Inventors list

Assignees list

Classification tree browser

Top 100 Inventors

Top 100 Assignees


Fuels, lubricants and additives

Subclass of:

123 - Internal-combustion engines

123001000 - MISCELLANEOUS

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Entries
DocumentTitleDate
20100154733DIESEL FUEL COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING A GAS OIL BASE FUEL AND A FATTY ACID ALKYL ESTER - A fuel composition comprising a gas oil base fuel and a fatty acid alkyl ester having less than 7% saturation; a fuel composition comprising a gas oil base fuel and a fatty acid alkyl ester having a Cloud Point of less than −5° C.; and a method of reducing the phase separation temperature of a fuel composition comprising a gas oil base fuel and a fatty acid alkyl ester.06-24-2010
20100147237DEVICE FOR ACCELERATING COMBUSTION OF LIQUID FUEL AND SYSTEM FOR ACCELERATING COMBUSTION OF LIQUID FUEL FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - The present invention relates to a device for accelerating the combustion of liquid fuel for improving the combustion efficiency of liquid fuel used in an internal combustion engine and a system for accelerating the combustion of liquid fuel using the device. The device is characterized in that magnets are provided in a metal pipe, and pure tourmaline ceramics and mixed tourmaline ceramics are used as a catalyst, so that fuel molecules are atomized by the magnetic field, generated by the magnets, and by far infrared rays, radioactive rays, and the like generated from the catalyst, thereby accelerating the combustion of fuel. The internal combustion engine using the device and system of the present invention can realize fuel savings and can reduce the discharge of environmental pollutants.06-17-2010
20110192367ENGINE COMBUSTION CONTROL VIA FUEL REACTIVITY STRATIFICATION - A compression ignition engine uses two or more fuel charges having two or more reactivities to control the timing and duration of combustion. In a preferred implementation, a lower-reactivity fuel charge is injected or otherwise introduced into the combustion chamber, preferably sufficiently early that it becomes at least substantially homogeneously dispersed within the chamber before a subsequent injection is made. One or more subsequent injections of higher-reactivity fuel charges are then made, and these preferably distribute the higher-reactivity matter within the lower-reactivity chamber space such that combustion begins in the higher-reactivity regions, and with the lower-reactivity regions following thereafter. By appropriately choosing the reactivities of the charges, their relative amounts, and their timing, combustion can be tailored to achieve optimal power output (and thus fuel efficiency), at controlled temperatures (and thus controlled NOx), and with controlled equivalence ratios (and thus controlled soot).08-11-2011
20130074794FUEL ADDITIVES FOR TREATING INTERNAL DEPOSITS OF FUEL INJECTORS - A method cleaning up internal components of a fuel injector for a diesel engine. The method includes operating a fuel injected diesel engine on a fuel composition that includes a major amount of diesel fuel and from about 5 to about 500 ppm by weight of a reaction product derived from (a) a hydrocarbyl substituted dicarboxylic acid, anhydride, or ester and (b) an amine compound or salt thereof of the formula03-28-2013
20100162982FUEL COMPOSITION AND ITS USE - A fuel composition is provided that contains a major amount of a mixture of hydrocarbons in the gasoline boiling range and a minor amount of a p-anisidine and an aniline derivative compounds. Use of such additive compound in a combustion engine is also provided.07-01-2010
20130032113METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING A COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINE ON ALCOHOL CONTAINING FUELS - Method of operating a compression ignition engine on ether containing fuel obtained by on board conversion of an alcohol containing primary fuel and a system for use in the method.02-07-2013
20120180741METHOD FOR THE IN SITU PRODUCTION OF FUEL/WATER MIXTURES IN COMBUSTION ENGINES - A process for operating an internal combustion engine or a nozzle includes producing a fuel mixture in-situ. The fuel mixture consists of a polar component A, a nonpolar fuel component B, an amphiphilic component C, and an auxiliary component D. The fuel mixture is produced in a high-pressure region of an injection system of an internal combustion engine or of a nozzle within 10 seconds of an injection operation. The fuel mixture is injected into the internal combustion engine or the nozzle. A pressure is in a range of from 100 to 4,000 bar.07-19-2012
20100006049Composition and Method to Improve the Fuel Economy of Hydrocarbon Fueled Internal Combustion Engines - A composition and method of improving the fuel economy of hydrocarbon fuel-powdered internal combustion engines. The composition contains a propoxylated and/or butoxylated reaction product of (a) at least one fatty acid, fatty acid ester, or mixture thereof and (b) a dialkanolamime. The composition is added to a hydrocarbon fuel in an amount of about 5 to about 2,000 ppm, based on the weight of the hydrocarbon fuel, to reduce friction within the engine and achieve an enhanced fuel economy.01-14-2010
20100006048WATER SCAVENGING SYSTEM - A fuel system comprising: a fuel line coupled to an engine; a fuel pump having an inlet coupled to a fuel tank and an outlet coupled to the fuel line; and a water scavenging system having an inlet for collecting water and an outlet coupled to the fuel line in parallel with the pump. The water scavenging system is powered by the hydraulic action of fuel in the fuel line using for example a venturi arrangement or a motor/pump combination.01-14-2010
20100006050Optimized Fuel Management System for Direct Injection Ethanol Enhancement of Gasoline Engines - Fuel management system for enhanced operation of a spark ignition gasoline engine. Injectors inject an anti-knock agent such as ethanol directly into a cylinder. It is preferred that the direct injection occur after the inlet valve is closed. It is also preferred that stoichiometric operation with a three way catalyst be used to minimize emissions. In addition, it is also preferred that the anti-knock agents have a heat of vaporization per unit of combustion energy that is at least three times that of gasoline.01-14-2010
20130047945METHOD OF CONDITIONING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - A method of improving the efficiency of a diesel engine provided with a source of diesel fuel includes the steps of: a) adding to the diesel fuel a reverse-micellar composition having an aqueous first disperse phase that includes a free radical initiator and a first continuous phase that includes a first hydrocarbon liquid, a first surfactant, and optionally a co-surfactant, thereby producing a modified diesel fuel; and b) operating the engine, thereby combusting the modified diesel fuel. The efficiency of a diesel engine provided with a source of diesel fuel and a source of lubricating oil can also be improved by modifying the lubricating oil by the addition of a stabilized nanoparticulate composition of cerium dioxide. The efficiency of a diesel engine can also be improved by adding to the diesel fuel a reverse-micellar composition that includes an aqueous disperse phase containing boric acid or a borate salt.02-28-2013
20130125849DIESEL ENGINE INJECTOR FOULING IMPROVEMENTS WITH A HIGHLY PARAFFINIC DISTILLATE FUEL - The invention provides the use of a highly paraffinic distillate fuel in a diesel fuel composition for reducing the formation of injector nozzle deposits when combusted in a diesel engine having a high pressure fuel injection system, wherein the distillate fuel has an aromatics content less than 0.1 wt %, a sulphur content less than 10 ppm and a paraffinic content of at least 70 wt %, such that the diesel fuel composition has a relative fouling behaviour of 70% or less and a density of more than 0.815 g.cm05-23-2013
20130068186METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING A PRESSURE IGNITION ENGINE - Method and system for operating a compression engine on ether containing fuel obtained by conversion of a primary fuel based on alcohol comprising the steps and means for: (a) continuously withdrawing the primary fuel based on alcohol from a fuel tank and pressurising the primary fuel based on alcohol in its liquid form to a final engine injection pressure; (b) continuously introducing the pressurized primary fuel based on alcohol into a fuel accumulation chamber; (c) continuously distributing the pressurized primary fuel based on alcohol into pipes connecting the accumulation chamber with fuel injectors of the engine; (d) prior to the fuel injectors continuously converting the pressurised primary fuel based on alcohol to an ether containing fuel by contact with an alcohol dehydration catalyst being arranged in each of the pipes upstream the fuel injectors; (e) continuously injecting the ether containing fuel at injection pressure into the engine; and (f) continuously withdrawing a part of the introduced primary fuel based on alcohol from the accumulation chamber; and (g) depressurising and recycling the withdrawn primary fuel based on alcohol to the fuel tank.03-21-2013
20090272352JET FUEL COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME - Provided herein are, among other things, jet fuel compositions and methods of making and using the same. In some embodiments, the fuel compositions comprise at least a fuel component readily and efficiently produced, at least in part, from a microorganism. In certain embodiments, the fuel compositions provided herein comprise a high concentration of at least a bioengineered fuel component. In further embodiments, the fuel compositions provided herein comprise amorphane.11-05-2009
