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Organic reactant

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252 - Compositions


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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
252182300 Reactant contains phosphorus, silicon, or sulfur atom, or contains metal-to-carbon bond 47
252182130 For subsequent solid polymer treatment or preparation; e.g., crosslinking, grafting, curing, hardening, vulcanizing, etc. 36
252182290 With stabilizer or inhibitor 24
252182310 Reactant contains phenolic, phenolic ether, or inorganic phenolate group 7
20110175022METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PREPARING MATERIALS FOR SUCRALOSE PRODUCTION - The present invention provides a method for preparing DMF for sucralose production, including, e.g., isolating DMF from a composition comprising DMF, water, and methanol, using a single-tower rectification system. In various embodiments of the present invention, the composition, after the removal of water and methanol, may be further dried/dehydrated, such as, by using a dehydration agent and/or filtration. The resulting substantially pure DMF may comprise at least about 98-99% DMF. The present invention further provides a method of preparing a composition comprising anhydrous sucrose for sucralose production, which may comprise mixing regular sucrose with a water-containing DMF composition, and drying the resulting sucrose-DMF composition. Also provided is a single-tower separation system for isolating DMF from a composition comprising DMF, water, and methanol.07-21-2011
20110198535HYDROXY- AND ALDEHYDE FUNCTIONAL COMPOUNDS - The invention relates to a method for producing a mixture containing hydroxy- and aldehyde functional compounds by a cross-metathesis reaction of at least one at least monounsaturated fatty acid or at least one at least monounsaturated fatty acid derivative with an olefinic compound having at least one hydroxy group and at least one C—C double bond, in the presence of a metathesis catalyst at a maximum temperature of 180° C.08-18-2011
20090194735Rapid Dilution of Peracid Solutions to Equilibrated Solutions - A method for the rapid dilution of an aqueous peracid solution, particularly, peracetic acid, in which a concentrated peracid solution is diluted with an aqueous diluent to produce a more dilute peracid solution in which the solution components are already at equilibrium immediately after dilution. The peracid in a preferred embodiment of this method is peracetic acid, for which the aqueous diluent is acetic acid and water, or hydrogen peroxide and water, or acetic acid, hydrogen peroxide and water, whose relative amounts are selected to produce a diluted aqueous peracid acid solution whose peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide and acetic acid components are in equilibrium immediately after dilution.08-06-2009
20100012887Method of Replacing Dispersion Medium - A method of replacing a first dispersion medium in a starting slurry composed of the first dispersion medium and a terephthalic acid crystal with a second dispersion medium. The starting slurry is tangentially fed to a vertically extending cylindrical portion of a cyclone-shaped nozzle disposed at an upper portion of a replacement tank of a dispersion medium replacement apparatus, from a tangential direction of the cylindrical portion. The fed starting slurry moves circularly along an inner wall of the cylindrical portion. The slurry circularly moving is then discharged from an opening which is disposed at a vertically lower end of the cylindrical portion and dispersed in a second dispersion medium which is fed from a lower portion of the replacement tank. The replaced slurry composed of the terephthalic acid crystal and the second dispersion medium is mainly discharged from the lower portion of the replacement tank, and the first dispersion medium is mainly withdrawn from the upper portion of the replacement tank.01-21-2010
20130032755CONTINUOUS PROCESS FOR PREPARING CHLOROHYDRINS - Continuous process for producing a chlorohydrin, wherein a polyhydroxylated aliphatic hydrocarbon, an ester of a polyhydroxylated aliphatic hydrocarbon or a mixture thereof is reacted with a chlorinating agent and an organic acid in a liquid reaction medium whose steady-state composition comprises the polyhydroxylated aliphatic hydrocarbon and esters of the polyhydroxylated aliphatic hydrocarbon whose sum content, expressed as moles of polyhydroxylated aliphatic hydrocarbon, is greater than 1.1 mol % and less than or equal to 30 mol %, the percentage being based on the organic part of the liquid reaction medium.02-07-2013
20130032754Method For Producing 3,7-Diaza-Bicyclo[3.3.1]Nonane-Metal Complex Solutions - The invention relates to a method for producing homogeneous solutions of metal complexes of general formula (2): [M02-07-2013
20100044628 CALIXARENE BISPHOSPHITE LIGAND FOR USE IN HYDROFORMYLATION PROCESSES - A calixarene bisphosphite composition for use as a ligand in a transition metal-ligand complex catalyst and in a complex catalyst precursor. The ligand is especially useful in catalysts and catalyst precursors for hydroformylation processes wherein a raffinate stream comprising a mixture of alpha, beta, and iso-olefinic isomers is hydroformylated in the presence of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, and the transition metal-ligand complex catalyst to form a mixture of linear and branched aldehyde products. The complex catalyst selectively converts the alpha and beta olefin reactants more rapidly than the iso-olefin reactant resulting in an improved molar ratio of normal (linear) to branched aldehyde products. The unconverted iso-olefinic isomer is thereafter readily separated from the aldehyde product mixture.02-25-2010
20100044627THERMOPLASTIC HETEROPOLYSACCHARIDE DERIVATIVES AND METHODS FOR MAKING SAME - Thermoplastic heteropolysaccharide derivatives, articles employing such thermoplastic heteropolysaccharide derivatives and methods for making such thermoplastic heteropolysaccharide derivatives are provided.02-25-2010
20100044626METHOD FOR PRODUCING PYRROLIDONES FROM SUCCINATES FROM FERMENTATION BROTHS - The present invention relates to a process for preparing a compound II or a composition comprising the compound II02-25-2010
20090256111DIALKYLBORANE AMINE COMPLEXES - The present invention relates to new dialkylborane amine complexes, a process for the synthesis of new dialkylborane amine complexes, solutions comprising new dialkylborane amine complexes and a method of using new dialkylborane amine complexes for organic reactions.10-15-2009
20100102272AZEOTROPE-LIKE COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING 1-CHLORO-3,3,3-TRIFLUOROPROPENE - An azeotrope-like mixture consisting essentially of chlorotrifluoropropene and at least one component selected from the group consisting of a C04-29-2010
20100102271Essential oil with citronellol and rose oxides from dracocephalum heterophyllum benth and a process thereof - This invention relates essential oil constituents citronellol and rose oxides and other constituents from a cold desert plant i.e. 04-29-2010
20090159842MODULAR LINKERS FOR CONJUGATION OF ORGANIC SUBSTANCES TO SUBSTANTIALLY INORGANIC SUBSTANCES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE AND USE THEREOF - A modular linker includes an inorganic binding entity having an affinity for a substantially inorganic substance, and an organic binding entity capable of binding with an organic substance covalently bonded thereto. The modular linker is capable of being stored in a stable condition for later use. The modular linker may be synthesized by modifying the inorganic binding entity to be covalently bonded to an organic binding entity and storing the modular linker in an inert environment from about a day up to at least 1 week. The modular linker may be conjugated to an organic substance and to a substantially inorganic substance in substantially a 1:1 ratio. The modular linker may have more than one organic binding entity covalently bonded to an inorganic binding entity or vice-versa. Also, a particular modular linker may have an organic binding entity capable of binding with a nucleic acid sequence.06-25-2009
20090159841Recovery of Optically Active Epoxy Alcohols - A process to recover optically active epoxy alcohols from asymmetric epoxidation reaction mixtures such as those produced using the Sharpless method of epoxidation of allylic alcohols. The process includes adding a reducing agent to reduce an organic hydroperoxide in the asymmetric epoxidation reaction product to a corresponding alcohol to form a reduced epoxidation reaction mixture; adding the reduced reaction product to a film evaporation unit to form a residue fraction and an optically active epoxy alcohol distillate fraction; and distilling the optically active epoxy alcohol distillate fraction to purify the optically active epoxy alcohol.06-25-2009
20100108940Ester Production - A method for performing a flying grade switch in an ester production process, which preferably is operated in semi-continuous mode, maximises plant equipment productivity while minimizing product cross-contamination. Mixed ester products of the process containing a C05-06-2010
20110006258METHOD FOR STABILIZATION OF AQUEOUS ACRYLAMIDE SOLUTION - The present invention provides a method for conveniently stabilizing an aqueous acrylamide solution using a stabilizer which can be separated and removed easily. In the method for stabilizing an aqueous acrylamide solution according to the present invention, a microbial cell is added to the aqueous acrylamide solution at a dried cell weight concentration of 1 to 14000 mg/L.01-13-2011
20100123097Method for Making Carbonates and Esters - A method for forming a monomeric carbonate includes the step of combining a monofunctional alcohol or a difunctional diol with an ester-substituted diaryl carbonate to form a reaction mixture. Similarly, a method for forming a monomeric ester includes the step of combining a monofunctional carboxylic acid or ester with an ester-substituted diaryl carbonate to form a reaction mixture. These methods further include the step of allowing the reaction mixtures to react to form a monomeric carbonate or a monomeric ester, respectively.05-20-2010
