Inventors list

Assignees list

Classification tree browser

Top 100 Inventors

Top 100 Assignees


With concentrator, housing, cooling means, or encapsulated

Subclass of:

136 - Batteries: thermoelectric and photoelectric

136243000 - PHOTOELECTRIC

136252000 - Cells

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20130042915PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CONCENTRATION SYSTEM - A concentrated photovoltaic solar system has a Fresnel lens concentrator (02-21-2013
20110180144Flexible photovoltaic module - A flexible photovoltaic module comprising a base layer which is mated, by interposition of an intermediate junction element made of polymeric material, with a photovoltaic film.07-28-2011
20100089450NEAR-FIELD DIFFRACTION SUPERPOSITION OF LIGHT BEAMS FOR CONCENTRATING SOLAR SYSTEMS - Disclosed herein is a concentrating photovoltaic system utilizing a lens/reflector array to spatially divide the incident sunlight into separate incoherent beams, and a principle optical element to superpose the separate beams that undergo near-field diffraction/transmission, and form a uniform illumination pattern on the photovoltaic (PV) cell with similar shape and size. The array and principle optical element can be flexibly disposed in the system as long as the near-field diffraction condition is satisfied. The PV cell is disposed close to the focus of the principle optical element, and the concentrated illumination pattern on the PV cell is nearly a geometric projection of individual lens/reflector in the array. The size of the pattern is controlled by changing the focal lengths of the array and principle optical element, the distance between them, and the size of individual lens/reflector in the array. The system is insensitive to component misalignment and has the advantage of achieving high concentration ratio and efficient energy conversion with relatively low cost and compact design.04-15-2010
20110203663PHOTONIC CRYSTAL ENHANCED LIGHT TRAPPING SOLAR CELL - This invention relates to a high efficiency solar cell comprising: (a) a top surface of an anti-reflective coating layer; (b) an engineered photonic crystal material layer, (c) an active photovoltaic layer; (d) a photonic crystals with an integrated diffraction grating; (e) a metallic diffraction grating reflective layer, and (f) a metallic back reflector; 08-25-2011
20090114281ABSORBER FOR THE CONVERSION OF SOLAR RAYS INTO THERMAL ENERGY - An absorber for converting solar rays into thermal energy, in particular for use in a solar collector (05-07-2009
20110186128SOLAR CELL ELEMENT HEAT DISSIPATION EFFICIENCY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD - A solar cell element heat dissipation efficiency measurement system and method, such that the adverse influence on the accuracy and stability of heat dissipation efficiency measurement of a solar cell element due to outdoor environment variations and sunlight illumination differences can be avoided effectively. The solar cell element heat dissipation efficiency measurement system, comprising: a solar cell element, placed in a room of constant temperature and constant humidity, with its backside sprayed with a material of high emission coefficient; a power supply, that is used to applied a forward bias on the solar cell element, so as to make the solar cell element produce a forward bias current to become a stable heat source; and an infrared camera, used to detect the temperature variations and distributions of the solar cell element.08-04-2011
20130037108THERMODYNAMICALLY SHIELDED SOLAR CELL - The invention relates to solar cells. More particularly, the invention relates to arrangements and methods to increase the efficiency of solar cells.02-14-2013
20100116336Light Collection and Concentration System - A light collection and concentration system includes a primary light concentrator, a light transport structure, and a light directing structure optically associated with the primary light concentrator. The system may include an optional secondary light concentrator. Each unit-system includes a plurality of the primary light concentrators and a respective plurality of the light directing structures, and only a single light transport structure. A photo-voltaic (PV) cell may advantageously be associated with each unit-system. Solar radiation is focused by the primary concentrators onto respective light directing structures incorporated in a low aspect ratio, sheet-type waveguide light transport structure. Each respective light directing structure intercepts the focused light and deflects it transversely to travel along the length of the light transport structure primarily via total internal reflection (TIR) towards an exit-end of the light transport structure, where it can be input to the PV cell. The optional secondary light concentrator may further concentrate the light out-coupled from the transport structure into the PV cell.05-13-2010
20130081695THIN SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE - A thin sheet for a solar cell module is provided, which includes a substrate and at least one fluoro-containing coating layer, wherein the fluoro-containing coating layer includes: (a) a fluoro resin, including a homopolymer or a copolymer formed with a fluoro olefin monomer selected from the group consisting of monofluoroethylene, vinylidene fluoride, chlorotrifluoroethylene, tetrafluoroethylene, hexafluoropropylene, and a combination thereof; (b) an adhesion promoter of the formula R04-04-2013
20100071768ENHANCED SOLAR COLLECTOR - An enhanced solar collector is provided in this invention, wherein a through hole is formed in a secondary mirror in Cassegrain system, and a light collecting device focusing lights, originally shaded by the secondary mirror, via the through hole to increase light-collecting efficiency of the enhanced solar collector.03-25-2010
20100147381Ultra and very high efficiency solar cells - The present invention is an apparatus and method for the realization of a photovoltaic solar cell that is able to achieve greater than 50% efficiency and can be manufactured at low cost on a large scale. The apparatus of the present invention is an integrated optical and solar cell design that allows a much broader choice of materials, enabling high efficiency, the removal of many existing cost drivers, and the inclusion of multiple other innovations.06-17-2010
20130074932SOLAR CELL PACKAGE STRUCTURE - A solar cell package structure includes a first substrate, a second substrate and a sealant. The first substrate has a first surface with a first rough portion. The second substrate has a second surface with a second rough portion, which is opposite to the first surface. The sealant is disposed between the first and second substrates and bonds the first and second surfaces. At least a part of the sealant covers the first rough portion and the second rough portion.03-28-2013
20130074931POLYMER INTERLAYERS COMPRISING EPOXIDIZED VEGETABLE OIL - An interlayer comprised of a thermoplastic resin, varying amounts of an epoxidized vegetable oil, and, optionally, a conventional plasticizer. The use of a thermoplastic resin, an epoxidized vegetable (plant) oil, and, optionally, a conventional plasticizer creates synergy allowing the flow of the interlayer to be increased without sacrificing other characteristics typically associated with an increased flow (e.g., increased blocking and creep, exudation, surface roughness formation, decreased mechanical strength, and decreased manufacturing capability). In this regard, the epoxidized vegetable oil acts as a flow improvement agent, resulting in a high-flow interlayer. As a result, a thinner interlayer can be utilized in forming multiple layer panels because the resulting thinner interlayer has improved flow properties.03-28-2013
20130206229SOLAR CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method of manufacturing a solar cell, including the steps of: forming an SiNx film over a second principal surface of an n-type semiconductor substrate; forming a p-type diffusion layer over a first principal surface of the n-type semiconductor substrate after the SiNx film forming step; and forming an SiO08-15-2013
20120174982PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - An object of the present invention is to provide a photovoltaic module that achieves a reduction in adverse influence of damage accumulated in a collector electrode provided on the light receiving surface side, and a method for manufacturing the photovoltaic module. To this end, in a photovoltaic module of the present invention, the degree of cross-linkage of the second region of the sealing material that is in contact with the back surface of the solar cell is smaller than that of the first region of the sealing material that is in contact with the light receiving surface of the solar cell.07-12-2012
20120174981PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE MOUNTING SYSTEM - A system for mounting a photovoltaic module onto a structure at least in part made of metal, in which the photovoltaic module includes at least one photovoltaic cell including electrically conductive elements, the mounting system including, in each region in which the photovoltaic cell is near a grounded metal part of the structure when in the mounted configuration, at least one electrically insulating element positioned between the metal part and the nearest part of the electrically conductive elements of the photovoltaic cell, the total thickness of electrically insulating material between the metal part and the nearest part of the electrically conductive elements of the photovoltaic cell being at least 7 mm.07-12-2012
20120174980SOLAR CELL WITH DOUBLE GROOVE DIFFRACTION GRATING - Double groove diffraction gratings are used in combination with various types of photoelectrodes including dye-sensitized and organic photoelectrodes to increase absorption efficiency as well as to provide one or more of a variety of functions including transparency and reflectivity.07-12-2012
20130081696PACKAGING MATERIAL FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE AND USES THEREOF - A packaging material for a solar cell module is provided, which includes a substrate and at least one fluoro-containing coating layer, where the fluoro-containing coating layer includes: (a) a fluoro resin, including a homopolymer or a copolymer formed with a fluoro olefin monomer selected from the group consisting of monofluoroethylene, vinylidene fluoride, chlorotrifluoroethylene, tetrafluoroethylene, hexafluoropropylene, and a combination thereof; and (b) an adhesion promoter of the formula R04-04-2013
20090050201SOLAR CELL - Disclosed is a photovoltaic solar cell and method for producing same for conversion of light into electric power using a composite film having micron sized down to nanometer sized particles sufficiently sized for precise light scattering. A matrix material is further provided having a substantially different refractive index to provide a refractive index contrast for light scattering.02-26-2009
20130032208FLAT-ROOF MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A mounting system for positioning at least one photovoltaic module of a PV-module unit on a planar flat roof in an inclined position defining an angle with the flat roof, comprising: a frame, wherein the frame defines a PV-module unit mounting side, a back side, two lateral sides, and a bottom side, which commonly define a prism, the base area of which corresponds to one of the lateral sides, the cover area of which corresponds to the other one of the lateral sides, and a jacket area of which corresponds to the mounting side, the back side and the bottom side. The mounting and back sides intersect along an imaginary line which defines a ridge arranged oppositely to the bottom side. A wind deflector may be attached to the back side such that an open ridge gap is formed and connects an interior of the prism to the environment.02-07-2013
20100101647NON-AUTOCLAVE LAMINATION PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULES - Disclosed is an improved non-autoclave lamination process for manufacturing solar cell modules, which combines a laminator and at least one pair of confronting nip rollers.04-29-2010
20090114280COMBINATION NON-IMAGING CONCENTRATOR - The present invention is a combination non-imaging concentrator in which at least one surface or volume is incorporated as an optical element to increase obliquity of reflection at walls of a light guide. The combination non-imaging concentrator may be used in a solar energy system to receive solar radiation from optical components and then output the solar radiation to a photovoltaic cell for conversion to electricity. One or more lenses may be formed integrally with the light guide, or may be used in conjunction with the light guide as separate components.05-07-2009
20090159128LEADFRAME RECEIVER PACKAGE FOR SOLAR CONCENTRATOR - A system includes a leadframe comprising a first conductive element, a solar cell electrically coupled to the first conductive element and comprising an active area, and mold compound disposed on the leadframe and the solar cell. The mold compound defines a first aperture over at least a portion of the active area and a second aperture over at least a portion of the first conductive element.06-25-2009
20090159129SEALING FILM FOR SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL USING THE SEALING FILM - [Problem to be Solved] The object of the present invention is to provide a sealing film having excellent productivity, and improved light resistance and heat resistance, and a solar cell provided with the sealing film.06-25-2009
20090159127Concentration solar cell chip packaging structure and method of forming the same - In a method of forming a concentration solar cell chip packaging structure, at least one solar cell chip is mounted on an electrically conducting plate, and the solar cell chip along with the conducting plate are encapsulated in a package made of a highly light-pervious and shock-absorbing polymer material. Moreover, a thin layer of low-iron, high-strength, and light-pervious material is attached to an outer surface of the polymer package. With the above method, the concentration solar cell chip packaging structure may be formed with shortened processing time and improved processing quality to give the packaged solar cell increased light transmittance and prolonged usable life.06-25-2009
20090159126INTEGRATED OPTICS FOR CONCENTRATOR SOLAR RECEIVERS - A solar concentrator system, including at least two reflecting devices and a refracting lens, is provided. The reflecting devices focus light onto the lens which further concentrates the light on a solar cell. The lens increases the system's acceptance angle. In one embodiment the lens may be attached to the solar cell. In other embodiments, the lens is supported by a support structure, connecting element, and reflecting device.06-25-2009
20090159125SOLAR CELL PACKAGE FOR SOLAR CONCENTRATOR - An apparatus may include an integrated circuit package substrate comprising a first surface and a second surface, a solar cell coupled to the first surface of the integrated circuit package substrate, and a light-transmissive element coupled to the second surface of the integrated circuit package substrate. The integrated circuit package substrate and the light-transmissive element form a hermetic seal or a semi-hermetic seal around the solar cell.06-25-2009
20130037107ADHESIVE LAYER FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic (PV) module comprising a pressure sensitive adhesive to attach solar cells and a dielectric layer to each other has been disclosed. The use of the pressure sensitive adhesive in the photovoltaic module can significantly simplify the module assembly process.02-14-2013
20100108142COMPACT SOLAR APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING ELECTRICITY AND METHOD OF PRODUCING ELECTRICITY USING A COMPACT SOLAR APPARATUS - The present invention relates to a compact solar module (CSM) apparatus and a method of producing electricity using such an apparatus in residential buildings for example. One embodiment of the module is made of two arrays of 2×4 solar cells. Each cell in the array has a surface area of 36 square inches for example. Each array covers an area of 1×2 square ft, generating 26.4 Watts of electricity. One CSM of this embodiment consists of 2×8 sub-CSMs, generating a total of 422.24 Watts, and having the assembled dimension of 27.5″×21′×7.6″. The compact feature of solar module relies on sunray transmission to the solar cells and their remote illumination through optical fibers and sets of concave and convex mirrors & lenses. Sunrays are collected and concentrated and condensed on the optical fiber bundles installed in light guides penetrating through a roof top and tracks sunrays during sunrays. To illuminate the entire surface of a photocell, an array of 2×2 mirrors/fibers arranged in a square configuration, are utilized. This configuration optimizes material usage, cost effectiveness and provides greater sun energy for PV cells illumination.05-06-2010
20100108143ARTICLES WITH HIGHLY ABRASION-RESISTANT POLYOLEFIN LAYERS - An article is disclosed which comprises a substrate and an outermost layer where the outermost layer or a portion thereof adheres to or in contact with the substrate and comprises a polyolefin composition and the article provides long lifetime, highly abrasion-resistant articles for use in a wide range of aggressive environmental conditions and can be used as safety glass or solar cell laminate.05-06-2010
20090211636SOLAR CELL FOCUSING DEVICE - A solar cell focusing device includes a concave and a convex section for focusing sunlight. The concave section is provided at a predetermined position with a through hole, and the convex section is disposed opposite to the concave section with a convex surface of the convex section facing toward a concave surface of the concave section. Therefore, more solar energy from sunlight may be concentrated on a solar cell disposed behind the concave section.08-27-2009
20090120500SOLAR CELL PACKAGE FOR SOLAR CONCENTRATOR - A system may include a substrate, and a solar cell including a top side and a bottom side, the top side having an active area and the bottom side coupled to the substrate. A frame may be coupled to the substrate, the frame defining an upper opening above the active area and a lower opening above the active area and between the active area and the upper opening. The lower opening may be smaller than the upper opening in at least one dimension, and an optical element may be disposed within the upper opening.05-14-2009
20090120499SYSTEMS TO RETAIN AN OPTICAL ELEMENT ON A SOLAR CELL - A system may include a solar cell, a support defining an opening over the solar cell and comprising a retention feature, and an optical element disposed within the opening. The optical element may include a location feature engaged with the retention feature of the support. In some aspects, the optical element includes an upper surface to receive concentrated light and a lower surface through which light passes to the solar cell, and the location feature is disposed between the upper surface and the lower surface. The retention feature may be a lip defining the opening over the solar cell, and/or the location feature may consist of a notch defined by an edge of the optical element.05-14-2009
20130087199Electronic Device Module Comprising Long Chain Branched (LCB), Block or Interconnected Copolymers of Ethylene and Optionally Silane - An electronic device module is disclosed comprising: 04-11-2013
20130068304SEALING MATERIAL, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE - There is provided a sealing material including a composite resin (A) including a polysiloxane segment (a1) having a structural unit represented by general formula (1) and/or general formula (2) and a silanol group and/or a hydrolyzable silyl group and a vinyl-based polymer segment (a2) having an alcoholic hydroxyl group, the vinyl-based polymer segment (a2) being bonded to the polysiloxane segment (a1) through a bond represented by general formula (3), and a polyisocyanate (B), wherein the content of the polysiloxane segment (a1) is 10% to 50% by weight relative to the total solid content of a curable resin composition, and the content of the polyisocyanate (B) is 5% to 50% by weight relative to the total solid content of the curable resin composition. There are also provided a solar cell module and a light-emitting diode that each use the sealing material.03-21-2013
20130068303MULTILAYER COMPOSITION CONTAINING FLUOROPOLYMER AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The disclosure provides a multilayer composition containing fluoropolymer and method for fabricating the same, and a solar cell module. The multilayer composition includes: a fluoropolymer layer; a non-fluorinated polymer layer; and an adhesion promoter layer formed between the fluoropolymer layer and the non-fluorinated polymer layer, wherein the adhesion promoter layer includes aromatic diamines or aromatic polyamines.03-21-2013
20130068302APPARATUS FOR SOLAR TRACKING OF ENERGY HARVESTER - An apparatus for solar tracking using minimal energy is described. A prismatic energy harvester (03-21-2013
20120180866SEALING MATERIAL SHEET - A sealing material sheet which is used as a member of a solar cell module formed by heating and pressing a laminate in which a first protective member, a first sealing material sheet, a photoelectric conversion cell, a second sealing material sheet, and a second protective member are laminated in this order, including an uneven pattern being formed on one surface or both surfaces of the first sealing material sheet and the second sealing material sheet through an embossing process, the embossing process being performed so that the percentage V07-19-2012
20090044861LUMINESCENT OBJECT AND UTILIZATION THEREOF - A first aspect of the invention relates to a luminescent object comprising: a. a luminescent layer or core containing a photoluminescent material; and b. a wavelength-selective mirror; wherein the luminescent layer or luminescent core is optically coupled to the wavelength-selective mirror, said wavelength-selective mirror being at least 50% transparent to light absorbed by the photoluminescent material and at least 50% reflective to radiation that is emitted by the photoluminescent material. The luminescent object according to the present invention may advantageously be employed in luminescent solar concentrator systems as it enables highly efficient transportation of radiation emitted by the photoluminescent material following exposure to incident solar light. Another aspect of the invention concerns a photovoltaic device comprising an electromagnetic radiation collection medium containing the aforementioned luminescent object and a photovoltaic cell capable of converting optical radiation to electrical energy which is optically coupled to the luminescent object. Further aspects of the invention include a fluorescent light activated display and a room lighting system comprising the aforementioned luminescent object.02-19-2009
20100000605FRAMED DEVICE, SEAL, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - The disclosure is directed to a framed device. The framed device includes a substrate, a frame, and a seal. The substrate has a first length, a first width, and a peripheral edge. The frame has a single, contiguous lengthwise piece having a first end and a second end, wherein the lengthwise piece is configured to form three corners by bending and is substantially equal to the length of the substrate. The frame further includes an attachment means connecting the first end and second end of the frame when in the bent position and a groove that runs along a length and a width of the frame, wherein the groove is substantially engaged with the peripheral edge of the substrate. The seal is disposed within the groove of the frame, wherein the seal runs contiguously from the substrate to the frame and the seal includes a foamed polymer.01-07-2010
20100132794SEALED PHOTOVOLTAIC APPARATUS - An assembly for producing photovoltaic electricity has an outer assembly having at least one portion transparent to light energy. The outer assembly defines an inner volume. The outer assembly can be made of a first structural member having an opening to an external environment, where the opening is defined by at least one edge. The outer assembly also has a second structural member with a recess that corresponds to the edge at the opening. In this manner the edge of the first structural member conjoins with the corresponding recess of the second structural member, and the edge is conjoined to the corresponding recess with a seal. One or more photovoltaic devices are disposed within the inner assembly volume. Each such photovoltaic device is operable to receive the light and produce photovoltaic electricity in response to it.06-03-2010
20100132793SOLAR CELL, CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER GENERATION MODULE, CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER GENERATION UNIT, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL, AND SOLAR CELL MANUFACTURING APPARATUS - A solar cell (06-03-2010
20130087200ENHANCED THIN FILM SOLAR CELL PERFORMANCE USING TEXTURED REAR REFLECTORS - Back reflector arrays are applied to the surface distal to the incident light receiving surface of a thin film solar cell to increase its efficiency by altering the reflected light path and thereby increasing the path length of light through the active layer of the solar cell. The back reflector is an array of features of micrometer proportions. The feature may be concave or convex features such as hemispheres, hemi-ellipsoids, partial-spheres, partial-ellipsoids, or combinations thereof The feature may be pyramidal. A method of forming the back reflector array is by forming an array of features from a photocurable resin, subsequent curing the resin and metalizing the cured resin to render the surface reflective. The photocurable resin can be applied by inkjet printing or rolling or stamping with a mold.04-11-2013
20130087195SILICON SOLAR CELL WITH BACK SURFACE FIELD - A solar cell and method of fabrication are disclosed. In one embodiment of the present invention, the method comprises depositing a first doped amorphous silicon layer on a first surface of a silicon substrate, depositing a second doped amorphous silicon layer on the first surface of the silicon substrate. The second doped amorphous silicon layer is doped oppositely from the first doped amorphous silicon layer. An anneal is performed to transform the first doped amorphous silicon layer and second doped amorphous silicon layer to crystalline silicon layers.04-11-2013
20130087197CONCENTRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELL PACKAGING USING LAMINATED SUBSTRATES AND AN OPEN WINDOW OVERMOLDING PROCESS - A method of concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) packaging of a semiconductor solar cell for converting solar energy into electricity. The method includes affixing a photovoltaic device to a laminated substrate structure that is obtained by an additive or subtractive lamination process, attaching a photovoltaic device to a mounting paddle of the laminated substrate structure, connecting wire bonding of the photovoltaic device to leads of the laminated substrate structure, and applying overmold material to affix the photovoltaic device to the mounting paddle. During the application of the overmold material, a portion of the photovoltaic device is exposed to allow for the collection of the solar energy.04-11-2013
20130087196Photonic Energy Concentrators Arranged on Plural Levels - Apparatus and methods related to solar energy are provided. Light concentrators are mechanically coupled and arranged as respective groups within a system. Groups are disposed along upper and lower levels. Lower level groups are aligned with respective gaps defined between upper level groups. Angular positioning of the light concentrators tracks the motion of the sun, resulting in varying gap widths. Light concentrators on the lower level receive varying amounts of sunlight accordingly, yet contribute to the overall energy yield from the system.04-11-2013
20130087201PRODUCTION OF SOLAR CELL MODULES - The invention relates to the use of a) at least one (poly)alkyl(meth)acrylate and b) at least one compound according to formula (I), wherein the radicals R04-11-2013
20130087198Electronic Device Module Comprising Heterogeneous Polyolefin Copolymer and Optionally Silane - An electronic device module comprising: 04-11-2013
20120216863SOLAR ENERGY CONCENTRATOR ARCHITECTURES - Solar energy concentrator architectures employ an array of electro-optical liquid prism modules to deflect sunlight onto PV cells. Without any mechanical moving parts, the dynamic liquid prism allows the concentrator to adaptively track the daily changes of the sun's orbit. The liquid prism modules may be arranged, for example, into a sheet-shaped beam steering array; a condenser device such as a Fresnel lens is then used to focus the light deflected by the modules onto one or more PV cells—preferably CPVs. Another possible concentrator architecture requires arranging a plurality of liquid prism modules into a semi-spherical pattern, such that light impinging on the modules is directed onto one or more PV cells or CPVs.08-30-2012
20130056067Photovoltaic Module and Method of Manufacturing the Same - A photovoltaic module includes at least one photovoltaic cell, a back plate, at least two ribbons, an encapsulant layer, and a filler. The back plate is disposed over the photovoltaic cell, in which the back plate has a ribbon hole therein. The ribbons are electrically connected to the photovoltaic cell and pass through the ribbon hole. The encapsulant layer is disposed between the back plate and the photovoltaic cell, in which the encapsulant layer has at least one through hole therein, and both of the ribbons pass through the through hole. The filler fills the through hole of the encapsulant layer, in which a flowability of a material of the filler is greater than a flowability of a material of the encapsulant layer.03-07-2013
20130056068PREPARATION METHOD OF FLEXIBLE ELECTRODES AND FLEXIBLE DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS USING THE SAME - The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a flexible photoelectrode and a dye-sensitized solar cell using the same. More specifically, the method for manufacturingg a photoelectrode comprises forming a nanoparticle metal oxide layer on a flexible substrate, adsorbing dyes, and then, coating polymer, thereby forming a nanoparticle metal oxide layer consisting of nanoparticle metal oxide-dye-polymer.03-07-2013
20130112271POLYESTER FILM FOR SEALING BACKSIDE OF SOLAR CELL - The present invention provides a polyester film for sealing the backside of solar cell having excellent light reflectivity and durability and good electric insulation. A polyester film for sealing the backside of solar cell having a light reflectance at 550 nm wavelength of 50% or more and containing 3 to 50% by mass of inorganic fine particles, characterized in that acid value of the film is 1 to 30 eq/ton and limiting viscosity of the film is 0.60 to 0.80 dL/g.05-09-2013
20090056806Solar cell structure including a plurality of concentrator elements with a notch design and predetermined radii and method - A solar cell concentrator structure includes a first concentrator element having a first aperture region and a first exit region including a first back surface region and a first corner region. The structure also includes a second concentrator element integrally formed with the first concentrator element. The second concentrator element includes a second aperture region and a second exit region-including a second back surface region and a second corner region. Additionally, the structure includes a first radius of curvature of 0.25 mm and less characterizing the first corner structure and the second corner structure, a first coupling region between the first exit region and a first surface region of a first photovoltaic device. The structure further includes a second radius of curvature of 0.15 mm and less characterizing a region between the first concentrator element and the second concentrator element.03-05-2009
20120222741SOLAR CELL WITH IMPROVED PERFORMANCE - This application discloses silicon solar cells manifesting enhanced light induced degradation characteristics. The application also discloses silicon solar cells with a silicon-based substrate comprising boron, oxygen and carbon, and an antireflective coating (ARC) containing at least one carbon-containing layer adjacent to the substrate. Also disclosed are methods for preparing solar cells.09-06-2012
20120222740SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A charge transferor of a solar cell, which collects and transfer charges generated from a semiconductor substrate, includes at least one electrode collecting the charges; and at least one collector transferring the charges collected by the at least one electrode, the at least one collector being included in at least one collector region on the substrate, wherein the at least one collector region in a first direction comprises at least one deletion portion where the at least one collector is not formed.09-06-2012
20120222739Photovoltaic Apparatus - A photovoltaic apparatus includes a substrate, a light-concentrating heat sink unit and a solar cell. The light-concentrating heat sink unit includes a carrier connected to the substrate, at least two fins extending from the carrier, and at least two reflective layers each extending on a related one of the fins. The solar cell includes a lower electrode and a solder layer of low thermal resistance provided between the lower electrode and the carrier.09-06-2012
20130061925Photoelectric Conversion Element Using Thermosetting Sealing Agent For Photoelectric Conversion Element - Disclosed is a photoelectric conversion element which comprises: a first conductive supporting body that has a semiconductor-containing layer; a second conductive supporting body that has a counter electrode which is arranged at a position where the counter electrode faces the semiconductor-containing layer at a predetermined distance; a charge transfer layer that is held in a space between the first and second conductive supporting bodies; and a sealing agent that is provided in the peripheral portions of the first and second conductive supporting bodies so as to seal the charge transfer layer. The photoelectric conversion element is characterized in that the sealing agent is a thermosetting sealing agent for a photoelectric conversion element, said thermosetting sealing agent containing (a) an epoxy resin and (b) at least one heat curing agent that is selected from the group consisting of aromatic hydrazides and aliphatic hydrazides having 6 or more carbon atoms.03-14-2013
20130061924SOLAR CELL HAVING DIELECTRIC BACK REFLECTIVE COATING AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF - In a method for producing a solar cell, a layer stack of dielectric layers is applied to a back of a solar cell substrate and the layer stack is heated and is held at temperatures of at least 700° C. during a time period of at least 5 minutes. The novel solar cell has a layer stack of dielectric layers on its back. At least one of the dielectric layers of the layer stack is densified so that its resistivity to firing-through of pastes with glass components is enhanced.03-14-2013
20090235985CONCENTRATORS FOR SOLAR POWER GENERATING SYSTEMS - The invention is directed to a system for concentrating light for solar thermal and solar photovoltaic generating systems. The system includes a plurality of concentrating regions. Each concentrating region includes an input end having a perimeter or width in a lenticular configuration, an output end having a perimeter or width in a lenticular configuration, and a portion located therebetween defined by a reflective boundary. The invention is also directed to a method of manufacturing a light collection system. The method includes forming a film having multiple recesses. Each recess includes an input end, an output end and a reflective boundary. The output end has a smaller perimeter or a width in a lenticular configuration than a perimeter or a width of the input end in the lenticular configuration.09-24-2009
20090235984Solar cell module - A solar cell module includes a solar cell, a ring and a lens. The solar cell includes at least one photo detector provided on the top, a plurality of pins extended from the bottom and at least a mark formed thereon for marking the pins. The ring is detachably mounted on the solar cell. The ring includes an upper window and a lower window. The lens is disposed in the ring for closing at least one of the upper and lower windows.09-24-2009
20090283144SOLAR CONCENTRATING MIRROR - An article that is suitable for use as a solar concentrating mirror for enhancing the use of solar collection devices, such as solar cells. The article includes a multilayer optical film and a compliant UV protective layer. The article addresses degradation issues in solar concentration devices, provides specific bandwidths of electromagnetic energy to the solar cell while eliminating or reducing undesirable bandwidths of electromagnetic energy that may degrade or adversely affect the solar cell, and renders a compliant sheet of material that may be readily formed into a multitude of shapes or constructions for end use applications. A solar collection device comprising the article and optionally comprising a celestial tracking mechanism is also disclosed.11-19-2009
20090188562FIN-TYPE COMPOUND PARABOLIC CONCENTRATOR - A fin-type compound parabolic concentrator includes a pair of semi-parabolic reflectors arranged on opposite sides of a common plane, the reflectors having a common focal point on the plane and being rotated through an angle defined by a line extending from the apex of each reflector through the focal point. A generally arcuate bottom reflector having a center line within the common plane is connected with the semi-parabolic reflectors. A bi-facial photovoltaic absorber is arranged in the common plane and extends from the focal point to the bottom reflector for absorbing rays of sunlight directed thereon from the reflectors. The absorber has a critical angle below which rays directed thereon will be substantially absorbed and above which rays directed thereon will be substantially reflected and the bottom reflector is configured to limit the angle of rays that strike said absorber to less than said critical angle.07-30-2009
20090014069System and Method for Forming Solar Cell Structures - System and method for forming solar cell structures using a foundry compatible process. According to an embodiment, the present invention provides a method for manufacturing a solar cell. The method includes providing a substrate. The substrate includes a support region. The method also includes transferring a photovoltaic material overlying the support region of the substrate. The photovoltaic material is characterized by a first thickness. The method further includes forming an emitter region on the photovoltaic material by a diffusion process. The emitter region is characterized by a first impurity type. In addition, the method includes forming a mask overlaying the emitter region. The mask exposes at least a first contact region. The method also includes forming the first contact region within the first thickness of the photovoltaic material. Furthermore, the method includes doping the first contact region with a second impurity type.01-15-2009
20120111407PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES WITH POLYPROPYLENE BASED BACKSHEET - The present invention relates to photovoltaic modules backsheets (05-10-2012
20130160851SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module (06-27-2013