20120222640METHOD FOR IMPOSING VARIABLE LOAD ON THE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE USED IN VAPOR DESTRUCTION APPLICATIONS - A method of imposing a variable load upon the internal combustion engine as it is typically used in the performance of degassing operations includes coupling a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine to a secondary internal combustion engine.09-06-2012
20110011362LOW PRESSURE HYDROGEN FUELED VEHICLE AND METHOD OF OPERATING SAME - A hydrogen fueled vehicle includes a vehicle body, a hydrocarbon fuel tank, and a low pressure hydrogen gas storage vessel.01-20-2011
20090235888Device for Injecting a Liquid Additive Into the Fuel Supply System of an Internal Combustion Engine of a Motor Vehicle - The device for injecting an additive comprises a removable flexible pouch forming a liquid additive reservoir connected to the fuel supply system of the engine via a quick-connect element to an additive feed line that supplies a dosing pump. The flexible pouch retracts whereby reducing its inside volume in order to compensate for the drop in pressure created inside as the additive is drawn out of the pouch. The flexible pouch is formed by two essentially oblong and rounded layers primarily made of thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), in particular, ester-based whose perimeters forming lips are welded to one another by a weld bead. The invention is for use in direction injection diesel engines.09-24-2009
20120234278Diesel Fuel Compositions - The use of a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel in a fuel composition that improves the responsiveness of a compression ignition engine, such as a turbocharged direct injection diesel engine, and/or a vehicle which is powered by such engine, is provided. A method of improving the responsiveness of such an engine and/or vehicle powered by such an engine by replacing in such engine a fuel composition which contains no Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel by a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel or a fuel composition which contains a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel is also provided.09-20-2012
20130160729COMPRESSION-IGNITION LOW OCTANE GASOLINE ENGINE - A compression-ignition low octane gasoline engine. The engine uses low octane gasoline and a compression-ignition method, does not require a spark plug, and compared with ordinary gasoline engines, increases thermal efficiency by approximately 40% and reduces green-house effects caused by emissions by approximately 45%. The “compression-ignition” of the low octane gasoline engine is a diffusion charge compression-ignition, differing from a homogeneous charge compression-ignition. The compression ratio in a cylinder can be 14 to 22, while an ordinary gasoline engine has a compression ratio of 7 to 11. The low octane gasoline engine has a simple structure, easy combustion control, a low noise level, and a low failure rate. As the low octane gasoline can be free of aromatic hydrocarbons, and not require the addition of antiknock agents such as MTBE and MMT, the present novel gasoline engine is a highly efficient, clean, and environmentally friendly internal combustion engine.06-27-2013
20100186702SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STORAGE AND DELIVERY OF A FUEL ADDITIVE ON-BOARD A PLUG-IN HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE - A system for storage and delivery of a fuel additive on-board a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle having a purely electric mode of operation and a hybrid mode of operation and having a fuel tank configured to store a fuel includes a reservoir configured to store the fuel additive, a pump that delivers the fuel additive to the fuel tank, a first and second conduit, a controller that actuates the pump to deliver the fuel additive from the reservoir, an electric motor, a battery, and an internal combustion engine configured to consume the fuel during the hybrid mode of operation. A method of storing and delivering the fuel additive on-board the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle includes storing the fuel additive within the reservoir and actuating the pump via the controller to deliver the fuel additive from the reservoir to the fuel tank.07-29-2010
20110271925FUEL COMPOSITION - A fuel composition having a boiling range of between 95 to 440 degrees Fahrenheit wherein the fuel composition has (a) a total sum of n-paraffins and naphthenes content of at least 7 volume percent.11-10-2011
20110315107QUATERNIZED COPOLYMER - A quaternized copolymer obtainable by: (A) copolymerization of straight-chain, branched or cyclic, ethylenically unsaturated C12-29-2011
20100258070FUEL COMPOSITIONS - A diesel fuel composition comprising a nitrogen-containing detergent and a performance enhancing additive, wherein the performance enhancing additive is the product of a Mannich reaction between: (a) an aldehyde; (b) a polyamine; and (c) an optionally substituted phenol.10-14-2010
20110271926FUEL FORMULATIONS - Gasoline fuel formulation having a laminar burning velocity S11-10-2011
20110290207SYSTEM FOR ENHANCING THE FUEL ECONOMY OF A DIESEL ENGINE - Methods and system for enhancing the fuel economy of a diesel engine is disclosed. The system is useable in a four stroke diesel engine to allow a first injection step to be performed whereby fuel is injected into the cylinders of a diesel engine to initiate combustion of the fuel within the cylinder. A second injection step then occurs, whereby an additive is injected into the cylinder, during the cycle but at a time different than the first injection step wherein the additive reaches the cylinder wall. The additive, which reaches the cylinder wall, provides friction modification and fuel economy benefits for a diesel engine.12-01-2011
20090020090FUEL COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING TETRAMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE - A fuel composition comprises at least a tetramethylcyclohexane having a quaternary carbon atom in the cyclohexane ring and optionally, a fuel component. The tetramethylcyclohexane can be used as a fuel component or as a fuel additive in the fuel composition. The fuel composition may further comprise a conventional fuel component selected from a diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosene or gasoline. Methods of making and using the fuel composition are also disclosed.01-22-2009
20090145392FUEL FORMULATIONS - A diesel fuel formulation is disclosed containing a water-in-fuel emulsion of (a) a Fischer-Tropsch derived gas oil, optionally in combination with conventional diesel, (b) a fatty acid alkyl ester in an amount of at least 1% v/v and (c) water. An emulsifier may be present.06-11-2009
20100101519Method of Friction Control - This invention relates to a method of lubricating an internal combustion engine comprising at least one of a crankcase, a gear and a wet-clutch, said method comprising supplying to said crankcase, gear, and wet-clutch a lubricating composition containing: (a) an oil of lubricating viscosity; (b) a boron containing compound; and (c) a friction modifier.04-29-2010
20080210185HYDROGEN STATION, METHOD OF CHARGING HYDROGEN, AND VEHICLE - A hydrogen station includes gas storage equipment for storing hydrogen, a dispenser for charging hydrogen gas supplied from the gas storage equipment into a hydrogen tank of a vehicle, and a blower. When charging hydrogen, the blower blows air towards a radiator of the vehicle parked at a predetermined vehicle parking area of the hydrogen station. The current flow of the blower is adjusted in accordance with the heat load on the radiator.09-04-2008
20090283064SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NATURAL GAS UTILIZING A LASER - A system and method for producing a fuel gas is provided. In particular, a combustion product of an internal combustion engine is converted by a catalytic converter heated by the beam of the laser to a subject component of a fuel gas. Other gases can be formed simultaneously in other catalytic converters heated by the laser beam. The resulting converted gases can be used to produce a fuel gas which can be stored and/or used to further fuel the internal combustion engine.11-19-2009
20090288627CATALYST DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREFOR - A system and method for delivering catalytic molecular structure to a combustion chamber is disclosed. Catalyst base materials are reduced to a micronic fog by a device using the ultrasonic vibration of a piezoelectric disc. The liquid base materials evaporate instantly upon entering the engines air stream therefore releasing pure catalyst molecules into the combustion zone, thus reducing the time taken for catalytic combustion to the lowest denominator possible and allowing for the greatest effect achievable. This further reduces the amount of catalyst needed in the base solution compared to any other type of device or additive. The system also allows a user to control the delivery rate of the catalyst to the combustion chamber.11-26-2009
20120291737LUBRICANT COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING A HETEROAROMATIC COMPOUND - An ashless additive for lubricating oil compositions, lubricating oil compositions and methods for lubricating that are effective to improve the total base number (TBN) of a lubricant composition. The additive is a reaction product of a compound of the formula:11-22-2012
