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348 - Television

348207990 - CAMERA, SYSTEM AND DETAIL

348294000 - Solid-state image sensor

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
348308000 Including switching transistor and photocell at each pixel site (e.g., "MOS-type" image sensor) 463
348306000 Charge injection device (CID) 6
348303000 With charge transfer type output register 3
20090290057SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE CAPABLE OF PARALLEL READING OF DATA FROM A PLURALITY OF PIXEL CELLS - A solid state imaging device has a pixel region composed of a matrix of pixel cells each including a photodiode and a charge storage portion. First and second output signal lines are in parallel and adjacent to both the charge storage portions of a first pixel cell and a second pixel cells that are adjacent on a same column. A signal voltage of a signal charge in the charge storage portion of the first pixel cell is output to the first output signal line, whereas a signal voltage of a signal charge in the charge storage portion of the second pixel cell is output to the second output signal line. The respective outputs to the first and second output signal lines are processed in parallel. A conductive layer is disposed between the charge storage portion of the first pixel cell and the second output signal line to suppress capacitive coupling.11-26-2009
20080204585IMAGE SENSOR WITH VARIABLE RESOLUTION AND SENSITIVITY - A charge-coupled device image sensor includes (a) a two-dimensional array of pixels having a plurality of rows and columns, the two-dimensional array includes: (i) a plurality of gates arranged as a charge-coupled device; wherein the array further includes a plurality of charge-coupled devices that are arranged to be clocked by one or more common timing signals; (ii) a transition region, electrically connected to the array, having a first and second row of gates in which the second row is electrically mated into a plurality of first and second pairs of gates in which first pairs of gates are clocked by a first common timing signal and second pairs of gates are clocked by a second common timing signal; wherein the first row of gates are all clocked with a third common timing signal; and (b) a horizontal shift register adjacent the second row of gates for receiving charge from the second row of gates.08-28-2008
20080198252SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME - A shift gate is arranged to be adjacent to a pixel column including a plurality of photosensitive pixels. The shift gate controls a storage time of a signal charge generated in the photosensitive pixels based on a shift pulse signal. The signal charge generated in the photosensitive pixels is transferred to an analog shift register via the shift gate. The analog shift register has a plurality of transfer stages independently driven using a plurality of drive signals. The signal charge generated in the photosensitive pixels is successively transferred by the transfer stages, and detected by an output unit provided at an end portion of the analog shift register so that an output signal is converted. The analog shift register makes an addition of the signal charges in accordance with drive signals when the transfer stages transfer the signal charges.08-21-2008
348307000 Photosensitive switching transistors or "static induction" transistors 3
20110128428SENSOR DEVICE, METHOD OF DRIVING SENSOR ELEMENT, DISPLAY DEVICE WITH INPUT FUNCTION, ELECTRONIC UNIT AND RADIATION IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - A sensor device includes sensor elements two-dimensionally arranged and a sensor driving section driving the sensor elements. Each of the sensor elements includes a photoelectric conversion element generating electric charge according to an amount of received light, a charge storage section connected to one end of the photoelectric conversion element and storing electric charge generated by the photoelectric conversion element, a readout section reading either a voltage value resulted from the electric charge in the charge storage section or the stored electric charge, to output the read voltage value or the read electric charge and a reset section resetting the electric charge in the charge storage section through supplying a predetermined reset voltage to the charge storage section. The sensor driving section controls the reset section so that the predetermined reset voltage is continuously or intermittently supplied to the charge storage section over a period exceeding one horizontal scan period.06-02-2011
20130128087Methods and Apparatus for Super-Resolution in Integral Photography - Methods and apparatus for super-resolution in integral photography are described. Several techniques are described that, alone or in combination, may improve the super-resolution process and/or the quality of super-resolved images that may be generated from flats captured with a focused plenoptic camera using a super-resolution algorithm. At least some of these techniques involve modifications to the focused plenoptic camera design. In addition, at least some of these techniques involve modifications to the super-resolution rendering algorithm. The techniques may include techniques for reducing the size of pixels, techniques for shifting pixels relative to each other so that super-resolution is achievable at more or all depths of focus, and techniques for sampling using an appropriate filter or kernel. These techniques may, for example, reduce or eliminate the need to perform deconvolution on a super-resolved image, and may improve super-resolution results and/or increase performance.05-23-2013
20090115878Method, system and apparatus to boost pixel floating diffusion node voltage - A method, apparatus and system providing a pixel within an imaging device in which a separate power source is used for resetting a floating diffusion node from a power source used for pixel operating power.05-07-2009
348304000 With charge transfer type selecting register 2
20110199524IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS, IMAGING SYSTEM, AND IMAGING SENSING APPARATUS DRIVING METHOD - An image sensing apparatus includes a pixel array including an optical black region and effective pixel region, and a scanning unit which scans the pixel array. The scanning unit includes a first shift register which scans the optical black region by a shift operation, and a second shift register which scans the effective pixel region by a shift operation. The second shift register starts the shift operation during a first period when the first shift register scans the optical black region, and scans a readout region serving as a partial region of the effective pixel region during a second period following the first period.08-18-2011
20090109312IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS, IMAGING SYSTEM, AND IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS DRIVING METHOD - An image sensing apparatus includes a pixel array including an optical black region and effective pixel region, and a scanning unit which scans the pixel array. The scanning unit includes a first shift register which scans the optical black region by a shift operation, and a second shift register which scans the effective pixel region by a shift operation. The second shift register starts the shift operation during a first period when the first shift register scans the optical black region, and scans a readout region serving as a partial region of the effective pixel region during a second period following the first period.04-30-2009
348305000 With interlacing 2
20090153712INTEGRATED IMAGE CAPTURE AND PROJECTION SYSTEM - An integrated system comprises a light valve and an image sensor for image display and image capture. The image sensor and the light valve share a common dual-function lens by positioning the light valve and image sensor at locations offset from the optical axis of the dual-function lens.06-18-2009
20100238334SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging device includes a plurality of pixels, each of which includes a photoelectric converter section formed on a first substrate to generate and accumulate signal charges corresponding to incident light, a charge accumulation capacitor section formed on the first substrate or a second substrate to temporarily hold the signal charges transferred from the photoelectric converter section, and a plurality of MOS transistors formed on the second substrate to transfer the signal charges accumulated in the charge accumulation capacitor section, connection electrodes formed on the first substrate, and connection electrodes formed on the second substrate and electrically connected to the connection electrodes formed on the first substrate.09-23-2010
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130044248Integrated Circuit and Sensor for Imaging - New sensors and different embodiments of multi-channel integrated circuit are provided. The new high energy and spatial resolution sensors use both solid state and scintillator detectors. Each channel of the readout chip employs low noise charge sensitive preamplifier(s) at its input followed by other circuitry. The different embodiments of the sensors and the integrated circuit are designed to produce high energy and/or spatial resolution two-dimensional and three-dimensional imaging for widely different applications. Some of these applications may require fast data acquisition, some others may need ultra high energy resolution, and a separate portion may require very high contrast. The embodiments described herein addresses all these issues and also other issues that may be useful in two and three dimensional medical and industrial imaging. The applications of the new sensors and integrated circuits addresses a broad range of applications such as medical and industrial imaging, NDE and NDI, security, baggage scanning, astrophysics, nuclear physics and medicine.02-21-2013
20090219423Solid-state imaging device, electronic camera - A solid-state imaging device includes a plurality of pixels disposed in a two-dimensional array that individually output analog pixel signals corresponding to amounts of light received thereat, a vertical scanning circuit that selects a pixel row, vertical signal lines each installed in correspondence to a pixel column, through which the pixel signals output from pixels belonging to the row selected by the vertical scanning circuit are transmitted, a horizontal scanning circuit that selects a plurality of pixel columns simultaneously, a composition circuit that combines pixel signals corresponding to the columns selected simultaneously by the horizontal scanning circuit, among the pixel signals output to the vertical signal lines, a first conversion circuit that converts the analog composite pixel signal generated at the composition circuit to a digital signal and a horizontal signal line through which the pixel signal digitized at the first conversion circuit is transmitted.09-03-2009
20100149393INCREASING THE RESOLUTION OF COLOR SUB-PIXEL ARRAYS - Increasing the resolution of digital imagers is disclosed by sampling an image using diagonally oriented color sub-pixel arrays, and creating missing pixels from the sampled image data. A first method maps the diagonal color imager pixels to every other orthogonal display pixel. The missing display pixels can be computed by interpolating data from adjacent color imager pixels, and averaging color information from neighboring display pixels. This averaging can be done either by weighting the surrounding pixels equally, or by applying weights to the surrounding pixels based on intensity information. A second method utilizes the captured color imager sub-pixel data instead of interpolation. Missing color pixels for orthogonal displays can be obtained directly from the sub-pixel arrays formed between the row color pixels in the imager.06-17-2010
20110187907Duty correction circuit, delay locked loop circuit, column a/d converter, solid-state imaging device and camera system - A duty correction circuit includes: a C-element including a first input and a second input; and an inverter connected to the second input of the C-element, wherein the C-element obtains an output of a logic “1” when both inputs are the logic “1”, obtains an output of a logic “0” when both inputs are the logic “0”, and maintains the output to a previous state in other conditions, and complementary clocks having a phase difference of an approximately half cycle are inputted to the first input of the C-element and the inverter respectively.08-04-2011
20110194006SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS - A solid-state image pickup apparatus includes a storage, first and second common lines, a first block line that is disposed between the storage and the first common line and receives a signal from an odd-numbered column, a second block line that is disposed between the storage and the second common line and receives a signal from an even-numbered column, first switches for controlling connections between the storage and the first block line, second switches for controlling connections between the storage and the second block line, first control lines for the first switches, second control lines for the second switches, a first lead line for transmitting a signal from the first block line to the first common line, a second lead line for transmitting a signal from the second block line to the second common line, and a scanning unit for supplying pulses to the first and second control lines.08-11-2011
20080284887SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND CAMERA - A solid-state imaging device comprises a pixel array including a plurality of pixels arranged in rows and columns, and a readout unit operable to read out pixel signals of the pixels included in the pixel array row by row. The readout unit (i) reads out pixel signals of a row of pixels in column order of the pixel array during a horizontal readout period, except during a readout-standby period that is within the horizontal readout period, and (ii) suspends reading out the pixel signals of the row of pixels in the column order during the readout-standby period.11-20-2008
20090122172SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging apparatus includes: a pixel region including a plurality of pixels, each including a photoelectric conversion element, arranged in matrix, and a reset switch for discharging electric charge of the photoelectric conversion element; and a first scanning circuit for supplying a reset control signal for controlling an operation of the reset switch, the pixel region and the first scanning circuit being formed on a semiconductor substrate, in which the pixel region includes a first pixel region and a second pixel region, and the first scanning circuit includes a first decoder for controlling the operation of the reset switch arranged in the first pixel region, and a second decoder for controlling the operation of the reset switch arranged in the second pixel region.05-14-2009
20100118172IMAGE SENSORS HAVING GRATINGS FOR COLOR SEPARATION - An image sensor includes an array of pixels comprising a plurality of kernels that repeat periodically and each kernel includes n photosensitive regions for collecting charge in response to light, n is equal to or greater than 2; and a transparent layer spanning the photosensitive regions having n optical paths, at least two of which are different, wherein each optical path directs light of a predetermined spectral band into specific photosensitive regions.05-13-2010
20100118173Method and apparatus for controlling charge transfer in CMOS sensors with an implant by the transfer gate - An improved CMOS sensor integrated circuit is disclosed, along with methods of making the circuit and computer readable description' s of the circuit.05-13-2010
20130083226MULTIPLE IMAGE HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGING FROM A SINGLE SENSOR ARRAY - A single array of image sensors is used to obtain a plurality of different images at different levels of admitted exposure light from a common source level of exposure light. More particularly, first and second matrices of light-admitting elements are deployed in a single camera and disposed relative to focal lens light in front of corresponding first and second matrices of light-sensitive image sensors that are arrayed in a singular focal plane array in the camera and react equally to equal levels of color image information. The respective matrices of light-admitting elements transmit color image information from exposed focal lens light at different levels of brightness to their corresponding matrices of light-sensitive image sensors, wherein first and second images are acquired at the respective different levels of brightness from the respective matrices of the image sensors, and pixel data from the images combined to produce an HDR image.04-04-2013
20130038768SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - A solid-state image pickup device includes pixels diagonally arranged, each including a photoelectric conversion unit and a plurality of transistors and wiring extending in the vertical and horizontal directions which is diagonally arranged around the photoelectric conversion unit in each of the pixels so that at least one portion of the wiring is arranged along at least one side of the photoelectric conversion unit.02-14-2013
20090231479Image Sensor ADC and CDS per Column - A solid state imager converts analog pixel values to digital form on an arrayed per-column basis. A counter is coupled to an N-bit DAC to produce an analog ramp that varies corresponding to the contents of the counter. A ripple counter is associated with each respective column. A clock or a source of counts at a predetermined sequence supplies clock signals or counts to the counter elements. Column comparators gate the counter elements when the analog ramp equals the pixel value. The counter contents feed a video output bus to produce the digital video signal. Additional black-level readout counters elements can create and store a black level digital value that is subtracted from the pixel value to reduce fixed pattern noise. The counters may employ two's complement arithmetic. An additional array of buffer counter/latches can be employed. Ripple counters can be configured as counters to capture the digital video level, and then as shift registers to clock out the video levels to an output bus. The clock pulses or counts for the DAC counter and for the ripple counters can be at the same or different rates.09-17-2009
20130027596COLOR IMAGING USING TIME-MULTIPLEXED LIGHT SOURCES AND MONOCHROME IMAGE SENSORS WITH MULTI-STORAGE-NODE PIXELS - Electronic devices may include monochrome image sensors having multi-storage-node image sensor pixels. A multi-storage-node image pixel may be synchronized with artificial light sources of different colors and may include a floating diffusion region and multiple storage regions. The image pixels may be sequentially exposed to each light color and may store charge associated with each color in each of the different storage regions. After exposure, the stored charge may be transferred to the floating diffusion region and subsequently read out using readout circuitry. The image pixel may have one set of storage gates that can perform both storage and transfer functions. Alternatively, the image pixel may have a first set of transfer gates for transferring charge to the storage regions and a second set of transfer gates for transferring charge from the storage regions to the floating diffusion region.01-31-2013
20130027595SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND AD-CONVERSION OUTPUT BIT COUNT CONTROL METHOD - Disclosed herein is a solid-state imaging apparatus including: a pixel array section having pixels laid out two-dimensionally to form a matrix to serve as pixels each used for detecting a physical quantity; an AD conversion section, which stands for an Analog to Digital conversion section, configured to carry out an AD conversion process on an analog pixel signal read out from the pixel array section; and a control section configured to control the AD conversion section on the basis of register values stored in a register, wherein in accordance with a clock frequency used for processing the pixel signal, the control section sets output bit count information expressed by one of the register values to serve as information used for setting an output bit count for the AD conversion process.01-31-2013
20130033631SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND IMAGING DEVICE - There is provided a solid-state imaging device including pixels configured to convert an electromagnetic wave into charge and output a signal corresponding a charge amount; and a pixel unit in which the pixels are two-dimensionally arranged, and a configuration of a part for converting the electromagnetic wave into the charge is the same in adjacent pixels, but a relation between the charge amount and a signal amount is allowed to differ between the adjacent pixels.02-07-2013
20130070141SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, METHOD FOR DRIVING SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging device comprising a plurality of unit pixels each comprising (a) a photoelectric conversion element operative to generate a charge in response to incident light, (b) a first storage element in which the charge generated by the photoelectric conversion element is stored and (c) a second storage element in which a charge based on the charge stored in the first storage element is stored, wherein, for each pixel, the second storage element is located at an opposite side of a light receiving surface of the photoelectric conversion element.03-21-2013
20130070140IMAGE SENSORS WITH MULTIPLE LENSES OF VARYING POLARIZATIONS - An electronic device may have a camera module. The camera module may include a camera sensor divided into two or more regions. The various regions of the camera sensor may include lenses that filter different polarizations of incident light. As one example, a first half of the camera sensor may include a lens that passes unpolarized light to the first half of the camera sensor, while a second half of the camera sensor may include a lens that passes light of a particular polarization to the second half of the camera sensor. If desired, the camera sensor may include microlenses over individual image sensing pixels. Some of the microlenses may select for particular polarizations of incident light. The electronic device may include a component that emits structured or polarized light and the camera sensor may have lenses that are mapped to the light emitted by the component.03-21-2013
20130070137IMAGING SYSTEMS WITH CONFORMAL IMAGE BUFFERS - Imaging systems may be provided with image sensors for capturing images. An image sensor may include storage and processing circuitry having a conformal image buffer to be used in performing various types of image transformations on captured input images. The storage and processing circuitry may perform the image transformations, in part, by storing a portion of a captured input image in the conformal image buffer. A conformal image buffer may include a buffer for storing input image pixel values specific to various types of image transformations and memory for storing a pixel buffer lookup table. The pixel buffer lookup table may be used by the storage and processing circuitry to determine which input image pixel values should be stored in the conformal image buffer for each type of image transformation and to provide random read access to the stored input image pixel values in the conformal image buffer.03-21-2013
