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Including a steerable array

Subclass of:

342 - Communications: directive radio wave systems and devices (e.g., radar, radio navigation)

342350000 - DIRECTIVE

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
342371000 With electronic scanning 123
342373000 With a matrix 67
342374000 With a switch 47
342377000 Including a computer 30
342375000 With a delay line (e.g., serpentine transmission line, frequency scanning) 13
342370000 Retrodirective 2
20110084879RETRODIRECTIVE TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE RADIO FREQUENCY SYSTEM BASED ON PSEUDORANDOM MODULATED WAVEFORMS - Embodiments provide radio-frequency systems that can automatically detect, focus-on, and track objects in the environment without the need for expensive electronic scanning and phase-shifting components. Some embodiments are directed to retrodirective systems including: (1) quiescently broadcast pseudorandom-modulated radiation, such as pseudorandom bit sequences, in the absence of a target, over a field-of-view comparable to the beam solid angle of a single element in the transmit array; (2) a receive antenna element or array, in a desired spatial relationship with respect to the transmit antenna array, that receives reflected pseudorandom radiation from a target; and (3) an electronic signal-processing and feedback channel between the receive and transmit arrays that carries out cross-correlation between the received radiation and the transmitted pseudorandom signals and computes complex correlation coefficients to form a re-transmitted beam. Some embodiments are useful for short-range applications involving small and fast moving targets.04-14-2011
20120013507RETRODIRECTIVE ANTENNA SYSTEMS - A retrodirective antenna system (01-19-2012
342369000 Injection radiation type 1
20100207818Robust VSAT Tracking Algorithm - A system and method to normalize a tracking control signal in a directional antenna system to reduce interference from an interfering adjacent transponder is presented. The system and method scans for the tracking signal along a scan path to produce a received signal strength indicator (RSSI) signal, coherently detects an RSSI image from the RSSI signal, and performs a morphologic feature estimation of the RSSI signal image to produce and output a normalized tracking correction.08-19-2010
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130027250METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALIGNING PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA, AND PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA - A method and an apparatus for aligning a phased array antenna, and a phased array antenna are provided. A method for aligning a phased array antenna according to an embodiment of the present invention includes: receiving signals from respective antenna array subunits; performing phase shifting on the signals from the respective antenna array subunits, combining phase-shifted signals, where the signals are from the respective antenna array subunits, and obtaining a first signal, where a receiving beam corresponding to the first signal is a rotating receiving beam; rotating, by the rotating receiving beam, around a transmitting/receiving beam according to a preset angular frequency by using the transmitting/receiving beam as a rotation axis; calculating power values of respective first signals in a case that the rotating receiving beam rotates through different angles; and adjusting, according to the power values, a direction of the transmitting/receiving beam to align a phased array antenna.01-31-2013
20100079341ANTENNA ARRAY - The present application relates to an antenna array that comprises a plurality of antenna elements and a plurality of amplifiers feeding the plurality of antenna elements. A first group of the plurality of antenna elements is arranged in a first column and a second group of the antenna elements is arranged in a second column. A first amplifier of the plurality of amplifiers has a first power rating and a second amplifier of the plurality of amplifiers has a second power rating, the first power rating being different than the second power rating. The first column is arranged symmetrical to the second column about an axis. Amplifiers feeding the first column have a substantially similar power rating to corresponding amplifiers feeding the second column.04-01-2010
20100117902SLOT ANTENNA AND RFID METHOD - The invention relates to a slot antenna, more particularly to a transmitting antenna for RFID, comprising an antenna contour board having a plurality of antenna slots and at least one control circuit for enabling the antenna contour board to transmit and/or receive electromagnetic radiation. The slot antenna is characterized in that in at least one antenna slot of the antenna contour board there is inserted a circuit board carrying a control circuit. The invention further relates to an RFID method involving the use of the slot antenna of the invention.05-13-2010
20130082875Processing Signals - Mobile device, method and computer program product for processing signals at the mobile device. The signals are received at a plurality of signal sensors of the mobile device. Motion of the mobile device is sensed and the received signals are processed using beamforming means at the mobile device, in dependence upon their direction of arrival at the plurality of signal sensors and in dependence upon the sensed motion of the mobile device.04-04-2013
20130027249Directive, electrically-small UWB antenna system and method - A directive electrically small antenna (DESA) process and method employs multipole synthesis to implement directive electrically small multipole antennas with ultra-wideband (UWB) stable antenna patterns. Although lossy, embodiments have adequate efficiency to work as receive antennas in the high ambient noise environment of the HF band and below. Employing a process dubbed “antenna regeneration,” energy may be circulated within an antenna by means other than resonance. This enables multiple decade UWB response without the efficiency penalties inherent to traditional resistively-loaded antenna systems. Regenerative antennas can simultaneously achieve the performance of high Q resonant antennas and the bandwidth of resistively loaded antennas.01-31-2013
20090303125ARRAY ANTENNA WITH IRREGULAR MESH AND POSSIBLE COLD REDUNDANCY - A transmit and/or receive array antenna comprises an array (R) of sub-arrays (SR) of at least one radiating element (ER) and control means charged with controlling the amplitude and/or the phase of the radiofrequency signals to be transmitted or received in the form of waves by each of the sub-arrays (SR) so that they transmit or receive signals according to a chosen pattern. The sub-arrays (SR) comprise a mean number of radiating elements (ER) which increases from the center of the array (R) to its periphery, and are arranged with respect to one another so as to constitute an irregular mesh offering pattern sidelobes of low intensity and a high gain in a favored direction.12-10-2009
20090303126MULTICODE APERTURE TRANSMITTER/RECEIVER - Systems and methods according to one or more embodiments provide for a multicode transmitter/receiver that acts like a high power array when a correlated receiver is used, but acts as a collection of small low gain transmitters when an uncorrelated receiver is used. In one embodiment, a method of transmitting and receiving signals comprises splitting a signal into more than one portion for feeding the signal into separate elements of an array; coding each portion of the signal for transmission through each separate element of the array with a different code respectively; transmitting each coded portion of the signal through a corresponding separate element of the array; receiving the coded portions of the signal by at least one element on a receiver side; decoding the coded portions of the signal; and adding decoded portions of the signal to form a complete received signal.12-10-2009
20120218149LIGHTWEIGHT AIR-COOLED TRANSMIT/RECEIVE UNIT AND ACTIVE PHASED ARRAY INCLUDING SAME - A light-weight, air-cooled transmit/receive unit is provided, including a first external cover member, an opposed second external cover member, and a central housing unit, including thermal management means, interposed between the first and second external cover members. A transmit/receive circuit board, including components and an integrated and common radiating element for at least one channel, is interposed between a first surface of the central housing unit and the first external cover member, and a controller circuit board and a power converter circuit board are interposed between an opposed second surface of the central housing unit and the second external cover member.08-30-2012
