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Actuated by dynamic external physical quantity

Subclass of:

250 - Radiant energy

250200000 - PHOTOCELLS; CIRCUITS AND APPARATUS

250216000 - Optical or pre-photocell system

250229000 - Light valve (e.g., iris diaphragm)

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
250231130 Shaft angle transducers 78
250231190 Pressure-responsive light valves 4
20090134318TACTILE SENSOR MODULE AND METHOD OF MOUNTING TACTILE SENSOR - The invention provides a tactile sensor module that enables adjustment of the density of sensing elements and adjustment of mounting regions to be carried out in a straightforward manner with one type of module that is highly adaptive to complex curved surfaces. A tactile sensor module comprises a flexible substrate having one or a plurality of strips, a plurality of sensing elements arranged at the one or plurality of strips of the flexible substrate, one or more communication terminals provided at the flexible substrate; and at least one electronic circuit section provided at the flexible substrate having communication functions. At least one of the strips comprises a foldable region and/or a cuttable region.05-28-2009
20100108870PRESSURE SENSOR - A pressure sensor is disclosed with at least one pressure sensing element, the pressure induced changes in the optical properties of which are evaluated by illumination with at least one light source. The pressure sensor can include at least two semiconductor-based pressure sensing elements located in individual pressure chambers, which sensing elements are located essentially adjacent to each other. The sensing elements can be irradiated with the same light source, wherein the light transmitted through the sensing elements is detected using at least two corresponding detectors, and wherein the differential pressure in the two pressure chambers is evaluated based on the output of these detectors.05-06-2010
20100213360PRESSURE SENSOR AND PRESSURE MEASUREMENT METHOD OF PRESSURE SENSOR - Disclosed is a pressure sensor comprising: a substrate; a pressure reception plate which is provided in a state of facing the substrate, the pressure reception plate comprising in a surface which faces the substrate, a low reflection region, and a high reflection region having a relatively higher reflection ratio compared to the low reflection region; a support portion to change a distance between the substrate and the pressure reception plate when a pressure is applied to the pressure reception plate, the support portion being provided in between the substrate and the pressure reception plate; and a plurality of light receiving elements which are respectively provided on the substrate in positions facing the low reflection region and in positions facing the high reflection region, of the pressure reception plate.08-26-2010
20080224029Foil-Type Pressure Sensor - A foil-type pressure sensor includes a first foil and a second foil. A spacer is arranged in between the first and second foils, which keeps the foils at a certain distance from each other. The spacer presents an opening that defines a sensing region. In this sensing region, the first and second foils can be brought closer one to the other against the resiliency of the foils by pressure acting on the pressure sensor. The pressure sensor further includes light emitting means arranged between the foils for inputting light into the sensing region and light collecting means arranged between the foils for collecting light propagated from the light emitting means through at least part of the sensing region to the light collecting means. When the first and second foils are brought closer one to the other, at least one of the first and the second foils at least partially blocks light propagation through the sensing region.09-18-2008
250231110 Actuated by gauge element deflection 4
20100176282ENCODER - A reflection mirror that causes an illumination light to be incident on a movable scale is oscillated in an X-axis direction based on a modulation signal. Accordingly, the optical path of the illumination light, of the illumination light and another illumination light generated at an index scale, periodically changes, and as a consequence, the illumination light is periodically modulated. Accordingly, an extra scanner that scans the illumination light or another illumination light with respect to the movable scale does not have to be arranged, which allows an apparatus to be reduced in size and cost.07-15-2010
20110057092OPTICAL ENCODER - An optical encoder is configured as follows. Namely, the optical encoder includes a signal processing circuit which processes encoder signals output from a plurality of encoder heads, a control unit which specifies one of the plurality of encoder heads, sets the signal output of the specified encoder head in an on state, and further sets the outputs of the encoder heads not specified in an off state, thereby causing only the specified encoder head to output an encoder signal to the signal processing circuit, switch signal lines, and a common wiring line which is shared by the plurality of encoder heads and which transmits the encoder signals to the signal processing circuit.03-10-2011
20110240836OPTICAL ANGULAR SENSOR AND OPTICAL ROTATIONAL SPEED SENSOR - In an example embodiment, a system detects the degree of rotation of a knob, the system comprises a shaft having a length and a first end and a second end; the second end has an oblique reflective surface defined thereon; the first end fixedly attached to the knob. Containing the shaft is a rotation body, having a receptacle to accommodate the second end of the shaft with the oblique reflective surface exposed. An integrated circuit optical module is optically coupled the rotation body and the optical module detects light irradiance profile from the oblique reflective surface. The optical module includes a solid state light source and a plurality of photo detectors which generate an electrical signal upon exposure to light. As the knob is rotated, the oblique reflective surface generates a changing asymmetric irradiance profile, the change being translated into an electrical signal via the photo detectors. The electrical signal corresponds to the degree of rotation of the knob.10-06-2011
20120074302STOCK THICKNESS ANOMALY DETECTION DEVICE - A detection device detects a thickness anomoly region within a strip of stock and includes a first roller operatively rotating as the strip of stock passes over a first roller surface; a pivotally mounted pinch roller positioned to operatively pivot about a pivot axis against the strip of stock passing over the first roller; a photoeye mask positioned to rotate about the pivot axis responsive to pivotal movement of the pinch roller; a photoeye slot within the photoeye mask extending between a slot leading end and a slot trailing end; and the transmitting and receiving optical devices positioned on opposite sides of the photoeye slot of the photoeye mask and operative in an photoeye mask-aligned position to project a centered through-beam through the photoeye slot between the transmitting and receiving optical devices. The through-beam is blocked by the photoeye mask as the photoeye mask operatively rotates a preset deflection angle in either direction out of the photoeye mask-aligned position and into a photoeye mask blocking position. first and second directions. The duration of the disruption of signal between the optical transmitting device and the receiving device indicates whether the anomaly encountered within the strip of stock is a splice or a stock-out occurrence.03-29-2012
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20110192964ENCODER - An encoder emits modulated light from a light source section and lets a first light and a second light separated from the modulated light interfere with each other in a moving grating. In the encoder, the light emitted from the light source section is electrically modulated, and the first light and the second light have different light path lengths.08-11-2011
