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By reflected wave

Subclass of:

073 - Measuring and testing

073570000 - VIBRATION

073584000 - By mechanical waves

073596000 - Beamed

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
073627000 By reflected wave 88
20080257050Ultrasonic sensor - An ultrasonic sensor for sending and receiving an ultrasonic wave, the ultrasonic sensor includes: an ultrasonic transducer; and a Peltier element having a thermoelectric element, a first electrode, a first substrate and a second substrate. The thermoelectric element is coupled with the first electrode. The thermoelectric element and the first electrode are disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate. The ultrasonic transducer is disposed on the first substrate. The ultrasonic transducer sends and receives the ultrasonic wave in accordance with a vibration of the ultrasonic transducer.10-23-2008
20120174672ULTRASONIC SENSOR, TACTILE SENSOR, GRASPING APPARATUS, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE - An ultrasonic sensor includes: a substrate; an ultrasonic transducer disposed on the substrate, and configured and arranged to transmit ultrasonic waves that propagate as plane waves in a direction orthogonal to a surface of the substrate; an acoustic refracting part contacting the ultrasonic transducer, and configured and arranged to refract the ultrasonic waves transmitted from the ultrasonic transducer; an elastically deformable elastic portion contacting the acoustic refracting part; and an ultrasonic reflecting member disposed within the elastic portion, and configured and arranged to reflect the ultrasonic waves. The acoustic refracting part is configured and arranged to refract, toward the ultrasonic reflecting member, the ultrasonic waves transmitted from the ultrasonic transducer.07-12-2012
20130036821WIRELESS SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE CORROSION SENSOR AND INTERROGATION SYSTEM FOR CONCRETE STRUCTURES - A SAW sensor disposed in or on a material. The sensor comprises an antenna having a sacrificial link in at least one antenna element, wherein the sacrificial link is exposed to degrading elements within or on a surface of the material, a SAW transducer responsive to an interrogation signal for generating an incident acoustic wave, a reflector responsive to the incident SAW for creating a reflected SAW, the reflected SAW received by the transducer, the transducer for creating a response signal responsive to the reflected SAW, and the response signal transmitted from the antenna, characteristics of the response signal dependent on a condition of the sacrificial link.02-14-2013
20100107768DEVICE FOR DETECTING A FLAW IN A COMPONENT - The invention relates to a device for detecting a flaw in a fibre-reinforced component, in particular delamination in a bearing region of a hole, by means of at least one probe, wherein an ultrasound field is emittable and detectable by means of the at least one probe. The ultrasound field is coupled according to the invention to the component at an angle of incidence α of greater than 0° from a normal of an upper side of a component. The oblique radiation enables a higher degree of resolution to be achieved when detecting delamination in the bearing region of holes. Further variants of the device operate using at least one linear probe received in a self-positioning holder. The rotating linear probe is composed of a plurality of individual vibrator elements which are arranged at regular intervals behind one another.05-06-2010
20100269593PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A BODY PROVIDED WITH A SLOT AS A TEST CRACK - A process for producing a reference body (10-28-2010
20130055817Operation-Position Detector and Application Thereof - An operation-position detector having a tube that allows an ultrasonic signal to propagate therethrough. The tube has a plurality of holes capable of being selectively closed or opened by an operation and is provided with an ultrasonic transmitter-receiver arranged at a first end thereof. A signal processor drives the ultrasonic transmitter-receiver and causes an ultrasonic signal to propagate through the inside of the tube, receives a reflection signal corresponding to a closed or open state of each of the holes, and detects the state of each hole on the basis of the reflection signal, thereby detecting the operation position of an operation conducted by an operator.03-07-2013
20090235750Capacitive Ultrasonic Sensors and Display Devices Using the Same - A capacitive ultrasonic device is capable of detecting an object and providing information regarding an orientation of the object. The capacitive ultrasonic device includes a power source configured to generate a voltage signal, an array of sensor elements, each of the sensor elements being configured to generate an ultrasonic wave during a first period of the voltage signal and detect whether a wave is reflected from the object during a second period of the voltage signal when the voltage signal is applied thereto, and a control unit configured to activate a first portion of the array of sensor elements through the power source, and activate a second portion of the array of sensor elements when at least one of the first portion of the sensor elements detects a wave reflected from the object.09-24-2009
20090013788INPUT APPARATUS AND INPUT METHOD - Disclosed is an input apparatus including a coplanar line formed on the surface of a substrate so as to pass through the vicinity of a position at which a user performs an operation, terminating resistor placed at one end of the coplanar line and a microcomputer module at the other end. The microcomputer module has a signal transmitter for outputting a signal to the coplanar line. When the user operates a key, the impedance of the coplanar line changes and a reflected wave is produced. A signal detector in the microcomputer module detects the reflected wave and outputs received-signal strength information, which indicates the strength of the signal included in the reflected wave, to a computing unit. Based upon the received-signal strength information and strength of the signal that has been output by the signal transmitter, the computing unit in the microcomputer module discriminates the key that has been operated and specifies the entered instruction.01-15-2009
20090049918COMPOSITION FOR ACOUSTIC DAMPING - In one embodiment of the invention, a composition for a damping wedge in an ultrasonic probe having a wedge body is disclosed, the composition comprising: a viscoelastic material having a ratio of the imaginary part to the real part of the modulus of elasticity of at least about 5% and an acoustic impedance less than that of the wedge body; a filament-shaped filler in an effective amount to provide good dispersability in the viscoelastic material and to substantially match the acoustic impedance of the damping wedge to the wedge body; and a viscosity enhancer in an effective amount to increase the viscosity of the composition to maintain a homogenous distribution of the filament-shaped filler by preventing the filament-shaped filler from settling.02-26-2009
20120227501HANDHELD PROBE FOR TUBE INSPECTION USING APR - Exemplary embodiments of a handheld probe (HHP) of an Acoustic pulse reflectometry (APR) system are disclosed. Embodiments of the HHP can comprise a loudspeaker and microphone that are vibration isolated from each other and from the tube under test. In some embodiments the microphone can be isolated from the housing of the HHP. In other embodiments the housing of the HHP can be isolated from the loudspeaker. In another embodiment the housing of the probe can be isolated from the tube under test. Yet, some embodiments combine all of this isolation options. In such embodiment the loudspeaker is isolated from the housing, the housing is isolated from the tube under test, and the microphone is isolated from the housing, and so on. Isolation can be achieved by using materials that absorb vibration, material such as but not limited to rubber, foam, silicone, etc.09-13-2012
