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Transistor

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363 - Electric power conversion systems

363013000 - CURRENT CONVERSION

363123000 - Using semiconductor-type converter

363125000 - In rectifier systems

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DocumentTitleDate
20110182095PACKAGE FOR SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER MODULE - The present technology discloses a package for a synchronous rectifier module, and also discloses synchronous rectification circuits and power supply adapters. The synchronous rectification circuit co-packages the synchronous rectifier and the driver into one single package. The single package simplifies the external circuitry and reduces potential electromagnetic interferences.07-28-2011
20080259665Rectifier Circuit, Circuit Arrangement and Method for Manufactiring a Rectifier Circuit - One aspect of the invention relates to a rectifier circuit for providing a rectified voltage, with a first AC voltage terminal to which an AC voltage can be applied, with a first DC voltage terminal to which a DC voltage can be provided, and with a control switching element between the first AC voltage terminal and the first DC voltage terminal. The control switching element only couples the first AC voltage terminal to the first DC voltage terminal if the electrical potential at the first AC voltage terminal has a predeterminable polarity compared with a reference potential and if the amount of the electrical potential at the first DC voltage terminal is less than or equal to the amount of the electrical potential at the first AC voltage terminal.10-23-2008
20100080029Multiple phase power supply having current shared power factor correction - A multi-phase (N) power supply is presented having current shared power factor correction, comprising. This includes N input rectifier filters each receiving a respective different one of an N phase AC input signal and providing therefrom one of N rectified signals. N single phase power factor correction pre-regulators receives a respective different one of the rectified signals and provide therefrom a regulated signal. A current sharing N way to single way multiplexing switch network for receiving the N regulated signals and provides therefrom a single output signal.04-01-2010
20090122585STEP-UP/DOWN SWITCHING REGULATOR - An input voltage Vin is supplied to a first terminal of a control circuit via an inductor connected to outside, and an output capacitor is connected to a second terminal. A switching transistor is provided between the first terminal and ground, and a synchronous rectifier transistor is provided between the first terminal and the second terminal. A first transistor is provided between a back gate of a synchronous rectifier transistor and the first terminal, and a second transistor is provided between the back gate and the second terminal. A switch control unit turns OFF the first transistor and the second transistor at a step-up stop interval; and turns OFF the first transistor and turns ON the second transistor at a step-up operation interval.05-14-2009
20100073978BRIDGE RECTIFIER CIRCUIT WITH BIPOLAR TRANSISTORS - A bridge rectifier circuit including a first and second pair of bipolar transistors, wherein the bipolar transistors of each pair have conductivity types that are opposite from one another; first and second input terminals coupled to each of the bipolar transistors; and first and second output terminals coupled to each of the bipolar transistors. Furthermore, each of the bipolar transistors is configured to operate in reverse-active mode.03-25-2010
20100073979High-voltage-resistant rectifier with standard CMOS transistors - A high-voltage-resistant rectifier with standard CMOS transistors is disclosed in present invention. In a bridge full-wave rectifier comprising four MOS transistors, extra transistors are connected in series between the transistors which endure high voltage and the input to decrease the voltage imposed on the gate of them; moreover, the present invention provides a way to divide voltage imposed between the gate and the source of the said transistors by connecting in series with extra transistors, so it is achieved to implement a high-voltage-resistant rectifier with standard low voltage CMOS transistors without additional process complexity, and decreases manufacture and process costs.03-25-2010
20130077371COMMUTATOR FOR BRIDGELESS PFC CIRCUIT - The commutator for a bridgeless PFC circuit is characterized in that a synchronous half-wave rectifier is connected between a bridgeless PFC boost circuit and an AC power source and is coupled to the two terminals of the AC power source. The synchronous half-wave rectifier contains a first synchronous transistor, a second synchronous transistor, and a control circuit.03-28-2013
20100046264GENERALIZED AC-DC SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION TECHNIQUES FOR SINGLE- AND MULTI-PHASE SYSTEMS - Various circuit configurations and topologies are provided for single and multi-phase, single-level or multi-level, full and half-bridge rectifiers in which diodes are replaced by combinations of voltage-controlled self-driven active switches, current-controlled self-driven active switches and inductors in order to reduce the effects of conduction loss in the diodes.02-25-2010
20100046263RECTIFIER CIRCUIT WITH A VOLTAGE SENSOR - A rectifier circuit with a synchronously controlled semiconductor element comprising at least one field effect transistor with a control electrode and two switching electrodes. The control electrode operates the reverse state and the forward state between the switching electrodes. For this, the rectifier circuit comprises at least one driver which cooperates with a voltage sensor of the field effect transistor. During the diode operating state of the field effect transistor, the driver operates this to the forward state. The voltage sensor thereby forms at least one part of a non-linear voltage divider which comprises at least one monolithically integrated measuring capacitance.02-25-2010
20100103709SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EMULATING AN IDEAL DIODE IN A POWER CONTROL DEVICE - A system and method for emulating an ideal diode for use in a power control device is provided. In one embodiment, the invention relates to a circuit for emulating an ideal diode, the circuit including at least one field effect transistor including a source, a drain, a gate, and a body diode, an input; an output coupled to the drain, a control circuit including a current sensor coupled between the input and the source, and a control circuit output coupled to the gate, wherein the control circuit is configured to activate the at least one field effect transistor based on whether the current flowing into the source is greater than a predetermined threshold, and wherein the body diode comprises an anode coupled to the source and a cathode coupled to the drain.04-29-2010
20100067275UNIDIRECTIONAL MOSFET AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF - Owing to the property of bidirectional conduction under the saturation mode, synchronous rectifiers in conventional power converters usually suffer from a reverse current under light loads or a shoot-through current under heavy loads. The reverse current may degrade the converter efficiency and the shoot-through current may damage synchronous rectifiers. The present invention discloses a unidirectional metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (UMOS), which comprises a metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOS), a current detection circuit and a fast turn-off circuit. The current detection circuit detects the direction of the current flowing through the MOS. When a forward current is detected, the fast turn-off circuit is disabled and the channel of the MOS can be formed. When a reverse current is detected, the fast turn-off circuit is enabled and the channel of the MOS cannot be formed. This UMOS can be applied, but not limited, to synchronous rectifiers to detect the occurrence of a reverse current or a shoot-through current and fast turn off the channel of the MOSFET.03-18-2010
20110002150Rectifier Circuit with High Efficiency - Disclosed is a rectifier circuit in order to adaptively reduce a threshold voltage of a diode module constituting the rectifier circuit using an output voltage of the rectifier circuit. A PMOS diode module flowing the forward current from an input terminal to an output terminal comprises: a first PMOS transistor including a source and a drain connected to the input terminal and the output terminal, respectively; a second PMOS transistor including a source connected to the output terminal, and a gate and a drain connected to each other; a switch connecting the gate of the first PMOS transistor to one of the output terminal and the drain of the second PMOS transistor; and a bias resistor including one terminal connected to the gate of the second PMOS transistor and another terminal to which a bias voltage is applied.01-06-2011
20130051102ISOLATED SOFT-SWITCH SINGLE-STAGE AC-DC CONVERTER - An alternating current-to-direct current (AC-DC) converter is provided. The converter may include a transformer having a primary side and a secondary side. A first bi-directional switch and a first inductor may be connected in series between a positive terminal of an AC source and a first terminal of the primary side of the transformer. A second bi-directional switch and a second inductor may be connected between the positive terminal of the AC source and a second terminal of the primary side of the transformer and connected in parallel with the first bi-directional switch.02-28-2013
20090091961Single-Stage Power Factor Correction Circuit - A single-stage power factor correction circuit includes a first rectifier, a second rectifier, a full bridge rectifier, a capacitor, a fly back transformer, and a switch. Unlike conventional single-stage power factor correction circuits, the present invention just needs to pass through two rectifiers at positive and negative half cycles, so as to reduce the conduction loss, lower the temperature of the power supply, and control the voltage of the control energy storage capacitor, and stabilize voltage output.04-09-2009
20090091960METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFYING OF SOFT SWITCHING POWER CONVERTERS - An apparatus for synchronous rectifying of a soft switching power converter is provided. An integrated synchronous rectifier includes a power transistor coupled between a transformer and the output of the soft switching power converter, and a controller receiving a pulse signal to switch on/off the power transistor. A switching control circuit generates the pulse signal in response to a current signal, and generates drive signals to switch the transformer in response to a switching signal. An isolation device is coupled to transfer the pulse signal between the switching control circuit and the integrated synchronous rectifier. The switching signal is used for regulating the power converter and the current signal is correlated to the switching current of the transformer.04-09-2009
20130058142POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - A power supply device comprising a switch assemble, a voltage transformation circuit and a processor is disclosed. The switch assemble may include a first switch and a second switch connected with each other in parallel. After the first switch turns on, the voltage transformation circuit is electronically coupled to AC power and provides a DC voltage output for powering the processor to turn on initially. The first switch will turn off after the processor is powered up, and the powered processor operates to control the second switch to turn on so that the voltage transformation circuit is coupled to AC power through the second switch and provides DC voltage output for enabling the processor to continue to operate. The processor is further configured to control the second switch to turn off according to performances of a load coupled to the transformation circuit.03-07-2013
20090285003BOOST CONVERTER - In a boost converter including an input transistor receiving an input voltage, an inductor and a main switch serially connected to the input transistor, rectifying means connected to a node between the inductor and the main switch and smoothing means for smoothing the output of the rectifying means to generate an output voltage, a current detection circuit generates a current detection signal corresponding to the current flowing through the input transistor. A voltage detection circuit generates a voltage detection signal corresponding to the output voltage. A startup circuit adjusts the current at the input transistor until the output voltage reaches a first voltage when being lower than the first voltage, and turns ON the input transistor when being higher than the first voltage. A control circuit controls ON/OFF of the main switch based on the current and voltage detection signals so that the output voltage becomes a predetermined value.11-19-2009
