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123 - Internal-combustion engines

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
123900150 With means for varying timing 843
123900390 Rocker 144
123900480 Tappet 99
123900120 Hydraulic system 94
123900110 Electrical system 57
123900600 Cam 42
123900330 Lubrication 38
123900310 Camshaft drive means 21
123900270 Overhead camshaft 10
123900220 Plural valve trains, single actuator 7
123900650 Spring 6
123900140 Pneumatic system 6
123900280 With nonvalving movement (e.g., about valve stem) 5
20090272344Ball Type Valve Rotator - An improved ball type valve rotator is provided that includes a main body segment having a bottom wall with an upper surface, and a body cap that overlies the main body segment. A ball cages assembly is housed between the main body segment and the body cap. The ball cages assembly includes multiple ramps with lower surfaces that are spaced from the bottom wall upper surface of the main body segment. This allows the multiple ramps to deflect toward the bottom wall upper surface of the main body segment. The multiple ramps can deflect independently of each other, so that different distances can be defined between the different ramps and the bottom wall upper surface of the main body segment. In so doing, the ball cage assembly can accommodate non-uniform applications of force into the valve rotator.11-05-2009
20090235882Spring Retainer and Spring System - A spring retainer can reduce the set height and mass of a coil spring. The spring retainer has a retainer body attached to a stem end of a valve and a circumferential plate-like spring part having an inner circumferential part supported by the retainer body and resiliently supporting an end of the valve spring. A spring constant of the plate-like spring part is made higher than a spring constant of the valve spring, so that the plate-like spring part deflects after the valve spring is compressed, to provide a two-step load characteristic and reduce the set height, compressed height, and mass of the valve spring. It can also reduce the height and mass of the spring retainer. A spring system formed by combining the spring retainer and valve spring with each other will be compact and lightweight.09-24-2009
20100186690VALVE ROTATOR ASSEMBLY - A valve rotator for use in an internal combustion engine. The valve rotator including a plurality of retention members, each able to removeably and rotateably couple the stationary housing to the rotating body. The plurality of retention members are defined by a plurality of recesses allowing each of the plurality of retention members to deflect with respect to the stationary housing. The retention members allow the rotating body to be removed from the stationary housing without the need for permanently damaging the stationary housing (e.g. during rebuilding). Additionally, the retention members may be incorporated on housings that have undergone heat treatment processes without rendering the housings susceptible to cracking or damage.07-29-2010
20090173299Valve system for opposed piston engines - The valve system for opposed piston engines essentially comprises a single poppet valve opening into the common combustion chamber between the two opposed pistons of each piston and cylinder pair. The engine for which the mechanism is adapted includes a rotating internal cylinder surrounding each piston pair, with a stationary outer cylinder or case surrounding the rotating cylinder. The valve is pivotally attached at one side or end thereof to the edge of the valve port of the rotating cylinder, and is actuated by an arm or arms having guides (rollers, etc.) at the distal end(s) thereof, which are captured in corresponding cam track(s) or channel(s) formed in the fixed outer cylinder or case of the engine. The cam track has a variable radius, with the valve arm(s) and guide(s) alternately lifting and lowering as the guide(s) travel(s) in the variable radius cam track(s), thereby closing and opening the valve.07-09-2009
20090050089Rotary Valve Internal Combustion Engine - A rotary cylinder valve, reciprocating piston, internal combustion engine, has a crankshaft 02-26-2009
123900320 With alternate interruption of drive train 4
20090151681VARIABLE VALVE LIFT APPARATUS - A variable valve lift apparatus according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention includes an outer body connected with a valve for opening and closing the valve, an inner body that is reciprocally disposed within the outer body and contacts a first input cam configured to an input shaft, a lost motion spring disposed between the outer body and the inner body, a connecting portion selectively connecting the outer body and the inner body, a hydraulic pressure supplying portion supplying hydraulic pressure to the connecting portion, and a lubrication circuit supplying lubricant to a contacting portion of the first input cam and the inner body.06-18-2009
20110162608METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE EXHAUST - An engine having one of a plurality of exhaust valves in each cylinder that may be deactivated is disclosed. In one example, one exhaust valve of each cylinder is deactivated in response to engine speed. The engine may have improved engine torque at low engine speeds and reduced time to torque (e.g., turbo lag).07-07-2011