20110192963ROTATOR TYPE OPTICAL SENSING DEVICE - An optical sensing device includes a shell, at least one light emitting member, a rotator type shading member and at least one optical sensing member. The shell is formed with a black-body condition space having a light emitting chamber, a shading chamber and at least one optical sensing chamber. The light emitting member projects a light beam. The rotator type shading member is rotatably restrained within the shading chamber, and has a geometric center and a weight center offset from the geometric center. When the optical sensing device is lifted in a lifting azimuth or lowered in a lowering azimuth, the rotator type shading member is rotated by the geometric center to make the weight center located in the lowering azimuth with respect to the geometric center. The optical sensing member is arranged in the optical sensing chamber, and senses the light beam to accordingly send out a sensing signal.08-11-2011
20100148042SENSOR - A sensor for angle measurement of a joint is disclosed. The sensor comprises a code strip, a linear encoder configured to detect relative movement between the linear encoder and the code strip, and a microcontroller configured to compute angular rotation of the joint from linear displacement obtained by the relative movement. The relative movement corresponds to rotation of the joint. A corresponding method and system are also disclosed.06-17-2010
20090166519INTENSITY-BASED OPTICAL ENCODER USING DIGITAL DIFFRACTIVE OPTIC REGIONS - An optical encoder and method for measuring displacement information using an optical encoder uses an encoder member with multiple digital diffractive optic regions to optically diffract an incident beam of light to produce output beams of light having intensity distribution patterns, which are used to generate electrical signals that provide relative displacement information of the encoder member.07-02-2009
20130026351SCALE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND ABSOLUTE ENCODER - A scale of an absolute encoder, on which a plurality of marks are arranged at predetermined pitches along at least one direction, includes: a base including a plurality of light-reflective or light-transmissive marks arranged at the predetermined pitches along the at least one direction. A film, which attenuates light, is formed on each of marks as a part of the plurality of marks.01-31-2013
20130087696ENCODER APPARATUS USING LIQUID TO SUPPRESS DETECTION FAILURE - An encoder apparatus comprises a first scale member with a scale region on which a scale is arranged; a detector that detects light from the scale region; and a retaining member with a retaining surface that is arranged so as to face a surface of the first scale member including the scale region via a predetermined gap, and that retains a liquid at least between the retaining surface and the first scale member.04-11-2013
20120217383OPTICAL ENCODER - An optical encoder includes a light source, a scale which is irradiated by the light source and has a fine pitch pattern and a coarse pitch pattern in one track, a photo detector array which detects transmitting light or reflected light from the scale which are emitted from the light source, a signal processing unit including a first initial-stage amplifier unit that generates a position detection signal from the photo detector array, and a control unit that uses an output signal from the first initial-stage amplifier unit to control a light amount variation of the light source. The optical encoder can operate in a high resolution detection mode that forms the photo detector array at a first pitch to detect the fine pitch pattern and a low resolution detection mode that forms the photo detector array at a second pitch to detect the coarse pitch pattern.08-30-2012
20130056624ABSOLUTE POSITION MEASURING ENCODER - An absolute position measuring encoder having an ABS/INC integrated pattern obtained by integrating an absolute pattern and an incremental pattern together is provided. The absolute position measuring encoder includes an imaging optical system (lens) designed to generate an amplitude difference between a light and dark signal derived from the absolute pattern and light and dark signal derived from the incremental pattern, and a signal processing system (comparator) for separating a received light signal from the ABS/INC integrated pattern into an absolute pattern signal and an incremental pattern signal by utilizing the amplitude difference. Accordingly, an absolute pattern signal and an incremental pattern signal can be separated off from the ABS/INC integrated pattern at a high speed with a simple processing circuit.03-07-2013
20120112050Optical Position-Measuring Device - An optical position-measuring device includes a scanning bar extending in a first or second direction, and a scale extending in the other direction. The scale is offset by a scanning distance from the scanning bar in a third direction perpendicular to the first and second directions. The device has a light source whose light penetrates the scanning bar at an intersection point of the scanning bar and scale to fall on the scale and arrive back at the scanning bar. At a detector, the light is split by diffraction into different partial beams at optically effective structures of the scanning bar and scale and combined again. A periodic signal is obtained in the detector in response to: a shift between the scanning bar and scale in the first direction due to interference of combined partial beams, and a change in the scanning distance between the scanning bar and scale.05-10-2012
20130062513SCANNING UNIT OF A POSITION MEASURING SYSTEM - A scanning unit that includes a radiation source that emits electromagnetic radiation, which is used to scan a scale of a position measuring system, wherein the radiation source includes electrical connection elements. The scanning unit further including a holder upon which the radiation source is fixable, wherein the holder includes electrical conductor elements that electrically contact the electrical connection elements. The electrical conductor elements of the holder and the electrical connection elements of the radiation source form a guide on which the radiation source is movable along an adjustment path relative to the holder while maintaining electrical contact between the electrical connection elements and the electrical conductor elements. Maintaining electrical contact enables positioning the radiation source at various positions along the adjustment path on the holder wherein the electrical connection elements are in electrical contact with the electrical conductor elements.03-14-2013
20130161499ADAPTABLE RESOLUTION OPTICAL ENCODER - A flexible optical displacement encoder configuration uses a source grating to illuminate a scale with structured light such that light from the scale is modulated with a beat frequency envelope which may have a relatively coarse pitch that matches a desired detector pitch. An imaging configuration provides spatial filtering to remove the high spatial frequencies from the modulation envelope to provide a clean signal in the detected fringe pattern. This combination of elements allows an incremental scale track pattern with a relatively finer pitch (e.g., 4, 5, 8 microns) to provide fringes with a coarser pitch (e.g., 20 microns) at a detector. Various scale resolutions can use a corresponding source grating such that all combinations can produce detector fringes that match the same economical detector component.06-27-2013