20110277549APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING USING ULTRASONIC PHASED ARRAY - The present invention is related generally to the field of non-destructive materials testing using ultrasonic devices, more particularly, ultrasonic devices in a phased array and includes a wedge for conducting pitch-catch ultrasonic phase array testing of materials wherein the wedge includes a liquid column and is manufactured with specific angles so as to control the angle at which the ultrasonic waves pass into the wedge and then are refracted when passing from the liquid in the liquid column into the material being analyzed, thus providing a wider range of analysis via sweeping the beams from the wedge than was possible with known wedges.11-17-2011
20110271763ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING APPARATUS, ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS, AND ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING METHOD - An ultrasound probe diagnosing apparatus which diagnoses an ultrasound probe having an array of a plurality of ultrasound transducing elements on the basis of how the ultrasound probe receives reflected ultrasound waves from a test object placed to face the ultrasound probe, includes a part which detects a posture of the ultrasound probe with respect to the test object by comparing reflected ultrasound signals received by at least some of the plurality of ultrasound transducing elements, and a presenting part which presents information based on the detected posture.11-10-2011
20100170343ULTRASONIC SENSOR AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A SEPARATION OF AN OBJECT FROM AN ULTRASONIC SENSOR - The invention relates to a method for determining a separation, spacing or distance of an object from an ultrasonic sensor, in which ultrasonic pulses are emitted by a transducing or sensing element and in which ultrasonic pulses reflected by the object are detected by the same transducing element. According to the invention, the method is characterized in that there is a spectral analysis of the signal detected by the transducing element, that the multiple echo frequency attributed to multiple echoes of the ultrasonic pulses is determined in the spectrum of the detection signal and that on the basis of the multiple echo frequency the separation of the object from the ultrasonic sensor is determined. The invention also relates to an ultrasonic sensor for determining the separation of an object.07-08-2010
20090114025Thickness measuring device for vessel steel plate - The invention is objected to enable the provision of an vessel steel plate measuring device capable of measuring the thickness of vessel steel plate, even in the case of a vessel having a vessel mirror part formed by a spherical or conical curved surface such as a reactor (reaction vessel) and various kinds of obstructions at a vessel barrel. The structure of the device is characterized in that a supporting point member 05-07-2009
20080307888ULTRASONIC SENSOR - An ultrasonic sensor includes an ultrasonic detector for detecting an ultrasonic wave, an acoustic matching member joined to the ultrasonic detector, a housing in which the ultrasonic detector and the acoustic matching member are accommodated, a vibration isolator located between the acoustic matching member and an inner side wall of the housing to damp an unwanted vibration from outside, and a cushion member located between the ultrasonic detector and an inner bottom wall of the housing to absorb external force applied to the ultrasonic sensor The cushion member is not in contact with the acoustic matching member.12-18-2008
20110138920Contact-free pipe wall thickness measurement device and pipe wall thickness measurement - In order to make available a contact-free pipe wall thickness measurement device having a simple design, having at least two laser ultrasound measurement heads, it is possible to dispose at least two ultrasound measurement heads on a common pivot frame in the contact-free pipe wall thickness measurement device, which frame can pivot about a pivot axis.06-16-2011
20080250860Method and Device for Determining Defects in a Turbine Blade - The invention relates to a method and a measuring and evaluation device for determining defects in a turbine blade and to a fixing device for fixing a probe to a turbine blade surface.10-16-2008
20110265570ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING APPARATUS, ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS, AND ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING METHOD - An ultrasound probe diagnosing apparatus which diagnoses an ultrasound probe having an array of a plurality of ultrasound transducing elements on the basis of how the ultrasound probe receives reflected ultrasound waves from a test object placed to face the ultrasound probe, includes a part which detects a posture of the ultrasound probe with respect to the test object by comparing reflected ultrasound signals received by at least some of the plurality of ultrasound transducing elements, and a presenting part which presents information based on the detected posture.11-03-2011
20080229833Ultrasonic Diagnostic Apparatus - Encoded transmission and reception which reduces time side lobe are realized while suppressing increase of circuit scale. Transmission signals corresponding to a composite modulation code sequence composed from two or more modulation code sequences are outputted as transmission signals. A reception means demodulates reception signals stepwise by two or more demodulators. The demodulator can be thereby divided into two or more stages, and therefore with a circuit scale corresponding to the sum of the operation circuit numbers of two or more demodulators, time side lobe reduction effect can be obtained at a level equivalent to that obtainable with a circuit scale corresponding to the product of the operation circuit numbers of two or more demodulators.09-25-2008
20090277271Micromechanical Sensor, Sensor Array and Method - The present invention relates to a micromechanical sensor for analyzing liquid samples and an array of such sensors. The invention also concerns a method for sensing liquid samples and the use of longitudinal bulk acoustic waves for analyzing liquid phase samples micromechanically. The sensor comprises a body and a planar wave guide portion spaced from the body. At least one electro-mechanical transducer element are used for excitation of longitudinal bulk acoustic waves to the wave guide portion in response to electrical actuation and for converting acoustic waves into electrical signals. The wave guide portion is provided with a sample-receiving zone onto which the sample can be introduced. By means of the invention, the sensitivity of micromechanical liquid sensors can be improved.11-12-2009
20090107242ULTRASONIC INSPECTION APPARATUS - An ultrasonic inspection apparatus includes a container containing de-ionized water, at least one limiting member, a loading member, and a cover member. The at least one limiting member, the loading member, and the cover member are disposed in the de-ionized water and between the transmitting transducer and the receiving transducer. The limiting member is supported on the limiting member for loading the integrated circuits to be inspected. The cover member is detachably disposed on the loading member for holding the integrated circuits by a gravitational force of the cover member acting on the loading member.04-30-2009
