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Carbon-oxide and hydrogen containing

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252 - Compositions

252372000 - GASEOUS COMPOSITIONS

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DocumentTitleDate
20110175032METHOD AND PLANT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS FROM BIOGAS - A method and system produce a synthesis gas from a biogas. The method provides a more economic process control and a higher yield. For this purpose hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide of the biogas are nearly completely separated in separate cleaning steps before a catalytic conversion of the biogas, wherein hydrogen sulfide is biologically removed by the admixture of oxygen and/or oxidation agents containing oxygen. The oxygen, or the oxidation agent, is dosed such that an excess of oxygen of at least 1.0 vol.-% is present in the cleaned biogas (methane gas). The biogas is concentrated without any dehumidification, heated, and mixed with superheated steam. Due to the excess of oxygen, thermal energy is additionally created during the reforming process by an exothermal oxidation of oxygen contained in the biogas together with hydrogen in the catalyst bed for the endothermal conversion of methane to the synthesis gas.07-21-2011
20130043432Staged Membrane Oxidation Reactor System - Ion transport membrane oxidation system comprising (a) two or more membrane oxidation stages, each stage comprising a reactant zone, an oxidant zone, one or more ion transport membranes separating the reactant zone from the oxidant zone, a reactant gas inlet region, a reactant gas outlet region, an oxidant gas inlet region, and an oxidant gas outlet region; (b) an interstage reactant gas flow path disposed between each pair of membrane oxidation stages and adapted to place the reactant gas outlet region of a first stage of the pair in flow communication with the reactant gas inlet region of a second stage of the pair; and (c) one or more reactant interstage feed gas lines, each line being in flow communication with any interstage reactant gas flow path or with the reactant zone of any membrane oxidation stage receiving interstage reactant gas.02-21-2013
20090026420Partial oxidation of hydrocarbons - A process of catalytic partial oxidation of hydrocarbons, particularly methane and/or natural gas to form a product containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide where the first catalyst at the inlet has a higher thermal conductivity than that of a second catalyst closer to the outlet. The second catalyst closer to the outlet has a higher surface area than that of the first catalyst at the inlet.01-29-2009
20090194742Reforming system for methanol and method thereof - A reforming system for methanol comprises a reactor and a fuel unit disposed in front of the reactor. The reactor comprises an inlet, an outlet, a reaction chamber between the inlet and the outlet, and a combustion chamber surrounding the reaction chamber. The reaction chamber has a catalyzing unit thereinside. The reactor is constructed for maintaining the reaction chamber at a predetermined temperature so that at least one reactant acts to produce at least one product in the reaction chamber. The fuel unit comprises a first fuel container, a second fuel container, a mixing chamber connected to the first fuel container and the second fuel container, and a nebulizing device connected to the mixing chamber. The reforming system for methanol can produce hydrogen (H08-06-2009
20110193026SOLAR-THERMAL REACTION PROCESSING - In an embodiment, a method of conducting a high temperature chemical reaction that produces hydrogen or synthesis gas is described. The high temperature chemical reaction is conducted in a reactor having at least two reactor shells, including an inner shell and an outer shell. Heat absorbing particles are included in a gas stream flowing in the inner shell. The reactor is heated at least in part by a source of concentrated sunlight. The inner shell is heated by the concentrated sunlight. The inner shell re-radiates from the inner wall and heats the heat absorbing particles in the gas stream flowing through the inner shell, and heat transfers from the heat absorbing particles to the first gas stream, thereby heating the reactants in the gas stream to a sufficiently high temperature so that the first gas stream undergoes the desired reaction(s), thereby producing hydrogen or synthesis gas in the gas stream.08-11-2011
20130037751MIXING DEVICE FOR A FUEL REFORMER, FUEL REFORMER AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING HYDROCARBON FUELS INTO HYDROGEN RICH GAS - A mixing device for a fuel reformer for mixing at least two fluids is provided. The mixing device includes at least a first plurality of holes which is arranged along a first row, and a second plurality of holes which is arranged along a second row. The mixing device can be used in a fuel reformer for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen rich gas by auto-thermal reaction process having a, preferably cylindrically shaped and double walled, housing with two side walls forming a reaction chamber of the fuel reformer, wherein hydrocarbon fuel and an oxidizing agent are mixed by the mixing device.02-14-2013
20130037750Systems And Methods For Starting Up A Gasifier - Systems and methods for starting a gasifier are provided. In the method, a heated start-up medium can be fed to a gasifier operating at a first temperature. Heat can be transferred from the heated start-up medium to the gasifier to increase the temperature of the gasifier from the first temperature to an intermediate temperature sufficient to auto-ignite a start-up fuel. A start-up fuel and an oxidant can be fed to the gasifier after the temperature within the gasifier is increased to the intermediate temperature. At least a portion of the start-up fuel can be combusted within the gasifier to produce a combustion gas. Heat can be transferred from the combustion gas to the gasifier to increase the temperature of the gasifier to an operating temperature, wherein the operating temperature is sufficient to gasify at least a portion of a hydrocarbon feedstock.02-14-2013
20130032762APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ADIABATIC METHANE CONVERSION - There is herein described a process and apparatus for hydrocarbon conversion. More particularly, there is described a process and apparatus for adiabatic methane conversion into synthetic gas (i.e. syngas).02-07-2013
20100038593Tubular Reactor With Jet Impingement Heat Transfer - A tubular reactor and method for producing a product mixture in a tubular reactor where the tubular reactor comprises an internal catalytic insert having orifices for forming fluid jets for impinging the fluid on the tube wall. Jet impingement is used to improve heat transfer between the fluid in the tube and the tube wall in a non-adiabatic reactor. The tubular reactor and method may be used for endothermic reactions such as steam methane reforming and for exothermic reactions such as methanation.02-18-2010
20090065743FLUIDIZED BEDS, SIZING OF FLUIDIZED MEDIUM INLET HOLES AND METHODS OF FLUIDIZING - A fluidized bed apparatus having a plurality of inlet holes for the introduction of fluidizing medium into a fluidized bed, wherein at least two, and preferably more, of the inlet holes have different cross sectional areas.03-12-2009
20100044642REACTOR DEVICE, AND A METHOD FOR CARRYING OUT A REACTION WITH HYDROGEN AS REACTION PRODUCT - A reactor device comprises a reaction chamber for carrying out a reaction with hydrogen (H2) as reaction product. The reactor device comprises a combustion chamber, and a hydrogen-permeable membrane, which is provided between the reaction chamber and the combustion chamber. A supply channel is provided in the combustion chamber. The supply channel is designed, for example, as a tubular supply line. The supply channel is provided with lateral supply apertures for supplying a fluid containing oxygen (O2), such as air, to the combustion chamber.02-25-2010
20100044641Method and Device for Producing a Synthesis Gas Containing H2 and CO - In a process for producing synthesis gas by catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons contained in a desulfurized feed gas stream with steam, the mixture of feed gas and steam is preheated by heat exchange at a pressure of 10 to 45 bar to a temperature of 300 to 700° C. and is subsequently heated by heat exchange above a catalyst at a pressure of 10 to 45 bar to a temperature of 650 to 950° C. To minimize the apparatus involved, it is provided that the mixture of feed gas and steam traverses a catalyst bed contained in a reaction tank, and the catalyst bed is heated by thermal radiation and convection.02-25-2010
20100102278LOW TEMPERATURE WATER GAS SHIFT CATALYST - A low temperature water gas shift catalyst containing copper, zinc, aluminum in which the aluminum component is prepared from highly dispersible alumina as well as related methods are disclosed.04-29-2010
20100108948PROCESS TO PREPARE A MIXTURE OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON MONOXIDE - The invention provides a process to prepare a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a methane comprising gas. The following steps are performed: 05-06-2010
20130026419METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS - A method for producing synthesis gas, including: 1) pre-treating a biomass raw material; 2) carrying out low-temperature carbonization to obtain pyrolysis gas and charcoal, cooling the charcoal at an outlet of an carbonization furnace, and conveying the cooled charcoal to a charcoal storage bin; 3) separating the pyrolysis gas from charcoal powder; 4) delivering part of a separated pyrolysis gas to a combustion bed for combustion, heating the other part of the separated pyrolysis gas, and delivering a heated pyrolysis gas to the carbonization furnace; delivering a waste hot flue gas after heat exchange to a pretreatment part for the biomass raw material for drying; conveying the separated charcoal powder to the charcoal storage bin; 5) milling the charcoal powder to prepare a charcoal slurry; and 6) using high-pressure charcoal slurry pump, introducing the charcoal slurry to a gasification furnace for gasification.01-31-2013
20130026418PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLVENT DEASPHALTING PROCESS BOTTOMS IN A MEMBRANE WALL GASIFICATION REACTOR - A cost-effective solution for the disposal of solvent deasphalting process bottoms that include spent solid adsorbent material containing ash-producing constituents, asphalt and process reject materials is provided by introducing them in the form of a flowable slurry into a membrane wall gasification reactor to produce a synthesis gas and, optionally, subjecting the synthesis gas to a water-gas shift reaction to produce a more hydrogen-rich product stream; process steam and electricity are produced by recovering the sensible heat values from the hot synthesis gas.01-31-2013
20130026417Production of synthesis gas by heating oxidized biomass with a hot gas obtained from oxidation of residual products - A process for producing synthesis gas, or syngas, from biomass. The process comprises contacting biomass with oxygen, or oxygen and steam, in an amount effective to oxidize the biomass and to heat the biomass to a temperature to no greater than 750° C. At least one combustible material also is contacted with oxygen and steam to heat the at least one combustible material to a temperature of at least 1,100° C., to provide a hot gas derived from the oxidized combustible material. The latter maybe residual products derived from the process itself as char, tar, or hydrocarbons. The oxidized biomass then is contacted with the hot flue gas to heat the biomass to a temperature of at least 900° C., thereby producing synthesis gas. The synthesis gas then is recovered. Such process provides a method of providing heat for producing synthesis gas without consuming a portion of the synthesis gas to provide such heat, thereby providing an increased yield of synthesis gas.01-31-2013
20130082211PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF SYNTHESIS GAS - Process for the preparation of synthesis gas from an essentially dry hydrocarbon feedstock (1) comprising olefins, hydrogen and carbon monoxide, the process comprising the steps: (a) selectively hydrogenating the olefins in the hydrocarbon feedstock at a temperature between 60 to 190° C. (2) to obtain a hydrogenated hydrocarbon feedstock comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide and saturated hydrocarbons (3; (b) adding steam (4) to the hydrogenated hydrocarbon feedstock; (c) performing a water gas shift reaction in the presence of steam on the hydrogenated hydrocarbon feedstock (6) to obtain a shifted, hydrogenated hydrocarbon mixture; (d) converting the shifted, hydrogenated hydrocarbon mixture (8) to obtain a synthesis gas.04-04-2013
20130082210Syngas Production Using Scrap Tire Gasification - A first carbon containing substance, which may be scrap tires, is introduced to pyrolitic reactor. The pyrolitic reactor produces at least a tar/char stream and a pyrolysis oil stream. Pyrolysis oil stream may also be combined with hydrogen stream and hydrotreated to produce synthetic diesel, synthetic jet fuel, or synthetic gasoline. At least a portion of hydrogen/carbon monoxide stream may be separated to provide hydrogen stream. An oxidant containing first gas may be oxygen or an oxygen rich stream. Gasification reactor may be a fluidized bed reactor, moving bed reactor, double fired reactor, entrained bed reactor or molten bath reactor. Pyrolitic reactor and gasification reactor may be thermally linked, with the exothermic pyrolitic reactor providing at least a portion of the heat required by endothermic gasification reactor.04-04-2013
20130087742Apparatus And Methods For Saturating And Purifying Syngas - Apparatus and processes for saturating and purifying syngas are provided. In one or more embodiments, the apparatus can include two packed beds through which water and syngas flow countercurrently. In the first bed, the syngas can be at least partially saturated with water, and in the second bed hydrocarbons, byproducts, or both can be removed from the syngas. Processes for saturating and purifying syngas using the apparatus discussed and described herein are also provided.04-11-2013
20130087743BURNER FOR THE GASIFICATION OF A SOLID FUEL - A burner includes a burner front having annular and central openings. The annular opening, for discharging a solid fuel, fluidly connects to a central passage way. The central opening, for discharging an oxygen containing gas, fluidly connects to an annular passage way for passage of oxygen positioned co-axial with the central passage way. The central passage way has a downstream part and a diameter that increases over a first length and subsequently decreases over a second length terminating at the burner front. Inside the downstream part a hollow member is positioned which is closed at one end and has an opening at or near the burner front, and has increasing and decreasing diameters aligned with the increasing and decreasing diameters of the central passage way forming an annular passage. The hollow member fluidly connects with the annular passage way for the oxygen containing gas via one or more connecting conduits.04-11-2013
20120181484CATALYTIC METHOD FOR OBTAINING HYDROGEN OR A HYDROGEN-RICH GAS STARTING FROM BIOETHANOL AND/OR ETHANOL - The invention relates to a catalyst which is used to obtain hydrogen or a hydrogen-rich gas that is suitable for use in fuel cells or other applications from bioethanol and/or ethanol, comprising a support, a promoter agent and an active phase which is incorporated into the support, said catalyst taking the form of a calcinated solid in which the support comprises at least one oxide with high surface mobility and is modified with the promoter agent. According to the invention, the promoter agent comprises at least one oxide of a rare earth that is selected from the lanthanide group and the active phase comprises at least one oxide of a transition metal from group VIII or IB.07-19-2012
20120181483VARIOUS METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR MULTI-STAGE SYNTHESIS GAS GENERATION - A multiple stage synthesis gas generation system is disclosed including a high radiant heat flux reactor, a gasifier reactor control system, and a Steam Methane Reformer (SMR) reactor. The SMR reactor is in parallel and cooperates with the high radiant heat flux reactor to produce a high quality syngas mixture for MeOH synthesis. The resultant products from the two reactors may be used for the MeOH synthesis. The SMR provides hydrogen rich syngas to be mixed with the potentially carbon monoxide rich syngas from the high radiant heat flux reactor. The combination of syngas component streams from the two reactors can provide the required hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio for methanol synthesis. The SMR reactor control system and a gasifier reactor control system interact to produce a high quality syngas mixture for the MeOH synthesis.07-19-2012
20130048916METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CARBON INJECTION AND RECIRCULATION OF SYNTHESIS GAS WHEN PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS - Method and device for introducing pulverulent material (C) into a gasification reactor (02-28-2013
20130048915PROCESSING OF BIOMASS-DERIVED OXYGENATES WITH PARTICLES COMPRISING A COKE DEPOSIT - A method is disclosed for producing a mixture of CO and H02-28-2013
20090302275Supported Nobel Metal Catalyst And Its Use In Synthesis Gas Production - A catalytic composition comprising a catalytically active metal and a solid support, characterized in that a proportion of said catalytically active metal is dispersed on the outer surface of said support and another proportion is included into the core structure of said solid support, and said solid support is a refractory and ionic conductive oxide.12-10-2009
20120217441Reforming Apparatus and Method - A multiple adiabatic bed reforming apparatus and process are disclosed in which stage-wise combustion, in combination with multiple reforming chambers with catalyst, utilize co-flow and cross-flow under laminar flow conditions, to provide a reformer suitable for smaller production situations as well as large scale production. A passive stage by stage fuel distribution network suitable for low pressure fuel is incorporated and the resistances in successive fuel distribution lines control the amount of fuel delivered to each combustion stage.08-30-2012
20120217440Method and Device for Using Oxygen in the Steam Reforming of Biomass - The invention relates to a device for using oxygen for the thermochemical gasification of biomass in at least one fluidized-bed reactor, a heating system being located in the fluidized bed of said reactor and the fluidized-bed reactor being heated by the at least partial oxidation of a combustible gas using oxygen.08-30-2012
20120217442HIGH-TEMPERATURE FURNACE AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING ORGANIC MATERIALS TO SYNTHESIS GAS - High-temperature apparatus (08-30-2012
20130056684TREATMENT OF A CARBON DIOXIDE-RICH FRACTION OF A SYSTEM FOR PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON MONOXIDE - The invention relates to a method for treatment of a carbon dioxide-rich gas fraction (03-07-2013