20130161500ILLUMINATION PORTION FOR AN ADAPTABLE RESOLUTION OPTICAL ENCODER - An illumination portion is used in an optical encoder which comprises a scale grating, an imaging portion, and a detector portion. A light source outputs light having a wavelength λ. A structured illumination generating portion inputs the light and outputs structured illumination. The structured illumination comprises an illumination fringe pattern oriented transversely to the measuring axis direction. A first filtering lens focuses the structured illumination proximate to a plane of the spatial filter aperture configuration. A spatial filtering aperture configuration includes a central portion that blocks zero-order portions of the structured illumination and an open aperture portion that outputs +1 order and −1 order portions of the structured illumination to a second filtering lens. The second filtering lens outputs the structured illumination to a plane of the scale grating with an illumination fringe pitch P06-27-2013
20090008537OPTICAL ENCODER AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT - This optical encoder includes a light emitting section and a plurality of light receiving elements placed so as to be aligned in one direction in an area where a light beam from the light emitting section may reach. The moving object includes a light-ON section and a light-OFF section. The light receiving element detects movement of the moving object when the light-ON section and the light-OFF section of the moving object pass through a predetermined position corresponding to the light receiving element A light receiving signal processing section receives inputs of a plurality of light receiving signals with different phases from a plurality of the light receiving elements, performs signal processing including at least one signal processing among a logical operation processing, an addition processing, and a subtraction processing on a plurality of the light receiving signals, and outputs an output signal containing a plurality of signal components which are different in phase and different in signal level with respect to a predetermined threshold level.01-08-2009
20100171030ENCODER APPARATUS - An encoder apparatus comprises a first scale member with a scale region on which a scale is arranged; a detector that detects light from the scale region; and a retaining member with a retaining surface that is arranged so as to face a surface of the first scale member including the scale region via a predetermined gap, and that retains a liquid at least between the retaining surface and the first scale member.07-08-2010
20100171029Reflective Multi-Turn Encoders with Different Light Sensing Systems - Disclosed herein are a number of different embodiments of reflective multi-turn optical encoders with different light sensing systems. Three different basic configurations of reflective multi-turn optical encoder light sensing systems are disclosed herein: (a) optical encoders employing multiple arrays of light detectors; (b) optical encoders employing multiple arrays of stacked die light sensors, and (c) optical encoders employing variable tone density light sensing systems.07-08-2010
20090108188Optical Absolute Rotary Encoder - An optical absolute rotary encoder can have a simple and small structure, for determining the absolute values of rotational positions with high accuracy. The encoder can include an optical scale having an absolute pattern representing a code corresponding to a single absolute value using a transmitting area and/or an intercepting area. A light emitting unit can be arranged at one side with respect to the optical scale, and configured to project light on the optical scale. A light receiving unit can be arranged at the same side as the light emitting unit, can configured to receive light passing through the transmitting area of the optical scale. A light guide unit can be provided and configured to guide the light from the light emitting unit to the light receiving unit. The optical scale and the light emitting unit can rotate relative to each other about an axis of rotation, and the light receiving unit can be disposed on the axis of rotation.04-30-2009
20090272885Optical Encoder with Code Wheel Misalignment Correction and Automatic Gain Control - According to one embodiment, there is provided a device and method for correcting code wheel misalignment which employs upper and lower code wheel misalignment photodetectors positioned above and below at least first and second motion detection photodetectors. According to other embodiments, there are provided a device and method for automatically setting the gain of an output circuit in an optical encoder. Still further embodiments of optical encoders combine the code wheel misalignment and automatic gain control features of the invention.11-05-2009
20090272886ABSOLUTE POSITION LENGTH MEASUREMENT TYPE ENCODER - The absolute position length measurement type encoder is provided with a scale for forming bright and dark patterns by the ABS pattern based on a pseudorandom code; an edge position detection circuit for obtaining a position, at which an after-differentiated absolute value of a binarized value is locally maximized, for each of the minimum line width zones of the ABS pattern by binarizing a signal from the light-receiving element that receives the bright and dark pattern; a peak position detection circuit for obtaining the peak position from a histogram with respect to the position; a decoding circuit for decoding the pseudorandom code based on the binarized value; an absolute position detection circuit for calculating an absolute position by referencing the pseudorandom code to the design value; and a position data synthesizing circuit for correcting the absolute position by the peak position, whereby the absolute position can be calculated with a small arithmetic operation amount even if the pseudorandom code is used for the ABS pattern, and accuracy of the absolute position can be secured even where the ABS pattern is subjected to thickening, etc.11-05-2009
20130099106DISPLACEMENT DETECTING DEVICE, SCALE CALIBRATING METHOD AND SCALE CALIBRATING PROGRAM - A displacement detecting device includes: a scale which has an optical lattice; a detecting unit which is disposed so as to be movable in a scanning direction relative to the scale, inclusive of at least a first detection portion, a second detection portion and a third detection portion, arranged in the scanning direction for detecting position information from the optical lattice; and a calculating portion configured to obtain a self-calibration curve on graduations of the scale by specifying positions of the detection portions and calculating measurement error based on the position information detected by the detecting unit, wherein: the detecting unit is provided so that a distance between the first detection portion and the second detection portion and a distance between the second detection portion and the third detection portion are different from each other and do not form an integral multiple.04-25-2013
20080290262SCALE FOR A POSITION-MEASURING DEVICE AND POSITION-MEASURING DEVICE - A scale and a position-measuring device include the shifting of reference markings in graduation tracks, offset transversely with respect to the measuring direction, by fractions of the interval of the reference markings within a graduation track. It is thus possible to eliminate, or at least to markedly reduce, negative effects of the disturbance of the periodicity of a graduation track by the reference markings.11-27-2008
20120292493Optical Position-Measuring Device - An optical position-measuring device includes a measuring standard and a scanning unit. The measuring standard includes an incremental graduation and at least one reference marking at a reference position. The reference marking has two reference-marking subfields disposed in mirror symmetry relative to a reference-marking axis of symmetry, each of the subfields including a grating structure having a locally changeable graduation period. The scanning unit includes a divergently emitting light source, one or more gratings, and a reference-signal detector system. The reference-signal detector system has at least four detector arrays formed and positioned such that, from the scanning of the reference marking via the reference-signal detector system, first and second pairs of partial reference signals result, in each case having a signal pattern in phase opposition. The first pair of partial reference signals is offset by an offset amount relative to the second pair of partial reference signals.11-22-2012
