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Vector control (e.g., dq-axis control, 3-2 phase conversion, etc.)

Subclass of:

318 - Electricity: motive power systems

318700000 - SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR SYSTEMS

318400010 - Brushless motor closed-loop control

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DocumentTitleDate
20090058335CONTROL SYSTEM FOR BEARINGLESS MOTOR-GENERATOR - A control system for an electromagnetic rotary drive for bearingless motor-generators comprises a winding configuration comprising a plurality of individual pole pairs through which phase current flows, each phase current producing both a lateral force and a torque. A motor-generator comprises a stator, a rotor supported for movement relative to the stator, and a control system. The motor-generator comprises a winding configuration supported by the stator. The winding configuration comprises at least three pole pairs through which phase current flows resulting in three three-phase systems. Each phase system has a first rotor reference frame axis current that produces a levitating force with no average torque and a second rotor reference frame axis current that produces torque.03-05-2009
20090026989Electromagnetic Suspension Device - In an electromagnetic suspension device comprising one member (01-29-2009
20100148706POWER CONVERTER - In a power converter including a V connection inverter circuit, harmonic components included in output voltage are reduced to achieve a reduction in a loss of a load, such as a motor.06-17-2010
20110193505CONTROL DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC ROTARY MACHINE - A control device controls a power conversion circuit so as to adjust control values of a motor generator to optimum values. The power conversion circuit has switching elements for selectively connecting and disconnecting a battery and terminals of the motor generator. The control device sets a simulated voltage vector V(n+1) in one control-period forward to perform a prediction model control. On predicting a current, the control device uses a model in a rotary coordinate system, and sets the median value of the voltage vector V(n+1) in one control-period Tc to a value of the voltage vector V(n+1) in the rotary coordinate system. The control device sets, as the value of the voltage vector V(n+1) in the rotary coordinate system, the voltage vector V(n+1) when the half-time of the control-period Tc is elapsed from the time at the electric angle θ(n+1).08-11-2011
20100072925ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE CONTROL SYSTEM - A control unit for a rotary electric machine control system includes a first current command module, a second current command module and a change module. The first current command module controls the rotary electric machine based on a maximum efficiency characteristic line. The second current command module controls the rotary electric machine based on an early switching characteristic line, which is set at a retard angle side relative to the maximum efficiency characteristic line with a predetermined phase difference. When a control mode is switched over to a rectangular wave voltage phase control mode from an overmodulation current control mode in accordance with an increase in torque, the change module changes the current command from the first current command module to the second command current module.03-25-2010
20100045218Motor Control Device - To estimate an initial magnetic pole position in a short time, estimated axes for control that correspond to the d-axis and the q-axis are set as the γ-axis and the d-axis, and a high frequency rotation voltage or alternating voltage on the γδ coordinate system is applied to the motor. A high frequency current i02-25-2010
20100045217Motor control apparatus and electric power steering apparatus - An angle calculation portion of a motor control apparatus determines an angle θ of a rotor, and an angular velocity calculation portion determines an angular velocity ωe of the rotor. A command current calculation portion determines command currents id* and iq* on dq axes, based on a steering torque T and a vehicle speed S. An open-loop control portion determines command voltages vd and vq on the dq axes based on the command currents id* and iq* and the angular velocity ωe, according to circuit equations of a motor. A dq-axis/three-phase conversion portion converts the command voltages vd and vq to command voltages of three phases. A three-phase voltage correction portion corrects the command voltage so that an actual time average value of a voltage applied to each phase is equal to a time average value of a voltage that is to be applied to the phase if the voltage is not decreased, in order to compensate for a decrease in the applied voltage. By performing the correction, it is possible to eliminate or suppress a decrease in control accuracy due to a wiring resistance and the like.02-25-2010
20130043811FIELD ORIENTED CONTROL OF A MOTOR WITH A SINGLE SHUNT - A method for driving a motor is provided. Pulse width modulation (PWM) signals are generated from a voltage signal and a commanded angle signal, which drives a motor with multiple phases. A motor current from a motor is measured with a single shunt and converted into a digital signal. Based on the digital signal and the commanded angle signal, direct-axis and quadrant-axis currents for the motor can be determined, and the voltage signal and the commanded angle signal can be adjusted based at least in part on the direct-axis and quadrant-axis currents.02-21-2013
20130033206METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR ADJUSTING MODULATION INDEX TO IMPROVE LINEARITY OF PHASE VOLTAGE COMMANDS - Embodiments of the present invention relate to methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of a multi-phase machine in a motor drive system. The disclosed embodiments provide a mechanism for adjusting modulation index of voltage commands to improve linearity of the voltage commands.02-07-2013
20130038256ROTARY MACHINE CONTROL APPARATUS - A current sensor detects a bus current flowing to an inverter. An estimation section uses actual currents id and id outputted from a d-q conversion section as initial values, estimates currents flowing in a motor/generator and calculates estimated currents ide and iqe. A UVW conversion section converts the estimated current ide and iqe to three phase currents. A selection section inputs, as currents flowing in each phase of the motor/generator, three out of outputs of the UVW conversion section and the bus current. The bus current is used as the current of one phase, if a voltage vector representing an operation state of the inverter is an effective voltage vector.02-14-2013
20100109583INVERTER CONTROL DEVICE AND AC MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE USING THIS INVERTER CONTROL DEVICE - There is provided a current tracking PWM control circuit that directly generates PWM signals such that inverter output currents id, iq track PWM current references id**, iq**, using the results of comparison of the inverter output currents id, iq and PWM current references id**, iq**, in which, if current references id*, iq* exist, the result of adding the original current reference iq* and a correction signal iqC*, obtained by amplifying the deviation (iq*-iq) of the current reference iq* and iq, is used as the PWM current reference iq** on the q axis side for performing current control, but, in respect of the d axis side, the original current reference id* is used directly as the PWM current reference id** for performing current control.05-06-2010
20100109584POSITION-SENSORLESS CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATION FOR A SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - This invention provides an advanced position and velocity estimation scheme used in a position-sensorless control system for synchronous operation of an electric motor. The system includes an electric motor having a stator and a rotor; an inverter for powering the electric motor; and a controller for controlling the inverter. The controller utilizes a control system comprising a rotor angle and angular velocity estimation block; an estimated angle error detector block; a field-weakening block; and a torque-to-current converter block, all of which operate to generate control commands for operation of the motor.05-06-2010
20130033205Power Conversion Device - A control circuit of a power conversion device calculates voltage command signals for determining timings for making switching elements of a power switching circuit continuous by performing feed forward control on the basis of input information, and feedback control on the basis of the input information and current values of AC output, for each of the d axis and the q axis of a motor.02-07-2013
20100066284DRIVE SYSTEM OF SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - A position sensorless drive method capable of driving a permanent magnet motor by an ideal sine-wave current and enabling the driving from an extremely low-speed range in the vicinity of zero-speed is provided. A neutral-point potential of the permanent magnet motor is detected in synchronization with a PWM waveform of an inverter. The position of a rotor of the permanent magnet motor is estimated from the variation of the neutral-point potential. Since the neutral-point potential is varied in accordance with the magnetic circuit characteristics of an individual permanent magnet motor, the position can be detected regardless of the presence of saliency of the permanent magnet motor.03-18-2010
20100066283VECTOR CONTROLLER FOR PERMANENT-MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS ELECTRIC MOTOR - A method of controlling a current command by comparing voltage with a set value needs to vary the set value depending on voltage fluctuation, which involves taking a complicated control. A vector controller for a permanent-magnet synchronous electric motor, according to the present invention, can realize with a simplified configuration a field-weakening operation in a one-pulse mode in a high speed range by providing a current command compensator that corrects a current command by a corrected current command calculated based on a modulation index.03-18-2010
20130069568System and Method for Controlling a Permanent Magnet Motor - A system. The system includes a processor, a first module, a second module and a third module. The first module is communicably connected to the processor and is configured for calculating a q-axis voltage component and a d-axis voltage component. The second module is communicably connected to the processor and is configured for determining a voltage angle relative to the q-axis. The third module is communicably connected to the processor and is configured for (1) comparing the determined voltage angle to a predetermined value, (2) outputting the determined voltage angle if the determined voltage angle is less than the predetermined value, and (3) outputting the predetermined value if the predetermined value is less than the determined voltage angle.03-21-2013
20130088179SYNCHRONOUS MACHINE CONTROL APPARATUS - A control command generator that generates an armature interlinkage flux command and a torque current command by a torque command, a rotation speed, and an operation target command, includes a first flux command generator generating a first flux command by the toque command or the torque current command, a second flux generator generating a second flux command by the torque command or the torque current command and the rotation speed of the synchronous machine, a command allocation setting unit setting an allocation coefficient equivalent to an allocation ratio of the two first and second flux commands by the operation target command, a flux command adjuster outputting an armature interlinkage flux command by the two flux commands and the allocation coefficient, and a torque current command generator generating the torque current command by the torque command and the armature interlinkage flux command.04-11-2013
20090295316GEARLESS WHEEL MOTOR DRIVE SYSTEM - Methods and apparatus are provided for an electric vehicle embodying an axial flux traction motor directly coupled to a wheel thereof. The traction motor comprises a stator having coils for producing a magnetic field, an annular rotor magnetically coupled to the stator and mechanically to an output shaft. Permanent magnets of alternating polarity are mounted on the annular rotor. Magnetic shunts bridge a portion of the stator slots above the coils. The magnets are arranged in groups with group-to-group spacing exceeding magnet-to-magnet spacing. Adjacent edges of the magnets diverge. The method comprises, looking up d- and q-axis currents to provide the requested torque and motor speed for the available DC voltage, combining at least one of the d- and q-axis currents with a field weakening correction term, converting the result from synchronous to stationary frame and operating an inverter therewith to provide current to the coils of the motor.12-03-2009
20120217910MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL PROGRAM THEREFOR, AND METHOD FOR THE CONTROL - A motor control device determines a rotation angle and an angular speed of a motor, and has: a correcting unit including N number (N is an positive integer equal to or more than 2) of bit-shift circuits, which divide the angular speed by powers of 2 by bit shift, and a circuit, which subtracts output values of the second to Nth bit-shift circuits from an output value of the first bit-shift circuit to determine a correction amount for the rotation angle and correct the rotation angle by the correction amount; so as to determine two-phase direct voltages to obtain a target torque from the three-phase alternate currents passing through the motor according to the angular speed, and convert the two-phase direct voltages into the three-phase alternate voltages according to the sine, cosine of the corrected rotation angle.08-30-2012
20120217909Synchronization of Position and Current Measurements in an Electric Motor Control Application using an FPGA - A system and method for controlling an alternating current (AC) motor using a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) to read the current and position measurements in an the AC motor, perform digital filtering of the position and current data, provide very precise synchronization of the measured phase current and position data, and output the data to a phase converter for control of the AC motor.08-30-2012
20120217908METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRIC MOTOR AT OR NEAR STALL CONDITIONS - A data processor determines whether a composite torque command is larger than a preset torque threshold for a time interval. The composite torque command is convertible into a direct-axis current command and a quadrature-axis current command. The data processor determines whether a rotor speed of the motor is less than a preset speed threshold for the time interval. The data processor, the current adjustment module, or the current shaping module adjusts the direct-axis current command and the quadrature-axis current command to obtain a revised direct-axis current command and revised quadrature-axis current command for the time interval if the composite torque command is larger than the preset torque threshold and if the rotor speed is less than the preset speed threshold, where the revised current commands vary by the detected rotational position of the rotor to achieve a generally constant shaft torque output.08-30-2012
20130057184METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRIVING ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTOR - A method of driving an alternating-current (AC) motor while periodically obtaining a rotator angle of the AC motor. The method includes: (a) driving the AC motor by a d03-07-2013