20120112127RECOVERY OF ORGANIC ACIDS - A method is disclosed for the recovery of an organic acid from a dilute salt solution in which the cation of the salt forms an insoluble carbonate salt. A tertiary amine and CO05-10-2012
20120223271Methods for Associating or Dissociating Guest Materials with a Metal Organic Framework, Systems for Associating or Dissociating Guest Materials Within a Series of Metal Organic Frameworks, Thermal Energy Transfer Assemblies, and Methods for Transferring Thermal Energy - Methods for releasing associated guest materials from a metal organic framework are provided. Methods for associating guest materials with a metal organic framework are also provided. Methods are provided for selectively associating or dissociating guest materials with a metal organic framework. Systems for associating or dissociating guest materials within a series of metal organic frameworks are provided. Thermal energy transfer assemblies are provided. Methods for transferring thermal energy are also provided.09-06-2012
20120223270METHODS OF DEPOLYMERIZING TEREPHTHALATE POLYESTERS - A method comprises forming a reaction mixture comprising a terephthalate polyester, a glycol comprising 2 to 5 carbons, and an amidine organocatalyst; and heating the reaction mixture at a temperature of about 120° C. or more to depolymerize the terephthalate polyester, thereby forming a terephthalate reaction product comprising a monomeric dihydroxy terephthalate diester; wherein the terephthalate reaction product contains terephthalate oligomers in an amount less than the amount of terephthalate oligomers that would result from i) substituting the amidine organocatalyst with an equimolar amount of a guanidine catalyst and ii) depolymerizing the terephthalate polyester under otherwise identical reaction conditions.09-06-2012
20090236562METHOD FOR TREATING AQUEOUS SLUDGE, MATERIAL SO PRODUCED AND THE USE THEREOF - The invention relates to a method for the accelerated dehydration of sludges in sludge disposal areas, especially of sludges from rivers and harbors, by the exclusive use of anionic polymer flocculants and the use of materials obtained according to the inventive method.09-24-2009
20100148116Process for Conversion of Aluminum Oxide Hydroxide - The present invention is a process for the conversion of aluminum oxide hydroxide (AlOOH) to aluminum oxide. About 30 to 70 wt-% of AlOOH, about 30 to 70 wt-% ammonium hydrogencarbonate NH06-17-2010
20110278497NANOMETAL DISPERSION AND METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME - A nanometal dispersion and a method for preparing a nanometal dispersion are provided. The method comprises mixing a metal seed crystal aqueous solution, a polysaccharide aqueous solution, and a metal compound aqueous solution, followed by allowing the resulting mixture to conduct a reduction-oxidation reaction to form a nanometal. The produced nanometal dispersion comprises a polysaccharide and a nanometal. The polysaccharide is composed of N-actyl-D-glucosamine and glucuronic acid, and the nanometal has multimorphology.11-17-2011
20110133121N-Substituted Carbamic Acid Ester Production Method, Isocyanate Production Method Using Such N-Substituted Carbamic Acid Ester, And Composition For Transfer And Storage Of N-Substituted Carbamic Acid Ester Comprising N-Substituted Carbamic Acid Ester and Aromatic Hydroxy Compound - The present invention is a method for producing an N-substituted carbamic acid ester derived from an organic amine from an organic amine, a carbonic acid derivative and a hydroxy composition containing one or more types of hydroxy compounds, wherein the organic amine, the carbonic acid derivative and the hydroxy composition are reacted using a urethane production reaction vessel provided with a condenser, a gas containing the hydroxy composition, the compound having the carbonyl group derived from the carbonic acid derivative, and an ammonia formed as a by-product in the reaction, is introduced into the condenser provided in the urethane production reaction vessel, and the hydroxy composition and the compound having the carbonyl group derived from the carbonic acid derivative are condensed, and wherein a stoichiometric ratio of a hydroxy compound contained in the condensed hydroxy composition to the condensed compound having the carbonyl group derived from the carbonic acid derivative is 1 or more, and a ratio of number of carbonyl groups (—C(═O)—) contained in the compound having the carbonyl group derived from the carbonic acid derivative and number of ammonia molecules contained in the ammonia recovered as a gas from the condenser is 1 or less.06-09-2011
20100264364METHOD OF BUILDING VISCOSITY AND VISCOELASTICITY IN SURFACTANT SOLUTIONS BY ADDING NANOPARTICLES AND COMPOSITIONS THEREOF - The invention comprises a method of enhancing viscosity and/or viscoelasticity of surfactant solution using nanoparticles. The particle allow a formulator to tailor-make a solution of defined rheology (viscosity and/or viscoelasticity) using nanoparticles to control these properties. Further, the particles allow independent control of each of the variable and further allow the variable to be controlled without use of additional surfactants, polymer and other components traditionally used for this end. The invention also comprises compositions thereof.10-21-2010
20110073805Novel compositions and methods useful for ionic liquid treatment of biomass - The present invention provides for novel compositions and methods for recycling or recovering ionic liquid used in IL pretreated cellulose and/or lignocellulosic biomass (LBM).03-31-2011
20090189115Mixtures of nanoparticles - Methods of sol-gel processing for the preparation of mixed gels and nanoparticles are described. Further, mixed gels and nanoparticles obtained by the method are also disclosed. More specifically, a process for mixture of NiO nanoparticles and Yttria stabilized Zirconia nanoparticles obtained by only one sol-gel process is described.07-30-2009
20100148117METHOD OF MAKING GLYCEROL MONOESTERS - Described is a method of producing compositions comprising a high concentration of glycerol monoesters. The method entails reacting a mixture of glycerol, a fatty acid source, and water, in the absence of catalysts, at a temperature preferably from about 180° C. to about 300° C., a pressure preferably from about 15 psig to 400 psig, and for a time sufficient to yield an acid value of preferably from about 2.0 to about 7.0 in the mixture, and a hydroxyl value preferably of from about 260 to about 460 in the mixture. The method can be used to make lipid mixtures comprising 90 wt % or more of glycerol monoesters. The method does not require molecular distillation.06-17-2010
20090072191Nor-Seco-Bis-Nor-Seco, Tris-Nor-Seco, and Higher Nor-Seco-Cucurbit[n]Uril Compounds - Nor-seco-type cucurbit[n]uril compounds and methylene bridged glycoluril oligomers are produced by reacting glycoluril and formaldehyde in strong organic or mineral acid at a temperature adequate to condense the reactants. These compounds are characterized by lacking —CH03-19-2009
20090085007OPHTHALMIC COMPOSITION FOR CONTACT LENS - Disclosed are; a method for suppressing adsorption of a refreshing agent and/or chlorobutanol by a contact lens in an aqueous ophthalmic composition for contact lens containing a refreshing agent and/or chlorobutanol, as well as for suppressing pH decline due to degradation of chlorobutanol, wherein the method comprises preparing the composition in the form of an oil-in-water type emulsion. An ophthalmic composition for contact lens in the form of an oil-in-water type emulsion containing a refreshing agent and/or chlorobutanol is also disclosed.04-02-2009
20110297877ALKOXYLATION PROCESSES AND CATALYSTS THEREFOR - A process of contacting an alkylene oxide with 2-methoxy-1-propanol (PM1) in the presence of an oligomeric Schiff base metal complex catalyst is disclosed. Further, a process involving contacting an alkylene oxide with an alkyl alcohol using an oligomeric Schiff base metal complex as a catalyst is also disclosed. Additionally, novel compositions which can be used as catalysts in processes involving the contacting of an alkyl alcohol with an alkylene oxide are also disclosed.12-08-2011
20110012056Process Of Preparation Of Glyoxylic Acid Aqueous Solution - The invention relates to a method for preparing an aqueous solution of glyoxylic acid by oxidation of an aqueous solution of glyoxal with oxygen or a gas containing oxygen, in the presence of a catalytic quantity of nitric acid and/or at least one nitrogen oxide, a strong acid not oxidizing glyoxal, and by maintaining conditions satisfying the equation K01-20-2011
20090001316SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF LIQUID PRODUCT FROM LIGHT GAS - A method for producing a product comprising at least one selected from C01-01-2009
20100032616MIXED MATERIAL WITH HIGH EXPANSION RATE FOR PRODUCING POROUS METALLIC SINTERED BODY - A mixed material having a high expansion rate for producing a porous metallic sintered body including: a conventional mixed material for producing a porous metallic sintered body which is formed of a mixture including a composition of 0.05 to 10% by mass of a non-water-soluble hydrocarbon-based organic solvent having 5 to 8 carbon atoms, 0.5 to 20% by mass of a water-soluble resin binder, and 5 to 80% by mass of a metal powder having an average particle size within a range of 0.5 to 500 μm, and water as the balance; and a gas, wherein the mixed material contains the gas so that the proportion of the gas is within a range of 2 to 50% by volume while the remainder is the conventional mixed material for producing a porous metallic sintered body.02-11-2010
20100032617Process for manufacturing epichlorohydrin - Process for manufacturing epichlorohydrin comprising the following steps: 02-11-2010
20090189116LIQUID RELEASE AGENT - A liquid release agent for application onto an edge region of a panel, which edge region is provided or to be provided with a coating by means of an adhesive or by means of a glue, includes a fluidic carrier made of alcohol, or a mixture of alcohols, or a mixture of hydrocarbons, or a mixture of solvents, and polyalkylene glycol which is admixed to the carrier.07-30-2009
