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Enzyme included in apparatus

Subclass of:

204 - Chemistry: electrical and wave energy

204193000 - APPARATUS

204194000 - Electrolytic

204400000 - Analysis and testing

204403010 - Biological material (e.g., microbe, enzyme, antigen, etc.) analyzed, tested, or included in apparatus

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Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20100059373Subcutaneous Glucose Electrode - A small diameter flexible electrode designed for subcutaneous in vivo amperometric monitoring of glucose is described. The electrode is designed to allow “one-point” in vivo calibration, i.e., to have zero output current at zero glucose concentration, even in the presence of other electroreactive species of serum or blood. The electrode is preferably three or four-layered, with the layers serially deposited within a recess upon the tip of a polyamide insulated gold wire. A first glucose concentration-to-current transducing layer is overcoated with an electrically insulating and glucose flux limiting layer (second layer) on which, optionally, an immobilized interference-eliminating horseradish peroxidase based film is deposited (third layer). An outer (fourth) layer is biocompatible.03-11-2010
20100059371Subcutaneous Glucose Electrode - A small diameter flexible electrode designed for subcutaneous in vivo amperometric monitoring of glucose is described. The electrode is designed to allow “one-point” in vivo calibration, i.e., to have zero output current at zero glucose concentration, even in the presence of other electroreactive species of serum or blood. The electrode is preferably three or four-layered, with the layers serially deposited within a recess upon the tip of a polyamide insulated gold wire. A first glucose concentration-to-current transducing layer is overcoated with an electrically insulating and glucose flux limiting layer (second layer) on which, optionally, an immobilized interference-eliminating horseradish peroxidase based film is deposited (third layer). An outer (fourth) layer is biocompatible.03-11-2010
20090194416Potentiometric biosensor for detection of creatinine and forming method thereof - The present invention discloses a potentiometric biosensor for detecting creatinine, and the forming method thereof. The disclosed biosensor comprises a substrate, a working electrode formed on the substrate, a first reference electrode formed on the substrate, a second reference electrode formed on the substrate, and a packaging structure which separates the above-mentioned three electrodes. The working electrode comprises creatinine iminohydrolase (CIH). The detection signal is transmitted out from the biosensor for further processing through a wire or an exposed surface. The disclosed biosensor is replaceable.08-06-2009
20110186430BIOSENSOR AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING - A biosensor for detecting an analyte in a sample of body fluid and methods for manufacturing the biosensor are disclosed. In one embodiment, a biosensor includes at least two electrical conductors embedded within an electrically insulating test element body. The electrical conductors are exposed at two ends of the test element body and a reagent, for example a reagent adapted to test for blood glucose, is applied to one end. In one form, the test element body is cylindrical with a circular or non-circular cross-sectional shape. In other embodiments, the test elements are manufactured by a resin pultrusion process in which resin embedded with electrical conductors is dried or cured, shaped and cut into segments, and reagent applied to one end of each segment.08-04-2011
20090236222BIOSENSOR - It is an object of the present invention to provide a sensor, which is capable of measuring, quickly and in high accuracy, concentration of neutral fat from a sample such as a biological sample or the like, without executing pretreatment of the sample. This object is attained by a biosensor for measuring concentration of neutral fat, based on value of current flowing in the electrode system, having: an insulating substrate; an electrode system having a working electrode and a counter electrode, formed onto the insulating substrate; and a reaction layer having a lipoprotein lipase, a glycerol dehydrogenase and an electron mediator, formed at the upper part or the vicinity of the electrode system.09-24-2009
20110192721SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATICALLY RECOGNIZING A CONTROL SOLUTION - Methods and devices for automatically distinguishing between a control solution and an actual patient/user sample in a biosensor are provided. The solution is introduced into an electrochemical cell having a working and counter electrode. Electric pulses are applied to the cell and resultant signals are measured. Based on a comparison of the measured signals, a meter can determine whether the sample is a control solution or an actual patient/user sample.08-11-2011
20100038242TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES WITH (PYRIDYL)IMIDAZOLE LIGANDS - Novel transition metal complexes of iron, cobalt, ruthenium, osmium, and vanadium are described. The transition metal complexes can be used as redox mediators in enzyme-based electrochemical sensors. The transition metal complexes include substituted or unsubstituted (pyridyl)imidazole ligands. Transition metal complexes attached to polymeric backbones are also described.02-18-2010
20100072064Subcutaneous Glucose Electrode - A small diameter flexible electrode designed for subcutaneous in vivo amperometric monitoring of glucose is described. The electrode is designed to allow “one-point” in vivo calibration, i.e., to have zero output current at zero glucose concentration, even in the presence of other electroreactive species of serum or blood. The electrode is preferably three or four-layered, with the layers serially deposited within a recess upon the tip of a polyamide insulated gold wire. A first glucose concentration-to-current transducing layer is overcoated with an electrically insulating and glucose flux limiting layer (second layer) on which, optionally, an immobilized interference-eliminating horseradish peroxidase based film is deposited (third layer). An outer (fourth) layer is biocompatible.03-25-2010
20100072063Subcutaneous Glucose Electrode - A small diameter flexible electrode designed for subcutaneous in vivo amperometric monitoring of glucose is described. The electrode is designed to allow “one-point” in vivo calibration, i.e., to have zero output current at zero glucose concentration, even in the presence of other electroreactive species of serum or blood. The electrode is preferably three or four-layered, with the layers serially deposited within a recess upon the tip of a polyamide insulated gold wire. A first glucose concentration-to-current transducing layer is overcoated with an electrically insulating and glucose flux limiting layer (second layer) on which, optionally, an immobilized interference-eliminating horseradish peroxidase based film is deposited (third layer). An outer (fourth) layer is biocompatible.03-25-2010
20100108509Analyte Sensor with Non-Working Electrode Layer - Disclosed is an electrochemical sensors for measuring an analyte in a subject. More particularly, the sensor comprises a non-working electrode, the non-working electrode comprising a non-working electroactive surface, and a layer covering at least a portion of the non-working electroactive surface, the layer configured to prevent or reduce endogenous or exogenous components from contacting the non-working electrode surface.05-06-2010
20120181173ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR FOR THE DETECTION OF ANALYTES IN LIQUID MEDIA - The invention relates to an electrochemical sensor for the detection of analytes in liquid media which comprises 4 layers, wherein the first layer (1) comprises a carbonaceous material deposited on a substrate, said layer forming the system of electrodes of the electrochemical sensor, formed at least by a pseudo-reference electrode, a working electrode and a counter electrode; and the fourth layer (4) comprises polythiophene deposited only on the lower end of the working electrode selected from (d1), which comprises a layer comprising a polythiophene deposited on the lower end of the working electrode and a layer comprising a non-conductive polymer gel deposited on said layer of polythiophene; (d2), which is a layer of conductive polymer gel comprising a non-conductive polymer gel and a polythiophene; and (d3), which comprises a layer comprising a polythiophene deposited on the lower end of the working electrode and a layer comprising functionalized magnetic nanoparticles deposited on said layer of polythiophene.07-19-2012
