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Panel or array

Subclass of:

136 - Batteries: thermoelectric and photoelectric

136243000 - PHOTOELECTRIC

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
136246000 With concentrator, orientator, reflector, or cooling means 965
136251000 Encapsulated or with housing 636
136249000 Monolithic semiconductor 110
136245000 Lightweight and collapsible or foldable 59
136250000 Particulate or spherical semiconductor 10
Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20110174356SOLAR CELL BACK SURFACE PROTECTIVE FILM, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE PROVIDED WITH SAME - The back surface protective film for solar cell of the present invention is provided with a first resin layer obtained using a first thermoplastic resin composition which is prepared by melt-kneading a starting composition containing a first thermoplastic resin and a silane coupling agent. The back surface protective film may be provided with other resin layer bonding to the first resin layer. The thickness thereof is preferably in the range from 10 to 1,000 μm. The solar cell module of the present invention is provided with the back surface protective film for solar cell.07-21-2011
20110174355SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE WITH ONE-SIDED CONNECTIONS - A solar cell, in particular for connecting to a solar cell module, including at least one metallic base contact, at least one metallic emitter contact (07-21-2011
20130025648SOLAR CELL ASSEMBLY - A solar cell assembly includes a plurality of solar cells that are electrically connected to one another to forma series connection and that are aligned along an alignment direction. Each of the solar cells has opposite first and second end portions that are opposite to each other in the alignment direction. The first end portion of a subsequent one of the solar cells in the series connection is stacked on and is electrically connected to the second end portion of a preceding one of the solar cells in the series connection.01-31-2013
20110197945ELECTRICALLY PARALLEL CONNECTION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES IN A STRING TO PROVIDE A DC VOLTAGE TO A DC VOLTAGE BUS - An arrangement comprising at least a first photovoltaic module and a second photovoltaic module in a string is disclosed. The first photovoltaic module and second photovoltaic module are electrically connected in parallel and arranged to provide a DC voltage to a voltage bus. Also, an electrical connecting device configured for connecting to a photovoltaic module is disclosed. The electrical connecting device comprises first and second contacts for receiving a first DC voltage from the photovoltaic module and third and fourth contacts configured for electrically parallel connection to a DC voltage bus for providing a second DC voltage, dependent on the first DC voltage, to the DC voltage bus.08-18-2011
20130133718Photovoltaic Devices Using Semiconducting Nanotube Layers - Photovoltaic (PV) devices employing layers of semiconducting carbon nanotubes as light absorption elements are disclosed. In one aspect a layer of p-type carbon nanotubes and a layer of n-type carbon nanotubes are used to form a p-n junction PV device. In another aspect a mixed layer of p-type and n-type carbon nanotubes are used to form a bulk hetero-junction PV device. In another aspect a metal such as a low work function metal electrode is formed adjacent to a layer of semiconducting nanotubes to form a Schottky barrier PV device. In another aspect various material deposition techniques well suited to working with nanotube layers are employed to realize a practical metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) PV device. In another aspect layers of metallic nanotubes are used to provide flexible electrode elements for PV devices. In another aspect layers of metallic nanotubes are used to provide transparent electrode elements for PV devices.05-30-2013
20120160298PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERTER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE - A photoelectric converter in which an intermediate layer is provided between a first photoelectric-conversion-layer including a first p-type-semiconductor-layer and a first n-type-semiconductor-layer and a second photoelectric-conversion-layer including a second p-type-semiconductor-layer and a second n-type-semiconductor-layer. The intermediate layer includes an n-type-transparent conductive-oxide-film in contact with the first n-type-semiconductor-layer and a p-type-transparent-conductive oxide-film in contact with the second p-type-semiconductor-layer respectively having a bandgap equal to or higher than 1.5 electron volts. A width of a low carrier concentration region in a film thickness direction, in which a concentration of a free carrier formed near at least one of an interface on which the p-type-transparent-conductive-oxide-film comes into contact with the n-type-transparent-conductive-oxide-film and an interface on which the p-type-transparent-conductive-oxide-film comes into contact with the second p-type-semiconductor-layer is equal to or lower than 1×1006-28-2012
20120160295SOLAR CELL CLASSIFICATION METHOD - A method for characterizing the electronic properties of a solar cell to be used in a photovoltaic module comprises the steps of performing a room temperature IV curve measurement of the solar cell and classifying the solar cell based on this IV curve measurement. In order to take stress-related effects into account, the solar cells are reclassified depending on the result of an additional measurement conducted on the solar cells under stress. This stress-related measurement may be gained from light induced thermography (LIT) yielding information on diode shunt areas within the solar cell.06-28-2012
20100071751PHOTO-INDUCED METAL-INSULATOR-TRANSITION MATERIAL COMPLEX FOR SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE COMPRISING THE SAME - Provided are a photo-induced metal-insulator-transition (MIT) material complex for a solar cell which can be used to manufacture highly efficient solar cells with more carriers than an impurity solar cell, and a solar cell including the MIT material complex, and a solar cell module. The solar cell includes: a substrate; a lower electrode formed on the substrate; a photo-induced MIT material complex formed on the lower electrode, wherein electrons and holes are formed when light is incident on n-type and p-type metal conductors that are bonded to each other, and the electrons and holes in an intrinsic energy level or gap become carriers, and a potential difference is generated; an anti-reflection layer formed on the MIT material complex; and an upper electrode that is formed to pass through the anti-reflection layer and to contact the MIT material complex. The n-type and p-type metal conductors are MIT materials which are insulators (or semiconductors) that have a metallic electronic structure at room temperature and also intrinsic energy levels, and an odd number of electrons or holes are in their outermost electron shell of the metallic electronic structure of the MIT materials. When an intrinsic energy level of the solar cell is broken, a greater number of carriers are induced than the number of carriers induced from an impurity level of a semiconductor. Accordingly, the solar cell has more carriers than carriers induced from an impurity level of a semiconductor solar cell.03-25-2010
20130025649BLUE LIGHT EMITTER WITH SINGLET HARVESTING EFFECT FOR USE IN OLEDS AND OTHER ORGANIC-ELECTRONIC DEVICES - The invention relates to the use of a platinum-dicyano-bisisocyanide complex cluster, having a small ΔE distance, in particular between 500 cm01-31-2013
20130025650PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Provided are a photovoltaic power generating apparatus and a method of manufacturing the apparatus. The photovoltaic power generating apparatus includes a substrate, a first backside electrode, a second backside electrode, and a separator. The first backside electrode is disposed on the substrate. The second backside electrode is disposed on the substrate and is spaced apart from the first backside electrode. The separator is disposed between the first backside electrode and the second backside electrode.01-31-2013
20130025647IMPACT RESISTANT DEVICE COMPRISING AN OPTICAL LAYER - An impact resistant device includes an optical layer and electronics. The optical layer and electronics are comprised in a flexible foil structure which is supported by a backing structure in mechanical contact on a backside of the flexible foil structure. The backing structure includes a deformable material having a viscous response in a critical range, which critical range is defined for a given front impact event by a pressure threshold (σ01-31-2013
20130025646PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH IMPROVED DEAD CELL CONTACT - The photovoltaic device can also include an insulating layer (e.g., an insulating material strip) beneath said first lead and said second lead, which may extend over the dead cell, extend over only a portion of the dead cell (i.e., the insulating layer does not extend over the entire width of the dead cell), or does not extend over the dead cell at all (e.g., ending at the scribe line separating the dead cell from the plurality of serially connected solar cells). When the insulating layer extends over at least a portion of the dead cell, the solder layer can extend over the insulating layer. Methods are also generally provided for manufacturing a photovoltaic device.01-31-2013
20130025645Asymmetric cell design in solar panels and manufacturing method thereof - A thin film photovoltaic module having a plurality of interconnected submodules and a manufacturing method thereof have been disclosed in the present invention. Each submodule has a front electrode layer, a semiconductor layer, and a back electrode layer which have separating lines in each case for forming series-connected photovoltaic cells. The outer cells of two adjacent submodules are united into a single common tap cell for current collection. The separating lines of the two adjacent submodules are disposed mirror-asymmetrically with respect to a perpendicular bisector of the common tap cell. According to the present invention, the thin film photovoltaic module can prevent leakage current and power drop.01-31-2013
20100051084ROLLABLE PHOTOVOLTAIC COMPOSITE AND A SOLAR PROTECTION DEVICE WITH SUCH A COMPOSITE - The subject matter of this present invention is a rollable photovoltaic composite, used in particular for solar protection, which includes at least one flexible photovoltaic panel and at least one textile panel, on the outside face of which is laminated the said photovoltaic panel by means of a first connecting layer, characterised in that, in the transverse direction to that in which it is to be rolled, and at any level of the photovoltaic panel, it has a thickness that is more-or-less constant, including one or more zones of reduced thickness, the said thickness corresponding to the thickness of the textile panel possibly covered with a film on its inside face, and in that the width is no more than 8 centimetres, so as to eliminate the formation of folds during rolling or in the deployed position.03-04-2010
20090194144SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A wiring member is arranged to have a protruding portion extending beyond a bonding layer at its end in the extending direction08-06-2009
20090194143Photovoltaic Arrays, Systems and Roofing Elements Having Parallel-Series Wiring Architectures - The present invention relates generally to the photovoltaic generation of electrical energy. The present invention relates more particularly to photovoltaic arrays, systems and roofing products in which a plurality of photovoltaic elements are electrically interconnected. One aspect of the present invention is a photovoltaic array including a plurality of pods of photovoltaic elements, the pods being electrically interconnected in series, each pod comprising a plurality of photovoltaic elements electrically interconnected in parallel, the photovoltaic elements of each pod having voltages within 20% of one another and at least one photovoltaic element of each pod having an amperage at least 20% greater than the amperage of another photovoltaic element of the pod.08-06-2009
20100043859Composite Comprising Array of Needle-Like Crystal, Method for Producing the Same, Photovoltaic Conversion Element, Light Emitting Element, and Capacitor - A composite of a base and an array of needle-like crystals formed on a surface of the base is provided, in which the base side and the opposite side to the base with respect to the array can be isolated in a satisfactory manner. A composite 02-25-2010
20100083997QUANTUM WELL GaP/Si TANDEM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - Two junction solar energy conversion devices, i.e. photovoltaic cells have a bottom silicon N+/P/P+ photovoltaic cell and an upper GaP N+/P/P+ photovoltaic cell containing quantum well layers which extend the wavelength range over which the GaP cell absorbs light. The quantum well layers are composed of materials other than Gallium Phosphide (GaP) and may be either pseudomorphic or metamorphic. Light trapping may be incorporated at the top surface of the GaP photovoltaic cell along with anti-reflective coatings, and light trapping may be incorporated on the bottom surface of the silicon cell. The bottom surface of the silicon photovoltaic cell is coated with a passivating dielectric layer and electrical contact to the silicon is made with conductive vias extending through the passivating layer.04-08-2010
20090266398Method and Apparatus to Form Back Contacts to Flexible CIGS Solar Cells - An apparatus for and a method of interconnecting at least two solar cells using contact areas which are formed on the conductive substrates of the solar cells is described. The contact areas are formed by a material removal process which removes high resistance surface layers of the conductive substrates at the contact areas. A stringing process serially interconnects the solar cells by connecting each contact area that is cleared of high resistance surface layer to the terminal of one of the adjacent solar cells.10-29-2009
20110192443Electrical Connection and Support Assembly for a Photovoltaic Cell Having Rear Contacts, A Photovoltaic Module Including Such an Assembly, and a method of Fabricating Such a Module - This electrical connection assembly is used for a photovoltaic cell (08-11-2011
20110192442PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH EMBEDDED JUNCTION BOX AND PHOTOVOLTAIC WINDOW WITH THE SAME - A photovoltaic module with an embedded junction box and a photovoltaic window with the same are described. The photovoltaic module includes a photovoltaic panel having a first substrate and a second substrate, and an embedded junction box is fixed to a surface of the first substrate and an edge of the second substrate. The first substrate is longer than the second substrate to form an indentation on the first substrate to firmly fix the embedded junction box in the photovoltaic panel.08-11-2011
20110192441PHOTOVOLTAIC ELEMENT - The disclosure relates to a photovoltaic element having a sealing web with at least one photovoltaic module which is mounted on one side of the sealing web and has contact points and electrical connections. The contact points of the photovoltaic module can be arranged on a side facing the sealing web, and the electrical connections can pass through the sealing web.08-11-2011
20080257397SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR EXTRACTING POWER FROM A PHOTOVOLTAIC SOURCE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY - System, method, and apparatus are provided for harvesting electrical energy from a photovoltaic source of electrical energy. The photovoltaic source has power-generating characteristics defined by a family of voltage-current curves comprising points of maximum electrical power over a respective range of at least one of the following for the photovoltaic source: distinct illumination intensities and distinct temperatures. The apparatus is made up of a switching converter coupled to the photovoltaic source. The converter has an input voltage-current curve having a predefined functional relationship between the input voltage and the input current. The predefined functional relationship of the input voltage-current curve of the converter is configured to provide during operation of the converter an approximation with respect to at least some of the points of maximum electrical power for the photovoltaic source without having to perform current and voltage calculations corresponding to a maximum power from the photovoltaic source.10-23-2008
20100078057SOLAR MODULE - A solar module comprising a common substrate supporting a rectifying diode sheet. The rectifying diode sheet comprising at least a back electrode layer, a front electrode layer, and an absorber layer located between the back electrode layer and the front electrode layer. The rectifying diode sheet is divided in first and second sheet parts, whereby the first sheet part comprises at least one solar cell. The second sheet part comprises at least one bypass diode, circuited in an anti-parallel configuration with the at least one solar cell.04-01-2010
20100116313A PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE OR PANEL WITH A CERAMIC SUPPORT SLAB - A photovoltaic module (05-13-2010
20100116314CONDUCTOR CONNECTION MEMBER, CONNECTION STRUCTURE, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The electric conductor connecting member of this invention comprises a metal foil having a roughened surface on at least one main side, and an adhesive layer formed on the roughened surface of the metal foil.05-13-2010
20100116311DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A dye-sensitized solar cell module comprising: at least two dye-sensitized solar cells each formed by layering, on a light transmitting substrate, a transparent conductive layer, a grid electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer in which a dye is adsorbed in a porous semiconductor layer and the porous semiconductor layer is filled with a carrier transporting material, and a counter electrode, the at least two dye-sensitized solar cells being arranged on the same light transmitting substrate via an inter-cell insulating layer, one dye-sensitized solar cell and its neighboring dye-sensitized solar cell being connected in series via a connection layer.05-13-2010
20100116310SOLAR BATTERY CELL CONNECTION METHOD AND SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - The method of connecting solar battery cells of the present invention is a method of connecting solar battery cells which are each provided with a front-face electrode on a front face thereof and a back-face electrode on a back face thereof, and comprises: a first process of preparing a wiring member including a strip-like conductive substrate and an adhesive layer provided on one face of the conductive substrate, and bonding the adhesive layer on one end portion of the wiring member with a front-face electrode or a back-face electrode of one solar battery cell; a second process of turning an other end portion of the wiring member having gone through the first process, around a central axis along a longitudinal direction thereof so that an adhesive layer surface of the other end portion is opposite in orientation to an adhesive layer surface of the one end portion; and a third process of bonding the adhesive layer of the other end portion of the wiring member having gone through the second process with an electrode of an other solar battery cell having an opposite polarity to the electrode of the one solar battery cell which has been bonded in the aforementioned first process.05-13-2010
20130074902SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL - Disclosed is a solar cell module that includes: a plurality of solar cells; wiring material electrically connecting solar cells with each other; and resin adhesive that bonds solar cells and wiring material together. Solar cells each include photoelectric conversion body and electrode. Electrode includes finger electrode. Finger electrode extends in direction y orthogonal to direction x in which wiring material extends. In bonding area of finger electrode bonded to wiring material, an end portion on one side in direction y in which finger electrode extends is bonded to wiring material with lower bonding strength than at least part of the other portion of bonding area.03-28-2013
20100071752Solar Cell Module Having Buss Adhered With Conductive Adhesive - Solar cell modules and methods for making solar cell modules are disclosed. In one or more embodiments of the invention, a buss is adhered to the solar cell modules using a plurality of conductive adhesive drops.03-25-2010
20100071746RF POWDER PARTICLES, RF POWDER, AND METHOD FOR EXCITING RF POWDER - RF particles that can render more difficult fabrication of counterfeit notes and the like, can generate radiofrequency magnetic fields by oscillation of a tank circuit having a particular resonant frequency, and that can easily and reliably supply electric power for oscillation, RF powder, and a method for exciting the RF powder are provided.03-25-2010
20100071749Building Integrated Photovoltaic Conversion System Implemented In Both Vision and Spandrel Areas - A power generating system is integrated within an exterior shell or facade of a building structure. The system components—energy generating devices (which can be photovoltaic), control units and associated power/signal wiring are incorporated and operated within individual unitized curtain wall units making up the facade including both in vision and spandrel areas.03-25-2010
20100071748Building Integrated Photovoltaic Conversion System Implemented With Integrated Control Management Units - A power generating system is integrated within an exterior shell or façade of a building structure. The system components—energy generating devices (which can be photovoltaic), control units and associated power/signal wiring are incorporated and operated within individual unitized curtain wall units making up the façade03-25-2010
20100071747Method of Operating Building Integrated Photovoltaic Conversion System - A power generating system is operable while integrated within an exterior shell or façade of a building structure. The system components—energy generating devices (which can be photovoltaic), control units and associated power/signal wiring are incorporated and operated within individual unitized curtain wall units making up the façade.03-25-2010
20100071744Photovoltaic Installation With Automatic Disconnect Device - A PV installation comprises a PV array, an electrical interface connecting a utility power source to an electrical load, and a DC to AC inverter. A first set of wiring electrically connects the PV array to the inverter through a disconnect device and a second set of wiring electrically connects the inverter to the electrical interface. A control mechanism connects the disconnect device to the electrical interface so that when power from the electrical interface is removed, the PV array is electrically disconnected from the inverter. The disconnect device may be a remote disconnect device located at a position at or near the PV array, such as in the space beneath a roof supporting the PV array. A method electrically disconnects a PV array from electrical wiring at a site.03-25-2010
20100071745PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - In one or more embodiments of a photovoltaic device and a method of manufacturing the photovoltaic device, a first conductive layer, a first light-absorbing layer and a second conductive layer may be formed on a substrate, in sequence. A temperature for forming the second conductive layer may be lower than a temperature for forming the first conductive layer and a temperature for forming the first light-absorbing layer.03-25-2010
20100071743DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME - A dye-sensitized solar cell module comprising: a plurality of electrically series-connected solar cells having a first conductive layer formed on an insulating substrate; a photoelectric conversion device formed on the first conductive layer; and a second conductive layer formed on the photoelectric conversion device, wherein the photoelectric conversion device has a photoelectric conversion layer having a porous semiconductor layer adsorbing a dye, a carrier transporting layer and a catalyst layer and the dye-sensitized solar cell module is characterized in that the second conductive layer of the above-described one solar cell contacts the first conductive layer of an adjacent another solar cell and the photoelectric conversion device of the above-described adjacent another solar cell contacts the second conductive layer of the above-described one solar cell.03-25-2010
20100071742Quasi-AC, photovoltaic module for unfolder photovoltaic inverter - A photovoltaic (PV) energy system includes a pulsed bus defined by a non-zero average value voltage that is proportional to a rectified utility grid AC supply voltage. The PV energy system also includes a plurality of PV modules, each PV module including a bucking circuit configured to convert a corresponding PV voltage into a pulsing current, wherein the pulsating bus is configured to sum the pulsing currents produced via the plurality of PV modules such that a resultant pulsing current is injected into the pulsating bus in phase with the non-zero average value voltage. A current unfolding circuit is configured to control the amount of AC current injected into the utility grid in response to the resultant pulsing current.03-25-2010
20100071750Integrated Electrical Conduit for Solar PV System - An unitized curtain wall unit houses energy conversion devices (such as photovoltaic modules), and includes integrated wiring conduits for routing signal and power cables within a building façade or exterior shell structures.03-25-2010
20130074904ORGANIC SOLAR CELL MODULE AND ORGANIC SOLAR CELL PANEL - An organic solar cell module having a transparent substrate; a transparent electrode layer formed on the transparent substrate; a photoelectric conversion layer that is formed in a pattern on the transparent electrode layer and includes plural kinds of photoelectric conversion sections having different absorption wavelength regions; a plurality of back surface electrode layers respectively formed on the photoelectric conversion sections; an insulating layer that is formed so as to cover the plurality of back surface electrode layers and has an opening for each of the photoelectric conversion sections; and a plurality of charge-collecting wirings that are formed on the insulating layer and are disposed so as to be connected to the back surface electrode layers located at the openings of the insulting layer for the respective kinds of the photoelectric conversion sections.03-28-2013
20130074903SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - Disclosed is a solar cell module that includes a plurality of solar cells, a wiring material, and a resin adhesive. The plurality of solar cells each includes a photoelectric conversion body and an electrode. The electrode is formed on a surface of the photoelectric conversion body. The wiring material includes a portion in direct contact with the electrode and thus electrically connects the plurality of solar cells with each other. The resin adhesive bonds the solar cells and the wiring material together. The electrode has corrugation in a surface. The maximum height of the corrugation in a region of the electrode in direct contact with the wiring material is lower than the maximum height of the corrugation in a region of the electrode not in direct contact with the wiring material.03-28-2013
20130074901COMPOSITIONALLY GRADED DILUTE GROUP III-V NITRIDE CELL WITH BLOCKING LAYERS FOR MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELL - A dilute Group III-V nitride solar cell is provided for use in a multijunction solar cell having a p-n junction formed by p-type and n-type layers of dilute Group III-V nitride material, such as GaNAs. Blocking layers of a group III-V ternary alloy are formed on opposing surfaces of the p-n junction to improve the electron and hole collection efficiency of the p-n junction by preventing the flow of electrons and holes, respectively, into the adjacent layers of the multijunction solar cell in certain directions. The III-V nitride solar cell is current matched to other solar cells of the multijunction solar cell. The III-V nitride solar cell may possess a bandgap of approximately 1.0 eV to serve as one junction of the multijunction solar cell. The p-type and n-type layers may further have compositionally graded nitrogen concentrations to provide an electric field for more efficient charge collection.03-28-2013
20120174960SOLAR CELL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - Disclosed is a solar cell which is provided with: a semiconductor substrate having a light-receiving surface and a non-light-receiving surface; a PN junction section formed on the semiconductor substrate; a passivation layer formed on the light-receiving surface and/or the non-light-receiving surface; and power extraction electrodes formed on the light-receiving surface and the non-light-receiving surface. The solar cell is characterized in that the passivation layer includes an aluminum oxide film having a thickness off 40 nm or less. As a result of forming a aluminum oxide film having a predetermined thickness on the surface of the substrate, it is possible to achieve excellent passivation performance and excellent electrical contact between silicon and the electrode by merely firing the conductive paste, which is conventional technology. Furthermore, an annealing step, which has been necessary to achieve the passivation effects of the aluminum oxide film in the past, can be eliminated, thus dramatically reducing costs.07-12-2012
20120174959PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATING MODULE AND PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATING SYSTEM - Disclosed herein is a photovoltaic power generating module including a cell, a plurality of cell groups, and a plurality of bypass sections. The cell is configured to generate power according to light received by the cell. The plurality of cell groups are formed by connecting a predetermined number of the cells in series with each other. The bypass sections are configured to bypass the respective the cell groups connected in series with each other. The cell groups are formed by respective different numbers of the cells.07-12-2012
20120174958SOLAR CELL APPARATUS - Disclosed is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes a first substrate including a first region and a second region adjacent to the first region, a plurality of solar cells in the first region, and a second substrate provided in the first region to expose the second region and provided on the solar cells.07-12-2012
20120174957Photoelectric Conversion Device and Manufacturing Method of the Same - To provide a photoelectric conversion device having a high photoelectric conversion efficiency, a photoelectric conversion device 07-12-2012
20130081667THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - A thin film solar cell module includes a substrate, at least one first cell positioned in a central area of the substrate, and at least one second cell positioned in an edge area of the substrate. Each of the first and second cells includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and at least one photoelectric conversion unit positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode. An amount of germanium contained in the photoelectric conversion unit of the first cell is less than an amount of germanium contained in the photoelectric conversion unit of the second cell positioned on the same level layer as the photoelectric conversion unit of the first cell.04-04-2013
20100163095SOLAR POWER PLANT - The invention relates to a solar power plant comprising a solar module system with a plurality of solar modules arranged in a plane for converting solar radiation into electrical energy, and comprising an adjusting device for the sun-position-dependent tracking of the solar module system, wherein the solar module system is mounted such that it can be pivoted at least about one pivot axis, wherein the solar modules are mounted with their edges at least in part in a J-shaped holding profile.07-01-2010
20130032193DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SAME - The present invention is a dye-sensitized solar cell module provided with a pair of mutually opposed electrodes, partitions that connect the pair of electrodes and form a plurality of cell spaces together with the pair of electrodes, and an electrolyte filled into the cell spaces, wherein one electrode of the pair of electrodes has oxide semiconductor portions that face each of the plurality of cell spaces and are loaded with a photosensitizing dye, at least one electrode of the pair of electrodes is composed of at least two layers, the thickest layer is a metal substrate having a thickness of 100 μm or less or a resin film having a thickness of 500 μm or less, and the electrode containing the metal substrate or the resin film has a bending portion that bends so as to protrude towards the opposing electrode.02-07-2013
20130032192METHODS AND DEVICES FOR LARGE-SCALE SOLAR INSTALLATIONS - Methods and devices are provided for improved large-scale solar installations. In one embodiment, a junction-box free photovoltaic module is used comprising of a plurality of photovoltaic cells and a module support layer providing a mounting surface for the cells. The module has a first electrical lead extending outward from one of the photovoltaic cells, the lead coupled to an adjacent module without passing the lead through a central junction box. The module may have a second electrical lead extending outward from one of the photovoltaic cells, the lead coupled to another adjacent module without passing the lead through a central junction box. Without junction boxes, the module may use connectors along the edges of the modules which can substantially reduce the amount of wire or connector ribbon used for such connections.02-07-2013
20130032191PROFILES FOR FIXING RIGID PLATES - The present invention relates to profiles for attaching rigid plates, especially photovoltaic modules, to a roof and to a method and system for attaching photovoltaic modules to a roof structure with the help of profiles.02-07-2013
20090188543PROCESS FOR LASER SCRIBING - A method for accurately laser scribing lines on a panel utilising a laser beam scanner unit (07-30-2009
20100043863INTERCONNECT ASSEMBLY - An interconnect assembly. The interconnect assembly includes a trace that includes a plurality of electrically conductive portions. The plurality of electrically conductive portions is configured both to collect current from a first solar cell and to interconnect electrically to a second solar cell. In addition, the plurality of electrically conductive portions is configured such that solar-cell efficiency is substantially undiminished in an event that any one of the plurality of electrically conductive portions is conductively impaired.02-25-2010
20100043862Solar Panel Interconnection System - A solar panel interconnection system in which electrical interconnection distance is minimized irrespective of one of landscape or portrait panel orientation includes a first solar panel having first diagonally opposed corners, a first edge, a second edge and a tap to provide electrical connectivity thereto, and a second solar panel having second diagonally opposed corners, a first edge, a second edge and a tap to provide electrical connectivity thereto. The first edge and the second edge of the first solar panel extend from one of the first diagonally opposed corners and the tap on the first solar panel is disposed at the same corner thereof. The first edge and the second edge of the second solar panel extend from one of the second diagonally opposed corners and the tap on the second solar panel is disposed at the same corner thereof. The first solar panel and the second solar panel are disposed with either the first edge of each facing each other, such as in a landscape orientation, or the second edge of each facing each other, such as in a portrait orientation. In either event, the tap on each panel will be proximate each other to minimize electrical interconnection distance.02-25-2010
20100043861ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - The present invention generally relates to organic photosensitive optoelectronic devices. More specifically, it is directed to organic photovoltaic devices, e.g., organic solar cells. Further, it is directed to an optimized organic solar cell comprising multiple stacked subcells in series. High power conversion efficiency are achieved by fabrication of a photovoltaic cell comprising multiple stacked subcells with thickness optimization and employing an electron blocking layer.02-25-2010
20100043860SOLAR CELL MODULE - Superior yield is achieved by eliminating the occurrence of cracks after connecting together solar cells by soldering on connecting conductors so as to provide highly reliable connecting conductors and solar cell modules. The solar cell modules have solar cells formed with electrodes and ribbon-shaped connecting conductors connecting with the electrodes using solder. The plane shape of at least one end of the connecting conductors is provided with a plurality of angled sections with obtuse angles.02-25-2010
20120204927Photovoltaic Shingle - A photovoltaic shingle integrates a photovoltaic assembly within a roofing shingle. The shingle includes a first encapsulating material layer disposed on a substrate followed by the photovoltaic cell assembly and a second encapsulating material layer disposed on the photovoltaic assembly. A transparent superstrate such as a resin with polymer film is formed on the second encapsulating material layer. In one advantageous form, the photovoltaic shingle has at least two channels formed completely through the shingle in a stacking direction of the respective layers but only partially through in a direction perpendicular to the stacking direction thereby defining at least two tabs. In alternative forms, there may be additional channels such as but not limited to, two channels defining three tabs or five channels defining six tabs. The photovoltaic shingles may be arranged in an array to form a primary waterproof layer of a suitably pitched roof structure.08-16-2012
20090159114Photovoltaic Panel and Cell with Fine Fingers and Method of Manufacture of the Same - A photovoltaic cell has a photosensitive substrate and a plurality of fingers in ohmic contact with the substrate. At least one of the fingers has an average width of less than about 95 microns. The cell also has a plurality of busbars in ohmic contact with the fingers. At least two of the busbars that are spaced less than about 38 millimeters apart intersect the at least one finger (i.e., the finger(s) having an average width of less than about 95 microns).06-25-2009
20090159113PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION SYSTEM AND PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION SYSTEM CONTROL METHOD - A photovoltaic power generation system, wherein electrical power generated by multiple photovoltaic power generator units is gathered in a single unit group power collection control section and, in addition, supplied (transferred) to a single power converter corresponding to a single unit group power collection control section. The photovoltaic power generation system comprises generator unit groups formed by arrangement of multiple photovoltaic power generator units and unit group power collection control sections, which are connected with the photovoltaic power generator units through unit cables, and collect and control the electric power generated by the photovoltaic power generator units.06-25-2009
20090159112CIS BASED THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A photovoltaic module having long-term durability is obtained at low cost.06-25-2009
20130037078ASSEMBLY TECHNIQUES FOR SOLAR CELL ARRAYS AND SOLAR CELLS FORMED THEREFROM - An assembly technique for assembling solar cell arrays is provided. During the fabrication of a solar cell, openings through the semiconductor layer are etched through to a top surface of the backmetal layer. The solar cells include an exposed top surface of the backmetal layer. A plurality of solar cells are assembled into a solar cell array where adjacent cells are interconnected in an electrically serial or parallel fashion solely from the top surface of the solar cells.02-14-2013
20130037077SOLAR MODULE HAVING MULTIPLE JUNCTION BOXES - The present invention provides a solar module having multiple junction boxes, including solar panels, which are series-connected in series via tabbing ribbons and junction boxes. The junction boxes include a junction box with diodes which has by-pass function, and junction box without diodes which has power output function. The junction box with diodes and the junction box without diodes are connected to the solar panels respectively via bus ribbons. The junction box with diodes and the junction box without diodes are connected via external cables. The junction box without diodes is connected to a junction box cable. By increasing the amount of junction boxes and decreasing the length of connecting solder ribbon the present invention solves the problem of relatively low output power and relatively high loss when the solar module in prior art is used.02-14-2013
20130037079SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes: two solar cells, each including: a first main face and a second main face; a first electrode on the first main face, comprising a bus-bar electrode having at least one of an opening portion, notch portion, and gap portion; and a second electrode on the first or second main face having a polarity opposite to that of the first electrode; a wiring member that electrically connects the first electrode of one solar cell to the second electrode of another solar cell; and an electrically conductive connection layer that contacts the wiring member and the first main face.02-14-2013
20130037076SOLAR PANEL AND ELECTRODE STRUCTURE THEREOF AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A solar panel and an electrode structure thereof and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. The electrode structure comprises a first conductive structure and a second conductive structure. The first conductive structure is electrically connected to a plurality of first pole contacts of a first solar cell. The second conductive structure is connected to the first conductive structure, and the first and the second conductive structures are substantially extended along a line. The second conductive structure is electrically connected to a plurality of second pole contacts of a second solar cell.02-14-2013
20130037075MOUNTING INTERFACE FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - The invention relates to a mounting interface configured for a photovoltaic module (02-14-2013
20130037074THIN FILM SOLAR CELL STRING - Thin film PV cells and strings of such cells that may be electrically joined with conductive tabs or ribbons. A semi-flexible, electrically conductive adhesive is applied to join the tabs to the front and back of a cell, providing a conductive pathway between the tab and solar cell, with good adhesion to both. The tabs may be constructed of one or more materials having a thermal expansion coefficient that closely matches that of the substrate material of the cells, so that when the string or module is subsequently heated, mechanical stress between the tab and solar cell is minimized. The semi-flexible nature of the ECA also acts to relieve stress between the tab and the solar cell, decreasing the possibility of adhesion failure at critical locations. One or more dielectric materials may be applied to the PV cells and/or the tabs in regions where a tab crosses the edge of a cell, to avoid electrical shorting between the negative and positive electrodes of the cell.02-14-2013
20130133717SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells including a photoelectric conversion unit, and an electrode which is formed on the surface of the photoelectric conversion unit; a wiring member that electrically connects the plurality of solar cells; and a resin adhesive that adheres the solar cells and the wiring member. Non-contiguous regions of the resin adhesive are present between the wiring member and the solar cells.05-30-2013
20130133714Three Terminal Thin Film Photovoltaic Module and Their Methods of Manufacture - Thin film photovoltaic devices are provided that include a first submodule and a second submodule. An insulation layer can be positioned over first submodule and second submodule such that the insulation layer extends from a first bus bar to a second bus bar. A conductive link can be positioned on the insulation layer and electrically connected to the first bus bar and the second bus bar. An encapsulation substrate can be positioned over the first submodule and the second submodule. A first prong can extend through a first aperture defined in the encapsulation substrate to contact the conductive link to establish an electrical connection thereto, and a second prong can extend through a second aperture defined in the encapsulation substrate to contact the joint bus bar to establish an electrical connection thereto. Methods are also provided for forming a pair of electrical leads on a thin film photovoltaic device05-30-2013
20100108119INTEGRATED BYPASS DIODE ASSEMBLIES FOR BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES - The present invention comprises methods for manufacturing solar cell modules having improved fault tolerance and the ability to maximize module power output in response to non-optimal operation of one or more solar cells in the module. To improve the fault tolerance, the individual solar cells may each have a bypass diode coupled thereto to that when a single solar cell faults, only the faulted solar cell is affected. In one embodiment, a transistor may be used to improve the fault tolerance of a solar cell module.05-06-2010
20100108118Photovoltaic power farm structure and installation - Unique mounting structures and installation methods for arrays of photovoltaic modules are disclosed. These structures and methods allow for simple, inexpensive and facile production of expansive area solar energy collection facilities.05-06-2010
20090120484Photovoltaic Tile Assembly - A photovoltaic tile assembly comprises a base tile having at least one solid region through which a mechanical fastener is driven for fastening the base tile to an underlying roof structure. The assembly further comprises one or more cover tiles each having a photovoltaic cell for converting solar energy into electricity. The cover tiles are electrically and mechanically coupled to a corresponding base tile by electrical connection posts. The posts are supported within the base tile and have a first end that contacts with and provides electrical connection with respective output terminals of the cover tile. Additionally, the first end penetrates through the cover tile to provide mechanical attachment of the cover tile to a base tile. Each post also has a second end that is electrically coupled to an electrical connection tube to facilitate electrical coupling of the cover tiles to a power management system. Tubes are provided with electrical connectors at opposite axial ends to enable electrical connection with adjacent tubes in adjacent tile assemblies.05-14-2009
20090139559Method and system for converting light to electric power - A method and system for converting light to electric power including coupling in parallel at least two devices in a first plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, coupling in parallel at least two devices in at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, and coupling in series the first plurality of devices suitable to convert light electricity with the at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power. A method for converting electromagnetic flux to electric power. A method for optimizing the electric power output of a system including determining the expected illumination pattern of incident laser radiation, and optimizing the amount of laser radiation incident on the surface of the devices suitable to convert light to electric power by distributing the devices according to the expected illumination pattern of the incident laser beam.06-04-2009
20130068278PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION APPARATUS, PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION APPARATUS ARRAY, WAFER, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION APPARATUS - A photovoltaic power generation apparatus includes a first photovoltaic power generation element having a surface in the shape of a triangle, and a second photovoltaic power generation element having a surface in the shape of a trapezoid, which is a polygon not having less sides than a quadrangle. The first photovoltaic power generation element is, for example, an isosceles triangle, and the second photovoltaic power generation element is, for example, an isosceles trapezoid.03-21-2013
20130068279PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE INTERLAYER - An interlayer for a photovoltaic device can include a base material and a filler material. The filler material can contain a flame retardant material, a desiccant material, a pigment, an inert material, or any combination thereof.03-21-2013
20130068277PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE ARRAY - A photovoltaic module of the present invention includes a cluster power generation unit in which multiple photovoltaic elements are connected in series via connection points, a pair of output terminals connected to respective ends of a series circuit formed by the cluster power generation unit, and a specified terminal connected to a specified connection point that is specified from among the connection points.03-21-2013
20130068276SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A solar battery module includes a substrate, a plurality of first striped electrodes separately formed on the substrate, a plurality of striped photoelectric transducing layers respectively formed on the corresponding first striped electrode and the substrate wherein parts of the first striped electrode are exposed, a plurality of second striped electrodes respectively formed on the corresponding striped photoelectric transducing layer, and a plurality of conductive layers respectively formed on a side of the corresponding second striped electrode and the first striped electrode adjacent to the side, and not contacting the other second striped electrode.03-21-2013
20130068275SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MOUNTING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - System and method for mounting one or more photovoltaic modules includes one or more flexible rods, including a first end and a second end opposite the first end, each of the one or more flexible rods further including an inner core and a first jacket surrounding the inner core between the first end and the second end. The first end is configured to be attached to at least one photovoltaic module using one or more first adhesive materials. The second end is configured to be inserted into at least one hole of a modular rail and attached to at least the modular rail using one or more second adhesive materials. The one or more flexible rods are configured to allow at least a lateral movement in a first direction between the photovoltaic module and the modular rail and support at least the photovoltaic module in a second direction.03-21-2013
20120180843SOLAR CELL APPARATUS - Provided is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes: a substrate; a first cell group on the substrate; a second cell group on the substrate; a first diode connected in parallel to the first cell group; and a second diode connected in parallel to the second cell group.07-19-2012
20100006134NANOTUBE-SHAPED TITANIA AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A nanotube-shaped titania having an aspect ratio of 6 or greater can be produced by anodizing a titanium metal or an alloy containing mainly titanium in an electrolyte solution containing a halogen atom-containing ion, such as a perchloric acid aqueous solution.01-14-2010
20100006137BRIGHT WHITE PROTECTIVE LAMINATES - Laminates of having a first outer layer of weatherable film, at least one mid layer, and a second outer layer containing an opacifying quantity of white pigment. The laminates are particularly useful for protecting photovoltaic cells, solar panels, and circuit boards. In photovoltaic cells, the laminates result in increased power generation.01-14-2010
20100006138SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES WITH GRADED DOPANT REGIONS - Most semiconductor devices manufactured today, have uniform dopant concentration, either in the lateral or vertical device active (and isolation) regions. By grading the dopant concentration, the performance in various semiconductor devices can be significantly improved. Performance improvements can be obtained in application specific areas like increase in frequency of operation for digital logic, various power MOSFET and IGBT ICS, improvement in refresh time for DRAM's, decrease in programming time for nonvolatile memory, better visual quality including pixel resolution and color sensitivity for imaging ICs, better sensitivity for varactors in tunable filters, higher drive capabilities for JFET's, and a host of other applications.01-14-2010
20130048046PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - An adhesive element can be used to attach a conductor interface to a photovoltaic module. The adhesive element provides multiple points of support for conductors connected within the conductor interface and improves sealing against moisture intrusion.02-28-2013
20090308427SOLAR CELL MODULE - Disclosed is a solar cell module including: a plurality of solar cell units each including a supporting substrate 12-17-2009
20130087181METHOD FOR PRODUCING A PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE HAVING BACKSIDE-CONTACTED SEMICONDUCTOR CELLS - A method for producing a photovoltaic module having backside-contacted semiconductor cells which have contact regions provided on a contact side, the method including providing a non-conducting foil-type substrate, placing the contact sides of the semiconductor cells on the substrate, implementing laser drilling which penetrates the substrate to produce openings in the contact regions of the contact sides of the semiconductor cells, depositing a contacting means on the substrate to fill the openings and to form a contacting layer extending on the substrate.04-11-2013
20100101629Light Transmissible Solar Cell Module, Process for Manufacturing Same, and Solar Cell Panel Thereof - A light transmissible solar cell module including: solar cell units, which include a transparent substrate, a minor electrode layer provided on a part of a surface of the transparent substrate, and a solar cell section provided on the minor electrode layer, arranged in multi-levels; a first connecting wire electrically connected to an electrode provided on a surface side of the solar cell section; and a second connecting wire electrically connected to the mirror electrode layer, wherein the solar cell units are arranged so that a light entering from one side hits the solar cell section of an arbitrary solar cell unit and is reflected, and the reflected light reaches another side by being reflected by the minor electrode layer of a solar cell unit arranged adjacent to the arbitrary solar cell unit.04-29-2010
20120216849Solar Photovoltaic Device - Disclosed is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes a support substrate, a solar cell on a top surface of the support substrate, and a circuit board connected to the solar cell and provided on both the top surface of the support substrate and a lateral side of the support substrate.08-30-2012
20130056043OPTICAL TANDEM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL PANELS - A solar energy conversion device comprises a vertical stack of at least two panels stacked in a hierarchy from an upper panel to a lower panel with each of the panels including a matching array of solar cells having a different energy bandgap from other panels of solar cells in the vertical stack of panels. Each panel in the vertical stack may be arranged with one of the panels having solar cells with a higher energy bandgap situated in the hierarchy and in the stack above others of the panels containing solar cells with a lower energy bandgap. The top surface of the device is adapted for receiving solar energy incident upon the uppermost panel. Each upper panel absorbs a fraction of sunlight with larger solar photon energies larger than the energy bandgap thereof.03-07-2013
20110005570High efficiency tandem solar cells and a method for fabricating same - A solar cell structure and a method for fabricating the solar cell structure is provided, where the cell structure includes a plurality of solar cells, wherein each of the solar cells is separated from each adjacent solar cell via at least one of a tunnel junction or a resonant tunneling structure interface, wherein each of the plurality of solar cells is at least partially constructed from a semiconductor material, wherein the semiconductor material has an energy band gap that harnesses photons having energies in a predetermined energy range which is responsive to its energy gap, and wherein each of the plurality of solar cells includes at least one of a p-n junction, an n-p junction, or a Schottky interface, and wherein each of the plurality of solar cells is configured to harness energies in a different solar spectral energy range than the other of the plurality of solar cells.01-13-2011
20090095339Roof Based Energy Conversion System - A roof based energy conversion system for a building with a roof comprises a roof frame structure and a plurality of solar energy converting tile assemblies. The solar energy converting tile assemblies may comprise a selection of photovoltaic tile assemblies that convert solar energy into electrical energy and thermal tile assemblies that convert solar energy to thermal energy. Both tile assemblies have substantially the same exterior appearance so as to be visually indistinguishable when laid together on the same roof structure. The energy conversion system may also incorporate a hydroelectric system that is configured to convert kinetic energy from rain running off the roof structure to electrical energy and a wind energy conversion system that converts kinetic energy of moving air into electrical energy. An energy management system may be provided that receives electrical energy from the tiles, the hydroelectric system, and the wind energy conversion system. The management system incorporates batteries and includes a connection system to enable energy produced by the system to be transferred to a supply grid.04-16-2009
20110056537Substrate and collector grid structures for integrated series connected photovoltaic arrays and process of manufacturing of such arrays - The invention teaches novel structure and methods for producing electrical current collectors and electrical interconnection structure. Such articles find particular use in facile production of modular arrays of photovoltaic cells. The current collector and interconnecting structures may be initially produced separately from the photovoltaic cells thereby allowing the use of unique materials and manufacture. Subsequent combination of the structures with photovoltaic cells allows facile and efficient completion of modular arrays. Methods for combining the collector and interconnection structures with cells and final interconnecting into modular arrays are taught.03-10-2011
20080210288SOLAR CELL UNIT AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell unit includes first and second solar cells (C09-04-2008
20100126551SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL MODULE MANUFACTURING METHOD - A solar battery module is provided with a plurality of solar battery cells which are connected to each other by connecting bus bar electrodes (05-27-2010
20090272423Multi-Junction Type Solar Cell Device - In a photoelectric conversion device, in a contact between a p-type semiconductor 11-05-2009
20090272420Method and system for converting light to electric power - A method and system for converting light to electric power including coupling in parallel at least two devices in a first plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, coupling in parallel at least two devices in at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, and coupling in series the first plurality of devices suitable to convert light electricity with the at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power. A method for converting electromagnetic flux to electric power. A method for optimizing the electric power output of a system including determining the expected illumination pattern of incident laser radiation, and optimizing the amount of laser radiation incident on the surface of the devices suitable to convert light to electric power by distributing the devices according to the expected illumination pattern of the incident laser beam.11-05-2009
20090272419Solar Cell Module - A solar cell module with a simple configuration and high efficiency is provided. A solar cell module of the present invention is configured by electrically connecting a plurality of solar cell elements. Each of the plurality of solar cell elements includes a plurality of first connection parts representing wiring connection parts in a first electrode and a plurality of second connection parts representing wiring connection parts in a second electrode on the same surface. A first solar cell element and a second solar cell element arranged adjacent to each other have portions of the plurality of first connection parts of the first solar cell element and the plurality of second connection parts of the second solar cell element connected by a wiring having a linear form in plan view.11-05-2009
20130061904SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells. M first bus bar electrodes are disposed on a first surface of each of the solar cells. N second bus bar electrodes are disposed on a second surface of each of the solar cells. M is a natural number that is equal to or larger than 1, and N is a natural number that is larger than M.03-14-2013
20090056784SOLAR CELL CONNECTING APPARATUS, STRIP RETAINING APPARATUS AND TRANSPORT APPARATUS FOR A SOLAR CELL CONNECTING APPARATUS - The invention relates to a solar cell connecting apparatus, for example a solar cell connecting apparatus, for manufacturing solar cell strings from individual solar cells and electrically conductive strips, having a first module for joining solar cells and strips together; a second module which is connected to the first module for connection, for example, soldering of the strips to the solar cells; and a third module for transportation of the solar cells from the first module through the second module. The connecting apparatus is characterized in that the first module has an apparatus for placing a strip retaining element on to a solar cell with strips, in order to fix the strips on the solar cell, and the third module is adapted in order to also transport the retaining element together with the solar cell (FIG. 03-05-2009
20120222719SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar battery module includes a first cell line formed by arraying a plurality of solar battery cells in a first direction, a first inter-cell lead that connects the solar battery cells in the first cell line in an array direction, a second cell line formed by arraying the solar battery cells in parallel to the first cell line, a second inter-cell lead that connects the solar battery cells forming the second cell line in an array direction, and an inter-line lead that extends in a direction perpendicular to the first direction and electrically connects the first inter-cell lead and the second inter-cell lead, in which at least a portion of the inter-line lead overlaps the solar battery cell.09-06-2012
20120222718PHOTOVOLTAIC GROUNDING & BONDING CONNECTOR - A photovoltaic (PV) panel and rack grounding connector may be constructed of a one piece extruded aluminum body. The body may have two extruded openings configured to accept a ground wire at one end and a PV panel or rack flange at the other. Both openings may have extruded serrations to pierce oxidation on the wire end and anodized plating on the PV panel or rack end. Stainless steel or other screws are provided on each end of the connector for securing the wire and panel, respectively, to the connector and to prevent corrosion. The connector may be asymmetric in that the opening on one end for the ground wire is a different shape than the opening on the opposite end for the PV panel.09-06-2012
20120222717METHODS OF ASSEMBLING SOLAR CELLS INTO AN ASSEMBLY, ASSOCIATED APPARATUS, SOLAR PANEL ASSEMBLIES, AND SOLAR CELLS - A method of assembling elongate solar cells into an assembly may comprise forming a unitary structure comprising a plurality of elongate solar cell precursor structures from a semiconductor wafer and attaching an adhesive surface of a transfer structure to an edge of each of the plurality of elongate solar cell precursor structures. The method may further comprise attaching the plurality of elongate solar cells to an expandable fixture and expanding the expandable fixture to change at least one of an orientation and a position of the plurality of elongate solar cells relative to one another. Additionally, a solar panel assembly may comprise a plurality of elongate solar cells positioned on a substrate, major surfaces of the plurality of elongate solar cells oriented in a non-planar configuration. Furthermore, elongate solar cells may comprise non-linear shapes in an as-formed state. Transfer structures and expandable fixtures useful in performing methods of the disclosure are also described.09-06-2012
20120222716Wire Raceway and Flexible Photovoltaic Cell Membrane System - A flexible photovoltaic system for use on a landfill roof or other area includes a flexible membrane and flexible photovoltaic cells bonded to the membrane. Wires which connect various components of the system run in hollow protective raceways. The raceways include a hollow central arcuate portion and bonding flanges on either side. Wires are inserted in the hollow portion through a slit in the bottom of the raceway. The raceways are bonded to the membrane by welding or adhering the flanges to the membrane.09-06-2012
20120222715Railbox car and highway vehicle "use" of solar panels owned by others - My patent covers the use of solar panels on the tops and sides of freight trains or trucks, owned and installed by others, that may benefit from the production of electric power they generate for whatever purpose.09-06-2012
20130213452SOLAR CELL MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR - A solar cell module is provided with a plurality of solar cells and a wiring material. Each solar cell includes a p-side electrode and an n-side electrode arranged on one principal surface thereof. For each pair of adjacent solar cells, the wiring material electrically connects the p-side electrode of one solar cell and the n-side electrode of the other solar cell. Surface layers of the p-side electrodes and the n-side electrodes comprises, respectively, plating layers each containing at least one power-supplied point. The wiring material is bonded to the solar cells at regions each of which at least includes the power-supplied point.08-22-2013
20110011440SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL STRING AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - There are provided a solar cell including a semiconductor substrate and a busbar electrode extending in a first direction and a finger electrode extending in a second direction on a first surface of the semiconductor substrate the finger electrode and the busbar electrode being electrically connected to each other, and a side portion of the busbar electrode being curved such that a width of the busbar electrode increases toward an end portion of the busbar electrode in a region near the end portion of the busbar electrode in the first direction a solar cell string, and a solar cell module.01-20-2011
20110011439PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER SYSTEM - A system of high efficiency and low cost is provided as a photovoltaic power system comprising a solar cell connected to a power converter.01-20-2011
20110011438Nitride-Based Multi-Junction Solar Cell Modules and Methods for Making the Same - A backside illuminated multi junction solar cell module includes a substrate, multiple multi junction solar cells, and a cell interconnection that provides a series connection between at least two of the multi junction solar cells. The substrate may include a material that is substantially transparent to solar radiation. Each multi junction solar cell includes a first active cell, grown over the substrate, for absorbing a first portion of the solar radiation for conversion into electrical energy and a second active cell, grown over the first active cell, for absorbing a second portion of the solar radiation for conversion into electrical energy. At least one of the first and second active cells includes a nitride.01-20-2011
20110011437SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL - A solar cell includes a plurality of unit cells connected in series and a first partition portion. Each of the unit cells includes a substrate, a first electrode layer formed on the substrate, a semiconductor layer formed on the first electrode layer, and a second electrode layer formed on the semiconductor layer. The first partition portion has insulation properties and partitions the first electrode layers of the unit cells on the substrate with each the first electrode layers being disposed respectively in a region partitioned by the first partition portion.01-20-2011
20110011436Solar Array of Transparent Nanoantennas - Implementations and techniques for solar arrays of transparent nanoantennas are generally disclosed.01-20-2011
20110011435Wirless-controlled solar brick - A wireless-controlled solar brick is revealed. The solar brick mainly includes a circuit board disposed with a microcontroller that connects with a signal receiver and a plurality of light sources. A solar panel is disposed above the circuit board. Moreover, there is a remote controller corresponding to the solar brick. The remote controller consists of a control module connected with a signal transmitter. The solar brick is placed on flat surfaces, such as the ground or walls. By the solar panel, sunlight can be absorbed to generate electric power for further storage of the same. While in the dark or at night, the light source emits light to allow the solar brick to be seen clearly under conditions of low visibility. At the same time, by the remote controller, the colors or lighting patterns of the solar brick can be changed, so that dynamic light and shadow show on the ground or walls formed by solar bricks. Such design is not only easy in operation but also has effects of environmental protection and energy saving. Therefore the solar brick is with more practicability.01-20-2011
20130061906BACKSIDE PROTECTIVE FILM FOR SOLAR CELL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - Disclosed is a backside protective film (03-14-2013
20130061905Photovoltaic Devices Comprising an Anti-Reflective Layer Containing Dispersed Objects Having Areas with Different Refractive Indices - The present invention relates to photovoltaic devices which comprise: 03-14-2013
20130061902SOLAR POWER SYSTEM - The solar power system includes one or more solar panels removably installed atop the roof or upper surface of a motor vehicle or non-motorized vehicle (e.g., a trailer). In one embodiment, the vehicles (semi-trailers, passenger buses, vans, etc.) are parked in a yard or terminal, and the electrical power produced by the solar panels atop the vehicles is delivered to a fixed local distribution system in the yard or terminal area. The power produced may be used for the normal electrical needs of the operation, and any excess power may be sold to the local municipal electric company or other relatively wide area electrical grid. In another embodiment, the solar panels generate electrical power while the vehicles are traveling, and the electrical power is stored aboard the vehicles until the vehicles reach a destination where the power can be transferred to the fixed local distribution system for use.03-14-2013
20130061903Heat Treatment Process and Photovoltaic Device Based on Said Process - Low-temperature sulfurization/selenization heat treatment processes for photovoltaic devices are provided. In one aspect, a method for fabricating a photovoltaic device is provided. The method includes the following steps. A substrate is provided that is either (i) formed from an electrically conductive material or (ii) coated with at least one layer of a conductive material. A chalcogenide absorber layer is formed on the substrate. A buffer layer is formed on the absorber layer. A transparent front contact is formed on the buffer layer. The device is contacted with a chalcogen-containing vapor having a sulfur and/or selenium compound under conditions sufficient to improve device performance by filling chalcogen vacancies within the absorber layer or the buffer layer or by passivating one or more of grain boundaries in the absorber layer, an interface between the absorber layer and the buffer layer and an interface between the absorber layer and the substrate.03-14-2013
20100122719BLASTING METHOD AND APPARATUS HAVING ABRASIVE RECOVERY SYSTEM, PROCESSING METHOD OF THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL PANEL, AND THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL PANEL PROCESSED BY THE METHOD - Particularly, a thin-film solar cell panel or the like is processed without necessity of attaching and detaching of mask and washing steps with respect to a workpiece in a fine blasting employing a fine abrasive. A negative pressure space (05-20-2010
20130160813BACK CONTACT PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH INTEGRATED CIRCUITRY - A back-contact solar cell module and a process for making such a solar cell module are provided. The module includes a porous wire mounting layer with a plurality of elongated electrically conductive wires mounted thereon. A polymeric encapsulant layer is provided between a rear surface of solar cells of the module and the porous wire mounting layer and is melted to adhere to the solar cells and penetrate the porous wire mounting layer. Back electrical contacts on the solar cells are electrically connected to the electrically conductive wires through the porous wire mounting layer.06-27-2013
20090235972ADHESIVE TAPE AND SOLAR CELL MODULE USING THE SAME - The present invention provides an adhesive tape 09-24-2009
20090235971PHOTOACTIVE DEVICE WITH ORGANIC LAYERS - The invention relates to a photoactive device with organic layers, especially a solar cell, with a layer arrangement having an electrode and a counterelectrode as well as a sequence of organic layers arranged between the electrode and the counterelectrode, wherein two layers bordering on one another are formed in a photoactive region encompassed by the sequence of organic layers, namely, an exciton-harvesting layer (EHL) and an exciton-separating layer (ESL); in which the exciton-harvesting layer (EHL) is a mixed layer containing an organic material (A) and at least one further organic material (B), in which (i) a lowest singlet excitation state for excitons (S09-24-2009
20090235970Energy-storage mouse pad capable of absorbing light energy - An energy-storage mouse pad capable of absorbing light energy is provided. The energy-storage mouse pad uses a solar panel disposed on a base thereof to collect ambient light illumination energy and transform it into electric energy to be stored in a storage device, and then supplies electric power to peripheral devices of a computer via a connecting port to fully utilize power resources and saving power costs.09-24-2009
20090301543Thin film solar cells with monolithic integration and backside contact - The present invention discloses novel thin film photovoltaic devices with monolithic integration and backside metal contacts and methods of making the devices.12-10-2009
20090301544METHOD OF MANUFACTURING FLEXIBLE, LIGHTWEIGHT PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY - A flexible, lightweight photovoltaic cell array includes one or more individual photovoltaic cell strings attached to a polyimide film substrate and covered with a polyvinyl fluoride film. Each photovoltaic cell string includes one or more photovoltaic cells attached to a flexible printed circuit board. The photovoltaic cell array may be manufactured by a method that includes bonding at least one photovoltaic cell to a flexible printed circuit board, mounting the flexible printed circuit board on a polyimide film substrate, and covering the flexible printed circuit board with a substantially transparent polyvinyl fluoride film.12-10-2009
20120227784SOLAR BATTERY CELL, SOLAR BATTERY MODULE, METHOD OF MAKING SOLAR BATTERY CELL AND METHOD OF MAKING SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - A solar battery cell and related methodology are provided which enable a TAB wire to be accurately connected to an intended position, thus allowing a possible increase in manufacturing costs to be suppressed. A solar battery cell includes a plurality of finger electrodes arranged on a light receiving surface of a photovoltaic substrate, the light receiving surface having a region of predetermined width to receive a conductive adhesive of a same width as the region. The region is provided with an alignment marking indicating a position where the adhesive is to be applied over the surface, the alignment marking having a cross-dimension in a widthwise direction of the region that is less than the predetermined width.09-13-2012
20090014052MODULE HAVING AN IMPROVED THIN FILM SOLAR CELL INTERCONNECT - In a module of photovoltaic cells, a method of forming the module interconnects includes a single cutting process after the deposition of all active layers. This simplifies the overall process to a set of vacuum steps followed by a set of interconnect steps, and may significantly module quality and yield. According to another aspect, an interconnect forming method includes self-aligned deposition of an insulator. This simplifies the process because no alignment is required. According to another aspect, an interconnect forming method includes a scribing process that results in a much narrower interconnect which may significantly boost cell efficiency, and allow for narrower cell sizes. According to another aspect, an interconnect includes an insulator layer that greatly reduces shunt current through the active layer, which can greatly improve cell efficiency.01-15-2009
20090014050Solar module system and method using transistors for bypass - In one embodiment, a bypass component is provided for use with a string of solar cells. Each solar cell is operable to generate power in response to light. A current may flow through all of the solar cells of the string to deliver the power generated by the solar cells of the string out to a load. The bypass component provides a bypass route for the string of solar cells in the event that at least one solar cell of the string is not generating power. The bypass component includes at least two transistors connected in series with each other and in parallel with the string of solar cells, each transistor having a control terminal. Control logic for the bypass component provides a control signal to the control terminal of each of the at least two transistors. The control signal turns on the at least two transistors so that current flows through the at least two transistors, thereby bypassing the string of solar cells, when at least one solar cell of the string is not generating power.01-15-2009
20090126773Solar Cell and Fabrication Method Thereof - A plurality of photoelectric conversion elements delimited by connection line regions and isolation line regions are provided on a glass substrate having an external profile of a right triangle. A connection line region is configured to connect photoelectric conversion elements in series. An isolation line region is configured to electrically isolate adjacent photoelectric conversion elements and to separate (divide) photoelectric conversion elements by a predetermined area. A connection line region is orthogonal to an isolation line region. The external profile of a photoelectric conversion elements represents a rectangle. An external interconnection to electrically connect photoelectric conversion elements is formed at an outer circumferential region of the glass substrate at the side outer to the region where photoelectric conversion elements are formed. Thus, there can be obtained an integrated type solar cell allowing connection between photoelectric conversion elements without difficulty and of efficient photoelectric conversion property.05-21-2009
20090007957SYSTEM FOR MAKING AN IMPROVED THIN FILM SOLAR CELL INTERCONNECT - In a module of photovoltaic cells, a method of forming the module interconnects includes a single cutting process after the deposition of all active layers. This simplifies the overall process to a set of vacuum steps followed by a set of interconnect steps, and may significantly module quality and yield. According to another aspect, an interconnect forming method includes self-aligned deposition of an insulator. This simplifies the process because no alignment is required. According to another aspect, an interconnect forming method includes a scribing process that results in a much narrower interconnect which may significantly boost cell efficiency, and allow for narrower cell sizes. According to another aspect, an interconnect includes an insulator layer that greatly reduces shunt current through the active layer, which can greatly improve cell efficiency.01-08-2009
20090007955Photovoltaic Device, Photovoltaic Module Comprising Photovoltaic Device, and Method for Manufacturing Photovoltaic Device - Disclosed is a photovoltaic device which is improved in photoelectric conversion efficiency while suppressing increase in complexity of structure. Specifically disclosed is a photovoltaic device (01-08-2009
20080314432Photovoltaic module utilizing an integrated flex circuit and incorporating a bypass diode - One photovoltaic module has a plurality of photovoltaic cells including a first photovoltaic cell and a second photovoltaic cell, a collector-connector configured to collect a current from the first photovoltaic cell and electrically connect the first photovoltaic cell to the second photovoltaic cell and at least one diode configured to bypass at least one of the photovoltaic cells. Another photovoltaic module has a plurality of cells including a first photovoltaic cell and a second photovoltaic cell, such that the first photovoltaic cell contains an active portion and a shaded portion, that is configured as a diode bypassing the second photovoltaic cell. Methods of making photovoltaic modules that incorporate bypass diodes are also provided.12-25-2008
20120234369SOLAR CELL INTERCONNECTION PROCESS - A solar cell interconnection process for forming a solar cell sub-module for a photovoltaic device, the process including the steps of mounting a plurality of elongate solar cells (09-20-2012
20120234368Substrate for photovoltaic cell - The object of the invention is a substrate for photovoltaic cell comprising at least one sheet of float glass provided on a face of at least one electrode, characterized in that said glass has a chemical composition comprising the following constituents, in a weight content that varies within the limits defined below:09-20-2012
20120234367PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - The present invention provides a photovoltaic module with bypass diodes that has a high electricity generating capacity per unit area and high productivity. This photovoltaic module includes a photovoltaic cell assembly in which a plurality of photovoltaic cells are electrically connected in series, and a diode assembly in which a plurality of diodes are formed on a substrate in the arrangement that is consistent with the arrangement of the photovoltaic cells to which the diodes are to be attached. The diode assembly is disposed on a non-light receiving side of the photovoltaic cells, and the diodes are electrically connected to the photovoltaic cells. The photovoltaic cell assembly and the diode assembly are sealed and united by a sealant.09-20-2012
20120234366METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION AND SERIES CONNECTION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC ELEMENTS TO GIVE A SOLAR MODULE AND SOLAR MODULE - Disclosed is a method for producing and for connecting in series photovoltaic elements to form a solar module, and a solar module.09-20-2012
20080295882PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - A photovoltaic device includes a supporting layer, a semiconductor layer stack, and a conductive and light transmissive layer. The supporting layer is proximate to a bottom surface of the device. The semiconductor layer stack includes first and second semiconductor sub-layers, with the second sub-layer having a crystalline traction of at least approximately 85%. A conductive and light transmissive layer between the supporting layer and the semiconductor layer stack, where an Ohmic contact exists between the first semiconductor sub-layer and the conductive and light transmissive layer.12-04-2008
20080295881SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SOLAR CELL MODULE - On a projected plane in parallel to the main surface of the solar cell module 12-04-2008
20080295880Photoelectrochemical Photovoltaic Panel and Method to Manufacture Thereof - A Photoelectrochemical Photovoltaic Panel (PPP) comprising a number of individual substrates (12-04-2008
20130160814METHOD FOR CONVERTING SOLAR ENERGY - The present invention discloses a method for converting solar energy, comprises the following step of: providing a photovoltaic panel comprising a plurality of photovoltaic cells for gathering solar energy and converting the incident solar energy into electric energy; providing a multi-layer assembly comprising N layers, each layer adapted to contain a fluid stream; distributing the fluid streams to be heated into the N layers; rising temperature of the fluid streams within each layer of the multi-layer assembly by the heating of the multi-layer assembly and the photovoltaic panel; and collecting the heated fluid stream from the N layers; wherein N is a positive integer.06-27-2013
20130160815Photovoltaic Cell Having Discontinuous Conductors - Photovoltaic device includes a wafer, wherein it comprises a plurality of discontinuous first conductors oriented in a first direction, which conductors are interrupted in interconnection zones, and in that at least one second conductor electrically connects the first conductors to one another in the interconnection zones, and in that it includes at least one metal strip or braid fastened to at least one electrical conductor, this at least one metal strip or braid including fastening zones in which it is mechanically and electrically connected to an electrical conductor and non-connected zones in which the metal strip or braid is not mechanically fastened to an electrical conductor.06-27-2013
20110017261SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module 01-27-2011