20090241674ROTARY MACHINE - The present invention aims to obtain a rotary machine having a function to stably measure an amount of wear of a sliding surface in a sliding bearing with a high degree of accuracy. The present invention provides a rotary machine including: a shaft rotated by torque transmitted from a driving source; a bearing for supporting the shaft; an oil film portion formed between the shaft and the bearing; an ultrasound sensor to propagate an ultrasound pulse toward the sliding surface or the reference step surface provided opposite to the ultrasound sensor installation surface and to receive the ultrasound pulse reflected by the oil film portion; and a diagnostic unit to drive the ultrasound sensor to compare a prestored intensity of the ultrasound pulse in the oil film portion and an intensity of the ultrasound pulse reflected by the oil film portion.10-01-2009
20090260442Drum Inspecting Apparatus - Inspecting a loss in section such as corrosion, rust and abrasion due to physical factor generated in an inside face of a drum securely and rapidly with a simple structure and specifying a generation position thereof.10-22-2009
20090249878Ultrasonic Sensor - For an ultrasonic sensor at least one sensitivity parameter or sensitivity characteristics curve may be adjusted as a function of the air humidity and/or temperature in such a way that a predefined range or a range section may be reliably reached. Such a sensor makes it possible to reliably detect curbs, and to locate parking spaces, including curb detection under varying weather conditions.10-08-2009
20080229834Method And Apparatus For Inspecting A Workpiece With Angularly Offset Ultrasonic Signals - A method and apparatus are provided to identify unacceptable levels of porosity, microcracking or defects attributable to thermal damage. Ultrasonic signals are introduced into the workpiece, such as by means of an ultrasonic transmitter. The ultrasonic signals propagate along a predefined axis of propagation oriented at an offset angle relative to a predefined reference direction oriented normal to the workpiece. Backscattered signals are received, such as by an ultrasonic receiver, from the workpiece. A measure representative of the cumulative energy of the backscattered signals received over a predefined time interval is then determined, such as integration performed by a processing element. An anomalous response may then be detected based upon the measure representative of the cumulative energy of the backscattered signals. This anomalous response may be representative of at least a predefined amount of porosity, microcracking or thermal damage.09-25-2008
20090301204Methods For Imaging Displacement Of A Target Body - The invention is directed toward a new method for estimating and imaging the spatial and temporal mechanical behavior of materials in responses to a mechanical stimulus. This method is designed to work in inherently noisy applications, such as the imaging of the time-dependent mechanical behavior of biological tissues in vivo and using a preferred hand-held configuration of scanning.12-10-2009
20090301203Tool, Sensor, and Device for a Wall Non-Distructive Control - The invention relates to a tool for non-destructive inspection of a three-dimensional wall, the tool including a plurality of juxtaposed non-destructive inspection sensors. The sensors are mounted on a support for moving the set of sensors in common relative to the wall. The support is deformable for each of the sensors so that the sensors are movable relative to one another. Also provided are a constraint element for constraining the application face of each sensor to press individually against the wall and a sliding element for causing the application face of each sensor to slide against the wall.12-10-2009
20110239768PULSE-ECHO METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE DAMPING BLOCK GEOMETRY - The invention relates to a nondestructive ultrasonic test method in which at least one ultrasonic pulse is emitted into a workpiece under test by means of at least one ultrasonic transmitter (10-06-2011
20100024557Ultrasonic device for detecting direction to object - A ultrasonic device detecting a direction to an object includes: a transmitting element of a ultrasonic wave; first and second receiving elements; a diffraction wave phase detector; an initial phase memory for an initial phase of a diffraction wave; a sound speed detector; a phase correction amount calculator calculating a phase shift caused by a sound speed change and calculating a phase correction amount based on the phase of the diffraction wave, the initial phase and the phase shift; a phase correction element correcting a phase of the reflection wave based on the phase correction amount; and a direction detector for detecting the direction to the object based on a difference between corrected phases of the reflection wave received by the first and second receiving elements, a distance between the first and second receiving elements, and a wavelength of the transmission ultrasonic wave corresponding to a sound speed.02-04-2010
20110209548ASSESSING METAL STACK INTEGRITY IN SOPHISTICATED SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES BY MECHANICALLY STRESSING DIE CONTACTS - The metallization system of complex semiconductor devices may be evaluated in terms of mechanical integrity on the basis of a measurement system and measurement procedures in which individual contact elements, such as metal pillars or solder bumps, are mechanically stimulated, while the response of the metallization system, for instance in the form of directly measured forces, is determined in order to quantitatively evaluate mechanical status of the metallization system. In this manner, the complex material systems and the mutual interactions thereof may be efficiently assessed.09-01-2011
20100058871ULTRASONIC INSPECTION APPARATUS - An ultrasonic inspection apparatus is provided in which the size of the apparatus can be made compact by using laser light, the degradation and deformation of the inspected object is prevented, and a broad range of inspections can be carried out. An ultrasonic inspection apparatus (03-11-2010
20110048134ULTRASONIC DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS - The invention provides an ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus including a signal generating part for generating a chirp wave; a compression processing part for performing a compression process on the chirp wave and outputting a chirp compression signal; and a probe for generating a SH wave based on the chirp compression signal and propagating the SH wave in the test object.03-03-2011
20110005322Pulse Period Jitter for Artifact Detection or Reduction in Ultrasound Imaging - Depth ambiguity artifact is addressed. The pulse repetition interval is periodically varied. This jitter in the interval causes variance in the artifact while maintaining actual tissue or signal. The variation of the artifact may be visually detected or automatically detected and reduced, such as by removal. By removing the information associated with the variation of the artifact, the constant or maintained information may be presented with fewer artifacts. The variation may result in greater blurring of the artifact thereby reducing the artifact.01-13-2011
20100281983APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR POSITION DETERMINATION - An apparatus for determining a distance includes a converter element that generates n acoustic surface wave, a surface that feeds over at least part of the acoustic surface wave to a surface having a reflection point, and a processor that determines a distance between the apparatus and the reflection point from the propagation time of the acoustic surface wave. The converter element registers the acoustic surface wave reflected at the reflection point.11-11-2010
