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Filtering through membrane (e.g., ultrafiltration)

Subclass of:

210 - Liquid purification or separation

210600000 - PROCESSES

210634000 - Liquid/liquid solvent or colloidal extraction or diffusing or passing through septum selective as to material of a component of liquid; such diffusing or passing being effected by other than only an ion exchange or sorption process

210649000 - Diffusing or passing through septum selective as to material of a component of liquid

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
210652000 Hyperfiltration (e.g., reverse osmosis, etc.) 129
210651000 Removing specified material 48
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20110174735Unit And Method For Preparing A Sample For The Microbiological Analysis Of A Liquid - The unit comprises a filter membrane (07-21-2011
20130043189Filtration Device Having Internal Recirculation - A device for micro-, ultra-, or nanofiltration that includes one or more flat filter modules having flat filter elements arranged in parallel and at a distance from each other and gas injectors of one or more gas lifting systems for producing a circulating cross flow directed tangentially to the surface of the flat filter elements and having at least one rising area, in which the cross flow flows substantially vertically upward, and at least one falling area, in which the cross flow flows substantially vertically downward, in which the rising area flows through 10 to 100% and the falling area flows through 10 to 100% of an inlet-flow volume of the at least one flat filter module.02-21-2013
20130043188CONTROL OF IMMERSED MEMBRANE SYSTEM CONSIDERING ENERGY COST FLUCTUATIONS - An immersed membrane filtration system is operated in view of an electricity pricing programs in which the price of electricity varies over time. Examples of such programs include time of use pricing, critical peak pricing and critical peak rebate programs. Alternatively, the filtration system may be operated, for example as part of a smart grid, in view of requests or demands by an electrical utility for time limited reductions in energy use. During a high energy cost period of time, one or more membrane units are shut down. Preferably, aeration of the still operating membrane units is not increased. The flux of the still operating trains may be increased towards a pre-determined maximum permitted flux, or towards a maximum flux that is calculated in view of operational parameters such as water temperature or viscosity. Optionally, during a low energy cost period of time, one or more additional membrane units may be turned on. Optionally, the transfer of water from an equalization tank may also be controlled in view of the energy pricing program.02-21-2013
20100155334HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE MODULE, PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE MODULE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF PURIFYING SUSPENDED WATER WITH USE - A hollow fiber membrane module characterized by having a tubular module case; a bundle of a multiplicity of hollow fiber membranes housed in the module case; adhesively fixing parts for fixing both side edge portions of the bundle in the module case in such a fashion that raw fluid can pass through the interior of the hollow fiber membranes; a permeated fluid communication part adapted for passable connection between both end faces outside the adhesively fixing parts by a pipe of diameter significantly larger than that of the hollow fiber membranes; and a raw fluid distribution supply part capable of feeding the raw fluid into the module case at one of the adhesively fixing parts, wherein the raw fluid distribution supply part has multiple raw fluid introduction holes made in hollow fiber membrane interspaces so as to be able to supply the raw fluid along the longitudinal direction of the hollow fiber membranes.06-24-2010
20100133190METHOD TO IMPROVE THE SELECTIVITY OF POLYBENZOXAZOLE MEMBRANES - The present invention discloses a novel method to improve the selectivities of polybenzoxazole (PBO) membranes prepared from aromatic polyimide membranes for gas, vapor, and liquid separations. The PBO membranes that were prepared by thermal treating aromatic polyimide membranes containing between 0.05 and 20 wt-% of a poly(styrene sulfonic acid) polymer. These polymers showed up to 95% improvement in selectivity for CO06-03-2010
20130075336METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTINUOUS SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION OF GANODERIC ACIDS AND POLYSACCHARIDES - The present invention provides a method and system for continuous separation and purification of ganoderic acids and polysaccharides, which, via the help of supercritical fluid technology, could feed continuously 03-28-2013
20130037486FLUID TREATMENT ASSEMBLIES, MANIFOLDS FOR FLUID TREATMENT ASSEMBLIES, AND METHODS FOR TREATING FLUIDS - A fluid treatment assembly comprises one or more cross flow fluid treatment units positioned between opposite end pieces. The fluid treatment unit includes a permeable fluid treatment medium having a feed side and a permeate side. The fluid treatment assembly further comprises a feed inlet and feed passage, a permeate outlet and a permeate passage, and a retentate outlet and a retentate passage. The feed passage directs feed fluid from the feed inlet to the permeable medium and tangentially along the feed side of the permeable medium. The permeate passage directs permeate from the permeate side of the permeable medium to the permeate outlet. The retentate passage directs retentate from the feed side of the permeable medium to the retentate outlet. A flow restrictor is positioned in the retentate passage.02-14-2013
20090101578Process for enhanced total organic carbon removal while maintaining optimum membrane filter performance - One embodiment of a method to system for enhancing TOC removal while maintaining membrane filter performance is the implementation of a dual pH control system. This embodiment will enhance the ability to maximize TOC removal while maintaining optimum membrane filter performance. By adjusting pH, dosing a chemical coagulant and incorporating liquid-solids separation, a considerably higher degree of TOC removal is possible. By adjusting pH again after liquid-solids separation this embodiment can drastically increase the efficiency of the membrane microfiltration/ultrafiltration system.04-23-2009
20130032539Centrifugal Filter - Filtration device suited for concentration of liquid samples, particularly biomolecules, and a method of concentrating, desalting, purifying and/or fractionating liquid samples. In certain embodiments the device includes a housing having a sample reservoir, and two substantially vertically oriented and spaced apart membranes disposed in the housing. An underdrain is associated with each membrane such that fluid passing through each membrane flows through a respective underdrain into a filtrate collection chamber. The fluid that does not pass through the membrane is collected in the retentate collection chamber, and can be recovered such as by a reverse spinning step, achieving recoveries greater than about 90%. The substantially vertical orientation of the membranes increases the available membrane area by at least 2.7 times the area available in a conventional filter device. The two-panel configuration also maintains more available membrane area in use during the last stages of filtration than a one-panel configuration.02-07-2013
20130081999Bridged Macrocyclic Module Compositions - This invention is related to the fields of organic chemistry and nanotechnology. In particular, it relates to materials and methods for the preparation of organic synthons and bridged macrocyclic module components. The bridge macrocyclic module compounds may be used to prepare macrocyclic module compositions such as nanofilms, which may be useful for filtration.04-04-2013
20120103904SEPARATION MEMBRANE MODULE FOR OIL-CONTAINING WASTEWATER TREATMENT, OIL-CONTAINING WASTEWATER TREATMENT METHOD, AND OIL-CONTAINING WASTEWATER TREATMENT APPARATUS - Provided is a separation membrane module which is suitable for filtration of oil-containing wastewater. The separation membrane module for oil-containing wastewater treatment separates water-insoluble oil from oil-containing wastewater that has high turbidity and/or high temperature. The separation membrane module for oil-containing wastewater treatment is characterized by using a hollow fiber membrane which is composed of an alkali-resistant porous membrane selected from polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polysulfone (PSF), and polyether sulfone (PES) and which has a tensile strength of 30 N or more, and characterized in that each of the hollow fiber membrane and an end-sealing member of the hollow fiber membrane has a heat distortion temperature of 100° C. or higher.05-03-2012
20130056420MULTILAYER MICROFILTRATION MEMBRANE - A microfiltration membrane comprising (a) an asymmetric layer, (b) an isometric layer, and (c) an interface layer between the asymmetric layer and the isometric layer, the interface layer having a first portion contacting the asymmetric layer and a second portion contacting the isometric layer; wherein, (i) the asymmetric layer has a region contacting the first portion of the interface layer, the region including cells having a first porous structure; (ii) the isometric layer has a region contacting the second portion of the interface layer, the region including cells having a second porous structure; the first porous structure being larger than the second porous structure; and the first portion of the interface layer comprises cells having the first porous structure, and the second portion of the interface layer comprises cells having the second porous structure, and methods of making and using the membrane, are disclosed. Also disclosed is a microfiltration membrane comprising (a) a first asymmetric layer, (b) a second asymmetric layer, and (c) an interface layer between the first asymmetric layer and the second asymmetric layer, the interface layer having a first portion contacting the first asymmetric layer and a second portion contacting the second asymmetric layer; wherein, (i) the first asymmetric layer has a region contacting the first portion of the interface layer, the region including cells having a first porous structure; (ii) the second asymmetric layer has a region contacting the second portion of the interface layer, the region including cells having a second porous structure; the first porous structure being larger than the second porous structure; and the first portion of the interface layer comprises cells having the first porous structure, and the second portion of the interface layer comprises cells having the second porous structure, as well as methods of making and using the membrane.03-07-2013
20090057225Filtration Membrane - The invention is directed to a ultrafiltration membrane that is capable for the retention of endotoxines and cytokine inducing substances (CIS) including bacterial DNA and/or DNA fragments from fluid and/or liquid media. The invention is further directed to a method of manufacturing such ultrafiltration membranes in a high quality and in an effective and time saving procedure, and to the use of such membranes for the retention of substances from fluids or liquids. The ultrafiltration membrane of the invention consists of a polymer blend comprising at least one hydrophobic polymer containing sulfur in its back bone, at least one hydrophilic, uncharged homo-polymer of polyvinylpyrrolidone and at least one polymer containing cationic charges. The method of manufacturing such a ultrafiltration membrane comprises dissolving at least one hydrophobic polymer containing sulfur in its back bone and at least one hydrophilic, uncharged polyvinylpyrrolidone and at least one polymer containing cationic charges in at least one solvent to form a polymer solution, subjecting the formed polymer solution to a diffusion-induced phase separation to prepare a ultrafiltration membrane, washing and subsequently drying of the ultrafiltration membrane.03-05-2009
