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Processes of treating materials by wave energy

Subclass of:

204 - Chemistry: electrical and wave energy


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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
204157400 Process of preparing desired inorganic material 133
204157600 Process or preparing desired organic product containing at least one atom other than carbon and hydrogen 73
204157300 Removing a component from normally gaseous mixture 23
204158200 Processes of purifying materials 18
204157200 Isotope separation or enrichment 8
20110192713MAGNETIC FUEL TREATMENT DEVICE - A magnetic fuel treatment system and apparatus has a body which houses a series of magnets, a fuel channel and a detachable cover. The apparatus is so structured and dimensioned as to provide a system which facilitates a good force to volume ratio and ease of sealability. The series of magnets mounted in the body in operative locations is purposed to create a combination of magnetic forces.08-11-2011
20100101933INHIBITION OF CORROSION OF STRUCTURES - A method for inhibiting corrosion in at least one required region of an elongate metal structure, comprising applying a high-frequency electromagnetic signal to the structure in a manner such that a voltage standing wave is established in the structure with a corrosion-inhibiting potential at the required region(s) of the structure. The method is advantageously applied to an oil well riser pipe, to inhibit corrosion of the external surface thereof in the vicinity of an oil production zone.04-29-2010
20100101932Electrochemical Processing Apparatus and Processing Method Thereof - The present invention relates an electrochemical processing apparatus and a processing method thereof. A reciprocating swing unit is used to drive the processing electrode to process a workpiece, and thus simplifying fabrication of the processing electrode, and shortening processes and reducing costs. In addition, by using a high-frequency reciprocating twist and micro-vibrating unit to drive the processing electrode to perform high-frequency reciprocating twists and micro-vibrations, the processing electrode can perform twist without varying the processing gap. Thereby, the electrolyte in the gap can be perturbed and renewed continuously. Accordingly, bubbles and products produced during electrolysis can be removed sufficiently, enhancing processing precision and surface quality using the processing electrode on processing the workpiece.04-29-2010
20090020409Microwave apparatus and methods for performing chemical reactions - The present invention relates to an apparatus and methods for performing chemical reactions. In particular, the present invention relates to an apparatus for heating chemical reaction mixtures. The apparatus applies one or more semiconductor based microwave generators making the apparatus suitable for parallel processing of chemical reaction mixtures. The invention further relates to methods for performing chemical reactions, e.g. methods for heating a plurality of samples simultaneously or sequentially, methods for monitoring a microwave heated chemical reaction, and methods where the optimum conditions with respect to parameters, such frequency and applied power can be determined for the system consisting of apparatus plus sample.01-22-2009
20100108488Non-stoichiometric mixed-phase titania photocatalyst - A mixed anatase-rutile phase, non-stoichiometric titania photocatalyst material is a highly reactive and is a UV and visible light responsive photocastalyst in the as-deposited condition (i.e. without the need for a subsequent thermal treatment). The mixed phase, non-stoichiometric titania thin film material is non-stoichiometric in terms of its oxygen content such that the thin film material shows a marked red-shift in photoresponse.05-06-2010
20090045042Active material based bodies for varying frictional force levels at the interface between two surfaces - A device for selectively controlling and varying a frictional force level at an interface between two bodies, includes a first contact body having at least one surface, a second contact body having at least one surface in physical communication with the first contact body, and an active material in operative communication with a selected one or both of the first contact body and the second contact body, wherein the active material is configured to undergo a change in a property upon receipt of an activation signal wherein the change in a property is effective to change the frictional force level at the interface between the at least one surface of the first contact body and the at least one surface of the second contact body.02-19-2009
20130087445SONICATION OF A MEDIUM - Sonication of a medium for example in an immunoassay is provided by applying sound waves from a transducer to a vessel in which the medium is held by a sonotrode coupled between the transducer and the vessel. The sonotrode has a recess in which the vessel is held, the recess being formed by facing surfaces of a plurality of protruding portions of the sonotrode separated by slits and arranged around the recess. The sonotrode is coupled to the vessel by dry contact with the vessel without any coupling layers therebetween. The use of such a sonotrode provides the advantages of allowing effective sonication with relatively low energy loss and with a low temperature elevation.04-11-2013
20100006417CAPACITIVELY-COUPLED ELECTROSTATIC (CCE) PROBE ARRANGEMENT FOR DETECTING STRIKE STEP IN A PLASMA PROCESSING CHAMBER AND METHODS THEREOF - A method for identifying a stabilized plasma within a processing chamber of a plasma processing system is provided. The method includes executing a strike step within the processing chamber to generate a plasma. The strike step includes applying a substantially high gas pressure within the processing chamber and maintaining a low radio frequency (RF) power within the processing chamber. The method also includes employing a probe head to collect a set of characteristic parameter measurements during the strike step, the probe head being on a surface of the processing chamber, wherein the surface is within close proximity to a substrate surface. The method further includes comparing the set of characteristic parameter measurements against a pre-defined range. If the set of characteristic parameter measurements is within the pre-defined range, the stabilized plasma exists.01-14-2010
20090301860GAS EXCITATION APPARATUS HAVING SUSPENDED ELECTRODE AND GAS EXCITATION METHOD - An apparatus for exciting a gas, comprising at least a pair of electrodes connecting to an alternating current source in a housing having an inlet opening for a gas to be treated and an outlet opening for a gas which has been treated, characterized in that one electrode of the pair of the electrodes is a suspended electrode arranged by placing it under a tension at a predetermined position in the housing, the other electrode of the pair of the electrodes is a buried electrode arranged at a predetermined position by being buried in the holding wall of the housing at the end thereof, an electrode portion of the buried electrode contains a linear or planar discharging portion as a whole, and the electrode portion of the suspended electrode, opposed to the electrode portion of the buried electrode, has discharging portions where a distance from the electrode portion of the buried electrode becomes cyclically short.12-10-2009
