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Voltage regulator protective circuits

Subclass of:

361 - Electricity: electrical systems and devices

361001000 - SAFETY AND PROTECTION OF SYSTEMS AND DEVICES

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DocumentTitleDate
20110194217POWER SUPPLIES WITH TESTABLE CURRENT LIMITERS, AND METHODS OF OPERATING SAME - A power supply (08-11-2011
20110194216Protection Circuit for Protecting an Intermediate Circuit of a Solar Inverter Against Overvoltages - An input-side protective circuit for protecting an intermediate circuit of an inverter against overvoltages, wherein the input-side protective circuit includes an upstream element for limiting the voltage of the intermediate circuit connected upstream of the intermediate circuit and which is bridgeable by a mechanical switching device that is controllable such that it opens in a feed-in operation of the inverter when an intermediate circuit voltage is greater than a specified voltage limit. The protective circuit also includes an electronic voltage limiter connected downstream of the upstream element and connected in parallel to the intermediate circuit.08-11-2011
20110194215EMI Noise Shielding Device - An EMI noise shielding device applied to a power supply control system includes a first resistor with a terminal electrically coupled to a terminal of a second resistor to form an input terminal, a differential amplifier for receiving a feedback voltage (Vfb) signal containing a noise from the input terminal to perform a first filter process to generate a first node voltage (VA) signal, a signal converter for receiving the first node voltage (VA) signal to perform an analog-to-digital signal conversion process and a second filter process to generate a second node voltage (VB) signal, and a digital control circuit for receiving the second node voltage (VB) signal to perform a determination process and a third filter process to generate a third node voltage (VC) signal. Therefore, the noise signal contained in the feedback voltage (Vfb) signal can be filtered to maintain the normal operation of the power supply control system.08-11-2011
20110194214HIGH DIMMING RATIO CONTROL AND SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION FOR LED DRIVE WITH STEP UP CONVERTER - The present invention discloses a step up circuit with output floating for driving a load such as a LED or a series of LEDs in a string. The step up circuit comprises an input port, an output port, an inductor, an input capacitor, an output capacitor, a first switch, a second switch and a third switch. The third switch S08-11-2011
20130033786High Efficiency Power Regulator and Method - An embodiment high efficiency power regulator comprises a three-terminal converter and a protection device. The three-terminal converter comprises a first terminal coupled to a positive terminal of an input voltage bus, a second terminal coupled to a positive terminal of an output voltage bus and a third terminal coupled to the protection device. The protection device comprises an inrush current limiting element connected in series with a reverse polarity protection device.02-07-2013
20130027815ADJACENT TERMINAL FAULT DETECTION - This relates to detecting unwanted couplings between a protected terminal and other terminals in an integrated controller of a power supply. Offset and clamp circuitry may apply a positive or negative offset voltage and clamp current to one or more terminals of the controller. In the event that a terminal having the offset voltage and clamp current is accidentally coupled to the protected terminal, the offset voltage and clamp current may be applied to the protected terminal. The protected terminal may be coupled to a fault detection circuitry operable to detect a fault signal at the protected terminal. The fault detection circuitry of the controller may cause the power supply to shut down in response to a detection of the fault signal at the protected terminal or may cause the power supply to shut down in response to a detection of a predefined threshold number of cycles in which the fault signal is detected.01-31-2013
20080278868OVERHEAT PROTECTION CIRCUIT - An overheat protection circuit of a semiconductor apparatus has an output current detecting circuit for detecting an output current of a constant voltage circuit; a temperature detector for detecting a temperature of the apparatus; an output current control circuit for controlling the output current in accordance with output of the temperature detector; a bias current source for providing a bias current for the temperature detector; and a switch for controlling the bias current from the bias current source to the temperature detector. The output current control circuit interrupts the output current when the temperature detector detects a temperature that is higher than a predetermined temperature. The output current detecting circuit and the output current control circuit may be used to control the switch to prevent oscillation of the output current in the vicinity of the predetermined temperature.11-13-2008
20130070372PROTECTION CIRCUIT, RESONANT CONVERTER INCLUDING THE PROTECTION CIRCUIT, AND PROTECTING METHOD OF THE RESONANT CONVERTER - The present invention relates to a protection circuit, a resonance converter having the same, and a protection method thereof. A resonance converter having high-side and low-side switches senses a current flowing through the low-side switch and determines a zero voltage switching failure by using a width of a current flowing to a negative direction of the low-side switch.03-21-2013
20110002069ELECTRIC CIRCUIT - A functional element is prevented from breakdown and deterioration because of mounting and demounting of the functional element immediately after cut-off of driving power from a constant-current power supply or during supply of the driving power.01-06-2011
20130050880SOLID STATE POWER CONTROLLER FOR HIGH VOLTAGE DIRECT CURRENT SYSTEMS - A solid state power controller system can include a direct current load, a solid state power controller apparatus including an alternating current sensor coupled to the direct current load, a direct current sensor coupled to the direct current load, a voltage sensor coupled to the direct current load, a main switch coupled to the direct current load via the alternating and direct current sensors, an auxiliary switch coupled in parallel to the main switch, a current limiting resistor coupled in series to the auxiliary switch and a solid state power controller coupled to the main switch, the auxiliary switch, the alternating current sensor, the direct current sensor, and the voltage sensor, and a direct current power source coupled to the solid state power controller apparatus.02-28-2013
20130050879High Efficiency Bridgeless PFC Converter and Method - An embodiment bridgeless power factor correction circuit comprises a first boost converter and a second boost converter connected in parallel. A first switch is coupled between the input of the first boost converter and ground. A second switch is coupled between the input of the second boost converter and ground. Both the first switch and the second switch help to reduce the common mode noise of the bridgeless power factor correction circuit. The bridgeless power factor correction circuit further comprises two surge protection diodes coupled between the inputs of two boost converters and the output of the bridgeless power factor correction circuit.02-28-2013
20090303641SWITCHING REGULATOR AND OPERATIONS CONTROL METHOD THEREOF - A switching regulator is disclosed. In the switching regulator, when a power source voltage is lowered to a first predetermined value due to an overcurrent, a voltage boost operation is temporarily stopped, and a delay timer of a delay circuit is not reset. When the overcurrent is detected again due to a rise of the power source voltage after temporarily stopping the voltage boost operation, the delay timer of the delay circuit continues to count the delay period. The voltage boost operation is completely stopped by receiving a signal output from the delay circuit when the delay timer completes the counting after passing a predetermined delay period.12-10-2009
20120218670POWER SUPPLY DEVICE HAVING OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION FUNCTION - There is provided a power supply device having an overvoltage protection function against an overvoltage caused by a lightning strike, a power surge, or the like. The power supply device having an overvoltage protection function includes: a power supply unit inverting input power to supply driving power; a controller controlling an inverting operation of the power supply unit in response to an external control signal; and a protection unit interrupting the control signal provided to the controller to stop the inverting operation of the power supply unit when a voltage level of the input power is equal to a pre-set voltage level or higher.08-30-2012
20120218668BIAS VOLTAGE CIRCUIT FOR BIASING A TRANSIENT SUPPRESSION DEVICE AND APPARATUS USING SAME - Embodiments provide a charge pump circuit which produces a bias voltage that is applied to a transient suppression device used to clamp both positive and negative transients on signal lines. The bias voltage can be set to a level that is above the sum of a DC voltage differential between positive and negative signal lines and the maximum signal voltage.08-30-2012
20100123979SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY PROTECTION SYSTEM, MOTHER BOARD AND COMPUTER - By using switching power supplies a, b, and n, which have detection function of over-current, over-voltage and low voltage, in the case where a short-circuit occurred in a load which is connected to output of a switching power supply, and in the case where a MOSFET of the switching power supply is in a short-circuit state and broken, a main power is forced to be off, and a failure log of the switching power supply is stored in a non-volatile memory unit EEPROM; and also in the case where the main power was turned off and on, even if an abnormal log of the switching power supply logged in the non-volatile memory unit, reclosing of the main power is suppressed and which of the switching power supply occurred failure is notified to the outside.05-20-2010
20090268355SAFETY OUTPUT DEVICE FOR USE IN A POWER CONVERTER AND POWER CONVERTER PROVIDED WITH THE SAME - The present invention relates to a safety output device for use in a power converter that includes a converter main body adapted for outputting a direct-current electric power at a predetermined voltage. The safety output device is adapted for being associated with an electricity consuming device that is powered by the power converter and comprises a wire set adapted for being electrically connected to the converter main body, a sensing controller for measuring a voltage difference in the wire set, and a switch adapted for being actuated by the sensing controller to permit electric conduction from the converter main body to the electricity consuming device when the voltage difference is detected to be substantially equal to the predetermined voltage.10-29-2009
20120229937HIGH CURRENT DC SWITCHING CONTROLLER WITH FAULT MONITORING - A system includes a control switch and a control module. The control switch is configured to drive current through an electrical load in a closed state, and disconnect the electrical load from a power supply in an open state. The control module is configured to connect to a thermostat switch that operates in one of an open state or a closed state based on a temperature of the thermostat switch. The control module is further configured to control a state of the control switch based on a state of the thermostat switch and detect a fault in the control switch based on the state of the thermostat switch and a voltage across the control switch.09-13-2012
20120113551Method and Apparatus of Providing Over-Temperature Protection for Power Converters - The present invention provides a power converter. The power converter includes a transformer, a power switch and a controller. The transformer has a primary winding, a secondary winding and an auxiliary winding. The power switch is coupled to the primary winding of the transformer to regulate the power converter. The controller has an output terminal for generating a driving signal to switch the power switch in response to a switching signal. A thermal resistor is coupled to the output terminal of the controller. The driving signal is adjusted across the thermal resistor during an off-period of the switching signal.05-10-2012
20120236439ELECTRICAL ACCUMULATOR UNITS WITH SAFE TURN-OFF - An electrical accumulator unit includes a power storage device, a first switch, a power converter, a controller, and a dissipation circuit for dissipating energy remnant in the power converter when the electrical accumulator unit is turned Off. The first switch connects the power storage device to the power converter, which includes at least a second switch that is selectively turned On and Off to regulate the transfer of power between the power storage device and an output of the electrical accumulator unit. The controller turns Off the electrical accumulator device by turning Off the first switch, thereby disconnecting the power storage device from the power converter, and turning On the second switch to connect the dissipation circuit to the power converter in a recirculation circuit path that dissipates energy stored in the power converter.09-20-2012
20090219654Two Level Current Limiting Power Supply System - A two level current limiting power supply system is capable of reducing thermal stress during current overload conditions. According to an exemplary embodiment, the power supply system includes a measurement device for measuring a current supplied to a load, and a processor for disabling the current to the load for a first disable period if the current exceeds a first threshold for a first test period, and for disabling the current to the load for a second disable period if the current exceeds a second threshold for a second test period.09-03-2009
20110279930Switching regulator control circuit - The present invention discloses a switching regulator control circuit which distinguishes the output short-circuit condition, which imposes immediate danger, from other mild over current conditions. The switching regulator control circuit includes: an over current judgment circuit comparing a current sense signal with a current limit to generate an over current indication signal; a time comparison circuit comparing the over current indication signal with a clock signal to generate an output short-circuit indication signal; and a timer receiving the over current indication signal and the output short-circuit indication signal, wherein when the output short-circuit indication signal does not indicate output short-circuit, the timer counts a first time period, and when the output short-circuit indication signal indicates output short-circuit, the timer counts a second time period shorter than the first time period, for better safety protection.11-17-2011
