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For small object detection or location

Subclass of:

324 - Electricity: measuring and testing

324323000 - OF GEOPHYSICAL SURFACE OR SUBSURFACE IN SITU

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
324329000 Using movable transmitter and receiver 30
324327000 Using oscillator coupled search head 2
20090009173PORTABLE WIRELESS METAL DETECTOR - The subject of invention is a portable electromagnetic metal detector, of the type comprising a detection head placed at the end of a support stick, the detection head includes a transmitting coil and a receiving coil. The metal detector has, an electronic command and control box making it possible to implement the detection head. An operator headset is provided for allowing the detector to transmit an audio detection signal to the operator. According to the invention, the detection head comprises all the means for generating a transmission signal and for analysing the signal received. The detection head, the electronic box and the operator headset furthermore comprise radio transmission means for establishing a multipoint wireless communication network between these three elements. This communication network advantageously makes it possible to provide a detector that does not comprise any wired links and to implement the detector according to the invention in various configurations.01-08-2009
20130181718Buried Object Detector - A buried object detector comprising: a loop antenna and an RF source, the RF source coupled to the loop antenna and arranged to feed the loop antenna with an RF signal, the detector further comprising a detector circuit coupled to the loop antenna and arranged to detect changes in the quality factor of a resonant circuit formed by the loop antenna, wherein the loop antenna is arranged to magnetically couple with a buried object, thereby reducing the quality factor of the resonant circuit.07-18-2013
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20100045294Locating Arrangement and Method using Boring Tool and Cable Locating Signals - An arrangement and an associated method are described in which a boring tool is moved through the ground within a given region along a path in which region a cable is buried. The boring tool and the cable transmit a boring tool locating signal and a cable locating signal, respectively. Intensities of the boring tool locating signal and the cable locating signal are measured along with a pitch orientation of the boring tool. Using the measured intensities and established pitch orientation, a positional relationship is determined to relative scale including at least the boring tool and the cable in the region. The positional relationship is displayed to scale in one view. The positional relationship may be determined and displayed including the forward locate point in scaled relation to the boring tool and the cable. Cable depth determination techniques are described including a two-point ground depth determination method.02-25-2010
20100109670DETECTION SYSTEM SUITABLE FOR IDENTIFYING AND TRACKING BURIED PIPES OR OTHER BODIES BURIED IN THE GROUND OR EMBEDDED IN CIVIL ENGINEERING WORKS - The invention relates to a detection system suitable for identifying and tracking buried pipes or other bodies buried the ground or embedded in civil engineering works, which comprises: a coding device affixed to or integrated into the objects (05-06-2010
20130049757Device and Method for Detecting an Underground Power Line - A device for detecting an underground power line includes, for example, a sensor unit that has a magnetic field sensor element that is configured for receiving a received signal depending on the features of the power line and the underground, a control and evaluation unit configured for controlling the sensor unit and for evaluating the received signal, and a display unit for displaying the received signal evaluated by the control and evaluation unit. The sensor unit includes, for example, at least one additional magnetic field sensor element configured to receive a received signal depending on the features of the power line and the underground, wherein the magnetic field sensor elements can be independently controlled by the control and evaluation unit.02-28-2013
20110012600ELECTROMAGNETIC ANTENNA AND METHOD OF USE FOR DETECTING OBJECTS - Disclosed herein are systems and methods of detecting objects. In particular, a transmitter antenna is disclosed comprising one or more coils. Alternating current may be run through the one or more coils of the antenna to create an electro-magnetic field (“EMF”) which will, in turn, induce an alternating current in objects near the EMF(s). As a result of the induced alternating current in the hidden object, a second EMF is generated around the hidden object which may be detected by a receiver, indicating the location of the hidden object. The transmitter antenna may be elongated and flexible to permit deploying the antenna in a configuration facilitating location of all utilities in an area of investigation with little or no relocation of the antenna.01-20-2011
20110037472Omnidirectional Sonde and Line Locator - At least one antenna array including three mutually orthogonal antennas each sharing a common center point senses an electromagnetic signal emitted by a buried object such as a utility line, pipe or sonde. A circuit at least partially mounted in a housing is connected to the array and determines a location of the buried object by measuring signal strength and field angles in three dimensions without having to align the antenna array relative to the buried object while eliminating nulls and false peaks. A graphical user interface (GUI) has user-friendly icons, symbols, menus, numbers and graphical and auditory representation of signal strength. A SEARCH view indicates signal strength by showing a rotating strength indicator, a trace mode MAP view in which line location is shown by a line that moves side-to-side, and a sonde mode MAP view in which sonde location is shown by a moving line, pole and equator.02-17-2011
20090027055Locating Technique and Apparatus Using an Approximated Dipole Signal - Location determination is performed using a transmitter including an elongated generally planar loop antenna defining an elongation axis. The elongation axis is positioned along at least a portion of a path. A magnetic field is then generated which approximates a dipole field. Certain characteristics of the magnetic field are then determined at a receiving position radially displaced from the antenna elongation axis. Using the determined certain characteristics, at least one orientation parameter is established which characterizes a positional relationship between the receiving position and the antenna on the path. The magnetic field may be transmitted as a monotone single phase signal. The orientation parameter may be a radial offset and/or an angular orientation between the receiving position and the antenna on the path. The antenna of the transmitter may be inserted into a first borehole to transmit the magnetic field to a receiver inserted into a second borehole.01-29-2009
