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PRODUCTS AND COMPOSITIONS

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208 - Mineral oils: processes and products

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
208015000 Fuels 53
208018000 Lubricating oils 12
208022000 Asphalts, tars, pitches and resins 9
208020000 Waxes 3
20090101542Compositions comprising a fischer-tropsch derived white oil as carrier oil - The present invention relates to a composition comprising a Fischer-Tropsch derived white oil, wherein the Fischer-Tropsch derived white oil has a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of from 1 to 25 mm04-23-2009
20090173662Fischer-Tropsch Wax Composition and Method of Transport - The present invention relates to transportable product for the transportation of paraffinic wax and methods of transporting using this transportable product. The transportable product comprises 90 to 20 weight % of a liquid comprising >50 weight % alcohol and having a true vapor pressure of ≦14.7 psia when measured at 20° C., and 10 to 80 weight % of wax particles, wherein the wax particles comprise ≧75 weight % of wax particles larger than 0.1 mm. The transportable product and methods of transporting according to the present invention are able to accommodate a relatively high weight % of paraffinic wax particles in the transportable product while avoiding interparticle adhesion and clumping by ensuring that the wax particles are not too small and the amount of small wax particles is not excessive.07-09-2009
20080210596PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR CONVERTING NATURAL GAS TO HIGHER MOLECULAR WEIGHT HYDROCARBONS USING MICROCHANNEL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY - The disclosed invention relates to a process and apparatus for converting natural gas to higher molecular weight hydrocarbons. The process includes steam reforming to form synthesis gas followed by a Fischer-Tropsch reaction to convert the synthesis gas to the high molecular weight hydrocarbons. The reforming and Fischer-Tropsch reactions are conducted in microchannel reactors. The higher molecular weight hydrocarbons may be further treated to form hydrocarbon products such as middle distillate fuels, lubricating oils, and the like. The apparatus includes vessels containing SMR microchannel reactors and Fischer-Tropsch microchannel reactors. A composition comprising a mixture of olefins and paraffins is disclosed.09-04-2008
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20110192763CRUDE PRODUCT COMPOSITION - The present invention is directed to a crude composition comprising hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of from 30° C. to 538° C., the crude composition having, per gram of crude composition, from 0.01 grams to 0.2 grams of hydrocarbon having a boiling range distribution of at most 204° C., where benzene comprises at most 0.005 grams per gram of the hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of at most 204° C., and from 0.000001 grams to 0.05 grams of hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of greater than 538° C.08-11-2011
20110192762CRUDE PRODUCT COMPOSITION - A crude product composition is provided comprising hydrocarbons that have a boiling range distribution between about 30° C. and 538° C. (1,000° F.) at 0.101 MPa, the hydrocarbons comprising iso-paraffins and n-paraffins with a weight ratio of the iso-paraffins to n-paraffins of at most 1.4.08-11-2011
20130206642INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR UPGRADING HEAVY OIL - The invention provides an integrated process for processing heavy oil, wherein the integrated process at least comprises: solvent deasphalting is carried out for heavy oil material, and de-oiled asphalt phase is mixed with dispersing agent and then entered a thermal cracking reactor to undergo thermal cracking reactions. Upgraded oil can be obtained through the mixture of the de-asphalted oil and thermal cracking oil separated from thermal cracking reaction products. The solvent and heavy gas oil, which are separated from the thermal cracking reaction products, are respectively recycled back to the solvent deasphalting process as solvent and as mixed feed to remove asphaltene. The integrated process of the present invention solves the problems that solvent is difficult to be separated from asphalt with high softening point in solvent deasphalting process and hard asphalt is difficult to be transported.08-15-2013