20120217151PHOTORESPONSIVE IONIC ORGANIC COMPOUND, METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME, AND PHOTORESPONSIVE CARBON NANOTUBE DISPERSANT COMPRISING SAID IONIC ORGANIC COMPOUND - A photoresponsive ionic organic compound of formula (I); a method of producing the same; a photoresponsive carbon nanotube (CNT) dispersant; a CNT dispersion containing the dispersant; and a method of separating a CNT from the dispersion:08-30-2012
20110005916PHOTOCATALYST MATERIAL, METHOD FOR DECOMPOSITION OF ORGANIC MATERIAL, INTERIOR MEMBER, AIR PURIFICATION DEVICE, AND APPARATUS FOR PREPARATION OF OXIDIZING AGENT - The present invention provides a tungsten trioxide microparticle carrying on its surface divalent copper salt. The divalent copper salt is utilized to perform a multi-electron reduction of oxygen. The tungsten trioxide exhibits a high oxidative decomposition activity when exposed to visible light.01-13-2011
20090020410PHOTOCATALYST ACTIVATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACTIVATING PHOTOCATALYST - Disclosed is a photocatalyst activation system characterized by including (a) a catalyst which includes a photocatalytic material containing cerium oxide, or a catalyst which includes a photocatalytic material containing at least one oxide selected from the group consisting of transition metal oxides other than cerium oxide; (b) a light source which irradiates the catalyst with light; and (c) a heat transfer device which transfers heat to the catalyst. By this photocatalyst activation system, it is possible to widen a usable wavelength range of light, and to enhance the catalytic activity to a large extent.01-22-2009
20130213795Heavy Fossil Hydrocarbon Conversion And Upgrading Using Radio-Frequency or Microwave Energy - Conversion of heavy fossil hydrocarbons (HFH) to a variety of value-added chemicals and/or fuels can be enhanced using microwave (MW) and/or radio-frequency (RF) energy. Variations of reactants, process parameters, and reactor design can significantly influence the relative distribution of chemicals and fuels generated as the product. In one example, a system for flash microwave conversion of HFH includes a source concentrating microwave or RF energy in a reaction zone having a pressure greater than 0.9 atm, a continuous feed having HFH and a process gas passing through the reaction zone, a HFH-to-liquids catalyst contacting the HFH in at least the reaction zone, and dielectric discharges within the reaction zone. The HFH and the catalyst have a residence time in the reaction zone of less than 30 seconds. In some instances, a plasma can form in or near the reaction zone.08-22-2013
20090078559METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MULTIPLE RESONANT STRUCTURE PROCESS AND REACTION CHAMBER - A method and apparatus is described comprising of a plurality of electromagnetic resonant structures coupled to a common process or reaction volume, such that resonance of each structure is maintained while the process or reaction volume is a part of each resonant structure. At the same time, each resonant structure is matched to its respective electromagnetic generator. Such a system allows each generator and its delivery system to run at rated power, with summation of all the powers occurring in the common process or reaction volume. In various embodiments of this invention, the various electromagnetic generators can run at the same or different frequencies. The various resonant structures can be single mode or multimode, or a mixture of single mode and multi mode. The various resonant structures can be arranged spatially in order to couple several structures to the process or reaction volume. Various spatial arrangements also allow coupling of either the electric or the magnetic field to the process or reaction volume, as well as allowing the generation of rotating fields in the process or reaction volume with any orientation of the rotating field with respect to the process or reaction volume.03-26-2009
20130062193METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTROMAGNETICALLY PRODUCING A DISTURBANCE IN A MEDIUM WITH SIMULTANEOUS RESONANCE OF ACOUSTIC WAVES CREATED BY THE DISTURBANCE - A method for promoting chemical changes in a medium comprising the steps of placing a medium within an electromagnetically resonant structure that permits initiating a spark or a discharge in the medium by means of applying pulsed microwave energy in an electromagnetically resonant structure, the electromagnetically resonant structure being simultaneously mechanically resonant for acoustic or shock waves generated by the spark or discharge caused by the pulsed resonant microwave electromagnetic field; and providing a means to feed material into a reaction chamber within the electromagnetically resonant structure and collecting products of a reaction inside the reaction chamber.03-14-2013
20080308405Optical Fiber Photocatalytic Reactor And Process For The Decomposition Of Nitrogen Oxide Using Said Reactor - An optical fiber photocatalytic reactor is provided. The reactor comprises a reaction zone and multiple fibers located in the reaction zone. The fiber comprises a photocatalyst that is coated onto its surface via a thermal hydrolysis method. The adhesion between the fiber and the photocatalyst thereon is strong, and thus, the delamination of the photocatalyst film on the fiber can be prevented. Moreover, the optical fiber photocatalytic reactor is useful for the decomposition of nitrogen oxide which is one of air's most harmful contaminants. The present invention exhibits a high conversion of nitrogen oxide.12-18-2008
20100089741PRODUCTION OF BIOFUELS - A method is provided for the production of biofuels. The method includes contacting at least one of a plant oil, an animal oil and a mixture thereof with a catalyst including an acid or solid acid, thereby producing a catalyst-oil mixture. RF or microwave energy is applied to at least one of the catalyst, the plant oil, the animal oil, the mixture, and the catalyst-oil mixture to produce the biofuel. The process can be adjusted to produce gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, or diesel range middle distillate products.04-15-2010
20110278154LIQUID STORAGE SYSTEM, LIQUID CONTAINER, AND LIQUID LEAD-OUT CONTROLL METHOD - A liquid storage system includes a liquid container having a plurality of through holes of a nano-size from which volatile liquid contained in the liquid container is led outside by capillary action, and photocatalytic films provided on surfaces of the through holes, the photocatalytic films being hydrophilic during light irradiation, an irradiation unit configured to irradiate the photocatalytic films with light, and a control unit configured to control the irradiation unit in accordance with an amount of the volatile liquid to be led outside.11-17-2011