20130062201Glucose Sensor Having Titanium Dioxide-Graphene Composite - Provided is a glucose sensor including a titanium dioxide-graphene composite having a porous structure. More particularly, the glucose sensor includes a working electrode having the titanium dioxide-graphene composite having the porous structure and an enzyme to provide features that allow a current flow to be excellent, a current to be sensitively changed depending on a change in electric potential, sensitivity to be high, and a low voltage characteristic to be excellent.03-14-2013
20090008247Composite Modified Electrode Strip - The present invention provides a surface-modified electrode strip for measuring an electrochemical signal that is synergistically amplified by means of a nano-scaled gold particle layer and a lipid-soluble electron mediator layer. A biosensor comprising the electrode strip is also provided.01-08-2009
20090095625Mediator-Stabilized Reagent Compositions for Use in Biosensor Electrodes - The claimed subject matter relates to the stabilization of 1,2-quinone mediators, especially those containing 1,10-phenanthroline quinone (PQ) and more especially transition metal complexes of PQ, in the presence of enzymes when contained in dry reagent layers for biosensor electrodes, through the use of various metal salts, particularly those of lithium.04-16-2009
20090045056Stable three enzyme creatinine biosensor - The invention provides methods for preparing a stable, multiple-use three enzyme biosensor for the amperometric determination of creatinine in biological liquids that has a useful lifetime that extends significantly beyond that of presently available amperometric biosensors. The biosensor prepared by the methods of the invention encompasses a plurality of immobilized enzymes that are applied to the biosensor as an enzyme-polymer composition. The enzymes, which can include creatinine amidohydrolase, creatine amidinohydrolase and sarcosine oxidase, are immobilized into the enzyme-polymer composition simultaneously as well as applied to the biosensor simultaneously. Prior to being immobilized, the enzymes can be chemically modified by attaching one or more polyethylene glycol (PEG) chains per enzyme monomer. The polymer component can be provided by a polyurethane membrane. The invention also provides a method of preparing a biosensor that limits the diffusion of silver ions emanating the reference electrode, thereby preventing, contact between the silver ions and the enzymes. Related methods of preparing an enzyme-polymer composition for incorporation into a multiple use three enzyme biosensor for the amperometric determination of creatinine in biological liquids also are provided. The invention also provides multiple-use biosensors and enzyme-polymer compositions prepared by the methods disclosed.02-19-2009
20110297540Low Total Salt Reagent Compositions and Systems for Biosensors - A biosensor system for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample is disclosed that includes a reaction means for selectively performing a redox reaction of an analyte, and a measurement means for measuring a rate of the redox reaction of the analyte. The reaction means includes a binder, a buffer salt, a mediator including at most 20% (w/w) of an inorganic, non-transition metal salt, and an enzyme system. The measurement means includes at least two conductors. The measurement means measures an output signal value from the reaction means at a maximum kinetic performance within at most 7 seconds of introducing a sample to the reaction means, where the output signal value is responsive to the concentration of the analyte in the sample, and the measurement means determines at least one ΔS value responsive to at least one error parameter. The measurement means further determines the analyte concentration in the sample from a compensation equation including at least one reference correlation and the at least one ΔS value, where the compensation equation has a R12-08-2011
20110139617FUNCTIONAL LAYERS OF BIOMOLECULES AND LIVING CELLS, AND A NOVEL SYSTEM TO PRODUCE SUCH - The present invention concerns a new process for depositing a thick compact layer of biomolecules for instance such a layer with thickness in the μm scale and, for depositing a thick compact layer of cells in the μm scale. The deposited layer is made by application of an unbalanced (asymmetrical) alternating voltage polarization between two electrodes to a dissolved biomolecule or cell from low conductivity solutions. The process allows the rapid manufacturing of sensors and the coating of devices with functional cells and biomolecules. Examples are provided on the preparation of functional sensors such as a glucose, a lactose sensor, a hydrogen peroxide sensor and a glutamate sensor. Examples are also provided on the deposition of eukaryoric cells such as 06-16-2011
20110259741Biosensor - A biosensor includes a first working electrode that a biocatalyst, which has a property that reacts on a specified ground substance, is disposed, a second working electrode that the biocatalyst, which the property is lost, is disposed, and at least one counter electrode for respectively applying a voltage to the first working electrode and the second working electrode.10-27-2011
20090211905ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - An electrochemical cell for detection and quantification of analytes in a liquid sample, particularly a liquid sample having a small volume. In a preferred embodiment, the electrochemical cell comprises an assembly of conducting layers and insulating layers. The electrochemical cell can be formed by depositing conducting materials and insulating materials in alternating layers on an insulating substrate. It is preferred that the layer furthest from the insulating substrate be an insulating layer to minimize the damage of the conducting layers during handling of the electrochemical cell. A passage can be formed through the conducting layers and the insulating layers to expose the edges of the layers, which collectively form the wall or walls of the passage. The exposed edges of the conducting layers form the electrodes of the electrochemical cell. The electrochemical cell comprises at least one working electrode and at least one other electrode, e.g., a dual-purpose reference/counter electrode. In another embodiment, the assembly of conducting layers and insulating layers can be formed on both major surfaces of the insulating substrate. The assembly can comprise at least one working electrode and at least one other electrode, e.g., a dual-purpose reference/counter electrode.08-27-2009
20090152111Biosensor, thin film electrode forming method, quantification apparatus, and quantificaion method - A biosensor according to the present invention comprises a support 06-18-2009
20090145756Method of depositing reagent material in a test sensor - A method of depositing reagent on an electrochemical test sensor adapted to determine information relating to an analyte includes providing a base and forming an electrode pattern on the base. The method further includes depositing the reagent on at least the electrode pattern using a reagent-dispensing system. The reagent-dispensing system applies mechanical force to the reagent in the reagent-dispensing system to assist in providing a wet reagent droplet on at least the electrode pattern.06-11-2009
20080264787ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL - An electrochemical cell for detection and quantification of analytes in a liquid sample, particularly a liquid sample having a small volume. In a preferred embodiment, the electrochemical cell comprises an assembly of conducting layers and insulating layers. The electrochemical cell can be formed by depositing conducting materials and insulating materials in alternating layers on an insulating substrate. It is preferred that the layer furthest from the insulating substrate be an insulating layer to minimize the damage of the conducting layers during handling of the electrochemical cell. In another embodiment, the assembly of conducting layers and insulating layers can be formed on both major surfaces of the insulating substrate. The assembly can comprise at least one working electrode and at least one other electrode, e.g., a dual-purpose reference/counter electrode.10-30-2008