20090135531OVERCURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUIT, LOAD DRIVING DEVICE, MOTOR DRIVING DEVICE, ELECTRIC APPLIANCE, POWER SUPPLY DEVICE - In an overcurrent protection circuit 05-28-2009
20100321837ELECTRONIC PROTECTION UNIT FOR AUTOMATIC CIRCUIT BREAKERS AND RELATIVE PROCESS - Electronic protection unit comprising a control unit and a main and auxiliary power supply stage to supply electrical power to said control unit. The auxiliary power supply stage comprises electronic means suitable to generate an auxiliary power supply voltage, in response to a light radiation received in input. In a further aspect, the present invention relates to a process to manage an electronic protection unit of a power line, in emergency condition.12-23-2010
20120106007Shunt Regulator for Overvoltage Protection at Transformer Rectifier Unit of Electrical Generating System - An electrical system includes an alternating current (AC) source; a transformer rectifier unit (TRU) connected to the AC source, the TRU configured to receive AC power from the AC source, convert the AC power to direct current (DC) power, and output DC power; a DC bus configured to receive the DC power output by the TRU; at least one DC load powered by the DC bus; and a shunt regulator connected to the output of the TRU, the shunt regulator configured to overload the output of the TRU in the event of an overvoltage condition at the output of the TRU, such that a voltage available to the DC bus during the overvoltage condition does not exceed a reference voltage.05-03-2012
20110141632REVERSAL CONNECTION PROTECTING CIRCUIT - The present invention discloses a reversal connection protecting circuit. The reversal connection protecting circuit includes a power supply interface, a secondary battery, a reversal connection driving unit and a power switching unit. The reversal connection protecting circuit further includes an anti-reversal unit. And the reversal connection protecting circuit further includes a processing unit and a warning interface. According to the present invention, the inconvenience brought by substituting a fuse that is melted in a protecting circuit under the condition that the power supply of the protecting circuit is reversely connected in prior art is overcome.06-16-2011
20110141631POWER FACTOR CORRECTION TYPE SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY UNIT - A power factor correction type switching power supply unit can change reference values of an overcurrent limit at an optimum timing at a time of an overcurrent protection of a step-up type converter, so that no sudden change occurs in an inductor current. A detection level selection circuit selects one of first and second threshold values with a selection signal, and outputs it as an overcurrent detection level to an overcurrent detection circuit. An input voltage monitoring circuit determines the selection signal in such a way that the larger of two threshold values is selected when an alternating current input voltage exceeds a first reference voltage, and the smaller threshold value is selected when the alternating current input voltage does not exceed a second reference voltage, and outputs the selection signal to the detection level selection circuit at a timing at which the alternating current input voltage approaches a zero.06-16-2011
20110007433FILTER APPLIANCE FOR A MULTIPHASE ELECTRICAL CONVERTER DEVICE - A filter appliance comprises first electrical terminals (01-13-2011
20100033882Circuit Arrangement and Method for Increasing the Safety of an Electronic Operating Device - A circuit arrangement for increasing the safety of an electronic operating device comprising: mains input terminals (02-11-2010
20100259855DIMMER CIRCUIT WITH OVERCURRENT DETECTION - Disclosed is a method and apparatus for detecting an overcurrent condition in a dimmer circuit having two switches, each for controlling power delivered to a load, each switch having a respective anti-parallel diode. The method comprises sensing a voltage drop across one of the anti-parallel diodes, comparing the sensed voltage drop with a reference voltage, and determining that an overcurrent condition exists if the sensed voltage drop exceeds the reference voltage. Also disclosed is a dimmer circuit embodying the method.10-14-2010
20100110593POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CIRCUIT AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention relates to a set protection circuit for when a diode short-circuit defect occurs in a power factor correction circuit of a critical conduction mode. In a conventional power factor correction circuit, an excessive amount of current flows to a switch if a diode is short-circuited so that the switch is damaged. In order to prevent damage to the switch, the present invention provides a method for stopping turn-on of the switch when a switch current is excessive.05-06-2010
20080304187FAULT CONDITION PROTECTION - A power converter controller circuit is disclosed. In one aspect, a power converter controller circuit includes a control circuit to generate a switching signal to be coupled to a power switch to control power delivered to an output of a power converter. A timing circuit is to be coupled to the power switch and coupled to receive a feedback signal and the switching signal. The timing circuit is to disable the power switch from receiving the switching signal in response to the feedback signal after detection of a fault condition. The feedback signal repeatedly transitions between first and second states in response to the output when the power supply operates normally. The feedback signal maintains its state when the power supply is in the fault condition. The feedback signal transitions between the first and second states independently from the switching signal.12-11-2008
20100226051METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN INVERTER - Aspects of the invention are directed to methods and apparatus to protect an inverter from failure due to neutral lifting. In one aspect, the present invention provides a method of controlling an inverter in a UPS, the inverter being selectively coupled to a power line and comprising an input to receive an input voltage from the power line. The method comprises acts of monitoring the input voltage, detecting based on the act of monitoring, that the input voltage exceeds a predetermined high threshold value, isolating the inverter from the power line responsive to detecting that the input voltage exceeds a predetermined high threshold value, determining whether or not a neutral lifting condition exists on the power line, indicating that the inverter is in a fault state if the neutral lifting condition exists, and reconnecting the inverter to the power line if the neutral lifting condition does not exist.09-09-2010
20100067152ABNORMAL CURRENT PREVENTIVE CIRCUIT OF DC-DC CONVERTER - The voltage of a detection resistor connected to the drain of a low-side switching device is normally a negative voltage, but a positive voltage appears when a countercurrent occurs in an abnormal state. A current comparator monitors the voltage of the detection resistor, transmits high output to an AND circuit whole the voltage of the detection resistor is a negative voltage to maintain the output voltage of the current comparator in a low state when an output signal of a driver can be transmitted to the low-side switching device, and allows the output voltage of the current comparator in a low state when the voltage of the detection resistor becomes a positive voltage, thereby forcibly turning off the low-side switching device.03-18-2010
20100195254OVERCURRENT AND BROWN OUT PROTECTION APPARATUS - A discontinuous conduction mode (DCM) converter is provided. The converter comprises a transformer having a primary and a secondary side, an RCD network, a rectifier, a switch, and a controller. The transformer has primary side with a first primary winding and a second primary winding and has a secondary side with a secondary winding. The RCD network is coupled to the first primary winding and is adapted to receive energy from the leakage inductance of the first primary winding. The rectifier is coupled to the second primary winding. The switch is coupled between the RCD network and ground. The controller receives indicia of a rectified voltage from the rectifier, indicia of current from the switch, indicia of transformer magnetization and controls the actuation of the switch. Preferably, the controller provides an actuation signal to the switch with actuation periods that are separated from one another by an interval that allows energy within the transformer to substantially dissipate. Average output current of this converter is generally limited from the peak switch current level that is allowed by the controller and a switching frequency that the controller allows the converter to operate.08-05-2010
20090262469CIRCUIT FOR PROTECTING A DC NETWORK WITH DC LOADS AGAINST OVERVOLTAGE - A circuit (S) for protecting a DC network having DC loads (10-22-2009
20090262468TEMPERATURE PROTECTION CIRCUIT, POWER SUPPLY, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE - A temperature protection circuit comprises means adapted to compare the temperature being monitored with each of threshold temperatures and judging that the temperature being monitored reaches a threshold temperature when the temperature being monitored is maintained at the threshold temperature or more for a predetermined confirmation period, means adapted to set a longer confirmation period as the threshold temperature compared with the temperature being monitored is lower, means adapted to generate one of corresponding temperature protection signals (Sarm, Slmt, Stsd10-22-2009
20090279214PROTECTION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR A POWER CONVERTER - A power converter uses a PWM controller to provide a driver output to modulate the duty of the power converter. A protection apparatus and method compare a current sense input of the PWM controller with a reference voltage to assert a signal representing failure, count the number of cycles where the signal representing failure is asserted, and reset an enable signal to inhibit the driver output if the signal representing failure is asserted in several cycles.11-12-2009
20090168274METHOD AND SYSTEM OF PROVIDING OVERLOAD AND SHORT-CIRCUIT PROTECTION FOR SWITCHED MODE POWER SUPPLY - A method of providing overload and short-circuit protection for a Switched Mode Power Supply (SMPS). The method may rely upon sensing a temperature change rate for a component of the SMPS and implementing a protection scheme when the temperature change rate exceeds a desired temperature change rate. The implementation scheme may include permanently or temporarily shutting-off the component.07-02-2009
20120293893SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT - A power source circuit includes a voltage converter circuit and a control circuit that includes a voltage divider circuit and a protective circuit. The protective circuit includes a first oxide semiconductor transistor in which an off-state current is increased as temperature is increased, a capacitor that accumulates the off-state current as electric charge, a second oxide semiconductor transistor, and an operational amplifier including a non-inverting input terminal to which a reference voltage is input. The first oxide semiconductor transistor is provided near the voltage converter circuit or an element that generates heat in the control circuit.11-22-2012
20120293892POWER PROTECTION CIRCUIT - A power protection circuit includes a fuse, a plurality of voltage converters, and controller. The fuse is electrically connected to a power source to transfer electric energy. The controller controls the fuse and the voltage converters, and the voltage converters are selectably electrically connected to or disconnected from the power source through the fuse. When the output voltage of a voltage converter exceeds a predetermined voltage of the voltage converter, the controller blows the fuse to the voltage converters. Hence, a computer cannot be restarted immediately before troubleshooting and replacement of the blown fuse, which can protect the voltage converters and the adjacent components in the computer due to direct reboot.11-22-2012
20100103567Circuit arrangement for protecting electronic devices against incorrect logic voltages - The invention is based on the problem of devising a circuit arrangement (04-29-2010
20100271736Protecting lower voltage domain devices during operation in a higher voltage domain - Circuitry is disclosed that comprises: a high voltage rail for providing a high voltage level corresponding to a first higher voltage domain; an intermediate voltage source, a low voltage rail; and a plurality of devices configured to operate in a second lower voltage domain; said circuitry being configured such that a first set of said plurality of devices are arranged in an upper voltage region where they are powered between said high voltage rail and an intermediate voltage rail powered by said intermediate voltage source and a second set of said plurality of devices are arranged in a lower voltage region where they are powered between said intermediate voltage rail and said low voltage rail, said circuitry being configured such that on power up said intermediate voltage source is powered before said high voltage rail, said circuitry further comprising: an isolating circuit arranged in said upper voltage region, said isolating circuit comprising at least one switching device for connecting said intermediate voltage source to at least one node in said circuitry in response to said high voltage rail being powered, and for isolating said at least one node from said intermediate voltage source and for connecting said at least one node to said high voltage rail in response to said intermediate voltage source being powered and said high voltage rail not being powered in order to impede current flow from said intermediate voltage source to said high voltage rail via said node when said high voltage rail is not powered.10-28-2010
20110205672MOTOR CONTROLLER AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE - A microcomputer detects and determines whether a problem exists in a power supply breaker of an ECU functioning as a motor controller. Specifically, the microcomputer determines whether there is a malfunction caused by a short circuit in a first FET based on the output voltage and output voltage that are detected in a first FET and a second FET, respectively, when the switching states of the first and second FETs are both off. Afterwards, the microcomputer determines whether there is a malfunction caused by a break in the first FET based on the output voltages of the first and second FETs that are detected when only the first FET is switched on. If the microcomputer determines that the first FET is free from any malfunction, the microcomputer determines whether there is a malfunction caused by a short circuit or a break in the second FET by comparing the output voltage of the first FET and a charge voltage of a smoothing capacitor that are detected afterwards.08-25-2011