20130070139IMAGE SENSOR WITH FLEXIBLE INTERCONNECT CAPABILITIES - Electronic devices may include image sensors having configurable image sensor pixel interconnections. Image sensors may include image sensor pixels coupled to analog circuitry via configurable interconnect circuitry. The analog circuitry may include many analog circuit blocks. The analog circuit blocks may control and read out signals from associated image sensor pixels. The configurable interconnect circuitry may be controlled to reroute the connections between the analog circuit blocks and specific groups of image sensor pixels. Digital circuitry may be coupled to the analog circuitry via configurable interconnect circuitry. The digital circuitry may include digital circuit blocks. There may be significantly more image pixels controlled by a small number of analog circuit blocks, which are in turn controlled by a smaller number of digital circuit blocks. The image sensor pixel array, the configurable interconnect circuitry, the analog circuitry, and the digital circuitry may be vertically stacked.03-21-2013
20130070138Number Of Pixels In Detector Arrays Using Compressive Sensing - A method and apparatus using the techniques of compressive sensing, which has so far been applied mostly to improving a single-pixel detector into an effectively N-pixel detector, for improving a P-pixel detector array into an effectively P×N-pixel detector array.03-21-2013
20130088627ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER, PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE, AND IMAGING SYSTEM - A photoelectric conversion device includes a counter circuit configured to count a first clock signal to output a count signal thereof, a second clock signal generation unit configured to generate a second clock signal based on the first clock signal, and a clock synchronization unit configured to output a count start signal in synchronization with the second clock signal, wherein the counter circuit performs a counting operation in response to the count start signal synchronized with the second clock signal.04-11-2013
20090303365SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS, DRIVING METHOD THEREOF AND IMAGING SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging apparatus includes: a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements arranged in a matrix and converting light into electric carriers; a transfer gate for transferring the electric carriers generated by the conversion to a floating node; a first transistor for amplifying a signal based on a voltage of the floating node and for outputting the amplified signal to a column signal line; and a second transistor for resetting the voltage of the floating node, wherein the solid-state imaging apparatus includes a transfer unit for combining signals from the column signal lines, based on the voltage of the floating nodes after the reset of the floating nodes by the second transistor, wherein outputting a signal based on the combined signals from the column signal lines based on the voltage of the floating nodes, for detecting a flicker of an imaging light source.12-10-2009
20090303364SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging apparatus comprises first accumulation units, of which number is n, holding a digital value of n-bits output from a counter, second accumulation units, of which number is n, holding the digital value of n-bits transferred from the first accumulation units, of which number is n, and an A/D converter writing the digital value of n-bits from the counter based on an image signal generated by pixels into the first accumulation units, of which number is n, wherein correspondingly to each column of the pixels, the first accumulation unit of m-th bit (1≦m≦n) and the second accumulation unit of m-th bit (1≦m≦n) are arranged and paired, and the pairs of which number is n are arranged in a direction along the column of pixels.12-10-2009
20130057743SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging device includes: a pixel unit in which a plurality of pixels are arranged in a matrix pattern; and a pixel signal read-out unit including an AD conversion unit performing AD conversion of a pixel signal read out from the pixel unit, wherein each pixel included in the pixel unit includes division pixels divided into regions in which photosensitivity levels or electric charge accumulating amounts are different from one another, wherein the pixel signal reading unit includes a normal read-out mode and a multiple read-out mode, and wherein the AD conversion unit acquires a pixel signal of one pixel by adding the division pixel signals read out in accordance with the read-out mode while performing AD conversion for the division pixel signals.03-07-2013
20130057742SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME - A solid-state imaging apparatus includes a plurality of pixels arranged two-dimensionally in a matrix, a reference signal generating circuit adapted to generate a ramp signal, a counter circuit adapted to perform a counting operation according to output of the ramp signal, comparators arranged on a column by column basis and adapted to compare signals read out of the pixels with the ramp signal, and memories arranged on a column by column basis and adapted to store digital data, wherein if output of the comparator is not changed during an AD conversion period, digital data of a predetermined value is stored in the memory. The solid-state imaging apparatus implements overflow handling using a simplified circuit configuration.03-07-2013
20110013065SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND DRIVING METHOD THEREFOR - For inhibiting blooming, a solid-state imaging apparatus comprises a photoelectric conversion unit for generating and accumulating an electric charge according to an incident light; a floating diffusion for accumulating electric charges; a transfer transistor for transferring electric charges accumulated in the photoelectric conversion unit to the floating diffusion unit; a reset transistor for resetting a voltage according to electric charges accumulated in the floating diffusion unit; and a drive circuit for intermittently applying to a gate of the transfer transistor a pulse having a first potential which is intermediate between a transfer potential for transferring electric charges and a non-transfer potential for disabling transfer of electric charges and applying to a gate of the reset transistor a second potential lower than the potential of the pulse for resetting voltage of the floating diffusion unit and higher than the first potential, during accumulation of electric charges in the photoelectric conversion unit.01-20-2011
20090268071IMAGE SENSOR WITH SCALER AND IMAGE SCALING METHOD THEREOF - An image sensor is wieldy used in many fields, including medical field and security device. Specifically, the image sensor is most widely used in digital camera and mobile phone. The digital camera and the mobile phone requires capture image of higher resolution and higher quality. However, a preview size of the mobile phone or digital camera requires a small size because of a display limitation. Therefore, a function of reducing an image size or magnifying a specific portion of the picture is essential in the image sensor. Accordingly, there is provided an image sensor with a scaler. The image sensor with the scaler can arbitrarily adjust a size of an image without any additional scaling chip.10-29-2009
20130063639SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND IMAGING SYSTEM USING THE SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - It is an object of the present invention to provide a solid-state imaging apparatus that outputs digital signals at high speed. A solid-state imaging apparatus is provided that includes plural analog-to-digital converters that convert analog signals obtained by photoelectric conversion into digital signals, plural digital memories that store the digital signals converted by the analog-to-digital converters, plural block digital output lines that are provided to correspond to blocks of the plural digital memories and to which the digital signals stored in the plural digital memories included in the blocks are output, a common digital output line that outputs the digital signals output from the plural block digital output lines, buffer circuits that buffer the digital signals output from the block digital output lines, and block selecting units that can switch the block digital output lines electrically connected to the common digital output line.03-14-2013
20130063638IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE AND EVALUATION VALUE GENERATING DEVICE - An image pickup device may include an image capturing unit that includes a solid-state image pickup device having a plurality of pixels arrayed in a matrix form, the image capturing unit sequentially outputting a plurality of image capturing signals each of which corresponds to one of a plurality of pixel signals output from the solid-state image pickup device, and an evaluation value generating unit to which the plurality of image capturing signals output from the image capturing unit are sequentially input, the evaluation value generating unit generating an evaluation value based on the input image capturing signals. The evaluation value generating unit may include a horizontal decimation unit, a vertical decimation unit, a vertical evaluation value generating unit, and a horizontal evaluation value generating unit.03-14-2013
20130063640SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE - A solid-state imaging device 03-14-2013
20120194720SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BINNING PIXELS - An imager may be configured to perform pixel binning on captured images. Pixel binning may be performed by forming groups of pixels and combining sampled values from the pixels in each group. The sampled values from the pixels may be combined by assigning weights to each pixel, scaling the sampled values by the corresponding weights, and summing the scaled values. The groups of pixels and pixel weights may be selected to produce binned images with even spatial distribution. The pixel binning operation may be performed by processing circuitry that receives captured image data from the imager. The pixel binning operation may also be separated into a horizontal binning step and a vertical binning step that are performed by image readout circuitry during image readout. During the horizontal binning step, pixels of a particular row may be combined. During the vertical binning step, pixel rows may be combined.08-02-2012
20090244343ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE DETECTING ELEMENT - The present invention is to provide an electromagnetic wave detecting element that can suppress the trapping of charges in a semiconductor layer. Plural lower electrodes, which collect charges generated in the semiconductor layer, are each provided to cover at least a portion in a length direction and the entire region in a width direction of a scan line adjacent thereto, and the lower electrodes are disposed at positions at which the scan lines are provided.10-01-2009
20090046187Solid-state imaging device - A solid-state imaging device includes a pixel array area having pixels including photoelectric transducers arranged as an array; signal lines wired for every pixel column in the pixel array area; and a plurality of noise reducers provided for the corresponding signal lines. Each of the noise reducers includes a first capacitor, one end of which is connected to the signal line; a first switch element, an input port of which is connected to the other end of the first capacitor; a second capacitor connected between an output port of the first switch element and a reference voltage; and a clamping element for clamping the voltage of a connecting node between the output port of the first switch element and the second capacitor to a predetermined voltage. The first capacitor is shared among the plurality of noise reducers.02-19-2009
20100066880MICROCHIP AND METHOD FOR CELL SORTING - [Problems] To provide a microchip for cell sorting to obtain the desired cell from a number of cells quickly and accurately by combining the advantages from both methods using the optical tweezer and the liquid supply to the micro channel.03-18-2010
20120268634IMAGE SENSOR AND IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS - An image sensor comprising a plurality of image sensing pixel groups is provided. Each of the image sensing pixel groups has a plurality of first pixels each having photoelectric conversion portions arrayed in first and second directions for first and second numbers of divisions, respectively, and a plurality of second pixels each having photoelectric conversion portions arrayed in the first and second directions for third and fourth numbers of divisions, respectively. The photoelectric conversion portions comprising the first pixel and the second pixel have a function of photoelectrically converting a plurality of images formed by divided light fluxes of a light flux from an imaging optical system and outputting a focus detection signal for phase difference detection. The first and third numbers of division are coprime natural numbers, and the second and fourth numbers of divisions are coprime natural numbers.10-25-2012
20110211102LENS ARRAY - A lens array includes: a substrate in which a plurality of through holes are formed; and a plurality of lenses provided in the substrate by filling the plurality of through holes respectively. A protrusion portion that is opaque to an incident light is provided in the through hole as an aperture, which cuts off a light incident on parts except an opening portion. And, the protrusion portion extends from an inner wall of the through hole toward an optical axis of the lens in one planar surface, which is perpendicular to the optical axis of the lens buried in the through hole, to constitute the opening portion around the optical axis.09-01-2011
20120236190SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND CAMERA MODULE - According to one embodiment, a solid-state imaging device includes a pixel array and an infrared light eliminating portion. The pixel array has a plurality of pixel cells arranged as being array-shaped. The pixel array detects a signal level of each color light as being shared for each pixel cell. The infrared light eliminating portion eliminates infrared light from light proceeding toward a photoelectric conversion element. The infrared light eliminating portion is arranged for each pixel cell. The infrared light eliminating portion has selection wavelength being set in accordance with color light to be a detection target of the pixel cell.09-20-2012
20090290056IMAGE PICK-UP DEVICE - A image pick-up device includes a pseudo signal generating circuit which generates a pseudo video signal, a pseudo signal reading circuit which reads and outputs the pseudo signal from the pseudo signal generating circuit, and a level control circuit which controls the level of a signal outputted by the pseudo signal generating circuit or read into a pseudo signal reader. The image pick-up device can detect the property difference in signal lines.11-26-2009
20110279721IMAGER ARRAY INTERFACES - Architectures for imager arrays configured for use in array cameras in accordance with embodiments of the invention are described. One embodiment of the invention includes a plurality of focal planes, where each focal plane comprises a two dimensional arrangement of pixels having at least two pixels in each dimension and each focal plane is contained within a region of the imager array that does not contain pixels from another focal plane, control circuitry configured to control the capture of image information by the pixels within the focal planes, where the control circuitry is configured so that the capture of image information by the pixels in at least two of the focal planes is separately controllable, sampling circuitry configured to convert pixel outputs into digital pixel data, and output interface circuitry configured to transmit pixel data via an output interface.11-17-2011
20090213256SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND CAMERA - Disclosed is a solid-state imaging device which includes a group of elements, the group including at least color photoelectric conversion elements configured to convert light signals in first, second, and third wavelength ranges to electric signals, respectively, a white photoelectric conversion element configured to convert light signals in the wavelength range including the entire visible light range and a portion of the infrared light range to electric signals, and a light-shielded diode element configured to be shielded from light. A unit is formed by including the white photoelectric conversion element and the light-shielded diode element for one color photoelectric conversion element, and within the unit, the white photoelectric conversion element is electrically connected with the light-shielded diode element by way of an overflow path. A camera provided with the solid-state imaging device is also disclosed.08-27-2009
20090310002SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS - A frequency converting unit 12-17-2009
20120188429Sensing Pixel Arrays and Sensing Devices Using the Same - A sensing pixel array is provided and includes a plurality of pixels disposed in an array. Each pixel operates during an exposure period and a readout period and generates a readout signal. Each pixel includes a sensing unit and a sampling unit. The sensing unit senses light to generate a sensing signal during the exposure period. The sampling unit samples the sensing signal to generate a sensing output signal which serves as the readout signal during the readout period. During the exposure period, the sampling unit acts as a memory unit for storing an input signal and outputting an accessed output signal which serves as the readout signal.07-26-2012
20120105697ARRANGEMENT OF CIRCUITS IN PIXELS, EACH CIRCUIT SHARED BY A PLURALITY OF PIXELS, IN IMAGE SENSING APPRATUS - In an image sensing apparatus having a plurality of unit cells, each including a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements and a common circuit shared by the plurality of photoelectric conversion elements, arranged in either one or two dimensions, the plurality of photoelectric conversion elements are arranged at a predetermined interval.05-03-2012
20110285888IMAGE SENSING DEVICE - An image device is provided. The image device includes a photoelectric conversion film current detector, an offset current source, an integrator, and a sampling unit. The photoelectric conversion film current detector is coupled to the photoelectric conversion film through a capacitor and detects photoelectric conversion film current that flows as holes generated in the photoelectric conversion film combine with electrons supplied from the electron supply source array to the photoelectric conversion film. The offset current source generates an offset current and superimposes the offset current on the photoelectric conversion film current. The integrator performs time-integration of the photoelectric conversion film current on which the offset current has been superimposed to generate an integration signal. The sampling unit samples the integration signal in each of respective pixel periods of the pixel regions, in which electrons are supplied to the pixel regions, to generate an image signal.11-24-2011
20090278968SOLID STATE IMAGING APPARATUS, SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE DRIVING METHOD AND CAMERA - A solid state imaging apparatus includes a solid state imaging device and a control circuit for performing control such that a first clock signal applied to transfer signal charges for a time period from after a preceding signal charge has been read out from a light sensing unit to when the preceding signal charge is transferred to a horizontal transfer unit and a second clock signal applied for a time period from after the preceding signal charge has been transferred to the horizontal transfer unit to when a succeeding signal charge is read out from the light sensing unit have almost the same amplitude and a high level potential of the first clock signal is set higher than that of the second clock signal.11-12-2009
20090201404Method and Apparatus for Detecting Camera Sensor Intensity Saturation - A method for detecting intensity saturation of a light sensor includes monitoring an electrical signal from a light sensor for detecting an intensity saturation condition of at least one pixel of the light sensor, converting the electrical signal to a digital signal, imposing a reserved bit combination on the digital signal indicating the intensity saturation condition of the pixel, and transmitting a control signal in response to the digital signal to compensate for the intensity saturation condition of the pixel. Alternatively stated, the method includes monitoring pixel data from an output of a light sensor to determine a number of pixels at saturation and a number of pixels near saturation, comparing the number of pixels at saturation to a predetermined first threshold number, comparing the number of pixels near saturation to a predetermined second threshold number, reprogramming the light sensor to adapt to more brightness if the number of pixels at saturation is above the first threshold number, and reprogramming the light sensor to adapt to less brightness if the number of pixels near saturation is below the second threshold number. An apparatus for detecting intensity saturation of a light sensor includes a saturation detector for detecting and measuring an intensity saturation condition of at least one pixel of a light sensor, the intensity saturation condition of the pixel being at saturation upon receiving light with an intensity above a predetermined level, the saturation detector emitting a digital signal with a reserved bit combination indicating the intensity saturation condition of the pixel, and a processor receiving and processing the digital signal from the saturation detector and transmitting a control signal in response to the digital signal to compensate for the intensity saturation condition of the pixel.08-13-2009
20090244342Random Access Decoder - A random access decoder comprising a plurality of decoder circuit elements, each decoder circuit element having a unique electronic address and a binary data output, means for applying an input signal to each of the decoder circuit element and where each decoder circuit element places data on its binary data output only when the unique electronic address of a particular decoder circuit element matches the applied input signal and wherein the unique electronic address of each of the plurality of decoder circuit elements is electronically loaded into each of the decoder circuit elements. In one embodiment, each decoder circuit element comprises equivalent components electrically connected in the same arrangement.10-01-2009
20090002534Solid-state image capturing device, driving method of solid state image capturing device and electronic information device - A solid-state image capturing device for capturing a subject to generate and output an image signal is provided, in which a predetermined number of transfer gates applied with different driving signals are arranged adjacent to respective pixel sections, so that each light receiving section and the predetermined number of transfer gates in the vertical transfer section form each pixel, and a driving signal for a transfer gate is applied to the transfer gates in such a manner that adjacent pixels are included in a cycle of an arrangement pattern for transfer gates and accumulated charges in the adjacent pixels are simultaneously read out to a single transfer packet formed in a vertical transfer section.01-01-2009