20090284195GAIN ADJUSTMENT TO IMPROVE TORQUE LINEARITY OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE DURING OPERATION IN A FIELD WEAKENING REGION - Systems and methods are disclosed to improve torque linearity of an electric machine when operating in a field-weakening region. The systems and methods adjust the q-axis and the d-axis components of the stator current commands of the electric machine using a flux weakening control loop and a torque linearity control loop such that torque linearity is maintained when the machine operates in a field weakening region of operation.11-19-2009
20110012544METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR SENSORLESS ROTOR ANGULAR POSITION ESTIMATION IMPLEMENTING REDUCED SWITCHING LOSS PULSE WIDTH MODULATED (PWM) WAVEFORMS - Methods, system and apparatus are provided for low speed sensorless rotor angular position estimation that implements reduced switching loss PWM waveforms.01-20-2011
20130063056CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A ROTARY MACHIINE - An estimation section estimates a time period required for a norm of a difference vector between a current flowing to a motor/generator and a command current to attain a threshold level r in each switching mode provisionally set by a mode setting section. A mode determination section determines the switching mode of the longest required time period to be a final switching mode. A drive section controls an inverter to operate in the switching mode determined by the mode switching section.03-14-2013
20130063057CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A ROTARY MACHINE - An estimation section calculates estimated currents corresponding to switching modes, which are provisionally set by a mode setting section. A mode determination section determines one of modes, which has a smallest difference between the estimated currents and command currents, to be a final switching mode. A drive section drives an inverter in the switching mode determined by the determination section. The estimation section uses transient-state inductances as coefficients of time differentiation of currents in voltage equations used for estimation of the estimated currents. These are different from steady-state inductances, which are coefficients of multiplication of currents and electric angular velocity.03-14-2013
20090237015Motor Control Device - To prevent a step-out of a permanent magnet synchronous type motor (09-24-2009
20090237013Control Apparatus and Method for Motor Drive System - In the rectangular-wave voltage control mode, torque feedback control, in which the voltage phase of the rectangular-wave voltage is adjusted based on the deviation of the torque estimated value from the torque command value, is performed. A torque estimation portion calculates the torque estimated value using the motor currents calculated based on the values detected by a current sensor and a rotational position sensor, as in the case of the PWM control mode. Namely, the same state quantity (quantity detected by the sensors) of the alternating-current motor is used in the motor control in both the rectangular-wave voltage control mode and the PWM control mode.09-24-2009
20090237014SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR CONTROL - A synchronous motor control device, includes a coordinate transformation portion for coordinate transforming motor currents applied to respective three phases of a synchronous motor into a d-axis, corresponding to a direction of a magnetic field generated by a permanent magnet arranged at a rotor of the synchronous motor, and a q-axis orthogonal to the d-axis, a current command calculation portion for calculating a d-axis current command and a q-axis current command from a target torque, a voltage command calculation portion for calculating a d-axis voltage command and a q-axis voltage command, an inverse coordinate transformation portion for inversely coordinate transforming the d-axis voltage command and the q-axis voltage command into three-phase voltage commands, and a torque ripple estimating portion for estimating a torque ripple and feed-forwarding the estimation results to the current command calculation portion or the voltage command calculation portion.09-24-2009
20130214712AC MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - A reference current phase sensing part of a sensor phase (W) calculates an α-axis current iα and a β-axis current iβ in a fixed coordinate system formed with respect to a sensor phase as a base. The α-axis current iα is calculated based on a sensed current iw.sns of the sensor phase and a β-axis current iβ is calculated based on command currents iu* and iv* of the other two phases (U, V) determined from a d-axis command current id* and a q-axis command current iq*. Then a current phase xθ=tan08-22-2013
20090278482SERVOMOTOR CURRENT CONTROL METHOD, CURRENT CONTROL PROGRAM, RECORDING MEDIUM, SERVOMOTOR, AND INJECTION MOLDING MACHINE - A method of controlling a current by supplying a d-axis current in order to prevent a voltage saturation includes: defining an amount of the d-axis current as Id=|Idmax|·sin θ; continuously comparing a voltage command value with the voltage command value threshold Vo in a predetermined cycle; extracting a predetermined number No of latest: comparison results in terms of time; setting a phase angle θ to be 0° when a number N of the comparison results out of the predetermined number No of the comparison results is equal to or less than an integer Nb; and increasing the phase angle θ depending on largeness of the number N when the number N is more than the integer Nb.11-12-2009
20120235609MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE - A motor control device includes a current profile generator generating a current profile, a pilot voltage operator calculating a pilot pulse voltage, on the basis of the current profile, and adding the pilot pulse voltage to a voltage command on a d axis, a magnetic pole position detector detecting a position of a magnetic pole in the permanent magnet motor, on the basis of the pilot pulse voltage, a polarity identification evaluation current operator calculating a polarity identification evaluation current for identifying a polarity of the magnetic pole in the permanent magnet motor, on the basis of a current value on the d axis in the motor current that has been detected in synchronization with a period of PWM control, and a polarity detector outputting a phase correction amount, on the basis of a deviation between the polarity identification evaluation current and the current profile.09-20-2012
20110279071CONTROL DEVICE FOR AC MOTOR - An overmodulation PWM control unit includes a voltage amplitude calculating unit for calculating a voltage command amplitude of an original voltage command based on current feedback control, a voltage amplitude correcting unit performing linear compensation on the voltage command amplitude so that a fundamental amplitude of a pulse width modulation voltage provided from an inverter may match the original voltage command amplitude, and a harmonic determining unit for determining presence or absence of superimposition of a three-order harmonic component on a phase voltage command. The harmonic determining unit performs switching between presence and absence of the three-order harmonic component based on transition of the original voltage command amplitude to avoid passing through a change point where discontinuity occurs in the voltage amplitude characteristics representing a relationship between a fundamental amplitude obtained in advance for each of the cases of presence and absence of the superimposition of the three-order harmonic component and the voltage command amplitude required for achieving the fundamental amplitude.11-17-2011
20120139461POWER CONVERSION DEVICE FOR A ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE - A power conversion device includes an inverter unit and a control unit. The inverter unit includes high SWs and low SWs for each phase of coils of a motor. The control unit, in a case that the on-time of the high SWs and the low SWs is shorter than a predetermined time determined based on a dead time, changes an output voltage average value such that the on-time of the high SWs or the on-time of the low SWs becomes longer than the predetermined time. The voltage use rate can be improved without disposing a special circuit, and distortion of inter-line voltages or distortion of currents can be suppressed.06-07-2012
20090267547MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE AND MAGNETIC POLE POSITION ESTIMATION PRECISION CONFIRMING METHOD - A motor control device includes a dq-axis current control unit for generating a dq-axis voltage reference based on a dq-axis current reference and a dq-axis current signal, an initial magnetic pole position estimation unit for estimating a magnetic pole position of the motor upon power-on to generate a magnetic pole position signal, and a magnetic pole position estimation precision confirming unit for supplying a current in a d-axis direction after generation of the magnetic pole position signal with the initial magnetic pole position estimation unit, and checking an error of the magnetic pole position signal based on an angle of movement of the motor.10-29-2009
20130214709AC MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - A motor control circuit calculates an α-axis current iα and a β-axis current iβ in a fixed coordinate system based on a W-phase (sensor phase) of an AC motor. The control circuit calculates the α-axis current iα from a current iw.sns sensed in the W-phase, and the β-axis current iβ from a differentiated value Δiα determined from the variation quantity of the α-axis current based on that the α-axis current iα and the β-axis current iβ are in a relation of a sine wave and a cosine wave. Subsequently, the control circuit calculates a current phase xθ=tan08-22-2013
20130214713CONTROLLER FOR AC MOTOR - A controller for a three-phase AC motor includes a current sensor and a current estimation section. The current sensor detects current flowing through one phase of the motor. The one phase is defined as a sensor phase. The current estimation section calculates a current phase relative to an axis of the sensor phase based on α-axis current and β-axis current in a stationary coordinate system defined by a α-axis parallel to the sensor phase axis and a β-phase perpendicular to the sensor phase axis. The current estimation section estimates current flowing through another phase of the motor based on the current phase and the detected current. The current estimation section calculates the α-axis current based on the detected current. The current estimation section calculates the β-axis current based on the detected current and a command value for the current flowing through the other phase of the motor.08-22-2013
20130214710AC MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - A motor control circuit calculates an α-axis current iα and a β-axis current iβ in a fixed coordinate system based on a W-phase (sensor phase) of an AC motor. The control circuit calculates, at each switching time point and each intermediate time point, the α-axis current iα from a current iw.sns sensed in the W-phase, and the β-axis current iβ from a differentiated value Δiα determined from the variation quantity of the α-axis current between every two successive switching time points or intermediate time points. Subsequently, the control circuit calculates a current phase xθ=tan08-22-2013
20100259204CONTROL DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC ROTATING MACHINE - A control device has a unit for selecting each of controlled voltages outputted from an inverter to a generator, a unit for judging a polarity of a current flowing through the generator, a unit for predicting a current of the generator from each selected voltage to be outputted from the inverter in the succeeding period, while performing the prediction based on the current polarity each time the selected voltage differs from the voltage already outputted from the inverter in the present period, a unit for determining one voltage corresponding to one predicted current nearest to an instructed current among the predicted currents, and a unit for controlling the generator by controlling the inverter to change the voltage already outputted from the inverter to the determined voltage and to apply the determined voltage to the generator in the succeeding period.10-14-2010
20090140674CONTROL APPARATUS FOR AC MOTOR - It is attained by being provided with a motor constant calculation unit for calculating electric constants of a motor, and by correcting setting values of electric constants defined on one of the axes of two orthogonal axes, by a functional expression using a state variable defined on the same axis, and by correcting them by a functional expression using a state variable defined on the other axis.06-04-2009
20090146592POSITION SENSORLESS CONTROLLER FOR PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR - In a calculation for estimating axis error in a permanent magnet motor, a d-axis commanded voltage value is added to the product of three signals, which are a q-axis detected current value or commanded current value, an inductance value, and an estimated speed value, and then the resulting value is divided by the product of a commanded speed value ω06-11-2009
20090146589Motor Control Device and Vehicle Including the Same - A current instruction generation unit generates a d-axis current instruction and a q-axis current instruction based on a torque instruction for an AC motor, using a map in which a current instruction capable of lowering noise (vibration and sound noise) (low-noise current instruction) generated from the AC motor is determined in advance for each torque of the AC motor. Then, a signal for driving an inverter is generated based on the generated d-axis current instruction and the q-axis current instruction.06-11-2009
20110062903MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT PROVIDED WITH THE SAME - A motor control device controlling an inverter to control an electric motor, includes a plurality of function sections, a voltage command generating section generating a d-axis voltage command and a q-axis voltage command, a voltage operational processing section, an input current operation section, a speed information generating section estimating a rotational speed of the motor based on at least one of a motor constant, a positional information generating section delivering positional information about a rotor, a processor executing control software set by a user, a manufacturer or the like. At least a part of the function sections are configured by hardware. The function section configured by the hardware is given at least one parameter retaining section. The parameter retaining section is configured so as to be readable/writable on the processor. The function section is configured by the hardware so as to be operated in a predetermined sequence.03-17-2011
20090206780Method and Device for Operating a Synchronous Machine - According to the invention, estimated values (i08-20-2009
20080309265Motor Control Device - In a motor control device according to the invention, upon velocity control of a motor, a superimposed signal generating unit 12-18-2008
20110169434APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF INVERTER SYSTEM - An apparatus for controlling operation of inverter system configured to drive a motor by using an inverter, and to normally operate the motor in a resonance-generated frequency band if the resonance occurs, and a method thereof are disclosed, wherein the method includes detecting a current outputted by an inverter system to a motor, if an operation frequency of the motor is in a resonance frequency band, converting the detected current to a d axis current and a q axis current, calculating a difference between the converted d axis current and pre-sampled d axis current (magnetic flux portion), multiplying the calculated difference by a preset comparative control gain to calculate a comparative control voltage, and adding the calculated comparative control voltage to a torque portion voltage responsive to an operation frequency of the motor to generate a driving voltage of the motor.07-14-2011