20080266727Control of a power semiconductor switch - Method and arrangement for controlling the gate control voltage (U10-30-2008
20110007434OVER CURRENT PROTECTING DEVICE AND METHOD ADAPTED TO DC-DC CONVERTER - The invention discloses an over current protecting device and the method thereof. The over current protecting device is adapted to a DC-DC converter. A voltage output end of the DC-DC converter may generate an output current and transmit the output current to a load on a motherboard via a power copper layer on the motherboard. The over current protecting method includes the following steps: detecting a voltage drop on the power copper layer; controlling the DC-DC converter to operate normally when the voltage drop is smaller than a threshold value; and controlling the DC-DC converter to stop operating when the voltage drop is larger than the threshold value.01-13-2011
20110007435SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTING DEVICE AND METHOD THEREOF FOR DC-DC CONVERTER WITH SOFT-START FUNCTION - The invention discloses a short circuit protecting device adapted to a DC-DC converter with a soft-start function, and a voltage output terminal of the DC-DC converter increases an output current in segments in multiple time periods after the DC-DC converter is started. The short circuit protecting device including a voltage sensor connected to the voltage output terminal to sense the output voltage; a start timer generating a enable signal in a predetermined period after the DC-DC converter is started; a comparison circuit connected to the voltage sensor and the start timer and comparing the output voltage with a predetermined voltage according to the enable signal. The sum of the time period is a startup time of the DC-DC converter, and the startup time is longer than the predetermined period. When the output voltage is smaller than the predetermined voltage, a comparison circuit outputs a control signal to stop the DC-DC converter.01-13-2011
20110007432Power Node Switching Center With Active Feedback Control Of Power Switches - A circuit fault detector and interrupter which consists of parallel current conduction paths, including a path through a mechanical contactor and a path through a power electronics switch having active feedback control. A fault can be detected by a fault detection circuit within 50 microseconds of the occurrence of the fault, causing the mechanical contactor to be opened and the fault current to be commutated via a laminated, low-inductance bus through the power electronics switch. The power electronics switch is thereafter turned off as soon as possible, interrupting the fault current and absorbing the inductive energy in the circuit. The fault current can be interrupted within 200 microseconds of the occurrence of the fault, and the device reduces or eliminates arcing when the mechanical contactor is opened.01-13-2011
20090180219APPARATUS FOR DETECTING ERROR OCCURRING TO POWER CONVERTER AND DETECTING METHOD THEREOF - An apparatus is applicable to a power converter comprising a primary winding for receiving an input voltage and a secondary winding for generating an output voltage to power a load. The apparatus comprises a detecting circuit, a comparing circuit, and a determining circuit. The detecting circuit is configured to generate a feedback signal according to the output voltage. The comparing circuit is coupled to the detecting circuit and configured to compare the feedback signal and a threshold and accordingly generates an indication signal indicative of the over high output voltage. The determining circuit, which is in response to the indication signal, is configured to trigger an over voltage protection mechanism preventing the power converter from powering the load. Since the feedback signal is instantly responsive to the output voltage, the occurrence of an error can be rapidly and correctly detected, allowing rapid and correct protection for the power converter.07-16-2009
20120140362Method of Operating a Heating Element for Underfloor Heating - A heating element includes two flexible plastics layers connected in overlying relationship with first and second conductors each running along the element between the layers the side edges with a row of printed conductive strips at right angles to the conductors. A grounding layer comprising a sheet of foil laminated to a carrier is laminated to the heating element. A reinforcing layer in the form of a bitumen anti-fracture membrane is applied on one surface and a reinforcing layer of a fiber reinforced material is applied on the opposite surface for engagement into a tile adhesive layer. A resistor is provided between the grounding layer and the ground terminal of a GFI or similar device for controlling the heating current so as to avoid false triggering of the GFI.06-07-2012
20090323231SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - In a semiconductor device, low-level signals are output from a terminal voltage detecting circuit when the connection between an external terminal and a resistor is cut off, or when the connection between the resistor and a ground voltage is cut off, or when the external terminal short-circuits to the ground voltage. Accordingly, a PMOS transistor is turned on so that an oscillating circuit stops oscillating and outputs high-level signals from its output terminal.12-31-2009
20090052096Power Supply Controller - A gate driver 02-26-2009
20120033333POWER PROTECTION CIRCUIT - A power protection circuit includes a power providing unit, a first and second voltage converters, a first and second switches, a first and second voltage detecting circuits, and a first and second warning circuits. The first switch connects between the power providing unit and the first voltage converter. The second switch connects between the power providing unit and the second voltage converter. The first and second voltage detecting circuits are respectively connected to the first and second voltage converters. The first and second warning circuits are respectively connected to the first and second voltage detecting circuits. When the input voltage of the first voltage detecting circuit drops, the first switch turns off the first voltage converter, the first warning circuit signals a warning; when the input voltage of the second voltage detecting circuit drops, the second switch turns off the second voltage converter, the second warning circuit signals a warning.02-09-2012
20120106008SPIKE SUPPRESSION CIRCUIT AND CONVERSION CONTROL CIRCUIT - A spike suppression circuit for filtering out voltage oscillation produced by an inductive component and a conversion control circuit are disclosed. The spike suppression circuit includes an energy release path and a detection circuit. One end of the energy release path is coupled to a connection terminal of a circuit, and the other end thereof is coupled to a reference voltage. The detection circuit is coupled to the connection terminal. The detection circuit has a high-pass component for turning on the energy release path when the voltage on the connection terminal has a high-frequency signal.05-03-2012
20090273865POWER SUPPLY WITH ADJUSTABLE OUTPUTTED VOLTAGE - A power supply with adjustable outputted voltage includes an AC power input processing circuit and a DC power input processing circuit. The AC power input processing circuit has at least one voltage adjuster that is electrically connected with the DC power input processing circuit for adjusting the outputted voltage. The DC power input processing circuit includes a current sensor, a DC/DC converter, a ripple filter, and a DC/DC self-drive switch. When an extremely large inputted current is detected by the current sensor and the DC/DC converter stops actions, the DC/DC self-drive switch is turned off to protect the circuit.11-05-2009
20100157487SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT RATCHETING IN SWITCH MODE DC/DC VOLTAGE REGULATORS - A regulator with a high side pass device and a low side pass device coupled in series to the high side pass device is disclosed. The apparatus further includes a control module coupled to the high side pass device and the low side pass device. The control module is coupled to the high side pass device and the low side pass device to control the high side pass device and the low side pass device. The control module is operable to lock out the high side pass device under certain conditions.06-24-2010
20100188785DEVICE FOR MONITORING AND PROTECTING THE POWER SUPPLY OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING SAID DEVICE - A device for monitoring and protecting electrical equipment, placed in series on a power supply line between an electrical power source and the equipment, includes: 07-29-2010
20100188784CIRCUITRY AND METHODOLOGY FOR PROTECTING A BOOST DC/DC CONVERTER - Protection circuitry protects a boost converter coupled between input and output nodes for driving a load coupled to the output node. The protection circuitry may comprise a first circuit configured for monitoring a voltage at the output node, the voltage being caused by a signal having a voltage proximate to, or lower than, an input voltage of the boost converter. The protection circuitry may also include a second circuit configured for coupling together the input node with respect to the output node and enabling the boost converter only if the monitored voltage exceeds a reference voltage.07-29-2010
20100014195Power Supply Controller - A comparator receives, on its second input terminal, a third anomaly threshold voltage from a threshold voltage generator, and outputs a low-level breaking indication signal to a control logic portion when a terminal voltage falls below the third anomaly threshold voltage. Three threshold setting resistors are serially connected between the source of a power MOSFET and a ground terminal. A divided voltage at the connecting point between the threshold setting resistors and is outputted as the third anomaly threshold voltage.01-21-2010
20120194947VOLTAGE REGULATOR - Provided is a voltage regulator capable of providing overcurrent protection without increasing current consumption even when an output current increases. An overcurrent protection circuit includes: a sense resistor provided to a drain of an output transistor, for sensing an output current; an offset comparator for comparing voltages at both terminals of the sense resistor; and a first transistor including a gate connected to an output of the offset comparator. A current path between a detection transistor and the sense resistor is eliminated, and hence a current for detection does not increase even when an output current is large.08-02-2012
20100238595Excess-Current Protection Circuit And Power Supply - An excess-current protection circuit includes an outer input terminal, an outer output terminal, a driver transistor connected between the input terminal and the output terminal to control an excess current, an excess-current control circuit, and an excess-current detection circuit. The excess-current control circuit compares a predetermined first bias voltage with a voltage obtained by a current flowing through a first sense transistor multiplied by a resistance value of a sense resistor and controls the gate voltage of the driver transistor in accordance with a comparison result. The excess-current detection circuit compares voltage difference between the drain and source of the driver transistor with a predetermined second bias voltage and controls the gate voltage of the driver transistor in accordance with a comparison result.09-23-2010
20110058287METHOD OF FORMING A DETECTION CIRCUIT AND STRUCTURE THEREFOR - In one embodiment, a power supply controller is configured to use a current to detect two different operating conditions on a single input terminal.03-10-2011
20110058286ELECTRICAL APPARATUS WITH HIGHER DURABILITY AGAINST SURGES - An electrical apparatus, which is immovable in a facility, comprises plural electric circuits. Each electric circuit has one or more resistance elements and is connected to each input terminal connected a power source. The electric circuits are arranged positionally closely with each other. In each electric circuit, a desired functional circuit is connected in series to the resistance element, and a protection circuit is connected in series to the resistance element and connected in parallel with the functional circuit. A discharge member is provided in each electric circuit and arranged between each input terminal and the functional circuit. The discharge member includes a discharge gap which allows the discharge member to face with the discharge member of an adjacently arranged electric circuit. The discharge gap discharge deliberately to the adjacently positioned discharge member when a voltage applied to any of the electric circuits exceeds a predetermined voltage value.03-10-2011
20110058285OVER-CURRENT PROTECTION DEVICE FOR A SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY - An over-current protection device is employed to control switching associated with a switched mode power supply to prevent the excessive buildup of current. The device includes a function for relating the switching of the SMPS with a monitored output of the SMPS. This function is selectively modified to ensure the current associated with the SMPS does not exceed a maximum value and does not fall below a minimum value.03-10-2011
20110058284THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE UTILIZED AS VOLTAGE SNUBBER - An electric circuit includes a plurality of electric circuit elements. The circuit is prone to creating voltage spikes on a pair of spaced lines. A jumper line connects the pair of spaced lines. A thermoelectric element is connected on the jumper line such that the voltage spike will pass through a hot node on the thermoelectric element. A cool node of the thermoelectric element is positioned adjacent to components which require cooling.03-10-2011
20100208393IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION OF AN AEROSPACE AC-DC POWER SYSTEM IN THE PRESENCE OF DC CONTENT DUE TO FAULTY LOADS - A fault protection system for an AC-DC distribution system detects the presence of DC content at individual loads, isolates the load responsible for the fault from the remainder of the distribution system, and blocks DC content from being propagated from the faulty load to the AC source. The fault protection system includes at least one circuit breaker connected to monitor the AC current provided to the individual electrical load and to detect the presence of DC content indicative of the load being faulty. In response to detected DC content, the circuit breaker trips open to disconnect the electrical load from the AC distribution system to prevent DC content from being propagated to adjacent loads.08-19-2010
20110235219PROTECTING DEVICE - A protecting device includes a power plug, a switch circuit, and a power supply circuit. The switch circuit is connected to the power plug. The power supply circuit is connected to the switch circuit and the power plug. When the temperature of the protecting device is higher than a predetermined temperature, a voltage at a node between a thermo-sensor and a variable resistor is higher than a turn-on voltage of a second electrical switch to turn on the second electrical switch, a first electrical switch is turned off, the power supply circuit is disconnected from the power plug to stop the electronic device from working.09-29-2011