20120104242Optical Reflective Encoder Systems, Devices and Methods - Disclosed are various embodiments of high-speed, high-performance, low-noise, low-cost, compact, optical encoders having a multi-faceted flat-faced lens disposed over the light emitters and light detectors thereof. Disclosed also are various means for preventing undesired stray light from reaching light detectors incorporated therein. Structures employed to block stray light in the optical encoders include light barriers, air gap trenches, and coatings disposed between first and second sides of a substrate of the encoder. Methods of making such optical encoders are also disclosed.05-03-2012
20120104241INTERPOLATION METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INCREASING THE RESOLUTION OF ENCODERS - A method for interpolating an encoded signal of encoders is disclosed. The first step may include generating four first stage signals having a first frequency that are 45 degrees out of phase. The four signals may then be multiplied to obtain a plurality of second stage signals that are 90 degrees out of phase having a second frequency two times the first frequency. The second stage signals may then go through further computation to obtain a plurality of third stage signals that are 45 degrees out of phase. The third stage signals may be further adapted for further multiplication to obtain higher levels of interpolation. Interpolators and optical encoders characterized by the interpolation capability are also disclosed.05-03-2012
20090242742OPTICAL ENCODER - An optical encoder includes a scale which is installed on one member of which, displacement is detected, and a detecting head which is installed on the other member which moves relatively with respect to the one member, and is disposed facing the scale. A predetermined optical pattern in a direction of relative movement is provided, and the detecting head includes a light emitting section which irradiates a predetermined light on the scale, a light detecting section which includes a light receiving surface which receives light through the optical pattern, which is irradiated on the scale from the light emitting section, and which detects light distribution formed on the light receiving surface, a first light transmitting member which is disposed in an optical path between the light emitting section and the scale, and a second light transmitting member which is disposed in an optical path between the scale and the light detecting section. The optical encoder further includes a stray-light reduction element which is interposed between a surface of the first light transmitting member and a surface of the second light transmitting member, and which reduces stray light which does not contribute to signal detection.10-01-2009
20090256065ABSOLUTE POSITION LENGTH MEASUREMENT TYPE ENCODER - An absolute position length measurement type encoder includes: a scale which has an ABS pattern based on a pseudorandom code and forms bright and dark patterns by the ABS pattern; a light-receiving element for receiving the bright and dark patterns; a binarization circuit for dividing a digital signal in accordance with a signal output from the light-receiving element into a mode having high brightness and a mode having lower brightness, carrying out a binarization process by a threshold value where dispersion with regard to the two modes, is maximized, and decoding the pseudorandom code by the unit of minimum line width of the ABS pattern from the binarized values; and a position detection circuit for calculating the absolute position of the scale with respect to the light-receiving element by acquiring the correlation between the decoded pseudorandom code and the design value of the pseudorandom code. Thereby, binarization errors of signals produced by the ABS pattern can be reduced, and highly accurate and stabilized measurement of an absolute position is carried out.10-15-2009
20120193523OPTICAL ENCODER WITH MISALINGMENT DETECTION AND ADJUSTMENT METHOD ASSOCIATED THEREWITH - An optical encoder includes a scale having diffraction gratings formed at predetermined pitches in a measurement axis direction, a detection head relatively movable with respect to the scale, the detection head including a light source portion configured to irradiate the scale with light, and a plurality of receiver portions configured to receive light reflected by or transmitted through the diffraction gratings of the scale, at different phases, and a signal processing device configured to perform signal processing to light reception signals output from the receiver portions of the detection head, to produce quadrature differential signals. The signal processing device is configured to calculate alignment adjustment monitor signals corresponding to a Lissajous radius of the quadrature differential signals in order to detect misalignment of the detection head with respect to the scale.08-02-2012
20100148043TILT SENSOR DEVICE - A tilt sensor includes a body; a first emitter and a first receiver being spacedly disposed on the body, the first receiver being used for receiving a first signal emitted from the first emitter, a second emitter and a second receiver being spacedly disposed on the body, the second receiver being used for receiving a second signal emitted from the second emitter, and an arm rotatably secured on the body. As the tilt sensor device is in a first tilt state, the arm blocks the first receiver to receive the first signal. As in a second tilt state, the arm blocks the second receiver to receive the second signal. As in a third tilt state, the arm blocks none of the first receiver and the second receiver to receive the first signal and to receive the second signal respectively.06-17-2010
20100155586Optical Encoder Systems, Devices and Methods - Disclosed are various embodiments of high-speed, high-performance, low-noise optical encoders having various means for preventing undesired stray light from reaching light detectors incorporated therein. Structures employed to block stray light in the optical encoders include light barriers, air gap trenches, and coatings disposed between first and second sides of a substrate of the encoder. Also disclosed are compact single track optical encoders having a single dome lens disposed thereover, and dual track triple dome lens optical encoders. Methods of making such optical encoders are also disclosed.06-24-2010
20100193671REFLECTION PLATE FOR OPTICAL ENCODER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND OPTICAL ENCODER - A reflection plate for an optical encoder includes: a base material (08-05-2010
20100243871OPTICAL ENCODER FOR DETECTING THE RELATIVE DISPLACEMENT BETWEEN AN ENCODER SCALE AND AN ENCODER HEAD - An optical encoder comprises an encoder head and a scale having a second grating that has an optical pattern. The encoder head has a light emission unit to emit specific light to the scale, a light transmission member to transmit the light emitted from the light emission unit and a light detection unit having light detection elements arranged at a predetermined pitch. The light transmission member has a first grating having an optical pattern of a predetermined pitch and an aperture to narrow the light emitted from the light emission unit and impinging on the second grating of the scale. A motion of an image on the light detection elements of the light detection unit is detected. The image is formed by the light reflected or diffracted by the second grating of the scale after the light impinges on the scale through the light transmission member.09-30-2010