20100001732Detector for Calculating a Depth of a Buried Conductor - A detector for calculating a depth of a buried conductor comprises three parallel antennas B, M, T. The second antenna M is spaced a distance s from the first antenna B and the third antenna T is a distance 2s from the first antenna B and a distance s from the second antenna M. The outputs of the first and second antennas B, M are compared and the outputs from the second and third antennas M, T are compared. The depth of the buried conductor is calculated based on the first and second compared values.01-07-2010
20120286789TRACKING THE POSITIONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A BORING TOOL AND ONE OR MORE BURIED LINES USING A COMPOSITE MAGNETIC SIGNAL - An apparatus monitors a positional relationship between a boring tool and an inground line and includes a transmitter to generate a magnetic locating field from one of either the boring tool or at least an underground length of the line. A receiver can be carried by the boring tool if the field is generated from the line, or connected to the line if the field is generated from the boring tool, to detect an intensity of the magnetic locating field to produce a signal indicative of the magnetic field intensity with the signal being responsive to the positional relationship between the boring tool and the line. A remote display produces an indication responsive to the signal and based on the detected intensity of the magnetic locating field.11-15-2012
20110285398DETECTION OF TOOL IN PIPE - Methods and systems for determining whether a tool has been deployed below a drill pipe are provided. A downhole tool can measure various characteristics, which then can be analyzed to determine the likelihood of a tool having been deployed below the drill pipe. For example, density and porosity measurements can be affected by the presence of casing or drill pipe, and thus such measurements can provide an indication of whether the tool has been deployed below the drill pipe.11-24-2011
20110215808PASSIVE UNDERGROUND ELECTRONIC MARKER FOR USE IN ANY ORIENTATION - A passive electronic marker comprising a single tuned LC circuit, having an inductance and one capacitance element, that respond substantially uniformly to a marker locating instrument irrespective of the orientation the marker was installed in. The inductance is split among more than one electrically contiguous coils; each of the coils is oriented in different axes along the three dimensional space to achieve the substantially uniform response to a marker locating instrument. The tuned circuit is enclosed in a protective housing that may or may not help in the orientation of the marker during burying. The passive marker is of a type that is buried relative to portions of an object for use in locating such objects when necessary.09-08-2011
20090167308METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING AN UNDERGROUND ELECTRIC CABLE - In a method and system for monitoring an underground cable in a site of interest, multiple samples of magnetic field data and corresponding location data are collected periodically over a sampling period of extended time. The magnetic field data samples and corresponding location data are processed to determine respective topologies of one or more current-carrying conductors in the site and for each of the conductors respective magnetic field data relating to each sampled point are integrated with respect to a predetermined parameter of the respective conductor so as compute an integrated contribution of each sampled span along the respective conductor. The data relating to different conductors in the site are output in a manner that allows determination of a conductor for which the parameter changes during the sampling period.07-02-2009
20110062959TRACKING POSITIONS OF PERSONNEL, VEHICLES, AND INANIMATE OBJECTS - A device rotates at least one static magnetic field about an axis, producing a rotating magnetic dipole field, and is movable in relation to the surface of the ground. The field is periodically sensed using a receiver to produce a receiver output responsive to the field. A positional relationship between the receiver and the device is monitored using the output. In one aspect, changing the positional relationship, by moving the device nearer to a boring tool which supports the receiver, causes an increase in accuracy of depth determination. In another aspect, determination of an actual overhead position of the boring tool, and its application, are described. Use of a plurality of measurements over at least one-half revolution of each magnet is disclosed. Establishing a surface radial direction toward a boring tool and resolution of multi-valued parameters is described. Calibration techniques, as well as a three transmitter configuration are also described.03-17-2011
20100085054SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING ELECTRONIC RECORDS OF LOCATE AND MARKING OPERATIONS - Systems and methods for generating electronic records of locate operations and marking operations are described. Exemplary systems and methods include marking devices that generate, store and/or transmit electronic records of marking information, locate devices that generate, store and/or transmit electronic records of locate information, and locate devices and marking devices that communicate with each other (and optionally with other devices or systems) to share/exchange locate information and/or marking information. An exemplary method for analyzing and processing locate information and marking information includes a computer-implemented method for visually rendering (e.g., in a display field of a display device) various aspects of locate and marking operations.04-08-2010
20110199087FLUX PLANE LOCATING IN AN UNDERGROUND DRILLING SYSTEM - A portable locator and method for establishing the location of the cable line in a region which includes at least one generally straight electrically conductive cable line extending across the region from which cable line a locating signal includes a first arrangement for measuring a local flux intensity of the locating signal at a first above ground point within the region with the portable locator in a particular orientation at the first above ground point. A second arrangement uses the local flux intensity to establish a cable line angular orientation which limits the possible directions to the cable line relative to the particular orientation of the portable locator at the above ground point. A third arrangement uses the measured local flux intensity to establish an actual direction of the cable line that is selected from the possible directions based on certain characteristics of the locating signal.08-18-2011