20080308154Reflective secondary optic for concentrated photovoltaic systems - A solar power system is disclosed. The solar power system includes: a solar energy receiving solar collector; a reflective secondary optical element comprising one or more sheets, wherein the one or more sheets are arranged to form a hollow structure having an interior surface, an exterior surface, an entry aperture, and an exit aperture, such that at least a portion of the interior of the hollow structure is reflective and wherein the hollow structure is positioned to receive energy from the solar collector through the entry aperture, reflect the energy from the interior surface of the hollow structure, and output the reflected energy through the exit aperture; and a receiver positioned to receive the reflected energy from the exit aperture. The energy from the solar collector is reflected and thereby directed through the exit aperture to the receiver by the reflective secondary optical element.12-18-2008
20080308153RESTRAINED SOLAR COLLECTOR AND METHOD - In one embodiment, a solar collector comprises a solar cell attached with a heat exchanger, and a restraining member attached to the heat exchanger. The restraining member at least partly restrains the heat exchanger when heated. In further embodiments, restraining members and methods are disclosed for at least partly restraining the thermal expansion of a solar collector.12-18-2008
20080308152SOLAR COLLECTOR WITH ANGLED COOLING FINS - In one embodiment, a solar collector includes a heat pipe and at least one cooling fin. The at least one cooling fin is attached to the heat pipe at a non-perpendicular first angle relative to the heat pipe. In further embodiments, methods of transferring heat are disclosed, in addition to methods of manufacturing solar collectors.12-18-2008
20120234390METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INTEGRATED SOLAR CELL USING A PLURALITY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC REGIONS - A solar cell device has a back cover member, which includes a surface area and a back area, and a plurality of photovoltaic regions disposed overlying the surface area of the back cover member. The plurality of photovoltaic regions may occupy a total photovoltaic spatial region. The device has an encapsulating material overlying a portion of the back cover member and a front cover member coupled to the encapsulating material. An interface region is provided along at least a peripheral region of the back cover member and the front cover member. A sealed region is formed on at least the interface region to form an individual solar cell from the back cover member and the front cover member. The total photovoltaic spatial region/the surface area of the back cover may be at a ratio of about 0.80 and less for the individual solar cell.09-20-2012
20120234389SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module according to an embodiment includes a solar cell device and a support structure supporting the solar cell device. The solar cell device is a belt-like solar cell device including first portions arranged in one direction such that major surfaces thereof face each other, and a second portion interposed between the first portions. The edges of the first portions that correspond to a pair of long sides of the solar cell device are parallel to each other. Two adjacent first portions incline forwardly and backwardly with respect to the one direction. The second portion includes one or more planar or curved surfaces to connect the two adjacent first portions to each other.09-20-2012
20120234388ASSEMBLY FOR ELECTRICAL BREAKDOWN PROTECTION FOR HIGH CURRENT, NON-ELONGATE SOLAR CELLS WITH ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE SUBSTRATES - Methods and devices are provided for avalanche breakdown in a thin-film solar cell. In one embodiment, a method of breakdown protection assembly comprises providing a single reel of material which is pre-cut in a pattern so that a first portion of the material can be overlapped to a second portion of material to sandwich a breakdown protection device therebetween09-20-2012
20120234386STRUCTURAL MEMBER TYPE PHOTOVOLTAIC CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM FOR HIGHER RELIABILITY AND SAFETY LEVEL OF SHIPS - Disclosed is a structural member type photovoltaic curtain wall for improving safety and reliability of a ship, the structural member type photovoltaic curtain wall including: a frame functioning as a structural member of an upper structure of a ship; and a solar cell capable of adjusting an angle of incident sunlight with respect to the frame, the solar cell being attached to the frame.09-20-2012
20080295887THREE-DIMENSIONAL THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS - A three-dimensional thin-film solar cell 12-04-2008
20130160852SOLAR CONCENTRATOR AND PRODUCTION METHOD - The invention relates to a solar concentrator, comprising a solid body made of a transparent material, which has a light coupling surface and a convex light decoupling surface, wherein the solid body has a light guide part between the light coupling surface and the convex light decoupling surface, wherein said light guide part is tapered in the direction of the convex light decoupling surface. The invention further relates to a production method, wherein the material is precision-molded between two molds.06-27-2013
20110017295PACKAGE FOR SOLAR CELL CHIP - A solar cell package comprises a substrate, a light-electricity transformation unit provided on the substrate for transforming solar energy into electricity, a package component covering the light-electricity transformation unit and the substrate, and a carbon nanotube film. The carbon nanotube film is provided on a surface of the light-electricity transformation unit to increase heat dissipation. A Fresnel lens is disposed corresponding to the top of the light-electricity transformation unit, and converges and concentrates solar energy on the light-electricity transformation unit.01-27-2011
20110247692Thin Film Type Solar Cell and Method for Manufacturing the Same - A thin film type solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same is disclosed, which is capable of improving cell efficiency through the use of a light-scattering film interposed between a substrate and a front electrode layer so as to increase a path length of solar ray in a semiconductor layer by refracting solar ray at various angles, the thin film type solar cell comprising the substrate; the light-scattering film including a bead and a binder, wherein the binder is provided to bind the bead; the front electrode layer on the light-scattering film; the semiconductor layer on the front electrode layer; and a rear electrode layer on the semiconductor layer.10-13-2011
20110146794THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL AND MANUFACTURE METHOD THEREOF - A thin-film solar cell and a manufacture method thereof are provided. The thin-film solar cell comprises a transparent substrate, a first transparent conductive layer, a photovoltaic layer, a second transparent conductive layer and a light reflecting structure. The transparent substrate has a light incident surface and a back surface opposite to the light incident surface. The first transparent conductive layer is disposed on the back surface of the transparent substrate. The photovoltaic layer is disposed on the first transparent conductive layer. The second transparent conductive layer is disposed on the photovoltaic layer. The light reflecting structure is disposed on the second transparent conductive layer. The manufacture method forms the light reflecting structure having a texture structure on the thin film to enhance utilization of light beams in the thin-film solar cell so as to further improve photoelectric conversion efficiency of the thin-film solar cell.06-23-2011
20130008507SHEET FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A sheet for a photovoltaic cell is provided. The sheet for a photovoltaic cell has excellent heat resistance, lightfastness, weather resistance, moisture resistance and insulating properties, and may improve light condensing efficiency when applied to a photovoltaic module.01-10-2013
20110277839ED STRUCTURE AND SOLAR CELL INCLUDING THE SAME - An anti-reflection coating (ARC) stacked structure including a first ARC layer and a second ARC layer is provided. The first ARC layer is a continuous layer and the second ARC layer, located over the first ARC layer, is formed in fractals. In addition, a solar cell including the ARC stacked structure is further provided.11-17-2011
20110061735CROSSLINKABLE ETHYLENE COPOLYMER COMPOSITION, ENCAPSULATING SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL ELEMENT COMPOSED OF THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE USING THE SHEET - The present invention provides a crosslinkable ethylene copolymer composition which is superior in transparency, heat resistance, adhesive property, flexibility, moldability, durability, and the like, as well as in insulating property, and which shows less decrease in adhesive property with time and can maintain the adhesive property for a long period, and a crosslinkable sheet composed of said composition, and an encapsulating sheet for solar cell and a solar cell module. More in detail, the present invention relates to a crosslinkable ethylene copolymer composition comprising a dialkoxysilane having a double bond in a ratio of 3 parts by weight or less to 100 parts by weight of ethylene copolymer, and a crosslinked sheet of said composition, and further to an encapsulating sheet for solar cell composed of said composition and a solar cell module using the sheet.03-17-2011
20100282318PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module includes an encapsulated photovoltaic element and an infrared transmissive decorative overlay simulating conventional roofing.11-11-2010
20110100459SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes a substrate, an emitter layer at a front surface of the substrate, a first anti-reflection layer on the emitter layer, a back surface field layer at a back surface of the substrate, and a second anti-reflection layer on the back surface field layer. The first anti-reflection layer and the second anti-reflection layer overlap may each other.05-05-2011
20110297228UV BLOCKING FLUOROPOLYMER FILM - The invention describes a polymer that is composed of a fluoropolymer modified with a UV absorber. The UV absorber is grafted to the polymeric backbone of the fluoropolymer. Optionally, a HALS can also be grated to the polymeric backbone of the fluoropolymer. Incorporation or the absorber or stabilizer helps to reduce degradation of underlying layers such as an encapsulant while still allowing useful light energy to pass through the layers to a device, such as a photovoltaic device.12-08-2011
20110272024MULTI-LAYER SiN FOR FUNCTIONAL AND OPTICAL GRADED ARC LAYERS ON CRYSTALLINE SOLAR CELLS - Embodiments of the invention include a solar cell and methods of forming a solar cell. Specifically, the methods may be used to form a passivation/anti-reflection layer having combined functional and optical gradient properties on a solar cell substrate. The methods may include flowing a first process gas mixture into a process volume within a processing chamber generating plasma in the processing chamber at a power density of greater than 0.65 W/cm11-10-2011
20110272023SOLAR CELL PACKAGING STRUCTURE - A lightweight, spill resistant, impact resistant and shatter resistant solar cell packaging structure practical for use in a portable product is disclosed to include a top covering layer and a bottom covering layer respectively molded from a thermoplastic polymer, and a solar cell layer formed of an array of solar cell chips and laminated in between the top covering layer and the bottom covering layer.11-10-2011
20120060921Solar Cell Apparatus - Disclosed is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes a solar cell panel; a first heat dissipation member under the solar cell panel; and a plurality of second heat dissipation members inserted into the solar cell panel and the first heat dissipation member. The solar cell apparatus has a structure capable of effectively dissipating heat, so the solar cell apparatus has improved performance and durability.03-15-2012
20110284077PROTECTION APPARATUS FOR A SOLAR RECEIVER - Protection apparatus for protecting a photovoltaic solar energy receiver from overheating due to concentrated solar radiation reflected from mirrors towards the receiver, the protection apparatus comprising: a shield arranged to move between a stowed position out of a path of solar radiation onto the receiver and a shielding position in the path of solar radiation, unless restrained in the stowed position; and a restraint mechanism for restraining the shield in the stowed position.11-24-2011
20110284075POLYMER SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL BACK SHEET, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - There is provided a polymer sheet for a solar cell back sheet, which includes a polymer support, an undercoat layer which contains a binder and is provided on at least one surface of the polymer support to a thickness of 0.05 to 10 μm, and a fluorine-containing polymer layer which contains a binder including at least a fluorine-based polymer and is provided in contact with the undercoat layer of the at least one surface of the polymer support, to a thickness of 0.8 to 12 μm.11-24-2011
20090126793Transparent photovoltaic module - A multi-layered transparent photovoltaic cell of the silicon variety. With transparent electrodes on both sides of each of the two independent silicon structures. The spectral makeup of the captured light is influenced by designing/controlling the optical characteristics of the layers of the two photovoltaic layers, and their non-conductive components. Light passing thru the collector that is not captured for photovoltaic purposes is available to provide illumination to the interior of an office, dwelling, or vehicle.05-21-2009
20110297229INTEGRATED CONCENTRATING PHOTOVOLTAICS - Optical sheets, light collection and conversion systems and methods of forming optical sheets are provided. An optical sheet includes a light guide layer having at least one light guide and a light concentrator layer adjacent to the light guide layer for concentrating incident light. Each light guide has a substantially uniform thickness with respect to a propagation direction of light through the light guide and includes a plurality of input-coupling elements and at least one output-coupling element. The light concentrator layer includes a plurality of concentrator elements optically coupled to the plurality of input-coupling elements of the respective light guide. Each light guide is configured to combine the concentrated light from the respective plurality of concentrator elements and to guide the combined light to the at least one output-coupling element.12-08-2011
20110297233ACID TERPOLYMER FILMS OR SHEETS AND ARTICLES COMPRISING THE SAME - The present invention provides a safety laminate or solar cell module comprising an acid terpolymer containing film or sheet, wherein the acid terpolymer comprises copolymerized units derived from an α-olefin, about 15 to about 30 wt % of an α,β-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid having 3 to 8 carbons, and about 0.5 to about 40 wt % of an α,β-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid ester having 4 to 12 carbons, based on the total weight of the acid terpolymer.12-08-2011
20090007966Solar cell and method for producing solar cell - Disclosed is a solar cell including a passivation film (01-08-2009
20110061734METHOD FOR FORMING NANO SIZE TURF ON TRANSPARENT POLYMER FILMS USED IN SOLAR CELLS, AND METHOD FOR ENHANCING TRANSMITTANCE OF TRANSPARENT POLYMER FILMS OF SOLAR CELLS - The method for forming nano size turfs on a surface of a transparent polymer film used in a solar cell is disclosed, which comprises a first step for attaching a transparent polymer film on a glass, a second step for installing the glass prepared in the first step on an upper side of the electrodes provided in the interior of a chamber and forming either a vacuum environment or an atmospheric environment, and a third step for supplying an electric power to the electrodes under the environment formed in the second step, etching the transparent polymer film attached on the surface of the glass and forming nano size turfs in circular cone shapes.03-17-2011
20100282317METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ASSEMBLING A SOLAR CELL USING A PLURALITY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC REGIONS - A solar cell device. The device has a housing member. The device also has a lead frame member coupled to the housing member. In a preferred embodiment, the lead frame member has at least one photovoltaic strip thereon, which has a surface region and a back side region. The device has an optical elastomer material having a first thickness overlying the surface region of the photovoltaic surface. The device has a second substrate member comprising at least one optical concentrating element thereon. The optical concentrating element has a first side and a second side. The device has a first interface within a vicinity of the surface region and the first thickness of the optical elastomer material and a second interface within a vicinity of the second side and the optical elastomer material. In a specific embodiment, the optical concentrating element is coupled to the surface region of the photovoltaic strip such that the optical elastomer material is in between the surface region of the photovoltaic strip and the second side of the optical concentrating element. In a specific embodiment, the device has a spacing comprising essentially the optical elastomer material between the second side of the optical concentrating element and the surface region of the photovoltaic strip. The device has a plurality of particles having a predetermined dimension (e.g., non-compressible and substantially non-deformable particles) spatially disposed overlying the surface region of the photovoltaic strip and within a second thickness of the optical elastomer material to define the spacing between the surface region and the second side of the optical concentrating element. In a specific embodiment, the first interface is substantially free from one or more gaps (e.g., air gaps and/or pockets) and the second interface substantially free from one or more gaps to form a substantially continuous optical interface from the first side of the optical concentrating element, through the first interface, and through the second interface to the photovoltaic strip.11-11-2010
20100263724SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell base body is attached to a frame smoothly and without being damaged. At the time of attaching the solar cell base body, a sealing material applied in a guide groove of the frame is prevented from protruding to the surface of the solar cell base body. Furthermore, the solar cell base body and the frame are stably fixed even when the solar cell module is at a high temperature and the sealing material is softened. The solar cell module includes the solar cell base body, the frame to be attached to the solar cell base body, and a spacer to be attached to the frame, wherein the frame is provided with at least a first base body supporting section for sandwiching the solar cell base body from the front surface, and a second base body supporting section for sandwiching the solar cell base body from the rear surface, a guide groove for inserting the solar cell base body is formed between the first base body supporting section and the second base body supporting section, and the spacers are attached to the second base body supporting section at predetermined intervals.10-21-2010
20110214738CONCENTRATING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - Provided is a photo/thermo curable liquid encapsulant formulation for use in the construction of a variety of optical assemblies. Also provided are such optical assemblies.09-08-2011
20100032015System and method for generating power from solar radiation - The system for generating power from solar radiation is an energy production system that utilizes ultraviolet radiation, such as that generated by the sun, to produce ozone from diatomic oxygen gas. The system includes a housing having a lower wall, an upper wall and at least one sidewall, with the housing defining an open interior region. The upper wall is at least partially transparent to ultraviolet radiation, and inlet and outlet ports are formed through the housing. The ultraviolet radiation converts the oxygen gas into ozone gas, and the ozone gas diffuses into an electrolytic solution, where the ozone gas is broken into ionized monatomic oxygen and ionized diatomic oxygen gas. The ionized monatomic gas bonds to a cathode and ions from the electrolytic solution bond with an anode. Leads are secured to the anode and cathode for drawing usable electricity from the system.02-11-2010
20110214737METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A SOLAR CELL AND THE SOLAR CELL MANUFACTURED BY THE SAME (AS AMENDED) - A method of manufacturing a solar cell according to the present invention is a method of manufacturing a solar cell which includes a reflective part 09-08-2011
20120097248SOLAR CELL MODULE AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF - A solar cell module includes a glass substrate, a first sealing resin layer, a solar cell connected to a tab wire, a second sealing resin layer, and a protective sheet, which are laminated. The second sealing resin layer is formed from a blend polymer of a thermoplastic polyurethane resin having an ester-type polyol unit and a thermoplastic polyurethane resin having an ether-type polyol unit. The blend ratio of the thermoplastic polyurethane resin having the ester-type polyol unit to the thermoplastic polyurethane resin having the ether-type polyol unit in the blend polymer is 20:80 to 50:50 by mass.04-26-2012
20120097247PASSIVELY COOLED, HIGH CONCENTRATION PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELL PACKAGE - The solar cell modular unit has a minimal number of components which are easily manufactured and have a relatively economical cost. It has a laminar substrate having an electrically conductive layer on its top surface with a printed electrical circuit. The middle layer is heat conductive and not electrically conductive. The bottom layer is thermally conductive. A solar cell is centrally mounted on the printed circuit board. A base assembly covers the solar cell and has a vertical tunnel extending from its top surface to the solar cell. A sun shield has an aperture in its top panel that aligns with the tunnel. The sun shield snap-locks onto the base assembly top. A secondary optical element telescopically mates with the aperture in the sun shield and the base assembly tunnel. A primary light ray refractive member is positioned at a predetermined spaced location above the SOE.04-26-2012
20110168261HIGH TRANSMITTANCE OPTICAL WINDOWS AND METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING THE SAME - Designs for ultra-high, broadband transmittance through windows over a wide range of incident angles are disclosed. The improvements in transmittance result from coating the windows with a new class of materials consisting of porous nanorods. A high transmittance optical window comprises a transparent substrate coated on one or both sides with a multiple layer coating. Each multiple layer coating includes optical films with a refractive index intermediate between the refractive index of the transparent substrate and air. The optical coatings are applied using an oblique-angle deposition material synthesis technique. The coating can be performed by depositing porous SiO07-14-2011
20120227809FLEXIBLE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME - An assembly including a pressure sensitive adhesive layer at least 0.25 mm in thickness disposed on a barrier assembly, wherein the barrier assembly comprises a polymeric film substrate and a barrier film. The assembly is flexible and transmissive to visible and infrared light. A pressure sensitive adhesive in the form of a film at least 0.25 mm thick is also provided, the pressure sensitive adhesive including a polyisobutylene having a weight average molecular weight less than 300,000 grams per mole; and a hydrogenated hydrocarbon tackifier. Methods of making and using the assembly and the pressure sensitive adhesive are also included.09-13-2012
20120024379High-efficiency three-dimensional solar cell and method for manufacturing the same - A high-efficiency three-dimensional solar cell is provided, which is suitable for any place needing electric energy, comprising civil houses, public places, factories, and transportation vehicles. The solar cell comprises a photoconductive medium, a photoelectric cell (02-02-2012
20120024378SOLAR CELL APPARATUS AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - Disclosed is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes a solar cell, and an anti-reflective layer having a plurality of pores on the solar cell. The refractive index of the anti-reflective layer is easily adjusted due to the pores, so that the solar cell apparatus represents the optimal anti-reflection efficiency.02-02-2012
20120024377PROTECTIVE SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - There is provided a protective sheet for solar cell module including a substrate film and a heat bondable layer laminated on one side of the substrate film, wherein the heat bondable layer is formed from a thermoplastic resin, exhibits a dimensional variation of not more than 0.3% before and after a heat treatment at 150° C. for 30 minutes and serves as an adhesive layer to be used for bonding with an encapsulant that constitutes the solar cell module.02-02-2012
20120024373SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR THE MANUFACTURE THEREOF - The invention pertains to a solar cell module comprising a solar cell and an encapsulant, wherein the solar cell module has a current connection area which is connected through an electroconductive connection with an external current carrier, wherein the electroconductive connection is provided with a housing which is bonded to the encapsulant via a laser-welded bond. It has been found that bonding the housing to the encapsulant layer through a laser welded bond makes for a bond which is strong and has good insulating properties.02-02-2012
20120024372SOLAR OPERATED WATER HEATER - A free-floating, integrated, solar operated water heater appliance, for heating a body of water includes a flotation device for buoyantly supporting the appliance in the body of water. A water heater element, fueled by solar energy, heats water pumped through the heater element by an integral pump, driven by solar energy. A solar energy reflector/container supports the heater element and concentrates solar energy onto the outer surface of the heater element. A parabolic reflector concentrates solar energy onto the inner surface of the heater element. Water is circulated through the heater element and returned, in elevated temperature, to the body of water.02-02-2012
20090145480Photovoltaic system power tracking method - A photovoltaic system including a photovoltaic cell, and an electronic module connected to the photovoltaic cell. The electronic module is adapted to produce at least one control signal indicative of electrical power being generated by the photovoltaic cells. A tracking controller is adapted to receive the control signal(s) and based on the control signal(s), the controller is adapted to control a tracking motor for adjusting the system so that electrical power generated by the photovoltaic cells is increased. The photovoltaic system may include an optical element, adapted for concentrating solar light onto the photovoltaic cells. The electronic module preferably performs direct current (DC) to direct current (DC) power conversion and maximum power point tracking by electrical power, current, or voltage at either their inputs or their outputs. Alternatively, the tracking controller is configured to also perform maximum power point tracking by increasing to a local maximum electrical power by varying at least one of (i) current or voltage output from the photovoltaic cell or (ii) current or voltage output from the electronic module.06-11-2009
20100122730POWER-LOSS-INHIBITING CURRENT-COLLECTOR - A power-loss-inhibiting current-collector. The power-loss-inhibiting current-collector includes a trace for collecting current from a solar cell. The power-loss-inhibiting current-collector further includes a current-limiting portion of the power-loss-inhibiting current-collector. The current-limiting portion of the power-loss-inhibiting current-collector is coupled to the trace. The current-limiting portion of the power-loss-inhibiting current-collector is configured to regulate current flow through the power-loss-inhibiting current-collector.05-20-2010
20110197968SOLAR COLLECTOR PANEL - A solar deflecting assembly for significantly improving the efficiency of solar collection panels. The assembly is easy to manufacture and can be operated in a passive mode. The assembly is especially effective for bi-facial solar panels or for thin film solar photoreceptors deployed around cylinders.08-18-2011
20090101208Stiffening members for reflectors used in concentrating solar power apparatus, and method of making same - In certain example embodiments, a solar collector system including a plurality of reflectors is provided. Each reflector has a stiffening rib associated therewith and is attached thereto on a side facing away from the sun. At least one area on each stiffening rib is suitable for accommodating a polymer-based adhesive for bonding the rib to a side of the associated reflector facing away from the sun. Each stiffening rib is formed so as to substantially match a contour of the associated reflector. At least two of each rib, the associated reflector, and the adhesive have respective coefficients of thermal expansion within about 50% of one another. Each stiffening rib is sized and positioned on the associated reflector so as to increase an EI value thereof at least about 10 times or to at least about 9,180 pascal meters04-23-2009
20090205711USE OF PHOTOVOLTAICS FOR WASTE HEAT RECOVERY - A device for recovering waste heat in the form of radiated light, e.g. red visible light and/or infrared light includes a housing having a viewing window, and a photovoltaic cell mounted in the housing in a relationship to the viewing window, wherein rays of radiated light pass through the viewing window and impinge on surface of the photovoltaic cell. The housing and/or the cell are cooled so that the device can be used with a furnace for an industrial process, e.g. mounting the device with a view of the interior of the heating chamber of a glass making furnace. In this manner, the rays of the radiated light generated during the melting of glass batch materials in the heating chamber pass through the viewing window and impinge on the surface of the photovoltaic cells to generate electric current which is passed onto an electric load.08-20-2009
20090242028CONCENTRATION PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - It is described a concentration photovoltaic module, comprising a support structure, a linear mirror with parabolic profile mounted on the support structure, and a linear receiver device mounted on the support structure near to the focus of the linear mirror. The linear mirror comprises a pair of half-mirrors separated at the axial plane of the linear mirror. The support structure comprises a pair of corresponding half-mirror supports, in which each of the half-mirrors is formed from a sheet of elastically flexible material, and in which each of the half-mirror supports has a mounting surface suitable for defining and maintaining the parabolic profile of the respective half-mirror. For each half-mirror support an attachment spring is foreseen, arranged along a longitudinal side of the half-mirror support, suitable for forcing the respective half-mirror against the mounting surface.10-01-2009
20130098447METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND SOLAR BATTERY MODULE MANUFACTURED BY THE MANUFACTURING METHOD - A method for manufacturing a solar battery module according to the present invention includes the steps of forming a solar battery cell (04-25-2013
20090090412PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ENCAPSULATING - A photovoltaic device comprising a photovoltaic layer between a substrate and a cover plate, which cover plate is transparent in an area above the photovoltaic layer, wherein the cover plate overlaps the photovoltaic layer, and wherein the cover, in an area adjacent to the photovoltaic layer, is opaque; a method of encapsulating a photovoltaic device with such a cover plate, and the use of such a cover plate for encapsulating a photovoltaic device, for protecting polymeric sealant material present adjacent the photovoltaic layer from light induced degradation and/or for protecting the encapsulated photovoltaic device from thermal stress during due to light irradiation.04-09-2009
20110168260REFLECTIVE POLYHEDRON OPTICAL COLLECTOR AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME - Various embodiments relate to reflectors comprising a tapered polyhedron including a plurality of substantially planar facets. The reflector may comprise an input end or aperture that is larger than an output end or aperture. The input aperture or end may have a different shape and/or orientation than an output end or aperture. Some embodiments relate to “developable” geometries made of substantially planar facets which, when folded, form a tapered hollow polyhedron that can efficiently receive light (e.g., from a primary reflector or lens) and direct light onto a photovoltaic cell.07-14-2011
20100275998LIGHT CONVERGING DEVICE HAVING COOLING ASSEMBLY AND RELATED SOLAR ENERGY CONVERTING SYSTEM - A exemplary light converging device includes a support, a supporting plate, a reflective Fresnel lens and a cooling assembly. The supporting plate is rotatably mounted on the support. The reflective Fresnel lens is fixedly mounted on the supporting plate. The cooling assembly is positioned between the reflective Fresnel lens and the supporting plate. The cooling assembly is thermally coupled to the reflective Fresnel lens and configured for cooling the reflective Fresnel lens.11-04-2010
20090293955PHOTOVOLTAICS WITH INTERFEROMETRIC MASKS - An interferometric mask covering the front electrodes of a photovoltaic device is disclosed. Such an interferometric mask may reduce reflections of incident light from the electrodes. In various embodiments, the mask reduces reflections so that a front electrode pattern appears similar in color to adjacent regions of visible photovoltaic active material.12-03-2009
20110168262ETHYLENE-VINYL ACETATE COPOLYMER COMPOSITION, ETHYLENE-VINYL ACETATE COPOLYMER FILM AND PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION THEREOF - [Problem to be Solved] The object of the present invention is to provide an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer film having excellent adhesion properties and improved film formation properties.07-14-2011
20100282316Solar Cell Concentrator Structure Including A Plurality of Glass Concentrator Elements With A Notch Design - A solar concentrator structure including a plurality of glass concentrator elements with a notch design. According to an embodiment, the present invention provides a solar cell concentrator structure. The structure includes an outside surface. The structure also includes an inside surface, the inside surface being substantially flat. The structure includes a first concentrator element integrally formed on the outside surface, the first concentrator element having a first curved surface, the curved surface being characterized by a radius of at least 1 mm, the curved surface having a first flat region of at least 0.25 mm, the flat region being at least 4 mm from the inside surface. The structure includes a second concentrator element integrally formed with the first concentrator element and the outside surface, the second concentrator element including a second curved surface and a second flat region.11-11-2010
20100212740SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVED PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE STRUCTURE AND ENCAPSULATION - A system and method for improved photovoltaic module structure and encapsulation is described. One embodiment includes a photovoltaic module comprising a front substrate, a photovoltaic structure attached to the front substrate, wherein the photovoltaic structure comprises at least one photovoltaic cell, and a membrane, wherein the membrane and the front substrate substantially encapsulate the photovoltaic structure.08-26-2010
20090314347Solar multistage concentrator, and greenhouse - Disclosed is a solar multistage concentrator in which at least one imaging lens system (12-24-2009
20110203662STEPPED FLOW-LINE CONCENTRATORS AND COLLIMATORS - One optical system comprises a first optical surface, a faceted second optical surface, and a faceted third optical surface. The optical system is operative to convert a first bundle of rays that is continuous in phase space outside the first optical surface into a second bundle of rays that is continuous in phase space outside the third optical surface. Between the second and third optical surfaces the rays making up the first and second bundles form discrete sub-bundles each passing from a facet of the second optical surface to a facet of the third optical surface. The sub-bundles do not form a continuous bundle in a phase space that has dimensions representing the position and angle at which rays cross a surface transverse to the bundle of rays.08-25-2011
20110203664Photovoltaic Cell Module And Method Of Forming - A photovoltaic cell module, a photovoltaic array including at least two modules, and a method of forming the module are provided. The module includes a first outermost layer and a photovoltaic cell disposed on the first outermost layer. The module also includes a second outermost layer disposed on the photovoltaic cell and sandwiching the photovoltaic cell between the second outermost layer and the first outermost layer. The method of forming the module includes the steps of disposing the photovoltaic cell on the first outermost layer, disposing a silicone composition on the photovoltaic cell, and compressing the first outermost layer, the photovoltaic cell, and the second layer to form the photovoltaic cell module.08-25-2011
20110203665ADHESIVE SHEET AND SOLAR CELL INCLUDING THE SAME - An adhesive sheet having an improved durability is provided by preventing yellowing. The adhesive sheet of the invention is characterized by including ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, an organic peroxide, and an epoxidized fatty acid ester compound, the content of the epoxidized fatty acid ester compound being in the range of 0.1 to 14 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer.08-25-2011
20100006151Compact Photovoltaic Generation Assembly And Power Supply - A compact photovoltaic generation assembly exhibiting improved photovoltaic efficiency and an extended operating life as compared to conventional photovoltaic systems is described. The assembly can also include a power supply for use at times when light energy is not readily available.01-14-2010
20100282315LOW CONCENTRATING PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL SOLAR COLLECTOR - A low concentrating solar collector comprising: at least one elongated cross-sectionally V-shape beam, a first and second sunray light reflecting surfaces integral to the respective interior faces of the V-shape beam side legs, at least one of a photovoltaic cell and of a thermal collector member carried by the beam web, the selected photovoltaic cell member and thermal collector member having exposed surfaces accessible to sunrays crossing the V-beam mouth and striking and deflected by the beam side walls light reflecting surfaces toward the beam web. The beam side walls are of such size and composition as to be able to constitute heat sink for optimizing thermal management of the solar collector.11-11-2010