20130062285Oil-Tolerant Polymer Membranes for Oil-Water Separations - The invention relates to oil-tolerant water-filtration membranes comprising a microporous hydrogel coated on a porous polymeric support membrane, useful in separating hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon emulsions from a water sample. The oil-tolerant water-filtration membranes comprising a hydrophilic microporous crosslinked polymeric hydrogel coated on at least one side of a porous polymeric support membrane. The water-filtration membrane having a first face corresponding to the discrimination layer and a second face corresponding to the porous support, applying pressure to a water solution, having at least one solute, at the first face of the water-filtration membrane, and collecting purified water at the second face of water-filtration membrane. Polymeric membranes have many advantages over ceramics, including inexpensive manufacture and the ability to be manufactured into very compact (high surface area) elements.03-14-2013
20130062284DRAINAGE SYSTEM - A system for draining sludge is provided using water-permeable hoses which are closed at both ends and filled with sludge. A first, lower row of sludge-filled hoses located parallel to one another, and one beside the other, has arranged on it at least a second row of sludge-filled hoses located parallel to one another, and one beside the other. The second row can have arranged on it a third, fourth or further row of sludge-filled hoses. On the upper side of each row which bears at least one further row of sludge-filled hoses, drainage pipes, which extend over the length of the hoses, are arranged in the upwardly open channels, which are formed by in each case two sludge-filled hoses located one beside the other. The hoses have a diameter of 0.4 to 1.6 m and a length of at least 10 m.03-14-2013
20120223017OIL PURIFICATION METHOD AND APPARATUS WITH POROUS MEMBRANE - Provided is a method of purifying oil by which nano particles are effectively removed from the oil. According to the oil purifying method, oil is effectively purified at a high temperature using a carbon nanostructure-metal or -metal oxide composite nano porous membrane composed of a carbon nanostructure-metal composite09-06-2012
20120234757INTRAVENOUS FILTER - Intravenous fluid filter devices including a filter comprising spaced apart first and second filter elements comprising hydrophilic membranes and providing inside-out flow, and methods of using the devices, are disclosed.09-20-2012
20130161258SANITARY BRINE SEAL - The present disclosure describes a brine seal for use with a spiral wound membrane element. The brine seal has an elongate body with a flexible wing. The brine seal is wrapped around the spiral membrane element with a space between each turn of the brine seal. The wrapped spiral wound membrane unit is placed inside a pressure housing. Between the wrapped spiral wound membrane element and an inner surface of the pressure housing is an annular space. The brine seal, the spiral wound membrane element and the pressure housing establish a bypass flow channel that spirals around the spiral wound membrane element, through the annular space. Feedstock can enter the bypass flow channel to provide sanitary flushing of the annular space. Some of the feedstock in the bypass flow channel enters the spiral wound membrane to improve the efficiency of the spiral wound membrane element.06-27-2013
20130213892METHOD AND CONTROL DEVICES FOR PRODUCTION OF CONSISTENT WATER QUALITY FROM MEMBRANE-BASED WATER TREATMENT FOR USE IN IMPROVED HYDROCARBON RECOVERY OPERATIONS - A method for treating water including intaking a first amount of water from a first source into a plurality of treatment blocks, treating the first amount of water, outputting aqueous treated water streams from each of the plurality of treatment blocks, separating the aqueous treated water streams from each of the plurality of treatment blocks into aqueous permeate streams and concentrate reject streams, monitoring each of the aqueous permeate streams, controlling the operation of at least one of the plurality of treatment blocks based on predefined water-characteristic tolerances that fall within a predetermined concentration range based on the different qualities of the aqueous permeate streams, outputting a product water stream into an injection water reservoir or blend point, the product water stream including the aqueous permeate stream, intaking a second amount of water from a second source, treating the second amount of water, and discharging the dischargeable water stream.08-22-2013
20130161257AXIAL BYPASS SLEEVE - The present disclosure describes an axial bypass sleeve for use with a spiral wound membrane element. The axial bypass sleeve has a protrusion and an opening that defines a flow path to provide fluid flow communication through the axial bypass sleeve. In use, the axial bypass sleeve is wrapped around a spiral wound membrane element and both are placed in a pressure housing. A pressurized feedstock is introduced into the pressure housing. A portion of the pressurized feedstock flows through the spiral wound membrane element to produce a permeate stream and a retentate stream. A portion of the pressurized feed stock flows around the spiral wound membrane element, called bypass flow. The protrusion extends into the annular space to restrict the bypass flow. A portion of the bypass flow passes through the opening and enters into the spiral wound membrane element to increase permeate production.06-27-2013
20110278227POLYMER MEMBRANES PREPARED FROM AROMATIC POLYIMIDE MEMBRANES BY THERMAL TREATING AND UV CROSSLINKING - The present invention discloses a new type of high performance polymer membranes prepared from aromatic polyimide membranes by thermal treating and crosslinking and methods for making and using these membranes. The polymer membranes were prepared from aromatic polyimide membranes by thermal treating under inert atmosphere followed by crosslinking preferably by using a UV radiation source. The aromatic polyimide membranes were made from aromatic polyimide polymers comprising both pendent hydroxy functional groups ortho to the heterocyclic imide nitrogen and cross-linkable functional groups in the polymer backbone. The membranes showed significantly improved selectivity and permeability for gas separations compared to the aromatic polyimide membranes without any treatment. The membranes can be fabricated into any convenient geometry and are not only suitable for a variety of liquid, gas, and vapor separations, but also can be used for other applications such as for catalysis and fuel cell applications.11-17-2011
20090127199METHOD AND DEVICE FOR FLUORIDE REMOVAL FROM DRINKING WATER - A water filtration device and method in which water is pumped through a chamber containing iron oxide particles or material, which allows removal of ionic contaminants, including fluoride. Water is then pumped through a plurality of ultrafilration tubes. The water enters the sides of the tubes into the tube interior and flows out of the open ends of the tubes. The sides and the ends of the tubes are separated by a water impermeable barrier.05-21-2009
20100219130System and Method of Fluid Filtration Utilizing Cross-Flow Currents - A filter system and method of filtering a feed liquid utilizing a combined plurality of filter assemblies. Each filter assembly includes a filter housing, a filter cartridge and a spiral passageway for imparting secondary flow currents, particularly Dean-Flow currents, to fluid flowing within the spiral passageways to prevent particulate build-up on filter surfaces so as to extend filter life and duration between replacement. The filter system can be operated within positive or negative pressure filtration processes. A dual-stage filtration process utilizing a cap filter and a cylindrical depth filter is also disclosed.09-02-2010
20100258504FABRICATION OF ASYMMETRIC POLYSULFONE MEMBRANE FOR DRINKING WATER PURIFICATION - The present invention provides a bio-membrane formulation to be used to eliminate microorganism, turbidity, suspended particles and organic matters from drinking water wherein the bio-membrane includes a polysulfone with a concentration of 15%-18%, N,N-dimethylacetamide of 65%-70% and poly (vinyl-pyrolidone)-K30 at 10%-15%.10-14-2010
20110290727Process for Preparing Membranes - A process for preparing a composite membrane comprising the steps of: 12-01-2011
20090127197Polymer Functionalized Molecular Sieve/Polymer Mixed Matrix Membranes - The present invention discloses polymer functionalized molecular sieve/polymer mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) with either no macrovoids or voids of less than several Angstroms at the interface of the polymer matrix and the molecular sieves by incorporating polymer functionalized molecular sieves into a continuous polymer matrix. The MMMs exhibit significantly enhanced selectivity and/or permeability over the polymer membranes made from the corresponding continuous polymer matrices for separations. The MMMs are suitable for a variety of liquid, gas, and vapor separations such as deep desulfurization of gasoline and diesel fuels, ethanol/water separations, pervaporation dehydration of aqueous/organic mixtures, CO05-21-2009
20120097611COMPOSITE ADSORBENT FROM NATURAL RAW MATERIAL AND USING THE SAME TO REMOVE HEAVY METAL FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER - An adsorbent composition and method of cleaning the industrial waste water using the composite is described. The method for removing heavy metals from contaminated water is done by mixing contaminated water having a concentration of one or more heavy metals with an adsorbent composite comprising granules of a mixture of 50.363 wt % kaolin clay, a 4.477 wt % roasted date pits powder, a 5.54 wt % silica powder a 14.99 wt % magnesite powder and a 24.623 wt % water. After reacting the contaminated water and adsorbent composite together for a specific time the water is filtered and was found to contain reduced amount of heavy metals. The cleaned water can further be used for industrial cooling systems or watering gardens.04-26-2012
20120097610METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MICROFILTRATION TO PERFORM CELL SEPARATION - A microfiltration apparatus and method for separating cells, such as circulating tumor cells, from a sample using a microfiltration device having a top porous membrane and a bottom porous membrane. The porous membranes are formed from parylene and assembled using microfabrication techniques. The porous membranes are arranged so that the pores in the top membrane are offset from the pores in the bottom membrane.04-26-2012
20110215051METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE FILTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL SOLUTIONS - A system, method and device are disclosed for bio-processing a feed stream and providing a constant output by operating a continuous single-pass tangential-flow process. The single-pass process provides high conversion concentration while operating at relatively low feed flow rates, and the process can also be used to provide constant output diafiltration.09-08-2011