20090268497FULL-WAVE RECTIFYING DEVICE - A full-wave rectifying device includes a first rectification module and a second rectification module. The first rectification module includes one or a plurality of first rectification units. The second rectification module includes one or a plurality of second rectification units. In each of a plurality of transistors, the substrate is connected to the source so as to reduce the body effect of the rectifying circuit efficiently and enable generation of a dc voltage signal through rectification by a plurality of capacitors. A multistage rectifying circuit architecture including a plurality of first rectification units and second rectification units is provided, so as to reduce the body effect of transistors of a conventional rectifier and significantly stabilize the voltage output level, thereby allowing the rectifying circuit to generate a dc voltage level of designed value.10-29-2009
20130063996POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS - A power supply apparatus includes: an input terminal to which alternating current power is input; a positive terminal and a negative terminal at which direct-current power is output; a rectifier circuit configured to rectify the alternating current power input to the input terminal; an inductor coupled to the rectifier circuit; a capacitor coupled between the positive terminal and the negative terminal; a first rectifying element coupled between an output terminal of the inductor and the positive terminal; a first switching element coupled between an input terminal of the first rectifying element and the negative terminal; a second switching element and a transformer coupled in parallel to the first switching element; a second rectifying element coupled between the positive terminal and a coupling portion of the second switching element and the transformer; and a third rectifying element coupled between the transformer and the positive terminal.03-14-2013
20120195084MODIFIED VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER STRUCTURE - The invention concerns a voltage source converter (08-02-2012
20090231895RECTIFIER CIRCUIT - Disclosed is a method for operating a transistor as a rectifier element, and a circuit arrangement including a control circuit and a transistor.09-17-2009
20090010034START SIGNAL DETECTOR CIRCUIT - A variation of a threshold of diode-connected transistors is compensated for to maintain a constant rectification efficiency of a rectifier circuit, thereby enabling stable detection of a start signal. A constant voltage is applied to DC bias terminal of cascaded half-wave voltage doubler rectifier circuits (including MOS transistors M01-08-2009
20090010033ACTIVE DIODE - An active diode is disclosed. One embodiment provides a method for operating a device. The electronic device includes a transistor connected between a first and a second connection of the electronic device; a control device coupled to a control connection of the transistor; and an energy storage device coupled to the control device.01-08-2009
20130163302DC-DC CONVERTER SYSTEMS - DC-DC converter systems are disclosed. DC-DC converter systems may include an input, an output, a resonant switched-capacitor DC-DC converter, and a second DC-DC converter. The resonant switched-capacitor DC-DC converter may include a first input side and a first output side. The second DC-DC converter may include a second input side and a second output side. The first input side may be connected to the input, the second input side may be connected to an input voltage, and the first and second output sides may be connected in series to the output. In some examples, the second DC-DC converter may be a buck-boost DC-DC converter.06-27-2013
20110044081Full-wave rectifier - A full-wave rectifier of the present invention, has an input AC power source, a pair of input terminal A and B, a pair of first and second switching element Q02-24-2011
20110038191RECTIFIER CIRCUIT AND RADIO COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING THE SAME - A rectifier circuit includes an input terminal that receives an alternating-current signal, a first rectifier circuit that generates a first direct-current voltage from the alternating-current signal, a bias-voltage generating circuit that generates a bias voltage from the first direct-current voltage, and a second rectifier circuit that generates a second direct-current voltage from the alternating-current signal biased with the bias voltage.02-17-2011
20090285002MAINS CONVERTER FOR SWITCHING, WITHOUT ANY INTERRUPTION, BETWEEN CLOCKED VOLTAGE-REGULATED OPERATION AND FUNDAMENTAL-FREQUENCY UNREGULATED OPERATION, AND METHOD FOR SWITCHING A CONVERTER SUCH AS THIS WITHOUT ANY INTERRUPTION - A current source inverter is disclosed, comprising: means for operating the inverter in fundamental frequency unregulated operation, means for operating the inverter in clocked voltage regulated operation, means for recording parameters from which conclusions can be drawn at an instantaneous operating point and/or at an instantaneous network condition, means for determining an appropriate operating condition from the recorded parameters and means for uninterrupted switching of the operation of the inverter to the operating condition as determined from the recorded parameters and a method for uninterrupted switching of such a current source inverter.11-19-2009
20110141784TIMING CONTROLLED AC TO DC CONVERTER - A timing controlled converter for converting a time varying input signal to a regulated DC output voltage for application to a load circuit. A feedback loop is employed as a control means for switchably coupling the time varying input signal to the load circuit for controlled periods of time in a manner so as to provide an average load voltage equal to a reference voltage. The duration of the controlled periods of time is a function of: the difference between the time varying input signal and the output voltage; and the integral of the difference between the output voltage and the reference voltage.06-16-2011
20110141782N-PHASE ACTIVE BRIDGE CIRCUITS INCLUDING N-CHANNEL FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS WITH ACTIVE GATE DRIVE - An n-phase transistor active bridge circuit (BC) connectable between at least two input lines (06-16-2011
20120106218POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS - In order to widen an operational input voltage range of a power conversion apparatus and obtain a maximum efficiency value comparable to that in a case where the operational input voltage range is not widened by changing software but not hardware, provided is a power conversion apparatus, in which a control section (05-03-2012
20090273958Cat-Ear Power Supply Having a Latch Reset Circuit - A cat-ear power supply is operable to generate a DC voltage and draws current from an AC power source near the beginning and end of a half-cycle of the AC power source. A controllably conductive switching circuit selectively charges an energy storage capacitor to produce the DC voltage and become conductive to charge the energy storage capacitor near the beginning of the half-cycle of the AC power source. A latch circuit controls the controllably conductive switching circuit to become non-conductive in response to the magnitude of the DC voltage. A switch voltage monitor circuit controls the controllably conductive switching circuit to become non-conductive and resets the latch circuit when the magnitude of a switch voltage across the switching circuit exceeds a predetermined switch voltage threshold. The switching circuit becomes conductive to charge the energy storage capacitor near the end of the half-cycle when the magnitude of the switch voltage drops below the predetermined switch voltage threshold.11-05-2009
20100034000ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT HAVING A DIODE-CONNECTED MOS TRANSISTOR WITH AN IMPROVED EFFICIENCY - An integrated circuit including a semiconductor layer; and a MOS transistor including first and second power terminals and a bulk insulated from the semiconductor layer, the first power terminal being intended to receive an oscillating signal, the transistor gate and the bulk being connected to the first power terminal.02-11-2010
20100033999LOW-POWER RADIO FREQUENCY DIRECT CURRENT RECTIFIER - Provided is a low-power radio frequency (RF) direct current (DC) rectifier. The low-power RF DC rectifier includes a rectification circuit with first and second to n-th rectification units sequentially rectifying an RF signal input through a first input terminal and a second input terminal. The first rectification unit is disposed between the first and second input terminals and a first output terminal of the first rectification unit. The second rectification unit is disposed between the first rectification unit and a second output terminal of the second rectification unit, is biased by the first rectification unit. The n-th rectification unit is disposed between an immediately previous rectification unit and a rectification output terminal of the rectification circuit, is biased by a rectified voltage output from an immediately preceding rectification unit, and outputs the rectified RF signal through the rectification output terminal.02-11-2010
20090290397Primary Sampling Current Controlled Synchronous Rectifying Drive Circuit - A primary winding current controlled synchronous rectifying drive circuit including a current sampling circuit that detects a current signal in a primary winding of a transformer and forwards it to a signal shaping and reset circuit, and a current compensation signal circuit that compensates a magnetizing current in the primary winding of the transformer, wherein the signal shaping and reset circuit converts a sample of the current signal into a voltage signal and shapes it into a pulse signal, and then forwards the current signal to a logic control and power drive circuit that converts the pulse signal into one or more drive signal(s) through logic control, then the drive signal(s) are amplified to drive a corresponding synchronous rectifier.11-26-2009
20110170325LINE SWITCHER FOR POWER CONVERTERS - A regulated power supply apparatus and method are provided. The apparatus includes a converter circuit for generating a regulated voltage signal. The converter circuit includes a first switching circuit and a second switching circuit both coupled with an output circuit. A first and a second transformer include a first and a second secondary, which are coupled with each other in series or alternatively, coupled with each other in parallel. An input rectifier circuit is coupled with the first and the second switching circuit. The input rectifier circuit is configured for receiving an AC input voltage and for generating a rectified voltage. The input rectifier circuit includes controlled switches and a first and second configuration of a bridge rectifier that couples the first and second switching circuits in series or parallel depending if the AC input power signal is “high-line” or “low-line.” A controller circuit is provided for enabling either the first configuration or the second configuration. A configuration switch is controlled by the controller circuit for coupling the first and second switching circuits together.07-14-2011
20110075462Bridgeless Boost PFC Circuits and Systems - Bridgeless boost PFC circuits and systems providing an improved method of current sensing using two current sensing resistors is envisaged. Analog switches are provided to select one of the two current sensing resistors based on the polarity of the AC line. An amplifier is provided to eliminate use of resistors with large values, thus resulting in lower power loss and efficient systems.03-31-2011
20100124086High efficiency synchronous reectifiers - Methods and circuits for synchronous rectifier control are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a synchronous rectifier control circuit can include: (i) a first sense circuit to sense a voltage between first and second power terminals of a synchronous rectifier device prior to a turn-on of the device, where a timing of the turn-on of the synchronous rectifier device is adjustable using a first control signal generated from the first sense circuit; (ii) a second sense circuit configured to sense a voltage between the first and second power terminals after a turn-off of the device, where a timing of the turn-off of the device is adjustable using a second control signal generated from the second sense circuit; and (iii) a driver control circuit configured to receive the first and second control signals, and to generate therefrom a gate control signal configured to drive a control terminal of the synchronous rectifier device.05-20-2010
