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356 - Optics: measuring and testing

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
356301000 With Raman type light scattering 385
356326000 Utilizing a spectrometer 306
356311000 With sample excitation (e.g., burning) 162
356319000 Utilizing a spectrophotometer (i.e., plural beam) 71
356302000 For spectrographic (i.e., photographic) investigation 48
356310000 With aperture mask 14
356331000 With monochromator structure 8
356306000 With internal standard comparison 5
20130063721PATTERN INSPECTION APPARATUS AND METHOD - In one embodiment, a pattern inspection apparatus includes a light source configured to generate light, and a condenser configured to shape the light into a line beam to illuminate a wafer with the line beam. The apparatus further includes a spectrometer configured to disperse the line beam reflected from the wafer. The apparatus further includes a two-dimensional detector configured to detect the line beam dispersed by the spectrometer, and output a signal including spectrum information of the line beam. The apparatus further includes a comparison unit configured to compare the spectrum information obtained from corresponding places of a repetitive pattern on the wafer with each other, and a determination unit configured to determine whether the wafer includes a defect, based on a comparison result of the spectrum information.03-14-2013
20090316147METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FAILURE DETECTION IN LIGHTING SYSTEMS - A method and apparatus for continuous monitoring of a light bulb or group of light bulbs. The light emission of a light bulb is compared with known emission failure values for similar types of light bulbs, and a determination of a near failure status for the bulb is made.12-24-2009
20080297791Reflection characteristic measuring apparatus, and method for calibrating reflection characteristic measuring apparatus - In a reflection characteristic measuring apparatus 12-04-2008
20120287431SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF COMPOUNDS USING ADMITTANCE SPECTROSCOPY - Described herein are systems and methods for determining the location, composition and concentration of a hydrocarbon containing plume in environmental seawater. These systems and methods disclosed use multiple complex admittance measurements from seawater in order to identify the contents, concentration, and location of the hydrocarbon containing plume. In preferred variations system includes a sensor array that substantially simultaneously records plume location, depth, and composition.11-15-2012
20090073433OPTICAL ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR OPERATING MULTIVARIATE OPTICAL ELEMENTS IN A NORMAL INCIDENCE ORIENTATION - A method of arranging and utilizing a multivariate optical computing and analysis system includes transmitting a o first light from a light source; generating a second light by reflecting the first light from the sample; directing a portion of the second light with a beamsplitter; and arranging an optical filter mechanism in a normal incidence orientation to receive the portion of the second light, the optical filter mechanism being configured to optically filter data carried by the portion of the second light.03-19-2009
356307000 With background radiation comparison 3
20100265501ENHANCED SURFACE-SELECTIVE SPECTROSCOPY USING BROAD-BAND HETERODYNE-DETECTED SUM FREQUENCY GENERATION - Method and apparatus for performing spectroscopy, include the combining of first and second light beams to form a reference beam, focusing the first and second light beams and the reference beam onto a sample, receiving a reflected light beam from the sample at a monochromator, and viewing a predetermined wavelength band of the reflected light beam from the monochromator. Portions of the first and second light beams, which may be visible and IR forms of electromagnetic energy, are heterodyned through a crystal. A monochromator receives a reflection of the reference beam from the sample, and Fourier transformation is performed on the output of the monochromator. The first and second beams of electromagnetic energy can be split to form first and second component beams and the reference beam, all of which are propagated to the sample.10-21-2010
20120327410NON-CONTACT MEDIA DETECTION SYSTEM USING REFLECTION/ABSOPTION SPECTROSCOPY - The innovation uses the response of media to electromagnetic (EM) signals in order to identify them. When EM sources are directed at a target medium, a response is obtained from an EM detector observing the event. By comparing a measured response to a library of known profiles, one or more likely candidates for the target medium can be determined.12-27-2012
20120086940METHOD OF DETERMINING AN ASYMMETRIC PROPERTY OF A STRUCTURE - Methods of determining asymmetric properties of structures are described. A method includes measuring, for a grating structure, a first signal and a second, different, signal obtained by optical scatterometry. A difference between the first signal and the second signal is then determined. An asymmetric structural parameter of the grating structure is determined based on a calculation using the first signal, the second signal, and the difference.04-12-2012
20130044317Active Tracking and Imaging Sensor System Comprising Illuminator Analysis Function - A sensor suite comprising a LIDAR transmitter and receiver element and a visible imager element. The transmitter operates with a plurality of selectable beam-forming optics or a tilt-tip element. A Risley or counter-rotating prism set element permits beam-steering with lower size, weight and power (SWaP). The optics for the system may be configured in a Cassegrain-type configuration in cooperation with a plurality of beam-splitting elements to permit predetermined spectrums of the received electromagnetic spectrum to be provided respectively to the LIDAR receiver and the visible imager. One or a plurality of laser illuminator analysis spectrometers are provided for the detection of incoming laser illumination from an external source which may be in the form of a micro-lamellar spectrometer element.02-21-2013
20100079751LIQUID TESTING ASSEMBLY - A liquid testing assembly for testing a liquid, the assembly comprising a test vessel and a stopper adapted to fit into a free end of the vessel. The stopper substantially hermetically seals the test vessel from the ambient. Further, the assembly includes a support coated with one or more identifying materials for identifying one or more constituents of the liquid. The support is fixed in the stopper and/or the vessel and extends into its interior for a predetermined distance. The liquid testing assembly when assembled is pre-evacuated to a predetermined vacuum sufficient to draw a predetermined volume of liquid to be sampled into the test vessel. The predetermined volume is of such an amount that it wets the one or more identifying materials ensuring identification of one or more constituents present in the liquid. A kit employing the liquid testing assembly is also discussed.04-01-2010
20110194105OIL IN WATER ANALYZER - An oil in water analyzer for measuring the concentration of hydrocarbons in an effluent stream. The oil in water analyzer has a valve system for acquiring a sample from an effluent stream. An extraction device is used for mixing a known volume of a solvent and the sample to produce a hydrocarbon/solvent mixture. A second valve is used for transporting the hydrocarbon/solvent mixture to a spectroscopic cell. It is at the spectroscopic cell where the concentration of hydrocarbons in the hydrocarbon/solvent mixture is evaluated.08-11-2011
20100073674MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND MEASUREMENT METHOD - A measurement apparatus includes a DOT measurement unit, an AOT measurement unit, and a controller configured to calculate at least one of an absorption characteristic and a scattering characteristic of a test region set in an test object by utilizing one of the DOT measurement unit and the AOT measurement unit, which one has a smaller measurement size.03-25-2010
20130038867SPECTROCOLORIMETER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS - A spectrocolorimeter comprises: a calculation unit configured to calculate wavelengths of dispersing light rays respectively received by a plurality of pixels included in a light detection unit using a correspondence relationship between pixels and wavelengths of a plurality of extremal value points in a profile of dispersing light rays detected by the light detection unit upon execution of colorimetry of a reference object to be measured, wherein when the calculation unit calculates the wavelengths of the dispersing light rays respectively received by the plurality of pixels, the calculation unit adjusts a colorimetry condition for respective extremal value points so that signals to be output from pixels corresponding to the plurality of extremal value points have output levels which are not less than a reference and are not saturated.02-14-2013