20110132092HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE NDT/NDI INSPECTION DEVICE WITH SELECTIVE NOISE AVERAGING - An apparatus for performing ultrasonic inspection of an object, during one measurement on the object, triggers a sequence of excitations of the probe system and receives a sequence of substantially identical echo signals reflected from the object, and further scales each echo signal to different degrees to increase and extend the dynamic range of the echo signals. An A/D converter is then used to digitize the scaled signal sequentially in a manner which dispenses the need for using numerous A/D converters and the associated filters. The digitized signal samples are then combined to produce a single digital output in a manner that is not over-flowed and with desirable resolution. A sequence of successive acquisitions of the scaled signal with the highest sensitivity are averaged to reduce system noise.06-09-2011
20100180685OBJECT DETECTION APPARATUS - The transmission of a detection wave and the reception of a reflected wave are periodically repeated every transmission period. One received signal is compared with another received signal at a similar corresponding comparison periods in different transmission periods of a receiving time of the reflected wave. Switching between the comparison periods is performed each time the transmission period is updated. A waveform of a received signal in a block A07-22-2010
20100147081EXTENDED OVERFLOW INDICATION FOR HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE ULTRASONIC FAULT DETECTION SYSTEMS - A method and apparatus for effecting ultrasonic flaw detection of an object processes an echo signal received from the object being tested in at least three signal channels, wherein the echo signal is scaled to different degrees along each channel to increase and extend the dynamic range of an associated A/D converter system, in a manner which dispenses with the need for using numerous analog high pass and low pass filters and a variable gain amplifier. This reduces complexity and avoids performance limitations. The digital to analog converters sample the differently scaled input signal and a selection circuit selects the output of the digital output obtained from that analog to digital converter which has the highest gain, but which has not overflowed. The digital outputs are seamlessly merged to produce an output that can be displayed as a scan display which shows the location of faults.06-17-2010
20100071471OBSTACLE DETECTION SYSTEM - An obstacle detection apparatus for detecting an obstacle in its surroundings is disclosed. The system includes: an ultrasonic sensor for transmitting and receiving ultrasonic wave; an obstacle detection section for performing an obstacle detection operation to determine whether the obstacle actually exists, wherein the obstacle detection section determines that the obstacle actually exists when a first voltage level associated with the ultrasonic wave received in the obstacle detection operation exceeds a determination threshold; a noise monitoring section configured to perform a noise monitoring operation to determine a noise level, wherein, the noise monitoring section recognizes a second voltage level associated with the ultrasonic wave received in the noise monitoring operation as the noise level; and a determination threshold setting section configured to set the determination threshold based on the second voltage level.03-25-2010
20130291641INTERNAL STRINGER INSPECTION SYSTEM FOR INTEGRATED STRUCTURES - An inspection apparatus and method for inspecting an interior surface of a hollow composite part. The inspection apparatus may have a first plug, a second plug, and a trolley positioned between the first and second plugs. The first and second plugs may form a leak-proof seal against the interior surface of the hollow composite part. The trolley may support at least one inspection probe for testing the interior surface of the composite part. A method of inspecting the composite part may include the steps of inserting the inspection apparatus into the hollow composite part, pushing or pulling the inspection apparatus with an elongated actuation element to a desired area to be inspected within the composite part, then filling a space between first and second plugs with a liquid. Finally, the method may include a step of inspecting the interior surface of the hollow composite part with the inspection probe.11-07-2013
20100206082ULTRASONIC DETECTION DEVICE, ULTRASONIC DETECTION METHOD, AND ATOMIC POWER PLANT NONDESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION METHOD - Provided are an ultrasonic inspection device, an ultrasonic inspection method, and an atomic power plant nondestructive inspection method that are capable of efficiently generating ultrasonic waves having a sufficient intensity and that are capable of carrying out preferable inspection in a wide range. Provided is an ultrasonic inspection device including a laser device that emits output-adjusted laser light and a volumetric inspection ultrasonic-wave transmitting unit having a transmitting diaphragm that generates ultrasonic waves upon being irradiated with the laser light emitted by the laser device, inspection being carried out by radiating the ultrasonic waves generated by the transmitting diaphragm of the volumetric inspection ultrasonic-wave transmitting unit on a structural member, wherein the transmitting diaphragm is formed of titanium.08-19-2010
20120167689ULTRASONIC SENSOR - An ultrasonic sensor is provided at a bumper 07-05-2012
20090126495Ultrasonic Spectroscopic Method for Chemical Mechanical Planarization - A method of characterizing the surface of a CMP pad by directing an ultrasound pulse at the surface from an ultrasound transducer that is not in contact with the surface and observing the frequency spectrum of the reflected pulse which is indicative of properties of the surface.05-21-2009
20130255385X-RAY BACKSCATTER SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DISCREPANCIES IN ITEMS - A method for detecting discrepancies in an item is provided. The method comprises: directing energy waves at the item along at least one dimension, wherein a portion of the energy waves are reflected back from the item; detecting reflected energy waves from the item along at least one dimension and recording the intensity of the detected reflected energy waves, and forming a one-dimensional image of the item from the detected reflected energy waves.10-03-2013
20110265571ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING APPARATUS, ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS, AND ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING METHOD - An ultrasound probe diagnosing apparatus which diagnoses an ultrasound probe having an array of a plurality of ultrasound transducing elements on the basis of how the ultrasound probe receives reflected ultrasound waves from a test object placed to face the ultrasound probe, includes a part which detects a posture of the ultrasound probe with respect to the test object by comparing reflected ultrasound signals received by at least some of the plurality of ultrasound transducing elements, and a presenting part which presents information based on the detected posture.11-03-2011
20130298684Method for Detecting Damage to a Hollow Shaft - A method for detecting damage to a hollow shaft having no radially encircling notches, openings, or channels by: 11-14-2013
20130298683APPARATUS FOR DETECTING INHOMOGENEITIES - An apparatus for detecting inhomogeneities in panels (11-14-2013
20100199769LASER-BASED MAINTENANCE APPARATUS - A laser maintenance apparatus including a laser system which includes an optical system for emitting, in a first irradiation condition, a generation laser beam for generating an ultrasonic wave in a portion of an object on which maintenance is to be performed, and including a laser source configured to generate and detect a detection laser beam which interacts with the ultrasonic wave generated by the laser light beam in the first condition. The laser maintenance apparatus also includes a light transmitting device for transmitting laser light emitted from the laser system, a laser irradiation device for irradiating laser light transmitted by the light transmitting device to the object portion, and a transporting/scanning mechanism for transporting the light transmitting device and the laser irradiation device to a portion near the object portion, and scanning over an arbitrary range at the object portion.08-12-2010
