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Of pulse transit time

Subclass of:

356 - Optics: measuring and testing

356003000 - RANGE OR REMOTE DISTANCE FINDING

356400010 - With photodetection

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
356500030 Having one or more return pulse gates or windows 9
356500050 Having pulse transmission trigger significance 5
20090066931Distance measurement method, medium, and apparatus for measuring distance between the distance measurement apparatus and target object - A distance measurement method, medium, and apparatus for measuring a distance between the distance measurement apparatus and a target object are provided. The distance measurement method comprises counting pulses of a clock pulse signal having a low frequency during a period from when an optical pulse signal is applied to a target object by a distance measurement apparatus to when the optical pulse signal reflected from the target object is received by the distance measurement apparatus, counting pulses of the clock pulse signal during a period from when the optical pulse signal is received by the distance measurement apparatus to when the received optical pulse signal and the clock pulse signal correspond to each other, and calculating a distance between the distance measurement apparatus and the target object using the counting results. Accordingly, the distance can be measured with high accuracy using the optical pulse signal and the clock pulse signal, thereby reducing costs and power consumption.03-12-2009
20090128799MATERIAL MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR OBTAINING COINCIDENT PROPERTIES AND RELATED METHOD - A material measurement system (05-21-2009
20090122296Time Difference Measuring Device, Measuring Method, Distance Measuring Device, and Distance Measuring Method - A time difference measuring device can accurately measure a time difference between two pulse signals generated with a predetermined time difference by measuring the two pulse signals by one measurement. The time difference measuring device measures a time difference between a start signal (M05-14-2009
20110051121TELESCOPE WITH A WIDE FIELD OF VIEW INTERNAL OPTICAL SCANNER - A telescope with internal scanner utilizing either a single optical wedge scanner or a dual optical wedge scanner and a controller arranged to control a synchronous rotation of the first and/or second optical wedges, the wedges constructed and arranged to scan light redirected by topological surfaces and/or volumetric scatterers. The telescope with internal scanner further incorporates a first converging optical element that receives the redirected light and transmits the redirected light to the scanner, and a second converging optical element within the light path between the first optical element and the scanner arranged to reduce an area of impact on the scanner of the beam collected by the first optical element.03-03-2011
20100245802Optical Sensor System Including Series Connected Light Emitting Diodes - An optical sensor system having a light source comprising a plurality of series connected light emitting diodes (LEDs). The series connected LEDs may be switched at a predetermined frequency.09-30-2010
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20120162632Real-Time Processing Method and System - An optical range finder includes a light source adapted to produce illumination which impinges on a target. A detector receives a reflection of the illumination from the target, and a range code generator generates from the detected reflection a range code indicative of the range of the target from the range finder for each pulse. A signal processor receive plural range codes over a predetermined interval. A content addressable memory is used to count how many identical range codes are received during the predetermined interval. An identification is then made of the range code with the highest count, and that range code with the highest count is output as indicative of the range of the target from the range finder.06-28-2012
20090195770METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPTOELECTRONIC CONTACTLESS RANGE FINDING USING THE TRANSIT TIME PRINCIPLE - The invention relates to a method for optoelectronic contactless distance or range measurement or finding according to the transit time principle, in which a distance of an object from a sensor unit is determined from a time difference between a starting signal and an echo signal, which is derived from an optical measurement pulse reflected by the object and where for determining the time difference the following steps are performed: a) by comparing the starting signal and echo signal with a digital clock a digital raw value is obtained, b) with the aid of at least two fine interpolators an initial time difference between the starting signal and the beginning of the digital raw value as well as a final time difference between the echo signal and the end of the digital raw value is determined, c) to the fine interpolators are in each case supplied analog signals corresponding to the initial time difference or final time difference, respectively, and converted into a digital initial time difference or digital final time difference, respectively. The method is characterized in that for the automatic calibration of the fine interpolators a plurality of measurements according to steps a) to c) are carried out and, assuming an equal distribution for the probability with which the values in a given value interval for the initial time difference and final time difference are measured, corrections for nonlinearities and/or drifts of the characteristics of the fine interpolators are calculated. The invention also relates to an apparatus for optoelectronic contactless distance or range measurement according to the transit time principle.08-06-2009
20100053595THREE DIMENSIONAL LASER RANGE FINDER SENSOR - A 3D laser range finder sensor is disclosed wherein the sensor comprises: a reflection body for reflecting an emitted light and an incident light; a horizontal rotation body for rotating the reflection body; a vertical moving body for tilting the reflection body; and a body irradiating the emitted light to the reflection body and receiving the incident light through reflection from the reflection body.03-04-2010
20100045964Apparatus and Method for Laser Ranging - The present invention relates to a method for laser ranging with high precision and high efficient, a method for identifying distance mode automatically during laser ranging process, and a laser ranger with high precision, high efficient and low power waste. The accuracy of ranging is increased through multi classes of receiving process; the accuracy of ranging is further increased through the selection of distance mode and the adjustment of receiving sensitivity before the measuring steps are executed; the accuracy of ranging is further increased through executing jitter judgment on obtained distance measured values to discard the distance measured values that do not satisfy the setting conditions and judge whether the number of remaining distance measured values satisfies the setting quantity requirement; and the present invention is also of simple structure, high measurement efficiency, and low power waste.02-25-2010
20090122295Increasing measurement rate in time of flight measurement apparatuses - An apparatus for measuring distance to a surface is disclosed. The apparatus transmits at least one subsequent pulse of light prior to receiving a reflection of a previously sent pulse of light. Thus, multiple pulses of light are in-flight at a given time. The embodiments are applicable to terrain mapping, bathymetry, seismology, detecting faults, biomass measurement, wind speed measurement, temperature calculation, traffic speed measurement, military target identification, surface to air rangefinding, high definition survey, close range photogrammetry, atmospheric composition, meteorology, distance measurement, as well as many other applications. Examples of such apparatuses include laser ranging systems, such as light detection and ranging (LIDAR) systems, and laser scanners. Data received from the apparatus by a data processing unit can be used to create a data model, such as a point cloud, digital surface model or digital terrain model describing the surface, terrain, and/or objects.05-14-2009
20100045965LIDAR SYSTEM USING A PSEUDO-RANDOM PULSE SEQUENCE - A light detection and ranging system includes a transmitter transmitting a transmitted light pulse timing sequence, with pseudo-random timing and including a plurality of light pulses, toward a target. An optical receiver receives a reflected light pulse timing sequence including a plurality of light pulses from the target. An electronic control unit identifies a time delay between the transmitted light pulse timing sequence and the reflected light pulse timing sequence as a function of a correlation between the transmitted and reflected light pulse timing sequences.02-25-2010
20130044310DISTANCE DETECTION METHOD AND SYSTEM - There is provided a system and method for detecting a distance to an object. The method comprises providing a lighting system having at least one pulse width modulated visible-light source for illumination of a field of view; emitting an illumination signal for illuminating the field of view for a duration of time y using the visible-light source at a time t; integrating a reflection energy for a first time period from a time t−x to a time t+x; determining a first integration value for the first time period; integrating the reflection energy for a second time period from a time t+y−x to a time t+y+x; determining a second integration value for the second time period; calculating a difference value between the first integration value and the second integration value; determining a propagation delay value proportional to the difference value; determining the distance to the object from the propagation delay value.02-21-2013
20090086189Clutter Rejection in Active Object Detection Systems - According to a method and apparatus taught herein an active object detection system performs reliable object detection based on light pulse emissions and corresponding and time-of-flight based distance determination, while advantageously rejecting clutter. While not limiting, the method and apparatus taught herein may be particularly advantageous for safety-critical object detection applications, such as where the active object detection system, e.g., a laser scanner, monitors for objects of at least a specified size within a predetermined monitoring radius or contour.04-02-2009
20130208258Distance Measuring Device having Homogenizing Measurement Evaluation - A handheld measuring device for optical distance measurement includes a transmitting device, a receiving device, an evaluation device, and a homogenizing device. The transmitting device is configured to transmit periodically modulated optical measurement radiation toward a target object. The receiving device is configured to detect optical measurement radiation returning from the target object. The evaluation device is configured to receive and evaluate detection signals of the receiving device. The evaluation device comprises a plurality of accumulation devices configured to accumulate detection signals. The evaluation device conducts detection signals during a sampling time window from a plurality of sampling time windows temporally schematically changeably to an assigned accumulation device from the plurality of accumulation devices, such that the accumulation device accumulates the detection signals during the sampling time window.08-15-2013
20120182541APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR OBTAINING MULTI-DIMENSIONAL SPATIAL AND SPECTRAL DATA WITH LIDAR DETECTION - Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) apparatus comprises a laser generator configured to generate an output laser signal toward a target area, at least one detector configured as an array of light sensitive elements, the array including a plurality of rows and columns of the light sensitive elements, and at least one wavelength dispersion element positioned in a return path of a returning laser signal returning from the target area. The at least one wavelength dispersion element is configured to separate wavelengths of the returning laser signal onto the plurality of rows and columns of the array, wherein the plurality of columns of the array are associated with the separated wavelengths that correspond with a position along a row of the array, the position along the row of the array corresponding with a spatial position of the target area along a first axis. Methods for scanning a target area and obtaining spectral and spatial data are disclosed herein.07-19-2012
20090303457Observation device with a distance meter - The invention relates to a binocular observation device, in particular a field glass, with two visual optical paths and with a laser distance meter with a laser transmitter and a laser receiver and with an opto-electronic display element. A part of an optical path of the laser transmitter is integrated in a first visual optical path and a part of an optical path of the laser receiver is also integrated in the first visual optical path.12-10-2009
20090040502SPATIAL INFORMATION DETECTING DEVICE AND PHOTODETECTOR SUITABLE THEREFOR - A spatial information detecting device is provided, which is capable of reducing the possibility that a saturation phenomenon is caused by the influence of an environmental light. This device includes a photoelectric converting portion for receiving a signal light from a target space to generate electric charges, a charge separating portion for separating electric charges corresponding to a constant amount of a bias component as undesired electric charges from the electric charges generated by the photoelectric converting portion, a charge accumulating portion for accumulating the remaining electric charges as effective electric charges reflecting a fluctuation component of the signal light, a barrier control electrode for forming a potential barrier between the charge separating portion and the charge accumulating portion, and a charge take-out portion for outputting the effective electric charges as an received-light output. By controlling a voltage applied to the barrier control electrode to change a height of the potential barrier, it is possible to adjust an amount of electric charges flowing from the charge separating portion into the charge accumulating portion over the potential barrier.02-12-2009
20090091737LASER MEASURING DEVICE - A laser measuring device for precisely measuring a short distance is obtained by adding a relatively simple structure to a TOF laser measuring device that is simple and easily handled. The laser measuring device includes a light emitter, a light receiver and an optical length extender, which increases an optical path of emitted light or incident light.04-09-2009
20100123895Optoelectronic sensor - An optoelectronic sensor (05-20-2010