20130099790MULTI-AXIS MARKER LOCATOR - A portable locator for locating an obscured marker. The locator includes a portable locator housing, a first antenna disposed within the housing, a second antenna disposed orthogonally to the antenna within the housing; and a processor. The processor is configured to interact with each of the first and second antennas, such that each of the first and second antennas is configured to transmit and receive signals. The locator may include more than two antennas, and may include multiple sets of antennas.04-25-2013
20080246481Locating Arrangement and Method Using Boring Tool and Cable Locating Signals - An arrangement and an associated method are described in which a boring tool is moved through the ground within a given region along a path in which region a cable is buried. The boring tool and the cable transmit a boring tool locating signal and a cable locating signal, respectively. Intensities of the boring tool locating signal and the cable locating signal are measured along with a pitch orientation of the boring tool. Using the measured intensities and established pitch orientation, a positional relationship is determined to relative scale including at least the boring tool and the cable in the region. The positional relationship is displayed to scale in one view. The positional relationship may be determined and displayed including the forward locate point in scaled relation to the boring tool and the cable. Cable depth determination techniques are described including a two-point ground depth determination method.10-09-2008
20080246482Distinguishing False Signals in Cable Locating - Discriminating between a cable locating signal and a false cable locating signal is described. A reference signal, which contains a locating signal frequency impressed on it, is transmitted in a way which provides for detection of a phase shift between the locating signal and the false locating signal. Based on the phase shift, a receiver is used to distinguish the locating signal from the false locating signal.10-09-2008
20110267064MULTI-FREQUENCY BORING TOOL LOCATING SYSTEM AND METHOD - Arrangements, apparatus and associated methods are described for use in a multi-frequency boring tool locating system. The boring tool includes a transmitter for transmitting a locating signal at two or more selectable frequencies. One set of above ground procedures may be applied to the transmitter in order to change the frequency of the boring tool transmitter. Another set of procedures is applicable for changing the frequency during below ground drilling operations, for example, by subjecting the boring tool to a predetermined roll orientation sequence. An enhanced portable locator operates in a manual or automatic mode to receive locating frequency information transmitted from the boring tool transmitter including frequency updates. Boring tool transmitter, as well as above ground locator shutdown/restart procedures are described relating to multi-frequency operation. A tone detector is described which implements one or more digital match filters.11-03-2011
20080309345Tracking Positions of Personnel, Vehicles, and Inanimate Objects - A device rotates at least one static magnetic field about an axis, producing a rotating magnetic dipole field, and is movable in relation to the surface of the ground. The field is periodically sensed using a receiver to produce a receiver output responsive to the field. A positional relationship between the receiver and the device is monitored using the output. In one aspect, changing the positional relationship, by moving the device nearer to a boring tool which supports the receiver, causes an increase in accuracy of depth determination. In another aspect, determination of an actual overhead position of the boring tool, and its application, are described. Use of a plurality of measurements over at least one-half revolution of each magnet is disclosed. Establishing a surface radial direction toward a boring tool and resolution of multi-valued parameters is described. Calibration techniques, as well as a three transmitter configuration are also described.12-18-2008
20100201366Multi-Frequency Boring Tool Locating System and Method - Arrangements, apparatus and associated methods are described for use in a multi-frequency boring tool locating system. The boring tool includes a transmitter for transmitting a locating signal at two or more selectable frequencies. One set of above ground procedures may be applied to the transmitter in order to change the frequency of the boring tool transmitter. Another set of procedures is applicable for changing the frequency during below ground drilling operations, for example, by subjecting the boring tool to a predetermined roll orientation sequence. An enhanced portable locator operates in a manual or automatic mode to receive locating frequency information transmitted from the boring tool transmitter including frequency updates. Boring tool transmitter, as well as above ground locator shutdown/restart procedures are described relating to multi-frequency operation. A tone detector is described which implements one or more digital match filters.08-12-2010
20110006772Tri-Pod Buried Locator System - A portable self-standing electromagnetic (EM) field sensing locator system with attachments for finding and mapping buried objects such as utilities and with intuitive graphical user interface (GUI) displays. Accessories include a ground penetrating radar (GPR) system with a rotating Tx/Rx antenna assembly, a leak detection system, a multi-probe voltage mapping system, a man-portable laser-range finder system with embedded dipole beacon and other detachable accessory sensor systems are accepted for attachment to the locator system for simultaneous operation in cooperation with the basic locator system. The integration of the locator system with one or more additional devices, such as fault-finding, geophones and conductance sensors, facilitates the rapid detection and localization of many different types of buried objects.01-13-2011