20100199768LASER-BASED MAINTENANCE APPARATUS - A laser maintenance apparatus including a laser system which includes an optical system for emitting, in a first irradiation condition, a generation laser beam for generating an ultrasonic wave in a portion of an object on which maintenance is to be performed, and including a laser source configured to generate and detect a detection laser beam which interacts with the ultrasonic wave generated by the laser light beam in the first condition. The laser maintenance apparatus also includes a light transmitting device for transmitting laser light emitted from the laser system, a laser irradiation device for irradiating laser light transmitted by the light transmitting device to the object portion, and a transporting/scanning mechanism for transporting the light transmitting device and the laser irradiation device to a portion near the object portion, and scanning over an arbitrary range at the object portion.08-12-2010
20130167646APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING USING ULTRASONIC PHASED ARRAY - The present invention is related generally to the field of non-destructive materials testing using ultrasonic devices, more particularly, ultrasonic devices in a phased array and includes a wedge for conducting pitch-catch ultrasonic phase array testing of materials wherein the wedge includes a liquid column and is manufactured with specific angles so as to control the angle at which the ultrasonic waves pass into the wedge and then are refracted when passing from the liquid in the liquid column into the material being analyzed, thus providing a wider range of analysis via sweeping the beams from the wedge than was possible with known wedges.07-04-2013
20130174662WIRELESS MEASUREMENT DEVICE USING SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE (SAW)-BASED MICRO SENSOR AND METHOD OF USING THE SAW-BASED MICRO SENSOR - A wireless measurement device includes a sound acoustic wave (SAW)-based micro sensor converting a wirelessly received pulse signal into an SAW and generating a plurality of pulse signals by reflecting the SAW, and wirelessly transmitting the plurality of pulse signals to measure a variance of an environmental element; and a reader generating and wirelessly transmitting a pulse signal to the SAW-based micro sensor to measure variances in environmental elements.07-11-2013
20100275692APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR MEASURING MATERIAL THICKNESS - An apparatus and system for measuring material thickness of a test object. In one embodiment, the apparatus can include a measurement probe that can have a plurality of transducer elements that can include transmitter elements and receiver elements arranged, respectively, in on a first side and a second side of a gap. The first side and the second side can form a scan area with at least one active group that can have at least one transmitter element and at least one receiver element, which can be separated from the transmitter element in a spaced relationship.11-04-2010
20080202243Methods and Device for Ultrasonic Range Sensing - A system and method for sensing proximity of an object includes a signal generator, which generates a plurality of signals. A transducer is in communication with the signal generator to receive the plurality of signals from the signal generator. The transducer is capable of transforming a plurality of signals from the signal generator into a plurality of ultrasonic waves. The plurality of ultrasonic waves includes a first ultrasonic wave and a second ultrasonic wave, wherein the first ultrasonic wave and the second ultrasonic wave are formed out of phase. The plurality of ultrasonic waves are directed toward and reflected by the object. The transducer receives the plurality of ultrasonic waves reflected by the object, which become a plurality of received ultrasonic waves. An analog to digital converter is in communication with the transducer. The received plurality of ultrasonic waves reflected by the object is communicated to the analog to digital converter by the transducer.08-28-2008
20100307251Detailfunction Based Measurement - Methods and apparatuses for finding, extracting and for providing of echoes with detail functions are described. In particular, an echo extraction method for extracting an echo from an echo function is described. The method comprises receiving the echo function and decomposing the echo function in at least one detail function. The at least one detail function comprises a plurality of first coefficients. Each of the at least one detail functions represents a different degree of detail of the echo function. The degree of detail relates to a form of a base function. Furthermore, the method comprises eliminating at least one of the plurality of first coefficients and applying a reconstruction regulation or scheme, which depends on the form of the base function, for generating a smoothed echo function. Thereafter, at least one echo is determined from the smoothed echo function.12-09-2010
20110271762ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING APPARATUS, ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS, AND ULTRASOUND PROBE DIAGNOSING METHOD - An ultrasound probe diagnosing apparatus which diagnoses an ultrasound probe having an array of a plurality of ultrasound transducing elements on the basis of how the ultrasound probe receives reflected ultrasound waves from a test object placed to face the ultrasound probe, includes a part which detects a posture of the ultrasound probe with respect to the test object by comparing reflected ultrasound signals received by at least some of the plurality of ultrasound transducing elements, and a presenting part which presents information based on the detected posture.11-10-2011
20090320600FLAW DETECTION TESTING METHOD - There is provided a flaw detection testing method applied to a slot dovetail portion of a turbine generator rotor shaft. The flaw detection testing method includes an angle determining step of determining a slot angle of the slot dovetail portion using a variable-angle ultrasonic probe, a flaw detection performing step of, on the basis of a determination result in the angle determining step, using an angle ultrasonic probe or a phased array probe to perform flaw detection to detect a flaw in the slot dovetail portion, and a flaw depth measuring step of, when the flaw is detected in the flaw detection performing step, using an angle ultrasonic probe to measure a depth of the flaw from a surface of the slot dovetail portion.12-31-2009
20130192374RETROREFLECTOR FOR ULTRASONIC INSPECTION - A system for ultrasonic inspection of a structure includes a transducer located at a first surface of the structure to transmit an ultrasonic signal from the transducer through the first surface to a second surface of the structure located substantially opposite the first surface. A plurality of retroreflector elements are located at the second surface to reflect the ultrasonic signal back toward the transducer. A method of ultrasonic inspection of a structure includes transmitting an ultrasonic signal from a transducer located at a first surface of the structure toward a second surface of the structure located substantially opposite the first surface. The ultrasonic signal is reflected back toward the transducer via a plurality of retroreflector elements disposed at the second surface.08-01-2013