20120033472Multi-Phase Drive System - A drive system for driving a multi-phase motor (such as a three-phase AC motor) or other load. Where a transformer is used, the transformer may have a disconnected wye configuration on the secondary side. The system may also utilize the average or other combination of DC bus voltages of inverters for each load phase, to provide feedback control.02-09-2012
20130215658Multipoint Converters With Brake Chopper - An electrical circuit for a power converter is described. The circuit has been provided with several semiconductor switches and capacitors used for operating the power converter. A brake resistance for lowering energy is provided, connected to the semiconductor switches provided without the need for an additional switch. The operation of the power converter and the current flowing through the brake resistance can be controlled by means of the existing semiconductor switches.08-22-2013
20120294055POWER DETECTOR - A power detector having a differential input unit and a differential output unit. In one aspect, the invention may be a power detector including a differential input unit including a differential input terminal to which an AC signal is input and a DC voltage generator which generates and outputs a DC voltage; and a differential output unit including a differential output terminal which full wave rectifies the AC signal input from the differential input unit and outputs a differential signal, wherein a negative output terminal of the differential output terminal is connected to the output terminal of the DC voltage generator.11-22-2012
20090244945POWER CONVERTING APPARATUS - In a power converting apparatus in which two three-phase converters (10-01-2009
20120106219SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATION - Provided is a semiconductor device for wireless communication which achieves a reduction in leakage power and allows an improvement in power efficiency. For example, to external terminals, an antenna driver section for driving an antenna and a rectifying section for rectifying input power from the antenna are coupled. The antenna driver section includes pull-up PMOS transistors and pull-down NMOS transistors. In the rectifying section, a power supply voltage generated by a full-wave rectifying circuit is boosted by a voltage boosting circuit. For example, when a supply of a power supply voltage from a battery is stopped, a power supply voltage resulting from the boosting by the voltage boosting circuit is supplied to the bulk of each of the pull-up PMOS transistors.05-03-2012
20090273959BIASED-MOSFET ACTIVE BRIDGE WITH ACTIVE GATE DRIVE - A transistor active bridge circuit (11-05-2009
20110199799SELF-DRIVEN AC-DC SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER FOR POWER APPLICATIONS - Systems, methods, and devices that employ self-driven gate-drive circuitry to facilitate controlling power switches to emulate a diode bridge to synchronously rectify a power signal are presented. A single-phase or multi-phase synchronous rectifier can comprise at least a first pair of switches of a first conducting path and a second pair of switches of a second conducting path that can form or emulate a diode bridge. To facilitate emulating turn-on and turn-off conditions of a diode, a switch can be turned on when voltage across the switch is forward-biased and turned off when switch current is reversed; also, there can be at least one current-controlled switch in each conducting path. Self-driven gate-drive circuitry employs low power components that can facilitate controlling respective switching of the at least first pair and second pair of switches, wherein switching of the switches is also controlled at start-up to emulate a diode bridge.08-18-2011
20100061129Switching power supply apparatus - A switching power supply apparatus employing a voltage obtained by rectifying an output from an AC power supply, as an input thereof includes a switching control circuit. The switching control circuit conducts a PFM control having a fixed ON-period of a switching device when a load is judged to be light based on a load signal indicating the load, and a PWM control when the load is judged not to be light. The switching control circuit changes the ON-period based on whether the AC power supply is a high voltage system or a low voltage system.03-11-2010
20080273359Synchronous rectification control circuit - The present invention discloses a synchronous rectification control circuit, comprising at least one switch unit, a pulse width control unit, a transformer, a first rectification unit, a second rectification unit, a plurality of driving units, a logic operation unit and a signal transmission unit. The logic operation unit is used for receiving a working cycle signal generated by the pulse width control unit. When the working cycle signal is changed, the signal transmission unit transmits a switching signal for changing the working conditions of the first and second rectification units at a secondary side of the transformer, so as to switch the first and second rectification units before the switch unit operates and prevent possible short circuits or overlaps.11-06-2008
20080247208Semiconductor Device - A semiconductor device is provided, which comprises a rectifier circuit configured to generate a first voltage from a first signal inputted from an input terminal, a comparing circuit configured to compare a reference voltage and the first voltage inputted from the rectifier circuit and to output a second signal to a switch, and a voltage generation circuit configured to generate a second voltage from the first signal inputted from the input terminal. The rectifier circuit includes a transistor including at least a control terminal, and the voltage generation circuit inputs the second voltage to the control terminal when the switch is turned on in accordance with the second signal.10-09-2008
20110222325SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A semiconductor device of a three-level inverter circuit with a reduced number of power supplies for driving IGBTs. The semiconductor device includes a series-connected circuit of IGBTs between P and N of a DC power supply and an AC switch element that is connected between a series connection point of the series-connected circuit and a neutral point of the DC power supply. The series-connected circuit and the AC switch element are integrated into one module. The AC switch element is formed by connecting a collector of a first IGBT to which a diode is connected in reverse parallel and a collector of a second IGBT to which a diode is connected in reverse parallel, and an intermediate terminal is provided at a connection point between the collectors.09-15-2011
20080239773VOLTAGE CONVERTER CAPABLE OF CORRECTLY ENABLING SECONDARY CONVERTING MODULE COUPLED TO OUTPUT PORT OF VOLTAGE CONVERTER BY UTILIZING SLOPE INDICATION SIGNAL HAVING DIFFERENT PULSE AMPLITUDES REPRESENTATIVE OF DIFFERENT SLOPE VALUES - A method for converting an input voltage signal into an output voltage signal is disclosed. The method includes: providing a primary converting module and coupling the primary converting module to an input port of the voltage converter; providing a secondary converting module having a second electronic induction device and a switch device, coupling the secondary converting module to an output port of the voltage converter, and utilizing the switch device to enable the secondary converting module; measuring a slope of an output at a detection end of the second electronic induction device to generate a slope indication signal having different pulse amplitudes representative of different slope values; and referencing the output at the detection end of the second electronic induction device, the slope indication signal, a first predetermined reference level, and a second predetermined reference level to generate a control signal for controlling an on/off status of the switch device.10-02-2008
20100165685POWER TRANSISTOR CHIP WITH BUILT-IN JUNCTION FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR AND APPLICATION CIRCUIT THEREOF - A power transistor chip and an application circuit thereof has a junction field effect transistor to act as a start-up circuit of an AC/DC voltage converter. The start-up circuit can be turned off after the PWM circuit of the AC/DC voltage converter operates normally to conserve the consumption of the power. Besides, the junction field effect transistor is built in the power transistor chip. Because the junction field effect transistor is fabricated with the same manufacturing process as the power transistor, it is capable of simplifying the entire process and lowering the production cost due to no additional mask and manufacturing process.07-01-2010
20110141783CONTROL OF FOUR-LEG TRANSFORMERLESS UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY - A system and method for managing a 4 leg transformerless Uninterrupted Power Supply is disclosed. The system comprises a 3 leg inverter modulation signal generator that applies signals to a modulation circuit that generates a 406-16-2011
20100177541VOLTAGE-SOURCED HVDC SYSTEM WITH MODULATION FUNCTION - A voltage-sourced High-Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) apparatus, which converts 3-phase AC voltage from a 3-phase AC power source into high voltage DC through a rectifier including switching elements, is provided. In the apparatus, a rectifier controller receives detected 3-phase currents, apparent power, and active power and generates D and Q-axis signals. A D/Q controller receives the signals and generates active power D-axis signal and apparent power Q-axis signal. A PWM unit generates PWM on/off signals for turning on/off the switching elements based on output signals from the D/Q controller. The D/Q controller includes a rotary converter to convert the D and Q-axis signals into AC signals and D and Q-axis order units coupled thereto, and generates the D and Q-axis signals through the order units. The PWM unit converts the D and Q-axis signals into 3-phase AC signals and compares them with 3-phase triangular waves to generate on/off signals for turning on/off the switching elements.07-15-2010
20100188876Controller for a Power Converter - A controller for a power converter and method of operating the same employable with a bridge rectifier having first and second synchronous rectifier switches. In one embodiment, the controller includes an amplifier configured to enable a turn-on delay for the first synchronous rectifier switch SR. The controller also includes a discharge switch Q07-29-2010
20090316456EMBEDDED BRIDGE RECTIFIER INTEGRATED WITH CONFIGURABLE I/O PADS - An embedded bridge rectifier is disclosed. By reconfiguring and reconnecting internal ESD protection circuits originally installed at two bonding pads of integrated circuits, the invention not only saves hardware cost of conventional external bridge rectifiers, but also reduces the space of print circuit boards.12-24-2009
20130215657ACTIVE BRIDGE RECTIFICATION - Technique for controlling a circuit that converts an AC input voltage into a DC output voltage using transistors arranged in first and second transistor pairs. Each transistor of the first pair is controlled in accordance with polarity of the AC input voltage. Each transistor of the second pair is controlled based on a difference between the AC input voltage and the DC output voltage.08-22-2013
20110110135WAVE DETECTOR CIRCUIT AND HIGH-FREQUENCY CIRCUIT - The temperature dependence of detection characteristics in a wave detector circuit is suppressed. A bias resistor and/or a load resistor are/is constituted by a resistive element having a high temperature coefficient, whereby a shift in detected output along with a change in temperature of a wave detector diode included in a diode detector circuit is canceled by a shift in detected output along with a change in temperature of the bias resistor and/or a shift in detected output along with a change in temperature of the load resistor.05-12-2011
20110110137Leakage Current Reduction in a Power Regulator - A regulator with decreased leakage and low loss for a power amplifier is described. Switching circuitry is used to connect the regulator input bias to a bias control voltage when the power amplifier is to be operated in an on condition or to a voltage generator when the power amplifier is to be operated in an off condition.05-12-2011
20120243278Power Module and Circuit Board Assembly Thereof - A power module includes a first bobbin, a primary winding coil, a circuit board assembly and a first magnetic core assembly. The primary winding coil is wound around the first bobbin. The circuit board assembly includes a printed circuit board, a second winding structure, at least one current-sensing element, a rectifier circuit and an electrical connector. The second winding structure has an output terminal. The current-sensing element includes a first conductor. The first conductor is a conductive sheet. A first end of the first conductor is in contact with the output terminal of the second winding structure. A second end of the first conductor is connected to the rectifier circuit. The primary winding coil is aligned with the second winding structure of the circuit board assembly and arranged within the first magnetic core assembly. The primary winding coil and the electrical connector are electrically connected with a system board.09-27-2012