20100091161Solid-state image sensor and imaging apparatus equipped with solid-state image sensor - A solid-state image sensor executing photoelectric conversion for a subject image includes: a plurality of pixels disposed in a two-dimensional pattern and each equipped with a photoelectric conversion unit that generates and stores an electrical charge, wherein: the plurality of pixels are each one of a first pixel and a second pixel; the plurality of pixels are divided into a plurality of pixel blocks; the pixel blocks each include m×n pixels with m pixels and n pixels among the plurality of pixels set respectively along a columnar direction and along a row direction; at least one of the pixels in each pixel block is the first pixel; color filters assuming a single color are disposed at first pixels belonging to a common pixel block; and at least one pixel in at least one pixel block among the plurality of pixel blocks is the second pixel.04-15-2010
20090190015Imaging device - The present invention relates to improved imaging devices having high dynamic range and to monitoring and automatic control systems incorporating the improved imaging devices.07-30-2009
20090160988DRIVE METHOD FOR SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, AND IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging device having: (a) a pixel array with an oblique pixel pattern in which pixels are obliquely disposed, an odd-numbered row vertical signal line in an odd-numbered row vertical signal line group being connected to each column of odd-numbered row pixels and an even-numbered row vertical signal line in an even-numbered row vertical signal line group being connected to each column of even-numbered row pixels; (b) a row selector for separately selecting an odd-numbered row and an even-numbered row of the oblique pixel pattern; (c) an odd-numbered row column processing circuit group including column processing circuits and connected to the odd-numbered row vertical signal line group, for adding signals of the odd-numbered row pixels between columns; (d) an even-numbered row column processing circuit group including column processing circuits and connected to the even-numbered row vertical signal line group, for adding signals of the even-numbered row pixels in pixel columns; and (d) a column selector for selecting the column processing circuits of the odd-numbered row column processing circuit group and the column processing circuits of the even-numbered row column processing circuit group.06-25-2009
20100079643Active Pixel Sensor With Reduced Fixed Pattern Noise - An image sensor includes pixels each of which is designed to transfer charge, accumulated in a photoactive region of the pixel during a first period, through a second active region of the pixel to a power supply node, and to transfer charge, accumulated in the photoactive region during a second period, through the second active region to a sense node in the pixel. Passing charge through the second active region prior to transferring it either to the power supply node or the sense node can help reduce fixed pattern noise. The image sensor can be operated in snap-shot mode.04-01-2010
20090153711CMOS image sensors and methods for outputting pixel data at high speeds - A The CMOS image sensor includes a pixel array including pixels arranged in a matrix of rows and columns and a row selection unit configured to generate selection signals for simultaneously or concurrently selecting at least two rows from the rows of the pixel array in response to a received row address. An analog-to-digital conversion unit is configured to convert pixel data output from the at least two rows selected from the pixel array into a digital video signal and output the digital video signal. The pixel array outputs the pixel data in response to the selection signals.06-18-2009
20090147118DEVICE AND PIXEL ARCHITECTURE FOR HIGH RESOLUTION DIGITAL IMAGING - The present invention discloses structure of a two-gate field effect transistor (FET), named as charge gated FET, and presents various active pixel sensor (APS) and multimode architectures using the device which has only one, or two on-pixel transistors for high resolution, high gain and fast frame rate APS arrays. It is also disclosed a new method of addressing pixels of an APS array by applying the addressing voltage pulse directly to the gate of the amplifying transistor of the pixel architecture, eliminating the row select transistor from the pixel circuit.06-11-2009
20100118174IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - A method for driving an image pickup device in which a predetermined voltage which is between a power source voltage and a reference voltage is generated, a voltage of an output signal line to the predetermined voltage is set, and a reset voltage from a pixel circuit is output to the output signal line05-13-2010
20100118171Solid-State Image Pickup Device - There is provided a solid-state imaging device in which images can be read at high speed. Since an n-th processing circuit (e.g. PU05-13-2010
20100085456SOLID-STATE IMAGE-PICKUP SENSOR AND DEVICE - A solid-state image-pickup sensor comprises a plurality of vertical scan circuits, a plurality of horizontal scan circuits, a pixel section including pixels arranged in a two-dimensional array and performing photoelectric conversion, each of the pixels being connected to one of the plurality of vertical scan circuits and connected to the plurality of horizontal scan circuits, and a selection unit for controlling each of the horizontal scan circuits to independently select and output photoelectrically converted signals read from plural ones of the pixels arrayed in the horizontal direction.04-08-2010
20100079645CMOS IMAGER AND SYSTEM WITH SELECTIVELY SILICIDED GATES - The invention also relates to an apparatus and method for selectively providing a silicide coating over the transistor gates of a CMOS imager to improve the speed of the transistor gates. The method further includes an apparatus and method for forming a self aligned photo shield over the CMOS imager.04-01-2010
20100079644IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING FLASH EMISSION - An imaging apparatus includes: flash driving means for driving a flash during a set preliminary emission period and a set main emission period; and an image sensor constituted by a plurality of photoelectric converting elements which are arranged in a matrix and capable of being accessed randomly. The charge accumulation initiation timing and the charge accumulation cessation timing of the photoelectric converting elements line are controlled line by line or pixel by pixel. The imaging apparatus forms images employing pixel signals output from the photoelectric converting elements, and determines main regions within the images. The preliminary emission period is set such that charge accumulation in photoelectric converting elements corresponding to pixels that constitute the main region is initiated prior to the preliminary emission period and ceased after the preliminary emission period. The flash driving means drives the flash during the set preliminary emission period.04-01-2010
20110122306IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS AND IMAGING SYSTEM - An image sensing apparatus comprises: a pixel array in which a plurality of pixels are arrayed in a row direction and column direction; a selection unit configured to select a row of the pixel array; and a readout unit configured to read out signals from the pixels of the row selected by the selection unit, wherein, when the readout unit reads out signals from the pixels of not all rows but some rows in the pixel array, the selection unit resets the pixels of rows in adjacent regions adjacent to readout rows from which signals are read out, and the pixel array includes rows, in which the pixels are not reset by the selection unit, in regions other than the readout rows and the adjacent regions.05-26-2011
20090273697SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND DRIVING METHOD OF SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging apparatus includes an A/D conversion circuit in each column, wherein a connecting unit is provided for connecting a register circuit in a certain column to a register circuit in another column, and an operation is performed for holding, in register circuits through the connecting unit, digital signals obtained by performing A/D conversions of analog electric signals at different timings in one horizontal synchronizing period.11-05-2009
20110169990CURRENT GENERATION CIRCUIT, AND SINGLE-SLOPE ADC AND CAMERA USING THE SAME - A linear relationship is established between a gain control signal and an amplification factor (value in dB). Described is a current generation circuit including a first current output section which outputs a first current, a second current output section which outputs a second current proportional to the first current, and a variable-current control section which generates a third current proportional to the first current, divides the third current into a fourth current and a fifth current according to a first control signal, and outputs the fourth and the fifth currents. The current generation circuit outputs a sum of the first and the fourth currents as a reference current, and a sum of the second and the fifth currents as an output current.07-14-2011
20090284632DRIVING METHOD OF SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging apparatus comprises a pixel portion including a plurality of pixels, wherein each pixel including a photoelectric conversion portion, an accumulation portion for accumulating the charge, a first transfer portion connecting the photoelectric conversion portion to the accumulation portion, a second transfer portion connecting the accumulation portion to a floating diffusion portion, and a third transfer portion connecting the photoelectric conversion portion to a power source, and wherein, from a state where no potential barrier is formed in the second transfer portion, a potential barrier is formed in the second transfer portion under a condition that a potential barrier is formed in the first transfer portion and no potential barrier is formed in the third transfer portion, and then a potential barrier is formed in the third transfer portion, thereby the operation of accumulating charges in the pixels is started.11-19-2009
20080211949Solid-state image sensing apparatus and driving method thereof - A solid-state image sensing apparatus which can improve the S/N ratio without enlarging the chip area in both of the mode in which pixel signals are summed and the mode in which pixel signals are not summed is provided. The solid-state image sensing apparatus includes an image sensing region 09-04-2008
20080211948PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION APPARATUS AND IMAGE SENSING SYSTEM USING THE SAME - A photoelectric conversion apparatus includes a pixel unit having a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix, a plurality of block lines to which signals are supplied from the pixels, transfer switches used to supply the signals from the block lines to a common signal line, and a driving circuit configured to drive the pixels, the block lines, and the transfer switches. The block lines have resetting units used to reset potentials of the block lines. With this configuration, a signal reading operation is performed at high speed in the photoelectric conversion apparatus.09-04-2008
20090295963METHOD AND APPARATUS AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR COLLECTING DIGITAL IMAGE DATA FROM MICROSCOPE MEDIA-BASED SPECIMENS - A digital image collection system and method includes an area scan camera that scans a region to obtain digital image data therefrom, the area scan camera having an optical scan axis. A specimen mounting unit receives a specimen that is mounted on a top surface thereof, for enabling the specimen to be scanned by the area scan camera. The top surface of the specimen mounting unit is slanted at an angle with respect to the area scan camera such that the optical scan axis is oblique to the top surface of the specimen mounting unit.12-03-2009
20090295964Image sensor and image-capturing device - An image sensor includes: a plurality of imaging pixels; and a plurality of focus detection pixels constituted with a micro-lens and a photoelectric conversion element that receives a focus detection light flux transmitted through a photographic optical system and executes photoelectric conversion. The photoelectric conversion element in each of the focus detection pixels includes a light-receiving area where the focus detection light flux is received; light-receiving area images corresponding to each of the focus detection pixels are each formed as the light-receiving area is projected via the micro-lens onto a pupil plane of the photographic optical system; and a positional relationship of the micro-lens and the light-receiving area is determined in correspondence to an image height so that the light-receiving area images corresponding to all the focus detection pixels are superimposed on one another on the pupil plane.12-03-2009
20090295962IMAGE SENSOR HAVING DIFFERING WAVELENGTH FILTERS - An image sensor includes filters formed over a portion of an array of photosensitive elements in a predetermined pattern. The pattern can be such that the exposure of a matrix (such as a 2-by-2 square of pixels) to light (such as blue light) is improved, while maintaining acceptable capability to capture light across the entire spectrum. The pattern can be such that two blue filters, one red, and one green filter is used by a 2-by-2 square matrix of pixels. The pattern can also include cyan, yellow, and magenta (CYM) filters.12-03-2009
20100103300SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGING - The systems and methods described herein relate to high resolution imaging. In particular, the systems include two or more lens assemblies for imaging a particular scene. Each lens assembly has image sensors disposed behind the lens assembly to image only a portion of the scene viewable through the lens assembly. Image sensors behind different lens assemblies image different portions of the scene. When the imaged portions from all the sensors are combined, a high resolution image of the scene is formed. Thus, multiple sensors can be combined to generate a high resolution image without prospective mismatching, and without the shortcomings associated with the border regions and packaging of the individual sensors, such as image gaps.04-29-2010
20100141820IMAGE SENSOR HAVING CUT-OFF CORNERS, WITH A MULTIPLEXER BETWEEN TWO ADJACENT ROWS OF PIXELS - The invention relates to matrix image sensors. It applies most particularly to intraoral dental radiology sensors. The invention provides a sensor architecture comprising a column decoder controlling select conductors of a column, and a row decoder controlling select conductors of a row. The pixels of a column are connected to a signal conductor that extends along the column and goes toward an analog multiplexer extending within the pixel matrix between two rows of pixels of the matrix. The multiplexer is controlled via the column select conductors coming from the decoder and it transmits the signal from a signal conductor of a selected column to an output conductor extending parallel to the rows. A signal sampling circuit common to all the columns is connected at the end of the output conductor of the multiplexer. An increase in matrix area is achieved by in practice losing only a single image row.06-10-2010
20080239123SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, METHOD FOR DRIVING SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging device includes an imaging section having multiple pixels laid out in a matrix form for performing photoelectric conversion and multiple vertical transfer sections that vertically transfer signal charges of the multiple pixels in columns, a control section that controls the transfer, hold and addition of signal charges transferred from each of the vertical transfer sections, at least two horizontal transfer sections that horizontally transfer signal charges output from the control section, and a horizontal-horizontal transfer section that transfers the signal charges of one horizontal transfer section that has received the signal charges transferred from the control section to the other horizontal transfer section.10-02-2008
20090167915SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD OF THE SAME - Provided is a solid-state imaging device being capable of suppressing RTS noise and preventing decrease in S/N when a signal having a smaller value is converted to a digital signal. The solid-state imaging device includes: an imaging unit including pixels arranged in rows and columns; column amplifying units each amplifying a column signal with a variable gain, each of the column amplifying units being provided for each column of the imaging unit; column sample-hold units each selectively sample-holding and passing the column signal, the column signal being amplified by a corresponding one of the column amplifying units; and column AD conversion units each converting, using a ramp signal, the column signal representing a signal component and a reference component to a digital signal corresponding to a difference between the signal component and the reference component, the column signal being read from a corresponding one of said column sample-hold units.07-02-2009
20080278612SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSOR AND SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD THEREOF - A solid-state image sensor includes a pixel section that outputs a signal charge subjected to photoelectric conversion by each of a plurality of photoelectric transducers, a conversion circuit that converts an output signal from the pixel section into a digital signal by using a triangular wave, and a saturation signal level calculation circuit that calculates a saturation signal level of each photoelectric transducer based on the digital signal from the conversion circuit. The solid-state image sensor further includes a setting circuit which sets a maximum signal level of the triangular wave in accordance with the saturation signal level from the saturation signal level calculation circuit.11-13-2008
20080291308IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING ELECTRON SOURCE ARRAY - An imaging apparatus includes an electron emission array having electron sources arranged in matrix form and having a plurality of horizontal scan lines, a photoelectric conversion film opposed to the electron emission array, and a control and drive circuit configured to select one or more of the horizontal scan lines in a given video signal output period and to cause the electron sources included in the selected one or more horizontal scan lines to emit electrons toward the photoelectric conversion film to produce a video signal, wherein the control and drive circuit is configured to control electron emission of the electron emission array in a blanking period in response to a signal level of the video signal produced in the given video signal output period.11-27-2008
20080309808METHOD OF DRIVING CCD SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE, AND IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS - A method of driving a CCD solid-state image pickup device, which performs multiplication driving on the signal charges, the method including: reading out signal charges from a plurality of photoelectric converting elements that are arranged in a two-dimensional array-like pattern to a charge transfer path that is disposed in parallel to a photoelectric converting element column of the photoelectric converting elements; and applying a multiplying pulse to a multiplying electrode among transfer electrodes constituting the charge transfer path, wherein an electrode, which is set as the multiplying electrode among the transfer electrodes, is periodically changed.12-18-2008
20120033120SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC CAMERA - An object of the present invention is to provide a highly-accurate AF without adding a mechanism of the camera or increasing the power consumption. A solid-state imaging device according to an aspect of the present invention includes: a plurality of photoelectric conversion units configured to convert incident light into electronic signals, the photoelectric conversion units being arranged in a two dimensional array, the photoelectric conversion units including a plurality of first photoelectric conversion units and a plurality of second photoelectric conversion units; a plurality of first microlenses each of which is disposed to cover a corresponding one of said first photoelectric conversion units; and a second microlens disposed to cover the second photoelectric conversion units, in which at least two of the second photoelectric conversion units are located at respective positions which are offset from an optical axis of the second microlens, in mutually different directions.02-09-2012
20110007199VISION SENSOR FOR MEASURING CONTRASTS AND METHOD FOR MAKING SUCH MEASURE - A digital vision sensor includes a pixel array (01-13-2011
20120092538SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, DRIVING CONTROL METHOD, AND IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging device and an imaging apparatus are provided. The solid-state imaging device performs an AD conversion in a column parallel for an analog pixel signal outputted from each of pixels disposed in a two-dimensional matrix shape. The solid-state imaging device includes: an AD conversion unit including a plurality of pixel signal accumulating units; a first switching unit for disconnecting parallel connection of a second pixel signal accumulating unit other than a first pixel signal accumulating unit which is one of the plurality of pixel signal accumulating units; and a second switching unit for connecting the second pixel signal accumulating unit to a pixel signal line of a second pixel adjacent to the first pixel in a row direction, when parallel connection of the second pixel signal accumulating unit is disconnected by the first switching unit.04-19-2012
20100141819Imaging Array with Non-Linear Light Response - An imaging array and method for capturing an image utilizing the same are disclosed. The imaging array includes an array of pixel sensors in which each pixel includes a dual-ported photodiode or photogate and a charge conversion circuit. The charge conversion circuit generates a voltage signal that is a function of a charge on the dual-ported photodiode. The controller applies a potential that varies over the exposure to the second gates in the dual-ported photodiodes, each second port passing charge stored in the photodiode connected to the second port when a potential in the photodiode exceeds the applied potential. The potential is chosen such that charge flows through the second gates of pixel sensors that are exposed to light intensities greater than a first threshold intensity during the exposure.06-10-2010
20090160987Imaging device - The present invention relates to improved imaging devices having high dynamic range and to monitoring and automatic control systems incorporating the improved imaging devices.06-25-2009
20090290055ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE DETECTION ELEMENT - The present invention provides an electromagnetic wave detection element that can raise the speed of image read-out. Scan lines are each disposed to plural pixel lines for each of the pixel lines in a row direction of plural pixels disposed in a matrix array, and switches each TFT switch provided to respective pixels in the plural pixel lines by the respective scan lines. Plural signal lines are each disposed to each of the pixel lines in the column direction of the matrix array. In each of the pixel lines in the column direction, the respective signal line is connected to a different TFT switch from the TFT switches that are connected to the same respective scan line, and the charge accumulated in storage capacitors is read out through each of the signal lines according to the state of the TFT switches.11-26-2009
