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Quantization

Subclass of:

382 - Image analysis

382232000 - IMAGE COMPRESSION OR CODING

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
382251000 Quantization 89
20110182524IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD - The present invention enables a circuit configuration to be simplified. An image encoding device (07-28-2011
20080260278Encoding adjustments for animation content - Techniques and tools are described for encoding animation video. In some embodiments, a video encoder designates animation video for encoding as animation content, which typically involves changing one or more encoder settings or rules to improve encoding performance for the animation content. When the encoder encodes the animation video, the encoder detects edges in the animation video using texture and changes settings for areas that include detected edges so as to improve encoding quality for the areas. In some embodiments, a video encoder adjusts differential quantization rules and quantizes animation video according to the adjusted differential quantization rules.10-23-2008
20080260277SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACCURATE PARALLEL QUANTIZATION WITH TWO MULTIPLICATION OPERATIONS - A method, system and computer program product that involves receiving and initializing a digital image. Quantization is preformed on the digital image using at least two multiplication operations. Finally, a compressed version of the digital image is presented for viewing and/or storage or transport.10-23-2008
20090141996Comparator based acceleration for media quantization - A method for comparator based quantization acceleration for an encoding process. The method includes computing coefficients for a discrete cosine transform encoding operation and determining a quantization step for use with a quantization operation for each of the coefficients. The method further includes determining each of the coefficients that are less than or equal to one half the quantization step by using a comparator configured in accordance with the quantization step. For the coefficients that are less than or equal to one half the quantization step, a quantized output value is transmitted to the encoding process. For the coefficients that are greater than one half the quantization step, the quantized output value is determined by executing multiplication logic to compute the quantized output value and transmit the computed quantized output value to the encoding process.06-04-2009
20090190850Data compression transforms for use in downhole applications - Borehole image data is compressed and transmitted to the surface one or more pixilated traces at a time. The compression methodology typically includes transform, quantization, and entropy encoding steps. The invention advantageously provides an efficient fixed point Karhünen-Loève like transform for compressing sensor data. A significant reduction in latency is achieved as compared to the prior art.07-30-2009
20100119170IMAGE COMPRESSION BY COMPARISON TO LARGE DATABASE - A method of reducing storage capacity needed to store a target image in a large database of images is presented. A target image is uploaded from a client system to a server system, which are connected through an Internet connection. An image index is queried to find an approximate match to the target image and to identify a most similar reference image to a processed target image stored in an image database. The difference between the target image and a raw image corresponding to the identified most similar reference image is encoded. A pointers corresponding to the processed reference image stored in the image index is updated to reflect the newly stored target image in the image index.05-13-2010
20100104206IMAGE COMPRESSION APPARATUS - An image compression apparatus performs quantization of DC component data, low-pass component data and high-pass component data which are generated by frequency conversion of still image data. An extracting part extracts additional data and coding object data which is to be entropy coded, from quantization data. An entropy coding part performs entropy coding of the coding object data stored in a coding object data memory. An additional data processing part generates a flex bit from the additional data. A pattern information generation part acquires the coding object data directly from the extracting part, to generate pattern information indicating whether the coding object data is zero or not. A bit stream generation part outputs the pattern information, the coding object data and the flex bit in a predetermined order, to output a bit stream.04-29-2010
20100104205Quantization differencing compression algorithm - The compression algorithm presented here is intended for the types of digital images acquired by solar system exploring spacecraft and missions, but can be utilized for all types of sequential data. It is lossy, but results in images whose Peak Signal to Noise Ratio remains in excess of 30 decibels, considered to be the threshold of being indistinguishable from the original image.04-29-2010
20130071039IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD - An image processing apparatus and a method capable of performing a quantization process or an inverse quantization process more suitable for contents of an image. A lossless decoding unit decodes coded data read from an accumulation buffer at a predetermined timing. A sub macroblock inverse quantization unit obtains a quantization value for each sub macroblock by using a quantization parameter supplied from an inverse quantization unit and returns the same to the inverse quantization unit. The inverse quantization unit inversely quantizes a quantization coefficient obtained by decoding by the lossless decoding unit by using the quantization value for each sub macroblock supplied from the sub macroblock inverse quantization unit.03-21-2013
20090092331COMPRESSION METHOD, EXTENSION METHOD AND IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS - In a compression method of quantizing and compressing image data of an image, the method comprises the steps of: determining a method of quantization for each pixel; quantizing the image data in pixel unit according to the determined quantization method; storing the quantized image data in a same region of a memory in spite of the quantization method; and storing discrimination data for discriminating the quantization method used for quantizing the image data by corresponding to the quantized image data in the memory.04-09-2009
20090092330METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CORRECTING QUANTIZED COEFFICIENTS IN DECODER - Provided are a method and apparatus for correcting quantized coefficients. In the method, statistical values of coefficients and quantized coefficients are extracted from a received video data stream, coefficient correction values for each pixel position in blocks are determined by using the statistical distribution of the coefficients depending on the statistical values, and then the coefficients are corrected by respectively adding the coefficient correction values to corresponding coefficients of respective pixel positions.04-09-2009
20130058586OPTIMIZATION OF IMAGE ENCODING USING PERCEPTUAL WEIGHTING - A method, system and computer program product for optimal encoding for an image defined by image data. The quantization table, run-length coding and Huffman codebook are selected to minimize a Lagrangian cost function, wherein the minimization includes iteratively determining the optimal run-size pairs and in-category indices for minimizing a rate-distortion cost function, and wherein the rate-distortion cost function includes a perceptual weighting factor applied to a quantization error. The perceptual weighting factor adjusts the rate-distortion cost function to apply greater weight to lower frequency quantization error than to higher frequency quantization error.03-07-2013
