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208 - Mineral oils: processes and products


208106000 - Cracking

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
208118000 Silica or silicate containing catalyst 49
208121000 Metal or metal oxide containing catalyst 22
208114000 Phosphorus, boron or nitrogen containing catalyst 4
20120292230CATALYST AND A METHOD FOR CRACKING HYDROCARBONS - The invention discloses a catalyst and a method for cracking hydrocarbons. The catalyst comprises, calculated by dry basis, 10˜65 wt % ZSM-5 zeolite, 0˜60 wt % clay, 15˜60 wt % inorganic oxide binder, 0.5˜15 wt % one or more metal additives selected from the metals of Group VIIIB and 2˜25 wt % P additive, in which the metal additive is calculated by metal oxide and the P additive is calculated by P11-22-2012
20090101543Catalyst composition for treating heavy feedstocks - The present invention provides a catalyst and a process for its preparation and its use in cracking heavy feedstocks. The catalyst comprises one or more zeolites having a controlled silica to alumina ratio and preferably treated with alkali in the presence of a matrix component selected from the group consisting of clays, synthetic matrix other than pillared clay, and mixtures thereof. The catalyst are particularly useful in treating heavy feedstock such as residues from oil sands processing.04-23-2009
20090230023FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING CATALYST HAVING DESULFURIZING FUNCTIONS, PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF THE SAME, AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF LOW-SULFUR CATALYTICALLY CRACKED GASOLINE WITH THE CATALYST - The present invention 1, 2 or 3 provides a desulfurization function-added FCC catalyst which can efficiently reduce the sulfur content of FCC gasoline while maintaining the yield of FCC gasoline in a process of producing FCC gasoline by cracking of heavy oil. The catalyst has vanadium supported on a carrier comprising (a) an alumina-coated zeolite and (b) a porous inorganic oxide except zeolite and/or a clay mineral, wherein the supported vanadium amount is from 500 to 20000 ppm by mass in terms of vanadium metal and the acid amount is from 20 to 450 μmol/g and the macropore surface area is from 30 to 150 m09-17-2009
20090134065Pentasil Catalyst for Light Olefins in Fluidized Catalytic Units - The catalyst of this invention is capable of enhancing light olefin, e.g., propylene, yields in fluidizable catalytic cracking (FCC) processes. The catalyst comprises (a) pentasil zeolite, (b) at least 5% by weight phosphorus (P05-28-2009
208115000 Halogen containing catalyst 1
20100025296PROCESS FOR PRODUCING MIDDLE DISTILLATE BY ALKYLATING C5+ ISOPARAFFIN AND C5+ OLEFIN - An alkylation process, comprising providing an isoparaffin feed that comprises at least 20 wt % C5+, providing a hydrocarbon stream that comprises at least 20 wt % C5+ olefins, and contacting the isoparaffin feed and the hydrocarbon stream with an ionic liquid catalyst under alkylation conditions wherein a middle distillate is produced. The middle distillate has less than 10 ppm sulfur and less than 3 wt % olefin. An alkylation process comprising contacting a naphtha with a low RON and a hydrocarbon stream comprising C5 olefins to an ionic liquid alkylation reactor under alkylation conditions, and recovering a middle distillate comprising less than 3 wt % olefin. A refinery process, comprising a hydrocracker that produces C5+ isoparaffin, a FC cracker that produces a hydrocarbon stream comprising a C5+ olefin, and an ionic liquid alkylation reactor that produces a high yield of middle distillate.02-04-2010
20110203970SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR INJECTING CATALYST AND/OR ADDITIVES INTO A FLUIDIZED CATALYTIC CRACKING UNIT - Systems for loading catalyst and/or additives into a fluidized catalytic cracking unit are disclosed. Methods of making and using the systems are also disclosed.08-25-2011
20100078357Process for Mixing Regenerated and Carbonized Catalyst - A process for mixing regenerated and carbonized catalyst involves obstructing upward flow of catalyst by one or more baffles between a catalyst inlet and a feed distributor. Each catalyst stream may be passed to opposite sides of a riser. Baffles obstruct upward flow to effect mixing of regenerated and carbonized catalyst to obtain a more uniform temperature and catalyst mixture before contacting the feed.04-01-2010
20130048541ATTRITION SELECTIVE PARTICLES - Additive particles for use in a fluid catalytic cracking system are provided for reducing the opacity of flue gas that is generated from a regenerator within the system. Particles are supplied to the unit to catalyze the cracking of hydrocarbon feeds, and to react with sulfur oxides that are produced during regeneration of catalysts supplied for the cracking reactions. At least a portion of the supplied particles include active particulates and a binder, with at least a portion of the active particulates being in a size range from 0.5 to 40 microns.02-28-2013
