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Analysis and testing

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204 - Chemistry: electrical and wave energy

204193000 - APPARATUS

204194000 - Electrolytic

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
204403010 Biological material (e.g., microbe, enzyme, antigen, etc.) analyzed, tested, or included in apparatus 307
204421000 Solid electrolyte 98
204406000 With significant electrical circuitry or nominal computer device 66
204412000 Three or more electrodes 42
204431000 Gas sensing electrode 41
204415000 Selectively permeable membrane 34
204416000 Ion-sensitive electrode 32
204407000 With significant display or analytical device 15
204408000 With means for temperature or pressure compensation 14
204409000 With means providing specified-flow condition or flow-path 14
204435000 Standard reference electrode 10
204401000 Fault testing of sensor or component 9
204404000 Corrosion 8
204433000 Measuring carbon or pH 5
20090026078Controlled activation pH sensor - The present invention pertains to a means of combining and configuring specific hydrophilic and dielectric materials in such a way as to allow an antimony/reference electrode pH sensor to be packaged and stored dry yet become fully hydrated to an activated state after exposure to aqueous liquids. The sensor is packaged and stored dry to maintain component stability and minimize component degradation. When the user removes the sensor from the package and the sensor tip is submerged in a hydration (ion conduction) media or solution, the hydrophilic coating along with the impregnated reference wick, absorb the fluid to create an electrolytic gel inside the reference wick, which activates the pH sensor.01-29-2009
20080308421Device for the Adjustment of the Ph of Aqueous Solutions - A device for adjustment of the pH of a target liquid includes a working electrode (12-18-2008
20100140089FLEXIBLE pH SENSORS AND pH SENSING SYSTEMS USING THE SAME - This invention provides an extended gate ion-sensitive field effect transistor as a pH sensor for measuring the pH value of a solution under test. This invention also provides a pH sensing system comprising a separable and flexible pH sensor for measuring the pH value of a solution under test, wherein the transistor of the pH sensor can be prevented from direct contact with the solution.06-10-2010
20100059375Metal salt hydrogen sulfide sensor - A hydrogen sulfide sensor is made from a metal acetate film, such as a thin film of copper acetate, formed on a set of monitoring electrodes, by evaporation of a metal acetate aqueous solution disposed on the electrodes, for detecting a weak gas, such as hydrogen sulfide, carried in a gas carrier, such as a nitrogen carrier, for detecting low concentration of the weak gas, such as ten ppm, when the conductivity of the film changes by several orders of magnitude, that produces a metal sulfide, such as copper sulfide, that is a good electrical conductor at room temperature, for example, as the metal acetate is converted directly to a metal sulfide upon exposure to hydrogen sulfide.03-11-2010
20120055791DEVICE FOR DETECTING AN ANALYTE IN A FLOWABLE SAMPLE - A pH sensor device for continuously measuring pH in a flowable sample, the device including a housing having a channel and cavity for capturing and directing a sample aliquot to a pH sensor. The pH sensor device may further include a porous material placed adjacent to the pH sensor to attract a sample aliquot to the pH sensor via capillary force.03-08-2012
204434000 Involving plating, coating or stripping 4
20090194418NANOMATERIAL OBSERVATION SAMPLE PREPARATION APPARATUS AND PREPARATION METHOD - An observation sample is prepared by immobilizing a nanomaterial on a substrate 08-06-2009
20110290646WAFER DEFECT ANALYZING APPARATUS, ION ABSTRACTION APPARATUS FOR SAME, AND WAFER DEFECT ANALYZING METHOD USING SAME - Disclosed herein are a wafer defect analysis apparatus, an ion extraction device used therein and a wafer defect analysis method using the same, which separate a decoration process and an ion extraction process from each other during decoration of defective regions of a wafer and circulate an electrolyte in the ion extraction device, in which ion extraction has been completed, thus minimizing time consumed for the decoration process, thereby greatly reducing an overall time taken to perform decoration and thus shortening a wafer defect analysis time and improving efficiency of defect analysis. The wafer defect analysis apparatus, the ion extraction device used therein and the wafer defect analysis method using the same improve activity of ions during extraction of the ions for the decoration process, thereby considerably shortening an ion extraction time.12-01-2011
20110174618SAMPLE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM - The present invention relates to a sample measurement system. In particular the invention relates to a sample measurement system for measuring certain selected properties of a liquid substrate, such as the glucose levels in a blood sample. More particularly the invention relates to a sample measurement system for performing electrochemical measurements on a sample, the system comprising a sampling plate with a loading port for receiving a liquid substrate; and a measurement device; wherein the sampling plate comprises a sample zone with at least two discrete testing zones, which sample zone is arranged, in use, to separate the liquid substrate into at least two discrete samples, such that each sample occupies a respective testing zone; and the measurement device is operable to communicate with the sampling plate to measure one or more selected properties of any of the at least two samples.07-21-2011
20110024291SUPPORT FOR A THIN ELEMENT, QUARTZ MICROBALANCE INCLUDING SUCH A SUPPORT AND A SAMPLE HOLDER INCLUDING SUCH A SUPPORT - A support for a thin element in an electrically conducting or semi-conducting material, one face of which is intended to be put into contact with a liquid or gas medium, the support has a first part provided with a central through-passage with a longitudinal axis, said passage including at least one first and one second portion with a different diameter connected to each other through a shoulder, said shoulder being intended for supporting said thin element; a second part penetrating into the passage with the end opposite to the one intended to be exposed to the liquid solution, capable of maintaining the thin element on the shoulder; and a seal between the thin element and the shoulder.02-03-2011