20130213474Method and device for increasing solar cell output - To optimize photovoltaic energy in situ and without expensive heliostat systems, the power from full, diffracted, as well as low-angle sunlight can be significantly increased by utilizing flat or curved reflectors and/or lenses in any configuration around and/or above a solar cell, attached or independent, no matter the size or how situated, alone or multiply, with supports, heat sinks, or cooling vanes enclosed partly or entirely in a protective transparent envelope; enhanced photonic capture by this integrally reflective and modular CSP technology could with increased cell receptivity be further employed for nocturnal usage from stellar, lunar, and urban illumination as well as office, store, and household lighting both night and day.08-22-2013
20080251125PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION STRUCTURE AND TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM USING THE SAME - A photoelectric conversion structure includes a light energy plate, a thermoelectric cooling element and a control circuit. The light energy plate is suitable to receive light energy and convert the light energy to electrical energy. The thermoelectric cooling element has a hot side and a cold side. The hot side faces the light energy plate. The control circuit is electrically connected to the light energy plate and the thermoelectric cooling element. The control circuit is suitable to provide the electrical energy for the thermoelectric cooling element.10-16-2008
20080251124Solar Collectors Comprising a Cooling Machine - A method of generating energy from concentrated solar radiation by photovoltaic and thermally useable solar cells in which absorbed heat radiation heats the generator of an absorption cooling machine.10-16-2008
20100126585MODULE APPARATUS FOR SOLAR CELL - A solar cell unit is disclosed, wherein the solar cell module includes a solar cell unit converting light from the sun to a DC voltage and outputting the converted DC voltage; an inverting unit inverting the outputted DC voltage to an AC voltage; and an inverting outdoor unit protecting the inverting unit from outdoor space, wherein the inverting outdoor unit includes: a heat emitting unit emitting heat generated from the inverting outdoor unit or the inverting unit; and a thermal expansion protecting unit keeping temperature equilibrium between the inverting unit and the inverting outdoor unit.05-27-2010
20110011457SOLAR CELL SYSTEM WITH ENCAPSULANT - The present invention is directed to a solar cell system comprising a solar cell on the light-receiving side of which a transparent encapsulant foil is present which comprises a reinforcing layer and two barrier layers, wherein the first, barrier layer is positioned above the reinforcing layer and the second barrier is positioned below the reinforcing layer, determined from the light-receiving side of the solar cell system, wherein the reinforcing layer comprises a fibre-reinforced layer which comprises fibres with an average length of at least 2 cm. The encapsulant foil itself, a process for manufacture thereof, and a process for manufacturing the solar cell system are also claimed.01-20-2011
20130118581COMPOSITION, MULTILAYER SHEETS MADE THEREFROM, AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING THE SAME - In an embodiment, a photovoltaic module, comprises a transparent superstrate; a backsheet, wherein the backsheet comprises a core layer comprising a core composition formed from a first polycarbonate comprising dimethyl bisphenol cyclohexane carbonate repeat units and bishpenol-A, wherein the first polycarbonate has the structure05-16-2013
20130118582DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - Disclosed is a dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) including a substrate having a dye sensitized layer thereon, an opposite substrate having a catalyst layer thereon, a spacer disposed between the substrate and the opposite substrate to define a space, and an electrolyte in the space. The spacer is formed by reacting a photo curable glue including a main oligomer, a photo initiator, a photo curing accelerator agent, a softener, an adhesion enhancer, and a chemical resistance additive.05-16-2013
20130118583ELECTRONIC DEVICE MODULE COMPRISING POLYOLEFIN COPOLYMER - An electronic device module comprising: 05-16-2013
20080295888CONCENTRATION PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A concentration photovoltaic module includes a substrate, a first electrode, a second electrode, a solar cell, at least one electrical connecting element and a frame. The first electrode and the second electrode are disposed in different predetermined positions of the substrate to form a first electrode and a second electrode, respectively. The solar cell is disposed on the first electrode. The electrical connecting element electrically interconnects the second electrode and the solar cell. The frame straddles on the substrate, wherein the solar cell is located in the frame.12-04-2008
20080264486Guided-wave photovoltaic devices - A photovoltaic device comprises: a first cladding material; a photosensitive material having an index of refraction larger than the first cladding material index of refraction, the photosensitive material disposed adjacent the first cladding material; and a second cladding material having an index of refraction smaller than the photosensitive material index of refraction, the photosensitive material disposed between the first cladding material and the second cladding material so as to form a waveguide for confining propagating photons; and first and second electrodes in electrical contact with the photosensitive material.10-30-2008
20090032103Condensing Type Solar Cell Apparatus - A concentrating solar cell apparatus is disclosed, comprising a concentrating assembly, a solar cell assembly and a heat dissipation assembly. The concentrating assembly concentrates light rays in a large area on a focus by the well-known concentrating theory of concave mirror. The solar cell assembly is composed of plurality of quadrate solar cell pieces and is mounted on side surfaces of a support, said support being closely connected with the solar cell pieces and a parabolic base, so as to form a heat conducing path and compose the heat dissipation assembly, so that a great deal of heat received by the solar cell pieces is dispersed via the heat conducing path, and the purposes of concentrating light in a desired super-high rate and dissipating heat in time is therefore realized.02-05-2009
20100139768HEAT SPREADING SHIELD - The present invention is a heat conducting system for a solar energy device. The system includes a shield made of a heat conducting material that conforms to the convex side of a hollow curved mirror in a solar energy device. The present invention may reduce the temperature differential over an area of the mirror via passive heat conduction. The conductance of the shield of this invention is greater than the conductance of the mirror. The shield may be a layer of metal such as a metal tape. The tape may be applied as one or more strips that have ends which are separated by a seam or gap. The ends of the strips may be oriented in the same direction in an array of mirrors in a manner that provides for minimal exposure to concentrated solar irradiation at the gap or seam.06-10-2010
20090188560Concentrating photovoltaic apparatus - A concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) apparatus includes at least one lens unit, at least one solar cell chip unit, and a frame structure. The frame structure includes at least two opposite main walls, a plurality of upper and lower support bars extended between and connected to the two main walls, and two sidewalls. The main walls are each provided with at a predetermined position with at least one air opening and at two lateral ends with a first and a second connecting portion. Two ends of the upper and lower support bars are connected to the first and the second connecting portions, allowing the lens unit and the solar cell chip unit to be supported on and fixed to the upper and the lower support bars, respectively.07-30-2009
20090188563Solar Cell Structure Including A Plurality of Concentrator Elements With A Notch Design and Predetermined Radii and Method - A solar cell concentrator structure includes a first concentrator element having a first aperture region and a first exit region including a first back surface region and a first corner region. The structure also includes a second concentrator element integrally formed with the first concentrator element. The second concentrator element includes a second aperture region and a second exit region-including a second back surface region and a second corner region. Additionally, the structure includes a first radius of curvature of 0.25 mm and less characterizing the first corner structure and the second corner structure, a first coupling region between the first exit region and a first surface region of a first photovoltaic device. The structure further includes a second radius of curvature of 0.15 mm and less characterizing a region between the first concentrator element and the second concentrator element.07-30-2009
20090114282SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a solar cell unit and a light homogenizing unit. The light homogenizing unit has at least one optical element, which forms a light-input end, a hollow light tunnel and a light-output end. The light-output end is disposed adjacent to the solar cell unit.05-07-2009
20100139767CHIP PACKAGE STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A chip package structure including a heat dissipation substrate, a chip and a heterojunction heat conduction buffer layer is provided. The chip is disposed on the heat dissipation substrate. The heterojunction heat conduction buffer layer is disposed between the heat dissipation substrate and the chip. The heterojunction heat conduction buffer layer includes a plurality of pillars perpendicular to the heat dissipation substrate. The aspect ratio of each pillar is between about 3:1 and 50:1.06-10-2010
20080257409PHOTOVOLTAICS ON SILICON - Structures including crystalline material disposed in openings defined in a non-crystalline mask layer disposed over a substrate. A photovoltaic cell may be disposed above the crystalline material.10-23-2008
20080257408Solar light concentrator - A diffusion plate is used in a concentrator for solar light. By the diffusion plate, solar beams is evenly distributed on a solar cell. As a result, the whole solar cell can evenly receives the solar beams for energy transformation.10-23-2008
200901267953-D energy cell w/t reflector - I propose a 3-D (three dimensional) alternative energy panel I call the “Earth Energy Cell”. It will be able to use several means of earth energy. 05-21-2009
20100000604FRAMED DEVICE, SEAL, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - The disclosure is directed to a framed device. The framed device includes a substrate, a frame, and a seal. The substrate has a first length, a first width, and a peripheral edge. The frame has a second length, a second width, and a groove that runs along the second length and the second width of the frame. The groove is substantially engaged with the peripheral edge of the substrate. The seal is disposed within the groove of the frame, wherein the seal runs contiguously from the substrate to the frame and the seal includes a foamed polymer.01-07-2010
20100000603BACKSHEET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE, BACKSIDE LAMINATE FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE, AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A backsheet for photovoltaic module superior in hydrolysis resistance and thus in durability. To attain the object, the has backsheet for photovoltaic module has a hydrolysis-resistant film and a resin film laminated on the hydrolysis-resistant film. The hydrolysis-resistant film is made of a polyester resin having a carboxy end-group content of 15 equivalent/ton or less, and the resin film is made of a polypropylene resin.01-07-2010
20090025789ALIGNMENT OF OPTICAL ELEMENT AND SOLAR CELL - A system may include a solar cell comprising a first electrical contact, an optical element comprising a second electrical contact, and a solder bump in contact with the first electrical contact and the second electrical contact. The solar cell is to generate charge carriers in response to received photons.01-29-2009
20090199899Photovoltaic module and method for production thereof - A photovoltaic module has on a transparent substrate (08-13-2009
20090199900THIN FILM HOLOGRAPHIC SOLAR CONCENTRATOR/COLLECTOR - In various embodiments described herein, a device comprising one or more light guides that is optically coupled to one or more photocells is described. The device further comprises one or more light turning films or layers comprising volume or surface diffractive features or holograms. Light incident on the light guides is turned by volume or surface diffractive features or holograms that are reflective or transmissive and guided through the light guides by multiple total internal reflections. The guided light is directed towards the photocells. In certain embodiments, solar energy is also used to power or heat a thermal generator to heat water or produce electricity from steam. Various embodiments may comprise an air gap or an optical isolation layer disposed between the multiple light guides.08-13-2009
20090320923PHOTOVOLTAIC CONCENTRATING APPARATUS - The present invention discloses a photovoltaic concentrating apparatus comprising a supporter and at least one collecting unit positioned on the supporter. The supporter includes a plurality of beams having at least one groove positioned on a side surface of the beam. The collecting unit includes a Fresnel lens and a solar cell module. The Fresnel lens is positioned on the supporter via a loading frame with a wing capable of engaging with the groove of the beam, and the solar cell module is positioned on the supporter via a substrate. Particularly, the supporter includes an upper frame for supporting the Fresnel lens and a bottom frame for supporting the solar cell module.12-31-2009
20120067420MULTILAYER COMPOSITE FILMS AND ARTICLES PREPARED THEREFROM - The present invention is an optically transparent laminate film comprising: at least three layers of film, wherein at least two of the at least three layers comprise ionomeric films, and wherein the film can be suitable for use in a photovoltaic cell or in packaging.03-22-2012
20120067418SURFACE STRUCTURE AND FRESNEL LENS AND TOOL FOR PRODUCTION OF A SURFACE STRUCTURE - The invention relates to a surface structure and a Fresnel lens which has at least one such surface structure. Furthermore, the invention relates to a tool for production of a surface structure and a method for production of a surface structure or Fresnel lens. Furthermore, the invention relates to the use of a Fresnel lens.03-22-2012
20110220202PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A photoelectric conversion device includes first and second substrates on which first and second electrodes are respectively formed, arranged to face each other, an electrolyte injected into a gap between the first and second substrates through an electrolyte injection hole formed in the first substrate, and an injection hole sealing member for sealing the electrolyte injection hole. The injection hole sealing member includes a cover portion for covering an entrance end of the electrolyte injection hole and an insertion portion extending from the cover portion along the electrolyte injection hole.09-15-2011
20090188561High concentration terrestrial solar array with III-V compound semiconductor cell - An arrangement including a concentrator lens and a photovoltaic solar cell for terrestrial use for generating electrical power from solar radiation including a multifunction III-V compound semiconductor solar cell with material composition and bandgaps to maximize absorption in the AM1.5 spectral region, and a thickness of one micron or greater so as to be able to produce in excess of 15 watts of DC power with conversion efficiency in excess of 37%. The concentration level of the lens is selected to optimize the efficiency of the solar cell.07-30-2009
20110139243SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The solar cell may include a substrate, an emitter layer positioned at a first surface of the substrate, a first anti-reflection layer that is positioned on a surface of the emitter layer and may include a plurality of first contact lines exposing a portion of the emitter layer, a first electrode that is electrically connected to the emitter layer exposed through the plurality of first contact lines and may include a plating layer directly contacting the emitter layer, and a second electrode positioned on a second surface of the substrate.06-16-2011
20110139244Systems, Circuits, and Methods for a Tiled Solar Cell of an Adaptive Solar Power System - A tiled solar cell comprises a solar cell with various encapsulation and glass layers. The tiled solar cell further comprises a plurality of cell pins such that the cell pins carry a current from the solar cell. The tiled solar cell may be inserted into a cell tile of a back sheet such that the insertion of the tiled solar into the back sheet allows the cell pins to couple to a current carrying grid comprised within the back sheet. As such, current from the solar cell may be carried through the cell pins to the current carrying grid.06-16-2011
20110139242LIGHT CONDENSING LENS, MODULE, AND PHOTOELECTRIC TRANSDUCING APPARATUS - Light condensing lens, module, and photoelectric transducing apparatus are disclosed. The lens has a light receiving surface, a bottom surface, and two side surfaces. The side surfaces are obliquely connected with the light receiving surface and the bottom surface. By designing the radian of the light receiving surface, the light streams can be condensed to a predetermined region no matter where the light source is. Additionally, an auxiliary light module is provided for reflecting the light streams to the predetermined region, in order to increase the photoelectric transducing efficiency.06-16-2011
20110226332SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SOLAR ENERGY CAPTURE AND RELATED METHOD OF MANUFACTURING - A system and method of capturing solar energy, and related method of manufacturing, are disclosed. In at least one embodiment, the system includes a first lens array having a plurality of lenses, and a first waveguide component adjacent to the lens array, where the waveguide component receives light, and where the waveguide component includes an array of prism/mirrored facets arranged along at least one surface of the waveguide component. The system further includes at least one photovoltaic cell positioned so as to receive at least a portion of the light that is directed out of the waveguide. A least some of the light passing into the waveguide component is restricted from leaving the waveguide component upon being reflected by at least one of the prism/mirrored facets, hereby the at least some light restricted from leaving the waveguide component is directed by the waveguide toward the at least one photovoltaic cell.09-22-2011
20110186130REFLECTIVE SURFACE FOR SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTOR - Concentrating solar collector systems that utilize a concentrating reflector to direct incident solar radiation to a solar receiver are described. In one aspect, the reflective surface is arranged to direct light to the receiver in a non-imaging manner in which the solar rays reflected from the opposing edges of the reflective surface are generally directed towards a central portion of the solar receiver. Rays reflected from selected central portions of the reflective surface are directed closer to the edges of the receiver than the solar rays reflected from the edges of the reflective surface. The described reflectors are generally intended for use in solar collector systems that track movements of the sun along at least one axis.08-04-2011
20110186129PHOTOVOLTAIC APPARATUS FOR DIRECT CONVERSION OF SOLAR ENERGY TO ELECTRICAL ENERGY - A photovoltaic apparatus for directly converting solar energy into electrical energy. The apparatus can include a concentrator optics arrangement configured to reduce a transmission of the solar energy at wavelengths of less than or equal to about 350 nm by at least approximately 50%; at least one solar cell; and at least one heat sink.08-04-2011
20100263723Nearly Index-Matched Luminescent Glass-Phosphor Composites For Photonic Applications - A light emitting composite material (10-21-2010
20090250112Solar cell and method for manufacturing the same - Disclosed are a relatively high-efficiency solar cell and a method for fabricating the same using a micro-heater array. The solar cell may include first and second micro-heaters intersecting each other or being parallel to each other on a substrate, and a plurality of In10-08-2009
20090250111Solar cell dissipation package - A dissipation package of a solar cell is provided. The package swiftly dissipates the heat generated by the solar cell and a circuit layer coordinated. It is done by binding a ceramic layer under the circuit layer to a dissipation unit with a buffer layer and a mount layer in between.10-08-2009
20100175756Method For Bonding Of Concentrating Photovoltaic Receiver Module To Heat Sink Using Foil And Solder - A method for bonding a concentrating photovoltaic receiver module to a heat sink using a reactive multilayer foil as a local heat source, together with layers of solder, to provide a high thermal conductivity interface with long term reliability and ease of assembly.07-15-2010
20090255582METHODS OF DRYING GLASS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS - This invention relates generally to methods of dehydrating glass substrates for use in photovoltaic modules, suitably by reacting moisture on the glass with organosilicon compounds. The invention also relates to methods of preparing thin film photovoltaic modules, which include dehydration of the glass substrates used in the manufacture of the photovoltaic modules.10-15-2009
20090272436NON-GLASS PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURE - A non-glass photovoltaic module including a non-glass cover layer, a photovoltaic layer, a back protection sheet layer, and a support layer, wherein the layers are adhesively bonded together to form a lamination.11-05-2009
20120192947EDGE SEALANTS HAVING BALANCED PROPERTIES - A sealant composition for use in two-pane or multi-pane insulating glass or solar modules, the sealant composition including: a) an olefinic polymer having a number average molecular weight from about 100 D to about 700,000 D, preferably from about 100 D to about 300,000 D; b) a modified olefinic polymer; c) a fine-particle inert filler; d) at least one of a desiccant and a water scavenger, and e) an aging resistor. The sealant composition has a tensile strength greater than 20 PSI, preferably greater than 50 PSI, a lap shear strength greater than 20 PSI, preferable greater than 40 PSI, and the tensile and lap shear strengths balanced such that the sealant fails cohesively before failing adhesively.08-02-2012
20120192946USE OF CALCIUM OXIDE AS A WATER SCAVENGER IN SOLAR APPLICATIONS - A solar module includes an edge sealant. The sealant composition includes an unsaturated reactive polyolefin, an olefmic polymer, a silane modified polyolefin, inert fillers, calcium oxide, and aging resistors. These components are balanced to produce a sealant having desirable sealing characteristics, high weatherability, desired rheology, low conductivity, and good water absorption.08-02-2012
20090260687Solar cell - Provided is a solar cell and a method of fabricating a solar cell. The solar cell may include a photoelectric conversion structure, a mirror structure configured to concentrate light on the photoelectric conversion structure, and a substrate configured to support the photoelectric conversion structure and the mirror structure.10-22-2009
20100012186Bulb-Type Light Concentrated Solar Cell Module - Provided is a bulb-type light concentrated solar cell module that includes a reflective mirror unit that is concavely formed to convergingly reflect sunlight and has a first hole on a bottom thereof; a solar cell that generates electrical energy in response to light received from the reflective mirror unit; a socket that blocks the first hole at a lower part of the reflective mirror unit and is fixed on the reflective mirror unit; and a power control unit that is electrically connected to the solar cell to generate electricity in the socket.01-21-2010
20100147382PORTABLE SOLAR POWER GENERATOR WITH INTERNAL LIGHT GUIDE ELEMENT - An exemplary portable solar power generator includes a hollow light pervious housing, a light guide element, a condensing lens, a solar cell unit, and a connector assembly. The housing has a first refractive index, and sunlight enters the housing by passing through an outer surface thereof. The light guide element is positioned in and attached to the housing, which has a second refractive index larger than the first refractive index. The condensing lens is positioned in the housing, which is configured for converging the light incident thereon. The solar cell unit is positioned in the light pervious housing and located at a side of the condensing lens opposite to the light guide element. The solar cell unit is configured for receiving the light converged by the condensing lens and converting the received sunlight into electrical energy. The connector assembly is electrically coupled to the solar cell unit.06-17-2010
20100154887 PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM - A photovoltaic system that includes a base; a photovoltaic material having an active area mounted to the base; and a protective covering mounted in the base and covering the photovoltaic material, the protective covering having a surface area larger than that of the active area and including an enhancement is presented. In some embodiments, the enhancement can include a lens area. In some embodiments, the enhancement can include a display area. Some embodiments further include a reflective layer between the protective covering and the photovoltaic material.06-24-2010
20100163107LAMINATE AND SOLAR CELL USING THE LAMINATE - The present invention aims to provide a laminate which endures a heat treatment in the cell production process, also has durability for practical use, and becomes light in weight, as well as a solar cell using the same.07-01-2010
20100186819SOLAR CELL STRUCTURE INCLUDING A PLURALITY OF CONCENTRATOR ELEMENTS WITH A NOTCH DESIGN AND PREDETERMINED RADII AND METHOD - A solar cell concentrator structure includes a first concentrator element having a first aperture region and a first exit region including a first back surface region and a first corner region. The structure also includes a second concentrator element integrally formed with the first concentrator element. The second concentrator element includes a second aperture region and a second exit region-including a second back surface region and a second corner region. Additionally, the structure includes a first radius of curvature of 0.25 mm and less characterizing the first corner structure and the second corner structure, a first coupling region between the first exit region and a first surface region of a first photovoltaic device. The structure further includes a second radius of curvature of 0.15 mm and less characterizing a region between the first concentrator element and the second concentrator element.07-29-2010
20130213473COMPOSITE SUBSTRATE WITH HIGH THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY - The present invention relates to a composite substrate with high thermal conductivity and applicable to concentrating solar power generating plates. The thermal conducting substrate and the circuit substrate are manufactured, respectively, for separating the light concentrating area and the circuit area so that the material with high thermal conductivity can be used completely to the thermal conducting substrate for guiding heat. Then, the material having common thermal conductivity can be chosen as the material for the circuit substrate, which needs no extra thermal conduction. Thereby, regarding to the selection of substrate material, the present can balance well between thermal conducting efficiency and cost control.08-22-2013
20130213475DYE-SENSITIZED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND FABRICATION METHOD FOR THE SAME - There is provided a dye-sensitized photovoltaic device, which can achieve low-resistivity of an optical transparent electrode film composing first and second electrodes and can improve photovoltaic power generation characteristics, includes: a first substrate; a first electrode disposed on the first substrate; a catalyst layer formed on the first electrode and having a catalytic activity for a redox electrolyte; an electrolysis solution contacted with the catalyst layer and dissolving a redox electrolyte in a solvent; a porous semiconductor layer contacted with the electrolysis solution and including semiconductor fine particles and dye molecules; a second electrode disposed on the porous semiconductor layer; a second substrate disposed on the second electrode; and a sealant disposed between the first and second substrates, and sealing the electrolysis solution. The first and second electrodes are composed of an annealed layer of an ITO fine particles contained film coated on the first and second substrates.08-22-2013
20130213476SOLAR CELL SEALING MATERIAL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE PRODUCED BY USING SAME - Provided are a solar cell encapsulant material which facilitates production of solar cell modules and which is excellent in all of adhesiveness, long-term stability of adhesion power, transparency and heat resistance, and a solar cell module produced by using the encapsulant material. The solar cell encapsulant material has at least an adhesive layer (layer (I)) and a layer (layer (II)) of a resin composition (C) that contains an ethylene-α-olefin random copolymer (A) satisfying the following requirement (a) and an ethylene-α-olefin block copolymer (B) satisfying the following requirement (b): (a) The heat of crystal fusion of the copolymer, as measured at a heating rate of 10° C./min in differential scanning calorimetry, is from 0 to 70 J/g; (b) As measured at a heating rate of 10° C./min in differential scanning calorimetry, the crystal melting peak temperature of the copolymer is 100° C. or higher, and the heat of crystal fusion thereof is from 5 to 70 J/g.08-22-2013
20100258187Optical Element - An optical element for reflecting solar light has excellent weather resistance, and furthermore, a high reflectance in a wide band. When solar light enters an optical element (OE), light (L10-14-2010
20100186821THERMODYNAMICALLY SHIELDED SOLAR CELL - The invention relates to solar cells. More particularly, the invention relates to arrangements and methods to increase the efficiency of solar cells.07-29-2010
20100206379Rotational Trough Reflector Array With Solid Optical Element For Solar-Electricity Generation - A rotational trough reflector solar-electricity generation device includes a trough reflector that rotates around a substantially vertical axis and includes a solid optical element having a linear parabolic convex surface that serves as a base for automatically positioning a mirror to focus sunlight onto a focal line, and a flat aperture surface that serves to support a strip-type photovoltaic (PV) receiver on the focal line. A tracking system rotates the trough reflector such that the trough reflector is aligned generally parallel to the incident sunlight (e.g., in a generally east-west direction at sunrise, turning to generally north-south at noon, and turning generally west-east at sunset). A disc-shaped support structure is used to distribute the reflector's weight over a larger area and to minimize the tracking system motor size. Multiple trough reflectors are mounted on the disc-shaped support to maximize power generation.08-19-2010
20100186820Solar electricity generation with improved efficiency - Solar electricity generation methods and apparatus are disclosed. In one general aspect, a solar cell is positioned to receive concentrated solar radiation and convert part of it into electricity and part of it into heat. A first heat exchanger is thermally coupled to the solar cell and includes microchannels that have a cross-sectional dimension to the center of the channel that is about equal to or less than the thermal boundary layer thickness for a working fluid. The heat exchanger transfers heat from the photovoltaic solar cell to the working fluid in the microchannels, and a second heat exchanger can then receive the transferred heat via a conduit. This heat can be used to generate additional electricity.07-29-2010
20100186817Light Intensity Display Apparatus and Application Thereof - A light intensity display apparatus includes a light guide module, a photosensing module, a processing module, a display module and a box for containing various components. The light guide module is provided for receiving a light source and transmitting the light source to a photosensing module. The light signal is converted into an electric signal, and the processing module receives the electric signal, determines a light intensity according to the electric signal, and transmits the light intensity to the display module for displaying the light intensity.07-29-2010
20100258186Method for Supporting a Stretched Membrane Solar Trough Collector - An improved solar reflector with a frame structure suitable for spanning longer distances that utilizes light-weight side beams, ridgecaps and tensioned cables to form a truss-system.10-14-2010
20090314348TERRESTRIAL SOLAR POWER SYSTEM USING III-V SEMICONDUCTOR SOLAR CELLS - A system for generating electrical power from solar radiation utilizing a III-V compound multijunction semiconductor solar cell; a concentrator for focusing sunlight on the solar cell; and a heat spreader connected to the solar cell for cooling the cell. The solar cell is preferably an inverted metamorphic multijunction solar cell.12-24-2009
20100193029Solar Module with Encapsulated Edge - A solar module including a front support, back support and absorber layer are disclosed. The solar module is framed by an encapsulation frame.08-05-2010
20100224249PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND SOLAR CELL USING THE PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - A photoelectric conversion device having a laminated structure includes: an anodized substrate constituted by a metal substrate mainly containing aluminum and an anodized film formed on the metal substrate; a lower electrode mainly containing molybdenum; a semiconductor photoelectric conversion layer generating current when absorbing light; an upper electrode; a metal supply layer being formed in contact with or inside the lower electrode, containing an alkali and/or alkaline earth metal element, and supplying the alkali and/or alkaline earth metal element to the photoelectric conversion layer during formation of the photoelectric conversion layer; and a diffusion barrier layer being conductive and formed between the anodized substrate and the metal supply layer in contact with the lower electrode and/or the metal supply layer or inside the lower electrode, and suppressing diffusion, into the anodized substrate, of the alkali and/or alkaline earth metal element from the metal supply layer.09-09-2010
20100229945Sheet for sealing rear surface of solar cell - The present invention provides a sheet for sealing a rear surface of a solar cell in which degradation due to hydrolysis of the material constituting the solar cell is prevented, and the weather resistance is excellent such that electric output properties of the solar cell can be maintained not only under conditions of actual usage of the solar cell module but also conditions for evaluation under high temperatures and high moistures, and provides a sheet for sealing a rear surface of a solar cell comprising a laminate in which at least two substrates are laminated by an polyurethane-based adhesive, wherein the polyurethane-based adhesive comprises an adhesive having hydrolysis resistance which satisfies the following conditions: condition 1: the lamination strength of the adhesive is 1 N/15 mm or more after keeping the laminate in a chamber which acts as a highly accelerated stress test system under pressurized steam conditions of 105° C. and 1.05 atm for 168 hours; and condition 2: the adhesive does not bring on a delamination and a blister between the substrates after keeping the laminate in a chamber which acts as a highly accelerated stress test system under pressurized steam conditions of 105° C. and 1.05 atm for 168 hours.09-16-2010
20100193030SOLAR ENERGY CONCENTRATOR AND ASSEMBLY METHOD - The invention is designed to produce electric energy by means of sunlight which is received by at least one light receptor element. It is characterized in comprising at least one close module (08-05-2010
20100224248Solar Modules Including Spectral Concentrators and Related Manufacturing Methods - Described herein are solar modules and related manufacturing methods. In one embodiment, a solar module includes: (1) a photovoltaic cell; and (2) a resonant cavity waveguide optically coupled to the photovoltaic cell, the resonant cavity waveguide including: (a) a top reflector; (b) a bottom reflector; and (c) an emission layer disposed between the top reflector and the bottom reflector with respect to an anti-node position within the resonant cavity waveguide, the emission layer configured to absorb incident solar radiation and emit radiation that is guided towards the photovoltaic cell, the emitted radiation including an energy band having a spectral width no greater than 80 nm at Full Width at Half Maximum.09-09-2010
20100243053Photovoltaic devices including quantum dot down-conversion materials useful for solar cells and materials including quantum dots - A photovoltaic device includes a heat transfer material comprising a dispersion of down-conversion quantum dots in a host medium. In certain embodiments, the host medium comprises a liquid or fluid. In certain embodiments, a heat transfer material comprises a dispersion of down-conversion quantum dots in a host medium comprising one or more heat-transfer fluids. A heat transfer material including quantum dots is also disclosed. Such devices and heat transfer materials can be useful for light energy conversion, e.g., in solar cells. Solar cells are also disclosed.09-30-2010
20100154888Solar Module and Solar Device - A solar module for preferably thermal, photovoltaic or highly concentrating photovoltaic solar devices has at least one mirror and a support structure that supports the at least one mirror and secures a shape of the at least one mirror within the solar module. The at least one mirror and the support structure form a composite structure of at least two layers.06-24-2010
20100212741SOLAR CELL - A solar cell which receives an incident light includes a first solar cell element, a second solar cell element and a light-concentrating element. The area of the first solar cell element is smaller than that of the second solar cell element. The second solar cell element is disposed in neighbor to the first solar cell element or the light-concentrating element. At least one portion of energy of the incident light is concentrated to the first solar cell element through the light-concentrating element, and another portion of the energy of the incident light is absorbed by the second solar cell element.08-26-2010