20100084268LOW VOLUME ELECTROCHEMICAL BIOSENSOR - A biosensor in which at least one reagent constitutes a portion of a working electrode, a conductive track leading from a working electrode to an electrical contact associated with a working electrode, or an electrical contact associated with a working electrode. For example, the biosensor can have a mediator or an enzyme or both incorporated into the working electrode itself. Other reagents can be dispensed on the electrode itself either directly or by impregnating a matrix, such as a mesh or a membrane, with the enzyme, and then placing the impregnated mesh or membrane over the electrode. Alternatively, the biosensor can have a mediator or an enzyme or both incorporated into the conductive track leading from the working electrode to an electrical contact associated with the working electrode. In another alternative, the biosensor can have a mediator or an enzyme or both incorporated into the electrical contact associated with the working electrode itself. Furthermore, the biosensor can have a mediator or an enzyme or both incorporated into at least two of the foregoing components of the biosensor.04-08-2010
20100078322BIOSENSOR - It is an object of the present invention to provide an excellent biosensor which can perform supply of a sample solution accurately and easily. A biosensor which has a capillary (04-01-2010
20090090625BIOSENSOR ELECTRODE MEDIATORS FOR REGENERATION OF COFACTORS - The present invention is based on the discovery of NAD04-09-2009
20090090624BIOSENSOR ELECTRODE MEDIATORS FOR REGENERATION OF COFACTORS - The present invention is based on the discovery of NAD04-09-2009
20130098763SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING AN ANALYTE IN A SAMPLE - Methods of determining a corrected analyte concentration in view of some error source are provided herein. The methods can be utilized for the determination of various analytes and/or various sources of error. In one example, the method can be configured to determine a corrected glucose concentration in view of an extreme level of hematocrit found within the sample. In other embodiments, methods are provided for identifying various system errors and/or defects. For example, such errors can include partial-fill or double-fill situations, high track resistance, and/or sample leakage. Systems are also provided for determining a corrected analyte concentration and/or detecting some system error.04-25-2013
20110198223METHOD FOR MEASURING BLOOD COMPONENTS AND BIOSENSOR AND MEASURING INSTRUMENT FOR USE THEREIN - The present invention provides a method of measuring a component in blood, by which the amounts of blood cells and an interfering substance can be measured with high accuracy and high reliability and the amount of the component can be corrected accurately based on the amounts of the blood cells and the interfering substance. In a sensor for measuring a blood component, a first working electrode 08-18-2011
20100006432Biosensor - In a biosensor for measuring a specific substance in a liquid sample, one or a combination of sugar alcohol, metallic salt, organic acid or organic acid salt which has at least one carboxyl group in a molecule, and organic acid or organic acid salt which has at least one carboxyl group and one amino group in a molecule, is included in a reagent layer provided on electrodes, thereby providing a highly-accurate biosensor which is excellent in stability and has high response (sensitivity, linearity) of the sensor to the substrate concentration.01-14-2010
20090084678NANOELECTRONIC ELECTROCHEMICAL TEST DEVICE - Nanoelectronic devices for the detection and quantification of biomolecules are Provided. In certain embodiments, the devices are configured to detect and measure blood glucose levels. Also provided are methods of fabricating nanoelectronic devices for the detection of biomolecules.04-02-2009
20080277278BIOSENSOR FOR DISEASE DIAGNOSIS - The present invention relates to a biosensor including: a bottom plate having a base film having a lead mounted at one side of the top surface thereof, an electrode member formed on the base film, a spacer formed on the top surface of the electrode member so as to secure a recess having a predetermined width formed on the electrode member, and an enzyme reaction layer formed transversely on the top surface of the electrode member in such a fashion as to be positioned in the recess of the spacer; and a top plate formed integrally with the bottom plate and having the same configuration as the bottom plate.11-13-2008
20100126857ANALYSIS INSTRUMENT - An analysis instrument for processing a microfluidic device, having sample storage means, a microfluidic device holder, sample loading means for loading sample into a microfluidic device disposed in the holder, processing means for enabling a reaction in a microfluidic device, and detection means for detecting and/or measuring the reaction is disclosed. The microfluidic device holder is adapted to hold the microfluidic device including a tape in position for processing and/or detection. A microfluidic processing device is also disclosed which includes a reaction chamber, and a sample loading chamber into which a sample is injectable. The reaction chamber is operatively connected to the sample loading chamber. A cover extends across at least part of the sample loading chamber. The cover and the reaction chamber include pierceable material and are separated by an overspill cavity configured to accept any overspill of an injected sample. A kit is also disclosed which has the analysis instrument and the microfluidic processing device as described above.05-27-2010
20100270152ENZYMATIC REAGENT INK - An enzymatic reagent ink includes an amount of hydrophobic silica material (e.g., a fumed silica material), an amount of surfactant (such as a non-ionic surfactant); and an amount of enzyme (for example, glucose oxidase). The amounts of the hydrophobic silica material and the surfactant present in the enzymatic reagent ink is predetermined based on first and second relationships. The first relationship is a relationship between wetability of a representative hydrophobic silica material and a first calibration characteristic of an analytical test strip that includes an enzymatic reagent ink containing the representative hydrophobic silica material. In addition, such a first relationship defines a minimum wetability that provides an acceptable first calibration characteristic. The second relationship is a relationship defining wetability of a mixture of the hydrophobic silica material and a surfactant across a range of relative amounts of the hydrophobic silica material and the surfactant. The amounts of the hydrophobic silica material and the surfactant in the enzymatic reagent ink are predetermined to provide at least the minimum wetability defined by the first relationship during manufacturing of the enzymatic reagent ink, and therefore, an acceptable first calibration characteristic.10-28-2010
20090026075Electrochemical Analyte Detection Apparatus and Method - A method and apparatus for electrochemical detection of analyte in a sample makes use of a binding interaction and relies on the discovery that asymmetric distribution of a redox enzyme between two electrodes that occurs when a redox enzyme-containing reagent is immobilized at the surface of one electrode can be detected as a chemical potential gradient arising from an asymmetry, in the distribution of oxidized or reduced redox substrate. This chemical potential gradient can be detected potentiometrically by observing the potential difference between the electrodes in an open circuit, or amperometrically by observing the current flow between the electrodes when the circuit is closed. In both cases, the observation of asymmetry can be done without the application of an external potential or current to the electrodes.01-29-2009
20090321257BIOSENSOR, METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME AND DETECTION SYSTEM COMPRISING THE SAME - A biosensor that detects a target substance contained in a liquid sample has an insulating base plate including a recess formed in a portion that is thinner than the surrounding part, a working electrode and a counter electrode, at least one of which is disposed in the recess, and a reaction reagent that is disposed in the recess and reacts with a specific substance in the liquid sample.12-31-2009
20090321256BIOSENSORS AND METHODS OF MAKING - Devices and methods for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample of liquid are provided.12-31-2009