20080308404Sonication of a Medium - Sonication of a medium for example in an immunoassay is provided by applying sound waves from a transducer to a vessel in which the medium is held via a sonotrode coupled between the transducer and the vessel. The sonotrode is coupled to the vessel by dry contact with the vessel without any coupling layers therebetween. The sonotrode which is operated in resonance has an arrangement with two protruding portions separated by a slit in the manner of a tuning fork with the vessel being mechanically held in a recess formed between the two protruding portions. The use of such a sonotrode provides the advantages of allowing effective sonication without remarkable energy loss and with a low temperature elevation12-18-2008
20110278153VISCOSITY REDUCTION - The present invention relates to a method for reducing the viscosity of a product by applying highly propagating ultrasonic energy to said product, the method comprising contacting at least a portion of said product with an highly propagating ultrasonic energy emitting assembly; and emitting highly propagating ultrasonic energy from the assembly into the product thereby reducing the viscosity of the product.11-17-2011
20100314243PREPARATION OF TRANS,TRANS MUCONIC ACID AND TRANS,TRANS MUCONATES - The present invention relates to the isomerization of cis,cis and/or cis,trans muconic acid or esters thereof to trans,trans muconic acid or esters thereof and to the esterification of such muconic acids.12-16-2010
20100193349Ultrasonic Horn - The present teachings relate to ultrasonic horns that have improved stress profiles durability. In various embodiments, the ultrasonic horns can have geometric features designed to distribute stress more evenly along their longitudinal length.08-05-2010
20100032282PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND - A photoelectrochemical assay apparatus and method for determining chemical oxygen demand (COD) of a water sample is described. The photoelectrochemical assay comprises: 02-11-2010
20110214982LEVITATION MICROREACTOR - Technologies are generally described for a levitation microreactor adapted to facilitate a chemical reaction. The levitation microreactor may comprise one or more levitation zones arranged in spatial communication with one another, each levitation zone including a levitator that is effective to levitate a reactant droplet. In some examples, a first levitation zone may include a first levitator effective to levitate a first reactant droplet, while a second levitation zone may include a second levitator effective to levitate a second reactant droplet. The second reactant droplet may be distinct from the first reactant droplet. Some example microreactors may further include a third levitation zone that is arranged in spatial communication with the first and second levitation zones. The third levitation zone may be effective to facilitate a chemical reaction on the first and second reactant droplets while the first and second reactant droplets are levitated to produce a product.09-08-2011
20090145741Method for catalytic treating perfluorocompound gas including particle removing unit - The present invention relates to a method for treating fluoro-containing and silicon-containing gas. The method comprises treating the gas with thermal-treating, particles-treating, catalyst-treating, and acid-removing sequentially to remove perfluorocompounds. The invention achieves results of reducing the working temperature, increasing the lifetime of the catalyst, reducing the operating cost of the system, and increasing the applications of the catalyst in the aspect of fluoride-containing gas, silicon-containing gas and particles containing gas treatment by sequential treating.06-11-2009
20090255798METHOD TO PREVENT PARASITIC PLASMA GENERATION IN GAS FEEDTHRU OF LARGE SIZE PECVD CHAMBER - The present invention generally includes a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) processing chamber having an RF power source coupled to the backing plate at a location separate from the gas source. By feeding the gas into the processing chamber at a location separate from the RF power, parasitic plasma formation in the gas tubes leading to the processing chamber may be reduced. The gas may be fed to the chamber at a plurality of locations. At each location, the gas may be fed to the processing chamber from the gas source by passing through a remote plasma source as well as an RF choke or RF resistor.10-15-2009
20090277771TREATMENT OF FLUIDS WITH WAVE ENERGY FROM A CARBON ARC - A method and apparatus for treating a fluid using a wave energy uses a cyclone separator configured to create a flow of the fluid in a thin film along a vortex path from a first end to a second end of the cyclone separator, a first electrode and a second electrode that are at least partially disposed within the cyclone separator, spaced apart from one another, and axially aligned with one another along a central axis of the cyclone separator from the first end to the second end. The electrodes are used to create an open electrical arc to provide the wave energy directly exposing the fluid as the fluid flows along the vortex path in close proximity to and surrounding the electrical arc such that only a gas separates the fluid from the open electrical arc.11-12-2009
20110198210PHOTOCATALYTIC MATERIAL, METHOD OF DECOMPOSING ORGANIC SUBSTANCE, INTERIOR MEMBER, AIR CLEANING DEVICE, AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING OXIDIZING AGENT - A divalent copper salt and/or trivalent iron salt is supported on a surface of a metal ion-doped titanium oxide obtained by doping titanium oxide with metal ions to give a metal ion-doped titanium oxide with a valence band potential of 3 V or more (vs. SHE, pH=0) and a bandgap of 3 V or less between the valence band and an energy level of electrons excited from the valence band (including conduction band minimum potential and isolated potential). The metal ion-doped titanium oxide can be made to exhibit strong oxidative decomposition activity when irradiated with visible light based on the fact the divalent copper salt or trivalent iron salt functions as a catalyst for multi-electron reduction of oxygen.08-18-2011
20080237028Nucleation in liquid, methods of use thereof and methods of generation thereof - A method and composition for generation of a microbubble from a nanoparticle through a non-thermal method, preferably featuring nucleation.10-02-2008
20080277265GAS REFORMULATION SYSTEM COMPRISING MEANS TO OPTIMIZE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GAS CONVERSION - This invention provides a system and method for efficient reformulation of an initial gas with associated characteristics into an output gas with desired characteristic parameters, within a substantially sealed, contained, and controlled environment. The gas reformulating system uses a gas energizing field to disassociate the initial gas molecules and molecules of injected process additives of appropriate types and amounts, into their constituents that then recombine to form the output gas with the desired parameters. The gas reformulating system further comprises a control system that regulates the process and thereby enables the process to be optimized. The gas energizing field may be provided at least partly by hydrogen burners or plasma torches.11-13-2008
20080283385SPECTRALLY TUNABLE PHOTOLYSIS OF A CAPSULE CONTAINING AN ACTIVE MATERIAL - Capsules that include a shell, a sensitizer, and an active material. Methods for using the capsules to spatiotemporally deliver active material. Representative shells include vesicles, polymers, and inorganic materials. Representative active materials include small molecules and proteins.11-20-2008