20090185062SYSTEM AND METHOD OF SCANNING AN ARRAY OF SENSORS - Aspects of the invention relate to a method and apparatus for scanning an array of sensors. More particularly, the invention is directed towards scanning an array of sensors to accurately determine actuated sensors on a contact-sensitive surface. In one embodiment, three sets of sensing lines can be incorporated into the sensing area for ghost-free detection of up to two keys. Further in other embodiments, n sets of sensing lines can be incorporated into the sensing area for ghost free detection of up to n−1 keys.07-23-2009
20090141154SOLID-STATE PICKUP APPARATUS, ITS DRIVING METHOD AND CAMERA SYSTEM - There is used an XY address type solid-state image pickup element (for example, a MOS type image sensor) in which two rows and two columns are made a unit, and color filters having a color coding of repetition of the unit (repetition of two verticals (two horizontals) are arranged, and when a thinning-out read mode is specified, a clock frequency of a system is changed to 1/9, and on the basis of the changed clock frequency, a pixel is selected every three pixels in both a row direction and a column direction to successively read out a pixel signal.06-04-2009
20090051796METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AN ON-CHIP VARIABLE ACUITY IMAGER ARRAY INCORPORATING ROLL, PITCH AND YAW ANGLE RATES MEASUREMENT - A variable acuity imager incorporates an array of detection elements for light energy, in the visible, infrared, ultraviolet, or light energy in another region of the electromagnetic spectrum with a means to change the spatial configuration of the array to include “superpixels” by combining energy detected by adjacent elements, thus permitting any number of high-resolution “foveal” regions to be placed within the confines of the focal plane array and moved around at the frame rate of the imaging device. Detectors to measure the pitch, yaw and roll angle rates of background imagery using velocity-sensing circuitry are employed for variation of the foveal regions to accommodate motion of the array.02-26-2009
20130215307CDS CIRCUIT, IMAGE SENSOR INCLUDING THE SAME, AND IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE INCLUDING THE IMAGE SENSOR - A correlated double sampling (CDS) circuit includes a correction circuit configured to receive an input pixel signal through a first node via a column line, correct the input pixel signal, and output the corrected pixel signal through a second node; and a comparator including first and second input terminals, the first input terminal being connected to the second node and being configured to receive the corrected pixel signal, and the second input terminal configured to receive a ramp signal, the comparator being configured to compare the corrected pixel signal with the ramp signal and output a comparison signal indicating a result of the comparing, wherein the correction circuit includes, a first capacitor connected between the first and second nodes, and one or more metal lines disposed adjacent to the first capacitor, and wherein at least one other capacitor is formed by the first capacitor and the metal line.08-22-2013
20090066824OPTICAL SENSOR AND METHOD OF SELECTION OF PIXEL OF OPTICAL SENSOR - An optical sensor able to make a pixel area small without degrading an increase of the speed of detection of the change of light intensity and reduction of the power consumption, therefore able reduce the size of a chip at the time of an increase of pixels and a method of selection of pixels of the same, imparting a function of holding charges corresponding to a light reception intensity of a previous frame and a function for comparing strongness/weakness of the light reception intensity of the previous frame and the light reception intensity of the current frame to each of the pixels composing a pixel array part and configuring both function portions by a capacitor Cs connected between a photodiode PD and a selection transistor T03-12-2009
20090073296Imaging device and imaging apparatus - An imaging device includes: a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements; a plurality of vertical electric charge transfer paths; a horizontal transfer path that transfers; and a plurality of transfer connecting parts, wherein each of the transfer connecting parts includes an electric charge transfer channel that transfers a signal electric charges in a column direction, a width of the electric charge transfer channel in a row direction continuously increases over an entire part or a part of the electric charge transfer channel, a downstream side of the electric charge transfer channel in the column direction is large in increasing rate of the channel width than an upstream side of the electric charge transfer channel in the column direction.03-19-2009
20090201403Correlated double sampling unit in image sensor with attenuation of parasitic voltage loss - A correlated double sampling unit in an image sensor includes a first capacitor, a second capacitor, and a capacitor switch. The first capacitor is coupled between a first node and an input node of a tripping unit. The second capacitor is coupled between the first node and a second node having a ramp signal switched thereon. The capacitor switch is coupled between the second node and the input node of the tripping unit for coupling the first and second capacitors in parallel as a final pixel signal is developed at the input node of the tripping unit for minimizing signal loss from a parasitic capacitance at the input node of the tripping unit.08-13-2009
20090086073IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DRIVING SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE - A solid-state imaging device 04-02-2009
20090096903Imaging device and imaging method - An imaging apparatus includes an imaging element having two-dimensionally arranged imaging pixels that receive light of an image transmitted through an optical system and output pixel signals corresponding to the received light, and in which non-imaging pixels that are different from the imaging pixels are arranged. The apparatus detects a direction of continuity of the pixel signals based on pixel signals of the imaging pixels positioned around the non-imaging pixels, and determines, based on the detected direction of continuity, the pixel signals at the positions of the non-imaging pixels by processing the pixel output of the imaging pixels positioned around the non-imaging pixels.04-16-2009
20090213255Solid-state imaging device and electronic camera - A solid-state imaging device includes a plurality of pixels disposed in a two-dimensional array, a scanning circuit that selects a specific pixel among the pixels by selecting a pixel row and a pixel column and a signal output circuit that outputs a signal from the pixel selected by the scanning circuit. The plurality of pixels include a plurality of first focus detection pixels and a plurality of second focus detection pixels. The first focus detection pixels and the second focus detection pixels are disposed within a single row or a single column. The scanning circuit selects a plurality of first or second focus detection pixels disposed within the single row or column at once. The signal output circuit combines signals from the plurality of first or second focus detection pixels selected by the scanning circuit and outputs a resulting composite signal.08-27-2009
20090213257IMAGE SENSOR - Provided is an image sensor that may reduce the number of external terminals for downsizing of a chip, generate a write signal (RE) of a Y address with one pulse, and employ an external circuit having the same configuration as that of the conventional example. The image sensor uses an X-Y address scanning system in a pixel element matrix, and includes: a register latch that sets a Y address for selection of a row according to a write signal; a Y address register that decodes a Y address data from the register latch to output a Y address signal for selection of the row in the pixel element matrix; and an X address control unit that generates an X address signal for selection of a column. The register latch brings the Y address register into a disenable state so as to cause the Y address register not to output the Y address signal at timing at which the write signal is input to the Y address register, and brings the Y address register into an enable state so as to cause the Y address register to output the Y address signal at timing at which the input of the write signal is completed and the Y address data is written into the Y address register.08-27-2009
20090251578IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE AND IMAGE PICKUP SYSTEM - In an image pickup device with A/D converters at each column signal line, improvements in the A/D conversion speed and accuracy in image sensors having A/D converters are achieved. In an image pickup device wherein sensing elements are arranged in a matrix and A/D converters are arranged for each column signal line, the A/D converter first retains in its memory unit as an initial value an electric signal corresponding to the signal of the sensing element which is an analog signal, then initiates charge or discharge of the memory unit at a rate corresponding to the size of an input fixed signal, measures the time period from either the charge start time or the discharge start time until the memory unit electric signal becomes equal to the reference signal, and then recognizes the measured time period as a digital value.10-08-2009
20120105696SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging device includes an imaging element and a logic element. The imaging element includes a first semiconductor substrate, a first wiring layer, and a first metal layer, in which a pixel region which is a light sensing surface is formed. The logic element includes a second semiconductor substrate, a second wiring layer, and a second metal layer, in which a signal processing circuit that processes a pixel signal obtained at the pixel region is formed. The logic element is laminated to the imaging element so that the first metal layer and the second metal layer are bonded to each other, and the first metal layer and the second metal layer are formed on a region excluding a region in which a penetrating electrode layer penetrating a bonding surface of the imaging element and the logic element is formed.05-03-2012
20090256938Imaging device - The present invention relates to improved imaging devices having high dynamic range and to monitoring and automatic control systems incorporating the improved imaging devices.10-15-2009
20120194721IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF - An image capturing apparatus comprises: an image sensor having multiple segmental pixels each including multiple photoelectric conversion units arranged two-dimensionally for receiving light beams that have passed through different pupil regions, the photoelectric conversion units being divided for each segmental pixel in a first or second pupil-division direction for addition reading; a determination unit configured to determine an edge direction of an image for each divided area of the image sensor; a decision unit configured to, based on the determined edge direction, decide for each divided area either the first or second pupil-division direction; a reading control unit configured to perform addition reading of the segmental pixels by dividing the photoelectric conversion units in the first or second pupil-division direction decided, and to control the image sensor such that pairs of image signals are outputted; and a focus adjusting unit configured to carry out phase difference focus adjustments.08-02-2012
20090256939SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - Solid-state imaging apparatus comprises: a plurality of A/D converters converting the analog electric signal from the pixel into a digital signal to output the digital signal from an output terminal of the A/D converter; a plurality of register circuits holding the digital signal; and a connecting unit for connecting the output terminal of the A/D converter arranged correspondingly to one column to the input terminal of the register circuit arranged correspondingly to another column, or for connecting an output terminal of the register circuit arranged correspondingly to one column to the input terminal of the register circuits arranged correspondingly to another column.10-15-2009
20100265374A/D converter, solid-state imaging device and camera system - An A/D converter includes: plural comparators to which reference voltages as ramp waves different from each other are supplied, which are configured to compare the supplied reference voltages with an analog input signal; and plural latches arranged so as to correspond to the plural comparators, which are configured to count comparison time of the corresponding comparators, to stop counting when an outputs of the comparator is inverted and to store the count value, wherein the plural reference voltages are offset by an arbitrary voltage at the same time point.10-21-2010
20120194719IMAGE SENSOR UNITS WITH STACKED IMAGE SENSORS AND IMAGE PROCESSORS - An image sensor unit has stacked imager and processor integrated circuits. The imager may have an image sensor pixel array on its front surface. Processor die may be mounted back-to-back with respective imagers on a wafer. A photodefinable dielectric film may cover the rear surface of the wafer. Metal traces in the photodefinable dielectric and through-silicon vias in each imager may be used to interconnect the processing circuitry on the front surface of a processor to the image sensor pixel array on the front surface of the imager. Openings may be formed in the photo definable dielectric to allow solder balls to form electrical connections with the metal traces. A cavity may be formed in a photo definable dielectric layer or an imager to accommodate the processor. The processor may also be mounted in a cavity in a separate silicon standoff structure before attaching the standoff structure to the imager.08-02-2012
20100165164SOLID-STATE IMAGE-PICKUP DEVICE, CAMERA SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR DRIVING SAME - A negative electrode for a secondary battery includes a negative electrode current collector and a negative electrode active material layer provided in the negative electrode current collector and which is alloyed with the negative electrode current collector at least at a part of an boundary face between it and the negative electrode current collector, wherein the negative electrode current collector has a first surface on which the negative electrode active material layer is formed and a second surface on which the negative electrode active material layer is not formed, the negative electrode having a portion in which the second surfaces of the negative electrode current collector are opposed to each other.07-01-2010
20100165163IMAGING DEVICE - An imaging device comprises a pixel array, a reading unit, a pixel signal addition unit, and a display unit. A plurality of pixels including a first pixel and a second pixel are arranged in two dimensions in the pixel array. The first and second pixels have a photoelectric conversion elements and output pixel signals according to the quantities of incident light to the photoelectric conversion elements. The reading unit reads a first pixel signal from the first pixel and reads a second pixel signal from the second pixel. The pixel signal addition unit adds the first pixel signal read from the first pixel with a plurality of different timings and adds the second pixel signal read from the second pixel with a plurality of different timings. The display unit displays the first pixel signal added by the pixel signal addition unit and the second pixel signal added by the pixel signal addition unit sequentially with different timings.07-01-2010
20100188542IMAGING DEVICE AND IMAGE SENSOR CHIP - An imaging device includes a pixel array that includes a plurality of pixels, a data read circuit that sequentially reads the data of a given line from the pixel array, a plurality of column analog-digital converters that perform analog-digital conversion on the data from the data read circuit, and a control signal generating circuit that generates a control signal to control the analog-digital conversion.07-29-2010
20090046188SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, PIXEL-SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD, ANALOG-SIGNAL TRANSFERRING DEVICE, AND ANALOG-SIGNAL TRANSFERRING METHOD - From a pixel array where imaging pixels are arranged, pixel signals of respective columns on a selected row are read in parallel in a horizontal blanking period of a horizontal period. The pixel signals of the respective columns are output to horizontal signal lines in an effective period of the horizontal period via charge integrating amps provided respectively for the columns, i.e., provided respectively for vertical signal lines, and are thereby transferred horizontally. In the charge integrating amps, it is possible to enter a standby state while holding the pixel signals by a holding voltage. Furthermore, in the charge integrating amps, a reference potential for precharging feedback capacitors for amps at the time of a reading operation is automatically controlled based on a black level. Furthermore, pixel signals from the respective charge integrating amps are horizontally transferred in parallel using a plurality of horizontal signal lines.02-19-2009
20130215306METHOD FOR DRIVING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - After accumulating electric charges in pixels in first, second, and third rows, signals are output from the pixels in the first and second rows in a first frame, and thereafter, after accumulating electric charges in the pixels in the first row without accumulating electric charges in the pixels in the second and third rows, signals are output from the pixels in the first and third rows in a second frame following the first frame. Furthermore, the photoelectric conversion units of the pixels in the second and third rows are reset by the resetting units included in the pixels in the second and third rows in the first frame.08-22-2013
20100177227IMAGE SENSOR - The invention relates to an image sensor for electronic cameras, comprising a plurality of light-sensitive pixels for the generation of signals proportional to exposure and at least one read-out circuit coupled to the pixels and having a first section and a second section disposed downstream of the first section in a signal read-out direction, wherein the first section and the second section of the read-out circuit are each connected to at least one bond pad provided for the supply of an operating voltage and/or to at least one bond pad provided for the supply of a reference potential. At least some of the bond pads provided for the supply of the operating voltage and/or of the reference potential to the read-out circuit are arranged between the first section and the second sections of the read-out circuit.07-15-2010
20110058081IMAGE SENSOR, METHOD FOR OPERATING THEREOF, AND IMAGE PICK-UP DEVICE HAVING THE SAME - The image sensor includes a plurality of column lines, a plurality of active road circuits and a selection circuit. The plurality of column lines are each connected to a corresponding one of a plurality of pixels. The plurality of active road circuits are each connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of column lines. The selection circuit is configured to enable a portion of the plurality of active road circuits based on a plurality of column selection signals.03-10-2011
20110176044SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD THEREOF - A solid-state imaging device and the like are provided. The solid-state imaging device includes a light-collecting element capable of efficiently collecting incident light by improving reproducibility of refractive index distribution at the borders of pixels. Each of the pixels includes: a light-collecting element; a color filter; a light-blocking layer; a light-receiving element; a substrate; and a planarization film. The light-collecting element has a concentric structure and has a film thickness which forms a two-tiered structure. The concentric structure is curved out to define a concentric pattern and the surrounding medium is air. Further, an air gap is provided between adjacent light-collecting elements. The air gap extends to an upper surface of the light-blocking layer and has a gap width approximately equal to a wavelength of incident light.07-21-2011
20090040349Imager methods, apparatuses, and systems providing a skip mode with a wide dynamic range operation - Methods, apparatuses and systems provide a high dynamic range mode of operation for an image sensor when operating in a skip mode where certain pixels of an array are not readout. Multiple integration periods are employed in the skip mode with selected pixels being readout through circuits associated with pixels that are not readout.02-12-2009
20090115877METHOD FOR READING A TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATRIX OF PIXELS AND DEVICE FOR IMPLEMENTING SUCH A METHOD - The invention relates to a method for reading a two-dimensional matrix (05-07-2009
20090073295SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE - A solid-state image pickup device 03-19-2009
20090109310IMAGING DEVICE, IMAGING METHOD, DISPLAY CONTROL DEVICE, DISPLAY CONTROL METHOD, AND PROGRAM - An imaging device includes an image obtaining unit configured to capture an image of a subject to obtain video data; an extraction unit configured to extract high-frequency components in at least one of a horizontal direction and a vertical direction of the video data; a calculation unit configured to calculate a parameter based on the high-frequency components in the at least one of the horizontal direction and vertical direction extracted by the extraction unit, the parameter indicating a magnitude of a high-frequency component for every line or every group of lines in the at least one of the horizontal direction and vertical direction; and a combining unit configured to combine an indicator indicating a magnitude of the parameter with the video data at a predetermined position in the at least one of the horizontal direction and vertical direction.04-30-2009
20090109311SOLID STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE, DRIVE METHOD THEREOF AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A solid state image pickup device which includes a pixel unit having a plurality of pixels arranged in a two-dimensional matrix shape and having a mechanism for converting an optical signal into an electrical signal and outputting the resultant signal, a column processing circuit for performing column processing of the signal from the pixel unit, a calculating circuit for calculating a processing result of the column processing circuit, a frame memory unit, an internal interface for connecting the calculating circuit and the frame memory unit, an external interface for connecting an external and the frame memory unit, and a connection switching circuit for switching a connection of the frame memory unit relative to the internal interface and the external interface.04-30-2009