20090250343Tyrosinase enzyme electrode and production method thereof - Disclosed are a tyrosinase enzyme electrode containing metal nanoparticles and its producing method. Metal nanoparticles are applied to a surface of a support with high chemical stability. Also, a buffer layer consisting of a self-assembled monolayer is formed on the metal nanoparticles. Such self-assembled monolayer is used to immobilize tyrosinase enzyme which was subsequently prepared. In other words, the self-assembled monolayer is arranged between the metal nanoparticles and the tyrosinase enzyme so as to immobilize the tyrosinase enzyme on the support. Introduction of the metal nanoparticles into the electrode contributes to improvement in detection limits of the tyrosinase enzyme electrode. In addition, the introduction of substrate induces the activation of enzyme.10-08-2009
20100175992METHODS AND MATERIALS FOR CONTROLLING THE ELECTROCHEMISTRY OF ANALYTE SENSORS - Embodiments of the invention provide electrochemical analyte sensors having elements designed to modulate their electrochemical reactions as well as methods for making and using such sensors.07-15-2010
20090255811BIOSENSOR COATING COMPOSITION AND METHODS THEREOF - The disclosure provides for reagent compositions for biosensors comprising release polymers, methods of making such biosensors and films of reagent compositions comprising release polymers. The reagent compositions comprise a release polymer and an effective analyte detecting amount of an enzyme an enzyme cofactor and a redox compound capable of acting in a biosensor as (i) a redox mediator associated with a working electrode (ii) a redox couple associated with a reference electrode or (iii) the redox mediator associated with the working electrode and the redox couple for the reference electrode.10-15-2009
20090101499Protein-Immobilized membrane, method for immobilization of protein, enzyme-immobilized electrode, and biosensor - The present invention relates to a protein-immobilized membrane (04-23-2009
20100187108GAS-COMPONENT MEASUREMENT DEVICE - A gas-component measurement device includes a housing having an suction port that introduces a measurement-targeted gas, and an exhaust port that discharges the measurement-targeted gas, and a water-absorbing member that is disposed in the housing and impregnated with a solvent that dissolves a gas component, and an electrochemical sensor that detects the gas component trapped by the solvent in the water-absorbing member. The exhaust port and suction port are disposed to oppose each other while sandwiching therebetween the electrochemical sensor.07-29-2010
20100193355NOVEL GLUCOSE DEHYDROGENASE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE DEHYDROGENASE - A novel glucose dehydrogenase, which is an enzyme that has high substrate specificity, can be produced at a low cost, is not affected by oxygen dissolved in a measurement sample and, in particular, has superior thermal stability is obtained by culturing a microorganism belonging to the genus 08-05-2010
20100224488Bilirubin Sensor - A bilirubin sensor has a working electrode with a first chemical matrix disposed thereon that contains a binder, a substrate electrode with a second chemical matrix dispose thereon that contains a binder and a chemical agent that consumes bilirubin, a reference electrode, a sample chamber containing the working electrode, the substrate electrode and the reference electrode, and a method of measuring bilirubin in a body fluid.09-09-2010
20100219072ENZYME ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - An enzyme electrode and its producing method are disclosed. The method includes providing a substrate having a carbon surface; forming a gold surface on the carbon surface and forming an electrode; modifying the gold surface by L-cysteine; modifying the gold surface by N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide; and chemically bonding the modified gold surface with a glucose oxidase.09-02-2010
20100213058Biosensor Membranes - Novel membranes comprising various polymers containing heterocyclic nitrogen groups are described. These membranes are usefully employed in electrochemical sensors, such as amperometric biosensors. More particularly, these membranes effectively regulate a flux of analyte to a measurement electrode in an electrochemical sensor, thereby improving the functioning of the electrochemical sensor over a significant range of analyte concentrations. Electrochemical sensors equipped with such membranes are also described.08-26-2010
20100243443Biosensor, thin film electrode forming method, quantification apparatus, and quantification method - A biosensor according to the present invention comprises a support 09-30-2010
20100219073BIOLOGICAL TEST CHIP AND A MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention discloses a biological test chip and a method for manufacturing the same. The biological test chip comprises a test unit and an auxiliary unit for producing capillary action. The test unit includes a baseboard, at least one pair of electrodes and wires connected to the electrodes that are provided on the baseboard by using printed-circuit-board manufacturing process, and a photoresist layer covering the baseboard. The auxiliary unit includes a double-faced adhesive gel layer and a hydrophilic layer that have at least two thin plates respectively. By utilizing the manufacturing process for a printing circuit board and the photoresist layer, body fluid to be tested can be rapidly drawn in to fill the reaction areas formed in the photoresist layer and thereby can react evenly and rapidly with the reactive enzymes used for the test.09-02-2010
20100126858CHEMICAL SENSOR TYPE MEASURING APPARATUS - There is disclosed means for quickly solving instability of sensor sensitivity performances found in an initial stage and stabilizing the sensor sensitivity performances, when immersing a chemical sensor kept under a dry state in a buffer solution used as a storage liquid and applying a measurement bias between a working electrode and a reference electrode to make first use of the chemical sensor for measurement in which the chemical sensor is used. To make the first use of the chemical sensor, after immersing the chemical sensor kept under a dry state in the buffer solution used as the storage liquid, a first initial treatment bias having the same direction as that of the measurement bias and possessing an absolute value larger than that of the measurement bias is applied between the working electrode and the reference electrode for a first initial treatment time. Subsequently, the bias is changed to a second initial treatment bias which is the same as the measurement bias, and the second initial treatment bias is applied for a second initial treatment time. When such a two-step initial treatment operation is carried out, the stabilized sensor sensitivity performance is achieved.05-27-2010
20080308419Chip for electrochemical immunoassay - The present invention provides a chip 12-18-2008
20100294660Glucose Testing Device And Strips For Same - The present invention provides an electrochemical biosensor. The biosensor includes a substrate; a metal layer disposed on the substrate, wherein a first end of the metal layer is formed with a reaction region by a working electrode and a reference electrode provided on the metal layer, the reaction region is applied with an enzyme so that an electrical response is generated when the enzyme and a test sample form a chemical reaction, and a second end of the metal layer is provided with an integrated information unit to provide both test sample information and coding information.11-25-2010
20110017595Biosensor Membranes Composed of Polymers Containing Heterocyclic Nitrogens - Novel membranes comprising various polymers containing heterocyclic nitrogen groups are described. These membranes are usefully employed in electrochemical sensors, such as amperometric biosensors. More particularly, these membranes effectively regulate a flux of analyte to a measurement electrode in an electrochemical sensor, thereby improving the functioning of the electrochemical sensor over a significant range of analyte concentrations. Electrochemical sensors equipped with such membranes are also described.01-27-2011