20080302652Particle Reduction Through Gas and Plasma Source Control - A system for producing excited gases for introduction to a semiconductor processing chamber. The system includes a plasma source for generating a plasma. The plasma source includes a plasma chamber and a gas inlet for receiving process gases from a gas source. A gas flow rate controller is coupled to the gas inlet for controlling an inlet flow rate of the process gases from the gas source to the plasma chamber via the gas inlet. The system includes a control loop for detecting a transition from a first process gas to a second process gas and for adjusting the inlet flow rate of the second process gas from about 0 sccm to about 10,000 sccm over a period of time greater than about 300 milliseconds to maintain transient heat flux loads applied by the plasma to an inner surface of the plasma chamber below a vaporization temperature of the plasma chamber.12-11-2008
20080277267Highly turbulent quench chamber - An apparatus for cooling a reactive mixture, comprising: a reactor configured to form the reactive mixture; a quench chamber comprising a frusto-conical body having a wide end, a narrow end, and a quench region formed between the wide and narrow end, wherein the quench chamber is configured to receive the reactive mixture from the plasma reactor through a reactive mixture inlet into the quench region, to receive a conditioning fluid through at least one fluid inlet, and to flow the conditioning fluid into the quench region, wherein the frusto-conical body is configured to produce a turbulent flow within the quench region with the flow of the conditioning fluid into the quench region, thereby promoting the quenching of the reactive mixture to form a cooled gas-particle mixture; and a suction generator configured to force the cooled gas-particle mixture out of the quench chamber.11-13-2008
20080308406Assemblies of anisotropic nanoparticles - Methods and compositions of matter are described for assemblies of anisotropic nanoparticles. A method, includes forming a substantially close packed dense layer by assembling a plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles, each of the plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles having a) a first dimension that is substantially different than both a second dimension and a third dimension and b) a non-random nanoparticle crystallographic orientation that is substantially aligned with the first direction, wherein assembling includes mechanically interacting the plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles by imposing a delocalized force that defines a direction that is substantially perpendicular to a basal plane of the substantially closed packed dense layer; and imposing a fluctuating force to which the anisotropic nanoparticles respond, wherein fluctuations in a magnitude of the imposed force are sufficient to overcome a short range weak attractive force between members of the plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles with respect to anisotropic nanoparticles that are not substantially overlapping. The plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles are substantially aligned with respect to each other to define the substantially close packed dense layer and the substantially closed packed dense layer has a non-random shared crystallographic orientation that is substantially aligned with the basal plane of the substantially close packed dense layer. A composition of matter, includes a plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles that are in physical contact with one another, each of the plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles having a) a first dimension that is substantially different than both a second dimension and a third dimension and b) a non-random nanoparticle crystallographic orientation that is substantially aligned with the first direction. The plurality of anisotropic nanoparticles are substantially aligned with respect to each other to define a substantially close packed dense layer having a non-random shared crystallographic orientation that is substantially aligned with a basal plane of the substantially close packed dense layer.12-18-2008
20080277266Shape of cone and air input annulus - A constricting chamber having first and second ends, the chamber comprising: an interior surface formed between the first and second ends, disposed circumferentially around and defining an interior space and a longitudinal axis of the chamber; a frusto-conical surface disposed between the first and second ends and narrowing as it extends away from the first end and into the second end; an ejection port disposed at the second end and substantially aligned with the longitudinal axis; a cover disposed at the first end, substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, and comprising a center substantially aligned with the longitudinal axis; an injection port disposed on the cover proximate the center, and configured to receive a reactive mixture into the chamber; and an annular supply portion disposed circumferentially around the longitudinal axis and comprising supply port(s) configured to supply conditioning fluid into the chamber in an annular formation along the interior surface.11-13-2008
20080257713CATALYTIC REACTORS WITH ACTIVE BOUNDARY LAYER CONTROL - The present invention provides efficient catalytic reactors with active boundary layers in a presence of at least one mechanical disturbance and methods of improving the efficiency of the catalytic reaction with the use of at least one mechanical disturbance. The presence of at least one mechanical disturbance would improve the surface contact at the catalytic site and thereby increase the overall efficiency of the catalytic reactors. Such an improvement would require less catalyst material and shorter channels used, thereby decreasing the size of the catalytic reactors.10-23-2008
20110226608High-pressure vessel - The invention describes a high-pressure vessel for holding samples which are to be heated, the high-pressure vessel having: a lower part (09-22-2011
20100200390GAS PROCESSING APPARATUS, GAS PROCESSING SYSTEM, AND GAS PROCESSING METHOD, AND EXHAUST GAS PROCESSING SYSTEM AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE USING THE SAME - A gas treatment device for processing a gas using plasma, wherein the gas treatment device is highly versatile and capable of rapidly processing a large quantity of gas that includes particularly an aromatic compound or other component that is difficult to process. The gas treatment device comprises a plasma equipment series comprising a plurality of gas processing units (08-12-2010
20090229968Method of decomposing target and decomposition apparatus - It is intended to provide a method whereby a target to be analyzed can be easily decomposed in a micro region and a decomposition apparatus. In the decomposition method of decomposing the target to be analyzed and the decomposition apparatus, the target is allowed to coexist with a microparticle and then the microparticle is put into the high-energy state. Then, the target located in the vicinity of the surface of the microparticle is decomposed due to the energy transfer from the high-energy microparticle toward the target. Thus, the target can be easily decomposed in a micro region.09-17-2009