20090128156ENHANCED PRECISE LOCATION - A method for determining the location of underground cables and pipes is disclosed. In some embodiments, the method includes measuring a set of electromagnetic field magnitudes and phases at a plurality of positions while traversing a target line parallelly using 3D electromagnetic coil sensors, the 3D electromagnetic coil sensors being orthogonally oriented to the target line, modeling a set of expected complex electromagnetic field magnitudes of a single underground conductor at each of the positions to form a set of values corresponding to a set of individual models for the target line, determining which of the set of individuals models is a best model, determining confidence information at each of the positions based on a comparison between the measured set of complex electromagnetic magnitudes and phases and the best model, and determining parameters at each of positions related to the target line from the best model.05-21-2009
20110204895TRACKING POSITIONS OF PERSONNEL, VEHICLES, AND INANIMATE OBJECTS - A device rotates at least one static magnetic field about an axis, producing a rotating magnetic dipole field, and is movable in relation to the surface of the ground. The field is periodically sensed using a receiver to produce a receiver output responsive to the field. A positional relationship between the receiver and the device is monitored using the output. In one aspect, changing the positional relationship, by moving the device nearer to a boring tool which supports the receiver, causes an increase in accuracy of depth determination. In another aspect, determination of an actual overhead position of the boring tool, and its application, are described. Use of a plurality of measurements over at least one-half revolution of each magnet is disclosed. Establishing a surface radial direction toward a boring tool and resolution of multi-valued parameters is described. Calibration techniques, as well as a three transmitter configuration are also described.08-25-2011
20090289634Distinguishing False Signals in Cable Locating - Discriminating between a cable locating signal and a false cable locating signal is described. A reference signal, which contains a locating signal frequency impressed on it, is transmitted in a way which provides for detection of a phase shift between the locating signal and the false locating signal. Based on the phase shift, a receiver is used to distinguish the locating signal from the false locating signal.11-26-2009
20110227575Receiver System For Determining The Location Of A Magnetic Field Source - A method and receiver system for identifying a location of a magnetic field source using two horizontally displaced tri-axial antennas. In a preferred embodiment two tri-axial antennas are positioned at opposite ends of a receiver frame. Each antenna detects in three dimensions a magnetic field from a source or transmitter. The receiver is maintained in a horizontal plane and the receiver is moved in the horizontal plane until a flux angle measured at each of the two points is zero so that the receiver is in the vertical plane perpendicular to the axis of the source. The depth and location of the source in three dimensions relative to the receiver is determined using the detected field values. The receiver is moved in a direction defined by a line containing the two points of the receiver until a magnitude of the magnetic field detected at each of the two points is substantially the same so that the receiver is positioned above the source.09-22-2011
20090201023Pre-Amplifier and Mixer Circuitry for a Locator Antenna - A pre-amplifier circuit for connection to an antenna of a human-portable locator includes a differential amplifier/mixer pair and means for allowing a common-mode “phantom” signal to modulate a transfer function of the differential amplifier/mixer pair. The common-mode phantom signal modulates the transfer function of the differential pre-amplifier “onboard” the antenna without the usual requirement for onboard power supply and signal oscillator. This technique uses the same electronic components to provide both pre-amplification and mixing functions, thereby improving circuit performance-to-cost ratio, reducing mixer power consumption, situating the necessary signal oscillator remotely from the mixer, and greatly improving the available system bandwidth by limiting spectral transmission demands to the mixed signal bandwidth alone.08-13-2009
20100001731Transmitter of a System for Detecting a Buried Conductor - A system for detecting a buried conductor comprises a transmitter for generating a test signal in the buried conductor and a detector for detecting an electromagnetic signal resulting from the test signal flowing in the buried conductor. The transmitter comprises a waveform generator for generating a drive waveform signal, a power supply, an amplifier, connected to the power supply and the waveform generator for producing an output drive signal based on the drive waveform signal and an output circuit for acting on the output drive signal to generate an output signal having a current and a voltage. In-phase and quadrature components of the current and voltage of the output signal are fed back for controlling the amplifier.01-07-2010
20100301866Capacitive Detection System - An apparatus for detecting and avoiding an underground object during a horizontal directional drilling operation. The apparatus comprises a boring tool with a capacitive detection system. The boring tool is operatively connected to a drill string and advanced through the earth to create a borehole. The capacitive detection system includes a capacitive assembly and a processor. The capacitive assembly has first and second capacitive plates separated a known distance from an excitation plate. The capacitive plates detect a change in capacitance when the underground object is approached by the boring tool. The processor determines the distance to or location of the underground object from capacitance information sensed by the capacitive detection system. The distance and location information is transmitted to a machine operator.12-02-2010
20110018542METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LOCATING WELL CASINGS FROM AN ADJACENT WELLBORE - A wellbore tool for locating a target wellbore containing a conductive member from a second wellbore and directing the trajectory of the second wellbore relative to the target wellbore includes an electric current driver having an insulated gap; a three-axis magnetometer positioned within a non-magnetic housing that is disposed within a non-magnetic tubular, the three-axis magnetometer positioned below the electric current driver; a drill bit positioned below the three-axis magnetometer; a hollow tubular connected between the electric current driver and the three-axis magnetometer; and a measurement-while-drilling tool. The current driver generates an electric current across the gap to the portion of the tool below the insulated gap. In a method a current is generated across the insulated gap to the portion of the tool below the insulated gap to the conductive material in the target wellbore returning to a portion of the bottom hole assembly above the insulated gap thereby producing a target magnetic field. Measuring the target magnetic field at the bottom hole assembly and the earth's magnetic field; and determining the position of the second wellbore relative to the target wellbore. Then steering the bottom hole assembly to drill the second wellbore along a trajectory relative to the target wellbore.01-27-2011