20100188541SOLID-STATE IMAGE CAPTURING DEVICE, METHOD OF DRIVING SOLID-STATE IMAGE CAPTURING DEVICE, AND IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS - A solid-state image capturing device includes: a pixel array unit including plural pixels each converting light selectively incident through a mechanical shutter into charges to be stored in a storage portion and having an overflow path through which charges exceeding a saturation charge amount are discharged; and a driving unit starting an exposure by simultaneously resetting all pixels of the pixel array unit, maintaining the overflow path in an opened state during the exposure period, and closing the overflow path during a period while signals are read from the pixels after ending the exposure by closing the mechanical shutter.07-29-2010
20100182472IMAGING DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR, AND CAMERA - An imaging device includes: a pixel section having a plurality of pixel circuits arranged in a matrix form; and a signal processing section that processes an output signal read from the pixel section. The pixel section includes a first output signal line, at least one first color pixel circuit connected to the first output signal line, a second output signal line, and at least one second color pixel circuit adjacent to the first color pixel circuit in a row direction thereof and connected to the second output signal line. The signal processing section includes a first signal processing circuit, a second signal processing circuit, a selection circuit, a first current source, a second current source, a current source selection circuit, a first connection node, and a second connection node.07-22-2010
20110025897SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSING DEVICE CONTAINING ELECTRON MULTIPLICATION FUNCTION - A solid state imaging device with an electron multiplying function includes an imaging region VR formed of a plurality of vertical shift registers, a horizontal shift register HR that transfers electrons from the imaging region VR, a multiplication register EM that multiplies the electrons from the horizontal shift register HR, and an electron injecting electrode 02-03-2011
20110115956IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME - An image pickup apparatus which prevents distortion of an image captured using an image pickup element employing an XY reading method and which suppresses degradation of the captured image caused by light leakage to pixel circuits is provided. Transfer transistors and reset transistors in all rows are turned on and photodiodes and FDs are reset before exposure of the photodiodes is started. Then, after a predetermined exposure time has been elapsed, the transfer transistors in all the rows are turned on and signal charges of the photodiodes of all pixels are transmitted to the FDs. When the exposure is terminated, a mechanical shutter is closed so as to block leakage light, and voltages corresponding to the signal charges transmitted from the photodiodes are successively read from the FDs on a row-by-row basis.05-19-2011
20130155302DIGITAL IMAGE SENSOR - A digital imaging sensor includes an array of pixels. A subset of the pixels in the array has reduced photosensitivity in comparison to other pixels in said array. A controller operates to control an integration time of the array of pixels such that a first integration time of the subset of pixels is longer than a second integration time of the other pixels in the array. Such an image sensor is particularly useful for sensing light sources that are not illuminated continuously.06-20-2013
20130155303METHOD OF CAPTURING AN IMAGE WITH AN IMAGE SENSOR - A method may include a cycle of reading a current pixel including connecting the capacitive node of the pixel to a capacitive node of a previous pixel already read, connecting the capacitive node of the current pixel and the capacitive node of a previous pixel to an output line, reading a first voltage of the capacitive node of the pixel through the output line, transferring charges from the accumulation node to the capacitive node of the pixel, reading a second voltage of the capacitive node of the pixel through the output line, and disconnecting the capacitive node from the capacitive node of a previous pixel, and a cycle of reading a next pixel. This cycle may include accumulating charges in the accumulation node of the next pixel while the capacitive node of the current pixel is connected to a capacitive node of a previous pixel.06-20-2013
20130155304IMAGING SYSTEM - An imaging system comprises an image sensing apparatus including a pixel array, a row selection unit, and a readout unit; and a supply unit including a plurality of A/D converting units, and a transfer unit. The supply unit supplies a power supply voltage to an A/D converting unit which, of the plurality of A/D converting units, receives signals from the pixels in the pixel array by means of the transfer unit, and does not supply a power supply voltage to an A/D converting unit which, of the plurality of A/D converting units, receives no signals from the pixels in the pixel array by means of the transfer unit, in a 1-line period. The readout unit A/D-converts the signals from the pixels in the pixel array using the A/D converting unit supplied with the power supply voltage by the supply unit, and outputs a digital image signal.06-20-2013
20110242383SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME - Provided is a solid-state image pickup device that includes: a pixel portion having a plurality of pixels that are arranged in a two-dimensional array and generate pixel signals; a readout row counter that generates row addresses for reading the pixel portion; a first reset row counter that generates a row address for resetting a first field of the pixel portion; a second reset row counter that generates a row address for resetting a second field of the pixel portion; a selector that selects one of the row addresses generated by the readout row counter, the first reset row counter, and the second reset row counter; and pixel driving units that respectively select two rows: an odd-numbered row and a neighboring even-numbered row of the pixel portion corresponding to the selected row address.10-06-2011
20090219424IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS AND IMAGING SYSTEM - An image sensing apparatus comprising on a single semiconductor substrate: a pixel array; a vertical scanning unit; a horizontal scanning unit; a counter which starts a counting operation to count the number of the clocks before a start of the first period, and stops the counting operation before a start of the second period during the first period; and a generation unit which generates a first control signal for causing the vertical scanning unit to drive a pixel, the generation unit including a signal generation unit which generates a second control signal in accordance with the counted value output from the counter, and a delay unit which delays the second control signal to generate the first control signal and output the first control signal to the vertical scanning unit.09-03-2009
20110085066Solid-State Image Sensor and Drive Method for the Same - A burst reading memory section (04-14-2011
20100033611Pixel array of three-dimensional image sensor - Provided is a pixel array of a three-dimensional image sensor. The pixel array includes unit pixel patterns each including a color pixel and a distance-measuring pixel arranged in an array form. The unit pixel patterns are arranged in such a way that a group of distance-measuring pixels are disposed adjacent to each other.02-11-2010
20100039544IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD - In recent years, the performance of CMOS and CCD image sensors has dramatically improved, and to utilize the improved performance of these sensors, processing circuitry is provided here. This processing circuitry employs a adjustable gain that varies depending on the intensity of the signal from the image sensor so as to reduce noise, reduce area used, and reduce power consumption.02-18-2010
20100053398SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - The present invention provides a imaging apparatus including a plurality of pixels, each of the pixels including: a photoelectric conversion unit; a charge accumulating unit; an amplifying unit, and a transfer electrode, wherein the solid-state imaging apparatus includes a light shielding portion covering the charge accumulating unit, and a connecting unit for electrically connecting the control electrode and the light shielding portion, and wherein the light shielding portion of the pixel in one row is electrically connected to the other light shielding portions of the other pixels in the same row and adjacent to the pixel in the one row, and is electrically insulated from other light shielding portions of pixels in rows different from the one row.03-04-2010
20100066881IMAGE SENSING DEVICE AND IMAGE SENSING SYSTEM - An image sensing device comprises a readout unit, an output amplifier, and a horizontal scanning unit, wherein the horizontal scanning unit scans a plurality of column signal holding circuits in a plurality of holding blocks in the readout unit in a direction along a row, in each holding block, a first operation in which the signal held in a first holding unit is transferred to a second holding unit via a transfer switch is performed, and subsequently, a second operation in which the signal held in the second holding unit is transferred to the output amplifier, and a third operation in which a signal output from a pixel is read out to the first holding unit are performed in parallel, and the second operation and the first operation are performed in parallel between different holding blocks in the plurality of holding blocks.03-18-2010
20100134671SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE - In a solid state imaging device according to the present application, a sampling hold part samples and holds, in accordance with sampling control signals φTVN, φTVS, a dark signal and a light signal of each of vertical signal lines provided to correspond to each column of pixels, and supplies the signals being held to horizontal signal lines in accordance with a horizontal scanning signal. During predetermined intervals T06-03-2010
20110074994SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, IMAGING DEVICE, ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT, A/D CONVERTER AND A/D CONVERSION METHOD - In a reference signal comparison AD conversion scheme, a reference signal SLP_ADC and each of P and D phases of a pixel signal voltage Vx are compared. A count clock CKcnt03-31-2011
20110069213SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING SAME AND IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid state imaging device including: a pixel portion having a plurality of pixels arrayed two-dimensionally and including an effective pixel portion and a dummy pixel portion; a timing generator for generating address information for reading signals of pixels of the pixel portion and timing signals for reading; a column decoder; a column selection circuit for generating transfer signals and reset signals used for control for reading signals of pixels in the column portions of the pixel portion by the plurality of line selection signals output from the column decoder based on the timing signals and selecting column portions of pixels in an effective portion and a dummy portion of the pixel portion; and a transfer circuit for reading signals of corresponding pixels based on the transfer signals and reset signals output from the column selection circuit, then transferring signals of read pixels by the row signal lines.03-24-2011
20120120293Solid-state imaging device and electronic equipment - A solid-state imaging device includes a pixel unit in which a plurality of pixels converting physical quantities into electric signals are arranged in a two-dimensional shape, a vertical signal line for reading signals from the pixels, and column circuits arranged corresponding to columns of the pixel unit and collecting the signals from the vertical signal line at the inside of the pixel unit.05-17-2012
20110019047SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging device includes: a pixel unit in which plural pixels that perform photoelectric conversion are arrayed in a matrix shape; and a pixel-signal readout unit that performs readout of pixel signals from the pixel unit in a unit of plural pixels, the pixel-signal readout unit including an AD conversion unit that performs analog-digital (AD) conversion, wherein the pixel-signal readout unit includes plural comparators that compare a reference signal as a ramp wave and readout analog signal potentials of the pixels in rows in which the comparators are provided, plural counter latches that are arranged to correspond to the plural comparators and capable of counting comparison times of the comparators corresponding thereto, stop the count when outputs of the comparators are inverted, and store values of the count, and an adjusting unit that performs offset adjustment for the reference signal every time the AD conversion is performed.01-27-2011
20110019048SENSOR AND SENSOR SYSTEM FOR A CAMERA - A sensor module has first and second sensor arrays formed on a substrate, with the first and second sensor arrays adapted to share common readout circuitry and shared read out for a pair of sensors on a single array.01-27-2011
20100302423FOUR-CHANNEL COLOR FILTER ARRAY PATTERN - An image sensor for capturing a color image comprising a two dimensional array of light-sensitive pixels including panchromatic pixels and color pixels having at least two different color responses, the pixels being arranged in a repeating pattern having a square minimal repeating unit having at least three rows and three columns, the color pixels being arranged along one of the diagonals of the minimal repeating unit, and all other pixels being panchromatic pixels.12-02-2010
20100097509PIXEL FOR BOOSTING PIXEL RESET VOLTAGE - A pixel cell in which a capacitance is coupled between a storage node and a row select transistor. The pixel cell utilizes a readout timing sequence between operation of a reset transistor and a row select transistor to boost a reset voltage.04-22-2010
20120200755IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS - Solid-state image sensing elements p and q arranged on an image sensor at a higher density than other solid-state image sensing elements are configured so that the focus error amount due to the axial chromatic aberration of an imaging lens between the solid-state image sensing elements p and q is equal to or larger than an amount corresponding to the depth of focus in a maximum aperture. Also, the imaging lens has a f-number which allows the focus error amount to fall within the range between the two ends of the depth of focus.08-09-2012
20080246867SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DRIVING SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS - A solid-state image pickup apparatus includes rows and columns of pixels, each column or each set of a plurality of columns being provided with an analog-to-digital converter. When an operation for holding analog electric signals performed by the analog-to-digital converters is performed simultaneously with an operation for outputting data from memories holding digital signals that are output from the analog-to-digital converters, “streaky noise” artifacts appear on an image obtained by such operations. To avoid this, the operation for holding the analog electric signals and the operation for outputting data from the memories holding the digital signals are set apart from each other by at least one data clock period of a scanning circuit.10-09-2008
20120200754Image Noise Reducing Systems And Methods Thereof - At least one example embodiment provides for a noise reducing system for an image sensor having a pixel array, the noise reducing system includes a pattern matcher configured to receive a first pixel value of a first pixel in the pixel array and output a reduced noise pixel value of the first pixel based on a comparison of a pixel value pattern including the first pixel value and at least another pixel value pattern in the pixel array.08-09-2012
20120169909IMAGE PROCESSING SYSTEM WITH ON-CHIP TEST MODE FOR COLUMN ADCS - An image processing system includes a pixel array including a plurality of regular pixel columns and at least one test pixel column, a plurality of column analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) configured to correspond to the regular pixel columns and convert analog input signals into digital signals, and a switching block configured to provide output signals of the regular pixel columns to input ends of the corresponding column ADCs in a normal mode, and provide in common an output signal of the test pixel column to the input ends of the column ADCs in a test mode, wherein the test pixel column generates signals having a minute voltage different from one row to another row.07-05-2012
20080291307IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING ELECTRON SOURCE ARRAY - An imaging apparatus includes an electron emission array having electron sources arranged in matrix form, a photoelectric conversion film opposed to the electron emission array, and a control and drive circuit configured to select one or more horizontal scan lines in a given video signal output period and to cause the electron sources included in the selected one or more horizontal scan lines to emit electrons toward the photoelectric conversion film, wherein the control and drive circuit is further configured to cause the electron sources included in the selected one or more horizontal scan lines to emit electrons toward the photoelectric conversion film in any one or more blanking periods excluding both a blanking period immediately following the given video signal output period and a blanking period immediately preceding a next video signal output period in which the one or more horizontal scan lines will be selected next time.11-27-2008
20110254986ANALOG-DIGITAL CONVERTER, IMAGE SENSOR SYSTEM AND CAMERA DEVICE - An analog-digital converter includes n comparators arranged in a first direction with a predetermined cell pitch and corresponding respectively to n input voltages, each comparator comparing a voltage value of a reference signal whose voltage value increases or decreases over time with an input voltage corresponding to the comparator. Each of the n comparators includes differential transistors to which the reference signal and the input voltage are given respectively. A differential transistor is formed by p unit transistors connected in series whose gates are given the reference signal, and another differential transistor is formed by p unit transistors connected in series whose gates are given the input voltage.10-20-2011
20080204584IMAGING APPARATUS, DRIVING METHOD THEREOF, AND IMAGING SYSTEM - In an imaging apparatus according to the present invention, the driving unit drives each of the pixels in the non-readout region in the first mode such that the setting unit sets the input unit to a third electric potential with the transfer unit being ready to transfer the electric charge to reset the photoelectric conversion unit in a first period and that the setting unit sets the input unit to a fourth electric potential for the pixel to be deselected in a second period later than the first period.08-28-2008
20100289934IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD - An imaging device is capable of on-chip processing data output by a series of pixels 11-18-2010
20110134297IMAGE SENSOR AND IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS - An image sensor comprises: a pixel unit array; a driving unit; a second holding block; a first output amplifier; and a second output amplifier, each column of the pixel unit array including a plurality of first pixel units and a plurality of second pixel units, wherein the driving unit drives the pixel unit array to parallel-perform, on each column of the pixel unit array, an operation to transfer signals from the first pixel units to the first holding block via the first vertical output line, and an operation to transfer signals from the second pixel units to the second holding block via the second vertical output line.06-09-2011
20090207290SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging apparatus including: a pixel section having a plurality of pixels, each pixel containing an amplification section for outputting onto an output signal line, and a reset section for resetting an accumulation section; a noise suppressing section with using a first signal being an output from the pixel at the time of resetting for suppressing noise components contained in a second signal corresponding to the signal electric charges; and a control section for, of the outputs onto the output signal line of a first pixel being subject of the noise suppressing operation, respectively limiting the first signal and the second signal to a first electric potential and to a second electric potential with using an output resulting from reset operation onto the output signal line from a second pixel different from the first pixel and connected to the same one output signal line as the first pixel.08-20-2009
20110080507Solid state imaging device, imaging apparatus, and AD conversion method - A solid state imaging device includes: an AD conversion section having one comparison section, which receives a reference signal from a reference signal generator that generates the reference signal whose level gradually changes and which compares the reference signal with an analog signal to be processed, and one counting section, which receives a count clock for AD conversion and performs a count operation on the basis of a comparison result of the comparison section, for each of M signal lines to which the signal is supplied and that acquires the signal on the basis of output data of the counting section; an operation period control section controlling an operation period of the counting section on the basis of the comparison result; and a control section performing control regarding which of the signals, which are supplied through the M signal lines, is to be processed and which one of m levels of the signals to be processed is to be processed and controlling the processing order.04-07-2011
20110080509SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solid-state imaging device according to an implementation of the present invention is a solid-state imaging device including a plurality of unit pixels arranged in a matrix, and each of the unit pixels includes a photodiode which performs photoelectric conversion on light so as to convert the light into an electric signal, a top lens which collects incident light, and an intralayer lens which collects, to the photodiode, the incident light collected by the top lens, and a centroid of the photodiode is displaced from a center of the unit pixel into a first direction, the top lens is formed into an asymmetric shape so as to have a centroid displaced from the center of the unit pixel into the first direction, and the intralayer lens is formed to have a centroid displaced from the center of the unit pixel into the first direction.04-07-2011
20100110252PHYSICAL QUANTITY DETECTING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DRIVING THE SAME - In a solid state imaging device to be included in an imaging device such as a digital camera, a ramp run-up AD conversion circuit for AD converting a pixel signal is provided corresponding to one or a plurality of pixel columns. A column counter provided in each ramp run-up AD conversion circuit holds an upper bit, and a clock signal is supplied to one or plural latches for holding a lower bit. Thus, fast and accurate AD conversion can be realized while suppressing increase of clock frequency.05-06-2010