20130038868IDENTIFICATION OF OBJECTS USING PLASMON RESONANT PARTICLES - A method and apparatus for identifying an object having a pattern of plasmon resonant particles (PREs) distributed in or on the object are disclosed. In the method, a field containing the pattern is illuminated, and one or more spectral emission characteristics of the light-scattering particles in the field are detected. From this data, an image of positions and spectral characteristic values in the field is constructed, allowing PREs with a selected spectral signature to be discriminated from other light-scattering entities, to provide information about the field. The image may be compared to a database of reference images to identify or validate the object.02-14-2013
20100045977Methods of Analyzing Samples Using Broadband Laser Light - Broadband light, for example, from a Fabry-Perot quantum cascade laser, is shone onto a sample, and spectral data concerning the broadband light reflected from the sample is collected. The spectral data is analyzed to determine information about one or more substances in the sample. For example, if the sample contains micro-organisms, such as bacteria or fungus, the biological classification(s) (e.g., species) of the micro-organisms can be determined from the spectral data. As another example, if the sample contains virus, the biological classification(s) (e.g., species) of the virus(es) can be determined from the spectral data. As yet another example, if the sample contains particles, size, location and velocity can be determined from the spectral data.02-25-2010
20090002697Optical Analysis Systems and Methods for Dynamic, High-Speed Detection and Real-Time Multivariate Optical Computing - Multivariate optical analysis systems employ multivariate optical elements and utilize multivariate optical computing methods to determine information about a product carried by light reflected from or transmitted through the product. One method of processing and monitoring the product includes introducing the product at an inspection point; illuminating the product with a spectral-specific light though an optic lens; directing the light that has passed through at least a section of the product through at least one multivariate optical element to produce a first signal, the directed light carrying information about the product; detecting the first signal at a first detector; deflecting a portion of the directed light to produce a second signal in a direction of a second detector, the second detector configured to detect the second signal; and determining at least one property of the product at a rate of about one section of the product per second to about five sections of the product per second based upon the detector outputs.01-01-2009
20130027696WAVELENGTH DISTRIBUTION MEASURING APPARATUS - Provided is a wavelength distribution measuring apparatus (01-31-2013
20130027697MULTI-MICRO HOLLOW CATHODE LIGHT SOURCE AND ATOMIC ABSORPTION SEPCTROMETER - The multi-micro hollow cathode light source has a cathode plate, an insulation plate, an anode plate, and metal pieces. The insulation plate is sandwiched by the cathode plate and the anode plate. The cathode plate is made of copper. The centers of the cathode plate, insulation plate, and anode plate, are provided with holes, respectively. The holes form a penetrating though-hole. Linear slots are disposed in the cathode plate continuously extending from the hole in a cross shape. Each slot penetrates the cathode plate. Four metal pieces made of materials different from one another are inserted and buried in the four slots.01-31-2013
20120182549LIGHT SOURCE WITH UNIFORM CHROMATICITY AND LUMINANCE AND COLOR SENSOR PROVIDED WITH SAME - The present invention discloses a light source with uniform chromaticity and luminance and a color sensor having the same. The light source includes multiple LED devices, a primary light guide plate assembly and a secondary light guide plate assembly. The chromaticity and luminance of light emitted from the LED devices are uniformized for the first time in the primary light guide plate assembly and then guided into the secondary light guide plate assembly for the secondary chromaticity and luminance uniformization, to thereby act as the light source of the color sensor. Therefore, the light source not only provides better chromaticity and luminance uniformization effects, but is further qualified as the standard illuminant D65, thereby enabling more precise color sensor inspection results.07-19-2012
20090290149TRANSSPECTRAL ILLUMINATION - Methods are disclosed of generating a visible image of an object or scene under study. At least a portion of the object or scene under study is illuminated with light outside a visible portion of an electromagnetic spectrum. Light scattered by the object or scene under study is received. The received light is spectroscopically analyzed for volume elements of the object or scene under study. A respective qualitative feature of the object or scene under study is identified at least one of the volume elements. Visible light is propagated to the at least one of the volume elements according to the respective qualitative feature of the object or scene under study at the at least one of the volume elements.11-26-2009
20090237656Tomographic Imaging Using Hyperspectral Absorption Spectroscopy - Described herein are systems and methods of tomographic imaging using hyperspectral absorption spectroscopy, which may comprise simultaneously performing absorption measurements at multiple different wavelengths and then performing a tomographic inversion process to exploit the hyperspectral absorption spectroscopy information obtained. The methods and systems described herein can be used to a) exploit the hyperspectral information content to reduce the number of projections required and to improve the stability of the tomographic reconstruction in the presence of measurement errors, b) enable flexible incorporation of various a priori information, c) ameliorate the ill-posedness of the tomographic inversion problem. These advantages are useful in the practical application of tomographic techniques.09-24-2009
20120236297OPTICAL SENSOR AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS - An optical sensor includes a light receiving element (for example a photodiode) and an angle limiting filter that limits the incidence angle of incidence light with respect to the light receiving area of the light receiving element. When a wavelength of the incidence light is denoted by λ, a height of the angle limiting filter is denoted by R, and a width of an opening of the angle limiting filter is denoted by d, “d09-20-2012
20080316478METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SPECTROMETER NOISE REDUCTION - Methods and apparatus for enhancing reference spectra are presented. Movement of a reference material relative to a spectrometer optical path is used to enhance reference spectra precision. Alternatively, changing an optically sampled area and/or volume of a reference material during collection of a reference spectrum is used to enhance reference spectra precision. Two separate cases are treated, where the observed variation removed is dependent upon hardware configuration of an analyzer and position of the analyzer relative to the reference. The first case is reduction or removal of radiance variation. The second case is reduction or removal of spectral variation due to observed diffraction. Enhanced reference spectra precision results in enhanced precision and/or accuracy of associated analyte property determinations.12-25-2008
20120105838Multipoint method for identifying hazardous agents - The invention relates to apparatus and methods for assessing occurrence of a hazardous agent in a sample by performing multipoint spectral analysis of the sample. Methods of employing Raman spectroscopy and other spectrophotometric methods are disclosed. Devices and systems suitable for performing such multipoint methods are also disclosed.05-03-2012
20100259752SENSORS WITH FIBER BRAGG GRATINGS AND CARBON NANOTUBES - Systems and methods for sensing an external measurand are disclosed. A sensor includes an optical fiber having at least one fiber Bragg grating (FBG) section and a plurality of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) surrounding at least a portion of the FBG section. Light is provided into the sensor while the CNTs are exposed to one or more measurands. A change in a spectrum of one of a transmitted portion and a reflected portion of the light is determined. A measurand that has caused the change is identified.10-14-2010
20090128805BIOLOGICAL COMPONENT MEASURING SENSOR - A biological component measuring sensor comprising a plurality of light-receiving regions provided in a light-receiving element for receiving light from an organism, and a plurality of waveguides provided in correspondence with the plurality of light-receiving regions, each including an in-let side opening through which the light enters and an out-let side opening from which the light exits, and introducing the light to the plurality of light-receiving regions, respectively. The plurality of waveguides are provided in a waveguide formation member formed integrally, and the opening area of the in-let side opening of each of the waveguides is larger than the opening area of the out-let side opening. Consequently, the sensor can receive light from an organism more efficiently.05-21-2009
