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Switching circuit structure or component (e.g., inverter, bridge circuit, etc.)

Subclass of:

318 - Electricity: motive power systems

318700000 - SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR SYSTEMS

318400010 - Brushless motor closed-loop control

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
318400270 Having both high-side and low-side switching elements for plural-phase motor 53
318400290 H-bridge 26
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130033211SWITCHING-MODE POWER SUPPLIES AND CONTROL METHODS THEREOF - Disclosed include switching-mode power supplies and control methods thereof. A disclosed switching-mode power supply is coupled to an input power node and a ground node, comprising a controller, a first inductor, and a bootstrap circuit. The controller is for controlling a power switch coupled to the input power node and a connection node. The controller is powered by the connection node and an operation power node. The first inductor is coupled between the connection node and a discharge node. The bootstrap circuit is coupled between the discharge node, the operation power node and the connection node, to make an operation voltage at the operation power node substantially not less than a discharge voltage at the discharge node. The discharge node is coupled to power an output load.02-07-2013
20100045221Electrical machine arrangement - Electrical machine arrangements have advantages with regard to providing local electrical power and starting. Embedding such electrical machine arrangements in machinery such as gas turbine engines is advantageous in removing mechanical linkages and reducing aerodynamic drag. However, the components utilised must be able to withstand harsh environmental conditions and therefore the DC link capacitor used for smoothing of voltage fluctuations are limited to relatively low capacitance densities. Low density DC link capacitors require large sizes which render electrical machines less acceptable for embedded usage. By providing offset of electrical current in inductance elements such as stator windings and stator coils of electrical machines in dead periods of the cycle a reduction in DC link capacitor requirements is achieved reducing the size, weight and complexity of installing electrical machines in gas turbine engines.02-25-2010
20120223664POWER SWITCH ARRANGEMENT FOR AN INVERTER - A power switch arrangement (09-06-2012
20130063063PARALLEL INVERTER DRIVE SYSTEM AND THE APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SUPPRESSING CIRCULATING CURRENT IN SUCH SYSTEM - Proposed is a parallel inverter drive system including includes a plurality of inverter drives connected in parallel with each other, in which each inverter drive includes a switch; a PWM controller connected to the switch for controlling switching operations of the switch device according to a duty cycle signal; and a circulating current suppressor for collecting current information associated with the current of each inverter drive and a summation current, and generating an index according to the collected current information and the desired circulating current quantity. A zero-sequence voltage is generated for each phase of a three-phase voltage command according to the index and the voltage command and the operating mode of the inverter drive, thereby injecting the zero-sequence voltage into the voltage command with a feed-forward configuration so as to fix the voltage command. The PWM controller can generate the duty cycle signal according to the fixed voltage command.03-14-2013
20090237022APPARATUS FOR CARRYING OUT IMPROVED CONTROL OF ROTARY MACHINE - In an apparatus, a phase setter sets, based on a deviation between a generated torque and a request torque for a rotary machine, a phase of a vector of a variable output voltage of a power converter in a two-phase rotating coordinate system defined in a rotor of the rotary machine. A norm setter sets, based on the phase set by the phase setter and a rotational velocity of the rotor, a norm of the vector of the output voltage in the two-phase rotating coordinate system. A drive signal determiner determines, based on the phase set by the phase setter and the norm set by the norm setter, a drive signal, and applies the drive signal to the switching member to thereby drive the switching member such that the generated torque is adjusted to a request torque.09-24-2009
20130162187Method and Motor Driving Circuit for Adjusting Rotational Speed of Motor - A method for adjusting rotational speed of a motor is also disclosed. The method includes determining whether an input voltage of the motor enters into a predetermined voltage range; generating a pulse width modulation signal when the input voltage of the motor enters into the predetermined voltage range; and driving the motor to rotate according to the pulse width modulation signal.06-27-2013
20120306416BRUSHLESS MOTOR DRIVE DEVICE AND DRIVE METHOD - The invention relates to a brushless motor drive device that performs switching determination of energization modes of a three-phase brushless motor according to a sensorless method, and a drive method thereof. A pulse induced voltage induced in a non-energized phase of three phases by a pulse voltage is compared with a threshold to determine the switching timing of the energization modes. Here, by limiting a duty ratio of a voltage application to equal to or greater than a lower limit, a situation in which the pulse induced voltage is sampled while the pulse induced voltage is oscillating is avoided, and a situation in which the pulse induced voltage falls below a voltage detection resolution is avoided. As a result, determination of energization mode switching timing based on a pulse induced voltage can be performed more stably.12-06-2012
20100171454DC/DC BRIDGE - DC/DC bridge for controlling a direct-current load (M07-08-2010
20090160382Motor controller of air conditioner - The present invention relates to a motor controller of an air conditioner, including a converter for converting a commercial AC power into a DC power, an inverter including a plurality of switching elements, the inverter receiving the DC power, converting the DC power into an AC power through a switching operation and driving a three-phase motor, a gate driver for controlling the switching operation of the switching elements, and a plurality of voltage drop units connected between the converter and the gate driver, the voltage drop units dropping the DC power and supplying driving voltages for an operation of the switching elements. Accordingly, circuit elements within a controller can be protected.06-25-2009
