# With ambiguity resolving

## Subclass of:

## 342 - Communications: directive radio wave systems and devices (e.g., radar, radio navigation)

## 342350000 - DIRECTIVE

## 342352000 - Including a satellite

## 342357010 - With position indicating

## 342357020 - With accuracy enhancing

### Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

#### Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application number | Description | Number of patent applications / Date published |
---|---|---|

342357040 | With ambiguity resolving | 27 |

20100164789 | Measurement Level Integration of GPS and Other Range and Bearing Measurement-Capable Sensors for Ubiquitous Positioning Capability - A system and method are provided for determining a position of a host vehicle using a real time kinematics positioning technique when less than an optimal number of satellites are available for determining the position of the host vehicle. GPS data is retrieved from the host vehicle. GPS data is retrieved from vehicles remote from the host vehicle. Alternative vehicle position related data is retrieved. The position of the host vehicle is determined utilizing the real time kinematics positioning technique as a function of the retrieved GPS data of the host and remote vehicles and the alternative vehicle position data. The position of the host vehicle is utilized in a vehicle application. | 07-01-2010 |

20100164788 | Position bias amelioration method and apparatus in GNSS receiver - A method of eliminating user position biases caused by satellite constellation changes or differential signal gain/loss is provided. The method comprises: (A) substantially continuously determining an unbiased user's position by using a radio receiver”; (B) detecting a “detectable event” by using the radio receiver; (C) measuring a bias caused by the detectable event; (D) performing an update process by accumulating each bias caused by at least one detectable event to generate an accumulated bias; and (E) eliminating the accumulated bias at each Epoch by using a correction process. | 07-01-2010 |

20100026567 | HYBRID INS/GNSS SYSTEM WITH INTEGRITY MONITORING AND METHOD FOR INTEGRITY MONITORING - The invention pertains to the monitoring of the integrity of position and speed information arising from a hybridization between an inertial reference system and a satellite-based positioning receiver. The invention relates more precisely to a navigation apparatus known in the art by the name INS/GNSS system (for “Inertial Navigation System” and “Global Navigation Satellite System”) hybridized in closed loop. | 02-04-2010 |

20100073226 | Method For Processing A Set Of Signals Of A Global Navigation Satellite System With At Least Three Carriers - A method for processing a set of navigation signals of a global navigation satellite system with at least three carrier signals is disclosed in which the processing of the navigation signals is based on a linear combination of the carrier signals to a combined signal. The weighting coefficients are selected such that the combined phase signal is free from geometry and free from frequency-independent disturbance variables. | 03-25-2010 |

20090160703 | Assistance to a mobile sps receiver - A method is described, for use with an SPS mobile terminal receiver | 06-25-2009 |

20090243920 | POSITIONING METHOD, PROGRAM, AND POSITIONING APPARATUS - A positioning method adapted to perform interactive mixing model calculation (IMM calculation) for combining outputs of a plurality of Kalman filter processes while applying weighting of given model probabilities to the outputs in a positioning apparatus, includes the steps of (a) calculating a first likelihood index value of a first Kalman filter process, (b) calculating a second likelihood index value of a second Kalman filter process, (c) calculating a relative value of the first and second likelihood index values, (d) calculating a first model probability corresponding to the first Kalman filter process and a second model probability corresponding to the second Kalman filter process using the relative value, and (e) combining outputs of the first and second Kalman filter processes using the first and second model probabilities to execute the positioning. | 10-01-2009 |

20100201567 | COMMUNICATING LOCATION INFORMATION BETWEEN A PORTABLE DEVICE AND AN ACCESSORY - Location data is exchanged between a portable media device and an accessory. If the portable media player is equipped with location determining capability, the portable media device can communicate its location data to the accessory, and the accessory can use this location data to perform various tasks. If the accessory is equipped with location assistance capability, the accessory can communicate location data to the portable media device, and the portable media device can use this location data to perform various tasks. | 08-12-2010 |

20080204312 | Phase Ambiguity Resolution Method for a Satellite Based Positioning System - The invention relates to a satellite-based positioning system in which a transmitter ( | 08-28-2008 |