20100110251IMAGE SENSOR - The invention relates to an image sensor, in particular to a CMOS image sensor, for electronic cameras, having a plurality of light-sensitive pixels arranged in rows and columns, wherein the pixels of a respective column are divided into a first pixel group and a second pixel group, wherein, in each column, the pixels of the respective first pixel group are coupled to a common first column amplifier via a common first column line and the pixels of the respective pixel group are coupled to a common second column amplifier via a common second column line. The division of the pixels into the first pixel group and second pixel group is different for different columns.05-06-2010
20100110250POWER SAVINGS WITH MULTIPLE READOUT CIRCUITS - An imager with a switch circuit located between, and connected to, the pixel array and associated readout chains. In one embodiment the switch is located within the column sample and hold circuitry; in another embodiment the switch is located between the column sample and hold circuitry and the readout chains. The switch circuit ensures that signals from the column sample and hold circuitry are directed to enabled readout chains, which allows selective enabling/disabling of readout chains. By disabling readout chains, the imager's power consumption is reduced.05-06-2010
20100214463SOLID STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME - In a solid-state imaging apparatus, during a horizontal scanning period, a pixel signal is written in a first holding unit, while a horizontal scanning circuit outputs, to the horizontal common output line, the other pixel signal held by a second holding unit. And, a transition time of an edge of a sampling pulse during the horizontal scanning period is set longer than a transition time of an edge of the sampling pulse during a time period other than the horizontal scanning period.08-26-2010
20100110253PHYSICAL QUANTITY DETECTING DEVICE, METHOD OF DRIVING THE PHYSICAL QUANTITY DETECTING DEVICE AND IMAGING APPARATUS - A physical quantity detecting device includes: a pixel array that has pixels two-dimensionally arranged in a matrix, each converting a physical quantity supplied from the outside into an electric signal; a driving circuit that scans, as read rows, N rows of pixels (N is an integer equal to or larger than 3) in the pixel array at the same time and reads out signals corresponding to the pixels in the read rows; and M signal processing circuit groups (105-06-2010
20100194950SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - In a rear surface incidence type CMOS image sensor having a wiring layer 08-05-2010
20100194948SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, DRIVING METHOD OF THE SAME, AND CAMERA INCLUDING THE SAME - The solid-state imaging device according to the present invention includes: pixel units arranged two-dimensionally in rows and columns; signal holding units each holding an analog signal outputted from one of the pixel units in a corresponding one of the columns; and column AD circuits each converting, into a digital signal, the analog signal held by a corresponding one of said signal holding units. The signal holding units and the column AD circuits are respectively provided for the columns of the pixel units. Each of the signal holding units includes: a switching element connected to a column signal line through which the analog signal outputted from the one of the pixel units is transmitted; and a capacitor element holding the analog signal and being connected to the column signal line through the switching element.08-05-2010
20100194949A/D CONVERSION CIRCUIT, SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSOR, AND CAMERA SYSTEM - There are provided an A/D conversion circuit in which a counter is made to be capable of performing counting at both edges of a clock, up/down count values can be switched while the up/down count values are held, and the duty of the counting operation is difficult to be distorted even with the both-edge counting, a solid-state image sensor, and a camera system. An ADC 08-05-2010
20110149135IMAGING ELEMENT AND IMAGING DEVICE - An imaging sensor has a pixel array in which pixels are disposed in a two-dimensional matrix state, a sampling part, a shutter control part, and a clipping circuit. A vertical signal line is coupled to the plurality of pixels disposed in a column direction, and to which a pixel signal is input from the pixels. The sampling part is coupled to the vertical signal line, and to which the pixel signal output to the vertical signal line is input. The shutter control part makes the pixel array to perform a global shutter operation. The clipping circuit is provided at an input side of the sampling part, and clips an electric potential of the vertical signal line to a first clip level before the pixel signal is input from the pixels to the vertical signal line when the shutter control part performs the global shutter operation. As a result, it is possible to stably operate the sampling part even when a global electronic shutter is enabled by a control of a read operation from the pixels.06-23-2011
20110149134SENSOR APPARATUS - The present invention relates to a sensor apparatus having a structure capable of obtaining digital values of signal components with a high accuracy using an A/D conversing circuit with the outputted digital value thereof having a small number of expressive bits. In the sensor apparatus, a voltage value corresponding to the amount of incident light to a photodiode is held by a holding circuit through an integrating circuit and a CDS circuit. Meanwhile, a voltage value corresponding to the amount of incident light to an adjacent photodiode is held by another holding circuit through an integrating circuit and a CDS circuit. The voltage values held by the respective different holding circuits are inputted to a subtracting circuit through different paths. The subtracting circuit outputs a voltage value corresponding to the difference between the two inputted voltage values. In an A/D converting section, the difference voltage outputted from the subtracting circuit is converted into a digital value.06-23-2011
20110149133IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS FOR FINDING IN-FOCUS DIRECTION BASED ON FOCUS SIGNAL AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS - An image pickup apparatus includes an image pickup unit including two-dimensionally arranged photoelectric conversion elements, the image pickup unit being configured to perform an photoelectric conversion of an object image formed on an image pickup plane and to output an image signal, a detector configured to detect a focus signal based on the image signal obtained by moving a focus lens, and a controller configured to find an in-focus direction based on the focus signal and to provide a control so that the focus lens can be moved in the in-focus direction. The controller selects one of a plurality of interruption timings that occur in a synchronization signal in moving the focus lens, and starts moving the focus lens with a selected interruption timing.06-23-2011
20090174800SHIFT REGISTER, AND SOLID STATE IMAGE SENSOR AND CAMERA USING SHIFT REGISTER - The present invention provides a solid state image sensor and a camera using such a solid state image sensor, in which all of stage registers of the shift register can be reset efficiently without increasing the number of pads and/or sensor pins. The solid state image sensor comprises a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements 07-09-2009
20100020215SOLID-STATE IMAGE CAPTURING DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND ELECTRONIC INFORMATION DEVICE - A decrease in a light receiving sensitivity at a peripheral portion of an image capturing area is suppressed, thereby obtaining a solid-state image capturing device with an excellent luminance shading characteristic. In a solid-state image capturing device in which an image capturing area 01-28-2010
20120033119SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging device having a backside illuminated structure, includes: a pixel region in which pixels each having a photoelectric conversion portion and a plurality of pixel transistors are arranged in a two-dimensional matrix; an element isolation region isolating the pixels which is provided in the pixel region and which includes a semiconductor layer provided in a trench by an epitaxial growth; and a light receiving surface at a rear surface side of a semiconductor substrate which is opposite to a multilayer wiring layer.02-09-2012
20110115957BACKSIDE ILLUMINATED IMAGE SENSOR WITH REDUCED DARK CURRENT - A backside illuminated image sensor comprises a sensor layer implementing a plurality of photosensitive elements of a pixel array, and an oxide layer adjacent a backside surface of the sensor layer. The sensor layer comprises a seed layer and an epitaxial layer formed over the seed layer, with the seed layer having a cross-sectional doping profile in which a designated dopant is substantially confined to a pixel array area of the sensor layer. The doping profile advantageously reduces dark current generated at an interface between the sensor layer and the oxide layer. The image sensor may be implemented in a digital camera or other type of digital imaging device.05-19-2011
20120147238IMAGING DEVICE AND IMAGING APPARATUS - An imaging device including: image generation pixels generating signals for image generation; and phase difference detection pixels generating signals for focus alignment determination by phase difference detection is disclosed. The first lines where the image generation pixels are arranged in a specific direction and second lines where the phase difference detection pixels are arranged in the specific direction are alternately arranged in a direction perpendicular to the specific direction. The image generation pixels and the phase difference detection pixels are alternately arranged so that the image generation pixels constituting the first line and the phase difference detection pixels constituting the second line adjacent to the first line overlap by portions thereof in the perpendicular direction.06-14-2012
20120038808SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE - A solid state imaging device includes a plurality of pixels, a plurality of vertical signal lines, a plurality of sample hold sections, a horizontal output section, and a horizontal scanning circuit. The horizontal output section is made up of a plurality of first horizontal signal lines connected to at least two or more vertical signal lines, and second horizontal signal lines connected to the plurality of first horizontal signal lines via the selection switches. The horizontal scanning circuit controls so that at least two of the plurality of selection switches are turned on and the pixel signal is output to the second horizontal signal lines when the pixel signal held in the sample hold sections is output to the horizontal signal lines.02-16-2012
20110164160IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - An A/D conversion unit (07-07-2011
20120057060IMAGE SENSING DEVICE - In order to stably detect a flicker under an illumination of a fluorescent lamp with an XY-addressed-scanning type image sensor used and to cancel the flicker, the present invention provides an image sensing device, wherein a video signal in any area on an imaging plane is first integrated per frame period, then an integrated value in a current frame is sequentially compared with a one-frame previously integrated value, next whether a variation pattern of the integrated value matches one of flicker patterns when the flicker occurs is determined, then an existence of the flicker is determined when an identical flicker pattern is seen more than two consecutive times.03-08-2012
20120008031SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND IMAGING SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging apparatus has a pixel array in which a plurality of pixels are arranged to form a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns, and a plurality of column signal lines are arranged, wherein each of the plurality of pixels includes a photoelectric converter including a first well formed in a semiconductor substrate and having a first conductivity type, and an impurity region arranged in the first well and having a second conductivity type different from the first conductivity type, and an in-pixel readout circuit which outputs, to the column signal line, a signal corresponding to charges generated in the photoelectric converter, the in-pixel readout circuit including a circuit element arranged in a second well having the first conductivity type, and wherein the first well and the second well are isolated by a semiconductor region having the second conductivity type.01-12-2012
20120013779Multispectral imaging for quantitative contrast of functional and structural layers inside optically dense media such as tissue - A method for the evaluation of target media parameters in the visible and near infrared is disclosed. The apparatus comprises a light source, an illuminator/collector, optional illumination wavelength selector, an optional light gating processor, an imager, detected wavelength selector, controller, analyzer and a display unit. The apparatus illuminates an in situ sample of the target media in the visible through near infrared spectral region using multiple wavelengths and gated light. The sample absorbs some of the light while a large portion of the light is diffusely scattered within the sample. Scattering disperses the light in all directions. A fraction of the deeply penetrating scattered light exits the sample and may be detected in an imaging fashion using wavelength selection and an optical imaging system. The method extends the dynamic range of the optical imager by extracting additional information from the detected light that is used to provide reconstructed contrast of smaller concentrations of chromophores. The light detected from tissue contains unique spectral information related to various components of the tissue. Using a reiterative calibration method, the acquired spectra and images are analyzed and displayed in near real time in such a manner as to characterize functional and structural information of the target tissue.01-19-2012
20120057059SINGLE PHOTON COUNTING IMAGE SENSOR AND METHOD - A single photon counting image sensor and method is provided. In one aspect, the method of an image sensor includes counting through a counter circuit a number of photons detected through a photodiode when a light is incident on the photodiode. The method also includes storing in a memory circuit a time a count of the number of photons take to match a reference count of the number of photons. In another aspect, an image sensor device includes a pixel circuit. The image sensor device also includes a photodiode circuit of the pixel circuit to detect photons when a light is incident on the photodiode circuit. The image sensor device further includes a counter circuit of the pixel circuit coupled to the photodiode circuit to count a number of photons detected when a light is incident on the avalanche photo diode.03-08-2012
20120307121Image Acquisition Using Oversampled One-Bit Poisson Statistics - In an image sensor pixels in an array of binary pixels are sampled with a first oversampling factor during a first frame interval, and then sampled with a second oversampling factor during a second frame interval, the second oversampling factor exceeding the first oversampling factor.12-06-2012
20120307120SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging device includes a pixel array with unit pixels each having a photoelectric conversion device arranged in a matrix. Column signal lines are wired with respect to one column in the pixel arrangement and pixels are regularly connected to the column signal lines in accordance with rows in which pixels are positioned. A pixel signal reading unit has a column processing unit that reads pixel signals in units of plural pixels from the pixel array and performs column processing to read signals on a column basis, wherein the pixel signal reading unit includes a column input unit which can connect one or plural column signal lines arranged at a corresponding column to an input of one column processing unit through plural capacitors connected in parallel The column input unit has switches which can change a connection state between capacitors and column signal lines corresponding to the column.12-06-2012
20120307119SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME, AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging device includes: a pixel section in which a plurality of pixels including a photoelectric conversion element are arranged in a matrix; a pixel driving section that drives the pixels in a row unit so as to read out a pixel signal from the pixel section; a column processing section that performs a column process, synchronized with a first clock of a first frequency previously selected, on the pixel signal read out by driving of the pixel driving section; and a rate conversion control section that performs a rate conversion control of data processed in the column processing section in accordance with rate conversion information. The rate conversion control section includes a first rate converter, a second rate converter, a data rate conversion section, and a data output section.12-06-2012
20120026373WIDE DYNAMIC RANGE CMOS IMAGE SENSOR - An image sensor with a pixel array that includes at least one pixel. The sensor may also include a circuit that is connected to the pixel and provides a final image pixel value that is a function of a sampled reset output signal generated from the pixel. The final image pixel value is set to a reserved value if the sampled reset output signal exceeds a threshold. The final image may be a function of first, second and/or third images and a field that provides information on whether the final image includes a first exposure rate, a second exposure rate and/or a third exposure rate.02-02-2012
20120026372Image pickup apparatus - An image pickup apparatus in which, a taking lens is installable or fixed, includes 02-02-2012
20120062775Power gate circuit, solid-state imaging device, and camera system - A power gate circuit includes: a power gate switch connected at least between a reference potential terminal of a circuit to be power-gated and a reference potential or between a power supply terminal of the circuit to be power-gated and a power supply; a capacity connected to a gate of the power gate switch; a pulse generating section supplying a pulse signal to the gate of the power gate switch according to a control signal; and a power gate control section outputting the control signal to the pulse generating section to supply the pulse signal to the gate of the power gate switch when the power gate switch is turned on and accumulating electrical charges in the capacity to control a gate potential of the power gate switch such that the potential gradually approaches a potential at which the power gate switch is turned on.03-15-2012
20110096218NANOWIRE PHOTODIODES - A photodiode includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a nanowire comprising a semiconductor core and a semiconductor shell. The nanowire has a first end and a second end, the first end being in electrical contact with the first electrode and the second end being in contact with the second electrode.04-28-2011
20110080508SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - In a solid-state image pickup device, it is difficult to match an optimum incidence angle corresponding to an image height of a pixel array region with light incidence characteristics of a camera lens, thereby causing image quality deterioration due to sensitivity shading. Respective microlenses are disposed in a two-dimensional manner, i.e., in a row and a column directions. In particular, the microlenses are disposed such that each side of a disposition region where the microlenses are disposed has a concave curve with respect to a line connecting adjacent vertexes of the disposition region. In other words, a distance A04-07-2011
20120154654IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF - An image pickup apparatus and a method thereof are provided. The apparatus includes a sensor array and an ADC array. The sensor array includes M×N sensor blocks SB(i,j). The sensor block includes P×Q image sensing elements Se(x,y). The ADC array is located at another side of the illuminated side of the sensor array. The ADC array includes M×N ADCs ADC(i,j). The ADC(i,j) coupled to the sensor block SB(i,j) obtains the image data Data(x,y) from the image sensing element Se(x,y) of the sensor block SB(i,j). The ADC(i,j) evaluates the gain G(x,y) based on the position of the image sensing element Se(x,y). The compensated image data Datacom(x,y) can be outputted and Datacom(x,y)=Data(x,y)×G(x,y). The image pickup apparatus could improve the optical shading problem.06-21-2012
20120154653SUSPENDING COLUMN ADDRESSING IN IMAGE SENSORS - An image sensor includes a two-dimensional array of pixels having multiple column outputs and an output circuit connected to each column output. Each output circuit is configured to operate concurrent sample and read operations. A timing generator outputs a column address sequence that is received by a column decoder that is electrically connected to each output circuit. The timing generator suspends the output of the column address sequence during a sample operation and resumes the output of the column address sequence at the end of the sample operation.06-21-2012
20120249850A/D CONVERTER AND SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - In an A/D converter, a ramp unit generates a reference signal that increases or decreases over time. A comparison unit starts a comparison process of comparing an analog signal to the reference signal at a timing related to input of the analog signal and ends the comparison process at a timing at which the reference signal satisfies a predetermined condition with respect to the analog signal. A VCO includes a plurality of delay units having the same configuration and starts a transition process at a timing related to the start of the comparison process. A count unit counts a clock from the VCO. A low-order latch unit latches a low-order logic state, which is a logic state of the plurality of delay units, at a first timing related to the end of the comparison process. A high-order latch unit latches a high-order logic state.10-04-2012
20120300104IMAGE SENSOR AND IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS - An image sensor comprises a first imaging pixel and a second imaging pixel each of which detects an object image formed by a photographing optical system and generates a recording image. Each of the first imaging pixel and the second imaging pixel comprises a plurality of photoelectric conversion units segmented in a first direction, the plurality of photoelectric conversion units have an ability of photoelectrically converting images formed by split light beams out of a light beam from the photographing optical system and outputting focus detection signals to be used to detect a phase difference. A base-line length of photoelectric conversion units to be used to detect the phase difference included in the first imaging pixel is longer than that of photoelectric conversion units to be used to detect the phase difference included in the second imaging pixel.11-29-2012
20100245643SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP ELEMENT AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A pixel driving portion 09-30-2010
20100208113SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE - A solid state imaging device 08-19-2010
