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Natural gas

Subclass of:

062 - Refrigeration


062606000 - Liquefaction

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

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Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
062613000 Compression, expansion, and condensation 57
062612000 Multicomponent cascade refrigeration 26
062614000 Heat exchange with liquid cryogen 20
20130042645METHOD FOR TURNDOWN OF A LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) PLANT - A method for turndown of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant, the plant including a liquefaction unit arranged in a flow path of the plant, includes removing LNG from a first location in the flow path downstream of the liquefaction unit; vaporizing the removed LNG, or heating the removed LNG so that the removed LNG is transformed to gas phase; and re-admitting the vaporized or transformed LNG to the flow path at a second location upstream of the liquefaction unit. A corresponding LNG plant is also provided.02-21-2013
20100083696METHOD FOR PURIFYING A GAS MIXTURE CONTAINING ACID GASES - A method for treating a gas mixture containing acid gases is provided, comprising: contacting the gas mixture with an absorbing solution, by means of which a de-acidified gas mixture and an absorbing solution loaded with acid gases may be obtained; and regenerating the absorbing solution loaded with acid gases; 04-08-2010
20080264099DOMESTIC GAS PRODUCT FROM AN LNG FACILITY - An LNG facility capable of producing a domestic gas product from an intermediate stream in the LNG facility. Withdrawing the domestic gas product from a location within the LNG facility can minimize operational disturbances typically caused by extracting a domestic gas product stream upstream of the liquefaction portion of the LNG facility. In addition, withdrawing the domestic gas product from this location can provide increased control of light contaminants (e.g., nitrogen) in open-loop refrigeration cycles and can ultimately result in incremental LNG and/or NGL production.10-30-2008
20130036763METHOD FOR START-UP OF A LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) PLANT - A method for start-up of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant, the plant including a liquefaction unit arranged in a flow path of the plant, including removing LNG from a first location in the flow path downstream of the liquefaction unit; vaporizing the removed LNG, or heating the removed LNG so that the removed LNG is transformed to gas phase; and re-admitting the vaporized or transformed LNG to the flow path at a second location upstream of the liquefaction unit. A corresponding LNG plant is also provided.02-14-2013
20100000252COMPREHENSIVE SYSTEM FOR THE STORAGE AND TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL GAS IN A LIGHT HYDROCARBON LIQUID MEDIUM - This invention provides a means of loading, processing and conditioning raw production gas, production of CGL, storage, transport, and delivery of pipeline quality natural gas or fractionated products to market. The CGL transport vessel utilizes a pipe based containment system to hold more densely packed constituents of natural gas held within a light hydrocarbon solvent than it is possible to attain for natural gas alone under such conditions. The containment system is supported by process systems for loading and transporting the natural gas as a liquid and unloading the CGL from the containment system and then offloading it in the gaseous state. The system can also be utilized for the selective storage and transport of NGLs to provide a total service package for the movement of natural gas and associated gas production. The mode of storage is suited for both marine and land transportation and configured in modular form to suit a particular application and/or scale of operation.01-07-2010
20130086939DISTRIBUTED LNG DEVICE - Provided among other things is a distributed LNG device comprising: an insulated collection cavity with an outlet, the collection cavity adapted to collect liquids that condense therein at the outlet; one or more fuel inlet valves adapted for injecting a methane source gas into the collection cavity; one or more exhaust valves adapted for exhausting gas from the collection cavity; and a cryocooler with a cold-head condenser, a cold-head of the condenser adapted to insert into the collection cavity to provide sufficient heat absorption to bring the cavity as filled with methane gas to a temperature effective to condense the methane, wherein the cold-head condenser operates (i) as a reverse Stirling engine and/or (ii) by acoustic energy.04-11-2013