20090179792 | Conveying orbit information via ambiguous position information - In a method of conveying information regarding an orbit used at a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) base station to a GNSS receiver, a satellite position is determined for a particular time from an orbit of a GNSS satellite. An ambiguity value is extracted from the satellite position. The ambiguity value is extracted based upon a satellite position determination margin of error of a GNSS receiver. The ambiguity value is encoded into an encoded ambiguity value which is assembled into a message. The message also includes a time tag representing the particular time. The message is transmitted from the GNSS base station. The encoded ambiguity value and the time tag convey information regarding the orbit to a GNSS receiver in receipt of the message. | 07-16-2009 |

20100188285 | DECOUPLED CLOCK MODEL WITH AMBIGUITY DATUM FIXING - The present invention relates to a method of processing Global Positioning System (GPS) carrier phase and pseudorange information. Dual-frequency carrier phase and pseudorange measurements from GPS receivers are processed by specifying separate oscillator parameters for the carrier phase and pseudorange measurements. Carrier phase estimates of errors of the oscillator are arbitrarily biased with respect to the pseudorange estimates, and ambiguity parameters are constrained to be integer-valued. Isolating the ambiguities as integer valued parameters provides extra information that can be exploited to maximize the use of GPS and other Global Navigation Satellite Systems. | 07-29-2010 |

20100013704 | PROCESS AND DEVICE FOR LOCATION-FINDING BY DETECTION OF RADIO SIGNAL EMITTERS - The invention relates to a location method characterised in that it comprises the following steps: a) receiving in a location device ( | 01-21-2010 |

20100188286 | TIME REFERENCE SYSTEM - A time reference system for generating a time reference from signals produced by a global navigation satellite constellation has a satellite signal receiver to receive and down-convert code-modulated signals from a plurality of satellites and a correlator to track and decode the down-converted signals to provide signals containing partial pseudo-range measurements for respective satellites. A data processing arrangement receives assistance data from an external source and performs data-bit synchronisation in which bit edges of a low frequency data bit stream carried by the received satellite signals are identified, to perform a preliminary position-velocity-time solution to provide an approximate time reference, and to perform auto-correlation of pre-selected data sequences in the data stream to resolve time ambiguities thereby to compute a precise time reference signal in weak received signal conditions. The pre-selected data sequences may be the repeated data preamble in the GPS navigation message constituted by the data stream. | 07-29-2010 |

20100171653 | Navigation-Satellite Tracking Method and Receiving Station - The invention relates to Navigation-satellite tracking method including at least one step of determining one-way range unambiguous observations for each of a set of satellites in view, wherein standard tracking channels ( | 07-08-2010 |

20090262013 | Ambiguity estimation of GNSS signals for three or more carriers - Methods and apparatus are provided for factorized processing of a set of GNSS signal data derived from signals having at least three carriers. A geometry filter is applied to the set of GNSS signal data using a geometry carrier-phase combination to obtain an array of ambiguity estimates for the geometry carrier-phase combination and associated statistical information. A bank of ionosphere filters is applied to the set of GNSS signal data using a geometry-free ionosphere carrier-phase combination to obtain an array of ambiguity estimates for the ionosphere carrier-phase combination and associated statistical information. At least one bank of Quintessence filters is applied to the set of GNSS signal data using a geometry-free and ionosphere-free carrier-phase combination to obtain an array of ambiguity estimates for the geometry-free and ionosphere-free carrier-phase combination and associated statistical information. At least one code filter is applied to the set of GNSS signal data using a plurality of geometry-free and ionosphere-free code-carrier combinations to obtain an array of ambiguity estimates for the code-carrier combinations and associated statistical information. The resulting arrays are combined to obtain a combined array of ambiguity estimates for all carrier phase observations and associated statistical information. | 10-22-2009 |

