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Including ion exchange or other chemical reaction

Subclass of:

210 - Liquid purification or separation

210600000 - PROCESSES

210634000 - Liquid/liquid solvent or colloidal extraction or diffusing or passing through septum selective as to material of a component of liquid; such diffusing or passing being effected by other than only an ion exchange or sorption process

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

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20100163486METHOD OF OBTAINING A COAGULANT PRODUCT, PRODUCT INTENDED TO PRODUCE SAID COAGULANT, AND METHOD OF TREATING WASTE WATER AND/OR INDUSTRIAL WATER USING SAID COAGULANT - The invention relates to a method of producing a coagulant product. It is characterized in that a starting material is prepared containing sludge resulting from the treatment of drinking water and an ore containing iron and/or aluminum, said starting material undergoing acid attack to form iron salts, aluminum salts or a mixture thereof. Application of said coagulant during implementation of a physico-chemical step of the treatment of waste water and/or industrial water.07-01-2010
20090194479MODIFIED POLYAMINE MEMBRANE - A modified polyamide membrane and method for making and using the same. The present invention includes many embodiments including methods comprising contacting a polyamide membrane with certain modifiers, including but not limited to certain oxazoline and/or thiazoline-based compounds, derivatives and polymers thereof. In one embodiment, the surface of a polyamide membrane is coated with a solution including a polyoxazoline and optionally a polyalkylene oxide material, followed by optional heating. Preferred embodiments may exhibit improved performance, e.g. increased rejection of certain species, (e.g. sodium chloride and/or boric oxides such as boric acid or various borate salts), reduced fouling, improved antimicrobial properties, and/or improved storage stability.08-06-2009
20120168375METHOD FOR TREATING WASTE SALINE WATER PRODUCED IN PRODUCTION PROCESS OF DIPHENYLMETHANE DIISOCYANATE (MDI) - The invention relates to a method of circular use of waste brine produced in the manufacture process of MDI, comprising the following steps: (1) the waste brine produced in the manufacture process of MDI is subjected to a high-gravity extraction and then to a column extraction, wherein said waste brine contains aniline, diaminodiphenylmethane and polyamine; (2) the waste brine from step (1) is transmitted to a stripping tower for steam stripping; (3) the waste brine from the stripping tower of step (2) and a chemical oxidant are transmitted to an oxidation reactor to which air is blown for aeration; (4) the waste brine after the treatment of step (3) is transmitted to an absorption tower for absorption. The invention makes the salt water have TOC of less than 8 ppm and TN of less than 2.5 ppm and achieves regeneration of resources in the waste brine such as sodium chloride and water and the like for circular use.07-05-2012
20110192795Water Treatment Method Including Powdered Activated Carbon Recycling - The invention relates to a water treatment method with a view to purifying the same or making it drinkable, characterised in that the method includes the following steps: a step of injecting powdered activated carbon (PAC) into said water in order to obtain a water to be treated/PAC mixture; a step of feeding said water to be treated/PAC mixture into a contacting agitated area in order to obtain an agitated water to be treated/PAC mixture; a step of filtering said water to be treated/PAC mixture within a membrane filtration unit in order to produce treated water and a PAC-rich concentrate; a step of recirculating said PAC-rich concentrate upstream from and/or within said agitated area, the PAC concentration of said mixture ranging from 1 to 10 g/l; wherein said water to be treated/PAC mixture is maintained in said agitated area for a contact duration of between 2 and 20 minutes; and the method further comprises an ozonation step of the water to be treated that comprises injecting ozone in the water to be treated before injecting PAC in order to obtain a water to be treated/ozone mixture having an ozone concentration of between 0.5 and 3 mg/l.08-11-2011
20100147765METHOD OF TREATING LIQUID WASTE - A method of treating a liquid waste containing target species is described, in which the liquid is first conveyed through a housing containing a catalyst for removing either a reducing agent or an oxidising agent from the liquid, The liquid is then conveyed to a reverse osmosis or nanofiltration membrane to obtain a retentate rich in the target species and a permeate lean in the target species. The retentate is returned to the liquid upstream from the membrane, whilst the permeate may be subject to further treatment, for example in a neutralisation plant.06-17-2010
20090294357Method for Concentrating Nanosuspensions - A method for concentrating a nanosuspension including nanopowder particles suspended in a liquid includes reducing the liquid content of the nanosuspension and controlling the dispersion of the nanopowder particles in the liquid.12-03-2009
20100072134ULTRASONICALLY INDUCED CAVITATION OF FLUOROCHEMICALS - A system is described for the treatment of fluorochemicals in an aqueous environment, the system includes: a first treatment station configured to receive a first stream or volume of water comprising fluorochemicals, the first treatment station configured to provide a first treatment to the first stream or volume of water to thereby provide a second stream or volume of water comprising fluorochemicals; and a second treatment station configured, to treat the second stream or volume of water by ultrasonically induced cavitation at a frequency within the range from about 15 kHz to about 1100 kHz. A process for the treatment of fluorochemicals in water is also described, the process comprising: applying a first treatment to a first stream or volume of water comprising fluorochemicals, the first treatment producing a second stream or volume of water comprising fluorochemicals; and applying a second treatment to the second stream or volume of water, the second treatment comprising ultrasonically induced cavitation at a frequency within the range from about 15 kHz to about 1100 kHz to thereby breaking down the fluorochemicals into constituent components. The first treatment station is a filtration station, a reverse osmosis station, an ultrafiltration station or nanofiltration station.03-25-2010
20120175303METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INCREASING RECOVERY AND PREVENTING PRECIPITATION FOULING IN PRESSURE-DRIVEN MEMBRANE PROCESSES - The invention provides a process for purifying water containing soluble species capable of forming one or more sparingly soluble salts or minerals, said process comprising feeding a pressurized water stream into a treatment zone having one or more membranes disposed therein, passing said stream along said membrane(s) to recover a permeate and to withdraw a concentrate therefrom while periodically reversing the direction of the flow of said stream in said treatment zone, wherein the periodicity of the flow reversal is such that said one or more membranes are exposed to supersaturation conditions evolving in said water stream for a period of time which is less then the time required for said supersaturated water stream to precipitate one or more of said sparingly soluble salts and/or minerals therefrom.07-12-2012
20100044312Use of Polymeric Resins for the Adsorptive Extracorporeal Removal of Inflammatory Mediators in the Treatment of Systemic Inflammation-Related Diseases - It is described a kit for treating a systemic inflammatatory related disease comprising a) a high permeability filter having a pore size designed to let inflammatory mediators to pass and b) means to retain said mediators but not serum albumin.02-25-2010
20100044311METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FURTHER PURIFYING ULTRAPURE WATER - Disclosed are a method for further purifying ultrapure water, according to which any impurities in ultrapure water can be stably removed to a high degree within a small space over a prolonged period; and an apparatus therefor. Ultrapure water introduced into an ultrapure-water purifying apparatus 02-25-2010
20120205308PROCESS FOR PURIFYING WASTEWATERS FROM THE WORKUP OF CRUDE AROMATIC NITRO COMPOUNDS - The invention relates to a process for working up wastewaters which are obtained in the purification of crude aromatic nitro compounds after the nitration of aromatic compounds, comprising the following steps: 08-16-2012
20100096329Method of Removing Protein-Bound Deleterious Substances During Extracorporeal Renal Replacement Treatment - The invention is directed to a method of removing a deleterious substance bound to a protein in blood of a patient by introducing a displacer substance into the blood under conditions in which the displacer substance replaces deleterious substance bound to the protein, thereby resulting in additional unbound deleterious substance in the blood, and removing unbound deleterious substance from the blood by extracorporeal renal replacement treatment.04-22-2010
20090159530PROCESS BASED ON THE USE OF ZEOLITES FOR THE TREATMENT OF CONTAMINATED WATER - A process is described for the treatment of water contaminated by apolar compounds consisting of halogenated solvents, aliphatic compounds, aromatic compounds or their mixtures which consists in treating the water with one or more apolar zeolites characterized by a silica/alumina ration >50 and by the presence of structural channels having dimensions similar to those of the molecules of the contaminating compounds.06-25-2009
20100108602PROCESSES FOR THE RECOVERY OF FUEL-GRADE ETHANOL FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS STREAMS - A method for recovery of fuel-grade ethanol from dilute aqueous ethanol feed in a continuous or batch-wise process includes providing a feed tank containing a dilute aqueous ethanol liquid phase and a vapor phase, removing a portion of the vapor phase from the tank and circulating it through a membrane contactor having an inner lumen and an outer shell, recovering from the membrane contactor a feed phase substantially reduced in ethanol and a solvent phase substantially enriched in ethanol, separating an enriched ethanol phase from the solvent phase, and removing a substantial amount of water from the enriched ethanol phase to produce a fuel-grade ethanol stream. A Venturi nozzle may be used in lieu of the membrane contactor.05-06-2010
20130026096MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, ELECTROLYTIC CELL USING THE SAME, METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING OZONE WATER, METHOD FOR DISINFECTION AND METHOD FOR WASTEWATER OR WASTE FLUID TREATMENT - This invention is to provide a membrane-electrode assembly, an electrolytic cell using the same, a method and an apparatus for producing ozone water, a method for disinfection and a method for wastewater or waste fluid treatment, by using which electrolysis reaction products or decomposition products obtained at the anode are produced at a high efficiency; channel pressure drop is minimized; and the apparatus is designed in compact size without sacrificing the production capacity.01-31-2013
20130048562TREATMENT OF GAS WELL PRODUCTION WASTEWATERS - A method of treating a wastewater is provided and can be used, for example, to treat a gas well production wastewater to form a wastewater brine. The method can involve crystallizing sodium chloride by evaporation of the wastewater brine with concurrent production of a liquor comprising calcium chloride solution. Bromine and lithium can also be recovered from the liquor in accordance with the teachings of the present invention. Various metal sulfates, such as barium sulfate, can be removed from the wastewater in the production of the wastewater brine. Sources of wastewater can include gas well production wastewater and hydrofracture flowback wastewater.02-28-2013
20090301969Plant waste bio-product pomace extract concentrates and processes of producing same - A processes is provide herein for converting waste bio-product pomace to useful bio-product extracts. The process includes the steps of forming a mixture of water as a solvent and a specified quantity of the waste bio-product pomace. Then optionally adding a suitable quantity of citric acid to the water/waste bio-product mixture. Then heating waste bio-product pomace/water mixture to an elevated temperature below the boiling point of water. Then optionally adding a suitable quantity of sodium metabisulfite to the heated waste bio-product pomace/water mixture Then stirring heated waste bio-product pomace/water mixture for a suitable time to disperse the waste bio-product uniformly in the water solvent. Then cooling the stirred, heated waste bio-product pomace/water mixture to a suitable lower temperature at a rate of about 60° C. per hour. Then removing solids from the stirred waste bio-product pomace/water mixture. Then clarifying the cooled stirred water/waste bio-product mixture. Then concentrating the clarifying cooled stirred waste bio-product pomace/water mixture under the influence of a suitable vacuum and at a suitable increased temperature until the concentrate has a BRIX of about 20 to about 22. This provides a concentrated useful bio-product comprising antioxidant-enriched liquids comprised of the natural elements extracted from said waste bio-products.12-10-2009
20090301968Devices and methods for controlled release of additive compositions - Containers for controlled release of an additive composition into a liquid composition include a liquid impermeable casing having a hollow interior, at least one opening and a membrane component secured to the casing. Methods of releasing additive compositions into liquid compositions are also provided.12-10-2009
20130056416CONVERSION OF SEAWATER TO DRINKING WATER AT ROOM TEMPERATURE - An apparatus and methods for converting seawater to drinking water at room temperature include using the processes of osmosis, vacuum stripping, nanofiltration, ion exchange, and breakpoint chlorination, to provide a low-cost alternative to prior seawater conversion methods.03-07-2013
