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With light detector (e.g., photocell)

Subclass of:

356 - Optics: measuring and testing

356027000 - VELOCITY OR VELOCITY/HEIGHT MEASURING

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
356280500 Of light interference (e.g., interferometer) 38
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20080259312Range and Velocity Sensing System - The present invention relates to a method and apparatus used to calculate at least one velocity component for a target within the region. The invention employs an energy source which is activated using an activation system in a cyclic pattern with a selected source frequency. A receiver is also employed in conjunction with a shielding system where this shielding system is configured to block the sensing of reflected energy from the target in a cyclic pattern with a selected receiver frequency. The invention operates through measuring a frequency change in the source frequency of the energy source signal when received by the receiver and determines a velocity component for a target based on a measured frequency change for a known direction of travel. The invention may also be extended to provide a two or three dimensional velocity vector through the addition of further energy sources.10-23-2008
20090122298Optical Screen, Systems and Methods For Producing and Operating Same - There is provided a system for forming an optical screen, including a continuous wave or pulsed laser transmitter for transmitting a beam of radiation at a predetermined wavelength and forming a planar or curved surface to be traversed by a moving object, at least one receiver including an array of detectors for receiving reflected or scattered beam radiation from the object and directing it towards the detectors for producing a signal, and a detection logic receiving the signal and determining parameters selected from the group of spatial position, velocity and direction of propulsion of the moving object. A method for detecting a moving object is also provided.05-14-2009
20090103073Device and method for flow state observation - The present invention discloses a device for observing a flow state comprising a translucent duct. It further comprises an irradiation unit irradiating projection light, a condensing unit condensing the projection light along a length direction with respect to an axial core area of the translucent duct in which a fluid flows; and an image pickup unit for picking up images of scattered reflected light from the axial core area of the translucent duct at a plurality of times.04-23-2009
20130033695HIGH-ENERGY LASER SYSTEM INTERCEPTING A TARGET AND METHOD THEREOF - A high-energy laser system intercepting a target using a phase conjugate mirror includes a laser oscillator which generates a laser beam irradiated to the target, a light amplifier which receives the laser beam irradiated to and reflected by the target so as to amplify it, a phase conjugate mirror which reflects the amplified laser beam. And the laser beam that is reflected by the phase conjugate mirror is amplified again in the light amplifier, and then irradiated to the target so as to intercept the target.02-07-2013
20100045967VELOCITY DETECTOR - A method of detecting the velocity of a moving object comprising the steps of: passing a beam of coherent light through an optical mask having a pattern of alternating opaque and non-opaque regions formed thereon, whereby an image of alternating light and dark fringes is projected along the length of the light beam; causing the moving object to pass through the projected image such that a portion of the light beam is reflected from the moving object as a series of pulses; detecting the reflected light pulses and the frequency of the pulses; and calculating the velocity of the object as a function of the pulse frequency and the known separation of the fringes of the image.02-25-2010
20090316136METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IDENTIFYING MOVING OBJECT, AND METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INSPECTING MOVING OBJECT BY RADIATION IMAGING - Disclosed is a method for identifying a moving object, comprising: a driving-in step of moving a moving object into a passage, a velocity measuring step of measuring a moving velocity of the moving object, a light beam emitting step of emitting light beams from one side of the passage, a light beam receiving step of receiving the light beams not shielded by the moving object at other side of the passage, a profile determining step of determining a profile of at least one portion of the moving object based on the received light beams and the measured moving velocity of the moving object, and an identifying step of determining type of the moving object by comprising the profile of the at least one portion of the moving object with information of moving objects stored previously. The method and the system according to the present invention can adopt corresponding scanning controlling manners for different vehicles, so that inspection information of inspected vehicles is complete, inspection images are of high quality, and radiation dose received by drivers are minimal.12-24-2009
20090303459METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTACTLESS DETERMINATION OF A LATERAL OFFSET RELATIVE TO A STRAIGHT-AHEAD DIRECTION - Method and apparatus for contactless determination of lateral offset relative to a straight-ahead direction when an object moves relative to an object with a stochastic surface structure, in which the surface structure is imaged on at least two similar photosensors arranged behind one another at a defined separation in the straight-ahead direction and having a spatially resolving longitudinal extent transverse to the straight-ahead direction, a spatial frequency signal corresponding to the surface structure is generated by the sensors, the spatial frequency signal of a second sensor in the movement direction is read, temporally shifted relative to the spatial frequency signal of the first sensor, such that the same, at least partially overlapping surface structure is imaged on both sensors, the spatial frequency signals of the first and second sensors are correlated to determine a correlation coefficient, and the lateral offset of the correlated spatial frequency signals on the sensors is determined.12-10-2009