20130014587ULTRASONIC FLAW DETECTOR AND ULTRASONIC FLAW DETECTING METHODAANM YAMAMOTO; SetsuAACI Yokohama-ShiAACO JPAAGP YAMAMOTO; Setsu Yokohama-Shi JPAANM Miura; TakahiroAACI Yokohama-ShiAACO JPAAGP Miura; Takahiro Yokohama-Shi JPAANM Semboshi; JunAACI Yokohama-ShiAACO JPAAGP Semboshi; Jun Yokohama-Shi JPAANM Ochiai; MakotoAACI Yokohama-ShiAACO JPAAGP Ochiai; Makoto Yokohama-Shi JPAANM Nagai; SatoshiAACI Kawasaki-ShiAACO JPAAGP Nagai; Satoshi Kawasaki-Shi JPAANM Watanabe; KazumiAACI Yokohama-ShiAACO JPAAGP Watanabe; Kazumi Yokohama-Shi JPAANM Mitsuhashi; TadahiroAACI Yokohama-ShiAACO JPAAGP Mitsuhashi; Tadahiro Yokohama-Shi JPAANM Adachi; HiroyukiAACI Machida-ShiAACO JPAAGP Adachi; Hiroyuki Machida-Shi JPAANM Yamamoto; SatoshiAACI Kawaguchi-ShiAACO JPAAGP Yamamoto; Satoshi Kawaguchi-Shi JPAANM Takabayashi; JunichiAACI Yokohama-ShiAACO JPAAGP Takabayashi; Junichi Yokohama-Shi JPAANM Otsuka; MasaruAACI Ota-KuAACO JPAAGP Otsuka; Masaru Ota-Ku JP - An ultrasonic flaw detector including an ultrasonic probe for emitting an ultrasonic wave on an object to be inspected and receiving a reflected ultrasonic wave from the object, a drive element control unit for controlling a plurality of ultrasonic elements to emit an ultrasonic wave on the ultrasonic probe and to control a reflected ultrasonic wave from the ultrasonic probe, and a calculation unit for obtaining, by using a refraction angle of the ultrasonic wave at a time of the ultrasonic wave entering the object, an incident position of the ultrasonic wave on a surface of the object, and a surface shape of a surface of the object at the incident position, the incident angle of the ultrasonic wave entering the incident position, and obtaining a plurality of ultrasonic elements to be driven, based on the incident position and the incident angle.01-17-2013
073628000 Having plural sonic type transmitters or receivers tranducers 18
20130081469MULTI-SENSING APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF - Disclosed herein are a multi-sensing apparatus and a method thereof. The multi-sensing apparatus includes a plurality of ultrasonic sensors including a wave transmission unit transmitting an ultrasonic wave signal of a corresponding transmission frequency, and a wave reception unit receiving and outputting the ultrasonic wave signal transmitted from the wave transmission unit, and an analyzed integrated circuit controlling each of the wave transmission units of the plurality of ultrasonic sensors to transmit the ultrasonic wave signal of the corresponding transmission frequency, receiving an ultrasonic reflected signal received from each of the reception wave units, and computing and outputting a distance of an object sensed by a corresponding ultrasonic sensor using a time difference between a transmission time and a reception time.04-04-2013
20120174673ULTRASONIC SENSOR - An ultrasonic sensor includes a transmitting device, a receiving device, and a circuit device. The circuit device determines that the receiving device receives an ultrasonic wave reflected from an object, when an output voltage of the receiving device is equal to or greater than a first threshold. The circuit device includes a humidity detection section configured to detect an ambient humidity of the transmitting and receiving devices and a threshold adjustment section configured to calculate, based on the detected ambient humidity, a sound pressure of the ultrasonic wave that is received by the receiving device after propagating over a round-trip distance between the ultrasonic sensor and the object. The threshold adjustment section reduces the first threshold, when the output voltage corresponding to the calculated sound pressure is less than a second threshold that is greater the first threshold.07-12-2012
20100024558METHOD OF EVALUATION USING ULTRASONIC WAVES - The intensity of first reflected ultrasonic waves reflected from an end of a first electrode tip is measured while the electrode tip is separated from a workpiece. The intensity of second reflected waves reflected from the end of the electrode tip is measured while the electrode tip contacts with the workpiece. Based on the above intensities, an intensity ratio (reflectance) and the fraction of the waves entering the workpiece are determined from the following equations.02-04-2010
20130068027METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING OF COMPONENT HOUSING WALL THICKNESS AND WEAR MONITORING - A method for monitoring wall thickness of an industrial piping component or pump/fluid machinery, including a pump casing for a pump used for pumping an abrasive fluid or slurry, comprising providing a signal containing information about a ultrasonic-based transducer pulse from a discrete ultrasonic-based transducer attached directly on an industrial piping component or pump/fluid machinery at a local point of interest and configured to inject the ultrasonic-based transducer pulse into the industrial piping component or pump/fluid machinery at the local point of interest and sense the ultrasonic-based transducer pulse reflected off a wall of the industrial piping component or pump/fluid machinery at the local point of interest; and determining with an electronic monitoring system the thickness of the wall of the industrial piping component or pump/fluid machinery at the local point of interest based at least partly on the signal received containing information about the discrete ultrasonic-based transducer pulse sensed. The discrete ultrasonic-based transducer may include a discrete ultrasonic-based piezoelectric transducer.03-21-2013
20130160552INTERNAL DEFECT INSPECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE SAME - It is intended to provide an internal defect inspection method and an apparatus for implementing the method by which an ultrasonic wave is excited in a sample without contact with the sample and accordingly without damaging the sample, and an ultrasonic wave from any internal defect of the sample is detected without being affected by the sample surface, in a non-contact state and with high sensitivity.06-27-2013
20110203375METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ULTRASONIC INSPECTION - An inspection device in the form of an acoustic transducer with a number of transducer elements that are arranged in a circumferential array around substantially the whole circumference of the device, to transmit and receive acoustic signals around substantially the whole circumference of the device, typically at substantially the same time, allowing assessment of the inspected object from different perspectives without requiring moving parts on the inspection device. In some embodiments, the transducer elements are circumferentially offset to improve the resolution, and can be axially stacked along the device. Circumferential arrangement of the transducer elements in the device allows the device to transmit and receive signals around substantially its whole circumference, and thereby allows it to inspect whole pipe planar sections in real time, and without requiring rotation of the transducers, thereby avoiding moving parts. This also permits the device to measure and compare the return time and/or distance from the device to different points on a tubular being inspected, at the same axial location along the tubular, and this allows a qualitative or optionally a quantitative measurement of eccentricity.08-25-2011
20100139404SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ULTRASONIC INSPECTION - An ultrasonic inspection apparatus may include a chamber partly filled with water from a first portion of the chamber to a water-line disposed apart from a second portion of the chamber, and at least one transducer disposed apart from the water-line. The at least one transducer may emit ultrasonic signals through a portion of a part being inspected towards the water-line. The water-line may reflect the ultrasonic signals emitted from the at least one transducer off the water-line, back through a portion of a part being inspected, and back to the at least one transducer. In such manner, one or more portions of a complex-shaped part may be inspected.06-10-2010