20130213888COOLING TOWER BLOW-DOWN, GROUNDWATER AND WASTEWATER RE-USE PROCESS AND SYSTEM - A cooling tower blow-down, groundwater and wastewater re-use process and system is provided, which system may further include a cooling tower evaporation recovery system and process. Thus, blow-down from cooling equipment may be reused by appropriate treatment of the blow-down water, or treatment of other sources of water such as groundwater or wastewater, for use as make-up water in a cooling tower or other cooling equipment, and the capture of evaporation from cooling equipment is conducted to increase the efficiency and lower costs in the operation of such equipment.08-22-2013
20130213889METHOD FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY REVERSE OSMOSIS OPERATION - A process for treatment of water. Hardness and non-hydroxide alkalinity are removed from feedwaters to an extent sufficient to avoid scaling when concentrated. Sparingly ionizable components in the feedwater are urged toward increased ionization by increasing the pH of the feedwater. In this manner, species such as silica become highly ionized, and (a) their rejection by membranes used in the process is significantly increased, and (b) their solubility in the reject stream from the membrane process is significantly increased. Sparingly ionized species such as boron, silica, and TOC are highly rejected. Recovery ratios of ninety percent (90%) or higher are achievable with many feedwaters, while simultaneously achieving a substantial reduction in cleaning frequency of membranes used in the process.08-22-2013
20090127195PURIFICATION OF ISOCYANATE FUNCTIONAL POLYMERS - Methods are provided for isolating and purifying components useful, either alone or in combination with other components, as adhesives or sealants for medical/surgical applications.05-21-2009
20100032375REVERSE OSMOSIS ENHANCED RECOVERY HYBRID PROCESS - Disclosed is a high-recovery integrated recycling process to treat water and waste water having high hardness, silica, and other contaminants to facilitate operation of a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane at very high overall recovery when treating waste water containing high concentration of sparingly soluble inorganic salts like hardness, silica, and other components such as silica, etc. The RO membrane continuously operates in low or conservative recovery conditions, but can still achieve a very high overall system recovery. The process includes precipitation softening in a softening clarifier where the scale forming salts are reduced followed by filtration and reverse osmosis. The precipitated salts are removed as underflow from the clarifier. The softened or partially softened water is then filtered by a conventional filtration system, for example by a media filter. This is then fed to a reverse osmosis membrane unit that is designed to operate at an appropriate recovery to avoid scaling and fouling. Normally the recovery can be maintained quite low, for example at 50 to 60% of the feed flow.02-11-2010
20100213125PERVAPORATION PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR CARRYING OUT SAME - The invention is directed to a pervaporation processes as well as to apparatuses for carrying out such processes. More in particular, the present invention is directed to improvements in pervaporation processes by improving mass transfer. According to the present invention the feed stream for a pervaporation process contains vapour and liquid. An apparatus for carrying out the process according to the invention comprises a boiler for evaporating a fraction of a liquid stream whereby a vapour stream can be obtained, a duct for combining the remaining liquid stream and said vapour to a mixture and for feeding said mixture to a pervaporation unit, which pervaporation unit comprises a membrane and a vacuum pump which is connected to the room that is on the permeate side of the membrane.08-26-2010
20100288700POST TREATMENT OF DESALINATED AND SOFT WATER FOR BALANCED WATER COMPOSITION SUPPLY - A calcite dissolution post-treatment process and apparatii for desalinated water are provided. The process comprises separating cations from seawater or brackish/seawater desalination brines by ion exchange resin(s) onto which the ions are loaded, contacting the ion exchange resin(s) loaded with the cations with an effluent of a calcite dissolution reactor wherein the cations are exchanged with Ca11-18-2010
20090236284REMOVAL OF SUBSTANCES IN DIALYSIS SOLUTIONS AND DIALYSIS COMPONENTS BY ION EXCHANGE ADSORPTION - Methods for removing substances from dialysis solutions and dialysis components using ion exchange adsorption are provided. In a general embodiment, the present disclosure provides a method for removing a substance from a dialysis solution. The method comprises providing a dialysis solution and passing the dialysis solution through an ion exchange resin so that at least a portion of the overall amount of the substance is removed from the dialysis solution by being adsorbed onto the ion exchange resin. The ion exchange resin can comprise an anion exchange resin or a cation exchange resin depending on the substances that are desired to be removed from the dialysis solution.09-24-2009
20090211976Device for removing bacterial lipopolysaccharides and/or lipoteichoic acids from protein-containing fluids and its use for the treatment of sepsis - A device for removing bacterial lipopolysaccharides and lipoteichoic acids from blood or plasma in an extracorporeal perfusion system contains, in a housing that can be incorporated into the perfusion system, a hollow fiber material that is suitable for the selective removal of bacterial lipopolysaccharides and lipoteichoic acids, the device being arranged in such a way that the blood or plasma entering through a first opening of the housing must pass through the hollow fiber material before it leaves through a second opening of the housing and is directed to the rest of the perfusion circuit.08-27-2009
20090200235PERVAPORATION MEMBRANES AND METHODS OF USE - Pervaporation membranes including poly(acrylamide)-grafted alginate membranes, which may be optimized for the separation of alcohols from water, low viscosity sodium alginate membranes containing PEG and PVA, which may be optimized for the separation of organic acids from water, and copolymeric PAN-grafted PVA membranes, which may be optimized for the separation of DMF from water, and methods of making such membranes. Use of such membranes in pervaporation and pervaporation devices containing such membranes. Use of such membranes alone or in combination with ion-exchange membranes for recovery of organic compounds or for water purification applications such as production of potable water or industrial waste treatment. The membranes of the present invention may be used to remove trace amounts of water from organic compounds.08-13-2009
20110284463DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PURIFYING VIRALLY INFECTED BLOOD - The present invention relates to a method for using lectins that bind to pathogens having surface glycoproteins or fragments thereof which contain glycoproteins, to remove them from infected blood or plasma or other fluids in an extracorporeal setting. Accordingly, the present invention provides a methods and devices for reducing viral load or plaque forming units in blood or plasma from one or more infected individuals. A preferred embodiment of the method comprises passing the blood or plasma through a porous hollow fiber membrane wherein lectin molecules are disposed proximate to the membrane, collecting pass-through blood or plasma and optionally reinfusing the pass-through blood or plasma into the individual. Additionally, the present invention provides a methods and devices for the reduction of plaque forming units, cleared more rapidly and more efficiently than overall viral load.11-24-2011
20110042313BIOEQUIVALENCE DIALYSIS - The present invention relates to a method for treating blood composition disorders and blood function disorders. Said method comprises steps, in which blood or blood plasma of a patient is brought into extracorporeal contact with a second fluid (bioequivalent), wherein said second fluid is blood or modified blood, which comprises at least granulocytes, thrombocytes, and erythrocytes. Furthermore, the invention relates to devices for performing said method and to the use of such a device or blood or modified blood, which comprises granulocytes, thrombocytes, and erythrocytes, for treating blood composition disorders and blood function disorders.02-24-2011
20100032374PHOSPHATE BINDING MATERIALS AND THEIR USES - Phosphate binding materials and compositions comprising them which are solid ligand-modified poly oxo-hydroxy metal ion materials are disclosed that are based on ferric iron oxo-hydroxides modified with carboxylic acid ligands, or ionised forms thereof. These materials are made and tested in the examples provided in the application to demonstrate that they can bind phosphate in in vitro and in in vivo studies.02-11-2010
20090277834RESIN CONTACTOR AND CONTAINMENT SYSTEM - The invention provides a method for contacting liquid with an ion exchange resin comprising introducing liquid into a process tank containing ion exchange resin at an inlet (11-12-2009
20090032466Agent for Increasing Rejection with a Permeable Membrane, Process for Increasing the Rejection, Permeable Membrane and Process for Water Treatment - An agent for increasing the rejection with a permeable membrane which comprises an ionic macromolecule having a weight-average molecular weight of 100,000 or greater; a process for increasing the rejection with a permeable membrane which comprises treating a permeable membrane with the agent; a permeable membrane which is treated in accordance with the process; and a process for water treatment which comprises using the permeable membrane are disclosed. By using the above agent, an increased rejection of inorganic electrolytes and organic compounds soluble in water can be maintained for a long time easily and safely at the location of the use of the membrane without extreme decrease in the flux of permeation in the membrane separation using a selective permeable membrane such as a nano filtration membrane and a reverse osmosis membrane.02-05-2009
20090321354Membrane Reactor for the Treatment of Liquid Effluents, Comprising a Membrane for Diffusion of an Oxidizing Gas and a Selective Membrane Defining a Reaction Space Between Said Membranes - The subject of the invention is a membrane reactor for the treatment of liquid effluents containing organic pollutants, of the type comprising at least one porous membrane (12-31-2009
20090095678PURIFICATION OF OIL SANDS POND WATER - A method of enhancing flux of tailings settling pond water from an oil sands process through a membrane separation system and purifying the water comprising is disclosed. The process comprises the following steps: (a) treating the water with an effective amount of one or more water-soluble cationic polymers, amphoteric polymers, zwitterionic polymers, or a combination thereof; (b) passing the treated water through a membrane separation system; and (c) optionally, passing the permeate from step (b) through an additional membrane separation system.04-16-2009
20110147306USE OF CATIONIC COAGULANT AND ACRYLAMIDE POLYMER FLOCCULANTS FOR SEPARATING OIL FROM OILY WATER - Methods for treating oily wastewater comprising adding to the wastewater a cationic coagulant and an acrylamide copolymer flocculant. The acrylamide copolymer flocculant may comprise either an anionic acrylamide copolymer flocculant or a cationic acrylamide copolymer flocculant or both. The acrylamide flocculants may be present in an emulsion or mixture along with activated starch or maleamate derivatized starch. The method may be employed, for example, to clarify SAGD and/or frac produce waters.06-23-2011
20100116738Process Of Purifying Ruthenium Precursors - The present invention provides for two separate processes for removing impurities from an organic solvent based ruthenium precursor. The first process comprises the steps of contacting the organic solvent based ruthenium precursor with one or more drying agents under an inert gas blanket for a sufficient period of time to allow at least a portion of the impurities in the organic solvent based ruthenium precursor to be adsorbed by the one or more drying agents; and separating the one or more drying agents which have at least a portion of the impurities adsorbed thereon from the organic solvent based ruthenium precursor. The second process comprises the steps of providing a column that contains one or more drying agents and is equipped with a filtration unit; passing the organic solvent based ruthenium precursor through the column in order to allow at least a portion of the impurities in the solvent based ruthenium precursor to be adsorbed by the one or more drying agents, said passing of the solvent based ruthenium precursor taking place under a blanket of inert gas; and further passing the ruthenium precursor through the filtration unit in order ro remove any residual particles that may result from the passage of the ruthenium precursor through the column containing the one or more drying agents in order to obtain a purified ruthenium precursor.05-13-2010
20090289009Ion chromatography systems with flow-delay eluent recycle - A chromatographic method including chromatographically separating sample ionic species in an eluent stream, detecting the separated sample ionic species, catalytically combining hydrogen and oxygen gases or catalytically decomposing hydrogen peroxide in a catalytic gas elimination chamber, and recycling the effluent stream from the chamber to the chromatography separation column. The residence time between the detector and the chamber is at least about one minute. Also, flowing the recycle sequentially through two detector effluent flow channels of an electrolytic membrane suppressor. Also, applying heat or UV energy between the detector and the chamber. Also, detecting bubbles after the chamber. Also, a Platinum group metal catalyst and ion exchange medium in the chamber. Apparatus for performing the methods.11-26-2009
