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Generating plants

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123 - Internal-combustion engines

123002000 - COMBINED DEVICES

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DocumentTitleDate
20120160191INTEGRATED CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD - An integrated control system for use with an engine connected to a generator providing electrical power to a switchgear is disclosed. The engine receives gas produced by a gasifier. The control system includes an electronic controller associated with the gasifier, engine, generator, and switchgear. A gas flow sensor monitors a gas flow from the gasifier to the engine through an engine gas control valve and provides a gas flow signal to the electronic controller. A gas oversupply sensor monitors a gas oversupply from the gasifier and provides an oversupply signal indicative of gas not provided to the engine. A power output sensor monitors a power output of the switchgear and provide a power output signal. The electronic controller changes gas production of the gasifier and the power output rating of the switchgear based on the gas flow signal, the oversupply signal, and the power output signal.06-28-2012
20100154728Process and Device for Generating Gas From Carbonaceous Material - To gasify carbonaceous material into gas containing CO and H06-24-2010
20100043730HYDROGEN GENERATING SYSTEM FOR OPERATION WITH ENGINE TURBO CONDITION - A hydrogen generating system operable with an engine of a vehicle including a turbocharger, the hydrogen generating system comprising: an electrolysis assembly including at least one anode and at least one cathode configured to be capable of generating hydrogen gas by application of an electrical current therethrough in an electrolyte and a gas delivery system for delivery of generated hydrogen gas to the engine; and a system for monitoring engine condition in respect of turbocharger condition, the system including a function for detecting an engine turbocharge status and a function for controlling the delivery of generated hydrogen gas to the engine of the vehicle in response to the detection of a selected engine turbocharge status.02-25-2010
20130025547FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM - A fuel supply system includes an energy output device, a reformer and a cooling unit. The energy output device consumes fuel, which is a compound including hydrogen, and outputs energy. The reformer decomposes fuel so as to generate hydrogen which is to be supplied to the energy output device. The cooling unit cools the hydrogen generated in the reformer.01-31-2013
20090194043Engine - There is disclosed a hydrogen powered internal combustion engine (08-06-2009
20120174879BOOTS ROTARY ENGINE - The present invention relates to an improved rotary engine having one positive motion stroke, the rotary engine comprising at least one of a piston having at least one piston vane. At least one of a unidirectional bearing is operationally coupled to the piston, wherein the piston is configured to allow the piston vane to rotate and the unidirectional bearing prevents the piston vane from rotating during a combustive force or a thrust force injection. A peddle block is positioned in the pathway of the piston vane, wherein as the piston vane approaches the peddle block a secondary exhaust pressure increases against the piston vane surface, the secondary exhaust pressure, in part, causes the piston vane to rotate and self-align for a subsequent cycle. Other exemplary embodiments allow for a secondary exhaust pressure to rotate a piston vane causing the piston vane to self-aligning for the next cycle.07-12-2012
20100162969HEAT-PIPE ELECTRIC POWER GENERATING DEVICE AND HYDROGEN/OXYGEN GAS GENERATING APPARATUS AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME - A heat-pipe electric power generating device including a fan disposed between an evaporating end and a condensing end of a heat-pipe is provided. A magnetic substance is disposed on the fan to form a magnetic field. A stator coil of a generator is disposed at the outer of the heat-pipe, which is corresponding to the position of the fan. An induced current is generated by the stator coil of the generator when the magnetic substance spins. Since the heat-pipe is made of copper, and the magnetic field is not shielded by copper, a current is induced when a relative motion between the magnetic substance on the fan and the stator coil of the generator at the outer of the heat-pipe is generated. Further, the heat-pipe electric power generating device can be applied on a hydrogen/oxygen gas generating apparatus and an internal combustion engine system of a motor vehicle.07-01-2010
20130036990FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM - Disclosed is a system for supplying fuel to an internal combustion engine while improving the utilization rate of an evaporation fuel. The raw fuel F02-14-2013
20100107994Partially Self-Refueling Low Emissions Vehicle and Stationary Power System - A method and device to optimize the cumulative beneficial effect of harvesting available forms of lost energy, including energy that is lost while a vehicle is in motion (e.g., kinetic energy and energy contained in electromagnetic radiation. The cumulative energy that is recovered is converted to electrical energy which powers the on-board electrolyzer to produce more hydrogen and oxygen while the system is in operation and stationary. Stationary, passive forms of energy (e.g., solar, wind, hydro, etc.) will also be available to power the electrolyzer. The system also contemplates using passive forms of energy to power a non-mobile system which incorporates an internal or external combustion engine in place of a fuel cell. An oxygen injection control device is employed to control the supply of oxygen to the combustion engine.05-06-2010
20090283059ENHANCED OXYGEN PRESSURE ENGINE - Systems and methods of operation for internal combustion engines which employ molecular sieve technology to provide enhanced oxygen content in the air-fuel mixture during operation.11-19-2009
20090301407Electrolyte Delivery System - The present invention provides a system for providing electrolyte to an electrolysis cell for producing hydrogen gas to inject into the intake of an internal combustion engine. The system includes an electrolysis cell having an electrolyte input port, an electrolyte output port and at least one working gas output port. The electrolyte output port communicates with a storage reservoir. A coolant liquid conduit is in thermal communication with the electrolyte solution and in fluid communication with a portion of the engine coolant system in which the coolant liquid has been heated by the engine when the engine is running. To heat up the electrolyte solution and improve the efficiency of electrolysis, the heated liquid coolant is diverted from the engine coolant system and circulated through the heating system to transfer heat to the liquid containing the electrolyte. In freezing temperatures the heated liquid coolant may also be diverted from the engine coolant system and circulated through the distilled water store to thaw the water used to replenish the electrolyte solution.12-10-2009
20120216759HYDROXY BOOSTER SYSTEM - An electrolysis system is provided for supplementing the petroleum fuel supply of an internal combustion engine. The electrolysis system may include a reservoir tank including a solution of water and electrolyte and at least two plates disposed therein. The plates are in electrical communication with a source of electrical power such that the plates create an electrical current in the solution to produce a gas including oxygen and hydrogen. A filter system is in fluid communication with the reservoir tank and includes a filter that has interconnected particles configured to capture electrolyte particles in the gas. A conduit is also provided as part of the electrolysis system to deliver the gas from the filter system to the internal combustion engine. A filter system and a method of supplying a gas that includes oxygen and hydrogen to supplement the petroleum fuel supply for an internal combustion engine are also disclosed.08-30-2012
20090095237Photon-ion-electron hydrogen generator plug - The photon-ion-electron hydrogen generator plug is a plug for generating hydrogen gas from ambient air drawn into the piston chamber of an engine. The plug includes a cathode filament that glows “white hot” when an electric current is supplied thereto. A positively charged anode is disposed adjacent the filament. The plug has an end that opens into the cylinder chamber of the engine. A battery, a rotary switch and a step-up transformer form an electric circuit for supplying electric current to the cathode filament and anode.04-16-2009
20110265737METHODS AND DEVICES FOR FUEL REFORMATION - Disclosed are methods and systems for reforming fuels by subjecting them to ultrasonic energy. Such methods and systems can be conducted and carried on-board vehicles powered by combustion engines to enhance fuel efficiency and/or modify exhaust emissions.11-03-2011
20120186542PROCESS FOR POWERING AN ENGINE WITH WATER BY SIMULTANEOUSLY SEPARATING HYDROGEN FROM OXYGEN AND IGNITING THE HYDROGEN IN THE COMPRESSION/COMBUSTION CHAMBER - An improved method of powering an engine using water as a fuel by separating the hydrogen and oxygen atoms and igniting the hydrogen with high voltage high amperage dc electricity in the compression/combustion chamber of the engine and recycling the exhaust water for reuse.07-26-2012
20100095907SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PREPARING AN OPTIMIZED FUEL MIXTURE - The invention provides for a system and method for creating an optimized fuel/air mixture for more efficient combustion. The system in accordance with the invention includes an ozone generator and a gasifier that receives liquid fuel and ozone and creates an optimized fuel of mixture. The optimized fuel/air mixture is then delivered to the cylinders of a combustion engine.04-22-2010
20110011354Methods and apparatus for using ammonia as sustainable fuel, refrigerant and NOx reduction agent - Embodiments are shown wherein ammonia is used for powering, heating and cooling of various applications including: vehicles (terrestrial, naval, aero-spatial or other engine-driven equipment), residential and commercial buildings, remote generators, refrigerated transport. An ammonia-fuelled internal combustion engine comprising; a thermally insulated fuel tank adapted to store ammonia; a heat exchangers operably connected to the fuel tank, wherein the heat exchanger is adapted to heat the ammonia; a decomposition and separation unit operably connected to the heat exchangers and having a hydrogen conduit and a nitrogen conduit, wherein the decomposition and separation unit is adapted to separate the heated ammonia into hydrogen and nitrogen and stream them into the hydrogen and nitrogen conduits respectively; and an internal combustion engine operably connected to the hydrogen conduit.01-20-2011
20130061822Engine Enhancement Method and System - The present invention provides an engine enhancement system and method which utilises hydrogen as a combustion catalyst within an internal combustion engine, the hydrogen preferably being obtained and/or replenished from a supply of HHO gas fed to combustion chambers of the engine, and being located at interstitial sites in the walls of the combustion chambers.03-14-2013
20120111289WATER REDUCTION MECHANISM FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - A system for an engine includes an engine block having a cylinder, an oil delivery system including an oil reservoir at least partially enclosing an oil emulsion and providing lubricating oil to at least one cylinder, and a controller configured to adjust the heat delivered to the engine via a heat adjustment mechanism in response to a concentration of water in the oil emulsion.05-10-2012
20120234265Hydrogen Fuel Systems - Improved electrolysis systems for production of Brown's gas. The produced Brown's gas is made available for co-combustion with hydrocarbon fuel in an internal combustion engine to improve the fuel efficiency of the internal combustion engine.09-20-2012
20120234264COGENERATION POWER PLANT - A cogeneration power plant for producing steam and electricity. A boiler burner receives fuel from a fuel source and a boiler combustion air/exhaust mixture from a boiler combustion air fan. Combustion occurs inside the burner and hot gases are generated which are used to provide heat for the boiler. An internal combustion engine receives fuel and air for combustion. The internal combustion engine drives an electricity generator for the production of electricity. An engine jacket and oil cooler are utilized to provide cooling for the engine. A water circuit is configured to remove heat from the engine jacket and oil cooler. The heated water flows through a water-to-air heat exchanger connected to the water circuit. The water-to-air heat exchanger utilizes the heated water to heat ambient air through the heat exchanger to produce heated boiler combustion air. Engine exhaust from the internal combustion engine combines with the preheated boiler combustion air in a boiler combustion air fan for producing a boiler combustion air/exhaust mixture for the burner. A boiler exhaust duct directs boiler exhaust away from the boiler. A boiler combustion control system automatically monitors the boiler load and the combustion air and engine exhaust mixture oxygen level and temperature. The boiler combustion control system will then appropriately automatically adjust the speed of the boiler combustion air fan to provide a near stoichiometric mixture of fuel and combustion air and engine exhaust mixture so as to provide for a high burner temperature causing the reduction of NO09-20-2012
20110017153System for on demand hydrogen production and delivery of hydrogen to an internal combustion engine - The invention discloses a system for the production of hydrogen from water by electrolysis. A container, defining a first portion for holding a plurality of parallel and plate like anodes and a second portion for holding a plurality of parallel and plate like cathodes. A cover is provided for the first portion with an outlet and an attached duct for oxygen, wherein the duct for oxygen leads to the environment. The cover is provided for the second portion with an outlet and an attached duct for hydrogen, wherein the duct for hydrogen leads to an internal combustion engine. An inlet to the container provides water from a reservoir, so that the level of water is maintained at a constant level within the container.01-27-2011
