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257 - Active solid-state devices (e.g., transistors, solid-state diodes)

257001000 - BULK EFFECT DEVICE

257002000 - Bulk effect switching in amorphous material

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DocumentTitleDate
20110198557METHOD FOR FABRICATION OF CRYSTALLINE DIODES FOR RESISTIVE MEMORIES - The present invention, in one embodiment, provides a method of producing a PN junction the method including at least the steps of providing a Si-containing substrate; forming an insulating layer on the Si-containing substrate; forming a via through the insulating layer to expose at least a portion of the Si-containing substrate; forming a seed layer of the exposed portion of the Si containing substrate; forming amorphous Si on at least the seed layer; converting at least a portion of the amorphous Si to provide crystalline Si; and forming a first dopant region abutting a second dopant region in the crystalline Si.08-18-2011
20130043453Nonvolatile Memory Devices that Use Resistance Materials and Internal Electrodes - A nonvolatile memory device, a method of fabricating the nonvolatile memory device and a processing system including the nonvolatile memory device. The nonvolatile memory device may include a plurality of internal electrodes that extend in a direction substantially perpendicular to a face of a substrate, a plurality of first external electrodes that extend substantially in parallel with the face of the substrate, and a plurality of second external electrodes that also extend substantially in parallel with the face of the substrate. Each first external electrode is on a first side of a respective one of the internal electrodes, and each second external electrode is on a second side of a respective one of the internal electrodes. These devices also include a plurality of variable resistors that contact the internal electrodes, the first external electrodes and the second external electrodes.02-21-2013
20130043454Non-volatile resistive switching memories formed using anodization - Non-volatile resistive-switching memories formed using anodization are described. A method for forming a resistive-switching memory element using anodization includes forming a metal containing layer, anodizing the metal containing layer at least partially to form a resistive switching metal oxide, and forming a first electrode over the resistive switching metal oxide. In some examples, an unanodized portion of the metal containing layer may be a second electrode of the memory element.02-21-2013
20130043452Structures And Methods For Facilitating Enhanced Cycling Endurance Of Memory Accesses To Re-Writable Non Volatile Two Terminal Memory Elements - Structures and methods to enhance cycling endurance of BEOL memory elements are disclosed. In some embodiments, a memory element can include a support layer having a smooth and planar upper surface as deposited or as created by additional processing. A first electrode is formed the smooth and planar upper surface. The support layer can be configured to influence the formation of the first electrode to determine a substantially smooth surface of the first electrode. The memory element is formed over the first electrode having the substantially smooth surface, the memory element including one or more layers of an insulating metal oxide (IMO) operative to exchange ions to store a plurality of resistive states. The substantially smooth surface of the first electrode provides for uniform current densities through unit cross-sectional areas of the IMO. The memory element can include one or more layers of a conductive metal oxide (CMO).02-21-2013
20100090192METHOD FOR CONTROLLED FORMATION OF THE RESISTIVE SWITCHING MATERIAL IN A RESISTIVE SWITCHING DEVICE AND DEVICE OBTAINED THEREOF - For improved scalability of resistive switching memories, a cross-point resistive switching structure is disclosed wherein the plug itself is used to store the resistive switching material and where the top electrode layer is self-aligned to the plug using, for example, chemical-mechanical-polishing (CMP) or simply mechanical-polishing.04-15-2010
20090194760Memory element and display device - Disclosed herein is a memory element, including a parallel combination of a thin film transistor; and a resistance change element, the thin film transistor including a semiconductor thin film in which a channel region, and an input terminal and an output terminal located on both sides of the channel region, respectively, are formed, and a gate electrode overlapping the channel region through an insulating film to become a control terminal, the resistance change element including one conductive layer connected to the input terminal side of the thin film transistor, the other conductive layer connected to the output terminal side of the thin film transistor, and at least one oxide film layer disposed between the one conductive layer and the other conductive layer.08-06-2009
20090194759PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE - A phase change memory device is disclosed, including a substrate, a phase change layer over the substrate, a first electrode electrically connecting a first side of the phase change layer, a second electrode electrically connecting a second side of the phase change layer, wherein the phase change layer composes mainly of gallium (Ga), antimony (Sb) and tellurium (Te) and unavoidable impurities, having the composition range of Ga08-06-2009
20090194758HEATING CENTER PCRAM STRUCTURE AND METHODS FOR MAKING - Memory devices are described along with manufacturing methods. A memory device as described herein includes a bottom electrode and a first phase change layer comprising a first phase change material on the bottom electrode. A resistive heater comprising a heater material is on the first phase change material. A second phase change layer comprising a second phase change material is on the resistive heater, and a top electrode is on the second phase change layer. The heater material has a resistivity greater than the most highly resistive states of the first and second phase change materials.08-06-2009
20110186801Nanoscale Switching Device - A nanoscale switching device has an active region containing a switching material capable of carrying a species of dopants and transporting the dopants under an electrical held. The switching device has first, second and third electrodes with nanoscale widths. The active region is disposed between the first and second electrodes. A resistance modifier layer, which has a non-linear voltage-dependent resistance, is disposed between the second and third electrodes.08-04-2011
20080277642Fabrication of Phase-Change Resistor Using a Backend Process - A phase change resistor device has a phase change material (PCM) for which the phase transition occurs inside the PCM and not at the interface with a contact electrode. For ease of manufacturing the PCM is an elongate line structure (11-13-2008
20130075686VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY - A variable resistance memory according to the present embodiment includes a memory cell including an ion source electrode including metal atoms, an opposite electrode, an amorphous silicon film formed between the ion source electrode and the opposite electrode, and a polysilicon film formed between the amorphous silicon film and the ion source electrode.03-28-2013
20080258128PHASE-CHANGEABLE MEMORY DEVICES - A phase-changeable memory device includes a substrate having a contact region on an upper surface thereof. An insulating interlayer on the substrate has an opening therein, and a lower electrode is formed in the opening. The lower electrode has a nitrided surface portion and is in electrical contact with the contact region of the substrate. A phase-changeable material layer pattern is on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode is on the phase-changeable material layer pattern. The insulating interlayer may have a nitrided surface portion and the phase-changeable material layer may be at least partially on the nitrided surface portion of the insulating interlayer. Methods of forming phase-changeable memory devices are also disclosed.10-23-2008
20080258127Precursor, thin layer prepared including the precursor, method of preparing the thin layer and phase-change memory device - A Te precursor containing Te, a 15-group compound (for example, N) and/or a 14-group compound (for example, Si), a method of preparing the Te precursor, a Te-containing chalcogenide thin layer including the Te precursor, a method of preparing the thin layer; and a phase-change memory device. The Te precursor may be deposited at lower temperatures for forming a Te-containing chalcogenide thin layer doped with a 15-group compound (for example, N) and/or a 14-group compound (for example, Si). For example, the Te precursor may employ plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) or plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) at lower deposition temperatures. The GST phase-change layer doped with a 15-group compound (for example, N) and/or a 14-group compound (for example, Si) formed by employing the Te precursor may have a decreased reset current, and thus when a memory device including the same is employed, its integration may be possible, and operation with higher capacity and/or higher speed may be possible.10-23-2008
20080258126Memory Cell Sidewall Contacting Side Electrode - A memory cell includes a memory cell layer over a memory cell access layer. The memory cell access layer comprises a bottom electrode. The memory cell layer comprises a dielectric layer and a side electrode at least partially defining a void with a memory element therein. The memory element comprises a memory material switchable between electrical property states by the application of energy. The memory element is in electrical contact with the side electrode and with the bottom electrode. In some examples the memory element has a pillar shape with a generally constant lateral dimension with the side electrode and the dielectric layer surrounding and in contact with first and second portions of the memory element.10-23-2008
20130075687METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE AND NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE - A method for manufacturing a nonvolatile semiconductor storage device according to an embodiment includes laminating a first wire extending in a first direction, and a film made into a variable resistance element made of a metallic material, which are laminated in order on a semiconductor substrate, dividing, into a plurality of pieces, the film made into the variable resistance element, in the first direction and a second direction, forming an interlayer insulating film between the plurality of pieces formed by dividing the film made into the variable resistance element in the second direction, and oxidizing the metallic material of the film made into the variable resistance element, and laminating an upper electrode and a second wire extending in the second direction, which are laminated in order on the film made into the variable resistance element and the interlayer insulating film.03-28-2013
20110193051RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - Provided are resistance memory devices and methods of forming the same. The resistance memory devices include a first electrode and a second electrode on a substrate, a transition metal oxide layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, an electrolyte layer interposed between the second electrode and the transition metal oxide layer, and conductive bridges having one end that is electrically connected to the second electrode on the electrolyte.08-11-2011
20110193050SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to one embodiment, a semiconductor memory device comprises a substrate, a lower electrode, a variable resistance film, and an upper electrode. The lower electrode is on the substrate. The variable resistance film is on the lower electrode and stores data. The upper electrode is on the variable resistance film. The variable resistance film comprises a first film, and a second film. The first film is on a side of at least one of the upper electrode and the lower electrode and contains a metal. The second film is between the first film and the other electrode and contains the metal and oxygen. A composition ratio [O]/[Me] of oxygen to the metal in the second film is lower than a stoichiometric ratio and higher than the composition ratio [O]/[Me] in the first film. The composition ratio [0]/[Me] changes between the first film and the second film.08-11-2011
20110193049MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - According to one embodiment, a method for manufacturing a memory device is disclosed. The method includes forming a silicon diode. At least an upper portion of the silicon diode is made of a semiconductor material containing silicon and doped with impurity. The method includes forming a metal layer made of a metal on the silicon diode. The method includes forming a metal nitride layer made of a nitride of the metal on the metal layer. The method includes forming a resistance change film. In addition, the method includes reacting the metal layer with the silicon diode and the metal nitride layer by heat treatment to form an electrode film containing the metal, silicon, and nitrogen.08-11-2011
20130037777NON-VOLATILE STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A variable resistance non-volatile storage device includes: a first line which includes a barrier metal layer and a main layer, and fills an inside of a line trench formed in a first interlayer insulating layer; a first electrode covering a top surface of the first line and comprising a precious metal; memory cell holes formed in a second interlayer insulating layer; a variable resistance layer formed in the memory cell holes and connected to the first electrode; and second lines covering the variable resistance layer and the memory cell holes, wherein in an area near the memory cell holes, the main layer is covered with the barrier metal layer and the first electrode in an arbitrary widthwise cross section of the first line.02-14-2013
20100163833ELECTRICAL FUSE DEVICE BASED ON A PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT AND CORRESPONDING PROGRAMMING METHOD - A fuse device has a fuse element provided with a first terminal and a second terminal and an electrically breakable region, which is arranged between the first terminal and the second terminal and is configured to undergo breaking as a result of the supply of a programming electrical quantity, thus electrically separating the first terminal from the second terminal. The electrically breakable region is of a phase-change material, in particular a chalcogenic material, for example GST.07-01-2010
20100163834CONTACT STRUCTURE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, PHASE CHANGEABLE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHASE CHANGEABLE MEMORY DEVICE - A contact structure, a method of manufacturing the same, a phase-changeable memory device having the same, and a method of manufacturing the phase-changeable memory device are described. The phase-changeable memory device includes: an upper electrode, a bit line, and a bit line contact unit. The upper electrode is on a semiconductor substrate having a phase-change pattern. The bit line is on the upper electrode. The bit line contact unit is interposed between the upper electrode and the bit line and electrically couples together the upper electrode to the bit line. The bit line contact unit includes a main conductive layer, a first and second barrier film. The first barrier film surrounds a bottom portion and a side portion of the main conductive layer. The second barrier film is on the main conductive layer.07-01-2010
20090121211 Solution-Based Deposition Process for Metal Chalcogenides - A solution of a hydrazine-based precursor of a metal chalcogenide is prepared by adding an elemental metal and an elemental chalcogen to a hydrazine compound. The precursor solution can be used to form a film. The precursor solutions can be used in preparing field-effect transistors, photovoltaic devices and phase-change memory devices.05-14-2009
20100072452Non-volatile memory device - Provided is a non-volatile memory device having a stacked structure that is easily highly integrated and a method of economically fabricating the non-volatile memory device. The non-volatile memory device may include at least one first electrode and at least one second electrode that cross each other. At least one data storage layer may be disposed on a section where the at least one first electrode and the at least one second electrode cross each other. The at least one first electrode may include a first conductive layer and a first semiconductor layer.03-25-2010
20100072451SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A recording layer 03-25-2010
20100072449RRAM WITH IMPROVED RESISTANCE TRANSFORMATION CHARACTERISTIC AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - A method for fabricating an RRAM is provided. First, a bottom electrode is formed. A resistive layer is formed on the bottom electrode. A top electrode is then formed on the resistive layer, wherein the top electrode is selected from the group consisting of indium tin oxide (ITO) and indium zinc oxide (IZO). Finally, the top electrode is irradiated with UV light.03-25-2010
20100072448PLANAR PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION MEMORY CELLS - Programmable metallization memory cells that have an inert electrode and an active electrode positioned in a non-overlapping manner in relation to a substrate. A fast ion conductor material is in electrical contact with and extends from the inert electrode to the active electrode, the fast ion conductor including superionic clusters extending from the inert electrode to the active electrode. A metal layer extends from the inert electrode to the active electrode, yet is electrically insulated from each of the inert electrode and the active electrode by the fast ion conductor material. Methods for forming programmable metallization cells are also disclosed.03-25-2010
20130075688Semiconductor Memory Device and Manufacturing Method Thereof - A semiconductor memory device includes a first insulating portion. The semiconductor memory device further includes a phase-change material element that contacts the first insulating portion. The semiconductor memory device further includes an electrode that contacts a side surface of the phase-change material element, the side surface of the phase-change material element being not parallel to a top surface of the electrode. The semiconductor memory device further includes a second insulating portion surrounding the phase-change material element.03-28-2013
20090121209SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH TUNABLE ENERGY BAND GAP - The present invention relates to a semiconductor device in which energy band gap can be reversibly varied. An idea of the present invention is to provide a device, which is based on a semiconducting material (05-14-2009
20130082230METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, AND NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT - A variable resistance nonvolatile memory element manufacturing method includes: forming a first electrode on a substrate; forming a first metal oxide layer having a predetermined oxygen content atomic percentage on the first electrode; forming, in at least one part of the first metal oxide layer, a modified layer higher in resistance than the first metal oxide layer, by oxygen deficiency reduction; forming a second metal oxide layer lower in oxygen content atomic percentage than the first metal oxide layer, on the modified layer; and forming a second electrode on the second metal oxide layer. A variable resistance layer includes the first metal oxide layer having the modified layer and the second metal oxide layer, connects to the first electrode and the second electrode, and changes between high and low resistance states according to electrical pulse polarity.04-04-2013
20130082229MIXED IONIC-ELECTRONIC CONDUCTION MEMORY CELL - A mixed ionic-electronic conduction (MIEC) memory cell including a mixed ionic-electronic conductor containing dopants therein, a heater disposed adjacent to the mixed ionic-electronic conductor, a pair of first electrodes electrically connected to the mixed ionic-electronic conductor, and at least one pair of second electrodes electrically connected to the mixed ionic-electronic conductor is provided. The pair of first electrodes drive the dopants in the mixed ionic-electronic conductor to drift along a first direction when the mixed ionic-electronic conductor is heated by the heater. The pair of second electrodes locally modify a distribution of the dopants along a second direction when the mixed ionic-electronic conductor is heated by the heater, and the first direction is different from the second direction.04-04-2013
20090121210FORMATION OF SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS ON SILICON SUBSTRATES - This invention provides a new method of forming a self-assembling monolayer (SAM) of alcohol-terminated or thiol-terminated organic molecules (e.g. ferrocenes, porphyrins, etc.) on a silicon or other group IV element surface. The assembly is based on the formation of an E-O— or an E-S— bond where E is the group IV element (e.g. Si, Ge, etc.). The procedure has been successfully used on both P- and n-type group IV element surfaces. The assemblies are stable under ambient conditions and can be exposed to repeated electrochemical cycling.05-14-2009
20090121212SMALL ELECTRODE FOR PHASE CHANGE MEMORIES - A semiconductor device is disclosed. In one embodiment, the semiconductor device includes a memory cell, which in turn includes an electrode and a phase change material. The electrode may be disposed on a substrate and include a sublithographic lateral dimension parallel to the substrate. The phase change material may be coupled to the electrode and include a lateral dimension parallel to the substrate and greater than the sublithographic lateral dimension of the electrode. Various semiconductor devices and manufacturing methods are also provided.05-14-2009
20100065804PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING MULTIPLE METAL SILICIDE LAYERS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device having multiple metal silicide layers which enhances the current driving capability of switching elements and a method of manufacturing the same are presented. The device also includes switching elements, heaters, stack patterns, top electrodes, bit lines, word line contacts and word lines. The bottom of the switching elements are in electrical contact with the lower metal silicide layer and with an active area of silicon substrate. An upper metal silicide layer is interfaced between the top of the switching elements and the heaters. The stack patterns include phase change layers and top electrodes and are between the heaters and the top electrodes are in electrical contact with the top electrodes. The bit lines contact with the top electrode contacts. The word line contacts to the lower metal silicide film.03-18-2010
20100044670Semiconductor device structures having single-crystalline switching device on conducting lines and methods thereof - A memory device includes a composite dielectric layer overlying a substrate. The composite dielectric layer includes a first dielectric layer, a bonding interface, and a second dielectric layer. The first and the second dielectric layers are bonded together at the bonding interface. A first plurality of conductive lines overlies the combined dielectric layer. One or more semiconductor switching devices formed in a single-crystalline semiconductor layer overlie and are coupled with one of the first plurality of conductive lines. The memory device also has one or more two-terminal memory elements, each of which overlies and is coupled to a corresponding one of the single-crystalline switching device. A second plurality of conductive lines overlies the memory elements. In the memory device, each of the memory elements is coupled to one of the first plurality of conductive lines and one of the second plurality of conductive lines.02-25-2010
20100044671METHODS FOR INCREASING CARBON NANO-TUBE (CNT) YIELD IN MEMORY DEVICES - In some aspects, a method of forming a carbon nano-tube (CNT) memory cell is provided that includes (02-25-2010
20100044672SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY - Manufacturing processes for phase change memory have suffered from the problem of chalcogenide material being susceptible to delamination, since this material exhibits low adhesion to high melting point metals and silicon oxide films. Furthermore, chalcogenide material has low thermal stability and hence tends to sublime during the manufacturing process of phase change memory. According to the present invention, conductive or insulative adhesive layers are formed over and under the chalcogenide material layer to enhance its delamination strength. Further, a protective film made up of a nitride film is formed on the sidewalls of the chalcogenide material layer to prevent sublimation of the chalcogenide material layer.02-25-2010
20130134379RESISTIVE MEMORY USING SIGE MATERIAL - A resistive memory device includes a first electrode; a second electrode having a polycrystalline semiconductor layer that includes silicon; a non-crystalline silicon structure provided between the first electrode and the second electrode. The first electrode, second electrode and non-crystalline silicon structure define a two-terminal resistive memory cell.05-30-2013
20100096612PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING AN INVERSELY TAPERED BOTTOM ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device having an inversely tapered bottom electrode and a method for forming the same is presented. The phase change memory device includes a semiconductor substrate, an insulation layer, a bottom electrode contact and a phase change pattern. The insulation layer includes a bottom electrode contact hole having an insulation sidewall spacer such that the bottom electrode contact hole has an upper portion diameter that is smaller than a lower portion diameter. The bottom electrode contact is formed within the bottom electrode contact hole. The phase change pattern is formed on the bottom electrode contact.04-22-2010
20090159868Phase change material layer and phase change memory device including the same - Provided are a phase change material layer and a phase change random access memory (PRAM) device including the same. By providing a phase change material layer formed of a III-V family material and a chalcogenide, a PRAM device with a set time shorter than that of a conventional PRAM device and improved retention characteristics can be provided.06-25-2009
20100108978PROGRAMMABLE RESISTIVE MEMORY CELL WITH SACRIFICIAL METAL - Programmable metallization memory cells include an electrochemically active electrode and an inert electrode and an ion conductor solid electrolyte material between the electrochemically active electrode and the inert electrode. A sacrificial metal is disposed between the electrochemically active electrode and the inert electrode. The sacrificial metal has a more negative standard electrode potential than the filament forming metal05-06-2010
20100108976ELECTRONIC DEVICES INCLUDING CARBON-BASED FILMS, AND METHODS OF FORMING SUCH DEVICES - Methods in accordance with this invention form microelectronic structures, such as non-volatile memories, that include carbon layers, such as carbon nanotube (“CNT”) films, in a way that protects the CNT film against damage and short-circuiting. Microelectronic structures, such as non-volatile memories, in accordance with this invention are formed in accordance with such techniques.05-06-2010
20100108977NONVOLATILE PROGRAMMABLE SWITCH DEVICE USING PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANURACTURING THE SAME - A nonvolatile programmable switch device using a phase-change memory device and a method of manufacturing the same are provided. The switch device includes a substrate, a first metal electrode layer disposed on the substrate and including a plurality of terminals, a phase-change material layer disposed on the substrate and having a self-heating channel structure, the phase-change material layer having a plurality of introduction regions electrically contacting the terminals of the first metal electrode layer and a channel region interposed between the introduction regions, an insulating layer disposed on the first metal electrode layer and the phase-change material layer, a via hole disposed on the first metal electrode layer, and a second metal electrode layer disposed to fill the via hole. The switch device performs memory operations using resistive heating of a phase-change material without an additional heater electrode, thereby minimizing thermal loss due to thermal conductivity of a metal electrode to reduce power consumption of the switch device.05-06-2010
20100108975NON-VOLATILE MEMORY CELL FORMATION - A method and apparatus for forming a non-volatile memory cell, such as a PMC memory cell. In some embodiments, a first electrode is connected to a source while a second electrode is connected to a ground. An ionic region is located between the first and second electrodes and comprises a doping layer, composite layer, and electrolyte layer. The composite layer has a low resistive state and the electrolyte layer switches from a high resistive state to a low resistive state based on the presence of a filament.05-06-2010
20130026438CURRENT-LIMITING LAYER AND A CURRENT-REDUCING LAYER IN A MEMORY DEVICE - A current-limiting layer and a current-reducing layer are incorporated into a resistive switching memory device to form memory arrays. The incorporated current-limiting layer reduces the occurrence of current spikes during the programming of the resistive switching memory device and the incorporated current-reducing layer minimizes the overall current levels that can flow through the resistive switching memory device. Together, the two incorporated layers help improve device performance and lifetime.01-31-2013
20130026440NANOSCALE SWITCHING DEVICES WITH PARTIALLY OXIDIZED ELECTRODES - A nanoscale switching device is provided. The device comprises: a first electrode of a nanoscale width; a second electrode of a nanoscale width; an active region disposed between the first and second electrodes, the active region having a non-conducting portion comprising an electronically semiconducting or nominally insulating and a weak ionic conductor switching material capable of carrying a species of dopants and transporting the dopants under an electric field and a source portion that acts as a source or sink for the dopants; and an oxide layer either formed on the first electrode, between the first electrode and the active region or formed on the second electrode, between the second electrode and the active region. A crossbar array comprising a plurality of the nanoscale switching devices is also provided. A process for making at least one nanoscale switching device is further provided.01-31-2013
20130026437RESISTANCE VARIABLE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A method for fabricating a resistance variable memory device, includes: providing a substrate having first contacts and second contacts, where the second contacts do not overlap the first contacts; forming a line pattern over the substrate, the line pattern overlapping a first line and including a stacked structure of a first electrode, a resistor, and a second electrode; forming a first contact hole to expose the second contact; forming an insulating spacer on a sidewall of the first contact hole; forming a third contact to fill the first contact hole having the insulating spacer formed therein; and forming a third electrode over the third contact such that the third electrode overlaps a second line extending in a second direction and is cut open over the first contact, where the first and second contacts are alternately arranged on the second line.01-31-2013
20130026439SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - Provided are semiconductor devices and methods of fabricating the same. The device may include lower interconnection lines, upper interconnection lines crossing the lower interconnection lines, selection elements disposed at intersections, respectively, of the lower and upper interconnection lines, and memory elements interposed between the selection elements and the upper interconnection lines, respectively. Each of the selection elements may be realized using a semiconductor pattern having a first sidewall, in which a first lower width is smaller than a first upper width, and a second sidewall, in which a second lower width is greater than a second upper width, the first and second sidewalls crossing each other.01-31-2013
20130026436PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELECTRODE WITH SHEATH FOR REDUCED PROGRAMMING CURRENT - An example embodiment is a phase change memory cell that includes a bottom contact and an electrically insulating layer disposed over the bottom contact. The electrically insulating layer defines an elongated via. Furthermore, a bottom electrode is disposed at least partially in the via. The bottom electrode includes a sleeve of a first electrically conductive material surrounding a rod of a second electrically conductive material. The first electrically conductive material and the second electrically conductive material have different specific electrical resistances. The memory cell also includes a phase change layer electrically coupled to the first electrode.01-31-2013
20130082231SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A semiconductor device includes multilayer interconnects and two variable resistance elements (04-04-2013
20130082228Memory Device Using Multiple Tunnel Oxide Layers - A memory element (ME) including at least one layer of conductive metal oxide (CMO) that includes mobile oxygen ions and including at least two layers of insulating metal oxide (IMO) is disclosed. In one configuration a layer of IMO that is directly in contact with a CMO layer is specifically selected so that a material of the IMO layer is non-reactive with a material of the CMO. In another configuration, at least one pair of adjacent IMO layers are made from materials having different band gaps operative to an generate an internal electric field positioned in the layers and present in the at least two adjacent IMO layers in the absence of electrical power. The internal electric field can be a static electric field. The IMO and/or CMO layers can be deposited in part or in whole using ALD, PEALD, or nano-deposition. The ME can be formed BEOL.04-04-2013
20120211722THREE-DIMENSIONAL MEMORY ARRAY STACKING STRUCTURE - A memory device includes a planar substrate, a plurality of horizontal conductive planes above the planar substrate, and a plurality of horizontal insulating layers interleaved with the plurality of horizontal conductive planes. An array of vertical conductive columns, perpendicular to the pluralities of conductive planes and insulating layers, passes through apertures in the pluralities of conductive planes and insulating layers. The memory device includes a plurality of programmable memory elements, each of which couples one of the horizontal conductive planes to a respective vertical conductive column.08-23-2012
20130087756HEAT SHIELD LINER IN A PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL - A memory cell structure and method to form such structure. An example memory cell includes a bottom electrode formed within a substrate. The memory cell also includes a phase change memory element in contact with the bottom electrode. The memory cell includes a liner laterally surrounding the phase change memory element. The liner includes dielectric material that is thermally conductive and electrically insulating. The memory cell includes an insulating dielectric layer laterally surrounding the liner. The insulating dielectric layer includes material having a lower thermal conductivity than that of the liner.04-11-2013
20130087757RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method of manufacturing a resistive memory device is provided. A bottom electrode and a cup-shaped electrode connected to the bottom electrode are formed in an insulating layer. A cover layer extends along a first direction is formed and covers a first area surrounded by the cup-shaped electrode and exposes a second area and a third area surrounded by the cup-shaped electrode. A sacrificial layer is formed above the insulating layer. A stacked layer extends along a second direction and covers the second area surrounded by the cup-shaped electrode and a portion of the corresponding cover layer is formed. A conductive spacer material layer is formed on the stacked layer and the sacrificial layer. By using the sacrificial layer as an etch stop layer, the conductive spacer material layer is etched to form a conductive spacer at the sidewall of the stacked layer.04-11-2013
20120181500NON-VOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A non-volatile semiconductor memory device comprises a plurality of memory cell holes (07-19-2012
20090045387Resistively switching semiconductor memory - One embodiment provides a non-volatile semiconductor memory with CBRAM memory cells at which there exists, between the Ag-doped GeSe layer and the Ag top electrode, a chemically inert barrier layer improving the switching properties of the CBRAM memory cell. The active matrix material layer of the memory cell includes a GeSe/Ge:H double layer with a vitreous GeSe layer and an amorphous Ge:H layer. The amorphous Ge:H layer is positioned between the GeSe layer and the second electrode. Thus, the forming of AgSe conglomerates in the Ag doping and/or electrode layer is inhibited, so that precipitations are prevented and a homogeneous deposition of the silver doping layer is enabled. By means of the GeSe/Ge:H double layer system, the resistive non-volatile storage effect of the CBRAM memory cell is, on the one hand, preserved and, on the other hand, the chemical stability of the top electrode positioned thereabove is ensured by means of the thin Ge:H layer.02-19-2009
20100006814PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT - A phase-change memory cell is proposed. The phase-change memory includes a bottom electrode; a phase-change spacer formed to contact the bottom electrode; an electrical conductive layer having a vertical portion and a horizontal portion, wherein the electrical conductive layer electrically connects to the phase-change spacer via the horizontal portion; and a top electrode electrically connected to the electrical conductive layer via the vertical portion of the electrically conductive layer.01-14-2010
20100006813PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION MEMORY CELLS VIA SELECTIVE CHANNEL FORMING - A programmable metallization memory cell that has an apertured insulating layer comprising at least one aperture therethrough positioned between the active electrode and the inert electrode. Superionic clusters are present within the at least one aperture, and may extend past the at least one aperture. Also, methods for making a programmable metallization memory cell are disclosed.01-14-2010
20100327253NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a variable resistance layer includes a mixture of a first compound and a second compound. The first compound includes carbon (C) as well as at least one element selected from a group of elements G12-30-2010
20100133501SWITCHING ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SWITCHING ELEMENT - A switching element of the present invention utilizes electro-chemical reactions to operate, and comprises ion conductive layer 06-03-2010
20090302300PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING DECREASED CONTACT RESISTANCE OF HEATER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device includes a silicon substrate having cell and peripheral regions. A first insulation layer with a plurality of holes is formed in the cell region. Recessed cell switching elements are formed in the holes. Heat sinks are formed in the holes in which the cell switching elements are formed, and the heat sinks project out of the first insulation layer. A gate is formed in the peripheral region and has a stack structure of a gate insulation layer, a first gate conductive layer, a second gate conductive layer, and a hard mask layer. A second insulation layer is formed on the surface of the silicon substrate. The second insulation layer has contact holes exposing the heat sinks. Heaters are formed in the contact holes, and stack patterns of a phase change layer and a top electrode are formed on the heaters.12-10-2009
20090302299PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING A WORD LINE CONTACT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device having a word line contact includes an N+ base layer formed in a surface of a semiconductor substrate. A word line is formed over the N+ base layer. The word line contact is formed to connect the N+ base layer to the word line. The word line contact includes a first contact plug, a barrier layer formed on the first contact plug, and a second contact plug formed on the barrier layer coaxially with the first contact plug. The barrier layer prevents unwanted etching of the first contact plug when the second contact plug is being formed.12-10-2009
20090302298Forming sublithographic phase change memory heaters - A phase change memory may be formed with a sublithographic heater by using a mask with a sidewall spacer to etch an opening in a dielectric layer. The opening then has a sublithographic lateral extent. The resulting via may be filled with a heater material to form a sublithographic heater.12-10-2009
20090302302METAL OXIDE RESISTIVE MEMORY AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - Disclosed is a metal-metal oxide resistive memory device including a lower conductive layer pattern disposed in a substrate. An insulation layer is formed over the substrate, including a contact hole to partially expose the upper surface of the lower conductive layer pattern. The contact hole is filled with a carbon nanotube grown from the lower conductive layer pattern. An upper electrode and a transition-metal oxide layer made of a 2-components material are formed over the carbon nanotube and the insulation layer. The metal-metal oxide resistive memory device is adaptable to high integration and operable with relatively small power consumption by increasing the resistance therein.12-10-2009
20090302301RESISTANCE RAM DEVICE HAVING A CARBON NANO-TUBE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A resistance RAM (ReRAM) device and method of manufacturing the same are presented. The ReRAM exhibits an improved set resistance distribution and an improved reset resistance distribution. The ReRAM device includes a lower electrode contact that has at least one carbon nano-tube; and a binary oxide layer formed over the lower electrode contact. The binary oxide layer is for storing information in accordance to two different resistance states of the binary oxide layer.12-10-2009
20120217465NON-VOLATILE PROGRAMMABLE DEVICE INCLUDING PHASE CHANGE LAYER AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF - Provided is a non-volatile programmable device including a first terminal, a first threshold switching layer connected to part of the first terminal, a phase change layer connected to the first threshold switching layer, a second threshold switching layer connected to the phase change layer, a second terminal connected to the second threshold switching layer, and third and fourth terminals respectively connected to a side portion of the phase change layer and the other side portion opposite to the side portion of the phase change layer.08-30-2012
20120217464NONVOLATILE STORAGE DEVICE - A nonvolatile storage device is formed by laminating a plurality of memory cell arrays, the memory cell array including a plurality of word lines, a plurality of bit lines, and memory cells. The memory cell includes a current rectifying device and a variable resistance device, the variable resistance device includes a lower electrode, an upper electrode, and a resistance change layer including a conductive nano material formed between the lower electrode and the upper electrode, one of the variable resistance devices provided adjacent to each other in the laminating direction has titanium oxide (TiOx) between the resistance change layer and the lower electrode serving as a cathode, the other of the variable resistance devices provided adjacent to each other in the laminating direction has titanium oxide (TiOx) between the resistance change layer and the upper electrode serving as a cathode.08-30-2012
20120217463SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A method of forming a semiconductor memory device comprises a step of forming an electrode pattern extending in a first direction on a substrate, a step of forming a pair of mask patterns on the electrode pattern, the mask patterns extending a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, a step of partially etching the electrode pattern using the pair of mask patterns as etch masks to form a first recessed region in the electrode pattern, a step of forming a pair of sidewall spacers on either inner sidewalls of the first recessed region, a step of etching the electrode pattern of the first recessed region using the pair of sidewall spacers as etch masks to form a heating electrode contacting the pair of sidewall spacers, and a step of forming a variable resistive pattern on the heating electrode.08-30-2012
20130056702ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF METAL OXIDE MATERIALS FOR MEMORY APPLICATIONS - Embodiments of the invention generally relate to nonvolatile memory devices, such as a ReRAM cells, and methods for manufacturing such memory devices, which includes optimized, atomic layer deposition (ALD) processes for forming metal oxide film stacks. The metal oxide film stacks contain a metal oxide coupling layer disposed on a metal oxide host layer, each layer having different grain structures/sizes. The interface disposed between the metal oxide layers facilitates oxygen vacancy movement. In many examples, the interface is a misaligned grain interface containing numerous grain boundaries extending parallel to the electrode interfaces, in contrast to the grains in the bulk film extending perpendicular to the electrode interfaces. As a result, oxygen vacancies are trapped and released during switching without significant loss of vacancies. Therefore, the metal oxide film stacks have improved switching performance and reliability during memory cell applications compared to traditional hafnium oxide based stacks of previous memory cells.03-07-2013
20130056701NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, AND NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A nonvolatile memory element including a resistance variable element configured to reversibly change between a low-resistance state and a high-resistance state in response to electric signals with different polarities; and a current controlling element configured such that when a current flowing when a voltage whose absolute value is a first value which is larger than 0 and smaller than a predetermined voltage value and whose polarity is a first polarity is applied is a first current and a current flowing when a voltage whose absolute value is the first value and whose polarity is a second polarity is applied is a second current, the first current is higher than the second current, and the resistance variable element is connected with the current controlling element such that the first polarity voltage is applied to the current controlling element when the resistance variable element changes from the low-resistance to the high-resistance state.03-07-2013
20130056700DEFECT GRADIENT TO BOOST NONVOLATILE MEMORY PERFORMANCE - Embodiments of the present invention generally relate to a resistive switching nonvolatile memory element that is formed in a resistive switching memory device that may be used in a memory array to store digital data. The memory element is generally constructed as a metal-insulator-metal stack. The resistive switching portion of the memory element includes a getter portion and/or a defect portion. In general, the getter portion is an area of the memory element that is used to help form, during the resistive switching memory device's fabrication process, a region of the resistive switching layer that has a greater number of vacancies or defects as compared to the remainder of resistive switching layer. The defect portion is an area of the memory element that has a greater number of vacancies or defects as compared to the remainder of the resistive switching layer, and is formed during the resistive switching memory device's fabrication process. The addition of the getter or defect portions in a formed memory device generally improves the reliability of the resistive switching memory device, improves the switching characteristics of the formed memory device and can eliminate or reduce the need for the time consuming additional post fabrication “burn-in” or pre-programming steps.03-07-2013
20120112154IN VIA FORMED PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL WITH RECESSED PILLAR HEATER - A method for fabricating a phase change memory device including a plurality of in via phase change memory cells includes forming pillar heaters formed of a conductive material along a contact surface of a substrate corresponding to each of an array of conductive contacts to be connected to access circuitry, forming a dielectric layer along exposed areas of the substrate surrounding the pillar heaters, forming an interlevel dielectric (ILD) layer above the dielectric layer, etching a via to the dielectric layer, each via corresponding to each of pillar heater such that an upper surface of each pillar heater is exposed within each via, recessing each pillar heater, depositing phase change material in each via on each recessed pillar heater, recessing the phase change material within each via, and forming a top electrode within the via on the phase change material.05-10-2012
20130062589RESISTANCE CHANGE MEMORY - A resistance change memory includes a first conductive line extending in a first direction, a second conductive line extending in a second direction which is crossed to the first direction, a cell unit including a memory element and a rectification connected in series between the first and second conductive lines, and a control circuit which is connected to both of the first and second conductive lines. The control circuit controls a value of voltage which is applied to the memory element to change a resistance of the memory element reversibly between first and second values. The rectification includes a p-type semiconductor layer, an n-type semiconductor layer and an intrinsic semiconductor layer therebetween. The rectification has a first diffusion prevention area in the intrinsic semiconductor layer.03-14-2013
20090267047SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention can promote the large capacity, high performance and high reliability of a semiconductor memory device by realizing high-performance of both the semiconductor device and a memory device when the semiconductor memory device is manufactured by stacking a memory device such as ReRAM or the phase change memory and the semiconductor device. After a polysilicon forming a selection device is deposited in an amorphous state at a low temperature, the crystallization of the polysilicon and the activation of impurities are briefly performed with heat treatment by laser annealing. When laser annealing is performed, the recording material located below the silicon subjected to the crystallization is completely covered with a metal film or with the metal film and an insulating film, thereby making it possible to suppress a temperature increase at the time of performing the annealing and to reduce the thermal load of the recording material.10-29-2009
20130062587Resistive Switching Devices Having Alloyed Electrodes And Methods of Formation Thereof - In accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, a resistive switching device comprises a bottom electrode, a switching layer disposed over the bottom electrode, and a top electrode disposed over the switching layer. The top electrode comprises an alloy of a memory metal and an alloying element. The top electrode provides a source of the memory metal. The memory metal is configured to change a state of the switching layer.03-14-2013
20130062588NONVOLATILE SEMICOCDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A nonvolatile semiconductor memory device has a first wire, a second wire, and a memory cell electrically coupled to the first wire at one end and to the second wire at the other end. The memory cell has a resistance change layer to store information by changing a resistance value and a first electrode and a second electrode coupled to both ends of the resistance change layer and not containing a precious metal. The first electrode includes an outside electrode and an interface electrode formed between the outside electrode and the resistance change layer. The thickness of the interface electrode is less than the thickness of the outside electrode. The resistivity of the interface electrode is higher than the resistivity of the outside electrode. The resistance value of the first electrode is lower than the resistance value of the resistance change layer in a low resistance state.03-14-2013