20100155218Novel Photocatalysts that Operate Under Visible Light - Semiconductor surfaces are generally provided that include a photocatalyst compound of at least one alkaline earth metal combined with bismuth and oxygen to form a bismuth oxide having a structure of A06-24-2010
20090314627ELECTRO-MAGNETIC TREATMENT OF A MODIFIED BIOMASS - A process is disclosed for making a biomass susceptible to depolymerization or liquefaction under mild conditions. The process comprises introducing into the biomass a material susceptible to the absorption of electro-magnetic radiation to form a radiation absorbent biomass. The radiation absorbent biomass is subjected to electro-magnetic radiation to form an activated biomass.12-24-2009
20100224479MORPHOLOGY ENGINEERING OF AGGREGATES - In various embodiments, the present disclosure provides, among other things, a system and method for influencing the morphology of aggregates. The present disclosure also provides for aggregates formed using the disclosed system and method. According to one disclosed method, a plurality of monomers are provided and an electric field is applied proximate the monomers. The applied fields helps influence the shape of an aggregate formed from the monomers.09-09-2010
20130126331Guided Wave Applicator with Non-Gaseous Dielectric for Plasma Chamber - A guided wave applicator comprising two electrically conductive waveguide walls and a waveguide dielectric. The volume of the waveguide dielectric is composed of non-gaseous dielectric material and is positioned between the two waveguide walls. The waveguide dielectric includes first and second longitudinal ends and includes first, second, third and fourth sides extending longitudinally between the two longitudinal ends. The first waveguide wall is positioned so that it covers the first side of the waveguide dielectric, and the second waveguide wall is positioned so that it covers the second side of the waveguide dielectric. In operation, electrical power can be supplied to one or both longitudinal ends of the waveguide dielectric, whereby the power can be coupled to a plasma through the exposed sides of the waveguide dielectric.05-23-2013
20100084260LARGE SCALE MODULAR APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING CARBON PRODUCT FROM USED TIRE WITH MICROWAVE AND METHOD THEREOF - An apparatus for decomposing used tires includes a loading chamber for loading a used tire, one or more modular processing units, and a finishing device that decomposes used tires that were incompletely decomposed in a processing chamber. In the loading chamber, oxygen is removed under a critical point that prevents explosion and nitrogen gas is injected. Used tires are conveyed in nitrogen atmosphere in the apparatus. The modular processing units comprises a processing chamber that decomposes a used tire with microwave, a lower door that loads a used tire, and a lower door drive device that moves the lower door up and down and rotates the lower door. A method for decomposing used tires with the apparatus is also provided.04-08-2010
20090114526Method and apparatus for producing non-local physical, chemical and biological effects - A method and apparatus are disclosed which produce physical, chemical and/or biological non-local effect on a target substance through non-local processes mediated by quantum entanglement. In one broad embodiment, the apparatus includes a target substance, a first container holding said target substance; an originating substance, a second container holding said originating substance, said originating substance being quantum-entangled with said target substance; and a mean for manipulating said originating substance such that when said manipulation mean operates, said non-local effect is generated in said target substance through said non-local processes mediated by quantum entanglement. Also described are a number of implementations and methods of use of the apparatus, including a member of the manipulation mean being a Dewar filled with liquid nitrogen, a heater, a chemical substance, a laser or a magnetic coil connected to a driving device and the use being industrial, therapeutic, communicational or recreational.05-07-2009
20090071815Method and apparatus for selectively severing and analyzing non-covalent and other bonds of biological macromolecules - A biological sample solution is ionized by electrospray and the sample solution is irradiated with an infrared laser beam to dissociate biological macromolecules into the constituents thereof. As a result, only non-covalent bonds of the biological macromolecules can be selectively severed and analyzed.03-19-2009
20090218211Recess Waveguide Microwave Chemical Plant for Production of Ethene From Natural Gas and the Process Using Said Plant - A recess waveguide microwave chemical plant for production of ethene from natural gas and a process for production of ethene using the plant. The plant includes a recess waveguide, a mode transducer and coupling orifice plate, an adjustable short-circuiting plunger, and a chemical reactor; wherein with the recess waveguide as a main body, the mode transducer and coupling orifice plate is at the left side of the recess waveguide, the adjustable short-circuiting plunger is at the right side of the recess waveguide, and the chemical reactor is across the recess waveguide.09-03-2009
20100065415Plasma Generation System and Plasma Generation Method - A method and system for surely and conveniently generating plasma in a narrow tube having a small diameter.03-18-2010
20120199468TITANATE / TITANIA COMPOSITE NANOPARTICLE - The present invention relates to a photocatalytically active nanoparticulate material. A nanoparticle of the invention is a composite nanoparticle having two crystalline phases: hydrogen titanate and titania, which are uniformly mixed in the nanoparticle. The invention also relates to forming a nanoparticulate composite material by heating a basic titania sol under solvothermal conditions.08-09-2012
20110162955HYBRID POLYMER COMPOSITIONS WITH ENHANCED BIO-DEGRADABILITY - A hybrid polymer composition can include a polymeric material that has dispersed within it a plurality of photocatalytic particles and a plurality of conductive particles at least some of which are in contact with one or more of the plurality of photocatalytic particles such that the conductive particles provide electron donating and electron accepting properties to the photocatalytic particles to enhance the creation of free radicals upon exposure of the hybrid polymer composition to one or more degradation enhancing factors. Examples of degradation enhancing factors can include, but are not limited to, one or more of visible light, ultraviolet light, moisture, and ozone. The photocatalytic particles can include a metal oxide, such as for example titanium dioxide and/or another non-toxic metal oxide. Related methods, articles, and the like are described.07-07-2011
20080217160Sonochemistry - A sonochemical reactor provides an environment for processing chemicals, waste products and the like. The reactor utilises a closely packed transducer arrangement. The transducer spacing is such that cross-coupling enhances the insonification region of fluid within the reaction chamber whilst avoiding undesirable longitudinal modes. The arrangement is particularly suited to continuous flow operation.09-11-2008