20100089341Hydrogen Reactor and Injection System for Augmenting Crankcase Ventilation in an Internal Combustion Engine - A hydrogen augmented crankcase ventilation system includes hydrogen injection to facilitate the combustion of crankcase fumes, for example blow-by, in the engine. The system preferably includes a hydrogen generation system as a hydrogen source and introduces the hydrogen into the engine through the engine's fuel injection system. A fumes hose connects the crankcase to the air intake, and a clean air hose connects a clean air source to the crankcase. An orifice or a vacuum regulator cooperates with the fumes hose and may be included to regulate crankcase vacuum. A filter resides inline with the fumes hose to capture solids or liquids which enter the fumes hose from the crankcase, and a drain hose drains captured liquid back into the engine. A back flow preventor may be included to cooperate with the clean air hose to prevent a back flow of crankcase fumes through the clean air hose.04-15-2010
20100064989SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR USE WITH A COMBUSTION ENGINE - A system for use with a combustion engine having an air intake, sensors and an engine control module, comprising a hydrogen cell capable of turning water into hydrogen and oxygen gases and a controller electrically connected to the sensors, the engine control module and the hydrogen cell, wherein the controller is programmed to ratiometrically skew one or more signal inputs to the engine control module to control the engine in response to predetermined signal levels, wherein the controller is programmed to activate the hydrogen cell in response to predetermined signal levels, wherein the hydrogen cell is fluidly connected to the engine through the air intake, and wherein the controller is programmed to cause the engine control module to reduce the rate of fuel flow to the engine and to activate the hydrogen cell simultaneously.03-18-2010
20110132290METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE WITH A FUEL REFORMER - A method for operating an engine with a fuel reformer is presented. In one embodiment a method for operating an engine by injecting a gaseous fuel and a liquid fuel to at least an engine cylinder is presented. The method may prioritize the injection of the gaseous fuel in response to an amount of gaseous fuel stored in a fuel storage tank.06-09-2011
20110132289Selectively Storing Reformate - Systems and methods are provided for selectively storing gaseous reformate output by a fuel reformer for fueling an engine. Carbon monoxide produced by a fuel reformer may be continuously combusted in the engine and/or engine exhaust rather than being stored.06-09-2011
20110132288Engine Fuel Reformer Monitoring - Systems and methods for monitoring a fuel reformer which reforms ethanol into a reformate gas comprising H06-09-2011
20110132286Method for Operating a Charge Diluted Engine - A method for operating an engine with a fuel reformer is presented. In one embodiment a first fuel is reformed into a gaseous fuel comprising H, CO, and CH06-09-2011
20110132285METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ENGINE - A method for operating an engine with a fuel reformer is presented. In one embodiment a first fuel is reformed into a gaseous fuel comprising H, CO, and CH06-09-2011
20110132284Method for Operating an Engine with Variable Charge Density - A method for operating an engine with a fuel reformer is presented. In one embodiment a first fuel is reformed into a gaseous fuel comprising H, CO, and CH06-09-2011
20110132283Ignition Control for Reformate Engine - During operation of a spark ignition engine, an ignition system produces an output (e.g., breakdown voltage, peak secondary coil current, and spark duration) used to combust a charge (e.g., mixture of air and fuel) in an engine cylinder. Ignition output is important to consider in engines including a second fuel with high ignitability, for example in engines with a fuel reformer system. Example methods, devices and systems are included for adjusting ignition output.06-09-2011
20100275858HYDROGEN FUEL ASSIST DEVICE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND METHOD - A hydrogen fuel system for an internal combustion engine includes a water reservoir and a fuel cell in fluid communication with the water reservoir. An oxygen line is fluidly coupled to the hydrogen fuel cell and receives and transports oxygen away from the fuel cell. A hydrogen line is fluidly coupled to the fuel cell and receives and transports hydrogen away from the fuel cell. An engine gas interface is fluidly coupled to the oxygen line and the hydrogen line, and operatively coupled to an engine intake. The engine gas interface receives oxygen and hydrogen from the oxygen and hydrogen lines, and introduces the hydrogen and oxygen into the engine intake. A vibration sensor is operatively coupled to the engine gas interface to detect engine vibration of the internal combustion engine, and deactivates the fuel when the sensor does not detect vibration from the engine.11-04-2010
20120186543CARTRIDGE FOR THE GENERATION OF HYDROGEN FOR PROVIDING MECHANICAL POWER - The present invention provides an auxiliary power system to provide supplemental power by compressed hydrogen. The system includes a motor configured to be driven by the compressed hydrogen. The motor includes a cartridge for the generation of hydrogen. The cartridge is configured to generate high pressure and high temperature hydrogen. The motor is configured such that hydrogen generated by the cartridge is directed through a manifold and moves pistons in a cylinder block such that the cylinder block rotates. A clutch assembly is provided to transmit power from the motor.07-26-2012
20120285400FUEL-PROPERTY REFORMING APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An ECU computes a quantity of reforming-fuel which the reforming-fuel injector injects based on an engine driving condition and an EGR quantity. The injecting quantity of the reforming-fuel is properly adjusted according to an EGR gas temperature or an alcohol concentration of the reforming-fuel, whereby it can be restricted that temperature of a fuel-reforming catalyst and the EGR gas temperature are decreased due to a vaporization heat of the reforming-fuel. Also, an injecting time period of the reforming-fuel is properly adjusted, so that a maldistribution of the reforming-fuel is restricted. Furthermore, an injection cycle of the reforming-fuel is varies according to an engine speed, so that a supplied quantity of the reforming-fuel is made uniform for each cylinder.11-15-2012
20110283960AMMONIA-ENGINE SYSTEM - An ammonia-engine system is capable of supplying an ammonia cracking catalyst with a temperature necessary to promote a reaction even during low load operation in which a temperature of an exhaust gas from an ammonia engine is lower than an operating temperature of the ammonia cracking catalyst. In an ammonia-engine system provided with an ammonia engine (11-24-2011
20110283959AMMONIA BURNING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An ammonia burning internal combustion engine in which, in addition to ammonia, a reformed gas reformed at a reformer is fed into a combustion chamber. When a reforming ability of the reformer is less than a predetermined reforming ability, an ammonia ratio is increased to a ratio more than the ammonia ratio after completion of engine warmup set in advance in accordance with an operation state of the engine, and secondary air is fed from a secondary air feeding device into an engine exhaust passage upstream of an exhaust purification catalyst.11-24-2011
20090090312Alternative Fuel Engine - An apparatus and method for converting fluid molecules from a liquid state into a vapor state wherein the fluid has unnatural bond angles. The apparatus comprises a resistor-capacitor (RC) circuit, a chamber to contain the RC circuit and the fluid and a power source to provide power to the RC circuit. The RC circuit comprises an anode, a cathode and a plurality of substantially parallel electrically conductive plates. Current through the RC circuit generates a frequency that modifies the bond angles of molecules in a vapor state. Ignition of these molecules with unnatural bond angles reverts the molecules back to normal bond angles with a release of energy that can be utilized in many different applications without the release of toxic or noxious gases, greenhouse gases or any interaction with the atmosphere or the consumption of any atmospheric oxygen. For example, the molecules with unnatural bond angles may be used in engines to power a motorized vehicle.04-09-2009
20100170454HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTATION FUEL APPARATUS AND METHOD - A hydrogen supplementation fuel apparatus and method having a power source, a hydrogen generator and an accumulator for supplementing hydrogen gas to improve the fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines. The hydrogen generator uses electrodes that are helically wound about a separator to increase the hydrogen generation output.07-08-2010
20110290201HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A portable, on-demand hydrogen generation system is provided for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines, more particularly to vehicles. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank. The hydrogen and oxygen is passed back thru the supply tank for distribution and water preservation. The gases are kept separate by a divider in the tank and the water level in the tank. In the case of gasoline engines, the hydrogen is directed to the air intake of the engine while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device is optionally powered by the vehicle battery, a stand alone battery, waste heat of the internal combustion engine or solar energy. The system utilizes a vacuum switch or other engine sensor that permits power to the device and therefore hydrogen production only when the engine is in operation. Therefore, as the hydrogen is produced it is immediately consumed by the engine. No hydrogen is stored on, in or around the vehicle.12-01-2011
20120097117REFORMED ETHANOL ENGINES - Improved internal combustion engine power systems (e.g., those used to generate mechanical or electrical power in vehicular applications) that utilize a reformed alcohol fuel comprising a hydrogen-containing gas mixture, and more particularly, the efficient operation of such engines and power systems are disclosed. Modes of operating the engine power systems that provide faster startup and lower cost and emissions are provided. In various preferred embodiments, the internal combustion engine power systems include dilution of the intake fluid mixture introduced into the combustion chamber or cylinder of the engine using recirculated exhaust gas and/or excess combustion air as the diluent, use of blends of ethanol reformate and unreformed ethanol as fuel and aftertreatment of the exhaust gas discharged from the cylinder using a lean NO04-26-2012
20120024242Protecting Passengers and Internal Combustion Engines from a Malfunctioning Hydrogen/Oxygen Generator Apparatus - A series of control circuits and the use of a stable Hydrogen/Oxygen Generator Cell to protect passengers and automobile from fire or destruction of the engine under malfunction conditions.02-02-2012
20090000574Organic Hydride Reactor and Hydrogen Generator - An organic hydride reactor generates hydrogen by electrolyzing electrolyte to manufacture the organic hydride from the generated hydrogen. The system has a anode and cathode opposed to each other, the electrolyte supplied between the anode and cathode, a hydrogenation catalyst performing hydrogenation reaction between the hydrogen supplied from the anode by electrolysis and organic compound. The anode cathode has gas-fluid separation function and the electrolyte is supplied to only one surface of the anode and cathode, and a gas caused by electrolysis is discharged from a surface not being in contact with the electrolyte of the anode and cathode.01-01-2009
20110290202METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE CONVERSION OF AQUATIC PLANTS INTO BIOGASES AND ELECTRICITY - A method for producing a biogas is provided. The method includes the steps of providing a polyculture of aquatic plants to a growth system; continuously providing water, carbon dioxide, air and nutrients to the polyculture contained within the growth system; growing the polyculture for a time sufficient to produce an aquatic plant-based biomass; withdrawing a portion of the aquatic plant-based biomass contained within the growth system; and treating the withdrawn aquatic plant-based biomass to produce a biogas.12-01-2011
20100018478COMBUSTION METHOD, SYSTEM, AND ARTICLE - A method includes mixing air and converted fuel from an on-board fuel converter in a fuel mixer to form an air-converted fuel mixture, the air-converted fuel mixture includes a short chain hydrocarbon; mixing the air-converted fuel mixture with a high specific heat diluent to form an air-diluent-converted fuel mixture; mixing the air-diluent-converted fuel mixture with a first amount of fuel to form a homogenous mixture. A system and article are included.01-28-2010
20090071420Operating Method for a System Composed of a Reformer and a Catalytic Exhaust Gas Aftertreatment Device - An operating method for a system including a reformer which in reformate mode can convert hydrocarbon-containing fuel to a hydrogen-rich reformate gas, and a catalytic exhaust gas aftertreatment device which is acted upon by reformer gas to reach the catalytic converter light-off temperature more rapidly. During cold starts, the reformer, after its own starting phase, is initially operated in a so-called lean-burn mode, and the reformer is switched from lean-burn mode to reformate mode as soon as combustible constituents in the catalytic aftertreatment device can be independently oxidized. During the reformer lean-burn mode, the combustible constituents of the engine's exhaust gas react with the hot reformer gas, such that the cumulative exhaust gas flow has the composition of exhaust gas generated by stoichiometric combustion.03-19-2009
