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Water, sewage, or other waste water

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205 - Electrolysis: processes, compositions used therein, and methods of preparing the compositions


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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
205743000 With control responsive to sensed condition 28
205746000 Using membrane 27
205755000 With mixing, agitating, or gas-liquid contacting 14
205751000 With filtering 12
205744000 With programmed, cyclic, or time responsive control 12
205758000 Using porous electrode (e.g., perforated, etc.) 6
205759000 Using coated electrode (e.g., having electrocatalytic coating, etc.) 5
20120175272METHOD OF STERILIZING WATER - A method of sterilizing water that includes: immersing at least one electrode unit having a negative electrode within a container and a positive electrode within the container, the positive electrode separated from and facing the negative electrode, wherein the negative electrode has a plurality of negative electrode projections thereon, and the positive electrode has a plurality of positive electrode projections thereon, each positive electrode projection arranged to face and be aligned with each negative electrode projection one by one; and, supplying direct current by at least one power supply to the electrode unit immersed under the water.07-12-2012
20080314764Method for the Electrochemical Decoloration of Indigo-Containing Aqueous Dispersions - The present invention relates to a process for electrochemical decolorization of indigo-containing aqueous dispersions by direct anodic oxidation on diamond-coated silicon anodes.12-25-2008
20090314656METHOD OF PURIFYING WATER AND APPARATUS THEREFOR - A method of purifying cooling water which requires the lowest maintenance and management cost without the need for a cumbersome cleaning operation for removing scale in an electrolytic purifying vessel by taking out the electrodes from the electrolytic purifying vessel, and an apparatus therefor are provided. In the method of purifying cooling water by applying a DC voltage across opposing electrodes while flowing water to be treated therebetween, so that ions in the water are electrically precipitated on the surfaces of the negative electrodes, thereby purifying the water to be treated, titanium is used as the positive electrodes, aluminum or an aluminum alloy is used as the negative electrodes, electric current is flown between the electrodes in an amount large enough to apply a voltage capable of dielectrically breaking down an anodically oxidized film formed on the surfaces of the positive electrodes, and the scale generated and adhered on the negative electrodes is automatically peeled off and removed by electrolytic corrosion of the negative electrodes.12-24-2009
20090071845COATING PLANT COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE PRE-TREATMENT UNIT - A coating installation, comprising at least one apparatus for pretreating the substrates to be coated (pretreatment installation), at least one apparatus for coating the substrate with coating substances (coating apparatus), and at least one apparatus for drying and hardening the applied coating substances (hardening apparatus), wherein at least one of the pretreatment installations comprises at least one arrangement for the anodic oxidation of the deionized, i.e. fully de-mineralized, water used in the pretreatment installation with at least one electrode, the electrode having a layer (03-19-2009
20120037512ELECTRODES FOR ELECTROLYSIS OF WATER - Electrodes for electrolysis of water, for encouraging growth of algae and aerobic bacteria, for removing suspended solids from wastewater during treatment, or for rendering water sterile and potable have a concrete coating over a metallic or carbon fibre core. The coating is from 2 to 50 mm thick; preferably 5 to 25 mm thick. Preferably, a DC current passed between the immersed electrodes periodically reversed but there is no visible “rusting” at the anode if the DC current is steady. The resistive nature of the concrete tends to suppress concentrations of current upon the electrode surface.02-16-2012
205753000 Using particle bed 4
20100326841MOVING ELECTRODE ELECTROFLOCCULATION PROCESS - The present invention provides a high volume, foul-resistant electrolytic process for treating contaminated water comprising at least one upflow electroflocculation cell consisting of (i) a lower (or “bottom”) electrode (12-30-2010
20110120888METHOD FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF LIQUID STREAMS - A method for electrochemical modification of liquid streams employing an electrolytic cell which utilizes an oxidation site defined by an anode, an anode compartment comprising liquid electrolyte anolyte where oxidation is effected, a cathode compartment comprising liquid electrolyte catholyte where reduction is effected, a cathode comprising conducting cathode particulates forming a cathode particulates bed and a current feeder device in at least intermittent contact with said cathode particulates where the cathode particulates are in motion and the particulates motion is substantially independent of bulk electrolyte flow, a separator which confines the cathode particulates to the cathode compartment, constrains electrolyte flow through the cathode particulates bed and permits ionic conduction of current between the anode and cathode, a cathode particulates conveyance system that manipulates cathode particulates motion. A separate system circulates the liquid undergoing modification through the electrolytic cell. An unidirectional current driving system drives unidirectional electric current supported by the liquid streams from the anode through the anolyte and the separator and into the catholyte and to the cathode particulates and to the current feeder device during the contact between the cathode particulates and the current feeder device.05-26-2011