20110017257MULTI-JUNCTION SOLAR MODULE AND METHOD FOR CURRENT MATCHING BETWEEN A PLURALITY OF FIRST PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES AND SECOND PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - A multi-junction solar module apparatus. The apparatus has a substrate member. The apparatus has a plurality of first photovoltaic devices arranged in a first spatial configuration, which is preferably disposed on a first planar region. In a specific embodiment, the plurality of first photovoltaic devices are numbered from 1 through N, where N is an integer greater than 1. Each of the plurality of first solar cells has a first bandgap characteristic. The apparatus has a plurality of second photovoltaic devices arranged in a second spatial configuration, which is preferably disposed in a second planar region. The plurality of second photovoltaic devices are numbered from 1 through M, where M is an integer greater than 1. In a preferred embodiment, N is not equal to M. Each of the second solar cells has a second band gap characteristic. In a specific embodiment, a first connector interconnects the plurality of first solar cells in a serial configuration. The first connector has a first terminal end and a second terminal end. A second connector interconnects the plurality of second solar cells in a serial configuration. The second connector has a first terminal end and a second terminal end. In a specific embodiment, a third connector connecting the second terminal end of the first connector and the first terminal end of the second connector. In a specific embodiment, a Vss node is coupled to the first terminal end of the first connector. In a specific embodiment, a Vdd node is coupled to the second terminal end of the second connector. In a preferred embodiment, N and M are selected to match a first current through the plurality of first solar cells and a second current through the plurality of second solar cells.01-27-2011
20130133716CONNECTION DEVICE FOR CONNECTING AN ELECTRIC COMPONENT INTO A CURRENT PATH - A connection device is provided for connecting an electric component into a current path. The connection device comprises a housing having a locking means for locking the housing onto a busbar, a pivotable holding means, into which the electric component can be inserted and connected into the current path by pivoting the holding means; and a terminal clamp, which is connected directly, via the electric component which is connected into the current path, to at least one spring contact, which is provided in the housing and contacts the busbar when the housing is locked on.05-30-2013
20100089431TIME AVERAGED MODULATED DIODE APPARATUS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATION - DC-DC converters are described that employ a time-averaged modulated bypass diode to facilitate the efficient harvest of power in photovoltaic systems.04-15-2010
20100089432PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE COMPRISING LAYER WITH CONDUCTING SPOTS - The invention pertains to a photovoltaic (PV) module comprising a plurality of cells, each cell containing a substrate, a transparent conductor layer, a photovoltaic layer, and a back-electrode layer, wherein the photovoltaic layer comprises at least one p-i-n or n-i-p silicon layer, characterized in that said silicon layer comprises 10 to 1000 conducting spots of recrystallized silicon per cm04-15-2010
20120266932DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - Disclosed herein is a dye-sensitized solar cell module that can appropriately prevent the occurrence of internal short-circuit in its individual dye-sensitized solar cells, achieves high power generation efficiency, has excellent workability, and can be produced with high productivity. The dye-sensitized solar cell module has a first electrode base material having one first base material and a plurality of first electrode layers formed in a pattern on the first base material, a plurality of second electrode base materials each having at least a second electrode layer, a plurality of porous layers provided either on the first electrode layers of the first electrode base material or on the second electrode layers of the second electrode base materials and containing a dye-sensitizer-supported fine particle of a metal oxide semiconductor, and a plurality of solid electrolyte layers.10-25-2012
20110023932PHOTOSENSITIZED SOLAR CELL, PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF AND PHOTOSENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - A photosensitized solar cell characterized in that at least a catalyst layer 02-03-2011
20110030756PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE SHEET FOR SOLAR PANEL, SOLAR PANEL USING THE PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE SHEET, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR PANEL USING THE PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE SHEET - A pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet for a solar panel according to the present invention is a pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet for use to seal silicon cells and includes a fluorine-containing resin film base and, on at least one side thereof, a pressure-sensitive adhesive layer. The pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet for a solar panel according to the present invention, when used to seal silicon cells, enables the manufacture of a solar panel with improved productivity and workability, while avoiding problems caused by vacuum hot pressing, such as damage to the wiring and process contamination due to squeezing out of the sealing resin.02-10-2011
20130160812BACK CONTACT PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH INTEGRATED GLASS BACK-SHEET - A back-contact solar cell module comprises an array of back-contact solar cells having a substantially common coefficient of thermal expansion and a glass back-sheet having a coefficient of thermal expansion that is within 15% of the coefficient of thermal expansion of the solar cells of the solar cell array. The glass back-sheet has at least two conductive circuits formed of sintered metal and glass on a surface of the glass back-sheet. Electrical contacts on the back side of the solar cells of the solar cell array are physically and electrically connected to the conductive circuits formed on the glass back-sheet. Processes for making such back-contact solar cell modules are also provided.06-27-2013
20120031460SOLAR BATTERY AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF - A solar battery including a transparent conductive film; and a solar battery element, wherein the transparent conductive film is bonded to a surface of the solar battery element, and the transparent conductive film is electrically connected to the solar battery element.02-09-2012
20100170555SOLAR CELL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELLS AND ELECTRIC CONDUCTOR TRACK - The solar cell has at least one semiconductor layer arranged on a metal support and is provided with a plurality of contact tracks arranged on the semiconductor layer. A lateral projection by at least one contact track is bent around onto a reverse of the support and arranged so as to be electrically insulated from the support. Adjacently arranged solar cells are preferably inter-connected by conductor tracks which have a perforated form in order to allow local contact-connections by soldering through.07-08-2010
20100313929CELL ISOLATION ON PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES FOR HOT SPOT REDUCTION - Embodiments of the present invention provide methods for fabricating a solar cell on a substrate that have proportionally reduced current to minimize or reduce the likelihood of shading of a portion of the solar cell causing damage to the formed device. In one embodiment, a method for fabricating a series of solar cell arrays on a substrate includes providing a substrate having a TCO layer formed thereon, forming a first plurality of vertical scribing lines and a first plurality of horizontal scribing lines in the TCO layer, forming a film stack and a back metal layer on the scribed TCO layer, and forming a second plurality of the horizontal scribing lines in the film stack and the back metal layer, wherein the second plurality of horizontal scribing lines comprise pairs of scribing lines formed adjacent to each respective one of the first plurality of the horizontal scribing lines formed in the TCO layer.12-16-2010
20110277807PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE - A photoelectric conversion module including an electrolyte inlet allowing an electrolyte to be introduced to at least two neighboring photoelectric cells simultaneously, reducing the number of electrolyte inlets needed to fill photoelectric cells.11-17-2011
20110277808MEMS SOLAR CELL DEVICE AND ARRAY - A microelectromechanical system (MEMS) solar cell device. The MEMS solar cell device includes a substrate, a sensing membrane exposed to light radiation being spaced from the substrate, a collector electrode disposed between the substrate and the sensing membrane, and a cavity defined between the sensing membrane and the collector electrode. The collector electrode collects charge carriers generated by light radiation on the sensing membrane within the cavity. A solar module or panel may be provided including a plurality of the cells arranged in an array on a substrate.11-17-2011
20110277814Solar Cell Module and Method of Manufacturing Same - Disclosed is a solar cell module wherein the stresses exerted on a solar cell module are relaxed. Specifically, disclosed is a solar cell module which comprises: a plurality of solar cell elements each including a light receiving surface and a rear surface positioned on a reverse side oppositely away from the light receiving surface; and leads connecting one of the solar cell elements and another adjacent solar cell element and including a connection portion connected to one surface of the one solar cell element. At least one of the solar cell elements has a wavy shape in a lengthwise direction of the connection portion.11-17-2011
20110277812PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE CONDUCTING LAYER - A multilayered structure may include a doped buffer layer on a transparent conductive oxide layer.11-17-2011
20110277813Arrays of Ultrathin Silicon Solar Microcells - Provided are solar cells, photovoltaics and related methods for making solar cells, wherein the solar cell is made of ultrathin solar grade or low quality silicon. In an aspect, the invention is a method of making a solar cell by providing a solar cell substrate having a receiving surface and assembling a printable semiconductor element on the receiving surface of the substrate via contact printing. The semiconductor element has a thickness that is less than or equal to 100 μm and, for example, is made from low grade Si.11-17-2011
20110277811EXTERNAL ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS FOR SOLAR MODULES - Provided are low profile, water-resistant and touch safe electrical connectors for solar modules. According to various embodiments, the electrical connectors include a low-profile conductive stud, a low-profile sheath that surrounds the stud, and a socket to mate with the stud. According to various embodiments, the sheath and socket mate via keyed inter-engageable features. Also according to certain embodiments, the socket is fastened to the stud and/or sheath via snap fastening.11-17-2011
20110277810PHOTOVOLTAIC ASSEMBLY WITH HEATING CURTAINS - A photovoltaic assembly includes a photovoltaic panel, two curtains and two rollers. The photovoltaic panel is for converting light into electricity and comprising two opposite surfaces. Two curtains are for absorbing solar heat to roast the photovoltaic panel when the two curtains are disposed to cover the two opposite surfaces of the photovoltaic panel. Each of the two curtains includes a stack of a reflective layer, a high thermal capacity layer and a transparent layer. The high thermal capacity layer is sandwiched between the reflective layer and the transparent layer. The reflective layer is closer to the photovoltaic panel than the high thermal capacity layer and the transparent layer are when the two curtains cover the two opposite surfaces of the photovoltaic panel. Each roller includes a rotatable shaft for rolling each of the two curtains.11-17-2011
20110277809Modular Tensile Structure with Integrated Photovoltaic Modules - A tensile structure is provided that includes a plurality of vertical support members, one of the vertical support members being taller than all others of the vertical support members. A plurality of securing members is connected between the vertical support members and ground. A membrane is attached to and extending between the vertical support members to form a roof of the tensile structure, such that one corner of the membrane is raised with respect to the other corners. A plurality of flexible photovoltaic devices are integrated with the membrane.11-17-2011
20110277806LOW PROFILE FLEXIBLE PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL MEMBRANE SYSTEM - A low profile flexible photovoltaic cell system, which is particularly suitable for use on sloped surfaces such as hills, landfills, and the like, includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells adhered to a flexible membrane. The cells are aligned so that the electrical wiring for each cell is at an upper edge of the membrane as it would be located on a sloped surface. A flexible flap, preferably made out of the same flexible membrane, is bonded to the flexible membrane immediately above the top edges of the aligned photovoltaic cells. The flap extends downwardly and covers the electrical connections of the photovoltaic cells. The free end of the flap is, in turn, fixed to the membrane fastened to areas between adjacent photovoltaic cells using a hook and tile type fastener, or a strap, or other type of connector. This protects the electrical connections of the photovoltaic cells from the elements, in particular, water, snow and ice, but can be easily opened for inspection or repair.11-17-2011
20110132424VIBRATION MEDIATED NETWORKS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - A system and method to optimize the overall power output of a photovoltaic solar array. The solar panels are connected to software adjustable power optimizing devices, which in turn are connected to a mesh network with individual router devices. The individual router devices will send and receive data packets by creating or detecting vibrations in a solid vibration conducting media (such as the solar power wiring) that connects the individual photovoltaic solar panels. Often at least one centralized control device is used to periodically request sensor data packets from the individual router devices and solar panels. The centralized control device will typically compute the proper adjustments for the individual adjustable power optimizing devices that will optimize the overall power output from the photovoltaic solar array. The control device will then send adjustment data packets back to the individual router devices through the mesh network, thus optimizing overall power output.06-09-2011
20110126878INTERCONNECT TECHNOLOGIES FOR BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES - Methods and systems for interconnecting back contact solar cells. The solar cells preferably have reduced area busbars, or are entirely busbarless, and current is extracted from a variety of points on the interior of the cell surface. The interconnects preferably relieve stresses due to solder reflow and other thermal effects. The interconnects may be stamped and include external or internal structures which are bonded to the solder pads on the solar cell. These structures are designed to minimize thermal stresses between the interconnect and the solar cell. The interconnect may alternatively comprise porous metals such as wire mesh, wire cloth, or expanded metal, or corrugated or fingered strips. The interconnects are preferably electrically isolated from the solar cell by an insulator which is deposited on the cell, placed on the cell as a discrete layer, or laminated directly to desired areas of the interconnect.06-02-2011
20110271997SUPPORT DEVICE FOR A SOLAR POWER GENERATOR ASSEMBLY, SOLAR POWER GENERATOR ASSEMBLY COMPRISING SAID DEVICE AND INSTALLATION METHOD THEREFOR - A support device for a solar power generator assembly is provided including a single piece support body for receiving at least part of a solar module and for being appended to a target surface, and having at least one housing formed therein for receiving ballast and attaching points for receiving corresponding projections formed on an attaching device. A solar power generator assembly may include at least one solar module fitted on said support device. Its simplicity and low weight make that a cost effective solar power generator assembly of the integrated type can be obtained that may become part of an existing standard building roof along with architectonical elements, with this being a simple and aesthetic solution for solar energy production.11-10-2011
20090038671SOLAR CELL ARRAY AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell array is formed by connecting an n-type electrode of a first solar cell included in a plurality of solar cells and a p-type electrode of a second solar cell with each other. An n-type electrode of a protective diode is connected to the p-type electrode of the first solar cell, while a p-type electrode of the protective diode is connected to the p-type electrode of the second solar cell. According to this structure, a solar cell array capable of reducing the number of welded points with respect to bonded portions of the solar cells as well as a process time and a solar cell module including the same can be provided.02-12-2009
20100294328Photovoltaic Generator - A photovoltaic generator includes at least one lighting module powered by a battery, photovoltaic module and power supply unit. The light ray emitted by said lighting module is reflected and diffused by the reflecting layer provided in an inner side of the lighting module and directed towards the surface of the photovoltaic module. The photovoltaic module transforms the light into electricity and distributes the power to electrical devices or recharges the battery to prolong the operational life of the generator by connecting with the power supply unit.11-25-2010
20130160810PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MAKING - A photovoltaic device having n-i-p or p-i-n configuration is presented. The device includes a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer and an intrinsic layer interposed between the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer. The intrinsic layer includes cadmium, tellurium and oxygen. Method of making a photovoltaic device is also provided.06-27-2013
20130160811SOLAR POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS AND SOLAR BATTERY - A solar battery includes a substrate, a solar panel arranged on the substrate, a positive electrode with a protruding positive electrode contact and a negative electrode with a protruding negative electrode contact arranged on the substrate, and a receiving recess. The receiving recess is defined between the solar panel and at least one of the positive electrode and the negative electrode. The receiving recess fittingly receives a positive electrode contact and/or a negative electrode contact of another similar solar battery, thus enabling the positive electrode contact of the another similar solar battery to be selectively and electrically connected to one of the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the another similar solar battery, and enabling or disabling the negative electrode contact of the another similar solar battery to be electrically connected to the negative electrode of the another similar solar battery.06-27-2013
20100024860Organic Photovoltaic Cells - Organic photovoltaic cells, as well as related components, photovoltaic systems, and methods, are disclosed.02-04-2010
20110265850SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module. In one embodiment, the solar cell module includes a substrate, a battery unit, a first strip electrode and a second strip electrode. The substrate has a plurality of power generation zones and at least one cutting zone, and the cutting zone is located among the power generation zones. The battery unit is disposed on the power generation zones and the cutting zones of the substrate. The first strip electrode is disposed on the battery unit, and located at a first end power generation zone of the power generation zones. The second strip electrode is disposed on the battery unit, and located at a second end power generation zone of the power generation zones.11-03-2011
20100224227Energy generating device and method - A photovoltaic module is described, the module including at least one photovoltaic cell. The module also includes means for storing an identifier for the photovoltaic module, a sensor for sensing the value of at least one parameter indicative of the operation of the photovoltaic module and an electronic communication device for transmitting data comprising the value of the at least one parameter and the identifier for the photovoltaic module to a remote device. There is also described an electronic communication device for a photovoltaic module and an array of such photovoltaic modules, which may form an energy generation system. Methods of monitoring the operation of one or more photovoltaic modules as well as managing and communicating with the modules are also described.09-09-2010
20090084424MULTILAYER ACID TERPOLYMER ENCAPSULANT LAYERS AND INTERLAYERS AND LAMINATES THEREFROM - The present invention provides an acid terpolymer comprising multilayer film or sheet and safety laminates and solar cell pre-lamination assemblies comprising the same.04-02-2009
20110308565SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module includes: a plurality of photovoltaic cells including a layered body in which a first electrode layer, a power generation layer, and a second electrode layer are layered in series, the photovoltaic cells being electrically connected with each other in series; a scribe line separating the photovoltaic cells that are adjacent to each other in the photovoltaic cells; a scribe hole that is formed so as to penetrate through the power generation layer and the second electrode layer; and a bypass pathway that is formed of a shunt region, the shunt region being generated at a periphery of the scribe hole.12-22-2011
20110308563FLEXIBLE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES IN A CONTINUOUS ROLL - Provided are novel flexible photovoltaic assemblies and installation techniques. The assemblies include multiple flexible photovoltaic (PV) modules that are electrically connected and individually sealed. The modules may be sealed using a flexible material that provides protection from the environment and/or mechanical support to the cells and modules. These assemblies can be bent and even rolled. Each PV module is individually sealed with a cut-off area is provided between two consecutive modules for separating the modules. The design allows separating any number of modules from a roll without compromising any module. The modules are electrically interconnected with each other while in the roll. As such, when a set of modules is separated from a roll, all modules in a set are electrically interconnected as well as having an integral mechanical structure. The assemblies allow easy cut-to-fit installation on rooftops or other points of installation.12-22-2011
20110308562PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS - Provided are novel photovoltaic module electrical connectors, photovoltaic assemblies including these connectors, and techniques for installing these connectors to sealed photovoltaic modules. According to various embodiments, the connectors have conductive contact tips that are configured to pierce through a module exterior and form an electrical connection to the photovoltaic cells sealed inside. In certain embodiments, the novel photovoltaic module electrical connectors can be positioned at any location along one or more edges of a module to establish an electrical connection to any cell of the module. The conductive contact tips establish mechanical contacts with contact layers inside the modules, and in certain embodiments partially or completely penetrate the contact layers, without shorting the photovoltaic cells. In certain embodiments, the connectors have positive stop features that control penetration distances of the conductive contact tips into a module.12-22-2011
20120000505THIN FILM PHOTOELECTRIC COVERSION MODULE - A thin film photoelectric conversion module is provided. The thin film photoelectric conversion module comprises a back electrode layer, a plurality of thin film photoelectric conversion cells, a front electrode layer and a plurality of opaque materials. The thin film photoelectric conversion cells are disposed on the back electrode layer in parallel to each other in a lengthwise direction. The front electrode layer is disposed on the thin film photoelectric conversion cells. Each of the opaque materials is disposed on a light-receiving surface of the front electrode layer and is traversing the thin film photoelectric conversion cells in a traversing direction to separate the thin film photoelectric conversion cells into a plurality of sub-arrays. In each of the sub-arrays, the thin film photoelectric conversion cells are connected in series along the traversing direction.01-05-2012
20120000503POWER BRICK ASSEMBLY CAPABLE OF GENERATING A MECHANICAL ROTARY POWER OUTPUT USING SOLAR ENERGY - The power brick assembly includes a solar energy collecting plate carried on a carrier for collecting solar energy to generate electrical energy. A first connecting port is mounted on the carrier so that the carrier is movable relative to the first connecting port. A mechanical rotary power generating unit includes a second connecting port mounted on a brick-like casing and connected electrically and detachably to the first connecting port so that the first connecting port is movable relative to the second connecting port. The brick-like casing receives a battery module for supplying electric power, a driving module for generating a mechanical rotary power output in response to an electric power input, and a control module operable to output the electric power input based on one of the electrical energy from the solar energy collecting plate and the electric power from the battery module.01-05-2012
20110271996METHOD FOR FIXING A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL CONNECTOR ON A SURFACE OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL, PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL CONNECTOR FORMING DIE, DEVICE FOR FIXING A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL CONNECTOR ON A SURFACE OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - In various embodiments, a method for patterning the surface of a solder-covered photovoltaic cell connector on the light-incidence side of a photovoltaic cell is provided. The method may include heating at least a part of the solder-covered photovoltaic cell connector which is in contact with the surface of the photovoltaic cell; patterning at least a part of the surface of the heated part of the solder-covered photovoltaic cell connector so that a predetermined surface pattern is formed; and cooling the photovoltaic cell connector by means of which the pattern is fixed on the solder-covered surface of the photovoltaic cell connector.11-10-2011
20110271998SOLAR CELL MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A solar cell module that causes no cost increase and prevents an electrical contact between an Ag back-side conducting layer and a connection portion between an extraction wire and a draw wire. According to an embodiment of the present invention, in a solar cell module including a solar cell 11-10-2011
20110197943Flow arrangement for a solar system - The invention relates to a flow arrangement (08-18-2011
20100170558Thin Layer Solar Cell Module and Method for Producing It - The invention concerns a process for producing a thin layer solar cell module with a plurality of segments that are electrically connected in series and arranged on a common substrate. The invention additionally concerns the corresponding thin layer solar cell modules and a production line that is suitable for conducting the production process. The process has steps for application of layers onto the substrate to form at least one electrode and one photoactive layer sequence and has steps for structuring the applied and/or to be applied layers to form the plurality of segments. At least one electrode and one photoactive layer sequence are applied before structuring steps are carried out.07-08-2010
20100170557High Efficiency Solar Cell With Surrounding Silicon Scavenger Cells - This invention relates to an improved high efficiency solar cell. The improvement comprises the addition of one or more silicon cells to surround at least a portion of the active region of the solar cell. Preferably, the silicon cells completely surround the active region of the solar cell. The silicon cells act as scavenger cells to absorb light that would otherwise not be absorbed by other components of the solar cell and to convert that energy to electricity.07-08-2010
20100170556MULTI-JUNCTION PV MODULE - A photovoltaic device is provided which includes a plurality of junction layers. Each junction layer includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells electrically connected to one another. At least one of the junction layers is at least in part optically transmissive. The junction layers are arranged in a stack on top of each other.07-08-2010
20110284052INTEGRATED DIODE ASSEMBLIES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - Provided are bypass diode assemblies for use in photovoltaic modules. Also provided are methods of fabricating such assemblies and a method of fabricating photovoltaic modules using such assemblies. A diode assembly may include an insulating strip, at least one lead-diode assembly having a diode and two leads, and at least two interconnecting conductors overlapping with and electrically contacting the leads of the lead-diode assembly. The insulating strip supports the lead-diode assembly and conductors and at least partially insulates these components from photovoltaic cells. Specifically, during module fabrication, the interconnecting conductors make electrical connections to the back sides of the cells through cutouts in the insulating strip. The electrical connections may be made to every cell in a row or a subset of selected cells in that row. In certain embodiments, the same interconnecting conductor is connected to two or more cells positioned in adjacent rows.11-24-2011
20110168231PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL ARRAY WITH MECHANICAL UNCOUPLING OF THE CELLS FROM THE CARRIER THEREOF - A solution is provided for reducing the mechanical coupling of the photovoltaic array of the solar generator in relation to the latter's support substrate. Indeed, the photovoltaic cell is very slender (a few tens of microns) and very fragile. When the latter is glued onto a substrate, it undergoes all the geometric deformations due to vibrations but especially to thermo-elastic effects, possibly leading to the breakage of the cells. The cell is fastened via a flexible system making it possible to decouple the cell from the deformations of the substrate while ensuring sufficient radiative coupling of the cell toward the substrate to avoid heating thereof in flight and loss of effectiveness thereof. The solution includes using photovoltaic cells with high-emissivity rear face (rear use of a metallization or kaptoning of the Ge or Ag substrate) that is fixed with the aid of Velcro onto the substrate.07-14-2011
20110162684METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THIN FILM TYPE SOLAR CELL, AND THIN FILM TYPE SOLAR CELL MADE BY THE METHOD - A method for manufacturing a thin film type solar cell and a thin film type solar cell manufactured by the method is disclosed. The method is comprised of a first process for forming a plurality of unit front electrode patterns at predetermined intervals on a substrate; a second process for forming a semiconductor layer pattern on the substrate, wherein the semiconductor layer pattern is comprised of a separating part to divide the solar cell into unit cells, and a contact part to connect the electrode patterns electrically; and a third process for forming a plurality of unit rear electrode patterns which are respectively connected with the unit front electrode patterns through the contact part, and are separated from one another by the separating part.07-07-2011
20120012151BACK CONTACT FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - The present invention relates to photovoltaic modules and methods of manufacturing photovoltaic modules.01-19-2012
20120012148HIGH SURFACE AREA PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - A high-surface area photovoltaic device is disclosed. A photovoltaic module created in accordance with the disclosed technique can include a three-dimensional multi-cell photovoltaic structure, a multi-three-dimensional cell photovoltaic structure, or a polyhedron formed with photovoltaic cells. Photovoltaic cells can be arranged along a three-dimensional surface cover of the photovoltaic device. The photovoltaic device can include internally-reflective surfaces to at least in part contain light within the photovoltaic device. A monolithic lens can be used to focus light on a photovoltaic cell within the photovoltaic device.01-19-2012
20110290299Solar Cell Module and Method of Manufacturing the Same - Provided is a solar cell module in which a stress of a solar cell string is relieved. A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cell elements, each including a light receiving surface and a back surface positioned on a back side of the light receiving surface, and a plurality of conductor wires, each connecting one of the solar cell elements to any of the solar cell elements which is adjacent thereto and including connecting portions to be connected to one surface of one of the solar cell elements, wherein the plurality of solar cell elements is protruded toward the light receiving surface side in a perpendicular section to a longitudinal direction of the connecting portions.12-01-2011
20110290298SOLAR CELL, SOLAR MODULE, AND METHOD FOR WIRING A SOLAR CELL, AND CONTACT WIRE - In various exemplary embodiments, a solar cell is provided, including a layer structure having at least one photovoltaic layer; and a plurality of contact wires running on the surface of the layer structure. The contact wires are wire-bonded radially with respect to their axis onto the surface of the layer structure.12-01-2011
20110290297Photovoltaic System, Photovoltaic Module and Method for Assembling a Photovoltaic System - A photovoltaic system features at least one photovoltaic module, a substructure for accommodating the at least one photovoltaic module, a first supporting element and a second supporting element can be at least partially pushed one into another such that at least two guide elements on a first supporting element engage in the second supporting element. One of the supporting elements is arranged on the rear side of the photovoltaic module and the other supporting element is arranged on the substructure.12-01-2011
20110297204METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPTIMIZING THE USE OF SOLAR ELECTRICAL POWER - A method for optimizing the use of solar electrical power is disclosed. An operating voltage is determined for a process and at least a second process. The process is selectively connected to a portion of a photovoltaic array having a maximum power point voltage matching the operating voltage of the process. The at least a second process is selectively connected to a respective at least a second portion of the photovoltaic array having a maximum power point voltage matching the operating voltage of the at least a second process. The photovoltaic array has an available amount of electrical power that is distributed to the process and the at least a second process.12-08-2011
20100294335PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A photovoltaic electrochromic device and a method of manufacturing the same are provided. According to the method, at least one thin-film solar cell is formed on a transparent substrate, wherein the thin-film solar cell at least includes an anode, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a cathode, and a portion of a surface of the anode is exposed from the thin film solar cell. An electrochromic thin film is then deposited on at least one surface of the cathode and the exposed surface of the anode. Thereafter, an electrolyte layer is formed on a surface of the thin-film solar cell to cover the electrochromic thin film. The anode and the cathode of the thin-film solar cell also serve as the anode and the cathode of the photovoltaic electrochromic device.11-25-2010
20090032082SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR COUPLING PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - System, methods and apparatus for coupling photovoltaic arrays are disclosed. The apparatus may include a first input adapted to couple to a neutral line of a first photovoltaic array; a second input adapted to couple to a neutral line of a second photovoltaic array; a contactor configured to switchably couple the neutral line of a first photovoltaic array to the a neutral line of a second photovoltaic array, the contactor being controllable by an electric control signal; and a control input adapted to couple the switch to a remotely located controller so as to enable the controller to control the first switch by sending the electric control signal.02-05-2009
20100006136MULTIJUNCTION HIGH EFFICIENCY PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME - Photovoltaic devices and methods of making photovoltaic devices are provided. The photovoltaic device comprises a plurality of solar cells electrically coupled to each other. The plurality of solar cells are formed of respective semiconductor material having different band gaps. Each solar cell includes a plurality of sub-junctions having a respective plurality of p-n junctions and at least one tunnel junction located between juxtaposed sub-junctions of the plurality of sub-junctions.01-14-2010
20110186102PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT, THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL, AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT MANUFACTURING METHOD - A photoelectric conversion element includes a substrate with an insulation layer having a metallic substrate and an electrical insulation layer formed on a surface of the metallic substrate, a diffusion prevention layer made of nitride and formed on the electrical insulation layer, an alkali supply layer containing an alkali metal element and formed on the diffusion prevention layer, a lower electrode formed on the alkali supply layer, a photoelectric conversion layer including a compound semiconductor layer and formed on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode formed on the photoelectric conversion layer. The electrical insulation layer includes an anodized film of aluminum, and the diffusion prevention layer prevents at least diffusion of the alkali metal element from the alkali supply layer to the substrate with the insulation layer.08-04-2011
20100275969ASSEMBLY TECHNIQUES FOR SOLAR CELL ARRAYS AND SOLAR CELLS FORMED THEREFROM - An assembly technique for assembling solar cell arrays is provided. During the fabrication of a solar cell, openings through the semiconductor layer are etched through to a top surface of the backmetal layer. The solar cells include an exposed top surface of the backmetal layer. A plurality of solar cells are assembled into a solar cell array where adjacent cells are interconnected in an electrically serial or parallel fashion solely from the top surface of the solar cells.11-04-2010
20100275966REDUCING PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY VOLTAGE DURING INVERTER RE-ENABLEMENT - An apparatus for harvesting solar power includes a photovoltaic array for generating a DC voltage; a discharge circuit for causing the DC voltage to decay from a first value to a second value; and an inverter circuit for transforming an output voltage from the discharge circuit into an AC voltage.11-04-2010
20100031995PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE COMPRISING THIN LAMINAE CONFIGURED TO MITIGATE EFFICIENCY LOSS DUE TO SHUNT FORMATION - A photovoltaic cell can be formed from a thin semiconductor lamina cleaved from a substantially crystalline wafer. Shunts may inadvertently be formed through such a lamina, compromising device performance. By physically severing the lamina into a plurality of segments, the segments of the lamina preferably electrically connected in series, loss of efficiency due to shunt formation may be substantially reduced. In some embodiments, adjacent laminae are connected in series into strings, and the strings are connected in parallel to compensate for the reduction in current caused by severing the lamina into segments.02-11-2010
20100031994Wafer Level Interconnection of Inverted Metamorphic Multijunction Solar Cells - A method of forming a plurality of discrete, interconnected solar cells mounted on a carrier by providing a first semiconductor substrate; depositing on the first substrate a sequence of layers of semiconductor material forming a solar cell structure; forming a metal back contact layer over the solar cell structure; mounting a carrier on top of the metal back contact; removing the first substrate; and lithographically patterning and etching the solar cell structure to form a plurality of discrete solar cells mounted on the carrier.02-11-2010
20100031997FLEXIBLE THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES AND MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A continuous flexible sheet for use in fabricating flexible solar cell modules is provided. The continuous flexible sheet includes an elongated protective sheet having a front surface and a back surface. The back surface includes at least two barrier regions and an at least one separation region. At least two moisture barrier layers attached to the at least two barrier regions. The at least one separation region surrounds and physically separates the at least two barrier layers attached to the at least two barrier regions.02-11-2010
20100032002DEVICE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COUPLING MULTIPLE PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - A photovoltaic system, method and apparatus are disclosed. In an exemplary embodiment, the system includes a power converter configured to convert power from one form to another form, and an interface portion adapted to couple to the power converter, a first photovoltaic array, a second photovoltaic array, and a third photovoltaic array. In variations, the interface portion is configured to modulate an application of a voltage from the first photovoltaic array to the second and third photovoltaic arrays so as to adjust a voltage applied from the three photovoltaic arrays to the power converter.02-11-2010
20100032000SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is a solar cell module capable of restraining a decrease in the module output. In the solar cell module, a plurality of solar cells are arranged between a light-receiving surface protection member 02-11-2010
20100031996STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A continuous manufacturing method to form a continuous multi-module device including a plurality of solar cell modules is provided. The continuous multi-module device can be cut into sections including a desired number of solar cell modules that can be used in solar energy applications. The number of solar cells in the desired section can be advantageously electrically connected by connecting power output wires that outwardly extend from each solar cell module. If any solar cell module malfunctions during its use, that portion may be easily removed and the remaining modules are reconnected.02-11-2010
20110214709NANOSTRUCTURE AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL IMPLEMENTING SAME - Nanostructures and photovoltaic structures are disclosed. Methods for creating nanostructures are also presented.09-08-2011
20110214708SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL DEVICE - The solar cell module and the solar cell device have excellent insulation properties, reduced fluctuation of leakage current and high withstand voltage. The solar cell module includes a metal substrate having a metal base and an insulation layer formed on at least one side of the metal base, and a semiconductor circuit provided on the metal substrate. The metal base is connected to a predetermined part of an electric path having a first potential between a minimum potential and a maximum potential of the semiconductor circuit, and a potential of the metal base is maintained at the first potential of the part of the electric path of the semiconductor circuit during the operation of the semiconductor circuit.09-08-2011
20100101626SOLAR BATTERY APPARATUS, PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM APPARATUS - A solar battery apparatus 04-29-2010
20100101624PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND MODULAR PANEL MADE WITH IT TO COLLECT RADIANT SOLAR ENERGY - A photovoltaic module (04-29-2010
20120097210SOLAR CELL MODULE HAVING A CONDUCTIVE PATTERN PART - A solar cell module is discussed. The solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells each including a plurality of first current collectors and a plurality of second current collectors, a first protective layer positioned on incident surfaces of the solar cells, a transparent member positioned on the first protective layer, and a conductive pattern part positioned on non-incident surfaces of the plurality of solar cells. The conductive pattern part includes a first pattern having a plurality of first protrusions connected to first current collectors of one solar cell and a second pattern having a plurality of second protrusions connected to second current collectors of the one solar cell. The plurality of first current collectors and the plurality of second current collectors are positioned on a surface of each solar cell on which light is not incident.04-26-2012
20120097208METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION AND SERIES CONNECTION OF STRIP-SHAPED ELEMENTS ON A SUBSTRATE - Provided is a method for generating, and for connecting in series, stripe-shaped elements, wherein less space is required for the series connection as compared to the prior art.04-26-2012
20110259392THIN FILM SOLAR CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin film solar cell and a method of manufacturing the same are discussed. The method of manufacturing the thin film solar cell includes forming a masking jig in a first region of a substrate, forming a first electrode in a second region of the substrate, forming a photoelectric conversion unit on the first electrode formed in the second region of the substrate to produce electricity using light incident on the photoelectric conversion unit, and forming a second electrode on the photoelectric conversion unit formed in the second region of the substrate.10-27-2011
20100084001SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module, a plurality of solar cells are provided between a front surface protection member and a back surface protection member and bus bar electrodes 04-08-2010
20100101623PACKAGING STRUCTURE - A packaging structure with a box for containing at least a portable electronic device is provided. The box has plates, which are connected to one another and surrounded to form an opening for the portable electronic device passing through, and a lid selectively covering or exposing the opening. First solar cells each fastened on an inner surface of each plate in the box. At least a cable electrically connects the first solar cells and is operated for electrically connecting the portable electronic device.04-29-2010
20100101625Terrestrial Solar Tracking Photovoltaic Array - The terrestrial solar tracking photovoltaic array includes a longitudinal support that may be constructed of discrete sections. The overall length of the array may be adjusted depending upon the necessary size of the array. A drive may be configured to rotate the longitudinal support in first and second directions about a first axis. Solar cell modules are positioned along the longitudinal support and may each include a rectangular case with a plurality of lenses that are positioned over corresponding receivers. Linkages may be connected to the solar cell modules and are axially movable along the longitudinal support to rotate the solar cell modules within second planes that each orthogonal to the first plane to further track the sun during the course of the day. The array may be configured to facilitate rotation about the first axis. The array may be constructed with a center of gravity of the array to extending through the longitudinal support.04-29-2010
20100065102PHOTOVOLTAICS USING CONCAVE SURFACE COLUMN ARRAY TO ENHANCE SUNLIGHT ABSORPTION - A photovoltaic device forming a solar cell includes a first surface on a first column and a second surface on a second column, wherein the first surface is applied with a first light absorption media and the second surface is applied with a second light absorption media. The first surface and the second surface form a resonance cavity that can trap incident light entering to enhance light absorption.03-18-2010
20090272421Separating and assembling semiconductor strips - A method and an apparatus for separating elongated semiconductor strips from a wafer of semiconductor material are disclosed. Vacuum is applied to the face of each elongated semiconductor strip forming an edge of the wafer or being adjacent to the edge. The wafer and a source of the vacuum are displaced to separate each elongated semiconductor strip from the wafer. Further, a method and an apparatus for assembling elongated semiconductor strips separated from a wafer of semiconductor material into an array of the strips are disclosed. Still further, methods, apparatuses, and systems for assembling an array of elongated semiconductor strips on a substrate are disclosed.11-05-2009
20110056532Method for manufacturing thin crystalline solar cells pre-assembled on a panel - A method for fabricating a photovoltaic (PV) cell panel wherein each of a plurality of silicon donor wafers has a separation layer formed on its upper surface, e.g., porous anodically etched silicon. On each donor wafer, a PV cell is then partially completed including at least part of inter-cell interconnect, after which plural donor wafers are laminated to a backside substrate or frontside. All of the donor wafers are then separated from the partially completed PV cells in an exfoliation process, followed by simultaneous completion of the remaining PV cell structures on PV cells. Finally, a second lamination to a frontside glass or a backside panel completes the PV cell panel. The separated donor wafers may be reused in forming other PV cells. Use of epitaxial deposition to form the layers of the PV cells enables improved dopant distributions and sharper junction profiles for improved PV cell efficiency.03-10-2011
20090145472PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES HAVING CONDUCTIVE PATHS FORMED THROUGH THE ACTIVE PHOTO ABSORBER - A solar PV module comprises an array of serially interconnected spaced PV solar cells on a common substrate, each cell comprising a 106-11-2009
20110168227SINGLE FACE CORRUGATED PLASTIC OR ALUMINUM SOLAR COLLECTOR - The present invention is a single face corrugated plastic solar collector. The invention incorporates an air flow with a unique cross-over pattern to maximize surface coverage. The solar collector creates energy by forcing air through a single-sided corrugated plastic or aluminum sheet, which is exposed to the sun for the purpose of heating buildings, appliances, pools and other areas and equipment. Air flow is initially powered by multiple photovoltaic cell powered blower motors to maximize aft flow with minimal air pressure. Air volume is kept high within the corrugated plastic with minimal pressure verses atmospheric pressure to seal the aft within the area of the corrugations. The solar collector allows for maximum solar coverage, low cost per square foot coverage, ease of shipping and simplicity of installation.07-14-2011
20110000519PIVOT-FIT CONNECTION APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A system and method are disclosed for quickly and easily assembling PV modules into a PV array in a sturdy and durable manner. In examples of the present technology, the system includes various couplings having a first engaging portion adapted to engage a first PV module and a second engaging portion adapted to engage a second PV module. At least one of the engaging portions allows variable positioning of the engaged PV module along the engaging portion.01-06-2011
20120024340Solar Cells With Localized Silicon/Metal Contact For Hot Spot Mitigation and Methods of Manufacture - Embodiments of the invention are directed to photovoltaic cells, modules and methods of making the same. The photovoltaic devices comprise a superstrate, a front contact layer on the superstrate, a photoabsorber layer on the front contact, a patterned discontinuous conductive layer on the photoabsorber layer, a back contact layer in contact with the photoabsorber layer and the patterned discontinuous conductive layer and a reflective layer on the back contact layer.02-02-2012
20120024339Photovoltaic Module Including Transparent Sheet With Channel - Photovoltaic modules and methods for making photovoltaic modules are disclosed. In one or more embodiments of the invention, the photovoltaic module includes a transparent sheet with a channel to accommodate a conductive member.02-02-2012
20120024338Back Contact Formation - A photovoltaic cell may include a carbon residue and a copper ion on a cadmium telluride layer.02-02-2012
20120024336CHARGE CONTROL OF SOLAR CELL PASSIVATION LAYERS - The present invention relates to the charge control of the front and back passivation layers of a solar cell, which allows a common passivation material to be used on both the front and back surfaces of a solar cell. A solar cell according to one embodiment of the present invention comprises an emitter and a base. The cell further includes a first passivation layer adjacent the emitter, the first passivation layer having a charge. The cell also includes a second passivation layer adjacent the base, the second passivation layer having a charge opposite to the charge of the first passivation layer, wherein the first passivation layer and the second passivation layer include a common passivation material. The first and second passivation layers can include any suitable dielectric material capable of holding either a positive or a negative charge, and each of the first and second passivation layers can be charged at any suitable point during manufacture of the cell, including during or after deposition of the passivation layer(s).02-02-2012
20100243023Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel Support System - A solar power system is mounted to a solar power componentry support structure (09-30-2010
20100059099PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - An object of the present invention is to provide a simple process to manufacture a wiring connecting photoelectric cells in a photoelectric conversion device. Another object of this invention is to prevent defective rupture from occurring in the said wiring. The photoelectric conversion device comprises a first and a second photoelectric conversion cells comprising respectively a first and a second single crystal semiconductor layers. First electrodes are provided on the downwards surfaces of the first and second photoelectric conversion cells, and second electrodes are provided on their upwards surfaces. The first and second photoelectric conversion cells are fixed onto a support substrate side by side. The second single crystal semiconductor layer has a through hole which reaches the first electrode. The second electrode of the first photoelectric conversion cell is extended to the through hole to be electrically connected to the first electrode of the second photoelectric conversion cell.03-11-2010
20100116315Active rare earth tandem solar cell - The use of rare-earth (RE and O, N, P) based materials to transition between two different semiconductor materials and enable up and/or down conversion of incident radiation is disclosed. Rare earth based oxides, nitrides and phosphides provide a wide range of lattice spacing enabling, compressive, tensile or stress-free lattice matching with Group IV, III-V, and Group II-VI compounds.05-13-2010
20100116312SOLAR CELLS - Organic photosensitive optoelectronic devices are disclosed. The devises are thin-film crystalline organic optoelectronic devices capable of generating a voltage when exposed to light, and prepared by a method including the steps of: depositing a first organic layer over a first electrode; depositing a second organic layer over the first organic layer; depositing a confining layer over the second organic layer to form a stack; annealing the stack; and finally depositing a second electrode over the second organic layer.05-13-2010
20120085384SOLAR PANELS WITH INTEGRATED CELL-LEVEL MPPT DEVICES - One embodiment of the present invention provides a solar cell panel that includes a front-side cover, a back-side cover, a number of solar cells situated between the front-side cover and the back-side cover, and a number of maximum power point tracking (MPPT) devices situated between the front-side cover and the back-side cover.04-12-2012
20120291840PATTERNED TEXTURED GLASS COMPATIBLE WITH LASER SCRIBING - Methods of isolating photovoltaic cells in a module by providing a textured glass substrate with a pattern of textured areas and a pattern of non-textured areas; forming a plurality of photovoltaic cells on the glass substrate; and isolating each of the cells from each adjacent cell to form the module. Glass substrates have a surface with a pattern of textured areas; and a pattern of non-textured areas, wherein the non-textured areas are in the form of strips having an average width of from 10 microns to 500 microns. Articles have a glass substrate having a surface comprising a pattern of textured areas and a pattern of non-textured areas; and a plurality of isolated photovoltaic cells formed on the glass substrate.11-22-2012
20110146744PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A photovoltaic (PV) cell is disclosed. The PV cell comprises a plurality of ultrafine structures embedded within a photo-active absorber layer comprising a n-type compound semiconductor.06-23-2011
20100018564SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module, a photovoltaic layer and a bonding layer 01-28-2010
20100116316TRUNCATED PYRAMID STRUCTURES FOR SEE-THROUGH SOLAR CELLS - The present disclosure presents a partially-transparent (see-through) three-dimensional thin film solar cell (3-D TFSC) substrate. The substrate includes a plurality of unit cells. Each unit cell structure has the shape of a truncated pyramid, and its parameters may be varied to allow a desired portion of sunlight to pass through.05-13-2010
20100122720Passive Rare Earth Tandem Solar Cell - The use of rare-earth (RE+O, N, P) based materials to transition between two semiconductor materials is disclosed. Rare earth based oxides, nitrides and phosphides provide a wide range of lattice spacings enabling, compressive, tensile or stress-free lattice matching with Group IV, III-V, and Group II-VI compounds. Disclosed embodiments include tandem solar cells.05-20-2010
20110197948DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL AND DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - Disclosed are a dye-sensitized solar cell and a dye-sensitized solar cell module that suppress a decrease in photoelectric conversion efficiency caused by dye adsorption to an insulation layer. The dye-sensitized solar cell is characterized by having a stacked structure wherein an electroconductive layer, a photoelectric conversion layer formed of a porous semiconductor layer into which a dye is absorbed, a porous insulation layer, a catalyst layer, and a counter-electrode electroconductive layer are stacked in this order on a light-transmissive support body, with an insulation cover part that is comprised of a material which differs from that of the porous insulation layer formed on at least a part of or on all of the surface of the porous insulation layer.08-18-2011
20110197944STACKABLE FLAT-ROOF/GROUND FRAMEWORK FOR SOLAR PANELS - A stackable flat-roof/ground framework (08-18-2011
20090293931ASYMMETRIC SURFACE TEXTURING FOR USE IN A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND METHOD OF MAKING - A novel surface texturing provides improved light-trapping characteristics for photovoltaic cells. The surface is asymmetric and includes shallow slopes at between about 5 and about 30 degrees from horizontal as well as steeper slopes at about 70 degrees or more from horizontal. It is advantageously used as either the front or back surface of a thin semiconductor lamina, for example between about 1 and about 20 microns thick, which comprises at least the base or emitter of a photovoltaic cell. In embodiments of the present invention, the shallow slopes are formed using imprint photolithography.12-03-2009
20100083998Solar Cell Receiver with a Glass Lid - A solar cell receiver for converting solar energy to electricity including a substrate, a III-V compound semiconductor multi-junction solar cell mounted on the substrate, a diode mounted on the substrate, including a body, an anode contact and a cathode contact, the diode coupled in parallel with the solar cell, output terminals mounted on the substrate and coupled to the solar cell and the diode for handling more than 10 watts of power, and at least one spacer and a transparent lid thereover configured to cover and protect the solar cell.04-08-2010
20090293932Mounting System for Weatherproof Surfaces - A mounting system for weatherproof surfaces is disclosed. According to one embodiment, an apparatus comprises a solar panel. A mounting mechanism is in contact with the solar panel. A bracket is in contact with a surface to which the solar panel is installed. The mounting mechanism engages and disengages from the bracket without use of tools.12-03-2009
20100084000ORGANIC PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND POLYMER USEFUL FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - Disclosed is a polymer containing a repeating unit (repeating unit A) composed of one structure represented by the formula (1) below one structure represented by the formula (2) below and one or more structures represented by the formula (3) below. In this polymer, the difference between the maximum number of carbons in the carbon main chain contained in an alkyl group represented by R04-08-2010
20100084002METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A SOLDERABLE LFC SOLAR CELL REAR SIDE AND A SOLAR MODULE FROM SUCH CONNECTED LFC SOLAR CELLS - A semiconductor component, especially in the form of a solar cell, comprises a semiconductor substrate of a planar design having a first side, a second side lying opposite thereto and a surface normal standing vertically on sides and, at least one dielectric passivation layer arranged on the second side, at least one electrically conductive contact layer arranged on the passivation layer, a well solderable cover layer arranged on the contact layer and an adhesive layer arranged between the cover layer and the contact layer.04-08-2010
20110192440COMPACT PARABOLIC SOLAR CONCENTRATORS AND COOLING AND HEAT EXTRACTION SYSTEM - The present invention discloses a compact solar concentrator module and array preferably with cooling and heat extraction system for converting solar energy to other energy forms preferably electric and thermal energies. The solar concentrator module comprises a vacant structure with a substantially reflective parabolic inside surface, as well as a focal device disposed within the vacant structure for receiving a solar energy converter or a solar cell preferably photovoltaic cell. the focal device being positioned proximate to the focal point of the reflective parabolic inside surface, and a transparent cover coupled to the vacant structure opposing to the reflective parabolic inside surface for transmitting sunlight therein.08-11-2011
20110265847THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A thin-film solar cell module includes a substrate, a plurality of thin-film solar cells, a first ribbon, and a second ribbon. The thin-film solar cells are disposed on the substrate in a first direction, and the thin-film solar cell module has an isolation zone between the two thin-film solar cells next to each other. Each of the thin-film solar cells includes a first electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a second electrode layer, in which the photoelectric conversion layer and the second electrode layer are disposed on the first electrode layer with a portion of the first electrode layer exposed. The first ribbon is used for connecting the exposed portion of the first electrode layer in each of the thin-film solar cells, and the second ribbon is used for connecting each of the second electrode layers.11-03-2011
20120227786CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE, SOLAR CELL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A conductive adhesive comprising conductive particles including metal, a thermosetting resin, a flux activator, and preferably a rheology control agent is provided. A melting point of the conductive particles is preferably 220° C. or lower. The conductive adhesive is used for electrically connecting and adhering wiring members 09-13-2012
20100078056OPTICAL TANDEM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL PANELS - A solar energy conversion device comprises a vertical stack of at least two panels stacked in a hierarchy from an upper panel to a lower panel with each of the panels including a matching array of solar cells having a different energy bandgap from other panels of solar cells in the vertical stack of panels. Each panel in the vertical stack may be arranged with one of the panels having solar cells with a higher energy bandgap situated in the hierarchy and in the stack above others of the panels containing solar cells with a lower energy bandgap. The top surface of the device is adapted for receiving solar energy incident upon the uppermost panel. Each upper panel absorbs a fraction of sunlight with larger solar photon energies larger than the energy bandgap thereof and transmits solar photons with photon energies less than larger solar photon energies to a remaining one of the panels lower in the hierarchy and positioned lower in the stack.04-01-2010
20100078060DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF - A dye-sensitized solar cell module and a production method for the same are provided. The dye-sensitized solar cell module comprises a base material; a back side plate; and a plurality of dye-sensitized solar cells provided in between the base material and the back side plate, each of the plurality of dye-sensitized solar cells including a first conductive layer provided on the base material; a second conductive layer; and a porous semiconductor layer provided between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer, wherein the plurality of dye-sensitized solar cells are electrically connected in series. In accordance with the present invention, in the dye-sensitized solar cell module, it is possible to prevent a decrease in durability of a film of a counter electrode with regard to thermal expansion and contraction of each of the layers due to the thermal history to a bending, a distortion, etc.04-01-2010
20100078055NANOSTRUCTURE AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL IMPLEMENTING SAME - A photovoltaic nanostructure according to one embodiment of the present invention includes an electrically conductive nanocable coupled to a first electrode, a second electrode extending along at least two sides of the nanocable, and a photovoltaically active p-n junction formed between the nanocable and the second electrode. A photovoltaic array according to one embodiment includes a plurality of photovoltaic nanostructures as recited above. Methods for forming nanostructures are also presented.04-01-2010
20100078059METHOD AND STRUCTURE FOR THIN FILM TANDEM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A tandem photovoltaic cell. The tandem photovoltaic cell includes a bifacial top cell and a bottom cell. The top bifacial cell includes a top first transparent conductive oxide material. A top window material underlies the top first transparent conductive oxide material. A first interface region is disposed between the top window material and the top first transparent conductive oxide material. The first interface region is substantially free from one or more entities from the top first transparent conductive oxide material diffused into the top window material. A top absorber material comprising a copper species, an indium species, and a sulfur species underlies the top window material. A top second transparent conductive oxide material underlies the top absorber material. A second interface region is disposed between the top second transparent conductive oxide material and the top absorber material. The bottom cell includes a bottom first transparent conductive oxide material. A bottom window material underlies the first bottom transparent conductive oxide material. A bottom absorber material underlies the bottom window material. A bottom electrode material underlies the bottom absorber material. The tandem photovoltaic cell further includes a coupling material free from a parasitic junction between the top cell and the bottom cell.04-01-2010
20100084003SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a circuit board and a plurality of solar cell elements. Each of the solar cell elements is partly fastened to the circuit board and is partly protrudent from the circuit board.04-08-2010
20110168228SOLAR PANEL JUNCTION BOX - A junction box is disclosed for a solar panel. The junction box can have a base portion and cover portion nesting together. The base portion can have an extending skirt portion and be secured to the solar panel and have one or more contacts for making electrical contact with the solar panel. All other electrical components of the junction box can reside in the top portion for ease of accessibility in making cable or wire connections and/or maintaining the electrical components therein. The cover portion can have one or more terminals for connecting to the one or more contacts of the bottom portion when the cover and base portion are brought together. The terminals can be configured and mounted to the cover to provide connection with cables, to be electrically connected to each other with electrical components, and to dissipate heat produced by the electrical components.07-14-2011
20110168225Photoelectric conversion module - A photoelectric conversion module including a pair of substrates facing each other and forming a space for containing an electrolyte therein, a sealing member placed along the edges of the pair of substrates to seal the electrolyte, defining a plurality of photoelectric cells between the pair of substrates, and having an open portion to form an electrolyte inlet, and an inlet sealer formed along the electrolyte inlet. The photoelectric conversion module has improved durability, reliability, and mass-productivity.07-14-2011
20090205698PHOTOVOLTAIC APPLICATIONS OF NON-CONJUGATED CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS - A photovoltaic structure having an electrode of a glass substrate coated with a high work function metal to which a film of a combination of a non-conjugated conductive polymer and an electron acceptor such as fullerene is applied. The structure has a second electrode of a low work function metal that has been coated on the glass substrate. This glass substrate with the low work function metal is applied to the film. Among the non-conjugated polymers are polyisoprene, poly(β-pinene), cis-polyisoprene, styrene-butadiene-rubber copolymer, polynobornene and polyalloocimene.08-20-2009
20090188544Nanowire-Based Device And Array With Coaxial Electrodes - A nanowire-based photonic device and an array employ nanowires connecting between coaxially arranged electrodes in a non-uniform manner along a vertical extent of the electrodes. The device includes a pair of the electrodes separated by a circumferential gap. The nanowires chaotically emanate from an inner electrode of the pair and connect across the circumferential gap to an outer electrode of the pair. The array includes an outer electrode having an interconnected pattern of cells and inner electrodes, one per cell, arranged coaxially with and separated from the outer electrode by respective circumferential gaps. The nanowires chaotically emanate from the inner electrodes and connect across the respective circumferential gaps of the cells to the outer electrode. The device and the arrays further include a semiconductor junction between the electrodes.07-30-2009
20090120485Method and System for Connecting Solar Cells or Slices in a Panel System - A method and system include a plurality of solar cells and a plurality of voltage controllers. Each of the plurality of solar cells is directly coupled to a dedicated one of the plurality of voltage controllers to form unique pairs of solar cells and voltage controllers. Each of a plurality of panels contain a plurality of unique pairs.05-14-2009
20100126549SOLAR CELL MODULE WITH A LUMINOUS ELEMENT - A solar cell module having an integrally-arranged light emitting device, including a reinforced glass; upper and lower EVA films underlying the reinforced glass; a plurality of solar cells arranged between the upper and lower EVA films and connected in series or parallel by conductive ribbons to convert solar energy into electric energy; a backing sheet underlying the lower EVA film; and a control box arranged under the backing sheet, and including a battery or capacitor and a circuit board. The light emitting device is arranged under the reinforced glass, wherein the circuit board controls electric energy, which is charged in the battery or capacitor by the solar cells at daytime, to be applied to the light emitting device at night to turn on the light emitting device. The circuit board has a switch unit, and by operating the switch unit, charges electric energy to the battery or capacitor if the electric energy is inputted from the solar cells, and discharges the electric energy from the battery or capacitor to turn on the light emitting device if no electric energy is inputted from the solar cells.05-27-2010
20130098420INTERCONNECTING STRIPS FOR BUILDING INTEGRABLE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - Provided are novel interconnecting strips for electrically connecting building integrable photovoltaic (BIPV) modules in a photovoltaic array. An interconnecting strip can be provided between a building structure and the BIPV modules, with electrical connections established by lowering the modules onto the strip previously positioned on the structure. The strip can includes two or more terminal groups aligned with different rows of BIPV modules. Each terminal group includes two or more connector terminals for connecting to the modules in that row. The interconnecting strip also includes leads extending between terminal groups and connecting connector terminals of different groups. In certain embodiments, terminal groups are offset with respect to adjacent groups to align with BIPV modules that are similarly offset to provide a moisture barrier. The interconnecting strip may be reconfigured in the field to provide different electrical connection schemes among BIPV modules.04-25-2013
20130098422Photovoltaic Module - A photovoltaic module includes a substrate, a plurality of cell sets, a first collecting electrode and a second collecting electrode. The cell sets are disposed on the substrate. Each of the cell sets includes a plurality of cell units, a bottom connecting electrode and an upper connecting electrode. The plurality of cell units are electrically connected to each other in series. The cell units are electrically connected between the bottom connecting electrode and the upper connecting electrode. The first collecting electrode is disposed on the substrate and is electrically connected to the bottom connecting electrode of every cell set. The second collecting electrode is disposed on the substrate and is electrically connected to the upper connecting electrode of every cell set. The second collecting electrode and the cell sets are substantially made of the same layer.04-25-2013
20130098423SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A solar battery module includes: a plurality of solar battery cells, a plain shape of each being a substantial rectangle, and a ratio of a short side length and a long side length of the substantial rectangle being 1/n:1 (n is an integer equal to or larger than 2), includes a plurality of light-receiving-surface bus electrodes parallel to the short side of the substantial rectangle on a light receiving surface, and includes rear-surface bus electrodes each at a position on a non-light-receiving surface corresponding to each of the light-receiving-surface bus electrodes; and a light-receiving-surface lead (an interconnector) that electrically connects the light-receiving-surface bus electrodes of one of the solar battery cells to the rear-surface bus electrodes of adjacent one of the solar battery cells.04-25-2013
20090283128Method and system for activating and deactivating an energy generating system - A method for activating a local converter for one of a plurality of energy generating devices in an energy generating array is provided. The local converter includes a power stage and a local controller. The method includes comparing a device voltage for the energy generating device to a voltage activation level. The local converter is automatically activated when the device voltage exceeds the voltage activation level.11-19-2009
20090283127Method of Manufacturing Photoelectric Conversion Element and the Photoeletric Conversion Element - Disclosed is a method of manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element including a substrate and a stacked body configured of a plurality of compound semiconductor layers of different compositions sequentially stacked on the substrate, and having at least one pn junction in the stacked body. This method includes the steps of forming the stacked body configured of the plurality of compound semiconductor layers of different compositions sequentially stacked on the substrate; forming a protective film on the stacked body; forming a groove by removing at least a portion of the stacked body by at least one method selected from the group consisting of a mechanical removing method, dry etching and laser scribing; etching a side wall of the groove using an etching solution after forming the protective film and the groove; and cutting a portion corresponding to the groove for separation into a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements. Also disclosed is a photoelectric conversion element obtained by this method.11-19-2009
20090266397SOLAR BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM AND OPTIONAL SOLAR HYDROGEN PRODUCTION SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE PROPULSION - A product includes a vehicle battery, capable of being charged using solar energy, a plurality of photovoltaic cells, arranged in at least one of series or parallel, forming an array that produces a self-regulated voltage and current for charging the vehicle battery using solar energy, and an electrical connection linking the array to the vehicle battery.10-29-2009
20080210290Plasma inside vapor deposition apparatus and method for making multi-junction silicon thin film solar cell modules and panels - A plasma inside vapor deposition apparatus for making silicon thin film solar cell modules including means for supporting a substrate, the substrate having an outer surface and an inner surface; plasma torch means located proximal to the inner surface for depositing at least one thin film layer on the inner surface of the substrate, the plasma torch means located a distance from the substrate; and means for supplying reagent chemicals to the plasma torch means, wherein the at least one thin film layer form the silicon thin film solar cell modules.09-04-2008
20090044850Support apparatus for supporting a solar energy collection device - Apparatus for, and a method of, supporting a substantially planar solar energy collection device on a roof, the roof comprising a plurality of roof battens and a plurality of substantially flat roof elements. A back portion comprises a flange for locating the back portion on a roof batten. A front portion is configured to receive an edge of a solar energy collection device and defines a plurality of apertures in a front perimeter wall. First and second side portions are configured to extend from the back portion and to be releasably secured to the front portion. The apparatus is configurable to provide a frame for surrounding a solar energy collection device. The frame is securable to the roof by securing the back portion to a roof batten. The front portion is releasable from the first and second side portions when the frame is secured to a roof batten.02-19-2009
20110168230APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CONNECTING MULTIPLE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - In some embodiments, an apparatus for electrically connecting a plurality of photovoltaic modules in a solar panel includes a first electrically conductive line engageable with and capable of electrically connecting a plurality of first output contacts of the photovoltaic modules along a common axis.07-14-2011
20110168226SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells connected to each other, each solar cell of the plurality of solar cells independently includes a semiconductor substrate, one n+ region and one p+ region disposed on one side of the semiconductor substrate and separated from each other, at least one first electrode and at least one second electrode, in which the at least one first electrode is electrically connected to the n+ region and the at least one second electrode is electrically connected to the p+ region, and a first trench and a second trench disposed on each of the plurality of solar cells, wherein the first trench is disposed on the one side of the semiconductor substrate and the second trench is disposed on the other opposite facing side of the semiconductor substrate, the first and second trenches are separated from each other.07-14-2011
20090266396Polycrystalline Silicon Substrate, Method for Producing Same, Polycrystalline Silicon Ingot, Photoelectric Converter and Photoelectric Conversion Module - Disclosed is a polycrystalline silicon substrate having a region wherein concentrations of impurities contained therein satisfy the following relations: [Oi]≧2E17 [atoms/cm10-29-2009
20090283129System and method for an array of intelligent inverters - A system and method for DC to AC conversion in a power generating array. The system and method includes a number of inverters coupled to a group of solar panels. A group controller coordinates operation of the inverters for interleaved switching of the inverters. The group controller communicates via a local area network, a wireless network, or both, to coordinate operation with additional groups of inverters coupled in parallel with additional solar panels.11-19-2009
20090283131INTEGRATED THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A problem of the invention is to prevent a substrate from being damaged with a metal stylus upon mechanical patterning.11-19-2009
20090283130SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR REMOTELY COUPLING PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - System, methods and apparatus for coupling photovoltaic arrays are disclosed. The apparatus may include a first input adapted to couple to a neutral line of a first photovoltaic array; a second input adapted to couple to a neutral line of a second photovoltaic array; a contactor configured to switchably couple the neutral line of a first photovoltaic array to the a neutral line of a second photovoltaic array, the contactor being remotely controllable.11-19-2009
20090288695Hybrid Solar Power Generator - A hybrid means for producing and storing power derived from a photovoltaic source through pneumatic, mechanical and chemical means utilizing pressure tanks, air turbines and batteries. To regulate the device a plurality of control and routing devices are utilized to redistribute additional energy to an appropriate chemical or pressurized means for storing potential energy for later use.11-26-2009
20090288697CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE FILM AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The conductive adhesive film of the invention is a conductive adhesive film for electrical connection between photovoltaic cell surface electrodes and wiring members, which comprises an insulating adhesive 11-26-2009
20090288696Non-linear solar cell module - Example embodiments provide a non-linear solar cell module. The non-linear solar cell module may include a plurality of photovoltaic cells. Each of the photovoltaic cells may comprise a lower electrode on a substrate, a photovoltaic conversion layer on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode formed on the photovoltaic conversion layer, and the photovoltaic cells may be in a non-linear shape.11-26-2009
20100218801Graphene and Hexagonal Boron Nitride Planes and Associated Methods - Graphene layers made of primarily sp2 bonded atoms and associated methods are disclosed. In one aspect, for example, a method of forming a graphite film can include heating a solid substrate under vacuum to a solubilizing temperature that is less than a melting point of the solid substrate, solubilizing carbon atoms from a graphite source into the heated solid substrate, and cooling the heated solid substrate at a rate sufficient to form a graphite film from the solubilized carbon atoms on at least one surface of the solid substrate. The graphite film is formed to be substantially free of lattice defects.09-02-2010
20100218803Non-planar photocell - A photovoltaic cell having a substrate with at least one curved surface reduces the number of processing steps necessary to manufacture a completed cell. Such a photovoltaic cell can have semiconductor material on the outer surface of a curved substrate or on the inner surface of a curved substrate.09-02-2010
20120167940SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module includes a wiring sheet formed such that n-type and p-type wirings are alternately arranged in a striped pattern on a surface of a sheet-like insulating substrate, and a back contact solar cell formed such that n-type and p-type electrodes electrically connected to impurity diffusion regions are alternately arranged in a striped pattern on one surface of a semiconductor substrate. The electrodes and the wirings are connected through conductors so as to satisfy a one-to-one relationship. The periphery of the conductor is covered with an insulating resin. An insulator having a composition different from the insulating resin is mounted between the adjacent electrodes on the back contact solar cell.07-05-2012