20090146594INVERTER SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE-MOUNTED AIR CONDITIONER - The present invention has an object to provide an inverter system for a vehicle-mounted air conditioner that prevents noise from entering a control circuit and allows high speed communication. A motor control microcomputer 06-11-2009
20100117576Motor driver - A motor driver, including a bridge circuit including a switching element and a diode, connecting with a coil terminal of each phase of a polyphase motor; a modulator modulating a voltage value applied to the coil terminal of each phase such that a minimum voltage value applied thereto is zero; a PWM signal generator generating a PWM signal, based on the voltage value applied to each phase, which is modulated by the modulator; and a switching element drive signal generator generating a switching element drive signal to drive the switching signal, based on the PWM signal generated by the PWM signal generator.05-13-2010
20090200973Motor drive circuit - A motor-drive circuit comprising: a current-passage-control circuit to perform ON/OFF control of a drive transistor connected to a motor coil to pass current through the motor coil; an overcurrent-state-detection circuit to detect whether current passing through the drive transistor is in an overcurrent state where the current exceeds a predetermined threshold value; a charging and discharging circuit to start charging a capacitor in response to detecting the overcurrent state by the overcurrent-state-detection circuit and subsequently discharge the capacitor in response to not detecting the overcurrent state; and an overcurrent-protection-control circuit to stop the ON/OFF control to turn off the drive transistor, for an elapsed charging period for a charging voltage of the capacitor at a predetermined voltage to exceed a threshold voltage, and determine whether to perform such an overcurrent-protection-control as to turn off the drive transistor by detection of the overcurrent state, after the charging period has elapsed.08-13-2009
20110204834MOTOR DRIVING CIRCUIT - A motor-driving circuit includes: a plurality of output transistors; a first-comparator circuit to compare a voltage of each phase of driving coils of a plurality of phases in a motor, with a neutral-point voltage; a position-detecting circuit to detect a rotor position of the motor based on a comparison result of the first-comparator circuit; a switching-control circuit to supply switching signals to the plurality of output transistors according to the rotor position; and a current-limiting circuit to limit the driving currents to a first-current value so that the motor rotates at a target-rotation speed when the current-limiting circuit determines that the motor is rotating at a speed higher than or equal to a predetermined-reference-rotation speed, and limit the driving currents to a second-current value smaller than the first-current value when the current-limiting circuit determines that the motor is not rotating at the speed higher than or equal to the predetermined-reference-rotation speed.08-25-2011
20090174352Computer Controlled Brushless Synchronous Motor - A brushless synchronous motor includes a controller producing a plurality of current vectors having different directions, applied to the synchronous motor. The synchronous motor control system includes a sensor for sensing the rotational angle of a synchronous motor, and a computer for generating data describing a plurality of current vectors corresponding to the rotational angle sensed by the sensor. The computer interfaces with a plurality of digital to analogue conversion circuits generating a plurality of control signals. The control signals are applied to amplification circuitry thereby generating a plurality of current vectors to supply the stator coils of the motor. The motor includes two sections of stator coil arrangements; one is arranged interior to the permanent magnets of the rotor, and one is arrange exterior to the rotor.07-09-2009
20100127651FAN CONTROLLING CIRCUIT - A fan controlling circuit is provided. The fan controlling circuit includes an integral unit, an operational amplifier, a PMOS transistor, and an NMOS transistor. The integral unit transforms pulse width modulation (PWM) signals to voltages, and transmits the voltages to positive and negative input terminals of the operational amplifier. The PMOS transistor is coupled between a first PWM signal and an output terminal, and a gate of the PMOS transistor is coupled to an output of the operational amplifier. The NMOS transistor is coupled between a second PWM signal and the output terminal, and a gate of the NMOS transistor is coupled to the output of the operational amplifier. The fan controlling circuit may be formed by discrete elements and use a same voltage source as fans, so that the design cost and complexity are reduced.05-27-2010
20100141189POWER SUPPLY WITH TWO SERIES INVERTERS FOR A POLYPHASE ELECTROMECHANICAL ACTUATOR - The invention relates to a power supply having two inverters (A, B) in series for powering an electromechanical actuator having an electric motor including a plurality of windings (R06-10-2010
20100270958ELECTRIC POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE - In an electric power steering system, a drain terminal side of a semiconductor relay is positioned to face a heat sink through an insulation film layer. The semiconductor relay has a source terminal between a gate terminal and a drain terminal. The source terminal is provided between the gate terminal and the drain terminal with respect to parts of the gate terminal, the drain terminal and the source terminal, which extend generally in parallel each other on the same plane.10-28-2010
20100270957BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM - The present invention relates to a control technology of a three-phase DC motor. In order to resolve a problem in the prior art that the good current closed-loop control has not been realized on a three-phase square-wave brushless DC motor, the present invention provides a brushless DC motor control system, wherein cathodes of freewheel diodes D10-28-2010
20110266989MOTOR SYSTEM - A motor system comprises a motor and a driving module. The motor has a plurality coil units not electrically connected to each other. The driving module has a control unit, a driving unit and a circuit board. The control unit is coupled to the driving unit. The driving unit has a plurality of driving circuits. The number of the driving circuits is the same as the number of the coil units. Each of the driving circuits is coupled to a respective one of the coil units so as to form a plurality of independent coil loops. The control unit and the driving unit are mounted on the circuit board.11-03-2011