20080302321DECOMPRESSOR FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - A decompressor for an internal combustion engine that is capable of preventing the dropping-off of the decompression shaft during maintenance work includes a falling-off prevention pin inserted into a pin insertion hole having an opening to the outer circumferential surface of a camshaft and intersecting, at least partially, an insertion hole. A decompression shaft is inserted and fitted into the insertion hole. The falling-off prevention pin engages with the decompression shaft while the decompression shaft is allowed to rotate. The decompression shaft is prevented from moving in the axial direction of the decompression shaft. The opening of the pin insertion hole of the camshaft into which the falling-off prevention pin is inserted is blocked by a bearing. A swing portion includes a bearing-restriction portion formed so as to protrude towards the bearing. The bearing-restrict portion restricts the movement of the bearing in the axial direction of the camshaft.12-11-2008
20120017860PRESSURE BALANCED ENGINE VALVES - A split-cycle engine includes a crankshaft rotatable about a crankshaft axis. A compression piston is slidably received within a compression cylinder and operatively connected to the crankshaft such that the compression piston reciprocates through intake and compression strokes during a single rotation of the crankshaft. An expansion piston is slidably received within an expansion cylinder and operatively connected to the crankshaft such that the expansion piston reciprocates through expansion and exhaust strokes during a single rotation of the crankshaft. A crossover passage interconnects the expansion and compression cylinders. The crossover passage includes crossover compression (XovrC) and crossover expansion (XovrE) valves defining a pressure chamber therebetween. At least one of the XovrC and XovrE valves is a balanced valve. A fluid pressure balancer biases the valve for balancing fluid pressures acting against the valve in both opening and closing directions, reducing the forces required in actuating the valve.01-26-2012
123900200 With compound movement of cam follower 3
20080257287Method and Device for Determining a Switchover Condition in Order to Initiate a Valve Lift Changeover in an Internal Combustion Engine - In a method for determining the switchover condition in order to initiate a valve lift changeover in an internal combustion engine, the torque requirement (TQ REQ) is determined. Also, an operational variable of the internal combustion engine, which is representative for an operational state of the internal combustion engine, is determined. According to the operational variable, a duration of time (T), which is required in the current operational state in order to carry out at least one prepared amount for the valve lift changeover, is determined. An alteration value, which is representative for the alteration of the torque condition (TQ_REQ), is determined. The valve lift changeover is initiated by the duration of time (T) and the alteration value (TQ_REQ) according to the torque requirement (TQ REQ).10-23-2008
20100083922VARYING THE PHASE AND LIFT OF A ROCKER ARM ON A CAMSHAFT ACTUATING A VALVE OR INJECTOR - In an internal combustion engine using poppet type valves, a center pivot rocker arm is moved through a specific path wherein the roller in contact with a cam is moved to alter the phasing of the valves or injectors in the engine. Depending on the interface between the valve or injector and the rocker arm, the rocker ratio of the rocker arm may be altered, giving a change in lift as well. By positioning a control arm at desired points on either side of a centered position, and rotating the control arm about its own pivot point via an arm actuator, phase change is achieved. The arm actuator controls the location of the control arm and thus the timing of the valve or injector relative to the rotation of the cam. Advanced, centered, and retarded phase change is possible depending upon the movement of the control arm.04-08-2010
20080314340Two-step roller finger cam follower assembly having a follower travel limiter - A two-step roller finger follower assembly for use in conjunction with a camshaft of an internal combustion engine, wherein the camshaft has at least one first lobe and at least one second lobe. The roller finger follower assembly comprises a follower body for engaging the first cam lobe and having a central aperture, a follower pivotably disposed on the follower body in the central aperture for engaging the second cam lobe, and a limiting stop disposed on the follower body for engaging a feature on the follower to limit travel of the follower body with respect to the follower. The limiting stop prevents overtravel of the follower body during valve-deactivation mode of the assembly, thus preventing excessive leak down of an associated hydraulic lash adjuster.12-25-2008
123900210 Follower displaced axially of camshaft 3
20090007868INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE CAM FOLLOWER ARRANGEMENT - An internal combustion engine has cylinder head assembly. First and second cams are disposed on a camshaft for rotation therewith. A first cam follower has a first end journaled on a cam follower shaft and a second end abutting an end of a first valve. A second cam follower has a first end journaled on the cam follower shaft and a second end abutting an end of a second valve. A spacer is disposed at least partially around the cam follower shaft. The spacer is disposed between the cam followers such that the first cam follower is disposed between the spacer and a camshaft support and the second cam follower is disposed between the spacer and another camshaft support. A cylinder head assembly, a method of accessing the valves, and embodiments providing for the supply of lubricant to the cam followers are also disclosed.01-08-2009