20090267546MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE, MOTOR DRIVE SYSTEM, WASHING MACHINE, AIR CONDITIONER AND METHOD OF CHANGING MAGNETIZATION AMOUNT OF PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR - A motor control device includes a magnetization control unit energizing a motor winding to change magnetic flux content of permanent magnet motor, a current detector detecting current supplied to the motor, a vector control unit including a speed/position estimation unit carrying out an operation to estimate a motor rotational speed and rotational position, the vector control unit carrying out a vector control of the motor, an induced voltage detector detecting an induced voltage of the motor based on the rotational speed, motor currents obtained by the vector control unit, output voltages of the drive unit, a winding inductance or the motor constant and a winding resistance, an induced voltage command determining unit determining an induced voltage command based on the motor rotational speed and output torque, and a magnetization current determining unit determining an amount of energization based on the induced voltage of the motor and the induced voltage command.10-29-2009
20090009111Polyphase Rotating Machine Equipped with an Improved Control Device - A machine comprising a rotor, a stator (01-08-2009
20080309266Device for Controlling a Rotating Electrical Machine - A device for determining the position of the rotor of a rotating electrical machine. The invention is characterized in that the device comprises a plurality of magnetic field sensors stationary relative to the stator and adapted to deliver multiphase electric signals representing a magnetic field detected by the sensors, and means for processing the multiphase electric signals by an operator capable of providing diphase signals depending on the position of the rotor. The invention is applicable to rotating electrical machines used in the automotive industry.12-18-2008
20080290826Motor Controller - A motor controller stores values corresponding to predetermined equivalent resistance which corresponds to power loss generated by switching on and off switching elements. Voltage command values are determined by adding voltage drop values determined from values corresponding to the equivalent resistance and values of current flowing in the switching elements to target applied voltage values corresponding to current command values which correspond to target output of a motor. The switching elements arranged in a power supply line to the motor are switched on and off by control signals generated according to the voltage command values.11-27-2008
20090315492MOTOR CONTROL UNIT AND AIR CONDITIONER HAVING THE SAME - A motor control unit or a semiconductor integrated circuit device for an air conditioner is provided. The motor control unit includes a current detector that detects a coil wound current of the permanent magnet motor; a coordinate transformer that transforms the coil wound current detected by the current detector into a d-axis current indicating a magnet flux component and a q-axis current indicating a torque component perpendicular to the magnet flux component; a position estimator that estimates a rotational position of the rotor based on an induced voltage of the permanent magnet motor; a current controller that calculates a command d-axis voltage based on a command d-axis current and the d-axis current detected by the current detector, and that calculates a command q-axis voltage based on a command q-axis current and the q-axis current detected by the current detector; an electrifier controller that electrifies the coil wound based on the command d-axis voltage and the command q-axis voltage; and a start-up controller that detects an oscillation of the rotor during a start-up operation and, if a velocity direction of the oscillation corresponds with a rotational direction of a forcible commutation, the start-up controller starts the forcible commutation so as to start an acceleration of the rotor by following an acceleration pattern.12-24-2009
20100264859CONTROL APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD FOR AC MOTOR - A control apparatus for an AC motor controls an inverter in a pulse width modulation scheme to feed a coil current to a stator coil of a stator. A pattern switching mechanism switches a control pattern to a first pattern or to a second pattern; a first pattern calculating mechanism calculates a control signal using a first pattern parameter; a second pattern calculating mechanism calculates a control signal using a second pattern parameter; an offset calculating mechanism calculates a difference between a control signal of an old pattern and a control signal of a new pattern, and reflects the offset amount on the control signals; and a control output mechanism calculates a final control output signal on the basis of the control signals, and transmits the final control output signal to the inverter.10-21-2010
20100264861METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF THE FLUX VECTOR OF A MOTOR - The invention relates to a method for determining the position of a rotor flux vector of an electric motor (M), comprising a step of injecting a first current vector into a first reference frame (x10-21-2010
20100264860MOTOR AND APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE MOTOR - A motor, and a method and apparatus for controlling the motor for a washer are provided. The motor includes a stator on which a plurality of coils are wound and disposed in a circular shape, a rotor having a plurality of permanent magnets spaced apart from the coils by a predetermined distance, and a motor controller performing a vector control method for controlling a current vector applied on a d-q axis rotating coordinate system in a start mode of the rotor to make a current speed of the rotor follow a reference speed of the rotor by comparing the current speed with the reference speed. The motor controller includes a speed/position detector for detecting the current speed and a current position of the rotor using an on/off signal of a hall sensor installed on the stator.10-21-2010
20090146591Motor controller of air conditioner - The present invention relates to a motor controller of an air conditioner, including an inverter including a plurality of switching elements and adapted to convert a DC voltage, input through switching operations of the switching elements, into an AC voltage and supply the converted voltage to a motor, a power calculation unit that calculates electric power applied to the motor, an angle calculation unit that calculates an optimal phase angle of a current command value based on the calculated electric power; and a microcomputer that outputs a switching control signal to control the switching elements of the inverter based on the optimal phase angle.06-11-2009
20080265815HARMONIC PROCESSOR - A harmonic processor receiving an input signal and providing an output signal, the input signal comprising a first analog signal having amplitude, frequency and phase components and being converted to an instantaneous magnitude output signal, or the input signal comprising an instantaneous magnitude signal for inverse conversion to an output analog signal having amplitude, frequency and phase components, comprising a first component comprising a resistive plane, the first component having a first zone and a second zone, the first zone comprising a first set of first electrodes contacting the resistive plane at first defined locations and the second zone comprising a second set of electrodes contacting the resistive plane at second defined locations; the first electrodes comprising a first subset of first electrodes permanently connected to external terminals; and a second subset of first electrodes for connection to external terminals during controlled time periods; the second electrodes comprising a first subset of second electrodes permanently connected to external terminals and a second subset of second electrodes connected to external terminals during controlled time periods; wherein one of the first set of electrodes and second set of electrodes comprises signal injection electrodes and the other of the first set of electrodes and second set of electrodes comprises sensor electrodes; the signal injection electrodes being provided to allow a pattern of bias to be applied to the resistive plane and injecting currents or forcing potential at either the first or second defined locations; the sensor electrodes being provided for sensing a potential on a surface of the resistive plane at the other of the first or second defined locations.10-30-2008
20090160377CONTROL SYSTEM FOR MULTIPHASE ROTARY MACHINES - A control system is designed to use a plurality of voltage vectors expressing a switching mode for a switching circuit to thereby control a difference between a current actually flowing through a multiphase rotary machine and a command current value therefor within an allowable range. The plurality of voltage vectors include a zero vector that allows line-to-line voltages in the multiphase rotary machine to be all zero, and a plurality of non-zero vectors that allow at least one of line-to-line voltage in the multiphase rotary machine to be nonzero. A drive unit is configured to switch only one phase of the switching element for each shift of the switching mode to thereby shift, in accordance with a preset switching pattern, the switching mode from a specified one of the plurality of non-zero vectors to the specified one of the plurality of non-zero vectors via the zero vector.06-25-2009
20090160376CONTROL SYSTEM FOR MULTIPHASE ROTARY MACHINES - In a control system designed to use a plurality of voltage vectors expressing a switching mode for a switching circuit to thereby control a difference between a current actually flowing through a multiphase rotary machine and a command current value therefor within an allowable range, a calculating unit calculates a direction of change in the difference during the switching mode for the switching circuit being set to a zero vector. A zero-vector setting unit sets the switching mode for the switching circuit to the zero vector when a preset positional condition between the difference and the direction of change in the difference is met in a space.06-25-2009
20120139459SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING MOTOR OF HYBRID VEHICLE - A system for controlling a motor of a hybrid vehicle that secures robustness and stability of control by selecting an optimal approximation model according to a driving condition of the motor and determines current order for controlling the motor by using the selected optimal approximation model is disclosed. In particular, a current order generator utilizes a reference current determination module to determine reference currents of the first and second axes, a compensation value determination module to determine compensation values of the reference currents of the first and second axes, and a current determination module to determine the currents of the first and second axes from the reference currents of the first and second axes and the compensation values of the reference currents of the first and second axes in order to control the motor more efficiently.06-07-2012
20120068640FLUX OFFSET COMPENSATION FOR A ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE - A method is provided for compensating the flux drift caused by measurement and/or calculation errors when controlling a rotating electrical machine. The flux drift of the estimated flux vector may be compensated for by comparing the length of the flux vector with a reference flux magnitude which already has been determined for controlling the inverter. Depending on the comparison, the length of the estimated flux vector may be lengthened or shortened.03-22-2012
20120068639ELECTRIC MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE - An electric motor control device includes a control section adapted to control supply of a drive current to an electric motor, and a rotational speed detection section adapted to detect a rotational speed of the electric motor, the drive current includes a d-axis current and a q-axis current, and the control section calculates a q-axis current command value based on a torque command value to the electric motor, calculates a d-axis current command value using a difference between the rotational speed of the electric motor and a previously determined base rotational speed of the electric motor, and the q-axis current command value, and performs vector control on the electric motor using the d-axis current command value and the q-axis current command value.03-22-2012
20090251082CONTROLLER FOR AC ROTARY MACHINE - A controller for an AC rotary machine is proposed, by which a stable rotation angular-frequency estimate value can be obtained even in an extremely low speed region of the AC rotary machine, and consequently stable control can be performed. A controller for an AC rotary machine has an angular-frequency estimate output means 10-08-2009
20090021194CONTROL DEVICE - Parameters “n”, “ad”, “pd”, “aq”, “pq” and the like of a motor parameter setting unit 01-22-2009
20110221366METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR SYNCHRONOUS CURRENT REGULATION OF A FIVE-PHASE MACHINE - Methods, systems and apparatus are provided for controlling operation of and regulating current provided to a five-phase machine when one or more phases has experienced a fault or has failed. In one implementation, the disclosed embodiments can be used to synchronously regulate current in a vector controlled motor drive system that includes a five-phase AC machine, a five-phase inverter module coupled to the five-phase AC machine, and a synchronous current regulator.09-15-2011
20110221365METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR OPTIMIZATION OF THIRD HARMONIC CURRENT INJECTION IN A MULTI-PHASE MACHINE - Methods, system and apparatus are provided for increasing voltage utilization in a five-phase vector controlled machine drive system that employs third harmonic current injection to increase torque and power output by a five-phase machine. To do so, a fundamental current angle of a fundamental current vector is optimized for each particular torque-speed of operating point of the five-phase machine.09-15-2011
20090015182MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE - A motor control device for controlling a d-axis current and a q-axis current on dq coordinates to control a motor, includes a q-axis current command value setting unit which sets a q-axis current command value, an upper limit/lower limit setting unit which sets an upper limit and a lower limit of the q-axis current, a comparing unit which compares the q-axis current command value set by the q-axis current command value setting unit and the upper limit and the lower limit set by the upper limit/lower limit setting unit, a q-axis current command value limiting unit which puts a limit on the q-axis current command value in accordance with a comparison result by the comparing unit, and a d-axis current command value setting unit which sets a d-axis current command value on the basis of the q-axis current command value limited by the q-axis current command value limiting unit.01-15-2009