20090277409COMBINED LUBRICANT AND FUEL PACKAGE FOR USE IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - The present invention relates to a combined lubricant and fuel composition package for operating a diesel engine, wherein the lubricant comprises a base oil comprising (i) a continuous series of iso-paraffins having n, n+1, n+2, n+3 and n+4 carbon atoms, and/or (ii) a continuous series of iso-paraffins having n, n+2 and n+4 carbon atoms and not containing n+1, and n+3; wherein n is between 15 and 40; and wherein the fuel composition comprises a paraffinic gas oil component having a paraffin content of greater than 80 wt % paraffins and a saturates content of greater than 98 wt %, and to its use in the reduction of nitrogen oxide in engine operation.11-12-2009
20080308056Hydrogen and Ammonia Fueled Internal Combustion Engine - Disclosed is a method of operating an internal combustion engine simultaneously with ammonia and another fuel. The other fuel may be hydrogen, ethanol, propane, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, or the like. In a preferred embodiment, the other fuel is hydrogen and the engine has zero carbon emissions. A control system is programmable to adjust the proportion of ammonia and the other, catalyst fuel as selected by the operator.12-18-2008
20100269775SIX-STROKE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, METHOD OF OPERATION OF SUCH AN ENGINE AND VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH SUCH AN ENGINE - A six-stroke internal combustion engine is provided with an injection arrangement adapted to inject into at least one of its cylinders a liquid containing a reductor agent and/or a precursor for a reductor agent. During the fifth and sixth strokes of a piston within the cylinder, this reductor agent can react with NOx molecules in order to clean the gases resulting from the combustion of a fuel mixture within the cylinder.10-28-2010
20090320781LNG FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM - An LNG supply system may include first and second LNG tanks, a connecting line connecting the first LNG tank with the second LNG tank and in which a time relay valve is disposed, a charging line one side of which is connected to a fuel supply portion and the other side of which is connected to the first LNG tank for charging fuel, a vent line, one side of which is connected to the second LNG tank and the other side of which is open, a direct line connecting the first LNG tank and the second LNG tank, and a supply line branched from one side of the connecting line to supply an engine with LNG, wherein the time relay valve is opened for a predetermined period so as to equalize the amount of LNG that is charged in the first LNG tank and the second LNG tank.12-31-2009
20110139106MODIFICATION OF FATS AND OILS FOR FUEL AND LUBRICATING APPLICATIONS - A bio-organic composition includes residues of a fatty acid glyceride-containing composition, residues of a first epoxide or glycol, and the residues of a second epoxide. The fatty acid glyceride-containing composition is characterized by the viscosity at room temperature. The first epoxide or glycol and second epoxides are present in a sufficient amount that the room temperature viscosity of the bio-organic composition is lower than the room temperature viscosity of the vegetable oil prior to formulation and/or the first epoxide or glycol and second epoxides are present in a sufficient amount that the pour point of the bio-organic composition is lower than the pour point of the fatty acid glyceride-containing composition prior to formulation.06-16-2011
20090255498DILUTING FUEL-IN-OIL TREATING APPARATUS OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - The present apparatus includes a cross-flow filtration fuel separator having a separation membrane separating by permeation, fuel from lubricating oil flowing in an oil circuit of an internal combustion engine; a vapor-liquid separator separating the fuel separated by the fuel separator, into a gas component and a liquid component; and a fuel collector (canister) collecting the gas component of the fuel separated by the vapor-liquid separator.10-15-2009
20120192823SYNERGISTIC DETERGENT AND ACTIVE METAL COMPOUND COMBINATION - Compositions that include a detergent composition and an active metal compound are described wherein the detergent composition includes a quaternary ammonium salt detergent and optionally an oxygen-containing detergent, and wherein the active metal compound is in the form of a colloidal dispersion, comprising an organic phase, particles of an iron compound in its amorphous form, and at least one amphiphilic agent. These compositions can be used in fuels to provide improved engine performance by, for example, reducing fuel injector fouling in the engine and/or by improving the regeneration of the engine's particulate exhaust trap.08-02-2012
20100147238LUBRICATING OIL COMPOSITION FOR DIESEL ENGINE - The invention provides lubricant compositions for diesel engines having a regenerative DPF, which prolong life of the DPF by inhibiting accumulation of components depositable on DPF inner walls, diesel engine systems having a regenerative DPF with prolonged life, and a method for inhibiting accumulation of components depositing on the DPF in the system. The present composition is for diesel engines having a regenerative DPF and running on diesel fuel with <10 mass ppm sulfur, contains a base oil and additives including (A) metal detergent, (B) ashless dispersant, and (C) phosphorus-based anti-wear agent, and satisfies the conditions of a sulfated ash content of 0.4-2 mass %, an atomic ratio of metal from component (A) to the total phosphorus of 0.2-3, an atomic ratio of the total boron to metal from component (A) of 0.2-2, and an atomic ratio of the total sulfur to metal from component (A) of 0-4.06-17-2010
20120103290Synergistic Combination of a Hindered Phenol and Nitrogen Containing Detergent for Biodiesel Fuel to Improve Oxidative Stability - The present invention provides a fuel composition comprising a C1-4 alkyl fatty acid ester, a nitrogen containing detergent, and a phenolic antioxidant. Additionally, the present invention provides for a method of supplying to an internal combustion engine (i) a C1-4 alkyl fatty acid ester; (ii) a fuel which is a liquid at room temperature other than (i); (iii) a nitrogen containing detergent; (iv) and a phenolic antioxidant.05-03-2012
20130213334Low Molecular Weight Fuel Additive - The invention includes a method of improving the combustion efficiency of a fuel-burning device. The method includes the steps of adding a low molecular weight polymer to the fuel of the fuel-burning device and burning the fuel with the polymer in the fuel-burning device. The invention also includes fuel compositions containing such polymers.08-22-2013
20100192890Cold fuel cooling of intercooler and aftercooler - A high-altitude aircraft powerplant including an engine, a two-stage turbocharger having an intercooler and an aftercooler, a cryogenic hydrogen fuel source, and a cooling system including a hydrogen heat exchanger. Aided by a ram-air cooler that cools a coolant to a near-ambient temperature, the heat exchanger is configured to heat the hydrogen using the coolant, and to cool the coolant to a temperature well below the ambient temperature during high-altitude flight. The intercooler and aftercooler use the sub-ambient temperature coolant, as does a separate sensor. The ram-air cooler includes a front portion and a rear portion. The cooling system includes three cooling loops which respectively incorporate only the front portion, only the rear portion, and both portions of the ram-air cooler.08-05-2010
20090078226METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR LIQUID FUEL CONDITIONING - A fuel is conditioned in a fuel supply system for more efficient combustion in a combustion chamber. The conditioning system includes a fuel vessel for fuel conditioning, at least one fuel dispersing nozzle mounted for discharge into the fuel vessel, at least one gas inlet port and at least one conditioned fuel outlet. A low level sensor registers a lower level of conditioned fuel in the fuel vessel. A high level sensor registers an upper level of conditioned fuel in the fuel vessel. A gas source feeds a gas to the fuel vessel, wherein the gas is dissolved in the liquid fuel for forming a liquid/gas fuel solution. A low-pressure fuel pump and a liquid fuel supply line supply liquid fuel from a fuel reservoir to the at least one dispersing nozzle of the fuel vessel at a pressure P03-26-2009
20090078227Surface passivation and to methods for the reduction of fuel thermal degradation deposits - In a specific embodiment of this invention, deposits and soot formation in a direct injection engine are reduced by passivating the injectors to within 0.1 mm of the injector nozzle. The fuel used with the inventive injectors comprises fuel-soluble additives.03-26-2009
20100236509HYDROGEN ENGINE USING A RECIRCULATING WORKING MEDIUM - A hydrogen engine 09-23-2010
20100139597APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CONDITIONING FUEL TO INCREASE THE GAS MILEAGE OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An apparatus for conditioning fuel includes an enclosure that maintains a void and an opposed volume of an electrolytic solution, and an electrically charged electrode structure positioned in the volume of the electrolytic solution generating electrolysis in the electrolytic solution to produce hydrogen gas that passes into the void from the electrolytic solution. A fuel supply line of an internal combustion engine is coupled in gaseous communication with the void to receive the hydrogen gas from the void and apply the hydrogen gas to fuel flowing through the fuel supply line to condition the fuel with the hydrogen gas.06-10-2010
20100242887Lubricating Oil Compositions - A composition containing an oil of lubricating viscosity in a concentrate-forming or major amount; and, as an additive component, an oil-soluble or oil dispersible mononuclear molybdenum compound having a molybdenum atom having bonded thereto one or more diazenide ligands and one or more hydrocarbyl group-carrying ligands, other than diazenide ligands, the hydrocarbyl groups conferring oil-solubility or oil-dispersibility on the molybdenum compound.09-30-2010