20110032739METHOD AND DEVICE TO COMPENSATE FOR AN ASYMMETRICAL DC BIAS CURRENT IN A POWER TRANSFORMER CONNECTED TO A HIGH VOLTAGE CONVERTER - A method and a device to compensate for an asymmetrical DC bias current in a multi-phase transformer. The transformer is connected between an AC power system and an AC/DC or DC/AC high voltage converter. For each phase of the AC side of the transformer a current quantity is determined. The current quantity reflects the time dependent behaviour of the magnetizing current in the phase. Time intervals in the current quantity are determined during which the current quantity reaches a positive or a negative maximum, respectively. A DC magnetizing quantity is determined from a difference between the amplitude of the positive maximum and the amplitude of the negative maximum. An asymmetrical quantity is determined from a difference between the amplitudes of the positive and/or negative maxima of at least two of the phases and a control signal is generated from the asymmetrical quantity and provided to a control device of the converter in order to adjust the generation of the AC or DC voltage in the particular phase of the converter which corresponds to the phase of the AC side of the transformer.02-10-2011
20100302824Power source apparatus - Disclosed herein is a power source apparatus utilizing a synchronous rectification system, including: a main transformer; a first field effect transistor; a second field effect transistor; and a gate driver.12-02-2010
20100309701SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFYING DRIVE CIRCUIT WITH ENERGY FEEDBACK FOR VOLTAGE DOUBLER RECTIFER - A current-driven synchronous rectifying drive circuit designed for a T-type voltage doubler rectifier with an energy feedback circuit including a clamp and energy feedback circuit, a high frequency transformer, a current transducer, an energy storage capacitor, an output capacitor, a first and a second synchronous rectifier, and a first drive circuit connected to the first synchronous rectifier and a second drive circuit connected to the second synchronous rectifier.12-09-2010
20100302823METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICAL BUS CENTERING - A bus centering device for use in an aircraft electrical power distribution system that includes a positive bus rail, a negative bus rail, and a ground is described. The device includes a central node, a first and second switching component configured to couple the central node to the positive rail and the negative rail for a first and second predetermined duty cycle, respectively. The device includes an inductive component coupled between the central node and ground, and is configured to maintain a voltage at the central node substantially equal to ground, wherein a voltage between the positive rail and the central node is maintained substantially equal to a voltage between the negative rail and the central node. The device includes a first and second current limiting device configured to maintain a continuity of current from the inductive component when the first and second switching components are turned off.12-02-2010
20100321968LOAD FAULT HANDLING FOR SWITCHED RELUCTANCE OR INDUCTION TYPE MACHINES - An electrical power generation system includes a power source (12-23-2010
20110026285BIDIRECTIONAL SWITCH CIRCUIT AND POWER CONVERTER INCLUDING THE SAME - A bidirectional switch circuit includes two switching elements connected to conduct a current in both directions. The two switching elements are connected in series to each other. Of the two switching elements, the switching element to which a reverse voltage is applied, a voltage of a source of one of the switching elements being higher than a voltage of a drain of the one, is configured to conduct a current from the source to the drain even when an on-drive signal is not being input to a gate terminal of the one.02-03-2011
20110110136Converter device comprising at least five DC voltage levels and uninterruptible power supply provided with said device - A multi-level converter to at least convert an AC switched voltage available on a switched voltage point into at least five DC voltage levels available on positive and negative DC voltage lines, said converter comprising two separate switching units to convert respectively positive and negative half-waves of said switched voltage, connected to the DC voltage lines respectively presenting positive and negative DC voltage levels, and wherein each switching unit comprises a switching point connected to said switched voltage point by means of change-over means.05-12-2011
20110080761Monolithic AC/DC converter for generating DC supply voltage - An integrated circuit (IC) comprises a rectifier/regulator circuit coupled to receive an ac source voltage and output a regulated dc voltage. The rectifier/regulator circuit includes first and second switching elements that provide charging current when enabled. The first and second switching elements do not provide charging current when disabled. A sensor circuit is coupled to sense the regulated dc voltage and generate a feedback control signal coupled to the rectifier/regulator circuit that enables the first and second switching elements when the regulated dc voltage is above a target voltage, and disables the first and second switching elements when the regulated dc voltage is below the target voltage.04-07-2011
20110242864CURRENT SOURCE POWER CONVERSION CIRCUIT - An example of the current source power conversion circuit is provided with a plurality of half-bridge rectifier circuits which are connected in parallel, each including a serial connection of a first switch circuit having a first self-turn-off element and a first diode which are connected in series to each other, and a second switch circuit having a second self-turn-off element and a second diode which are connected in series to each other. A first current electrode of said first self-turn-off element in one of said half-bridge rectifier circuits and a first current electrode of said first self-turn-off element in other one of said half-bridge rectifier circuits are short-circuited and connected.10-06-2011
20110085362DRIVE UNIT, FOR INSTANCE FOR HALOGEN LAMPS, AND CORRESPONDING METHOD - A drive unit for electrical loads is provided. The drive unit may include an insulating transformer having a secondary winding for an alternate current to flow therethrough, wherein said secondary winding of said insulating transformer is coupled to electronic switches in a synchronous rectifier arrangement, said electronic switches to be alternatively switched on and off as a function of a trigger signal to produce a rectified output signal from said alternate current flowing through said secondary winding, wherein the unit includes a sense inductance coupled via a set of conductive strips to the secondary winding of said insulating transformer to sense the zero crossings of said alternate current flowing through said secondary winding and generate therefrom said trigger signal for said synchronous rectifier arrangement.04-14-2011
20100177542POWER TRANSISTOR CHIP WITH BUILT-IN START-UP TRANSISTOR AND APPLICATION CIRCUIYT THEREOF - A power transistor chip with a built-in start-up transistor and an application circuit thereof provides a junction field effect transistor in association with a metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor to act as a start-up circuit of an AC/DC voltage converter. The start-up circuit can be turned off after the PWM circuit of the AC/DC voltage converter operates normally to conserve the consumption of the power. Besides, the junction field effect transistor and the metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor are built in the power transistor chip. Because the junction field effect transistor and the metal oxide semiconductor field effect are fabricated with the same manufacturing process as the power transistor, it is capable of simplifying the entire process and lowering the production cost due to no additional mask and manufacturing process.07-15-2010
20090016090Synchronous Rectifier and Controller for Inductive Coupling - A synchronous rectifier is arranged to rectify inductively coupled power using FETs (field effect transistors) to minimize the voltage drop of the rectifier, which minimizes power loss. Power loss is an important consideration in applications where fairly significant power is coupled to a device (such as a battery charger or other energy storage device) for a fairly short time (such as less than one hour) at a fairly low voltage (such as around 2.5 to 4.5 volts). Body diodes of the FETs can be used to supply power for bootstrapping and control logic for controlling the FETs.01-15-2009
20100054008Inductorless Isolated Power Converters With Zero Voltage and Zero Current Switching - A method of controlling an isolated switching power converter that includes a transformer with a primary side and a secondary side, at least one primary switch coupled to the primary side of the transformer and at least one synchronous rectifier coupled to the secondary side of the transformer is disclosed. The method includes turning on the synchronous rectifier a first fixed time after turning on the primary switch and turning off the synchronous rectifier a second fixed time after turning off the primary switch. Power converters for operation according to this method are also disclosed, including power converters without an output inductor.03-04-2010
20110149623ACTIVE PARASITE POWER CIRCUIT - A circuit is provided that includes a parasitic power circuit that powers a parasitic circuit. The parasitic power circuit derives a supply voltage from an external AC or other signal suitable for use as a communications signal. A PMOS transistor or transistors is utilized to enable a supply voltage capacitor to charge substantially to the same voltage as the channel voltage of the communications signal.06-23-2011
20100135053POWER CONVERSION CIRCUIT - A power conversion circuit includes a bidirectional switch 06-03-2010
20110075464Synchronous rectification control device, method for synchronous rectification control, and insulated type switching power supply - A synchronous rectification control device achieves high power conversion efficiency without supplying additional signal to a secondary side from a primary side. An insulated type switching power supply provides such a synchronous rectification control device. An output power is regulated based on a phase difference between two half bridges in the primary side. In the secondary side of the full bridge converter circuit, a center tap is lead out from the secondary windings of a transformer to obtain two symmetrical sections of windings. A device for detecting winding voltage observes winding voltages at terminals of the sections of windings. The synchronous rectification control circuit controls transistors and MOSFETs connected to the secondary windings to make the transistor in the ON or OFF state depending on the current flow in the secondary windings.03-31-2011
20090213631STEP-DOWN SWITCHING REGULATOR - A step-down switching regulator prevents an output voltage undershoot and enables a quick lowering of an output voltage immediately after turning off of power supply. The step-down switching regulator includes an NMOS transistor connected between an output terminal and a ground voltage and another NMOS transistor connected in parallel with a synchronous rectification transistor. Upon reception of an on/off signal for terminating the operation of the switching regulator, the NMOS transistors are turned on into an on-state.08-27-2009
20110075463POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS AND CONTROLLER THEREOF - A power conversion apparatus includes a converter having an input power source Vin, a reactor L03-31-2011
20110075461THREE-PHASE LOW-LOSS RECTIFIER WITH ACTIVE GATE DRIVE - A three-phase bridge rectifier circuit (BRC) connectable to an AC voltage source (ACVS) via input lines (03-31-2011
20120147640POWER CIRCUIT AND DIRECT CURRENT TO DIRECT CURRENT CONVERTER THEREOF - A power circuit is applicable to a Direct Current (DC) to DC converter. The power circuit includes a gate driver circuit and a High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT). The gate driver circuit functions as a Sigmoid (S) function and controls a gate and a source of the HEMT with a cross voltage of the sigmoid (S) type function. Accordingly, an overall characteristic curve of the HEMT and the gate driver circuit is like a characteristic curve of a single rectifier diode, so as to achieve a rectifying, freewheeling, or reversing effect. In addition, since an energy loss is low when the HEMT is conducted, the energy loss of the whole power circuit is much less than that of a conventional diode.06-14-2012