20090152493Method For Preparing Cellulose-Based Film and Cellulose-Based Film - Disclosed herein is a method for preparing a cellulose-based film from raw material pulp, the method including the steps of: preparing a dope from a composition comprising 5-15 wt % of a pulp having an alpha-cellulose content of more than 90% and 85-95 wt % of an aqueous N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide solution; extruding the dope from a die onto a running support; casting the extrudate to form a sheet-shaped material; washing the cast sheet with water to remove N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide therefrom; and drying the washed sheet. The method enables the cellulose-based film to be prepared from environmentally friendly wood pulp through an environmentally friendly process.06-18-2009
20090256110AZEOTROPIC COMPOSITIONS OF 2-CHLORO-3,3,3-TRIFLUOROPROPENE (HCFC-1233xf), 2-CHLORO-1,1,1,2-TETRAFLUOROPROPANE (HCFC-244bb), AND HYDROGEN FLUORIDE (HF) - Provided are ternary azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions of 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (HCFO-1233xf), 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropane (HCFC-244bb), and hydrogen fluoride (HF). Such azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions are useful as intermediates in the production of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf).10-15-2009
20090289220Aqueous Surfactant Compositions With A Low Pour Point - Surfactant compositions which comprise (i) 10 to 90% by weight of one or more compounds selected from the group (a) to (e), and (ii) 10 to 90% by weight of water, based on the composition, are disclosed, where the compounds (a) to (e) are defined as follows: 11-26-2009
20110121227CARBON NANOTUBE FIBERS/FILAMENTS FORMULATED FROM METAL NANOPARTICLE CATALYST AND CARBON SOURCE - Disclosed is a method of: providing a mixture of a polymer or a resin and a transition metal compound, producing a fiber from the mixture, and heating the fiber under conditions effective to form a carbon nanotube-containing carbonaceous fiber. The polymer or resin is an aromatic polymer or a precursor thereof and the mixture is a neat mixture or is combined with a solvent. Also disclosed are a carbonaceous fiber or carbonaceous nanofiber sheet having at least 15 wt. % carbon nanotubes, a fiber or nanofiber sheet having the a polymer or a resin and the transition metal compound, and a fiber or nanofiber sheet having an aromatic polymer and metal nanoparticles.05-26-2011
20110198533NANOPARTICLES FROM SLIGHTLY OXIDISED CELLULOSE - The present invention provides novel nanoscale cellulose particles and also a process for their production. The cellulose-based particles obtained have volume-averaged particle sizes of less than 08-18-2011
20110198534UREA COMPOUND, SELF-ASSEMBLY OF UREA COMPOUNDS, ORGANOGEL CONTAINING SELF-ASSEMBLY, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ORGANOGEL - A urea compound of the present invention is represented by general formula (1) shown below.08-18-2011
20090283717Method for Preparing a Cellulose Carbamate Solution - A method for preparing a cellulose carbamate solution. Dissolving is performed in two steps, first by moistening cellulose carbamate pulp with a dilute alkaline solution and second by admixing a concentrated alkaline solution, as cold as possible, to the pulp under intensive stirring. The technique utilizes the low freezing point of the aqueous NaOH solution at the concentration of 18%, wherein the freezing point is below −20° C., and the intensive stirring function of the dissolve mixer device during the dosage. t is possible to prepare solutions of high quality and having high dry matter content in a mixing time of a few minutes only.11-19-2009
20090283718Method for preparing fluorinated nanodiamond liquid dispersion - The present invention herein provides a method for preparing a dispersion of fluorinated nanodiamond particles, which can be used in, for instance, an abrasive, a lubricant, and a heat-exchanging fluid medium, which is stable over a long period of time on the order of not less than 120 hours and which has a viscosity, as determined at 20° C., of not less than 3 cP. This dispersion can be prepared by blending fluorinated nanodiamond particles with a first liquid having a viscosity, as determined at 20° C., of not higher than 2.5 cP to thus form a suspension, classifying the suspension to give a classified suspension, and then blending the classified suspension with a second liquid having a viscosity value, as determined at 20° C., of not less than 4 cP.11-19-2009
20090166580METHOD FOR PRODUCING POROUS BODY COMPRISING APATITE/COLLAGEN COMPOSITE FIBERS - A method for producing a porous body comprising apatite/collagen composite fibers comprising the steps of gelling a dispersion comprising long apatite/collagen composite fibers having an average length of 10-75 mm, short apatite/collagen composite fibers having an average length of 0.05-1 mm, and a liquid; freezing and drying the resultant gel to form a porous body; and cross-linking collagen in the porous body.07-02-2009
20080277621Colorant neutralizer - A composition for a medium that can discharges organic unsaturated colorant molecules that may stain is described. The composition can quickly and effectively neutralize a discoloration that results from, in particular, blood or blood-based, ink, or grease stains. The composition can remove the stain within, typically about 20-30 minutes, and can achieve color contrast of a ΔE value of about 15-20 or greater. The composition can be adapted for different uses and embodied in various cleaning, stain-fighting, cosmetic, personal hygiene, or medical products.11-13-2008
20080265206Method for the Enzymatic Production of 5-Norbornen-2-Carboxylic Acid - The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of 5-norbornene-2-carboxylic acid from 5-norbornene-2-endo-carbonitrile and/or 5-norbornene-2-exo-carbonitrile. The invention relates in particular to a process which enables 5-norbornene-2-carboxylic acid to be prepared at a high substrate concentration. The invention furthermore relates to a polypeptide suitable for enzymatic conversion of 5-norbornene-2-carbonitrile to give 5-norbornene-2-carboxylic acid, in particular also with a high substrate concentration, and to a nucleic acid encoding said polypeptide, to a composition comprising 5-norbornene-2-carbonitrile to 5-norbornene-2-endo-carboxylic acid and 5-norbornene-2-exo-carboxylic acid, and to the use of said polypeptide.10-30-2008
200901842892-Cyanophenylboronic Acid or Ester Thereof in Which Impurities Are Decreased, and Production Method Thereof - A method for producing high-purity 2-cyanophenylboronic acid, characterized by reacting benzonitrile, lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide, and trialkoxyborane, adding an aqueous acidic solution to a reaction solution containing the obtained 2-cyanophenylboronic acid, carrying out a contact treatment at a pH of below 7 in the presence of a water-immiscible organic solvent, and then obtaining the 2-cyanophenylboronic acid from the organic layer.07-23-2009
20100200805METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING VEGETABLE OILS - The present invention provides certain improvements in methods for processing vegetable oils and apparatus for carrying out such methods. One embodiment provides a method for processing a partially processed oil including glycerides and a volatilizable impurity fraction. The partially processed oil may processed by driving off a first volatiles stream comprising a portion of the glycerides and at least a portion of the volatilizable impurity fraction, leaving a deodorized oil. The first volatiles stream may be introduced into a first condensing chamber and a glyceride-rich, impurity-poor first condensate may be condensed from the first volatiles stream, leaving a glyceride-poor, impurity-rich second volatiles stream. The second volatiles stream may be passed into a second condensing chamber and a glyceride-poor, impurity-rich second condensate may be condensed from the second volatiles stream.08-12-2010
20120068111Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Gas Distribution - Methods and apparatus for introducing a gas into the reaction zone of a reactor. Such methods and apparatus can more evenly distribute the gas throughout the reaction zone. Spargers for introducing a gas into the reaction zone of a reactor can be employed in systems and methods for carrying out the liquid-phase oxidation of an oxidizable compound, such as para-xylene.03-22-2012
20090200512Manufacture and Use of Engineered Carbide and Nitride Composites - Carbides and nitrides are provided containing a controlled amount of pre-determined diluents and methods for their manufacture and use are disclosed. The pre-determined diluents include at least one of the silica, silicon metal, carbon, alumina, boron oxide, alkaline earth oxides such as calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, alkali oxides such as sodium oxide, potassium oxide, iron oxide, titanium oxide, and other components typically present in glass, ceramics, or metals. The carbides and nitrides with pre-determined diluents are formed by optionally pyrolyzing a precursor material to form a carboneous mixture and heat treating the carboneous mixture for a pre-determined time and at an elevated temperature during which carbon and/or nitrogen reacts with silica in the mixture to form carbides and/or nitrides and controlled amounts of pre-determined diluents. The carbides and nitrides disclosed herein may be used as blowing agents in a glass, ceramic, or metal forming processes or for promoting dispersion of the carbides and nitrides throughout a glass, ceramic, or metal composite.08-13-2009
20120104313 BIOMASS PRETREATMENT PROCESS - The process for the treatment of ligno-cellulosic biomass comprises the steps of: 05-03-2012
20090242832AZEOTROPE-LIKE COMPOSITIONS OF 2-CHLORO-3,3,3-TRIFLUOROPROPENE (HCFC-1233xf) AND 2-CHLORO-1,1,1,2-TETRAFLUOROPROPANE (HCFC-244bb) - Provided are azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions of 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (HCFO-1233xf) and 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropane (HCFC-244bb). Such azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions are useful as intermediates in the production of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf).10-01-2009
20090250658Dehydroxyfluorination Agent - There is provided a novel, useful dehydroxyfluorination agent containing sulfuryl fluoride (SO10-08-2009