20090277837Fluoropolymer Coated Membranes - The present invention discloses fluoropolymer coated membranes and methods for making and using these membranes. The fluoropolymer coated membranes described in the current invention are prepared by coating a porous asymmetric membrane layer with a thin layer of fluoropolymer coating. The porous asymmetric membrane layer comprises an asymmetric cellulosic membrane, an asymmetric polymer membrane, or an asymmetric molecular sieve/polymer mixed matrix membrane with a low selectivity and high permeance. The fluoropolymer coating improves the selectivity of the porous asymmetric membrane layer and maintains the membrane performance with time. The fluoropolymer coated membranes are suitable for a variety of liquid, gas, and vapor separations such as desalination of water by reverse osmosis, non-aqueous liquid separation such as deep desulfurization of gasoline and diesel fuels, ethanol/water separations, pervaporation dehydration of aqueous/organic mixtures, CO11-12-2009
20090314715Method of dewatering solids laden liquids utilizing a reusable filter element - A method of dewatering a solids laden waste stream, whereby the slurry is pumped into a vertical filter retaining structure and the liquid is allowed to flow out through the pores of the filtration element while retaining the solids within the structure. After the solids have dewatered, doors or gates located at the bottom of the structure are opened and the solids drop out the bottom by gravity. The structure is elevated to allow a transport vehicle to be placed under the doors prior to dropping out the solids. One embodiment utilizes an open bottom, closed top filter bag that is closed off by the doors or sliding gates located at the bottom of the structure. Another embodiment disclosed would use rigid filter plates to retain the solids and drop out the accumulated solids by opening sliding gates at the bottom of the structure. The filter bag or plates is accessible from the side to allow either manual or automatic pressure washing of the filtration elements or filter bag after each dewatering cycle.12-24-2009
20120024787Novel Coated Membranes and Other Articles - The present invention provides porous media or membranes having a surface coating that includes a cross-linked terpolymer which has a superior combination of properties, including heat stable biomolecule resistant adsorptive properties, resistance to strong alkaline solutions, and low levels of extractable matter. In some preferred embodiments, the porous media is a porous membrane.02-02-2012
20090014387HYDRAULICALLY INTEGRATED SOLIDS/LIQUID SEPARATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT - A system and method for treating wastewater includes a treatment container for receiving and treating wastewater and a mixing/aeration system disposed in the treatment container. Wastewater is pumped under pressure from the treatment container through a solids/liquid separation system, preferably comprising multiple parallel membrane bioreactors, to separate the solids and liquids in the wastewater. Liquid retentate from the solids/liquid separation system is cycled back to the treatment container via the mixing/aeration system. The closed-loop system and method for solids/liquid separation and aeration/mixing provides for reduced equipment requirements and energy usage during operation.01-15-2009
20100078386Separation Membrane made from Blends of Polyimides with Polyimidazoles - A membrane for fluid separation made of a blend of at least a polyimide polymer and a polyimidazole polymer.04-01-2010
20130098839DEVICE ALLOWING SERIAL USE OF CLEAN AND ALTERNATIVE BLOOD FILTERS DURING BLOOD FILTRATION - A device that allows for serial (time) use of clean blood filters during the use of a heart lung machine. The device is comprised of a series of filters and a switching mechanism that allows the new filter to be placed in the blood flow pathway while at the same time removing the old (previous) filter. A clean filter is always available, and filters for specific components of blood or those able to bind and remove specific biochemicals can be used.04-25-2013
20100006503MEMBRANE STRUCTURES AND THEIR PRODUCTION AND USE - A method is provided for forming zeolite membranes in internal surfaces of a plurality of conduits in a cylindrical porous ceramic monolith, the conduits extending from one end of the monolith to the other, said method including a step of: flowing a pre-treatment liquid including a zeolite initiating agent into the conduits; causing at least part of a carrier liquid component of the treatment liquid to flow from the conduits into and through the body of the monolith to the exterior; and causing zeolite crystals to be deposited in the porous internal surfaces of the conduits as the carrier liquid component flows into the monolith. The substrates may be pre-conditioned for membrane formation by a method which comprises: (a) forming an aqueous suspension of zeolite particles; and (b) passing the suspension alternately (i) through the tubular conduits and (ii) out through the walls of the tubular conduits so as to deposit a layer of zeolite particles on the inner surfaces of the tubular conduits; wherein the porous substrates are treated in chambers arranged e.g in annularly and the suspension is supplied to the chambers from a first common manifold via respective delivery tubes and is recovered via recovery tubes leading to a second common manifold, the first and second manifolds and the supply and recovery tubes being configured so that the branch path to and from each chamber is substantially the same. After pre-conditioning, formation of membranes may be by depositing or crystallizing a zeolite membrane on the zeolite particles by gel crystallization. A membrane structure is also provided which comprises a tubular porous ceramic monolith having tubular conduits each having an internal diameter of (5) to (9) mm formed within the monolith with a zeolite membrane formed on the internal surface of each of the conduits, wherein either there are four conduits and the monolith is longer than 600 mm or there are five or more conduits. The invention also provides methods for removal of water from organic liquids and methods for the purification of water using the above membrane structures e.g. to remove residual water from ethanol or butanol or to produce high purity water.01-14-2010
20110198288Fouling Resistant Membranes Formed with Polyacrylonitrile Graft Copolymers - The present application is generally directed towards polyacrylonitrile— (PAN—) based, amphophilic graft copolymers, for example, for the production of membranes for liquid filtration. In one aspect, the present invention provides systems and methods for preparing high flux, fouling resistant nanofiltration membranes whose pore size can be readily tuned. In some cases, microphase separation of a graft copolymer comprising a backbone comprising polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and hydrophilic side-chains is used. In some cases, nanochannels of tunable width are formed, which may give the membrane permselective properties and/or anti-fouling character. In some cases, a copoylmer may be used as an additive in the immersion precipitation casting of ultrafiltration or microfiltration membranes. In certain instances, the additive can segregate to the membrane exterior and/or pore surfaces, e.g., due to favorable interactions between the hydrophilic side chains and the surrounding environment, which may create a surface that resists fouling, e.g., by biological molecules.08-18-2011
20100133191SUPPORT FOR TANGENTIAL FLOW FILTRATION AND METHOD FOR THE PREPARATION THEREOF - The disclosure relates to a porous support for tangential flow filtration with a covering surrounding the outer surface of the support, the covering having one or more holes for the evacuation of fluid through the outer surface. The disclosure also relates to a method for preparing such a support.06-03-2010
20090071904Membrane cover having a protective layer to prevent deterioration of UV stabilizers therein - The membrane structure according to the present invention has a top layer containing three plies. The top ply has UV stabilizers embedded therein; the bottom ply has stretch-resistant elements embedded therein; and the middle ply contains a co-extruded polyvinylidene chloride barrier film for example, for protecting the top ply against bio-gas infiltrations therein. In another aspect, the top and bottom plies containing polyethylene for protecting the middle ply from the weather and from corrosive environments under the membrane cover. In yet another aspect, the membrane structure has two foam layers affixed to the bottom ply. Each foam layer is made of juxtaposed strips of semi-rigid, closed-cell, polyethylene foam; wherein each strip in one foam layer is laid astride the adjoining edges of a pair of strips in the other foam layer. The strips of foam are bonded together and to the undersurface of the bottom ply by strips of fused polyethylene.03-19-2009
20110168630GRAFT COPOLYMERS, METHODS FOR GRAFTING HYDROPHILIC CHAINS ONTO HYDROPHOBIC POLYMERS, AND ARTICLES THEREOF - The present invention relates to synthetic methods for grafting hydrophilic chains onto polymers, particularly hydrophobic polymers such as poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF), and chlorinated polypropylene (cPP). Resulting polymers include comb polymers which can have a microphase-separated structure of hydrophilic domains provided by the hydrophilic chains. Articles prepared from these comb polymers, particularly derived from PVDF, include membranes for water filtration in which the hydrophilic domains provide a pathway for water transport. PVC can be plasticized by grafting the PVC with hydrophilic chains. In addition, such articles, particularly articles having biomedical applications, can display anti-thrombogenic properties.07-14-2011
20080245737METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING ULTRAPURE WATER - A method and system of providing ultrapure water for semiconductor fabrication operations is provided. The ultrapure water is treated by utilizing a free radical scavenging system and a particulate removal system. The free radical scavenging system can utilize actinic radiation with a free radical precursor compound, such as ammonium persulfate. The particulate removal system can comprise one or more ultrafiltration apparatus. The ultrapure water may be further treated by utilizing ion exchange media and degasification apparatus. A control system can be utilized in feedforward or feedback mode to regulate addition of the precursor compound and the actinic radiation source, and to maintain a temperature of the ultrapure water product.10-09-2008
20080245738METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING ULTRAPURE WATER - A method and system of providing ultrapure water for semiconductor fabrication operations is provided. The ultrapure water is treated by utilizing a free radical scavenging system and a particulate removal system. The free radical scavenging system can utilize actinic radiation with a free radical precursor compound, such as ammonium persulfate. The particulate removal system can comprise one or more ultrafiltration apparatus. The ultrapure water may be further treated by utilizing ion exchange media and degasification apparatus. A control system can be utilized in feedforward or feedback mode to regulate addition of the precursor compound and the actinic radiation source, and to maintain a temperature of the ultrapure water product.10-09-2008
20110198289HEAT EXCHANGER AND METHOD FOR HEAT EXCHANGING - A method for exchanging heat between an effluent fluid and a treatment fluid and a heat exchanger for heat exchange as well as an arrangement and a kit comprising a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger comprises a first and a second fluid circuit extending through the heat exchanger. The heat exchanger further comprises a stack of fluid plates and a membrane arranged between each of the fluid plates where one interspace is formed between each fluid plate and membrane. The first and the second fluid circuit is each constituted by a passage extending through the fluid plates and membranes and along the fluid plates and membranes in at least two interspaces. According to the method for heat exchanging an effluent fluid is passed through the first fluid circuit and a treatment fluid is passed through the second fluid circuit such that the effluent fluid is passed along one side of a membrane and simultaneously the treatment fluid is passed along the other side of the membrane. Heat is thus exchanged between the effluent fluid and the treatment fluid over the membrane.08-18-2011