20130057847LASER SPEED GUN OPTICAL SYSTEM - A laser speed gun comprises a laser ray transmitter provided on an optical axis with a laser ray emitting device and with a short distance lens and located at an intermediate location therebetween on said optical axis, a beam splitter allowing laser rays to pass through and reflect visible light toward a CCD camera; a laser ray receiver provided on an optical axis with a laser ray receiving device and with a long distance lens located at an intermediate location between them on said optical axis, a beam splitter allowing laser rays to pass through and reflect visible light from a target toward a CCD camera; and two CCD cameras, one of which is associated with the laser ray transmitter optics and receives reflected light from its beam splitter, and the other which is associated with the laser ray receiver optics and receives reflected light from its beam splitter03-07-2013
20090268193Surveying Instrument and Surveying Method - A surveying instrument and a surveying method for further minimizing a measurement error when the surveying instrument casts a light to a measuring object and receives the reflected light and measures a delay time or a distance. A reference pulse light r and a measurement pulse light o10-29-2009
20120194799PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT, LIGHT RECEIVING DEVICE, LIGHT RECEIVING SYSTEM, AND DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE - A first photoelectric conversion element for detecting light and converting the light into photoelectrons comprises one buried photodiode formed in a semiconductor substrate, and a plurality of MOS diodes each having an electrode formed on the semiconductor substrate with an insulator interposed therebetween. The buried photodiode has a comb shape, in which a plurality of diverging portions are disposed to diverge from one portion, when viewed from the top thereof, and the respective electrodes of the MOS diodes are disposed so as to be nested between the plurality of diverging portions of the buried photodiode when viewed from the tops thereof.08-02-2012
20130162973DISTANCE MEASURING SYSTEM AND DISTANCE MEASURING METHOD - In a distance measuring system, photoelectrons are generated depending on light energy received in a light-receiving period predetermined for the emission timing of pulsed light emitted to a target object and are cumulatively stored, and a distance to the target object is determined according to a time-of-flight process. A solid-state image sensing device cumulatively stores therein photoelectrons generated depending on the light energy received in each of the first and second light-receiving periods. The first light-receiving period is part of a rise period of the reflected light intensity received by the image sensing device, and the second light-receiving period includes a peak of the reflected light intensity and a fall period thereof. An arithmetic processing unit determines the distance to the object using a light energy ratio obtained by dividing information concerning photoelectrons stored in the second light-receiving period by information concerning photoelectrons stored in the first light-receiving period.06-27-2013
20090237640Rapid scan LADAR 3D imaging with compact digital beam formation - A LADAR system for coherently imaging a target within a volume has a modulated laser transmitter at a frequency and a receiver. The receiver has a plurality of lenses, each with its own detector. Each detector is supplied by a centrally located local oscillator tuned to the frequency. The paths from the local oscillator to each detector, as well as the delay within each lens/detector combination are measured during a calibration. A calibrating reflector reflects a test signal during the calibration at many frequencies, temperatures and accelerations. Measurements of paths and delays obtained during the calibration are stored, and used to phase compensate subsequent target reflections for coherent processing.09-24-2009
20090046272SURVEYING INSTRUMENT - To provide a surveying instrument for measuring difference in required time of light or distance to an object to be measured while covering a wide dynamic range without adjusting light amount. A light pulse emanating from a light emitting section 02-19-2009
20120113410LASER SCANNING SENSOR - A laser scanning sensor (05-10-2012
20120113409RANGE FINDER - A laser range finder includes: a light source emitting light from a linear light-emitting portion with making a divergent angle of the light larger in a transversal direction of the light-emitting portion than in a longitudinal direction thereof; an objective lens projecting the light onto a target object and converging reflection light; a partial reflection member disposed between the light source and the objective lens and having a partial reflection surface composed of a transmitting area transmitting light emitted from the light source and receiving areas reflecting reflection light; and a photodetector detecting the reflection light reflected by the receiving areas; wherein the light source and the partial reflection member are disposed with making the longitudinal direction of the light-emitting portion disposed substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the transmitting area as seen along an optical axis.05-10-2012
20090073416Range Finder - A range finder is provided. A light emitting unit emits a light pulse. A light receiving unit senses an incident light pulse. A reflective mirror reflects the light pulse emitted from the light emitting unit to an outside space and reflects the light pulse incident from the outside space to the light receiving unit. An actuator is configured to move the reflective mirror in a first direction rotating about a vertical axis and a second direction rotating about a horizontal axis. A controller controls the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit and driving the actuator. The actuator includes: a rotation motor unit supporting the reflective mirror to be rotated in the second direction and rotating the reflective mirror in the first direction; a bushing hinge-coupled with the reflective mirror to rotate in the first direction together with the reflective mirror and installed movably in a vertical direction; and a vertical driving unit moving the bushing in the vertical direction.03-19-2009
20100195088DISTANCE MEASURING INSTRUMENT AND METHOD - A distance measuring instrument comprises at least one light source; at least one light detector; optics to direct measuring light emitted from the at least one light source towards an object and to direct measuring light received back from the object to the at least one detector; a signal delay module; a first signal analyzer; and a variable gain amplifier.08-05-2010
20080204701HAND-HELD LASER DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE WITH A PULSE REFLECTION MIXING METHOD - A hand-held pulse laser distance measuring device and a pulse reflection mixing method both having an algorithm which controls a microcontroller and which serves to calculate the distance to a measurement object by at least two different time differences τ08-28-2008
20110299060SENSOR APPARATUS COMPRISING A DISTANCE SENSOR - A sensor apparatus comprising a distance sensor comprising a transmitting device having at least one transmitter with a light source, and a receiving device having at least one receiver, and an electronic unit. The electronic unit being designed to emit light by means of the transmitter and to determine a distance which is covered by light emitted by the transmitter from a reflection surface of an object in a monitored area to the respective receiver. According to the invention, light guide means for transmission of light are arranged between the transmitting device and the monitored area and/or between the monitored area and the receiving device. The light guide means reflects the light at least once so that light can pass from the transmitting device to the monitored area and/or from the monitored area to the receiving device on an angled path.12-08-2011
20100201966BACK-ILLUMINATED DISTANCE MEASURING SENSOR AND DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE - Two charge quantities (Q08-12-2010
20120099096LASER-BASED COORDINATE MEASURING DEVICE AND LASER-BASED METHOD FOR MEASURING COORDINATES - A laser based coordinate measuring device measures a position of a remote target. The laser based coordinate measuring device includes a stationary portion, a rotatable portion, and at least a first optical fiber. The stationary portion has at least a first laser radiation source and at least a first optical detector, and the rotatable portion is rotatable with respect to the stationary portion. The first optical fiber system, which optically interconnects the first laser radiation source and the first optical detector with an emission end of the first optical fiber system, has the emission end disposed on the rotatable portion. The emission end emits laser radiation to the remote target and receives laser radiation reflected from the remote target with the emission direction of the laser radiation being controlled according to the rotation of the rotatable portion.04-26-2012
20110299061LASER RANGE FINDING DEVICE AND DISTANCE MEASUREMENT METHOD THEREOF - A distance measurement method for use in a laser range finding device to measure a distance between the laser range finding device and a target is disclosed. The method comprises the following steps. A laser signal is sent to the target in a first time point. A reflected laser signal reflected by the target is then received. A digital signal having a plurality of signal values ranging from 0 to N is obtained by sampling the reflected laser signal with a sampling signal, wherein N is an integer larger than two. A maximum signal value among the signal values is obtained. The distance is calculated according to the first time point and a second time point where the maximum signal value is generated.12-08-2011
20110299059Multi-Level Digital Modulation for Time of Flight Method and System - The modulation scheme disclosed in this invention report allows for utilizing multiple 3D time-of-flight cameras at the same time by exploiting the inherent pseudo noise properties of the optical modulation signals. Compared to recent systems based on pure pseudo noise modulation signals, the stochastic measurement error in a single-camera environment is significantly reduced. The basic concept relies on the generation of a three level optical modulation signal that includes two pseudo noise sequences.12-08-2011
20090201489Monitoring device - The invention refers to a device and a method for monitoring a delimited area in order to detect if an undesired object is present within the area. The invention also refers to a use of the device. A first laser is adapted to emit a laser pulse (B) of a determined wavelength over the area. A first photo sensor is arranged to receive a reflected part of the laser pulse (B). An evaluation unit is connected to the laser and the photo sensor. The evaluation unit is arranged to measure the reflected part of the laser pulse (B) during a predetermined time period after the laser pulse has been emitted from the laser, to generate a signal depending on the measured reflected part and to process the generated signal in order to determine if an undesired object is present within the area.08-13-2009
20110292371Method and Apparatus for a Pulsed Coherent Laser Range Finder - Systems and methods are disclosed for measuring a distance, a velocity, etc., of a target using coherent laser radiation. In one example, a method is provided comprising measuring a time required for a light pulse to travel to and from a target, the light pulse reflecting from the target, and determining the distance to the target based on the measuring. The method also comprises measuring a Doppler shift of the reflected light pulse using an optical detection technique and determining the velocity of the target from the Doppler shift. In a further example, a system is disclosed comprising a transceiver, a coherent source, an optical system and a detector configured to measure the distance to the target based on a measured time for a light pulse to travel to and from the target. The system is also configured to determine the velocity of the target from a measured Doppler shift.12-01-2011
20110292370Method and system to maximize space-time resolution in a Time-of-Flight (TOF) system - Phase-based TOF systems operate with reduced depth error due to motion blur, and/or spatial blur, and/or pixel offset by intelligently determining how best to combine pixel values, and how best to compensate for individual pixel offsets. Such determination(s) may be carried out on a per pixel basis, dynamically, in real-time during TOF operation, or on archived TOF data. Offsets for individual pixels may be dynamically calculated and subtracted from the values acquired by those pixels Individual pixel offsets may be calculated for example by combining data acquired by the same pixel at two acquisitions, 180° out of phase with respect to each other. Calculated offsets may be averaged, or on a per pixel basis, and if target object motion is detected, one or more offset calculations can be discarded rather than averaged to reduce motion blur. Offsets acquired a priori during a TOF system calibration procedure may be used.12-01-2011
20090262330OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASURING METHOD AND CORRESPONDING OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASUREMENT DEVICE - In order to derive a distance to a target object, in the detection of lower and upper dynamic ranges different detection methods are used simultaneously for the same light signal (10-22-2009
20110205522CHARGE EQUALIZING CLOCK DRIVER AND OTHER ENHANCEMENTS FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT DEPTH SENSING AND OTHER SYSTEMS - A clock driver outputs first and second preferably complementary clock signals coupled to substantially equal capacitive loads. Before each clock state change, the clock driver briefly shorts-together the first and second clock signals, to equalize change on capacitive loads, which each assume a potential midway between high and low power supply levels. Charge from the logic high clock signal can thus be used to raise logic low level clock line, and vice versa, rather than draw power supply current. Substantial energy savings on the order of C·V08-25-2011
20100265490RANGE BINOCULARS - This invention provides range binoculars capable of measuring a distance between the observation place and an object, the binoculars being made small-sized with keeping the functions as binoculars. The range binoculars includes first and second optical systems, each with an eyepiece optical member, an objective lens optical member, and an erecting prism consisting of a first prism and a second prism, wherein the first optical system has a first optical axis parallel with a second optical axis of the second optical system; first and second beam splitters, each with a beam-splitting face, wherein the first beam splitter is disposed between the first prism and the second prism of the first optical system, and the second beam splitter is disposed between the first prism and the second prism of the second optical system; an emitter for emitting a laser beam toward an object via the first beam splitter; a photodetector for receiving the laser beam which was emitted by the emitter, reflected by the object, and comes to the photodetector via the second beam splitter; a calculator for determining a distance from an observation place to the object using a flight time of the laser beam taken from the emitter to the photodetector; a measurement result display for displaying the distance determined by the calculator; and a casing accommodating the first and second optical systems, the first and second beam splitters, the emitter, the photodetector, the calculator, and the measurement result display.10-21-2010