20130062586Semiconductor Device and Manufacturing Method Thereof - This invention discloses a semiconductor device and its manufacturing method. According to the method, a stop layer is deposited on a step-shaped bottom electrode, and then a first insulating layer is deposited through a high aspect ratio process. A first chemical mechanical polishing is performed until the stop layer. A second chemical mechanical polishing is then performed to remove the upper horizontal portion of the bottom electrode. Then, a phase-change material can be formed on the vertical portion of the bottom electrode to form a phase-change element. Through arranging a stop layer, the chemical mechanical polishing process is divided into two stages. Thus, during the second chemical mechanical polishing process preformed on the bottom electrode, polishing process can be precisely controlled to avoid the unnecessary loss of the bottom electrode.03-14-2013
20120223285RESISTIVE MEMORY CELL FABRICATION METHODS AND DEVICES - A phase change memory cell and methods of fabricating the same are presented. The memory cell includes a variable resistance region and a top and bottom electrode. The shapes of the variable resistance region and the top electrode are configured to evenly distribute a current with a generally hemispherical current density distribution around the first electrode.09-06-2012
20120223284VARIABLE RESISTIVE ELEMENT, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING THE VARIABLE RESISTIVE ELEMENT - A variable resistive element configured to reduce a forming voltage while reducing a variation in forming voltage among elements, a method for producing it, and a highly integrated nonvolatile semiconductor memory device provided with the variable resistive element are provided. The variable resistive element includes a resistance change layer (first metal oxide film) and a control layer (second metal oxide film) having contact with a first electrode sandwiched between the first electrode and a second electrode. The control layer includes a metal oxide film having a low work function (4.5 eV or less) and capable of extracting oxygen from the resistance change layer. The first electrode includes a metal having a low work function similar to the above metal, and a material having oxide formation free energy higher than that of an element included in the control layer, to prevent oxygen from being thermally diffused from the control layer.09-06-2012
20110012083PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL STRUCTURE - A memory cell described herein includes a memory element comprising programmable resistance memory material overlying a conductive contact. An insulator element includes a pipe shaped portion extending from the conductive contact into the memory element, the pipe shaped portion having proximal and distal ends and an inside surface defining an interior, the proximal end adjacent the conductive contact. A bottom electrode contacts the conductive contact and extends upwardly within the interior from the proximal end to the distal end, the bottom electrode having a top surface contacting the memory element adjacent the distal end at a first contact surface. A top electrode is separated from the distal end of the pipe shaped portion by the memory element and contacts the memory element at a second contact surface, the second contact surface having a surface area greater than that of the first contact surface.01-20-2011
20130161582CONDUCTIVE BRIDGING MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - According to one embodiment, a conductive bridging memory device includes a first wiring layer having a plurality of first wiring portions extending in a first direction, a second wiring layer having a plurality of second wiring portions extending in a second direction crossing the first direction, and a resistance change layer provided continuously along a plane having the first direction and the second direction between the first wiring layer and the second wiring layer. Each of the first wiring portions includes a first wiring extending in the first direction. Each of the second wiring portions includes a second wiring extending in the second direction, and an ion metal layer provided between the second wiring and the resistance change layer and extending in the second direction.06-27-2013
20120193599PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL ARRAY WITH SELF-CONVERGED BOTTOM ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING - An array of phase change memory cells is manufactured by forming a separation layer over an array of contacts, forming a patterning layer on the separation layer and forming an array of mask openings in the patterning layer using lithographic process. Etch masks are formed within the mask openings by a process that compensates for variation in the size of the mask openings that result from the lithographic process. The etch masks are used to etch through the separation layer to define an array of electrode openings exposing the underlying contacts. Electrode material is deposited within the electrode openings; and memory elements are formed over the bottom electrodes. Finally, bit lines are formed over the memory elements to complete the memory cells. In the resulting memory array, the critical dimension of the top surface of bottom electrode varies less than the width of the memory elements in the mask openings.08-02-2012
20090236583Method of fabricating a phase change memory and phase change memory - The present invention relates to a phase change memory and a method of fabricating a phase change memory. The phase change memory includes a heater structure disposed on a phase change material pattern, wherein the heater structure is in a tapered shape with a bottom portion contacting the phase change material pattern. The fabrication of the phase change memory is compatible with the fabrication of logic devices, and accordingly an embedded phase change memory can be fabricated.09-24-2009
20090039337MEMORY ELEMENT AND MEMORY DEVICE - A memory element having a storage layer containing an ion source layer between a first electrode and a second electrode is provided. The memory element stores information by changing an electrical characteristic of the storage layer, wherein at least Zr is added to the ion source layer as a metal element together with an ion conducting material.02-12-2009
20130214240Memory Device with a Textured Lowered Electrode - Embodiments of the invention generally relate to memory devices and methods for manufacturing such memory devices. In one embodiment, a method for forming a memory device with a textured electrode is provided and includes forming a silicon oxide layer on a lower electrode disposed on a substrate, forming metallic particles on the silicon oxide layer, wherein the metallic particles are separately disposed from each other on the silicon oxide layer. The method further includes etching between the metallic particles while removing a portion of the silicon oxide layer and forming troughs within the lower electrode, removing the metallic particles and remaining silicon oxide layer by a wet etch process while revealing peaks separated by the troughs disposed on the lower electrode, forming a metal oxide film stack within the troughs and over the peaks of the lower electrode, and forming an upper electrode over the metal oxide film stack.08-22-2013
20130069031MULTILEVEL RESISTIVE MEMORY HAVING LARGE STORAGE CAPACITY - The present invention discloses a multilevel resistive memory having large storage capacity, which belongs to a field of a fabrication technology of a resistive memory. The resistive memory includes an top electrode and a bottom electrode, and a combination of a plurality of switching layers and defective layers interposed between the top electrode and the bottom electrode, wherein, the top electrode and the bottom electrode are respectively contacted with a switching layer (a film such as Ta03-21-2013
20130069030RESISTIVE MEMORY CELL INCLUDING INTEGRATED SELECT DEVICE AND STORAGE ELEMENT - Resistive memory cells including an integrated select device and storage element and methods of forming the same are described herein. As an example, a resistive memory cell can include a select device structure including a Schottky interface, and a storage element integrated with the select device structure such that an electrode corresponding to the Schottky interface serves as a first electrode of the storage element. The storage element can include a storage material formed between the first electrode and a second electrode.03-21-2013
20090008623Methods of fabricating nonvolatile memory device and a nonvolatile memory device - Methods of fabricating a nonvolatile memory device using a resistance material and a nonvolatile memory device are provided. According to example embodiments, a method of fabricating a nonvolatile memory device may include forming at least one semiconductor pattern on a substrate, forming a metal layer on the at least one semiconductor pattern, forming a mixed-phase metal silicide layer, in which at least two phases coexist, by performing at least one heat treatment on the substrate so that the at least one semiconductor pattern may react with the metal layer, and exposing the substrate to an etching gas.01-08-2009
20090001346Non-Volatile Polymer Bistability Memory Device - The present invention relates to non-volatile memory device utilizing multi-layered self-assembled Ni1-xFex nanocrystalline arrays embedded in a polymer thin film without source and drain regions and the fabrication method thereof. It is possible to fabricate nano-crystallines more simply than hitherto method according to the present invention. More particularly, it is possible to control size and density of nano-crystallines without agglomeration of the crystallines since the crystallines, which have uniform distribution, are besieged to polymer layer. Furthermore, the present invention provides the non-volatile bistable memory device having chemical and electrical stability of higher efficiency and lower cost than conventional flash memory devices with a nano floating gate. Also, source and drain region is unnecessary in the device of the present invention, it can reduce the throughput time and cost.01-01-2009
20120235111NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT HAVING A TANTALUM OXIDE VARIABLE RESISTANCE LAYER - A nonvolatile memory apparatus includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a variable resistance layer, a resistance value of the variable resistance layer reversibly varying between a plurality of resistance states based on an electric signal applied between the electrodes. The variable resistance layer includes at least a tantalum oxide, and is configured to satisfy 009-20-2012
20120235110PHASE-CHANGE MATERIAL AND PHASE-CHANGE TYPE MEMORY DEVICE - A phase-change material, which has a high crystallization temperature and is superior in thermal stability of the amorphous phase, which has a composition of the general chemical formula Ge09-20-2012
20120235109NON-VOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF NON-VOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a memory cell includes a resistance change layer, an upper electrode layer, a lower electrode layer, a diode layer, a first oxide film, and a second oxide film. The upper electrode layer is arranged above the resistance change layer. The lower electrode layer is arranged below the resistance change layer. The diode layer is arranged above the upper electrode layer or below the lower electrode layer. The first oxide film exists on a side wall of at least one electrode layer of the upper electrode layer or the lower electrode layer. The second oxide film exists on a side wall of the diode layer. The film thickness of the first oxide film is thicker than a film thickness of the second oxide film.09-20-2012
20120104346SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOR PROVIDING HEAT MANAGEMENT - A semiconductor device for providing heat management may include a first electrode with low metal thermal conductivity and a second electrode with low metal thermal conductivity. A metal oxide structure which includes a transition metal oxide (TMO) may be electrically coupled to the first electrode and second electrode and the metal oxide structure may be disposed between the first electrode and second electrode. An electrically insulating sheath with low thermal conductivity may surround the metal oxide structure.05-03-2012
20130207067VERTICAL SELECTION TRANSISTOR, MEMORY CELL, AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL MEMORY ARRAY STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - The present disclosure discloses a vertical selection transistor, a memory cell having the vertical selection transistor, a three-dimensional memory array structure and a method for fabricating the three-dimensional memory array structure. The vertical selection transistor comprises: an upper electrode; a lower electrode; a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer, a third semiconductor layer and a fourth semiconductor layer vertically stacked between the lower electrode and the upper electrode; and a gate stack formed on a side of the second semiconductor layer, in which the first semiconductor layer and the third semiconductor layer are first type doped layers, the second semiconductor layer and the fourth semiconductor layer are second type doped layers, and a doping concentration of the second semiconductor layer is lower than that of the first semiconductor layer or that of the third semiconductor layer respectively.08-15-2013
20120091426RESISTANCE-VARIABLE ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A resistance-variable element as disclosed has high reliability, high densification, and good insulating properties. The device provides a resistance-variable element in which a first electrode including a metal primarily containing copper, an oxide film of valve-metal, an ion-conductive layer containing oxygen and a second electrode are laminated in this order.04-19-2012
20090065759SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A non-volatile memory semiconductor device and a method for fabricating the same are disclosed. The semiconductor device includes a PN junction diode formed over a semiconductor substrate. Insulating films may be formed over the PN junction diode and patterned to have via holes. A resistive random access memory including a first metal pattern may be in contact with a first region of the PN junction diode. An oxide film pattern may be formed over the first metal pattern and a second metal pattern formed over the oxide film pattern. The first metal pattern, the oxide film pattern and the second metal pattern may be formed in the via holes.03-12-2009
20130009126PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELLS AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A programmable metallization cell (PMC) that includes an active electrode; a nanoporous layer disposed on the active electrode, the nanoporous layer comprising a plurality of nanopores and a dielectric material; and an inert electrode disposed on the nanoporous layer. Other embodiments include forming the active electrode from silver iodide, copper iodide, silver sulfide, copper sulfide, silver selenide, or copper selenide and applying a positive bias to the active electrode that causes silver or copper to migrate into the nanopores. Methods of formation are also disclosed.01-10-2013
20110278531Forming Electrodes for Chalcogenide Containing Devices - The electrode of a phase change memory may be formed with a mixture of metal and a non-metal, the electrode having less nitrogen atoms than metal atoms. Thus, in some embodiments, at least a portion of the electrode has less nitrogen than would be the case in a metal nitride. The mixture can include metal and nitrogen or metal and silicon, as two examples. Such material may have good adherence to chalcogenide with lower reactivity than may be the case with metal nitrides.11-17-2011
20110001114PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL WITH SELF-ALIGNED VERTICAL HEATER AND LOW RESISTIVITY INTERFACE - A low resistivity interface material is provided between a self-aligned vertical heater element and a contact region of a selection device. A phase change chalcogenide material is deposited directly on the vertical heater element. In an embodiment, the vertical heater element in L-shaped, having a curved vertical wall along the wordline direction and a horizontal base. In an embodiment, the low resistivity interface material is deposited into a trench with a negative profile using a PVD technique. An upper surface of the low resistivity interface material may have a tapered bird-beak extension.01-06-2011
20090189140PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT - A phase-change memory element with side-wall contacts is disclosed. The phase-change memory element comprises a bottom electrode. A first dielectric layer is formed on the bottom electrode. A first electrical contact is formed on the first dielectric layer and electrically connects to the bottom electrode. A second dielectric layer is formed on the first electrical contact. A second electrical contact is formed on the second dielectric layer, wherein the second electrical contact comprises an outstanding terminal. An opening passes through the second electrical contact, the second dielectric layer, and the first electrical contact. A phase-change material occupies at least one portion of the opening. A third dielectric layer is formed on and covers the second electrical contact, exposing a top surface of outstanding terminal. A top electrode is formed on the third dielectric layer, contacting the outstanding terminal.07-30-2009
20080283817PHASE-CHANGE NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE USING Sb-Zn ALLOY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Provided are a phase-change nonvolatile memory device and a manufacturing method thereof. The device includes: a substrate; and a stack structure disposed on the substrate and including a phase-change material layer. The phase-change material layer is formed of an alloy of antimony (Sb) and zinc (Zn), so that the phase-change memory device can stably operate at high speed and reduce power consumption.11-20-2008
20120138884PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION MEMORY CELL WITH PLANARIZED SILVER ELECTRODE - Programmable metallization memory cells having a planarized silver electrode and methods of forming the same are disclosed. The programmable metallization memory cells include a first metal contact and a second metal contact, an ion conductor solid electrolyte material is between the first metal contact and the second metal contact, and either a silver alloy doping electrode separates the ion conductor solid electrolyte material from the first metal contact or the second metal contact, or a silver doping electrode separates the ion conductor solid electrolyte material from the first metal contact. The silver electrode includes a silver layer and a metal seed layer separating the silver layer from the first metal contact.06-07-2012
20110127486Phase-change memory device, phase-change channel transistor and memory cell array - A phase-change channel transistor includes a first electrode; a second electrode; a memory layer provided between the first and second electrodes; and a third electrode provided for the memory layer with an insulating film interposed therebetween, wherein the memory layer includes at least a first layer formed from a phase-change material which is stable in either an amorphous phase or a crystalline phase at room temperature and a second layer formed from a resistive material, and wherein the resistance value of the second layer is smaller than the resistance value of the first layer in the amorphous phase, but is larger than the resistance value of the first layer in the crystalline phase.06-02-2011
20100252796RESISTANCE CHANGE ELEMENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - In a resistance change element (ReRAM) storing data by utilizing change in resistance of a resistance change element, the resistance change element is configured of a lower electrode made of a noble metal such as Pt, a transition metal film made of a transition metal such as Ni, a transition metal oxide film made of a transition metal oxide such as NiOx, and a lower electrode made of a noble metal such as Pt.10-07-2010
20120187362Phase Change Memory Cell Structure - A memory cell described herein includes a memory element comprising programmable resistance memory material overlying a conductive contact. An insulator element includes a pipe shaped portion extending from the conductive contact into the memory element, the pipe shaped portion having proximal and distal ends and an inside surface defining an interior, the proximal end adjacent the conductive contact. A bottom electrode contacts the conductive contact and extends upwardly within the interior from the proximal end to the distal end, the bottom electrode having a top surface contacting the memory element adjacent the distal end at a first contact surface. A top electrode is separated from the distal end of the pipe shaped portion by the memory element and contacts the memory element at a second contact surface, the second contact surface having a surface area greater than that of the first contact surface.07-26-2012
20100171090Semiconductor phase-change memory device - A semiconductor phase-change memory device comprises a data line disposed on a semiconductor substrate and a data storage structure disposed under the data line and having a concave portion extending in a direction along the data line. A data contact structure is configured to contact the data storage structure, and having a lower portion filling the concave portion of the data storage structure and an upper portion surrounding at least a lower portion of the data line. Each of sidewalls of the data storage structure is disposed at substantially the same plane as a corresponding one of sidewalls of the upper portion of the data contact structure.07-08-2010
20110315947PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELL STRUCTURE INCLUDING AN INTEGRATED DIODE, DEVICE INCLUDING THE STRUCTURE, AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME - A microelectronic programmable structure suitable for storing information and array including the structure and methods of forming and programming the structure are disclosed. The programmable structure generally includes an ion conductor and a plurality of electrodes. Electrical properties of the structure may be altered by applying energy to the structure, and thus information may be stored using the structure.12-29-2011
20090206317PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method for manufacturing a phase change memory device includes steps of forming a first encapsulation layer on a semiconductor substrate having a bottom electrode contact and a phase change material layer stack structure contacting the bottom electrode contact, and forming a plurality of encapsulation spacers on sidewalls of the phase change material layer stack structure using a spacer etching process.08-20-2009
20090206316INTEGRATED CIRCUIT INCLUDING U-SHAPED ACCESS DEVICE - An integrated circuit includes a U-shaped access device and a first line coupled to a first side of the access device. The integrated circuit includes a contact coupled to a second side of the access device and self-aligned dielectric material isolating the first line from the contact.08-20-2009
20090206315INTEGRATED CIRCUIT INCLUDING U-SHAPED ACCESS DEVICE - An integrated circuit includes a first contact, a second contact, and a U-shaped access device coupled to the first contact and the second contact. The integrated circuit includes self-aligned dielectric material isolating the first contact from the second contact.08-20-2009
20120104345MEMRISTIVE DEVICES WITH LAYERED JUNCTIONS AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - Memristor systems and method for fabricating memristor system are disclosed. In one aspect, a memristor includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a junction disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The junction includes at least one layer such that each layer has a plurality of dopant sub-layers disposed between insulating sub-layers. The sub-layers are oriented substantially parallel to the first and second electrodes.05-03-2012
20110284816NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE, NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT - A nonvolatile memory element comprises a first electrode (11-24-2011
20110284815PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICES HAVING STRESS RELIEF BUFFERS - A memory device includes a substrate and a memory cell including a first electrode on the substrate, a phase-change material region on the first electrode and a second electrode on the phase-change material region opposite the first electrode. The memory device further includes a stress relief buffer adjacent a sidewall of the phase-change material region between the first and second electrodes. In some embodiments, the stress relief buffer includes a stress relief region contacting the sidewall of the phase-change material region. In further embodiments, the stress relief buffer includes a void adjacent the sidewall of the phase-change material region.11-24-2011
20110140067RESISTANCE SWITCHING MEMORY - A resistance switching memory is introduced herein. The resistance switching memory includes a highly-insulating or resistance-switching material formed to cover the sidewall of a patterned metal line, and extended alongside a dielectric layer sidewall to further contact a portion of the top surface of the lower electrode. The other part of the top surface of the lower electrode is covered by an insulating layer between the top electrode and the lower electrode. An oxygen gettering metal layer in the lower electrode occupies a substantial central part of the top surface of the lower electrode and is partially covered by the highly-insulating or resistance-switching material. A switching area is naturally very well confined to the substantial central part of the oxygen gettering metal layer of the lower electrode.06-16-2011
20110297911SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A technique used for a semiconductor device formed by stacking multiple structural bodies each having a semiconductor device, for preventing generation of thermal load on a structural body at a lower layer which is caused by a laser used in a step of forming a structural body at an upper layer. In a phase-change memory including multiple stacked memory matrices, a metal film is disposed between a memory matrix at a lower layer and a memory matrix at an upper layer formed over the memory matrix at the lower layer, in which the laser used for forming the memory matrix is reflected at the metal film and prevented from transmitting the metal film, thereby preventing the phase-change material layer, etc. in the memory matrix at the lower layer from being directly heated excessively by the laser.12-08-2011
20120012810OPTOELECTRONIC LIGHT EXPOSURE MEMORY - An optoelectronic memory cell has a transparent top electrode, a photoactive layer, a latching layer, and a bottom electrode. The photoactive layer absorbs photons transmitted through the top electrode and generates charge carriers. During light exposure, the latching layer changes its resistance under an applied electric field in response to the generation of charge carriers in the photoactive layer.01-19-2012
20110291064RESISTANCE VARIABLE MEMORY CELL STRUCTURES AND METHODS - Resistance variable memory cell structures and methods are described herein. One or more resistance variable memory cell structures include a first electrode common to a first and a second resistance variable memory cell, a first vertically oriented resistance variable material having an arcuate top surface in contact with a second electrode and a non-arcuate bottom surface in contact with the first electrode; and a second vertically oriented resistance variable material having an arcuate top surface in contact with a third electrode and a non-arcuate bottom surface in contact with the first electrode.12-01-2011
20110291066Nonvolatile Memory Devices Having Cells with Oxygen Diffusion Barrier Layers Therein and Methods of Manufacturing the Same - A nonvolatile memory cell includes first and second electrodes and a data storage layer extending between the first and second electrodes. An oxygen diffusion barrier layer is provided, which extends between the data storage layer and the first electrode. An oxygen gettering layer is also provided, which extends between the oxygen diffusion barrier layer and the data storage layer. The oxygen diffusion barrier layer includes aluminum oxide, the oxygen gettering layer includes titanium, the data storage layer includes a metal oxide, such as magnesium oxide, and at least one of the first and second electrodes includes a material selected from a group consisting of tungsten, polysilicon, aluminum, titanium nitride silicide and conductive nitrides.12-01-2011
20110291065PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL STRUCTURES AND METHODS - Phase change memory cell structures and methods are described herein. A number of methods of forming a phase change memory cell structure include forming a dielectric stack structure on a first electrode, wherein forming the dielectric stack structure includes creating a second region between a first region and a third region of the dielectric stack structure, the second region having a thermal conductivity different than a thermal conductivity of the first region and different than a thermal conductivity of the third region of the dielectric stack. One or more embodiments include forming a via through the first, second, and third regions of the dielectric stack structure, depositing a phase change material in the via, and forming a second electrode on the phase change material.12-01-2011
20090289243SHORT BRIDGE PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELLS AND METHOD OF MAKING - Random access memory cells having a short phase change bridge structure and methods of making the bridge structure via shadow deposition. The short bridge structure reduces the heating efficiency needed to switch the logic state of the memory cell. In one particular embodiment, the memory cell has a first electrode and a second electrode with a gap therebetween. The first electrode has an end at least partially non-orthogonal to the substrate and the second electrode has an end at least partially non-orthogonal to the substrate. A phase change material bridge extends over at least a portion of the first electrode, over at least a portion of the second electrode, and within the gap. An insulative material encompasses at least a portion of the phase change material bridge.11-26-2009
20090166602PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE CAPABLE OF IMPROVING CONTACT RESISTANCE AND RESET CURRENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase-change memory device and a method of manufacturing the same, wherein the phase-change memory device includes a semiconductor substrate having a switching device, a phase-change layer formed on the semiconductor substrate having the switching device to change a phase thereof as the switching device is driven, and a bottom electrode contact in contact with the switching device through a first contact area and in contact with the phase-change layer through a second contact area, which is smaller than the first contact area.07-02-2009
20110186802MEMORY DEVICE AND A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - The present invention provides a memory device and a semiconductor device which have high reliability for writing at low cost. Furthermore, the present invention provides a memory device and a semiconductor device having a non-volatile memory element in which data can be additionally written and which can prevent forgery due to rewriting and the like. The memory element includes a first conductive layer, a second conductive layer, and an organic compound layer, which is formed between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer, and which has a photosensitized oxidation reduction agent which can be an excited state by recombination energy of electrons and holes and a substance which can react with the photosensitized oxidation reduction agent.08-04-2011
20100264398CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION METHOD FOR THE INCORPORATION OF NITROGEN INTO MATERIALS INCLUDING GERMANIUM AND ANTIMONY - A chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method for depositing materials including germanium (Ge), antimony (Sb) and nitrogen (N) which, in some embodiments, has the ability to fill high aspect ratio openings is provided. The CVD method of the instant invention permits for the control of nitrogen-doped GeSb stoichiometry over a wide range of values and the inventive method is performed at a substrate temperature of less than 400° C., which makes the inventive method compatible with existing interconnect processes and materials. In some embodiments, the inventive method is a non-selective CVD process, which means that the nitrogen-doped GeSb materials are deposited equally well on insulating and non-insulating materials. In other embodiments, a selective CVD process is provided in which the nitrogen-doped GeSb materials are deposited only on regions of a substrate in a metal which is capable of forming an eutectic alloy with germanium.10-21-2010
20120097916SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - The objective of the present invention is to provide a semiconductor device provided with a resistance-variable element having sufficient switching property and exhibiting high reliability and high densification as well as good insulating property.04-26-2012
20120097915NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - There are provided a resistance variable nonvolatile memory device which changes its resistance stably at low voltages and is suitable for a miniaturized configuration, and a manufacturing method thereof. The nonvolatile memory device comprises: a substrate (04-26-2012
20090127537ELECTRIC DEVICE WITH PHASE CHANGE RESISTOR - An electric device has an electrically switchable resistor (05-21-2009
20080308784VARIABLE RESISTANCE NON-VOLATILE MEMORY CELLS AND METHODS OF FABRICATING SAME - Methods of fabricating integrated circuit memory cells and integrated circuit memory cells are disclosed. An integrated circuit memory cell can be fabricated by forming an ohmic layer on an upper surface of a conductive structure and extending away from the structure along at least a portion of a sidewall of an opening in an insulation layer. An electrode layer is formed on the ohmic layer. A variable resistivity material is formed on the insulation layer and electrically connected to the electrode layer.12-18-2008
20090256131MEMORY CELL THAT EMPLOYS A SELECTIVELY FABRICATED CARBON NANO-TUBE REVERSIBLE RESISTANCE-SWITCHING ELEMENT FORMED OVER A BOTTOM CONDUCTOR AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some aspects, a method of fabricating a memory cell is provided that includes: (1) fabricating a first conductor above a substrate; (2) selectively fabricating a carbon nano-tube (“CNT”) material above the first conductor by: (a) fabricating a CNT seeding layer on the first conductor, wherein the CNT seeding layer comprises silicon-germanium (“Si/Ge”), (b) planarizing a surface of the deposited CNT seeding layer, and (c) selectively fabricating CNT material on the CNT seeding layer; (3) fabricating a diode above the CNT material; and (4) fabricating a second conductor above the diode. Numerous other aspects are provided.10-15-2009
20090189141Phase change memory device and method of forming the same - A phase change memory device and a method of forming the same include a conductive pattern formed on a substrate. A lower electrode contact is disposed on the conductive pattern. The phase change pattern is disposed on the lower electrode contact. An upper electrode is disposed on the phase change pattern. An area of an upper surface of the lower electrode contact is smaller than an area of a lower surface of the lower electrode contact.07-30-2009
20100176367MEMORY CELL HAVING DIELECTRIC MEMORY ELEMENT - Some embodiments include apparatus and methods having a memory cell with a first electrode, a second electrode, and a dielectric located between the first and second electrodes. The dielectric may be configured to allow the memory cell to form a conductive path in the dielectric from a portion of a material of the first electrode to represent a first value of information stored in the memory cell. The dielectric may also be configured to allow the memory cell to break the conductive path to represent a second value of information stored in the memory cell.07-15-2010
20090146128 ELECTRICAL DEVICE USING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL, PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE USING SOLID STATE REACTION AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - Provided are a nonvolatile memory device and a method of fabricating the same, in which a phase-change layer is formed using a solid-state reaction to reduce a programmable volume, thereby lessening power consumption. The device includes a first reactant layer, a second reactant layer formed on the first reactant layer, and a phase-change layer formed between the first and second reactant layers due to a solid-state reaction between a material forming the first reactant layer and a material forming the second reactant layer. The phase-change memory device consumes low power and operates at high speed.06-11-2009
20090146130Nitrogenated Carbon Electrode for Chalcogenide Device and Method of Making Same - A nitrogenated carbon electrode suitable for use in a chalcogenide device and method of making the same are described. The electrode comprises nitrogenated carbon and is in electrical communication with a chalcogenide material. The nitrogenated carbon material may be produced by combining nitrogen and vaporized carbon in a physical vapor deposition process.06-11-2009
20100108979SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Embodiments relate to a semiconductor device, and more particularly, to a semiconductor device and a manufacturing method thereof that can reduce RC delay within the semiconductor device. Embodiments provide a semiconductor device including: a first interlayer dielectric layer formed over the a semiconductor substrate, a first metal wire and a second metal wire formed over the first interlayer dielectric layer, a second interlayer dielectric layer formed over the first and second metal wires, and a phase change material layer formed between the first and second metal wires.05-06-2010
20110168967ELECTRONIC ELEMENT AND ELECTROCONDUCTIVITY CONTROL METHOD - An electronic device 07-14-2011
20110266513Superconductor Memristor Devices - Various embodiments of the present invention are directed to electronic devices, which combine reconfigurable diode rectifying states with nonvolatile memristive switching. In one aspect, an electronic device (11-03-2011
20090146129MULTI-BIT MEMORY CELL STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method of manufacturing a semiconductor memory cell including phase change material. A multi-bit memory cell may implement phase change material. Various kinds of information can be stored in one memory cell. A chip size may be minimized without sacrificing capacity and/or memory performance, as compared with a one-bit memory cell.06-11-2009
20090095952Storage node, phase change memory device and methods of operating and fabricating the same - A storage node, a phase change memory device, and methods of operating and fabricating the same are provided. The storage node may include a lower electrode, a phase change layer on the lower electrode and an upper electrode on the phase change layer, and the lower electrode and the upper electrode may be composed of thermoelectric materials having a melting point higher than that of the phase change layer, and having different conductivity types. An upper surface of the lower electrode may have a recessed shape, and a lower electrode contact layer may be provided between the lower electrode and the phase change layer. A thickness of the phase change layer may be about 100 nm or less, and the lower electrode may be composed of an n-type thermoelectric material, and the upper electrode may be composed of a p-type thermoelectric material, or they may be composed on the contrary to the above. Seeback coefficients of the lower electrode, the phase change layer, and the upper electrode may be different from each other.04-16-2009
20110147695FABRICATING CURRENT-CONFINING STRUCTURES IN PHASE CHANGE MEMORY SWITCH CELLS - In one or more embodiments, methods of fabricating current-confining stack structures in a phase change memory switch (PCMS) cell are provided. One embodiment shows a method of fabricating a PCMS cell with current in an upper chalcogenide confined in the row and column directions. In one embodiment, methods of fabricating a PCMS cell with sub-lithographic critical dimension memory chalcogenide are shown. In another embodiment, methods of fabricating a PCMS cell with sub-lithographic critical dimension middle electrode heaters are disclosed.06-23-2011
20080237565PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE TO PREVENT THERMAL CROSS-TALK AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device for preventing thermal cross-talk includes lower electrodes respectively formed in a plurality of phase change cell regions of a semiconductor substrate. A first insulation layer is formed on the semiconductor substrate including the lower electrodes having holes for exposing the respective lower electrodes. Heaters are formed on the surfaces of the respective holes to contact the lower electrodes. A second insulation layer is formed to fill the holes in which the heaters are formed. A mask pattern is then formed on the first and second insulation layers, including the heaters, to have openings that expose portions of the respective heaters having a constant pitch. A phase change layer is formed on the mask pattern including the exposed portions of the heaters and the first and second insulation layers and subsequently, upper electrodes are formed on the phase change layer.10-02-2008
20080265240Memory device with improved performance - The present resistive memory device includes first and second electrodes. An active layer is situated between the first and second electrodes. The active layer with advantage has a thermal conductivity of 0.02 W/Kcm or less, and is surrounded by a body in contact with the layer, the body having a thermal conductivity of 0.01 W/Kcm or less.10-30-2008
20080265239INTEGRATED CIRCUIT INCLUDING SPACER MATERIAL LAYER - An integrated circuit includes a first electrode and a dielectric material layer contacting a first portion of the first electrode. The integrated circuit includes a spacer material layer contacting a sidewall portion of the dielectric material layer and a second portion of the first electrode. The second portion is within the first portion. The integrated circuit includes resistivity changing material contacting the spacer material layer and a third portion of the first electrode. The third portion is within the second portion. The integrated circuit includes a second electrode contacting the resistivity changing material.10-30-2008
20100117049MEMORY CELL ACCESS DEVICE HAVING A PN-JUNCTION WITH POLYCRYSTALLINE PLUG AND SINGLE-CRYSTAL SEMICONDUCTOR REGIONS - A memory device includes a driver comprising a pn-junction in the form of a multilayer stack including a first doped semiconductor region having a first conductivity type, and a second doped semiconductor plug having a second conductivity type opposite the first conductivity type, the first and second doped semiconductors defining a pn junction therebetween, in which the first doped semiconductor region is formed in a single-crystalline semiconductor, and the second doped semiconductor region includes a polycrystalline semiconductor. Also, a method for making a memory device includes forming a first doped semiconductor region of a first conductivity type in a single-crystal semiconductor, such as on a semiconductor wafer; and forming a second doped polycrystalline semiconductor region of a second conductivity type opposite the first conductivity type, defining a pn junction between the first and second regions.05-13-2010
20100084625Memory Device - An electrical device includes a first electrode and a second electrode. A first active material is between the first electrode and second electrode. A second active material is between the first electrode and second electrode. A nonlinear electrode material is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The nonlinear electrode material is electrically in series with the first electrode, the first active material, the second active material, and the second electrode. The first electrode and the first active material undergo no chemical or electrochemical reaction when current passes between the first electrode and the second electrode.04-08-2010
20080308785PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME - Provided are a phase change memory device and a method for forming the phase change memory device. The method includes forming a phase change material layer by providing reactive radicals to a substrate. The reactive radicals may comprise precursors for a phase change material and nitrogen.12-18-2008
20100078621METHOD TO REDUCE RESET CURRENT OF PCM USING STRESS LINER LAYERS - A memory cell structure and method for forming the same. The method includes forming a via within a dielectric layer. The via is formed over the center of an electrically conducting bottom electrode. The method includes depositing a stress liner along at least one sidewall of the via. The stress liner imparting stress on material proximate the stress liner. In one embodiment, the stress liner provides a stress in the range of 500 to 5000 MPa on the material enclosed within its volume. The method includes depositing phase change material within the via and the volume enclosed by the stress liner. The method also includes forming an electrically conducting top electrode above the phase change material.04-01-2010
20100078620SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH THERMALLY COUPLED PHASE CHANGE LAYERS - Various embodiments of the present invention are generally directed to an apparatus and method associated with a semiconductor device with thermally coupled phase change layers. The semiconductor device comprises a first phase change layer selectively configurable in a relatively low resistance crystalline phase and a relatively high resistance amorphous phase, and a second phase change layer thermally coupled to the first phase change layer. The second phase change layer is characterized as a metal-insulator transition material. A programming pulse is applied to the semiconductor device from a first electrode layer to a second electrode layer to provide the first phase change layer with a selected resistance.04-01-2010
20100078622NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - A nonvolatile memory device includes: a substrate; a stacked structure member including a plurality of dielectric films and a plurality of electrode films alternately stacked on the substrate and including a through-hole penetrating through the plurality of the dielectric films and the plurality of the electrode films in a stacking direction of the plurality of the dielectric films and the plurality of the electrode films; a semiconductor pillar provided in the through-hole; and a charge storage layer provided between the semiconductor pillar and each of the plurality of the electrode films. At least one of the dielectric films includes a film generating one of a compressive stress and a tensile stress, and at least one of the electrode films includes a film generating the other of the compressive stress and the tensile stress.04-01-2010
20110062408PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELL STRUCTURE INCLUDING AN INTEGRATED DIODE, DEVICE INCLUDING THE STRUCTURE, AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME - A microelectronic programmable structure suitable for storing information and array including the structure and methods of forming and programming the structure are disclosed. The programmable structure generally includes an ion conductor and a plurality of electrodes. Electrical properties of the structure may be altered by applying energy to the structure, and thus information may be stored using the structure.03-17-2011
20110062407INFORMATION RECORDING AND REPRODUCING DEVICE - According to one embodiment, an information recording and reproducing device includes a recording layer which includes a typical element and a transition element, and stores a state of a first electric resistivity and a state of a second electric resistivity different from the first electric resistivity by a movement of the typical element, and an electrode layer which is disposed at one end of the recording layer to apply a voltage or a current to the recording layer. The recording layer includes a first region which is in contact with the electrode layer and the electrode layer includes a second region which is in contact with the recording layer. The first and second regions are opposite to each other. And the first and second regions include the typical element, and a concentration of the typical element in the first region is higher than that in the second region.03-17-2011
20100090193NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT ARRAY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A lower electrode (04-15-2010
20090152526Method for manufacturing a memory element comprising a resistivity-switching NiO layer and devices obtained thereof - The present disclosure is related to non-volatile memory devices comprising a reversible resistivity-switching layer used for storing data. The resistivity of this layer can be varied between at least two stable resistivity states such that at least one bit can be stored therein. In particular this resistivity-switching layer is a metal oxide or a metal nitride. A resistivity-switching non-volatile memory element includes a resistivity-switching metal-oxide layer sandwiched between a top electrode and a bottom electrode. The resistivity-switching metal-oxide layer has a gradient of oxygen over its thickness. The gradient is formed in a thermal oxidation step. Set and reset voltages can be tuned by using different oxygen gradients.06-18-2009
20090218558Semiconductor device and method of forming the same - A semiconductor device and a method of forming the same are provided. The method includes preparing a semiconductor substrate. Insulating layers may be sequentially formed on the semiconductor substrate. Active elements may be formed between the insulating layers. A common node may be formed in the insulating layers to be electrically connected to the active elements. The common node and the active elements may be 2-dimensionally and repeatedly arranged on the semiconductor substrate.09-03-2009
20110266512NON-VOLATILE RESISTANCE-SWITCHING THIN FILM DEVICES - Disclosed herein is a resistive switching device having an amorphous layer comprised of an insulating silicon-containing material and a conducting material. The amorphous layer may be disposed between two or more electrodes and be capable of switching between at least two resistance states. Circuits and memory devices including resistive switching devices are also disclosed, and a composition of matter involving an insulating silicon-containing material and a conducting material comprising between 5 and 40 percent by molar percentage of the composition is disclosed herein as well. Also disclosed herein are methods for switching the resistance of an amorphous material.11-03-2011
20090272960Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells, and Methods Of Forming Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells - A method of forming a non-volatile resistive oxide memory cell includes forming a first conductive electrode of the memory cell as part of a substrate. The first conductive electrode has an elevationally outermost surface and opposing laterally outermost edges at the elevationally outermost surface in one planar cross section. Multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material is formed over the first conductive electrode. Conductive material is deposited over the multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material. A second conductive electrode of the memory cell which comprises the conductive material is received over the multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material. The forming thereof includes etching through the conductive material to form opposing laterally outermost conductive edges of said conductive material in the one planar cross section at the conclusion of said etching which are received laterally outward of the opposing laterally outermost edges of the first conductive electrode in the one planar cross section.11-05-2009
20110198556NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A nonvolatile semiconductor memory device in accordance with an embodiment comprises a lower electrode layer, a variable resistance layer, and an upper electrode layer. The lower electrode layer is provided over a substrate. The variable resistance layer is provided on the lower electrode layer and is configured such that an electrical resistance of the variable resistance layer can be changed. The upper electrode layer is provided on the variable resistance layer. The variable resistance layer comprises a carbon nanostructure and metal atoms. The carbon nanostructure is stacked to have a plurality of gaps. The metal atoms are diffused into the gaps.08-18-2011