20090050564CROSS-FLOW FILTRATION METHOD AND CROSS-FLOW FILTRATION DEVICE - A method of cross-flow filtration using a membrane filter has a feeding a fluid to be filtered across a membrane surface of a porous alumina membrane filter serving as the membrane filter so that the fluid flows parallel to the membrane surface to separate material to be filtered with the porous alumina membrane filter. The porous alumina membrane filter is made of an aluminum anodized film and includes micropores having a degree of ordering as defined by formula (1):02-26-2009
20080277343LIQUID HANDLING FOR FILTRATION AND PREPARATIVE CHROMATOGRPHY - A method and system are provided for high-precision separation of pharmaceutical or biotechnology liquids. The separation can be in accordance with direct flow filtration, tangential flow filtration or preparative chromatography. Movement of the pharmaceutical or biotechnology liquid within a flow path is controlled according to a selected pattern. Selected patterns include automatically and progressively increasing the flow rate within the unit, automatically and progressively increasing the pressure within the unit or initially proceeding according to a relatively high constant flow rate and switching to a relatively high constant pressure at a time when a given parameter is attained.11-13-2008
20120168379WAFER-SHAPED HOLLOW FIBER MODULE FOR IN-LINE USE IN A PIPING SYSTEM - A wafer-shaped hollow fiber module adapted for in-line use in a piping system. The piping system may include two standard bolted flange connections, and at least one wafer-shaped hollow fiber module sealed between the two standard bolted flange connections. The wafer shaped hollow fiber module includes: a cylindrical housing having an open end and a closed end having a first sealing surface and an inlet port; at least one side port through the cylindrical housing; an end cap united to the open end having a second sealing surface and an outlet port.07-05-2012
20080302724METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMOVING IMPURITIES IN REJECTS FROM SEQUENTIAL FILTERS USING SEPARATE TREATMENT UNITS - The disclosed method and apparatus involves the use of sequential filters for the purification of liquid. The sequential filters may each produce rejects that can be processed separately in their respective treatment apparatus, which can be fine-tuned to the specific reject that it treats. Alternatively, the first reject may be treated while the second reject may not be treated. The rejects (whether treated or not) may be combined into a combined flow and then be recycled in the sequential filters.12-11-2008
20080290031Spacer for Filter Modules - In order to provide a spacer for filter modules which may be used not only for plate and frame filter modules, but also for spiral wound-type filter modules and which allows high packing densities while providing optimized cleanability, a spacer for filter modules is proposed to be disposed between two layers of a filter medium, said spacer comprising an essentially flat structured sheet material having upper and lower projections on the upper and lower surfaces thereof, respectively, said upper and lower projections defining an upper and lower bearing face for the layers of filter medium, wherein said projections rise from said upper and lower surfaces with wall portions and terminate in top portions, said upper and lower projections being spaced from each other in a direction parallel to the surface of the sheet material.11-27-2008
20120292255FILTRATION AND USE OF METAL NANOPARTICLES AS NON-OPTICAL TAGS IN CHEMICAL-, BIO-CHEMICAL SENSORS AND MICRO-ELECTROMECHANICAL DEVICES - This disclosure provides methods to use nanoparticles as non-optical tags for detecting a change in mass. chemical sensing or bio-sensing events or reaction upon conjugation of nanoparticles onto a thermoresistor heat sensor. Particularly described is the use of metal nanoparticles in thermal sensors, thermal bio-sensors, and sensing pixel arrays for multiple analyte sensing. In addition, an asymmetric filter is disclosed that allows size separation of molecules from nanoparticles. The asymmetric filter is a porous membrane that is designed to have a small pore size in one size and a large pore size on the other side.11-22-2012
20110203994Forward Osmosis Separation Processes - Separation processes using engineered osmosis are disclosed generally involving the extraction of solvent from a first solution to concentrate solute by using a second concentrated solution to draw the solvent from the first solution across a semi-permeable membrane. One or both of the solute and solvent may be a desired product. Enhanced efficiency may result from using low grade waste heat from industrial or commercial sources.08-25-2011
20090071903Composite Semipermeable Membranes, Methods for Production Thereof and Uses Thereof - There is provided a composite semipermeable membrane that shows a high salt removal ratio and high performance in rejecting boron that is not dissociated in the neutral region. The composite semipermeable membrane is produced by a process that includes forming a separating functional polyamide layer on a porous substrate film, while using an organic solvent solution containing a specific cyclic aliphatic compound or a specific aromatic compound such that a polyamide molecule that forms the separating functional polyamide layer has a partial structure composed of “a cyclic aliphatic group or an aromatic group having at least two specific substituents, at least one of which contains a heteroatom bond and a carbonyl group at the β or γ position”.03-19-2009
20090026140Floating Porous Hollow Fiber Membrane Bundle - The invention discloses a kind of porous membrane filtration component for treating water, specifically it discloses a kind of suspending porous hollow fiber membrane bundle for treating highly turbid waste water. The component includes some porous hollow fiber membrane yarns and casting heads arranged at both ends of respective yarns, wherein the connections between the said casting heads and membrane filtration module are flexible connections, at least one end of the flexible connection the cast header is connected with a hollow tube or cord, and the membrane bundle hangs on the said membrane filtration module, suspending freely. The invention provides a suspending porous hollow membrane bundle that can effectively remove contaminants adhered to the surface of the membrane yarns, makes its membrane yarns difficult to rupture, has a longer service life, and produces water with steady quality. It solves the technical problems in the present hollow fiber filtration component which includes membrane yarns that are entangled with each other and easily ruptured, thus leading to a lower quality of the product water.01-29-2009
20090200237ENERGY SAVING SPIRAL ELEMENT - A filter media, in particular a separation module, characterized by a flow control strip (08-13-2009
20090242484ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY HYBRID MICROBIOLOGICAL CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES FOR COOLING TOWERS - This is a method that is an environmentally friendly hybrid microbiological control compromising a physical method through fine filtration, which removes nutrients, bacteria and suspended solids from open recirculating cooling systems. The method for microbiological control in cooling systems wherein a recirculating fluid containing an oxidising or a non-oxidising biocide or a mixture of an oxidising and a non-oxidising biocide and is passed through a fine filtration system resulting in reduced microbiological matter, suspended solids and nutrients.10-01-2009
20090261040METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TREATING AN AQUEOUS STREAM IN THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROCARBON - A method and system for treating an aqueous stream in the production of hydrocarbon are provided. An osmotic operation is performed between the stream of produced water and a stream of draw fluid to transfer water from the produced water to the draw fluid, thereby diluting the draw fluid to form a stream of diluted draw fluid and concentrating the produced water to form a stream of concentrated produced water. The concentration of the produced water can facilitate the subsequent removal of contaminants therefrom, and, in some cases, the diluted draw fluid can be re-used, e.g., for injection into the well of the hydrocarbon production operation or as a fertilizing fluid.10-22-2009
20100193437FLUID TREATMENT ELEMENTS AND FLUID TREATMENT ARRANGEMENTS WITH FLUID TREATMENT ELEMENTS HAVING DIFFERENT FLUID TREATEMENT CHARACTERISTICS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING THEM - Fluid treatment arrangements and elements and methods for making and using fluid treatment arrangements and elements are disclosed. A ribbon including a permeable fluid treatment medium may be spirally wound in a plurality of windings to form a fluid treatment element having a disk-shaped body. At least two and as many as many as fifty or more fluid treatment elements may be positioned along a core assembly with spaces between at least some of the adjacent fluid treatment elements to form a fluid treatment arrangement. For some embodiments, fluid flowing between the exterior of the fluid treatment arrangement and the interior of the core assembly may flow through a permeable fluid treatment medium having a first fluid treatment characteristic and a permeable fluid treatment medium having a different second fluid treatment characteristic. For some embodiments, fluid flowing between the exterior of the fluid treatment arrangement and the interior of the core assembly may flow through a fluid treatment element having a first fluid treatment characteristic and a functional material having a different second fluid treatment characteristic.08-05-2010
20100012589Unit and method for preparing a sample for the microbiological analysis of a liquid - The unit comprises a filter membrane (01-21-2010
20100181253CROSS-LINKED POLYIMIDE MEMBRANES - The present invention provides a method for improving the performance of polyimide membranes as used in solvent-resistant nanofiltration. More specifically the method of the present invention allows to improve the solvent stability of the polyimide membranes to solvents or solvent mixtures that would dissolve polyimide under the conditions applied during the filtration, such as dimethylforrnamide (DMF), N-methylpyrrolidinone (NMP), dimethylacetamide (DMAC), tetrahydrofuran (THF), y-butyrolacton (GBL), dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) and chlorinated solvents.07-22-2010
20110174734Non-Dispersive Process for Insoluble Oil Recovery From Aqueous Slurries - The development and application of a novel non-polar oil recovery process utilizing a non-dispersive solvent extraction method to coalesce and recover oil from a bio-cellular aqueous slurry is described herein. The process could apply to recovery of algal oil from a lysed algae slurry, recovery of Omega fatty acids from a bio-cellular aqueous feed, recovery of Beta-carotene from a bio-cellular aqueous feed and for the removal from produced water in oil production and similar type applications. The technique of the present invention utilizes a microporous hollow fiber (MHF) membrane contactor. The novel non-polar oil recovery process described herein can be coupled to a collecting fluid (a non-polar solvent such as heptane, a biodiesel mixture or the previously extracted oil) that is circulated through the hollow fiber membrane. In cases where the biodiesel mixture or the previously extracted oil is used the solvent recovery step (e.g. distillation) can be eliminated.07-21-2011