20120104984POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CIRCUITS FOR SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MACHINES - An electrical device has a capacitive storage element and first and second switches. The capacitive storage element and first and second switches are interconnected such that when interconnected with a direct current (dc) voltage supply and first and second windings of an electrical machine: (1) a first operational state exists in which conductive states of the first and second switches cause the dc voltage supply to conduct current through the first winding and the first switch and conduct current through the first and second switches and the second winding, respectively, thereby storing energy within the first and second windings, and (2) a second operational state exists in which non-conductive states of the first and second switches cause each of the first and second windings to discharge stored energy by conducting current through the capacitive storage element, thereby storing energy in the capacitive storage element.05-03-2012
20120068646CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONVERTER AND ELECTRICALLY POWERED VEHICLE PROVIDED WITH THE SAME - A voltage control operation unit receives, from a subtraction unit, a value obtained by subtracting a detection value of a voltage from a voltage command value, and performs a control operation for setting the voltage to be equal to the voltage command value. The voltage control operation unit outputs the calculated control amount as a current command value. A current control operation unit receives, from a subtraction unit, a value obtained by subtracting a detection value of a current from a current command value, and performs a control operation for setting the current to be equal to the current command value. A driving signal generation unit generates a signal for driving a boost converter based on a duty command value received from the current control operation unit.03-22-2012
20090230906MOS TRANSISTOR CONTROL - The invention concerns a method for controlling a switching assembly comprising a plurality of transistors connected in parallel, having a linear operating mode, a closed-switch operating mode and an off operating mode including a first operating phase during which a current flows from a source terminal to a drain terminal and a second operating phase during which no current flows. The method includes the following successive steps; (a) controlling the switching assembly in closed-switch mode during part of the first phase; (b) controlling the switching assembly in linear mode; (c) controlling the assembly in off mode during part of the second phase.09-17-2009
20130214715CIRCUIT FOR FILTERING NARROW PULSE AND COMPENSATING WIDE PULSE, AND MOTOR CONTROLLER COMPRISING THE CIRCUIT - A circuit for filtering narrow pulse and compensating wide pulse, including a signal shaping circuit, a filter circuit, and a pulse width compensating circuit. The signal shaping circuit processes an input signal and transmits the input signal to the filter circuit. The filter circuit filters off narrow pulses of the input signal. The pulse width compensating circuit compensates the wide pulses of the input signal and outputs an output signal.08-22-2013
20100219782ELECTRIC MOTOR - An electronically commutated electric motor (09-02-2010
20100253267POWER CONVERSION DEVICE - A power conversion device includes: an inverter that drives an alternating-current motor by converting a direct-current voltage into an alternating-current voltage of an arbitrary frequency; an alternating current disconnecting switching unit connected between the inverter and the alternating-current motor; a current detector that detects an output current of the inverter; and a controller that performs on/off-control of the plural switching elements in the inverter and switching control with respect to the switching unit, based on at least a current detected by the current detector. The controller has a configuration to be able to interrupt a fault current by setting the fault current to a state of generating a current zero point, when the fault current containing a direct-current component is generated between the inverter and the alternating-current motor.10-07-2010
20100127650POWER SUPPLY TOPOLOGY FOR A MULTI-PROCESSOR CONTROLLER IN AN ELECTRIC TRACTION SYSTEM - A multi-processor controller is provided. The multi-processor controller can be used to control the operation of an inverter in a vehicle-based electric traction system. The multi-processor controller includes a first processor device having a first supply voltage node, a second processor device having a second supply voltage node, a first voltage regulator, and a second voltage regulator. The first voltage regulator has a first output voltage node coupled to the first supply voltage node, and the first voltage regulator is configured to generate a first regulated supply voltage for the first processor device. The second voltage regulator has a second output voltage node coupled to the second supply voltage node, and the second voltage regulator is configured to generate a second regulated supply voltage for the second processor device.05-27-2010
20100253266BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR WITH SOFT-STARTING OF PWM SIGNALS - A DC motor is provided. The DC motor prevents rush or overload of current in the DC motor during and/or after power input irregularities to the DC motor. A control circuit of the DC motor is configured to control current provided to the DC motor. When power irregularities in the power input to the DC motor are detected by the control circuit, the control circuit stops generating PWM (Pulse Width Modulated) signals and stops the current provided to the DC motor. After the stoppage of PWM signals, the control circuit can perform a soft-start of the PWM signals when the power irregularities are no longer detected. The soft starting of the PWM signals generates gradual increase in current to the DC motor, thus, preventing sudden rush of current that cause malfunction of the DC motor.10-07-2010
20100253269METHOD FOR OPERATING A ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE - A method is disclosed for operating a rotating electric machine, wherein the rotating electric machine is connected by phases to a converter circuit having a direct-current circuit for switching at least two voltage levels, and the phases of the converter circuit are connected to the direct-current circuit according to a selected switch state combination of switch states of power semi-conductor switches of the converter circuit. Exemplary embodiments can reduce the switching frequency of the power semi-conductor switches, based on a prediction of further behavior of the overall system, and selection of an optimum switching state combination.10-07-2010