20090107885CATALYTIC SYSTEM AND ADDITIVE FOR MAXIMISATION OF LIGHT OLEFINS IN FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING UNITS IN OPERATIONS OF LOW SEVERITY - The present invention concerns the field of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) processes. The invention provides a process increasing production of LPG and propene in FCC units operating under conditions of maximisation of middle distillates of low aromaticity, such that they may be incorporated into the diesel oil pool. The invention also relates to the preparation and employment of additives based on zeolites having small pores, such as ferrierite (FER), in catalytic systems for FCC units, wherein conditions of low severity are adopted with a view to increasing yields of LPG and light olefins whilst improving stability of petrol. The invention also provides an original catalytic system, being more efficient than catalytic systems known in the state of the art, to increase the yield of LPG and propene without prejudicing the yield and quality of LCO. Furthermore it provides a method of preparation of an additive for said process employing the zeolite ferrierite.04-30-2009
20080202983APPARATUS AND PROCESS FOR CONVERTING FEED MATERIAL INTO REUSABLE HYDROCARBONS - Apparatus and process for producing hydrocarbon materials from a feed composition, the apparatus including a feed port; a viscous shear apparatus; a thermal decomposition assembly including a ribbonchannel reactor which includes an inner heated hollow cylinder; an outer heated hollow cylinder, one of which is rotatable with respect to the other, both heated hollow cylinders providing heat to the feed composition to convert it to a vapor fraction and a solid residue fraction; low height flighting mounted with respect to the inner and outer heated hollow cylinders to move the feed composition through the thermal decomposition assembly; at least one vapor port for removing the vapor fraction; and at least one solids port for removing the solid fraction.08-28-2008
20100089796Layered Composition and Processes for Preparing and Using the Composition - A layered composition which can be used in various processes has been developed. The composition comprises an inner core such as a cordierite core and an outer layer comprising a refractory inorganic oxide, a fibrous component and an inorganic binder. The refractory inorganic oxide layer can be alumina, zirconia, titania, etc. while the fibrous component can be titania fibers, silica fibers, carbon fibers, etc. The inorganic oxide binder can be alumina, silica, zirconia, etc. The layer can also contain catalytic metals such as gold and platinum plus other modifiers. The layered composition is prepared by coating the inner core with a slurry comprising the refractory inorganic oxide, fibrous component, an inorganic binder precursor and an organic binding agent such as polyvinyl alcohol. The composition can be used in various hydrocarbon conversion processes.04-15-2010
20100243528METHOD AND SYSTEM RELATING TO A WET GAS COMPRESSOR - One exemplary embodiment can be a method for revamping a fluid catalytic cracking unit. The method can include communicating an expander powered by a regeneration zone flue gas stream with a wet gas compressor transferring a stream including one or more hydrocarbons from a receiver of the fluid catalytic cracking unit.09-30-2010
20090095657Automation and Control of Energy Efficient Fluid Catalytic Cracking Processes for Maximizing Value Added Products - With an aim to optimize propylene production, petroleum oil is catalytically cracked by contacting the oil with catalyst mixture consisting of a base cracking catalyst containing an stable Y-type zeolite and small amounts of rare-earth metal oxide, and an additive containing a shape-selective zeolite, in an up-flow type fluid catalytic cracking apparatus having a regeneration zone, a separation zone, and a stripping zone. According to this fluid catalytic cracking process, the production of light-fraction olefins such as propylene is maximized by applying appropriate process control, monitoring, and optimizing systems. The present invention provides mathematical process models, including: neural networks, statistical models and finite impulse models. These various mathematical process models are used in conjunction with advanced controllers and optimizing routines to calculate optimal settings for various process parameters. A microwave based system can also be employed for optimizing the performance of a stripping zone, which further optimizes catalyst regeneration. Process model and historical data to test a predictive system can provide early warning of potential performance degradation and equipment failure in the FCC unit, which decreases overall operating costs and increases plant safety.04-16-2009