20090107917WATER WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A system for purifying non-potable water to make said water potable includes an intake pump for bringing the non-potable water into the system. At least one centrifugal separator separates the non-potable water into suspended solids, saline water and oil. At least one ozone contact chamber injects ozone into a water stream being injected into at least one of the at least one of the centrifugal separators. A series of progressive filtration components are used for progressively filtering the saline water from the at least one centrifugal separator. The salinization filters then desalinate the progressively filtered saline water.04-30-2009
20100006502DISCRETE DROP DISPENSING DEVICE AND METHOD OF USE - A discrete drop dispensing device comprises a substrate comprising an upper surface and a lower surface and orifices extending from the upper surface to the lower surface, adapted to receive a fluid at a flow rate. The discrete drop dispensing device also comprises an oscillator disposed adjacent to the substrate and configured to vibrate the substrate to expel drops having a substantially equal volume of the fluid. The flow rate is substantially identical to a drop dispensing rate. A method and a device for performing liquid chromatography are also described. The method comprises automatically adjusting the drop dispensing rate to a change in the flow rate or a change in a composition of a mobile phase of the fluid.01-14-2010
20110198286Separative Bioreactor - A bioreactor that combines the steps of recombinant expression and separation of a biological product by binding the secreted biological product with a resin, discarding the nutrient medium and eluting the biological product as a concentrated solution, eliminating the steps of sterile filtration and volume reduction. The method also allows loading of resin for column-purification, eliminating all steps of perfusion process and maintaining a sink condition of a toxic product in nutrient medium to optimize productivity of host cells. The instant invention also allows harvesting of solubilized inclusion bodies after the cells have been lysed and refolding of proteins inside the bioreactor.08-18-2011
20110198285Zero Discharge Water Desalination Plant With Minerals Extraction Integrated With Natural Gas Combined Cycle Power Generation - A desalination and minerals extraction process includes a desalination facility fluidly coupled to a minerals extraction facility. The desalination facility includes a nanofiltration membrane section producing a first tailings stream and a reverse osmosis membrane section producing a second tailings stream and a desalinated water outlet stream from an inlet feed stream. The extraction facility produces at least one mineral compound, an extraction tailings stream, and a second desalinated water outlet stream. At least one of the first tailings stream and the second tailings stream is fed into the extraction facility. In certain exemplary embodiments, a natural gas combined cycle power unit supplies power to at least one of the desalination facility and the extraction facility. In certain exemplary embodiments, the extraction tailings stream is recycled into the desalination facility and there are no extraction tailings streams or desalination tailings streams discharged into the environment.08-18-2011
20090294358PROCESS FOR HETEROGENEOUSLY CATALYSED ESTERFICATION OF FATTY ACIDS - The invention relates to a process for esterifying free fatty acids in vegetable and animal fat with alcohols over heterogeneous acidic ion exchange resin catalysts at temperatures of 60 to 120° C.12-03-2009
20120292254Treatment Apparatus and Methods - Various methods and apparatus are disclosed that relate to one or more aspects of a treatment system that circum-neutralizes the pH of an aqueous stream, removes one or more heavy metals from the aqueous stream, circum-neutralizes the pH of a CCR supply, and/or removes one or more heavy metals from the CCR supply.11-22-2012
20100116739METHOD OF MAKING MACROPOROUS CATION EXCHANGE RESINS - Methods of making macroporous cation exchange resins are described. The macroporous cation exchange resins are in the form of particles such as beads that contain a hydrophilic, crosslinked, (meth)acrylic-type polymeric material. The macroporous cation exchange resins are prepared using an inverse suspension polymerization process in the presence of a water soluble, organic, aliphatic porogen having at least three hydroxy groups.05-13-2010
20110203993TREATMENT STAGES FOR SELENIUM REMOVAL - Methods and apparatus relate to treating fluid to at least reduce selenium content within the fluid. The treating includes conditioning stages to alter a composition of the fluid prior to removal of the selenium content from the fluid. The composition of the fluid after the conditioning stages facilitates the removal of the selenium content or at least limits detrimental impact to selenium removal efficiency.08-25-2011
20090266763Water Treatment Apparatus and Water Treatment Method10-29-2009
20080251457METHOD FOR REDUCING FOULING IN MICROFILTRATION SYSTEMS - A process has been found which increases the efficiency and effectiveness of the overall filtration system, by reducing the fouling of the microfiltration system, thereby increasing its permeability and reducing the frequency of cleanings necessary.10-16-2008
20080245734Synergistic Solvent Extraction Process - A process for separating one or more metal ions forming a first group of metal ions such as copper, zinc and ferric ions, from one or more other metal ions forming a second group of metal ions such as cobalt and nickel, comprising: 10-09-2008
20080210633FLUID STORAGE AND PURIFICATION METHOD - A method of storing and dispensing a fluid includes providing a vessel configured for selective dispensing of the fluid therefrom. The vessel contains an ionic liquid therein. The fluid is contacted with the ionic liquid for take-up of the fluid by the ionic liquid. There is substantially no chemical change in the ionic liquid and the fluid. The fluid is released from the ionic liquid and dispensed from the vessel.09-04-2008
20090139929Chelating compound, and method of use of, poly(2-octadecyl-butanedioate) and the corresponding acid, poly(2-octadecyl-butanedioic acid) - A Chelating agent comprising a polymer backbone. The polymer backbone has a plurality of carbon atoms. There are two carboxylate groups or carboxylic acid groups per repeating unit being coupled to separate carbon atoms of the backbone.06-04-2009
20090026138Process for Separating at Least One Actinide Element From Lanthanide Elements in an Aqueous Medium by Sequestration and Membrane Filtration - The invention relates to a process for separating, in an aqueous medium, at least one actinide element from one or more lanthanide elements by using at least one molecule which sequesters the said actinide element to be separated and membrane filtration, the said process successively comprising: 01-29-2009
20090184051GROUPED SEPARATION OF ACTINIDES FROM A HIGHLY ACIDIC AQUEOUS PHASE - The invention relates to a process for collectively separating all the actinides (III), (IV), (V) and (VI) present in a strongly acidic aqueous phase, from the fission products, and in particular from the lanthanides, which are also present in this phase, using two extractants that operate in unconnected chemical fields.07-23-2009
20090084728Method for Recovering Potable Water from the Exhaust of an Internal Combustion Engine - A water recovery method and apparatus which uses a desiccant, such as lithium chloride, to recover water vapor from the engine exhaust of a vehicle. The apparatus uses liquid-contactor to transfer water vapor from the vehicle exhaust to the liquid desiccant. The desiccant is then transferred to a reverse osmosis system which separates the liquid desiccant into potable water and a concentrated desiccant.04-02-2009
20090211975Batch Filtration System for Preparation of Sterile Fluid for Renal Replacement Therapy - A method and device for blood treatments that use fluids such as dialysate and replacement fluid for renal replacement therapy. In an embodiment, fluid is passed either by pump or passively by gravity feed, through a microporous sterilization filter from a fluid source to a replacement fluid container. The latter forms a batch that may be used during treatment. The advantage of forming the batch before treatment is that the rate of filtering needn't match the rate of consumption during treatment. As a result, the sterilization filter can have a small capacity. In another embodiment, a filter is placed immediately prior to the point at which the sterile fluid is consumed by the treatment process. The latter may be used in combination with the former embodiment as a last-chance guarantee of sterility and/or that the fluid is free of air bubbles. It may also be used as the primary means of sterile-filtration.08-27-2009
20090230059Enhanced water treatment for reclamation of waste fluids and increased efficiency treatment of potable waters - Disclosed is a process for reclamation of waste fluids. A conditioning container is employed for receipt of waste material on a continuous flow for treatment within the container by immersible transducers producing ultrasonic acoustic waves in combination with a high level of injected ozone. The treated material exhibits superior separation properties for delivery into a centrifuge for enhanced solid waste removal. The invention discloses a cost efficient and environmentally friendly process and apparatus for cleaning and recycling of flowback, or frac water, which has been used to stimulate gas production from shale formations. The apparatus is mobile and containerized and suitable for installation at the well site.09-17-2009
20100181252METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PURIFYING A LIQUID COMPRISING CRYSTAL INHIBITOR RECOVERY - The present invention relates to a method for purifying a liquid, comprising the steps of:—supplying a flow of liquid for purifying;—adding a crystal growth inhibitor;—purifying the flow;—separating the flow into a purified flow and a return flow; and—concentrating the crystal growth inhibitor, present in the return flow, in a crystallizer07-22-2010
20100163487METHOD FOR RECOVERING A USED SLURRY - Foreign substances which are not inherently contained in a polishing slurry are selectively separated and removed from a polishing slurry component comprised of abrasives, a solvent and an additive which are inherently contained in the polishing slurry.07-01-2010
20100187175TREATMENT OF WATER WITH HYPOBROMITE SOLUTION - A process of producing ultrapure water includes passing a water stream through a plurality of treatment stages in which inorganic and organic species which are present in the water are separated from the water stream; and adding an aqueous hypobromite solution to the water stream in at least one of the stages.07-29-2010
20100224559OXYGENATOR - An oxygenator which helps avoid bubbles in the blood from being discharged through the blood outlet port of the oxygenator includes a housing, a hollow fiber membrane bundle in the housing and formed by a multiplicity of hollow fiber membranes serving for gas exchange, gas-inlet and gas-outlet ports communicating with gas passages of the hollow fiber membranes, and a blood-inlet and blood-outlet ports. A filter member is provided on a side closer to the blood outlet port of the hollow fiber membrane bundle and serves to catch bubbles in blood. The blood outlet port projects from the housing and a passage enlargement is provided in a vicinity of the end of the blood outlet port closer to the housing and having an increased passage cross-sectional area. The blood passed the filter member is allowed to reach the blood outlet port by being decelerated in the passage enlargement.09-09-2010
20090039019POROUS MEMBRANES CONTAINING EXCHANGE RESINS - Articles that include two or more exchange resins in one or more microporous membranes, where the membranes remove oppositely charged impurities from a fluid in contact with the membranes, are disclosed. Methods for using such devices to remove charged impurities from fluid in contact with the membrane are provided.02-12-2009
20100213126PROCESS FOR FRACTIONATING A MIXTURE OF POLYISOCYANATES - Method of fractionating a mixture of polyisocyanates in the liquid phase, optionally in the presence of a suitable solvent or mixture of two or more solvents, by means of a selectively permeable membrane into a permeate stream and a retentate stream of polyisocyanate compositions different to each other and different to the original mixture.08-26-2010
20120193288Organic oil boom - An organic oil boom is a method for containing pollution floating on water or the sea. The invention describes a method that makes it possible to isolate pollution as, for example, oil, from the surrounding environment. Spraying a viscous liquid such as an alginate or chitosan solution over and around the oil results in isolation of the oil from the seawater as the mixture has a density that is lighter than seawater and heavier than oil. To isolate the oil also from the air, a gas is added so that the density of the mixture is lower than the density of the oil. The addition of a multivalent cation solution such as calcium ions will, under the right pH conditions, polymerise the viscous liquid, thus forming a solid polymer film which surrounds the oil and isolates it from the surrounding environment.08-02-2012
20130126429AMINE SULFIDE SCAVENGERS, METHODS OF USING, AND METHODS OF MAKING - Methods for making sulfide scavenging compositions are provided. The compositions are secondary amine-formaldehyde adduct (SAFA) scavengers comprising less than about 40 wt % N-methyl secondary amines therein. The methods include reacting secondary amines with formaldehyde. Methods for removing sulfides from fluid streams are also provided. The methods include adding secondary amine-formaldehyde adduct (SAFA) scavengers to fluid streams. SAFA scavengers comprising less than about 40 wt % N-methyl secondary amines of the total weight of SAFA scavengers are also disclosed.05-23-2013