20100006815PHASE CHANGE MEMORY AND RECORDING MATERIAL FOR PHASE CHANGE MEMORY - A recording material for a phase change solid memory may include a uniform-mixed phase that includes: at least one of a Te-containing alkali metal iodide phase and a Te-containing silver iodide phase, and an Sb—Te alloy phase. The recording material shows at least one of a phase change and a phase separation which changes at least one of optical property and electrical property of the recording material.01-14-2010
20090278108Phase change memory device having phase change material layer containing phase change nano particles and method of fabricating the same - A phase change memory device including a phase change material layer having phase change nano particles and a method of fabricating the same are provided. The phase change memory device may include a first electrode and a second electrode facing each other, a phase change material layer containing phase change nano particles interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and/or a switching device electrically connected to the first electrode. The phase change material layer may include an insulating material.11-12-2009
20090045389PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device and a method for manufacturing the same. The method includes the steps of defining bottom electrode contact holes by removing portions of an insulation layer, to expose bottom electrodes, on a semiconductor substrate on which the bottom electrodes and the insulation layer are sequentially formed; forming amorphous silicon spacers on inner sidewalls of the bottom electrode contact holes; and forming bottom electrode contacts in the bottom electrode contact holes.02-19-2009
20090045388PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL STRUCTURE AND RELATED METHOD - A structure including a phase change material and a related method are disclosed. The structure may include a first electrode; a second electrode; a third electrode; a phase change material electrically connecting the first, second and third electrodes for passing a first current through two of the first, second and third electrodes; and a refractory metal barrier heater layer about the phase change material for converting the phase change material between an amorphous, insulative state and a crystalline, conductive state by application of a second current to the phase change material. The structure may be used as a fuse or a phase change material random access memory (PRAM).02-19-2009
20090189142Phase-Change Memory - A phase-change memory element with side-wall contacts is disclosed, which has a bottom electrode. A non-metallic layer is formed on the electrode, exposing the periphery of the top surface of the electrode. A first electrical contact is on the non-metallic layer to connect the electrode. A dielectric layer is on and covering the first electrical contact. A second electrical contact is on the dielectric layer. An opening is to pass through the second electrical contact, the dielectric layer, and the first electrical contact and preferably separated from the electrode by the non-metallic layer. A phase-change material is to occupy one portion of the opening, wherein the first and second electrical contacts interface the phase-change material at the side-walls of the phase-change material. A second non-metallic layer may be formed on the second electrical contact. A top electrode contacts the top surface of the outstanding terminal of the second electrical contact.07-30-2009
20090283740OPTIMIZED SOLID ELECTROLYTE FOR PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELL DEVICES AND STRUCTURES - A microelectronic programmable structure suitable for storing information and array including the structure and methods of forming and programming the structure are disclosed. The programmable structure generally includes an ion conductor and a plurality of electrodes. Electrical properties of the structure may be altered by applying energy to the structure, and thus information may be stored using the structure.11-19-2009
20080210924Phase change memory devices including phase change layer formed by selective growth methods and methods of manufacturing the same - A phase change memory device including a phase change layer includes a storage node and a switching device. The switching device is connected to the storage node. The storage node includes a phase change layer selectively grown on a lower electrode. In a method of manufacturing a phase change memory device, an insulating interlayer is formed on a semiconductor substrate to cover a switching device. A lower electrode connected to the switching device is formed, and a phase change layer is selectively grown on the lower electrode.09-04-2008
20090272962REDUCTION OF FORMING VOLTAGE IN SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES - This disclosure provides a nonvolatile memory device and related methods of manufacture and operation. The device may include one or more resistive random access memory (RRAM) that use techniques to provide a memory device with more predictable operation. In particular, forming voltage required by particular designs may be reduced through the use of a barrier layer, a reverse polarity forming voltage pulse, a forming voltage pulse where electrons are injected from a lower work function electrode, or through the use of an anneal in a reducing environment. One or more of these techniques may be applied, depending on desired application and results.11-05-2009
20090272961SURFACE TREATMENT TO IMPROVE RESISTIVE-SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS - This disclosure provides a method of fabricating a semiconductor device layer and associated memory cell structures. By performing a surface treatment process (such as ion bombardment) of a semiconductor device layer to create defects having a deliberate depth profile, one may create multistable memory cells having more consistent electrical parameters. For example, in a resistive-switching memory cell, one may obtain a tighter distribution of set and reset voltages and lower forming voltage, leading to improved device yield and reliability. In at least one embodiment, the depth profile is selected to modulate the type of defects and their influence on electrical properties of a bombarded metal oxide layer and to enhance uniform defect distribution.11-05-2009
20120292587NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a nonvolatile memory device includes a memory cell. The memory cell includes a stacked film structure. The stacked film structure is capable of maintaining a first state or a second state. The first state includes a lower electrode film, a first memory element film provided on the lower electrode film and containing a first oxide and an upper electrode film provided on the first memory element film. The second state includes the lower electrode film, the first memory element film provided on the lower electrode film, a second memory element film provided on the first memory element film and containing a second oxide and the upper electrode film provided on the second memory element film.11-22-2012
20090278109CONFINEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR NON-VOLATILE RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MEMORIES - Confinment techniques for non-volatile resistive-switching memories are described, including a memory element having a first electrode, a second electrode, a metal oxide between the first electrode and the second electrode. A resistive switching memory element described herein includes a first electrode adjacent to an interlayer dielectric, a spacer over at least a portion of the interlayer dielectric and over a portion of the first electrode and a metal oxide layer over the spacer and the first electrode such that an interface between the metal oxide layer and the electrode is smaller than a top surface of the electrode.11-12-2009
20090278110NON-VOLATILE RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MEMORIES FORMED USING ANODIZATION - Non-volatile resistive-switching memories formed using anodization are described. A method for forming a resistive-switching memory element using anodization includes forming a metal containing layer, anodizing the metal containing layer at least partially to form a resistive switching metal oxide, and forming a first electrode over the resistive switching metal oxide. In some examples, an unanodized portion of the metal containing layer may be a second electrode of the memory element.11-12-2009
20090283738Phase-change memory using single element semimetallic layer - Provided is a phase-change memory using a single-element semimetallic thin film. The device includes a storage node having a phase-change material layer and a switching element connected to the storage node, wherein the storage node includes a single-element semimetallic thin film which is formed between an upper electrode and a lower electrode. Thus, the write speed of the phase-change memory can be increased compared with the case of a Ge—Sb—Te (GST) based material.11-19-2009
20090283741METHOD OF FORMING A PHASE CHANGEABLE STRUCTURE - The present invention relates to a method of forming a phase changeable structure wherein an upper electrode is formed on a phase changeable layer. A material including fluorine can be provided to the phase changeable layer and the upper electrode. The phase changeable layer can be etched to form a phase changeable pattern. Oxygen plasma or water vapor plasma can then be provided to the upper electrode and the phase changeable pattern.11-19-2009
20090283739NONVOLATILE STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - There is provided a nonvolatile storage device including a plurality of component memory layers. The plurality of component memory layers are stacked In a direction perpendicular to a layer surface. Each of the plurality of component memory layers includes a first wiring, a second wiring provided non-parallel to the first wiring and a stacked structure unit provided between the first wiring and the second wiring and including a recording layer. At least one of the first wiring and the second wiring includes a protruding portion provided on a portion opposed to the recording layer and protruding toward the recording layer side.11-19-2009
20100276657MULTILAYER STRUCTURE COMPRISING A PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL LAYER AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME - A method of producing a multilayer structure is provided, wherein the method comprises forming a phase change material layer onto a substrate, forming a protective layer, forming a further layer on the protective layer, patterning the further layer in an first 5 patterning step, patterning the protective layer and the phase change material layer by a second patterning step. In particular, the first patterning step may be an etching step using chemical etchants. Moreover, electrodes may be formed on the substrate before the phase change material layer is formed, e.g. the electrodes may be formed on one level, e.g. may forma planar structure and may not form a vertically structure.11-04-2010
20090294751NONVOLATILE STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - A method for manufacturing a nonvolatile storage device with a plurality of unit memory layers stacked therein is provided. Each of the unit memory layers includes: a first interconnect extending in a first direction; a second interconnect extending in a second direction; a recording unit sandwiched between the first and second interconnects and being capable of reversibly transitioning between a first state and a second state in response to a current supplied through the first and second interconnects; and a rectifying element sandwiched between the first interconnect and the recording unit and including at least one of p-type and n-type impurities. In the method, the first interconnect, the second interconnect, the recording unit, and a layer of an amorphous material including the at least one of p-type and n-type impurities used in the plurality of unit memory layers are formed at a temperature lower than a temperature at which the amorphous material is substantially crystallized. The amorphous material used in the plurality of unit memory layers is simultaneously crystallized and the impurities included in the amorphous material used in the plurality of unit memory layers are simultaneously activated.12-03-2009
20090294750PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - An exemplary phase change memory device is provided, including a substrate with a first electrode formed thereover. A first dielectric layer is formed over the first electrode and the substrate. A plurality of cup-shaped heating electrodes is respectively disposed in a portion of the first dielectric layer. A first insulating layer is formed over the first dielectric layer, partially covering the cup-shaped heating electrodes and the first dielectric layer therebetween. A second insulating layer is formed over the first dielectric layer, partially covering the cup-shaped heating electrodes and the first dielectric layer therebetween. A pair of phase change material layers is respectively disposed on opposing sidewalls of the second insulating layer and contacting with one of the cup-shaped heating electrodes. A pair of first conductive layers is formed on the second insulating layer along the second direction, respectively.12-03-2009
20110204314RESISTIVE MEMORY CELLS AND DEVICES HAVING ASYMMETRICAL CONTACTS - A memory cell includes a plug-type first electrode in a substrate, a magneto-resistive memory element disposed on the first electrode, and a second electrode disposed on the magneto-resistive memory element opposite the first electrode. The second electrode has an area of overlap with the magneto-resistive memory element that is greater than an area of overlap of the first electrode and the magneto-resistive memory element. The first surface may, for example, be substantially circular and have a diameter less than a minimum planar dimension (e.g., width) of the second surface. The magneto-resistive memory element may include a colossal magneto-resistive material, such as an insulating material with a perovskite phase and/or a transition metal oxide.08-25-2011
20100117052PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELLS AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A programmable metallization cell (PMC) that includes an active electrode; a nanoporous layer disposed on the active electrode, the nanoporous layer comprising a plurality of nanopores and a dielectric material; and an inert electrode disposed on the nanoporous layer. Other embodiments include forming the active electrode from silver iodide, copper iodide, silver sulfide, copper sulfide, silver selenide, or copper selenide and applying a positive bias to the active electrode that causes silver or copper to migrate into the nanopores. Methods of formation are also disclosed.05-13-2010
20100117053METAL OXIDE MATERIALS AND ELECTRODES FOR RE-RAM - Rewritable switching materials and methods for forming the same are described herein. One embodiment is a storage device comprising a first electrode, a state change element in contact with the first electrode, the state change element comprises Zr05-13-2010
20110204315Nonvolatile Memory Devices that Use Resistance Materials and Internal Electrodes, and Related Methods and Processing Systems - A nonvolatile memory device, a method of fabricating the nonvolatile memory device and a processing system including the nonvolatile memory device. The nonvolatile memory device may include a plurality of internal electrodes that extend in a direction substantially perpendicular to a face of a substrate, a plurality of first external electrodes that extend substantially in parallel with the face of the substrate, and a plurality of second external electrodes that also extend substantially in parallel with the face of the substrate. Each first external electrode is on a first side of a respective one of the internal electrodes, and each second external electrode is on a second side of a respective one of the internal electrodes. These devices also include a plurality of variable resistors that contact the internal electrodes, the first external electrodes and the second external electrodes.08-25-2011
20110204312CONFINEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR NON-VOLATILE RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MEMORIES - Confirment techniques for non-volatile resistive-switching memories are described, including a memory element having a first electrode, a second electrode, a metal oxide between the first electrode and the second electrode. A resistive switching memory element described herein includes a first electrode adjacent to an interlayer dielectric, a spacer over at least a portion of the interlayer dielectric and over a portion of the first electrode and a metal oxide layer over the spacer and the first electrode such that an interface between the metal oxide layer and the electrode is smaller than a top surface of the electrode.08-25-2011
20110204311NON-VOLATILE RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MEMORIES FORMED USING ANODIZATION - Non-volatile resistive-switching memories formed using anodization are described. A method for forming a resistive-switching memory element using anodization includes forming a metal containing layer, anodizing the metal containing layer at least partially to form a resistive switching metal oxide, and forming a first electrode over the resistive switching metal oxide. In some examples, an unanodized portion of the metal containing layer may be a second electrode of the memory element.08-25-2011
20090261314Non-volatile memory device and method of fabricating the same - Provided are a non-volatile memory device that may be configured in a stacked structure and may be more easily highly integrated, and a method of fabricating the non-volatile memory device. At least one first electrode and at least one second electrode are provided. The at least one second electrode may cross the at least one first electrode. At least one data storage layer may be at an intersection between the at least one first electrode and the at least one second electrode. Any one of the at least one first electrode and the at least one second electrode may include at least one junction diode connected to the at least one data storage layer.10-22-2009
20090261313MEMORY CELL HAVING A BURIED PHASE CHANGE REGION AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - Memory cells are described along with methods for manufacturing. A memory cell as described herein includes a bottom electrode comprising a base portion and a pillar portion on the base portion, the pillar portion having a width less than that of the base portion. A dielectric surrounds the bottom electrode and has a top surface. A memory element is overlying the bottom electrode and includes a recess portion extending from the top surface of the dielectric to contact the pillar portion of the bottom electrode, wherein the recess portion of the memory element has a width substantially equal to the width of the pillar portion of the bottom electrode. A top electrode is on the memory element.10-22-2009
20120292588NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A nonvolatile memory device including: a strip-shaped first electrode line (11-22-2012
20120292586NONVOLATILE VARIABLE RESISTANCE ELEMENT - According to one embodiment, there are provided a first electrode, a second electrode containing a 1B group element having an Al element added thereto, and a variable resistive layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and having a silicon element.11-22-2012
20120292589NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT - A nonvolatile memory element according to the present disclosure includes: a variable resistance element including a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer, and a variable resistance layer which is located between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer and has a resistance value that reversibly changes based on an electrical signal applied between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer; and a fixed resistance layer having a predetermined resistance value and stacked together with the variable resistance element. The variable resistance layer includes (i) a first transition metal oxide layer which is oxygen deficient and (ii) a second transition metal oxide layer which has a higher oxygen content atomic percentage than the first transition metal oxide layer. The predetermined resistance value ranges from 70Ω to 1000Ω inclusive.11-22-2012
20090085024PHASE CHANGE MEMORY STRUCTURES - A phase change memory cell has a first electrode, a plurality of pillars, and a second electrode. The plurality of pillars are electrically coupled with the first electrode. Each of the pillars comprises a phase change material portion and a heater material portion. The second electrode is electrically coupled to each of the pillars. In some examples, the pillars have a width less than 20 nanometers.04-02-2009
20110204313Electrode Diffusions in Two-Terminal Non-Volatile Memory Devices - A non-volatile memory device includes a plurality of pillars, where each of the plurality of pillars contains a non-volatile memory cell containing a steering element and a storage element and at least one of a top corner or a bottom corner of each of the plurality of pillars is rounded. A method of making non-volatile memory device includes forming a stack of device layers, and patterning the stack to form a plurality of pillars, where each of the plurality of pillars contains a non-volatile memory cell that contains a steering element and a storage element, and where at least one of top corner or bottom corner of each of the plurality of pillars is rounded.08-25-2011
20080246015METHOD TO FORM HIGH EFFICIENCY GST CELL USING A DOUBLE HEATER CUT - Embodiments of the present invention provide a method that includes providing wafer including multiple cells, each cell including at least one emitter. The method further includes performing a lithographic operation in a word line direction of the wafer across the cells to form pre-heater element arrangements, performing a lithographic operation in a bit line direction of the wafer across the pre-heater element arrangements to form a pre-heater element adjacent each emitter, and performing a lithographic operation in the word line direction across a portion of the pre-heater elements to form a heater element adjacent each emitter. Other embodiments are also described.10-09-2008
20080246014Memory Structure with Reduced-Size Memory Element Between Memory Material Portions - A memory cell device includes a memory cell access layer, a dielectric material over the memory cell access layer, a memory material structure within the dielectric material, and a top electrode in electrical contact with the memory material structure. The memory material structure has upper and lower memory material portions and a memory material element therebetween. The lower memory material layer is in electrical contact with a bottom electrode. The lower memory material layer has an average lateral dimension. The memory material element defines an electrical property state change region therein and has a minimum lateral dimension which is substantially less than the average lateral dimension. In some examples the memory material element is a tapered structure with the electrical property state change region at the junction of the memory material element and the lower memory material layer.10-09-2008
20100102290SILICON BASED NANOSCALE CROSSBAR MEMORY - The present application describes a crossbar memory array. The memory array includes a first array of parallel nanowires of a first material and a second array of parallel nanowires of a second material. The first and the second array are oriented at an angle with each other. The array further includes a plurality of nanostructures of non-crystalline silicon disposed between a nanowire of the first material and a nanowire of the second material at each intersection of the two arrays. The nanostructures form a resistive memory cell together with the nanowires of the first and second materials.04-29-2010
20100102291CARBON-BASED MEMORY ELEMENTS EXHIBITING REDUCED DELAMINATION AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A method of forming a reversible resistance-switching metal-insulator-metal (“MIM”) stack is provided, the method including forming a first conducting layer comprising a degenerately doped semiconductor material, and forming a carbon-based reversible resistance-switching material above the first conducting layer. Other aspects are also provided.04-29-2010
20080251778FOUR-TERMINAL PROGRAMMABLE VIA-CONTAINING STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SAME - A semiconductor structure that includes two programmable vias each of which contains a phase change material that is integrated with a heating material. In particular, the present invention provides a structure in which two programmable vias, each containing a phase change material, are located on opposing surfaces of a heating material. Each end portion of an upper surface of the heating material is connected to a metal terminal. These metal terminals, which are in contact with the end portions of the upper surface of the heating material, can be each connected to an outside component that controls and switches the resistance states of the two programmable vias. The two programmable vias of the inventive structure are each connected to another metal terminal. These metal terminals that are associated with the programmable vias can be also connected to a circuit block that may be present in the structure.10-16-2008
20090166603METHOD OF FORMING A SMALL CONTACT IN PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY - A method of fabricating a phase-change memory cell is described. The cross-sectional area of a contact with a phase-change memory element within the cell is controlled by a width and an exposed length of a bottom electrode. The method allows the formation of very small phase-change memory cells.07-02-2009
20080277641Inverted variable resistance memory cell and method of making the same - An inverted variable resistance memory cell and a method of fabricating the same. The memory cell is fabricated by forming an opening in an insulating layer deposited over a semiconductor substrate, etching the top portion of the opening to have a substantially hemispherical-shape, forming a metal layer in the opening, and overlying a variable resistance material over the metal layer.11-13-2008
20080283815Variable resistance memory device having reduced bottom contact area and method of forming the same - A variable resistance memory element and method of forming the same. The memory element includes a substrate supporting a bottom electrode having a small bottom contact area. A variable resistance material is formed over the bottom electrodes such that the variable resistance material has a surface that is in electrical communication with the bottom electrode and a top electrode is formed over the variable resistance material. The small bottom electrode contact area reduces the reset current requirement which in turn reduces the write transistor size for each bit.11-20-2008
20080283816SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A semiconductor device is provided with silicon pillars arranged in a matrix and formed substantially perpendicularly to a main surface of a substrate, bit lines provided above the silicon pillars, gate electrodes covering a side surface of each silicon pillars via gate insulation films, first and second diffusion layers provided at an upper part and a lower part of the silicon pillar, respectively, a reference potential wiring provided in common to the plural silicon pillars for supplying a reference potential to the first diffusion layers, and memory elements connected between the second diffusion layers and the bit lines. The gate electrodes covering the silicon pillars adjacent in a first direction crossing the bit line are in contact with each other, and gate electrodes covering the silicon pillars adjacent in a second direction parallel with the bit line are isolated from each other.11-20-2008
20080283814PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT - A phase-change memory element for reducing heat loss is disclosed. The phase-change memory element comprises a composite layer, wherein the composite layer comprises a dielectric material and a low thermal conductivity material. A via hole is formed within the composite layer. A phase-change material occupies at least one portion of the via hole. The composite layer comprises alternating layers or a mixture of the dielectric material and the low thermal conductivity material.11-20-2008
20080290335PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A phase change memory device comprising a substrate. A plurality of bottom electrodes isolated from each other is on the substrate. An insulating layer crosses a portion of the surfaces of any two of the adjacent bottom electrodes. A pair of phase change material spacers is on a pair of sidewalls of the insulating layer, wherein the pair of the phase change material spacers is on any two of the adjacent bottom electrodes, respectively. A top electrode is on the insulating layer and covers the phase change material spacers.11-27-2008
20090014707NON-VOLATILE SOLID STATE RESISTIVE SWITCHING DEVICES - Non-crystalline silicon non-volatile resistive switching devices include a metal electrode, a non-crystalline silicon layer and a planar doped silicon electrode. An electrical signal applied to the metal electrode drives metal ions from the metal electrode into the non-crystalline silicon layer to form a conducting filament from the metal electrode to the planar doped silicon electrode to alter a resistance of the non-crystalline silicon layer. Another electrical signal applied to the metal electrode removes at least some of the metal ions forming the conducting filament from the non-crystalline silicon layer to further alter the resistance of the non-crystalline silicon layer.01-15-2009
20120032133SURFACE TREATMENT TO IMPROVE RESISTIVE-SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS - This disclosure provides a method of fabricating a semiconductor device layer and associated memory cell structures. By performing a surface treatment process (such as ion bombardment) of a semiconductor device layer to create defects having a deliberate depth profile, one may create multistable memory cells having more consistent electrical parameters. For example, in a resistive-switching memory cell, one may obtain a tighter distribution of set and reset voltages and lower forming voltage, leading to improved device yield and reliability. In at least one embodiment, the depth profile is selected to modulate the type of defects and their influence on electrical properties of a bombarded metal oxide layer and to enhance uniform defect distribution.02-09-2012
20120032134Memristive Junction with Intrinsic Rectifier - A memristive junction (02-09-2012
20080210923SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - In a semiconductor device including a heater electrode formed in a contact hole formed in an interlayer insulation film to expose a lower electrode, the heater electrode includes at least three heater electrode layers which are successively laminated and successively increased in specific resistivity in a direction from the lower electrode towards a phase change film in this order. The interlayer insulation film is formed on a semiconductor substrate to cover the lower electrode. The phase change film is formed in contact with an upper surface of the heater electrode. An upper electrode is formed on an upper surface of the phase change film.09-04-2008
20130119340MULTI-BIT RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MEMORY CELL AND ARRAY - This invention proposes a multi-bit resistive-switching memory cell and array thereof. Multiple conduction paths are formed on each memory cell and independent of each other, and each conduction path can be in a high-resistance or low-resistance state, so as to form a multi-bit resistive-switching memory cell. A memory cell array can be formed by arranging a plurality of multi-bit resistive-switching memory cells, and the memory cell array provides a simple, high density, high performance and cost-efficient proposal.05-16-2013
20130119341RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY CELL AND MEMORY - A Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM) cell and a memory are disclosed. In one embodiment, the RRAM cell comprises a two-state resistor and a resistive switching memory cell connected in series. The two-state resistor can supply relatively large currents under both positive and negative voltage polarities. As a result, it is possible to reduce leakage paths in a crossbar array of memory cells, and thus to suppress reading crosstalk.05-16-2013
20130119342METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a method is disclosed for manufacturing a semiconductor memory device. The method can include introducing halogen in a contact layer with a resistance variation film including a metal oxide. The method can include diffusing the halogen from the contact layer to the resistance variation film by a thermal treatment.05-16-2013
20130119343RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A resistive random access memory and a method for fabricating the same are provided. The method includes forming a bottom electrode on a substrate; forming a metal oxide layer on the bottom electrode; forming an oxygen atom gettering layer on the metal oxide layer; forming a first top electrode sub-layer on the oxygen atom gettering layer; forming a second top electrode sub-layer on the first top electrode sub-layer, wherein the first top electrode sub-layer and the second top electrode sub-layer comprise a top electrode; and subjecting the metal oxide layer and the oxygen atom gettering layer to a thermal treatment, driving the oxygen atoms of the metal oxide layer to migrate into and react with the oxygen atom gettering layer, resulting in a plurality of oxygen vacancies within the metal oxide layer.05-16-2013
20080272359PHASE CHANGEABLE MEMORY CELLS - A phase changeable memory cell is disclosed. According to embodiments of the invention, a phase changeable memory cell is formed that has a reduced contact area with one of the electrodes, compared to previously known phase changeable memory cells. This contact area can be a sidewall of one of the electrodes, or a perimeter edge of a contact opening through the electrode. Thus, when the thickness of the electrode is relatively thin, the contact area between the electrode and the phase changeable material pattern is relatively very small. As a result, it is possible to reduce power consumption of the phase changeable memory device and to form reliable and compact phase changeable memory cells.11-06-2008
20080272358PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - Phase change memory devices and methods for manufacturing the same are provided. An exemplary embodiment of a phase change memory device includes a bottom electrode formed over a substrate. A first dielectric layer is formed over the bottom electrode. A heating electrode is formed in the first dielectric layer and partially protrudes over the first dielectric layer, wherein the heating electrode includes an intrinsic portion embedded within the first dielectric layer, a reduced portion stacked over the intrinsic portion, and an oxide spacer surrounding a sidewall of the reduced portion. A phase change material layer is formed over the first dielectric layer and covers the heating electrode, the phase change material layer contacts a top surface of the reduced portion of the heating electrode. A top electrode is formed over the phase change material layer and contacts the phase change material layer.11-06-2008
20090065757Nonvolatile Memory Element - A nonvolatile memory element in which Rb03-12-2009
20100140582CHALCOGENIDE NANOIONIC-BASED RADIO FREQUENCY SWITCH - A nonvolatile nanoionic switch is disclosed. A thin layer of chalcogenide glass engages a substrate and a metal selected from the group of silver and copper photo-dissolved in the chalcogenide glass. A first oxidizable electrode and a second inert electrode engage the chalcogenide glass and are spaced apart from each other forming a gap therebetween. A direct current voltage source is applied with positive polarity applied to the oxidizable electrode and negative polarity applied to the inert electrode which electrodeposits silver or copper across the gap closing the switch. Reversing the polarity of the switch dissolves the electrodeposited metal and returns it to the oxidizable electrode. A capacitor arrangement may be formed with the same structure and process.06-10-2010
20100270529INTEGRATED CIRCUIT 3D PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ARRAY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD - A 3D phase change memory device is based on an array of electrode pillars and a plurality of electrode planes that intersect the electrode pillars at interface regions that include memory elements that comprise a programmable phase change memory element and a threshold switching element. The electrode pillars can be selected using two-dimensional decoding, and the plurality of electrode planes can be selected using decoding on a third dimension.10-28-2010
20090184310MEMORY CELL WITH MEMORY ELEMENT CONTACTING AN INVERTED T-SHAPED BOTTOM ELECTRODE - Memory cells are described along with methods for manufacturing. A memory cell described herein includes a bottom electrode comprising a base portion and a pillar portion on the base portion, the pillar portion having a top surface and a width less than that of the base portion. A memory element is on the top surface of the pillar portion and comprises memory material having at least two solid phases. A top electrode is on the memory element.07-23-2009
20090184309PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL WITH HEATER AND METHOD THEREFOR - A method for forming a phase change memory cell (PCM) includes forming a heater for the phase change memory and forming a phase change structrure electrically coupled to the heater. The forming a heater includes siliciding a material including silicon to form a silicide structure, wherein the heater includes at least a portion of the silicide structure. The phase change structure exhibits a first resistive value when in a first phase state and exhibits a second resistive value when in a second phase state. The silicide structure produces heat when current flows through the silicide structure for changing the phase state of the phase change structure.07-23-2009
20090140233NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A nonvolatile semiconductor memory device having a large storage capacity and stabilized rewriting conditions in which a memory cell includes a nonvolatile recording material layer, a selector element and a semiconductor layer provided between the nonvolatile recording material layer and the selector element and having a thickness ranging from 5 to 200 nm.06-04-2009
20090140232Resistive Memory Element - An integrated circuit including a resistive memory element is described. The resistive memory element includes a first solid electrolyte layer including a metal doped glass material, the glass material being at least partially amorphous, and a second solid electrolyte layer including the metal doped glass material. The resistive memory element also includes a middle layer disposed between the first and second solid electrolyte layers, the middle layer including a carbide composition.06-04-2009
20090140231Semiconductor device and method of manufacturing the same - It is an object of the present invention to provide a technique in which a high-performance and highly reliable semiconductor device can be manufactured at low cost with high yield. A memory device according to the present invention has a first conductive layer including a plurality of insulators, an organic compound layer over the first conductive layer including the insulators, and a second conductive layer over the organic compound layer.06-04-2009
200900013473D R/W cell with reduced reverse leakage - A nonvolatile memory device includes a semiconductor diode steering element, and a semiconductor read/write switching element.01-01-2009
20100200832RESISTANCE VARIABLE ELEMENT - A resistance variable device is provided, which is capable of making a bipolar operation based on a predetermined operation principle. The resistance variable device is usable as a storage device. The resistance variable device has a laminated structure which include, for example, a first electrode, a second electrode, and a hole conductive layer between the first and second electrodes. The hole conductive layer gives anions to the second electrode, thereby changing its state from a reference electric field state to a positive electric field state. The hole conductive layer also receives anions from the second electrode, thereby changing its state from the positive electric field state to the reference electric field state.08-12-2010
20100200831Non-volatile memory devices and methods of fabricating the same - Non-volatile memory devices including a lower electrode formed on a substrate; an active memory material formed on the lower electrode; an upper electrode formed on the active memory material; and an adhesive layer formed in part of a region between the active memory material and the upper electrode.08-12-2010
20100200830MEMORY DEVICE HAVING SELF-ALIGNED CELL STRUCTURE - Some embodiments include apparatus and methods having a memory device with diodes coupled to memory elements. Each diode may be formed in a recess of the memory device. The recess may have a polygonal sidewall. The diode may include a first material of a first conductivity type (e.g., n-type) and a second material of a second conductive type (e.g., p-type) formed within the recess.08-12-2010
20090014708SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A nonvolatile, sophisticated semiconductor device with a small surface area and a simple structure capable of switching connections between three or more electrodes. In a semiconductor device at least one of the electrodes contains atoms such as copper or silver in the solid electrolyte capable of easily moving within the solid electrolyte, and those electrodes face each other and applying a voltage switches the voltage on and off by generating or annihilating the conductive path between the electrodes. Moreover applying a voltage to a separate third electrode can annihilate the conductive path formed between two electrodes without applying a voltage to the two electrode joined by the conductive path.01-15-2009
20120068148NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT AND FABRICATION METHOD FOR NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT - A variable resistance nonvolatile memory element capable of suppressing a variation in resistance values is provided. A nonvolatile memory element according to the present invention includes: a silicon substrate (03-22-2012
20120068146MEMORY ELEMENT AND MEMORY DEVICE - There are provided a memory element and a memory device with a smaller range of element-to-element variation of electrical characteristics. The memory element includes a first electrode, a memory layer, and a second layer in this order. The memory layer includes a resistance change layer including a plurality of layers varying in diffusion coefficient of mobile atoms, and an ion source layer disposed between the resistance change layer and the second electrode.03-22-2012
20120068144RESISTANCE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY - According to one embodiment, there are provided a first electrode, a second electrode, first and second variable-resistance layers that are arranged between the first electrode and the second electrode, and at least one non variable-resistance layer that is arranged so that positions of the first and second variable-resistance layers between the first electrode and the second electrode are symmetrical to each other.03-22-2012
20120068143Memory Arrays And Methods Of Forming Memory Cells - Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells utilizing various arrangements of conductive lines, electrodes and programmable material; with the programmable material containing high k dielectric material directly against multivalent metal oxide. Some embodiments include arrays of memory cells, with the memory cells including programmable material containing high k dielectric material directly against multivalent metal oxide.03-22-2012
20090050873System Including Memory with Resistivity Changing Material and Method of Making the Same - A method of manufacturing a memory cell includes: forming a first electrode, depositing a first insulator material over the first electrode, forming a via in the first insulator material, depositing a resistivity changing material in the via without completely filling the via, and forming a second electrode contacting the resistivity changing material.02-26-2009
20090321706Resistive Memory Devices with Improved Resistive Changing Elements - An integrated circuit includes a memory cell with a resistance changing memory element. The resistance changing memory element includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a resistivity changing material disposed between the first and second electrodes, where the resistivity changing material is configured to change resistive states in response to application of a voltage or current to the first and second electrodes. In addition, at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode comprises an insulator material including a self-assembled electrically conductive element formed within the insulator material. The self-assembled electrically conductive element formed within the insulator material remains stable throughout the operation of switching the resistivity changing material to different resistive states.12-31-2009
20090321709MEMORY ELEMENT, MEMORY APPARATUS, AND SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT - A memory element comprises a first electrode, a second electrode, and a resistance variable film 12-31-2009
20090321707Intersubstrate-dielectric nanolaminate layer for improved temperature stability of gate dielectric films - Embodiments of an apparatus with a crystallization-resistant high-κ dielectric and nanolaminate layer stack in a device and methods for forming crystallization-resistant high-κ dielectric and nanolaminate layer stack are generally described herein. Other embodiments may be described and claimed.12-31-2009
20080315171INTEGRATED CIRCUIT INCLUDING VERTICAL DIODE - An integrated circuit includes a diode including a first polarity region and a second polarity region. The second polarity region contacts a bottom and sidewalls of the first polarity region. The integrated circuit includes a first electrode coupled to the diode, a second electrode, and resistivity changing material between the first electrode and the second electrode.12-25-2008
20110220863NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - To realize miniaturization and increased capacity of memories by lowering break voltage for causing resistance change and suppressing variation in break voltage.09-15-2011
20110220861NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A nonvolatile semiconductor memory device which can achieve miniaturization and a larger capacity in a cross-point structure in which memory cells are formed inside contact holes at cross points of word lines and bit lines, respectively, and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. A nonvolatile semiconductor memory device comprises a substrate; a plurality of stripe-shaped lower copper wires (09-15-2011
20110220862RESISTANCE VARIABLE ELEMENT AND RESISTANCE VARIABLE MEMORY DEVICE - A resistance variable element (09-15-2011
20110220860Bipolar memory cells, memory devices including the same and methods of manufacturing and operating the same - Bipolar memory cells and a memory device including the same are provided, the bipolar memory cells include two bipolar memory layers having opposite programming directions. The two bipolar memory layers may be connected to each other via an intermediate electrode interposed therebetween. The two bipolar memory layers may have the same structure or opposite structures.09-15-2011
20110140068RESISTANCE-CHANGE MEMORY CELL ARRAY - According to one embodiment, a resistance-change memory cell array in which a plurality of horizontal electrodes extending horizontally and a plurality of vertical electrodes extending vertically are arranged to configure a cross-point structure includes rectifying insulating films formed in contact with side surfaces of the vertical electrodes in facing regions between the horizontal electrodes and the vertical electrodes, variable resistance films formed in contact with side surfaces of the horizontal electrodes in the facing regions between the horizontal electrodes and the vertical electrodes, and conductive layers formed between the rectifying insulating films and the variable resitstance films.06-16-2011
20090200537PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE PREVENTING CONTACT LOSS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device includes a silicon substrate having a phase change cell region. A plurality of phase change cell are formed in the phase change region of the silicon substrate. A contact comprising a first contact and a second contact is formed on each of the phase change cells. A plurality of bit lines are electrically connected to the contacts. A contact plug is formed on the silicon substrate in a region outside of the phase change cell region, and a word line is formed over the silicon substrate and is connected to the contact plug.08-13-2009
20090085025MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING RESISTANCE-CHANGING FUNCTION BODY - A resistance-changing function body includes an object made of a first substance and interposed between a first electrode and a second electrode, and a plurality of particles made of a second substance and arranged within the object so that an electrical resistance between the first electrode and the second electrode is changed before and after application of a specified voltage to between the first electrode and the second electrode. The first substance makes an electrical barrier against the second substance. With this constitution, by applying a specified voltage to between the first electrode and the second electrode, the electrical resistance can be changed depending on a state of the particles made of the second substance. Also, by virtue of a simple structure, a resistance-changing function body of small size is provided with low cost.04-02-2009
20080237567OPTIMIZED SOLID ELECTROLYTE FOR PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELL DEVICES AND STRUCTURES - A microelectronic programmable structure suitable for storing information and array including the structure and methods of forming and programming the structure are disclosed. The programmable structure generally includes an ion conductor and a plurality of electrodes. Electrical properties of the structure may be altered by applying energy to the structure, and thus information may be stored using the structure.10-02-2008
20080237566Phase change memory device and method of fabricating the same - A phase change memory device and method of manufacturing the same is provided. A first electrode having a first surface is provided on a substrate. A second electrode having a second surface at a different level from the first surface is on the substrate. The second electrode may be spaced apart from the first electrode. A third electrode may be formed corresponding to the first electrode. A fourth electrode may be formed corresponding to the second electrode. A first phase change pattern may be interposed between the first surface and the third electrode. A second phase change pattern may be interposed between the second surface and the fourth electrode. Upper surfaces of the first and second phase change patterns may be on the same plane10-02-2008
20110227030Memristor Having a Triangular Shaped Electrode - A memristor includes a first electrode having a triangular cross section, in which the first electrode has a tip and a base, a switching material positioned upon the first electrode, and a second electrode positioned upon the switching material. The tip of the first electrode faces the second electrode and an active region in the switching material is formed between the tip of the first electrode and the second electrode.09-22-2011
20090230378RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICES - Provided is a resistive memory device that can be integrated with a high integration density and method of forming the same. An insulating layer enclosing a resistive memory element and an insulating layer enclosing a conductive line connected with the resistive memory element have different stresses, hardness, porosity degrees, dielectric constant or heat conductivities.09-17-2009