20100242884Valve drive arrangement - In a valve drive device, especially for an internal combustion engine including a camshaft with a cam element which is axially movably supported on the camshaft but in a rotationally fixed manner, the cam element includes a gate structure and an actuation device is provided with at least one shift element for engagement with the gate arrangement for axially displacing the cam element and the shift element has a rotationally asymmetrical basic shape in order to follow the gate structure when placed in engagement therewith.09-30-2010
20100175652Valve Drive for Gas Exchange Valve of an Internal Combustion Engine, Comprising an Axially Movable Bearing - A valve drive assembly for selectively actuating a pair of valves of an internal combustion engine generally consisting of a pairs of cam supports rotatably fixed an axially displaceable on a camshaft, each provided with at least two cam profiles; means rotatably fixed and axially displaceable relative to the cam shaft, interposed between the cam supports; and means for selectively axially displacing the cam supports and the interposed means as a unit.07-15-2010
123900240 Valve driven closed 2
20120160199ROCKERLESS DESMODROMIC VALVE SYSTEM - A desmodromic valve system which provides direct bidirectional displacement of a valve stem of an internal combustion engine without the aid of a rocker arm, utilizing a semirigid basket operating in conjunction with a plurality of cams for each valve. The basket is disposed about the camshaft of the engine and secured to the valve stem by an integral retainer on a bottom portion of the basket, and is constrained to motion along the valve stem axis. The basket has a pair of downwardly oriented cam followers in the upper portion thereof, spaced apart from the valve stem axis. A central cam and a parallel pair of side cams are fixedly mounted on the camshaft so as to rotate therewith, the cams substantially surrounded by the basket and cooperating therewith to provide reciprocating valve action with positive bidirectional drive. The central cam is aligned with the valve stem axis, and the side cams are spaced apart from the valve stem axis, parallel to the central cam and respectively aligned with the cam followers. During a first part of a valve cycle, the central cam pushes the valve stem down so as to positively open the associated valve, and the valve stem pulls said basket down with it via the retainer. During a second part of the valve cycle, the side cams push the basket up via their respective cam followers and thereby cause the basket to pull the valve stem so as to positively close the valve.06-28-2012
20120085305POSITIVE CONTROL (DESMODROMIC) VALVE SYSTEMS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - Various types of valve systems are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a positive control reciprocating sleeve valve system for use with an internal combustion engine includes opening and closing rockers controlled by corresponding opening and closing cam lobes. In one aspect of this embodiment, interference can be designed into the valve control system to provide additional “hold-closed” force to hold the valve against its seat during a portion of the engine cycle. In another aspect of this embodiment, positive control valve systems can include compliant components and systems, hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems, and/or mechanical spring systems to control valve lash, facilitate sealing, etc.04-12-2012
123900610 Rod 1
20080295790Independently moving rod with holder for lobed journal crank to produce The Apex Engine - The Independently Moving Rod 12-04-2008
20130025551TUNING AN OVERHEAD VALVE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - In a drag racing vehicle, especially one utilizing a V-block engine, valve gap measurement and adjustment, valve spring force measurement, and the like are carried out with the aid of a foot-operated switch removably connectible to a circuit that carries battery current to the vehicle's starter motor. The foot switch is provided with a cable allowing it to be positioned in either side of the vehicle. Operation of the foot switch effects rotation of the engine crankshaft and camshaft through a small angle so that each valve can be brought to a fully closed condition for measurement or adjustment.01-31-2013
20120174882CAMSHAFT APPARATUS - Among a plurality of bearings that rotatably support a camshaft (07-12-2012
20130032105METHOD FOR COMPENSATING AN OPERATING IMBALANCE BETWEEN DIFFERENT BANKS OF A TURBOCHARGED ENGINE - A method for controlling differences in cylinder mixtures for a two cylinder bank engine having a turbocharger is presented. In one example, the description includes a method for adjusting valve timing to reduce cylinder mixture variation.02-07-2013
20130087110METHOD FOR COMBUSTION MODE TRANSITION - An internal combustion engine is selectably operable in one of homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) mode with low lift intake and exhaust valve profiles and spark ignition (SI) mode with high lift intake and exhaust valve profiles. Transition from a current combustion mode to a desired combustion mode includes phase adjusting the one of the intake and exhaust valves exhibiting a greater effect upon an effective cylinder volume for a given phase adjustment in the desired combustion mode based upon a desired phasing for the desired combustion mode prior to lift adjusting the one of the intake and exhaust valves and adjusting the other of the intake and exhaust valves.04-11-2013