20100236625Solar Modules Including Spectral Concentrators and Related Manufacturing Methods - Described herein are solar modules and related manufacturing methods. In one embodiment, a solar module includes: (1) a photovoltaic cell; and (2) a resonant cavity waveguide having a non-planar configuration and optically coupled to the photovoltaic cell, the resonant cavity waveguide including: (a) an outer reflector; (b) an inner reflector; and (c) an emission layer disposed between the outer reflector and the inner reflector with respect to an anti-node position within the resonant cavity waveguide, the emission layer configured to absorb incident solar radiation and emit radiation that is guided towards the photovoltaic cell, the emitted radiation including an energy band having a peak emission wavelength that is substantially matched to a bandgap energy of the photovoltaic cell.09-23-2010
20100275999Photovoltaic Conversion Assembly with Concentrating Optics - A photovoltaic conversion assembly comprises an optical slab with first and second major surfaces and an intermediate surface therebetween. Light energy to be collected impinges as incoming photons on the first major surface. At least one PV cell is mounted to receive light energy from the intermediate surface of the optical slab and convert such light energy to electrical energy. The PV cell has a highest band gap E. A down-converting structure is located on the second major surface of the slab for converting to lower energy light received through the slab, with at least about 75 percent of the converted light having an energy level above the band gap E. A two-way spectrally selective reflector, located proximate the first major surface, cooperates with the down-converting structure for preventing high angle light from undesirably exiting the optical slab via the first major surface.11-04-2010
20100276000SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICE AND METHOD - A device and method for producing electricity by harnessing sunlight to produce an amplified voltage signal, the device including: (a) a sealed chamber, defined by a transparent housing; (b) an excitable medium, disposed within the chamber, in which, when the medium is exposed to solar light having wavelengths in a range of 0.2 to 3 micrometers, bound electrons in the excitable medium are elevated to at least one higher energy state; (c) electrodes, disposed in a spaced apart fashion, whereby the medium is between, and fluidly communicates with, the electrodes; (d) an electric circuit, the medium and the electrodes completing the circuit; (e) an initiating mechanism, adapted to initiate an initial voltage signal through the chamber, between the electrodes, and (f) a power source, associated with the circuit, and adapted to maintain the first voltage signal through the chamber, between the electrodes, whereby the bound electrons in the higher energy state transfer energy to free electrons traversing the first voltage signal to produce the amplified voltage signal, and wherein the excitable medium is selected, and adapted within the chamber, to absorb at least 5% of an energy flux within a wavelength range of 0.2 to 3 micrometers, emitted by a black body operating at 5500K, by elevating the bound electrons to the higher energy state.11-04-2010
20100252107SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes: a reflector; a encapsulant that includes a first corrugated portion that corresponds to a corrugated shape of the reflector; and a solar cell that is encapsulated in the encapsulant, wherein the encapsulant is fixed to the reflector and the solar cell; and at least one of a surface of the encapsulant fixed to the reflector and a surface of the encapsulant fixed to the solar cell is provided with a second corrugated portion that has a smaller protrusion than a protrusion of the first corrugated portion.10-07-2010
20130125984SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module comprises: a cover glass, a glass substrate, an aluminum frame, and a filling material. The glass substrate of the solar cell module is formed in a size smaller than that of the cover glass, whereas the cover glass is arranged above the glass substrate while spacing from the same by a first distance; the space ranged between the perimeter of the cover glass and the perimeter of the glass substrate is filled by the filling material while allowing the cross section of the filling material to be an acute triangle. Moreover, the bottom of the filling material is engaged with a contact end of a lower tongue piece of the aluminum frame that is disposed away from a sidewall of the aluminum frame by a contact point while allowing the contact point to be spaced from the perimeter of the glass substrate by a second distance.05-23-2013
20120192945PHOTOVOLTAIC ELEMENT - A photovoltaic element (08-02-2012
20100243055FUNCTIONAL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - The present invention relates to a functional device capable of providing a functional device such as a dye-sensitized solar cell or the like, which is capable of maintaining high characteristics, and a method for manufacturing the functional device.09-30-2010
20100243054CONDENSING SYSTEM OF SOLAR LIGHT FOR NATURAL LIGHTING - The present invention relates to a solar light condensing system for realization of natural lighting, and more particularly, to a vertical solar light condensing system which is formed on an outer wall of a building using a reflective member and a light condensing member so as to secure large light condensing area and to increase light condensing efficiency.09-30-2010
20100252106ANTI-REFLECTIVE AND LIGHT-TRAPPING SOLAR MODULE PACKAGE STRUCTURE - A variety of solar module package structures is obtained by disposing an optical sheet on the top surface of the solar module and/or between the glass plate and the solar cell. Through the optical sheet with surface configurations, anti-reflection and light trapping capability of the solar module package structure is improved and the power output is increased.10-07-2010
20100126584SOLAR CELLS AND SOLAR CELL MODULES - A solar cell module includes a solar cell provided at a center area of a support to expose an edge area of the support. An optical waveguide layer is provided on the edge area of the support to concentrate light to the solar cell.05-27-2010
20100200063THIN FILM SOLAR CELL - The subject matter disclosed herein relates to solar cell packaging. In one particular example, a solar cell package comprises a solar cell including a thin film solar cell disposed on a flexible and substantially transparent substrate, a first encapsulation layer disposed on a first side of the solar cell, and a second encapsulation layer disposed on a second side of the solar cell.08-12-2010
20100200064DYE-SENSITIZING SOLAR CELL AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF - A dye-sensitizing solar cell (DSSC) is provided. The DSSC includes a working electrode, a counter electrode disposed opposite to the working electrode, a first gap control layer disposed between the working electrode and the counter electrode, a packaging material, and an electrolyte. The working electrode has a first patterned conductive line. The counter electrode has a second patterned conductive line. The first gap control layer is located on at least an outer portion of one of the first and the second patterned conductive lines to surround at least the first and the second patterned conductive lines or is symmetrically located on one of the first and the second patterned conductive lines. The packaging material is disposed on the first gap control layer such that the working electrode, the counter electrode, the first gap control layer, and the packaging material form a gap. The electrolyte is disposed in the gap.08-12-2010
20110056559ATTACHMENT SYSTEM OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS TO FLUOROPOLYMER STRUCTURAL MEMBRANE - The invention describes an extensible membrane system to which a photovoltaic device is secured.03-10-2011
20090014068Solar power generating device - A solar power generating device includes a solid cylindrical conductive body partially surround by a hollow cylindrical conducting layer with an insulating layer located between them, and a solar energy converter located at an end of the conductive body with two electrodes separately electrically connected to the conducting layer and the conductive body, so that the solar power generating device is configured as a plug-in module that could be very easily mounted to and dismounted from a circuit board.01-15-2009
20110108111PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - A photoelectric conversion device that may effectively prevent an electrolyte from leaking and have a high durability. The photoelectric conversion device includes a first substrate and a second substrate spaced from the first substrate with a space therebetween. The first substrate has an inlet from a side of the first substrate opposite a side facing the second substrate, and the inlet extends through the first substrate to the space between the first and second substrates. A filling material substantially fills at least a portion of the inlet. A cap is on the first substrate and covers the inlet. The filling material isolates the cap from the space such that the space is double sealed from the side of the first substrate opposite the side facing the second substrate.05-12-2011
20100294362Temperature-Control Body for Photovoltaic Modules - Temperature-control bodies for photovoltaic modules have heat transfer tubes embedded in a layer of compressed expanded graphite and connected to the surface of a photoelectric cell layer that faces away from the solar radiation. A layered composite semi-finished product has a layer of compressed expanded graphite with a density of between 0.02 g/cm3 and 0.5 g/cm3.11-25-2010
20100294363Coated Polyester Film For Lamination to Ethylene-Vinyl Acetate Layers - A bonding material is described that is well suited to bonding polymer films, such as polyester films, to other substrates. In one embodiment, for instance, the bonding material can be used to bond a polyester film to a layer containing an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer to form a backing material for a photovoltaic device. The bonding material generally comprises a block copolymer combined with a coupling agent. The block copolymer generally contains a polyester segment in combination with a different polymer segment. The different polymer segment may comprise, for instance, polyethylene glycol polymer blocks. The coupling agent, on the other hand, can comprise a functional silane. The polyester segments on the block copolymer attach to the polyester film, while the silane coupling agent reacts with the second polymer blocks and reacts with a constitutent in an adjacent layer.11-25-2010
20100294364Thermal Spray For Solar Concentrator Fabrication - A solar concentrator including a substantially-transparent optical element, a reflective material disposed on a convex surface of the optical element, an insulator layer on the reflective material, a conductive material that is thermal sprayed onto the insulator layer, and a solar cell mounted in a central region of the convex surface and electrically coupled to the conductive material. The optical element includes a flat surface disposed opposite to the convex surface and a concave surface defined in the flat surface. The convex surface and concave surface are arranged and the reflective material is deposited such that light passing through the flat surface is reflected by the reflective material toward the concave surface, and is re-reflected by the reflective material disposed on the concave surface onto an active surface of the solar cell. Thermal spraying the conductive material may include spraying a molten metal powder onto the insulator layer.11-25-2010
20100294365Method and Apparatus for Arranging a Solar Cell and Reflector - A system and method of arranging a solar cell and reflector to replace a typical solar cell oriented normal to the incoming sunlight inside a module (i.e. parallel to a module's transparent cover plate or opening). The present invention in a preferred embodiment uses a solar cell oriented at a 45 degree angle to the incoming sunlight, and a reflective surface oriented perpendicular to the cell and at a 45 degree angle to the incoming sunlight. The solar cell and the mirror are the same length/size and form a V shape where the angle between the sloped sides is 90 degrees. Any light falling normally on the arrangement will hit the solar cell either directly or after reflection. In another embodiment, two adjacent reflectors can be used making angles of around 60 degrees and around 30 degrees with respect to the cover or opening. An alternate embodiment can include a second reflector added to the base of the cell and reflector pairings also at an approximate 45 degree angle with the cover or opening. The second reflector can run along an entire row of cell and first reflector pairs such that the first reflectors form 90 degree angles with both the cells and with the second reflector.11-25-2010
20100300533PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH A POLYMERIC MAT AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - This invention relates to a photovoltaic device with a polymeric mat and a method of making a photovoltaic device with a polymeric mat. The photovoltaic device includes a transparent layer for receiving solar energy, and at least one photovoltaic cell disposed below the transparent layer. The photovoltaic device also includes a polymeric mat disposed below the at least one photovoltaic cell, and a backsheet disposed below the polymeric mat. The photovoltaic device also includes an encapsulant bonding the transparent layer, the at least one photovoltaic cell, the polymeric mat, and the backsheet.12-02-2010
20100300532HERMETICALLY SEALED NONPLANAR SOLAR CELLS - A nonplanar solar cell having a water vapor transmission rate of 1012-02-2010
20100300534SEALED MONOLITHIC ELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEM - A sealed monolithic electrochemical system is disclosed. In at least one embodiment, the sealed monolithic electrochemical system includes an electrically insulating substrate; an electrically conducting pattern arranged to support a plurality of blocks of porous structures arranged on the substrate, wherein each porous structure includes a working electrode, an insulating layer and a counter electrode, and wherein an electrolyte is at least partially filled in the blocks of porous structures for forming a plurality of electrochemical cells; and an encapsulation covering the plurality of blocks of porous structures. In at least one embodiment, each block includes at least one porous structure, where the blocks may be individually disconnected and a method individually disconnecting such a system.12-02-2010
20100313955Method of Making Solar Collector Assemblies with Optical Concentrator Encapsulant - Disclosed is a method of making solar collector assemblies for photovoltaic conversion. The method comprises providing a mold for receiving encapsulant, the mold having serially arranged, alternating peaks and valleys. A respective PV solar cell is placed into each of a series of the valleys such that the light-receiving surfaces of the PV solar cells face upwards. Uncured encapsulant is delivered into the mold and onto the light-receiving surfaces, and from the light-receiving surfaces to a level at least as high as the peaks so as to form, above the light-receiving surfaces, optical concentrators for concentrating light received by the optical concentrators and directing the light to the light-receiving surfaces. The encapsulant is then cured.12-16-2010
20090173384ENCAPSULANT FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE, PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE USING SAME AND PRODUCTION METHOD OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - An encapsulant for a photovoltaic module, which may inhibit the encapsulant from clouding when a hot spot phenomenon is caused. The encapsulant for a photovoltaic module includes: a resin for an encapsulant containing a silane-modified resin obtained by polymerizing an ethylenically unsaturated silane compound and polyethylene for a light stabilizer, a thermal stabilizer and polyethylene for use in a mater batch. The polyethylene for polymerization and the polyethylene for use in a master batch are metallocene based linear low density polyethylene having a density in the range of 0.895 g/cm07-09-2009
20110000542HYBRID PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A photovoltaic module (and a manufacturing method and system thereof) is provided. The photovoltaic module includes a base substrate, a nano-porous layer of an inorganic material deposited over the base substrate, and a photovoltaic layer of an organic material formed over the nano-porous layer. The nano-porous layer includes a plurality of nano-pores in which the organic material is deposited. The photovoltaic layer is capable of converting solar energy into electricity. The photovoltaic module also includes at least two electrodes capable of collecting electricity generated by the photovoltaic layer.01-06-2011
20120031488PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL MODULE ASSEMBLY - A photovoltaic module comprises an elongated base member having first and second extensions shaped to define an elongated support plane along ends thereof, the elongated support plane extending in a direction of elongation for the elongated base member. The photovoltaic module also includes at least one photovoltaic cell assembly positioned at the ends of the elongated base member, extending generally along the elongated support plane. The elongated base member and the at least one photovoltaic cell assembly define a volume of space therein.02-09-2012
20110126904BACKPLANE FOR SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL HAVING THE SAME - A solar cell and a backplane for a solar cell, where the backplane comprises a metal substrate having first and second opposing major surfaces, and an insulating layer on at least one major surface of the metal substrate. The insulating layer comprises a resin selected from the group consisting of phenolic resins, epoxy resins, amino resins, and combinations thereof.06-02-2011
20110017294PACKAGE FOR SOLAR CELL CHIP - A solar cell package comprises a ceramic substrate, a light-electricity transformation unit provided on the substrate for transforming solar energy into electricity, and a sealing component covering the light-electricity transformation unit and the ceramic substrate. A Fresnel lens is disposed corresponding to the top of the light-electricity transformation unit, converges and concentrates solar energy onto the light-electricity transformation unit.01-27-2011
20110017296SOLAR CELL HAVING LIGHT CONDENSING DEVICE AND LARGER EFFECTIVE AREA AND THE METHOD OF THE SAME - The present invention discloses a solar cell having light condensing device such as micro lens. The solar cell includes a substrate, a solar energy converting layer is formed over the substrate, and a plurality of light condensing device is formed over the solar energy converting layer. The material of the light condensing device includes organic material including photo-resist or inorganic material including silicon dioxide or silicon nitride.01-27-2011
20110108113SOLAR CELL, CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER GENERATION MODULE AND SOLAR CELL MANUFACTURING METHOD - A solar cell having high heat resistance, reliability and weather resistance that prevents extraneous matter (rain water, dust and the like) from entering, a concentrating solar power generation module and a solar cell manufacturing method are provided.05-12-2011
20110108112DEVICE FOR TRACKING LOCATION OF SUN - A solar tracking system, including: a horizontal support; a panel frame connected to the horizontal support such that the panel frame can be tilted forwards and backwards, with a solar battery installed on the panel frame; a support unit connected both to the horizontal support and to the panel frame such that the support unit in cooperation with the horizontal support and the panel frame forms a triangular arrangement, wherein the support unit is slidably connected to either the horizontal support or the panel frame such that the support unit can slide relative to either the horizontal support or to the panel frame, thus tilting the panel frame forwards and backwards according to variations in a slidable position thereof; and a drive unit for sliding the support unit relative to the horizontal support or the panel frame. The solar tracking system realizes a simple, stable support structure and allows the solar battery panel to track the position of the sun with a low amount of power.05-12-2011
20110030791SOLAR MODULE SEALANT - A sealant composition which may be applied between two substrates in a solar panel provides consistent rheology, high weatherability resistance, acts as a moisture barrier, and has low conductivity. The sealant composition preferably includes a rubber component, at least one rheology modifier, an adhesion promoter, a flow modifier, and a stabilizer.02-10-2011
20110030790Solar cell modules and methods of manufacturing the same - A solar cell module includes an upper substrate including a cylindrical lens is disposed on a lower substrate to cover a solar cell. The cylindrical lens focuses incident light onto the solar cell. In a method of manufacturing the solar cell module, a solar cell is formed on a lower substrate by sequentially depositing a first material layer, a second material layer, and a second electrode onto the first electrode. An upper substrate including a cylindrical lens is adhered to or formed on the lower substrate.02-10-2011
20110030792SOLAR TO ELECTRIC ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICE - The present invention features a solar-to-electric energy conversion device based on a light absorbing electrode coupled to a one-dimensional nanoparticle based photonic crystal. The function of the latter is to localize the incident light within the electrode thus enhancing the optical absorption and the power conversion efficiency of the so called dye-sensitized and organic (polymer based or hybrids) cell. The photonic crystal comprises alternating layers possessing different index of refraction and can be easily integrated into the cell.02-10-2011
20100132795PHOTOVOLTAIC APPARATUS HAVING AN ELONGATED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE USING AN INVOLUTE-BASED CONCENTRATOR - An apparatus for converting light energy into electric energy has a concentrator with at least a first and second wall. The walls are made at least in part of a material that reflects light. The concentrator has an opening defined by the walls, and is operable to admit light energy into an interior portion of the apparatus. An elongated photovoltaic module is disposed between the walls. The module has a substrate, and a photovoltaic covering disposed on the substrate. The module can generate electric energy from light energy that directly strikes the module and light energy redirected from the concentrator to the module. The walls are substantially the shape of an involute of the module. The walls are limited to the height of the topmost portion of the elongated photovoltaic module. The module is disposed upon or above a joining of the walls.06-03-2010
20120067419Metamaterial Integrated Solar Concentrator - An optical device including a metamaterial layer having a negative index of refraction for at least one wavelength in the visible range of 400-700 nm, a photovoltaic cell, and an optical waveguide arranged between the metamaterial layer and the photovoltaic cell. The optical waveguide has a first face and second face arranged opposite the first face, the first face having a larger area than the second face, the metamaterial layer positioned at the first face of the optical waveguide and the photovoltaic cell positioned at the second face of the optical waveguide. The optical device can be a solar collector. The optical waveguide can have a trapezoidal cross section, with the side faces of the waveguide having an angle of tilt sufficient to ensure total internal reflection for all incidence angles within the metamaterial's acceptance cone.03-22-2012
20110083742MULTICONVERTER SYSTEM COMPRISING SPECTRAL SEPARATING REFLECTOR ASSEMBLY AND METHODS THEREOF - A system is set forth herein which can include a plurality of reflectors adapted to reflect light. The system can further include a plurality of photovoltaic cells. A certain reflector of the plurality of reflectors adapted to reflect light can be adapted to reflect light within a certain wavelength band and can be further adapted to transmit light outside of the certain wavelength band. A photovoltaic cell can be disposed to receive light reflected by the certain reflector.04-14-2011
20110083741MULTICONVERTER SYSTEM COMPRISING SPECTRAL SEPARATING REFLECTOR ASSEMBLY AND METHODS THEREOF - A system is set forth herein which can include a plurality of reflectors adapted to reflect light. The system can further include a plurality of photovoltaic cells. A certain reflector of the plurality of reflectors adapted to reflect light can be adapted to reflect light within a certain wavelength band and can be further adapted to transmit light outside of the certain wavelength band. A photovoltaic cell can be disposed to receive light reflected by the certain reflector.04-14-2011
20110083740Concentrator for solar radiation and use thereof - The invention relates to a concentrator arrangement for solar radiation which has a beam splitter for deflecting solar radiation by means of total reflection. Furthermore, the invention relates to a device for concentrating and converting solar energy which has such a concentrator and at least one device for the conversion of solar energy. Such devices for the conversion of solar energy are for example solar cells, solar modules or thermal solar collectors. The concentrators according to the invention are used for concentrating solar radiation just as in sun protection panels.04-14-2011
20110083738PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH ADHESION PROMOTER - Photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters and methods for fabricating photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters are described. A photovoltaic module includes a solar cell including a first surface and a second surface, the second surface including a plurality of interspaced back-side contacts. A first glass layer is coupled to the first surface by a first encapsulating layer. A second glass layer is coupled to the second surface by a second encapsulating layer. At least a portion of the second encapsulating layer is bonded directly to the plurality of interspaced back-side contacts by an adhesion promoter.04-14-2011
20100032016SOLAR COLLECTORS HAVING SLIDABLY REMOVABLE REFLECTIVE PANELS FOR USE IN SOLAR THERMAL APPLICATIONS - Provided herein are solar collectors having reflective sheets which are slidably insertable and/or removable for quick installation, construction, removal, repair, and/or replacement. Also provided are solar collectors having reflective sheets under tension. Further provided are methods for constructing solar collectors. In another aspect, provided herein are guide rails for guiding and/or retaining slidably removable reflective sheets and holding the reflective sheets in a prescribed shape.02-11-2010
20110079284STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR CONNECTING JUNCTION BOX TO SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a structure and method for connecting junction box to solar cell module, at least one support pin is embedded in the laminated layers of the solar cell module. The support pin includes at least a plug section, a support section and a stop section. The support section is embedded in the laminated layers of the solar cell module and can therefore provide support strength to the junction box. The stop section is pressed against an end surface of the solar cell module to enable a limiting and lateral supporting effect. The plug section is exposed from a layer of fixing sealant applied on the end surface of the solar cell module for plugging in and accordingly holding to a socket section of the junction box, protecting the junction box against separating from the solar cell module before the fixing sealant is fully cured.04-07-2011
20110079282SELF-REMEDIATING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A method for manufacturing a photovoltaic module may include forming a photovoltaic device including a constituent material; forming a hydrophilic material adjacent to the constituent material, where the hydrophilic material includes a polyvinyl acetate or alcohol; and depositing a remediation agent adjacent to the hydrophilic material, such that the remediation agent is proximate to, but not contacting the constituent material.04-07-2011
20110209761GLAZING WITH LIGHT-CONCENTRATING ZONES BY ION EXCHANGE - This flat mineral glass comprises a first free surface and a second free surface, and comprises groups of zones having a high refractive index (n09-01-2011
20110209760METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS BY THE USE OF A POLYMERIC TRI-LAYER COMPRISING A COMPOSITE GETTER SYSTEM - The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing thin-film photovoltaic panels by the use of a sealing means composed by a polymeric tri-layer comprising a composite getter system composed of a polymer with a low H09-01-2011
20110209758SOCKET ASSEMBLY FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC PACKAGE - A socket assembly includes a photovoltaic package having a substrate with a photovoltaic cell and contact pads electrically connected to the photovoltaic cell. A dielectric housing removably receives the photovoltaic package. The dielectric housing holds contacts in mating engagement with the contact pads. A metal shell receives the housing and the photovoltaic package, and the metal shell has a window providing access to the photovoltaic cell.09-01-2011
20110088781SOLAR CELL MODULE - To provide a solar cell module capable of discharging rain water or the like even when the solar cell module is installed outdoor such as on the roof, and rain water or the like flows into the solar cell module.04-21-2011
20100037953Device for focusing reflected light from a parabolic trough reflector onto focal points in a longitudinal direction - A device for focusing reflected light from a trough reflector onto a focal point in a longitudinal direction is disclosed. The device includes a focusing device disposed on a focal line of the trough reflector, the focusing device forming a longitudinal focal point with high light intensity in overlapping relationship to a transverse focus point provided by the trough reflector.02-18-2010
20120199198STRUCTURED FILM AND ARTICLES MADE THEREFROM - Solar energy collection assemblies comprising a surface structured polyurethane layer. The structured polyurethane layer includes a cross-linkable reaction mixture and at least one UV stabilizer. The cross-linkable reaction mixture includes a polyol, a polyisocyanate and optionally a catalyst.08-09-2012
20100037954FLAT LIGHT CONCENTRATION DEVICE WITH REDUCED THICKNESS - A light concentration device includes: a plate including two principal faces and an edge between the two principal faces, a refractive index gradient existing between the two principal faces, and a diffraction grating functioning in reflection or semi-reflection that cooperates with one of the principal faces of the plate having the highest refractive index, the principal face having the lowest refractive index forming a front entry face for the light, at least one exit zone for the light being disposed on the edge.02-18-2010
20090032102Light collection device - A light collection device assembled with a light-processing unit comprises a fresnel lens unit, an anti-reflection layer and a light-processing unit. The fresnel lens unit has a light-incident surface and a light-emitting surface. The light-processing unit is positioned with the light-emitting surface for transmitting or converting a light emitted from the fresnel lens unit. The anti-reflection layer is mounted or formed on the light-incident surface of the fresnel lens unit.02-05-2009
20090032100Position adjustable awning equipped with solar cell plates thereon - An awning, equipped with pluralities of solar cell plates, is provided. The solar cell plates mounted awning can manually be positioned to follow the movement of the sun. The awning is comprised of a square metal frame that has multiple square sectional divisions. Solar cell plates are put on each division. Two wheels that rotate-ably attached on each corner of the upper end of the awning, two rails that are fixed to a part of wall above a window and two telescopic supporting arms connected both sides of the awing and the wall enables the awning to change the position according to movement of the sun. The owner of the house, who installed the awning, can enjoy the sunset outside the window while the awning absorbs the last of the sunlight to provide electricity for the appliances inside the room.02-05-2009
20110073183REFLECT-ARRAY LENS FOR SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE HAVING REFLECT-ARRAY LENS - Disclosed are a reflect-array lens (or a planar lens) and a solar cell module having the same. The reflect-array lens for a solar cell includes: a planar dielectric substrate having a first permittivity, wherein a plurality of recesses are formed on one surface of the planar dielectric substrate and filled with a dielectric having a second permittivity different from the first permittivity. The reflect-array lens can be easily fabricated and has an excellent concentration degree, and the solar cell module having the reflect-array lens has improved photoelectric conversion efficiency.03-31-2011
20100065120Encapsulant with Modified Refractive Index - The present invention provides an encapsulant material with a modified index of refraction for increasing the acceptance angle of a concentrated photovoltaic system. The encapsulant material may include filler material of a higher index of refraction than the encapsulant. The filler material may be particulates that are smaller than the wavelength of light converted to electricity by a solar cell.03-18-2010
20110073182GLASS PLATE FOR A SOLAR UNIT, AND GLASS COMPOSITION - A solar unit glass plate having a composition comprising the following constituents, the amounts of which are expressed as percentages by weight: SiO03-31-2011
20110100456Solar Heating Apparatus - This invention solves the problem of the high cost of man-made energy. Page 1 of 9. FIG. 05-05-2011
20110100458Multi-layer thin film for encapsulation and method thereof - A multi-layer thin film for encapsulation and the method thereof are provided. The multi-layer thin film for encapsulation includes a protective layer composed of aluminum oxide, a single or double barrier layer composed of silicon nitride (SiN05-05-2011
20110100457BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELL AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - The present invention discloses a back contact solar cell comprising: a first conductive type semiconductor substrate having a front surface and a rear surface of a texturing structure; an oxide layer formed on the front surface of the substrate; at least one first conductive type semiconductor region and second conductive type semiconductor region alternatively formed at predetermined intervals on the rear surface of the substrate; an oxide layer formed on the remaining rear surface of the substrate except for the first conductive type semiconductor region and the second conductive type semiconductor region; and electrodes formed on each of the first conductive type semiconductor region and the second conductive type semiconductor region.05-05-2011
20110067758PHOTOVOLTAIC CONCENTRATOR ASSEMBLY WITH OPTICALLY ACTIVE COVER - A photovoltaic concentrator assembly that includes a housing that defines an internal volume and includes a rim, wherein the rim defines an opening into the internal volume, a photovoltaic cell positioned in the internal volume, and an optical element that includes an optically active body and a flange extending outward from the body, wherein the flange is sealingly engaged with the rim of the housing to enclose the internal volume.03-24-2011
20120060920Fresnel Lens Array With Novel Lens Element Profile - A Fresnel lens array is provided in which the vertical part of a lens element is replaced by a tilted surface designed to focus impinging light into the focal point of an adjacent lens in the array. Since the new surface forms an angle with the lens plane that is shallower than the vertical step, such a lens element configuration may ease the molding of the lens array in glass type materials. The configuration is not limited to cylindrical arrays, since another array with lens elements perpendicular to the first lens array may be molded on the other side of the lens sheet, resulting in an array of point focusing lenses. Furthermore, by placing mirrors at the edges of the lens array (or at the edge of a single lens thereof) with surfaces perpendicular to the lens plane, the edge light rays may be redirected back to the said focal point(s). In particular, single circular lenses, with lens element cross-sections similar to the one described above and with a vertical mirror at the edge, will also concentrate collimated light to the focal point.03-15-2012
20110048535Encapsulated Concentrated Photovoltaic System Subassembly for III-V Semiconductor Solar Cells - A solar cell receiver subassembly for use in a concentrating solar system which concentrates the solar energy onto a solar cell by a factor of 1000 or more for converting solar energy to electricity, including an optical element defining an optical channel, a solar cell receiver having a support; a solar cell mounted on the support adjacent to the optical element and in the optical path of the optical channel, the solar cell comprising one or more III-V compound semiconductor layers and capable of generating in excess of 20 watts of peak DC power; a diode mounted on the support and coupled in parallel with the solar cell; and first and second electrical contacts mounted on the support and coupled in parallel with the solar cell and the diode; and an encapsulant covering the support, the solar cell, the diode, and at least a portion of the exterior sides of the optical element.03-03-2011
20120266955PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME - A photoelectric conversion device and a method of fabricating the same are disclosed. The photoelectric conversion device may include a first substrate having a first electrode and a first non-slip portion, a second substrate facing the first substrate and having a second electrode and a second non-slip portion and a sealing member. The photoelectric conversion device may further include an electrolyte solution positioned in a spaced formed between the first substrate, the second substrate, and the sealing member. The first substrate or the second substrate may be positioned to contact at least one of a first non-slip portion and a second non-slip portion.10-25-2012
20110000544DROP-IN CONNECTION APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - A system and apparatus are disclosed including PV modules having a frame allowing quick and easy assembling of the PV modules into a PV array in a sturdy and durable manner. In examples of the present technology, the PV modules may have a grooved frame where the groove is provided at an angle with respect to a planar surface of the modules. Various couplings may engage within the groove to assemble the PV modules into the PV array with a pivot-fit connection. Further examples of the present technology operate with PV modules having frames without grooves, or with PV modules where the frame is omitted altogether.01-06-2011