20120175285CATALYSTS, PREPARATION OF SUCH CATALYSTS, METHODS OF USING SUCH CATALYSTS, PRODUCTS OBTAINED IN SUCH METHODS AND USES OF PRODUCTS OBTAINED - Method of contacting a hydrocarbon feed with a catalyst that includes one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and/or one or more compounds of one or more metals from Column 6 of the Periodic Table and a support. The support comprises from 0.01 grams to 0.2 gram of silica and from 0.80 grams to 0.99 grams of alumina per gram of support. The catalyst has a surface area of at least 340 m07-12-2012
20100025289COMPOSITION OF MIDDLE DISTILLATE - A middle distillate, comprising hydrocarbons having a boiling range between 150° C. and 350° C., a NMR branching index greater than 60, and a CH02-04-2010
20130087480Removing Amines from Hydrocarbon Streams - Corrosive amine salts in hydrocarbon streams such as desalted crude oil streams can be prevented or avoided by adding certain amine scavenging chemicals to the streams to remove the amines therefrom. Suitable amine scavengers include, but are not necessarily limited to, carboxylic anhydrides and copolymers of carboxylic anhydrides, aromatic anhydrides, isocyanates, polyisocyanates, and epoxides. The non-corrosive reaction products of the amines and/or ammonia with these scavengers are preferably oil-soluble, non-basic and thermally stable. The amine scavengers bind up and react with the amines and/or ammonia to keep them from reacting with materials such as acids (e.g. HCl) to form corrosive amine salts.04-11-2013
20100326880Hydrocarbon Conversion Process Additive and Related Processes - This invention relates to a hydrocarbon conversion process additive and related processes, such as upgrading a heavy hydrocarbon material and making sponge coke. The hydrocarbon conversion process additive works with thermal processes, catalytic processes, or thermal-catalytic processes. The hydrocarbon process conversion additive includes lignin or macromolecular substructures of lignin like para-coumaryl alcohol, coniferyl alcohol, or sinapyl alcohol.12-30-2010
20090301929Catalyst Composition For Hydrocracking and Process of Mild Hydrocracking and Ring Opening - The present invention relates to a catalyst composition for the reaction of hydrocarbons comprising a zeolite with has a faujasite structure and a fibrous zeolite which comprises essentially non-crossing one-dimensional channels. Further, the catalyst composition comprises in a preferred embodiment a metal component selected from metals of the group VIB and VIII of the periodic table of elements and their compounds. The invention relates further to a process for the synthesis of such a catalyst composition and to a process for hydrocracking hydrocarbon feedstocks by using said catalyst composition.12-10-2009
20130062249METHOD FOR PROCESSING HEAVY HYDROCARBON OIL - A process for treating hydrocarbon oil including passing heated oil through a cavitation apparatus to statically induce cavitation treatment of the oil. The oil is passed through the cavitation apparatus in the absence on non-hydrocarbon oil substances such as hydrogen, water or other organic materials and solvents. The cavitation treatment process can increase the API gravity of the hydrocarbon oil and reduce the viscosity of the hydrocarbon oil.03-14-2013
20110011768Process and Apparatus for Converting High Boiling Point Resid to Light Unsaturated Hydrocarbons - A process and apparatus process for preparing a resid-containing hydrocarbon feedstock for use in a regenerative pyrolysis reactor, comprising (a) feeding a resid-containing hydrocarbon feedstock to a thermal cracking unit; (b) thermally cracking at least about 60 wt. % of said resid having a boiling point of at least 565° C. in said hydrocarbon feedstock to form a vapor phase containing cracked hydrocarbons; (c) separating said vapor phase from remaining non-volatiles; and (d) converting the separated vapor phase in a regenerative pyrolysis reactor system.01-20-2011
20130161233BLENDING HYDROCARBON STREAMS TO PREVENT FOULING - A method of reducing the fouling propensity of a hydrocarbon feed stream having a Total Base Number based on ASTM method D2896-11 of less than 150 ppm and/or a P-value according to ASTM method D7060-09 of less than 1.15 which method comprises processing the feed stream such that the product obtained has a calculated Total Base Number of at least 150 ppm, a calculated P-value of at least 1.15 and a calculated Po-value higher than the FRmax of the feed stream, more specifically blending at least two hydrocarbon feed streams to prepare a blend having these properties.06-27-2013