20090153852OPTICAL FIBER FOR SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS SYSTEM - The present invention provides an optical fiber for connecting a probe head and a base station of a spectroscopic analysis system for analyzing the molecular composition of a volume of interest. The optical fiber comprises a core for transmission of excitation radiation from the base station to the probe head and a first cladding for transmission of multi-mode return radiation from the probe head to a spectroscopic analysis unit of the base station. Preferably, the first cladding is surrounded by a second cladding and therefore provides a multi-mode wave guide by itself. Appropriately designing the dimensions of the core, the first cladding and the second cladding provides an optimal collection and coupling efficiency of the optical fiber. Coating of the distal end facet of the optical fiber with multi-layer optical filters allows an effective separation of elastically and inelastically scattered radiation which is of advantage for the spectroscopic analysis.06-18-2009
20080316479Optical device - According to an aspect of the embodiment, an optical device has a mirror device having a plurality of mirrors which are able to move, and a mirror interface for adjusting light axis of the each input light in accordance with each position of the mirrors.12-25-2008
20100128263Optical microscope and spectrum measuring method - An optical microscope applies laser light to a sample through the an objective lens, detects reflected light reflected by the sample through the objective lens, changes a focal position of the laser light in an optical axis direction, extracts a focal position for spectrum measurement based on a detection result of the reflected light when the focal position of the laser light is changed, adjusts the focal position to coincide with the extracted focal position, separates outgoing light exiting from the sample by application of the laser light with the adjusted focal position from the laser light, and measures a spectrum of the outgoing light separated from the laser light with a spectroscope.05-27-2010
20110149279APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MEASURING THE MERCURY CONTENT OF A GAS - The invention relates to an apparatus for the measurement of the mercury content of a gas the apparatus comprising: 06-23-2011
20120287426PATTERN INSPECTION METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SAME - In an optical inspection for patterned media for hard disks, a pattern inspection device is provided for inspecting patterns without being susceptible to variations in film thickness and film quality of an underlying film, the device includes optical characteristics detection means for detecting optical characteristics of multilayers by processing, upon the reflected light being dispersed and detected by the spectroscopic detection means, the reflected light from a non-patterned region on the substrate, and processing a detection signal corresponding to, and detecting optical characteristics of, the reflected light from the patterns including the multilayers; and pattern inspection means for inspecting the patterns formed on the multilayers, by viewing, upon the detection of the optical characteristics by the optical characteristics detection means, information on the optical characteristics of the reflected light from the multilayers, and processing information on the optical characteristics of the reflected light from the patterns including the multilayers.11-15-2012
20100123897SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CORRECTING OPTICAL REFLECTANCE MEASUREMENTS - We disclose measurement systems and methods for measuring analytes in target regions of samples that also include features overlying the target regions. The systems include: (a) a light source; (b) a detection system; (c) a set of at least first, second, and third light ports which transmit light from the light source to a sample and receive and direct light reflected from the sample to the detection system, generating a first set of data including information corresponding to both an internal target within the sample and features overlying the internal target, and a second set of data including information corresponding to features overlying the internal target; and (d) a processor configured to remove information characteristic of the overlying features from the first set of data using the first and second sets of data to produce corrected information representing the internal target.05-20-2010
20100123898Optical Displacement Gage - An optical displacement gage includes the phase determining unit includes a relative phase deciding unit to decide a relative phase of the frequency component within a range of 360 degrees, an absolute phase computing unit to compute an absolute phase by combining the relative phase based on the decision result by the relative phase deciding unit and the past decision result by the relative phase, and a phase reference updating unit to update a reference point of the absolute phase based on a reset instruction, and the displacement amount deciding unit decides the displacement amount based on the absolute phase.05-20-2010
20090273777APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CROSS AXIS PARALLEL SPECTROSCOPY - An exemplary embodiment of apparatus and method to measure and filter the spectrum of electro-magnetic radiation using multiple dispersive elements, such as diffraction gratings or VIPA etalons, concatenated in a cross-axis orthogonal arrangement can be provided. For example, it is possible to receive at least one first electro-magnetic radiation and generate at least one second electro-magnetic radiation using at least one first spectral separating arrangement. A first spectrum of the second electro-magnetic radiation can be dispersed along at least one first dispersive axis with respect to a propagation direction of the second electro-magnetic radiation. In addition, it is possible to, using at least one second arrangement, receive the second electro-magnetic radiation and produce at least one third electromagnetic radiation having a second spectrum dispersed along at least one second dispersive axis with respect to a propagation direction of the third electromagnetic radiation. The orientations of the respective first and second dispersive axes can be different from one another. The first and/or second dispersive arrangements can be VIPA etalon arrangements.11-05-2009
20080212089Multi-spectral techniques for defocus detection - A method and apparatus for improved defocus detection on wafers. The use of hyperspectral imaging provides increased sensitivity for local defocus defects, and the use of Fourier Space analysis provides increased sensitivity for extended defocus defects. A combination of the two provides improved overall sensitivity to local and extended defocus defects.09-04-2008
20100128264METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR TEMPERATURE RELATED MEASUREMENT ERRORS IN A CONFOCAL CHROMATIC MEASURING DISTANCE SENSOR - According to the invention, a method for compensating for temperature related measurement errors in an optical arrangement, comprising at least one lens (05-27-2010
20110205535SPECTROSCOPIC SENSORS - Disclosed herein are sensors that include: (a) a circuit board that includes an electronic processor; (b) a plurality of radiation sources, each source being attached to the circuit board; and (c) a spectral detector attached to the circuit board, the spectral detector being configured to analyze radiation derived from one or more of the plurality of radiation sources. During use, the sensors are configured to be worn on a portion of a body of a subject. The electronic processor is configured to cause two or more of the plurality of radiation sources to direct incident radiation to the subject, to cause the spectral detector to analyze radiation from the subject, and to determine one or more properties of the subject based on the radiation from the subject. Methods of making and using these sensors are also disclosed.08-25-2011
20080285025ANALYZING APPARATUS - A light amount is increased and an analyzing accuracy can be kept in accordance with an enlargement of a load angle, however, a scattered light tends to be loaded in an analysis accompanying the scattered light and a dynamic range of a concentration which can be measured becomes narrow. A light is dispersed by a light dispersing portion, a load angle of the received light is changed per wavelength, the load angle is made larger in the light of a wavelength having a small light amount, and the load angle is made smaller in the light a wavelength having a large light amount and used for an analysis accompanying a scattered light. Accordingly, it is possible to gain a dynamic range of a concentration which can be measured in the analysis accompanying the scattered light, while increasing the light amount and maintaining the analyzing accuracy.11-20-2008
20080212088Holographic Sensors and Their Uses - A method of analysing a holographic sensor (09-04-2008
20120140214SPECTROSCOPY MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR - In a spectroscopic module 06-07-2012