20100078549TILT SENSOR - A tilt sensor includes a mount board, a cover, a light emitting and two light receiving elements on the mount board. A case, provided between the mount board and the cover, is formed with an inner space surrounded by the light emitting element and the light receiving elements. A rolling member, movable in the inner space, can take a complete shielding position, a partial shielding position and an unshielding position. At the complete shielding position, the rolling member blocks the light from the light emitting element so that no light reaches the two light receiving elements. At the partial shielding position, the rolling member blocks the light so that the light reaches only one of the two light receiving elements. At the unshielding position, the rolling member does not block the light at all so that the light reaches the two light receiving elements.04-01-2010
20090108189Sensor Device - A sensor device includes a base wall, a plurality of sidewalls cooperating with the base wall to define a receiving space that has an open end, an emitter disposed in the receiving space and having an emitter element to emit a light signal, a receiver disposed in the receiving space and having a receiver element to receive the light signal, a cover body disposed in the receiving space between the emitter and the receiver, a ball chamber formed between inner surfaces of the base wall and the cover body, a ball member disposed movably in the ball chamber, an emitter light passage optically communicating with the ball chamber and the emitter, and a receiver light passage optically communicating with the ball chamber and the receiver. The cover body, the emitter, and the receiver cooperatively close the open end of the receiving space.04-30-2009
20120032068ABSOLUTE ENCODER - An absolute encoder includes a scale in which plural marks are arranged at a first pitch; a detector configured to detect a predetermined number of marks corresponding to one of the absolute codes; and a calculator configured to calculate an absolute position of the scale based on an output of the detector. The calculator is configured to generate a data sequence constituted by the predetermined number of data by respectively quantizing the predetermined number of periodic signals output from the detector, and to obtain first position data corresponding to the one of the absolute codes based on the generated data sequence, to obtain second position data based on a phase of at least one of the predetermined number of periodic signals, and to generate data which represents the absolute position by combining the first position data and the second position data.02-09-2012
20110031383 LENS ABERRATION CORRECTION IN A DOUBLY TELECENTRIC DISPLACEMENT SENSOR - A method and apparatus for suppressing loss of scale image contrast due to interference effects from optical path length differences, including lens profile aberrations, are provided in a displacement sensing optical encoder that uses a telecentric imaging configuration. According to the invention, the encoder is configured such that the image light that reaches the detector comprises symmetric ray bundles concentrated symmetrically on opposite sides of the optical axis center at the limiting aperture of the telecentric imaging configuration. Central ray bundles, and/or other ray bundles that have an optical path lengths significantly different than the operational symmetric ray bundles are prevented or blocked. As a result destructive interference is prevented and image contrast is improved.02-10-2011
20080315076ABSOLUTE POSITION ENCODER - A scale has a first incremental track with first incremental patterns including first light and dark patterns formed at equal intervals in first periods, an absolute track with absolute patterns representing absolute positions, and a second incremental track with second incremental patterns including second light and dark patterns formed at equal intervals in second periods longer than the first periods. A light source emits a measurement light to the scale. A photodetector receives the measurement light reflected at or transmitted through the scale. A signal processing circuit processes the received light signal of the photodetector to detect an absolute position of the scale.12-25-2008
20090127445OPTICAL ENCODER - There is provided an optical encoder increasing an area of bringing a rotation disk and a hub into contact with each other, capable of drawing air at faces of the rotation disk and the hub brought into contact with each other even when there is not a center hole portion at the rotation disk, having a high adhering strength of the rotation disk and promoting a reliability. In an optical encoder including a rotation disk (05-21-2009
20080283736OPTICAL ENCODER AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT HAVING THE SAME - In the optical encoder, the DC signal to be subjected to comparison is one for the first AC signal outputted from the second current-voltage converting part and the second AC signal outputted from the fourth current-voltage converting part, so that the DC signal is used in common. Therefore, it becomes possible to reduce the light-receiving area for the DC signal. In concrete, a total (⅝)P of the widths (⅛)P of the first through fifth light-receiving elements can be made narrower than one pitch P of the moving object. Moreover, by using in common the DC signal that becomes a comparison signal, the influences of the scattering, variation and so on of light can be reduced, and variations in the signals outputted from first and second differential amplifiers that constitute the comparing parts can be reduced.11-20-2008
20080203282SENSING ABSOLUTE POSITION OF AN ENCODED OBJECT - In one aspect of the present invention, a device for sensing an absolute position of an encoded object, comprising: a position tracking module comprising: a track illumination module configured to illuminate the encoded object with one more light beams, and to detect one or more light beams resulting from said illumination of said encoded object; and an absolute position determinator configured to determine the absolute position of the encoded object based on said one or more light beams resulting from said illumination of said encoded object.08-28-2008
20120126103OPTICAL DISPLACEMENT DETECTION APPARATUS - An optical displacement detection apparatus includes a scale and a sensor head. The scale has a first and second pattern. The head includes a first photodetector that detects a beam through the first pattern and generates a first signal, and a second photodetector that detects the beam through the second pattern and generates a second signal. The first and second signals include a first component, and a second component that corresponds to an absolute displacement of the scale. The first pattern, the second pattern, the first photodetector, the second photodetector, and a beam source are disposed such that the detection of the first photodetector and the detection of the second photodetector are performed correlatively.05-24-2012
20110186718Optical Touch Panel - An optical touch panel comprises a transparent plate, a plurality of light-emitting devices and a plurality of light-receiving devices arranged around the transparent plate, a first substrate to which some of the light-receiving devices are fixed, and a second substrate to which others of the light-receiving devices are fixed. Each of the substrates has a surface layer that has a surface roughness which causes diffuse reflection of the same kind of light as light emitted by the light-emitting devices. A region having the surface roughness on a surface of the surface layer includes a region on the surface of the surface layer included in directivity ranges of the light-receiving devices fixed to the substrate.08-04-2011