20130126430Systems, Apparatus, and Methods for a Water Purification System - A water purification system comprising a cross-flow filter is arranged to permit recirculation of the retentate or reject water from the retentate outlet of the filter to the inlet of the filter. A first pump is configured to pump source water into the feed water path of the filter, and to raise the fluid pressure in the feed water path and recirculation path. A second pump is configured to recirculate water from the retentate outlet of the filter to the inlet of the filter at a flow rate substantially higher than the flow rate of water generated by the first pump. A drain path connected to the recirculation path or feed water path may include a flow restrictor to permit removal of highly concentrated reject water while maintaining a minimum fluid pressure within the recirculation flowpath.05-23-2013
20130126431WATER CONVERSION SYSTEM - A system for converting contaminated water, such as produced water, frack flow back water, and other contaminated water from industrial sources into fresh, non-contaminated, or potable water includes a registration and verification unit for registering intake water loads and verifying their content; a receiving system for temporarily isolating each load; an equalization basin for creating an homogenized water source; an electro-coagulation unit in which one or more of the voltage, current, pulse frequency and application time are variable and controlled by one or more of a conductivity sensor; a pH sensor; a level sensor; an ultrafiltration unit for removing organics; a nanofiltration unit; a reverse osmosis unit, and an electrodyalisis unit. The processed concentrate remaining after the water is converted is dewatered via a forward osmosis unit.05-23-2013
20100126934PURIFICATION PROCESS OF FLUORINE-BASED SOLVENT-CONTAINING SOLUTION - To provide a purification process where a fluorine-based solvent can be obtained at a high purity by relatively small equipment without using a distillation apparatus. A purification process of a mixed solution containing a fluorine-based solvent which is a process for purifying a fluorine-based solvent from a mixed solution containing a fluorine-based solvent, a water-soluble organic solvent contaminant, an organic contaminant and an ion contaminant, the process comprising: step (1): washing the mixed solution with water to obtain a first treated solution in which the water-soluble organic solvent concentration is reduced to 0.01 wt % or less, step (2): treating the first treated solution with activated carbon to obtain a second treated solution in which the organic contaminant concentration is reduced to 20 ppb or less, step (3): treating the second treated solution with activated alumina to obtain a third treated solution in which the fluoride ion contaminant is reduced to 10 ppb or less, and step (4): treating the third treated solution with a particle removing filter to obtain a fluorine-based solvent in which the number of particles of 0.1 μm or more is 10 particles/mL or less.05-27-2010
20100000943METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DESOLVATING FLOWING LIQUID - Methods and apparatus for desolvating flowing liquid streams while retaining temporal resolution of dissolved substrates are disclosed. A novel small-scale self-regulating spray dryer preserves temporal resolution while desolvating a liquid chromatography eluent stream and depositing the solute onto an optical surface for infrared spectrographic analysis. The liquid eluent is pumped through a heated nebulizer to create a high-speed jet of solute containing liquid and solvent vapor. This jet is directed circumferentially inside a hot cylindrical cavity. Centrifugal force causes the larger liquid droplets to travel along the outer diameter of the cavity. The cavity surface is heated to cause the droplets to film boil. Film boiling reduces droplet contact with the cavity surface thereby retaining the solute in the droplets. The solute temperature is limited by controlling the pressure into which the solvent evaporates from the droplets. When the droplets are sufficiently small, Stokes drag from the exiting solvent vapor carries the droplets out through the center of the cylindrical cavity. After exiting, the superheated solvent vapor further dries the droplets. Solvent vapor is removed by condensation onto a cooled surface. A freezing point reducing agent may be added to improve removal of solvent condensate. Stokes drag from a non-condensable gas maintains the dried droplets in suspension. This suspension travels through an orifice that focuses the impaction of the dried droplets onto the optical surface for infrared analysis. The deposition surface is in an evacuated chamber and is temperature controlled to freeze liquid solutes yet allowing sublimation of residual solvent.01-07-2010
20100294717POST TREATMENT FOR DESALINATED AND SOFT WATER FOR BALANCED WATER COMPOSITION SUPPLY - An H2S04-based calcite dissolution post-treatment process and apparatii for desalinated water are provided. The process comprises separating cations from seawater by ion exchange resin (s) (11-25-2010
20110127217OIL SANDS PROCESS WATER TREATMENT FOR REUSE - A process for treating oil sands process water is provided, comprising removing free oil and grease from the oil sands process water to produce de-oiled process water; reducing the total suspended solids by subjecting the de-oiled process water to filtration using a membrane system to produce filtered process water; and removing dissolved ions such as chloride ions and sulfate ions present in the filtered process water by reverse osmosis to produce a treated water stream and a concentrated salt stream.06-02-2011
20110017665Dialysis Systems and Methods - This disclosure generally relates to dialysis systems and related methods. In one aspect of the invention, a dialysis system includes a device configured so that a medical fluid can pass therethrough, and the device is adapted to remove one or more substances from the medical fluid as the medical fluid passes through the device. The dialysis system can also include a sodium control system adapted to alter a sodium concentration of the medical fluid.01-27-2011
20110226694METHODS OF REDUCING RADIOTOXICITY IN AQUEOUS ACIDIC SOLUTIONS AND A REACTION SYSTEM FOR SAME - A method of reducing radiotoxicity in an aqueous acidic solution is disclosed. The method comprises oxidizing actinide ions in an aqueous acidic solution to hexavalent actinide ions. An organic phase comprising at least one organophosphorus extractant is added to the aqueous acidic solution. The at least one organophosphorus extractant comprises a compound having from one oxygen atom to three oxygen atoms bonded to a phosphorus atom and having one of the oxygen atoms bonded to the phosphorus atom through a phosphorus-oxygen double bond. Complexes are formed between the hexavalent actinide ions and the at least one organophosphorus extractant. The complexes are separated from the aqueous acidic solution. An additional method and a reaction system for removing actinides from an aqueous acidic solution are also disclosed.09-22-2011
20110210069WATER TREATMENT DEVICE AND METHOD - A water treatment device comprises: a membrane desalination unit; a first conduit transporting a first stream of feed water to the membrane unit; a second conduit transporting a first stream of product water from the membrane desalination unit; an electrical separation unit; a third conduit transporting a first stream of reject water from the membrane desalination unit to the electrical separation unit; a fourth conduit transporting a second stream of product water from the electrical separation unit; a precipitation unit; a fifth conduit transporting a second stream of reject water from the electrical separation unit to the precipitation unit; a sixth conduit transporting a second stream of feed water from the precipitation unit to the electrical separation device; a seventh conduit releasing a discharge stream of water; and a chemical injection unit communicating with at least one of the electrical separation device and the precipitation unit. Associated method is provided.09-01-2011
20090218282Dual-Train Wastewater Reclamation and Treatment System - A wastewater treatment system for use on marine vessels or land-based applications where wastewater is separated into two separate sources as graywater and raw sewage (blackwater). For blackwater, the treatment system incorporates five general phases (or zones): (09-03-2009
20100065497MEMBRANE STATION WASTE TREATMENT PROCESS - A method of removing phosphonates from water includes directing the water into a first settling zone. The water is then directed to a membrane filtration zone and is filtered therein to produce a concentrate containing phosphonates. The concentrate containing phosphonates is then contacted with sludge such that at least some of the phosphonates in the concentrate are adsorbed onto the sludge. Flocculant is added to the sludge and the concentrate to form a floc-mixture which is directed to a second settling zone to form treated concentrate.03-18-2010
20110084025WATER PURIFIER AND WATER PURIFICATION METHOD - To provide a water purifier containing: a diluting unit configured to bring targeted water into contact with a nonvolatile compound-containing aqueous solution via a semi-permeable membrane to separate water from the targeted water by the membrane, and to dilute the nonvolatile compound-containing aqueous solution with the separated water; a separating unit configured to heat the diluted aqueous solution so as to separate water vapor from the diluted aqueous solution, and to obtain the concentrated aqueous solution; a condensing unit configured to cool the separated water vapor to generate water; an evaporating unit configured to collect, as purified water, part of the generated water, and to evaporate the rest of the generated water under the reduced pressure to obtain water vapor; and an absorbing unit configured to allow the concentrated aqueous solution obtained by the separating unit to absorb the water vapor obtained by the evaporating unit.04-14-2011
20100300969Apparatus and Method for Self-Heating and Self-Hydrating Foods and Beverages - A method and components for heating and hydrating foods and beverages using an exothermic and pressure generating chemical reaction are described. The exothermic reaction can be initiated by water, spark, electrical impulse, squib, friction, or shock to heat non-potable water and force the water through a membrane filter, thereby producing heated, potable water.12-02-2010
20100038314METHOD FOR THE FLOATATION-CLARIFICATION OF DIFFICULT WATER AND FACILITY FOR IMPLEMENTING SAME - The invention relates to a method for the floatation-clarification of difficult water, in particular heavily polluted surface water, urban or industrial wastewater, rainwater or any type of water that floats with difficulty, particularly water which contains a high percentage of mineral matter or requires the injection of a flocculation aid and which originates from filters or membrane technologies such as ultrafiltration, said method comprising: a coagulation step (A02-18-2010
20130168315REMOVAL OF FIELD CHEMICALS FROM PRODUCED WATER USING DIFFERENT MEMBRANE PROCESSES AND SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT - Methods and systems based on membrane separation processes for removal of field chemicals are provided. In certain embodiments, methods and systems for water impurity removal include introducing contaminated water into membrane separation devices, which comprise ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, or a reverse osmosis membranes. In some embodiments, the reverse osmosis system comprises a semi-permeable membrane capable of rejecting substantially all of the monovalent ions, divalent ions, and organic molecules. Examples of impurities which may be removed by this system include kinetic hydrate inhibitor and/or corrosion inhibitor. In certain embodiments, the impurity removal system may comprise one or more impurity removal stages. Some embodiments of the present invention feature a high field chemical removal rate of from about 84 percent to about 99.9 percent, depending on the choice of membranes.07-04-2013
20090127194ELECTRODIALYSIS REVERSAL AND ELECTROCHEMICAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT METHOD OF COMPOUND CONTAINING NITROGEN - Provided is a wastewater treatment method using an electrodialysis reversal (EDR)-electrochemical wastewater treatment (EWT) combined process, the method including: separating inflow wastewater which contains nitrogen compounds into product water and concentrated water using an EDR facility; and decomposing the concentrated water into target materials to be eliminated from the wastewater in an EWT facility. Provided is a wastewater treatment method for decomposing inflow water containing a nitrogen-containing compound into target materials to be eliminated using an EWT facility alone. According to the wastewater treatment method, product water which is flowed out from an EDR facility can be reused as raw water, and the method guarantees reliability and stability by simultaneously processing recalcitrant COD and T-N in the concentrated water. The wastewater treatment method efficiently removes recalcitrant COD and T-N, which are derived from ethanolamine (ETA), in wastewater produced in a power plant and an industrial facility using ETA as a pH-adjusting agent. EDR-EWT process can be easily combined with a common wastewater treatment and can efficiently and stably treat wastewater containing recalcitrant COD and T-N. Therefore, the method can actively satisfy the strengthening environmental regulation criteria.05-21-2009