20130161232Processing of Dielectric Fluids with Mobile Charge Carriers - Provided herewith is a novel method of controllably processing a dielectric fluid by creating discharges within the dielectric fluid from mobile charge carriers contained within the dielectric fluid. Generally, the dielectric fluid and the mobile charge carriers are between two electrodes which apply a voltage to the charge carriers. In one embodiment, the dielectric fluid is a hydrocarbon fluid such as a heavy crude oil or a fuel. In one embodiment the charge carrier comprises water droplets. In another embodiment, the mobile charge carriers are metallic balls. In both instances the discharges initiate from the mobile charge carriers.06-27-2013
20090236264Process for Cracking Synthetic Crude Oil-Containing Feedstock - A process for steam cracking liquid hydrocarbon feedstocks containing synthetic crude oil comprises i) hydroprocessing a wide boiling range aliquot containing a) normally liquid hydrocarbon portion substantially free of resids and b) thermally cracked hydrocarbon liquid, boiling in a range from about 600° to about 1050° F., to provide a synthetic crude oil substantially free of resids; ii) adding to the synthetic crude oil a normally liquid hydrocarbon component boiling in a range from about 100° to about 1050° F.; and iii) cracking the mixture resulting from ii) in a cracker furnace comprising a radiant coil outlet to provide a cracked effluent, wherein the cracking is carried out under conditions sufficient to effect a radiant coil outlet temperature which is greater than the optimum radiant coil outlet temperature for cracking the synthetic crude oil separately. A method for upgrading synthetic crude for use in cracking is also provided, as well as a feedstock for cracking.09-24-2009
20090236263Method for Reducing Acids in Crude or Refined Hydrocarbons - Total acid number and/or corrosiveness of a crude or refined hydrocarbon, where the total acid number and/or corrosiveness is due to the presence of acid compounds such as carboxylic acid (naphthenic acid), may be reduced by treating the hydrocarbon with a metallic overbase. The effect of this treatment may be substantially enhanced by the presence of a hydrogen transfer agent. The abstract is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims. 37 CFR 1.72(b)09-24-2009
20110005968Coking Process Additives and Related Processes - This invention relates to coking process additives and, related processes, such as upgrading heavy hydrocarbons, producing petroleum coke and lighter hydrocarbon products, and/or thermally cracking heavy hydrocarbons. The additive includes an anionic clay to increase a liquid product yield. Suitable anionic clays may include hydrotalcite materials and hydrotalcite-like materials.01-13-2011
20110186478PROCESS FOR PRODUCING NEEDLE COKE FOR GRAPHITE ELECTRODE AND STOCK OIL COMPOSITION FOR USE IN THE PROCESS - The invention provides a stock oil composition for needle coke for a graphite electrode, the stock oil composition having a 10 vol % distillation temperature of 280° C. or higher as the distillation property, and when separated into the aromatic component and non-aromatic component by elution chromatography, having an aromatic component content of 30-80 wt % with respect to the total weight of the stock oil composition and an aromatic component molecular weight of 255-1300, as well as a non-aromatic component normal paraffin content of at least 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the aromatic component.08-04-2011
20120024748FLUIDIZED CATALYTIC CRACKING PROCESS - The present invention relates to a fluidized catalytic cracking process for cracking hydrocarbon feed having organo-sulfur compound as an impurity, said process comprising: adding a heavy metal poisoned spent catalyst to an equilibrium catalyst to obtain a composite circulating catalyst, wherein the heavy metal poisoned spent catalyst is added in an amount to maintain the activity of the circulating catalyst; and obtaining a fluidized catalytic cracked product.02-02-2012
20100078355PROCESS TO MANUFACTURE A BASE STOCK AND A BASE OIL MANUFACTURING PLANT - We provide a process to manufacture a base stock, comprising hydrocracking, separating, and dewaxing, wherein the base stock has a ratio of Noack volatility to CCS VIS at −25° C. multiplied by 100 from 0.15 to 0.40. We also provide a base stock made by a process, and a base oil manufacturing plant that produces the base stock.04-01-2010