20130055972CATALYST TEMPERATURE BASED VALVETRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS AND METHODS - A system for a vehicle includes a triggering module and a cylinder control module. The triggering module generates a trigger when a catalyst temperature is greater than a predetermined temperature. In response to the generation of the trigger, the cylinder control module: disables opening of an exhaust valve of a cylinder for an exhaust phase of a first combustion cycle of the cylinder; disables opening of the exhaust valve for N combustion cycles of the cylinder that follow the first combustion cycle; and enables opening of the exhaust valve for a second combustion cycle that follows the N combustion cycles. N is an integer greater than zero.03-07-2013
20130160726Valve Assembly and Method for High Temperature Engines - Valve assembly and method in which a valve member is connected to an elongated lever arm for controlling communication between two chambers in an engine. The valve assembly is disposed at least partially within one of the chambers, and the valve member is moved between open and closed by an actuator connected to the lever arm. In some disclosed embodiments, a pilot valve is opened to equalize pressure on both sides of the valve member prior to moving the valve member toward the open position. In others, where a piston in an expansion cylinder is driven by hot, expanding gases from a separate combustion chamber or heat exchanger, the exhaust valve is closed before the piston has completed its exhaust stroke, and pressure is allowed to build up in the expansion cylinder to a level corresponding to the pressure in the combustion chamber before the valve member is moved toward the open position.06-27-2013
20100064992Eight-Stroke Engine Cycle - An eight-stroke engine cycle may include a first stroke forming an intake stroke and including opening an intake valve and providing a first fuel mass to the combustion chamber. The second stroke may form a first compression stroke and the third stroke may form a first expansion stroke including a first power stroke. The fourth and sixth strokes may form a second and third compression strokes and the fifth and seventh strokes may form a second and third expansion strokes. A second fuel mass may be provided to the combustion chamber during the fourth or sixth stroke. The intake valve may be in a closed position during the second and third expansion strokes and an exhaust valve in communication with the combustion chamber may be in a closed position during the second and third compression strokes. The eighth stroke may form an exhaust stroke including opening the exhaust valve.03-18-2010
20090013943Switchable support element for a valve train of an internal combustion engine - The invention proposes a switchable support element (01-15-2009
20110114045SLIDING MEMBER AND SURFACE TREATMENT METHOD FOR THE SAME - Abrasion resistance is further enhanced in a sliding member used in an internal combustion engine.05-19-2011
20110277710VALVE STOPPING DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - Disclosed is a valve stopping device for an internal combustion engine that does not allow valves for all cylinders to stop in the closed state even in the event of a failure.11-17-2011
20110283961ADJUSTABLE CAMSHAFT ARRANGEMENT - A camshaft arrangement having two shafts disposed coaxially, one inside the other. A connecting element is inserted into a receptacle in the inner shaft, such that a part of the connecting element protrudes out of the receptacle, and that the protruding part is inserted at least partially in a recess, the recess is designed to be open at least toward an end face of the inner shaft cam, and that the protruding part has at least two opposite side surfaces contacting two corresponding inner surfaces of the recess of each inner shaft cam with a force fit. The further connecting element is designed as a radial pin pressed through a hole in the inner shaft cam element into a receptacle of the inner shaft.11-24-2011
20110271918VARIABLE VALVE OPERATING APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - Provided is a variable valve operating apparatus for an internal combustion engine, which can favorably reduce electric power consumption in a vehicle system that may stop the internal combustion engine during power-up of the vehicle system.11-10-2011
20100170458CONCENTRIC CAM WITH CHECK VALVES IN THE SPOOL FOR A PHASER - A camshaft assembly for an internal combustion engine has a hollow outer shaft with slots along its length and an inner shaft with holes along its length. The holes on the inner shaft are aligned with the slots on the outer shaft. A first set of cam lobes are fixed to the outer shaft and a second set of cam lobes are placed on the slots of outer shaft with a clearance fit. A means fixes the second set of cam lobes to the inner shaft, while simultaneously allowing the second set of cam lobes to be a clearance fit to the outer shaft. The means fixing the second set of cam lobes to the inner shaft may be a hollow pin which is hydroformed or a rivet insert which is expanded by insertion, pulling, and removal of a threaded rod.07-08-2010
20110139099Dual Intake Valve System with One Deactivation Valve and One Multi-Lift Valve for Swirl Enhancement - In a dual intake valve arrangement for an internal combustion engine, a variable valve lift system controls two intake valves for one or more engine cylinders. In each cylinder, one of the intake valves includes an associated two-step actuation device, and the other includes an associated valve deactivation device. To improve in-cylinder air flow turbulence, one valve may be operated in a high-lift or low-lift state while the other valve may be deactivated.06-16-2011