204402000 Regeneration or activation 3
20100108507LIQUID PROPERTY DETECTING DEVICE - A liquid property detecting device includes a switch portion switching an electrode to charge with a standard voltage generated by a generator, or discharge through a grounding. An operation signal output portion outputs an operation signal to the switch portion so as to switch in a predetermined switch period. A voltage of the electrode is output as a detection signal, when the standard voltage is applied to the electrode. A signal process portion calculates liquid property based on the detection signals. A gain of the signal process portion relative to the detection signal is increased, as the detection signal is decreased.05-06-2010
20090084677GAS SENSOR CONTROL APPARATUS - The gas sensor control apparatus is for controlling a gas sensor including a sensor element having a solid electrolyte layer, and first and second electrodes located on opposite sides of the solid electrolyte layer, the first electrode serving as a gas detecting electrode, the second electrode serving as a reference electrode, the sensor element generating, as a sensor output, a current flowing between the first and second electrodes having a value depending on concentration of a specific gas component contained in a gas under measurement. The gas sensor control apparatus includes a determination function of determining whether or not it is time for the gas sensor to start operation, and a control function of forcibly supplying oxygen from a side of the second electrode to a side of the first electrode on a temporary basis when a determination result of the first function becomes affirmative.04-02-2009
20100307916TEMPERATURE ESTIMATIONS IN A BLOOD GLUCOSE MEASURING DEVICE - Methods of estimating the temperature of a reaction site on a measurement strip in a blood glucose measuring devices are provided. In one embodiment, a method includes determining an activation initiation time, an activation duration time, a thermal magnitude and a temperature elevation for heat generating components within a device. The temperature elevation for each of the heat generating components is determined at least in part by an impulse response matrix [X12-09-2010
204414000 Gel electrolyte 3
20130153417REFERENCE ELECTRODE - A reference electrode for improving a product life cycle without using a gelled hydrophobic ionic liquid having a prescribed hardness or viscosity and without having a large thickness so as to be difficult to manufacture is provided. The reference electrode is provided with a housing for accommodating an internal electrode, a filler for electrically connecting the internal electrode, and a sample liquid. The filler is formed having a layer between the internal electrode and an opening formed in the housing for contacting the sample liquid and the filler. The filler includes a first layer including a water soluble electrolytic solution formed to be in contact with the internal electrode a second layer including a hydrophobic ionic liquid formed to be in contact with the first layer; and a third layer including a gelled hydrophobic ionic liquid formed in the opening so as to be in contact with the second layer.06-20-2013
20120125772Printed Gas Sensor - A printed gas sensor is disclosed. The sensor may include a porous substrate, an electrode layer, a liquid or gel electrolyte layer, and an encapsulation layer. The electrode layer comprises two or more electrodes that are formed on one side of the porous substrate. The liquid or gel electrolyte layer is in electrolytic contact with the two or more electrodes. The encapsulation layer encapsulates the electrode layer and electrolyte layer thereby forming an integrated structure with the porous substrate.05-24-2012
20110308947REFERENCE ELECTRODE - A reference electrode, especially for a potentiometric measuring cell, comprising: a housing, which surrounds a housing interior, which contains a reference electrolyte and at least a part of a sensing system for sensing a potential of the reference electrode. The reference electrolyte is in contact with a medium surrounding the housing, especially a measured medium, via at least one bore traversing through a housing wall of the housing, and wherein the bore has an inner diameter of no more than 50 μm at its narrowest point and a length of no more than 200 μm.12-22-2011
204405000 Titration 1
20090308745PROCESS FOR ENHANCED TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON REMOVAL WHILE MAINTAINING OPTIMUM MEMBRANE FILTER PERFORMANCE - A system and process for enhancing total organic carbon (“TOC”) removal from raw, untreated water while maintaining optimum membrane filter performance. The present invention overcomes many of the disadvantages of prior art water filtration systems by controlling the pH level of the water, prior to the water being directed through said membrane filter, so that the particulate charge of the water aligns with the electromagnetic surface charge of membrane filter. Maintaining the particulate charge of the water within an optimum charge window for the particular membrane filter enhances the membrane filter's performance by decreasing the fouling rate of the membrane filter.12-17-2009
20110198220Electrolyte sensor using conductive elastomer - An electrolyte sensor that uses conductive elastomer electrodes. Examples of the intended analytes for sensor use include those found in urine, saliva, blood, feces and spinal fluid, although other analytes exist for electrolyte detection. Conductive elastomer trace electrodes are separated by a gap or channel which can be bridged by an electrolyte and thereby complete an electrical circuit to an alarm or other circuitry. Gap or channel distances vary the level of electrical resistance associated with detecting certain electrolytes.08-18-2011