20120193574Method Of Controlling Crystallization - The invention provides a method of crystallising a compound comprising either: (i) providing a first confined solution comprising the compound; and adding more of the compound to and/or increasing the degree of saturation of the first confined solution, whereby to provide a resultant second confined solution that comprises more compound and/or that has a greater degree of supersaturation relative to a confined supersaturated solution of the same compound stabilised solely by being confined; or (ii) providing a first confined melt comprising the compound; and cooling and/or increasing the pressure of the first confined melt, whereby to provide a resultant second confined melt that is cooler and/or is more pressurised relative to a confined super-cooled melt of the same compound stabilised solely by being confined, whereby to effect the crystallising under confinement and under thermodynamic control.08-02-2012
20090314987PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF TRANS-2, 2-DIMETHYL-3-FORMYLCYCLOPROPANECARBOXYLIC ACID ESTER - A process for production of a trans-2,2-dimethyl-3-formylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid ester comprising: 12-24-2009
20100163792PROCESSES FOR PREPARING FERTILIZED EGG COMPONENTS - The invention relates to processes for preparing fertilized egg components using freeze-drying and/or extraction methods.07-01-2010
20090078910FUNCTIONALIZED LONG-CHAIN OLEFIN MIXTURES AND USES THEREFOR - Novel mixtures of long-chain (C10-C20) olefins are functionalized by conversion to aldehydes using an OXO process, or to sulfates, sulfonates, sulfones, sulfides, or sulfoxides by direct sulfonation. The aldehydes may then be hydrogenated to form alcohols, or aminated to form amines or amides. The olefins starting mixture may be acquired as a byproduct of the tetramerization of ethylene in the presence of certain chromium-containing tetramerization catalysts. The functionalized mixtures, and derivatives prepared therefrom such as alkoxylates prepared from the alcohols, may be useful as surfactants that may offer improved performance in many applications, while their preparation based on a byproduct mixture reduces their cost and also reduces waste-handling issues for this non-targeted stream.03-26-2009
20090078909Method for storing hydrogen - An object is to provide a method for storing hydrogen that allows hydrogen to be easily stored and easily released, and the method comprises cooling a liquid mixture of a carbon compound capable of forming a molecular compound and a protic polar solvent while bringing hydrogen into contact with the liquid mixture, to form thereby a solid substance having hydrogen enclosed therein; as a result, the carbon compound capable of forming a molecular compound becomes caged in a clathrate that does not readily enclose hydrogen, unless under ultrahigh pressure; the carbon compound forms a molecular compound with the hydrogen, while a clathrate capable of enclosing the hydrogen therein under high-pressure conditions also forms a hydrogen clathrate, thereby allowing to increase hydrogen storage density; and the hydrogen can be stored thus by maintaining the state of the solid substance, and can be easily extracted by simply dissolving the solid substance in water.03-26-2009
20100213409NOVEL SURFACTANTS WITH A POLYETHERSULFONATE STRUCTURE METHOD FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF AND USE THEREOF FOR TERTIARY CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION - Surfactants with polyether sulfonate structure, which have a propanonylsulfonic acid group as a head group, a process for preparing such surfactants and their use for tertiary mineral oil extraction.08-26-2010
20100213408Use of Pyroglutamic Acid Esters as Gas Hydrate Inhibitors With Improved Biodegradability - The invention relates the use of pyroglutamic acid esters, which can be produced by esterifying alcohols having from 1 to 100 hydroxyl groups with pyroglutamic acid and/or glutamic acid, with the provision that the alcohol has no more than one ester group or no more than 100 carboxylic acid group, in quantities of from 0.01 to 2% by weight for preventing the formation of gas hydrates in aqueous phases that are connected to a gaseous, liquid or solid organic phase.08-26-2010
20100237279AZEOTROPE-LIKE COMPOSITIONS OF PENTAFLUOROPROPANE, CHLOROTRIFLUOROPROPENE, AND HYDROGEN FLUORIDE - The invention is directed to a ternary azeotrope-like mixture consisting essentially of effective amounts of 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, 1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene, and hydrogen fluoride.09-23-2010
20090250659STERICALLY HINDERED N-METHYL SECONDARY AND TERTIARY AMINE SULFUR SCAVENGERS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING SAME - An new class of oil-soluble, sulfur scavengers or converts are disclosed where the scavengers include substantially monomeric aldehyde-amine adducts from the reaction of at least one sterically hindered primary or secondary amine and a molar excess of at least one aldehyde. Methods are also disclosed for reducing, reducing below a given level or eliminating noxious sulfur species from fluids using the inventive scavengers and for making the inventive scavengers.10-08-2009
20110057147SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ISOPHTHALIC ACID AND TEREPHTHALIC ACID - Various embodiments of the present invention generally disclose systems and processes for the conversion of a feed stream comprising at least one C8 aromatic into a product stream comprising isophthalic acid and purified terephthalic acid (IPA/TA).03-10-2011
20090321679NOVEL PORE-FORMING PRECURSORS AND POROUS DIELECTRIC LAYERS OBTAINED THEREFROM - The invention relates to porous dielectric layers obtained from pore-forming precursors and from matrix precursors. According to the invention, the pore-forming precursors used are chosen form molecules of myrtenol, ethyl chrysanthemumate, jasmine, trimethylbenzene, their positional isomers and their substituted or hydrogenated derivatives. The dielectric constant of the layer obtained is less than or equal to 2.5, starting from matrix precursors having a dielectric constant of less than or equal to 4.12-31-2009
20100294986SUPERCRITICAL FLUID FACILITATED PARTICLE FORMATION IN MICROFLUIDIC SYSTEMS - The use of supercritical fluids in the production of particles in microfluidic systems is generally described. Small particles with narrow particle size distributions are useful in a wide range of applications. Submicron and micron-sized organic particles may exhibit enhanced properties such as, for example, increased dissolution rates, enhanced pharmaceutical efficacy, and ease of suspension in a carrier medium. Small organic particles may be particularly useful in drug delivery, exhibiting enhanced performance as inhalation aerosols, injectable suspensions, controlled release dosage drugs, transdermally delivered drugs, and the like.11-25-2010
20110127464NANOPARTICLE COMPOSITION AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME - A method of fabricating copper nanoparticles includes heating a copper salt solution that includes a copper salt, an N,N-dialkylethylenediamine, and a C6-C18 alkylamine in an organic solvent to a temperature between about 30° C. to about 50° C.; heating a reducing agent solution that includes a reducing agent, an N,N-dialkylethylenediamine, and a C6-C18 alkylamine in an organic solvent to a temperature between about 30° C. to about 50° C.; and adding the heated copper salt solution to the heated reducing agent solution, thereby producing copper nanoparticles. A composition includes copper nanoparticles, a C6-C18 alkylamine and an N,N′-dialkylethylenediamine ligand. Such copper nanoparticles in this composition have a fusion temperature between about 100° C. to about 200° C. A surfactant system for the stabilizing copper nanoparticles includes an N,N′-dialkylethylenediamine and a C6-C18 alkylamine.06-02-2011
20100230635Glycerol Vaporization Method - The subject matter of the present invention relates to a vaporization method of aqueous glycerol solutions in a fluidized bed containing an inert solid. The invention provides a method for vaporizing, in a single step, an aqueous glycerol solution and simultaneously eliminating the impurities present in this solution or generated during the evaporation.09-16-2010
20100230634METHOD FOR PRODUCING BIPHENYL DERIVATIVE - A method produces a biphenyl derivative, with an industrially high yield and excellent productivity, by use of a raw material which is low in cost and toxicity. The method for producing the biphenyl derivative represented by Formula (1) is characterized in that a chlorine atom in a benzene derivative represented by Formula (2) reacts with magnesium metal to convert the benzene derivative into a Grignard reagent, and then the Grignard reagent is subjected to a coupling reaction in the presence of a catalyst and a dichloropropane:09-16-2010
20110108763CATALYST SYSTEMS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ACIDS - Various embodiments of the invention herein described generally relate to novel processes for the production of aromatic acids by fixed bed catalytic oxidation of aromatic compounds carrying at least one oxidizable substituent group attached directly to the carbon atom of the corresponding aromatic nucleus. In an embodiment, a novel oxidation process of the present invention comprises the steps of: a) catalytically oxidizing, with an oxidation catalyst, a liquid phase aromatic acid precursor in the presence of a gaseous oxygen source; b) separating a finished product; c) purging the solvent and the oxidation catalyst; d) optionally recycling at least a portion of the solvent into the oxidation reactor; e) recovering at least a portion of the oxidation catalyst; f) recharging the at least a portion of the oxidation catalyst over a solid recharging catalyst bed; and (g) feeding a reactivated oxidation catalyst to the oxidation reactor.05-12-2011
20110114876BIOMASS PRETREATMENT PROCESS - A process is disclosed for pretreating lignocellulosic biomass. The process comprises swelling the lignocellulosic biomass with an aqueous liquid. The pretreated lignocellulosic biomass may be used as a feedstock for the enzymatic conversion to ethanol, or in a thermal conversion process to produce bio-oil. The pretreatment results in a greater yield and, in the case of a thermal conversion process, a better quality of the bio-oil.05-19-2011
