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With hydrogen

Subclass of:

208 - Mineral oils: processes and products

208177000 - REFINING

208208000 - Sulfur removal (free or combined sulfur)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
208209000 With hydrogen 89
20090071875CATALYST FOR HYDRODESULFURIZATION/DEWAXING OF HYDROCARBON OIL, PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF HYDROTREATING HYDROCARBON OIL WITH THE CATALYST - An object of the present invention is to provide a catalyst for hydrodesulfurization/dewaxing of a hydrocarbon oil, with which sulfur compounds in the hydrocarbon oil can be desulfurized to a high degree and which simultaneously is extremely effective in reducing the wax deposit content; a process for producing the catalyst; and a method of hydrotreatment with the catalyst.03-19-2009
20090159501Electrodesulfurization of heavy oils using a divided electrochemical cell - The electrodesulfurization of heavy oil feedstreams is accomplished wherein a heavy oil feedstreams, along with hydrogen, is passed the cathode side of an electrochemical cell wherein the organically bound sulfur compounds in the heavy oil are reduced and the sulfur is released as hydrogen sulfide. The hydrogen sulfide can be fed directly into the anode side of the electrochemical cell to produce sulfur and hydrogen or it can be passed to an oxidation zone containing an aqueous solution of an oxidized metal salt.06-25-2009
20090159500Electrodesulfurization of heavy oils - The electrodesulfurization of heavy oils wherein a feedstream comprised of bitumen or heavy oil is conducted, along with an effective amount of hydrogen, to an electrochemical cell. A current is applied to the cell wherein sulfur from the feedstream combines with hydrogen to form hydrogen sulfide which is removed.06-25-2009
20110278201Stacked Bed Hydrotreating Reactor System - Methods and systems for diesel formation are described herein. The diesel hydrotreating systems generally include a hydrodesulfurization unit having a catalyst system disposed therein and adapted to contact an input stream with the catalyst system therein to form diesel. The catalyst system generally includes a plurality of catalysts including a first catalyst including a hydrodesulfurization catalyst having a first pore diameter and a second catalyst having a second pore diameter, wherein the second pore diameter is larger than the first pore diameter.11-17-2011
20090223863COIL PIPING SYSTEM FOR REACTOR VESSEL - A reactor vessel system includes a reactor vessel including a first port in fluid communication with an interior of the reactor vessel and an outlet port connected in fluid communication with the interior of the reactor vessel. A base supports the reactor vessel. A first coil of tubing is connected in fluid communication with the first port and disposed around a perimeter of the reactor vessel. A method of operating a reactor vessel system includes providing a reactor vessel including a first port in fluid communication with an interior of the reactor vessel and an outlet port connected in fluid communication with the interior of the reactor vessel, providing a first coil of tubing connected in fluid communication with the first port and disposed around a perimeter of the reactor vessel, and flowing steam through the first coil and into the reactor vessel.09-10-2009
20080308461Method for On-Line Removal of Corrosive Components of Transformer Oil - A method for removal of corrosive compounds from insulating oil. The insulating oil is exposed to at least one reducing agent.12-18-2008
20090321320Selective Catalysts Having High Temperature Alumina Supports For Naphtha Hydrodesulfurization - This invention relates to a catalyst and method for hydrodesulfurizing naphtha. More particularly, a Co/Mo metal hydrogenation component is loaded on a high temperature alumina support in the presence of a dispersion aid to produce a catalyst that is then used for hydrodesulrurizing naphtha. The high temperature alumina support has a defined surface area that minimizes olefin saturation.12-31-2009
20100018903DESULPHURIZATION OF HYDROCARBON FEEDS USING ELECTROLYTIC HYDROGEN - An apparatus for removing sulfur from a hydrocarbon feed includes a cell having two compartments and a membrane separating the compartments, wherein one compartment is communicated with a hydrogen source and the other compartment is communicated with the hydrocarbon feed to be treated, wherein the membrane comprises a palladium membrane which is modified to have an additional amount of a mix of palladium and other metals (Ni, Ag, Co and Au) between about 4.62*1001-28-2010
20120145598PROCESS FOR HYDROTREATMENT OF PETROLEUM FRACTIONS INCLUDING A HEAT PUMP CIRCUIT - This invention describes a new process for hydrotreatment or hydrodesulfurization of petroleum fractions that is thermally coupled to a process for amine treatment that employs a heat pump circuit that is established between a hot source located on the hydrotreatment process and a cold source located on the amine treatment system. The major effect of the process according to the invention is a reduction of CO2 emissions.06-14-2012
20120000823Process for Producing Low-Sulfur Gas Oil Fraction, and Low-Sulfur Gas Oil - A process for producing a gas oil fraction by hydrodesulfurizing a feedstock oil prepared by blending a straight-run gas oil and a light cycle oil, wherein the process is capable of maintaining the activity of the desulfurization catalyst over a long period, and is capable of producing a low-sulfur gas oil fraction having a low sulfur content and excellent color index. The process for producing a low-sulfur gas oil fraction includes hydrodesulfurizing a feedstock oil to a sulfur content of not more than 10 ppm by mass, wherein the feedstock oil is prepared by blending a straight-run gas oil with a light cycle oil having a 10 volume % distillation temperature of less than 220° C. and a 90 volume % distillation temperature of less than 325° C., such that the blend proportion of the light cycle oil is not more than 30% by volume. Further, a low-sulfur gas oil is obtained by blending the low-sulfur gas oil fraction with a kerosene fraction.01-05-2012
20090120841Methods of denitrogenating diesel fuel - A process for denitrogenating diesel fuel includes contacting diesel fuel containing one or more nitrogen compounds with an acid ionic liquid in an extraction zone to selectively remove the nitrogen compound(s) and produce a denitrogenated diesel fuel effluent containing denitrogenated diesel fuel and acid ionic liquid containing nitrogen species; and separating denitrogenated diesel fuel from the denitrogenated diesel fuel effluent.05-14-2009
20110180457SELECTIVE DESULFURIZATION OF NAPHTHA USING REACTION INHIBITORS - A reaction inhibitor can be used to reduce catalyst activity at the beginning of a naphtha selective hydrodesulfurization process. The use of the reaction inhibitor can allow greater flexibility in selecting the reaction conditions to accommodate both the start and end of the hydrodesulfurization process. The reaction inhibitor can be removed during the hydrodesulfurization process, possibly in conjunction with modification of the reaction temperature, in order to maintain a substantially constant amount of sulfur in the naphtha product.07-28-2011
20090000989SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR HYDRODESULFURIZATION, HYDRODENITROGENATION, OR HYDROFINISHING - A method for hydrodesulfurization by forming a dispersion comprising hydrogen-containing gas bubbles with a mean diameter of less than 1 micron dispersed in a liquid phase comprising sulfur-containing compounds. Desulfurizing a liquid stream comprising sulfur-containing compounds by subjecting a fluid mixture comprising hydrogen-containing gas and the liquid to a shear rate greater than 20,000 s01-01-2009
208210000 Plural stage treatments with hydrogen 14
20090065396Hydrodesulfurization Process - In one aspect, a hydrodesulfurization process is provided that selectively desulfurizes a hydrocarbon stream with minimal olefin saturation and minimal recombination of sulfur into mercaptans. In another aspect, the process includes a multi-stage reaction zone including at least first and second serial hydrodesulfurization reaction zones that sequentially remove sulfur from a hydrocarbon stream. In yet another aspect, the process is particularly suited to selectively desulfurize an olefinic naphtha hydrocarbon stream, such as FCC naphtha, steam cracked naphtha, coker naphtha, or other gasoline boiling hydrocarbon streams.03-12-2009
20080277317Two Stage Hydrotreating of Distillates with Improved Hydrogen Management - An improved hydrotreating process for removing sulfur from distillate boiling range feedstreams. This improved process utilizes a two stage hydrotreating process scheme, each stage associated with an acid gas removal zone wherein one of the stages utilizes a rapid cycle pressure swing adsorption zone to increase the concentration of hydrogen in the process.11-13-2008
20110024330Composition and Process for the Removal of Sulfur from Middle Distillate Fuels - A composition and process for removing sulfur from middle distillate petroleum hydrocarbon fuels. The composition includes an alumina component and a carbon component. The composition is present in an amount effective to adsorb sulfur compounds from the fuel. The alumina component and the carbon component preferably collectively comprise a composite material. The composition can further include a sulfur component, preferably a metal sulfide or sulfur oxide. The composition can also further include at least one compound having a Group VI or Group VIII metal from the periodic table.02-03-2011