20130056685TWO STAGE GASIFIER FOR GENERATING SYNGAS - The present subject matter describes a gasification system (03-07-2013
20130056683COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR PROMOTING FATTY ACID PRODUCTION IN PLANTS - The invention relates to methods and products for producing fatty acids by manipulating metabolic function in plants and fungus. The fatty acids generated according to the invention may be useful in the production of biofuels.03-07-2013
20120305848HYDROMETHANATION OF A CARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK - The present invention relates to processes for hydromethanating a carbonaceous feedstock to an acid gas-depleted methane-enriched synthesis gas, with improved efficiency of the acid gas removal treatment.12-06-2012
20130062567Staged Membrane Oxidation Reactor System - Ion transport membrane oxidation system comprising (a) two or more membrane oxidation stages, each stage comprising a reactant zone, an oxidant zone, one or more ion transport membranes separating the reactant zone from the oxidant zone, a reactant gas inlet region, a reactant gas outlet region, an oxidant gas inlet region, and an oxidant gas outlet region; (b) an interstage reactant gas flow path disposed between each pair of membrane oxidation stages and adapted to place the reactant gas outlet region of a first stage of the pair in flow communication with the reactant gas inlet region of a second stage of the pair; and (c) one or more reactant interstage feed gas lines, each line being in flow communication with any interstage reactant gas flow path or with the reactant zone of any membrane oxidation stage receiving interstage reactant gas.03-14-2013
20120223274WATER GAS SHIFT REACTION PROCESS - A process for increasing the hydrogen content of a synthesis gas including hydrogen and carbon oxides and having a carbon monoxide content ≧45 mole % on a dry-gas basis, including the steps of: 09-06-2012
20130161563SUPPLEMENTAL FUEL TO COMBUSTOR OF DUAL FLUIDIZED BED GASIFIER - A method of gasification by introducing a feed material to be subjected to gasification into a dual fluidized bed gasifier comprising a pyrolyzer fluidly connected with a combustor such that a circulation stream comprising a heat transfer material can be continuously circulated between the pyrolyzer, in which the temperature of the circulation stream is reduced, and the combustor, in which the temperature of the circulation stream is increased, wherein the pyrolyzer is operable to convert at least a portion of the feed material into a gasifier product gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, and wherein the combustor is operable to increase the temperature of the circulation stream via combustion of char introduced thereto with the circulation stream and at least one supplemental fuel. A system for carrying out the method is also provided.06-27-2013
20130069009Systems And Methods For Controlling The Gasification Of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks - Systems and methods for controlling the gasification of one or more hydrocarbon feedstocks are provided. In the method, a first oxidant can be introduced to a gasifier and a first hydrocarbon feedstock can be introduced to the gasifier downstream of the first oxidant. A second oxidant can also be introduced to the gasifier downstream of the first oxidant and the first hydrocarbon feedstock. The second oxidant can be introduced from a location that is external to the gasifier. At least a portion of the first hydrocarbon feedstock can be gasified to produce a syngas.03-21-2013
20130214207PROCESS FOR OBTAINING PETROCHEMICAL PRODUCTS FROM CARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK - A process for obtaining petrochemical products from a carbonaceous feedstock is provided. The carbonaceous feedstock may be coal, coke, lignite, biomass, bitumen and the like. The carbonaceous feedstock is pulverized and fed to a pyrolysis reactor where the feedstock is pyrolyzed at 700-1000° C. at a pressure of 2-25 bar for 2-10 seconds, wherein the feedstock is entrained in hot syngas during the pyrolysis process.08-22-2013
20130134358DRY BOTTOM REACTOR VESSEL AND METHOD - A reactor vessel includes an entrained-flow gasifier and a dry solids discharge beneath the gasifier.05-30-2013
20120235096Catalytic Reactor Including a Cell-Like Structure and Elements Optimizing the Contact Thereof with the Inner Wall of the Reactor - The invention relates to a catalytic reactor including: a reaction chamber; at least one catalytic structure made up of at least one catalytic cell-like architecture having outer dimensions at most 10% smaller than the inner dimensions of the reaction chamber; an annular space between the inner wall of the reaction chamber and the cell-like architectures; and at least one second structure positioned in the annular space, selected from among: a) a fibrous structure, or b) a structure including at least one metal collar clasping at least one portion of the cell-like architectures and supporting metal fins.09-20-2012
20100133473Simultaneous Warm Gas Desulfurization and Complete CO-Shift for Improved Syngas Cleanup - The present invention involves both separated beds (or physical mixture) and a process for treating a fuel gas comprising sending the fuel gas to a separated bed (or physical mixture), in which the separated beds comprise a first bed of a sulfur sorbent and a second bed of a water gas shift catalyst (a physical mixture of a sulfur sorbent and a water gas shift catalyst). The process comprises first sending the fuel gas to the first bed to remove sulfur compounds from said fuel gas and then the fuel gas goes to the second bed to undergo a water gas shift reaction in which carbon monoxide is converted to carbon dioxide and water is converted to hydrogen (or sending the fuel gas simultaneously to the physical mixture to remove simultaneously the sulfur compounds and to react CO with water to CO2 and hydrogen).06-03-2010
20110284800METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING A RAW SYNTHESIS GAS - A method and an apparatus for generating a gas containing hydrogen (H11-24-2011
20110297885PROCESS TO CONVERT BIOMASS - The invention is directed to a process to prepare a fuel or an intermediate to a fuel from residues as obtained in a palm oil process wherein shredded agricultural residue having a water content of between 40 and 75 wt % water is dried to obtain a dried agricultural residue having a water content of between 5 and 40 wt % and then is compacted into pellets, cubes, or small briquettes having a two dimensional size of between 5 and 1000 mm and a thickness of between 5 and 300 mm and a density of between 200 and 1200 kg/m12-08-2011
20100090166PROCESS TO PREPARE A GAS MIXTURE OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON MONOXIDE - The invention is directed to a process to prepare a gas mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide from an ash containing carbonaceous feedstock. The process involves a partial oxidation obtaining liquid ash and a gas mixture comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide and solids. The liquid ash is separated from the gas mixture and the temperature of the gas mixture is reduced in the absence of the separated ash. The gas mixture is passed through a vertically positioned diptube wherein water is added to the gas mixture flowing through the diptube to obtain a gas/water mixture. The liquid is separated from the gas/water mixture. The gas thus obtained is passed together with an amount of liquid water through a venturi mixer and scrubbed.04-15-2010
20110291051Reactor With Reactor Head And Integrated Valve - A reactor with minimal dead volume especially suited to reverse-flow applications comprises: a) a reactor body; b) a first head engaged with said reactor body; c) a first conduit extending from outside said head to at least partially through said head; and d) a first valve in flow communication with said first conduit controlling fluid flow along a flow path extending from the first valve and through the reactor body. The reactor is especially suited for use in a process for rapid stream-switching of at least two streams in a reverse-flow reactor.12-01-2011
20100288976Method And Plant For Producing A Chilled Compressed Synthesis Gas - A method and a plant for producing a cooled compressed syngas is presented.11-18-2010
20100237289Infectious waste treatment system and method - An infectious waste treatment system and method provided for treating waste material wherein the waste material is reduced and rendered decontaminated and unrecognizable thereby facilitating the disposal of infectious waste or potentially infectious waste materials. The treatment system is utilized for thermomechanically treating and processing all types of waste material. The treatment system includes a container processing unit in communication with a disinfection unit. The container processing unit is used to receive the waste materials in containerized form and convert the waste material into a usable medium for the disinfection unit. The disinfection unit comprises a system which drives a thermomechanical process wherein the waste material is rendered decontaminated and unrecognizable. The treatment system may be operated effectively without the presence of chemical disinfectants, steam, or radiation. In addition, the resulting product of the infectious waste treatment system and/or method may be used as a usable energy source in a separate process.09-23-2010
20090108239COMPOSITE MEMBRANE - The present invention relates to composite ceramic membranes for use in chemical processes such as the separation of molecules, sometimes referred to as molecular sieving, preferably in combination with chemical conversion of molecules selected from a composition of different molecules, e.g. the selective partial or full oxidation. The composite membrane of the invention offers a combination of molecular sieving and oxygen transport that makes the composite membrane suitable for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons from a feed comprising a mixture hydrocarbons. The composite membrane of the invention comprises a first layer containing an oxygen transporting material (OTM), e.g. perovskite, and, in association with the first layer, a second layer, containing a molecular sieve layer, e.g. a zeolite.04-30-2009
20110204294METHOD FOR STEAM REFORMING CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL - A method for steam reforming carbonaceous material into a synthesis gas by using a single stage process of heating the carbonaceous material in a rotary kiln at an elevated reforming temperature so that the carbonaceous material undergoes substantially complete conversion to synthesis gas or by using a dual stream, multiple-stage process of heating carbonaceous material to a reforming temperature, below that at which metallic materials will typically vaporize, to form gaseous and solid materials; further reforming the gaseous materials in a second stage reforming kiln at an elevated reforming temperature to form synthesis gas; and separating carbon char from the solid material for further processing.08-25-2011
20090014689METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING SYNGAS AND ALCOHOLS - This invention features methods and apparatus for producing syngas from any carbon-containing feed material. In some embodiments, a substoichiometric amount of oxygen is used to enhance the formation of syngas. In various embodiments, both oxygen and steam are added during the conversion of the feed material into syngas. Some variations employ eductors for facilitating flow of solid and gas phases in the processes of the invention. The syngas can be converted to alcohols, such as ethanol, or to other products.01-15-2009
20090314993CATALYST FOR PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS - The present invention relates to a novel composite metal oxide catalyst, a method of making the catalyst, and a process for producing synthesis gas using the catalyst. The catalyst may be a nickel and cobalt based dual-active component composite metal oxide catalyst. The catalyst may be used to produce synthesis gas by the carbon dioxide reforming reaction of methane. The catalyst on an anhydrous basis after calcinations has the empirical formula:12-24-2009
20120286210SYNGAS PRODUCED BY PLASMA GASIFICATION - A syngas stream composition comprising on a dry basis up to about 50,000 mg/Nm11-15-2012
20090189123METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A MULTI PURPOSE DATA AND ENGINEERING SYSTEM 205 - The present invention relates to a method of a manufacturing facility fitted and equipped onboard a marine vessel, the vessel first taking in seawater to fill the vessel ballast tanks using the vessel's sea chests, ensuring a reasonable stability factor to allow for continuous and safe operation of the manufacturing facility.07-30-2009
20090152501Process and device for removal of exhaust gases - The invention relates to a process as well as a device for removal of exhaust gas (06-18-2009
20090152499Method for the production of olefins and synthesis gas - Methods comprising: (a) providing a starting mixture comprising at least one hydrocarbon and at least one oxygen source, wherein the starting mixture has a fuel number of at least 4; (b) heating the starting mixture to a temperature of not more than 1400° C. and subjecting it to a single-stage, autothermal, uncatalyzed reaction to form a reaction gas; and (c) subjecting the reaction gas to rapid cooling to form at least one olefin and synthesis gas are described.06-18-2009
20090121191System and method for high pressure synthesis gas processing - A system for production of CO05-14-2009
20120138861LOOP SEAL FOR RECYCLING SOLIDS FROM A CYCLONE AND FLUIDIZED BED REACTOR AND METHOD USING THE SAME - A loop seal for a fluidized bed reactor comprising a vertical downcomer segment connected to a dipleg for receiving solids particles from the dipleg, a horizontal segment downstream of the downcomer, a riser segment downstream of the horizontal segment, and a downwardly inclined segment downstream of the riser, whereby the solids are entrained to the fluidized bed reactor. An eductor is added to the angled leg to induce the underflow gas from the cyclone; one of the preferred motive fluids to the eductor is the fines from fuel preparation and the carrying gas for the fines. Also provided are a fluidized bed reactor comprising the loop seal, and a method for producing syngas from coal and steam using the same.06-07-2012
20110062387METHOD FOR THE CATALYTIC REDUCTION OF THE TAR CONTENT IN GASES FROM GASIFICATION PROCESSES USING A CATALYST BASED ON NOBLE METALS - The invention relates to a method for reducing the tar content in gases resulting from a thermochemical gasification process of carbon-containing starting material and includes contacting of at least a part of the gas obtained from the gasification process with a catalyst containing noble metals. The invention is further characterized in that the gas to be treated is not brought into contact with a zirconium-based catalyst prior to the contract with the catalyst containing noble metals. The catalyst containing noble metals comprises at least one noble metal selected from the group consisting of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru and Re, provided that, in the case that the noble metal chosen is Pt, Pt is used in combination with at least one further noble metal or Ni.03-17-2011
20110168948Process for Producing Ammonia Synthesis Gas - A process for producing ammonia synthesis gas, where a natural gas feedstock (07-14-2011
20090272943Supported Noble Metal Catalyst And Its Use In Synthesis Gas Production - A catalytic composition comprising a catalytically active metal and a solid support, characterized in that said catalytically active metal is included into the core structure of said solid support, and said solid support is a refractory and ionic conductive oxide, process for their preparation and its use as a catalyst in synthesis gas production.11-05-2009
20130099166Reforming Exchanger System With Intermediate Shift Conversion - A reforming exchanger system for syngas production is provided. The reforming exchanger system can have a first and a second reforming exchanger, each with a shell-and-tube configuration, and a shift reactor located intermediate to the first and second reforming exchangers to reduce carbon monoxide concentration in the outlet gas. Processes for forming syngas using the reforming exchanger systems described herein are also provided.04-25-2013
20110168947PRODUCING LOW METHANE SYNGAS FROM A TWO-STAGE GASIFIER - The present disclosure relates generally to a method for obtaining synthesis gas from a gasifier that has a low methane content. The synthesis gas is obtained as an extraction gas from the quench section of the gasifier, and can be utilized as feedstock for a variety of chemical production processes without the need for expensive pre-treatment to remove methane.07-14-2011
20110204293GOLD CATALYSTS FOR CO OXIDATION AND WATER GAS SHIFT REACTIONS - Methods of making supported monolithic gold (Au) catalysts that can be used for generating a hydrogen-rich gas from gas mixtures containing carbon monoxide, hydrogen and water via a water gas shift reaction, and for the removal of carbon monoxide from air at a low reaction temperature via its oxidation reaction are described. Methods of making highly dispersed gold catalysts on washcoated monoliths and the stabilization of monolithic catalyst supports by the addition of a third metal oxide, such as zirconia (ZrO08-25-2011
20090261296Method for the Production of Synthesis Gas and of Operating a Fixed Bed Dry Bottom Gasifier10-22-2009
20080283798METHOD AND DEVICE FOR GENERATING HYDROGEN FROM SUBSTANCES CONTAINING GLYCEROL - A method for producing at least one product stream containing hydrogen from a feedstock containing glycerol and a device for performing the method is disclosed. By separation of unwanted substances and pyrolysis of glycerol, an intermediate product is obtained from the feedstock containing glycerol and is then converted into a crude synthesis gas containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide by steam reforming in an externally heated steam reforming reactor.11-20-2008
20080290322Method for Heating and Partial Oxidation of a Steam/Natural Gas Mixture After a Primary Reformer - By means of a method and a system for heating and partial oxidation of not separately pre-heated, pre-reformed steam/natural gas mixture for an NH11-27-2008
20120292574Process For The Production Of Hydrogen And Carbon Dioxide - This present invention provides a method to more efficiently recover hydrogen and carbon dioxide, preferably at least 50%, even more preferably at least 75%, and most preferably at least 90% of the carbon dioxide. The present invention further provides the design for capture of at least 80%, carbon dioxide from syngas that allows for the simultaneous production of medium to high amounts of hydrogen in the syngas as a part of the production of hydrogen in a hydrogen generation plant. By using the process of the present invention, especially in terms of a hydrogen generation plant, it is possible to increase recovery of hydrogen and capture of the carbon dioxide in the syngas stream by balancing the recycle of the hydrogen rich permeate from the hydrogen membrane separation units to the process unit and/or the water gas shift as capacity allows when a carbon dioxide separation unit, a carbon dioxide membrane separation unit and two hydrogen membrane separation units are utilized.11-22-2012