20110025334Locating Arrangement and Method Using Boring Tool and Cable Locating Signals - An arrangement and an associated method are described in which a boring tool is moved through the ground within a given region along a path in which region a cable is buried. The boring tool and the cable transmit a boring tool locating signal and a cable locating signal, respectively. Intensities of the boring tool locating signal and the cable locating signal are measured along with a pitch orientation of the boring tool. Using the measured intensities and established pitch orientation, a positional relationship is determined to relative scale including at least the boring tool and the cable in the region. The positional relationship is displayed to scale in one view. The positional relationship may be determined and displayed including the forward locate point in scaled relation to the boring tool and the cable. Cable depth determination techniques are described including a two-point ground depth determination method.02-03-2011
20090079433Ground control unit for cable locating - A system and method for selectively grounding each of a plurality of short-haul buried utility conveyances coupled to a common long-haul buried utility conveyance to enable a conveyance locating signal transmitted through the long-haul conveyance to travel from the long-haul utility conveyance to a selected short-haul utility conveyance. The system includes a first optical switch for selecting each of the plurality of short-haul utility conveyances to be grounded, where the first optical switch is adapted to receive an optical signal and selectively output the optical signal on one of a plurality of optical fibers; and a second optical switch coupled to each of the plurality of optical fibers for grounding each short-haul utility conveyance in response to the optical signal on a corresponding optical fiber.03-26-2009
20090219027MULTI-SENSOR SYSTEM FOR THE DETECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF UNEXPLODED ORDNANCE - To fully characterize the inductive response of an isolated conductive object, such as buried unexploded ordinance, one needs to measure its response to stimulation by primary magnetic fields in three linearly independent (e.g., approximately orthogonal) directions. In one embodiment this is achieved by measuring the response to magnetic fields of three independent transmitters arranged to have magnetic fields that are linearly independent. According to the apparatus and methods employing the system of this invention, multiple transmitters and receivers of known relative position and orientation on a single platform are used. In a preferred embodiment, matched sets of receiver pairs connected in gradient mode are positioned adjacent to closely spaced pairs of transmitting coils, such that a minor displacement of one or both of the receiver coil pairs relative to the paired transmitting coils will not affect the detected secondary signals emitted by a buried metallic object.09-03-2009
20090243615INDUCTIVE PROXIMITY SWITCH AND METHOD FOR ITS OPERATION - The invention relates to an inductive proximity switch which has a resonant circuit (L10-01-2009
20120242341Buried locators systems and methods - Portable self-standing electromagnetic (EM) field sensing locator systems with attachments for finding and mapping buried objects such as utilities and with intuitive graphical user interface (GUI) displays are described. Accessories may include a ground penetrating radar (GPR) system with a rotating Tx/Rx antenna assembly, a leak detection system, a multi-probe voltage mapping system, a man-portable laser-range finder system with embedded dipole beacon, and other detachable accessory sensor systems are accepted for attachment to the locator system for simultaneous operation in cooperation with the basic locator system. The integration of the locator system with one or more additional devices, such as fault-finding, geophones and conductance sensors, may be used to facilitate the rapid detection and localization of many different types of buried objects.09-27-2012
20110101985TRACKING THE POSITIONAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A BORING TOOL AND ONE OR MORE BURIED LINES USING A COMPOSITE MAGNETIC SIGNAL - A boring tool is moved through the ground in a region which includes at least one electrically conductive in-ground line and which is subject to static magnetic fields including the magnetic field of the earth. Tracking a positional relationship between the boring tool and the line, as well as a directional heading of the boring tool within the region are provided by: (i) generating a time varying magnetic field from the line; (ii) at the boring tool, detecting a composite magnetic signal which includes one component affected by the static magnetic fields and another component affected by the time varying magnetic field such that the static magnetic field component varies as a function of the directional heading and the time varying component varies as a function of the positional relationship; and (iii) processing the composite magnetic signal to separate the static magnetic field component and the time varying magnetic field component from the composite magnetic signal for use in determining the directional heading and the positional relationship. In one feature, the static magnetic field component is used to determine the directional heading of the boring tool and the time varying magnetic field component is used to determine the positional relationship.05-05-2011
20110101984DISTINGUISHING FALSE SIGNALS IN CABLE LOCATING - Discriminating between a cable locating signal and a false cable locating signal is described. A reference signal, which contains a locating signal frequency impressed on it, is transmitted in a way which provides for detection of a phase shift between the locating signal and the false locating signal. Based on the phase shift, a receiver is used to distinguish the locating signal from the false locating signal.05-05-2011