20100078354170 NEUTRAL BASE OIL WITH IMPROVED PROPERTIES - We provide a base stock comprising hydrocarbons with consecutive numbers of carbon atoms, wherein the base stock has a boiling range from 388 to 538° C., a VI from 105 to less than 120, and a Noack volatility from 6.6 to 11.5 wt % or a CCS VIS at −25° C. from 2500 to 4500 mPa·s. We also provide a base stock slate comprising the base stock and an additional base stock having an additional boiling range from 371 to 496° C., and other properties.04-01-2010
20100078353PROCESS TO MAKE A 110 NEUTRAL BASE OIL WITH IMPROVED PROPERTIES - A process to manufacture a base oil, comprising selecting an original base oil having an original VI, an original volatility, and an original CCS VIS; and removing a lower boiling fraction, whereby the base oil is made having a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. from 4.2 to 4.6 mm04-01-2010
20080210594SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF PRODUCING A CRUDE PRODUCT - The present invention is directed to a crude product composition. The crude product composition has, per gram of crude product: at least 0.001 grams of hydrocarbons with a boiling range distribution of at most 204° C. at 0.101 MPa, at least 0.001 grams of hydrocarbons with a boiling range distribution between about 204° C. and about 300° C. at 0.101 MPa, at least 0.001 grams of hydrocarbons with a boiling range distribution between about 300° C. and about 400° C. at 0.101 MPa, and at least 0.001 grams of hydrocarbons with a boiling range distribution between about 400° C. and about 538° C. at 0.101 MPa. The hydrocarbons that have a boiling range distribution of at most 204° C. comprise iso-paraffins and n-paraffins with a weight ratio of the iso-paraffins to the n-paraffins of at most 1.4.09-04-2008
20090032435Mitigation of refinery process unit fouling using high-solvency-dispersive-power (HSDP) resid fractions - Atmospheric and/or vacuum resid fractions of a high solvency dispersive power (HSDP) crude oil are added to a blend of crude oil to prevent fouling of crude oil refinery equipment and to perform on-line cleaning of fouled refinery equipment. The HSDP resid fractions dissolve asphaltene precipitates and maintain suspension of inorganic particulates before coking affects heat exchange surfaces.02-05-2009
20130118951METHOD FOR PREDICTING CATALYST PERFORMANCE - Disclosed herein is a method involving the steps of: (a) precipitating an amount of polyaromatic compounds from a liquid sample of a first hydrocarbon-containing feedstock having solvated polyaromatic compounds therein with one or more first solvents in a column; (b) determining one or more solubility characteristics of the precipitated polyaromatic compounds; (c) analyzing the one or more solubility characteristics of the precipitated polyaromatic compounds; and (d) correlating a measurement of catalyst activity performance for the first hydrocarbon-containing feedstock sample with a mathematical parameter derived from the results of analyzing the one or more solubility characteristics of the precipitated polyaromatic compounds to predict catalyst performance of a catalyst in a refinery operation of the hydrocarbon-containing feedstock.05-16-2013
20100276334PROCESS FOR CONVERTING GAS INTO LIQUIDS WITH SIMPLIFIED LOGISTICS - The invention concerns a process for converting a stream of natural or associated gas into liquid fractions, comprising: 11-04-2010
20100032340Methods of Deresinating Crude Oils Using Carbon Dioxide - A method of deresinating a crude oil comprises contacting the crude oil with a carbon dioxide containing fluid, the crude oil having an initial API gravity and comprising an oil phase, resins, and asphaltenes, and wherein the carbon dioxide containing fluid enters the oil phase of the crude oil In a manner such that the resins and asphaltenes precipitate out of the crude oil such that the final API gravity of the crude oil is higher than the initial API gravity of the crude oil.02-11-2010
20130213857Solvent Extraction Process for Removal of Naphthenic Acids and Calcium from Low Asphaltic Crude Oil - The present disclosure provides a process for obtaining extracted crude oil (ECO) which is substantially free of naphthenic acids, calcium and other impurities from low asphaltic crude oils or their residue fractions by preferential extraction of saturates using at least one solvent.08-22-2013
20120031810Removing Amines From Hydrocarbon Streams - Corrosive amine salts in hydrocarbon streams such as desalted crude oil streams can be prevented or avoided by adding certain amine scavenging chemicals to the streams to remove the amines therefrom. Suitable amine scavengers include, but are not necessarily limited to, carboxylic anhydrides and copolymers of carboxylic anhydrides, aromatic anhydrides, isocyanates, polyisocyanates, and epoxides. The non-corrosive reaction products of the amines and/or ammonia with these scavengers are preferably oil-soluble, non-basic and thermally stable. The amine scavengers bind up and react with the amines and/or ammonia to keep them from reacting with materials such as acids (e.g. HCl) to form corrosive amine salts.02-09-2012