20100264373PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A HYDROGEN-CONTAINING PRODUCT GAS - A process for producing a hydrogen-containing product gas by catalytic steam-hydrocarbon reforming with an overall steam-to-carbon molar ratio between 1.5 and 2.4 for the process. The process stream is reacted in at least two prereformers prior to reaction in catalyst-containing tubes in a top-fired reformer furnace. The process stream is reacted adiabatically in the first prereformer, while the process stream is heated prior to being introduced into the second prereformer and/or the second prereformer is heated. The process avoids carbon formation on the catalyst in the catalyst-containing tubes in the primary reformer.10-21-2010
20110006262PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF SYNTHESIS GAS, II - A process for the production of synthesis gas is presented, which involves the steps of a) preparing a vapor phase mixture comprising steam and at least one hydrocarbon or oxygenated hydrocarbon by atomizing of the at least one hydocarbon or oxygenated hydrocarbon through a nozzle such that the at least one hydrocarbon or oxygenated hydrocarbon is present as droplets with a droplet size of less than 500 μm and the time to complete evaporation does not exceed 0.5 seconds, said at least one hydrocarbon or oxygenated hydrocarbon having an atmospheric boiling point in the range of −50 to 370° C., said vapor phase having a H01-13-2011
20100140553PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS - Reactive diluent fluid (06-10-2010
20120267578METHODS OF RECYCLING CARBON DIOXIDE TO THE GASIFICATION SYSTEM - Method of producing syngas in an IGCC system, comprising compressing and heating carbon dioxide-rich gas to produce heated compressed carbon dioxide-rich gas, mixing the heated compressed carbon dioxide-rich gas with oxygen and feedstock to form a feedstock mixture, subjecting the feedstock mixture to gasification to produce syngas, cooling the syngas in a radiant syngas cooler, contacting syngas cooled in the radiant syngas cooler with compressed carbon dioxide-rich gas to further cool the syngas, and removing an amount of carbon dioxide-rich gas from the product mixture and compressing the removed carbon dioxide-rich gas prior to mixing with oxygen and feedstock.10-25-2012
20100200811Method for Making Hydrogen Using a Gold Containing Water-Gas Shift Catalyst - The present invention relates to a method for oxidizing CO, comprising: passing a first feed comprising CO and a second feed comprising oxygen, in an oxidation zone, over a catalyst comprising highly dispersed gold on sulfated zirconia, at oxidation conditions, to produce an effluent comprising a lower level of CO than in the first feed.08-12-2010
20100200810SOLID FUEL VOLATILIZATION TO PRODUCE SYNTHESIS GAS - A method comprising contacting a carbon and hydrogen-containing solid fuel and a metal-based catalyst in the presence of oxygen to produce hydrogen gas and carbon monoxide gas, wherein the contacting occurs at a temperature sufficiently high to prevent char formation in an amount capable of stopping production of the hydrogen gas and the carbon monoxide gas is provided. In one embodiment, the metal-based catalyst comprises a rhodium-cerium catalyst. Embodiments further include a system for producing syngas. The systems and methods described herein provide shorter residence time and high selectivity for hydrogen and carbon monoxide.08-12-2010
20110220847Reformer and Method of Operating the Reformer - A method of combustion and a reformer. The method includes combusting a fuel in combustion region of an up-fired or down-fired reformer and forming non-uniform injection properties with a wall-bound burner. The combusting is performed in a combustion region by burners, wherein at least one of the burners is the wall-bound burner forming the non-uniform injection properties. The non-uniform injection properties generate a heat profile providing a first heat density proximal to a wall and a second heat density distal from the wall, the second heat density being greater than the first heat density. The non-uniform injection properties are formed by injection properties selected from an angle of one or more injectors, a flow rate of one or more injectors, an amount and/or location of oxidant injectors, an amount and/or location of fuel injectors, and combinations thereof.09-15-2011
20090230359Steam-Hydrocarbon Reforming Method with Limited Steam Export - A method for generating hydrogen and/or syngas in a production facility where little or no export steam is produced. Most or all of the steam produced from the waste heat from the process is used in the steam-hydrocarbon reformer. Reformed gas is passed to a pressure swing adsorption system for H09-17-2009
20120104322PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS FOR PRODUCING SYNGAS FROM METHANE - Embodiments of a process for producing syngas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide from a gas stream comprising methane are provided. The process comprises the step of contacting the gas stream with a two-component catalyst system comprising an apatite component and a perovskite component at reaction conditions effective to convert the methane to the syngas.05-03-2012
20120104321Steam-Hydrocarbon Reforming with Limited Steam Export - A steam-hydrocarbon reforming process and apparatus wherein reformate from a prereformer is reacted in a gas heated reformer which is heated by reformed gas from a primary reformer. Reformate from the gas heated reformer is passed to the primary reformer as feed gas.05-03-2012
20110101278USE OF A CATALYST BASED ON NOBLE METAL FOR REDUCING THE TAR CONTENT IN GASES RESULTING FROM GASIFICATION PROCESSES - The invention relates to a method for reducing the tar content in gases resulting from a thermochemical gasification process of carbon-containing starting material and includes contacting of at least a part of the gas obtained from the gasification process with a catalyst containing noble metals, wherein the noble metals include at least two noble metals selected from the group consisting of Pt, Pd, Rh, Ir, Os, Ru and Re.05-05-2011
20090242841Combustion Air Preheat Optimization System In An SMR - A process for producing synthesis gas from a furnace, the furnace including a combustion air stream, a convective section and a reformer flue gas stream is presented. The furnace may additionally include a process cooling section and one or several boiler feed water stream. This process includes passing the combustion air stream through a preheat exchanger system in the convective section to preheat the combustion air stream in indirect heat exchange with the reformer flue gas, wherein the temperature of the preheated combustion air is between about 200° F. and about 400° F. The temperature of the preheated combustion air may be between about 225° F. and about 350° F. The temperature of the preheated combustion air may be between about 250° F. and about 325° F. The process may further include passing the boiler feed water stream through heating coils in the process cooling section and the convective section.10-01-2009
20120193581TWO STAGE PROCESS FOR CONVERTING BIOMASS TO SYNGAS - A two stage conversion process for converting biomass to a syngas, wherein the first stage is a gasification stage and the second stage is a combustion stage.08-02-2012
20100264374METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEQUESTERING CARBON DIOXIDE FROM A SPENT GAS - A method and apparatus for sequestering carbon dioxide from a waste gas and reusing it as a recycled gas without emissions concerns, including: given a gas source divided into a process gas and a waste gas: mixing the process gas with a hydrocarbon and feeding a resulting feed gas into a reformer for reforming the feed gas and forming a reducing gas; and feeding at least a portion of the waste gas into a carbon dioxide scrubber for removing at least some carbon dioxide from the waste gas and forming a carbon dioxide lean gas that is mixed with the reducing gas. Optionally, the method also includes feeding at least a portion of the waste gas into the carbon dioxide scrubber for removing at least some carbon dioxide from the waste gas and forming a fuel gas after the addition of a hydrocarbon that is fed into the reformer. Optionally, the gas source and the reducing gas are associated with a direct reduction process for converting iron oxide to metallic iron in a reduction furnace that utilizes the reducing gas, optionally after some modification, and produces the gas source.10-21-2010
20100148122GASIFICATION SYSTEM AND PROCESS WITH STAGED SLURRY ADDITION - A system and process for gasifying carbonaceous feedstock with staged slurry addition in order to prevent the formation of tar that causes deposition problems. Dry solid carbonaceous material is partially combusted, then pyrolysed along with a first slurry stream comprising carbonaceous material in two separate reactor sections, thereby producing mixture products comprising synthesis gas. The second slurry stream comprising particulate carbonaceous material is fed to a drying unit downstream of a heat recovery zone along with the mixture product exiting the heat recovery zone. The resulting final temperature of the second stage mixture products and dried particulate carbonaceous material is between 450° F. and 550° F., a temperature range that is typically not conducive to the emission of heavy molecular-weight tar species.06-17-2010
20100148121REACTOR EMPLOYING CATALYSTS UPON OR WITHIN A CLOTH-LIKE MATERIAL - The present invention provides a reactor containing catalysts that are situated on or within a cloth like material which is either in a filter cake-like shape or a spiral wound reactor configuration. One application is the desulfurization of synthesis gas.06-17-2010
20100155669TAR-FREE GASIFICATION SYSTEM AND PROCESS - A novel tar-free gasification process and system is disclosed that involves the partial combustion of recycled dry solids and the drying of a slurry feedstock comprising carbonaceous material in two separate reactor zones in a two stage gasifier, thereby producing mixture products comprising synthesis gas. The synthesis gas produced from the high temperature first stage reaction zone is then quenched in the second stage reaction zone of the gasifier prior to introduction of a slurry feedstock. The temperature of the final syngas exiting the second stage reaction zone of the gasifier is thereby moderated to be in the range of about 350-900° F., which is below the temperature range at which tar is readily formed, depending upon the type of carbonaceous feedstock utilized.06-24-2010
20100163803PRODUCTION OF GAS PRODUCTS FROM RAW SYNTHESIS GAS - The invention relates to a process for the production of gas products from a raw synthesis gas (feedstock) that is obtained by gasification of carbon and/or heavy oil and that contains largely soot-free hydrogen (H07-01-2010
20100187479PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR REFORMING OF HEAVY AND LIGHT HYDROCARBONS FROM PRODUCT GAS OF BIOMASS GASIFICATION - The invention relates to reactor systems and processes for the production of synthesis gas (a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen) from product gas of biomass gasification. A novel reformer catalyst reactor comprising two reaction zones, each operating at a different temperature with a different catalyst are disclosed. Processes for using the reformer catalyst reactor for the production of synthesis gas from process gas are also disclosed. The disclosed reformers and processes allow economical and highly efficient production of synthesis gas with reduced reliance on noble metal catalysts.07-29-2010
20100176347Method Of Limiting The Maximum Stress Developed In A Hybrid Ion-Conducting Ceramic Membrane - A method of limiting the maximum stress developed in a hybrid ion-conducting ceramic membrane, a startup procedure for a reactor containing such a membrane, a shutdown procedure for a reactor containing such a membrane, and a process for producing a syngas implementing said startup and shutdown procedures are provided.07-15-2010
20100176346PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR CONDUCTING ISOTHERMAL LOW-TEMPERATURE SHIFT REACTION USING A COMPACT BOILER - The invention relates to a process and apparatus for performing steam reforming and water gas shift reaction. Steam reformer product gas comprising H07-15-2010
20100193741PRIMARY REFORMER WITH SECONDARY INLET CHANNELS SUPPLYING THE BURNER - The invention relates to a reactor for catalytic reformation of hydrocarbons with steam at elevated pressure, said reactor comprising a reaction space and a fire space, said reaction space comprised of a multitude of vertical tubes arranged in rows and suitable for being filled with a catalyst, and having facilities for feeding hydrocarbons and steam to be reformed to the reaction space, and furthermore comprising facilities for discharge of reformed synthesis gas from the reaction space, and furthermore comprising a multitude of firing facilities in the upper area of the firing space, said firing facilities being able to generate mainly downwardly directed flames that are suitable to heat the aforementioned reaction tubes, with the tube feeding air to the burner being equipped with a facility for adjusting and setting the air flow, and there being a secondary air feeder mounted additionally to this tube and branching-off from it and configured in various layouts and having an independently controllable facility for adjusting and setting the air flow and also feeding air to the firing device so that a more favorable ratio of fuel gas versus air results at the burners so as to be able to achieve a waste gas poor in nitric oxides.08-05-2010
20100163804METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SUPPLYING SYNTHESIS GAS - A method for supplying synthesis gas comprising reacting a carbonaceous feed with an oxidant, to generate synthesis gas; forwarding all or part of the generated synthesis gas to an underground storage location, to generate a synthesis gas buffer; and retrieving synthesis gas from the underground storage location and supplying the retrieved synthesis gas to a downstream processing unit, which downstream processing unit is substantially continuously converting synthesis gas.07-01-2010
20100213418Method Of Starting A Fuel Processor - In methods for starting a fuel processor, the equivalence ratio of reactants supplied to the fuel processor is controlled in a step-wise procedure to rapidly heat the fuel processor, and optionally sustain it within a desired temperature range until a hydrogen-containing gas stream is needed.08-26-2010
20100237290Method for Producing a Purified Synthesis Gas from a Biomass Including a Purification Step Upstream from the Partial Oxidation - The process that is the object of the invention describes a process whose purpose is to produce a purified synthesis gas from lignocellulosic biomass that includes a pyrolysis stage, a purification stage placed upstream from the partial oxidation stage, and a cooling stage.09-23-2010
20100213417Process and catalyst for hydrocarbon conversion - A process for the conversion of hydrocarbons to hydrogen and one or more oxides of carbon, comprising contacting the hydrocarbon with steam and/or oxygen in the presence of a spinel-phase crystalline catalyst comprising a catalytically active metal. There is also described a method for making a catalyst suitable for the conversion of hydrocarbons to hydrogen and one or more oxides of carbon comprising adding a precipitant to a solution or suspension of a refractory oxide or precursor thereof and a catalyst metal-containing compound to form a precipitate which is calcined in an oxygen-containing atmosphere to produce a crystalline phase with a high dispersion of catalyst metal. There is further described a crystalline catalyst comprising the elements nickel, magnesium, aluminium and a lanthanide element, in which the crystalline phase is a spinel phase.08-26-2010
20100224835Production of synthesis gas through controlled oxidation of biomass - A process for producing synthesis gas from biomass in which biomass is contacted with oxygen and steam, wherein the oxygen is present in an amount effective to oxidize the biomass partially and to heat the biomass to a temperature of at least 500° C. and no greater than 750° C. At least a portion of the partially oxidized biomass then is treated with oxygen and steam to heat the biomass to a temperature of at least 800° C., thereby producing a synthesis gas, which then is recovered.09-09-2010
20120138860METHOD OF CONVERTING CARBON DIOXIDE, AND METHOD OF CAPTURING AND CONVERTING CARBON DIOXIDE - A method of converting CO06-07-2012
20120193580Enhancement Of Syngas Production In Coal Gasification With CO2 Conversion Under Plasma Conditions - A process and apparatus for enhancement of syngas production (CO and H08-02-2012
20100140552Method For Controlling A Reforming Reaction By Measurement Of The Temperature Of The Reforming Tubes And Functional Parameter Modification - The invention relates to a method for controlling a hydrocarbon vapor reforming reaction using a combustion chamber containing burners and tubes, said tubes being filled with catalysts and capable of being crossed by a mixture of hydrocarbons and vapor, the burners being arranged so as to transfer their combustion heat to the mixture of hydrocarbons and vapor through the walls of the tubes, wherein the temperature T of the wall of each tube is measured in the downstream part of the tube, and if for at least one tube, the measured temperature is higher or equal to the MOT (DTT−15° C.), DTT being the design temperature of the measured tube, the functional parameters of the reforming method are then modified so as to decrease the measured temperature T of this tube down to a value lower than the MOT.06-10-2010
20100243961SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR QUENCHING, GAS CLEAN UP, AND ASH REMOVAL - A method, apparatus, and system for a solar-driven chemical plant are disclosed. An embodiment may include a solar thermal receiver aligned to absorb concentrated solar energy from one or more solar energy concentrating fields. A solar driven chemical reactor may include multiple reactor tubes located inside the solar thermal receiver. The multiple reactor tubes can be used to gasify particles of biomass in the presence of a carrier gas. The gasification reaction may produce reaction products that include hydrogen and carbon monoxide gas having an exit temperature from the tubes exceeding 1000 degrees C. An embodiment can include a quench zone immediately downstream of an exit of the chemical reactor. The quench zone may immediately quench via rapid cooling of at least the hydrogen and carbon monoxide reaction products within 0.1-10 seconds of exiting the chemical reactor to a temperature of 800 degrees C. or less.09-30-2010