20080266543Systems and methods for measuring ultra-short light pulses - Systems and methods for measuring a pulse length (τ10-30-2008
20100007870Apparatus for the recognition of the presence of an object in space - The invention relates to an apparatus (01-14-2010
20090141262METHOD OF DETECTING A LIGHT PULSE REFLECTED ON AN OBJECT TO DETERMINE THE DISTANCE FROM THE OBJECT, SENSOR AND DEVICE FOR IMPLEMENTING SAME - The present invention proposes a real time active imaging method that is accurate and simple, and able to give distance information concerning the observed objects.06-04-2009
20100118292CROSS-CHIRPED INTERFEROMETRY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING - An interferometric method and system enabling light echoes-to-spectrum mapping, applicable for laser rangefinder, biomedical imaging including surface 3D mapping and tomography, vehicle position identification, and spectrum analysis. The direct mapping into spectrum allows a time-of-flight detection without using any timing pulse modulation. The sensitivity of the detection can be as high as that of the conventional low coherence interferometry, thereby an eye-safe and low-cost solution not compromising performance. In a practical implementation, high accurate range detection can be easily achievable with the level of accuracy equivalent to the laser rangefinder using a 20 ps Full-Width-at-Half-Maximum (FWHM) timing pulse. The system and method comprise applying dispersion-unbalanced interference (referred to as ‘cross-chirp interference’) and gating a phase matched spectral component. The dispersion unbalance used to induce linear one-to-one correspondence between the relative time delay and the spectral component, the performances in terms of range and resolution of the system and method increase with the increase in dispersion unbalance05-13-2010
20100020306HIGH DEFINITION LIDAR SYSTEM - A lidar-based 3-D point cloud measuring system and method. An example system includes a base, a housing, a plurality of photon transmitters and photon detectors contained within the housing, a rotary motor that rotates the housing about the base, and a communication component that allows transmission of signals generated by the photon detectors to external components. The rotary component includes a rotary power coupling configured to provide power from an external source to the rotary motor, the photon transmitters, and the photon detectors. In another embodiment, the photon transmitters and detectors of each pair are held in a fixed relationship with each other. In yet another embodiment, a single detector is “shared” among several lasers by focusing several detection regions onto a single detector, or by using a single, large detector.01-28-2010
20110199602SENSOR AND METHOD USING THE SAME - A sensor, including a plurality of photo gate pairs on a semiconductor substrate, each of the photo gate pairs including a first photo gate and a second photo gate, a first shared floating diffusion region in the semiconductor substrate, and a plurality of first transmission transistors on the semiconductor substrate, wherein each of the plurality of first transmission transistors is adapted to transmit charges to the first shared floating diffusion region in response to a first transmission control signal, the charges being generated in the semiconductor substrate under the first photo gate of each of the plurality of photo gate pairs.08-18-2011
20090273771METHOD AND AN APPARATUS FOR CAPTURING THREE-DIMENSIONAL DATA OF AN AREA OF SPACE - In a method for capturing three-dimensional data of an area of space, a plurality of measuring beams (Ls) are sent out to a plurality of measuring points. A detector (11-05-2009
20090046269Light beam receiver - A light beam receiver includes a plurality of light beam detector elements, a plurality of integrator circuits that receive signals from the light beam detector elements, and a signal integral limiting integration time controller that is in communication with at least two of the integrator circuits so that an analysis of the light beam reception is determined. One embodiment provides a self-calibration function, using a plurality of light beam detector elements that generate output signals when receiving a light beam upon the light beam detector elements, an evaluation/control circuit that receives the output signals and is configured to substantially determine a position where the light beam impacts on the light beam detector elements, and at least one calibration light source that emits at least one light pulse that is coupled to the light beam detector elements. The light beam receiver performs a self-calibration function using the calibration light source.02-19-2009
20090296071LIGHT-DIVIDING ELEMENT AND DISTANCE-MEASURING APPARATUS - A light-dividing element is provided with a dichroic mirror surface 12-03-2009
20100277712ENTANGLED-PHOTON RANGE FINDING SYSTEM AND METHOD - A method of determining a distance to an object is presented. A first photon and a second photon are simultaneously generated. The first photon is reflected off an object. The second photon is directed to an optical cavity. An arrival of the first photon is correlated with an arrival of the second photon, and the distance to the object is at least partially determined using the correlation.11-04-2010
20100141928Continuous Index of Refraction Compensation Method for Measurements in a Medium - Described herein are devices and methods for making extremely accurate measurements in a medium by continuously measuring the index of refraction of the medium such as water or biological tissue. Also described herein is a device for constantly measuring the index of refraction, and using the index of refraction data to constantly calibrate the optical measurement device. In addition, a primary measurement device (a ladar) that is optimized for data collection in a volume backscattering medium such as water or biological tissue is described, along with data results from the lab.06-10-2010
20080239279LADAR-BASED MOTION ESTIMATION FOR NAVIGATION - A method for estimating motion with at least one laser radar is disclosed. The method involves scanning a first range image at a first time, locating a plurality of object features in the first range image, scanning a second range image at a second time, receiving motion data for a time period between the first and second times, and locating the plurality of object features in the second range image based, at least in part, on the motion data to determine an orientation of the object. Based on the orientation of the object, the method estimates motion by comparing the location of the plurality of object features in the first scanned range image to the location of the plurality of object features in the second scanned range image.10-02-2008
20090273770SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SAFE LASER IMAGING, DETECTION AND RANGING (LIDAR) OPERATION - A Laser Imaging, Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) system that automatically adjusts laser output so that no eye damage occurs to human targets. In one example, a component automatically measures range to targets in a field of view and determines the closest targets based on the measured range. A laser device outputs a laser beam and a controller adjusts one of pulse repetition frequency, power, or pulse duration of the laser device based on the measured range of the closest target in order to comply with a predefined eye safety model.11-05-2009
20110141453System and Method for Ranging of Targets - A method for ranging or targets may include transmitting a pulse of electromagnetic energy at a target. The method may also include generating a time-varying signal in response to receiving a first signal indicating transmission of the pulse of electromagnetic energy. Additionally, the method may include detecting a reflection of the pulse from the target. Moreover, the method may include generating a second signal indicating detection of the reflection. The method may further include generating a third signal substantially equivalent to the second signal delayed by predetermined delay. The method may also include sampling the time-varying signal in response to receiving the third signal.06-16-2011
20120287417MULTIPLE-FIELD-OF-VIEW SCANNERLESS OPTICAL RANGEFINDER IN HIGH AMBIENT BACKGROUND LIGHT - A multiple-field-of-view scannerless optical rangefinder operating in pulsed Time-Of-Flight operation for use in high ambient background light is described. The rangefinder comprises an optical emitter having a LED light source and driver electronics, emitting a train of light pulses having a broad field-of-illumination (FOI); a multi-channel optical receiver (MCOR) for detecting optical return signals, an overall field-of-view (FOV) encompassing each channel instantaneous FOV, the FOI encompassing the overall FOV, the multi-channel optical receiver having analog front-end electronics; an Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) for receiving and converting the waveforms into digital format; a control and processing unit (CPU) for generating a pulse trigger signal, sending a synchronization trigger signal to the MCOR for starting the detection of the optical return signals, and for processing the waveforms in digital format; a data interface; wherein a peak present in any of waveforms is a signature of an object located within the instantaneous FOV.11-15-2012
20080309916Auto Aim Reticle For Laser range Finder Scope - A laser range finder scope for measuring the distance between a target and the scope based on the time-of-flight of laser impulses is disclosed as including means for transmitting laser impulses toward the target and generating a first time signal corresponding to the transmission; means for receiving laser impulses reflected from the target and generating a second time signal corresponding to the reception; means for delaying said first time signal to provide a third time signal; means for calculating the time-of-flight by comparing said second time signal and third time signal; and a scope with a reticle with a plurality of indicia selectively lightable to each indicate the appropriate reticle scale to aim at the target.12-18-2008
20080304043Single-Channel Heterodyne Distance-Measuring Method - According to the invention, high precision distance measurement may be carried out by the broadcast of pulsed electromagnetic radiation (ES) with at least two pulse repetition frequencies, whereby the pulse repetition frequencies are selected such that the corresponding pulse separations do not have a common multiple in the range of the order of magnitude of a maximum external measurement range. The radiation is hence transmitted both to a target for measurement over the measurement path outside the device and also over a reference path inside the device, whereby the radiation (IS) passing along the reference path defines at least one start pulse and the radiation (ES) passing along the measurement path defines at least one stop pulse.12-11-2008
20080285009Laser Range Finder - This invention belongs to instruments for distance measurement (rangefinders). The proposed laser rangefinder contains, serially connected, pulse laser with an optical system, a pulse amplifier and a regulated pulse generator; also, serially connected, a photoreceiver based on an avalanche photodiode with an optical system (conjugate to that of the laser), an amplifier of photo-detected signals, comparator, time-interval meter, and an object detection indicator. This rangefinder is unique in that the pulse amplifier features an additional output, connected to which is a second laser with an optical system (conjugate to that of the first laser and avalanche photodiode); and an additional second input connected to the first input of the pulse amplifier, to the first output of the regulated pulse generator and to the first input of the time-interval meter.11-20-2008
20080309917Optical Short-Range Sensor - In an optical short-range sensor, a plurality of sequentially actuatable transmission elements (12-18-2008
20080266544Electro-Optical Measuring Device - The invention relates to an electro-optical measuring device, in particular a hand-held device (10-30-2008
20090046270RANGE MEASUREMENT DEVICE - A range measurement device is disclosed. The device comprises a flash laser radar configured to produce a first laser pulse at a first time. The device receives, at a second time, reflections of the first laser pulse from at least one object within a 360 degree field of view. The device further comprises a timing electronics module, an image sensor in communication with the timing electronics module, a mirror element coupled between the image sensor and the laser radar, and a lens. The mirror element includes a first reflector configured to disperse the reflections of the first laser pulse within at least a portion of the 360 degree field of view and a second reflector configured to collect returning reflections of the first laser pulse from the at least one object into the image sensor. The lens is configured to focus the returning reflections onto the image sensor.02-19-2009
20080285008CARS/ABSORPTION DUAL MODE ELECTRO-OPTIC SENSOR - A target gas sensing system includes a single source at a first location for generating two light beams having first and second frequencies wherein the difference between the first and second frequencies is the Raman frequency of the target gas. A difference frequency generator outputs the two light beams having the first frequency, the second frequency, and a third light beam having a third frequency that is the difference between the first and second frequencies. The first, second, and third light beams are directed toward the target gas. An input optic directs light from the third light beam, after interacting with the target gas, to a receiver for absorption spectroscopy processing, directs a fourth light beam from the target gas to a receiver for coherent anti-Stokes Raman processing, wherein the fourth light beam has a frequency of twice the first frequency minus the second frequency.11-20-2008
20100271616SHAPE MEASURING INSTRUMENT WITH LIGHT SOURCE CONTROL - An optical system of a shape measuring instrument includes a laser diode, a first optical system irradiating an object to be measured with laser beam, a second optical system focusing reflected light from the object to be measured, and a CCD line sensor portion for detecting a laser beam from the second optical system, where the first optical system includes an optical path displacing unit for displacing an optical path for laser beam, the optical path displacing unit includes a glass plate rotating about a rotating axis extending in a direction perpendicular to a displacement plane of the optical path, a rotating unit for the glass plate, and a rotating unit controller, and the rotating unit controller causes a rotation angle of the rotating unit to coincide with a rotation angle of the rotating unit obtained when the maximum value of an amount of light received by the CCD line sensor according to rotation of the rotating unit is measured by the rotating unit controller.10-28-2010