20100294698DEEP DESULFURIZATION PROCESS - Methods for producing a substantially desulfurized hydrocarbon fuel stream, using no substantial amount of hydrogen, at pressures less than 125 psig are described. The process uses two fixed beds in series to remove sulfur and/or other heteroatoms to produce a substantially desulfurized (less than 1 ppm sulfur) hydrocarbon fuel stream. The first fixed bed uses a transition metal catalyst dispersed on an inorganic oxide matrix and the second bed uses a high surface area, porous, amorphous inorganic oxide catalyst or a high surface area porous carbonaceous catalyst. The second fixed bed can additionally comprise one or more metals.11-25-2010
20110163010METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING HYDROGEN IN A PETROLEUM-BASED HYDROCARBON DESULFURIZATION PROCESS - Disclosed herein is a method and apparatus for recovering hydrogen in the process of desulfurizing petroleum hydrocarbon, in which hydrogen is recovered from the fuel fraction obtained by hydrodesulfurization, and the recovered hydrogen is reused, so that the existing hydrodesulfurization equipment for producing ultralow-sulfur diesel fuel can be utilized to the utmost and simultaneously the effluence of hydrogen from fuel fraction can be minimized, thereby reducing production costs.07-07-2011
20110163009HYDROPROCESSING OF HIGH NITROGEN FEED USING BULK CATALYST - Methods are provided for hydrotreating high nitrogen feeds with improved results for nitrogen removal, aromatic saturation, and/or sulfur removal. The method includes hydrotreating the feed with a supported hydrotreating catalyst followed by a bulk metal catalyst, the hydrotreated effluent of which can be suitable for use as a feed to an FCC reactor.07-07-2011
20100018904 Prerefining Process for the Hydrodesulfurization of Heavy Sour Crude Oils to Produce Sweeter Lighter Crudes Using Moving Catalyst System - A pre-refining catalytic hydrotreating process for the desulfurization, demetallization, and upgrading of heavy, sour crude oils operating at a moderate temperature and pressure through the utilization of moving catalyst bed technology.01-28-2010
20090188837PROCESS FOR DESULFURIZATION OF CRACKED NAPHTHA - A process for the desulfurization of a fluid catalytically cracked naphtha wherein the valuable olefins are retained and recombinant mercaptans are prevented from forming, resulting in a low sulfur naphtha. Embodiments disclosed herein may allow for more flexibility in varying the end point of the naphtha used in gasoline blending07-30-2009
20120043260PROCESS TO HYDRODESULFURIZE FCC GASOLINE RESULTING IN A LOW-MERCAPTAN PRODUCT - A process for reducing the sulfur content of a hydrocarbon stream, including: feeding hydrogen and a hydrocarbon stream including sulfur compounds to a catalytic distillation reactor having one or more hydrodesulfurization reaction zones; concurrently in the catalytic distillation reactor: fractionating the hydrocarbon stream into a heavy fraction and a light fraction; contacting hydrogen and the light fraction to form H02-23-2012
20120000824INTEGRATED GAS AND LIQUID PHASE PROCESSING OF BIOCOMPONENT FEEDSTOCKS - A mineral feed can be hydrotreated in a trickle-bed reactor or other stage in a continuous gas-phase environment. The effluent from the hydrotreatment stage can be separated to remove gas-phase impurities. The remaining liquid effluent from the hydrotreating stage can then be introduced, in total or in part, into a second stage/reactor. A feed of biocomponent origin can also be introduced into the second stage/reactor. The second stage/reactor can be operated to perform deoxygenation of the mixture of biocomponent feed and hydrotreated liquid effluent in a continuous liquid phase environment.01-05-2012
20120241360HYDROPROCESSING METHODS UTILIZING CARBON OXIDE-TOLERANT CATALYSTS - The invention includes a hydrotreating method for increased CO content comprising: contacting an olefinic naphtha feedstream with a hydrogen-containing treat gas stream and a hydrotreating catalyst in a reactor under hydrotreating conditions sufficient to at least partially hydrodesulfurize and/or hydrodenitrogenate the feedstream, wherein the feedstream and the hydrogen-containing treat gas stream collectively have greater than 10 vppm CO content and/or wherein the reactor inlet sees an average CO concentration of greater than 10 vppm, wherein the hydrotreating catalyst comprises a catalyst having cobalt and molybdenum disposed on a silica-based support, and wherein the hydrotreating conditions are selected such that the catalyst has a relative HDS activity at least 10% greater than an identical catalyst under identical conditions except for a collective CO content of the feedstream and/or hydrogen-containing treat gas being <10 vppm and/or a reactor inlet CO content <10 vppm.09-27-2012
20120273393SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR REMOVING ELEMENTAL SULFUR COMPOUNDS FROM DESULFURIZED FUELS - A system and process are disclosed for removing elemental sulfur compounds from hydro-desulfurization (HDS) treated hydrocarbon products including liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Low (sub-ppm) concentrations of sulfur remain in the hydrocarbons, providing, e.g., fuel products suitable for use in various modalities including, e.g., jet fuels and fuel cell Auxiliary Power Units (APUs).11-01-2012
20110303585PROCESS FOR AROMATIC HYDROGENATION AND CETANE VALUE INCREASE OF MIDDLE-DISTILLATE FEEDSTOCKS - The instant invention pertains to a process for treating a feed, for example a Light Cycle Oil (LCO), having a high content of S and/or N impurities and/or a high content of aromatics, comprising the following steps, in particular in such an order a step of desulphurisation (HDS) and denitrification (HDN) of a feed, in particular LCO, is passed in presence of hydrogen over a catalyst, containing metals of the group VI B and VIII, leading to an effluent, optionally a step of stripping of the effluent, at least a subsequent step for dearomatization (HDA) in which at least a portion of the effluent, optionally stripped, is passed in presence of hydrogen over a catalyst comprising a combination of platinum and palladium supported on a carrier comprising silica-alumina dispersed in an alumina binder wherein the amount of alumina binder is 5-50 wt. % based on the total weight of the silica-alumina and alumina binder present in the carrier and wherein the silica-alumina comprises 5-50 wt. % of alumina based on the weight of the silica-alumina, and recovering the final load obtained, the use of a specific catalyst and a process for preparing diesel comprising the step of mixing the final effluent obtained by a process of the invention.12-15-2011
20100155301HYDRODEMETALLIZATION AND HYDRODESULPHURIZATION CATALYSTS, AND USE IN A SINGLE FORMULATION IN A CONCATENATED PROCESS - The invention describes a catalyst comprising at least one metal from group VIB, at least two metals from group VIII termed the major promoter VIII-1 and co-promoters VIII-i, where i is in the range 2 to 5, and at least one support constituted by a porous refractory oxide, in which the elements from group VIII are present in proportions defined by the atomic ratio [VIII-1/(VIII-1+ . . . +VIII-i)], said ratio being in the range 0.5 to 0.85, as well as a process for the hydrotreatment of heavy hydrocarbon feeds, comprising at least one hydrodemetallization step and at least one hydrodesulphurization step, and employing a catalyst in accordance with the invention with an identical atomic ratio in each of the hydrodemetallization and hydrodesulphurization steps.06-24-2010
208211000 With preliminary treatment of feed 5
20090145807PROCESS TO PRODUCE LOW SULFUR CATALYTICALLY CRACKED GASOLINE WITHOUT SATURATION OF OLEFINIC COMPOUNDS - The invention relates to a process for the desulfurization of a gasoline fraction with high recovery of olefins and reduced loss of Research Octane Number (RON). A petroleum fraction is contacted with hydrogen and a commercially available hydrodesulfurization catalyst under mild conditions with to remove a first portion of the sulfur present, and is then contacted with an adsorbent for the removal of additional sulfur.06-11-2009
20090139901TWO-STEP PROCESS FOR DESULPHURIZING OLEFINIC GASOLINES COMPRISING ARSENIC - The invention concerns a fixed bed process for capturing arsenic and for desulphurizing a hydrocarbon fraction comprising olefins, sulphur and arsenic, said process comprising a step a) for bringing a capture mass into contact with said hydrocarbon fraction in the presence of hydrogen, the ratio between the flow rate of hydrogen and the flow rate of the hydrocarbon fraction being in the range 50 to 800 Nm06-04-2009
20090065397COMBINATION HOT SEPARATOR AND REACTOR VESSEL FOR SIMULTANIOUSLY DESULFURIZING TWO VAPOR STREAMS - A method and an apparatus for removing sulfur hydrocarbon compounds from naphtha stream as well as a method and an apparatus for simultaneously removing sulfur hydrocarbon compounds from two streams is shown and described. The method includes providing a separator vessel having a top, a bottom, a primary feed inlet in a co-feed inlet disposed vertically above the primary feed inlet. The separator vessel further includes a catalyst bed disposed between the co-feed inlet and the top. The top includes a vapor outlet and bottom includes a bottoms outlet The method includes delivering a primary feed stream comprising sulfur hydrocarbon compounds through the effluent inlet and delivering a vaporized co-feed stream that also comprises sulfur hydrocarbon compounds through the co-feed inlet. The method further includes vaporizing at least a portion of the sulfur hydrocarbon compounds in the primary feed stream and passing the vaporized sulfur hydrocarbon compounds from the primary feed stream with the vaporized co-feed stream, that also comprises sulfur hydrocarbon compounds, upward through the catalyst bed Sulfur hydrocarbon compounds from both primary feed and co-feed stream are at least partially converted to hydrogen sulfide and non-sulfur containing hydrocarbons in the catalyst bed. Then, the method includes removing the co-feed stream and vaporized portion of the primary feed, less at least some sulfur hydrocarbon compounds, through the vapor outlet and removing the primary feed stream through the bottoms outlet03-12-2009