20100147682PROBE FOR MEASURING ELECTRIC POTENTIAL OF CELL - A probe for measuring an electric potential of a cell includes a plate having a surface having a first cavity provided therein, and a sensor element provided in the first cavity. A second cavity is provided in the bottom surface of the first cavity. The first flow passage having first and second openings is provided in the plate. The first and second openings of the first flow passage open to the second cavity and outside the plate, respectively. The sensor element includes a thin plate, and a supporting substrate provided around the thin plate and in the first cavity of the plate. The thin plate has a through-hole therein having a first opening and a second opening communicating with the second cavity of the plate. The first flow passage allows fluid to flow therein. A sucking device is coupled with the second opening of the first flow passage as to suck the fluid flowing in the first flow passage. This probe can measure an electric potential of a cell floating in solution as it is in this environment.06-17-2010
20100012490TEST STRIP WITH OPTICAL IDENTIFICATION PATTERNS AND TEST INSTRUMENT USING THE SAME - The present invention discloses a test strip with optical identification patterns and a test instrument using the same characterized in that the test strip incorporates an identification area. Different combinations of optical identification patterns on the identification area create different digital identification signals. After the test strip is inserted into the test instrument, the test instrument will obtain the digital identification signal and learn the test code, analysis parameters, expiry date and batch number of the test strip. Thereby, the test instrument can verify the batch number and expiry date of the test strip, perform calibration according to the analysis parameters, and provide a correct test result. The present invention can provide many sets of digital identification signals to differentiate test strips. Therefore, the present invention can be operated fast, conveniently and correctly and can prevent a user from forgetting to calibrate the test instrument.01-21-2010
20100006431Self-Powered Sensing Devices - A self powered sensing device (01-14-2010
20090301875IONIC POLYMER DEVICES AND METHODS OF FABRICATING THE SAME - An ionic polymer composite device and methods for fabricating the ionic polymer composite device are provided. The ionic polymer composite device includes two extended electrode layers, each extended electrode layer including at least one ionic polymer with a plurality of electrically conductive particles, and a dielectric layer including at least one sulfonated poly ether sulfone polymer or a derivative between the two extended electrode layers.12-10-2009
20090301874Electrochemical Sensor - A combination electrode, including: A first tube; a measuring membrane, which sealedly closes the first tube to form a measuring chamber; a second tube, which surrounds the first tube and is connected borderingly with the first tube to form an annular reference chamber; a buffer solution located in the measuring chamber; an electrolyte solution located in the reference chamber; a first tapping electrode in contact with the buffer solution; and a second tapping electrode in contact with the electrolyte; wherein, additionally, arranged in the reference chamber is an axially shiftable, annular, sealing element, which bounds the volume occupied by the electrolyte solution, the sealing element is biased by means of an electrically conductive, elastic, deformation element, which surrounds the first tube, and the second tapping electrode is electrically connected with the deformation element, in order to tap the potential of the second electrode via the deformation element.12-10-2009
20090301873REDOX MEDIATORS - The present application is directed to complexes according to Formulae (I) or (II) as described herein, and their use as redox mediators in electrochemical biosensors.12-10-2009
20090260984Ultra-Sensitive Simultaneous Electrochemical Determination of Arsenic, Mercury and Copper - A sensor for the simultaneous detection of inorganic contaminants, As (III), Hg (II) and Cu (II) in water and having a limit of detection of 0.02 ppb, comprising a conducting support having a layer comprised of a three dimensional silicate network comprised of thiol tail groups immobilized with citrate stabilized gold nanoparticles, wherein the gold nanoparticles have a size in the range of 70 to 100 nm.10-22-2009
20120111725TWO-DIMENSIONAL CONTROL OF ELECTROCHEMICAL SURFACE POTENTIALS - A method for providing a two dimensional spatially varying surface potential on a surface of a conductive substrate and use thereof. The method comprises providing a conductive substrate having a first conductive surface and comprising an array of “n” electrical potential contact points spatially arranged in two dimensions on the first conductive surface, wherein “n” is at least 3. An electrical potential is then applied to each of the “n” electrical contact points, wherein the electrical potentials applied to at least two of the “n” electrical potential contact points are different. Also disclosed are methods and applications for use of the methods disclosed herein.05-10-2012
20090014325ELECTRO-CHEMICAL SENSOR - An electro-chemical sensor for methane is described having a catalyst to react methane or other low molecular weight hydrocarbons and a detector to detect the turnover or reaction rate and using such information to determine the concentration of the methane or other low molecular weight species. The sensor is preferably used for measurements in a wellbore.01-15-2009
20090008246Cartridge for Containing and Dispensing Test Sensors - A cartridge comprises a plurality of test sensors, a housing and a window. The plurality of test sensors is adapted to be used in determining the concentration of an analyte of a fluid sample. The plurality of test sensors is in a stacked position. The housing includes an interior, at one least wall and a sensor-discharge opening. The housing is adapted to contain the plurality of test sensors within the interior of the housing. The window is disposed within the at least one wall of the housing. The window permits a user of the cartridge to visually determine the number of test sensors remaining within the interior of the housing. The cartridge is adapted to dispense the plurality of test sensors one at a time from the sensor-dispensing opening.01-08-2009
20120267245ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSORS WITH CARRIER - An electrochemical sensing apparatus and methods are provided. In one embodiment, an apparatus is provided having a carrier that supports an electrochemical module and that communicates between electrodes on the electrochemical module and an analyte measurement device.10-25-2012