20130057432METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BEAM BROADENING FOR PHASED ANTENNA ARRAYS USING MULTI-BEAM SUB-ARRAYS - A transmitter or receiver may use beamforming methods for transmitting or receiving a signal in a communication system. The method for transmitting includes determining a first beamforming weight associated with a total number of antennas in an antenna array. The method also includes transmitting a first signal in a first beam having a first beam width using the total number of antennas by applying the first predetermined beamforming weight. The method further includes determining a second beamforming weight associated with a first sub-array of antennas in the antenna array and determining a third beamforming weight associated with a second sub-array of antennas in the antenna array. The method still further includes transmitting a second signal in a second beam having a second beam width using the first sub-array of antennas by applying the second beamforming weight and the second sub-array of antennas by applying the third beamforming weight.03-07-2013
20090267835FOLDABLE ANTENNA FOR RECONFIGURABLE RADAR SYSTEM - The invention provides for phased array radar system that mechanically reconfigures its antenna array from a single faced aperture into two geometrically opposed arrays.10-29-2009
20120112962BEAMFORMING RF CIRCUIT AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF - A beamforming radio frequency (RF) circuit includes a plurality of antennas, a plurality of amplifiers and an adjust module. The plurality of antennas is operably coupled to interrelate a plurality of beamformed signal components with a beamformed signal. The plurality of amplifiers is operably coupled to interrelate the plurality of beamformed signal components with a plurality of adjusted signal components. The adjust module is operably coupled to interrelate coordinates of a signal with the plurality of adjusted signal components.05-10-2012
20120268324DUAL BEAM SECTOR ANTENNA ARRAY WITH LOW LOSS BEAM FORMING NETWORK - A low loss beam forming method and antenna structure are disclosed. The method and structure may preferably be used in forming two narrow beams within a cellular sector. This method allows an increase in the overall network capacity by using a three-column non-planar array and a compact, low-cost, low-loss 3-to-2 Beam-Forming Network (BFN). This structure produces two symmetrical beams with respect to the azimuth boresight. Radiation patterns of the two beams are designed to cover the entire azimuth coverage angle of a cellular sector with minimum beam-split loss and cross-over losses.10-25-2012
20100103043PHASED SHIFTED OSCILATOR AND ANTENNA - This invention describes new and improved phased shifted injection oscillator, a phased shifted injection locked push-push oscillator and a phased array antennas (PAA). The PAAs in accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the present invention are low cost, and therefore can be used in various commercial applications, such as wireless communication or satellite mobile television.04-29-2010
20110279320SYSTEM FOR EMITTING ELECTROMAGNETIC BEAMS, COMPRISING A NETWORK OF ANTENNAE - This invention relates to a system for emitting electromagnetic beams, comprising a network of elements for the far-field emission of electromagnetic beams, the signals coming from and/or arriving towards each element weighted by excitation coefficients digitally determined by calculation means. According to the invention, the system comprises: a second separate network of sensors arranged close to the network of radiating elements in order to measure the near field radiated by the elements, means for calculating the far field radiated by the network from the near field actually measured by the sensors, and means for calculating the correction of the excitation coefficients of the elements from the difference between the far field calculated from the measurement of the near field and a pre-determined nominal far field.11-17-2011
20130162475ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT AND BEAM FORMING DEVICE - An antenna arrangement comprises a first antenna array comprising a systematic arrangement of first antennas, at least two second antenna arrays, arranged adjacent to said first antenna array and each comprising a systematic arrangement of second antennas, at least two third antenna arrays each comprising at least one third antenna, wherein a third antenna array is arranged at a border area of said first antenna array and a second antenna array and replaces a first antenna closest to the adjacent second antenna array and a second antenna closest to the adjacent first antenna array. Said first or second antennas are transmitting and the other of said first or second antennas are receiving radiation. The at least one third antenna is transmitting and/or receiving radiation.06-27-2013
20100033374System and Method for Synchronized and Coordinated Beam Switching and Scheduling in a Wireless Communications System - A system and method for synchronized and coordinated beam switching and scheduling in a wireless communications system is provided. A method for controller operation includes determining a beam cycle pattern, sharing the beam cycle pattern with neighboring controllers, receiving beam information from a communications device, generating scheduling information from the beam cycle pattern and beam cycle patterns from other controllers, receiving a transmission intended for the communications device, and causing the transmission to be transmitted to the communications device. The beam cycle pattern includes a list of beam patterns transmitted by the controller, and the transmission is transmitted using the scheduling information and the received beam information.02-11-2010
20100238071PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA - This invention relates to utilising a larger number of lower power transmit/receive modules in a phased antenna array in order to utilise cheaper and simpler transmit/receive modules whilst retaining comparable power per unit area as can be achieved through using conventional high powered transmit/receive modules. The advantage of this arrangement is that cheaper antenna arrays can be constructed without limiting the capability and/or performance of a system incorporating such an array when compared to a conventional solution.09-23-2010
20100277369MICROWAVE COUPLER - The present invention relates to directional couplers for microwave signals, and in particular to a combline directional coupler (11-04-2010
20080211716Phased Array Antenna System with Variable Electrical Tilt - A phased array antenna system with variable electrical tilt comprises an array of antenna elements etc. incorporating a divider dividing a radio frequency (RF) carrier signal into two signals between which a phase shifter introduces a variable phase shift. A phase to power converter converts the phase shifted signals into signals with powers dependent on the phase shift. Power splitters divide the converted signals into two sets of divided signals with total number equal to the number of antenna elements in the array. Power to phase converters etc. combine pairs of divided signals from different power splitters this provides vector sum and difference components with appropriate phase for supply to respective pairs of antenna elements etc. located equidistant from an array centre. Adjustment of the phase shift provided by phase shifter changes the angle of electrical tilt of the antenna array.09-04-2008
20090140920Dynamic radiation pattern antenna system - The present invention relates to a dynamic radiation pattern antenna system comprising a plurality of antenna units, a control unit and an electronic interface. The plurality of antenna units has electronically controllable radiation patterns. The control unit is dynamically controlling the radiation pattern of the plurality of antenna units and the electronic interface connects the plurality of antenna units to the control unit.06-04-2009