20110108762PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ALKYLENE CARBONATE - The invention relates to a process for the production of an alkylene carbonate by the reaction of an alkylene oxide with carbon dioxide in the presence of a phosphonium catalyst in which process (a) the alkylene oxide, carbon dioxide and phosphonium catalyst are continuously introduced into a reaction zone from which a product stream containing alkylene carbonate and phosphonium catalyst is withdrawn; (b) alkylene carbonate and a stream containing phosphoniura catalyst are separated from the product stream; (c) the alkylene carbonate, separated in step (b), is recovered as product; and (d) the stream containing phosphoniura catalyst, separated in step (b), is recycled to the reaction zone, in which process a treatment of alkylene carbonate and/or catalyst with a sorption agent comprising carbon is carried out.05-12-2011
20110001085METHOD FOR PRODUCING COMPLEX OF METALLIC NANOPARTICLE AND INORGANIC CLAY AND ETHANOLAMINE PROMOTER - A method for producing a complex of metallic nanoparticles and inorganic clay and an organic promoter, wherein the organic promoter is ethanolamine, for example, monoethanolamine (MEA), diethanolamine (DEA) or triethanolamine (TEA). The metallic nanoparticles produced by this method can be stably and uniformly dispersed without adding other reducing agent or dispersant.01-06-2011
20110108761METHODS OF MAKING SELF-STEAMING COMPOSITIONS AND ARTICLES COMPRISING SUCH COMPOSITIONS - A method of making a self-steaming composition is provided, said method comprising mixing a fuel component, a water manager component, and water, wherein the fuel component comprises carbon and wherein the method comprises prewetting the carbon prior to mixing the carbon with the water manager component.05-12-2011
20110240914FOAM CONTROL COMPOSITIONS - Disclosed is a method for inhibiting the formation of foam in aqueous systems by adding foam control composition including a polyoxethylene and/or a polyoxypropylene nonionic fatty acid derivative and a quaternary ammonium surfactant.10-06-2011
20090032768WATER-SOLUBLE PHENYLENEDIAMINE COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR STABILIZING ETHYLENICALLY UNSATURATED COMPOUNDS AND MONOMERS - Compositions and methods for inhibiting polymerization of ethylenically unsaturated monomers are provided. The compositions include a water-soluble phenylenediamine composition.02-05-2009
20110210289AZEOTROPIC COMPOSITIONS OF 2-CHLORO-3,3,3-TRIFLUOROPROPENE (HCFC-1233XF), 2-CHLORO-1,1,1,2-TETRAFLUOROPROPANE (HCFC-244BB), AND HYDROGEN FLUORIDE (HF) - Provided are ternary azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions of 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene (HCFO-1233xf), 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropane (HCFC-244bb), and hydrogen fluoride (HF). Such azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions are useful as intermediates in the production of 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf).09-01-2011
20100032615METAL NANOPARTICLE DISPERSION - Provided is a metal nanoparticle dispersion capable of suppressing spreadability at a room temperature and drying phenomenon at heating temperature. The metal nanoparticle dispersion includes metal particles; and an organic solvent having a viscosity of 10 mPa·s or more at a room temperature and a flash point of 100° C. or above.02-11-2010
20110248213Defoaming Agents and Articles and Methods Using Same - Disclosed are low VOC defoaming agents comprising at least one active defoaming compound or combination of defoaming compounds, and a liquid carrier comprising one or more organic compounds having a viscosity of less than about 100 centistokes (cSt) at 40° C. as measured by ASTM D445, having a VOC content as measured by ASTM method D3960 “Standard Practice for Determining Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Paints and Related Coatings” of not greater than about 1% by weight.10-13-2011
20120119139PROCESS FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF HALOCARBONS AND SELECTED COMPOUNDS AND AZEOTROPES WITH HF - A liquid phase process is disclosed for producing halogenated alkane adducts of the formula CAR05-17-2012
20110147650Compositions Produced From Plasticiser Esters - Compositions including a C06-23-2011
20110175023METHOD OF CHLORINATING POLYSACCHARIDES OR OLIGOSACCHARIDES - A process for chlorinating polysaccharides or oligosaccharides, which comprises 07-21-2011
20110147649Novel diamino-alcohol compounds, their manufacture and use in high solids mineral slurries - A new class of compounds, namely diamino alcohols, is described, along with a process for their production and their use as rheology modifiers in high solids mineral slurries, such as, kaolin clay slurries.06-23-2011
20080245995Improved Process for the Production of Derivatives of Saturated Carboxylic Acids - A process for the production of carboxylic acids and their derivatives comprising the steps of: (c) reacting a derivative of an unsaturated fatty acid with an oxidizing compound in the presence of a catalyst capable of catalysing the reaction of oxidation of the double olefinic bond of the derivative of the unsaturated fatty acid so as to obtain as intermediate product of reaction a vicinal diol; and (d) reacting said intermediate compound with oxygen, or a compound containing oxygen, in the presence of a catalyst capable of catalysing the reaction of oxidation of the hydroxyl groups of the vicinal diol to carboxylic groups, characterized in that both of the steps (a) and (b) are carried out in the absence of added organic solvent and in that the water/diol ratio in the reaction of step (b) is less than 1:1.10-09-2008
20120241669Solvent Spun Bamboo Fiber with High Wet Modulus and Producing Method Thereof - A solvent spun bamboo fiber with a high wet modulus and a producing method thereof are disclosed. The producing method includes: activating by adding a bamboo pulp into de-ionized water, adjusting the pH value, adding cellulase and adjusting the pH value by adding alkali; squeezing by vacuum dehydration; pre-dissolving by adding an aqueous solution containing 50-88% by mass of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide; then dissolving by putting the above pre-dissolved mixture into a dissolver, heating, vacuumizing, dehydrating, dissolving, homogenizing and defoaming; spinning by spraying through a spinneret and forming a bamboo fiber by dry-wet spinning; water washing; bleaching; oiling; and drying. The present method is simple to operate, free of industrial pollution, low energy consuming, and highly safe. The bamboo fiber produced by the present method not only keeps the natural physical and chemical properties of bamboo fiber, but also has a high wet modulus without harmful chemical residues.09-27-2012
20110163263PEARLESCENT COMPOSITION MANUFACTURING METHOD - A method for producing a pearly luster composition containing a fatty acid glycol ester, a surfactant, and water, and further containing as a crystallization additive any one selected from the group consisting of (1) a fatty acid, (2) an aliphatic alcohol, (3) a fatty acid monoglyceride, and (4) an aliphatic ether, the method including the step of cooling a molten mixture solution containing the fatty acid glycol ester, the surfactant, water, and the crystallization additive, wherein a representative heat-removal rate per unit mass during crystallization in the cooling step is from 9 to 36 [W/kg]. The pearly luster composition obtained by the method of the present invention can be suitably used for shampoos, conditioners, body shampoos, liquid detergents, and the like.07-07-2011
20120199786METHOD FOR MAKING AN EPOXIDE - A mixture of compounds containing 1,3-dichloropropan-2-ol, 2,3-dichloropropan-1-ol, and a halogenated ketone, where the halogenated ketone content of the mixture is at least 0.0001% by weight and less than or equal to 0.1% by weight relative to the 1,3-dichloropropan-2-ol and 2,3-dichloropropan-1-ol.08-09-2012
20110133122AROMATIC POLYESTERS, POLYOL BLENDS COMPRISING THE SAME AND RESULTANT PRODUCTS THEREFROM - The present invention discloses low viscosity aromatic polyester polyols suitable for blending with other polyols or other materials mutually compatible with the polyester polyols to achieve polyurethane and polyisocyanurate products. In particular the present invention discloses polyester polyols comprising the reaction of: A) an aromatic component comprising at 80 mole percent or greater of terephthalic acid; B) polyethylene glycol having a molecular weight from 150 to 1000; and C) a glycol different from the glycol of B); wherein A, B, and C are present in the reaction on a percent weight bases of 20 to 60 weight percent A); 40 to 75 weight percent of B); and 0 to 40 weight percent of C).06-09-2011
20110133120Plant oil extraction - The invention provides for plant oil extraction. It is emphasized that this abstract is provided to comply with the rules requiring an abstract that will allow a searcher or other reader to quickly ascertain the subject matter of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims.06-09-2011
20100200806SACCHARIFYING BIOMASS - Biomass feedstocks (e.g., plant biomass, animal biomass, and municipal waste biomass) are processed to produce useful products, such as fuels. For example, systems are described that can convert feedstock materials to a sugar solution, which can then be fermented to produce ethanol.08-12-2010
20110260102PREPARATION AND REPEATED REGENERATION OF MATERIAL CONTAINING AMORPHOUS IRON OXIDE HYDROXIDE, DESULFURIZATION AGENTS CONTAINING THE MATERIAL, AND PREPARATION AND REPEATED REGENERATION THEREOF - Method for preparing material containing amorphous iron oxide hydroxide, the method including: mixing an aqueous ferrous salt solution and hydroxide solution or solid hydroxides at the temperature of below 70° C., filtering the reaction solution, washing the filter cake, preparing suspension solution of the filter cake, blowing an oxygen-containing gas into the suspension solution to oxidize the ferrous iron, and then filtering and drying. The material after being used as desulfurization agent can be repeatedly regenerated through oxidation in an oxygen-containing gas. A desulfurization agent, and methods for preparation and repeated regeneration thereof. The desulfurization agent contains the material and organic binders, and may also include a small amount of additives. The organic binders are selected from sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, sesbania powder, and cellulose powder, and the additives are selected from sawdust, rice husk power, and bran.10-27-2011
