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GAS COMPRESSION, HEAT REGENERATION AND EXPANSION, E.G., STIRLING CYCLE

Subclass of:

062 - Refrigeration

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DocumentTitleDate
20090000312METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING A CONTAINER - A method and apparatus for the rapid cooling of a container and its contents, such as a beverage container. A heat transfer fluid is thermally contacted with the beverage container, where the heat transfer fluid has a temperature of less than 0° C. The heat transfer fluid can be physically separated from the container, such as by flowing the heat transfer fluid through a heat exchanger that surrounds the container. The cooling parameters can be controlled such that the container and its contents are rapidly cooled without freezing of the contents.01-01-2009
20130025297ROTARY VALVE AND CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR USING SAME - A rotary valve includes a valve body and a valve plate. The valve body has a body-side passage formed therein, and includes a first slide surface. The valve plate has a plate-side passage formed therein, and includes a valve plate body and a resin valve slide body. The valve plate body is formed of a non-magnetic material and includes an accommodation room. The resin valve slide body is accommodated in the accommodation room of the valve plate body. The resin valve slide body includes a second slide surface in close contact with the first slide surface of the valve body. The valve plate rotates to switch a state of connection of the body-side passage and the plate-side passage.01-31-2013
20080256958Pulse tube cryocooler - A pulse tube cryocooler used under a non-vacuum atmosphere, the pulse tube cryocooler includes a pressure wave generator configured to generate pressure wave in an operations gas; a first stage regenerator having a high temperature end connected to the pressure wave generator; a second stage regenerator having a high temperature end connected to the first stage regenerator; a first stage pulse tube having a high temperature end and a low temperature end, the high temperature end being connected to a first buffer tank, the low temperature end being connected to a low temperature end of the first stage regenerator; a second stage pulse tube having a high temperature end and a low temperature end, the high temperature end being connected to a second buffer tank, the low temperature end being connected to a low temperature end of the second stage regenerator; a first stage cooling stage provided in a position where the first stage regenerator and the first stage pulse tube are connected; and a second stage cooling stage provided in a position where the second stage regenerator and the second stage pulse tube are connected.10-23-2008
20130074524CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A disclosed device cryogenic refrigerator includes a first stage displacer; a first stage cylinder configured to form a first expansion space between the first stage cylinder and the first stage displacer; a second stage displacer connected to the first stage displacer; and a second stage cylinder configured to form a second expansion space between the second stage cylinder and the second stage displacer, wherein a helical groove is formed on an outer peripheral surface of the second stage displacer so as to helically extend from a side of the second expansion space toward the first stage displacer, wherein the second stage cylinder includes a first flow resistor communicating with a side of the first stage displacer in the helical groove, and a buffer portion communicating with a side of the first stage displacer in the first flow resistor.03-28-2013
20130074522CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A cryogenic refrigerator includes a Scotch yoke mechanism including a Scotch yoke and a bearing movably engaged with the Scotch yoke, and a displacer caused to reciprocate in a cylinder by the Scotch yoke mechanism, so that a refrigerant gas inside an expansion space formed in the cylinder is expanded by the reciprocation of the displacer to generate cold temperatures. The Scotch yoke includes a concave part at a position corresponding to a top dead center of the displacer.03-28-2013
20130074523CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A cryogenic refrigerator includes a cylinder, a displacer configured to be moved back and forth in the cylinder by a drive unit, an inlet valve configured to be opened in supplying a refrigerant gas into the cylinder, an exhaust valve configured to be opened in exhausting the refrigerant gas from the cylinder, and an expansion space formed in the cylinder and configured to generate a cooling by expanding the refrigerant gas caused by back and forth movement of the displacer. A moving speed of the displacer in the vicinity of a bottom dead center is set to be faster than the moving speed of the displacer in the vicinity of a top dead center.03-28-2013
20130081411CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A cryogenic refrigerator includes a refrigerator body configured to produce cold temperatures by expanding a refrigerant gas; a compressor connected to a first pipe for feeding the refrigerant gas of a first pressure to the refrigerator body, and connected to a second pipe for collecting the refrigerant gas of a second pressure lower than the first pressure from the refrigerator body; a buffer tank configured to store the refrigerant gas; a first valve provided in a first connecting pipe connecting the buffer tank and the refrigerator body; a second valve provided in a second connecting pipe connecting the buffer tank and the first pipe; and a third valve provided in a third connecting pipe connecting the buffer tank and the second pipe.04-04-2013
