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For resonant-type converter

Subclass of:

363 - Electric power conversion systems

363013000 - CURRENT CONVERSION

363015000 - Including D.C.-A.C.-D.C. converter

363016000 - Having transistorized inverter

363020000 - Single-ended, separately-driven type

363210010 - With automatic control of the magnitude of output voltage or current

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
363210030 Having particular zero-switching control circuit (e.g., for quasi-resonant converter, etc.) 27
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20090196074Resonant Converter - A resonant converter includes a square wave generator including a first switch and a second switch, and generating a first square wave corresponding to an input voltage by alternately turning on/off the first and second switches; a resonator including a first coil of a primary coil of a transformer, and generating a resonance waveform corresponding to the first square wave; and an output unit including a second coil of a secondary coil of the transformer, and outputting a voltage corresponding to a current generated in the second coil corresponding to the resonance waveform. The square wave generator includes a pulse frequency modulation controller for turning on/off the first and second switches, comparing a first voltage linearly increased while the second switch maintains the turn-on state and a second voltage corresponding to an integration value on the time of the current flowing to the second switch when the second switch is turned off, and changing on/off drive frequencies of the first and second switches according to a comparison result. Therefore, a resonant converter driven with safety is realized.08-06-2009
20130077356DC-DC CONVERTERS - A DC-DC converter includes a waveform generator that generates an output waveform for the DC-DC converter based on a DC input voltage. A rectifier rectifies the output waveform from the waveform generator to generate a rectified voltage for the DC-DC converter. A tank circuit having an inductor and a capacitor can be configured to have a resonant frequency that is correlated with a frequency of the output waveform, wherein the capacitor of the tank circuit also functions as a filter for the DC-DC converter.03-28-2013
20100046251MULTIPLE-OUTPUT SWITCHING POWER SOURCE APPARATUS - A multiple-output switching power source apparatus has a series resonant circuit connected in parallel with a switch Q02-25-2010
20090284990VOLTAGE-CONVERTER CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR CLOCKED SUPPLY OF ENERGY TO AN ENERGY STORAGE - The present invention provides a voltage converter circuit for the clocked supplying of energy to an energy storage, based on an input voltage present at an input of the voltage converter circuit. The voltage converter circuit comprises an energy storage and a switch assembly, the switch assembly comprising a first switch and a second switch connected in parallel and coupled to the energy storage. The first switch of the switch assembly exhibits, according to magnitude, a smaller turn-on voltage than the second switch, wherein a control terminal of the first switch is switched such that the first switch is active in a starting phase of the voltage converter circuit in order to supply the energy storage with energy, and wherein a control terminal of the second switch is switched such that the second switch is active after the starting phase in order to supply the energy storage with energy in a clocked manner.11-19-2009
20130083564RESONANT POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS - A resonant power conversion apparatus including a transformer-based resonant converter and first and second switch control units is provided. The transformer-based resonant converter includes a primary switch circuit and a secondary output circuit configured to provide an output voltage to a load. The first switch control unit is configured to control an ON/OFF operation of the primary switch circuit in response to a status of the load. The second switch control unit is configured to determine whether to activate or inactivate the first switch control unit. When the status of the load is the light-loading or the no-loading, the first switch control unit intermittently controls the ON/OFF operation of the primary switch circuit, and meanwhile, the first switch control unit is inactivated during the primary switch circuit is disabled, so as to substantially reduce the light-loading or no-loading loss of the resonant power conversion apparatus.04-04-2013
20100328967RESONANT POWER CONVERTER - A resonant power converter including synchronous rectifiers adapted to operate with an overlapping conduction phase and a fixed frequency.12-30-2010
20110007526FREQUENCY LIMITATION METHOD WITH TIME HYSTERESIS USED IN QUASI-RESONANT CONTROL - A frequency limitation method used in quasi-resonant control of a switching regulator is disclosed. The switching frequency is limited through setting a minimum time limit, such as a minimum switching period or a minimum OFF time. The minimum time limit may be a first time limit or a second time limit. The minimum time limit is changed into another value if the minimum voltage point approaches the minimum time limit point, so as to eliminate the audible noise.01-13-2011
20130058135Adaptive Driver Delay Compensation - Peak current in a switching converter is controlled using a closed loop to compensate for error caused by delay time in the switching transistor and control logic. A reference value is established that represents a target current value. A compensated reference value is derived from the reference value by the closed loop. A periodic inductor current is formed in the switching converter in response to the compensated reference value. An error signal is formed that is indicative of an amount of time the inductor current exceeds the target current value. The compensated reference value is dynamically adjusted by the compensation closed loop to minimize the error signal.03-07-2013
20130163290POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS - There is provided an LLC type power supply apparatus for controlling switching of a secondary side rectifier based on primary side current, particularly, controlling switching of the secondary-side rectifier based on primary side resonance current and magnetizing current. The power supply apparatus includes: a switching unit switching input power; a transformer unit transforming the switched power from the switching unit; a rectifying unit including a rectifier turned on and turned off in response to a control signal to rectify the transformed power; a controlling unit controlling the switching of the switching unit, based on an output power of the rectifying unit; and a switching controlling unit controlling turning-on and turning-off of the rectifier of the rectifying unit, based on current flowing in the transformer unit.06-27-2013
20110280047Switching power adaptor circuit - An improved structure for a switching power adaptor circuit, primarily providing a switching power adaptor circuit for a RCC (Ringing Choke Converter) system, in which a control circuit is mainly structured from a bipolar junction transistor, a stable voltage sensing circuit, an over current protection circuit and an over voltage protection circuit, thereby providing the present invention with multiple protection effectiveness, which is able to ensure that the voltage at secondary winding output terminals is maintained at a stable value, thus improving safety in the use of electrical appliance products, and achieving effectiveness to reduce size and lower manufacturing costs.11-17-2011
20110299303Inverter of new and renewable energy storage system - Provided is an inverter of a renewable energy storage system, which has an input port and an output port electrically insulated, and is compact and low-priced, while having a simplified circuit. The inverter includes a DC-DC converting unit connected to the DC link, and an inverting unit connected between the DC-DC converting unit and the power system, wherein the DC-DC converting unit is an unregulated DC-DC bus converter.12-08-2011
20110292689DRIVING CIRCUIT FOR POWER SWITCHING DEVICE, DRIVING METHOD THEREOF, AND SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS - A driving circuit includes a generator configured to generate a driving signal having plural levels of voltage at which a power switching device is turned on. The driving circuit also includes a switching controller configured to switch between the plural levels of voltage at which the power switching device is turned on. The driving circuit further includes a load current detector configured to output a load current detection signal to the switching controller, the load current detection signal indicating whether or not a current flowing through the power switching device exceeds a threshold, wherein the switching controller is configured to perform the switching based on the load current detection.12-01-2011
20110292688RESONANT CONVERSION SYSTEM WITH OVER-CURRENT PROTECTION PROCESSES - A resonant conversion system is provided, in which a resonant converter receives an input voltage to generate an output voltage, and a buck converter provides the input voltage of the resonant converter, and controls the input voltage to perform an over-current protection process.12-01-2011
20090154200CONTROLLER CIRCUIT AND SYSTEM HAVING SUCH A CONTROLLER CIRCUIT - A controller circuit is specified, having a step-up controller, a resonant converter connected downstream of the step-up controller on the output side, a transformer, a rectifier, which rectifier is connected to the secondary winding of the transformer on the input side, and a CLL resonant circuit connected to the resonant converter and to the primary winding of the transformer, which CLL resonant circuit has a resonance capacitance and a first and a second resonance inductance. In order to reduce the switching losses, the CLL resonant circuit is embodied as a “T” circuit.06-18-2009
20080239762Forward power converter controllers - This invention relates to control techniques and controllers for resonant discontinuous forward power converters (RDFCs).10-02-2008
20110149607Controller for a Power Converter - A power converter employing a controller configured to increase a dead time between conduction periods of first and second power switches therein and method of operating the same. In one embodiment, the power converter includes first and second power switches coupled to an input thereof, and a sensor configured to provide a sensed signal representative of at least one of a current level and a power level of the power converter. The power converter also includes a controller configured to increase a dead time between conduction periods of the first and second power switches when the sensed signal indicates a decrease of at least one of the current level and the power level of the power converter.06-23-2011
20120294047Resonant Converter - A resonant converter includes first and second input terminals for applying an input voltage and first and second output terminals for providing an output voltage. A transformer includes a primary winding and a secondary winding, where both the primary winding and the secondary winding have a first and a second terminal. A series resonant circuit includes a capacitive element and the primary winding of the transformer. A switching circuit is connected between the input terminals and the series resonant circuit. A rectifier circuit is connected between the secondary winding and the output terminals. A clamping circuit is connected between one of the first and second terminals of the primary winding and the input terminals.11-22-2012