20130160850BLAZED GRATING FOR SOLAR ENERGY CONCENTRATION - A solar concentrator having a photovoltaic cell in optical contact with a cover. A blazed grating is provided adjacent to and co-planar with the photovoltaic cell for preferentially diffracting light that does not directly intercept the photovoltaic cell toward the photovoltaic cell via total internal reflection in the cover.06-27-2013
20110247691OPTICAL SPECTRAL CONCENTRATOR, SENSORS AND OPTICAL ENERGY POWER SYSTEMS - Methods and devices of the invention perform an optical concentration by an expansion of usable spectral width of the incident energy. Preferred methods and devices of the invention concentrate optical energy by tuning it into a narrow spectral width to match the bandgap of another system component, such as an optical fiber, an optical sensor or a photovoltaic device that converts the optical energy. Embodiments of the invention include methods and devices for the spectral concentration of multi-wavelength light and subsequent transport of the concentrated output light.10-13-2011
20100101646NON-AUTOCLAVE LAMINATION PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULES - Disclosed is an improved non-autoclave lamination process for manufacturing solar cell modules, which comprises an additional heating step following and in addition to a heat/vacuum process.04-29-2010
20110253215FLUOROPOLYMER CONTAINING LAMINATES - The multilayer film serves as a laminate. The film is a multilayered structure that, in its base form, encompasses an intermediate layer with first and second outer layer affixed to opposing sides of the intermediate layer. The first outer layer is a semi-crystalline fluoropolymer. The intermediate layer includes a polyester and the second outer layer is an olefinic polymer. The layers are bonded together in the noted order to provide the multilayer film.10-20-2011
20110146792COMPOSITE LAMINATES AND USES THEREOF - The present invention generally relates to composite laminates and uses thereof in articles in need of protection from mechanical damage and water or oxygen based degradation.06-23-2011
20090000662Photovoltaic receiver for solar concentrator applications - The present invention provides solar concentrators incorporating photovoltaic receiver assemblies with improved thermal dissipation, dielectric, encapsulation, and cell/wiring protection characteristics. The concentrators are particularly useful for photovoltaic power systems such as rooftop mounted systems. The present invention teaches that the geometry of the substrate used to support receiver assemblies can have a dramatic impact upon thermal/dielectric performance. In particular, the present invention teaches how contours incorporated into such substrates can improve thermal performance (i.e., dissipation of thermal energy from photovoltaic cells through the substrate) while still maintaining dielectric and encapsulation objectives. In the past, dielectric and encapsulation objectives have been obtained at the expense of such thermal dissipation. Also, material choice and form also impacts thermal, dielectric, and encapsulation performance. In preferred embodiments, components of receiver assemblies are provided in sheet form and laminated together in the course of making the receiver assemblies.01-01-2009
20110174375Solar module containing an encapsulated solar cell and method of providing an electrical connection through the encapsulation to deliver electrical energy - The solar module for converting radiation energy, in particular sunlight, into electrical energy, includes a solar cell (07-21-2011
20120199200USE OF CARBON BLACK FOR OXIDATIVE AND HEAT STABILITY IN SOLAR MODULE APPLICATIONS - An edge seal for manufacturing two-pane or multi-pane insulating glass or solar modules includes a sealant and a bonding agent. The sealant contains a polymer modified with special reactive groups and has the following overall composition: olefinic polymers included in an amount from about 10% to about 90% by weight of the total composition; at least one filler included in an amount from about 10% to about 65% by weight of the total composition; at least one inorganic filler that is a thermal and oxidative stabilizer in an amount from about 2% to about 30%; at least one of a desiccant and a water scavenger included in an amount from about 2.5% to about 25% by weight of the total composition; and at least one aging resistor including an anti-oxidant or UV stabilizer included in an amount from about 0% to about 3% by weight of the total composition.08-09-2012
20120199196FLEXIBLE HERMETIC SEMICONDUCTOR SOLAR CELL PACKAGE WITH NON-HERMETIC OPTION - A device containing a solar cell chip that may include a hermetically sealed chamber containing optical matching fluid and a threaded pedestal mounting to allow for replacement of solar cell units and that are easily mountable to a master heat sink.08-09-2012
20120199194INTEGRATED SEMICONDUCTOR SOLAR CELL PACKAGE - A device containing a solar cell is provided in the form of a stacked package that has a planar arrangement of conductive laminates at or below the surface of a heat sink. The planar alignment allows placement of electrical connections below the surface of the heat sink and reduces the vertical profile of the device, making it easier to be hermetically sealed. In specific embodiments the solar cell substrate is embedded within the heat sink during the manufacturing phase, eliminating the need for a thermally conductive substrate between the solar cell and the heat sink.08-09-2012
20090126794Photovoltaic Concentrator Module With Multifunction Frame - The invention relates to a photovoltaic concentrator module with multifunction frame and also to a method for production thereof. The concentrator module has a lens—(05-21-2009
20090126792THIN FILM SOLAR CONCENTRATOR/COLLECTOR - In various embodiments described herein, a device comprising a light guiding layer optically coupled to a photocell is described. A plurality of surface features are formed on one the surface of the light guiding layer. The surface features can comprise facets that are angled with respect to each other. Light incident on the surface of the light guide is redirected by the surface features and guided through the light guide by multiple total internal reflections. The guided light is directed towards a photocell.05-21-2009
20090065054Solar thermal power station - The aim of this invention consists in modules of parabolic mirrors (03-12-2009
20080283121BANDGAP-SHIFTED SEMICONDUCTOR SURFACE AND METHOD FOR MAKING SAME, AND APPARATUS FOR USING SAME - Apparatus for generating electricity and for carrying out photo-induced reactions comprises: a primary reflector (11-20-2008
20110041916LENS WITH A DETERMINED PITCH - A non-imaging lens includes a transparent member, a conical protrusion, and a plurality of annular protrusions. The transparent member includes a first surface and a second surface. The first surface and the second surface are planar. The conical protrusion is defined on the first surface of the transparent member. The annular protrusions are concentrically defined on the first surface around the conical protrusion. Each of cross-sections of the annular protrusions approximately forms a right triangle. Each of the triangles includes a first angle, a second angle, a bottom surface, a first surface and a second surface. The first angle exceeds the second angle. The first angle is less than or equal to 90°. The second angles increase in turn outwards from the conical protrusion. The width of the bottom surface is equal to the radius of the conical protrusion.02-24-2011
20080223443Optical concentrator, especially for solar photovoltaics - In one embodiment of a solar concentrator, a tailored aspheric lens augments the solar-concentrator performance of a concave mirror, widening its acceptance angle for easier solar tracking, making it more cost-competitive for ultra-large arrays. The molded-glass secondary lens also includes a short rod for reducing the peak concentration on a photovoltaic cell that is optically bonded to the end of the rod. The Simultaneous Multiple Surface method produces lens shapes suitable for a variety of medium and high concentrations by mirrored dishes. Besides the rotationally symmetric parabolic mirror itself, other aspheric deviations therefrom are described, including a free-form rectangular mirror that has its focal region at its edge.09-18-2008
20110162712NON-TRACKED LOW CONCENTRATION SOLAR APPARATUS - A low concentration solar apparatus for collecting solar radiation and concentrating it to a receiving device such as a photovoltaic cell or thermovoltaic cell, comprising a non-tracked waveguide concentrator with integral light turning element. It is thus possible to provide a solar apparatus for generating power in a very cost effective manner compared to conventional solar apparatus such as photovoltaic modules.07-07-2011
20120199201ORGANIC THIN FILM SOLAR CELL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - An organic thin film solar cell including: a pair of electrodes of a first electrode (08-09-2012
20120199199EDGE SEALANT COMPOSITION WITH REACTIVE OR UNSATURATED POLYOLEFINS - A solar module includes a photovoltaic device that has an edge seal. The sealant composition of the edge seal includes an unsaturated or reactive polyolefin, an olefinic polymer, a silane modified polyolefin, inert fillers, a water scavenger or desiccant, an antioxidant, and a UV stabilizer. These components are balanced to produce a sealant having desirable sealing characteristics, high weatherability, desired rheology, low conductivity, and good thermal stability.08-09-2012
20120199197SOLAR CELL - A solar cell having a flat cell substrate, which is transparent in the spectral region of visible light and in at least a partial range of the infrared spectral region, and having a cell structure situated on a surface of same, wherein, on the surface of the cell substrate carrying the cell structure, a bifunctional or multifunctional layer is applied which is transparent in the range of visible light, and has an infrared-reflecting and a contacting function.08-09-2012
20120199195INTEGRATED SEMICONDUCTOR SOLAR CELL PACKAGE - A stacked package for a solar cell is provided with a planar arrangement of conductive laminates on the surface of the heat sink. The layered conductive laminate offers multi-directional orientation of the solar cell within the package by eliminating any orientation requirements between the chip and the substrate, and offers multiple options for placement of standard or flipped bypass diodes. The packaged solar cell of the invention provides a smaller horizontal and vertical profile than standard solar cell packages, making it easier to hermetically seal the package.08-09-2012
20110253214ELECTRICITY GENERATING APPARATUS USING SOLAR POWER - An electricity generating apparatus using solar power includes a supporting device for supporting movably a solar power collecting unit that includes a solar power collecting plate carried on a carrier for converting solar power into electrical energy, and a condensing unit mounted on the carrier and disposed above the solar power collecting plate. The supporting device includes a disk member mounted rotatably on a top side of a hollow base body and driven by a drive unit in the base body to rotate relative to the base body in a central axis of the disk member, and a telescopic rod member and two upright supporting rods interconnecting said carrier and the disk member. A control module controls the drive unit and the telescopic rod member based on a solar radiating direction such that the power solar collecting plate is moved to face sunlight.10-20-2011
20110005595SOLAR CELL MODULE AND THE FABRICATION METHOD OF THE SAME - The application illustrates a solar cell module, included a base device, a solar cell on the base device, and a concentrator on the solar cell. The concentrator directly contacts with the solar cell and concentrates the light to the solar cell for opto-electric transformation.01-13-2011
20110162714CONCENTRATOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CONCENTRATOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A concentrator photovoltaic module (07-07-2011
20110162713LIGHT-GUIDE SOLAR PANEL AND METHOD OF FABRICATION THEREOF - The present invention is that of a solar energy system that uses a light-guide solar panel (LGSP) to trap light inside a dielectric or other transparent panel and propagates the light to one of the panel edges for harvesting by a solar energy collector such as a photovoltaic cell. This allows for very thin modules whose thickness is comparable to the height of the solar energy collector. This eliminates eliminating the depth requirements inherent in traditional concentrated photovoltaic solar energy systems.07-07-2011
20100319774SOLAR CONCENTRATOR WITH SIMPLIFIED TRACKING - An apparatus for diverting light energy comprising a target, wherein the target is configured for collecting the light energy from a light source and a light bending element disposed in a light path of at least one ray of the light energy between the light source and the target, wherein the light bending element is configured for collection of the light energy as an angle of incidence of at least one ray of the light energy changes over time relative to the light bending element, the light bending element is configured to direct the light energy to the target, wherein the light bending element and the target move relative to each other, movement of the light bending element and the target relative to each other being a function of at least the angle of incidence of at least one ray of the light energy.12-23-2010
20100319773Optics for Concentrated Photovoltaic Cell - A concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) module includes a CPV cell mounted on a support surface. A primary optical element (POE) is a square Fresnel lens fixed in position over the CPV cell. A secondary optical element (SOE) is optically coupled to the cell for providing uniform light over the surface of the cell. The SOE has a square, sloping top portion and a truncated pyramid shaped bottom portion that tapers toward the cell. The top portion is formed of angled flat square rings that refract light entering the top portion from the POE. The bottom portion mixes the light using TIR. The SOE has an angled middle portion, and an integral support structure having one end attached to the middle portion surrounds the bottom portion and is attached to the cell support surface so there is little mechanical stress on the cell.12-23-2010
20110108110VARIABLE LIGHT CONDENSING LENS APPARATUS AND SOLAR CELL APPARATUS - It is desirable to provide a variable light condensing lens apparatus and a solar cell apparatus provided therewith in a simple configuration, yet capable of reducing dependency of light condensing efficiency on the angle of incidence of light and thereby improving power generation efficiency of the solar cell apparatus. The variable light condensing lens apparatus according to the present disclosure is provided with a translucent support having a hydrophilic photocatalyst on a surface thereof and a first translucent liquid supported on the surface of the translucent support in contact therewith and the solar cell apparatus according to the present disclosure is provided with a solar cell element, a pair of electrodes connected to the solar cell element and the variable light condensing apparatus according to the present disclosure disposed opposed to the solar cell element.05-12-2011
20110132458SOLAR LIGHT-CONTROL MODULE - A solar light-control module includes a light-propagation chamber, a plurality of micro structures, a refractive media, and at least one solar cell. The light-propagation chamber has a first face, a second face and at least one side surface. Ambient light is incident to the first face to enter the solar light-control module. The micro structures are disposed on the second face to deflect the ambient light and guide the ambient light to a predetermined area of the light-propagation chamber. The refractive media is disposed between the second face of the light-propagation chamber and the micro structures, and the solar cell is disposed on the predetermined area.06-09-2011
20110132457CONCENTRATING SOLAR COLLECTOR WITH SHIELDING MIRRORS - One aspect of the invention relates to an arrangement for use in a concentrating solar collector that involves a solar receiver that is covered by a shielding mirror. The shielding mirror is attached with and positioned over the solar receiver to help deflect incident light away from the underlying solar receiver. In various embodiments, the shielding mirror is arranged to direct the light to a photovoltaic cell on another solar receiver. Another aspect of the invention pertains to a concentrating solar collector that utilizes the above arrangement.06-09-2011
20100300531SEALING FILM FOR SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL PREPARED BY USING THE SAME - The present invention provides a sealing film for a solar cell having the improved heat resistance and light resistance and a solar cell made by using the same.12-02-2010
20100180946INCREASING THE ANGULAR RANGE OF LIGHT COLLECTION IN SOLAR COLLECTORS/CONCENTRATORS - In various embodiments described herein, a device comprises an angle turning layer disposed over a light guiding layer that is optically coupled to a photocell. A plurality of surface features is formed on one of the surfaces of the light guiding layer. The surface features can comprise facets that are angled with respect to each other. The angle turning layer can comprise diffractive features that are volume features or surface-relief features. Light incident on the angle turning layer at a first angle is turned towards the light guiding layer at a second angle and subsequently redirected at a third angle by the surface features of the light guiding layer and guided through the light guide by multiple total internal reflections. The guided light is directed towards a photocell.07-22-2010
20100180947SOLAR CELL MODULES WITH POLY(VINYL BUTYRAL) ENCAPSULANT COMPRISING UNSATURATED HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUND - Provided is a solar cell module that comprises a solar cell assembly. The solar cell assembly is encapsulated by a poly(vinyl butyral) encapsulant and contains a silver component that is at least partially in contact with the poly(vinyl butyral) encapsulant. The poly(vinyl butyral) encapsulant comprises poly(vinyl butyral), about 15 to about 45 wt % of one or more plasticizers, and about 0.1 to about 2 wt % of one or more unsaturated heterocyclic compounds, based on the total weight of the poly(vinyl butyral) encapsulant. Further provided are an assembly for preparing the solar cell module; a process for preventing or reducing the discoloration of a poly(vinyl butyral) encapsulant in contact with a silver component in the solar cell module; and the use of the solar cell module to convert solar energy to electricity.07-22-2010
20110017293Thin film photovoltaic module having a lamination layer for enhanced reflection and photovoltaic output - An improved thin film PV module and simplified fabrication process are provided that achieve higher PV module efficiency, while eliminating expensive process steps, and reducing the capital cost of thin film processing equipment. A lamination material, characterized by high reflectivity as well as thermal conductivity and emissivity, is provided directly adjacent the active region of a thin film stack, eliminating the need for complex sputtering or deposition process steps ordinarily required for providing a reflective layer. The lamination material reflects unabsorbed light back into the thin film stack, thereby increasing photocurrent generation, and obviating the need for a reflective metallization layer. The lamination layer and back sheet for sealing the light-absorbing stack against the ingress of moisture also can be applied in a single process step.01-27-2011
20110146793FRAMED DEVICE, SEAL, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - A framed device includes a substrate, a frame, and a seal. The substrate has a first length, a first width, and a peripheral edge. The frame has a single, contiguous lengthwise piece having a first end and a second end, wherein the lengthwise piece is configured to form three corners by bending and is substantially equal to the length of the substrate. The frame further includes an attachment means connecting the first end and second end of the frame when in the bent position and a groove that runs along a length and a width of the frame, wherein the groove is substantially engaged with the peripheral edge of the substrate. The seal is disposed within the groove of the frame, wherein the seal runs contiguously from the substrate to the frame and the seal includes a foamed polymer.06-23-2011
20110259420PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - It is an object to reduce the region of a photoelectric conversion element which light does not reach, to suppress deterioration of power generation efficiency, and to suppress manufacturing cost of a voltage conversion element. The present invention relates to a transmissive photoelectric conversion device which includes a photoelectric conversion element including an n-type semiconductor layer, an intrinsic semiconductor layer, and a p-type semiconductor layer; a voltage conversion element which is overlapped with the photoelectric conversion element and which includes an oxide semiconductor film for a channel formation region; and a conductive element which electrically connects the photoelectric conversion element and the voltage conversion element. The photoelectric conversion element is a solar cell. The voltage conversion element includes a transistor having a channel formation region including an oxide semiconductor film. The voltage conversion element is a DC-DC converter.10-27-2011
20110259419SOLAR CELL WITH AN IMPROVED PIGMENTED DIELECTRIC REFLECTOR - The solar cell has a pigmented dielectric reflector, which includes two dielectric layers with different refractive indices and pigments embedded in the layers, so that the solar cell has good light-trapping properties and high efficiency with a small reflector layer thickness. The material systems suitable for producing the pigmented dielectric reflector are also part of the invention.10-27-2011
20110297232ACID TERPOLYMER FILMS OR SHEETS AND ARTICLES COMPRISING THE SAME - The present invention provides a safety laminate or solar cell module comprising an acid terpolymer containing film or sheet, wherein the acid terpolymer comprises copolymerized units derived from an α-olefin, about 15 to about 30 wt % of an α,β-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid having 3 to 8 carbons, and about 0.5 to about 40 wt % of an α,β-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid ester having 4 to 12 carbons, based on the total weight of the acid terpolymer.12-08-2011
20110297231ACID TERPOLYMER FILMS OR SHEETS AND ARTICLES COMPRISING THE SAME - The present invention provides a safety laminate or solar cell module comprising an acid terpolymer containing film or sheet, wherein the acid terpolymer comprises copolymerized units derived from an α-olefin, about 15 to about 30 wt % of an α,β-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid having 3 to 8 carbons, and about 0.5 to about 40 wt % of an α,β-ethylenically unsaturated carboxylic acid ester having 4 to 12 carbons, based on the total weight of the acid terpolymer.12-08-2011
20110297230RESIN COMPOSITION FOR SOLAR CELL PACKAGE - Provided is a resin composition for a solar cell package and a resin composition for a wet solar cell package which are excellent in transparency, moisture resistance, weather resistance and chemical resistance and are suitable as a material of a package for a solar cell, and a package for a wet solar cell and a transparent substrate for a wet solar cell which are obtained by molding the resin composition. The resin composition for a solar cell package of the present invention contains a cyclic olefin polymer having one kind or two or more kinds of structures represented by the following general formula (1)12-08-2011
20120145241PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH STABILIZED POLYMERIC ENCAPSULANT - The present invention relates to a photovoltaic module comprising a photovoltaic semiconductor (1) and one or more layers (2), which contain a synthetic polymer (A) and a hindered amine light stabilizer (B). The hindered amine light stabilizer (B) is for example a compound of the formula (I) wherein m is =1, Y is O, A is C06-14-2012
20130133743LAMINATE CONTAINING COATED POLYESTER FILM - A bonding material is described that is well suited to bonding polymer films, such as polyester films, to other substrates. In one embodiment, for instance, the bonding material can be used to bond a polyester film to a layer containing an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer to form a backing material for a photovoltaic device. The bonding material generally comprises a polymer component combined with a cross-linking agent. The polymer component may comprise an alkylene carboxylic acid copolymer, such as an ethylene acrylic acid copolymer or an ethylene methacrylic acid copolymer. In an alternative embodiment, the polymer component may comprise a phenoxy resin. The cross-linking agent, on the other hand may comprise an oxazoline polymer.05-30-2013
20120037228Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cell Having Distributed Bragg Reflector - A novel back reflector formed by disposing conductive nanostructures in a distributed Bragg reflector for photovoltaic cells is provided. The distributed Bragg reflector is formed by alternatively stacking first refractive layers and second refractive layers. The conductive nanostructures are disposed in the interfaces between the first and the second refractive layers.02-16-2012
20100084017Rotating Sunlight/Light Beam for Fractional/Beneficial Use. - (page 7), a rudimentary drawing showing a representation of a Rotating Sunlight/Light Beam for Fractional/Beneficial Use (alternative energy solar/light collection and distribution system), including second source backup.04-08-2010
20090183773AMINE-NEUTRALIZED IONOMER ENCAPSULANT LAYERS AND SOLAR CELL LAMINATES COMPRISING THE SAME - A solar cell pre-lamination assembly comprises an amine-neutralized ionomer film or sheet and a solar cell module that is prepared therefrom.07-23-2009
20090032101ENCAPSULANT MATERIALS AND ASSOCIATED DEVICES - Compositions suitable for use as encapsulants are described. The inventive compositions include a high molecular weight polymeric material, a curing agent, an inorganic compound, and a coupling agent. Optional elements include adhesion promoting agents, colorants, antioxidants, and UV absorbers. The compositions have desirable diffusivity properties, making them suitable for use in devices in which a substantial blocking of moisture ingress is desired, such as photovoltaic (PV) modules.02-05-2009
20110132459TRANSPARENT SOLAR CELL SUPERSTRATE - A transparent superstrate for use with solar cells is disclosed. The superstrate has a transparent matrix and a plurality of transparent filler bodies. The transparent filler bodies are embedded in the transparent matrix.06-09-2011
20090173385METHODS TO BOND OR SEAL GLASS PIECES OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL MODULES - The apparatus and methods of the present disclosure, in a broad aspect, provide novel ways for bonding or sealing pieces of glass of photovoltaic cell modules. These include providing the first piece of glass having a planar surface, providing the second piece of glass having a second planar surface, providing a photovoltaic cell between the first piece of glass and second piece of glass, providing an amount of solder to at least one solder contact area disposed on at least one of the first or second pieces of glass, bringing the first and second pieces of glass into contact at the at least one solder contact area, and heating the solder to about the melting point or working point of the solder to provide the first and second pieces of glass with a bond or seal at the at least one solder contact area.07-09-2009
20080271784ELECTRO-OPTIC PRISM SYSTEMS - Techniques and assemblies for steering light rays are described. An electro-optic prism configured to provide controllable steering of solar rays includes a first electrode including multiple substantially parallel linear electrodes positioned on a first substrate and a reference electrode positioned on a second substrate. An electro-optic material is positioned between the first electrode and the reference electrode. In one implementation, a wavelength selective filter is in optical communication with the electro-optic prism. The wavelength selective filter is configured to substantially eliminate selected wavelengths from solar rays before the solar rays are received by the electro-optic prism. In another implementation, a chemical compound is configured in the assembly to convert ultra-violet photons included in the solar rays into visible photons.11-06-2008
20120145242SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Disclosed is a solar cell module wherein deterioration of the strength of adhering between a solar cell panel and a terminal box can be suppressed, while reducing the quantity of an adhesive to be used. The solar cell module (06-14-2012
20120031489METHOD FOR PRODUCING A TEXTURED PLATE FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A method for producing a polymeric cover plate with a surface relief texture, whereby the at least one surface relief structure is made of structures, whereby each structure has a height of at least 0.5 mm, the method including thermally softening a polymer, bringing the softened polymer via pressure into contact with a mold which contains an inverse image of the desired surface relief texture, and hardening the softened polymer, while maintaining the pressure between the polymer and the mold.02-09-2012
20110114180METHOD CIRCUIT DEVICE ASSEMBLY AND SYSTEM FOR CONVERTING SOLAR RADIATION INTO ELECTRIC CURRENT - Disclosed is a (solar) light electrical power generation unit including a concentrator plane of one or more photo-concentrator structures and a conversion surface including one or more photovoltaic (“PV”) active regions. The conversion surface is substantially parallel to the concentrator plane, and actuators may adjust a relative position between the concentrator plane and the conversion surface while maintaining the parallel relation between the concentrator plane and the conversion surface.05-19-2011
20110114179SOLAR BATTERY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR BATTERY, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - There is provided a solar battery, including: a solar cell including an electrode ving a contact resistance with a silicon substrate of 70 mΩ·cm05-19-2011
20120305079SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module having a metal layer as a substrate, and being usable pratically. The solar cell module 12-06-2012
20120305077CONCENTRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC AND THERMAL SYSTEM - A concentrated photovoltaic and thermal system is disclosed. The system compromises a photovoltaic receiver assembly that produces highly concentrated solar energy, resulting in efficient energy conversion that requires fewer photovoltaic receivers than an arrangement that lacks such high concentration levels. The receiver assembly comprises a primary optical element that concentrates the source light onto an electromagnetic energy receiver, a secondary optical element to aid in further concentration of the light source, a thermal energy converter and a heat dissipation unit. The photovoltaic receiver assembly is preferably mounted on a tracking system to maximize sun exposure.12-06-2012
20120305076LENS SYSTEMS FOR SOLAR ENERGY SOLUTIONS - An integrated solar lens and lens system that may be active, a hybrid, or a self-powered system. A solar lens is fabricated and configured to concentrate received solar energy onto a solar sensor material, whereby a medium is provided between the lens and the solar sensor material, such as a fluid and a fluid including micro or nano components including transparent microemulsion balls, and ionized particles. Such balls and particles improve the transducing of the solar energy to heat, and which heated fluid can be circulated throughout a system.12-06-2012
20120305078BACK SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A back sheet for a solar cell to be disposed in contact with a sealing material of a cell-side substrate in which a solar cell device is sealed with the sealing material, the back sheet including: a polymer base material; and a polymer layer that is provided on the polymer base material and contains a composite polymer that contains, in a molecule, 15% by mass to 85% by mass of siloxane structural units represented by the following formula (1) and 85% by mass to 15% by mass of non-siloxane structural units: wherein R12-06-2012
20120305080SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULE - The solar cell module having a configuration in which a solar cell is formed on the metal-resin composite substrate, and exhibiting excellent durability. The solar cell module 12-06-2012
20100186818Holographic solar concentrator - A solar concentrator receives sunlight for generating solar power with the concentrator including holographic optical element (HOE) separators for separating sunlight into separated bands, including HOE concentrators for concentrating the separated bands into concentrated bands, including HOE reflectors for reflecting the concentrated bands as reflected bands onto a multiple junction photovoltaic solar cell for generating the solar power with reduced aberrations of the bands for improved conversion of the solar light into the generator solar power, all of which can be constructed in an integrated structure using spacers, waveguides, and a substrate, where the HOEs use chirp Bragg gratings for reducing optical aberrations of the separated, concentrated, and reflected optical bands, with the option of multiple HOE separators for receiving sunlight from various angles of incidence.07-29-2010
20110079283SELF-REMEDIATING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A method for manufacturing a photovoltaic module may include forming a photovoltaic device including a constituent material; forming a hydrophilic material adjacent to the constituent material, where the hydrophilic material includes an acrylate-based polymer; and depositing a remediation agent adjacent to the hydrophilic material, such that the remediation agent is proximate to, but not contacting the constituent material.04-07-2011
20110315223COATING HAVING IMPROVED HYDROLYTIC RESISTANCE - Coatings utilized in multilayer sheets such as laminated films used for photovoltaic backsheets can be prepared by adding epoxy and carbodiimide to a polyurethane mixture to be utilized as the adhesive, prior to application of the coating to a substrate. Such coatings can exhibit improved resistance to hydrolysis, and can maintain bond strength under prolonged conditions of high heat and humidity.12-29-2011
20110315222ENERGY ABSORBING LAYER FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A photovoltaic device, including at least one photovoltaic cell, a flexible transparent layer formed over the at least one photovoltaic cell, a first encapsulant layer formed over a first major surface of the flexible transparent layer facing the at least one photovoltaic cell and a second encapsulant layer formed over a second major surface of the flexible transparent layer facing away from the at least one photovoltaic cell. The second encapsulant layer is made of a shear thickening polymer.12-29-2011
20120204954QUADRATIC PHASE WEIGHED SOLAR RECEIVER - A leaky travelling wave array of optical elements provide a solar wavelength rectenna.08-16-2012
20120000529METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FORMING A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - Disclosed is a photovoltaic cell, a method of forming the photovoltaic cell, and a system for forming the photovoltaic cell. The photovoltaic cell includes a plurality of layers, at least one scribe disposed within the plurality of layers, and sidewalls delineating the scribe from the plurality of layers. At least a portion of the sidewalls includes material properties substantially consistent with the plurality of layers.01-05-2012
20120000530DEVICE FOR HARNESSING SOLAR ENERGY WITH INTEGRATED HEAT TRANSFER CORE, REGENERATOR, AND CONDENSER - An integrated heat transfer core device for harnessing solar energy is disclosed. The device has a heat transfer core, a regenerator; and a condenser. All of the aforesaid components are integrated. The heat transfer core has a thermal conduction mitigation component to mitigate heat losses from a working fluid due to conduction. Further, the heat transfer core may be packaged in a heat transfer core package that includes a light focusing component to concentrate solar radiation onto each heat transfer core. Solar power systems utilizing the integrated heat transfer core device are also disclosed.01-05-2012
20120234387SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - According to one embodiment, a solar cell includes a first substrate, a second substrate, a first electrode, a second electrode, a support unit, a sealing unit, a permeation suppression unit, and an electrolyte fluid. The first electrode is provided on a major surface of the first substrate. The second electrode is provided on a major surface of the second substrate. The support unit is provided on the second electrode. The support unit is configured to support a sensitizing dye. The sealing unit is configured to seal a circumferential edge portion of the first substrate and a circumferential edge portion of the second substrate. The permeation suppression unit is provided around the support unit on an inner side of the sealing unit. The electrolyte fluid is provided on an inner side of the permeation suppression unit.09-20-2012
20120042949SOLAR CONCENTRATOR - Apparatus (02-23-2012
20110155243PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL, CONDENSING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A photovoltaic cell includes a photovoltaic cell element configured to convert sunlight into electricity, a columnar optical member including an incident surface that the sunlight enters, a side surface by which the sunlight is reflected, and an irradiation surface through which the sunlight is brought to the photovoltaic cell element, and a holder configured to hold the columnar optical member. The holder includes an abutting portion configured to face and abut the columnar optical member, and a non-abutting portion located away from the columnar optical member.06-30-2011
20120006406PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT - The photoelectric conversion element of the present invention includes: a pair of electrodes facing one another; a oxide semiconductor layer provided on one of the pair of electrodes; an electrolyte disposed between the electrodes; and a sealing part that connects the electrodes, and surrounds and seals the oxide semiconductor layer and the electrolyte. At least a portion of the sealing part comprises an inorganic sealing part formed of an inorganic material and on a surface of at least one of the electrodes and a resin sealing part that is connected to the inorganic sealing part along the direction connecting the electrodes and comprises a material including a resin. A region on a surface of the inorganic sealing part on a side closer to the electrolyte than a region connected to the resin sealing part is covered with a protective resin layer that is resistant to the electrolyte.01-12-2012