20130099972ANTENNA APPARATUS - Provided is an antenna apparatus which employs a small number of antenna devices and is intended to obtain a desired pattern without adjusting current level and phase of each antenna device. The antenna apparatus includes a first ridge horn antenna, and a second ridge horn antenna spaced apart from the first ridge horn antenna by a predetermined distance. Here, a multi-beam pattern is generated using a third-order mode beam pattern of a synthetic beam obtained by synthesizing beams respectively radiated from the first and second ridge horn antennas. Accordingly, the antenna apparatus can be simplified, and a desired multi-beam pattern can be obtained without adjusting signal level and phase of each antenna device. Also, by employing the ridge horn antennas as array devices, the antenna apparatus can be used in a wide frequency band.04-25-2013
20130099973RANDOM JITTER BEAMFORMING METHOD AND TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER USING THE SAME - A random jitter beamforming method for reducing the influence of a side lobe to decrease a beam width, and a transmitter and a receiver using the same are provided. The random jitter beamforming method includes dividing a series of binary sequences to generate a plurality of bit groups, designating a beam pattern, corresponding to each of the bit groups, from a set of two or more beam patterns having the same gain and phase in a target direction, and forming a beam with the corresponding beam pattern, for each of the bit groups.04-25-2013
20100060521DISPLACED FEED PARALLEL PLATE ANTENNA - A displaced feed antenna, operating at UHF, microwave, millimetre wave and tetrahertz frequencies, of mostly spaced conducting plate construction that incorporates electronically selectable feed points with associated antenna beam positions, which displaced feed antenna comprises: (i) a set of one or more beamforming configurations means (03-11-2010
20090002235Radio Communication System, Transmission Apparatus, Transmission Method, Program and Recording Medium - Although the beam forming is quite a good scheme, if there exist particularly a plurality of users, the characteristic deterioration occurs in an associated communication line due to the tight radio resource on the reverse line and delay in the transmission time caused by the feedback of information exceeding the required information. The transmitter 01-01-2009
20080316097RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) TRANSITION DESIGN FOR A PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA SYSTEM UTILIZING A BEAM FORMING NETWORK - In accordance with an embodiment, a radio frequency transition system includes a stripline trace section with openings in ground planes and forms a quarter wavelength resonator and an electromagnetic mechanism to couple the RF energy from the stripline trace section to a connector, wherein the RF signal energy is transferred from inside a beam forming network printed wiring board to an antenna back plane with minimal RF losses. An RF transition system is disclosed. The RF transition system comprises a stripline trace section with openings in ground planes and forms a quarter-wavelength resonator. The RF transition system further includes an electromagnetic mechanism to couple the RF energy from the stripline trace section to a connector. The RF signal energy is transferred from inside a beam forming network printed wiring board to an antenna back plane with minimal RF losses.12-25-2008
20080303716METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PHASED ARRAY - Methods and apparatus according to various aspects of the present invention operate in conjunction with a phased array system. The phased array system may include an array structural frame defining an array of module-receiving mounting locations. The phased array system may further include multiple array modules. Each array module may be adapted to be mounted in one of the mounting locations, and may include an antenna and a power source. The power source may supply power to the array module during an array transmit operation.12-11-2008
20100141528METHOD, SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING ANTENNA WEIGHTING FOR TRANSMIT DIVERSITY - A method, system and apparatus for determining at least one relative characteristic of a transmit diversity transmitter based on at least one quality indicator based on signals received on the plurality of antennas. In some embodiments of the invention, the relative characteristic may be a relative power or amplitude ratio and/or a phase difference between the signals transmitted on the different antennas.06-10-2010
20130120190PHASED ARRAY TRANSMISSION METHODS AND APPARATUS - A phased array transmitter includes a plurality of vector modulators, an in-phase/quadrature (I/Q) signal generator, and a multiphase generator. The output phases of the plurality of vector modulators, and hence the direction of transmission of the phased array transmitter, are set and controlled by adjusting both the magnitude ratios of I/Q signal pairs generated by the I/Q signal generator and applied to I and Q inputs of the plurality of vector modulators and phases of a plurality of local oscillator (LO) signal phases generated by the multiphase generator and applied to LO inputs of the plurality of vector modulators. Setting and controlling the output phases of the vector modulators by varying both the magnitude ratios of the I/Q signal pairs and the phases of the LO signal phases allows the output phases of the plurality of vector modulators to be more precisely set and controlled than if the output phases were to be set and controlled only through the LO paths or only through the I/Q signal paths of the plurality of vector modulators.05-16-2013
20100141527ORTHOGONAL LINEAR TRANSMIT RECEIVE ARRAY RADAR - A radar system having orthogonal antenna apertures is disclosed. The invention further relates to an antenna system wherein the orthogonal apertures comprise at least one transmit aperture and at least one receive aperture. The cross-product of the transmit and receive apertures provides a narrow spot beam and resulting high resolution image. An embodiment of the invention discloses orthogonal linear arrays, comprising at least one electronically scanned transmit linear array and at least one electronically scanned receive linear array. The design of this orthogonal linear array system produces comparable performance, clutter and sidelobe structure at a fraction of the cost of conventional 2D filled array antenna systems.06-10-2010
20120139787Beam Steering And Manipulating Apparatus And Method - An apparatus and method for electromagnetic beam steering and manipulating employ narrow beams in close proximity. The beam width and distance between neighboring beams are around or smaller than the wavelength. A strong beam is steered by a much weaker beam. A strong beam is also focused by a relatively small group of much weaker beams. The resulting device is compact and has better power efficiency.06-07-2012
20080316098ANTENNA APPARATUS AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION TERMINAL - Disclosed is an antenna apparatus which can control directivity of a plurality of radiation elements using one parasitic element. The antenna apparatus includes two radiation elements arranged on a base parallel to each other, and a parasitic element disposed between the two radiation elements. Radiation directivity of the two radiation elements is controlled according to the length of the parasitic element. This configuration provides a small-sized antenna apparatus including a plurality of radiators with desired directivity.12-25-2008
20090251368PHASED ARRAY RECEIVERS AND METHODS EMPLOYING PHASE SHIFTING DOWNCONVERTERS - A phased array receiver includes a plurality of receive paths having a plurality of downconverters, a plurality of digitally controlled local oscillators associated with the plurality of receive paths, and a combiner. In response to a plurality of digital phase control signals, the plurality of digitally controlled local oscillators controls phases of a plurality of local oscillator signals generated by the plurality of digitally controlled local oscillators. The phases of the plurality of local oscillator signals are introduced as phase shifts in a plurality of intermediate frequency signals produced by the plurality of downconverters. The plurality of digitally controlled local oscillators is configured to respond to changes in digital values of the plurality of digital phase control signals to achieve a desired phase relationship among the phases of the intermediate frequency signals.10-08-2009