20100276335DESULFURIZATION OF PETROLEUM STREAMS USING METALLIC SODIUM - In some embodiments, the invention is a method of removing sulfur from a hydrocarbon feed using the steps of dissolving metallic sodium in a first solvent, combining the sodium/first solvent solution with a sulfur-free alkane or cycloalkane second solvent, vaporizing the first solvent from sodium/first solvent/second solvent combination to transfer the dissolved metallic sodium into the second solvent, and then combine the resultant liquid with a liquid hydrocarbon feed containing an organosulfur species. The resulting stream is combined with a hydrogen donor. The combination is heated and pressurized to form a liquid hydrocarbon product containing sodium sulfide. The liquid hydrocarbon product containing sodium sulfide is then cooled, and the sodium sulfide is extracted. The extracted sodium sulfide is then processed in a sodium sulfur cell to regenerate the sodium and recycle it to the feed.11-04-2010
20100300928AQUEOUS COMPOSITIONS FOR ENHANCED HYDROCARBON FLUID RECOVERY AND METHODS OF THEIR USE - Embodiments of the present disclosure include compositions for enhanced oil recovery and methods of using the same. Compositions of the present disclosure include particles of a hydrophobic polymer having constitutional repeating units of which at least 10 percent are hydrolysable and through hydrolysis increase a viscosity of the aqueous composition within a subterranean formation.12-02-2010
20110005969COMPOSITIONS AND PROCESSES FOR FRACTURING SUBTERRANEAN FORMATIONS - The present invention is directed to novel additives packages, to fluid compositions including the additives, to methods of using the fluid compositions and the additives package, to methods of recovering hydrocarbons, and to petroleum products made from hydrocarbons derived from these methods. The novel additives packages may be used in a fluid composition for fracturing a subterranean. The additives package of the present invention include one or more gelling agents; one or more cross-linking agent; and one or more high temperature stabilizers; wherein the additives package further comprises one or more ingredients selected from the group consisting of a clay stabilizer, a metallic base, a cross-link retarder, and a gel breaker, and any combination thereof; and wherein the additives package optionally includes a diluent.01-13-2011
20090152164Additives to Enhance Metal and Amine Removal in Refinery Desalting Processes - It has been discovered that metals and/or amines can be removed or transferred from a hydrocarbon phase to a water phase in an emulsion breaking process by using a composition that contains water-soluble hydroxyacids. Suitable water-soluble hydroxyacids include, but are not necessarily limited to glycolic acid, gluconic acid, C06-18-2009
20110210043CRUDE PRODUCT COMPOSITION - A crude product composition is provided. The crude product composition contains from 0.001 wt. % to 5 wt. % residue. The crude product composition contains hydrocarbons having a boiling point in the ranges of at most 204° C., from 204° C. to 300° C., from 300° C. to 400° C., and from 400° C. to 538° C. The hydrocarbons boiling in a range of at most 204° C. comprise paraffins, where the paraffins comprise iso-paraffins and n-paraffins, and the weight ratio of iso-paraffins to n-paraffins is at most 1.4.09-01-2011
20110240517Treated oils having reduced densities and viscosities - A treated oil, such as a treated heavy oil, which has a viscosity which is lower than the viscosity of the oil prior to the treatment thereof (i.e., the initial oil). The temperature at which 80 mass % of the treated oil has boiled is within 25° C. of temperature at which 80 mass % of the oil prior to the treatment thereof has boiled. Thus, the treated oil and the oil prior to the treatment thereof, have distillation curves or boiling point curves which are the same as or approximate to each other.10-06-2011
20100264060PROCESS FOR REMOVAL OF CONTAMINANTS IN OIL - A process for removing color contaminants and non-color contaminants from oil comprising the step of passing an oil feed through a permeable transition metal oxide membrane, wherein said oil that has passed through said transition metal oxide membrane has less color contaminants and non-color contaminants relative to said oil feed.10-21-2010