20100089749OZONESONDE HAVING A HYDROTHERMAL BUFFER - An ozonesonde for in-situ measurement of stratospheric ozone concentration profiles by balloon launches includes a hydrothermal buffer having a vessel surrounding a measurement cell having an aqueous reaction solution. The aqueous reaction solution has melting and boiling points dependent on a salt content. A pump is configured to pass ambient air through the aqueous reaction solution. The vessel of the hydrothermal buffer is fillable with water to a level that is at least as high as a level of the aqueous reaction solution in the measurement cell. A melting point of the water is higher than the melting point of the aqueous reaction solution and a boiling point of the water is lower than the boiling point of the aqueous reaction solution so that a temperature in the measurement cell is stabilized between the melting point and the boiling point of the aqueous reaction solution, upon the ozonesonde reaching the stratosphere, by a transfer of energy to or from the aqueous reaction solution in a thermodynamically passive process in an earlier phase transition of the water before a reaching of a triple point of the water.04-15-2010
20110011738TEST STRIP WITH SLOT VENT OPENING - A test strip with a covering layer having a novel slot. The slot divides the inventive covering layer into two parts and provides a vent opening that allows air to escape as fluid enters a cavity or sample receiving chamber formed in the test strip. In preferred embodiments, the covering layer is clear such that the user can see through it and the slot doubles as a “fill line.” The user can thus watch the fluid sample enter the test strip, progress through the capillary cavity, and then stop at the slot or fill-line. This provides positive assurance to the user that the sample size is sufficient and the test strip has been filled properly. The present invention also provides an advantageous method of mass-producing the inventive test strips without having to align the slot or vent opening laterally with respect to the test strips and without having to punch a vent opening. The method is also well suited to mass production by roll processing techniques.01-20-2011
20110297539WATER QUALITY ANALYZER - A water quality analyzer comprises: sensor electrodes 12-08-2011
20080283395WATER POLLUTION SENSOR FOR DETECTING HEAVY METAL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A water pollution sensor for detecting a heavy metal, the water pollution sensor including: a base member; a conductive layer formed at a portion of one of surfaces of the base member and consisting of a conductive material; an insulating layer formed on the conductive layer to enable a portion of the conductive layer to be exposed; and a bismuth layer formed on a portion of the exposed conductive layer and including bismuth powders.11-20-2008
20100270148CELL ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL SENSOR - A cell electrophysiological sensor is provided with: a well having a wall formed by at least one curved face, with opening sections being formed on the two ends thereof; a frame substrate having a through hole and an electrode; a cell electrophysiological sensor chip that is provided with a thin plate having a second through hole; and a void substrate, and in this structure, the frame substrate has a thickness greater than the thickness of the cell electrophysiological sensor chip and the opening diameter of the third opening section is made larger than the opening diameter of the fourth opening section.10-28-2010
20110198221Passive Micro-vessel and Sensor - An electrically passive device and method for in-situ acoustic emission, and/or releasing, sampling and/or measuring of a fluid or various material(s) is provided. The device may provide a robust timing mechanism to release, sample and/or perform measurements on a predefined schedule, and, in various embodiments, emits an acoustic signal sequence(s) that may be used for triangulation of the device position within, for example, a hydrocarbon reservoir or a living body.08-18-2011
20080302658OXIDE BODY, PIEZOELECTRIC DEVICE, AND LIQUID DISCHARGE DEVICE - An oxide body formed of one or more of ferroelectric materials and antiferroelectric materials which exhibit asymmetric double hysteresis in a bipolar polarization-electric field characteristic obtained under a condition that the maximum value of an electric field applied to the oxide body and the magnitude of the minimum value of the electric field are equal (i.e., Emax=|Emin|), where the curve indicating the bipolar polarization-electric field characteristic has at least five points of inflection, and the maximum value of polarization of the oxide body and the magnitude of the minimum value of the polarization are different (i.e., Pmax≠|Pmin|).12-11-2008
20100276284SENSOR FOR DETECTING NITROSOTHIOLS - A device for detecting nitrosothiol content in a solution includes at least two electrodes disposed in a housing, wherein one of the at least two electrodes is a working electrode having a platinized tip and the other of the at least two electrodes is a counter electrode. A filter membrane is disposed at an end of the housing and is configured to come in contact with the solution. The filter membrane and at least a portion of the working electrode have a material coated thereon. The material includes a polymer and a source of copper dispersed within the material. The material and the platinized tip are configured to come into contact with the solution containing nitrosothiols to convert the nitrosothiols to nitric oxide in order to detect the nitrosothiol content.11-04-2010
20100276285Analysis Tool and Manufacturing Method Thereof - This aims to provide an analyzing tool including a substrate, a first electrode formed on the substrate and having an action pole, a second electrode formed on the substrate and having an opposed pole, and a first regulating element for regulating such a contact area in the action pole as to contact a specimen. The analyzing tool further comprises second regulating elements for regulating the effective area for electron transfers in at least one of the action pole and the opposed pole.11-04-2010