20100187107Enzyme electrode - The present invention relates to an enzyme electrode including: a carbon particle; a metal particle held on the carbon particle, the metal particle having a catalytic activity against a redox reaction; a redox enzyme. The enzyme electrode of the present invention further includes a high-resistance particle enhancing an electrical resistance, the high-resistance particle being chemically stable. The high-resistance particle contains an inorganic substance, for example. The inorganic substance is aluminum oxide or smectite, for example.07-29-2010
20080257728Biosensor - A biosensor comprises a space part for sucking and housing a sample formed of two upper and lower plates, the two plates being stuck together by an adhesive layer, the space part for sucking and housing the sample being constituted so as to be partially opened in the peripheral part and partially closed by the adhesive layer, and has a working electrode having at least glucose oxidase immobilized thereon and a counter electrode on the same plane of the plate.10-23-2008
20090032395Biosensor - A biosensor is a sensor strip that is folded to form a base and a cover. The base has sides, a reactive layer and two electrodes. The reactive layer is mounted of the base and has a gap. The electrodes are mounted longitudinally on the base respectively near the sides and connect to the reactive layer. The cover bonds to and is shorter than the base and has a sample notch formed in one side of the cover, corresponding to the reactive layer and being near one of the electrodes. Because the sample notch is formed in the side of the cover and blood needs to cross the gap, blood reacts thoroughly with the reactive layer to provide accurate test results.02-05-2009
20110174614ELECTRODE, METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING AN ANALYTE IN A LIQUID MEDIUM - Disclosed is an electrode for determining an analyte in a liquid medium, such as glucose in body subcutaneous fluids. The electrode includes a conductive surface and a matrix bound thereto. The matrix includes at least two species of components that comprise one or more species of enzymes and one or more species of metal nanonparticle. The components may be covalently bound to one another through one or more first binding moieties and the matrix may be covalently bound to the conductive surface through one or more same or different second binding moieties. The one or more enzyme species can catalyze a reaction in which an analyte is reacted to yield a product. The catalysis may alter the electric properties or response of the electrode.07-21-2011
20110031118BIOSENSOR - A biosensor for electrochemically measuring a sample may include a first member made of an insulating material, an electrode system including a working electrode and a counter electrode formed on the first member, a second member fixed over the first member, a sample flow channel provided between the first member and the second member, a hydrophilic section provided on at least a part of the internal surface of the sample flow channel and extending from a first end near the electrode system to a second end on the opposite side, and a flow stop area provided on a section adjacent to the second end on the first member or on the internal surface of the sample flow channel.02-10-2011
20090000947Biosensor and Biosensor Cell - A biosensor includes a supporting layer, a reference electrode layer, a working electrode layer, a counter electrode layer, and a temperature detection device, which are formed on a front surface of the supporting layer, an enzyme film that coats a surface of the working electrode layer, and a heater member formed on a back surface of the supporting layer. A biosensor cell includes a sample chamber to which a sample solution flows in and out, and the above-described biosensor.01-01-2009
20090145757Redox Polymers - Novel transition metal complexes of iron, cobalt, ruthenium, osmium, and vanadium are described. The transition metal complexes can be used as redox mediators in enzyme based electrochemical sensors. In such instances, transition metal complexes accept electrons from, or transfer electrons to, enzymes at a high rate and also exchange electrons rapidly with the sensor. The transition metal complexes include at least one substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand and may further include a second substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand or a substituted or unsubstituted bipyridine or pyridylimidazole ligand. Transition metal complexes attached to polymeric backbones are also described.06-11-2009
20110048940SMALL VOLUME TEST STRIPS WITH LARGE SAMPLE FILL PORTS, SUPPORTED TEST STRIPS, AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME - The present disclosure provides small volume analyte sensors having large sample fill ports, supported analyte sensors, analyte sensors having supported tip protrusions and methods of making and using same.03-03-2011
20100059372Subcutaneous Glucose Electrode - A small diameter flexible electrode designed for subcutaneous in vivo amperometric monitoring of glucose is described. The electrode is designed to allow “one-point” in vivo calibration, i.e., to have zero output current at zero glucose concentration, even in the presence of other electroreactive species of serum or blood. The electrode is preferably three or four-layered, with the layers serially deposited within a recess upon the tip of a polyamide insulated gold wire. A first glucose concentration-to-current transducing layer is overcoated with an electrically insulating and glucose flux limiting layer (second layer) on which, optionally, an immobilized interference-eliminating horseradish peroxidase based film is deposited (third layer). An outer (fourth) layer is biocompatible.03-11-2010
20090008248Enzyme Electrode and Enzyme Sensor - Disclosed is an enzyme electrode comprising: an electrode; a carbon nanotube layer including a plurality of carbon nanotubes extending directly from the electrode and/or a metallic catalyst immobilized on the electrode; and an enzyme immobilized in the carbon nanotube layer by being sandwiched between the carbon nanotubes.01-08-2009
20080217171BIOSENSOR - A biosensor that is capable of measuring a material contained in a sample is provided. The biosensor is configured to be inserted into a display device, and measures a material contained in the sample. The biosensor includes i) first and second substrates that are opposed to each other; ii) a sample guiding layer that has two sample injection openings and is located on the first substrate; iii) a first electrode that is located between the first substrate and the sample guiding layer; iv) a second electrode that is located between the second substrate and the sample guiding layer; v) a third electrode that is located between the sample guiding layer and the second substrate; and vi) a penetrated opening that penetrates the first substrate, the sample guiding layer, and the second substrate. The second electrode is spaced apart from the first electrode. The biosensor further includes i) a long edge, and ii) a short edge that shares a corner of the biosensor and neighbors the long edge. Each of the two sample injection openings is formed to correspond to the long edge and the short edge, respectively.09-11-2008
20110147210Method and apparatus for processing electrochemical signals - Systems and methods are provided herein for improving the selectivity and productivity of sensors via digital signal processing techniques. According to one illustrative embodiment, in an electrochemical method for monitoring of a select analyte in a mixed sample with an interfering analyte, an improvement is provided that includes applying a large amplitude potential stimulus waveform to the sample to generate a nonlinear current signal; and resolving a signal contribution from the select analyte in the generated signal by a vector projection method with an analyte vector comprising a plurality of real and imaginary parts of one or more Fourier coefficients at one or more frequencies of a reference current signal for the select analyte.06-23-2011
20120305396Electrochemical Cell and Method of Making an Electrochemical Cell - Electrochemical test cells are made with precision and accuracy by adhering an electrically resistive sheet having a bound opening to a first electrically conductive sheet. A notching opening is then punched through the electrically resistive sheet and the first electrically conductive sheet. The notching opening intersects the first bound opening in the electrically resistive sheet, and transforms the first bound opening into a notch in the electrically resistive sheet. A second electrically conductive sheet is punched to have a notching opening corresponding to that of first electrically conductive sheet, and this is adhered to the other side of the electrically resistive sheet such that the notching openings are aligned. This structure is cleaved from surrounding material to form an electrochemical cell that has a sample space for receiving a sample defined by the first and second conductive sheets and the notch in the electrically resistive sheet.12-06-2012