20090185159DISTANCE MEASURING METHOD AND DISTANCE MEASURING ELEMENT FOR DETECTING THE SPATIAL DIMENSION OF A TARGET - A distance measuring method for detecting the spatial dimension of at least one target by at least one emission of a multiplicity of light pulses, in particular laser light, towards the target, detecting the light pulse scattered back by the target by means of a multiplicity of distance measuring pixels and eliminating the distance to the target for each pixel, wherein each light pulse can be detected within a measuring interval T07-23-2009
20080316464LASER RANGE FINDING DEVICE & DISTANCE MEASUREMENT METHOD THEREOF - A distance measurement method for use in a laser range finding device to measure a distance between the laser range finding device and a target is disclosed. The method comprises the following steps. A laser signal is sent to the target in a first time point. A reflected laser signal reflected by the target is then received. A digital signal having a plurality of signal values ranging from 0 to N is obtained by sampling the reflected laser signal with a sampling signal, wherein N is an integer larger than two. A maximum signal value among the signal values is obtained. The distance is calculated according to the first time point and a second time point where the maximum signal value is generated.12-25-2008
20120069322Method and Device For Measuring Distance - There is provided an apparatus (03-22-2012
20120069321IMAGING DEVICE AND CIRCUIT FOR SAME - An apparatus and method for imaging a target area is provided. Light is directed to a target area where it reflects off objects. The light is then returned to a receiving device. This receiving device creates a signal indicative of the intensity of the received light. The time of flight for the light plus the shape of the signal are analyzed to determine the range and shape of objects in the target area.03-22-2012
20090079958Unknown - The invention relates to an optical range finder comprising a light transmitter for the transmission of measurement light into a monitored space, a light receiver for the reception of measurement light reflected or remitted by an object in the monitored space, and an evaluation circuit to determine the time of flight of the measurement light from the output signal and to determine the distance of the object therefrom. In accordance with the invention, a PIN diode circuit is provided between the light receiver and the evaluation circuit and is electrically connected to them, with the PIN diode circuit damping the current output signal of the light receiver. The invention furthermore relates to an optical range finding method which can be carried out with the optical range finder in accordance with the invention.03-26-2009
20090021721Hand-held laser distance measuring device with a pulse reflection mixing method - A hand-held laser distance measuring device (01-22-2009
20110228251RASTER SCANNING FOR DEPTH DETECTION - Techniques are provided for determining distance to an object in a depth camera's field of view. The techniques may include raster scanning light over the object and detecting reflected light from the object. One or more distances to the object may be determined based on the reflected image. A 3D mapping of the object may be generated. The distance(s) to the object may be determined based on times-of-flight between transmitting the light from a light source in the camera to receiving the reflected image from the object. Raster scanning the light may include raster scanning a pattern into the field of view. Determining the distance(s) to the object may include determining spatial differences between a reflected image of the pattern that is received at the camera and a reference pattern.09-22-2011
20110228253MOBILE ELECTRONIC DETECTION DEVICE WITH USER SELECTABLE ALERTS - A detection device for detecting the presence of a speed detection system, red light camera, or other electronic surveillance means. The device includes a display means whereby the graphical and audible presentation changes from the non alert condition to the alert condition in accordance to a user selectable choice of options, thereby increasing awareness to the surveillance threat.09-22-2011
20110228252DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MEASURING THE POSITION OF AT LEAST ONE MOVING OBJECT IN A THREE-DIMENSIONAL GRID - A device for measuring the position of at least one moving object in a three-dimensional grid. The device comprises: at least one optical head comprising an independent laser sources array outputting collimated laser beams, arranged about a central photodetector with a single sensitive cell; at least one movable base with two rotational degrees of freedom whereto said array is secured; and control electronics.09-22-2011
20090059201Full-Field Light Detection and Ranging Imaging System - Apparatuses and methods determine positional information from a reflected optical signal for an object on a per pixel basis. A spread spectrum imaging system includes a transmitting module transmitting a transmitted optical signal that illuminates a target space and contains a transmitted pulse that is modulated with a first pseudo-noise (PN) code. The imaging system includes a receiving module that receives a reflected optical signal from an object. The reflected signal is processed by an optical array that detects a detected signal from the reflected optical signal, where the detected signal contains a plurality of pixels spanning a target space. When the determined PN code corresponds to the selected PN code, image information and the positional information is presented for the object. When different positional information is obtained for different pixels in the image, the imaging system may determine that different objects appear in the received image.03-05-2009
20090147240METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EYE SAFETY IN OPTICAL SENSOR SYSTEMS - One embodiment of the application provides a method and system for measuring a range to a target using a ranging system by measuring the time of flight of a ranging signal to and from the target, the first ranging signal having an energy sufficient to locate the target and detecting the target using a detection system generating a target detection signal, the target detection signal having a peak energy determined by the range to the target measured by the first detection system.06-11-2009
20120105824Laser Surveying Instrument - A laser surveying instrument comprising a light source unit having two or more light emission sources for emitting pulsed distance measuring lights with different wavelengths, a light projecting unit for projecting the pulsed distance measuring lights with the two or more wavelengths on an optical axis, and a deflection member provided on the optical axis, is disclosed. The deflection member has two or more reflection surfaces which reflect each wavelength of the pulsed distance measuring lights independently, thereby dividing the pulsed distance measuring lights for every wavelength, and deflecting each of the distance measuring lights toward an object to be measured. The instrument comprises a single photodetection element for receiving reflected distance measuring lights from the object to be measured. In the laser surveying instrument, a measurement of distance is performed for every pulsed distance measuring light based on a photodetection signal produced by the photodetection element.05-03-2012
20120105823COLOR SENSOR INSENSITIVE TO DISTANCE VARIATIONS - A system for calibrating a color sensing pixel based upon the distance between the color sensing pixel and an object. The distance is determined by measuring the phase shift of electromagnetic radiation as reflected from the surface of the object compared with the wave profile of the electromagnetic radiation incident on the object surface. The color sensing pixel is associated with a Time-of-Flight (ToF) pixel which is employed to determine the distance of the color sensing pixel. The electromagnetic radiation can be from any part of the electromagnetic spectrum, in particular the infrared and visible light portions of the electromagnetic spectrum. The color sensing pixel and the ToF pixel can reside on the same semiconductor or on disparate semiconductors.05-03-2012
20100165323ADAPTIVE ANGLE AND POWER ADAPTATION IN 3D-MICRO-MIRROR LIDAR - A device for recording a geometry of an environment of a device in a detection field with the aid of laser scanning may include a laser beam controlled by an oscillating micromechanical mirror. The detection field is specifiable in the vertical and horizontal directions by adapting an amplitude of oscillation of the micromechanical mirror. Driver-assistance systems are used for tasks both in the near field, such as a parking function, and in the distant field of the vehicle, such as a distance control or the detection of obstacles on the roadway. If the amplitude of the oscillation of the micro-mirror is then reduced in the horizontal direction and/or vertical direction, the spatial resolution for the reduced detection range is improved. Moreover, the higher intensity of the laser radiation impinging on the smaller detection region improves the signal-to-noise ratio of the detected signal.07-01-2010
20100128246Optoelectronic sensor and method for the measurement of distances in accordance with the light transit time principle - An optoelectronic sensor (05-27-2010
20110058153TOF Range Finding With Background Radiation Suppression - A method for measuring time of flight of radiation includes emitting modulated radiation (03-10-2011
20090115995Method and system for fast calibration of three-dimensional (3D) sensors - Rapid calibration of a TOF system uses a stationary target object and electrically introduces phase shift into the TOF system to emulate target object relocation. Relatively few parameters suffice to model a parameterized mathematical representation of the transfer function between measured phase and Z distance. The phase-vs-distance model is directly evaluated during actual run-time operation of the TOF system. Preferably modeling includes two components: electrical modeling of phase-vs-distance characteristics that depend upon electrical rather than geometric characteristics of the sensing system, and elliptical modeling that phase-vs-distance characteristics that depending upon geometric rather than electrical characteristics of the sensing system.05-07-2009
20090115994LASER RANGING, TRACKING AND DESIGNATION USING 3-D FOCAL PLANES - By using 3-D focal plane arrays, the present invention tracks or locates small moving objects, or generates a 3-D frame of data with minimum laser energy and a minimum of mechanically moving parts. In another embodiment the invention is used to determine the direction of a laser designating a target with a minimum of moving parts. In another embodiment the invention is used as a 3-D movie/video camera. In yet another embodiment the device is used to provide data for autonomous navigation.05-07-2009
20090115993Device and Method for Recording Distance Images - A monitoring device is provided with a detector, by means of which both intensity images and distance images can be recorded. The resolution of the distance image can be increased with the aid of the intensity image. Conversely, the intensity image can be segmented in object-oriented fashion on the basis of the distance image.05-07-2009
20090115992Distance measuring apparatus - A distance measuring apparatus, which can achieve reduction in cost and size and perform measurement ranging from short-distance to long-distance accurately, includes an unit outputting first pulsed light L05-07-2009
20110032508Phase sensing and scanning time of flight LADAR using atmospheric absorption bands - A phase-sensing and scanning time-of-flight LADAR method and device are disclosed that take advantage of an atmospheric absorption bands within the solar IR spectrum.02-10-2011
20110032507SCANNER SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REGISTERING SURFACES - The invention relates to a method for registering surfaces, using a scanner system comprising a radiation source for emitting electromagnetic radiation (ES), a scanning device for guiding the radiation over the surface in order to scan the latter and a receiver for receiving the radiation (RS) that is reflected by the surface. According to the invention, the radiation is spectrally separated to analyse the surface characteristics and a distance measuring unit is used to derive distance information in parallel from the received radiation.02-10-2011
20090109421Laser area sensor - One embodiment includes: a laser range finder that obtains a distance to an object and a light-reception level of reflected light: a scanning mechanism that changes the measurement direction; a data acquiring portion that periodically performs measurement while changing the measurement direction; a data correcting portion that removes distance information of a portion corresponding to a discontinuous change and corrects light-reception level information of a portion that does not correspond to the discontinuous change after the obtained distance information and light-reception level information are compared with distance information and light-reception level information of preceding and succeeding measurement periods in each direction; a human body judging portion that extracts a portion that is presumed to correspond to a human body, and judges whether or not the extracted portion matches a human body based on a time-series moving status of the extracted portion; and an alert output control portion.04-30-2009
20130135606DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE - The invention relates to an electro-optical distance measuring device comprising a transmitting unit comprising a light source for emitting intensity-modulated optical radiation, a receiving unit for receiving a portion of the optical radiation, said portion being reflected from a target object, by means of a photosensitive electrical component and for converting it into an electrical reception signal. Furthermore comprising a conditioning unit for conditioning the reception signal comprising at least one amplifier stage, an analogue-to-digital converter fox digitizing the conditioned reception signal, and an electronic evaluation unit, which is designed in such a way that a distance from the distance measuring device to the target object, can be determined on the basis of a signal propagation time with the aid of the digitized reception signal. According to the invention, in this case the amplifier stage is designed in such a way that it has a non-linear input-output characteristic.05-30-2013
20100302528COLOR LIDAR SCANNER - A color LiDAR scanner device includes color laser diodes (red, green, blue) and avalanche photodetector diodes (red, green, blue) that illuminate and detect the color light intensity returned from a target. In a preferred version these color laser/detectors are coupled with a single infrared laser/detector that detects the range and infrared light intensity from the same target. The combined range and color intensity information is combined to produce a single colored pixel in space. Multiple illuminations are used to create multiple pixels which can be combined to produce images. A rotating housing may be used for an entire surrounding image.12-02-2010