20100065477Extra mesoporous Y zeolite - This invention relates to the composition and synthesis of an Extra Mesoporous Y (or “EMY”) zeolite and its use in the catalytic conversion of organic compounds. In particular, this invention relates to a Y-type framework zeolite possessing a high large mesopore pore volume to small mesopore pore volume ratio. The novel zeolite obtained provides beneficial structural features for use in petroleum refining and petrochemical processes.03-18-2010
20090283445FCC reactor and riser design for short contact-time catalytic cracking of hydrocarbons - The present invention is an improved design and operation of a short contact time Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Reactor wherein the upper internal riser and a lower internal riser are in fluid connection with one another and provide an improved disengaging zone for entraining the vapors from the dilute phase area of the FCC reactor. Detailed preferred embodiments include improvements over the prior art to the internal central riser, riser termination apparatus, cyclone separators, and a coke mitigation baffle system, as well as associated improved fluid catalytic cracking processes utilizing the novel reactor design.11-19-2009
20090120840Method for unpressurized catalytic conversion of organic solids into oil - A process is disclosed for unpressurized catalytic conversion of organic solids into oil, with the steps of conditioning the starting material, cracking in an oil reactor with simultaneous distilled separation of the desired hydrocarbon section, and discharging the solids obtained in the reaction, wherein conditioning of the floatable solid starting materials takes place in a micro vortex mill in an air carrier flow, and the resulting material particles are converted in the oil reactor, either directly or after temporary storage, with a dry content of ≧90% and a grain size of ≦100 μm, in particular ≦63 μm. Conditioning according to the invention can be used for all types of floatable organic solids and their mixtures. After processing in the micro vortex mill, the products supplied to the oil reactor produce high product yields with shorter reaction times, thereby substantially improving the economic benefits of the process.05-14-2009
20080210600Process for Upgrading Liquid Hydrocarbon Feed - Process for upgrading a liquid hydrocarbon feed comprising the steps of (a) preparing a slurry comprising the hydrocarbon feed having a boiling range above 350° C. and solid particles comprising a rehydratable material, (b) thermally treating said slurry at a temperature in the range of 250 to 550° C., (c) optionally separating the thermally treated slurry into (I) a lower boiling fraction and (ii) a higher boiling fraction containing the solid particles and formed coke, if any, and (d) separating the solid particles and formed coke, if any, from the thermally treated slurry resulting from step b) or the higher boiling fraction of step c).09-04-2008
20130098804Method of catalyst making for superior attrition performance - A catalyst composition that has superior attrition performance and a method that produces said catalyst composition to be used for fluid catalytic cracking processes to convert a heavy hydrocarbon fraction into mainly liquid fuels, particularly gasoline and light olefins. The catalyst composition has a moisture level or loss on ignition below 12 wt % and attrition rate below 3 wt. %/hr.04-25-2013
20090283446PROCESS FOR MIXING IN FLUIDIZED BEDS - Process for increasing mixing in a fluidized bed. A slide, which may be in the form of a tube or trough, transports particles from an upper zone downward to a lower zone at a different horizontal position, thereby changing the horizontal position of the particle and creating lateral mixing in the fluidized bed. Increased mixing may improve efficiency for an apparatus using a fluidized bed. For example, increased lateral mixing in a regenerator may increase temperature and oxygen mixing and reduce stagnation to improve efficiency. A slide may be relatively unobtrusive, inexpensive, and simple for a retrofit or design modification and may improve combustion efficiency at high rates by enhancing the lateral blending of spent and regenerated catalyst.11-19-2009
20110198267ADVANCED ELEVATED FEED DISTRIBUTION APPARATUS AND PROCESS FOR LARGE DIAMETER FCC REACTOR RISERS - An FCC process and apparatus may include injecting hydrocarbon feedstock at different radial positions while at the same elevation inside a riser. Multiple distributors may be used to position the tips for injecting feedstock at multiple radial positions. The distributors with tips more deeply positioned in the riser will penetrate a dense catalyst column we discovered generates in risers of larger diameter over 1.3 meters.08-18-2011