20090101545Method for Desulfurising Olefin Motor Gasoline - The invention concerns a process for producing gasoline with a low sulphur content and a controlled olefins content, comprising a step for oligomerizing an olefinic feed (step i), a step ii) consisting of mixing the branched olefinic gasoline produced in step i) with a gasoline rich in sulphur and olefins, a step iii) for hydrodesulphurization of said mixture, and separating the H04-23-2009
20120138510PROCESS TO PRODUCE LOW SULFUR CATALYTICALLY CRACKED GASOLINE WITHOUT SATURATION OF OLEFINIC COMPOUNDS - The invention relates to a process for the desulfurization of a gasoline fraction with high recovery of olefins and reduced loss of Research Octane Number (RON). A petroleum fraction is contacted with hydrogen and a commercially available hydrodesulfurization catalyst under mild conditions with to remove a first portion of the sulfur present, and is then contacted with an adsorbent for the removal of additional sulfur.06-07-2012
208212000 With subsequent treatment of product 7
20090188838PROCESS TO HYDRODESULFURIZE FCC GASOLINE RESULTING IN A LOW-MERCAPTAN PRODUCT - A process for reducing the sulfur content of a hydrocarbon stream, including: feeding a hydrocarbon stream including sulfur compounds to a catalytic distillation reactor having one or more hydrodesulfurization reaction zones; feeding hydrogen to the catalytic distillation reactor; concurrently in the catalytic distillation reactor: fractionating the hydrocarbon stream into a heavy fraction and a light fraction; contacting hydrogen and the light fraction to form H07-30-2009
20110220550MILD HYDRODESULFURIZATION INTEGRATING TARGETED OXIDATIVE DESULFURIZATION TO PRODUCE DIESEL FUEL HAVING AN ULTRA-LOW LEVEL OF ORGANOSULFUR COMPOUNDS - Deep desulfurization of hydrocarbon feeds containing undesired organosulfur compounds to produce a hydrocarbon product having low levels of sulfur, i.e., 15 ppmw or less of sulfur, is achieved by first contacting the entire feed with a hydrodesulfurization catalyst in a hydrodesulfurization reaction zone operating under mild conditions to remove the labile organosulfur compounds. A flashing column downstream of the hydrodesulfurization reaction zone fractionates the effluent at a target cut point temperature to obtain two hydrocarbon fuel fractions. A first fraction boiling at or above the target cut point temperature contains the remaining refractory organosulfur compounds. A second fraction boiling below the target cut point temperature is substantially free of organosulfur compounds, since the organosulfur compounds boiling in the range of this fraction were the labile organosulfur compounds which were initially removed by mild hydrodesulfurization. The first fraction is contacted with an oxidizing agent and an active metal catalyst in an oxidation reaction zone to convert the refractory organosulfur compounds to oxidized organosulfur compounds. These oxidized organosulfur compounds are subsequently removed, producing a stream containing an ultra-low level of organosulfur compounds. The two streams can be combined to obtain a full range hydrocarbon product having an ultra-low level of organosulfur compounds.09-15-2011
20110226670PROCESS FOR REMOVING SULFUR FROM HYDROCARBON STREAMS USING HYDROTREATMENT, FRACTIONATION AND OXIDATION - Methods for removing sulfur from hydrocarbon streams using the sequential application of hydrodesulfurization, fractionation and oxidation. The hydrodesulfurization step is operative to remove easily-hydrogenated sulfur species, such as sulfides, disulfides and mercaptans. The resultant stream is then fractionated at a select temperature range to generate a sub-stream that is sulfur-rich with the sulfur species resistant to removal by hydrodesulfurization. The sub-stream is then isolated and subjected to an oxidative process operative to oxidize the sulfur species to sulfones or sulfoxides, which may then be removed by a variety of conventional methods, such as absorption. Alternatively, the methods may comprise using the sequential application of fractionation to generate a sulfur-rich sub-stream followed by oxidation and subsequent removal of the sulfur species present in the sub-fraction. The latter methods are ideally suited for transmix applications.09-22-2011
20100155302Purification of ultralow sulfur diesel fuel - The invention is a method of purifying an ultralow sulfur diesel fuel which contains polycyclic aromatic color bodies. The method comprises contacting the ULSD fuel in the liquid phase with a coal-based activated carbon adsorbent having a surface area ranging from 800 to 1500 m06-24-2010
20120145599INTEGRATED DESULFURIZATION AND DENITRIFICATION PROCESS INCLUDING MILD HYDROTREATING AND OXIDATION OF AROMATIC-RICH HYDROTREATED PRODUCTS - Reduction of sulfur-containing and nitrogen-containing compounds from hydrocarbon feeds is achieved by first contacting the entire feed with a hydrotreating catalyst in a hydrotreating reaction zone operating under mild conditions to convert the labile organosulfur and organonitrogen compounds. An extraction zone downstream of the hydrotreating reaction zone separates an aromatic-rich fraction that contains a substantial amount of the remaining refractory organosulfur and organonitrogen compounds. The aromatic-lean fraction is substantially free of organosulfur and organonitrogen compounds, since the non-aromatic organosulfur and organonitrogen compounds were the labile organosulfur and organonitrogen compounds which were initially removed by mild hydrotreating. The aromatic-rich fraction is oxidized to convert the refractory organosulfur and organonitrogen compounds to oxidized sulfur-containing and nitrogen-containing hydrocarbon compounds. These oxidized organosulfur and organonitrogen compounds are subsequently removed.06-14-2012
20120125819PROCESS FOR THE CONVERSION OF HYDROCARBONACEOUS FEEDSTOCK - A hydrocarbonaceous feedstock is converted in a process comprising the following steps: (a) the feedstock is contacted with hydrogen under hydrotreating conditions to yield hydrotreated product; (b) the hydrotreated product is subjected to a separation treatment to separate at least hydrogen from the hydrotreated product to obtain a liquid hydrotreated product stream; (c) at least a portion of the liquid hydrotreated product stream is subjected to a stripping treatment to separate a light product from the liquid hydrotreated product stream, leaving a heavy hydrotreated product; (d) the heavy hydrotreated product is separated under reduced pressure into a least one gaseous stripped fraction and at least one liquid stripped fraction in a separation zone, wherein at least a portion of a liquid stripped fraction is reheated and recycled to the separation zone, in which process at least a portion of the liquid stripped fraction is reheated by heat exchange between at least a portion of the liquid hydrotreated product stream and/or at least a portion of the heavy hydrotreated product.05-24-2012
20130199968MILD HYDRODESULFURIZATION INTEGRATING GAS PHASE CATALYTIC OXIDATION TO PRODUCE FUELS HAVING AN ULTRA-LOW LEVEL OF ORGANOSULFUR COMPOUNDS - Desulfurization of hydrocarbon feeds is achieved by first contacting the entire feed with a hydrodesulfurization catalyst in a hydrodesulfurization reaction zone operating under mild conditions; a flashing column downstream of the hydrodesulfurization reaction zone fractionates the effluent to obtain a first fraction which contains refractory organosulfur compounds and a second fraction that is substantially free of organosulfur compounds, since the organosulfur compounds boiling in the range of this fraction were the labile organosulfur compounds which were initially removed by mild hydrodesulfurization. The first fraction is contacted with a gaseous oxidizing agent over an oxidation catalyst having a formula Cu08-08-2013
208213000 With solid catalyst or absorbent 50
20120205291Method of Making a Hydroprocessing Catalyst with a Single Step Metal and Chelant Incorporation, the Catalyst, and the Use of the Catalyst - A hydroprocessing catalyst composition that comprises a metal-incorporated support having incorporated therein a metal component and a chelating agent, and, further comprising a polar additive. The catalyst composition is prepared by incorporating in a single step at least one metal component and a chelating agent into a support material to form a metal-incorporated support followed by drying the metal-incorporated support and thereafter incorporating therein a polar additive.08-16-2012
20090236266Diesel desulfurization method - A diesel desulfurization method has various steps including: implementing a modified oxidative desulfurization (UAOD) process. The UAOD has the steps of: mixing diesel fuel with room temperature ionic liquid, oxidant, phase transfer catalyst, and acid catalyst in a tank in a mix; recycling the ionic liquid and recycling the acid catalyst in aqueous phase. A step is to move the sulfur from the diesel fuel in a fluidized bed reactor (FBR) having bed reactor material. The process can be improved with ultrasound during mixing, or a high shear mixer. The bed reactor is preferably acidic alumina for adsorbing oxidized sulfur. The oxidant is preferably hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The acid catalyst is preferably a mixture of Acetic acid and Tri-fluoro acetic acid.09-24-2009
20100084318DESULFURIZATION OF HEAVY HYDROCARBONS AND CONVERSION OF RESULTING HYDROSULFIDES UTILIZING COPPER SULFIDE - The present invention is a process for desulfurizing hydrocarbon feedstreams with alkali metal compounds and regenerating the alkali metal compounds via the use of a copper sulfide reagent. The present invention employs the use of a copper sulfide reagent to convert alkali metal hydrosulfides in the generation or regeneration of the alkali hydroxide compounds which may be utilized in a desulfurization process for hydrocarbon feedstreams. Additionally, in preferred embodiments of the processes disclosed herein, carbonates which form as byproducts of the desulfurization process, and are non-regenerable with copper sulfide, are removed from the alkali hydroxide stream.04-08-2010