20120106207RESONANT TRANSFORMER AND RESONANT CONVERTER EMPLOYING SAME - A resonant transformer and resonant converter are disclosed. The resonant transformer includes a first bobbin, a first primary winding coil, plural first secondary winding coils, a second bobbin, a second primary winding coil, plural second secondary winding coils and a magnetic core assembly. The first bobbin includes a first winding section and plural single-trough second winding sections. Plural pins are arranged at the first winding section. The first primary winding coil is wound around the first winding section and connected with the pins. The first secondary winding coils are wound around respective single-trough second winding sections. The second bobbin includes a third winding section and plural single-trough fourth winding sections. The second primary winding coil are wound around the third winding section and connected with the pins at the first winding section of the first bobbin. The second secondary winding coils are wound around respective single-trough fourth winding sections.05-03-2012
20120106206POWER SUPPLY WITH SINGLE STAGE CONVERTER FOR PERFORMING POWER FACTOR CORRECTION AND RESONANT CONVERSION - The invention discloses a power supply having a single stage converter for performing power factor correction to reduce high-frequency harmonics in the input current and performing resonant conversion to achieve zero-voltage switching or zero-current switching for power conversion. The inventive single stage converter includes a switching circuit, a resonant circuit, a power control circuit, and a square wave generator. The switching circuit includes at least one switch and the resonant circuit includes a LLC resonant tank. The power control circuit includes a proportional differential circuit such as a power amplifier configured in a negative feedback topology, and the square wave generator is configured to generate driving signals based on the frequency modulation control signal generated by the comparison of the sensed input current and a user-defined power level input, thereby allowing the square wave generator to regulate the switching operation of the switching circuit.05-03-2012
20090284991Switching power supply - A switching power supply includes a control circuit controlling ON and OFF of switching devices Q11-19-2009
20100103704CONTROL DEVICE FOR RECTIFIERS OF SWITCHING CONVERTERS - A control device for a rectifier of a switching converter, the converter powered by an input voltage and suitable for providing an output current. The rectifier is suitable for rectifying an output current of the converter and includes at least one transistor. The control device is suitable for driving the at least one transistor. The control device has a first circuit suitable for identifying the start and the end of every converter switching half-cycle and measuring the duration thereof, a second circuit suitable for generating a signal for turning on the transistor after a given number of measured converter switching half-cycles and when the output current of the converter becomes greater than a reference current.04-29-2010
20100061123TWO TERMINALS QUASI RESONANT TANK CIRCUIT - A power converter includes a transformer, a primary switch, an auxiliary switch, first and second resonance capacitors, and a secondary side rectification means. A switch mode power supply is formed to use reflected voltage and parasitic capacitance as an energy source for a transformer resonance. The auxiliary switch effectively exchanges energy between the primary inductance of the transformer and the first and second resonant capacitors. The auxiliary switch effectively switches the transformer resonance between two distinct frequencies. In one embodiment of the invention, the power converter can be, but is not limited to, a flyback converter and further includes a comparator and a driver. The comparator is for detecting the voltage across the second resonance capacitor and the driver is configured to drive the auxiliary switch based on the output state of the comparator. The resonant nature of the converter provides zero voltage (ZVS) for the primary switch as well as for the auxiliary switch.03-11-2010
20080239761Forward power converter controllers - This invention relates to control techniques and controllers for resonant discontinuous forward power converters (RDFCs).10-02-2008
20110205761Controller for a Resonant Power Converter - This invention relates to circuits and methods for controlling a resonant power converter. Control of the power converter may comprise comparing an output voltage or current of the converter to at least one reference voltage or current; enabling primary side switching signals based on a first selected result of the comparison; and disabling primary side switching signals based on a second selected result of the comparison; wherein a primary side switching signal for each primary side switch includes at least one off-on-off transition.08-25-2011
20120033453Controller for a Resonant Switched-Mode Power Converter - In accordance with an embodiment, a switch controller for a switched-mode power supply includes an oscillator, an advance timing generator, and a dead zone generator. The advance timing generator generates an advance timing output pulse having a first pulse width that is asserted when the oscillator reaches a first phase. The dead zone generator produces a dead zone output having a second pulse width when the advance timing output pulse is de-asserted. This dead zone output pulse is coupled to a freeze input of the oscillator that freezes the phase accumulation of the oscillator when asserted. The controller also has a primary switch logic circuit that produces primary switch drive signals having a dead zone coincident with the dead zone output, and a secondary switch logic circuit that generates a secondary switch drive signal that is de-asserted when the advance timing output pulse becomes asserted.02-09-2012
20110007527MULTI-PHASE SWITCHING POWER CONVERSION CIRCUIT - A multi-phase switching power conversion circuit has at least three phases and includes a plurality of switching circuits, a plurality of transformers, a plurality of output rectifier circuits, a resonant network and a control circuit. The resonant network includes a plurality of symmetrical terminals and a plurality of phase branches, which are connected in a multi-phase symmetrical relationship. Each of the symmetrical terminals is connected to the output side of respective switching circuits. The phase branches are connected to a resonant common terminal such that the phase branches are in a star connection. The resonant common terminal is different from the positive terminal and the first reference terminal of the input voltage source. The control circuit is connected to an output terminal of the multi-phase switching power conversion circuit and a plurality of the control terminals of the plurality of switching circuits. The switching circuits are conducted or shut off according to the output voltage under control of the control circuit, so that the electrical energy of the input voltage source is selectively transmitted to the resonant network.01-13-2011
20080291702SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS - In a switching power supply apparatus, an inductor, a transformer, a first switching circuit, a second switching circuit, and a capacitor are connected to each other so that a first switching element and a second switching element can be alternately turned on and off, an output can be obtained from a secondary winding of the transformer, and an output voltage can be controlled by controlling the ON period of the first switching element. The secondary winding of the transformer is connected to a first rectifying and smoothing circuit. A first control circuit is configured to operate using a DC voltage supplied from a second rectifying and smoothing circuit. After the second switching element has been turned on, the second switching element is forcefully turned off at a predetermined time set by a turn-off circuit included in a second control circuit that operates using an AC voltage.11-27-2008
20090290389SERIES RESONANT CONVERTER - A series resonant converter of the present invention includes an inverter circuit having at least a pair of a first and second switching device connected between two input terminals, a transformer having a primary winding and a secondary winding connected to the inverter circuit, a first and second resonant capacitor connected to a secondary side of the transformer and connected in series to each other between two output terminals, a first and second unidirectional device connected in series to each other, and a resonant induction device that is operated along with the first and second resonant capacitor and resonates in series. The first and second unidirectional device are configured such that current does not flow from the first and second resonant capacitor to the input terminal by preventing electric charge of the first and second resonant capacitor from being discharged to a primary side of the transformer.11-26-2009
20100142229Switching power source device and switching power source control circuit - A switching power source device which has main switch elements which switch a current path of the series resonant circuit, and a transformer which induces a current to a secondary side, controls the main switch elements on a primary side. Synchronous rectification switch elements are turned ON and OFF in response to one of the main switch elements. A synchronous control circuit which turns the synchronous rectification switch element ON in synchronization with an ON timing of the main switch element, or a conduction timing of internal diodes in the synchronous rectification switch elements detected by an inter-terminal voltage signal of the synchronous rectification switch element, whichever timing is later, determines a maximum ON width of the synchronous rectification switch element in accordance with a delay time of the conduction timing of the internal diodes with respect to the ON timing of the main switch element.06-10-2010
20120069606VERY HIGH FREQUENCY SWITCHING CELL-BASED POWER CONVERTER - In an aspect, the present invention provides a high frequency switching power converter. The high frequency switching power converter may include a plurality of soft-switchable power cells flexibly connected to receive an input signal in series and provide an output. The high frequency switching power converter may further include a controller for configuring the flexible connection and for controlling the power cells to receive the input signal. In an embodiment, each of the plurality of power cells may be separately controllable by the controller. Further, a portion of the plurality of power cells may be arranged with parallel outputs. Additionally, at least one of the plurality of cells may include one or more switched capacitors. In another embodiment, the at least one of the plurality of cells may include at least one switched capacitor and a DC/DC regulating converter.03-22-2012
20120033451CONVERTER - A converter includes a rectifying circuit of an AC voltage of an AC power source into a rectified voltage, an input smoothing capacitor Ci, a first series circuit connected to the input smoothing capacitor and including a first and a second switching elements, a second series circuit connected to a connection point of the first and second switching elements and a first end of the input smoothing capacitor and including a primary winding of a transformer and a first capacitor Cri, a controller to alternately turn on/off the first and second switching elements, a rectifying-smoothing circuit (D02-09-2012
20080316776RESONANT-TYPE SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - There is provided a switching power supply device having one half-wave rectifying circuit made up of switching elements complementarily turned on or off, a reactor, a current resonance capacitor, a transformer, and a rectifying diode and another half-wave rectifying circuit made up of switching elements complementarily turned on or off, a reactor, a current resonance capacitor, a transformer, and a rectifying diode and configured so that the half-wave rectifying circuits commonly charges a smoothing capacitor. The switching elements are turned on or off according to a voltage of the smoothing capacitor and other switching elements are turned on or off based on a difference between a charging voltage of the current resonance capacitor and a charging voltage of the current resonance capacitor. As a result, power energy fed from the half-wave rectifying circuits connected in parallel is made equal.12-25-2008