20090290269Power converter - The objective of the present invention is to provide a power converter capable of not only boosting the voltage but also shutting-off the flowing current, by switching only the switch element. The power converter 11-26-2009
20090284876Electric Power Converter - A voltage source converter including a string of series connected active semiconducting elements. The converter includes in case of an active semiconducting element failure a calculation element configured to calculate an operation dc voltage including a sum of dc ratings of each remaining active semiconducting element in the string, and a regulator configured to regulate the converter to assume the operation dc voltage over the converter.11-19-2009
20090116154DISCHARGING CONTROL APPARATUS OF SWITCHING DEVICE FOR INVERTER - Disclosed is a discharging control apparatus of a switching device for an inverter capable of reducing a spike voltage when the switching device is turned off and reducing a turn-off time of the switching device, the apparatus comprising, a fast discharge circuit section configured to provide a discharging path through which a gate voltage of the switching device is fast discharged at a first discharging speed, an idle discharge circuit section configured to provide a discharging path through which the gate voltage of the switching device is idly discharged at a second discharging speed slower than the first discharging speed, and a spike voltage reduction controller configured to control such that the gate voltage is discharged simultaneously via the fast discharge circuit section and the idle discharge circuit section, when the switching device is turned off in the state that a normal current flows in the switching device, so as to reduce a spike voltage and simultaneously fast turn the switching device off.05-07-2009
20090116153POWER CONVERSION SYSTEM AND OVER-LOAD PROTECTION DEVICE THEREOF - A power conversion system and over-load protection device thereof includes a first detection circuit, a charging/discharging circuit, and a second detection circuit. The discharging/charging circuit charges based on a feedback signal relative to output of the power conversion system. A switching-disabling control signal is produced based on the charge of the discharging/charging circuit, to disable the power conversion system.05-07-2009
20110002068SWITCHING REGULATOR WITH FAULT PROTECTION AND METHOD THEREOF - A switching regulator with fault protection and method thereof. The switching regulator comprises a switching circuit, a control circuit, a fault detection circuit and a fault timer. The fault detection circuit is electrically coupled to the switching circuit to detect whether a fault condition exists and generate a fault signal accordingly. The fault timer starts to time once the fault signal becomes valid, and is reset when the fault signal becomes invalid. If the fault time reaches a first time threshold, the control circuit is disabled, and the switch in the switching circuit is turned off.01-06-2011
20110019317TUNABLE VOLTAGE ISOLATION GROUND TO GROUND ESD CLAMP - A tunable voltage isolation ground to ground ESD clamp is provided. The clamp includes a dual-direction silicon controlled rectifier (SCR) and trigger elements. The SCR is coupled between first and second grounds. The trigger elements are also coupled between the first and second grounds. Moreover, the trigger elements are configured to provide a trigger current to the dual-direction silicon controlled rectifier when a desired voltage between the first and second grounds is reached.01-27-2011
20110110000Power System Having Voltage-Based Monitoring for Over Current Protection - A power control system reduces power losses by utilizing an over current protection method that detects an over current event based on a power utilization factor P05-12-2011
20110019315OVER-CURRENT PROTECTION FOR DC-TO-DC CONVERTERS - A DC-to-DC converter includes a switching control circuit adapted to provide a control signal having a duty cycle. A switching regulator is adapted to receive both a supply voltage having the first voltage level and the control signal. The switching regulator is further adapted to provide an output signal at the second voltage level as a function of both the supply voltage and the control signal. In addition, a current sensing circuit is adapted to provide at least one alarm signal based the duty cycle of the time-varying signal. Other systems and methods are also disclosed.01-27-2011
20110128654SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT RATCHETING IN SWITCH MODE DC/DC VOLTAGE REGULATORS - A regulator with a high side pass device and a low side pass device coupled in series to the high side pass device is disclosed. The apparatus further includes a control module coupled to the high side pass device and the low side pass device. The control module is coupled to the high side pass device and the low side pass device to control the high side pass device and the low side pass device. The control module is operable to lock out the high side pass device under certain conditions.06-02-2011
20110211281 POWER SUPPLY WITH OPEN-LOOP PROTECTION - A power supply with an open-loop protection according to the present invention comprises a transformer, a switch, a signal generation circuit, a feedback detection circuit, a brown-out detection circuit, and a delay circuit. The transformer receives an input voltage. The switch is coupled to the transformer for switching the transformer. The signal generation circuit generates a switching signal to control the switch. The feedback detection circuit generates a pull-high signal in response to a feedback signal of the power supply. The brown-out detection circuit generates a delay signal in response to the pull-high signal and the input voltage. The delay circuit counts a delay time in response to the delay signal for generating a disabling signal coupled to the signal generation circuit to latch the switching signal. The brown-out detection circuit is utilized to detect whether the input voltage is in the brown-out condition for determining whether the open-loop protection is executed.09-01-2011
20110242709POWER SOURCE VOLTAGE PROTECTIVE DEVICE AND POWER SOURCE VOLTAGE PROTECTION METHOD - A microcomputer 10 is equipped with a CPU 13 and an AD converter 15. The AD converter 15 is supplied with the same power source voltage as the CPU 13, and converts a reference voltage Vref into digital data using the received power source voltage and outputs the digital data as a conversion value. The CPU 13 detects a state of the power source voltage by calculating a voltage variation of a power source voltage for ordinary operation on the basis of a first conversion value obtained by AD-converting the reference voltage Vref by the AD converter 15 in a state that a standard power source voltage Vcc including no voltage variation is supplied to the AD converter 15 and a second conversion value obtained by AD-converting the reference voltage Vref by the AD converter 15 in a state that the power source voltage for ordinary operation is supplied to the AD converter 15.10-06-2011
20100046124Boost DC-DC converter control circuit and boost DC-DC converter having protection circuit interrupting overcurrent - A boost DC-DC converter control circuit includes a transistor which is disposed between an input terminal and an output terminal of a boost DC-DC converter, and which is configured to interrupt an overcurrent between the two terminals. The control circuit includes an amplifier configured to amplify a difference between a voltage of the transistor on a side of the input terminal and a voltage of the transistor on a side of the output terminal, and a comparator configured to compare an output voltage from the amplifier with a predetermined reference voltage. On- and off-states of the transistor are controlled in response to an output voltage from the comparator.02-25-2010
20100039735Diode Loss Detection for Low Side MOSFET of a Synchronous Output Stage - An embodiment of the invention relates to a switch-mode power converter including an inductor and an external rectifying diode. A series arrangement of a resistor and a switch are coupled in parallel with the external rectifying diode. The resistor and the switch enable continuous conduction mode, even at substantially no output current. A comparator senses a current level in the resistor. When the current level crosses a threshold level, the power converter is shut down. The current level is sensed with a second resistor coupled to a current source to produce a current sensing arrangement dependent on a ratio of resistances. Advantageously, the current level is sensed with clamp circuits coupled to the comparator, each clamp circuit including a series circuit arrangement of a field-effect transistor with a gate coupled to a voltage source.02-18-2010
20100046123Semiconductor switch control device - A semiconductor switch control device includes a current detecting unit that detects a current that flows in a semiconductor switch, a voltage detecting unit that detects a voltage, and a temperature detecting unit that detects a temperature. A transient thermal resistance value providing unit provides a transient thermal resistance value Z02-25-2010
20110102951POWER SUPPLY AND THE CONTROL METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME AND POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM INCORPORATING SUCH POWER SUPPLIES - Disclosed is a power supply and a power supply system using such power supply. The inventive power supply includes a power converter for converting an input voltage into an intermediate output voltage, an output protection circuit connected to an output terminal of the power converter and an output terminal of the power supply for protecting the power converter by its ON/OFF operations, and a control unit connected to the output protection circuit for controlling the output protection circuit. When an operating frequency of the power converter is higher than a first reference frequency and the intermediate output voltage is higher than a first reference voltage, the control unit outputs a first control signal to a control terminal of the output protection circuit to turn off the output protection circuit.05-05-2011
20100208394POWER CONVERTER AND METHOD THEREOF - A power converter includes a transformer, a switch element, a control circuit, an over-current detecting circuit, and a compensation signal generating circuit. The transformer includes a primary winding and at least an auxiliary winding. The control circuit is coupled to the switch element, and controls on/off status of the switch element to control a primary current flowing through the primary winding. The over-current detecting circuit compares the primary current with a current limit, and then controls the control circuit to turn off the switch element if the primary current is greater than the current limit. The compensation signal generating circuit is coupled between the auxiliary winding and over-current detecting circuit, and provides an adjustment value to calibrate the current limit according to an output of the auxiliary winding; wherein the adjustment value varies with time when the switch element is turned on.08-19-2010
20110249367FIELD DEVICE FOR DETERMINING AND/OR MONITORING A PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESS VARIABLE - A field device for determining and/or monitoring a physical or chemical, process variable in automation technology. The field device comprises: at least one microcontroller; a supply unit of limited capacity as primary voltage supply; and a detection circuit, which signals the microcontroller of a failure of the supply unit so early by means of a detection signal that sufficient time is available to take suitable safety measures, in order to avoid loss of data. The detection circuit is so embodied that a reference voltage required for detection of a voltage decline of the supply unit has an almost constant offset from the supply voltage of the supply unit and adjusts to the supply voltage, until the detection circuit, in the case of an abrupt subceeding of the reference voltage, or an abrupt voltage decline of the supply voltage, sends a detection signal to the microcontroller.10-13-2011
20110255198MOTOR DRIVE GROUND FAULT DETECTION - A motor drive ground fault detection device operates by computing the total RMS voltage of all the phases, and comparing the total RMS voltage to a threshold to determine if a ground fault has occurred.10-20-2011
20080247099Overcurrent Detecting Circuit and Regulator Having the Same - The present invention provides an overcurrent detection circuit capable of suppressing fluctuations in the overcurrent detection level when the input supply voltage or temperature fluctuates. The overcurrent detection circuit 10-09-2008
20080285185SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT - An integrated circuit formed on a semiconductor chip includes voltage regulators for stepping down an externally-supplied power voltage to produce an internal power voltage, and internal circuits which operate based on the internal power voltage. The voltage regulators are laid in the area of the buffers and protective elements for the input/output signals and power voltages so that the overhead area due to the on-chip provision of the voltage regulators is minimized. The internal power voltage is distributed to the internal circuits through a looped main power line, with an electrode pad for connecting an external capacitor for stabilizing the internal power voltage being provided on it, so that the internal power voltage is stabilized and the power consumption of the integrated circuit is minimized.11-20-2008
20090002901Power protection apparatus and electronic control unit - A power protection apparatus including: a switch unit 01-01-2009
20110164339SURGE PROTECTION CIRCUIT - A surge protection circuit for a circuit having a rectification module. The surge protection circuit includes a first diode, a second diode, a capacitor and a discharge device. The anode of the first diode is connected to a first input of the rectification module, and the anode of the second diode is connected to a second input of the rectification module. The cathodes of the first and second diodes are both connected to the first plate of the capacitor. The second plate of the capacitor is connected to the negative output of the rectification module. The capacitor is configured such that it is consistently charged to substantially the peak value of a supply voltage during normal operation between surge events. The discharge device is connected to the first plate of the capacitor and is configured to discharge the capacitor when the voltage across the capacitor is in excess of the peak of the maximum value of the normal supply voltage and not discharge the capacitor when the voltage across the capacitor is not in excess of the peak of the maximum value of the normal supply voltage.07-07-2011