20100139598METHOD OF INCREASING THE COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - In a method of increasing the combustion efficiency of a gasoline/diesel internal combustion engine for vehicles, vessels, aircraft, generators, etc., an adequate amount of additive is added to and mixed with gasoline/diesel fuel. The additive includes a plurality of highly electrically and thermally conductive carbon nanocapsules of a hollow polyhedral carbon cluster material having a size from a few to several decades of nanometers. The carbon nanocapsules attach to all gasoline molecular groups or diesel molecules. When the gasoline or diesel fuel is released into a combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine and ignited to burn, the carbon nanocapsules are electrically or thermally induced and release energy for all the gasoline molecular groups or diesel molecules being attached by the carbon nanocapsules to burn synchronously and uniformly. Thus, the problems of downward inclined temperature gradient, incomplete combustion, and carbon deposition in the internal combustion engine can be avoided.06-10-2010
20100101518LUBRICANT FOR HYDROGEN-FUELED ENGINES - A lubricant composition of a synthetic oil of lubricating viscosity, 3 to 6 percent by weight of a nitrogen-containing dispersant, 1 to 2.5 weight percent of an overbased magnesium detergent, 1 to 5 weight percent of an antioxidant; and 0.25 to 1.5 weight percent of a friction modifier is useful for lubricating a hydrogen-fueled engine. The composition will typically contain less than 0.01 weight percent Ca, less than 0.01 weight percent Zn, less than 0.06 weight percent P, and will have a sulfated ash level of less than 1.2%.04-29-2010
20110126788SURFACE PASSIVATION AND THE METHODS FOR THE REDUCTION OF FUEL THERMAL DEGRADATION DEPOSITS - In a specific embodiment of this invention, deposits and soot formation in a direct injection engine are reduced by passivating the injectors to within 0.1 mm of the injector nozzle. The fuel used with the inventive injectors comprises fuel-soluble additives.06-02-2011
20110030635FUEL INJECTOR NOZZLE FOR REDUCED COKING - The present invention modifies the outlet holes of a fuel injector for injecting fuel into a cylinder of an internal combustion engine. In the present invention, the outside opening of the outlet holes are modified in a manner that increases the outside opening, making the outside opening larger than the inside opening and creating an intermediate opening, which is recessed with the needle housing.02-10-2011
20090064956Ashless Consumable Engine Oil - The present invention relates to a low sulfur, low phosphorus, low-ash, zinc free consumable lubricant composition suitable for use in an internal combustion engine, comprising: an oil of lubricating viscosity containing less than 0.01 percent by weight of sulfur; a high TBN succinimide dispersant and overall all lubricant composition that has a sulfated ash value of up to about 0.2, a phosphorus content of up to about 50 to about 800 ppm and a sulfur content of up to about 0.4 percent by weight.03-12-2009
20110120402FUEL FORMULATIONS - A diesel fuel formulation is provided containing (i) a fatty acid alkyl ester (FAAE), in particular a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME), (ii) diethyl carbonate (DEC) and (iii) an additional diesel fuel component. Also provided is a diesel fuel supplement containing a FAAE and DEC. The inclusion of DEC, in a FAAE or in a diesel fuel formulation containing a FAAE, increase the stability of one or more glycerides present in the FAAE, and/or reduce the concentration of a stability-enhancing additive in the FAAE or fuel formulation, and/or reduce the amount of glyceride precipitates in the FAAE or fuel formulation. The glycerides are in particular saturated monoglycerides.05-26-2011
20110239973FUEL MIXTURE CONTAINING COMBUSTIBLE SOLID POWDER AND ENGINE USING THE FUEL MIXTURE - The present invention refers to a fuel mixture that contains combustible solid powder and produced by mixing combustible solid powder and liquid fuel. It is in a simple way to make use of renewable biomass materials instead of fossil fuel for driving internal combustion engine to provide powder, in favor of saving fossil fuel resource. And an engine can use the fuel mixture.10-06-2011
20110239971Method for improving copper corrosion performance - Disclosed is a method for improving copper corrosion performance of a lubricating oil composition containing (a) a major amount of a base oil of lubricating viscosity; and (b) one or more dispersants containing one or more basic nitrogen atoms. The method involves adding to the lubricating oil composition an effective amount of one or more copper corrosion performance improving agents of the general formula Si—X10-06-2011
20110239970Method for improving copper corrosion performance - Disclosed is a method for improving copper corrosion performance of a lubricating oil composition containing (a) a major amount of a base oil of lubricating viscosity; and (b) one or more dispersants containing one or more basic nitrogen atoms. The method involves adding to the lubricating oil composition an effective amount of one or more copper corrosion performance improving agents containing one or more oil-soluble titanium compounds.10-06-2011
20110239972LUBRICATING OIL COMPOSITIONS - The present invention provides a lubricating oil composition capable of achieving a lubricating property, a thermal stability, an oxidation stability, an anti-discoloring property and an anti-varnishing performance with a higher level by compounding a phosphorus compound having a specific structure in a base oil, as well as a lubricating oil composition for internal combustion engines which is excellent in wear resistance, high-temperature detergency and base number retention property although it has a low phosphorus content, a low sulfur content and a low sulfated ash content.10-06-2011
20110100313REDUCTION OF WEAR IN COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINE - The invention relates to a method of operating a compression ignition engine. According to the invention, the engine is operated with a Fischer-Tropsch derived fuel containing composition to reduce wearing of the engine cylinder walls compared to operating the engine with petroleum derived fuel.05-05-2011
20110073057FUEL SYSTEM FOR MULTI-FUEL ENGINE - An engine system and corresponding control method are described. As one example, the control method includes: combusting fuel from a first fuel tank during a first engine operating condition; combusting fuel from a second fuel tank during a second engine operating condition; transferring fuel from the first fuel tank to the second fuel tank when a fuel level of the second fuel tank falls below a predetermined level; delivering air to the engine from an air compressor; and adjusting the compressor based on a combustion characteristic of fuel from the second tank.03-31-2011
20110067663METHOD OF OPERATING ETHANOL FUELLED ENGINES - A method of operating a compression ignition internal combustion engine which comprises supplying the engine with an aqueous ethanol fuel and lubricating the engine with a lubricating oil composition which mitigates problems of interaction between the oil composition and the fuel, the lubricating oil composition comprising a major amount of a base oil of lubricating viscosity and a minor amount of additives comprising one or more nitrogen-containing dispersant additives and one or more neutral or over-based, metal salt-containing detergent additives, the metal salt-containing detergent additives being present in the lubricating oil composition at a total metal salt concentration in the lubricating oil composition of greater than 0 and up to 1% by weight and the weight ratio of the total amount of nitrogen in the dispersant additives:the total amount of metal salt in the detergent additives being, at least 0.1:1. There is also provided such a lubricating oil composition having a total sulphur content of not greater than 0.44% by weight.03-24-2011
20110067662LUBRICATING OIL COMPOSITION FOR CRANKCASE APPLICATIONS - A crankcase lubricant, an additive concentrate and a method for improving water tolerance of a lubricant. The lubricant includes a) a major amount of a base oil; b) an alkali or alkaline earth metal-containing detergent; c) a phosphorus-based wear preventative; and d) a surfactant agent other than (b). The lubricant has a weight ratio of alkali or alkaline earth metal content to phosphorus content, based on a total mass of lubricant, ranging from about 1.6 to about 5.0.03-24-2011
20110067664GAS CIRCULATION ENGINE - A gas circulation engine includes a combustion chamber to which high-pressure fuel in a first high-pressure fuel supply passage, an oxidant and working gas are supplied; a circulation path that connects an intake-side portion and an exhaust-side portion of the combustion chamber to each other; a fuel bleed-off tank into which the high-pressure fuel in the first high-pressure fuel supply passage is bled off; a fuel bleed-off valve that permits or shuts off communication between the first high-pressure fuel supply passage and the fuel bleed-off tank; and a fuel bleed-off control unit that permits communication between the first high-pressure fuel supply passage and the fuel bleed-off tank by opening the fuel bleed-off valve when the engine is stopped, the communication between the first high-pressure fuel supply passage and the fuel bleed-off tank being shut off during operation of the engine.03-24-2011