20130121036RESONANT CONVERTING CIRCUIT AND RESONANT CONTROLLER - The resonant converting circuit comprises a resonant circuit, a current detecting circuit and the resonant controller. The resonant controller controls a power conversion of the resonant circuit for converting an input voltage into an output voltage and the resonant controller comprises an over current judgment unit and an over current protection unit. The over current judgment unit determines whether the resonant current is higher than an over current value according to a current detecting signal generated by the current detecting circuit. The over current protection unit generates a protection signal in response to a determined result of the over current judgment unit and an indication signal indicative of an operating state of the resonant controller. The resonant controller executes a corresponding protecting process in response to the protection signal.05-16-2013
20100124079OFFLINE SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER WITH CAUSAL CIRCUIT FOR RESONANT SWITCHING POWER CONVERTER - A synchronous rectifier of a resonant switching power converter is provided to improve efficiency. The synchronous rectifier includes a power transistor and a diode connected to a transformer and an output of the resonant switching power converter for ratifications. A controller generates a drive signal to control the power transistor in response to an on signal and an off signal. A causal circuit is developed to generate the off signal in accordance with the on signal. The on signal is enabled once the diode is forward biased. The on signal is coupled to enable the drive signal for switching on the power transistor. The off signal is coupled to disable the drive signal for switching off the power transistor. The off signal is enabled before the on signal is disabled.05-20-2010
20110228566Series resonant converter with overload delay and short-circuit protection mechanisms - The present invention is to provide a series resonant converter with an overload delay and short-circuit protection mechanism, which includes a voltage sensing circuit for sensing a voltage ripple level on a primary side of a transformer thereof, that corresponds to a load on a secondary side of the transformer, and generating and sending a DC detection level to an overload delay circuit and a short-circuit protection circuit thereof accordingly. The overload delay circuit and the short-circuit protection circuit are able control the converter through a resonant controller chip to output different currents according to magnitude of the load on the secondary side and maintain stable operation for a predetermined delay time even if the secondary side is overloaded, however, once the secondary side is short-circuited, the converter is turned off instantly. Thus, the converter is effectively prevented from damage which may otherwise result from sustained overload or short circuit.09-22-2011
20120033452DC/DC CONVERTER - The present invention relates to a DC/DC converter (02-09-2012
20090251929Convertor and Driving Method Thereof - A converter and a driving method thereof are provided. The converter includes first and second switches, and generates a square wave signal according to operations of the first and second switches. The converter includes a first capacitor and a primary coil, and resonates a driving voltage by using a driving voltage with the first capacitor and the primary coil so as to generate a driving current. The converter includes a secondary coil that forms the primary coil and the transformer, and generates output power by rectifying a current and a voltage generated in the secondary coil. In addition, the converter detects the phase of the driving current, and increases switching frequencies of the first and second switches if a phase difference of the phase of the driving current and that of the driving voltage is smaller than a predetermined value.10-08-2009
20100177537POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT AND POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM - To provide a power supply circuit which can be applied worldwide without using a high withstand voltage switching element and can supply a load device with stable power. A charging section is arranged between a turn-off capacitor and a load coil. The charging section has the anode connected to the positive terminal of a feedback coil and the cathode connected to the cathode of a zener diode. Thus, when a voltage of a commercial power supply is high, the charging section operates, the turn-off capacitor is quickly charged, an on-period of a transistor is shortened, and an excessive voltage is prevented from being applied between the drain and the source of the transistor. At the same time, an output characteristic indicating relationship between the voltage of the commercial power supply and a current flowing in the load device is permitted to be flat.07-15-2010
20100188870CHARGE MODE CONTROL - An apparatus and a method for converting power from a power input to an DC output voltage or current, which apparatus has a serial resonance converter, where a first feedback circuit is connected from the output terminal to an error amplifier, where the apparatus further has a second feedback circuit with at least one first resistor that is connected to a coil and to ground, which second feed back circuit connects the line between the first resistor and the coil and towards an inverting integrator, the output of which is connected through a second capacitor to a second input at a control circuit. As a result, the oscillating frequency is under influence of a signal that depends on the voltage generated in the resistor connected in serial to the coil or transformer.07-29-2010
20100182803RESONANT CONVERTER EQUIPPED WITH A PHASE SHIFTING OUTPUT CIRCUIT - A resonant converter equipped with a phase shifting output circuit includes a resonant circuit to receive input power and regulate to become at least one resonant power, a switch unit to switch an ON period for the input power to pass through the resonant circuit and a power transformation circuit to regulate the resonant power and output a transformed power. The resonant converter further has a primary output circuit and at least one secondary output circuit. The primary output circuit regulates the transformed power to become a primary output power. A resonant control unit captures a feedback signal from the primary output circuit and generates a resonant control signal. A phase shifting control unit receives the resonant control signal and regulate to become a phase shifting driving signal. The secondary output circuit is controlled by the phase shifting driving signal and provides a secondary output power.07-22-2010
20100182805SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY - A plurality of power supply circuits Z07-22-2010
20100259954METHOD AND CIRCUIT FOR AVOIDING HARD SWITCHING IN RESONANT CONVERTERS - A resonant dc-dc converter converts dc input voltage to a dc output voltage. The converter includes switching, switching driving, conversion, and disabling circuits. The switching circuit receives the input voltage and generates a square wave voltage oscillating between the input voltage and a low value, at a frequency with a duty cycle. The switching driving circuit drives the switching circuit and includes a timing circuit for setting the frequency and the duty cycle. The timing circuit sets the value of the duty cycle to about 50% when the converter operates in steady state. The conversion circuit generates the output voltage from the square wave voltage based on the frequency and the duty cycle. The disabling circuit temporarily halts the timing circuit after a power on in such a way to temporarily vary the duty cycle of the square wave voltage during a period of the square wave voltage.10-14-2010
20110002145METHOD OF OPERATING A RESONANT POWER CONVERTER AND A CONTROLLER THEREFOR - A method of operating a resonant power converter(01-06-2011
20110249473RESONANT CONVERTING DEVICE, AND CONTROL MODULE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A RESONANT CONVERTER - A method for controlling operation of a resonant converter is to be implemented by a control module that generates a drive signal for controlling a power switch of the resonant converter to thereby control an output voltage and an output current provided by the resonant converter to a load. The method includes: (A) configuring the control module to determine if the load is operating in a first mode or a second mode; (B) configuring the control module to generate the drive signal according to the output voltage when the control module determines that the load is operating in the first mode; and (C) configuring the control module to generate the drive signal according to the output current when the control module determines that the load is operating in the second mode.10-13-2011
20110026275VOLTAGE-REGULATING CIRCUIT WITH INPUT VOLTAGE DETECTING CIRCUIT AND PARALLEL VOLTAGE-REGULATING CIRCUIT SYSTEM USING THE SAME - A voltage-regulating circuit according to the present invention includes a power conversion circuit, an input voltage detecting circuit and a feedback circuit. The power conversion circuit includes at least one switch element, wherein during operation of the at least one switch element, an input voltage is converted into a transition voltage. The input voltage detecting circuit is connected to the power conversion circuit for outputting a detected voltage signal corresponding to the input voltage. The feedback circuit is connected to the power conversion circuit and the input voltage detecting circuit for generating a feedback control signal. In such way, as the input voltage is changed, the feedback circuit will adjust to make the transition voltage changed as with the change of the detected voltage signal corresponding to the input voltage.02-03-2011
20100172157SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY DEVICE AND SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY CONTROL CIRCUIT - The invention provides a switching power supply device which can detect a light load state on a pulse-by-pulse basis without worsening power efficiency. In a synchronous control circuit, for each timing of the turning-on of main switching elements, the delay time Tdif of the conduction timing of internal diodes Ds determined according to the magnitude of the load LD is detected by a comparator, a reference time pulse Tsrs having a prescribed time width is generated by a load judgment circuit, and the logical product of the two is generated by an AND circuit. By this means, the load is regarded as being a light load when the delay time Tdif is longer than the reference time pulse Tsrs, and the synchronous rectification MOSFETs Qs are not turned on.07-08-2010
20110044074CONTROL ARRANGEMENT FOR A RESONANT MODE POWER CONVERTER - A resonant mode power converter is controlled with a control unit including a feedback circuit coupled to generate a first current representative of an output of the power converter. A current limiting circuit is coupled to receive the first current and a second current generated in response to a reference voltage. The current limiting circuit is coupled to limit the first current in response to the second current. An oscillator is coupled to receive the first current to generate a control signal having a control frequency in response to the first current. An output voltage of the power converter is controlled in response to the control frequency of the control signal.02-24-2011
20110085354BURST MODE RESONANT POWER CONVERTER WITH HIGH CONVERSION EFFICIENCY - A burst mode resonant power converter with high conversion efficiency has a rectifier, a power factor correction circuit, a resonant circuit, a controller, and a burst mode triggering unit. The maximum frequency switching end of the controller is connected to a maximum frequency variable circuit. When the load is medium or heavy, the maximum frequency variable circuit increases the maximum switch frequency of the controller. When the load is in the no-load or the light conditions, it reduces the maximum switch frequency thereof. Therefore, the controller reduces the number of times that the resonant circuit switches the bridge switch circuit. The conduction cycle of the 50% pulse signal output to the bridge switch circuit becomes longer. Larger energy can be transmitted at a time to the secondary coil of the transformer. This increases the overall efficiency.04-14-2011