20110057593Position Sensorless Motor Control - A control system is provided for an AC electric motor which comprises a rotor and a stator and a plurality of phase windings connected in a star formation, each winding having one end connected to a common neutral point and another end arranged to have a terminal voltage applied to it. The control system comprises switching means arranged to control the terminal voltages applied to the windings and control means arranged to control the switching means so as to switch it between a plurality of states in each of a sequence of PWM periods. The control means is further arranged to measure the voltage at the neutral point at sample times within the PWM periods and to generate from the measured voltages an estimation of the rotational position of the rotor.03-10-2011
20110057592POWER TRANSISTOR CIRCUIT - A power transistor has a first current electrode coupled to a first power supply terminal and a second current electrode as an output of the circuit. A driver control circuit is coupled between a first and a second internal power supply node and is coupled to a control electrode of the power transistor. A first switch selectively couples the first power supply terminal to the first internal power supply node. A second power supply terminal is coupled to the second internal power supply node. A diode has an anode coupled to the second internal power supply node. A second switch is coupled between the diode and the output of the circuit such that, when the circuit is in active mode, it selectively couples the cathode of the diode to the output of the circuit based on whether or not the second power supply terminal is coupled to an external ground.03-10-2011
20110031916Inverter Circuit with IPM Module for Brushless Motor - An inverter circuit for a brushless motor utilizes an IPM integrated circuit module. The module includes insulated gate bipolar transistors and has outputs for providing driving signals to the brushless motor based on control signals received at inputs from a microcontroller. A sensing circuit measures the current at the lines from the outputs of the IPM integrated circuit module to the motor. A feedback circuit processes the current measurements and provides signals corresponding to the measured current to the microcontroller.02-10-2011
20110031915System and Apparatus for Use of a 3-Phase Motor in a Vehicle - A system and apparatus that allows the use of a 3-phase AC motor in a vehicle by associating a series capacitor with each phase winding. The capacitor can be charged through the motor winding and then switched to discharge through the winding in a resonant oscillatory mode. The capacitor values can be chosen so that the winding and capacitor in series resonates at approximately 60 Hz. Oscillations in each phase can be staggered by around 120 degrees. The charging and discharging is controlled by electronic SPDT switches that switch around 300 VAC/500 VDC at around 15 amps for each phase. With an average DC current of 20 amps from a 48 volt battery pack (four 12 volt batteries connected in series) and 75% discharge of the capacitors, the present invention can run a 7.5 HP, 3-phase, 240 VAC motor for approximately 3.5 hours or longer. A simple oscillator circuit can drive the switches at the resonant frequency.02-10-2011
20100253268CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AN ELECTRIC MACHINE - A control system for an electric machine, the control system including a current controller and a drive controller. The current controller includes an input, an output, a comparator and a latch. The comparator sets the latch when a voltage at the input exceeds a threshold, and the latch outputs an overcurrent signal when set. The drive controller then resets the latch after a predetermined period of time.10-07-2010
20110018481METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A POLYPHASE CONVERTER WITH DISTRIBUTED ENERGY STORES AT LOW OUTPUT FREQUENCIES - The invention relates to a method for controlling a multi-phase power converter having at least two phase modules (01-27-2011
20110043149MOTOR CONTROLLING DEVICE - In a controlling device for a permanent magnet synchronous motor, an asynchronous pulse mode is switched to a synchronous pulse mode in a situation where a modulation factor has become equal to or larger than a first set value or in a situation where an inverter output frequency has become equal to or higher than a second set value. The synchronous pulse mode is switched to the asynchronous pulse mode in a situation where the modulation factor has become smaller than the first set value, and also, the inverter output frequency has become lower than the second set value. By setting the second set value so that the number of pulses included in a half cycle of an output voltage fundamental wave of the inverter is equal to or larger than a predetermined value, it is possible to inhibit current oscillations and torque ripples from occurring in the motor.02-24-2011
20110043150INVERTER CONTROL DEVICE AND POWER CONVERSION DEVICE - A DC voltage value from a DC voltage detection section is input directly to a voltage correction section without passing through a compensator or a filter. Therefore, even when rapid voltage change occurs, such as short power interruptions, instantaneous voltage drop and return from instantaneous voltage drop, the voltage correction section can quickly perform the correction operation in response to the rapid voltage change. Since the amount of link resonance compensation is limited by the limitation section to a certain range, it is possible to prevent the amount of link resonance compensation from fluctuating excessively upon rapid voltage change. Since the amount of link resonance compensation which is limited by the limitation section to a certain range is input to one compensator that has an appropriate control band, among all control calculation sections, the response does not have to be unnecessarily fast, thus realizing a stable control.02-24-2011
20100164418Power Converting Apparatus - To reduce, in a power converting apparatus for an electric locomotive, a sixth-order harmonic noise induced by a torque ripple component equivalent to a sixth-order frequency of an inverter frequency. When a motor is driven in a three-pulse mode to drive the electric locomotive, three pulses included within a ½ cycle of the inverter frequency in a PWM waveform, which is used for controlling a switching element of an inverter unit that drives the motor, are set to satisfy Tq≧T/8, Tp≦Tq/2, and Tr≦Tq/2 where, assuming that the three pulses include a first pulse, a second pulse, and a third pulse from an order of generation, Tp is a pulse width of the first pulse, Tq is ½ of a pulse width (full width at half maximum of a pulse) of the second pulse, Tr is a pulse width of the third pulse, and T is a cycle of the inverter frequency.07-01-2010