20110227024RESISTANCE-SWITCHING MEMORY CELL WITH HEAVILY DOPED METAL OXIDE LAYER - A non-volatile resistance-switching memory element includes a resistance-switching element formed from a metal oxide layer having a dopant which is provided at a relatively high concentration such as 10% or greater. Further, the dopant is a cation having a relatively large ionic radius such as 70 picometers or greater, such as Magnesium, Chromium, Calcium, Scandium or Yttrium. A cubic fluorite phase lattice may be formed in the metal oxide even at room temperature so that switching power may be reduced. The memory element may be pillar-shaped, extending between first and second electrodes and being in series with a steering element such as a diode. The metal oxide layer may be deposited at the same time as the dopant. Or, using atomic layer deposition, an oxide of a first metal can be deposited, followed by an oxide of a second metal, followed by annealing to cause intermixing, in repeated cycles.09-22-2011
20110227026NON-VOLATILE STORAGE WITH METAL OXIDE SWITCHING ELEMENT AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - Non-volatile storage elements having a reversible resistivity-switching element and techniques for fabricating the same are disclosed herein. The reversible resistivity-switching element may be formed by depositing an oxygen diffusion resistant material (e.g., heavily doped Si, W, WN) over the top electrode. A trap passivation material (e.g., fluorine, nitrogen, hydrogen, deuterium) may be incorporated into one or more of the bottom electrode, a metal oxide region, or the top electrode of the reversible resistivity-switching element. One embodiment includes a reversible resistivity-switching element having a bi-layer capping layer between the metal oxide and the top electrode. Fabricating the device may include depositing (un-reacted) titanium and depositing titanium oxide in situ without air brake. One embodiment includes incorporating titanium into the metal oxide of the reversible resistivity-switching element. The titanium might be implanted into the metal oxide while depositing the metal oxide, or after deposition of the metal oxide. Sub-plantation may be used to create a titanium region between two metal oxide regions.09-22-2011
20120104350VARIABLE RESISTANCE NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A step of forming, on a substrate (05-03-2012
20120104349PROGRAMMABLE RESISTIVE MEMORY CELL WITH SACRIFICIAL METAL - Programmable metallization memory cells include an electrochemically active electrode and an inert electrode and an ion conductor solid electrolyte material between the electrochemically active electrode and the inert electrode. A sacrificial metal is disposed between the electrochemically active electrode and the inert electrode. The sacrificial metal has a more negative standard electrode potential than the filament forming metal.05-03-2012
20120104348PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION MEMORY CELLS VIA SELECTIVE CHANNEL FORMING - Methods for making a programmable metallization memory cell are disclosed.05-03-2012
20120104347METHOD OF FORMING A CHALCOGENIDE MATERIAL, METHODS OF FORMING A RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING A CHALCOGENIDE MATERIAL, AND RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICES INCLUDING A CHALCOGENIDE MATERIAL - A method of forming a chalcogenide material on a surface of a substrate comprising exposing a surface of a substrate to ionized gas clusters from a source gas, the ionized gas clusters comprising at least one chalcogen and at least one electropositive element. A method of forming a resistive random access memory device is also disclosed. The method comprises forming a plurality of memory cells wherein each cell of the plurality of memory cells is formed by forming a metal on a first electrode, forming a chalcogenide material on the metal by a gas cluster ion beam process, and forming a second electrode on the chalcogenide material. A method of forming another resistive random access memory device and a random access memory device including the chalcogenide material are also disclosed.05-03-2012
20090212273Semiconductor Devices Having Resistive Memory Elements - Provided is a semiconductor device including a resistive memory element. The semiconductor device includes a substrate and the resistive memory element disposed on the substrate. The resistive memory element has resistance states of a plurality of levels according to generation and dissipation of at least one platinum bridge therein.08-27-2009
20090242867PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING PROTECTIVE LAYER FOR PROTECTING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device includes a semiconductor substrate, a plurality of bottom electrodes formed on the substrate, a plurality of phase change structures formed on the semiconductor substrate, each respectively contacting one of the bottom electrodes, and each having a phase change material layer and a top electrode stacked one upon the other, and a protective layer formed to a substantially uniform thickness on surfaces of the plurality of phase change structures and the semiconductor substrate, wherein the protective layer contains diffusion barrier ions.10-01-2009
20090095950Nanoscale Wire-Based Data Storage - The present invention generally relates to nanotechnology and submicroelectronic devices that can be used in circuitry and, in some cases, to nanoscale wires and other nanostructures able to encode data. One aspect of the invention provides a nanoscale wire or other nanostructure having a region that is electrically-polarizable, for example, a nanoscale wire may comprise a core and an electrically-polarizable shell. In some cases, the electrically-polarizable region is able to retain its polarization state in the absence of an external electric field. All, or only a portion, of the electricallypolarizable region may be polarized, for example, to encode one or more bits of data. In one set of embodiments, the electrically-polarizable region comprises a functional oxide or a ferroelectric oxide material, for example, BaTiO04-16-2009
20090256132MEMORY CELL THAT INCLUDES A CARBON-BASED MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In accordance with aspects of the invention, a method of forming a memory cell is provided, the method including forming a steering element above a substrate, and forming a memory element coupled to the steering element, wherein the memory element comprises a carbon-based material having a thickness of not more than ten atomic layers. The memory element may be formed by repeatedly performing the following steps: forming a layer of a carbon-based material, the layer having a thickness of about one monolayer, and subjecting the layer of carbon-based material to a thermal anneal. Other aspects are also described.10-15-2009
20090242868SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solid electrolyte memory involves a problem that stable rewriting is difficult since the amount of ions in the solid electrolyte and the shape of the electrode are changed by repeating rewriting. In a semiconductor device in which information is stored or the circuit connection is changed by the change of resistance of the solid electrolyte layer, the solid electrolyte layer includes a composition, for example, of Cu—Ta—S and an ion supply layer in adjacent or close therewith as Cu—Ta—O, in which ions supplied from the ion supply layer form a conduction path in the solid electrolyte layer thereby making it possible to store information by the level of the resistance and applying the electric pulse to change the resistance, in which the ion supply layer includes crystals having, for example, a compositional ratio of: Cu—Ta—O=1:2:6 and rewriting operation can be performed stably.10-01-2009
20090250682PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE - Provided is a phase change memory device. The phase change memory device includes a first electrode and a second electrode. A phase change material pattern is interposed between the first and second electrodes. A phase change auxiliary pattern is in contact with at least one side of the phase change material pattern. The phase change auxiliary pattern includes a compound having a chemical formula expressed as D10-08-2009
20090256129Sidewall structured switchable resistor cell - A method of making a memory device includes forming a first conductive electrode, forming an insulating structure over the first conductive electrode, forming a resistivity switching element on a sidewall of the insulating structure, forming a second conductive electrode over the resistivity switching element, and forming a steering element in series with the resistivity switching element between the first conductive electrode and the second conductive electrode, wherein a height of the resistivity switching element in a first direction from the first conductive electrode to the second conductive electrode is greater than a thickness of the resistivity switching element in second direction perpendicular to the first direction.10-15-2009
20090127536INTEGRATED CIRCUIT HAVING DIELECTRIC LAYER INCLUDING NANOCRYSTALS - An integrated circuit includes a first electrode, resistivity changing material coupled to the first electrode, and a second electrode. The integrated circuit includes a dielectric material layer between the resistivity changing material and the second electrode. The dielectric material layer includes nanocrystals.05-21-2009
20120193600VARIABLE RESISTANCE NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND VARIABLE RESISTANCE NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A variable resistance nonvolatile memory element (08-02-2012
20100155687METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A RESISTIVE SWITCHING MEMORY DEVICE AND DEVICES OBTAINED THEREOF - A method for manufacturing a resistive switching memory device comprises providing a substrate comprising an electrical contact, providing on the substrate a dielectric layer comprising a trench exposing the electrical contact, and providing in the trench at least the bottom electrode and the resistive switching element of the resistive memory device. The method may furthermore comprise providing a top electrode at least on or in the trench, in contact with the resistive switching element. The present invention also provides corresponding resistive switching memory devices.06-24-2010
20100148142ALUMINUM COPPER OXIDE BASED MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURE - Memory devices are described along with methods for manufacturing. A memory device as described herein includes a first electrode and a second electrode. The memory device further includes a diode and an anti-fuse metal-oxide memory element comprising aluminum oxide and copper oxide. The diode and the metal-oxide memory element are arranged in electrical series between the first electrode and the second electrode.06-17-2010
20090072217Integrated Circuits; Methods for Manufacturing an Integrated Circuit and Memory Module - Embodiments of the present invention relate generally to integrated circuits, to methods for manufacturing an integrated circuit and to a memory module. In an embodiment of the invention, an integrated circuit is provided having a programmable arrangement. The programmable arrangement includes a substrate having a main processing surface, at least two first electrodes, wherein each of the two first electrodes has a side surface being arranged at a respective angle with regard to the main processing surface, the side surfaces facing one another. The programmable arrangement may further include at least one second electrode and ion conducting material between each of the at least two first electrodes and the at least one second electrode, wherein the at least one second electrode is arranged partially between the side surfaces of the two first electrodes facing one another.03-19-2009
20090072216PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL ARRAY WITH SELF-CONVERGED BOTTOM ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING - An array of phase change memory cells is manufactured by forming a separation layer over an array of contacts, forming a patterning layer on the separation layer and forming an array of mask openings in the patterning layer using lithographic process. Etch masks are formed within the mask openings by a process that compensates for variation in the size of the mask openings that result from the lithographic process. The etch masks are used to etch through the separation layer to define an array of electrode openings exposing the underlying contacts. Electrode material is deposited within the electrode openings; and memory elements are formed over the bottom electrodes. Finally, bit lines are formed over the memory elements to complete the memory cells. In the resulting memory array, the critical dimension of the top surface of bottom electrode varies less than the width of the memory elements in the mask openings.03-19-2009
20090072215PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL IN VIA ARRAY WITH SELF-ALIGNED, SELF-CONVERGED BOTTOM ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING - An array of “mushroom” style phase change memory cells is manufactured by forming a separation layer over an array of contacts, forming an isolation layer on the separation layer and forming an array of memory element openings in the isolation layer using a lithographic process. Etch masks are formed within the memory element openings by a process that compensates for variation in the size of the memory element openings that results from the lithographic process. The etch masks are used to etch through the separation layer to define an array of electrode openings. Electrode material is deposited within the electrode openings; and memory elements are formed within the memory element openings. The memory elements and bottom electrodes are self-aligned.03-19-2009
20100155686MEMRISTIVE DEVICE - A memristive device includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and an active region disposed between the first and second electrodes. At least one of the first and second electrodes is a metal oxide electrode.06-24-2010
20100155688ELECTRIC DEVICE WITH NANOWIRES COMPRISING A PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL - The method according to the invention is directed to manufacturing an electric device (06-24-2010
20120032132Nonvolatile Memory Elements And Memory Devices Including The Same - Nonvolatile memory elements may include a first electrode, a second electrode, a first buffer layer, a second buffer layer and a memory layer. The memory layer may be between the first and second electrodes. The first butter layer may be between the memory layer and the first electrode. The second buffer layer may be between the memory layer and the second electrode. The memory layer may be a multi-layer structure including a first material layer and a second material layer. The first material layer may include a first metal oxide which is of the same group as, or a different group from, a second metal oxide included in the second material layer.02-09-2012
20090321710THREE-TERMINAL CASCADE SWITCH FOR CONTROLLING STATIC POWER CONSUMPTION IN INTEGRATED CIRCUITS - A switching circuit includes a plurality of three-terminal PCM switching devices connected between a voltage supply terminal and a sub-block of logic. Each of the switching devices includes a PCM disposed in contact between a first terminal and a second terminal, a heating device disposed in contact between the second terminal and a third terminal, the heating device positioned proximate the PCM, and configured to switch the conductivity of a transformable portion of the PCM between a lower resistance state and a higher resistance state; and an insulating layer configured to electrically isolate the heater from said PCM material, and the heater from the first terminal. The third terminal of a first of the PCM switching devices is coupled to a set/reset switch, and the third terminal of the remaining PCM switching devices is coupled to the second terminal of an adjacent PCM switching device in a cascade configuration.12-31-2009
20130214236USING TiON AS ELECTRODES AND SWITCHING LAYERS IN ReRAM DEVICES - A single TiON film is used to form a ReRAM device by varying the oxygen and nitrogen content throughout the device to form the electrodes and switching layer. A ReRAM device that can be formed in a single deposition chamber is also disclosed. The ReRAM device can be formed by forming a first titanium nitride layer, forming atitanium oxynitride-titanium oxide-titanium oxynitride layer, and then forming a second titanium nitride.08-22-2013
20130214237NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE USING A TUNNEL OXIDE LAYER AND OXYGEN BLOCKING LAYER AS A CURRENT LIMITER ELEMENT - Embodiments of the invention include a method of forming a nonvolatile memory device that contains a resistive switching memory element with improved device switching performance and lifetime, due to the addition of a current limiting component. In one embodiment, the current limiting component comprises a resistive material configured to improve the switching performance and lifetime of the resistive switching memory element. The electrical properties of the current limiting layer are configured to lower the current flow through the variable resistance layer during the logic state programming steps by adding a fixed series resistance in the resistive switching memory element found in the nonvolatile memory device. In one embodiment, the current limiting component comprises a tunnel oxide layer that is a current limiting material and an oxygen barrier layer that is an oxygen deficient material disposed within a resistive switching memory element in a nonvolatile resistive switching memory device.08-22-2013
20130214238Method for Forming Metal Oxides and Silicides in a Memory Device - Embodiments of the invention generally relate to memory devices and methods for fabricating such memory devices. In one embodiment, a method for fabricating a resistive switching memory device includes depositing a metallic layer on a lower electrode disposed on a substrate and exposing the metallic layer to an activated oxygen source while heating the substrate to an oxidizing temperature within a range from about 300° C. to about 600° C. and forming a metal oxide layer from an upper portion of the metallic layer during an oxidation process. The lower electrode contains a silicon material and the metallic layer contains hafnium or zirconium. Subsequent to the oxidation process, the method further includes heating the substrate to an annealing temperature within a range from greater than 600° C. to about 850° C. while forming a metal silicide layer from a lower portion of the metallic layer during a silicidation process.08-22-2013
20130214239METHOD FOR MANUFACTORING A CARBON-BASED MEMORY ELEMENT AND MEMORY ELEMENT - A method for manufacturing a resistive memory element includes providing a storage layer comprising a resistance changeable material, said resistance changeable material comprising carbon; providing contact layers for contacting the storage layer, wherein the storage layer is disposed between a bottom contact layer and a top contact layer; and doping the resistance changeable material with a dopant material.08-22-2013
20100176366Nonvolatile memory cell including carbon storage element formed on a silicide layer - A nonvolatile memory cell includes a storage element, the storage element comprising a carbon material, a steering element located in series with the storage element, and a metal silicide layer located adjacent to the carbon material. A method of making a device includes forming a metal silicide over a silicon layer, forming a carbon layer over the metal silicide layer, forming a barrier layer over the carbon layer, and patterning the carbon layer, the metal silicide layer, and the silicon layer to form an array of pillars.07-15-2010
20100193761PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION MEMORY CELL WITH LAYERED SOLID ELECTROLYTE STRUCTURE - Programmable metallization memory cells having an active electrode, an opposing inert electrode and a variable resistive element separating the active electrode from the inert electrode. The variable resistive element includes a plurality of alternating solid electrolyte layers and electrically conductive layers. The electrically conductive layers electrically couple the active electrode to the inert electrode in a programmable metallization memory cell. Methods to form the same are also disclosed.08-05-2010
20090078926PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A phase change memory device comprising an electrode, a phase change layer crossing and contacting the electrode at a cross region thereof, and a transistor comprising a source and a drain, wherein the drain of the transistor electrically connects the electrode or the phase change layer is disclosed.03-26-2009
20090078925Resistance variable memory device with sputtered metal-chalcogenide region and method of fabrication - A chalcogenide-based programmable conductor memory device and method of forming the device, wherein a chalcogenide glass region is provided with a plurality of alternating tin chalcogenide and metal layers proximate thereto. The method of forming the device comprises sputtering the alternating tin chalcogenide and metal layers.03-26-2009
20100187493Semiconductor storage device and method of manufacturing the same - Disclosed is a semiconductor storage device including a first electrode formed by being embedded in an insulating film formed on a substrate, a second electrode formed to be opposed to the first electrode, a storage layer formed between the first electrode and the second electrode, the storage layer being on a side of the first electrode, an ion source layer formed between the storage layer and the second electrode, and a diffusion prevention layer formed of a manganese oxide layer between the insulating film and the first electrode.07-29-2010
20100258781RESISTIVE SWITCHING MEMORY ELEMENT INCLUDING DOPED SILICON ELECTRODE - A resistive switching memory element including a doped silicon electrode is described, including a first electrode comprising doped silicon having a first work function, a second electrode having a second work function that is different from the first work function by between 0.1 and 1.0 electron volts (eV), a metal oxide layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the metal oxide layer switches using bulk-mediated switching and has a bandgap of greater than 4 eV, and the memory element switches from a low resistance state to a high resistance state and vice versa.10-14-2010
20100213433NON-VOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A non-volatile semiconductor storage device includes memory cells, each of which is arranged at an intersection between a first wiring and a second wiring intersecting each other. Each of the memory cells includes: a first electrode layer; a plurality of variable resistance layers laminated on the first electrode layer and functioning as variable resistance elements; a second electrode layer formed between the variable resistance layers; and a third electrode layer formed on the top one of the variable resistance layers. Each of the variable resistance layers is composed of a material containing carbon.08-26-2010
20100193765INVERTED VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY CELL AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - An inverted variable resistance memory cell and a method of fabricating the same. The memory cell is fabricated by forming an opening in an insulating layer deposited over a semiconductor substrate, etching the top portion of the opening to have a substantially hemispherical-shape, forming a metal layer in the opening, and overlying a variable resistance material over the metal layer.08-05-2010
20100193762NON-VOLATILE MEMORY CELL AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A non-volatile memory cell and a fabrication method thereof are provided. The non-volatile memory cell includes an anode; a cathode having a surface facing the anode; a specific structure disposed on the surface; and an ion conductor disposed among the anode, the cathode and the specific structure, wherein the specific structure is one of a bulging area on the surface of the cathode and an insulating layer with an opening.08-05-2010
20100193763CURRENT CONSTRICTING PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT STRUCTURE - A layer of nanoparticles having a dimension on the order of 10 nm is employed to form a current constricting layer or as a hardmask for forming a current constricting layer from an underlying insulator layer. The nanoparticles are preferably self-aligning and/or self-planarizing on the underlying surface. The current constricting layer may be formed within a bottom conductive plate, within a phase change material layer, within a top conductive plate, or within a tapered liner between a tapered via sidewall and a via plug contains either a phase change material or a top conductive material. The current density of the local structure around the current constricting layer is higher than the surrounding area, thus allowing local temperature to rise higher than surrounding material. The total current required to program the phase change memory device, and consequently the size of a programming transistor, is reduced due to the current constricting layer.08-05-2010
20100276658Resistive Memory Structure with Buffer Layer - A memory device comprises first and second electrodes with a memory element and a buffer layer located between and electrically coupled to them. The memory element comprises one or more metal oxygen compounds. The buffer layer comprises at least one of an oxide and a nitride. Another memory device comprises first and second electrodes with a memory element and a buffer layer, having a thickness of less than 50 Å, located between and electrically coupled to them. The memory comprises one or more metal oxygen compounds. An example of a method of fabricating a memory device includes forming first and second electrodes. A memory, located between and electrically coupled to the first and the second electrodes, is formed; the memory comprises one or more metal oxygen compounds and the buffer layer comprises at least one of an oxide and a nitride.11-04-2010
20100237317RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY, NONVOLATILE MEMORY, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY - A resistive random access memory includes a lower electrode; a metal oxide film formed on the lower electrode and having a variable resistance, the metal oxide film having a first portion containing a metal element forming the metal oxide film and a second portion richer in oxygen than the first portion; and an upper electrode formed on the metal oxide film.09-23-2010
20100213432PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND FABRICATION THEREOF - A method for forming a phase change memory device is disclosed. A substrate with a bottom electrode thereon is provided. A heating electrode and a dielectric layer are formed on the bottom electrode, wherein the heating electrode is surrounded by the dielectric layer. The heating electrode is etched to form recess in the dielectric layer. A phase change material is deposited on the dielectric layer, filling into the recess. The phase change material is polished to remove a portion of the phase change material exceeding the surface of the dielectric layer and a phase change layer is formed confined in the recess of the dielectric layer. A top electrode is formed on the phase change layer and the dielectric layer.08-26-2010
20120228577PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device includes a mold oxide layer on a substrate, a lower electrode on the mold oxide layer and connected to the substrate, a blocking structure covering a part of the lower electrode and including an etch-stop layer and a blocking structure insulating layer, and a phase change layer covering a remaining part of the lower electrode not covered by the blocking structure, The etch-stop layer includes a material having a higher etching selectivity than that of the lower electrode.09-13-2012
20100224849Oxide diode, method of manufacturing the same, and electronic device and resistive memory device including the same - Provided are an oxide diode, a method of fabricating the oxide diode, and an electronic device including the oxide diode. The oxide diode may include an n-type oxide layer treated with plasma, and a p-type oxide layer on the n-type oxide layer. The plasma may include nitrogen.09-09-2010
20100224850Non-Volatile Memory Cells Employing a Transition Metal Oxide Layer as a Data Storage Material Layer and Methods of Manufacturing the Same - Non-volatile memory cells employing a transition metal oxide layer as a data storage material layer are provided. The non-volatile memory cells include a lower and upper electrodes overlapped with each other. A transition metal oxide layer pattern is provided between the lower and upper electrodes. The transition metal oxide layer pattern is represented by a chemical formula M09-09-2010
20100001253Method for delineation of phase change memory cell via film resistivity modification - A PCM cell structure comprises a first electrode, a phase change element, and a second electrode, wherein the phase change element is inserted in between the first electrode and the second electrode and only the peripheral edge of the first electrode contacts the phase change element thereby reducing the contact area between the phase change element and the first electrode and thereby increasing the current density through the phase change element and effectively inducing the phase change at lower levels of current and reduced programming power.01-07-2010
20100237318PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE USING CARBON NANOTUBE - Provided are a phase change memory device that can operate at low power and improve the scale of integration by reducing a contact area between a phase change material and a bottom electrode, and a method for fabricating the same. The phase change memory comprises a current source electrode, a phase change material layer, a plurality of carbon nanotube electrodes, and an insulation layer. The current source electrode supplies external current to a target. The phase change material layer is disposed to face the current source electrode in side direction. The carbon nanotube electrodes are disposed between the current source electrode and the phase change material layer. The insulation layer is formed outside the carbon nanotube electrodes and functions to reduce the loss of heat generated at the carbon nanotube electrodes.09-23-2010
201002373164F2 SELF ALIGN SIDE WALL ACTIVE PHASE CHANGE MEMORY - Arrays of memory cells are described along with devices thereof and method for manufacturing. Memory cells described herein include self-aligned side wall memory members comprising an active programmable resistive material. In preferred embodiments the area of the memory cell is 4F09-23-2010
20100252798STORAGE ELEMENT, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME, AND SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE - Disclosed herein is a storage element including: a first electrode; a second electrode formed in a position opposed to the first electrode; and a variable-resistance layer formed so as to be interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The first electrode is a tubular object, and is formed so as to be thicker on an opposite side from the variable-resistance layer than on a side of the variable-resistance layer.10-07-2010
20100001254RESISTANCE MEMORY ELEMENT - A resistance memory element is provided which has a relatively high switching voltage and whose resistance can be changed at a relatively high rate. The resistance memory element includes an elementary body and a pair of electrodes opposing each other with at least part of the elementary body therebetween. The elementary body is made of a semiconductor ceramic expressed by a formula: {(Sr01-07-2010
20100001252Resistance Changing Memory Cell - An integrated circuit includes a plurality of programmable metallization memory cells. Each memory cell includes a memory element having a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer, and a resistance changing material layer arranged between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer. The resistance changing material layer includes an active matrix material layer made of a chalcogenide material including at least one chalcogen and at least one electropositive element, wherein the chalcogenide material is not GeS, GeSe, AgSe or CuS.01-07-2010
20110006278VARIABLE RESISTANCE NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A variable resistance non-volatile memory device of the laminated structure of an upper electrode a variable resistance material a lower electrode includes an insulating film formed for being contacted with the variable resistance material and a reset electrode formed for being contacted with the insulating film without being contacted with the upper electrode or the lower electrode. The device is reset by applying a voltage to the reset electrode. A low resistance value for the set state and a high resistance value for the reset state may be obtained as the current during the reset operation of the device is reduced. A low reset current and a high resistance ratio between the resistance value for the set state and that for the reset state are simultaneously achieved.01-13-2011
20100127234PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING AN INCREASED SENSING MARGIN FOR CELL EFFICIENCY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device having an increased sensing margin for improved cell efficiency. The phase change memory device includes a plurality of diodes formed in an active region of a semiconductor substrate; an insulation layer pattern formed on the respective diodes; a phase change layer formed on the insulation layer pattern in such a way as not to be electrically connected with the diodes; bit lines formed over the phase change layer; and a global X-decoder line formed over the bit lines. The present invention suppresses current flow in a phase change memory device because the dummy cell string and the dummy active region are not electrically connected with each other under the global X-decoder line, whereby preventing parasitic current from being produced in the phase change memory device.05-27-2010
20100243983CONTROLLED LOCALIZED DEFECT PATHS FOR RESISTIVE MEMORIES - Controlled localized defect paths for resistive memories are described, including a method for forming controlled localized defect paths including forming a first electrode forming a metal oxide layer on the first electrode, masking the metal oxide to create exposed regions and concealed regions of a surface of the metal oxide, and altering the exposed regions of the metal oxide to create localized defect paths beneath the exposed regions.09-30-2010
20100140583PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREFOR - A phase change memory device and fabricating method are provided. A disk-shaped phase change layer is buried within the insulating material. A center via and ring via are formed by a lithography. The center via is located in the center of the phase change layer and passes through the phase change layer, and the ring via takes the center via as a center. A heating electrode within the center via performs Joule heating of the phase change layer, and the contact area between the phase change layer and the heating electrode is reduced by controlling the thickness of the phase change layer. Furthermore, a second electrode within the ring via dissipates the heat transmitted to the contact interface between the phase change layers, so as to avoid transmitting the heat to the etching boundary at the periphery of the phase change layer.06-10-2010
20080315173INTEGRATED CIRCUIT HAVING MULTILAYER ELECTRODE - An integrated circuit includes a contact and a first electrode coupled to the contact. The first electrode includes at least two electrode material layers. The at least two electrode material layers include different materials. The integrated circuit includes a second electrode and a resistivity changing material between the first electrode and the second electrode.12-25-2008
20090256130MEMORY CELL THAT EMPLOYS A SELECTIVELY FABRICATED CARBON NANO-TUBE REVERSIBLE RESISTANCE-SWITCHING ELEMENT, AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some aspects, a method of fabricating a memory cell is provided that includes fabricating a steering element above a substrate, and fabricating a reversible-resistance switching element coupled to the steering element by fabricating a carbon nano-tube (“CNT”) seeding layer by depositing a silicon-germanium layer above the substrate, patterning and etching the CNT seeding layer, and selectively fabricating CNT material on the CNT seeding layer. Numerous other aspects are provided.10-15-2009
20100032642Method of Manufacturing a Resistivity Changing Memory Cell, Resistivity Changing Memory Cell, Integrated Circuit, and Memory Module - According to an embodiment, a method of manufacturing an integrated circuit including a plurality of resistivity changing memory cells is provided. The method includes: forming a stack of layers including a resistivity changing layer, a first conductive layer, a second conductive layer, and a patterned masking layer which are stacked above each other in this order; patterning the second conductive layer using the masking layer as a patterning mask; patterning the first conductive layer using the second conductive layer as a patterning mask; and patterning the resistivity changing layer using the first conductive layer as a patterning mask.02-11-2010
20090250681Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells, Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Arrays, And Methods Of Forming Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells And Memory Arrays - A method of forming a non-volatile resistive oxide memory cell includes forming a first conductive electrode of the memory cell as part of a substrate. Insulative material is deposited over the first electrode. An opening is formed into the insulative material over the first electrode. The opening includes sidewalls and a base. The opening sidewalls and base are lined with a multi-resistive state layer comprising multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material which less than fills the opening. A second conductive electrode of the memory cell is formed within the opening laterally inward of the multi-resistive state layer lining the sidewalls and elevationally over the multi-resistive state layer lining the base. Other aspects and implementations are contemplated.10-08-2009
20090321708PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING PROTECTIVE LAYER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device includes a plurality of phase change structures, each with a phase change material layer, disposed on a semiconductor substrate, a first protective layer formed to cover surfaces of the plurality of phase change structures, an atom adsorption enhancement layer formed on a surface of the first protective layer, and a second protective layer formed on a surface of the atom adsorption enhancement layer.12-31-2009
20090114899RESISTANCE MEMORY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A resistance memory is manufactured using semiconductor processing to comprise planar dual-tip electrodes so that the electric field in the resistance memory is concentrated to reduce the number of fuses in the dielectric material and improve the device characteristics. The resistance memory comprises: a first memory cell including a first bottom electrode and a common top electrode; and a second memory cell including a second bottom electrode and the common top electrode shared with the first memory cell; wherein the first bottom electrode, the second bottom electrode and the common top electrode are disposed on the same plane and are separated by a resistive conversion layer; wherein the common top electrode is connected to the ground through a via, while the first bottom electrode and the second bottom electrode are connected to the source of a transistor through a plug, respectively.05-07-2009
20090039338Phase change memory devices and fabrication methods thereof - In a memory device, at least one conductive contact having a width of less than, or equal to, about 30 nm may be formed on a first electrode. A dielectric layer may be formed on the sides of the at least one conductive contact, and a phase change material film may be formed on the conductive contact. A second electrode may be formed on the phase change material.02-12-2009
20090039335SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE SAME - On an insulating film (02-12-2009
20090039334PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase-change memory device and a fabrication method thereof, capable of reducing driving current while minimizing a size of a contact hole used for forming a PN diode in the phase-change memory device that employs the PN diode. The method of fabricating the phase-change memory device includes the steps of preparing a semiconductor substrate having a junction area formed with a dielectric layer, forming an interlayer dielectric layer having etching selectivity lower than that of the dielectric layer over an entire structure, and forming a contact hole by removing predetermined portions of the interlayer dielectric layer and the dielectric layer. The contact area between the PN diode and the semiconductor substrate is increased so that interfacial resistance is reduced.02-12-2009
20090039333PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device includes a silicon substrate having a bar-type active region and an N-type impurity region formed in a surface of the active region. A first insulation layer is formed on the silicon substrate, and the first insulation layer includes a plurality of first contact holes and second contact holes. PN diodes are formed in the first contact holes. Heat sinks are formed in the first contact holes on the PN diodes, and contact plugs fill the second contact holes. A second insulation layer having third contact holes is formed on the first insulation layer. Heaters fill the third contact holes. A stack pattern of a phase change layer and a top electrode is formed to contact the heaters. The heat sink quickly cools heat transferred from the heater to the phase change layer.02-12-2009
20090039332RESISTIVE NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - The present disclosure provides a memory cell. The memory cell includes a first electrode, a variable resistive material layer coupled to the first electrode, a metal oxide layer coupled the variable resistive material layer; and a second electrode coupled to the metal oxide layer. In an embodiment, the metal oxide layer provides a constant resistance.02-12-2009
20090072218Higher threshold voltage phase change memory - A phase change memory may be formed of a phase change material alloy that produces a higher threshold voltage and, in some cases, is operable at higher temperatures. For example, the formulation may include a poor metal, antimony, and at least one of tellurium or selenium.03-19-2009
20110108794Phase Changeable Memory Devices - Phase changeable memory devices are provided. A phase changeable memory device may include two first electrodes spaced apart from each other. The phase changeable memory device may also include a common phase changeable material contacting a sidewall of each of the two first electrodes. The phase changeable memory device may further include a second electrode overlying the common phase changeable material. A top surface of each of the two first electrodes may not physically contact the phase changeable material.05-12-2011
200900147064F2 SELF ALIGN FIN BOTTOM ELECTRODES FET DRIVE PHASE CHANGE MEMORY - Arrays of memory cells are described along with devices thereof and method for manufacturing. Memory cells described herein include memory elements comprising programmable resistive material and self-aligned bottom electrodes. In preferred embodiments the area of the memory cell is 4F01-15-2009
20100295012NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, AND NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A nonvolatile memory element comprises a resistance variable element 11-25-2010
20100301303Forming Phase-Change Memory Using Self-Aligned Contact/Via Scheme - An integrated circuit structure includes a dielectric layer having an upper portion and a lower portion. The dielectric layer is either an inter-layer dielectric (ILD) or an inter-metal dielectric (IMD). A phase change random access memory (PCRAM) cell includes a phase change strip, wherein the phase change strip is on the lower portion and has a top surface lower than a top surface of the dielectric layer, and a bottom surface higher than a bottom surface of the dielectric layer. A first conductive column is electrically connected to the phase change strip. The first conductive column extends from the top surface of the dielectric layer down into the dielectric layer. A second conductive column is in a peripheral region. The second conductive column extends from the top surface of the dielectric layer down into the dielectric layer. The first conductive column and the second conductive column have different heights.12-02-2010
20100314601PHASE CHANGE MEMORY HAVING STABILIZED MICROSTRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD - A memory device having a phase change material element with a modified stoichiometry in the active region does not exhibit drift in set state resistance. A method for manufacturing the memory device includes first manufacturing an integrated circuit including an array of phase change memory cells with bodies of phase change material having a bulk stoichiometry; and then applying forming current to the phase change memory cells in the array to change the bulk stoichiometry in active regions of the bodies of phase change material to the modified stoichiometry, without disturbing the bulk stoichiometry outside the active regions. The bulk stoichiometry is characterized by stability under the thermodynamic conditions outside the active region, while the modified stoichiometry is characterized by stability under the thermodynamic conditions inside the active region.12-16-2010
20120068147PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND FABRICATION THEREOF - A method for forming a phase change memory device is disclosed. A substrate with a bottom electrode thereon is provided. A heating electrode and a dielectric layer are formed on the bottom electrode, wherein the heating electrode is surrounded by the dielectric layer. The heating electrode is etched to form recess in the dielectric layer. A phase change material is deposited on the dielectric layer, filling into the recess. The phase change material is polished to remove a portion of the phase change material exceeding the surface of the dielectric layer and a phase change layer is formed confined in the recess of the dielectric layer. A top electrode is formed on the phase change layer and the dielectric layer.03-22-2012
20110001116BACK TO BACK RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY CELLS - A resistive random access memory device formed on a semiconductor substrate comprises an interlayer dielectric having a via formed therethrough. A chemical-mechanical-polishing stop layer is formed over the interlayer dielectric. A barrier metal liner lines walls of the via. A conductive plug is formed in the via. A first barrier metal layer is formed over the chemical-mechanical-polishing stop layer and in electrical contact with the conductive plug. A dielectric layer is formed over the first barrier metal layer. An ion source layer is formed over the dielectric layer. A dielectric barrier layer is formed over the ion source layer, and includes a via formed therethrough communicating with the ion source layer. A second barrier metal layer is formed over the dielectric barrier layer and in electrical contact with the ion source layer. A metal interconnect layer is formed over the barrier metal layer.01-06-2011
20110108793JUNCTIONS COMPRISING MOLECULAR BILAYERS FOR THE USE IN ELECTRONIC DEVICES - The present invention relates to asymmetric molecular bilayers for the use in the junctions of electronic devices, such as crossbar junctions, comprising the general structure E05-12-2011
20110240950PHASE-CHANGE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase-change random access memory device includes a semiconductor substrate, a bottom electrode structure formed on the semiconductor substrate, a cylindrical bottom electrode contact that includes a conductive material layer, which is in contact with the bottom electrode, and a cylindrical phase-change material layer that is in contact with the bottom electrode contact. Therefore, the contact area between the bottom electrode contact and the phase-change material layer can be minimized.10-06-2011
20110240948MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A memory device includes: a memory layer that is isolated for each memory cell and stores information by a variation of a resistance value; an ion source layer that is formed to be isolated for each memory cell and to be laminated on the memory layer, and contains at least one kind of element selected from Cu, Ag, Zn, Al and Zr and at least one kind of element selected from Te, S and Se; an insulation layer that isolates the memory layer and the ion source layer for each memory cell; and a diffusion preventing barrier that is provided at a periphery of the memory layer and the ion source layer of each memory cell to prevent the diffusion of the element.10-06-2011
20090039331PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL STRUCTURES - Structures including a phase change material are disclosed. The structure may include a first electrode; a second electrode; a phase change material electrically connecting the first electrode and the second electrode for passing a current therethrough; and a tantalum nitride heater layer about the phase change material for converting the phase change material between an amorphous, insulative state and a crystalline, conductive state by application of a second current to the phase change material. The structure may be used as a fuse or a phase change material random access memory (PRAM).02-12-2009
20100133502CMOS-Process-Compatible Programmable Via Device - Programmable via devices and methods for the fabrication thereof are provided. In one aspect, a programmable via device is provided comprising a substrate; a dielectric layer on the substrate; a heater on at least a portion of a side of the dielectric layer opposite the substrate; a first oxide layer over the side of the dielectric layer opposite the substrate and surrounding at least a portion of the heater; a first capping layer over a side of the first oxide layer opposite the dielectric layer; at least one programmable via extending through the first capping layer and the first oxide layer and in contact with the heater, the programmable via comprising at least one phase change material; a second capping layer over the programmable via; a second oxide layer over a side of the first capping layer opposite the first oxide layer; a pair of first conductive vias, each extending through the first and second oxide layers and the first capping layer, and in contact with the heater; and a second conductive via, located between the pair of first conductive vias, extending through the second oxide layer and in contact with the second capping layer.06-03-2010
20120132881CROSS-POINT MEMORY WITH SELF-DEFINED MEMORY ELEMENTS - Some embodiments include a memory device having first structures arranged in a first direction and second structures arranged in a second direction. At least one structure among the first and second structures includes a semiconductor material. The second structures contact the first structures at contact locations. A region at each of the contact locations is configured as memory element to store information based on a resistance of the region. The structures can include nanowires. Other embodiments are described.05-31-2012
20110024714Nanoscale Three-Terminal Switching Device - A nanoscale three-terminal switching device has a bottom electrode, a top electrode, and a side electrode, each of which may be a nanowire. The top electrode extends at an angle with respect to the bottom electrode and has an end section going over and overlapping the bottom electrode. An active region is disposed between the top electrode and bottom electrode and contains a switching material. The side electrode is disposed opposite from the top electrode and in electrical contact with the active region. A self-aligned fabrication process may be used to automatically align the formation of the top and side electrodes with respect to the bottom electrode.02-03-2011
20110024715METHOD OF FABRICATING AG-DOPED TE-BASED NANO-MATERIAL AND MEMORY DEVICE USING THE SAME - A nano-ionic memory device is provided. The memory device includes a substrate, a chemically inactive lower electrode provided on the substrate, a solid electrolyte layer provided on the lower electrode and including a silver (Ag)-doped telluride (Te)-based nano-material, and an oxidizable upper electrode provided on the electrolyte layer.02-03-2011
20090065760RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICES - Methods of forming a resistive memory device include forming an insulation layer on a semiconductor substrate including a conductive pattern, forming a contact hole in the insulation layer to expose the conductive pattern, forming a lower electrode in the contact hole, forming a variable resistive oxide layer in the contact hole on the lower electrode, forming a middle electrode in the contact hole on the variable resistive oxide layer, forming a buffer oxide layer on the middle electrode and the insulation layer, and forming an upper electrode on the buffer oxide layer. Related resistive memory devices are also disclosed.03-12-2009