20130081410REFRIGERATION DEVICE, HYDROGENATION DEVICE FOR NITROGEN, AND LEAKED GAS REMOVING METHOD - A refrigeration device of an embodiment includes: a heat-insulating vacuum chamber; a refrigerator cryogenic unit that is provided in the heat-insulating vacuum chamber and is cooled to a lower temperature than 195 K; a catalytic electrode that is provided in the heat-insulating vacuum chamber and contains a transition metal at least in part of a surface thereof; a power supply that applies a voltage to the catalytic electrode; and a heating unit that is provided in the heat-insulating vacuum chamber and heats the catalytic electrode. In this refrigeration device, the catalytic electrode is insulated from the heat-insulating vacuum chamber and the heating unit, and the heating unit is insulated from the heat-insulating vacuum chamber and the catalytic electrode.04-04-2013
20130031915STIRLING ENGINE DISPLACER DRIVE - In one embodiment, as cryocooler is provided that includes: a regenerator piston; a drive coupler; and a link flexure having a proximal end coupled by a first pin to the drive coupler and having a distal end coupled by a second pin to the regenerator piston, wherein the link flexure forms a vane having flattened opposing faces that are orthogonal to a longitudinal axis for the first and second pin.02-07-2013
20130031916CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A cryogenic refrigerator includes a cylinder configured to be fed with a refrigerant gas, a displacer configured to reciprocate in the cylinder, a drive unit configured to cause the displacer to reciprocate in the cylinder, and a connecting mechanism connecting the drive unit and the displacer. The connecting mechanism includes an output shaft extending from the drive unit toward the displacer, an engagement pin provided through the output shaft to extend in directions to cross the reciprocating directions of the displacer, a rotation prevention mechanism configured to engage with the engagement pin to prevent a further rotation of the displacer when the displacer rotates, and a lid body fixed to an end portion of the displacer and engaging with the output shaft.02-07-2013
20100132381LOW WEAR PISTON SLEEVE - Provided is a low friction, self-lubricating sleeve for use with a reciprocating piston in the compressor and/or the expander subsystem of a cryogenic cooler or other compressor type system. The sleeve is bonded to an outer surface of the piston, thereby positioning the sleeve between the piston and an inner wall of a piston cylinder. The sleeve is manufactured using a polyetheretherketone base material, as well as varying percentages of carbon and/or polytetrafluoroethylene fillers. The sleeve may include a dry lubricant such as graphite or molybdenum disulfide, and may extend for all or part of the length of the piston. The sleeve demonstrates negligible wear over thousands of hours of use in the cryogenic cooler, thereby minimizing system gas blow-back and maximizing system efficiency/performance.06-03-2010
20100313577HIGH EFFICIENCY COMPACT LINEAR CRYOCOOLER - A method of removing heat due to compression of a working gas from a linear cryocooler is disclosed. The cryocooler includes a sealed housing, a displacer including a displacer piston and a displacer cylinder, and a compressor all arranged within the housing. The compressor includes a compressor piston that is movable within a compression chamber. The method includes providing a port in the compression chamber to remove heat from the compression chamber due to the compression of the working gas to the housing prior to entering the displacer piston.12-16-2010
20090158752VARIABLE POWER CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A compressor (06-25-2009
20130047632GAS LIQUEFACTION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A system and a method for liquefaction of gases which are utilized in their liquid state as refrigerants in applications that require low temperatures, throughout various pressure ranges, from slightly above atmospheric pressures to pressures near the critical point. The system and method are based on closed-cycle cryocoolers and utilize the thermodynamic properties of the gas to achieve optimal liquefaction rates.02-28-2013
201100002264-VALVE PULSE TUBE CRYOCOOLER - A 4-valve pulse tube cryocooler has, on a high-pressure end of a compressor, first and second coolant supply channels respectively connected to high-temperature ends of a regenerator and a pulse tube. The cryocooler further has, on a low-pressure end of the compressor, a first coolant recovery channel connected to the high-temperature end of the regenerator, a second coolant recovery channel connected to the high-temperature end of the pulse tube, and a third coolant recovery channel connected to the high-temperature end of the pulse tube via a common pipe and including a flow resistance member interposed between a flow control valve and the high-temperature end of the pulse tube.01-06-2011
20130086926CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR, CRYOPUMP AND DISPLACER - A two-stage GM cryogenic refrigerator includes a displacer having a low-temperature side and a high-temperature side and a motor configured to drive the displacer. The motor is configured to be rotatable forward in cooling and backward in increasing a temperature. The cryogenic refrigerator further includes a resin provided on an outer circumferential surface of the displacer. A thickness of the resin is thinner on the high-temperature side than on the low-temperature side.04-11-2013