20110068795CONTINUOUS WAVE METAL DETECTOR - A training set including a target object set and a clutter object set is accessed. It is determined that the training set includes multiple types of targets or multiple types of clutter. The target feature value of a type of target is compared with the clutter feature value. The type of target is associated with the non-target object based on the comparison. A classifier is trained using the target feature value and the clutter feature value of the associated type of target and the non-clutter object. A feature value associated with an unknown object is applied to multiple classifiers to generate a set of metrics for the unknown object. The metrics are aggregated into an overall metric. Whether the unknown object is included in the target set is determined based on the overall metric.03-24-2011
20100097064Flux Plane Locating in an Underground Drilling System - A portable locator and method for establishing the location of the cable line in a region which includes at least one generally straight electrically conductive cable line extending across the region from which cable line a locating signal includes a first arrangement for measuring a local flux intensity of the locating signal at a first above ground point within the region with the portable locator in a particular orientation at the first above ground point. A second arrangement uses the local flux intensity to establish a cable line angular orientation which limits the possible directions to the cable line relative to the particular orientation of the portable locator at the above ground point. A third arrangement uses the measured local flux intensity to establish an actual direction of the cable line that is selected from the possible directions based on certain characteristics of the locating signal.04-22-2010
20100283467METAL DETECTOR WITH IMPROVED MAGNETIC RESPONSE APPLICATION - This invention discloses a low cost metal detector which suppresses signals arising from signals induced in a receive inductor from a rate of change of environmental static fields. The metal detector processes a signal due to a rate of change of environmental static fields to produce a first signal, and processes a signal due to the transmitted magnetic field to produce a second signal, the second signal includes a proportion of the first signal. Signal processing includes the subtraction of an estimation of the proportion of the first signal from the second signal to produce a third signal, such that the third signal is substantially independent of the first signal; and the receive electronics further processes the third signal to produce an indicator output signal, the indicator output signal includes a signal indicative of the presence of a metallic target and is substantially unaffected by the signal due to a rate of change of environmental static fields.11-11-2010
20100117654METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DISPLAYING AN ELECTRONIC RENDERING OF A LOCATE AND/OR MARKING OPERATION USING DISPLAY LAYERS - Locate information, marking information, and/or landmark information relating to a locate operation and/or a marking operation to detect and/or mark a presence or an absence of at least one underground facility is categorized into a plurality of display layers for electronic rendering. At least some of the display layers may be independently enabled or disabled for display such that only enabled display layers are displayed in a display field of a display device. Alternate enabling and disabling of one or more display layers facilitates comparative viewing of the layers. A layer directory or layer legend pane may be displayed to allow for selective enabling/disabling of one or more layers. One or more layers further may be categorized into sub-layers, and respective sub-layers of a given layer similarly may be independently enabled or disabled for display.05-13-2010
20110181289LOCATOR ASSEMBLY FOR DETECTING, LOCATING AND IDENTIFYING BURIED OBJECTS AND METHOD OF USE - A locator assembly for the detection, location and identification of a buried object is provided comprising a sensor portion adapted to detect and measure the magnetic field strength of a buried object. A control assembly is connected to the sensor portion, wherein the control assembly is adapted to receive and analyze the magnetic field strength provided by the sensor portion to ascertain the location of a buried object. An identification portion is connected to the control assembly and operates independent of the sensor portion, wherein the identification portion is adapted to communicate with the buried object to ascertain the identity of the buried object. A method for the detection, location and identification of a buried object is also provided.07-28-2011
20100060285Detector for Detecting a Current Carrying Conductor and a Method of Validating Operation of the Detector - A detector for detecting a buried conductor comprises a plurality of antennas B, T. Each antenna B, T has a winding wound around the antenna, the winding being connected to a current source for providing a predefined current in the winding. When the predefined current is applied to the winding an electromagnetic field is generated at the antenna which induces a test current in the antenna. The test current is compared to calibration data stored in the detector to validate the correct operation of the detector.03-11-2010
20110304336Device and Method For Locating A Conduit - A system and method of locating a conduit, such as an underground conduit is provided. The system includes a tracing device that is adapted to be coupled to a valve. The tracing device includes a bypass member that is movable between a first position and a second position, wherein the bypass member extends through the valve when in the second position. A tracing member is sealingly coupled to the tracing device and extends through the bypass member. An electrical signal is applied to the tracing member and a monitoring device is used to locate an electrical field created by the electrical signal.12-15-2011
20110316541Hybrid Induction Balance/Pulse Induction Metal Detector - A new hybrid metal detector combines induction balance and pulse induction technologies. Target signals are generated from a transmitted wave that has both induction balance and pulse current inducing characteristics and uses pertinent sampling of the receive data. Combining the two data sources provides eddy current target identification while excluding ground permeability and remanence obscuration.12-29-2011