20110149608ELECTRICAL POWER CONVERTERS AND METHODS OF OPERATION - An electrical power converter includes a transformer (06-23-2011
20110176334CARRIER WAVE AMPLITUDE CONTROL IN POWER SOURCE FOR STABILIZING DC VOLTAGE BY UTILIZING FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE OF RESONANCE - In the power supply composed of a driver circuit generating the carrier, a resonance circuit driven by the carrier and a rectification circuit generating the dc. voltage by rectifying the amplitude-modulated carrier supplied by the resonance circuit and stabilizing the output voltage by the feeding back the voltage error between the output voltage and a reference voltage externally supplied to set up the output voltage, to the frequency and the amplitude of the carrier, the frequency response of the dc. power supply is improved both by providing the pole located at the origin with a transfer function where the dc. voltage, generated by rectifying and smoothing the output of the resonance circuit, is fed back to the frequency of the carrier and by not providing the pole at the origin with a transfer function where the dc. voltage is fed back to the amplitude of the carrier.07-21-2011
20120201055POWER SUPPLY AND APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING LINK VOLTAGE CONTROL SWITCH - A power supply includes a rectifier for rectifying an AC line voltage to generate a link voltage, a link capacitor for charging the link voltage, a control switch for controlling charge of the link capacitor, a converter for converting the link voltage to a DC voltage, and a switch controller. When the converter operates in a standby operation mode, the switch controller controls on-off of the control switch through a pulse signal having an on-time determined based on a peak value of a detected AC line voltage.08-09-2012
20110069514DC CONVERSION APPARATUS - A DC conversion apparatus includes a plurality of current resonant converters. Each of the current resonant converters has two switching elements connected in series, a transformer having primary and secondary windings, a series resonant circuit including a resonant reactor, the primary winding of the transformer, and a resonant capacitor, and a rectifying circuit to rectify a voltage generated by the secondary winding of the transformer. The DC conversion apparatus also includes a smoothing circuit having a reactor L03-24-2011
20080266908Control of a Resonant Converter - The invention deals with the control of a resonant LLC converter by use of control parameters. The primary current flowing in the resonant tank and a voltage at a predetermined point in the resonant tank are monitored and control parameters are set for a high side conduction interval and control parameters are set for a low side conduction interval, the control parameters for the two conduction intervals being: a peak current of the interval and a predetermined voltage of the interval. The resonant converter comprises series-arranged controllable switches to be connected to the supply source. The resonant converter is operated by setting up criteria for turning off a switch in accordance with criteria including the four control parameters.10-30-2008
20110261593Power Converter for a Power Generator - Provided are methods, circuits, and systems for obtaining power from a power generator such as a photovoltaic cell or a fuel cell. The methods, circuits, and systems comprise converting substantially DC output power from the power generator into a high frequency AC voltage while rejecting or minimizing oscillations in the output power from the power generator; converting the high frequency AC voltage into a high frequency substantially sinusoidal voltage or current; and converting the high frequency substantially sinusoidal AC voltage or current into (i) a DC voltage or current, and (ii) a low frequency substantially sinusoidal AC voltage or current; wherein the high frequency substantially sinusoidal AC voltage or current is isolated from the DC voltage or current or the low frequency substantially sinusoidal AC voltage or current.10-27-2011
20110261592CURRENT RESONANCE POWER SUPPLY - A current resonance power supply includes a current detecting unit detecting a current flowing through a primary side of a transformer and a current compensating unit compensating the current detected by the current detecting unit in accordance with a variation in voltage input into the primary side of the transformer. The current resonance power supply detects overcurrent on the basis of an output from the current compensating unit.10-27-2011
20110134662BLOCKING OSCILLATOR TYPE CONVERTER - A blocking-oscillator-type converter circuit works with a transformer that has only one primary winding and one secondary winding. The transformer contains no reaction coupling winding for the blocking oscillator.06-09-2011
20110080757 POWER CONVERTER - The present invention relates to a power converter (04-07-2011
20100182804SWITCHING CIRCUIT FOR PRIMARY-SIDE REGULATED RESONANT POWER CONVERTERS - The present invention provides a switching circuit to regulate an output voltage and a maximum output current at the primary side of a resonant power converter. The switching circuit includes a pair of switching devices and a controller. The controller is coupled to a transformer to sample a voltage signal thereof and generates switching signals to control the switching devices. The switching frequency of the switching signals is increased in response to the decrease of the output voltage. The increase of the switching frequency of the switching signals decreases the power delivered to the output of the resonant power converter. The output current is therefore regulated.07-22-2010
20110176335RESONANT CONVERTERS AND BURST MODE CONTROL METHOD THEREOF - A burst mode control method for a resonant converter is provided, in which at least one first regulation pulse is provided to pre-adjust a magnetizing inductor current and a resonant capacitor voltage in a resonant circuit during a burst mode working period. After the first regulation pulse is completed, at least one pulse group including a plurality of driving pulses is provided to intermittently turn on switching elements of a square wave generator. The first regulation pulse adjusts the magnetizing inductor current and the resonant capacitor voltage, such that the magnitude of the magnetizing inductor current is essentially the same and the magnitude of the resonant capacitor voltage is essentially the same at each rising edge of each driving pulse of the pulse group.07-21-2011
20100165668HIGH EFFICIENCY UNIVERSAL INPUT SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY - A universal input switching power supply has the rectifier, a signal detecting unit detecting a voltage of an external AC power and outputting a detecting signal, a PFC circuit converts a first DC power from the rectifier to a second DC power with different voltage according to the detecting signal; and a parallel and serial type DC to DC converter converting the second DC power with different voltage to a constant voltage of the third DC power. The parallel and serial type DC to DC converter has a transformer having a primary and secondary coils and physically changes a turn ratio of the primary and secondary coils of a transformer thereof according to a voltage ratio of the second DC power and the third DC power. Accordingly, the universal input switching power supply has good transforming efficiency at different AC power source conditions.07-01-2010
20110051468SWITCHING POWER-SUPPLY APPARATUS - A switching power-supply apparatus includes a first converter 03-03-2011
20110051467RESONANT SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - Provided is a resonant switching power supply device that can reduce a common mode noise as well as an increase in frequency when a load is light.03-03-2011
20110051466POWER UNIT AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS - A power unit includes: a frequency divider to divide a clock signal in a second frequency-division ratio based on a first frequency-division ratio and to output a driving pulse; a switching device driven by the driving pulse; a piezoelectric transformer to output an alternating-current high voltage when receiving an intermittent voltage from the switching device; a comparison device to compare a digital signal corresponding to the piezoelectric transformer output voltage with a target voltage and to output a comparison result; a controller to control the first frequency-division ratio based on the comparison result; a first holding device to hold the controlled first frequency-division ratio; a first computing device to determine the second frequency-division ratio by performing computation using a first correction value and the first frequency-division ratio held by the first holding device; and a second holding device to hold the second frequency-division ratio determined by the first computing device.03-03-2011
20110051465RESONANT SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - Provided is a technique of making the leakage inductance of a transformer serve as a current resonant reactor and connecting a stray capacitance Cf03-03-2011
20110051464Compensation Device For Synchronous Rectifier Control And Method Thereof - The configurations of a compensation device configured in a circuit having a synchronous rectifier (SR), a controller and a load, and a compensation method thereof are provided in the present invention. In the proposed circuit, the SR includes a first terminal, a first inductor electrically connected to the first terminal in series, a second terminal and a second inductor electrically connected to the second terminal in series, the controller is coupled to the first and the second inductors, and the device includes a voltage source having a positive terminal coupled to the controller and a negative terminal coupled to the second inductor and providing a compensation voltage to reduce or eliminate the influence of the first and the second inductors towards a voltage value across the first and the second terminals.03-03-2011
20090231887PARALLEL-CONNECTED RESONANT CONVERTER CIRCUIT AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF - The configurations of a parallel-connected resonant converter circuit and a controlling method thereof are provided in the present invention. The proposed circuit includes a plurality of resonant converters, each of which has two input terminals and two output terminals, wherein all the two input terminals of the plurality of resonant converters are electrically series-connected, and all the two output terminals of the plurality of resonant converters are electrically parallel-connected.09-17-2009
20110305046RESONANT POWER CONVERTING CIRCUIT - A resonant power converting circuit is provided, which includes a resonant converting unit, a control unit, a voltage detecting unit and a frequency modulation unit. The control unit outputs switching signals to the resonant converting unit to adjust an output of the resonant converting unit. The voltage detecting unit is configured to detect an output voltage of the resonant converting unit. The frequency modulation unit may adjust a lowest switching frequency of the control unit according to the detected output voltage so as to increase a gain of the resonant converting unit and an output stability of the resonant converting unit.12-15-2011
20110305044SWEEPING FREQUENCY LLC RESONANT POWER REGULATOR - An LLC resonant power regulator system (12-15-2011
20110305047Control System for a Power Converter and Method of Operating the Same - A power converter employing a control system configured to make multiple functional use of a circuit node therein and method of operating the same. In one embodiment, the power converter includes a power train including at least one power switch. The power converter also includes a control system including an opto-isolator circuit, including a resistor, configured to receive an output signal from the power converter and provide a feedback signal to a feedback node for the control system to provide a switch control signal for the at least one power switch. The control system also includes a current source configured to produce multiple voltage levels at the feedback node in accordance with the resistor, thereby enabling multiple functional uses of the feedback node.12-15-2011