20090107243Ultrasonic sensor having transmission device and reception device of ultrasonic wave - An ultrasonic sensor for detecting an object includes: a substrate; a transmission device for transmitting an ultrasonic wave; a plurality of reception devices for receiving the ultrasonic wave; and a circuit for processing received ultrasonic waves, which are received by the reception devices after the ultrasonic wave transmitted from the transmission device is reflected by the object. The transmission device and the reception devices are integrated into the substrate. The dimensions of the sensor are minimized, and detection accuracy of the sensor is improved.04-30-2009
20090071255Ultrasonic sensor and self diagnostic method of the same - In an ultrasonic sensor, a first receiving device is configured to be sendable and receivable an ultrasonic wave. The ultrasonic wave sent from the first receiving device is transmitted through a vibration-reducing member disposed between the first receiving device and a second receiving device, and the second receiving device detects the ultrasonic wave. The ultrasonic sensor self diagnoses whether the second receiving device is operated without malfunction based on a detection signal of the second receiving device.03-19-2009
20100132469Nano-PWAS: Structurally Integrated Thin-Film Active Sensors for Structural Health Monitoring - In an exemplary configuration, a system for structural health monitoring is provided. The system includes a battery-less nano-PWAS device, the device comprising an array of nano-PWAS transducers and a tag antenna.06-03-2010
20090217764METHOD FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF A TESTING BODY HAVING AT LEAST ONE ACOUSTICALLY ANISOTROPIC MATERIAL AREA - A method is described for nondestructive testing of a test body having at least one acoustically anisotropic material area using ultrasound. The method of the invention includes ascertaining or providing directionally specific sound propagation properties which describe an acoustically anisotropic material area; coupling ultrasonic waves into the acoustically anisotropic material area of the test body; receiving ultrasonic waves reflected from an interior of the test body using ultrasonic transducers; and analyzing ultrasonic signals generated by the ultrasonic transducers so that an analysis is performed which is directionally-selective on a basis of directionally-specific sound propagation properties of the anisotropic material.09-03-2009
20100064811METHOD AND DEVICE FOR AN IMAGING ULTRASONIC INSPECTION OF A THREE-DIMENSIONAL WORKPIECE - A method for an imaging ultrasonic inspection of a three-dimensional workpiece, in which ultrasonic waves are coupled into the workpiece with at least one ultrasonic transducer and ultrasonic waves reflected within the workpiece are received by ultrasonic transducers and converted into ultrasonic signals forming the basis of the non-destructive imaging ultrasonic inspection.03-18-2010
20120036934METHOD USING ULTRASOUND FOR THE NON-DESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION OF A TEST BODY - The invention relates to a method for the non-destructive examination of a test body by means of ultrasound, whereby ultrasound waves are injected into the test body by means of one or more ultrasound transducers and ultrasound waves reflected inside the test body are received by a plurality of ultrasound transducers and are converted to ultrasound signals. The ultrasound signals are detected in individual measurement intervals and are stored individually and are accessible to offline evaluation after termination of the measurements. The inventive method allows to subsequently synthesize any acoustic irradiation angle and focusing in the physically possible volume range of the test body from the stored ultrasound signals by using corresponding reconstruction algorithms, thereby eliminating the need for additional ultrasound measurements.02-16-2012
20100192693ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCER ASSEMBLY - An acoustic transducer assembly comprises a bipolar transducer (08-05-2010
20100199770METHOD FOR THE NONDESTRUCTIVE RECORDING OF A ROTATIONAL MOVEMENT OF A SPECIMEN, DEVICE THEREFOR AS WELL AS PROBE UNIT - A device for the nondestructive recording of a rotational movement, e.g. of a probe, on the surface of a specimen. A translational movement on the surface of the specimen can be detected. To this end, the device has a transmitter which is set up to transmit a temporal sequence of excitation signals Si, which penetrate into the specimen at least to some extent and interact with it. Furthermore, an array is provided, which is based on a plurality of receivers which are set up to receive echo signals, which result from the interaction of the excitation signals Si, transmitted by the transmitter, with the specimen. The echo signals for an excitation signal Si which are absorbed by the receivers form a set M (Si) of measurement values. Finally, an evaluation unit is provided, which is set up to determine a rotational movement of the device on the surface from a plurality of measurement value sets M (Si) which are correlated with temporally sequential excitation signals Si.08-12-2010
20080245151Method and apparatus for in-situ inspection of rotary machine components - A method and apparatus for the inspection of rotary machine components is provided. A positioning fixture is clamped to the component to be inspected, and supports a transceiver that is used during the inspection. The positioning fixture can be navigated through and between rotary machine components to the desired location to be inspected. In one example, an ultrasonic transceiver can be used to perform the inspection. The apparatus can be used to perform in-situ inspections.10-09-2008
20080223137Method and Apparatus for Detecting Flaws in a Railhead - A method for detecting flaws in a railhead, which railhead (09-18-2008
20090320601Ultrasound Test Device with Array Test Probes - The invention relates to a method for representing ultrasound signals which are obtained with the aid of an ultrasound test device for the non-destructive testing of a test body. The ultrasound test device has at least two array test heads, each having a plurality of individual transmitters and a plurality of receivers, and a monitor having a display. The method has the following method steps: the array test heads are placed onto a coupling face of the test body, ultrasound pulses are acoustically radiated into the test body at particular angles using the first array test head, ultrasound signals are received with the aid of the first array test head, an error is found and cultivated from a first acoustic irradiation direction, further acoustic irradiation positions and directions of the two array test heads are calculated on the basis of a known wall thickness of the test body and a known angle of the first direction, the extent of the error is determined on the basis of propagation times and amplitudes of the acoustic irradiation directions.12-31-2009
073629000 Having unitary sonic type transmitter-receiver transducer 13
20110016978METHOD FOR THE NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF A TEST OBJECT BY WAY OF ULTRASOUND AND APPARATUS THEREFOR - A method for nondestructive testing of a test object by means of ultrasound, and a corresponding device, the method including 01-27-2011