20120247974PROCESS FOR SEWAGE WATER PURIFICATION - Process and apparatus to remove colloids and nitrogen compounds from contaminated water by coagulating the colloids and separating them from the water. The water is then continuously oxidized with chlorine electrolytically to destroy the nitrogen compounds.10-04-2012
20110180424WATER PURIFICATION USING CONVEYOR SWEEP - Process and apparatus to remove colloids and nitrogen compounds from contaminated water by coagulating the colloids and separating them from the water. The solids are floated by sparging and then the floating solids are swept from the surface of the water into an exit port using a conveyor from which downwardly depending flaps skim or near the surface, thus sweeping the floating floc into the exit port.07-28-2011
205760000 Using electrode containing precious metal or free carbon (e.g, insoluble electrode, etc.) 4
20090014337Electrochemical Nitrate Destruction - Devices and methods are presented for removal and destruction of nitrate from water using an ion exchange medium from which the nitrate is eluted using brine, and in which the so generated eluent is sequentially reduced and oxidized in distinct compartments to form nitrogen from nitrate and ammonia, respectively. In especially preferred devices and methods, the reduced and oxidized eluent is re-reduced to electrochemically destroy hypohalites formed during oxidation. Among other advantages, contemplated devices and methods allow nitrate destruction with minimal concomitant production of nitrite and hypohalites.01-15-2009
20100126879Solid Electrode - The present invention provides a solid diamond electrode, a reactor, in particular a reactor comprising an anode, a cathode and at least one bipolar electrode having first and second major working surfaces positioned therebetween wherein the at least one bipolar electrode consists essentially of diamond, and methods in which the reactors are used.05-27-2010
205745000 Internal battery action 2
20100133114BIOFILM DETERRENCE IN WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS - Means and methods for deterring biofilm in water supply systems, comprising at least one insoluble proton sink or source (PSS). The means and methods for deterring biofilm is provided useful for killing living target cells (LTCs), or otherwise disrupting vital intracellular processes and/or intercellular interactions of the LTC upon contact. The PSS comprises, inter alia, (i) proton source or sink providing a buffering capacity; and (ii) means providing proton conductivity and/or electrical potential. The PSS is effectively disrupting the pH homeostasis and/or electrical balance within the confined volume of the LTC and/or disrupting vital intercellular interactions of the LTCs while efficiently preserving the pH of the LTCs' environment.06-03-2010
20110042235Process and Equipment for the Oxidation of Organic Matter - The present invention relates to an oxidation process for organic matter and the kit for carrying out said process, in particular for the treatment of waste, effluent and sewage sludge.02-24-2011
205761000 Using electrode containing ferrous metal 1
20080223731Advanced Electro-Coagulation Device And Process Of Using The Same For Wastewater Treatment - The present invention provides an electrocoagulation device for drinking water and wastewater treatment by electro-coagulation and electro-catalytic precipitation principles. The invented device comprises a number of electrolysis cells formed by round-shaped electrode plates through which the raw water and waste water passes. A low DC voltage of 5 to 15 volts is applied to the cells. In addition, an electrode surface activator unit is provided to eliminate or minimize the passivation of the electrode plates. All types of impurities, including suspended solids, sub-micron particles, dissolved matters, dissolved minerals (including heavy metals and colloidal compounds), oil, grease, organic compounds and algae are converted to flocculants, water and carbon dioxide by the device. Micro-organisms and bacteria (pathogens) will be effectively killed at up to 99.99%. The invented device is capable of continuous operation.09-18-2008
20100084283CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION AND CAPTURE - A process to convert carbon dioxide into a stable substance with electrolytically activated seawater and use this process to sequester carbon dioxide from coal power plants (04-08-2010
20110192730ELECTROCOAGULATION FOR REMOVAL OF DISSOLVED ORGANICS FROM WATER - A method of reducing naphthenic acids in a wastewater stream. The method begins by processing the wastewater stream to produce a treated wastewater stream with an electrocoagulation device to induce flocculation of the naphthenic acids. The reduction of the naphthenic acids in the wastewater stream occurs from separating flocculated naphthenic acids to produce the treated wastewater stream.08-11-2011