20110174681HYDROCARBON COMPOSITION - A hydrocarbon composition is provided containing:07-21-2011
20080314796Treated oils having reduced densities and viscosities - A treated oil, such as a treated heavy oil, which has a viscosity which is lower than the viscosity of the oil prior to the treatment thereof (i.e., the initial oil). The temperature at which 80 mass % of the treated oil has boiled is within 25° C. of temperature at which 80 mass % of the oil prior to the treatment thereof has boiled. Thus, the treated oil and the oil prior to the treatment thereof, have distillation curves or boiling point curves which are the same as or approximate to each other.12-25-2008
20110259791PROCESS FOR TREATING A HEAVY HYDROCARBON FEEDSTOCK TO REDUCE ITS VISCOSITY - A process for reducing the viscosity a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising: supplying the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock and elemental sulphur to a reaction zone and reacting, in the liquid phase, at a temperature in the range of from 300 to 750° C., a part of the heavy hydrocarbon feedstock with the elemental sulphur to form a reaction mixture comprising heavy hydrocarbon stream, carbon disulphide and hydrogen sulphide, followed by cooling the reaction mixture to provide treated heavy hydrocarbon stream comprising carbon disulphide. The invention also concerns products obtainable by the above process, as well as its use in pipeline transportation.10-27-2011
20110186477HYDROCARBON COMPOSITION - A hydrocarbon composition is provided containing:08-04-2011
20110108456Additives to Enhance Metal and Amine Removal in Refinery Desalting Processes - It has been discovered that metals and/or amines can be removed or transferred from a hydrocarbon phase to a water phase in an emulsion breaking process by using a composition that contains water-soluble hydroxyacids. Suitable water-soluble hydroxyacids include, but are not necessarily limited to glycolic acid, gluconic acid, C05-12-2011
20100025290Dispersions Of Polymer Oil Additives - The invention relates to dispersions comprising I) at least one polymer that is effective for mineral oils as a cold extrusion improver and is soluble in oil, II) at least one organic solvent that cannot be mixed with water, III) water, IV) at least one alkanolamine salt of a polycyclic carboxylic acid as a dispersing agent, and V) possibly at least one organic solvent that can be mixed with water.02-04-2010
20100147739ADDITION OF HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT NAPHTHENIC TETRA-ACIDS TO CRUDE OILS TO REDUCE WHOLE CRUDE OIL FOULING - High molecular weight naphthenic tetra-acids are added to a base crude oil to prevent and/or reduce fouling of crude oil refinery equipment. The method includes adding an effective amount of a high molecular weight naphthenic tetra-acid to the base crude oil to form a crude oil mixture and feeding the crude oil mixture to a crude oil refinery component. Particularly, the high molecular weight naphthenic tetra-acids include ARN acids.06-17-2010
20120043256Method of Injecting Solid Organic Acids Into Crude Oil - Solid organic acids may be introduced into hydrocarbon solvents to form dispersions; the dispersions in turn may be introduced into crude oil. A wash water may be added to the crude oil to create an emulsion. The organic acids may transfer metals and/or amines from a hydrocarbon phase into an aqueous phase in an electrostatic desalter which resolves the emulsion into the two phases. Suitable solid organic acids include, but are not necessarily limited to, C2-C4 alpha hydroxyacids, such as, but not necessarily limited to, glycolic acid, malic acid, maleic acid, malonic acid, succinic acid and even sulfamic acid, chloroacetic acid, thiomalic acid, including esters of, polymers of, amine salts of, alkali metal salts of, and/or ammonium salts of all of these acids.02-23-2012
20120006720Method for upgrading FT synthesis oil, and mixed crude oil - A method for upgrading a synthesis oil synthesized by the Fisher-Tropsch synthesis reaction, the method includes: a hydroisomerization step of hydroisomerizing the synthesis oil to remove alcohols and olefins, and converting at least a portion of normal paraffins with a carbon number of 5 or more into isoparaffins to obtain a hydroisomerized synthesis oil; a crude oil mixing step of mixing the hydroisomerized synthesis oil with a crude oil to obtain a mixed crude oil; a mixed crude oil transferring step of transferring the mixed crude oil to a crude oil distillation unit of a refinery; and a mixed crude oil refining step of processing the transferred mixed crude oil in petroleum refining facilities of the refinery including at least the crude oil distillation unit.01-12-2012