20100025572Touch Sensitive Momentary Contact Switch - A touch-sensitive momentary-contact switch has an optical sensor, particularly an infrared sensor, and an evaluation circuit. The evaluation circuit is able to identify a malfunction in the optical sensor, so that the momentary-contact switch can be switched off, for example, for safety reasons. Therefore, it is possible to identify a malfunction in the optical sensor.02-04-2010
20120001063ABSOLUTE ENCODER - An absolute encoder (01-05-2012
20120006982ROTARY ENCODER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A rotating shaft; a boss that has a fitting hole formed in a center portion thereof, has a clean adhering surface at an end thereof, and is configured so that the rotating shaft is fitted into the fitting hole while the boss is fixed to the rotating shaft by a fixing member; a pulse disk that has an interference-fit hole formed in a center portion thereof for the rotating shaft, has a clean adhesion-receiving surface in a surrounding of the interference-fit hole, is configured so that the rotating shaft is pressed into the interference-fit hole and so that the adhesion-receiving surface is adhered to the adhering surface of the boss by an adhesive agent, and has a position detecting pattern formed thereon; a light emitting element that radiates light; and a light receiving element that receives the light from the light emitting element via the position detecting pattern are included.01-12-2012
20120205527ENCODER, OPTICAL MODULE AND SERVO SYSTEM - An encoder includes a slit array along a first measurement axis, and an optical module capable of relatively moving with respect to the slit array. The optical module comprises a point light source that irradiates the part of the slit array, and a light receiving array comprising a plurality of light receiving elements along a second measurement axis and arranged in positions offset with respect to the point light source. The light receiving elements is receiving light irradiated from the point light source and reflected from the reflection slit. The plurality of light receiving elements comprises respective shapes such that the light receiving element nearer to the point light source comprises a shorter length in a width direction and end parts on an opposite side of the light receiving element with respect to the point light source are arranged side by side in positions along the second measurement axis.08-16-2012
20120012740OPTICAL SENSOR - According to one embodiment, an optical sensor includes a photodetector and a substrate. The photodetector detects light. The substrate in which the photodetector is received includes at least three layers including a cover layer, a spacer layer, and a base layer. The substrate includes an electrical conductive portion for the photodetector.01-19-2012
20110095171PHOTOELECTRIC ENCODER - A photoelectric encoder in which light emitted from a light source is modulated by an optical grating and the modulated light is detected by a light receiving element, includes a one-side telecentric optical system which forms an image of the light modulated by the optical grating. The imaging optical system has an aperture through which part of the light modulated by the optical grating is allowed to transmit, the aperture having a size which is required when a cutoff spatial frequency that is a spatial frequency indicating a resolution limit of the imaging optical system due to the light emitted from the light source has a value between a fundamental spatial frequency of the optical grating obtained by a Fourier transformation and a second harmonic of the fundamental spatial frequency.04-28-2011
20110049341OPTICAL ENCODER - Present invention provides an optical encoder capable of improving the precision of an interpolation angle in a single signal track, in an encoder of sine-wave angle interpolation type. The optical encoder includes a waveform, in which a phase-modulated wave is superimposed in a predetermined period over a sine-wave of a fundamental period, as a signal track (03-03-2011
20120126102Optical Encoder - Optical encoders supply binary logic signals representing the relative position increments of two elements of the encoder, the two elements being mobile relative to one another. The first element bears at least one mark and the second element bears a pair of detection cells for detecting the mark. The dimensions of the mark are defined so that said mark can be detected either by neither of the two cells, or by a single cell or by both cells. The invention is well suited to angular encoders, and makes it possible to widen the manufacturing tolerances of the marks on the first element and on the relative position of the two cells.05-24-2012
20100213358OPTICAL ENCODER AND METHOD FOR MEASURING DISPLACEMENT INFORMATION USING MULTIPLE OPTICAL TRACKS OF DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL REGIONS HAVING DIFFERENT PERIODICITIES - An optical encoder and method for measuring displacement information uses an encoder member that includes multiple optical tracks of diffractive optical regions having different periodicities with respect to consecutive identical diffractive optical regions to produce diffracted beams of light from at least one beam of light emitted from a light source. The diffracted beams of light are received at photodetectors, which produce electrical signals in response to the received beams of light. The electrical signals are related to the displacement information being measured.08-26-2010
20120312972OPTICAL ENCODER INCLUDING DISPLACEMENT SENSING NORMAL TO THE ENCODER SCALE GRATING SURFACE - Disclosed is a displacement sensor configuration, comprising a scale grating disposed in a first direction; and a scale light imaging configuration which includes first and second optical paths and a detector including first and second detector portions. The imaging portion inputs a first scale light component output by the scale grating along the first optical path and transmits the first scale light component to the first detector portion, the imaging portion inputs a second scale light component output by the scale grating along the second optical path and transmits the second scale light component to the second detector portion, the first detector portion is configured to output a first displacement signal indicative of a displacement along the first direction, and the second detector portion is configured to output a second displacement signal indicative of a displacement along a second direction perpendicular to the first direction.12-13-2012
20090095892Encoder Error Determination - A rideheight sensing device is described for providing a measure of the separation between the readhead portion and the scale of an encoder. The rideheight sensing device comprises a rideheight sensor that is located at, or is attachable to, the readhead portion of an encoder. The temporary, or permanent, attachment of such a device to the readhead portion of an encoder is also described. In a preferred embodiment, a rotary encoder is described and the rideheight sensing device is used to measure the eccentricity thereof.04-16-2009
20100270461PHOTOELECTRIC ENCODER AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF THE SAME - A photoelectric encoder includes: a scale provided with a first optical grating; a detector unit opposed to the scale; and a light source integrated with the scale, the light source emitting light to be modulated by the first optical grating and received by the detector unit.10-28-2010
20120261562ENCODER - An encoder includes a scale that includes a plurality of unit block patterns arranged in a position measuring direction with a period of a pitch. A pattern of the unit block pattern has a symmetrical shape with respect to a symmetry line perpendicular to the position measuring direction. Each unit block pattern includes a plurality of divided sections along a direction perpendicular to the position measuring direction. An area ratio of the pattern which is a value made by dividing an area of the pattern in each divided section by an area of the divided section is different between two adjacent divided sections. The pattern in each divided section has a rectangular shape defined by two parallel lines that extend in the position measuring direction and two parallel lines that extend in the direction perpendicular to the position measuring direction.10-18-2012