20100116686THREE PHASE ELECTROCOAGULATION EFFLUENT TREATMENT APPARATUS AND METHODS - Electrocoagulation effluent treatment apparatus and methods are disclosed, the apparatus including a primary electrocoagulation reactor chamber having treatment electrodes maintained therein and an effluent inlet and treated effluent outlet. An integrated flotation chamber is located above the reaction chamber, a vacuum device connectable with a vacuum source being received in the flotation chamber and including a foam intake and an output. A sludge chamber is defined below and integrated with the primary reaction chamber and has a settled sludge output.05-13-2010
20090120805Use of an anode for elimination or reduction of microbial impurities in liquids - The present invention relates to the use of an anode suitable for use in inter alia a reactor for elimination or reduction of microbial impurities from liquids, such as inter alia waste water and water intended for human or animal consumption. The anode comprises an expanded metal plate, preferably titanium, covered with a non-corrosive metal layer, preferably a platinum layer. The surface of the anode is endowed with dents, which enhances the electrochemical effect between the anode and the corresponding cathode and thereby enhances the microbial effect and at the same time reduces the energy required to obtain an efficient kill of the microorganisms.05-14-2009
20100116688APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CREATING BIOACTIVE SOLUTION - A biocide solution containing hypochlorous acid, hydrochlorous acid, hydrochloric acid, percholoric acid, chlorine gas, hydrogen peroxide and ozone provides broad spectrum biocidal properties as well as an apparatus for producing the solution.05-13-2010
20090159459Electrochemical Recovery of Arsenic - Contemplated devices and methods for arsenic recovery employ a two-step process in which an arsenite and arsenate-containing solution is first subjected to a non-electrochemical reduction that reduces arsenate and arsenite. The arsenate-depleted arsenite-containing solution is the subjected to electrochemical reduction at alkaline pH using a cathode with a high-surface carbon portion. Most preferably, the treated solution is then used as eluent for an adsorbent that removed arsenate and arsenite from a water supply.06-25-2009
20130081957METHOD FOR TREATING LIQUIDS WITH WAVE ENERGY FROM AN ELECTRICAL ARC - A method for treating a liquid using an apparatus includes: (a) a pump volute or hydrocyclone head having an inlet, and a throat having an outlet and a central axis, (b) a tank connected to the second opening of the throat, wherein the tank has a maximum inner diameter that is larger than an inner diameter of the outlet of the throat, and (d) a wave energy source having a first electrode within the pump volute or hydrocyclone head that extends through the outlet of the throat along the central axis, and a second electrode within the tank that is spaced apart and axially aligned with first electrode along the central axis. The method includes the steps of providing the above-described apparatus, supplying the liquid to the inlet of the pump volute or hydrocyclone head, and irradiating the liquid with one or more wave energies produced by the wave energy source.04-04-2013
20130081956SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR ELECTROCOAGULATION FLUID TREATMENT - A system for electrocoagulation fluid treatment having a tubular member with a plurality of electrocoagulation assemblies disposed therein. The assemblies having a first and second conductive plate that are angularly oriented in relation to one another. A non-conductive block is positioned between the plates to stabilize and orient them within the tubular member. The conductive plates may be provided with alternating negative and positive charges to combat corrosion.04-04-2013
20100006450DIAMOND ELECTRODE - An electrode comprising an electrically conducting diamond plate wherein the diamond plate comprises at least one elongate aperture and having an aperture edge length per unit working area of the diamond plate of greater than about 4 mm/mm01-14-2010
20090095638SOIL AND GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A system and process for remediation of a contaminated environment such as soil and groundwater is disclosed. The system includes a hydrogen generation device that produces hydrogen gas, oxygen gas and a hydrogen-water mixture. The hydrogen-water mixture is injected under pressure into the contaminated environment to stimulate anaerobic decomposition of the contaminating materials such as halogenated hydrocarbons. The oxygen gas is also injected into portions of the contaminated environment containing non-chlorinated hydrocarbons to promote aerobic decomposition.04-16-2009
20130062219WATER TREATMENT APPARATUS AND STERILIZING AND CLEANSING METHOD THEREOF - A water treatment apparatus capable of sterilizing a storage tank and a sterilizing and cleansing method thereof are disclosed. The water treatment apparatus includes: a filter unit purifying raw water; a storage tank connected to the filter unit and storing purified water which has been filtered through the filter unit; an electrolytic sterilizer installed between the filter unit and the storage tank, electrolyzing only purified water which has been filtered through at least a portion of the filter unit to generate sterilization water, and supplying the sterilization water to the storage tank; a drain unit connected to the storage tank and discharging water accommodated in the storage tank; and a control unit controlling a water purification mode of the filter unit and a sterilization mode through the electrolytic sterilizer and the drain unit.03-14-2013