20100214162 | GNSS position coasting - Methods and apparatus are presented for determining a position of an antenna of a GNSS rover from observations of GNSS signals collected at the antenna over multiple epochs and from correction data for at least one of the epochs. A first-epoch rover position relative to a base location is determined for a first epoch using a single-differencing process based on one of (i) fixed carrier-phase ambiguities and (ii) a weighted average of carrier-phase ambiguity candidates which is converged to a predetermined threshold. A second-epoch rover position relative to a base location is determined for a second epoch using a single-differencing process. A second-epoch update of the first-epoch rover position relative to the base location is determined for the second epoch using a single-differenced delta phase process and the first-epoch rover position is combined with the second-epoch update to obtain a second-epoch delta phase rover position relative to a moving base location of the second epoch. The second-epoch delta phase rover position is selected as reliable if the second-epoch rover position is not based on one of (i) fixed carrier-phase ambiguities and (ii) a weighted average of carrier-phase ambiguity candidates which is converged to a predetermined threshold. | 08-26-2010 |

20090184869 | Processing Multi-GNSS data from mixed-type receivers - Computer-implemented methods and apparatus are presented for processing data collected by at least two receivers from multiple satellites of multiple GNSS, where at least one GNSS is FDMA. Data sets are obtained which comprise a first data set from a first receiver and a second data set from a second receiver. The first data set comprises a first FDMA data set and the second data set comprises a second FDMA data set. At least one of a code bias and a phase bias may exist between the first FDMA data set and the second FDMA data set. At least one receiver-type bias is determined, to be applied when the data sets are obtained from receivers of different types. The data sets are processed, based on the at least one receiver-type bias, to estimate carrier floating-point ambiguities. Carrier integer ambiguities are determined from the floating-point ambiguities. The scheme enables GLONASS carrier phase ambiguities to be resolved and used in a combined FDMA/CDMA (e.g., GLONASS/GPS) centimeter-level solution. It is applicable to real-time kinematic (RTK) positioning, high-precision post-processing of positions and network RTK positioning. | 07-23-2009 |

20080303713 | NAVIGATIONAL POSITIONING WITHOUT TIMING INFORMATION - Provided herein are systems and methods that enable a navigation receiver to determine receiver position using a low ppm (Parts Per Million) Real Time Clock (RTC) under weak satellite signal reception conditions without the need for timing information from navigation satellites or aiding systems. Under weak signal conditions, the receiver is unable to demodulate navigation data bits but may be able to synchronize with the one ms PN sequences and 20 ms data bit edges of a received signal. In this case, the receiver is unable to determine the signal travel time from the navigation data bits resulting in one ms and/or 20 ms integer ambiguities in the travel time. Systems and methods are provided for resolving these one ms and/or 20 ms integer ambiguities and correct or reconstruct the pseudorange measurements accordingly. The reconstructed pseudorange measurements are used to accurately determine the receiver position. | 12-11-2008 |

20100097268 | TIGHTLY-COUPLED GNSS/IMU INTEGRATION FILTER HAVING CALIBRATION FEATURES - Embodiments of the invention provide a blending filter based on extended Kalman filter (EKF), which optimally integrates the IMU navigation data with all other satellite measurements (tightly-coupled integration filter). Two more states in the EKF for estimating/compensating the speed bias and the heading bias in the INS measurement are added. The integration filter has no feedback loop for INS calibration, and can estimate/compensate the navigation error in the INS measurement within the integration filter. | 04-22-2010 |

20100156709 | SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR APPLYING CODE CORRECTIONS FOR GNSS POSITIONING - A method and system for approximating a position using a Global Navigational Satellite System (GNSS) having a plurality of GNSS satellites and an augmentation system, the method including the steps of obtaining an initial code pseudorange measurement and an initial carrier phase measurement from a signal transmitted by a GNSS satellite in the GNSS system, receiving a code correction from the augmentation system, using the code correction to correct the initial code pseudorange measurement and the initial carrier phase measurement to mitigate for errors in the signal, to result in a corrected code pseudorange measurement and a corrected carrier phase measurement, and using a code dominated measurement in a filter which outputs apposition and ambiguity estimate. | 06-24-2010 |

20080297408 | Partial search carrier-phase integer ambiguity resolution - A method for performing integer ambiguity resolution in a global navigation satellite system is disclosed. A set of ambiguities, which are associated with carrier phase measurements of at least some of the signals received from the satellites in an identified set of satellites, are identified. Integer ambiguities are estimated and a best candidate set and a second best candidate set of integer ambiguity values are determined. Upon determining that the best set of integer ambiguity values fail to meet a discrimination test, each ambiguity for which integer ambiguity values in the best candidate set and second best candidate set fail to meet predefined criteria are removed from the set of ambiguities to produce a reduced set of ambiguities. The integer ambiguities in the reduced set of ambiguities are then resolved and an output is generated in accordance with the resolved integer ambiguities. | 12-04-2008 |