20100084317Desulfurization of heavy hydrocarbons and conversion of resulting hydrosulfides utilizing copper metal - The present invention is a process for desulfurizing hydrocarbon feedstreams with alkali metal compounds and regenerating the alkali metal compounds via the use of a copper metal reagent. The present invention employs the use of a copper metal reagent to convert spent alkali metal hydrosulfides in the regeneration of the alkali hydroxide compounds for reutilization in the desulfurization process for the hydrocarbon feedstreams. Additionally, in preferred embodiments of the processes disclosed herein, carbonates which may be detrimental to the overall desulfurization process and related equipment are removed from the regenerated alkali metal stream.04-08-2010
20100084316Desulfurization of heavy hydrocarbons and conversion of resulting hydrosulfides utilizing a transition metal oxide - The present invention is a process for desulfurizing hydrocarbon feedstreams with alkali metal compounds and regenerating the alkali metal compounds via the use of a transition metal oxide. The present invention employs the use of a transition metal oxide, preferably copper oxide, in order to convert spent alkali metal hydrosulfides in the regeneration of the alkali hydroxide compounds for reutilization in the desulfurization process for the hydrocarbon feedstreams. Additionally, in preferred embodiments of the processes disclosed herein, carbonates which may be detrimental to the overall desulfurization process and related equipment are removed from the regenerated alkali metal stream.04-08-2010
20090050534PROCESS FOR REMOVING SULFUR FROM SEPARATE LESS REACTIVE AND MORE REACTIVE FUEL GAS STREAMS CONTAINING ORGANIC SULFUR AND LIGHT OLEFINS - Disclosed is a process for removing organic sulfur from more than one reactive fuel gas stream. A reactor vessel that is provided with at least one bed of hydrodesulfurization catalyst is used to hydrodesulfurize multiple reactive fuel gas streams with a less reactive fuel gas stream being introduced into the reactor vessel at a point above the introduction point of a more reactive fuel gas stream. An hydrotreated fuel gas is yielded from the reactor vessel having a hydrogen sulfide concentration and a low organic sulfur content.02-26-2009
20090242459OXIDATIVE DESULFURIZATION OF FUEL OIL - A method for purifying a sulfur-containing fuel oil comprising (a) contacting in a first reaction mixture the sulfur-containing fuel oil with an exogenous binary catalyst, hydrogen peroxide, and a water-soluble acid at a temperature in a range of from about 25° C. to about 150° C. to provide a first oxidized mixture; and (b) separating at least one oxidized sulfur compound from the first oxidized mixture to provide a purified fuel oil. The first reaction mixture may further comprise a phase transfer catalyst. Furthermore, the sulfur-containing fuel oil may be deasphalted prior to contacting with the catalyst, hydrogen peroxide, and the water-soluble acid.10-01-2009
20100187160METHOD FOR PURIFYING MINERAL OIL FRACTIONS AND DEVICE SUITABLE FOR CONDUCTING SAID METHOD - Disclosed is a method for reducing the organic sulfur content in a sulfur-containing liquid fuel, wherein the sulfur-containing fuel is first brought in contact with a hydrogen-containing gas in a presaturator and subsequently the hydrogen-enriched liquid fuel is brought in contact with a suitable adsorbent in a reactor. The adsorbent is able to adsorb at least part of the sulfur and/or of the sulfur compound from the fuel at the surface. The contact with the adsorbent can advantageously take place not only at higher temperatures of approximately 400° C., but also at moderate temperatures, as low as room temperature, because the use of liquid fuel ensures very good contact between the fuel and the surface of the adsorbent, and therefore ensures reduction of the sulfur content.07-29-2010
20090242460OXIDATIVE DESULFURIZATION OF FUEL OIL - A method for purifying a sulfur-containing fuel oil comprising (a) contacting the fuel oil with a supported exogenous binary catalyst and oxygen at a temperature in a range of from about 25° C. to about 150° C., and at a pressure in a range of from about 1 atmosphere to about 150 atmospheres to provide a first oxidized mixture; and (b) separating at least one oxidized sulfur compound from the first oxidized mixture to a provide a purified fuel oil. In one embodiment, the sulfur-containing fuel oil is deasphalted prior to contacting with the supported exogenous binary catalyst and oxygen.10-01-2009
20120305450NANOPOROUS ARTICLES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME - A method is provided for producing an ultra-low sulfur hydrocarbon product from a hydrocarbon feedstock containing refractory sulfur compounds utilizing a carbon adsorbent. Also described is a hydrocarbon processing system configured to produce an ultra-low sulfur hydrocarbon product from hydrocarbon feedstock containing refractory sulfur compounds. The hydrocarbon processing system also utilizes a carbon adsorbent.12-06-2012
20120205290Hydroprocessing Catalyst Prepared with Waste Catalyst Fines and Its Use - A hydroprocessing catalyst composition that comprises a shaped support that is formed from a mixture of inorganic oxide powder and catalyst fines and wherein the shaped support has incorporated therein at least one metal component, a chelating agent and a polar additive. The hydroprocessing catalyst composition is prepared by incorporating into the shaped support a metal component, a chelating agent and a polar additive. The hydroprocessing catalyst composition has particular application in the catalytic hydroprocessing of petroleum derived feedstocks.08-16-2012
20100326889METHOD OF RESTORING CATALYTIC ACTIVITY TO A SPENT HYDROTREATING CATALYST, THE RESULTING RESTORED CATALYST, AND A METHOD OF HYDROPROCESSING - A method of restoring catalytic activity to a spent hydroprocessing catalyst that has a first carbon concentration. The concentration of carbon on the spent hydroprocessing catalyst is reduced to provide a carbon-reduced catalyst having a second carbon concentration that is less than the first carbon concentration. The carbon-reduced catalyst is exposed to a solution, comprising a chelating agent and a solvent, for an aging time period sufficient to provide for a restored catalytic activity thereby resulting in an aged catalyst having incorporated therein the chelating agent and the solvent. The aged catalyst is exposed to conditions, including a drying temperature, so as to remove from the aged catalyst a portion of the solvent without removing a significant portion of the chelating agent from the aged catalyst thereby resulting in a dried aged catalyst. The dried aged catalyst is then sulfur treated to thereby provide a restored catalyst. The restored catalyst and those catalysts made by the treatment method can be used in a hydroprocessing process comprising contacting the restored catalyst with a hydrocarbon feedstock under hydroprocessing conditions.12-30-2010
208214000 With hydrogen yielding material (H donor) 2
20100108571HYDROTREATING PROCESS WITH IMPROVED HYDROGEN MANAGEMENT - This invention relates to an improved hydrotreating process for removing sulfur from naphtha and distillate feedstreams. This improved process utilizes a hydrotreating zone, an acid gas removal zone, and a pressure swing adsorption zone having a total cycle time of less than about 30 seconds for increasing the concentration of hydrogen utilized in the process.05-06-2010
20100018905Deep hydrodesulfurization of hydrocarbon feedstreams - The distillate catalytic hydrodesulfurization of hydrocarbon fuels wherein the optimum hydrogen treat gas rate to maximize desulfurization is determined and introduced into the reaction zone to maintain a controlled amount of hydrogen at the surface of the catalyst during hydrodesulfurization.01-28-2010
208215000 With heavy metal sulfide 5
20110017641PRE-SULFIDING AND PRE-CONDITIONING OF RESIDUUM HYDROCONVERSION CATALYSTS FOR EBULLATED-BED HYDROCONVERSION PROCESSES - A hydroconversion process is disclosed, including contacting of hydrogen and a residuum hydrocarbon with a pre-conditioned and at least partially sulfided hydroconversion catalyst for converting at least a portion of the residuum hydrocarbon into at least one of a hydrotreated product and a hydrocracked product. Pre-sulfiding and pre-conditioning of the catalyst may include: intermittently or continuously: feeding a hydroconversion catalyst comprising a metal oxide to a pre-reactor; feeding hydrogen and the residuum hydrocarbon comprising sulfur-containing compounds to the pre-reactor; contacting the hydroconversion catalyst with hydrogen and the sulfur-containing compounds in the pre-reactor at conditions of temperature and pressure to concurrently: i) convert at least a portion of the metal oxide to a metal sulfide; and ii) pre-condition the catalyst; recovering a residuum hydrocarbon having a reduced sulfur content from the pre-reactor; and transporting the pre-conditioned and at least partially sulfided hydroconversion catalyst from the pre-reactor to the ebullated-bed hydroconversion reactor.01-27-2011
20100294699PROCESS FOR HYDRODESULFURIZATION, HYDRODENITROGENATION, HYDROFINISHING, OR AMINE PRODUCTION - Herein disclosed is a method for hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, hydrofinishing, amine production or a combination thereof. The method comprises forming a dispersion comprising hydrogen-containing gas bubbles dispersed in a liquid feedstock, wherein the bubbles have a mean diameter of less than about 5 μm and wherein the feedstock comprises a mixture of petroleum-derived hydrocarbons and a naturally derived renewable oil. The feedstock comprises hydrocarbons selected from the group consisting of liquid natural gas, crude oil, crude oil fractions, gasoline, diesel, naphtha, kerosene, jet fuel, fuel oils, and combinations thereof. The method further comprises contacting the dispersion with a catalyst that is active for hydrodesulfurization, hydrodenitrogenation, hydrofinishing, amine production, or a combination thereof. The catalyst comprises homogeneous catalysts and heterogeneous catalysts. The catalyst may be utilized in fixed-bed or slurry applications.11-25-2010