20120241677VARIOUS METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR A RADIANT-HEAT DRIVEN CHEMICAL REACTOR - Heat-transfer-aid particles entrained with 1) biomass particles, 2) reactant gas, or 3) both are fed into the radiant heat chemical reactor. The inner wall of a cavity and the tubes of the chemical reactor act as radiation distributors by either absorbing radiation and re-radiating it to the heat-transfer-aid particles or reflecting the incident radiation to the heat-transfer-aid particles. The radiation is absorbed by the heat-transfer-aid particles, and the heat is then transferred by conduction to the reacting gas at temperatures between 900° C. and 1600° C. The heat-transfer-aid particles mix with the reactant gas in the radiant heat chemical reactor to sustain the reaction temperature and heat transfer rate to stay within a pyrolysis regime. The heat-transfer-aid particles produce a sufficient heat surface-area to mass ratio of these particles when dispersed with the reactant gas to stay within the pyrolysis regime during the chemical reaction.09-27-2012
20120241676METHOD FOR GASIFICATION OF CARBON-CONTAINING MATERIALS BY THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF METHANE AND CONVERSION OF CARBON DIOXIDE - The present invention relates to a method for gasification of carbon-containing materials, and more specifically, to a method for gasification of carbon-containing materials which allows an increase in carbon efficiency and a reduction in carbon dioxide emission, comprising the steps of: gasification of carbon-containing materials to methane; thermal decomposition of CH09-27-2012
20120241678METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGEN COMBINED WITH CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE - The present invention relates to a method for the combined production of hydrogen and carbon dioxide from a hydrocarbon mixture, in which the hydrocarbon mixture is reformed to produce a syngas which is cooled, then enriched with H2 and CO2, optionally dried, and treated in a PSA hydrogen purification unit to produce hydrogen, the PSA offgas being treated to capture the CO2 and to supply an offgas. This offgas is again treated to supply a stream enriched with H2 and CO2 which is returned to the PSA, where it constitutes a second feed distinct from the main feed.09-27-2012
20120241675Carbon Absorbing System Used in the Production of Synthesis Gas - A system for the production of synthesis gas and, for the production thereof, where the system is preferably a net carbon dioxide absorber. The invention covers both the methodology for the development of the process and the system for the implementation of the process, inclusive of the required utility systems.09-27-2012
20100127217METHOD FOR THE ONLINE ANALYSIS OF A VAPOUR PHASE PROCESS STREAM - A method for the on-line analysis of a process stream, which process stream is a feedstream to or an exit stream from a steam reformer, which process stream has a temperature of at least 200° C., the components of which process stream are in the vapour phase, which method comprises: (a) taking a slipstream from the process stream; (b) cooling the slipstream to a temperature above its dew point; (c) analysing the cooled slipstream by near infra-red (NIR) spectroscopy to obtain a spectrum characterising NIR-absorbing components of the process stream; and (d) correlating the spectrum obtained to established calibration models from NIR spectroscopy using chemometric techniques to determine the concentration of, and/or to determine the partial pressure of one or more of the NIR-absorbing components of the process stream.05-27-2010
20090108238CATALYST FOR REFORMING HYDROCARBONS - A catalyst for reforming hydrocarbons comprising a precious metal, preferably selected from the group consisting of rhodium, platinum, palladium, osmium, iridium, ruthenium, rhenium, and combinations thereof deposited on a support, wherein the support is produced from a mixture of a low surface area material and a high surface area material.04-30-2009
20130134359ULTRA HIGH TEMPERATURE SHIFT CATALYST WITH LOW METHANATION - A catalytic water gas shift process at temperatures above about 450° C. up to about 900° C. or so wherein the catalyst includes rhenium deposited on a support, preferably without a precious metal, wherein the support is prepared from a high surface area material, such as a mixed metal oxide, particularly a mixture of zirconia and ceria, to which may be added one or more of a high surface area transitional alumina, an alkali or alkaline earth metal dopant and/or an additional dopant selected from Ga, Nd, Pr, W, Ge, Fe, oxides thereof and mixtures thereof.05-30-2013
20100301273BIOMASS GASIFICATION METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCTION OF SYNGAS WITH A RICH HYDROGEN CONTENT - A biomass gasification method and apparatus for production of syngas with arich hydrogen content. In the gasification process the gasification energy is supplied by the sensible heat carried by a high temperature agent combined with the heat released by the chemical reaction between calicined lime and carbon dioxide.12-02-2010
20100301274Method For Producing Synthesis Gas by Steam Reforming - The present invention relates to a process for the steam reforming of a hydrocarbon mixture in order to produce synthesis gas.12-02-2010
20110240926METHOD FOR OXIDATIVE COUPLING OF METHANE AND PRODUCING SYNGAS - Process for preparing hydrogen and carbon monoxide (synthesis gas) by endothermic, catalytic gas phase oxidation of hydrocarbons with steam and carbon dioxide, and for simultaneous preparation of ethylene by exothermic, heterogeneously catalyzed, oxidative coupling of methane, wherein the particular reactions are performed in at least three series-connected reaction zones under adiabatic conditions, and wherein the heat of reaction of the exothermic, heterogeneously catalyzed, oxidative coupling of methane is supplied to the endothermic, catalytic gas phase oxidation of hydrocarbons with steam and carbon dioxide.10-06-2011
20110012064ACTIVE REFORMER - The invention provides an apparatus and method for producing synthetic gas. The apparatus has a pyrolysis chamber (01-20-2011
20110127470METHOD FOR TREATING ALTERNATIVE, CARBON-CONTAINING, LOW-CALORIC WASTE MATERIALS FOR USE IN FURNACE SYSTEMS - In a method for treating alternative, carbon-containing, low-caloric waste materials for use in furnace systems, in particular rotary tubular kilns for the production of clinker, the carbon-containing, alternative fuels are subjected to high-temperature gasification under anoxic conditions at temperatures above 1000° C., wherein water, water vapor or CO06-02-2011
20100181539SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DUAL FLUIDIZED BED GASIFICATION - A system, for production of high-quality syngas, comprising a first dual fluidized bed loop having a fluid bed conditioner operable to produce high quality syngas comprising a first percentage of components other than CO and H07-22-2010
20100133474THERMALLY COUPLED MONOLITH REACTOR - The invention comprises, in one form thereof, a chemical processing method to thermally contact an endothermic and an exothermic reaction without mixing the two streams, utilizing a thermally coupled monolith reactor (TCMR). A ceramic or metal monolith is modified to produce a structure containing at least two sets of discrete flow paths and which are separated by a number of common walls. Manifolds are arranged such that one reaction mixture flows through one set of channels and a different reaction mixture flows through the second. Catalytic material, which is active for the relevant reaction, is coated onto the inner walls of each of the sets of channels. The two reactions are chosen such that one is exothermic and one is endothermic, such that the energy required by the endothermic process is supplied directly through the dividing wall from the exothermic process occurring on the opposing side. This method of heat transfer completely decouples the gas phase hydrodynamics from the heat transfer process.06-03-2010
20120068120SYNGAS PRODUCTION METHOD03-22-2012
20110031439PROCESSES FOR HYDROMETHANATION OF A CARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK - The present invention relates to processes for preparing gaseous products, and in particular a hydrogen product stream and optionally a methane product stream, via the hydromethanation of carbonaceous feedstocks in the presence of steam, carbon monoxide, hydrogen and a hydromethanation catalyst.02-10-2011
20110127469Process For Decreasing Or Eliminating Unwanted Hydrocarbon And Oxygenate Products Caused By Fisher Tropsch Synthesis Reactions In A Syngas Treatment Unit - The present invention provides a process for decreasing or eliminating unwanted hydrocarbon and oxygenate products caused by FTS reactions in a syngas treatment unit by utilizing heat exchangers and optionally associated pipes that are substantially fabricated of a material selected from the group consisting of chromium containing alloys and carbon steel for heating up gas streams having a carbon monoxide partial pressure of less than or equal to one bar and obtained from a front end purification unit/cold box unit.06-02-2011
20110042619OPERATION METHOD OF SYNTHESIS GAS REFORMER IN GTL PLANT - An operation method of a synthesis gas reformer of a GTL (gas to liquids) plant is provided with: setting an operation condition of the synthesis gas reformer; determining control target values of a flow rate of the light hydrocarbon gas, the steam, and the CO02-24-2011
20110240925METHOD FOR PRODUCING SYNGAS - Process for the endothermic, catalytic gas phase oxidation of hydrocarbons with steam and carbon dioxide to hydrogen and carbon monoxide (synthesis gas), performed in 5 to 30 series-connected reaction zones under adiabatic conditions.10-06-2011
20110240924Operation of Staged Membrane Oxidation Reactor Systems - A method of operating a multi-stage ion transport membrane oxidation system. The method comprises providing a multi-stage ion transport membrane oxidation system with at least a first membrane oxidation stage and a second membrane oxidation stage, operating the ion transport membrane oxidation system at operating conditions including a characteristic temperature of the first membrane oxidation stage and a characteristic temperature of the second membrane oxidation stage; and controlling the production capacity and/or the product quality by changing the characteristic temperature of the first membrane oxidation stage and/or changing the characteristic temperature of the second membrane oxidation stage.10-06-2011
20110240923Process for Preventing Polymerization of Cracked Volatile Products During Pyrolysis and Gasification - The present invention is directed towards a process of preparing a catalyzed carbonaceous material and preventing polymerization of cracked volatile products during pyrolysis or gasification of carbonaceous materials.10-06-2011
20110084237PROTON CONDUCTING MEMBRANES FOR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION AND SEPARATION - In one embodiment, a membrane of proton-electron conducting ceramics that is useful for the conversion of a hydrocarbon and steam to hydrogen has a porous support of M′-Sr04-14-2011
20110147667Method of Operating Ruthenium Catalyst Reactor - A catalytic reactor including: a reaction container filled with a catalyst having ruthenium; and an introduction part for introducing a material fluid to the reaction container. The reaction container is supplied with a mixed gas as material fluid to produce synthetic gas containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide in the presence of the catalyst. The introduction part is connected to the reaction container in a horizontal direction or a direction inclined downward from above a horizontal plane, and a height of the catalyst filled in the reaction container is adjusted above a height at which the material fluid is fed from the introduction part to the reaction container. Also, a method of using the catalytic reactor including monitoring a molar ratio of carbon and oxygen contained in the material fluid and stopping the supply of an oxygen-containing gas to the reaction container before the molar ratio becomes excessively low.06-23-2011
20090212259Method and Apparatus for Manufacturing Hydrogen-Containing Gas - There is provided a technique for manufacturing a hydrogen-containing gas. An oxygen-containing gas is mixed with a feed gas obtained by mixing steam with a hydrocarbon fuel, this mixture is introduced into a catalytic reaction chamber, and a partial oxidation reaction and a steam reforming reaction are conducted to obtain a hydrogen-containing gas. In this reforming, an antechamber of the catalytic reaction chamber is heated up to a self-ignition temperature in a first catalyst section, where the self-ignition temperature is the temperature at which a mixed gas self-ignites during the advection period required for the mixed gas to move from a mixing chamber to the catalytic reaction chamber, with this temperature being at least a minimum partial-oxidation temperature and lower than a minimum steam reforming temperature.08-27-2009
20120199795Enhanced plasma gasifiers for producing syngas - A plasma gasification reactor, and process for its operation, with one or both of, first, a quench zone within an upper part of a top section of the reactor and, second, feed ports through a lateral wall of a middle section of the reactor for supplying feed material to a feed bed within the middle section and the feed ports located proximate the feed bed. The quench zone is provided with nozzles for introducing a fluid to reduce the temperature of molten solid bits sufficiently to minimize their sticking within external ductwork. The middle section feed port arrangement assists in more thorough reaction of light particles in the feed material that may otherwise exit with gaseous products.08-09-2012
20100065781Device for Gasification of Biomass and Organic Waste Under High Temperature and with an External Energy Supply in Order to Generate a High-Quality Synthetic Gas - The invention relates to a device for gasification of material comprising: 03-18-2010
20100065782PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A PURIFIED SYNTHESIS GAS STREAM - A process for producing a purified synthesis gas stream from a feed synthesis gas stream comprising hydrogen sulphide, carbonyl sulphide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide and ammonia besides the main constituents carbon monoxide and hydrogen, the process comprising the steps of: (a) contacting one part of the feed synthesis gas stream with methanol at low temperature and at elevated pressure to remove hydrogen sulphide, carbonyl sulphide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen cyanide and ammonia, thereby obtaining methanol enriched in these compounds and a synthesis gas stream depleted in these compounds; (b) contacting another part of the feed synthesis gas stream with a water gas shift catalyst in the presence of water to react at least part of the carbon monoxide with water, thereby obtaining a shifted synthesis gas stream enriched in hydrogen and in carbon dioxide; (c) contacting the shifted synthesis gas stream with methanol at low temperature and at elevated pressure to remove carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, carbonyl sulphide and ammonia, thereby obtaining solvent enriched in these compounds and a gas stream mainly comprising hydrogen and depleted in carbon dioxide; (d) contacting the synthesis gas stream obtained in step (a) and optionally the gas stream obtained in step (c) with a first solid adsorbent comprising sulphur-impregnated activated carbon and/or activated carbon to remove metals and/or metal carbonyl compounds to obtain a synthesis gas stream depleted in metals and/or metal carbonyl compounds; (e) contacting the synthesis gas stream depleted in metals and/or metal carbonyl compounds in the presence of water with a second solid adsorbent comprising one or more metals or oxides of the metals or combinations thereof, wherein the metals are selected from the group of Ag, Sn, Mo, Fe and Zn at elevated temperature to obtain the purified synthesis gas stream03-18-2010
20110073809Reduction Of CO2 Emissions From A Steam Methane Reformer And/Or Autothermal Reformer Using H2 As A Fuel - A process for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from a reforming process is provided. This method includes producing a hot crude syngas stream in a reformer; indirectly exchanging heat between the hot crude syngas stream and a process stream, thereby generating a cool crude syngas stream; and introducing the cool crude syngas stream into a first separation means, thereby producing a syngas stream and a fuel hydrogen stream. The present invention also includes introducing the syngas stream into a second separation means, thereby producing a product syngas stream, and a carbon dioxide rich stream; blending the fuel hydrogen stream with a hydrocarbon stream, thereby producing a blended fuel stream; and introducing the blended fuel stream into a reformer, thereby generating an exhaust stream that has a lower percentage of carbon dioxide than it would without the introduction of the fuel hydrogen stream.03-31-2011
20110042621PRE-REFORMER WITH EXTENDED SURFACE AND METHOD - Apparatus, system, and method for producing syngas. The apparatus can include a first reformer, which can include a radiant section having a reformer tube disposed therein. The reformer tube can be at least partially filled with a first catalyst. The first reformer can also include a transition section coupled to the radiant section, a convective section coupled to the transition section, and a plurality of pre-reformer tubes disposed in the transition section. The plurality of pre-reformer tubes can be filled with a second catalyst and fluidly coupled to the reformer tube via a line external to the plurality of pre-reformer tubes. At least one of the plurality of pre-reformer tubes can have at least one extended surface disposed thereon. The second reformer can be coupled to the reformer tube and to an oxidant source. The third reformer can be coupled to the second reformer and to the reformer tube.02-24-2011
20110017953Process for the Preparation of a Catalytic Specie Using Electro-Deposition - Process for the preparation of a catalytic specie consisting essentially of a metallic support, which is coated with a ceramic active phase layer, mainly compound of the general formula (I):01-27-2011
20110248218Methods for gasification of carbonaceous materials - The present disclosure is generally directed to process of gasification of carbonaceous materials to produce synthesis gas or syngas. The present disclosure provides improved methods of gasification comprising adding a molecular oxygen-containing gas and optionally adding water into said gasifier. This disclosure is also directed to process of production of one or more alcohols from said syngas via fermentation or digestion in the presence of at least one microorganism.10-13-2011
20090289227Production of Fuel Materials Utilizing Waste Carbon Dioxide and Hydrogen from Renewable Resources - The present invention is directed to a method for utilizing CO11-26-2009
20080315158Process For Obtaining Hydrogen From Natural Gas - The invention relates to a process for obtaining hydrogen from natural gas which comprises (a) reacting the natural gas with a mixture of air and steam in a single reactor to obtain a gas comprising H12-25-2008