20110038557Method for Sending Compressed Data Representing a Digital Image and Corresponding Device - A method for sending compressed data representing at least part of a digital image includes the following steps: 02-17-2011
20130163894VARIABLE LENGTH CODING SYSTEM - Systems, methods, and processor executable code for high quality wide-range multi-layer image compression of a sequence of video images. A non-transient electronic storage media stores the processor executable code configured and is capable of causing one or more processors to compress a sequence of digitized video images. The method includes generating a hierarchy of processed images from a digitized video image, determining a plurality of regions within each processed image, each region being selected based on lossless coding efficiency; and applying a lossless variable-length coding independently to each such region.06-27-2013
20090304298HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE TEXTURE COMPRESSION - A method for compressing a high dynamic range (HDR) texture. A first block of texels of the HDR texture in a red-green-blue (RGB) space may be transformed to a second block of texels in a luminance-chrominance space. The first block may have red values, green values and blue values. The second block may have luminance values and chrominance values. The chrominance values may be based on a sum of the red values, a sum of the green values and a sum of the blue values. The luminance values and the chrominance values may be converted to an 8-bit integer format. The luminance values may be modified to restore a local linearity property to the second block. The second block may be compressed.12-10-2009
20080298702Fixed rate JPEG encoding - Systems and methods are disclosed for fixed rate JPEG encoding of a digital image. According to an implementation, the method includes estimation of image characteristics (e.g. frequency domain parameters—DCT coefficients, etc.) of a plurality of frequency components constituting the digital image. Subsequently, bits are allocated to each of the frequency components based on the estimated characteristics. Quantization value for each of the frequency component is computed based on the allocated bits and the estimated image characteristics.12-04-2008
20110280492IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD - An image processing apparatus includes: an intermediate code generating unit that, when a data string that matches an input data string of image data is found from data string of the image data input in the past, outputs a length and a position of the found data string and, when a data string that matches with the input data string is not found, outputs the input data string as escape data; and an encoding unit that performs encoding with the length of the found data string, the position of the found data string, and the escape data. When a plurality of the escape data are successively output from the intermediate code generating unit, the encoding unit encodes the plurality of escape data collectively by adding, to the plurality of the escape data, information representing a count value obtained by counting a number of the plurality of the escape data.11-17-2011
20130163893IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD - An image processing device includes: a significant digit number encoding unit designating a set of a predetermined number of coefficient data items generated from image data. The maximum number of significant digits of coefficient data for each set every cycle is obtained, and information regarding the maximum number is encoded. A zero run encoding unit encodes zero runs formed by sets that include only coefficient data whose value is 0 at a cycle that differs from the cycle of encoding the significant digit number. The absolute value for the maximum number of significant digits other than the zero runs is extracted and encoded. The positive or negative sign of each coefficient data item whose absolute value is not 0 in a set at a cycle that differs from a cycle in relation to coefficient data other than the zero runs is encoded.06-27-2013
20100074546IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, AND MEDIUM STORING IMAGE PROCESSING PROGRAM - A reflectance image that represents a reflectance distribution, and an illuminance component image that represents an illuminance distribution are generated from an input image. A plurality of small regions, which are divided based on illuminance components of the generated illuminance component image, are specified. A quantized image is generated from the reflectance image for respective specified small regions. Regions having equal quantized pixel values are acquired in the quantized image. Representative pixel values for the respective acquired regions are acquired based on the illuminance component image. Quantized pixel values of the respective acquired regions are corrected using the acquired representative pixel values.03-25-2010
20090148059Image processing apparatus, image display apparatus, image forming apparatus, image processing method and storage medium - With the use of a vector quantization technique, an index image, which is obtained by replacing an image on a block-by-block basis, each block consisting of a predetermined number of pixels, with any of a plurality of different pixel patterns and representing the pixel patterns by index values of the respective pixel patterns, is decoded by referring to a code book containing the pixel patterns and the index values of the pixel patterns in association with each other. When decoding an index image on the block-by-block basis into pixel patterns corresponding to the index values, the pixel pattern of each block is scaled, and additionally pixels near a contour in the pixel pattern after scaling are redrawn based on contour vector information corresponding to the pixel pattern.06-11-2009
20090148058REFERENCE SELECTION FOR VIDEO INTERPOLATION OR EXTRAPOLATION - This disclosure describes selection of reference video units to be used for interpolation or extrapolation of a video unit, such as a video frame. A decoder may apply a quality-focused mode to select a reference frame based on quality criteria. The quality criteria may indicate a level of quality likely to be produced by a reference frame. If no reference frames satisfy the quality criteria, interpolation or extrapolation may be disabled. Display of an interpolated or extrapolated frame may be selectively enabled based on a quality analysis. A decoder may apply a resource-focused frame interpolation mode to enable or disable frame interpolation or extrapolation for some frames based on power and quality considerations. In one mode, frame interpolation may be disabled to conserve power when reference frames are not likely to produce satisfactory quality. In another mode, the threshold may be adjustable as a function of power saving requirements.06-11-2009
20090245674IMAGE PROCESSOR - An image processor includes a quantization unit receiving first data before quantization and outputting second data after quantization, a prediction unit obtaining a difference value between the second data and third data being prediction data and outputting the difference value as fourth data, and an encoding unit encoding the fourth data. The quantization unit includes a first processing unit dividing the first data by a quantization coefficient, so as to obtain fifth data including a fraction as a result of division and a second processing unit rounding up or rounding off the fraction such that a value of the fourth data becomes smaller based on comparison between the third data and the fifth data, so as to obtain the second data.10-01-2009
20090263036ENCODING DEVICE AND ENCODING METHOD - An encoding device 10-22-2009
20110200266IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD - The present invention can realize an image processing device and an image processing method that enable a simplified circuit configuration. An image encoding device (08-18-2011