20110061622FUEL COMPOSITION - A fuel composition for use in an internal combustion engine comprising at least one liquid fuel and at least one gaseous fuel, the gaseous fuel having an effective solubility in the liquid fuel at twenty degrees Celsius and one atmosphere in the range of 0.0000001 g/kg to 0.0002 g/kg, wherein dispersion of the gaseous fuel within the liquid fuel before introduction of the fuel composition to the injection system of the engine is such that molecules of the liquid and gaseous fuels are substantially equidistant one from another, liquid from liquid and gas from gas, within a variance preferably of no more than one hundred percent (±100%), more preferably of no more than fifty percent (±50%), and most preferably of no more than twenty-five percent (±25%), whereby the fuel composition is substantially homogeneous so as to promote the atomization of the liquid fuel and thus improve combustion.03-17-2011
20110030637Lubricant Additive Composition Suitable for Lubricating Two-Stroke Engines Fueled with Heavy Fuels - A lubricant suitable for lubricating a two-stroke cycle engine which is fueled with a liquid fuel having a volatility less than that of gasoline comprises an oleaginous synthetic ester, a normally liquid solvent having a kinematic viscosity of less than about 5 or 2 mm02-10-2011
20110048353Engine with Integrated Mixing Technology - The present disclosure generally relates to an engine with an integrated mixing of fluids device and associated technology for improvement of the efficiency of the engine, and more specifically to an engine equipped with a fuel mixing device for improvement of the overall properties by inline oxygenation of the liquid, a change in property of the liquid such as cooling form improved combustion, or the use of re-circulation of exhaust from the engine to further improve engine efficiency and reduce unwanted emissions.03-03-2011
20110030636Fuel Line Ionizer - The fuel conditioner ionizer, interposed in a fuel line leading to an engine or a furnace, includes a housing, an inlet sealed to the fuel supply line and an outlet sealed to the fuel line leading to the engine or furnace. A plurality of metal wire strands from the plurality of different metals is disposed in the housing. Angular and directional fuel flow is generated by a fluid mixing device mounted in the housing. The mixer is a stationary turbine with a plurality of radially extending blades, circumferentially disposed in the housing. Improvements include an annular ring holding the blades, a central hub in the ring and additional or secondary flow directing blades. A cone or frustoconical segment may be attached or be part of the forward end of the hub to direct the fuel radially outward.02-10-2011
20100258071FUEL COMPOSITION AND ITS USE - A fuel composition is provided that contains a major amount of a mixture of hydrocarbons in the gasoline boiling range and a minor amount of at least one p-alkoxy-N-alkyl aromatic amine and at least one dicyclopentadiene. Use of such additive compound in a combustion engine is also provided.10-14-2010
20110041792GASOLINE COMPOSITIONS - An unleaded gasoline composition comprising: 02-24-2011
20120266837Asphaltene Dispersant Containing Lubricating Compositions - The present invention relates to a lubricating composition, particularly marine diesel engine lubricating compositions, comprising: (a) an oil of lubricating viscosity; (b) an asphaltene dispersant comprising a cyclic headgroup that contains a nitrogen atom and at least one other heteroatom; and (c) a detergent derived from an alkyl phenol. The invention further provides methods of using such compositions in the operation of engine, particularly marine diesel engines.10-25-2012
20110132306Method for Operating an Engine with a Fuel Reformer - Methods for operating a flexible fuel engine with a fuel reformer which reforms a fuel into a gaseous fuel reformate are provided. Operating parameters of the fuel reformer and delivery of reformate to the engine are adjusted based on an alcohol content of the fuel.06-09-2011
20100307439Fuels For Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition Engines - A fuel for a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine having a 95 V % distilled temperature by boiling point measurement in the range of about 35.degree. C. to about 350.degree. C., a cetane number in the range of about 2 to about 120, and an octane number in the range of 10 to about 110. The invention also relates to a method of operating a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine of mixing a fuel with air and feeding the fuel into a combustion chamber.12-09-2010
20110259290AMMONIA BURNING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE - An ammonia burning internal combustion engine can feed ammonia and a highly combustible substance burning easier than ammonia to a combustion chamber. When the amount of ammonia fed into the combustion chamber is increased or when the ratio of the amount of the ammonia to the total amount of the ammonia and the highly combustible substance fed into the combustion chamber is increased, the operating parameters of the internal combustion engine are controlled so the air-fuel mixture fed into the combustion chamber is made easier to burn. As a result, an ammonia burning internal combustion engine designed to suppress a drop in combustibility of auxiliary fuel due to ammonia, can be provided.10-27-2011
20110120403MARINE DIESEL CYLINDER LUBRICANT - A marine diesel cylinder is lubricated using a lubricant having a total base number (TBN) of at least about 25, comprising an oil of lubricating viscosity and a metal-containing detergent component. Forty to 90 percent of the TBN derived from the metal-containing detergent component is provided by calcium detergent; 5 to 40 percent of the TBN by sodium detergent; and 5 to 45 percent by magnesium detergent. At least 50 weight percent of the total detergent substrate is sulfonate and less than 50 weight percent is monomeric or oligomeric substrate comprising one or more units of alkyl-substituted phenol having an alkyl group of 8 to 14 carbon atoms. The lubricant is useful when the marine diesel engine is fueled with a liquid fuel containing at least 2 ppm vanadium.05-26-2011
20110048354Quaternary Salts for Use as Surfactants in Dispersions - The invention provides a composition comprising a dispersion comprising (a) an inorganic metal compound, (b) a quaternary salt surfactant and (c) an organic medium, wherein the metal compounds are uniformly dispersed in the organic medium. The invention also provides fuel compositions comprising said dispersion and methods of operating internal combustion engines and open flame burners utilizing said dispersion.03-03-2011
20090241882METHOD FOR INCREASING THE VISCOSITY OF AUTOMOTIVE FUEL COMPOSITIONS - A certain viscosity index (VI) improving additive may be used to increase the viscosity of an autoamotive fuel composition, by an amount greater than that which theory would have predicted to occur to improve the acceleration performance of an internal combustion engine into which the fuel composition is introduced. The fuel composition is suitably a diesel fuel composition, and the additive suitably comprises a block copolymer which contains one or more monomer blocks selected from ethylene, propylene, butylene, butadiene, isoprene and styrene monomers. The additive is preferably used in the composition at a concentration of 0.5 % w/w or lower.10-01-2009
20100162981LUBRICANT COMPOSITION FOR COMBUSTION ENGINE CONTAINING DISPERSANT ADDITIVE AND POLYMER DISPERSANT VISCOSITY INDEX IMPROVER - A multigrade lubricating oil composition with enhanced anti-wear properties for use in an internal combustion engine comprises (a) a base oil comprising at least 90% by weight of the base oil, of one or more basestocks selected from the group consisting of base stocks derived from Fischer-Tropsch synthesised, waxy, paraffinic hydrocarbon material by processes comprising hydrocracking and/or hydroisomerisation, Group II basestocks, Group III basestocks and mixtures thereof; (b) one or more dispersant viscosity modifiers in a total amount of 0.15 to 0.8% by weight of the composition; (c) one or more dispersants in a total amount of active dispersants of 1.5 to 3% by weight of the composition; (d) one or more detergents; and (e) one or more metal dihydrocarbyl dithiophosphates.07-01-2010
20100199939REAL TIME IN-LINE WATER-IN-FUEL EMULSION APPARATUS, PROCESS AND SYSTEM - A water-in-fuel emulsion system comprises a reactor device, a fuel intake connected to said reactor device, a water intake connected to said reactor device, a pump connected to said reactor device, and a circulating emulsion reprocessing inline loop connected to said pump and feeding a load as needed in real time, wherein said reactor device comprises a non-vibrating anvil shaped to create cavitation sufficient to emulsify water-in-fuel from said water intake and said fuel intake.08-12-2010
20100132645Engine oil compositions - A lubricating oil composition comprising (a) a major amount of a base oil of lubricating viscosity and (b) a minor deposit-inhibiting effective amount of a reaction product prepared by transesterifying at least one glycerol ester and at least one non-glycerol polyol ester is provided. Methods for its use are also provided.06-03-2010
20100000483GASOLINE COMPOSITIONS - The present invention provides a method for decreasing the vapour pressure of a gasoline composition comprising admixing with a gasoline base fuel, from 0.5 to 30 vol. %, based on the overall gasoline composition, of ethyl valerate.01-07-2010
20120145106DIESEL FUEL FORMULATION - A diesel fuel formulation containing a triethoxypropane and a palm oil methyl ester (POME), and a diesel fuel supplement containing a premix of a triethoxypropane and a POME is disclosed. The triethoxypropane may be 1,2,3-triethoxypropane or 1,1,3-triethoxypropane.06-14-2012