20090095017FLOATING HYDROCARBON TREATING PLANT - A floating hydrocarbon treating plant containing a vessel having a hull and a deck and having tanks located below the deck for storing hydrocarbons, and a plant for treating hydrocarbons located at the deck of the vessel is provided. The plant for treating hydrocarbons includes spaced-apart modules, wherein each module has related plant equipment mounted on a module floor, and the modules rest on closed support girders that extend under the module in a direction perpendicular to the edge of the deck, and wherein the module floor is secured to one of the closed support girders.04-16-2009
20130061632Integrated NGL Recovery In the Production Of Liquefied Natural Gas - Process for the liquefaction of natural gas and the recovery of components heavier than methane where natural gas is cooled and separated in a first distillation column into an overhead vapor enriched in methane and a bottoms stream enriched in components heavier than methane, where the first distillation column utilizes a liquefied methane-containing reflux stream. This reflux stream may be provided by a condensed portion of the overhead vapor or a portion of totally condensed overhead vapor that is subsequently warmed. The bottoms stream may be separated in one or more additional distillation columns to provide one or more product streams, any of which are partially or totally withdrawn as recovered hydrocarbons. A stream of unrecovered liquid hydrocarbons may be combined with either the condensed portion of the overhead vapor or a portion of totally condensed overhead vapor that is subsequently warmed.03-14-2013
20130160487LIQUEFYING NATURAL GAS IN A MOTION ENVIRONMENT - Systems and methods for liquefying natural gas in a motion environment, utilizing a core-in-shell type heat exchanger are provided.06-27-2013
20110277497METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING HYDROCARBON LIQUEFIED GAS - A method and apparatus for processing natural gas composed of various hydrocarbon components for transportation of the natural gas to a demand side without separation of the hydrocarbon components, such that the natural gas can be used by consumers after being separated into the hydrocarbon components according to the needs of the demand side. The apparatus includes a storage tank and a hydrocarbon liquefied gas mixture accommodated in the storage tank. The mixture has hydrocarbon components composed of methane, ethane, propane and butane, and is produced by liquefying raw natural gas without changing the relative ratio of methane, ethane, propane and butane in the raw natural gas immediately after extraction from the gas well. The method and apparatus can be applied to floating marine structures.11-17-2011
20110277496Method of purifying hydrocarbons and regeneration of adsorbents used therein - An improved method is provided for removing contaminants from a hydrocarbon stream, such as a stream of raw natural gas. The contaminated hydrocarbon stream is passed through a first adsorbent bed containing molecular sieves to adsorb contaminants on the molecular sieves, thereby removing at least some of the contaminants from the hydrocarbon stream. The contaminated hydrocarbon stream may optionally be passed through a second adsorbent bed containing a desiccant material other than molecular sieves. The molecular sieves are regenerated using a wet regeneration process in which both the water content and temperature of the regeneration fluid stream are staged. The molecular sieves and the desiccant material can also be regenerated by contacting the desiccant material with a regeneration fluid stream comprising water to adsorb at least a portion of the water onto the desiccant material, thereby forming a regeneration fluid stream that is at least partially dried and in contact with a desiccant material that is at least partially hydrated. The hydrated desiccant material is heated to release adsorbed water into the partially dried regeneration fluid stream while such regeneration fluid stream is passed through the molecular sieves to desorb and remove at least a portion of the contaminants adsorbed on the molecular sieves. A method for producing liquefied natural gas employing such improved method is also disclosed.11-17-2011
20100212354METHOD OF DISPOSING OF CARBON DIOXIDE - A process and also an arrangement for disposing of one of more carbon dioxide-containing fractions which occur at one or more sites of a fractionation and/or liquefaction process such as, for example, a natural gas liquefaction process. The carbon dioxide-containing fraction(s) is or are subjected to a purification (B) and/or liquefaction (C) and subsequently sequestered (D). Preferably, use is made of at least one substream (08-26-2010