20130168292PROCESS FOR THE HYDRODESULPHURIZATION OF A GASOLINE CUT IN THE PRESENCE OF A SUPPORTED SULPHIDE CATALYST PREPARED USING AT LEAST ONE CYCLIC OLIGOSACCHARIDE - Hydrodesulphurization of a gasoline cut containing hydrocarbons containing at least 2 carbon atoms per molecule and having an end point of 250° C. or less, by contacting the gasoline cut with at least one catalyst having an active phase of at least one metal from group VIII and at least one metal from group VIB deposited on a support, said catalyst being prepared using a process of: 07-04-2013
20130153467HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST FOR HYDROCARBON OIL, PROCESS OF PRODUCING SAME AND METHOD FOR HYDROREFINING - A hydrodesulfurization catalyst is produced by pre-sulfurizing a hydrodesulfurization catalyst Y including a support containing silica, alumina and titania and at least one metal component supported thereon and selected from VIA and VIII groups of the periodic table (comprising at least Mo), in which the total area of the diffraction peak area indicating the crystal structure of anatase titania (101) planes and the diffraction peak area indicating the crystal structure of rutile titania (110) planes in the support, measured by X-ray diffraction analysis being ¼ or less of the alumina diffraction peak area assigned to γ-alumina (400) planes. The molybdenum is formed into molybdenum disulfide crystal disposed in layers on the support by the pre-sulfurization, and having an average length of longer than 3.5 nm and 7 nm or shorter in the plane direction and an average number of laminated layers of more than 1.0 and 1.9 or fewer.06-20-2013
20120145600Solutions and Catalysts Comprising Group VI Metal, Group VIII Metal, Phosphorus and An Additive - This invention provides a process for forming a solution composition, which process comprises forming a primary solution by bringing together, in an aqueous medium, i) at least one phosphorus compound, ii) at least one Group VI metal compound, iii) at least one Group VIII metal compound, and iv) an additive which is a) tetraethylene glycol, b) polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight in the range of about 200 to about 400, c) a mixture of tetraethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight in the range of about 200 to about 400, or d) a mixture of (1) tetraethylene glycol and/or polyethylene glycol having an average molecular weight in the range of about 200 to about 400 and (2) one or more of monoethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and triethylene glycol. The molar ratio of additive to the total moles of Group VI metal and Group VIII metal is above 0.30:1, and the atomic ratio of phosphorus to Group VI metal is at least about 0.33:1. Optionally, the primary solution is heated at a temperature above about 40° C. to form a heated solution. The heated solution is optionally cooled to form a cooled solution. Also provided are compositions formed by such processes, processes for forming catalyst compositions from these compositions, and catalyst compositions formed by these processes.06-14-2012
208216000 With group VI metal or compound 22
20090266744PROCESS FOR PRE-TREATING A DESULFURIZATION SORBENT - A process for presulfiding a plurality of sorbent particles prior to using at least a portion of the particles to at least partially desulfurize a hydrocarbon feed stream. Typically, presulfiding can be carried out in a presulfiding zone under presulfiding conditions. In one embodiment, the process can be carried out in a desulfurization system comprising a fluidized bed reactor and fluidized bed regenerator and can be completed in less than about 36 hours.10-29-2009
20120318717HYDROTREATING CATALYST FOR HYDROCARBON OIL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND HYDROCARBON OIL HYDROTREATING METHOD USING SAME - Provided are: a hydrotreating catalyst for hydrocarbon oil having a hydrodesulfurization activity additionally improved by: simultaneously and continuously adding an aqueous solution of an acidic compound containing titanium and an aqueous solution containing an alkaline compound to a hydrosol containing an alumina hydrate particle at a temperature of 10 to 100° C. and a pH of 4.5 to 6.5; washing the resultant to remove a contaminating ion; forming the washed product after dehydration so as to have a moisture content at which it is formable; drying the resultant; impregnating the dried product with a catalytic component aqueous solution containing at least one kind of periodic table group 6 metal compound, at least one kind of periodic table group 8-10 metal compound, at least one kind of phosphorus compound, and at least one kind of saccharide; and drying the resultant; a manufacturing method for the catalyst; and a hydrodesulfurization treatment method for hydrocarbon oil using the catalyst.12-20-2012
20090145808CATALYST TO ATTAIN LOW SULFUR DIESEL - This invention relates to a hydrodesulfurization catalyst and a method for preparing the catalyst by spray pyrolysis. The catalyst is useful for the hydrodesulfurization of gas oils, particularly diesel. The catalyst particles can include at least one metal selected from molybdenum, cobalt and nickel, and a silicon dioxide support. The spray pyrolysis technique allows for the preparation of catalyst particles having high loading of catalyst on the substrate.06-11-2009
20090166263Low pressure selective desulfurization of naphthas - A low hydrogen partial pressure process for desulfurizing naphtha in the presence of a hydrodesulfurization catalyst which catalyst is selective for suppressing hydrogenation of olefins and in the presence. This invention also relates to the use of optimum metals loading for achieving a high level of hydrodesulfurization with a low level of olefin saturation.07-02-2009
20080308462 Bulk Catalyst Composition And A Process Preparing The Bulk Catalyst Composition - The invention relates to a bulk catalyst composition comprising metal oxidic particles comprising one or more Group VIII metals and two or more Group VIB metals, which bulk catalyst composition comprises first metal oxidic particles comprising one or more first Group VIII metals and one or more first Group VIB metals and separately prepared second metal oxidic particles comprising one or more second Group VIII metals and one or more second Group VIB metals, wherein the composition of Group VIB and Group VIII metals in the first and second metal oxidic particles are different, wherein the first and second oxidic bulk particles-are separately shaped to separate first and second shaped bulk catalyst particles, which are combined, preferably into a homogeneous blend, to form the bulk catalyst composition. The invention further relates to a process for the preparation of the bulk catalyst composition and to hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon feed using the bulk catalyst composition.12-18-2008
20090008294Hydroprocessing Of Naphtha Streams At Moderate Conditions - The invention is drawn to a catalyst having a substantially bimodal support phase and an active metal phase that is suitable and stable for desulfurization of high-olefin content naphtha streams with minimal octane-loss running at low hydrogen pressure. The active metal phase preferably includes cobalt, molybdenum and at least one additional metal selected from the alkali-metals group.01-08-2009
20090107891PROCESS FOR PREPARING HYDROPROCESSING BULK CATALYSTS - A process to prepare hydroprocessing bulk catalysts is provided. The hydroprocessing catalyst has the formula (M04-30-2009
20110068047Methods and Units for Mitigation of Carbon Oxides During Hydrotreating - This invention relates to methods and units for mitigation of carbon oxides during hydrotreating hydrocarbons including mineral oil based streams and biological oil based streams. A hydrotreating unit includes a first hydrotreating reactor for receiving a mineral oil based hydrocarbon stream and forming a first hydrotreated product stream, and a second hydrotreating reactor for receiving a biological oil based hydrocarbon stream and forming a second hydrotreated product stream.03-24-2011
20090230026Catalyst To Attain Low Sulfur Gasoline - This invention relates to a hydrodesulfurization catalyst, a method for preparing the catalyst, and a method for the preparation of low sulfur gasoline fuel with minimal loss of RON. The catalyst particles include a group VIB metal and a support material having relatively high surface area, and optionally includes one or more group VIIIB metal. The method for preparing the catalyst allows for greater loading of the active metal species on the surface of the support material under aqueous reaction conditions.09-17-2009
20120037540Hydrotreating Catalyst Containing Phosphorus And Boron - A catalyst having at least one Group VIB metal component, at least one Group VIII metal component, a phosphorus component, and a boron-containing carrier component. The amount of the phosphorus component is at least 1 wt %, expressed as an oxide (P02-16-2012
20090308792CATALYST AND METHOD FOR HYDRODESULFURIZATION OF HYDROCARBONS - Oil soluble catalysts are used in a process to hydrodesulfurize petroleum feedstock having a high concentration of sulfur-containing compounds and convert the feedstock to a higher value product. The catalyst complex includes at least one attractor species and at least one catalytic metal that are bonded to a plurality of organic ligands that make the catalyst complex oil-soluble. The attractor species selectively attracts the catalyst to sulfur sites in sulfur-containing compounds in the feedstock where the catalytic metal can catalyze the removal of sulfur. Because the attractor species selectively attracts the catalysts to sulfur sites, non-productive, hydrogen consuming side reactions are reduced and greater rates of hydrodesulfurization are achieved while consuming less hydrogen per unit sulfur removed.12-17-2009