20120305395Device for the Determination of Glycated Hemoglobin - An electrochemical device for determining the percentage of glycated hemoglobin in a blood sample is provided. The device includes a cathode and anode and one or more cells. The device may include an enzyme capable of reducing oxygen to water for determining the total amount of hemoglobin in a sample by electrochemically measuring, in an oxygen electroreduction reaction at a cathode, the amount of oxygen in the sample. The device may also be used to determine the amount of glycated hemoglobin in the sample (e.g., spectrometrically or electrochemically). Also provided are devices that include glycated hemoglobin hydrolysis agents or glycated hemoglobin separating agents.12-06-2012
20120043204ENZYMATIC REAGENT INKS FOR USE IN TEST STRIPS HAVING A PREDETERMINED CALIBRATION CODE - The invention provides an enzyme ink useful in test strips that provides a test strip bias, at the low and high glucose ends, falling within a desired target range. The ink of the invention permits an improved method for the production of single calibration code strip lots with good yields.02-23-2012
20100059370Subcutaneous Glucose Electrode - A small diameter flexible electrode designed for subcutaneous in vivo amperometric monitoring of glucose is described. The electrode is designed to allow “one-point” in vivo calibration, i.e., to have zero output current at zero glucose concentration, even in the presence of other electroreactive species of serum or blood. The electrode is preferably three or four-layered, with the layers serially deposited within a recess upon the tip of a polyamide insulated gold wire. A first glucose concentration-to-current transducing layer is overcoated with an electrically insulating and glucose flux limiting layer (second layer) on which, optionally, an immobilized interference-eliminating horseradish peroxidase based film is deposited (third layer). An outer (fourth) layer is biocompatible.03-11-2010
20100213057Self-Powered Analyte Sensor - Generally, embodiments of the invention relate to self-powered analyte determining devices (e.g., electrochemical analyte monitoring systems) that include a working electrode, a counter electrode, and an optional resistance value, where the working electrode includes analyte sensing components and the self-powered analyte determining device spontaneously passes a current directly proportional to analyte concentration in the absence of an external power source. Also provided are systems and methods of using the, for example electrochemical, analyte sensors in analyte monitoring.08-26-2010
20090134023BIOSENSOR - In a biosensor of the present invention, BSA is contained in a reagent layer including a reagent which reacts specifically with glucose, and the glucose concentration in whole blood as a sample solution is electrochemically measured. When the sensor response characteristics when whole blood is used as the sample solution are measured, the influence by hematocrit to the sensor response characteristics is reduced according to the additive amount of BSA when the hematocrit value is in the range of 25% and below, while no BSA addition effect is recognized in the sensor response characteristics when the hematocrit value is in the range of 25 to 65%. Thereby, the influences by hematocrit and temperature can be reduced, and thus highly precise measurement can be performed.05-28-2009
20120125767Analyte Sensors and Methods of Use - Analyte sensors for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample. The sensors have a sample chamber having an inlet with a projection extending from an edge of the sensor for facilitating flow of sample into the sample chamber.05-24-2012
20100288634Transition Metal Complexes with Bidentate Ligand Having an Imidazole Ring - Novel transition metal complexes of iron, cobalt, ruthenium, osmium, and vanadium are described. The transition metal complexes can be used as redox mediators in enzyme based electrochemical sensors. In such instances, transition metal complexes accept electrons from, or transfer electrons to, enzymes at a high rate and also exchange electrons rapidly with the sensor. The transition metal complexes include at least one substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand and may further include a second substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand or a substituted or unsubstituted bipyridine or pyridylimidazole ligand. Transition metal complexes attached to polymeric backbones are also described.11-18-2010
20110180404Biosensor - In a biosensor for measuring a specific substance in a liquid sample, one or a combination of sugar alcohol, metallic salt, organic acid or organic acid salt which has at least one carboxyl group in a molecule, and organic acid or organic acid salt which has at least one carboxyl group and one amino group in a molecule, is included in a reagent layer provided on electrodes, thereby providing a highly-accurate biosensor which is excellent in stability and has high response (sensitivity, linearity) of the sensor to the substrate concentration.07-28-2011
20120132525REDOX POLYMERS FOR USE IN ANALYTE MONITORING - Polymers for use as redox mediators in electrochemical biosensors are described. The transition metal complexes attached to polymeric backbones can be used as redox mediators in enzyme based electrochemical sensors. In such instances, transition metal complexes accept electrons from, or transfer electrons to, enzymes at a high rate and also exchange electrons rapidly with the sensor. The transition metal complexes include at least one substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand and may further include a second substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand or a substituted or unsubstituted bipyridine or pyridylimidazole ligand.05-31-2012
20100270151METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ENZYMATIC REAGENT INK - A method for manufacturing an enzymatic reagent ink for use in analytical test strips (such as electrochemical-based analytical test strips configured for the determination of glucose in blood) includes determining a first relationship between wetability of a representative hydrophobic silica material (e.g., a hydrophobic fumed silica material) and at least a first calibration characteristic (for example, a calibration slope) of an analytical test strip that includes an enzymatic reagent ink containing the representative hydrophobic silica material. In the method, the first relationship defines a minimum wetability that provides an acceptable first calibration characteristic. The method also includes determining a second relationship defining wetability of a mixture of a particular hydrophobic silica material and a particular surfactant across a range of relative amount of the particular hydrophobic silica material and the particular surfactant and, subsequently, combining an amount of the particular hydrophobic silica material, an amount of the particular surfactant, and an amount of enzyme (such as glucose oxidase) to form an enzymatic reagent ink. Moreover, the amounts of the particular hydrophobic silica material and the particular surfactant are predetermined based on the second relationship to provide at least the minimum wetability defined by the first relationship.10-28-2010
20090065356BIOSENSOR - In a biosensor for measuring glucose in a liquid sample, an additive agent which is one of an organic acid or organic acid salt having at least one carboxyl group in a molecule, an organic acid or organic acid salt having at least one amino group or carbonyl group in a molecule, a sugar alcohol, and a solubilized protein, or a combination thereof is added into a reagent layer including glucose dehydrogenase having flavin adenine dinucleotide as a coenzyme, which is provided on an insulating substrate. Thereby, the substrate specificity to glucose and the preservation stability can be enhanced, and further, reactions to sugars other than glucose can be avoided.03-12-2009