20110297552WASTEWATER TREATMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD - An apparatus (12-08-2011
20090026089SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SPLITTING WATER - The present invention relates to a system and a method for cleaving water by means of hyperpolarisation, the system comprising a first electrode and at least one additional electrode; at least one porous ferroelectric layer arranged between the first and the additional electrode; as well as an AC voltage or pulsed DC voltage source. With the method according to the present invention it is possible to cleave the water economically into hydrogen and oxygen and obtain gases for technical purposes.01-29-2009
20110290666METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REMOVING SELENIUM FROM WATER - Methods of and apparatuses for removing selenium from water. Sulfates and organics are first removed to discourage such materials from overwhelming subsequent processing of water to remove selenium.12-01-2011
20080296173Electrolysis transistor - An electrolysis transistor for providing high-density electrochemistry and products utilizing the same, and high-efficiency electrolysis and electrochemical processes is disclosed. The electrolysis transistor may comprise an electrolyte, one or more working electrodes for transferring charge to or from said electrolyte, and one or more gate structures for altering electrode over-voltage and modifying the barrier at the electrode-electrolyte interface, reducing the voltage necessary for electrolysis. An electrochemical or photo-electrochemical cell may incorporate one or more of these electrolysis transistors.12-04-2008
20120024720WATER TREATMENT METHOD - A method for sanitization of water in a swimming pool or the like comprises the steps of forming, in the pool water, an electrolyte solution containing from 1500 ppm to 9000 ppm of a soluble magnesium halide salt, treating the electrolyte solution in en electrolytic halogenation cell to form an aqueous solution of hypohalous acid and then returning the water so treated back to a swimming pool. A mixture of magnesium and potassium chlorides with small quantities of soluble alkaline earth metal bromide is particularly effective in the sanitization process.02-02-2012
20090145774Novel Sonoelectrolysis for Metal Removal - A process for removal of heavy metals at contamination level (50-500 mg/L) using ultrasonic energy and electrolysis, as a measure to decontaminate industrial waste, is described.06-11-2009
20090095639METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NEUTRALIZING ELECTROCHEMICALLY ACTIVATED LIQUIDS - A method and apparatus are provided for reducing an oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) of an electrochemically activated liquid. The ORP is reduced by emitting ions from an ion generator into the electrochemically activated liquid, wherein the ions have a charge polarity that is opposite to the ORP of the liquid.04-16-2009
20090277804ELECTROCHEMICAL SEPARATION OF [18F] FLUORIDE FROM [180] WATER - A method of electrochemically separating [11-12-2009
20120292202COMPOSITION AND METHODS FOR ELECTROLYTIC SWIMMING POOL CHLORINATION SYSTEMS - The present disclosure relates generally to chloride salt compositions and methods for use in electrolytic pool chlorination systems comprising an water soluble chloride salt and an anti-caking additive that facilitates the rapid dissolution and dispersion of the salt in the pool without causing the detrimental effects to the water, pool, or chlorinator systems associated with other commonly used anti-caking agents.11-22-2012
20110198234METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING SEAWATER INTO CAUSTIC SODA AND FRESH WATER BY USING GREEN ENERGY - A method and apparatus are developed for separating the seawater into the caustic soda and fresh water by using green energy. The apparatus includes a water reservoir, a watercourse connected to one side of the water reservoir to flow the seawater through, positive and negative electrodes provided at the opposite sides of water reservoir and watercourse to electrolyze. At one side of the watercourse, the power is supplied to the electrodes, a solar light and a running water power generation are arranged for generating and supplying the electric power to the power supply. An evaporation tower evaporates the soda-containing water to separate caustic soda and fresh water from the water by electricity of vapor turbine generator. Thus, the present apparatus is capable to reduce the product cost of the fresh water and caustic soda, while it is preventing emission of the carbon dioxide from burning the fossil fuels without supplying the external power.08-18-2011
20080289972Method of Purifying an Aqueous Solution - Method of purifying an aqueous solution comprising iodide, calcium and magnesium ions, according to which in a first step the solution is alkalized in order to precipitate calcium and magnesium, which are separated out, and in a second step the aqueous solution from the separation is oxidized in order to oxidize the iodide ions to iodine that is removed over a basic halogenated anion exchange resin, the exchange resin being regenerated by using a portion of the aqueous solution from the separation.11-27-2008