20100236510HIGH POWER DIESEL FUEL COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING METAL CARBOXYLATE AND METHOD FOR INCREASING MAXIMUM POWER OUTPUT OF DIESEL ENGINES USING METAL CARBOXYLATE - A high power diesel fuel composition and method for increasing immediate power output of a diesel engine using same, the high power diesel fuel composition comprising: about 50% v/v or more ultra low sulfur diesel fuel; and, from about 40 to about 60 ppmw of one or more metal carboxylate comprising one or more metal selected from the group consisting of alkali metals, manganese, iron, and combinations thereof; the diesel fuel composition having a cetane value of 48 or more.09-23-2010
20100236511Method and Apparatus for improved internal combustion of fuel/oxidizer mixtures by nanostructure injection and electromagnetic pulse ignition - A system and method to inject nanostructures into the fuel/oxidizer mixture, typically lean mixtures, to increase efficiency of internal combustion and/or decrease pollution. An electromagnetic pulse (suitably 1 to 100 GHz) couples energy to the nanostructures to produce a volumetric combustion of the fuel oxidizer mixture. The fuel/oxidizer mixture is substantially transparent to the band of the electromagnetic pulse. The nanostructures couple to the electromagnetic radiation, absorb the energy and heat rapidly producing many local ignitions that in turn produce volume combustion. The nanostructures may be filled or partially filled with energetic material.09-23-2010
20100031908MEANS OF PROCESSING FUEL GRADE PETROLEUM COKE FOR USE IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES - Liquefied petroleum coke (LPC) comprises diesel engine fuel grade petroleum coke that is produced by subjecting crude oil refinery feedstock to de-salting, coking, micronization, de-ashing, and slurrification processes to reduce impurities such as metallic components and make the LPC suitable for use in internal combustion engines, such as diesel engine systems.02-11-2010
20100000484LIQUID FUEL COMPOSITIONS - The present invention provides a liquid fuel composition comprising a major portion of a base fuel suitable for use in an internal combustion engine and from 0.5 to 25 vol %, based on the liquid fuel composition, of a C1-C5 hydrocarbyl valerate ester composition.01-07-2010
20120012076METHOD OF OPERATING A HYBRID ENGINE - The invention relates to a method of operating a hybrid internal combustion engine, which method comprises: fuelling said hybrid internal combustion engine with a combustible fuel; lubricating said engine with an engine oil composition; and maintaining an oil film thickness of the engine oil composition in the big end conrod bearing shells of the engine of at least 0.4 μm; in which the temperature of the engine oil composition is maintained below 123° C. and the engine oil composition has: a high temperature, high shear viscosity of less than 2.6 cP (2.6 millipascal second) at 150° C. and at a shear rate of 1001-19-2012
20120060784COMPOSITION COMPRISING IONIZED GERMANUIM DIOXIDE, METHOD OF MAKING AND USE THEREOF - A composition comprising at least one ionized silicate mineral and water, wherein the at least one ionized silicate mineral is solvated in water, and wherein decomposition comprises an ionized germanium dioxide, its method of making, and its method of using are disclosed. While the composition is subject to a wide range of applications, it is especially suited for use in a coolant system for a combustion engine, and in particular, the coolant system for an internal combustion engine for vehicles.03-15-2012
20120152197Water Ion Splitter and Fuel Cell - This procedure allows for the splitting of the water molecule into its basic components of two hydrogen gas ions, one oxygen gas ion, and two free electrons. Polarized electrodes are placed in a water bath then subjected to pulsed voltage fields at sub resonant frequencies which results in the fission process of the water molecule. The Hydrogen gas and Oxygen gas (Hydroxy) can provide fuel to a combustion process where only clean water is exhausted. The Hydrogen and Oxygen may also be separated and feed a fuel cell that generates clean electricity. The free electrons can be extracted and provide additional electrical power.06-21-2012
20120210966FUEL ADDITIVES TO MAINTAIN OPTIMUM INJECTOR PERFORMANCE - A diesel fuel additive package, diesel fuel containing the additive and methods for operating an engine on the diesel fuel and additive. The fuel additive includes a reaction product of (a) a hydrocarbyl substituted dicarboxylic acid or anhydride, and (b) an amine compound or salt thereof of the formula08-23-2012
20120210967ANAEROBIC DEFLAGRATION INTERNAL PISTON ENGINES, ANAEROBIC FUELS AND VEHICLES COMPROSING THE SAME - The present invention depicts a reciprocating engine actuated by means of anaerobic fuel comprising a piston reversibly actuated inside a cylinder in an N-stroke operation, the piston being in communication with a crank; a feeding means adapted to introduce the anaerobic fuel to a cylinder head accommodating at least one piston and cylinder, in at least one event of each of said N-stroke; an ignition means igniting the anaerobic fuel in or adjacent to the cylinder head, whereat the piston is in at least one predetermined location in the cylinder along each of the N-strokes, so that in each stroke, a predetermined deflagration of the anaerobic fuel is actuating the crank.08-23-2012
20120132166Lubricating Oil Composition For Lubricating Automotive Engines - A lubricating oil composition of SAE viscosity grade 0W20 which comprises a base oil and additive components comprising a nitrogen-containing ashless dispersant, an alkaline earth metal-containing detergent, a phosphorus-containing wear inhibitor, an oxidation inhibitor and a viscosity index improver and which shows a viscosity index of 200-240, a HTHS viscosity of not less than 2.9 mPa·s s at 150° C. and a Noack evaporation loss of not more than 13% favorably gives a high fuel economy and high wear inhibition to a four cycle gasoline engine of motorcycles and a diesel engine mounted on motor cars equipped with an exhaust gas post-processing apparatus.05-31-2012
20100018486Cathode energy fuel-saving device - A cathode energy fuel-saving device including a strap body having at least one cathode energy mineral-containing band section containing cathode energy mineral powders. The strap body can be wound and tightened around a fuel inlet pipe or intake pipe of an internal combustion engines. The cathode energy mineral-containing band section of the strap body is able to enhance activity and combustibility of the fuel and air entering the fuel inlet pipe and intake pipe so as to promote combustion efficiency of the internal combustion engine and reduce fuel consumption. Two ends of the strap body are respectively provided with hooked section and latch member, which can be easily latched with each other to tighten the strap body around the fuel inlet pipe or intake pipe.01-28-2010
20100012066Method of increasing the combustion efficiency of an internal combustion engine - In a method of increasing the combustion efficiency of a gasoline/diesel internal combustion engine for vehicles, vessels, aircraft, generators, etc., the following steps are included: mixing gasoline/diesel oil with an additive consisting of a plurality of highly electrically/thermally conductive nano molecules; allowing the nano molecules to attach to every gasoline molecular group/diesel oil molecule; and jetting the gasoline molecular groups/diesel oil molecules into a combustion chamber of the engine; at this point, in the case of a gasoline engine, the nano molecules immediately sensing an instantaneous high voltage released from a high-tension coil to release energy synchronously and thereby ignite the gasoline molecular groups; or, in the case of a diesel engine, the nano molecules quickly and evenly conducting heat energy of highly compressed hot air in the diesel engine among the diesel oil molecules for them to reach a self-combustion temperature; enabling complete combustion of the gasoline/diesel oil molecules.01-21-2010
20100269774LUBRICATING COMPOSITION FOR USE IN DIESEL ENGINES COMPATIBLE WITH BIOFUEL - The present invention provides a lubricating composition for use in diesel engines compatible with biofuel, the lubricating composition comprising a base oil belonging to Group III and/or Group II of the API base oil categories, from 0.5 to 5% by mass of a phenolic anti-oxidant and from 0.5 to 5% by mass of an amine-based anti-oxidant, the total content of the anti-oxidants being at least 2% by mass.10-28-2010
20120312266FUEL CONDITIONING MODULES AND METHODS - Fuel conditioning modules that condition a combustible fuel prior to combustion are provided so that fuel to be conditioned is brought into contact with a fuel conditioning insert assembly which includes a zeolite catalyst material comprised of a mixture of zeolite particulates and rare earth metal or metal oxide particulates in a solid resin binder disposed in a housing flow through passageway such that the fuel flowing in the passageway between inlet and outlet ends of the housing contacts the fuel conditioning insert assembly. The catalytic metal is most preferably at least one selected from the group consisting of copper, aluminum, stainless steel, titanium, magnesium, chromium, barium, calcium, platinum, palladium, nickel, bronze and iron. The zeolite catalyst material may be dispersed in the form of solid chips throughout a mass of metallic elements form of a catalytic metal.12-13-2012
20120255512FUEL ADDITIVES FOR TREATING INTERNAL DEPOSITS OF FUEL INJECTORS - A method for cleaning internal components of a fuel injector for a diesel engine. The method includes operating a fuel injected diesel engine on a fuel composition comprising a major amount of fuel and from about 10 to about 100 ppm by weight based on the total weight of the fuel composition of (A) a compound of the formula:10-11-2012