20130063713Vehicle Provided with a Device for Detecting External Laser Measuring Equipment and Method for Mounting Such a Device - Disclosed is a vehicle provided with at least one detector designed to detect external measuring equipment that emits laser pulses for detecting or measuring the speed of the vehicle. The vehicle is further provided with at least one glass fibre cable whose first end is fixed in front of the detector, facing said detector, and with a transparent receiving element connected to the glass fibre cable for receiving the laser pulses and passing said pulses on to the glass fibre cable. The receiving element is attached to the exterior of the vehicle and, in stretched condition, extends along a length of at least 0.25 m on the vehicle surface.03-14-2013
20130162974Optical Air Data System Suite of Sensors - Systems and methods for laser based measurement of air parameters for use, e.g., on aircraft are disclosed. An example system includes a coherent source of radiation, a modulator, a transceiver, an optical mixer, and a measuring system. The coherent source produces a coherent radiation beam, and the modulator is configured to modulate the coherent radiation beam. The transceiver is configured to transmit the modulated radiation beam to, and receive a scattered radiation signal from a target region. The optical mixer is configured to determine a difference between the scattered radiation signal and the reference radiation beam. The measuring system is configured to determine at least one of velocity, air density, pressure, temperature, barometric altitude, angle of attack, angle of side slip, icing and turbulence based on the difference between the scattered radiation signal and the reference radiation beam.06-27-2013
20090237643Laser Doppler Velocity System for Variable Beam Focusing - Disclosed is a laser doppler velocity system that can easily change a focal length of laser beam, in order to measure the velocity of fluid. As the fluid lens is used in order to focus the laser beam, the lens aperture is rapidly and accurately changed at a low power to easily measure the flow-velocity and shear stress of the boundary layer of the structure within the flow field. As the optical array including the fluid lens is integrated using a diode laser as a laser light source, the laser doppler velocity system can be made in small-size. Also, as the laser doppler velocity system is inserted into the surface of the structure, it can be used as a surface flow field measurement sensor.09-24-2009
20090237642VELOCIMETER - A velocimeter is disclosed that includes a plurality of photodetectors detecting scattered light in different directions, the light being emitted from a laser source and reflected on a moving object. The velocimeter includes an analog-to-digital conversion unit converting detection signals of the photodetectors, a velocity calculator calculating velocities of the moving object, an amplitude calculator calculating the amplitudes of the detection signals, a dropout detector detecting dropouts of the detection signals, a time keeper keeping detection times of the dropouts, a switching-time calculator calculating signal switching times, a storage memory storing the velocities, the amplitudes, and the signal switching times, and an output selector selecting one of the velocities stored in the storage memory based on the amplitudes and the signal switching times and outputting the selected velocity.09-24-2009
20090237641SPIN MEASUREMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS - A method and apparatus for measuring or determining spin characteristics of a moving object such as a golf ball (09-24-2009
20130162975FAN ROTATION SPEED DETECTION SYSTEM - A fan rotation speed detection system includes a sampling and modulating unit, a lighting unit, a light sensing unit, a demodulating unit, and a control chip. The sampling and modulating unit generates a sampling frequency signal. The sampling frequency signal is a square wave signal. The lighting unit emits light on fan blades of a fan when the square wave signal is at a high level. The light sensing unit senses light reflected from the fan blades and generate a detection signal. The demodulating unit demodulates the detection signal to generate a demodulated signal when the square wave signal is at a high level. The control chip accounts a rotation speed of the fan according to the demodulated signal.06-27-2013
20120236291DIFFERENTIATION OF FLOW CYTOMETRY PULSES AND APPLICATIONS - A method of analyzing pulses from a flow cytometer in which particles in a fluid pass through an excitation volume of an electromagnetic radiation and interact with the electromagnetic radiation to generate signals in the form of pulses includes generating a time-dependent pulse indicative of the characteristics of one or more particles passing through the excitation volume of the electromagnetic radiation, determining a measurement window by selecting a portion of the pulse with a starting point and an ending point above a predetermined value, and calculating a first derivative of the pulse with respect to time over the measurement window.09-20-2012
20090033911Laser Anemometry with Improved Eye Safety - The invention relates to an optical measurement device intended for determining a relative velocity vector {right arrow over (v)} of a carrier, such as an aircraft, with respect to a reference medium MILREF. The device includes an optical signal system EMIREC, delivering an optical signal Sinc that follows a direction called the line of sight LDV and is concentrated in a focusing zone ZOF, and means for displacing the focusing zone ZOF in the reference medium MILREF. According to the invention, the means for displacing the focusing zone ZOF act on the orientation of the line of sight LDV, subjecting it to a known movement, with a nonzero speed, a processing unit UTR determines the vector {right arrow over (v)} in at least one “search” phase based on an identification with an expected waveform of the variation in frequency of an electrical signal as a function of the orientation of the line of sight LDV in order to determine an approximate value of {right arrow over (v)}, followed by a “tracking” phase based on an iterative validation of values of {right arrow over (v)} close to the approximate value of {right arrow over (v)}.02-05-2009