20130141710OPTICAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Systems and methods presented herein provide for optical surveillance using modulated lasers, or other forms of light, and optical detection. In one embodiment, an optical surveillance system includes a light source, such as a laser or light emitting diode, and a signal generator operable to modulate the light source. The system also includes a detector operable to detect the modulated light source and a processor communicatively coupled to the detector to distinguish the modulated light source from other detected light based on the modulating waveform of the modulated light source. The processor is also operable to determine a presence of an object between the laser and the detector based on an obscuration of the laser pulses on the detector.06-06-2013
20100315618GEODETIC SCANNER WITH INCREASED EFFICIENCY - The present invention provides a method and a geodetic scanner for determining the appearance of a target. In the method and geodetic scanner of the present invention, an initial can is performed to calculate or determine a set of optimal gain values for each one of a number of predetermined positions (12-16-2010
20090066930MEASUREMENT SYSTEM - A measurement system 03-12-2009
201100191763D LASER RANGE FINDER SENSOR - Disclosed herein is a 3-dimension range finder sensor, the proposed range finder sensor including a mirror reflecting emitted light and incident light; a mirror support tiltably supporting the mirror; a cylindrical body coupling the mirror support to its one side and being of a hollow shape in at least one part to allow the emitted light and the incident light to pass therethrough; a horizontal drive motor installed on a base for supportively rotating the cylindrical body; a link device connected to the mirror for tilting the mirror; a vertical drive motor disposed at a lateral surface of the horizontal drive motor on the base; and a power transmission part interposed between the vertical drive motor and the link device and transmitting the power of the vertical drive motor to the link device for the link device to tilt the mirror.01-27-2011
20110242522DETERMINING DISTANCE BETWEEN NODES - A first node in a wireless network transmits a periodic pilot signal to a second node. The second node receives the periodic pilot signal and retransmits the signal back to the first node. The retransmitted pilot signal includes a phase adjustment in view of an internal processing delay at the second node. The phase adjustment involves matching a phase of the retransmitted pilot signal to a phase of the received pilot signal. The first node measures a roundtrip delay of the pilot signal and the distance between the nodes is computed based at least on the measured roundtrip delay.10-06-2011
20100182588METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE DISTANCE TO A RETROREFLECTIVE OBJECT - The invention relates to a method and a device for determining a modification at one object or a modification caused by an object (07-22-2010
20100039637DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING IN OPTICAL SYSTEMS USED FOR RANGING APPLICATIONS - Methods and apparatuses for reducing the response time along with increasing the probability of ranging of optical rangefinders that digitize the signal waveforms obtained from the pulse echoes returned from various types of objects to be ranged, the pulse echoes being too weak to allow successful ranging from a single waveform or the objects being possibly in motion during the capture of the pulse echoes. In a first embodiment of the invention, the response time at close range of a digital optical rangefinder is reduced by using a signal averaging process wherein the number of data to be averaged varies with the distance according to a predetermined function. In a second embodiment of the invention, the probability of ranging objects in motion along the line of sight of a digital optical rangefinder is increased and the object velocity measured by performing a range shift of each acquired signal waveform prior to averaging. In a third embodiment of the invention, the signal waveforms acquired in the line of sight of a digital optical rangefinder are scanned over a predetermined zone and range shifted and averaged to allow for early detection and ranging of objects that enter in the zone.02-18-2010
20120242974Method and Apparatus for Controlling Laser Transmissions for Enhanced Safety - According to a present invention embodiment, safety is enhanced for a non-eye-safe limited-range laser sensing system. The laser sensing system typically has an operating range limited to a well-defined spatial interval. A range measurement is utilized to control emissions of the non-eye-safe laser. In particular, when the range to a target is outside the designed spatial interval defining the operating range of the laser sensing system, transmission of the non-eye-safe laser beam is disabled or rendered non-hazardous. In other words, the transmission of the non-eye-safe laser beam is disabled in response to no detection of a hard target within the operating range of the laser sensing system, or when an object is detected between the laser sensing system and the spatial interval that defines the operating range. The target distance may be tracked to change the location (and possibly, width) of the adaptive spatial interval defining the operating range.09-27-2012
20100128247Optoelectronic sensor and method for the measurement of distances in accordance with the light transit time principle - An optoelectronic sensor (05-27-2010
20110249251System and Method of Generating and Using Open Sky Data - A method and system for generating and using open sky data is described. A vehicle equipped with a range-finding device travels on a road network in a geographic region. The range-finding device transmits a pulse at a given position and obtains range data associated with the position. The system uses the range data to generate data representing visibility of open sky at the given position and at other positions along the road network. For example, the system may determine transmission angles of pulses transmitted at positions that did not encounter a physical object and then use the determined transmission angles to generate data representing visibility of open sky at these positions. The system then stores the data representing the visibility of open sky. The system then associates the data representing the visibility of open sky with data representing physical features.10-13-2011
20120200840Continuous Index of Refraction Compensation Method for Measurements in a Medium - Described herein are devices and methods for making extremely accurate measurements in a medium by continuously measuring the index of refraction of the medium such as water or biological tissue. Also described herein is a device for constantly measuring the index of refraction, and using the index of refraction data to constantly calibrate the optical measurement device. In addition, a primary measurement device (a ladar) that is optimized for data collection in a volume backscattering medium such as water or biological tissue is described, along with data results from the lab.08-09-2012
20120200841PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT, LIGHT RECEIVING DEVICE, LIGHT RECEIVING SYSTEM, AND DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE - A first photoelectric conversion element, which detects light and converts the light into photoelectrons has: one first MOS diode having a first electrode formed on a semiconductor base body with an insulator therebetween; and a plurality of second MOS diodes, each of which has a second electrode formed on the semiconductor base body with the insulator therebetween. The first electrode of the first MOS diode has, when viewed from the upper surface, a comb-like shape wherein a plurality of branch portions are branched from one electrode portion. Each second electrode of each of the second MOS diodes is, when viewed from the upper surface, separated from the first electrode, and is disposed to nest between the branch portions of the first electrode.08-09-2012
20110037968LASER RANGEFINDER WITH A VOICE CONTROL FUNCTION - A laser rangefinder with a voice control function has a housing, a voice sensor module, a measure module, a circuit board and a display module. The housing has a voice-receiving hole and a screen. The voice sensor module receives voice commands through the voice-receiving hole. The measure module produces and emits a laser beam toward an object and then receives the laser beam reflected from the object. The circuit board judges the voice command sent by the voice sensor module to activate the measure module for calculating and determining a distance between the laser rangefinder and the object based by a time interval of the laser beam traveling toward and returning from the object. The display module shows a determined result on the screen.02-17-2011
20110037969CONCEPT FOR OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASUREMENT - The present invention relates to a concept for optical distance measurement, wherein a radiation pulse is emitted in the direction of an object of measurement. At least two different transfer gates which couple a photoactive region to at least two different evaluating capacities are driven during different drive intervals so that charge carriers generated during the drive intervals by a radiation pulse reflected from the object of measurement and/or by ambient radiation can be transported from the photoactive region to the evaluating capacities each coupled to the at least two transfer gates. Another transfer gate is driven during a time outside the drive intervals of the at least two transfer gates to connect the photoactive region to a reference potential terminal acting as a charge carrier sink during the time outside the drive intervals of the at least two transfer gates.02-17-2011
20110037967OPTICAL SIGHT - An optical sight includes an outer barrel unit, an objective lens unit, an ocular lens unit, a magnification unit, a range-finding module, and a display unit. The objective lens and the ocular lens unit are mounted to front and rear ends of the outer barrel unit, respectively. The magnification unit is disposed between the objective lens unit and the ocular lens unit. The range-finding module is disposed on the magnification unit, and includes alight emitter, alight receiver, and a micro processing unit. The display unit is disposed in the outer barrel unit, and includes a seat mounted adjustably between the magnification unit and the ocular lens unit, and a transparent display secured to the seat and coupled electrically to the micro processing unit. The transparent display has an aiming indicator, and a message indicator for visual indication of a range calculated by the micro processing unit.02-17-2011
20100097598DISTANCE MEASUING APPARATUS - A distance measuring apparatus includes a light source unit generating reference light for distance measuring, a light receiving device receiving light reflected from an object to be measured, which has received the reference light, a mirror controlling a path of the reference light, and controlling a path of light, reflected from the object to be measured, toward the light receiving device, and a sensor lens focusing the light reflected from the mirror on the light receiving device. The sensor lens includes a lens portion refracting light, a flange portion provided around the circumference of the lens portion and including a coupling portion for fixing the sensor lens, and a light passing portion formed at the lens portion.04-22-2010
20100053593APPARATUS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR ROTATING A LIDAR DEVICE TO MAP OBJECTS IN AN ENVIRONMENT IN THREE DIMENSIONS - Apparatus, systems, and methods for perceiving objects in an environment in three dimensions are provided. One apparatus includes a turntable capable of being coupled to a vehicle and a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) device mounted on the turntable. A system includes a vehicle with a turntable coupled to the vehicle and a LIDAR device mounted on the turntable. One method includes rotating a two-dimensional LIDAR device along an axis of rotation that is substantially normal to a ground plane beneath the vehicle, capturing data points of objects within the environment surrounding the LIDAR device, and generating a three-dimensional representation of the objects based on the data points.03-04-2010
20100177299Differential Focus Blade Clearance Probe - An apparatus and a method for ascertaining a gap between a stationary member and a rotating member are disclosed. At least a reference beam and a signal beam, which have different focal lengths or which diverge/converge at different rates, are fixed to the stationary member and proximate to each other. The beams are projected across a gap between the stationary member and the rotating member toward the rotating member. The reference and signal beams are reflected by the translating member when it intersects the reference and signal beam, and the reflected reference and signal pulses are obtained. One or more features of the reflected reference pulse and the reflected signal pulse, such as a rise time of the pulses, a fall time of the pulses, a width of the pulses and a delay between the reflected reference pulse and the reflected signal pulse, among other factors, are obtained. The width of the gap is obtained using at least one of these factors.07-15-2010
20110164242OBSERVATION DEVICE WITH RANGE FINDER - The invention describes a long-range optical device (07-07-2011
20080204702Optical observation apparatus - The invention relates to an optical observation apparatus (08-28-2008
20080204700Method For Light Propagation Time Measurement - In a method and a device for light propagation time measurement, in particular for cameras, a light signal clocked by a clock controller (08-28-2008
20110051120RANGE MEASUREMENT DEVICE - A range measurement device is disclosed. The device comprises a flash laser radar configured to produce a first laser pulse at a first time. The device receives, at a second time, reflections of the first laser pulse from at least one object within a 360 degree field of view. The device further comprises a timing electronics module, an image sensor in communication with the timing electronics module, a mirror element coupled between the image sensor and the laser radar, and a lens. The mirror element includes a first reflector configured to disperse the reflections of the first laser pulse within at least a portion of the 360 degree field of view and a second reflector configured to collect returning reflections of the first laser pulse from the at least one object into the image sensor. The lens is configured to focus the returning reflections onto the image sensor.03-03-2011
20110013173LASER RANGE FINDING DEVICE AND DISTANCE MEASUREMENT METHOD THEREOF - A distance measurement method for use in a laser range finding device to measure a distance between the laser range finding device and a target is disclosed. The method comprises the following steps. A laser signal is sent to the target in a first time point. A reflected laser signal reflected by the target is then received. A digital signal having a plurality of signal values ranging from 0 to N is obtained by sampling the reflected laser signal with a sampling signal, wherein N is an integer larger than two. A maximum signal value among the signal values is obtained. The distance is calculated according to the first time point and a second time point where the maximum signal value is generated.01-20-2011