20120261561ENCODER - An encoder includes a scale that includes a pattern row, a detector array, and a signal processor. The pattern row has a plurality of different modulation periods in the moving direction, an amplitude of the energy distribution in the pattern having at least one modulation period being configured to change with a position of the scale in the moving direction. The signal processor acquirers an amplitude of an energy distribution of a corresponding modulation period based on an output signal from the detector array, and an amplitude signal obtained by normalizing a plurality of amplitudes obtained by the plurality of amplitude acquirers, the amplitude signal serving as a position signal representative of the position of the scale.10-18-2012
20120326016TWO-DIMENSIONAL ABSOLUTE ENCODER AND SCALE THEREFOR - A two-dimensional absolute encoder includes; a scale on which marks are arranged at predetermined pitches along first and second directions; a detector configured to detect a number of marks arranged in each direction; and a processor configured to obtain an absolute position of the scale in the each direction based on outputs from the detector. Each mark has one of characteristic corresponding to information of a quantized code used for indicating a position in the each direction. The processor is configured to generate a code sequence including the number of codes based on detection of the number of marks and information corresponding to the characteristic, and to obtain an absolute position of the scale in the each direction based on the code sequence.12-27-2012
20130015336PHOTOSENSOR FOR POSITION DETECTING DEVICE, POSITION DETECTING DEVICE USING SAME AND POSITION DETECTING METHODAANM OHNO; FumiakiAACI Fujimino-shiAACO JPAAGP OHNO; Fumiaki Fujimino-shi JPAANM Fukui; KazuhitoAACI Fujimino-shiAACO JPAAGP Fukui; Kazuhito Fujimino-shi JP - An object of the present invention is to provide a position detecting device using a reflection type photosensor, which assures a small size and low cost and enables detection of a long distance of about 10 mm or more, and a position detecting method. The position of a moving body is detected by providing, on the moving body, a reflection plate (01-17-2013
20130020475OPTICAL WHEEL, ROTARY ENCODER, LINEAR ENCODER AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A ZEROING SIGNAL OF A ROTARY ENCODER - A rotary encoder and an optical wheel for the rotary encoder are provided. The rotary encoder further includes a light source module, a code plate and an optical sensor module. The light source module is coupled with the code plate. The optical wheel is rotary, and has imaging elements arranged annularly; at least one of the imaging elements is coupled with the code plate. The optical sensor module is coupled with at least one of the imaging elements. The light source module emits lights to the code plate, and the lights passing through the code plate forms an image which is then transmitted to the optical sensor module via the imaging element. When the optical wheel rotates, the image moves accordingly. The optical sensor module senses that the image moves. A method for generating a zeroing signal of a rotary encoder and a liner encoder are also provided.01-24-2013
20130112861INDEXED OPTICAL ENCODER, METHOD FOR INDEXING AN OPTICAL ENCODER, AND METHOD FOR DYNAMICALLY ADJUSTING GAIN AND OFFSET IN AN OPTICAL ENCODER - An optical encoder may include an encoder disk, an illumination system, and a detector to detect light diffracted from the encoder disk. The encoder disk may include a signal track comprising a diffraction grating, and an index track comprising a reflective index mark, wherein a width of the index mark is larger than a pitch of the diffraction grating. An indexing method may include providing an encoder disk, providing an illumination system to direct light to the encoder disk, providing a detector structured to detect light diffracted from the encoder disk, calculating an estimated count of quadrature states from a rising edge of an index pulse to a middle of the index interval, and calculating the quadrature state at an approximate center of the index pulse. A dynamic parameter correction method may include calculating a target gain and offset and correcting values based on the target gain and offset.05-09-2013
20130099105ENCODER AND APPARATUS USING THE SAME - The encoder includes a scale including first and second periodic patterns, and a detector relatively movable with respect to the scale and whose detection state is switchable between a first detection state to read the first periodic pattern and output a first signal and a second detection state to read the second periodic pattern and output a second signal. A processor performs a first process to detect a first absolute position by using the first and second signals and then performs a second process to calculate a relative movement amount by using a specific signal that is one of the first and second signals and detect a second absolute position by using the relative movement amount and the first absolute position. The specific signal is obtained from the detector set in a same detection state as that set last in the first process.04-25-2013
20130112860REFLECTIVE OPTICAL SCALE FOR ENCODER AND REFLECTIVE OPTICAL ENCODER - A reflective optical scale for an encoder, in which a first region and a second region are alternately arranged on an underlying member, wherein the first region has a reflecting member on the underlying member, a layer made up of a first material, and a layer made up of a second material, the second region has the layer made up of the second material, the first and the second material have transparency, the first material has a lower refractive index of the light than the reflecting member and the second material, the second material has a lower refractive index of the light than the underlying member, and optical thicknesses of the first and the second material are set so that a reflectance of the light of the first region is higher than the second region.05-09-2013
20130112859OPTICAL ENCODER READHEAD CONFIGURED TO BLOCK STRAY LIGHT - An optical readhead for measuring a displacement along a measuring axis direction between the readhead and a scale track comprises an illumination portion configured to output source light to the scale track and a monolithic detector configuration. The monolithic detector configuration comprises: a first track photodetector portion configured to receive scale light from the scale track; a first metal layer; a second metal layer; and a plurality of dummy vias between the first metal layer and the second metal layer. The plurality of dummy vias is arranged to block light transmission along a layer between the first and second metal layers, and the plurality of dummy vias is formed by the same process steps used to fabricate a plurality of active vias used to connect circuit elements on the monolithic detector configuration.05-09-2013
20130126718OPTICAL ENCODER AND APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME - The optical encoder includes a scale provided with a periodic pattern in which an optical portion is periodically formed with a first period in a first direction, and a light receiver movable relatively with the scale in the first direction and photoelectrically converts a detection light from a light source and then passing through the optical portions. The optical portion periodically has a pattern, which is formed by pattern portions mutually adjacent in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction and mutually shifted in the first direction, in the second direction with a second period of t. A width w of the light source in the second direction satisfies w=(a+b)/b·nt where n represents a natural number, and a:b represents a ratio of a distance from the light source to the periodic pattern and a distance from the periodic pattern to the light receiver.05-23-2013