20090255874VERSATILE WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Systems and methods for versatile water purification are provided. A system according to the invention may include a first delivery pump. The first delivery pump may maintain a flow of water into a multi media filter. The multi media filter preferably filters the pumped water. The filtered water may then be pumped by a reverse osmosis pump through a plurality of reverse osmosis columns to produce an osmosis water having less particulate matter than the filtered water. The osmosis water may then be passed to a buffer tank. A second delivery pump for pumping water from the buffer tank may also be used. An ozone system for injecting ozone into water pumped by the second delivery pump may be also implemented. A first output path from the ozone system may pass the ozonated water from the ozone system to the buffer tank via a first valve. A second output path from the ozone system may also be implemented. The second output path may pass ozonated water from the ozone system via a second valve to a bottle washing station. An Ultra Violet (UV) System for receiving water from the buffer tank and for killing bacteria in the water prior to dispensing for drinking the water pumped by the second delivery system may also be used. In addition, a mineralization system for receiving water from the UV System and for adding minerals to the water prior to dispensing the water received from the UV system may be used. A computer for controlling operation of at least the first delivery pump, the reverse osmosis pump, the second delivery pump, the ozone system, the first valve, the second valve, and the UV System may be implemented according to the invention.10-15-2009
20110163032HIGH RECOVERY SULFATE REMOVAL PROCESS - A high recovery sulfate removal process comprises treating a feed water stream conditioned with antiscalant from a source with a reverse osmosis membrane system to produce a purified water permeate stream and a reject stream containing the retained or rejected ions and organic matter. The reject stream is further treated to remove dissolved and suspended species. The reject stream flows to a desaturation/clarification process. A preferred process includes a constant stirred tank reactor (CSTR) where co-precipitation agent is added followed by a clarifier. Water recycled from the clarifier overflow is blended with feed water stream. The removed solids are collected as sludge or a slurry and disposed of in a manner consistent with applicable regulations.07-07-2011
20110163031METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECOVERY OF WATER CONTAINING SILICA - Disclosed are embodiments of a method and apparatus for the treatment of water containing silica in order to recover as much treated water from a water source as possible while minimizing the generation of waste products. Other embodiments include removing specific elements from the water source and utilizing those elements. Embodiments of the method and apparatus uses in-line physical and physio-chemical treatment methods to remove potential biological, colloidal and hardness foulants continually so that there is minimal loss of water from the water source stream and minimal addition of chemicals to accomplish removal or reduction of these potential recovery-limiting foulants.07-07-2011
20100320147 Reactor tank - Disclosed is an improved water treatment cavitation reactor cone. The tank operates on a continuous flow of fluids which are subjected to ultrasonic waves in combination with a high level of injected ozone. The treatment tank includes a tangential inlet that induces a rotating flow into the tank thereby increasing the mixing of the ozone within the effluent. The effluent is further treated with DC current. The treatment tank provides a cost efficient and environmentally friendly process and apparatus for cleaning and recycling fluids as contaminated as frac water, used to stimulate gas production from shale formations, as well as other types of fluids having various levels of contaminants such as aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and suspended solids. The calcium carbonate scaling tendency is reduced to an acceptable level without the use of acids, ion exchange materials, or anti scaling chemicals which is of economical and environmental significance and benefit.12-23-2010
20100320146HYDROPHILIC MEMBRANES WITH A NON-IONIC SURFACTANT - The invention relates to hydrophilic membranes which are supplemented or treated with a non-ionic surfactant and processes for preparing such membranes. The membranes are particularly suitable for plasma separation or for haemodialysis and haemodiafiltration, but can also advantageously be used in other applications. Accordingly, the invention is further directed to the use of such membranes for plasma separation, plasma filtration, micro filtration, plasma therapy, haemodialysis and haemodiafiltration or cell filtration applications, respectively. The treated hydrophilic membranes show excellent biocompatibility, such as reduced platelet drop and decreased TAT levels.12-23-2010
20110132839SULFATE REMOVAL FROM WATER SOURCES - An integrated process for removing sulfate from water sources, such as pretreated acid mine drainage (AMD). The multivalent cation (MVC) content of a sulfate stream is reduced by strong acid cation (SAC) ion exchange and sulfate is concentrated with a membrane system and separated as precipitate and overflow. Precipitation results from reaction of sulfate with MVC produced by regeneration of SAC with sodium chloride. The overflow is reacted with carbonate to precipitate MVC, generate sodium chloride and give a further overflow stream. This latter stream is concentrated to a level capable of being a regenerant for the SAC and when needed, used to regenerate the SAC and produce MVC for sulfate precipitation. The process minimizes the use of chemicals by treating, reconcentrating and recycling input species. Capital expenditures are minimized by precipitation of only side streams.06-09-2011
20110132840System and Method for using Carbon Dioxide Sequestered from Seawater in the Remineralization of Process Water - Disclosed is an improved method for remineralizing desalinated water. The desalination system includes, but is not limited to, a conventional reverse osmosis membrane system, forward osmosis membrane system, electro dialysis system, Multi Stage Flash (MSF) system, and Multi Effect Distillation (MED) system.06-09-2011
20110253628METHOD OF INHIBITING SCALE FORMATION AND DEPOSITION IN DESALINATION SYSTEMS - This invention relates to an improved method of inhibiting corrosion and calcium sulfate and calcium carbonate scaling in thermal and membrane desalination processes. The method includes adding a composition having an acrylic acid 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropyl sulfonic acid copolymer, combined with a synergistically effective amount of oligomeric phosphinosuccinic acid to seawater or recirculation brine in a desalting process to produce water for drinking and industrial applications. The method also includes adding a composition including mono, bis, and oligomeric phosphinosuccinic acid adducts to the desalting process.10-20-2011
20110168629Process for Recovering Heavy Oil Utilizing One or More Membranes - An oil recovery process utilizes one or more membranes to remove silica and/or oil from produced water. In one method, the process includes separating oil from produced water and precipitating silica. The produced water having the precipitated silica is directed to a membrane, such as a ceramic membrane, which removes the precipitated silica from the produced water. In some cases, residual oil is present and is also removed by the membrane.07-14-2011
20100059439METHOD OF SIMULTANEOUSLY CONCENTRATING AND DETOXIFYING SUGARS BEFORE FERMENTATION - A method for concentrating sugars and decreasing fermentation inhibitor concentrations simultaneously before fermentation is disclosed. The method includes the steps of adjusting the pH value of a hydrozylate containing sugars and fermentation inhibitors; separating solid and liquid in the hydrozylate, for removing large particles in the solution; and applying a semi-permeable membrane, for concentrating the sugars and decreasing the total concentration of the fermentation inhibitors in the hydrozylate, so as to obtain a concentrated solution. By the aforesaid method, the sugar concentrations in the hyrozylate are increased, thereby increasing the concentration of ethanol in the subsequent fermentation. Therefore, the cost of purifying ethanol and the volume of the fermentation tank are both reduced. Moreover, the total concentration of the fermentation inhibitors, such as acetic acid, furfural and hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF), is decreased, favoring onset of fermentation.03-11-2010
20110259824WATER TREATMENT PROCESS, AND MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESS AND WATER TREATMENT PLANT SUITABLE THEREFOR - A description is given of a multistage process for treating water, wherein a water stream is purified in a membrane separation stage and a downstream deionization unit having at least one concentrate chamber and at least one diluate chamber, wherein the water stream is separated in the membrane separation device into a concentrate stream and at least two permeate streams of different electrical conductivity, and wherein at least the permeate stream having the highest electrical conductivity is fed at least partially into the at least one concentrate chamber and at least the permeate stream having the lowest electrical conductivity is fed at least partially into the at least one diluate chamber of the downstream deionization unit. In addition, a membrane separation device is described which is constructed in such a manner that at least two permeate streams having different electrical conductivity can be generated therein, and also a water treatment plant, comprising at least one such membrane separation device and at least one deionization unit having at least one concentrate chamber and at least one diluate chamber.10-27-2011
20100025328Therapy for liver disease - The invention provides an apparatus for use in the treatment of an individual suffering from liver disease, including: (a) means for selectively removing albumin from the blood of the individual; and (b) means for selectively removing endotoxin from the blood of the individual.02-04-2010
20100025329METHOD FOR TREATMENT WITH REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE - A method for treatment with a reverse osmosis membrane to reduce decrease in flux that occurs even under the conditions that water supplied to a reverse osmosis membrane treatment apparatus contains only a trace amount of iron and that the formation of scales of substances such as calcium and silica is prohibited. A method for performing a treatment with a reverse osmosis membrane to treat raw water containing iron at 1000 μg/L or less as total iron with a reverse osmosis membrane, including a step of adding a compound having a sulfo group to the raw water.02-04-2010
20120205309METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SEPARATING SOLVENT FROM LIQUID INCLUDING SOLVENT AND SOLUTE - According to one embodiment, a method for separating a solvent from an object solution includes the solvent and a solute is provided. The method includes preparing a forward osmosis membrane having a first surface and a second surface, and contacting the first surface of the membrane with the object solution and contacting the second surface with a liquid for collection. A substance having solidity is configured to exert a force for transferring the solvent in the object solution to the membrane, and disposed on the second surface of the membrane and/or dispersed in the liquid for collection to transfer the solvent in the object solution from the first surface to the liquid for collection.08-16-2012
20120205310METHOD AND DEVICE FOR RECYCLING OF WASTEWATER - A method for treating wastewater including: flocculating and granulating the wastewater in a wastewater collection pool through a flocculation sedimentation tank; pumping the flocculated water with a high/low turbidity into a hair filter through a lift pump; pumping the pretreated water into an organic/inorganic membrane filter to yield clear water containing detergent; treating the clear water containing detergent with activated carbon and an ultraviolet lamp; raising the water pressure to 10-15 Kg using a high-pressure pump, and pumping the neutral clear water into a reverse osmosis apparatus for further removal of inorganic matters, organic matters, virus, and bacteria to obtain purified water. A device for recycling treatment of car-washing and laundry wastewater is also provided.08-16-2012
20100155330TARGET MATERIAL REMOVAL USING RARE EARTH METALS - The present invention is directed to the removal of one or more selected target materials from various streams using a rare earth metal-containing fixing agent.06-24-2010
20090173692WATER TREATMENT PROCESS FOR OILFIELD PRODUCED WATER - The invention relates to a method and system for treating an aqueous liquid containing dissolved minerals and dissolved hydrocarbons. Method steps and apparatus for treating a waste water feed stream are disclosed which utilize a warm lime softening system in fluid communication with the waste water feed stream, wherein sludge from the warm lime softening system is recycled to improve lime utilization and enhance silica and boron removal without the addition of an external source of magnesium. In addition, a microfiltration system and/or an air stripper system may be used in fluid communication with at least one reverse osmosis system to produce a treatment water that meets state and federal guidelines for surface discharge.07-09-2009