20100201967Device of detecting light reflecting speed and direction, and method thereof - A device of detecting light reflecting speed and directions includes a light source, a light-guided pulley, a reflector, photo detectors, barriers, a processor and a display unit. The light source generates incident light, the light-guided pulley is located at one side of the light source, and includes a support moving along the pulley track. The reflector is installed on the support to reflect the incident light. The photo detectors detect the incident light reflected by the reflector. The barriers are located at two sides of the light source and make the incident light to be a light beam and travel in straight line direction. The barriers are respectively installed between said photo detectors to isolate the incident light. The processor receives the light signals transmitted from photo detectors and processes the light reflecting speed and directions according to the light signals. The processed result is displayed on the display unit.08-12-2010
20110285983METHOD FOR THE OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITIES AND A SENSOR FOR THE OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITIES - A method for measuring a velocity of an object surface relative to a sensor having a plurality of light-sensitive elements arranged spaced apart from one another. Each light-sensitive element produces an element signal indicative of detected brightness. The method includes receiving element signals at intervals of time, producing a frequency signal according to a spatial frequency filter method, producing a correlation signal according to an image processing method, and monitoring the produced frequency signal regarding at least one of a frequency value and at least one quality feature of the frequency signal. The method also includes selecting a produced signal for determining the velocity of the object surface relative to the sensor, and selecting the correlation signal in the event that at least one of the frequency signal lies below a threshold frequency value and the frequency signal fails to achieve a threshold quality feature value.11-24-2011
20100033707DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL FLOW MEASUREMENT - A method for repairing turbine blades by replacing at least a part of the blade profile, the method having: a) manufacture of a replacement blade part; b) separation of the damaged area with a standardized cutting plane, leaving behind a remaining blade; c) matching of the replacement blade part to the actual geometry of the remaining blade; d) connecting or joining of the replacement blade part to the remaining blade by soldering of at least one web and welding of an outer contour.02-11-2010
20090190121Obtaining Information From Time Variation of Sensing Results - Sensing results from moving objects, e.g. from photosensing emanating light or from impedance-based sensing, can indicate sensed time-varying waveforms with information about objects. For example, a sensed time-varying waveform can be compared with another waveform, such as a reference waveform produced by objects of a certain type, to obtain comparison results indicating motion-independent information about the object; time-scaling can adjust for displacement rate such as speed. Also, a modulation periodicity value can be obtained from a sensed time-varying waveform and used in obtaining information about an object; for example, a periodic modulation frequency can be used with a given time's chirp frequency to obtain phase information about an object's position. Or, where periodic modulation frequency indicates displacement rate, time scaling during comparison can use a scaling factor based on the frequency. Objects can move fluidically as in flow cytometry or through scanning movement, as in document scanning.07-30-2009
20110170087SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSITIONING FROM A MISSILE WARNING SYSTEM TO A FINE TRACKING SYSTEM IN A DIRECTIONAL INFRARED COUNTERMEASURES SYSTEM - A method for transitioning a target from a missile warning system to a fine tracking system in a directional countermeasures system includes capturing at least one image within a field of view of the missile warning system. The method further includes identifying a threat from the captured image or images and identifying features surrounding the threat. These features are registered with the threat and image within a field of view of the fine tracking system is captured. The registered features are used to identify a location of a threat within this captured image.07-14-2011
20090168046Feature detecting vision sensor - A visual sensor for generating an array of binarized feature signals based on a visual field is provided. The visual sensor comprises an array of photoreceptor circuits capable of generating photoreceptor signals based on the visual field, an array of feature detectors capable of generating feature signals based on the photoreceptor signals, and a reconfigurable binary generator array capable of generating binarized feature signals based on the feature signals.07-02-2009
20110199603METHOD FOR OBSERVING FLUID AND FLUID FLOW OBSERVATION - A fluid observation apparatus 08-18-2011
20090002681Optical encoder, method for preparing the optical encoder, and moving speed controlling device and apparatus using the optical encoder - An optical encoder including a sensor module including a light emitting member, a light receiving member opposite to the light emitting member to receive the emitted light, and at least one boss extending in a first direction; a shade member located between the light emitting member and the light receiving member and having a shading pattern; a first support supporting the sensor module and including at least one recessed portion engaged with the boss, and a groove connected with the recessed portion and extending in a second direction, wherein the sensor module is attached to the first support by being moved in the second direction while the boss is guided by the groove, and wherein the recessed portion has a depth greater than the height of the boss, and a portion of the groove adjacent to the recessed portion has a depth less than the height of the boss.01-01-2009
20090168047FLOW VELOCITY DETECTOR AND INK-JET PRINTER - A flow velocity detector for detecting a flow velocity of a fluid flowing through a flow passage is provided, the flow velocity detector including a flow passage-forming section which defines the flow passage; a stress light-emitting section which is arranged at the flow passage-forming section to receive a stress having a magnitude depending on the flow velocity of the fluid and which emits a light of which amount corresponds to a change of the received stress; and a light-receiving sensor which receives the light emitted by the stress light-emitting section. The flow velocity of the fluid is detected based on an amount of the light received by the light-receiving sensor to generate a detection signal. Accordingly, the structure is simple and small-sized, and the flow velocity of the fluid can be detected at low cost.07-02-2009