20090169125Method for Locally Adjusting a Quantization Step and Coding Device Implementing Said Method - The invention relates to a method of locally adjusting a quantization step for each region of an image in a sequence of n images. The method comprises the following steps: 07-02-2009
20080273810VIDEO CODING MODE SELECTION USING ESTIMATED CODING COSTS - This disclosure describes techniques for coding mode selection using estimated coding costs. To provide high compression efficiency, for example, an encoding device may attempt to select a coding mode for coding blocks of pixels that codes the data of the blocks with high efficiency. To this end, the encoding device may perform coding mode selection based on estimates of coding cost for at least a portion of the possible modes. In accordance with the techniques described herein, the encoding device estimates the coding cost for the different modes without actually coding the blocks. In fact, in some aspects, the encoding module device may estimate the coding cost for the modes without quantizing the data of the block for each mode. In this manner, the coding cost estimation techniques of this disclosure reduce the amount of computationally intensive calculations needed to perform effective mode selection.11-06-2008
20080285875IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, METHOD THEREOF, AND PROGRAM - An image processing apparatus that divides an input image signal into blocks, inversely quantizes image-compressed information, and decodes the image-compressed information by performing an inverse orthogonal transformation. The image processing apparatus includes a first inverse orthogonal transformer capable of performing inverse orthogonal transform processing on inversely quantized coefficient data and capable of performing processing other than the inverse orthogonal transform processing, a second inverse orthogonal transformer capable of performing the inverse orthogonal transform processing on the inversely quantized coefficient data, a decoder decoding quantized and coded transform coefficients, an inverse-quantizer inversely quantizing decoded transform coefficients decoded by the decoder, and indicating distribution information of significant coefficient data as flag information for each block for inverse quantization processing during the inverse quantization, and a selector selectively outputting coefficient data inversely quantized by the inverse quantizer to the first inverse orthogonal transformer or the second inverse orthogonal transformer.11-20-2008
20100002946METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMPRESSING FOR DATA RELATING TO AN IMAGE OR VIDEO FRAME - A method and an apparatus for compressing image data. The method includes dividing a line of an image into equal length fragments to form a coding unit, transforming and performing entropy coding to the coding unit, and compressing the image data based on the transformed entropy coded coding unit.01-07-2010
20130011076Method and Apparatus for Finding Data Quantisation Error - An example embodiment provides a method, comprising: storing pre-calculated quantisation error data relating to a data quantisation process; receiving data to be quantised; quantising the data to reduce the number of significant bits thereof; and determining a quantisation error for the quantised data from the pre-calculated quantisation error data.01-10-2013
20090067737CODING APPARATUS, CODING METHOD, DECODING APPARATUS, DECODING METHOD, AND PROGRAM - A coding apparatus includes a blocking unit configured to divide an image into blocks, a reference value acquiring unit configured to acquire two reference values not smaller and not greater than a pixel value of a focused pixel, a reference value difference calculation unit configured to calculate a reference value difference, a pixel value difference calculation unit configured to calculate a pixel value difference between the value of the focused pixel and the reference value, a quantization unit configured to quantize the pixel value difference based on the reference value difference, an operation parameter calculation unit configured to determine an operation parameter that is used in a predetermined operation and minimizes a difference between the pixel value of the focused pixel and the reference value, and an output unit configured to output a quantization result and the operation parameter as a coded result of an image.03-12-2009
20090067738IMAGE CODING APPARATUS AND IMAGE CODING METHOD - An image coding apparatus for coding image data. The image coding apparatus includes: a first coding mechanism predicting a quantization parameter and a quantization matrix to be used for calculating a target amount of code for the image data by coding the image data; a second coding mechanism correcting the quantization parameter predicted by the first coding means from an error between an amount of generated code produced by coding using the quantization parameter and the quantization matrix predicted by the first coding mechanism and the target amount of code; and a third coding mechanism coding the image data using the quantization parameter corrected by the second coding mechanism.03-12-2009
20100220938IMAGE SIGNAL PROCESSING DEVICE - An image signal processing device 09-02-2010
20100098346Out-of-Order Coding - A block encoder is operable to encode a target region of an image. The encoder encodes blocks from a target region of an image. The encoded blocks are stored in a scan order of the image. The encoded blocks are reordered into a scan order for the target region, and are output as an encoded image bit stream.04-22-2010
20090074315METHOD OF IMAGE COMPRESSION AND DEVICE THEREOF - A method of image compression and a device thereof are provided herein. First, an image having a plurality of regions is received. Next, a quantization process is performed on a specific region of the image according to a quantization value, wherein the specific region is one of the regions. Next, a first average bit rate of the specific region of the image after an encoding process is calculated. Furthermore, the quantization value of the corresponding specific region of the next received image is adjusted according to the first average bit rate of the specific region of the image. Therefore, by referring to the scene complexity of the previous image to adjust the quantization value, the compressed image quality can be enhanced and the compression ratio can be maintained a regular value without wasting bandwidth.03-19-2009
20110123128BIT RATE CONTROL CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR IMAGE COMPRESSION - A bit rate control circuit for image compression includes a compression unit, a R-value calculation unit, a linear quantization factor (LQF) calculation unit. The compression unit is used to performs a first quantization process on an image based on a default LQF (LQF05-26-2011
20100310188ENCODING METHODS AND APPARATUS INCLUDING BUFFER RATE CONTROL - Methods and apparatus for performing image encoding and rate control as part of the image encoding process, e.g., a JPEG-2000 compliant image encoding process, are described. As part of the image encoding processes, rate control operations are performed based on rate statistic information at a point where encoded image data in selected for storage in a buffer and based on updated statistic information at a point where encoded image data is selected to be output from the buffer. The statistic information including overhead information used for rate control is also updated after formatting of data to be included in the output set of encoded image data to reflect overhead, e.g., header overhead, associated with formatting the data for storage. Encoding and rate control is applied on an ongoing basis, e.g., as portions of an image are processed, so that buffer size does not grow proportionally with the image size.12-09-2010