20110084637MOTOR AND DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEM THEREOF - Provided is a motor having a magnetic polar unit in which a permanent magnetic polar array having arranged therein alternately a plurality of permanent magnetic polar elements in alternate opposite poles is made to face a plurality of electromagnetic coil arrays alternately excited at opposite poles, and the permanent magnetic polar array is made to move thereby; wherein the motor further comprises a sensor for detecting the periodical magnetic change accompanying the movement of the permanent magnetic polar array, the output of the sensor is directly returned as a direct drive waveform to the electromagnetic coils, and this drive circuit forms the excitation signal based on the return signal.04-14-2011
20100066286MOTOR CONTROLLER - A motor controller includes a motor drive circuit and a control circuit. The control circuit outputs a drive signal having a pulse width, which indicates a period of time where the drive state of the motor is kept, to the motor drive circuit on the basis of an instruction value of torque generated in the motor. The control circuit sets the maximum value of drive current supplied to the motor. The control circuit has a constant-current control phase where the pulse width of the drive signal is defined as a period of time between the time when power begins to be supplied to the motor and the time when a value of actual drive current reaches the maximum value, and a constant-voltage control phase where the pulse width of the drive signal is defined to be equal to the pulse width of a modulated instruction value while the actual drive current of the motor does not reach the maximum value.03-18-2010
20110074325Electronic Commutator Circuits - The present invention provides an electronic commutator circuit for use with a stator winding of an electrical machine. The stator winding of the electrical machine includes a number of coils linked by the same number of points of common coupling. The electronic commutator circuit comprising the same number of switching stages, each switching stage being connected between a respective one of the points of common coupling and first and second dc terminals. Each switching stage further includes a first reverse blocking semiconductor power device (such as a Reverse Blocking Gate Turn Off Thyristor (RB-GTO 03-31-2011
20100320949Multi Output Inverter - The present invention relates to a multi output inverter that is adapted to supply mains powered appliances (12-23-2010
20100320950INVERTER DEVICE - In a 2-shunt system, accurate sensorless vector control can be realized without increasing shunt resistors. There is disclosed an inverter device including an inverter main circuit obtained by connecting, in a three-phase bridge-like manner, three arms formed by coupling, in series with a direct-current power source, two switching elements which perform mutually opposite on/off operations, to apply three-phase pseudo alternating-current voltages of a three-phase PWM system to an electric motor; shunt resistors connected to the direct-current power source in series with at least two of the three arms of the inverter main circuit; and a controller for detecting currents flowing through the shunt resistors in a predetermined cycle to control the on/off operations of the switching elements of the inverter main circuit based on the detected currents. The controller converts, into the current value of a specific angle range, a current value detected at a time before approximately 180° corresponding to the specific angle range where the on-time of the switching elements is continuously not more than a predetermined value, and then uses the converted current value.12-23-2010
20110254490MOTOR-DRIVING APPARATUS - A motor-driving apparatus, comprising a main driving unit having a plurality of main current-driving ends coupled to a stator coil of a motor, a detection control unit coupled to the main driving unit, and an auxiliary driving unit coupled to the detection control unit and having a plurality of auxiliary current-driving ends. Wherein, the number of the main current-driving ends is the same as that of the auxiliary current-driving ends, and each of the main current-driving ends is connected to a respective one of the auxiliary current-driving ends in parallel.10-20-2011
20110148337POWER SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP, POWER SEMICONDUCTOR MODULE, INVERTER APPARATUS, AND INVERTER-INTEGRATED MOTOR - Provided is an inverter-integrated motor including a motor and an inverter integrated in an efficient manner. Also provided is a semiconductor chip that can be used in this motor. An IGBT chip is constructed with an emitter terminal being provided at the apex of one face of a die having a regular triangular surface shape, a gate terminal being provided adjacent the opposite side to the apex, and a collector terminal being provided on the other face. A power semiconductor module is constructed with placing apices of the IGBT chips having the emitter terminals in abutment against each other. Six such power semiconductor chips are arranged in a regular hexagonal pattern to together constitute an inverter for converting DC power into three-phase AC power.06-23-2011
20110025245ELECTRIC MOTOR WITH POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT SUPPLYING ISOLATED ELECTRIC POWER - Circuitry for controlling motors, such as a brushless motor (BLM), is disclosed. The circuitry may comprise one or more inputs for receiving rotor position signals from one or more Hall effect sensors that detect the position of, for example, a BLM rotor. The circuitry may also comprise an input for receiving a pulse width modulated speed control signal. The circuitry generates one or more drive signals, each of which may comprise a logical combination (e.g., a logical AND combination) of the speed control signal and a rotor position signal, for controlling power switches that are coupled to electromagnets of the BLM.02-03-2011
20120306417INVERTER SYSTEM FOR OPERATING AN ELECTRIC MOTOR - An inverter system for operating an electric motor includes an input port for providing an electrical voltage, a bridge inverter circuit connected downstream from the input port for generating an electrical alternating voltage for the electric motor based on the electrical voltage. The bridge inverter circuit has at least one half-bridge branch including switching elements configured to be open for transferring the electric motor into a freewheeling state, and a decoupling switching element designed for decoupling the at least one half-bridge branch in the freewheeling state of the electric motor from the input port, in order to suppress a reaction of the freewheeling electric motor on the input port.12-06-2012