20090027262 | METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR GEOMETRY EXTRA-REDUNDANT ALMOST FIXED SOLUTIONS - Methods and apparatus for providing high integrity probability of connect fix (PCF) in GPS navigation applications, such as precision approach and landing and airborne refueling. In an exemplary embodiment, an enlarged pull in region is used to compute protection levels. In an exemplary embodiment, geometric extra-redundancy is used to enhance PCF and PAF (probability of almost fixed). In an exemplary embodiment, geometric extra-redundancy almost fixed solutions provide superior accuracy and integrity for GPS navigation applications. | 01-29-2009 |

20100090890 | POSITIONING USING A REFERENCE STATION - For supporting a change of a reference station, first data that is valid for a first reference station is provided for transmission to a device, then data that is valid for the first reference station and data that is valid for a second reference station is provided for transmission to the device in parallel for a limited time, and finally data that is valid for the second reference station is provided for transmission to the device. The data for the first reference station and the data for the second reference station include measurements on satellite signals. At a receiving end, the respectively received data can be provided for a positioning of a device comprising a satellite signal receiver. | 04-15-2010 |

20080258966 | Independent Positioning Device and Independent Positioning Method - A linear regression equation is comprised of the objective variables and the explanatory variables. The objective variables are comprised of the L1 carrier phases, the L2 carrier phases, the C/A code pseudorange, the P(Y) code pseudorange, the clock error data, the delay data of the ionosphere, and the delay data of the troposphere that related with every satellite respectively. The explanatory variables are comprised of at least the integer ambiguity and a receiver's position. | 10-23-2008 |

20100079335 | PRESENT POSITION LOCATING METHOD - An evaluation point E of a present position candidate corresponding to each satellite set is calculated based on an a priori residual (APR) (APR value), a PDOP value, and the number of satellites of the target satellite set according to E=k | 04-01-2010 |

20100109945 | LOOSELY-COUPLED INTEGRATION OF GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEM AND INERTIAL NAVIGATION SYSTEM: SPEED SCALE-FACTOR AND HEADING BIAS CALIBRATION - Techniques for loosely coupling a Global Navigation Satellite System (“GNSS”) and an Inertial Navigation System (“INS”) integration are disclosed herein. A system includes a GNSS receiver, an INS, and an integration filter coupled to the GNSS receiver and the INS. The GNSS receiver is configured to provide GNSS navigation information comprising GNSS receiver position and/or velocity estimates. The INS is configured to provide INS navigation information based on an inertial sensor output. The integration filter is configured to provide blended position information comprising a blended position estimate and/or a blended velocity estimate by combining the GNSS navigation information and the INS navigation information, and to estimate and compensate at least one of a speed scale-factor and a heading bias of the INS navigation information. | 05-06-2010 |

20100103033 | LOOSELY-COUPLED INTEGRATION OF GLOBAL NAVIGATION SATELLITE SYSTEM AND INERTIAL NAVIGATION SYSTEM - Techniques for loosely coupling a Global Navigation Satellite System (“GNSS”) and an Inertial Navigation System (“INS”) integration are disclosed herein. A system includes a GNSS receiver, an INS, and an integration filter coupled to the GNSS receiver and the INS. The GNSS receiver is configured to provide GNSS navigation information comprising GNSS receiver position and/or velocity estimates. The INS is configured to provide INS navigation information based on an inertial sensor output. The integration filter is configured to provide blended position information comprising a blended position estimate and/or a blended velocity estimate by combining the GNSS navigation information and the INS navigation information, and to estimate and compensate at least one of a speed bias and a heading bias of the INS navigation information. | 04-29-2010 |

20100019963 | VEHICULAR NAVIGATION AND POSITIONING SYSTEM - A vehicular navigation and positioning method and system includes a GNSS receiver, an inertial navigation system and on-board vehicular sensors. Available data is integrated by a Kalman filter and vehicle position, velocity and attitude is updated as a result. | 01-28-2010 |