20110170794IMAGE CODING DEVICE, DIGITAL STILL CAMERA, DIGITAL CAMCORDER, IMAGING DEVICE, AND IMAGE CODING METHOD - Coding processing performed by an image coding device (07-14-2011
20110019931IMAGE RECORDING DEVICE, IMAGE RECORDING METHOD AND PROGRAM - There is provided an image recording device, including: a highly-gradating unit for highly-gradating an input image having a first gradation depth, thereby generating a high gradation image having a second gradation depth higher than the first gradation depth; an image quantizing unit for quantizing the high gradation image generated by the highly-gradating unit such that a quantization error is modulated into a band with relatively low sensitivity of human visual characteristics, thereby generating a recording target image having a third gradation depth lower than the second gradation depth; an encoding unit for encoding the recording target image generated by the quantizing unit; and a recording unit for recording the recording target image encoded by the encoding unit in a recording medium.01-27-2011
20090016631Video Coding Rate Control - The video encoding rate control with the quantization parameter modulated by macroblock activity with macroblock activity measured using 16×16 intra-prediction mode SAD evaluations.01-15-2009
20090028454Image processing apparatus and computer readable medium storing program - An image processing apparatus includes a criteria setter that sets selection criteria for selecting quantization intensities on the basis of feature indices of an inputted image; an intensity selector that selects, on the basis of the selection criteria set by the criteria setter, one of plural quantization intensities for each partial image area of the inputted image; and a quantizer that quantizes image information on each partial image area with the quantization intensity selected by the intensity selector.01-29-2009
20090110318INFORMATION ENCODING APPARATUS AND METHOD, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL APPARATUS AND METHOD, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL SYSTEM AND METHOD, AND PROGRAM - An information retrieval apparatus includes an obtaining unit configured to obtain dynamic ranges or re-quantization codes of a target object to be retrieved and dynamic ranges or re-quantization codes of each of comparison objects to be compared with the target object, the dynamic ranges or re-quantization codes of the target object and the dynamic ranges or re-quantization codes of the comparison objects being obtained as a result of adaptive dynamic range coding; a distance computation unit configured to compute distances between the target object and the comparison objects using the obtained dynamic ranges or re-quantization codes of the target object and the obtained dynamic ranges or re-quantization codes of the comparison objects; and a comparison unit configured to compare the distances between the target object and the comparison objects to select one of the comparison objects having a minimum distance.04-30-2009
20110116725DATA COMPRESSION METHOD AND DATA COMPRESSION SYSTEM - A data compression system and a data compression method using the same are provided. The data compression method includes acquiring original data from a memory and performs image processing and quantization on the original data to transform the original data into a quantization matrix. The data compression method then transforms the quantization matrix into a digital sequence based on a coding table and compares the data volume of the digital sequence and a target volume to generate a volume difference. The data compression method transforms the digital sequence into an inverse quantization matrix based on the volume difference and then transforms the inverse quantization matrix into a modified digital sequence based on the volume difference. The data compression method repeats the processes until the data volume of the digital sequence is substantially equal to a target volume or within an acceptable range of the target volume.05-19-2011
20100183233IMAGE DATA COMPRESSION DEVICE, ENCODER, ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT AND METHOD OF COMPRESSING IMAGE DATA - An image data compression device includes a quantization part quantizing image data with a quantization step that varies based on a quantization parameter, a FIFO buffer part buffering quantized data of a plurality of frames, a coded data formation part reading out the quantized data from the FIFO buffer part asynchronously with a writing to the FIFO buffer part and generating coded data by encoding the quantized data, a rate control part controlling a data size of the coded data by changing the quantization step and a frame skip part skipping a generation process of the image data. The rate control part calculates the quantization parameter by using a predicted data size of the coded data of a previous frame which is calculated from a data size of the quantized data of the previous frame. The frame skip part performs the skip process if a frame, in which the quantization parameter becomes larger than a skip threshold, appears consecutively in a number of times which is equal or more than the number of a skip succession threshold.07-22-2010
20110052090IMAGE TRANSMISSION APPARATUS, METHOD, RECORDING MEDIUM, IMAGE OUTPUT APPARATUS AND IMAGE TRANSMISSION SYSTEM - A server device compares an image before changing with an image after changing and specifies a difference image that is an image part different between the two images. The server device determines patterns of boxes (rectangles) enclosing the difference image. In image transmission from the server device, the box becomes a macro block being a unit of image compression. The server device specifies from among the patterns of the enclosing box group, an optimal box group that is a pattern of the enclosing box group requiring the shortest response time. The server device sets each of the boxes that make up the specified optimal box group as a unit of macro block, and performs compression coding of the difference image in the set units. The server device transmits partial image information including the compression-coded difference image and the coordinates of the difference image to the client device.03-03-2011
20110097006SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMAGING - An imaging device, is provided, comprising: a plurality of compression circuits configured to receive K initial imaging signals and to generate second through K04-28-2011
20120002895BITMAP COMPRESSION FOR FAST SEARCHES AND UPDATES - Bitmap compression for fast searches and updates is provided. Compressing a bitmap includes receiving a bitmap to compress, and reading the bitmap to determine a value of a bit location for all bits in the bitmap. In one embodiment, a compressed bitmap is created by encoding a variable number of bytes to represent a distance between adjacent 1s in the uncompressed bitmap. In another embodiment, a compressed bitmap is created by representing a distance between adjacent 1s in the uncompressed bitmap using a plurality of bits, and encoding a marker word to indicate the number of bits used to represent the distance.01-05-2012