20120167939DEVICE ARCHITECTURE FOR DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS AND PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS AND MODULES - Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) and Photoelectrochemical Cells (PECs) have shown great progress toward conversion of light to electricity and chemical fuels in past. However, the presence of liquid electrolytes poses challenges in integration of large area modules, difficulty in implementing tandem architectures and sealing issues which lead to lower lifetimes of the modules. This invention addresses these issues by means of a novel design consisting of multiple nested concentric tubes leading to multi-cell tandem architecture of DSSCs and PECs. Each tube of this design comprises an electrode. At least one of the electrodes in this design is responsive to light and carries electronic charge (electrons or holes). The space between the tubes is filled with an electrolyte carrying ionic charge and participating in redox processes with the electrodes. This design facilitates higher efficiency, better lifetimes and a facile method of integration of large area modules.07-05-2012
20100132758DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR MANAGING AN APPLICATION OF POWER FROM PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - A system, method, and apparatus for managing an application of power from photovoltaic arrays to power conversion components. The method may include arranging a first array and a second array in series, coupling a positive terminal of a first array to the power conversion component, coupling a negative terminal of a second array to the power conversion component, and modulating an amount of current flowing between a negative terminal of the first array and a positive terminal of the second array so as to ramp up a level of current flowing through the arrays as the arrays are brought online with the power conversion component. A voltage of any terminal on either of the arrays may be limited so that the voltage on any of the terminals does not reach a restricted level.06-03-2010
20110168229SYSTEM FOR COUPLING PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - System, methods and apparatus for coupling photovoltaic arrays are disclosed. The apparatus may include a first input adapted to couple to a neutral line of a first photovoltaic array; a second input adapted to couple to a neutral line of a second photovoltaic array; a contactor configured to switchably couple the neutral line of a first photovoltaic array to the a neutral line of a second photovoltaic array, the contactor being controllable by an electric control signal; and a control input adapted to couple the switch to a remotely located controller so as to enable the controller to control the first switch by sending the electric control signal.07-14-2011
20110203636SOLAR PANELS FOR RECEIVING SCATTERED LIGHT - The subject matter disclosed herein relates to solar panels to generate electrical energy. In particular, solar panels configured to efficiently receive scattered light are disclosed.08-25-2011
20110203630PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING SAME - A photovoltaic device that can prevent performance degradation caused by electrodeposition generated as a result of moisture penetration. In the photovoltaic device, two or more intermediate insulation portions that electrically insulate solar cell unit cells positioned adjacently in the X-direction are formed on the substrate center side of side insulation portions so as to extend in the Y-direction in a parallel arrangement across the X-direction, a conductive portion that electrically connects solar cell unit cells positioned adjacently in the X-direction is provided in a position partway along each of the intermediate insulation portions, and the solar cell unit cells where the conductive portion is positioned are electrically insulated from a solar cell unit cell positioned adjacently in the X-direction by another of the intermediate insulation portions positioned distant from the conductive portion in the X-direction.08-25-2011
20120291838SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells and includes first and second solar cells positioned adjacent to each other in a first direction, the solar cell module further comprises a connector for connecting hole terminals of the first solar cell to electron terminals of the second solar cell, the hole terminals being positioned on the first solar cell and being separated from each other and the electron terminals being positioned on the second solar cell and being separated from each other. The hole terminals and the electron terminals of each solar cell are positioned parallel to a first side of each solar cell, the connector is positioned parallel to a second side crossing the first side of each solar cell, and the connector is positioned on the same side of the first and second solar cells.11-22-2012
20120291841PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module comprises a solar cell module including a plurality of solar cells; an inverter to convert DC voltage supplied from the solar cell module into AC voltage and to output the AC voltage; and a screen to generate an electric field based on the AC voltage, the screen comprising multiple electrode patterns that can receive AC voltage and being separated from each other. Based on the above, for example, foreign substance such as dust, snow, ice, etc., on the front surface of a photovoltaic module may be removed.11-22-2012
20110203633ARCUATE-WINGED SOLAR CANOPY ASSEMBLY - The invention is an assembly of elements to collect solar energy and rain water. Solar energy is converted to electricity by either photovoltaic film or laminate panels or sheets mounted atop arcuate, curved canopy structures that are formed and positioned like “wings”. Rainwater is collected by the low-incidence arcuate curved wings and directed to a central trough along the wings' structural spine, which conducts it through a support column to a water container or vessel. In a preferred embodiment the vessel is an underground container extending parallel to and as long as the above-ground structural spine of the assembly.08-25-2011
20090007956DISTRIBUTED COAX PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A photovoltaic device includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells. Each photovoltaic cell of the plurality of photovoltaic cells includes a first electrode, a second electrode which is shared with at least one adjacent photovoltaic cell, and a photovoltaic material located between and in electrical contact with the first and the second electrodes. A thickness of the second electrode in a direction from one photovoltaic cell to an adjacent photovoltaic cell is less than an optical skin depth of the second electrode material, and a separation between first electrodes of adjacent photovoltaic cells is less than a peak wavelength of incident radiation.01-08-2009
20080245399Apparatus and method for attaching solar panels to roof system surfaces - An apparatus and method for attaching photovoltaic solar panels to a roof system surface. Thin film flexible panels are attached using a hook and loop system in which either the hook or loop material is attached to the underside of panel, and the other of the hook and loop material is attached the roof. Solar panels that are encased in a frame are attached using the hook and loop material directly to the roof system structure, or to an intermediate structure, which is in turn attached to the roof system surface. The method also determines the amount of mated hook and loop material that must be attached to each installed panel to ensure that the installed panels will be able to withstand the wind pressure uplift force required, and to ensure that in the event unexpected and excessive uplift force is ever encountered, the panels separate at the hook and loop interface. For roof system surfaces using a multiply layer membrane material, the hook or loop material can be directly attached to the membrane during its manufacturing process to eliminate the need of doing so at the job site.10-09-2008
20120291844SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE USING SOLAR CELL, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SOLAR CELL - The present invention is to grant a margin in the control of a depth of a groove when removing a transparent insulation layer after the transparent insulation layer is formed on the entire surface of the transparent conductive layer, thereby provide a solar cell which has superior productivity in mass manufacturing. A solar cell includes an n-type amorphous silicon layer formed on a front-surface side of an n-type monocrystalline silicon the substrate; a front-surface side transparent conductive layer formed on the n-type amorphous silicon layer; a p-type amorphous silicon layer formed on a rear-surface-side of the substrate; and a rear-surface-side transparent conductive layer formed on the p-type amorphous silicon layer. A front-surface side collector electrode is formed by plating on the front-surface side transparent conductive layer whereas a rear-surface-side collector electrode is formed on the rear-surface-side transparent conductive layer by printing.11-22-2012
20120291837Electrode Tape, Solar Cell Module and Methods for Manufacturing the Same - An electrode tape, a solar module and methods for manufacturing the same are disclosed. The electrode tape includes an adhesive film and a conductive structure. The adhesive film includes a first adhesive surface and a second adhesive surface which faces an opposite direction to the first adhesive surface. The conductive structure is embedded in the adhesive film with a first contact point exposed on the first adhesive surface and a second contact point exposed on the second adhesive surface. The solar module includes a first solar cell and a second solar cell which are electrically connected with each other through the electrode tape.11-22-2012
20100006135THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE MODULE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A photovoltaic device module and a fabrication method thereof are disclosed. There are provided a solar cell module structure effective to prevent the performance of the overall module from being degraded when photoelectric conversion efficiency of a specific portion cell is degraded in a solar cell module in which solar cells are integrated, and a fabrication method thereof. More particularly, there are provided a module structure having two terminal wirings, in which one of them is formed by selecting and connecting at least two unit cells from a plurality of unit cells electrically connected and the other is formed by selecting and connecting at least two unit cells differentiated from the said selected unit cells., and a fabrication method thereof.01-14-2010
20090038669Thin Film Solar Cell III - The present invention teaches a device for converting solar radiation to electrical energy comprising a thin film, single crystal device chosen from a variety of semiconductor materials, optionally, employing an alternative substrate, and various combinations of p-n, p-i-n and avalanche p-i-n diodes to enable high conversion efficiency photo-voltaic devices.02-12-2009
20100263704Apparatus for coupling power generated by a photovoltaic module to an output - Apparatus for coupling power generated by a photovoltaic (PV) module to an output. The apparatus comprises a universal connector assembly, comprising a connector housing, adapted for coupling to the PV module, comprising a DC connection assembly for coupling power from the PV module to a power module via a first plurality of connectors; and a base for supporting the power module spaced apart from the PV module in a manner that exposes at least a portion of the power module facing the PV module to the air and prevents air from being trapped between the power module and the PV module.10-21-2010
20110203637Efficient Installation Solar Panel Systems - An efficient solar panel system is mounted to a roof using various attachments and supports for solar panel modules (08-25-2011
20110203632PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES USING SEMICONDUCTING NANOTUBE LAYERS - Photovoltaic (PV) devices employing layers of semiconducting carbon nanotubes as light absorption elements are disclosed. In one aspect a layer of p-type carbon nanotubes and a layer of n-type carbon nanotubes are used to form a p-n junction PV device. In another aspect a mixed layer of p-type and n-type carbon nanotubes are used to form a bulk hetero-junction PV device. In another aspect a metal such as a low work function metal electrode is formed adjacent to a layer of semiconducting nanotubes to form a Schottky barrier PV device. In another aspect various material deposition techniques well suited to working with nanotube layers are employed to realize a practical metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) PV device. In another aspect layers of metallic nanotubes are used to provide flexible electrode elements for PV devices. In another aspect layers of metallic nanotubes are used to provide transparent electrode elements for PV devices.08-25-2011
20110203634Method and Structure for Tiling Industrial Thin-Film Solar Devices - A method for integrating photovoltaic module includes providing a cover plate having a first surface and a second surface opposed to the first surface and supplying photovoltaic devices respectively formed on substrates. The photovoltaic devices include photovoltaic cells electrically coupled to each other, and each cell is characterized by a thin-film photovoltaic layer sandwiched between a first electrode material and a second electrode material. The first electrode material overlies the substrate and the second electrode material overlies the thin-film photovoltaic layer. The method further includes disposing the solar devices side by side to laminate with the cover plate by means of a first organic material filled between the second electrode material and the second surface. Each of the solar devices has a peripheral edge region being sealed by a second organic material. The method further includes electrically coupling the solar devices to each other.08-25-2011
20110203631METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING AND ENERGY CAPTURE IN AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE VIA A PHOTOVOLTAICS - A method and apparatus for cooling and capturing energy in an electronic device using photovoltaic cells is disclosed. A power supply powers electronic components inside the electronic device. The electronic components produce heat and infrared energy. The photovoltaic cells convert the infrared energy into an electric current to reduce the overall heat level of the electronic device. A power recovery circuit conditions the electric current into a conditioned power signal usable by a system power path manager of the electronic device. The system power path manager uses the converted infrared energy to power the electronic device and/or to charge an energy storage unit.08-25-2011
20110203635PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS, IN PART HAVING SWITCHES FOR SHORT-CIRCUITING OF MODULES - A photovoltaic generator is provided that has at least one string of multiple series-connected photovoltaic modules, each of which has a plurality of series-connected photovoltaic cells. One quarter to one half of all photovoltaic modules of the at least one string can be short-circuited by means of a switch. Activation of the switch takes place when a predefined voltage value across the string is exceeded. The shorting switch is only present in some of the arrays making up the photovoltaic generator, which reduces cabling costs. Because of the parallel connection of the arrays, the voltage of the arrays without shorting switches is drawn down to a lower voltage that is safe for the inverter.08-25-2011
20120031456SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GROUND MOUNTED SOLAR ARRAY - A modular oversized solar array with a support structure is provided that reduces land costs as a percentage relative to the production of electrical energy from solar installations. Components of the solar racking array may be manufactured using existing steel manufacturing facilities. The array may be configured to be temporarily held in place at a first position to allow workmen to perform panel installation work from ground level. The array may then be lifted, via a crane, to a second position (or a final tilted position) to allow for further assembly. The array may accommodate various topographical features or span over other structures, be lifted to higher than normal array heights or span over greater distances. The solar racking structure design has elevated minimum heights allowing for dual use of the underlying ground, as well as more efficient dismantling, decommissioning and relocation of the solar array.02-09-2012
20110265846THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE AND THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL ARRAY - The thin-film solar cell module according to the present invention has a substrate and a cell module that includes three or more cell strings, each of which has a constant width, and is characterized in that each cell string has a plurality of solar cells which are connected in series, the cell strings are provided on the substrate so as to be aligned in a direction perpendicular to a direction in which the solar cells are connected in series and connected to each other in parallel, the solar cells each have a front surface electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer and a rear surface electrode stacked in this order, the cell strings have contact lines which electrically connect the front surface electrode of one of neighboring solar cells of the solar cells and the rear surface electrode of the other, the solar cells being included in the cell string, and have the same width as the cell string, and at least one of the cell strings at the two ends of the above described three or more cell strings has a width greater than the other cell strings.11-03-2011
20110265843SEE-THROUGH SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A see-through solar battery module includes a transparent substrate, and a plurality of block metal electrodes formed on the transparent substrate as an array. Each block metal electrode does not contact the adjacent block metal electrode along a first direction. The see-through solar battery module further includes a plurality of block photoelectric transducing layers. Each block photoelectric transducing layer is formed on the block metal electrode and the transparent substrate along the first direction and formed on the block metal electrode and the transparent substrate along a second direction as an array, and each block photoelectric transducing layer does not contact the adjacent block photoelectric transducing layer along the first direction. The see-through solar battery module further includes a plurality of striped transparent electrodes. Each striped transparent electrode is formed on the block photoelectric transducing layer, the transparent substrate, and the block metal electrode along the second direction.11-03-2011
20110265842METHOD FOR MOUNTING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES AND A PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY - A method for mounting photovoltaic modules includes calculating a structural load of at least one photovoltaic module based on an expected mechanical load so as to determine optimal attachment locations on the at least one photovoltaic module for attachment elements. The attachment elements are disposed at the determined attachment locations so that the attachment elements extend partially over a section of the at least one photovoltaic module. The at least one photovoltaic module is attached to the substructure via the attachment elements.11-03-2011
20110197947WIRE NETWORK FOR INTERCONNECTING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - Provided are novel interconnect wire network assemblies and methods of fabricating thereof. An assembly may include conductive portions/individual wires that, in certain embodiments, are substantially parallel to each other. The assembly also includes two or more carrier films (i.e., the front side and back side films) attached to opposite sides of the wires. The films are typically attached along the wire ends. The films are made from electrically insulating materials and at least the front side film is substantially transparent. The front side film is used to attach the wires to a photovoltaic surface of one cell, while the back side film is used for attachment to a substrate surface of another cell. These attachments electrically interconnect the two cells in series. In certain embodiments, one or both carrier films extend beyond two end wires and form insulated portions that allow much closer arrangements of the cells in a module.08-18-2011
20110197946Lightning Protection for Power Inverters - An inverter includes two input lines for connecting the inverter to an AC power source, a buffer capacitance effective between the input lines, a grounded potential equalization busbar, an isolation monitoring device monitoring the electrical isolation of one of the two input lines with regard to the potential equalization busbar, and an overvoltage eliminating device having at least one overvoltage eliminator for draining overvoltages from the input lines to the potential equalization busbar. The at least one overvoltage eliminator is connected between that input line, whose electric isolation with regard to the potential equalization busbar is monitored, and the potential equalization busbar, without any fuse being connected in series with the at least one overvoltage eliminator. Any overvoltage eliminator of the overvoltage eliminating device, which is connected between the other of the two input lines and the potential equalization busbar, if present, is connected in series with a fuse.08-18-2011
20090266402SOLAR CELL MODULE - A wiring member is arranged on protruding parts each formed so as to protrude toward a thin line-shaped electrode adjacent to one portion of the thin line-shaped electrode, and is connected to the thin line-shaped electrodes on the protruding parts. At this time, the longitudinal direction of the wiring member becomes a direction along the arrangement direction, and thus becomes the same direction as the protruding direction of the protruding part.10-29-2009
20090266401SINGLE-SIDED CONTACT SOLAR CELL WITH PLATED- THROUGH HOLES AND METHOD FOR ITS PRODUCTION - In an embodiment of the present invention, a single-sided contact solar cell includes an absorber layer with plated-through holes; an emitter layer disposed on a first side of the absorber layer, the emitter layer including one or more semiconductor materials having different dopants; a field passivation layer disposed on a second side of the absorber layer; a contact grid covered on a top surface thereof with an insulation layer and electrically connected to a first end of the plated-through holes; and a contact layer. The contact grid and contact layer are disposed together on one side of the absorber layer and insulated with respect to each other and electrically contacted from outside of the solar cell. The contact grid is disposed between the absorber layer and the emitter layer or the field passivation layer, and the contact layer is disposed on the emitter layer or on the field passivation layer so that both the contact grid and contact layer are disposed on a top surface of the solar cell. The emitter layer or the field passivation layer is electrically connected to a second end of the plated-through holes. Where the second end of the plated-through holes is electrically connected to the emitter layer, the absorber layer and the contact grid are electrically insulated from each other.10-29-2009
20090266400APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ATTACHING SOLAR PANELS TO ROOF SYSTEM SURFACES - An apparatus and method for attaching photovoltaic solar panels to a roof system surface. Thin film flexible panels are attached using a hook and loop system in which either the hook or loop material is attached to the underside of panel, and the other of the hook and loop material is attached the roof. Solar panels that are encased in a frame are attached using the hook and loop material directly to the roof system structure, or to an intermediate structure, which is in turn attached to the roof system surface. The method also determines the amount of mated hook and loop material that must be attached to each installed panel to ensure that the installed panels will be able to withstand the wind pressure uplift force required, and to ensure that in the event unexpected and excessive uplift force is ever encountered, the panels separate at the hook and loop interface. For roof system surfaces using a multiple layer membrane material, the hook or loop material can be directly attached to the membrane during its manufacturing process to eliminate the need of doing so at the job site. In other embodiments, the solar panel is attached first to an elongate tray-like structure that is then attached to a roof, and in yet another embodiment, the solar panel is attached by means of adhesive or hook and loop material to the upper surface of a roofing membrane, which is then attached to the roof surface.10-29-2009
20090266399METALLIC FOIL SUBSTRATE AND PACKAGING TECHNIQUE FOR THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES - Methods of forming thin film solar cells with a metallic substrate are described, as well as solar cells and solar cells strings. The front surface of the metallic substrate is polished to form a polished front surface so that the average roughness of the polished front surface is less than 50 nm. The back surface of the metallic substrate is roughened to form a rough back surface so that the average roughness of the conditioned back surface is more than 500 nm. A Group IBIIIAVIA compound absorber layer is formed over the polished front surface.10-29-2009
20080236646Thermal optimization of a solar photovoltaic powered electrolyzer system - One embodiment of the invention includes a process comprising transmitting electrical power produced by a PV array to an electrolyzer and transferring heat from the PV array to the electrolyzer. The resulting process produces renewable hydrogen from solar energy at a lower cost per kg.10-02-2008
20120291836ARRAY OF THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS HAVING AN ETCHANT-RESISTANT ELECTRODE AN AN INTEGRATED BYPASS DIODE ASSOCIATED WITH A PLURALITY OF CELLS AND A PANEL INCORPORATING THE SAME - An array of series-connected solar cells each having a front electrode formed of a transparent conductive oxide resistant to an etchant that defines a first interface with a semiconducting material of the first type and a back electrode that defines a second interface with a semiconducting material of the second type. A bypass diode formed through separation from a parent cell has first and second interfaces that are substantially coplanar with the respective first and second interfaces defined in a first solar cell. A conductor connects the semiconducting material of the second type of the diode with the semiconducting material of the first type of a third solar cell in the array so that the diode is electrically connected in parallel and in opposition to the second and the third solar cells in the array and all solar cells connected intermediate therebetween.11-22-2012
20100126552INTEGRATION OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - Methods and apparatus are provided for converting electromagnetic radiation, such as solar energy, into electric energy with increased efficiency when compared to conventional solar cells. A photovoltaic (PV) unit may have all electrical contacts positioned on the back side of the PV device to avoid shadowing and increase absorption of the photons impinging on the front side of the PV unit. Several PV units may be combined into PV banks, and an array of PV banks may be connected to form a PV module with thin strips of metal or conductive polymer formed at low temperature. Such innovations may allow for greater efficiency and flexibility in PV devices when compared to conventional solar cells.05-27-2010
20120291842BACK SHEET FOR SOLAR CELL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A back sheet for a solar cell, including on a polymer substrate: a colored layer which contains a first binder and 2.5 g/m2 to 8.5 g/m2 of a pigment; and an easy adhesion layer which contains 0.05 g/m2 to 5 g/m2 of a second binder and 5% by mass to 400% by mass of inorganic fine particles based on the content of the second binder and has an adhesive power of 10 N/cm or greater with respect to an ethylene-vinyl acetate sealing material, in this order from the side of the polymer substrate.11-22-2012
20090165838COATED SOLAR PANEL - A solar panel has tubing disposed on an insulating supporting base. The tubing has a heat exchanging liquid flowing therein. The tubing is adhered to the insulating supporting base by a resilient heat transferring coating, forming a collecting surface for exposure to the sun. More particularly, the resilient heat transferring coating is composed of at least one acrylic resin, silica sand, and does not require the addition of water.07-02-2009
20120291845SOLAR CELL BACKSHEET AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The present invention provides a backsheet for a solar cell including a polymer base material and a reflection layer, the backsheet being light weight and having a large light reflectance, the polymer base material including first white inorganic particles in an amount of from 10% by mass to 30% by mass with respect to a total mass of the polymer base material, the reflection layer being formed by being coated on at least one side of the polymer base material, and the reflection layer including a binder, and second white inorganic particles in a content of from 30% by mass to 90% by mass with respect to a total mass of the binder and the second white inorganic particles; and a solar cell module which has adequate power generation efficiency.11-22-2012
20080283113"SOLAR ARRAY SUPPORT METHODS AND SYSTEMS" - Systems and methods for disposing and supporting a solar panel array are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system for supporting a solar panel array includes the use of support columns and cables suspended between the support columns, with the solar panels received by solar panel receivers that are adapted to couple to the cables. The solar panel array may then be used to provide power as well as shelter. Cooling, lighting, security, or other devices may be added to the solar panel array.11-20-2008
20080289679Method and apparatus for assembling photovoltaic modules - A method of assembling a solar array includes forming at least one substrate member that includes an upper surface and a lower surface. The lower surface is contoured with a shape that at least partially conforms to at least a portion of a contoured roof. The upper surface includes at least one elevated portion and a plurality of substantially planar regions. The at least one elevated portion is offset a predetermined height above at least one other portion of the substrate member. Each of the plurality of substantially planar regions is a distance above the at least one elevated portion and is oriented to receive at least one photovoltaic laminate. The method also includes coupling the at least one substrate member to at least a portion of the contoured roof.11-27-2008
20080283111Solar Cell Module Connector - The present invention includes two pairs of positive and negative cables are led out by dividing a pair of positive and negative terminals of a solar cell modules, and dipole connectors to which terminals are connected are formed on ends of the cables. The terminals in the dipole connector disposed on one side of the solar cell module form positive and negative plugs, while the terminals in the other dipole connector disposed on the other side of the solar cell module form positive and negative sockets. The cables include an inverse connection preventing portion which allows connection between the dipole connectors on a plug and socket side disposed between each adjacent solar cell modules when the polarities of the negative and positive terminals are the same, but which restricts connection therebetween when the polarities of the negative and positive terminals differ from each other.11-20-2008
20100275968SOLAR POWER SYSTEMS OPTIMIZED FOR USE IN COLD WEATHER CONDITIONS - A solar power system for supplying electrical energy to a load based on solar energy comprising at least one solar panel, a power supply, and at least one mode select switch. The at least one solar panel comprises at least one solar cell. The at least one mode select switch is operatively connected to the at least one solar panel, the power supply, and the load. The at least one mode select switch is operable in a first mode and in a second mode. In the first mode, the at least one solar cell is capable of supplying electrical energy to the load. In the second mode, the power supply supplies electrical energy to the at least one solar cell such that the at least one solar cell generates heat.11-04-2010
20080276980SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module capable of suppressing reduction in output is obtained. This solar cell module includes a first cell and a second cell adjacent to each other, each including a first electrode layer, a power generating Layer formed oil a surface of the first electrode layer and a second electrode layer formed on a surface of the power generating layer stacked with each other, wherein a first electrode layer of the first cell and a second electrode layer of the second cell are electrically connected to each other, and a stress relief region having a thickness smaller than the thickness of overall the power generating layer is formed on a prescribed region of the power generating layer.11-13-2008
20100126550Apparatus and methods for managing output power of strings of solar cells - An apparatus and method that controls the power produced by a string of solar cells, enabling the string to operate at its maximum power point when connected to a bus that operates at an externally controlled voltage. The apparatus and method can also be used to increase or decrease the output power of a string to any desired operating point.05-27-2010
20100275967Methods, facilities and simulations for a solar power plant - In an embodiment, the present invention discloses a solar power plant, comprising gradually installing the solar panels to reach the desired power output after a plant construction time. The construction time is longer than an otherwise full time construction of solar power plant, typically 2 to 30 times longer, and typically ranging from 10 to 30 years. The construction time can be selected to achieve a desired capital spending or a power selling price. In addition, a solar panel plant can be constructed on or in a vicinity of the solar power plant to produce the required solar panels.11-04-2010
20080276981SOLAR CELL MODULE - The first and second solar cells are arranged to be adjacent to each other in the arrangement direction. On the back surface of the first solar cell, the multiple first n-type regions are formed in the arrangement direction and the multiple first p-type regions are formed between each of the multiple first n-type regions. On the back surface of the second solar cell, the multiple second p-type regions are formed in the arrangement direction and the multiple second n-type regions are formed between each of the multiple second p-type regions. Each of the multiple first n-type regions and each of the multiple second p-type regions are formed on the back surface in a substantially straight line. Each of the multiple first p-type regions and each of the multiple second n-type regions are formed on the back surface in a substantially straight line.11-13-2008
20080210287Intrusion resistant safety glazings and solar cell modules - Described certain plasticized poly(vinyl butyral) (PVB) interlayer sheets that may be used to produce safety glass and solar cell laminates having enhanced penetration resistance and adequate adhesion levels. In particular, the stress value of these interlayer sheets at an elongation of 120% is preferably in the range of from about 8 to about 15 N/mm09-04-2008
20080210289PORTABLE SOLAR POWER SOURCE - A portable solar power source is provided which will convert solar energy into electrical energy to provide electrical power to an array of devices normally accompanying those who enjoy being in outdoor areas or on rivers or lakes. The device is made to be portable by having wheels and a handle so that it may be pulled like a cart or wagon. The portable device of the present invention further includes one or more solar panels, which are deployed from a substantially horizontal position to a substantially vertical position with respect to the transport device. In the preferred embodiment the solar panels are double junction amorphous solar panels. Such panels have the greatest efficiency and produce electrical energy from light energy even if the solar panels are not in the direct sunlight.09-04-2008
20130118544METHOD AND APPARATUS PROVIDING ELECTRICAL CONNECTION TO A PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - Disclosed embodiments include photovoltaic modules having a conductor interface and a heat-activated adhesive layer configured to bond the conductor interface to the module. Methods of manufacturing photovoltaic modules having a conductor interface and heat-activated adhesive layer are also disclosed.05-16-2013
20130118545Photovoltaic Roofing Components And Systems - The present invention relates particularly to photovoltaic roofing systems in which photovoltaic elements are integrated on a roof deck with conventional roofing materials. In one aspect, a photovoltaic roofing system includes a two-part tee element disposed on a roof deck, the two-part tee element comprising a base piece including a central portion; two opposed horizontally-extending first and second flanges extending from the central portion, and a top piece attachment feature formed in the central portion, and a top piece including a base piece attachment feature mated with the top piece attachment feature of the base piece; and a vertically extending portion extending from the base piece attachment feature. A first photovoltaic element can be disposed on the roof adjacent the base piece with its edge disposed on the horizontally-extending first flange of the base piece of the two-part tee element.05-16-2013
20130213453CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE MATERIAL, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - The present invention provides a conductive adhesive material by which high connection reliability is obtained, a solar cell module, and a manufacturing method for the same. The conductive adhesive material contains a film-forming resin, a liquid epoxy resin, a curing agent, and conductive particles, and an acid anhydride-based curing agent or phenol-based curing agent is used as the curing agent, and solder particles are used for the conductive particles. The solder is wet and spread by the flux effect of the curing agent, and high contact reliability is obtained.08-22-2013
20090032081SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - With the method for manufacturing the solar cell module according to the present embodiment, the width W02-05-2009
20080283112SOLAR ARRAY SUPPORT METHODS AND SYSTEMS - Systems and methods for disposing and supporting a solar panel array are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system for supporting a solar panel array includes the use of support columns and cables suspended between the support columns, with the solar panels received by solar panel receivers that are adapted to couple to the cables. The solar panel array may then be used to provide power as well as shelter. Cooling, lighting, security, or other devices may be added to the solar panel array.11-20-2008
20110265848THIN FILM SOLAR CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin film solar cell and a method of manufacturing the same are discussed. The method of manufacturing the thin film solar cell includes forming a plurality of cells, each cell including a first electrode on a substrate, a second electrode on the first electrode, and a photoelectric conversion unit between the first electrode and the second electrode, performing an edge deletion process to remove respective first portions of a first electrode, a second electrode, and a photoelectric conversion unit included in an outermost cell positioned at an end of the substrate among the plurality of cells, and performing an edge isolation process to remove respective second portions of the first electrode, the second electrode, and the photoelectric conversion unit included in the outermost cell.11-03-2011
20080271774Photovoltaic Roofing Wiring Array, Photovoltaic Roofing Wiring System and Roofs Using Them - The present invention provides photovoltaic wiring arrays and photovoltaic wiring systems suitable for use in rooftop photovoltaic power generation systems. Accordingly, one aspect of the invention provides a photovoltaic roofing wiring array for use with a plurality of photovoltaic roofing elements, each photovoltaic roofing element having a positive lead terminated in a positive connector and a negative lead terminated in a negative connector, and a lead-to-lead distance between the positive connector and the negative connector, the photovoltaic roofing wiring system comprising: a positive parallel wiring run, the positive parallel wiring run comprising a main line and one or more connection branches pendant from the main line, each connection branch being terminated in a positive connector; and a negative parallel wiring run, the negative parallel wiring run comprising a main line and one or more connection branches pendant from the main line, each connection branch being terminated in a negative connector, wherein each positive connector is coupleable to the positive connectors of the photovoltaic roofing elements; and wherein each negative connector is coupleable to the negative connectors of the photovoltaic roofing elements. In some embodiments of the invention, the photovoltaic roofing wiring arrays are substantially prefabricated.11-06-2008
20080271773Photovoltaic Devices and Photovoltaic Roofing Elements Including Granules, and Roofs Using Them - The present invention includes photovoltaic devices and photovoltaic roofing elements comprising a photovoltaic element having an active face and an operating wavelength range; a polymer structure having (a) a bottom surface disposed on the active face of the photovoltaic element and (b) a top surface; and a plurality of granules disposed on the top surface of the polymer structure. Roofs including the photovoltaic devices and photovoltaic roofing elements of the present invention may be configured to have an aesthetically desirable appearance while retaining high photovoltaic efficiency.11-06-2008
20090114264Fixed-geometry and/or variable-geometry surfaces for capturing solar energy by means of photovoltaic cells, films, and panels, in particular for watercraft - A surface for capturing solar energy, which can be applied on a watercraft, characterized in that it is a fixed-geometry and/or variable-geometry surface and includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells and/or films and/or panels for conversion of the solar energy captured into electrical energy. The cells are applied directly or indirectly on the surfaces of a watercraft. In the solution with variable geometry, the surface for capturing solar energy is constituted substantially by a plurality of slats hinged to one another or else by fabrics made so as to enable increase or reduction of the sail surface, but not of the surface for capturing solar energy.05-07-2009
20090114263Apparatuses and Methods to Reduce Safety Risks Associated with Photovoltaic Systems - Apparatuses and methods to reduce safety risks associated with photovoltaic systems by providing a safety switch on a photovoltaic panel. In one embodiment, a photovoltaic panel includes: at least one photovoltaic cell; a connector to output energy from the photovoltaic panel; and a switch coupled between the at least one photovoltaic cell and the connector. The switch is configured to disconnect the at least one photovoltaic cell from the connector during installation of the photovoltaic panel, and to connect the at least one photovoltaic cell with the connector after installation of the photovoltaic panel.05-07-2009
20100139732System and Method for Prevention of Open Loop Damage During or Immediately After Manufacturing - A solar cell having an open loop voltage that approaches a critical voltage range when exposed to light. A circuit, connected to the solar cell, is configured to load the solar cell when the open loop voltage of the solar cell reaches a threshold within a predetermined range of the critical voltage range.06-10-2010
20090178701Apparatus and methods for sealing an electrical connection to at least one elongated photovoltaic module - In some embodiments, an apparatus for producing electric energy from light energy includes an elongated photovoltaic module (EPM) and a cover engageable therewith. The EPM includes at least one electrical output contact and the cover includes at least one electrical connector operable to electrically engage at least one electrical output contact(s). The cover sealingly engages the EPM around at least one of its electrical output contact(s).07-16-2009
20090114262Methods and Devices for Large-Scale Solar Installations - Methods and devices are provided for improved large-scale solar installations. In one embodiment, a junction-box free photovoltaic module is used comprising of a plurality of photovoltaic cells and a module support layer providing a mounting surface for the cells. The module has a first electrical lead extending outward from one of the photovoltaic cells, the lead coupled to an adjacent module without passing the lead through a central junction box. The module may have a second electrical lead extending outward from one of the photovoltaic cells, the lead coupled to another adjacent module without passing the lead through a central junction box. Without junction boxes, the module may use connectors along the edges of the modules which can substantially reduce the amount of wire or connector ribbon used for such connections.05-07-2009
20100139734Systems and Methods for an Enhanced Watchdog in Solar Module Installations - Systems and methods are disclosed for automatically or remotely rendering a solar array safe during an emergency or maintenance. A watchdog unit is disclosed for monitoring a signal from a central controller. If the signal is lost, interrupted, or becomes irregular, or if a shutdown signal is received, then the watchdog unit can shutdown one or more solar modules. Shutting down a solar module can mean disconnecting it from a power bus of the solar array or lowering the solar module voltage to a safe level.06-10-2010
20100139735Solar Energy Conversion Articles and Methods of Making and Using Same - Rotationally translated PV cells exhibit enhanced efficiency relative to identical cells provided in a flat array statically arranged parallel to the plane of the earth or designed to follow the arc of the sun. A solar energy converting article that includes a shaft and a plurality of outwardly extending vanes, each of which bears a plurality of photovoltaic cells, can produce larger amounts of current than the same area of photovoltaic cells arranged in a plane. The article can be used as part of an assembly with a motor or generator.06-10-2010
20090178702MANUFACTURING OF OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES - A method for manufacturing optoelectronic devices is disclosed. A layered structure may be formed with a plurality of layers including a bottom electrode layer, a top electrode layer, and one or more active layers between the top and bottom electrode layers. The layered structure is divided into one or more separate device module sections by cutting through one or more of the layers of the layered structure. At least one of the layers is an unpatterned layer at the time of cutting. Each of the resulting device module sections generally includes a portion of the active layer disposed between portions of the top and bottom electrode layers. An edge of a device section may optionally be protected against undesired electrical contact between two or more of the bottom electrode, top electrode and active layer portions. Two or more device module sections may be assembled into a device and connected in series by electrically connecting the bottom electrode layer portion of one device section to the top electrode layer portion of another device module section.07-16-2009
20090095338SOLAR POWER SOURCE - A solar power source includes a solar panel and a magnetic capacitor. The solar panel receives solar energy, and the magnetic capacitor stores energy and provides electricity. The solar panel has a first side facing the sun, and the magnetic capacitor is attached to a second side of the solar panel. The magnetic capacitor has high valued storage capacitance to handle the charge generated by the solar panel, and has a barrier to leakage current, so that storage time is increased. The solar power source is applicable for many applications and has low energy transport costs. The solar power source may have a higher number of re-charging cycles compared to batteries, and may be partially charged or discharged without a reduction in charge capacity. Two methods of manufacturing the solar power source are also provided.04-16-2009
20110005569PARALLEL INTERCONNECTION OF SOLAR CELL UNITS - Method for manufacturing an solar cell device, characterized in that the method comprises among others the following steps: arranging solar cell units (01-13-2011
20090183759SOLAR CELL MODULE - To suppress a decrease in power collection efficiency, provided is a solar cell module including; first and second solar cells arranged in a first direction; and a wiring member electrically connecting the first and second solar cells. In the solar cell module, the first and second solar cells each include a light-receiving surface receiving light, a back surface provided on the opposite side of the light-receiving surface, and p-side and n-side electrodes formed on the back surface; the wiring member is connected to the n-side electrode of the first solar cell at a first connecting point, and connected to the p-side electrode of the second solar cell at a second connecting point; and, in a planar view of the back surface, the first and second connecting points are located on a line intersecting with the first direction.07-23-2009
20090183760REDUNDANT ELECTRICAL ARCHITECTURE FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - One example embodiment includes a PV module comprising a conductive backsheet, a substantially transparent front plate, a plurality of PV cells, a plurality of conductive spacers, and a power conversion device. The PV cells can be disposed between the conductive backsheet and the front plate and can be arranged in a plurality of rows. The PV cells within each row can be connected to each other in parallel and the rows can be connected in series. The PV cells can be interconnected between the conductive spacers. The power conversion device can be redundantly connected to the PV cells via a last conductive spacer connected to a last row. The power conversion device can substantially maintain a maximum peak power of the PV module and can convert a lower voltage collectively generated by the PV cells to a predetermined stepped up voltage greater than or equal to 12 volts.07-23-2009
20090139561Method and system for converting light to electric power - A method and system for converting light to electric power including coupling in parallel at least two devices in a first plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, coupling in parallel at least two devices in at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, and coupling in series the first plurality of devices suitable to convert light electricity with the at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power. A method for converting electromagnetic flux to electric power. A method for optimizing the electric power output of a system including determining the expected illumination pattern of incident laser radiation, and optimizing the amount of laser radiation incident on the surface of the devices suitable to convert light to electric power by distributing the devices according to the expected illumination pattern of the incident laser beam.06-04-2009
20090139560Method and system for converting light to electric power - A method and system for converting light to electric power including coupling in parallel at least two devices in a first plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, coupling in parallel at least two devices in at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power, and coupling in series the first plurality of devices suitable to convert light electricity with the at least one additional plurality of devices suitable to convert light to electric power. A method for converting electromagnetic flux to electric power. A method for optimizing the electric power output of a system including determining the expected illumination pattern of incident laser radiation, and optimizing the amount of laser radiation incident on the surface of the devices suitable to convert light to electric power by distributing the devices according to the expected illumination pattern of the incident laser beam.06-04-2009
20110005568SOLAR CELL MODULE HAVING INTERCONNECTOR AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A solar cell module having an interconnector and a method of fabricating the same are disclosed. The solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells and an interconnector including a first area electrically connected to one of two adjacent solar cells of the plurality of solar cells, a second area electrically connected to the other of the two adjacent solar cells, and a third area connecting the first area to the second area. At least one of the first area and the second area of the interconnector has at least one uneven surface, and the third area of the interconnector has a substantially planarized surface.01-13-2011
20110220169SOLAR CELL BACKSHEET - Provided is a back sheet for a solar battery which holds an excellent gas barriering property and which is excellent in a weatherability and a light shielding property.09-15-2011
20110220167Detection Device for Solar System - A detection device for a solar system includes a plurality of solar collectors, a plurality of voltage detectors each connected to a respective one of the solar collectors, and a detection controller connected to each of the voltage detectors. Thus, the voltage detectors can detect the output voltages of the solar collectors, and the detection controller can compare the difference between the output voltages of the solar collectors so as to judge if the solar collectors are disposed at a normal operation condition, thereby facilitating maintenance of the solar collectors.09-15-2011
20090199888Sun protection device with angle-selective transmission properties - The present invention relates to a sun protection device of at least one optically transparent dielectric layer (08-13-2009
20090320894METHOD FOR PREPARING NANOCRYSTALLINE TRANSPARENT FILMS OF TUNGSTEN OXIDE - The object of the present invention is the preparation, through a sol-gel method, of a tungsten oxide (WO12-31-2009
20090320897PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE MODULE - A manufacturing method of a photoelectric conversion device module, wherein an insulating layer and a first electrode are formed over a base substrate; a plurality of single-crystal semiconductor substrates having a first conductivity type including embrittlement layers formed inside are attached; the plurality of single-crystal semiconductor substrates are separated at the embrittlement layers so that a plurality of stacked bodies including the insulating layer, the first electrode and a first single-crystal semiconductor layer is formed; a second single-crystal semiconductor layer is formed over the stacked bodies to form a first photoelectric conversion layer; a second photoelectric conversion layer including a non-single-crystal semiconductor layer is formed; a second electrode is formed; and selective etching is conducted to form photoelectric conversion cells which are element-separated, and a connecting electrode is formed to connect the second electrode of one photoelectric conversion cell and the first electrode of the other photoelectric conversion cell.12-31-2009
20120067395EARTH-TONED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - The invention is directed to an assembly of photovoltaic cells having at least two different earth-toned colors, where different colors are situated in different cells, the cells color being defined by the donor-acceptor (DA) π-conjugated polymer and an acceptor moiety combination comprising the photoactive layer of the cell, and where the different colored solar cells are coupled into an assembly. The assembly can be flexible and can have colors specifically arranged in a camouflage or other pattern.03-22-2012
20120067394Solar Cell Apparatus - Provided is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes a substrate, a plurality of first cells disposed on the substrate, a plurality of second cells disposed on the substrate, and a first bus bar disposed between the first cells and the second cells, the first bus bar being connected to the first cells and the second cells.03-22-2012
20110220171Photovoltaic Structure and Solar Cell and Method of Fabrication Employing Hidden Electrode - A photovoltaic structure (09-15-2011
20110220170DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - An object of the present invention is to provide a conductive base material for dye-sensitized solar cell and a transparent conductive base material for dye-sensitized solar cell which, when used as electrode base materials of a dye-sensitized solar cell, have high resistance to corrosion by iodide ions contained in an electrolyte layer and can prevent a reduction in the fill factor and conversion efficiency of the dye-sensitized solar cell to achieve high power generation efficiency, a dye-sensitized solar cell and a dye-sensitized solar cell module using such conductive base materials. To attain the object, provided is the conductive base material for dye-sensitized solar cell comprising: a first metal layer made of a metal having a specific resistance of 6×1009-15-2011
20110220168SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module having a solar cell panel with strings of electrically-coupled solar cells arranged in a row includes one or more lead wires that electrically couple the strings and a junction box. The one or more lead wires are arranged such that they do not overlap with each other and such that one or more of the lead wires includes a portion that overlaps and does not electrically connect to interconnector of a string. The lead wires include an interconnector connection part connected to a respective string interconnector, and the interconnector connection parts of the lead wires are arranged in a straight line.09-15-2011
20080264466Layer Arrangement for Darkening a Transparent Pane - A layer arrangement for darkening a transparent pane (10-30-2008
20090084428Copper Indium Diselenide-Based Photovoltaic Device And Method Of Preparing The Same - A copper indium diselenide (CIS)-based photovoltaic device includes a CIS-based solar absorber layer including copper, indium, and selenium. The CIS-based photovoltaic device further includes a substrate including a silicone layer formed from a silicone composition and a metal foil layer. The substrate, due to the presence of the silicone layer and the metal foil layer, is both flexible and sufficiently able to withstand annealing temperatures in excess of 500° C. to obtain maximum efficiency of the device.04-02-2009
20090050190SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - Solar cells each include: an insulator connected to a back surface of a photoelectric conversion part; a first through-hole electrode penetrating the insulator, and electrically connected to a first collector electrode; and a second through-hole electrode penetrating the insulator, and electrically connected to a second collector electrode. In addition, a wiring member is disposed on the insulator.02-26-2009
20090165839Photovoltaic Cell - The invention relates to a photovoltaic cell, including at least a first junction between a pair of semiconducting regions (07-02-2009
20090014049PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH INTEGRATED ENERGY STORAGE - A photovoltaic module includes a first photovoltaic cell, a second photovoltaic cell and an energy storage device, such as a battery or capacitor, integrated into the module.01-15-2009
20090084426Universal interface for a photovoltaic module - An apparatus for providing a universal interface for a photovoltaic (PV) module. The apparatus comprises a universal retainer plate for mechanically coupling an output power module to the PV module.04-02-2009
20090084425Scribing Methods for Photovoltaic Modules Including a Mechanical Scribe - Methods for forming photovoltaic modules, and the photovoltaic modules produced by such methods are provided. A back-electrode layer is disposed on an elongated substrate. A first patterning is performed on the back-electrode layer using a laser scriber or a mechanical scriber. A semiconductor junction layer is disposed on top of the back-electrode layer. A second patterning is performed on the semiconductor junction layer using a mechanical scriber. A transparent conductor layer is disposed on top of the semiconductor junction layer. A third patterning is performed on the transparent conductor layer using a mechanical scriber thereby forming at least a first solar cell and a second solar cell, where the first solar cell and the second solar cell each comprise an isolated portion of the back-electrode layer, the semiconductor junction layer, and the transparent conductor layer.04-02-2009
20110139213PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM AND BOOST CONVERTER THEREOF - A photovoltaic system is disclosed herein, which includes a blocking diode, a string of photovoltaic modules, a boost converter and a controller. The photovoltaic modules are connected in series with the blocking diode. A voltage input terminal of the boost converter is connected to an anode of the blocking diode, and a voltage output terminal of the boost converter is connected to a cathode of the blocking diode. In use, the controller can drive the boost converter when the blocking diode is cut off.06-16-2011
20110139216SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - A solar cell and a manufacturing method thereof are disclosed. The solar cell in accordance with the present invention includes a substrate 06-16-2011
20110139214Systems, Circuits, and Methods For a Back Sheet of an Adaptive Solar Power System - A solar power system may comprise a back sheet that comprises an interconnect circuit coupling a plurality of cell tiles. A tiled solar cell, comprising a solar cell and encapsulating and glass layers, is inserted into the cell tiles of the back sheet. Each solar cell is individually addressable through the use of the interconnect circuit. Moreover, the interconnect circuit of the back sheet is programmable and allows for dynamic interconnect routing between solar cells.06-16-2011
20110139211SOLAR CELL PANEL - A solar cell panel is discussed. The solar cell panel includes a plurality of solar cells, each solar cell including a substrate and a second electrode positioned on a second surface of the substrate that is opposite a first surface of the substrate; a first conductive adhesive film including a first resin and a plurality of first conductive particles dispersed in the first resin, the first conductive adhesive film being positioned on a second surface of the second electrode that is opposite a first surface of the second electrode that contacts the substrate, and a first surface of the first conductive adhesive film that faces the second electrode entirely contacting at least one of the second surface of the second electrode and the second surface of the substrate; and an interconnector positioned on a second surface of the first conductive adhesive film that is opposite the first surface of the first conductive adhesive film.06-16-2011
20080236648Localized power point optimizer for solar cell installations - In one embodiment, a solar cell installation includes several groups of solar cells. Each group of solar cells has a local power point optimizer configured to control power generation of the group. The local power point optimizer may be configured to determine an optimum operating condition for a corresponding group of solar cells. The local power point optimizer may adjust the operating condition of the group to the optimum operating condition by modulating a transistor, such as by pulse width modulation, to electrically connect and disconnect the group from the installation. The local power point optimizer may be used in conjunction with a global maximum power point tracking module.10-02-2008
20080236649Method and system for manufacturing solar panels using an integrated solar cell using a plurality of photovoltaic regions - A solar panel apparatus and method. The apparatus has an optically transparent member comprising a predetermined thickness and an aperture surface region. The apparatus has a solar cell coupled to a portion of the optically transparent member. In a specific embodiment, the solar cell includes a transparent polymeric member and a plurality of photovoltaic regions provided within a portion of the transparent polymeric member. In a specific embodiment, the plurality of photovoltaic regions occupies at least about 10 percent of the aperture surface region of the transparent polymeric member and less than about 80% of the aperture surface region of the transparent polymeric member.10-02-2008
20110139215SOLAR CELL, MODULE, ARRAY, NETWORK, AND POWER GRID - The present invention teaches a solar cell, a solar module, a solar array, a network of solar arrays, and also a solar power grid suitable for providing power for industrial, residential and transportation use. A solar cell or solar module including a plurality of solar cells can be made in a structure configured to have the appearance of natural foliage. Accordingly, a solar array including a plurality of solar modules each including at least one solar cell can be made to resemble a palm tree, a deciduous tree, an evergreen tree, or other type of natural foliage. A network of solar arrays can be made to resemble a row or grove of palm trees, and thus meet the functional and aesthetic demands of landscape architecture. The network of solar arrays can extend for many miles alongside roads, highways, railways, pipelines, or canals, and can further include means for storing and transmitting electric power. In particular, a network of solar arrays can be in communication with recharging stations for use by electric and hybrid transportation vehicles. Accordingly, a network of solar arrays can form at least a portion of a solar power grid.06-16-2011
20090223549 SOLAR CELL AND FABRICATION METHOD USING CRYSTALLINE SILICON BASED ON LOWER GRADE FEEDSTOCK MATERIALS - Formation of a solar cell device from upgraded metallurgical grade silicon which has received at least one defect engineering process and including a low contact resistance electrical path. An anti-reflective coating is formed on an emitter layer and back contacts are formed on a back surface of the bulk silicon substrate. This photovoltaic device may be fired to form a back surface field at a temperature sufficiently low to avoid reversal of previous defect engineering processes. The process further forms openings in the anti-reflective coating and a low contact resistance metal layer, such as nickel layer, over the openings in the anti-reflective coating. The process may anneal the low contact resistance metal layer to form n-doped portion and complete an electrically conduct path to the n-doped layer. This low temperature metallization (e.g., <700° C.) supports the use of UMG silicon for the solar device formation without the risk of reversing earlier defect engineering processes.09-10-2009
20100051082THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin film solar cell module includes a front substrate; a plurality of thin film solar cells disposed on the front substrate; a rear substrate disposed on the thin film solar cells; a plurality of inter-connection terminals electrically connected to the thin film solar cells, respectively, and exposed to an exterior surface of at least one of the front and rear substrates; and a connector electrically connecting the inter-connection terminals in a series or parallel configuration.03-04-2010
20120067392PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE CONTAINING AN N-TYPE DOPANT SOURCE - Described herein is a method of using the buffer layer of a transparent conductive substrate as a dopant source for the n-type window layer of a photovoltaic device. The dopant source of the buffer layer distributes to the window layer of the photovoltaic device during semiconductor processing. Described herein are also methods of manufacturing embodiments of the substrate structure and photovoltaic device. Disclosed embodiments also describe a photovoltaic module and a photovoltaic structure with a plurality of photovoltaic devices having an embodiment of the substrate structure.03-22-2012
20110186105SOLAR CELL ASSEMBLY WITH SOLDER LUG - A solar cell assembly with a carrier having formed thereon solder lugs. The solder lugs have a base portion that electrically connects to an electrical contact of a solar cell. The soldering lug defines a wire-receiving opening in which a heavy gauge electrical wire can be soldered or secured with electrically conductive epoxy.08-04-2011
20110186103PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT, THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL, AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT MANUFACTURING METHOD - A photoelectric conversion element includes a substrate with an insulation layer having a metallic substrate and an electrical insulation layer formed on a surface of the metallic substrate, a diffusion prevention layer formed on the electrical insulation layer, an alkali supply layer being electrically conductive and formed on the diffusion prevention layer, a lower electrode formed on the alkali supply layer, a photoelectric conversion layer comprising a compound semiconductor layer and formed on the lower electrode, and an upper electrode formed on the photoelectric conversion layer. The diffusion prevention layer prevents at least diffusion of alkali metal from the alkali supply layer to the substrate with the insulation layer.08-04-2011
20090211622MULTI-LAYERED ELECTRO-OPTIC DEVICES - A laminate film includes a plurality of planar photovoltaic semi-transparent modules disposed one on top of another and laminated to each other. Each of the modules includes a substrate, first and second conductive layers and at least first and second semiconductor layers disposed between the conductive layers. The first and second semiconductor layers define a junction at an interface therebetween. At least one of the junctions is configured to convert a first spectral portion of optical energy into an electrical voltage and transmit a second spectral portion of optical energy to another of the junctions that is configured to convert at least a portion of the second spectral portion of optical energy into an electrical voltage.08-27-2009
20090211621Flexible Magnetically Attached Solar Electric Collector - A removable magnetically attached solar collector sheet system comprises a thin film, organic and printable photovoltaic sheet attached to a flexible magnetic sheet. The system removably attaches to any metal surface magnetically, conforms to that surface, and connects into the power supply of that object, such as homes, vehicles, commercial buildings, light poles, and other industrial applications.08-27-2009
20090223551Process for making solar cells - The invention describes a process and apparatus for making a photovoltaic device in a continuous roll to roll process. The fabrication apparatus in accordance with the present invention is quite novel and non-obvious and provides capital efficiency and advantages in processing for thin film solar cells.09-10-2009
20090101190Solar Cell Contacts Containing Aluminum And At Least One Of Boron, Titanium, Nickel, Tin, Silver, Gallium, Zinc, Indium And Copper - Formulations and methods of making solar cell contacts and cells therewith are disclosed. In general, the invention provides a solar cell comprising a contact made from a mixture wherein, prior to firing, the mixture comprises at least one aluminum source, at least one source of a metal including one or more of boron, titanium, nickel, tin, gallium zinc, indium, and copper, and about 0.1 to about 10 wt % of a glass component. Within the mixture, the overall content of aluminum is about 50 wt % to about 85 wt % of the mixture, and the overall combined content of boron, nickel, tin, silver, gallium, zinc, indium, copper, is about 0.05 to about 40 wt % of the mixture.04-23-2009
20090217964DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR PANELS - A system, method and apparatus are disclosed for improving an operating efficiency of a photovoltaic array. In one embodiment, the method includes arranging a first portion of a photovoltaic array so that the first portion of the photovoltaic array operates above a ground potential; switchably coupling an output of the first portion of the photovoltaic array to a power supply so as to enable the power supply to apply a voltage to the output of the first portion of the photovoltaic array; arranging a second portion of the photovoltaic array so that the second portion of the photovoltaic array operates below a ground potential; and switchably coupling an output of the second portion of the photovoltaic array to the power supply so as to enable the power supply to apply a voltage to the output of the second portion of the photovoltaic array.09-03-2009
20090308428SOLAR PANEL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR PANEL - A solar panel has a substrate (12-17-2009
20090173373Group III-Nitride Solar Cell with Graded Compositions - A compositionally graded Group III-nitride alloy is provided for use in a solar cell. In one or more embodiment, an alloy of either InGaN or InAlN formed in which the In composition is graded between two areas of the alloy. The compositionally graded Group III-nitride alloy can be utilized in a variety of types of solar cell configurations, including a single P-N junction solar cell having tandem solar cell characteristics, a multijunction tandem solar cell, a tandem solar cell having a low resistance tunnel junction and other solar cell configurations. The compositionally graded Group III-nitride alloy possesses direct band gaps having a very large tuning range, for example extending from about 0.7 to 3.4 eV for InGaN and from about 0.7 to 6.2 eV for InAlN.07-09-2009
20100263705SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND THE METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SOLAR CELL - An aspect of the invention provides a solar cell that comprises: a semiconductor substrate including a light-receiving surface and a back surface that is disposed at the opposite side from the light-receiving surface; a first conductivity type semiconductor region having a first conductivity type and formed on the back surface, the first conductivity type semiconductor region is a region that a first dopant is doped into the semiconductor substrate by laser radiation, wherein the first conductivity type semiconductor region is a region formed to extend in a direction that intersects cleavage planes of the semiconductor substrate; and a second conductivity type semiconductor region having a second conductivity type that is different from the first conductivity type and formed on the back surface.10-21-2010
20110126876Light-transmission thin film solar module and a process thereof - This invention discloses a light-transmission thin film solar module and a process thereof. A light-transmission area is formed by using a mask-assisted sandblasting etching process comprising: positioning a mask to cover the back electrode of the thin film solar module; and performing a sandblasting etching process to the mask to form the light-transmission area of the thin film solar module. The light-transmission thin film solar module manufactured by using the process of this invention can include a light-transmission area of any pattern at a lower cost and in a large scale production.06-02-2011
20100147353Integrated Shunt Protection Diodes For Thin-Film Photovoltaic Cells And Modules - A method for fabricating a photovoltaic cell with an integrated shunt protection diode. The photovoltaic cell and corresponding integrated shunt protection diode are created by first scribing a transparent conductive oxide layer on a substrate to define a plurality of transparent conductive oxide areas. Next, a semiconductor layer is deposited onto a surface of the transparent conductive oxide layer. This semiconductor layer is scribed to expose a portion of each of the transparent conductive oxide areas. A conductive layer is then deposited onto a surface of the semiconductor layer. Subsequently, the conductive layer is scribed into conductive areas.06-17-2010
20100147354SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING POWER FROM A PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY BY SELECTIVELY CONFIGURATING CONNECTIONS BETWEEN PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS - A system for maximizing power output from a photovoltaic array includes a configurable photovoltaic panel having a series-parallel selector and a bypass selector electrically controlled by a node controller. Some embodiments further include a plurality of configurable photovoltaic modules. A configurable photovoltaic panel may selectively be electrically connected to other configurable photovoltaic panels in a series circuit, a parallel circuit, or a combination of series and parallel circuits according to switching states set by the node controller for the bypass selector and series-parallel selector. A number of configurable photovoltaic panels connected in series and a number connected in parallel may optionally be selected in response to a change in an output voltage from a photovoltaic array, for example a voltage change resulting from a change in illumination, thereby causing the output voltage from the photovoltaic array to be greater than or equal to a minimum input voltage for an inverter.06-17-2010
20090255565THIN FILM SOLAR CELL STRING - Thin film PV cells and strings of such cells that may be electrically joined with conductive tabs or ribbons. A semi-flexible, electrically conductive adhesive is applied to join the tabs to the front and back of a cell, providing a conductive pathway between the tab and solar cell, with good adhesion to both. The tabs may be constructed of one or more materials having a thermal expansion coefficient that closely matches that of the substrate material of the cells, so that when the string or module is subsequently heated, mechanical stress between the tab and solar cell is minimized. The semi-flexible nature of the ECA also acts to relieve stress between the tab and the solar cell, decreasing the possibility of adhesion failure at critical locations. One or more dielectric materials may be applied to the PV cells and/or the tabs in regions where a tab crosses the edge of a cell, to avoid electrical shorting between the negative and positive electrodes of the cell.10-15-2009
20090260671SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF PARALLEL INTERCONNECTION OF PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A photovoltaic system includes a first submodule and a second submodule connected in parallel.10-22-2009
20090260673Preventing Harmful Polarization Of Solar Cells - In one embodiment, harmful solar cell polarization is prevented or minimized by providing a conductive path that bleeds charge from a front side of a solar cell to the bulk of a wafer. The conductive path may include patterned holes in a dielectric passivation layer, a conductive anti-reflective coating, or layers of conductive material formed on the top or bottom surface of an anti-reflective coating, for example. Harmful solar cell polarization may also be prevented by biasing a region of a solar cell module on the front side of the solar cell.10-22-2009
20090260670Precursor ink for producing IB-IIIA-VIA semiconductors - Copper indium diselenide, copper indium gallium diselenide, and other IB-IIIA-VIA compounds are produced by the liquid deposition on a substrate of a precursor-containing ink, followed by heating to produce the desired material. The precursor containing ink is a mixture of three parts. The first part is plurality of particulates of metal compounds of IB, IIIA. The second part is chalcogen source of selenium, sulfur, or organic chalcogen compounds dissolved in a liquid organic solvent. The third part solution function as viscosity adjustment, as introduction of dopant of sodium ion and/or as ink stabilizer. The precursor ink can be coated on substrate at room temperature and it can be transferred into copper indium (gallium) chalcogenide semiconductor thin film upon baking and a chalcogenization process. The resulting thin film semiconducting material can be incorporated into photovoltaic and other electronic devices.10-22-2009
20110139210SOLAR CELL PANEL - A solar cell panel is discussed. The solar cell panel includes a plurality of solar cells, each solar cell including a substrate and a plurality of back electrodes that are positioned on a back surface of the substrate that is opposite a light receiving surface, the plurality of back electrodes being spaced apart from one another by a space to expose the substrate, a conductive adhesive film including a resin and a plurality of conductive particles dispersed in the resin, and an interconnector positioned on a back surface of the conductive adhesive film that is opposite a surface that contacts the substrate. The conductive adhesive film is positioned on the back surface of the substrate that is exposed through the space. The interconnector directly contacts the conductive adhesive film.06-16-2011
20120192915PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND ARRAY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF - A method for manufacture of a photovoltaic module is provided, the method comprising providing one or more photovoltaic (PV) cells, each being configured to convert incident light into electrical energy, providing a printed circuit board (PCB) configured to electrically connect the PV cells to each other, disposing the PV cells on the PCB, providing a solder paste between the electrically conductive portions of the PV cells and PCB, and heating the PV cells and PCB to a temperature sufficient to melt the solder paste, thereby soldering the PV cells to the PCB.08-02-2012
20110139212SOLAR CELL PANEL - A solar cell panel is discussed. The solar cell panel includes a plurality of solar cells, each solar cell including a substrate, an emitter layer, and a plurality of front electrodes extending in a first direction, an interconnector that is positioned in a second direction crossing the plurality of front electrodes, and a conductive adhesive film including a resin and a plurality of conductive particles dispersed in the resin. The conductive adhesive film is positioned between the plurality of front electrodes and the interconnector in the second direction crossing the plurality of front electrodes and electrically connects the plurality of front electrodes to the interconnector. The plurality of front electrodes respectively have areas that overlap with areas of the conductive adhesive film, and the areas of the respective plurality of front electrodes are also in contact with the areas of the conductive adhesive film.06-16-2011
20100147356Thin film solar cell string - Thin film photovoltaic cells and strings of cells that may be electrically joined in series by a conductive carrier web that underlies the positive polarity side (bottom side) of the cells. Electrical contact between the positive polarity side of a cell and the carrier web may be made through electrically conductive material such as conductive adhesive disposed between the carrier web and one or more portions of the bottom surface of each cell. Electrical contact between the negative polarity (top side) of a cell and the carrier web may be made through one or more apertures formed in the cell. An electrically conductive material may be disposed in the apertures for this purpose, in conjunction with a dielectric to line the aperture and avoid an electrical short between the opposite polarities of a given cell.06-17-2010
20100147357SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes an extracting wire member 06-17-2010
20100175736METHOD FOR GENERATING ELECTRICITY FROM SOLAR PANELS FOR EMERGENCY TRAILER USE - A method for generating electricity from solar power to an air handling unit or an electrical system of an emergency trailer relying on a photovoltaic panels (07-15-2010
20100147358METHOD OF TRANSFERRING ELEMENTS, ELEMENT DISPOSITION SUBSTRATE, DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Disclosed herein is a method of transferring elements, including the steps of: holding a plurality of elements made at a first pitch on an element formation substrate on a temporarily holding substrate in a lamp state; forming a plurality of element mounting bases and obtaining an element disposition substrate; disposing an uncured adhesive agent layer on each of the bearing surfaces of the element mounting bases; making the temporarily holding substrate and the element disposition substrate close to each other and causing partial elements of the plurality of elements to come in contact with the uncured adhesive agent layer; curing the uncured adhesive agent layer, fixing the partial elements contacting the adhesive agent layer to the element mounting bases; and separating the temporarily holding substrate and the element disposition substrate from each other with the partial elements contacting the adhesive agent layer being left on the respective element mounting bases.06-17-2010
20100147355CONNECTED STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURE THEREOF - A method for electrically connecting a surface electrode of a solar battery cell and a wiring member via a conductive adhesive film, wherein the conductive adhesive film contains an insulating adhesive and conductive particles, and wherein when the ten point height of roughness profile and maximum height of the surface of the surface electrode in contact with the conductive adhesive film are Rz (μm) and Ry (μm) respectively, the average particle diameter r (μm) of the conductive particles is equal to or greater than the ten point height of roughness profile Rz, and the thickness t (μm) of the conductive adhesive film is equal to or greater than the maximum height Ry.06-17-2010
20100175737Acrylic film and acrylic backsheet prepared therefrom - An acrylic film including from 70% to 99%, by weight based on the weight of the film, of a certain multi-stage acrylic polymer and from 1% to 20%, by weight based on the weight of the film, pigment is provided. Also provided is a method for forming the acrylic film, a backsheet for a photovoltaic array that includes the acrylic film and a polyester layer, and a method for forming the backsheet.07-15-2010
20100154859BUSS BAR STRIP - A buss bar strip for mounting to a solar panel to electrically connect to a series of electrical lines extending from solar cells. The buss bar strip can include a thin elongate flat flexible strip of insulative material having a longitudinal length. A predetermined pattern of elongate conductors can be longitudinally disposed on the insulative strip in at least two rows along the longitudinal length and electrically isolated from each other. Each conductor can have a predetermined position, length, and spacing from each other on the insulative strip for laterally electrically connecting to selected electrical lines from the solar cells at lateral electrical connection points located along the length of the conductor on exposed surfaces on the conductor.06-24-2010