20110265738WIRE CATALYST FOR HYDROGENATION/DEHYDROGENATION REACTION AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR - A wire catalyst for hydrogenation reaction and/or dehydrogenation reaction comprises a metallic core and an oxide surface layer covering at least part of the surface thereof. The metallic core is electrically conductive so that the metallic core itself can generate heat by directly passing an electric current therethrough or electromagnetic induction. The oxide surface layer is made of an oxide of a metallic element constituting the metallic core. The oxide surface layer is provided with a porous structure having pores opening at the surface of the oxide surface layer. The catalytic material is supported in the pores of the oxide surface layer. When a shaped wire catalyst is manufactured, the shaping into a specific shape is made before the oxide surface layer having the porous structure is formed and the catalytic material is supported thereon.11-03-2011
20090120385Method And Apparatus Of Fuelling An Internal Combustion Engine With Hydrogen And Methane - A gaseous-fuelled internal combustion engine and a method of engine operation improve combustion stability and reducing emissions of NOx, PM, and unburned hydrocarbons. The method comprises fuelling an internal combustion engine with hydrogen and natural gas, which can be directly injected into the combustion chamber together or introduced separately. Of the total gaseous fuel delivered to the engine, at least 5% by volume at standard temperature and pressure is hydrogen. For at least one engine operating condition, the ratio of fuel rail pressure to peak in-cylinder pressure is at least 1.5:1. A fuel injection valve introduces the gaseous fuel mixture directly into the combustion chamber. Two separate fuel injection valves could also introduce the methane and hydrogen separately. An electronic controller controls timing for operating the fuel injection valve(s). The engine has a preferred compression ratio of at least 14:1.05-14-2009
20090211541Method for converting solar thermal energy08-27-2009
20090139470ENGINE SYSTEM - An engine system in which either hydrogen produced from a hydrogen containing medium in terms of reaction using a catalyst or a mixture of the hydrogen and the hydrogen containing medium is employed as a fuel, in order to restrict heat deformation of a reactor, the engine system including a reactor configured to cause a reaction using a catalyst, in which the reactor is constituted by alternately disposing plural exhaust passages and plural fuel passageways of the engine system with a wall interposed therebetween; at least one carrier configured to carry the catalyst and to be formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape is fitted in at least one of fuel passageways; and the carrier is provided with a plate portion which has a surface disposed in a fuel flowing direction and is formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape and at least one slit portion which divides the surface of the plate portion in the fuel flowing direction.06-04-2009
20130098314EMISSION REDUCTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES BY ON-BOARD CARBON DIOXIDE CONVERSION TO FUEL - An apparatus and process for reducing vehicle emissions by converting exhaust gases to hydrocarbon fuel. The apparatus and process supplement conventional emission control techniques to further reduce vehicle emissions of harmful substances. The apparatus includes a heat exchanger to extract thermal energy from exhaust gases of a combustion engine that powers propulsion of a vehicle, a membrane separator to separate water and carbon dioxide from the exhaust gases, and a catalytic reactor comprising a nano catalyst. The catalytic reactor receives the water and the carbon dioxide from the membrane separator, contains a reaction of the water and the carbon dioxide that produces hydrocarbon fuel and is facilitated by the nano catalyst, and uses the thermal energy from the heat exchanger to stimulate the reaction. The catalytic reactor is contained within a body of the heat exchanger to facilitate the transfer of thermal energy.04-25-2013
20090114168Motor vehicle fuel reformation system - A method and apparatus for reforming a hydrocarbon fuel within a motor vehicle increases its energy content, improves its combustibility and reduces combustion by-products. The hydrocarbon fuel is cracked during multiple passes through a reactor vessel by means of electrochemical interactions with a reactor rod composed of a magnetic and/or catalytic material. Various different fractions of reformed fuel can be recovered and used either within the vehicle or externally.05-07-2009
20120291721Selectively Storing Reformate - Systems and methods are provided for selectively storing gaseous reformate output by a fuel reformer for fueling an engine. Carbon monoxide produced by a fuel reformer may be continuously combusted in the engine and/or engine exhaust rather than being stored. In one example, reformate components produced by a fuel reformer, e.g., H2 and CH4, may be stored and buffered for use by an engine.11-22-2012
20110203537Device and Method for the Electrothermal-Chemical Gasification of Biomass - A device for extracting fuels from biomass while adding electrical energy, comprising the a gasifier for gasifying the biomass while adding electrical energy to a gas mixture, a reformer for reforming the gas mixture obtained from the gasification, a gas scrubber for scrubbing the reformed gas mixture, the device further comprising a heating system upstream of and/or in the region of the reformer for additionally heating the gas mixture obtained from the gasification and a first recirculation device so that the reformed or scrubbed gas mixture can optionally be recirculated to the gasifier or supplied to at least one correspondingly downstream component of the device, the first recirculation device providing a recirculation loop for the reformed or scrubbed gas mixture and the recirculation loop comprising at least the gasifier and the reformer.08-25-2011
20100126436DEGASSING OF HYDROCARBON FUEL - Various embodiments of the present invention are directed to degassing and cleaning of hydrocarbon fuel. Degassing of hydrocarbon fuel is a way to remove the dissolved gases which aid in the oxidization of the fuel as well as the removal of sulfur, water and other particulate matter through radial cavitation. This process allows for both improvements in efficiency as well as decrease in emissions of standard fuel and the re-refining of fuels which have broken down. University of Idaho did a study on the breakdown of diesel fuel and found out that 26% of the efficiency is lost by the 2805-27-2010
20080282998Ethanol fuel reforming system for internal combustion engines - Provided is an ethanol fuel reforming system for internal combustion engines with which system a reaction of reforming ethanol into diethyl ether can be conducted at a constant temperature, and the reaction can be maintained with stability. The system comprises reforming means 11-20-2008
20100126435INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH HIGH-EFFICIENCY GENERATION OF HYDROGEN - Apparatus for dissociating water into hydrogen and oxygen, comprising a tank and the quantity of water contained in said tank is dissolved. A quantity of a conductivity promoting material suspended or dissolved in said water to form an electrically conductive fluid and a plurality of plates suspended in said electrically conductive fluid and a reactive agent selected from the group consisting of derivatives of vegetable materials, derivatives of highly resinous vegetable materials, derivatives of vegetable materials taken from pinion pine, derivatives of vegetable materials taken from blood of dragon, water soluble derivatives of partially oxidized vegetable materials, water soluble derivatives of partially oxidized highly resinous vegetable materials, water soluble derivatives of partially oxidized vegetable materials taken from pinion pine, and water soluble derivatives of partially oxidized vegetable materials taken from blood of dragon.05-27-2010
20110005473Hydrogen Supply Device and Hydrogen Supplying Method - A hydrogen supply device which generates hydrogen from hydrogen storing material which chemically stores hydrogen by a catalyst, wherein said device comprises valves on the fuel supply port and the exhaust port, and a valve controller which controls timing to opening and close the valves. Fuel supply pressure is 2 to 20 atm. Hydrogen generation pressure is 5 to 300 atm. Exhaust pressure is atmospheric pressure to 0.01 atm.01-13-2011
20090188449METHOD TO ENHANCE AND IMPROVE SOLID CARBONACEOUS FUEL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS USING A HYDROGEN-RICH GAS - A method for improving the efficiency, enhancing the heat output, and reducing the harmful emissions of a solid carbonaceous fuel combustion system by introducing a hydrogen-rich gas into a solid carbonaceous fuel combustion process at one or more predetermined injection points or directly into a flame of the combustion process where the hydrogen-rich gas is controlled to be introduced at a desired flow-rate. The gas is introduced through one or more predetermined injection points which are selected from one or a combination of one or more primary air streams with the solid carbonaceous fuel prior to combustion, one or more secondary air streams with the solid carbonaceous fuel at combustion, one or more tertiary/overfire air streams downstream of the solid carbonaceous fuel combustion, and one or more injection ports near an exit end of a furnace of said combustion process.07-30-2009
20080257285Auxiliary-gas supplying apparatus for combustion engine - An auxiliary-gas supplying apparatus A for combustion engine B according to the invention includes: an ozone generator 10-23-2008
20090025660METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR HYDROGEN ENHANCED DIESEL ENGINE PERFORMANCE - A system includes an electrolysis unit capable of producing hydrogen and oxygen gases and interoperably connected to a diesel engine. The amount of amount of hydrogen and oxygen gases produced by the electrolysis unit is proportionally correlated to the stroke type and stroke displacement of the diesel engine. The system also includes a power supply system that is interoperably connected to the electrolysis unit. The power supplied by the power supply system is proportional to an amount of hydrogen and oxygen to be supplied to the diesel engine. The system also includes a safety mechanism interoperably connected to the power supply system so as to terminate power to the electrolysis unit in response to cessation of operation of the diesel engine.01-29-2009
20090139469Electrolyte Delivery System and Method - In a system for providing electrolyte to an electrolysis cell for producing hydrogen gas to inject into the intake of an internal combustion engine, a water store is in communication with a water supply line, for replenishing the level of electrolyte solution used by the electrolysis cell. A valve which may be disposed at a level below the level of the water supply line and is opened, for example upon deactivation of the engine, to drain the water out of the water supply line and prevent freezing in sub-freezing temperatures.06-04-2009
20100147231Electrolytic Cell for an Internal Combustion Engine - An electrolyser system produces combustion enhancing gas for communication with the intake of an internal combustion engine. An anode and a cathode are supported spaced apart from one another in a chamber filled with electrolytic solution with the cathode and the anode being nearest one another adjacent a bottom end of the chamber to concentrate the electrolysis activity adjacent the bottom end of the chamber. The electrolysis activity is therefore not significantly affected by varying levels of solution in the chamber. The anode comprises a plurality of independent units with respective independent power supplies. An amperage control selectively connects and disconnects the power supplies with the respective independent units of the anode for adjusting applied amperage across the solution and accordingly for varying the production rate of combustion enhancing gas responsive to engine demands.06-17-2010
20120067304Economical hybrid fuel - One embodiment of an improved method for reducing engine system (03-22-2012
20110220040COUPLED THERMOCHEMICAL REACTORS AND ENGINES, AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS - Coupled thermal chemical reactors and engines, and associated systems and methods. A system in accordance with a particular embodiment includes a reactor vessel having a reaction zone, a hydrogen donor source coupled in fluid communication with the reaction zone, and an engine having a combustion region. The system can further include a transfer passage coupled between the combustion region and the reaction zone to transfer a reactant and/or radiate energy to the reaction zone. The system can further include a product passage coupled between the reaction zone and the combustion region of the engine to deliver to the combustion region at least a portion of a constituent removed from the reaction zone.09-15-2011
20090050080HYDROGEN PEROXIDE-FUELED ROTARY EXPANSION ENGINE - A hydrogen peroxide-fueled engine system is provided. Embodiments of the system include: a source outputting liquid hydrogen peroxide; a decomposition chamber including an inlet in fluid communication with the source for receiving the liquid hydrogen peroxide, an outlet, and a catalyst interposed between the inlet and the outlet; and a rotary expansion engine including a gas outlet, a gas inlet in fluid communication with the outlet of the decomposition chamber, a generally lobe-shaped expansion chamber in fluid communication with the gas inlet and the gas outlet, and a rotor contacting a surface of the lobe-shaped expansion chamber between the gas outlet and the gas inlet, the rotor including an output shaft and diametrically-opposed first and second sealing arms that pivot outwardly to contact the surface. In another aspect, a method of producing rotational energy from decomposition of liquid hydrogen peroxide is provided.02-26-2009
20090194042Fuel Supply System for a Vehicle Including a Vaporization Device for Converting Fuel and Water into Hydrogen - A fuel supply system (08-06-2009