20120014615METHOD, SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR OPTIMIZATION OF DATA COMPRESSION - A sequence of n coefficients is compressed by determining a cost-determined sequence of n coefficient indices represented by a cost-determined sequence of (run, index derivative) pairs under a given quantization table and run-index derivative coding distribution, wherein each sequence of (run, index derivative) pairs defines a corresponding sequence of coefficient indices such that (i) each index in the corresponding sequence of coefficient indices is a digital number, (ii) the corresponding sequence of coefficient indices includes a plurality of values including a special value, and (iii) each (run, index derivative) pair defines a run value representing a number of consecutive indices of the special value, and an index-based value derived from a value of the index following the number of consecutive indices of the special value. This involves (a) using the given quantization table and run-index derivative coding distribution to formulate a cost function for a plurality of possible sequences of (run, index derivative) pairs; (b) applying the cost function to each possible sequence in the plurality of possible sequences of (run, index derivative) pairs to determine an associated cost; and, (c) selecting the cost-determined sequence of (run, index derivative) pairs from the plurality of possible sequences of (run, index derivative) pairs based on the associated cost of each of the plurality of possible sequences of (run, index derivative) pairs; and encoding the corresponding selected cost-determined sequence of (run, index derivative) pairs using entropy coding based on a run-index derivative coding distribution.01-19-2012
20110103705IMAGE ENCODING METHOD AND APPARATUS, AND IMAGE DECODING METHOD AND APPARATUS - An image encoding method and an image decoding method, the image encoding method including: degrading a quality of a first image which is obtained through a sensor of an imaging device to generate a second image having a target resolution; generating additional information which represents a transform relationship between the first and second images; and transmitting the additional information and the second image.05-05-2011
20110182525IMAGE SEARCHING DEVICE AND METHOD, PROGRAM AND PROGRAM RECORDING MEDIUM - An encoded code stream is searched for a frame generally coincident with a specific frame without having to decoding the frame to its original image. The present invention provides an image search device that searches an object encoded code stream formed by compression coding of a plurality of frames for a frame generally coincident with a specific one, which includes a decoder for making entropy decoding of the object encoded code stream to generate quantization coefficients of each frame, a matching unit for making matching between the quantization coefficients of the specific frame and those of each frame which are generated by the decoder and correspond in sample position to those of the specific frame, and a judging unit for judging, based on the result of matching, whether the frame is generally coincident with the specific one.07-28-2011
20120257839CONTEXT ADAPTIVE HYBRID VARIABLE LENGTH CODING - A coding method for an ordered series of quantized transform coefficients of a block of image data, including a context adaptive position coding process to encode the position of clusters of non-zero-valued coefficients, e.g., a multidimensional position coder that uses one of a plurality of code mappings selected according to at least one criterion including at least one context-based criterion, and an amplitude encoding process to encode any amplitudes remaining to be coded, the amplitude coding using one or a plurality of amplitude code mappings selected according to at least one criterion, including a context-based criterion. A context-based selection criterion means a criterion that during encoding is known or derivable from one or more previously encoded items of information. Also a coding apparatus, a decoding apparatus, a computer readable medium configured with instructions that when executed implement a coding method, and another medium for a decoding method.10-11-2012
20080298703Hiding Codes in Input Data - The present invention relates to hiding codes in input data such as still imagery and motion pictures. One claim recites: embedding an N-bit code with a source signal, N being at least one. The embedding proceeds, for each bit of the N-bit code, according to the following: mapping the bit to a portion of the source signal; changing values of at least two data values associated with the portion in accordance with the bit. The act of changing embeds the N-bit code in a manner that is generally imperceptible to a human observer of the source signal. A related claim recites that the portion includes a data value, and the above method further includes changing the value of the data value in accordance with said bit of the code, an amount of the changing being adjusted based on the value. Of course, other claims and combinations are provided as well.12-04-2008
20080199094Method of Redundant Picture Coding Using Polyphase Downsampling and the Codes Using the Method - Provided are a method for redundant slice coding by polyphase down-sampling (PD) and a codec using the method. An encoder for redundant slice coding by PD includes a PD coding unit rearranging a residual block that is a difference between a current block and a prediction block into four sections by performing PD on the residual block, a quantization transform unit transforming and quantizing at least one of the sections of the residual block, and a reference block generation unit generating a reference block based on a value obtained by performing inverse transform and inverse quantization, and then inverse PD on the at least one transformed and quantized section by the quantization transform unit.08-21-2008
20080199093APPRATUS AND METHOD FOR REVERSIBLE DATA HIDING FOR JPEG IMAGES - Embodiments of the invention are directed toward reversible/invertible and lossless, image data hiding that can imperceptibly hide data into digital images and can reconstruct the original image without any distortion after the hidden data have been extracted in various digital image formats including, but not limited to Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG). In particular, embodiments of the invention provide a lossless data hiding technique for JPEG images based on histogram pairs. that embeds data into the JPEG quantized 8×8 block DCT coefficients and achieves good performance in terms of peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) versus payload through manipulating histogram pairs with optimum threshold and optimum region of the JPEG DCT coefficients. Furthermore, the invented technology is expected to be able to apply to the I-frame of Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG) video for various applications including annotation, authentication, and forensics.08-21-2008
20120134601Image compression device, image compression method, and image compression program - A high-frequency integrator acquires a first integrated value by integrating a high-frequency component of first image data. A corrector handles second image data, which is obtained when an image processor subjects the first image data to an image process affecting frequency characteristics, and acquires a second integrated value by correcting the first integrated value acquired by the high-frequency integrator in accordance with a change in the frequency characteristics that is brought about by the image process. An encoder calculates, in accordance with the second integrated value acquired by the corrector, a quantization scale for compressing the second image data acquired by the image processor to a predefined number of bytes at once, and compresses the second image data accordingly.05-31-2012
20110317933Image Coding Method for Facilitating Run Length Coding and Image Encoding Device Thereof - An image coding method for run-length coding (RLC), including quantizing a coefficient string representing a plurality of pixel values to generate a first quantization coefficient string, determining a cutoff quantization coefficient in the first quantization coefficient string, discarding a part of quantization coefficients of the first quantization coefficient string according to the cutoff quantization coefficient, and forming remaining quantization coefficients of the first quantization coefficient string as a second quantization coefficient string, and performing image coding to the second quantization coefficient string with the RLC.12-29-2011
20130202219IMAGE COMPRESSION DEVICE, IMAGE EXPANSION DEVICE, AND IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS - An image compression device which compresses image data, including: a first quantization unit which performs a quantization mode 08-08-2013