20110265511NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION METHOD WITH ENHANCED PROPANE RECOVERY - The liquefaction method provides fractionation of the natural gas with ethane recycle in order to enhance propane recovery and to increase the critical pressure of the gas to be liquefied.11-03-2011
20080289360Refrigerant Circuit - The present invention relates to a refrigerant circuit (11-27-2008
20110138851PROCESS FOR PRODUCING PURIFIED NATURAL GAS FROM NATURAL GAS COMPRISING WATER AND CARBON DIOXIDE - The invention provides a process for producing purified natural gas from feed natural gas comprising water and carbon dioxide, the process comprising the steps of: (a) removing water from the feed natural gas to obtain natural gas depleted in water and comprising carbon dioxide; (b) contacting the natural gas obtained in step (a) with solid sorbent comprising a metal organic framework to remove at least part of the carbon dioxide, thereby obtaining the purified natural gas.06-16-2011
20090019887METHOD OF CONDITIONING NATURAL GAS IN PREPARATION FOR STORAGE - A method of conditioning natural gas in preparation for storage, involves taking an existing stream of continuously flowing natural gas flowing through a gas line (01-22-2009
20090205365METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LIQUEFYING A NATURAL GAS STREAM - The present invention provides a method of natural gas, the method at least comprising the steps of: (a) providing a natural gas stream (08-20-2009
20090249828LNG SYSTEM WITH ENHANCED PRE-COOLING CYCLE - A natural gas liquefaction system employing a high pressure pre-cooling refrigeration cycle. The natural gas liquefaction system can be advantageously employed in cold weather regions and/or in regions that exhibit large variations in ambient temperature.10-08-2009
20100162753METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TREATING A HYDROCARBON STREAM - The present invention relates to a method of treating a hydrocarbon stream, the method at least comprising the steps of: supplying a partly condensed feed stream (07-01-2010
20120240617SOUR GAS TREATMENT PROCESS - The disclosure relates to a process for treating a gas mixture containing carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide, including the following steps: deacidificating the gas mixture by bringing the gas mixture into contact with a first lean absorbent solution stream, delivering a deacidified gas mixture, and a first rich absorbent solution stream; regenerating the first rich absorbent solution stream, delivering the first lean absorbent solution stream and a sour gas stream; distillating the sour gas stream, delivering a first carbon-dioxide-rich stream and a hydrogen-sulphide-rich stream; purifying the first carbon-dioxide-rich stream by bringing the first carbon-dioxide-rich stream into contact with a second lean absorbent solution stream, delivering a second carbon-dioxide-rich stream and a second rich absorbent solution stream, the molar concentration of carbon dioxide in the second carbon-dioxide-rich stream being greater than the molar concentration of carbon dioxide in the first carbon-dioxide-rich stream. The disclosure also relates to an installation designed to implement this process.09-27-2012
20100186446APPARATUS FOR THE LIQUEFACTION OF A GAS AND METHODS RELATING TO SAME - Apparatuses and methods are provided for producing liquefied gas, such as liquefied natural gas. In one embodiment, a liquefaction plant may be coupled to a source of unpurified natural gas, such as a natural gas pipeline at a pressure letdown station. A portion of the gas is drawn off and split into a process stream and a cooling stream. The cooling stream may sequentially pass through a compressor and an expander. The process stream may also pass through a compressor. The compressed process stream is cooled, such as by the expanded cooling stream. The cooled, compressed process stream is expanded to liquefy the natural gas. A gas-liquid separator separates the vapor from the liquid natural gas. A portion of the liquid gas may be used for additional cooling. Gas produced within the system may be recompressed for reintroduction into a receiving line.07-29-2010
20100257895METHOD FOR THE UNINTERRUPTED OPERATION OF A GAS LIQUEFACTION SYSTEM - A method for the uninterrupted operation of a gas liquefaction system is provided, wherein the operation is continuously monitored for at least those users of the refrigerant compressor component which represent a two-digit percentage of the total load on the refrigerant compressor component. A total instantaneously available negative load reserve is calculated, and at least one predetermined turbine is switched off when the load reserve reachable via a frequency regulation of the one or more refrigerant compressors is lower than the energy demand of the largest of the refrigerant compressors and either a refrigerant compressor fails or a speed of frequency change for the power supply network for the gas liquefaction system exceeds a present threshold.10-14-2010