20120133811Pixel for correlated double sampling with global shutter - A method of scanning pixels, each pixel including a photodiode and a sense node formed in the substrate, including a transfer gate coupled between the photodiode and the sense node, and including a memory gate coupled between the photodiode and the transfer gate. The method switches a control signal, connected to a memory gate electrode of all pixels, alternately between a first voltage and a second voltage that is intermediate between the first voltage and a substrate voltage. The first voltage transfers all photo charge in each photodiode into the respective memory gate. The second voltage both (1) holds all photo charge already transferred into the memory gate and (2) blocks further transfer of photo charges into each memory gate. The method further includes reading out photo charge from the memory gate on a row-by-row basis while the control signal is at the second voltage.05-31-2012
20120314111IMAGING DEVICE AND SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE - A row scanning unit activates a synchronous curtain shutter mode in which pixel reset scan is performed and exposure of the imaging area is started by the pixel reset scan and is ended by light shielding by a mechanical curtain shutter, the pixel reset scan meaning that scan on a row-by-row basis is performed on pixel reset in which the photodiodes are reset by turning on the transfer transistors and a corresponding reset transistor, wherein in the mechanical curtain synchronous shutter mode, the pixel reset scan according to the traveling characteristics of the mechanical curtain shutter is performed, and the pixel reset scan includes performing a pixel reset operation simultaneously on the unit cells of different rows.12-13-2012
20100188540IMAGING DEVICE - The present invention relates to improved imaging devices having high dynamic range and to monitoring and automatic control systems incorporating the improved imaging devices.07-29-2010
20120169910IMAGE SENSOR AND IMAGE CAPTURE DEVICE - In one embodiment of the present invention, an image capture device includes an image sensor 07-05-2012
20100271523SOLID-STATE IMAGE CAPTURING DEVICE AND CAMERA - A solid-state image capturing device according to the present invention includes: pixel units arranged in rows and columns for outputting pixel signals corresponding to the amount of received light; and a first and a second vertical signal lines which are provided in each column of the pixel units and transmit the pixel signals. The pixel units in each of the columns are connected to the first and second vertical signal lines such that plural pixel signals of the same color are distributed among the plural vertical signal lines. The pixel signals of the same color in each of the columns may be evenly distributed among the vertical signal lines.10-28-2010
20100271522SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE - The present invention provides a solid-state imaging device which is capable of high-speed and high-quality pixel mixture. The solid-state imaging device includes: a plurality of pixels; a row selecting circuit; a plurality of column signal lines each of which is provided to a corresponding one of columns of pixels, is connected to pixels of the corresponding column, and transfers the signals outputted from the connected pixels; a pixel current source which (i) is provided to a corresponding one of the column signal lines, (ii) is connected to the corresponding column signal line, and (iii) supplies to the connected column signal line a current when the signal is outputted from the selected pixel to the connected column signal line; and a control unit which changes the number of rows of pixels being simultaneously selected by the row selecting circuit, and values of the current supplied by the pixel current source.10-28-2010
20100271521DA CONVERTER, SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, AND CAMERA SYSTEM - A digital-to-analog (DA) converter includes: an analog output section that generates an output current corresponding to a value of a digital signal in response to a bias voltage and outputs an analog signal which is obtained from the output current by current-to-voltage conversion; a current source; a current control section that converts a current from the current source to a voltage signal and outputs the voltage signal as the bias voltage; and a sample and hold circuit section that samples and holds the bias voltage from the current control section and supplies the held bias voltage to the analog output section.10-28-2010
20100271520Da converter, solid-state imaging device, and camera system - A DA converter includes: an analog signal output section that generates an output current and a non-output current according to a value of a digital input signal in response to a gain control signal supplied to adjust gain, and that outputs an analog signal produced by current-voltage conversion of the output current and causes the non-output current to flow to a reference potential; a gain control signal generating section that generates a gain current and a non-select current according to a value of a digital gain control signal, and that generates the gain control signal by current-voltage conversion of the gain current and supplies the gain control signal to the analog signal output section; and a correction current generating section that generates, based on the non-select current of the gain control signal generating section, a correction current that complements an amount of current fluctuation due to changes in gain settings in the gain control signal generating section, and that causes the correction current to flow to the reference potential.10-28-2010
20100271519Binary conversion circuit and method, AD converter, solid-state imaging device, and camera system - A binary conversion circuit includes: a latch circuit that latches phase information of at least one clock signal when the level of a signal is inverted, the level of the signal being inverted based on its state; at least one conversion circuit that converts the latched phase information of the latch circuit to a pulse train in response to a pulse signal; and a ripple counter section that converts phase information of a clock to a binary code by using the pulse obtained by the conversion of the conversion circuit as a count clock.10-28-2010
20120075513MICROGRID IMAGING POLARIMETERS WITH FREQUENCY DOMAIN RECONSTRUCTION - A polarization camera includes a microlement polarizer that is situated in proximity to a focal plane array. The microlement polarizer is selectively scanned with respect to an optical image direct to the focal plane array, and an image processor stores a set of images associated with the scanning. Based on the stored images, a polarization image can be produced and displayed. A periodic microelement polarizer modulates the individual images of the set, and these images can be processed by filtering in the spatial frequency domain to isolate contributions associated with one or a combination of Stokes parameters. After filtering, Stokes parameter based images can be obtained by demodulating and inverse Fourier transforming the filtered frequency domain data.03-29-2012
20110102656Timing adjustment circuit, solid-state image pickup element, and camera system - A timing adjustment circuit includes at least one data line; a phase synchronization circuit that includes a plurality of oscillation delay elements which oscillate an oscillation signal, and that is configured to oscillate the oscillation signal by synchronizing a phase of a feedback clock with a phase of a reference clock; at least one delay circuit that includes a delay element which is disposed on the data line and which is equivalent to one of the plurality of oscillation delay elements, and that is configured to delay data which is to be transmitted on the data line; and a delay adjustment unit configured to adjust an amount of delay of the delay element of the delay circuit in accordance with a signal associated with oscillation of the phase synchronization circuit.05-05-2011
20110102655IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS AND REFERENCE POSITION DETECTION METHOD - An image pickup apparatus includes: a photoelectric transduction portion to transduce an optical image of a subject formed on an image plane through a lens to output an image signal; a movement portion provided between the photoelectric transduction portion and a base to move the photoelectric transduction portion relative to the base; an illumination portion placed at a predetermined position from the base to emit light onto the image plane of the photoelectric transduction portion in a state in which a shutter is closed to block light entering from the lens; a light-blocking portion placed at a predetermined position from the base to interrupt part of light from the illumination portion at between the illumination portion and the image plane; an adjustment image obtaining portion to obtain an image signal output by the photoelectric transduction portion as a result of photoelectric transduction, in a state in which the illumination portion emits light; and a relative position detection portion to detect a relative position of the photoelectric transduction portion with respect to the base, based on an image of the light-blocking portion that is included in an image based on the obtained image signal.05-05-2011
20120218451IMAGING PIXELS WITH DUMMY TRANSISTORS THAT REDUCE RESET CHARGE INJECTION - An imaging system may include imaging pixels. Each imaging pixel may include a reset transistor and a dummy transistor coupled to a floating diffusion storage node. When reset signals control are deasserted, capacitive coupling between the gate terminal of the reset transistor and the source-drain terminals of the reset transistor may lead to reset charge injection. The dummy transistor may have both of its source-drain terminals shorted together and shorted to the floating diffusion region. Dummy control signals, which may be provided by separate dummy control lines or may be provided using row-select signals, may be asserted on the dummy transistors at approximately the same time that the reset signals are deasserted. With arrangements of this type, the dummy control signals may inject an approximately equal and opposite charge onto the floating diffusion region, thereby reducing the reset charge injection caused by deasserting the reset control signals.08-30-2012
20120257092PIXEL, PIXEL ARRAY, IMAGE SENSOR INCLUDING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE IMAGE SENSOR - Disclosed are a pixel, a pixel array, an image sensor including the pixel array and a method for operating the image sensor. The pixel includes a photo-electro conversion unit; a capacitor for storing charges converted by the photo-electro conversion unit; an output switching device for outputting an electric potential of the capacitor; and a removal unit for removing a part of the charges converted by the photo-electro conversion unit.10-11-2012
20120257094IMAGING DEVICES OPERABLE WITH MULTIPLE ASPECT RATIOS - Imaging devices including a novel imaging system wherein a 2-dimensional pixel array has a diagonal dimension larger than the diameter measurement of the image circle, thereby being capable of handling rectangular images with multiple aspect ratios. These new imaging devices can be used in various electronic imaging apparatus with or without a lens system.10-11-2012
20120257093PIXEL, PIXEL ARRAY, IMAGE SENSOR INCLUDING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE IMAGE SENSOR - Disclosed are a pixel, a pixel array, an image sensor including the pixel array and a method for operating the image sensor. The pixel includes a photo-electro conversion unit; a first capacitor for storing a first quantity of charges of the photo-electro conversion unit; a second capacitor for storing a second quantity of charges of the photo-electro conversion unit; and an output unit to output the first and second quantities of the charges.10-11-2012
20120314110IMAGING APPARATUS AND IMAGING SYSTEM - Because a conventionally known imaging apparatus includes a buffer element for each signal processing circuit, the number of buffer elements increases in proportion to the number of signal processing circuits. The delayed supply of a drive signal within a group of a plurality of signal processing circuits may require the operation timing margin to be set longer. In other words, the operational speed is hard to increase. First buffer circuits connected in series and second buffer circuits connected in parallel with the first buffer circuits are provided, and one second buffer circuit supplies a drive signal to a plurality of signal processing units.12-13-2012
20120268635IMAGING APPARATUS AND COLOR CONTAMINATION CORRECTION METHOD - An imaging apparatus includes a solid-state imaging device which is provided with plural pixels arranged in two-dimensional array form on a photodetecting surface of a semiconductor substrate, pixels on even-numbered rows are shifted from pixels on odd-numbered rows by a half pixel pitch, color-filters are Bayer-arranged over the respective pixels of the odd-numbered rows, and color-filters are Bayer-arranged over the respective pixels of the even-numbered rows; and an imaging device driving section for reading shot image signals of the pixels of the odd-numbered rows and shot image signals of the pixels of the even-numbered rows divisionally in separate frames. A color contamination correction is performed on a shot image signal of a pixel of attention using shot image signals of plural pixels around the pixel of attention among shot image signals, read out divisionally, of the pixels of one of the odd-numbered rows.10-25-2012
20090040350IMAGING SYSTEM - An imaging system comprises an image sensing apparatus including a pixel array, a row selection unit, and a readout unit; and a supply unit including a plurality of A/D converting units, and a transfer unit. The supply unit supplies a power supply voltage to an A/D converting unit which, of the plurality of A/D converting units, receives signals from the pixels in the pixel array by means of the transfer unit, and does not supply a power supply voltage to an A/D converting unit which, of the plurality of A/D converting units, receives no signals from the pixels in the pixel array by means of the transfer unit, in a 1-line period. The readout unit A/D-converts the signals from the pixels in the pixel array using the A/D converting unit supplied with the power supply voltage by the supply unit, and outputs a digital image signal.02-12-2009
20090021622SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS - A solid-state imaging apparatus including: a pixel section with a plurality of pixels that are two-dimensionally arranged, the pixels including a first pixel having a first input section for accumulating a signal associated with object image, a first amplification section for amplifying signals accumulated at the first input section so as to generate a first pixel signal, a first reset section for resetting the first input section, and a first select section for selecting the first amplification section to cause the first pixel signal to be outputted onto a signal output line, and a second pixel having a second input section for accumulating a signal corresponding to a noise generated at the first input section, a second amplification section for amplifying signals accumulated at the second input section so as to generate a second pixel signal, a second reset section for resetting the second input section, and a second select section for selecting the second amplification section to cause the second pixel signal to be outputted onto the signal output line; a control section for, after simultaneously and concurrently resetting all the first and second input sections, effecting control so as to cause all the first input sections to concurrently and simultaneously accumulate the signal associated with the object image having the same exposure start timing; a correction data retaining section for retaining correction data to correct a characteristic variance between the first input section and the second input section; and a variance correction section for generating a third pixel signal corresponding to a difference between the first pixel signal and the second pixel signal where the characteristic variance is corrected based on the correction data.01-22-2009
20120081587Image Sensor - An image sensor includes an objective lens arranged on an optical axis; a substrate including a plurality of photoelectric conversion devices; and a micro lens layer including a plurality of micro lenses corresponding to each of the plurality of photoelectric conversion devices, respectively, wherein the plurality of micro lenses includes a central micro lens corresponding to a central portion of the objective lens, and an edge micro lens corresponding to an edge portion of the objective lens, and the plurality of micro lenses are configured such that focal lengths of the micro lenses increase from the central micro lens toward the edge micro lens.04-05-2012
20120262614MISSING CODE REDISTRIBUTION IN PIPELINE ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER - A stage of pipeline analog to digital converter (ADC) includes a multiplying digital to analog converter (MDAC) and a sub-analog to digital converter (sub-ADC). The sub-ADC includes a comparator and a random offset controller. The comparator is coupled to compare a first analog signal received by the stage with a reference signal. The random offset controller is coupled to the comparator to apply a random offset to an input of the comparator to randomly distribute errors by the sub-ADC in a digital output of the pipeline ADC.10-18-2012
20100328512System and Method for a High Dynamic Range Sensitive Sensor Element or Array - A method is disclosed of a heterogeneous image sensor array comprising more than one image sensor structures that are interconnected. The final image sensor array image output for each image sensor structure or pixel is computed using single image sensor structure output data or output data from more than one image sensor structures. The heterogeneous array exhibits complexity, cost, power consumption, device yields and reliability benefits when compared to other image sensor array structures.12-30-2010
20120268636SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS - In a solid-state image sensing apparatus of an addressing method, a clock-conversion part generates a high-speed clock signal having a frequency two times or more the frequency of a low-speed clock signal. A signal processing part receives 10-bit pixel data through a horizontal signal line, performs predetermined signal processing, and passes parallel-format data to a switching part. The switching part selects each one bit of the parallel-format 10-bit data in a predetermined sequence to output from an output terminal using the high-speed clock signal from the clock-conversion part as a switching command, thus converts the parallel-format data into serial-format data, and passes it to an output buffer. The output buffer externally outputs differential output of normal video data and inverted video data individually from output terminals. Accordingly, the problems in power consumption, noises, and unnecessary radiation are solved, and higher-speed output is achieved.10-25-2012
20100231768SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - There is provided a solid-state image pickup device including ADCs that can be arranged in a limited space. The potential of a pixel signal outputted through a vertical readout line is held at a node. A plurality of capacitors are capacitively coupled to the node at which the pixel signal is held. The potential of the node is decreased in a stepwise manner by sequentially switching the voltages of the counter electrodes of the capacitors by the control of transistors. A comparator compares the potential of the node with the potential of the dark state of the pixel, and determines the upper bits of a digital value when the potential of the node becomes lower than the potential of the dark state. Following this, the conversion of the lower bits of the digital value is started. Therefore, it is possible to simplify the configuration of each ADC and arrange each ADC in a limited space.09-16-2010
20120327281ELECTRONIC APPARATUS AND DRIVING METHOD THEREFOR - An electronic apparatus includes: a pixel array section in which pixels including photoelectric conversion sections that generate signal charges corresponding to amounts of light, charge accumulation sections that receive the signal charges from the corresponding photoelectric conversion sections and that are shared thereby, and pixel transistors that read out the signal charges generated by the corresponding photoelectric conversion sections and that are shared thereby are two-dimensionally arranged in a matrix; a solid-state image capture device including a scanner that can drive the pixels so that exposure periods of all of the pixels are simultaneously started, that can drive the pixels so that the exposure periods of all of the pixels are simultaneously ended, and that sequentially selects and scans the pixels in readout periods; and a mechanical shutter that determines an end of the exposure periods for still-image shooting.12-27-2012
20120092539Image Pickup Apparatus - An inflection point variation correction unit 04-19-2012
20100214462SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING THE SAME - A frame rate is improved in accordance with the number of times pixels are summed without increasing an operating frequency of a column scanning circuit, when pixel summation is performed between columns. According to the invention, a row scanner selectively controls unit pixels of a pixel array unit on a row-by-row basis. A column-by-column AD converter is provided in each of columns in the pixel array unit and converts an analog signal of each of the pixels in the rows selected by the row scanner into a digital signal. A column-by-column summer is provided in each of the columns and sums the digital signal of each of the pixels in the rows selected by the row scanner on a column-by-column basis. An input-output selector is provided between the column-by-column AD converters and the column-by-column summers, and selects the column-by-column AD converter of any arbitrary column as an input destination, while selecting the column-by-column summer of any arbitrary column as an output destination. A column scanner serially outputs summation results of the column-by-column summers by scanning columns. A controller controls the timing of the operations of the row scanner, the column-by-column AD converters, the input-output selector and the column-by-column summers.08-26-2010
20090273696IMAGE SENSORS AND METHODS WITH ANTIBLOOMING CHANNELS AND TWO SIDE DRIVING OF CONTROL SIGNALS - An image sensor of various embodiments includes a pixel array. The pixel array includes a pixel having a photodiode and a transfer gate. The pixel array in various embodiments further includes an antiblooming channel extending from the photodiode to either (i) a pixel output area, or (ii) a drain of a source follower transistor. A method of some embodiments includes (i) driving from a first row driver one or more control signals over one or more control lines to one or more pixels, and (ii) driving from a second row driver the one or more control signals over the one or more control lines to the one or more pixels.11-05-2009