20130259396Image Processing Apparatus and Image Processing Method for Compressing Image Data by Combining Spatial Frequency Conversion, Quantization, and Entropy Coding - An image processing apparatus is configured for compressing image data by combining spatial frequency conversion, quantization, and entropy coding. The apparatus includes a block division section, a spatial frequency conversion section, a quantization section, an encoding section, and a selection section. The encoding section generates code data by performing the entropy coding for each of a plurality of change candidate values. The values include a value of quantized data in a pixel block after performing the spatial frequency conversion and peripheral values within a predetermined range. The selection section selects a change value of the quantized data from the plurality of change candidate values based on a size of the code data of each of the plurality of change candidate values, and sets the code data corresponding to the selected change value as the code data.10-03-2013
20100128999IMAGE COMPRESSION APPARATUS - A symbol generation part serially inputs a data string of quantization data. If quantization data of non-zero coefficient is inputted, respective information on an absolute value, a zero run and a sign of the non-zero coefficient are stored in registers. When quantization data of the next non-zero coefficient is inputted, the respective information on the absolute value, the zero run and the sign stored in the registers are updated. At that time, the contents of the registers which have been stored immediately before the input are outputted as symbol data of the immediately preceding non-zero coefficient.05-27-2010
20130266237WAVELET COEFFICIENT QUANTIZATION METHOD USING HUMAN VISUAL MODEL IN IMAGE COMPRESSION - A wavelet coefficient quantization method using a human visual model in an image compression process is provided, which is particularly suitable for remote sensing image compression. A wavelet-domain visual quantization model is obtained through experiments based on human visual characteristics, so as to reflect the relation between distortion of wavelet coefficient blocks and human visual characteristics. The model includes a luminance component, a masking component and a frequency component, where the luminance component is calculated by low frequency coefficients after the k10-10-2013
20130028534IMAGE PROCESSOR - An image processor that achieves reduction in delay amount, in comparison with code amount control GOP by GOP or frame by frame, is obtained. The controller includes a first processing unit that obtains a generated amount of code used for a first predetermined number of immediately preceding macroblocks, a second processing unit that obtains an allowable amount of code available for a third predetermined number of immediately subsequent macroblocks including a currently target macroblock, based on a target amount of code for not more than a second predetermined number of macroblocks less than a total number of macroblocks included in one frame, and the generated amount of code obtained by the first processing unit, a third processing unit that obtains an expected amount of code expected to be used for the third predetermined number of macroblocks, and a fourth processing unit that sets a quantization parameter of a currently target macroblock, based on the allowable amount of code obtained by the second processing unit and the expected amount of code obtained by the third processing unit.01-31-2013
20130028533METHOD, SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR OPTIMIZATION OF DATA COMPRESSION - A sequence of n coefficients is compressed by determining a cost-determined sequence of n coefficient indices represented by a cost-determined sequence of (run, index derivative) pairs under a given quantization table and run-index derivative coding distribution, wherein each sequence of (run, index derivative) pairs defines a corresponding sequence of coefficient indices such that (i) each index in the corresponding sequence of coefficient indices is a digital number, (ii) the corresponding sequence of coefficient indices includes a plurality of values including a special value, and (iii) each (run, index derivative) pair defines a run value representing a number of consecutive indices of the special value, and an index-based value derived from a value of the index following the number of consecutive indices of the special value.01-31-2013
382252000 Error diffusion or dispersion 18
20130064466APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR RE-COMPRESSION HAVING A MONOTONIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EXTENT OF COMPRESSION AND QUALITY OF COMPRESSED IMAGE - A computerized method for independent disjoint block-level recompression of a first image generated by independent coding of disjoint blocks in a precursor image, the first image having at least one first quantization matrix associated there-with, the method comprising performing at least one independent disjoint block-level compression operation, using a processor on the first image, thereby to generate a re-compressed second image including generating a new quantization matrix and using the new quantization matrix for the independent disjoint block-level compression, including computing a rounding error created by the quantization process utilizing the new quantization matrix and, if needed, adjusting at least one value of the new quantization matrix to reduce a rounding error created by the quantization process utilizing the new quantization matrix.03-14-2013
20090196519System and Method for Dynamically Shifting Error Diffusion Data - Error diffusion is performed using a Floyd-Steinberg-like approach. A integer-representation of a running error is compressed by storing only its most significant bits and returning any remainder to the error diffusion processor. The running error is shifted to the right until only the desired number of significant bits remain, and this compressed error is stored. Any portion of the original running error that is lost due to the shifting is treated as a remainder and is returned to the error diffusion processor for use in calculating an adjusted current pixel value. The amount of the shift is retained in compressed form to keep track of the number of shifts needed to form a truncated running error from the compressed running error.08-06-2009
20080310748IMAGE PROCESSOR, IMAGE-PROCESSING METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM - An image processor has: a unit that executes a conversion process on input image data represented by pixels of M grayscales (M≧3), to convert the input data into output image data represented by sub-pixels of two grayscales; and a unit that outputs the output data, wherein the conversion process includes: a process to determine a filling pattern of sub-pixels corresponding to a pixel of interest of the input data according to a corrected grayscale value obtained by adding a correction value to a grayscale value of the pixel of interest; and the pattern includes a core pattern which forms a core of a dot and a growth pattern which grows a dot, the correction value includes a diffused error, and at least a part of the diffused error obtained by weighting an error of a pixel determined as the core pattern is not included in the correction value.12-18-2008
20090087114Response Time Compression Using a Complexity Value of Image Information - An apparatus includes a control module and an activity module. The control module provides error control information based on a target number of bits and an actual number of bits required to pack at least one compressed block of image information. The activity module provides a quantization factor based on the error control information and a complexity value of the at least one compressed block of image information. The quantization factor is used to pack the at least one compressed block of image information into a bitstream comprising the target number of bits.04-02-2009