20090086200Spectrometric characterization of pharmaceutical heterogeneity - In one general aspect, a spectroscopic method for monitoring heterogeneity of a sample is disclosed. In this method, sampled spectroscopic measurements are acquired over a range of different micro locations in a macro-sample of the sample. This step is repeated for micro-locations in further macro-samples of the sample, and a statistical measure of chemical heterogeneity is derived from the acquisitions. In another general aspect, differently sized samples are acquired, and a statistical measure of chemical heterogeneity is derived from these acquisitions.04-02-2009
20110228263ILLUMINATING A SPECIMEN FOR METROLOGY OR INSPECTION - Illumination subsystems of a metrology or inspection system, metrology systems, inspection systems, and methods for illuminating a specimen for metrology measurements or for inspection are provided.09-22-2011
20080285026OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASURING APPARATUS AND MEASURING METHOD USING LIGHT REFLECTED FROM OBJECT TO BE MEASURED - A measurement-purpose light source generates a measurement light used for measuring an optical characteristic of an object to be measured, and the measurement light includes a component in a wavelength range for measurement of the optical characteristic of the object. An observation-purpose light source generates an observation light used for focusing on the object to be measured and checking a position of measurement. The observation light is selected such that the observation light includes a component that can be reflected from the object to be measured. The measurement light and the observation light are thus applied independently to the object to be measured, through a common objective lens, and accordingly improvement of the precision in measurement of the optical characteristic and facilitation of focusing on the object to be measured are achieved simultaneously.11-20-2008
20090116006BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION MEASURING SENSOR - A biological information measuring sensor (05-07-2009
20090219523Method and System for Measuring Sub-Surface Composition of a Sample - In a method for measuring a composition of a sample, an illumination surface area of the sample is illuminated using a light source, and light from a plurality of emitting surface areas of the sample is received, each emitting surface area at a different location, the received light scattered by the sample. A cumulative area of the illumination surface area is greater than a cumulative area of two emitting surface areas of the plurality of emitting surface areas. For each emitting surface area, spectral content information associated with received light corresponding to that emitting surface area is determined, and composition information corresponding to a sub-surface region of the sample is determined based on the determined spectral content information. Different shapes of illumination surface areas as well as the plurality of emitting surface areas may advantageously be utilized for various specimen or sample geometries or illumination sources.09-03-2009
20100188659IN-SITU DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR GAS SPECIES MEASUREMENT - Disclosed herein are devices, systems, and methods for use in measuring the concentration component gases in a gaseous mixture. An alignment pipe can be used to maintain the alignment of a laser and a laser receiver for use in laser spectroscopy. The pipe is sufficiently rigid to mount and support the laser and receiver. An exhaust sampling port can be located on the trailing edge of the pipe for admitting gas samples into the pipe to be measured while minimizing the amount of particulate matter that enters the sampling area. The pipe can be double-walled and water cooled to maintain a reasonable temperature. Protective housings can be provided to protect the laser and receiver to improve reliability. The protective housings can be liquid cooled and pressurized to further improve reliability.07-29-2010
20120033211LARGE AREA OPTICAL DIAGNOSIS APPARATUS AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF - A large area optical diagnosis apparatus and the operating method thereof are disclosed. The large area optical diagnosis apparatus includes a light source, a light path structure, and a sensing module. The light source is used to at least emit a coherent light. The light path structure includes a plurality of optical units used for dividing the coherent light into a plurality of first incident lights and a plurality of second incident lights. The plurality of first incident lights are emitted toward an object to be diagnosed and the plurality of second incident lights are emitted toward a reference end. The object to be diagnosed and the reference end reflect the plurality of first incident lights and the plurality of second incident lights to be a plurality of reflected lights. The sensing module senses the plurality of reflected lights to generate a sensing result related to the object to be diagnosed.02-09-2012
20080309930Calibration for Spectroscopic Analysis - The present invention provides an optical analysis system for determining an amplitude of a principal component of an optical signal. The principle component is indicative of the concentration of a particular compound of various compounds of a substance that is subject to spectroscopic analysis. The optical signal is subject to a wavelength selective weighting. Spectral weighting is preferably performed by means of spatial light manipulation means in combination with a dispersive optical element. The inventive calibration mechanism and method effectively allows for an accurate positioning of the spatial light manipulation means. Calibration is based on a calibration segment on the spatial light manipulation means in combination with a reference light source and a detector.12-18-2008
20080266554INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD - An information processing apparatus includes a unit configured to acquire spectral data of ambient light to be estimated, a unit configured to receive spectral data and ambient light type information of a plurality of reference ambient light conditions, a comparison unit configured to compare the spectral data of the ambient light to be estimated with the spectral data of the plurality of reference ambient light conditions, and an estimation unit configured to estimate an ambient light type of the spectral data of the ambient light to be estimated from the ambient light type information of the reference ambient light based on a result of comparison provided by the comparison unit.10-30-2008
20110019185TUNABLE DETECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USE - A tunable bandwidth selector and method of use is disclosed. The tunable bandwidth selector may include a plurality of spaced apart electron sheets which selectively separate a first bandwidth from an input spectrum.01-27-2011
20110043799OPTICAL FIBER SENSOR AND FUEL SUPPLY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME - An optical fiber sensor includes: an optical fiber; a light source portion; and a light receiving portion. The optical fiber includes: a core that includes a grating that generates a clad mode upon receipt of light; a clad that covers the core; and a fiber jacket that covers the clad, wherein a part of the fiber jacket corresponding to an area where the grating is formed is removed so that the lad is contactable with the fuel. The light source portion includes a light cutting element that emits light, whose wavelength is within a wavelength band of the cladding mode toward the optical fiber. The light receiving portion that detects intensity of the light transmitted through the grating. The optical fiber, the light receiving portion and the light source portion are arranged linearly.02-24-2011
20110116088SENSOR CHIP, SENSOR CARTRIDGE, AND ANALYSIS APPARATUS - A sensor chip includes: a substrate that has a planar portion; and a diffraction grating on the planar portion and having a metal surface, the diffraction grating having a target substance thereon and including: a plurality of first protrusions periodically arranged in a period equal to or greater than 100 nm and equal to or less than 1000 nm in a first direction parallel to the planar portion, a plurality of base portions located between two adjacent first protrusions and configures a base of the substrate, a plurality of second protrusions formed on upper faces of the plurality of first protrusions, and a plurality of third protrusions formed on the plurality of base portions.05-19-2011
20110242531Programmed Surface Enhanced Spectroscopy Particles - Embodiments include types of programmable surface-enhanced spectroscopy (SES) particles (PSPs), including PSP 10-06-2011
20110242530IN-SITU SOIL NITRATE ION CONCENTRATION SENSOR - A method and apparatus for near real-time in-situ soil solution measurements is presented. An outer sleeve is placed in soil where ionic concentrations of organic or inorganic species are to be measured. A porous section connects with the outer sleeve (the porous section initially loaded with distilled water) equilibrates with the solution present in soil pores to form a solution to be measured. The initial distilled water is displaced within the porous section by a removable plunger. After substantial equilibration of the solution to be measured within the apparatus, the plunger is removed and a removable probe replaced. The probe may be an Ion Selective Electrode, or a transflection dip probe. The probe then may be used under computer control for measurement of solution properties. The Ion Selective Electrode may measure nitrate (NO10-06-2011