20120145630FRESH WATER PRODUCTION METHOD - Provided is a fresh water production method applying a combined water-treatment technology employing a plurality of semi-permeable membrane units, the method enabling prevention of problems caused by growth of a biofilm and allowing effective use of an injected chemical agent and an injected neutralizing agent. The fresh-water production method produces fresh water by treatment of source water by a semi-permeable membrane treatment device, the concentrated water resulting from the treatment by the semi-permeable membrane treatment device is mixed with other source water, and the water mixture is treated by a second semi-permeable membrane treatment device. A first chemical agent is injected continuously or intermittently into the source water and a second chemical agent is injected continuously or intermittently into the source water.06-14-2012
20120097609METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR TREATMENT OF AQUEOUS OILY SOLUTIONS - A method for treatment of an aqueous oily solution includes combining the aqueous oily solution with one or more miscible organic solvents to produce a mixture of precipitated solids and a liquid phase; separating the precipitated solids from the liquid phase; separating the liquid phase at least into an organic phase and an aqueous phase; and removing at least a portion of one or more oily substances from the organic phase. A system for treatment of an aqueous oily solution is also presented.04-26-2012
20090120874MEMBRANE FOR FILTERING OF WATER - Disclosed are novel water membranes comprising lipid bilayers incorporating functional aqua-porins. The lipid bilayers are arranged in sandwich structures including hydrophilic or hydro-phobic support materials. Also disclosed are water purification devices/systems, including reverse osmosis filtering devices that include membranes having functional aquaporins. Methods of water purification and methods of preparing the membranes are also disclosed. Further, the invention provides for a new type of perforated, hydrophobic polymer film and to membranes containing lipid bilayers having other transmembrane proteins than aquaporins introduced.05-14-2009
20120037565Methods and Materials for Selective Boron Adsorption from Aqueous Solution - A method for reducing a boron concentration in a boron-containing aqueous liquid involves administering micelle(s) for selective boron adsorption to the boron-containing aqueous liquid to produce boron-bonded micelle(s), wherein the micelle(s) comprise a reaction product of an N-substituted-glucamine and a glycidyl ether; passing the micelle-containing aqueous liquid through a membrane to separate the boron-bonded micelle(s) from the aqueous liquid; and recovering a permeate having a reduced boron concentration from the membrane. A material capable of selectively adsorbing boron from a boron-containing aqueous liquid contains at least one micelle having a hydrophobic tail and a head comprising a hydrophilic functional group having formula (I):02-16-2012
20120305481BATCH FILTRATION SYSTEM FOR PREPARATION OF STERILE FLUID FOR RENAL REPLACEMENT THERAPY - A first connector of a connector assembly of a sterile batch container can be unsealed. The connector assembly can be attached to a filling port of the sterile batch container and can have a sterile filter arranged between the filling port and the first connector. The first connector can be coupled so as to receive produced purified water. A transmembrane pressure can be monitored across the sterile filter while flowing the purified water through the connector assembly into the sterile batch container so as to provide a sterile fluid stored therein. The connector assembly can be detached from the filling port of the sterile batch container. After the detaching, the sterile batch container can be coupled to the blood treatment system. In response to a change in the transmembrane pressure exceeding a predefined level, an alarm signal can be generated.12-06-2012
20120043279SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PRIMING SORBENT-BASED HEMODIALYSIS - A method for priming a hemodialysis treatment includes (i) providing a sorbent cartridge for cleaning spent dialysate fluid returning from a dialyzer: (ii) preparing a batch of dialysate in a quantity commensurate with being recycled through the sorbent cartridge multiple times; (iii) priming a dialysate circuit in fluid communication with the dialyzer using the batch of dialysate; and (iv) reversing a blood pump at least one time to prime a blood circuit in fluid communication with the dialyzer using a biologically safe fluid other than dialysate.02-23-2012
20110089109Method for treatment of sludge - Method for treatment of sludge, which includes precipitated aluminium and/or iron hydroxide, whereby the sludge first is added acid and thereafter is subjected to at least one membrane filtration process, whereby a permeate or a concentrate is obtained, including trivalent aluminium and/or iron ions in solution. The aluminium and/or iron ions in the permeate, or concentrate, are crystallised (salting out) in a precipitation.04-21-2011
20110155665Method and System for High Recovery Water Desalting - A method of desalting an aqueous solution includes performing a demineralization process on a concentrate solution to produce a demineralized solution and performing a desalting process. A method of recovering an aqueous solution includes performing a first membrane based separation process on a feed stream to produce a permeate stream and a concentrate stream, performing a demineralization process on the concentrate stream to produce a solid phase and a liquid phase, separating the solid phase from the liquid phase, and performing a second membrane based separation process on the liquid phase. The demineralization process includes adding chemical additives to induce calcium carbonate precipitation and subsequently adding gypsum seeds to the concentrate stream.06-30-2011
20110155664METHOD FOR THE REMOVING AND REDUCING SCALING - The invention relates to improved elimination of scale in processing systems. The method removes existing scale while also eliminating buildup. The invention relates to phosphate and sulfate scale. The invention further allows for improved anti-scaling without the need to make any pH adjustments. The method provides all factor listed while in no way compromises the integrity of membranes that may be used in the system.06-30-2011
20120055875METHOD TO TREAT PRODUCED WATERS FROM THERMALLY INDUCED HEAVY CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION (TAR SANDS) - A method for treating oil field produced wastewater containing high organics, silica, boron, hardness, and suspended and dissolved solids by applying three membrane types in series is provided. First, Ultrafiltration (UF) is applied to remove oil and suspended solids. Second, Nanofiltration (NF) is used to reject hardness, soluble iron and organics. Subsequently, the NF permeate is treated by a double pass Reverse Osmosis (RO) process. The first-pass is applied at a high temperature of about 180° F. and low pH to remove the majority of the salts and silica. Then the feed is chilled, stripped of carbon dioxide and finally pH adjusted to 10 to maximize boron removal.03-08-2012
20120055874METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTACTING TWO IMMISCIBLE LIQUIDS WITHOUT MIXING THEM - Method of contacting a first and a second immiscible liquids without mixing them, including: (a) the first liquid is placed in at least one container comprising a wall made of a solid material that is non reactive with the first and second liquids, said wall having one or more through-holes and the first liquid being non wetting vis à vis said solid material of the wall; (b) said first container is immersed in a volume of the second liquid so that the first liquid is in contact with the second liquid at the level of said through-holes; (c) the first liquid is left in contact with the second liquid for a time sufficient for mass exchange, transfer, to take place between the first and second liquids; and (d) said first container is withdrawn from the volume of the second liquid.03-08-2012
20120152838METHOD FOR SEWAGE AND INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT - A process for wastewater treatment, comprising aerating and mixing wastewater containing organic and/or inorganic pollutants and bentonite clay in a vessel at a first temperature and for a time sufficient to reduce the concentration of said pollutants, raising the temperature of said mixture to at least 100° C. to evaporate water vapor, passing said water vapor through a fritted membrane and into a condenser, and collecting condensed water.06-21-2012
20120305482REMOVAL OF VIRULENCE FACTORS THROUGH EXTRACORPOREAL THERAPY - A method to remove virulence factors from infected blood by passing the blood through a surface cartridge with immobilized carbohydrates, such as heparin, wherein the virulence factors are toxins released from pathogens such as 12-06-2012
20120312746PROCESS FOR REDUCING PERCHLORATE IN WATER - A method or process for removing perchlorate ions from water includes mixing water containing perchlorate ions with a reducing agent such that the perchlorate ions and the reducing agent undergo an oxidation-reduction reaction. During the oxidation-reduction reaction, perchlorate ions are reduced to chloride ions and the reducing agent is oxidized. The oxidized reducing agent is separated from the water containing chloride ions and the oxidized reducing agent is regenerated and reused in the reduction of the perchlorate ions.12-13-2012
20100096328METHOD OF TESTING INTEGRITY OF MICROPOROUS MEMBRANE - [Problem] An object of the present invention is to provide a method of testing the integrity of a microporous membrane using a colloid solution containing metal particles or metal compound particles that can accurately determine the integrity of a virus removal membrane formed of hydrophilized synthetic polymer that has been subjected to protein solution filtration, and to provide a method of producing the colloid solution.04-22-2010
20120118822REDUCING EMISSIONS OF VOCS FROM LOW-PRESSURE STORAGE TANKS - An apparatus and method for reducing or controlling VOC emissions from a low-pressure storage tank for a VOC-containing substance stored or transported as a liquid in the storage tank are provided. The apparatus and method include a filter media operatively positioned between a headspace in the storage tank and the atmosphere, wherein: (i) a gaseous substance from a headspace in the storage tank passes through the filter media to be vented to the atmosphere; (ii) the filter media comprises a permeable substrate and a liquid stripper for a VOC, wherein the liquid stripper coats the permeable substrate; (iii) the filter media provides a gaseous back pressure across the filter media to the atmosphere of less than 1 psig; and (iv) a liquid condensate from the filter media can drip or flow under gravity back into the storage tank.05-17-2012
20100206809METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TREATING ORGANIC MATTER-CONTAINING WATER - There are provided a method and an apparatus for treating organic matter-containing water, the method and apparatus being capable of inhibiting the multiplication of microorganisms in an activated carbon column and a reverse osmosis membrane separator and performing stable treatment over long periods of time in a process including active carbon treatment and subsequent RO membrane separation treatment with an ultrapure water production system for use in electronic device manufacturing plants. The method for treating organic matter-containing water includes an oxidizer addition step of adding an oxidizer to organic matter-containing water, an activated carbon treatment step of treating the organic matter-containing water that has been subjected to the oxidizer addition step with activated carbon, and a reverse osmosis membrane separation step of feeding the organic matter-containing water that has been subjected to the activated carbon treatment step into a reverse osmosis separation means, in which a combined-chlorine-based oxidizer is used as the oxidizer.08-19-2010
20110180478FILTRATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS RELATED THERETO USING CARBON NANOTUBE-INFUSED FIBER MATERIALS OF SPOOLABLE LENGTH AS A MOVING FILTRATION MEDIUM - Filtration systems containing a filtration medium and methods related thereto are described herein. The filtration system includes a plurality of fibers of spoolable length, where the fibers are a carbon nanotube-infused fiber material. The filtration systems can be operated with reel-to-reel processing or in a continuous manner in order to sorb hydrophobic materials from a liquid medium. The filtration systems also include various means to remove the hydrophobic materials from the filtration medium, including press rollers and chemical extraction baths. Illustrative liquid media that can be treated with the filtration systems include, for example, hydrophobic materials admixed in an aqueous phase, bilayers (e.g., oil-water bilayers), oil in a subterranean formation, water sources containing trace organic pollutants or trace organic compounds, and fermentation broths.07-28-2011
20110180477LOW ENERGY SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DESALINATING SEAWATER - A low energy system and process for seawater desalination wherein the system has at least an electrodialysis apparatus that produces partially desalinated water and a brine by-product, an ion exchange softener, and at least one electrodeionization apparatus. The softener treats the partially desalinated water stream to remove or reduce the amount of scaling material in order to maintain deionization apparatus efficiency and reduce energy consumption. The softener has the capability of removing a higher ratio of calcium ions to magnesium ions than is in the partially desalinated stream, thereby reducing softener size and energy use. The deionization apparatus produces product water of the desired properties. The brine stream may be used to regenerate the softener.07-28-2011
20120160770Process for Reducing the Sulfate Concentration in a Wastewater Stream - A method of reducing a sulfate concentration in wastewater comprises directing the wastewater stream to a precipitation reactor and mixing the wastewater stream with a calcium source and a calcium salt seed material to precipitate calcium sulfate. The precipitated calcium sulfate is then separated from a treated effluent and directed to a settling tank where the precipitated calcium sulfate is separated into heavier calcium sulfate precipitants and lighter calcium sulfate precipitants. The heavier calcium sulfate precipitants and the lighter calcium sulfate precipitants are separately recirculated to the precipitation reactor. A predetermined mass ratio of solids is maintained in the precipitation reactor.06-28-2012