20090065758PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ARRAY AND FABRICATION THEREOF - A phase change memory array is disclosed, comprising a first cell having a patterned phase change layer, and a second cell having a patterned phase change layer, wherein the patterned phase change layer of the first cell and the patterned phase change layer of the second cell are disposed at different layers.03-12-2009
20110031463RESISTANCE-CHANGE MEMORY - According to one embodiment, a resistance-change memory includes a variable resistance element having a laminated structure in which a first electrode, a resistance-change film and a second electrode are laminated, and set to a low-resistance state and a high-resistance state according to stored data, an insulating film provided on a side surface of the variable resistance element, and a fixed resistance element provided on a side surface of the insulating film, and includes a conductive film, the fixed resistance element being connected in parallel with the variable resistance element.02-10-2011
20110031465RESISTANCE VARIABLE ELEMENT AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A resistance variable element of the present invention comprises a first electrode (02-10-2011
20110031464PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING A PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL - A phase change material including a high adhesion phase change material formed on a dielectric material and a low adhesion phase change material formed on the high adhesion phase change material. The high adhesion phase change material includes a greater amount of at least one of nitrogen and oxygen than the low adhesion phase change material. The phase change material is produced by forming a first chalcogenide compound material including an amount of at least one of nitrogen and oxygen on the dielectric material and forming a second chalcogenide compound including a lower percentage of at least one of nitrogen and oxygen on the first chalcogenide compound material. A phase change random access memory device, and a semiconductor structure are also disclosed.02-10-2011
20110031462 Electronic Component, And A Method of Manufacturing An Electronic Component - Provided is an electronic component that includes a first bi-layer stack including a first silicon oxide layer and a first silicon nitride layer, a second bi-layer stack including a second silicon oxide layer and a second silicon nitride layer, and a convertible structure which is convertible between at least two states having different electrical properties, where the convertible structure is arranged between the first bi-layer stack and the second bi-layer stack.02-10-2011
20110114912NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A nonvolatile semiconductor memory device (05-19-2011
20120241713ORGANIC MOLECULAR MEMORY - An organic molecular memory of an embodiment includes a first conductive layer, a second conductive layer, and an organic molecular layer interposed between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer, the organic molecular layer including charge-storage molecular chains or variable-resistance molecular chains, the charge-storage molecular chains or the variable-resistance molecular chains including fused polycyclic groups.09-27-2012
20090166604RESISTANCE TYPE MEMORY DEVICE - A resistance type memory device is provided. The resistance type memory device includes a first and a second conductors and a metal oxide layer. The metal oxide layer is disposed between the first and the second conductors, and the resistance type memory device is defined in a first resistivity. The resistance type memory device is defined in a second resistivity after a first pulse voltage is applied to the metal oxide layer. The resistance type memory device is defined in a third resistivity after a second pulse voltage is applied to the metal oxide layer. The second resistivity is greater than the first resistivity, and the first resistivity is greater than the third resistivity.07-02-2009
20090032795Schottky diode and memory device including the same - A Schottky diode and a memory device including the same are provided. The Schottky diode includes a first metal layer and an Nb-oxide layer formed on the first metal layer.02-05-2009
20110121253MEMORY DEVICE - A memory device is described. The memory device comprises a bottom electrode, a first pair of spacers, a second pair of spacers and a phase-change element. The bottom electrode has a lower horizontal portion and a vertical portion, and the vertical portion has a top surface and a side. The first pair of spacers covers the side of the vertical portion. The second pair of spacers covers a first portion of the top surface of the vertical portion. The phase-change element is contacted a second portion of the top surface of the vertical portion.05-26-2011
20110121252SINGLE MASK ADDER PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT - A method of fabricating a phase change memory element within a semiconductor structure and a semiconductor structure having the same that includes etching an opening to an upper surface of a bottom electrode, the opening being formed of a height equal to a height of a metal region formed within a dielectric layer at a same layer within the semiconductor structure, depositing a conformal film within the opening and recessing the conformal film to expose the upper surface of the bottom electrode, depositing phase change material within the opening, recessing the phase change material within the opening, and forming a top electrode on the recessed phase change material.05-26-2011
20100163832SELF-ALIGNED NANO-CROSS-POINT PHASE CHANGE MEMORY - One embodiment is a phase change memory that includes a heater element transversely contacting a storage element of phase change material. In particular, an end of the storage element contacts an end of the heater element. A first pair of dielectric spacers is positioned on opposite sides of the first heater element and a second pair of dielectric spacers is positioned on opposite sides of the first storage element. The storage element, heater element, and first and second pairs of dielectric spacers can be made by a spacer patterning technique.07-01-2010
20110073833RESISTANCE MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A resistance memory element having a pair of electrodes and an insulating film sandwiched between a pair of electrodes includes a plurality of cylindrical electrodes of a cylindrical structure of carbon formed in a region of at least one of the pair of electrodes, which is in contact with the insulating film. Thus, the position of the filament-shaped current path which contributes to the resistance states of the resistance memory element can be controlled by the positions and the density of the cylindrical electrodes.03-31-2011
20110240949INFORMATION RECORDING DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to one embodiment, an information recording device includes first and second electrodes, a variable resistance layer between the first and second electrodes, and a control circuit which controls the variable resistance layer to n (n is a natural number except 1) kinds of resistance. The variable resistance layer comprises a material filled between the first and second electrodes, and particles arranged in a first direction from the first electrode to the second electrode in the material, and each of the particles has a resistance lower than that of the material. A resistance of the variable resistance layer is decided by a short between the first electrode and at least one of the particles.10-06-2011
20100193764SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A semiconductor device and a method of manufacturing the same with easy formation of a phase change film is realized, realizing high integration at the time of using a phase change film as a memory element.08-05-2010
20110084248CROSS POINT MEMORY ARRAY DEVICES - Cross point memory arrays with CBRAM and RRAM stacks are presented. A cross point memory array includes a first group of substantially parallel conductive lines and a second group of substantially parallel conductive lines, oriented substantially perpendicular to the first group of substantially parallel conductive lines. An array of memory stack is located at the intersections of the first group of substantially parallel conductive lines and the second group of substantially parallel conductive lines, wherein each memory stack comprises a conductive bridge memory element in series with a resistive-switching memory element.04-14-2011
20100038623METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR INCREASING MEMORY DENSITY USING DIODE LAYER SHARING - Methods of forming memory cells are disclosed which include forming a pillar above a substrate, the pillar including a steering element and a memory element, and performing one or more etches vertically through the memory element, but not the steering element, to form multiple memory cells that share a single steering element. Memory cells formed from such methods, as well as numerous other aspects are also disclosed.02-18-2010
20090039336SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - The performance of a semiconductor device capable of storing information is improved. A memory layer of a memory element is formed by a first layer at a bottom electrode side and a second layer at a top electrode side. The first layer contains 20-70 atom % of at least one element of a first element group of Cu, Ag, Au, Al, Zn, and Cd, contains 3-40 atom % of at least one element of a second element group of V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, Ti, Zr, Hf, Fe, Co, Ni, Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Ru, Os, and lanthanoid elements, and contains 20-60 atom % of at least one element of a third element group of S, Se, and Te. The second layer contains 5-50 atom % of at least one element of the first element group, 10-50 atom % of at least one element of the second element group, and 30-70 atom % of oxygen.02-12-2009
20100012916PHASE CHANGE MEMORY - A phase change memory and the method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The phase change memory includes a word line, a phase change element, a plurality of heating parts, and a plurality of bit lines. The phase change material layer is electrically connected to the word line and the heating parts. Each heating part is electrically connected to a respective bit line.01-21-2010
20100012917SEMICONDUCTOR DEVIC - On an insulating film (01-21-2010
20100038622CONNECTIBLE NANOTUBE CIRCUIT - Carbon nanotube template arrays may be edited to form connections between proximate nanotubes and/or to delete undesired nanotubes or nanotube junctions.02-18-2010
20090032794PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A phase change memory device is disclosed. A first dielectric layer having a sidewall is provided. A bottom electrode is adjacent to the sidewall of the first dielectric layer, wherein the bottom electrode comprises a seed layer and a conductive layer. A second dielectric layer is adjacent to a side of the bottom electrode opposite the sidewall of the first dielectric layer. A top electrode couples the bottom electrode through a phase change layer.02-05-2009
20090032793Resistor Random Access Memory Structure Having a Defined Small Area of Electrical Contact - A memory cell device, of the type that includes a memory material switchable between electrical property states by application of energy, includes first and second electrodes, a plug of memory material (such as phase change material) which is in electrical contact with the second electrode, and an electrically conductive film which is supported by a dielectric form and which is in electrical contact with the first electrode and with the memory material plug. The dielectric form is wider near the first electrode, and is narrower near the phase change plug. The area of contact of the conductive film with the phase change plug is defined in part by the geometry of the dielectric form over which the conductive film is formed. Also, methods for making the device include steps of constructing a dielectric form over a first electrode, and forming a conductive film over the dielectric form.02-05-2009
20100065806PROGRAMMABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICES AND SYSTEMS USING THE SAME AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A programmable resistance memory element and method of forming the same. The memory element includes a first electrode, a dielectric layer over the first electrode and a second electrode over the dielectric layer. The dielectric layer and the second electrode each have sidewalls. A layer of programmable resistance material, e.g., a phase change material, is in contact with the first electrode and at least a portion of the sidewalls of the dielectric layer and the second electrode. Memory devices including memory elements and systems incorporating such memory devices are also disclosed.03-18-2010
20100072450PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE WITH HEATER ELECTRODES HAVING FINE CONTACT AREA AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device includes a semiconductor substrate having a conductive region, a heater electrode formed on the semiconductor substrate and including a connection element which is composed of carbon nanotubes electrically connected with the conductive region, and a phase change pattern layer contacting the connection element of the heater electrode.03-25-2010
20120241715SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY - Manufacturing processes for phase change memory have suffered from the problem of chalcogenide material being susceptible to delamination, since this material exhibits low adhesion to high melting point metals and silicon oxide films. Furthermore, chalcogenide material has low thermal stability and hence tends to sublime during the manufacturing process of phase change memory. According to the present invention, conductive or insulative adhesive layers are formed over and under the chalcogenide material layer to enhance its delamination strength. Further, a protective film made up of a nitride film is formed on the sidewalls of the chalcogenide material layer to prevent sublimation of the chalcogenide material layer.09-27-2012
20120241714Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells And Methods Of Forming Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells - A method of forming a non-volatile resistive oxide memory cell includes forming a first conductive electrode of the memory cell as part of a substrate. The first conductive electrode has an elevationally outermost surface and opposing laterally outermost edges at the elevationally outermost surface in one planar cross section. Multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material is formed over the first conductive electrode. Conductive material is deposited over the multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material. A second conductive electrode of the memory cell which comprises the conductive material is received over the multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material. The forming thereof includes etching through the conductive material to form opposing laterally outermost conductive edges of said conductive material in the one planar cross section at the conclusion of said etching which are received laterally outward of the opposing laterally outermost edges of the first conductive electrode in the one planar cross section.09-27-2012
20100065803MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Provided is a resistance variable non-volatile memory device using a trap-controlled Space Charge Limited Current (SCLC), and a manufacturing method thereof. The memory device includes a bottom electrode; an inter-electrode dielectric thin film diffusion prevention film formed on the bottom electrode; a dielectric thin film formed on the inter-electrode dielectric thin film diffusion prevention film and having a plurality of layers with different charge trap densities; and a top electrode formed on the dielectric thin film.03-18-2010
20110175052RESISTANCE-VARIABLE MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING CARBIDE-BASED SOLID ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed are a resistance-variable memory device including a carbide-based solid electrolyte membrane that has stable memory at a high temperature and a manufacturing method thereof. The resistance-variable memory device includes: a lower electrode, the carbide-based solid electrolyte membrane arranged on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode arranged on the solid electrolyte membrane. In addition, the method for manufacturing the resistance-variable memory device comprises: a step for forming the lower electrode on a substrate, a step for forming the carbide-based solid electrolyte membrane on the lower electrode, and a step for forming the upper electrode on the solid electrolyte membrane.07-21-2011
20110073830PHASE CHANGE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change random access memory includes a semiconductor substrate, a switching device pattern formed on the semiconductor substrate, a bottom electrode contact pattern formed on the switching device pattern, a phase change layer pattern formed on the bottom electrode contact pattern, and an insulating layer disposed at a portion of an contact surface between the bottom electrode contact pattern and the phase change layer pattern.03-31-2011
20100123116SWITCHING MATERIALS COMPRISING MIXED NANOSCOPIC PARTICLES AND CARBON NANOTUBES AND METHOD OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME - An improved switching material for forming a composite article over a substrate is disclosed. A first volume of nanotubes is combined with a second volume of nanoscopic particles in a predefined ration relative to the first volume of nanotubes to form a mixture. This mixture can then be deposited over a substrate as a relatively thick composite article via a spin coating process. The composite article may possess improved switching properties over that of a nanotube-only switching article. A method for forming substantially uniform nanoscopic particles of carbon, which contains one or more allotropes of carbon, is also disclosed.05-20-2010
20110073832PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE - A phase-change memory device, including a lower electrode, a phase-change material pattern electrically connected to the lower electrode, and an upper electrode electrically connected to the phase-change material pattern. The lower electrode may include a first structure including a metal semiconductor compound, a second structure on the first structure, the second structure including a metal nitride material, and including a lower part having a greater width than an upper part, and a third structure including a metal nitride material containing an element X, the third structure being on the second structure, the element X including at least one selected from the group of silicon, boron, aluminum, oxygen, and carbon.03-31-2011
20110073828MEMRISTOR AMORPHOUS METAL ALLOY ELECTRODES - A nanoscale switching device comprises at least two electrodes, each of a nanoscale width; and an active region disposed between and in electrical contact with the electrodes, the active region containing a switching material capable of carrying a species of dopants and transporting the dopants under an electrical field, wherein at least one of the electrodes comprises an amorphous conductive material.03-31-2011
20110068316NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT AND NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a nonvolatile memory device includes a plurality of nonvolatile memory elements each of that includes a resistance change film. The resistance change film is capable of recording information by transitioning between a plurality of states having different resistances in response to at least one of a voltage applied to the resistance change film or a current passed through the resistance change film, and the resistance change film includes an oxide containing at least one element selected from the group consisting of Hf, Zr, Ni, Ta, W, Co, Al, Fe, Mn, Cr, and Nb. An impurity element contained in the resistance change film is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Sc, Y, La, V, Ta, B, Ga, In, Tl, C, Si, Ge, Sn, Pb, N, P, As, Sb, Bi, S, Se, and Te, and the impurity element has an absolute value of standard Gibbs energy of oxide formation larger than an absolute value of standard Gibbs energy of oxide formation of the element contained in the oxide.03-24-2011
20110068315SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING RESISTANCE-CHANGE MEMORY - A semiconductor memory device includes first lines and second lines and a memory cell array. The first lines and second lines are formed to intersect each other. The memory cell array includes memory cells arranged at intersections of the first lines and the second lines and each formed by connecting a rectification element and a variable-resistance element in series. The rectification element includes a first semiconductor region having an n-type and a second semiconductor region having a p-type. At least a portion of the first semiconductor region is made of a silicon-carbide mixture (Si03-24-2011
20120119181SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING BUFFER ELECTRODE, METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME, AND MEMORY SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME - A semiconductor device includes a switching device disposed on a substrate. A buffer electrode pattern is disposed on the switching device. The buffer electrode pattern includes a first region having a first vertical thickness, and a second region having a second vertical thickness smaller than the first vertical thickness. A lower electrode pattern is disposed on the first region of the buffer electrode pattern. A trim insulating pattern is disposed on the second region of the buffer electrode pattern. A variable resistive pattern is disposed on the lower electrode pattern.05-17-2012
20090026438SOLID STATE ELECTROLYTE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A method of fabricating a solid state electrolytes memory device is provided. An insulator layer is formed on a substrate. A conductive layer is formed on the insulator layer. At least two openings partially overlapped and capable of communicating with each other are formed in the conductive layer, so that the conductive layer forms at least a pair of tip electrodes. Thereafter, solid state electrolytes are filled in the openings.01-29-2009
20090026437Copper compatible chalcogenide phase change memory with adjustable threshold voltage - A phase change memory cell may include two or more stacked or unstacked series connected memory elements. The cell has a higher, adjustable threshold voltage. A copper diffusion plug may be provided within a pore over a copper line. By positioning the plug below the subsequent chalcogenide layer, the plug may be effective to block copper diffusion upwardly into the pore and into the chalcogenide material. Such diffusion may adversely affect the electrical characteristics of the chalcogenide layer.01-29-2009
20110248236SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A semiconductor device includes a lower electrode, a variable resistance layer disposed over the lower electrode, the variable resistance layer is included a reactive metal layer being interposed between a plurality of oxide resistive layers and an upper electrode disposed over the variable resistance layer.10-13-2011
20080230762PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENTS HAVING A CONFINED PORTION OF PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL ON A RECESSED CONTACT - Methods of fabricating phase change memory elements include forming an insulating layer on a semiconductor substrate, forming a through hole penetrating the insulating layer, forming a lower electrode in the through hole and forming a recess having a sidewall comprising a portion of the insulating layer by selectively etching a surface of the lower electrode relative to the insulating layer. A phase change memory layer is formed on the lower electrode. The phase change memory layer has a portion confined by the recess and surrounded by the insulating layer. An upper electrode is formed on the phase change memory layer. Phase change memory elements are also provided.09-25-2008
20100084626ELECTRONIC DEVICE COMPRISING A CONVERTIBLE STRUCTURE, AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE - An electronic device (04-08-2010
20100032643MEMORY CELL THAT INCLUDES A CARBON-BASED MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - Memory cells, and methods of forming such memory cells, are provided that include a carbon-based reversible resistivity switching material. In particular embodiments, methods in accordance with this invention form a memory cell by (a) depositing a layer of the carbon material above a substrate; (b) doping the deposited carbon layer with a dopant; (c) depositing a layer of the carbon material over the doped carbon layer; and (d) iteratively repeating steps (b) and (c) to form a stack of doped carbon layers having a desired thickness. Other aspects are also provided.02-11-2010
20090001345MEMORY CELL THAT EMPLOYS A SELECTIVELY DEPOSITED REVERSIBLE RESISTANCE-SWITCHING ELEMENT AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some aspects, a method of forming a memory cell is provided that includes (1) forming a first conductor above a substrate; (2) forming a diode above the first conductor; (3) forming a reversible resistance-switching element above the first conductor using a selective deposition process; and (4) forming a second conductor above the diode and the reversible resistance-switching element. Numerous other aspects are provided.01-01-2009
20090001344MEMORY CELL THAT EMPLOYS A SELECTIVELY GROWN REVERSIBLE RESISTANCE-SWITCHING ELEMENT AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some aspects, a method of forming a memory cell is provided that includes (1) forming a first conductor above a substrate; (2) forming a reversible resistance-switching element above the first conductor using a selective growth process; (3) forming a diode above the first conductor; and (4) forming a second conductor above the diode and the reversible resistance-switching element. Numerous other aspects are provided.01-01-2009
20090001343MEMORY CELL THAT EMPLOYS A SELECTIVELY DEPOSITED REVERSIBLE RESISTANCE-SWITCHING ELEMENT AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some aspects, a method of forming a memory cell is provided that includes (1) forming a first conductor above a substrate; (2) forming a diode above the first conductor; (3) forming a reversible resistance-switching element above the first conductor using a selective deposition process; and (4) forming a second conductor above the diode and the reversible resistance-switching element. Numerous other aspects are provided.01-01-2009
20090001341Phase Change Memory with Tapered Heater - An embodiment of the present invention includes a method of forming a nonvolatile phase change memory (PCM) cell. This method includes forming at least one bottom electrode; forming at least one phase change material layer on at least a portion of an upper surface of the bottom electrode; forming at least one heater layer on at least a portion of an upper surface of the phase change material layer; and shaping the heater layer into a tapered shape, such that an upper surface of the heater layer has a cross-sectional width that is longer than a cross-sectional width of a bottom surface of the heater layer contacting the phase change material layer.01-01-2009
20090001342MEMORY CELL THAT EMPLOYS A SELECTIVELY GROWN REVERSIBLE RESISTANCE-SWITCHING ELEMENT AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some aspects, a method of forming a memory cell is provided that includes (1) forming a first conductor above a substrate; (2) forming a reversible resistance-switching element above the first conductor using a selective growth process; (3) forming a diode above the first conductor; and (4) forming a second conductor above the diode and the reversible resistance-switching element. Numerous other aspects are provided.01-01-2009
20090278111RESISTIVE CHANGING DEVICE - A device that incorporates teachings of the present disclosure may include, for example, a memory array having a first array of nanotubes, a second array of nanotubes, and a resistive change material located between the first and second array of nanotubes. Other embodiments are disclosed.11-12-2009
20090140234SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Any of a plurality of contact plugs which reaches a diffusion layer serving as a drain layer of an MOS transistor has an end provided in contact with a lower surface of a thin insulating film provided selectively on an interlayer insulating film. A phase change film constituted by GST to be a chalcogenide compound based phase change material is provided on the thin insulating film, and an upper electrode is provided thereon. Any of the plurality of contact plugs which reaches the diffusion layer serving as a source layer has an end connected directly to an end of a contact plug penetrating an interlayer insulating film.06-04-2009
20090001348SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A programmable semiconductor device has a switch element in an interconnection layer, wherein in at least one of the inside of a via, interconnecting a wire of a first interconnection layer and a wire of a second interconnection layer, a contact part of the via with the wire of the first interconnection layer and a contact part of the via with the wire of the second interconnection layer, there is provided a variable electrical conductivity member, such as a member of an electrolyte material. The via is used as a variable electrical conductivity type switch element or as a variable resistance device having a contact part with the wire of the first interconnection layer as a first terminal and having a contact part with the wire of the second interconnection layer as a second terminal.01-01-2009
20080315172INTEGRATED CIRCUIT INCLUDING VERTICAL DIODE - An integrated circuit includes a vertical diode defined by crossed line lithography.12-25-2008
20080315174VARIABLE RESISTANCE NON-VOLATILE MEMORY CELLS AND METHODS OF FABRICATING SAME - Methods of fabricating integrated circuit memory cells and integrated circuit memory cells are disclosed. An integrated circuit memory cell can be fabricated by forming a cup-shaped electrode on sidewalls of an opening in an insulation layer and through the opening on an ohmic layer that is stacked on a conductive structure. An insulation filling member is formed that at least partially fills an interior of the electrode. The insulation filling member is formed within a range of temperatures that is sufficiently low to not substantially change resistance of the ohmic layer. A variable resistivity material is formed on the insulation filling member and is electrically connected to the electrode.12-25-2008
20110037047PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELLS AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A programmable metallization cell (PMC) that includes an active electrode; a nanoporous layer disposed on the active electrode, the nanoporous layer comprising a plurality of nanopores and a dielectric material; and an inert electrode disposed on the nanoporous layer. Other embodiments include forming the active electrode from silver iodide, copper iodide, silver sulfide, copper sulfide, silver selenide, or copper selenide and applying a positive bias to the active electrode that causes silver or copper to migrate into the nanopores. Methods of formation are also disclosed.02-17-2011
20110037046RESISTANCE-CHANGE MEMORY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to one embodiment, a resistance-change memory includes a laminated structure in which a lower electrode, an insulating film and an upper electrode are stacked, and a resistance-change film provided on a side surface of the laminated structure, and configured to store data in accordance with an electric resistance change.02-17-2011
20090090899Phase change memory device and method of manufacturing the same - A method of manufacturing a phase change memory device includes forming at least one active device on a substrate, forming a bottom electrode electrically connected to the at least one active device, forming a phase change material layer and a top electrode on the bottom electrode, forming a capping layer on an upper surface of the top electrode and on side surfaces of the top electrode and phase change material layer, removing a portion of the capping layer overlapping the upper surface of the top electrode to define capping layer sidewall portions, forming an interlayer insulation film on the capping layer sidewall portions and on the top electrode, removing a portion of the interlayer insulation film from the top electrode to form a contact hole through the interlayer insulation film, and forming a contact plug in the contact hole.04-09-2009
20080277643PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE USING PNP-BJT FOR PREVENTING CHANGE IN PHASE CHANGE LAYER COMPOSITION AND WIDENING BIT LINE SENSING MARGIN - A phase change memory device includes a semiconductor substrate having bar-shaped active regions which extend in a first direction; base regions and emitter regions alternately formed in each active region; lower electrodes formed over the emitter regions to connect to the respective emitter regions; a phase change layer and an upper electrode stacked on each of the lower electrodes; sub bit lines formed over the upper electrodes to come into contact with the corresponding upper electrodes; word lines arranged over the sub bit lines to come into contact with the base regions; and a main bit line formed over the word line to come into contact with the sub bit lines. The phase change memory device is able to prevent a change in the composition of the phase change layer and additionally is able to widen the sensing margin of a bit line.11-13-2008
20090045390Multi-resistive state memory device with conductive oxide electrodes - A memory cell including conductive oxide electrodes is disclosed. The memory cell includes a memory element operative to store data as a plurality of resistive states. The memory element includes a layer of a conductive metal oxide (CMO) (e.g., a perovskite) in contact with an electrode that may comprise one or more layers of material. At least one of those layers of material can be a conductive oxide (e.g., a perovskite such as LaSrCoO02-19-2009
20120273746SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THE RELAXATION OF STRESS IN PHASE MEMORY DEVICES - A phase change memory device that utilizes a nanowire structure. Usage of the nanowire structure permits the phase change memory device to release its stress upon amorphization via the minimization of reset resistance and threshold resistance.11-01-2012
20120267597SIDEWALL THIN FILM ELECTRODE WITH SELF-ALIGNED TOP ELECTRODE AND PROGRAMMABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY - A memory device includes an array of electrodes that includes thin film plates of electrode material. Multilayer strips are arranged as bit lines over respective columns in the array of electrodes, including a layer of memory material and a layer of top electrode material. The multilayer strips have a primary body and a protrusion having a width less than that of the primary body and is self-aligned with contact surfaces on the thin film plates. Memory material in the protrusion contacts surfaces on the distal ends of thin film plates of electrodes in the corresponding column in the array. The device can be made using a damascene process in self-aligned forms over the contact surfaces.10-25-2012
20120267598SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A semiconductor device includes at least first and second electrodes, and a layer including a transition metal oxide layer sandwiched between the first and second electrodes. The transition metal oxide layer includes first and second transition metal oxide layers formed of different first and second transition metals, respectively. The first transition metal oxide layer is provided on the first electrode side, the second transition metal oxide layer is provided on the second electrode side, the first transition metal oxide layer and the second transition metal oxide layer are in contact with each other, the first transition metal oxide layer has an oxygen concentration gradient from the interface between the first transition metal oxide layer and the second transition metal oxide layer toward the first electrode side, and the oxygen concentration at the interface is greater than the oxygen concentration on the first electrode side.10-25-2012
20110253966IONIC-MODULATED DOPANT PROFILE CONTROL IN NANOSCALE SWITCHING DEVICES - A nanoscale switching device is provided, comprising: a first electrode of a nanoscale width; a second electrode of a nanoscale width; an active region disposed between the first and second electrodes, the active region having at least one non-conducting layer comprising an electronically semiconducting or nominally insulating and a weak ionic conductor switching material capable of carrying a species of dopants and transporting the dopants under an electric field; and a source layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and comprising a highly reactive and highly mobile ionic species that reacts with a component in the switching material to create dopants that are capable of drifting through the non-conducting layer under an electric field, thereby controlling dopant profile by ionic modulation. A crossbar array comprising a plurality of the nanoscale switching devices is also provided, along with a process for making at least one nanoscale switching device.10-20-2011
20120032135Phase-Change Memory Units and Phase-Change Memory Devices Using the Same - A phase-change material layer is formed on the lower electrode using a chalcogenide compound doped with carbon, or carbon and nitrogen. A phase-change material layer is obtained by doping a stabilizing metal into the preliminary phase-change material layer. An upper electrode is formed on the phase-change material layer. Since the phase-change material layer may have improved electrical characteristics, stability of phase transition and thermal stability, the phase-change memory unit may have reduced set resistance, enhanced durability, improved reliability, increased sensing margin, reduced driving current, etc.02-09-2012
20100320435PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME - A phase-change memory cell structure includes a bottom diode on a substrate; a heating stem on the bottom diode; a first dielectric layer surrounding the heating stem, wherein the first dielectric layer forms a recess around the heating stem; a phase-change storage cap capping the heating stem and the first dielectric layer; and a second dielectric layer covering the first dielectric layer and the phase-change storage cap wherein the second dielectric layer defines an air gap in the recess.12-23-2010
20120199806POLYSILICON EMITTER BJT ACCESS DEVICE FOR PCRAM - A resistive non-volatile memory cell with a bipolar junction transistor (BJT) access device formed in conjunction with the entire memory cell. The memory cell includes a substrate acting as a collector, a semiconductor base layer acting as a base, and a semiconductor emitter layer acting as an emitter. Additionally, metal plugs and the phase change memory element are formed above the BJT access device while the emitter, metal plugs, and phase change memory element are contained within an insulating region. In one embodiment of the invention, a spacer layer is formed and the emitter layer is contained within the protective spacer layer. The spacer layer is contained within the insulating region.08-09-2012
20110042640METHOD OF FABRICATING PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL - A device with a memory array is disclosed. In one embodiment, the memory array includes a plurality of memory cells, each including an electrode and a phase change material. The electrode may be disposed on a substrate, the electrode having a sublithographic lateral dimension parallel to the substrate. The phase change material may be coupled to the electrode and include a lateral dimension parallel to the substrate and greater than the sublithographic lateral dimension of the electrode.02-24-2011
20100283030MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - Memory devices having a plurality of memory cells, with each memory cell including a phase change material having a laterally constricted portion thereof. The laterally constricted portions of adjacent memory cells are vertically offset and positioned on opposite sides of the memory device. Also disclosed are memory devices having a plurality of memory cells, with each memory cell including first and second electrodes having different widths. Adjacent memory cells have the first and second electrodes offset on vertically opposing sides of the memory device. Methods of forming the memory devices are also disclosed.11-11-2010
20110068317Phase change memory devices, methods of manufacturing and methods of operating the same - A phase change memory device includes a switching device and a storage node connected to the switching device. The storage node includes a bottom stack, a phase change layer disposed on the bottom stack and a top stack disposed on the phase change layer. The phase change layer includes a unit for increasing a path of current flowing through the phase change layer and reducing a volume of a phase change memory region. The area of a surface of the unit disposed opposite to the bottom stack is greater than or equal to the area of a surface of the bottom stack in contact with the phase change layer.03-24-2011
20110133152RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A resistive memory device is provided. The resistive memory device includes a bottom electrode, a resistance-variable layer, and a top electrode. The resistance-variable layer is disposed on the bottom electrode. The top electrode is disposed on the resistance-variable layer. The resistance-variable layer includes a conductive polymer layer that reacts with the top electrode to form an oxide layer.06-09-2011
20110133151MEMORY CELL THAT INCLUDES A CARBON-BASED MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A method of forming a reversible resistance-switching metal-insulator-metal structure is provided, the method including forming a first non-metallic conducting layer, forming a non-conducting layer above the first non-metallic conducting layer, forming a second non-metallic conducting layer above the non-conducting layer, etching the first non-metallic conducting layer, non-conducting layer and second non-metallic conducting layer to form a pillar, and disposing a carbon material layer about a sidewall of the pillar. Other aspects are also provided.06-09-2011
20110253967SWITCHING DEVICE, DRIVE AND MANUFACTURING METHODS FOR THE SAME, INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE AND MEMORY DEVICE - Provided is a switching device including ion conducting part 10-20-2011
20090206318Nonvolatile memory device and method of manufacturing the same - A nonvolatile memory device, including a lower electrode on a semiconductor substrate, a phase change material pattern on the lower electrode, an adhesion pattern on the phase change material pattern and an upper electrode on the adhesion pattern, wherein the adhesion pattern includes a conductor including nitrogen.08-20-2009
20100117051MEMORY CELLS INCLUDING NANOPOROUS LAYERS CONTAINING CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL - A memory cell that includes a first contact having a first surface and an opposing second surface; a second contact having a first surface and an opposing second surface; a memory material layer having a first surface and an opposing second surface; and a nanoporous layer having a first surface and an opposing second surface, the nanoporous layer including at least one nanopore and dielectric material, the at least one nanopore being substantially filled with a conductive metal, wherein a surface of the nanoporous layer is in contact with a surface of the first contact or the second contact and the second surface of the nanoporous layer is in contact with a surface of the memory material layer.05-13-2010
20100117054NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE WITH DATA STORAGE LAYER - Provided is a non-volatile memory device including at least one horizontal electrode, at least one vertical electrode, at least one data storage layer and at least one reaction prevention layer. The least one vertical electrode crosses the at least one horizontal electrode. The at least one data storage layer is located in regions in which the at least one vertical electrode crosses the at least one horizontal electrode, and stores data by varying its electrical resistance. The at least one reaction prevention layer is located in the regions in which the at least one vertical electrode crosses the at least one horizontal electrode.05-13-2010
20100117050PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT - A phase-change memory element with an electrically isolated conductor is provided. The phase-change memory element includes: a first electrode and a second electrode; a phase-change material layer electrically connected to the first electrode and the second electrode; and at least two electrically isolated conductors, disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, directly contacting the phase-change material layers.05-13-2010
20090200536Method for manufacturing an electric device with a layer of conductive material contracted by nanowire - The electric device (08-13-2009
20110073829PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING A HEATER WITH A TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT RESISTIVITY, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND CIRCUIT OF THE SAME - A phase change memory device having a heater that exhibits a temperature dependent resistivity which provides a way of reducing a reset current is presented. The phase change memory device includes a phase change pattern and a heating electrode contacted with the phase change pattern. The heating electrode includes a smart heating electrode such that the smart heating layer is formed of a conduction material that exhibits an increase in resistance as a function of an increase in temperature, i.e., a positive temperature dependent resistivity.03-31-2011
20110073831FERROELECTRIC POLYMER MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING POLYMER ELECTRODES AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SAME - A method of fabricating a ferroelectric memory module with conducting polymer electrodes, and a ferroelectric memory module fabricated according to the method. The ferroelectric polymer memory module includes a first set of layers including: an ILD layer defining trenches therein; a first electrode layer disposed in the trenches; a first conductive polymer layer disposed on the first electrode layer; and a ferroelectric polymer layer disposed on the first conductive polymer layer. The module further includes a second set of layers including: an ILD layer defining trenches therein; a second conductive polymer layer disposed in the trenches of the ILD layer of the second set of layers; and a second electrode layer disposed on the second conductive polymer layer. The first conductive polymer layer and the second conductive polymer layer cover the electrode layers to provide a reaction and/or diffusion barrier between the electrode layers and the ferroelectric polymer layer.03-31-2011
20110095259RESISTANCE CHANGING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A resistance changing device includes a resistive layer of a hetero structure interposed between a lower electrode and an upper electrode, and including a plurality of resistive material layers, each having a different resistivity, stacked therein, wherein resistivities of the resistive material layers decrease from the lower electrode toward the upper electrode. Since the resistive layer has a hetero structure in which a plurality of resistive material layers, each having a different resistivity, are stacked in such a manner that the resistivity decreases as it goes from the lower electrode to the upper electrode, it is possible to improve the distributions of the set/reset voltage and the set/reset current, while reducing a reset current of a resistance changing device at the same time.04-28-2011
20110175051RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A resistive memory device includes a lower electrode formed on a substrate, a resistive layer formed on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode on the resistive layer, wherein a lower portion of the upper electrode is narrower than an upper portion of the upper electrode.07-21-2011
20110175050Metal Oxide Resistance Based Semiconductor Memory Device With High Work Function Electrode - Various aspect are directed to a memory device or memory cell with a metal-oxide memory element arranged in electrical series along a current path between at least a first electrode, a metal-oxide memory element adjacent to the first electrode, and a second electrode. The first electrode comprises an electrode material having a first work function. The metal-oxide memory element comprises a metal-oxide material having a second work function. The first work function is greater than the second work function. Thermionic emission characterizes the current through this memory.07-21-2011
20130009127RESISTIVE MEMORY AND METHODS OF PROCESSING RESISTIVE MEMORY - Resistive memory and methods of processing resistive memory are described herein. One or more method embodiments of processing resistive memory include forming a resistive memory cell material on an electrode having an access device contact, and forming a heater electrode on the resistive memory cell material after forming the resistive memory cell material on the electrode such that the heater electrode is self-aligned to the resistive memory cell material.01-10-2013
20130009125LOW RESISTANCE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A semiconductor device includes an insulation layer including a cell contact hole, and a switching device in the cell contact hole, at least a part of a top surface of the switching device being inclined with respect to an axial direction of the cell contact hole.01-10-2013
20110260134Thermally Stable Nanoscale Switching Device - A nanoscale switching device provides enhanced thermal stability and endurance to switching cycles. The switching device has an active region disposed between electrodes and containing a switching material capable of carrying a species of dopants and transporting the dopants under an electrical field. At least one of the electrodes is formed of conductive material having a melting point greater than 1800° C.10-27-2011
20100065805PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING A BOTTLENECK CONSTRICTION AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change memory device having a bottleneck constriction and method of making same are presented. The phase change memory device includes a semiconductor substrate, a lower electrode, an interlayer film, an insulator, a phase change layer and an upper electrode. The interlayer film is formed on the semiconductor substrate having the lower electrode. The interlayer film includes a laminate of a first insulating film, a silicon film and a second insulating film with a hole formed therethrough. The insulator is disposed along the exposed surface of the silicon film around the inner circumference of the hole. The phase change layer is embedded within the hole having the insulator which constricts the shape of the phase change layer to a bottleneck constriction. A method of manufacturing the phase change memory device is also provided.03-18-2010
20100038624MEMORY DEVICE HAVING HIGHLY INTEGRATED CELL STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF ITS FABRICATION - In an embodiment, a memory device, with a highly integrated cell structure, includes a mold insulating layer disposed on a semiconductor substrate. At least one conductive line is disposed on the mold insulating layer. Data storage elements self-aligned with the conductive line are interposed between the conductive line and the mold insulating layer. In this case, each of the data storage elements may include a resistor pattern and a barrier pattern, which are sequentially stacked, and the resistor pattern may be self-aligned with the barrier pattern.02-18-2010
20080217600MULTI-LEVEL DATA MEMORISATION DEVICE WITH PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL - The invention relates to a data memorisation device (09-11-2008
20110147696Resistive random access memory devices and resistive random access memory arrays having the same - A resistive random access memory (RRAM) devices and resistive random access memory (RRAM) arrays are provided, the RRAM devices include a first electrode layer, a variable resistance material layer formed of an oxide of a metallic material having a plurality of oxidation states, an intermediate electrode layer on the variable resistance material layer and formed of a conductive material having a lower reactivity with oxygen than the metallic material, and a second electrode layer on the intermediate electrode layer. The RRAM arrays include at least one of the aforementioned RRAM devices.06-23-2011