20110305045RESONANT POWER CONVERTING CIRCUIT - A resonant power converting circuit is provided, which includes a resonant converting unit, a control unit, a current detecting unit and a frequency modulation unit. The control unit outputs switching signals to the resonant converting unit to adjust an output thereof. The current detecting unit is configured to detect an output current of the resonant converting unit. The frequency modulation unit may adjust a lowest switching frequency of the control unit according to the detected output current so as to increase a gain of the resonant converting unit and an output stability of the resonant converting unit.12-15-2011
20120063174POWER FACTOR CORRECT CURRENT RESONANCE CONVERTER - A power factor correct current resonance converter is disclosed which eliminates interference of switching operations between two cascade-connected converter circuits. The power factor correct current resonance converter includes a current resonance converter circuit having switches, a resonance capacitor, a resonance inductor, a transformer, diodes, a smoothing capacitor, and a control circuit. The power factor correct current resonance converter also includes a power factor correct converter circuit having a choke coil, a diode, a smoothing capacitor, and a switch. The switch is turned on or off in response to a voltage produced in a winding of the transformer. Thus, the switching operation of the power factor correct converter circuit is performed in synchronization with the switching operation of the current resonance converter circuit, so that interference of the switching operations is eliminated. In addition, since a dedicated control circuit is not required, the cost can be reduced.03-15-2012
20120044721Series resonant converter using power switches with relatively low rated voltages and currents - The present invention is to provide a series resonant converter, which includes a transformer, two power switches connected to primary side of the transformer, a resonant control chip having two control pins connected to gates of the two power switches respectively, a resonant capacitor having one end connected to one end of the primary side and the other end connected to source of one power switch, a resonant inductor having one end connected to the other end of the primary side and the other end connected to a line between the two power switches, and at least one bypass resistor connected in parallel to the resonant capacitor, so as to allow voltage of the resonant capacitor to be rapidly released to ground when the converter is turned off and effectively lower inrush current of the resonant capacitor generated at an instant when the converter is turned on from off.02-23-2012
20120206943VERY HIGH FREQUENCY SWITCHING RESONANT SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION - A VHF switching power converter comprising one or more VHF switching frequency resonant synchronous rectifiers receives an output from an inverter and delivers a DC output to a load. The power converter includes a controller for controlling at least one of the one or more VHF switching frequency resonant synchronous rectifiers based on feedback derived from a waveform of at least one of the rectifiers. The controller controls a phase angle of at least one of the rectifiers with a delay locked loop. The power converter delivers a regulated DC output via adjustment of a phase shift between at least one of the one or more rectifiers and the inverter.08-16-2012
20120057374DUTY ADJUSTER CIRCUIT AND CONVERTER INCLUDING THE SAME - The present invention relates to a duty adjuster circuit and a converter.03-08-2012
20120113687LOOSELY REGULATED FEEDBACK CONTROL FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY ISOLATED DC-DC CONVERTERS - The improved DC-DC converter apparatus includes a primary side circuit and a secondary side circuit that is galvanically isolated from the primary. The primary side induces a voltage in the secondary side that provides an output voltage for driving POLs. A flux-control device measures the transformer primary side flux to control the primary side duty cycle, thereby loosely regulating the output voltage of the secondary side circuit,05-10-2012
20120113686VIRTUAL PARAMETRIC HIGH SIDE MOSFET DRIVER - A power supply apparatus and method of regulating is provided. A converter circuit includes a primary switching element and an auxiliary switching element. The auxiliary switching element is for transferring a reflected voltage signal. A transformer includes a primary and a secondary, the primary is coupled with the converter circuit. The converter circuit comprises a primary and an auxiliary switch for selectively determining a resonant frequency. The auxiliary switch is enabled by a driver having an independent power source so as to allow as strong a driver as necessary to drive a large auxiliary switch.05-10-2012
20120069605SAMPLED CHARGE CONTROL FOR RESONANT CONVERTER - This document discusses, among other things, apparatus and methods for controlling a converter. In an example, a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) can be configured to provide a first pulse train to control the converter. The frequency of the first pulse train of the VCO can be modulated using information indicative of an operating condition of the converter to maintain a desired DC voltage at an output. In an example, the VCO can include a frequency divider configured to provide a second pulse train to the output using information from the first pulse train.03-22-2012
20120300504PARALLEL-CONNECTED RESONANT CONVERTER CIRCUIT AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF - The configurations of a parallel-connected resonant converter circuit and a controlling method thereof are provided in the present invention. The proposed circuit includes a plurality of resonant converters, each of which has two input terminals and two output terminals, wherein all the two input terminals of the plurality of resonant converters are electrically series-connected, and all the two output terminals of the plurality of resonant converters are electrically parallel-connected.11-29-2012
20120063173Common Mode Noise Reduction Apparatus and Method - An embodiment common mode noise reduction apparatus comprises a common mode choke, a balance inductor, a first capacitor and a second capacitor. The common mode choke is placed between an input dc source and a primary side network of an isolated power converter. The balance inductor is coupled between an upper terminal of a primary winding of the isolated power converter and a negative terminal of the input dc source. The first capacitor is coupled between the upper terminal of a primary side of a transformer and an upper terminal of a secondary side of the transformer of the isolated power converter. The second capacitor is coupled between a lower terminal of the primary side of the transformer and a lower terminal of the secondary side of the transformer of the isolated power converter.03-15-2012
20120300503CONTROL CIRCUIT WITH ZVS-LOCK AND ASYMMETRICAL PWM FOR RESONANT POWER CONVERTER - A control circuit for a resonant power converter and a control method thereof are disclosed. The control circuit comprises a first transistor and a second transistor switching a transformer through a resonant tank. A controller receives a feedback signal for generating a first switching signal and a second switching signal coupled to drive the first transistor and the second transistor respectively. The feedback signal is correlated to an output of the resonant power converter. A diode is coupled to the second transistor for detecting the state of the second transistor for the controller. The first switching signal and the second switching signal are modulated to achieve a zero voltage switching (ZVS) for the second transistor.11-29-2012
20100067261SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY DEVICE OF HALF-WAVE RECTIFICATION CURRENT RESONANCE TYPE AND METHOD FOR STARTING SAME - Object of this invention is to prevent deviating increase of switching frequency of a switching element for a half-wave rectification current resonance type switching power supply device in the process of a soft start operation. To solve the object, between output terminals of a direct current power source, a first switching element Q03-18-2010
20110090717Two-stage insulated bidirectional DC/DC power converter using a constant duty ratio LLC resonant converter - A two-stage insulated bidirectional DC/DC power converter is disclosed. A two-stage insulated bidirectional DC/DC power converter according to an embodiment of the invention has the characteristic of including: an LLC resonant converter operating at a constant duty ratio; a bidirectional converter joined to a front part of the LLC resonant converter and configured to perform a booster converter function of outputting the input voltage at a consistent input voltage for the LLC resonant converter, and a buck converter function of reducing the voltage by way of the LLC resonant converter and then outputting a consistent voltage; and a bidirectional converter control unit configured to control changes in an input voltage of the bidirectional converter and regulate an output voltage of the LLC resonant converter to thereby maintain a consistent input voltage of the LLC resonant converter, such that the LLC resonant converter operates at a constant duty ratio.04-21-2011
20100172156OFFLINE SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER CIRCUIT WITH TURNED-ON ARBITER AND PHASE-LOCK FOR SWITCHING POWER CONVERTERS - A synchronous rectifier circuit of a switching power converter is provided and includes first and second power transistors and first and second diodes connected to a transformer and an output of the power converter for rectifying. An arbiter circuit generates a lock signal to prevent the second power transistor from being turned on when the first diode the first power transistor is turned on. A controller generates a drive signal to control the first power transistor according to an on signal and an off signal. A phase-lock circuit generates the off signal according to the on signal. The on signal is enabled once the first diode is forward biased. The one signal enables the drive signal for turning on the first power transistor. The off signal disables the drive signal for turning off the first power transistor. The off signal is enabled before the disabling of the on signal.07-08-2010
20110103100ISOLATED SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS - In an isolated switching power supply apparatus, by performing on/off control of a first switching device and a second switching device, energy is transmitted from the primary side to the secondary side using a second primary winding and a second secondary winding while the first switching device is on, and energy is transmitted by a first primary winding and a first secondary winding while the second switching device is on. The first secondary winding and the second secondary winding are connected in series with one another, and an inductor is inserted in series to the second secondary winding. An output current is made to flow through the inductor irrespective of whether the first switching device is on or the second switching device is on.05-05-2011
20120314456SYNCHRONOUS AC RECTIFIED FLYBACK CONVERTER UTILIZING BOOST INDUCTOR - A flyback converter utilizes a boost inductor coupled between a source of AC power and a synchronous rectifier to provide power factor correction. The synchronous rectifier includes four field-effect transistors configured in a bridge arrangement. Control circuitry controls the on/off states of opposite pairs of the FETs to provide synchronous rectification of the AC power. A primary winding of the flyback transformer is coupled in series with a storage capacitor across the output of the synchronous rectifier. A circuit, which includes a switching transistor, is also coupled across the output of the synchronous rectifier to provide a low resistance path when the switch is closed. The cores of the boost inductor and the transformer are loaded with energy when the switch is closed. When the switch opens, the energy stored in the magnetic cores is transferred to the output via the transformer secondary winding and rectification circuitry. In one embodiment, a separate switching transistor is not used and its function is performed by the rectifier FETs.12-13-2012