20100236284Preserving liquids in cryogenic processes - A trap system for cryogenic environments, which brings a gas to a body of the same material in liquid form, allows the liquefied material in the gas bearing tube to pass through a submerged trap combining the newly condensed liquid with that in the reserve. With this apparatus, for example, pure cold Nitrogen gas can be condensed and recycled in a system requiring cryogenic liquid Nitrogen to start the process. This trap system can also be applied to other gaseous materials stored cooled beyond the condensing temperatures. The trap system brings the newly condensed material into the vessel of already condensed material. The gas that has not condensed into liquid, in the case of Liquid Nitrogen, will release into the atmosphere. It is expected that all the gas of the other material will liquefy and be part of the stored liquid because it is stored below its liquefaction temperature—here using Liquid Nitrogen chambers surrounding the vessel of the liquefied material. Also included are means to maintain a clean reservoir of cryogenic liquids providing means to remove debris on the surface, floating within the liquid and at the bottom of the reservoir. And yet more, keeping the liquid form of material is protected from the gas state material to prevent more rapid evaporation.09-23-2010
20100000251METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LIQUEFYING A HYDROCARBON STREAM - The present invention provides a method of liquefying a hydrocarbon stream such as natural gas, the method at least comprising the steps of: (a) providing a hydrocarbon stream (01-07-2010
20130139544LNG Boiloff Gas Recondensation Configurations And Methods - Systems and methods for optimizing the recondensation of boiloff gas in liquid natural gas storage tanks are presented. In especially preferred aspects of the inventive subject matter, BOG from a storage tank is condensed using refrigeration content of a portion of LNG sendout in a direct or indirect manner, and the BOG condensate and LNG sendout portion are combined to form a subcooled stream that is then combined with the balance of the LNG sendout, to be fed to a high pressure pump. Contemplated recondensation operations advantageously occur without using otherwise needed large volume recondensers. Moreover, the condensing and subcooling operations are decoupled from the LNG sendout rate.06-06-2013
20100223950NITROGEN REMOVAL WITH ISO-PRESSURE OPEN REFRIGERATION NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS RECOVERY - A process for recovery of natural gas liquids is disclosed, the process including: fractionating a gas stream comprising nitrogen, methane, ethane, and propane and other C09-09-2010
20120067079NITROGEN REJECTION AND LIQUIFIER SYSTEM FOR LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION - A method for recovering liquefied natural gas from a gas mixture containing natural gas and impurities by subjecting the natural gas to a series of steps beginning with feeding a natural gas stream containing impurities to a nitrogen rejection unit; feeding the purified natural gas stream to a liquefier heat exchanger; expanding the liquefied natural gas and feeding the expanded liquefied natural gas to a flash vessel; flashing the liquid natural gas and separating the liquefied natural gas from the flash gas; and feeding the liquefied natural gas to storage and the flash gas to the nitrogen rejection unit.03-22-2012
20100132405Method and system for producing LNG - A method is described for production of LNG from an incoming feed gas (06-03-2010
20110239699TURBOCOMPRESSOR TRAIN AND METHOD FOR OPERATION THEREOF AND NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION PLANT HAVING THE TURBOCOMPRESSOR TRAIN - A turbo compressor train is provided. The turbo compressor train includes a turbo compressor unit and a drive assembly for driving the turbo compressor unit. The drive unit has a gas turbine and a generator and a steam turbine. The steam turbine may be coupled together with the generator to the turbo compressor unit and the gas turbine by means of a coupling device. The coupling device has an overrun coupling and a coupling exciter with which the overrun coupling may be taken from a disengaged condition to an active condition by engaging of the overrun coupling at synchronous speed of the gas turbine and the steam turbine and if the overrun coupling is engaged, disengages upon a speed increase to the steam turbine and generator so that the generator may be driven by the steam turbine at a higher speed than the turbocompressor unit by the gas turbine.10-06-2011