20120013283PARALLEL POWER INVERTER MOTOR DRIVE SYSTEM - Multiple inverter motor drives are interconnected in parallel to provide a common output to a motor. Common control circuitry is coupled to all parallel drives via optical cables and provides signals to power layer circuitry of each inverter for generation, at the power layer, of timing for gate drive signals for the respective inverter power electronic switches. The resulting timing exhibits a high degree of synchronicity such that very little imbalance occurs in the outputs of the paralleled drives, resulting in very low circulating currents.01-19-2012
20120056569CONTROL DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR AC MOTOR - A control device for performing PWM control of an inverter includes a synchronous PWM control circuit for generating a control command for the inverter by performing PWM control based on a comparison between a sinusoidal voltage command signal for operating the AC motor according to an operation command and a carrier signal, and a carrier generating unit for keeping an integer as a synchronization number being a frequency ratio between the voltage command signal and the carrier signal, and producing the carrier signal by switching the synchronization number according to an operation state of the AC motor. The carrier generating unit adjusts a phase relationship between the voltage command signal and the carrier signal according to the synchronization number such that an AC current transmitted between the inverter and the AC motor according to the control command provided from the synchronous PWM control circuit is symmetrical with respect to a boundary between positive and negative portions.03-08-2012
20120153882Method and Apparatus for Synchronization of Pulse Width Modulation - An inverter executing a PWM routine is configured to synchronize the switching periods of the PWM routine to an external signal. The external signal is generated, for example, by another inverter, a converter, or a high level controller. The external signal is preferably generated periodically, and the switching period is resynchronized to the external signal each time the external signal is received. Optionally, either the start time or the midpoint of the switching period may be aligned with external signal. Further, the external signal may be sent to multiple inverters. Preferably, a first portion of the inverters align the start time of their respective switching period to the external signal and a second portion of the inverters align the midpoint of their respective switching period to the external signal.06-21-2012
20090115363Electronic Commutator Circuits - The electronic commutator circuits provide forced commutation enhancements that can be embedded within a known electronic commutator to overcome its low speed torque limitation. The forced commutation enhancements to the basic switched stage use a pair of thyristors. Capacitors may be pre-charged and synchronized to supplement coil voltages when discharged, thereby reducing commutation overlap duration and maximizing the turn-off time available to allow the thyristors to attain forward blocking capability. A capacitive discharge can be achieved by initiating the capacitive discharge by the same thyristor that will carry the current following the commutation, or by initiating the capacitive discharge by an auxiliary thyristor.05-07-2009
20120249031VARIABLE SPEED DRIVE WITH OPTIMIZED ARCHITECTURE - The invention relates to a variable speed drive (10-04-2012
20100289439DRIVING CONTROLLER FOR AC MOTOR - An object is to provide a driving controller for an AC motor that can prevent generation of an excessive voltage between lines of a motor and between contacts of a motor cut-off contactor and a continuous arc between contacts of the motor cut-off contactor, regardless of the type of a fault occurred, even when a phase in which a current zero point is not generated and a phase in which a current zero point is generated coexist in a fault current that flows between an inverter and the motor. A control unit is configured to open a motor cut-off contactor not at a time when a state of a detected current is determined to be abnormal but at a time when the state of the current is determined to be normal, even when a basic contactor-close command MKC0 becomes off (L level).11-18-2010
20120126734ALTERNATING CURRENT CHOPPER CIRCUIT WITH LOW NOISE - An alternating current chopper circuit with low noise is disclosed. The circuit includes a switching circuit, a first freewheel circuit, and a second freewheel circuit. The switching circuit has a control switching unit, which turns on and or off accordingly to a control signal. The first freewheel circuit and the second freewheel circuit are for providing a current-conducting path to the motor, when the control switching unit is turned off.05-24-2012
20120126733HIGH POWER-DENSITY, HIGH BACK EMF PERMANENT MAGNET MACHINE AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME - An electric drive system includes a permanent magnet machine having a rotor and a stator and a power converter electrically coupled to the permanent magnet machine and configured to convert a DC link voltage to an AC output voltage to drive the permanent magnet machine. The power converter includes a plurality of silicon carbide switching devices having a voltage rating that exceeds a peak line-to-line back electromotive force of the permanent magnet machine at a maximum speed of the permanent magnet machine.05-24-2012
20120212168AC MOTOR DRIVE CONTROL DEVICE - An AC motor drive control device including: an inverter, having a plurality of switching elements subjected to on-off control, for converting a DC voltage to an AC voltage with a desired frequency to drive an AC motor; a motor opening contactor connected between the inverter and the AC motor; a switching operation beforehand detection unit for detecting a switching operation of the motor opening contactor prior to the contact or detach of main contacts and outputting a switching operation beforehand detection signal; and a control unit having an inverter control unit for performing the on-off control for the plurality of switching elements and switching control for the motor opening contactor, and controlling the inverter based on the switching operation beforehand detection signal.08-23-2012
20120299516PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR SYSTEM - A sensorless permanent magnet motor system that prevents negative torque caused by back EMF. The system determines the position of the rotating permanent magnet by monitoring back EMF generated on an inactive coil of the motor system. A snubber circuit is used to prevent the back EMF from causing negative torque on the motor. The voltage of back EMF used to power a logic circuit, such as a microcontroller, that controls the operation of the motor. The microcontroller controls the operation of the motor by detecting back EMF and is also partially powered by the back EMF.11-29-2012