20090230900CURRENT REGULATOR AND CURRENT CONTROL METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AC MOTORS - Methods and systems are provided for controlling an AC motor via an inverter. The method includes determining a delay-compensated offset based on a synchronous frame current, producing a current error based on a synchronous frame current and a commanded current, producing a voltage error based on an anti-windup offset and the current error, producing a commanded voltage based on the delay-compensated offset and the voltage error, and providing the inverter with the commanded voltage.09-17-2009
20090256503MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING SYSTEM - If the magnitude of a command voltage vector is greater than a predetermined voltage value indicated by a voltage limit circle, the magnitude of a voltage vector, which corresponds to a q-axis current and which forms the command voltage vector, is adjusted so that the magnitude of the command voltage vector is equal to or less than the predetermined voltage value. Then a q-axis current estimated value is obtained based on i) the ratio of the magnitude of the voltage vector from the q-axis current after adjustment to the magnitude of the voltage vector from the q-axis current before adjustment, and ii) a q-axis current command value.10-15-2009
20100148707SPEED CONTROLLER OF MAGNETIC MOTOR - The invention relates to a speed control method of a magnetic motor and is capable of providing a speed controller of the magnetic motor realizing highly stable, highly efficient and highly responsive control characteristics even around critical torque of the motor. When an excessive torque command value (or a q-axis commanded current value) greater than a torque maximum value (or a q-axis current) that can be outputted by the motor is required, an input of speed control is limited so that the q-axis commanded current value does not increase up to a limit value.06-17-2010
20120194108MOTOR SYSTEM - A motor system comprises a motor (08-02-2012
20100156330APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING PERMANENT-MAGNET ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE - It is an apparatus for controlling a permanent magnet rotary electric machine. After the apparatus controls a current control portion in a state, in which a rotor of the permanent magnet rotary electric machine rotates at a constant speed, to supply a predetermined current to an armature, the apparatus performs a dq vector control process by determining a predetermined temporarily set value as a magnetic pole position correction quantity while a d-axis current command value and a q-axis current command value in the dq vector control process performed on a dq coordinate system that has a d-axis extending in the direction of a magnetic field of the permanent magnet of the rotor and a q-axis extending in a direction perpendicular to the d-axis. Then, the apparatus obtains the magnetic pole position correction quantity based on a predetermined operation expression using the d-axis voltage command value and the q-axis voltage command value which are obtained when the dq vector control process is performed.06-24-2010
20100225257DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A POLYPHASE ROTATING MACHINE - A device for controlling a polyphase rotating machine comprising a stator, a rotor, and sensors, the device being capable of receiving at least one first sensing signal (V, W, U) representing a position of the rotor relative to the stator and outputted from a first sensor (09-09-2010
20130214711AC MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - A motor control circuit calculates, based on a sensed current of a sensor phase sensed by a current sensor, an estimated current of the other phase and calculates a d-axis and a q-axis estimated currents based on the sensed current of the sensor phase and the estimated current of the other phase. The motor control circuit further calculates a d-axis and a q-axis command voltages based on the estimated currents thereby to control power supply to the AC motor. When the sensed current of the sensor phase is 0 [A], the command voltages are fixed and the estimated current is interpolated. Thus, variations of the command voltages caused by an error in the estimated current are reduced and a rapid change in the estimated current is reduced.08-22-2013
20090058334Current Detector Unit And Motor Control Device - A current detector unit has a current detecting portion detecting a current flowing between a three-phase inverter and a direct-current power supply as a detection current; a three-phase current detecting portion for detecting a three-phase current of the inverter based on the detection current; and a judging portion judging, based on the detection current, whether or not a target time point belongs to a period during which the three-phase current can be detected. If the judging portion judges that the target time point belongs to the period, the three-phase current detecting portion detects the three-phase current.03-05-2009
20100277112Motor, Apparatus for Controlling Motor, and Method for Starting Motor - When it is determined that a rotor is initially in a stationary state, a current vector is applied to a coil by a vector control method so as to rotate the rotor in a forward direction from a present position of the rotor regardless of a predetermined start position of the rotor. Therefore, a motor can be stably started with less power consumption and noise/vibration.11-04-2010
20120139460APPARATUS FOR CARRYING OUT IMPROVED CONTROL OF ROTARY MACHINE - In a system for controlling a rotary machine, a circuit outputs an AC voltage to be applied to a rotary machine. A storage stores therein measurement-error information indicative of a measurement error of the measuring unit. A torque-feedback adjuster manipulates a phase of the output voltage of the circuit based on the rotational angle of the rotary machine measured by a measuring unit and the measurement-error information to adjust a torque of the rotary machine to a request torque. The phase is obtained from information fed back from the rotary machine. An abnormality determiner determines whether there is an abnormality to disable using accurate measurement-error information. A limiter limits adjustment of the torque of the rotary machine to the request torque by the torque-feedback adjuster when it is determined that there is an abnormality to disable using accurate measurement-error information.06-07-2012
20120187877MOTOR AND DRIVE SYSTEM PROVIDED THEREWITH - A three-phase AC motor (07-26-2012
20100253252MOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM FOR ACHIEVING PEAK TORQUE - In a motor controller, a modified interpolation technique uses an extrapolated torque command for the upper table to improve torque linearity under certain conditions. When the torque command input is greater than the max torque limit of a first look-up table, but less than the maximum torque limit of a second, adjacent look-up table, the desired current command is computed by interpolating between the maximum torque limit of the first table and a revised torque value for the second look-up table, wherein the revised torque value is determined by extrapolating from the maximum torque limit of the first look-up table through a torque value based on the torque command input.10-07-2010
20090039808Motor Control Device And Compressor - A motor control device performing vector control for a motor that drives a load whose load torque varies periodically. The motor control device has: a motor speed deriving portion estimating or detecting a motor speed; a speed controller producing a specified torque current value such that the motor speed is made to follow a specified motor speed value fed from outside; a resonance filter producing a corrected torque current value by receiving a control value that varies with variations in the load torque and emphasizing a periodic variation component of the control value; a torque current corrector producing a specified superimposed torque current value by superimposing the corrected torque current value on the specified torque current value; and an adjusting portion adjusting, based on the specified superimposed torque current value, the phase of the corrected torque value by controlling the resonance filter. The vector control is performed according to the specified superimposed torque current value.02-12-2009
20090146590CONTROLLER OF MULTI-PHASE ELECTRIC MOTOR - A controller of a multi-phase electric motor includes a drive section for driving the multi-phase electric motor; a single current detection section for detecting a current value of the multi-phase electric motor, a PWM signal generation section for generating plural PWM signals of each phase within one control period based on the current value detected by the current detection section and a carrier signal; and a phase movement section for moving a phase by a predetermined amount such that frequency in change of the PWM signal of the predetermined phase generated by the PWM signal generation section is included in a non-audible range, and outputting the PWM signal which phase is moved to the drive section; wherein the phase movement section moves the phase by a predetermined amount for all the PWM signals of the predetermined phase within one control period.06-11-2009
20110031909MOTOR DRIVE APPARATUS AND MOTOR DRIVE METHOD - The motor drive apparatus to perform vector control having excellent control performance on a motor includes an A/D converter which acquires currents flowing through a u-phase, a v-phase and a w-phase of the motor, a vector control unit which performs vector control on the motor based on d-axis motor current and q-axis motor current acquired by coordinate-converting the digitalized currents, a motor parameter and a desired angular speed of a motor rotor, a PWM generator which generates a PWM signal to drive the motor based on a motor voltage acquired by the vector control unit, and a parameter estimation unit which estimates a motor resistance, a d-axis motor inductance and a q-axis motor inductance in a direct current excitation state based on maximum peak values and minimum peak values of a d-axis motor voltage and a q-axis motor voltage and estimates a motor inductive voltage constant in a forced commutation control state.02-10-2011
20100219780MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - A motor control apparatus includes a current control unit which is configured to calculate dq-axis voltage commands to match d-axis and q-axis current commands with d-axis and q-axis currents of a motor current, respectively. A power conversion circuit is configured to drive the motor. A modulation factor command unit is configured to determine a modulation factor command. A modulation wave command unit is configured to determine modulation wave commands. A pulse width modulation generating unit is configured to generate a pulse width modulation pattern. A modulation factor saturation level calculating unit is configured to determine a modulation factor saturation level. A field-weakening control unit is configured to correct the d-axis current command.09-02-2010
20100207555ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - An alternating-current motor control apparatus includes a voltage controller configured to output a command voltage vector so that the command voltage vector is time-averaged for time periods, a square-wave voltage generator configured to control, every time period, amplitudes and phases of voltages to be applied to an alternating-current motor, a current detector configured to detect motor currents at a timing synchronized with periods 1/N-th of the time periods, where N is equal to or larger than one, a coordinate transformation section configured to perform coordinate transformation to transform the motor currents into two-phase currents, an envelope extractor configured to extract two-phase currents as waveforms having amplitudes that periodically change from the two-phase currents, and extract envelopes of the waveforms, and a magnetic-pole-position computing section configured to compute a magnetic-pole position using the envelopes.08-19-2010
20110241579CONTROLLER FOR AC ROTARY MACHINE AND CONTROLLER FOR ELECTRIC POWER STEERING - A storage section stores three-phase detection currents and outputs them as three-phase storage detection currents and also stores three-phase voltage commands and outputs them as three-phase storage voltage commands. A second voltage command calculating section outputs three-phase voltage commands on the basis of the three-phase storage detection currents and the three-phase storage voltage commands, which are acquired from the storage section, and the three-phase detection currents acquired from a current detecting means. A voltage command output means outputs, to a voltage application means, three-phase voltage commands acquired on the basis of the three-phase voltage commands from the storage section and the three-phase voltage commands from the second voltage command calculating section. The voltage application means applies a voltage to an AC rotary machine on the basis of the three-phase voltage commands from the voltage command output means.10-06-2011
20110025238MOTOR CONTROLLER AND ELECTRONIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS - A command current setting portion has a target value corrector that calculates d-axis and q-axis current command values idc, iqc that are to be supplied to an open-loop controller, based on d-axis and q-axis current target values id*, iq*. When d-axis and q-axis voltage target value vd*, vq* calculated from the d-axis and q-axis current target values id*, iq* by the motor circuit equations exceed a voltage limit, this target value corrector 02-03-2011
20110025237Method and Control System for Controlling a Brushless Electric Motor - The present invention relates to a method and a system for controlling a permanent magnet excited, brushless, electronically commutated, three-phase electric motor (02-03-2011
20110043144MOTOR CONTROLLER AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING SYSTEM - In a motor controller, a current detection unit detects an electric current flowing through a brushless motor. An open loop control unit determines a command value indicating a level of a command voltage in accordance with a motor circuit equation, based on a command current value indicating an amount of electric current to be supplied to the brushless motor and an angular velocity of a rotor in the brushless motor. A correction unit calculates a correction value based on a difference between the command current value and a current value detected by the current detection unit when the electric current is detected by the current detection unit and corrects the command value according to the correction value, and corrects the command value according to the correction value even when an electric current is not detected by the current detection unit.02-24-2011
20110127934MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE - A current command value computation section 06-02-2011
20110084634Motor apparatus including Lundell motor having Lundell-type rotor - The Lundell motor apparatus includes a controller for controlling a field current passed to a field coil of a Lundell-type rotor of a motor and an armature current passed to a stator coil of the motor in order to generate a required torque. When the field current is If, the armature current is Ia, a d-axis inductance is Ld, a q-axis inductance is Lq, a q-axis current as a q-axis component of the armature current is Iq, a d-axis current as a d-axis component of the armature current is Id, a field torque is Tf, a field flux is Φf, a reluctance torque is Tr, and a combined torque of the field torque and the reluctance torque is ΣT, the controller passes the d-axis current Id to the stator coil within a phase angle range in which the combined torque ΣT become larger than the field torque Tf in order to generate the reluctance torque Tr which is equal to (Ld−Lq)Id·Iq in addition to the field torque Tf.04-14-2011