20110214631VARIABLE VALVE DEVICE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME - A variable valve device and a method of controlling the variable valve device, wherein, in order to prevent a shortage of oil film in a spool section, only the spool of a solenoid on/off valve is moved at a timing not affecting operation of an air intake valve, to thereby stabilize operation of the solenoid on/off valve.09-08-2011
20110192363VALVE ARRANGEMENT FOR A COMBUSTION ENGINE - This invention relates to a valve arrangement in a combustion engine for controlling inlet and outlet of gas mixtures, comprising a valve (08-11-2011
20120024244CAMSHAFT SPEED SENSOR TARGET - A method of constructing a speed target on a camshaft in a combustion engine is disclosed. In applying the method a multiple number of ring segments are positioned around a portion of the camshaft. The multiple number of ring segments form a closed ring having a variable outer magnetic surface for reading by a speed sensor. Further, the multiple number of ring segments are secured in a radial direction and in a circumferential direction with respect to the camshaft.02-02-2012
20090277406POWER UNIT FOR VEHICLE - Provided is a power unit for a vehicle including an engine main body of an engine having: a valve system capable of changing operational modes of each engine valve; valve controlling apparatuses for controlling operations of the valve system; and a crankcase housing a transmission, the engine main body being mounted on a vehicle frame. The power unit for a vehicle achieves reduction in size of the engine main body in a direction along the axis of a cylinder, and increases the freedom of arranging parts designed to be placed on an upper end portion of the engine main body. The valve controlling apparatuses are attached to the top surface of the crankcase.11-12-2009
20090277405CONTINUOUS VARIABLE VALVE LIFT DEVICE - A continuous variable valve lift (CVVL) device opens and closes a valve by pressing a rocker arm through a rotational force transmitted from a drive cam. The CVVL device includes a drive arm, which is pivotably mounted such that one side thereof presses a rocker arm, a variable arm, which is pivotably mounted, and pushes and pivots the drive arm when pivoted, and a transmission arm, which is coupled with a transmission roller, which is located between the drive cam and the variable arm, at one end thereof and is pivoted such that a position where the transmission roller comes into contact with both the drive cam and the variable arm is changed.11-12-2009
20120067309APPARATUS FOR AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING VARIABLE VALVE TIMING MECHANISM - The present invention relates to an apparatus for and a method of controlling a variable valve timing mechanism. The valve timing mechanism changes over between a first cam for which the closing timing IVC of the intake valve is after intake bottom dead center, and a second cam for which the closing timing IVC is closer to intake bottom dead center than the closing timing IVC with the first cam. Here at the time of stopping the internal combustion engine, the valve timing mechanism changes over to the first cam, and the initial intake stroke performs operation at low effective compression ratio. In the second and subsequent intake strokes, the valve timing mechanism changes from the first cam to the second cam.03-22-2012
20090241870VARIABLE INTAKE VALVE ASSEMBLY FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An intake valve assembly of an internal combustion engine that includes a combustion chamber and an intake passage. The intake valve assembly comprises an intake valve movable into and out of engagement with a valve seat, a reciprocating primary valve tappet, and a secondary valve tappet axially non-movably attached to the primary valve tappet. The intake valve is mounted to the primary valve tappet and axially freely movable relative thereto. The primary valve tappet is configured for axially engaging the first intake valve to limit the axial movement thereof said intake valve away from the valve seat. The secondary valve tappet is configured for axially engaging the intake valve for mechanically moving the intake valve away from the valve seat. The intake valve is further operated fluidly in response to pressure differential between the intake passage and the combustion chamber.10-01-2009
20100162976Camshaft and Production Process Therefor - A camshaft assembly, particularly for use in an internal combustion engine, having a shaft base body and a plurality of cam parts. In order to be able to selectively shut down individual cylinders, cam parts are provided with cams which are arranged so as to be rotationally fixed and axially displaceable in relation to the shaft base body. Depending on a desired sequence of axially fixed and axially displaceable cam parts, it is proposed to arrange the axially displaceable cam parts on a longitudinally extending profile in an axially displaceable manner and to push the axially fixed cam parts—insofar as these are necesary—over or across the receiving area for the axially displaceable cam parts and to secure them to the shaft.07-01-2010