20080308453CATALYST WITHDRAWAL METHOD FOR REGULATING CATALYST INVENTORY IN A FLUID CATALYST CRACKING UNIT - A catalyst withdrawal method for regulating catalyst inventory in a fluid catalytic cracking catalyst (FCC) unit is provided. In one embodiment, a catalyst withdrawal apparatus for removing catalyst from a FCC unit includes a pressure vessel having a metering device coupled to a fill port. A heat dissipater is located adjacent the metering device and is adapted to cool catalyst entering the pressure vessel. A sensor is coupled to the pressure vessel arranged to provide a metric indicative of catalyst entering the pressure vessel through the metering device. In another embodiment, a method for regulating catalyst inventory in a FCC unit includes the steps of determining a change of catalyst present in a FCC unit, withdrawing catalyst from the FCC unit into an isolatable storage vessel coupled to the FCC unit, measuring the amount of catalyst disposed in the storage vessel, and removing the measured catalyst from the storage vessel.12-18-2008
20100140137FUEL CONVERSION SYSTEM, APPARATUS, AND METHOD - A reductant producing apparatus and method is provided, the apparatus includes a catalyst attached to an encasement. The encasement has a first and second intake formed therein that are fluidly coupled to the catalyst. The first intake configured to allow entry of a hydrocarbon fuel into the encasement. The second intake is configured to allow entry of oxygen into the encasement. The catalyst is configured to catalyze an autothermal reaction to convert a mixture into a plurality of reductants comprising a plurality of hydrocarbons having a hydrocarbon chain length that is less than a hydrocarbon chain length of hydrocarbons in the hydrocarbon fuel. The mixture comprises the hydrocarbon fuel and the oxygen, and the mixture has a carbon-to-oxygen ratio that is greater than a one-to-one ratio.06-10-2010
20090321317METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROCESSING PLASTIC-CONTAINING WASTE - The invention relates to a method and device for processing plastic-containing and organic fluids based on crude oil, cooking oil, fats or the like, wherein the substance mixture is fed into a reactor, is then melted in the melting zone of the reactor and the interfering substances are discharged from the melt. The long-chained polymers still present in the melt are cracked in a crack zone of the reactor until they assume a gaseous state. Then the gas phase is discharged from the reactor an condensed in a cooler. Impurities are then removed from the volatile liquid present after cooling and the volatile liquid is stored.12-31-2009
20110220548Process for Catalytic Cracking with Fine Control of the Residual Coke Content on the Catalyst after Regeneration - This invention describes a two-stage regeneration zone that has a regenerated catalyst circuit such as the one that results from the mixing of a partially regenerated catalyst with a residual coke rate of between 0.3 and 0.7% and a totally regenerated catalyst with a coke rate that is less than 0.15%. All things being equal, this double-population regenerated catalyst enables the maximization of the LCO yield.09-15-2011
20110139683FCC PROCESS WITH SPENT CATALYST RECYCLE - Disclosed is an FCC apparatus and process in which coked catalyst is recycled to the base of the riser to contact fresh feed through a passage disposed within the riser.06-16-2011
20090211944Oxidic Metal Composition, Its Preparation And Use As Catalyst Composition - Oxidic composition consisting essentially of oxidic forms of a first metal, a second metal, and optionally a third metal, the first metal being either Ca or Ba and being present in the composition in an amount of from about 5 to about 80 wt %, the second metal being Al and being present in the composition in an amount of from about 5 to about 80 wt %, the third metal being selected from the group consisting of La, Ti, and Zr, and being present in an amount of from 0 to about 17 wt %—all weight percentages calculated as oxides and based on the weight of the oxidic composition, the oxidic composition being obtainable by 08-27-2009
20090152167FCC Process with Spent Catalyst Recycle - Disclosed is an FCC apparatus and process in which spent catalyst is recycled to the base of the riser to contact fresh feed through a passage disposed within the riser.06-18-2009