20110260101SURFACTANT MIXTURE COMPRISING BRANCHED SHORT-CHAIN AND BRANCHED LONG-CHAIN COMPONENTS - The present invention relates to a surfactant mixture comprising 10-27-2011
20110095225SYSTEMS, APPARATUSES, AND METHODS FOR EXTRACTING NON-POLAR LIPIDS FROM AN AQUEOUS ALGAE SLURRY AND LIPIDS PRODUCED THEREFROM - Methods, systems, and apparatuses for extracting non-polar lipids from microalgae are achieved using a lipid extraction device having an anode and a cathode that forms a channel and defines a fluid flow path through which an aqueous slurry is passed. An electromotive force is applied across the channel at a gap distance in a range from 0.5 mm to 200 mm to cause the non-polar lipids to be released from the algae cells. The non-polar lipids can be extracted at a high throughput rate and with low concentrations of polar lipids such as phospholipids and chlorophyll.04-28-2011
20130009092APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TREATMENT OF VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN AIR EMISSIONS PRODUCED DURING FERMENTATION PROCESSES - A method of reducing volatile organic compounds produced during a fermentation process includes (a) producing a volatile organic compound during a fermentation process, (b) generating ClO01-10-2013
20100084602PYROLYSIS PROCESS FOR WASTE AND OLD RUBBER - This invention is about a cracking technology of waste rubber, and the content of this technology is as following: the rubber mass with the catalyst were added in the cracking chamber and the cracking process of the raw material is finished. The main contents and weight percentage of catalyzer are as following: the aluminosilicate is from 35 to 50, the active alumina is from 15 to 30, the zinc oxide is from 10 to 20, the active argil is from 5 to 15, the kaoline is from 5 to 15, the weight ratio of catalyst and rubber is 2-7:1000; The cracking temperature is from 350 to 450° C. The rubber mass crack comparative downright in low temperature by using this combinatorial catalyst, that's because the temperature is controlled between 350 and 450° C., which commendably control the cracking process of the carbon chain of rubber. Moreover, more low carbon chain products can be gained for the symmetrical cracking. Therefore, the emerging ratio of the oil will become higher, the exhaust gas emission will become lower and the eligible emission will really come ture.04-08-2010
20090184290Precursor composition, method for manufacturing precursor composition, method for manufacturing ferroelectric film, piezoelectric element, semiconductor device, piezoelectric actuator, ink jet recording head, and ink jet printer - To provide precursor compositions for forming ferroelectric, methods for manufacturing precursor compositions, and methods for forming ferroelectric films using precursor compositions, which have excellent composition controllability in a liquid phase method, and in which metal compositions such as lead can be reused. A precursor composition pertains to a precursor composition including a precursor for forming a ferroelectric, wherein the ferroelectric is expressed by a general formula of AB07-23-2009
20100019195METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PREPARING MATERIALS FOR SUCRALOSE PRODUCTION - The present invention provides a method for preparing DMF for sucralose production, including, e.g., isolating DMF from a composition comprising DMF, water, and methanol, using a single-tower rectification system. In various embodiments of the present invention, the composition, after the removal of water and methanol, may be further dried/dehydrated, such as, by using a dehydration agent and/or filtration. The resulting substantially pure DMF may comprise at least about 98-99% DMF. The present invention further provides a method of preparing a composition comprising anhydrous sucrose for sucralose production, which may comprise mixing regular sucrose with a water-containing DMF composition, and drying the resulting sucrose-DMF composition. Also provided is a single-tower separation system for isolating DMF from a composition comprising DMF, water, and methanol.01-28-2010
20110031438METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR OBTAINING HIGH-RESOLUTION CRYSTALS OF MEMBRANE PROTEINS - The invention describes compositions and method useful for the crystallization of membrane proteins.02-10-2011
20090200511Alkyl Lactyllactates and Processes of Making the Same - Provided are alkyl lactyllactate compositions that can be prepared from (1) lactide or alternatively lactic acid, and (2) a hydroxyl containing compound such as an alcohol, preferably a fatty alcohol or an alkoxylated alcohol, with (3) an acid catalyst. Preferably, the fatty alcohol contains from about 6 to 18 carbon atoms, such as lauryl alcohol. The alkyl lactyllactates can be used as surfactants, emulsifiers, skin feel agents, film formers, thickeners, rheological modifiers, etc., for personal care and other application areas. Compositions containing at least one alkyl lactyllactate are also provided. The compositions can further contain at least one surfactant.08-13-2009
20090236561EXTRACTION LIQUID FOR EXTRACTING SUGAR-CONTAINING PLANT RAW MATERIALS - The invention relates to an extraction liquid for extracting a product including sugar from sugar-containing plant raw materials. The extraction liquid includes a fatty acid compound in an amount of 0.1 to 100 mg/l. The fatty acid compound could be myristic acid, soaps of myristic acid, aldehydes of myristic acid, and/or alcohols of myristic acid. The extraction liquid may additionally include admixed natural, food-compatible resins. The resins could be colophony or other food compatible resins.09-24-2009
20110114878Plasmid DNA Isolation - The invention provides apparatus, reagents, and methods for rapidly isolating plasmid DNA from a bacterial alkaline lysate.05-19-2011
20110114877Plasmid DNA Isolation - The invention provides apparatus, reagents, and methods for rapidly isolating plasmid DNA from a bacterial alkaline lysate.05-19-2011
20100163793Heterogeneous catalysts for transesterification of triglycerides and preparation methods of same - This invention belongs to the field of catalysts for the transesterification of triglycerides, for the production of fatty acid glycerin and esters. This invention describes preparatory methods using solid catalysts and the formulation of these catalysts for the production of fatty acid esters, glycerin, and specifically, biodiesel through the heterogeneous transesterification reaction of triglycerides present in vegetable oils and fats, like soy, cotton seed, canola, castor, peanut oils and animal fat. The solid catalysts of this invention are sufficiently magnetic to use in the production of biodiesel from vegetable oils and fats, not only because they work in a similar fashion as state of the art catalysts, but also because of the low cost of the raw materials used in its production. The invention even describes the composition obtained by using the catalysts, in which the purity of the products, such as biodiesel and glycerin is greater than 96.5%.07-01-2010
20100187472RECOVERY OF ORGANIC ACIDS - A method is disclosed for the recovery of an organic acid from a dilute salt solution in which the cation of the salt forms an insoluble carbonate salt. A tertiary amine and CO07-29-2010
20120305836METHODS AND CATALYSTS FOR DEOXYGENATING BIOMASS-DERIVED PYROLYSIS OIL - Embodiments of methods and catalysts for deoxygenating a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil are provided. The method comprises the step of contacting the biomass-derived pyrolysis oil with a first deoxygenating catalyst in the presence of hydrogen at first predetermined hydroprocessing conditions to form a first low-oxygen biomass-derived pyrolysis oil effluent. The first deoxygenating catalyst comprises a neutral catalyst support, nickel, cobalt, and molybdenum. The first deoxygenating catalyst comprises nickel in an amount calculated as an oxide of from about 0.1 to about 1.5 wt. %.12-06-2012
20110155950PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF 4-BROMOPHENYL DERIVATIVES - Disclosed is a process for the preparation of a mixture of 4-bromophenyl derivatives (compound of formula (2)) and 2,4-dibromophenyl derivatives (compound of formula (3)) comprising the steps of [1] reacting in a two-phase (liquid-liquid) system a bromide containing source with a phenyl derivative (formula (1)) in the presence of an excess of an oxidizing agent, an acid, and optionally a catalyst selected from vanadium pentoxide and ammonium heptamolybdate forming 4-bromo- (compound of formula (2)) and 2,4-dibromo derivatives (compound of formula (3)) and as intermediate product the 2-bromo derivative (compound of formula (4)) which reacts in step [2] to the 2,4-dibromo derivative (formula (3)) according to the following reaction scheme 2 wherein R06-30-2011
20090230350Cyclopropene complex compositions - There is provided a composition comprising 09-17-2009
20090272941Enriched Terephthalic Acid Composition - A process is provided for producing an enriched carboxylic acid compositions produced by contacting composition comprising a carboxylic acid with an enrichment feed in an enrichment zone to form an enriched carboxylic acid composition. This invention also relates to a process and the resulting compositions for removing catalyst from a carboxylic acid composition to produce a post catalyst removal composition.11-05-2009
20110084231Method and process of producing short chain fatty acids from waste stream containing phenolic lignin model compounds by controlled photocatalytic oxidation with titanium dioxide nanocatalyst in the presence of ultraviolet radiation - A method of producing short chain carbon compounds from effluents that are rich in lignin-model compounds. The method is characterized by controlled photocatalytic degradation of lignin model compounds so as to produce short chain carbon compounds. The present invention provides converting recalcitrant and toxic organic compounds into chemicals which are of commercial value.04-14-2011