20100128250Line of sight wind speed detection system - The invention is a line of sight wind detection system that has a laser with an output that is directed at a target. The system also has a receiver with a Hartmann aperture array receiving a reflected beam impinging on the Hartmann aperture array. A multiple pixel sensor senses a number of spots of light from the Hartmann aperture array. An analyzer receives an output from the multiple pixel sensor and determines an effective wind speed along a line of sight using a position of the spots. The system takes advantage of the fact that the wind along the line of sight will result in a shift in the angle of the wave front of the reflected beam. This shift in the angle of the wave front contains all the information of the cumulative effect on a projectile fired at the target.05-27-2010
20110205524Methods of Analyzing Samples Using Broadband Laser Light - Broadband light, for example, from a Fabry-Perot quantum cascade laser, is shone onto a sample, and spectral data concerning the broadband light reflected from the sample is collected. The spectral data is analyzed to determine information about one or more substances in the sample. For example, if the sample contains micro-organisms, such as bacteria or fungus, the biological classification(s) (e.g., species) of the micro-organisms can be determined from the spectral data. As another example, if the sample contains virus, the biological classification(s) (e.g., species) of the virus(es) can be determined from the spectral data. As yet another example, if the sample contains particles, size, location and velocity can be determined from the spectral data.08-25-2011
20090051896Optical Air Data Systems And Methods - Systems and methods for sensing air outside a moving aircraft are presented. In one embodiment, a system includes a laser for generating laser energy. The system also includes one or more transceivers for projecting the laser energy as laser radiation to the air. Subsequently, each transceiver receives laser energy as it is backscattered from the air. A computer processes signals from the transceivers to distinguish molecular scattered laser radiation from aerosol scattered laser radiation and determines one or more air parameters based on the scattered laser radiation. Such air parameters may include air speed, air pressure, air temperature and aircraft orientation angle, such as yaw, angle of attack and sideslip.02-26-2009
20090086190LIQUID DROPLET MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND LIQUID DROPLET MEASUREMENT METHOD - A liquid droplet measurement apparatus has: a first laser light source emitting a laser light; a first optical device which makes, in terms of a beam cross-section of the laser light, a beam width in a direction perpendicular to a direction of ejection of a liquid droplet, greater than a beam width in the direction of ejection of the liquid droplet, and makes light intensity of the laser light fall within a prescribed range within a range where variation in a position of the liquid droplet occurs in the direction perpendicular to the direction of ejection of the liquid droplet, at a position where the laser light from the first laser light source is irradiated onto the liquid droplet ejected; a first light receiving device which receives the laser light that has been irradiated onto the liquid droplet by the first optical device and generates a determination signal; and a first liquid droplet characteristics calculation device which calculates at least one of a volume of the liquid droplet and a velocity of the liquid droplet, from the determination signal generated by the first light receiving device.04-02-2009
20090213359OPTICAL DEVICE FOR MEASURING MOVING SPEED OF AN OBJECT RELATIVE TO A SURFACE - The invention relates to sensors of the speed of movement of a vehicle over the ground. The sensor comprises illumination means for illuminating the surface and at least one optical sensor able to detect the radiation returned by the surface. The illumination means and the optical sensor have one and the same optical axis, oblique in relation to the surface. This arrangement eliminates the risks of specular reflection dazzling the sensor while avoiding disturbance of the measurement by variations in the height of the sensor relative to the ground.08-27-2009
20100014066WINDS ALOFT PROFILING SYSTEM - An airborne wind profiler for an aloft aircraft includes a system bus for receiving a GPS signal including a time and position solution and an attitude signal representing heading, roll, pitch, and yaw of the aircraft. An optical module includes at least one laser Doppler velocimer including an mount allowing the at least one laser Doppler velocimeter to articulate in at least two axes, thereby to orient the laser Doppler velocimeter below a horizon to generate at least one first velocimeter signal. The velocimeter signal includes at least one first radial velocity of a first wind-borne aerosol and a first orientation of the at least one laser Doppler velocimeter relative to the aircraft. A processor module receives the first velocimer signal at the time from at least one laser Doppler velocimeter.01-21-2010
20100157283LASER SLOPE ADJUSTMENT - Tools and techniques for estimating elevations, including without limitation tools and techniques that employ mobile stations with laser detectors for receiving a beam emitted from a laser source and estimating an elevation of the mobile station based on the received beam. In some instances, a mobile station may be configured to identify, based on some or all of a variety of factors, a situation in which the elevation of the detector is likely to change to the extent that the slope of the emitter needs to be adjusted to account for this change in elevation. The mobile station may also be configured to inform the laser source that the slope of the emitted beam should be adjusted. In response, the laser source may adjust the slope of the emitted beam accordingly.06-24-2010
20090079960INTEGRATED STILL IMAGE, MOTION VIDEO AND SPEED MEASUREMENT SYSTEM - Devices capable of capturing still and motion imagery are integrated with an accurate distance and speed measuring apparatus. By measuring the changing distance of the target over that time, a target's speed can be determined. At substantially the same time as the target's speed is determined, imagery of the target is captured in both a still and moving format. Using a queuing mechanism for both distance and imagery data along with time stamps associated with each, a target's image, both in motion and still, can be integrated with its speed. In situations in which a still image is unavailable, a target's speed can be associated with a portion of a continuous stream of motion imagery to a point where a positive identification can be captured with a still image.03-26-2009