20110255320ELECTRIC POWER CONVERTER FOR VEHICLE - In an electric power converter for a vehicle which is connected to an alternating-current generator for a vehicle and performs synchronous rectification, switching mistakes are reduced and efficiency is improved by setting an optimal control allowance time in generating a switching timing signal from a diode ON signal. A control allowance according to the operating state of a generator can be determined by obtaining a control allowance time as a sum of a control delay time which is constant irrespective of the operating state of the generator, and an allowance time which varies depending on the operating state of the generator. Thereby, optimal switching timing is obtained and the reduction of switching mistakes and an improvement in efficiency are performed.10-20-2011
20100118578DEVICE FOR CONVERTING AN ELECTRIC CURRENT - A device for converting an electrical current includes at least one phase module with an AC voltage connection and at least one DC voltage connection, a phase module branch disposed between each DC voltage connection and the AC voltage connection and each phase module branch having a series circuit of submodules, each of which has an energy accumulator and at least one power semiconductor and closed-loop control means for regulating the device. The device can regulate circulating currents in a targeted manner by providing each phase module with at least one inductance and configuring the closed-loop control means to regulate a circulating current that flows through the phase modules.05-13-2010
20120201067POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT - A power supply circuit includes, an input part, which has a first input terminal and a second input terminal, and which is configured to connect to an alternating current power supply; a line capacitor that is connected to the first input terminal and the second input terminal; a rectification circuit, which is connected to the first input terminal and the second input terminal, which rectifies and outputs to a load circuit from a high voltage side output terminal and a low voltage side output terminal; a smoothing capacitor, which is connected between the high voltage side output terminal and the low voltage side output terminal, and a remaining charge discharge unit that, when the alternating current flowing is interrupted, detects the interruption and discharges electrical charges remaining in the line capacitor, based on electrical charges of the high voltage side output terminal or charges of the smoothing capacitor.08-09-2012
20080247209INTEGRATED SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER PACKAGE - A controller for controlling a controlled switching device functioning as a synchronous rectifier of alternating current, the controller comprising a control circuit for sensing the direction of current through the controlled switching device, the controlled switching device comprising a MOSFET having a conduction channel and a parasitic body diode and having two main current carrying terminals and a control terminal, the control circuit generating a control signal provided to the control terminal to turn on the controlled switching device approximately when current begins to flow in a first direction through the controlled switching device and turn off the controlled switching device approximately when current begins to flow in a second opposite direction through the controlled switching device, further wherein the control circuit for sensing the direction of current through the controlled switching device main current carrying terminals comprises a sensing circuit coupled across the controlled switching device for comparing a voltage across the controlled switching device to first and second thresholds, the sensing circuit causing the control signal to be generated to turn off the controlled switching device at the first threshold and to turn on the controlled switching device at the second threshold.10-09-2008
20080278985BI-DIRECTIONAL HEMT/GaN HALF-BRIDGE CIRCUIT - A half-bridge circuit in accordance with an embodiment of the present application includes an input voltage terminal operable to receive an input voltage, a first bi-directional switch, a second bi-directional switch connected in series with the first bi-directional switch, wherein the first and second bi-directional switches are connected to the input voltage terminal such that the input voltage is provided across the first and second bi-directional switches and a controller operable to turn the first and second bi-directional switches ON and OFF such that a desired voltage is provided at an midpoint node positioned between the first bi-directional switch and the second bi-directional switch. The first bi-directional switch and the second bi-directional switch are high electron mobility transistors structured to allow for conduction in two directions when ON and to prevent conduction in any direction when OFF.11-13-2008
20120201066DUAL SWITCHING FREQUENCY HYBRID POWER CONVERTER - A dual switching frequency hybrid power converter comprising two different types of power switching element switching at two different frequencies is presented for DC-to-AC and AC-to-DC voltage conversion and for monophase or multi-phase devices with the aim of reducing considerably the conduction and switching losses of those power switching elements. The dual switching frequency hybrid power converter also enables a DC to DC voltage conversion as well as an AC to AC voltage conversion.08-09-2012
20100238692RECTIFIER WITH SIC BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTOR RECTIFYING ELEMENTS - A rectifier circuit can include an input circuit and first and second silicon carbide (SiC) bipolar junction transistors (BJTs). The input circuit is configured to respond to an alternating current (AC) input signal by generating a first pair of opposite polarity AC signals and a second pair of opposite polarity AC signals. The first pair of AC signals has a greater voltage range than the second pair of AC signals. The first and second SiC BJTs each include an input terminal connected to receive a different one of the second pair of opposite polarity AC signals, a base terminal connected to receive a different one of the first pair of opposite polarity AC signals, and an output terminal connected to a rectified signal output node of the rectifier circuit. The input circuit is further configured to control the first and second SiC BJTs through the first and second pairs of opposite polarity AC signals to forward bias the first SiC BJT while reverse biasing the second SiC BJT during a first half cycle of the AC input signal and to reverse bias the second SiC BJT while forward biasing the second SiC BJT during a second half cycle of the AC input signal.09-23-2010
20110134673AC-DC CONVERTER AND AC-DC CONVERSION METHOD - The present invention provides an AC-DC converter and AC-DC conversion method for converting an AC input provided by a power transfer winding. The AC-DC converter includes a rectifying means for rectifying the AC input into a rectified output, and a control means for controlling the rectifying means based on a comparison between a reference signal and a voltage feedback signal, the voltage feedback signal being based on the rectified output.06-09-2011
20110080760Rectifier driving circuit - A rectifier driving circuit of the present invention, has a first driving element and a second driving element, switching element comprises a FET, a first driving element comprises the voltage drop resistor, a second driving element comprises the series-connected circuit of the diodes, the driving element for driving a FET, may be achieved rectify function.04-07-2011
20110044082VOLTAGE SOURCE CONVERTER - A Voltage Source Converter having at least one phase leg connected to opposite poles of a direct voltage side of the converter and comprising a series connection of switching cells has an arrangement configured to apply a pressure to opposite ends of stacks of semiconductor assemblies for pressing the assemblies towards each other so as to obtain electric contact between semiconductor assemblies in said stack while ensuring that the semiconductor assemblies of a first path of each switching cell of the converter go into a permanently closed circuit state in case of a failure of the respective switching cell. A second path of each switching cell has means configured to keep said second path including an energy storing capacitor non-conducting upon occurrence of a said failure.02-24-2011
20110096578SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER - A synchronous rectification circuit for a power converter includes a power switch coupled to a transformer and an output capacitor and a switching control circuit configured to provide a control signal to the power switch in response to a first state and a second state of the voltage across the power switch. In the switching control circuit, the second state is determined prior to the first state is determined. In an embodiment, the switching control circuit includes a voltage comparing unit configured to act in response to the first and second inputs. The voltage comparing unit is also configured to output a logic signal according to the voltage difference between the sensed voltage drop across the power switch and a reference threshold voltage. A logic processing circuit is coupled to the voltage comparing unit and configured to provide the first state and the second state of the voltage across the power switch.04-28-2011
20110134675CURRENT-SOURCE POWER CONVERTER USING NORMALLY-ON FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS - The invention relates to a current-source power converter comprising, in its rectifier module (06-09-2011
20110134674Active rectifier and method for energy harvesting power management circuit - An active rectifier (06-09-2011
20100034001Converter with Short-Circuit Current Limiting - A device for inverting an electric current has at least one phase module which has an alternating current connection and at least one direct current connection. Semiconductor valves having semiconductor modules are connected in series and are provided for switching the electric current between the alternating current connection and each direct current connection. At least one power storage device is provided for storing electrical power. In order to provide such a device, with which the adverse effects of a bridging short circuit are reliably and effectively reduced, it is proposed that each semiconductor module has semiconductor groups connected in parallel to each other, wherein each semiconductor group of the semiconductor module is connected via its own separate semiconductor current path to at least one of the power storage devices.02-11-2010
20100110741MINIATURE HIGH VOLTAGE/CURRENT AC SWITCH USING LOW VOLTAGE SINGLE SUPPLY CONTROL - Embodiments of the invention pertain to a method and apparatus for planar wireless power transfer where the receiver switches off and/or performs a duty cycle. In an embodiment, the switch can be used in a system that having a high voltage/current solid state switch, without having a high voltage control signal. An embodiment provides a switch that is capable of breaking, or greatly reducing, the connection of the receiver coil and the receiver circuitry in order to enable the receiver to decouple from the power transfer system. This embodiment can allow the transmitter to put out more power to other devices without providing power to the switched device. When the switch is used for a fully charged device, the switching can prevent or reduce damage to the fully charged device.05-06-2010
20120307539Data and Power System Based on CMOS Bridge - A signal processing circuit is provided that includes a CMOS bridge rectifier circuit having a first input terminal and a second input terminal for receiving a rectangular wave form that includes a data sequence. A first output terminal and a second output terminal provides a rectified dc output voltage. A first data output terminal is connected to one of the first and the second input terminals, and a second data output terminal is connected to one of the first and the second output terminals, wherein the data output terminals provide an output signal representative of the data sequence. A substantially resistive load may be operatively coupled between the first and second voltage output terminals, the resistive load without a discrete parallel capacitor.12-06-2012