20120250360LLC CONTROLLER WITH PROGRAMMABLE FRACTIONAL BURST FREQUENCY - A controller for use in an LLC resonant converter is disclosed. An example controller is controlled by detecting a maximum frequency signal to set a maximum switching frequency of the LLC resonant converter. A burst stop frequency and a burst start frequency are programmed in response to the maximum switching frequency. The burst stop frequency and the burst start frequency are fractions of the maximum switching frequency. The LLC resonant converter is switched in response to a feedback signal to regulate an output of the LLC resonant converter. The steps of switching the LLC resonant converter in a burst mode in response to the feedback signal reaching a value corresponding to the programmed burst start frequency and of stopping the switching of the LLC resonant converter in the burst mode in response to the feedback signal reaching a value corresponding to the programmed burst stop frequency are repeated.10-04-2012
20100290256RESONANCE CONVERTING APPARATUS AND SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION CIRCUIT - Provided is a resonance converting apparatus. The resonance converting apparatus preferably includes a resonant circuit, a bridge-type converter, and a synchronous rectification circuit. In which the resonant circuit has a transformer. The bridge-type converter connects with a primary side of the transformer, and operates open or close according to a switching signal. The synchronous rectification circuit further includes a pair of rectification transistors and driving circuits. The driving circuits correspondingly connect with channels to the rectification transistors, and respectively examine the current passing through the rectification transistors. A sensing signal is then generated. In accordance with the switching signal and the sensing signal, a driving signal is generated for driving the rectification transistor. Consequently the apparatus can raise the efficiency of the resonance converting apparatus.11-18-2010
20120127761CIRCUIT FOR A RESONANT CONVERTER - A circuit (05-24-2012
20120163037RESONANT CONVERTER - Disclosed herein is a resonant converter, including: a power conversion circuit alternately switching applied DC power to output a predetermined level of output power; and a control circuit fixing an operating frequency and controlling the level of the output power by varying the comparison voltage level that is a comparison target of the operating frequency, by determining that a short circuit occurs when the output current of the power conversion circuit is a reference current or more by comparing the output current of the power conversion circuit with the reference current. By this configuration, the output current can be constantly controlled even when the short circuit occurs in the output of the resonant converter.06-28-2012
20120163039CONTROLLER FOR A RESONANT CONVERTER - A controller for a resonant converter, wherein the controller is configured to operate the resonant converter in a high power mode of operation by adjusting a first control parameter to vary the output power and a low power mode of operation by adjusting a second control parameter to vary the output power. The controller is configured to set the value of the first control parameter when changing between the high power mode of operation and the low power mode of operation such that the output power is substantially consistent during the changeover.06-28-2012
20120163038CONTROL CIRCUIT OF LLC RESONANT CONVERTER AND LLC RESONANT CONVERTER USING THE SAME - The present invention provides a control circuit of an LLC resonant converter including a minimum switching frequency variable circuit of varying a minimum switching frequency corresponding to an AC input voltage of the LLC resonant converter; and a first pulse signal generating unit and a second pulse signal generating unit to generate a first pulse signal and a second pulse signal based on a switching frequency limited by the minimum switching frequency variable circuit.06-28-2012
20120314455ISOLATED SEPIC POWER CONVERTER FOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODES AND OTHER APPLICATIONS - A system includes a load and a single-ended primary-inductance converter (SEPIC) power converter configured to provide power to the load. The SEPIC power converter includes a primary side and a secondary side that are electrically isolated by a transformer. The transformer includes a primary coil and a secondary coil. The primary side includes (i) a capacitor coupled to a first end of the primary coil and (ii) an inductor and a switch coupled to a second end of the primary coil. The primary side of the SEPIC power converter could also include a diode coupled between the inductor and the switch, where the diode is coupled to the second end of the primary coil. The capacitor could be configured to transfer energy to the secondary side of the SEPIC power converter through the transformer during valleys associated with a rectified input voltage.12-13-2012
20120314457CONTROL ARRANGEMENT FOR A RESONANT MODE POWER CONVERTER - A resonant mode converter includes a PFC power converter having an input coupled to receive an input voltage. An LLC power converter is cascaded with the PFC power converter. The LLC power converter includes a transformer coupled to generate an output of the resonant mode converter. A feedback circuit is coupled to generate a first current representative of the output of the resonant mode converter. A control unit includes a current limiting circuit coupled to receive the first current and a second current generated in response to a reference voltage. The current limiting circuit is coupled to limit the first current in response to the second current. The control unit further includes an oscillator coupled to generate a control signal having a control frequency in response to the first current. The resonant mode converter output is controlled in response to the control frequency.12-13-2012
20090059623Switched-mode Power Supply With EMI Isolation - Embodiments disclosed herein describe a switched-mode power supply with the EMI isolated from a input power, by disconnecting the input power from the switched-mode power supply when the switched-mode power supply is switching.03-05-2009
20120075888DUTY BALANCING OSCILATOR - The present invention relates to an oscillator that is capable of realizing duty balancing.03-29-2012
20120176817DC-DC CONVERTER - A DC-DC converter has at least first and second power converters, with the inputs of the power converters connected in series so that DC current through the input of the first power converter also flows through the input of the second power converter, and the outputs of the power converters are connected in parallel.07-12-2012
20100008107DC/DC CONVERTER - A direct current-direct current (DC/DC) converter operated in the resonant mode of operation for converting a direct input voltage into a direct output voltage with a bridge circuit located on the input side and incorporating switching elements, with a resonance circuit incorporating a resonance inductance and a resonance capacitance as well as with a high-frequency transformer for galvanic separation is disclosed, the transformer incorporates at least one primary winding and at least one secondary winding with at least two winding terminals each. The alternating current (AC) output of the bridge circuit is connected to the primary winding and a rectifier bridge with diodes to the secondary winding. A voltage boosting circuit array is connected downstream of the resonant circuit in such a manner that at least one additionally controllable switching element is contained, which is connected in parallel or in series to at least one additional diode or to at least one diode of the rectifier bridge on the secondary side, this array being connected in parallel to the high-frequency transformer so that the additional switching element short-circuits the resonance circuit in a triggered condition so that energy is stored in the resonance inductance and is delivered in the non-triggered condition.01-14-2010
20120262955CONVERTER WITH INPUT VOLTAGE BALANCE CIRCUIT - In one aspect of the present invention, a converter circuit with input voltage balance includes a plurality of modules having inputs electrically series-connected to each other and outputs electrically parallel-connected to each other and a plurality of switching circuits with each electrically connected to an input connection node of a corresponding module and its immediate next module, and configured such that when an input voltage of the corresponding module or its immediate next module is in a desired range from a first predetermine value to a second predetermined value greater then the first predetermined value, the switching circuit operates in an open state, while when the input voltage is out of the desired range, the switching circuit operates in a conductive state so as to regulate the input voltage of the corresponding module or its immediate next module in the desired range.10-18-2012
20120188797SWITCHING POWER SOURCE APPARATUS - A switching power source apparatus includes a first series circuit including a first switch element and a second switch element, a second series circuit including a resonant capacitor, a resonant reactor, and a primary winding of a transformer, a rectifying-smoothing circuit of a voltage of a secondary winding of the transformer, a controller of the first and second switch elements, a current detector detecting a current of the resonant capacitor Cri when the first switch element is ON, an integration circuit of the current of the current detector integrating the voltage signal over a period in which the voltage signal is equal to or greater than a first reference voltage, and an overcurrent protector of the first switch element if an output voltage of the integration circuit is equal to or greater than a second reference voltage.07-26-2012
20120262954OFF LINE RESONANT CONVERTER WITH MERGED LINE RECTIFICATION AND POWER FACTOR CORRECTION - An off line resonant converter with improved power factor and merged line rectification is disclosed. An example off line resonant converter includes a boost storage inductance circuit to be coupled to receive an ac input line voltage. A switcher circuit is coupled to the boost storage inductance circuit. The switcher circuit includes stacked first and second passive switching devices coupled to the boost storage inductance circuit. The switcher circuit further includes stacked first and second active bidirectional switching devices coupled to the stacked first and second passive switching devices. The stacked first and second active bidirectional switching devices are controlled to generate a square wave signal and to alternately store energy in and receive energy from the boost storage inductance circuit such that a pulsating current is conducted between the boost storage inductance circuit and the switcher circuit. The pulsating current is bidirectional and flows in a first direction when the ac input line voltage is at a first polarity. The pulsating current flows in an opposite second direction when the ac input line voltage is at a second polarity. A resonant circuit is coupled to an output of the switcher circuit to receive the square wave signal from the switcher circuit to generate an output of the resonant converter.10-18-2012
20100321959CONVERTER - A converter includes a control unit configured to turn ON, when an output voltage is set to a low voltage, a switching element according to a pulse voltage induced in a first auxiliary winding of a transformer. The control unit operates based on a direct current voltage output by rectifying and smoothing a pulse voltage induced in a second auxiliary winding of the transformer.12-23-2010