20110085163METHOD AND APPARATUS OF MEASURING RELATIVE PHASE OF BIO-CELLS - A method of measuring a relative phase of a bio-cell using a digital image sensor, comprising the steps of firstly filtering a light emitted from a light source, using a first polarizer and a first wave plate, which are arranged in order in a optical path, exposing a bio-cell to the firstly filtered light, secondly filtering the light passing through the bio-cell, using a second wave plate and a second polarizer, which are arranged in order in the optical path, and sensing an intensity of the secondly filtered light, by each of pixels of the image sensor, wherein, as conditions of the second filtering are varied, optical properties of the bio-cell are calculated using the intensity of the light in a pixel-wise manner.04-14-2011
20110090495LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND CONTAMINATION DETECTION METHOD - A lithographic apparatus includes a vessel that encloses a component with a test surface to be probed for contamination control; and an optical probe configured to transmit and receive an optical probing beam. The vessel includes a first optical port configured to transfer the optical probing beam towards the test surface, and a second optical port configured to receive a reflected optical probing beam. The optical probe includes a light source configured to provide the optical probing beam, a polarization conditioner configured to provide a predefined polarization state to the probing beam, and a spectral analyzer. The polarization conditioner is preset to provide a minimal transmission for a minimal transmission wavelength, and the spectral analyzer is arranged to detect a wavelength shift of the minimal transmission wavelength in response to a polarization change due to the presence of contamination.04-21-2011
20090153853Fiber optic spectroscopic digital imaging sensor and method for flame properties monitoring - A system for real-time monitoring of flame properties in combustors and gasifiers which includes an imaging fiber optic bundle having a light receiving end and a light output end and a spectroscopic imaging system operably connected with the light output end of the imaging fiber optic bundle. Focusing of the light received by the light receiving end of the imaging fiber optic bundle by a wall disposed between the light receiving end of the fiber optic bundle and a light source, which wall forms a pinhole opening aligned with the light receiving end.06-18-2009
20120062879Measuring Instrument for Determining the Tissue Alcohol Concentration - A measuring instrument for determining the concentration of components in the body tissue by reflection spectroscopy is disclosed. In order, inter alia, to increase the functional reliability in the case of vibrations, the measuring instrument includes a diode laser with at least one laser diode and a waveguide structure, which has an external resonator, with a wavelength selective element, for each laser diode. In the process, the radiation generated by a laser diode is coupleable into the waveguide structure and the corresponding resonator and once again decoupleable from the resonator and the waveguide structure. Moreover, a corresponding method and a motor vehicle equipped therewith are disclosed.03-15-2012
20110051134Sample cup for use with x-ray spectroscopy with internal overflow reservoir - A sample cup for retaining a sample material to be subjected to an x-ray spectrochemical analysis. The sample cup comprises a cell body of a cylindrical configuration having an open top end and an open bottom end and defining a hollow between the two open ends, the open top end having an outer wall and an inner wall encircling the open top end. The outer wall and the inner wall extend axially and are positioned in concentric relationship with one another and form an internal reservoir space therebetween.03-03-2011
20100157293METHOD FOR VALIDATING A DISPENSED PHARMACEUTICAL - An apparatus for verifying the identity of a dispensed pharmaceutical comprises an analysis unit adapted to determine a property of the dispensed pharmaceutical, an input device adapted to receive predetermined identifying information corresponding to the dispensed pharmaceutical, and a comparison unit adapted to compare the determined property of the dispensed pharmaceutical with the predetermined identifying information. In addition, a method of verifying a prescription is disclosed, wherein the prescription comprises a pharmaceutical compound and the method includes associating the prescription with identifying information, determining a property of the pharmaceutical, counting tablets of the pharmaceutical and utilizing the determined property in connection with the identifying information to verify the prescription. 06-24-2010
20100085563Illumination Sources and Customizable Spectral Profiles - Methods for generating a customized spectral profile, which can be used to generate a corresponding filter, lamp or other type of illuminant. A trial spectrum can be generated. A reference spectrum can be determined or otherwise obtained. A SOURCE spectrum can be determined or otherwise obtained. One or more optical indices can be calculated using the trial spectrum and one or more of the optical indices are optimized by varying the trial spectrum to generate the customized spectral profile. A radiation force parameter can be used to minimize unsafe build-up of light in spectral regions. Adaptations of color rendering parameters can be used in the optimization process. Smoothing parameters can be used to enable easier design of filter structures. A reflectance camera can be used to measure reflectance data at one or more pixels of a digital representation of an object to be illuminated.04-08-2010
20090323055CRDS BREWSTER GAS CELL - A toxic gas sensor or device which is a cavity ring-down spectroscopy device having two or more mirror components. Each of the mirror components has two Brewster windows attached to it. The Brewster windows are resistant to toxic gases and together with the respective mirror form a hermetically sealed volume for the mirror surface to protect it from the environment or test gases. The Brewster windows may have a heating mechanism to remove contaminants, condensation, and provide temperature stabilization and other beneficial features.12-31-2009
20110149278OFFSET PROBE - An offset probe (06-23-2011
20090174882Spatial Separation of Optical Frequency Components Using Photonic Crystals - Disclosed are various devices and methods employing photonic crystals (07-09-2009
20110069307Dipyrromethenes and Azadipyrromethenes as Markers for Petroleum Products - Marking a petroleum product includes adding a covert dye selected from the group consisting of azadipyrromethene dyes, dipyrromethene dyes, and any combination thereof to the petroleum product and distributing the dye in the petroleum product. A petroleum product selected for analysis may be spectroscopically analyzed for the presence of an azadipyrromethene dye, a dipyrromethene dye, or a combination thereof. A concentration of at least one azadipyrromethene or dipyrromethene dye present in the portion of the petroleum product may be determined to identify the petroleum product as counterfeit, adulterated, or authentic based on the determined concentration of the azadipyrromethene or dipyrromethene dye.03-24-2011
20120147369SPECTRAL MODULE - In a spectroscopic module, a flange 06-14-2012
20090122307Sensor technique for black liquor oxidation control - A method for determining simultaneously from an oxidized black liquor sample an amount of sulfide, an amount of total dissolved solids, and an amount of effective alkali present in the sample, wherein the sulfide amount, the total dissolved solids amount, and the effective alkali amount are determined by subjecting the sample to attenuated total reflection (ATR) ultraviolet/visible (UV/V) spectroscopy over a wavelength of from about 190 to about 500 nm. Data from analyzing oxidized black liquor samples, and from analyzing one or more black liquor samples which may be subjected to black oxidation, may be used in a black liquor oxidation (BLOX) system for monitoring and/or controlling sulfur emissions from a kraft process.05-14-2009
20120307237METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SYNCHRONOUSLY DRIVING LIGHT-DISPERSING ELEMENTS, AND DETECTOR FOR CHROMATOGRAPH - Provided is a system for synchronously driving light-dispersing elements capable of synchronously and sequentially changing an excitation-light wavelength and a fluorescence wavelength at high speeds. The system includes: a first light-dispersing unit having a first light-dispersing element and a first pulse motor; a second light-dispersing unit having a second light-dispersing element and a second pulse motor; a memory section for storing light-dispersing element information relating to a change in the wavelength of the monochromatic light and the dynamic characteristics information of the pulse motors; a drive condition setting section for allowing an operator to set synchronous drive conditions; a pulse transmission pattern creator; and a pulse transmitter.12-06-2012
