The inner bushing comprises an elastomeric material.08-01-2013
20130195652Modal Tuning for Vanes - A vane having a cambered airfoil body is frequency-tuned via a number of cavities formed in a surface of the vane. At least some of the cavities are filled with a nonmetallic filler material, and the remainder of the cavities are left unfilled. A cover is affixed to the vane so as to cover at least the unfilled cavities. In an embodiment, the filling and covering of cavities is performed in a manner that excludes the frequency modes of the guide vane from a precluded band, e.g., an engine excitation band.08-01-2013
20130195654Device and Method for Reducing Loads - A device for reducing loads in a drive train of a wind turbine includes a machine support. The wind turbine includes a sensor means, a controllable damper means, an actuating means. The sensor means is configured to detect at least one variable characterizing vibrations and/or misalignments in the drive train. The controllable damper means is configured to produce at least one adjusting torque which compensates at least one torque associated with the load in the drive train. The actuating means is configured to actuate the damping means based on the at least one variable detected by the sensor means.08-01-2013
20130195653WIND TURBINE AND VIBRATION DAMPING METHOD THEREOF - There are provided a TMD adjusted to damp vibration in a natural frequency of a wind turbine, an AVC adjusted to damp vibration in a variable frequency of turbulent wind flowing into the wind turbine and/or a frequency of a rotation speed of a wind-turbine blade, and a pitch-angle control portion provided with a correction portion which adjusts a damping frequency of the AVC. The AVC is configured to obtain the damping force by changing the pitch angle of the wind-turbine blade.08-01-2013
20130195655BLADE TIP TO SHROUD CLEARANCE FOR SHROUDED FLUID TURBINES - Shrouded fluid turbines having features for setting, adjusting or controlling a blade tip-shroud clearance are described. Also described are methods for setting, adjusting or controlling a blade tip-shroud clearance in a shrouded fluid turbine.08-01-2013
20130195656Wind turbine, transport system and methods of operating, maintenance and construction of a wind turbine - Disclosed is a wind turbine with a nacelle and a rotor. The rotor includes a number of blades and a hub, the nacelle and the hub being connected with each other in an interface region so that a drive train extends from the hub into the nacelle. The wind turbine further includes a transport system for transporting hydraulic and/or pneumatic fluid from the nacelle into the hub. The transport system includes a rotary unit as a connection through which the fluid passes a part of which rotary unit rotates in operation together with the hub which rotary unit is positioned in the interface region. Further disclosed is a transport system and methods of operating, maintenance and construction of such wind turbine.08-01-2013
20130195657WIND TURBINE SYSTEM FOR DETECTION OF BLADE ICING - The invention relates to a method for detecting icing and other loadings on blades of wind turbines. Advantageously, the method utilizes existing wind turbine actuators, for example pitch actuators, far excitation of blade vibrations. Vibration sensors on the blade such as strain sensors or accelerometers measure the blade vibrations excited in response to the actively excised vibrations. By comparing the measured response with previously obtained reference responses, it is possible to determine if blade icing is present.08-01-2013
20130202434Methods and Apparatuses for Non-Model Based Control for Counter-Rotating Open-Rotor Gas Turbine Engine - A simple, robust and systematic control solution for open rotor control with a differential gearbox is disclosed. When the two counter rotating rotors of a CROR engine are conditioned by the differential gearbox, the two rotors speeds are coupled for given input torque. The solution provided by the current disclosure mathematically decouples these two rotors by transforming the original individual actuator input and speed output into differential & average input and output. Because the newly formed control system representation of the plant has decoupled input/output mapping, it follows that the simple SISO control can be applied. Furthermore, the current control solutions allow a simple and well-coordinated speed phase synchronizing among the four rotors on a two-engine vehicle.08-08-2013
20120076651Method of and device for determining a mass condition of a rotor of a wind turbine, and method of operating a wind turbine - A method of determining a mass condition of a rotor of a wind turbine is disclosed. The method includes initiating a change of a quantity value of a quantity acting on the rotor, measuring a change of another quantity value of another quantity representative of a momentum of the rotor during a time interval, and determining the mass condition of the rotor based on the determined change of the another quantity value in relation with the initiated change of the quantity value.03-29-2012
20120093645SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PITCHING A ROTOR BLADE IN A WIND TURBINE - A system and method for pitching a rotor blade in a wind turbine are disclosed. The method includes collecting in an individual pitch controller for the rotor blade a pitch offset angle relative to a collective pitch angle. The method further includes determining a synchronized pitch offset angle. The method further includes, after an emergency condition occurs, pitching the rotor blade towards the synchronized pitch offset angle.04-19-2012
20120093644System and Method for Generating Energy from a Streaming Fluid - A system for generating energy from a streaming fluid having a mean streaming direction, comprising a generator and an assembly arranged to be entrained in the streaming fluid and which is moveably connected to a fixed point upstream of the assembly, wherein a generator is arranged to generate energy from movement of the assembly, parallel to and in the same direction as the mean streaming direction, against the fixed point, wherein the assembly comprises at least two interconnected blades, their surfaces extending substantially perpendicular across the mean streaming direction, wherein each of the blades has a conical cross section and a second blade extends at a distance downstream and staggered in a direction perpendicular to the mean streaming direction with respect to a first blade.04-19-2012
20130209254Method and Device for Preventing a Lateral Oscillation of a Wind Power Installation - A method for preventing a lateral oscillation of a tower of a wind power installation having at least two rotor blades with adjustable attitude angles includes determining a manipulated variable for setting the attitude angles on the basis of information about a pitch torque and a yaw torque of the head of the tower. In this context, a counteracting torque is generated which counteracts the pitch torque and the yaw torque without exciting a lateral oscillation of the tower if the attitude angles are set on the basis of the manipulated variable.08-15-2013
20130209253TURBINE ASSEMBLY - According to one aspect of the invention, a turbine assembly includes an airfoil extending from a blade and a dovetail located on a lower portion of the blade, wherein the dovetail has a dovetail contact surface. The turbine assembly also includes a member with a slot configured to couple to the airfoil via the dovetail, the slot having a slot contact surface to contact the dovetail contact surface, wherein the dovetail contact surface is reduced by a relief to alter a fundamental frequency of an assembly of the blade and member.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class METHOD OF OPERATION