20120235613BACKUP POWER FOR OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE - In a first aspect, the invention is directed to a circuit for powering a gate drive for an electric motor for a vehicle with an electric motor. The circuit provides a primary power supply and a secondary power supply that powers the gate drive in the event the primary power supply fails. The primary power supply may draw power from the 12V battery on the vehicle. The secondary power supply may draw power from a high voltage battery pack on the vehicle that is normally used to provide power to the electric motor. By providing the secondary power supply to the gate drive, a 3-phase short can be applied to the motor in the event that it is needed as a safety measure even if there is a failure in the primary power supply.09-20-2012
20120268049System for Driving Elongated Electric Machines - Complete drive system, called motor-drive unit, for use in remote locations with limited radial space like downhole, narrow tunnels, pipelines and other applications with similar conditions. Given the spatial limitations the unit must have elongated shape. It includes a number of motors connected mechanically in series and a lower number of inverters, driving groups of the motors so that load is equally distributed along axis of the unit. Motors within each group can be electrically connected in series or in parallel. The motor-drive unit is supposed to be fed by DC voltage via a cable with length up to several km; therefore, it includes a buck converter for stabilization of voltage inside the unit and a power-line communication module to be controllable from the surface.10-25-2012
20120081053MOTOR CONTROL METHOD AND DEVICE - A control device includes a drive controller that controls the driving of an electromagnetic coil, and a regeneration controller that controls the regeneration of power from the electromagnetic coil. The drive controller includes an excitation interval setting unit that sets excitation and non-excitation intervals such that voltage is applied to the electromagnetic coil during the excitation interval but is not applied during the non-excitation interval. The excitation and non-excitation intervals are symmetrical with centers that respectively correspond to the π/2 and π phase points of the induced voltage waveform. The regeneration controller includes a regeneration interval setting unit that sets regeneration and non-regeneration intervals such that power is regenerated from the electromagnetic coil during the regeneration interval but is not regenerated during the non-regeneration interval. The regeneration and non-regeneration intervals are symmetrical with centers that respectively correspond to the π/2 and π phase points of the induced voltage waveform.04-05-2012
20120081052POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT - A power supply circuit includes two half bridge circuits, a controller and two terminals for connecting a motor. The controller includes a signal input terminal, a phase inverter, a wiring board having four soldering pads, and two conductors. The four soldering pads are connected to the signal terminal, an output terminal of the phase inverter, control terminals of lower switches of the two half bridge circuits. Two ends of the first conductor are connected to the first and the fourth soldering pads and two ends of the second conductor are connected to the second and the third soldering pads. Alternatively, two ends of the first conductor are connected to the first and the third soldering pads and two ends of the second conductor are connected to the second and the fourth soldering pads.04-05-2012
20100231152TRIPHASE ROTATING ELECTRIC MACHINE - A triphase rotating electric machine includes three coils evenly distributed around a rotational axes of the machine, and at least one first sensor, capable of generating a periodic signal to represent the position of the machine around the axle and a control circuit capable of controlling, when in the first mode, the conduction of a switch (KUH), linked to at least one of the three coils based on the periodic signal generated by the first sensor (U), such that the conduction phases of the switch (KUH) have a duration in the order of half the signal period (U). The control circuit is capable of controlling the switch (KUH), based on a second mode in which the conduction phases of the switch (KUH) have a duration in the order of a third of the signal period (U).09-16-2010
20120286712MOTOR DRIVE APPARATUS - In a motor drive apparatus for driving a three-phase AC motor, a first mounting part of a heat sink is formed along an end. A second mounting part is formed in a direction perpendicular to the first mounting part and includes a first column part and a second column part. Three motor relay FETs are mounted on the first mounting part. Six inverter FETs and two power relay FETs are mounted on the second mounting part. Leads of the FETs are electrically connected to an electric circuit substrate. Heat generated by the FETs is radiated to the heat sink through an insulating and heat radiating sheet. By thus arranging the FETs, the motor drive apparatus is reduced in size.11-15-2012
20120286711AC MOTOR - An embodiment of the invention provides an AC motor that is driven by an AC voltage. The AC motor includes a motor coil, a switch circuit, a position detector and a controller. The motor coil receives the AC voltage to drive an axis of the motor. The switch circuit is coupled to the motor coil and controls a current passing through the motor coil. The position detector detects the position of a motor rotor to output a polarity signal. The controller controls the switch circuit according to the polarity signal and the AC voltage to make the current to be a first current with a first direction or a second current with a second direction.11-15-2012
20120286713DETERMINATION OF THE POSITION OF THE ROTOR OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE - A frequency converter and a method for determining the position of the rotor of an electric machine are provided. The frequency converter includes a load bridge and a control of the load bridge, for supplying electricity between the load bridge and an electric machine connected to the load bridge. The frequency converter includes a determination for at least one electrical parameter of the electric machine, and includes a determination for the position of the rotor of the electric machine. The load bridge is fitted to supply a first alternating electricity excitation signal, which is formed in relation to the electrical angle of the electric machine, to the electric machine. The frequency converter is further fitted to determine the first alternating electricity response signal corresponding to the first alternating electricity excitation signal, and the position of the rotor is determined on the basis of the first alternating electricity response signal.11-15-2012