20090213368TUNABLE SPECTROSCOPIC ENHANCEMENT VIA TRANSFORMATION OF ELECTROLESS PLATING INTO METAL FILMS WITH PREDICTABLY ADJUSTABLE OPTICAL FEATURES - A plurality of gold nanoparticles disposed on a surface of a substrate includes nanoparticles having an average particle density greater than 1.8×1008-27-2009
20110063609Spectroscopy method and spectroscope - A spectroscopy method, includes guiding pulse laser light to an optical fiber, which mutually reacts with a sample to be measured of a light absorptance characteristic, outputting ring down pulse light obtained through light absorption of the sample, measuring an absorptance characteristic of the sample based on an attenuation characteristic of the ring down pulse light, and setting the pulse laser light as wide-spectrum laser light, setting the optical fiber as a strong dispersive optical fiber, and increasing a pulse width of the ring down pulse light to measure a wavelength absorptance characteristic based on a ring down attenuation constant of a pulse train with respect to a time sequence corresponding to a wavelength.03-17-2011
20120113417GENERATING AND DETECTING RADIATION - A method of generating radiation comprises: manufacturing a structure comprising a substrate supporting a layer of InGaAs, InGaAsP, or InGaAlAs material doped with a dopant, said manufacturing comprising growing said layer such that said dopant is incorporated in said layer during growth of the layer; illuminating a portion of a surface of the structure with radiation having photon energies greater than or equal to a band gap of the doped InGaAs, InGaAsP, or InGaAlAs material so as to create electron-hole pairs in the layer of doped material; and accelerating the electrons and holes of said pairs with an electric field so as to generate radiation. In certain embodiments the dopant is Fe. Corresponding radiation detecting apparatus, spectroscopy systems, and antennas are described.05-10-2012
20090135416Parametric Profiling Using Optical Spectroscopic Systems - A gallery of seed profiles is constructed and the initial parameter values associated with the profiles are selected using manufacturing process knowledge of semiconductor devices. Manufacturing process knowledge may also be used to select the best seed profile and the best set of initial parameter values as the starting point of an optimization process whereby data associated with parameter values of the profile predicted by a model is compared to measured data in order to arrive at values of the parameters. Film layers over or under the periodic structure may also be taken into account. Different radiation parameters such as the reflectivities R05-28-2009
20110102786Method of Determining the Spatial Configuration of Molecules in Particles or Macromolecules, Especially for Determining the Shape of Metal Nanoparticles and Device for the Implementation Thereof - The present invention relates to a method and a device for determining the spatial configuration of molecules in particles or macromolecules or the shape of nanometric metallic particles. This method provides for the excitation of said particles or macromolecules placed in solution by way of two pulsed laser beams (E05-05-2011
20120133931FREQUENCY COMB SOURCE WITH LARGE COMB SPACING - A frequency comb laser providing large comb spacing is disclosed. At least one embodiment includes a mode locked waveguide laser system. The mode locked waveguide laser includes a laser cavity having a waveguide, and a dispersion control unit (DCU) in the cavity. The DCU imparts an angular dispersion, group-velocity dispersion (GVD) and a spatial chirp to a beam propagating in the cavity. The DCU is capable of producing net GVD in a range from a positive value to a negative value. In some embodiments a tunable fiber frequency comb system configured as an optical frequency synthesizer is provided. In at least one embodiment a low phase noise micro-wave source may be implemented with a fiber comb laser having a comb spacing greater than about 1 GHz. The laser system is suitable for mass-producible fiber comb sources with large comb spacing and low noise. Applications include high-resolution spectroscopy.05-31-2012
20110181877METHOD OF CALIBRATING A WAVELENGTH-MODULATION SPECTROSCOPY APPARATUS - Several methods of calibrating a wavelength-modulation spectroscopy apparatus configured to measure a concentration of an analyte in a sample gas are disclosed. Each of the methods allows for calibration and recalibration using a relatively safe gas regardless of whether the sample gas for which the concentration of the analyte can be determined is a hazardous gas. In one embodiment of the invention, calibration that is sample-gas specific is, accomplished by determining a first slope coefficient and calibration function for the sample gas, after which a scaling factor can be determined based on the first slope coefficient and a second slope coefficient for the same or a different sample gas and used in a subsequent calibration (or recalibration) to scale the calibration function. In other embodiments of the invention, calibration that is not sample-gas specific is accomplished to allow for the determination of the analyte concentration in variable gas compositions and constant gas compositions.07-28-2011
20110181876METHOD OF CALIBRATING A WAVELENGTH-MODULATION SPECTROSCOPY APPARATUS - Several methods of calibrating a wavelength-modulation spectroscopy apparatus configured to measure a concentration of an analyte in a sample gas are disclosed. Each of the methods allows for calibration and recalibration using a relatively safe gas regardless of whether the sample gas for which the concentration of the analyte can be determined is a hazardous gas. In one embodiment of the invention, calibration that is sample-gas specific is accomplished by determining a first slope coefficient and calibration function for the sample gas, after which a scaling factor can be determined based on the first slope coefficient and a second slope coefficient for the same or a different sample gas and used in a subsequent calibration (or recalibration) to scale the calibration function. In other embodiments of the invention, calibration that is not sample-gas specific is accomplished to allow for the determination of the analyte concentration in variable gas compositions and constant gas compositions.07-28-2011
20120212731MULTIPLE WAVELENGTH CAVITY RING-DOWN SPECTROSCOPY - Described are methods for multi-wavelength cavity ring-down spectroscopy; comprising simultaneously and continuously irradiating an optical cavity with light at two or more different wavelengths, each light being intensity-modulated at a different modulation frequency, detecting the light of two or more wavelengths after the light has travelled through the optical cavity; measuring an optical loss of each detected light; and determining a characteristic of the optical cavity from the optical loss of each detected light. Also described are apparatus and systems for multi-wavelength cavity ring-down spectroscopy.08-23-2012
20090059220System and Method for Chemical Imaging of Microarrays - The disclosure relates to systems and method for chemical imaging of microarrays. In one embodiment, the disclosure relates to a system for simultaneous spectral imaging of a plurality of samples arranged on an array. The system includes an illumination source for providing illuminating photons to said plurality of samples, the illuminating photons interacting with each of the plurality of samples to emit interacted photons; an array for receiving said plurality of samples, the array having an external dimension such that the samples are within a simultaneous field of view of the optical device; an optical device for collecting the interacted photons and directing the photons to an imaging device, the imaging device simultaneously forming a plurality of images corresponding to each of the plurality of samples.03-05-2009
20120257196HIGH SPEED MICROSCOPE WITH SPECTRAL RESOLUTION - A system and method of high-speed microscopy using a two-photon microscope with spectral resolution. The microscope is operable to provide two- to five-dimensional fluorescence images of samples, including two or three spatial dimensions, a spectral dimension (for fluorescence emission), and a temporal dimension (on a scale of less than approximately one second). Two-dimensional (spatial) images with a complete wavelength spectrum are generated from a single scan of a sample. The microscope may include one of a multi-beam point scanning microscope, a single beam line scanning microscope, and a multi-beam line scanning microscope. The line scans may be formed using one or more of curved mirrors and lenses. The multiple beams may be formed using one of a grating, an array of lenses, and a beam splitter.10-11-2012