20100019219RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A resistive memory device and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The resistive memory device includes a lower electrode formed over a substrate, a resistive layer disposed over the lower electrode, an upper electrode formed over the resistive layer, and an oxygen-diffusion barrier pattern provided in an interface between the resistive layer and the upper electrode. The above-described resistive memory device and a method for manufacturing the same may prevent the out diffusion of oxygen in the interface of the upper electrode to avoid set-stuck phenomenon occurring upon the operation of the resistive memory device, thereby improving the endurance of the resistive memory device.01-28-2010
20100019220Phase change random access memory device, method of fabricating the same, and method of operating the same - Provided are a phase change random access memory (PRAM), a method of fabricating the PRAM, and a method of operating the PRAM. The PRAM may include a gate electrode configured to temporarily increase an electrical resistance of the lower electrode contact layer if a voltage is applied to the gate electrode, and around the lower electrode contact layer between a switching device and a phase change layer. A spacer insulating layer is disposed between the lower electrode contact layer and the gate electrode.01-28-2010
20100019218RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A resistive memory device includes: a substrate, an insulation layer arranged over the substrate, a first electrode plug penetrating the insulation layer from the substrate, having a portion protruded out of an upper portion of the insulation layer, and having peaks at edges of the protruded portion, a resistive layer disposed over the insulation layer and covering the first electrode plug, and a second electrode arranged over the resistive layer.01-28-2010
20100258782RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MEMORY ELEMENTS HAVING IMPROVED SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS - Resistive-switching memory elements having improved switching characteristics are described, including a memory element having a first electrode and a second electrode, a switching layer between the first electrode and the second electrode comprising hafnium oxide and having a first thickness, and a coupling layer between the switching layer and the second electrode, the coupling layer comprising a material including metal titanium and having a second thickness that is less than 25 percent of the first thickness.10-14-2010
20110068314SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A semiconductor memory device of an embodiment includes: a cathode electrode formed of a p-type semiconductor material; a resistance change film being in contact with the cathode electrode; and an anode electrode being contact with the resistance change film.03-24-2011
20090173930MEMORY ELEMENT AND MEMORY DEVICE - A memory device of a resistance variation type, in which data retaining characteristic at the time of writing is improved, is provided. The memory device includes: a plurality of memory elements in which a memory layer is provided between a first electrode and a second electrode so that data is written or erased in accordance with a variation in electrical characteristics of the memory layer; and pulse applying means applying a voltage pulse or a current pulse selectively to the plurality of memory elements. The memory layer includes an ion source layer including an ionic-conduction material and at least one kind of metallic element, and the ion source layer further contains oxygen.07-09-2009
20100264397MEMRISTIVE DEVICE WITH A BI-METALLIC ELECTRODE - A memristive device having a bimetallic electrode includes a memristive matrix, a first electrode and a second electrode. The first electrode is in electrical contact with the memristive matrix and the second electrode is in electrical contact with the memristive matrix and an underlying layer. At least one of the first and second electrodes is a bimetallic electrode which includes a conducting layer and a metallic layer.10-21-2010
20120205611HETEROJUNCTION OXIDE NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A memory device includes a first metal layer and a first metal oxide layer coupled to the first metal layer. The memory device includes a second metal oxide layer coupled to the first metal oxide layer and a second metal layer coupled to the second metal oxide layer. The formation of the first metal oxide layer has a Gibbs free energy that is lower than the Gibbs free energy for the formation of the second metal oxide layer08-16-2012
20120305885VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE WITH AN INTERFACIAL ADHESION HEATING LAYER, SYSTEMS USING THE SAME AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A variable resistance memory element and method of forming the same. The memory element includes a first electrode, a resistivity interfacial layer having a first surface coupled to said first electrode; a resistance changing material, e.g. a phase change material, having a first surface coupled to a second surface of said resistivity interfacial layer, and a second electrode coupled to a second surface of said resistance changing material.12-06-2012
20120305884VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A method of forming a memory device includes forming a first interlayer insulating layer on a semiconductor substrate, forming a first electrode in the first interlayer insulating layer, the first electrode having a top surface of a rectangular shape extending in a first direction, and forming a variable resistance pattern on the first electrode, the variable resistance pattern having a bottom surface of a rectangular shape extending in a second direction crossing the first direction, the bottom surface of the variable resistance pattern contacting the first electrode, wherein the area of contact between the lower electrode and the variable resistance pattern is substantially equal to a multiplication of a minor axis length of a top surface of the first electrode and a minor axis length of a bottom surface of the variable resistance pattern.12-06-2012
20120305882NiO-based Resistive Random Access Memory and the Preparation Method Thereof - The present invention belongs to the technical field of memory storage and specially relates to a NiO-based resistive random access memory system (RRAM) and a preparation method thereof. The RRAM is comprised of a substrate and a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) structure, wherein the electrodes are metal films, such as copper, aluminum, etc., capable of being applied to the interconnection process, and the resistive switching insulator is an Al12-06-2012
20120305883METAL OXIDE RESISTIVE SWITCHING MEMORY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - The present disclosure relates to the microelectronics field, and particularly, to a metal oxide resistive switching memory and a method for manufacturing the same. The method may comprise: forming a W-plug lower electrode above a MOS device; sequentially forming a cap layer, a first dielectric layer, and an etching block layer on the W-plug lower electrode; etching the etching block layer, the first dielectric layer, and the cap layer to form a groove for a first level of metal wiring; sequentially forming a metal oxide layer, an upper electrode layer, and a composite layer of a diffusion block layer/a seed copper layer/a plated copper layer in the groove for the first level of metal wiring; patterning the upper electrode layer and the composite layer by CMP, to form a memory cell and the first level of metal wiring in the groove in the first dielectric layer; and performing subsequent processes to complete the metal oxide resistive switching memory. According to the present disclosure, the manufacture process can be simplified, without incorporating additional exposure steps in the standard process, resulting in advantages such as reduced cost.12-06-2012
20120305881Nitrogen Doped Aluminum Oxide Resistive Random Access Memory - A resistive random access memory (RRAM) device is provided that includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a resistance-change film disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, where the resistance-change film includes an atomic ratio of aluminum, oxygen and nitrogen.12-06-2012
20120305879SWITCHING DEVICE HAVING A NON-LINEAR ELEMENT - A switching device includes a substrate; a first electrode formed over the substrate; a second electrode formed over the first electrode; a switching medium disposed between the first and second electrode; and a nonlinear element disposed between the first and second electrodes and electrically coupled in series to the first electrode and the switching medium. The nonlinear element is configured to change from a first resistance state to a second resistance state on application of a voltage greater than a threshold.12-06-2012
20120305880RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY WITH ELECTRIC-FIELD STRENGTHENED LAYER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - This invention belongs to the technical field of memories and specifically relates to a resistive random access memory structure with an electric-field strengthened layer and a manufacturing method thereof. The resistive random access memory in the present invention can include a top electrode, a bottom electrode and a composite layer which is placed between the top electrode and the bottom electrode and have a first resistive switching layer and a second resistive switching and electric-field strengthened layer; the second resistive switching and electric-field strengthened layer cab be adjacent to the first resistive switching layer and have a dielectric constant lower than that of the first resistive switching layer. The electric-field distribution in the RRAM unit is adjustable.12-06-2012
20120305878RESISTIVE SWITCHING MEMORY DEVICE - A nonvolatile memory element may include, but is not limited to: a first electrode; a second electrode; and a resistive switching material disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein at least one of the first electrode or the second electrode includes at least one of a metal cation or metalloid cation having a valence state, oxidation state or oxidation number and wherein the resistive switching material includes at least one of a metal cation or a metalloid cation having the same valence state oxidation state or oxidation number as the at least one of a metal cation or metalloid cation of the at least one of the first electrode or the second electrode.12-06-2012
20120145985Variable Resistance Memory Devices And Methods Of Fabricating The Same - Variable resistance memory devices may include a semiconductor layer including first, second, third doped regions, a variable resistance pattern on the semiconductor layer, a lower electrode between the semiconductor layer and the variable resistance pattern, and a first metal silicide pattern in contact with the semiconductor layer. The third doped region may be spaced apart from the first metal silicide pattern, the first doped region may be spaced apart from the third doped region, and a second doped region may be interposed between the first and third doped regions and be in contact with the first metal silicide pattern. The first doped region may have the same conductivity type as the third doped region and a different conductivity type from the second doped region.06-14-2012
20120145986SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A memory cell comprises a diode layer, a variable resistance layer, a first electrode layer. The diode layer functions as a rectifier element. The variable resistance layer functions as a variable resistance element. The first electrode layer is provided between the variable resistance layer and the diode layer. The first electrode layer comprises a titanium nitride layer configured by titanium nitride. Where a first ratio is defined as a ratio of titanium atoms to nitrogen atoms in a first region in the titanium nitride layer and a second ratio is defined as a ratio of titanium atoms to nitrogen atoms in a second region which is in the titanium nitride layer and is nearer to the variable resistance layer than is the first region, the second ratio is larger than the first ratio.06-14-2012
20120037878ENCAPSULATED PHASE CHANGE CELL STRUCTURES AND METHODS - Methods and devices associated with phase change cell structures are described herein. In one or more embodiments, a method of forming a phase change cell structure includes forming a substrate protrusion that includes a bottom electrode, forming a phase change material on the substrate protrusion, forming a conductive material on the phase change material, and removing a portion of the conductive material and a portion of the phase change material to form an encapsulated stack structure.02-16-2012
20130009124RESISTIVE RAM HAVING THE FUNCTION OF DIODE RECTIFICATION - A type of resistance random access memory structure having the function of diode rectification includes a first electrode, a second electrode and a resistance conversion layer. The resistance conversion layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode; and it includes a first oxidized insulating layer which is adjacently connected to the first electrode; a second oxidized insulating layer which is adjacently connected to the second electrode; as well as an energy barrier turning layer disposing between the first oxidized insulating layer and the second oxidized insulating layer. An energy barrier high can be adjusted and controlled to change the resistance by voltage between the energy barrier turning layer and the first oxidized insulating layer. A fixed energy barrier is formed between the second oxidized insulating layer and the energy barrier turning layer, so that the resistance random access memory element features the function of diode rectification.01-10-2013
20110315945Method of manufacturing semiconductor memory device - A semiconductor device includes a semiconductor substrate, a non-volatile semiconductor memory element formed over the semiconductor substrate, including a variable resistance element including a laminate comprising a first electrode, a variable resistance layer, and a second electrode, and a volatile semiconductor memory element formed over the semiconductor substrate, including a capacitance element including a laminate comprising a third electrode, a dielectric layer including a same material as the variable resistance layer, and a fourth electrode.12-29-2011
20110315946NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A nonvolatile memory device, including a lower electrode on a semiconductor substrate, a phase change material pattern on the lower electrode, an adhesion pattern on the phase change material pattern and an upper electrode on the adhesion pattern, wherein the adhesion pattern includes a conductor including nitrogen.12-29-2011
20120043521Conductive Metal Oxide Structures In Non Volatile Re Writable Memory Devices - A memory cell including a memory element comprising an electrolytic insulator in contact with a conductive metal oxide (CMO) is disclosed. The CMO includes a crystalline structure and can comprise a pyrochlore oxide, a conductive binary oxide, a multiple B-site perovskite, and a Ruddlesden-Popper structure. The CMO includes mobile ions that can be transported to/from the electrolytic insulator in response to an electric field of appropriate magnitude and direction generated by a write voltage applied across the electrolytic insulator and CMO. The memory cell can include a non-ohmic device (NOD) that is electrically in series with the memory element. The memory cell can be positioned between a cross-point of conductive array lines in a two-terminal cross-point memory array in a single layer of memory or multiple vertically stacked layers of memory that are fabricated over a substrate that includes active circuitry for data operations on the array layer(s).02-23-2012
20120043520DISTURB-RESISTANT NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD - A method of forming a disturb-resistant non volatile memory device. The method includes providing a semiconductor substrate having a surface region and forming a first dielectric material overlying the surface region. A first wiring material overlies the first dielectric material, a doped polysilicon material overlies the first wiring material, and an amorphous silicon switching material overlies the said polysilicon material. The switching material is subjected to a first patterning and etching process to separating a first strip of switching material from a second strip of switching spatially oriented in a first direction. The first strip of switching material, the second strip of switching material, the contact material, and the first wiring material are subjected to a second patterning and etching process to form at least a first switching element from the first strip of switching material and at least a second switching element from the second strip of switching material, and a first wiring structure comprising at least the first wiring material and the contact material. The first wiring structure being is in a second direction at an angle to the first direction.02-23-2012
20120043518VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY ELEMENT AND FABRICATION METHODS - An electronic device comprises a variable resistance memory element on a substrate. The variable resistance memory element comprises (i) an amorphous carbon layer comprising a hydrogen content of at least about 30 atomic percent, and a maximum leakage current of less than about 1×1002-23-2012
20120001144RESISTIVE RAM DEVICES AND METHODS - The present disclosure includes a high density resistive random access memory (RRAM) device, as well as methods of fabricating a high density RRAM device. One method of forming an RRAM device includes forming a resistive element having a metal-metal oxide interface. Forming the resistive element includes forming an insulative material over the first electrode, and forming a via in the insulative material. The via is conformally filled with a metal material, and the metal material is planarized to within the via. A portion of the metal material within the via is selectively treated to create a metal-metal oxide interface within the via. A second electrode is formed over the resistive element.01-05-2012
20120001148STRESS-ENGINEERED RESISTANCE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE - A resistance-change memory device using stress engineering is described, including a first layer including a first conductive electrode, a second layer above the first layer including a resistive-switching element, a third layer above the second layer including a second conductive electrode, where a first stress is created in the switching element at a first interface between the first layer and the second layer upon heating the memory element, and where a second stress is created in the switching element at a second interface between the second layer and the third layer upon the heating. A stress gradient equal to a difference between the first stress and the second stress has an absolute value greater than 50 MPa, and a reset voltage of the memory element has a polarity relative to a common electrical potential that has a sign opposite the stress gradient when applied to the first conductive electrode01-05-2012
20120001147Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells, Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Arrays, And Methods Of Forming Non-Volatile Resistive Oxide Memory Cells And Memory Arrays - A method of forming a non-volatile resistive oxide memory cell includes forming a first conductive electrode of the memory cell as part of a substrate. Insulative material is deposited over the first electrode. An opening is formed into the insulative material over the first electrode. The opening includes sidewalls and a base. The opening sidewalls and base are lined with a multi-resistive state layer comprising multi-resistive state metal oxide-comprising material which less than fills the opening. A second conductive electrode of the memory cell is formed within the opening laterally inward of the multi-resistive state layer lining the sidewalls and elevationally over the multi-resistive state layer lining the base. Other aspects and implementations are contemplated.01-05-2012
20120001145AVOIDING DEGRADATION OF CHALCOGENIDE MATERIAL DURING DEFINITION OF MULTILAYER STACK STRUCTURE - A storage element structure for phase change memory (PCM) cell and a method for forming such a structure are disclosed. The method of forming a storage element structure, comprises providing a multilayer stack comprising a chalcogenide layer (01-05-2012
20110155993PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICES AND FABRICATION METHODS THEREOF - Phase change memory devices and fabrication methods thereof are presented. A phase change memory device includes a substrate structure. A first electrode is disposed on the substrate structure. A hollowed-cone hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ) structure is formed on the first electrode. A multi-level cell phase change memory structure is disposed on the hollowed-cone HSQ structure. A second electrode is disposed on the multi-level cell phase change memory structure.06-30-2011
20110155992PHASE-SEPARATION TYPE PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY - A eutectic memory includes a eutectic memory material layer, a top and a bottom electrodes, or a left and a right electrodes. Materials of the eutectic memory layer are represented by M06-30-2011
20110155991RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF - A resistive memory device and a fabricating method thereof are introduced herein. In resistive memory device, a plurality of bottom electrodes is disposed in active region of a substrate. Each of the bottom electrodes is disposed to correspond to each of the conductive channels; a patterned resistance switching material layer and the patterned top electrode layer are sequentially stacked on the bottom electrodes. An air dielectric layer exists between the patterned resistance switching material layer and the bottom electrodes. A plurality of patterned interconnections is disposed on the patterned top electrode.06-30-2011
20120043519DEVICE SWITCHING USING LAYERED DEVICE STRUCTURE - A resistive switching device. The device includes a first electrode comprising a first metal material overlying the first dielectric material and a switching material comprising an amorphous silicon material. The device includes a second electrode comprising at least a second metal material. In a specific embodiment, the device includes a buffer material disposed between the first electrode and the switching material. The buffer material provides a blocking region between the switching material and the first electrode so that the blocking region is substantially free from metal particles from the second metal material when a first voltage is applied to the second electrode.02-23-2012
20120205608NONVOLATILE VARIABLE RESISTANCE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE NONVOLATILE VARIABLE RESISTANCE ELEMENT - According to one embodiment, a nonvolatile variable resistance device includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a first layer, and a second layer. The second electrode includes a metal element. The first layer is arranged between the first electrode and the second electrode and includes a semiconductor element. The second layer is inserted between the second electrode and the first layer and includes the semiconductor element. The percentage of the semiconductor element being unterminated is higher in the second layer than in the first layer.08-16-2012
20120205609MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to one embodiment, a memory device includes a lower electrode layer, a nanomaterial assembly layer, a protective layer and an upper electrode layer. The nanomaterial assembly layer is provided on the lower electrode layer and includes a plurality of fine conductors assembled via a gap. The protective layer is provided on the nanomaterial assembly layer, is conductive, is in contact with the fine conductors, and includes an opening. The upper electrode layer is provided on the protective layer and is in contact with the protective layer.08-16-2012
20120056148Semiconductor device - A semiconductor device may include, but is not limited to: a first insulating film; a second insulating film over the first insulating film; a first memory structure between the first and second insulating films; and a third insulating film between the first and second insulating films. The first memory structure may include, but is not limited to: a heater electrode; and a phase-change memory element between the heater electrode and the second insulating film. The phase-change memory element contacts the heater electrode. The third insulating film covers at least a side surface of the phase-change memory element. Empty space is positioned adjacent to at least one of the heater electrode and the third insulating film.03-08-2012
20120205610RESISTIVE SWITCHING MEMORY ELEMENT INCLUDING DOPED SILICON ELECTRODE - A resistive switching memory element including a doped silicon electrode is described, including a first electrode comprising doped silicon having a first work function, a second electrode having a second work function that is different from the first work function by between 0.1 and 1.0 electron volts (eV), a metal oxide layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the metal oxide layer switches using bulk-mediated switching and has a bandgap of greater than 4 eV, and the memory element switches from a low resistance state to a high resistance state and vice versa.08-16-2012
20120007036PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A phase-change memory device includes a lower electrode; and at least two phase-change memory cells sharing the lower electrode. Another phase-change memory device includes a heating layer having a smaller contact area with a phase-change material layer and a greater contact area with a PN diode structure.01-12-2012
20120007035Intrinsic Programming Current Control for a RRAM - A resistive switching device. The device includes a substrate and a first dielectric material overlying a surface region of the substrate. The device includes a first electrode overlying the first dielectric material and an optional buffer layer overlying the first electrode. The device includes a second electrode structure. The second electrode includes at least a silver material. In a specific embodiment, a switching material overlies the optional buffer layer and disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The switching material comprises an amorphous silicon material in a specific embodiment. The amorphous silicon material is characterized by a plurality of defect sites and a defect density. The defect density is configured to intrinsically control programming current for the device.01-12-2012
20080272360PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELL STRUCTURES INCLUDING AN OXIDE ELECTROLYTE, DEVICES INCLUDING THE STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME - A microelectronic programmable structure suitable for storing information, a device including the structure and methods of forming and programming the structure are disclosed. The programmable structure generally includes an oxide ion conductor and a plurality of electrodes. Electrical properties of the structure may be altered by applying energy to the structure, and thus information may be stored using the structure.11-06-2008
20120012809Switchable Junction with Intrinsic Diodes with Different Switching Threshold - A switchable junction (01-19-2012
20120012807SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A semiconductor memory device in an embodiment comprises memory cells, each of the memory cells disposed between a first line and a second line and having a variable resistance element and a switching element connected in series. The variable resistance element includes a variable resistance layer configured to change in resistance value thereof between a low-resistance state and a high-resistance state. The variable resistance layer is configured by a transition metal oxide. A ratio of transition metal and oxygen configuring the transition metal oxide varies between 1:1 and 1:2 along a first direction directed from the first line to the second line.01-19-2012
20120012806IMPROVED ON/OFF RATIO FOR NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD - This application describes a method of forming a switching device. The method includes forming a first dielectric material overlying a surface region of a substrate. A bottom wiring material is formed overlying the first dielectric material and a switching material is deposited overlying the bottom wiring material. The bottom wiring material and the switching material is subjected to a first patterning and etching process to form a first structure having a top surface region and a side region. The first structure includes at least a bottom wiring structure and a switching element having a top surface region including an exposed region of the switching element. A second dielectric material is formed overlying at least the first structure including the exposed region of the switching element. The method forms a first opening region in a portion of the second dielectric layer to expose a portion of the top surface region of the switching element. A dielectric side wall structure is formed overlying a side region of the first opening region. A top wiring material including a conductive material is formed overlying at lease the top surface region of the switching element such that the conductive material is in direct contact with the switching element. The side wall spacer reduces a contact area for the switching element and the conductive material and thus a reduced active device area for the switching device. In a specific embodiment, the reduced area provides for an increase in device ON/OFF current ratio.01-19-2012
20110049464Resistive random access memory device and memory array including the same - A resistive random access memory (RRAM) includes a resistive memory layer of a transition metal oxide, such as Ni oxide, and is doped with a metal material. The RRAM may include at least one first electrode, a resistive memory layer on the at least one first electrode, the resistive memory layer including a Ni oxide layer doped with at least one element selected from a group consisting of Fe, Co, and Sn, and at least one second electrode on the resistive memory layer. The RRAM device may include a plurality of first electrodes and a plurality of second electrodes, and the resistive memory layer may be between the plurality of first electrodes and the plurality of second electrodes.03-03-2011
20110049463NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A nonvolatile memory device includes: a substrate; a first electrode formed on the substrate; a resistance change layer formed on the first electrode, the resistance change layer containing conductive nano-material; a second electrode formed on the resistance change layer; and an insulating buffer layer disposed between the first electrode and the resistance change layer, the insulating buffer layer containing conductive material dispersed therein for assuring the electric conductivity between the first electrode and the resistance change layer.03-03-2011
20110049462FLAT LOWER BOTTOM ELECTRODE FOR PHASE CHANGE MEMORY CELL - A phase change memory cell having a flat lower bottom electrode and a method for fabricating the same. The method includes forming a dielectric layer over a substrate including an array of conductive contacts, patterning, a via having a low aspect ratio such that a depth of the via is less than a width thereof, to a contact surface of the substrate corresponding to each of the array of conductive contacts to be connected to access circuitry, etching the dielectric layer and depositing electrode material over the etched dielectric layer and within each via, and planarizing the electrode material to form a plurality of lower bottom electrodes on each of the conductive contacts.03-03-2011
20120235112RESISTIVE SWITCHING MEMORY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - The present disclosure relates to the microelectronics field, and particularly, to a resistive switching memory and a method for manufacturing the same. The memory may comprise a lower electrode, a resistive switching layer, and an upper electrode. The resistive switching layer may have carbon nano-tubes embedded therein. Growth of a conductive filament in the resistive switching layer can be facilitated and controlled under an externally applied bias by a local electric field enhancement effect of the carbon nano-tubes, so as to improve performances and stability of the device. The resistive switching memory according to the present disclosure can have a good resistive switching capability. Further, the operating voltage and the resistance value of the device can be well controlled by controlling the length and position of the carbon nano-tubes in the resistive switching layer.09-20-2012
20110068313MEMORY DEVICES WITH ENHANCED ISOLATION OF MEMORY CELLS, SYSTEMS INCLUDING SAME AND METHODS OF FORMING SAME - Memory cells of a memory device including a variable resistance material have a cavity between the memory cells. Electronic systems include such memory devices. Methods of forming a memory device include providing a cavity between memory cells of the memory device.03-24-2011
20120153249Composition of Memory Cell With Resistance-Switching Layers - A memory cell including a first electrode, a second electrode and a first resistance-switching layer located between the first and second electrodes. The first resistance-switching layer comprises hafnium silicon oxynitride.06-21-2012
20100117048MEMORY CELL ACCESS DEVICE HAVING A PN-JUNCTION WITH POLYCRYSTALLINE AND SINGLE-CRYSTAL SEMICONDUCTOR REGIONS - A memory device includes a driver comprising a pn-junction in the form of a multilayer stack including a first doped semiconductor region having a first conductivity type, and a second doped semiconductor region having a second conductivity type opposite the first conductivity type, the first and second doped semiconductors defining a pn-junction therebetween, in which the first doped semiconductor region is formed in a single-crystalline semiconductor, and the second doped semiconductor region includes a polycrystalline semiconductor. Also, a method for making a memory device includes forming a first doped semiconductor region of a first conductivity type in a single-crystal semiconductor, such as on a semiconductor wafer; and forming a second doped polycrystalline semiconductor region of a second conductivity type opposite the first conductivity type, defining a pn-junction between the first and second regions.05-13-2010
20100096613SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A phase change memory is formed of a plug buried within a through-hole in an insulating film formed on a semiconductor substrate, an interface layer formed on the insulating film in which the plug is buried, a recording layer formed of a chalcogenide layer formed on the interface layer, and an upper contact electrode formed on the recording layer. The recording layer storing information according to resistance value change is made of chalcogenide material containing indium in an amount range from 20 atomic % to 38 atomic %, germanium in a range from 9 atomic % to 28 atomic %, antimony in a range from 3 atomic % to 18 atomic %, and tellurium in a range from 42 atomic % to 63 atomic %, where the content of germanium larger than or equal to the content of antimony.04-22-2010
20100096611VERTICALLY INTEGRATED MEMORY STRUCTURES - A device including a transistor that includes a source region; a drain region; and a channel region, wherein the channel region electrically connects the source region and the drain region along a channel axis; and a memory cell, wherein the memory cell is disposed adjacent the drain region so that the channel axis runs through the memory cell.04-22-2010
20120104351NON-VOLATILE MEMORY CELL, NON-VOLATILE MEMORY CELL ARRAY, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A stacking structure in which a stacked body (05-03-2012
20110089395STRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A semiconductor memory device having a cross point structure includes a plurality of upper electrodes arranged to extend in one direction, and a plurality of lower electrodes arranged to extend in another direction at a right angle to the one direction of the upper electrodes. Memory materials are provided between the upper electrodes and the lower electrodes for storage of data. The memory materials are made of a perovskite material and arranged at the lower electrodes side of the corresponding upper electrode extending along the corresponding upper electrode.04-21-2011
20110089394SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A semiconductor device includes a first insulating film over a semiconductor substrate. The first insulating film includes a first opening, a first electrode in the first opening, and a second insulating film over the first insulating film. The second insulating film includes a second opening that is positioned over the first electrode. The second opening includes a first conductive film. The first conductive film is electrically coupled to the first electrode. The first conductive film includes a top surface that is lower than a top surface of the second opening. The second opening includes a phase change material film. The phase change material film includes first and second portions. The first portion is surrounded by the first electrode and the first conductive film.04-21-2011
20110089393Memory and Method of Fabricating the Same - A memory, comprising a metal portion, a first metal layer and second metal oxide layer is provided. The first metal oxide layer is on the metal element, and the first metal oxide layer includes N resistance levels. The second metal oxide layer is on the first metal oxide layer, and the second metal oxide layer includes M resistance levels. The memory has X resistance levels and X is less than the summation of M and N, for minimizing a programming disturbance.04-21-2011
20100252797NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A nonvolatile memory device, includes: a memory layer having a resistance changeable by performing at least one selected from applying an electric field and providing a current, the memory layer having a first major surface and a second major surface opposite to the first major surface; a plurality of first electrodes provided on the first major surface; a second electrode provided on the second major surface; a probe electrode disposed to face the plurality of first electrodes, the probe electrode having a changeable relative positional relationship with the first electrodes; and a drive unit connected to the probe electrode and the second electrode to record information in the memory layer by causing at least one selected from applying the electric field and providing the current via the probe electrode to the memory layer between the second electrode and at least one of the plurality of first electrodes.10-07-2010
20120313070CONTROLLED SWITCHING MEMRISTOR - A controlled switching memristor includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a switching layer positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode. The switching layer includes a material to switch between an ON state and an OFF state, in which at least one of the first electrode, the second electrode, and the switching layer is to generate a permanent field within the memristor to enable a speed and an energy of switching from the ON state to the OFF state to be substantially symmetric to a speed and energy of switching from the OFF state to the ON state.12-13-2012
20100288995SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A semiconductor memory device includes: a lower electrode including a plurality of projections formed on a top surface thereof; an oxide film covering the top surface and made of an oxide of a same metal as a metal contained in the lower electrode; and a resistance variable film provided on the oxide film and being in contact with the oxide film, the projections being buried in the oxide film, and a lower layer portion of the resistance variable film having an oxygen concentration lower than an oxygen concentration of a portion other than the lower layer portion of the resistance variable film.11-18-2010
20100090194MULTI-BIT PHASE-CHANGE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (PRAM) WITH DIAMETER-CONTROLLED CONTACTS AND METHODS OF FABRICATING AND PROGRAMMING THE SAME - A phase-change random-access memory (PRAM) device includes a chalcogenide element, the chalcogenide element comprising a material which can assume a crystalline state or an amorphous state upon application of a heating current. A first contact is connected to a first region of the chalcogenide element and has a first cross-sectional area. A second contact is connected to a second region of the chalcogenide element and having a second cross-sectional area. A first programmable volume of the chalcogenide material is defined in the first region of the chalcogenide element, a state of the first programmable volume being programmable according to a resistance associated with the first contact. A second programmable volume of the chalcogenide material is defined in the second region of the chalcogenide element, a state of the second programmable volume being programmable according to a second resistance associated with the second contact.04-15-2010
20120248396RESISTIVE SWITCHING IN MEMORY CELLS - Methods, devices, and systems associated with oxide based memory can include a method of forming a resistive switching region of a memory cell. Forming a resistive switching region of a memory cell can include forming a metal oxide material on an electrode and forming a metal material on the metal oxide material, wherein the metal material formation causes a reaction that results in a graded metal oxide portion of the memory cell.10-04-2012
20120126196Upwardly Tapering Heaters for Phase Change Memories - A substantially planar heater for a phase change memory may taper as it extends upwardly to contact a chalcogenide layer. As a result, the contact area between heater and chalcogenide is reduced. This reduced contact area can reduce power consumption in some embodiments.05-24-2012
20100219393Connectible nanotube circuit - Carbon nanotube template arrays may be edited to form connections between proximate nanotubes and/or to delete undesired nanotubes or nanotube junctions.09-02-2010
20100207095RESISTOR RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY CELL WITH L-SHAPED ELECTRODE - A phase change random access memory PCRAM device is described suitable for use in large-scale integrated circuits. An exemplary memory device has a pipe-shaped first electrode formed from a first electrode layer on a sidewall of a sidewall support structure. A sidewall spacer insulating member is formed from a first oxide layer and a second, “L-shaped,” electrode is formed on the insulating member. An electrical contact is connected to the horizontal portion of the second electrode. A bridge of memory material extends from a top surface of the first electrode to a top surface of the second electrode across a top surface of the sidewall spacer insulating member.08-19-2010
20100207094NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, AND NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE USING THE NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT - A nonvolatile memory element of the present invention comprises a first electrode (08-19-2010
201201610943D SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - The present application discloses a 3D semiconductor memory device having 1T1R memory configuration based on a vertical-type gate-around transistor, and a manufacturing method thereof. A on/off current ratio can be well controlled by changing a width and a length of a channel of the gate-around transistor, so as to facilitate multi-state operation of the 1T1R memory cell. Moreover, the vertical transistor has a smaller layout size than a horizontal transistor, so as to reduce the layout size effectively. Thus, the 3D semiconductor memory device can be integrated into an array with a high density.06-28-2012
20120161095SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Provided are a variable resistance semiconductor memory device which changes its resistance without being affected by an underlying layer and is suitable as a memory device of increased capacity, and a method of manufacturing the same. The semiconductor memory device in the present invention includes: a first contact plug (06-28-2012
20120168709SINGLE MASK ADDER PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT - A method of fabricating a phase change memory element within a semiconductor structure includes etching an opening to an upper surface of a bottom electrode, the opening being formed of a height equal to a height of a metal region at a same layer within the semiconductor structure, depositing phase change material within the opening, recessing the phase change material within the opening, and forming a top electrode on the recessed phase change material.07-05-2012
20120132883Resistive Switching Memory Device - A resistive switching memory device is provided with first to third electrodes. The first electrode forms a Schottky barrier which can develop a rectifying property and resistance change characteristics at an interface between the first electrode and an oxide semiconductor. The third electrode is made of a material which provides an ohmic contact with the oxide semiconductor. A control voltage is applied between the first and second electrodes, and a driving voltage is applied between the first and third electrodes.05-31-2012
20110180775PROGRAMMABLE METALLIZATION CELL WITH ION BUFFER LAYER - A programmable metallization device, comprises a first electrode; a memory layer electrically coupled to the first electrode and adapted for electrolytic formation and destruction of a conducting bridge therethrough; an ion-supplying layer containing a source of ions of a first metal element capable of diffusion into and out of the memory layer; a conductive ion buffer layer between the ion-supplying layer and the memory layer, and which allows diffusion therethrough of said ions; and a second electrode electrically coupled to the ion-supplying layer. Circuitry is coupled to the device to apply bias voltages to the first and second electrodes to induce creation and destruction of conducting bridges including the first metal element in the memory layer. The ion buffer layer can improve retention of the conducting bridge by reducing the likelihood that the first metallic element will be absorbed into the ion supplying layer.07-28-2011
20120132884SELF-ALIGNED, PLANAR PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENTS AND DEVICES, SYSTEMS EMPLOYING THE SAME AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - Phase change memory elements, devices and systems using the same and methods of forming the same are disclosed. A memory element includes first and second electrodes, and a phase change material layer between the first and second electrodes. The phase change material layer has a first portion with a width less than a width of a second portion of the phase change material layer. The first electrode, second electrode and phase change material layer may be oriented at least partially along a same horizontal plane.05-31-2012
20120132882Transparent Memory for Transparent Electronic Device - The present invention relates to a transparent memory for a transparent electronic device. The transparent memory includes: a lower transparent electrode layer that is sequentially formed on a transparent substrate, and a data storage region and an upper transparent layer which are made of at least one transparent resistance-variable material layer. The transparent resistance-variable material layer has switching characteristics as a result of the resistance variance caused by the application of a certain voltage between the lower and upper transparent electrode layers. An optical band gap of the transparent resistance-variable material layer is 3 eV or more, and transmittivity of the material layer for visible rays is 80% or more. The invention provides transparent and resistance-variable memory that: has very high transparency and switching characteristics depending on resistance variation at a low switching voltage, and can maintain the switching characteristics thereof after a long time elapses.05-31-2012
20120313071CONTACT STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR VARIABLE IMPEDANCE MEMORY ELEMENT - A memory element can include an opening formed within at least one insulating layer formed on an etch stop layer that exposes a first electrode portion and the etch stop layer at a bottom of the opening; a second electrode portion, formed on at least a side surface of the opening and in contact with the first electrode portion, the second electrode portion not filling the opening and being substantially not formed over a top surface of the at least one insulating layer; and at least one memory layer formed on a top surface of the at least one insulating layer and in contact with the second electrode portion, the at least one memory layer being reversibly programmable between at least two impedance states. Methods of forming such memory elements are also disclosed.12-13-2012
20120211720VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to example embodiments, a variable resistance memory device include an ohmic pattern on a substrate; a first electrode pattern including a first portion that has a plate shape and contacts a top surface of the ohmic pattern and a second portion that extends from one end of the first portion to a top; a variable resistance pattern electrically connected to the first electrode pattern; and a second electrode pattern electrically connected to the variable resistance pattern, wherein one end of the ohmic pattern and the other end of the first portion are disposed on the same plane.08-23-2012
20120211721SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A method of manufacturing a semiconductor storage device according to an embodiment includes: stacking a first wiring layer; stacking a memory cell layer on the first wiring layer; and stacking a stopper film on the memory cell layer. The method of manufacturing a semiconductor storage device also includes: etching the stopper film, the memory cell layer, and the first wiring layer; polishing an interlayer insulating film to the stopper film after burying the stopper film, the memory cell layer, and the first wiring layer with the interlayer insulating film; performing a nitridation process to the stopper film and the interlayer insulating film to form an adjustment film and a block film on surfaces of the stopper film and the interlayer insulating film, respectively; and forming a second wiring layer on the adjustment film, the second wiring layer being electrically connected to the adjustment film.08-23-2012
20120211719NONVOLATILE VARIABLE RESISTIVE DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a first electrode includes a metal element. A second electrode includes a semiconductor element. A third electrode includes a metal element. A first variable resistive layer is arranged between the first electrode and the second electrode and is capable of reversibly changing a resistance by filament formation and dissolution of the metal element of the first electrode. A second variable resistive layer is arranged between the second electrode and the third electrode and is capable of reversibly changing a resistance by filament formation and dissolution of the metal element of the third electrode.08-23-2012
20090057645Memory element with improved contacts - A phase-change memory element comprising a phase-change memory material, a first electrical contact and a second electrical contact. At least one of the electrical contacts having a sidewall electrically coupled to the memory material.03-05-2009
20090057644Phase-change memory units, methods of forming the phase-change memory units, phase-change memory devices having the phase-change memory units and methods of manufacturung the phase-change memory devices - A phase-change memory unit includes a lower electrode on a substrate, a phase-change material layer pattern including germanium-antimony-tellurium (GST) and carbon on the lower electrode, a transition metal layer pattern on the phase-change material layer pattern, and an upper electrode on the first transition metal layer pattern. The phase-change memory unit may have good electrical characteristics.03-05-2009
20090057643PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A phase change memory device is disclosed. A second conductive spacer is under a first conductive spacer. A phase change layer comprises a first portion substantially parallel to the first and second conductive spacers and a second portion on top of the second conductive spacer, wherein the second conductive spacer is electrically connected to the first conductive spacer through the second portion of the phase change layer.03-05-2009