20100140086Methods and apparatus for improved luminescence assays using microparticles - A method and apparatus for performing electrochemiluminescence assays are presented. In exemplary embodiments of the present invention an apparatus comprises an ECL-inactive electrode surface having a first assay-ligand immobilized thereon and an ECL-active microparticle having a second assay ligand immobilized thereon. In exemplary embodiments of the present invention a method comprises (a) forming a mixture comprising an electrochemiluminescent label and a microparticle having a first assay-ligand immobilized thereon, (b) applying electrochemical energy to an electrode surface in the presence of said mixture, and (c) measuring emitted electrochemiluminescence, where the microparticle is ECL-active and where the electrode surface is ECL-inactive when electrochemical energy is applied to it in the presence of said mixture.06-10-2010
20090026074ELECTROCHEMICAL TEST STRIPS - An easily manufactured electrochemical test strip is made with facing electrode but side by side connectors for insertion into an electrochemical test meter. Current is conducted from the electrode on one layer to a connector on the other by a conductive layer disposed adjacent the end of a spacer layer, or by displacing the layer to bring a conductive surface on it into contact with the connector.01-29-2009
20090173628Analyte Monitoring Device and Methods of Use - An analyte monitor includes a sensor, a sensor control unit, and a display unit. The sensor has, for example, a substrate, a recessed channel formed in the substrate, and conductive material disposed in the recessed channel to form a working electrode. The sensor control unit typically has a housing adapted for placement on skin and is adapted to receive a portion of an electrochemical sensor. The sensor control unit also includes two or more conductive contacts disposed on the housing and configured for coupling to two or more contact pads on the sensor. A transmitter is disposed in the housing and coupled to the plurality of conductive contacts for transmitting data obtained using the sensor. The display unit has a receiver for receiving data transmitted by the transmitter of the sensor control unit and a display coupled to the receiver for displaying an indication of a level of an analyte. The analyte monitor may also be part of a drug delivery system to alter the level of the analyte based on the data obtained using the sensor.07-09-2009
20090152109MICROELECTRODE ARRAY - Microelectrode comprising a body formed from electrically non-conducting material and including at least one region of electrically conducting material and at least one passage extending through the body of non-conducting material and the region of conducting material, the electrically conducting region presenting an area of electrically conducting material to a fluid flowing through the passage in use. An electrochemical cell which includes such a microelectrode is also disclosed.06-18-2009
20120103805DIAGNOSIS OF A CRACKED MULTI-CHAMBER SOLID-ELECTROLYTE GAS SENSOR - A diagnosis method and a gas sensor that is adapted to perform the diagnosis method are described for detecting a damage of a gas sensor causing a malfunction, particularly a crack, wherein the gas sensor has at least two chambers with one chamber comprising a reference gas. The method includes pumping out gas of one of the chambers, measuring a value of a variable being proportional to the concentration of the gas as a function of time, comparing the measured variable value and/or the measured time to a predetermined threshold, detecting a damage of the sensor if the measured variable value and/or the measured time is outside the interval of normal mode of operation defined by the corresponding predetermined threshold.05-03-2012
20100163410ELECTRONIC DETECTION OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS - A hybridization detecting device, wherein a probe cell has a body of semiconductor material forming a diaphragm, a first electrode on the diaphragm, a piezoelectric region on the first electrode, a second electrode on the piezoelectric region and a detection layer on the second electrode. The body accommodates a buried cavity downwardly delimiting the diaphragm.07-01-2010
20100187105Microfabricated Elastomeric Valve And Pump Systems - A method of fabricating an elastomeric structure, comprising: forming a first elastomeric layer on top of a first micromachined mold, the first micromachined mold having a first raised protrusion which forms a first recess extending along a bottom surface of the first elastomeric layer; forming a second elastomeric layer on top of a second micromachined mold, the second micromachined mold having a second raised protrusion which forms a second recess extending along a bottom surface of the second elastomeric layer; bonding the bottom surface of the second elastomeric layer onto a top surface of the first elastomeric layer such that a control channel forms in the second recess between the first and second elastomeric layers; and positioning the first elastomeric layer on top of a planar substrate such that a flow channel forms in the first recess between the first elastomeric layer and the planar substrate.07-29-2010
20090032394IONIC POLYMER DEVICES AND METHODS OF FABRICATING THE SAME - An embodiment provides an ionic polymer device comprising two extended electrode layers comprising a plurality of conductive particles, wherein the plurality of conductive particles form a concentration gradient in each of the two extended electrode layers, an ionic polymer dielectric layer between two extended electrode layers, and at least one conductive layer on outer surfaces of two extended electrode layers. Another embodiment provides an ionic polymer device comprising a polymer composite with a plurality of surface features on two opposite surfaces, and at least one conductive layer on each of said two opposite surfaces. One embodiment provides a method of making an ionic polymer device, comprising forming a partially cured polymer-metallic salt layer, reducing the metallic salt to form a plurality of metal particles, thereby forming a first extended electrode layer and a second extended electrode layer at and near opposite surfaces of the ionic polymer device.02-05-2009