20120062234DISTINGUISHING FALSE SIGNALS IN CABLE LOCATING - Discriminating between a cable locating signal and a false cable locating signal is described. A reference signal, which contains a locating signal frequency impressed on it, is transmitted in a way which provides for detection of a phase shift between the locating signal and the false locating signal. Based on the phase shift, a receiver is used to distinguish the locating signal from the false locating signal.03-15-2012
20100207633LOCALIZATION SYSTEM FOR AN EARTH MOVING MACHINE - The invention relates to a localization system for localizing an underground object for an earthmoving machine comprising a working part. Said localization system comprises a fastening component and a detector component. The fastening component can be arranged on the working part for example by means of magnets. The detector component is adapted to detect the object using an electromagnetic field that can be associated with the object and is arranged on the fastening component so as to swing like a pendulum, thereby effecting an alignment of the detector component under the effect of gravity. Optionally, the localization system comprises an arithmetic component for deriving a distance information of the object from the detected value. The localization system also comprises a display component for displaying and/or forwarding the detected value and/or the distance information.08-19-2010
20110181288Trace explosives personnel screening system - A detector system with a portal including a plurality of output ports that direct a plurality of output airstreams in an essentially horizontal direction, and a plurality of intake ports that pull in air. The system also includes at least one concentrator coupled to at least one of the intake ports, and a detector coupled to the concentrator. The horizontally oriented output airstreams and multiple intake ports provide a system that can rapidly screen multiple people for explosives and other substances.07-28-2011
20120212226PRE-AMPLIFIER AND MIXER CIRCUITRY FOR A LOCATOR ANTENNA - A pre-amplifier circuit for connection to an antenna of a human-portable locator includes a differential amplifier/mixer pair and means for allowing a common-mode “phantom” signal to modulate a transfer function of the differential amplifier/mixer pair. The common-mode phantom signal modulates the transfer function of the differential pre-amplifier “onboard” the antenna without the usual requirement for onboard power supply and signal oscillator. This technique uses the same electronic components to provide both pre-amplification and mixing functions, thereby improving circuit performance-to-cost ratio, reducing mixer power consumption, situating the necessary signal oscillator remotely from the mixer, and greatly improving the available system bandwidth by limiting spectral transmission demands to the mixed signal bandwidth alone.08-23-2012
20120212227 METAL DETECTOR TARGET DISCRIMINATION IN MINERALIZED SOILS - This invention relates to receive electronics of a metal detector for processing a received signal from a target in a soil, the receive electronics including: processing electronics for synchronous demodulating or sampling the received signal to produce at least two substantially ground balanced signals; processing electronics for processing the at least two substantially ground balanced signals to produce at least two substantially ground balanced processed signals, a first substantially ground balanced processed signal being more indicative of a spread of a time constant density spectrum of the received signal than a second substantially ground balanced processed signal, and the second substantially ground balanced processed signal being more indicative of an average time constant of the received signal than the first substantially ground balanced processed signal; and processing electronics for processing the at least two substantially ground balanced processed signals to produce an output signal indicative of at least the spread of the time constant density spectrum.08-23-2012
20100052684LOCALIZATION SYSTEM FOR AN EARTHMOVING MACHINE - The invention relates to a localization system for localizing an underground object for an earthmoving machine comprising a working part. Said localization system comprises a fastening component and a detector component. The fastening component can be arranged on the working part for example by means of magnets. The detector component is adapted to detect the object using an electromagnetic field that can be associated with the object and is arranged on the fastening component so as to swing like a pendulum, thereby effecting an alignment of the detector component under the effect of gravity. Optionally, the localization system comprises an arithmetic component for deriving a distance information of the object from the detected value. The localization system also comprises a display component for displaying and/or forwarding the detected value and/or the distance information.03-04-2010
20100259265Flux Plane Locating in an Underground Drilling System - A portable locator and method for establishing the location of the cable line in a region which includes at least one generally straight electrically conductive cable line extending across the region from which cable line a locating signal includes a first arrangement for measuring a local flux intensity of the locating signal at a first above ground point within the region with the portable locator in a particular orientation at the first above ground point. A second arrangement uses the local flux intensity to establish a cable line angular orientation which limits the possible directions to the cable line relative to the particular orientation of the portable locator at the above ground point. A third arrangement uses the measured local flux intensity to establish an actual direction of the cable line that is selected from the possible directions based on certain characteristics of the locating signal.10-14-2010
20080297158Gradiometric Directional Metal Detector - An implementation of a direction finding and magnetic nulling metal detector is provided. Some embodiments of the present invention provide for a metal detector having multiple resonant circuits and associated coils for transmitting a primary transmit signal, transmitting a magnetic nulling signal, and receiving a receive signal. A controller includes logic to process the generate the transmit signals and to process the received signal in order to determine a gradient vector along one or two dimensions, a depth and whether or not a metal object is ferrous.12-04-2008