20130233769METHOD OF PRODUCING REGENERATED HYDROTREATING CATALYST AND METHOD OF PRODUCING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - A method of producing a regenerated hydrotreating catalyst, including a first step of preparing a hydrotreating catalyst that has been used for hydrotreatment of a petroleum fraction and has a metal element selected from Group 6 elements of the periodic table; a second step of performing regeneration treatment for part of the catalyst prepared in the first step, then performing X-ray absorption fine structure analysis for the catalyst after the regeneration treatment, and obtaining regeneration treatment conditions in which a ratio IS/IO of a peak intensity IS of a peak attributed to a bond between the metal element and a sulfur atom to a peak intensity IO of a peak attributed to a bond between the metal element and an oxygen atom is in the range of 0.1 to 0.3 in a radial distribution curve obtained from an extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectrum.09-12-2013
20130256195SELENIUM-CONTAINING HYDROPROCESSING CATALYST, ITS USE, AND METHOD OF PREPARATION - A hydroprocessing catalyst composition that comprises a support material and a selenium component and which support material further includes at least one hydrogenation metal component. The hydroprocessing catalyst is prepared by incorporating a selenium component into a support particle and, after calcination thereof, incorporating at least one hydrogenation metal component into the selenium-containing support. The metal-incorporated, selenium-containing support is calcined to provide the hydroprocessing catalyst composition.10-03-2013
20090127165Bulk Catalyst Comprising Nickel Tungsten Metal Oxidic Particles - The invention relates to a nickel tungsten bulk catalyst, to a process for the manufacture of said catalyst and to the use of said catalyst for the hydrotreatment, in particular the hydrodesulphurisation and hydrodenitrogenation of hydrocarbon feedstock. The catalyst comprises nickel tungsten metal oxidic particles obtainable by a process comprising forming a slurry of a first solid metal compound comprising Group VNI metal nickel and a second solid metal compound comprising Group VIB metal tungsten in a protic liquid, reacting the first and second solid metal compounds at elevated temperature whereby the first and second solid metal compounds remain at least partly in the solid state during the entire reaction to form the nickel tungsten oxidic bulk catalyst.05-21-2009
20120181219HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST FOR HYDROCARBON OIL, PROCESS OF PRODUCING SAME AND METHOD FOR HYDROREFINING - The present invention provides a hydrodesulfurization catalyst that exhibits a high desulfurization activity when used in hydrotreatment of hydrocarbon oil, in particular straight-run gas oil. The catalyst includes at least one type of metal component selected from Groups VIA and VIII in the periodic table, supported on a silica-titania-alumina support where the total of the diffraction peak area indicating the crystal structure of anatase titania (101) planes and the diffraction peak area indicating the crystal structure of rutile titania (110) planes is ¼ or less of the diffraction peak area indicating the aluminum crystal structure ascribed to γ-alumina (400) planes, as measured by X-ray diffraction analysis. The catalyst has (a) a specific surface area (SA) of 150 m07-19-2012
20090272674Nano zeolite containing hydrotreating catalyst and method of preparation - The present invention provides nano zeolite containing hydrotreating catalyst and methods of preparation, and more particularly to a nano-sized zeolite beta composite hydrotreating catalyst. The hydrotreating catalyst for desulfurization of diesel distillates includes between about 5 to about 75 wt % nano-sized zeolite beta composite, about 10 to about 30 wt % of a hydrogenation metal/alloy and between about 5 to about 20 wt % binder.11-05-2009
20120067780Process For Hydrodesulphurizing Gasoline Employing A Catalyst With Controlled Porosity - A novel process is described which allows selective hydrodesulphurizing gasoline cuts containing sulphur-containing compounds and olefins. The process employs a catalyst comprising a support selected, for example, from refractory oxides such as aluminas, silicas, silica-aluminas or magnesia, used alone or as a mixture, a group VI metal, preferably Mo or W which may or may not be promoted by a group VIII metal, Co or Ni. The catalyst is characterized by a mean pore diameter of more than 22 nm. The process may comprise one or more steps.03-22-2012
20100320123Selective Catalysts Having Silica Supports For Naphtha Hydrodesulfurization - A method for hydrodesulfurizing FCC naphtha is described. More particularly, a Co/Mo metal hydrogenation component is loaded on a silica or modified silica support in the presence of organic ligand and sulfided to produce a catalyst which is then used for hydrodesulfurizing FCC naphtha. The silica support has a defined pore size distribution which minimizes olefin saturation.12-23-2010
20120205292Chelant and Polar Additive Containing Composition Useful in the Hydroprocessing of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks and Method of Making and Use Thereof - A hydroprocessing catalyst composition that comprises a chelant treated metal containing support material having incorporated therein a polar additive. The catalyst composition is prepared by incorporating at least one metal component into a support material followed by treating the metal incorporated support with a chelating agent and thereafter incorporating a polar additive into the chelant treated composition.08-16-2012
20100326890HIGHLY STABLE HEAVY HYDROCARBON HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USE THEREOF - Described is a catalyst useful in the hydroprocessing of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock wherein the catalyst comprises a calcined mixture made by calcining a formed particle of a mixture comprising molybdenum trioxide, a nickel compound, and an inorganic oxide material. The catalyst may be made by mixing an inorganic oxide material, molybdenum trioxide, and a nickel compound to form a mixture that is formed into a particle and calcined to provide a calcined mixture. The process involves the hydrodesulfurization and hydroconversion of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock which process may include the conversion of a portion of the pitch content of the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock and the yielding of a treated product having an enhanced stability as reflected by its P-value.12-30-2010
20120091039EBULLATED BED HYDROTREATING SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES OF HEAVY CRUDE OIL - Disclosed are a mixed catalyst comprising catalyst A and catalyst B mixed in a volume ratio ranging from 1:0.1 to 1:10, heavy crude oil ebullated-bed hydrotreating systems comprising at least one ebullated-bed reactor comprising the mixed catalyst, and heavy crude oil ebullated-bed hydrotreating processes comprising: introducing heavy crude oil and hydrogen into at least one ebullated-bed reactor, reacting the heavy crude oil and the hydrogen with the mixed catalyst in the at least one ebullated-bed reactor to produce reaction products; and discharging the reaction products from the top of the at least one ebullated-bed reactor.04-19-2012
20120292231A HIGH ACTIVITY HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST, A METHOD OF MAKING A HIGH ACTIVITY HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST, AND A PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING AN ULTRA-LOW SULFUR DISTILLATE PRODUCT - A method of making a high activity catalyst composition suitable for use in the hydrodesulfurization of a middle distillate feed, such as diesel fuel, having a high concentration of sulfur, to thereby provide a low sulfur middle distillate product. The method comprises heat treating aluminum hydroxide under controlled temperature conditions thereby converting the aluminum hydroxide to gamma-alumina to give a converted aluminum hydroxide, and controlling the fraction of converted aluminum hydroxide that is gamma-alumina. A catalytic component is incorporated into the converted aluminum hydroxide to provide an intermediate, which is heat treated to provide the high activity catalyst composition. The high activity catalyst composition can suitably be used in the hydrodesulfurization of a middle distillate feed containing a high sulfur concentration.11-22-2012
208216000 With specific porosity or pore volume 8
20090266744PROCESS FOR PRE-TREATING A DESULFURIZATION SORBENT - A process for presulfiding a plurality of sorbent particles prior to using at least a portion of the particles to at least partially desulfurize a hydrocarbon feed stream. Typically, presulfiding can be carried out in a presulfiding zone under presulfiding conditions. In one embodiment, the process can be carried out in a desulfurization system comprising a fluidized bed reactor and fluidized bed regenerator and can be completed in less than about 36 hours.10-29-2009