20110174016APPARATUS & PROCESS FOR TREATING OFFSHORE NATURAL GAS - A process for treating offshore natural gas includes processing the natural gas on an off-shore processing facility by, (i) liquefying and fractionating the natural gas to generate a liquefied natural gas stream and a higher hydrocarbon stream, (ii) vapourising at least a portion of the higher hydrocarbon stream, (iii) passing the vapourised higher hydrocarbon stream and steam over a steam reforming catalyst to generate a reformed gas mixture comprising methane, steam, carbon oxides and hydrogen, (iv) passing the reformed gas mixture over a methanation catalyst to generate a methane rich gas, and (v) combining the methane-rich gas with the natural gas prior to the liquefaction step.07-21-2011
20130160486POWER AND REGASIFICATION SYSTEM FOR LNG - The present invention provides a power and regasification system based on liquefied natural gas (LNG), comprising a vaporizer by which liquid motive fluid is vaporized, said liquid motive fluid being LNG or a motive fluid liquefied by means of LNG; a turbine for expanding the vaporized motive fluid and producing power; heat exchanger means to which expanded motive fluid vapor is supplied, said heat exchanger means also being supplied with LNG for receiving heat from said expanded fluid vapor, whereby the temperature of the LNG increases as it flows through the heat exchanger means; a conduit through which said motive fluid is supplied from at least the outlet of said heat exchanger to the inlet of said; and a line for transmitting regasified LNG.06-27-2013
20120240618APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COOLING AND LIQUEFYING A FLUID - A fluid is cooled and liquefied in an apparatus with a heat exchanger (09-27-2012
20110259044METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS - Systems and methods for producing liquid natural gas from heat exchange with liquid nitrogen or air is provided. The produced liquid natural gas may be used as vehicle fuel. After heat exchange, the vaporized liquid nitrogen or air may be routed in the system to regenerate a heat exchange unit and/or a natural gas pretreatment unit. After assisting with the regeneration, the vaporized nitrogen or air may be safely vented to atmosphere. In one embodiment, a system for liquefying natural gas using a refrigerant includes a first treating unit configured to remove a contaminant from the natural gas; a first exchanger unit for liquefying the natural gas using the refrigerant; a second exchanger unit configured to receive the refrigerant from the first exchanger unit, wherein the first exchanger unit and the second exchanger unit operate on alternating cycles; a second treating unit configured to receive the refrigerant from the second exchanger unit; and a storage unit for the receiving the liquid natural gas.10-27-2011
20100058801SYSTEM FOR ENHANCED GAS TURBINE PERFORMANCE IN A LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITY - A system for liquefying natural gas that includes a process and apparatus for enhancing the performance of one or more gas turbines. Gas turbine power output can be stabilized or even enhanced using the interstage cooling system configured according to one or more embodiments of the present invention. In one embodiment, partially compressed air from a lower compression stage of a gas turbine is cooled via indirect heat exchange with a primary coolant before being returned to a higher compression stage of the same gas turbine. Optionally, the interstage cooling system can employ one or more secondary coolants to remove the rejected heat from the primary coolant system.03-11-2010
20090031754METHOD AND APPARATUS TO IMPROVE OVERALL EFFICIENCY OF LNG LIQUEFACTION SYSTEMS - For a LNG (liquid natural gas) liquefaction system or plant that includes a gas turbine fueled by vaporized LNG and which receives compressed air, via an air compressor, as an input, a means and method to use relatively colder LNG vapor, in a heat exchanger disposed before the inlet to the turbine's air compressor, to remove heat from the air being inputted to the air compressor to improve overall efficiency of the systems or plants.02-05-2009
20120042690LNG FACILITY WITH INTEGRATED NGL RECOVERY FOR ENHANCED LIQUID RECOVERY AND PRODUCT FLEXIBILITY - Process for efficiently operating a natural gas liquefaction system with integrated heavies removal/natural gas liquids recovery to produce liquefied natural gas (LNG) and/or natural gas liquids (NGL) products with varying characteristics, such as, for example higher heating value (HHV) and/or propane content. Resulting LNG and/or NGL products are capable of meeting the significantly different specifications of two or more markets.02-23-2012