20100154858SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY CONTROLLING A SOLAR PANEL IN SEGMENTS - A control system is provided for a solar panel. The control system includes a plurality of control elements that are individually connected to a corresponding segment of the solar panel. The control system also includes control logic that is structured to individually signal each of the plurality of control elements in order to cause the signaled control element to either switch-off or alter performance output to maximize the over all output of a solar panel or solar power generating system utilizing such panels.06-24-2010
20120103387PHOTOVOLTAIC COMPONENT - The present invention relates to a photovoltaic component comprising a superimposed arrangement of at least one inorganic solar cell and at least one organic solar cell. The inorganic solar cell comprises a translucent backside opposite to the organic solar cell. The present invention further relates to a method of producing a photovoltaic component.05-03-2012
20100163092PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A terminal box 07-01-2010
20100163093SOLAR GENERATOR WITH CONCENTRATOR OF PRIMARY ELECTRIC ARCS - A (GS) for an equipment (EQ) including an electrical reference (ME) and including an area provided with at least two photoelectric cells (C) electrically connected and each covered by a protective window that can become electrostatically charged. This solar generator further includes, on the one hand, at at least one chosen place (EC) of the area, intensification means (MI) responsible for locally intensifying the electrostatic charge so as to force the generation of primary electrical arcs at that chosen place, and, on the other hand, discharging means (EL, LM) adapted to couple the intensification means (MI) to the electrical reference (ME) of the equipment (EQ) so as to evacuate to that electrical reference (ME) discharge currents induced by the primary electrical arcs.07-01-2010
20090084427Copper Indium Diselenide-Based Photovoltaic Device And Method Of Preparing the Same - A copper indium diselenide (CIS)-based photovoltaic device includes a CIS-based solar absorber layer including copper, indium, and selenium. The CIS-based photovoltaic device further includes a substrate formed from a silicone composition. The substrate, because it is formed from the silicone composition, is both flexible and sufficiently able to withstand annealing temperatures in excess of 500° C. to obtain maximum efficiency of the device.04-02-2009
20130213451PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module capable of suppressing separation of a tab electrode can be obtained. The photovoltaic module includes a plurality of semiconductor layers including a photoelectric conversion layer, a plurality of photovoltaic elements including a finger electrode for collecting generated currents, formed on the semiconductor layers on a side of a light receiving surface, and a tab electrode for electrically connecting the plurality of photovoltaic elements, in which the tab electrode is electrically connected to the finger electrode in a region corresponding to a power generation region of the photovoltaic element and bonded on the light receiving surface through an insulating bonding material.08-22-2013
20120138117THERMOPLASTIC WIRE NETWORK SUPPORT FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - Provided are novel methods of fabricating photovoltaic modules using thermoplastic materials to support wire networks to surfaces of photovoltaic cells. A thermoplastic material goes through a molten state during module fabrication to distribute the material near the wire-cell surface interface. In certain embodiments, a thermoplastic material is provided as a melt and coated over a cell surface, with a wire network positioned over this surface. In other embodiments, a thermoplastic material is provided as a part of an interconnect assembly together with a wire network and is melted during one of the later operations. In certain embodiments, a thermoplastic material is provided as a shell over individual wires of the wire network. A thermoplastic material is then solidified, at which point it may be relied on to support the interconnect assembly with respect to the cell. Also provided are novel photovoltaic module structures that include thermoplastic materials used for support.06-07-2012
20100186796SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module is provided. The solar cell module includes: a substrate; a plurality of unit cells including a first electrode, a semiconductor layer, and a second electrode that are sequentially deposited on the substrate; a first sub-module and a second sub-module having the unit cells, respectively; a first longitudinal pattern dividing the unit cells of the first sub-module, and a second longitudinal pattern dividing the unit cells of the second sub-module; a transverse pattern dividing the first sub-module and the second sub-module; and an insulating portion disposed near the transverse pattern, and insulating between the first sub-module and the second sub-module, wherein the unit cells of the first sub-module are connected in series through the first longitudinal pattern, the unit cells of the second sub-module are connected in series through the second longitudinal pattern, and the first sub-module and the second sub-module are connected in series through the transverse pattern.07-29-2010
20100186795CONNECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SOLAR CELLS - Exemplary embodiments provide a solar cell device, and method for forming the solar cell device by integrating a switch component into a solar cell element. The solar cell element can include a solar cell, a solar cell array and/or a solar cell panel. The integrated solar cell element can be used for a solar sensor, while the solar sensor can also use discrete switches for each solar cell area of the sensor. Exemplary embodiments also provide a connection system for the solar cell elements and a method for super-connecting the solar cell elements to provide a desired connection path or a desired power output through switch settings. The disclosed connection systems and methods can allow for by-passing underperforming solar cell elements from a plurality of solar cell elements. In embodiments, the solar cell element can be extended to include a battery or a capacitor.07-29-2010
20100193005ADJUSTABLE SOLAR CELL NETWORK - A system including an array of solar cells having positive and negative rails. A plurality of intermediate nodes are positioned adjacent positive and negative rails of solar cells in the array of solar cells. A plurality of switches are positioned to couple positive nodes to positive rails, couple negative nodes to negative rails and couple positive and negative rails to intermediate nodes.08-05-2010
20110005567MODULAR SOLAR PANEL SYSTEM - Solar panels with an integrated DC-to-AC converter are provided. Such solar panels are usable as an independent generator of AC power or as part of an array of panels, and may be grid-connected with low initial cost of entry. Other aspects provide a panel with a built-in array of “micro-batteries” for energy storage in off-grid applications or grid-connected. Also provided herein, in another aspect, is an AC solar panel whose internal design and structure is optimized for the generation of AC power. Intrinsically, this includes an embedded DC-to-AC converter or converters. The AC solar panel may be used as an independent generator of AC power or as part of an array of panels. In still further aspects, one or more panels may be used as a remote AC power source with after sun-down power generation capability, low initial cost of entry and ease of deployment.01-13-2011
20100180925THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - To provide a thin-film solar cell module capable of preventing damage to a cell and a contact line.07-22-2010
20090078301SOLAR CELL MODULE - According to a solar cell module 03-26-2009
20090078300DISTRIBUTED MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING CONVERTER - The present system and method provides a maximum power point tracking converter for use with a solar cell group in a distributed manner within a solar panel. According to one embodiment, one or more solar cells within a solar panel are grouped and coupled to a distributed converter that extracts maximum power from the coupled solar cell group.03-26-2009
20090078299MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR SOLAR PANELS - An integrated module frame and racking system for a solar panel is disclosed. The solar panel comprises a plurality of solar modules and a plurality of splices for coupling the plurality of solar modules together. The plurality of splices provide a way to make the connected modules mechanically rigid both during transport to the roof and after mounting for the lifetime of the system, provide wiring connections between modules, provide an electrical grounding path for the modules, provide a way to add modules to the panel, and provide a way to remove or change a defective module. Connector mount assemblies are provided on the sides of the modules to simplify the electrical assembly of modules when the modules are connected together with splices and to simplify the final connection of external wiring to the module.03-26-2009
20110005566PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME - A photovoltaic cell module and a method of making the same are provided. The photovoltaic cell module includes a first cell including a first transparent conductive substrate, a first photovoltaic conversion layer, and a first electrode layer, at least a second cell electrically connected to the first cell in series; and a second electrode layer electrically connected to the second cell. In the first cell, the first photovoltaic conversion layer is disposed on the first transparent conductive substrate. The first electrode layer is disposed on the first photovoltaic conversion layer and electrically connected to the first transparent conductive substrate. In addition, the present invention also provides the method of making the photovoltaic cell module.01-13-2011
20100258157WATERTIGHT CONNECTOR AND PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATING APPARATUS - A watertight connection includes a male side and female side pair of terminal fittings. Each of the terminal fittings is mounted to an end part of an electrical line. Plug housings having male side and female side terminal fittings of two poles are correspondingly mounted, male side-to-male side and female side-to-female side. Insulation members each house a rear end part of a plug housing and an end part of an electrical lines. A sealing material member prevents moisture from penetrating into the insulation member. Openings, which expose the front end part of each plug housing outside of the insulation member, are formed in an inner wall surface of the insulation member. An outer circumferential surface of the rear end part of each of the plug housings is brought into close contact with the sealing material member to couple the plug housings and the insulation member in a watertight state.10-14-2010
20100258158MADE TO ELEMENTS CAPABLE OF COLLECTING LIGHT - The invention relates to an element capable of collecting light, comprising a first substrate having a glass function and forming a cover, and a second substrate forming a support, said substrates sandwiching between two electrode-forming conductive layers at least one functional layer based on an absorber material for converting light energy into electrical energy. The second substrate is provided on its lower face with a plurality of profiles (10-14-2010
20100193008Electrical Connection System For Photovoltaic Solar Installations - A kit for an electrical connection system for photovoltaic solar installations, which includes a plurality of solar cells each with their own electrical connection. The kit includes a number of modules having a plurality of different module types, in each of which different components of the connection system are accommodated. The kit includes at least one module type, having with a connecting device for connecting the external electrical connection of one of the solar cells. A plurality of the modules may be connected together in a selectable manner.08-05-2010
20100206352LOW-CONCENTRATION FLAT PROFILE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - The present invention generally relates to low-concentration photovoltaic modules. The photovoltaic modules may comprise a flexible backsheet having a plurality of electrically conductive circuit elements that have been embossed or imprinted to create optical features in the electrically conductive surface. The solar cells are then in electrical contact with the electrically conductive circuit elements to complete the photovoltaic module. By imprinting/embossing the electrically conductive circuit elements, incident solar radiation that would normally not reach the solar cells may be reflected and collected by the solar cells. Thus, substantially all of the solar radiation that is exposed to the photovoltaic module is collected by the solar cells of the photovoltaic module.08-19-2010
20100224230Collector grid and interconnect structures for photovoltaic arrays and modules - An interconnected arrangement of photovoltaic cells is achieved using laminating current collector electrodes. The electrodes comprise a pattern of conductive material extending over a first surface of sheetlike substrate material. The first surface comprises material having adhesive affinity for a selected conductive surface. Application of the electrode to the selected conductive surface brings the first surface of the sheetlike substrate into adhesive contact with the conductive surface and simultaneously brings the conductive surface into firm contact with the conductive material extending over first surface of the sheetlike substrate. Use of the laminating current collector electrodes allows facile and continuous production of expansive area interconnected photovoltaic arrays.09-09-2010
20100243028ELEMENT INTERCONNECTION MEMBER, PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT AND A SERIES OF PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENTS INCLUDING THE SAME, AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE - An interconnector includes an extending portion extending in one direction and a connection portion fixed to an n electrode or a p electrode formed on a cell substrate of a photoelectric conversion element for connection to this electrode. The connection portion is formed in a comb shape so as to protrude from the extending portion in a direction substantially orthogonal to the one direction. Though the extending portion is in contact with the cell substrate, it is not fixed to the cell substrate. By not fixing the extending portion to the cell substrate, stress involved with heat shrinkage can be released and a degree of freedom in arrangement of the n electrode and the p electrode formed on the photoelectric conversion element can be enhanced.09-30-2010
20100212714MODULAR SOLAR RACKING SYSTEM - A modular solar racking system comprises a plurality of modular solar rack supports that interconnect to provide a portable, non-invasive solar electrical generation system. One embodiment comprises a plastic modular solar rack support having a base portion, a ballast holding portion, a strut and a wedge portion. Supports are interconnected by fitting within grooves in the strut. Uni-strut frames are attached to the supports and solar panels are mounted thereon. In another embodiment, the supports comprise a base portion, a ballast holding portion, a forward lifting portion, a rearward lifting portion and a strut. Again, supports are interconnected by fitting within grooves disposed in the strut. The supports are stackable and are installed on-site using a torque wrench. Ballast may be used to hold the supports down. In one embodiment, a membrane is applied to the bottom surface which is used to adhere the support to a surface.08-26-2010
20100275965SOLAR CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell and a method of manufacturing the same are disclosed. The solar cell includes a substrate of a first conductive type; an emitter layer of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type on the substrate; a first electrode electrically connected to the emitter layer; a passivation layer on the substrate; a second electrode conductive layer on the passivation layer, the second electrode conductive layer including at least one second electrode electrically connected to the substrate through the passivation layer; and a second electrode current collector electrically connected to the second electrode conductive layer.11-04-2010
20100275964SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SOLAR CELL - An i-type amorphous silicon layer 11-04-2010
20100275970Stacked Photovoltaic Device And Method Of Manufacturing The Same - A back metal electrode, a bottom cell using microcrystalline silicon for a photoelectric conversion layer, a front cell using amorphous silicon for a photoelectric conversion layer, and a transparent front electrode are formed in this order on a supporting substrate. At least one of the concentration of impurities contained in the front photoelectric conversion layer and the concentration of impurities contained in the bottom photoelectric conversion layer is controlled such that the concentration of impurities in the bottom photoelectric conversion layer is higher than the concentration of impurities in the front photoelectric conversion layer. Impurities do not include a p-type dopant or an n-type dopant but are any one, two, or all of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen.11-04-2010
20100163094Method and System for Harvesting Artificial Light - Method and system is provided for harvesting artificial light. Photovoltaic systems are placed in locations where artificial light is available such as along highways, airports, stadiums and subways. Photovoltaic systems harvest light energy provided by artificial sources, such as automobile headlights and overhead lighting. Photovoltaic systems convert energy provided by artificial sources into electricity. Electricity is sent to transfer stations, battery storage or otherwise stored or used such that demand on the power grid is reduced.07-01-2010
20100224228SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A charge transferor of a solar cell, which collects and transfer charges generated from a semiconductor substrate, includes at least one electrode collecting the charges; and at least one collector transferring the charges collected by the at least one electrode, the at least one collector being included in at least one collector region on the substrate, wherein the at least one collector region in a first direction comprises at least one deletion portion where the at least one collector is not formed.09-09-2010
20100224229MULTI-JUNCTION SEMICONDUCTOR PHOTOVOLTAIC APPARATUS AND METHODS - A multi-junction thin film semiconductor photovoltaic devices having improved absorption properties and increased efficiencies and methods for making the same are disclosed.09-09-2010
20100236597PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - The invention relates to a photovoltaic module. Such a photovoltaic module is also referred to as a “string” and consists of a plurality of plate-shaped cells, what are known as solar cells, which are arranged at a distance from each other and flush with each other.09-23-2010
20120192914SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL SYSTEM - A solar cell includes a substrate with a textured surface and a transparent conductive film formed on the textured surface that includes indium oxide containing hydrogen and cerium, and wherein X-ray diffraction peaks in an orientation in a (400) plane, measured by an X-ray diffraction method, range from 2θ-diffraction angles of no less than 35.31° and no greater than 35.41°, and half-widths of no less than 0.10° and no greater than 0.30°, where θ is an x-ray diffraction angle.08-02-2012
20120192911THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL - A thin-film solar cell includes a plurality of unit solar cells, each unit solar cell including a photoelectric conversion portion and a rear electrode layer. The photoelectric conversion portion has a first electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a second transparent electrode layer, sequentially stacked on a front surface of the insulating substrate. The rear electrode layer is stacked on a rear surface of the insulating substrate. Each unit solar cell has a first overlap region in which a portion of the first electrode layer, taken from a plan view, overlaps with a portion of the rear electrode layer of an adjacent unit solar cell. Each unit solar cell has a second overlap region in which the photoelectric conversion portion and the rear electrode layer of each unit solar cell, taken from a plan view, overlap with each other.08-02-2012
20100243027SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - In the solar cell 09-30-2010
20100243025Window[s] Treatment - A windows treatment device includes a component for generating electrical current from incident light, a battery, and a component for generating light.09-30-2010
20100243029FLEXIBLE SOLAR CELL MODULE - A flexible solar cell module that includes a flexible insulating substrate; a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements formed on the substrate, each including a rear electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a transparent electrode layer; an organic insulating protection film covering each photoelectric conversion element such that light transparency for each photoelectric conversion element is secured; and an inorganic insulating protection film provided on each transparent electrode layer such that light transparency on a light receiving side of each photoelectric conversion element is secured. The inorganic insulating protection film is formed to have a layer structure that includes a silicon oxynitride layer as the outermost layer of the structure. This enables improvement of the weather resistance and water vapor barrier properties and improvement of the photoelectric conversion efficiency of the solar cell module to be achieved at a low cost.09-30-2010
20100243022Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Module - A dye-sensitized solar cell module comprising dye-sensitized solar cells arranged on a flat surface. Each dye-sensitized solar cell comprises a first substrate on which a first conductive layer having a photoelectric conversion layer forming part and an extension part is provided, a second substrate as the counter electrode on which a second conductive layer having a photoelectric conversion layer provided on the photoelectric conversion layer forming part on the first conductive layer is provided, a charge transfer layer contact part and an extension part, a third conductive layer provided on the extension part of the first and/or the extension part of the second conductive layer, a partition wall separating the dye-sensitized solar cell from an adjacent dye-sensitized solar cell, and a charge transfer layer. Part or whole of the partition wall contains conductive particles having conductive layers on their surfaces. The conductive layers of the conductive particles, the first conductive layer extension part of a dye-sensitized solar cell, and the second conductive layer extension part of the adjacent dye-sensitized solar cell are electrically connected in series via the third conductive layer provided on the extension part of the first conductive layer and/or the extension part of the second conductive layer.09-30-2010
20100243020HYBRID STRUCTURES FOR SOLAR ENERGY CAPTURE - A solar energy capture device (solar cell) comprising a disordered mat of semiconductor nanostructures decorated with metal nanoparticles of varying diameters is described. The solar cell may be configured as a semiconductor-type solar cell or as a Gratzel-type solar cell.09-30-2010
20100243021Solar cells and methods for manufacturing the same - Solar cells and methods of manufacturing the same are provided, the solar cell include a plurality of unit cells connected to one another on the same level of a substrate to form a module, each of the unit cells including a first electrode and a second electrode having opposite polarities and an active layer interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode.09-30-2010
20100252090SCRIBING METHODS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES INCLUDING A MECHANICAL SCRIBE - Methods for forming photovoltaic modules, and the photovoltaic modules produced by such methods are provided. A back-electrode layer is disposed on an elongated substrate. A first patterning is performed on the back-electrode layer using a laser scriber or a mechanical scriber. A semiconductor junction layer is disposed on top of the back-electrode layer. A second patterning is performed on the semiconductor junction layer using a mechanical scriber. A transparent conductor layer is disposed on top of the semiconductor junction layer. A third patterning is performed on the transparent conductor layer using a mechanical scriber thereby forming at least a first solar cell and a second solar cell, where the first solar cell and the second solar cell each comprise an isolated portion of the back-electrode layer, the semiconductor junction layer, and the transparent conductor layer.10-07-2010
20100139731WIRE-BASED HANGING WIRE-WAY FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES OR MODULE GROUPS - A wire-based hanging wire-way for photovoltaic modules or module groups is described. A photovoltaic system includes a first and a second photovoltaic module group. A wire-based hanging wire-way is coupled with the first and the second photovoltaic module groups. A first bundle of electrical cables is supported by the wire-based hanging wire-way. One or more electrical cables from the first bundle of electrical cables are coupled to the first photovoltaic module group. The photovoltaic system also includes a power distribution network adapted to receive a second bundle of electrical cables, the second bundle of electrical cables including the first bundle of electrical cables. Further, one or more electrical cables from the second bundle of electrical cables is coupled to the second photovoltaic module group.06-10-2010
20100200041Modular solar photovoltaic canopy system for development of rail vehicle traction power - This invention provides a method by which rail systems can use air space above tracks and right of way for generating traction power for electric powered rail vehicles. Through the design and installation of rail-specific solar photovoltaic canopy modules, replicated and joined together in assemblies of various lengths, transit districts, rail agencies and operators can develop energy for rail vehicle traction power. Integrating solar PV technology and the supply and distribution of traction power can provide a rail system increased levels of energy independence, lower fixed energy cost over 25 to 30 years and the possibility of providing Carbon Neutral rail service.08-12-2010
20100101627FLEXIBLE SOLAR PANEL MODULE - The present invention provides a flexible solar panel which can be used as to provide a standalone power generation solution or simply to supplement power provided by a traditional utility provider. It is designed to withstand inclement weather. It uses semi-spherical photovoltaic amorphous, poly silicon or single crystalline semiconductor materials like Silicon to produce electrical energy from sunlight. Each photovoltaic cell is mounted on a flexible printed circuit board to create the usable power source. The flexible printed circuit boards are embedded in low durometer substrate materials like Neoprene and then covered with a clear protective film.04-29-2010
20100078058SOLAR ELECTRIC PANEL - A solar panel 04-01-2010
20090020149Hybrid Multi-Junction Photovoltaic Cells And Associated Methods - A multi-junction photovoltaic cell includes a substrate and a back contact layer formed on the substrate. A low bandgap Group IB-IIIB-VIB01-22-2009
20100200040DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REPAIRING SOLAR CELL MODULE - A device for repairing a solar cell module is described. The solar cell module includes a first solar cell and a second solar cell serially connected to each other. The device for repairing the solar cell module includes a first terminal, a second terminal, and a power supply device. The power supply device applies a biased voltage signal to the solar cells via the first terminal and the second terminal. The biased voltage signal includes a forward biased voltage part and a reversed biased voltage part. The reversed biased voltage part has multiple voltage bands arranged by time, and a voltage value of each voltage band is a fixed value. The voltage value of the earlier-generated voltage band is greater than the voltage value of the later-generated voltage band, and a duration of the reversed biased voltage part is longer than a duration of the forward biased voltage part.08-12-2010
20100200042PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A method for manufacturing a photovoltaic device including one or a plurality of photovoltaic cells is provided. Each of the photovoltaic cells includes a transparent conductive film, a photovoltaic layer, and a metal electrode which are formed on a substrate. A voltage is applied between a first portion of the metal electrode and a second portion of the metal electrode that is distant from the first portion, so as to remove at least apart of the metal electrode.08-12-2010
20100031999SOLAR CELL MODULE - A first solar cell is electrically connected to a second solar cell electrically and arranged in an array direction. Each of the first and second solar cell comprises: a light-receiving surface; a rear surface; a plurality of n-type side electrodes and p-type side electrodes both formed in the array direction on the rear surface; a wiring member electrically connecting the first solar cell and the second solar cell and arranged over the plurality of n-type side electrodes and the plurality of p-type side electrodes; an n-type side electrode insulating member that is arranged over the wiring member and covers a part of the plurality of n-type side electrodes, the part facing the wiring member; and a p-type side electrode insulating member that is arranged over the wiring member and covers a part of the plurality of p-type side electrodes, the part facing the wiring member.02-11-2010
20110056536APPARAUS AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING A RENEWABLE ENERGY PANEL ON A ROOF - An apparatus for retaining a photovoltaic panel on a rooftop includes a vessel having a first side, second side, front, bottom, and top panels, wherein the panels are attached to define a void within the vessel. A fill port is disposed on the vessel. A first hole is adapted to receive a screw on the top panel, wherein the first hole is aligned with a second hole disposed on the bottom panel, wherein the first and second holes are adapted to be aligned with a third hole on a first mounting cross arm. The top panel is inclined at an angle relative to the bottom panel.03-10-2011
20110056535PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL - A photovoltaic panel (03-10-2011
20110056534SEMITRANSPARENT PHOTOVOLTAIC FILM - A semitransparent photovoltaic film is provided, including a flexible substrate that integrates a plurality of first and second planar portions, and a plurality of photovoltaic cells. An angle is also included correspondingly between the first and the second planar portions. The photovoltaic cells are formed on a plurality of surfaces of the first planar portions of the flexible substrate. According to a design of the semitransparent photovoltaic film, most directly incident sunlight is absorbed and then converted into electricity, and most of the lights progressing horizontally or on a upward slant can pass through the film, thereby achieving the transparent visual effect.03-10-2011
20110056533SERIES SOLAR SYSTEM WITH CURRENT-MATCHING FUNCTION - A series solar system with current-matching function includes a plurality of solar modules. The plurality of the solar modules is electrically connected in series. Each solar module includes a DC/DC converter and a solar panel electrically connected in parallel. The photocurrent generated by the solar panel is matched with the current generated by the solar panel operating at the optimum operating point by means of adjusting the duty cycle of the DC/DC converter, so that the solar panel can generate maximum output power. Therefore, in the series solar system, even a solar module is covered, causing the received light intensity of the solar module is reduced, and the series solar system still can generate maximum output power.03-10-2011
20090288698PORTABLE SOLAR POWER SOURCE - A portable solar power source is provided which will convert solar energy into electrical energy to provide electrical power to an array of devices normally accompanying those who enjoy being in outdoor areas or on rivers or lakes. The device is made to be portable by having wheels and a handle so that it may be pulled like a cart or wagon. The portable device of the present invention further includes one or more solar panels, which are deployed from a substantially horizontal position to a substantially vertical position with respect to the transport device. In the preferred embodiment the solar panels are double junction amorphous solar panels. Such panels have the greatest efficiency and produce electrical energy from light energy even if the solar panels are not in the direct sunlight.11-26-2009
20100000591TRANSPARENT SUBSTRATE COMPRISING AN ANTIREFLECTION COATING - The subject of the invention is a transparent substrate (01-07-2010
20100000589Photovoltaic devices having conductive paths formed through the active photo absorber - A solar PV module comprises an array of serially interconnected spaced PV solar cells on a common substrate, each cell comprising a 101-07-2010
20090260672SOLAR CELL MODULE - A first surface of a first section of a connection member includes a first conductive region, and a second surface of a second section of the connection member includes a second conductive region. The first conductive region is formed along an n-side electrode included in one solar cell, and is electrically connected to the n-side electrode. The second conductive region is formed along a p-side electrode included in a different solar cell, and is electrically connected to the p-side electrode. The first conductive region and the second conductive region are electrically connected to each other.10-22-2009
20100294333STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCY AND MECHANICAL STRENGTH - The present disclosure presents a three-dimensional thin film solar cell (3-D TFSC) substrate having enhanced mechanical strength, light trapping, and metal modulation coverage properties. The substrate includes a plurality of unit cells, which may or may not be different. Unit cells are defined as a small self-contained geometrical pattern which may be repeated. Each unit cell structure includes a wall enclosing a trench. Further, the unit cell includes an aperture having an aperture diameter. For the purposes of the present disclosure, the dimensions of interest include wall thickness, wall height, and aperture diameter. A pre-determined variation in these dimensions among unit cells across the substrate produces specific advantages.11-25-2010
20120192913MIXED TEMPERATURE DEPOSITION OF THIN FILM SILICON TANDEM CELLS - Fabrication of a tandem photovoltaic device includes forming a bottom cell having an N-type layer, a P-type layer and a bottom intrinsic layer therebetween. A top cell is formed relative to the bottom cell. The top cell has an N-type layer, a P-type layer and a top intrinsic layer therebetween. The top intrinsic layer is formed of an undoped material deposited at a temperature that is different from the bottom intrinsic layer such that band gap energies for the top intrinsic layer and the bottom intrinsic layer are progressively lower for each cell.08-02-2012
20100218800Methods and Apparatus for Metallization of Solar Cells - A superstrate, such as a sheet of polymer film, is used as a transport during metallization of solar cells. The back sides of the solar cells are attached to the sheet of polymer film. Contact holes are formed through the sheet of polymer film to expose doped regions of the solar cells. Metals are formed in the contact holes to electrically connect to the exposed doped regions of the solar cells. The metals are electroplated to form metal contacts of the solar cell. Subsequently, the solar cells are separated from other solar cells that were metallized while supported by the same sheet of polymer film to form strings of solar cells or individual solar cells.09-02-2010
20090165840SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A disclosed solar cell module includes: a translucent substrate; a translucent light-receiving-surface-side conductive layer formed on the substrate; a first semiconductor layer formed on the light-receiving-surface-side conductive layer; a transparent conductive layer formed on the first semiconductor layer; and a second semiconductor layer formed on the transparent conductive layer. The solar cell module has a first separating groove that separates the light-receiving-surface-side conductive layer into parts, and a transparent conductive layer separating groove formed continuously from the first separating groove and that separates the transparent conductive layer and the first semiconductor layer into parts. Those grooves are filled with the material of the second semiconductor layer. The transparent conductive layer separating groove at a side of the first separating groove is larger in width than the first separating groove at a side of the transparent conductive layer separating groove.07-02-2009
20090114261Edge Mountable Electrical Connection Assembly - Methods and devices are provided for improved large-scale solar installations. In one embodiment, a photovoltaic module is provided comprising of a plurality of photovoltaic cells positioned between a transparent module layer and a backside module layer. The module includes a first electrical lead extending outward from an edge of the module from between the transparent module layer and the backside module layer, wherein the lead is couplable to an adjacent module without passing the lead through a central junction box or an opening in either the transparent module layer or the backside module layer. The module may include a second electrical lead extending outward from an edge of the module from between the transparent module layer and the backside module layer, wherein the lead is couplable to another adjacent module without passing the lead through a central junction box or an opening in either the transparent module layer or the backside module layer.05-07-2009
20100218802JUNCTION BOX, SOLAR PANEL, CONTACT DEVICE, AND METHOD - In summary, the present invention relates to a junction box for a conductor board, in particular for a solar module, comprising: a base carrier with at least one opening area, and at least one contact device, wherein the at least one contact device is arranged in the interior of the base carrier such that at least one electrical conductor is insertable into the junction box through the at least one opening area along an insertion direction and contactable with the at least one contact device, wherein the at least one contact device comprises at least one contact element with at least one resilient terminal contact spring and at least one terminal element, and wherein by application of a force parallel to a direction of force relative to the terminal element, the at least one terminal contact spring is resiliently displaceable such that the at least one electrical conductor is arrangeable at least partially between the at least one terminal element and the at least one terminal contact spring, as well as to a solar panel, a contact device and a method.09-02-2010
20100218798PIGGYBACK ADAPTER SYSTEM AND METHOD - A piggyback adapter system and method are provided. The piggyback adapter circumvents the need for running the photovoltaic system's energy supply through a service panel (circuit breaker box).09-02-2010
20090038672SOLAR ARRAY SUPPORT METHODS AND SYSTEMS - Systems and methods for disposing and supporting a solar panel array are disclosed. In one embodiment, a system for supporting a solar panel array includes the use of support columns and cables suspended between the support columns, with the solar panels received by solar panel receivers that are adapted to couple to the cables. The solar panel array may then be used to provide power as well as shelter. Cooling, lighting, security, or other devices may be added to the solar panel array. Embodiments of the invention include differing ways to support the solar panels by receivers of differing construction. Special installations of the system can include systems mounted over structure, such as parking lots, roads and aqueducts.02-12-2009
20090038670Pet collar with solar powered global positioning system device - A pet collar with a solar powered global positioning system (GPS) device in accordance with the present invention has a band, a GPS device and multiple solar panels. The band is annular and has an outer surface. The GPS device is mounted on the outer surface of the band and has a GPS module and a rechargeable battery module. The solar panels are mounted on the outer surface of the band, are electronically connected to the GPS device with wires, absorb and convert solar energy into electric power to provide power to the GPS module and charge the rechargeable battery module. Therefore, the solar powered GPS device mounted on such a pet collar is reliable and requires no battery maintenance.02-12-2009
20090038668TOPOLOGIES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONTROL OF SOLAR ENERGY SUPPLY SYSTEMS - A control system or controller solar module array may be operated by (i) programmatically determining, for a given time period, a demand for an output of the solar module array by one or more energy consuming resources at the target location; and (ii) affecting an efficiency of the solar module array based at least in part on the determined demand.02-12-2009
20080230109Solar Cell Module and Method For Its Production - A solar cell module and a method for the production thereof, are used in particular in the field of concentrating solar technology. The solar cell module has a large number of two-dimensionally disposed solar cells. These solar cells are applied on a substrate which is coated with a metal layer on the surface orientated towards the solar cells. The metal layer is thereby structured in such a manner that it is subdivided into individual two-dimensional portions which are assigned respectively to one solar cell. The metal layer in each of the portions has two regions which are electrically insulated from each other, the first region extending under the assigned solar cell and contacting the latter in an electrically conductive manner. The second region is likewise connected to the other electrical contact of the solar cell. In order to produce a parallel and series circuit of the individual solar cells, the individual portions of the metal layer are now connected to each other in a suitable manner by means of connecting portions which, for their part, are part of the metal layer.09-25-2008
20120192912SOLAR CELL MODULE WITH EXTENDED AREA ACTIVE SUBCELL - A solar cell array and a solar cell module with an extended area (Generally by increasing the width) active subcell are described. The solar cell array includes a fixing beam, at least one solar cell module and a fixing clip for fixing the at least one solar cell module on the fixing beam. The solar cell module further includes a dummy area formed on an edge of the solar cell module, a first active subcell formed next to the dummy area, and a second active subcell formed next to the first active subcell. The area of the first active subcell is larger than the area of the second active subcell to compensate for an area of the fixing clip overlapping on the first active subcell.08-02-2012
20090107538Collector grid and interconnect structures for photovoltaic arrays and modules - An interconnected arrangement of photovoltaic cells is achieved using laminating current collector electrodes. The electrodes comprises a pattern of conductive material extending over a first surface of sheetlike substrate material. The first surface comprises material having adhesive affinity for a selected conductive surface. Application of the electrode to the selected conductive surface brings the first surface of the sheetlike substrate into adhesive contact with the conductive surface and simultaneously brings the conductive surface into firm contact with the conductive material extending over first surface of the sheetlike substrate. Use of the laminating current collector electrodes allows facile and continuous production of expansive area interconnected photovoltaic arrays.04-30-2009
20090071527SOLAR ARRAYS WITH GEOMETRIC-SHAPED, THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURES AND METHODS THEREOF - A solar array system has a plurality of geometric-shaped, three-dimensional structures on a surface of a substrate. At least one surface of one of the geometric-shaped, three-dimensional structures is sloped with respect to the surface of the substrate. At least one photovoltaic conversion layer is on at least a portion of one the geometric-shaped, three-dimensional structures.03-19-2009
20100294329MEMBER FOR CONDUCTOR CONNECTION, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, CONNECTION STRUCTURE, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The member for conductor connection of the invention is a member for conductor connection having an adhesive layer 11-25-2010
20100294334QUANTUM DOT INTERMEDIATE BAND SOLAR CELL WITH OPTIMAL LIGHT COUPLING BY DIFRACTION - It consists of a quantum dot intermediate band solar cell with light coupling by diffraction. In the structure of the cell, the rear metalic contact (11-25-2010
20100294331PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRICAL ENERGY GENERATING SYSTEM - A system for the generation of electric power for use in connection with a water feature, such as a swimming pool, lake, pond and the like. The system includes an array of photovoltaic cells within a continuous membrane or joined to a separate membrane, the membrane being sized to fit atop or within the water feature when exposing the photovoltaic cells to ambient light.11-25-2010
20100294332SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - This solar cell module includes a plurality of conducting portions for electrically bonding solar cells and extraction electrodes to each other and a filler provided to cover the plurality of solar cells and the extraction electrodes. A plurality of first conducting portions arranged on the side of one end portion of a region where the plurality of solar cells are arranged and a plurality of second conducting portions arranged on the side of another end portion are asymmetrically arranged in plan view.11-25-2010
20100294330PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A photovoltaic electrochromic device and a method of manufacturing the same are provided. According to the method, a plurality of thin-film solar cells are formed on a transparent substrate, wherein each of the thin-film solar cells at least includes an anode, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a cathode, and a portion of a surface of the anode is exposed from each of the thin film solar cells. An electrochromic thin film is then deposited on at least one surface of the cathode and the exposed surface of the anode. Thereafter, an electrolyte layer is formed on surfaces of the thin-film solar cells to cover the electrochromic thin films. The anodes and the cathodes of the thin-film solar cells also serve as the anodes and the cathodes of the photovoltaic electrochromic device.11-25-2010
20100294336CENTER TAPPED RECEIVER - A variety of arrangements and methods relating to solar energy collectors and/or solar receivers are described. In one aspect of the invention, a solar receiver includes a photovoltaic cell and a conductive bar that is mounted on the photovoltaic cell. One or more protective covers are positioned over the conductive bar and the cell. Each of the protective covers includes a top and an opposing bottom surface and a side beveled surface. The top and bottom surfaces of the protective covers are substantially parallel to the face of the photovoltaic cell. The side beveled surface is positioned over the conductive bar and is arranged to reflect incoming sunlight towards a portion of the cell that is not covered by the conductive bar.11-25-2010
20100300509Solar photovoltaic modules with integral wireless telemetry - The invention provides a solar photovoltaic (“PV”) module with integral wireless measurement and telemetry, transmitting to a central gateway node. It also provides a solar array constructed using these improved modules and network. These wirelessly monitored modules and the network in which they communicate allow the important state variables of individual modules to be observed remotely, without direct physical access to the array. The monitors measure and report the module voltage, and may also be designed to measure current flow, temperature, and/or other variables of interest. The invention offers valuable savings by immediately revealing trouble, by diagnosing to the specific location of a fault, by reducing losses due to module and string downtime, by reducing labor and capital equipment devoted to ongoing operation and maintenance, and by speeding troubleshooting during initial commissioning of newly built arrays.12-02-2010
20100300505Multiple junction photovolatic devices and process for making the same - A photovoltaic device having multiple photoelectric conversion cells disposed in a tandem configuration and a chemical vapor deposition method for fabricating the same are disclosed. Each photoelectric conversion cell has a different band gap energy and includes a p-type semiconductor layer, an intrinsic semiconductor layer and an n-type semiconductor layer in sequential touching contact. Each semiconductor layer is formed of a nano-crystalline semiconductor containing silicon as a principal constituent. The semiconductor layer may be deposited by a novel chemical vapor deposition method which utilizes plasma and laser energies simultaneously to decompose a film forming gas, thereby forming a semiconductor film on a substrate. The chemical vapor deposition process may be carried out on a continuously conveying substrate, thereby permitting high throughput production of the photovoltaic device.12-02-2010
20100307555ORGANIC PHOTOSENSITIVE OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH AN EXCITON BLOCKING LAYER - An organic photosensitive optoelectronic device having a plurality of cells disposed between a first electrode and a second electrode. Each cell includes a photoconductive organic hole transport layer adjacent to a photoconductive organic electron transport layer. A metal or metal substitute is disposed between each of the cells. At least one exciton blocking layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode.12-09-2010
20100300508PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM - The present invention relates to a photovoltaic installation having at least one photovoltaic element, in particular having a plurality of photovoltaic elements which are electrically connected to one another, as well as electrical connecting lines for providing electric current.12-02-2010
20110232714POWER CONVERSION SYSTEM AND METHOD PROVIDING MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY OF POWER CONVERSION FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM, AND PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM EMPLOYING A PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY AND AN ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE - A power conversion system includes a number of photovoltaic arrays, a number of inverters, a transformer, and processor. The processor is structured to control the number of inverters and operate the power conversion system to provide maximum efficiency of power conversion by the number of photovoltaic arrays, the number of inverters and the transformer, and to maximize power output from the number of photovoltaic arrays.09-29-2011
20100300507HIGH EFFICIENCY LOW COST CRYSTALLINE-SI THIN FILM SOLAR MODULE - One embodiment of the present invention provides a double-sided heterojunction solar cell module. The solar cell includes a frontside glass cover, a backside cover situated below the frontside glass cover, and a number of solar cells situated between the frontside glass cover and the backside glass cover. Each solar cell includes a semiconductor multilayer structure situated below the frontside glass cover, including: a frontside electrode grid, a first layer of heavily doped amorphous Si (a-Si) situated below the frontside electrode, a layer of lightly doped crystalline-Si (c-Si) situated below the first layer of heavily doped a-Si, and a layer of heavily doped c-Si situated below the lightly doped c-Si layer. The solar cell also includes a second layer of heavily doped a-Si situated below the multilayer structure; and a backside electrode situated below the second layer of heavily doped a-Si.12-02-2010
20100313932METHOD FOR OBTAINING HIGH PERFORMANCE THIN FILM DEVICES DEPOSITED ON HIGHLY TEXTURED SUBSTRATES - The present invention provides an improved thin film solar cell, wherein at least one additional resistive transparent conductive oxide (TCO) layer is incorporated into the solar cell. The additional resistive TCO electrically separates the conductive TCO layers acting as electrodes of such a cell and thus decreases or prevents performance losses. Furthermore, methods for the production of such solar cells are disclosed.12-16-2010
20100313931POWER OPERATION SYSTEM, POWER OPERATION METHOD, PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATOR AND CONTROLLER - A power operation system including a plurality of photovoltaic power generators connected through one same receiving end to an electric power system is provided. Each of the photovoltaic power generators includes a solar cell receiving sunlight and outputting electric power, and a storage battery for storing the electric power. The power operation system includes a limiting unit limiting storage of electric power by a first photovoltaic power generator among the plurality of photovoltaic power generators in a first time period, and limiting storage of electric power by a second photovoltaic power generator among the plurality of photovoltaic power generators in a second time period different from the first time period.12-16-2010
20110126880Thin-Film Photovoltaic Panel and Method of Producing the Same - A punched metal tape having a conductive strip and an adhesive layer is provided to replace the conventional metal ribbon. The conductive strip surrounding a punched hole can be inversed to the opposite side of the metal tape to directly contact a back metal electrode of a photovoltaic cell.06-02-2011
20100319751SERIES INTERCONNECTED THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND METHOD FOR PREPARATION THEREOF - The invention provides series interconnected thin-film photovoltaic module and method of preparation thereof. The photovoltaic module includes photovoltaic cells that may be interconnected by a conductive member. The conductive member may electrically connect a top surface of a photovoltaic cell with the bottom surface of another photovoltaic cell, while contacting the photovoltaic cells along the bottom surfaces of the photovoltaic cells. The conductive member may connect the photovoltaic cells without coming between the cells. A photovoltaic cell may include an insulating layer and a collector electrode that may wrap around the side of the cell to cover at least a portion of the bottom of the cell.12-23-2010
20110000518LAYERED ARTICLE - There is provide a layered article with good snow sliding property and antifouling property, article having a substrate and a particle layer laminated on the substrate, wherein the particle layer is a layer formed by applying a particle dispersion liquid to the substrate, the particle dispersion liquid comprising first silicon oxide particles composed of branched rod-shaped particles, each of the branched rod-shaped particles having a diameter of 3 to 50 nm and the branched rod-shaped particles having an average particle diameter of 30 to 500 nm, second silicon oxide particles having an average particle diameter of 1 to 20 nm, third silicon oxide particles having an average particle diameter of greater than 20 mn, and a dispersion medium, wherein the content of the first silicon oxide particles is 15 to 50% by weight, the content of the second silicon oxide particles is 15 to 50% by weight, and the content of the third silicon oxide particles is 35 to 70% by weight where the total amount of the first, second and third silicon oxide particles is 100% by weight, and then removing the dispersion medium from the applied particle dispersion liquid.01-06-2011
20110108085JUNCTION BOX, USES OF A JUNCTION BOX, AND METHODS - A junction box for a conductor board, in particular for a solar module, including at least one contact device with a conductor terminal element and a contact element, at least one connection cable with at least one electrical conductor, wherein the electrical conductor contacts the conductor terminal element of the at least one contact device, at least one sealing element surrounding an end area of the connection cable, so that the end area is substantially moisture-tight, a housing device, wherein the housing device is designed to be arranged on the conductor board, the housing device surrounds the at least one sealing element in a contact area, and in the contact area.05-12-2011
20110108087Photovoltaic Modules with Integrated Devices - One photovoltaic module includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells and at least one device selected from a sensor, a data storage device and an indicator. Another photovoltaic module includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells and a flexible circuit configured to act as an antenna for electromagnetic radiation. Methods of using such photovoltaic modules are also disclosed.05-12-2011
20110108082Multi-Segment Photovoltaic Power Converter With A Center Portion - The invention provides a photovoltaic power converter that includes a plurality of spatially separated device segments supported by a substrate, wherein the device segments are arranged in a circular pattern wherein a first group of the device segments consisting of one or more of the device segments is centrally positioned and is surrounded by a second group of the device segments comprising at least two device segments and wherein two or more of the plurality of the device segments are connected in series for developing a voltage when radiation of selected wavelengths is incident on the device.05-12-2011
20110240087DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - A main object of the present invention is to provide a dye-sensitized solar cell capable of improving photoelectric conversion efficiency, which is obtained at low costs, and a dye-sensitized solar cell module using the solar cell. The present invention solves the problem by providing a dye-sensitized solar cell comprising: an oxide semiconductor electrode substrate having: a first electrode base material provided with a function as an electrode, and a porous layer formed on the first electrode base material and containing a dye-sensitizer-supported fine particle of a metal oxide semiconductor; and a counter substrate having a second electrode base material provided with a function as an electrode; and a polymer electrolyte layer formed between the oxide semiconductor electrode substrate and the counter substrate so as to contact with the porous layer, in which the oxide semiconductor electrode substrate and the counter substrate are disposed such that the porous layer and the second electrode base material are opposed to each other, wherein at least one of the first electrode base material and the second electrode base material is a base material having transparency and wherein the polymer electrolyte layer contains a transparent fine particle, a polymeric compound and a redox pair.10-06-2011
20110017259Manually Positionable Solar Tracking System - Presented herein is a method for manually tracking solar panels using only three orientations (morning, noontime, and afternoon). In this method, panels are manually reoriented at two times during the day to achieve a total of three orientations (more orientations can be used, but have been found to be unnecessary for most applications). A manual solar array tracking system encompassing this method would include a mechanical implementation such that when a user reorients a panel to one of the three positions, it snaps, or is similarly easily guided and latched into position. Such a system would also have a mechanical setting that would be changed several times a year, most likely on a monthly schedule. This setting would adjust the daily panel orientation settings to account for the changing sun position at that time of year.01-27-2011
20110017258SOLAR CELL AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - A back contact solar cell comprises a first dopant diffusion part and a second dopant diffusion part formed on a rear surface of an n-type semiconductor wafer with a predetermined distance formed therebetween by a diffusion prevention part for ensuring no contact with each other and suppressing the diffusion of dopant; and an electrode configured of an anode and a cathode each connected to the first dopant diffusion part and the second dopant diffusion part. According to the present invention, the back contact solar cell is capable of preventing light loss and improving its efficiency by forming an electrode to be positioned on a rear surface of a semiconductor wafer through a simple process and by simultaneously implementing an anode electrode and a cathode electrode on the semiconductor wafer without having a grid electrode restricting incidence of sunlight.01-27-2011
20110017256MOUNTABLE THIN FILM SOLAR ARRAY SYSTEM - A solar power generation system is disclosed. A solar power generation system may include a thin film solar cell array, a micro-inverter connected to the thin film solar cell array, an electric plug interchangeably pluggable into the micro-inverter, and a gateway communications unit connected to the micro-inverter.01-27-2011
20110000521THIN FILM SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A method for manufacturing a thin film solar cell is characterized by including a string formation step for forming a string of thin film photoelectric conversion elements which are electrically connected in series and each of which has a first electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer and a second electrode layer which are successively laminated on a surface of a translucent insulation substrate; a film removal step for removing the thin film photoelectric conversion element portion formed on the outer circumference of the surface of the translucent insulation substrate by a light beam to form a non-conductive surface region on the entire circumference; and a cleaning step for removing conductive extraneous matters generated in the film removal step and attached to the non-conductive surface region.01-06-2011
20110000520LEVELING FOOT APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - A system and apparatus are disclosed for quickly and easily assembling PV modules into a PV array in a sturdy and durable manner. In examples of the present technology, the system includes a leveling foot for engaging a PV module and supporting the PV module on a support structure. The leveling foot allow adjustment of the height of engaged PV modules relative to the support structure.01-06-2011
20110023933Interconnection Schemes for Photovoltaic Cells - In particular embodiments, a method is described for fabricating a photovoltaic cell and includes providing a substrate; depositing a bottom contact layer over the substrate; masking one or more portions of the bottom contact layer; depositing one or more photovoltaic absorber layers over the bottom contact layer; and depositing a top contact layer over the one or more photovoltaic absorber layers, wherein the one or more portions of the bottom contact layer are left exposed after depositing the one or more photovoltaic absorber layers and the top contact layer as a result of the masking thereby leaving the one or more portions of the bottom contact layer suitable for use as electrical contacts.02-03-2011
20110023931SOLAR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE WITH ANGLE-ADJUSTABLE SOLAR PANEL - A solar energy storage device with an angle-adjustable solar panel includes the solar panel, at least two fixed supporters, at least one battery, at least one transmission interface, and at least two movable supporters. The fixed supporters and the movable supporters jointly prop up the solar panel so as to allow the solar panel to efficiently absorb solar energy and convert the solar energy into electric power. The converted electric power is stored in the battery to be later supplied to an external device that consumes electric power through the transmission interface.02-03-2011
20110030757PHOTOVOLTAIC APPARATUS - A photovoltaic apparatus, through which an antenna is allowed to transmit and receive radio-frequency signals, includes a photovoltaic material and conducting electrodes. The photovoltaic material is used for converting photon energy into electrical energy, and the conducting electrodes collect and transfer the electrical energy generated by the photovoltaic material. The arrangement of the conducting electrodes forms a frequency selective surface placed in the transmitting or receiving path of the antenna. The frequency selective surface and the antenna have a spacing there between. The projection of the frequency selective surface in the transmitting or receiving path of the antenna covers the antenna.02-10-2011
20110108084In-line flexible diode assembly for use in photovoltaic modules and method of making the same - A photovoltaic module is provided. The photovoltaic module comprises a first solar cell in an electrical series connection with a second solar cell. The first and second solar cells each have an first edge portion, a center portion, and a second edge portion. The photovoltaic module also comprises a flexible diode assembly having an anode side, a first diode, and a cathode side. The flexible diode assembly is in an electrical parallel connection with the first solar cell and positioned so that the cathode side, the diode, and a portion of the anode side are within an edge portion of the first solar cell. The portion of the anode side that is outside of the edge portion of the first solar cell is disposed for electrical connection with the second solar cell.05-12-2011
20110030760PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - The photovoltaic device comprises a substrate, deposited on said substrate, 02-10-2011
20110030758PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - To manufacture a photovoltaic device through a first step of sequentially stacking a transparent electrode, a photovoltaic layer, and a rear surface electrode to thereby form a structure in which photovoltaic cells are serially connected, a second step of measuring characteristics of the photovoltaic cell; and a third step of removing, according to a result of measurement, the transparent electrode, the photovoltaic layer, and the rear surface electrode along the serial connection direction, to thereby divide the serially connected photovoltaic cells into a plurality of regions.02-10-2011
20110030759METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - With screen printing, an N electrode electrically connected to an N+ layer is formed on a passivation film, and a P electrode contact electrically connected to a P+ layer is formed. Then, with screen printing, an insulating layer is formed to cover a surface of the N electrode and expose a surface of the P electrode contact. After that, with screen printing, a P electrode electrically connected to the P electrode contact is formed on the insulating layer.02-10-2011
20110126879PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT MODULE - A photoelectric conversion element module 06-02-2011
20090065042Integrated Electrochemical and Solar Cell - The present invention provides a method and apparatus for providing an integrated electrochemical and solar cell. In one embodiment of the invention, an electrochemical cell with a self supporting ceramic cathode layer is electrically connected to a solar cell. In another embodiment of the invention, an electrochemical cell with a self supporting anode is provided. The present invention also contemplates methods of manufacturing the integrated electrochemical and solar cell wherein such methods provide weight savings and streamlined manufacturing procedures through the use of self supporting cathodes and anodes.03-12-2009
20130152992SOLAR CELL SYSTEM - A solar cell system includes a number of P-N junction cells, a number of inner electrodes, a first collecting electrode and a second collecting electrode. The number of the P-N junction cells is M. M is equal to or greater than 2. The M P-N junction cells are arranged from a first P-N junction cell to an Mth P-N junction cell along a straight line. The P-N junction cells are arranged in series along the straight line. The number of the inner electrodes is M−1. At least one inner electrode includes a carbon nanotube array. A first collecting electrode located on an outside surface of the first P-N junction cell. A second collecting electrode located on an outside surface of the Mth P-N junction cell. A photoreceptive surface is parallel to the straight line.06-20-2013
20130152996PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL ASSEMBLY - The present invention is premised upon an improved photovoltaic cell assembly that include at least plurality of photovoltaic cells with a photoactive portion with a top surface, a top collection structure on the top surface and an opposing conductive substrate layer on a side of the photoactive portion opposite the top surface. Also including a first conductive element with a first surface and wherein the first conductive element is bent at least once and wherein the first surface is in contact with the top collection structure and/or the top surface of a first photovoltaic cell and the opposing conductive substrate layer of an adjacent second photovoltaic cell; further wherein at least a portion of the first surface is held in contact to the cells by an adhesive.06-20-2013
20120067393SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Aspects of the invention provide a solar cell module with a pressure sensitive adhesive member. The solar cell module with a pressure sensitive adhesive member can include a flexible solar cell module and a pressure sensitive adhesive member that is arranged so as to cover at least a portion of the rear surface of the flexible solar cell module. The storage modulus G′ of the pressure sensitive adhesive member can be in the range of 0.02 MPa to 0.7 MPa under the use conditions of the flexible solar cell module. Another aspect of the invention can provide a support member integrated solar cell module including a solar cell module with a pressure sensitive adhesive member and a support member integrated with each other.03-22-2012
20110240088ONE-PIECE JUNCTION BOX - A junction box comprising: a back wall and at least one side wall integrally formed as a single unit, the back wall supported by the at least one side wall, wherein the back wall and side wall define an inner cavity when the junction box is placed against a surface; and one or more pass holes formed on at least one of the back wall and side wall for providing access to the inner cavity when the junction box is placed against the surface.10-06-2011
20110240085DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - A main object of the present invention is to provide a dye-sensitized solar cell capable of improving photoelectric conversion efficiency, which is obtained at low costs, and a dye-sensitized solar cell module using this. To solve the above-mentioned problem, the present invention provides a dye-sensitized solar cell, comprising: an oxide semiconductor electrode substrate having: a first electrode base material provided with a function as an electrode, and a porous layer formed on the first electrode base material and containing a dye-sensitizer-supported fine particle of a metal oxide semiconductor; and a counter substrate having: a second electrode base material provided with a function as an electrode, and a catalyst layer formed on the above-mentioned second electrode base material; an electrolyte layer including a redox pair and formed between the oxide semiconductor electrode substrate and the counter substrate which are disposed such that the porous layer and the catalyst layer are opposed to each other, wherein at least one of the first electrode base material and the second electrode base material is a base material having transparency, and the catalyst layer contains an insulating transparent fine particle and a conductive polymer compound.10-06-2011
20100132760BACKSIDE CONTACTING ON THIN LAYER PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - A method of backside contacting of thin layer photovoltaic cells having Si elements as well as thin film cells, like CIGS, is provided, including the following steps: 06-03-2010
20110079265Building Integrated Photovoltaic Conversion System Implemented In Both Vision and Spandrel Areas - A power generating system is manufactured, integrated and operated within an exterior shell or façade of a building structure. The system components—energy generating devices (which can be photovoltaic), control units and associated power/signal wiring are incorporated and operated within individual unitized curtain wall units making up the façade including both in vision and spandrel areas.04-07-2011
20090242010Method to Form a Photovoltaic Cell Comprising a Thin Lamina Bonded to a Discrete Receiver Element - A donor semiconductor wafer is processed to define a cleave plane, then affixed to a discrete receiver element, which may be glass, metal or a metal compound, plastic, or semiconductor. A semiconductor lamina is cleaved from the donor wafer at the cleave plane. A photovoltaic assembly is fabricated comprising the semiconductor lamina and the receiver element. The photovoltaic assembly comprises a photovoltaic cell. After fabrication, the photovoltaic assembly can be inspected for defects and tested for performance, and select photovoltaic assemblies can be assembled into a completed photovoltaic module.10-01-2009
20110073154SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module that includes a plurality of solar cells each of which has a photoelectric conversion body configured to generate carriers upon exposure to light; and an electrode provided on the main surface of the photoelectric conversion body, and configured to collect the carriers from the photoelectric conversion body; a wiring member configured to electrically connect the plurality of solar cells; and a wiring substrate that covers main surfaces of at least two or more solar cells out of the plurality of solar cells, the wiring substrate comprising a groove provided along at least a part of the electrodes, wherein a conductive member is provided at a bottom of the groove, and the conductive member electrically connects the electrodes to the wiring member.03-31-2011
20110073151SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a metal substrate, an insulation layer, series-connected solar cells, two output terminals, and a ground terminal. Each solar cell includes an underside electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer and a transparent electrode layer. The solar cell module further includes an electrical conductive layer for electrically connecting the metal substrate to the underside electrode of one grounding solar cell located in a range of plus 10% to minus 10% of the number of the solar cells from a solar cell located at a center of the line of the solar cells. The ground terminal is connected through the metal substrate and the conductive layer to the grounding solar cell.03-31-2011
20100154857LAMINATED THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - Flexible laminated thin film photovoltaic systems that include flexible support structures having a upper surface and a lower surface, at least one thin film photovoltaic module laminated to the upper surface of the flexible support structure, the at least one thin film photovoltaic module including lead wires and a flexible wiring conduit system attached to the lower side of the flexible support structure though which the lead wires of the at least one thin film photovoltaic module are routed. The peripheral edges of the thin film photovoltaic modules and adjacent surrounding portions of the flexible support structure are laminated with flexible strip members which prevent the peripheral edges of the thin film photovoltaic modules from peeling off the flexible support structure.06-24-2010
20110126877SOLAR CELL - A cell includes a substrate of a first conductive type, at least one emitter region of a second conductive type opposite to the first conductive type, and disposed at the substrate, a plurality of first electrodes electrically connected to the at least one emitter region, and at least one second electrode electrically connected to the substrate, wherein the substrate is a silicon substrate of a metallurgical grade.06-02-2011
20110083718SOLAR PANELS FOR RECEIVING SCATTERED LIGHT - The subject matter disclosed herein relates to solar panels to generate electrical energy. In particular, solar panels configured to efficiently receive scattered light are disclosed. Solar panels or other light-receiving devices may be utilized to measure or detect weather or sky conditions.04-14-2011
20110083719ELECTRONIC DEVICE - The present invention relates to an electronic device configured to make use of features in terms of design quality and flexibility of a dye-sensitized solar cell. A solar cell-cum-display unit 04-14-2011
20110083717Solar Cell Module and Method of Manufacturing the Same - A solar cell module includes a base body, a plurality of solar cell elements arranged at intervals over the base body, a resin layer disposed on the solar cell elements and comprising a plurality of recesses on its surface facing opposite to the solar cell elements, and a protective sheet disposed on the resin layer. The protective sheet comprises a plurality of protrusions which correspond to the recesses of the resin layer and which are in contact with the recesses. The height of first protrusion at a location corresponding to the interval between the solar cell elements among the plurality of protrusions is higher than the height of second protrusion at a location corresponding to the solar cell element among the plurality of protrusions. The interval between adjacent ones of the second protrusions in a portion corresponding to an end portion of the base body in longer than the interval between adjacent ones of the second protrusions in a portion corresponding to a central portion of the base body.04-14-2011
20110083715SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell and a solar cell module including a plurality of solar cells are discussed. The solar cell according to an embodiment includes a substrate of a first conductive type, an emitter layer of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type disposed on the substrate, a plurality of first electrodes electrically connected to the emitter layer, a second electrode electrically connected to the substrate, a first current collector electrically connected to the plurality of first electrodes, and a second current collector electrically connected to the second electrode. The second current collector includes a plurality of second electrode current collectors electrically connected to the second electrode, and a current collector connector for connecting the plurality of second electrode current collectors to one another.04-14-2011
20110083716MONOLITHIC MODULE ASSEMBLY USING BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELLS AND METAL RIBBON - Embodiments of the invention contemplate the formation of a solar cell module comprising an array of interconnected solar cells that are formed using an automated processing sequence that is used to form a novel solar cell interconnect structure. In one embodiment, the module structure described herein includes a patterned adhesive layer that is disposed on a backsheet to receive and bond a plurality of patterned conducting ribbons thereon. The bonded conducting ribbons are then used to interconnect an array of solar cell devices to form a solar cell module that can be electrically connected to external components that can receive the solar cell module's generated electricity.04-14-2011
20100032001Energy Device With Integral Collector Surface For Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting And Method Thereof - An apparatus, method, and system to harvest and store electromagnetic energy is disclosed. The present invention uses, for example, conductive surfaces within the energy storage component itself as a means of electromagnetic energy collection. The surface may be an integral portion of the energy device, such as a charge collection surface within a battery or a capacitor that mainly provides the battery or a capacitor with a necessary function. In another embodiment of the invention a metallic or conductive surface is added to and specifically built into the energy device during manufacturing for the main purpose of collecting electromagnetic energy for the energy device but is otherwise not necessary for the energy storage component. Once the energy is collected, it can be rectified either via rectification components that were built directly into the energy storage component during its manufacture or connected external to the energy storage component but within the energy device. The so-designed energy device may represent a self-sustaining, autonomous electromagnetic energy harvesting—energy storage device.02-11-2010
20100031998PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING COMBINED SOLAR PANELS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC AND THERMAL TYPE AND RELATED SOLAR PANEL - A process for manufacturing combined solar panels of the photovoltaic and thermal type in which a thermal panel is associated, through a face of the thermal panel, to a photovoltaic panel, having one or more strings of photovoltaic cells. The process provides for applying a number of glue spots between the face of the thermal panel and the cells, and between the cells and the sheet, and for introducing a transparent resin between the face of the thermal panel and the cells, and between the cells and the sheet. The disclosed process eliminates the problems deriving from the presence of a material to be cured (polymerised) between the thermal panel and the cells, and between the cells and the sheet, as provided for by the known art. The invention also relates to a solar panel manufactured through the process of the invention.02-11-2010
20100218799PROCESS FOR CONNECTING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS IN SERIES, A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL CONNECTABLE IN SERIES USING THE PROCESS, AND A MODULE OBTAINED WITH THE PROCESS - A process for series connection of two photovoltaic cells (09-02-2010
20110079264SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module and a method for manufacturing the same are discussed. The solar cell module includes a substrate including an electricity generation area and an edge area that are divided by an insulating area, and a plurality of solar cells positioned in the electricity generation area. Each of the solar cells includes a transparent electrode on the substrate, a silicon electricity generation layer on the transparent electrode, and a back electrode on the silicon electricity generation layer. The back electrode of one solar cell is electrically connected to the transparent electrode of another solar cell adjacent to the one solar cell. A side of a transparent electrode of an outermost solar cell adjacent to the insulating area is covered by a side portion of a silicon electricity generation layer of the outermost solar cell exposed in the insulating area.04-07-2011
20110079263Systems and Methods to Provide Enhanced Diode Bypass Paths - Systems and methods are herein disclosed for efficiently allowing current to bypass a group of solar cells having one or more malfunctioning or shaded solar cells without overwhelming a bypass diode. This can be done using a switch (e.g., a MOSFET) connected in parallel with the bypass diode. By turning the switch on and off, a majority of the bypass current can be routed through the switch, which is configured to handle larger currents than the bypass diode is designed for, leaving only a minority of the current to pass through the bypass diode.04-07-2011
20110240092THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE OF SEE-THROUGH TYPE - A thin film solar cell module of see-through type having cells connected in series and disposed on an opaque substrate with holes is provided. The thin film solar cell module includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a photoelectric conversion layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The first electrode is disposed on the opaque substrate and is composed of a first comb electrode and block-like first electrodes. The second electrode is disposed above the first electrode and is composed of a second comb electrode and block-like second electrodes. A portion of the block-like first electrodes, a portion of the opaque substrate, and the holes are exposed between the second comb electrode and the block-like second electrodes. The second comb electrode and the first comb electrode are disposed symmetrically, and the block-like first electrodes and the block-like second electrodes are disposed by parallel displacement.10-06-2011
20110240090PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE INCLUDING A TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE ELECTRODE HAVING A VARIABLE THICKNESS, AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - A photovoltaic module includes at least two photovoltaic cells in series, each rectangular cell including, respectively, a first rear thin film electrode, a photovoltaic stack having at least two active materials included between the rear electrode and a transparent conductive electrode made of a thin film, the electrode TC being capable of collecting and transmitting an electric current generated by the photovoltaic stack, the two photovoltaic cells being electrically connected in series by an electrical contact strip that is included between the electrode TC of the first cell and the rear electrode of the second cell. The local thickness of the electrode TC of the cell varies as a function of the distance to the electrical contact strip. Also described are methods for depositing and etching the transparent conductive film so as to simultaneously manufacture a plurality of cells for a single module.10-06-2011