20100253932COMPUTATION OF WIND VELOCITY - A system for computation of wind velocity including a laser adapted to transmit a beam to a target, a collecting lens for receiving a beam returning from the target, and receiver optics comprising a multi-element detector array at a focal plane of the collecting lens, wherein for each element of the multi-element detector array there is a specific optical path in the atmosphere leading from the laser to the target and back from the target to the element; and processor apparatus operative to measure signal fluctuations of an element of the multi-element detector array, and compute therefrom crosswind velocity of wind in the atmosphere, wherein said processor apparatus is operative to calculate turbulence strength changes and wind profiles.10-07-2010
20090310118Method And Lidar System For Measuring Air Turbulences On Board Aircraft And For Airports And Wind Farms - The invention relates to a method for measuring air turbulences with a lidar system, particularly on board aircraft during which a pulsed expanded laser beam (12-17-2009
20090040504Apparatus for Detecting Speed Of Movable Body And Drive Stage Using The Same - A movable-body-speed-detecting apparatus includes a movable body capable of moving linearly and/or circularly, a plate fixed to the movable body, the plate having a predetermined length in a direction in which the movable body moves, and light emission/reception means arranged such that light output from a light-emitting element enters a light-receiving element. The plate has a window section that passes between the light-emitting element and the light-receiving element in accordance with movement of the movable body and that blocks or allows passage of light to the light-receiving element. The apparatus further comprises speed calculation means for calculating the speed of the movable body by converting the amount of light received by the light-receiving element into a signal and measuring the signal.02-12-2009
20130141711NON-CONTACT, OPTICAL SENSOR FOR SYNCHRONIZING TO FREE ROTATING SAMPLE PLATENS WITH ASYMMETRY - A method and apparatus for determining the synchronicity of a rotary platen (06-06-2013
20110026008Lidar Measurement Device with Target Tracking and Method for Use of Same - A Lidar measurement device for vehicular traffic surveillance and method for use of same are disclosed. In one embodiment, video circuitry acquires video of a field of view having a target therein. A steerable laser progressively scans the field of view to identify targets. The steerable laser then progressively, repeatedly scans a sub-field of the field of view containing the target. A processing circuit portion determines target data of the target based upon range and time measurements associated with reflected laser range-finding signals from the scans of the sub-field. The processing circuit then integrates the target data into the video such that the video may displayed with an image of the target and target data, such as a speed measurement, associated therewith.02-03-2011
20110037970Laser Doppler Velocimeter - A laser Doppler velocimeter is formed using a fiber laser as the lasing medium. Within the velocimeter, all optical signals, transmitted and received, are conveyed by optical fibers. An amplifier amplifies a source laser, which is then transmitted to one or more transceivers. The one or more transceivers, each projecting along a different axis, and each with a single optical fiber input/output interface act as both the transmission device to focus the radiation at a target region, and as the receiving system for collecting reflected radiation. The transceivers each include an amplifier to further amplify the radiation received from the laser source. The one or more transceivers transmit radiation simultaneously to the target region, and may be located remotely from the laser source. The portion of the reflected radiation collected by the receiving system is analyzed to determine the Doppler shift caused by targets at the focal point of the one or more transceivers.02-17-2011
20110116073METHOD FOR OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITIES ACCORDING TO THE SPATIAL FREQUENCY FILTERING METHOD AND SENSOR FOR OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF VELOCITIES - The invention relates to a method for measuring a relative velocity between an object surface (O) and a sensor (05-19-2011
20090219506HETERODYNE LASER DOPPLER PROBE AND MEASUREMENT SYSTEM USING THE SAME - There is provided a heterodyne laser Doppler probe capable of realizing the compatibility between its photoexcitation efficiency and speed measurement efficiency, and a measurement system using the same is also disclosed. The heterodyne laser Doppler probe introduces excitation light for photoexcitation from a first optical path (09-03-2009
20100039638SELF-CONTAINED UNDERWATER VELOCIMETRY APPARATUS - A velocimetry apparatus and method for the collection of target-specific images of fluid motions are disclosed. The apparatus includes a camera and a light source. The camera collects and provides images of the fluid showing instantaneous positions of particles in the fluid. The light source provides a light sheet (two-dimensional) or volume (three-dimensional) to illuminate the particles. The camera and the light source are powered by portable energy sources and measure instantaenous velocity of the fluid in a field of view. Shape and distance between first camera, the light source and the portable energy sources are so configured that the apparatus is a self-contained apparatus portable by a diver during operation thereof.02-18-2010
20110043785Multifunction Aircraft Lidar - A multifunction light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system for aircraft or other applications may use autodyne techniques. An autodyne system can use a single laser source and a single detector. The autodyne technique can mix two signal beams to produce a “beat note” at the frequency difference between the beams. Autodyne detection can leverage photon counting to support significantly reduced system complexity. Reduced complexity may provide solutions with significantly reduced power consumption, lighter weight, smaller volume, and lower cost. The multifunction LIDAR system can detect and identify regions of weather hazards such as lightning storms, aircraft wake vortex, clear air turbulence, and wind shear. The multifunction LIDAR system may also be configured to measure aircraft air and ground speed in multiple dimensions as well as aircraft altitude.02-24-2011