20120068641CONTROL DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC ROTATING MACHINE - A control device has a predicting unit for predicting a first current flowing through a motor in a next control period, at a predicting time during a predetermined period after a change of switching state in an inverter by using a current detected before the change and for predicting a second current of a control period later than the next control period by one control period by using the predicted first current, a determining unit for determining a next operating state of the inverter by using the predicted second current and an instructed value so as to reduce a change of switching state in the change of the operating state, and a control unit for controlling the inverter to be set in the determined operating state in the next control period and controlling the current of the motor depending on the operating state of the inverter.03-22-2012
20120146559ESTIMATION OF ACTUAL TORQUE IN AN ELECTRICAL MOTOR DRIVE - It is presented a control device for driving an electric motor, wherein a drive control signal for the electric motor is arranged to be determined using a calculated rotor flux. A direct quadrature, dq, coordinate system relating to a rotor of the electric motor is used. The control device comprises a flux estimator arranged to determine the calculated rotor flux using a quadrature axis voltage, a measured direct axis current, a measured quadrature axis current, an angular velocity, stator resistance and a direct axis inductance and an actual torque calculator arranged to obtain an actual torque estimation using the calculated rotor flux, the measured direct axis current and the measured quadrature axis current. A corresponding method is also presented.06-14-2012
20100123418ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - When a rectangular wave voltage control mode is selected, a control apparatus estimates the output torque of an alternating-current motor based on the outputs of a current sensor and a rotation angle sensor, and executes torque feedback control by adjusting the phase of rectangular wave voltage based on the difference between the torque estimated value and a torque command value. The control apparatus executes a switching interruption that outputs a control command to a switching element of an inverter every 60 degrees of electrical angle, and executes an angle interruption that samples the phase currents of the alternating-current motor based on the output of the current sensor and converts those phase currents into a d-axis current and a q-axis current every predetermined electrical angle that is set beforehand. The control apparatus for the alternating-current motor then sets the predetermined electrical angle such that the number of angle interruptions between switching interruptions varies according to the rotation speed of the alternating-current motor.05-20-2010
20110074320CONTROL DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC MOTOR DRIVE DEVICE - A control device that controls an electric motor drive device. The control device is configured with a first voltage control section that derives a modulation rate representing a ratio of an effective value of the voltage command values to the DC voltage and a voltage command phase. A second voltage control section generates a control signal for controlling the DC/AC conversion section on the basis of the modulation rate, the voltage command phase, and a magnetic pole position representing a rotational angle of a rotator of the AC electric motor. A computation cycle of the first voltage control section is set to be longer than a computation cycle of the second voltage control section.03-31-2011
20110068722Open-Loop or Closed-Loop Control Method for a Converter - An open-loop or closed-loop control method for a converter which supplies an electric motor, wherein a current space vector is acquired as motor current, and the motor voltage, in particular a voltage space vector, is set, an induced voltage space vector 03-24-2011
20090026988Motor Control Device - A motor control device includes a motor current detector for detecting motor current flowing in a three-phase motor based on current flowing between an inverter driving the motor and a DC power supply, a specified voltage vector generating portion for generating a specified voltage vector indicating a voltage vector to which an applied voltage to the motor should follow based on a magnetic flux linkage of an armature winding of the motor, a specified voltage vector correcting portion for correcting the generated specified voltage vector, and a magnetic flux estimating portion for estimating the magnetic flux linkage based on the motor current and the specified voltage vector after the correction. The motor control device controls the motor via the inverter in accordance with the specified voltage vector after the correction.01-29-2009
20090322262Controller For Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor and Motor Control System - A motor control system includes a power converter, a vector controller for controlling the power converter, an axial error estimating operation for estimating an axial error which is a deviation between the phase estimation value and phase value of the motor, and a rotational speed estimating computing unit 12-31-2009
20090021195MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE AND MOTOR DRIVE SYSTEM - Let an axis parallel to a magnetic flux produced by a permanent magnet provided on a rotor of a motor be called a d-axis, let an axis leading the d-axis by an electrical angle of 90 degrees be called a q-axis, and let control axes corresponding to the d-axis and the q-axis be called a γ-axis and a δ-axis, respectively. Then, a motor control device performs vector control of the motor with the γ-axis and the δ-axis made different from the d-axis and the q-axis, respectively, and with a motor current passing through the motor broken down into a γ-axis current on the γ-axis and a δ-axis current on the δ-axis. The motor control device has an estimator that estimates, as an estimated magnetic flux, a flux linkage of an armature winding of the motor, or estimates, as an estimated induction voltage, an induction voltage generated by the flux linkage and the rotation of the motor; and a specified current value deriving portion that derives, by using the estimated magnetic flux or the estimated induction voltage, a specified γ-axis current value to be followed by the γ-axis current.01-22-2009
20100301786METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF TWO ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) MACHINES - A system is provided for controlling two AC machines. The system comprises a DC input voltage source that provides a DC input voltage, a voltage boost command control module (VBCCM), a five-phase PWM inverter module coupled to the two AC machines, and a boost converter coupled to the inverter module and the DC input voltage source. The boost converter is designed to supply a new DC input voltage to the inverter module having a value that is greater than or equal to a value of the DC input voltage. The VBCCM generates a boost command signal (BCS) based on modulation indexes from the two AC machines. The BCS controls the boost converter such that the boost converter generates the new DC input voltage in response to the BCS. When the two AC machines require additional voltage that exceeds the DC input voltage required to meet a combined target mechanical power required by the two AC machines, the BCS controls the boost converter to drive the new DC input voltage generated by the boost converter to a value greater than the DC input voltage.12-02-2010
20100320945MOTOR DRIVE SYSTEM USING POTENTIAL AT NEUTRAL POINT - According to input parameters, a controller carries out: generation of a voltage command value for each of d- and q-axes; conversion of the voltage command value for each of the d- and q-axes into a voltage command value for each of the multiphase windings; and control of a multiphase inverter based on the voltage command value for each of the multiphase windings. The controller adds, to the voltage command value for the q-axis, a first compensation voltage value for compensating torque ripples to thereby output a compensated voltage command value for the q-axis. The first compensation voltage value contains m-th harmonic components in the AC motor and varies depending on the rotational angle of the rotor, the m corresponding to the number of phase of the multiphase windings. The controller uses, as the voltage command value for the q-axis, the compensated voltage command value for the q-axis.12-23-2010
20100283414MOTOR FOR WASHER, METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE MOTOR, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE WASHER - A motor, and a method and apparatus for controlling the motor for a washer are provided. The motor includes a stator on which a plurality of coils are wound and disposed in a circular shape, a rotor having a plurality of permanent magnets spaced apart from the coils by a predetermined distance, and a motor controller performing a vector control method for controlling a current vector applied on a d-q axis rotating coordinate system in a start mode of the rotor to make a current speed of the rotor follow a reference speed of the rotor by comparing the current speed with the reference speed. The motor controller includes a speed/position detector for detecting the current speed and a current position of the rotor using an on/off signal of a hall sensor installed on the stator.11-11-2010
20110062902METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LOW SPEED PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR OPERATION - Methods and apparatus are provided for startup of a permanent magnet alternating current (AC) motor. The method comprises the steps of detecting startup of the permanent magnet AC motor; detecting a mechanical oscillation of the permanent magnet AC motor when startup of the permanent magnet AC motor is detected; and, in response to detection of the mechanical oscillation of the permanent magnet AC motor when startup is detected, suppressing the mechanical oscillation of the permanent magnet AC motor.03-17-2011
20100301787METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF TWO ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) MACHINES - A system is provided for controlling two alternating current (AC) machines via a five-phase PWM inverter module. The system comprises a first control loop, a second control loop, and a current command adjustment module. The current command adjustment module operates in conjunction with the first control loop and the second control loop to continuously adjust current command signals that control the first AC machine and the second AC machine such that they share the input voltage available to them without compromising the target mechanical output power of either machine. This way, even when the phase voltage available to either one of the machines decreases, that machine outputs its target mechanical output power.12-02-2010
20100117568CONTROLLER FOR CALCULATING ELECTRIC POWER CONSUMPTION OF INDUSTRIAL MACHINE - A controller of an industrial machine provided with an electric motor, a peripheral apparatus and an amplifier for the motor. The controller includes a motor power-consumption calculation section calculating motor power consumption by multiplying a motor current detection value, a motor rotation-speed detection value and a predetermined motor torque constant together; a power loss calculation section calculating sum power loss of the motor and amplifier by adding motor power loss determined by multiplying a square of the motor current detection value by a predetermined motor winding-resistance value, amplifier power loss determined by multiplying the motor current detection value by a predetermined amplifier power-loss coefficient, and predetermined fixed amplifier power consumption together; a fixed power-consumption calculation section calculating fixed power consumption of the peripheral apparatus; and a total power-consumption calculation section determining total power consumption of the industrial machine in a predetermined time period by integrating, for the time period, the calculated motor power consumption, the calculated sum power loss and the calculated fixed power consumption.05-13-2010
20110175556TORQUE RIPPLE SUPPRESSION CONTROL DEVICE FOR PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING SYSTEM - A torque ripple suppression control device for a permanent magnet motor includes a current command conversion unit that outputs a current command value, a position detector that detects a rotational position of the permanent magnet motor, a current detection unit that detects a current at the permanent magnet motor, an induced voltage coefficient setting unit that outputs an information signal related to an induced voltage coefficient for an induced voltage at the permanent magnet motor, a torque ripple suppression operation unit that outputs a current correction command value for the permanent magnet motor, a current control operation unit that outputs a voltage command value based upon addition results obtained by adding together the current command value and the current correction command value and the current detection value, and a power converter that outputs a voltage with which the permanent magnet motor is to be driven.07-21-2011
20100060211Inverter Control Apparatus And Motor Drive System - An inverter control apparatus that controls a three-phase inverter which transforms a direct-current voltage into an alternating three-phase voltage, the inverter control apparatus includes: a voltage command vector generation portion that generates a first voltage command vector for specifying a vector of a voltage to be applied to a three-phase load that is connected to the inverter; a voltage command vector correction portion that in performing overmodulation with the inverter, corrects the first voltage command vector by setting a limit onto a coordinate-axis component of the first voltage command vector on an ab coordinate system to generate a second voltage command vector, wherein the inverter is so controlled that a voltage depending on the second voltage command vector is applied to the load, and the ab coordinate system is a coordinated system that depending on a phase of the first voltage command vector with respect to a predetermined fixed axis on a two-dimensional fixed coordinate system, rotates in stepwise fashion for every 60 degrees in electrical angle with respect to the fixed coordinate system.03-11-2010
20100194316Method and Device for Field-Oriented Regulation of a Polyphase Machine - A method and a device for field-oriented regulation of a polyphase machine. An actual torque of the polyphase machine is ascertained, the ascertained actual torque is compared with a setpoint torque, and in the event that torque differences occur, the setpoint values for the flow-forming current and the torque-forming current are modified to bring the actual torque into agreement with the setpoint torque. The actual torque is calculated with the aid of the power balance of the polyphase machine.08-05-2010
20110148335CONTROL APPARATUS FOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - A control apparatus for a permanent magnet synchronous motor capable of performing highly accurate torque control not only during low-speed operation and medium-speed operation but also during high-speed operation without increasing a burden on a product CPU irrespective of whether the permanent magnet synchronous motor is an SPM motor or an IPM motor. The control apparatus includes a torque correction circuit that generate a torque correction command from a current phase of current correction commands on a d-axis and a q-axis and a torque command and supplies the torque correction command to a d/q-axis current command generator instead of the torque command.06-23-2011