20120318717HYDROTREATING CATALYST FOR HYDROCARBON OIL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND HYDROCARBON OIL HYDROTREATING METHOD USING SAME - Provided are: a hydrotreating catalyst for hydrocarbon oil having a hydrodesulfurization activity additionally improved by: simultaneously and continuously adding an aqueous solution of an acidic compound containing titanium and an aqueous solution containing an alkaline compound to a hydrosol containing an alumina hydrate particle at a temperature of 10 to 100° C. and a pH of 4.5 to 6.5; washing the resultant to remove a contaminating ion; forming the washed product after dehydration so as to have a moisture content at which it is formable; drying the resultant; impregnating the dried product with a catalytic component aqueous solution containing at least one kind of periodic table group 6 metal compound, at least one kind of periodic table group 8-10 metal compound, at least one kind of phosphorus compound, and at least one kind of saccharide; and drying the resultant; a manufacturing method for the catalyst; and a hydrodesulfurization treatment method for hydrocarbon oil using the catalyst.12-20-2012
20090145808CATALYST TO ATTAIN LOW SULFUR DIESEL - This invention relates to a hydrodesulfurization catalyst and a method for preparing the catalyst by spray pyrolysis. The catalyst is useful for the hydrodesulfurization of gas oils, particularly diesel. The catalyst particles can include at least one metal selected from molybdenum, cobalt and nickel, and a silicon dioxide support. The spray pyrolysis technique allows for the preparation of catalyst particles having high loading of catalyst on the substrate.06-11-2009
20090166263Low pressure selective desulfurization of naphthas - A low hydrogen partial pressure process for desulfurizing naphtha in the presence of a hydrodesulfurization catalyst which catalyst is selective for suppressing hydrogenation of olefins and in the presence. This invention also relates to the use of optimum metals loading for achieving a high level of hydrodesulfurization with a low level of olefin saturation.07-02-2009
20080308462 Bulk Catalyst Composition And A Process Preparing The Bulk Catalyst Composition - The invention relates to a bulk catalyst composition comprising metal oxidic particles comprising one or more Group VIII metals and two or more Group VIB metals, which bulk catalyst composition comprises first metal oxidic particles comprising one or more first Group VIII metals and one or more first Group VIB metals and separately prepared second metal oxidic particles comprising one or more second Group VIII metals and one or more second Group VIB metals, wherein the composition of Group VIB and Group VIII metals in the first and second metal oxidic particles are different, wherein the first and second oxidic bulk particles-are separately shaped to separate first and second shaped bulk catalyst particles, which are combined, preferably into a homogeneous blend, to form the bulk catalyst composition. The invention further relates to a process for the preparation of the bulk catalyst composition and to hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon feed using the bulk catalyst composition.12-18-2008
20090008294Hydroprocessing Of Naphtha Streams At Moderate Conditions - The invention is drawn to a catalyst having a substantially bimodal support phase and an active metal phase that is suitable and stable for desulfurization of high-olefin content naphtha streams with minimal octane-loss running at low hydrogen pressure. The active metal phase preferably includes cobalt, molybdenum and at least one additional metal selected from the alkali-metals group.01-08-2009
20090107891PROCESS FOR PREPARING HYDROPROCESSING BULK CATALYSTS - A process to prepare hydroprocessing bulk catalysts is provided. The hydroprocessing catalyst has the formula (M04-30-2009
20110068047Methods and Units for Mitigation of Carbon Oxides During Hydrotreating - This invention relates to methods and units for mitigation of carbon oxides during hydrotreating hydrocarbons including mineral oil based streams and biological oil based streams. A hydrotreating unit includes a first hydrotreating reactor for receiving a mineral oil based hydrocarbon stream and forming a first hydrotreated product stream, and a second hydrotreating reactor for receiving a biological oil based hydrocarbon stream and forming a second hydrotreated product stream.03-24-2011
20090230026Catalyst To Attain Low Sulfur Gasoline - This invention relates to a hydrodesulfurization catalyst, a method for preparing the catalyst, and a method for the preparation of low sulfur gasoline fuel with minimal loss of RON. The catalyst particles include a group VIB metal and a support material having relatively high surface area, and optionally includes one or more group VIIIB metal. The method for preparing the catalyst allows for greater loading of the active metal species on the surface of the support material under aqueous reaction conditions.09-17-2009
20120037540Hydrotreating Catalyst Containing Phosphorus And Boron - A catalyst having at least one Group VIB metal component, at least one Group VIII metal component, a phosphorus component, and a boron-containing carrier component. The amount of the phosphorus component is at least 1 wt %, expressed as an oxide (P02-16-2012
20090308792CATALYST AND METHOD FOR HYDRODESULFURIZATION OF HYDROCARBONS - Oil soluble catalysts are used in a process to hydrodesulfurize petroleum feedstock having a high concentration of sulfur-containing compounds and convert the feedstock to a higher value product. The catalyst complex includes at least one attractor species and at least one catalytic metal that are bonded to a plurality of organic ligands that make the catalyst complex oil-soluble. The attractor species selectively attracts the catalyst to sulfur sites in sulfur-containing compounds in the feedstock where the catalytic metal can catalyze the removal of sulfur. Because the attractor species selectively attracts the catalysts to sulfur sites, non-productive, hydrogen consuming side reactions are reduced and greater rates of hydrodesulfurization are achieved while consuming less hydrogen per unit sulfur removed.12-17-2009
20130233769METHOD OF PRODUCING REGENERATED HYDROTREATING CATALYST AND METHOD OF PRODUCING PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - A method of producing a regenerated hydrotreating catalyst, including a first step of preparing a hydrotreating catalyst that has been used for hydrotreatment of a petroleum fraction and has a metal element selected from Group 6 elements of the periodic table; a second step of performing regeneration treatment for part of the catalyst prepared in the first step, then performing X-ray absorption fine structure analysis for the catalyst after the regeneration treatment, and obtaining regeneration treatment conditions in which a ratio IS/IO of a peak intensity IS of a peak attributed to a bond between the metal element and a sulfur atom to a peak intensity IO of a peak attributed to a bond between the metal element and an oxygen atom is in the range of 0.1 to 0.3 in a radial distribution curve obtained from an extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectrum.09-12-2013
20130256195SELENIUM-CONTAINING HYDROPROCESSING CATALYST, ITS USE, AND METHOD OF PREPARATION - A hydroprocessing catalyst composition that comprises a support material and a selenium component and which support material further includes at least one hydrogenation metal component. The hydroprocessing catalyst is prepared by incorporating a selenium component into a support particle and, after calcination thereof, incorporating at least one hydrogenation metal component into the selenium-containing support. The metal-incorporated, selenium-containing support is calcined to provide the hydroprocessing catalyst composition.10-03-2013
20090127165Bulk Catalyst Comprising Nickel Tungsten Metal Oxidic Particles - The invention relates to a nickel tungsten bulk catalyst, to a process for the manufacture of said catalyst and to the use of said catalyst for the hydrotreatment, in particular the hydrodesulphurisation and hydrodenitrogenation of hydrocarbon feedstock. The catalyst comprises nickel tungsten metal oxidic particles obtainable by a process comprising forming a slurry of a first solid metal compound comprising Group VNI metal nickel and a second solid metal compound comprising Group VIB metal tungsten in a protic liquid, reacting the first and second solid metal compounds at elevated temperature whereby the first and second solid metal compounds remain at least partly in the solid state during the entire reaction to form the nickel tungsten oxidic bulk catalyst.05-21-2009
20120181219HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST FOR HYDROCARBON OIL, PROCESS OF PRODUCING SAME AND METHOD FOR HYDROREFINING - The present invention provides a hydrodesulfurization catalyst that exhibits a high desulfurization activity when used in hydrotreatment of hydrocarbon oil, in particular straight-run gas oil. The catalyst includes at least one type of metal component selected from Groups VIA and VIII in the periodic table, supported on a silica-titania-alumina support where the total of the diffraction peak area indicating the crystal structure of anatase titania (101) planes and the diffraction peak area indicating the crystal structure of rutile titania (110) planes is ¼ or less of the diffraction peak area indicating the aluminum crystal structure ascribed to γ-alumina (400) planes, as measured by X-ray diffraction analysis. The catalyst has (a) a specific surface area (SA) of 150 m07-19-2012
20090272674Nano zeolite containing hydrotreating catalyst and method of preparation - The present invention provides nano zeolite containing hydrotreating catalyst and methods of preparation, and more particularly to a nano-sized zeolite beta composite hydrotreating catalyst. The hydrotreating catalyst for desulfurization of diesel distillates includes between about 5 to about 75 wt % nano-sized zeolite beta composite, about 10 to about 30 wt % of a hydrogenation metal/alloy and between about 5 to about 20 wt % binder.11-05-2009