20090127512ENHANCED PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS STARTING FROM OXYGENATED COMPOUNDS DERIVING FROM BIOMASSES - The present invention relates to a catalytic partial oxidation process for the production of synthesis gas starting from oxygenated compounds deriving from biomasses, comprising at least the following operative phase: reacting, in a suitable reactor, a reaction mixture comprising: a) one or more oxygenated compounds selected from glycerine, ethanol, triglycerides of fatty acids, carbohydrates having the general formula C05-21-2009
20080272340Method for Producing Syngas with Low Carbon Dioxide Emission - The invention concerns a method for producing syngas by means of a syngas producing unit comprising: at least one syngas producing reactor producing from hydrocarbons: a crude syngas comprising hydrogen, CO and CO11-06-2008
20080308769Method for Simultaneously Producing Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide - The invention relates to a method for simultaneously producing hydrogen and carbon monoxide consisting in generating a synthesis gas and in processing it by decarbonising and removing water and remaining carbon dioxide by passing said gas through a bed of adsorbents, in separating remaining components by forming at least one H2-rich flow, a CO flow containing at least one type of impurity selected from nitrogen and argon, a methane-rich purge gas flow and a flash gas flow. The inventive method also consists in regenerating the bed of adsorbents by passing a regeneration gas comprising at least one non-zero proportion of the formed H2flow and in recycling at least the purge and flash gases for feeding the synthesis gas generation stage.12-18-2008
20100327231METHOD OF PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS - A method of producing synthesis gas is provided. A reactor vessel having a single reaction zone is provided. A catalyst is placed in the single reaction zone. A feed stream is introduced into the single reaction zone, the feed stream comprising a hydrocarbon gas and an oxygen-containing gas. The hydrocarbon gas and the oxygen-containing gas are reacted in the single reaction zone to form a synthesis gas. The synthesis gas is withdrawn from the single reaction zone in a synthesis gas stream.12-30-2010
20120168680Compact Fuel Processor - A fuel processor for producing a hydrogen-containing product stream from a fuel stream and an oxidant stream incorporates a particulate filter assembly comprising a plurality of filter segments separated by expansion joints to accommodate dimensional changes that result from temperature fluctuations. Other embodiments of a fuel processor incorporate, instead or in addition, one or more of: a flame rod as a temperature sensing device for a reforming reaction; a two-sleeve concentric type heat exchanger; a mixing tube manufactured from an alumina-silica based material; and a wet blanket type of insulation.07-05-2012
20100044643Low NOx Gasification Startup System - Disclosed is a low NO02-25-2010
20110042620Apparatus, Systems, And Processes for Producing Syngas and Products Therefrom - Apparatus, systems, and processes for reforming hydrocarbons are provided. The process can include reforming a first hydrocarbon in the presence of steam and one or more first catalysts in a first reformer to produce a first reformed hydrocarbon. The process can also include reforming the first reformed hydrocarbon in the presence of one or more second catalysts in a second reformer to produce a second reformed hydrocarbon. The process can also include reforming a second hydrocarbon in the presence of steam and one or more third catalysts in a third reformer to produce a third reformed hydrocarbon, where heat from the second reformed hydrocarbon is transferred to the second hydrocarbon to support reforming of the second hydrocarbon.02-24-2011
20110084236Steam Reforming Process With Improved Flue Gas Flow - A process and an installation for producing a synthesis gas by catalytic steam reforming of a charge of hydrocarbons is provided.04-14-2011
20100283009GASIFICATION SYSTEMS AND ASSOCIATED PROCESSES - Gasification systems and associated processes are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a gasification process includes simultaneously supplying a carbonaceous material and steam to a gasifier, the gasifier containing a liquid volume containing at least about 10% by weight of iron oxide (Fe11-11-2010
20100181537METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR TREATING A GASIFICATION SLAG PRODUCT - The current invention discloses a novel process and system to improve the quality of the slag product from a gasification process, thereby producing low-carbon marketable aggregate product. The inventive processes and systems employ a hindered-bed settler in conjunction with optional disengager and de-watering devices. A slag slurry stream from a gasification process is de-watered and the solids content is increased from less than 5% to greater than 30% via the de-waterer before being conveyed to a hindered-bed settler, wherein the carbon content is reduced from as much as 70% to less than 5%. Particles with a high carbon content are conveyed to a gravity settler, whereby they are concentrated and then recycled to the gasification reactor.07-22-2010
20100181538COATED SUSCEPTOR FOR A HIGH-TEMPERATURE FURNACE AND FURNACE COMPRISING SUCH A SUSCEPTOR - A high-temperature furnace (07-22-2010
20120145965VARIOUS METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR AN ULTRA-HIGH HEAT FLUX CHEMICAL REACTOR - Various processes and apparatus are discussed for an ultra-high heat flux chemical reactor. A thermal receiver and the reactor tubes are aligned to 1) absorb and re-emit radiant energy, 2) highly reflect radiant energy, and 3) any combination of these, to maintain an operational temperature of the enclosed ultra-high heat flux chemical reactor. Particles of biomass are gasified in the presence of a steam carrier gas and methane in a simultaneous steam reformation and steam biomass gasification reaction to produce reaction products that include hydrogen and carbon monoxide gas using the ultra-high heat flux thermal energy radiated from the inner wall and then into the multiple reactor tubes. The multiple reactor tubes and cavity walls of the receiver transfer energy primarily by radiation absorption and re-radiation, rather than by convection or conduction, to the reactants in the chemical reaction to drive the endothermic chemical reaction flowing in the reactor tubes.06-14-2012
20110095234METHOD OF TREATING A HOT SYNGAS STREAM FOR CONVERSION TO CHEMICAL PRODUCTS BY REMOVING AMMONIA AND COS - A method for the high removal of ammonia, COS and HCN from syngas (along with some polishing of particulates) in a cost effective and environmentally benign and sustainable fashion, with the need for little to no chemical addition by using a combination of water based gas scrubbing, HCN scrubbing and biological processing steps.04-28-2011
20110095233Production of Synthesis Gas - A method of producing Synthesis Gas is provided which includes combining the product of a coal gasification reaction with the product of a methane reforming reaction. The coal gasification and methane reforming reactions can take place either in the same vessel or in separate vessels.04-28-2011
20130009101GAS DEACIDIZING METHOD USING AN ABSORBENT SOLUTION WITH COS REMOVAL THROUGH HYDROLYSIS - The method deacidifies a gas including H01-10-2013
20110260113Water Gas Shift Reactor System for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Power Generation Systems - The present application thus provides an integrated gasification combined cycle system. The integrated gasification combined cycle system may include a water gas shift reactor system and a heat recovery steam generator. The water gas shift reactor system may include a recirculation system with a recirculation heat exchanger to heat a flow of syngas. The heat recovery steam generator may include a diverted water flow in communication with the recirculation heat exchanger.10-27-2011
20110186783Method and Apparatus for Reducing CO2 in a Stream by Conversion to a Syngas for Production of Energy - A system and method for producing Syngas from the CO08-04-2011
20110133126VERTICAL CYLINDRICAL REACTOR WITH THIN CATALYST BED - An axial thin-film reactor for carrying out catalytic reactions in the gas phase, comprising a cylindrical pressure casing, a device for letting in a gaseous reactant stream, a device for letting out a gaseous product stream, a device for receiving a catalyst bed arranged vertically in the reaction chamber and isolated from the reactor wall at the sides and at the ends so as to produce two separate chambers for the gaseous reactant stream and the gaseous product stream that are sealed with respect to one another and have two gas-permeable bounding walls arranged plane-parallel to one another. The device is designed in such a way that it has a height-to-thickness ratio greater than 1 and the catalyst bed has a height-to-thickness ratio greater than 1.06-09-2011
20110147666FLUX ADDITION AS A FILTER CONDITIONER - Improvements in a gasification system and process for gasifying carbonaceous feedstock with improved energy efficiency. Improved methods and systems for more efficient removal of particulates from a raw synthesis gas while simultaneously providing a novel mechanism for fluxing agent addition to the gasification reactor. A conditioning agent, in the form of coarse fluxing agent particles, is added to the raw synthesis gas upstream from the particle filtration unit. The conditioning agent allows more rapid turnaround of the filtration unit following filter element replacement, extend filter life, facilitates the removal of filter cake from the particle filters, and combines with removed filter cake for recycling to the gasifier. Addition of fluxing agent via this route eliminates the need to premix fluxing agent with the carbonaceous feedstock, thereby maximizing the rate of feedstock addition to the gasification reactor.06-23-2011
20110147665Microchannel Technology Having Structures With Reduced Material and Enhanced Volumetric Productivity - Novel designs for microchannel apparatus are described in which microchannels are shaped to reduce the amount of material needed to build an apparatus. In these designs, some microchannels are shaped, in cross-section, to provide relatively more structural material in areas of greatest stress, while leaving greater area for unit operations in areas of the apparatus that are subjected to relatively less stress.06-23-2011
20110114892CATALYST FOR PREPARING SYNTHESIS GAS FROM NATURAL GAS AND CARBON DIOXIDE, AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed are a catalyst for preparing synthesis gas from natural gas and carbon dioxide, and a method for preparing the same. More particularly, a combined reforming process is performed as an economical way of using carbon dioxide, wherein steam reforming of natural gas is carried out simultaneously with carbon dioxide reforming of methane in such a manner that a predetermined ratio of carbon monoxide/carbon dioxide/hydrogen (H05-19-2011
20110024687CYCLIC CATALYTIC UPGRADING OF CHEMICAL SPECIES USING METAL OXIDE MATERIALS - Processes are disclosure which comprise alternately contacting an oxygen-carrying catalyst with a reducing substance, or a lower partial pressure of an oxidizing gas, and then with the oxidizing gas or a higher partial pressure of the oxidizing gas, whereby the catalyst is alternately reduced and then regenerated to an oxygenated state. In certain embodiments, the oxygen-carrying catalyst comprises at least one metal oxide-containing material containing a composition having the following formulas: (a) Ce02-03-2011
20100038594System and Method for Integrated Waste Storage - The present invention provides integrated bunker storage systems for waste streams based on the composition and characteristics of waste streams. In particular, the present invention provides a process for generating individual waste streams based on a set of material characteristics. According to the system and method of the present invention, individual waste streams from wastes stored in bunkers are mixed in a given feed ratio to generate a feed stock that will produce a desired output from a chemical conversion process, e.g., gasification. Optionally, composition data regarding the feed stock can be certified to a third party.02-18-2010
20100276641METHOD OF MAKING SYNGAS AND APPARATUS THEREFOR - Syngas is formed by combining a carbon source with steam at an elevated temperature in a generally horizontal reactor. The heat for the reaction is provided by a stoichiometric combustion nozzle at a first end of the horizontal reaction chamber. The carbon source is deposited downwardly into the reaction chamber where it combines with a flowing stream of hot gas formed from the stoichiometric combustion in combination with steam and additional oxygen, if necessary. This flowing stream of gas reacts with the deposited carbon feed source and is directed to a cyclone separator where the formed syngas is recovered from an upper portion of the separator and any formed ash is directed into a collection tank.11-04-2010
20080265212Sulfur-tolerant and carbon-resistant catalysts - The invention relates to novel bimetallic and trimetallic catalysts, their manufacture and use in both steam reforming and oxidative steam reforming of liquid fuels such as jet fuels, diesel fuels and gasoline to produce synthesis gas and/or hydrogen for fuel cell applications. The invention further relates to manufacture of synthesis gas and/or hydrogen gas for chemicals synthesis and fuel processing. The catalysts have high sulfur tolerance and carbon resistance when used in steam reforming and/or oxidative steam reforming of heavy hydrocarbon fuels.10-30-2008
20090114881Process for Conversion of Natural Gas to Syngas Using a Solid Oxidizing Agent - A process for the conversion of natural gas to syngas. The process uses a solid oxidizing agent in place of an oxidizing gas for the partial oxidation of the natural gas.05-07-2009
20110315931NANOPARTICLE CATALYSTS AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME FOR BIOMASS GASIFICATION - A nanoalloy catalyst, dual catalyst and methods for improving the efficiency and output of a biomass gasification process are provided where the catalysts comprise a volatile organometallic compound(s) and/or a nanoalloy catalyst. The subject nanoalloy catalyst cracks and gasifies lignin, which is generally inert in conventional gasification, at relatively low gasification temperatures. The subject disclosure also provides a means to increase gas yields and lower lignin content in the resulting product relative to conventional gasification. Alternatively, oil production may be increased, if desired. Moreover, the resulting gas may achieve a Fischer-Tropsch reactor favorable H12-29-2011
20110101277CHROMIUM-FREE WATER GAS SHIFT CATALYST - Catalyst for use in the high temperature shift reaction comprising in its active form a mixture of zinc alumina spinel and zinc oxide in combination with an alkali metal selected from the group consisting of Na, K, Rb, Cs and mixtures thereof.05-05-2011
20090152500Iron-Based Water Gas Shift Catalyst - The present development is a catalyst for use in water gas shift processes, a method for making the catalyst and a method of using the catalyst. The catalyst is composed of iron oxide, copper oxide, zinc oxide, alumina, and optionally, potassium oxide, and is produced using a hydrothermal synthesis process. The catalyst demonstrates surprising activity for conversion of carbon monoxide under high to moderate temperature shift reaction conditions.06-18-2009
20110155958METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DRYING AND GASIFICATION OF BIOMASS - In some variations, this invention provides a method of drying and gasifying a carbon-containing feedstock, comprising combusting methane to generate heat and a flue gas; drying the carbon-containing feedstock using part of the flue gas; and gasifying the dried feedstock to generate syngas. Some embodiments provide an apparatus for drying comprising a vessel; a primary channel for flowing the solid feedstock and a gas for drying the solid feedstock; a secondary channel for flowing the gas; and a plurality of internal screens or sieve plates suitable for passage of the gas. Other variations provide an apparatus including a primary vessel having a channel for axially flowing the solid feedstock; a pipe contained within the primary vessel, with a plurality of openings for radially distributing a gas for drying the solid feedstock; and a plurality of exit ports at the walls for removal of the gas from the primary vessel.06-30-2011
20120056132Systems and Processes for Processing Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide - In various implementations, various feed gas streams which include hydrogen and carbon monoxide may be processed for conversion to product streams. For example, the feed gas stream may be processed using the Fischer-Tropsch process or a methanol synthesis process. Unconverted hydrogen and carbon monoxide can be recycled at high recovery and/or inert components removed to prevent build-up in the recycle system by using an arrangement of pressure swing adsorption systems designed to recover impure product gas streams.03-08-2012
20120007025NICKEL/LANTHANA CATALYST FOR PRODUCING SYNGAS - The present invention relates to a nickel/lanthana-(Ni/La01-12-2012
20110089378CARBON DIOXIDE REFORMING PROCESS - A synthetic gas containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide is efficiently obtained by reacting a hydrocarbon feedstock gas with carbon dioxide under pressure, while suppressing carbon deposition. The pressure is preferably 3 atmospheres (0.304 MPa), and used is a carbon dioxide reforming catalyst that contains at least one alkaline earth metal carbonate a catalytic metal promoting the decomposition reaction of a hydrocarbon feedstock gas, at least one alkaline earth metal selected from the group consisting of Ca, Sr, and Ba, and a complex oxide containing at least one component selected from the group consisting of Ti, Al, Zr, Fe, W, and Mo, such as ATiO04-21-2011
20100294994PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS AND HYDROGEN STARTING FROM LIQUID OR GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS - A process is described for producing synthesis gas and hydrogen starting from liquid hydrocarbon feedstocks, possibly also mixed with gaseous hydrocarbon streams, comprising at least the following operations: 1) nebulizing/vaporizing a stream of a liquid hydrocarbon feedstock consisting of one or more of the following hydrocarbons: naphthas, various kinds of gas oils, such as LCO, HCO and VGO, other products of refining cycles and oil up-grading, such as DAO, other heavy residues, at a N temperature ranging from 50 to 500° C. and a pressure of 2 to 50 atm, the nebulization also being effected with the help of a gaseous propellant, possibly with the addition of CO11-25-2010
20120061619PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON MONOXIDE CONTAINING GAS - Process for the preparation of hydrogen and carbon monoxide containing gas from a gaseous carbonaceous feedstock by performing the following steps: (a) auto-thermal reforming of a gaseous feedstock thereby obtaining a first gaseous mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, (b) catalytic steam reforming of the gaseous carbonaceous feedstock to obtain a second gaseous mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide by feeding steam and the gaseous carbonaceous feedstock through a first set of numerous microchannels provided with a steam reforming catalyst and feeding the first gaseous mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide through a second set of numerous microchannels, wherein the first and second set of microchannels are oriented such that the required heat for the steam reforming reaction in the first set of microchannels is provided by convective heat exchange from the second set of microchannels, thereby obtaining the hydrogen and carbon monoxide containing gas as the effluent of the second set of microchannels.03-15-2012