20120307538ENERGY SCAVENGING INTERFACE, METHOD FOR OPERATING THE ENERGY SCAVENGING INTERFACE, AND ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM COMPRISING THE ENERGY SCAVENGING INTERFACE - An energy scavenging interface has an input port receiving an electrical signal from a storage element of a transducer, and an output port supplying an output signal to an electrical load. The interface includes a first switch receiving the input signal; a second switch that supplying the output signal; and control logic configured to close the first switch and open the second switch for a first time interval having at least a first temporal duration and until current through the first switch reaches a threshold. A scaled copy of a peak value of current through the first switch is obtained during the first time interval. The control logic is further operable to open the first switch and close the second switch to supply current to the electrical load as long as the current of the output signal remains greater than the value of said scaled copy of the peak value.12-06-2012
20110305055ADAPTIVE SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUS - An adaptive synchronous rectification control circuit and a control method are developed. The control circuit comprises an adaptive circuit that generates a reference signal in response to a detection signal of a power converter. A clamped circuit clamps the reference signal at a threshold voltage if the reference signal equals or is greater than the threshold voltage. A switching circuit generates a control signal to control a synchronous switch of the power converter in response to the detection signal and the reference signal. The control method generates the reference signal in response to the detection signal. The reference signal is clamped at the threshold voltage if the reference signal equals or is greater than the threshold voltage. The method further generates the control signal to control the synchronous switch of the power converter in response to the detection signal and the reference signal.12-15-2011
20100103710LLC CONVERTER SYNCHRONOUS FET CONTROLLER AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF - A method for operating a power controller is provided. The method includes activating a rectifying FET upon a detection of an activation body diode conduction current occurring in the rectifying FET. The method generates an activation signal for a corresponding primary FET. The method further includes deactivating the corresponding rectifying FET upon a reception of a deactivation signal. The method further includes then deactivating the corresponding primary FET after delaying the deactivation signal, wherein the delay lessens a conduction time of a deactivation body current of the corresponding rectifying FET. The method further includes generating a deactivation signal and deactivating the corresponding rectifying FET upon a reception of the deactivation signal and deactivating the primary FET after delaying the deactivation signal. The delaying lessens a conduction time of a deactivation body current of the corresponding rectifying FET.04-29-2010
20110317460SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROL OF MULTIPHASE POWER CONVERTERS - A control system for controlling a multiphase power converter includes a current control module, a voltage control module and a current command selector. The current control module generates grid voltage command signals for the multiphase power converter and the voltage control module generates reference converter current command signals for the current control module. The current command selector supplies active and reactive current command signals from a supervisory controller to the current control module when the multiphase power converter is connected to the grid and supplies the reference converter current command signals to the current control module when the multiphase power converter is unconnected to the grid.12-29-2011
20100165686RECTIFIER CIRCUIT - A rectifier circuit for use in an energy harvesting application in which mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy by using an AC generator using an active rectifier bridge with a pair of input terminals adapted to be connected to an output of the AC generator and a pair of output terminals, an inductor connected across the output terminals of the active rectifier bridge and a storage capacitor. A pair of output switches selectively connects the storage capacitor across the inductor. A controller controls the active rectifier bridge and the pair of output switches such that in successive switching cycles within any half wave of AC input voltage from the output of the AC generator the inductor is first loaded by current from the output of the AC generator and then discharged into the storage capacitor. An energy harvesting system which uses an AC generator for generating electrical energy out of mechanical energy, a rectifier circuit which is connected with the input to the output of the AC generator and a low power wireless system as application unit. A method of rectifying an AC output voltage of an AC generator for use in an energy harvesting application.07-01-2010
20110075460THREE-PHASE LOW-LOSS RECTIFIER - A three-phase bridge rectifier circuit (TPBRC) connectable to an AC voltage source (03-31-2011
20120113700SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING HARMONIC DISTORTION IN ELECTRICAL CONVERTERS - Systems and methods are provided for delivering energy using an energy conversion module. An exemplary method for delivering energy from an input interface to an output interface using an energy conversion module coupled between the input interface and the output interface comprises the steps of determining an input voltage reference for the input interface based on a desired output voltage and a measured voltage at the output interface, determining a duty cycle control value based on a ratio of the input voltage reference and the measured voltage, operating one or more switching elements of the energy conversion module to deliver energy from the input interface to the output interface with a duty cycle influenced by the duty cycle control value.05-10-2012
20100165684POWER ADAPTER - A power adapter to receive at least one AC input power and transform to DC primary output power includes a power factor correction circuit to receive the AC input power and modulate to become a modulated power, an isolation voltage step-down circuit connecting to the power factor correction circuit to modulate the modulated power to a modulated lower voltage power, a switch voltage regulation circuit connecting to the isolation voltage step-down circuit to receive the modulated lower voltage power, and a voltage stabilization circuit connecting to the switch voltage regulation circuit. The switch voltage regulation circuit sets a determined output level and regulates the modulated lower voltage power to become a determined power at the determined output level. The voltage stabilization circuit modulates the determined power to become the primary output power and supplies the primary output power to a primary output end.07-01-2010
20120300520SWITCHING MODE POWER SUPPLY WITH SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFYING CONTROL CIRCUIT - A switching mode power supply comprising a synchronous rectifying control circuit. The synchronous rectifying control circuit comprising an integrating circuit, a first comparison circuit and a logic circuit. The integrating circuit is configured to provide an integrating signal. The first comparison circuit comprises a first input coupled to the output of the integrating signal, a second input configured to receive a first threshold signal, and an output. The logic circuit comprises a first input coupled to the output of the first comparison circuit and an output coupled to a control terminal of the secondary switch, and the secondary switch is configured to be turned OFF when the integrating signal is less then the first threshold signal.11-29-2012
20120300519MULTI-PHASE ACTIVE RECTIFIER - A multi-phase active rectifier includes a plurality of active switching devices selectively controlled to convert a plurality of alternating current (AC) input voltages to a direct current (DC) output voltage. Control of the active switching devices is provided by a controller that includes an outer control loop for regulating the DC output voltage to a desired value, and an inner current loop for shaping the AC line current. The outer control loop compares the DC output to a threshold value to generate an error value, and multiples the error value with the plurality of monitored AC input voltages to generate modified AC input voltages. An inner control loop compares the modified AC input voltages with monitored AC line current values to generate a plurality of difference signals used to selectively control the plurality of active switching devices.11-29-2012
20120206949System and Method for Converting AC Power to DC Power Using Sensorless Field Oriented Control - High voltage DC power, which is produced by rectifying AC power generated by an AC generator, is controlled and regulated without the need for measuring the position of the rotor with hardware. A Field oriented controller uses a sliding mode observer to estimate the position of the rotor without the use of position detection hardware. The estimated position of the rotor and the AC current are then used by the field oriented controller algorithm to regulate a DC output from a rectifier driven by an AC generator.08-16-2012
20090135635VOLTAGE CONVERTER, USAGE OF A VOLTAGE CONVERTER, METHOD FOR CONVERTING AN AC VOLTAGE INTO A DC VOLTAGE, AND CONTACTLESS CHIP CARD - The invention relates to a voltage converter comprising a rectification unit and a voltage regulation unit, wherein the input side of the voltage converter can have an AC voltage applied to it, the output side of the voltage converter can have a rectified voltage taken from it, and the voltage regulation unit regulates the power in the voltage converter.05-28-2009
20090135634Synchronous rectifier drive circuit - A synchronous rectifier drive circuit includes a primary side and a secondary side. The primary side has a first coil winding, a first MOSFET, an auxiliary MOSFET, an auxiliary capacitor, and an input power source. The secondary side has a second coil winding, a DC voltage source, a second MOSFET, a third MOSFET, a fourth MOSFET, a fifth MOSFET, and an inductor. The gate of the second MOSFET is connected with the source of the fourth MOSFET. The gate of the third MOSFET is connected with the source of the fifth MOSFET. The inductor has two ends, one of which is connected with the drain of the third MOSFET. Accordingly, the synchronous rectifier drive circuit can lessen the variation of pulse wave of the drive voltage and refrain the surge voltage to protect the electronic elements.05-28-2009
20110090725Systems and Methods of Synchronous Rectifier Control - Systems and methods for synchronous rectifier control are provided. A synchronous rectifier includes parasitic drain inductance and parasitic source inductance. Compensation inductance is introduced to offset the effects of parasitic inductance. Compensation inductance may be formed from the trace inductance on the semiconductor die. In certain semiconductor packages, the parasitic inductance may be substantially fixed such that the layout can be modified to generate fixed compensation inductance.04-21-2011
20100172165CURRENT CONTROLLED SHUNT REGULATOR - A current controlled shunt regulator uses logical OR gates and comparators corresponding to each field effect transistor (FET) shunt to redirect power to a neutral line whenever a controller indicates that power should be redirected, or whenever a phase voltage connected to the FET shunt is negative. The logical OR gate accepts inputs from the comparator and from the controller and outputs a control signal based on these inputs.07-08-2010
20120120699SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, NONCONTACT/CONTACT ELECTRONICS DEVICE USING THE SAME AND MOBILE TERMINAL - The semiconductor integrated circuit includes: a pair of antenna terminals; a rectifier; a source-voltage terminal; a shunt regulator; a series regulator. When the voltage of the inside source line rises to or above a first set voltage, the shunt regulator passes a pull-down current through a pull-down transistor. When the voltage of the inside source line drops to or below the second set voltage, the series regulator passes a pull-up current through a pull-up transistor. The first set voltage is set to be higher than the second set voltage in voltage level. With the semiconductor integrated circuit, the competition of actions of the two regulators is prevented. The semiconductor integrated circuit is arranged to work in contact and noncontact operation modes, and a stable source voltage can be supplied to an internal circuit thereof.05-17-2012
20100246229POWER SUPPLY MODULE - A power supply module is configured for converting an AC voltage to a first DC voltage and applying the first DC voltage to a load. The power supply module includes a rectifying and filtering unit, a PFC unit, a voltage transforming unit, an input port, and a switch unit. The rectifying and filtering unit rectifies the AC voltage into a primary DC voltage and filters the primary DC voltage. The PFC unit corrects a power factor of the filtered primary DC voltage. The voltage transforming unit converts the corrected primary DC voltage and generates the first DC voltage for applying the load. The input port receives a first instruction or a second instruction and generates a first signal or a second signal, respectively. The switch unit establishes or disconnects an electrical connection between the voltage transforming unit and the load according to the first signal or the second signal.09-30-2010