20100224145Built-Up Camshaft - The invention relates to a method for producing an assembled camshaft and to an assembled camshaft, with at least one functional component that is produced in a separate manufacturing process and has an inner recess for receiving the shaft. The shaft is widened at least in sections in the area in which the functional component is to be secured, and the recess in the functional component for receiving the shaft is widened in the shape of a funnel on at least one side and over at least a section of its axial length, the opening having a diameter which corresponds to at least the diameter of the widened shaft section, the outer surface of the shaft in the longitudinal direction of the shaft axis being provided with ridges which are distributed over the outer circumference of the shaft by material shaping of the outer circumference of the shaft by means of knurling. The functional component, the recess in which is substantially round, and which, in the section that is widened in a non-funnel shape, has a diameter which is somewhat larger than the diameter of the shaft adjacent to the widened section and is somewhat smaller than the diameter that is described by the ridges distributed over the outer circumference of the shaft, is first pushed onto the widened section of the shaft using the side that is widened in a funnel shape, the ridges partly becoming embedded in or being moulded into the recess in the functional component essentially by means of moulding of the material of the functional component in the area of said recess, and the functional component optionally being elastically widened to a small extent so that the functional component is force-fitted and form-fitted to the shaft.09-09-2010
20100242873Valve drive arrangement - In a valve drive arrangement for an internal combustion engine, with a camshaft including at least one cam element which is axially movable by means of a switching gate structure for adjusting the valve drive, and a sensor unit for determining an axial control position of the cam element, the sensor unit has at least a first sensor element coupled to an axial movement of the cam element whose operation position can be determined by a corresponding sensor element.09-30-2010
20120137994ROLLERIZED CAMSHAFT SUPPORT FOR TYPE 1 DIRECT ACTING VALVETRAIN AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE EMBODYING SAME - Featured is a rollerized camshaft support to rotatably support a camshaft of a Type I valvetrain, the camshaft having at least one rotating surface. Such a rollerized camshaft support includes at least one rollerized bearing and at least one bearing support for each of the rollerized bearings, where each bearing support includes a bearing upper support element and bearing lower support element. Each rollerized bearing includes an inner raceway; an outer raceway and a plurality of rolling elements disposed between the inner and outer raceways and extending widthwise across the raceways. The bearing upper support element and bearing lower support element are configured so as to receive there between a rollerized bearing. Also, the bearing lower support element is configured and arranged so to complement a portion of a configuration of the Type I valve train.06-07-2012
20080230019DUAL INTAKE VALVE ASSEMBLY FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An intake valve assembly of an internal combustion engine. The intake valve assembly comprises a primary valve, a secondary valve mounted about the primary valve coaxially therewith, a primary valve spring for normally biasing the primary valve toward a closed position, a secondary valve spring for normally biasing the secondary valve toward a closed position, and a secondary valve lifter fixed to the primary valve and axially spaced from the secondary valve when both the primary and secondary valves are in closed positions. The secondary valve is operated mechanically by the secondary valve lifter and fluidly in response to pressure differential between the intake passage and the combustion chamber. The secondary valve is engageable with the primary valve through the secondary valve lifter after opening of the primary valve. The primary and secondary valve springs are normally contracted for continuously biasing the valves toward the closed position thereof.09-25-2008
20090000579VALVE TRAIN WITH OVERLOAD FEATURES - A valve train for use in an engine is provided. The valve train includes a rocker arm assembly having a valve side arm and a cam side arm. A valve is coupled to the engine and is in contact with the valve side arm. A pushrod is reciprocatable by a camshaft and is in contact with the cam side arm. An overload feature is located on at least one of the rocker arm assembly or the pushrod. The overload feature has a reduced cross-sectional area calibrated to activate at a predefined load.01-01-2009
20120037102Valve drive control device - In a valve drive control device, in particular for an internal combustion engine, for controlling the position of a cam element on a camshaft, the valve drive comprises at least one control armature element and a control element connected to the control armature element for engagement with a control gate of the cam element for controlling axial positioning of the cam element on the camshaft. The valve drive control device has a coupling unit which is provided to couple the control armature element and the control element movably to each other with at least one degree of freedom.02-16-2012
20120145097ENGINE ASSEMBLY INCLUDING CAMSHAFT WITH MULTIMODE LOBE - An engine assembly may include an engine structure, a first valve, a first valve lift mechanism and a first camshaft. The engine structure may define a first combustion chamber and a first port in communication with the first combustion chamber. The first valve may be located in the first port and the first valve lift mechanism may be engaged with the first valve. The first camshaft may be rotationally supported on the engine structure and may include a first double lobe engaged with the first valve lift mechanism. The first double lobe may define a first valve opening region including a first peak and a second valve opening region including a second peak rotationally offset from the first peak.06-14-2012