20120060552METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING A GASEOUS HYDROCARBON STREAM - A gaseous hydrocarbon stream (03-15-2012
20120042689PROCESS FOR PURIFYING NATURAL GAS AND REGENERATING ONE OR MORE ADSORBERS - One exemplary embodiment can be a process for purifying a natural gas by using first and second adsorbers. The process may include passing a feed including the natural gas through the first adsorber to obtain a purified natural gas product, regenerating the second adsorber in a heating stage, and regenerating the second adsorber in a cooling stage. The heating stage may include separating a portion of the feed comprised in a regeneration gas, passing the regeneration gas to a dryer for removing water, heating the regeneration gas with a heater after exiting the dryer, and passing the regeneration gas to the second adsorber to regenerate the second adsorber. The cooling stage may include expelling at initiation of cooling at least a part of a fluid present in the second adsorber to the dryer to desorb water from a molecular sieve in the dryer, and cooling the second adsorber by circulating the regeneration gas bypassing the heater.02-23-2012
20120006053VORTEX-INDUCED VIBRATION (VIV) SUPPRESSION OF RISER ARRAYS - A system comprising an array of structures in a flowing fluid environment, the array comprising at least 3 structures; and vortex induced vibration suppression devices on at least 2 of the structures.01-12-2012
20110094261NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION CORE MODULES, PLANTS INCLUDING SAME AND RELATED METHODS - A method of natural gas liquefaction may include liquefying natural gas from a first natural gas source with a first core module, and liquefying natural gas from at least a second natural gas source having a gas property different than a gas property of the first natural gas source with at least a second core module substantially identical to the first core module. Additionally, a method of designing a natural gas liquefaction plant may include utilizing a preconfigured core module design for a core module configured to receive source gas at site-independent predetermined input conditions, expel tail gas at site-independent predetermined outlet conditions, and liquefy natural gas. Furthermore, a method of distributing liquid natural gas may include providing a plurality of natural gas liquefaction plants comprising substantially identical core modules to a plurality of gaseous natural gas source locations. Finally, a modular natural gas liquefaction plant may include a preconfigured core module, and site-specific inlet and outlet modules.04-28-2011
20080307826Apparatus and method for optimizing a natural gas liquefaction train having a nitrogen cooling loop - A natural gas liquefaction train includes a nitrogen cooling loop. A controller is provided for controlling one or more controlled variables by adjusting one or more manipulated variables. The one or more manipulated variables may include a nitrogen flow associated with the nitrogen cooling loop in the natural gas liquefaction train. The controller could adjust the nitrogen flow by adjusting operation of a compressor associated with the nitrogen cooling loop. The one or more controlled variables may include a rundown temperature of liquefied natural gas exiting the nitrogen loop and/or a calorific or heating value of the liquefied natural gas exiting the nitrogen loop. A second controller could control other aspects of the natural gas liquefaction train, such as by controlling a mass flow rate of a feed gas in the natural gas liquefaction train.12-18-2008
20120118007PROCESS OF HEAT INTEGRATING FEED AND COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE STREAMS WITH HEAVIES REMOVAL SYSTEM IN A LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS FACILITY - An LNG facility employing an optimized heavies removal system. The heavies removal system can comprise at least one distillation column and at least two separate heat exchangers. Feed and/or compressor discharge streams can be used to provide heat duty to the heat exchangers in a thermally efficient manner to facilitate the removal of heavy components from an overall LNG facility.05-17-2012
20120167617METHOD FOR TREATING A MULTI-PHASE HYDROCARBON STREAM AND AN APPARATUS THEREFOR - A multi-phase hydrocarbon stream (07-05-2012
20090126400Natural Gas Supply Method and Apparatus - A primary stream of boiled-off natural gas taken from the ullage space (05-21-2009
20100326132PROCESS AND APPRATUS FOR PRODUCING GAS HYDRATE - A process is provided which includes: bringing a natural gas, e.g., methane gas or propane gas, or a mixture of these gases into gas-liquid contact with raw-material water to form a gas hydrate; compression-molding the gas hydrate into pellets; and cooling/depressurizing the pellets. Also provided is an apparatus for use in the process. In the cooling/depressurizing step 4, molded gas hydrate masses h12-30-2010