20110134573SAFETY SWITCHING ARRANGEMENT FOR OUTPUTTING A SWITCHING SIGNAL - A safety switching arrangement is proposed for outputting a switching signal for at least one switch or the safety-oriented interruption of a circuit which can be used to control the disconnection of the power supply for a load. In at least one embodiment, the safety switching arrangement includes at least one evaluation circuit which emits a respective unsafe drive signal for the at least one switch at a respective output. The safety switching arrangement also includes a programmable logic unit which can be supplied with the drive signal(s) at a respective input and is connected to the at least one switch in order to drive the at least one switch with a safe drive signal. The programmable logic unit is in the form of a testing and monitoring device which can test and monitor the correct function of the respective switch during operation. At least one embodiment of the invention finally has a safe non-floating first terminal of the at least one switch, which terminal is connected to a respective feedback input of the programmable logic unit in order to monitor the potential state of said terminal. The relevant potential state during error-free operation corresponds to the safe drive signal for the at least one switch.06-09-2011
20100226050PROTECTION CIRCUIT, RESONANT CONVERTER INCLUDING THE PROTECTION CIRCUIT, AND PROTECTING METHOD OF THE RESONANT CONVERTER - The present invention relates to a protection circuit, a resonance converter having the same, and a protection method thereof.09-09-2010
20110096445Surge Current Detection In A Switch By Detecting Change In A duty Cycle - An embodiment of the invention provides a surge current protection circuit. The surge current protection circuit comprises a peak current detector and a current sensing device. When the peak current detector detects when a surge current has occurred, by monitoring a change in duty cycle on a node of a HS (high side) switch, a LS (low side) switch is activated. The current sensing device senses the current drawn through the LS switch. When the current sensing device senses a current that exceeds a current limit, the HS switch is turned off for a period of time such that the surge current is reduced.04-28-2011
20110043951Temperature Variance Nullification In An Inrush Current Suppression Circuit - The temperature dependence of an inrush current suppression circuit comprising a MOSFET having an input terminal coupled to a direct current input voltage can a transistor electrically coupled to the MOSFET can be reduced by matching the temperature coefficient of a transistor to a component electrically coupled to the transistor.02-24-2011
20100165519CURRENT IN-RUSH LIMITING CIRCUIT USING SWITCHABLE CURRENT LIMITING ARRANGEMENT - An apparatus includes first and second input terminals, a conversion circuit, a current limiting resistive device, a triac and a second winding. The first and second input terminals are configured to be connected to a source of input power. The conversion circuit is operably connected to the first and second terminals, and includes a first inductive winding coupled between the first terminal and a switching device. The conversion circuit also includes a rectifier coupled between the first inductive winding and a first output, and a capacitor coupled between the first output and circuit ground.07-01-2010
20090316311SWITCHING REGULATOR AND OPERATION CONTROL METHOD - In a switching regulator, a low voltage malfunction prevention circuit controls operations of a PWM comparator and a output buffer circuit, such that when a power source voltage is lower than a predetermined value, a switching transistor is forcibly turned off, and when the power source voltage is greater than or equal to the predetermined value, the switching transistor is turned on/off in accordance with pulse signals from the PWM comparator. Furthermore, the low voltage malfunction prevention circuit generates a second reference voltage that is lower than a first reference voltage and that rises quickly in accordance with the rise of the power source voltage. The state of the power source voltage inside an IC is detected by comparing the first reference voltage with the second reference voltage.12-24-2009
20110149444 SURGE PROTECTION CIRCUIT - A surge protection circuit is disclosed for an electrical Load which may be for instance an LED load which is directly connected to a supply such as mains supply, and comprises a plurality of switches which are distributed across a plurality of semiconductor die. A surge detector detects the start of a spike in the supply, which results from, for example the commencement or interruption of a nearby inductive load, and opens all the switches. By distributing the switches across multiple die the peak voltage across each is reduced relative to using a single die; thereby each die can stay within the absolute maximum voltage capacity. Each die may have its own surge detector; alternatively, a single surge detector may be used which communicates with the switches on each of the die. In an extension the bridge rectifier may be integrated into the circuit distributed across the die. In this embodiment additional inter-die clamping diodes are required to prevent unsafe floating of the edge connections of each die.06-23-2011
20110216449METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FAULT DETECTION OF SERIES DIODES IN RECTIFIERS - A method and apparatus for fault detection of series diodes in rectifiers is disclosed, wherein the voltages across one or both of the individual diodes, and/or the voltage across the pair of diodes are measured to determine a ratio between two of those voltages. The ratio is then analyzed to determine if a fault (e.g., a short circuit or an open circuit) is present. In some embodiments, circuitry can be included to compensate for the normal variations in diode characteristics (e.g., reverse leakage current, reverse recovery charge) between the pair of series diodes to minimize the potential for erroneous fault detection.09-08-2011
20100123978Short circuit and open circuit protection for a boost converter - A boost converter includes a load disconnect switch connected between a voltage input terminal and an inductor, a power switch connected to the inductor by a switching node, a diode connected between the switching node and a voltage output terminal, and an output capacitor connected to the voltage output terminal to provide an output voltage. A protection apparatus is connected to the load disconnect switch, switching node and power switch to monitor the voltage at the switching node and the output voltage to provide open circuit and short circuit protection for the boost converter.05-20-2010
20110051296LOAD DRIVE DEVICE - The load drive device of the present invention comprises a load drive unit for switching on/off output current that flows to an inductive load; and an overcurrent protection circuit for detecting whether the output current is in an overcurrent state, wherein the load drive unit has an output transistor connected to one end of the inductive load; and a pre-driver for generating a control signal of the output transistor in accordance with an input signal, and the pre-driver has a first drive unit for switching on/off the output transistor during normal operation; and a second drive unit for switching off the output transistor more slowly than the first drive unit during overcurrent protection operation.03-03-2011
20110019316INRUSH CURRENT CONTROL - An inrush current control circuit selectively short-circuit bypasses an inrush current limiting resistor (R01-27-2011
20090296287OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION SYSTEM - An overvoltage protection system includes a voltage divider, a compare circuit, and a switch discharge circuit. A voltage regulator module is connected to the switch discharge circuit via the voltage divider. The compare circuit is connected to the switch discharge circuit. When the voltage regulator module outputs an overvoltage, the compare circuit turns on the switch discharge circuit to discharge remaining power in motherboard components and turn off the computer. The overvoltage protection circuit gives a rapid response to overvoltage output from the voltage regulator module, thereby protecting the motherboard components from being damaged.12-03-2009
20110063760DC/DC Converter Overcurrent Protection - A DC/DC converter and a method protect a MOSFET driven by the converter from overcurrent conditions. No extra pins are required to sense the current, which saves IC package area and cost.03-17-2011
20110317315DRIVING DEVICE FOR SEMICONDUCTOR ELEMENT - A driving device for driving a semiconductor element can include a plurality of protection circuits that detect information necessary for performing protection operation for semiconductor elements that include a power conversion apparatus, a pulse signal generation circuit that sets a pulse sequence signal with a pulse width differently for each of the protection circuits and outputs a pulse sequence signal corresponding to the protection circuit that has been first detected a need for protection operation. The device can also include an alarm signal forming circuit that forms an alarm signal by ON-OFF control of a switching element and externally outputs the alarm signal, and a protection operation state discrimination circuit that discriminates existence of a protection operation state based on the alarm signal from the alarm signal forming circuit, and an alarm control circuit that delivers the pulse sequence signal outputted from the pulse signal generation circuit.12-29-2011
20120044599Surge Suppression Circuit for a Load Control Device - A surge suppression circuit for a load control device allows the load control device to pass hipot testing, while providing improved protection of the load control device during surge events. The load control device comprises a load control circuit and a filter circuit for preventing noise generated by the load control circuit from being provided to an AC power source. The surge suppression circuit comprises a clamping device adapted to be electrically coupled across the AC power source, and first and second spark gaps coupled across the filter circuit for limiting the magnitude of the voltage generated by inductive components of the filter circuit. The filter circuit may comprise a common-mode choke, and two series-connected capacitor having their junction connected to earth ground. Alternatively, the filter circuit may additionally comprise a differential-mode choke.02-23-2012
20120063037CONTINUOUS POWER PROTECTION - A power supply including a switching voltage regulator detects a peak power fault if a peak power limit is exceeded during a switching cycle of the voltage regulator. A second fault condition exists if a second power limit, lower than the peak power limit, is exceeded over a second time period, longer than the first time period. The switching voltage regulator is stopped in response to either the first or the second fault condition. Responsive to the second fault condition, the switching voltage regulator may be stopped until AC power is cycled or until a predetermined time period has elapsed.03-15-2012
20120002332OVERVOLTAGE CIRCUIT, AND MOTOR STARTER, OVERLOAD RELAY AND LOW-POWER SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - A motor starter includes a contactor and an overload relay. The overload relay includes a power supply having a voltage, a processor powered by the power supply voltage and being structured to control the contactor, and an overvoltage circuit. The overvoltage circuit includes a voltage reference having a voltage, a comparator, a load and a switch. The comparator includes a first input for the power supply voltage, the first input cooperating with the voltage of the voltage reference to determine a threshold voltage, a second input for voltage reference voltage, and an output. The switch is controlled by the comparator output and is structured to electrically connect the power supply voltage to ground through the load whenever the power supply voltage exceeds the threshold voltage.01-05-2012
20100277837DEVICE ARRANGED FOR CONVERTING AN AC INPUT VOLTAGE TO A DC OUTPUT VOLTAGE - The present invention relates to a device arranged for converting an AC input voltage to a DC output voltage, comprising a bridgeless boost converter; and a surge protection system. The surge protection system comprises a first protection diode (Dprot11-04-2010
20120206843METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTION AND CONTROL OF DC ARC FAULTS - A method and apparatus for managing DC arc faults. At least a portion of the method is performed by a controller comprising at least one processor. In one embodiment, the method comprises identifying, based on a first signature of a power converter, an arc fault; determining, based on the first signature, a type of the arc fault; and performing an action on the power converter based on the type of the arc fault.08-16-2012
20120206842FAULT CONDITION PROTECTION - A switched mode power supply includes a transformer and an integrated circuit regulator. The integrated circuit regulator is coupled to the transformer and includes switching regulator logic, a counter, and a switching transistor. The regulator logic generates a switching signal in response to the feedback signal. The counter receives the feedback signal, where the feedback signal periodically cycles between a first state and a second state when the switched mode power supply operates normally. An output of the counter indicates an auto-restart mode of the regulator in response to the feedback signal remaining in the first state for a predetermined count due to a fault condition. The switching transistor is coupled to be turned on and off in response to the switching signal when the output of the counter does not indicate the auto-restart mode and is disabled when the output of the counter indicates the auto-restart mode.08-16-2012
20120008238Transistor Half-Bridge Control - A circuit for driving a transistor half bridge is disclosed that comprises a series circuit of a first and a second transistor both having intrinsic or external free-wheeling diodes coupled in parallel. The circuit for driving a transistor half bridge comprises: an over-current detection circuit that is configured to signal an over-current condition when a load current flowing through the first transistor exceeds a first threshold; a protection circuit that is coupled to the over-current detection circuit and that is configured to disable an activation of the first transistor in response to a detected over-current and to re-enable the activation of the first transistor after a first time interval has elapsed; an evaluation circuit that is coupled to the over-current detection circuit and that is configured to check whether a further over-current condition is detected within a second time interval that follows the first time interval. An active free-wheeling by activating the second transistor is disabled when a further over-current condition is detected within the second time interval, and an active free-wheeling by activating the second transistor is enabled during the first time interval when no further over-current condition is detected within the second time interval.01-12-2012