20120061618Plasma gasification reactors with modified carbon beds and reduced coke requirements - A carbonaceous bed in a reactor includes carbon bearing material that is not coke and rather includes natural wood blocks or bricks formed of non-coke carbonaceous material in a binder along with, as options, other constituents such as catalysts and fluxing agents. The bed reduces the amount of coke required in processes such as for syngas production. Such non-coke units are applicable to an original carbonaceous bed in a reactor and also to replenishment of reacted carbon in the original bed. The bed may include ungasified carbon particulate matter separated from gaseous reaction products of a gasification reactor, either in non-coke bricks or otherwise applied, as may other carbonaceous material often regarded as waste such as spent potliner material from aluminum making and soot residue from a gasification reactor. Certain reactor structural modifications can also result in reduced consumption of carbon in a bed.03-15-2012
20100133475Catalyst for removing metal carbonyl, process for producing mixed reformed gas containing hydrogen, process for removing metal carbonyl, and fuel cell system - The present invention relates to a catalyst for removing a metal carbonyl which comprises a nickel-containing catalyst component and copper, said copper being present in an amount of 0.001 to 250% by weight in terms of metallic copper on the basis of a weight of the nickel contained in the catalyst component. The catalyst may further contain, if required, zinc oxide, a clay mineral, or a clay mineral supporting at least one element having an average particle diameter of not more than 50 nm which is selected from the group consisting of ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, platinum, gold, silver, palladium, nickel, cobalt, copper, iron, zinc, vanadium and manganese. When using the catalyst, it is possible to produce a mixed reformed gas from hydrocarbons, and remove a metal carbonyl in a reforming reaction field.06-03-2010
20090026419Partial oxidation of hydrocarbons - A process of catalytic partial oxidation of hydrocarbons, particularly methane and/or natural gas to form a product containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide where the first catalyst at the inlet has a lower surface area than that of a second catalyst closer to the outlet.01-29-2009
20100237291SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SOLAR-THERMAL GASIFICATION OF BIOMASS - A method, apparatus, and system for a solar-driven chemical plant that may include a solar thermal receiver having a cavity with an inner wall, where the solar thermal receiver is aligned to absorb concentrated solar energy from one or more of 1) an array of heliostats, 2) solar concentrating dishes, and 3) any combination of the two. Some embodiments may include a solar-driven chemical reactor having multiple reactor tubes located inside the cavity of solar thermal receiver, wherein a chemical reaction driven by radiant heat occurs in the multiple reactor tubes, and wherein particles of biomass are gasified in the presence of a steam (H2O) carrier gas and methane (CH4) in a simultaneous steam reformation and steam biomass gasification reaction to produce reaction products that include hydrogen and carbon monoxide gas using the solar thermal energy from the absorbed concentrated solar energy in the multiple reactor tubes.09-23-2010
20100193742POWER GENERATION PROCESS AND SYSTEM - The present invention is concerned with a power generation process and system (08-05-2010
20110089377MOLTEN METAL REACTOR AND METHOD OF FORMING HYDROGEN, CARBON MONOXIDE AND CARBON DIOXIDE USING THE MOLTEN ALKALINE METAL REACTOR - A molten metal reactor for converting a carbon material and steam into a gas comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide is disclosed. The reactor includes an interior crucible having a portion contained within an exterior crucible. The interior crucible includes an inlet and an outlet; the outlet leads to the exterior crucible and may comprise a diffuser. The exterior crucible may contain a molten alkaline metal compound. Contained between the exterior crucible and the interior crucible is at least one baffle.04-21-2011
20100288975REACTOR SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING GASEOUS PRODUCTS - Reactor systems are provided for the catalytic conversion of liquid feedstocks to synthesis gases and other noncondensable gaseous products. The reactor systems include a heat exchange reactor configured to allow the liquid feedstock and gas product to flow concurrently in a downflow direction. The reactor systems are particularly useful for producing hydrogen and light hydrocarbons from biomass-derived oxygenated hydrocarbons using aqueous phase reforming. The generated gases may find used as a fuel source for energy generation via PEM fuel cells, solid-oxide fuel cells, internal combustion engines, or gas turbine gensets, or used in other chemical processes to produce additional products. The gaseous products may also be collected for later use or distribution.11-18-2010
20120161078CATALYST FOR REFORMING HYDROCARBON GAS, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SYNTHESIZED GAS - A hydrocarbon gas reforming catalyst for efficiently producing hydrogen and carbon monoxide by carrying out reaction of a hydrocarbon source material gas and carbon dioxide, water vapor, and oxygen while restraining the deposition of carbon; a method of manufacturing the catalyst; and a method of manufacturing a synthesized gas using the hydrocarbon gas reforming catalyst. The hydrocarbon gas reforming catalyst is manufactured by producing the Ni—SrTiO06-28-2012
20120161077Synthetic Hydrocarbon Production By Direct Reduction Of Carbonaceous Materials With Synthesis Gas - A process for the liquefaction of carbonaceous material is described that utilizes a single liquefaction reactor that accepts mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen (syngas) at any ratio and which provides for a water gas shift reaction and a hydrogenation reaction of the carbonaceous material to provide a desired hydrocarbon. The process avoids the use of a separate reactor for the water gas shift reaction and applies to carbonaceous material such as any type of coal and/or biomass containing plant and/or animal matter for conversion to a synthetic fuel.06-28-2012
20120119151Method and facility for converting carbon monoxide and water into carbon dioxide and hydrogen, with the removal of at least one product gas - A process for carrying out a carbon monoxide shift reaction is provided. In the implementation of the carbon monoxide shift reaction, including the conversion of carbon monoxide and water into carbon dioxide and hydrogen, this conversion takes place in the liquid phase and involves separation of the product gases carbon dioxide and/or hydrogen, where as a first solvent dry methanol is used, for the absorption of carbon monoxide with simultaneous formation of a methyl formate, as a second solvent, in the area of release of the product gases, water is used, for avoiding hydrogen losses in a carbon dioxide area.05-17-2012
20120126176BIOMASS HIGH EFFICIENCY HYDROTHERMAL REFORMER - A method of producing synthesis gas by mixing a carbonaceous feed comprising at least one carbonaceous material with superheated steam to produce a reformer feedstock and reforming the reformer feedstock to produce a first synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide by introducing the reformer feedstock into a plurality of coiled tubes within a reformer at a reformer temperature and a reformer pressure at which at least a portion of the reformer feedstock is converted to synthesis gas.05-24-2012
20120126178METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONVERTING CARBON MONOXIDE AND WATER INTO CARBON DIOXIDE AND HYDROGEN, WITH REMOVAL OF ONE OR MORE PRODUCTS - A method for converting carbon monoxide and water into carbon dioxide and hydrogen, with simultaneous removal of one or more products, is described. The method includes the following steps: in a first reactor, carbon monoxide from the gas phase is bound in a first solvent and converted into formate, in a third reactor, formate is decomposed and resultant hydrogen H05-24-2012
20120126177PRIMARY REFORMER FOR REDUCED NITRIC OXIDE FORMATION - A method is disclosed for catalytic primary reformation of hydrocarbons with steam at elevated pressure by means of a split tube reactor and a firing chamber. In the split tube system which can use a catalyst material, hydrocarbons to be reformed are converted by water steam to synthesis gas. The split tube system is heated by a plurality of firing facilities between the split tubes which include a plurality of burners arranged in series, the burners generating mainly downwardly directed flames. The relevant firing facilities are supplied with fuel and air, with the air being withdrawn from the relevant feeders. The flue gas thus evolving passes through the firing chamber from top to bottom and enters in the lower area of the firing chamber into horizontally arranged ceramic flue gas tunnels extending in parallel to each other and perpendicular to the vertical split tubes and being allocated to one firing facility each. The flue gas enters through apertures in the lateral walls of the flue gas tunnels. The flue gas at the exit of the firing chamber is passed into heat recovery devices. In each flue gas tunnel an additional gas is fed into the tunnel's front side, in flue gas flow direction, wherein the gas containing oxygen and a non-combustible gas, so that the additional gas passes the flue gas tunnels over the entire length of the firing chamber. The volume of the additional gas passed into the flue gas tunnels is regulated.05-24-2012
20100207070HYDROCARBON-REFORMING CATALYST AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS USING THE SAME - The hydrocarbon-reforming catalyst comprising a composite oxide having a composition represented by the following formula (I) in which Co, Ni and M are dispersed in the composite oxide and a process for producing a synthesis gas by using the catalyst are provided.08-19-2010
20100207069CATALYST FOR CATALYTIC PARTIAL OXIDATION OF HYDROCARBON AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS - A catalyst for catalytic partial oxidation of hydrocarbon, having high thermal shock resistance, and a process for producing a synthesis gas using the catalyst are provided. A catalyst for catalytic partial oxidation of hydrocarbon is used in producing a synthesis gas containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen by adding oxygen and steam to a raw material hydrocarbon, thereby subjecting the raw material hydrocarbon to catalytic partial oxidation, and comprises a carrier comprising an inorganic oxide and an active metal supported thereon. In the catalyst, the total of volume of pores having a pore diameter in a first range of from 0.1 μm to less than 1.0 μm is 32% or more of the whole pore volume, and the total of volume of pores having a pore diameter in a second range of from 1.0 μm to 10 μm or less is 14% or more of the whole pore volume.08-19-2010
20100193743Gasification - In the gasification process, shredded municipal waste is allowed to descend through a pyrolysis reactor and the waste is pyrolysed in the reactor to form a combustible gas. The waste is contacted in a downdraft with an air supply which has been preheated by heat exchange with the pyrolysis reactor and further heated by heat exchange with combustible exhaust gas from the pyrolysis reactor.08-05-2010
20100051873PROCESS FOR EVAPORATING A LIQUID FUEL AND A MIXING CHAMBER FOR PERFORMING THIS PROCESS - A process with which a liquid fuel is evaporated completely in two stages is provided. In the first stage, the fuel is mixed with a hot primary medium and partly evaporated. In the second stage, the already evaporated fuel fraction is partly oxidized, which provides the heat for the complete evaporation of the fuel fractions which are yet to be evaporated. A fuel-air mixture for a reformer can be obtained with an advantageous embodiment of the process, in which the fuel is mixed homogeneously with oxidizing agent in the inventive evaporation. For the performance of the process, a mixing chamber is provided.03-04-2010
20100051875Production and conditioning of synthesis gas obtained from biomass - A method of producing and treating synthesis gas in which a biomass-rich material is gasified in a gasifier containing a fluidized bed at a temperature that does not exceed 750° C. to produce a crude synthesis gas product. The crude synthesis gas then is quenched, scrubbed, and then subjected to at least one adsorption step to provide a clean synthesis gas. The clean synthesis gas then may be reformed catalytically to provide a synthesis gas with a desired H03-04-2010
20100051874PROCESSING OF BIOMASS-DERIVED OXYGENATES WITH PARTICLES COMPRISING A COKE DEPOSIT - A method is disclosed for producing a mixture of CO and H03-04-2010
20100270506TWO STAGE PROCESS FOR CONVERTING BIOMASS TO SYNGAS - A two stage conversion process for converting biomass to a syngas, wherein the first stage is a gasification stage and the second stage is a combustion stage.10-28-2010
20100270505INTEGRATED, HIGH-EFFICIENCY PROCESSES FOR BIOMASS CONVERSION TO SYNTHESIS GAS - The present invention provides several variations for converting biomass, and other carbon-containing feedstocks, into syngas. Some variations include pyrolyzing or torrefying biomass in a devolatilization unit to form a gas stream and char, and gasifying the char. Other variations include introducing biomass into a fluid-bed gasifier to generate a solid stream and a gas stream, followed by a partial-oxidation or reforming reactor to generate additional syngas from either, or both, of the solid or gas stream from the fluid-bed gasifier. Hot syngas is preferably subjected to heat recovery. The syngas produced by the disclosed methods may be used in any desired manner, such as conversion to liquid fuels (e.g., ethanol).10-28-2010
20120074357CATALYST FOR REFORMING HYDROCARBON GAS, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SYNTHESIZED GAS - A catalyst for reforming a hydrocarbon gas using carbon dioxide and/or water vapor to react while restraining the deposition of carbon contains a NiO—Sr03-29-2012
20110101279PROCESS FOR OPERATING HTS REACTOR - Process for enriching a synthesis gas in hydrogen by conversion of carbon monoxide and steam over a catalyst containing oxides of zinc and aluminum together with one or more promoters.05-05-2011
20120256130Apparatus and Methods for Tar Removal from Syngas - A process and apparatus are provided for reducing content of tar in a tar containing syngas. The process includes contacting the tar containing syngas with a molecular oxygen containing gas in a first reaction zone to produce a gas mixture. The gas mixture is passed through a heat treatment zone maintained at a temperature between about 900° C. to about 2000° C. for a contact time of about 0.5 to about 5 seconds. In this aspect, at least a portion of the tar undergoes at least partial oxidation and/or cracking to produce a hot syngas.10-11-2012
20120256129Apparatus and Process for Gasification of Carbonaceous Materials to Produce Syngas - A process and apparatus are provided for gasification of a carbonaceous material. The process produces a raw syngas that can be further processed in a tar destruction zone to provide a hot syngas. The process includes contacting said carbonaceous material with molecular oxygen-containing gas in a gasification zone to gasify a portion of said carbonaceous material and to produce a first gaseous product. A remaining portion of the carbonaceous material is contacted with molecular oxygen-containing gas in a burn-up zone to gasify additional portion of the carbonaceous material and to produce a second gaseous product and a solid ash. The first gaseous product and said second gaseous product are combined to produce a raw syngas that includes carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO10-11-2012
20120256132METHOD FOR OPERATING A REFORMER OVEN AND A REFORMER INSTALLATION - A method for producing a synthesis-gas product gas and a vapor stream includes catalytic steam reforming a hydrocarbonaceous feedstock in a steam reformer. The hot synthesis-gas product gas stream is cooled in a heat exchanger to form a cooled synthesis-gas product gas stream and a first partial vapor stream, which is supplied to the product vapor stream. The reforming furnace is operated so as to burn a burner feedstock in burners, cool a hot flue gas stream from the burners in a heat exchanger to form a cooled flue gas stream and a second partial vapor stream, and separate the cooled flue gas stream into a waste gas stream and a flue gas recirculation stream. The flow of the recirculated flue gas is increased with decreasing flow of the synthesis-gas product gas to obtain an approximately constant product vapor stream by increasing the second partial vapor stream.10-11-2012
20120256128SYNGAS COOLER SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATION - A process and system for cooling syngas provides effective syngas cooling and results in reduced levels of fouling in syngas cooling equipment. A process for cooling syngas includes blending syngas with cooled recycled syngas in an amount effective for providing a blended syngas with a temperature at an inlet of a syngas cooler of about 600° F. to about 1400° F. The blended syngas changes direction of flow at least once prior to the inlet of the syngas cooler.10-11-2012
20120256131Method of Operation of Process to Produce Syngas from Carbonaceous Material - A process is provided for producing syngas that is effective for use in downstream processes. The process for producing syngas includes operating a gasification apparatus in a start-up mode until the gasification apparatus and equipment downstream of the gasification apparatus are adequately warmed up to a first target temperature. Upon reaching a first target temperature, the process is then operated in a production mode to produce a second syngas with a higher CO/CO10-11-2012
20120256133SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DUAL FLUIDIZED BED GASIFICATION - A system, for production of high-quality syngas, comprising a first dual fluidized bed loop having a fluid bed conditioner operable to produce high quality syngas comprising a first percentage of components other than CO and H10-11-2012