20120153221Real Time Monitoring and Control of Protein Production Processes Using Impedance Spectroscopy - Methods and systems for monitoring and/or controlling protein separation, purification, extraction, and/or fractionation processes are provided. The impedance of a protein mixture undergoing a protein process is measured and compared to a target reference impedance value or range of reference impedance values. If the measured impedance is not within an acceptable deviation of the target reference impedance value, a parameter of the protein mixture or process is adjusted.06-21-2012
20100096585Process for Preparing 2,6-Dichloro-4-(Trifluoromethyl)Phenylhydrazine Using Mixtures of Dichloro-Fluoro-Trifluoromethylbenzenes - This invention relates to a process for preparing 2,6-dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenylhydrazine of the formula (I) wherein a mixture comprising 1,3-dichloro-2-fluoro-5-trifluoromethylbenzene and 1,2-dichloro-3-fluoro-5-trifluoromethylbenzene is reacted with a hydrazine source selected from hydrazine, hydrazine hydrate or acid addition salts of hydrazine, optionally in the presence of at least one organic solvent.04-22-2010
20110089370Lipophilic Preparations - Disclosed are novel lipophilic preparations comprising (a) from 20 to 40% by weight of myristic acid or esters thereof, (b) from 20 to 40% by weight of palmitic acid or esters thereof, (c) from 0.1 to 5% by weight of aliphatic and/or cycloaliphatic hydrocarbons and (d) less than 20% by weight of carboxylic acids or esters thereof having 12 and fewer carbons in the acyl moiety and (e) less than 20% by weight of carboxylic acids or esters thereof having 16 and more carbons in the acyl moiety, with the proviso that all percentages add up to 100% by weight.04-21-2011
20100288971FLUOROALKYL ALCOHOL MIXTURE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Disclosed is a mixture of fluoroalkyl alcohols represented by the general formulae: CF11-18-2010
20120248370PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS OF METHYLGLYCINE-N,N-DIACETIC ACID TRIALKALI METAL SALTS - A process for preparing an aqueous solution of a methylglycine-N,N-diacetic acid trialkali metal salt at a high yield and purity by Strecker synthesis, the process including: reacting an aqueous solution containing α-alanine with formaldehyde and hydrocyanic acid, to obtain α-alanine-N,N-diacetonitrile in one reaction unit; and saponification of the α-alanine-N,N-diacetonitrile with a base, to obtain the methylglycine-N,N-diacetic acid trialkali metal salt, wherein the α-alanine is partially neutralized and the addition of formaldehyde and hydrocyanic acid are controlled such that a concentration of free hydrocyanic acid in the liquid reaction mixture at any time is limited such that secondary reactions that produce formaldehyde cyanohydrin, consecutive reactions of formaldehyde cyanohydrin, and the polymerization of hydrocyanic acid, only occur insofar as the specification requirements, such as nitrilotriacetic acid content and color, for methylglycine-N,N-diacetic acid trialkali metal salts are observed.10-04-2012
20100207060COMBINATION OF ADDITIVES FOR USE IN PREPARATION OF THERMOPLASTICS - Combination of additives suitable for use in production or preparation of thermoplastics comprising at least one metal comprising compound i) and at least one compound ii) chosen among not sterically hindered, aliphatic amines, oligoamines or polyamines, or a precursor for not sterically hindered, aliphatic amines, oligoamines or polyamines, alternatively also a compound which wholly or partially can be manufactured by condensation of one or more alcohols and/or compounds which can be manufactured by ring-opening addition of epoxide type compounds. Furthermore the invention concerns a method for changing properties of thermoplastics using such a combination as well as the resulting thermoplastics and products based on such thermoplastics.08-19-2010
20120132851MAT OF MINERAL FIBERS INCLUDING AN AGENT CAPABLE OF TRAPPING FORMALDEHYDE AND MANUFACTURING PROCESSES - The present invention relates to a mat of mineral fibers which comprises an agent capable of trapping formaldehyde present in particular in dwellings or offices and transportation vehicles.05-31-2012
20110180751AEROPOLYSACCHARIDES, COMPOSITES AND PREPARATION THEREOF - This invention is directed to polysaccharide based aerogels, related to herein as aeropolysaccharides (aerocellulose) and reinforced aeropolysaccharides, and preparation thereof by an environmentally friendly process.07-28-2011
20120211697Oil Extraction Device For Use At Home And Method Of Use - The present invention is an oil extraction device comprising a housing; a first trough resting within an upper portion of said housing, where said first trough holds a solvent; a heat source within said housing, where said heat source heats said first trough; a control device mounted within said housing, where said control device controls said heat source; a reservoir attached to said upper portion of said housing; a strainer basket positioned within said reservoir, where said strainer basket holds an extraction substance; a filter fitted within said strainer basket below said extraction substance; a second filter positioned above said extraction substance; a condenser positioned above said housing; a second trough positioned at a bottom portion of said condenser; and a set of flanges extruding from said condenser, where said set of flanges enable said condenser to cool and condense solvent vapor when operating said oil extraction device.08-23-2012
20090057608ALKOXYLATE COMPOSITION AND A PROCESS FOR PREPARING THE SAME - A process for the preparation of an alkoxylate composition, said process comprising the steps of: (a) introducing into a reactor system one or more compounds with one or more active hydrogen atoms, selected from the group comprising alkanoic acids, alkanoic amides, alkanoic ethanolamides, alcohols and alkylmercaptans, and a double metal cyanide catalyst; (b) contacting the one or more compounds with one or more active hydrogen atoms and the double metal cyanide catalyst with propylene oxide and/or butylene oxide to form a first product mixture comprising double metal cyanide catalyst and compounds formed by the addition of one of more propylene oxide and/or butylene oxide units to the one or more compounds with one or more active hydrogen atoms; and (c) contacting the first product mixture with ethylene oxide to form a second product mixture comprising compounds formed by the addition of one of more ethylene oxide units to the compounds formed in step (b).03-05-2009
20090294726ORGANIC SILICON OXIDE FINE PARTICLES AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF, POROUS FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION, POROUS FILM AND FORMATION METHOD THEREOF, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - Provided are organic silicon oxide fine particles which can be formed into a porous film having a dielectric constant and mechanical strength expected as a high-performance porous insulating film and having excellent chemical stability, and a preparation method thereof. Described specifically, provided are an organic silicon oxide fine particle comprising a core containing at least an inorganic silicon oxide or an organic silicon oxide and a shell containing at least an organic silicon oxide and being formed around the core by using shell-forming hydrolyzable silane in the presence of a basic catalyst; wherein of silicon atoms constituting the core or the shell, a ratio (T/Q) of a number (T) of silicon atoms having at least one bond directly attached to a carbon atom to a number (Q) of silicon atoms having all of four bonds attached to an oxygen atom is greater in the shell than in the core; and wherein the shell-forming hydrolyzable silane comprise at least a hydrolyzable silane compound having two or more hydrolyzable-group-having silicon atoms bound to each other via a carbon chain or via a carbon chain containing one silicon atom between some carbon atoms.12-03-2009
20100038585PEARLESCENT COMPOSITION - A pearly luster composition containing a fatty acid glycol ester and water, and further containing any one selected from the group consisting of (1) a polyoxyalkylene nonionic surfactant and a fatty acid contained in an amount of from 0.3 to 3% by weight of the pearly luster composition, (2) a polyoxyalkylene nonionic surfactant and an aliphatic alcohol contained in an amount of from 0.3 to 3% by weight of the pearly luster composition, (3) a fatty acid monoglyceride contained in an amount of from 0.3 to 3% by weight of the pearly luster composition, and (4) an aliphatic ether contained in an amount of from 0.3 to 3% by weight of the pearly luster composition, as a crystallization additive. The pearly luster composition of the present invention is suitably used for shampoos, conditioners, body shampoos, liquid detergents, and the like.02-18-2010
20120313034Processes and Systems for Demethanization of Brominated Hydrocarbons - Process and systems for converting lower molecular weight alkanes to higher molecular weight hydrocarbons that include demethanization of brominated hydrocarbons, wherein the brominated hydrocarbons are formed by reaction of the lower molecular weight alkanes with bromine.12-13-2012
20100148118Method to control the dispersibility and barrier properties of dried nanocrystalline cellulose in solutions of different pH and ionic strength - A new method to control the dispersibility of dried nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) by controlling solution pH and ionic strength is provided; when stable, non-reswellable acid-form NCC (H-NCC) films are placed in concentrated sodium hydroxide solutions, they swell but do not disperse; while sodium-form NCC (Na-NCC) or other NCC films having neutral monovalent counterions readily disperse in pure water, Na-NCC films placed in hydrochloric acid and sodium chloride as well as sodium hydroxide solutions of sufficient ionic strength swell, but do not disperse; similar properties are observed for freeze-dried NCC products. The dispersibility of these NCC films is a function of the ionic strength and the identity of the electrolyte solutions to which they are exposed. NCC films are envisaged that have barrier properties in an electrolyte solution but that disintegrate or disperse when rinsed with pure water at the end of their useful lifespan.06-17-2010