20110139097GAS GENERATION AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - A system for generating gas includes a gas source which includes a gas generator and a gas compressor. The system also includes a gas management apparatus in a flow path between the gas source and gas sink. The gas management apparatus includes a primary pressure vessel that stores gas when a gas source flow rate exceeds a gas sink flow rate, and that releases stored gas when the gas source flow rate is less than the gas sink flow rate. The gas management apparatus also includes a primary variable state material that absorbs the gas when in an absorptive state, and releases the gas in a releasing state.06-16-2011
20090241861ENGINE SYSTEM - It is an object of the invention to provide an engine system using a small-sized heat exchanger having a high efficiency and a stable performance for heating and vaporizing a hydrogen medium supplied to a reactor vessel. The engine system includes an engine having an intake pipe for taking in air for combustion thereinto and an exhaust pipe for exhausting exhaust gas therefrom, a reactor vessel with a catalyst supported therein for decomposing a hydrogen medium which contains hydrogen in molecules thereof and of which the hydrogen can be taken out by a chemical reaction, a hydrogen medium tank storing the hydrogen medium, a high-pressure pump for pressurizing and transporting the hydrogen medium, a first heat exchanger for exchanging heat with the hydrogen medium in a liquid state, a second heat exchanger for exchanging heat with the hydrogen medium in a gas state, and a back pressure valve for depressurizing and vaporizing the hydrogen medium, disposed in a hydrogen medium flow path between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger, wherein the reactor vessel is disposed in the exhaust pipe so that the reactor vessel can exchange heat with the exhaust pipe, and wherein the high-pressure pump, the first heat exchanger, and the second heat exchanger are arranged in the hydrogen medium flow path for transporting the hydrogen medium from the hydrogen medium tank to the reactor vessel in this order from an upstream side in the hydrogen medium flow path.10-01-2009
20090183695On-board fuel refining in motorized vehicles - Various embodiments of the present invention are directed to systems and methods for on-board refining of fuels within motorized vehicles. On board fuel refining is a finish-refining step that allows a fuel to be more precisely tailored to a particular vehicle and internal-combustion engine and to the current conditions under which the fuel is being used. In one embodiment, the fuel is subjected to fluid-shear forces and cavitation.07-23-2009
20090250018Engine System - An engine system comprising an engine, hydrogen medium capable of repeating chemically storing and discharging hydrogen, an exhaust gas pipe from said engine; and a reactor unit bearing a catalyst; 10-08-2009
20100162970HEAT -PIPE ELECTRIC POWER GENERATING DEVICE AND HYDROGEN/OXYGEN GAS GENERATING APPARATUS AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME - A heat-pipe electric power generating device includes a heat pipe having an evaporating end and a condensing end, a non-magnetic shell connected to the condensing end, a generator stator coil disposed at the outer of the non-magnetic shell, a turbine disposed in the heat pipe, a driving axle connected to the turbine and extended into the non-magnetic shell, and a magnetic element disposed at the driving axle and located in the non-magnetic shell. A vapor flow flowing to the condensing end is generated at the evaporating end. The vapor flow drives the turbine to move the magnetic element, such that the generator stator coil generates an induced current. In addition, a hydrogen/oxygen gas generating apparatus and an internal combustion engine system having the heat-pipe electric power generating device are also provided.07-01-2010
20100147232SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING FUEL ECONOMY IN COMBUSTION ENGINES - An application for a system and method for generating browns gas (mixture of oxygen and hydrogen) from a direct current power source is disclosed. The browns gas is mixed with fossil fuels such as gasoline, ethanol and diesel before combustion in a combustion engine. In such, the efficiency of the combustion engine is improved while reducing emissions of pollutants. A unique grid arrangement is immersed in an electrolyte for generating browns gas. The grid assembly includes conductive plates that are insulated and interspersed between positively biased plates and negatively biased plates, thereby improving the efficiency of the electrolysis.06-17-2010
20100175638Water Combustion Technology - The Haase Cycle - The instant invention presents combustion of hydrogen with oxygen producing environmentally friendly combustion products, wherein management of energy and of combustion is improved. The instant invention presents improved thermodynamics, thereby improving combustion power and efficiency. The instant invention utilizes steam from combustion to: 1) maintain power output of combustion, 2) provide method(s) of energy transfer, 3) provide method(s) of energy recycle, 4) provide power, and 5) cool the combustion chamber. Steam is used as a potential energy source, both from kinetic and available heat energy, as well as conversion to H07-15-2010
20090314227METHOD OF OPERATING A GAS ENGINE PLANT AND FUEL FEEDING SYSTEM FOR A GAS ENGINE - A gas engine plant that includes a combustion engine adapted to combust gaseous fuel receives fuel containing hydrocarbons, reforms the fuel by cracking the heavier hydrocarbons in the fuel while minimizing cracking of methane, and feeds the reformed fuel in gaseous form to the combustion engine.12-24-2009
20100192879METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR STARTING A VEHICLE ENGINE - Methods and systems for starting a vehicle engine are provided. One example method for starting a vehicle engine having a plurality of cylinders may include generating hydrogen gas and oxygen gas onboard the vehicle from water. The method may further include maintaining the hydrogen gas and oxygen gas together as a gaseous mixture. The method may further include injecting the gaseous mixture to at least one cylinder of the engine during a start.08-05-2010
20120031352Internal Combustion Engine Enhancement Device and Method - A device that injects hydrogen gas into an engine's air intake or intake manifold that is demand controlled by the vehicle's throttle linkage in an approximately linear manner. When the throttle is depressed, hydrogen generation can start or increase, and when the throttle is released, hydrogen generation can stop of decrease. The device of the present invention uses the vehicle's own vacuum to control the production of hydrogen by forcing a liquid to rise in a chamber and into contact with metal in response to increasing vacuum thus producing an increasing amount of hydrogen gas with increasing throttle depression.02-09-2012
20100224141INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An internal combustion engine operable with a mixed fuel composed of alcohol and gasoline and excellent in fuel efficiency and durability. A separator separates the mixed fuel, which is composed of gasoline and ethanol, into high-concentration ethanol and high-concentration gasoline. A reforming fuel supply device supplies the high-concentration ethanol, as a reforming fuel, into an exhaust gas removed through a branch pipe. A fuel reforming catalyst supported in a reforming chamber within a heat exchanger works to cause a reforming reaction between the high-concentration ethanol and exhaust gas and generate a reformed gas that contains H09-09-2010
20100212611INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - A fuel reforming catalyst is installed in an internal combustion engine, the catalyst generating a combustible gas from a reforming fuel by using heat of the exhaust gas. In the reforming control, the combustible gas generated by action of the fuel reforming catalyst is refluxed into the intake system. An ECU varies a lower limit temperature of the reforming control depending on a mixture ratio of a gasoline and an ethanol in the reforming fuel. If the temperature of the fuel reforming catalyst is lower than the lower limit temperature, the ECU suspends the injection of the reforming fuel. The device can enlarge a temperature range to perform reforming control as much as possible, and perform the reforming control under suitable temperature conditions.08-26-2010
20100275859METHOD TO PROVIDE SUPPLEMENTAL FUEL FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - The present invention is directed to a method and system for supplementing fuel for an internal combustion engine by applying a current across a cathode and an anode in an aqueous electrolyte solution to generate fuel gas such as hydrogen; directing the fuel gas to fill a collapsible bag; directing the fuel gas past the collapsible bag to the internal combustion engine when the collapsible bag is full; and allowing the fuel gas that filled the collapsible bag to be drawn into the engine when the engine requires a fuel boost.11-04-2010
20100218734BIO-DIESEL FUEL ENGINE SYSTEM AND BIO-DIESEL FUEL ENGINE OPERATING METHOD - A bio-diesel fuel engine system and bio-diesel fuel engine operating method capable of producing a biomass fuel from a liquid state biomass source material of a fat-containing vegetable or animal oil allowing fuel to be combusted in a conventional diesel engine while providing the benefits of low fuel consumption, stable engine operation, and extended engine service life, with compared to use a biomass fuel reformed by methyl-ester method.09-02-2010
20100242864EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION SYSTEM AND EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION METHOD - An exhaust gas purification system, which upgrades exhaust gas purification while curtailing an increase in an operating cost, is disclosed. The exhaust gas purification system comprises an SCR catalyst for reducing and removing nitrogen oxides in an exhaust gas from an engine (09-30-2010
20100206249FUEL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR VERY HIGH EFFICIENCY FLEX FUEL ENGINES - Turbocharged or supercharged spark ignition engine. The engine includes a source of methanol for direct injection of methanol into the engine and for delivering a portion of the methanol to a reformer for generating a hydrogen-rich gas.08-19-2010
20110056445System and method for preparing an optimized fuel mixture - Aspects of the present invention relate to systems and method for converting ozone and fuel into mechanical energy and waste products. In some embodiments, a super-combustor may be used to provide a combustion engine with an improved ability to combust fuel. Certain embodiments of the invention may provide for an improved spark plug or modified engine having a super-combustor built in.03-10-2011
20100132635LNT Desulfation Strategy With Reformer Temperature Management - Desulfation methods for an exhaust treatment system having a fuel reformer configured upstream of a LNT. Reductant is injected upstream of the fuel reformer. The reductant reacts within the reformer to generate heat, but the system is configured for some reductant to breakthrough and react in the LNT to generate further heat. This configuration allows the LNT to operate at temperatures higher the than first device and facilitates independent control of the LNT and first device temperatures.06-03-2010
20080230017FUEL REFORMER AND POWER SOURCE WITH FUEL REFORMER - A fuel reformer of a power source includes: a gas-liquid separator which separates raw fuel into gas-phase fuel and liquid-phase fuel; and a molecular weight-increasing catalytic device which is provided downstream of the gas-liquid separator and includes a molecular weight-increasing catalyst which increases molecular weight of the gas-phase fuel. The fuel reformer is capable of improving combustion characteristics.09-25-2008
20090107423FUEL REFORMING PROCESS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A fuel reforming system, process, and device including a catalytic chamber and a beating chamber. The catalytic chamber, further including a fluid fuel intake and a gaseous fluid exit port and at least one heat exchanger for distributing heat between the heating chamber and the catalytic chamber. The catalytic chamber further including a screen member having a surface, wherein the member includes a catalytic deposit made from a combination of platinum and rhodium alloy. A catalytic conversion of converting liquid fuel to gaseous fuel occurs within the catalytic chamber. Fuel exits the fuel reforming device through a gaseous fluid exit port.04-30-2009
20120031353METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ENGINE - A method for operating an engine with a fuel reformer is presented. In one embodiment a first fuel is reformed into a gaseous fuel comprising H, CO, and CH02-09-2012
20100180839SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THE CO-GENERATION ON FUEL HAVING A CLOSED-LOOP ENERGY CYCLE - A system is provided that draws heat from an open-loop engine cycle into a closed-loop working fluid circulatory system that utilizes computer-aided feedback mechanisms. The closed-loop working fluid draws engine heat from multiple sources: exhaust stack gases, the engine block, the engine transmission, and the engine headers and exhaust manifold near the valves. Heat exchangers are arranged in an ascending pattern according to the temperature of the heat at each heat generating location of the open-loop engine cycle. A wankel or similar type engine receives the heated working fluid and rotates a shaft connected to a generator to generate electricity. An electrolysis unit is powered by the generated electricity and separates water into hydrogen and oxygen. A reformation unit receives fuel such as diesel and the generated hydrogen to reform the fuel prior to injection into the engine for combustion. Oxygen from hydrolysis is combined with ambient air to increase combustion efficiency and reduce harmful emissions.07-22-2010
20120240874SHIP FOR SUPPLYING LIQUIFIED FUEL GAS - A ship for bunkering liquefied fuel gas to a liquefied-fuel-gas propulsion ship includes: a liquefied-fuel-gas storage tank installed in the ship; a fuel supply pipe connected to the liquefied-fuel-gas storage tank and supplying fuel to the liquefied-fuel-gas propulsion ship; and a BOG collection pipe collecting BOG produced in a liquefied fuel gas tank of the liquefied-fuel-gas propulsion ship.09-27-2012