20120194385ANTENNA ARRAY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING ANTENNA ARRAY - The present invention refers to an active antenna array having a plurality of antenna elements comprising: at least one first subset of the plurality of antenna elements, the at least one first subset relaying a first radio signal having a first antenna beam pattern; and at least one second subset of the plurality of antenna elements, the at least one second subset relaying a second radio signal having a second antenna beam pattern, wherein at least one of the plurality of antenna elements is a common antenna element belonging to both the first subset and the second subset. A method for operating the active antenna array is also disclosed.08-02-2012
20120139786Mobile Radar System - Described is a mobile radar system which provides both persistent surveillance and tracking of objects with adaptive measurement rates for both maneuvering and non-maneuvering objects. The mobile radar system includes a vehicle having mounted therein an active, electronically-steerable, phased array radar system movable between a stowed position and a deployed position and wherein the phased array radar system is operational in both the deployed and stored positions and also while the vehicle is either stationary or moving. Thus, the mobile radar system described herein provides for longer time on target and longer integration times, increased radar sensitivity and improved Doppler resolution and clutter rejection. This results in a highly mobile radar system appropriate for use in a battlefield environment and which supports single-integrated-air-picture metrics including but not limited to track purity, track completeness, and track continuity and thus improved radar performance in a battlefield.06-07-2012
20100188289COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD USING AN ACTIVE PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA - The subject matter discloses a wireless communication system comprising: at least one active phased array antenna unit for transmission and reception of electronic radiation and a phased array circuit for driving and controlling said at least one phased array antenna unit, wherein said at least one phased array antenna unit comprises at least four one dimensional arrays of radiations. The subject matter also discloses a method for utilizing the described system.07-29-2010
20110109507APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR INTEGRATED MODULAR PHASED ARRAY TILE CONFIGURATION - An apparatus, system, and method are disclosed for phased array antenna communications. A phased array antenna tile includes a plurality of antenna elements. A beamformer module is integrated into the phased array antenna tile. The beamformer module is electrically coupled to each antenna element to process directional signals for the plurality of antenna elements. A plurality of cascadable connection points are disposed along a perimeter of the phased array antenna tile for connecting the phased array antenna tile to one or more additional phased array antenna tiles.05-12-2011
20110018766METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING LOCATION OF A WIRELESS STATION USING MULTI-BEAM TRANSMISSION - A method and apparatus for estimating location of wireless stations in a wireless communication network are provided. An estimation of a bearing angle of a wireless station from a reference point of a multi-beam antenna pattern is made based on a plurality of beaming angles of a multi-beam antenna pattern and a received signal property, at the wireless station, of each of a plurality of wireless signals transmitted on respective beams of the multi-beam antenna pattern for each of the plurality of beaming angles.01-27-2011
20110032149System and Methods for Antenna Optimization for Wireless Broadband Communication - A system and method for antenna optimization for wireless broadband communication is provided. Such an enhanced antenna array includes higher-gain antenna and lower-gain antenna. The beamforming antenna, both higher-gain and lower-gain, are designed to be able to transmit to and receive from another transceiver. The higher-gain antenna may be designed to form a more directional beam substantially closer to the horizon; whereas the lower-gain antenna is capable of forming a less directional beam at a distance further from the horizon. In both cases, the antenna may form their respective beams anywhere in the 360 degrees horizontally around the antenna array. The higher-gain antenna may include a coverage area from the horizon to a substantially acute angle from the horizon in the vertical direction. In contrast, the lower-gain antenna may have coverage from the substantially acute angle from the horizon to substantially vertical. The substantially acute angle may be approximately 10 degrees in some cases. In some cases the lower-gain antenna may include four elements. Likewise, in some embodiments, the higher-gain antenna may include four elements as well.02-10-2011
20110043405MEMS CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR - An array of micromechanical oscillators have different resonant frequencies based on their geometries. In one embodiment, a micromechanical oscillator has a resonant frequency defined by an effective spring constant that is modified by application of heat. In one embodiment, the oscillator is disc of material supported by a pillar of much smaller diameter than the disc. The periphery of the disc is heated to modify the resonant frequency (or equivalently the spring constant or stiffness) of the disc. Continuous control of the output phase and frequency may be achieved when the oscillator becomes synchronized with an imposed sinusoidal force of close frequency. The oscillator frequency can be detuned to produce an easily controlled phase differential between the injected signal and the oscillator feedback. A phased array radar may be produced using independent phase controllable oscillators.02-24-2011
20110074630Aperiodic Antenna Array - An exemplary aperiodic antenna array comprises a plurality of first elements radiating electromagnetic energy over a first bandwidth including a first frequency. Each of the first elements is spaced apart from a pattern center by an element distance and from the nearest first element by an element spacing in a regulated pattern. In the regulated pattern, the element spacing increases as the element distance increases. The plurality of first elements are configured to generate a first radiation pattern. The antenna array also comprises a second element positioned within a group of first elements from the plurality of first elements. Each element distance between the first elements in the group of first elements is greater than one-half of a first wavelength corresponding to the first frequency. The second element is configured to generate a second radiation pattern. The second radiation pattern combines with the first radiation pattern to form a composite radiation pattern.03-31-2011
20090322608ANTENNA SYSTEM - Embodiments of the invention are concerned with improvements to antenna systems, in particular beamforming antenna systems. Embodiments provide an improved beamformer arrangement for receiving and transmitting of signals by antenna elements. Embodiments are particularly well suited to use for transceiving of radio signals by base stations, such as are commonly found in cellular networks. In one aspect, embodiments provide a beamformer for use in processing signals received, or transmitted, by a first antenna element, the beamformer comprising a first set of ports and a second set of ports, wherein the first set of ports is connected to at least two antenna elements including said first antenna element and the second set of ports is connected to a connecting port, wherein the beamformer is arranged to generate at least first and second output beams from signals received from the at least two antenna elements and to transform signals received via the second set of ports into signals for transmission by the at least two antenna elements, wherein the beamformer is arranged to combine said generated at least first and second output beams at the connecting port such that said signals from said first antenna element are constructively combined at the connecting port, and to combine said at least first and second output beams at the connecting port such that signals from antenna elements other than the first antenna element are destructively combined at the connecting port, wherein the connecting port is arranged so as to provide access to individual said signals received, or transmitted, by said at least two antenna elements. In particularly preferred arrangements the first set of ports is connected to three or four antenna elements.12-31-2009