20120262711SPECTROMETRIC MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND PROGRAM - A spectrometric measurement device capable of determining an optimal wavelength for detecting an objective component is provided. One mode of the present invention is a fluorescence measurement device for casting an excitation light of a predetermined wavelength into or onto a sample and detecting a predetermined wavelength of light contained in the fluorescence generated from the sample irradiated with the excitation light.10-18-2012
20120327405COLOR MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS - The color measurement device and an image forming apparatus using the same includes a light source for irradiating a color measurement object with white light; a diffraction grating for dispersing the light reflected from the color measurement object; and a line sensor formed of multiple pixels that generate an electric signal corresponding to the intensity of the light dispersed by the diffraction grating, wherein the light source includes a light-emitting diode having a peak value of emission intensity in a wavelength zone of 380 nm to 420 nm, and a plural types of fluorescent members each having a peak value of fluorescence intensity in a wavelength zone of 420 nm to 730 nm.12-27-2012
20120229803SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASUREMENT METHOD AND SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASUREMENT APPARATUS - A spectral characteristic measurement method for measuring spectral characteristics of measured light with higher accuracy is provided. The spectral characteristic measurement method includes causing an optical measurement instrument having detection sensitivity in a first wavelength range to receive light in a second wavelength range which is a part of the first wavelength range, obtaining characteristic information indicating a stray light component from a portion of a first spectrum detected by the optical measurement instrument, that corresponds to a range other than the second wavelength range, and obtaining a pattern indicating a stray light component generated in the optical measurement instrument by subjecting the characteristic information to extrapolation processing as far as the second wavelength range in the first wavelength range.09-13-2012
20080297788APPARATUS AND METHOD OF BIOMETRIC DETERMINATION USING SPECIALIZED OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS - Methods and apparatuses for performing biometric determinations using optical spectroscopy of tissue. The biometric determinations that are disclosed include determination or verifications of identity, estimation of age, estimation of sex, determination of sample liveness and sample authenticity. The apparatuses disclosed are based upon discrete light sources such as light emitting diodes, laser diodes, vertical cavity surface emitting lasers, and broadband sources with multiple narrow-band optical filters. The multiple light sources are encoded in a manner that the tissue response for each source can be efficiently measured. The light sources are spaced at multiple distances from a detector to contribute differing information to the biometric determination task as do light sources with different wavelength characteristics. Apparatuses are disclosed that incorporate a spectral biometric sensor with a personal electronic device such as cellular telephones, personal digital assistants, wristwatches, electronic fobs for the purpose of providing secure biometric access to protected property.12-04-2008
20080297787Optical Array for the Spectrally Selective Identification of Light of a Light Beam - Disclosed is an optical array (12-04-2008
20120327406APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZING AN ELECTROMAGNETIC SIGNAL USING SPECTRAL ANALYSIS - An apparatus for characterizing energy and direction dependence of intensity for an electromagnetic signal uses spectral analysis and has particular application in the field of surface plasmon resonance. An energy dependent filter is located in an imaging space of the signal and separates the signal in an energy dependent manner. A first portion of the signal output from the filter is limited to a predetermined range of narrow energy bands and is directed to a photodetector. The photodetector receives the first signal portion and detects signal intensities across the photodetector surface, each of the signal intensities corresponding to a specific wavevector direction and energy band within the predetermined range. The filter provides said energy dependent selection for each of a plurality of different ranges of energy bands so as to create a three-dimensional dataset indicative of the energy and direction dependence of the signal intensity.12-27-2012
20110157585METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SPECTRAL MODULE AND SPECTRAL MODULE - In a method for manufacturing a spectral module 06-30-2011
20080252883Spectroscopic determination of concentration in a rectification column - Spectroscopic determination of concentration in a rectification column The present invention relates to a method for determining the concentration in a rectification column by means of IR spectroscopy, wherein the sample is taken under hydrostatic control.10-16-2008
20080252882FILTER ASSEMBLY AND IMAGE ENHANCEMENT SYSTEM FOR A SURVEILLANCE CAMERA AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME - A filter assembly adapted to be used with a camera for selectively controlling the light that reaches the camera's aperture. In one embodiment, the filter assembly comprises three filters adapted to be independently moved between a first position wherein they are not in front of the camera's aperture and a second position wherein they are in front of the camera's aperture. The first and second filters are polarizing filters adapted to block portions of visible light. The third filter is an infrared filter adapted to block infrared light. In addition to moving between its first position and its second position, the second filter is also adapted to rotate up to 360 degrees. The image captured by the camera may be improved using a computer implemented image enhancement system that uses one or more of multi-spectral imaging, deconvolution, edge enhancement, and dynamic range translation.10-16-2008
20080231850Measuring Device, Method, Program, and Recording Medium - A frequency resolution for measuring transmission characteristics of a device under test is increased. With a measuring device including a first terahertz light generator that generates incident light, a second terahertz light generator that generates reference light having an optical frequency f09-25-2008
20080231849Thin-Layer Porous Optical Sensors for Gases and Other Fluids - A gas sensor uses optical interferents in a porous thin film cell to measure the refractive index of the pore medium. As the medium within the pores changes, spectral variations can be detected. For example, as the pores are filled with a solution, the characteristic peaks exhibit a spectral shift in one direction. Conversely, when tiny amounts of gas are produced, the peaks shift in the opposite direction. This can be used to measure gas evolution, humidity and for applications for other interferometric-based sensing devices.09-25-2008
20080225286Method And Apparatus For Detecting Defects - A defect inspection method and apparatus that can easily and quickly determine, from among a plurality of inspection conditions, a condition that allows for an inspection with high sensitivity. The inspection apparatus has a variety of optical functions to cover a variety of kinds of defects to be inspected (shape, material, nearby pattern, etc.). For each optical function, grayscale depths of defects that the operator wants detected and of pseudo defects that he or she wants undetected are accumulated for future use, so that conditions conducive to a higher sensitivity and a lower pseudo defect detection rate can be selected efficiently. Conditions that can be selected for optical systems include a bright-field illumination, a dark-field illumination and a bright-/dark-field composite illumination, illumination wavelength bands, polarization filters and spatial filters.09-18-2008
20080225285Device for and Method of Measurement of Chemical Agents Quantity in Gas Medium - Measurement device for chemical agents quantity contained in a gas medium having a source of monochromatic radiation with a wavelength which changes in accordance with time law that is supplied through an optical brancher to an optical modulator, and then into a gas medium to be measured and further into a photoreceiver, whose signal is supplied into a computing block, while another part of the radiation from the optical brancher is supplied into a gas correlating filter, and the radiation which passed through the gas correlating filter is supplied to the auxiliary photoreceivers, whose signal is supplied to the solving block of standard comparison for controlling the optical modulator and the computing block, so that on the photoreceiver, a radiation is supplied only from spectral lines or bands of radiation of the chemical agents to be measured, and signals from a part of spectral radiation in spectral lines and bands which coincide with a spectral lines of bands of absorption of foreign gasses are filtered out.09-18-2008