20110240089PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH BACK BOX AND ASSEMBLY METHOD THEREFOR - A method for assembling a photovoltaic module with an integrated back box including: applying links to a back side of a photovoltaic module subassembly; forming a connection between the links and an internal bus element of the photovoltaic sub-assembly; connecting external lead wires to the links; applying a housing over the links and a portion of the lead wires; and applying potting material to fill any cavities between the back of photovoltaic module, the lead wires and the housing. A photovoltaic module with integrated back box manufactured according to this method.10-06-2011
20110240086PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE MODULE - The present invention is to provide a photoelectric conversion device including: a first substrate; a collector layer configured to be provided over the first substrate; a second substrate configured to be opposed to a planar surface of the first substrate and be formed of a metal having a concave notch part at one side; and a connection terminal configured to be connected to the collector layer. The connection terminal is disposed opposed to the concave notch part.10-06-2011
20110240084SOLAR BATTERY DEVICE WITH CONNECTED PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - An exemplary solar battery device includes plural photovoltaic cells detachably connected together. Each photovoltaic cell includes a base and a chip unit supported by the base. The chip unit includes a first electrode at a bottom thereof and a second electrode at a top thereof. The base includes first electrical terminals and second electrical terminals, which are respectively connected with the first and second electrodes of the chip unit. The photovoltaic cells are electrically connected with each other in a selected one of the following arrangements: connection in series, connection in parallel, and connection in both series and parallel, via corresponding ones of the first and second electrical terminals.10-06-2011
20100200043SOLAR PANEL HAVING TWO MONOLITHICAL MULTICELL PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES OF DIFFERENT FABRICATION TECHNOLOGY - A solar panel may include a first multi-cell thin-film photovoltaic module of a first fabrication type including a transparent support forming a front surface of the panel, a first pair of connection terminals on the transparent support, and first cells of a certain area, being on the transparent support, and being connected in series to the first pair of connection terminals. The solar panel may include a second multi-cell thin-film photovoltaic module of a second fabrication type comprising a support forming a rear surface of the panel, a second pair of connection terminals on the support, and second cells of a certain area, being on the support, and being connected in series to the second pair of connection terminals. The solar panel may further include a pair of panel terminals for connecting the solar panel to an external circuit, the first and second pairs of connection terminals being connected either in series or in parallel, and then connected to the external circuit through the panel terminals, or both connected to a maximum power point tracker and then connected to the external circuit through the panel terminals.08-12-2010
20110061708MULTICOLOR PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTROCHROMIC APPARATUS - A multicolor photovoltaic electrochromic apparatus is provided, including a first transparent substrate, a second transparent substrate opposite to the first transparent substrate, a photovoltaic electrochromic device on the first transparent substrate, and a chromogenic device between the first and the second transparent substrates. The photovoltaic electrochromic device includes thin-film solar cells and an electrochromic material on the thin-film solar cells. The thin-film solar cells have different potential differences, and each of the thin-film solar cells includes an anode, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a cathode. The chromogenic device includes two electrodes and a chromogenic material thereon. The cathodes of the thin-film solar cells, which have distinct potential differences, are connected to the first electrode and the second electrode of the chromogenic device respectively.03-17-2011
20110209741SOLAR ENERGY WIRE HARNESS WITH IN-LINE FUSES - A wire harness connects multiple solar panel junction boxes to a recombiner box. The wire harness includes in-line fuse assemblies, with optional blocking diodes, so each string of solar panels is associated with one fuse. In the event of a blown fuse, only one upstream solar panel string is affected. Entire wire harnesses and/or individual in-line fuse assemblies can be easily swapped out, thereby decreasing the time and expense of troubleshooting and repairing.09-01-2011
20090250092SOLAR CELL PANEL - A solar cell panel includes a light-pervious substrate, a photo-catalyst film, a light source and at least one solar cell. The substrate has a bottom surface and an opposite top surface. The photo-catalyst film is formed on the bottom surface. The light source is configured for emitting light having a given wavelength to activate the photo-catalyst film to decompose contaminants thereon. The at least one solar cell is positioned on the top surface of the substrate to absorb and convert light into electric energy.10-08-2009
20090320896Moisture resistant solar panel and method of making same - The present invention relates to a solar panel assembly which is particularly impervious to moisture due, primarily, to the nature of the materials forming the coverplate and the base member of the solar panel assembly, namely a transparent glass, and a flexible metal, respectively. The flexibility of the base member also facilitates the deposition of a photovoltically functional coating thereon.12-31-2009
20090320895SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a thin film solar cell module, a photovoltaic layer and a sealing layer 12-31-2009
20090217965APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ENHANCED SOLAR POWER GENERATION AND MAXIMUM POWER POINT TRACKING - Disclosed is an apparatus and methodology for generating operating power for various desired applications using solar energy. A solar array is formed using a small number of solar cells connected in series to form a string of solar cells and then connecting multiple strings in parallel. Unlike conventional solar arrays, no bypass diodes are incorporated into the array. A power converter is coupled to the array to boost output voltage to a level sufficient to operate the desired application. The power converter may be operated independently or based on output levels of the array, the material from which the solar cells of the array are constructed and the operating temperature of the array or combinations thereof.09-03-2009
20110174352PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE - A photoelectric conversion module including a first substrate; a second substrate spaced apart from the first substrate in a first direction; a plurality of photoelectric cells between the first and second substrates, each including an electrolyte; and a sealing member between the first and second substrates, the sealing member surrounding the plurality of photoelectric cells and extending between adjacent photoelectric cells of the plurality of photoelectric cells, wherein the sealing member has at least one electrolyte injecting portion for receiving the electrolyte into the photoelectric cells.07-21-2011
20100059102SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module 03-11-2010
20100059098MONOLITHIC PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module comprised of a plurality of series connected photovoltaic cells disposed upon a substrate is fabricated utilizing thin film device techniques. A body of photovoltaic stock material comprised of an electrically conductive substrate having at least a bottom electrode layer, a body of photovoltaic material, and a top electrode layer supported thereupon is patterned so as to define a number of individual, electrically isolated photovoltaic cells and a number of electrically isolated connection zones. The connection zones are patterned to each include a portion of the bottom electrode material and are configured so that the bottom electrode material in each segment of the connection zone is exposed, and is in electrical communication with the bottom electrode portion of a particular cell. A current collecting grid structure is disposed on the top electrode of each cell and is placed in electrical communication with the bottom electrode of an adjoining cell via the electrode layer in an appropriate connection zone. In this manner, a series interconnection between the cells is established. Electrical terminals may be affixed to the module, and the finished module may be encapsulated in a body of protective materials. The substrate used in the manufacture of the module may comprise a thin, flexible layer of polymeric material and the disclosed techniques may be utilized to fabricate ultra lightweight photovoltaic modules. Also disclosed are specific module structures.03-11-2010
20110247673SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module 10-13-2011
20100059100THIN-FILM TYPE SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Disclosed are a method for manufacturing a thin-film type solar cell and a thin-film type solar cell obtained thereby that uses a direct printing method and reduces the frequency of a cutting process.03-11-2010
20100059101PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A photovoltaic device is provided comprising an a-Si unit in which a plurality of a-Si cells are connected in series over a transparent insulating substrate, and a μc-Si unit in which a plurality of μc-Si cells having an optical band gap which differs from that of the a-Si cell are connected in series over a substrate, wherein a light-transmissive inorganic insulating layer is formed over at least one of the a-Si unit and the μc-Si unit, and the a-Si unit and the μc-Si unit are fixed by a light-transmissive resin layer while the a-Si unit and the μc-Si unit are opposed to each other in opposite integration directions with the transparent insulating substrate and the substrate being at outer sides.03-11-2010
20100059097BIFACIAL MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELL - A device and a method for its fabrication. The device may include a first at least partially transparent surface, a second at least partially transparent surface, a first photovoltaic cell between the first surface and the second surface and comprising a first photovoltaic material including a first p-n junction, a second photovoltaic cell between the first surface and the second surface and comprising a second photovoltaic material including a second p-n junction, and a third photovoltaic cell between the first surface and the second surface and comprising a third photovoltaic material including a third p-n junction a third p-n junction. A first bandgap associated with the first photovoltaic material is greater than a second bandgap associated with the second photovoltaic material, and a third bandgap associated with the third photovoltaic material is greater than the second bandgap associated with the second photovoltaic material.03-11-2010
20110094557METHOD OF FORMING SEMICONDUCTOR FILM AND PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE FILM - A method of depositing a kesterite film which includes a compound of the formula: Cu04-28-2011
20100065099Monolithically connected photovoltaic devices on flexible substrates - A method of monolithically interconnecting electrical devices that isolates and interconnects the contacts of neighboring electrical devices such as thin film PV cells, without damaging the surrounding materials.03-18-2010
20120240973Photovoltaic Backsheet - Backsheets and coating compositions for forming such are described which are useful in photovoltaic modules. Various coating compositions are described which provide improved properties for the backsheet.09-27-2012
20120240971PROCESS FOR FORMING FLEXIBLE SUBSTRATES HAVING PATTERNED CONTACT AREAS - Embodiments of the invention generally include a method of forming a low cost flexible substrate having one or more conductive elements that are used to form a low resistance current carrying path used to interconnect a plurality of solar cell devices disposed in a photovoltaic module. A surface of the one or more conductive elements will generally comprise a plurality of patterned electrical contact regions that are used to form part of the electrical circuit that interconnects the plurality of solar cell devices. The plurality of electrical contact points form an electrical circuit that has a lower series resistance versus conventional designs. Embodiments may also include a method and apparatus that form the electrical contact regions on an inexpensive conductive material before electrically connecting the anode or cathode regions of a formed solar cell to the conductive material.09-27-2012
20120240972SOLAR CELL MODULE BONDING STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF INSTALLING THE SAME - In a solar cell module bonding structure, a solar cell module (09-27-2012
20110146750INTEGRATED THIN-FILM SOLAR BATTERY - An integrated thin-film solar battery, comprising: 06-23-2011
20110100416PAIR OF SEALING FILMS AND SOLAR BATTERY OBTAINED BY USE OF THE SEALING FILMS - A pair of sealing films is produced for sealing a seal target member configured to be interposed between the sealing films. The pair of sealing films are characterized by including ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, the first sealing film including magnesium hydroxide in an amount of 0.2 parts by weight or less based on 100 parts by weight of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, and the second sealing film including magnesium hydroxide in an amount of 0.01 parts by weight or more based on 100 parts by weight of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer. Moreover, a solar battery including the pair of sealing films is characterized by the structure including a light-receipt side transparent protection member; a first sealing film including ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer and covering the light-receipt side transparent protection member; a back side protection member; a second sealing film including ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer and covering the back side protection member; and solar cells provided between the first and the second sealing films. The first sealing film includes magnesium hydroxide in an amount of 0.2 parts by weight or less, based on 100 parts by weight of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer, and the second sealing film includes magnesium hydroxide in an amount of 0.01 parts by weight or more, based on 100 parts by weight of the ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer.05-05-2011
20110100415Adhesive sheet for protecting back face of solar battery module and solar battery module using the same - An adhesive sheet for protecting the back face of a solar battery module includes a synthetic resin substrate layer, and an adhesive compound layer laminated on the back face side of the substrate layer, and the adhesive compound layer having an average thickness of 0.01 mm or greater and 1 mm or less.05-05-2011
20110073156Operating A Building Integrated Photovoltaic Conversion System Implemented With Integrated Control Management Units - A power generating system is manufactured and operated within an exterior shell or façade of a building structure. The system components—energy generating devices (which can be photovoltaic), control units and associated power/signal wiring are incorporated and operated within individual unitized curtain wall units making up the façade03-31-2011
20110174354PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - An electrode for electrically connecting two photovoltaic cells is provided. Each photovoltaic cell may include a plurality of lamellar electrically conductive surface regions. The electrode may include a plurality of electrically conductive wires extending adjacent to one other; and a stabilizing structure coupled to the plurality of electrically conductive wires such that the space between the electrically conductive wires to one another is defined until the plurality of electrically conductive wires has been fixed on the plurality of lamellar electrically conductive surface regions of a photovoltaic cell.07-21-2011
20110100414THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - A thin film solar cell module is disclosed. The thin film solar cell module includes a substrate and a plurality of cells each including a first electrode positioned on the substrate, a second electrode positioned on the first electrode, and a photoelectric transformation layer positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode. The plurality of cells are divided into a first group and a second group. A plurality of cells included in the first group are electrically connected in series to one another, and a plurality of cells included in the second group are electrically connected in series to one another. The first group and the second group are connected in parallel to each other using a lead wire. The lead wire is positioned on both the first group and the second group.05-05-2011
20110100417SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module is discussed. The solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells each including a plurality of first current collectors and a plurality of second current collectors, a first protective layer positioned on incident surfaces of the solar cells, a transparent member positioned on the first protective layer, and a conductive pattern part positioned on non-incident surfaces of the plurality of solar cells. The conductive pattern part includes a first pattern having a plurality of first protrusions connected to first current collectors of one solar cell and a second pattern having a plurality of second protrusions connected to second current collectors of the one solar cell. The plurality of first current collectors and the plurality of second current collectors are positioned on a surface of each solar cell on which light is not incident.05-05-2011
20110100413REGENERATION METHOD FOR RESTORING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL EFFICIENCY - An apparatus, system, and method are disclosed for restoring efficiency of a photovoltaic cell. An illumination module illuminates photovoltaic cells so the cells receive a time integrated irradiance equivalent to at least 5 hours of solar illumination. After illumination, an annealing module anneals the photovoltaic cells at a temperature above 90 degrees Celsius for a minimum of 10 minutes. In one embodiment, the illumination module illuminates the photovoltaic cells for a time integrated irradiance equivalent to at least 20 hours of solar illumination. In another embodiment, the illumination module illuminates the photovoltaic cells for a time integrated irradiance equivalent to at least 16 hours of solar illumination while being heated to at least 50 degrees Celsius. In another embodiment, a solar concentrator irradiates the photovoltaic cells in sunlight for at least 10 hours and increases the irradiance of solar illumination on the cells by a factor of 2 to 5.05-05-2011
20110100412METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - A photovoltaic module and a method of manufacturing such a module in which metal is deposited in a pattern on the front side of a semiconductor wafer which acts as an electrode. Photovoltaic cells manufactured using a semiconductor wafer typically have a P type semiconductor region and an N type semiconductor region. The metal on the front side of each of the photovoltaic cells forms an electrical connection to the doped layer of the semiconductor wafer on its front side.05-05-2011
20110073155MODULE FOR CONVERTING SOLAR RADIATION INTO ELECTRICITY - Embodiments of the invention relate to a module for converting solar radiation into electricity comprising a panel having a front and a back main side, with a solar energy converting means arranged on or in the front main side and a means for fixing the module to an object. In various embodiments, in order to allow a mounting that prevents accumulation of dirt in the edge region of the panel the means for fixing the module is furthermore arranged over the back main side of the panel and away from the edges of the panel. Embodiments of the invention furthermore relate to a fixing device configured to receive such a module and to a combination of a module and a fixing device.03-31-2011
20110073157TERMINAL BOX AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A terminal box has a box body that has a shape of a box having an opening on one surface, has a body-side hinge structure on an end thereof, and accommodates therein an output-cable connecting unit, and a cover that has a cover-side hinge structure forming a hinge structure with the body-side hinge structure, that is pivotally supported by the hinge structure an end thereof so as to pivotally open or close the opening of the box body. The hinge structure has an attitude holding structure that holds an attitude of the cover at a position where the cover is at a predetermined angle with respect to the box body.03-31-2011
20110073152MIXED WIRING SCHEMES FOR SHADING ROBUSTNESS - A method and apparatus for electrical interconnections utilized in devices adapted to capture solar energy, such as solar cells, solar panels and/or solar arrays is described. In one embodiment, a solar panel is described. The solar panel includes a first plurality of solar devices positioned in a center of the solar panel in electrical communication with a first circuit, and a second plurality of solar devices surrounding the first plurality of solar devices, the second plurality of solar devices in electrical communication with a second circuit, the second circuit being different than the first circuit.03-31-2011
20110073153PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - In a structure in which a plurality of structures, having a transparent electrode, a photovoltaic unit, and a backside electrode sequentially layered over a transparent substrate, are connected in series, a insulating groove is formed in a panel periphery in a direction intersecting the direction of series connection in which the transparent electrode, the photovoltaic unit, and the backside electrode are removed, and a separating groove is formed in a region near the separating groove and parallel to the separating groove in which the transparent electrode is left and at least the backside electrode is removed.03-31-2011
20110073150DIODELESS TERRESTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR POWER ARRAY - A method and device are disclosed for diodeless terrestrial photovoltaic solar power arrays. In one or more embodiments, the method and device involve a solar power array device without blocking diodes and/or without bypass diodes. The method comprises providing a solar module, a solar array tracker, a power bus, a controller, and an inverter. In one or more embodiments, the method further comprises providing a circuit breaker and/or a bi-position switch. When the controller senses that the solar module power is below a threshold level, the controller commands the solar tracker to vary the solar module's pointing until the solar module is operating at its maximum power point for the solar module's level of illumination. In some embodiments, when the controller senses that the solar module power is less than a minimum bypass threshold level, the controller commands a bi-position switch to bypass current around the solar module.03-31-2011
20110061715THIN FILM PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Provided is a thin film photoelectric conversion device with maximized output characteristic, by improving an uneven current value of a photoelectric conversion cell caused by an uneven film thickness and an uneven film quality of a photoelectric conversion semiconductor layer, which may be generated in scaling up an integrated-type thin film photoelectric conversion device. The thin film photoelectric conversion device includes: a substrate, a transparent electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion unit, and a back electrode layer. An increasing rate ΔZt of the film thickness Zt of the transparent electrode layer along X and an increasing rate ΔZs of the film thickness Zs of the photoelectric conversion unit along X have different signs, whereas one line segment in a parallel direction to a main surface of the substrate is taken as X″.03-17-2011
20110061706THIN FILM TYPE SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND THIN FILM TYPE SOLAR CELL MODULE AND POWER GENERATION SYSTEM USING THE SAME - A thin film type solar cell with a plurality of unit cells connected in series is disclosed, wherein uniform energy conversion efficiency is maintained in all of the unit cells by improving the energy conversion efficiency in the unit cell with the relatively-low energy conversion efficiency, to thereby realize the improved energy conversion efficiency, the thin film type solar cell comprising the plurality of unit cells, each unit cell including a front electrode, a semiconductor layer, and a rear electrode sequentially deposited on a substrate, wherein the thin film type solar cell includes a first unit cell set including at least one first unit cell with a first cell width, and a second unit cell set including at least one second unit cell with a second cell width which is different from the first cell width, wherein the first unit cell set occupies 80 to 95% of an entire area of the unit cells, and the second unit cell set occupies 5 to 20% of the entire area of the unit cells.03-17-2011
20110061709Structural element for a solar panel, and structure comprising such an element - The invention relates to a structural element for a solar panel, comprising at least one layer of dielectric material, characterized in that it comprises conductive means, which are in contact with said layer of dielectric material, and an electrical connection means for connecting the conductive means to the earth of said structure.03-17-2011
20110247675Pre-fabricated non penetrating photovoltaic-support mechanism - A solar energy collection system comprised of non-penetrating structural components wherein the solar collectors including the structure are restrained from movement by wind energy redirection, and an interlocking cable restraint system.10-13-2011
20110067743Intelligent Solar Panel Array - An intelligent solar panel array is disclosed. The array comprises a master panel and a plurality of client panels connected by a predetermined scheme. All panels further comprise a plurality of solar energy collection modules, a supporting, pivoting and tilting mechanism, a controller and a short range communication unit. The communication units of panels form an ad hoc communication network. The master panel further comprises another communication unit for communicating with a server through an existing communication network such as the Internet. At a moment of operation, the optimized position of the master panel towards the sun is determined by measuring current-voltage curve at multiple positions. The optimized position is transmitted to all client panels through the ad hoc communication network. All panels therefore generate electrical power based upon the optimized positions towards the sun.03-24-2011
20110067746INTERCONNECTOR - Provided is an interconnector capable of reducing stress that is generated between a first electronic device element and a first connection portion and between a second electronic device element and a second connection portion without needing a larger space for attachment. An interconnector (03-24-2011
20110067744DC Power System Using HCPV and BIPV Modules - A direct current (DC) power system uses High Concentration Photovoltaic (HCPV) modules and Building-Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) module. Power outputs of the HCPV/BIPV modules are mixed to improve utilization of generated power. Thus, solar power is used through best power control and energy conservation.03-24-2011
20110061705ROTATABLE JUNCTION BOX FOR A SOLAR MODULE - Provided are novel junction boxes for solar modules. The junction boxes or J-boxes can be rotated or otherwise moved to change the module's electrical connection state. According to various embodiments, the J-boxes are movable between two or more orientations each associated with an electrical connection configuration. In particular embodiments, the configurations include two or more of an on position, an off position, an on series configuration, an on series-parallel configuration, and a bypass configuration. A J-box according to certain embodiments includes a replaceable insert. The insert may include one or more bypass diodes, an inverter or a DC/DC converter.03-17-2011
20110061707DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS AND MOBILE DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME - A dye-sensitized solar cell and a mobile device including the same are disclosed. The dye-sensitized solar cell includes a first transparent substrate, which allows sunlight incident to pass through, a second substrate, which is formed apart from the first substrate, and a plurality of cells, which includes a first electrode, a second electrode, a light absorption layer and an electrolyte. Here, the first electrode and the second electrode are interposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, the first electrode is disposed on a rear surface of the first substrate, the second electrode is disposed on a front surface of the second substrate, the light absorption layer is interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode and includes metal oxide and a dye absorbed in the metal oxide, and the electrolyte is interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode.03-17-2011
20110061710Solar Cell and Method of Manufacturing the Same - Provided are a solar cell and a method of manufacturing the same. The method of manufacturing the solar cell includes stacking a solar cell device layer containing GaN on a sacrificial substrate, etching the solar cell device layer to expose the sacrificial substrate, thereby forming one or more solar cell devices comprising the solar cell device layer, anisotropically etching the exposed sacrificial substrate, contacting the solar cell devices to a stamping processor to remove the solar cell devices from the sacrificial substrate, and transferring the solar cell devices onto a receiving substrate. A high temperature semiconductor process may be performed on a substrate such as a silicon substrate to transfer the solar cell devices onto the substrate, thereby manufacturing flexible solar cells. Also, a large number of solar cells may be excellently aligned on a large area. In addition, economical solar cells may be manufactured.03-17-2011
20110061711BUILDING-INTEGRATED SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL - A device to generate electricity from solar rays is provided. A photovoltaic solar cell unit comprises a first cover and a second cover. The second cover is generally parallel to the first cover and the second cover is spaced from the first cover. The first and the second cover have a longitudinal axis. The photovoltaic solar cell unit also includes a solar cell disposed between the first cover and the second cover with the solar cell being disposed at a predetermined angle relative to the longitudinal axis.03-17-2011
20110061712CORD PLATE - A photovoltaic module cord plate is disclosed. The cord plate has a base and channel.03-17-2011
20100132759CELL ISOLATION ON PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES FOR HOT SPOT REDUCTION - Embodiments of the present invention provide methods for fabricating a solar cell on a substrate that have proportionally reduced current to minimize or reduce the likelihood of shading of a portion of the solar cell causing damage to the formed device. In one embodiment, a method for fabricating a series of solar cell arrays on a substrate includes providing a substrate having a TCO layer formed thereon, forming a first plurality of vertical scribing lines and a first plurality of horizontal scribing lines in the TCO layer, forming a film stack and a back metal layer on the scribed TCO layer, and forming a second plurality of the horizontal scribing lines in the film stack and the back metal layer, wherein the second plurality of horizontal scribing lines comprise pairs of scribing lines formed adjacent to each respective one of the first plurality of the horizontal scribing lines formed in the TCO layer.06-03-2010
20110048490LATTICE-MATCHED CHALCOGENIDE MULTI-JUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A multi junction photovoltaic device is disclosed. In certain examples, the device includes an upper photovoltaic cell comprising a first plurality of layers of films, including a first active layer of a chalcogenide having a first lattice constant and first energy band gap, and a lower photovoltaic cell disposed below the upper photovoltaic cell and adapted to receive photon radiation passing through the upper photovoltaic cell, and comprising a second plurality of layers of films, including an active second layer of a IB-IIIA-chalcogenide having a second lattice constant and a second energy band gap. The first lattice constant differs from the second lattice constant by no more than about 10%. The first energy band gap can be greater than the second energy band gap by at least about 0.5 eV, or 0.6 eV, or 0.7 eV.03-03-2011
20110048494SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module 03-03-2011
20120266934Junction Box for Solar Cell Component and Solar Cell Component - A fission structure type junction box for a solar cell module (10-25-2012
20110146747Solderless back contact solar cell module assembly process - In order to better and more efficiently assemble back contact solar cells into modules, the cell to cell soldering and other soldered connections are replaced by electro and/or electroless plating. Back contact solar cells, diodes and external leads can be first laminated to the module front glass for support and stability. Conductive materials are deposited selectively to create a plating seed pattern for the entire module circuit. Subsequent plating steps create an integrated cell and module metallization. This avoids stringing and tabbing and the associated soldering steps. This process is easier for mass manufacturing and is advantageous for handling fragile silicon solar cells. Additionally, since highly corrosion resistant metals can be plated, the moisture barrier requirements of the back side materials can be greatly relaxed. This can simplify and reduce the cost of the back side of the module.06-23-2011
20110146746SOLAR ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MONITORING THE SAME - A solar electric power generation system includes a photovoltaic array, a voltage sensing transmission unit, a wireless signal receiving device and a diagnosis unit. The photovoltaic array includes photovoltaic modules, each of which transforms solar power into an output voltage. The voltage sensing transmission unit senses the output voltage from each photovoltaic module and transforms the sensed output voltage into a wireless signal. The wireless signal receiving device receives and transforms the wireless signal into transmission data. The diagnosis unit analyzes the transmission data to generate analysis data. A method of monitoring a solar electric power generation system is also disclosed herein.06-23-2011
20100263707BASE STRUCTURE FOR III-V SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES ON GROUP IV SUBSTRATES AND METHOD OF FABRICATION THEREOF - The structure presented herein provides a base structure for semiconductor devices, in particular for III-V semiconductor devices or for a combination of III-V and Group IV semiconductor devices. The fabrication method for a base substrate comprises a buffer layer, a nucleation layer, a Group IV substrate and possibly a dopant layer. There are, in a general aspect, two growth steps: firstly the growth of a lattice-matched III-V material on a Group IV substrate, followed by secondly the growth of a lattice-mismatched III-V layer. The first layer, called the nucleation layer, is lattice-matched or closely lattice-matched to the Group IV substrate while the following layer, the buffer layer, deposited on top of the nucleation layer, is lattice-mismatched to the nucleation layer. The nucleation layer can further be used as a dopant source to the Group IV substrate, creating a p-n junction in the substrate through diffusion. Alternatively a separate dopant layer may be introduced.10-21-2010
20090014051System and Method Utilizing Re-Deployable Insulated Self-Ballasted Photovoltaic Assemblies - A system and method of utilizing redeployable insulted self-ballasted photovoltaic modules comprises an insulative panel removeably attached to a substrate such as a roof, wall or other structure. A photovoltaic module is attached to the insulative panel. The insulative panel has tongue and groove attachment ends to fit a plurality of panels together. In one embodiment, an elastomeric coating is applied to the surface of the insulative panel to attach the photovoltaic module and to weatherproof the surface. In another embodiment, adhesives are used to attach the modules. A structural panel may be used to enhance performance. In one embodiment, a corrugated channel panel is used to circulate a fluid like water through the channels to cool the photovoltaic panels and or heat water. Various raceways and associated wiring is installed to complete the system. An elastomeric coating may be used to enhance the weatherability of the system.01-15-2009
20100252088System and Method for Creating a Networked Vehicle Infrastructure Distribution Platform of Solar Energy Gathering Devices - A vehicle for gathering solar energy into a roadway system electricity grid. In one embodiment of the invention, the vehicle comprises an energy storage system; and at least one solar energy generating device coupled to the vehicle. The at least one solar energy generating device is configured to generate electricity from sunlight. The at least one solar energy generating device is configured to electrically connect to a roadway system electricity grid. In another embodiment of the present invention is a method for a vehicle gathering solar energy and providing the same to the roadway system electricity grid. The method comprises the step of harnessing solar energy from a vehicle-based solar energy gathering device; converting solar energy into electrical energy; storing the electrical energy; and discharging the stored electrical energy to a roadway system electricity grid.10-07-2010
20100243030SUBSTRATE AND POSITIONING METHOD THEREOF, PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD AND APPARATUS THEREFOR, AND SOLAR CELL - A substrate of the invention has a positioning marker formed with a light absorbing agent that selectively absorbs light of a specific wavelength region or with a light reflecting agent that selectively reflects light of a specific wavelength region. Preferably, the light of a specific wavelength range is near infrared light, infrared light, near ultraviolet light, or ultraviolet light. Preferably, the positioning marker is formed on a rear surface of the substrate.09-30-2010
20110247672Solar Cell Chips With New Geometry and Method For Manufacturing The Same - A method for manufacturing solar cell chips having an active surface area configured to directly convert solar energy into electrical energy. The method including cutting the solar cell chips out of a wafer using a laser such that the solar cell chips include a non-rectangular geometry. The non-rectangular geometry facilitate continuous cutting by the laser and maximizing a number of solar cell chips cut from the wafer.10-13-2011
20110253192Solar Photovoltaic Assembly - The present invention relates to a solar photovoltaic assembly. The solar photovoltaic assembly, according to the invention, includes a solar panel, an input junction box, and an output junction box. The input junction box includes a first diode, a first electric connection body connected to the first diode, and first foils respectively spliced with the first electric connection body. The input junction box is positioned on a side of the second solar panel. The output junction box includes a second diode, a second electric connection body connected to the second diode, and second foils respectively spliced with the second electric connection body. The output second junction box positioned on another side of the solar panel. The input junction box mechanically and electrically connects to a second output junction box on a connecting solar panel using a cable.10-20-2011
20110253189THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL - A thin-film solar cell includes an insulating substrate and multiple unit solar cells. Each unit solar cell includes a photoelectric conversion portion having a first electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a second transparent electrode layer, formed on a front surface of the insulating substrate, and a rear electrode layer formed on a rear surface of the insulating substrate. A portion of the first electrode layer of a first unit solar cell, taken from a plan view, overlaps an extending portion of the rear electrode layer of an adjacent second unit solar cell. The first electrode layer of the first unit solar cell is electrically connected to the rear electrode layer of the adjacent second unit solar cells via at least one connection hole passing through the insulating substrate and being connected to the extending portion.10-20-2011
20100263706SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module 10-21-2010
20100263703METHOD FOR GENERATING ELECTRICITY FROM SOLAR PANELS - A method for generating electricity from solar power to an air handling unit or an electrical system for a tractor/trailer, relying on a photovoltaic panels (10-21-2010
20100263708METHOD FOR POWERING A LIFTGATE WITH SOLAR ENERGY - A method for generating electricity from solar power to a liftgate, relying on a photovoltaic panels (10-21-2010
20110174353INSTALLATION SYSTEM FOR PV MODULES - A mounting system for photovoltaic modules includes at least two profile-shaped cross rails arranged parallel to each other and configured to hold several PV modules. Each cross rail includes plane supporting surfaces. The PV module is mounted by placing it onto the at least two cross rails so that the at least two holders lay flat on the plane supporting surfaces of the at least two cross rails. The PV module is then moved in a joining direction perpendicular to the cross rails while lying on the plane supporting surfaces so that either a recess engages with an integrated protrusion or a protrusion engages with an integrated recess. A retaining safety device is disposed between at least one cross rail and its corresponding holder and is configured to counteract a move against the joining direction.07-21-2011
20100258159THIN FILM TYPE SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin film type solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same is disclosed, the thin film type solar cell comprising a substrate; front electrodes arranged at fixed intervals on the substrate by separating parts for dividing the solar cell into a plurality of unit cells, wherein each separating part is interposed between the front electrodes; semiconductor layer patterns arranged at fixed intervals on the front electrodes by the interposed separating parts; rear electrodes arranged at fixed intervals on the semiconductor layer patterns by the interposed separating parts; and auxiliary electrodes to electrically connect the front electrodes with the rear electrodes, in which the front electrode is electrically connected with the rear electrode through the use of auxiliary electrode, so that it is possible to minimize the laser-scribing procedure for dividing the solar cell into the plurality of unit cells, thereby preventing the particles from being generated.10-14-2010
20100065100Photovoltaic Cell Circuit - A photovoltaic cell circuit (03-18-2010
20100000590PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE - A photovoltaic electrochromic device includes a semi-transparent thin-film solar cell substrate, an electrochromic solution, and a transparent non-conductive substrate, wherein the electrochromic solution is located between the transparent non-conductive substrate and the semi-transparent thin-film solar cell substrate. The semi-transparent thin-film solar cell substrate includes a transparent substrate and a plurality of thin-film solar cells, wherein the anodes and the cathodes of the thin-film solar cells are also used as the anodes and the cathodes of the photovoltaic electrochromic device. Because a driving voltage of the electrochromic solution is low, the thickness of an intrinsic layer in each of the thin-film solar cells can be thinned, which increases the transmittance of the photovoltaic electrochromic device. Besides, the current output of the photovoltaic electrochromic device can be controlled by an additional output switch layout coupled with the thin-film solar cells.01-07-2010
20110253188Photovoltaic Laminate Segments And Segmented Photovoltaic Modules - One embodiment of the invention relates to a segmented photovoltaic (PV) module which is manufactured from laminate segments. The segmented PV module includes rectangular-shaped laminate segments formed from rectangular-shaped PV laminates and further includes non-rectangular-shaped laminate segments formed from rectangular-shaped and approximately-triangular-shaped PV laminates. The laminate segments are mechanically joined and electrically interconnected to form the segmented module. Another embodiment relates to a method of manufacturing a large-area segmented photovoltaic module from laminate segments of various shapes. Other embodiments relate to processes for providing a photovoltaic array for installation at a site. Other embodiments and features are also disclosed.10-20-2011
20090242011INSTALLATION OF TELECONTROLLED PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - The invention relates to an installation of photovoltaic modules including a “control command” device, a set of photovoltaic modules, intended to transform the solar energy into electric current, having power terminals, each photovoltaic module including a breaker commanding the passage of a current across the power terminals, control means designed to control the breaker, communication means designed to allow communication between the control means of the breaker of the photovoltaic module and the “control command” device of the installation, where each photovoltaic module furthermore includes addressing means designed to identify in a unique manner a photovoltaic module and/or a group of photovoltaic modules and measurement means for measuring at least one operating parameter of the photovoltaic module.10-01-2009
20090000653Solar power harvester with reflective border - A solar energy harvester comprises: a planar solar harvester panel serving to absorb sunlight and convert it to useful power such as electricity and/or heat; a planar north (in the northern hemisphere) wall which is specularly reflective on its south side, running east-west and positioned adjacent the north end of the harvester panel. The reflective north wall may be considered to create a second, equal, virtual harvester panel to convert additional energy, or alternately to create a virtual sun to illuminate the harvester panel from the north. The solar energy harvester effectively doubles the output of useful power of a prior art solar harvester panel alone.01-01-2009
20090000654DISTRIBUTED INVERTER AND INTELLIGENT GATEWAY - A system and method for converting DC from one or more sources to AC power utilizing a novel partitioning scheme are disclosed. This partitioning scheme is particularly well suited for photovoltaic (PV) microinverter applications. The primary goals are to make installation, operation and maintenance of the system safe and simple. Secondary goals are to improve reliability and lifetime of the converter in a cost effective manner. In one embodiment, the microinverters are placed in one-to-one proximity with the photovoltaic modules, each proximate microinverter incorporating a reduced number of functions and components. Remaining common functions and controls are implemented separately.01-01-2009
20110155205Polyvinyl acetal with high flowability and plasticizer-containing films produced therewith - The invention relates to polyvinyl acetals obtainable by reacting polyvinyl alcohol with at least one aldehyde with a degree of acetalisation of at least 75 mol %, characterised by an OH blockiness of the polyvinyl acetal, defined as a quotient from the number of methylene groups of two adjacent alcohol sequences (VV) and the sum of the number of methylene groups of adjacent alcohol/acetal sequences and acetal/acetal sequences (VB+BB), of more than 0.151, as well as a process for the preparation thereof.06-30-2011
20120199173Interconnection Schemes for Photovoltaic Cells - In particular embodiments, a method is described for fabricating a photovoltaic cell and includes providing a substrate; depositing a bottom-contact layer over the substrate; masking a portion of the bottom-contact layer; depositing a photovoltaic-absorber layer over the bottom-contact layer; and depositing a top-contact layer over the a photovoltaic-absorber layer. A portion of the bottom-contact layer is left exposed after depositing the photovoltaic-absorber layer and the top-contact layer as a result of the masking, thereby leaving the exposed portion of the bottom-contact layer suitable for use as an electrical contact.08-09-2012
20120199172Systems and Methods to Provide Enhanced Diode Bypass Paths - Systems and methods are herein disclosed for efficiently allowing current to bypass a group of solar cells having one or more malfunctioning or shaded solar cells without overwhelming a bypass diode. This can be done using a switch (e.g., a MOSFET) connected in parallel with the bypass diode. By turning the switch on and off, a majority of the bypass current can be routed through the switch, which is configured to handle larger currents than the bypass diode is designed for, leaving only a minority of the current to pass through the bypass diode.08-09-2012
20090126774METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIA FOR CONTROLLING ORIENTATION OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC COLLECTION SYSTEM TO TRACK APPARENT MOVEMENT OF THE SUN - The subject matter described herein includes methods, systems, and computer readable media for controlling orientation of a photovoltaic collection system to track apparent movement of the sun. According to one aspect, a method for controlling orientation of a photovoltaic collection system to track apparent movement of the sun using a photovoltaic-collection-system-derived tracking algorithm is provided. The method includes determining an initial orientation of a photovoltaic collection system. The method further includes automatically deriving, using output from the photovoltaic collection system as it tracks apparent movement of the sun across the sky caused by spinning of the earth on its axis and its orbit around the sun, a tracking algorithm for controlling orientation of the photovoltaic collection system to track the apparent movement of the sun. The method further includes controlling orientation of the photovoltaic collection system to track apparent movement of the sun using the photovoltaic-collection-system-derived tracking algorithm.05-21-2009
20080314433Substrate structures for integrated series connected photovoltaic arrays and process of manufacture of such arrays - This invention comprises manufacture of photovoltaic cells by deposition of thin film photovoltaic junctions on metal foil substrates. The photovoltaic junctions may be heat treated if appropriate following deposition in a continuous fashion without deterioration of the metal support structure. In a separate operation, an interconnection substrate structure is provided, optionally in a continuous fashion. Multiple photovoltaic cells are then laminated to the interconnection substrate structure and conductive joining methods are employed to complete the array. In this way the interconnection substrate structure can be uniquely formulated from polymer-based materials employing optimal processing unique to polymeric materials. Furthermore, the photovoltaic junction and its metal foil support can be produced in bulk without the need to use the expensive and intricate material removal operations currently taught in the art to achieve series interconnections.12-25-2008
20110041890HIGH-EFFICIENCY, HIGH CURRENT SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR MODULE - Methods and devices are provided for high-efficiency solar cells. In one embodiment, a high current photovoltaic apparatus is provided comprising of a thin-film absorber layer solar module of arbitrary size having an electrical output with a current of greater than about 2 amperes when the module is under AM1.5G illumination at 25° C. Optionally, the current is at least about 5 amperes. Optionally, the current is at least about 15 amperes. Optionally, the current is at least about 50 amperes. Optionally, the current is at least about 100 amperes.02-24-2011
20110041889INTEGRATED TANDEM-TYPE THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Provided is a tandem-type thin film silicon solar cell module having a structure wherein an intermediate layer is arranged. The module suppresses a problem of a current leak through the intermediate layer and has high light conversion efficiency by suppressing expansion of an ineffective area not contributing to power generation. A method for manufacturing such module is also provided. The module has a structure wherein a separating groove is arranged between the intermediate layer and a connecting groove, the separating groove is embedded with a crystalline silicon film, and a separating member does not exist between the separating groove and the connecting groove.02-24-2011
20110041888INSULATING CONSTRUCTION PANEL WITH PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - Disclosed is an insulating construction and solar panel comprising an insulating core that defines at least one opening. A rigid skin covers the insulating core and defines a ridge extending along a first edge and a channel extending along a second edge. A crystalline photovoltaic module is fitted within the opening, and a translucent pane covers the outer surface of the crystalline photovoltaic module. The insulating construction and solar panel is configured to connect to a second and third insulating construction and solar panel by interconnecting the corresponding ridges and channels.02-24-2011
20080223430Buffer layer for front electrode structure in photovoltaic device or the like - Certain example embodiments of this invention relate to an electrode structure (e.g., front electrode structure) for use in a photovoltaic device or the like. In certain example embodiments, a buffer layer (e.g., of or including tin oxide) is provided between the front electrode and the semiconductor absorber film in a photovoltaic device. The buffer layer may be deposited via sputtering, and may or may not be doped in certain example instances. In an example context of use in CdS/CdTe photovoltaic devices, the buffer layer is advantageous in that it (one or more of): (a) provides a good work-function match to a possible CdS/CdTe film and the front electrode; (b) provides good durability in that it is better able to withstand attacks of sulfur vapors at elevated temperatures during possible CdS/CdTe processing; (c) may be at least partially conductive; and/or (d) provides good mechanical durability.09-18-2008
20080245400NITRIDE-BASED MULTI-JUNCTION SOLAR CELL MODULES AND METHODS FOR MAKING THE SAME - A backside illuminated multi-junction solar cell module includes a substrate, multiple multi-junction solar cells, and a cell interconnection that provides a series connection between at least two of the multi-junction solar cells. The substrate may include a material that is substantially transparent to solar radiation. Each multi-junction solar cell includes a first active cell, grown over the substrate, for absorbing a first portion of the solar radiation for conversion into electrical energy and a second active cell, grown over the first active cell, for absorbing a second portion of the solar radiation for conversion into electrical energy. At least one of the first and second active cells includes a nitride.10-09-2008
20110253190SOLAR PANEL MOUNTING BRACKET AND SOLAR PANEL MOUNTING SYSTEM - A solar panel mounting bracket having a pipe clamp portion defining a channel between spaced legs configured to clamp around a supporting pipe, a flange clamp extending from the pipe clamp portion configured to clamp a flange of a solar panel to the bracket. A solar panel mounting system including a bracket having a pipe clamp portion defining a channel between spaced legs and a flange clamp extending from the pipe clamp portion, a solar panel having a flange on its frame, and a pipe positioned within the channel of the pipe clamp portion.10-20-2011
20110162689Solar Cell Module, Arrangement Structure of the Same, and Method for Arranging the Same - It is an object to provide a solar cell module achieving reduced improper wiring and improved working efficiency.07-07-2011
20110162688ASSYMETRIC SURFACE TEXTURING FOR USE IN A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND METHOD OF MAKING - A novel surface texturing provides improved light-trapping characteristics for photovoltaic cells. The surface is asymmetric and includes shallow slopes at between about 5 and about 30 degrees from horizontal as well as steeper slopes at about 70 degrees or more from horizontal. It is advantageously used as either the front or back surface of a thin semiconductor lamina, for example between about 1 and about 20 microns thick, which comprises at least the base or emitter of a photovoltaic cell. In embodiments of the present invention, the shallow slopes are formed using imprint photolithography.07-07-2011
20110162685RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE INCLUDING AN ENERGY CONVERSION STRUCTURE AND A BEARING COMPONENT - A power generation structure for generating power from a renewable energy source including a base, an energy conversion structure connected to the base, and an articulating joint between the base and the energy conversion structure, the articulating joint comprising a bearing member having a body including a composite material having a rigid material and a friction-reducing material overlying the rigid material, wherein the rigid material comprises a material selected from the group of consisting of aluminum and stainless steel.07-07-2011
20110259388Photovoltaic Receiver - A PV receiver that, when located within a solar concentrator, provides for shielding of electrical connections associated with the receiver from solar radiation that is reflected toward the receiver. The PV receiver comprises an electrically non-conductive elongate carrier, and a plurality of PV wafer dice mounted as a linear array to a first, forward, face of the carrier. A plurality of conductor elements is arrayed along the first face of the carrier behind the PV wafer dice and the conductor elements are connected one-to-one with electrodes located on a first, rearward, face of each of the wafer dice. Busbars are located on the elongate carrier behind the PV wafer dice, and electrically conductive connections made between the conductor elements and the busbars behind the PV wafer dice. In one embodiment of the PV receiver the busbars are located on a second, rearward, face of the carrier and the electrically conductive connections are made through the carrier. A method of shielding electrical connections associated with a PV receiver within a solar concentrator from radiation reflected toward the receiver is also disclosed.10-27-2011
20110259387MULTI-JUNCTION SOLAR CELL STRUCTURE - A multi-junction solar cell structure includes a supporting substrate, a Group IV element-based thin film, and a Group III-V element-based thin film sequentially stacked on the supporting substrate. When the multi-junction solar cell structure is active, the Group III-V element-based thin film contacts the light before the Group IV element-based thin film does. The Group IV element-based thin film includes a first solar cell and the Group III-V element-based thin film includes a second solar cell, wherein the band gap of the first solar cell is lower than the band gap of the second solar cell.10-27-2011
20120145218THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - A thin film solar cell module includes a substrate, a plurality of solar cells positioned on the substrate, a ribbon electrode positioned on an outermost solar cell of the plurality of solar cells, a plurality of conductive adhesive parts which are positioned between the outermost solar cell and the ribbon electrode and connect the outermost solar cell to the ribbon electrode, a junction box collecting electric power produced by the plurality of solar cells, and a bus bar electrode which is positioned across the plurality of solar cells and connects the junction box to the ribbon electrode. A distance between the plurality of conductive adhesive parts gradually decreases as the plurality of conductive adhesive parts are located closer to the bus bar electrode.06-14-2012
20110108083SUPPORT FOR A SOLAR PANEL - The invention relates to a support (05-12-2011
20110108081Photovoltaic Power Converter - The invention provides a photovoltaic power converter that includes a multilayer structure supported by a substrate having a base layer of a semiconductor material of a first conductivity type and a first emitter layer of a semiconductor material of a second conductivity type opposite said first conductivity type forming a p-n junction region therebetween, and a first current blocking layer of a semiconductor material of the second conductivity type interposed between the substrate and the first multilayer structure. The emitter layer is carbon doped.05-12-2011
20110108086BACKING SHEET FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES AND METHOD FOR REPAIRING SAME - The present invention provides a protective backing sheet for photovoltaic modules. The backing sheets of the current invention possess excellent weather resistance, heat resistance, color retention, adhesion between layers and encapsulant, and scratch resistance. The backing sheet can minimize the deterioration in the performance of the solar module due to moisture permeation. It also can achieve desirable photoelectric conversion efficiency over a long period of time. Additionally the described backing sheet, or alternatively referred to backskin, can be made in an aesthetically pleasing form.05-12-2011
20120031462Collector grid, electrode structures and interrconnect structures for photovoltaic arrays and methods of manufacture - The invention teaches novel structure and methods for producing electrical current collectors and electrical interconnection structure. Such articles find particular use in facile production of modular arrays of photovoltaic cells. The current collector and interconnecting structures may be initially produced separately from the photovoltaic cells thereby allowing the use of unique materials and manufacture. Subsequent combination of the structures with photovoltaic cells allows facile and efficient completion of modular arrays. Methods for combining the collector and interconnection structures with cells and final interconnecting into modular arrays are taught02-09-2012
20120031455SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module is disclosed that includes a solar cell power generating unit and a connecting member. The connecting member supplies the output of a solar cell to an external electronic component. The connecting member includes a covering member and an output connecting portion. The covering member covers at least the surface of a terminal portion among the surfaces of the terminal portion and a protective member. The output connecting portion has one end disposed in the covering member and the other end disposed outside the covering member. The one end of the output connecting portion is connected to the terminal portion of the solar cell power generating unit. The other end of the output connecting portion has a terminal for connection to an electronic component.02-09-2012
20110114152METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS, PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS PRODUCED THEREBY AND USES THEREOF - Novel methods of producing photovoltaic cells are provided herein, as well as photovoltaic cells produced thereby, and uses thereof. In some embodiments, a method as described herein comprises doping a substrate so as to form a p05-19-2011
20110114150PROCESS FOR MAKING SOLAR PANEL AND THE SOLAR PANEL MADE THEREOF - The present invention provides a process for making solar panels. The process of the present invention avoids the use of laser scribing so it is particularly useful in making flexible solar panels. In addition, the present invention provides an alternative scheme for connecting the first electrodes and second electrodes in a solar panel.05-19-2011
20110114149JUNCTION BOX AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE HAVING JUNCTION BOX - A junction box and a photovoltaic module having a junction box are described. The junction box includes an upper cover having an upper extending wing, a lower cover having a lower extending wing, and a sealant applying thereon to glue the junction box to a solar panel. The upper cover and the lower cover form a U-shaped clamp to clamp the solar panel. The junction box can be firmly fixed on the solar panel with a fixing member or protrusions coupling to trenches formed on the solar panel.05-19-2011
20110114147Method of manufacturing photovoltaic cells, photovoltaic cells produced thereby and uses thereof - Novel methods of producing photovoltaic cells are provided herein, as well as photovoltaic cells produced thereby, and uses thereof. In some embodiments, a method as described herein comprises doping a substrate so as to form a p05-19-2011
20110114148BRIGHT WHITE PROTECTIVE LAMINATES - A laminate for electronic devices contains a first outer layer of a layer comprising an organic solvent soluble and/or water dispersible, crosslinkable amorphous fluoropolymers, at least one mid-layer selected from at least one of the group consisting of (i) poly(chlorotrifluoro ethylene); (ii) polymeric film coated on one or both surfaces with liquid crystal polymer; (iii) liquid crystal polymers; (iv) metal foil; and (v) polyester, and a second outer layer wherein the second outer layer comprises pigmented EVA and wherein the second outer layer is substantially opaque to ultraviolet light. The laminate is particularly useful for use as a backing sheet for photovoltaic modules.05-19-2011
20110132426SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes at least one first solar cell, at least one second solar cell, an upper protective layer positioned on the first solar cell and the second solar cell, a transparent member positioned on the upper protective layer, a lower protective layer positioned under the first solar cell and the second solar cell, and a back sheet positioned under the lower protective layer. The back sheet has at least one conductive pattern for electrically connecting a current collector positioned on a back surface of a first semiconductor substrate of the first solar cell to a current collector positioned on a back surface of a second semiconductor substrate of the second solar cell, and the at least one conductive pattern is straightly formed to connect therebetween.06-09-2011
20110120519Method of Manufacturing a Photovoltaic Cell - A method of manufacturing a photovoltaic cell using a semiconductor wafer having a front side and a rear side, wherein the photovoltaic cell produces electricity when the front side of the semiconductor wafer is illuminated., the method comprising the steps of:05-26-2011
20110132427Photovoltaic Arrays, Methods and Kits Therefor - The present invention relates generally to the photovoltaic generation of electrical energy. The present invention relates more particularly to photovoltaic arrays for use in photovoltaically generating electrical energy. One aspect of the invention is a photovoltaic array including a first photovoltaic module and a second photovoltaic module, each comprising a set of linearly arranged features extending from its lateral edge, and an electrical element on its surface, wherein the lateral distance between the electrical element and the center of the linearly-arranged feature closest to the lateral edge is different in the first photovoltaic module than in the second.06-09-2011
20110132425SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module is disclosed. The solar cell module includes at least one first solar cell, the at least one first solar cell including a first semiconductor substrate of a first conductive type, and a first electron current collector and a first hole current collector that are positioned on one surface of the first semiconductor substrate; and at least one second solar cell, the at least one second solar cell including a second semiconductor substrate of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type, and a second electron current collector and a second hole current collector that are positioned on one surface of the second semiconductor substrate. The first solar cell and the second solar cell are positioned adjacently to each other and are alternately positioned.06-09-2011
20110132423Photovoltaic solar module comprising bifacial solar cells - A photovoltaic solar cell module comprises a plurality of bifacial solar cells and electrical conductors. Each bifacial solar cell comprises a plurality of bus-bar contacts. A phosphorous silicon glass layer is formed on one side of the bifacial cell by phosphorous diffusion, and a boron silicon glass layer is formed on the other side of the bifacial cell by boron diffusion. The phosphorous diffusion and the boron diffusion are conducted by a face-to-face diffusion method. The combination of the two gettering methods substantially increases the minority carrier life time of the bifacial solar cell.06-09-2011
20100300506LOW-COST HIGH-EFFICIENCY SOLAR MODULE USING EPITAXIAL SI THIN-FILM ABSORBER AND DOUBLE-SIDED HETEROJUNCTION SOLAR CELL WITH INTEGRATED MODULE FABRICATION - One embodiment of the present invention provides a double-sided heterojunction solar cell module. The solar cell includes a frontside glass cover, a backside glass cover situated below the frontside glass cover, and a number of solar cells situated between the frontside glass cover and the backside glass cover. Each solar cell includes a semiconductor multilayer structure situated below the frontside glass cover, including: a frontside electrode grid, a first layer of heavily doped amorphous Si (a-Si) situated below the frontside electrode, a layer of lightly doped crystalline-Si (c-Si) situated below the first layer of heavily doped a-Si, and a layer of heavily doped c-Si situated below the lightly doped c-Si layer. The solar cell also includes a second layer of heavily doped a-Si situated below the multilayer structure; and a backside electrode situated below the second layer of heavily doped a-Si.12-02-2010
20110017255LED Powered photovoltaic generator - A device that uses specific dominant wavelength light emitting diode to excite the electrons in photovoltaic cells to produce DC voltage for the purposes of: (a) providing DC voltage to its own light emitting diode system and (b) providing external voltage for an application that requires voltage to operate.01-27-2011
20110162686METHOD FOR INSTALLING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES AND A PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY - A method of installing a photovoltaic module includes providing a stationary substructure configured as a supporting and affixing structure and affixing the photovoltaic module to the substructure with an adhesive bond. A photovoltaic array includes a stationary substructure configured as a supporting and affixing structure and at least one photovoltaic module affixed to the substructure by an adhesive bond.07-07-2011
20110162687ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND LIGHT EMITTING DIODE WITH AN ARRAY OF 3-DIMENSIONALLY FABRICATED ELECTRODES - Disclosed herein, in certain instances, is a novel photovoltaic cell that uses unique microarchitectural and multi-layer functional designs. Further disclosed herein, in certain instances, is a 3-dimensional electrode.07-07-2011
20100243026SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL - A solar cell module includes: a translucent front surface member; a rear surface member; solar cells disposed between the front surface member and the rear surface member and electrically connected to each other; and a translucent sealing resin filled between the front surface member and the rear surface member and fixing the solar cells to the front surface member and the rear surface member. The solar cell includes: a photoelectric conversion body having a semiconductor junction to form an electric field isolating carriers; a suppression layer provided between the front surface member and the photoelectric conversion body and configured to suppress recombination of minority carriers; and an inclined surface provided at the outer edge of the suppression layer and extending in a direction non-parallel to the normal line of the solar cell.09-30-2010
20110259391REAL TIME PROCESS MONITORING AND CONTROL FOR SEMICONDUCTOR JUNCTIONS - A method of manufacturing a semiconductor layer is provided. In a first deposition during a first period of time, at least one Group IIIA element and at least one Group VIA element are deposited on a substrate or on a layer optional disposed on the substrate such as a back-electrode. During a second deposition during a second period of time, at least one Group IB element and the at least one group VIA element are deposited on the substrate or the optional layer. The one Group IB element combines with the Group VIA element to form a IB10-27-2011
20100282294Integrated Photovoltaic Modular Panel - An integrated photovoltaic modular panel for a curtain wall glass is used for the field of building integrated photovoltaic. The invention provides the standardized photovoltaic units, so that the electrodes in a photovoltaic panel main body can be internally parallel connected. The connector may be a metal piece of stamping or casting, which has a plug 11-11-2010
20100282292Structure and method for electrical interconnects for solar systems - A novel electrical wiring for solar panels is provided. A first electrical grid overlies a front glass cover and a second electrical grid overlies a back cover, rather than photovoltaic cells. Conductive pads that are electrically connected to the back side of photovoltaic cells are integrated with the back member. A novel back side to front side electrical interconnect scheme between adjacent cells is provided. This overall new approach significantly improves solar PV system cost, efficiency, and reliability.11-11-2010
20100282291MULTILAYER THIN-FILM PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERTER AND ITS MANUFACTURING METHOD - A thin film photoelectric converter including a transparent conductive layer, a laser light absorption layer, a back electrode layer, a semiconductor photoelectric conversion layer and a transparent electrode layer stacked on a translucent substrate. The laser light absorption layer is parted into regions by first kind parting line grooves, and the photoelectric conversion layer is parted into regions by third kind parting line grooves penetrating the laser light absorption layer, the rear surface electrode layer and the photoelectric conversion layer. The transparent electrode layer is parted into regions by fourth kind parting line grooves penetrating the laser light absorption layer, the rear surface electrode layer, the photoelectric conversion layer and the transparent electrode layer. A receiving side transparent electrode region of one cell is electrically connected to a back electrode region of adjacent cell through the first kind groove, the transparent conductive layer and the third kind groove.11-11-2010
20100282290PHOTOVOLTAIC UNIT COMPRISING A MATRIX OF FRAMELESS SOLAR MODULES - A photovoltaic unit includes a matrix having a plurality of frameless rectangular solar modules, and at least one module rail disposed on an underside of each solar module. Each of the at least one module rail is coupled to a substrate rail, which is releasably connected to a substrate. Each of the at least one module rail and the at least one substrate rail has a guide rail running parallel to an edge of the respective solar module on at least a longitudinal side of the respective rail facing towards an edge region of the solar module. The guide rails on the module and substrate rails are releasably connected to each other by at least one connecting element. A spacer gap of sufficient width for operating the connecting element is provided between adjacent solar modules of the plurality of frameless rectangular solar modules.11-11-2010
20090308426METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INSTALLING, TESTING, MONITORING AND ACTIVATING POWER GENERATION EQUIPMENT - A solar panel including array converters is installed in a solar power generation system by first completing a self-test of the solar panel in an uninstalled state. Certain data is obtained and compared to specifications to verify proper operation. Other data obtained is compared to a work order to insure the intended unit is being installed. A functional, proper panel is installed into the solar power generation system, then tested again in an operational state. The system includes steps for activating a system, wherein a system that is not activated within a predetermined time period will no longer operate. The solar power generation system may be monitored remotely, thereby allowing maintenance to be performed on an as-needed basis.12-17-2009
20090308429THIN-FILM SOLAR MODULE - A thin-film solar cell module and a method of interconnecting thin-film solar cells are described. The method comprises forming one or more grooves (12-17-2009
20100282289SOLAR GENERATOR CAPABLE OF POWER TRACKING AND ELECTRIC CHARACTERISTIC CURVE MEASUREMENT AND METHOD FOR REALIZING THE SAME - A solar generator capable of power tracking and electric characteristic curve measurement and a method for realizing the same is disclosed. The solar generator of the present invention comprises at least one solar panel receiving solar energy, converting the solar energy into electric energy, and outputting the electric energy; an electric tracking-measuring circuit connected with the solar panel and the external load; and a processor connected with the electric tracking-measuring circuit, controlling the electric tracking-measuring circuit to receive the electric energy and output the electric energy to the external load at the highest power. When the illumination on the solar panel is greater than a preset value, the processor controls the electric tracking-measuring circuit to measure the I-V characteristic curve of the electric energy to determine the operation status of the solar panel.11-11-2010
20100282288Solar Cell Interconnection on a Flexible Substrate - A solar cell array comprising: a substrate having a carrier surface on which a plurality of electrically conductive bonding pads are provided, the bonding pads being spaced from one another along a main direction; a plurality of solar cells, each solar cell of the plurality including a back electrode bonded to a first portion of a respective bonding pad, wherein each bonding pad comprises a second portion defining an exposed contact region not covered by the back electrode of the respective solar cell, and wherein an interconnecting lead electrically connects the second portion of the bonding pad associated with a first solar cell with an electrode of a directly adjacent second solar cell.11-11-2010
20100193006SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module includes a substrate, a lower electrode layer, a semiconductor layer and an upper electrode layer for an embodiment. The lower electrode layer may include a plurality of area-separating grooves separating the substrate into an active area and a peripheral area surrounding the active area, and a plurality of first cell-separating grooves formed in the active area. The semiconductor layer is formed on the lower electrode layer. The semiconductor layer includes a plurality of second cell-separating grooves that are spaced apart from the first cell-separating grooves. The upper electrode layer is formed on the semiconductor layer. The upper electrode layer includes a plurality of third cell-separating grooves that are spaced apart from the second separating grooves.08-05-2010
20080216886Solar Cell Module - Disclosed is a solar cell module comprising ten solar cells. The widths W09-11-2008
20110186104SOLAR MODULE WINDOW SHADE APPARATUS AND METHOD - A solar module system includes a first transparent substrate member, a second transparent substrate member, and a plurality of photovoltaic members configured in a spatial manner sandwiched between the first substrate member and the second substrate member to allow at least a first portion of light to be transmitted and a second portion of light to be blocked. The system also has one or more inverter devices coupled to the solar module and configured to convert direct current to alternating current. The system may have an electrical cord comprising a first end and a second end, the first end being coupled to the one or more inverter devices and the second end comprising at least a pair of electrodes. The system can be used for indoor use or other application.08-04-2011
20110259390FILM FOR SEALING BACK SIDE OF SOLAR CELL, MATERIAL FOR SEALING BACK SIDE OF SOLAR CELL, AND A SOLAR CELL MODULE - A film for solar battery backside sealing component includes a resin layer containing a resin produced by copolymerizing an acrylic polyol resin, an ultraviolet absorber, and a photostabilizing agent, along with a color pigment and a plasticizer, that is laminated to at least one side of a base film.10-27-2011
20110259389FILM FOR BACKSIDE SEALING SHEET FOR SOLAR CELLS - A film for solar battery backside sealing sheet includes a resin layer containing a resin produced by copolymerizing an acrylic polyol resin, an ultraviolet absorber, and a photostabilizing agent, along with an antistatic agent, laminated to at least one side of a base film, wherein the antistatic agent in the resin layer accounts for 1 to 30 parts by mass relative to 100 parts by mass of the resin produced by copolymerizing an acrylic polyol resin, an ultraviolet absorber, and a photostabilizing agent.10-27-2011
20100024863SOLAR PANELS FOR RECEIVING SCATTERED LIGHT - The subject matter disclosed herein relates to solar panels to generate electrical energy. In particular, solar panels configured to efficiently receive scattered light are disclosed.02-04-2010
20100024864SOLAR CELL, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell, a method of manufacturing the same, and a solar cell module are disclosed. The solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate doped with first impurities, an emitter layer on a first surface of the semiconductor substrate, the emitter layer including a first portion doped with second impurities, whose conductive type is different from the first impurities, at a first doping concentration and a second portion doped with the second impurities at a second doping concentration greater than the first doping concentration, a first electrode that passes through the semiconductor substrate to extend from the first surface of the semiconductor substrate to a second surface of the semiconductor substrate and contacts the second portion of the emitter layer, and a second electrode that is positioned on the second surface of the semiconductor substrate and is electrically separated from the first electrode.02-04-2010
20100024865CONTINUOUS COATING INSTALLATION, METHODS FOR PRODUCING CRYSTALLINE SOLAR CELLS, AND SOLAR CELL - A continuous coating installation is disclosed. The installation includes a vacuum chamber having a supply opening for supplying a substrate to be coated and a discharge opening for discharging the coated substrate. The installation also includes a physical vapour deposition device for coating a surface of the substrate, and a laser crystallization system for simultaneously illuminating at least one sub-partial area of a currently coated partial area of the surface of the substrate with at least one laser beam. The installation further includes a transport device for transporting the substrate in a feedthrough direction from the supply opening to the discharge opening and for continuously or discontinuously moving the substrate during the coating thereof in the feedthrough direction.02-04-2010
20100024861Dual-Axis Solar Tracker - The invention relates to a two-axle solar tracker, consisting of a moving supporting system for solar panels, which maximises the energy production of said panels and which is formed by a vertical axle and a horizontal axle in relation to which the system rotates in order to track the sun's path. The aforementioned axles are components of a structure supported at the centre and supported peripherally on wheels positioned on a running track or surface. The structure rotates about a fixed central point supporting the vertical axle of the tracker. At least one board is positioned on the horizontal axle of the structure in order to receive the solar modules or panels and said board(s) can rotate about the horizontal axle so that the solar panels are maintained perpendicular to the sun's rays.02-04-2010
20100018563SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - In the solar cell module 01-28-2010
20100018562SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL STRING AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate having a photoelectric converting portion, a first electrode formed on a first main surface of the semiconductor substrate, and a second electrode connected to the first electrode on the first main surface. The first electrode includes a plurality of first connecting portions to be connected to an interconnector and a first non-connecting portion not connected to an interconnector. The first non-connecting portion is arranged between first connecting portions to electrically connect the first connecting portions together. The first connecting portion and first non-connecting portion are coupled forming an angle larger than 90° and smaller than 180°. A solar cell string and a solar cell module employ the solar cells.01-28-2010
20100018565SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL ARRAY AND SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SOLAR CELL ARRAY - There is provided a solar cell array and a solar cell module including the solar cell array, comprising: a solar cell wafer including a semiconductor substrate and a p electrode and an n electrode provided at a surface of the semiconductor substrate; an interconnection substrate including an insulating substrate having a light receiving surface and a p interconnection and an n interconnection provided at the light receiving surface and electrically insulated from each other, on the interconnection substrate, more than one solar cell wafer being disposed adjacently, the p electrode and the p interconnection being electrically connected, the n electrode and the n interconnection being electrically connected; and an interconnection formed such that the p interconnection electrically connected to one solar cell wafer and the n interconnection electrically connected to another solar cell wafer adjacent to one solar cell wafer are electrically connected at the light receiving surface and a surface opposite thereto.01-28-2010