20090027265Frequency mode of locking phased arrays for synthesizing high order traveling interference patterns - The elements of a phased array antenna are driven by different frequencies, rather than the same frequency, to realize a scanning beam. The scan rate of the beam may be set arbitrarily high according to the frequencies used to drive the phased array, without expensive phase modulators. In particular, each successive element of the phased array antenna is driven with a frequency that is offset from the frequency used to drive the previous element in direct proportion to the spacing between antenna elements. Thus, for a straight line implementation of a phased array antenna with an antenna spacing offset of λ/2, the frequency offset between adjacent antenna elements is constant. For implementations of phased array antennas with another linear or a non-linear spatial relationship between antenna elements, the frequency offset between adjacent antenna elements is determined based on a linear or non-linear spatial relationship of the antenna.01-29-2009
20110063169PHASED-ARRAY TRANSCEIVER FOR MILLIMETER-WAVE FREQUENCIES - A phased-array transmitter and receiver that may be effectively implemented on a silicon substrate. The transmitter distributes to front-ends, and the receiver combines signals from front-ends, using a power distribution/combination tree that employs both passive and active elements. By monitoring the power inputs and outputs, a digital control is able to rapidly provide phase and gain correction information to the front-ends. Such a transmitter/receiver includes a plurality of radio frequency (RF) front-ends and a power splitting/combining network that includes active and passive components configured to distribute signals to/from the front-ends.03-17-2011
20110050497SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CORRECTING GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEM CARRIER PHASE MEASUREMENTS IN RECEIVERS HAVING CONTROLLED RECEPTION PATTERN ANTENNAS - This invention discloses a method for enhancing a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), such as Global Positioning System (GPS), location calculation by supplying carrier phase corrections within a GNSS receiver used with a multiple element Controlled Reception Pattern Antenna (CRPA) receiver. GNSS carrier phase measurements should be compensated for receiver hardware and directionally dependent antenna errors to obtain desired accuracies for high precision GNSS positioning applications. One technique successfully employed in Fixed Reception Pattern Antenna (FRPA) GPS sensors applies a simple directionally dependent set of correction factors to the measurement outputs. For the complex case of a GNSS receiver employing a CRPA and dynamic beam steering, however, the multiplicity of combinations of antenna element outputs makes the FRPA compensation technique impractical. Compensation of carrier phase measurements is a problem not addressed in previous GPS CRPA beam steering sensors.03-03-2011
20090167604FAST TRAINING OF PHASED ARRAYS USING MULTILATERATION ESTIMATE OF THE TARGET DEVICE LOCATION - Briefly, in accordance with one or more embodiments, a phased array antenna may utilize Multilateration in order to implement beam steering with a phased antenna array. During a training phase, Multilateration equations may be utilized to determine a coordinate location of an antenna of a target device. The time difference of arrival of the training signal may be determined at selected antenna elements of the antenna array. The location of the antenna of the target device may then be calculated from which the propagation time may be determined. The propagation time may then be converted to relative phase shift values for each antenna element in the array with respect to a reference antenna element. A beam may then be directed toward the antenna of the target device by setting the elements of the antenna array with the calculated phase shifts.07-02-2009
20080204319Method and system for analog beamforming in wireless communication systems - A method and system for analog beamforming in a wireless system is provided. Analog beamforming involves performing an iterative beam acquisition process based on beam search training, determining transmit and receive beamforming vectors including phase weighting coefficients, based on the iterative beam acquisition process. Each iteration includes estimating the receive and transmit beamforming coefficients alternatively, until the receive and transmit beamforming coefficients converge.08-28-2008
20110095945SINGLE SHEET PHASED ARRAY - A single sheet phased array includes a flexible dielectric substrate having a first surface and an oppositely facing second surface, and a first conductive layer on the first surface and a second conductive layer on the second surface. The flexible dielectric substrate, the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer are patterned to form at least one feed network and a plurality of radiators directly coupled to the at least one feed network. Further, the plurality of radiators are pivotable with respect to the flexible dielectric substrate to be positioned in a direction away from the first surface or the second surface of the flexible dielectric substrate when the single sheet phased array is deployed.04-28-2011
20110095944ENHANCED CALIBRATION FOR MULTIPLE SIGNAL PROCESSING PATHS IN A FREQUENCY DIVISION DUPLEX SYSTEM - Calibrating signal processing paths for a plurality of transmission devices by obtaining calibration data for at least one of the signal processing paths for each of the transmission devices and determining a plurality of calibration weights from the calibration data for each of the transmission devices. A calibration variance is calculated between the plurality of calibration weights and it is determined if the calibration variance is below a calibration variance threshold. Additionally, a phase variation and a magnitude variation are calculated from the calibration data for each of the transmission devices and it is determined for each of the transmission devices if the phase variation is below a phase variation threshold and if the magnitude variation is below a magnitude variation threshold. Further, if the calibration variance is below the calibration variance threshold, and the phase variation is below the phase variation threshold and the magnitude variation is below the magnitude variation threshold for each of the transmission devices, then the plurality of calibration weights are applied to the at least one of the signal processing paths of each of the transmission devices.04-28-2011
20130009820ANTENNA APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF A RADIO-FREQUENCY TRANSPONDER - An antenna apparatus for determining the position of a radio-frequency transponder is provided, comprising a phased array of antennas enabled to transmit and receive power at a given frequency for communicating with a radio frequency (RF) transponder, the phased array being movable; and a phase shifter for providing a phase shift to at least one antenna of the phased array to provide a minima in a main radiated lobe of the phased array, such that when the phased array is moved from a first position, for detecting the RF transponder via the main radiated lobe, to a second position, where a signal from the RF transponder is minimized, a position of the RF transponder determined to be along an axis of the minima in the second position.01-10-2013
20100214169BEAMFORMING TRAINING FOR FUNCTIONALLY-LIMITED APPARATUSES - A system for configuring antenna systems for selecting directional communication signals corresponding to other apparatuses. A directional communication signal may be selected as the result of a beamforming training operation coordinated between an initiating apparatus and a responder apparatus. Particular modes and/or features may be requested by initiating apparatuses that, for example, may be functionally-limited. The responder may take these requested modes and/or features into account when formulating a beamforming training set for transmission to the initiator.08-26-2010