20090020420Biosensor Chip and Biosensor Chip Production Method - It is intended to provide a biosensor chip capable of rapid and correct measurement, including a reaction chamber that enables a measurement of a very small amount of a measurement sample and has a small capacity and potassium ferricyanide having a very small crystal particle size disposed in the reaction chamber.01-22-2009
20110303538Redox Polymers - Novel transition metal complexes of iron, cobalt, ruthenium, osmium, and vanadium are described. The transition metal complexes can be used as redox mediators in enzyme based electrochemical sensors. In such instances, transition metal complexes accept electrons from, or transfer electrons to, enzymes at a high rate and also exchange electrons rapidly with the sensor. The transition metal complexes include at least one substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand and may further include a second substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand or a substituted or unsubstituted bipyridine or pyridylimidazole ligand. Transition metal complexes attached to polymeric backbones are also described.12-15-2011
20110303537Redox Polymers - Novel transition metal complexes of iron, cobalt, ruthenium, osmium, and vanadium are described. The transition metal complexes can be used as redox mediators in enzyme based electrochemical sensors. In such instances, transition metal complexes accept electrons from, or transfer electrons to, enzymes at a high rate and also exchange electrons rapidly with the sensor. The transition metal complexes include at least one substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand and may further include a second substituted or unsubstituted biimidazole ligand or a substituted or unsubstituted bipyridine or pyridylimidazole ligand. Transition metal complexes attached to polymeric backbones are also described.12-15-2011
20120261258TEST STRIPS, METHODS, AND SYSTEM OF MANUFACTURING TEST STRIP LOTS HAVING A PREDETERMINED CALIBRATION CHARACTERISTIC - Various embodiments of a technique in which test strip lots can be prepared without requiring a user to input any calibration information before performing a test measurement with a test strip from the test strip lots. In a first aspect, a method of manufacturing a plurality of test strips by adjusting amount of mediators and working electrode area is described. In another aspect, a method of preparing a reagent ink by adjusting the density of the reagent ink to substantially match a target density is described. In a further aspect, a method using a high numerical Shores Hardness squeegee in conjunction with high pressure is provided. In a further aspect, a method of performing an analyte measurement with a test meter, the test meter being configured to not receive a calibration input, and where the test strip manufactured to any one of the methods or techniques described and illustrated herein.10-18-2012
20120261259Potentiometric Sensor and Analytical Element - A potentiometric sensor with suppressed leak current on the surface of an electrode and improved for a dynamic range and a response speed, in which a redox compound is immobilized through insulative molecules on the surface of a gold electrode, and a current between a source and drain of an insulated gate field-effect transistor along with reaction between an oxidized substance or a reduced substance produced by the reaction of a measured substance in a sample solution injector for supplying the sample solution containing the measured substance and an enzyme and a redox compound on the surface of the gold electrode, is monitored on real time to measure the change of the surface potential.10-18-2012
20100236923Membrane System With Sufficient Buffering Capacity - Electrochemical sensors for measurement of an analyte comprising an analyte sensing membrane comprising at least one salt of acetate ion, carbonate ion, bicarbonate ion, or mixtures thereof. Sensor testing methods comprising contacting an electrochemical sensor with an aqueous solution comprising at least one salt of acetate ion, carbonate ion, bicarbonate ion, or mixtures thereof and contacting the electrochemical sensor with one or more concentrations of analyte, the one or more concentrations of analyte being in the clinical concentration range of the analyte.09-23-2010
20110266150Biosensor Strip - The present invention discloses a biosensor strip, which comprises: a base plate layer defining a first strip end and a second strip end; a conductive layer being disposed on the base plate layer and partitioned into at least two electrode paths; a reagent containing layer being disposed on the conductive layer and comprising a first through hole that is located at the first strip end and for accommodating a reagent solution, wherein the reagent solution comprises matrix, redox mediator, enzyme, surfactant, and a buffer solution; a channel forming layer being disposed on the reagent containing layer and comprising a gap portion that is located at the first strip end; and a cover layer being disposed on the channel forming layer and comprising a second through hole that exposes the partial area of the gap portion of the channel forming layer.11-03-2011
20120325658DETECTION DEVICE - A detection device that is used to detect a sample includes: a base component having on its surface a sample supply position to which the sample is supplied; an electrode system formed at a distance from the sample supply position on the surface of the base component; a sliding component having a slide body that performs a sliding movement over the surface of the base component, a sample receptacle portion provided in a portion of the slide body; and a supporting portion that is fixed to the base component and supports the sliding component such that it can perform the sliding movement relative to the base component. The base and the sliding components can perform the sliding movement within a range that includes an overlap position, where the sample receptacle portion overlaps with the electrode system, and the sample supply position.12-27-2012
20130015063DEVICE FOR MEASURING SUBSTRATE CONCENTRATION - The present invention provides a method for measuring a substrate concentration by accumulating an energy resulting from a reaction between a biocatalyst and a substrate recognized by the biocatalyst to a certain level; and using a dependency of an accumulation rate on the substrate concentration as an index; and a apparatus therefor. In particular, the present invention provides a method in which the measurement of the accumulation rate is carried out by measuring a frequency of an energy release in a certain amount of time when the energy accumulated in the capacitor reaches the certain level and is then released.01-17-2013
20100170793Small Volume In Vitro Analyte Sensor and Methods of Making - A sensor utilizing a non-leachable or diffusible redox mediator is described. The sensor includes a sample chamber to hold a sample in electrolytic contact with a working electrode, and in at least some instances, the sensor also contains a non-leachable or a diffusible second electron transfer agent. The sensor and/or the methods used produce a sensor signal in response to the analyte that can be distinguished from a background signal caused by the mediator. The invention can be used to determine the concentration of a biomolecule, such as glucose or lactate, in a biological fluid, such as blood or serum, using techniques such as coulometry, amperometry; and potentiometry. An enzyme capable of catalyzing the electrooxidation or electroreduction of the biomolecule is typically provided as a second electron transfer agent.07-08-2010
20100170792ELECTROSENSING ANTIBODY-PROBE DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT SENSOR - A sensor for electrosensing an antigen in a test sample is disclosed. The sensor has two electrodes electrically disconnected and physically separated from each other, and a layer of antibody is immobilized on the surface of at least one of the electrodes. The antibody has specific binding reactivity with the antigen. Conductivity promotion molecules may be tethered over and/or distributed between the antibody-populated electrodes for improving electrical conductivity characteristics across the two electrodes. The antibody captures the antigen present in the test sample mixed in a buffer solution that comes into contact with the antibody-populated electrodes. This alters the electrical conductivity characteristic across the two electrodes in which an amount representative of the altering provides an indication for electrosensing of the antigen.07-08-2010