20130169958Surface Processing Progress Monitoring System - Provided is a technique for calculating a hole depth or substrate thickness with high accuracy during surface processing work, such as etching or grinding. A difference spectrum calculator calculates the difference between a spectrum acquired at one time and another spectrum acquired at a time earlier than the aforementioned time by a predetermined. The base spectra which are contained in the observed spectra but do not contribute to interference can be regarded as common to the observed spectra. Therefore, the difference spectrum is a virtually normalized interference spectrum. A Fourier transform operator performs a frequency analysis on the difference spectrum, using a Fourier transform or similar technique. In the thereby obtained signal, a clear peak originating from the interference appears at a position corresponding to the optical path length. From this peak position, an optical distance calculator determines the optical path length, calculates the hole depth, and displays the calculated result.07-04-2013
20130176560DUAL WINDOW PROCESSING SCHEMES FOR SPECTROSCOPIC OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY (OCT) AND FOURIER DOMAIN LOW COHERENCE INTERFEROMETRY - Current apparatuses and methods for analysis of spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (SOCT) signals suffer from an inherent tradeoff between time (depth) and frequency (wavelength) resolution. In one non-limiting embodiment, multiple or dual window (DW) apparatuses and methods for reconstructing time-frequency distributions (TFDs) that applies two windows that independently determine the optical and temporal resolution is provided. For example, optical resolution may relate to scattering information about a sample, and temporal resolution may be related to absorption or depth related information. The effectiveness of the apparatuses and methods is demonstrated in simulations and in processing of measured OCT signals that contain fields which vary in time and frequency. The DW technique may yield TFDs that maintain high spectral and temporal resolution and are free from the artifacts and limitations commonly observed with other processing methods.07-11-2013
20130176561WAVELENGTH DETECTOR AND CONTACT PROBE USING IT - A contact probe includes a stylus and an optical detector configured to detect a posture of the stylus optically. An illumination subject portion is formed on the stylus and has three or more reflection surfaces. The optical detector includes three or more fibers, a light source, a condenser lens group, and a wavelength detector. The wavelength detector calculates posture information of the stylus on the basis of wavelength variations of reflection light beams that are caused by variations of intervals between the condenser lens group and the three or more reflection surfaces, respectively. The contact probe acquires coordinates of a position of the contact to the object to be measured on the basis of posture information obtained by the optical detector.07-11-2013
20130100442OPTICAL MEASUREMENTS OF PROPERTIES IN SUBSTANCES USING PROPAGATION MODES OF LIGHT - This application describes designs, implementations, and techniques for controlling propagation mode or modes of light in a common optical path, which may include one or more waveguides, to sense a sample.04-25-2013
20130128264SINGLE-MODE OPTICAL FIBER-BASED ANGLE-RESOLVED LOW COHERENCE INTERFEROMETRIC (LCI)(A/LCI) AND NON-INTERFEROMETRIC SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Optical fiber-based angle-resolved low coherence interferometric systems and methods are disclosed for imaging of scattering samples and measurement of optical and structural properties. A single-mode collection optical fiber can be employed and scanned to collect an angular scattering distribution of scattered light from the sample. Use of a single-mode collection optical fiber can reduce cost, increase signal accuracy, and provide compatibility with optical coherence tomography systems, as examples. In certain embodiments, collected angular scatterings of light from the sample are cross-correlated with a reference signal to provide an angular scattering distribution of scattering of light from the sample. The angular scattering distribution can be spectrally dispersed to yield an angle-resolved, spectrally-resolved cross-correlation profile having depth-resolved information about the sample at the scattering angles. The angle-resolved, spectrally-resolved cross-correlation profile can be analyzed to provide size and/or depth information about the sample. The systems and methods can also be employed in non-interferometric modes.05-23-2013
20130141718SPECTROMETER MODULE - A spectroscopic module 06-06-2013
20080198374Spectral estimation of spectrometers time-sampled signals using fast implementation of the reverse non-uniform discrete fourier transform - A spectrometric system has a primary channel with a signal waveform and a reference channel with a signal waveform. A digital representation of the primary signal waveform and a digital representation of the reference signal waveform to provide a digital output representing the primary signal at datum points synchronized with the reference signal are processed by computing the Fourier transform of the primary signal waveform and using a fast reverse non-uniform discrete Fourier Transform technique to compute the reverse non-uniform discrete Fourier transform of the Fourier transform of the primary signal waveform to provide the digital output representing the primary signal at datum points synchronized with the reference signal.08-21-2008
20130135614DUAL WINDOW PROCESSING SCHEMES FOR SPECTROSCOPIC OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY (OCT) AND FOURIER DOMAIN LOW COHERENCE INTERFEROMETRY - Current apparatuses and methods for analysis of spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (SOCT) signals suffer from an inherent tradeoff between time (depth) and frequency (wavelength) resolution. In one non-limiting embodiment, multiple or dual window (DW) apparatuses and methods for reconstructing time-frequency distributions (TFDs) that applies two windows that independently determine the optical and temporal resolution is provided. For example, optical resolution may relate to scattering information about a sample, and temporal resolution may be related to absorption or depth related information. The effectiveness of the apparatuses and methods is demonstrated in simulations and in processing of measured OCT signals that contain fields which vary in time and frequency. The DW technique may yield TFDs that maintain high spectral and temporal resolution and are free from the artifacts and limitations commonly observed with other processing methods.05-30-2013
20120274932POLISHING WITH COPPER SPECTRUM - A method of controlling polishing includes polishing a substrate of a non-metallic layer undergoing polishing and a metal layer underlying the non-metallic layer; storing a metal reference spectrum, the metal reference spectrum being a spectrum of light reflected from a same metal material as the metal layer; measuring a sequence of raw spectra of light reflected from the substrate during polishing with an in-situ optical monitoring system; normalizing each raw spectrum in the sequence of spectra to generate a sequence of normalized spectra, of which normalizing includes a division operation where the measured spectrum is in the numerator and the metal reference spectrum is in the denominator; and determining at least one of a polishing endpoint or an adjustment for a polishing rate based on at least one normalized predetermined spectrum from the sequence of normalized spectra.11-01-2012
20130155401IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD - The present invention enables high-speed and high-precision correction of a ghost detected in a spectrum measuring apparatus. A ghost is detected from spectrum data of reference light measured by the apparatus, and for each wavelength of input light, a light amount ratio α of the input light to the corresponding ghost, as well as a shift amount di indicative of a wavelength difference between the input light and the corresponding ghost are acquired. For each spectrum wavelength of the measured light, wavelength shifting for the corresponding shift amount di and multiplication of the light amount ratio (or intensity ratio) α are performed for estimating the ghost. By removing the estimated ghost from the measured light, it is possible to realize high-precision ghost correction with a reduced amount of calculation and a reduced amount of memory.06-20-2013
20120026492DETECTION OF LAYER CLEARING USING SPECTRAL MONITORING - A method of polishing includes polishing a substrate having a second layer overlying a first layer, measuring a sequence of groups of spectra of light from the substrate while the substrate is being polished, each group of the groups of spectra including spectra from different locations on the substrate, for each group, calculating a value for a dispersion parameter of the spectra in the group to generate a sequence of dispersion values, and detecting exposure of the first layer based on the sequence of dispersion values.02-02-2012

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