20120006407PROTECTIVE SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME - The protective sheet for solar cell module of the present invention includes a substrate film and a heat bondable layer laminated on one side of the substrate film, wherein the heat bondable layer is formed from a resin material containing an olefin-based polymer that includes a (meth)acrylate unit having a glycidyl group, and serves as an adhesive layer to be used for bonding with a encapsulant that constitutes the solar cell module.01-12-2012
20120006405PANEL-MOUNTED PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM WITH FRESNEL REFLECTOR - A system comprises first and second Fresnel reflectors. Each of the Fresnel reflectors comprises a Fresnel surface with a focus, a radiating surface opposite the Fresnel surface, and a photovoltaic element mounted to the Fresnel surface, in thermally conducting contact with the radiating surface. The first and second Fresnel reflectors form a vertex having a dihedral angle, such that the focus of the first Fresnel reflector is directed toward the photovoltaic element on the second Fresnel reflector, and such that the focus of the second Fresnel reflector is directed toward the photovoltaic element on the first Fresnel reflector.01-12-2012
20120006404SOLAR CELL ASSEMBLY WITH DIFFRACTION GRATINGS - A solar cell structure using either a dye-sensitized or organic absorber is provided with a diffraction grating on at least one side to enhance the travel of first order diffraction components through the photo sensitive material. A two-sided cell uses diffraction gratings both top and bottom wherein the periodic diffraction elements of one grating are shifted by one-quarter of the grating period relative to the other.01-12-2012
20100212742PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH CONCENTRATOR OPTICS - The invention relates to a photovoltaic device having a concentrator optics. The photovoltaic device includes at least one solar cell and a concentrator optics, with the concentrator optics having at least one first, light-input-side, focusing optical element and at least one second optical element downstream of the first, light-input-side optical element and upstream of the solar cell, onto which, in operating position of the photovoltaic device, the bundled solar radiation falls by way of the first optical element, with the second optical element having a solarization-stabilized silicate glass.08-26-2010
20120204955LEAKY MODE SOLAR RECEIVER USING CONTINUOUS WEDGE LENS - A leaky travelling wave array of optical elements provide a solar wavelength rectenna.08-16-2012
20120012181SOLAR CELL - A solar cell 01-19-2012
20120055552LIGHT-GUIDE SOLAR MODULE, METHOD OF FABRICATION THEREOF, AND PANEL MADE THEREFROM - A photovoltaic light guide solar concentration apparatus has a deflecting layer, a light-guide layer optically coupled to the deflecting layer, a secondary optic and a photovoltaic cell. The photovoltaic concentration apparatus has a central optical axis that, in operation, is parallel to incident sunlight. A deflecting layer includes a plurality of focusing elements symmetrically arranged with respect to the central optical axis. The light-guide layer is optically coupled to the plurality of focusing elements of the deflecting layer. The light-guide layer has a reflective surface and a plurality of opposite facets symmetrically arranged with respect to the central axis and focused sunlight from the deflection layer enters the light-guide layer and is directed and trapped by the reflective surface and the opposite facets and guided inside the light-guide layer towards an exit aperture through total internal reflections. A secondary optic is coaxially located with respect to the central optical axis and is coupled to the light guide layer the secondary optic that has at least one reflective surface. The secondary optic redirects the light towards the exit aperture. A photovoltaic cell is located at the exit aperture and on the central axis to receive sunlight from the secondary optic within an acceptance angle relative to the central axis.03-08-2012
20120055550SOLAR MODULE WITH LIGHT-TRANSMISSIVE EDGE SEAL - A solar module with a front support, a back support, and a photovoltaic active material located between the front and back supports. An electrically insulative light transmissive seal is located at the peripheral edges of the front support and back support to electrically isolate the active material from the outer surfaces of the solar module.03-08-2012
20120024375VACUUM ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - For the production of vacuum elements, which optionally contain fittings in the form of at least one solar module (photovoltaic element) and/or a solar collector or a display element, negative pressure is produced in a space between two flat components, in particular translucent or transparent plates, such as glass panes that are bound together via a bead made of sealing material, such that an arrangement that consists of a first component provided with a bead and at a distance therefrom but parallel to the second component arranged therein, is introduced into a vacuum chamber and pressed under vacuum. In this case, an elevated temperature also optionally can be applied to laminate films provided between the components with the components and optionally present fittings.02-02-2012
20120055551PHOTOVOLTAIC ASSEMBLIES INCORPORATING AN OPTICAL ELEMENT HAVING INTERNAL INCLUSIONS CONFIGURED FOR MAXIMUM CONVERSION EFFICIENCY - A photovoltaic assembly includes an optical element comprising a body having opposed planar major surfaces with a plurality of open-mouthed inclusions (grooves) formed on the light output surface. Each groove has a closed apex with an included apex angle. The body is formed from a material having an index of refraction of at least 1.3 and an induced absorbance rate ΔAbs/Dose less than or equal to about 0.4. The optical element is attached to a photovoltaic cell using an adhesive having an index of refraction in the range from about 1.34 to 1.50. The apex angle is selected such that light incident upon the body is conveyed the light output surface by the mechanism of total internal reflection from the boundary walls of the grooves and/or without retro-reflection toward the incident surface. The thickness of the adhesive layer and the dimension of the mouth of the grooves are selected such that light incident on the surface of the photovoltaic cell is not obscured by conductor lines on the cell's surface.03-08-2012
20120152350SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Disclosed is a solar cell module wherein deterioration of the strength of adhering between a terminal box and an adhesive can be suppressed, while facilitating an adhering step. The solar cell module (06-21-2012
20120152349JUNCTION BOX ATTACHMENT FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC THIN FILM DEVICES - A flexible solar cell assembly having solar cells that are positioned within a sealed module chamber. A sealed wiring chamber is positioned on an end of the sealed module chamber and is interposed between the sealed module chamber and a junction box. Wiring interconnecting the junction box to the solar cells in the sealed module chamber is routed through the sealed wiring chamber to inhibit water entry into the sealed module chamber via the wiring.06-21-2012
20090065055POLYESTER RESIN SHEET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC BATTERIES, LAMINATE FORMED BY USING THE SAME, PHOTOVOLTAIC BATTERY BACKSIDE PROTECTION SHEET, AND MODULE - An objective of the present invention is to provide an inexpensive and excellent polyester resin sheet for photovoltaic batteries which enhances the electrical transduction efficiency of photovoltaic battery by improving the hydrolysis resistance and heat resistance, and further enhancing the screening potency, as well as a photovoltaic battery using the same. The polyester resin sheet for photovoltaic batteries comprises a polyester resin layer formed by using one or more layers having a number average molecular weight of 18500 to 40000 in which at least one or more layers having 5 to 40% by weight of titanium dioxide is formed on the polyester resin layer, wherein a light transmittance at wavelengths of 300 to 350 nm is 0.005 to 10%, a relative reflectance is 80% or more and 105% or less, an apparent density is 1.37 to 1.65 g/cm03-12-2009
20120060919JUNCTION BOX FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR PANEL - A junction box for a solar panel comprises a housing, a lid, a first connector and a second connector. The housing comprises sidewalls and a top wall defining an interior space. The first coupling comprises a first contact element and the second coupling comprises a second contact element. Said contact elements penetrate at least one of the sidewalls, so that the contact elements provide an electrical contact from external contact elements to internal contact elements, such as solder tails. Internal contact elements are arranged at least partially in said interior space. The top wall comprises an opening extending only partially in said top wall. Said opening is located such in the top wall that access to said solder tails in a substantially perpendicular direction to the surface of a solar panel for connecting the solder tail to the solar panel is provided.03-15-2012
20120204956CORRECTION WEDGE FOR LEAKY SOLAR ARRAY - A leaky travelling wave array of optical elements provide a solar wavelength rectenna.08-16-2012
20110094586SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same are discussed. The solar cell includes a substrate of a first conductive type, an emitter portion that has a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type and forms a p-n junction along with the substrate, a first anti-reflection layer that is positioned on the emitter portion and has a thickness of about 5 nm to 35 nm, a second anti-reflection layer positioned on the first anti-reflection layer, a first electrode electrically connected to the emitter portion, and a second electrode electrically connected to the substrate.04-28-2011
20110083739ENERGY COLLECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS - An energy collection system is provided. The system can include an energy collection device and an energy concentration device disposed proximate at least a portion of the energy collection device. The energy concentration device includes a non-periodic, sub-wavelength, dielectric grating.04-14-2011
20100096012SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A photovoltaic module is a glass-glass thin film solar cell. It comprises a transparent glass substrate arranged on the front side of the module, i.e., in the direction of the light source. A layer system is deposited on the substrate which comprises a front electrode layer, e.g., a TCO layer, an active semiconductor layer and a second electrode layer, which may also be a TCO (transparent conductive oxide) layer. The active semiconductor layer comprises semiconducting areas of different conductivity type and a junction between these areas. The junction may be a p-n or a p-i-n junction between a p-doped area and an n-doped area. The layer system is sandwiched between the glass substrate and a glass encapsulation element. The glass encapsulation element is bonded to the substrate and the layer system, respectively, by means of a bonding layer. According to the invention the bonding layer is configured as a white lambertian back reflector. It may consist of a PVB (poly vinyl butyral) or a silicon material layer and an appropriate dye or pigment, e.g., titanium-dioxide, embedded in the PVB of silicon material layer.04-22-2010
20120118381LUMINESCENT OPTICAL DEVICE AND SOLAR CELL SYSTEM WITH SUCH LUMINESCENT OPTICAL DEVICE - The invention provides a luminescent optical device (05-17-2012
20110088780Solar Component for Solar Thermal Installations, Solar Thermal Installation, Method for Operating a Solar Thermal Installation, and Parts of a Solar Component for Solar Thermal Installations - A solar component for solar thermal installations has an absorber element and at least one tube for a fluid thermal medium, coupled thermally directly or indirectly to the absorber element. At least one solid insulation of foam glass or plastic, in particular a cured plastic foam made of polyurethane or polyisocyanurate, is provided. The solid insulation, when mounted as intended, fixes the at least one tube relative to the absorber element.04-21-2011
20120118382PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL MODULE - A photovoltaic cell module includes a flat-plate-like photovoltaic cell panel, which has a photovoltaic cell, a front face cover covering the light-receiving surface of the photovoltaic cell, and a rear face cover covering the rear face of the photovoltaic cell; includes a framing member that has a cross-sectionally U-shaped panel holding portion which sandwiches and holds the outer periphery of the photovoltaic cell panel from the front side and the rear side of the photovoltaic cell panel; and includes a cable that is used to draw out electric power from the photovoltaic cell. A cable holding member is disposed to hold the cable and is arranged on the panel holding portion, which faces the rear side of the photovoltaic cell panel, of at least one side of the framing member. As a result, it becomes easier to fasten the cable, thereby leading to enhancement in workability.05-17-2012
20120118377DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - A dye-sensitized solar cell includes a first electrode, a light absorption layer disposed on one side of the first electrode, a second electrode facing the first electrode, a light reflecting layer disposed on one side of the second electrode, and an electrolyte filled between the first electrode and the second electrode. Here, the light reflecting layer includes a plurality of thin films including a first oxide thin film and a second oxide thin film, the first oxide thin film has a different refractive index from the second oxide thin film, and the first and second oxide thin films are stacked alternately.05-17-2012
20090133752Organic Photovoltaic Device With Improved Power Conversion Efficiency And Method Of Manufacturing Same - The present invention relates to a method of fabricating an organic photovoltaic device with improved power conversion efficiency by reducing lateral contribution of series resistance between subcells through active area partitioning by introducing a patterned structure of insulating partitioning walls inside the device. According to the method of the present invention, since the lateral contribution of series resistance between the partitioned subcells is minimized and each subcell works independently, there is no interference phenomenon against the current output of each subcells. As such, the function of a charge extraction layer with high conductivity can be maximized. Thus, the method of the present invention can be effectively used in the fabrication and development of a next-generation large area organic thin layer photovoltaic cell device.05-28-2009
20120138145STRUCTURE AND DESIGN OF CONCENTRATOR SOLAR CELL ASSEMBLY RECEIVER SUBSTRATE - A substrate has a top side and a bottom side. A solar cell is secured to the top side of the substrate and has an anode and a cathode. A heat transfer element is secured to the bottom side of the substrate. An anode pad is formed on the top side of the substrate and is coupled to the anode of the solar cell; similarly, a cathode pad is formed on the top side of the substrate and is coupled to the cathode of the solar cell. The substrate coefficient of thermal expansion and the solar cell coefficient of thermal expansion match within plus or minus ten parts per million per degree C.06-07-2012
20120118376SEALING MEMBER FOR PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE, PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE HAVING THE SAME AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME - A sealing member, a photoelectric conversion device having the same, and a method of preparing the same are disclosed. In one aspect, the sealing member for the photoelectric conversion device joins a first substrate and a second substrate, which face each other, and seals an electrolyte solution in a space therebetween. An edge of the sealing member may include a rounded portion and a radius of a circle including the rounded portion is about 50% or more of the width of the sealing member. The sealing member may serve to reduce leakage of the electrolyte solution due to lowered adhesion of the sealing member or a wrinkled sealing member, and thus, improve reliability of the photoelectric conversion device.05-17-2012
20120118380Solar Reflective Fibre - A solar reflective fibre having a longitudinal axis, the fibre comprising: a substantially continuous primary portion having a first refractive index; and a plurality of secondary portions, each secondary portion having a second refractive index different from the first refractive index. The primary and secondary portions are arranged to run substantially continuously along at least a portion of a length of the fibre, the primary portion providing a host medium within which the secondary portions are provided. The primary and secondary portions are arranged to constitute a dielectric mirror structure whereby a phase of a plurality of scattered beams of radiation each beam being scattered at one of a plurality of respective interfaces between primary and secondary portions interfere constructively with one another thereby to reduce an amount of radiation transmitted through the fibre.05-17-2012
20120118378Non-Linear Solar Receiver - The present invention generally relates to non-linear solar receivers particularly optimized for high temperature thermodynamic cycles. In one embodiment, the present invention relates to a non-linear solar receiver comprised of at least two heat exchangers with one first set of heat exchangers increasing the enthalpy in a relatively lower temperature to the one second set of heat exchangers increasing the enthalpy of either the thermodynamic cycle working fluid or a heat transfer fluid.05-17-2012
20120118379DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - Disclosed herein is a dye-sensitized solar cell that prevents reverse electron transfer by a simple method and has significantly-improved power generation efficiency. The dye-sensitized solar cell includes a base material for dye-sensitized solar cell having a base material and a first electrode layer provided on the base material; a counter electrode base material arranged so as to oppose to the base material for dye-sensitized solar cell and functions as an electrode; an electrolyte layer provided between the base material for dye-sensitized solar cell and the counter electrode base material; and a porous layer laminated on either the base material for dye-sensitized solar cell or the counter electrode base material, provided so as to come into contact with the electrolyte layer, and contains a dye-sensitizer-supported fine particle of a metal oxide semiconductor.05-17-2012
20120125437SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module including a thin-film solar cell element protected with a novel gas barrier film is provided. The solar cell module includes a laminate obtained by laminating a gas barrier film on a layer including at least a solar cell element. The gas barrier film is obtained by laminating at least a substrate film, weather-resistant coating layer, and inorganic thin film layer. The weather-resistant coating layer is made of at least one of (a) a material obtained by crosslinking modified polyvinyl alcohol, (b) a material obtained by crosslinking polycaprolactone polyol and/or a material obtained by crosslinking polycarbonate polyol, and (c) an acrylic polymer having at least one group selected from the group consisting of an UV-stabilizing group, UV-absorbing group, and cycloalkyl group. The solar cell element is a thin-film solar cell element.05-24-2012
20120125438MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SOLAR BATTERY MODULE, AND SOLAR BATTERY MODULE MANUFACTURED WITH THAT MANUFACTURING METHOD - A manufacturing method of a solar battery module includes a stacking step of arranging a peripheral sealing member at a peripheral portion of an upper surface of a glass substrate, arranging one or more solar cells on the upper surface of the glass substrate surrounded by the peripheral sealing member, arranging a first laminate film on an upper surface of the solar cells, and stacking a surface side plate glass above the first laminate film to face the glass substrate. The manufacturing method of a solar battery module further includes a sealing step of performing a lamination process by heating and applying pressure to the first laminate film in an air evacuation environment to obtain a translucent resin layer, and sealing the solar cells and the translucent resin layer in a space surrounded by the glass substrate, the surface side plate glass and the peripheral sealing member.05-24-2012
20120125436Use of Ionomeric Silicone Thermoplastic Elastomers in Electronic Devices - This invention relates to the use of a thermoplastic elastomer comprising at least one silicone ionomer in the formation of electronic devices.05-24-2012
20100206378Thin-film photovoltaic power system with integrated low-profile high-efficiency inverter - A photovoltaic device including at least one photovoltaic cell and a transformerless inverter electrically coupled to the at least one photovoltaic cell. The at least one photovoltaic cell and the transformerless inverter are integrated into a photovoltaic package.08-19-2010
20120211080CURABLE RESIN COMPOSITION FOR FORMING SEAL PART, LAMINATE AND PROCESS FOR ITS PRODUCTION - To provide a curable resin composition for forming a seal part, which is capable of easily forming a continuous seal part and which is capable of maintaining the shape of the seal part during a period of from immediately after the formation of an uncured seal part until a liquid material is supplied to a region enclosed by the seal part and the seal part is cured, and a laminate which has minimal defects and whereby a resin layer interposed between first and second plates can be made thick. One having a viscosity of from 500 to 3,000 Pa·s at 25° C. is used as the curable resin composition for forming a seal part to form an uncured seal part 12 enclosing the periphery of a liquid material (curable resin composition 08-23-2012
20120132280PHOTOCELL MODULE AND FABRICATION METHOD FOR PHOTOCELL MODULE - The present invention can simplify a process.05-31-2012
20120132279SOLAR CELL MODULE STACKED MEMBER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING - The invention provides a solar cell module stacked member in which a pressure sensitive-type adhesive for bonding together a support member and a solar cell module is not photodegraded, and there is no concern of separation of the support member and the solar cell module. In a solar cell module stacked member in which a support member and a solar cell module having an internal solar cell element are stacked, the support member and the solar cell module are bonded together; the support member and the solar cell module are bonded together by a reaction hardening-type adhesive in an outer rim portion of the solar cell module irradiated with sunlight; and the support member and the solar cell module are bonded together by a pressure sensitive-type adhesive in a portion which is on the inside of the outer rim portion of the solar cell module and in which sunlight is blocked.05-31-2012
20120160324CONCENTRATING SOLAR MIRROR PANEL ASSEMBLY WITH CORRUGATED STIFFENER - A concentrating solar mirror panel assembly having a reflective sheet with a reflective major surface and an opposing major surface and a corrugated stiffener having ridges and troughs each having an outer surface with land areas, wherein the land areas of at least a portion of the ridges are joined to at least a portion of the opposing major surface of the reflective sheet. The concentrating solar mirror panel assembly is non-planar and substantially rigid. The concentrating solar mirror panel assembly is assembled such that a desired non-planar shape is maintained: either using a locking sheet or having the corrugated stiffener attached so that its principal axes of corrugation are substantially perpendicular to the axis of curvature of the assembly. Methods of making the concentrating solar mirror panel assembly are also disclosed. Concentrated solar power systems and solar collection devices are also disclosed.06-28-2012
20120247559SEALING FILM FOR SOLAR BATTERY - Provided is a sealing film for a solar battery which has excellent light resistance and heat resistance by preventing yellowing due to the influence of light or heat.10-04-2012
20120138146THIN-FILM SOLAR BATTERY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin-film solar battery is constructed such that it includes a translucent insulating substrate, a first transparent conductive film formed of a crystalline transparent conductive film on the translucent insulating substrate, with an uneven structure on a surface thereof, a second transparent conductive film formed of a transparent conductive film on the first transparent conductive film, with an uneven structure on a surface thereof, where the uneven structure is more gentle than the uneven structure of the first transparent conductive film, a power generation layer formed on the second transparent conductive film and having at least one crystalline layer to generate power, and a backside electrode layer formed of a light-reflective conductive film on the power generation layer. A substantially convex hollow portion projecting from the translucent insulating substrate is provided between adjacent convex portions in the uneven structure of the first transparent conductive film.06-07-2012
20110180143PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A CONCENTRATOR LENS SYSTEM - The invention relates to a photovoltaic device for direct conversion of solar energy into electrical energy, which comprises a concentrator lens system and at least one solar cell. Furthermore the invention relates to a method for producing a concentrator lens system which can be used in a corresponding photovoltaic device but also in other devices for, e.g. thermal, use of radiation.07-28-2011
20120167986PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES MANUFACTUERD USING MONOLITHIC MODULE ASSEMBLY TECHNIQUES - Photovoltaic modules comprising back-contact solar cells manufactured using monolithic module assembly techniques comprising a flexible circuit comprising a back sheet and a patterned metallization. The module may comprise busses in electrical contact with the patterned metallization to extract the current. The module may alternatively comprise multilevel metallizations. Interlayer dielectric comprising islands or dots relieves stresses due to thermal mismatch. The use of multiple cord plates enables flexible circuit layouts, thus optimizing the module. The modules preferably comprise a thermoplastic encapsulant and/or hybrid adhesive/solder materials. An ultrathin moisture barrier enables roll-to-roll processing.07-05-2012
20120167985SOLAR CELL SEALANT SHEET AND SEALANT-INTEGRATED SUBSTRATE - The solar cell sealant sheet of the present invention includes a coating film of a water-soluble thermosetting resin-dispersed paint obtained by emulsion-polymerizing a monomer mixture containing an α,β-ethylenically unsaturated monomer having an alkoxysilyl group in a presence of a resin serving as a dispersant, the resin having a quaternized ammonium group that has been obtained by addition of a tertiary amine compound and an organic acid to having an epoxy group, wherein a hardness (B) in terms of a pencil hardness of the coating film after being thermally cured is 4B or higher, and a hardness ratio (B/A) of the hardness (B) after being thermally cured relative to a hardness (A) before being heated is 1.1 or higher. The sealant-integrated substrate of the present invention includes, as a sealant, the coating film of the water-soluble thermosetting resin-dispersed paint that is integrally layered on a surface on a solar cell element side of a substrate of a solar cell module.07-05-2012
20100051103CASING OF ELECTRONIC DEVICE - A casing of an electronic device is located at an outermost layer of the electronic device and includes a photoelectric conversion film and a casing body. The photoelectric conversion film has an organic material. The casing body is used as a base plate of the photoelectric conversion film which is formed at the casing body.03-04-2010
20100051102SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module has a chamber and includes a solar cell device, a gel/fluid, and a light-focusing unit. The solar cell device is disposed in the chamber, and the gel/fluid is filled in the chamber. The light-focusing unit focuses at least one part of the external light to the solar cell device.03-04-2010
20090101207HERMETIC RECEIVER PACKAGE - The present invention is a hermetic receiver package for improving reliability of optical components within a solar concentrator system. The hermetic receiver package includes a non-imaging concentrator and a solar cell sealed within a shell structure to provide protection from environmental degradation. The non-imaging concentrator and solar cell are guarded from degradation caused by the outside environment as well as by sources within the solar concentrator system. Features are incorporated into the non-imaging concentrator and shell which allow the hermetic receiver package to be manufactured in a cost-effective manner.04-23-2009
20100012187ENCAPSULATION OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC CONCENTRATOR - Techniques are disclosed for protecting a photovoltaic device from the environment. An electrical interconnection is also provided for increased mechanical and electrical protection of the photovoltaic and electrical interconnections between lens cell assemblies configured in an array using an enclosed busway structure. Also provided is a method of leading the electrical contacts from the photovoltaic material within the lens cell assembly such that there is a positive seal provided by the lens encapsulating material. One such embodiment comprises a passage within the lens itself, which serves as a conduit for electrical leads from the photovoltaic material. The internal passage for electrical leads enables the ability to completely wrap and seal the lens assembly with encapsulating film, which in combination with an enclosed busway operatively coupling an array of lens assemblies, allows for a highly manufacturable and secure seal over the photovoltaic system.01-21-2010
20120073656SOLAR CELL SEALING FILM AND SOLAR CELL USING THE SEALING FILM - The present invention is to provide a solar cell backside sealing film comprising ethylene-polar monomer copolymer as a chief ingredient, a crosslinker giving crosslinked structure and a colorant, which is free from reduction of electrical insulation properties, and a solar cell using the sealing film. A solar cell sealing film comprises ethylene-polar monomer copolymer, a crosslinker and a colorant, and further contains a (meth)acrylate compound represented by the following formula (I):03-29-2012
20120073655PACKAGE BODY FOR STORING OR TRANSPORTING SOLAR CELL SEALING FILM AND METHOD FOR STORING OR TRANSPORTING SOLAR CELL SEALING FILM - A package for storing or transporting a solar cell sealing film includes: the solar cell sealing film containing a silane compound and/or a silane-modified resin; and a package bag packaging the solar cell sealing film. The absolute humidity inside the package is 1 to 15 g/m03-29-2012
20120073654METHODS FOR FABRICATING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES BY TUNING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS - Methods for fabricating a photovoltaic module, and the resulting photovoltaic module, are provided and include selecting a photovoltaic cell operable to convert photons to electrons, selecting a light transparent superstrate material having a superstrate absorption coefficient and a superstrate refractive index, and selecting an encapsulant having an encapsulant absorption coefficient and an encapsulant refractive index, wherein an absorption coefficient relationship between the superstrate absorption coefficient and the encapsulant absorption coefficient and a refractive index relationship between the superstrate refractive index and the encapsulant refractive index are selected such that there is a gain in efficiency, and assembling the photovoltaic module using the selected materials.03-29-2012
20120073653LIGHT CONCENTRATION ELEMENT ASSEMBLY AND SOLAR CELL APPARATUS HAVING SAME - A light concentration element assembly includes a Fresnel lens unit and a compound parabolic concentrator. The Fresnel lens unit includes a first Fresnel lens and a second Fresnel lens arranged parallel with each other, and configured for converging light transmitted therethrough. The compound parabolic concentrator includes at least two paraboloidal reflecting surfaces. The parabolic concentrator includes a light incident opening facing the Fresnel lens unit and a light output opening, and the paraboloidal reflecting surfaces are configured for reflecting the converged light from the Fresnel lens unit and outputting the reflected light through the light output opening. A solar cell apparatus using the light concentration element assembly is provided.03-29-2012
20120312373Solar Roof Panel Assembly and Method for Installation - A solar roof panel assembly for new construction or retrofit installation above a roof deck of a building structure comprises a metal roof panel base, at least one solar cell, a stone coating, and an electrical junction box fastened to the back of the metal roof panel base. The electrical junction box houses electrical components connected to the solar cell, and electrical connection elements extend from the electrical junction box. The solar roof panel assembly may be installed such that an air gap is created between the solar roof panel assembly and the roof deck, and cabling and other electrical components may be placed in the air gap. Multiple solar roof panel assemblies may be interconnected. A solar roof panel assembly may replace a previously-installed roof panel, and may be aesthetically and/or structurally similar to adjacent previously-installed roof panels.12-13-2012
20120255610Encapsulant for Terrestrial Photovoltaic Modules - Photovoltaic modules containing solar cells have at least one polymeric optically transparent encapsulant layer with solar energy weighted transmittance at wavelengths of light from 350 to 1200 nanometers equal to or greater than 85% and ultra-violet light cutoff equal to or less than 345 nanometers. The encapsulant material contains at least one olefinic co-polymer having glass transition temperature equal to or less than 20° C. and 10% secant tensile modulus equal to or less than 16,000 psi and at least one ultra-violet light absorber having a chemical structure with no hydroxyl group at an ortho position of an aromatic ring with respect to an aromatic carbonyl group, a triazole group, or a triazine group.10-11-2012
20120186651APPARATUS, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COLLECTING SOLAR ENERGY - Apparatuses and systems for collecting solar energy may include a plurality of holographic optical elements (HOEs) associated with a photovoltaic (PV) cell. Material layers containing HOEs may be attached to directly to a surface of a PV cell or attached to the surface of the module that houses a PV cell. The HOEs alter the angle of incoming sunlight such that the angle of incidence (AOI) of the sunlight on the PV cell is within an accepted angle of acceptance (AOA). In one embodiment one or more material layers have HOEs formed therein and are arranged with respect to the photovoltaic cell such that the plurality of HOEs redirect sunlight along at least one axis when the sunlight is outside a defined AOA and permit sunlight to pass through the at least one material layer without being redirected when the sunlight is within the defined AOA.07-26-2012
20080302418Elongated Photovoltaic Devices in Casings - A solar cell unit comprising a solar cell and an at least partially transparent casing that encases the solar cell. The solar cell includes a nonplanar substrate defining a length of the solar cell, wherein a length of the nonplanar substrate is at least three times longer than a width of the nonplanar substrate. A back-electrode is disposed around all or a portion of the nonplanar substrate, and extends along all or a portion of the length of the nonplanar substrate. A semiconductor junction is disposed on the back-electrode, and has first and second layers, each of which has an inorganic semiconductor. An at least partially transparent conductive layer is disposed on the semiconductor junction. Optionally, filler material is disposed on the transparent conductive layer, which can for example be a liquid or gel.12-11-2008
20120260985SOLAR CELL - A solar cell in which the P-type light absorbing layer is thin, and the nanoparticles are disposed. Although the P-type light absorbing layer is thin, the light absorption efficiency may be increased by the use of nanoparticles. Accordingly, the P-type light absorbing layer is formed thin, and thereby the material cost may be reduced and the process time may be shortened.10-18-2012
20100236626REFLECTIVE SURFACE FOR SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTOR - Concentrating solar collector systems that utilize a concentrating reflector to direct incident solar radiation to a solar receiver are described. In one aspect, the reflective surface is arranged to direct light to the receiver in a non-imaging manner in which the solar rays reflected from the opposing edges of the reflective surface are generally directed towards a central portion of the solar receiver. Rays reflected from selected central portions of the reflective surface are directed closer to the edges of the receiver than the solar rays reflected from the edges of the reflective surface. The described reflectors are generally intended for use in solar collector systems that track movements of the sun along at least one axis.09-23-2010
20100326523System and Method for Collecting and Optically Transmitting Solar Radiation - A solar power system includes solar panels placed below-grade and an optical section placed above-grade that collects solar radiation and transmits the solar radiation to the solar panels. The optical section may include optical components and a tracking mechanism. Photovoltaic material may be mounted to one or more surfaces below grade. The surfaces may have a reflective coating that reflects optical radiation that is not absorbed by photovoltaic material of the solar panels such that other solar panels receive the reflected light.12-30-2010
20100326522PV MODULE AND WAVELENGTH CONVERSION TYPE LIGHT TRAPPING FILM FOR PV MODULE - A photovoltaic (PV) module in which electric power generation efficiency is enhanced by enhancing light utilization rate. A encapsulant (12-30-2010
20100326521SOLAR CONCENTRATOR WITH INDUCED DIPOLE ALIGNMENT OF PIVOTED MIRRORS - This invention deals with novel method and apparatus for positioning and motion control of the elements (mirrors) of a Fresnel reflector solar concentrator tracking heliostat array by induced and/or permanent dipole coupling to an electronic grid to produce angular deflection, and rotational motion. Thus forces and torques are produced without the use of internal moving parts. Control is achieved without recourse to magnetic fields, by means of high electric fields which may be attained at relatively low voltages. At low voltages, the instant invention exceeds the capability of conventional systems. It can perform dynamic motion control with independent amplitude and frequency modulation. It is ideally suited for maximization of solar energy focused by the array onto a receiver. Since there are no internal moving parts, the instant invention is the most adapted for fabrication from the mini- to the microtechnology realm. Furthermore it provides less costly and greater ease of manufacture from the mini- to the micro-realm.12-30-2010