20120103870FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING CATALYST STRIPPING - This disclosure relates to devices, e.g., baffle plate and combination dipleg valve/baffle devices, for use in achieving rapid disengagement of entrained hydrocarbons vapors, especially in high flux spent catalyst flow exiting from a cyclone separator dipleg in a fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC) unit. The baffle plate is preferably located near and typically below the catalyst dipleg of a fluid catalytic cracking reactor or separation zone and comprises a baffle plate body member having a surface, and in preferred embodiments also includes one or more apertures located on at least a portion of the surface. The valve/baffle is located at the outlet of the catalyst dipleg and comprises a combination valve and catalyst baffle in which the valve/baffle is designed to allow the top surface of the valve/baffle to seat against the dipleg outlet until the weight of the catalyst above the valve/baffle forces it to open. This disclosure also relates to FCC units that include the devices, and FCC methods utilizing the devices.05-03-2012
20100155299FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING SYSTEM AND PROCESS - One exemplary embodiment can be a fluid catalytic cracking system. The system can include a reaction zone, in turn including a reactor receiving, a fluidizing stream, a fuel gas stream, a fluidizable catalyst, a stream having an effective amount of oxygen for combusting the fuel gas stream, and a feed.06-24-2010
20110226668ANCILLARY CRACKING OF HEAVY OILS IN CONJUNCTION WITH FCC UNIT OPERATIONS - The production of light hydrocarbons consisting of ethylene, propylene, butylenes, and of gasoline is enhanced by introducing a heavy oil feedstream derived from an external source into an ancillary downflow reactor that utilizes the same catalyst composition as an adjacent FCC unit for cracking the heavy oil and withdrawing the desired lighter hydrocarbon reaction product stream from the downflow reactor and regenerating the catalyst in the same regeneration vessel that is used to regenerate the spent catalyst from the FCC unit. The efficiency of the recovery of the desired lighter olefinic hydrocarbons is maximized by limiting the feedstream to the downflow reactor to heavy oils that can be processed under relatively harsher conditions, while minimizing production of undesired by-products.09-22-2011
20130213858Catalytic Cracking of Undesirable Components in a Coking Process - Undesirable components of traditional coking processes are selectively cracked or coked in the coking vessel by injecting an additive into the vapors in the coking vessel. The additive contains catalyst(s), seeding agent(s), excess reactant(s), quenching agent(s), carrier(s), or any combination thereof to modify reaction kinetics to preferentially crack (or coke) these undesirable components that typically have a high propensity to coke, and are often precursors to coke in the coking process. These undesirable components can also be very problematic in downstream catalytic cracking processes, significantly contributing to coke on catalyst and catalyst deactivation. Exemplary embodiments of the present invention also provide methods to (1) decrease coke production, (2) increase liquid transportation fuels, (3) control the coke crystalline structure, and (4) control the quantity and quality of volatile combustible materials (VCMs) in the resulting coke. Pet coke from this process may have unique characteristics with substantial utility.08-22-2013
20100187158FCC SEPARATOR WITHOUT A REACTOR - This invention is directed to a process for fluid catalytic cracking, including, fluidizing a hydrocarbon stream in a riser, cracking the hydrocarbon stream with catalyst in the riser to produce a cracked stream and spent catalyst, separating the cracked stream and the spent catalyst in a primary separator to obtain a cracked stream with a first concentration of spent catalyst, and transporting the cracked stream with the first concentration of spent catalyst through a conduit to a multi-cyclone separator comprising multiple cyclones extending through a tube sheet to obtain a cracked stream with a second concentration of spent catalyst. The invention is also directed to an apparatus for catalytic cracking including a riser, a primary separator, a disengagement vessel surrounding the primary separator to collect the catalyst, a gas conduit having a first end in fluid connection with the disengagement vessel, and a multi-cyclone separator comprising a plurality of cyclones.07-29-2010
20100224534Process for Preventing Metal Catalyzed Coking - A process and apparatus is disclosed in which a sulfiding agent is added to a catalytic conversion reactor to prevent metal catalyzed coking. The catalytic reactor may be downstream from a first fluid catalytic cracking reactor that provides C09-09-2010
20100236982Process for Feed Preheating with Flue Gas Cooler - Hydrocarbon feed to a catalytic reactor can be heat exchanged with flue gas from a catalyst regenerator. This innovation enables recovery of more energy from flue gas thus resulting in a lower flue gas discharge temperature. As a result, other hot hydrocarbon streams conventionally used to preheat hydrocarbon feed can now be used to generate more high pressure steam.09-23-2010