20090145742ENERGY TRANSFER THROUGH SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE EXCITATION ON MULTISEGMENTED NANOWIRES - Disclosed herein is energy transfer on multisegmented nanowires via surface plasmon resonance excitation of visible light, such as solar energy, absorbed by metals sensitive to visible light and transferred to metals insensitive to visible light. The nanowires are prepared with controllable gap sizes between different segments by on-wire lithography (OWL).06-11-2009
20110114470PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR RECOVERING OIL FROM TAR SANDS USING MICROWAVE ENERGY - A process for recovering an oil from a tar sand, including the steps of drying the tar sand to produce a dried tar sand, mixing the dried tar sand with a microwave absorbent to produce a mixed sand, and cracking the mixed sand with microwaves to produce an oil vapor product containing the oil.05-19-2011
20090173619APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY DISSOCIATING MOLECULES - An apparatus and method for selectively dissociating target molecular species present in a gas mixture is disclosed. An embodiment of an apparatus of the present invention comprises a containment structure for containing a gas mixture having a target molecular species; and a radiation source proximate to the containment structure and configured to apply electromagnetic energy to the gas mixture in the containment structure, the electromagnetic energy having a wavelength that dissociates molecules of the target species. An embodiment of a method of the present invention comprises the steps of containing a gas mixture having a heavy hydrocarbon; and applying to the gas mixture electromagnetic energy having a wavelength that dissociates molecules of the heavy hydrocarbon.07-09-2009
20080289950Charge barrier flow-through capacitor-based method of deionizing a fluid - Flow-through capacitors are provided with one or more charge barrier layers. Ions trapped in the pore volume of flow-through capacitors cause inefficiencies as these ions are expelled during the charge cycle into the purification path. A charge barrier layer holds these pore volume ions to one side of a desired flow stream, thereby increasing the efficiency with which the flow-through capacitor purifies or concentrates ions.11-27-2008
20120305383PROCESS FOR THE TREATMENT OF CRUDE OIL AND PETROLEUM PRODUCTS - There is provided a process, and a device, for the treatment of crude oil, component(s) of crude, or mixtures thereof, to convert components of said hydrocarbon liquid to products having boiling points that are lower than the boiling points of said components prior to treatment. The process comprises subjecting crude to be treated to ultrasound vibrations and to an electromagnetic field emitted by a an electromagnetic field generator; wherein the electromagnetic field emitted by said electromagnetic field generator comprises a component of electromagnetic field modulated by an electromagnetic field emitted from the crude to be treated on the exposure thereof to ultrasound vibrations.12-06-2012
20080302651Performance Maintaining Method For Electrolyzed Functional Water Generating Apparatus - A performance maintaining method for an electrolyzed functional water generating apparatus capable of maintaining a state allowing steady generation of high-performance electrolyzed functional water is provided. A cation-exchange membrane provided in contact with an anode between a cathode and the anode regenerates a membrane by desorbing cations adsorbed to the cation-exchange membrane while to-be-electrolyzed raw water is subjected to electrolysis with a positive polarity in a state where an electrolytic chamber is supplied with to-be-electrolyzed raw water in the electrolyzed functional water generating apparatus having an electrolytic cell with a special structure that allows intake of the entire amount of water as cathode water.12-11-2008
20120247947CAVITATION REACTOR WITHIN RESONATOR - A system including an ultrasonic resonance chamber containing a cavitation reaction chamber therein is described. In some embodiments, the resonance chamber or resonator comprises a spherical metal shell having fluid and other couplings and containing a first liquid that carries an acoustic field within the resonator. A second fluid or material that can flow within the reaction chamber or reactor is disposed at a location in the resonator so that the two fluids do not mix but the acoustic field in the resonator can generate cavitation inside the reactor to cause a desired transformation or reaction in the second fluid or material.10-04-2012
20110073462Spectral Catalysts - A wide variety of reactions can be advantageously affected and directed by a spectral catalyst which duplicates the electromagnetic energy spectral pattern of a physical catalyst and when applied to a reaction system transfers a quanta of energy in the form of electromagnetic energy to control and/or promote the reaction system. The spectral catalysts utilized in this invention can replace and/or augment the energy normally provided to the reaction system by a physical catalyst. A spectral catalyst may also act as both a positive catalyst to increase the rate of a reaction or as a negative catalyst to decrease the rate of reaction.03-31-2011
20120152723TUBULAR FLOW REACTOR - A tubular flow reactor which comprises a plurality of inflow channels for introducing at least two kinds of fluids to cause a reaction; a reaction tube having an internal space for merging the fluids and causing the merged fluids to flow through to cause a reaction; an outflow channel for discharging the reaction product from the reaction tube; and a rod-shaped ultrasonic emitter placed at the flow-merging portion of the internal space of the reaction tube; wherein the inflow channels and the outflow channel are connected to the reaction tube such that their respective internal spaces communicate with the internal space of the reaction tube; and an ultrasonic wave can be emitted from the rod-shaped ultrasonic emitter to the fluid passing through the reaction tube.06-21-2012
20120152722Method of Inducing Chemical Reactions - A method for inducing chemical reactions using X-ray radiation comprises generating an irradiation volume within the interior of a reaction vessel by introducing X-ray radiation into the volume, in which two or more reactants are introduced. With respect to the two or more reactants and any subsequently created intermediate reactant or reactants, the aggregate extent to which the foregoing reactants are to be ionized to any degree is selectively controlled, and the average degree of ionization in the irradiation volume, from partial to total, of that portion of the foregoing reactants which is to be ionized is selectively controlled, through control of the fluence and energy of the X-ray radiation, to thereby induce selective reactions of reactants to occur in the irradiation volume. One or more reactants may be delivered through a double-walled pipe containing X-ray shielding to prevent their premature irradiation before being injected into the irradiation volume.06-21-2012