20110255071PHOTONIC MIXER AND USE THEREOF - The photonic mixer comprises a couple of an injecting contact region (10-20-2011
20100157282RANGE FINDER - A range finder 06-24-2010
20100214554Passive imaging system equipped with a range finder - The invention relates to a range finding method for a target by means of a pulsed laser (08-26-2010
20100195087METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A DISTANCE FROM AN OBJECT - A device for determining a distance from an object may include a light emitter for emitting an emission light beam, a light receiver for receiving a reception light beam, and an evaluation unit for determining the distance on the basis of a propagation time of the emission and reception light beams. The reception light beam may arise as a result of reflection of the emission light beam at the object. The light receiver may have a reception optical unit comprising a first lens element and a pinhole diaphragm. A light-impermeable element may shade a central region of the reception optical unit in such a way that the reception light beam is incident in the form of a light ring on the pinhole diaphragm. A second lens element, which is substantially hat-shaped in cross section, is arranged between the first lens element and the pinhole diaphragm.08-05-2010
20100195086METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A DISTANCE FROM AN OBJECT - A method for determining a distance from an object may include emitting an emission light beam from a light emitter, receiving a reception light beam at a light receiver, and determining the distance on the basis of a propagation time of the emission and reception light beams. The reception light beam may arise as a result of reflection of the emission light beam at the object. The emission light beam may be amplitude-modulated with a rectangular-waveform modulation signal. The modulation signal may have a multiplicity of rectangular pulses which occur in a multiplicity of groups. The groups may occur at varying temporal intervals with respect to one another and have changing numbers of rectangular pulses.08-05-2010
20110188028METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR HIERARCHICAL DE-ALIASING TIME-OF-FLIGHT (TOF) SYSTEMS - A TOF system acquires depth data using n≧3 modulation frequencies f08-04-2011
20110188027MULTIPLE SYNCHRONIZED OPTICAL SOURCES FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT RANGE FINDING SYSTEMS - TOF system optical power is augmented using auxiliary optical emitter unit(s) that may be a wireless (WOE), or a plug-wired (PWOE). WOE units sense emitted TOF system optical energy S08-04-2011
20110188026SENSOR, METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME, AND SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - A method includes providing packets to demodulate a modulated photon signal output from a light source, wherein each packet includes a first interval and a second interval, and providing oscillation signals respectively having different phases from one another to photogates during the first interval of each of the packets. The light source is disabled and a direct current (DC) voltage is provided to the photogates during the second interval of each of the packets.08-04-2011
20100026984Optical sensor device - The present invention provides a method and apparatus for the acquisition of repetitive signals in a sensing device comprising a transmitter, a receiver and an object. The transmitter repetitively emits a modulated electromagnetic signal into a transmission medium, with the emitted signal interacting with the object producing a counter propagating return signal. The return signal may contain properties that reflect all, or a portion, of the initial signal or may be correlated with said signal through a process of absorption and reemission, in which reflected signal characteristics are governed by the object's physical material characteristic. The return signal is detected and converted into digital signals by a receiver via a reception channel through the use of edge transitions rather than logic levels from one or more comparator outputs to reconstruct the return signal waveform. A several waveform acquisition and reconstruction methods are disclosed for use with an edge sampling detection apparatus. When directed towards the time-of-flight distance measurement the invention also discloses a useful method to provide optical feedback using a moving waveguide.02-04-2010
20100020307INSERTION OF LASER PATH IN MULTIPLE FIELD OF VIEW REFLECTIVE TELESCOPE - A multiple field of view reflective telescope is described herein which has a laser and associated components inserted therein. In addition, a method is described herein for using the multiple field of view reflective telescope to range an object (e.g., target) or to designate-highlight an object (e.g., target).01-28-2010
20100277713DETECTION AND RANGING METHODS AND SYSTEMS - There is provided a system and a method for acquiring a detected light optical signal and generating an accumulated digital trace The method comprises providing a light source for illumination of a field of view, an optical detector, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), emitting one pulse from the light source in the field of view, detecting a reflection signal of the pulse by the optical detector, acquiring j points for the detected reflection signal by the ADC, storing, in a buffer, the digital signal waveform of j points, introducing a phase shift of 2pi/P, repeating, P times, the steps of emitting, detecting, acquiring, storing and introducing, to store, in the buffer, an interleaved waveform of P×j points, accumulating M traces of interleaved P×j points for a total of N=M×P acquisition sets, N being a total number of pulses emitted, creating one combined trace of the reflected signal of j×P points by adding each point of the M traces Additionally, the combined trace can be compared to a detected reference reflection signal of the pulse to determine a distance traveled by the pulse11-04-2010
20120307232BACK-ILLUMINATED DISTANCE MEASURING SENSOR AND DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE - Two charge quantities (Q12-06-2012
20120307231BACK-ILLUMINATED DISTANCE MEASURING SENSOR AND DISTANCE MEASURING DEVICE - Two charge quantities (Q12-06-2012
20110304841System architecture design for time-of- flight system having reduced differential pixel size, and time-of- flight systems so designed - Embodiments of the present invention provide methods to produce a high performance, feature rich TOF system, phase-based or otherwise using small TOF pixels, single-ended or preferably differential, as well as TOF systems so designed. IC chip area required for pixels is reduced by intelligently off-loading or removing from within the pixel certain components and/or functionality. In some embodiments during a single TOF system capture period, analog values from each pixel are repeatedly sampled and converted to digital values, which are combined and manipulated on the sensor chip. Combining this plurality of values enables appropriately compact data from the sensor chip. Embodiments of the present invention implement a TOF system with high ambient light resilience, high dynamic range, low motion blur and dealiasing support, while advantageously reducing pixel area size relative to prior art TOF pixels.12-15-2011
20100128248Optoelectronic sensor and method for the measurement of distances in accordance with light transit time principle - An optoelectronic sensor (05-27-2010
20120008129OBJECT DETECTION SYSTEM - An object detection system for a host vehicle includes an imaging device, a ranging device and a processor. The imaging device has a field of view exterior of the host vehicle and is operable to capture image data representative of an object exterior the host vehicle. The ranging device has a field of view that sweeps at least the field of view of the imaging device and that detects the object exterior the host vehicle. The processor processes image data from the imaging device and processes data from the ranging device in order to determine if the detected object is an object of interest. The determination that the detected object is an object of interest is made in accordance with a priority score.01-12-2012
20120008128Method and system to reduce stray light reflection error in time-of-flight sensor arrays - Haze-type phase shift error due to stray light reflections in a phase-type TOF system is reduced by providing a windowed opaque coating on the sensor array surface, the windows permitting optical energy to reach light sensitive regions of the pixels, and by reducing optical path stray reflection. Further haze-type error reduction is obtained by acquiring values for a plurality (but not necessarily all) of pixel sensors in the TOF system pixel sensor array. Next, a correction term for the value (differential or other) acquired for each pixel in the plurality of pixel sensors is computed and stored. Modeling response may be made dependent upon pixel (row,column) location within the sensor array. During actual TOF system runtime operation, detection data for each pixel, or pixel groups (super pixels) is corrected using the stored data. Good optical system design accounts for correction, enabling a simple correction model.01-12-2012
20120154786OPTOELECTRONIC SENSOR AND METHOD FOR THE DETECTION AND DISTANCE DETERMINATION OF OBJECTS - An optoelectronic sensor for the detection and distance determination of objects in a monitoring area is provided having a light transmitter for transmitting a plurality of light pulses, a rotatable deflecting unit, an angle detector, a light receiver, and an evaluation unit which is configured to collect a plurality of reception pulses in a time histogram to determine the light time of flight from the sensor to an object. The evaluation unit is configured to select a respective group of reception pulses that is collected in a histogram based on the angular position signal and to assign the measured value for the object distance determined from the histogram of the group to a detection angle identified by the angular position signal.06-21-2012
20100328644Object Detection and Tracking System - An object detection system for a vehicle includes an imaging device, an image processor and a Lidar device. The imaging device is operable to capture image data representative of a scene exterior the vehicle. The image processor processes image data to detect an object of interest in the field of view of the imaging device. The Lidar device is responsive to the image processing so as to have its line of sight guided to point toward the detected object of interest. The Lidar device is operable to measure the distances between the host vehicle and the detected object of interest.12-30-2010
20120206711ADAPTIVE RESPONSE TIME ACCELERATION - This document discusses among other things, methods and apparatus to conserve energy when providing proximity information. An example apparatus can include an energy emitter configured to emit a first pulse of energy, an energy sensor configured to receive reflected energy from the first pulse of energy, a control circuit including a processor, the processor configured to provide first proximity information of the apparatus with respect to an object using the reflected energy. The control circuit can be configured to control the energy emitter, to compare the first proximity information with second proximity information, and to modulate a delay between the first pulse of energy and a subsequent pulse of energy using the comparison.08-16-2012
20120154785Flash Ladar Collision Avoidance System - A vehicular collision avoidance system comprising a system controller, pulsed laser transmitter, a number of independent ladar sensor units, a cabling infrastructure, internal memory, a scene processor, and a data communications port is presented herein. The described invention is capable of developing a 3-D scene, and object data for targets within the scene, from multiple ladar sensor units coupled to centralized LADAR-based Collision Avoidance System (CAS). Key LADAR elements are embedded within standard headlamp and taillight assemblies. Articulating LADAR sensors cover terrain coming into view around a curve, at the crest of a hill, or at the bottom of a dip. A central laser transmitter may be split into multiple optical outputs and guided through fibers to illuminate portions of the 360° field of view surrounding the vehicle. These fibers may also serve as amplifiers to increase the optical intensity provided by a single master laser.06-21-2012
20090135404METHOD FOR OPERATING A TIME-OF-FLIGHT IMAGER PIXEL - A time-of-flight imager pixel has a light-sensitive region, a first and a second integration gate associated with the light-sensitive region, a first and a second sense node, a first output gate arranged between the first integration gate and the first sense node and a second output gate arranged between the second integration gate and the second sense node, a method for operating such a pixel includes05-28-2009
20120300191DISTANCE-MEASURING METHOD FOR A DEVICE PROJECTING A REFERENCE LINE, AND SUCH A DEVICE - A device projecting a reference line, wherein at least one part of the reference path may be detected upon passing through by the human eye and/or detectors as a reference line. In conjunction with passing through the reference path, a distance measurement occurs to at least one point on the reference path by transmitting a measurement beam that is parallel or coaxial to the reference beam or using the reference beam as a measurement beam. After receipt of portions of the reflected measurement beam, a signal is derived from said portions and a distance from at least one point is determined from the signal, wherein the guidance along the reference path is repeated at least once more and, upon each instance of passing through the reference path, a distance or distance-related variable is determined for each point.11-29-2012
20120249999LASER RANGING TRACKING AND DESIGNATION USING 3-D FOCAL PLANES - The present invention tracks or locates small moving objects, or generates a 3-D frame of data by using 3-D focal plane arrays with low laser energy and few mechanically moving parts. The invention may be used to determine the direction of a laser designating a target, for target tracking, used as a 3-D movie/video camera or used to provide data for autonomous navigation.10-04-2012
20120249998Optical Distance Measuring Device - A measuring device for optically measuring a distance to a target object includes an emitter device for emitting an optical measuring beam to the target object, a capturing device including a detection surface for detecting an optical beam returned by the target object, and an evaluation device. The detection surface has a plurality of pixels, each pixel having at least one SPAD (single photon avalanche diode) and each of the plurality of pixels is connected to the evaluation device. The emitting device and the capturing device are configured in such a manner that the optical measurement beam returned by the target object simultaneously illuminates a plurality of pixels. The evaluation device is configured in order to determine the distance between the measuring device and the target object based on the evaluation of detection signals of several pixels.10-04-2012