20110260918METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A WIRELESS MOBILE SYSTEM IMPLEMENTING BEAM STEERING PHASE ARRAY ANTENNA - In a preferred embodiment, a wireless mobile system implementing Beam Steering Phased Array Antenna is disclosed having an array of [N×N] antennas mounting on the wireless mobile Terminal transmits unidirectional signals directly to the Base Station as opposed to transmitting multi-directional signals. The wireless mobile system implementing beam-steering phased array antenna, wherein the phases of the signals fed to the array antenna elements are varied by the phase shifters in small programmable step values calculated by the Digital Signal Processor (DSP) Phase Processor which causes the antennas radiation beam to be steered at angle θ. Thus, improvements in beam steering for transmitting unidirectional signals directly to the Base Station will greatly reduce the energy required by the wireless terminal for transmitting signals to the Base Station. And, the effective result would achieve our green-energy technology requirements.10-27-2011
20110148704BEAM STEERING APPARATUS - A beam steering apparatus is provided. The beam steering apparatus is implemented to steer a beam in a specific direction according to arrangement of a plurality of unit structures which have different transmittance coefficients and are arranged on a medium. Thus, simplification of the application of the beam steering apparatus to an antenna and the like, a compact beam steering apparatus size, and reduction of manufacturing cost can be realized.06-23-2011
20100026573ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, RECORDING MEDIUM RECORDING CONTROL PROGRAM AND CONTROL METHOD - An electronic apparatus having a display screen, a first antenna among a plurality of antennas provided adjacent to the first side and closer to the third side, a second antenna among the plurality of antennas provided adjacent to the second side and closer to the first side, a third antenna among the plurality of antennas provided adjacent to the fourth side and closer to the second side. A control part of the electronic apparatus selects the first antenna and the second antenna as the antennas to be used for radio communication when the first side is an upper side of the display screen, and selects the second antenna and the third antenna when the second side is the upper side of the display screen.02-04-2010
20100231452MM-WAVE FULLY INTEGRATED PHASED ARRAY RECEIVER AND TRANSMITTER WITH ON-CHIP ANTENNAS - A phased array mm-wave device includes a substrate, a mm-wave transmitter integrated onto the substrate configured to transmit a mm-wave signal and/or a mm-wave receiver integrated onto the substrate and configured to receive a mm-wave signal. The mm-wave device also includes a phased array antenna system integrated onto the substrate and including two or more antenna elements. The phased array mm-wave device also includes one or more dielectric lenses. A distributed mm-wave distributed combining tree circuit includes at least two pairs of differential transconductors with regenerative degeneration and accepts at least two differential input signals. Two mm-wave loopback methods measure the phased array antenna patterns and the performance of an integrated receiver transmitter system.09-16-2010
20090051592Pseudo-Omni-Directional Beamforming with Multiple Narrow-Band Beams - In a technique for communication with a station on a wireless network, the technique includes forming a plurality of narrow-band beams, each having a different angular direction from an antenna of a base station and collectively distributed over a beamspace to form a pseudo-omni-directional beam pattern. That beamspace may span an entire spherical region or a portion thereof, for example, when the narrow-band beams are broadcast over a sector of an entire spherical region. The technique may assign each of the plurality of narrow-band beams to a different frequency band (such as a different channel band or sub-channel) on the wireless network. The technique may simultaneously broadcast the plurality of narrow-band beams in a time-varying manner such that the angular direction of each of the plurality of narrow-band beams varies with time, where that variation may be random or ordered.02-26-2009
20120306697PHASED-ARRAY ANTENNA AND PHASE CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR - The precision of phase correction is improved. Provided are a detection unit (12-06-2012
20110304504Adaptive Beamforming - A computer implemented method for generating transmit (TX) and receive (RX) antenna weight vectors (AWVs) for beamforming without utilizing explicit channel estimation.12-15-2011
20120044108SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A RADIATION PATTERN OF A DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA - The present system relates to radiation pattern control. More particularly, the present system is adapted for controlling a radiation pattern of a directional antenna. The system comprises a sample collection unit, a power angular spectrum estimation unit and a control unit. The sample collection unit is adapted for collecting a plurality of samples of a signal with a current radiation pattern and a plurality of samples of the signal with different radiation patterns. The power angular spectrum estimation unit is adapted for estimating a preliminary spectrum of the signal based on the collected plurality of samples with the current radiation pattern and for estimating an optimized spectrum of the signal based on the collected plurality of samples with different radiation patterns. Then, the control unit sets the radiation pattern of the directional antenna to the estimated optimized spectrum.02-23-2012
20120007778FLUIDIC CONSTRUCTS FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES - In various embodiments, an actuating mechanism is employed to displace a conductor disposed within a fluidic channel, thereby reconfiguring an electronic component.01-12-2012
20110090119WIRE DETECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS - In one embodiment a system to detect, from a remote location, one or more wires in a target location comprises a radiation targeting assembly to direct a rotating polarization radiation field at the target location, a reflected radiation collecting assembly that collects radiation reflected from the target location, and a signal processing module to monitor radiation from the rotating radiation field reflected from the target location and generate a signal when the radiation reflected from the target location indicates the presence of a wire in the target location. Other embodiments may be described.04-21-2011
20090135064METHOD AND DEVICE FOR WIRELESS DIRECTIONAL BEAM-FORMING TRANSMISSION - A method and device for wireless directional beam-forming transmission. The method for wireless directional beam-forming transmission between a first device and a second device comprises conducting one or more omni-directional transmissions between the first device and a third device; conducting one or more omni-directional transmissions between the second device and the third device; and determining directional information for directional beam forming transmissions between the first and second devices based on the omni-directional transmissions.05-28-2009
20120133557SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE BEAM FORMING WITH SMALL ANTENNA FORM FACTOR - An antenna arrangement, a system, and method are provided for implementing a wireless communication module capable of performing adaptive beam forming, with a small antenna sail area. The antenna has a large horizontal to vertical aspect ratio. The antenna module is designed to include very few, or potentially a single radiating element in the vertical direction, and many elements in the horizontal direction, in order to create narrow beam in the azimuth plane, while maintaining a small sail area. The novel form factor advantageously provides for reduced wind loading, and for less conspicuous installations on buildings or towers, for example. The module is anticipated to find widespread applications in LOS and NLOS backhaul applications, and other wireless links between stationary nodes.05-31-2012
20090058724Method and system for analog beamforming in wireless communication systems - A method and system for analog beamforming in wireless communication system, is provided. Analog beamforming coefficients are constructed by performing an iterative beam acquisition process based on beam search training, and determining optimized beamforming weighting coefficients based on the iterative beam acquisition process.03-05-2009