20110089017PLASMA REACTOR FOR ABATING HAZARDOUS MATERIALS AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention provides a plasma reactor for abating hazardous materials generated in a low-pressure process during a process of manufacturing a display or a semiconductor. A plasma reactor for abating hazardous materials according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes: a first ground electrode and a second ground electrode disposed at a distance from each other; a dielectric fixed between the first ground electrode and the second ground electrode; and at least one driving electrode disposed on an outer surface of the dielectric, being spaced apart from the first ground electrode and the second ground electrode and connected to an AC power supply unit to receive a driving voltage therefrom.04-21-2011
20090038932DEVICE AND METHOD FOR NONINVASIVE ULTRASONIC TREATMENT OF FLUIDS AND MATERIALS IN CONDUITS AND CYLINDRICAL CONTAINERS - A system, method, and device are described for ultrasonic treatment of viscous fluids, including, e.g., crude oils that provide a variety of desired modifications. The invention includes a container having a circumvolving outer wall configured to allow passage of a quantity of a material within a passageway therein and ultrasonic transducers that attach to and circumvolve the outer wall of the container. The ultrasonic transducers transmit ultrasonic energy into material within the container at preselected frequencies thereby achieving desired effects.02-12-2009
20110180385Control of Catalytic Chemical Processes - According to one embodiment, a method for controlling a chemical process comprises receiving a catalytic materials composition. The catalytic materials composition comprise at least one catalyst material and at least one reactant material. Nanostructure material is added to the catalytic materials composition. The nanostructure material comprises at least one nanoscale-sized space therein. The nanostructure material is irradiated with electromagnetic radiation such that the nanostructure material facilitates energy transfer between the nanostructure material and the catalytic materials composition.07-28-2011
20110180386PLASMONIC STRUCTURES FOR MEDIATING CHEMICAL TRANSFORMATION - The present invention relates to plasmonic structures of metal dielectrics and their use in corresponding processes that elicit surface plasmons which may then be employed to influence a chemical transformation. The frequency of a plasmon may be tuned to couple with a selected vibrational mode of a selected molecule to undergo a selected transition, such as transitions to a metastable state, bond rearrangement and/or chemical transformation via the breaking and reforming of bonds.07-28-2011
20120160662Pyrolisis Reactor and Process for Disposal of Waste Materials - Disclosed is a pyrolysis reactor for processing waste, comprising: a reactor chamber; a source of microwave energy, wherein the reactor chamber comprises a material which is operable to produce a plasma in the presence of the microwave energy. Also disclosed is a corresponding method.06-28-2012
20120211349PLASMON PHOTOCATALYSIS - Plasmons on a waveguide may deliver energy to photocatalyze a reaction.08-23-2012
20100051443HETERODIMERIC SYSTEM FOR VISIBLE-LIGHT HARVESTING PHOTOCATALYSTS - Heterodimeric photocatalytic systems and methods of making and using the same are disclosed. The systems can include a first nanomaterial comprising titanium dioxide (TiO03-04-2010
20100025223Extreme Ultraviolet Light Source Device - Offset in the ejection direction of target material droplets is corrected in order to stabilize EUV output in an EUV light source device. An extreme ultraviolet light source device includes a droplet generation device 02-04-2010
20090101491METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR RAPID CRYSTALLIZATION OF BIOMOLECULES - The present invention relates to methods and apparatus for promoting rapid formation of biomolecule crystals from a solution of biomolecules, preferably proteins, wherein the protein solution undergoes rapid concentration according to its isoelectric point in an electric field. Protein crystallization according to the methods of the present invention takes place within a period of hours or less.04-23-2009
20120186972CHEMICAL REACTOR AND ITS USAGE IN CHEMICAL REACTION - A chemical reactor comprises a microwave irradiating apparatus and a chemical reaction apparatus. The microwave irradiating apparatus comprises a microwave generator and a microwave irradiating cavity (07-26-2012
20090020408Substrate Processing Method and Substrate Processing Apparatus - A substrate processing method that achieves enhancement in productivity by making it possible to confirm the end point in the ashing process precisely is provided. The substrate processing method includes: detecting emission intensity; calculating an amount of variance in emission intensity that has been detected; detecting an end point from the calculated amount of variance in emission intensity; making a comparison between the detected end point and a predetermined time; and displaying a result of the comparison.01-22-2009
20110036706System and Method Using a Microwave-Transparent Reaction Chamber for Production of Fuel from a Carbon-Containing Feedstock - Approaches for producing fuel from a carbon-containing feedstock are described. Feedstock is introduced into a substantially microwave-transparent reaction chamber. A microwave source emits microwaves which are directed through the microwave-transparent wall of the reaction chamber to impinge on the feedstock within the reaction chamber. The microwave source may be rotated relative to the reaction chamber. The feedstock is subjected to microwaves until the desired reaction occurs to produce a fuel. A catalyst can be mixed with the feedstock to enhance the reaction process.02-17-2011
20110036705PRESSURE STEPPED MICROWAVE ASSISTED DIGESTION - An instrument and method for high pressure microwave assisted chemistry are disclosed. The method includes the steps of applying microwave radiation to a sample in a sealed vessel while measuring the temperature of the sample and measuring the pressure generated inside the vessel and until the measured pressure reaches a designated set point, opening the vessel to release gases until the pressure inside the vessel reaches a lower designated set point, closing the vessel, and repeating the steps of opening the vessel at designated pressure set points and closing the vessel at designated pressure set points to the sample until the sample reaction reaches a designated high temperature. The designated set points can controllably differ from one another as the reaction proceeds. Microwave energy can be applied continuously or intermittently during the opening and closing steps. The apparatus includes a microwave cavity, a microwave transparent pressure resistant reaction vessel in the cavity, a cap on the reaction vessel, a pressure sensor for measuring pressure in the vessel, a temperature sensor, and means for opening and closing the cap at predetermined pressure set points measured by the pressure sensor to release pressure from the vessel.02-17-2011
20100230271DEVICES AND METHODS FOR PERFORMING MICROWAVE ASSISTED CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS - Devices and methods for performing microwave-assisted chemical synthesis including heterogeneous starting materials, comprising a reaction vessel (09-16-2010