20080257753Grey Water Filtering System - A method for filtering grey water for recycling includes passing grey water to be filtered through a filter assembly, including a support mesh or blanket holding a sedimentary material produced by electrolysis of sea water. A filter assembly can include a perforated filter plate and at least one mesh or blanket member supported by the filter plate which holds a sedimentary material produced by electrolysis of sea water.10-23-2008
20090026088WATER TREATMENT DEVICE AND WATER TREATMENT METHOD - Provided is a water treatment device which efficiently removes an oxidant from water to be treated. The water treatment device according to the present invention includes: a fiber electrode; a first electrode which is disposed downstream in a flow path for the water to be treated and is connected to the fiber electrode, and which is applied with a negative potential; a second electrode which is disposed apart from the fiber electrode and upstream of the first electrode in the flow path, and which is applied with a positive potential; and supplying means which applies the negative and positive potentials to the first electrode and the second electrode, respectively. Such a configuration allows the oxidant represented by hypochlorous acid to be removed from the water to be treated.01-29-2009
20100200426APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PHASE SEPARATION OF LIQUIDS AND SOLIDS - An improved nutrient separator for separating various solid components from liquid manure includes two coaxial containers that communicate at the bottom and provide for separate extraction of the solid manure components and liquids. The phase separator includes an outer container having a partially open frusto-conical bottom and an open top and an inner container being concentric with and contained within the outer container and having an open bottom communicating with the outer container's bottom. A space is formed between the outer container's inner side walls and the inner container's outer side walls. The separator also includes means for continuously transferring liquid manure into the inner container, means for adding a flocculant material into the inner container, means for stirring the flocculant material in the liquid manure contained in the inner container, means for conditioning the liquid manure to enhance phase separation of liquids and solid manure components from the liquid manure, settling of the separated solid manure components through the inner container's bottom into the outer container's bottom and accumulating of the separated liquids in the space, means for extracting the settled solid manure components from the outer container's bottom and means for extracting the separated liquids from the space's top.08-12-2010
20100200425ELECTROLYZED WATER MANUFACTURING DEVICE, ELECTROLYZED WATER MANUFACTURING METHOD, AND ELECTROLYZED WATER - Disclosed is an electrolyzed water manufacturing method and electrolyzed water manufacturing device capable of producing efficiently weakly acidic through weakly alkaline electrolyzed water, and capable of producing said electrolyzed water on a large scale. The electrolyzed water manufacturing device 08-12-2010
20100163428PROCESSES AND APPARATUSES FOR TREATING AND/OR INCREASING DRYNESS OF A SUBSTANCE - There are provided apparatuses for increasing dryness of a substance. The apparatuses comprise at least one module, each of the module(s) comprising at least two electrodes adapted to submit the substance to an electric current. The electrodes are also adapted to compress the substance. There are also provided processes for increasing dryness of a substance.07-01-2010
20100140106PROCESS FOR MIXED CHEMICAL/ELECTROCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF A LIQUID MEDIUM LOADED WITH NITRATES, A DEVICE FOR TREATING SUCH A LIQUID MEDIUM AND APPLICATIONS - The invention relates, in particular, to a process for treating a liquid medium loaded with nitrates via a chemical route that mainly comprises a step of electrolysis of the liquid medium in the presence of a metal salt, the electrolysis being carried out at a pH below 5. The invention also relates to a device for treating a liquid medium loaded with nitrates and also to the applications of this process and device, in particular for reducing the level of nitrates in drainage waters.06-10-2010
20100122912WATER TREATMENT DEVICE - A water treatment device having a tank containing an anode and a cathode. A motor is provided to impart rotational motion to the cathode. A scraping means is fixed to the interior of the tank and extend inward toward the tank so as to define a gap between the scraping means and the cathode. As mineral deposits accumulate on the cathode they are removed by the scraping means and the rotational motion of the cathode.05-20-2010
20100243473Desalination system and method - The desalination system and method places water from the sea under electrolysis to produce hydrogen and oxygen gas. The system has a chamber that is filled with the hydrogen gas displacing other gases. Once the chamber is filled with only hydrogen gas, the oxygen is introduced to form water vapor within the chamber. Liquid water collects on the lower surface of the chamber, and water vapor condenses on the sidewalls. The condensation creates a partial vacuum in the chamber, causing further water to evaporate from the liquid water on the lower end of the chamber. The condensate is desalinated water, which may be collected. Condensation may be assisted through cooling the wall. The hydrogen and oxygen mix in the chamber undergoes a reaction through electrical spark generation from a spark plug to create the water vapor.09-30-2010