20120031842METHOD FOR MODIFYING COMPOSITE MEMBRANES FOR LIQUID SEPARATIONS - A method for modifying the surface of nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) composite membranes, comprising placing said composite membrane in a suitable vessel having a feed inlet opening and a permeate outlet opening, feeding an aqueous solution of one or more monomer(s) and free radical initiator into said vessel through said inlet opening, generating transmembrane pressure, thereby creating a flux across said membrane into said permeate outlet opening and causing said monomer(s) graft polymerize in the presence of said free radical initiator onto one face of said composite membrane.02-09-2012
20100213128POLYMER-CONTAINING SOLVENT PURIFYING PROCESS - Polymer-containing solution can be purified and the solvent reused by subjecting the solution to microfiltration using tubular filters having an average pore diameter of less than 1 μm and a filtration pressure of at least 0.35 MPa. This method is particularly useful for reclaiming and reusing solvents that are used in the development or chemical washout of flexographic printing plates.08-26-2010
20100224562Ultraviolet Disinfection System and Method - Embodiments of the invention provide an ultraviolet disinfection system for use with a chamber containing fluid to be treated. The ultraviolet disinfection system includes an ultraviolet light source positioned outside of the chamber, a light manifold, and light fibers extending into the chamber. The light fibers radially disperse the ultraviolet light in order to provide a substantially uniform distribution of ultraviolet light along at least a portion of a longitudinal axis of the chamber.09-09-2010
20100237014MEMBRANE MODULE WITH MULTIPLE BOTTOM HEADERS AND FILTRATION PROCESS - A membrane module (09-23-2010
20130126433Water Treatment Apparatus, System and Process - Water treatment apparatus, including: a ceramic filter; and a flow apparatus operable to pass water through the ceramic filter in a forward direction so as to filter the water, the flow apparatus also operable to pass water through the ceramic filter in a reverse direction so as to remove material from the ceramic filter, whereby material having been deposited by filtration of the water is removed.05-23-2013
20100252501QUICK CONNECT MODULAR WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM - Multiple water purifier modules are stacked in a rack having manifolds for each of the various water filtration functions: feed, concentrate, and filtrate. Each module connects to the rack by a quick connect for each of the filtration tubes. The quick connects are of the self-sealing type. A handle on the end of the module away from the rack has a lever for causing the quick connects to release the module from the rack while the system remains in operation. The, module can then be totally removed from the rack for testing, service, or replacement while the overall system remains in operation. Each module contains complete filtration media. The water is passed into the feed tubes under pressure where it passes into an elongated cavity filled with elongated hollow fibers. Filtrate, such as purer water, passes through the walls of the hollow fibers to an outlet, while concentrate, which is fluid with a high percent of impurities, flows from the cavity into concentrate tubes to another outlet for disposal. The tubes and concentrate tubes are small diameter tubes with small holes spaced along their lengths. The tubes lie at opposite sides of the cavity, rather than at opposite ends, and the tubes are surrounded by the fibers that are tightly packed together and that are tightly packed around the tubes, to control the flow rate of feed fluid between them.10-07-2010
20100000945Filtering Apparatus and Method of Use - A filtering apparatus comprises a microporous membrane and an actuator. The membrane is positioned to traverse across the hollow interior of a conduit used for the transport of molecules in bulk. In one example, the pores of the membrane comprise a plurality of open-ended carbon nanotubes. The actuator comprises a transducing material such as a polyvinyledene fluoride film that is operatively positioned in contact with the membrane and is capable of propagating acoustic vibration onto the membrane at a particular frequency so as to hasten the movement of the molecules through the membrane. Similarly, a method of filtering water comprises the steps of: (a) sifting molecules of water through the membrane, the pores of the membrane comprising a plurality of carbon nanotubes; and (b) propagating acoustic vibration onto the microporous membrane at a libration frequency of ice so as to hasten movement of the water molecules within the carbon nanotubes.01-07-2010
20110108483FILTER UNIT WITH FILTER BANK - The invention relates to a filter unit for purification of impure water, which could be seawater intended for ballast water, pool water, waste water or the like. The purification is performed by means of filter modules comprising filter means with dead end filter elements of a sintered material, and the filter unit facilitates alternating backwashing of the filter means at the same time as the filter unit may perform filtration of the impure water. The invention likewise relates to use of a dead end filter element in a de-gassing version, the filter element comprising a top end, a bottom end and a plurality of substantially parallel arranged channels with blockings in different ends.05-12-2011
20110240556MEMBRANE COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING THEM - By modifying existing methods for synthesizing polyaniline, a polyaniline polymer having a new constellation of material properties has been produced. The material properties of the polymeric compositions disclosed herein enhance the use of polyanilines in a wide variety of processes that use such materials, for example processes used in the formation of filtration membranes.10-06-2011
20110127219POROUS MEMBRANES MADE UP OF ORGANOPOLYSILOXANE COPOLYMERS - The object of the invention is porous membranes (M) comprising organopolysiloxane/polyurea/polyurethane/polyamide/polyoxalyl diamine copolymers of the general formula (1), where R, X, Y, D, E, F, B, B′, m, n, a, b, c and d have the meanings indicated in claim 06-02-2011
20110042316LIQUID FILTRATION MEDIA - A liquid filter with a composite medium that has a nanoweb adjacent to and optionally bonded to a microporous membrane. The membrane is characterized by an LRV value of 3.7 at a rated particle size, and the nanoweb has a fractional filtration efficiency of greater than 0.1 at the rated particle size of the membrane. The nanoweb also has a thickness efficiency ratio of greater than 0.0002 at that efficiency. The nanoweb acts to provide depth filtration to the membrane, prefilters particles and extends the lifetime of the membrane.02-24-2011
20110017668WATER PURIFICATION DEVICE - A water purification device includes an expandable water collecting device having a variable volume, wherein at least part of the surface of the water collecting device includes a filter area, the filter area being permeable to water and allowing water to enter the water collecting device when the filter area is submerged in water. The device further includes a mechanically driven expansion means for exerting a force for increasing the volume of the water collecting device and thereby drawing water through the filter area into the water collecting device. In use, the water collecting device is submerged and the expansion means is released, drawing water into the water collecting device through the filter membrane.01-27-2011
20090218285CONTROLS OF A FILTRATION SYSTEM - A control device for a filtration unit for filtering a fluid, the control device comprising an integrity test unit for performing an integrity test for checking the functional integrity of the filtration unit, and a reaction unit for determining a reaction based on a result of the integrity test.09-03-2009
20090218284METHOD OF STARTING UP A FILTERATION PLANT DESIGNED TO BE ABLE TO START UP CORRESPONDINGLY - There is described a method for the starting up of a filtration plant for the filtration of a process liquid, after cleaning of the filtration plant, and a filtration plant which is arranged to be able to started up in accordance with this method, where a secondary liquid supply unit connected to the post-treatment equipment during the starting up of the plant provides a flow of e.g. sterilised water to the post-treatment equipment, so that this can be held in a condition in which it is ready for operation, where thereafter, the process liquid is led to the filtration equipment, and the flow of liquid from the secondary liquid supply unit to the post-treatment equipment is shut off when a flow of filtered process liquid is obtained, and which thereafter replaces the liquid from the secondary liquid supply unit.09-03-2009
20100038316POLY(TETRAFLUOROETHYLENE) ZEOLITE COMPOSITE AND METHODS - The present application thus provides a composite composition comprising PTFE and zeolite. According to another aspect, the present application provides a method for making a composite article comprising bonding zeolite to PTFE. According to still yet another aspect of the present application, a method for separating components of the mixture comprising contacting the mixture with a composite composition comprising PTFE and zeolite is disclosed.02-18-2010
20090032470Porous PTFE Materials and Articles Produced Therefrom - Novel porous PTFE membranes are described possessing a unique combination of high strength, low flow resistance, and small pore size. Additionally, unique constructions with superior filtration and venting properties incorporating porous PTFE membranes are described.02-05-2009
20120132590Method for fabrication of elastomeric asymmetric membranes from hydrophobic polymers - Hydrophobic, asymmetric membranes are formed integrally from elastomeric polymers. The membranes have a dense, discriminating layer and a thick, porous support layer and require not other support. The membranes of the invention provide an economic advantage over prior art composite membranes used for separating target organics from a mixture.05-31-2012
20100065498Novel Coated Membranes and Other Articles - The present invention provides porous media or membranes having a surface coating that includes a cross-linked terpolymer which has a superior combination of properties, including heat stable biomolecule resistant adsorptive properties, resistance to strong alkaline solutions, and low levels of extractable matter. In some preferred embodiments, the porous media is a porous membrane.03-18-2010
20090026139SUBMERGED CROSS-FLOW FILTRATION - A membrane filtration module (01-29-2009
20120118827METHOD OF CONCENTRATING LOW TITER FERMENTATION BROTHS USING FORWARD OSMOSIS - The present invention relates to a method for concentrating law titer fermentation broth, and more particularly to a method for concentrating a fermentation broth using forward osmosis. The method comprises: introducing the fermentation broth and an osmolyte into a feed chamber and a draw chamber, respectively, which are included in a concentration system and are divided from each other by a forward osmosis membrane, and subjecting the introduced fermentation broth to forward osmosis, thereby concentrating the fermentation broth in the feed chamber. The method can maximize the concentration of the low titer fermentation broth while minimizing energy consumption and operating cost, and thus can contribute to the industrialization of new technology.05-17-2012
20130118980POLYMERIC MATERIAL, PRODUCTION AND USE THEREOF - The present invention relates to a polymeric material obtainable by reaction of 05-16-2013