20090057642Memory Device - A memory or switching device includes a mesa and a first electrode conforming to said mesa. The device also includes a second electrode and a phase-change or switching material disposed between said first and second electrodes. The phase-change or switching material is in electrical communication with the first and second electrodes at a first contact region and a second contact region respectively. Also described is a method for making a memory or switching device. The method includes providing a first insulator and configuring the first insulator to provide a mesa. A first conductive layer is provided conforming to the mesa. A phase-change or switching material is provided over a portion of the first conductive layer, and a second conductive layer is provided over the phase-change or switching material.03-05-2009
20120168708Memory Device Constructions, Memory Cell Forming Methods, and Semiconductor Construction Forming Methods - Memory device constructions include a first column line extending parallel to a second column line, the first column line being above the second column line; a row line above the second column line and extending perpendicular to the first column line and the second column line; memory material disposed to be selectively and reversibly configured in one of two or more different resistive states; a first diode configured to conduct a first current between the first column line and the row line via the memory material; and a second diode configured to conduct a second current between the second column line and the row line via the memory material. In some embodiments, the first diode is a Schottky diode having a semiconductor anode and a metal cathode and the second diode is a Schottky diode having a metal anode and a semiconductor cathode.07-05-2012
20120168707CARBON NANO-FILM REVERSIBLE RESISTANCE-SWITCHABLE ELEMENTS AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - Methods of forming a microelectronic structure are provided, the microelectronic structure including a first conductor, a discontinuous film of metal nanoparticles disposed on a surface above the first conductor, a carbon nano-film formed atop the surface and the discontinuous film of metal nanoparticles, and a second conductor disposed above the carbon nano-film. Numerous additional aspects are provided.07-05-2012
20120168706RESISTANCE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY - The present disclosure relates to a resistance random access memory comprising a first electrode, a thin film layer formed on the first electrode and including a resistance switching layer and a switching layer bonded to each other, and a second electrode formed on the thin film layer, and relates to a method of manufacturing the same.07-05-2012
20120168705Bipolar Switching Memory Cell With Built-in "On" State Rectifying Current-Voltage Characteristics - A memory array is disclosed having bipolar current-voltage (IV) resistive random access memory cells with built-in “on” state rectifying IV characteristics. In one embodiment, a bipolar switching resistive random access memory cell may have a metal/solid electrolyte/semiconductor stack that forms a Schottky diode when switched to the “on” state. In another embodiment, a bipolar switching resistive random access memory cell may have a metal/solid electrolyte/tunnel barrier/electrode stack that forms a metal-insulator-metal device when switched to the “on” state. Methods of operating the memory array are also disclosed.07-05-2012
20100051896VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE USING A CHANNEL-SHAPED VARIABLE RESISTANCE PATTERN - A variable resistance memory device includes a substrate and a plurality of spaced apart lower electrodes on the substrate. The device further includes a variable resistance material pattern comprising two vertically opposed wall members connected by a bottom member disposed on and electrically connected to at least one of the plurality of lower electrodes and an upper electrode on the variable resistance material pattern. An area of contact of the variable resistance material pattern with the at least one lower electrode may be rectangular, circular, ring-shaped, or arc-shaped. Fabrication methods are also described.03-04-2010
20100051895PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL, A PHASE CHANGE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING THE PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL, A SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE INCLUDING THE PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL, AND METHODS OF FORMING THE PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL - A phase change material including a high adhesion phase change material formed on a dielectric material and a low adhesion phase change material formed on the high adhesion phase change material. The high adhesion phase change material includes a greater amount of at least one of nitrogen and oxygen than the low adhesion phase change material. The phase change material is produced by forming a first chalcogenide compound material including an amount of at least one of nitrogen and oxygen on the dielectric material and forming a second chalcogenide compound including a lower percentage of at least one of nitrogen and oxygen on the first chalcogenide compound material. A phase change random access memory device, and a semiconductor structure are also disclosed.03-04-2010
20090095953PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS AND ASSOCIATED MEMORY DEVICES - A memory device utilizes a phase change material as the storage medium. The phase change material includes at least one of Ge, Sb, Te, Se, As, and S, as well as a nitride compound as a dopant. The memory device can be a solid-state memory cell with electrodes in electrical communication with the phase change medium, an optical phase change storage device in which data is read and written optically, or a storage device based on the principle of scanning probe microscopy.04-16-2009
20090095951Memory Device With Low Reset Current - An electronic device includes a first electrode and a second electrode. The device also includes a resistive material between the first and second electrodes. An active material is between the first electrode and the resistive material. The active material is in electrical communication with the first electrode and the active material is in electrical communication with the second electrode through the resistive layer.04-16-2009
20120313069WORK FUNCTION TAILORING FOR NONVOLATILE MEMORY APPLICATIONS - Embodiments of the invention generally relate to a resistive switching nonvolatile memory device having an interface layer structure disposed between at least one of the electrodes and a variable resistance layer formed in the nonvolatile memory device, and a method of forming the same. Typically, resistive switching memory elements may be formed as part of a high-capacity nonvolatile memory integrated circuit, which can be used in various electronic devices, such as digital cameras, mobile telephones, handheld computers, and music players. In one configuration of the resistive switching nonvolatile memory device, the interface layer structure comprises a passivation region, an interface coupling region, and/or a variable resistance layer interface region that are configured to adjust the nonvolatile memory device's performance, such as lowering the formed device's switching currents and reducing the device's forming voltage, and reducing the performance variation from one formed device to another.12-13-2012
20120313072THREE-DIMENSIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICES HAVING DOUBLE CROSS POINT ARRAY AND METHODS OF FABRICATING THE SAME - Three-dimensional semiconductor memory devices and methods of fabricating the same. The device may include first, second and third conductive lines disposed at different vertical levels to define two intersections, and two memory cells disposed at the two intersections, respectively. The first and second conductive lines may extend parallel to each other, and the third conductive line may extend to cross the first and second conductive lines. The first and second conductive lines can be alternatingly arranged along the length of third conductive line in vertical sectional view, and the third conductive line may be spaced vertically apart from the first and second conductive lines.12-13-2012
20120074377SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY - Manufacturing processes for phase change memory have suffered from the problem of chalcogenide material being susceptible to delamination, since this material exhibits low adhesion to high melting point metals and silicon oxide films. Furthermore, chalcogenide material has low thermal stability and hence tends to sublime during the manufacturing process of phase change memory. According to the present invention, conductive or insulative adhesive layers are formed over and under the chalcogenide material layer to enhance its delamination strength. Further, a protective film made up of a nitride film is formed on the sidewalls of the chalcogenide material layer to prevent sublimation of the chalcogenide material layer.03-29-2012
20120074376NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENTS WITH METAL DEFICIENT RESISTIVE SWITCHING METAL OXIDES - Nonvolatile memory elements are provided that have resistive switching metal oxides. The nonvolatile memory elements may be formed by depositing a metal-containing material on a silicon-containing material. The metal-containing material may be oxidized to form a resistive-switching metal oxide. The silicon in the silicon-containing material reacts with the metal in the metal-containing material when heat is applied. This forms a metal silicide lower electrode for the nonvolatile memory element. An upper electrode may be deposited on top of the metal oxide. Because the silicon in the silicon-containing layer reacts with some of the metal in the metal-containing layer, the resistive-switching metal oxide that is formed is metal deficient when compared to a stoichiometric metal oxide formed from the same metal.03-29-2012
20120074375VARIABLE RESISTANCE NONVOLATILE STORAGE DEVICE - The variable resistance nonvolatile storage device includes a memory cell (03-29-2012
20120074374CONDUCTIVE PATH IN SWITCHING MATERIAL IN A RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE AND CONTROL - A non-volatile memory device structure. The device structure includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a resistive switching material comprising an amorphous silicon material overlying the first electrode, and a thickness of dielectric material having a thickness ranging from 5 nm to 10 nm disposed between the second electrode and the resistive switching layer. The thickness of dielectric material is configured to electrically breakdown in a region upon application of an electroforming voltage to the second electrode. The electrical breakdown allows for a metal region having a dimension of less than about 10 nm by 10 nm to form in a portion of the resistive switching material.03-29-2012
20120074373Electronic Devices, Memory Devices and Memory Arrays - Some embodiments include electronic devices having two capacitors connected in series. The two capacitors share a common electrode. One of the capacitors includes a region of a semiconductor substrate and a dielectric between such region and the common electrode. The other of the capacitors includes a second electrode and ion conductive material between the second electrode and the common electrode. At least one of the first and second electrodes has an electrochemically active surface directly against the ion conductive material. Some embodiments include memory cells having two capacitors connected in series, and some embodiments include memory arrays containing such memory cells.03-29-2012
20120074372MEMRISTORS WITH AN ELECTRODE METAL RESERVOIR FOR DOPANTS - A memristor includes a first electrode of a nanoscale width; a second electrode of a nanoscale width; and an active region disposed between the first and second electrodes. The active region has a both a non-conducting portion and a source of dopants portion induced by electric field. The non-conducting portion comprises an electronically semiconducting or nominally insulating material and a weak ionic conductor switching material capable of carrying a species of dopants and transporting the dopants under an electric field. The non-conducting portion is in contact with the first electrode and the source of dopants portion is in contact with the second electrode. The second electrode comprises a metal reservoir for the dopants. A crossbar array comprising a plurality of the nanoscale switching devices is also provided. A process for making at least one nanoscale switching device is further provided.03-29-2012
20120248399SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - Disclosed are a semiconductor storage device and a method for manufacturing the semiconductor storage device, whereby the bit cost of memory using a variable resistance material is reduced. The semiconductor storage device has: a substrate; a first word line (10-04-2012
20120248397NONVOLATILE STORAGE ELEMENT AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - In a variable resistance nonvolatile storage element, an electrode suitable for a variable resistance operation and formed of a metallic nitride layer containing Ti and N is provided. In a nonvolatile storage device including: a first electrode; a second electrode; and a variable resistance layer which is sandwiched between the first electrode and the second electrode and in which a resistance value changes to two different resistance states, at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode is an electrode including a metallic nitride layer containing at least Ti and N, and a mole ratio (N/Ti ratio) between Ti and N in at least a part of the metallic nitride layer, the part being in contact with the variable resistance layer is 1.15 or more and a film density is 4.7 g/cc or more.10-04-2012
20120256155Closed loop sputtering controlled to enhance electrical characteristics in deposited layer - This disclosure provides a method of fabricating a semiconductor device layer and an associated memory cell. Empirical data may be used to generate a hysteresis curve associated with deposition for a metal-insulator-metal structure, with curve measurements reflecting variance of an electrical property as a function of cathode voltage used during a sputtering process. By generating at least one voltage level to be used during the sputtering process, where the voltage reflects a suitable value for the electrical property from among the values obtainable in mixed-mode deposition, a semiconductor device layer may be produced with improved characteristics and durability. A multistable memory cell or array of such cells manufactured according to this process can, for a set of given materials, be fabricated to have minimal leakage or “off” current characteristics (I10-11-2012
20120256156MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Disclosed is a memory device provided with a plurality of memory cells and a lead-out line (10-11-2012
20090020746SELF-ALIGNED STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR CONFINING A MELTING POINT IN A RESISTOR RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY - A process in the manufacturing of a resistor random access memory with a confined melting area for switching a phase change in the programmable resistive memory. The process initially formed a pillar comprising a substrate body, a first conductive material overlying the substrate body, a programmable resistive memory material overlying the first conductive material, a high selective material overlying the programmable resistive memory material, and a silicon nitride material overlying the high selective material. The high selective material in the pillar is isotropically etched on both sides of the high selective material to create a void on each side of the high selective material with a reduced length. A programmable resistive memory material is deposited in a confined area previously occupied by the reduced length of the poly, and the programmable resistive memory material is deposited into an area previously occupied by the silicon nitride material.01-22-2009
20090020745METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE HAVING TRANSITION METAL OXIDE LAYER AND RELATED DEVICE - Provided is a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device having a switching device capable of preventing a snake current. First, a transition metal oxide layer and a leakage control layer are alternately stacked on a substrate 1 to 20 times to form a varistor layer. The transition metal oxide layer is formed to contain an excessive transition metal compared to its stable state. The leakage control layer may be formed of one selected from the group consisting of a Mg layer, a Ta layer, an Al layer, a Zr layer, a Hf layer, a polysilicon layer, a conductive carbon group layer, and a Nb layer.01-22-2009
20090020744STACKED MULTILAYER STRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A stacked multilayer structure according to an embodiment of the present invention comprises: a stacked layer part including a plurality of conducting layers and a plurality of insulating layers, said plurality of insulating layers being stacked alternately with each layer of said plurality of conducting layers, one of said plurality of insulating layers being a topmost layer among said plurality of conducting layers and said plurality of insulating layers; and a plurality of contacts, each contact of said plurality of contacts being formed from said topmost layer and each contact of said plurality of contacts being in contact with a respective conducting layer of said plurality of conducting layers, a side surface of each of said plurality of contacts being insulated from said plurality of conducting layers via an insulating film.01-22-2009
20090020743SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE, IN PARTICULAR PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING A UNIFORM HEIGHT HEATER - A phase change memory formed by a plurality of phase change memory devices having a chalcogenide memory region extending over an own heater. The heaters have all a relatively uniform height. The height uniformity is achieved by forming the heaters within pores in an insulator that includes an etch stop layer and a sacrificial layer. The sacrificial layer is removed through an etching process such as chemical mechanical planarization. Since the etch stop layer may be formed in a repeatable way and is common across all the devices on a wafer, considerable uniformity is achieved in heater height. Heater height uniformity results in more uniformity in programmed memory characteristics.01-22-2009
20090020742SOLID ELECTROLYTE SWITCHING ELEMENT, AND FABRICATION METHOD OF THE SOLID ELECTROLYTE ELEMENT, AND INTEGRATED CIRCUIT - The switching element of the present invention is of a configuration that includes: a first electrode (01-22-2009
20120228575NANOSCALE ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH BARRIER LAYERS - On example of the present invention is a nanoscale electronic device comprising a first conductive electrode, a second conductive electrode, and a device layer. The device layer comprises a first dielectric material, between the first and second conductive electrodes, that includes an effective device layer, a first barrier layer near a first interface between the first conductive electrode and the device layer, and a second barrier layer near a second interface between the second conductive electrode and the device layer. A second example of the present invention is an integrated circuit that incorporates nanoscale electronic devices of the first example.09-13-2012
20120228578Resistive Memory Element and Related Control Method - Resistive memory elements and arrays of resistive memory elements are disclosed. In one embodiment, a resistive memory element includes a top electrode element lying in a plane parallel to a reference plane, and having, in perpendicular projection on the reference plane, a top electrode projection; a bottom electrode element lying in a plane parallel to the reference plane, and having, in perpendicular projection on the reference plane, a bottom electrode projection; and an active layer with changeable resistivity interposed between the top electrode element and the bottom electrode element. The top electrode projection and the bottom electrode projection overlap in an overlapping region that comprises a corner of the top electrode projection and/or a corner of the bottom electrode projection, and an area of the overlapping region constitutes less than 10% of a total projected area of the top electrode element and the bottom electrode element on the reference plane.09-13-2012
20120228576STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A storage device includes: a plurality of first electrode wirings; a plurality of second electrode wirings which cross the first electrode wirings; a via plug which is formed between the second electrode wiring and the two adjacent first electrode wirings, and in which a maximum diameter of a bottom surface opposing the first electrode wirings in a direction vertical to a direction in which the first electrode wirings stretch is smaller than a length corresponding to a pitch of the first electrode wiring plus a width of the first electrode wirings; a first storage element which is formed between the via plug and one of the two first electrode wirings; and a second storage element which is formed between the via plug and the other one of the two first electrode wirings.09-13-2012
20110121254MEMORY DEVICE AND CBRAM MEMORY WITH IMPROVED RELIABILITY - A memory device including: one inert electrode including an electrically conductive material, a part of at least one material of resistivity higher than that of the material of the inert electrode, positioned around the inert electrode, a solid electrolyte positioned on at least one part of the inert electrode and of the part of electrically insulating material, and including metal ions originating from an ionizable metal part positioned on the solid electrolyte. The ratio between the coefficient of electrical resistivity of the material of resistivity higher than that of the material of the inert electrode and the coefficient of electrical resistivity of the material of the inert electrode is equal to or higher than approximately 100, and the coefficient of thermal conductivity of the electrically insulating material is equal to or higher than approximately 10 W·m05-26-2011
20110121251SINGLE MASK ADDER PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT - A method of fabricating a phase change memory element within a semiconductor structure and a semiconductor structure having the same that includes etching an opening to an upper surface of a bottom electrode, the opening being formed of a height equal to a height of a metal region formed within a dielectric layer at a same layer within the semiconductor structure, depositing a conformal film within the opening and recessing the conformal film to expose the upper surface of the bottom electrode, depositing phase change material within the opening, recessing the phase change material within the opening, and forming a top electrode on the recessed phase change material.05-26-2011
20080296554PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICES AND FABRICATION METHODS THEREOF - Phase change memory devices and fabrication methods thereof. A phase change memory device includes an array of phase change memory cells. Each phase change memory cell includes a selecting transistor disposed on a substrate. An upright electrode structure is electrically connected to the selecting transistor. An upright phase change memory layer is stacked on the upright electrode structure with a contact area therebetween, wherein the contact area serves as the location where phase transition takes place.12-04-2008
20080296553INTEGRATED CIRCUIT HAVING CONTACT INCLUDING MATERIAL BETWEEN SIDEWALLS - An integrated circuit includes a bottom electrode, a top electrode, resistivity changing material between the bottom electrode and the top electrode, and a contact contacting the top electrode. The contact includes a bottom and sidewalls. The integrated circuit includes first material between the sidewalls of the contact.12-04-2008
20120261636RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (RAM) CELL AND METHOD FOR FORMING - A resistive random access memory cell uses a substrate and includes a gate stack over the substrate. The gate stack includes a first copper layer over the substrate, a copper oxide layer over the first copper layer, and a second copper layer over the copper oxide layer.10-18-2012
20120261637OXIDE BASED MEMORY WITH A CONTROLLED OXYGEN VACANCY CONDUCTION PATH - Methods, devices, and systems associated with oxide based memory can include a method of forming an oxide based memory cell. Forming an oxide based memory cell can include forming a first conductive element, forming a substoichiometric oxide over the first conductive element, forming a second conductive element over the substoichiometric oxide, and oxidizing edges of the substoichiometric oxide by subjecting the substoichiometric oxide to an oxidizing environment to define a controlled oxygen vacancy conduction path near a center of the oxide.10-18-2012
20110001115RESISTIVE RAM DEVICES FOR PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC DEVICES - A resistive random access memory device formed on a semiconductor substrate comprises an interlayer dielectric having a via formed therethrough. A chemical-mechanical-polishing stop layer is formed over the interlayer dielectric. A barrier metal liner lines walls of the via. A conductive plug is formed in the via. A first barrier metal layer is formed over the chemical-mechanical-polishing stop layer and in electrical contact with the conductive plug. A dielectric layer is formed over the first barrier metal layer. An ion source layer is formed over the dielectric layer. A dielectric barrier layer is formed over the ion source layer, and includes a via formed therethrough communicating with the ion source layer. A second barrier metal layer is formed over the dielectric barrier layer and in electrical contact with the ion source layer. A metal interconnect layer is formed over the barrier metal layer.01-06-2011
20120267596NON-VOLATILE MEMORY - An exemplary embodiment of a non-volatile memory includes a bottom conductive layer, a resistive switching layer, an oxygen vacancy barrier layer and an upper conductive layer. The resistive switching layer is disposed on the bottom conductive layer. The oxygen vacancy barrier layer is disposed on the resistive switching layer. The upper conductive layer is disposed on the oxygen vacancy barrier layer.10-25-2012
20120267599RESISTIVE RAM DEVICES AND METHODS - The present disclosure includes a high density resistive random access memory (RRAM) device, as well as methods of fabricating a high density RRAM device. One method of forming an RRAM device includes forming a resistive element having a metal-metal oxide interface. Forming the resistive element includes forming an insulative material over the first electrode, and forming a via in the insulative material. The via is conformally filled with a metal material, and the metal material is planarized to within the via. A portion of the metal material within the via is selectively treated to create a metal-metal oxide interface within the via. A second electrode is formed over the resistive element.10-25-2012
20120319074RESISTANCE CHANGE DEVICE AND MEMORY CELL ARRAY - According to one embodiment, a resistance change device includes a first electrode including a metal, a second electrode, and an amorphous oxide layer including Si and O between the first and second electrode, the layer having a concentration gradient of O and a first peak thereof in a direction from the first electrode to the second electrode.12-20-2012
20120319075SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING THE SAME - A structure of a storage device which can operate memory elements utilizing silicide reaction using the same voltage value for writing and for reading, and a method for driving the same are proposed. The present invention relates to a storage device including a memory element and a circuit which changes a polarity of applying voltage to the memory element for writing (or reading) into a different polarity of that for reading (or writing). The memory element includes at least a first conductive layer, a film including silicon formed over the first conductive layer, and a second conductive layer formed over the silicon film. The first conductive layer and the second conductive layer of the memory element are formed using different materials.12-20-2012
20120319073VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING REDUCED BOTTOM CONTACT AREA AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME - A variable resistance memory element and method of forming the same. The memory element includes a substrate supporting a bottom electrode having a small bottom contact area. A variable resistance material is formed over the bottom electrodes such that the variable resistance material has a surface that is in electrical communication with the bottom electrode and a top electrode is formed over the variable resistance material. The small bottom electrode contact area reduces the reset current requirement which in turn reduces the write transistor size for each bit.12-20-2012
20110227029MEMORY ELEMENTS USING SELF-ALIGNED PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL LAYERS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING SAME - A memory element and method of forming the same. The memory element includes a substrate supporting a first electrode, a dielectric layer over the first electrode having a via exposing a portion of the first electrode, a phase change material layer formed over sidewalls of the via and contacting the exposed portion of the first electrode, insulating material formed over the phase change material layer and a second electrode formed over the insulating material and contacting the phase change material layer.09-22-2011
20110227027Memory Device and Method of Making Same - A radial memory device includes a phase-change material, a first electrode in electrical communication with the phase-change material, the first electrode having a substantially planar first area of electrical communication with the phase-change material. The radial memory device also includes a second electrode in electrical communication with the phase-change material, the second electrode having a second area of electrical communication with the phase-change material, the second area being laterally spacedly disposed from the first area and substantially circumscribing the first area.09-22-2011
20110227025SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME - According to one embodiment, a semiconductor memory device includes a word line interconnection layer, a bit line interconnection layer and a pillar. The word line interconnection layer includes a plurality of word lines which extend in a first direction. The bit line interconnection layer includes a plurality of bit lines which extend in a second direction crossing over the first direction. The pillar is arranged between each of the word lines and each of the bit lines. The pillar includes a silicon diode and a variable resistance film, and the silicon diode includes a p-type portion and an n-type portion. The word line interconnection layer and the bit line interconnection layer are alternately stacked, and a compressive force is applied to the silicon diode in a direction in which the p-type portion and the n-type portion become closer to each other.09-22-2011
20110227023BACKEND OF LINE (BEOL) COMPATIBLE HIGH CURRENT DENSITY ACCESS DEVICE FOR HIGH DENSITY ARRAYS OF ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS - A device is disclosed having a M09-22-2011
20120319072METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE, NON-VOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, AND NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - A manufacturing method for manufacturing, with a simple process, a non-volatile memory apparatus having a stable memory performance includes: (a) forming a stacking-structure body above a substrate by alternately stacking conductive layers comprising a transition metal and interlayer insulating films comprising an insulating material; (b) forming a contact hole penetrating through the stacking-structure body to expose part of each of the conductive layers; (c) forming variable resistance layers by oxidizing the part of each of the conductive layers, the part being exposed in the contact hole, and each of the variable resistance layers having a resistance value that reversibly changes according to an application of an electric signal; and (d) forming a pillar electrode in the contact hole by embedding a conductive material in the contact hole, the pillar electrode being connected to each of the variable resistance layers.12-20-2012
20120319071NON-VOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention provides a variable resistive element that can perform a stable switching operation at low voltage and low current, and also provides a low-power consumption large-capacity non-volatile semiconductor memory device including the variable resistive element. The non-volatile semiconductor memory device is a device using a variable resistive element, which includes a variable resistor between a first electrode and a second electrode, for storing information, wherein an oxygen concentration of a hafnium oxide (HfO12-20-2012
20100230654RESISTIVE MEMORY CELL FABRICATION METHODS AND DEVICES - A phase change memory cell and methods of fabricating the same are presented. The memory cell includes a variable resistance region and a top and bottom electrode. The shapes of the variable resistance region and the top electrode are configured to evenly distribute a current with a generally hemispherical current density distribution around the first electrode.09-16-2010
20100230653PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A phase-change memory element is provided. The phase-change memory element includes: a first electrode formed on a substrate; a first dielectric layer, with an opening, formed on the first electrode, wherein the opening exposes a top surface of the first electrode; a pillar structure formed directly on the first electrode within the opening; an inner phase-change material layer surrounding the pillar structure, directly contacting the first electrode; a second dielectric layer surrounding the inner phase-change material layer; an outer phase-change material layer surrounding the second dielectric layer; a phase-change material collar formed between the second dielectric layer and the first electrode, connecting the inner phase-change material layer with the outer phase-change material layer; and a second electrode formed directly on the pillar structure, directly contacting the top surface of the inner phase-change material layer.09-16-2010
20120319070RESISTIVE-SWITCHING NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENTS - Nonvolatile memory elements are provided comprising switching metal oxides. The nonvolatile memory elements may be formed in one or more layers on an integrated circuit. Each memory element may have a first conductive layer, a metal oxide layer, and a second conductive layer. Electrical devices may be coupled in series with the memory elements. The first conductive layer may be formed from a metal nitride. The metal oxide layer may contain the same metal as the first conductive layer. The metal oxide may form an ohmic contact or a Schottky contact with the first conductive layer. The second conductive layer may form an ohmic contact or a Schottky contact with the metal oxide layer. The first conductive layer, the metal oxide layer, and the second conductive layer may include sublayers. The second conductive layer may include an adhesion or barrier layer and a workfunction control layer.12-20-2012
20120280201OPTIMIZED ELECTRODES FOR RE-RAM - Optimized electrodes for ReRAM memory cells and methods for forming the same are discloses. One aspect comprises forming a first electrode, forming a state change element in contact with the first electrode, treating the state change element, and forming a second electrode. Treating the state change element increases the barrier height at the interface between the second electrode and the state change element. Another aspect comprises forming a first electrode in a manner to deliberately establish a certain degree of amorphization in the first electrode, forming a state change element in contact with the first electrode. The degree of amorphization of the first electrode is either at least as great as the degree of amorphization of the state change element or no more than 5 percent less than the degree of amorphization of the state change element.11-08-2012
20120280200RESISTANCE CHANGING ELEMENT, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR FORMING RESISTANCE CHANGE ELEMENT - A resistance changing element according to the present invention comprises a first electrode (11-08-2012
20120326113NON-VOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT AND NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE EQUIPPED WITH SAME - Provided are a non-volatile memory element which can reduce a voltage of an electric pulse required for initial breakdown, and can lessen non-uniformity of a resistance value of the non-volatile memory element, and a non-volatile memory device including the non-volatile memory element. A non-volatile memory element comprises a first electrode (12-27-2012
20120091425NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A nonvolatile memory device (04-19-2012
20120091424NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A variable and reversible resistive element includes a transition metal oxide layer, a bottom electrode and at least one conductive plug module. The bottom electrode is disposed under the transition metal oxide layer. The conductive plug module is disposed on the transition metal oxide layer. The conductive plug module includes a metal plug and a barrier layer. The conductive plug is electrically connected with the transition metal oxide layer. The barrier layer surrounds the metal plug, wherein the transition metal oxide layer is made by reacting a portion of a dielectric layer being directly below the metal plug and a portion of the barrier layer contacting the portion of the dielectric layer, wherein the dielectric layer is formed on the bottom electrode. Moreover, a non-volatile memory device and methods for operating and manufacturing the same is disclosed in specification.04-19-2012
20120091423NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A nonvolatile memory device is disclosed, in which a first electrode, a first material layer having a positive Peltier coefficient, an information storage layer, a second material layer having a negative Peltier coefficient, and a second electrode are laminated.04-19-2012
20120091422Semiconductor Memory Devices Having Variable Resistor And Methods Of Fabricating The Same - According to a method of fabricating the semiconductor memory device, a contact plug can be protected while mold openings are formed. A semiconductor memory device may include a mold dielectric layer on an entire surface of a substrate, the substrate including a first region and a second region. A contact plug may be provided in a contact hole formed through the mold dielectric layer in the first region. A variable resistor may be provided in a mold opening foamed through the mold dielectric layer in the second region. An upper surface of the contact plug may be at a level equal to or lower than an upper surface of the mold dielectric layer.04-19-2012
20120091421Nanostructure quick-switch memristor and method of manufacturing the same - A nanostructure quick-switch memristor includes an upper electrode, a lower electrode and three layers of nanomembrane provided between the upper electrode and the lower electrode. The three layers of nanomembrane consist of an N-type semiconductor layer, a neutral semiconductor layer on the N-type semiconductor layer, and a P-type semiconductor layer on the neutral semiconductor layer. The nanostructure quick-switch memristor of the present invention has the quick switching speed, simple manufacturing method, and low manufacturing cost.04-19-2012
20120091420NONVOLATILE RESISTANCE CHANGE DEVICE - According to one embodiment a first variable resistance layer which is arranged between a second electrode and a first electrode and in which a first conductive filament is capable of growing based on metal supplied from the second electrode, and an n-th variable resistance layer which is arranged between an n-th electrode and an (n+1)-th electrode and in which an n-th conductive filament whose growth rate is different from the first conductive filament is capable of growing based on metal supplied from the (n+1)-th electrode are included, a configuration in which a plurality of conductive filaments is electrically connected in series between the first electrode layer and the (n+1)-th electrode layer is included, and a resistance is changed in a stepwise manner.04-19-2012
20120091419MEMORY CELLS HAVING STORAGE ELEMENTS THAT SHARE MATERIAL LAYERS WITH STEERING ELEMENTS AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some embodiments, a memory cell is provided that includes a storage element formed from an MIM stack including (1) a first conductive layer; (2) an RRS layer formed above the first conductive layer; and (3) a second conductive layer formed above the RRS layer, at least one of the first and second conductive layers comprising a first semiconductor material layer. The memory cell includes a steering element coupled to the storage element, the steering element formed from the first semiconductor material layer of the MIM stack and one or more additional material layers. Numerous other aspects are provided.04-19-2012
20120091418BIPOLAR STORAGE ELEMENTS FOR USE IN MEMORY CELLS AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - In some embodiments, a memory cell is provided that includes (1) a bipolar storage element formed from a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) stack including (a) a first conductive layer; (b) a reversible resistivity switching (RRS) layer formed above the first conductive layer; (c) a metal/metal oxide layer stack formed above the first conductive layer; and (d) a second conductive layer formed above the RRS layer and the metal/metal oxide layer stack; and (2) a steering element coupled to the storage element. Numerous other aspects are provided.04-19-2012
20120286229Memory Cells - Some embodiments include a memory cell that contains programmable material sandwiched between first and second electrodes. The memory cell can further include a heating element which is directly against one of the electrodes and directly against the programmable material. The heating element can have a thickness in a range of from about 2 nanometers to about 30 nanometers, and can be more electrically resistive than the electrodes. Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells that include heating elements directly between electrodes and programmable materials.11-15-2012
20120286231SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Disclosed is a semiconductor device including a resistive change element between a first wiring and a second wiring, which are arranged in a vertical direction so as to be adjacent to each other, with an interlayer insulation film being interposed on a semiconductor substrate. The resistive change element includes a lower electrode, a resistive change element film made of a metal oxide and an upper electrode. Since the upper electrode on the resistive change element film is formed as part of a plug for the second wiring, a structure in which a side surface of the upper electrode is not in direct contact with the side surface of the metal oxide or the lower electrode is provided so that it is possible to realize excellent device characteristics, even when a byproduct is adhered to the side wall of the metal oxide or the lower electrode in the etching thereof.11-15-2012
20120286230CONFINEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR NON-VOLATILE RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MEMORIES - Confinement techniques for non-volatile resistive-switching memories are described, including a memory element having a first electrode, a second electrode, a metal oxide between the first electrode and the second electrode. A resistive switching memory element described herein includes a first electrode adjacent to an interlayer dielectric, a spacer over at least a portion of the interlayer dielectric and over a portion of the first electrode and a metal oxide layer over the spacer and the first electrode such that an interface between the metal oxide layer and the electrode is smaller than a top surface of the electrode.11-15-2012
20120286228PHASE-CHANGE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A phase change random access memory device includes a bottom electrode contact formed within a bottom electrode contact hole, a phase-change material pattern formed to surround a side of an upper portion of the bottom electrode contact, and an insulating layer buried within the phase-change material pattern and formed on an upper surface of the bottom electrode contact.11-15-2012
20120286227SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A semiconductor memory device includes an isolation layer formed in a substrate and defining an active region, a trench formed in the substrate and defining a part of the active region as an active pillar; a word line formed inside the trench, a sub-source line formed under the trench and crossing the word line, a main source line formed over the substrate, coupled to the sub-source line, and crossing the word line, a variable resistor pattern formed over the active pillar, and a bit line contacting the variable resistor pattern and crossing the word line.11-15-2012
20100207093Semiconductor device and method of manufacturing semiconductor device - Provided is a semiconductor device including a substrate, and a first wiring layer, a second wiring layer, and a switch via formed on the substrate. The first wiring layer has first wiring formed therein and the second wiring layer has second wiring formed therein. The switch via connects the first wiring and the second wiring. The switch via includes at least at its bottom a switch element including a resistance change layer. A resistance value of the resistance change layer changes according to a history of an electric field applied thereto.08-19-2010
20090026439Phase Change Memory Cells Having a Cell Diode and a Bottom Electrode Self-Aligned with Each Other - Integrated circuit devices are provide having a vertical diode therein. The devices include an integrated circuit substrate and an insulating layer on the integrated circuit substrate. A contact hole penetrates the insulating layer. A vertical diode is in lower region of the contact hole and a bottom electrode in the contact hole has a bottom surface on a top surface of the vertical diode. The bottom electrode is self-aligned with the vertical diode. A top surface area of the bottom electrode is less than a horizontal section area of the contact hole. Methods of forming the integrated circuit devices and phase change memory cells are also provided.01-29-2009
20130015422REACTIVE METAL IMPLATED OXIDE BASED MEMORY - Methods, devices, and systems associated with oxide based memory can include a method of forming an oxide based memory cell. Forming an oxide based memory cell can include forming a first conductive element, forming an oxide over the first conductive element, implanting a reactive metal into the oxide, and forming a second conductive element over the oxide.01-17-2013
20130015423METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY ELEMENT, AND NONVOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY ELEMENTAANM Mikawa; TakumiAACI ShigaAACO JPAAGP Mikawa; Takumi Shiga JPAANM Hayakawa; YukioAACI KyotoAACO JPAAGP Hayakawa; Yukio Kyoto JPAANM Kawashima; YoshioAACI OsakaAACO JPAAGP Kawashima; Yoshio Osaka JPAANM Ninomiya; TakekiAACI OsakaAACO JPAAGP Ninomiya; Takeki Osaka JP - Provided is a method for manufacturing a variable resistance nonvolatile semiconductor memory element, and a nonvolatile semiconductor memory element which make it possible to operate at a low voltage and high speed when initial breakdown is caused, and exhibit favorable diode element characteristics. The method for manufacturing the nonvolatile semiconductor memory element includes, after forming a top electrode of a variable resistance element and at least before forming a top electrode of an MSM diode element, oxidizing to insulate a portion of a variable resistance film in a region around an end face of a variable resistance layer.01-17-2013
20130168634RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE - A resistive memory device includes a lower electrode disposed on a substrate, first and second resistance layers respectively disposed on opposite sides of the lower electrode and exhibiting resistance variation at different voltages, respectively, and an upper electrode disposed on and the first and second resistance layers.07-04-2013
20120241712Resistive-Switching Memory and Fabrication Method Thereof - The present invention discloses a resistive-switching memory and the fabrication method thereof. The resistive-switching memory comprises a substrate, a top electrode, a bottom electrode, and a resistive-switching material interposed between the top and bottom electrodes, wherein the central portion of the bottom electrode protrudes upwards to form a peak shape, and the top electrode is in a plate shape. The peak structure of the bottom electrode reduces power consumption of the device. The fabrication method thereof comprises forming peak structures on the surface of the substrate by means of corrosion, and then growing bottom electrodes thereon to form bottom electrodes having peak shapes, and depositing resistive-switching material and top electrodes. The entire fabrication process is simple, and high integration degree of the device can be achieved.09-27-2012
20120241711MULTI-LEVEL MEMORY CELL - Some embodiments include a memory device and methods of forming the same. The memory device can include an electrode coupled to a memory element. The electrode can include different materials located at different portions of the electrode. The materials can create different dielectrics contacting the memory elements at different locations. Various states of the materials in the memory device can be used to represent stored information. Other embodiments are described.09-27-2012
20120241710Fabrication of RRAM Cell Using CMOS Compatible Processes - Generally, the subject matter disclosed herein relates to the fabrication of an RRAM cell using CMOS compatible processes. A resistance random access memory device is disclosed which includes a semiconducting substrate, a top electrode, at least one metal silicide bottom electrode formed at least partially in the substrate, wherein at least a portion of the at least one bottom electrode is positioned below the top electrode, and at least one insulating layer positioned between the top electrode and at least a portion of the at least one bottom electrode. A method of making a resistance random access memory device is disclosed that includes forming an isolation structure in a semiconducting substrate to thereby define an enclosed area, performing at least one ion implantation process to implant dopant atoms into the substrate within the enclosed area, after performing the at least one ion implantation process, forming a layer of refractory metal above at least portions of the substrate, and performing at least one heat treatment process to form at least one metal silicide bottom electrode at least partially in the substrate, wherein at least a portion of the at least one bottom electrode is positioned below at least a portion of a top electrode of the device.09-27-2012
20130168632RESISTANCE VARIABLE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - A resistance variable memory device includes: a first electrode; a second electrode; a resistance variable layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode; and nano particles that are disposed in the resistance variable layer and have a lower dielectric constant than the resistance variable layer.07-04-2013
20130168633SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A device that may be used for a phase change random access memory in a semiconductor device and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. The device includes a phase change unit and two sidewall electrodes respectively located on two opposite sidewalls of the phase change unit. The phase change unit includes a three layer structure, in which a phase change material layer is positioned between a top insulating material layer and a bottom insulating material layer. The first sidewall electrode and the second sidewall electrode are in contact with two opposite end faces of the phase change material layer. The contact area between electrode and phase change material is reduced, thereby obtaining a relatively small drive current and meeting a demand that the integrated level of such a device is increasingly enhanced.07-04-2013