20110148334METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR CONTROLLING PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES - A method and an arrangement are provided for controlling a sensorless permanent magnet synchronous machine using a frequency converter connected to feed the machine with electrical power. A current a current vector having a magnitude is produced to the stator of the machine with the frequency converter, and the current vector is rotated for rotating the rotor of the machine. Prior to starting the drive, a value is defined for the magnitude of the current vector and a frequency limit. The defined value is used as the magnitude of the current vector when the rotor of the machine is rotated with a frequency that is lower than the defined frequency limit. A vector control method is used for controlling the machine when the frequency of the machine is higher than or equal to the defined frequency limit.06-23-2011
20100026216CONTROLLER FOR MOTOR - A controller for an axial gap-type motor (02-04-2010
20090079370IPM MOTOR SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF - An IPM (Interior Permanent Magnet) motor system is provided with an IPM motor provided with a stator having slots and a rotor having poles, and a control unit which controls the rotor to the stator. An estimation precision of an initial angle position of the rotor to the stator is selected such that it is substantially the same as an angle unit precision of stable positions of the rotor to the stator which is based on a combination of the number of poles and the number of slots. In this way, the cheap IPM motor system with a high drive efficiency and a control method of the IPM motor system are provided.03-26-2009
20120306411TORQUE RIPPLE SUPPRESSION CONTROL APPARATUS AND TORQUE RIPPLE SUPPRESSION CONTROL METHOD FOR ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE - A periodic disturbance observer determines real part Î12-06-2012
20120038296CONTROLLABLE RECTIFICATION DEVICE AND ELECTRIC MOTOR COMPRISING THE SAME - The present invention discloses a controllable rectification comprising an inverter (02-16-2012
20120038295METHOD FOR OPERATING A POLYPHASE MACHINE HAVING A PULSE-WIDTH-MODULATED INVERTER - A method for operating a polyphase machine having a pulse-width-modulated inverter, having the steps: determining a setpoint current value respectively for a current in the longitudinal direction and/or the transverse direction based on a specified torque, ascertaining a setpoint voltage value respectively for a voltage in the longitudinal direction and/or the transverse direction with the aid of the setpoint current value and/or of an actual current value determined at the pulse-width-modulated inverter, controlling and/or regulating the polyphase machine corresponding to the ascertained setpoint voltage value. In this context it is provided that, in addition, using a model, a model value is determined respectively for the voltage in the longitudinal direction and/or the transverse direction, the difference between the setpoint voltage value and the model value is ascertained, and in response to the exceeding of a specifiable maximum difference, an error signal is triggered.02-16-2012
20110316458THREE-PHASE MOTOR CONTROLLER, THREE-PHASE MOTOR SYSTEM, THREE-PHASE MOTOR CONTROL METHOD AND PROGRAM - A three-phase motor control apparatus 4 controlling a driver which drives a three-phase motor includes: a desired rotation angle generation section 5 which generates a desired rotation angle; a rotation angle detector 2 which detects a detected rotation angle which is the rotation angle of said three phase motor; a feedback controller 6 which generates a q-axis command reference value which controls the q-axis voltage or the q-axis current of the three-phase motor 1 in response to the desired rotation angle and the detected rotation angle; a drive torque correction section and an adder 10 which generate a q-axis command value by correcting the q-axis command reference value; and a two-phase to three-phase transformation section 8 which generates a control signal which controls the driver circuit 3 which drives the three-phase motor in response to the q-axis command. The drive torque correction section 7 includes an angle look-up table 11 which contains elements respectively associated with angle ranges defined for the rotation angle of the three-phase motor, and selects any of the elements in response to the detected rotation angle. The q-axis command is generated by correcting the q-axis command reference value based on the value of the selected element.12-29-2011
20110316457DQ VECTOR CONTROL SYSTEM PROVIDING STABLE, HIGH EFFICIENCY OPERATION OF ELECTRIC MOTOR - A control system for a multiphase electric motor includes inputs for a desired torque output of the motor, a measured torque output of the motor, a signal representative of optimal motor efficiency; a signal representative of a measured efficiency of the motor. The output is a two-dimensional DQ control voltage. A torque feedback control loop minimizes error between the desired and measured torque outputs by controlling an angle of the DQ control voltage, and a motor efficiency feedback control loop minimizes error between the optimal and measured motor efficiencies by controlling a magnitude of the DQ control voltage.12-29-2011
20100315026Self Starting Method and an Apparatus for Sensorless Commutation of Brushless CD Motors - A method and apparatus for electronic control of a direct current motor is disclosed based upon a sensorless commutation technique using voltage vector analysis. A voltage vector is produced by addition of supply phase voltage vectors of energized windings with the back-electromotive force vector of the unenergized winding. The resultant voltage vector rotates at the same speed as the rotor and possesses rotor position information used to commutate phase windings. The angle that the resultant voltage vector makes with the real axis is measured to commutate the phase windings. By parking the rotor in a predetermined position, this technique can be used to efficiently start the motor from rest and commutate phase windings during normal operation.12-16-2010
20110156623MOTOR DRIVE APPARATUS AND POWER STEERING APPARATUS USING THE SAME - In a motor drive apparatus having two power supply systems for a motor, output phase currents supplied from inverters and detected by current sensors are added. Sums of the phase currents are fed back to a 3-2 phase conversion section and converted into a d-axis current and a q-axis current. A 2-3 phase conversion section outputs the same three-phase voltage command values to the inverters. Thus, the 3-2 phase conversion section and the 2-3 phase conversion section are both reduced to 1 in number, which is less than 2 of the inverters.06-30-2011
20120001573CONTROLLER FOR AC ROTARY MACHINE - A controller for an AC rotary machine which performs a smooth drive from a low-speed region including zero speed to a high-speed region, and which can attain, even if an initial value error is present in an estimated phase, desired characteristics by promptly converging the error. An adaptive observation mechanism outputs an estimated magnetic flux phase, an estimated current vector, an estimated magnetic flux vector, and an estimated speed, based on a voltage instruction vector, a current deviation vector, and an amplified deviation vector; a deviation vector calculator calculates the current deviation vector between the estimated current vector and a detected current vector from a current vector detector, and a magnetic flux deviation vector between the estimated magnetic flux vector and a detected magnetic flux vector from a magnetic flux vector detector; and a deviation amplifier amplifies the current deviation vector and the magnetic flux deviation vector, and outputs the result as the amplified deviation vector.01-05-2012
20120007528AC MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE AND AC MOTOR DRIVING SYSTEM - The present invention relates to an AC motor control device and, particularly, to provide an AC control device capable of simply setting a state quantity of an AC motor non-linearly variable, in accordance with the motor driving state and using the setting in motor control, the present invention can be achieved by including a state quantity calculating unit (01-12-2012
20090284194PHASE CURRENT MEASUREMENTS IN A THREE PHASE INVERTER USING A SINGLE COMMON DC-LINK CURRENT SENSOR - A method for measuring current in each phase of a three-phase inverter driven motor is based on the three-phase inverter being controlled in a PWM mode by three PWM signals including the use of a common DC-link current sensing resistor. The current on the sensing resistor is intermittently sampled. The method includes determining a modulation index for the voltage demand set by a motor controller. Based on specific mutual duty cycle conditions of the three PWM phase driving signals, sampling windows of sufficient duration are created for allowing distinct sampling of two of the phase currents.11-19-2009
20120153881VECTOR CONTROL METHOD FOR ELECTRIC MOTORS - A vector control method for electric motors, characterized in that it comprises the steps of: supplying a reference vector (Vout06-21-2012
20120119686Method for controlling a motor - A method for controlling a motor by an inverter and by a vectorial technique, comprising the following steps: determining the value of a quadrature current Iq necessary for said motor to generate the desired torque; calculating the value of a direct current to be supplied to the motor by an equation as a function of the phase of the current vector on which the torque constant of the motor depends; calculating the power current of said motor from the direct current and the quadrature current; supplying the power current to the motor through the inverter.05-17-2012
20120249025DETECTION DEVICE FOR DETECTING MAGNETIC POLE POSITION OF SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR, AND CONTROL APPARATUS EQUIPPED THEREWITH - A detection device for detecting a magnetic pole position of a synchronous motor includes a generating unit for generating a magnetic pole correction value based on the difference between a forward rotation d-phase voltage command and a reverse rotation d-phase voltage command, the d-phase voltage commands being used for rotating the synchronous motor and generated when the synchronous motor is driven in forward and reverse directions, respectively, by applying a prescribed d-phase current command after detecting a magnetic pole initial position at power-on of the synchronous motor, and a correcting unit for correcting the magnetic pole initial position based on the magnetic pole correction value and on a sensor reference position which defines a reference position of a sensor attached to the synchronous motor, and a control apparatus equipped with the detection device controls the rotation of the synchronous motor based on the corrected magnetic pole initial position.10-04-2012
20120212163POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE - A power conversion apparatus of an electric vehicle includes: a power converter for driving an induction machine based on arbitrary d- and q-axis voltage commands Vd* and Vq*, and a control unit for controlling the power converter based on a power running command P and a brake command B from outside. The control unit includes: a dq/three-phase conversion unit for converting phase current information iu, iv, and iw detected from the induction machine into d- and q-axis current detection values id and iq on orthogonal rotating coordinates; a speed determination unit for computing d- and q-axis voltage commands Vd* and Vq* for the power converter and determines that speed of the induction machine is zero based on the power running command P, the brake command B, and the B- and q-axis current detection values id and iq; and a resistance computing unit for computing a resistance value of the induction machine based on the power running command P, the d-axis current detection value id, and the d-axis voltage command Vd* when the brake command B is changed to the power running command P and the speed determination unit determines that the speed of the induction machine is zero.08-23-2012
20120212162METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRIC MOTOR WITH COMPENSATION FOR TIME DELAY IN POSITION DETERMINATION - A sensor detects position data for a rotor of the motor at a first time. A data processor receives the detected position data associated with a first time delay. A sensing circuit senses an analog current at the motor during a second time delay. An analog-to-digital converter converts the analog current to a digital current data during a third time delay. The fourth time delay is detected between actual current reading instant and position reading instant in a data processor. The digital phase current data is transformed into measured direct and quadrature axes control current data based on synchronization or temporal alignment of the position data with the actual measured analog phase current at the starting time by compensating the position data by a sum of the second time delay, the third time delay and the fourth time delay, where the first time delay is subtracted from the sum.08-23-2012
20120176069ELECTRIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS - An electric power steering apparatus detects, as an abnormal phase, a phase other than a combination of phases whose interphase voltage is of nearly zero volts if a q-axis current is equal to or smaller than a first threshold value though a q-axis voltage is being applied. Alternatively, the electric power steering apparatus calculates a base electric angle at which the q-axis current is equal to or smaller than a third threshold value though the q-axis voltage is being applied, and determines an abnormal phase based on the base electric angle.07-12-2012
20120176068ROTATING MACHINE CONTROLLER - In a norm setting section, a norm of an output voltage vector of an inverter is set based on a required torque and an electrical angle speed. In a phase setting section, a phase is set as controlled variables for performing a feedback control of an estimated torque to the required torque. In an operation signal generating section, operation signals are generated based on the norm set by the norm setting section and the phase set by the phase setting section, and the signals are outputted to the inverter. Based on the value of the phase, existence of abnormalities of a permanent magnet of a motor-generator is determined.07-12-2012
20120187876METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING THIRD HARMONIC VOLTAGE WHEN OPERATING A MULTI-PHASE MACHINE IN AN OVERMODULATION REGION - Methods, system and apparatus are provided for controlling third harmonic voltages when operating a multi-phase machine in an overmodulation region. The multi-phase machine can be, for example, a five-phase machine in a vector controlled motor drive system that includes a five-phase PWM controlled inverter module that drives the five-phase machine. Techniques for overmodulating a reference voltage vector are provided. For example, when the reference voltage vector is determined to be within the overmodulation region, an angle of the reference voltage vector can be modified to generate a reference voltage overmodulation control angle, and a magnitude of the reference voltage vector can be modified, based on the reference voltage overmodulation control angle, to generate a modified magnitude of the reference voltage vector. By modifying the reference voltage vector, voltage command signals that control a five-phase inverter module can be optimized to increase output voltages generated by the five-phase inverter module.07-26-2012