20090020089FUEL COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING TETRAMETHYLCYCLOHEXANE - A fuel composition comprises at least a tetramethylcyclohexane and a fuel component. The tetramethylcyclohexane can be used as a fuel component or as a fuel additive in the fuel composition. The fuel composition may further comprise a conventional fuel component selected from a petroleum-based fuel component such as diesel fuel, jet fuel, kerosene or gasoline; or a coal-based fuel component. Methods of making and using the fuel composition are also disclosed.01-22-2009
20120318225Nitrogen-Free Deposit Control Fuel Additives and One Step Process for the Making Thereof - The present invention provides a nitrogen-free fuel detergent additive, fuel additive and fuel compositions containing the same, as well as a process for making such additives, where the additive may be described as a hydrocarbyl-substituted alkyloxy and/or hydroxy aromatic compound and may be produced by the reaction of (i) an alkyloxy and/or hydroxy aromatic compound and (ii) a polyolefin containing from 4 to 350 carbon atoms, in the presence of an optional solvent and/or catalyst, wherein the resulting nitrogen free additive provides acceptable engine deposit control that is comparable and/or better than the deposit control provided by nitrogen-containing fuel additives.12-20-2012
20120318226Method for Supercritical Diesel Combustion - A method for supercritical diesel combustion combines fumigation and supercritical diesel fuel combustion to effect greater fuel efficiency and reduce exhaust gas pollutants from a compression ignition engine. The invention utilizes the fumigant method by combining two gases (DME and propane) which autoignite prior to the injection of the liquid diesel fuel. This pre-combustion of the fumigant gases combined with the engine's compression of the combustion chamber gases is managed to attain a supercritical combustion chamber environment into which the liquid diesel fuel is injected. This targeted supercritical combustion chamber environment causes the diesel fuel to become a supercritical fluid prior to combustion, resulting in significantly greater efficiency and negligible exhaust gas pollutants resulting from the combustion of the diesel fuel.12-20-2012
20100326387Expanding the operating envelope of advanced combustion engines using fuel-alcohol blends - The invention provides methods that expand the operating envelope of advanced combustion engines during operation in an advanced combustion mode by supplying an engine cylinder during operation in the advanced combustion mode with fuel-alcohol blends, e.g. gasoline-alcohol blends. In methods of the invention, fuel-alcohol blends combust efficiently over a wide range of engine loads, and the need for EGR, VVT, NVO, rebreathing, or multiple fuel injection is either reduced or eliminated.12-30-2010
20120260877FUEL COMPOSITION - A fuel composition having a boiling range of between 95 to 440 degrees Fahrenheit containing (a) a saturates content below 55 vol %; (b) a RON of from about 88 to about 91; (c) an olefins content of from about 0 to about 5 vol %; (d) an aromatics content of from about 32 to about 40 vol %; (e) an ethanol content of from about 8 to about 16 vol %; (f) an octane sensitivity of from about 8 to about 11; and the fuel composition is used in an HCCI engine.10-18-2012
20120260876METHOD OF INCREASING FUEL EFFICIENCY - An additive, comprising a fatty acid and/or a derivative of a fatty acid and an amine, is used in a fuel for the purpose of increasing the efficiency of an engine combusting said fuel, in particular for the purpose of reducing the losses arising from the sliding of the pistons of an engine within their cylinders, and preferably with the result that fuel economy is improved.10-18-2012
20120266838LIQUID FUEL COMPOSITION - A liquid fuel composition containing a biofuel component, produced from a fraction of one or more cracking products produced by catalytic cracking of a biomass source. The liquid fuel composition contains in the range of 0.5 to 20 vol. % of C4-C8-olefins, which C4-C8-olefins contain in the range from equal to or more than 0.02 wt % to equal to or less than 100 wt % of bio-carbon, based on the total weight of carbon present in the C4-C8-olefins.10-25-2012
20110226210FUEL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR VARIABLE ETHANOL OCTANE ENHANCEMENT OF GASOLINE ENGINES - Fuel management system for efficient operation of a spark ignition gasoline engine. Injectors inject an anti-knock agent such as ethanol directly into a cylinder of the engine. A fuel management microprocessor system controls injection of the anti-knock agent so as to control knock and minimize that amount of the anti-knock agent that is used in a drive cycle. It is preferred that the anti-knock agent is ethanol. The use of ethanol can be further minimized by injection in a non-uniform manner within a cylinder. The ethanol injection suppresses knock so that higher compression ratio and/or engine downsizing from increased turbocharging or supercharging can be used to increase the efficiency of the engine.09-22-2011
20120080000UNLEADED FUEL COMPOSITIONS - An unleaded fuel composition comprising: a combination of alkylated benzenes comprising alkyl groups having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; 5 vol. % or more of one or more aromatic amines; and, an isoparaffin composition selected from the group consisting of alkylate, a combination of isoparaffins having a total number of carbon atoms of 11 or less, and combinations thereof.04-05-2012
20120325172Diesel oil composition - A diesel oil composition is provided which, while having a low sulfur content, has an excellent oxidative stability even under the higher temperature conditions that can be expected for the operating environments of the future. The diesel oil composition has a fluorenes content of at least 200 ppm by mass and an acenaphthylenes content of at most 2000 ppm by mass.12-27-2012
20110297115BI-FUEL ENGINE WITH INCREASED POWER - A conventional gasoline engine is retrofitted and calibrated to operate as a bi-fuel engine using Hydrogen as the second fuel. When operated with Hydrogen, which typically leads to a reduction of engine output power, the engine is preferably operated in a charged mode and in a lean mode with the engine throttle kept in a wide open position during charged and lean mode operation resulting in a more efficient engine with a reduction of engine output power loss.12-08-2011
20130008400Fuel Activation Method and Fuel Supply System - A process in which liquid fuel is saturated with a gas to provide a fuel/gas solution said fuel/gas solution fed to a combustion engine, a first portion of said fuel/gas solution that is fed to said combustion engine is combusted, a second portion of said fuel/gas solution that is fed to said combustion engine is not combusted, the temperature of said second portion of said fuel/gas solution is reduced in a heat exchanger to produce a reduced temperature second portion, evaporated gas in said reduced temperature second portion is then removed in a separator, and the fuel/gas solution thus produced is then fed back into the combustion engine.01-10-2013
20120090568LUBRICANT COMPOSITION - A lubricating oil composition used in an internal combustion engine is provided. The internal combusting engine uses a fuel that contains at least one fat and oil selected from a group consisting of natural fat and oil, hydrotreated natural fat and oil, transesterified natural fat, and oil and hydrotreated transesterified natural fat and oil. The lubricating oil composition includes: base oil of lubricating oil; a component (A) containing a boron derivative of an alkyl or alkenyl-substituted succinimide compound having a number average molecular weight of 200 to 5000; and a component (B) containing an alkaline earth metal-based detergent. The component (A) is contained by 0.01 to 0.2 mass % in terms of boron of a total amount of the composition while the component (B) is contained by 0.35 mass % or less in terms of the alkaline earth metal of the total amount of the composition.04-19-2012
20120138004Quaternary Ammonium Amide and/or Ester Salts - The invention relates to quaternary ammonium amide and/or ester salts and their use as additives, including their use in fuels, such as diesel fuel. The invention particularly relates to the use of quaternary ammonium amide and/or ester salts as detergents in diesel fuels.06-07-2012
20110146606METHOD OF REDUCING NITROGEN OXIDE EMISSIONS - A method of reducing nitrogen oxide emissions, the method comprising 06-23-2011
20110146605LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS SYSTEM FOR A NATURAL GAS VEHICLE - A liquefied natural gas system for a natural gas vehicle engine with flow driven by the engine includes dual flow paths through at least one heat exchanger. A return path extends from the dual flow paths to the storage tank, and an engine feed path extends from the dual flow paths configured to couple to the engine. A valve and control system are coupled to the dual flow paths capable of alternating flow through the dual flow paths so that one flow path supplies the engine through the engine feed path while the other flow path pressurizes the storage tank through the return path.06-23-2011
20130019832Lubricating Compositions - A lubricating composition comprising: (a) a 2 mm01-24-2013
20130174800APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING DILUTED FUGITIVE GASES AS A FUEL TO AN ENGINE - Apparatus for providing fugitive gases diluted with air as a primary or supplementary fuel for an engine. Piping conveys the diluted fugitive gases to the engine through a control valve which measure the gas flow. An air inlet to the engine contains an air filter and a vent allows the exit of the gases to atmosphere before the gases pass through the control valve. The gas flow to the engine is at a predetermined flow rate to the air inlet downstream of the air filter.07-11-2013