20130016262IMAGER EXPOSURE CONTROLAANM MAJEWICZ; PETER I.AACI BoiseAAST IDAACO USAAGP MAJEWICZ; PETER I. Boise ID USAANM MELIN; JENNIFER L.AACI BoiseAAST IDAACO USAAGP MELIN; JENNIFER L. Boise ID US - One example discloses a method for producing an image of a scene. An ambient image of the scene illuminated only by ambient light is captured. A percentage of pixels in the calibration image having a digital count greater than a threshold digital count is determined. A first image capture technique is performed if a percentage of pixels in the ambient image having a digital count greater than a threshold digital count is above a threshold percentage. A second image capture technique is performed if the percentage of pixels in the ambient image having a digital count greater than a threshold digital count is not above the threshold percentage.01-17-2013
20130016263SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS USING THE SAMEAANM Sato; MamoruAACI KanagawaAACO JPAAGP Sato; Mamoru Kanagawa JPAANM Sakakibara; MasakiAACI KanagawaAACO JPAAGP Sakakibara; Masaki Kanagawa JP - Disclosed herein is a solid-state imaging device including: a photoelectric conversion portion generating signal electric charges corresponding to a quantity of light; a pixel array block having pixels, each of the pixels including three or more electric charge accumulating portions having a first electric charge accumulating portion, a second electric charge accumulating portion, and a third electric charge accumulating portion, and plural pixel transistors; a scanning block carrying out scanning in such a way that accumulation periods of time for the signal electric charges become simultaneous for all of the pixels, and scanning reading-out of the low illuminance signal and the high illuminance signal; and an arithmetic operation processing portion acquiring a false signal accumulated in the third electric charge accumulating portion before the reading-out of the low illuminance signal, and correcting the low illuminance signal and the high illuminance signal by using the false signal.01-17-2013
20110157443IMAGE SENSING APPARATUS - An image sensing apparatus is provided, which is provided with a plurality of image sensing elements each including a plurality of photoelectric conversion sections and an adding circuit adapted to add signals from the plurality of photoelectric conversion sections to obtain a one-pixel signal, wherein the adding circuit adds the signals such that the one-pixel signals obtained by the addition are arranged at equal intervals in an area extending over the plurality of Image sensing elements.06-30-2011
20110157442SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE - A row scanner selects an arbitrary row in an pixel array unit. Per-column AD converters separately convert voltage signals respectively outputted from a column of a plurality of unit pixels in the selected arbitrary row into digital signals. A column scanner sequentially outputs the digital signals by a column-scanning operation thereof. An AD conversion result adjuster judges whether or not the digital signals reach a predetermined judgment value or the status equivalent to the digital signals reaching the predetermined judgment value is generated, and fixes the digital signals to digital pixel values set in accordance with the predetermined judgment value when a result of the judgment is positive.06-30-2011
20130021510IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS CAPABLE OF CHANGING OPERATION CONDITION OF IMAGE SENSING DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR - An image pickup apparatus capable of ensuring a dynamic range suitable for an image shooting condition and capable of reducing noise. The image pickup apparatus includes an image sensing device having floating diffusion units that are provided corresponding to pixels and that convert electrical charges accumulated in the pixels into voltage signals, which are output as pixel signals from pixel amplifiers. At that time, according to an image shooting condition, at least parts of connection switches corresponding to the floating diffusion units are sequentially turned on or all the connection switches are turned off, whereby the connection switches are connected to or disconnected from connection lines to thereby change capacity components connected to pixel amplifiers. This contributes to dynamic range expansion or noise reduction.01-24-2013
20130176470SOLID-STATE IMAGING APPARATUS AND IMAGING SYSTEM - A solid-state imaging apparatus having a pixel array is provided. The apparatus includes one or more ground lines and one or more power supply lines for supplying power to the pixels. Each of the pixels includes an photoelectric conversion element and an A/D converter for converting an analog signal corresponding to a charge generated by the photoelectric conversion element into a digital signal. At least one of the plurality of pixels includes at least a portion of a capacitance element having a first electrode connected to one of the one or more power supply lines, and a second electrode connected to one of the one or more ground lines.07-11-2013
20130093933ELECTRIC CAMERA - An electric camera includes an image sensing device with a light receiving surface having N vertically arranged pixels and an arbitrary number of pixels arranged horizontally, N being equal to or more than three times the number of effective scanning lines M of a display screen of a television system, a driver to drive the image sensing device to vertically mix or cull signal charges accumulated in individual pixels of K pixels to produce, during a vertical effective scanning period of the television system, a number of lines of output signals which corresponds to 1/K the number of vertically arranged pixels N of the image sensing device, K being an integer equal to or less than an integral part of a quotient of N divided by M, and a signal processing unit having a function of generating image signals by using the output signals of the image sensing device.04-18-2013
20130100328SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND IMAGING DEVICE - A solid-state imaging device simultaneously completes pixel reset operation on all of pixels included in a unit cell when performing pixel reset scanning in a curtain shutter synchronous mode. The pixel reset operation is processing in which a photodiode corresponding to one of transfer transistors is reset. The pixel reset scanning is processing in which the pixel reset operation is performed on a row basis. The curtain shutter synchronous mode is a mode in which exposure of an imaging region to incident light is started by the pixel reset scanning and ended by blocking the incident light by a mechanical curtain shutter provided on an optical path of the incident light.04-25-2013
20130113968OPTICAL ISOLATION OF OPTICALLY BLACK PIXELS IN IMAGE SENSORS - Optical isolation is provided for optically black pixels in image sensors. Image sensors, such as backside illumination (BSI) image sensors, may have an active pixel array and an array having optically black pixels. Isolation structures such as a metal wall may be formed in a dielectric stack between an active pixel array and optically black pixels. Patterned shallow trench isolation regions or polysilicon regions may be formed in a substrate between an active pixel array and optically black pixels. An absorption region such as a germanium-doped absorption region may be formed in a substrate between an active pixel array and optically black pixels. Optical isolation and absorption regions may be formed in a ring surrounding an active pixel array.05-09-2013
20130113967APPARATUS COMPRISING IMAGE SENSOR ARRAY HAVING GLOBAL SHUTTER SHARED BY A PLURALITY OF PIXELS - There is set forth herein in one embodiment an image sensor array including a global shutter shared by first and second pixels. The global shutter can include a charge storage area having an associated shield for reducing charge build up on the charge storage area attributable to incident light rays. There is set forth herein in one embodiment an imaging apparatus having one or more configuration. The one or more configuration can include one or more of a configuration wherein a frame read out from an image sensor array has unbinned pixel values, a configuration wherein a frame read out from an image sensor array has binned pixel values corresponding to an M×N, M>=2, N>=2 arrangement of pixel values, and a configuration wherein a frame read out from an image sensor array has binned pixel values corresponding to a 1×N, N>=2 arrangement of pixel values.05-09-2013
20130128086IMAGING DEVICE - An imaging device has a sensor chip and a signal processing chip. The sensor chip includes a pixel array in which a plurality of pixels are arranged in a 2-dimensional matrix and a data output terminal group made up of a plurality of data output terminals which output analog signals of pixels for each pixel column of the pixel array. The signal processing chip includes a data input terminal group electrically coupled to the data output terminal group, a plurality of A/D converters which convert analog signals of pixels received by the data input terminal group into digital signals for each pixel column of the pixel array, and a control unit which controls operation of the plurality of A/D converters.05-23-2013
20130141619IMAGE SENSORS AND IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICES INCLUDING THE SAME - An image sensor may include a photodiode configured to convert an optical signal into photogenerated charge, a sensing node adjacent to the photodiode and configured to sense the photogenerated charge, a read-out circuit configured to convert the photogenerated charge into an electrical signal and to output the electrical signal through an output line, and/or at least one capacitor formed between the sensing node and a conversion gain control line. The conversion gain control line corresponding to the at least one capacitor may be selectively connected to a ground line or the output line based on at least one control signal.06-06-2013
20130141620SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE, IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE, AND SIGNAL READING METHOD - A solid-state image pickup device in which a first substrate and a second substrate including circuit elements forming pixels and disposed therein are electrically connected by a connection unit, may include an averaging circuit that averages signals accumulated in signal accumulation circuits respectively included in the two or more pixels that are pixels included in the same group and are averaging targets, and an output circuit that outputs the averaged signals from the pixels. The pixels may be classified into a plurality of groups and each group may include the plurality of pixels. The pixels may include photoelectric conversion elements disposed in the first substrate, and the signal accumulation circuits that are disposed in the second substrate and accumulate signals that are generated by the photoelectric conversion elements and are input via the connection unit.06-06-2013
20110273602Optical Device and Signal Processor11-10-2011
20130147997SOLID-STATE IMAGE CAPTURE DEVICE, DRIVE METHOD THEREFOR, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS - A solid-state image capture device includes unit pixels including transfer gates that transfer charges to diffusion layers, the charges being obtained by photoelectric conversion performed by photoelectric converting sections; signal lines to which signals output from the unit pixels are read out: current sources connected to the signal lines; and a driver that electrically cuts off connections between the unit pixels and the signal lines and the signal lines and the current sources in a transfer period of the transfer gates.06-13-2013
20130147998IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS AND FOCUS DETECTION METHOD - An image capturing apparatus performs focus detection based on a pair of image signals obtained from an image sensor including pixels each having a pair of photoelectric conversion units capable of outputting the pair of image signals obtained by independently receiving a pair of light beams that have passed through different exit pupil regions of an imaging optical system. In the focus detection, an f-number of the imaging optical system is acquired, the pair of image signals undergo filtering using a first filter formed from an summation filter when the f-number is less than a predetermined threshold, or using a second filter formed from the summation filter and a differential filter when the f-number is not less than the threshold, and focus detection is performed by a phase difference method based on the pair of filtered image signals.06-13-2013
20120274823IMAGING DEVICE - An imaging device includes a pixel array in which pixels each including a photoelectric conversion part generating and storing a signal charge in accordance with incident light are disposed in a two-dimensional matrix state, and a vertical scanning circuit performing a reset of the photoelectric conversion part by each selected row, and performing a reading of a signal of the pixel by each selected row. During a read period performing the reading, the vertical scanning circuit performs the reset for the photoelectric conversion part at an arbitrary row of which reading ends in accordance with a change of the number of rows to which the resets for the photoelectric conversion parts before exposure are performed to make the number of rows to which the resets of the photoelectric conversion parts are performed constant within the read period of each row.11-01-2012
20120274822METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CAPTURING HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGES USING MULTI-FRAME INTERLACED EXPOSURE IMAGES - An imager includes an array of pixels arranged in rows and a control circuit for sequentially capturing first and second image frames from the array of pixels. The control circuit is configured to sequentially capture first and second pairs of adjacent rows of pixels during first and second exposure times, respectively, when capturing the first image frame. The control circuit is also configured to sequentially capture first and second pairs of adjacent rows of pixels during second and first exposure times, respectively, when capturing the second image frame. The first exposure times during the first and second frames are of similar duration; and the second exposure times during the first and second frames are of similar duration. The control circuit is configured to detect motion of an object upon combining the first and second image frames and, then, correct for the motion of the object.11-01-2012
20100309357SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME, AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEM INCLUDING THE DEVICE - A solid-state imaging device includes: a unit pixel including a photoelectric conversion section, an impurity-diffusion region capable of temporarily accumulating or holding electric charges generated by the photoelectric conversion section, and a reset transistor resetting the impurity-diffusion region by a voltage of a voltage-supply line, and having an impurity concentration such that at least the reset transistor side of the impurity-diffusion region becomes a depletion state; and a drive circuit changing the voltage of the voltage-supply line from a first voltage lower than a depletion potential of the reset transistor side of the impurity-diffusion region to a second voltage higher than the depletion potential while the reset transistor is on.12-09-2010
20120281126DIGITAL INTEGRATION SENSOR - Multiple scans of a digital integration image sensor are combined to form an output image. The sensor scans or portions thereof may be positionally-shifted relative to one another, and may be acquired in uniform or non-uniform exposure intervals. Selected pixels within at least one of the scans may be excluded from the combination. The scans may also be non-uniformly weighted prior to being combined, with the scan weighting profile corresponding to the scan order.11-08-2012
20130182162SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSOR, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND CAMERA - A solid-state image sensor having a pixel region and a peripheral circuit region, includes wiring lines arranged in the pixel region and the peripheral circuit region, dummy patterns arranged in the peripheral circuit region, and a planarizing layer arranged on the wiring lines and containing a resin. The wiring lines in the peripheral circuit region include a plurality of electrically conductive patterns. The dummy patterns are arranged between the plurality of electrically conductive patterns. The dummy patterns are electrically insulated from the wiring lines.07-18-2013
20130182163SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSOR - A solid-state image sensor comprising a pixel array in which a plurality of pixels are arrayed in a matrix having a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns, wherein the pixel array includes a first wiring layer and a second wiring layer arranged above the first wiring layer, the first wiring layer includes first column signal lines arranged at the respective columns of the pixel array, and the second wiring layer includes second column signal lines arranged at the respective columns of the pixel array.07-18-2013
20130182164COMPARATOR IMPLEMENTATION FOR PROCESSING SIGNALS OUTPUT FROM AN IMAGE SENSOR - An image sensor includes an analog-to-digital converter receiving a pixel signal output. The converter includes a first inverting amplifier circuit having an input and an output, the first inverting amplifier circuit including a first bias circuit having a control node and configured to source current for first inverting amplifier circuit operation. The converter further includes a second inverting amplifier circuit having an input and an output, the second inverting amplifier circuit including a second bias circuit having a control node and configured to source current for second inverting amplifier circuit operation. The output of the first inverting amplifier circuit is coupled to the input of the second inverting amplifier circuit. A positive feedback circuit couples the output of the second inverting amplifier circuit to the control node of the first bias circuit.07-18-2013
20110310281IMAGE CAPTURE UNIT AND METHODS - Methods of forming a lens array block comprising a plurality of lens barrels are provided, including depositing lens barrel material by electrolysis and etching lens barrels from a block of material. Also provided are means of assembling image capturing units or arrays of image capturing units.12-22-2011
20110310280Image pickup apparatus - An image pickup element has a plurality of pixels which are arranged two-dimensionally. The plurality of pixels form at least two pixel sets having a first pixel set and a second pixel set. An exit pupil is assumed, and four divided areas which are separated by two straight lines which are mutually orthogonal in a plane which is orthogonal to an optical axis thereof, are set in the exit pupil. Pixels in the first pixel set are arranged to receive a light beam from a first pupil area for which, a center of gravity of area is in one of the four divided areas. For the optical axis, a center of gravity of area of a second pupil area is in a divided area which is symmetrical to a divided area in which the center of gravity of the first pupil area lies. Pixels in the second pixel set are arranged to receive a light beam having a center of gravity of area in the second pupil area. A signal from the first pixel set and a signal from the second pixel set are compared in at least one of directions of the two straight lines, and defocus information is acquired.12-22-2011
20110317054IMAGING APPARATUS AND IMAGING SYSTEM, AND CONTROL METHOD AND PROGRAM FOR THE SAME - An imaging apparatus 12-29-2011
20110317053IMAGING DEVICE, SOLID-STATE IMAGING ELEMENT, IMAGE GENERATION METHOD, AND PROGRAM - An image capture device includes: an array of pixels 12-29-2011
20130201374CAMERA FOR RECORDING AERIAL IMAGES FROM AIRCRAFT - A camera, more particularly for recording aerial images from aircraft, comprising a lens and at least one digital, areal image sensor fixed on a carrier element and having a predetermined pixel size, which image sensor has a curvature, more particularly caused by the fixing on the carrier element within a specific tolerance range. The lens at least partly brings about optical compensation of the curvature of the digital areal image sensor.08-08-2013
20120062777SOLID STATE IMAGING DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS - A solid state imaging device including: a pixel region that is formed on a light incidence side of a substrate and to which a plurality of pixels that include photoelectric conversion units is arranged; a peripheral circuit unit that is formed in a lower portion in the substrate depth direction of the pixel region and that includes an active element; and a light shielding member that is formed between the pixel region and the peripheral circuit unit and that shields the incidence of light, emitted from an active element, to the photoelectric conversion unit.03-15-2012
20120062776SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE - According to one embodiment, in a pixel array unit, pixels that accumulate photoelectrically converted charges are arranged in a matrix shape. A vertical signal line transmits a signal read out from the pixels in the vertical direction. An acceleration circuit shifts the potential of the vertical signal line in advance before a signal is read out from the pixels. The acceleration control circuit controls timing for shifting the potential of the vertical signal line in advance. The timing control circuit generates a control signal for controlling the acceleration control circuit.03-15-2012
20120300105EXPOSING PIXEL GROUPS IN PRODUCING DIGITAL IMAGES - An imaging system and method for producing a digital image from pixel signals captured by a pixel array is disclosed. First pixel signals, generated during a first exposure period, are read out from a first group of pixels of the pixel array. The first group of pixels is reset after reading out the first pixel signals.11-29-2012
20130208159IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD - An image pickup element having a pixel array of a plurality of pixels, with first and second areas: generates a correction data based on the image signal read from the first area; stores the generated correction data in addresses of a memory corresponding to horizontal positions of the read pixels in the first area; reads the correction data from the addresses of the memory corresponding to a horizontal range set in the second area, and corrects the image signal read from the range set in the second area, using the read correction data; and updates the correction data stored in a predetermined range of addresses in the memory, based on the image signal read from a horizontal range in the first area corresponding to the predetermined range of addresses, and irrespective of the range set in the second area.08-15-2013
20130208160A/D CONVERSION CIRCUIT AND SOLID-STATE IMAGE PICKUP DEVICE - An A/D conversion circuit may include: a delay circuit that includes a plurality of delay units having a first pulse input terminal, a pulse output terminal, and an analog signal input terminal, wherein each first pulse input terminal of the plurality of delay units is connected to one of the pulse output terminals corresponding to the plurality of delay units, and a pulse output signal input to the first pulse input terminal is delayed in accordance with an analog signal input to the analog signal input terminal and output from the pulse output terminal, and one of the plurality of delay units has a second pulse input terminal to which a pulse signal is input from outside; a state variation detection circuit; and an encoding signal latch circuit.08-15-2013

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