20110073473THREE-DIMENSIONALLY ORDERED MACROPOROUS SENSOR APPARATUS AND METHOD - A three-dimensionally ordered macroporous sensor apparatus and method of forming the same. A direct opal film associated with a number of pores can be formed by vertical deposition of one or more nanospheres on a glass substrate. The thickness of the direct opal film can be controlled by concentration of the nanospheres. A mixture of a precursor/monomer of a sensing material and a complexing agent can be filled into the pores associated with the direct opal film, such that the mixture permeates the interstitial spaces between the pores. The nanospheres may then be removed in order to form a three dimensionally-ordered macroporous electrode with an inverse opal structure. Optionally, the sensing material can be coated on an inverse opal backbone structure formed from an external inactive material and utilizing a coating operation.03-31-2011
20090127111Water-Proof Electrochemical Sensor - A water-proof electrochemical sensor for in situ analysis and real-time monitoring of chemical and biological compounds in a liquid analyte, such as a water column, or a water column/sediment interface, or sediment. The water-proof electrochemical sensor assembly comprises an electrode body that is resistant to high temperatures and pressure and includes a semi-hard o-ring or collar. A resilient elastomeric boot, that has an internal groove which is adapted to form a tight pressure-fit with the collar is installable on the electrode body. One end of the boot has an opening adapted to form an interference fit with a pin contact for electrical connections with external equipment and the other end of the boot has an opening adapted to form an interference fit with the electrode body whereby a water-proof seal is formed.05-21-2009
20080314744Interdigitated Microelectrode and a Process For Producing the Interdigitated Microelectrode - An interdigitated microelectrode (12-25-2008
20080202926Detector for Chemical Sensor Device and Use Thereof - Disclosed is a detector for chemical sensor devices, the detector being improved in detection sensitivity. Also disclosed is use of such a detector for chemical sensor devices. Specifically, disclosed is a detector for chemical sensor devices by which a substance to be measured is detected by adsorbing the substance contained in a medium on the surface thereof. The detector includes an adsorption layer containing hydroxyapatite or a substituted apatite obtained by substituting a part of elements in hydroxyapatite on a surface which is used for detecting the substance to be measured. Such a detector is greatly improved in detection sensitivity, and thus able to detect a very small amount of a chemical substance.08-28-2008
20100282605Apparatus for Detecting Nano Particle Having Nano-Gap Electrode - The present invention relates to a nanoparticle sensor which is capable to identify an existence/nonexistence, a concentration, a size distribution and a component of the nanoparticles using an electrode pair having a separated distance of a nano-gap, in which the nanoparticle sensor includes a unit element configured with a plurality of unit electrodes electrically operated independently from each other and detects the nanoparticles based on the number of the unit electrodes electrically changed due to the nanoparticles captured into the nano-gap. The nanoparticle sensor of the present invention can detect the component, the size, the size distribution and the concentration of the nanoparticles by single measurement, have high reliability and regeneration while reducing a detection time by statistical method via a plurality of electrode pairs having the nano-gap, and detect even very low concentration of nanoparticles.11-11-2010
20110094880: EXPLOSION-PROOF SENSOR - An explosion-proof sensor for detecting combustible gases is provided with a glass seal (04-28-2011
20120037505DIAMOND MICROELECTRODES - A microlectrode comprising a diamond layer formed from electrically non-conducting diamond and containing one or more pins or projections of electrically conducting diamond extending at least partially through the layer of non-conducting diamond presenting areas of electrically conducting diamond.02-16-2012
20100294659LABEL-FREE MOLECULE DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT - A system and method for electrically detecting a target material in a sample without the need for labeling is described. A probe supporting member (11-25-2010
20110155571NANO-MATERIAL CATALYST DEVICE - A catalyst member comprising a blended mixture of nano-scale metal particles compressed with larger metal particles and sintered to form a structurally stable member of any desired shape. The catalyst member can be used in one of many different applications; for example, as an electrode in a fuel cell or in an electrolysis device to generate hydrogen and oxygen.06-30-2011
20120160676ELECTRODE DEVICE FOR AN ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR CHIP - An electrode device for an electrochemical sensor chip includes an insulation sheet having an insulating property and including a top surface and a bottom surface opposite to each other in a thickness direction, and electrode members having a conductivity and held by the insulation sheet with the electrode members piercing the insulation sheet in a thickness direction, one ends of the electrode members located on the top surface side of the insulation sheet being connected to an analyte, the other ends located on the bottom surface side of the insulation sheet being connected to an electrodes of a transducer.06-28-2012
20120211360Analyte Monitoring Devices - Covers for covering an opening in an analyte meter, and meters that include the same are provided.08-23-2012
20100206727TEST STRIP COMPRISING PATTERNED ELECTRODES - Described herein is an analyte test strip and method for making the test strip. The test strip utilizes isolated conductive areas to define electrode whiskers. The method utilizes laser ablation to define electrode patterns.08-19-2010