20110030625APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION OF OZONE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An apparatus for the production of ozone for an internal combustion engine comprising a non-conductive shell having a first and second opening which allows air to flow therethrough and first and second electrodes disposed inside the shell. The first electrode is spaced a distance from the second electrode, the first electrode having a smaller diameter than, and being aligned axially within the second electrode. The first electrode permits air to flow therethrough. A high voltage source is connected to the first and second electrode, the high voltage source capable of producing a voltage differential on the first and second electrodes sufficient to cause the production of ozone. A change from oxygen to ozone occurs in the air flowing through the apparatus. The shell is preferably cylindrical.02-10-2011
20110239962LOW SPECIFIC EMISSION DECOMPOSITION - An alternative or supplement to combustion within an engine is decomposition of nitrous oxide into two parts nitrogen, one part oxygen. This decomposition releases thermal energy that may be captured and converted to useful work. Traditional combustion engines are limited to oxidizer/fuel ratio ratios near the proportional mixture of fuel and oxidizer that achieves complete combustion of the fuel. The presently disclosed technology increases the oxidizer/fuel ratio above that of all traditional combustion engines and still achieves useable power output primarily through decomposition of nitrous oxide. Decomposition of nitrous oxide into nitrogen and oxygen in an engine outputs two parts nitrogen and one part oxygen, which is roughly equivalent to oxygen rich atmospheric air. Output of carbon dioxide and other undesirable chemical compounds is avoided when compared to combustion of a carbon-hydrogen fuel and an oxidizer containing oxygen.10-06-2011
20090031968PROCESS FOR OPERATING A COMPRESSION IGNITION INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE IN COMBINATION WITH A CATALYTIC REFORMER - A process for operating a compression ignition internal combustion engine (02-05-2009
20100180838ALTERNATIVE FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An internal combustion engine that includes an engine block assembly, an air intake system coupled to the engine block assembly and an alternative fuel delivery system coupled to the air intake system. The alternative fuel delivery system includes a control module that monitors measurements of operational data of the internal combustion engine from the one or more sensors. In response to the operational data, the control module determines a fuel flow rate of alternative fuel and controls injection of the alternative fuel to provide the determined fuel flow rate of alternative fuel into the air intake system.07-22-2010
20110247574Reformate Control via Accelerometer - Engine surge includes oscillations in engine torque resulting in bucking or jerking motion of a vehicle that may degrade driver experience. The present application relates to increasing reformate entering an example engine cylinder in response to engine surge.10-13-2011
20120240875EMULSION FUEL ENABLING SYSTEM AND METHOD - Disclosed are a system and a method for promoting the formation of the emulsified fuel of a diesel engine. The system includes a viscous oil-water tank; an emulsified fuel mixing device for mixing viscous oil-water with diesel fuel to obtain emulsified fuel; a dual-fuel return fuel emulsification-promoting device connecting to a diesel tank, the emulsified fuel mixing device, and the return fuel pipe and the main fuel pipe of the engine respectively; a heat-exchanging device for heating the emulsified fuel from the dual-fuel return fuel emulsification-promoting device by the cooling water of the engine; a first purifying pipe and a second purifying pipe for purifying the main fuel pipe; and a dual-fuel management device for switching between the diesel fuel supply and the emulsified fuel supply according to the temperature of the cooling water, and after the ignition switch of the engine is closed, for controlling the diesel fuel to clean up the emulsified fuel in the engine, in the main fuel pipe and in the devices. By using the system, the water content of the emulsified fuel can be up to 33% and the diesel engine can keep essentially unchanged power, start easily and run steadily.09-27-2012
20110174242CYLINDRICAL HYDROGEN FUEL GENERATOR HAVING TUBULAR CELLS WITH MICROSCOPIC INDENTATIONS - A hydrogen fuel generator having a fuel cell unit having conductive tubular cells with microscopic indentations on one or more surfaces is described.07-21-2011
20090090313METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENHANCING THE UTILIZATION OF FUEL IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - In one aspect of the present invention, a mixture of conventional gasoline and hydrogen-containing additive, such as ethanol, destined for use as a fuel for an ICE, is processed through a fuel generator interposed between a source of the fuel mixture and an internal combustion engine (ICE). Within the fuel generator, the mixture is subjected to electrolysis and then fed to the ICE, one objective being to more efficiently power the ICE, with a fuel mixture having a minimum, and preferably no gasoline in the mixture. A method and apparatus is disclosed.04-09-2009
20110067652DIESEL POWERED SEMI-TRAILER TRUCK - An improved vehicle having a hydrogen generator providing a mixture of hydrogen and/or oxygen to a combustion chamber of a diesel powered engine which is combined with diesel fuel for improving the efficiency of the diesel powered engine and substantially preventing unwanted organic residue produced by the combustion of the diesel fuel, a secondary cooling fan connected to the diesel powered engine; and a control system controlling the operation of at least one of the generator, the primary cooling fan and the secondary cooling fan to enhance the performance of the vehicle.03-24-2011
20100300382FUEL REFORMING APPARATUS - Fuel reforming catalysts 12-02-2010
20110253070Hydrogen generator - A hydrogen generator for apparatus for use in an internal combustion engine of a vehicle for increasing the efficiency of the engine and decreasing emissions from the engine has stainless-steel electrolysis plates that are close-spaced in the generator housing. The hydrogen unit is configured to inject hydrogen after the throttle body and the carburetor using a spacer located between the intake manifold and the throttle body or carburetor. Alternative, a modified spark plug equipped with a tube and a check valve is mounted on the engine, while being controlled by the generator's PCB controller. The PCB controller is configured to control a variety of operational control devices, including a gas level controller, a liquid level controller, a temperature controller, a pressure controller, a flow rate controller, a current controller a tachometer controller, a pressure sensor configured to detect gas pressure in the housing, a liquid sensor configured to detect level of aqueous solution in the housing, and a temperature sensor. The operational conditions of the hydrogen generator can be controlled from a cab of the vehicle.10-20-2011
20090000575Engine System - An object of the present invention is, in an engine system including a medium which chemically repeats storage and release of hydrogen, to provide an engine system where CO01-01-2009
20090126655Catalytic Fuel Oil Economizer in Oil Lines of Motor Vehicle - The present invention discloses Aa vehicle oil-way catalytic fuel economizer which includes a catalyzing device, a heating box enveloping the catalyzing device, electric heating temperature controlling parts, return oil amount regulating parts and a return pipeline for economizing fuel oil. The catalyzing device includes a metal box, catalyzing stack sealed in the metal box, inlet and outlet joint communicating with the gaps of the catalyzing stack. The oil inlet is connected with the outlet of the pumping oil pipe, and the oil outlet is connected with main flown pipeline of the engine. The return pipeline for economizing fuel oil is connected between the inlet of the catalyzing device and original return pipeline of the vehicle engine. The present invention heats a catalytic stack using by the electricity of a vehicle storage battery. The fuel can converse a gas with a plurality of small molecules by the effect of accelerant and heat energy as the fuel through the gap of the catalytic stack, and then entrances into an engine cylinder and burns. The catalytic fuel economizer not only can burn the fuel completely and improve the heat efficiency of the engine, but also can decline the oil wear of electrical-spray vehicle in 100 kilometers of 40%-42% and decline the oil wear of carburetor vehicle in 100 kilometers of 48%-52%, and also takes off the contaminant in exhaust gas of the vehicle.05-21-2009
20110041784ENERGY SYSTEM FOR DWELLING SUPPORT - The present disclosure is directed to a system and method of providing energy to a dwelling. An engine is housed within an inner tank, which is in turn housed within an outer tank. The engine provides electricity which is used for a dwelling. Exhaust fumes from the engine are piped through a series of heat-exchanging tubes within the outer tank to heat potable water within the outer tank. Water enters the potable tank at a bottom of the tank, and warms as it rises through the outer tank toward an outlet near a top of the outer tank. Hot, potable water is provided from the top of the outer tank to the dwelling. Condensate from the exhaust is captured and used as potable water. Heat, vibration, and acoustic energy from the engine is captured by the fluid in the inner tank and transferred to the outer tank.02-24-2011
20110253072Pump Control for Reformate Fuel Storage Tank - Various systems and methods are described for a controlling a flow of reformate fuel in a fuel system which includes a reformer and a storage tank coupled to an engine in a vehicle. The system includes a pump located between the reformer and the storage tank that is selectively operated in order to reduce parasitic losses on the system.10-20-2011
20120199083MITIGATING THE EFFECT OF SILOXANES ON INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES USING LANDFILL GASSES - A waste gas combustion method that includes providing a combustible fuel source, in which the combustible fuel source is composed of at least methane and siloxane gas. A sodium source or magnesium source is mixed with the combustible fuel source. Combustion of the siloxane gas of the combustible fuel source produces a silicon containing product. The sodium source or magnesium source reacts with the silicon containing product to provide a sodium containing glass or sodium containing silicate, or a magnesium containing silicate. By producing the sodium containing glass or sodium containing silicate, or the magnesium containing silicate, or magnesium source for precipitating particulate silica instead of hard coating, the method may reduce or eliminate the formation of silica deposits within the combustion chamber and the exhaust components of the internal combustion engine.08-09-2012
20100319635REFORMED ALCOHOL POWER SYSTEMS - Improved alcohol reforming processes and reformed alcohol power systems utilizing those processes are disclosed. In preferred embodiments, the alcohol reforming processes utilize a thermally conductive reforming catalyst that allows efficient, low-temperature reforming of an alcohol fuel to produce a reformate gas mixture comprising hydrogen. The present invention makes possible the efficient utilization of alcohol fuels in an internal combustion engine to generate electrical or mechanical power such as in vehicular applications.12-23-2010
20100319636Internal Combustion Engines - An internal combustion engine (12-23-2010
20110061612SPACE ENGINE INCLUDING THE HAASE CYCLE WITH ENERGY RECOVERY COOLING - The instant invention relates to improved methods, systems, processes and apparatus (means) for the combustion of hydrogen (H03-17-2011
20100282188 METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REFORMATION OF FUELS AT LOW TEMPERATURES - A method and reactor suitable for reformation of fuels at low temperatures is disclosed. The method includes introducing an oxidized porous metal felts with a catalyst powder in a reaction chamber having a heat exchange relationship with a heat-providing chamber, vaporizing a liquid mixture of alcohol and water using an lconel tubing, and introducing the vaporized liquid into the reaction chamber for producing a methane gas. The fuel reforming reactor includes a heat-providing chamber in a heat exchange relationship with at least one reaction chamber. Each reaction chamber having an aluminum shim lining on at least one interior surface. Each reaction chamber accommodating a catalyst powder and an oxidized porous metal felt. The catalyst powder loaded onto the oxidized porous metal felt to facilitate production of methane gas from alcohol for use with the internal combustion engine.11-11-2010
20100282189EXHAUST GAS CLEANER - Provided is an exhaust gas cleaner by which nitrogen oxides contained in an exhaust gas can be efficiently removed in a wide temperature range from a low temperature. The exhaust gas cleaner (11-11-2010
20110253071ON-BOARD FUEL REFINING IN MOTORIZED VEHICLES - Various embodiments of the present invention are directed to systems and methods for on-board refining of fuels within motorized vehicles. On board fuel refining is a finish-refining step that allows a fuel to be more precisely tailored to a particular vehicle and internal-combustion engine and to the current conditions under which the fuel is being used. In one embodiment, the fuel is subjected to fluid-shear forces and cavitation.10-20-2011
20110114037SYSTEMS FOR ENERGY RECOVERY AND RELATED METHODS - Energy recovery systems can utilize waste heat from an internal combustion engine or other base energy conversion system in the operation of hydrogen processors. Some energy recovery systems can utilize more than one source of waste heat from the energy converting system for this purpose.05-19-2011