20120211420DESALINATION APPARATUS AND DESALINATION METHOD - A desalination apparatus includes a pretreatment device 08-23-2012
20120211419RESIN FOR PRECIPITATION OF MINERALS AND SALTS, METHODS OF MANUFACTURE AND USES THEREOF - A method of producing a scale-control resin including combining in an aqueous solution a cation-exchange resin and a weak-acid anion mineral or salt having a multivalent cation to allow ion exchange between the resin and the multivalent cation. The cation-exchange resin may a weak-acid ion exchange resin. The method may further include adding a strong-acid salt having the same multivalent cation as the weak-acid anion mineral or salt to the aqueous solution.08-23-2012
20100051548System and Method for Solvent Extraction - A settling system for use in solvent extraction separation of a first phase from a second phase after mixing, the second phase having a greater chemical affinity for a component dissolved or dispersed in the first phase for extracting the component from the first phase. The settling system includes a pre-settler of a plurality of channels arranged for flow of the first and second phases generally counter-currently with respect to each other for initial separation of the first and second phases. The settling system also includes a main settler for further separating the first and second phases.03-04-2010
20100051547IMPREGNATED EXPANDED POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE (ePTFE) TUBING AS A STATIONARY PHASE - A solid-phase extraction device utilizing a section of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) tubing as the stationary phase is disclosed. The microscopic pores of ePTFE tubing are impregnated with a binding agent having an affinity for a target constituent within a matrix. The matrix is prepared and loaded onto the stationary phase of the system. The target constituent is retained by the stationary phase. The constituent is stripped from the stationary phase with a stripping solution, and collected for further analysis or use.03-04-2010
20120312747METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECYCLING AND TREATING WASTES OF SILICON WAFER CUTTING AND POLISHING PROCESSES - A method is provided for recycling and treating the wastes of silicon wafer cutting and polishing processes. To begin with, a dewatered filter cake is mixed with water so that the filter cake is diluted to form a working fluid. The water reacts with silicon in the filter cake to produce silicon dioxide and hydrogen. After the hydrogen is extracted for storage, specific gravity separation takes place via water so that silicon carbide and silicon particles are separated for sorting. Then, solid-liquid separation is performed on the remaining working fluid to separate silicon dioxide (solid) from water and PEG (liquid), before PEG is separated from water. Thus, the useful silicon particles, silicon carbide, silicon dioxide, and PEG are recycled from the filter cake to reduce the total amount of wastes. Moreover, as the side product, hydrogen, is of high commercial value, the method also adds value to recycling.12-13-2012
20100270238METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING INORGANIC OXIDE NANOPARTICLES FROM AQUEOUS PHASE TO ORGANIC PHASE - A method for transferring inorganic oxide nanoparticles from aqueous phase to organic phase. A modifier is used to change the surface polarity of inorganic oxide nanoparticles, followed by using proper solvents to transfer the modified inorganic oxide nanoparticles form aqueous phase to organic phase. The organic dispersion of modified inorganic oxide nanoparticles can be combined with a polymer to provide a polymer composite with the nanoparticles uniformly dispersed therein.10-28-2010
20100012587METHOD FOR TREATING A FLUID USING A SELF-ORGANIZED NETWORK ADSORBED ON A SURFACE - The invention concerns a method for treating a fluid. According to the invention, the fluid is contacted with a substrate at the surface of which there is a network of organic molecules, hereafter referred to as “network molecules”, having a central corre and at least one lateral arm, said molecules being adsorbed at the surface of the substrate. The invention also concerns a two-dimensional molecular sieve consisting of substrate at the surface of which a network of network molecules is adsorbed. The invention further concerns a module for treating a fluid comprising means for circulating the fluid to be treated and containing one or more two-dimensional molecule sieves.01-21-2010
20120255904Method of Recovering Oil or Gas and Treating the Resulting Produced Water - A method or process for treating wastewater containing high organics, silica, boron, hardness, and suspended and dissolved solids. The method includes degasifying the wastewater for the removal of dissolved gases and thereafter chemically softening the wastewater. After the chemical softening step, the wastewater is directed through a media filter or membrane which removes additional solids and precipitants. Thereafter the wastewater is directed through a sodium ion exchange that further softens the wastewater. The effluent from the ion exchange is directed through a cartridge filter and the effluent from the cartridge filter is directed through one or more reverse osmosis units. At a selected phase of the process, prior to the wastewater reaching the reverse osmosis unit or units, the pH of the wastewater is raised and maintained such that the pH of the wastewater reaching a reverse osmosis unit is at a pH greater than 10.5.10-11-2012
20080290029Method for Removing Organic Matter from Water and a Device for Carrying Out Said Method - A system and method is provided for removing organic matter from water. The method includes contacting the water with a powdered material with an anionic or cationic surface charge and having a particle size of between 0.1 mm and 2 mm. The powdered material is a modified product of natural origin. The system and method also provides for the regeneration of the powdered material in situ and reused.11-27-2008
20110120947HYDROPHOBIC CELLULOSE MEMBRANE, METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF, AND USE OF SAME IN HYDROPHOBIC INTERACTION CHROMATOGRAPHY - There is provided a crosslinked cellulose hydrate membrane having a porous double structure which consists of micropores having a diameter in the range from >100 nm to 20 μm and ultrapores which have a diameter of <100 nm and which are not accessible to Blue Dextran having an average molecular weight Mw of 2 000 000, wherein the fraction of the volume of the ultrapores is more than 15% of the entire pore volume accessible to water, and wherein hydrophobic ligands, selected from C05-26-2011
20100326911DIALYSIS SYSTEM - A dialysate fluid circulation apparatus includes a dialyzer, a first housing and a second housing. The first housing contains material capable of releasing sodium into dialysate fluid flowing through the first housing. The second housing contains material capable of binding sodium ions from dialysate fluid flowing through the second housing. Hydraulic conduit sections are configured to extend between the dialyzer, the first housing, and the second housing to connect the dialyzer with the housings in a primary flow path for dialysate fluid to flow from the dialyzer to the first housing, from the first housing to the second housing, and from the second housing back to the dialyzer.12-30-2010
20120267307OSMOTIC SEPARATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Separation processes using osmotically driven membrane systems are disclosed generally involving the extraction of solvent from a first solution to concentrate solute by using a second concentrated solution to draw the solvent from the first solution across a semi-permeable membrane. Enhanced efficiency may result from using low grade waste heat from industrial or commercial sources. Pre-treatment and post-treatment may also enhance the osmotically driven membrane processes.10-25-2012
20090261039 METHOD OF TREATING WATER EFFLUENT FROM PURGING OR CLEANING STEAM GENERATOR CIRCUITS, AND A MOBILE UNIT ENABLING THE METHOD TO BE IMPLEMENTED - The invention relates to a method of treating water effluent from purging or cleaning steam generator circuits.10-22-2009
20090242483ELEMENT REMOVAL PROCESS AND APPARATUS - A process and apparatus for removing elements is described herein.10-01-2009
20120080376USE OF DESALINATION BRINE FOR ION EXCHANGE REGENERATION - One embodiment provides a method of regenerating an ion exchange medium, the method comprising: (i) providing an ion exchange medium comprising at least one first multivalent cation; (ii) providing an effluent comprising at least one monovalent cation and optionally at least one second multivalent cation, wherein the effluent comprises a desalination brine, and wherein, if the second multivalent cation is present, the monovalent cation and the second multivalent cation in the effluent are present at a ratio of at least about 200; and (iii) contacting the ion exchange medium with the effluent to promote an interaction between the second cation and the ion exchange medium, whereby the ion exchange medium is regenerated.04-05-2012
20120325743SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR TREATMENT OF SOLUTIONS - A treatment system is provided and comprises a precipitation unit and a recovery unit. The precipitation unit is configured to treat a solution using one or more miscible organic solvents to produce a mixture of precipitate solids and a liquid. The recovery unit is in fluid communication with the precipitation unit and configured to facilitate separating the liquid at least into an organic phase liquid and an aqueous phase liquid comprising a portion of the one or more miscible organic solvents. The treatment system further comprises a purification unit comprising one or more membrane devices in fluid communication with the recovery unit and configured to separate at least a portion of the one or more miscible organic solvents in the aqueous phase liquid from the aqueous phase liquid. A treatment system and a treatment process are also presented.12-27-2012
20120325744MONITORING AND CONTROL OF UNIT OPERATIONS FOR GENERATING STEAM FROM PRODUCED WATER - In a process and apparatus for treating produced water, for example for re-use in an oil or bitumen extraction operation of for treating frac water, the produced water flows through a series of treatment units. A portion of the produced water may by-pass one or more of the treatment units but the by-pass portion may be such that the treated water is still acceptable, for example for discharge or reuse. Concentrations of oil and grease, organic carbon, silica, pH or related parameters in the produced water may be monitored and used to control the process or apparatus. Control of the process may involve one or more of altering a by-pass portion, altering the addition of chemicals, and altering the operation of a unit process. The process may be controlled to respond to upset conditions, or such that the concentration of one or more limiting contaminants is near, but not over, a specified maximum for re-use or discharge.12-27-2012
20120138531PURIFYING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ELIMINATION OF XENOBIOTICS IN WATER - A purifying device adapted to perform a method of photochemical elimination of xenobiotics present in water. The purifying device comprises a photochemical reactor unit having at least one inlet for contaminated water and one outlet for purified water, it provides a flow path for continuously flowing water from said inlet to said outlet, and is equipped with a radiation source module providing ultraviolet radiation in a wavelength range ranging from 100 to 280 nm. The purifying device further comprises at least one membrane filtration unit designed to perform ultra filtration and connected upstream of said photochemical reactor unit via said inlet and at least one device for supplying air or dioxygen to the water comprised in the photochemical reactor unit. Further, a purification method is provided, using the device of the invention.06-07-2012
20120138530METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMOVING ARSENIC FROM A SOLUTION - A method and apparatus for separating arsenic from an aqueous solution containing arsenic. The method includes the steps of contacting an arsenic-containing solution with a first portion of fixing agent to remove at least a portion of the arsenic. An arsenic-laden fixing agent is separated from the solution and the partially depleted solution is contacted with a second portion of fixing agent. The fixing agent can include a high surface area insoluble compound containing one or more of cerium, lanthanum, or praseodymium. Following removal of the arsenic, the arsenic-depleted solution can be further processed to separate a recoverable metal through metal refining. The arsenic-laden fixing agent can be filtered to recover and recycle a filtrate to the solution for additional treatment, as well as using a partially saturated fixing agent to remove arsenic from fresh solution. An arsenic-containing solution can be formed from arsenic-containing solids such as contaminated soils, industrial byproducts and waste materials.06-07-2012