20120247955ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY - The electrode assembly is provided with: a rod-like body 1 that extends along a predetermined axis ; a substrate that is formed with a through-hole penetrating between a front surface and a back surface and attached to a fore end part of the body; and a sensor chip for electrochemical measurement, which is attached on the back surface of the substrate such that a sensing part is exposed outside from the through-hole, wherein: on the back surface of the substrate, a wiring for obtaining an output signal from the ISFET chip is formed, and the sensor chip is attached to the wiring directly or closely; and the substrate is attached with being inclined with respect to the predetermined axis of the body, and thereby the front surface of the substrate forms at least a part of a fore end surface that is inclined with respect to the predetermined axis.10-04-2012
20120168305Reader Devices for Manipulating Multi-Fluidic Cartridges for Sample Analysis - A reader for mechanical actuation of fluids within a test cartridge. The instrument interface including multiple independently-controlled plungers aligned to respective fluidic pouches on a test cartridge that is inserted into a testing apparatus embodying the instrument interface. The plungers include tips for applying mechanical force to the respective fluidic pouches.07-05-2012
20100012491HIGH UNIFORMITY BORON DOPED DIAMOND MATERIAL - The present invention relates to diamond material comprising a boron doped single crystal diamond substrate layer having a first surface and a boron doped single crystal diamond conductive layer on said first surface, wherein the distribution of boron in the conductive layer is more uniform than the distribution of boron in the substrate layer.01-21-2010
20120073966ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR STRIP - An electrochemical sensor strip includes an electrode support and a cover plate, which cooperatively defines a sample receiving space, an opening, and a sample passage. The electrode support has a downstream recessed region defining the sample receiving space and formed with a plurality of through holes. Electrodes are disposed respectively in the through holes. At least one of the electrodes has a lowered top surface that is lowered relative to a surface of the downstream recessed region to define a shallow space. A filter extends into the sample receiving space from the opening and through the sample passage and covers a portion of a reaction reagent layer. The reaction reagent layer extends into the shallow space. The filter extends above the shallow space and the electrode.03-29-2012
20120279858Sensor Arrangement With Snap-Off Segments - A sensor arrangement has first and second substrates arranged in juxtaposed relation to each other. A working electrode is interposed between the first and second substrates. At least one of the first and second substrates has transaxial scoring for facilitating the snapping off of segments of the first and second substrates to expose a clean portion of the working electrode. A further electrode, which may be a silver deposition, is disposed on the first substrate. A still further electrode, which may be a gold deposition, is disposed on the second substrate. The working electrode is a wire disposed axially in relation to the first and second substrates. The wire is formed of gold, indium, glassy carbon, copper, silver, or the like, and any of these can be used alone or as an amalgam with mercury. The working electrode may be printed or deposited on at least one of the substrates.11-08-2012
20090020419Physical Sensor And Method Of Process - There is provided a physical sensor which ensures long-term reliability and can be miniaturized and increased in density, and a method of producing the same. A physical sensor includes a supporting substrate, an element substrate that includes a sensor element and is joined to the supporting substrate through an insulating layer, a glass cap that covers an area of the sensor element and is joined to the element substrate, and a built-in electrode that is electrically connected to the sensor element. The built-in electrode is formed in a through hole passing through the element substrate, the insulating layer and the supporting substrate. A portion of the glass cap that covers an area of the built-in electrode is anodically bonded to the element substrate.01-22-2009
20110120863PALLADIUM INK EXHAUST SENSOR - An exhaust sensor includes a first sheet of ceramic that is perforated with a vent orifice and, a second sheet of ceramic that is laminated to the first sheet. A palladium circuit trace is positioned between the first sheet and the second sheet of ceramic and a fugitive ink is printed on one of the sheets that is in communication with the vent orifice and the palladium. The fugitive ink volatilizes during a firing process and created a void space that is occupied by a palladium oxide that forms at temperatures around 05-26-2011
20120261256SAMPLE HOLDERS AND ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENT FOR POINT-OF-CARE QUALIFICATION OF CLINICAL SAMPLES - This invention has two synergistic elements for simultaneous use in point-of-care or field analyses of diverse substances important to clinical medicine and other applications. The first element is a sample holder in which are stored the several reagents need for quantification of target molecules. The onboard storage of reagents in a water soluble plastic obviates the need for purchase, storage, measuring and mixing of the required reagents prior to analyses. The second part of the invention is a compact hand-held analyzer made of modern miniature optical components, into which the holder is inserted right after it is loaded with a sample by capillary action. The combination of the holder and analyzer permits analyses that are ten times faster than those done with current analyzers, and equally accurate. Analyses can be performed by diverse people, who require only a few minutes of training in the use of the entire invention.10-18-2012
20100252428HETEROGENEOUS MEMBRANE ELECTRODES - The present invention relates to planar electrochemical sensors with membrane coatings used to perform chemical analyses. The object of this invention is to provide unit-use disposable sensors of very simple and inexpensive construction, preferably with only a single membrane coating on an electrode. The invented devices are potentiometric salt-bridge reference electrodes and dissolved gas sensors constructed with a heterogeneous membrane coating of a conductor. The heterogeneous membrane, which is an intimate admixture of a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic compartment, concurrently supports constrained transport of non-volatile species through its hydrophilic compartment and rapid gas and water vapor transport through its hydrophobic compartment.10-07-2010