20130009581Motor Converter Circuit for an Electric Drive Motor and Electric Drive Device Having Such a Motor Converter Circuit - An electric drive device (01-10-2013
20130009580METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A POLYPHASE ELECTRICAL MACHINE - A polyphase electrical machine controlled by at least two parallel inverters, each including a number of branches equal to a number of phases of the machine and controlled by PWM. When detecting an inverter branch is faulty, the faulty branch is isolated and the phase in question is powered by each corresponding other inverter branch. The PWM is modified to make power switches of each other branch conductive in succession, without switching while absolute value of the current of the phase in question is greater than or equal to a threshold of 80% to 120% of (n−1)I01-10-2013
20130175958SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRANSMITTING AND/OR UTILIZING HVDC POWER IN A SUBMARINE ENVIRONMENT - Systems and methods for transmitting and/or utilizing high voltage DC (HVDC) electric current in a submarine environment. The systems and methods may include the use of a submarine hydrocarbon pipeline to transmit both the HVDC electric current and a fluid stream. The systems and methods also may include the use of the HVDC electric current to do mechanical work within the submarine environment. Additionally or alternatively, the systems and methods may use a pressure-compensated electronics apparatus (PCEA) to receive the HVDC electric current and to produce a conditioned electric current therefrom. The systems and methods further may include controlling a pressure within the PCEA, controlling a temperature of electronic equipment contained within the PCEA, providing the conditioned electric current to a submarine energy consuming device, controlling the operation of the submarine energy consuming device, and/or producing, processing, and/or transmitting hydrocarbons with the submarine energy consuming device.07-11-2013
20110273124LOW COST BLENDER CONTROL PERMITTING LOW ACTUATION FORCE SWITCHES - A control circuit for a blender provides low-cost power conditioning through the use of a high resistance which provides temporary power for operation of low-voltage logic circuitry and low-voltage switches for a time sufficient to switch the motor on, and a lower resistance which provides sufficient power for maintaining the motor on state indefinitely as instructed by the low-voltage logic circuitry. Low average power dissipation is provided by powering the low-voltage logic circuitry and low-voltage switches using the high resistance in a standby mode and switching in the lower resistance only when the motor is activated.11-10-2011
20110273123POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A MECHANICALLY COMMUTATED ELECTRIC MOTOR - The invention relates to a method for providing a trigger signal in response to the commutation of a mechanically commutated electric motor (11-10-2011
20130113402ACTUATOR HAVING AN ADJUSTABLE AUXILIARY OUTPUT - An actuator system having an actuator with an auxiliary switch. Make and break connection positions of the auxiliary switch relative to a rotative position of an output shaft coupling may be adjusted electronically according to an adjustment signal. The adjustment signal may be conveyed to the actuator from a computer or controller via a two-wire polarity insensitive bus. The adjustment signal may instead be provided an auxiliary potentiometer.05-09-2013
20130147409APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SWITCHING DEVICES FOR DC MOTOR - Disclosed is an apparatus and method for controlling switching devices for a DC motor, which controls the dead-time in an on-chip manner, even when a microcontroller is not mounted in a vehicle controller, by providing a semiconductor chip for controlling switching devices for a DC motor. More specifically, switching devices are mounted in a semiconductor chip to configure an internal circuit of the chip with a half-bridge and a dead-time controller is provided on the semiconductor chip and is configured to transmit gating signals by controlling dead-time periods during operation of the switching devices and drive the switching devices directly connected to a motor.06-13-2013
20130154530Variable Switching Frequency Power Converter - A drive system for an electrical load such as an electric motor or generator comprises a PWM converter and a controller therefore. A signal indicative of a condition of the converter outpost is used in a controller to drive an optimal value of PWM switching frequency based on a load characteristic that is used to control the pulse switching frequency. The system takes account of the overall system in deriving an efficient PWM switching frequency.06-20-2013
20130154531AC MOTOR DRIVING APPARATUS - In the case where DC power from a DC power supply is converted to AC power by an inverter and supplied to an AC motor, a power compensator is connected in parallel with a DC power input portion of the inverter, and a control device of the power compensator charges/discharges a power storage device to perform a power compensation process A when power demand for the AC motor exceeds a predetermined value, and takes into account power allowance which can be inputted and outputted from the DC power supply to the power storage device and performs a power storage adjustment process B of performing auxiliary charge of the power storage device within the range of the power allowance when the power compensation process A is unnecessary.06-20-2013
20130200829POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS OF HOME APPLIANCE - A power supply apparatus of a home appliance which meets standby power regulation of 0.5 watts using one SMPS. As compared with a general circuit which meets the standby power regulation using two or more SMPSs, it may be possible to curtail expenses required for addition of a separate standby only SMPS and miniaturize a PCB, resulting in a reduction in cost. Further, in a washing machine employing a motor, a circuit is provided to bypass a back EMF generated in the motor even if AC power is not supplied to the washing machine due to occurrence of a power failure or unplugging of the washing machine. Therefore, it may be possible to prevent a PCBA from being damaged due to the back EMF.08-08-2013

Patent applications in class Switching circuit structure or component (e.g., inverter, bridge circuit, etc.)

Patent applications in all subclasses Switching circuit structure or component (e.g., inverter, bridge circuit, etc.)