20100290028LIGHT DETECTING DEVICE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING LIGHT DETECTING DEVICE - A light detecting device includes a well region, a first holding region disposed in a surface portion of the well region, a second holding region and a third holding region disposed in a surface portion of the first holding region, an insulating layer disposed on the second holding region and the third holding region, a first electrode disposed on the second holding region through the insulating layer, and the second electrode disposed on the third holding region through the insulating layer. The first holding region is configured to hold a first carrier generated in the well region. Each of the second holding region and the third holding region is configured to hold a second carrier generated in the well region. The first carrier is one of an electron and a hole, and the second carrier is the other one of the electron and the hole.11-18-2010
20100290027INPUT DEVICE WITH PHOTOSENSITIVE ELEMENTS AND METHOD FOR INPUTTING INFORMATION THEREBY - A method for inputting information by an input device with photosensitive elements uses laser light to illuminate a target and two photosensitive elements to sense the time at which beams reflected by the target and then reflected respectively by rotatable first and second mirrors, and determines an included angle between a virtual connecting line of the target and the first mirror and a virtual connecting line of the first mirror and the second mirror and an included angle between a virtual connecting line of the target and the second mirror and the virtual connecting line of the first and second mirrors depending on the time, thereby calculating a coordinate of the target and taking it as relative input information, capable of saving the time for obtaining the target's coordinate and the production cost of the input device.11-18-2010
20100290029RANGE-FINDING DEVICE - A range-finding device includes: a light emitting unit that continuously emits measurement light to be used for distance measurement toward a measurement target object; a light-receiving unit that receives reflected light reflected by the measurement target object; a calculation unit that repeatedly calculates a distance to the measurement target object over predetermined time intervals by using the reflected light; a display unit at which an update of the distance is displayed each time the distance is calculated by the calculation unit; and a display update control unit that prohibits the update of the distance on display at the display unit and sustains the display of the previously calculated distance at the display unit according to a change in the most recently calculated distance calculated most recently by the calculation unit relative to the previously calculated distance having been calculated previously by the calculation unit.11-18-2010
20100245801OPTICAL SENSOR OPERATING ON THE TRANSIT TIME PRINCIPLE - The present invention relates to an optical sensor based on the transit time principle. The sensor includes a light source for the emission of emergent light pulses into an observed region, comprising a rotating device for rotating a beam direction of the emergent light pulses about a rotation axis orientated at right angles to the beam direction, comprising a detector for the detection of light pulses reflected by objects in the observed region, and comprising a control and evaluation unit for controlling the light source, for evaluating the light pulses detected by the detector, and for determining a distance away of an object on the basis of a measured transit time of the light pulses. The optical sensor is characterized in that the rotating device has a rotor and a stator and that the light source, the detector, and an electronic assembly forming part of the control and evaluating unit are disposed for joint rotation on the rotor.09-30-2010
20100208235LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING APPARATUS - A light detection and ranging (LIDAR) apparatus is provided that employs one or more additional reflectors to reflect and redirect the light beam transmission pulses from a scanning fan assembly to a given area of interest. The one or more additional reflectors provide additional resolution for detecting a detectable object. The one or more additional reflectors can be external or internal to the scanning fan assembly.08-19-2010
20100208233Method and Apparatus for Distance Measurement using Optical Beam - A method and apparatus for measuring a distance are disclosed. A measuring device includes a timer, a counter, an optical emitter, an optical receiver, and a distance computing element. In one embodiment, the timer provides a sequence of signals and the counter counts pulses in a loop. The loop includes an electrical path and an optical path. While an optical emitter such as a laser can emit outgoing beams, an optical receiver such as a photodiode receives return beams from the reflective surface. The reflective surface reflects the return beam in accordance with the outgoing beam. The distance computing element measures a distance in response to the outgoing and return beams.08-19-2010
20100208234SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING AND ANALYZING OBJECTS - Systems and methods are provided that employ one or more mirrors to harvest laser beams emitted by a physical rangefinder within a region of interest that would otherwise not intersect an object within the region of interest. The mirrors redirect the harvested beams back within the region of interest, creating one or more virtual rangefinders that supplement the physical rangefinder. The location of the virtual rangefinders is symmetric to the position of the physical rangefinder about the plane of the mirror and along the line normal to the mirror passing through the physical rangefinder. The virtual rangefinders, which operate synchronously with the physical rangefinder, thus provide a view of the object(s) from an angle different from that of the physical rangefinder.08-19-2010
20120212727OPTOELECTRONIC SENSOR AND METHOD FOR DETECTING OBJECTS - An optoelectronic sensor (08-23-2012
20120133919DISTANCE-MEASURING DEVICE AND SURVEYING SYSTEM - A distance-measuring device for the contactless measurement of the distance to a target, including a housing; a measuring apparatus which utilizes an optical measuring beam, which is arranged in a housing, and by which the distance to the target can be measured contactlessly; at least one reference stop arranged on the housing and that can be selected by the user in order to carry out the measurement; an operating and input array arranged on the housing and serving to operate at least one measuring apparatus; a visual display arranged on the housing and coupled to the operating and input array to indicate an operating state and/or the measured distance from a selected reference stop to the target. The housing has at least one optical signaler separate from the visual display and unambiguously associated with a reference stop and being activatable whenever that reference stop is selected.05-31-2012
20120176596METHOD FOR MEASURING THE PROPAGATION TIME OF LIGHT - In a method for measuring the transmit time of light, in particular for cameras, a first light signal which is clocked by a first clock controller (07-12-2012
20120257186Method for Measuring Distances - A method for measuring distances of targets by measuring the time of flight of pulses, in particular laser pulses, reflected on those targets, including the steps of; transmitting pulses having a pulse interval which varies according to a modulation signal as transmitted pulses, and concomitantly recording of reflected pulses as received pulses; determining a first series of distance measurement values from times of flight between transmitted pulses and those received pulses which are respectively received within a first time window following each transmitted pulse; determining at least a second series of distance measurement values from times of flight between transmitted pulses and those received pulses which are respectively received within a second time window following each transmitted pulse; and determining that series of distance measurement values which is least affected by the modulation signal as result of the distance measurement.10-11-2012
20120257187HIGHLY ACCURATE DISTANCE MEASUREMENT DEVICE - Highly accurate electro-optical time of flight distance measuring device for determining a distance to a target, including a transmitter for sending out a pulse shaped optical radiation to the target as well as a receiver for an optical signal built for turning the optical signal to an electrical signal, and a filter with a transfer function for filtering the electrical signal whereby the filter is built in such a way that its transfer-function is of at least 4th order, in particular 5th or 7th or higher order, so that aliasing is suppressed. Further a waveform-sampler, as an analog-to-digital-converter, for digitalizing the pulse shape from the filtered electrical signal as time- and value-quantized digital data, and a computation means for a numerical evaluation of the distance according to the pulse shape or a pulse shape representing numerical signature from the digital data.10-11-2012
20120188530SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE DESIGN FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT SYSTEM HAVING REDUCED DIFFERENTIAL PIXEL SIZE, AND TIME-OF-FLIGHT SYSTEMS SO DESIGNED - Embodiments of the present invention provide methods to produce a high performance, feature rich TOF system, phase-based or otherwise using small TOF pixels, single-ended or preferably differential, as well as TOF systems so designed. IC chip area required for pixels is reduced by intelligently off-loading or removing from within the pixel certain components and/or functionality. In some embodiments during a single TOF system capture period, analog values from each pixel are repeatedly sampled and converted to digital values, which are combined and manipulated on the sensor chip. Combining this plurality of values enables appropriately compact data from the sensor chip. Embodiments of the present invention implement a TOF system with high ambient light resilience, high dynamic range, low motion blur and dealiasing support, while advantageously reducing pixel area size relative to prior art TOF pixels.07-26-2012
20120229790METHOD AND SYSTEM TO REDUCE STRAY LIGHT REFLECTION ERROR IN TIME-OF-FLIGHT SENSOR ARRAYS - Haze-type phase shift error due to stray light reflections in a phase-type TOF system is reduced by providing a windowed opaque coating on the sensor array surface, the windows permitting optical energy to reach light sensitive regions of the pixels, and by reducing optical path stray reflection. Further haze-type error reduction is obtained by acquiring values for a plurality (but not necessarily all) of pixel sensors in the TOF system pixel sensor array. Next, a correction term for the value (differential or other) acquired for each pixel in the plurality of pixel sensors is computed and stored. Modeling response may be made dependent upon pixel (row,column) location within the sensor array. During actual TOF system runtime operation, detection data for each pixel, or pixel groups (super pixels) is corrected using the stored data. Good optical system design accounts for correction, enabling a simple correction model.09-13-2012
20080297761Measuring Apparatus - A measuring apparatus (1) for contactless detection of a distance between a surface (12-04-2008
20080285010OBJECT DETECTOR - An object detector projects laser light from a projecting part as detecting waves, moves the laser light horizontally and receives reflected waves of the laser light from an object to detect the position of the object from the elapsed time from when the laser light is projected until its reflection is received. A standard scan direction for a horizontal range of scan is set in a forward direction, and the vertical length irradiated by the laser light at positions where the distance from the projecting part is the same as the horizontal distance of the direction of projection of the detecting waves from the standard scan direction increases.11-20-2008
20120268727Optical Distance Measuring Device and Method for Optical Distance Measurement - The present invention describes an optical distance measuring device having a pulsed radiation source that is implemented to transmit, in a temporally contiguous radiation pulse period, a radiation pulse having a pulse duration t10-25-2012
20110235020Range Finder - A range finder includes a device for transmitting a laser beam and a device for receiving the laser echoes backscattered by a target, comprising a frontal optical system focusing the echoes on a detection zone which comprises at least one elementary detection zone associated with an individual detector with a large bandwidth, referred to as a temporal detector, and means for transporting the detection zone to the individual detector. An elementary zone is furthermore associated with a low-noise individual detector, referred to as a spatial detector, and the receive device furthermore comprises, connected to the transporting means, a switch suitable for associating said elementary detection zone with the temporal detector and with the spatial detector, alternately or in a static manner.09-29-2011
20100231891SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND DISTANCE IMAGE MEASUREMENT DEVICE - A pair of first gate electrodes IGR, IGL are provided on a semiconductor substrate 09-16-2010
20120327391DISPLAY APPARATUS - A display apparatus is provided which, when projecting a video onto a curved surface of an object for display, can realize an undistorted display of the video. The measuring means outputs the distance information representing the distance to the object. Based on the distance information produced by the measuring means, the curved surface contour is detected with high precision. According to at least the detected curved surface contour distortions, pixels of the display image are unevenly rearranged to correct the video information before it is output. This arrangement realizes an undistorted display of video when the video is projected onto the curved surface of the object.12-27-2012
20120092644EVALUATION DEVICE, MEASURING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR PATH LENGTH MEASUREMENT - An evaluation device, measuring arrangement and method for path length measurement. The evaluation device for path length measurement is configured to evaluate a measured signal which represents an intensity of a sequence of pulses of electromagnetic radiation as a function of time. The sequence of pulses has a repetition rate. The evaluation device is configured to determine a phase difference between a component of the measured signal, the component oscillating with a frequency, and a reference signal which oscillates with the frequency. For this purpose, the evaluation device generates, for example by frequency mixing, a first signal and a second signal which have another phase difference, such that the first signal and the second signal each oscillates with another frequency which is different from said frequency, and that the other phase difference has a predetermined relation to the phase difference.04-19-2012