20110226007FLOATING SYSTEM FOR LIQUEFYING NATURAL GAS - A floating system for liquefying natural gas comprising a vessel provided with a plant for liquefying natural gas having an inlet for natural gas and an outlet for liquefied natural gas, a feed supply system for supplying natural gas to the inlet of the plant, one or more storage tanks for storing liquefied natural gas, and an off-loading system for transporting liquefied natural gas between the storage tank(s) and a tanker, which floating system further comprises a vaporization system having an inlet for liquefied gas and an outlet for vapour.09-22-2011
20120079850Controlling Liquefaction of Natrual Gas - A gas liquefaction process, especially for producing LNG, maintains product flow rate and temperature by controlling the refrigeration so that variation to reduce any difference between actual and required product temperatures is initiated before variation of the product flow rate to reduce any difference between actual and required flow rates.04-05-2012
20120079849REMOVAL OF HYDROGEN - The invention relates to a method for liquefying a hydrocarbon-rich fraction (04-05-2012
20090126401DUAL-REFLUXED HEAVIES REMOVAL COLUMN IN AN LNG FACILITY - A liquefied natural gas facility employing a heavies removal column having multiple reflux streams. The reflux streams can have different compositions and can be operable to reduce the critical pressure of the fluids within the heavies removal column in order to permit the column to operate at higher pressures without adversely affecting the horsepower requirements of plant compressor/driver systems.05-21-2009
20130199238LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS PLANT WITH ETHYLENE INDEPENDENT HEAVIES RECOVERY SYSTEM - This invention relates to a process and apparatus for liquefying natural gas. In another aspect, the invention concerns a liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility employing an ethylene independent heavies recovery system.08-08-2013
20130174603Liquefaction Method and System - A method for liquefaction using a closed loop refrigeration system, the method comprising the steps of (a) compressing a gaseous refrigerant stream in at least one compressor; (b) cooling the compressed gaseous refrigerant stream in a first heat exchanger; (c) expanding at least a first portion of the cooled, compressed gaseous refrigerant stream from the first heat exchanger in a first expander to provide a first expanded gaseous refrigerant stream; and (d) cooling and substantially liquefying a feed gas stream to form a substantially liquefied feed gas stream in a second heat exchanger through indirect heat exchange against at least a first portion of the first expanded gaseous refrigerant stream from the first expander, wherein the first expanded gaseous refrigerant stream exiting the first expander is substantially vapor.07-11-2013
20130139543SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTEGRATED ENERGY STORAGE AND CRYOGENIC CARBON CAPTURE - The systems and methods integrate energy storage with cryogenic carbon capture, providing effective grid management and energy-efficient carbon capture capabilities to power plants. The systems store energy during off-peak demand by using off-peak energy to compress natural gas to form liquefied natural gas (LNG) and storing the LNG for use as a refrigerant. The systems use the stored LNG as a refrigerant in a cryogenic carbon capture (CCC) process to isolate carbon dioxide from light gases in a flue gas. The systems supply energy during peak demand by burning the natural gas warmed by the CCC process to generate power.06-06-2013
20130133362NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION PROCESS - Disclosed herein is a natural gas liquefaction process using a single refrigeration cycle adopting a mixed refrigerant, and therefore having a simple structure and thus a compact system which is easy to operate, and further, after the mixed refrigerant is separated into two refrigerant parts, the two refrigerant parts are not mixed with each other but go through condensing (cooling), expanding, heat-exchanging, and compressing stages individually, and thus, optimal temperature and pressure conditions are applied to each of the separated refrigerant parts to increase efficiency of the liquefaction process.05-30-2013
20080202158System And Method For Cooling A Bog Stream - A system for cooling a boil-off gas (BOG) stream prior to compression in a boil-off reliquefaction plant, comprising a line (08-28-2008