20120012503PROCESS FOR TREATING A HEAVY HYDROCARBON FEEDSTOCK AND A PRODUCT OBTAINED THEREFROM - A process for treating a heavy hydrocarbon feedstock is disclosed. The process involves separating the feedstock into a residue component and a light component, the residue component having a lower API gravity than the light component and treating at least a portion of the light component to produce a synthetic transport diluent suitable for combining with at least a portion of the residue component to produce a product which meets applicable criteria for pipeline transport.01-19-2012
20100096295MICROWAVE PROCESSING OF OIL SHALE AND COAL - The present invention provides methods and systems for obtaining oil or a combustible gas from oil shale or coal, by subjecting oil shale or coal to microwave radiation for a time sufficient to at least partially decompose or extract oil, gas, or other carbon-containing materials from the oil shale and coal. The disclosed processes and systems use microwave radiation comprising at least one frequency component in the range of from about 4 GHz to about 18 GHz.04-22-2010
20120160737PROCESS - The present invention provides a process for simultaneously extracting and upgrading a heavy hydrocarbon mixture, said process comprising: i) injecting supercritical or near-supercritical CO06-28-2012
20120160736PROCESSES AND SYSTEMS FOR CHARACTERIZING AND BLENDING REFINERY FEEDSTOCKS - A method for characterizing and optimizing refinery feedstock blends according to their corrosivity is provided. Refinery feedstocks can be characterized based on any of: dissociation of acids in the crude, breakup of naphthenic acid molecular associations, mass changes of carbon steel samples, and/or dissociation of sulfur compounds in the feedstocks. The characterization is performed as a function of temperature via any of electrical resistivity measurement, vibrational spectroscopic analysis, voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, crystal microbalance measurements of weight changes, and combinations thereof. The method employs models and/or hardware to optimize the usage of refinery feedstocks in the blending and valuation of the feedstocks.06-28-2012
20120132564PROCESS FOR REMOVING ORGANIC ACIDS FROM CRUDE OIL AND CRUDE OIL DISTILLATES - The present invention relates to a process for the removal of organic acids, particularly naphthenic acids, from crude oils and crude oil distillates by use of a supported basic ionic liquid in a mass ratio of crude oil and/or crude oil distillate and ionic liquid of from greater than 40:1, the basic ionic liquid comprises a basic anion selected from serinate, prolinate, histidinate, threoninate, valinate, asparaginate, taurinate and lysinate.05-31-2012
20120132563Increasing Distillates Yield in Low Temperature Cracking Process by Using Nanoparticles of Solid Acids - Solid acid nanoparticles are added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation. According to one aspect, nanoparticles of a solid acid of a characteristic particle size are added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation. According to another aspect, nanoparticles of a solid acid are added to crude oil in a characteristic concentration before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation. According to another aspect, nanoparticles of two or more solid acids are mixed and added to crude oil before initial distillation in order to increase the yield of light hydrocarbons obtained during initial distillation.05-31-2012
20110186479CRUDE PRODUCT COMPOSITION - The present invention is directed to a crude product composition comprising hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of from 30° C. to 538° C., the crude product composition having, per gram of crude product composition, from 0.01 grams to 0.2 grams of hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of at most 204° C., where olefins comprise at least 0.02 grams per gram of the hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of at most 204° C., and from 0.000001 grams to 0.05 grams of hydrocarbons having a boiling range distribution of greater than 538° C.08-04-2011