20130140514NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A nonvolatile memory device includes a substrate, a lower electrode formed above said substrate, a second variable resistance layer formed above said lower electrode and comprising a second transitional metal oxide, a first variable resistance layer formed above said second variable resistance layer and comprising a first transitional metal oxide having an oxygen content that is lower than an oxygen content of the second transitional metal oxide, and an upper electrode formed above said first variable resistance layer. A step is formed in an interface between said lower electrode and said second variable resistance layer. The second variable resistance layer is formed covering the step and has a bend above the step.06-06-2013
20130140515NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method of manufacturing a nonvolatile memory element, the method including: forming a first lower electrode layer, a current steering layer, and a first upper electrode layer; forming a second lower electrode layer, a variable resistance layer, and a second upper electrode layer on the first upper electrode layer; patterning the second upper electrode layer, the variable resistance layer, and the lower electrode layer; patterning the first upper electrode layer, the current steering layer, and first lower electrode layer to form a current steering element, using the second lower electrode layer as a mask by use of etching which is performed on the second lower electrode layer at an etching rate lower than at least etching rates at which the second upper electrode layer and the variable resistance layer are etched; and forming a variable resistance element which has an area smaller than the area of the current steering element.06-06-2013
20130140512NONVOLATILE RESISTIVE MEMORY ELEMENT WITH A PASSIVATED SWITCHING LAYER - A nonvolatile resistive memory element has a novel variable resistance layer that is passivated with non-metallic dopant atoms, such as nitrogen, either during or after deposition of the switching layer. The presence of the non-metallic dopant atoms in the variable resistance layer enables the switching layer to operate with reduced switching current while maintaining improved data retention properties.06-06-2013
20130140513THERMALLY CONFINED ELECTRODE FOR PROGRAMMABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY - A memory device includes a plurality of side-wall electrodes formed on a first side-wall of a trench within an insulating layer over a first plurality of contacts in an array of contacts in a substrate. The plurality of side-wall electrodes contact respective top surfaces of the first plurality of contacts. The side-wall electrodes respectively comprise a layer of tantalum nitride, having a composition Ta06-06-2013
20080224119PHASE CHANGE MEMORY ELEMENT AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - Thin-film phase-change memories having small phase-change switching volume formed by overlapping thin films. Exemplary embodiments include a phase-change memory element, including a first phase change layer having a resistance, a second phase change layer having a resistance, an insulating layer disposed between the first and second phase change layers; and a third phase change layer having a resistance, and coupled to each of the first and second phase change layers, bridging the insulating layer and electrically coupling the first and second phase change layers, wherein the resistance of the third phase change layer is greater than both the resistance of the first phase change layer and the second phase change layer.09-18-2008
20080224118HEAT-SHIELDED LOW POWER PCM-BASED REPROGRAMMABLE EFUSE DEVICE - An electrically re-programmable fuse (eFUSE) device for use in integrated circuit devices includes an elongated heater element, an electrically insulating liner surrounding an outer surface of the elongated heater element, corresponding to a longitudinal axis thereof, leaving opposing ends of the elongated heater element in electrical contact with first and second heater electrodes. A phase change material (PCM) surrounds a portion of an outer surface of the electrically insulating liner, a thermally and electrically insulating layer surrounds an outer surface of the PCM, with first and second fuse electrodes in electrical contact with opposing ends of the PCM. The PCM is encapsulated within the electrically insulating liner, the thermally and electrically insulating layer, and the first and second fuse electrodes.09-18-2008
20080224117SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A semiconductor memory device includes a first resistance change element having a first portion and a second portion, the first portion and the second portion having a first space in a first direction, and a second resistance change element formed to have a distance to the first resistance change element in the first direction, and having a third portion and a fourth portion, the third portion and the fourth portion having a second space in the first direction, and the first space and the second space being shorter than the distance.09-18-2008
20130168630Memory Structures and Arrays, and Methods of Forming Memory Structures and Arrays - Some embodiments include memory structures having a diode over a memory cell. The memory cell can include programmable material between a pair of electrodes, with the programmable material containing a multivalent metal oxide directly against a high-k dielectric. The diode can include a first diode electrode directly over one of the memory cell electrodes and electrically coupled with the memory cell electrode, and can include a second diode electrode laterally outward of the first diode electrode and not directly over the memory cell. Some embodiments include memory arrays comprising the memory structures, and some embodiments include methods of making the memory structures.07-04-2013
20130168631NON-VOLATILE MEMORY STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME - The disclosure provides a non-volatile memory structure and a method for fabricating the same. The non-volatile memory structure includes a first contact connected to a first transistor. A second contact is connected to a second transistor. A resistance-changing memory material pattern covers and contacts the second contact but not the first contact. A top electrode contacts both the resistance-changing memory material pattern and the first contact. An area of the resistance-changing memory material pattern is substantially larger than an area of its interface with the second contact.07-04-2013
20120248398VERTICAL TRANSISTOR PHASE CHANGE MEMORY - Vertical transistor phase change memory and methods of processing phase change memory are described herein. One or more methods include forming a dielectric on at least a portion of a vertical transistor, forming an electrode on the dielectric, and forming a vertical strip of phase change material on a portion of a side of the electrode and on a portion of a side of the dielectric extending along the electrode and the dielectric into contact with the vertical transistor.10-04-2012
20130175494MEMORY CELLS INCLUDING TOP ELECTRODES COMPRISING METAL SILICIDE, APPARATUSES INCLUDING SUCH CELLS, AND RELATED METHODS - Memory cells (e.g., CBRAM cells) include an ion source material over an active material and an electrode comprising metal silicide over the ion source material. The ion source material may include at least one of a chalcogenide material and a metal. Apparatuses, such as systems and devices, include a plurality of such memory cells. Memory cells include an adhesion material of metal silicide between a ion source material and an electrode of elemental metal. Methods of forming a memory cell include forming a first electrode, forming an active material, forming an ion source material, and forming a second electrode including metal silicide over the metal ion source material. Methods of adhering a material including copper and a material including tungsten include forming a tungsten silicide material over a material including copper and treating the materials.07-11-2013
20130175495Integrated Circuitry, Methods of Forming Memory Cells, and Methods of Patterning Platinum-Containing Material - Some embodiments include methods of patterning platinum-containing material. An opening may be formed to extend into an oxide. Platinum-containing material may be formed over and directly against an upper surface of the oxide, and within the opening. The platinum-containing material within the opening may be a plug having a lateral periphery. The lateral periphery of the plug may be directly against the oxide. The platinum-containing material may be subjected to polishing to remove the platinum-containing material from over the upper surface of the oxide. The polishing may delaminate the platinum-containing material from the oxide, and may remove the platinum-containing material from over the oxide with an effective selectivity for the platinum-containing material relative to the oxide of at least about 5:1. Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells. Some embodiments include integrated circuitry having platinum-containing material within an opening in an oxide and directly against the oxide.07-11-2013
20130134380UPWARDLY TAPERING HEATERS FOR PHASE CHANGE MEMORIES - A substantially planar heater for a phase change memory may taper as it extends upwardly to contact a chalcogenide layer. As a result, the contact area between heater and chalcogenide is reduced. This reduced contact area can reduce power consumption in some embodiments.05-30-2013
20130092894MEMORY CELLS AND MEMORY CELL ARRAYS - Some embodiments include memory cells. The memory cells may have a first electrode, and a trench-shaped programmable material structure over the first electrode. The trench-shape defines an opening. The programmable material may be configured to reversibly retain a conductive bridge. The memory cell may have an ion source material directly against the programmable material, and may have a second electrode within the opening defined by the trench-shaped programmable material. Some embodiments include arrays of memory cells. The arrays may have first electrically conductive lines, and trench-shaped programmable material structures over the first lines. The trench-shaped structures may define openings within them. Ion source material may be directly against the programmable material, and second electrically conductive lines may be over the ion source material and within the openings defined by the trench-shaped structures.04-18-2013
20130112936RESISTANCE CHANGE ELEMENT AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR - A variable resistance element including: a first electrode; a second electrode; and a variable resistance layer having a resistance value which reversibly changes according to electrical signals applied, wherein the variable resistance layer includes a first variable resistance layer comprising a first oxygen-deficient transition metal oxide, and a second variable resistance layer comprising a second transition metal oxide having a degree of oxygen deficiency lower than a degree of oxygen deficiency of the first transition metal oxide layer, the second electrode has a single needle-shaped part at the interface with the second variable resistance layer, and the second variable resistance layer is interposed between the first variable resistance layer and the second electrode, is in contact with the first variable resistance layer and the second electrode, and covers the needle-shaped part.05-09-2013
20130112935NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT, NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR THE SAME - A nonvolatile memory element according to the present invention includes a first metal line; a plug formed on the first metal line and connected to the first metal line; a stacked structure including a first electrode, a second electrode, and a variable resistance layer, the stacked structure being formed on a plug which is connected to the first electrode; a second metal line formed on the stacked structure and directly connected to the second electrode; and a side wall protective layer which covers the side wall of the stacked structure and has an insulating property and an oxygen barrier property, wherein part of a lower surface of the second metal line is located under an upper surface of the stacked structure.05-09-2013
20130112934NANOSCALE SWITCHING DEVICE - A nanoscale switching device has an active region disposed between two electrodes of nanoscale widths. The active region contains a switching material that carries mobile ionic dopants capable of being transported over the active region under an electric field to change a resistive state of the device. The switching material further carries immobile ionic dopants for inhibiting clustering of the mobile ionic dopants caused by switching cycles of the device. The immobile ionic dopants have a charge opposite in polarity to the charge of the mobile ionic dopants, and are less mobile under the electric field than the mobile ion dopants.05-09-2013
20130099192Electronic Devices, Memory Devices and Memory Arrays - Some embodiments include electronic devices having two capacitors connected in series. The two capacitors share a common electrode. One of the capacitors includes a region of a semiconductor substrate and a dielectric between such region and the common electrode. The other of the capacitors includes a second electrode and ion conductive material between the second electrode and the common electrode. At least one of the first and second electrodes has an electrochemically active surface directly against the ion conductive material. Some embodiments include memory cells having two capacitors connected in series, and some embodiments include memory arrays containing such memory cells.04-25-2013
20130099191Resistive switching memory elements having improved switching characteristics - Resistive-switching memory elements having improved switching characteristics are described, including a memory element having a first electrode and a second electrode, a switching layer between the first electrode and the second electrode comprising hafnium oxide and having a first thickness, and a coupling layer between the switching layer and the second electrode, the coupling layer comprising a material including metal titanium and having a second thickness that is less than 25 percent of the first thickness.04-25-2013
20110266514MEMORY CELL COMPRISING A CARBON NANOTUBE FABRIC ELEMENT AND A STEERING ELEMENT - A memory cell is provided, the memory cell including a steering element having a vertically-oriented p-i-n junction, and a carbon nanotube fabric. The steering element and the carbon nanotube fabric are arranged electrically in series, and the entire memory cell is formed above a substrate. Other aspects are also provided.11-03-2011
20130134378VARIABLE-RESISTANCE MATERIAL MEMORIES AND METHODS - Variable-resistance memory material cells are contacted by vertical bottom spacer electrodes. Variable-resistance material memory spacer cells are contacted along the edge by electrodes. Processes include the formation of the bottom spacer electrodes as well as the variable-resistance material memory spacer cells. Devices include the variable-resistance memory cells.05-30-2013
20130134377SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE HAVING THREE-DIMENSIONALLY ARRANGED RESISTIVE MEMORY CELLS - Semiconductor memory devices are provided. The device may include may include first and second selection lines connected to each other to constitute a selection line group, a plurality of word lines sequentially stacked on each of the first and second selection lines, vertical electrodes arranged in a row between the first and second selection lines, a plurality of bit line plugs arranged in a row at each of both sides of the selection line group, and bit lines crossing the word lines and connecting the bit line plugs with each other.05-30-2013
20130134376ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF ZIRCONIUM OXIDE FOR FORMING RESISTIVE-SWITCHING MATERIALS - Atomic layer deposition (ALD) can be used to form a dielectric layer of zirconium oxide for use in a variety of electronic devices. Forming the dielectric layer includes depositing zirconium oxide using atomic layer deposition. A method of atomic layer deposition to produce a metal-rich metal oxide comprises the steps of providing a silicon substrate in a reaction chamber, pulsing a zirconium precursor for a predetermined time to deposit a first layer, and oxidizing the first layer with water vapor to produce the metal-rich metal oxide. The metal-rich metal oxide has superior properties for non-volatile resistive-switching memories.05-30-2013
20080197337PHASE-CHANGE TaN RESISTOR BASED TRIPLE-STATE/MULTI-STATE READ ONLY MEMORY - The present invention relates to a nonvolatile memory such as, for example a ROM or an EPROM, in which the information density of the memory is increased relative to a conventional nonvolatile memory that includes two logic state devices. Specifically, the nonvolatile memory of the present invention includes a SiN/TaN/SiN thin film resistor embedded within a material having a thermal conductivity of about 1 W/m-K or less; and a non-linear Si-containing device coupled to the resistor. Read and write circuits and operations are also provided in the present application.08-21-2008
20080197336Nonvolatile memory devices and methods of forming the same - A nonvolatile memory device includes a bottom electrode on a semiconductor substrate, a data storage layer on the bottom electrode, the data storage layer including a transition metal oxide, and a switching layer provided on a top surface and/or a bottom surface of the data storage layer, wherein a bond energy of material included in the switching layer and oxygen is more than a bond energy of a transition metal in the transition metal oxide and oxygen.08-21-2008
20080197335Semiconductor device and fabrications thereof - A memory device is disclosed. A pillar structure comprises a first electrode layer, a dielectric layer overlying the first electrode layer, and a second electrode layer overlying the dielectric layer. A phase change layer covers a surrounding of the pillar structure. A bottom electrode electrically connects the first electrode layer of the pillar structure. A top electrode electrically connects the second electrode layer of the pillar structure.08-21-2008
20110227028BOTTOM ELECTRODES FOR USE WITH METAL OXIDE RESISTIVITY SWITCHING LAYERS - In a first aspect, an MIM stack is provided that includes (1) a first conductive layer comprising a first metal-silicide layer and a second metal-silicide layer; (2) a resistivity-switching layer comprising a metal oxide layer formed above the first conductive layer; and (3) a second conductive layer formed above the resistivity-switching layer. A memory cell may be formed from the MIM stack. Numerous other aspects are provided.09-22-2011
20100308295Deletable nanotube circuit - Carbon nanotube template arrays may be edited to form connections between proximate nanotubes and/or to delete undesired nanotubes or nanotube junctions.12-09-2010
20110233511NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A nonvolatile memory element (09-29-2011
20110233510NONVOLATILE MEMORY ELEMENT - A nonvolatile memory element of the present invention comprises a first electrode (09-29-2011
20110233509NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a nonvolatile memory device including a nonvolatile memory layer is provided. The nonvolatile memory layer is formed of a metal oxide film that includes an element with a higher electronegativity compared with a metal element forming the metal oxide film in the metal oxide film at a concentration of 25 at % or less.09-29-2011
20110233508NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to one embodiment, a nonvolatile memory device includes an electrode and a memory layer. The memory layer is connected to the electrode, and the memory layer has a resistance configured to change due to a current flowing from the electrode. The electrode includes a first layer and a second layer. The first layer includes a metallic element and a first non-metallic element, and the first non-metallic element has a first valence n. The second layer is provided between the first layer and the memory layer, and the second layer includes the metallic element and a second non-metallic element. The second non-metallic element has a second valence (n+1) greater than the first valence n by 1.09-29-2011
20110233507RESISTANCE CHANGE MEMORY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to one embodiment, a resistance change memory includes a first interconnect line extending in a first direction, a second interconnect line extending in a second direction intersecting with the first direction, a cell unit which is provided at the intersection of the first interconnect line and the second interconnect line and which includes a memory element and a non-ohmic element that are connected in series. The non-ohmic element has a first semiconductor layer which includes at least one diffusion buffering region and a conductive layer adjacent to the first semiconductor layer. The diffusion buffering region is different in crystal structure from a semiconductor region except for the diffusion buffering region in the first semiconductor layer.09-29-2011
20110233506NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - According to one embodiment, a nonvolatile memory device includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a resistance change portion and a select element. The resistance change portion is provided between the first electrode and the second electrode and configured to transition between a first resistance state and a second resistance state. The select element is provided between the resistance change portion and the first electrode and has a p-layer including a p-type semiconductor, an i-layer including an intrinsic semiconductor, and an n-layer including an n-type semiconductor. The select element contains an impurity having a smaller bandgap energy than the intrinsic semiconductor, and a concentration peak of the impurity in the i-layer is placed in a center portion of layer thickness of the i-layer.09-29-2011
20100314602NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - A nonvolatile memory device includes: a first conductive layer; a second conductive layer; a first resistance change layer provided between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer and having an electrical resistance changing with at least one of an applied electric field and a passed current; and a first lateral layer provided on a lateral surface of the first resistance change layer and having an oxygen concentration higher than an oxygen concentration in the first resistance change layer12-16-2010
20110272664SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A semiconductor device comprises a semiconductor substrate; a multilevel wiring layer structure on the semiconductor substrate; and a variable resistance element in the multilevel wiring layer structure, wherein the variable resistance element comprises a variable resistance element film whose resistance changes between a top electrode and a bottom electrode, wherein the multilevel wiring layer structure comprises at least a wiring electrically connected to the bottom electrode and a plug electrically connected to the top electrode, and wherein the wiring also serves as the bottom electrode.11-10-2011
20110272663NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE USING VARIABLE RESISTIVE ELEMENT - A nonvolatile memory device and a method of fabricating the same are provided. The nonvolatile memory device includes a conductive pillar that extends from a substrate in a first direction, a variable resistor that surrounds the conductive pillar, a switching material layer that surrounds the variable resistor, a first conductive layer that extends in a second direction, and a first electrode that extends in a third direction and contacts the first conductive layer and the switching material layer. Not one of the first, second, and third directions is parallel to another one of the first, second, and third directions.11-10-2011
20110272662Forced Ion Migration for Chalcogenide Phase Change Memory Device - Non-volatile memory devices with two stacked layers of chalcogenide materials comprising the active memory device have been investigated for their potential as phase-change memories. The devices tested included GeTe/SnTe, Ge11-10-2011
20110272661RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - Provided are a resistive memory device and a method of fabricating the same. The resistive memory device comprises an electron channel layer formed by means of a swelling process and an annealing process. Thus, conductive nanoparticles are uniformly dispersed in the electron channel layer to improve reliability of the resistive memory device. According to the method, an electron channel layer is formed by means of a printing process, a swelling process, and an annealing process. Thus, fabrication time is reduced.11-10-2011
20110272660RESISTIVE MEMORY AND METHODS OF PROCESSING RESISTIVE MEMORY - Resistive memory and methods of processing resistive memory are described herein. One or more method embodiments of processing resistive memory include forming a resistive memory cell material on an electrode having an access device contact, and forming a heater electrode on the resistive memory cell material after forming the resistive memory cell material on the electrode such that the heater electrode is self-aligned to the resistive memory cell material.11-10-2011
20130126818RESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (RRAM) USING STACKED DIELECTRICS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Resistive random access memory (RRAM) using stacked dielectrics and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed, where a setting power of only 4 μW, an ultra-low reset power of 2 nW, good switching uniformity and excellent cycling endurance up to 5×1005-23-2013
20130126817E-FUSES CONTAINING AT LEAST ONE UNDERLYING TUNGSTEN CONTACT FOR PROGRAMMING - Semiconductor structures are provided containing an electronic fuse (E-fuse) that includes a fuse element and at least one underlying tungsten contact that is used for programming the fuse element. In some embodiments, a pair of neighboring tungsten contacts is used for programming the fuse element. In another embodiment, an overlying conductive region can be used in conjunction with one of the underlying tungsten contacts to program the fuse element. In the disclosed structures, the fuse element is in direct contact with upper surfaces of a pair of underlying tungsten contacts. In one embodiment, the semiconductor structures may include an interconnect level located atop the fuse element. The interconnect level has a plurality of conductive regions embedded therein. In other embodiments, the fuse element is located within an interconnect level that is located atop the tungsten contacts.05-23-2013
20130126821BOTTOM ELECTRODES FOR USE WITH METAL OXIDE RESISTIVITY SWITCHING LAYERS - In a first aspect, a metal-insulator-metal (“MIM”) stack is provided that includes a first conductive layer, a resistivity-switching layer having a metal oxide layer formed above the first conductive layer, a material layer between the first conductive layer and the resistivity-switching layer, and a second conductive layer above the resistivity-switching layer. The first conductive layer includes a multi-layer metal-silicide stack, and the material layer has a Gibbs free energy of formation per O between about −3 and −6 eV. A memory cell may be formed from the MIM stack. Numerous other aspects are provided.05-23-2013
20130126820VARIABLE AND REVERSIBLE RESISTIVE MEMORY STORAGE ELEMENT AND MEMORY STORAGE MODULE HAVING THE SAME - A variable and reversible resistive memory storage element and a memory storage module having the same are provided. The memory storage module comprises a select gate element and the resistive memory storage element. The select gate element comprises two source/drain regions. The resistive memory storage module comprises a first electrode, a first high-k dielectric layer and a second electrode. The first electrode is a semiconductor doping area, which is one of the two source/drain regions of the select gate element. The first high-k dielectric layer is formed on the first electrode to provide a variable resistance. The second electrode is a first metal gate formed on the first high-k dielectric layer.05-23-2013
20130126819MEMORY DEVICE HAVING VERTICAL SELECTION TRANSISTORS WITH SHARED CHANNEL STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME - The present invention relates to resistive memory devices incorporating therein vertical selection transistors and methods for making the same. A memory device comprises a semiconductor substrate having a first type conductivity and a plurality of parallel trenches therein; a plurality of parallel common source lines having a second type conductivity opposite to the first type conductivity formed in the trench bottoms; a plurality of parallel gate electrodes formed on the trench sidewalls with a gate dielectric layer interposed therebetween, the gate electrodes being lower in height than the trench sidewalls; and a plurality of drain regions having the second type conductivity formed in top regions of the trench sidewalls, at least two of the drain regions being formed in each of the trench sidewalls and sharing a respective common channel formed in the each of the trench sidewalls and a respective one of the source lines.05-23-2013
20130200324Transition Metal Oxide Bilayers - Embodiments of the invention include nonvolatile memory elements and memory devices comprising the nonvolatile memory elements. Methods for forming the nonvolatile memory elements are also disclosed. The nonvolatile memory element comprises a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer, and a plurality of layers of an oxide disposed between the first and second electrode layers. One of the oxide layers has linear resistance and substoichiometric composition, and the other oxide layer has bistable resistance and near-stoichiometric composition. Preferably, the sum of the two oxide layer thicknesses is between about 20 Å and about 100 Å, and the oxide layer with bistable resistance has a thickness between about 25% and about 75% of the total thickness. In one embodiment, the oxide layers are formed using reactive sputtering in an atmosphere with controlled flows of argon and oxygen.08-08-2013
20130153851STACK TYPE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A stack type memory device includes a semiconductor substrate; a plurality of bit lines arranged and stacked on the semiconductor substrate; a plurality of word lines formed on the plurality of bit lines; a plurality of interconnection units, each extending from a respective word line toward a respective one of the plurality of bit lines; and a plurality of memory cells connected between the plurality of bit lines and the interconnection units extending from the plurality of word lines, respectively.06-20-2013
20130153852VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICES AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - A variable resistance memory device comprises a bit line extended in a first direction, a vertical electrode extended vertically in a third direction and configured to be vertically aligned with the bit line in the third direction, a variable resistance layer disposed on a part of the vertical electrode, multiple word lines disposed on the variable resistance layer and stacked in the third direction, wherein each of multiple word lines are extended in a second direction, and a selection transistor including a first dopant injection region electrically connected to the vertical electrode, and a second dopant injection region electrically connected to the bit line.06-20-2013
20130153853HORIZONTALLY ORIENTED AND VERTICALLY STACKED MEMORY CELLS - Horizontally oriented and vertically stacked memory cells are described herein. One or more method embodiments include forming a vertical stack having a first insulator material, a first memory cell material on the first insulator material, a second insulator material on the first memory cell material, a second memory cell material on the second insulator material, and a third insulator material on the second memory cell material, forming an electrode adjacent a first side of the first memory cell material and a first side of the second memory cell material, and forming an electrode adjacent a second side of the first memory cell material and a second side of the second memory cell material.06-20-2013
20130153854DIAMOND TYPE QUAD-RESISTOR CELLS OF PRAM - A method of forming a phase-change random access memory (PRAM) cell, and a structure of a phase-change random access memory (PRAM) cell are disclosed. The PRAM cell includes a bottom electrode, a heater resistor coupled to the bottom electrode, a phase change material (PCM) formed over and coupled to the heater resistor, and a top electrode coupled to the phase change material. The phase change material contacts a portion of a vertical surface of the heater resistor and a portion of a horizontal surface of the heater resistor to form an active region between the heater resistor and the phase change material.06-20-2013
20130181182PHASE-CHANGE MEMORY CELL - The memory cell includes a memory area which is formed in a phase-change material pattern based on chalcogenide. An electric pin-type junction is series-connected between electrodes. The pin junction is formed in a crystalline area by the interface between first and second doped areas of the phase-change material pattern. The memory area is formed in one of the two doped areas, at a distance from the junction.07-18-2013
20110291067Threshold Device For A Memory Array - A threshold device including a plurality of adjacent tunnel barrier layers that are in contact with one another and are made from a plurality of different dielectric materials is disclosed. A memory plug having first and second terminals includes, electrically in series with the first and second terminals, the threshold device and a memory element that stores data as a plurality of conductivity profiles. The threshold device is operative to impart a characteristic I-V curve that defines current flow through the memory element as a function of applied voltage across the terminals during data operations. The threshold device substantially reduces or eliminates current flow through half-selected or un-selected memory plugs and allows a sufficient magnitude of current to flow through memory plugs that are selected for read and write operations. The threshold device reduces or eliminates data disturb in half-selected memory plugs and increases S/N ratio during read operations.12-01-2011
20130119344NONVOLATILE STORAGE ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - A variable resistance nonvolatile storage element includes: a first electrode; a second electrode; and a variable resistance layer having a resistance value that reversibly changes based on an electrical signal applied between the electrodes, wherein the variable resistance layer has a structure formed by stacking a first transition metal oxide layer, a second transition metal oxide layer, and a third transition metal oxide layer in this order, the first transition metal oxide layer having a composition expressed as MO05-16-2013
20110303889VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE HAVING REDUCED BOTTOM CONTACT AREA AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME - A variable resistance memory element and method of forming the same. The memory element includes a substrate supporting a bottom electrode having a small bottom contact area. A variable resistance material is formed over the bottom electrodes such that the variable resistance material has a surface that is in electrical communication with the bottom electrode and a top electrode is formed over the variable resistance material. The small bottom electrode contact area reduces the reset current requirement which in turn reduces the write transistor size for each bit.12-15-2011
20110309320METHOD FOR ACTIVE PINCH OFF OF AN OVONIC UNIFIED MEMORY ELEMENT - A method of manufacturing a phase change memory (PCM) includes forming a pinch plate layer transversely to a PCM layer that is insulated from the pinch plate layer by a dielectric layer. Biasing the pinch plate layer causes a depletion region to form in the PCM layer. During a read of the PCM in a reset or partial reset state the depletion region increases the resistance of the PCM layer significantly.12-22-2011
20110309319HORIZONTALLY ORIENTED AND VERTICALLY STACKED MEMORY CELLS - Horizontally oriented and vertically stacked memory cells are described herein. One or more method embodiments include forming a vertical stack having a first insulator material, a first memory cell material on the first insulator material, a second insulator material on the first memory cell material, a second memory cell material on the second insulator material, and a third insulator material on the second memory cell material, forming an electrode adjacent a first side of the first memory cell material and a first side of the second memory cell material, and forming an electrode adjacent a second side of the first memory cell material and a second side of the second memory cell material.12-22-2011
20130187116RRAM Device With Free-Forming Conductive Filament(s), and Methods of Making Same - Disclosed herein is an RRAM device with free-forming conductive filament(s), and various methods of making such an RRAM device. In one example, a device disclosed herein includes a first electrode, a second electrode positioned above the first electrode and a variable resistance material positioned between the first and second electrodes, wherein the variable resistance material is a metal oxide with a plurality of metal nano-crystals embedded therein.07-25-2013
20130187119Semiconductor Memory Devices Having Strapping Contacts - Semiconductor memory devices having strapping contacts are provided, the devices include cell regions and strapping regions between adjacent cell regions in a first direction. Active patterns, extending in the first direction throughout the cell regions and strapping regions, are spaced apart from one another in a second direction intersecting the first direction. First interconnection lines, extending in the first direction throughout the cell regions and strapping regions, are spaced apart from one another in the second direction while overlapping with the active patterns. Second interconnection lines, extending in the second direction, intersect the active patterns and first interconnection lines in the cell regions. The second interconnection lines are spaced apart from one another in the first direction. Memory cells are positioned at intersection portions of the first and second interconnection lines in the cell regions. The active patterns contact the first interconnection lines through strapping contacts in the strapping regions.07-25-2013
20130187118MEMORY DEVICE - According to one embodiment, a memory device includes a first interconnect group, a second interconnect group, and a memory cell. In the first interconnect group, first interconnects are stacked. The first interconnect group includes first regions in which the first interconnects are formed along a first direction, and a second region in which first contact plugs are formed on the first interconnects. In the second region, the first interconnect group includes a step portion. Heights of adjacent terraces of the step portion are different from each other by the two or more first interconnects.07-25-2013
20130187117Memory Cells and Methods of Forming Memory Cells - Some embodiments include memory cells which contain, in order; a first electrode material, a first metal oxide material, a second metal oxide material, and a second electrode material. The first metal oxide material has at least two regions which differ in oxygen concentration relative to one another. One of the regions is a first region and another is a second region. The first region is closer to the first electrode material than the second region, and has a greater oxygen concentration than the second region. The second metal oxide material includes a different metal than the first metal oxide material. Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells in which oxygen is substantially irreversibly transferred from a region of a metal oxide material to an oxygen-sink material. The oxygen transfer creates a difference in oxygen concentration within one region of the metal oxide material relative to another.07-25-2013
20120001146NANOSCALE METAL OXIDE RESISTIVE SWITCHING ELEMENT - A non-volatile memory device structure. The non-volatile memory device structure comprises a first electrode formed from a first metal material, a resistive switching element overlying the first electrode. The resistive switching element comprises a metal oxide material characterized by one or more oxygen deficient sites. The device includes a second electrode overlying the resistive switching layer, the second electrode being formed from a second metal material. The second electrode is made from a noble metal. The one or more oxygen deficient sites are caused to migrate from one of the first electrode or the second electrode towards the other electrode upon a voltage applied to the first electrode or the second electrode. The device can have a continuous change in resistance upon applying a continuous voltage ramp, suitable for an analog device. Alternatively, the device can have a sharp change in resistance upon applying the continuous voltage ramp, suitable for a digital device.01-05-2012
20120012808DEPOSITED SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE TO MINIMIZE N-TYPE DOPANT DIFFUSION AND METHOD OF MAKING - A memory cell is provided that includes a semiconductor pillar and a reversible state-change element coupled to the semiconductor pillar. The semiconductor pillar includes a heavily doped bottom region of a first conductivity type, a heavily doped top region of a second conductivity type, and a lightly doped or intrinsic middle region interposed between and contacting the top and bottom regions. The middle region comprises a first proportion of germanium, and either the top region or the bottom region comprises no germanium or comprises a second proportion of germanium less than the first proportion. The reversible state-change element includes a layer of a resistivity-switching metal oxide or nitride compound selected from the group consisting of NiO, Nb01-19-2012
20130193397High Consistency Resistive Memory and Manufacturing Method Thereof - The present invention relates to the technical field of memories, and in particular to a highly-consistent resistive memory and method of fabricating the same. The resistive memory comprises: a lower electrode which is formed in a first dielectric layer by patterning; a second dielectric layer formed on the lower electrode and the first dielectric layer and provided with an opening for exposing the lower electrode to perform patterning; an edge wall formed in the opening of the second dielectric layer for covering a border area of the lower electrode and the first dielectric layer so that only the middle area of the lower electrode is partially or totally exposed; a storage medium layer formed by performing oxidization with the second dielectric layer and the edge wall as mask; and an upper electrode. The resistive memory exhibits good consistency and high reliability; moreover, unit size is mall, which is advantageous for improving storage characteristic. When an array of memories is formed by the resistive memories, a good consistency is obtained among multiple resistive memories.08-01-2013
20130193394INCORPORATION OF OXYGEN INTO MEMORY CELLS - Electronic apparatus, systems, and methods include a resistive random access memory cell having an oxygen gradient in a variable resistive region of the resistive random access memory cell and methods of forming the resistive random access memory cell. Oxygen can be incorporated into the resistive random access memory cell by ion implantation. Additional apparatus, systems, and methods are disclosed.08-01-2013
20130193395VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME - According to example embodiments, a variable resistance memory device may include memory cells, in which contact areas between word lines and a variable resistance layer are almost constant. The variable resistance memory device may include a vertical electrode on a substrate, horizontal electrode layers and insulating layers sequentially and alternately stacked on the substrate. The horizontal electrode layers and the insulating layers may be adjacent to the vertical electrode. The variable resistance layer may be between the vertical electrode the horizontal electrode layers. A thickness of one of the horizontal electrode layers adjacent to the substrate may be thickness than a thickness of an other of the horizontal electrode layers that is spaced apart from the substrate.08-01-2013
20130193396VARIABLE RESISTIVE ELEMENT, AND NON-VOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE - A variable resistive element that performs a forming action at small current and a stable switching operation at low voltage and small current, and a low-power consumption large-capacity non-volatile semiconductor memory device including the element are realized. The element includes a variable resistor between first and second electrodes. The variable resistor includes at least two layers, which are a resistance change layer and high-oxygen layer, made of metal oxide or metal oxynitride. The high-oxygen layer is inserted between the first electrode having a work function smaller than the second electrode and the resistance change layer. The oxygen concentration of the metal oxide of the high-oxygen layer is adjusted such that the ratio of the oxygen composition ratio to the metal element to stoichiometric composition becomes larger than the ratio of the oxygen composition ratio to the metal element of the metal oxide forming the resistance change layer to stoichiometric composition.08-01-2013
20120018695Non-Volatile Memory Element And Memory Device Including The Same - Example embodiments, relate to a non-volatile memory element and a memory device including the same. The non-volatile memory element may include a memory layer having a multi-layered structure between two electrodes. The memory layer may include first and second material layers and may show a resistance change characteristic due to movement of ionic species therebetween. The first material layer may be an oxygen-supplying layer. The second material layer may be an oxide layer having a multi-trap level.01-26-2012
20120025163NON-VOLATILE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A variable resistance element that can stably perform a switching operation with a property variation being reduced by suppressing a sharp current that accompanies completion of forming process, and a non-volatile semiconductor memory device including the variable resistance element are realized. The non-volatile semiconductor memory device uses the variable resistance element for storing information in which a resistance changing layer is interposed between a first electrode and a second electrode, and a buffer layer is inserted between the first electrode and the resistance changing layer where a switching interface is formed. The buffer layer and the resistance changing layer include n-type metal oxides, and materials of the buffer layer and the resistance changing layer are selected such that energy at a bottom of a conduction band of the n-type metal oxide configuring the buffer layer is lower than that of the n-type metal oxide configuring the resistance changing layer.02-02-2012
20130200328PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICES - A phase change memory device is provided, including: a substrate; a first dielectric layer disposed over the substrate; a first electrode disposed in the first dielectric layer; a second dielectric layer formed over the first dielectric layer, covering the first electrode; a heating electrode disposed in the second dielectric layer, contacting the first electrode; a phase change material layer disposed over the second dielectric layer, contacting the heating electrode; and a second electrode disposed over the phase change material layer, wherein the heating electrode includes a first portion contacting the first electrode and a second portion contacting the phase change material layer, and the second portion of the heating electrode includes metal silicides, and the first portion of the heating electrode includes no metal silicides, and includes refractory metal materials or noble metal materials.08-08-2013
20130200323MULTIFUNCTIONAL ELECTRODE - A nonvolatile memory element is disclosed comprising a first electrode, a near-stoichiometric metal oxide memory layer having bistable resistance, and a second electrode in contact with the near-stoichiometric metal oxide memory layer. At least one electrode is a resistive electrode comprising a sub-stoichiometric transition metal nitride or oxynitride, and has a resistivity between 0.1 and 10 Ω cm. The resistive electrode provides the functionality of an embedded current-limiting resistor and also serves as a source and sink of oxygen vacancies for setting and resetting the resistance state of the metal oxide layer. Novel fabrication methods for the second electrode are also disclosed.08-08-2013
20130200329MEMORY CELL DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE - According to one embodiment of the present invention, a solid state electrolyte memory cell includes a cathode, an anode and a solid state electrolyte. The anode includes an intercalating material and first metal species dispersed in the intercalating material.08-08-2013
20130200322MEMORY ARRAYS AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME - Memory arrays and methods of forming the same are provided. One example method of forming a memory array can include forming a conductive material in a number of vias and on a substrate structure, the conductive material to serve as a number of conductive lines of the array and coupling the number of conductive lines to the array circuitry.08-08-2013
20130200325Nonvolatile Memory Device Using A Tunnel Nitride As A Current Limiter Element - Embodiments of the invention generally include a method of forming a nonvolatile memory device that contains a resistive switching memory element that has an improved device switching performance and lifetime, due to the addition of a current limiting component disposed therein. In one embodiment, the current limiting component comprises a resistive material that is configured to improve the switching performance and lifetime of the resistive switching memory element. The electrical properties of the current limiting layer are configured to lower the current flow through the variable resistance layer during the logic state programming steps (i.e., “set” and “reset” steps) by adding a fixed series resistance in the resistive switching memory element found in the nonvolatile memory device. In one embodiment, the current limiting component comprises a tunnel nitride that is a current limiting material that is disposed within a resistive switching memory element in a nonvolatile resistive switching memory device.08-08-2013
20130200326NONVOLATILE MEMORY CELL AND NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME - According to example embodiments, a nonvolatile memory cell includes a first electrode and a second electrode, a resistance change film between the first electrode and the second electrode, and a first barrier film contacting the second electrode. The resist change film contains oxygen ions and contacts the first electrode. The first barrier film is configured to reduce (and/or block) the outflow of the oxygen ions from the resistance change film.08-08-2013
20130200327Resistive Memory Arrangement and a Method of Forming the Same - According to embodiments of the present invention, a resistive memory arrangement is provided. The resistive memory arrangement includes a nanowire, and a resistive memory cell including a resistive layer including a resistive changing material, wherein at least a section of the resistive layer is arranged covering at least a portion of a surface of the nanowire, and a conductive layer arranged on at least a part of the resistive layer. According to further embodiments of the present invention, a method of forming a resistive memory arrangement is also provided.08-08-2013
20130099190NON-VOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A diode may be foamed within a molding layer on a substrate. A conductive buffer pattern having a greater planar area than the diode may be on the diode and molding layer. An electrode structure may be on the conductive buffer pattern. A data storage pattern may be on the electrode structure. One lateral surface of the conductive buffer pattern may be vertically aligned with one lateral surface of the electrode structure.04-25-2013
20120068145NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - According to one embodiment, a nonvolatile memory device includes a first interconnect, an insulating layer, a needle-like metal oxide, and a second interconnect. The insulating layer is provided on the first interconnect. The needle-like metal oxide pierces the insulating layer in a vertical direction. The second interconnect is provided on the insulating layer.03-22-2012