20100246228 POLY-PHASE AC/DC ACTIVE POWER CONVERTER - A three-phase AC/DC active power converter provides an H-bridge that is controlled by a DSP (digital signal processing) controller that places the H-bridge in a voltage-boost mode of operation when voltage of a DC-link capacitor maintained by the H-bridge is near than the voltage input from a three-phase power source. The voltage difference between the boosted DC-link voltage and the three-phase power source voltage provides a voltage potential thereby giving the control loops a possible gain value. The gain value provides loop stability to thereby prevent an inrush of electrical current into the power converter upon startup. The converter also allows harmonic distortion to be modified through wave shaping of the normally pure sinus conduction signal.09-30-2010
20120163055METHOD FOR REGULATING TEMPERATURE OF TRANSISTOR-BASED COMPONENT - A method of regulating temperature of a transistor-based component of a power system is disclosed. The method may include operating the power system to supply electric power to the transistor-based component and converting the electric power from direct current to alternating current, or alternating current to direct current, using the transistor-based component, thereby creating heat in the transistor-based component. The method may include outputting the electric power from the transistor-based component and supplying the electric power to an electrically-powered component to perform an output operation. The method may include controlling, during a predetermined system operating condition, one or more operations of a component associated with the power system to actively generate heat to thereby maintain the temperature of the transistor-based component higher than from the conversion of electric power that is performed to produce the electric power used to perform the output operation during the predetermined system operating condition.06-28-2012
20090080228INDUSTRIAL TRUCK WITH A CHARGER - Industrial truck with a charger, an asynchronous machine and a three-phase AC control unit which converts a DC voltage of a battery for the asynchronous machine, the charger having a switching power supply which is connected to the three-phase AC control unit via a transformer, the switching power supply, the three-phase AC control unit and the transformer forming a resonant converter, which converts a mains voltage into a charging voltage for the battery.03-26-2009
20120170338CONVERTER - A voltage source converter (07-05-2012
20120170339RECTIFIER CIRCUIT WITH A VOLTAGE SENSOR - A rectifier circuit with a synchronously controlled semiconductor element comprising at least one field effect transistor with a control electrode and two switching electrodes. The control electrode operates the reverse state and the forward state between the switching electrodes. For this, the rectifier circuit comprises at least one driver which cooperates with a voltage sensor of the field effect transistor. During the diode operating state of the field effect transistor, the driver operates this to the forward state. The voltage sensor thereby forms at least one part of a non-linear voltage divider which comprises at least one monolithically integrated measuring capacitance.07-05-2012
20120075896System and Method to Boost Voltage - A system and method are provided for increasing and maintaining voltage. A transformer's secondary windings are connected between the hot input line and the hot output line, and are not switched. The secondary windings may be in series for 220/230 Vrms, and in parallel for 120/127 Vrms. Alternatively, the transformer may be a single voltage type specifically for 230 V, 120 V, or any other voltage range. A microprocessor measures incoming voltage and controls an electronic switch on the primary windings side of the transformer to short circuit the primary windings when the transformer is not needed. When voltage boost is needed, the switch may be controlled to connect the primary windings to neutral. When the primary windings are switched to neutral, the secondary voltage adds to the incoming AC line voltage. There may be multiple taps on the primary windings selected by the microprocessor for providing differing boost levels at differing input voltage levels. The boosted voltage may be maintained at predetermined levels based upon the turns ratio of the transformer. There are several embodiments of electronic switches, including, but not limited to, a diode bridge circuit in conjunction with an IGBT device. Transformers with different current ratings and/or turns ratios may be removably connected with the system.03-29-2012
20120075897RECTIFIER CIRCUIT AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE USING THE SAME - An object is to provide a rectifier circuit of which the drop in the output voltage by the threshold voltage of a transistor used as a rectifier element is suppressed. Another object is to provide a rectifier circuit whose variations in the output voltage are suppressed even in the case where the amplitude of input AC voltage varies greatly. A transistor may be used as a rectifier element in such a way that a gate electrode of the transistor is connected to a second electrode of the transistor through a capacitor, and the potential of the gate electrode is held to be higher than the potential of the second electrode by a difference greater than or equal to the threshold voltage.03-29-2012
20120176827CONTROLLER FOR SECONDARY SIDE CONTROL OF A SWITCH, POWER CONVERTER, AND RELATED SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION CONTROL METHOD - A controller, power converter, and a related method for secondary side control of a switch are disclosed herein. An embodiment of the present invention includes a controller. The controller comprises a drain to source voltage (V07-12-2012
20100008118METHOD FOR OPERATING A CONVERTER AND CORRESPONDING APPARATUS - A method for operating a line-side fundamental-frequency-clocked converter is disclosed. The converters has a bridge circuit with, for example three, upper and, for example three, lower semiconductor switches, which are connected to respective positive and negative terminals of a DC link circuit. Center taps of connected pairs of the upper and lower semiconductor switches are connected to the line voltage phases. Two upper or two lower semiconductor switches are simultaneously activated during fundamental frequency operation for a predetermined time period before or after a natural trigger instant of the semiconductor switches caused by a line voltage angle. An estimated line voltage angle for clocking the semiconductor switches is tracked based on two phase currents measured while the two upper or two lower semiconductor switches are simultaneously active.01-14-2010
20100214809PWM RECTIFIER - Disclosed is a PWM rectifier in which switching losses in a semiconductor device are reduced without degrading the response of a control system. In a PWM overmodulation region, the modulation scheme is set to a three-phase modulation scheme. In other regions, a switchover condition such as the amplitude of an input current is acquired and compared with a switchover level. If the switchover condition equals or exceeds the switchover level, the modulation scheme is switched over to a modified two-phase modulation scheme which reduces the number of switching operations to two thirds for the same PWM frequency.08-26-2010
20100296324ELECTRONIC DRIVER CIRCUIT AND METHOD - The present invention relates to an electronic driver circuit and a corresponding method for supplying an electronic load (LED11-25-2010
20120257429TWO-STAGE SINGLE PHASE BI-DIRECTIONAL PWM POWER CONVERTER WITH DC LINK CAPACITOR REDUCTION - DC link capacitance in a bi-directional AC/DC power converter using a full-bridge or H-bridge switching circuit can be greatly reduced and the power density of the power converter correspondingly increased by inclusion of a bi-directional synchronous rectifier (SR) DC/DC converter as a second stage of the power converter and controlling the second stage with a control loop having a transfer function common to both buck and boost modes of operation of the bi-directional SR DC/DC converter and a resonant transfer function to increase gain at the ripple voltage frequency (twice the AC line frequency) to control the duty cycle of the switches of the bi-directional SR DC/DC stage and controlling the duty cycle of the switches of the full-bridge or H-bridge switching circuit using a control loop including a notch filter at the ripple voltage frequency.10-11-2012
20080298106Adaptive rectifier Architecture and method for switching regulators - An adjustable compensation offset voltage is applied to a comparator to vary turn-off timing of a synchronous rectifier. A comparator output indicates when current through an inductor coupled to the synchronous rectifier should be approaching zero. If the synchronous rectifier is turned off before the current through the inductor reaches zero, the compensation offset voltage is adjusted to delay the synchronous rectifier turn-off for the next switching cycle. If the synchronous rectifier is turned off after the current through the inductor reaches zero, the compensation offset voltage is adjusted to advance the synchronous rectifier turn-off for the next switching cycle. An up/down counter, in conjunction with a digital to analog converter, may be used to provide the adjustment to the compensation offset voltage. The adjustable compensation offset voltage improves the accuracy of synchronous rectifier turn-off in relation to a zero inductor current, thereby improving power converter efficiency.12-04-2008
20120262966AC/DC CONVERTER CIRCUIT - The invention relates to an AC/DC converter circuit (10-18-2012
20110038192CONVERTER CONTROL METHOD - A PI control section performs a PI control on a deviation which is a difference between a DC voltage command and a DC voltage, and outputs a d-axis current command value. A PI control section performs a PI control on a deviation which is a difference between the d-axis current command value and a d-axis current, and outputs a d-axis voltage command value. Based on the d-axis voltage command value and a q-axis voltage command value, a PWM control section outputs a switching control signal for controlling a switching operation of a converter. A voltage command computation section generates the DC voltage command based on the d-axis voltage command value.02-17-2011
20110235381ACTIVATION OF A SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER - A rectifier bridge circuit is described for rectifying the phase voltage generated by a generator, including a positive half-bridge having multiple rectifier elements and a negative half-bridge having multiple rectifier elements. The rectifier elements each have a controllable switch having a diode connected in parallel. A control circuit is provided for switching the switches on and off. The switch-on time t09-29-2011
20100091533MEMBER FOR A SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER BRIDGE, RELATED SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER BRIDGE AND USE THEREOF - The member for a synchronous rectifier bridge (04-15-2010
20120140538SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER BI-DIRECTIONAL CURRENT SENSOR - A method and apparatus for bi-directional current sensing for a synchronous rectifier bi-directional converter system is disclosed. A first current is measured through a first synchronous rectifier via a first transformer to provide a first signal. A second current is measured through a second force synchronous rectifier via a second transformer to provide a second signal. The first signal and the second signal are DC restored to provide a first DC restored signal and a second DC restored signal respectively. A first correction current is added to the first DC restored signal to produce a first corrected signal, and a second correction current is added to the second DC restored signal to produce a second corrected signal. The first corrected signal and the second corrected signal are added to produce a combined signal.06-07-2012
20130010511OUTPUT INDUCTOR VOLTAGE REGULATION - A power supply system and method are disclosed. The system includes a switching stage to provide an output current through an output inductor in response to a switching signal having a substantially fixed duty-cycle. The system also includes a load monitor to monitor a load of the power supply system. The system further includes a gate drive controller to generate the switching signal and to change operation of the switching stage from a normal operating mode to a light-load operating mode in response to the load being less than a predetermined threshold to substantially minimize a voltage across the output inductor in the light-load operating mode.01-10-2013