20100277714COHERENT LIDAR SYSTEM BASED ON A SEMICONDUCTOR LASER AND AMPLIFIER - The present invention relates to a compact, reliable and low-cost coherent LIDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) system for remote wind-speed determination, determination of particle concentration, and/or temperature based on an all semiconductor light source and related methods. The present invention provides a coherent LIDAR system comprising a semiconductor laser for emission of a measurement beam of electromagnetic radiation directed towards a measurement volume for illumination of particles in the measurement volume, a reference beam generator for generation of a reference beam, a detector for generation of a detector signal by mixing of the reference beam with light emitted from the particles in the measurement volume illuminated by the measurement beam, and a signal processor for generating a velocity signal corresponding to the velocity of the particles based on the detector signal.11-04-2010
20080204704Monitoring System And Method For Determining The Speed And/Or Angle Of Motion Of An Object - A monitoring system and associated method are provided to determine various parameters, such as the speed and/or angle of motion, of an object. The monitoring system includes a phototransmitter for illuminating the space through which the object will pass. The monitoring system also includes a plurality of photoreceivers spaced apart from one another with each photoreceiver including a plurality of receiver elements. The monitoring system further includes a controller to analyze output signals provided by the receiver elements and to detect the object in relation to a respective photoreceiver based upon differences between the output signals provided by the receiver elements of the respective photoreceiver. The controller is also configured to determine a parameter associated with the flight of the object, such as the speed and/or angle of motion of the object, based upon detection of the object in relation to each of a plurality of the photoreceivers.08-28-2008
20110188029DIRECT DETECTION DOPPLER LIDAR METHOD AND DIRECTION DETECTION DOPPLER LIDAR DEVICE - The invention relates to a method for Doppler light detection and ranging (LIDAR) measurement of speeds. A laser beam is directed at the medium to be measured, and radiation which is then emitted by the medium is measured by a detector. In order to allow better control of the dynamic range of a direct reception Doppler LIDAR apparatus, a multiplicity of laser pulses can be transmitted per measurement, and a multiplicity of laser pulses can be received by the detector per measurement. A direct reception Doppler LIDAR apparatus can be suitable for carrying out the method.08-04-2011
20110149269METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE SPEED OF A MOVABLE MEMBER RELATIVE A FIXED MEMBER - A method and device for measuring relative speed of two members such as an automobile door and adjacent body structure with two laser sources spaced apart at a known spacing to successively illuminate a series of spots extending across an adjacent surface of the other member with the distance to each spot determined by sensors using laser triangulation. The time elapsed in generating the respective sets of signals is determined and the relative speed computed therefrom and displayed.06-23-2011
20100045968Method for non-contact measurement of the velocity and/or the length of an extrudate moved in the longitudinal direction, of a cable in particular - A method for non-contact measurement of the velocity and/or the length of an extrudate moved forward in the longitudinal direction, in particular of a cable during the production.02-25-2010
20110063602DIFFERENTIATION OF FLOW CYTOMETRY PULSES AND APPLICATIONS - A method of analyzing pulses from a flow cytometer in which particles in a fluid pass through an excitation volume of an electromagnetic radiation and interact with the electromagnetic radiation to generate signals in the form of pulses includes generating a time-dependent pulse indicative of the characteristics of one or more particles passing through the excitation volume of the electromagnetic radiation, determining a measurement window by selecting a portion of the pulse with a starting point and an ending point above a predetermined value, and calculating a first derivative of the pulse with respect to time over the measurement window.03-17-2011
20120044477LASER DIODE BASED MULTIPLE-BEAM LASER SPOT IMAGING SYSTEM FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF VEHICLE DYNAMICS - The invention is related to a laser diode based multiple beam laser spot imaging system for characterization of vehicle dynamics. A laser diode based, preferably VCSEL based laser imaging system is utilized to characterize the vehicle dynamics. One or more laser beams are directed to the road surface. A compact imaging system including an imaging matrix sensor such as a CCD or CMOS camera measures locations or separations of individual laser spots. Loading status of vehicles and vehicles' pitch and roll angle can be characterized by analyzing the change of laser spot locations or separations.02-23-2012
20120206712Laser Wind Velocimeter With Multiple Radiation Sources - A system and method for measuring wind velocities are provided. A laser wind velocimeter with a radiation source includes a fiber laser. All optical signals, transmitted and received, are conveyed by optical fibers. An amplifier amplifies a source laser, which is then transmitted to one or more transceivers. The one or more transceivers, each projecting along a different axis, and each with a single optical fiber input/output interface act as both the transmission device to focus the radiation at a target region, and as the receiving system for collecting reflected radiation. The one or more transceivers transmit radiation to the target region. A portion of the reflected radiation collected by the receiving system is analyzed to determine the Doppler shift, which can me used to measure wind velocity08-16-2012