20130008775Photocatalytic Panel and System for Recovering Output Products Thereof - A system and method is provided for using sunlight to convert an atmospheric gas to an output product and capture that output product. A photocatalytic element is encapsulated within a chamber of a photocatalytic panel in which the chamber is light transmissive, and is substantially permeable to the atmospheric gas and substantially impermeable to the output product. Water may be provided to the photocatalytic element to react with the atmospheric gas. A system is provided for withdrawing the output product for storage.01-10-2013
20100170777AGENT FOR DEGRADING A NUCLEIC ACID AND METHOD OF DEGRADING A NUCLEIC ACID - The present invention provides an agent for degrading a nucleic acid, which includes ethidium monoazide as an active ingredient, and is useful as an antibacterial agent such as a bactericide or a disinfectant.07-08-2010
20080223713Photocatalyst Having Improved Quantum Efficiency and Method for Use in Photocatalytic and Photosynthetic - The present invention involves increasing the quantum efficiency in titania photocatalysts for photocatalytic (oxidation of acetaldehyde) and photosynthetic (photosplitting of water) reactions by integrating the titania photocatalyst with a polar mineral having surface electrical fields due to pyroelectric and piezoelectric effects, and by adjusting the nanostructure of the photocatalyst materials. The photocatalytic reactivity of titania powder is increased due to the effect of electric field present on the surface of polar mineral material on the photocatalytic effect of commercial titania with respect to photolysis of water. Additionally, the photocatalytic performance of pure phase rutile and anatase nanostructures with well defined morphologies was found to improved with respect to certain photocatalytic reactions in comparison with non-structured titania.09-18-2008
20110214983Method for controlling structure of nano-scale substance, and method for preparing low dimensional quantum structure having nano-scale using the method for controlling structure - A method for controlling a structure of a nano-scale substance may include irradiating a mixture of low-dimensional quantum structures having a nano-scale with an electromagnetic wave in an oxygen atmosphere, to thereby selectively oxidize a low-dimensional quantum structure having a density of states resonating with the electromagnetic wave used for the irradiation. The method allows a low-dimensional quantum structure having a specific structure to be selectively removed from the mixture of low-dimensional quantum structures having a nano-scale.09-08-2011
20110209980Method for controlling structure of nano-scale substance, and method for preparing low dimensional quantum structure having nano-scale using the method for controlling structure - A method for controlling a structure of a nano-scale substance may include irradiating a mixture of low-dimensional quantum structures having a nano-scale with an electromagnetic wave in an oxygen atmosphere, to thereby selectively oxidize a low-dimensional quantum structure having a density of states resonating with the electromagnetic wave used for the irradiation. The method allows a low-dimensional quantum structure having a specific structure to be selectively removed from the mixture of low-dimensional quantum structures having a nano-scale.09-01-2011
20110209979CHEMICAL REACTORS WITH ANNULARLY POSITIONED DELIVERY AND REMOVAL DEVICES, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Chemical reactors with annularly positioned delivery and removal devices, and associated systems and methods. A reactor in accordance with a particular embodiment includes a reactor vessel having a light-transmissible surface proximate to a reaction zone, and a movable reactant delivery system positioned within the reactor vessel. The reactor can further include a product removal system positioned within the reactor vessel and positioned annularly inwardly or outwardly from the delivery system. A solar concentrator is positioned to direct solar radiation through the light-transmissible surface to the reaction zone.09-01-2011
20080197013MICROWAVE INDUCED DESTRUCTION OF IMPURITIES FROM BIOGAS AND NITROGEN OXIDES FROM ENGINE EXHAUST - Granulated Activated Carbon (GAC) is used to remove hydrogen sulfide (H08-21-2008
20110233046DEVICES, APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING PHOTOSTIMULATION AND IMAGING OF STRUCTURES - According to exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure, it is possible to provide method, system, arrangement, computer-accessible medium and device to stimulate individual neurons in brain slices in any arbitrary spatio-temporal pattern, using two-photon uncaging of photo-sensitive compounds such as MNI-glutamate and/or RuBi-Glutamate with beam multiplexing. Such exemplary method and device can have single-cell and three-dimensional precision. For example, by sequentially stimulating up to a thousand potential presynaptic neurons, it is possible to generate detailed functional maps of inputs to a cell. In addition, it is possible to combine this exemplary approach with two-photon calcium imaging in an all-optical method to image and manipulate circuit activity. Further exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure can include a light-weight, compact portable device providing for uses in a wide variety of applications.09-29-2011
20100314242Method for Recovering Gold, Silver, Copper and Iron from Plasma-Caused Slag Containing Valuable Metals - There is disclosed an environmentally friendly method for recovering gold, silver, copper and iron from valuable metal-contained plasma-molten slag. At first, plasma is used to burn the used printed circuit boards, thus producing the slag. Then, the slag is grinded. Then, leaching, crystallization, precipitation, replacement and electric winning are conducted to recover gold, silver, copper and iron.12-16-2010
20110272271APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INJECTING MICROFLUIDIC - Provided is a microfluidic injection device and a method for injecting microfluidic. The microfluidic injection device includes a fluid injection chamber, a gas generation chamber applying pressure to the fluid injection chamber, and a channel connecting the fluid injection chamber to the gas generation chamber.11-10-2011
20130192974METHANE CONVERSION DEVICE - Provided herein are methane conversion devices comprising a filter means (e.g., one or more filters), a circulation means (e.g., one or more circulating pumps), a reaction means (e.g., one or more reactor assemblies), a control means (e.g., central process unit, thermo-controller, UV controller, and the like), an energy supply means (e.g., ultra-violet lamp, direct sunlight, heating assembly, and the like).08-01-2013
20130192975Method of Manufacturing a Porous Gallium (III) Oxide Photocatalyst for Preparation of Hydrocarbons - The present invention relates to preparation of porous gallium (III) oxide [Ga08-01-2013
20130192976TITANIA PHOTOCATALYTIC COMPOUNDS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME - Disclosed herein are titania photocatalysts, titania photocatalytic compositions, and methods of making the same. The photocatalysts may, for example, be represented by the formula of (Ti08-01-2013

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