20090127198Fluid filter system - An endcap including a first plate member including a radial inner portion, a radial outer portion, and defining a longitudinal axis. The endcap also includes a flange disposed between the radial inner and outer portions of the first plate member and projecting axially along the longitudinal axis in a first direction. The endcap also includes a first seal member disposed adjacent the flange. The first seal includes a first portion thereof engaged with an axial facing surface of the first plate member and a second portion thereof engaged with a radially facing surface of the flange. The endcap further includes a second plate member disposed radially outward of the radial outer portion and a second seal member disposed adjacent the second plate member including at least a portion thereof axially spaced from the axially facing surface of the first plate member in a second direction along the longitudinal axis opposite the first direction.05-21-2009
20080245735Ceramic Flexible Membrane Providing Improved Adhesion to the Support Fleece - The present invention relates to flexible ceramic membranes which, depending on embodiment, are useful as separators for batteries, especially lithium batteries, and also a process for their production.10-09-2008
20110163035NANOFIBER-CONTAINING MEMBRANE, A COMPOSITE MEMBRANE, A PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THEM AND THEIR USE - A nanofiber-containing membrane has a specific surface area of 0.1 to 1000 m07-07-2011
20110114561SPIRAL TYPE MEMBRANE FILTERING DEVICE AND MOUNTING MEMBER, AND MEMBRANE FILTERING DEVICE MANAGING SYSTEM AND MEMBRANE FILTERING DEVICE MANAGING METHOD USING THE SAME - Provided are a spiral type membrane filtering device by which an electric component can be re-used and a mounting member, as well as a membrane filtering device managing system and a membrane filtering device managing method using the same. An interconnector (05-19-2011
20110114560SPIRAL TYPE MEMBRANE ELEMENT AND SPIRAL TYPE MEMBRANE FILTERING DEVICE HAVING THE MEMBRANE ELEMENT, AND MEMBRANE FILTERING DEVICE MANAGING SYSTEM AND MEMBRANE FILTERING DEVICE MANAGING METHOD USING THE DEVICE - Provided are a spiral type membrane element that can ensure a larger amount of electric power without performing a cumbersome work and a spiral type membrane filtering device having the element, as well as a membrane filtering device managing system and a membrane filtering device managing method using the device. The spiral type membrane element comprises a sensor for detecting a property of liquid, a power generating section that generates electric power by using said liquid, and a wireless transmitting section that receives the electric power supplied from said power generating section and wirelessly transmits a detection signal from said sensor. By generating electric power in the power generating section with use of the liquid detected by the sensor, a larger amount of electric power can be ensured without performing a cumbersome work.05-19-2011
20110147308Charged Porous Polymeric Membranes and Their Preparation - A charged porous polymeric membrane comprises a porous polymeric membrane substrate comprising a polymeric membrane material and a first polymer having a first functional group, the first polymer is compatible with the membrane material, and a charged polymer has a second functional group, the charged polymer can react with the first polymer to bond the charged polymer to the first polymer, forming a charged coating on the membrane outer and inner surfaces. The membrane may be a microporous or an ultrafiltration membrane. The membrane may be a hollow fiber, flat sheet, or tubular membrane. Methods of manufacturing the membranes and method of using of the membranes to remove viral particles from contaminated water are further described.06-23-2011
20120145632ELECTROSPINNING OF POLYAMIDE NANOFIBERS - The invention relates to a process for the preparation of polyamide nanofibers by electrospinning, wherein the process is a multi-nozzle electrospinning process with the use of a multi-nozzle device or a nozzle-free electrospinning with the use of nozzle free device, comprising steps wherein a high voltage is applied, a polymer solution comprising a polymer and a solvent is fed to the multi-nozzle device or the nozzle free device and transformed under the influence of the high voltage into charged jet streams the jet streams are deposited on a substrate or taken up by a collector, and the polymer in the jet streams solidifies thereby forming nanofibres, and wherein the polymer comprises a semi-crystalline polyamide having a C/N ratio of at most 5.5 and a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of at most 35,000. The invention also relates polyamide nanofibers made by the electrospinning process, as well as to products made thereof and use thereof.06-14-2012
20090173693LYOTROPIC LIQUID CRYSTAL MEMBRANES BASED ON CROSS-LINKED TYPE I BICONTINUOUS CUBIC PHASES - The invention provides composite nanofiltration membranes with a lyotropic liquid crystal (LLC) polymer composition embedded in or forming a layer on a porous support. The LLC membranes are prepared from LLC monomers which form a bicontinuous cubic (Q07-09-2009
20090173694ISOPOROUS MEMBRANE AND METHOD OF PRODUCTION THEREOF - A membrane is produced by dissolving one or more polymers, at least one of which is a block copolymer, in a liquid which includes a solvent, to produce a casting solution. The casting solution is formed into film, and the film is immersed into a precipitation bath which contains at least one non-solvent for the block copolymer so that the film forms a membrane. The membrane is used for filtering a fluid that contains colloidal particles or proteins, and/or for ultrafiltration or nanofiltration, by flowing the fluid through the membrane.07-09-2009
20110024355ANTIMICROBIAL MEMBRANES - The present invention discloses the preparation of antimicrobial membranes by inclusion of low leaching, control release silver-based antimicrobial additives as described in claim 02-03-2011
20120031843Membranes based on polyvinyl alcohol - The invention relates to the use of silane-modified polyvinyl alcohols for producing membranes, characterized in that the silane-modified polyvinyl alcohols can be obtained by a) radically initiated copolymerization of one or more vinyl esters from unbranched or branched carboxylic acids having 1 to 15 C-atoms and one or more ethylenically unsaturated silane compounds selected from the group comprising compounds of the general formulae CR02-09-2012
20120000853SUPERHYDROPHILIC AND OLEOPHOBIC POROUS MATERIALS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING THE SAME - The present disclosure provides a porous material having a surface that is concurrently both superhydrophilic (having a first apparent advancing dynamic contact angle of less than or equal to about 5° for water) and oleophobic (having a second apparent advancing dynamic contact angle of greater than or equal to about 90°) or superoleophobic (a second apparent advancing dynamic contact angle of greater than or equal to about 150° for oil). Such materials can be used in a separator device to separate a liquid-liquid mixture of immiscible components (e.g., oil and water) or miscible components (e.g., alcohols). Separation apparatus incorporating such materials and methods of making and using these materials are also provided.01-05-2012
20090101579Hollow Fiber Membrane Module, Hollow Fiber Membrane Module Unit, Membrane Filtration Device Using the Same, and Method of Operating the Same - A hollow fiber membrane module using a sheet-form hollow fiber membrane having excellent cleaning properties in which the pressure resistance of a hollow fiber membrane anchor section does not deteriorate, even when the membrane area increases; a hollow fiber membrane module unit using the module; a membrane filtration device using the unit; and an operation method therefor are provided. The hollow fiber membrane module comprises sheet-form hollow fiber membranes and an anchoring member which anchors the sheet-form hollow fiber membranes in a roughly parallel manner while maintaining in an open state at least one end portion of the sheet-form hollow fiber membranes. The shape of an end face of a side of the anchoring member from which the hollow fiber membranes are exposed is roughly rectangular, and the shape of an end face of a side of the anchoring member toward which the hollow fiber membranes open is roughly circular.04-23-2009
20120152843CERAMIC MEMBRANES - Processes for fabricating ceramic membranes include providing a porous substrate having at least one inner channel extending therethrough and having surfaces defined by porous walls, depositing a coating slurry on surfaces of the inner channel(s), and sintering. Sintering temperatures for the processes range from about 400° C. to 800° C. Coating slurries for use in the processes include a boehmite sol and a colloidal suspension of porous alumina particles.06-21-2012
20120152844LIQUID EXTRACTION METHOD EMPLOYING DIP TUBE - A container for liquids is provided, in which pressurisation of the container is used to force the liquid through one or more membranes to an output. The membranes are disposed across substantially an entire length of the container, and pass liquid in preference to the air. As a result, the liquid may be extracted from the container in any orientation. A particular use for this kind of container is as a portable water bottle containing a filter.06-21-2012
20120125849METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR CLARIFYING GREEN LIQUOR - Green liquor clarification comprising filtering of a flowing suspension containing solids, wherein the suspension is brought into contact with a first filter unit (05-24-2012
20120125848PARTICLE FILTER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR - A mechanical particle filter comprises a membrane having a plurality of pores. At least one partial region of the surface of the membrane, that is accessible for the medium to be filtered, includes a carbon material having a diamond structure.05-24-2012
20120125850DEFORMED POROUS HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE, PRODUCTION METHOD OF DEFORMED POROUS HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE, AND MODULE, FILTRATION DEVICE, AND WATER TREATMENT METHOD IN WHICH DEFORMED POROUS HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE IS USED - A porous hollow fiber membrane that is suitable for treatment of liquid containing an inorganic substance and/or an organic substance, is obtained at a low cost performance, and has high water permeability performance, fretting resistance, and drying resistance. A deformed porous hollow fiber membrane according to the present invention is composed of a thermoplastic resin and includes a continuous asperity provided on the periphery in the longitudinal direction of the membrane, in which the periphery of the hollow fiber membrane in the circumferential direction includes continuous projected and depressed parts.05-24-2012
20100206810FLUID TREATMENT ELEMENTS AND FLUID TREATMENT ARRANGEMENTS WITH SPACES BETWEEN FLUID TREATMENT ELEMENTS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING THEM - Fluid treatment arrangements and methods for making and using fluid treatment arrangements are disclosed. A ribbon including a permeable fluid treatment medium may be spirally wound in a plurality of windings to form a fluid treatment element having a disk-shaped body. For some embodiments, the ribbon may comprise a composite having first and second layers. At least two and as many as many as fifty or more fluid treatment elements may be positioned along a core assembly with spaces between at least some of the adjacent fluid treatment elements. Many, most, or substantially all of the spaces may be substantially free of structure. A fluid treatment arrangement may be contained in a housing to form a fluid treatment assembly. The housing may include an inlet port and an outlet port and may define a fluid flow path between the inlet port and the outlet port. The fluid treatment arrangement may be positioned in the housing across the fluid flow path.08-19-2010