20120138529METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING A METAL AND SEPARATING ARSENIC FROM AN ARSENIC CONTAINING SOLUTION - A method and apparatus for recovering a metal and separating arsenic from an arsenic-containing solution. The method includes contacting the arsenic-containing solution with a fixing agent that comprises a rare earth compound to produce an arsenic-depleted solution and an arsenic-laden fixing agent. The fixing agent comprises a rare earth-containing compound that can include cerium, lanthanum, or praseodymium. The fixing agent is separated from the arsenic-depleted solution and a recoverable metal is separated from one or more of the arsenic-containing solution and the arsenic-depleted solution. Recoverable metals can include metal from Group IA, Group IIA, Group VIII and the transition metals. The arsenic-containing solution can be formed by contacting an arsenic-containing material with a leaching agent. Arsenic-depleted solids formed during the leach can also be separated and recovered. An apparatus of the invention can include two or more arsenic fixing units configured to conduct the method on a continuous basis.06-07-2012
20120138528METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMOVING ARSENIC FROM AN ARSENIC BEARING MATERIAL - A method and apparatus for removing arsenic from an arsenic-bearing material. The method includes the steps of contracting an arsenic-bearing material with an arsenic leaching agent to form an arsenic-containing solution and arsenic-depleted solids. The leaching agent can be an inorganic salt, an inorganic acid, an organic acid, and/or an alkaline agent. The arsenic-depleted solids are separated from the arsenic-containing solution, which is contacted with a fixing agent to produce an arsenic-depleted solution and an arsenic-laden fixing agent. The fixing agent comprises a rare earth-containing compound that can include cerium, lanthanum, or praseodymium. The fixing agent is then separated from the arsenic-depleted solution. A recoverable metal in the arsenic-depleted solids, arsenic-containing solution or arsenic-depleted solution can be separated and recovered. Recoverable metals can include metal from Group IA, Group IIA, Group VIII and the transition metals.06-07-2012
20130015132WATER PURIFICATION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR USING PRESSURE FILTER AND PORE CONTROL FIBER FILTER - The present invention provides a water purification apparatus and method using a pressurized micro-filter preprocessed with a coagulation inclined-plate sedimentation reservoir and a pore-control fiber filter for improvement of a recovery rate, which removes the dissolved organic materials and the turbidity of raw water through a preprocess by a flash mixer, a two-stage coagulation reservoir and an inclined-plate sedimentation reservoir, thereby making it possible to reduce the use of coagulants, the generation of sludge by-products, the inflow load of membranes, and the facility size in comparison with the conventional standard water purification processes.01-17-2013
20120241377WATER TREATMENT METHOD AND WATER TREATMENT FLOCCULANT - There is provided a water treatment method using a water treatment flocculant that suffers from minimal secondary contamination with flocculation residues and contains an alkaline solution of a phenolic resin. A water treatment method involving the addition of a flocculant to water to be treated and subsequent membrane separation treatment. The flocculant contains an alkaline solution of a phenolic resin having a melting point in the range of 130° C. to 220° C. The water treatment flocculant is produced by a resole-type second-order reaction in the presence of an alkaline catalyst in which an aldehyde is added to an alkali solution of a novolak phenolic resin. The novolak phenolic resin is produced by a reaction between a phenol and an aldehyde in the presence of an acid catalyst.09-27-2012
20100282677WATER SOFTENER SYSTEM USING NANOFILTRATION TO RECLAIM A PORTION OF THE REGENERATING SODIUM CHLORIDE - A water softening system includes apparatus and process that recycles a substantial percentage of the brine. This system conventionally includes a brine tank and a softening tank through which hard water from a source passes during normal operation. During the regeneration cycle, the brine solution in the brine tank passes through the softening tank acquiring hardness ions, and then through a nanofilter that passes a much higher proportion of the brine ions than the hardness ions. The hardness ions flow from the upstream end of the nanofilter into a drain. The liquid passing through the nanofilter contains salt that returns to the brine tank for reuse. A preferred embodiment includes a pump to force the brine solution through the nanofilter and a throttling valve connecting the upstream side of the nanofilter to a drain, and through which the hardness ions flow.11-11-2010
20100314319HALOGENATED AMIDES AS BIOCIDES FOR BIOFILM CONTROL - Methods are provided for controlling sessile microorganisms and removing biofilm from an aqueous or moisture-containing system. The methods comprise treating the system with an effective amount of a compound of the formula I:12-16-2010
20100314318HALOGENATED AMIDE BIOCIDAL COMPOUNDS AND METHODS FOR TREATING WATER SYSTEMS AT NEAR NEUTRAL TO HIGH PH - Compounds and methods are provided for controlling microorganisms in water systems having a pH of 5 or greater. The compounds are of the formula I:12-16-2010
20130180918Water Filtration Device for the Production of Medical Grade Water for Injection - A water filtration device for the production of medical grade water for injection from a potable water source is provided including only the following two filter components: 1) a mixed ion bed resin filter and 2) a semi-permeable reverse osmosis membrane filter. This device provides a low cost, onsite method of purifying potable water into medical grade water for injection satisfying United States Pharmacopeia Water For Injection (USP WFI) standards.07-18-2013
20110303606CO-PRODUCING APPARATUS FOR SALT AND FRESH WATER AND CO-PRODUCING METHOD OF THE SAME - An embodiment of the present invention includes: a recycle line that brings a part of salt-enriched membrane separation concentrated water 12-15-2011
20110309017METHODS AND DEVICES FOR ENHANCING CONTAMINANT REMOVAL BY RARE EARTHS - Embodiments are provided for removing a variety of contaminants using both rare earth and non-rare earth-containing treatment elements.12-22-2011
20130186825METHOD FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY REVERSE OSMOSIS OPERATION - A process for treatment of water. Hardness and non-hydroxide alkalinity are removed from feedwaters to an extent sufficient to avoid scaling when concentrated. Sparingly ionizable components in the feedwater are urged toward increased ionization by increasing the pH of the feedwater. In this manner, species such as silica become highly ionized, and (a) their rejection by membranes used in the process is significantly increased, and (b) their solubility in the reject stream from the membrane process is significantly increased. Sparingly ionized species such as boron, silica, and TOC are highly rejected. Recovery ratios of ninety percent (90%) or higher are achievable with many feedwaters, while simultaneously achieving a substantial reduction in cleaning frequency of membranes used in the process.07-25-2013
20120018375METHOD AND DEVICE FOR RECYCLING CLEANING OR RINSING WATER, IN PARTICULAR RINSER WATER - A method for recycling cleaning or rinsing water, in particular rinser water, as well as a corresponding device for carrying out the method, where, for reducing the amount of water, first filtering water with a reverse osmosis system, then providing the permeate with an additive acting in a sanitizing or disinfecting manner, to then use the permeate loaded with the additive as cleaning or rinsing water and at least join a portion of the used cleaning or rinsing water with the concentrate in a reverse osmosis system, and filtering the mixture then by means of the reverse osmosis system.01-26-2012
20130193074WATER TREATMENT PROCESS - A water treatment process for substantially removing one or more ionic species from a feed water includes an ion containing aqueous solution to produce a treated water product, the process including: (a) a sorption step, including contacting a solid sorbent with said feed water to produce a solution depleted in said one or more ionic species and a loaded sorbent; (b) a concentrating step, includes concentrating an inlet stream including the ionic species depleted solution to produce a concentrate rich in said one or more ionic species and said treated water product; and (c) a desorbing step, including contacting said loaded sorbent with an aqueous desorbant including said concentrate to thereby desorb at least some of said one or more ionic species from said loaded sorbent.08-01-2013
20120024785REACTION SYSTEMS WITH INCORPORATED CHROMATOGRAPHY UNITS FOR ENHANCED PRODUCT RECOVERY - Product yields in chemical reactions that produce a solid product from a liquid reaction mixture are improved by chromatographically separating certain key impurities from the product mixture prior to crystallization, or from the filtrate after crystallization in which case further product is crystallized from the filtrate. The removal of key impurities either before the first crystallization or between the first and second crystallizations facilitates the crystallization of product to produce a higher yield of product.02-02-2012
20120024784Fluid Gasification/Degasification Apparatuses, Systems, and Processes - Apparatuses, systems and processes for fluid gasification and degasification are disclosed. A fluid gasification/degasification apparatus includes housing having a central axis and at least one fluid inlet and at least one fluid outlet positioned at different axial locations along the housing. A membrane unit that includes a plurality of bundled microporous hollow membrane strands is disposed within the housing and extends in parallel to the central axis of the housing. The fluid gasification/degasification apparatus further includes one or more gas addition/removal apparatuses for facilitating at least one of: a gas addition operation and a gas removal operation. An orientation of the fluid inlet(s) and fluid outlet(s) results in a substantial portion of a carrier fluid introduced to the housing traveling in parallel along exterior surfaces of the membrane unit thereby allowing for an extended interface time between the carrier fluid and micro-bubbles of a gas supplied to the membrane unit.02-02-2012
20130206689Brine treatment scaling control system and method - The present invention may be used in systems and methods for brine treatment scaling control in a water treatment system. A concentrated brine stream influent may be treated in an electrodialysis-reversal process to produce a concentrated brine stream effluent and a lower salinity diluent water, which may be potable water effluent. The concentrated brine stream effluent may be processed in a brine treatment scaling control system that may have a mixing vessel and a membrane filter with the mixing vessel seeded with calcium sulfate. A lowered salinity brine stream effluent may be produced for return to the electrodialysis-reversal process to allow operation at greater overall recovery and an elevated concentrated brine stream may be produced.08-15-2013
20130206690Water Treatment Via Ultrafiltration - Apparatus for purification of oil contaminated water, particularly of reservoir water from oil production, comprising a depression for receiving the contaminated water, wherein a first partial separation of oil particles and water is carried out within the depression, so that, on the one hand, the oil and, on the other hand, the water reduced in oil content are drained off from the depression, wherein the oil content-reduced water is guided from the depression to an ultrafiltration device, wherein a precipitant is added to the oil content-reduced water before introducing the oil content-reduced water into the ultrafiltration device, and wherein the oil content-reduced water in the ultrafiltration device is separated into a clearwater phase and an oil-enriched phase using a membrane made of polymers, and wherein the oil-enriched phase is guided back to the depression, and the clarification water phase is drained off.08-15-2013
20130206691BLOOD PURIFICATION DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR - A blood purification device includes: a blood circuit including a blood removal-side circuit that carries blood taken from a subject to a plasma separator, and a blood reinfusion-side circuit that returns the blood passing through the plasma separator to the subject; a circulating circuit that connects the blood reinfusion-side circuit to the blood removal-side circuit; a plasma circuit that carries plasma components separated by the plasma separator; and a control unit that controls blood flow so that a portion of the blood flowing in the blood reinfusion-side circuit is circulated to the circulating circuit to be flown to the blood removal-side circuit when the blood in the blood circuit is being pumped and a portion of the plasma components separated by the plasma separator is being pumped to the plasma circuit.08-15-2013
20130206692Tanning wastewater treatment and recycling method based on nano-catalytic electrolysis technology and membrane technology - A tanning wastewater treatment and recycling method based on nano-catalytic electrolysis technology and membrane technology relates to a tanning wastewater treatment. The tanning wastewater treatment and recycling method based on the nano-catalytic electrolysis technology and the membrane technology and a device thereof has a high COD removal rate, a low chemicals consumption, few sludges, thorough treatment, and a high reuse rate of water. The tanning wastewater treatment and recycling device based on the nano-catalytic electrolysis technology and the membrane technology includes: a coarse grid filtering machine, a regulating pool, a hydraulic sieve, a nano-catalytic electrolytic machine, a reaction pool, a sedimentation pool, an air flotation device, a biochemical pool, a secondary sedimentation pool, a secondary nano-catalytic electrolytic machine, a filter and a membrane system. The method includes: nano-catalytic electrolysis, flocculation, biochemical treatment, secondary catalytic electrolysis, filtration, and membrane filtration.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class Including ion exchange or other chemical reaction