20100243529PROCESS FOR CONTACTING HIGH CONTAMINATED FEEDSTOCKS WITH CATALYST IN AN FCC UNIT - An FCC process comprising an enlarged riser section and a distributor in an elevated position and with an opening in its tip away from riser walls may reduce coke build-up along the interior walls of a riser. Catalytic mixing may be improved, which could reduce riser coking by increasing hydrocarbon contact with catalyst before contacting the riser wall. Increasing the distance between the introduction of the hydrocarbon and the riser wall may increase this likelihood for hydrocarbon-catalyst contact. Highly contaminated hydrocarbons cause greater coking than do normal hydrocarbons and this FCC process may be effective in decreasing riser coking on such heavy hydrocarbons.09-30-2010
20100243527DIRECT FEED/EFFLUENT HEAT EXCHANGE IN FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING - Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) processes are described, in which hydroprocessed hydrocarbon streams or other hydrocarbon feed streams having a low coking tendency are subjected to direct heat exchange with the FCC reactor effluent, for example in the FCC main column. The processes operate with sufficient severity such that little or no net FCC main column bottoms liquid (e.g., with a 343° C. (650° F.) distillation cut point) is generated. Regeneration temperatures with the representative low coking tendency feeds are beneficially increased by using an oxygen-enriched regeneration gas stream.09-30-2010
20110056871PROCESS FOR CONTACTING HYDROCARBON FEED AND CATALYST - A process for distributing a deflecting media into an axial center of a riser to push catalyst outwardly toward the feed injectors ensures better contacting between hydrocarbon feed and catalyst.03-10-2011
20110017639SEPARATING AND STRIPPING APPARATUS FOR EXTERNAL FCC RISERS - The present invention provides a compact riser separation system for Fluid Catalytic Cracking reactors possessing an external riser system wherein the riser enters the reactor from outside the reactor vessel.01-27-2011
20090250377Advanced Materials for Regenerative Pyrolysis Reactors, Methods, and Reactors Using the Same - In one aspect, the invention includes an apparatus for pyrolyzing a hydrocarbon feedstock in a regenerative pyrolysis reactor system, the apparatus comprising a regenerative pyrolysis reactor comprising a stabilized refractory grade zirconia in a reactive region of the reactor system. In another aspect, this invention includes a method for pyrolyzing a hydrocarbon feedstock using a reverse flow regenerative pyrolysis reactor comprising the steps of providing a reverse flow regenerative pyrolysis reactor including a stabilized refractory grade zirconia in a heated reaction zone of the reactor; and pyrolyzing a hydrocarbon feedstock within the reactive region.10-08-2009
20110073524Steam cracking process - A steam cracking process is disclosed. The process comprises contacting a liquid hydrocarbon feed with a solid adsorbent to produce a treated feed and cracking the treated feed in a steam cracker to produce olefins and other hydrocarbon products. The process reduces coking in the convection tubes and extends the run length of the cracker.03-31-2011
20090000987PROCESS FOR RECOVERING POWER FROM FCC PRODUCT - Disclosed is a process for recovery power from an FCC product. Gaseous hydrocarbon product from an FCC reactor is heat exchanged with a heat exchange media which is delivered to an expander to generate power. Cycle oil from product fractionation may be added to the gaseous FCC product to wash away coke precursors.01-01-2009
20090242458OXIDATIVE DESULFURIZATION OF FUEL OIL - A method for purifying a sulfur-containing fuel oil comprising (a) contacting in a first reaction mixture the sulfur-containing fuel oil with a water-soluble organic acid and oxygen at a temperature in a range of from about 100° C. to about 250° C., and at a pressure in a range of from about 15 pounds per square inch to about 2500 pounds per square inch to provide a first oxidized mixture, (b) adding water to provide a biphasic mixture comprising a water-rich phase and a fuel oil-rich phase, and (c) separating the water-rich phase from the fuel oil-rich phase to provide a purified fuel oil. In one embodiment, the method may further include an oxidation catalyst. In one embodiment, the method may further include a carbonaceous promoter. In one embodiment, the sulfur-containing fuel oil may be deasphalted before contacting with the water-soluble organic acid.10-01-2009
20110108462High solids catalyst formulation and spry drying - A catalyst composition prepared based on high solids formulation containing a zeolite, a binder precursor, a matrix and a slurring agent and a process for preparing a shaped catalyst product to be used in fluid catalytic cracking process for converting a heavier hydrocarbon fraction into a lighter hydrocarbons, particularly gasoline and light olefins.05-12-2011