20110120556Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cell - Micro-protrusions, in micron-meter scale, are produced on a surface of the photovoltaic cell to produce scattering effect and multiple reflecting effect of incident light.05-26-2011
20110120555PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES AND LIGHT SCATTERING SUPERSTRATES - Photovoltaic devices having light scattering articles having a smooth surface are described herein. Glass frits on glass superstrates can provide planar surfaces for subsequent layer deposition such as TCO layers and yet provide light scattering functions within, for example, silicon tandem photovoltaic devices. Methods of making the light scattering articles with a planar surface include depositing unfilled or filled glass frits on planar or surface-textured superstrates and sintering of the glass frit. The compositions of the glass frits can be tailored to match, for example, the expansion properties and physical properties of the glass superstrates.05-26-2011
20110120554ULTRA-LOW REFLECTANCE BROADBAND OMNI-DIRECTIONAL ANTI-REFLECTION COATING - An anti-reflection coating has an average total reflectance of less than 10%, for example less than 5.9% such as from 4.9% to 5.9%, over a spectrum of wavelengths of 400-1100 nm and a range of angles of incidence of 0-90 degrees with respect to a surface normal of the anti-reflection coating. An anti-reflection coating has a total reflectance of less than 10%, for example less than 6% such as less than 4%, over an entire spectrum of wavelengths of 400-1600 nm and an entire range of angles of incidence of 0-70 degrees with respect to a surface normal of the anti-reflection coating.05-26-2011
20120260987SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is a solar cell module. The solar cell module includes a solar cell, a sealing layer configured to protect the solar cell, and a bonding layer disposed between the solar cell and the sealing layer. The bonding layer has adhesion to fix the sealing layer to the solar cell. When the sealing layer is repaired, the adhesion of the bonding layer is reduced by an external stimulation.10-18-2012
20120260986System for Switching Focus Position - A system for switching a focus position comprises a plurality of active focus-switch devices capable of changing a focal length for several times, a plurality of objects to be focused, a plurality of incident light beams passing through the active focus-switch devices and then being focused on the objects to be focused, and at least one external power supply electrically connected to the active focus-switch devices, wherein the external power supply is electrically conducted or not conducted to the active focus-switch devices, and the plural incident light beams are focused on the objects to be focused by the active focus-switch devices, or the plural incident light beams passing through the active focus-switch device are projected to the outside in form of a plurality of exit light beams parallel to the plural incident light beams.10-18-2012
20110000543SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTION AND CONVERSION SYSTEM - A solar energy collection and conversion system includes at least one mirror array, with each array including a multiplicity of mirrors, and each array of mirrors reflecting incident sunlight onto a common target. The common target serves as a collection point where the reflected sunlight energy converges and is thereby concentrated. The target comprises an energy to electricity conversion device, for example, a photovoltaic device, and/or a reservoir of material which can be heated by the incident light energy such that the energy may be subsequently extracted to generate electricity.01-06-2011
20120325314Solar Power Collection Using High-Focus-Accuracy Mirror Array - A method for harvesting solar power by concentrating sunlight onto a raised solar receiver disposed on a tower. The method involves rotating a mirror array made up of multiple flat mirrors as a unit around a vertical axis such that sunlight shines on the mirror array from a fixed apparent azimuth angle at all times during daylight hours, and controlling each mirror's pivot position to track the sun's elevation angle such that sunlight is accurately reflected onto the raised solar receiver at all times during daylight hours. In one embodiment the mirror array is disposed on a roundabout-type platform whose rotational position is controlled to track the sun's azimuth angle and the raised receiver is maintained at a substantially fixed position relative to the mirror array for all rotational positions of the platform.12-27-2012
20120325316METHOD TO EVALUATE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUBSTRATE CLEANNESS AND QUANTITY OF PIN HOLES IN AN ANTIREFLECTIVE COATING OF A SOLAR CELL - A method to determine the cleanness of a semiconductor substrate and the quantity/density of pin holes that may exist within a patterned antireflective coating (ARC) is provided. Electroplating is employed to monitor the changes in the porosity of the ARC caused by the pin holes during solar cell manufacturing. In particular, electroplating a metal or metal alloy to form a metallic grid on an exposed front side surface of a substrate also fills the pin holes. The quantity/density of metallic filled pin holes (and hence the number of pin holes) in the patterned ARC can then be determined.12-27-2012
20120325315PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERTER DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ITS MANUFACTURE - A photoelectric converter device includes a front surface glass plate, a photoelectric conversion unit formed on the front surface glass plate and serving to generate electric power in response to incidence of light, and a back surface glass plate arranged so as to cover the photoelectric conversion unit. The front surface glass plate and the back surface glass plate are fused and joined in at least a part of a peripheral portion of the glass plates.12-27-2012
20120325313Solar-Tower System With High-Focus-Accuracy Mirror Array - A solar-tower system includes a raised solar receiver disposed on a tower and a mirror array including multiple flat mirrors for reflecting sunlight onto the raised receiver. The mirror array is disposed on a carousel-type platform that is rotatable around a vertical axis, and the raised receiver is maintained at a substantially fixed position relative to the mirror array for all rotational positions of the platform. A solar azimuth tracking controller controls the platform's rotational position to track the sun's azimuth angle such that sunlight shines on the mirror array from a fixed apparent azimuth angle at all times during daylight hours. Each flat mirror pivots around a corresponding unique axis, and a solar elevation tracking controller individually controls each mirror's pivot position to track the sun's elevation angle such that sunlight is accurately reflected onto the raised solar receiver at all times during daylight hours.12-27-2012
20120266956MOUNTING ASSEMBLY FOR A SOLAR PANEL AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING THEREOF - A mounting assembly (10-25-2012
20120266957ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL WITH POLYMERIC GRATING AND RELATED DEVICES AND METHODS - A photovoltaic cell comprises first and second electrode layers, an organic photoactive layer between the first and second electrode layers, and a polymeric grating structure in the first electrode layer. The first and second electrode layers are configured to collect electrical charges from the photoactive layer and to allow light to transmit through the first electrode layer to reach the photoactive layer. The grating structure is configured to provide a grating periodicity of about 100 nm to about 500 nm and grating amplitude of about 100 nm to about 500 nm. A device comprising the photovoltaic cell is disclosed. A photovoltaic cell may be formed by printing a polymer on a substrate to form a grating structure, forming a first electrode layer on the polymeric grating structure and the substrate, forming an organic photoactive layer above the first electrode layer, and forming a second electrode layer above the photoactive layer.10-25-2012
20120318355HEAT TRANSFER DEVICE - A heat transfer device having a working fluid capable of circulating around a fluid flow path, the circulation around the fluid flow path bringing the working fluid in and out of thermal contact with a heat source, the heat transfer device comprising: a fluid containing portion internally defining a working fluid flow path; a heat source at least partially in thermal contact with the fluid containing portion; a gas substance generator at least partially within the fluid containing portion, and arranged to generate bubbles of vapor capable of driving the working fluid along a portion of the working fluid flow path in thermal contact with the heat source; wherein, in use, the driven working fluid absorbs heat from the heat source and transports the heat away from the heat source; and the driven working fluid returns to the gas substance generator to be recycled about the fluid flow path.12-20-2012
20120318352PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH REFLECTION ENHANCING LAYER - A photovoltaic device is provided. The photovoltaic device comprises an absorber layer comprising a chalcogenide material. The photovoltaic device further comprises a back contact and a reflection enhancing layer disposed between the absorber layer and the back contact.12-20-2012
20110226335SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module (09-22-2011
20120318356PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL HAVING A SUBSTRATE GLASS MADE OF ALUMINOSILICATE GLASS - A photovoltaic cell, for example a thin-film photovoltaic cell, having a substrate glass made of aluminosilicate glass, has a glass composition which has SiO12-20-2012
20110259421PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE HAVING CONCENTRATOR - A photovoltaic module with reduced size is provided. The photovoltaic module includes two wedged concentrator components and a solar cell structure. The first wedged concentrator component is positioned on the second wedged concentrator component. The solar cell structure is mounted on a quadrilateral lateral surface of the first wedged concentrator component for receiving light from the first wedged concentrator component through the quadrilateral lateral surface. The wedge structure of the concentrator components causes total internal reflection of the light on a top surface of the first wedged concentrator component when the light travels within the first wedged concentrator component from a bottom surface to the quadrilateral lateral surface. A diffractive optics element is provided in the second wedged concentrator component to contribute the total internal reflection in the first wedged concentrator component.10-27-2011
20110265873PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER-GENERATING APPARATUS - A photovoltaic power-generating apparatus comprises: a solar cell module for collecting a solar light and converting the collected solar light into an electrical energy; a frame comprising an upper frame in which the solar cell module is installed, a lower frame spaced apart from the upper frame in the downward direction, and a support frame part which interconnects the upper frame and the lower frame and has a plurality of support frames spaced apart from each other, wherein the frame enables the solar cell module to be outwardly exposed from a surface of water; a fluid delivery unit which moves the fluid from an interior of one of the support frames to an interior of another support frame in such a manner that a center of gravity of the frame changes on the water surface and a posture of the frame changes; and a control unit which caluculate the target posture of the frame for the given sun location, and controls the fluid delivery unit in accordance with a data obtained from the calculation, in such a manner that the support frames are in communication with each other or closed to each other in order to change the center of gravity of the frame.11-03-2011
20110265872SOLAR ENERGY UTILIZATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS - In a concentrated solar photoelectric system, at least one controllable radiation attenuation element (e.g., an array of controllable pixels or segments) is arranged to selectively attenuate transmission of radiation to a photoelectric element (e.g., a solar panel). Liquid crystals may provide attenuation utility without necessity for mechanical actuation. Attenuation may be controlled responsive to at least one sensor to maintain each portion of the photoelectric element at or below a maximum power conversion point. Non-planar attenuators and/or lenses may be provided. One or more thermal exchange fluid channels may be in thermal communication with the thermoelectric element.11-03-2011
20110265871SEMICONDUCTOR SOLAR CELL PACKAGE - A package for a solar cell is provided having laminates formed by stacked lead frames to form an integral package supporting a solar cell structure. Lead frames serve as a heat sink, raised portions match a cavity in a middle lead frames that contain and hold individual solar cell chips in place. Beveled interior edges of a carrier lead frame are in electrical contact with bus bars on the periphery of a suspended solar cell and form the electrical connection for the cell, maximizing current handling capability and allowing the use of spring tension and/or a bonding compound for additional connection strength and integrity. Such a “stackable” semiconductor package requires no ribbon bonding and has multiple bias options, maximum scalability, enhanced moisture resistance, and multiple attachment options for heat sink attachment.11-03-2011
20120298202SOLAR CELL ASSEMBLY I - The present invention relates to a solar cell assembly, comprising a solar cell attached to a bonding pad and a cooling substrate and wherein the bonding pad and the cooling substrate are joined to each other in a planar and flush manner such that the bonding pad and the cooling substrate are connected to each other in form of a solid state connection. The invention further relates to a solar cell assembly that includes a solar cell attached to a bonding pad and a cooling substrate and wherein the bonding pad is attached on a surface of the cooling substrate such that the bonding pad and the cooling substrate are connected to each other in form of a solid state connection. Also, a method for manufacture of such solar cell assemblies.11-29-2012
20120298201SOLAR PANEL RACKING SYSTEM - Photovoltaic modules that are collapsible and angularly adjustable are made by mounting a photovoltaic panel in a frame, with a leg joined to the frame, the leg being manually adjustable to various angles, tilting the frame at various angles relative to the horizontal by simply lifting the frame. Certain embodiments also include interlocking features that join adjacent frames to form a rectangular array of modules.11-29-2012
20100229948MAINTENANCE-FRIENDLY CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER MODULE - A concentrated solar power module including a lens, a light shield plate, a solar-powered electricity generator, and a heat-dissipating element is provided. The lens allows sunlight to be focused to a specific area and is coated with a self-cleaning material. The light shield plate is provided beneath the lens and formed with an opening for selectively admitting the sunlight focused. The solar-powered electricity generator is formed beneath the opening for receiving the sunlight penetrating the opening. The solar-powered electricity generator includes a solar cell and a secondary light transmissive member coated with a self-cleaning material and configured to hermetically seal the solar cell. The heat-dissipating element is mounted on the solar-powered electricity generator to dissipate heat generated by the solar-powered electricity generator. With the secondary light transmissive member being coated with the self-cleaning material, the concentrated solar power module is free of water condensation-induced degradation, easy to clean, and contaminant-proof.09-16-2010
20100229947Optical Element with a Reflective Surface Coating for Use in a Concentrator Photovoltaic System - An optical element for use in a concentrating photovoltaic system for converting incident solar radiation to electrical energy. The optical element may include an entry aperture for receiving light beams from a primary focusing element, and an exit aperture for transmitting light beams to a solar cell. The optical element may also include an intermediate section whereby at least some of the light beams reflect off the intermediate section and are transmitted to the solar cell. This region may be composed of a layered structure with a first material layer having a first optical characteristic, and a second material layer having a second optical characteristic. The material composition and thickness of the layers may be adapted so that the reflectivity of the light beams off the surfaces and transmitted to the solar cell optimizes the aggregate irradiance on the surface of the solar cell over the incident solar spectrum.09-16-2010
20100229946COMPOSITION FOR SOLAR CELL SEALING FILM, SOLAR CELL SEALING FILM AND SOLAR CELL USING THE SEALING FILM - [Problem to be Solved] The object of the present invention is to provide a solar cell sealing film having enhanced transparency.09-16-2010
20120318353PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE HAVING AN INTEGRATED MICRO-MIRROR AND METHOD OF FORMATION - Disclosed are a system, a method and/or an apparatus of a photovoltaic device having an integrated micro-mirror and of formation. In one embodiment, a photovoltaic structure includes a photovoltaic cell, an oxide layer formed above the photovoltaic cell, and an integrated micro-mirror formed above the oxide layer. The integrated micro-mirror may be fabricated as a flat plate reflection form in which the light energy is deflected to the underlying photovoltaic cell. Alternatively, the integrated micro-mirror may be fabricated in a concentrator form facing a solar source to concentrate a light energy of the solar source into a target region of the integrated photovoltaic cell. An array of the integrated micro-mirrors may be physically bonded to the integrated photovoltaic cell. A shape and geometry of the array of the integrated micro-mirrors may be designed to maximize an efficiency of the integrated photovoltaic cell.12-20-2012
20120279567Solar Energy System with Automatic Dehumidification of Electronics - Methods and systems for photovoltaic power generation. Humidity control for the electronics in the power converter is provided by a dehumidifier which exploits the breathing of the electronics compartment due to the temperature rise caused when insolation increases at the start of a normal day.11-08-2012
20100139769SOLAR CONCENTRATORS WITH LIGHT REDIRECTION - A solar concentrator for concentrating and communicating lower energy light than sunlight to a solar cell, having a chromophore, an optical waveguide for directing light to an optical communication region, and a light turning structure.06-10-2010
20110272026MULTILAYER SHEET, ENCAPSULANT FOR SOLAR CELL ELEMENT, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A multilayer sheet including an (A) layer containing an ethylene type zinc ionomer as a main component and a silane coupling agent, and a (B) layer containing a polyethylene-based copolymer with a melting point of 90° C. or higher as a main component and a silane coupling agent having a content ratio with respect to the resin material that is lower than a content ratio of the silane coupling agent with respect to resin material in the (A) layer, wherein the total thickness of the (A) layer and the (B) layer is from 0.1 to 2 mm. Such multilayer sheet may be superior in adhesive strength, durability and heat resistance, and obtained at a suppressed cost.11-10-2011
20110272025PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - Disclosed herein is a photovoltaic module. The photovoltaic module includes a solar cell, a polypropylene layer and a backsheet. The solar cell is capable of converting light into electricity, and has a light-receiving surface and a back surface. The polypropylene layer is disposed above the light-receiving surface of the solar cell. The polypropylene layer has a transparency of greater than 50%. The backsheet is disposed below the back surface of the solar cell.11-10-2011
20120318354PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH CHLOROSULFONATED POLYOLEFIN LAYER - A photovoltaic module is provided having an active solar cell layer having a front light receiving side and opposite rear side, with an encapsulant layer is adhered to the rear side of the active solar cell layer. The encapsulant layer comprises a first polymer film comprising 20 to 95 weight percent chlorosulfonated polyolefin such as chlorosulfonated polyethylene, and optionally an adhesive. The first polymer film of the encapsulant layer may further comprise 10 to 70 weight percent of inorganic particulates such as calcium carbonate, titanium dioxide, kaolin and clays. The first polymer film may be both a single layer encapsulant layer and back-sheet with an exposed surface.12-20-2012
20120090682Solar Cell and Manufacturing Method Thereof - A solar cell and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. The method includes forming a microstructure including a texturing on the surface of a semiconductor substrate of a first conductive type, forming a plurality of nanostructures on the surface of the semiconductor substrate, forming an emitter layer by implanting impurities of a second conductive type opposite to the first conductive type in a front face of the semiconductor substrate, forming an anti-reflective coating (ARC) on the emitter layer, forming a front electrode passing through a portion of the ARC and being coupled to the emitter layer, and forming a back electrode on a rear face of the semiconductor substrate of the first conductive type, the rear face being opposite to the face on which the front electrode is formed. A dominant light-collecting characteristic can be approached by forming nanostructures on a semiconductor substrate of a solar cell.04-19-2012
20120090681PACKAGE STRUCTURE OF CONCENTRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A package structure of a concentrated photovoltaic cell includes a ceramic baseplate whereon a cavity is formed, the cavity having two opposite internal walls respectively having staircase structures, each having an upper step and a lower step; a photovoltaic chip disposed on a bottom surface of the cavity; a first electrode circuit penetrating the ceramic baseplate and with a top end electrically connected to the photovoltaic chip; a second electrode circuit penetrating the lower steps on the two sides of the ceramic baseplate and connecting with the photovoltaic cell through bonded wires; and a transparent cover disposed on the upper steps for covering the cavity and the photovoltaic chip. A fabrication method for the aforementioned package structure is also provided. The aforementioned package structure has the advantages of being more efficient in heat dissipation and effective in protecting the photovoltaic chip.04-19-2012
20120285535SOLAR CELL MODULE - There is provided a solar cell module capable of discharging water retained on the upper surface of a solar cell panel therefrom while maintaining the mechanical strength of a frame body. This solar cell module includes a gasket including a groove to discharge the water retained on the upper surface of the solar cell panel, arranged between the solar cell panel and the frame body.11-15-2012
20120285536SOLAR CELL MODULE - The solar cell module includes a plate, a sheet opposed to the plate, a filler layer provided between the plate and the sheet, and a solar cell disposed inside the filler layer. The filler layer includes a first filler layer and a second filler layer. The first filler layer is provided to come into contact with the sheet. The first filler layer contains, as a main component, an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer. The second filler layer contains, as a main component, an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer which is smaller in vinyl acetate content than the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer contained in the first filler layer, or polyethylene.11-15-2012
20120285534BACK SIDE PROTECTIVE SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE COMPRISING THE SAME - A back side protective sheet disposed on a back side of a solar cell module and including a first film containing linear low-density polyethylene having a density greater than or equal to 0.91 g/cm11-15-2012
20120285533Construction material structure for use with solar power - A construction material structure for use with solar power includes a panel having an outer top side provided thereon with an adhesive element and connected to a bottom side of at least one solar cell via the adhesive element. The panel is a baked enamel steel plate, an aluminum plate, or a plastic plate. A thermal insulation element is disposed on an inner bottom side of the panel. The thermal insulation element is made of polyurethane (PU) foam or gypsum. The adhesive element is an Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) film or a Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB) film. Another adhesive element is disposed on a top side of the at least one solar cell. A high-transparency high-light-concentration film is disposed on the another adhesive element. A coarse face including projections is disposed on an outer surface of the high-transparency high-light-concentration film. The high-transparency high-light-concentration film is made of Teflon (TEFZEL), Polyester (PET) or Polycarbonate (PC).11-15-2012
20130008506RESIN COMPOSITION FOR ENCAPSULATING SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR MODULE - A resin composition comprising a hydrogenated block copolymer which is used for a resin composition for encapsulating a solar cell is provided. The hydrogenated block copolymer can be obtained by hydrogenating 90% or more of the total unsaturated bonds of block copolymers which comprise at least two polymer blocks [A] having an aromatic vinyl compound-origin repeating unit as the main component and at least one polymer block [B] comprising a chain-type conjugated diene compound-origin repeating unit as the main component and in which the ratio (wA:wB) of the weight fraction (wA) of the total polymer blocks [A], relative to the total block copolymer, to the weight fraction (wB) of the total polymer block [B] is 20:80 to 60:40. The resin composition has a tensile elasticity (at 23° C.) of 1.0-500 MPa and is excellent in low hygroscopicity, non-hydrolyzablity, weather resistance, transparency, adhesiveness, flexibility, and adhesive properties with glass, and can be used for encapsulating a solar cell without providing special impermeable treatment. Also provided is a solar module in which a solar cell is encapsulated with the resin composition.01-10-2013
20130008505ADJUSTABLE SOLAR POWER GENERATION APPARATUS - An adjustable solar power generation apparatus includes a solar power generation unit, a base, and a supporting bar supporting the base. The base accommodates the solar power generation unit. The supporting bar supports the base. The solar power generation unit includes a fixed lens unit and a solar cell. The fixed lens unit includes a converging lens to converge sunlight. The solar cell is located in the fixed lens unit, and is capable of moving toward or away from the converging lens to adjust the light intensity received by the solar cell.01-10-2013
20130014821PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULEAANM CHENG; Stephen Yau-SangAACI Hong KongAACO HKAAGP CHENG; Stephen Yau-Sang Hong Kong HKAANM Yip; Chui-LingAACI Hong KongAACO HKAAGP Yip; Chui-Ling Hong Kong HK - Disclosed herein is a photovoltaic module, which includes a photovoltaic member, a moisture-resistant layer, a mounting frame covering and a buffer layer. The buffer layer disposed between the moisture-resistant layer and the mounting frame, where the buffer layer is made of a material selected from the group consisting of polypropylene-based polymer, polyethylene-based polymer, polyurethane-based polymer, ethylene-vinyl acetate-based resin and a combination thereof.01-17-2013
20130014823PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module is provided. The photovoltaic module has excellent electricity generation efficiency and durability.01-17-2013
20130014822SHEET FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A sheet for a photovoltaic cell is provided. The sheet for a photovoltaic cell has excellent heat resistance, lightfastness, weather resistance, moisture resistance and insulating properties, and may improve light condensing efficiency when applied to a photovoltaic module.01-17-2013
20130019947PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT MODULE AND ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE - A photoelectric conversion element module includes a first base material, a second base material, a photoelectric conversion element having a light incident side and sealing portion and arranged between the first and second base materials, an anchoring layer adapted to anchor one of main sides of a light incident side and a side opposite to the light incident side, and one of a main side of the first and second base material opposed to one of the main sides, and a covering section adapted to cover the sealing portion. The Young's modulus of the covering section is 0 MPa or more and 20 MPa or less.01-24-2013
20130019946COOLING SHEET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES INCLUDING THE SAME - A cooling sheet for photovoltaic modules, a method of manufacturing the same, a backsheet for photovoltaic modules, a method of manufacturing the same, and a photovoltaic module are provided. The cooling sheet for photovoltaic modules which includes a resin layer can be prepared by coating or impregnating one surface of a porous substrate with a super-absorbent polymer (SAP) containing a fluid. Here, the resin layer includes the fluid-containing SAP which is formed on one surface of the porous substrate or impregnated with the porous substrate. When the cooling sheet for photovoltaic modules is attached to the outside of the weather-resistant substrate to prepare the backsheet for photovoltaic modules, it is possible to suppress an increase in power generation temperature of a photoelectric cell by evaporation of the fluid, for example water, included in the SAP, thereby improving the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic module.01-24-2013
20120241001PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH UV-STABILIZED ENCAPSULANT - The present invention relates to a photovoltaic module comprising the components: (1) a photovoltaic semiconductor and (2) one or more layers containing (A) a synthetic polymer and (B) an UV absorber of the formula (I) wherein X is a straight or branched chain C09-27-2012
20120241000SOLAR CONCENTRATOR AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF - The invention relates to a solar concentrator comprising a solid body consisting of a transparent material that has a light coupling surface and a light decoupling surface, the solid body having a light guide part that tapers towards the light decoupling surface, being located between the light coupling surface and the light decoupling surface and being delimited by a light guide surface between the light coupling surface and the light decoupling surface, the light guide surface merging into the light decoupling surface with a constant first derivation. The invention also relates to a method for the production of a solar concentrator, wherein the transparent material is precision-moulded between the moulds.09-27-2012
20080245412Cover For Solar Cells - A method for shading solar cells that are exposed to concentrated radiation is provided in order to avoid overheating.10-09-2008
20080236664Method and system for assembling a solar cell package - Method and system for assembling a solar cell package. According to an embodiment, the present invention provides a method for fabricating solar cells for a solar panel. The method includes providing a first substrate member comprising a plurality of photovoltaic strips thereon. The method also includes providing an optical elastomer material overlying a portion of the first substrate member. The method further includes aligning a second substrate member comprising a plurality of optical concentrating elements thereon such that at least one of the optical concentrating elements being operably coupled to at least one of the plurality of photovoltaic strips, the second substrate member comprising an aperture surface region and an exit surface region. In addition, the method includes coupling the first substrate member to the second substrate member to form an interface region along a first peripheral region of the first substrate member and along a second peripheral region of the second substrate member.10-02-2008
20080223442PHOTOVOLTAIC APPARATUS HAVING A FILLER LAYER AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME - Devices for converting light into electric current are provided. A representative device has an encasing structure having at least one portion transparent. The encasing structure is configured to pass light energy into an interior of the encasing structure. The device further has a photovoltaic device positioned within the interior of the encasing structure. The photovoltaic device is positioned to receive light energy. The photovoltaic device is operable to transform the light energy into electric current. The device further has a protective space material, disposed between the encasing structure and the photovoltaic device. The protective space material is operable to transmit the light energy. The protective space material is a non-solid material having a physical property such as a viscosity of less than 1×1009-18-2008
20080223441COMPACT HIGH INTENSITY SOLAR SIMULATOR - A solar simulator for testing photovoltaic cells is disclosed herein. The solar simulator includes a housing having an opening through which light is emitted. The solar simulator employs a plurality of concave cylindrical mirrors and a plurality of flat mirrors that reflect and redirect images of an illuminated light source such that an observer at a target area outside the housing will perceive multiple instances of the illuminated light source. The housing also contains a flat top cover mirror and a flat bottom cover mirror that function to reflect additional light through the opening and toward the target area.09-18-2008
20110259422THIN FILM REFLECTIVE COATING PINNING ARRANGEMENT - In one aspect of the present invention, a reflector for use in a solar collector will be described. The reflector includes a thin film reflective coating that is positioned on a layer. For example, the layer may be a substrate that physically supports the reflective coating or a protective layer. There are multiple spaced apart pinning regions that are distributed through an interface between the layer and the thin film reflective coating. The pinning regions locally anchor the reflective coating to the layer. Some aspects of the present invention relate to the use of pinning regions in other types of optical or electrical components.10-27-2011
20130174908PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module for converting light energy into electrical energy. The photovoltaic module has a convex curvature which is exposed outward. The photovoltaic module prevents sagging, which would otherwise occur due to the increased weight caused by an increase in size.07-11-2013
20130174907SEALING MATERIAL FOR SOLAR CELL MODULES, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed are a sealing material for solar cell modules and a manufacturing method thereof capable of endowing good transparency and heat resistance to the sealing material for solar cell modules while using a polyethylene-based resin. The disclosed sealing material for solar cell modules uses a polyethylene-based resin with a density of 0.900 g/cm3 or less, and an MFR between 0.1 g/10 min and 1.0 g/10 min. The sealing material is obtained by melt molding a resin composition containing a polyethylene-based resin with density 0.890 g/cm3 or less, and a polymerization initiator contained at 0.02 mass % or more but less than 0.5 mass % of the composition, wherein the density difference of the resin composition before and after the melt molding is within 0.05 g/cm3, and the MFR difference of the resin composition before and after the melt molding is 1.0 g/10 min or greater.07-11-2013
20130167926Electronic Device Module Comprising Ethylene-Alpha Olefin Tapered Block Copolymers and Optional Vinyl Silane - An electronic device module such as a solar cell is described. The electronic device module is made using a polymeric material in intimate contact with at least one surface of the electronic device, the polymeric material comprising a tapered block copolymer comprising an A block, and a B block.07-04-2013
20130167927BASE MATERIAL FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - A base material for a solar cell module includes a base material film including at least one layer and a coating layer including at least one layer and formed on one surface or both surfaces of the base material film. The coating layer is a copolymer layer obtained by curing a liquid coating film consisting of an acrylic-based resin component consisting of metal alkoxide having a first reactive functional group, an acrylic-based monomer having a second reactive functional group that reacts with the first reactive functional group, and an acrylic-based monomer without the second reactive functional group; and an ethylene-based resin component having a carboxyl group binding to the first reactive functional group of metal alkoxide and including an ethylene monomer, a vinyl acetate monomer, and a monomer of carboxylic acid vinyl esters other than vinyl acetate.07-04-2013
20130167928SOLAR CELL SEALING SHEET AND FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELL MODULE - An object of the present invention is to provide a solar cell encapsulant sheet which makes it possible to suitably produce flexible solar cell modules in which the solar cell encapsulant sheet is well adhered to a solar cell element by encapsulating a solar cell element by roll-to-roll processing in a continuous manner without the need to perform a crosslinking process and without causing wrinkles and curls. The present invention provides a solar cell encapsulant sheet including a fluoropolymer sheet and an adhesive layer that includes a maleic anhydride-modified olefin resin on the fluoropolymer sheet, the maleic anhydride-modified olefin resin being a resin in which an α-olefin-ethylene copolymer that includes 1 to 25% by weight of α-olefin units is graft-modified with maleic anhydride, and a total amount of maleic anhydride being 0.1 to 3% by weight.07-04-2013
20120247558TRANSMITTANCE ENHANCEMENT FILM AND SOLAR CELL MODULE COMPRISING THE SAME - A transmittance enhancement film is provided, which includes a substrate and a coating layer on the substrate. The coating layer includes a plurality of organic particles and a binder. The organic particles have a refractive index of less than 1.5, and the refractive index ratio of the organic particles to the binder is in the range from 0.95 to 1.05. The transmittance enhancement film of the present invention is suitable for being used in a solar cell module, and is capable of enhancing the transmittance of light, thereby improving the power generation efficiency of the solar cell module.10-04-2012