20120167840HYDROGEN GENERATOR AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE PROVIDED WITH HYDROGEN GENERATOR - A hydrogen generator provided with a cracker which cracks a compound containing hydrogen atoms and nitrogen atoms to generate hydrogen, a compound feeder which feeds the compound to the cracker, and an oxygen feeder which feeds oxygen to the cracker. The cracker includes catalyst particles which promote the cracking of the compound and catalyst particles which promote the oxidation of the compound. The cracker is fed with the compound and oxygen, causes the compound to oxidize to generate heat of oxidation, and uses the generated heat of oxidation to crack the compound.07-05-2012
20100180837HYDROGEN CELL FOR MOBILE IMPLEMENTATION - An fuel cell for inducing an electrolytic effect via one or more fluids to decrease the temperature of an internal combustion engine includes, a power supply, a voltage reducer operatively connected to the power supply, and a chamber. The chamber has a cathode, an anode, and a fluid disbursement member which is operatively coupled to an intake of the internal combustion engine. The power supply transmits energy to the voltage reducer to cause the hydrogen to be produced from one or more fluids. The hydrogen is then transmitted into the intake of an internal combustion engine to cause a decrease in temperature.07-22-2010
20100175639METHOD FOR ON BOARD DECARBONIZATION OF HYDROCARBON FUELS IN A VEHICLE - A method and apparatus for the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by the on-hoard treatment of a portion or all of the hydrocarbon fuel used to power an internal combustion engine mounted in a conventional transportation vehicle, utilize known decarbonization technology to break the fuel's hydrogen-carbon bond. The compounds are then cooled and separated into (1) elemental carbon powder that is stored on-board for later recovery and industrial use, and (2) hydrogen, or a hydrogen-rich gas stream, that is burned as a fuel in the ICE and/or diverted to other on-board energy related applications.07-15-2010
20110259285AMMONIA BURNING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An ammonia burning internal combustion engine using ammonia as fuel comprises an ammonia feed device feeding ammonia to a combustion chamber and a temperature/pressure raising system raising the temperature or raising the pressure of ammonia fed to the ammonia feed device. The temperature/pressure raising system raises the temperature or raises the pressure of ammonia by energy produced along with the operation of the internal combustion engine. As a result, an ammonia burning internal combustion engine maintaining high energy efficiency for the internal combustion engine as a whole or a vehicle mounted with the internal combustion engine as a whole while appropriately controlling the temperature or pressure of ammonia fed to an ammonia injector is provided.10-27-2011
20090308334METHOD OF CONTROLLING AN APPARATUS FOR GENERATING ELECTRIC POWER AND APPARATUS FOR USE IN SAID METHOD - A method of controlling an apparatus for generating electric power and apparatus for use in said method, the apparatus comprising a gasifier for biomass material, such as waste, wood chips, straw, etc., said gasifier being of the shaft and updraft fixed bed type, which from the top is charged with the raw material for gasification and into the bottom of which gasifying agent is introduced, and a gas engine driving an electrical generator for producing electrical power, said gas engine being driven by the fuel gas from the gasifier. By supplying the produced fuel gas directly from the gasifier to the gas engine and controlling the production of the fuel gas in the gasifier in order to maintain a constant electrical output power, the necessity of using a gas holder between the gasifier and the gas engine is avoided.12-17-2009
20110185990SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING COMBUSTION USING AN ELECTROLYSIS FUEL CELL - A system for improving combustion including electrolysis means for producing and storing hydrogen and oxygen gases operatively connected to injection means for injecting the hydrogen and oxygen gas into a combustion device. A hydrogen enrichment system. A method of improving combustion by producing and storing hydrogen and oxygen gases, injecting the hydrogen and oxygen gases into a combustion device, and performing combustion. A method of distributing current in an electrolysis system.08-04-2011
20080216774System For Producing A Hydrogen Enriched Fuel - A system for producing, dispensing, using and monitoring a hydrogen enriched fuel includes a producing system configured to produce the hydrogen enriched fuel, a vehicle having an engine configured to use the hydrogen enriched fuel, and a dispensing system configured to store and dispense the hydrogen enriched fuel into the vehicle. The system also includes a fuel delivery system on the vehicle configured to deliver the hydrogen enriched fuel to the engine, and a control system configured to control the producing system and to monitor the use of the hydrogen enriched fuel by the vehicle. A method includes the steps of producing hydrogen gas and a hydrocarbon fuel, blending the hydrogen gas and the hydrocarbon fuel into the hydrogen enriched fuel, using the hydrogen enriched fuel in the engine, and tracking emissions during the producing step and during the using step.09-11-2008
20110174241CYLINDRICAL HYDROGEN FUEL GENERATOR HAVING PASSIVE TUBULAR CELLS - A hydrogen fuel generator having a fuel cell unit having passive conductive tubular cells that are not coupled to the power source is described.07-21-2011
20100018477GAS SAVING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISSOCIATING WATER - The method consists of replacing the exhaust pipe directly below the exhaust manifold of an engine with an expanded exhaust pipe that encases the water dissociation device (01-28-2010
20100018476On-board hydrogen generator - A hydrogen generator for use with an engine is disclosed. The hydrogen generator has an exhaust duct situated to receive exhaust from the engine, and an SCR device located within the exhaust duct. The hydrogen generator also has a housing in fluid communication with the exhaust duct upstream of the SCR device, an electrolyte solution disposed within the housing, and a plurality of electrodes at least partially submerged in the electrolyte solution. The electrodes are electrically powered to produce hydrogen gas, and the hydrogen gas is directed to mix with the exhaust.01-28-2010
20100224142METHOD OF EXHAUST CLEANING FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND EXHAUST CLEANER - An exhaust cleaning method and exhaust cleaning apparatus for an internal combustion engine (09-09-2010
20090038561Motor System for Diminution of Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere - A motor system is described that sequesters ambient carbon dioxide to a removable carbonate salt by reacting ambient carbon dioxide with an alkali metal hydroxide. The carbon dioxide is aspirated by a turbo-generator that receives exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine. The turbo-generator produces electricity to form the hydroxide in situ from the electrolysis of water in a salt solution.02-12-2009
20120145096ENGINE SYSTEM WITH REFORMER - An engine system with a reformer, wherein an unreformed fuel is reformed by the reformer mounted in an exhaust pipe, and wherein a reformed fuel containing hydrogen is supplied to an engine. The engine system with a reformer includes a controller which, when the hydrogen generated by the reformer is supplied to the engine, determines a target heat generation beginning timing in accordance with a load applied to an engine, an engine speed, and an air excess ratio of an air-fuel mixture, and which controls an ignition timing of the engine so that a difference between a current heat generation beginning timing and the target heat generation beginning timing of the engine is within a predetermined range.06-14-2012
20120037099Method and Apparatus for Enhancing the Utilization of Fuel in an Internal Combustion Engine - In one aspect of the present invention, a mixture of conventional gasoline and hydrogen-containing additive, such as ethanol, destined for use as a fuel for an ICE, is processed through a fuel generator interposed between a source of the fuel mixture and an internal combustion engine (ICE). Within the fuel generator, the mixture is subjected to electrolysis and then fed to the ICE, one objective being to more efficiently power the ICE, with a fuel mixture having a minimum, and preferably no gasoline in the mixture. A method and apparatus is disclosed.02-16-2012
20110132287Pump Control for Reformate Fuel Storage Tank - Various systems and methods are described for a controlling a flow of reformate fuel in a fuel system which includes a reformer and a storage tank coupled to an engine in a vehicle. The system includes a pump located between the reformer and the storage tank that is selectively operated in order to reduce parasitic losses on the system.06-09-2011
20110146599HYDROGEN GENERATING SYSTEM - The present invention provides control systems and methods for generating hydrogen gas by electrolysis. The electrolysis control system comprises an electronic controller including a shaped current waveform generator and a current control device coupled to the output thereof; at least one electrode assembly disposed within a housing adapted to store an electrolyte solution, each electrode assembly comprising an anode coupled to an electrical power source; and a cathode coupled to the current control device, wherein the shaped current waveform generator causes the current control device to periodically couple the cathode to ground to pass current though the electrolyte solution and generate hydrogen gas.06-23-2011
20120037098Efficient combustion of hydrocarbon fuels in engines - This invention relates to a system and a method for achieving efficient combustion of hydrocarbon fuels in internal combustion engines to enhance the engine performance with reduced fuel consumption and emissions, comprising at least an infrared radiation source emitting infrared at wavelengths covering at least a portion of 3-20 micrometers wavelength range for exciting the hydrocarbon fuel and a hydrogen source providing hydrogen gas to be burned along with the infrared-excited hydrocarbon fuel in engine cylinder. The hydrocarbon fuel can be any of hydrocarbon-based fuels, including methane, propane, gasoline, ethanol, diesels, biodiesels, and renewable fuels, that are used to power internal combustion engines. The expectation is to provide an effective means of improving hydrocarbon fuel efficiency in engines for better engine performance with increased torque and power, improved fuel economy, and reduced exhaust emissions.02-16-2012
20110315096Gasifier Hybrid combined cycle power plant - The invention provides a system and method for the efficient, clean and simultaneous conversion of multiple fuels, including but not limited to waste derived gas, liquid and solid phase fuels, to electrical energy. The present invention used a closely coupled combined thermal cycle system based on an air fed gasifier and an internal combustion engine. Steam generated by exhaust heat from an internal combustion engine and from the combustion of syngas produced by the gasifier is used to power an admission steam turbine in an efficient system in which components such as water treatment, heat recovery, and other components are common to gasifier and the internal combustion engine. The invention offers several advantages over other combined cycle power plants employing gasifiers. These advantages include fuel flexibility, efficient operation at generating capacities in the 30 to 120 MW range, commonality of components, and the capability to provide both base load and demand load power from a variety of waste derived fuels.12-29-2011
20120055423Engine Fuel Reformer Monitoring - Systems and methods for monitoring a fuel reformer which reforms ethanol into a reformate gas comprising H03-08-2012
20120055422HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A hydrogen generation system for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank. The hydrogen is directed to the air intake of the engine while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device is powered by the vehicle battery. The system utilizes an engine sensor that permits power to the system only when the engine is in operation.03-08-2012
20120111290HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTATION FUEL APPARATUS AND METHOD - A hydrogen supplementation fuel apparatus and method having a power source, a hydrogen generator and an accumulator for supplementing hydrogen gas to improve the fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines. The hydrogen generator uses electrodes that are helically wound about a separator to increase the hydrogen generation output.05-10-2012
20110094458SYSTEM TO DYNAMICALLY VARY THE VOLUME OF PRODUCT GAS INTRODUCED INTO A HYDROCARBON COMBUSTION PROCESS - The Combustion Management System models each hydrocarbon combustion application and supplies a product gas, comprising a dynamic mixture of nascent hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O), to the internal combustion engine to propagate the formation of hydroxide radicals (OH) and thereby to improve the level of completion of the hydrocarbon combustion reaction. The Combustion Management System provides product gas volumetric requirement information; and takes into account the engine style, primary torque requests, and hydrocarbon fuel consumption information to develop an operating system specific application that produces consistent measurable results.04-28-2011
20110094459REGULATING A HYDROCARBON COMBUSTION PROCESS USING A SET OF DATA INDICATIVE OF HYDROCARBON FUEL CONSUMED CORRESPONDING TO A MONITORED ENGINE OPERATING CHARACTERISTIC - The Combustion Management System models each hydrocarbon combustion application and supplies a product gas, comprising a dynamic mixture of nascent hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O), to the internal combustion engine to propagate the formation of hydroxide radicals (OH) and thereby to improve the level of completion of the hydrocarbon combustion reaction. The Combustion Management System provides product gas volumetric requirement information; and takes into account the engine style, primary torque requests, and hydrocarbon fuel consumption information to develop an operating system specific application that produces consistent measurable results.04-28-2011