20120113552SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT - An integrated circuit formed on a semiconductor chip includes voltage regulators for stepping down an externally-supplied power voltage to produce an internal power voltage, and internal circuits which operate based on the internal power voltage. The voltage regulators are laid in the area of the buffers and protective elements for the input/output signals and power voltages so that the overhead area due to the on-chip provision of the voltage regulators is minimized. The internal power voltage is distributed to the internal circuits through a looped main power line, with an electrode pad for connecting an external capacitor for stabilizing the internal power voltage being provided on it, so that the internal power voltage is stabilized and the power consumption of the integrated circuit is minimized.05-10-2012
20120044601STARTUP PROTECTION CIRCUIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THE SAME - A startup protection circuit includes an initialization unit and a protection unit. The initialization unit generates a first level signal when initially receiving a supply voltage, which is larger than or equal to a predetermined voltage from a power source. The protection unit generates the first level signal when the supply voltage is smaller than the predetermined voltage. A processing unit is connected to the power source, and is initialized according to the first level signal. A related electronic device is also provided.02-23-2012
20120044600METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING ARC FLASH EVENTS USING CURRENT AND VOLTAGE - A power circuit protection system includes a current sensor configured to measure a first current level through a conductor of the circuit, a voltage sensor configured to measure a first voltage level across a plurality of conductors of the circuit, and a controller communicatively coupled to the current sensor and to the voltage sensor. The controller is configured to receive a first signal from the current sensor, wherein the first signal is representative of the first current level, and receive a second signal from the voltage sensor, wherein the second signal is representative of the first voltage level. Based on the first signal and the second signal, the controller is configured to determine whether to activate a first circuit protection device or a second circuit protection device.02-23-2012
20100027169POWER DISTRIBUTION ARRANGEMENT - An arrangement and a method for distributing power supplied by a power source to two or more of loads (e.g., electrical vehicular systems) is disclosed, where a representation of the power taken by a particular one of the loads from the source is measured. The measured representation of the amount of power taken from the source by the particular one of the loads is compared to a threshold to provide an overload signal in the event the representation exceeds the threshold. Control signals dependant on the occurring of the overload signal are provided such that the control signal decreases the output power of the power circuit in case the overload signal occurs.02-04-2010
20120206841POWER CONVERTER AND METHOD OF OPERATION - A power converter includes a first phase leg including a first di/dt reactor and a first control section, the first di/dt reactor and the first control section being coupled between an active line and a neutral line. The power converter also includes a first current crowbar coupled between the active line and the neutral and a controller coupled to the first di/dt reactor, the control section and the first current crowbar and configured to activate the current crowbar based on a voltage across the first di/dt reactor.08-16-2012
20120063038POWER-SUPPLY MODULE WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC-INTERFERENCE (EMI) SHIELDING, COOLING, OR BOTH SHIELDING AND COOLING, ALONG TWO OR MORE SIDES - An embodiment of a power-supply module includes a package having sides, a first power-supply component disposed in the package, and an electromagnetic-interference (EMI) shield disposed adjacent to two sides of the package. For example, such a module may include component-mounting platforms (e.g., a lead frame or printed circuit board) on the top and bottom sides of the module, and these platforms may provide a level of EMI shielding specified for a particular application. Consequently, such a module may provide better EMI shielding than modules with shielding along only one side (e.g., the bottom) of the module. Moreover, if the module components are mounted to, or otherwise thermally coupled to, the shielding platforms, then the module may provide multi-side cooling of the components.03-15-2012
20120154958USE OF A JFET AS A FAILSAFE SHUTDOWN CONTROLLER - Various embodiments disclose methods and systems for controlling operation of a regulator controller integrated circuit. The regulator controller integrated circuit may include a run input and a voltage supply input. A voltage supply, having an on state and an off state, may be coupled with the voltage supply input of the regulator controller integrated circuit. A JFET that has a source, a drain, and a gate may be present. The source of the JFET may be coupled with electrical ground. The drain of the JFET may be coupled with the run input of the regulator controller integrated circuit. The gate of the JFET may be coupled with the voltage supply. Such embodiments may disable a regulator unless a supply voltage is present without requiring a supply voltage for control circuitry.06-21-2012
20110090605SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT - An integrated circuit formed on a semiconductor chip includes voltage regulators for stepping down an externally-supplied power voltage to produce an internal power voltage, and internal circuits which operate based on the internal power voltage. The voltage regulators are laid in the area of the buffers and protective elements for the input/output signals and power voltages so that the overhead area due to the on-chip provision of the voltage regulators is minimized. The internal power voltage is distributed to the internal circuits through a looped main power line, with an electrode pad for connecting an external capacitor for stabilizing the internal power voltage being provided on it, so that the internal power voltage is stabilized and the power consumption of the integrated circuit is minimized.04-21-2011
20110090604Digitally Controlled AC Protection and Attenuation Circuit - A protection and attenuation circuit for sensitive AC loads is described. The circuit provides AC power protection and attenuation utilizing high-efficiency switch-mode techniques to attenuate an AC power signal by incorporating a bidirectional, transistorized switch driven from a pulse width modulation signal, PWM. The circuit monitors characteristics of the AC power signal driving a known load and characteristics of the load or other elements and determines the duty cycle of the pulse width modulated signal, PWM, based upon the duration and amplitude of the over-voltage, over-current, over-limit or other event.04-21-2011
20110102952METHOD FOR PRODUCTION OF AN OSCILLATING SIGNAL AND OF AN ELECTRICAL PROTECTION DEVICE OR MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT HAVING AN OSCILLATION IDENTIFICATION DEVICE - A method for producing an oscillation signal which indicates oscillation in an electrical power supply system, in which measured values that characterize current and voltage at a measurement point in the electrical power supply system are detected and are converted to digital current and voltage vector measured values. Impedance values are calculated in the complex numerical domain from the current vector measured values and the voltage vector measured values. A curve profile formed by the impedance values is considered and, if appropriate, the oscillation signal is produced using characteristic properties of the curve profile. In order to provide a method in which an oscillation can be identified as reliably as possible, a first oscillation supposition signal is produced when the separation of the impedance values from an oscillation center point remains substantially the same and a second oscillation supposition signal is produced when the rate at which the impedance values approach the curve profile remains substantially the same. The oscillation signal is produced when both the first and the second oscillation supposition signal are present. A protective device or measurement instrument has a corresponding oscillation identification device.05-05-2011
20110102950POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CIRCUIT AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention relates to a power factor correction circuit and a driving method thereof.05-05-2011
20090141411VOLTAGE REGULATOR MODULE CONTROL CIRCUIT - An exemplary voltage regulator module (VRM) control circuit includes a VRM providing a plurality of phases, each of the phases connected to a control terminal of a corresponding electric switch; a comparator comprising a non-inverting terminal connected to a first power source and grounded via the electric switches respectively, an inverting terminal connected to a reference voltage, and an output terminal; and a control switch connected between an enable terminal of the VRM and ground, the control switch comprising a control terminal connected to the output terminal of the comparator, wherein, if one of the phases of the VRM is lost, the corresponding electric switch is turned off, and a voltage of the non-inverting terminal of the comparator is higher than the reference voltage, the comparator outputs a control signal to the control switch for turning on the control switch, thus turning off the VRM.06-04-2009
20120212861Voltage spikes control for power converters - A novel inductive overvoltage suppression circuit for power converters is presented. High amplitude voltage spikes are generally occurring in high frequency power converters in presence of small parasitic inductances coupled to the power distribution rails, in correspondence of the switching transitions, particularly when high load currents are required. The presented invention proposes active clamps to limit the amplitude of the overvoltage. Furthermore the excess energy in the parasitic inductances is utilized to provide energy and/or a signal to determine when to turn on the next phase power device with the fastest transition possible without incurring in cross-conduction currents in the power stage of the converter, thus improving its overall performance, and circuit reliability in addition to achieving high conversion efficiency.08-23-2012
20120075753ELECTRONIC SYSTEM FOR CONVERTING DC VOLTAGE INTO AC VOLTAGE - An electronic system has IGBT, on driving FET and off driving FET connected with the gate of the IGBT, and a control circuit. The on driving FET in an on state supplies electric charge to the IGBT gate. The off driving FET in an on state releases the charge from the GET gate. The control circuit controls each of the on FETs according to a driving signal to be set in the on and off states every switching period of time and to control the voltage at the IGBT gate. When on-failure occurs in the on driving FET set in the on state so as to keep the on driving FET in the on state in spite of control of the control circuit, the control circuit controls a controlled element other than the off driving FET to set the IGBT in the off state.03-29-2012
20100007999STEP-UP SWITCHING REGULATOR - A first transistor is provided between one terminal of a synchronous rectifying transistor and the back gate thereof, with a body diode of the first transistor being in an orientation such that the cathode thereof corresponds to the output terminal side. A second transistor is provided between the other terminal of the synchronous rectifying transistor and the back gate thereof, with a body diode of the second transistor being in an orientation such that the cathode thereof corresponds to the switching terminal side. During a first period from the boosting stopped state up to the boosting operation state of the switching regulator, a switch control unit instructs the synchronous rectifying transistor to perform a switching operation with the switching transistor set to the OFF state, the first transistor set to the ON state, and the second transistor set to the OFF state.01-14-2010
20100007998APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A POWER SYSTEM COMPONENT FAILURE - An apparatus, system, and method are disclosed for detecting a power system component failure. The invention includes detecting an amount of input power provided on a power supply side of a connector, where the connector is configured to connect a switching power supply to a load such that power flows from the switching power supply to the load through the connector; detecting an amount of output power provided on a load side of the connector; determining if the amount of input power detected on the power supply side of the connector is more than a predefined threshold amount greater than the amount of output power detected on the load side of the connector; and shutting down the switching power supply the amount of detected input power is more than the predefined threshold amount greater than the amount of detected output power.01-14-2010
20120218669System and Method for Operating Inverters - There is provided a control system and method related to the use of insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) devices in vehicles. An exemplary control method includes receiving a status signal that indicates a fault condition in the operation of an IGBT device of an affected converter. The exemplary method also includes sending a control signal that turns off all IGBTs of the affected converter. The exemplary method additionally includes receiving a second status signal for each of the IGBTs that indicates whether each of the IGBTs successfully turned off. The exemplary method further includes generating an indication that the fault condition relates to a saturation condition or a power supply being outside a designated range, depending on a duration of the fault signal.08-30-2012
20120257312SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING AND CONTROLLING OVER CURRENT TRIP POINT LIMITS IN VOLTAGE REGULATORS - A system and method for controlling an over current protection trip point for a voltage regulator includes an input for receiving a monitored operating parameter of the voltage regulator. Control logic responsive to this input generates a digital current control signal. A digital to analog controller converts the digital current control signal to an analog current control signal and this analog current control signal is used for controlling a current source for generating a current that establishes the over current protection trip point of the voltage regulator.10-11-2012