20110037020Highly Aromatic Compounds and Polymers as Precursors to Carbon Nanotube and Metal Nanoparticle Compositions in Shaped Solids - A method of making metal nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes is disclosed. A mixture of a transition metal compound and an aromatic polymer, a precursor of an aromatic polymer, or an aromatic monomer is heated to form a metal nanoparticle composition, optionally containing carbon nanotubes.02-17-2011
201202675671,2,3,3,3-PENTAFLUROPROPENE PRODUCTION PROCESSES - A process is disclosed for making CF10-25-2012
20110226988CHEMICAL PROCESSES AND REACTORS FOR EFFICIENTLY PRODUCING HYDROGEN FUELS AND STRUCTURAL MATERIALS, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Chemical processes and reactors for efficiently producing hydrogen fuels and structural materials and associated systems and methods. A representative process includes dissociating a hydrogen donor into dissociation products by adding energy to the hydrogen donor, wherein the energy includes waste heat generated by a process other than dissociating the hydrogen donor. The process can further include providing, from the dissociation products, a structural building block and/or a hydrogen-based fuel, with the structural building block based on carbon, nitrogen, boron, silicon, sulfur, and/or a transition metal.09-22-2011
20120280175Apparatus and Method for Converting Biomass to Feedstock for Biofuel and Biochemical Manufacturing Processes - Improved systems and methods for producing feedstock for biofuel and biochemical manufacturing processes are disclosed. Some systems and methods use components that are capable of transferring relatively high concentrations of solid biomass. Some systems and methods recycle a deconstruction catalyst.11-08-2012
20100001231VARIABLE-DENSITY PREFORMS - Provided are novel devices and methods for making a variable density preform, the methods comprising obtaining a slurry comprising a reinforcement particle component and a liquid component; obtaining a die cavity having at least one inlet opening and at least one exit opening defining at least one die cavity flow path therebetween directed toward the exit opening, the at least one exit opening suitably sized or configured to provide for exit of the at least one liquid component while impeding or blocking exit of the at least one reinforcement particle component; and introducing the slurry under pressure, and for a sufficient time period, through the inlet orifice into the die cavity flow path to provide for a decreasing pressure gradient along the flow path direction, to provide for a variable density of the at least one particle component, the particle density increasing in the at least one flow path direction.01-07-2010
20130015398METHOD FOR PREPARING MODIFIED MICRONIZED PARTICLESAANM Zhang; YingAACI ShandongAACO CNAAGP Zhang; Ying Shandong CNAANM Liu; GangAACI ShandongAACO CNAAGP Liu; Gang Shandong CN - The present invention provides a method for preparing modified micronized particles, comprising the steps of carrying out co-precipitation in an aqueous solution at a temperature between the freezing point and the boiling point of the reaction mother liquid to produce a mixed precipitate of micronized particles or precursors thereof and an inorganic precipitate. The method effectively solves the conflict between micronization and surface modification of particles, and resolves the problem that it is difficult to separate micronized particles from the reaction mother liquid.01-17-2013
20130015397METHOD FOR HARVESTING COCHINEAL WAX FROM COCHINEAL INSECTS GROWN ON AN ARTIFICIAL MEDIUM - A method for obtaining cochineal wax is provided which comprises (a) harvesting cochineal insects from an artificial medium inoculated with the insects; (b) extracting cochineal wax from the insects with a liquid medium; and (c) isolating cochineal wax from the liquid medium.01-17-2013
20080245996METHOD FOR PRODUCING BENZOIC ACID ESTERS - A process for preparing benzoic esters whose alkoxy groups have from 7 to 13 carbon atoms by reacting benzoic acid with at least one alcohol having from 7 to 13 carbon atoms, the water of reaction formed being removed during the esterification reaction by distillation, and the alcohol not converted in the esterification reaction being removed after the esterification reaction, in which the reaction takes place in the presence of a tin(II) compound as catalyst and, without treatment with a base, the catalyst and/or its derivatives is/are separated off by filtering or by centrifuging from the reaction mixture which remains after the unconverted alcohol has been separated off.10-09-2008
20090039314Mixture of Low-Boiling Liquids with Products Dispensable by Pumps - Fluid mixture which comprises at least one low-boiling liquid, and which during use generates a low vapour pressure, said mixture being dispensable by a manually operated dispensing pump mounted on a hermetically sealed container of this mixture. The low vapour pressure developed by the low-boiling liquid is such as to prevent a vacuum being created in the container interior when the mixture is dispensed by the pump, in order to allow correct pump operation.02-12-2009
20130168602Pre-soaking process for biomass conversion - An improved method of conducting the pre-soaking step involving pre-soaking the ligno-cellulosic biomass in a liquid (water) at a temperature in the range of between 100° C. to 150° C. prior to soaking at higher temperatures. This material can then be soaked and soaked liquid filtered by nano-filtration. When nano-filtration is used, the pre-soak temperature can be in the range of 10° C. to 150° C.07-04-2013
20100308259PROCESS FOR SEPARATING A FLUOROOLEFIN FROM HF BY LIQUID-LIQUID EXTRACTION - Disclosed is a process for separating fluoroolefin from a composition comprising HF and fluoroolefin, said process comprising extracting said composition with an extractant. Also disclosed is a composition comprising HF, at least one fluoroolefin, and at least one extractant.12-09-2010
20110233460High efficiency ammoxidation process and mixed metal oxide catalysts - A process and novel catalyst for the production of acrylonitrile, acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide characterized by the relative yields of acrylonitrile, acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide produced in the process and by the catalyst, which are defined by the following:09-29-2011
20120280174METHOD OF INHIBITING FREE RADICAL POLYMERIZATION OF STYRENE - The method of inhibiting free radical polymerization of styrene includes adding multi-walled carbon nanotubes are added to the styrene monomer. The addition of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes at a concentration of 5% by weight is found to provide effective inhibition of the polymerization of the styrene. Greater decreases in the conversion rate of styrene to polystyrene are found through the addition of multi-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with a carboxylic group (COOH). Still greater decreases in the conversion rate of styrene to polystyrene are found through the addition of multi-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with octadecylamine (C11-08-2012
20110309294FORMULATIONS AND METHODS FOR SOLID CHITOSAN-CONTAINING BLENDS - Chitosan-containing blends and methods of dissolving and using chitosan are disclosed. A blend includes a solid acid or a solid agent that generates a proton in situ in the presence of water mixed together with a dry solid chitosan, and may optionally contain other components. The blends are in a dry, free-flowing, particulate form. Methods of dissolving a blend typically comprise adding a quantity of the blend to a low volume of water and mixing until the chitosan and solid acid or solid agent are dissolved and then further diluting this mixture by the addition of water, or used as-is. Devices containing the blends are also described along with methods of using the devices, such as for controlled release of solubilized chitosan in a body of water, such as a stream, containing impurities (e.g., particles, sediment, or suspended matter or dissolved substances) to cause flocculation or precipitation of such impurities.12-22-2011
20130187084DISPERSED SOLUTION OF CARBON NANOTUBES AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME - Provided are a dispersed solution of carbon nanotubes including carbon nanotubes, an organic solvent, a spacer, and a dispersant. The dispersed solution of the carbon nanotubes includes both the spacer reducing the van der Waals force of the carbon nanotubes and preventing the bundling of the carbon nanotubes and the dispersant maintaining the debundling and stability of the carbon nanotubes, thereby improving the dispersibility of the carbon nanotubes. The preparation method of the dispersed solution of the carbon nanotubes can easily produce a dispersed solution of carbon nanotubes without separately performing a chemical treatment.07-25-2013
20120074352WETTABLE HYDROGEL CONTACT LENS AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - Disclosed is a hydrogel contact lens which has improved and long-lasting wettability in the surface and inner structures, while exhibiting excellent contamination resistance, shape stability and mechanical strength. Also disclosed is a method for producing the hydrogel contact lens. The wettable hydrogel contact lens is characterized by containing an ionic hydrophilic polymer which is a compound having a hydroxy group and an anionic group. The method for producing a hydrogel contact lens is characterized in that a constituent component of the hydrogel contact lens is a copolymer containing at least a cationic monomer and an anionic monomer, and in that the method comprises a step wherein counter ions of the monomers form ionic bonds and a step wherein an ionic hydrophilic polymer, which is a compound having a hydroxy group and an anionic group, is contained.03-29-2012

Patent applications in class Organic reactant

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