20080282805Ultrasonic transducer - An ultrasonic transducer incorporated into an ultrasonic inspection apparatus for examining existence of defect in a sample dipped in water comprises a transducer main part having an oscillator which projects an ultrasonic wave to the sample, receives the reflected wave from the sample and outputs the received reflected wave as an echo signal, a transmitter substrate producing a drive pulse for emitting the ultrasonic wave to the oscillator, a receiver substrate for amplifying the echo signal, a housing for containing therein both substrates electrically connected, and connecting member for electrically connecting between a signal input/output terminal and the side of the oscillator in the transducer main part, wherein, when a maximum operational frequency of the ultrasonic wave emitted from the oscillator is referred to as fmax [MHz], the connecting member is set at a length of 100/fmax [cm] or less. Even if the sample to be examined is small, a desirable defect inspection can be achieved at an excellent examination accuracy.11-20-2008
20080271537METHOD AND SYSTEM HAVING ULTRASONIC SENSOR MOVABLE BY TRANSLATION DEVICE FOR ULTRASONIC PROFILING OF WELD SAMPLES - A system for ultrasonic profiling of a weld sample includes a carriage movable in opposite first and second directions. An ultrasonic sensor is coupled to the carriage to move over the sample as the carriage moves. An encoder determines the position of the carriage to determine the position of the sensor. A spring is connected at one end of the carriage. Upon the carriage being moved in the first direction toward the spring such that the carriage and the sensor are at a beginning position and the spring is compressed the spring decompresses to push the carriage back along the second direction to move the carriage and the sensor from the beginning position to an ending position. The encoder triggers the sensor to take the ultrasonic measurements of the sample when the sensor is at predetermined positions while the sensor moves over the sample between the beginning and positions.11-06-2008
20100242611Ultrasonic sensor - A single element of an ultrasonic transducer includes at least one combination of an equivalent series capacitor C09-30-2010
20080229835Mullticomponent Backing Block for Ultrasound Sensor Assemblies - Backing block (09-25-2008
20100037696METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING THE PRELOAD FOR SCREWS FOR DENTAL IMPLANT SYSTEMS - A method and apparatus are provided for determining the preload in a dental implant system. The preload is determined by transmitting a sonic impulse, which is preferably an ultrasonic impulse, at a predetermined frequency to the head of the implant screw through a transducer, which may be incorporated into the head of the screw, the head of a wand which generates the sonic impulse, or the transducer and pulse-generating instrumentation may be incorporated into a torque generating instrument used to tighten the screw. The preload is determined by measuring the delay between the first and second reflections through the preloaded screw to determine a preload value and comparing that value with a pre-established baseline value for the screw, and comparing the difference with a predetermined table of values to determine the preload on the screw.02-18-2010
20120279307Coupling medium supply of an Ultrasonic Test Device - An ultrasonic testing method is provided. The ultrasonic method includes non-destructively testing a test object with an ultrasound generated by an ultrasound probe, continuously circulating a liquid coupling medium outside of the test probe before and/or during non-destructively testing the test object, branching a part of the liquid coupling medium off from the circulation, and feeding the branched liquid coupling medium to a coupling chamber arranged between the ultrasound probe and the test object.11-08-2012
20130233080SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AND LOCATING A DISTURBANCE IN A MEDIUM, AND CORRESPONDING METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM - A system including a mechanism emitting successive acoustic waves in a medium, a mechanism receiving the successive acoustic waves after propagation thereof in the medium, configured to supply a reception signal based on the successive acoustic waves received, and a mechanism detecting and locating disturbance in the medium on the basis of the reception signal. The emitting mechanism is configured such that, amplitude and/or phase spectrum of each acoustic wave having, at a specific frequency at least, an amplitude, or phase, varying in the medium according to a specific spatial distribution of the amplitude, or phase, and the spatial distributions of the amplitude, or phase, of the successive acoustic waves are mutually different.09-12-2013
20080196506ULTRASONIC DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS, DATA MEASUREMENT METHOD, AND DATA MEASUREMENT PROGRAM - An ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus by which IMT examination can be efficiently performed by simple processing in a health check. The ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus includes: a signal processing unit for performing at least envelope detection processing on reception signals outputted from an ultrasonic probe to generate envelope data; an image data generating unit for generating image data representing an ultrasonic image on an object to be inspected based on the envelope data; a pre-measurement processing part for performing structural image generating processing on the envelope data; and a measurement part for performing measurement based on the envelope data processed by the pre-measurement processing part.08-21-2008
20130199297PHASED ARRAY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INSPECTING HELLICAL SUBMERGED ARCS WELD (HSAW) - A phased array system and the inspection method which is configured to inspect the weld seam of an HSAW for all standard types of flaws located both near pipe's internal and external surfaces in one scan pass, diminishing the need of making mechanical adjustment for the probes during the one pass of scan. The configuration includes the usage of at least one linear PA probe for Lamination inspection right above HAZ zone, at least one pair of PA probes for longitudinal defects inspection and holes detection and at least two pairs of PA probes for transversal defect inspections.08-08-2013
20130025372Sonar Method and Apparatus for Determining Material Interfaces in Wheel Servicing Equipment - A wheel servicing machine such as a wheel balancer includes an acoustic transducer configured to measure energy of one or more reflected acoustic waves after the waves have bounced off a material boundary surface such as a wheel assembly. In some embodiments, a return energy index signal representative of the measured energy is generated by a transducer and is further processed by a processor to control operations of the machine. The acoustic transducer also measures distance between the transducer and the wheel assembly surface in some embodiments. One or more values in a sample queue of acquired distance data may be flagged, or indexed, based on variation in the magnitude of the return energy signal. Methods of measuring wheel width using sonar measurement of both distance and reflected energy are also provided.01-31-2013
20130276540ULTRASONIC TESTING APPARATUS FOR PIPE OR TUBE END PORTION AND METHOD OF SETTING INITIAL POSITION OF PROBE HOLDER - An ultrasonic testing apparatus includes an ultrasonic probe disposed under an end portion of a pipe laid in the horizontal direction to face the pipe end portion. The probe transmits ultrasonic waves to the end portion of the pipe and receives the ultrasonic waves therefrom. A probe holder housing the probe includes a coupling medium reserver part which surrounds a space between the probe and the end portion of the pipe to contain a coupling medium W. The coupling medium reserver part includes a part body 10-24-2013
073631000 Having automatic gain control 1
20120260736METHODS, MODULES, AND SYSTEMS FOR GAIN CONTROL IN B-MODE ULTRASONIC IMAGING - A gain control method for B-mode ultrasonic imaging, a gain control module, and a B-mode ultrasonic imaging system are disclosed.10-18-2012

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