20130020196BIOSENSOR - To provide a biosensor capable of measuring the concentration of specific component, such as glucose or neutral fat, in sample in a short time.01-24-2013
20090145755Wear-resistant electrochemical test sensor and method of forming the same - An electrochemical test sensor includes a base, a generally hard electrically-conductive layer, an electrochemically-active layer, and a lid. The electrically-conductive layer is located between the base and the electrochemically-active layer. The electrically-conductive layer and the electrochemically-active layer are made of a different material. The electrically-conductive layer and the electrochemically-active layer form an electrode pattern. The electrochemical test sensor includes a reagent adapted to assist in determining information related to an analyte of a fluid sample.06-11-2009
20080237041ANALYTE EVALUATION APPARATUS - This analyte evaluation apparatus has an analyte space for holding a liquid containing an analyte, a working electrode, a counter electrode and a reference electrode, and the potential of the working electrode is altered with respect to the potential of the reference electrode as the standard potential, and the behavior of the analyte is observed to thereby evaluate the analyte, and the working electrode is provided in the analyte space and the counter electrode and reference electrode are provided in an electrode medium container for holding an electrically conductive electrode medium while being connected via an electrically conductive communicating part for substantially blocking the passage of liquid from the analyte space.10-02-2008
20080230384LOW VOLUME ELECTROCHEMICAL BIOSENSOR - A biosensor in which at least one reagent constitutes a portion of a working electrode, a conductive track leading from a working electrode to an electrical contact associated with a working electrode, or an electrical contact associated with a working electrode. For example, the biosensor can have a mediator or an enzyme or both incorporated into the working electrode, into the conductive track leading from the working electrode to an electrical contact associated with the working electrode, and/or into the electrical contact associated with the working electrode. Other reagents can be dispensed on the electrode itself either directly or by impregnating a matrix, such as a mesh or a membrane, with the enzyme, and then placing the impregnated mesh or membrane over the electrode.09-25-2008
20130126350Mediator For Test Sensor - A method of forming a 3-phenylimino-3H-phenothiazine or a 3-phenylimino-3H-phenoxazine mediator includes providing a first reactant including phenothiazine or phenoxazine, providing a first solvent, providing a second reactant and providing a second solvent. The first reactant, first solvent, second reactant and second solvent are combined to form a reactants solution. Sodium persulfate is added to the reactants solution to couple the first and second reactants resulting in a reaction solution including the 3-phenylimino-3H-phenothiazine or the 3-phenylimino-3H-phenoxazine mediator.05-23-2013
20100314248RENEWABLE BIOELECTRONIC INTERFACE FOR ELECTROBIOCATALYTIC REACTOR - An inexpensive, easily renewable bioelectronic device useful for bioreactors, biosensors, and biofuel cells includes an electrically conductive carbon electrode and a bioelectronic interface bonded to a surface of the electrically conductive carbon electrode, wherein the bioelectronic interface includes catalytically active material that is electrostatically bound directly or indirectly to the electrically conductive carbon electrode to facilitate easy removal upon a change in pH, thereby allowing easy regeneration of the bioelectronic interface.12-16-2010
20130153416MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE - A microfluidic device includes a micro-channel that defines a plane. A plurality of drive electrodes is located on a first side of the plane. At least one ground electrode is operable to establish an electric potential with the plurality of drive electrodes. An array of electrochemical biosensors is located on a second, opposite side of the plane.06-20-2013
20110308945GENETIC ANALYSIS LOC DEVICE WITH THICK ELECTRODES FOR ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENT DETECTION OF TARGET SEQUENCES - A lab-on-a-chip (LOC) device for detecting a target nucleic acid sequence in a sample, the LOC device having probes with a nucleic acid sequence complementary to the target nucleic acid sequence for forming probe-target hybrids, and an electrochemiluminescent (ECL) luminophore, electrodes for generating an excited state in the ECL luminophore in which the ECL luminophore emits photons of light, and, a photosensor for sensing the photons emitted from the ECL luminophore, wherein, the photosensor has a planar active surface area for receiving the light from the ECL luminophore and the electrodes are between 0.25 micron and 2 microns thick in a direction normal to the planar active surface area of the photodiodes.12-22-2011
20110308944Electrochemical Sensor and Method for Manufacturing Same - The present invention provides an electrochemical sensor comprising a substrate, an electrically conductive layer made of carbon particles which is disposed on the substrate, a cell membrane mimetic structure layer containing an enzyme at least one of inside the cell membrane mimetic structure layer and on the interface of the cell membrane mimetic structure layer which is disposed on the electrically conductive layer.12-22-2011
20130186755Biosensor Desiccant System Having Enhanced Measurement Performance - A biosensor system for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample includes a plurality of test sensors, and includes a container including a desiccant and the plurality of test sensors, sealed in the container. When the container is stored for two weeks at a temperature of 50° C., and each test sensor is subsequently removed from the container, connected through the at least two conductors to a measurement device and then contacted with one of a plurality of samples including an analyte, where the plurality of samples has analyte concentrations that span the range of 50 mg/dL-600 mg/dL, and the analyte concentration in each sample is determined by the test sensor and the measuring device, the bias of each determined analyte concentration may be within ±10 mg/dL or ±10%, and the coefficient of variation of the determined analyte concentrations may be at most 2.5%.07-25-2013
20120018302BIOSENSOR UNIT AND BIOSENSOR SYSTEM - The biosensor unit has a substrate composed of a subcutaneously retained part that is retained under the skin and a base part that is placed on the skin surface. The biosensor unit comprises a sensor part detecting numerical information regarding a substance to be measured as electric signals, a signal amplifying part amplifying the electric signals, a CPU including a calculation part A/D converting the amplified electric signals and processing them to create transmittable data, a storage storing electric signals and data, a transmission part transmitting data to an external device through optical communication, and a battery part for drive. The sensor part is provided on the subcutaneously retained part and the transmission part is provided on the base part.01-26-2012
20120018301NANOELECTRONIC ELECTROCHEMICAL TEST DEVICE - Nanoelectronic devices for the detection and quantification of biomolecules are provided. In certain embodiments, the devices are configured to detect and measure blood glucose levels. Also provided are methods of fabricating nanoelectronic devices for the detection of biomolecules.01-26-2012
20130192987BIOSENSOR AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A biosensor according to the present invention includes a first base material having an insulating surface; an adhesive layer located on the insulating surface of the first base material; and an electrode system and wiring sections fixed to the first base material via the adhesive layer. The electrode system includes top electrode layers and bottom electrode layers, and the bottom electrode layers are formed of a material having a higher conductivity than that of the top electrode layers; the electrode system includes a working electrode and a counter electrode, and also includes an enzyme reaction section located on the working electrode, the enzyme reaction section containing an enzyme and an electron acceptor; and the bottom electrode layers and the wiring sections are integral with each other.08-01-2013

Patent applications in class Enzyme included in apparatus