20100025295Process for Separating Solids from Gas - A process separates solids from gas in a vessel using cyclones. The cyclones have centers located at different distances from a center of the vessel, but the inlets to the cyclones are located at the same distance from the center to balance the proportions of catalyst fines entering each cyclone.02-04-2010
20110089081PROCESS FOR PRODUCING FUEL FROM PLASTIC WASTE MATERIAL BY USING DOLOMITE CATALYST - A process for producing fuel by cracking a plastics-derived liquid, which is obtained from a pyrolysis process, using a dolomite catalyst. The plastics-derived liquid is produced by the pyrolysis of plastic waste, such as of one or more of polyethylene, polystyrene or polypropylene. The plastic-derived liquid is first subjected to a semi-batch catalytic cracking reaction over a very low cost dolomite catalyst to obtain high quality oil for fuel, which comprises mainly light and heavy naphtha. Moreover, the catalytic cracking reaction is conducted at operating temperatures lower than 320° C.04-21-2011
20110315603SPENT CATALYST RISER DISTRIBUTOR - The present invention relates to an improved design for use in fluid cracking processes, preferably used in either a fluid catalytic cracking (“FCC”) process or a fluid coking process. In particular, the present invention relates to an apparatus and process for improving the separation and distributing spent catalyst and gases in a spent catalyst riser associated with a fluid cracking process, and most preferably for use in a spent catalyst riser associated with an FCC regenerator vessel. A novel catalyst distributor design and associated processes are presented herein which significantly improve combustion in the dense-phase fluidized catalyst bed of a regenerator and results in improved regenerator dense bed combustion and lower migration of oxygen into the regenerator overhead region. As a result, afterburn is significantly reduced in the regenerator and higher catalyst bed temperatures are achieved with significantly more uniform bed temperatures due to the improved combustion characteristics in the dense-phase fluidized catalyst bed.12-29-2011
20110315602RECESSED GAS FEED DISTRIBUTOR PROCESS FOR FCC RISER - An FCC process may include a distributor disposed in a recess in a wall of the riser for distributing gaseous hydrocarbon feed to a riser. The distributor may be shielded from upwardly flowing catalyst by a shield. An array of nozzles from the distributor may extend through openings in the shield.12-29-2011
20110155642FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING PROCESS WITH REDUCED CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION - This invention concerns a fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) process with reduced carbon monoxide emission which modifies the regeneration phase of the spent catalyst by using pure oxygen without the need for dilution when burning coke adhering to the catalyst. In addition, this invention improves the reconditioning stage of the catalyst, incorporating a reconditioner supplementary to a conventional reconditioner which employs nitrogen as a carrier gas in the reconditioning of the already regenerated catalyst.06-30-2011
20120205287Method for Restoring Activity to a Spent Hydroprocessing Catalyst, a Spent Hydroprocessing Catalyst Having Restored Catalytic Activity, and a Hyrdoprocessing Process - A regenerated spent hydroprocessing catalyst treated with a chelating agent and having incorporated therein a polar additive.08-16-2012
20120160741INTEGRATED FCC BIOMASS PYROLYSIS/UPGRADING - Integrating a biomass pyrolysis and upgrading process into a fluid catalytic cracking unit. The process uses conventional FCC feed and a mixture of a solvent and biomass to produce upgraded fuel products. A slurry stream composed of solid biomass particles and a solvent is fed into an FCC riser through a slurry pump to achieve biomass pyrolysis and in situ pyrolysis oil upgrading. The catalytic cracking of the conventional petroleum feed also occurs in the riser.06-28-2012
20090107884STRIPPING APPARATUS AND PROCESS - In an FCC apparatus and process in which swirl arms are used to discharge gas and catalyst from a riser, an anti-swirl plate is disposed in the disengaging vessel to dampen the angular momentum of swirling descending catalyst particles and gases.04-30-2009