20110005927Electro-chemical Cell and Method of Providing Multiple Electrical Connections to a Lead Anode of an Electro-chemical Gas Sensing Cell - A lead wool electrode for an electro-chemical cell can be fused to a metallic collector to provide an electrical connection therebetween. Various methods of fusion such as thermal, electrical or chemical can be used.01-13-2011
20100230283ASSEMBLY AND ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR, ESPECIALLY CONDUCTIVITY SENSOR, WITH SUCH AN ASSEMBLY - An assembly, especially an assembly for an electrochemical sensor, includes a functional body of a first material, wherein the surface of the functional body is covered, at least sectionally, with a plastic, protective body. At least one free section of the surface of the functional body is not covered with a plastic, protective body, and wherein the free section is bordered by at least one surrounding, self-closing, boundary line, at which the plastic, protective body lies against the functional body. In the plastic, protective body, spaced from the boundary line, an elastic sealing ring lies sealingly against the surface of the functional body, in order to seal the functional body against a gap arising, in given cases, from the boundary line between the plastic, protective body and the functional body.09-16-2010
20090038938MICROFLUIDIC CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT AND MICROFLUIDIC SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE - A software-driven device named the Microfluidic Central Processing Unit (μfCPU). The device is a chamber encompassing a contiguous physical volume equipped with actuators (electrodes, pressure membranes or other) capable of inducing physical forces on liquids, gases and particles contained in it, for the purpose of performing at least the 5 basic microfluidics operations: mixing, concentration, separation, transport and reaction within one integrated chamber. The device can have one volume where all of the operations are performed or can be spatially divided into several “processing areas” between which there are transport routes enabled by the software-regulated actuation. A device that contains more than one μfCPU employed in parallel or in series or both. A device that is composed of one or more than one μfCPU's and where fluids and particles are transported using a central pump together with integrated micropumps.02-12-2009
20120273350Chip Produced at Wafer Level for Liquid Chromatography and Method for the Production Thereof - The present invention relates to a method for producing a miniaturized separation column for chromatographic purposes including a porous stationary phase anchored in the column, including the following steps: 11-01-2012
20110233059MICROFLUID SENSOR - The invention relates to a microfluidic sensor which comprises a planar base sensor and a structured polymer film. The underside of the film, which faces the base sensor, comprises varyingly recessed geometric shapings and compartments which are produced, for example photolithographically, in micro injection molding, thermoforming or hot stamping processes. The microfluidic sensor according to the invention is particularly suitable for the production of biosensors in the form of single-use enzyme and affinity sensors, wherein the recessed geometries form sample collection, sample processing, incubation, buffer, mixing, reaction, reagent deposit, measurement, waste and aeration chambers, and distributing and/or connecting ducts, of which the outer peripheral contours are configured as narrow peripheral wall webs at the zero plane of the film and with a width between 50 μm and 500 μm; to which a recessed face or subsequent peripheral joining assembly with a spacing from 0.1 mm to 1.0 mm is outwardly attached.09-29-2011
20130180852ELECTRODE, SENSOR CHIP USING THE SAME AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - A working electrode includes a conducting layer, a carbon nanotube layer electrophoretically deposited on the conducting layer; and a gold nanoparticle layer sputter-deposited on the carbon nanotube layer. A sensor chip having the working electrode and a method of fabricating the working electrode are also disclosed.07-18-2013
20110308943Tool for sensor arrangement with snap-off segments - A tool for a sensor includes a first portion having an elongated channel that extends therealong for accommodating the sensor, and a second portion with an end slot that accommodates an end portion of the sensor, the sensor having one or more wire electrodes embedded between two substrates. One or both of the substrates has transaxial scoring for facilitating the snapping off of segments to expose a clean portions of the wire electrodes. One or both of the tool portions has a rounded end portion. The end slot of the second portion is dimensioned to correspond to an axial dimension of a segment that is to be snapped off from the sensor. The first tool portion has a shoulder and handle portions, the shoulder portion having a greater thickness than the handle portion, and the handle portion having a thickness that is less than the width of the sensor.12-22-2011
20110308942MICROELECTRODE ARRAY SENSOR FOR DETECTION OF HEAVY METALS IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS - In a first aspect, the present invention is directed to a microelectrode array for detecting heavy metals in an aqueous solution. The microelectrode array can comprise a layer of a doped carbon film and a patterning layer arranged on the doped carbon film for defining multiple microelectrodes in the doped carbon film to form the microelectrode array. The size, and shape, and arrangement of each of the multiple microelectrodes can be defined by the size, and shape, and arrangement of each of the openings in the patterning layer which expose the underlying doped carbon film. Furthermore, the ratio of the maximal width of a microelectrode relative to the shortest distance between the neighboring microelectrodes (center to center) in the microelectrode array is between about 1:1.2 and about 1:6. The present invention is also directed to an apparatus using the microelectrode array and methods of manufacturing the same.12-22-2011

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