20090159111Photovoltaic device having a textured metal silicide layer - A semiconductor device is formed on a low cost substrate 06-25-2009
20100139733FUSED WIRING HARNESS FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM - A fused wiring harness having a fused wiring assembly and a second wiring assembly. The fused wiring assembly includes a first primary conductor, a first secondary fused conductor, and a second secondary fused conductor. The first secondary fused conductor is conductively connected to the first primary conductor at a first junction. The second secondary fused conductor is conductively connected to the first primary conductor at a second junction. The second wiring assembly includes a second primary conductor, a first secondary conductor, and a second secondary conductor. The first secondary conductor is conductively connected to the second primary conductor at a third junction. The fused wiring harness further includes a first overmold portion at least partially enveloping the first junction and the third junction, thereby securing the fused wiring assembly to the second wiring assembly.06-10-2010
20120145217LIGHT-EMITTING POLYMER - A light-emitting polymer composition includes a polysiloxane polymer having tritium that emits radiation and a wavelength-shifter chemically bonded to the polysiloxane polymer or a siloxane carrier dispersed within the polysiloxane polymer. The wavelength-shifter emits light in response to the radiation.06-14-2012
20120145216DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL, DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND COATING LIQUID FOR FORMING ELECTROLYTE LAYER - An object of the present invention is to provide a dye-sensitized solar cell comprising a solid electrolyte and having excellent thermostability, which has the excellent feature of retaining liquid so as to prevent an electrolyte solution from being exuded even under high temperature or pressurized conditions, and a dye-sensitized solar cell module using the same. Such dye-sensitized solar cell comprises: an electrode base material 06-14-2012
20090139557Busbar connection configuration to accommodate for cell misalignment - Interconnection of back contact photovoltaic cells in a photovoltaic module is described. Pre-assembled busbars are connected with a configuration to enable correction for cell misalignment in the module.06-04-2009
20100243024SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL SYSTEM - A solar cell includes: a front surface electrode having a first current-collecting electrode and non-straight line electrodes connected to the first current-collecting electrode; a semiconductor substrate serving as a photoelectric conversion body; and a rear surface electrode having a second current-collecting electrode and line electrodes connected to the second current-collecting electrode. The front surface electrode, the semiconductor substrate and the rear surface electrode are arranged in that order. The non-straight line electrodes of the front surface electrode and the line electrodes of the rear surface electrodes are opposed to each other with the semiconductor substrate interposed there-between. The non-straight line electrodes of the front surface electrode and the line electrodes of the rear surface electrodes are different in shape while having a portion where the electrodes intersect each other, as seen in a direction perpendicular to the front surface of the semiconductor substrate.09-30-2010
20110088746SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module is discussed. The solar cell module includes a junction box, a solar cell panel including a plurality of strings of solar cells, each string including a plurality of solar cells that are arranged in a row and are electrically connected to one another, an interconnector for electrically connecting adjacent ones of the plurality of solar cells to one another belonging to at least one of the plurality of strings, a first adhesive member positioned between an electrode part of one of the adjacent solar cells and the interconnector, a lead wire for electrically connecting one end of the interconnector to the junction box, and a second adhesive member positioned between the interconnector and the lead wire. At least one of the interconnector and the lead wire is formed of a lead-free material containing an amount of lead equal to or less than 1,000 ppm.04-21-2011
20100206351PHOTONIC USE OF INTERMEDIATE BAND MATERIALS ON A CHALCOGENIDE-TYPE SEMICONDUCTOR - The invention relates to the use, in the manufacturing of materials or devices for photonic applications, of chalcogenide-type compounds having an octahedrally coordinated indium element and wherein a transition element is introduced in octahedral position generating a partially occupied intermediate band separate from those of valence and conduction of the initial semiconductor, according to quantum mechanics calculations. This enables, by absorption of two photons having energy lower than the prohibited bandwidth of the initial semiconductor, a result equivalent to that achieved, without said intermediate band, by the absorption of a higher-energy photon. The use of such a material can thereby improve yield and performance of various photovoltaic, photocatalytic, photoelectrochemical, optoelectronic or photonic conversion devices. Indium sulfide substituted in part with vanadium or titanium is one of the specific materials having these properties that is synthesised according to the invention.08-19-2010
20100083999TANDEM NANOFILM SOLAR CELLS JOINED BY WAFER BONDING - An energy conversion device comprises at least two thin film photovoltaic cells fabricated separately and joined by wafer bonding. The cells are arranged in a hierarchical stack of decreasing order of their energy bandgap from top to bottom. Each of the thin film cells has a thickness in the range from about 0.5 μm to about 10 μm. The photovoltaic cell stack is mounted upon a thick substrate composed of a material selected from silicon, glass, quartz, silica, alumina, ceramic, metal, graphite, and plastic. Each of the interfaces between the cells comprises a structure selected from a tunnel junction, a heterojunction, a transparent conducting oxide, and an alloying metal grid; and the top surface and/or the lower surface of the energy conversion device may contain light-trapping means.04-08-2010
20090065043METHOD OF COUPLING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS AND FILM FOR IMPLEMENTING IT - Method for electrically connecting photovoltaic cells (03-12-2009
20080196757SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A photoelectric converter generates carriers by photoelectric conversion. A multiple finger electrodes are electrically coupled to the photoelectric converter. The finger electrodes collect carriers generated in the photoelectric converter. The finger electrodes contain a sintering conductive material as an essential ingredient. A bus-bar electrode is electrically coupled to the multiple finger electrodes. The bus-bar electrode collects the carriers from the finger electrodes. The bus-bar electrode contains a thermosetting conductive material as an essential ingredient.08-21-2008
20110041891PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES AND PRODUCTION PROCESS - The flexible photovoltaic module (02-24-2011
20100065101NICKEL-COBALT ALLOYS AS CURRENT COLLECTORS AND CONDUCTIVE INTERCONNECTS AND DEPOSITION THEREOF ON TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE OXIDES - The invention relates to nickel-cobalt alloys as current collectors and conductive interconnects, and to methods of deposition thereof on transparent conductive oxides. The invention further relates to transparent conductive oxides on which a nickel-cobalt alloy is deposited and to electrodes made of such transparent conductive oxides for photochemical applications, in particular, for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs).03-18-2010
20110132428Buss Bar Strip - A buss bar strip for mounting to a solar panel to electrically connect to a series of electrical lines extending from solar cells. The buss bar strip can include a thin elongate flat flexible strip of insulative material having a longitudinal length. A predetermined pattern of elongate conductors can be longitudinally disposed on the insulative strip in at least two rows along the longitudinal length and electrically isolated from each other. Each conductor can have a predetermined position, length, and spacing from each other on the insulative strip for laterally electrically connecting to selected electrical lines from the solar cells at lateral electrical connection points located along the length of the conductor on exposed surfaces on the conductor.06-09-2011
20100252089METHOD FOR PROVIDING A SERIES CONNECTION IN A SOLAR CELL SYSTEM - A process for providing a series connection in a solar cell system including the provision of a solar cell system comprising a transparent conductive oxide layer, a photovoltaic layer, and a back electrode, wherein the system is divided into at least two individual cells wherein the transparent conductive oxide layer of one cell is connected through a conductive interconnect with the back electrode of an adjacent cell, and the transparent conductive oxide layer is provided with an insulating interrupt on one side of the interconnect and the back electrode is provided with an interrupt on the other side of the interconnect, the process being characterised in that the interrupt in the transparent conductive oxide layer is provided through vitrification of the transparent conductive oxide layer. A solar cell system provided with a series connection wherein the interrupt in the TCO layer is made up of a vitrified section of the TCO is also claimed.10-07-2010
20090107539PHOTOELECTRIC DEVICE - A photoelectric conversion element having a photoelectric conversion layer between opposing anode electrode and cathode electrode, the photoelectric conversion layer having a structure in which (1) a p-type semiconductor layer and (2) a layer mixing a p-type semiconductor with an n-type semiconductor, and, as required, (3) an n-type semiconductor layer or a metal oxide layer are sequentially layered, characterized in that at least one photoelectric conversion efficiency improving means out of the following (a)-(c) is used. (a) An organic semiconductor thin film with a charge mobility of at least 0.005 cm04-30-2009
20090173374Substrate and collector grid structures for integrated series connected photovoltaic arrays and process of manufacture of such arrays - The invention teaches novel structure and methods for producing electrical current collectors and electrical interconnection structure. Such articles find particular use in facile production of modular arrays of photovoltaic cells. The current collector and interconnecting structures may be initially produced separately from the photovoltaic cells thereby allowing the use of unique materials and manufacture. Subsequent combination of the structures with photovoltaic cells allows facile and efficient completion of modular arrays. Methods for combining the collector and interconnection structures with cells and final interconnecting into modular arrays are taught.07-09-2009
20090173372Organic Optoelectronic Devices And Applications Thereof - The present invention provides organic optoelectronic devices including organic photovoltaic devices. In an embodiment, the present invention provides an organic optoelectronic device comprising a fiber core, a radiation transmissive first electrode surrounding the fiber core, at least one photosensitive organic layer surrounding the first electrode and electrically connected to the first electrode, and a second electrode surrounding the organic layer and electrically connected to the organic layer.07-09-2009
20100236598EMBEDDED RFID SOLUTION FOR SOLAR PANELS - A method for producing a solar photovoltaic panel with an embedded RFID, and resultant product, are disclosed. A layup is formed of at least a first lamination layer and a plurality of electrically connected solar photovoltaic cells. At least a second lamination layer is added to the layup, and a lamination process is applied, forming a solar photovoltaic panel. An RFID tag is embedded in the panel before, during or after applying the lamination process. The RFID tag may be embedded between a front layer and a back layer, between sheets of ethylene vinyl acetate, between a backside of the layup and a junction box, or in an adhesive, sealant or polymerizing material. A solar photovoltaic panel with an embedded RFID tag is thereby formed. Instantiation information pertaining to the individual solar photovoltaic panel, including installation location information or test information, and product information are stored in the RFID tag.09-23-2010
20090277491Solar Cell, Interconnector-Equipped Solar Cell, Solar Cell String And Solar Cell Module - A solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate having a first main surface. On the first main surface, a bus bar electrode and a plurality of linear finger electrodes extending from the bus bar electrode are provided. The bus bar electrode includes a first connecting portion to be connected to an interconnector and a first non-connecting portion without connected to the interconnector. The first connecting portion and the first non-connecting portion are alternately arranged. An interconnector-equipped solar cell, a solar cell string and a solar cell module use this solar cell.11-12-2009
20110146748SOLAR CELL-STRING - The invention concerns to a solar cell-string, wherein a “string” describes a series of solar cells which are connected by electrical conducting strips.06-23-2011
20110146745SOLAR BATTERY PANEL - A solar battery panel wherein cracking of solar battery cells can be reduced without reducing the power generating capacity per unit area. The solar battery panel consists of a plurality of solar battery cells (06-23-2011
20110146749INTEGRATED THIN-FILM SOLAR BATTERY - An integrated thin-film solar battery, comprising: 06-23-2011
20090277492SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module, a plurality of solar cells are arranged between a front-surface protection member and a back-surface protection member, and electrodes of the plurality of solar cells is electrically connected to each other by a wring member. The solar cell module includes an adhesive layer including a resin 11-12-2009
20100269882Method of securing flexible solar panel to PVC roofing membrane - There is disclosed a method of adhering a flexible solar panel to a PVC-based roofing membrane that interposes a certain plasticizer-containing PVC membrane between the solar panel and the roofing membrane.10-28-2010
20120031461Substrate structures for integrated series connected photovoltaic arrays and process of manufacture of such arrays - This invention comprises manufacture of photovoltaic cells by deposition of thin film photovoltaic junctions on metal foil substrates. The photovoltaic junctions may be heat treated if appropriate following deposition in a continuous fashion without deterioration of the metal support structure. In a separate operation, an interconnection substrate structure is provided, optionally in a continuous fashion. Multiple photovoltaic cells are then laminated to the interconnection substrate structure and conductive joining methods are employed to complete the array. In this way the interconnection substrate structure can be uniquely formulated from polymer-based materials employing optimal processing unique to polymeric materials. Furthermore, the photovoltaic junction and its metal foil support can be produced in bulk without the need to use the expensive and intricate material removal operations currently taught in the art to achieve series interconnections.02-09-2012
20120031459Solar Cell and Method of Fabricating the Same - A solar cell according to the embodiment includes a plurality of back electrode patterns spaced apart from each other on a substrate; a light absorption layer including contact patterns to connect electrodes to each other and division patterns to divide cells into unit cells on the substrate formed with the back electrode patterns; top electrode patterns spaced apart from each other by the division patterns on the light absorption layer; and insulating patterns among the back electrode patterns or on the back electrode patterns. The top electrode patterns are filled in the contact patterns and electrically connected to the back electrode patterns.02-09-2012
20120031458SOLAR CELL MODULE PROVIDED WITH AN EDGE SPACE - The solar cell module having a preferable edge space that prevents characteristics of a solar cell such as conversion efficiency from being deteriorated without making processes complicated is provided. In a solar cell module including a substrate glass, a first layer formed on the substrate glass and a second layer formed on the first layer, the first layer is removed by a first removing means having a first energy amount to provide a first edge space in which the first layer is not formed between an end part of the first layer and an end part of the glass substrate, and the second layer is removed by a second removing means having a second energy amount to provide a second edge space in which the second layer is not formed between an end part of the second layer and the end part of the glass substrate. A width of the second edge space is larger than a width of the first edge space.02-09-2012
20110114151METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS, PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS PRODUCED THEREBY AND USES THEREOF - Novel methods of producing photovoltaic cells are provided herein, as well as photovoltaic cells produced thereby, and uses thereof. In some embodiments, a method as described herein comprises doping a substrate so as to form a p05-19-2011
20120037201PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH OXIDE LAYER - A method of manufacturing a photovoltaic device may include concurrently transforming a transparent conductive oxide layer from a substantially amorphous state to a substantially crystalline state and forming one or more semiconductor layers.02-16-2012
20120037203WIRING SHEET, SOLAR CELL WITH WIRING SHEET, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING SOLAR CELL WITH WIRING SHEET - There is provided a wiring sheet (02-16-2012
20120037202CORD PLATE FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A cord plate for a photovoltaic module is configured to receive one or more flowable sealants.02-16-2012
20120037200SOLAR CELL PANEL - A solar cell panel is discussed. The solar cell panel includes a plurality of solar cells each including a substrate and an electrode part positioned on a surface of the substrate, an interconnector for electrically connecting at least one of the plurality of solar cells to another of the plurality of solar cells, and a conductive adhesive film including a resin and a plurality of conductive particles dispersed in the resin. The conductive adhesive film is positioned between the electrode part of the at least one of the plurality of solar cells and the interconnector to electrically connect the electrode part of the at least one of the plurality of solar cells to the interconnector. A width of the interconnector is equal to or greater than a width of the conductive adhesive film.02-16-2012
20120305049SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MANUFACTURING METHOD - A solar cell of a module type in which thin-film solar cells having a light absorbing layer made of a compound semiconductor are joined in series on a single substrate. The substrate includes a base made of a ferritic stainless steel, an aluminum layer formed on at least one surface of the base, and an insulation layer having a porous structure obtained by anodizing a surface of the aluminum layer. The insulation layer exhibits compressive stress at room temperature.12-06-2012
20120305048SOLAR BATTERY CELL, SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD OF MAKING SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - A solar battery cell and related methodology are provided which enable a TAB wire to be accurately connected to an intended position, thus allowing a possible increase in manufacturing costs to be suppressed. The solar battery cell can include a substrate, a plurality of finger electrodes formed on a light receiving surface of the substrate, and a back surface electrode on a back surface of the substrate, the back surface electrode to be connected to a plurality of finger electrodes on an adjacent cell by applying a first TAB wire via a conductive adhesive, wherein the back surface electrode has omitted portions arranged to define at least one alignment marking indicative of a position where the first TAB wire is to be applied, the at least one alignment marking having a width less than a width of said first TAB wire.12-06-2012
20120305047SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL SYSTEM - A first electrode disposed on a first surface of the solar cell. A second electrode disposed on a second surface of the solar cell. A connection member electrically couples the first electrode with an electrode of a solar cell connectable to the solar cell. The first electrode includes multiple fine line-shaped electrodes and a first connection electrode configured to connect electrically with the multiple fine line-shaped electrodes. A width of the first connection electrode is smaller than that of the connection member, and the second electrode comprises an electricity collecting electrode and a second connection electrode configured to connect electrically with the electricity collecting electrode. A width of the second connection electrode is the same as or larger than a region width of the first connection electrode.12-06-2012
20090272422Solar Cell Design and Methods of Manufacture - A solar cell has a first surface and the second surface areas. The first surface is a semi-cylindrical area or modified semi-cylindrical area. The first surface is a flattened area. Sunlight strikes the semi-cylindrical area of the solar cell surface with a maximum incident angle from sunrise to sunset. A mirror may be attached on the top surface of the solar cell to further improve the efficiency.11-05-2009
20120097207RETAINERS FOR ATTACHING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES TO MOUNTING STRUCTURES - Provided are photovoltaic module assemblies configured for improved installation. The assemblies include frameless photovoltaic modules and retainers for supporting the modules on mounting structures. The retainers support the modules at least during cure of adhesive materials provided between the modules and the mounting structures. Once cured, the adhesive materials provide permanent support to the modules. The retainers may interlock with the mounting structures during installation or be integral components of the structures. In certain embodiments, retainers are used to control a gap between the modules and mounting structures. Retainers may be removable and collected after installation is completed. Alternatively, retainers may remain as parts of assemblies at least during some initial period. Retainers may be made from various degradable materials, such as biodegradable plastics, UV degradable plastics, and/or water soluble materials. Provided also are methods for installing frameless photovoltaic modules on mounting structures.04-26-2012
20120000502INTEGRATED THIN FILM SOLAR CELL INTERCONNECTION - Photovoltaic modules may include multiple flexible thin film photovoltaic cells electrically connected in series, and laminated to a substantially transparent top sheet having a conductive grid pattern facing the cells. Methods of manufacturing photovoltaic modules including integrated multi-cell interconnections are provided. Methods may include steps of coordinating, integrating, and registering multiple rolls of substrates in continuous processes.01-05-2012
20120097209FABRICATION OF SURFACE TEXTURES BY ION IMPLANTATION FOR ANTIREFLECTION OF SILICON CRYSTALS - The invention relates to a new method of texturing silicon surfaces suited for antireflection based on ion implantation of hydrogen and heavy ions or heavy elements combined with thermal annealing or thermal annealing and oxidation. The addition of the heavy ions or heavy elements allows for a more effective anti-reflective surface than is found when only hydrogen implantation is utilized. The methods used are also time- and cost-effective, as they can utilize already existing semiconductor ion implantation fabrication equipment and reduce the number of necessary steps. The antireflective surfaces are useful for silicon-based solar cells.04-26-2012
20120152304TABBING RIBBON, PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR PANEL, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A SOLAR CELL TABBING RIBBON, MACHINE FOR MANUFACTURING A SOLAR CELL TABBING RIBBON - In various embodiments, a tabbing ribbon for connecting at least one solar cell is provided, wherein the tabbing ribbon at least partially extends in a non-planar manner and includes a non-planar section.06-21-2012
20110315190THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is a thin film solar cell module including series-connected unit cells, wherein a thin film silicon photoelectric conversion unit and a compound semiconductor-containing photoelectric conversion unit are electrically connected in each unit cell. Each unit cell includes at least a transparent electrode, an amorphous silicon-containing photoelectric conversion unit, an intermediate transparent electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion unit, a compound semiconductor-based photoelectric conversion unit, and a metal electrode in this order from the light incident side. In each of the unit cells, the photoelectric conversion unit and the compound semiconductor-based photoelectric conversion unit are connected in series to form a series-connected component. The series-connected component is connected to a first photoelectric conversion unit in parallel via the transparent electrode and the intermediate transparent electrode layer.12-29-2011
20110315188SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells, each of the plurality of solar cells including a substrate and an electrode part positioned on the substrate and an interconnector for electrically connecting adjacent solar cells of the plurality of solar cells to each other, and a conductive adhesive film positioned between the electrode part and the interconnector. The conductive adhesive film electrically connects the electrode part of each solar cell to the interconnector. The conductive adhesive film includes a resin having a first thickness in an overlap area of the conductive adhesive film, the electrode part and the interconnector, and having conductive particles, which are dispersed in the resin, and which have irregular shapes.12-29-2011
20110315187PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - One embodiment of the invention provides a photovoltaic module capable of preventing a reduction in insulation resistance. The photovoltaic module includes a photoelectric conversion element including a substrate and a photoelectric conversion layer that is formed on the substrate, a protective member that is adhered to a light incident surface of the photoelectric conversion element with a sealing member interposed therebetween and protects a light incident surface of the photovoltaic module, a reinforcing member that is adhered to a surface opposite to the light incident surface of the photovoltaic module with a sealing member interposed therebetween and protects the photovoltaic module, and an insulating sheet that is provided between the photoelectric conversion element and the reinforcing member to insulate the photoelectric conversion element.12-29-2011
20100193007Thin Film Solar Cell Module And Method For Repairing The Same - This invention discloses a thin film solar cell module and method for repairing the same. The method for repairing the thin film solar cell module comprises the steps of: inspecting a plurality of unit cells so as to determine the abnormal unit cell(s) according to a loss of power generation efficiency; inspecting the abnormal unit cell(s) so as to determine a suitable separation groove; and filling-in the suitable outside separation groove so that the abnormal unit cell is electrically short connected with an adjacent unit cell of the abnormal unit cell.08-05-2010
20110315191METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE - A frameless solar cell panel includes: a stacked body (12-29-2011
20110315189ACRYLIC PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE BACKSHEET - The invention relates to an acrylic layer (in the form of a coating, film or sheet) useful as part of a photovoltaic module backsheet. The acrylic layer contains at least 40 percent of one or more acrylic polymers, including an acrylic polymer matrix and optionally acrylic impact modifiers. The acrylic polymer is preferably a polymer, copolymer, or terpolymer containing at least 50 weight percent of methylmethacrylate monomer units. The acrylic layer is flexible and optionally contains high levels of white pigment. It may also contain fluoropolymers such as polyvinylidene fluoride to improve weathering, processibility and film formation. The acrylic layer adheres to a polymer support layer such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET). A preferred substrate is PET that is pre-treated to improve adhesion, but unprimed PET can also be used. The backsheet provides excellent weatherability, environmental stability and reflectivity as part of a photovoltaic module.12-29-2011
20110315186Method of manufacturing thin crystalline silicon solar cells using recrystallization - Embodiments of the invention provide a thin single crystalline silicon film solar cell and methods of forming the same. The method includes forming a thin single crystalline silicon layer on a silicon growth substrate, followed by forming front or rear solar cell structures on and/or in the thin single crystalline silicon film. The method also includes attaching the thin single crystalline silicon film to a mechanical carrier and then separating the growth substrate from the thin single crystalline silicon film along a cleavage plane formed between the growth substrate and the thin single crystalline silicon film. Front or rear solar cell structures are then formed on and/or in the thin single crystalline silicon film opposite the mechanical carrier to complete formation of the solar cell.12-29-2011
20110315184PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE WITH IMPROVED BUS TAPE TO FOIL RIBBON CONTACT - A photovoltaic (PV) module, and associated method of making, includes a substrate having a plurality of individual serially connected solar cells defined thereon. A bus tape is applied to the substrate generally at each opposite longitudinal end thereof. The bus tapes are applied over the extreme opposite solar cells for collecting the charge generated by the plurality of solar cells. A conductive member, such as a foil ribbon, is connected between the bus tapes and to an intermediate junction box that is configured for delivering the generated charge to an external load or other component. At a point of electrical connection between the bus tapes and the foil ribbon, the bus tapes are disposed beneath the foil ribbon and a conductive adhesive material, such as a solder, is between the foil ribbon and bus tapes.12-29-2011
20110315185METALLIC GRIDLINES AS FRONT CONTACTS OF A CADMIUM TELLURIDE BASED THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - Cadmium telluride based thin film photovoltaic devices are generally described. The device can include a transparent conductive oxide layer on a substrate. A plurality of metal gridlines can directly contact the transparent conductive oxide layer, and can be oriented in a first direction. A cadmium sulfide layer can be included on the transparent conductive oxide layer, and a cadmium telluride layer can be included on the cadmium sulfide layer. A plurality of scribe lines can be defined through the thickness of the cadmium sulfide layer and the cadmium telluride layer to define a plurality of photovoltaic cells such that the plurality of scribe lines are oriented in a second direction that intersects with the first direction.12-29-2011
20120042928OUTDOOR PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATOR - An outdoor photovoltaic generator is provided that has a plurality of straight, parallel rows of rectangular photovoltaic modules that are located on a substructure, each of which comprises a plurality of photovoltaic cells. The photovoltaic cells are arranged on each photovoltaic module such that, in the event of a shading extending parallel to an edge of the photovoltaic module, the energy conversion and transport function of the remaining, unshaded photovoltaic cells or photovoltaic cell regions of the photovoltaic module is maintained. The substructure provides equal inclination of the photovoltaic modules with respect to south. The rows with respect to the east-west direction are installed rotated at an angle between 10° and 40° toward the northeast or toward the northwest. In exchange for acceptance of a reduction in the total output of photovoltaically produced energy as seen over the course of the day, the arrangement permits a displacement of the maximum output to a time of day other than 12:00 noon.02-23-2012
20120042929ELECTRICAL CONTACT - A photovoltaic device with a low-resistance stable electrical back contact is disclosed. The photovoltaic device can have a CuTe02-23-2012
20120042930DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL AND DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - A dye-sensitized solar cell comprising at least a catalyst layer; a porous insulating layer containing an electrolyte in the inside; a porous semiconductor layer adsorbing a sensitizing dye and containing an electrolyte in the inside; and a second conductive layer laminated on a first conductive layer, wherein a contact face between the porous insulating layer or the porous semiconductor layer and the catalyst layer or the second conductive layer laminated adjacent to each other has an uneven form with a surface roughness coefficient Ra in a range of 0.05 to 0.3 μm.02-23-2012
20120042927PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE FRONT CONTACT - A photovoltaic module may contain a front contact configured to transfer electrical current from the module.02-23-2012
20120042926Photoelectric Conversion Module and Manufacturing Method Thereof - A photoelectric conversion module in which an output voltage defect is suppressed is obtained by forming in parallel over a substrate n number (n is a natural number) of integrated photoelectric conversion devices each including a plurality of cells that are connected in series, and electrically connecting in parallel n−1 number or less of integrated photoelectric conversion devices with normal electrical characteristics and excluding an integrated photoelectric conversion device with a characteristic defect such as a short-circuit between top and bottom electrodes or a leak current due to a structural defect or the like formed in a semiconductor layer or the like.02-23-2012
20120042925Solar Cell String And Solar Module Equipped With Such Solar Cell String - A solar cell string contains a solar cell (02-23-2012
20120042924SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module is discussed. The solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells, each solar cell including a substrate and an electrode part positioned at a surface of the substrate, an interconnector electrically connecting at least one of the solar cells to another of the solar cells; and a first conductive adhesive film including a first resin and a plurality of first conductive particles dispersed in the first resin. The first conductive adhesive film is positioned between the electrode part of the at least one solar cell and the interconnector to electrically connect the electrode part of the at least one solar cell to the interconnector. A contact surface between the first conductive particles and the interconnector is an uneven surface.02-23-2012
20120042923Thin Film Solar Cell and Thin Film Solar Cell System - A thin film solar cell includes a substrate, a plurality of photovoltaic cells and at least one control unit. The photovoltaic cells generate a photocurrent respectively. Each photovoltaic cell includes a first conductive layer disposed on the substrate, a photovoltaic layer and a second conductive layer. The photovoltaic layer disposed on the first conductive layer has an opening exposing the first conductive layer. The second conductive layer disposed on the photovoltaic layer is connected electrically to the first conductive layer of the adjacent photovoltaic cell through the opening. The control unit is connected to at least one of the photovoltaic cell electrically. When the photocurrent generated by at least one of the photovoltaic cells is different from the photocurrent generated by other photovoltaic cells, the control unit provided a compensable current to the first photovoltaic cell to make the photocurrents provided by the overall photovoltaic cells being matched.02-23-2012
20120060894PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module capable of suppressing separation of a tab electrode can be obtained. The photovoltaic module includes a plurality of semiconductor layers including a photoelectric conversion layer, a plurality of photovoltaic elements including a finger electrode for collecting generated currents, formed on the semiconductor layers on a side of a light receiving surface, and a tab electrode for electrically connecting the plurality of photovoltaic elements, in which the tab electrode is electrically connected to the finger electrode in a region corresponding to a power generation region of the photovoltaic element and bonded on the light receiving surface through an insulating bonding material.03-15-2012
20120060891PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A multilayered structure including a first barrier layer adjacent to a substrate, a barrier bi-layer adjacent to the first barrier layer, the barrier bi-layer comprising a second barrier layer and a third barrier layer, a transparent conductive oxide layer adjacent to the barrier bi-layer, and a buffer layer adjacent to the transparent conductive oxide layer and method of forming the same. A multilayered substrate including a barrier layer structure having a plurality of barrier layers being alternating layers of low refractive index material and high refractive index material, a transparent conductive oxide layer adjacent to the barrier bi-layer and a buffer layer adjacent to the transparent conductive oxide layer. The multilayered structure may serve as a front contact for photovoltaic devices.03-15-2012
20120204933SOLAR CELL MODULE - In order to provide a see-through solar cell module in which the manufacturing costs can be reduced and transmittance can be readily modified without modifying the manufacturing steps, there is provided a solar cell module comprising solar cells in which are layered a conductive substrate, and a lower electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and an upper electrode layer in the stated order on the conductive substrate; the solar cell module having a configuration in which a plurality of through-openings that pass through the conductive substrate to the upper electrode layer in the layering direction is formed over the entire surface of the solar cells.08-16-2012
20120055534Photovoltaic Devices with High Work-Function TCO Buffer Layers and Methods of Manufacture - Embodiments of the invention are directed to photovoltaic cells comprising a substantially optically transparent buffer layer on a superstrate and a photoabsorber layer on the buffer layer. The buffer layer of detailed embodiments has a work function greater than or equal to about the work function of the photoabsorber layer. Additional embodiments of the invention are directed to photovoltaic modules comprises a plurality of photovoltaic cells and methods of making photovoltaic cells and photovoltaic modules.03-08-2012
20120055533WIRE MESH - Wire mesh with warp and weft wires on a mesh surface with tube means spaced apart from each other being woven in on the mesh surface on which slat elements are located in order to serve for shading of the incidence of light. The slat elements can be provided with photovoltaic cells.03-08-2012
20120000506PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A photovoltaic module includes a plurality of solar cells, and a plurality of solar cell separation regions separating adjacent solar cells. Each of the solar cells includes a first electrode layer on a transparent substrate and electrically separated from the first electrode layer of an adjacent solar cell, a second electrode layer over the first electrode layer and electrically separated from the second electrode layer of the adjacent solar cell, first and second electrical and optical photovoltaic layers between the first and second electrode layers, and a conductive interlayer between the first and second photovoltaic layers. At least one of the solar cell separation regions includes a first separation groove which extends through the first electrode layer; and a second separation groove which extends through the first photovoltaic layer which fills the first separation groove, and the interlayer.01-05-2012
20100101628SOLAR PANEL WITH POLYMERIC COVER - A solar panel has a face which can be directed towards the sun for generating heat or electricity. The solar panel face is protected by a polymeric coating. The polymeric coating includes a polyimide polymer made by reacting at least one acid monomer with at least one diamine monomer to form the polyimide polymer backbone. The monomers are selected such that the polyimide backbone includes at least one non-terminal attachment point. An oligomeric silsesquioxane compound is attached to the polyimide backbone by reacting a functional group to the attachment point, where the functional group is connected to the oligomeric silsesquioxane compound. The polymeric compound can provide a relatively lightweight protective layer for the solar panel, which can reduce the total weight of the solar panel.04-29-2010
20110017260SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module is provided comprising a power generation unit having a plurality of thin film solar battery cells, an electricity extraction unit having a front side electrode which is connected to a thin film solar battery cell positioned at an end of the power generation unit, a tab electrode formed over the electricity extraction unit and configured to extract electricity generated by the power generation unit, a solder joint which joins the front side electrode and the tab electrode, and a tab line provided to extract electricity from the tab electrode and joined to the tab electrode by solder at a position overlapping the solder joint in a plan view.01-27-2011
20110155209Thin film solar cell and photovoltaic string assembly - The present invention relates to a thin film solar cell, in particular in strip-like farm, a photovoltaic string assembly comprising at least two solar cells according to the invention, a method of manufacturing a solar cell according to the Invention, a method of electrically connecting at least two solar cells according to the invention and a method of producing a photovoltaic string assembly comprising the solar cells of the invention.06-30-2011
20110155208SEMICONDUCTOR HETEROJUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELL WITH A CHARGE BLOCKING LAYER - A heterojunction photovoltaic device comprises a chemically-doped n-type semiconductor layer, a charge-blocking layer that can have a compositionally graded configuration, and a chemically-doped p-type semiconductor layer. The charge-blocking layer can significantly reduce interfacial recombination of electrons and holes, increase open circuit voltage (Voc), and increase overall photovoltaic device efficiency.06-30-2011
20110155207SOLAR CELLS AND METHOD OF MAKING SOLAR CELLS - A multi junction photovoltaic cell includes at least two P-N junctions electrically connected to each other in series. Each P-N junction includes a P-type absorber layer and a N-type emitter layer, each P-type absorber layer including a plurality of alternating thin film layers of zinc telluride and lead telluride, wherein zinc telluride and lead telluride have respective bandgaps when in bulk thickness and the effective bandgap of each P-type absorber layer is between the respective bandgaps, The effective bandgap of at least one P-type absorber layer is different from that of at least one other P-type absorber layer.06-30-2011
20110155204WIRE TYPE THIN FILM SOLAR CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Disclosed herein is a wire type thin film solar cell, including: a metal wire which is made of any one selected from the group consisting of aluminum (Al), titanium (Ti), chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo) and tungsten (W); an N-type layer which is deposited on a circumference of the metal wire and conducts electrons generated from the metal wire; a P-type layer which is deposited on the N-type layer and emits electrons excited by solar light; and a transparent electrode layer which is deposited on the P-type layer. The wire type thin film solar cell can exhibit high photoelectric conversion efficiency compared to conventional flat-plate type thin film solar cells and can be easily manufactured into a highly-dense solar cell module.06-30-2011
20110155203SOLAR CELL MODULE - There is provided a solar cell module, comprising a solar cell structure formed by electrically connecting a plurality of solar cell strings including a substrate (06-30-2011
20110155206SOLAR TILE STRUCTURE AND COMBINATION THEREOF - A solar tile structure includes a solar panel and a base. The solar panel is supported on an upper surface of the base. A protruding portion is formed on a lateral surface of a first short side of the base, a sunken portion is formed on a lateral surface of a second short side of the base, and the protruding portion of the first short side can be engaged with the sunken portion of the second short side tightly. The second short side of the base and a lateral side of the protruding portion substantially align with two lateral sides of the solar panel.06-30-2011
20120006379DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - A main object of the present invention is to provide a high quality dye-sensitized solar cell module which prevents a discrepancy in the position of a pair of base materials, and does not easily allow the occurrence of connection failure or internal short circuit, and a method for producing a dye-sensitized solar cell module which allows easy production of the dye-sensitized solar cell module. To attain the object, the present invention discloses a dye-sensitized solar cell module comprising: a pair of resin substrates having flexibility, and two or more dye-sensitized solar cells formed between the pair of resin substrates, wherein a fixing member is disposed between adjacent dye-sensitized solar cells, and the fixing member is formed so as to penetrate through from an external side of one of the resin substrates to an external side of the other resin substrate.01-12-2012
20120006377PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE - A photoelectric conversion module is disclosed. The photoelectric conversion module includes a light receiving substrate and a counter substrate facing each other and a first unit photoelectric cell and a second unit photoelectric cell formed between the light receiving substrate and the counter substrate. The first unit photoelectric cell includes a first optical electrode formed on the light receiving substrate and a first counter electrode formed on the counter substrate, a second unit photoelectric cell including a second optical electrode formed on the counter substrate and a second counter electrode formed on the light receiving substrate. The first optical electrode includes a first semiconductor layer, the second optical electrode includes a second semiconductor layer and a first width of the first semiconductor layer is asymmetric to a second width of the second semiconductor layer.01-12-2012
20120006378THIN FILM SOLAR CELL STRINGS - Thin film PV cells and strings of such cells that may be electrically joined with electrical conductors or electroconductive patterns are disclosed. The electrical conductors wrap or fold around the PV cells to form an electrical series connection among those cells. The electrical conductors may be formed or deposited on an electrically insulating sheet, which is then wrapped or folded around those cells. By constructing the electrical conductor and positioning the cells appropriately, an electrical connection is formed between one polarity of a given cell and the opposite polarity of the adjacent cell when the sheet is folded over. One or more dielectric materials may be applied or attached to exposed edges of the cells or conductive traces prior to folding the electrical conductors and/or electrically insulating sheet to prevent shorts or failure points.01-12-2012
20120006380SOLAR CELL WITH CONNECTING SHEET, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND FABRICATION METHOD OF SOLAR CELL WITH CONNECTING SHEET - A method of fabricating a solar cell with a connecting sheet includes a temporary fixing step of bonding at least a portion of a peripheral region of a back electrode type solar cell to a connecting sheet. A method of fabricating a solar cell module includes the step of sealing the solar cell with a connecting sheet obtained by the method on a transparent substrate by a sealing material. A solar cell with a connecting sheet has a first adhesive arranged between a back electrode type solar cell and a connecting sheet, and a second adhesive arranged at least a portion of a peripheral region of the back electrode type solar cell to bond a back electrode type solar cell with a connecting sheet. A solar cell module has the solar cell with a connecting sheet sealed on a transparent substrate by a sealing material.01-12-2012
20090217966THIN-FILM TYPE SOLAR CELL INCLUDING BY-PASS DIODE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - The present invention relates to a photovoltaic conversion apparatus including a by-pass diode and a manufacturing method thereof. The photovoltaic conversion apparatus of the present invention comprises at least one unit solar cell module configured of at least one unit solar cell; and a by-pass solar cell module including at least one solar cell electrically connected to the unit solar cell to by-pass current.09-03-2009
20120204932THIN-FILM SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin-film solar battery module that can avoid a decrease in power generation efficiency caused by influences of meandering of a wiring material, relax a stress due to a difference in a thermal expansion coefficient between a substrate material and the wiring material, and suppress warpage of a substrate and separation of a joined part of an electrode and a wiring. The thin-film solar battery module includes a thin-film solar battery device including serially connecting a plurality of thin-film solar battery cells to each other and a bus bar wiring provided at a positive-side end and a negative-side end of the thin-film solar battery device. Additionally, the bus bar wiring couples a plurality of conductive members to each other in a partially superimposed manner.08-16-2012
20120204926PROCESS AND STRUCTURES FOR FABRICATION OF SOLAR CELLS - Contact holes of solar cells are formed by laser ablation to accommodate various solar cell designs. Use of a laser to form the contact holes is facilitated by replacing films formed on the diffusion regions with a film that has substantially uniform thickness. Contact holes may be formed to deep diffusion regions to increase the laser ablation process margins. The laser configuration may be tailored to form contact holes through dielectric films of varying thicknesses.08-16-2012
20120204928Solar Cell, Solar Module and Method for Manufacturing a Solar Cell - In various embodiments, a solar cell is provided. The solar cell may include a base region doped with dopant of a first doping type; an emitter region doped with dopant of a second doping type, wherein the second doping type is opposite to the first doping type; a plurality of regions in the emitter region having an increased dopant concentration of the second doping type compared with the emitter region; and a plurality of metallic soldering pads, wherein each soldering pad is at least partially arranged on a region having an increased dopant concentration.08-16-2012
20120204925SOLAR CELL, MODULE, ARRAY, NETWORK, AND POWER GRID - The present invention teaches a solar cell, a solar module, a solar array, a network of solar arrays, and also a solar power grid suitable for providing power for industrial, residential and transportation use. A solar cell or solar module including a plurality of solar cells can be made in a structure configured to have the appearance of natural foliage. Accordingly, a solar array including a plurality of solar modules each including at least one solar cell can be made to resemble a palm tree, a deciduous tree, an evergreen tree, or other type of natural foliage. A network of solar arrays can be made to resemble a row or grove of palm trees, and thus meet the functional and aesthetic demands of landscape architecture. The network of solar arrays can extend for many miles alongside roads, highways, railways, pipelines, or canals, and can further include means for storing and transmitting electric power. In particular, a network of solar arrays can be in communication with recharging stations for use by electric and hybrid transportation vehicles. Accordingly, a network of solar arrays can form at least a portion of a solar power grid.08-16-2012
20120012150Photoelectric Conversion Module - A photoelectric conversion module including an island type connecting member. A photoelectric conversion module includes: a first substrate and a second substrate, which are disposed to face each other; a sealing member disposed between the first and second substrates, and defining a plurality of photoelectric cells performing photoelectric conversion; and an island type connecting member connecting neighboring photoelectric cells from among the plurality of photoelectric cells.01-19-2012
20120012152SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - A solar battery cell having a hexagonal shape is divided into four at a straight line connecting between opposed apexes and a straight line connecting between middle points of opposed sides. Two of the divided cells are arranged without being turned upside down such that oblique sides thereof oppose each other; thus, a substantially rectangular-shaped unit is configured. In adjoining two units, an interconnector is routed from a front surface of one of the units to a back surface of the other unit. Thus, the two units are electrically connected to each other through the interconnector. Hence, it is unnecessary to route an interconnector from a front surface of one divided cell to a back surface of another divided cell at a portion where oblique sides of the divided cells oppose each other; therefore, it is unnecessary to secure a large clearance at the portion.01-19-2012
20120012149DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - A dye-sensitized solar cell is disclosed. The dye-sensitized solar cell may include a first substrate and a second substrate positioned to face each other and a plurality of unit cells arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate. Each of the unit cells may include first and second conductive transparent electrodes formed on internal surfaces of the first substrate and the second substrate, respectively. The dye-sensitized solar cell may include a first electrode formed on the first conductive transparent electrode and including an oxide semiconductor layer in which a dye is absorbed and a second electrode positioned on the second conductive transparent electrode opposite to the first electrode. The dye-sensitized solar cell may also include an electrolyte disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode. The second electrode may include an opening.01-19-2012
20120055530JUNCTION BOX AND SOLAR POWER SYSTEM - A solar power system includes a plurality of photovoltaic (PV) modules and a control device. Each PV module includes a plurality of solar cell panels connected in series and a junction box. The junction box detects parameters of the corresponding PV module, generates a reporting signal, and transmits the reporting signal to the control device. The control device receives the reporting signals from the plurality of PV modules, compares a stored amount of the plurality of PV modules with an amount of the received reporting signals to determine if the plurality of PV modules are abnormal, and generates a state indication signal according to the determination. The control device further transmits the state indication signal to corresponding junction boxes according to identifications of the corresponding PV modules in the received reporting signals to make the corresponding junction boxes indicate states accordingly.03-08-2012
20120012153CONNECTION SHEET FOR SOLAR BATTERY CELL ELECTRODE, PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - Disclosed is a connection sheet for a solar battery cell electrode, which is a polymer sheet for use in the connection between an electrode for extracting an electric power from a solar battery cell and a wiring member through an electrically conductive adhesive material by heating and pressurizing, and which is intercalated between a heating/pressurizing member and the wiring member upon use.01-19-2012
20120055535Photovoltaic Devices With Textured Glass Superstrate - Embodiments of the invention are directed to photovoltaic cells comprising a textured superstrate, a front contact layer, a photoabsorber layer and a back contact layer. The textured superstrate has a plurality of craters with an average opening angle, an average aspect ratio and an average depth. Methods of making such photovoltaic cells and photovoltaic modules are also described.03-08-2012
20120055532SEMICONDUCTOR OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE - A semiconductor optoelectronic device comprises a growth substrate; a semiconductor epitaxial stack formed on the growth substrate comprising a sacrificial layer with electrical conductivity formed on the growth substrate; a first semiconductor material layer having a first electrical conductivity formed on the sacrificial layer, and a second semiconductor material layer having a second electrical conductivity formed on the first semiconductor material layer; and a first electrode directly formed on the growth substrate and electrically connected to the semiconductor epitaxial stack via the growth substrate.03-08-2012
20120055531SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND MOBILE APPARATUS WITH THE SOLAR CELL MODULE - The present invention provides a solar cell module including: a light transmitting plate having light transmittance; solar cells having bonding pads and conductive bumps bonded to the bonding pads; an adhesive film disposed between the light transmitting plate and the solar cells to bond the light transmitting plate and the solar cells; and a conductive pad disposed by being inserted in the adhesive film and surrounding and electrically connecting the conductive bumps of the adjacent solar cells.03-08-2012
20120055529JUNCTION BOX - A junction box connected to a plurality of solar cell panels connected in series and under control a control device, includes a plurality of diodes, two ports, a switch, and a communication module. The plurality of diodes is forwardly connected in series to form a diode string with two ends, and each of the plurality of diodes is electrically connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of solar cell panels in parallel. The two ports are respectively connected to the two ends of the diode string and the plurality of solar cell panels, and output DC power of the plurality of solar cell panels. The switch is connected between the diode string and the two ports. The communication module is connected to the switch, and receives control signals from the control device to turn on or off the switch to control output of the DC power of the solar cell panels from the two ports.03-08-2012
20120204929Solar Battery and Method for Manufacturing the Same - A solar battery according to the embodiment of the present invention comprises a plurality of solar battery cells formed on a first area of a substrate to include an rear electrode pattern, an light-absorbing layer, an buffer layer and an front electrode layer respectively; a metal film pattern formed on a second area of the substrate to electrically connect to each a plurality of solar battery cells and space each other; and a connection unit formed between the mutually spaced metal film patterns.08-16-2012
20120204930THIN-LAYER SOLAR MODULE HAVING IMPROVED INTERCONNECTION OF SOLAR CELLS AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF - A thin-layer solar module includes a plurality of interconnected solar cells, having in the order indicated the layers (a) a substrate 08-16-2012
20120204924Photovoltaic module and method - A photovoltaic module has solar cells electrically interconnected by string ribbons and bus ribbons adhered to a dielectric strip are located on both ends of the solar cell strings and are electrically connected to the string ribbons. The bus ribbon assembly includes a dielectric strip having a length for disposal coextensively with the photovoltaic module side and the bus ribbons are configured on the dielectric strip to register with corresponding string ribbons when the dielectric strip is disposed coextensively with the photovoltaic module.08-16-2012
20120111388Solar Battery and Method For Manufacturing The Same - The solar battery according to embodiments includes a substrate having an effective area and an edge area disposed outside the effective area; and a solar battery cell formed on the effective area of the substrate and comprising a first electrode, a light absorbing layer, and a second electrode. A step portion is formed on the substrate corresponding to the edge area.05-10-2012
20110061713Apparatuses and Methods to Reduce Safety Risks Associated with Photovoltaic Systems - Apparatuses and methods to reduce safety risks associated with photovoltaic systems by providing a safety switch on a photovoltaic panel. In one embodiment, a photovoltaic panel includes: at least one photovoltaic cell; a connector to output energy from the photovoltaic panel; and a switch coupled between the at least one photovoltaic cell and the connector. The switch is configured to disconnect the at least one photovoltaic cell from the connector during installation of the photovoltaic panel, and to connect the at least one photovoltaic cell with the connector after installation of the photovoltaic panel.03-17-2011
20120204931METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ORGANIC THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is an organic thin film solar cell module that does not impair functions and in which layers are isolated. A method is for manufacturing an organic thin film solar cell module (08-16-2012
20120060892SOLAR CELL MODULE AND LAMINATING METHOD - Aspects of the invention relate to connecting internal wiring lines to multiple sheet-shaped photoelectric conversion elements without damaging flexibility. Sub-metal foil lines can be arranged so as to come into contact with rear electrode layers of photoelectric conversion elements. The sub-metal foil line can be fixed to the rear electrode layer by an adhesive tape. In addition, the sub-metal foil line can be folded such that a main metal foil line is interposed between the folded portions of the sub-metal foil line. In this way, the main metal foil line is connected to the sub-metal foil line. The sub-metal foil line can be fixed to the rear electrode layer by an adhesive tape.03-15-2012
20120060893STACKED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A back metal electrode, a bottom cell using microcrystalline silicon for a photoelectric conversion layer, a front cell using amorphous silicon for a photoelectric conversion layer, and a transparent front electrode are formed in this order on a supporting substrate. At least one of the concentration of impurities contained in the front photoelectric conversion layer and the concentration of impurities contained in the bottom photoelectric conversion layer is controlled such that the concentration of impurities in the bottom photoelectric conversion layer is higher than the concentration of impurities in the front photoelectric conversion layer. Impurities do not include a p-type dopant or an n-type dopant but are any one, two, or all of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen.03-15-2012
20120060890SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Provided are a solar cell module and a manufacturing method thereof. The solar cell module includes a substrate having a first region and a second region; a first electrode disposed on the substrate, in the first region and the second region; and an upper cell disposed in the first region; and a lower cell disposed in the second region. The upper cell and the lower cell each include a first semiconductor layer, an intermediate layer, a second semiconductor layer, and a second electrode that are sequentially stacked. The threshold voltage in the lower cell is lower than the threshold voltage in the upper cell.03-15-2012
20120211047STRING INTERCONNECTION OF INVERTED METAMORPHIC MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS ON FLEXIBLE PERFORATED CARRIERS - A method of forming a multijunction solar cell string by mounting first and second multijunction solar cells on a first side of a perforated carrier; attaching a first electrical interconnect to the contact pad of said first multijunction solar cell, the electrical interconnect extending through said perforated carrier; attaching a second electrical interconnect to the metal contact layer of said second multijunction solar cell, the electrical interconnect extending through said perforated carrier; and connecting said first electrical interconnect to said second electrical interconnect.08-23-2012
20120211048WET SOLAR CELL AND WET SOLAR CELL MODULE - A wet solar cell includes a substrate having a light-receiving surface, a seal portion disposed opposite to the substrate, a first electrode formed on the top surface of a side of the substrate that is opposite to the seal portion, an insulating frame disposed between the first electrode and the seal portion to surround four sides so that a space is formed inside the insulating frame, a photoelectric conversion portion formed on a top surface of the first electrode, and a second electrode formed to extend toward the seal portion from a top surface of another first electrode adjacent to the first electrode and having a top surface partially located opposite to the seal portion. In the space, a gap communicating with the portion between the insulating frame and the photoelectric conversion portion is formed between the second electrode and the seal portion.08-23-2012
20120152301CENTER-TAPPED SOLAR ARRAY AND POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM FOR SAME - A center-tapped solar array includes a plurality of series-connected solar cells connected between a positive terminal and a negative terminal for generating an output voltage. A center-tapped terminal connected to ground is connected to the plurality of series-connected solar cells at a midpoint between the positive and negative terminals. As a result, the positive terminal of the solar array has a positive voltage relative to ground greater than the center-tapped terminal and the negative terminal has a negative voltage relative to ground less than the center-tapped terminal.06-21-2012
20120152300Use of photovoltaic array string wiring as antenna and transmission line for wired and wireless data communications - An apparatus includes terminals configured to be coupled to a string wiring of a photovoltaic string. The apparatus also includes a power controller configured to control a power provided over the string wiring by a photovoltaic panel in the photovoltaic string. The apparatus further includes a wireless radio configured to at least one of transmit and receive wireless signals using the string wiring as an antenna. The wireless signals contain data associated with the photovoltaic panel and/or the power controller. For example, the wireless radio could be configured to receive a first signal containing a command for the power controller from the string wiring and to provide the command to the power controller. The wireless radio could also be configured to receive an acknowledgement associated with the command from the power controller and to transmit a second signal containing the acknowledgement over the string wiring for wireless transmission.06-21-2012
20120152299Solar Cell And Solar Cell Module With Improved Read-Side Electrodes, And Production Method - The present invention relates to rear-side contact solar cells and also solar cell modules manufactured therefrom, said modules having a special electrode structure, and also to a method for the production thereof. The electrodes, via which the current of the rear-side contact cell is tapped, are thereby separated by an insulating layer from the finger contacts which are in contact with the n- or p-semiconductor element of the solar cell through an insulating layer. The method makes possible a substantial simplification relative to the production methods described in the state of the art by means of spatial decoupling of the structuring of the electrodes from the solar cell.06-21-2012
20120103383Photovoltaic Device and Method and System for Making Photovoltaic Device - A photovoltaic device is made using a method and a system disclosed herein. The method may comprise: providing a web of photovoltaic material; providing a web of interconnect material; cutting the web of photovoltaic material into a plurality of photovoltaic cells; cutting the web of interconnect material into a plurality of interconnects; providing a respective one of the plurality of interconnects between adjacent photovoltaic cells to electrically connect a first string of photovoltaic cells in series; and laminating the first string of photovoltaic cells which are electrically connected in series between a top laminating sheet and a bottom laminating sheet. The system may comprise: a first conveyor, an optical inspection apparatus, a removal apparatus, a sorter, a second conveyor, and an assembly apparatus configured to place an interconnect between adjacent photovoltaic cells to electrically connect a first string of photovoltaic cells in series.05-03-2012
20100024862Substrate Provided with Transparent Conductive Film for Photoelectric Conversion Device, Method for Manufacturing the Substrate, and Photoelectric Conversion Device Using the Substrate - Provided in this invention is a low-cost substrate provided with a transparent conductive film for photoelectric conversion device, which can improve performance of the photoelectric conversion device by enhanced light confinement effect achieved with effectively increased surface unevenness of the substrate. A method for manufacturing said substrate and a photoelectric conversion device using said substrate which can show improved performance are also provided. The substrate provided with the transparent conductive film for the photoelectric conversion device comprises a transparent insulating substrate and a transparent electrode layer containing at least zinc oxide deposited on the transparent insulating substrate, wherein the transparent electrode layer is composed of a double layer structure wherein first and second transparent conductive films are deposited in this order from a substrate side. The transparent conductive film has an average film thickness of 10-500 nm, and the second transparent conductive film has an average film thickness of 300-1,500 nm. The average film thickness of the second transparent conductive film is larger than that of the first transparent conductive film, and an average height difference of the unevenness on the surface of the second transparent conductive film is 10-300 nm, which is larger than that of the first transparent conductive film.02-04-2010
20110094562SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Provided is a solar battery module wherein solar battery cells are electrically connected to each other by using a wiring board having a predetermined wiring pattern formed on a resin base material. A method for manufacturing such solar battery module is also provided. In the wiring board of the solar battery module, a direction wherein a design margin is small is permitted to be a direction wherein the thermal contraction ratio of the resin base material is small, by the shape of an electrode pattern on the solar battery cell and that of the wiring pattern on the wiring board. At the time of manufacturing such solar battery module, temperature in a heat treatment step is set at 100° C. or higher but not higher than 180° C. Electrode designing at a fine pitch is made possible and the solar battery module exhibits high solar battery characteristics, even when the solar battery cells are connected by using wiring boards composed of various types of resin materials having thermal compression ratio not sufficiently low.04-28-2011
20110094561DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL, METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME, AND DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided are a dye-sensitized solar cell wherein a counter electrode composed of a stable counter electrode conductive layer and a catalyst layer is formed on a porous insulation layer, and a dye-sensitized solar cell module wherein the dye-sensitized solar cell is utilized. A dye-sensitized solar cell includes a supporting body made of a light-transmissive material, and a laminate wherein a conductive layer, a photoelectric conversion layer having a porous semiconductor layer with a dye adsorbed therein, a porous insulation layer, a counter electrode conductive layer, and a catalyst layer are laminated in the order presented. The photoelectric conversion layer and the porous insulation lay are filled with a carrier transport material.04-28-2011
20110094560DIRECT MOUNTED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH IMPROVED SIDE CLIP - The present invention is premised upon a photovoltaic assembly system for securing and/or aligning at least a plurality of vertically adjacent photovoltaic device assemblies to one another. The securing function being accomplished by a clip member that may be a separate component or integral to one or more of the photovoltaic device assemblies.04-28-2011
20110094559SOLAR CANOPY SUPPORT SYSTEM - The solar canopy support system has at least two beam support columns. Each beam support column has a first end connected to a ground surface and extends substantially vertically along a longitudinal axis from the first end to a second end. There is also a “C”-channel support beam connected at the second end of each beam support column. The “C”-channel support beam includes a longitudinal axis within about 0 degrees to about 30 degrees of perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of each beam support column. There are also two or more “C”-channels. Each “C”-channel has a first end connected to an upper portion of one “C”-channel support beam and has a second end connected to an upper portion of another “C”-channel support beam. Each “C”-channel includes a longitudinal axis substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of each “C”-channel support beam; at least one solar power array connected on an upper portion of at least two “C”-channels.04-28-2011
20110061714Polyvinyl Acetal Films Containing Cyclohexane-1,2-Dicarboxylic Acid Esters As A Plasticizer - A plasticizer-containing film of polyvinyl acetal having a softening temperature Tg of less than 74° C. contains at least one cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid ester as a plasticizer. The plasticizer-containing films have a low tendency for sweating of the plasticizer, and are useful in producing laminate safety glasses and photovoltaic modules.03-17-2011
20110067745Highly Efficient Solar Power Systems - Different systems to achieve solar power conversion are provided in at least three different general aspects, with circuitry that can be used to harvest maximum power from a solar source (03-24-2011
20120152305SOLAR CELL MODULE HAVING INTERCONNECTOR AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A solar cell module having an interconnector and a method of fabricating the same are disclosed. The solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells and an interconnector including a first area electrically connected to one of two adjacent solar cells of the plurality of solar cells, a second area electrically connected to the other of the two adjacent solar cells, and a third area connecting the first area to the second area. At least one of the first area and the second area of the interconnector has at least one uneven surface, and the third area of the interconnector has a substantially planarized surface.06-21-2012
20120152303Organic Solar Cell or Photodetector Having Improved Absorption - The invention relates to an organic photoactive component, especially a solar cell or a photodetector, built up from a plurality of layers, wherein at least one of the layers comprises at least one di-indeno[1,2,3-cd:1′,2′,3′-lm]perylene compound of the general formula in Illustration 06-21-2012
20120152302Diode-Included Connector, Photovoltaic Laminate and Photovoltaic Assembly Using Same - One embodiment relates to a connector that includes a diode. The diode has an anode and a cathode. The connector further includes a first electrical connection which connects to the anode, a second electrical connection which also connects to the anode, and a third electrical connection which connects to the cathode. Another embodiment relates to a photovoltaic laminate which includes a string of photovoltaic cells and three electrical conductors extending out of two discrete penetrations of the laminate. A first electrical conductor is connected to a first end of the string, a second electrical conductor is connected to a second end of the string, and a third electrical conductor is also connected to the second end of the string. The first and third electrical conductors extend out of the first discrete penetration, while the second electrical conductor extends out of the second discrete penetration. Other features and embodiments are also disclosed.06-21-2012
20090101191PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM - The photovoltaic system includes a plurality of photovoltaic modules which are connected to form a string or several strings connected in parallel, thereby forming a photovoltaic generator having a positive terminal and negative terminal. A DC constant voltage source connected to the photovoltaic generator to raise the potential of the positive terminal relative to ground potential. This reduces the flow of electrons out of the TCO layer of the modules, thereby reducing or completely eliminating cathode discharges which damage the modules.04-23-2009
20120103384INFORMATION INPUT MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THE SAME - An information input module for an electronic device includes a substrate, a first electrode made up of transparent conductive materials, a second electrode, and a solar cell layer disposed between the first and second electrodes. The solar cell layer includes a plurality of solar cells electrically insulated from each other. The plurality of solar cells generates electrical signals in response to a user's operations to activate functions of the electronic device. The first electrode is disposed between the substrate and the solar cell layer. Both the first and second electrodes are electrically connected to each of the plurality of solar cells for transmitting the electrical signals to the electronic device. The electrical signals reflect changes of electrical parameters of one or more solar cells of the plurality of solar cells when light beams are blocked from reaching on, wholly or partially, the one or more solar cells.05-03-2012
20100037932SYSTEM FOR SIMULTANEOUS TABBING AND STRINGING OF SOLAR CELLS - A method for stringing photovoltaic (PV) cells together and a system for the combined tabbing and stringing of photovoltaic (PV) cells for assembly into solar cell arrays. Multiple ribbons are first soldered simultaneously (or nearly so) to the front and back surfaces of individual PV cells (tabbing). After tabbing, PV cells are then loaded into a stringer subsystem which solders the front side ribbons of a first PV cell to the back side ribbons of the neighboring PV cell to form strings of PV cells wired in series. The tabber stringer system then loads completed strings into a frame containing a solar cell array being manufactured. The dual-ribbon method of PV cell interconnection reduces the electrical resistance between the cells in a string, thereby raising the solar cell array output power.02-18-2010
20120103389SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells each including a substrate, an emitter region positioned at a back surface of the substrate, first electrodes electrically connected to the emitter region, second electrodes electrically connected to the substrate, a first current collector connecting the first electrodes, and a second current collector connecting the second electrodes, and a first connector connecting a first current collector of a first solar cell of the plurality of solar cells to a second current collector of a second solar cell adjacent to the first solar cell. The first current collector of the first solar cell and the second current collector of the second solar cell have a different polarity.05-03-2012
20120103386SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - Disclosed is a solar battery module in which there are alternately provided: a first solar battery cell equipped with a first conductive substrate having a photoreceptor face and non-photoreceptor face, and electrodes having mutually different polarity respectively formed on the photoreceptor face and non-photoreceptor face; and a second solar battery cell equipped with a second conductive substrate having a photoreceptor face and non-photoreceptor face, and electrodes having mutually different polarity respectively formed on the photoreceptor face and non-photoreceptor face.05-03-2012
20120103385SOLAR CELL PANEL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell panel and a method for manufacturing the same are discussed. The solar cell panel includes a plurality of solar cells each including a substrate and a plurality of electrode parts positioned on a surface of the substrate, an interconnector electrically connecting the electrode parts of adjacent ones of the plurality of solar cells to one another, and conductive adhesive films including a resin and a plurality of conductive particles dispersed in the resin. The conductive adhesive films is pressed between the electrode parts and the interconnector to electrically connect the electrode parts to the interconnector. A plurality of uneven portions are positioned on at least one of an upper surface and a lower surface of the interconnector.05-03-2012
20120103390Solar Cell Apparatus - Provided is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes a substrate, a first cell disposed on the substrate, and a second cell disposed on the substrate around the first cell.05-03-2012
20120103388MONOLITHIC MODULE ASSEMBLY USING BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELLS AND METAL RIBBON - Embodiments of the invention contemplate the formation of a solar cell module comprising an array of interconnected solar cells that are formed using an automated processing sequence that is used to form a novel planar solar cell interconnect structure. In one embodiment, the module structure described herein includes a patterned adhesive layer that is disposed on a backsheet to receive and bond a plurality of conducting ribbons thereon. The substantially planar bonded conducting ribbons are then used to interconnect an array of solar cell devices to form a solar cell module that can be electrically connected to one or more external components, such as an electrical power grid, satellites, electronic devices or other similar power requiring units. Embodiments of the invention may further provide a roll-to-roll system that is configured to serially form a plurality of solar cell modules over different portions of a backsheet material received from a roll of backsheet material.05-03-2012
20100095998LOW RESISTANCE TUNNEL JUNCTIONS FOR HIGH EFFICIENCY TANDEN SOLAR CELLS - A semiconductor structure comprises a first photovoltaic cell comprising a first material, and a second photovoltaic cell comprising a second material and connected in series to the first photovoltaic cell. The conduction band edge of the first material adjacent the second material is at most 0.1 eV higher than a valence band edge of the second material adjacent the material. Preferably, the first material of the first photovoltaic cell comprises ln].χAlχN or lnt_yGayN and the second material of the second photovoltaic cell comprises silicon or germanium. Alternatively, the first material of the first photovoltaic cell comprises InAs or InAsSb and the second material of the second photovoltaic cell comprises GaSb or GaAsSb.04-22-2010
20110180125SOLAR PANELS FOR RECEIVING SCATTERED LIGHT - The subject matter disclosed herein relates to solar panels to generate electrical energy. In particular, solar panels configured to efficiently receive scattered light are disclosed.07-28-2011
20110180124PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - A photovoltaic cell comprises an electrode layer (07-28-2011
20110180123SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module includes a solar cell, a front protection plate disposed on a front side of the solar cell, and protrusions and depressions formed on a surface of the front protection plate, wherein the protrusions and depressions have a pitch equal to or less than a wavelength of visible light.07-28-2011
20110180122FLOATING GRID MODULE DESIGN FOR THIN FILM SILICON SOLAR CELLS - A photovoltaic device is provided. In one embodiment, a photovoltaic device includes a transparent conductive oxide (TCO) layer deposited over the substrate, and a plurality of electrical conductive paths disposed in electrical contact with the TCO layer, wherein the plurality of electrical conductive paths extend discontinuously across opposing sides of the substrate.07-28-2011
20110088748GRID-INTERACTIVE PHOTOVOLTAIC GENERATION SYSTEM WITH POWER QUALITY CONTROL AND ENERGY SAVING - Disclosed here is a grid-interactive photovoltaic generation system having power quality improvement and power saving functions. The grid-interactive photovoltaic generation system includes a solar cell array, a first inverter, and a second inverter. The solar cell array receives solar light and generates predetermined power. The first inverter converts the power, generated by the solar cell array, into power required by a grid line. The second inverter is connected to the first inverter, and steps down power, which will be supplied to a load, to an appropriate voltage.04-21-2011
20110088750SELECTIVE REMOVAL AND CONTRACTING OF THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS - A method for manufacturing a thin film solar cell device including a CIGS based thin film solar cell module (04-21-2011