20100051507HYDROCARBON-SOLUBLE MOLYBDENUM CATALYST PRECURSORS AND METHODS FOR MAKING SAME - Hydrocarbon-soluble molybdenum catalyst precursors include a plurality of molybdenum cations that are each bonded with a plurality of organic anions to form an oil soluble molybdenum salt. A portion of the molybdenum atoms are in the 3+ oxidation state such that the plurality of molybdenum atoms has an average oxidation state of less than 4+, e.g., less than about 3.8+, especially less than about 3.5+. The catalyst precursors can form a hydroprocessing molybdenum sulfide catalyst in heavy oil feedstocks. The oil soluble molybdenum salts are manufactured in the presence of a reducing agent, such as hydrogen gas, to obtain the molybdenum in the desired oxidation state. Preferably the reaction is performed with hydrogen or an organic reducing agent and at a temperature such that the molybdenum atoms are reduced to eliminate substantially all molybdenum oxide species.03-04-2010
20100181228PROCESS FOR PRODUCING PETROLEUM COKE - A process is provided for producing petroleum coke that is high in strength and sufficiently small in thermal expansion coefficient and sufficiently suppressed from puffing. The process includes coking a feedstock containing a first heavy oil having a sulfur content of 1.0 percent by mass or less, a nitrogen content of 0.5 percent by mass or less, and an aromatic index of 0.1 or greater, produced by hydrodesulfurizing a heavy oil with a sulfur content of 1 percent by mass or more under conditions (1) where the total pressure is 10 MPa or greater and less than 16 MPa and the hydrogen partial pressure is 5 MPa or greater and 16 MPa or less or conditions (2) where the total pressure is 20 MPa or greater and 25 MPa or less and the hydrogen partial pressure is greater than 20 MPa and 25 MPa or less, and a second heavy oil with an aromatic index of 0.3 or greater and an initial boiling point of 150° C. or higher.07-22-2010
20110120908HYDROCONVERSION PROCESS FOR HEAVY AND EXTRA HEAVY OILS AND RESIDUALS - A hydroconversion process includes feeding a heavy feedstock containing vanadium and/or nickel, a catalyst emulsion containing at least one group 8-10 metal and at least one group 6 metal, hydrogen and an organic additive to a hydroconversion zone under hydroconversion conditions to produce an upgraded hydrocarbon product and a solid carbonaceous material containing the group 8-10 metal, the group 6 metal, and the vanadium and/or nickel.05-26-2011
20110036750COMPOSITION COMPRISING PEROXYGEN AND SURFACTANT COMPOUNDS AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME - The present invention relates generally to an additive composition for dissolving hydrocarbons. The composition includes a peroxygen compound and surfactant compounds.02-17-2011
20120298551FISCHER-TROPSCH CATALYST ACTIVATION PROCEDURE - A Fischer-Tropsch catalyst activation system including separation apparatus configured for separating a product gas comprising primarily hydrogen from a gas stream comprising hydrogen, an activation reactor fluidly connected with the separation apparatus via an activation gas inlet line whereby the product gas may be introduced into the activation reactor, and a circulation loop fluidly connecting a gas outlet of the activation reactor with the activation gas inlet line or with another gas inlet of the activation reactor and fluidly connecting the activation reactor with one or more apparatus configured for removal of H11-29-2012
20120248007Wet-End Manufacturing Process for Bitumen-Impregnated Fiberboard - A process for manufacturing fiberboard by preparing a fiber slurry mixture including containing cellulose fibers and water then atomizing a liquid bituminous material, such as asphalt. The liquid bituminous material is atomized by mixing it with a pressurized gas, such as compressed air, forming a mist comprising droplets of bituminous material having a diameter between 20 microns and 50 microns. A water spray solidifies the bituminous material droplets thereby forming bituminous particles which fall into the fiber slurry within the spray chamber. From there the slurry is sheared, dewatered, and dried, forming a finished fiberboard.10-04-2012
20110272325FORMULATIONS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING HYDROCARBONS FROM SURFACES - The invention provides formulations for facilitating the removal of oil from a surface using a chisel composition, wherein the chisel composition includes a polymer having one or more binding points with a high affinity for the surface, and one or more hydrophilic segments that form a hydrophilic coating on the surface, rendering the surface water-wet and thereby facilitating the removal of oil from the surface. The invention also provides for methods of use of such formulations.11-10-2011

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