20120299773BEAM FORMING DEVICE AND METHOD - The present disclosure relates to a beam forming device, comprising a transmit unit comprising at least two transmit elements that transmit radiation towards a scene, a receiver unit comprising at least two receive elements that receive radiation from said scene and that generate receive signals from said received radiation, and a beam forming unit that performs beam forming to obtain beam formed output signals from said receive signals by use of beam forming weights, wherein said beam forming weights are adapted to a distance between the scene and one or more transmit elements and/or receive elements, said distance being indicated by a distance indicator, and wherein said beam forming weights are changed if said distance changes.11-29-2012
20120182184System And Method For Determining The Location Of The Phase Center Of An Antenna - A system and method for determining the location of the phase center of an antenna are provided. For the transverse location of the phase center, the system may include radio frequency (RF) probes symmetrically surrounding the antenna's geometrical center to define RF probe pairs, a plurality of phase detectors for determining a phase difference between the signals detected by each pair and a processor for determining the transverse location of the phase center based upon probe position and the phase differences. For the longitudinal location of the phase center, the system may include first and second RF probes having a common transverse position, but being longitudinally separated, a phase detector for determining a phase difference between the signals detected by the probes and a processor for determining the longitudinal location of the phase center based upon the longitudinal separation and the phase difference.07-19-2012
20080297414ULTRA-WIDEBAND VARIABLE-PHASE RING-OSCILLATOR ARRAYS, ARCHITECTURES, AND RELATED METHODS - Variable phase ring oscillators are described that provide a linear phase progression between adjacent elements in an antenna array by providing a symmetric ring configuration of tuned amplifiers and a single phase shifter. The ring topology is coupled to a single PLL that allows for direct modulation and demodulation of arbitrary waveforms without using RF up/down converting mixers. The PLL distributes the transmit waveforms to all antenna elements in the transmit mode and combines the received waveforms in the receive mode without any complicated power distribution network. Ultra-wideband architectures and methods are described that utilize a first reference signal source, a VPRO, and a second reference signal source. Related methods are controlling an array and beam steering are also described.12-04-2008
20120319900ANTENNA WITH ADJUSTABLE BEAM CHARACTERISTICS - The present invention relates to an antenna comprising multiple array elements with a first and second feeding point, each associated with orthogonal polarizations, each array element has a first and second phase centre each associated with the orthogonal polarizations, the first and second phase centres of said array elements are arranged in at least two columns, and one antenna port connected to the first and second feeding points of at least two array elements with first phase centre and second phase centre arranged in the at least two columns via a respective feeding network. The feeding network comprises a beam forming network having a primary connection, connected to the antenna port, and at least four secondary connections. The beam forming network divides power between the first feeding point and the second feeding point and controls phase shift differences between the respective feeding points with phase centre arranged in different columns.12-20-2012
20100231453ARRAY ANTENNA APPARATUS INCLUDING MULTIPLE STEERABLE ANTENNAS AND CAPABLE OF AVOIDING AFFECTION AMONG STEERABLE ANTENNAS - A steerable antenna includes an radiating antenna element and parasitic antenna elements. Each of the parasitic antenna elements is provided with a pair of PIN diodes. On each of control lines connecting the PIN diodes to a controller, inductors are provided at predetermined intervals on portions of the control line electromagnetically coupled to another steerable antenna. The intervals for providing the inductors is set to such a length that substantially no resonance occurs in a section of the control line between the inductors at an operating frequency of the steerable antenna.09-16-2010
20120286996METHOD FOR SINGLE STREAM BEAMFORMING WITH MIXED POWER CONSTRAINTS - System and method for calculating a transmitter beamforming vector related to a channel vector h under per-antenna power constraints combined with total power constraint, under per-antenna power constraints combined with overall line of site (LOS) effective isotropic radiated power (EIRP) and under all three constraints. Calculating a transmitter beamforming vector may be done in the transmitter, in the receiver and feedback to the transmitter or in both. The method may be adapted to perform with a multi-antenna receiver and with multi-carrier systems.11-15-2012
20130021203Antenna-Coupled Imager Having Pixels with Integrated Lenslets - According one embodiment, a millimeter-wave radiation imaging array includes a plurality of antenna elements configured to receive millimeter-wave radiative input. Each lenslet of a plurality of lenslets are coupled to one of the plurality of antenna elements such that no air exists between each lenslet and the one of the plurality of antenna elements. Each lenslet has a spherical portion being operable to direct the radiative input towards the one of the plurality of antenna elements. An energy detector is coupled to the plurality of antenna elements opposite the plurality of lenslets and operable to measure the radiative input received by the plurality of antenna elements.01-24-2013
20080252522ARRAY ANTENNA AND A METHOD OF DETERMINING AN ANTENNA BEAM ATTRIBUTE - A method of determining one or more attribute of an antenna beam based on measuring phase and/or amplitude differences at different points in a feed network. By using lookup tables based on actual measurements of antenna beam attributes for phase and/or amplitude differences at different points in a feed network computation may be simplified. The method enables a relatively inexpensive control circuit to be employed while providing accurate measurement of antenna beam attributes.10-16-2008
20080252521Vertically Integrated Transceiver Array - A transceiver array that employs vertically integrated circuits in one or more wafers. The array includes a digital wafer having digital circuits. A plurality of RF cubes are formed to the digital wafer, where each RF cube includes an antenna wafer and at least one lower wafer, and where each RF cube represents a separate channel of the array. The antenna wafer includes a patch antenna and a resonating cavity. The at least one lower wafer includes high frequency RF integrated circuits and intermediate frequency RF integrated circuits. The array has application as a front-end for a digital beam-forming system.10-16-2008
20090303124Deployable Antenna System - A rapidly deployable HF surface wave radar phased array antenna system is provided, including a plurality of separate antenna elements that are relatively movable to desired spaced apart positions, each antenna element including a respective receiver for receiving HF radio signals, wherein, in order to determine and control properties of the radar system, each element includes a GPS receiver for determining the location of each element and for timing and frequency synchronisation.12-10-2009
20080218415NULL-FILL ANTENNA, OMNI ANTENNA, AND RADIO COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT - A wide-angle null-fill antenna with no null in the depression angle range, an omni antenna using the same, and radio communication equipment. A null-fill antenna comprises a first antenna array including antenna elements arranged with a prescribed point as the center, and a second antenna array having amplitude characteristics substantially equal to those of the antenna elements forming the first antenna array. The first antenna array is excited so that the excitation amplitude distribution is to have symmetry with respect to the prescribed point, while the excitation phase distribution is to have point symmetry with respect to the prescribed point. The phase center of the first antenna array is substantially coincident with that of the second antenna array.09-11-2008
20080218414Antenna Beam Shape Optimization - The invention relates to adjusting the shape of the antenna beam (09-11-2008