20110094457SYSTEM FOR REGULATING A HYDROCARBON COMBUSTION PROCESS USING A SUBSTANTIALLY STOICHIOMETRIC MIX OF HYDROGEN AND OXYGEN - The Combustion Management System models each hydrocarbon combustion application and supplies a product gas, comprising a dynamic mixture of nascent hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O), to the internal combustion engine to propagate the formation of hydroxide radicals (OH) and thereby to improve the level of completion of the hydrocarbon combustion reaction. The Combustion Management System provides product gas volumetric requirement information; and takes into account the engine style, primary torque requests, and hydrocarbon fuel consumption information to develop an operating system specific application that produces consistent measurable results.04-28-2011
20110094456SYSTEM FOR INCREASING THE LEVEL OF COMPLETION OF DIESEL ENGINE HYDROCARBON COMBUSTION - The Combustion Management System models each hydrocarbon combustion application and supplies a product gas, comprising a dynamic mixture of nascent hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O), to the internal combustion engine to propagate the formation of hydroxide radicals (OH) and thereby to improve the level of completion of the hydrocarbon combustion reaction. The Combustion Management System provides product gas volumetric requirement information; and takes into account the engine style, primary torque requests, and hydrocarbon fuel consumption information to develop an operating system specific application that produces consistent measurable results.04-28-2011
20120152184ENGINE WITH COMBINED COMBUSTION AND STEAM OPERATION FOR CURRENT GENERATION - The inventive subject matter relates to an engine with combined combustion and steam operation, the engine comprising more than one cylinder in which in each case a piston is mounted, the pistons being coupled to a common crankshaft in the engine, at least one of the pistons being drivable by the combustion of a fuel mixture in the cylinder space, and at least one further piston being drivable by the introduction and expansion of steam in the cylinder space, the steam being generated in a steam generation device outside the cylinder space, and the steam generation device being operable at least partially by waste heat from the engine.06-21-2012
20120125270Method and Apparatus for Controlling an Electric Motor and an Internal Combustion Engine - Method and apparatus for controlling an electric motor employing an electrolysis subassembly connected in an electrical circuit which includes the electric motor. While controlling the throughput of electrical current through the electrolysis subassembly, a fuel gas useful for fueling an internal combustion engine is simultaneously generated. The invention includes a novel electrolyte utilizing novel electrode structure and mode of operation.05-24-2012
20100288212On demand system for using water (HHO) as a sole fuel - The instant invention provides a system and apparatus for direct retrofit into any internal combustion engine a system and apparatus for an engine that uses only water as the raw fuel sources hydrogen, oxygen, and steam. The system is designed for on demand conversion of distilled water to hydrogen, oxygen and a slight amount of water vapor. Sensors, minor chamber modifications are the only minor changes to the original or OEM system provides an elegant answer to a question of alternative energy. With addition of multiple heat exchange units or steam generators, surplus energy is made.11-18-2010
20100288211Fuel system and method for burning liquid ammonia in engines and boilers - A process and apparatus is provided for burning liquid ammonia in an energy device such as a diesel engine, boiler or gas turbine. In particular, the process and apparatus include mixing a renewable fuel with a low flame speed and high ignition temperature, e.g., ammonia, with a combustible liquid fossil or bio-fuel and supplying the mixture into a closed fuel loop where part is efficiently burned in an engine combustion chamber, and part is used to cool the engine and returned by the loop for mixture with fresh incoming fuel mixture. The invention provides for the mixing and emulsifying in such a way that vapour lock is avoided. In the loop, the mixture is emulsified into a disperse distribution of fuel droplets such that upon injection of a portion into the combustion chamber, the renewable fuel in an emulsified droplet evaporates, mixes with the air and forms a small combustion cell surrounding the liquid fuel droplet. The fuel droplet burns and then serves as an ignition kernel for the gas mixture in the small combustion cell producing efficient and rapid combustion of the renewable fuel. The fuel loop allows the fuel system to automatically scale for engines varying in power output from 1 to 35,000 horsepower.11-18-2010
20120312255OPERATING AN ENGINE WITH REFORMATE - The present description relates to operation and control of a fuel reformer. In one embodiment, an engine constituent is adjusted in response to limiting an amount of reformate supplied to the engine during a condition of reformer degradation. The approach can improve engine operation. In this way, consequences of reformate system degradation may be reduced by limiting use of the reformate system after degradation is detected.12-13-2012
20120073525HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A hydrogen generation system for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank. The hydrogen is directed to the air intake of the engine while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device is powered by the vehicle battery. The system utilizes an engine sensor that permits power to the system only when the engine is in operation.03-29-2012
20120073524HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A hydrogen generation system for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank. The hydrogen is directed to the air intake of the engine while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device is powered by the vehicle battery. The system utilizes an engine sensor that permits power to the system only when the engine is in operation.03-29-2012
20120073523HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A hydrogen generation system for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank. The hydrogen is directed to the air intake of the engine while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device is powered by the vehicle battery. The system utilizes an engine sensor that permits power to the system only when the engine is in operation.03-29-2012
20120073522HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A hydrogen generation system for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank. The hydrogen is directed to the air intake of the engine while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device is powered by the vehicle battery. The system utilizes an engine sensor that permits power to the system only when the engine is in operation.03-29-2012
20120073521HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A hydrogen generation system for producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen as a fuel supplement into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with a fuel cell at low temperatures and pressure from water in a supply tank. The hydrogen is directed to the air intake of the engine while the oxygen is vented to the atmosphere. The device is powered by the vehicle battery. The system utilizes an engine sensor that permits power to the system only when the engine is in operation.03-29-2012
20120227683Tar Scrubber for Energy Recovery from Gasification Operations - A method and apparatus for generating electrical energy from combustion of biomass is provided. The present invention provides both liquid-phase and gas-phase fuel to an internal combustion engine that is designed to run on both types of fuel. Scrubbing syngas generated in an updraft gasifier with a first petrochemical-based liquid fuel reduces the concentration of tars in the syngas stream and also enables absorption of tars from the syngas into the first liquid fuel. After absorption, the tars form a second liquid fuel that is suitable for direct use in the internal combustion engine. As a result, the syngas provided to the engine is substantially free of tars and the volume of liquid fuel available to the engine is increased.09-13-2012
20120227684HYDROGEN/OXYGEN GAS GENERATING APPARATUS AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME - An internal combustion engine system including an electric power generating device, a container, a set of positive and negative electrodes and an internal combustion engine is provided. The container contains an electrolytic solution and has a gas outlet. The set of positive and negative electrodes are disposed within the electrolytic solution in the container, wherein the set of positive and negative electrodes are electrically connected to a first power output end and a second power output end of the electric power generating device, respectively. The internal combustion engine is connected to the gas outlet, wherein a gas product directed from the gas outlet is used as a fuel of the internal combustion engine. Further, the electric power generating device can be applied on a hydrogen/oxygen gas generating apparatus and integrated into the internal combustion engine system of a motor vehicle.09-13-2012
20120298054HYDROXY GAS PRODUCTION SYSTEM WITH A DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - A hydroxy gas generator for an internal combustion engine is digitally controlled by a micro- controller and is installed in a vehicle. The invention senses vehicle RPM and uses a pulse width modulation signal of variable duty cycle with feedback to set the current to the electrolysis cell to one of three possible values. At zero RPM the current to the cell is zero. At an idle, a small amount of hydrogen is produced to aid in combustion but to prevent strain on the alternator. Above an idle, the system is running at full capacity to generate the maximum amount of hydrogen.11-29-2012
20100326374Internal Combustion Engines - An internal combustion engine comprises a chamber having a longitudinal centreline, inlet valving operable to admit constituents of a combustible mixture into the chamber for combustion therein to provide a pressure increase and outlet valving operable to release an outflow of liquid from the chamber under the influence of that pressure increase as an energy output of the chamber. The chamber has a flowpath defined therein for flow of the liquid towards the outlet valving. The flowpath diverges from centreline in a downstream direction thereof and has a cross-section area in a direction perpendicular to the centreline that remains substantially equal or decreases in the downstream direction of the flowpath.12-30-2010
20130014711METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING A COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINEAANM Janssens; Ton V.W.AACI BagsvaerdAACO DKAAGP Janssens; Ton V.W. Bagsvaerd DKAANM Mikkelsen; Svend-ErikAACI VaerloseAACO DKAAGP Mikkelsen; Svend-Erik Vaerlose DKAANM Gabrielsson; Par L.T.AACI HelsingborgAACO SEAAGP Gabrielsson; Par L.T. Helsingborg SE - A method of operating a compression ignition engine on diethyl ether containing fuel obtained by conversion of a primary ethanol containing fuel, wherein the primary fuel is catalytically converted to a diethyl ether containing fuel at a constant minimum and maximum flow rate through a catalytic reactor. The thus prepared ether containing fuel is passed to a buffer tank and a system for use in anyone of the preceding claims comprising a first fuel tank for holding a primary ethanol containing fuel; an ethanol dehydration reactor connected to the first fuel tank at inlet of the reactor and to a second buffer tank connected at outlet of the reactor; the second buffer tank holding a diethyl ether containing fuel being formed in the dehydration reactor is further connected to a compression ignition engine; the second buffer tank is provided with at least a sensor for detecting an upper fuel level and at least a second sensor for detecting a lower fuel level in the buffer tank.01-17-2013
20110220039HYDROLYSIS SYSTEM TO PRODUCE HYDROGEN-OXYGEN GAS AS A FUEL ADDITIVE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - Internal combustion engines operate by igniting a mixture of liquid fuel and air inside its combustion chamber. The energy from the ignition is converted to mechanical energy that is used to power a vehicle. Research indicates that adding hydrogen gas into the combustion chamber improves the efficiency of the engine. The present invention is an electrolysis system that produces hydrogen and oxygen gases and injects them into the fuel line of the engine to create a mixture of the gases and the liquid fuel that is subsequently introduced into the combustion chamber for ignition. The operating temperature of the engine is lower if the gases are injected into the fuel line rather than directly into the combustion chamber.09-15-2011
20110265736ENGINE SYSTEM WITH REFORMER - Disclosed is an engine system with a reformer, the engine system comprising a reformer and driving an engine using, as a fuel, a reformed fuel produced by reforming pre-reformed fuel with the reformer, in which the reformer is connected with both a pre-reformed fuel supply adjustment unit which adjusts the amount of the pre-reformed fuel supplied to the reformer and a reformed fuel supply adjustment unit which adjusts the amount of reformed fuel supplied to the engine, and the reformer is installed adjacent to the engine combustion chamber via the reformed fuel supply adjustment unit.11-03-2011
20100229807FUEL CONSUMPTION REDUCTION APPARATUS - A fuel consumption reduction apparatus is implemented in an automobile and utilizes a magnetic device to magnetize fuel oil within a fuel pipe. Besides, the apparatus also utilizes an electrolytic device to decompose water into oxygen and hydrogen gases. Then, the oxygen gas generated from the electrolytic device and magnetized fuel oil are introduced into an engine. Because the oxygen gas and the magnetized fuel oil respectively have opposite charges, fuel combustion is much more perfect and fast. Then, power from fuel combustion is significantly increased. The present invention brings a less damage against environment in addition to energy saving and power increase.09-16-2010
20120090564HYDROGEN GAS ENGINE AND ENERGY-SAVING AUTOMOBILE - Compressor 04-19-2012