20130020538SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNGAS AND FUEL GASSES - The production of gasses and, more particularly, to systems and methods for the production of syngas and fuel gasses including the production of hydrogen are set forth. In one embodiment system and method includes a reactor having a molten pool of a material comprising sodium carbonate. A supply of conditioned water is in communication with the reactor. A supply of carbon containing material is also in communication with the reactor. In one particular embodiment, the carbon containing material may include vacuum residuum (VR). The water and VR may be kept at desired temperatures and pressures compatible with the process that is to take place in the reactor. When introduced into the reactor, the water, the VR and the molten pool may be homogenously mixed in an environment in which chemical reactions take place including the production of hydrogen and other gasses.01-24-2013
20120228553PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE VIA ION EXCHANGE RESINS - A process for the reduction of carbon dioxide (or CO09-13-2012
20090001320SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR GAS SWEETENING - A method for removing hydrogen sulfide from a sour gas stream comprising hydrogen sulfide by oxidizing hydrogen sulfide in a converter by contacting the sour gas stream with an aqueous catalytic solution, thereby producing a desulfurized gas stream and a liquid stream comprising reduced catalyst and elemental sulfur, introducing an oxidant and the liquid stream comprising reduced catalyst and elemental sulfur into a high shear device and producing a dispersion wherein the mean bubble diameter of the oxidant gas in the dispersion is less than about 5 μm, introducing the dispersion into a vessel from which a sulfur-containing slurry is removed and a regenerated catalyst stream is removed, wherein the sulfur slurry comprises elemental sulfur and aqueous liquid, and recycling at least a portion of the regenerated catalyst stream to the converter. A system of apparatus for carrying out the method is also provided.01-01-2009
20110121239CATALYTIC REFORMING METHODS - A catalytic reforming method is disclosed herein. The method includes sequentially supplying a plurality of feedstocks of variable compositions to a reformer. The method further includes adding a respective predetermined co-reactant to each of the plurality of feedstocks to obtain a substantially constant output from the reformer for the plurality of feedstocks. The respective predetermined co-reactant is based on a C/H/O atomic composition for a respective one of the plurality of feedstocks and a predetermined C/H/O atomic composition for the substantially constant output.05-26-2011
20110121238COMPOSITE OXIDE FOR HYDROCARBON REFORMING CATALYST, PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING SYNGAS USING THE SAME - A composite oxide for a hydrocarbon reforming catalyst which maintains the catalytic activity at a high level over a long period of time, a process for producing the catalyst, and a process for producing syngas using the catalyst, are provided. The composite oxide for a hydrocarbon reforming catalyst is obtained by a process including preparing a mixed solution for impregnation which contains catalytic active components of Co, or Co and Ni, one or more oxidation resistance enhancing components selected from the elements of Group 3B and the elements of Group 6A of the Periodic Table, and one or more additive metal components selected from Ca and Mg; impregnating a carrier formed from a porous molded body selected from magnesia and a composite of magnesia and calcia, with the mixed solution for impregnation; drying the impregnated carrier; and calcining the dried carrier in an oxidizing atmosphere.05-26-2011
20080296535Structured catalyst for POX reforming of gasoline for fuel-cell powered vehicles applications and a method of preparing the same - The present invention relates to a structured catalyst for reforming of gasoline and a method of preparing the same, more particularly to a structured catalyst for reforming of gasoline for fuel-cell powered vehicles prepared by wash-coating the transition metal based reforming catalyst on the surface of the ceramic honeycomb support wash-coated with sub-micron sized alumina or its precursor to sufficiently increase the effective surface area and the performance of the catalyst and a method of preparing the same.12-04-2008
20120298922PROCESS AND BURNER FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GAS - This invention relates to the production of synthesis gas by partial oxidation of liquid or gaseous, carbonaceous fuel in the presence of an oxygen-containing oxidant, wherein the fuel, the oxidant and a moderator are separately supplied to a burner and wherein the fuel and the moderator are mixed in a mixing chamber of the burner, before they are brought in contact with the oxidant. To reduce the load of the burner in particular during operation with transient conditions, the oxidant is centrally introduced through an outlet opening of the burner into a combustion chamber and the mixture of fuel and moderator is introduced through the outlet opening into the combustion chamber concentrically around the oxidant.11-29-2012
20120267576GASIFIER INJECTOR - A method for gasifying a carbonaceous material includes supplying a main slurry flow to a main cavity of a two-stage slurry splitter, dividing the main slurry flow into secondary slurry flows that flow into secondary cavities extending from the main cavity at distal ends of first stage flow dividers, dividing each secondary slurry flow into tertiary slurry flows that flow into slurry injection tubes extending from each secondary cavity at distal ends or second stage flow dividers, injecting the tertiary slurry flows into a gasification chamber coupled to the injector module, impinging annular shaped sprays of a reactant onto corresponding ones of the tertiary slurry flows within the gasification chamber using annular impinging orifices in a face plate of the injector module, and cooling the face plate to withstand high temperatures and abrasion.10-25-2012
20120267575Systems and Methods for Operating a Gasifier - Systems and methods for operating a gasifier are provided. The method can include combusting a first start-up fuel to produce a first combustion gas. A temperature within the gasifier can be increased from a starting temperature to at least an auto-ignition temperature of a second start-up fuel by introducing the first combustion gas to the gasifier. A second start-up fuel can be introduced directly to the gasifier after the temperature within the gasifier is at least the auto-ignition temperature of the second start-up fuel. At least a portion of the second start-up fuel can be combusted within the gasifier to produce a second combustion gas. The second combustion gas can produce sufficient heat to increase the temperature within the gasifier to a hydrocarbon feedstock gasification temperature. A hydrocarbon feedstock can be introduced to the gasifier. At least a portion of the hydrocarbon feedstock can be gasified within the gasifier to produce a syngas.10-25-2012
20120267577SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING AN INPUT FUEL GAS AND STEAM TO PRODUCE CARBON DIOXIDE AND AN OUTPUT FUEL GAS - A method and system for processing an input fuel gas and steam to produce separate CO10-25-2012
20130009099Process For The Production Of Hydrogen/Carbon Monoxide - The present invention provides for an energy efficient process of producing hydrogen/carbon monoxide gas mixtures from one or more hydrocarbon gas streams treated in a syngas producing unit by utilizing a carbon dioxide removal unit that contains sorbent beds in which a magnesium based sorbent is transported and cycled between different beds for sorption and desorption of carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide recovered during the process is recovered at high temperature and high pressure therefore allowing for at least a portion of the carbon dioxide stream to be recycled for further treatment with little or no compression of the stream.01-10-2013
20110220848GASIFICATION OF CRUDE GLYCEROL - The invention relates to a method (09-15-2011
20110226997Method And System Of Gasification - Disclosed is a system and method for gasification. The method includes partially oxidizing a concentrated lignin-containing liquor to form a product gas and a particulate, separating the product gas from the particulate, and contacting a lignin-containing liquor feed with the separated product gas. The contacting forms the concentrated lignin-containing liquor. The concentrated lignin-containing liquor includes dry solids content of less than about 65% and a sulfur content of less than about 2%.09-22-2011
20120080647METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING SYNTHETIC GAS FROM BIOMASS BY HIGH TEMPERATURE GASIFICATION - A method and a system for producing synthetic gas from biomass by high temperature gasification, including: feeding raw material, carbonizing, pulverizing the charcoal, and transporting charcoal powder to the gasification furnace for gasification. A heat source for the carbonizing is achieved by a direct combustion reaction between external combustible gas and external oxygen in a carbonization furnace. The heat emitted from the reaction being directly provided to the necessary heat of biomass pyrolysis, and yielding pyrolysis gas and charcoal from carbonization furnace.04-05-2012
20120326091PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SYNGAS AND HYDROGEN STARTING FROM REAGENTS COMPRISING LIQUID HYDROCARBONS, GASEOUS HYDROCARBONS, AND/OR OXYGENATED COMPOUNDS, ALSO DERIVING FROM BIOMASSES, BY MEANS OF A NON- INTEGRATED MEMBRANE REACTOR - A process for the production of syngas and hydrogen starting from liquid hydrocarbons, gaseous hydrocarbons and/or oxygenated compounds, also deriving from biomasses, and mixtures thereof, envisages recourse to a membrane reactor in an architecture that uses a succession of reaction and separation stages. The process includes a section for pre-heating the reagents, a number of sections for short-contact-time catalytic partial oxidation for producing syngas and hydrogen in a number of stages followed by separation of hydrogen produced via membranes, a thermal-recovery section, a section for removing produced carbon dioxide, and a section for cooling and removing condensate. Optionally, the process includes a section for purifying obtained hydrogen via pressure-swing adsorption (PSA) and generating purge gas with medium calorific value. Furthermore, the process includes a section for hydrodesulphuration of the reagents and could include a section for conversion of the CO12-27-2012
20120280181DEVICE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A SYNTHESIS GAS FROM PROCESSED BIOMASS BY ENTRAINED-FLOW GASIFICATION - The present invention relates to a device for generating a synthesis gas (SG) from biomass (BM) by entrained-flow gasification. The device comprises a treatment plant (11-08-2012
20090184293PROCESS FOR REFORMING HYDROCARBONS - The invention relates to a process for the production of synthesis gas from a hydrocarbon feedstock, wherein the entire hydrocarbon feed is passed through a radiant furnace, heat exchanger reformer and autothermal reformer in a series arrangement, and in which effluent gas from the autothermal reformer is used as heat source for the reforming reactions occurring in the heat exchange reformer.07-23-2009
20120319051METHOD FOR PRODUCING SYNTHESIS GASES - The invention relates to a cyclic process for producing synthesis gas comprising: 12-20-2012
20120091395Method and Device for Producing Low-Tar Synthesis Gas from Biomass - A method and device for producing low-tar synthesis gas from biomass. The method according to the invention lowers the tar content in the synthesis gas by splitting the biomass into pyrolysis coke and pyrolysis gas in a fluidized bed reactor, both of which are fed to at least one more fluidized bed reactor, wherein tars in the largely tar-free pyrolysis coke are catalytically split at a higher temperature without the ash melting point being exceeded. The method according to the invention enables the production of largely tar-free synthesis gas.04-19-2012
20120286209METHOD FOR BIOMASS FRACTIONING BY ENHANCING BIOMASS THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY - A method is disclosed for generating useful chemical intermediates from biomass using a novel pyrolysis reactor that utilizes the inherent thermal properties of carbon under compression as the biomass is subjected to sequential or concurrent temperature ramps. The ramps are sufficient to volatilize and selectively create different components, while the pressure application aids the selective decomposition of the biomass.11-15-2012
20120286211PROCESS FOR BIOMASS CONVERSION TO SYNTHESIS GAS - Biomass is processed through a biomass fractioning system that creates, through the application of selective temperature ramps and pressure shocks, a series of useful volatile components and BMF char, wherein the BMF char is reacted sacrificially with any one stream of methane, carbon dioxide, steam or oxygen to create highly pure synthesis gas with a controllable range of compositions. The resulting synthesis gas may be used in any desired manner, including conversion to oxygenates such as methanol and dimethyl ether, and to hydrocarbons.11-15-2012
20130009100SYNTHESIS GAS METHOD AND APPARATUS - A method and apparatus for producing a synthesis gas product having one or more oxygen transport membrane elements thermally coupled to one or more catalytic reactors such that heat generated from the oxygen transport membrane element supplies endothermic heating requirements for steam methane reforming reactions occurring within the catalytic reactor through radiation and convention heat transfer. A hydrogen containing stream containing no more than 20 percent methane is combusted within the oxygen transport membrane element to produce the heat and a heated combustion product stream. The heated combustion product stream is combined with a reactant stream to form a combined stream that is subjected to the reforming within the catalytic reactor. The apparatus may include modules in which tubular membrane elements surround a central reactor tube.01-10-2013
20130009102OXYGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING HEAT TO CATALYTIC/PROCESS REACTORS - A method and apparatus for producing heat used in a synthesis gas production process is provided. The disclosed method and apparatus include a plurality of tubular oxygen transport membrane elements adapted to separate oxygen from an oxygen containing stream contacting the retentate side of the membrane elements. The permeated oxygen is combusted with a hydrogen containing synthesis gas stream contacting the permeate side of the tubular oxygen transport membrane elements thereby generating a reaction product stream and radiant heat. The present method and apparatus also includes at least one catalytic reactor containing a catalyst to promote the steam reforming reaction wherein the catalytic reactor is surrounded by the plurality of tubular oxygen transport membrane elements. The view factor between the catalytic reactor and the plurality of tubular oxygen transport membrane elements radiating heat to the catalytic reactor is greater than or equal to 0.5.01-10-2013
20130015406GAS DEACIDIZING METHOD USING AN ABSORBENT SOLUTION WITH RELEASE OF A GASEOUS EFFLUENT FROM THE ABSORBENT SOLUTION AND WASHING OF THE EFFLUENT WITH THE REGENERATED ABSORBENT SOLUTIONAANM Gazarian; JeremyAACI CondrieuAACO FRAAGP Gazarian; Jeremy Condrieu FRAANM Bouillon; Pierre-AntoineAACI LyonAACO FRAAGP Bouillon; Pierre-Antoine Lyon FRAANM Jacquin; MarcAACI LyonAACO FRAAGP Jacquin; Marc Lyon FR - The invention relates to a method for deacidizing a gas feed comprising acid compounds.01-17-2013
20130015405ISOTHERMAL REACTOR FOR PARTIAL OXIDATION OF METHANEAANM Quintero; Ruben Dario RodriguezAACI AberdeenAACO GBAAGP Quintero; Ruben Dario Rodriguez Aberdeen GBAANM Diaz; Ernesto Manuel SantanaAACI AberdeenAACO GBAAGP Diaz; Ernesto Manuel Santana Aberdeen GBAANM Banister; James AndrewAACI AberdeenAACO GBAAGP Banister; James Andrew Aberdeen GB - There is herein described a process and apparatus for partial oxidation of hydrocarbons. More particularly, there is described a process and an isothermal reactor apparatus for the partial oxidation of methane which comprises a heat transfer surface, a porous catalytic membrane and wherein heat is disipated and/or removed through the heat transfer surface.01-17-2013
20100090167PROCESS TO PREPARE A GAS MIXTURE OF HYDROGEN AND CARBON MONOXIDE - Process to prepare a gas mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide from an ash containing carbonaceous feedstock by performing the following steps, 04-15-2010
20080237542REACTIVE FLASH VOLATILIZATION OF FLUID FUELS - The invention provides methods for the production of synthesis gas. More particularly, various embodiments of the invention relate to systems and methods for volatilizing fluid fuel to produce synthesis gas by using a metal catalyst on a solid support matrix.10-02-2008
20080224097Catalyst for Catalytic Partial Oxidation of Hydrocarbon, and Method for Producing Synthetic Gas - [Problem] To provide a catalyst for catalytic partial oxidation having a high activity and a long-term durability; and to provide a method capable of attaining long-term stable catalytic partial oxidation.09-18-2008
20130175476SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING A DIP TUBE - A system includes a dip tube configured to direct a gas toward a sump. The dip tube includes an inner surface and an outer surface. The system also includes a quench ring coupled to the dip tube. The quench ring is configured to provide a quench fluid flow to the sump over both the inner surface and the outer surface of the dip tube.07-11-2013
20120248377Catalytic Reactor Including a Catalytic Cellular Structure and at least One Structural Element - The invention relates to a catalytic reactor including at least two catalytic cellular architectures and at least one structural element, inserted between the two catalytic cellular architectures, in which the entire outer perimeter is in contact with the inner wall of the reactor, the cellular architecture and the structural element being arranged coaxially.10-04-2012
20130092877Methane Steam Reforming Using Fibrous Composite Catalytic Structures Having at Least Three Solid Phases - A methane steam reforming process for converting a syngas in the presence of permeable composite fibrous catalytic sheets comprised of at least three distinct solid phases. A first solid phase is a 3-dimensional porous network of a non-conductive porous ceramic material. A second solid phase is an electrically conductive phase comprised of randomly oriented electrically conductive fibers. A third phase is comprised of methane steam reforming catalytic particles dispersed on said 3-dimensional porous network, said conductive fibers, or both. A fourth phase can be present, which fourth phase is comprised one or more conductive species or one or more non-conductive species embedded in said first solid phase.04-18-2013
20130112922Synthesis Gas Generation - The invention relates to a method for generating a CO and an H05-09-2013