20130133744Optical Trapping For Fiber Illumination - A light collection and light guidance system including: 05-30-2013
20130112267Reinforcing Members For Photovoltaic Modules - A thin film photovoltaic module that is connectable to a terminal includes a first glass sheet defining a sun facing surface and a second glass sheet defining a back facing surface opposite the front side surface. The second glass sheet includes a feed-though opening extending through the second glass sheet. A photovoltaic material is between the first glass sheet and the second glass sheet. An encapsulant material is between the first glass sheet and the second glass sheet that bonds the first glass sheet and the second glass sheet together and seals the photovoltaic material from moisture. A conductor is electrically connected to the photovoltaic material at one end. The conductor passes through the feed-though opening. A reinforcing member is disposed on the sun facing surface of the first glass sheet. The reinforcing member has a footprint hanging over at least a portion of the feed-through opening.05-09-2013
20130112268FILM CONTAINING AN ODOURLESS FLUORINATED ACRYLIC POLYMER FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC USE - The present invention relates to a composition consisting of a fluoropolymer and a white inorganic filler, said composition being intended for the manufacture of monolayer films opaque to visible tight and to UV radiation, useable in particular in the field of photovoltaic cells. The polymeric composition consists of a fluoropolymer and zinc oxide (ZnO), said filler being present in said composition in a weight proportion of 20 to 40%, preferably 20 to 35%. The use of this filler serves on the one hand to avoid the addition of acrylic polymers to the fluoropolymer, and on the other hand, to use processing temperatures that are compatible with the manufacture of a monolayer film by extrusion blow moulding, that is, a temperature of about 220 to 260° C., thereby serving to prevent the degradation of the fluoropolymer.05-09-2013
20130092231PHOTOVOLTAIC PACKAGE - A photovoltaic package includes a substrate, a photovoltaic cell, an electric device, a cover, and an encapsulating material. The photovoltaic cell is disposed on the substrate. The electric device is disposed on the substrate and is electrically connected to the photovoltaic cell. The cover covers the substrate, the photovoltaic cell, and the electric device. The cover has a first depression formed therein. The first depression receives at least a portion of the electric device. The encapsulating material is located between the substrate and the cover. The encapsulating material at least partially encapsulates the photovoltaic cell and the electric device.04-18-2013
20130092235BACK SHEET FOR SOLAR BATTERY AND SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - Provided is a solar battery back sheet that is low in production costs, excellent in adhesive properties between individual constituting members thereof, and excellent in weather resistance and water-vapor-barrier performance. The back sheet has a laminated structure including at least three layers. A first layer is a weather-resistant polyester resin film or a fluororesin film; a second layer is a polyolefin layer made of a modified polyolefin resin yielded by grafting 1 to 30 parts by weight of an epoxy-group-containing vinyl monomer and 0.1 to 30 parts by weight of an aromatic vinyl monomer to 100 parts by weight of polyethylene, polypropylene or an ethylene/propylene copolymer, and which has a thickness of 5 to 250 μm; and a third layer is a polyester layer, a polyolefin layer, or an aluminum foil piece. The second layer and third layer have a total thickness of 30 μm or more.04-18-2013
20130092234Concentrator Array - A concentrator array is disclosed that includes a plurality of concentrators. Each concentrator has an inlet end to collect rays from a source and an output end to direct the rays at a target. A plurality of rotators are operatively associated with the plurality of concentrators to move the plurality of concentrators so that the rays are focused on the target.04-18-2013
20130092233MULTILAYER FILM WITH POLYAMIDE AND POLYESTER LAYERS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A multilayer film containing layers of polyamide and polyester, suitable as a back cover for a photovoltaic module is provided. The film comprises, in the order listed: a) a layer which comprises at least 35% by weight of polyamide; c) a layer which comprises at least 35% by weight, of a thermoplastic polyester; and e) a layer which comprises at least 35% by weightof polyamide; wherein the layers a) and e) further comprise 0.1 to 60% by weight, of a polyamine-polyamide graft copolymer, or the layer c) further comprises 0.1 to 30% by weight of polyamine-polyamide graft copolymer. The polyamine-polyamide graft copolymer comprises as copolymerized monomers: a polyamine having at least 4 nitrogen atoms and at least one polyamide-forming unit selected from the group consisting of a lactam, an ω-aminocarboxylic acid and an equimolar combinations of a diamine and a dicarboxylic acid. In another embodiment, adhesion promoting layers are placed between the layers.04-18-2013
20130092232MULTILAYER FILM HAVING POLYAMIDE AND POLYPROPYLENE LAYERS - Multilayer films of polyamide and polypropylene which have good layer adhesion and are suitable for a back cover of a solar module are provided. In a first embodiment, the multilayer film contains in the order listed: a) a layer containing at least 35% by weight, of polyamide; c) a layer containing at least 35% by weight of a polypropylene; and e) a layer containing at least 35% by weight, of polyamide; wherein the layer c) further comprises a polypropylene having acid anhydride groups or a polypropylene compatible functionalized polyolefin having functional groups to adhere the layer c) to each of layers a) and e). In a second embodiment adhesion promoter layers are present between the respective polyamide and polypropylene layers.04-18-2013
20130112270ELECTRONIC DEVICE MODULE COMPRISING AN ETHYLENE MULTI-BLOCK COPOLYMER - An electronic device module comprises: 05-09-2013
20130112272WEATHERING-RESISTANT BACKING FILMS - The invention relates to the use of non-transparent, methacrylate-containing one-, two- or multi-layered films in flexible photovoltaic systems, and to the production of said films by extrusion coating, extrusion lamination (adhesive lamination, melt lamination or hotmelt lamination) or glue lamination. For this purpose, e.g. a thin, inorganic or metallically coated film, for example made of PET, is laminated or coextruded with a weather-resistant film, e.g. a film made of PMMA or PMMA polyolefin coextrudate. In particular, laminates are produced in which at least one of the two layers is non-transparent. An optional inorganic oxide or metal layer has the property of a high barrier effect against water vapour and oxygen while the PMMA layer exhibits weather resistance stability.05-09-2013
20130098446Photovoltaic Roofing Elements and Roofs Using Them - The present invention relates generally to photovoltaic devices, and more particularly to photovoltaic roofing products in which a photovoltaic element is joined to a roofing substrate. In one embodiment, the present invention provides a photovoltaic roofing element comprising a roofing substrate; one or more photovoltaic cells disposed on the roofing substrate; and a colored or patterned layer disposed on the roofing substrate and visible in the area surrounding the photovoltaic cells; and an encapsulant layer disposed over the photovoltaic cells and the patterned colored layer.04-25-2013
20130098445Solar Power Generating Apparatus and Solar Tracking Method For Same - A solar power generating apparatus and a solar tracking method for the same. When a plurality of solar collector plates are arranged, the solar collector plates may be adjusted at certain rotation angles to maintain a high level of solar absorption efficiently with respect to shade, and errors caused by the installed positions (particularly, the installed directions) of the solar collector plates having solar cells can be compensated for, to accordingly calculate and determine adjustment angles in order to accurately rotate the solar cells or solar collector plates to a desired direction and to increase solar absorption efficiency.04-25-2013
20130125986ENCAPSULATING MATERIAL FOR SOLAR CELL - A solar cell encapsulated with an encapsulating material which is a non-crystalline or low-crystalline α-olefin-based copolymer or its composition (I). The composition (C) can contain 50 to 100 parts by weight of non-crystalline α-olefin polymer (A) which meets the following requirements: (a) the α-olefin having 3 to 20 carbon atoms is not less than 20 mol %, (b) practically no melt peak as measured by a differential scanning calorimeter is observed, and (c) the Mw/Mn is not more than 5, and 50 to 0 parts by weight of crystalline α-olefin polymer (B) (the total of (A) and (B) being 100 parts by weight). The non-crystalline or low-crystalline α-olefin copolymer may also have a crystallinity of not higher than 40% as measured by use of X rays.05-23-2013
20130125985WAVELENGTH CONVERSION TYPE PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL SEALING MATERIAL AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL MODULE - A wavelength conversion type photovoltaic cell sealing material according to the present invention includes a first sealing layer that contains no fluorescent substance and a second sealing layer that contains a fluorescent substance. This wavelength conversion type photovoltaic cell sealing material is used as one of the light transmissive layers of a photovoltaic cell module and is disposed at a light receiving surface side of a solar cell.05-23-2013
20130125983Imprinted Dielectric Structures - A method for manufacturing a photovoltaic device comprises the steps choosing a substrate with a conductive layer; depositing a non-conductive layer; imprinting a structure comprising features into the non-conductive layer; and depositing an active layer operable in the photovoltaic device; wherein the active layer is in electrical contact with the conductive layer through a feature in the imprinted layer.05-23-2013
20130139885PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - This photoelectric conversion device comprises a glass substrate (06-06-2013
20130139886HIGH PERFORMANCE ANTI-SPALL LAMINATE ARTICLE - Provided is a high performance anti-spall laminate article comprising a bi-layer polymeric composite. The bi-layer composite includes a polymeric sheet and a poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) film laminated to each other. The PET film has a tensile modulus of about 600,000 psi or higher in both the machine direction (MD) and the transverse direction (TD), a shock brittleness index of about 55 Joules or higher in the machine direction and about 25 joules or higher in the transverse direction, and a percent elongation at break (EOB) of about 110-160 in the machine direction and about 60-110 in the transverse direction.06-06-2013
20130167925Mounting System for Photovoltaic Modules Having an Integrated Thermal Solar System - The invention relates to a mounting system, which is configured for mounting at least one photovoltaic module (07-04-2013
20110209759ARCHITECTURE FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY POLYMER PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS USING AN OPTICAL SPACER - High efficiency polymer photovoltaic cells have been fabricated using an optical spacer between the active layer and the electron-collecting electrode. Such cells exhibit approximately 50% enhancement in power conversion efficiency. The spacer layer increases the efficiency by modifying the spatial distribution of the light intensity inside the device, thereby creating more photogenerated charge carriers in the bulk heterojunction layer.09-01-2011
20130146140DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - In one aspect, a dye-sensitized solar cell is provided including: first and second substrates disposed to face each other; and a sealing material disposed between the first and second substrates and defining at least one photoelectric cell that performs photoelectric conversion, wherein the photoelectric cell includes: a first region; and a second region spatially connected to the first region and having higher transparency than the first region, wherein the first region performs photoelectric conversion of light incident through the first region and light incident through the second region.06-13-2013
20130146141SMALL CORE/LARGE SHELL SEMICONDUCTOR NANOCRYSTALS FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE LUMINESCENT SOLAR CONCENTRATORS AND WAVELENGTH DOWNSHIFTING - An article of manufacture and method for making a luminescent solar concentrator or a wavelength shifting device. The article includes a light guide or optical medium with a luminescent material disposed therein or deposited on the surface. The luminescent material is formulated to absorb incoming radiation and wavelength shift that radiation to a larger wavelength for processing and use, and to minimize reabsorption of the shifted radiation by the luminescent material.06-13-2013
20110220203POLYESTER RESIN COMPOSITION, METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME, POLYESTER FILM, AND SOLAR CELL POWER GENERATION MODULE - A polyester resin composition including: a polyester resin; a titanium compound derived from a catalyst; and a phosphorous compound, wherein formula (1): 0.1009-15-2011
20110240122Compact solar apparatus for producing electricity and method of producing electricity using a compact solar apparatus - The present invention relates to a compact solar module (CSM) apparatus and a method of producing electricity using such an apparatus in residential buildings for example. One embodiment of the module is made of two arrays of 2×4 solar cells, each array having a surface area of 36 square inches for example. Each array covers an area of 1×2 square ft, generating combined power of 52.8 Watts. One CSM consists of 2×8 sub-CSM assembled back-to-back, generating a total of 422.8 Watts, and having the assembled dimension of 27.5″×8′×7.6″. The compact feature of solar module relies on sunray transmission to the solar cells and their illumination through optical fibers and sets of concave and convex mirrors & lenses. To illuminate the entire surface of a photocell, an array of 2×2 mirrors/fibers arranged in a square configuration, are utilized. This configuration optimizes material usage, cost effectiveness and provides greater sun energy for PV cells illumination.10-06-2011
20110226334SOLAR MODULE SEALANT - A sealant composition which may be applied between two substrates in a solar panel provides consistent rheology, high weatherability, acts as a moisture barrier, and has low conductivity. The sealant composition preferably includes a rubber component, at least one rheology modifier, an adhesion promoter, a flow modifier, a stabilizer, and a high level of carbon black.09-22-2011
20110226333Opaque fluoropolymer composition comprising white pigments for photovoltaic elements of solar cells - A fluoropolymer composition having a total luminous transmittance (TT) of less than 15%, when measured according to ASTM D1003 on a sample having a thickness of about 50 μm, said composition comprising: at least one hydrogen-containing fluoropolymer [polymer (A)]; from 5 to 80% by weight of (A) of at least one inorganic pigment [pigment (I)]; and from 1 to 99% by weight of (I) of at least one per(halo)fluoropolymer chosen among tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) copolymers having a dynamic viscosity at a shear rate of 1 rad×sec09-22-2011
20110226331STIMULATED EMISSION LUMINESCENT LIGHT-GUIDE SOLAR CONCENTRATORS - A solar concentrator comprising: A luminescent layer having luminescent particles capable of becoming excited by absorbing solar light of a first absorption frequency and, once excited, being capable of being stimulated to emit luminescent light at a first emission frequency. A light source for generating a pump light of the first emission frequency for stimulating the excited luminescent particles having absorbed solar light such that when the pump light traveling in a direction of travel stimulates the luminescent particles having absorbed solar light at the first absorption frequency the luminescent particles emit luminescent light at the first emission frequency in the direction of travel of the pump light, intensifying the pump light. A light guide adjacent to and optically coupled with the luminescent layer, the light-guide for assisting in guiding the intensified pump light via total internal reflection to a light collection area.09-22-2011
20120255611SOLAR MODULE AND COEXTRUDATE ELEMENT - The invention relates to a solar module having at least one solar cell, which is arranged between a front cover and a rear cover, and the front cover enables the passage of light to the solar cell. The solar module includes a rear cover having an at least two-layer, halogen-free coextrudate element which has a first thermoplastic layer facing the solar cell and a second thermoplastic layer facing away from the solar cell. The first thermoplastic layer includes a first filling material, which has a reflectivity that is higher than the reflectivity of the thermoplastic of the first thermoplastic layer, and the second thermoplastic layer includes a second filling material which has a higher thermal conductivity than the thermoplastic of the second thermoplastic layer.10-11-2012
20100307586REFLECTIVE FREE-FORM KOHLER CONCENTRATOR - One example of a solar photovoltaic concentrator has a primary mirror with multiple free-form panels, each of which forms a Köhler integrator with a respective panel of a lenticular secondary lens. The Köhler integrators are folded by a common intermediate mirror. The resulting plurality of integrators all concentrate sunlight onto a common photovoltaic cell. Luminaires using a similar geometry are also described.12-09-2010
20100307585PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES WITH FILMS CONTAINING PLASTICISERS HAVING LOW TENDENCY TO CREEP - The invention relates to the use of films containing plasticiser and based on polyvinyl acetal with a polyvinyl alcohol content in the polyvinyl acetal of less than 18% by weight and low creep tendency to produce photovoltaic modules.12-09-2010
20100307584SOLAR ELEMENT WITH INCREASED EFFICIENCY AND METHOD FOR INCREASING EFFICIENCY - A solar element with increased efficiency and also a method for increasing the efficiency of a solar cell are provided. The solar cell comprises a luminescent element, an upconverter, and also at least one selectively reflecting structure.12-09-2010
20120273042METHOD FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF A TUNNEL JUNCTION IN A SOLAR CELL STRUCTURE - A method of forming a tunnel junction in a solar cell structure alternates between depositing a Group III material and depositing a Group V material on the solar cell structure.11-01-2012
20120273041LIGHT CONCENTRATOR WITH TAPERED DICHROIC MATERIALS - Apparatus and methods are provided for use with solar energy. A substrate is defined by a parabolic cross-sectional shape or portion there of. A surface treatment having plural layers of dichroic materials is formed on the substrate. The layers are tapered in thickness, increasing from about a lower edge to about an upper edge. A spectral band of incident photonic energy is concentrated on a target by way of the surface treatment. The spectral band is consistent for a range of angles of incidence to the surface treatment.11-01-2012
20100313956ENCAPSULATING MATERIAL FOR SOLAR CELL - A solar cell encapsulated with an encapsulating material which is a non-crystalline or low-crystalline α-olefin-based copolymer or its composition (I). The composition (C) can contain 50 to 100 parts by weight of non-crystalline α-olefin polymer (A) which meets the following requirements: (a) the α-olefin having 3 to 20 carbon atoms is not less than 20 mol %, (b) practically no melt peak as measured by a differential scanning calorimeter is observed, and (c) the Mw/Mn is not more than 5, and 50 to 0 parts by weight of crystalline α-olefin polymer (B) (the total of (A) and (B) being 100 parts by weight). The non-crystalline or low-crystalline α-olefin copolymer may also have a crystallinity of not higher than 40% as measured by use of X rays.12-16-2010
20100313954Concentrated Photovoltaic System Receiver for III-V Semiconductor Solar Cells - According to an embodiment, a solar cell receiver for converting solar energy to electricity includes a ceramic substrate, a solar cell and a heat sink. The ceramic substrate has a first metallized surface and an opposing second metallized surface. The first metallized surface of the ceramic substrate has separated conductive regions. The solar cell has a conductive first surface connected to a first one of the conductive regions of the ceramic substrate and an opposing second surface having a conductive contact area connected to a second one of the conductive regions. The heat sink is bonded to the second metallized surface of the ceramic substrate with a thermally conductive attach media, such as a metal-filled epoxy adhesive or solder.12-16-2010
20100313953NANO-STRUCTURED SOLAR CELL - A solar cell includes a first electrode and an array of ordered electron conductive nanostructure films electrically coupled to and supported by the first electrode. A plurality of quantum dot absorbers are attached to the electrically conductive nanostructure films. A hole conducting material is diffused between the electron conductive nanostructure films, and a second electrode is electrically coupled to the hole conducting material.12-16-2010
20110232757PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module has an opening through which rainwater and waste matter are discharged. The photovoltaic module includes a front substrate, a rear substrate disposed opposite to the front substrate, a solar cell disposed between the front substrate and the rear substrate, and a frame surrounding edges of the front substrate and the rear substrate, the frame being formed or substantially formed in a rectangular shape, the frame having at least one opening formed at a short side or long side thereof.09-29-2011
20110232756DESIGNING THE HOST OF NANO-STRUCTURED OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES TO IMPROVE PERFORMANCE - A nanostructured optoelectronic device is provided which comprises a nanostructured material and a host material intermingled with the nanostructured material. The host material may have a higher index of refraction than the nanostructured material. The host material's index of refraction may be chosen to maximize the effective active area of the device. In an alternative embodiment, the host material comprises scattering centers or absorption/luminescence centers which absorb light and reemit the light at a different energy or both.09-29-2011
20110232755PHOTOVOLTAIC APPARATUS HAVING A FILLER LAYER AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME - Devices for converting light into electric current are provided. A representative device has an encasing structure having at least one portion transparent. The encasing structure is configured to pass light energy into an interior of the encasing structure. The device further has a photovoltaic device positioned within the interior of the encasing structure. The photovoltaic device is positioned to receive light energy. The photovoltaic device is operable to transform the light energy into electric current. The device further has a protective space material, disposed between the encasing structure and the photovoltaic device. The protective space material is operable to transmit the light energy. The protective space material is a non-solid material having a physical property such as a viscosity of less than 1×1009-29-2011
20130153029METHODS OF SUPPORTING A TRANSPARENT SUBSTRATE OF A THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - Methods are generally provided for adhering a support insert within a connection aperture defined in an encapsulating substrate of a photovoltaic device that has a first lead. The connection aperture generally has a perimeter defined by an aperture wall of the encapsulating substrate. The method can, in one particular embodiment, include threading the first lead through the connection aperture; and positioning a support insert within the connection aperture such that the first lead is still able to extend through the connection aperture. The support insert can generally define a channel within its construction that extends from a channel opening in the support insert to an exit port. An adhesive composition can be injected into the channel opening such that a first amount of the adhesive composition flows through the channel and out of the exit port to bond the support insert within the connection aperture.06-20-2013
20130153030ENCAPSULATED FLEXIBLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND CORRESPONDING MANUFACTURING METHOD - The disclosure relates to an encapsulated flexible electronic device comprising a flexible electronic device, wherein the flexible electronic device is protected by a protective coating layer, a first cover sheet and a second cover sheet being made of patterned and developed dry photoresist films. The encapsulated flexible electronic device may be used to directly realize different type of electronic devices, such as smart sensor devices.06-20-2013
20130153031PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH AN ANTI-REFLECTIVE SURFACE AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING SAME - A photovoltaic device comprising a substrate which has a porous first surface and a transparent conductive oxide layer located on a second surface opposite the first surface. A method of manufacturing the device is also described.06-20-2013
20130180588HIGH TO ULTRAHIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYETHYLENE BACKSHEETS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES AND METHODS RELATING THERETO - Generally, solar cell backsheets may include high to ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene. Advantageously, said backsheets may be single layer structures. Said backsheets may be used in conjunction with photovoltaic devices, photovoltaic modules, photovoltaic arrays, or components thereof. Said backsheets may be formed by methods including compression molding, compression molding then skiving, RAM extrusion, screw extrusion, band sintering, and hybrids thereof.07-18-2013
20110284076CONCENTRATOR PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A concentrator photovoltaic device includes: an optical concentrator; a solar battery cell; a homogenizer; a sealant; and a light transmission preventing layer. The homogenizer has a trapezoidal shape in which a sectional area at the optical concentrator side is larger than a sectional area at the solar battery cell side, a relationship of n11-24-2011
20130118584SOLAR CELL SEALING MATERIAL, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE PREPARED BY USING SAME - Provided are a solar cell encapsulant material which facilitates production of solar cell modules, which does not require a crosslinking step and which is excellent in heat resistance and others, and a solar cell module produced by the use of the encapsulant material. The solar cell encapsulant material comprises a resin composition (C) that contains an olefin-based polymer (A) satisfying the following requirement (a) and an olefin-based polymer (B) satisfying the following requirement (b). (a) The crystal melting peak temperature of the polymer, as measured at a heating rate of 10° C./min in differential scanning calorimetry, is lower than 100° C. (b) The extrapolated onset temperature of melting of the polymer, as measured at a heating rate of 10° C./min in differential scanning calorimetry, is 100° C. or higher.05-16-2013
20110303287SOLAR CELL MODULE AND EDGE SEALING METHOD THEREOF - A solar cell module and an edge sealing method thereof are provided. The edge sealing method includes the following steps: providing a solar cell unit, which sequentially has an upper glass substrate, an intermediate and a lower glass substrate; heating and softening glass materials and fill the glass materials fully in a clearances between edges of the upper glass substrate and edges of the lower glass substrate; and cooling down the glass materials, such that the glass materials are formed into one piece with the upper glass substrate and the lower glass substrate and seal the intermediate.12-15-2011
20110303286Solar cell module - A solar cell module includes a metal plate, a solar cell that is fixed to the metal plate with sealing members interposed therebetween, and a surface protective film that covers the solar cell. A cutting process is performed on an outer portion of the solar cell, and the cut surface is covered with a non-solvent-based resin material. The solar cell module has a rectangular shape and the corners thereof are cut in an L-shape. Protruding piece portions formed by the cut-out portions are bent such that the solar cell module has a box shape.12-15-2011
20110303285SOLAR MODULE SUPPORT AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar module support with at least one switching circuit is provided. When a solar cell module is plugged in a solar module socket of the solar module support, the switching circuit is turned off. When the solar cell module is pulled out from the solar module socket, the switching circuit is turned on. Current originally flows through the solar cell module can flows through the switching circuit alternatively, when the solar cell module is detached from the solar module support.12-15-2011
20110303284GLASS BARRIER FOR DIODE ASSEMBLIES - A method and apparatus for protecting a diode assembly of a photovoltaic module from compressive forces, tensile forces, and solder migration by providing at least one localized glass barrier are provided. According to various embodiments, a photovoltaic module including a first encasing layer, a second encasing layer, at least one photovoltaic cell disposed between the first and second encasing layers, at least one shielded diode assembly disposed on the at least one photovoltaic cell and electrically connected to the at least one photovoltaic cell, and a pottant disposed between the at least one photovoltaic cell and the second encasing layer is provided. A localized glass barrier may be used to shield the diode assembly.12-15-2011
20110308612THIN FILM SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin film solar cell includes: a thin film-like substrate; an electrode arranged on the substrate; a photoelectric conversion layer stacked on the electrode; a transparent conductive film arranged on the photoelectric conversion layer; diffraction recessed portions provided periodically on a photoelectric conversion layer-side surface of the electrode; and reflection preventing recessed portions provided periodically on a photoelectric conversion layer-side surface of the transparent conductive film.12-22-2011
20110308611SOLAR-LIGHT CONCENTRATION APPARATUS - A photovoltaic solar-light concentration apparatus comprises a focusing layer having a plurality of focusing elements disposed adjacent to each other. A waveguide optically coupled and separated from the focusing layer has an exit surface and a plurality of deflecting elements. Each of the deflecting elements receives a band shaped solar-light beam from a corresponding focusing element. The deflecting elements are shaped and disposed so as to deflect and trap the solar-light beams inside the waveguide at an angle that insures total internal reflection. This concentrated solar-light is conveyed along a main direction perpendicular to the exit surface towards a single or multi junction photovoltaic cell coupled to the waveguide via a secondary optical element. The multi junction PV cell is customized to respond to the spectral light emerging from the waveguide as changed by the partial absorption through the optics that is molded of a plastic resin.12-22-2011
20110308610SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MODIFYING AN ARTICLE AND A MODIFIED ARTICLE - A system and method for modifying an article to increase resistance to crack propagation are disclosed. The method includes providing a system, positioning one or more lasers, and directing a predetermined energy to a topographical feature on a surface of an article.12-22-2011
20110308609OPTICAL FEATURES FOR SOLAR CELLS - Reflectors formed in front of a solar cell reduce loss from reflections from specular conductors formed in front of the photovoltaic material in the solar cell by reflecting light otherwise incident upon the conductors onto the photovoltaic material. In one embodiment, a solar cell includes a photovoltaic material having a front surface, a conductive bus line extending along a first direction, the conductive bus line being disposed over the front surface of the photovoltaic material, a primary reflector disposed on the bus line, the primary reflector comprising a first reflective surface obtusely angled relative to the front surface of the photovoltaic material to reflect light onto the photovoltaic material, and a first secondary reflector extending along the first direction, spaced apart from the conductive bus line, the first secondary reflector comprising at least one reflective surface to reflect a portion of light reflected from the primary reflector towards the photovoltaic material.12-22-2011
20130186467MOLD HAVING FINE UNEVEN STRUCTURE IN SURFACE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ARTICLE HAVING FINE UNEVEN STRUCTURE IN SURFACE, USE OF ARTICLE, LAMINATED BODY EXPRESSING IRIS COLOR, AND SURFACE-EMITTING BODY - A mold having an uneven structure is provided, wherein surface roughness Ra of the uneven structure, a maximum value Ra′(max) and a minimum value Ra′(min) of line roughness Ra′ satisfy the following Expression (1).07-25-2013
20120017989Metal and metal oxide surface texturing - A method of texturing a metal provides a metal with a thickness of 50 to 400 μm. The metal is anodized, etched and then textured in a first texturing step to produce a first textured surface of the metal. A textured metal is produced with a dimpled surface of dimples with diameters of 5 nm to 2 and a depth of from 2 nm to 2 μm.01-26-2012
20120017988PYRAMIDAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL THIN-FILM SOLAR CELLS - A pyramidal three-dimensional thin-film solar cell, comprising a pyramidal three-dimensional thin-film solar cell substrate comprising a plurality of pyramid-shaped unit cells with emitter junction regions and doped base regions, emitter metallization regions and base metallization regions. Optionally, the pyramidal three-dimensional thin-film solar cell may be mounted on a rear mirror for improved light trapping and conversion efficiency.01-26-2012
20120017987SOLAR CELL APPARATUS - A solar cell apparatus includes a heat sink and a solar cell panel. The heat sink includes a base, a fin set, and a heat pipe thermally connecting the fin set and the base. The solar cell panel is attached on a top face of the heat sink. A fixing bracket supports the heat sink and holds a lens above the heat sink for focusing sunlight on the solar cell panel.01-26-2012
20130192674PROTECTIVE SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The present invention can provide a protective sheet for a solar cell module that is able to adequately ensure adhesive strength between a base film and a fluororesin layer over a long period of time, and a solar cell module provided therewith.08-01-2013
20120024376METHOD FOR PRODUCING RESIN COMPOSITION FOR SOLAR CELL SEALING MATERIAL, RESIN COMPOSITION FOR SOLAR CELL SEALING MATERIAL, SOLAR CELL SEALING MATERIAL, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - An object of the present invention is to provide a method for producing a resin composition for solar cell sealing material which is capable of lowering a cost by shortening of a processing time and has good storage stability. Further, another object of the present invention is to provide a solar cell sealing material having excellent transparency due to no generation of lumps therein by using the obtained resin composition for solar cell sealing material. A method for producing a resin composition for solar cell sealing material according to the present invention includes: preparing an ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (A) containing a vinyl acetate unit in an amount of 25 to 35 wt % and a crosslinking agent (B), whose impregnation weight with respect to 1 g of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (A) per 24 hours at a temperature of 23° C. is in the range of 40 to 80 mg, as raw components; and impregnating the crosslinking agent (B) into the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (A) at a temperature of 15 to 80° C.02-02-2012
20120024374Solar energy concentrator - A solar concentrator assembly comprises a segmented wave-guide assembly, a reflective mirror assembly, and an optical target-providing unit. A segmented waveguide assembly comprises a plurality of wave-guide segments, each segment comprising a set of surfaces disposed so as to support TIR propagation of solar energy and a turn mirror affixed thereto and disposed to receive solar energy from a mirror of the reflective mirror assembly and reflect said solar energy into the wave-guide segment at angles compatible with TIR propagation. The reflective mirror assembly comprises a plurality of mirrors each being aligned to reflect the solar energy to a turn mirror affixed to each wave-guide segment. The optical target providing unit converts solar energy from the light propagated in the wave-guide assembly to a different form of energy.02-02-2012
20130199612HYDROPHOBIC SUBSTRATE WITH ANTI-REFLECTIVE PROPERTY METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME - Provided are a hydrophobic antireflective substrate, a method for manufacturing the same, and a solar cell module including the same. The hydrophobic antireflective substrate includes: a substrate; a nanostructured layer having nanostructured portions formed on the substrate and nanoporous portions formed between the nanostructured portions; and a hydrophobic coating film formed on the nanostructured portions. The method for manufacturing a hydrophobic antireflective substrate includes: forming a nanostructured layer having nanostructured portions and nanoporous portions formed between the nanostructured portions on a substrate; and forming a hydrophobic coating film on the nanostructured portions. In the hydrophobic antireflective substrate disclosed herein, a porous nanostructured layer is formed on the substrate and a hydrophobic coating film is formed on the nanostructured layer, so that the hydrophobic antireflective substrate has ultra-hydrophobic property corresponding to a large water droplet contact angle.08-08-2013
20120085408SOLAR MODULE SEALANT - A sealant composition which may be applied between two substrates in a solar panel provides consistent rheology, high weatherability, acts as a moisture barrier, and has low conductivity. The sealant composition preferably includes a rubber component, at least one rheology modifier, an adhesion promoter, a flow modifier, a stabilizer, and a high level of carbon black.04-12-2012
20130206230Hermetically Sealed Electronic Device Using Solder Bonding - Solder can be used to wet and bind glass substrates together to ensure a hermetic seal that superior (less penetrable) than conventional polymeric (thermoplastic or thermoplastic elastomer) seals in electric and electronic applications.08-15-2013

Patent applications in class With concentrator, housing, cooling means, or encapsulated