20100132634Electronic System for an Internal Combustion Engine - Disclosed is an electrolysis system for producing one or more gases for an internal combustion engine for enhancing combustion. The system uses stacked electrode plates including neutral plates for generating an oxygen and hydrogen gas mixture or Brown's gas which is the product of water electrolysis. The stacked plates are positioned between tensioned panels and separated by gaskets forming chambers there between for the generation of the gas mixture.06-03-2010
20100132633BIOMASS GASIFICATION REACTOR - In one aspect, the present invention provides a biomass gasifier comprising a reactor. The reactor includes (i) an inlet for biomass, (ii) an inlet for an oxygen-containing gas, (iii) an inlet for steam, (iv) an outlet for reactor product gas, (v) an outlet for ash, (vi) a biogas exit conduit coupled to the outlet for the reactor product gas and (vii) an inlet for a secondary oxygen source. The biogas exit conduit includes a catalytic partial oxidation unit, the catalytic partial oxidation unit is substantially restricting the biogas exit conduit. A system and method for biomass gasification is also provided.06-03-2010
20120240873INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An internal combustion engine 09-27-2012
20120240872Ignition Control for Reformate Engine - During operation of a spark ignition engine, an ignition system produces an output (e.g., breakdown voltage, peak secondary coil current, and spark duration) used to combust a charge (e.g., mixture of air and fuel) in an engine cylinder. Ignition output is important to consider in engines including a second fuel with high ignitability, for example in engines with a fuel reformer system. Example methods, devices and systems are included for adjusting ignition output.09-27-2012
20080245318Hydrogen-Fueled Internal Combustion Engine - It is an object of the present invention to improve the mixability of liquid hydrocarbon fuel and hydrogen gas and reduce the number of parts required for fuel supply means that supplies the two types of fuel. Disclosed is a hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine that uses liquid hydrocarbon fuel and hydrogen gas as fuel. The hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine comprises a fuel injection device for injecting hydrocarbon fuel; fuel supply means for supplying hydrocarbon fuel to the fuel injection device; and a microbubble generation device for generating microbubbles of hydrogen gas and mixing the generated microbubbles of hydrogen gas into liquid hydrocarbon fuel in the fuel supply means. The hydrogen gas microbubbles are supplied, for instance, to a fuel supply path (second fuel supply path) and fuel tank, which constitute the fuel supply means.10-09-2008
20080230018OCTANE NUMBER-INCREASING CATALYST, FUEL REFORMER OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, AND THE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - A fuel reformer of an internal combustion engine includes: an octane number-increasing catalytic device including an octane number-increasing catalyst; and an oxygen supply device that supplies oxygen to the octane number-increasing catalytic device. The octane number-increasing catalyst includes rhodium and increases an octane number of liquid-phase fuel under presence of oxygen. The fuel reformer can enhance combustion characteristics of the internal combustion engine09-25-2008
20130174797Hydrogen Supplemental System for On-Demand Hydrogen Generation for Internal Combustion Engines - A portable on-demand hydrogen supplemental system is provided for producing hydrogen gas and injecting the hydrogen gas into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced by a fuel cell from nonelectrolyte water in a nonelectrolyte water tank. The hydrogen gas is passed through a hydrogen gas collector. Nonelectrolyte water mixed with the hydrogen gas in the hydrogen gas collector is passed back thru the tank for distribution and water preservation. The system can be powered by the vehicles alternator, a stand-alone battery, waste heat or solar energy. The system utilizes an an onboard diagnostic (OBD) interface in communication with the vehicle's OBD terminal, to regulate power to the system so that hydrogen production for the engine only occurs when the engine is running. The hydrogen gas is produced it is immediately consumed by the engine. No hydrogen is stored on, in or around the vehicle.07-11-2013
20130133595ANCILLARY DEVICE FOR ENHANCING ENGINE FUEL COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY - An ancillary device for enhancing engine fuel combustion efficiency includes a pure water replenishable electrolytic bath and a hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell installed on an automobile. The electrolytic bath and the hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell are electrically connection with an automobile battery The battery supplies electrical power to the electrolytic bath to electrolyze water replenished thereto into hydrogen and oxygen, which are fed through a first gas supply tube into an automobile fuel conduit to mix with fuel for being supplied with the fuel to an engine cylinder. The hydrogen and oxygen are also supplied through a second gas supply tube to the hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell for chemical reaction that generates electrical power to charge the battery. The chemical reaction of the hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell generates a product of pure water that is supplied through a pure water tube to the electrolytic bath for circulative and cyclic use for electrolysis.05-30-2013
20130112157OZONE-AIDED COMBUSTION SYSTEM AND METHOD - An ozone-aided combustion system and method that provides for increased fuel efficiency and reduces the hydrocarbon output in internal combustion engines is disclosed. The system/method incorporates pre-combustion ozone production via an ozone generator to improve the ignition/combustion cycle in an internal combustion engine. Some preferred embodiments incorporate an air dryer for reducing the moisture content of the incoming air to improve ozone production over a range of ambient humidity conditions. Alternate preferred embodiments may incorporate a hydrolysis unit to generate dry oxygen to be added to the intake air stream of the ozone generator and/or hydrogen to be added to the downstream exhaust of the ozone generator to both enhance the production of ozone, improve the combustion efficiency of the internal combustion engine and to reduce the pollution generated by the engine. Computer control of the air dryer, ozone generator, and/or hydrolysis unit is anticipated as well as integration with vehicle control computers via standardized bus interfaces such as OBD-II.05-09-2013
20080202449Engine System - An engine system comprises a detection means for detecting a supply quantity or supply pressure of hydrogen rich gas which is disposed in a hydrogen rich gas supply pipe for supplying hydrogen rich gas to a combustion chamber of the engine, a hydrogen rich gas supply valve control means for controlling the supply of hydrogen rich gas by controlling the open/close timing and the amount of open/close lift of the hydrogen rich gas supply valve disposed in the combustion chamber of the engine based on the supply quantity or supply pressure detected by the detection means, an inlet valve for supplying air to the combustion chamber of the engine separately from the hydrogen rich gas supply valve, and an inlet valve control means for controlling the volume of air taken into the combustion chamber of the engine by the inlet valve.08-28-2008
20080202448MOBILE POWER GENERATION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A mobile power generating system and method, located on a mobile carrier. A power supply is coupled to an electrical drive motor, to power the drive motor. Rotational output from the drive motor is routed through a gear reduction system to increase one of horsepower and torque, and increased rotational output is then supplied to a generator, generating an electrical output. That output may be routed through a fuse box and transformer to the bus line.08-28-2008
20130145999A SYSTEM TO PRODUCE HYDROGEN GAS FUEL - A system for producing hydrogen gas fuel from water source or waste water source or a combination thereof to supplement an internal combustion engine. The system includes at least a hydrogen fuel electrolyzer, at least an electrical power storage means, at least a air intake chamber in the engine, at least an ignition switch, and at least a relay.06-13-2013
20110247573OXYGENATE DEHYDRATION SYSTEM FOR COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINES - A fuel system for an automotive engine comprises a dehydration catalyst device in fluid communication with a fuel injection system and a fuel tank, wherein the fuel tank is configured to store a fuel having an oxygenate content, wherein the dehydration catalyst device is configured to receive the fuel from the fuel tank, wherein the dehydration catalyst device is configured to dehydrate at least a portion of the oxygenate content into an ether to form an output fuel, and wherein the dehydration catalyst device is configured to provide the output fuel to the fuel injection system.10-13-2011
20100300381Electrolytic Reactor and Related Methods for Supplementing the Air Intake of an Internal Combustion Engine - Disclosed is an electrolytic reactor and related methods for supplementing the air-intake of an internal combustion engine with hydrogen.12-02-2010
20100307431Internal Combustion Engines - An internal combustion engine (12-09-2010
20110232589COMBUSTION CONTROL VIA HOMOGENEOUS COMBUSTION RADICAL IGNITION (HCRI) OR PARTIAL HCRI IN CYCLIC IC ENGINES - A process is provided for improving combustion control and fuel efficiency in rotary and reciprocating IC engines by enabling leaner combustion at higher compression ratios using less heat for ignition. Embodiments employ secondary chambers of minimal total volume within a cylinder periphery. These chambers communicate with a main chamber via conduits and enable a radical ignition (“RI”) species generation and supply process that starts in earlier cycles to be augmented and used in later cycles. Measures regulate the RI species generated and provided to the main chamber. These species alter dominant chain-initiation reactions of the combustion ignition mechanism. Also employed when preferable are fluids of higher heat of vaporization and volatility but lower ignitability than the fuel. This process improves combustion in radical ignition engines and radical augmented spark and compression ignition engines.09-29-2011
20130152879Fuel Processor With Mounting Manifold - An engine system comprises a fuel processor that is supplied with air and a fuel reactant stream to produce a hydrogen-containing gas stream. The fuel processor comprises a mounting manifold, a housing, and an internal reaction chamber. The mounting manifold can fluidly interconnect an upstream engine exhaust conduit and a downstream engine exhaust conduit via internal passageways in the manifold, attach and position the fuel processor within the engine exhaust conduit, and fluidly connect external reactant supply conduits to the internal reaction chamber of the fuel processor.06-20-2013
20110303166HCDS-ICair-single Single Stage Hydrogen Compression & Delivery System for Internal Combustion Engines Utilizing Air Cooling and Electrical Heating - The single stage hydrogen compression and delivery system for internal combustion engines utilizing an air cooling system and an electrical heater (HCDS-IC12-15-2011
20110308482METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENERGY GENERATION IN A CHEMICAL PLANT BY UTILIZING FLARE GAS - The present techniques provide systems and methods for recovering energy from flare gases in chemical plants and refineries. The systems use an engine to burn a portion of gas diverted from the flare system. The engine may be a reciprocating engine, or a burner in a boiler system, among others. The power generated by burning the flare gas is then used to power an energy recovery device. The energy recovery device may be an electrical generator, a compressor, or a steam boiler, among others.12-22-2011
20130186350HYDROGEN SUPPLEMENTAL SYSTEM FOR ON-DEMAND HYDROGEN GENERATION FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - A portable, on-demand hydrogen generation system producing hydrogen and injecting the hydrogen into the air intake of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen and oxygen is produced with an electrolyzer from nonelectrolyte water in a supply tank. The hydrogen and oxygen is passed back thru the supply tank for distribution and water preservation. The gases are kept separate by a divider in the tank. The device is optionally powered by the vehicle battery, a stand alone battery, waste heat of the internal combustion engine or solar energy. The system utilizes a vacuum switch or other engine sensor that permits power to the device and therefore hydrogen production only when the engine is in operation.07-25-2013
20100083915Electrochemical combustion actuator - An electromechanical actuator includes a cylinder and piston for driving a load and defining a chamber in which is disposed a buffer gas, such as nitrogen, and a solid or water-based electrolyte, and electrodes for generating hydrogen and oxygen by electrolysis that mixes with the buffer gas serving to control the combustion pressure profile, and into which chamber, above the electrolyte, is inserted an igniter for combusting the hydrogen and oxygen for creating high pressures in the chamber to move the piston and create efficient mechanical work.04-08-2010
20120000435Engine systems and methods of operating an engine - One embodiment of the present invention is a unique method for operating an engine. Another embodiment is a unique engine system. Other embodiments include apparatuses, systems, devices, hardware, methods, and combinations for engines and engine systems. Further embodiments, forms, features, aspects, benefits, and advantages of the present application will become apparent from the description and figures provided herewith.01-05-2012
20130192543Device for Introducing Biomaterial into a Combustion or Carburetor Chamber - The invention relates to a device for introducing biomaterial into a pressure-loaded combustion or carburetor chamber (08-01-2013

Patent applications in class Generating plants