20100018898COMPOSITION AND METHODS FOR PREFERENTIALLY INCREASING YIELDS OF ONE OR MORE SELECTED HYDROCARBON PRODUCTS - Methods and compositions to preferentially increase or decrease the yield of at least a selected hydrocarbon product in one or more fluidized units are provided. An embodiment includes: providing a high activity component to a fluidized unit as physically separate and distinct particles in an amount sufficient to preferentially increase the yield of at least a selected hydrocarbon product compared to another hydrocarbon product. Another embodiment includes: providing a high activity component to a fluidized unit as physically separate and distinct particles to preferentially decrease the yield of at least a selected hydrocarbon product compared to another hydrocarbon product. Another method includes: providing at least a high activity component comprising a contaminant inhibitor component to a fluidized unit as physically separate and distinct particles to inhibit the adverse effects of at least a contaminant in a feed stock.01-28-2010
20090020454Reduced elevation catalyst return line for a fluid catalytic cracking unit - The present invention is an improved regenerated catalyst bend assembly for a fluid catalytic cracking unit. In a preferred embodiment, the reduced elevation (“RE-bend” or “REL-bend”) regenerated catalyst return line assembly of the present invention has an outlet elevation that is lower than the inlet elevation of the RE-bend or REL-bend regenerated catalyst return line assembly, and a process for utilizing the assembly in a fluid catalytic cracking unit. The present invention is especially useful in the modification of existing fluid catalytic cracking units to lower the elevation of the outlet of the regenerated catalyst return line assembly, thereby providing needed space to increase the fluid catalytic cracking reactor riser length.01-22-2009
20120298556METHOD AND EQUIPMENT FOR CIRCULATING COOLED REGENERATED CATALYST - A method for circulating a cooled regenerated catalyst comprises the following steps: a regenerated catalyst derived from a regenerator (11-29-2012
20120298555MAGNETIC REMOVAL OF MATERIAL FROM A MIXTURE BASED ON SULFIDED DILUENT IN THE MIXTURE - Methods and apparatus relate to processing of petroleum with a bed having a sorbent based diluent that the petroleum contacts upon passing through the bed. Magnetic properties of the sorbent and any other material, such as zeolite, used in the bed enable separation of such bed constituents based on a sulfided form of the sorbent being magnetic in contrast to a non-sulfided form of the sorbent being non-magnetic. Dividing the bed constituents into first and second portions by magnetic separation facilitates in selective replacing and/or regenerating the first portion independent of the second portion.11-29-2012
20110297584SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROCESSING A CATALYST REGENERATOR FLUE GAS - A system comprising a reactor comprising a hydrocarbon feedstock and a regenerated catalyst under catalytic cracking conditions to yield a cracked reactor product and a spent catalyst, the spent catalyst comprising a hydrocarbon layer; a regenerator comprising a spent catalyst feedstock and an oxygen containing gas feedstock to burn at least a portion of the hydrocarbon layer to regenerate the spent catalyst, the regenerator output comprising a first conduit comprising a regenerated catalyst, and a second conduit comprising a flue gas, the first and second conduits fluidly connected to the reactor; the second conduit fluidly connected to a heated oxygen containing gas source; and a mixing chamber fluidly connected to the second conduit comprising the flue gas.12-08-2011
20120091037FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING PROCESS ADAPTED FOR THE TREATMENT OF FEEDS WITH A LOW CONRADSON CARBON, COMPRISING RECYCLING A COKING CUT EMPLOYING NOVEL TECHNOLOGY - The present invention describes a process for the production of gasoline in a fluid catalytic cracking unit having at least one principal reactor operating using feeds with a low Conradson Carbon and a high hydrogen content, said process comprising recycling a coking cut either to a side chamber branching off the stripper or within the stripper itself by means of a tubular vessel within said stripper.04-19-2012
20110272326PROCESS FOR CATALYTIC CRACKING WITH A RECYCLE OF AN OLEFINIC CUT REMOVED UPSTREAM OF THE GAS SEPARATION SECTION IN ORDER TO MAXIMIZE PROPYLENE PRODUCTION - The present invention describes a process for the production of gasoline and for the co-production of propylene employing a catalytic cracking unit having at least one principal reactor operating in riser mode or in downer mode, processing a conventional heavy feed, and in which the principal reactor further processes a feed primarily constituted by olefinic C4, C5 and C6 cuts introduced upstream or as a mixture with said heavy feed, said olefinic feed deriving from the inter-stage of the wet gas compressor, i.e. upstream of the separation section of the catalytic cracking unit.11-10-2011

Patent applications in class Catalytic

Patent applications in all subclasses Catalytic