20100328968MULTI-PHASE RESONANT CONVERTER AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING IT - A PWM controlled multi-phase resonant voltage converter may include a plurality of primary windings powered through respective half-bridges, and as many secondary windings connected to an output terminal of the converter and magnetically coupled to the respective primary windings. The primary or secondary windings may be connected such that a real or virtual neutral point is floating.12-30-2010
20120320636SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS - A control circuit performs at least one of detecting whether the resonance current detected by the current detection unit is beyond a first detection level over a predetermined time period, and detecting, when detecting that the resonance current is beyond the first detection level over the predetermined time period, that the resonance current falls below a second detection level, and detecting whether the resonance current detected by the current detection unit is below a first detection level over a predetermined time period, and detecting, when detecting that the resonance current is below the first detection level over the predetermined time period, that the resonance current exceeds a second detection level, and inverts, when detecting that the resonance current falls below or exceeds the second detection level, the levels of the drive control signal at which the first switching element and the second switching element are turned on or off.12-20-2012
20120320635MAXIMIZE EFFICIENCY METHOD FOR RESONANT CONVERTER WITH SELF-ADJUSTING SWITCHING POINTS - A maximize efficiency method for resonant converter with self-adjusting switching points is disclosed. The method is operated by a resonant converter, which comprises a transformer and a field effect transistor (FET). When the transistor is turned on, energy is stored in the transformer. When the transistor is turned off, a resonant signal is generated at a drain of the transistor. At this time, a suitable trigger time has to be found to turn on the transistor, so as to reduce switching power loss. The method measures the slope of the resonant signal at the trigger time. This is used as a reference to adjust the next cycle's trigger time. If the slope is negative at the time of trigger, a delta time is added to the trigger time in the next cycle, If the slope is positive, a delta time is subtracted from the trigger time for the next cycle.12-20-2012
20120320638RESONANT CIRCUIT AND RESONANT DC/DC CONVERTER - The present disclosure relates to a resonant circuit (12-20-2012
20120320637SWITCHING POWER SOURCE APPARATUS - A switching power source apparatus has a pulse generator of a first pulse. A first resonant series circuit receives the first pulse signal and passes a current having a 90-degree phase delay with respect to the first pulse signal. The current of the first resonant series circuit turns on/off a switching element Q12-20-2012
20110211370Systems and Methods of Resonant DC/DC Conversion - Systems and methods of resonant DC/DC conversion disclosed herein improve the basic resonant converter designs by proactively setting and coordinating the gate drive timings between the primary side and secondary side. By proactively setting and coordinating gate drives timings between the primary side and secondary side, both efficiency and transient performance optimizations may be achieved with or without diode emulation mode, depending on whether the switching frequency is below resonance or above resonance, and the nature of the load characteristics. If the switching frequency of the converter is determined to be at or below the resonance frequency, the output transistors may be configured to be fully active at or above a predetermined output load current. The turn-on timing of the output transistors is dependant on the load for a given output voltage, and is almost independent of input voltage. Turn-on timing may be significantly different at light load to no load.09-01-2011
20110222317CONVERTER CIRCUIT AND UNIT AND SYSTEM COMPRISING SUCH CONVERTER CIRCUIT - A converter circuit has a first resonant converter that is connected on the DC voltage side to a first energy storage circuit, and a transformer. A second resonant converter is connected on the AC voltage side to the secondary winding of the transformer and on the DC voltage side to a load converter, and a CLL resonant circuit is connected to the first resonant converter and to the primary winding of the transformer. The CLL resonant circuit has a resonant capacitance, a first resonant inductance and a second resonant inductance.09-15-2011
20100232183CONTROL CIRCUIT OF RESONANT POWER CONVERTER WITH ASYMMETRICAL PHASE SHIFT TO IMPROVE THE OPERATION - A control circuit of the resonant power converter according to the present invention comprises a frequency modulation circuit modulating a switching frequency of a switching signal in response to a feedback signal in a first operation range. A phase-shift circuit performs a phase-shift modulation to the switching signal in response to the feedback signal in a second operation range. A burst circuit performs a burst modulation to the switching signal in response to the feedback signal in a third operation range. The control circuit is operated in the first operation range when the feedback signal is higher than a first threshold. The control circuit is operated in the second operation range when the feedback signal is lower than the first threshold and higher than a second threshold. The control circuit is operated in the third operation range when the feedback signal is lower than the second threshold.09-16-2010
20120087155AC-DC CONVERTER - An AC-DC converter is disclosed. The AC-DC converter includes an OFF-time clamping circuit. The OFF time clamping circuit outputs a triggering signal when a main switch circuit of the AC-DC converter is switched from ON state to OFF state. When an input AC voltage is too small, and a terminal voltage at a first current-conducting terminal of the main switch circuit of the AC-DC converter is lower than a specific voltage such that a switching control circuit can not turn on the main switch circuit again, the switching control circuit can still turn on the main switch circuit again by the triggering signal. Therefore, the OFF time of the main switch circuit is clamped. The switching control circuit can control the switching operation of the main switch circuit.04-12-2012
20120287680SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONSTANT CURRENT CONTROL IN AN LLC RESONANT POWER REGULATOR - One embodiment relates to an LLC resonant power converter system. The system includes a transformer comprising a primary inductor and a secondary inductor and a switch control stage configured to generate a plurality of switching signals having a duty-cycle. The system also includes an input stage comprising the primary inductor and a plurality of switches that are controlled in response to the respective plurality of switching signals to generate a primary resonant current and an output stage comprising the secondary inductor and being configured to conduct an output current through a load based on a secondary resonant current to generate an output voltage. The system further includes a controller configured to limit a magnitude of the output current to a predetermined magnitude in response to variations of the load.11-15-2012
20100202162ASYMMETRICAL RESONANT POWER CONVERTERS - A resonant power converter is provided and includes a capacitor, an inductive device, a first transistor, a second transistor, and a control circuit. The capacitor and the inductive device develop a resonant tank. The first transistor and the second transistor are coupled to switch the resonant tank. The control circuit generates a first signal and a second signal to control the first transistor and the second transistor respectively. Frequencies of the first signal and the second signal are changed for regulating output of the resonant power converter. The control circuit is further coupled to detect an input voltage of the resonant power converter. A pulse width of the second signal is modulated in response to change of the input voltage.08-12-2010
20130010502SWITCHING REGULATOR AND CONTROL DEVICE THEREOF - A switching regulator related to aspects of the invention can include an auxiliary winding for monitoring the voltage across the primary winding of a transformer, a differentiation detecting circuit that detects the timing of reversal start or reversal end of the signal detected by the auxiliary winding and a dead time adjusting circuit that receives a signal to trigger turn OFF of a switch or a switch and, after passing a predetermined delay time from the detection of the signal, generates a signal to trigger turn ON of the switch or the switch. The differentiation detecting circuit can confirm current transfer between body diodes. The dead time adjusting circuit can adjust a dead time to deliver the signal after a predetermined time from the confirmation of the current transfer. In some aspects of the invention, occurrence of hard switching and short-circuit current can be suppressed.01-10-2013
20130010501BISYNCHRONOUS RESONANT SWITCHING-TYPE DIRECT CURRENT POWER SUPPLY - A bisynchronous resonant switching-type direct current power supply includes a power supply unit, a power factor correcting unit, a resonant converting unit, and a synchronous rectifying unit. The power supply unit includes a power supply circuit to receive an alternating current signal, and a rectifying-and-filtering circuit operable to obtain a direct current voltage output from the alternating current signal. The power factor correcting unit includes a voltage booster, an active power factor correcting chip circuit and two transistor control circuits. The resonant converting unit includes a power switch circuit, a resonant chip circuit, and a voltage converting circuit. The voltage converting circuit has primary and secondary windings. The synchronous rectifying unit includes first and second resonant bridge rectifier circuits and a supply voltage output circuit.01-10-2013
20130016533RESONANT CONVERTER CONTROLAANM Halberstadt; HansAACI GroesbeekAACO NLAAGP Halberstadt; Hans Groesbeek NL - Consistent with an example embodiment there is a method of controlling a resonant power converter; the power converter includes first and second series connected switches connected between a supply voltage line and a ground line and a resonance circuit, having a capacitor and an inductor. The resonance circuit is connected to a node connecting the first and second switches. The method comprises repeated sequential steps of closing the first switch to start a conduction interval; sampling a voltage across the capacitor to obtain a sampled voltage level; and opening the first switch to end the conduction interval when a voltage across the capacitor crosses a voltage level determined by addition of the sampled voltage level with a predetermined voltage difference; wherein controlling the predetermined voltage difference determines a power output of the resonant power converter.01-17-2013
20130016534RESONANT CONVERTERAANM ISHIKURA; KeitaAACI SaitamaAACO JPAAGP ISHIKURA; Keita Saitama JPAANM ASO; ShinjiAACI SaitamaAACO JPAAGP ASO; Shinji Saitama JP - A resonant converter includes: a first switching element and a second switching element, which are connected in series; a series resonant circuit, which includes a primary coil of a transformer having leakage inductance and a current resonant capacitor, and which is connected in parallel to one of the first switching element and the second switching element; a rectifying-and-smoothing circuit, which is connected to a secondary coil of the transformer, wherein an output voltage is to be supplied to a load; and a clamp circuit, which clamps a voltage between both ends of the current resonant capacitor to a predetermined voltage value, wherein, when an output current supplied from the rectifying-and-smoothing circuit to the load is higher than the predetermined current value, an output characteristic is set so that, as the output current is increased, the output voltage is decreased.01-17-2013
20130170252ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS - An electric power supply apparatus, which enables a driving frequency of a switching circuit connected to a primary side of a transformer constant and output of a secondary side variable, comprises a transformer (07-04-2013