20110026007Lidar Measurement Device for Vehicular Traffic Surveillance and Method for Use of Same - A Lidar measurement device for vehicular traffic surveillance and method for use of same are disclosed. In one embodiment, video circuitry acquires video of a field of view having a target therein. A steerable laser progressively transmits laser range-finding signals to the field of view in a horizontal and vertical step-wise manner and receives reflected laser range-finding signals from the target. A processing circuit portion determines target data of the target based upon range and time measurements associated with the reflected laser range-finding signals. The processing circuit then integrates the target data into the video such that the video may displayed with an image of the target and speed measurement associated therewith.02-03-2011
20120154788Lidar Management Device with Target Tracking and Method for Use of Same - A Lidar measurement device for vehicular traffic surveillance and method for use of same are disclosed. In one embodiment, video circuitry acquires video of a field of view having a target therein. A steerable laser progressively scans the field of view to identify targets. The steerable laser then progressively, repeatedly scans a sub-field of the field of view containing the target. A processing circuit portion determines target data of the target based upon range and time measurements associated with reflected laser range-finding signals from the scans of the sub-field. The processing circuit then integrates the target data into the video such that the video may displayed with an image of the target and target data, such as a speed measurement, associated therewith.06-21-2012
20120300192VELOCITY SURVEY WITH POWDERIZER AND AGENT FLOW INDICATOR - Disclosed is a measurement system for a dry powder agent including a nozzle to direct the dry powder agent, and an indicator operable to recognize a dry powder agent discharge event. In an exemplary method, a velocity of the powder exiting the nozzle may be computed, and an agent concentration calibration curve may be selected.11-29-2012
20110181865DISPLACEMENT MEASURING APPARATUS AND VELOCITY MEASURING APPARATUS WHICH MEASURE DISPLACEMENT AMOUNT OF MOVING OBJECT - A displacement measuring apparatus 07-28-2011
20110181864LIDAR METHOD FOR MEASURING SPEEDS AND LIDAR DEVICE WITH TIME-CONTROLLED DETECTION - The invention relates to a method for light detecting and ranging (LIDAR) measurement of speeds, in which a laser beam is directed at the medium to be measured, and radiation which is subsequently emitted from the medium (07-28-2011
20110181863Single-Particle LIDAR Anemometry Method and System - The present invention concerns a single-particle LIDAR anemometry method and system comprising the continuous emission of one or more light beams through a gas containing particles, said beam being focused onto a measurement volume, a step of detecting a signal backscattered by particles passing through said volume, the method being characterized in that it comprises at least the following phases: 07-28-2011
20120133921APPLICATION USING A SINGLE PHOTON AVALANCHE DIODE (SPAD) - A sporting device may include a proximity detector, and a housing for carrying the proximity detector. The proximity detector may comprise a single photon avalanche diode for measuring the speed of an object struck by the housing. For example, the housing may define a tennis racket.05-31-2012
20090323048OPTICAL TRANSIT TIME VELOCIMETER - An L2F velocimeter comprises a probe for insertion into a fluid, the probe having an open area therein to allow the fluid to pass through. The probe comprises an illumination system to direct a pair of light beams, separated by a distance, through the open area, and a collection system to collect forward scattered light scattered from particles in the fluid. The collection system has an optical axis in common with the illumination system. The velocimeter further comprises an electro optical assembly connected to the probe to provide light to the illumination system, to receive light collected from the collection system, to measure a lapse time in fluctuations of the forward scattered light created by particles passing through the pair of light beams and to calculate the velocity of the fluid based on the lapse time and the separation distance.12-31-2009
20120188531Measuring Device for Characterizing Two-Phase Flows - The invention relates to a device (07-26-2012
20120229792WIND TURBINE BLADE PROVIDED WITH OPTICAL WIND VELOCITY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM - A wind turbine includes a number of blades and an optical measurement system comprising a light source, such as a laser, an optical transmitter part, an optical receiver part, and a signal processor. The light source is optically coupled to the optical transmitter part, which includes an emission point for emitting light in a probing direction. The optical receiver part comprises a receiving point and a detector. The optical receiver part is adapted for receiving a reflected part of light from a probing region along the probing direction and directing the reflected part of light to the detector to generate a signal used to determine a first velocity component of the inflow. The emission point is located in a first blade at a first radial distance from a center axis, and the receiving point is located in the first blade at a second radial distance from the center axis.09-13-2012
20080297763SINGLE AXIS SCANNING PIV SYSTEM AND METHOD - A single axis scanning PIV system, comprising a laser for generating a laser beam, optics for scanning the laser beam through particles in motion, an optical imager for capturing, images of the particles due to interaction between the laser beam and the particles, and a processor for implementing an algorithm that determines velocity information of the particles based on the images.12-04-2008
20110216306METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE FLOW OF A FLUID CLOSE TO A SURFACE OF AN OBJECT IMMERSED IN THE FLUID - The invention relates to a Method for determining the flow of a fluid close to a surface of an object immersed in the fluid by analyzing at least one confocal measurement volume in the fluid, comprising the steps of: focusing light into the at least one confocal volume within the fluid; detecting and determining of at least one optical parameter of at least one particle comprised in the confocal volume; and determining the flow velocity of the fluid based on the determination of the at least one optical parameter using a correlation function, in particular an auto correlation function or a cross correlation function. Furthermore, the invention relates to an object immersed in a fluid and comprising a measuring device for carrying out the method.09-08-2011