20120247412Method for improving fuel economy of a heavy duty diesel engine - Disclosed is a method for improving the fuel economy of a heavy duty diesel engine which produces a heavily sooted lubricating oil composition during the engine's normal operation. The method involves introducing lubricating the heavy duty diesel engine with a heavy duty diesel engine lubricating oil composition comprising (a) a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity; and (b) a minor effective amount of an ashless friction modifier comprising a reaction product of a C10-04-2012
20130098322Methods of Controlling Sulfur Trioxide Levels in Internal Combustion Engines - The present invention relates methods of operating internal combustion engines and particularly marine diesel engines that result in reduced levels of sulfur trioxide, and similar corrosive and/or harmful byproducts of combustion. The present invention allows for the use of a lower TBN engine lubricant with a fuel of given sulfur and/or the use of a higher sulfur content fuel with an engine lubricant of a given TBN content than would otherwise be possible, without risking corrosive damage to engine.04-25-2013
20080210184Fuel Additive Concentrate Dosing System - A safe, reliable system for automatically dosing diesel truck fuel tanks with a fuel additive is provided. The additive, such as a concentrated solution containing fuel borne catalyst (FBC), is fed by gravity and dosing is controlled with a signal from a switch located on the ignition switch and/or the fuel tank cap and filler spout. When the ignition switch is in the on position and/or the cap is removed, a solenoid opens a valve and permits a timed or otherwise measured amount of additive to flow into the tank while the cap is off. Replacing the cap and/or turning off the ignition switch preferably stops the flow of additive, the flow rate being set to supply a predetermined amount of additive during an average refueling interval.09-04-2008
20130146009MICROENCAPSULATED ENGINE LUBRICANT ADDITIVES - An engine lubricating system for an internal combustion engine. The system comprises a vehicle engine; a circulation system for providing a continuing flow of lubricant to the vehicle engine and engine components; and a lubricant disposed within the circulation system. The lubricant comprises a base oil and at least one microencapsulated oil additive. The microencapsulated oil additive is selectively released into the lubricant based one or more localized event. The localized event may include a predetermined temperature change, a predetermined pH change, a localized high friction contact, and combinations thereof.06-13-2013
20110220053RELATING TO FUELS - Gasoline fuel formulation containing (i) tricyclene, which is suitably biologically derived, and (ii) a gasoline base fuel. The formulation may contain one or more additional biofuel components or oxygenates: it may for example include ethanol, or ethanol together with one or more additional biofuels. The invention also provides a method for preparing the formulation, its use in a spark ignition engine, and the use of tricyclene in a gasoline fuel formulation for various purposes, including to enhance lubricity.09-15-2011
20110239969LUBRICATING OIL COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING EPOXIDE ANTIWEAR AGENTS - A lubricating oil composition comprising (a) a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity; and (b) an oil soluble epoxide compound having the following structure:10-06-2011
20110247578LOW POUR POINT LUBRICANT BASE STOCK - Disclosed is a lubricant base stock, exhibiting a combination of high flash point, low evaporation loss, high viscosity and unexpectedly exceptionally low pour point and high viscosity index value. Said lubricant base stock comprises at least one ester between 2-propylheptanoic acid and at least one 2,2-substituted 1,3-propanediol and/or at least one dimer, trimer or polymer thereof and/or at least one alkoxylated species of a said 2,2-substituted 1,3-propanediol or a said dimer, trimer or polymer thereof.10-13-2011
20120255511Natural Gas-Steam Powered Automotive Vehicle - The conventional automobile is powered solely by an internal combustion engine. Recent automobiles have been produced which are powered by natural gas. This improvement aims to add an external-combustion steam engine to the mix. The envisioned automobile can be thought of as a natural gas-steam powered hybrid automobile. By utilizing steam power, the fuel efficiency of the current state of automotive technology can be significantly augmented.10-11-2012
20100313840METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONVERTING WASTE INTO ENERGY - Disclosed herein is a system comprising a reciprocating water gas shift reactor; the water gas shift reactor being operative at speeds down to about 1 revolution per minute, while converting carbon monoxide (CO) and steam (H12-16-2010
20100313839Method for Preparing Fuel Oil and a Fuel Oil Prepared by the same - A method for treating waste cooking oil is disclosed, the method comprising subjecting the waste cooking oil to a first separation comprising a settling treatment at ambient temperatures to produce an oil fraction and a sludge fraction; and subjecting the oil fraction so recovered to a second separation comprising filtration. An apparatus for refining waste cooking oil comprises a settling system for separating the waste cooking oil into an oil fraction and a sludge fraction; a filtration system for filtering the oil fraction. The oil fraction recovered is particularly suitable for use as a fuel for an internal combustion engine and as a replacement for diesel in operating diesel engines.12-16-2010
20130180489PYROLYSIS OIL CONTAINING FUEL AND USE THEREOF, METHOD FOR PREPARING THE FUEL, INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME - The present disclosure refers to a fuel free of emulsifiers, wherein the fuel may be an emulsion of (a) at least one of a mineral oil, synthetic oil, or natural oil in (b) a pyrolysis oil with a percent weight ratio, (a):(b), of 1 to 15:99 to 85. The Sauter Mean Diameter of droplets of (a) in the emulsion may be 1 micrometer to 15 micrometers. An internal combustion engine system may comprise a reservoir for pyrolysis oil and a reservoir for at least one of a mineral oil, synthetic oil, or natural oil, and a homogenizer configured to provide an emulsion from said oils. The homogenizer may include an inlet connected with said reservoirs and an outlet. The system may also comprise an internal combustion engine which may include at least one combustion chamber, wherein the outlet of the homogenizer may be connected to the internal combustion engine.07-18-2013
20130125848Centrifugal Particle Separator and Method of Operating the Same - A centrifugal separator comprises a filtered-gas passageway, a spinner, and a drive mechanism. The filtered-gas passageway has an inlet. The spinner is configured and adapted to rotate about a spinner axis relative to the filtered-gas passageway, and has an inner cavity, a gas permeable outer wall, and a plurality of protrusions that extend radially outward from the gas permeable outer wall relative to the spinner axis. The inner cavity of the spinner is operatively connected to the inlet of the filtered-gas passageway. The drive mechanism is adapted to rotate the spinner about the spinner axis at a rate such that the protrusions prevent particulates from passing through the gas permeable outer wall and into the inner cavity of the spinner and such that gaseous matter is able to pass through the gas permeable outer wall, into the inner cavity, and thereafter into the filtered-gas passageway via the inlet.05-23-2013
20110303176HCDS-ICwf-single Single Stage Hydrogen Compression & Delivery System for Internal Combustion Engines Utilizing Working Fluid - The single stage hydrogen compression and delivery system for internal combustion engines utilizing a working fluid (HCDS-IC12-15-2011
20110303175Multi Stage Hydrogen Compression & Delivery System for Internal Combustion Engines Utilizing Working Fluid and Waste Heat Recovery (HCDS-IC_m-wf-wh) - The multi stage hydrogen compression and delivery system for internal combustion engines utilizing a working fluid and waste heat recovery (HCDS-IC12-15-2011
20130186360FUEL COMPOSITIONS - A diesel fuel composition comprising a performance enhancing additive, wherein the performance enhancing additive is the product of a Mannich reaction between: (a) an aldehyde; (b) a polyamine; and (c) an optionally substituted phenol; wherein the polyamine component (b) includes the moiety R07-25-2013
20130199481GASOLINE COMPOSITIONS AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME - Gasoline fuel and method of making and using it. The fuel comprises from 5 to 20 vol.-% paraffinic hydrocarbons originating from biological oils, fats, or derivatives or combinations thereof. Further, it comprises oxygenates, such as ethanol present in a concentration of about 5 to 15 vol.-%; or iso-butanol present in a concentration of 5 to 20 vol.-%, preferably about 10 to 17 vol.-%; or ETBE present in a concentration of 7 to 25 vol.-%, preferably about 15 to 22 vol.-%. The bioenergy content of the gasoline is at least 14 Energy equivalent percentage (E08-08-2013
20130199482MOTOR HAVING IMPROVED PROPERTIES - The present invention describes a motor designed for Fuel compatibility comprising a lubricant composition comprises at least one ester group containing polymer having a high polarity.08-08-2013

Patent applications in class Fuels, lubricants and additives