20130016546ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE AND ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION SYSTEMAANM MOUNTAIN; Stephen J.AACI DerbyAACO GBAAGP MOUNTAIN; Stephen J. Derby GB - An electrical system architecture, for example for an aircraft, including a generator driven by an engine of the aircraft to generate electrical energy, which is arranged for extracting the said electrical energy as an AC signal for supply to a system bus. The electrical system architecture also includes an active rectifier coupled to the system bus, that is adapted to rectify the AC signal to a DC signal for supply to a load in the system, and for controlling extraction of the said electrical energy by the generator. An electrical power generation system, including a generator, including a stator and a rotor, for converting mechanical power into alternating current electrical power by electromagnetic induction, and an active rectifier for converting the alternating current output of the generator into direct current electrical power is provided.01-17-2013
20110157947MULTI-OUTPUT BUCK CONVERTING APPARATUS WITH CONTROLLABLE ENERGY-RELEASING FUNCTION - A multi-output buck converting apparatus with a controllable energy-releasing function includes a main buck converter and at least one auxiliary buck converter to provide multi-output voltages. The multi-output buck converting apparatus further includes an energy releasing unit and an abnormal voltage signal generating unit. The abnormal voltage signal generating unit generates a control signal to control a switch device of the energy releasing unit when the multi-output buck converting apparatus shuts down. Therefore, the energy, which is stored in the auxiliary buck converter, can be released through the energy releasing unit so as to avoid returning the energy to the main buck converter and rebounding a main output voltage.06-30-2011
20110157946MULTI-OUTPUT BUCK CONVERTING APPARATUS WITH SHUTDOWN PROTECTION - A multi-output buck converting apparatus with a shutdown protection includes a main buck converter and at least one auxiliary buck converter to provide multi-output voltages. The multi-output buck converting apparatus further includes an abnormal voltage signal generating unit. The abnormal voltage signal generating unit generates a control signal to control switch devices of the auxiliary buck converter when the multi-output buck converting apparatus shuts down. Therefore, the stored energy in the auxiliary buck converter can be released through internal loops or external loops with connected operational loads so as to avoid the recovering energy rebounding a main output voltage of the main buck converter.06-30-2011
20110157945Synchronous Rectifier Circuit - A synchronous rectifier circuit rectifies an AC input voltage to produce a DC output voltage. The synchronous rectifier circuit comprises MOSFET switches coupled within the secondary transformer windings resulting in a shortened AC current path compared to conventional synchronous rectifier circuits. The shortened current path mitigates skin and proximity effects, substantially improving the power efficiency of the synchronous rectifier circuit. A rectifier assembly integrates one or more synchronous rectifier circuit within a magnetic core.06-30-2011
20110157944TEMPERATURE MONITORING FOR CIRCUIT BREAKERS - Method for detecting and/or monitoring the temperatures of at least two electronic power switches, in particular semi-conductor power switches that are coupled with or arranged on a common cooling body, whereby a temperature detection and/or monitoring is carried out by means of a temperature model each allocated to a switch, in which switch and operating parameters as well as temperature measurement values are processed for calculating the temperature and/or a temperature difference in the relevant switch, whereby a temperature measurement value from a temperature sensor is used as an input parameter for the temperature model, the same being centrally positioned between at least two switches and standing in a heat conducting connection with the cooling body.06-30-2011
20080239774Synchronous rectifier control for synchronous boost converter - A synchronous boost DC/DC conversion system comprises an input for receiving a DC input voltage, an output for producing a DC output voltage, a power switch controllable to adjust an output signal of the conversion system, and an inductor coupled to the input. A synchronous rectifier is configurable to create a conduction path between the inductor and the output to provide the inductor discharge. A control circuit is provided for controlling the synchronous rectifier as the input voltage approaches the output voltage, so as to adjust average impedance of the conduction path over a discharge period of the inductor.10-02-2008
20080232146Efficient Power Supplies and Methods for Creating Such - Various embodiments of the present invention provide rectifier controllers, power supplies and methods for operating such. As one example, a rectifier controller circuit is disclosed that includes a transistor, a phase locked loop circuit, a period counter and a combinational logic circuit. One leg of the transistor is electrically coupled to a switch node of a power supply, and is in parallel to a diode of the power supply. The phase locked loop circuit receives a signal representing a voltage at the switch node, and is operable to synchronize to a period of the signal representing the voltage at the switch node. The period counter divides the period of the signal representing the voltage at the switch node into segments. The combinational logic circuit is operable to turn the transistor on an assertion delay period after a first transition of the signal representing the voltage at the switch node, and to turn the transistor off before a second transition of the signal representing the voltage at the switch node based on the period counter.09-25-2008
20080225565VEHICLE ELECTRIC-POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS - The objective of the present invention is to obtain a vehicle electric-power conversion apparatus in which high-efficiency rectification operation can be realized, by detecting in real time a change, due to a fluctuation in a load, in a phase at which a switching element is turned on/off and by changing the phase at which the switching element is turned on/off, in response to the change. A diode-on timing and a diode-off timing corresponding to the diode conduction state of a diode connected in parallel with a switching element are detected; the values of rotor-position signals corresponding to the timings are sequentially stored; based on the stored values of rotor-position signals, a switching-element-on timing and a switching-element-off timing are calculated; and based on the timings, a gate command signal for the switching element is created.09-18-2008
20130094263POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - A power supply device includes an input connector, an alternating current (AC)/direct current (DC) converter, a plurality of voltage converters, and a plurality of output connectors corresponding to the voltage converters. The input connector is electrically connected to a power supply. The AC/DC converter converts an AC electric potential provided by the power supply to a DC electric potential, and the voltage converters convert the DC electric potential generated by the AC/DC converter to DC electric potentials having predetermined effective values and output the DC electric potentials from the output connectors, respectively.04-18-2013
20130094264STATIC VAR COMPENSATOR WITH MULTILEVEL CONVERTER - A static synchronous compensator for use in reactive power compensation, the static synchronous compensator comprising at least one primary compensator limb including first and second DC terminals, and an AC terminal for connection in use to an AC network, the or each primary compensator limb defining first and second limb portions, each limb portion-including at least one switching element connected in series with a chain-link converter-between a respective one of the first and second DC terminate and the AC terminal, the switching elements of the first and second limb portions being operable to switch the respective chain-link converters in and out of circuit between the respective DC terminal and the AC terminal and the chain-link converters being operable to generate a voltage waveform at the AC terminal; and a secondary compensator limb including at least one DC link capacitor connected between the first and second DC terminals, the secondary compensator limb being connected in parallel with the or each primary compensator limb.04-18-2013
20130128642Signal Level Detector and Method Thereof - A signal level detector and detecting method are provided. In one implementation a method includes receiving a differential input signal; incorporating two configurable rectifiers of the same circuit topology; configuring a first one of the two configurable rectifiers as a inverting rectifier to generate an inverting end of an output signal in response to an absolute value of the differential input signal; and configuring a second one of the two configurable rectifiers as a non-inverting rectifier to generate a non-inverting end of the output signal.05-23-2013
20110216566SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - In a rectifier circuit, by using a transistor whose off-state current is small as a so-called diode-connected MOS transistor included in the rectifier circuit, breakdown which is caused when a reverse bias is applied is prevented. Thus, an object is to provide a rectifier circuit whose reliability is increased and rectification efficiency is improved. A gate and a drain of a transistor are both connected to a terminal of the rectifier circuit to which an AC signal is input. In the transistor, an oxide semiconductor is used for a channel formation region and the off-state current at room temperature is less than or equal to 1009-08-2011
20110242865Self-powered Active Rectifier Circuit and Related Method of Operation for Photovoltaic Solar Power Arrays - The active rectifier circuit and related method of operation disclosed herein is self-powered and improves the efficiency and reliability of photovoltaic solar power systems by replacing the conventional bypass and blocking rectifiers used in such systems. The circuit includes a power MOSFET used as a switch between the anode and cathode terminals, and control circuitry that turns on the MOSFET when the anode voltage is greater than the cathode voltage. The method of operation utilizes resonance to produce a large periodic voltage waveform from the small anode-to-cathode dc voltage drop, and then converts the period voltage waveform to a dc voltage to drive the gate of the power MOSFET.10-06-2011
20110235380POWER CONVERSION - Exemplary embodiments are directed to power conversion. A device may include a controllable switch coupled between an AC network and a DC network. The device may further include control circuitry configured to modify a configuration of the switch based on a detected difference between a reference signal and an output signal at the DC network.09-29-2011
20120020135AC/DC Power Conversion Methods and Apparatus - An AC/DC converter that converts an AC input voltage Vin to a DC output voltage comprises an inductor, a capacitor selectively coupled to the inductor, a plurality of switches, and a controller. The controller configures the plurality of switches, inductor, and capacitor to operate as a buck converter during times when Vin>Vout and to operate as an inverting buck converter during times when Vin<−Vout. The controller modulates the duty cycles of the plurality of switches to regulate the DC output voltage Vout to the desired, constant output level.01-26-2012
20120069617Switching Power Converters and Controllers Having Auxiliary Power Circuits - Switching device controllers, drive circuits, power converters and related methods are disclosed. One example controller for a switching device includes a drive circuit for controlling the switching device and an auxiliary circuit coupled to the drive circuit. The auxiliary circuit includes an input for receiving a waveform having alternating first and second intervals. The auxiliary circuit is configured to energize the drive circuit during the first intervals and de-energize the drive circuit during the second intervals. One example method of energizing and de-energizing a drive circuit for a switching device includes receiving a waveform having alternating first and second intervals, energizing the drive circuit during the first intervals, and de-energizing the drive circuit during the second intervals.03-22-2012

Patent applications in class Transistor