20120243266METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HIGH-SIDE INPUT WINDING REGULATION - A controller for use in a power converter includes a control circuit coupled to control switching of a power switch coupled between a positive input supply rail of the power converter and an energy transfer element input of the power converter. A sampling circuit is coupled to the control circuit and is coupled to receive a signal across the energy transfer element input during an off time of the power switch to provide a sampled output of the converter. The sampled output of the power converter is disabled from being resampled by the sampling circuit during an on time of the power switch. A switch conduction scheduling circuit is included in the control circuit and is coupled to the sampling circuit such that the control circuit is coupled to switch the power switch in response to the sampled output of the power converter.09-27-2012
20100091525POWER CONVERTERS - We describe a resonant discontinuous power converter including a magnetic energy storage device, and a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) switch having a collector terminal coupled to repetitively switch power from the input on and off to said magnetic energy storage device such that power is transferred from the input to the output. During an off-period of said BJT switch a voltage on said magnetic energy storage device and on said collector terminal of said BJT is at least partially resonant. The power converter includes a voltage clamping circuit to clamp a base voltage on a base terminal of said BJT during a resonant portion of said off-period to limit an excursion of a collector voltage on said collector terminal of said BJT towards or beyond an emitter voltage of said BJT during said resonant portion of said off-period, in particular to inhibit reverse bias of a base emitter junction of the transistor.04-15-2010
20120250361DC/DC CONVERTER, POWER CONVERTER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF - A DC/DC converter, a power converter and a control method thereof are disclosed, where the DC/DC converter includes an output circuit having a load, a rectangular wave generator having a bridge arm, a resonant tank, a detection unit and a control unit. The bridge arm includes a first and a second switches connected each other. The detection unit detects a signal related to a state of the load. When the state of the load is a light-load or a no-load, the control unit controls ON/OFF state of the first and second switches by pulse width modulation mode to convert an input voltage into at least one rectangular wave for the resonant tank. A duty ratio of the first switch is within a first or second predetermined range, and a duty ratio of the second switch is complementary to the duty ratio of the first switch, whereby a voltage gain of the DC/DC converter is greater than 1.10-04-2012
20130094250DOWN CONVERTER - A down converter for converting an input DC voltage (Vin) into a lower output DC voltage (Vout). The down converter has on the primary side (04-18-2013
20110267845PARALLEL-CONNECTED RESONANT CONVERTER CIRCUIT AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF - The configurations of a parallel-connected resonant converter circuit and a controlling method thereof are provided in the present invention. The proposed circuit includes a plurality of resonant converters, each of which has two input terminals and two output terminals, wherein all the two input terminals of the plurality of resonant converters are electrically series-connected, and all the two output terminals of the plurality of resonant converters are electrically parallel-connected.11-03-2011
20110267844Controller for a Resonant Switched-Mode Power Converter - An embodiment of the invention relates to an LLC power converter including a controller configured to regulate an output characteristic of the power converter by controlling a power converter switching frequency. In a first mode of operation, the controller turns off a secondary-side power switch earlier than a turn-off time of a primary-side power switch by a time difference that is controlled by a resistor coupled to an external circuit node. In a second mode of operation, the controller turns on a secondary-side power switch at substantially the same time as the primary-side power switch, and turns off the secondary-side power switch after a maximum on time that is a nonlinear function of a load current of the power converter. The nonlinear function is a substantially constant function of the load current for a value of the load current higher than a threshold value.11-03-2011
20110273911DC/DC CONVERTER - The present invention relates to a DC/DC converter (11-10-2011
20100277955Boost Device For Voltage Boosting - A boost device boosts an input voltage to an output voltage across an output capacitor, and includes an output diode coupled to the output capacitor, and a transformer coupled to a first switch, a clamp circuit and a boost circuit. The clamp circuit is coupled across a first winding of the transformer, and includes a clamp capacitor coupled in series to a second switch. The output capacitor is capable of being charged through the output diode with an induced voltage across a second winding of the transformer. The boost circuit is capable of being charged with the induced voltage across the second winding, and of charging the output capacitor so as to boost the output voltage across the output capacitor.11-04-2010
20080198634Resonant Dc/Dc Converter With Zero Current Switching - A resonant DC/DC converter for supplying an output power comprises a switching device (08-21-2008
20130148383DC-AC CONVERTER AND CONVERSION CIRCUIT - A DC-AC converter is provided. The DC-AC converter includes a time-varying DC power generating circuit, an AC power generating circuit and a transmission capacitor. The time-varying DC power generating circuit is controlled by a pulse width modulation (PWM) signal to transform a DC source into a time-varying DC power. With reference to the time-varying DC power, the AC power generating circuit is controlled by a first polarity switching and a second polarity switching signal to generate an AC power. The transmission capacitor, coupled to the time-varying DC power generating circuit and the AC power generating circuit, transmits the time-varying DC power from the time-varying DC generating circuit to the AC power generating circuit.06-13-2013
20130148384INTEGRATED RESONANCE AND POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CONTROL INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AND POWER CONVERTER - Provided are a resonance and PFC integrated control IC and a power converter. The resonance and PFC integrated control IC includes an interleave PFC control block and a resonance control block. The interleave PFC control block is configured to control first and second switches of an interleave switching converter and correct a power factor. The interleave switching converter includes a first converter comprising the first switch and a second converter comprising the second switch, and the first converter and the second converter are connected in parallel. The resonance control block is configured to resonate and control a Direct Current (DC)-DC converter that receives and converts the output of the interleave switching converter.06-13-2013
20130100709Magnetron Power Supply - A power supply for a magnetron has a high voltage converter, a microprocessor and a resistor. The high voltage converter comprises an integrated circuit oscillator, switching transistors, an inductance L04-25-2013
20120275197LAYOUTS OF MULTIPLE TRANSFORMERS AND MULTIPLE RECTIFIERS OF INTERLEAVING CONVERTER - The present invention relates to multi-phase parallel-interleaved converter circuits with each phase having two or more transformers and two or more rectifiers electrically coupled to the two or more transformers, and layouts of the transformers and the rectifiers of the multi-phase parallel-interleaved converter circuits. In the layouts, the multiple transformers and the multiple rectifiers of the multi-phase converters are interleavingly arranged to be symmetrical to common output polarized capacitor(s) so as to ensure the rectifier outputs of each phase relative to the common output polarized capacitors is symmetrical, thereby reducing the output ripples of the current of the output capacitors.11-01-2012
20120281435DC-DC CONVERTER - A DC-DC converter (11-08-2012
20120281434METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING RESONANT POWER CONVERTER - A control circuit of a resonant power converter is disclosed. The control circuit comprises a first transistor and a second transistor for switching a transformer and a resonant tank comprising a capacitor and an inductor. A controller is configured to receive a feedback signal correlated to the output of the power converter for generating a first switching signal and a second switching signal to drive the first transistor and the second transistor, respectively. A diode coupled to the first transistor and the resonant tank for detecting the state of the first transistor and generating a detection signal for the controller. The detection signal indicates if the transistors are in a zero voltage switching (ZVS) state. If the transistors are not in the ZVS state, the switching frequency of the transistors will be increased.11-08-2012
20130182462LINEAR SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER DRIVE CIRCUIT - A drive circuit arranged to drive a synchronous rectifier of a power converter includes a differential amplifier stage connected to the synchronous rectifier and arranged to supply a drive signal to the synchronous rectifier to turn the synchronous rectifier on and off and a high voltage blocking stage connected between the synchronous rectifier and the differential amplifier stage. The differential amplifier stage is arranged such that a voltage level of the drive signal depends on a load of the power converter.07-18-2013
20110310638POWER FACTOR CORRECTOR AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention relates to a power factor corrector and a driving method thereof.12-22-2011
20110317452BI-DIRECTIONAL POWER CONVERTER WITH REGULATED OUTPUT AND SOFT SWITCHING - A resonant, bi-directional, DC to DC voltage converter with loss-less (soft) switching having regulated output and capable of converting power between two, high-potential and low-potential DC voltage sources. The converter's semiconductor and magnetic components provide both, output regulation and soft switching in both (step-down and step-up) directions of power conversion which reduces total component count, cost and volume and enhances power conversion efficiency.12-29-2011
20120020119AC-DC CONVERTER AND CONTROL CIRCUIT THEREOF - The invention discloses a control circuit for an AC-DC converter. The control circuit includes a power control circuit for comparing an input current sensing signal generated by sensing an input current of the AC-DC converter and a power level control input and in response thereto generating a frequency modulation control signal, in which the frequency modulation control signal is used to control the output power of the AC-DC converter and suppress harmonics of the input current, and a square wave generator connected to the power control circuit for generating a driving signal used to drive the switch circuit of the AC-DC converter according to the frequency modulation control signal, in which the frequency of the driving signal is varied with the frequency modulation control signal, thereby suppressing harmonics of the input current and regulating the switching frequency the AC-DC converter, and regulating the output power of the AC-DC converter.01-26-2012
20130194832CONVERTER DRIVING CIRCUIT, DUAL-MODE LLC RESONANT CONVERTER SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF DRIVING DUAL-MODE LLC RESONANT CONVERTER - Disclosed herein are a converter driving circuit for adjusting a variable range of a driving control voltage according to an amplitude and frequency change of a feedback voltage, a dual-mode LLC resonant converter system, and a method of driving the dual-mode LLC resonant converter.08-01-2013

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