20120168378METHOD FOR PRODUCING PURE WATER AND PURE WATER PRODUCTION APPARATUS - A pure water production apparatus and method are provided that effectively use an isobaric type energy recovery unit that can efficiently recover energy against feed water variation. In a pure water producing method supplying and having a plurality of kinds of feed water with different water qualities permeated through a semi-permeable membrane to produce the pure water, a portion (referred to as first feed water) of the plurality of kinds of feed water supplied to a semi-permeable membrane unit comprising the semi-permeable membrane is boosted by utilizing an isobaric type energy recovery unit that recovers pressure energy of concentrate discharged from the semi-permeable membrane unit, the rest (referred to as second feed water) of the plurality of kinds of feed water is boosted by a high pressure pump, and the boosted first and second feed water are supplied together to the semi-permeable membrane unit.07-05-2012
20120255907WATER PRODUCING SYSTEM AND OPERATION METHOD THEREFOR - A water producing system which is provided with a semi-permeable membrane treatment process A10-11-2012
20120261342PROCESS FOR IMPROVING THE PRECIPITATION OF CALCIUM AND/OR MAGNESIUM SALTS IN THE REGENERATION OF USED ALKALINE CLEANING SOLUTION - A process for improving the precipitation of calcium and/or magnesium salts in the regeneration of a used alkaline cleaning solution includes the steps of providing a spent alkaline or acidic cleaning solution, adding sodium bentonite and sodium carbonate to the spent alkaline or acidic cleaning solution in a mixing zone so as to provide an interactive solution, adding only one of an anionic polymeric flocculating agent or a cationic polymer flocculating agent to the interactive solution, and precipitating in soluble calcium and magnesium salts as flocs. The solution containing the flocs is subjected to a filtration process so as to bring the precipitated solids to a solids content of greater than 25%.10-18-2012
20110120949HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE MODULE, HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE MODULE UNIT, AND WATER TREATMENT METHOD - A hollow fiber membrane module, a hollow fiber membrane module unit using the hollow fiber membrane module, and a water treatment method using the module or the module unit enable the efficient contact of microorganisms on the surface of a membrane with a gas, the module and the unit having excellent durability. The hollow fiber membrane module is formed in such a manner that the end parts of sheet-form hollow fiber membranes are formed in a substantially rectangular shape and the end face of the anchoring member on a side where the hollow fiber membranes open is formed in a substantially circular shape. The hollow fiber membrane module unit is formed in such a manner that a plurality of modules is disposed. The water treatment method is used to purify treated water with the microorganisms adhered onto the outer surfaces of the hollow fiber membranes by using the module or the unit.05-26-2011
20100230351Hydrophilic Membrane - The invention relates to an hydrophilic membrane comprising a membrane carrier and a hydrophilic coating with good properties. The coating may comprise covalently bound inorganic-organic hybrid material; or the coating may comprise ring-opening polymerized components like epoxy resins. The coating composition preferably is applied in a solvent, the solvent is evaporated, and the coating is cured with UV radiation. The hydrophilic membrane is very useful in water purification, and in other applications.09-16-2010
20110210070HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE MODULE, HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANE MODULE UNIT, AND WATER TREATMENT METHOD - A hollow fiber membrane module, a hollow fiber membrane module unit using the hollow fiber membrane module, and a water treatment method using the module or the module unit enable the efficient contact of microorganisms on the surface of a membrane with a gas, the module and the unit having excellent durability. The hollow fiber membrane module is formed in such a manner that the end parts of sheet-form hollow fiber membranes are formed in a substantially rectangular shape and the end face of the anchoring member on a side where the hollow fiber membranes open is formed in a substantially circular shape. The hollow fiber membrane module unit is formed in such a manner that a plurality of modules is disposed. The water treatment method is used to purify treated water with the microorganisms adhered onto the outer surfaces of the hollow fiber membranes by using the module or the unit.09-01-2011
20120298583Drinking straw with Hollow Fibre Liquid Filter - A liquid filtration method and device, for example a drinking straw with a mouthpiece, and a bundle of hollow fibres. The open ends of the fibres are embedded in a base and provided in a compartment between the base and a liquid outlet. Water or other liquid flows into the inner volume of the hollow fibres and from there through their filtering membrane walls and into the compartment before the liquid flows out through the liquid outlet, for example the mouthpiece.11-29-2012
20120298582Layered Tubular Membranes for Chromatography, and Methods of Use Thereof - Described are wrapped fluid treatment elements, comprising: a composite material; an interleaf; and an inner core; wherein the composite material and the interleaf form layers wrapped around the inner core. The composite material and interleaf may be wrapped in a spiral configuration around the inner core. The invention also relates to a method of separating a substance from a fluid, comprising the step of placing the fluid in contact with an inventive device or element, thereby adsorbing or absorbing the substance to the composite material contained therein.11-29-2012
20120318741Self-Assembled Block Copolymer Membrane - Embodiments of the invention include methods for the production of porous membranes. In certain aspects the methods are directed to producing polymeric porous membranes having a narrow pore size distribution.12-20-2012
20120080379METHOD AND PRODUCTION PLANT FOR PRODUCING STERILE WATER - A method of producing sterile water from raw water during a production cycle in a production plant P, including adding a disinfectant to the produced sterile water during the production cycle to permanently monitor the condition of the sterile water and/or the production plant, and determining and evaluating a reduction of concentration of the disinfectant directly in the production stream. In a production plant suited for carrying out the method, a sterile sensor is provided directly in the production stream through which the reduction of concentration of the disinfectant added to the produced sterile water can be permanently measured and evaluated to provide a sterility evidence.04-05-2012
20110266222POLYBENZIMIDAZOLE-BASED MEMBRANES FOR THE DEHYDRATION OF ORGANIC LIQUIDS VIA PERVAPORATION - A hollow fiber membrane has an outer layer of polybenzimidazole (PBI) and an inner support layer, e.g., polyetherimide (PEI). The hollow fiber membrane is made by a co-extrusion (spinning) process. The hollow fiber membrane may be used in a pervaporation process, such as a pervaporation dehydration of an organic liquid, e.g., ethylene glycol (EG). A contactor is made with the hollow fiber membrane.11-03-2011
20120279922COMPOSITE SILICONE MEMBRANES OF HIGH SEPARATION EFFICIENCY - Composite membrane having a separating membrane layer characterized in that a separating membrane layer is produced by curing laterally modified silicone acrylates of the general Formula I11-08-2012
20120325746POLYMER MEMBRANE FOR WATER TREATMENT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURE OF SAME, AND WATER TREATMENT METHOD - A polymer membrane for water treatment, characterized in comprising a hollow fiber membrane having a self-supporting design composed of the substantially single principal structural material, with an outer diameter of 3.6 mm to 10 mm and a ratio of outer diameter to thickness, SDR, of 3.6 to 34.12-27-2012
20120138535PERFORATED MEMBRANES - The present invention relates to a membrane comprising at least one molecular monolayer composed of low-molecular aromatics and cross-linked in the lateral direction, wherein the membrane has a thickness in the range from 1 to 200 nm and a perforation in the form of openings having a diameter in the range from 0.1 nm to 1 μm, to a method for the production thereof, and to a use thereof.06-07-2012
20130015135METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR WATER TREATMENT - Water treatment systems including electrically-driven and pressure-driven separation apparatus configured to produce a first treated water suitable for use as irrigation water and a second treated water suitable for use as potable water from one of brackish water and seawater and methods of operation of same.01-17-2013
20130020260Device for the Continuous Electrochemical Deionisation with Integrated Membrane Unit - A device for the electrodeionisation of an aqueous electrolyte solution, comprising an electrodeionisation module (01-24-2013
20130020261FILTERING METHOD OF WATER TO BE TREATED - A filtering method of water to be treated including: performing air diffusion from air diffusing units, while the water to be treated is processed with a filtering process using a membrane unit, wherein the filtering process is an intermittently performing filtering process, the membrane unit has two or more separation membrane modules, a membrane surface of the separation membrane modules has a flat shape and extends along a vertical direction, two or more air diffusing units are arranged in a lower-side direction of the membrane unit, the air diffusing units each has one or more air diffusing pipes, and when air is ejected from the air diffusing units, the air diffusing unit which ejects air is switched per a constant air diffusing time t01-24-2013
20080245736Crosslinked cellulosic nanofiltration membranes - The present invention relates to a nanofilter formed by using a porous ultrafiltration membrane as a precursor, and carefully controlling reaction conditions so as to maintain sufficient hydrophilic nature of the membrane while causing the pore structure to close to a nanofilter range (less than 400 Daltons). This produces a solvent stable cellulose nanofiltration membrane capable of operating at satisfactory flux in aqueous solutions, and being low binding to organic biomaterials.10-09-2008
20130112621Water filtration article and related methods - A water filtration article has a filtration layer of thickness no larger than 10 microns including porous polytetrafluoroethylene coated with a hydrophilic coating comprising uncrosslinked ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer. Methods include water filtration using and manufacture of such a water filtration article.05-09-2013
20130146538BLEND POLYMERIC MEMBRANES COMPRISING TETRAZOLE-FUNCTIONALIZED POLYMER OF INTRINSIC MICROPOROSITY AND POLYETHYLENE GLYCOL - The present invention is for high permeance and high selectivity blend polymeric membranes comprising poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and a highly permeable polymer selected from the group consisting of polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs), tetrazole-functionalized polymers of intrinsic microporosity (TZPIMs), or mixtures thereof. The present invention also involves the use of such membranes for separations of liquids and gases.06-13-2013