20130145794"FLEXIBLE LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS PLANT" - The present techniques are directed to a flexible liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant that may be tied to an external electric grid for importing or exporting electric power. Exemplary embodiments provide a method for producing LNG that includes producing a base load capacity of refrigeration capacity for LNG production from a first compression system. Electricity may be produced from a second compressor string if electricity is needed by an external power grid, or a second amount of refrigeration capacity may be provided by the second compressor string is natural gas feed is available and the external grid does not need power.06-13-2013
20100307192CONDENSATION PROCESS AND CONTAINMENT VESSEL - A condenser and a containment vessel adapted to efficiently condense a gas out of a mixture of condensing and non-condensing gases. In condensers, the fraction of gas within a condenser made up of non-condensing gases can be significantly reduced by withdrawing gas from localised regions of relatively low temperature where the mass fraction of non-condensing gases will be relatively high. In containment vessels, pressures can be reduced by providing a large surface area of the liquid into which the condensing gas condenses in a relatively cool region of the containment vessel. Both these effects result from an appreciation of the manner in which non-condensing gases tend to accumulate in regions which are relatively cold.12-09-2010
20130152627Method To Produce Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) At Midstream Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs) Recovery Plants - A method to recover natural gas liquids (NGLs) from natural gas streams at NGL recovery plants. The present disclosure relates to methods using liquid natural gas (LNG) as an external source of stored cold energy to reduce the energy and improve the operation of NGL distillation columns. More particularly, the present disclosure provides methods to efficiently and economically achieve higher recoveries of natural gas liquids at NGL recovery plants.06-20-2013
20130180282Simplified LNG Process - A simplified method for production of a commercial supply liquefied natural gas (LNG) supplied in a pressurized vessel includes taking a supply of natural gas including contaminants from a stranded well or from a pipe line and extracting from the supply gas water vapor and CO2 in a fixed bed absorption system. In a first stage the supply gas is separated into first and second streams where the first stream contains all the cold energy available from the feed stream and sufficient of the contaminants are removed to meet a product specification for the composition of the LNG supply. In a second stage the first stream is liquefied by the available cool energy for commercial pressurized supply container The second stream contains natural gas which is as much as 75% of the feed stream together with substantially all the contaminants and is used as a natural gas supply.07-18-2013
20130098103METHOD OF TREATING A HYDROCARBON STREAM COMPRISING METHANE, AND AN APPARATUS THEREFOR - In a method and apparatus for treating a hydrocarbon stream having methane, at least a part of the hydrocarbon stream and a main refrigerant stream are cooled by indirect heat exchanging against a pre-cooling refrigerant. The pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream is passed to a first inlet of an extraction column, and an effluent stream is discharged from the extraction column. The effluent stream and at least a part of the pre-cooled main refrigerant stream are passed to a further heat exchanger, where they are both cooled thereby providing a cooled methane-enriched hydrocarbon stream and at least one cooled main refrigerant stream. The passing of the effluent stream to the further heat exchanger and the passing of the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream to the first inlet of the extraction column includes indirectly heat exchanging the effluent stream against the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream.04-25-2013
20120017639METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR STORING AND TRANSPORTING GASES - A method and system of storing and transporting valuable gases comprising mixing the gases with liquid natural gas to form a mixture. The mixture is transported in vessel configured for cooling the mixture by boiling a portion of liquid natural gas. The transportation vessel is further configured to be cooled in the absence of valuable gases by a remaining portion of liquid natural gas. The method further comprises recycling liquid natural gas through the vessel for pre-cooling the vessel prior to loading the mixture of valuable gases and liquid natural gas.01-26-2012

Patent applications in class Natural gas

Patent applications in all subclasses Natural gas