20120037103CAMSHAFT - A camshaft transport securing mechanism for an internal combustion engine. The camshaft having at least one transport securing mechanism, the transport securing mechanism axially fixing at least one bearing, wherein the transport securing mechanism is one of released by wear or disintegration during operation of the internal combustion engine.02-16-2012
20110315100CAMSHAFT - A camshaft of a combustion engine may include a drive element and first and second roller bearings for mounting the camshaft in the combustion engine. The drive element and at least the first roller bearing may be adjacent and exchangeable with one another.12-29-2011
20120012075INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE COMPRISING AT LEAST ONE CAMSHAFT - An internal combustion engine, the engine having at least one camshaft, the camshaft is interconnected to the internal combustion engine through a plurality of rotating members, rotating members include at least one roller element and a predetermined load limit. The rotating members are configured individually along the camshaft and are positioned according to an actual internal combustion engine operating load value.01-19-2012
20110088642VALVE TRAIN SYSTEM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An object of the present invention is to simplify a valve train system that can change valve operation characteristics of an intake valve(s) and/or an exhaust valve(s) mounted on an internal combustion engine while improving the response in changing valve operation characteristics. To achieve this object, according to the present invention, a valve train system of an internal combustion engine that can change valve operation characteristics of an intake valve and/or an exhaust valve comprises a plurality of changing mechanisms that change valve operation characteristics by connecting/disconnecting a plurality of power transmission members provided between a cam and a valve to/from each other, a switching pin that is provided in each changing mechanism in such a way as to be able to move forward and backward to provide switching between connection and disconnection of the plurality of power transmission members, an actuator that generates power for moving the switching pin forward and backward, and a distribution mechanism that distributes the power generated by one actuator to a plurality of switching pins.04-21-2011
20100012059Roller Bearing, Camshaft support structure,and internal combustion engine - A roller bearing includes an outer ring formed by connecting a plurality of arc-shaped outer ring members in a circumferential direction and a plurality of rollers arranged along an inner diameter surface of the outer ring. A slope surface (01-21-2010
20120073530ARRANGEMENT FOR COUPLING TWO COMPONENTS OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ARRANGED MOVABLE RELATIVE TO EACH OTHER - An arrangement for coupling two components of an internal combustion engine that are arranged movable relative to each other is provided, in particular, for switching multi-stage valve drives, with at least one coupling element (03-29-2012
20120073529TRANSMISSION DEVICE BETWEEN TWO CAMSHAFATS OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An internal combustion engine includes a driving shaft, a pair of camshafts for driving engine valves, a transmission connecting the driving shaft to a first of said camshafts and a transmission connecting the first camshaft to the second camshaft. The transmission connecting the two camshafts to each other includes a pair of articulated parallelogram mechanisms each having two crank members rotatable with end portions of the camshafts and connected to each by means of a connecting rod. The crank members are made up of circular discs eccentrically mounted on the camshafts and rotatably received in circular openings formed at the ends of the respective connecting rod. The two crank members rotatable with the same camshaft are spaced from each other by a determined angle.03-29-2012
20090020083Engine Valve Operating System - In an engine valve operating system, a camshaft (01-22-2009
20120227688ENGINE ASSEMBLY INCLUDING CYLINDER HEAD OIL GALLERY - A cylinder head assembly includes a first member coupled to an engine block and a second member coupled to the first member. The first member defines a first port in communication with a first cylinder and a second port in communication with a second cylinder. The second member defines a longitudinally extending portion located on a first lateral half of the first member. A first control passage and a second control passage are defined between the first member and the longitudinally extending portion of the second member. The second member defines a wall separating the first and second control passages from one another.09-13-2012
20130008396CONTROL APPARATUS FOR VARIABLE OPERATION ANGLE MECHANISM - An electronic control unit that controls a variable operation angle mechanism that varies an operation angle of an intake valve reduces an operation angle of the intake valve to a normal startup operation angle after first maintaining the operation angle of the intake valve at a high temperature restart operation angle that is larger than the normal startup operation angle for a predetermined period of time after an engine is stopped.01-10-2013