20110056843Concentric layer electric double layer capacitor cylinder, system, and method of use - This invention relates to an electric double layer capacitor electrochemical cylinder (03-10-2011
20110108437DISINFECTION METHOD AND DISINFECTION DEVICE - The disinfection method of the present invention includes steps (i) and (ii). In step (i), a voltage is applied, in an aqueous liquid (05-12-2011
20100038260Method For Electrode Renewal - A method for electrode renewal, for use in an electrolytic processing chamber for a liquid therein wherein the processing includes, for a pair of electrodes in the chamber, placing a positive voltage on one electrode in the chamber and placing a like negative voltage on another electrode in the chamber. It has been common practice to reverse the voltage between these electrodes in order to re-dissolve the buildup thereon. Now, the present inventor has observed that a voltage passing through or across an electrode will cause some minor cavitations on the electrode surface between the contact junctures of the voltage, and apparently the cavitations results in the buildup there-on detaching in bulk; which is much faster than the heretofore known re-dissolve processes of electrode renewal.02-18-2010
20110073488COPPER CHLORIDE/COPPER BROMIDE DISINFECTOR FOR SWIMMING POOLS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF - A two-in-one copper chloride/copper bromide disinfector and a method of controlling the same. In operation, when copper is released, the positive and negative electrodes of a copper billet are periodically reversed, while the positive and negative electrodes of a titanium plate/graphite polar plate are in an uncharged state. When chlorine/bromine is released, the positive and negative electrodes of a titanium plate/graphite polar plate are periodically reversed, while the positive and negative electrodes of the copper billet are short-connected, then connected to the negative electrode of the titanium plate/graphite polar plate, or applied thereon with an electric voltage that is lower than the electric voltage of the negative electrode of the titanium plate/graphite polar plate. With this method, the copper billet out of operation is shorted-connected to the negative electrode of the titanium plate/graphite polar plate or connected to an electric voltage that is lower than that of the negative electrode. Thus the release amount of copper ions is controllable, the volume of the disinfector is reduced, and the corrosion between the positive and negative electrodes of the copper billet is uniform.03-31-2011
20110100838ELECTROLYTIC DISINFECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PURIFYING WATER - Provided is an electrolytic disinfection system and method for purifying water. The electrolytic disinfection system includes; an electrolytic disinfection device which includes; a chamber, a first electrode disposed in the chamber, a second electrode disposed in the chamber and spaced apart from the first electrode, a water inlet part connected to the chamber, wherein the water inlet part allows influent water to be introduced to the chamber therethrough, and a water outlet part connected to the chamber, wherein the water outlet part allows the influent water to be discharged from the chamber therethrough, and an influent water heating device which is disposed upstream of the water inlet part and heats the influent water introduced to the chamber through the water inlet part.05-05-2011
20110210012High Pressure Electrolyser - An electrolyser (09-01-2011
20080202942METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONVERTING WATER INTO HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN FOR A HEAT AND/OR FUEL SOURCE - A water separation apparatus is provided to separate hydrogen and oxygen from water that includes a reaction chamber containing a plurality of spaced apart conductive plates, a positive electrical terminal electrically connected to one of the conductive plates, and a negative electrical terminal electrically connected to another of the conductive plates. A mixture of water and a catalyst is placed in the chamber and in contact with the plates. A non-conductive adjuster plate is provided to separate the chamber into a front chamber and a rear chamber, and may include at least one fluid passageway. A portion of the plates are disposed in the front chamber and a portion of the plates are disposed in the rear chamber. The adjuster plate may include a moveable member adapted to adjust the cross-sectional area of fluid passageway and thus the cross-sectional area of fluid communication between the front and rear chambers. The apparatus may include a collector-separator to collect gases from the reaction chamber and separate any remaining water from the gases. The separated water is returned to the reaction chamber, and the hydrogen and oxygen gases are transmitted to a bubbler assembly which functions to prevent any flashback from igniting the gases in the reaction chamber or collector-separator. The present invention will separate hydrogen from water in a more efficient manner than any previous technology, making it economically feasible.08-28-2008