20110266500SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING CHAR IN BIOMASS REACTORS - A system and process for modulating the carbon content of ash produced by a biomass gasification process, for example, to selected levels chosen by an operator, through the controlled injection of steam and controlled introduction of warm air during processing of a biomass feedstock. The system and process include delivering a carbon-containing biomass feedstock to a gasification reactor and producing a syngas and an ash from the biomass feedstock, and regulating the carbon content of the ash between a level at which carbon not present in the ash and a second level at which carbon is present in the ash. The regulating step entails selectively decreasing the moisture level of the biomass feedstock prior to the biomass feedstock being delivered to the gasification reactor and thereby increasing the carbon content of the ash, or increasing a moisture level of a mixture of the biomass feedstock, ash and gases within the gasification reactor and thereby decrease the carbon content of the ash.11-03-2011
20100276640METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING ACIDIC GASES FROM SYNGAS - A method and an apparatus for separating acidic gases from syngas are capable of reducing the necessary power and are capable of obtaining high-purity CO11-04-2010
20110210292Gasification System And Process For Maximizing Production Of Syngas and Syngas-Derived Products - A gasification system and method. The system can include a gasifier and a purification unit fluidly coupled to the gasifier, with the purification unit receiving raw syngas from the gasifier and producing waste gas and a syngas product. The system can also include a first reformer fluidly coupled to the purification unit, with the first reformer receiving a first portion of the waste gas and producing reformed hydrocarbon. The system can further include a second reformer having a first inlet fluidly coupled to the purification unit, a second inlet fluidly coupled to the first reformer, and an outlet fluidly coupled to the purification unit. The second inlet can receive the reformed hydrocarbon from the first reformer, and the first inlet can receive a second portion of the waste gas from the purification unit. The second reformer can produce a recovered raw syngas that is directed to the purification unit.09-01-2011
20080197323Steam Reforming - A process for the steam reforming of hydrocarbons comprises partially oxidising a feedgas comprising a hydrocarbon feedstock with an oxygen-containing gas in the presence of steam to form a partially oxidised hydrocarbon gas mixture at a temperature >1200° C. and passing the resultant partially oxidised hydrocarbon gas mixture through a bed of steam reforming catalyst, wherein the bed comprises a first layer and a second layer, each layer comprising a catalytically active metal on an oxidic support wherein the oxidic support for the first layer is a zirconia.08-21-2008
20110220849MATERIAL FOR WATER GAS - A material for water gas contains polyhydric alcohol, and hydroxycarboxylic acid.09-15-2011
20110220846NON-DENSIFIED BIOMASS GASIFICATION METHOD AND APPARATUS - A non-densified feedstock is fed into a modified countercurrent gasifier, and syngas and char are produced from an upper portion of the gasifier. In the preferred embodiment, propane gas is injected into a lower portion of the gasifier as unconsolidated straw feedstock is metered into a gasifier feedstock inlet. The feedstock is converted into syngas and char in a combustion section of the gasifier. A portion of the syngas and char is recycled within the gasifier. After the syngas and char flow out of a gasifier production outlet, the char is separated from the syngas in a cyclone separator. The syngas is used to produce power at the facility where the syngas is produced.09-15-2011
20130146814METHOD OF PREPARING AND UTILIZING A CATALYST SYSTEM FOR AN OXIDATION PROCESS ON A GASEOUS HYDROCARBON STREAM - The disclosure relates to a method of utilizing a catalyst system for an oxidation process on a gaseous hydrocarbon stream with a mitigation of carbon accumulation. The system is comprised of a catalytically active phase deposited onto an oxygen conducting phase, with or without supplemental support. The catalytically active phase has a specified crystal structure where at least one catalytically active metal is a cation within the crystal structure and coordinated with oxygen atoms within the crystal structure. The catalyst system employs an optimum coverage ratio for a given set of oxidation conditions, based on a specified hydrocarbon conversion and a carbon deposition limit. Specific embodiments of the catalyst system are disclosed.06-13-2013
20110233472POROUS CERAMIC CATALYSTS AND METHODS FOR THEIR PRODUCTION AND USE - A method of producing a rigid catalytically active porous ceramic is disclosed. Catalyst particles comprising a catalytically active material or a precursor thereof are mixed with a chemical additive, a ceramic binder, a carrier liquid and, optionally, substantially inert carrier particles to obtain a slurry having a gel-or paste-like consistency. The slurry may be transported to a substrate, e.g., by printing, or to a reactor cavity by a suitable flow method. The slurry is then heated to substantially evaporate said carrier liquid to obtain a rigid, catalytically active porous ceramic in situ. A catalyst obtainable by such a method and the use of such a catalyst are also disclosed.09-29-2011
20110233471METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SUPPLYING A REACTOR FOR GENERATING CRUDE SYNTHESIS GAS - Using a method for supplying a reactor (09-29-2011
20110233470ION TRANSPORT MEMBRANE MODULE AND VESSEL SYSTEM - An ion transport membrane system comprising (a) a pressure vessel having an interior, an exterior, an inlet, and an outlet; (b) a plurality of planar ion transport membrane modules disposed in the interior of the pressure vessel and arranged in series, each membrane module comprising mixed metal oxide ceramic material and having an interior region and an exterior region, wherein any inlet and any outlet of the pressure vessel are in flow communication with exterior regions of the membrane modules; and (c) one or more gas manifolds in flow communication with interior regions of the membrane modules and with the exterior of the pressure vessel.09-29-2011
20100314584REFORMER REACTOR AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING HYDROCARBON FUELS INTO HYDROGEN RICH GAS - A reformer reactor is provided for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen rich gas by auto-thermal reaction process. The reformer reactor has a preferably cylindrically shaped, double wall housing with an inner wall and an outer wall and two side faces, wherein the inner wall and the two side faces form a reaction chamber. Additionally, the inner wall is charged with a first electric charge which prevents the hydrocarbon fuel molecules injected into the reaction chamber by a fuel inlet from hitting the warm inside surfaces of the reaction chamber and burn to soot, subsequently.12-16-2010
20100314583Supercritical Water Processing of Extra Heavy Crude in a Slurry-Phase Up-Flow Reactor System - A method of mixing a catalyst with a heavy oil to create a heavy oil/catalyst mixture. This is followed by combining the heavy oil/catalyst mixture with supercritical water to form light hydrocarbon products and heavy hydrocarbon products. By doing so the light hydrocarbon products can be separated into a gaseous top product, an upgraded liquid hydrocarbon product and a water phase.12-16-2010
20110272637Method for Producing a Gaseous Atmosphere for Treating Metals - The invention relates to a method for generating an atmosphere for heat treating metal parts in a furnace, which includes inserting, in at least one phase of the treatment cycle or at least one area of the heat treatment furnace, a mixture comprising gaseous CO11-10-2011
20110272636Method and System for Continuously Pumping a Solid Material and Method and System for Hydrogen Formation - A method of continuously providing a pressurized slurry of a solid material and liquid carbon dioxide is disclosed. The method comprises mixing particles of the solid material and particles of solid carbon dioxide in a mixing container and feeding the mixture of the solid material and the solid carbon dioxide to a pump to form a slurry of the solid material and liquified carbon dioxide. Within the pump, the solid carbon dioxide sublimates, forming a gaseous carbon dioxide which subsequently liquefies due to an increase in pressure. The liquid carbon dioxide and the solid material then mix to form the slurry of the solid material and the liquid carbon dioxide. In some embodiments, the pressurized slurry may be used for pipeline transportation of the solid material. A system of producing a continuous pressurized slurry of solid material and liquid carbon dioxide is also disclosed. A method of producing hydrogen is also disclosed.11-10-2011
20130153826USE OF CHAR PARTICLES IN THE PRODUCTION OF SYNTHESIS GAS AND IN HYDROCARBON REFORMING - Processes for producing synthesis gas from biomass in which char particles, which are formed during the production of synthesis gas from biomass, are employed as catalysts. The char particles may be used as catalysts in a gasifier or in a thermal reformer, whereby gaseous components, formed as a result of the gasification of the biomass, such as methane, light alkyl and aromatic compounds, and phenolics, as well as tar, may be reformed and/or converted into synthesis gas.06-20-2013
20130181170FINES CAPTURE AND RECYCLE SYSTEM AND USES THEREOF - A cyclone system for a gasifier having two or more cyclones arranged in series sharing a combined loop seal and dipleg is disclosed. Also disclosed is a method for capturing and recycling fines with the cyclone system.07-18-2013
20130181169REFORMING OF HYDROCARBON GAS WITH SOLAR ENERGY - A method and system for reforming hydrocarbon gas, which includes stripping from the hydrocarbon gas at least most of gaseous impurities of a type and/or quantity which would normally interfere with efficient catalytic reforming in order to provide stripped hydrocarbon gas including carbon dioxide, optionally compressing the stripped hydrocarbon gas to provide compressed stripped hydrocarbon gas, and reacting the stripped hydrocarbon gas in a solar radiation receiving reactor having a catalyst that is heated by concentrated solar radiation impinging thereon, thereby providing an output gas mixture comprising hydrogen gas and carbon monoxide. The invention also includes a method and system for reforming hydrocarbons in a solar radiation receiver reactor, and such a system that also includes a certification system for certifying the amount and composition of the output gas mixture.07-18-2013
20130119315GAS DISTRIBUTOR FOR A ROTARY KILN - A rotating air distributor for rotary reactors such as rotary kilns for the gasification of biomass and other carbonaceous materials for efficient mixing and maximum conversion of solid biomass and other carbonaceous materials into synthesis fuel gas is disclosed. The invention includes a gas distribution port comprises of one main supply from which several discharge nozzles emerge at different angles and at different locations along the length of the reactor to provide distribution of gas throughout the intended length of the reactor. The discharge of gas from the gas distribution port is adjusted by the variable position of a plug inside the port that can be adjusted during the operation of the kiln to achieve optimum gas-solid interaction along the length of the reactor. The rotating action of the gas distribution port also facilitates and eases the passage of reacted biomass solid and other carbonaceous material residue through the reactor.05-16-2013
20130119314METHOD FOR BIOMASS FRACTIONING BY ENHANCING BIOMASS THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY - A method is disclosed for generating useful chemical intermediates from biomass using a novel pyrolysis reactor that utilizes the inherent thermal properties of carbon under compression as the biomass is subjected to sequential or concurrent temperature ramps. The ramps are sufficient to volatilize and selectively create different components, while the pressure application aids the selective decomposition of the biomass.05-16-2013
20110303875INTEGRATED OXIDATION, REDUCTION AND GASIFICATION METHOD FOR CHEMICAL LOOPING SYNGAS AND ENERGY PRODUCTION - The invention relates to an energetically self-sufficient syngas production method in at least one chemical loop. The chemical loop involves at least three distinct oxidation, reduction and gasification reaction zones: 12-15-2011
20120001126PROCESS TO PREPARE A HYDROGEN RICH GAS MIXTURE - Process to prepare a hydrogen rich gas mixture from a halogen containing gas mixture comprising hydrogen and at least 50 vol. % carbon monoxide, on a dry basis, by contacting the halogen containing gas mixture with water having a temperature of between 150 and 250° C. to obtain a gas mixture poor in halogen and having a steam to carbon monoxide molar ratio of between 0.2:1 and 0.9:1 and subjecting said gas mixture poor in halogen to a water gas shift reaction wherein part or all of the carbon monoxide is converted with the steam to hydrogen and carbon dioxide in the presence of a catalyst as present in one fixed bed reactor or in a series of more than one fixed bed reactors and wherein the temperature of the gas mixture as it enters the reactor or reactors is between 190 and 230° C.01-05-2012
20120001125Gas mixing device, synthetic gas manufacturing apparatus, gas mixing method, and synthetic gas manufacturing method - Provides is a gas mixing device capable of promptly mixing a combustible gas with a combustion supporting gas with its simple configuration, and a synthetic gas manufacturing apparatus using the device. In a gas mixing device which supplies a combustible gas and a combustion supporting gas from flow channels of a double pipe including an inner pipe and an outer pipe and mixes the gases, a first guide member guides the gas, flowing out from a gas outflow port on one end side of the inner pipe, outward, and a second guide member is formed in an annular shape along an inner peripheral wall of the outer pipe of the second guide member so that the inner peripheral portion is located closer to the upstream side than the outer peripheral portion and the inner peripheral portion is located closer to the center than the outer peripheral portion of the first guide member. In addition, a third guide member is provided so as to face a region surrounded by the second guide member.01-05-2012
20130193378PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR CARBON DIOXIDE AND CARBONYL SULFIDE CAPTURE VIA ION EXCHANGE RESINS - A process for the reduction of carbon dioxide and carbonyl sulfide from various types of gas emitting sources containing carbon dioxide and/or gas or liquid emitting sources containing carbonyl sulfide, using ion exchange resin.08-01-2013
20120018678Selective Oxidation Agent of Hydrocarbons to Synthesis Gas Based on Separate Particles of O-Carrier and Hydrocarbon Activator - A solid material is presented for the partial oxidation of natural gas. The solid material includes a solid oxygen carrying agent and a hydrocarbon activation agent. The material precludes the need for gaseous oxygen for the partial oxidation and provides better control over the reaction.01-26-2012
20120018677METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROCESSING PLASTICS WASTE, ESPECIALLY POLYOLEFINES - A method for processing plastics waste, in particular polyolefines, and a device for processing plastics waste, in particular polyolefines, are used especially in the industrial utilization of plastics waste. The method consists in that a primarily refined charge after being fed into a reactor (01-26-2012
20120025141METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING SYNTHETIC GAS FROM BIOMASS BY HIGH TEMPERATURE GASIFICATION - The invention is relates to a method and a system for producing synthetic gas from biomass by high temperature gasification, including: feeding raw material, carbonizing, pulverizing the charcoal, and transporting charcoal powder to the gasification furnace for gasification. A heat source for the carbonizing is achieved by a direct combustion reaction between external combustible gas and external oxygen in a carbonization furnace. The heat emitted from the reaction being directly provided to the necessary heat of biomass pyrolysis, and yielding pyrolysis gas and charcoal from carbonization furnace. The temperature of carbonization furnace is controlled at between 400° C. and 600° C. by adjusting the amount of oxygen. The temperature of a burner nozzle of the carbonization furnace is controlled at between 1200° C. and 1800° C. by adjusting the input amount of the external combustible gas at between more than 1 and less than 5 times that required for a complete combustion with the external oxygen. Pulverizing the charcoal includes charcoal cooling, decompression, pulverizing, supercharging, fluidizing, and transported to the gasifier by controlling the amount of pyrolysis gas.02-02-2012
20120025140Method and Device for Producing Synthesis Gas from Gaseous Hydrocarbons - A method for the production of synthesis gas from gaseous hydrocarbons includes the use of allothermal steam reforming with catalysts. In order to produce the synthesis gas efficiently without exhaust gas in a compact apparatus, energy is at least partly supplied by electrical energy, that the energy is supplied by electrically heated contact surfaces and that the energy is supplied by contact surfaces within a fixed bed of catalyst pellets and/or within a fluidised bed at least partly consisting of catalyst particles.02-02-2012
20130099168TWO STAGE DRY FEED GASIFICATION PROCESS - A dry feed two stage gasification system and process is disclosed for gasifying feedstock such as carbonaceous materials with improved energy efficiency, along with reductions in feedstock consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. The feedstock is first dried and pretreated with the hot syngas in the upper section of the gasifier to generate a dry char that is low in volatile-matter content. This dry char is sent to the first stage of a two stage gasifier where it reacts with oxygen in the presence of steam to produce a hot syngas stream.04-25-2013
20130099167METHOD FOR PROCESSING FISCHER-TROPSCH OFF-GAS - A method for producing a gas comprising at least 80 vol % carbon monoxide from a Fischer-Tropsch off-gas comprising: (1) feeding Fischer-Tropsch off-gas through a column comprising an adsorbent bed at high pressure and discharging effluent; (2) reducing the pressure in the column and the bed slightly; (3) rinsing the column and the adsorbent bed with methane or carbon dioxide; (4) rinsing the column and the adsorbent bed with carbon dioxide; (5) reducing the pressure of the column and adsorbent bed to a low pressure; (6) rinsing the column and adsorbent bed with a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen; (7) pressurizing the column and adsorbent bed to a high pressure using a mixture of hydrogen and nitrogen. The carbon monoxide rich product stream obtained in step (3) can be sent as feed to a Fischer-Tropsch reaction. In an embodiment, a gas comprising at least 80 vol % hydrogen is also produced.04-25-2013
20130099165Reforming Exchanger With Integrated Shift Conversion - Reforming exchangers for syngas production are provided. The reforming exchangers can have a shell-and-tube configuration and include a shift catalyst on the shell side of the exchanger to reduce a carbon monoxide concentration in a shell side product gas mixture. Processes for forming syngas using the reforming exchangers are also provided.04-25-2013

Patent applications in class Carbon-oxide and hydrogen containing