20130146539MEMBRANE WITH LOCALIZED ASYMMETRIES - Membranes with localized asymmetries, devices including the membranes, and methods of making and using the membranes, are disclosed.06-13-2013
20080197077Low pressure drinking water purifier - An inexpensive device for removing microorganisms from drinking water includes an Ultrafiltration membrane filter equipped with a pressure regulating mechanism to supply purified water to a suitable low-pressure reservoir equipped with a bi-directional hydrophobic membrane vent filter having a 0.01-0.05-micron pore size. The purified water may be supplied to the storage reservoir at a static pressure in the range of 1 to 8 pounds per square inch.08-21-2008
20110220574Membranes With Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Pores For Selective Transport - Provided herein composition and methods for nanoporous membranes comprising single walled, double walled, or multi-walled carbon nanotubes embedded in a matrix material. Average pore size of the carbon nanotube can be 6 nm or less. These membranes are a robust platform for the study of confined molecular transport, with applications in liquid and gas separations and chemical sensing including desalination, dialysis, and fabric formation.09-15-2011
20100282682FLUID FILTRATION ARTICLES AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME - Fluid filtration articles, including composite nonwoven fibrous webs, and methods of making and using such articles as gas or liquid filtration elements. The articles include a population of coarse microfibers having a population median diameter of at least 1 micrometer (μm) formed as a first layer, and a population of fine fibers having a population median diameter less than 10 μm formed as a second layer adjoining the first layer. At least one of the fiber populations may be oriented. In one implementation, the coarse microfibers and fine fibers are polymeric, the coarse microfibers have a population median diameter of at least 10 μm, and the fine fibers have a population median diameter less than 10 μm. In another implementation, the population of fine fibers has a population median diameter less than 1 μm. Optionally, one or both of the first and second layers may include particulates.11-11-2010
20100307974PREPARATION AND USE OF NOVEL POLYANILINES FOR WATER TREATMENT - The invention relates to a polyaniline, comprising aniline units and organosulphur units, characterized in that the polyaniline is doped and has a number average degree of polymerization of approximately 5 to approximately 50. The scope of the invention also includes a process for the preparation of polyaniline, wherein aniline and at least one organosulphur unit are converted to a polyaniline derivative in an oxidative, acid-catalyzed polymerization reaction. A subject of the invention is also a coated substrate which is coated with the polyaniline according to the invention and also a process for the coating of the substrate. The scope of the invention furthermore also includes a coating composition which is suitable for the coating of the substrate. The invention thus also relates to a process for the preparation of the coating composition. A subject of the invention is also the use of polyaniline which is doped and has sulphur in the main polymer chain for water treatment and/or for the purification of air and also a purification reactor for carrying out the purification process.12-09-2010
20100314320DEHYDRATION SYSTEM AND DEHYDRATION METHOD - The present invention includes: a water separation membrane device 12-16-2010
20110272355SOLVENT REMOVAL AND RECOVERY FROM INORGANIC AND ORGANIC SOLUTIONS - A process for recovering solvents from inorganic and organic solutions is disclosed. The process utilizes a polymer capable of selectively extracting the solvent from the inorganic or organic solution. Introduction of the polymer into the solvent solution creates formation of a polymer-rich phase and a solute-rich phase. The recovered solvent may be separated from the polymer-rich phase by heating the polymer-rich phase to at least the cloud point of the polymer. The polymer and/or solute may be re-cycled for further use in the solvent recovery process.11-10-2011
20130180920NANOPOROUS MATERIALS, MANUFACTURE OF NANOPOROUS MATERIALS AND APPLICATIONS OF NANOPOROUS MATERIALS - A nanoporous material is disclosed having a plurality of lamellae. Through each lamella is an array of penetrating pores. Adjacent lamellae are spaced apart by an intervening spacing layer. The spacing layer comprises an array of spacing elements integrally formed with and extending between the adjacent lamellae. The spacing layer has interconnected porosity extending within the spacing layer. Such a nanoporous material can be manufactured using block copolymer materials. First, a morphology is formed comprising a three dimensional array of isolated islands in a continuous matrix. The islands are formed of at least one island component of the block copolymer and the matrix is formed of at least one matrix component of the block copolymer. Next, channels are formed in the matrix between at least some of the islands. The island component is then selectively removed to leave the matrix with an array of interconnected pores.07-18-2013
20090095680Membrane Treatment Method and Membrane Treatment Apparatus Using Membrane Module - [Problem] To provide a membrane treatment method and a membrane treatment apparatus using a membrane module, which are capable of reducing fouling using a simple installation, without increasing costs.04-16-2009
20090032471Innovative treatment technologies for reclaimed water - Innovative methods and systems for the removal and destruction of contaminants present in reclaimed or other waste water are described.02-05-2009
20130118981POROUS HOLLOW FIBER - Porous hollow fibers comprising first pores having an average length in the range from 0.045 μm to 120 μm and an average width in the range from 0.030 μm to 20 μm, measured in a fiber direction, wherein the ratio of the average length of the first pores to the average width of the first pores is at least 1.5:1, second pores having an average length in the range from 0.1 nm to 99 nm and an average width in the range from 1 nm to 20000 nm, measured in the direction of the fiber in each case, wherein the ratio of the average length of the second pores to the average width of the second pores is not more than 1:1.5. Preferred application areas include use in fillings, in selectively permeable membranes, for the immobilization of enzymes and/or cells, for hemodialysis, and for storage of hydrogen.05-16-2013
20130186830Centrifugal Filter - Filtration device suited for concentration of liquid samples, particularly biomolecules, and a method of concentrating, desalting, purifying and/or fractionating liquid samples. In certain embodiments the device includes a housing having a sample reservoir, and two substantially vertically oriented and spaced apart membranes disposed in the housing. An underdrain is associated with each membrane such that fluid passing through each membrane flows through a respective underdrain into a filtrate collection chamber. The fluid that does not pass through the membrane is collected in the retentate collection chamber, and can be recovered such as by a reverse spinning step, achieving recoveries greater than about 90%. The substantially vertical orientation of the membranes increases the available membrane area by at least 2.7 times the area available in a conventional filter device. The two-panel configuration also maintains more available membrane area in use during the last stages of filtration than a one-panel configuration.07-25-2013
20130193075ASYMMETRIC MEMBRANES - Asymmetric membranes comprising a first asymmetric porous zone including a first porous asymmetry that increases from the first exterior surface through the first porous zone of the bulk, and a second asymmetric porous zone including a second porous asymmetry that increases from the second exterior surface through the second porous zone of the bulk, wherein the first average pore size is larger than the second average pore size, as well as methods of making and using the membranes, are disclosed.08-01-2013
20130193076DRIVE DEVICE FOR A MEMBRANE FILTRATION ARRANGEMENT - The invention relates to a membrane filtration device comprising a plurality of planar membrane filter elements which are combined to form a membrane package and are disposed within the membrane package parallel to and spaced apart from one another. A wall encloses the membrane package on all sides, and within which at least one inlet chamber which is connected to at least one inlet, and at least one outlet chamber which is connected to at least one outlet. An oscillation unit is connected to the membrane package and the wall to induce oscillation in a direction parallel to the membrane filter elements. The oscillation unit is connected to a frame which encloses the membrane package and which is connected to the wall of the membrane package by means of least one spring, whose main direction of spring action extends parallel to the plane of the membrane filter.08-01-2013
20100038317HEMOFILTRATION SYSTEM AND METHOD BASED ON MONITORED PATIENT PARAMETERS, SUPERVISORY CONTROL OF HEMOFILTRATION, AND ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF PUMPS FOR HEMOFILTRATION - A multipurpose hemofiltration system and method are disclosed for the removal of fluid and/or soluble waste from the blood of a patient. The system continuously monitors the flow rates of drained fluid, blood, and infusate. When necessary, the pumping rates of the infusate, drained fluid and blood are adjusted to remove a preselected amount of fluid from the blood in a preselected time period. A supervisory controller can monitor patient parameters, such as heart rate and blood pressure, and adjust the pumping rates accordingly. The supervisory controller uses fuzzy logic to make expert decisions, based upon a set of supervisory rules, to control each pumping rate to achieve a desired flow rate and to respond to fault conditions. An adaptive controller corrects temporal variations in the flow rate based upon an adaptive law and a control law.02-18-2010
20130206695Combination Unit and Combination Method of Multiple Membrane Shells - The present invention discloses a combination unit and method of multiple membrane shells. The combination unit of multiple membrane shells is formed by bundling multiple membrane shells in parallel, wherein the raw water port and the concentrated water port of each of the membrane shells are respectively connected and sealed with the raw water port and the concentrated water port of the adjacent membrane shells to form the shared raw water port and the shared concentrated water port which are respectively connected with the raw water pipeline and the concentrated water pipeline. Since each of the combination units of multiple membrane shells is provided with the shared raw water port and the shared concentrated water port, it is adequate to finish the assembly of the shared raw water port with the pipeline and the assembly of the shared concentrated water port with the pipeline in the engineering installation. The combination unit of multiple membrane shells can be placed horizontally or vertically. By adopting the technology of the combination unit of multiple membrane shells, there does not need a large number of clamps, the number of sealed points is decreased, the engineering cost is reduced, the hidden seepage danger is lowered, the engineering installation workload is lessened, the occupied area of the apparatus is saved, and the maintenance and the service are convenient.08-15-2013
20130206694MEMBRANE FOR WATER PURIFICATION - A porous membrane can include a polyazole.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Filtering through membrane (e.g., ultrafiltration)

Patent applications in all subclasses Filtering through membrane (e.g., ultrafiltration)