20090021197MOTOR DRIVER - A motor driver according to the invention comprises an energizing unit (01-22-2009
20090021196Device for controlling an electromechanical actuator - A device for controlling an electromechanical actuator includes an electric motor and an actuator operated by the electric motor. It also includes a digital signal processor (DSP) providing data of reference voltages (Ud01-22-2009
20120229058DEVICE AND METHOD OF STOPPING INDUCTION MOTOR - Provided are a device and method of stopping an induction motor. The includes: a frequency commanding unit for generating an operating frequency corresponding to a rotational speed command of the induction motor; a q-axis and d-axis V/F converter for outputting a first q-axis voltage (Vq09-13-2012
20080297078Motor Control Device - A motor control device that controls the driving of a motor having a permanent magnet provided at a rotor has: an angle detector that detects the angle of the rotor by use of an angle sensor; a current detector that detects, as a detected current, the outflow current from or inflow current to a direct-current power source serving as the source for driving the motor; and an angle corrector that corrects the detected angle based on the detected current. The driving of the motor is controlled by use of a corrected angle obtained through the correction by the angle corrector.12-04-2008
20080297077MOTOR DRIVE CONTROL DEVICE, MOTOR DRIVE CONTROL METHOD AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE USING MOTOR DRIVE CONTROL DEVICE - A motor drive control device includes: a generation part for generating a current command value; a current detection part for detecting a drive current of an electric motor; a motor feedback control part for controlling feedback of the electric motor based on the current command value and a drive current detection value; a prefilter with order of one or more for adjusting the current command value, the prefilter being interposed between the generation part and the motor feedback control part; and a series compensator with order of two or more for determining a voltage command value of the motor feedback control part based on the current command value adjusted by the prefilter and the drive current detection value of the electric motor.12-04-2008
20120319629INVERTER DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF - This inverter device includes a power portion performing PWM control on a voltage command to a motor for each set time period, converting direct-current power into alternating-current power, and outputting the same, a voltage command generation portion generating a voltage command in synchronization with a period N-times (N≧1) longer than the time period, an interval determination portion generating an interval determination signal which is ON during a half period of the time period and OFF during the next half period, a current detection portion detecting the current of the motor at timing of change in the interval determination signal, and a voltage correction portion generating a voltage correction value such that the amount of change in the detected current when the interval determination signal is ON becomes equal to the amount of change in the detected current when it is OFF and correcting the voltage command.12-20-2012
20120326639Sensorless Optimum Torque Control For High Efficiency Ironless Permanent Magnet Machine - Embodiments of the present invention permit the optimization of torque control of a permanent magnet machine including obtaining instantaneous terminal voltages of the machine, transforming the instantaneous terminal voltages to a zero direct axis voltage and a non-zero quadrature axis voltage, using a mathematical transformation, regulating the electrical frequency of the permanent-magnet machine such that the zero direct-axis voltage is adjusted to have a value of zero, determining a non-final electrical angle of the permanent-magnet machine by applying an integrator to the regulated electrical frequency of the machine, determining a final electrical angle of the of the machine by integrating the non-final electrical angle and an electrical angle from a previous calculation cycle, and regulating the current vector of the machine such that the current vector is perpendicular to the final electrical angle of the machine, thereby optimizing the torque of the machine.12-27-2012
20120268046CONTROL DEVICE FOR ALTERNATING CURRENT MOTOR - A control device for an alternating current motor according to embodiments includes a current distributor and a phase estimator. The current distributor divides a torque command by using a control phase and outputs a component that contributes to a mechanical output of the motor as a δ-axis current command and a component that does not contribute to the mechanical output as a γ-axis current command. The phase estimator computes a phase at which a γ-axis component of an addition amount of the output of the current controller and a voltage drop amount of inductance of the motor becomes zero and outputs the computed phase as the control phase.10-25-2012
20120319628Method For Controlling A Machine Or An Electrical Load Supplied With Electric Power Over A Long Line - A drive controller arranged to provide electrical power from a power supply to a machine or load over a long AC power cable of the order of kilometers. The drive controller is arranged with circuits and/or control processes to provide AC current at a constant ratio of voltage and frequency to said machine or load. The drive controller maintains voltage and frequency at the machine terminals despite fluctuations in voltage and/or frequency that would ordinarily be caused by the load. This is done by estimating the voltage and current at the machine terminals and adapting the drive controller output accordingly to actively vary the converter output dependent on the load of the machine or other load. In other aspects of the invention a method and a computer program for carrying out the method are described.12-20-2012
20110221368MOTOR DRIVE DEVICE - A motor drive device capable of suppressing generation of torque ripple and abnormal noise includes an inverter, and a control section for controlling the inverter. The control section includes a current command value calculation unit for calculating a current command value, a rotation calculation unit for calculating a rotation angle and an angular speed of the motor, a drive signal generation unit for generating a PWM signal, a correction signal generation unit for generating a correction signal for correcting the PWM signal to compensate for the dead time of the inverter, and an application current setting unit for adding a dead time to the PWM signal corrected by the correction signal and outputting the resulting signal to the inverter. The correction signal generation unit generates the correction signal based on the current command value and the rotation angle and the angular speed calculated by the rotation calculation unit.09-15-2011
20110221367METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR OVERMODULATION OF A FIVE-PHASE MACHINE - Methods, system and apparatus are provided for overmodulation of a five-phase machine in a vector controlled motor drive system that includes a five-phase PWM controlled inverter module that drives the five-phase machine. Techniques for overmodulating a reference voltage vector are provided to optimize voltage command signals that control a five-phase inverter module to increase output voltages generated by the five-phase inverter module.09-15-2011
20110241578METHOD FOR CONTROLLING PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - The present invention provides a method for controlling a permanent magnet synchronous motor used in electric vehicles such as hybrid vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, and the like. The method for controlling the permanent magnet synchronous motor preferably includes detecting an absolute angular position of a permanent magnet synchronous motor; calculating a rotational speed of the permanent magnet synchronous motor based on the detected absolute angular position; detecting a voltage of a battery as a power source; calculating a compensated speed, for which a battery voltage variation is compensated, from the rotational speed of the permanent magnet synchronous motor based on a torque command, the rotational speed of the permanent magnet synchronous motor, and the battery voltage; generating a d-axis current command and a q-axis current command corresponding to the torque command and the compensated speed using a predetermined current command map; converting three-phase currents flowing into the permanent magnet synchronous motor into a d-axis feedback current and a q-axis feedback current based on the detected absolute angular position; calculating a d-axis voltage command and a q-axis voltage command based on the d-axis current command, the q-axis current command, the d-axis feedback current, and the q-axis feedback current; converting the d-axis voltage command and the q-axis voltage command into three-phase voltage commands based on the detected absolute angular position; and controlling the operation of the permanent magnet synchronous motor based on the three-phase voltage commands.10-06-2011
20100231149LINEARITY FOR FIELD WEAKENING IN AN INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET MACHINE - Systems and methods are disclosed to provide torque linearity in the field-weakening region for an electric (e.g., IPM) machine. The systems and methods implement a field weakening and a torque linearity control loop for linearizing torque generated by an electric machine. First and second voltage commands are used at the field weakening loop to generate a first adjusting current command. The first adjusting current command is then provided to the torque linearity control loop, where it is multiplied by a gain to generate an output current command, which can then be limited to generate a second adjusting current command. The second adjusting current command can then be added to a current command to generate an adjusted current command. The first adjusting current command can also be added to another current command to generate another adjusted current command. The adjusted current commands and feedback currents are then used at a synchronous current regulator to generate new first and second voltage commands. As a result, torque linearity is maintained when the electric machine operates in the field weakening region.09-16-2010
20100231148Torque Controller for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor - When output voltage V09-16-2010
20130009574APPARATUS FOR OPERATING INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - Provided is an apparatus for operating interior permanent magnet synchronous motor in a system including a detector measuring a position and a speed of a rotor of an IPMSM, the apparatus including an output unit generating and outputting a current command driving a MTPA (Maximum Torque Per Ampere) based on the command torque, a correction unit correcting the current command outputted by the output unit, a feedback unit transmitting over-modulated voltage information to the correction unit, a control unit controlling the current command to output a voltage, a first limit unit limiting an output of the control unit using a maximum voltage synthesizable by an inverter unit, and the inverter unit applying a 3-phase voltage command for tracking a command torque to the IPMSM using an output of the first limit unit.01-10-2013
20130009575APPARATUS FOR OPERATING INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - Provided is an apparatus for operating interior permanent magnet synchronous motor by receiving a first current command of a flux weakening control region I in a system including a detector measuring a position and a speed of a rotor of an IPMSM, the apparatus including a feedback unit transmitting over-modulated voltage information to a correction unit, the correction unit using the rotor speed and the over-modulated voltage information to correct the first current command to a second current command of a flux weakening control region II, a control unit controlling the second current command to output a voltage, a first limit unit limiting an output of the control unit to a maximum voltage synthesizable by an inverter unit, and the inverter unit applying a 3-phase voltage command for following a command torque to the IPMSM using an output of a voltage limit unit.01-10-2013
20130015793METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SPACE VECTOR PULSE WIDTH MODULATION OF A THREE-PHASE CURRENT CONSTRUCTION WITH SINGLE DC-LINK SHUNTAANM Qin; LingAACI HoustonAAST TXAACO USAAGP Qin; Ling Houston TX USAANM Akin; BilalAACI StaffordAAST TXAACO USAAGP Akin; Bilal Stafford TX US - A method for driving a motor having a plurality of phases is provided. Initially, first, second, and third intervals for a pulse width modulation (PWM) period from first and second voltage commands are generated. The first and second voltage commands correspond to a voltage vector for the motor, and the voltage vector has an associated sector. A conversion formula is then determined for the first, second, third intervals based on the associated sector for the voltage vector. Using the conversion formula and the first, second, and third intervals, fourth, fifth, and sixth intervals are generated, and a set of PWM signals for the PWM period is generated from the fourth, fifth, and sixth intervals. The motor is then driven with the second set of PWM signals, and a current traversing the plurality of phases with a single shunt is measured.01-17-2013
20130020971TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION FOR IMPROVED FIELD WEAKENING ACCURACY - Methods and apparatus are provided for rotor and stator temperature compensation for field weakening current. The method comprises generating a phase voltage feed back signal V01-24-2013
20120242260CONTROL METHOD AND CONTROL DEVICE OF MOTOR INVERTER - A motor inverter is provided with switching elements for each phase of a 3-phase motor, and driving the motor by turning on and off the switching elements. In an example of a control device of the motor inverter, the control device includes: a stationary phase determination unit for defining a phase in a plurality of phases provided with switching elements for each area as a stationary phase in which a switching operation is not performed, based on current command value of each phase acquired from d-axis current command value and q-axis current command value of the motor, with one rotation in electrical angle of a rotor of the motor divided into a plurality of areas; and a drive unit for performing the switching operation of switching elements of the phases other than the stationary phase determined for each area to perform, and realizing 2-phase modulation control.09-27-2012
20130169201METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE IN AN OVERMODULATION REGION - Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of an electric machine in a vector controlled motor drive system when the electric machine operates in an overmodulation region. The disclosed embodiments can reduce variations/errors in the phase voltage command signals applied to the multi-phase machine so that phase current may be properly regulated thus reducing current/torque oscillation, which can in turn improve machine efficiency and performance, as well as utilization of the DC voltage source.07-04-2013