20130093624Hybrid Beamforming for a Wireless Communication Device - The present disclosure relates a method for performing hybrid beamforming in a wireless communication device or any device that uses signal phase shifting for transmission and/or reception. The method comprises performing phase shifting in at least two different domains (or paths), each characterized by an operational frequency, in the communication device. More in particular, the disclosure relates in a first aspect to a method for performing at a receiver beamforming on a beam of incoming signals received via plurality of antenna paths. In another aspect, the present disclosure relates a method for performing hybrid beamforming at a transmitter device, wherein also phase shifting in at least two different domains is performed. More in particular, the disclosure also relates to a method for performing at a transmitter device beamforming on a beam of outgoing signals via a plurality of antenna paths.04-18-2013
20110241939SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FREQUENCY DOMAIN CORRECTION OF GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEM PSEUDORANCE MEASUREMENTS IN RECEIVERS HAVING CONTROLLED RECEPTION PATTERN ANTENNAS - Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) pseudorange measurements must be compensated for receiver hardware and directionally dependent antenna errors to obtain desired accuracies for high precision GNSS positioning applications. The problem of pseudorange measurement errors resulting from directionally dependent group delays is not an issue in Fixed Reception Pattern Antenna (FRPA) GNSS sensors. However, for the complex case of a GNSS receiver employing a controlled reception pattern antenna (CRPA) and dynamic beam steering, the multiplicity of combinations of antenna element outputs makes compensation of directionally dependent antenna induced errors more difficult, as the simple subtraction that might be used for FRPA compensation does not work with a CRPA. Example embodiments provide for frequency domain correction of GNSS pseudorange measurements in CRPA receivers. The correction takes place in the signal processing of the satellite signals, after they have been converted to the frequency domain, but before they are formed into beams for the respective satellites.10-06-2011
20100309050Antenna with Shared Feeds and Method of Producing an Antenna with Shared Feeds for Generating Multiple Beams - The antenna with shared feeds for generating multiple beams includes a plurality of identical individual feeds spaced apart by a constant pitch, wherein the individual feeds are associated in identical subnetworks around a central individual feed, each subnetwork being intended to synthesize a beam, the individual feeds of each subnetwork being phase-coupled together by electromagnetic coupling, and two successive subnetworks include at least one individual feed in common and are offset by a distance corresponding to a predetermined number of pitches greater than or equal to one, being applicable in particular to the field of satellite telecommunications.12-09-2010
20120274513Method and a System for Configuring a Beam Forming Antenna in a Communication Network - A method of configuring a beam forming antenna in a communication network that comprises a first node where the beam forming antenna is located, second nodes and at least one destination node, communication links being established between said first node and said at least one destination node through at least some of said second nodes. The method comprises: emitting a signal by the beam forming antenna configured with a first set of antenna parameters; the same signal being sent from the first node to several second nodes; obtaining, for a plurality of communication links through which the signal has been sent, at least one physical magnitude representing the distortion caused by each communication link to the signal; aggregating said physical magnitudes of said plurality of communication links; and obtaining a second set of antenna parameters for configuring the beam forming antenna in accordance with said aggregated physical magnitudes.11-01-2012
20120280861RADIO COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, TRANSMITTER, AND RADIO COMMUNICATION METHOD - In a phased array antenna radio communication apparatus including a plurality of antennas, a radio communication apparatus is provided which can reduce an influence of the local leak signals on the radiation direction of transmission signals. Local signal phase shifters 11-08-2012
20120280860CHIP PACKAGES INCLUDING THROUGH-SILICON VIA DICE WITH VERTICALLY INEGRATED PHASED-ARRAY ANTENNAS AND LOW-FREQUENCY AND POWER DELIVERY SUBSTRATES - An apparatus includes a die with through-silicon vias and radio frequency integrated circuit capabilities and it is vertically integrated with a phased-array antenna substrate. The through-silicon via and a radio frequency integrated circuit is coupled to a plurality of antenna elements disposed on the phased-array antenna substrate where each of the plurality of antenna elements is coupled to the through-silicon vias and radio frequency integrated circuit through a plurality of through-silicon vias. A process of assembling the through-silicon vias and radio frequency integrated circuit to the phased-array antenna substrate includes testing the apparatus.11-08-2012
20130181867Location Determination System and Method Using Array Elements for Location Tracking - A location based system is disclosed. One or more phased array modules are configured to scan to determine a signal strength indicator of a signal broadcasted from at least one wireless mobile device within a distance area. Based on a signal strength indicator measured at multiple angular directions by the one or more phased array modules from the at least one wireless mobile device, a location of each wireless mobile device is determined within a room, building, or outside location.07-18-2013
20110309980CONTROLLING A BEAMFORMING ANTENNA USING RECONFIGURABLE PARASITIC ELEMENTS - Methods, devices, and systems for controlling a beamforming antenna with reconfigurable parasitic elements is provided. In one embodiment, a method of controlling a beamforming antenna in a wireless device comprises calculating the input impedance of the beamforming antenna using an adaptive matching network, wherein said beamforming antenna includes a primary radiating element and one or more reconfigurable parasitic elements, and said primary radiating element and said reconfigurable parasitic elements cooperatively receive, transmit, or both a radio frequency signal; determining the input impedance of the beamforming antenna is outside a tolerance; recognizing the environment of the wireless device; selecting a portion of said reconfigurable parasitic elements using the input impedance of the beamforming antenna, a predetermined input impedance observation table, said recognized environment, or any combination thereof; and updating the beamforming antenna by electrically connecting, electrically coupling, or both said selected portion of said reconfigurable parasitic elements to said primary radiating element.12-22-2011
20130187811ANTENNA SYSTEM - An antenna system including at least one antenna element, and having a plurality of connection points for signals for multiple operator users, and further comprising: respective separately controllable amplitude control circuitry elements connected to each of the connection points, and a junction element connected to each of the respective amplitude control circuitry elements and connected to said antenna element, such that the antenna system beam pattern can be controlled independently for the multiple operator users.07-25-2013
20120001801Antenna System - A beamformer is arranged to receive an input from a first antenna element and from at least one other antenna element and to generate at least a first and second output beam. The first and second output beams are combined at a connecting port such that signals received at the first antenna element are constructively combined at the connecting port and signals received at another antenna element or elements are destructively combined at the connecting port, so that a receiver connected to the connecting port may receive signals from the first antenna element and may not receive signals from the other antenna element or elements. The arrangement may also be used to transmit a signal which is fed into the connecting point from the first antenna element and not from the other antenna element or elements.01-05-2012

Patent applications in class Including a steerable array

Patent applications in all subclasses Including a steerable array