20090272884Optical Encoder with Amplitude Correction - According to one embodiment, there is provided an optical encoder having a photodetector array comprising motion detection photodetectors and at least one reference photodetector vertically offset from the motion detection photodetectors. The output signal generated by the at least one reference photodetectors is employed to correct undesired variations in the amplitudes of the output signals generated by the motion detection photodetectors. Such variations typically arise from various mechanical and optical misalignments in the optical encoder, and are compensated for by using the reference output signal to add to or subtract from, as required, the amplitudes of motion detection output signals.11-05-2009
20110233389OPTICAL ENCODER - An linear encoder includes: a scale; a light-emitting element that emits light onto the scale; a detecting head that has a light-receiving element that receives the light emitted by the light-emitting element to be reflected or transmitted by the scale; and a connector connected to the detecting head via a cable. The connector comprises a display that displays a status of the light received by the light-receiving element and a connector controller that controls the display. The connector controller includes a display controller that controls the display in accordance with the intensity of the light received by the light-receiving element.09-29-2011
20110272565ENCODER - An encoder includes: a light modulation section which modulates at least a portion of light that is emitted from a light source; a moving member which has an incidence plane, on which a plurality of light beams of the light incident, and is relatively movable in at least one direction; and at least two light receiving sections which respectively receive interference fringes that are generated in at least two regions on the moving member, wherein the light enters into the moving member such that at least two interference fringes move in opposite directions on the moving member in accordance with a modulation by the light modulation section.11-10-2011
20110272564PHOTOELECTRIC ENCODER - A photoelectric encoder has a scale in which a main track for detecting an amount of movement is formed in a measuring direction. The photoelectric encoder includes an origin signal generating portion provided at a part of the main track in a direction orthogonal to the measuring direction. Thereby, change in a light receiving signal due to passage of the origin signal generating portion is detected to generate an origin signal. Thus, the origin signal which is in agreement with a main signal in phase is obtained and improve the reproducibility of an origin position.11-10-2011
20130181121ILLUMINATION PORTION FOR AN ADAPTABLE RESOLUTION OPTICAL ENCODER - An illumination portion of an optical encoder comprising a scale track extending along a measuring axis direction, an imaging portion, and a detector configuration. The illumination portion comprises: a light source configured to output source light; a collimation portion; and a structured illumination generating portion comprising a beam-separating portion and an illumination grating and configured to input the source light and output structured illumination to the scale track. The beam-separating portion is arranged to input the source light and output a first source light portion and a second source light portion to the illumination grating, such that they form beams that are spaced apart from one another along the measuring axis direction. The illumination grating is configured to diffract the first and second source light portions to the scale track such that only two orders of diffracted light overlap within an imaged region.07-18-2013
20130119244LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT DRIVING CIRCUIT - A light-emitting element driving circuit comprising, a light-emitting element, a driving unit which has a control terminal and is configured to drive the light-emitting element according to a potential of the control terminal, a node connected to the control terminal, a monitor configured to monitor an emitted light amount of the light-emitting element, a potential control unit configured to control a potential of the node so that the emitted light amount of the light-emitting element approaches a target value, and an auxiliary potential control unit configured to assist potential control of the node by the potential control unit when a difference between the emitted light amount of the light-emitting element detected by the monitor and the target value is larger than a reference amount.05-16-2013
20120025066POSITION ENCODER APPARATUS - A position encoder kit, including: a scale comprising a series of position features; and a readhead. The readhead includes a detector for receiving configuration information from a configuration item. The readhead is configured to operate in accordance with the configuration information. The readhead also includes a receiver interface via which the readhead can supply position information to a receiver.02-02-2012
20130206970PHOTOELECTRIC ENCODER - A photoelectric encoder according to the present invention comprises a light-receiving unit including: a first and second light-receiving element column; and a light-blocking layer configured from a light-blocking portion and a light-transmitting portion, the first and second light-receiving element columns being disposed staggered in a second direction such that an arrangement pattern of light-receiving elements in the first and second light-receiving element columns has a pitch which is the same in a first direction and a phase which differs in the first direction, and the light-transmitting portion on the light-receiving surface of the light-receiving element in the first light-receiving element column and the light-transmitting portion on the light-receiving surface of the light-receiving element in the second light-receiving element column being formed so as not to overlap each other when staggered in the second direction.08-15-2013
20120085897ENCODER - A detection head includes a plurality of detection array portions that are arranged in a direction along which the head is relatively displaceable. Position signals indicating a position of the detection head are calculated from output signals output from the detection array portions. In order to combine the position signals with one another and determine the position of the detection head with respect to the scale, weighting according to a level of the output signal is performed on the position signal of each of the detection array portions, and the weighted position signals are averaged.04-12-2012
20120085896ORIGIN LOCATION DETECTION CIRCUIT - An origin location detection circuit in an encoder. The encoder includes a scale on which an origin pattern indicating an origin is provided and a detection head relatively displaceable with respect to the scale. The origin location detection circuit includes a comparator for generating an origin signal indicating a location of the origin from an output voltage signal, which is output from a detector of the detection head and has been affected by involvement of the origin pattern; a DC voltage detection circuit smoothing the output voltage signal; and a differential amplifier circuit performing differential amplification of the output voltage signal and a DC voltage signal output from the DC voltage detection circuit. A differential amplifier signal of the differential amplifier circuit is input to the comparator.04-12-2012

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