20120081816Integrated variable output power supply protection circuit - A solid state power supply control circuit is disclosed. Specifically, the present invention discloses a power coupler enclosing a power supply control circuit, where the power control circuit enables transient increases in current in response to a demand from an active load device, while preventing overvoltage conditions from damaging the power coupler or the active load device. The power supply control circuit further prevents output faults in the power cable or a failure in the active load device from creating conditions which would damage the power coupler and/or the active load device.04-05-2012
20120257310CIRCUIT PROTECTION DEVICE AND PROTECTION METHOD - A circuit protection device is applied to a power supply module. The circuit protection device includes a judgment module and a control module. The judgment module includes a comparing unit, a feedback unit and a reset unit. The comparing unit has an output terminal, a first input terminal and a second input terminal. The feedback unit is electrically connected to the output terminal and the first input terminal. The reset unit is electrically connected to the feedback unit and the first input terminal. The control module is electrically connected to the comparing unit and the reset unit of the judgment module. The comparing unit receives a first reference signal representing the output current of the power supply module and a second reference signal representing the output voltage of the power supply module, and outputs a judgment signal to the control module.10-11-2012
20120257311Over Voltage Protection of a Switching Converter - Embodiments for at least one method and apparatus of generating a regulated voltage are disclosed. One apparatus includes a voltage regulator. The voltage regulator includes regulator circuitry for generating a regulated voltage from a first power supply and a second power supply, and voltage spike protection circuitry for voltage-spike-protecting the regulator circuitry. The voltage spike protection circuitry includes a charge-storage circuit, and at least one switching element, wherein the at least one switching element comprises a plurality of switching block segments. The charge-storage circuit includes charge-storage circuit segments, and each charge-storage circuit segment is physically closer to at least one of the plurality of switching block segments the charge-storage circuit segment protects, than any other switching block segment.10-11-2012
20120257308Surge Protection Circuit - The present invention discloses a surge protection circuit for a line driver. The surge protection circuit includes a transistor, including a first terminal coupled to a positive output pad of the line driver and a second terminal coupled to a negative output pad of the line driver, an inverter, including an output terminal coupled to a third terminal of the transistor, and a first RC circuit, including a resistor having a terminal coupled to an input terminal of the inverter and another terminal coupled to a power supply, and a capacitor having a terminal coupled to the input terminal of the inverter and another terminal coupled to a ground. A first RC time constant of the first RC circuit is substantially equal to or greater than a period of a differential mode surge signal.10-11-2012
20110122535SECONDARY SIDE PROTECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A SWITCHING POWER CONVERTER - The present invention discloses a secondary side protection method for a switching power converter, used to turn off a secondary side switch according to a secondary side voltage signal, wherein the secondary side voltage signal has falling edges corresponding to the start instants of secondary side discharge periods, and rising edges corresponding to the end instants of the secondary side discharge periods, the method comprising the steps of: measuring the time interval between two adjacent the rising edges repeatedly to derive discharge end cycle times; and generating a first turn-off signal to turn off the secondary side switch when the relative difference of two successive the discharge end cycle times exceeds a predetermined percentage. The present invention also provides a secondary side protection apparatus according to the method.05-26-2011
20080297957SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROGRAMMING AND CONTROLLING OVER CURRENT TRIP POINT LIMITS IN VOLTAGE REGULATORS - A system and method for controlling an over current protection trip point for a voltage regulator includes an input for receiving a monitored operating parameter of the voltage regulator. Control logic responsive to this input generates a digital current control signal. A digital to analog controller converts the digital current control signal to an analog current control signal and this analog current control signal is used for controlling a current source for generating a current that establishes the over current protection trip point of the voltage regulator.12-04-2008
20110235221BRIDGING UNIT - A converter cell of a modular converter is provided. The converter cell includes a bridging unit which has a mechanical bistable relay, an electronic switch, a drive for switching the relay and the electronic switch, and an energy store for supplying power to the mechanical relay, the electronic switch and the drive. The drive includes passive overvoltage detection configured to charge the energy store if the overvoltage is exceeded. The drive includes an additional switch which is closed when a voltage on the energy store exceeds a predefined value, and the drive supplies current from the energy store to at least one of the relay and the electronic switch. The drive has hysteresis, such that, if the voltage on the energy store is undershot, at least one of the relay and the electronic switch is still supplied with current from the energy store.09-29-2011
20110235220REGULATING SYSTEM HAVING OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION CIRCUIT AND CURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUIT - A regulating system includes an input port having a first input terminal and a second input terminal, an output port having a first output terminal and a second output terminal, a regulating circuit, an over-current protection circuit, and an overvoltage protection circuit. The overvoltage protection circuit includes a regulating diode, a first bipolar transistor and a second bipolar transistor. The first output terminal is connected to the base of the first bipolar transistor via the regulating diode and grounded via first bipolar transistor. A base of the second bipolar transistor connects to the collector of the first bipolar transistor. The second output terminal is grounded via the second transistor. When an output voltage of the first output terminal increases over a predetermined voltage, an electrical connection between the second output terminal and ground is cut off to stop providing output voltage from the output port09-29-2011
20120087048PHOTOVOLTAIC INVERTER WITH CONTROL FOR PERFORMING LOW VOLTAGE RIDE THROUGH - A photovoltaic inverter for coupling a direct current photovoltaic source to an alternating current energy grid and performing a low voltage ride through. The inverter includes a power bridge to convert direct current voltage to alternating current voltage. A switching crowbar is coupled to the photovoltaic energy source and the power bridge. The crowbar has a switching device having a closed position causing the switching crowbar to dissipate energy from the photovoltaic energy source and an open position to allow direct output from the photovoltaic source to the power bridge. A voltage sensor detects a low voltage condition on the grid. A controller is coupled to the voltage sensor and controls the switching crowbar when a low voltage condition is detected. The switching device is placed in the closed position when the voltage from the photovoltaic energy source is higher than a predetermined threshold voltage and the switching device being placed in the open position when the voltage of the photovoltaic source reaches the voltage when the low voltage condition is detected.04-12-2012
20120092796N-Way Power Supply Over Current Protection - A method and apparatus for managing over current protection in a power supply unit is disclosed. One aspect of certain embodiments includes comparing for each conductor of a plurality of conductors the current flowing through the particular conductor with over current protection limit associated with that particular conductor.04-19-2012
20120092795N-Way Power Supply Over Current Protection - A method and apparatus for managing over current protection in a power supply unit is disclosed. One aspect of certain embodiments includes comparing for each conductor of a plurality of conductors the current flowing through the particular conductor with over current protection limit associated with that particular conductor.04-19-2012
20120140363Overvoltage Protection for Inverters that Comprise an EMC Filter at Their Input End - In an overvoltage protection apparatus before an inverter configured to feed electric energy from a DC voltage source into an AC power grid, the overvoltage protection apparatus includes a DC voltage input stage. The DC voltage input stage includes, at least two current-carrying lines and an EMC filter including interference suppressing capacitors and interference suppressing inductors, and surge arrestors configured to divert overvoltages with respect to ground are connected to the current-carrying lines after the EMC filter, from a point of view of the DC voltage source.06-07-2012
20110157752OVERCURRENT DETECTION CIRCUIT, INVERTER, COMPRESSOR, AND AIR-CONDITIONING MACHINE, AND ADJUSTING METHOD FOR ADJUSTING OVERCURRENT DETECTION CIRCUIT - A current detection device for detecting an electric current flowing through an inverter, an overcurrent level generation device for generating an abnormality judgment reference value, an overcurrent detection device for generating an interruption signal to the inverter on the basis of an output of the current detection device and the abnormality judgment reference value, and an adjusting apparatus for correcting the abnormality judgment reference value of the overcurrent level generation device on the basis of the output at a time when a constant electric current is applied to the current detection device are provided. The overcurrent level generating device is provided with one or a plurality of resistance value adjusting sections, and generates the abnormality judgment reference value in correspondence to a resistance value of the resistance value adjusting section. The adjusting apparatus performs a zapping operation by means of applying a reverse-bias to a zener diode, and corrects the abnormality judgment reference value.06-30-2011
20110157751APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING OVERVOLTAGE OF HIGH VOLTAGE INVERTER - Disclosed herein is an overvoltage protection apparatus and method of a high voltage inverter adapted to protect a load without any adverse effect from an overvoltage aroused by voltage fluctuation attributable to an impedance difference among an inverter, a load and a cable connected between the inverter and the load, wherein the apparatus and method converts a voltage command signal given as a digital signal into an analog reference signal by a main control unit, compares the analog reference voltage with a sawtooth wave having a predetermined voltage level and frequency in order to generate a PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) signal, determines the pulse width of the PWM signal, and converts the pulse width of the PWM signal to have a predetermined time interval in a case the pulse width of the PWM signal is less than a predetermined time interval.06-30-2011
20120243128DISCRETE INPUT SIGNAL GENERATION VIA OUTPUT SHORT-CIRCUIT DETECTION - A controller has an output for supplying power to an output device. The controller monitors the supplied power to provide short-circuit protection to the output device. The controller also receives discrete inputs at the output based on the introduction of temporary short-circuit conditions introduced by a momentary switch connected between outputs of the controller in parallel with the output device. The controller detects short-circuit conditions in the output and distinguishes between short-circuit fault conditions and discrete inputs generated by activation of the momentary switch based on measured characteristics of the detected short-circuit conditions.09-27-2012
20080239593Failure detection in a voltage regulator - A control logic detects voltage regulator failure in a power supply. The control logic comprises first and second lines configured for respective connection to a controller node and a phase node of a voltage regulator, a delay element coupled to the first line configured to delay signals at the controller node into alignment with signals at the phase node, and a level detector coupled to the second line configured to convert the signals at the phase node into at least two digital representations indicative of respective signal thresholds. A logic compares timing of the delayed signals with the digital representations and detects occurrence of a voltage regulator fault based on the timing comparison.10-02-2008
20080225446Transient reversing voltage detecting circuit - A current balancing circuit includes a voltage detecting circuit having a detecting diode, and a control switch having an input part and an output part, the input part is coupled in series to the detecting diode and disposed opposite to the detecting diode for detecting abnormal and/or reverse voltages and for preventing electric circuits or facilities from being damaged by the abnormal and/or reverse voltages. The input part may be a photodiode having a positive or negative side coupled to the negative or positive side of the detecting diode. A resistor or a divider diode may be used to protect the voltage detecting circuit.09-18-2008
20130170077METHOD FOR OPERATING A GROUND FAULT INTERRUPTER AS WELL AS GROUND FAULT INTERRUPTER FOR A FREQUENCY CONVERTER - A conventional ground fault interrupter in an arrangement with a frequency converter and electrical machines may be accidentally tripped due to operation-related leakage currents. This can be prevented by operating a ground fault interrupter for a frequency converter receiving a mains current in the following manner: receiving switching information about switching operations in the frequency converter, measuring a signal associated with a common mode current in a power line device which conducts the mains current to the frequency converter, determining, based on the switching information, an expected signal expected for the common mode current produced by the switching operations, identifying, based on the measured signal and the expected signal, a fault current, and interrupting the mains power depending on the identified fault current. A ground fault interrupter is hereby provided with an evaluation unit configured to carry out the method.07-04-2013