20110088749SOLAR CELL MODULE - In a solar cell module in which each lead wire is disposed on a back face electrode film of a solar cell string with one end thereof connected to an electrode lead-out portion provided at an end of the solar cell string and the other end of the lead wire is bent so as to stand up from the face of the back face electrode film to form an output lead portion, in the output lead portion, only one side of a tip-side portion of the lead wire including a bent portion is coated with an insulating film.04-21-2011
20110088747PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A photovoltaic cell module including a plurality of serially connected photovoltaic cells on a common substrate, each including a first electrode, a printed light-harvesting layer and a printed second electrode, wherein at least one of the electrodes is transparent, and wherein the second electrode of a first cell is printed such that it forms an electrical contact with the first electrode of an adjacent second cell without forming an electrical contact with the first electrode of the first cell or the light-harvesting layer of the second cell, and a method of making such photovoltaic cell modules.04-21-2011
20110088745PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT MODULE - A photoelectric conversion element module 04-21-2011
20110088744Photovoltaic Module Failure Detection Devices and Methods - Photovoltaic module failure detection devices and methods provide reliable, low cost, and effective solutions with visual indication of a temperature of diodes during installation, commissioning, operation, and/or maintenance. Indication of diode temperatures and/or detection of diode failures assures proper installation, improves output, expedites maintenance, increases safety, and/or raises reliability. A photovoltaic module for converting light into electricity includes one or more solar cells, and a transparent front sheet disposed over the one or more solar cells. The photovoltaic module includes a back sheet opposite the transparent front sheet, and one or more electrical circuits with one or more diodes connected to at least a portion of the one or more solar cells. The module includes one or more temperature indication devices in communication with at least a portion of the one or more diodes and disposed between the transparent front sheet and the back sheet.04-21-2011
20110088743METHOD TO MANAGE A PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM - An apparatus and method relates to managing and controlling a photovoltaic system, especially for the safety, maintenance, alert of theft, and connection failure of the system. It is more specially for cases during the night time when the panel is not generating electricity. The present disclosure provides: an AC panel, an inverter; a communication circuit in a panel inverter to send and receive signals, a control circuit, a communicator and a power line communication method between communicator and panel inverters. The communicator detects an identification of each panel to identify the panels and collect data from each panel. The communicator is connected to the Internet through a web gateway. The apparatus also has a web based managing system to collect data from the communicator, as well as transmit signals to the communicator.04-21-2011
20110088742PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A photovoltaic module may include a transparent conductive layer on a substrate a first submodule including a first plurality of photovoltaic cells connected in series and a second submodule including a second plurality of photovoltaic cells connected in series.04-21-2011
20110088741Solar Photovoltaic Module Safety Shutdown System - A PV system may be used in case of emergencies. Each individual photovoltaic module receives a signal to determine if it is allowed to be operational or must shut down. Modules by default are shut off and safe to handle, absent the signal and in the presence of light.04-21-2011
20110088740Photovoltaic panel clamp - A photovoltaic panel clamp includes an upper and lower section. The interface between the assembled clamp halves and the module edge is filled by a flexible gasket material, such as EPDM rubber. The gasket preferably has small, finger like protrusions that allow for easy insertion onto the module edge while being reversed makes it more difficult to remove them from the module once installed. The clamp includes mounting posts or an integral axle to engage a bracket. The clamp also may include a locking tongue to secure the clamp to a bracket.04-21-2011
20090133736Apparatuses and Methods to Reduce Safety Risks Associated with Photovoltaic Systems - Apparatuses and methods to reduce safety risks associated with photovoltaic systems by providing a safety switch on a photovoltaic panel. In one embodiment, a photovoltaic panel includes: at least one photovoltaic cell; a connector to output energy from the photovoltaic panel; and a switch coupled between the at least one photovoltaic cell and the connector. The switch is configured to disconnect the at least one photovoltaic cell from the connector during installation of the photovoltaic panel, and to connect the at least one photovoltaic cell with the connector after installation of the photovoltaic panel.05-28-2009
20090133735SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION ARTIFICIAL-POWER GENERATING METHOD AND SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION SIMULATOR POWER-SUPPLY APPARATUS - A method for artificially generating the output characteristic of a solar photovoltaic power generation module, and a solar photovoltaic power generation simulator power-supply apparatus having that output characteristic with the internal power loss reduced. The solar photovoltaic power generation simulator power-supply apparatus includes an IV storing means for storing, as IV curves, the voltage/current characteristics of solar photovoltaic power generations; an IV reading means; and means for generating an IV characteristic as an output target value of automatic control. The solar photovoltaic power generation simulator power-supply apparatus reads a designated particular IV curve from among the stored IV curves to generate a control signal for holding V associated with I on this curve, and supplies this control signal to a semiconductor switching element, which controls the power, thereby artificially generating a solar photovoltaic power generation output characteristic. The solar photovoltaic power generation simulator power-supply apparatus includes a control signal circuit that controls the power so as to maintain the output at the voltage associated with the current on the designated IV curve; and a power conversion main circuit from which series resistors have been eliminated.05-28-2009
20120118350ORGANIC DEVICES, ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICES AND ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS - An organic device, including an organic compound having charge-transporting ability (i.e., transporting holes and/or electrons) and/or including organic light emissive molecules capable of emitting at least one of fluorescent light or phosphorescent light, has a charge transfer complex-contained layer including a charge transfer complex formed upon contact of an organic hole-transporting compound and molybdenum trioxide via a manner of lamination or mixing thereof, so that the organic hole-transporting compound is in a state of radical cation (i.e., positively charged species) in the charge transfer complex-contained layer.05-17-2012
20120118349PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD - The present invention is premised upon a connector device and method that can more easily electrically connect a plurality of PV arrays and/or locate these arrays upon a building or structure. It also can optionally provide some additional components (e.g. a bypass diode and/or an indicator means) and can enhance the serviceability of the array.05-17-2012
20120118348METHOD AND APPARATUS TO ENABLE SAFE SERVICING OF PV MODULES - An apparatus and method for reducing the voltage in a photovoltaic system to allow servicing of solar modules. The apparatus includes a switch that electrically shorts conductors of the system, thereby reducing high voltage conditions at the modules. The apparatus and method can also include use of a detector that measures voltage and/or current in the system to control switch operations.05-17-2012
20110005571METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL, AND SOLAR CELL - A method for manufacturing a solar cell, includes: forming a photoelectric converter which includes a plurality of compartment elements, and in which the compartment elements adjacent to each other are electrically connected; specifying a first compartment element having a structural defect in the photoelectric converter; restricting a portion in which the structural defect exists in the first compartment element by specifying a defect portion based on a resistance distribution that is obtained by measuring resistances of portions between the compartment elements adjacent to each other; and removing or separating off the structural defect by irradiating the first compartment element and a second compartment element with a laser beam so as to intersect a boundary section between the first compartment element including the portion in which the structural defect exists and the second compartment element adjacent to the first compartment element.01-13-2011
20110005565Solar sphere - The Solar Sphere with the use of its tracking system can generate the same power as a solar array thirty two times its size.01-13-2011
20110126875CONDUCTIVE CONTACT LAYER FORMED ON A TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE LAYER BY A REACTIVE SPUTTER DEPOSITION - Methods for sputter depositing a transparent conductive layer and a conductive contact layer are provided in the present invention. In one embodiment, the method includes forming a transparent conductive layer on a substrate by materials sputtered from a first target disposed in a reactive sputter chamber, and forming a conductive contact layer on the transparent conductive layer by materials sputtered from a second target disposed in the reactive sputter chamber.06-02-2011
20120312346PHOTOVOLTAIC CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY - A photovoltaic connector assembly includes a housing that has a mating end and a cable end. The housing has a securing feature that is configured to secure the housing to another photovoltaic connector assembly. The housing has a cavity that extends between the mating end and the cable end. A terminal is received in the cavity. The terminal is configured to be mated to a corresponding terminal of the other photovoltaic connector assembly. The terminal is configured to be terminated to a cable. A cable locator is configured to be coupled to the cable rearward of the terminal. The cable locator has wings that extend from opposite sides of the cable locator. The cable locator is received in the cavity. The wings engage the housing to position the cable locator within the cavity.12-13-2012
20120125397SOLAR CELL ELEMENT AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A semiconductor substrates comprises a semiconductor region of one conductivity type and a layer of another conductivity type with first, second and side surfaces. Over surfaces on the first surface side, the side surface side and an outer peripheral portion on the second surface side of the semiconductor region, the layer is formed. An electrode of the one conductivity type is located on the second surface adjacent to the layer. The semiconductor substrate includes a trench located between the outer periphery of the second surface and an end of the electrode with a spacing from the electrode and configured to isolate the layer along the outer periphery of the second surface. When viewed from the second surface side, a shortest distance between the end of the electrode and the trench is smaller than a shortest distance between a junction of the layer of the side surface side and the trench.05-24-2012
20120125393Photovoltaic Device and Method and System for Making Photovoltaic Device - A method of making a photovoltaic device includes providing a first photovoltaic cell, placing a conductive interconnect in contact with an upper surface of the first photovoltaic cell, providing a thermoset adhesive over the conductive interconnect and over the upper surface of the first photovoltaic cell, and applying a current or voltage to the conductive interconnect to cure the thermoset adhesive such that the cured thermoset adhesive bonds the conductive interconnect to the upper surface of the first photovoltaic cell. The system used to make the device includes a conveyor, a wire applicator, a thermoset adhesive reservoir, a pressure roller in fluid communication with the reservoir, and first and second electrode rollers configured to apply a current or voltage to the conductive wire interconnect.05-24-2012
20120125391METHODS FOR INTERCONNECTING PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - Two or more solar cells are shingled together. At least one solar cell has a contact formed on a first surface that is electrically connected to the conductive terminal of the solar cell. A substrate of a second cell is physically and electrically coupled to the contact. An insulator is interposed between the substrate of the second cell and the first cell to inhibit short circuits therebetween.05-24-2012
20120125394Solar Power Plant Conductor Systems, Solar Power Plants, and Junction Assemblies - Solar power plant conductor systems, solar power plants, and junction assemblies are described. According to one aspect, a solar power plant conductor system includes an electrical energy conductor which is configured to electrically conduct electrical energy generated by a plurality of photovoltaic device assemblies of a solar power plant to interface circuitry which is configured to supply the electrical energy externally of the solar power plant and a plurality of junction circuits which are positioned adjacent to a plurality of different longitudinal locations of the electrical energy conductor and which are individually configured to couple at least one of the photovoltaic device assemblies with the electrical energy conductor at one of the respective longitudinal locations of the electrical energy conductor.05-24-2012
20120125396SOLAR CELL MODULE - In the solar cell module including a plurality of solar cells interconnected with wiring members, each of the solar cells includes a plurality of front-side finger electrodes that are disposed on a light-receiving surface of the solar cell and connected with tabs and a plurality of rear-side finger electrodes that are disposed on a rear surface of the solar cell and connected with tabs. Rear-side auxiliary electrode sections are arranged in regions, which is wider than the front-side finger electrodes, on the rear surface opposite to regions where the front-side finger electrodes are present.05-24-2012
20120125395METHOD AND APPARATUS FACILITATING ELECTRICAL INTERCONNECTION OF A PLURALITY OF SOLAR MODULES - A method and apparatus to facilitate electrical interconnection of solar modules by using a wiring assembly having a plurality of conductors, each having one end connector and a plurality of spaced connection structures, each spaced structure for facilitating an electrical connection of at least one of the conductors with a respective solar module. The wiring assembly is mounted adjacent a plurality of solar modules such that the plurality of spaced connection structures are associated with respective electrical connections on a solar module to facilitate connection of the solar modules to the wiring assembly.05-24-2012
20120247530Strain relief solar cell electric coupler - The device described relates to a strain reliving electric coupler used to connect solar cells in solar panels, particularly solar panels made from polymer materials and lightweight metals. These couplers can withstand high levels of thermal expansion and contraction during manufacturing and over years of outdoor exposure.10-04-2012
20100206353Analog Photovoltaic Power Circuit - The present invention discloses an analog photovoltaic power circuit, comprising: a photovoltaic device group for receiving photo energy to generate an input voltage; a power stage circuit for converting the input voltage to an output voltage; an optimum voltage estimation circuit for receiving a predetermined voltage and estimating an optimum voltage according to a direction of variation of the input voltage and a direction of variation of the power generated by the photovoltaic device group; and an analog comparison and control circuit for comparing the optimum voltage with the input voltage, to thereby control the operation of the power stage circuit.08-19-2010
20100206350PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL ARRAYS - A method of manufacturing a photovoltaic cell array of the type comprising a primary electrode array and a counter-electrode array together defining a series-connected sequence of cells, each containing electrolyte which is insulated from direct electrical contact with the electrolyte of neighbouring cells, the method comprising: (a) depositing electrolyte into the cells; and (b) sensing the level of electrolyte deposited.08-19-2010
20100288329Thin Film Type Solar Cell and Method for Manufacturing the Same - A thin film type solar cell and a method for manufacturing the same is disclosed, which is capable of improving solar-ray transmittance and dispersion efficiency by the increased effective area for absorbing the solar ray through the use of substrate with a predetermined pattern having protrusions and depressions, wherein the method comprises preparing a substrate with a predetermined pattern having protrusions and depressions on its one surface; forming a front electrode on the substrate; forming a semiconductor layer on the front electrode; and forming a rear electrode on the semiconductor layer.11-18-2010
20100288328CONDUCTOR-CONNECTING MEMBER, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, CONNECTION STRUCTURE, AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The conductor-connecting member of the invention is a conductor-connecting member comprising an adhesive layer 11-18-2010
20100288330Process for the manufacture of solar cells - Solar cells are manufactured from P-type doped monocrystalline or polycrystalline silicon ingots by sawing wafers and applying an N-type doping. The wafers can be improved by etching them, especially in a plasma assisted process, with fluorine, carbonyl fluoride, SF11-18-2010
20100288327System and method for over-Voltage protection of a photovoltaic string with distributed maximum power point tracking - A string over-voltage protection system and method for arrays of photovoltaic panels. The system and method includes a device for use in a photovoltaic array power system. The device includes a voltage converter. The voltage converter is adapted to be coupled to a photovoltaic panel in a string of photovoltaic panels. The device also includes a string over-voltage protection circuit. The string over-voltage protection circuit is coupled to the voltage converter. The string over-voltage protection circuit senses a string voltage and determines if a string over-voltage condition exists. Additionally, the string over-voltage protection circuit is configured to disable the voltage converter in the event of a string over-voltage condition.11-18-2010
20120132248THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - A thin film solar cell module includes a substrate; a plurality of first cells positioned in a central region, where one or more first cell include at least one photovoltaic unit; and a plurality of second cells positioned in edge regions of the substrate, where one or more second cell include at least one photovoltaic unit. Among the photovoltaic units positioned in the same layer the photovoltaic unit of the one or more second cells have higher band gap energy than that the photovoltaic unit of the one or more first cells.05-31-2012
20120132253SOLAR CELL MODULE - With a solar cell module (05-31-2012
20120160297SOLAR POWER GENERATION SYSTEM AND POWER LINES FOR SOLAR POWER GENERATION SYSTEM - It is an object to provide an overcurrent protecting device to branch lines branched from a trunk line and to make it easy to check the overcurrent protecting device. A solar power generation system includes an electric power extracting trunk line having a plurality of solar cell strings interconnected in parallel; a plurality of branch lines that connect the solar cell strings to the trunk line, and an overcurrent protecting device connected between the branch line and the solar cell string.06-28-2012
20120160296TEXTURED PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS AND METHODS - The present invention relates to devices and method for textured semiconductor materials. Devices and methods shown provide a textured surface with properties that provide a high breakdown voltage. The devices and methods of the present invention can be used to make semiconductor substrates for use in photovoltaic applications such as solar cells.06-28-2012
20120160294Method for Connecting Solar Cells - A method of connecting two solar cells is disclosed. In one embodiment, the method comprises gripping an interconnect with a head of positioning device, heating the interconnect with the head of the positioning device to between two predetermined temperatures, where one is higher than the other, positioning the interconnect so as to overlay two adjacent solar cells, coupling the interconnect to each of the two adjacent solar cells, and releasing the interconnect from the head.06-28-2012
20120132252TRANSPORT ROLLER FOR TRANSPORTING ARTICLES - A transport roller for transporting articles comprises a spindle (05-31-2012
20120132251SOLAR CELL, SOLAR MODULE COMPRISING SAID SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME AND FOR PRODUCING A CONTACT FOIL - The invention relates to a solar cell which comprises the following layers: (a) a semi-conducting layer comprising a first surface and a second surface, wherein on the first surface a plurality of first contact points and second contact points are formed, which have opposing polarities; (b) a first single- or multi-layered, perforated foil, made of an electrically non-conductive material, which has a plurality of first holes; and (c) a structured electrically conductive layer on a surface of the perforated foil facing away from the semi-conducting layer; wherein the perforated foil and the semi-conducting layer are positioned to each other such that at least a part of the first holes and of the first contact points and of the second contact points are located opposite of each other, wherein at least a part of the first contact points and of the second contact points are connected by way of a solderless electrically conductive connection to the structured electrically conductive layer. The invention further relates to a solar module which comprises a plurality of said solar cells, to a method for producing the solar cell, and to a method for producing a contact foil.05-31-2012
20120132250CONTACT LAYOUT AND STRING INTERCONNECTION OF INVERTED METAMORPHIC MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS - A multijunction solar cell including an upper first solar subcell disposed adjacent the top surface of the multijunction solar cell; a middle second solar subcell adjacent to the first solar subcell; a graded interlayer adjacent to the second solar subcell; and a lower solar subcell adjacent to the interlayer; a metal contact layer adjacent to the lower solar subcell for making an electrical contact thereto; and a cut-out extending from a peripheral edge along the top surface of the solar cell to the metal contact layer to allow an electrical contact to be made to the lower subcell from the top surface of the solar cell.05-31-2012
20120132249SOLAR MODULE WITH A CONNECTING UNIT HAVING A MOLDED PART - A solar module configured for electrical connection via a solar cable includes at least one connecting unit having at least one electrically conductive connection between the solar cable and a conductive strip configured to connect a plurality of solar cells in the solar module to one another in an electrically conductive manner. The at least one connecting unit includes a bendable molded part configured to receive the at least one electrically conductive connection, a section of the solar cable and a section of the conductive strip. A bendable laminate encloses the plurality of solar cells and the conductive strip. The bendable laminate further encloses the molded part with a positive-fit. The molded part has a bendability corresponding to a bendability of the laminate.05-31-2012
20120132247Connector For PV Cells And Method For Its Production - The connector for PV cells is a strip of electrically conductive material which has a flat cross-section with two broad sides and with two narrow sides which each connect opposite edges of the broad sides. At least one broad side has a corrugated structure running in longitudinal direction of the strip and is pre-tinned in an area the length of which is somewhat less than the length of the edge of a PV cell. To produce the pre-tinned strips, in a first step a metal foil is guided through a roll gap of a rolling mill in which at least one work roll has a surface with a corrugated structure with the result that a corrugated structure which has crests or peaks and troughs is embossed into at least one side of the metal foil, in a second step soldering tin in the form of solder preforms is applied to the side of the metal foil with the embossed corrugated structure, wherein the soldering flux necessary for pre-tinning has been applied in advance to the solder preforms or the metal foil, in a third step the solder preforms are connected to the metal foil and melted on and in a fourth step the pre-tinned metal foil with the embossed corrugated structure is separated into parallel ribbons. The solder preforms are sufficiently thick for the corrugated structure to be at least full after the solder preforms have been melted on.05-31-2012
20120132246PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES WITH IMPROVED ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND METHODS THEREOF - Photovoltaic module and method for making same. The module includes a first sub-module and a second sub-module. The first sub-module includes a first plurality of photovoltaic cells. The first plurality of photovoltaic cells is connected in series starting with a first photovoltaic cell and ending with a second photovoltaic cell. The first photovoltaic cell includes a first front electrode. The second photovoltaic cell includes a first back electrode. The second sub-module includes a second plurality of photovoltaic cells. The second plurality of photovoltaic cells is connected in series starting with a third photovoltaic cell and ending with a fourth photovoltaic cell. The third photovoltaic cell includes a second front electrode. The fourth photovoltaic cell includes a second back electrode. Additionally, the photovoltaic module includes a first bus bar and a second bus bar.05-31-2012
20120132245GLASS WINDOW FOR A VEHICLE HAVING A SOLAR CELL PORTION THEREWITH - A glass window for a vehicle that is divided into a hidden area and a visible area is provided, which includes a glass portion, a solar cell portion provided inside the glass portion and composed of a substrate made of a flexible material and a plurality of solar cells disposed on an upper surface of the substrate in the hidden area, and a solar cell adhesive film disposed between the glass portion and the solar cell portion. Since solar cells are provided in a black band/hidden portion of the glass window instead of mounting the solar cells within a separate thick piece of glass of the roof of the vehicle, the amount of weight traditionally added to a vehicle can be minimized.05-31-2012
20120132244SOLAR CELL MODULE WITH CURRENT CONTROL AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME - A solar cell module with current control and a method of fabricating the same are provided. A plurality of rectifying diodes is formed simultaneously in series at a bus line formation area when solar cell units are fabricated. The rectifying diodes formed in series at the bus line formation area enables the solar cell to have the efficacy of current rectification when being shaded, and the output power of the solar cell is stabilized.05-31-2012
20100051083SOLAR TRACKING PLATFORM WITH ROTATING TRUSS - A platform has a truss frame including at least one frame chord, legs attached to the frame chord, and at least one assembly mounted between the legs and the frame chord, the assembly including an actuator arranged to move the frame chord. A solar tracking platform has a truss frame including at least one frame chord, block assemblies attached to the frame chord, at least one solar panel attached to the block assemblies, legs attached to the frame chord, and at least one assembly attached to the frame chord, the assembly including an actuator to move the frame chord.03-04-2010
20100132757SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEM - The present invention discloses a solar energy system that uses perturbation and observation method to achieve maximum power point (MPP) tracking in conjunction with interleaving operations of sets of converters to maximize solar energy conversion.06-03-2010
20120247528THIN FILM PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE AND FABRICATION METHOD OF THE SAME - A thin film photoelectric conversion module includes a substrate, a first electrode layer, at least one photoelectric conversion layer and a second electrode layer. The first electrode layer is deposited on the substrate, wherein the first electrode layer includes a plurality of first electrode rows extending along a current flow direction. Any immediately-adjacent two of the first electrode rows have a row of unoverlapped through holes formed therebetween. The photoelectric conversion layer is deposited on the first electrode layer. The second electrode layer is deposited on the photoelectric conversion layer.10-04-2012
20120211050SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - Connection tabs include: a first connection tab 08-23-2012
20120167941SOLAR CELL MODULE - A wiring member is arranged on protruding parts each formed so as to protrude toward a thin line-shaped electrode adjacent to one portion of the thin line-shaped electrode, and is connected to the thin line-shaped electrodes on the protruding parts. At this time, the longitudinal direction of the wiring member becomes a direction along the arrangement direction, and thus becomes the same direction as the protruding direction of the protruding part.07-05-2012
20120167938SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME - A solar cell includes a first electrode layer, a P-type silicon layer, an N-type silicon layer, and a second electrode layer. The first electrode layer, the P-type silicon layer, the N-type silicon layer, and the second electrode layer are arranged in series side by side along a straight line and in contact with each other, thereby cooperatively forming a planar structure. The planar structure has a photoreceptive surface substantially parallel to the straight line and directly receives an incident light. A P-N junction is formed near an interface between the P-type silicon layer and the N-type silicon layer.07-05-2012
20120167942LOW-CONCENTRATION FLAT PROFILE PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - The present invention generally relates to low-concentration photovoltaic modules. The photovoltaic modules may comprise a flexible backsheet having a plurality of electrically conductive circuit elements that have been embossed or imprinted to create optical features in the electrically conductive surface. The solar cells are then in electrical contact with the electrically conductive circuit elements to complete the photovoltaic module. By imprinting/embossing the electrically conductive circuit elements, incident solar radiation that would normally not reach the solar cells may be reflected and collected by the solar cells. Thus, substantially all of the solar radiation that is exposed to the photovoltaic module is collected by the solar cells of the photovoltaic module.07-05-2012
20120247529SOLAR CELL MODULES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - Back contact solar cell modules and methods of manufacturing the same. The solar cell module comprises a back surface with a plurality of first electrodes and a plurality of second electrodes formed thereon, the plurality of first electrodes and the plurality of second electrodes being of opposite polarities, the back surface being configured to form an electric field thereon of the opposite polarity as the plurality of first electrodes; a first connecting strip electrically connecting the plurality of first electrodes; and an insulative member between the back surface and the first connecting strip.10-04-2012
20120211046Electrical Power Generation - A solar cell and alternating low voltage electrical transmission system assembly having a curved solar cell panel supported on the side of an electrical transmission pole partially wrapping around the pole, and held in a spaced apart relationship by having upper and lower spacing blocks which are also held to the pole by in each case a strap.08-23-2012
20100051085BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELL MODULES - Embodiments of the invention contemplate the formation of a high efficiency solar cell using a novel processing sequence to form a solar cell device. Methods of forming the high efficiency solar cell may include the use of a prefabricated back plane that is bonded to the metalized solar cell device to form an interconnected solar cell module. Solar cells most likely to benefit from the invention including those having active regions comprising single or multicrystalline silicon with both positive and negative contacts on the rear side of the cell.03-04-2010
20120211049SOLAR CELL ELEMENT AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A semiconductor substrate comprising a first surface and a second surface, a first electrode, and a second electrode are arranged. The first electrode comprises a plurality of main electrodes located on the first surface and a plurality of first output taking parts electrically connected to the plurality of main electrodes and located on the second surface. The second electrode comprises one pair of collection parts located on the second surface to sandwich the first output taking parts and a connection part that electrically connects the one pair of collection parts to each other. The plurality of main electrodes comprise a first group located at first intervals and a second group located at second intervals. Third intervals between the first group and the second group are larger than the first and second intervals, and the connection part is located at positions corresponding to the third interval on the second surface.08-23-2012
20090120483CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITIONS AND PROCESSES FOR USE IN THE MANUFACTURE OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES - The present invention is directed to a thick film conductive composition comprising: (a) electrically conductive silver powder; (b) zinc-containing additive; (c) glass frit wherein said glass frit is lead-free; dispersed in (d) organic medium. The present invention is further directed to an electrode formed from the composition above wherein said composition has been fired to remove the organic vehicle and sinter said glass particles. Still further, the invention is directed to a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device from a structural element composed of a semiconductor having a p-n junction and an insulating film formed on a main surface of the semiconductor comprising the steps of (a) applying onto said insulating film the thick film composition detailed above; and (b) firing said semiconductor, insulating film and thick film composition to form an electrode. Additionally, the present invention is directed to a semiconductor device formed by the method detailed above and a semiconductor device formed from the thick film conductive composition detailed above.05-14-2009
20100012166DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL AND DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - A dye-sensitized solar cell formed by layering a conductive layer; a photoelectric conversion layer in which a dye is adsorbed in a porous semiconductor layer and the layer is filled with a carrier transporting material; and a counter electrode including only a counter electrode conductive layer or including a catalyst layer and a counter electrode conductive layer on a support made of a light transmitting material, 01-21-2010
20100012168QUANTUM DOT SOLAR CELL - Solar cells and solar cell assemblies that may be tuned for greater sensitivity to particular ranges of energy within the electromagnetic spectrum. In some instances, a solar cell may include a tunable electron conductor that permits greater choices in quantum dots, thereby providing solar cells that can be constructed to utilize a larger fraction of the solar spectrum. In some cases, the electron conductor may include group III nitride-based materials. A solar cell assembly is also disclosed that may include a first quantum dot solar cell and a second quantum dot solar cell. The first and second quantum dot solar cells may be tuned for differing portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.01-21-2010
20100012167ELONGATED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES, METHODS OF MAKING SAME, AND SYSTEMS FOR MAKING SAME - Under one aspect, a nonplanar photovoltaic module having a length includes: (a) an elongated nonplanar substrate; and (b) a plurality of solar cells disposed on the elongated nonplanar substrate, wherein each solar cell in the plurality of solar cells is defined by (i) a plurality of grooves around the nonplanar photovoltaic module and (ii) a groove along the length of the photovoltaic module. In some embodiments, each groove of the plurality of grooves about the photovoltaic module, independently, has a repeating pattern, a non-repeating pattern, or is helical. In some embodiments, the module further includes a patterned conductor providing serial electrical communication between adjacent solar cells. In some embodiments, portions of the patterned conductor providing serial electrical communication between adjacent solar cells are within a groove of the plurality of grooves about the photovoltaic module.01-21-2010
20100269883SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OVER-VOLTAGE PROTECTION IN A PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM - A photovoltaic array for use in an electrical power system includes multiple photovoltaic modules and a voltage converter coupled to at least one of the photovoltaic modules. The photovoltaic array also includes an over-voltage protection circuit. The over-voltage protection circuit includes an interface adapted to couple to an output of the voltage converter. The over-voltage protection circuit also includes a spike detector configured to detect a voltage spike in an output voltage of the voltage converter. The over-voltage protection circuit further includes a voltage control module configured to regulate an output voltage slew rate of the voltage converter in response to an over-voltage signal received from the spike detector.10-28-2010
20110094558GREENHOUSE USING TRANSPARENT SOLAR BATTERY - Provided is a greenhouse including transparent solar batteries disposed on an outer wall of the greenhouse. Since the transparent solar batteries are disposed on an outer wall of the greenhouse, the greenhouse may generate pollution-free energy while allowing greenhouse cultivation.04-28-2011
20120073622SOLUTION-PROCESSED INORGANIC PHOTO-VOLTAIC DEVICES AND METHODS OF PRODUCTION - Methods of producing photo-voltaic devices include spray coating deposition of metal chalcogenides, contact lithographic methods and/or metal ion injection. Photo-voltaic devices include devices made by the methods, tandem photo-voltaic devices and bulk junction photovoltaic devices.03-29-2012
20120073621SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is a solar cell (03-29-2012
20120312347SOLAR MODULE AND PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY - A solar module having a plurality of solar cells, which are interconnected to form a string and have externally accessible string connections, a bypass line having at its two ends a separate externally accessible bypass connection being integrated into the solar module.12-13-2012
20120255591Enhanced Systems and Methods for Using a Power Converter for Balancing Modules in Single-String and Multi-String Configurations - Apparatuses and methods include a solar array having one or more string buses of series-connected solar modules. The current outputs from the solar modules on each string bus can be balanced along with the voltage output from the string buses. Local management units coupled between the solar modules and the string buses are configured to control the voltage output from each solar module. When the solar modules on each string are balanced, and when the string buses are balanced (or before the solar modules and string buses are balanced), an inverter or other device connected to the solar array can find the array's maximum power point via a maximum power point tracking algorithm.10-11-2012
20120186623TRANSPARENT PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - A transparent photovoltaic cell and method of making are disclosed. The photovoltaic cell may include a transparent substrate and a first active material overlying the substrate. The first active material may have a first absorption peak at a wavelength greater than about 650 nanometers. A second active material is disposed overlying the substrate, the second active material having a second absorption peak at a wavelength outside of the visible light spectrum. The photovoltaic cell may also include a transparent cathode and a transparent anode.07-26-2012
20120186625SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND A PRODUCTION METHOD FOR THE SAME - Provided are a solar cell apparatus and a method of manufacturing the same. The solar cell apparatus includes a substrate, a first cell disposed on the substrate, and a second cell disposed on the substrate, the second cell being adjacent to the first cell. The first cell includes a plurality of first active areas and a plurality of first transmitting areas which are alternately disposed with respect to each other. The second cell includes a plurality of second active areas and a plurality of second transmitting areas which are alternately disposed with respect to each other. The first active areas are adjacent to the second transmitting areas, respectively.07-26-2012
20120186624Solar Cell and Manufacturing Method Thereof - There is provided a solar cell according to an exemplary embodiment including: a plurality of cells of the solar cell formed on a substrate and each having a rear electrode pattern, a light absorbing layer, a buffer layer, and a front electrode; a through-hole penetrating the substrate; and a bus bar electrically connected with the rear electrode pattern through the through-hole.07-26-2012
20120186622MOLDED-IN SOLAR MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANFACTURING THE SAME - A flexible solar module and manufacturing method for a portable device as an in-mold decoration is described. The solar module includes a flexible photovoltaic sheet of a predetermined shape and size, having an overmolded non-active side, mounted on the surface of a portable device. An electrical connection connected to the overmolded photovoltaic sheet terminates at any of the elements in the portable device requiring electrical power.07-26-2012
20120255593DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - The present invention relates to a dye-sensitized solar cell module that can appropriately prevent the occurrence of internal short-circuit in its individual dye-sensitized solar cells and which achieves high power generation efficiency, and has excellent workability. The solar cell module is structured such that contact between the first and second electrode layers in any one of the dye-sensitized solar cells is prevented and therefore internal short-circuit is less likely to occur. Further, the use of such dye-sensitized solar cells makes it possible for the dye-sensitized solar cell module according to the present invention to achieve high performance.10-11-2012
20120318322SOLAR PANEL MOUNTING SYSTEM - Solar energy collecting panels, mounting systems for solar energy collecting panels, and techniques for mounting the solar energy collecting panels are disclosed. A mounting system for solar energy collecting panels includes a base assembly having rails securable to an underlying structure. The rails include panel mountings configured to receive mounting assemblies of the panels for mounting the panels to the rails so that in use each rail has mounted to it multiple panels whilst each panel is mounted to two or more of the rails.12-20-2012
20080264465Modular Sub-Assembly of Semiconductor Strips - A modular subassembly (10-30-2008
20120227783Junction box and solar cell array - A junction box of a solar cell array/solar module, having a plurality of solar cells connected in multiple strings and including a separate top part mechanically connected to a bottom part, and in one of the bottom and top parts, first contact elements, some being connected in the installed state to solar cells and two of which are connected to a connecting cable of the solar cell array, and in another one of the bottom and top parts, interconnected second contact elements electrically contact first contact elements in the installed state and join them are situated there, and an actuator for releasing the mechanical connection between the bottom and top parts, for completely separating the top and bottom parts and for disconnecting the contact between the first and second contact elements and a control unit assigned to the actuator at the input side for generating an actuator control signal.09-13-2012
20120227782LOW VOLTAGE THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - In one aspect of the present invention, a photovoltaic module includes a plurality of sub-modules. Each sub-module includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells spatially arranged as an array, each cell having first and second conductive layers sandwiching an active layer therebetween. The cells in each sub-module are electrically connected to each other in series. Each sub-module further includes positive and negative electrodes formed on the second conductive layers of the first and last cells, respectively, in a respective sub-module. The positive electrode of each sub-module is electrically connected to each other and the negative electrode of each sub-module is electrically connected to each other such that the plurality of sub-modules is electrically connected in parallel. The plurality of sub-modules is spatially arranged next to each other as an array such that at least one sub-module is spatially separated from its immediately next sub-module by a gap.09-13-2012
20120260964Solar Cell Module and Photovoltaic Power Generator Using the Same - A surface electrode (10-18-2012
20120227785SOLAR BATTERY CELL, SOLAR BATTERY MODULE, METHOD OF MAKING SOLAR BATTERY CELL AND METHOD OF MAKING SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - A solar battery cell and related methodology are provided which enable a TAB wire to be accurately connected to an intended position, thus allowing a possible increase in manufacturing costs to be suppressed. A solar battery cell includes a plurality of finger electrodes arranged on a light receiving surface of a photovoltaic substrate, and an alignment marking indicating a position where a TAB wire is to be connected to the finger electrodes via a conductive adhesive. The alignment marking has portions discontinuously provided on the light receiving surface along a line crossing two of the finger electrodes positioned nearest opposite ends of the light receiving surface.09-13-2012
20120227781SOLAR CELL SHEET - There is provided a solar cell sheet including a solar cell panel that generates electric power by receiving irradiation of sunlight, a first sheet to which a number of the solar cell panels are attached such that a reverse surface of a light receiving surface of each of the solar cell panels is attached to the first sheet with a predetermined interval between each of the solar cell panels, the number of the solar cell panels being sufficient to obtain desired electric power, and a second sheet to which is removably attached to the at least one first sheet to which the solar cell panels are attached, the at least one first sheet being removably attached to the second sheet on a reverse surface to a surface on which the solar cell panels are attached.09-13-2012
20120227787GRAPHENE-BASED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A photovoltaic device and a method for preparing same are described. The photovoltaic device comprises at least one pair of electrodes, wherein each member of the at least one pair of electrodes having a different working function than the other member of that pair; and one or more layers of graphene located between the two electrodes, wherein the one or more layers made of graphene have a lower working function than a working function of one member of the at least one pair of electrodes, and a higher working function than a working function of the other member of the at least one pair of electrodes, thereby allowing generation of an electric field across the photovoltaic device without applying any external voltage to the electrodes, in response to solar radiation impinging the device. Optionally, one or both electrodes have a coating of a different buffering material than the other.09-13-2012
20120318318CIGS BASED THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS HAVING SHARED BYPASS DIODES - A photovoltaic module comprises a first bypass diode and a first group of solar cells connected to the first bypass diode. The first group of solar cells comprises a first solar cell, a second solar cell connected in series to the first solar cell, and a third solar cell connected in parallel to the first solar cell.12-20-2012
20130014799NANOSTRUCTURE AND PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL IMPLEMENTING SAME - Nanostructures and photovoltaic structures are disclosed. A nanostructure according to one embodiment includes an array of nanocables extending from a substrate, the nanocables in the array being characterized as having a spacing and surface texture defined by inner surfaces of voids of a template; an electrically insulating layer extending along the substrate; and at least one layer overlaying the nanocables. A nanostructure according to another embodiment includes a substrate; a portion of a template extending along the substrate, the template being electrically insulative; an array of nanocables extending from the template, portions of the nanocables protruding from the template being characterized as having a spacing, shape and surface texture defined by previously-present inner surfaces of voids of the template; and at least one layer overlaying the nanocables.01-17-2013
20100326491DOPANT-CONTAINING CONTACT MATERIAL - A photovoltaic device can include a doped contact layer adjacent to a semiconductor absorber layer, where the doped contact layer includes a metal base material and a dopant.12-30-2010
20100326490PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL WITH HOT PLUG CONNECTOR - A photovoltaic assembly is provided, which includes a docking station to facilitate the transmission of DC electricity from the photovoltaic panel and the transmission of AC electricity to various electric appliances. The photovoltaic assembly includes an inverter module that connects to the docking station through a connector. The system enables replacement and insertion of the inverter module without affecting the functioning of the photovoltaic assembly.12-30-2010
20100326489LIGHT-ELECTRICITY CONVERSION DEVICE - Light-electricity conversion devices based on II-VI semiconductor materials are provided. The light-electricity conversion devices are able to cover a wide spectrum range.12-30-2010
20100326488Simulated photovoltaic module and array including same - A photovoltaic array includes a functioning photovoltaic module for converting sunlight into electricity. The functioning photovoltaic module includes a first panel having a first exterior surface. The array further includes a simulated photovoltaic module disposed adjacent to the functioning photovoltaic module. The simulated photovoltaic module includes a second panel having a second exterior surface simulating an appearance of the first exterior surface of the functioning photovoltaic module.12-30-2010
20110120522BRIGHT WHITE PROTECTIVE LAMINATES - Laminates of having a first outer layer of weatherable film, at least one mid layer, and a second outer layer containing an opacifying quantity of white pigment. The laminates are particularly useful for protecting photovoltaic cells, solar panels, and circuit boards. In photovoltaic cells, the laminates result in increased power generation.05-26-2011
20110120521PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE - Provided is a photoelectric conversion device in which the conductivity after hydrogen-plasma exposure is set within an appropriate range, thereby suppressing the leakage current and improving the conversion efficiency. A photoelectric conversion device includes, on a substrate, a photoelectric conversion layer having at least two power generation cell layers, and an intermediate contact layer provided between the power generation cell layers. The intermediate contact layer mainly contains a compound represented by Zn05-26-2011
20110120520PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT - The present invention provides a photoelectric conversion element in which current collection is conveniently performed without degrading a photoelectric conversion characteristic. The photoelectric conversion element in accordance with the present invention has: a structural body composed of at least a conductive first electrode provided with a porous oxide semiconductor layer supporting a sensitizing dye, a second electrode provided opposite the first electrode, and an electrolyte provided in at least part of the space between the first electrode and the second electrode; a cover member that covers the structural body and forms a separation portion between the cover member and the second electrode, and a conductive member provided in the separation portion, and having a connection site that is electrically connected to either the first electrode or the second electrode. Moreover, the conductive member is sandwiched between the cover member and the first electrode or the second electrode.05-26-2011
20110120518Manufacturing Photovoltaic Devices And Devices Formed - Photovoltaic cells can be manufactured using a pattern region that substantially covers the usable surface area of a crystalline workpiece. Bars can be etched into the workpiece that extend substantially the entire length of the workpiece. These bars then can be diced to form die or micro-tiles having a width substantially equal to the thickness of the workpiece, and having an edge ratio of about 20:1 or less. Such a process can maximize conversion area, thereby extracting more energy from a given volume of photovoltaic conversion material. Contacts can be placed on opposing edges of the die or micro-tiles to form photovoltaic cells, which in some embodiments can function regardless of orientation in a solar panel.05-26-2011
20120260967PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY UTILIZING PHYLLOTAXIC ARCHITECTURE - An array of photovoltaic panels comprising a plurality of primary branches extending radially outwardly from a central trunk, and a plurality of photovoltaic panels joined to the primary branches, wherein the primary branches extend outwardly from the trunk in a spiral arrangement having a ratio of x turns around the trunk for every y primary branches. The ratio of x:y may be derived from a phyllotaxic arrangement of branches and leaves on a plant. X may be a Fibonacci number, with y being its Fibonacci second successor. The ratio of x/y may be selected from certain Fibonacci ratios, including 1/3, 2/5, 3/8, and 5/13. A method of converting electromagnetic radiation to electrical energy, and a method of making a device for converting electromagnetic radiation to electrical energy in accordance with the invention are also disclosed.10-18-2012
20120260966SOLAR CELL APPARATUS - Disclosed is a solar cell apparatus. The solar cell apparatus includes a first solar cell; and a second solar cell partially overlapping with the first solar cell and connected to the first solar cell.10-18-2012
20120260965SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module may include a plurality of solar cells, each solar cell including a substrate and an electrode part formed on the substrate, an interconnector electrically connecting adjacent solar cells, and a conductive adhesive film disposed between the electrode part and the interconnector, and electrically connecting the electrode part with the interconnector. The conductive adhesive film may include a resin and a plurality of conductive particles. The plurality of conductive particles may include a plurality of first particles each including a low melting point metal and a plurality of second particles each including a high melting point metal having a higher melting point than a melting point of the plurality of first particles.10-18-2012
20120325286SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes solar cells and a wiring member connecting the solar cells. At least one side portion of the wiring member is bonded to a portion of a first principal surface of the solar cell where both first and second electrodes are provided, by adhesive resin layer. A first portion of the resin adhesive layer, which is located between the at least one side portion of the wiring member and the first electrode is thinner than a second portion of the adhesive resin layer, which is located between the at least one side portion of the wiring member 11 and the second electrode such that the at least one side portion of the wiring member is electrically connected with the first electrode while being electrically insulated from the second electrode.12-27-2012
20120325285WET-TYPE SOLAR BATTERY AND WET-TYPE SOLAR BATTERY MODULE - A wet-type solar battery including a support composed of a light transmissive material and a stack in which a conductive layer, a photoelectric conversion layer containing a porous semiconductor, a porous insulating layer, and a counter electrode conductive layer are stacked in this order is provided. The conductive layer is divided into a first region including a portion where the photoelectric conversion layer is to be formed on a surface thereof and a second region where the photoelectric conversion layer is not to be formed. A protection film for preventing internal short-circuiting, which is not greater in film thickness than the photoelectric conversion layer, is formed in at least a part around the photoelectric conversion layer on the surface of the first region.12-27-2012
20120325284THIN-FILM SILICON TANDEM SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - The photovoltaic cell comprises, deposited on a transparent substrate in the following order: a first conductive oxide layer; a first p-i-n junction; a second p-i-n junction; a second conductive oxide layer, wherein said first conductive oxide layer is substantially transparent and comprises a low-pressure chemical vapor deposited ZnO layer; and said second conductive oxide layer comprises an at least partially transparent low-pressure chemical vapor deposited ZnO layer; and wherein said first p-i-n junction comprises in the following order: a layer of p-doped a-Si:H deposited using PECVD and having at its end region facing toward said second p-i-n junction a higher band gap than at its end region facing toward said first conductive oxide layer; a buffer layer of a-Si:H deposited using PECVD without voluntary addition of a dopant; a layer of substantially intrinsic a-Si:H deposited using PECVD; a first layer of n-doped a-Si:H deposited using PECVD; and a layer of n-doped μc-Si:H deposited using PECVD; and wherein said second p-i-n junction comprises in the following order a layer of p-doped μc-Si:H deposited using PECVD; a layer of substantially intrinsic μc-Si:H deposited using PECVD; and a second layer of n-doped a-Si:H deposited using PECVD. The photovoltaic converter panel comprises at least one such photovoltaic cell.12-27-2012
20110005572THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - To provide an integrated thin-film solar cell that prevents deterioration of hotspot resistance and has a high output voltage.01-13-2011
20120266931SOLAR COLLECTION DEVICE - A solar collection device includes a circular bottom wall; a peripheral sidewall, and a flexible solar cell panel. The peripheral sidewall is extending from a periphery of the bottom wall. The bottom wall and the sidewall cooperatively form a bucket. The bucket includes an opening. The area of the opening is two to three times the area of the bottom wall. The flexible solar cell panel is attached over an entire interior surface of the sidewall in the bucket.10-25-2012
20120266933SOLAR CELL - According to example embodiments, a solar cell includes a first unit portion, a second unit portion, and an insulating layer. The first and second unit portions may have different bandgaps, and the insulating layer may be between the first unit portion and the second unit portion.10-25-2012
20110048492SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell includes: an photoelectric conversion body including a first main surface and a second main surface opposed to the first main surface; a first electrode provided on the first main surface; a second electrode provided on the second main surface; a first conductive connection member connected with the first electrode for connecting the solar cell and another solar cell, wherein the first conductive connection member includes a conductive soft layer at an area facing the first electrode, and the first electrode includes a conductive soft layer at an area facing the first conductive connection member; and a first resin adhesive bonding the first conductive connection member to the first electrode in such a manner that the conductive soft layer of the first electrode and the conductive soft layer of the first conductive connection member abut on each other.03-03-2011
20110048491SOLAR-CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL - A solar-cell module comprises a plurality of solar cells electrically connected each other by wiring materials. Each solar cell comprises: a photoelectric conversion body including a first surface irradiated with light and a second surface located on the opposite side to the first surface, the photoelectric conversion body configured to generate carriers by the irradiation of light; a plurality of finger electrodes provided on both the first surface and the second surface, and configured to collect the carriers generated by the photoelectric conversion body; and a busbar electrode provided on each of the first surface and the second surface so as to intersect the plurality of finger electrodes, and having a non-linear shape. Each of the busbar electrodes provided on the first surface and the busbar electrode formed on the second surface includes at least two markers for alignment of positions.03-03-2011
20110226306ADDITIVES FOR SOLAR CELL SEMICONDUCTORS - A dye-sensitized solar cell (“DSSC”) includes an anode, a cathode, a semiconductor layer, a dye covalently attached to the semiconductor layer, and an electrolyte, wherein the semiconductor layer includes a metal oxide and an organic or inorganic insulating component to facilitate forward transfer of electrons to the anode. The semiconductor additive or insulating component may include, for example, alpha aluminum oxide, gamma aluminum oxide, fumed silica, silica, diatomaceous earth, aluminum titanate, hydroxyapatite, calcium phosphate, iron titanate, and mixtures thereof.09-22-2011
20110226305CONNECTION DEVICE FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE - A connection device for a solar cell module is provided. The connection device comprises a pair of electrode elements electrically connected to the solar cell module, and a plurality of diodes electrically connected in parallel to the electrode elements. The connection device can avoid the reverse currents flowing into the solar cells.09-22-2011
20110126881MOUNTING DEVICE - A photovoltaic module mounting system having a rack structure, which includes a mounting rack structure having a rail (06-02-2011
20120125392TYPE-II HIGH BANDGAP TUNNEL JUNCTIONS OF InP LATTICE CONSTANT FOR MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS - A type-II tunnel junction is disclosed that includes a p-doped AlGaInAs tunnel layer and a n-doped InP tunnel layer. Solar cells are further disclosed that incorporate the high bandgap type-II tunnel junction between photovoltaic subcells.05-24-2012
20120080069SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is a solar cell module (04-05-2012
20120080068ELECTRICAL CONNECTION MATERIAL AND A SOLAR CELL INCLUDING THE SAME - An electrical connection material between conductors includes about 40 wt % to about 80 wt % of a urethane-modified acrylate resin, based on a total weight of the electrical connection material, the electrical connection material exhibiting, after curing, a tensile elongation of about 100% to about 500% and a yield point strain of about 10% to about 50% in a stress-strain curve.04-05-2012
20120080067PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - A photovoltaic device including a composite down-converting layer disposed on the device, is presented. The composite down-converting layer includes down-converting material particles dispersed in a matrix. The size of the down-converting material particles is a function of a difference in respective refractive indices (Δn) of the down-converting material and the matrix such that: (i) for Δn less than about 0.05, the size of down-converting material particles is in a range from about 0.5 micron to about 10 microns, and (ii) for Δn at least about 0.05, the size of down-converting material particles is in a range from about 1 nanometer to about 500. A photovoltaic module having a plurality of such photovoltaic devices is also presented.04-05-2012
20120080066PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - A photovoltaic device having a down-converting layer disposed on the device, is presented. The down-converting layer have a graded refractive index, wherein a value of refractive index at a first surface of the down-converting layer varies from a value of refractive index at a second surface of the layer. A photovoltaic module having a plurality of such photovoltaic devices is also presented.04-05-2012
20120080065Thin Film Photovoltaic Modules with Structural Bonds - Provided are novel photovoltaic module structures and related fabrication techniques. According to various embodiments, the structures include a structural bond related between two sealing sheets of the photovoltaic module configured to support one sealing sheet with respect to the other and, in certain embodiments, to support photovoltaic cells with respect to both sealing sheets. In certain embodiments, a photovoltaic module is fabricated without a back encapsulant layer, and the back sealing sheet is supported by the structural bond. The structural bond may also be used as a moisture barrier in addition or instead of an edge seal. The structural bond material can include a silicone-based polymer, which provides good adhesive and UV resistance properties. The structural bond may be formed by a structural bonding material that is dispensed around the photovoltaic cells.04-05-2012
20110240091Method for Attaching Flat Electronic Components Onto a Flexible Surface Structure - The invention relates to a method for attaching a flat electronic component (10-06-2011
20110247676Photonic Crystal Solar Cell - The present invention provides a photovoltaic cell, which is contained within a photonic crystal structure. The photonic crystal is at least two-dimensional, and contains defects to guide incident light, e.g., sunlight, into a crystal cavity, where the concentrated light is guided into a cavity, preferably a photonic optical cavity, which is also a photovoltaic region comprising a semiconductor heterojunction for forming a photovoltaic current.10-13-2011
20110253191METHOD FOR FITTING CONTACT WIRES TO A SURFACE OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL, PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL, PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE, ARRANGEMENT FOR FITTING CONTACT WIRES TO A SURFACE OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL - In various embodiments, a method for fitting contact wires to a surface of a photovoltaic cell is provided. The method may include: feeding the contact wires to a contact wire positioning and placement device, wherein the contact wire positioning and placement device comprises a plurality of nozzles or eyes, wherein at least one contact wire is in each case passed through a respective nozzle or eye, for positioning and placement thereof onto the surface of the photovoltaic cell; positioning and placing the contact wires on the surface of the photovoltaic cell by means of the contact wire positioning and placement device; and attaching the contact wires to the surface of the photovoltaic cell.10-20-2011
20110265849SOLAR CELL PANEL - A solar cell panel is discussed. The solar cell panel includes a plurality of solar cells each including a substrate, an emitter layer positioned at a light receiving surface of the substrate, and a plurality of front electrodes that are electrically connected to the emitter layer and extend parallel to one another in a first direction, an interconnector that electrically connects adjacent ones of the solar cells to each other and is positioned in a second direction crossing the front electrodes, a conductive adhesive film that is positioned between the front electrodes and the interconnector in the second direction and electrically connects the front electrodes to the interconnector, and an alignment mark indicating a bonding location of the conductive adhesive film, and positioned on the substrate.11-03-2011
20110265845THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE - The thin-film solar cell module according to the present invention has: a substrate; and a cell module having three or more cell strings, each of which has a constant width, wherein each cell string has a plurality of solar cells having the same width as the cell string and connected in series, the cell strings have the same length as the solar cells connected in series and are provided on the substrate in parallel connection so as to be aligned, the solar cells respectively have a front surface electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer and a rear surface electrode layered in this order, each cell string has contact lines electrically connecting the front surface electrode of a first solar cell to the rear surface electrode of a second solar cell, and the cell strings at both ends in the three or more cell strings have a width narrower than the other cell string.11-03-2011
20120318320System and Method for Arc Detection in Solar Power Arrays - A system and method for detecting arc faults in photovoltaic solar power arrays. A plurality of short range communications links between the modules in the array are utilized as a distributed arc detection system. The communication links between adjacent pairs of modules in the array form a network with a matrix topology. The links are implemented with modulated magnetic fields. By monitoring the level of noise in each communication link, the signature of an arc fault is detected, and the general location of the arc can often be determined.12-20-2012
20120318319METHODS OF INTERCONNECTING THIN FILM SOLAR CELLS - A photovoltaic module comprises a first group of solar cells; a second group of solar cells; a first interconnection member extending across a first surface of the first group of solar cells and across a first surface of the second group of solar cells to connect the first and second groups of solar cells in parallel; and a second interconnection member extending across a second surface of the first group of solar cells and across a second surface of the second group of solar cells.12-20-2012
20100229918SOLAR CELL MODULE and MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SOLAR CELL MODULE - A manufacturing method of a solar cell module includes a rear-surface-side protection member having a metal layer sandwiched between a plurality of resin layers, the method comprising the steps of: forming a pair of first slits and a second slit in the rear-surface-side protection member to form a pair of movable portions on both sides of the second slit, the second slit extending between and communicating with the pair of the first slits; opening each of the pair of movable portions; performing an insulating treatment on at least a part of the metal layer exposed to the surface of each of the pair of movable portions; and sealing a solar cell between a light-receiving-surface-side protection member and the rear-surface-side protection member, wherein one end portion of an output lead is drawn out from between the pair of movable portions, the output lead being configured to draw electric power from the solar cell.09-16-2010
20100229917SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell and a solar cell module are disclosed. The solar cell includes a substrate of a first conductive type, a plurality of emitter layers of a second conductive type opposite the first conductive type, a plurality of first conductive members partially connected to the substrate, and a plurality of second conductive members partially connected to each of the plurality of emitter layers.09-16-2010
20100229916PROTECTION SYSTEM - An assembly, solar panel, and solar panel protection system have a deployable and retractable flexible resilient mesh barrier which can be extended to cover and protect a surface which is vulnerable to hail and other airborne projectiles. The mesh barrier can be attached to a frame so as to occupy a plane over the surface. The mesh can be held on a powered or unpowered reel and extended on demand. The reel can have an automatically acting controller which extends the mesh responsive to a remote signal such as a warning signal from a weather announcing authority. The mesh barrier can incorporate a heating element to remove accumulated ice.09-16-2010
20100229914Solar cells with shunt resistance - Photovoltaic devices are disclosed that have built in shunt resistance. The devices comprise shunt isolation lines in the electrodes such that shunts will not degrade the efficiency of each individual unit cell. The device is easy to manufacture and the invention is suitable for use with most photovoltaic device architectures.09-16-2010
20100229913Contact Layout and String Interconnection of Inverted Metamorphic Multijunction Solar Cells - A multijunction solar cell including an upper first solar subcell having a first band gap disposed adjacent the top surface of the multijunction solar cell; a middle second solar subcell adjacent to the first solar subcell and having a second band gap smaller than the first band gap; a graded interlayer adjacent to the second solar subcell; the graded interlayer having a third band gap greater than the second band gap; and a lower solar subcell adjacent to the interlayer, the lower subcell having a fourth band gap smaller than the second band gap such that the third subcell is lattice mismatched with respect to the second subcell; a metal contact layer adjacent to the lower solar subcell for making an electrical contact thereto; and a cut-out extending from a peripheral edge along the top surface of the solar cell to the metal contact layer to allow an electrical contact to be made to the lower subcell from the top surface of the solar cell.09-16-2010
20100229912PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE THROUGH LATERAL CRYSTALLIZATION PROCESS AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF - The present invention relates to a photovoltaic device through a lateral crystallization process and a fabrication method thereof, and in particular to a high efficiency solar cell module and a fabrication method thereof.09-16-2010
20120279545SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL - A solar cell module is described, including a series of solar cells each including a bottom electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer, an insulating pattern, a top electrode layer and a passivation layer. The conversion layer is on the bottom electrode and also on the substrate at a first side of the bottom electrode. The insulating pattern is on the bottom electrode, covering an edge portion of the conversion layer near a second side of the bottom electrode. The top electrode layer is on the conversion layer and adjacent to the insulating pattern. The passivation layer is on the top electrode layer and adjacent to the insulating pattern, wherein the top of the passivation layer on the top electrode layer is lower than the top of the insulating pattern. The bottom electrode of a solar cell is electrically connected with the top electrode layer of an adjacent solar cell.11-08-2012
20120279546SOLAR CELL CONNECTOR ELECTRODE, SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING A PLURALITY OF SOLAR CELLS - In various embodiments, a solar cell connector electrode may include a multiplicity of electrically conductive solar cell connector elements arranged alongside one another; and a plurality of electrically non-conductive and isolated from one another, planar elements on which the electrically conductive solar cell connector elements are arranged. Solar cell connector element isolating locations are provided in regions on the planar elements, such that, by means of a respective solar cell connector element isolating location, a respectively electrically conductive solar cell connector element is divided into a plurality of, preferably two, solar cell connector partial elements electrically isolated from one another.11-08-2012
20120318321ARRAY OF THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS HAVING A TOTALLY SEPARATED INTEGRATED BYPASS DIODE ASSOCIATED WITH A PLURALITY OF CELLS AND A PANEL INCORPORATING THE SAME - An array a thin-film solar cell with a cell level integrated bypass diode includes at least three series-connected solar cells; a bypass diode formed by total separation from a selected parent solar cell; a first conductor connecting the semiconducting material of the first type of the bypass diode with the semiconducting material of the second type of any one chosen solar cell in the array; and a second conductor connecting the semiconducting material of the second type of the bypass diode with the semiconducting material of the first type of any other chosen solar cell in the array, so that the bypass diode is connected in parallel and in opposition to both the one chosen solar cell and the other chosen solar cell.12-20-2012
20120279547Method For Backside-Contacting A Silicon Solar Cell, Silicon Solar Cell And Silicon Solar Module - For contacting a silicon solar cell a pre-processed silicon substrate with a frontside and a backside is provided. Then, aluminum is deposited on the backside of the pre-processed silicon substrate, wherein aluminum-free regions remain on the backside. Then, a silver-free layer suitable for soldering on the backside of the silicon substrate is deposited so that the silver-free layer suitable for soldering covers at least the aluminum-free regions on the backside.11-08-2012
20120279549ORGANIC PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND MODULE COMPRISING SUCH A CELL - An organic photovoltaic cell comprising a substrate, a first electrode formed on the substrate, an organic photoactive medium comprising an electron donor and an electron acceptor, and a second electrode comprising a conductive mesh, the first electrode being located between the substrate and the second electrode. The cell comprises an insulating mesh formed on the first electrode. The conductive mesh is formed on the insulating mesh. The insulating mesh and the conductive mesh define together apertures for receiving the photoactive medium, said apertures being able to receive the photoactive medium after the first electrode, the insulating mesh and the conductive mesh have been deposited on the substrate.11-08-2012
20120279548ARRANGEMENT AND CIRCUIT, AND METHOD FOR INTERCONNECTING FLAT SOLAR CELLS - The invention relates to an arrangement and circuit, and to a method for interconnecting flat rigid or flexible solar cells, the photoelectrical active layers thereof being applied to an insulating substrate material. The aim of the invention is provide a novel arrangement and circuit and an associated method for interconnecting flat solar cells, reducing the risk of short circuit and the inactive surface area in the matrix composite of the solar module and selectively allowing simple interconnection, both as a parallel circuit and as a series circuit in production. The solar cells (11-08-2012
20110290296FLEXIBLE TILED PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A flexible photovoltaic module has a flexible substrate having integrated electrically conductive portions, an array of functional tiles on the substrate, wherein the functional tiles include solar cell tiles, the functional tiles being separated by a spacing which determines the bending radius of the module, the tiles at least partially in electrical contact with the electrically conductive portions, the solar tiles electrically connected in one of either electrical series or parallel configuration to produce an electrical power output. A method of manufacturing flexible, photovoltaic modules, includes manufacturing at least one functional material, forming the functional material into functional tiles, mounting the functional tiles onto a flexible substrate into an array of functional tiles with spacing between the tiles, the spacing selected to provide flexibility, and forming circuitry on the flexible substrate to electrically connect the functional tiles to one of either input/output circuitry or other tiles.12-01-2011
20120298175SOLAR PANEL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUCH A SOLAR PANEL MODULE - A solar panel module includes a transparent carrier and semi-conductor substrate portions that have a front surface and a rear surface. The front surface is arranged for capturing radiation energy. The semiconductor substrate portions are arranged adjacent to each other on the transparent carrier and are separated from each other by a groove. Each semiconductor substrate portion is attached with the front surface to the transparent carrier. Each groove includes a side wall of each of the adjacent semiconductor substrate portions. The front surface of each semiconductor substrate portion is provided with a doped layer of a first conductivity type. Each semiconductor substrate portion includes a first electric contact for minority charge carriers and a second electric contact for majority charge carriers in the semiconductor substrate portion. The first electric contact is arranged on at least the rear surface of the semiconductor substrate portion as a heterostructure of a first type. The hetero junction of the first type includes an intrinsic semiconductor layer on the semiconductor substrate portion and a semiconductor layer of a second conductivity type, opposite to the first conductivity type, on top of the intrinsic semiconductor layer.11-29-2012
20120298173PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL, METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING PLURALITY OF CELLS AND ASSEMBLY OF A PLURALITY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - The photovoltaic cell has a block that includes at least one semiconductor substrate in which is formed at least one photovoltaic junction that is connected to a first electrical contact element of a first pole and to a second electrical contact element of a second pole. The cell includes a first transparent cover that is placed on a first surface of the block and defines with the block of the cell a first recess groove of a first electrically conductive wire element.11-29-2012
20120298172METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES COMPRISING BACK-CONTACT CELLS - A method for fabricating a photovoltaic module is disclosed. In one aspect, the method includes: providing a plurality of photovoltaic substrates having a front side; attaching the plurality of photovoltaic substrates to a transparent carrier with the front side of the photovoltaic substrates facing the carrier; and rear side processing of the plurality of photovoltaic substrates for forming photovoltaic cells, wherein rear side processing includes a single metallization process for forming electrical contacts to n-type regions and to p-type regions at the rear side of the plurality of photovoltaic cells and for interconnecting the photovoltaic cells within the photovoltaic module.11-29-2012
20120298171SOLAR CELL - A solar cell including a photoelectric conversion layer, a back electrode, a plurality of conductive fingers parallel to each other, at least one bus bar and at least one connection ribbon is provided. The photoelectric conversion layer has a front surface and a back surface. The back electrode is disposed on the back surface of the photoelectric conversion layer. The conductive fingers are disposed on the front surface of the photoelectric conversion layer. The at least one bus bar is disposed on the front surface of the photoelectric conversion layer and is electrically connected to the conductive fingers. The connection ribbon covers the bus bar and is electrically connected to the bus bar, wherein the bus bar covered by a single connection ribbon has a discontinuous pattern.11-29-2012
20120298169Multi-junction Photovoltaic Cells - A multi junction photovoltaic device includes lower pn junction layers comprising silicon and upper pn junction layers formed over the lower pn junction layers. The upper pn junction layers include a CdTe layer, wherein the upper pn junction layers are electrically serially connected to the lower pn junction layers. The upper pn junction layers can convert a first portion of photons into a first electric voltage. The lower pn junction layers can convert a second portion of photons into a second electric voltage lower than the first electric voltage.11-29-2012
20120298168THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL HAVING AN ETCHANT-RESISTANT ELECTRODE AND AN INTEGRATED BYPASS DIODE AND A PANEL INCORPORATING THE SAME - A thin-film solar cell having a photovoltaic junction layer including semiconducting material of first and second types, a front electrode formed of a transparent conductive oxide resistant to an etchant in contact with the semiconducting material of the first type, and a back electrode in contact with the semiconducting material of the second type. A bypass diode is supported on the support layer with at least the junction layer and the back electrode of the bypass diode being formed through separation from a selected parent solar cell. The separated portions of the junction layer and the back electrode of the diode are spaced from the selected parent solar cell in a direction substantially parallel to the axis of the parent cell. An conductor connects the semiconducting material of the second type of the diode with the semiconducting material of the first type of a chosen solar cell.11-29-2012