20120319691LOCATING TECHNIQUE AND APPARATUS USING AN APPROXIMATED DIPOLE SIGNAL - Location determination is performed using a transmitter including an elongated generally planar loop antenna defining an elongation axis. The elongation axis is positioned along at least a portion of a path. A magnetic field is then generated which approximates a dipole field. Certain characteristics of the magnetic field are then determined at a receiving position radially displaced from the antenna elongation axis. Using the determined certain characteristics, at least one orientation parameter is established which characterizes a positional relationship between the receiving position and the antenna on the path. The magnetic field may be transmitted as a monotone single phase signal. The orientation parameter may be a radial offset and/or an angular orientation between the receiving position and the antenna on the path. The antenna of the transmitter may be inserted into a first borehole to transmit the magnetic field to a receiver inserted into a second borehole.12-20-2012
20080309344Systems and methods useful for detecting presence and / or location of various materials - The present invention provides systems and methods which can be employed to locate or detect presence of various materials, including nonferrous metals. These systems include new and useful sensors, circuits, systems and devices which power and/or interoperate with the sensors, and methods of making, operating and using such systems. Any or all of the systems, devices or processes can be combined with other systems, devices or processes disclosed.12-18-2008
20080224704Apparatus and method for detecting and identifying ferrous and non-ferrous metals - A metal detector using a linear current ramp followed by an abrupt current transition to energize the transmitter coil. The constant emf imposed on the target during the current ramp permits separation of transient voltages generated in response to eddy currents in the target and its environment from the voltages arising as a result of an inductive imbalance of the coil system The temporal separation of the various voltages makes reliable differentiation between ferrous and non-ferrous targets possible.09-18-2008
20110273178DEVICE FOR MARKING OUT BURIED OBJECTS - A method and apparatus for marking the location of a buried object in which the location of the buried object is determined and a barhole driver or plunger bar having a detachable plug element and a marking material for marking the location of the buried object is driven into the ground proximate the location of the buried object. The detachable plug element detaches from the plunger bar as the plunger bar is removed from the ground, leaving a substantially continuous path of the marking material in the ground extending substantially continuously from proximate the detachable plug element to the ground surface.11-10-2011
20110267063LOCATING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD USING BORING TOOL AND CABLE LOCATING SIGNALS - An arrangement and an associated method are described in which a boring tool is moved through the ground within a given region along a path in which region a cable is buried. The boring tool and the cable transmit a boring tool locating signal and a cable locating signal, respectively. Intensities of the boring tool locating signal and the cable locating signal are measured along with a pitch orientation of the boring tool. Using the measured intensities and established pitch orientation, a positional relationship is determined to relative scale including at least the boring tool and the cable in the region. The positional relationship is displayed to scale in one view. The positional relationship may be determined and displayed including the forward locate point in scaled relation to the boring tool and the cable. Cable depth determination techniques are described including a two-point ground depth determination method.11-03-2011
20130119992Automatic Locator Antenna Tuning System - A tuning system for a receiver of magnetic field signals. The system utilizes a stable magnetic source of known frequency, and detects a strength of the magnetic field at an antenna assembly. The strength of the magnetic field is recorded by a processor, and a control signal is adjusted to change the center frequency of the antenna assembly. Further, two or more antennas in an antenna assembly may be balanced through the same method. A variable reactance means in communication with the processor is utilized to change the center frequency of individual antennas and the antenna assembly as a whole to tune the antenna and optimize a signal to noise ratio at the receiver.05-16-2013
20130127470BURIED OBJECT LOCATOR APPARATUS AND SYSTEMS - Buried object locators including various antenna configurations and safety features are disclosed. In one embodiment a locator includes a body, one or more antenna nodes coupled to the body, and a safety light assembly disposed on or within the body. The locator may further include a surface light assembly and camera and/or one or more GPS and/or ISM antennas and receiver/sensor modules. The antenna nodes may be gradient and/or dodecahedral antenna nodes.05-23-2013
20130200901PHASE SYNCHRONIZED BURIED OBJECT LOCATOR APPARATUS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS - Buried object locator systems including transmitters and associated buried object locators using phase-synchronized signals are disclosed. A transmitter may generate output current signals that are phase-synchronized such that an associated locator may receive magnetic field signals from the output current signal and determine information about the current flow based on independent phase-synchronization timing information.08-08-2013
20120086455METHOD FOR OPERATING OF A METAL DETECTION SYSTEM AND METAL DETECTION SYSTEM - A method for operating of a metal detection system may comprise a balanced coil system with a transmitter coil that is connected to a transmitter unit, which generates transmitter signals having a transmitter frequency that is selected from a group of at least two transmitter frequencies, and with a first and a second receiver coil that provide output signals to a signal input of at least one amplifier unit included in a receiver unit, wherein the output signals compensate each other so that the system is in balance. A system adapted to operate according to an exemplary method is also provided. In an exemplary embodiment, a control unit generates a control signal according to the transmitter frequency of the transmitter unit and that is provided to the control input of at least one controllable impedance unit, which is coupled to the signal input of the at least one amplifier unit, wherein the control signal is adapted to control the impedance value of the at least one controllable impedance unit in such a way that the impedance value is increased or lowered when the transmitter frequency is increased or lowered.04-12-2012

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