20080223320VARIABLE COMPRESSION RATIO MECHANISM FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An internal combustion engine has a mechanism to control crankshaft axis position and control combustion chamber compression ratio. The mechanism includes control ring, rotatably supporting crankshaft, and rotatably installed in the engine housing. The control shaft is installed in the engine housing and parallel to the crankshaft. The control shaft pinion elements meshing with control ring toothed elements, and rotating control ring, resulting in changing of crankshaft relative position to the cylinder head; this will change engine compression ratio. The crankshaft toothed part constantly meshing with toothed part of the engine output shaft, transferring rotary moving force from crankshaft to engine output shaft.09-18-2008
20130118426Method for Operating an Internal Combustion Engine and an Internal Combustion Engine - An internal combustion engine includes a power cylinder having a power chamber delimited by a power piston, the power chamber having an intake valve and an exhaust valve, a compression cylinder having a compression chamber delimited by a compression piston, the compression chamber having a fresh charge intake valve, and a flow-through chamber delimited by a flow-through piston and fluidly connected with the compression chamber via a flow-through passage. The flow-through chamber is directly or indirectly connected with the power chamber via a push-out passage. A flow-through valve is disposed in the flow-through passage. A cooler is arranged so as to cool compressed fresh charge flowing through the first flow-through passage. The pistons and the valves are movable such that the cooled, compressed fresh charge is pushed over by the compression piston from the compression chamber into the first flow-through chamber and is ultimately pushed out into the power chamber.05-16-2013
20110271917VALVE OPERATING APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - The present invention makes it possible to favorably change valve-opening characteristics of a valve using a simplified configuration without leading to an increase in the number of components and also without causing an increase of friction due to sliding, in a valve operating apparatus for an internal combustion engine in which the valve-opening characteristics of the valve are variable. A changeover mechanism for switching the connection/disconnection of rocker arms disposed between cams and a valve is provided. When a slide pin reaches a displacement end in the retreating direction of changeover pin, the biasing force of a return spring acting on changeover pins is received by an engaging part between a notch part provided in the slide pin and a lock pin in a state separated from a camshaft.11-10-2011
20130186355STARTING OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTINE ENGINE - A starting system for an internal combustion engine comprising a pressure medium source, means for connecting the pressure medium source to at least two of the cylinders of the engine, a starting valve in connection with each cylinder that is connected to the pressure medium source for controlling the admission of the pressure medium into the cylinder, a control unit for controlling the operation of the starting valves, and an absolute rotary encoder for determining the crank angle of the engine. The system further comprises coupling means arranged between the engine and the absolute rotary encoder for releasably coupling the encoder to the engine. The invention also concerns a method for starting an internal combustion engine and an internal combustion engine.07-25-2013
20130199466MULTI-CYLINDER INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A MULTI-CYLINDER INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE OF SAID TYPE - A system for an engine comprising: a crankshaft with four crank throws, wherein, the first and the second crank throw are arranged offset by 180° CA from the third and the fourth crank throws; four cylinders corresponding to the four crank throws, the four cylinders arranged in two cylinder groups, the first cylinder group comprising the first and second cylinder, and the second cylinder group comprising the third and fourth cylinder; an exhaust manifold, wherein, exhaust lines within each of the two cylinder groups merge forming two component exhaust lines, and the two component exhaust lines merge into an overall exhaust line; and an ignition sequence such that each ignition is offset by 180° CA, and ignition of cylinders within the two cylinder groups is offset by 360° CA. In this way exhaust lines within the exhaust manifold can remain short and backpressure from sequential, adjacent cylinder ignition is minimized.08-08-2013
20100071641SWAGING HOLD METHOD, SWAGING HOLD STRUCTURE, SWAGING ROLLER, SWAGING MACHINE, AND SWAGING HOLD WORKPIECE - In addition to the pressure for swaging applied when swaging is performed, a pressure in the direction the same as the direction of the holding force exerted by a swaged portion is applied to a pressure receiving edge portion of a bearing holder by the pressure applied by a swaging roller. As a result, the elastic deformation in a circumferential wall portion that is not bent is advanced and the amount of elastic deformation of the bearing holder in the axial direction is reduced, so that it is possible to increase the difference in the amount of elastic deformation between the bearing holder and an outer race. Thus, the axial residual stress in the bearing holder is increased after the swaging is completed, as compared to the case of the ordinary swaging. Accordingly, it is possible to increase the holding force for holding the outer race.03-25-2010

Patent applications in class POPPET VALVE OPERATING MECHANISM

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