20110162976Recovery of nickel from industrial pickling acid solutions - Nickel is recovered from pickling acid solutions of crude ore using boric acid as catalyst by ultrasound assisted electrolysis.07-07-2011
20100116687NON-SACRIFICIAL ELECTRODES AND/OR COILS FOR IMMERSED WASTEWATER TREATMENT APPARATUS AND METHODS - Use of a non-sacrificial electrode made of synthetic graphite for applications utilizing conductive immersed treatment of wastewater is disclosed. The synthetic graphite is manufactured from a petroleum based extruded or molded composite material in any of plate, bar or coil forms. The electrodes are especially useful in the primary reaction chamber of an electrocoagulation apparatus.05-13-2010
20120043223Water treatment method - For substantially eliminating scale buildup in a water processing facility, a water treatment method having the steps: accepting a scale formation standard value amount of scale formation that would occur in the facility from a cubic meter of water; measuring water from a water source for total hardness, alkali hardness, pH, and temperature; and therewith substantially removing a calculated scale removal target quantity from each cubic meter of the water source water just prior to entry of said water into the facility. Essentially, just prior to entry of each quantity of predetermined water into a water flow-through processing facility, removing more than about 0.1% of dissolved scale from the water quantity albeit less than 10% of dissolved scale from the water quantity.02-23-2012
20120152760WATER TREATMENT METHOD AND SYSTEM - The present invention provides water treatment systems and methods. An electrolysis based water treatment system according to an embodiment of the invention includes a reservoir for holding the water to be treated, two or more electrodes of two or more types, each type of electrode having a different material composition, and positioned to be at least partially immersed in water held in the reservoir, and a power supply adapted to power the electrodes. The electrodes used and the polarity of current applied to power the electrodes for different electrolysis phases are selected based on the material composition of the electrodes.06-21-2012
20120152759PERCHLORATE REMOVAL FROM CONCENTRATED SALT SOLUTIONS USING AMPHOTERIC ION-EXCHANGE RESINS - A process for reducing the concentration of perchlorate in an aqueous concentrated multi-component salt solution comprising treating the salt solution with an amphoteric ion-exchange resin to provide an adsorbed perchlorate and multi anion-containing resin and a perchlorate depleted solution; and removing the perchlorate depleted solution. The multi-anion are selected from chloride, chlorate, perchlorate, sulphate, and dichromate, present in electrolytic processes for the production of sodium chlorate.06-21-2012
20120118760WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM - A system carried by a watercraft for reducing the population of microorganisms in a body of water, including an electrolytic apparatus for producing antimicrobial chlorine-containing compounds and conduits for discharging electrolyzed water into the body of water.05-17-2012
20110180423METHODS FOR REMOVING CONTAMINANTS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING PHOTOELECTROCATALYTIC OXIDIZATION - A photoelectrocatalytic oxidizing device having a photoanode being constructed from a conducting metal such as Ti as the support electrode. Alternatively, the photoanode is a composite electrode comprising a conducting metal such as Ti as the support electrode coated with a thin film of sintered nanoporous TiO07-28-2011
20110180422Electrocoagulation treatment process - A method of improving electrocoagulation (“EC”) treatment processes for treating waste water and similar applications. The method includes providing a variable power supply that outputs an alternating current (“AC”) to one or more EC treatment cells. The alternating current from the variable power supply is rectified before delivery to the EC cell. As an intermediate step between the variable power supply and rectification, the method described and claimed here uses a variable step down transformer to modify the output delivered to the EC cell.07-28-2011
20100270171A System And A Method For Reducing The Amount of Liquid In A Biological Mass - The present invention is directed toward a method and a system for reducing the amount of fluid in a biological mass comprising solids and fluid in the form of liquid and gas. The system includes a temporary storage container for receiving and temporary storing a biological mass, at least one separator arranged to receive the biological mass from the temporary storage container and separate at least a portion of the fluid of the mass from the solids of the mass, a solids container for receiving the solids fraction separated from the biological mass, and a liquid-purifying device arranged to purify the liquid which is separated from the mass by means of the separator. The system is substantially fluidtight towards the surroundings and the separator includes a screen cloth and a device for inducing a fluid flow. The fluid flow is arranged to carry a portion of the liquid out of the mass and through the screen cloth, the essential part of the fluid flow has been recirculated in the system (10-28-2010