20120298166Solar Panel with Energy Efficient Bypass Diode System - A solar panel including N panel sections and individual bypass diodes for each panel section includes a panel bypass diode connected in parallel with and in opposite polarity to the solar panel. The solar panel may further include one or more group bypass diodes when the solar panel includes three or more panel sections. Each group bypass diode is connected across a group of M adjacent panel sections, M being selected from 2 to N−1. The group bypass diode is connected in parallel with and in opposite polarity to the group of M adjacent panel sections. A group bypass diode is fully forward biased to conduct current through the solar panel when the associated group of M adjacent panel sections experience performance degradation. The panel bypass diode is fully forward biased to conduct current through the solar panel when the N panel sections experience performance degradation.11-29-2012
20120090658TECHNOLOGICAL FIELD - A coated structure is provided that has a highly concentrated coating of carbon nanotubes so as to provide integrated thermal emissivity, atomic oxygen (AO) shielding and tailorable conductivity to the underlying surface, such as the surface of an aerospace vehicle, a solar array, an aeronautical vehicle or the like. A method of fabricating a coated structure is also provided in which a surface is coated with a coating having a relative high concentration of carbon nanotubes that is configured to provide integrated thermal emissivity, AO shielding and tailorable conductivity to the surface.04-19-2012
20120325282SOLAR CELLS WITH GRID WIRE INTERCONNECTIONS - A plurality of solar cells is connected together in a shingled fashion. Each of the solar cells includes grid wires that are attached to an electrode of the solar cell so as to receive charge carriers produced when photons are absorbed by the solar cell. The grid wires are then interconnected with adjacent solar cells when the solar cells are shingled together. The grid wires may be applied to the solar cells via a laminate and the electrical interconnection of the grid wires may be achieved by the use of a conductive epoxy.12-27-2012
20120325283Solar Power System with Communication Network Utilizing Magnetic Fields - A solar power system with a communications network for reporting the performance status of each solar module in the array. The network includes short range peer-to-peer wireless links between adjacent solar modules along the rows and columns of the array, resulting in a matrix network topology. The wireless links are implemented with modulated magnetic fields.12-27-2012
20120285502SOLAR MODULE ARRAYS AND DIODE CABLE - Solar module arrays are described, including a solar module for photovoltaic energy generation, a connection housing connected to the solar module for connecting the solar module to an electric load, and a free-wheeling diode connected antiparallel to the solar module. A diode cable is also described.11-15-2012
20120285504SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE USING SAID SOLAR CELL - The present invention is to provide a solar cell device which is manufacturable even if a substrate has wire marks on its surfaces, without causing breakage, etc. in collector electrodes. A solar cell according to the present invention includes a crystalline silicon substrate. The crystalline silicon substrate has its surfaces provided with collector electrodes including finger electrodes and bus bar electrodes. The finger electrodes are formed in parallel to wire marks which are present in the crystalline silicon substrate.11-15-2012
20120285501INTEGRATED BACK-SHEET FOR BACK CONTACT PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - An integrated back-sheet for a solar cell module with a plurality of electrically connected solar cells and a back-contact solar module made with the integrated back-sheet are provided. The back-sheet comprises a homogeneous polymeric substrate with a thickness of at least 0.25 mm. The polymeric substrate comprises 20 to 95 weight percent chlorosulfonated polyolefin and 1 to 50 weight percent of adhesive, based on the weight of the polymeric substrate. The adhesive is selected from thermoplastic and thermoset polymer adhesives and rosin based tackifiers. The integrated back-sheet also includes a plurality of electrically conductive metal wires disposed directly on a surface of the homogeneous polymeric substrate, and the opposite surface of the polymeric substrate is an exposed surface.11-15-2012
20120285503SOLAR CELL MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SAME - A first solar cell and a first solar cell are electrically connected to each other in such a manner that a conductive member made of a metal foil which is of the same type as that of the wiring member and one side portion of a wiring member are bonded together using a resin adhesive and the other side portion of the wiring member and the second solar cell are bonded together using a resin adhesive. A volume content of conductive particles in the resin adhesive is larger than a volume content of conductive particles in a resin adhesive bonding the wiring member and the solar cell together.11-15-2012
20100180926SOLAR POWER PLANT - A solar power plant is disclosed for converting solar energy into electric energy, and having a plurality of solar cell units, each solar cell unit containing a first cell pole and a second cell pole. The cell poles can cooperate for feeding electric energy produced by the solar cell unit as direct current out of the solar cell unit. A direct-current converter can include a plurality of direct-current input poles and two direct-current output poles, each direct-current input pole being connected to at least one cell pole. The direct-current converter can convert input direct currents entered via the direct-current input poles, and having input voltages, into an output direct current having an output voltage, and feed the output direct current via the direct-current output poles out of the direct-current converter. The direct-current converter can include a three-phase inverter unit having three phase poles and two direct-voltage poles, the inverter unit being adapted to serve as a direct-current converter in such a manner that each of the three phase poles are adapted as direct-current input poles and each of the direct-voltage poles is in electrically conductive connection to exactly one direct-current output pole of the direct-current converter.07-22-2010
20120138118DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - A dye-sensitized solar cell includes a base material that functions as an electrode, has flexibility, and has a porous layer, containing a dye-sensitizer-supported fine particle of a metal oxide semiconductor on one surface thereof. A counter electrode base material is arranged to oppose the base material for dye sensitized solar cell, functions as an electrode, and has flexibility. A solid electrolyte layer is provided between the base material for dye-sensitized solar cell and the counter electrode base material and contacts the porous layer. Among the base materials, at least one has transparency; and at least one has an insulating layer provided on a surface thereof. The insulating layer is provided in a region a region where the porous layer is formed, and where the base materials are opposed to each other. The insulating layer has an external communication portion that leads from an inside of the porous layer-forming region to outside.06-07-2012
20120138116DIRECT WAFER BONDING - The disclosure provides for a direct wafer bonding method including providing a bonding layer upon a first and second wafer, and directly bonding the first and second wafers together under heat and pressure. The method may be used for directly bonding an GaAs-based, InP-based, GaP-based, GaSb-based, or Ga(In)N-based device to a GaAs device by introducing a highly doped (Al)(Ga)InP(As)(Sb) layer between the devices. The bonding layer material forms a bond having high bond strength, low electrical resistance, and high optical transmittance.06-07-2012
20130008482Edge Mountable Electrical Connection Assembly - Methods and devices are provided for improved large-scale solar installations for a photovoltaic module with a plurality of photovoltaic cells positioned between a transparent module layer and a backside module layer. The module includes a first electrical lead extending outward from an edge of the module from between the transparent module layer and the backside module layer.01-10-2013
20130008481ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING ELEMENT AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - Disclosed herein is an electrically connecting element, which comprises a thin-film photovoltaic cells and an electrically connecting element disposed on a back surface of the film photovoltaic cells. The electrically connecting element comprises a conductive wire and an insulating wrapper wrapped around the conductive wire. The conductive wire has two ends and a bonding portion positioned therebetween. The insulating wrapper has a notch exposing the bonding portion. The two ends extend out of the insulating wrapper. At least one of the two ends is in contact with a bus electrode of the film photovoltaic cells, and the bonding portion is in contact with another bus electrode of the film photovoltaic cells.01-10-2013
20080210286Parallel and virtual parallel interconnection of solar cells in solar panels - A preferred solar panel of rectilinear geometry has n row of m solar cells each row in a regular grid array. The cells constituting each row are wired in parallel. The rows are wired in series and an equalizing network of (1) n−1 capacitors 09-04-2008
20100132762ENVIRONMENTAL BARRIER COATING FOR ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND METHODS THEREOF - Improved environmental barrier coatings and improved organic semiconductor devices employing the improved environmental barrier coatings are disclosed herein. Methods of making and using the improved coatings and devices are also described. An improved environmental barrier coating generally includes a primary barrier layer, a secondary barrier layer disposed on the primary barrier layer, and a passivation layer disposed on the secondary barrier layer. The secondary barrier layer is formed using atomic layer deposition.06-03-2010
20100132761SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes a plate-shaped solar panel including a plurality of solar cells arranged on same plane; a plate-shaped cell protection member that covers the plural solar cells that are arranged on the same plane; and a surface protection member that is bonded onto a top surface of the cell protection member; an outer frame that supports a circumference of the solar panel; and a brace having rigidity against bending and that supports a center area of a back surface of the solar panel in such a manner that both ends of the brace are joined to each of two opposed positions of the outer frame. An initial tension is provided to the brace.06-03-2010
20130014803WAFER LEVEL INTERCONNECTION OF INVERTED METAMORPHIC MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS - A method of forming a plurality of discrete, interconnected solar cells mounted on a carrier by providing a first semiconductor substrate; depositing on the first substrate a sequence of layers of semiconductor material forming a solar cell structure; forming a metal back contact layer over the solar cell structure; mounting a carrier on top of the metal back contact; removing the first substrate; and lithographically patterning and etching the solar cell structure to form a plurality of discrete solar cells mounted on the carrier.01-17-2013
20130014801BACK CONTACT SOLAR MODULE AND ELECTRODE SOLDERING METHOD THEREFORAANM Chen; Yi-ChiaAACI Hsin-ChuAACO TWAAGP Chen; Yi-Chia Hsin-Chu TWAANM Liu; De-ChihAACI Hsin-ChuAACO TWAAGP Liu; De-Chih Hsin-Chu TWAANM Huang; Ming-YuanAACI Hsin-ChuAACO TWAAGP Huang; Ming-Yuan Hsin-Chu TWAANM Huang; Chiu-HuaAACI Hsin-ChuAACO TWAAGP Huang; Chiu-Hua Hsin-Chu TW - A back contact solar module and an electrode soldering method therefor are disclosed. The back contact solar module includes a substrate, two solar cells formed on the substrate, and a curved solder part. The curved solder part is soldered onto an electrode solder pad of each solar cell. The curved solder part has a curved portion between the two solder pads. The curved portion curves parallel to the substrate. Therefore, the invention utilizes the elasticity in structure or the allowable deformation of the curved portion to release the internal stress induced by the soldering on the electrode pads or by a following lamination packaging, which solves the problem in the prior art that the internal residual stress in an electrode solder part harmfully affects the electrical connection between solar cells.01-17-2013
20130014802SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL ASSEMBLYAANM ZIMMERMAN; ClausAACI MuenchenAACO DEAAGP ZIMMERMAN; Claus Muenchen DE - Solar cell including a substrate with first p-n-junction, separating the substrate into front portion having first doping and rear portion having second doping, being located close to front surface of substrate. A front layer having a p-n-junction, separating the front layer into front portion having first doping and rear portion having second doping. At least one first electric contact provided on front side of the solar cell electrically connected to front portion of the front layer, and second electric contact provided on rear side of solar cell electrically connected to a contact point provided on front side of the solar cell. Contact point is placed on a bottom surface of a groove open to front side of the cell and extending to rear portion of substrate, and an electrical connection between the second electric contact and the contact point is provided by the rear portion.01-17-2013
20130014800PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SCRIBING A PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICEAANM Stephens; JasonAACI Mountain ViewAAST CAAACO USAAGP Stephens; Jason Mountain View CA USAANM Girotra; KunalAACI Mountain ViewAAST CAAACO USAAGP Girotra; Kunal Mountain View CA USAANM Hussen; GuleidAACI Mountain ViewAAST CAAACO USAAGP Hussen; Guleid Mountain View CA US - A photovoltaic device includes first and second photovoltaic cells, with each of the first and second photovoltaic cells having a substrate, a lower electrode disposed above the substrate along a deposition axis and that includes a conductive light transmissive layer, one or more semiconductor layers disposed above the substrate along the deposition axis, and an upper electrode disposed above the one or more semiconductor layers along the deposition axis. The semiconductor layers convert incident light into an electric current. The first and second photovoltaic cells are separated by first and second separation gaps. The first separation gap extend along the deposition axis through the lower electrode from the substrate and the second separation gap extends from a deposition surface of the light transmissive layer of the lower electrode and through a remainder of the lower electrode and the one or more semiconductor layers along the deposition axis.01-17-2013
20130019919CURRENT COLLECTOR BAR AND GRID PATTERN FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR CELL - A solar panel has a number of rectilinear photovoltaic solar cells. Each solar cell has four edges, a current collector bar having at least two conductively coupled collector bar segments, and a grid of electrodes conductively coupled to the collector bar. A first collector bar segment is substantially parallel to and proximate to a first edge of the solar cell, a second collector bar segment is substantially parallel to and proximate to a second edge of the solar cell, the second edge being orthogonal with respect to the first edge. In some disclosed techniques, the solar panel has a string of solar cells disposed on a surface of the solar panel in a substantially spiral or serpentine manner and no solar cell within the string is electrically connected to another solar cell in the string by any means other than a cell interconnect.01-24-2013
20090139558PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - It is an object of the present invention to provide a photoelectric conversion device with an excellent photoelectric converting characteristic while effectively utilizing silicon semiconductor material. A photoelectric conversion device comprises a first electrode, a first unit cell including a single-crystal semiconductor layer which is obtained by cleaving a single crystal semiconductor substrate at a damaged layer, a second unit cell including a non-single-crystal semiconductor layer, an intermediate layer including a transition metal oxide, and a second electrode, wherein the first unit cell and second unit cell are connected in series with the intermediate layer interposed therebetween and are sandwiched between the first electrode and the second electrode.06-04-2009
20080236650Method and system for manufacturing solar panels using an integrated solar cell using a plurality of photovoltaic regions - A solar panel apparatus and method. The apparatus has an optically transparent member comprising a predetermined thickness and an aperture surface region. The apparatus has a solar cell coupled to a portion of the optically transparent member. In a specific embodiment, the solar cell includes a transparent polymeric member and a plurality of photovoltaic regions provided within a portion of the transparent polymeric member. In a specific embodiment, the plurality of photovoltaic regions occupies at least about 10 percent of the aperture surface region of the transparent polymeric member and less than about 80% of the aperture surface region of the transparent polymeric member.10-02-2008
20080236647Apparatus to reduce the cost of renewable hydrogen fuel generation by electrolysis using combined solar and grid power - One embodiment of the invention includes a PV array and an electrolyzer operatively connected together and each operatively connected to a utility power grid so that electricity produced by the PV array is selectively delivered to the utility power grid and the electrolyzer. The resulting process increases the efficiency of the solar-hydrogen production process, and results in lower-cost renewable hydrogen.10-02-2008
20100089433SOLAR ARRAY SUPPORT METHODS AND SYSTEMS - Systems and methods for disposing and supporting a solar panel array are disclosed. The embodiments comprise various combinations of cables, support columns, and pod constructions in which to support solar panels. The solar panels can incorporate single or dual tracking capabilities to enhance sunlight capture. The embodiments encourage dual land use in which installation of the systems minimizes disruption of the underlying ground. Supplemental power may be provided by vertical axis windmills integrated with the columns. Special installations of the system can include systems mounted over structures such as parking lots, roads and aqueducts.04-15-2010
20080230108SOLAR PANEL APPARATUS AND METHOD UTILIZING POUNDED VERTICAL SUPPORTS - A solar panel array that comprises at least two vertical supports, a horizontal support, and at least one solar panel positioned thereon. The vertical supports are provided with a gradual twist, preferably following an extrusion process, so as to permit the supports to rotate as they are pounded into the ground.09-25-2008
20080223429Solar Cell (Sliver) Sub-Module Formation - A solar cell sub-module (09-18-2008
20080223428All printed solar cell array - The present invention relates to a method for producing a photovoltaic novelty item. Conductive polymer solutions and semiconductive oxide dispersions are formulated into inks that are laid down on top of one another to produce voltage and current when exposed to light. In addition, these inks may be printed on novelty items, such as magazine advertisements or greeting cards, connecting to printed light emitting graphics.09-18-2008
20130167900SOLAR CELLS WITH MULTIPLE DYES - The present invention relates to the field of dye sensitized solar cell, using several dyes and to a method for preparing them rapidly and efficiently focussing on a rapid method for dye sensitization.07-04-2013
20130167898BIFACIAL SOLAR CELL MODULE - A bifacial solar cell module includes a solar cell panel including a plurality of strings arranged in a row direction. Each of the plurality of strings is formed by electrically connecting a plurality of bifacial solar cells arranged adjacent to one another in a column direction using an interconnector. The bifacial solar cell module further includes a plurality of lead wires electrically connecting an interconnector of the bifacial solar cell positioned at an end of each string to a junction box. At least one of the plurality of strings includes the n bifacial solar cells, and other strings not including the n bifacial solar cells include more than n bifacial solar cells, where n is a positive integer equal to or greater than 1.07-04-2013
20130174885ELECTRICAL ROUTING STRUCTURES FOR BUILDING INTEGRABLE PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAYS - Provided are electrical routing structures for installing on buildings and for interconnecting adjacent rows of building integrable photovoltaic (BIPV) modules at the ends of these rows. The electrical routing structures may be also used for sealing interfaces with other building components, such as asphalt shingles. An electrical routing structure may include a base, top flap, side flap, and one or two connectors. After the structure is installed, the base is aligned with photovoltaic portions of BIPV modules in one row and bridges a gap between photovoltaic portions of BIPV modules in two adjacent rows. The connectors may be used to interconnect BIPV modules positioned at the ends of two adjacent rows.07-11-2013
20130174886CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE SHEET AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A conductive adhesive sheet includes a conductive adhesive layer, and a light reflective layer formed on one surface in the thickness direction of the conductive adhesive layer.07-11-2013
20130174888APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REMOVING DUST AND OTHER PARTICULATE CONTAMINANTS FROM A DEVICE FOR COLLECTING SOLAR RADIATION - A device has at least one element collecting solar radiation and a layer arranged above the at least one element and having a conductive structure. The at least one element is configured so that an electrical voltage can be applied between the conductive structures and the at least one element, thereby generating an electrical field at the layer for removing particles therefrom.07-11-2013
20130167899SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL SYSTEM - A solar cell includes an integrated structure. The integrated structure includes a first electrode layer, a P-type silicon layer, an N-type silicon layer, and a second electrode layer arranged in the above sequence. At least one curved surface is defined on the integrated structure. The integrated structure includes a P-N junction near an interface between the P-type silicon layer and the N-type silicon layer; and a photoreceptive surface exposing the P-N junction. The photoreceptive surface is one the at least one curved surface of the integrated structure and is configured to receive incident light beams.07-04-2013
20130167901THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME - In a thin-film photovoltaic cell, a rear electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a transparent electrode layer are stacked in this order on a surface of an insulating substrate, and a first back electrode layer and a second back electrode layer are stacked in this order on a surface of the insulating substrate. The transparent electrode layer and the second back electrode layer are electrically connected to each other by a first through-hole that penetrates through the insulating substrate. The rear electrode layer and the first back electrode layer are electrically connected to each other by a second through-hole that penetrates through the insulating substrate. The transparent electrode layer around the second through-hole is removed, and the transparent electrode layer and the second back electrode layer are electrically insulated from each other at the second through-hole.07-04-2013
20130174887OUTER FRAME OF SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module comprises: a solar panel in which a plurality of solar cells converting sunlight into electrical power on both front and back surfaces are sandwiched between front and back light-transmissive members via a filler; an outer frame into which the solar panel is fitted; and a DC-AC converting circuit that converts the power generated by the solar cells and is attached to the outer frame.07-11-2013
20080216887Interconnect Technologies for Back Contact Solar Cells and Modules - Methods and systems for interconnecting back contact solar cells. The solar cells preferably have reduced area busbars, or are entirely busbarless, and current is extracted from a variety of points on the interior of the cell surface. The interconnects preferably relieve stresses due to solder reflow and other thermal effects. The interconnects may be stamped and include external or internal structures which are bonded to the solder pads on the solar cell. These structures are designed to minimize thermal stresses between the interconnect and the solar cell. The interconnect may alternatively comprise porous metals such as wire mesh, wire cloth, or expanded metal, or corrugated or fingered strips. The interconnects are preferably electrically isolated from the solar cell by an insulator which is deposited on the cell, placed on the cell as a discrete layer, or laminated directly to desired areas of the interconnect.09-11-2008
20080216885Spectrally adaptive multijunction photovoltaic thin film device and method of producing same - A method is provided for converting optical energy to electrical energy in a spectrally adaptive manner. The method begins by directing optical energy into a first photovoltaic module that includes non-single crystalline semiconductor layers defining a junction such that a first spectral portion of the optical energy is converted into a first quantity of electrical energy. A second spectral portion of the optical energy unabsorbed by the first module is absorbed by a second photovoltaic module that includes non-single crystalline semiconductor layers defining a junction and converted into a second quantity of electrical energy. The first quantity of electrical energy is conducted from the first module to a first external electrical circuit along a first path. The second quantity of electrical energy is conducted from the second module to a second external electrical circuit along a second path that is in parallel with the first path.09-11-2008
20130133715SOLAR CELL, AND SOLAR CELL SYSTEM - A solar cell includes a first electrode layer, a P-type silicon layer, an N-type silicon layer, a second electrode layer, and a reflector. The first electrode layer, the P-type silicon layer, the N-type silicon layer, and the second electrode layer are arranged in series side by side along a first direction and in contact with each other, thereby cooperatively forming a integrated structure. A P-N junction is formed near an interface between the P-type silicon layer and the N-type silicon layer. The integrated structure has a first surface substantially parallel to the first direction and a second surface opposite to the first surface. The first surface is used as a photoreceptive surface to directly receive incident light. The reflector is located on the second surface of the integrated structure.05-30-2013
20130133712Three Terminal Thin Film Photovoltaic Module and Their Methods of Manufacture - Thin film photovoltaic devices are generally provided having three terminals. In one embodiment, the thin film photovoltaic device can include a first submodule defined by a first plurality of photovoltaic cells between a first dead cell and a first terminal cell; a second submodule defined by a second plurality of photovoltaic cells between a second dead cell and a second terminal cell; and a joint bus bar electrically connected to the first dead cell and the second dead cell. The first dead cell is adjacent to the second dead cell, with the first dead cell being separated from the second dead cell via a separation scribe. Methods are also generally provided for forming a thin film photovoltaic device.05-30-2013
20130112235PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE, AND PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE - It is an object of the present invention to provide a photoelectric conversion device and a photoelectric conversion module with enhanced conversion efficiency.05-09-2013
20130092209THIN FILM SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A thin film solar cell module according to an embodiment of the invention includes a substrate, a plurality of solar cells each including a first electrode on the substrate, a second electrode on the first electrode, and a photoelectric conversion unit between the first electrode and the second electrode, a ribbon positioned on each of first and second outermost solar cells among the solar cells, and a conductive adhesive part positioned between the first outermost solar cell and the ribbon and between the second outermost solar cell and the ribbon. The conductive adhesive part positioned between the second electrode of the first outermost solar cell and the ribbon includes a first connector, which is electrically connected to the first electrode, the photoelectric conversion unit, and the second electrode of the first outermost solar cell.04-18-2013
20130092210LIGHT AND CARRIER COLLECTION MANAGEMENT PHOTOVOLTAIC STRUCTURES - A photovoltaic device is provided that includes a periodic array having a unit cell with a first electrode protrusion of a height H, characteristic width W, and period L. An absorber of nominal thickness T has a volume with a first component between the electrode element protrusions and a second component completely covering the electrode protrusions, H, W, and L for a given T allow carrier collection from the majority of points within the volume and simultaneously to enhance the photon density distribution within the absorber resulting from path length, photonic and plasmonic effects produced by the topology and morphology created by the electrode shapes and the volume distribution between the first and the second components.04-18-2013
20130092208System and Apparatus for Arc Detection and Location in Solar Arrays - A system and apparatus for detecting and locating an arc fault in a photovoltaic solar power array. A plurality of capacitors divide strings of photovoltaic cells into a series of magnetic loops. When an arc fault occurs within one of the loops, a time-varying magnetic field is produced, with flux lines emanating from the area enclosed by the loop. At least three magnetic field sensors arranged at locations in or around the solar power array detect the spectral signature of the arc fault, and send related data to a computer via a communication network. The computer analyzes the data from the sensors to determine the location of the arc fault.04-18-2013
20130112234SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes solar cells and an interconnection member configured to connect the solar cells. At least one of the solar cells has a light-receiving surface including a light-receiving side electrode, a back surface including a back-side electrode, and a coating film formed on substantially the entire light-receiving surface except at least apart of the light-receiving side electrode in such a manner that the at least part is exposed from the coating film. The interconnection member is electrically connected to the part of the electrode exposed from the coating film and is mechanically connected to the coating film.05-09-2013
20130098421FLEXIBLE SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND RELATED MANUFACTURING METHOD - A flexible solar battery module includes a flexible insulating base and a plurality of solar batteries separately disposed on the flexible insulating base. The solar battery includes a substrate disposed on the flexible insulating base, a first electrode disposed on the substrate, a photoelectric transducing layer disposed on the first electrode and exposing parts of the first electrode, and a second electrode disposed on the photoelectric transducing layer. The flexible solar battery module further includes an insulating layer disposed on the exposed first electrode of each solar battery and the exposed flexible insulating base between the adjacent solar batteries, and an auxiliary electrode disposed on the second electrode of each solar battery and the exposed first electrode of the adjacent solar battery for setting the plurality of solar batteries in a series connection.04-25-2013
20130112233INTERDIGITATED FOIL INTERCONNECT FOR REAR-CONTACT SOLAR CELLS - Layers of conductive foil and insulating material are configured to interconnect an array of rear-contact solar cells. An embodiment provides that the layer of conductive foil may be patterned to form repeating sets of electrically isolated, interdigitated fingers. Each set of interdigitated fingers may be used to connect the positive polarity contacts of a first rear-contact solar cell to the negative polarity contacts of a second, adjacent rear-contact cell. The insulating layer is attached to the patterned conductive foil and provides mechanical support and/or electrical isolation. In some embodiments, a protective backsheet may be disposed beneath the conductive foil and/or insulating layer to provide further mechanical support and environmental protection. In some embodiments, the layers of conductive foil and insulating material may be incorporated as an interconnect circuit in a rear-contact PV module.05-09-2013
20130098424THIN-FILM SOLAR BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - Cells including a first electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a second electrode layer on a translucent substrate are connected. Between adjacent cells, a first separating groove separates the first electrode layer, a second separating groove separates the second electrode layer, and a connecting groove electrically connects the second electrode layer of a cell and the first electrode layer of the other. A reflective film is provided on the second electrode layer having a transparent conductive film and a metal film stacked in this order on the photoelectric conversion layer and at least the metal film is patterned into lines. The metal film is patterned into lines with a same width within the connecting groove and is connected to the first electrode layer of the adjacent cell. The reflective film is provided in the connecting groove where the metal film is not formed and in the second separating groove.04-25-2013
20130118546High Efficiency Multijunction Solar Cells - Multijunction solar cells having at least four subcells are disclosed, in which at least one of the subcells comprises a base layer formed of an alloy of one or more elements from group III on the periodic table, nitrogen, arsenic, and at least one element selected from the group consisting of Sb and Bi, and each of the subcells is substantially lattice matched. Methods of manufacturing solar cells and photovoltaic systems comprising at least one of the multijunction solar cells are also disclosed.05-16-2013
20110265844PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE, METHOD FOR ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING A PLURALITY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS, AND DEVICE FOR ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING A PLURALITY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - In various embodiments, a photovoltaic module may include: a plurality of photovoltaic cells, at least one photovoltaic cell of the number of photovoltaic cells comprising: a first plurality of contact wires on a front of the photovoltaic cell; and a second plurality of contact wires on a rear of the photovoltaic cell. The first plurality of contact wires and the second plurality of contact wires may be arranged offset with respect to one another.11-03-2011
20110265841SEE-THROUGH SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A see-through solar battery module includes a transparent substrate, a plurality of striped metal electrodes formed on the transparent substrate along a first direction, and a plurality of striped photoelectric transducing layers respectively formed on the corresponding striped metal electrodes and the transparent substrate along the first direction. A side of each striped photoelectric transducing layer is formed on the transparent substrate and not contacting the adjacent striped metal electrode. The see-through solar battery module further includes a plurality of striped transparent electrodes respectively formed on the transparent substrate, the corresponding striped metal electrodes, and the corresponding striped photoelectric transducing layers along the first direction, so that the plurality of striped metal electrodes and the plurality of striped transparent electrodes are in series connection along a second direction different from the first direction.11-03-2011
20110265840SOLAR PANEL EFFICIENCY ESTIMATOR - A photovoltaic efficiency estimator, comprising a photovoltaic cell covered by a sunlight-penetrable surface; an illuminator for artificially illuminating said surface; and a controller connected to said photovoltaic cell and to said illuminator, said controller being configured to measure an amount of voltage produced in said photovoltaic cell as a result of the artificial illumination by said illuminator, so as to estimate a decrease in the efficiency of said photovoltaic cell caused by dirt on said surface.11-03-2011
20130125953SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes solar cells. Each solar cell has a first bus bar electrode on one principal surface, and a second bus bar electrode on the other principal surface; and a conductive connecting member. The conductive connecting member has a first principal surface in an uneven shape and a second principal surface in a flat shape, the second principal surface being on an opposite side of the first principal surface. The first bus bar electrode is connected to the second principal surface of the conductive connecting member. The second bus bar electrode is connected to the first principal surface of the conductive connecting member. A region width of the second bus bar electrode in a short side direction of the conductive connecting member is larger than that of the first bus bar electrode.05-23-2013
20130125954STACKED PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE - A back metal electrode, a bottom cell using microcrystalline silicon for a photoelectric conversion layer, a front cell using amorphous silicon for a photoelectric conversion layer, and a transparent front electrode are formed in this order on a supporting substrate. At least one of the concentration of impurities contained in the front photoelectric conversion layer and the concentration of impurities contained in the bottom photoelectric conversion layer is controlled such that the concentration of impurities in the bottom photoelectric conversion layer is higher than the concentration of impurities in the front photoelectric conversion layer. Impurities do not include a p-type dopant or an n-type dopant but are any one, two, or all of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen.05-23-2013
20130125951SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULE - Disclosed is a solar cell module that includes: a plurality of solar cells connected with one another in such a manner that electrodes formed on surfaces of neighboring solar cells are connected with each other through a wiring member. A portion of the wiring member bites the electrodes, and the solar cells and the wiring member are bonded to each other by a resin.05-23-2013
20130125950SELF-ACTIVATED FRONT SURFACE BIAS FOR A SOLAR CELL - A self-activated front surface bias for photovoltaic solar cell assembly is provided. The solar cell assembly comprises a front surface electrical bias activated by electrical energy generated by the solar cell assembly. The front surface bias improves generation efficiency for said solar cell assembly.05-23-2013
20130125952SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module includes first and second solar cells disposed adjacent to each other, and diffuse reflection wiring material including a front surface in which a textured diffuse-reflection portion for diffusely reflecting light is formed and a back surface, the back surface being connected to a front surface side of the first solar cell, the front surface being connected to one of aback surface of the second solar cell and an intermediate wiring material. A part of the diffuse-reflection portion corresponding to a first connection area where the diffuse reflection wiring material is connected to the one of the second solar cell and an intermediate wiring material has not texture or has a smaller height of the texture in a thickness direction than a part of the diffuse-reflection portion corresponding to a second connection area where the diffuse reflection wiring material to the first solar cell.05-23-2013
20130133713Three Terminal Thin Film Photovoltaic Module and Their Methods of Manufacture - Thin film photovoltaic devices including a first submodule and a second submodule are provided. In the device, a common insulation layer can be positioned over first submodule to extend from a joint bus bar to a first bus bar. A first lead can be electrically connected to the first bus bar, and a second lead can be electrically connected to the joint bus bar. A linking insulation layer can be positioned over the first submodule, the second submodule, and the joint bus bar such that the linking insulation layer extends from the first bus bar to the second bus bar. A conductive link can be electrically connected to the first bus bar and the second bus bar, but electrically isolated from the joint bus bar. Methods are also provided for forming a pair of electrical leads on a thin film photovoltaic device05-30-2013
20110048493SOLAR CELL - Provided is a solar cell. The solar cell includes a photovoltaic conversion device having first surface and the second surface on the opposite side, a first electrode connected to the first surface, a second electrode connected to the second surface, and an alkaline metal containing layer contacting one of the first and second electrodes.03-03-2011
20080202577Dynamic design of solar cell structures, photovoltaic modules and corresponding processes - Photovoltaic modules can be formed with a plurality of solar cells having different sized structures to improve module performance. The sized can be determined dynamically based on estimated properties of the semiconductor so that the current outputs of the cells in the module are more similar to each other. The modules can produce higher power relative to modules with similar equal sized cells that do not produce matched currents. Appropriate dynamic processing methods are described that include processing steps that provide adjustments of the processing according to the dynamic adjustments in cell designs.08-28-2008
20080202576Solar cell structures, photovoltaic panels and corresponding processes - Photovoltaic modules comprise solar cells having doped domains of opposite polarities along the rear side of the cells. The doped domains can be located within openings through a dielectric passivation layer. In some embodiments, the solar cells are formed form thin silicon foils. Doped domains can be formed by printing inks along the rear surface of the semiconducting sheets. The dopant inks can comprise nanoparticles having the desired dopant.08-28-2008
20080196756ROLL-TO-ROLL INTEGRATION OF THIN FILM SOLAR MODULES - A photovoltaic module which has at least two solar cells, and a method and system to manufacture such photovoltaic modules. The solar cells are disposed on a surface of an insulating carrier film and an isolation structure is formed between the solar cells to electrically isolate them. A conductor structure such as conductive fingers and busbars is formed on the module. The fingers are formed substantially on the top transparent conductive layer of the cells and the busbar is formed substantially over the insulation structure. The busbar electrically connects the top transparent conductive layer of one of the cells to the conductive base of the other cell.08-21-2008
20110247674Sealing composition, multiple glass and solar cell panel - A sealing composition containing a rubber component and polyolefin, wherein the rubber component contains butyl rubber and polyisobutylene having a viscosity average molecular weight in the range of 500,000 to 3,000,000, the mixing ratio of the rubber component to 100 parts by weight of the total amount of the rubber component and the polyolefin is in the range of 40 to 90 parts by weight, and the sealing composition contains 0 to 30 parts by weight of a hygroscopic compound with respect to 100 parts by weight of the total amount of the rubber component.10-13-2011
20130146118Silicone Junction Box and Assemblies - This invention comprises a silicone junction box comprising a silicone base member comprising a silicone composition for housing an electrical connection and a cover member in sealing operative contact with the silicone base member; and a photovoltaic panel assembly and photovoltaic system comprising the silicone junction box.06-13-2013
20100282293ILLUMINATION AGNOSTIC SOLAR PANEL - In one example, a photovoltaic module includes a plurality of discrete photovoltaic cells arranged in a plurality of cell rows, and a substantially electrically conductive and continuous area backsheet. The photovoltaic cells in each cell row are electrically connected in parallel to each other. The cell rows are electrically connected in series to each other and include a first row and a last row. The backsheet forms a current return path between the first and last rows. The photovoltaic cells are configured such that, in operation, current flows substantially uni-directionally through the plurality of photovoltaic cells between the first row and the last row.11-11-2010
20100282287Solar-charge - This process of charging electric and electrically backed up vehicles is done through roof mounted solar panels. With the rising cost and burning fossil fuels, it is designed to extend battery duration while in transit, keeping the electric motors running longer. These solar panels adhere directly to the roofs of any trailer in tow, being very thin, they keep the trailer aerodynamic. This technology is to be used in conjunction with the development of trucks using hybrid technology. Also, this process can be used to power the basic electrical needs of the truck the trailer is connected to, including the air conditioning.11-11-2010
20120255592PHOTOVOLTAIC PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A photovoltaic panel includes a photovoltaic array, an electrically conductive busbar, a plurality of electrically conductive fingers and an electrically conductive ribbon. The electrically conductive busbar is disposed on the photovoltaic array and having a plurality of connection ribs. The electrically conductive fingers are disposed on the photovoltaic array and connected with the connection ribs respectively. The electrically conductive ribbon is soldered on the electrically conductive busbar, wherein a gap is formed between each electrically conductive finger and the electrically conductive ribbon.10-11-2012
20100307562Preventing Harmful Polarization Of Solar Cells - In one embodiment, harmful solar cell polarization is prevented or minimized by providing a conductive path that bleeds charge from a front side of a solar cell to the bulk of a wafer. The conductive path may include patterned holes in a dielectric passivation layer, a conductive anti-reflective coating, or layers of conductive material formed on the top or bottom surface of an anti-reflective coating, for example. Harmful solar cell polarization may also be prevented by biasing a region of a solar cell module on the front side of the solar cell.12-09-2010
20100307561DOPED METAL CONTACT - A photovoltaic device can include a second metal layer adjacent to a first layer, where the first layer is positioned adjacent to a substrate, and where the second metal layer includes a dopant; and a copper-indium-gallium diselenide (CIGS) layer adjacent to the second metal layer.12-09-2010
20100307560SELF-REMEDIATING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE - A method for manufacturing a photovoltaic module can include depositing a heavy metal-immobilizing agent proximate to one or more components of a photovoltaic module.12-09-2010
20100307559PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - An object is to provide a photoelectric conversion device whose mechanical strength is increased without complicating a manufacturing process. The photoelectric conversion device includes a first cell having a photoelectric conversion function, a second cell having a photoelectric conversion function, and a structure body including a fibrous body which firmly attaches the first cell and the second cell. As a result, p-i-n junctions are bonded with the structure body in which the fibrous body is impregnated with an organic resin, which is a so-called prepreg. Thus, a photoelectric conversion device whose mechanical strength is increased can be realized while the manufacturing cost is reduced.12-09-2010
20100307558PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - To provide a multi junction photoelectric conversion device which can be manufactured using a simple method. The photoelectric conversion device includes a first cell provided with a photoelectric conversion function, a second cell provided with a photoelectric conversion function, and a structure body having a function of fixing the first cell and the second cell to each other and electrically connecting the first cell and the second cell to each other. A multi junction photoelectric conversion device in which sufficient conductivity between p-i-n junctions is provided and semiconductor junctions are connected in series can be provided. With this structure, it is possible to obtain sufficient electromotive force.12-09-2010
20100307557PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A multi junction photoelectric conversion device that can be manufactured by a simple method is provided. In addition, a photoelectric conversion device whose mechanical strength is increased without complicating a manufacturing process is provided. A photoelectric conversion device includes a first cell having a photoelectric conversion function, a second cell having a photoelectric conversion function, and a structure body including a fibrous body, which firmly attaches and electrically connects the first cell and the second cell to each other. Accordingly, a multi-junction photoelectric conversion device in which semiconductor junctions are connected in series and sufficient electrical connection between p-i-n junctions is ensured can be provided.12-09-2010
20100307556PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF COMPOUND CONTAINING 6A GROUP ELEMENT USING REDUCTANT - Provided is a process for preparation of a compound containing a group 6A element which includes reaction of at least one compound selected from a group consisting of group IB element containing compounds and group 3 A element containing compounds with a group 6A element containing compound carried out using a reductant in a desirable solvent to produce a compound containing group 1B-6A elements, a compound containing group 3 A-6A elements and/or a compound containing group 1B-3A-6A elements.12-09-2010
20100307554Solar Roman Blinds - A vertical solar collector system having several slat-like members each of which has a custom design and radiation-reflecting surface and a heat exchange mechanism, radiation being reflected from the reflecting surface of one member of the collector to the heat exchange mechanism of another member. The members can be oriented to provide energy collection during certain periods of time and then re-oriented to provide a thermal insulating function.12-09-2010
20120273022SOLAR CELL AND ASSEMBLY OF A PLURALITY OF SOLAR CELLS - The invention relates to a solar cell (11-01-2012
20120273021Buss Bar Strip - A buss bar strip for mounting to a solar panel to electrically connect to a series of electrical lines extending from solar cells. The buss bar strip can include a thin elongate flat flexible strip of insulative material having a longitudinal length. A predetermined pattern of elongate conductors can be longitudinally disposed on the insulative strip in at least two rows along the longitudinal length and electrically isolated from each other. Each conductor can have a predetermined position, length, and spacing from each other on the insulative strip for laterally electrically connecting to selected electrical lines from the solar cells at lateral electrical connection points located along the length of the conductor on exposed surfaces on the conductor.11-01-2012
20100313930SOLAR BATTERY MODULE, AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENT, ELECTRIC COMPONENT AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS MOUNTING THE SAME - All solar battery cells are in a matrix disposition. Each row of the matrix includes at least two cell groups, and each column of the matrix includes at least two cell groups.12-16-2010
20100313928Photovoltaic Array With Array-Roof Integration Member - One embodiment relates to a photovoltaic (PV) apparatus. The PV apparatus includes a plurality of photovoltaic modules arranged in an array and attached to a support structure which is attached to a roof. Each of the photovoltaic modules comprises a plurality of photovoltaic cells. A first array-roof integration member is attached to a first side of the array. The array-roof integration member covers a gap between the first side of the array and the roof. Another embodiment relates to a method of installing a photovoltaic apparatus upon a sloped roof. Another embodiment relates to a kit for mounting a photovoltaic apparatus on a roof. Other embodiments, aspects and features are also disclosed herein.12-16-2010
20110232716DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL - A dye-sensitized solar cell including one or more photoelectric cells for performing photoelectric transformation; a first substrate and a second substrate, the first and second substrates facing each other; an electrolyte between the first substrate and the second substrate; an inner sealing member between the first substrate and the second substrate to define the one or more photoelectric cells and to seal the electrolyte within the one or more photoelectric cells; an outer sealing member a distance apart from the inner sealing member and surrounding the inner sealing member; and a fluid filled between the inner sealing member and the outer sealing member.09-29-2011
20110232715MINIMALLY PENETRATING PHOTOVOLTAIC ASSEMBLY FOR USE WITH A SLOPED ROOF AND RELATED METHODS - An assembly which is lightweight includes an interconnected array of PV modules, where each PV modules is defined in part by a module outer perimeter portion. This array is defined in part by an outer perimeter portion including an upper edge portion, side edge portions, and a lower edge portion. The array is secured to a sloped roof along at least one of the upper or lower edge portion of the array. The assembly further includes interlocking features along the module outer perimeter portion which distribute uplift forces to adjacent PV modules. Additionally included is at least one wind deflector located along the lower edge of the array and non-penetrating base feet disposed on the sloped roof supporting at least a portion of the array.09-29-2011
20110232717SEMICONDUCTORS COMPOSITIONS FOR DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS - The present application discloses compositions for thin film dye-sensitized solar cells in which nanoparticles of semiconductor material are tethered together in a nanonodular network using a multi-functional linking compound.09-29-2011
20130152991PHOTOELECTRIC MODULE - A photoelectric conversion module includes a plurality of electrically coupled cells, each including a first substrate on which a first electrode is located, a second substrate on which a second electrode is located, and a sealing member between the first and second substrates, and first and second electrode terminals respectively extending from the first and second electrodes to beyond edges of the sealing member on opposite sides of the sealing member, wherein positions of the first and second electrode terminals of adjacent ones of the cells are respectively different.06-20-2013
20130152993SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - The present invention provides a solar cell including a substrate, a first front bus, and a first rear bus. The substrate has a front surface and a rear surface. The first front bus is located on the front surface of the substrate along a first direction for collecting current generated by the substrate, and for providing a first front contact electrode. The first rear bus is located on the rear surface of the substrate along a second direction different from the first direction for collecting current generated by the substrate, and for providing a first rear contact electrode.06-20-2013
20130152995SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME - A solar cell module which not only can ensure that rays of light in a satisfactory amount enter the solar cells but also can suppress the deterioration of the antireflection film in reflectance to surely achieve excellent durability. By forming, on the surface of a first antireflection film, a second antireflection film having a void ratio smaller than that of the first antireflection film, CO06-20-2013
20130152994Solar Cell Combination - A solar cell combination having at least two independent electrodes, in which at least one first electrode is formed by at least one first wire conductor that first spans a plurality of solar cells, and in which the first and the second electrodes are contacted with each other, and the first and/or second electrode is disconnected at the positions required for the connection.06-20-2013
20130180564FIELD-EFFECT PHOTOVOLTAIC ELEMENTS - Photovoltaic devices such as solar cells having one or more field-effect hole or electron inversion/accumulation layers as contact regions are configured such that the electric field required for charge inversion and/or accumulation is provided by the output voltage of the photovoltaic device or that of an integrated solar cell unit. In some embodiments, a power source may be connected between a gate electrode and a contact region on the opposite side of photovoltaic device. In other embodiments, the photovoltaic device or integrated unit is self-powering.07-18-2013
20130180565SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL - A solar cell including a single crystal silicon substrate having electrical characteristic distribution, which is line-symmetric with respect to the center line in plan view, and in which portions equidistant from the center line have an electrical characteristic substantially uniform in an extending direction of the center line in the plan view, a semiconductor junction formed by using the single-crystal silicon substrate, and an electrode.07-18-2013
20130180566DEVICE FOR GENERATING PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME - Disclosed are a solar cell apparatus and a method of fabricating the same. The solar cell apparatus includes a substrate; a first cell on the substrate; a second cell adjacent to the first cell; a first insulating film covering the first and second cells; and a connection member connecting the first cell with the second cell. The first insulating film includes a first via hole for exposing the first cell and a second via hole for exposing the second cell, and the connection member connects the first cell with the second cell through the first and second via holes.07-18-2013
20130180567THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THIN-FILM SOLAR CELL - A thin-film solar cell includes a cell having a transparent electrode layer, a photoelectric conversion layer, and a back electrode layer stacked on a transparent insulation substrate. A plurality of cells are connected in series to constitute a cell string. A bus bar is arranged on the back electrode layer of an end cell constituting the cell string. The thin-film solar cell has a photoelectric conversion layer on a series-connection direction end of the transparent electrode layer. In plan view, a series-connection direction end of the back electrode layer at an end of the cell string and the series-connection direction end of the transparent electrode layer at the end of the cell string do not overlap, while the bus bar and the transparent electrode layer at the end cell constituting the cell string overlap at least partially. A method of fabricating the thin-film solar cell is provided.07-18-2013
20110284051Photoelectric Conversion Cell, Photoelectric Conversion Module, and Method for Manufacturing Photoelectric Conversion Cell - A photoelectric conversion cell includes a first electrode layer and a second electrode layer which are positioned apart from each other at an interval, a first semiconductor layer positioned on the first electrode layer and having a first conductivity type, a second semiconductor layer positioned on or above the first semiconductor layer and having a second conductivity type forming a p-n junction with the first semiconductor layer, a connecting part for electrically connecting the second semiconductor layer to the second electrode layer, and a linear electrode positioned on or above the second semiconductor layer and reaching a first end of the second semiconductor layer from the connecting part.11-24-2011
20110284050SOLAR CELL MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is a solar cell module (11-24-2011
20110303261DYE-SENSITISED SOLAR CELLS - The present invention relates to the field of dye sensitised solar cell and to a method for preparing them rapidly and efficiently focussing on a rapid method for dye sensitisation.12-15-2011
20110303260SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module includes an array substrate, a plurality of solar cells and a between-cell bus electrode. The solar cells are arranged to be adjacent to each other on the array substrate. Each of the solar cells includes a wire electrode. The bus electrode between the cells partially overlaps with each of adjacent solar cells and extends in a first direction, to be electrically connected to the wire electrode of each of the adjacent solar cells. Accordingly, the power efficiency of the solar cell module may be improved.12-15-2011
20110308570Collector grid, electrode structures and interrconnect structures for photovoltaic arrays and methods of manufacture - The invention teaches novel structure and methods for producing electrical current collectors and electrical interconnection structure. Such articles find particular use in facile production of modular arrays of photovoltaic cells. The current collector and interconnecting structures may be initially produced separately from the photovoltaic cells thereby allowing the use of unique materials and manufacture. Subsequent combination of the structures with photovoltaic cells allows facile and efficient completion of modular arrays. Methods for combining the collector and interconnection structures with cells and final interconnecting into modular arrays are taught12-22-2011
20110308569MULTI-TERMINAL SOLAR PANEL - A multi-terminal solar panel includes a first substrate, a first solar cell layer, a transparent intercellular layer, a second solar cell layer and a second substrate. The first solar cell layer is disposed on the first substrate and has a first bandgap. The first solar cell layer includes two first terminal outputs, arranged substantially in parallel with each other, at two opposite edges thereof. The transparent intercellular layer is disposed on the first solar cell layer and exposes the two first terminal outputs. The second solar cell layer is disposed on the transparent intercellular layer and has a second bandgap. The second solar cell layer includes two second terminal outputs, arranged substantially in parallel with each other, at two opposite edges thereof. The second substrate is disposed on the second solar cell layer, wherein the two second terminal outputs are substantially perpendicular to the two first terminal outputs.12-22-2011
20110308568Photoelectric Conversion Device - A photoelectric conversion device includes a first cell including a photoelectric conversion layer, a second cell over the first cell including a photoelectric conversion layer formed of a material having a wider band gap than that of the first cell, first and second electrodes under a surface of the first cell which is opposite to the second cell, and a third electrode over a surface of the second cell which is opposite to the first cell. The first and second cells each include a p-n or p-i-n junction, the first and second cells are in contact with each other and a p-n junction is formed in a contact portion therebetween, the first cell is electrically connected to the first and second electrodes to form a back contact structure, and the second cell is electrically connected to the third electrode.12-22-2011
20110308567SOLAR CELL INTERCONNECTION, MODULE, PANEL AND METHOD - A laminated module or panel of solar cells and a laminating method for making same comprise a top layer of melt flowable optically transparent molecularly flexible thermoplastic and a rear sheet of melt flowable insulating molecularly flexible thermoplastic both melt flowing at a temperature between about 80° C. and 250° C. and having a low glass transition temperature. Solar cells are encapsulated by melt flowing the top layer and rear sheet, and electrical connections are provided between front and back contacts thereof. Light passing through the transparent top layer impinges upon the solar cells and the laminated module exhibits sufficient flexural modulus without cross-linking chemical curing. Electrical connections may be provided by melt flowable electrically conductive molecularly flexible thermoplastic adhesive or by metal strips or by both.12-22-2011
20110308566PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND THE WAY OF CONNECTING PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES IN A PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM - The present disclosure relates to a solution enabling to lead out from the front of the photovoltaic module poles (+, −) of the electric wiring of the module's circuit by the use of glass applied in photovoltaics, with holes going through (12-22-2011
20110308564Apparatus and Methods for Solar Energy Conversion Using Nanoscale Cometal Structures - An apparatus and methods for solar conversion using nanoscale cometal structures are disclosed herein. The cometal structures may be coaxial and coplanar. A nanoscale optics apparatus for use as a solar cell comprises a plurality of nanoscale cometal structures each including a photovoltaic material located between a first electrical conductor and a second electrical conductor. A method of fabricating solar cells comprises preparing a plurality of nanoscale planar structures; coating a plurality of planar surfaces of the plurality of planar structures with a photovoltaic semiconductor while leaving space between the plurality of planar surfaces; and coating the photovoltaic semiconductor with an outer electrical conductor layer, wherein a portion of the outer electrical conductor layer is located between the planar structures to form coplanar structures.12-22-2011
20110308561Circuit limiting an absolute voltage difference between electrical paths of photovoltaic dies - A first electrical path has a terminal, and a second electrical path has a terminal. First photovoltaic (PV) dies are electrically connected within the first electrical path. Each first PV die is adapted to convert light having a first wavelength range to electrical energy. Second PV dies are electrically connected within the second electrical path. Each second PV die is adapted to convert light having a second wavelength range different than the first wavelength range to electrical energy. A circuit is electrically connected between the terminals of the first and the second electrical paths to limit an absolute voltage difference between the terminals to no greater than a threshold voltage.12-22-2011
20120000504DOUBLE SIDED TAPE - A double sided tape without pin holes has a plurality of flexible support and pressure sensitive adhesive layers.01-05-2012
20120017969SOLAR CELL DEVICE AND SOLAR CELL DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD - A solar cell device is formed of an insulating layer provided metal substrate and a photoelectric conversion circuit, which includes a photoelectric conversion layer, an upper electrode, and a lower electrode, formed on the substrate. The substrate is constituted by a metal substrate and a porous Al anodized film. The metal substrate is formed of a base material of a metal having a higher rigidity, a high heat resistance, and a smaller linear thermal expansion coefficient than Al and an Al material integrated by pressure bonding to at least one surface thereof, and the porous Al anodized film is formed on a surface of the Al material.01-26-2012
20120017968CONNECTION ASSEMBLY PROTECTION - A photovoltaic module may include an electrical connection assembly with increased corrosion protection.01-26-2012
20120017967SERIES AND PARALLEL DYE-SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL MODULE - Provided is a series and parallel dye-sensitized solar cell module. The series and parallel dye-sensitized solar cell module includes a plurality of parallel modules, each including a plurality of positive electrodes aligned on a conductive transparent film of a positive electrode substrate, a plurality of negative electrodes aligned on a conductive transparent film of a negative electrode substrate, a redox electrolyte filled between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, a positive electrode grid formed on the conductive transparent film of the positive electrode substrate to distribute electrons to the positive electrode, and a negative electrode grid formed on the conductive transparent film of the negative electrode substrate to capture electrons generated from the negative electrode, and an insulator configured to insulate the plurality of parallel modules from each other. Here, the negative electrode grid included in one of the plurality of parallel modules is connected with the positive electrode grid included in a neighboring parallel module which is next to the parallel module by surface contact.01-26-2012
20120017966SOLAR POWER GENERATION SYSTEM WITH CONE -SHAPED PROTRUSIONS ARRAY - A solar power generation system includes multiple cones connected to a base in an array fashion and each cone includes multiple solar panels connected to the boards thereof so that the incoming light is fully absorbed and most of the spectrum of light energy will convert into electric energy by the different solar panels on any board of the cones. The cone-shaped array solar power generation system includes larger absorbing area to absorb light from different angles and the efficiency of photoelectric conversion of the solar power generation system increases. The cone-shaped array increases mechanical strength of the solar panels, and is easily to be cleaned up and also lowers the temperature of the solar panels.01-26-2012
20120017965PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE WITH IMPROVED BUS TAPE TO FOIL RIBBON CONTACT - A photovoltaic a substrate having a plurality of individual serially connected solar cells defined thereon. A bus tape is applied along respective ones of said cells at generally opposite longitudinal ends of the substrate for collecting the charge generated by the plurality of solar cells. A conductive member is interconnected between the bus tapes and is disposed beneath the bus tapes and in direct conductive contact with the respective cells. A junction box is configured for delivering the generated charge to an external load or other component, with the conductive member connected to the junction box.01-26-2012
20130192656MULTI-CRYSTALLINE II-VI BASED MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELLS AND MODULES - Multi-crystalline group II-VI solar cells and methods for fabrication of same are disclosed herein. A multi-crystalline group II-VI solar cell includes a first photovoltaic sub-cell comprising silicon, a tunnel junction, and a multi-crystalline second photovoltaic sub-cell. A plurality of the multi-crystalline group II-VI solar cells can be interconnected to form low cost, high throughput flat panel, low light concentration, and/or medium light concentration photovoltaic modules or devices.08-01-2013
20130192657Enhanced System and Method for Matrix Panel Ties for Large Installations - A low voltage/power ratio photovoltaic power generation panel includes a plurality of photovoltaic cells, wherein at least a subset of the cells are arranged in an array of “x” columns and “y” rows of cells connected in a two dimensional matrix configuration, wherein the cells in each row are connected in parallel and the cells in each column are connected in series. The cells in the panel are connected by arranging the plurality of cells in a plurality of columns, each column having a number of cells; arranging the plurality of columns in the number of rows; and connecting the plurality of cells together in a two dimensional matrix configuration by connecting the cells in each row together in parallel and the cells in each column in series.08-01-2013
20120024341Substrate and collector grid structures for integrated series connected photovoltaic arrays and process of manufacture of such arrays - The invention teaches novel structure and methods for producing electrical current collectors and electrical interconnection structure. Such articles find particular use in facile production of modular arrays of photovoltaic cells. The current collector and interconnecting structures may be initially produced separately from the photovoltaic cells thereby allowing the use of unique materials and manufacture. Subsequent combination of the structures with photovoltaic cells allows facile and efficient completion of modular arrays. Methods for combining the collector and interconnection structures with cells and final interconnecting into modular arrays are taught.02-02-2012
20120024337APPARATUS FACILITATING WIRING OF MULTIPLE SOLAR PANELS - An apparatus for electrically interconnecting a plurality of solar panels commonly mounted on a carrier. The apparatus comprises a wiring block having a pair of positive and negative wires for each of a plurality of solar panels, and positive and negative wires for accessing the solar panels of a carrier. The wiring block of a carrier interconnects the plurality of solar panels in series, or parallel, or both. The carrier can thus be pre-wired for easy field installation of a plurality of solar panels as a unit.02-02-2012
20120291846BACK CONTACT SOLAR CELL, WIRING SHEET, SOLAR CELL HAVING WIRING SHEET, SOLAR CELL MODULE AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SOLAR CELL HAVING WIRING SHEET - A back contact solar cell according to an embodiment of the invention includes an alignment mark (11-22-2012
20120291843PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER GENERATION SYSTEM - The embodiments comprise a solar cell array formed by arranging plural solar cell strings each having solar cell modules connected in series; a solar-cell-related information holding unit for holding solar-cell-related information on any of solar cell modules, solar cell strings, and solar cell array; and an information transmitting unit for transmitting the solar-cell-related information acquired from solar-cell-related information holding unit to an outside. The solar-cell-related information holding unit includes an identification information holding part for holding identification information for identifying any of solar cell modules, solar cell strings, and solar cell array; a solar cell information holding part for holding information on any of solar cell modules, solar cell strings, and solar cell array; and a position information holding part for holding position information for identifying a position of any of solar cell modules, solar cell strings, and solar cell array.11-22-2012
20120291839SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell includes a semiconductor substrate, an emitter region positioned at the semiconductor substrate, a first electrode which is positioned on the semiconductor substrate and is connected to the emitter region, a second electrode which is positioned on the semiconductor substrate and is connected to the semiconductor substrate, and a second electrode current collector which is positioned on the semiconductor substrate and is connected to the second electrode. An overlap distance between the second electrode and the second electrode current collector in a first direction corresponding to an extension direction of a conductive film positioned on the second electrode current collector is less than an overlap distance between the second electrode and the second electrode current collector in a second direction crossing the first direction.11-22-2012
20120291835ARRAY OF THIN-FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS HAVING A TOTALLY SEPARATED INTEGRATED BYPASS DIODE AND A PANEL INCORPORATING THE SAME - An array of at least three series-connected solar cells has a cell level integrated bypass diode formed by total separation from a selected parent cell. The material of the first type of the diode is connected to the material of the second type of any one chosen solar cell in the array. The material of the second type of the diode is connected with the material of the first type of the one chosen solar cell in the array so that the diode is connected in parallel and in opposition to the one chosen solar cell.11-22-2012
20120291834SOLAR BATTERY MODULE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF - A solar battery module includes a substrate, a plurality of first striped electrodes formed on the substrate, and a plurality of striped photoelectric transducing layers respectively formed on the corresponding first striped electrode. The solar battery module further includes a plurality of second striped electrodes respectively formed on the corresponding striped photoelectric transducing layer, a plurality of insulating layers respectively formed between the adjacent first striped electrodes, the adjacent photoelectric transducing layers, and the adjacent second striped electrodes, and a plurality of conducting layers respectively formed between the adjacent insulating layers. Wherein, a width of each photoelectric transducing layer along a first direction is smaller than a width of each striped first striped electrode corresponding to the photoelectric transducing layer along the first direction, and the plurality of first striped electrodes and the plurality of second striped electrodes are in series connection along the first direction.11-22-2012
20120291833Tower Mounting Apparatus - A tower mounting apparatus consists of tower mounting brackets, track members, a roller assembly, platform mounting brackets, and platform members. The tower mounting brackets are attached to a tower at a first interface, and are attached to the track members at a second interface. The roller assemblies are attached to the platform mounting brackets at a first interface, while the platform members are attached to the platform mounting brackets at a second interface. The roller assemblies are designed to rotate freely over the track members. One or more devices—such as a wind turbine, a cellular communication system, a transmitter/receiver for radio or television signals, or solar arrays—may be mounted onto the platform. The apparatus may further comprise a slip-ring assembly that provides a continuous electrical connection to such devices. The platform mounting apparatus may be installed on a variety of different towers.11-22-2012
20120031457SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell (02-09-2012
20120031454EFFICIENT NANOSCALE SOLAR CELL AND FABRICATION METHOD - A photovoltaic device and method include a substrate layer having a plurality of structures including peaks and troughs formed therein. A continuous photovoltaic stack is conformally formed over the substrate layer and extends over the peaks and troughs. The photovoltaic stack has a thickness of less than one micron and is configured to transduce incident radiation into current flow.02-09-2012
20120298176SOLAR CELL AND SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell includes a light transmissive substrate, a supporting substrate, a photoelectric conversion part and a counter electrode disposed between the light transmissive substrate and the supporting substrate in such a manner that they are spaced from each other; an electrolyte part disposed between the light transmissive substrate and the supporting substrate while being in contact with the photoelectric conversion part and the counter electrode, and a sealing part that surrounds and seals the electrolyte part in such a manner that the electrolyte part is retained within an electrolyte disposition region. First openings that make the electrolyte part communicate with the outside are provided at least in one end part in the electrolyte disposition region, and at least one second opening that makes the electrolyte part communicate with the outside is provided in the middle part in the electrolyte disposition region. The first and second openings are sealed.11-29-2012
20120298174ORGANIC THIN FILM SOLAR CELL - A principal object of the invention is to provide an organic thin film solar cell that makes it possible to protect an organic thin film from water and oxygen and to easily draw the power to the external circuit. To achieve the object, the invention provides an organic thin film solar cell comprising: a transparent substrate, a first electrode layer formed on the transparent substrate, a photoelectric conversion layer formed on the first electrode layer, and a second electrode layer that is formed on the photoelectric conversion layer and made of a metal base material.11-29-2012
20120298170MULTI-TERMINAL MULTI-JUNCTION PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS - Methods and apparatuses are provided in connection with a transparent electrode on organic photovoltaic cells. A layer of dissolvable material is formed on a substrate. A solution having conductive nanowires suspended therein is deposited on the layer of dissolvable material. The solution is evaporated to form a nanowire mesh. The nanowire mesh is heated to sinter junctions between nanowires in the nanowire mesh. The nanowire mesh is affixed on a layer of one or more organic photovoltaic cells. The layer of dissolvable material is dissolved to deposit the nanowire mesh on the layer of one or more organic photovoltaic cells.11-29-2012
20120298167Structure and manufacturing of solar panels for a kind of solar shingles - It is an invention of the structure and manufacturing process of a kind of solar panel, which particularly is for a kind of solar shingle. Junction box is designed at the central area of the solar panel. The bus-bars connecting the electrodes of the solar cell array and the junction box are laid to go over the backside of solar cell array. In order to avoid shorting the circuitry by bus-bars located between solar cells and to prevent delaminating of the layers of the solar cells around the area covered by the bus-bars, an isolating component is in interposed contact between the bus-bar and the solar cells.11-29-2012
20120085386Solar Battery and Method for Manufacturing the Same - A solar battery includes: a plurality of rear electrode patterns, a light absorption layer, a front electrode, an interconnection, a separation pattern, and a dummy layer. The rear electrode patterns are disposed on a substrate and spaced apart from each other. The light absorption layer is disposed on the rear electrode patterns. The front electrode is disposed on the light absorption layer. The interconnection is a part of the front electrode penetrating the light absorption layer and electrically connected to the rear electrode patterns. The separation pattern penetrates the light absorption layer and the front electrode for defining unit cells. The dummy layer is disposed between the interconnection and the separation pattern. The dummy layer has a top surface lower than that of the front electrode.04-12-2012
20120085385INTEGRATED CIRCUIT COMBINATION OF A TARGET INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AND A PLURALITY OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS CONNECTED THERETO USING THE TOP CONDUCTIVE LAYER - An integrated circuit (IC) combination of a target integrated circuit (TIC) and a plurality of thin film photovoltaic cells (PV) connected thereto. The IC comprises a target integrated circuit (TIC) having a top surface and a bottom surface; a plurality of thin film photovoltaic (PV) cells formed over at least one of the top surface and the bottom surface of the TIC, each PV cell includes at least a lower conducting layer (LCL) and an upper conducting layer (UCL); and a conducting path connecting at least a UCL of a first PV cell to at least a LCL of a second PV cell, wherein at least a first array of PV cells comprised of at least a first portion of the plurality of PV cells is connected by the respective UCL and LCL of each PV cell to provide a first voltage output.04-12-2012
20120085383SOLAR CELL MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME - A solar cell module having a reduced thickness using a flip-chip approach includes a transparent substrate, a transparent electrode interconnection disposed on the transparent substrate, and a plurality of solar cells disposed on the transparent electrode interconnection, each solar cell having at least one protrusion formed on one surface of the solar cell, the protrusion being bonded to the transparent electrode interconnection.04-12-2012
20130206201SOLAR CELL WITH LOW PROFILE POTTING BOX - A solar cell assembly provides a solar cell with a reduced size potting ring that retains the conductive contact strips that extend through the solar cell substrate and are coupled to the solar cell circuitry on the front surface of the solar cell substrate. A reduced volume of potting material is required and the solar cells are advantageously packed, shipped and stored in this configuration. Diode connections and power cable connections are made external the potting box once the solar cell assemblies are received at their installation location.08-15-2013
20130206204SOLAR CELL MODULE - A solar cell module including two or more adjacent solar cells (08-15-2013
20130206203PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE WITH INTEGRATED SOLAR CELL DIODES - A solar module having a plurality of series connected pn junction production solar cells, where at least one bypass diode (08-15-2013
20130206202SOLAR CELL - According to example embodiments, a solar cell includes a photoelectric member on a passivation member. The photoelectric member is configured to convert incident light into current. The passivation member includes protection material for protecting the-photoelectric member and wavelength conversion material configured to convert light that passes through the photoelectric member into different wavelength.08-15-2013