20090213505Operation Detection Devices Having a Sensor Positioned to Detect a Transition Event from an Overcurrent Protection Component and Related Methods - An operation detection device for an overcurrent protection component is provided. The overcurrent protection component has a closed state and an open state and outputs a transition event responsive to a transition between the closed state and the open state. The operation detection device includes a housing configured to attach to the overcurrent protection component. A sensor is positioned in the housing at a location selected to allow the sensor to detect the transition event. A switch circuit is operatively coupled to the sensor and is configured to generate an output signal indicating a change in state of the overcurrent protection component responsive to detection of the transition event by the sensor.08-27-2009
20130176647DRIVER CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF GENERATING AN OUTPUT SIGNAL - A driver circuit of an integrated circuit is described. The driver circuit comprises a signal node coupled to receive an output signal of the integrated circuit; an inductor circuit having a resistor coupled in series with an inductor between a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein the first terminal is coupled to the signal node; an electro-static discharge protection circuit coupled to the second terminal of the inductor circuit; and an output node coupled to the second terminal of the inductor circuit. A method of generating an output signal is also disclosed.07-11-2013
20130094111ELECTRICAL SURGE PROTECTOR AND METHOD OF PROVIDING THE SAME - Some embodiments include an electrical surge protector. Other embodiments of related systems and methods are also disclosed.04-18-2013
20130135775SYSTEM AND METHOD PROVIDING OVER CURRENT PROTECTION BASED ON DUTY CYCLE INFORMATION FOR POWER CONVERTER - System and method for protecting a power converter. An example system controller for protecting a power converter includes a signal generator, a comparator, and a modulation and drive component. The signal generator is configured to generate a threshold signal. The comparator is configured to receive the threshold signal and a current sensing signal and generate a comparison signal based on at least information associated with the threshold signal and the current sensing signal, the current sensing signal indicating a magnitude of a primary current flowing through a primary winding of a power converter. The modulation and drive component is coupled to the signal generator.05-30-2013
20130114166INVERTER FOR AN ELECTRIC MACHINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INVERTER FOR AN ELECTRIC MACHINE - An inverter for an electric machine, and a method for operating the inverter, has at least one output stage unit for producing a connection between the electric machine and a power supply network, a control unit for controlling the output stage unit, a supply unit independent of the power supply network for power supply of the output stage unit, at least one emergency operation control assigned to the output stage unit for controlling the output stage unit such that switching elements are switched into a short circuit operation, at least one emergency operation supply assigned to the output stage unit for generating a power supply from the power supply network, and a coordination control, which activates or deactivates the emergency operation control as a function of a status signal of the independent supply unit and a standby signal of the control unit.05-09-2013
20130120880ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE PROTECTION CIRCUIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE - An electronic device includes a power supply, a load, a voltage conversion unit, a feedback unit, and an electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit. The power supply provides an input voltage. The voltage conversion unit converts the input voltage to an output voltage which is supplied to the load. The voltage conversion unit includes a feedback pin and an output pin for outputting the output voltage. The feedback unit is connected to the output pin and the feedback pin for sampling the output voltage to generate a feedback signal. The voltage conversion unit receives the feedback signal through the feedback pin and adjusts the output voltage according to the feedback signal. The ESD protection circuit is connected to the feedback pin and is used for eliminating an ESD surge current flowing through the feedback pin.05-16-2013
20100277838FAULT CONDITION PROTECTION - A regulator for a switched mode power supply includes switching regulator logic, a counter and a logic gate. The switching regulator logic is coupled to receive a feedback signal and to generate a switching signal in response. The feedback signal periodically cycles between a first state and a second state when the power supply operates normally. The counter is coupled to receive the feedback signal and an output of the counter indicates an auto-restart mode of the regulator in response to the feedback signal remaining in the first state for a predetermined count. An output of the logic gate enables the power switch to turn on and off in response to the switching signal when the output of the counter does not indicate the auto-restart mode and the output of the logic gate disables the power switch in response to the output of the counter indicating the auto-restart mode.11-04-2010
20110216448OVERCURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUIT - An overcurrent protection circuit includes a load driver for driving a load, a controller for turning ON and OFF the load driver, a current sensor for measuring a load current flowing through the load, and an add/subtract circuit for performing both an addition operation and a subtraction operation on a previous calculation result or for performing only the subtraction operation on the previous calculation result so as to produce a present calculation result. The addition operation uses an added value depending on the presently measured current. The subtraction operation uses a subtracted value depending on the presently measured current. The controller turns OFF the load driver, when the present calculation result of the add/subtract circuit exceeds a predetermined determination value.09-08-2011
20110211282SELF-ADJUSTABLE OVERCURRENT PROTECTION THRESHOLD CIRCUIT, A METHOD FOR GENERATING A COMPENSATED THRESHOLD SIGNAL AND A POWER SUPPLY EMPLOYING THE CIRCUIT OR METHOD - A power supply employing a compensated threshold signal for overcurrent protection and a method for generating the compensated threshold signal are disclosed herein. Additionally, a self-adjusting overcurrent threshold circuit is provided. In one embodiment, the self-adjusting overcurrent threshold circuit includes: (1) a fixed threshold source configured to provide a constant threshold signal for the overcurrent protection circuit, (2) an analog signal processor, coupled to the fixed threshold source, configured to monitor designated parameters of the converter and generate a threshold adjustment signal based thereon and (3) a combiner configured to combine the constant threshold signal with the threshold adjustment signal to provide the compensated threshold signal.09-01-2011
20110222192MAGNETIC ENERGY REGENERATION SWITCH PROVIDED WITH PROTECTION CIRCUIT - A protection circuit equipped magnetic energy recovery switch including a magnetic energy recovery switch having at least two reverse-conductive type semiconductor switches and two capacitors employs a protection circuit and control method for protecting the capacitors against an overvoltage or short-circuited discharge, and protecting the reverse-conductive type semiconductor switches and a load against an overvoltage or overcurrent, and can be used a controller or a current limiter.09-15-2011
20130135774LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE DRIVING CIRCUIT HAVING SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION - The present invention discloses a light-emitting diode driving circuit having short circuit protection. The light-emitting diode driving circuit has a boost circuit, a first switch unit, a light-emitting diode string and a control chip. The boost circuit receives an input voltage and outputs a relatively higher output voltage. The first switch unit is connected between the boost circuit and the light-emitting diode string. The control chip is connected to the boost circuit and the first switch unit, and controls the first switch unit to be cut off when the light-emitting diode string is short-circuited, so as to cut off the current loop from the input power source to the light-emitting diode string to achieve the object of short-circuit protection and stopping power consumption.05-30-2013
20120257309ELECTRONIC CONTROL DEVICE - A control circuit is provided including a trigger circuit having a capacitor connected between a pulse generator and a second switching element, and a latch circuit connected via a diode, between a junction of a load with a first switching element and the control terminal of the second switching element, wherein when the pulse generator outputs a drive signal, both of the first switching element and the second switching element are turned on and the second switching element is held in the ON state through the latch circuit by a voltage at the junction. When the drive signal is stopped, both of the first switching element and the second switching element are turned off; meanwhile if the load is short-circuited, the first switching element and the second switching element are turned off through the latch circuit by the voltage at the junction.10-11-2012
20100309589Inverter device - The inverter device includes an IGBT bridge circuit, a drive block which has an upper arm photocoupler and a lower arm photocoupler, and a control block including a CPU which generates gate signals and supplies them to the photocouplers . The control block includes an upper arm shutdown circuit and lower arm shutdown circuit which individually shutdown the gate signals of the upper arm and lower arm IGBTs in accordance with shutdown signals input from the exterior, and the shutdown circuits carry out a shutdown operation in accordance with the shutdown signals, which have mutually inverted logics.12-09-2010
20130155551NEUTRAL POINT CLAMPED POWER CONVERTER FAULT DETECTION, IDENTIFICATION, AND PROTECTION - A fault detection, identification, and protection system for a phase leg of a three-level neutral point clamped (NPC) power converter includes a fault detection circuit, the fault detection circuit configured to determine, based on signals received from the two inner switches and two outer switches via their respective gate drivers, the presence of a fault in the phase leg; a fault identification circuit, the fault identification circuit being configured to determine, based on signals from the fault detection circuit, a location of the fault in the phase leg; and a protection circuit, the protection circuit being configured to turn off at least one of the inner switches or outer switches in response to the identification of the location of the fault by the fault identification circuit.06-20-2013
20130182353VOLTAGE REGULATOR OVER-VOLTAGE DETECTION SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUS - Monitoring of a core logic internal voltage regulator output is performed to detect, alarm and put an integrated circuit device into a safe mode when the voltage on the core logic exceeds a safe operating voltage value. This allows putting the integrated circuit devise into a predictable, detectable and safe mode, and to alarm the over-voltage condition to a system monitor to alert on a fault and subsequent fault disposition.07-18-2013
20100020450POWER SUPPLY SWITCHING APPARATUS WITH SEVERE OVERLOAD DETECTION - Power supply switching apparatus comprising an output switch for supplying power from a power supply to a load connected to an output terminal, a driver for controlling turn-on of said output switch, and a control signal generator for controlling said driver to produce a desired progressive turn-on characteristic. The apparatus also includes overload detection means responsive to a parameter of the load relative to a reference signal to provide a fault signal in case of detection of an overload condition after a turn-on phase of said output switch. The control signal generator is responsive to the reference signal to activate said overload detection means to provide a fault signal during the turn-on phase of the output switch even in presence of a severe overload condition at the output terminal.01-28-2010
20130188284Early Break Inverter Bypass Safety Switch - An early break bypass switch provides a modular system for bypassing an inverter when needed without allowing switching induced damage to the inverter. In an embodiment of the invention, a shaft-mounted switch provides rotatable cams and sliding followers for positive opening contacts while providing an auxiliary switch section for breaking and making contact to an inverter controller in a specific sequence relative to inverter power. In this way, the inverter is both isolated from the line power and also protected during switching from being damaged by switching-induced spikes and transient signals and surges.07-25-2013
20110317314Short Circuit Protection Circuit, Short Circuit Protection Method and Power Supply Device Thereof - A short circuit protection circuit for a power supply device includes a driving transistor, for controlling to output an input voltage to a load according to a first control voltage; a shutdown transistor, coupled with the driving transistor, for controlling a level of the first control voltage according to a second control voltage; and an energy storage module, coupled with the shutdown transistor, for storing energy of the input voltage, to output a specific voltage as the second control voltage in a specific interval after short-circuit occurs.12-29-2011
20120044602REGULATING SYSTEM HAVING OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION CIRCUIT AND OVERCURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUIT - A regulating system includes an input port, an output port; and an overvoltage protection circuit. The an overvoltage protection circuit includes a fuse, a semiconductor controlled rectifier (SCR), a first resistor, and a voltage regulator. The fuse includes a first end and a second end. The SCR includes a gate, an anode, and a cathode. The regulator includes a cathode and an anode. The first end of the fuse is connected to the input port, the second end of the fuse is connected to the anode of the SCR, the cathode of the SCR is connected to the ground, the gate of the SCR is connected to the anode of the regulator through the first resistor, the cathode of the regulator is connected to the output port.02-23-2012

Patent applications in class Voltage regulator protective circuits