20120140203Distance Measuring Device - An optical device is disclosed that may be employed in distance measuring devices. In at least one embodiment, the optical device includes a control unit that is adapted to cause at least one control signal generator unit to generate at least one control signal according to a predetermined temporal function on the basis of an elapsed time from a predetermined point in time. On the basis of the generated at least one control signal, at least one parameter of a receiver unit may be adjusted during the travel time of the optical pulse, wherein the at least one parameter affects the dynamic range of the receiver unit. In this way, the dynamic range of the receiver unit may be increased. A method is further disclosed for operating such an optical device, along with a distance measuring device including such an optical device and a surveying instrument including such a distance measuring device.06-07-2012
20110157579Distance-measuring device with increased signal-to-noise ratio and method thereof - A method of increasing signal-to-noise ratio of a distance-measuring device includes a light-emitting component emitting a detecting light to a measured object during an emitting period for generating a reflected light, a delay period after the light-emitting component emitting the detecting light, a light-sensing component sensing the energy of the reflected light to generate a light-sensing signal, and obtaining a measured distance between the distance-measuring device and the measured object according to the energy of the detecting light and the light-sensing signal. Since the measured distance is longer than a predetermined shortest measured distance, the method can accordingly calculate a proper delay period for ensuring that the reflected light reaches the light-sensing component after the delay period. In this way, the light-sensing component does not sense the background light during the delay period, so that the signal-to-noise ratio of the light-sensing signal is improved.06-30-2011
20080246943Laser radar projection with object feature detection and ranging - A 3D pulsed laser projection system scans an object to produce a dense 3D point cloud and projects a laser light beam onto an object as a glowing template. A high-sensitivity optical feedback system receives and detects a feedback beam of the output beam light diffusely reflected from the object. The feedback light and projected beam share the same beam path between steering mirrors and the object. A light suppression component controls stray scattered light, including ambient light, from being detected. A time-of-flight measurement subsystem provides a distance-to-object measurement for projected pulses. An acousto-optical modulator, variable gain detected signal amplification and variable photo-detector power together produce a dynamic range for detected reflected feedback signals of at least 100,000, and up to 500,000. Optical fiber cables spatially filter scattered light and isolate the photo-detectors thermally. The laser is preferably pulsed at least 50 kHz, with sampling of the projected and feedback reflected optical pulse signals at a sampling rate of up to 10 gigasamples per second.10-09-2008
20130176550IMAGE SENSOR, IMAGE SENSING METHOD, AND IMAGE PHOTOGRAPHING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE IMAGE SENSOR - An image sensor includes a pixel array sensing a plurality of modulation signals having different phases from the reflected light and outputting pixel output signals corresponding to the plurality of modulation signals, a depth information calculation unit for estimating a delay between the output light and the reflected light from images formed from the pixel output signals and calculating depth information regarding the object, and an integration time register. When integration times corresponding to the images used to calculate the depth information in the depth information calculation unit are different from each other, the integration time register obtains a gain corresponding to a difference between the integration times and the depth information calculation unit applies the gain to images having different integration times.07-11-2013
20080218729APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR MEASURING DISTANCE USING A LASER BEAM - A laser distance measuring apparatus which measures a turnaround time after emitting a laser beam outputted from a laser diode to a target until receiving the laser beam reflected by the target by a light receiving module via a band-pass filter to calculate a distance to the target, includes temperature control module for adjusting a temperature of the laser diode; level detecting module for detecting a level of the reflected laser beam received via the band-pass filter; main control module for outputting a temperature control signal to the temperature control module so that the level is kept in a predetermined range.09-11-2008
20100053594SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING CROSSTALK IN AN AVALANCHE PHOTODIODE DETECTOR ARRAY - A method of fabricating a photodiode detector array is provided. The method facilitates a reduction in secondary photon emission detection by the photodiode detector array. The method includes fabricating an array of active regions, wherein the array of active regions comprises a plurality of active regions. The method also includes positioning a passivation region in optical paths between the active regions. The passivation region includes at least one of a photon-absorbing material and a trench.03-04-2010
20130148101TECHNIQUE FOR DISPLAYING SHAPE OF ROAD SURFACE AND METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed is a technique for displaying a shape of a road surface in front of a vehicle. The technique includes a beam emitter that emits one or more beams onto a predetermined layer toward a road surface in front of a vehicle. A beam receiver receives the one or more beams reflected from each layer after emitting the beams from the beam emitter, and a distance calculator calculates the distance to each layer respectively based on the amount of time that it takes for the one or more beams emitted from the beam emitter to be reflected. A shape determinator determines the shape of the road surface using a relationship between the distances of each layer and a display unit displays the shape of the road surface accordingly.06-13-2013
20130148102Method to Compensate for Errors in Time-of-Flight Range Cameras Caused by Multiple Reflections - Due to their parallel illumination and acquisition for all the pixels, today's state-of-the-art time-of-flight (TOF) range cameras suffer from erroneous measurements caused by multiple reflections in the scene. The invention proposes to compensate for the multi-path fusing the results obtained by applying two spatially different illumination schemes, typically one to achieve highest possible lateral resolution and for the second one structuring the emitted light and by doing so lowering the lateral resolution but limiting the impact of multiple reflections.06-13-2013
20110235019LIGHT SCANNING APPARATUS AND SEPARATION DISTANCE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS - A light scanning apparatus including a light source for emitting light in a direction different from a direction orthogonal to the reference direction, and a rotating reflection body that rotates about an axis inclined at an inclination angle φ to the reference direction and includes at least one reflecting surface that is disposed in a direction intersecting obliquely with the axis and reflects light incident on the reflecting surface at an incident angle θ. A specific scanning direction is a direction intersecting at an angle to the reference direction and the rotation axis inclination angle φ≠0°. The inclination angle φ is predetermined according to the incident angle θ such that deviation of the scanning beam reflected by the reflecting surface is smaller than the deviation of the scanning beam that would be obtained with the inclination angle φ of the rotation axis 0°.09-29-2011
20110235018SCANNING-TYPE DISTANCE MEASURING APPARATUS - A scanning-type distance measuring apparatus includes: an optical system 09-29-2011
20110255072Compact economical lidar system - A lidar pulse is time resolved in ways that avoid costly, fragile, bulky, high-voltage vacuum devices—and also costly, awkward optical remappers or pushbroom layouts—to provide preferably 3D volumetric imaging from a single pulse, or full-3D volumetric movies. Delay lines or programmed circuits generate time-resolution sweep signals, ideally digital. Preferably, discrete 2D photodiode and transimpedance-amplifier arrays replace a continuous 1D streak-tube cathode. For each pixel a memory-element array forms range bins. An intermediate optical buffer with low, well-controlled capacitance avoids corruption of input signal by these memories.10-20-2011
20120274921LASER RANGEFINDER - A laser rangefinder includes a laser emitter for emitting parallel laser beams, a micro electro mechanical system reflector including a plurality of micro reflecting units and configured for reflecting the parallel laser beams toward different points on an object, a micro electro mechanical system photoreceiver configured for receiving the laser beams reflected by and from the different points on the object, a time interval counter configured for recording the time intervals between a first time when the laser emitter emitting the parallel laser beams and second times when the laser beams are received by the micro electro mechanical system photoreceiver, and a processor configured for calculating the distances to the different points of the object based on the time intervals.11-01-2012
20110304842TIME OF FLIGHT SYSTEM CAPABLE OF INCREASING MEASUREMENT ACCURACY, SAVING POWER AND/OR INCREASING MOTION DETECTION RATE AND METHOD THEREOF - A light source is used for emitting an invisible light toward an object. The object reflects the invisible light and reflected light is formed, and a sensor is used for receiving the reflected light. A processor is coupled to the sensor for recording a time interval of the invisible light traveling from the light source to the object and reflected from the object to the sensor. Then, the processor estimates a measurement distance of the object according to the time interval, and adjusts an emission period of the light source, an exposure period of the sensor, intensity of the invisible light, and/or main sensing range of the sensor according to the measurement distance.12-15-2011
20110310377DISTANCE MEASURING APPARATUS AND DISTANCE MEASURING METHOD - A distance measuring apparatus and a distance measuring method that enable high-precision and high-speed measurement by canceling variations of a delay circuit in the distance measuring apparatus are provided. In the apparatus and the method, light emitted by a light source section 12-22-2011
20130114064SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE DESIGN FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT SYSTEM HAVING REDUCED DIFFERENTIAL PIXEL SIZE, AND TIME-OF-FLIGHT SYSTEMS SO DESIGNED - Embodiments of the present invention provide methods to produce a high performance, feature rich TOF system, phase-based or otherwise using small TOF pixels, single-ended or preferably differential, as well as TOF systems so designed. IC chip area required for pixels is reduced by intelligently off-loading or removing from within the pixel certain components and/or functionality. In some embodiments during a single TOF system capture period, analog values from each pixel are repeatedly sampled and converted to digital values, which are combined and manipulated on the sensor chip. Combining this plurality of values enables appropriately compact data from the sensor chip. Embodiments of the present invention implement a TOF system with high ambient light resilience, high dynamic range, low motion blur and dealiasing support, while advantageously reducing pixel area size relative to prior art TOF pixels.05-09-2013
20090128798COHERENT OPTICAL RANGE FINDER - A coherent range measurement system includes a detector optical arrangement defining a current optical field of view and an illumination subsystem configured for transmitting pulses of coherent illumination at different times along each of a plurality of directions within the current optical field of view without moving parts. A detection arrangement is configured to direct part of the transmitted pulses and a reflected signal from each of the directions onto a common detector. The output of the detector is processed by a processing system to derive range data associated with each of the directions by coherent detection of the reflected signals employing the part of the transmitted pulses as a local oscillator.05-21-2009
20120075615PULSED LIGHT OPTICAL RANGEFINDER - An optical rangefinder based on time-of-flight measurement, radiates pulsed light toward an object (03-29-2012
20120086933EVALUATION DEVICE, MEASURING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR PATH LENGTH MEASUREMENT AND MEASURING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A COORDINATE MEASURING DEVICE AND COORDINATE MEASURING DEVICE - An evaluation device for path length measurement configured to evaluate a measured signal representing an intensity of a sequence of pulses of electromagnetic radiation, particularly a sequence of light pulses, as a function of time, after the sequence has traveled through a path length to be measured. The sequence of light pulses is generated with a repetition rate by a radiation source, particularly a light source. The evaluation device is configured to evaluate a first component of the measured signal, which oscillates with a first frequency, and a second component of the measured signal, which the second component oscillates with a second frequency that is greater than the first frequency. The first frequency may correspond to the repetition rate or a multiple of the repetition rate. The second frequency may correspond to another multiple of the repetition rate.04-12-2012
20120086932HIGH RESOLUTION TIME-OF-FLIGHT DISTANCE MEASUREMENT DEVICE BASED ON FEMTOSECOND LASER - Disclosed is a high resolution time-of-flight distance measurement device based on a femtosecond laser, including a femtosecond laser light source, a polarization beam splitter, a balanced optical cross-correlator in which second harmonic pulses are generated using reference light and measurement light, wherein the second harmonic pulse that was primarily generated is incident on a first photodetector and the second harmonic pulse that was secondarily generated is incident on a second photodetector, so that a difference in intensity of the second harmonic pulses is output, thus resolving the time interval of the pulse laser, a controller for controlling the repetition rate of the femtosecond laser, and a converter for measuring the repetition rate of the femtosecond laser controlled so that the pulses uniformly overlap by means of the controller, using a frequency counter traceable to a time/frequency standard, so that a measured value is converted into distance information.04-12-2012

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