20120070095METHOD OF COMPRESSING IMAGE DATA - In a method of compressing image data which include a plurality of pixel values which are associated with a respective pixel, the pixel values are coded for at least some pixels in accordance with the following steps: 03-22-2012
20100303370VIDEO DECODING DEVICE AND VIDEO DECODING METHOD - A video decoding device includes a decoder configured to decode a plurality of separate partial areas of each of pictures included in encoded video data and a motion vector indicating a positional relationship between each of the partial areas and a partial area of a different picture referenced in order to encode the partial area; an error detector configured to detect, as an error area, a partial area that is unable to be decoded by the decoder from among the plurality of partial areas; a referenced area determiner configured to determine a referenced area of a third picture that has already been decoded, the referenced area corresponding to the error area; a concealment unit configured to conceal the error area using data included in the referenced area; and an image integrator configured to reproduce the first picture.12-02-2010
20090041367QUANTIZATION METHOD AND APPARATUS - Quantization for oversampled signals with an error minimization searches based upon clusters of possible sampling vectors where the clusters have minimal correlation and thereby decrease reconstruction error as a function of oversampling (redundancy) ratio.02-12-2009
20100061647IMAGE COMPRESSION METHOD AND DEVICE THEREOF - An image compression method and a device thereof are provided. In the image compression method, a block image having a plurality of pixels is received. In the block image, an adjusted value of a first pixel is compared with a threshold value, and the adjusted value of the first pixel is accordingly quantized as a first parameter value or a second parameter value so as to obtain a quantized value of the first pixel. Next, an error value between the adjusted value of the first pixel and the quantized value of the first pixel is distributed to at least one second pixel adjacent to the first pixel according to an error diffusion kernel. The first pixel and the second pixel are respectively one of the above pixels. Therefore, the quality of the compressed image is improved and the influence of the blocking effect is reduced.03-11-2010
20080247659Universal-denoiser context-modeling component and context-modeling method - In various embodiments of the present invention, a context-based denoiser is applied to each noisy-image symbol embedded within a context to determine a replacement symbol for the noisy-signal symbol. The context-based denoiser includes a context-modeling component that efficiently generates context classes and symbol-prediction classes, assigns individual contexts to context classes and symbol-prediction classes, collects symbol-occurrence statistics related to the generated context classes and symbol-prediction classes, and, optionally, generates noisy-symbol predictions.10-09-2008
20100183234APPARATUS, METHOD, AND PROGRAM - It is an objective of the present invention to provide an apparatus by which the processing required to perform the average density storage method on the hardware can be performed with a higher speed.07-22-2010
20110188769IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD - The present invention enables a reduction in circuit scale.08-04-2011
20120121201IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD - M-value image data is inputted; a value of a pixel of interest in the inputted image data is quantized to N(N>M) value by an error diffusion method; it is determined whether both of a value of the pixel of interest to be quantized and an error value to be added to the pixel of interest are zero; and if it is determined that the value of the pixel of interest and the error value are zero, zero is outputted as a quantization result without performing quantization by the error diffusion method.05-17-2012
20100008594METHOD FOR CORRECTING A QUANTIZED DATA VALUE AND ASSOCIATED DEVICE - Where a quantized data value is produced by a first quantization of an input data value, followed by a first inverse quantization and subsequently by a second quantization and the first quantization has first quantization intervals and the second quantization has second quantization intervals, third quantization intervals are generated by displacing interval boundaries of the second quantization intervals, respectively, to the next interval boundaries of the first quantization intervals. A third reconstruction value is determined for the third quantization intervals such that the third reconstruction value lies within the associated third quantization intervals. A corrected data value is generated by a third inverse quantization of the quantized data value and the third inverse quantization is affirmed by the third quantization intervals containing the associated third reconstruction value.01-14-2010
20110123129ERROR DIFFUSION METHOD AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY USING THE SAME - An error diffusion method includes: simultaneously receiving first to nth (n is a positive integer of 2 or larger) pixel data at every clock; adding a quantization error stored in a memory to each of the first to (n−1)th pixel data and quantizing them into data having a smaller number of bits than the number of input bits; adding the quantization error stored in the memory to the nth pixel data and quantizing it into data having a smaller number of bits than the number of input bits; diffusing the quantization errors of the first to (n−1)th pixel data to nearby pixels excluding the first to nth pixels by using a first error diffusion mask, and storing the diffusion results of the quantization errors of the first to (n−1)th pixel data in the memory; and diffusing the quantization error of the nth pixel data to pixels around the nth pixel by using a second error diffusion mask, and storing the diffusion results of the quantization error of the nth pixel data in the memory.05-26-2011
20120093430IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD AND DEVICE - An image processing method includes the step of generating an error diffusion value; detecting an edge at a current pixel of an image; and adding the pixel value of the current pixel with the error diffusion value or an error diffusion seed according to the detecting result.04-19-2012
20100246987Surround Error Diffusion - Machine-enabled methods of, and system, and processor readable media, embodiments for, tone quantization error diffusion.09-30-2010
20100054619METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INVERSE QUANTIZING IMAGE, AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DECODING IMAGE - Provided are method and apparatus for inverse quantizing an image, the method including: determining a quantization step correction value for reducing a quantization error, which is a difference between an inverse quantization coefficient, obtained by inverse quantizing a quantization coefficient, and an original value of the transformation coefficient; and inverse quantizing the quantization coefficient using a second quantization step value, the second quantization step value being obtained by correcting a first quantization step value used for inverse quantizing the quantization coefficient using the determined quantization step correction value.03-04-2010