20130016335OPTICAL SPACE-TIME CODING TECHNIQUE IN MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES - Techniques, devices and systems are disclosed for characterizing particles in a fluid sample by optical space-time coding. In one aspect, a microfluidic device for optical detection of particles includes a substrate, a microfluidic channel formed on the substrate and structured to carry a fluid sample containing particles, in which the microfluidic channel is structured to transmit a probe light, and a mask formed on one side of the microfluidic channel and structured to include a pattern of openings along the microfluidic channel, in which at least two of the openings have varying dimensions across the microfluidic channel, and in which the pattern of openings encodes a waveform on the probe light that transmits through the microfluidic channel to allow optical detection of a position of a particle in the microfluidic channel.01-17-2013
20080225264Fiber Optic Flow Sensing Device and Method - The invention provides an optical flow meter for measuring fluid flow through a pipe which obviates the need for the flow to be seeded with foreign particles. The meter comprises a fiber optic Sagnac interferometer with optical path crossing the flowing fluid. The interferometer measures velocity of the fluid by measuring the phase difference between the two beams propagating in the optical path in opposite directions. Light, which is deflected by the fluid, is collected by optical means at both sides of the optical path for calculation, the scintillating statistics and compensation for light intensity.09-18-2008
20130114066SYSTEM AND METHOD OF IN SITU WIND TURBINE BLADE MONITORING - Systems and methods are disclosed for monitoring parameters such as the material properties or structural integrity of a wind turbine blade on a wind turbine. An example method comprises detecting light reflected from a wind turbine blade, generating a value based on the detecting, comparing the value to a threshold value and determining a parameter of the wind turbine blade based on the comparing. A further embodiment comprises determining a wind velocity by detecting reflected light from a target area in front of the wind turbine blade. An example system comprises a detector configured to detect light reflecting from a turbine blade and to produce a value representative of the detected light. The system also comprises a comparator configured to compare the value to a threshold value and to determine a parameter of the turbine blade.05-09-2013
20130094012METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING THE FLOW VELOCITY BY MEANS OF A PLASMA - A method and device for measuring the flow speed of a fluid, in one example, of air, is provided. The method and device include the use of laser radiation, in which, by means of at least one laser beam pulse focused in the fluid flow in the radiation focus a plasma is formed, and the acoustic and/or optical effects occurring during plasma formation are acquired, and from them the flow speed of the fluid is determined04-18-2013
20110273700SOUND-CREATION INTERFACE - A sound-creation interface is used to create a sound-creation instrument such as a musical instrument. The musical instrument includes a mechanical-human interface such as a set of keys, strings or breathing pipe for user actuation and control of the system, a mechanical-electrical interface receiving inputs from the mechanical-human interface and for converting those inputs to a machine comprehensible signal and an electrical/processor interface receiving signals from the mechanical electrical interface and converting those signals into a processor comprehensible form. A processor receives processor comprehensible signals from the electrical-processor interface and includes a processor component and a memory component. The system allows simplified interaction between the user using the mechanical interface and the processor providing an improved sound-creation interface.11-10-2011
20080198357Optical navigation device and method thereof - An optical navigation device and a method thereof, wherein the optical navigation device comprises a pair of linear sensor arrays which are arranged non-parallel to each other for detecting light signal. Furthermore, an algorithm including correlation and vector analysis is processed by a computation unit to determine velocity and displacement according to present and previous light signal data sequences. Hence, the linear sensor arrays adopted to be the approach of navigation device can achieve the goal of reducing the computing data, increasing operation speed effectively and reducing hardware cost because of its fewer optically sensitive elements.08-21-2008
20120274922LIDAR METHODS AND APPARATUS - A system for detecting the trajectory of a projectile includes at least one pulsed laser transmitter configured to transmit pulsed laser light beams over a three dimensional area. At least one sensor is configured to sense the pulsed laser light beams reflected off of the projectile. A microprocessor is coupled to the laser transmitter and laser sensor to calculate a first position of the projectile at a first time based upon the first pulsed laser light beam reflected off the projectile and sensed by the laser sensor. A microprocessor calculates a second position of the projectile at a second time based upon a second pulsed laser light beam reflected off the projectile and sensed by a laser sensor. A microprocessor calculates the trajectory of the projectile based upon the first projectile position and the second projectile position and the time differences between these positions.11-01-2012
20120069323DISPLACEMENT MEASURING APPARATUS - A displacement measuring apparatus including: a first light detector including a first emitter illuminating optically identifiable marks disposed on a moving body, and a first light receiver detecting light through the marks; a second light detector including a second emitter illuminating the marks and a second light receiver detecting light through the marks, wherein the second light detector is arranged at a predetermined interval from the first light detector in a moving direction of the moving body; an identical point detecting unit detecting a first timing at which the first and second light detector detecting an identical mark among the marks, and a second timing; a velocity calculating unit calculating a velocity of the moving body by using the first and second timing determined by the identical point detecting unit; and a time-sharing light emitting unit allowing the first and second emitter to emit the light in a time-sharing manner.03-22-2012

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