20120067780Process For Hydrodesulphurizing Gasoline Employing A Catalyst With Controlled Porosity - A novel process is described which allows selective hydrodesulphurizing gasoline cuts containing sulphur-containing compounds and olefins. The process employs a catalyst comprising a support selected, for example, from refractory oxides such as aluminas, silicas, silica-aluminas or magnesia, used alone or as a mixture, a group VI metal, preferably Mo or W which may or may not be promoted by a group VIII metal, Co or Ni. The catalyst is characterized by a mean pore diameter of more than 22 nm. The process may comprise one or more steps.03-22-2012
20100320123Selective Catalysts Having Silica Supports For Naphtha Hydrodesulfurization - A method for hydrodesulfurizing FCC naphtha is described. More particularly, a Co/Mo metal hydrogenation component is loaded on a silica or modified silica support in the presence of organic ligand and sulfided to produce a catalyst which is then used for hydrodesulfurizing FCC naphtha. The silica support has a defined pore size distribution which minimizes olefin saturation.12-23-2010
20120205292Chelant and Polar Additive Containing Composition Useful in the Hydroprocessing of Hydrocarbon Feedstocks and Method of Making and Use Thereof - A hydroprocessing catalyst composition that comprises a chelant treated metal containing support material having incorporated therein a polar additive. The catalyst composition is prepared by incorporating at least one metal component into a support material followed by treating the metal incorporated support with a chelating agent and thereafter incorporating a polar additive into the chelant treated composition.08-16-2012
20100326890HIGHLY STABLE HEAVY HYDROCARBON HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USE THEREOF - Described is a catalyst useful in the hydroprocessing of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock wherein the catalyst comprises a calcined mixture made by calcining a formed particle of a mixture comprising molybdenum trioxide, a nickel compound, and an inorganic oxide material. The catalyst may be made by mixing an inorganic oxide material, molybdenum trioxide, and a nickel compound to form a mixture that is formed into a particle and calcined to provide a calcined mixture. The process involves the hydrodesulfurization and hydroconversion of a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock which process may include the conversion of a portion of the pitch content of the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock and the yielding of a treated product having an enhanced stability as reflected by its P-value.12-30-2010
20120091039EBULLATED BED HYDROTREATING SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES OF HEAVY CRUDE OIL - Disclosed are a mixed catalyst comprising catalyst A and catalyst B mixed in a volume ratio ranging from 1:0.1 to 1:10, heavy crude oil ebullated-bed hydrotreating systems comprising at least one ebullated-bed reactor comprising the mixed catalyst, and heavy crude oil ebullated-bed hydrotreating processes comprising: introducing heavy crude oil and hydrogen into at least one ebullated-bed reactor, reacting the heavy crude oil and the hydrogen with the mixed catalyst in the at least one ebullated-bed reactor to produce reaction products; and discharging the reaction products from the top of the at least one ebullated-bed reactor.04-19-2012
20120292231A HIGH ACTIVITY HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST, A METHOD OF MAKING A HIGH ACTIVITY HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYST, AND A PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING AN ULTRA-LOW SULFUR DISTILLATE PRODUCT - A method of making a high activity catalyst composition suitable for use in the hydrodesulfurization of a middle distillate feed, such as diesel fuel, having a high concentration of sulfur, to thereby provide a low sulfur middle distillate product. The method comprises heat treating aluminum hydroxide under controlled temperature conditions thereby converting the aluminum hydroxide to gamma-alumina to give a converted aluminum hydroxide, and controlling the fraction of converted aluminum hydroxide that is gamma-alumina. A catalytic component is incorporated into the converted aluminum hydroxide to provide an intermediate, which is heat treated to provide the high activity catalyst composition. The high activity catalyst composition can suitably be used in the hydrodesulfurization of a middle distillate feed containing a high sulfur concentration.11-22-2012
208217000 With Group VIII metal or compound 9
20090159502Decomposition of peroxides using iron-containing acidic zeolites - The present invention provides a catalyst particle for decomposing a peroxide compound into an alcohol compound, the catalyst particle having an acidic zeolite material having an iron containing material in the framework position or the non-framework position and being present in an amount by weight of the catalyst particle from 100 ppm to 10,000 ppm.06-25-2009
20100089798USE OF SOLIDS BASED ON ZINC FERRITE IN A PROCESS FOR DEEP DESULPHURIZING OXYGEN-CONTAINING FEEDS - The invention concerns a process for desulphurizing a feed comprising oxygen-containing compounds, hydrocarbon-containing compounds and organic sulphur-containing compounds, by capturing sulphur on a capture mass comprising iron oxides or zinc oxides and more than 20% by weight of zinc ferrite. The process is operated in the presence of hydrogen at a temperature in the range 200° C. to 400° C.04-15-2010
20100089799USE OF ZINC FERRITE-BASED SOLIDS IN A PROCESS FOR DEEP DESULFURIZATION OF HYDROCARBON FRACTIONS - The invention relates to a process for desulfurization of a non-oxidized hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising organic sulfur compounds, by adsorption, especially chemisorption of sulfur on a composition in bulk form consisting essentially of 70% by weight of zinc ferrite and optionally iron oxides or zinc oxides. The process is performed in the presence of hydrogen at a temperature of between 200° C. and 450° C.04-15-2010
20100116717METHOD FOR THE DESULFURIZATION OF FUELS AND HIGHLY ACTIVE NICKEL CARRIER CATALYST BASED ON ALUMINUM OXIDE SUITABLE FOR SAID METHOD - A highly active nickel carrier catalyst based on aluminium oxide has a nickel content of approximately 20 to 70 wt.-% (as Ni) and optionally comprises a bonding agent and optionally a promoter, selected from the compounds of Mg, Ti, Pb, Pt, Ba, Ca and/or Cu, wherein the size of the Ni crystallites in the reduced state is in the range of approximately 3.5 to 4.5 nm and the distortion factor of the Ni crystallites is approximately 2 to 5%. In a method for the reduction of the content of sulphur compounds in hydrocarbon-based fuels by selective adsorption of the sulphur compounds on a nickel catalyst, a nickel catalyst based on aluminium oxide is used, particularly the nickel catalyst described above. A nickel catalyst based on aluminium oxide may be used for reducing the sulphur compound content in hydrocarbon-based fuels by selective adsorption of the sulphur compounds on said catalyst and/or for the hydrogenation of aromatic compounds.05-13-2010
20080251422PROCESS FOR TREATING HYDROCARBON FEEDS WITH ELECTROLYTIC HYDROGEN - A process for treating hydrocarbon feeds includes the steps of providing a hydrocarbon feed containing sulfur and/or metalloporphyrins; providing a cell having two compartments and a membrane separating the compartments; flowing a hydrogen source through one compartment; flowing the hydrocarbon feed through the other compartment; applying a current across the hydrogen source compartment whereby hydrogen diffuses through the membrane from the hydrogen source to the hydrocarbon feed, whereby the hydrogen reacts with sulfur and/or metalloporphyrins to form H10-16-2008
20110108463CATALYST AND ITS USE IN DESULPHURISATION - A catalyst is provided comprising nickel in a reduced valence state on a carrier comprising zinc oxide and alumina, wherein the Zn:Ni atomic ratio is at least 12, and the catalyst particles are prepared by: 05-12-2011
20100236988OIL AND POLAR ADDITIVE IMPREGNATED COMPOSITION USEFUL IN THE CATALYTIC HYDROPROCESSING OF HYDROCARBONS, A METHOD OF MAKING SUCH CATALYST, AND A PROCESS OF USING SUCH CATALYST - A composition that comprises a support material having incorporated therein a metal component and impregnated with both hydrocarbon oil and a polar additive. The composition that is impregnated with both hydrocarbon oil and polar additive is useful in the hydrotreating of hydrocarbon feedstocks, and it is especially useful in applications involving delayed feed introduction whereby the composition is first treated with hot hydrogen, and, optionally, with a sulfur compound, prior to contacting it with a hydrocarbon feedstock under hydrodesulfurization process conditions.09-23-2010
20130153468UNSUPPORTED AND SUPPORTED NON-PROMOTED RUTHENIUM SULFIDE CATALYST WITH HIGH CATALYTIC ACTIVITY FOR HYDROCARBON HYDROTREATMENTS AND ITS METHOD - The present invention relates to a synthesis method for unsupported and supported ruthenium base (RuS2) catalysts from a ruthenium complex precursor, which is decomposed and activated by a simple activation process; these steps provide a catalyst with very high catalytic activity, in addition the incorporation of ruthenium complex precursor to a support by methods of incipient and wet impregnating is described; the obtained catalytic activities in this invention are in the order of 100 times the molybdenum sulfide catalyst without support and without promoter, 14 times the industrial supported catalyst, and 5 times the activity of the currently most active commercial unsupported catalyst.06-20-2013
20130199969COMPOSITION AND A METHOD OF MAKING AND USE OF SUCH COMPOSITION - A composition and method of making such a composition that has application in the hydroprocessing of hydrocarbon feedstocks. The method comprises selecting an organic additive by the use of a correlation model for predicting catalytic activity as a function of a physical property that is associated with the organic additive and incorporating the organic additive into a support material to provide the additive impregnated composition.08-08-2013

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