20080226188THRESHOLD MODIFICATION FOR LIMIT CYCLE REMOVAL IN VECTOR ERROR DIFFUSION - A device and method is provided for breaking up undesirable patterns in vector error diffusion when the sum of inputs is near fraction values of the total input range. In the method, the value of the sum is calculated modulo the maximum input value. The mod value tendency to produce limit cycles is then determined for multiple planes in a manner similar to that for an individual plane. The threshold process for the vector calculation can then be modified to break up the cycles that occur in the combinations of the multiple colors. Typically, the largest of the individual plane modifications and the vector sum mod value is used for threshold modification. At least two different types of threshold modifications are possible: (1) random or psuedo-random noise address to the threshold; and (2) non-contiguous regions of threshold.09-18-2008
382253000 Vector quantization 10
20100046849Image Restoration By Vector Quantization Utilizing Visual Patterns - The restoration of images by vector quantization utilizing visual patterns is disclosed. One disclosed embodiment comprises restoring detail in a transition region of an unrestored image, by first identifying the transition region and forming blurred visual pattern blocks. These blurred visual pattern blocks are compared to a pre-trained codebook, and a corresponding high-quality visual pattern blocks is obtained. The high-quality visual pattern block is then blended with the unrestored image to form a restored image.02-25-2010
20100104207SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMAGE COMPRESSION - A method for compressing image data into a sequence of codes, the image data being represented by a plurality of input color vectors. The method includes a repetitive processing of one color vector at a time with the following steps: receiving one of the input color vectors; comparing the received input color vector with codebook words in a codebook, the codebook words being expressed as color vectors; compressing the received input color vector to generate a code based on the comparison; updating the codebook with a color vector, the color vector being generated by decoding the code; and outputting the code before receiving a next one of the input color vectors; wherein the updating may include rearranging the order of the codebook words based on the comparison.04-29-2010
20090010559ENCODING DEVICE AND DYNAMIC IMAGE RECORDING SYSTEM HAVING THE ENCODING DEVICE - To always maintain good image quality no matter whether the target bit rate for encoding is high or low.01-08-2009
20090175550Successively Refinable Lattice Vector Quantization - A vector quantizer includes a lattice quantizer (07-09-2009
20090252428IMAGE DESCRIPTOR QUANTIZATION - Image descriptor quantization technique embodiments are presented which quantize an image descriptor defined by a vector of number elements. This is generally accomplished by lowering the number of bits per number element to a prescribed degree. The resulting quantized image descriptor exhibits minimal loss of matching reliability while at the same time reducing the amount of storage space needed to store the descriptor in a database. Lowering the number of bits per number element also allows for increased matching speed.10-08-2009
20090279805Method of coding a continuous data flow using vector quantization - Methods and systems for compressing a continuous data flow for numerous applications where it is necessary to process large data sets such as hyper-spectral data cubes in real-time. A predetermined number of 2D focal plane frames in a boundary area of a previous regional data cube close to a current regional data cube are included in a training set used for codevector training for the current region. Therefore, no artificial boundary occurs between the two adjacent regions when codevectors trained in this way are used for codebook generation and encoding of the spectral vectors of the current regional data cube. This process substantially reduces image artifacts between adjacent regions. A remedy for the single bit error problem is also provided. Full redundancy of compressed data for a regional data cube is obtained by combining a previous regional data cube and the current regional data cube for codebook training. In order to obtain redundancy for the index map, the codebook is used to encode the current regional data cube as well as the previous regional data cube producing a baseline index map for the current regional data cube and a redundant index map for the previous regional data cube. Therefore, full redundancy for a regional data cube is provided allowing restoration of a regional data cube even if its codebook and/or index map are corrupted or lost due to single bit errors.11-12-2009
20110164826METHOD FOR CONSTRUCTING IMAGE DATABASE FOR OBJECT RECOGNITION, PROCESSING APPARATUS AND PROCESSING PROGRAM - Provided is a method for constructing an image database for object recognition, which includes a feature extraction step of extracting local descriptors from object images which are to be stored in an image database, a scalar quantization step of quantizing a numeric value indicating each dimension of each of the local descriptors into a predetermined number of bit digits, and a storing step of organizing each of the local descriptors after the quantization to be able to be searched for in the closest vicinity, giving to the local descriptor an identifier of the image from which the local descriptor has been extracted, and storing the local descriptor to which the identifiers are given in the image database. The storing step comprises extracting the local descriptors from the object images when a search query is given, scalar-quantizing each dimension, determining a local descriptor in the closest vicinity of each of the local descriptors from the image database, and storing each local descriptors so as to be able to identify one image by majority vote processing from the images including any determined local descriptor. The scalar quantization step comprises quantizing each dimension of each of the local descriptors into 8 bits or less. Also provided are a processing program for the method and a processing device for performing the processing.07-07-2011
20120237134IMAGE DESCRIPTOR QUANTIZATION - Image descriptor quantization technique embodiments are presented which quantize an image descriptor defined by a vector of number elements. This is generally accomplished by lowering the number of bits per number element to a prescribed degree. The resulting quantized image descriptor exhibits minimal loss of matching reliability while at the same time reducing the amount of storage space needed to store the descriptor in a database. Lowering the number of bits per number element also allows for increased matching speed.09-20-2012
20100172594Data System and Method - Vector-based images and documents, such as those written in SVG and Adobe Flash, can be converted into equivalent bitmap or other non-vector-based image by parsing the vector-based image to detect objects in the vector-based code. For each detected object, a separate bitmap of the object is created and information about where that image lies on the z-axis is retained. A separate bitmap image is created for each object, and the separate bitmap images are layered on top of one another, which is to say ordered along the z-axis in accordance with their z-axis coordinates. Animation of an image can be implemented by selectively rendering different ones of the bitmap images as transparent.07-08-2010
20100129000VECTOR-BASED IMAGE PROCESSING - A block of image elements is compressed by determining a parameter representative of a size of a bounding section in vector space encompassing feature vectors associated with the image elements. This size parameter is used to provide a deterministic, pseudo-random pattern of multiple representation vectors encompassed by the bounding section. A vector among multiple representation vectors is selected as representation of the feature vector of an image element. An identifier associated with selected vector is assigned to the image element and included in the compressed block which also comprises representations of the size parameter.05-27-2010

Patent applications in class Quantization

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