20130169202METHODS, SYSTEMS AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING VOLTAGE COMMANDS USED TO CONTROL OPERATION OF A PERMANENT MAGNET MACHINE - Methods, systems and apparatus are provided for generating voltage commands used to control operation of a permanent magnet machine. For example, a control system is provided that generates voltage command signals for controlling a permanent magnet machine during a transition from an initial operating condition to a final operating condition. The control system includes a processor configured to execute software instructions, and a memory configured to store software instructions accessible by the processor. The software instructions comprise a voltage command generator module. Based on an electrical angular frequency of the permanent magnet machine, and synchronous reference frame current signals, the voltage command generator module is configured to generate ramped voltage command signals that each change linearly in accordance with a slope during a transition period that is set to a rise time.07-04-2013
20130169203APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - Disclosed is an apparatus for controlling an IPMSM, the apparatus according to exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure including a first generating unit generating a q-axis reference voltage of a synchronous reference frame from a reference frequency, a current converter generating a current of the synchronous reference frame from a 3-phase current of the IPMSM, and a voltage controller generating a d-axis reference voltage compensating a voltage in response to a load change.07-04-2013
20090079371MOTOR CONTROLLER AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS - A signal generating section includes a second calculating section that corrects phase resistance. The calculating section stores resistance values of phases that have been measured in advance and a reference resistance value. The calculating section calculates correction components, which cancel a voltage drop term of a voltage equation of a d-q coordinate system changing depending on the rotation angle of the motor, based on the stored resistance values and the reference resistance value. The signal generating section superimposes the correction component and the correction component on a d-axis voltage command value and a q-axis voltage command value, respectively. The d-axis voltage command value and the q-axis voltage command value are thus corrected in such a manner as to suppress a torque ripple caused by difference among the resistance values of the phases.03-26-2009
20120249024ELECTRIC MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE - An electric motor control device includes a mode in which an inverter is controlled by a current phase of an armature current in a 2-axis orthogonal vector space, a vector being obtained by synthesizing a field and a drive current along two axes defining the vector space; a high-loss control section that, when extra power results from charging a power storage device, varies the field current in accordance with the extra power to increase the armature current while maintaining torque of an AC electric motor; and the high-loss control section varies the field current to one of a field weakening and a field intensifying side of the electric motor, which results in the higher power loss within a range in which the armature current can be output in the vector space and which is determined based on the DC power source voltage and a rotational speed of the electric motor.10-04-2012
20100060210METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AUTOMATICALLY IDENTIFYING ELECTRICAL PARAMETERS IN A SENSOR-LESS PMSM - A method and apparatus for determining electrical parameters for commissioning a sensor-less permanent magnet synchronous machine uses knowledge of the rotor position to apply balanced pulses along the rotor magnet axis and perpendicular to the rotor magnet axis allowing measurement of q- and d-inductance at multiple current levels without substantial rotor movement.03-11-2010
20130119900MOTOR TORQUE RIPPLE COMPENSATION - A system for controlling a vehicle, the vehicle including an electric machine, includes a controller. The controller is configured to control the electric machine with an electric machine current including a plurality of current harmonic components. At least two of the current harmonic components have different magnitudes. When a torque ripple of the electric machine is an electrical k-th order harmonic, the plurality of current harmonic components may include an electrical k-1 order harmonic component having a first magnitude and an electrical k+1 order harmonic component having a second magnitude different than the first magnitude.05-16-2013
20130093370PARAMETER ESTIMATING APPARATUS FOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR DRIVING SYSTEM - A parameter estimating apparatus for permanent magnet synchronous motor driving system is disclosed, the apparatus estimating an inductance and a magnet flux linkage of a permanent magnet through a real-time magnetic flux estimation, whereby an operation performance of the PMSM can be enhanced.04-18-2013
20130113398CONTROL APPARATUS FOR AC ROTARY MACHINE - A control apparatus for an AC rotary machine includes: a current detection section detecting current from a power converter to the AC rotary machine; and a control section generating a three-phase AC voltage instruction to the power converter, based on current detected by the current detection section and a torque instruction. The control section includes: an observer calculating a magnetic flux estimated value of the AC rotary machine, based on detected current and the voltage instruction; a current instruction calculation unit calculating current instruction values on rotational two axes, based on the torque instruction and the magnetic flux estimated value from the observer; and a voltage instruction calculation unit calculating the voltage instruction, based on the current instruction values from the current instruction calculation unit and the magnetic flux estimated value from the observer.05-09-2013
20130113399CONTROL APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD FOR AC ROTARY MACHINE - A control apparatus for an AC rotary machine includes a control circuit, a power converter, a current detector, and a voltage detector. The control circuit includes: an activation current instruction unit which generates a current instruction for activation; and a start phase setting unit which sets an initial rotation phase for activation control, based on the rotation direction of the AC rotary machine just after activation and on the polarity of current detected by the current detector just after activation. Thus, the current amplitude and torque shock just after activation control is started can be reduced, and assured and stable reactivation is allowed without causing the protection operation.05-09-2013
20130187579MOTOR DRIVE FOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - A pulse-width modulation (PWM) inverter controller compensates for harmonics in the output current provided by a PWM inverter to permanent magnet (PM) motor. The PWM inverter controller includes a field-oriented controller (FOC) that monitors output currents provided by the PWM inverter to the PM motor and employs the monitored output currents in a current loop feedback that generates control signals. A harmonic compensator transforms monitored phase currents into rectangular waveforms having magnitudes modified based on detected harmonics within the monitored phase currents to generate compensation signals. The compensation signals generated by the harmonic compensator are summed with the control signals generated by the FOC to generate compensated control signals. A PWM signal generator generates PWM signals for controlling the PWM inverter based on the compensated control signals.07-25-2013
20130141023MOTOR CONTROLLING APPARATUS - A motor controlling apparatus including an inverter, a voltage detector, a rotational speed detector, a command value calculating component, an inverter controller, a state detector and an offsetting component. The inverter converts direct-current power to alternating-current power supplied to a motor. The voltage detector detects a direct-current voltage, and the rotational speed detector detects a rotational speed of the motor. The calculating component calculates current and torque command values, and motor rotational speed. The controller provides a control signal to control the inverter based on the current command value. The state detector detects a control state of the inverter, and the offsetting component offsets the detected voltage or rotational speed by an offset amount. The calculating component modifies the current command value based on the offset detected voltage or rotational speed to increase on a negative side a d-axis current command value included in the current command value.06-06-2013
20100277111PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONIZATION MOTOR VECTOR CONTROL DEVICE - Provided is a vector control device for a permanent magnet synchronous motor driven by an inverter. The vector control device includes: a current command generation unit for generating a d-axis current command id* and q-axis current command iq* from a given torque command T*; and a current control unit operating so that the motor current coincides with the current command. The current command generation unit includes: a d-axis basic current command generation unit for generating a first d-axis basic current command id11-04-2010
20130093369CONTROLLING TORQUE RIPPLE IN INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET MACHINES - A system for controlling a vehicle, the vehicle including a permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motor, includes a controller. The controller is configured to control the motor with a motor current. In the presence of a predetermined condition, the motor current results in increased winding loss and reduced torque ripple with respect to optimal motor current for minimal winding loss.04-18-2013
20110210687CONTROL APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC ROTATING MACHINE - A control apparatus for use with an electric power conversion system which is equipped with a dc/ac converter connected to an electric rotating machine and a capacitor joined to input terminals of the dc/ac converter. The control apparatus stores an angle of rotation (i.e., start angle θ09-01-2011
20110248656MOTOR DRIVE DEVICE - A motor drive device has a drive circuit for driving a motor, and a control section for controlling the drive circuit. The control section has a current command value calculating portion for calculating a current command value, a rotation calculating portion for calculating a rotation angle and an angular speed of the motor, a current command value correcting portion for correcting the current command value based on the rotation angle, a voltage command value calculating portion for calculating a voltage command value based on the current command value, a voltage command value correcting portion for correcting the voltage command value based on the current command value and the rotation angle and the angular speed, and a drive signal generating portion for generating a drive signal based on the voltage command value.10-13-2011
20130175955METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SENSORLESS CONTROL OF AN ELECTRIC MOTOR - Methods and systems for controlling an electric motor are provided. An estimated rotor flux angular position error is generated based on estimated back electromotive force (EMF) values, and based on the estimated rotor flux angular position error, an estimated rotor flux angular position, an estimated electrical synchronous frequency and/or an estimated rotor frequency can be generated.07-11-2013
20100308757ALTERNATING-CURRENT MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS - An alternating-current motor control apparatus includes an inverter unit, a current-command divider, a current controller, a torque-variation calculator, and a phase angle generator. The inverter unit is configured to output a command voltage to an alternating-current motor. The current-command divider is configured to divide a command current amplitude into command current components based on a phase-angle command value that is a sum of the phase angle and an alternating current signal. The current controller is configured to control current to match a motor current flowing through the motor with the command current components. The torque-variation calculator is configured to calculate a motor electric power based on the command voltage and either the motor current or the command current components and to calculate a torque variation based on the motor electric power. The phase angle generator is configured to generate a phase angle based on the torque variation.12-09-2010
20130181642METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING AN ELECTRIC MOTOR FOR A VEHICLE - A system and method for calibrating an interior permanent magnet (IPM) motor with an optimized maximum torque per ampere trajectory curve. The system and method use a real-time particle swarm technique that requires less known parameters than standard maximum torque per ampere trajectory techniques.07-18-2013
20110285332CONTROLLER FOR ELECTRICAL MACHINES - The present invention relates to control of electrical machines and in particular, though not exclusively, to control of synchronous machines such as hybrid stepping motors, flux switching machines and brushless permanent magnet motors and generators. A sensorless control system for an electrical machine is provided comprising a rotor, a stator having one or more phase windings for generating a rotating stator magnetic field, the system comprising detection means for monitoring the currents in the phase windings providing a real component I11-24-2011
20110298403Apparatus for carrying out improved control of rotary machine - In an apparatus, a norm setter sets, based on a request torque for a rotary machine and a rotational velocity of a rotor, a norm of a vector of an output voltage in a two-phase rotating coordinate system defined in the rotor. A phase setter sets, based on a deviation between a generated torque and the request torque, a phase of the vector of the output voltage of the power converter in the two-phase rotating coordinate system. A drive signal determiner determines, based on the norm set by the norm setter and the phase set by the phase setter, a drive signal, and applies the drive signal to a switching member to thereby drive the switching member such that the generated torque is adjusted to the request torque.12-08-2011
20130093371MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE THAT CONTROLS d-AXIS CURRENT OF PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR - A motor control device that performs vector control to control a q-axis current and a d-axis current of a permanent magnet synchronous motor independent from each other. The motor control device includes a q-axis current and d-axis current detection unit configured to detect a q-axis current and a d-axis current of a permanent magnet synchronous motor, a q-axis current command value generation unit configured to generate a q-axis current command value, a d-axis current command value generation unit configured to generate a d-axis current command value, in which an amount of rise in the temperature of permanent magnets in a steady state of the permanent magnet synchronous motor is a minimum, and a drive unit configured to drive the permanent magnet synchronous motor.04-18-2013
20130207579METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING ELECTRICAL ANGULAR SPEED OF A PERMANENT MAGNET MACHINE - Methods, systems and apparatus are provided for estimating electrical angular speed of a permanent magnet machine based on two-phase stationary reference frame feedback stator current samples, and a dimensionless gain (K) that is computed based on a sampling time (T) and machine parameters.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Vector control (e.g., dq-axis control, 3-2 phase conversion, etc.)