20100270170SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CONVERTING NON-FRESH WATER TO FRESH WATER - A method of converting seawater, waste water, brackish water and polluted water to fresh water, referred to as “The Rosenbaum-Weisz Process”, is disclosed. This method utilizes high temperature electrolysis to decompose the seawater into hydrogen, oxygen and salts/minerals. The generated hydrogen and oxygen are then combusted in a high temperature combustor to generate superheated steam. The heat from the superheated steam is then removed by a high temperature heat exchanger system and recycled to the high temperature electrolysis unit. The superheated steam is then condensed, as a result of the heat extraction by the heat exchanger system, to produce fresh water. The recovered salts/minerals can be sold to generate additional revenue.10-28-2010
20120247972PROCESS FOR REDUCING THE CONCENTRATION OF HYDRATE INHIBITORS IN WATER USED FOR OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION - Reducing the concentration of kinetic hydrate inhibitors in produced water may be accomplished by treating the produced water using a method selected from the group consisting of chemical adsorption, solvent extraction, chemical coagulation, electrochemical coagulation and combinations thereof. Such reductions may in some instances allow for the reuse of produced water for irrigation or recycle in oil and gas production.10-04-2012
20120255872Electrokinetic Process And Apparatus For Consolidation Of Oil Sands Tailings - A method is provided of treating liquid tailings using electro-kinetics by creating a variable voltage between two electrodes in the tailings. Flocculation and water release from the tailings is induced by establishing an electrical field between the two electrodes. The electrodes are connected to an electrical power source having the variable voltage to create a cathode and an anode. Compacting the flocculation solids and removing further water released from the compacting solids allows for the creation of a compacted material having a desired load bearing capacity.10-11-2012
20120298526METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF CONTAMINATED WATER OR WASTEWATER - An apparatus for electrochemical treatment of contaminated water or wastewater comprises a container or tank having an inlet and an outlet and a feed pump for the water to be treated, connected to the inlet for supplying the water through the inlet to the container or tank. Parallel pairs of electrode plates are situated in vertical position in the container or tank and form parallel vertical passages therebetween for the water to be treated. In the pairs of electrode plate at least one electrode plate comprises holes connected to a feed pump for an auxiliary medium. Said pairs of electrode plates are positioned between the inlet and outlet in the container or tank such that in at least part of the flow route between the inlet and outlet the water passes upwards in the vertical passages. The feed pump for the water to be treated and/or the feed pump for the auxiliary medium is a pulsating feed pump.11-29-2012
20080223730ELECTROCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF SOLUTIONS CONTAINING HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM - There is disclosed a process of electrochemical reduction, optionally coupled to a final stage of chemical finishing, of solutions containing hexavalent chromium. The electrochemical reduction is carried out making use of a cell of cylindrical geometry with tangential solution inlet and outlet, which establishes and maintains a spiral flow across the whole electrolysis bulk, achieving effective mass transport conditions.09-18-2008
20110290667ELECTROCOAGULATION REACTOR HAVING SEGMENTED INTERMEDIATE UNCHARGED PLATES - An electrocoagulation reactor for the treatment of wastewater. The electrocoagulation reactor typically engages a DC power source and a source of wastewater to be treated. It has a housing with walls and a wastewater inlet, and a treated wastewater outlet. There is at least one anode/cathode pair of oppositely charged spaced apart plates that engage the power source to charge the anode with a positive charge and the cathode with a negative charge. Between each anode/cathode pair is at least one segmented intermediate plate, which is not engaged to the power source of electrical energy, and which intermediate plate is segmented into multiple segments, which multiple segments lay generally in the same plane.12-01-2011
20130118917BATHING WATER, METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION AND SYSTEM COMPRISING A BATHING OR SWIMMING POOL - The invention relates to bathing water on the basis of tap water, which is suitable for treatment by means of electrolysis. The bathing water contains at least one of the alkali metal ions Na05-16-2013
20130193001Apparatus and Method for Generating Thermally-Enhanced Treatment Liquids - A cleaning system comprising a liquid source configured to provide a feed liquid, an electrolysis cell configured to receive the feed liquid and to electrochemically activate the feed liquid to provide an electrochemically-activated liquid, where the electrochemical activation also heats the feed liquid such that the electrochemically-activated liquid is heated, and a dispenser configured to dispense the electrochemically-activated liquid.08-01-2013
20120024719REMOVAL OF METALS FROM WATER - A method of purifying water is provided that includes applying a voltage to an electrolytic cell 02-02-2012

Patent applications in class Water, sewage, or other waste water

Patent applications in all subclasses Water, sewage, or other waste water