20130086925CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A disclosed device cryogenic refrigerator includes a first stage displacer; a first stage cylinder configured to form a first expansion space between the first stage cylinder and the first stage displacer; a second stage displacer connected to the first stage displacer; and a second stage cylinder configured to form a second expansion space between the second stage cylinder and the second stage displacer, wherein the second stage displacer includes a helical groove formed on an outer peripheral surface of the second stage displacer so as to helically extend from the second expansion space, a flow resistor communicating with a side of the first stage displacer in the helical groove, and a flow path connecting the flow resistor to a side of the first expansion space, wherein the flow resistor is always positioned on a side of the second expansion space relative to the first expansion space.04-11-2013
20090094992GAS LIQUIFIER - A cryocooler for liquefying gas in which the neck of the dewar or cryostat includes a cold end of a cryocooler with the first stage cooling station, the first stage regenerator, the second stage cooling station, the second stage regenerator, and a condenser thermally coupled to the second cooling station. Radiation baffles are also present within the neck portion of the dewar between the storage portion for the dewar and the condenser, such that when the cryocooler is turned off, the radiation baffles reduce heat radiation on the cryogen in the storage section of the dewar.04-16-2009
20130067936CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A disclosed cryogenic refrigerator includes a first stage displacer; a first stage cylinder configured to form a first expansion between the first stage cylinder and the first stage displacer; a second stage displacer connected to the first stage displacer; and a second stage cylinder configured to form a second expansion space between the second stage cylinder and the second stage displacer, wherein a helical groove is formed on an outer peripheral surface of the second stage displacer so as to helically extend from a side of the second expansion space toward the first stage displacer, the helical groove communicates with the first expansion space, and a cross-sectional area of the helical groove becomes smaller from a side of the second expansion space to a side of the first expansion space.03-21-2013
20110011101TURBINE GENERATOR AND REFRIGERATING APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH TURBINE GENERATOR - A turbine generator is formed with a gas-refrigerant storage space over a power generation mechanism inside of a casing and a liquid-refrigerant storage space under the power generation mechanism. The turbine generator is provided with a gas-refrigerant outlet pipe penetrating the casing and leading to the gas-refrigerant storage space and a liquid-refrigerant outlet pipe penetrating the casing and leading to the liquid-refrigerant storage space.01-20-2011
20130061606INTEGRATED STIRLING REFRIGERATOR - An integrated Stirling refrigerator is composed of two parts: a compressor and an expander. The compressor is composed of a shell (03-14-2013
20100089069Low temperature device - A low temperature device has a low temperature container with an investigational opening. A material sample to that is to be examiner is mounted on a sample-holding device in the low temperature container. A sample that is fastened to the sample holding device can be cooled to the desired temperature using a cooling device, such as a pulse tube cooler, with a cold head that is inside the low temperature container. The sample holder is disposed in the low temperature container in such a way that the sample can be seen through the investigational opening. Because the investigational opening is flexible and not rigidly connected to the low temperature container, vibrations produced by the mechanical cooling device are prevented from being transferred to the investigational opening. Thus, a vibration-sensitive investigating and manipulating device can be coupled to the investigational opening without vibrations being transferred to the investigating and manipulating device.04-15-2010
20120234023CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A cryogenic refrigerator according to an embodiment of the present invention is used in cooling a superconducting magnet. The cryogenic refrigerator includes a crankpin bearing of a scotch yoke. The crankpin bearing is made of a cylindrical nonmagnetic resin material. The crankpin bearing includes a cylindrical inner wall and a cylindrical outer wall. The cylindrical inner wall supports a crankpin. The crankpin is eccentrically attached to an output shaft of a motor slidably in a circumferential direction. The cylindrical outer wall contacts with an inner wall of a window portion of the scotch yoke. The cylindrical inner wall is made of another nonmagnetic resin material different from the nonmagnetic resin material of the cylindrical outer wall. Hardness of the cylindrical inner wall is higher than hardness of the cylindrical outer wall.09-20-2012
20080295525MULTIPLE ROTARY VALVE FOR PULSE TUBE REFRIGERATOR - A rotary disc valve unit and refrigerators containing a rotary disc valve unit that has multiple valves, in which at least one rotary valve has ports connecting to the regenerator and at least one rotary valve has ports connecting to the warm ends of one or more pulse tubes where the rotary valve with ports for the regenerator has lighter contact than the rotary valve with ports for the pulse tubes. The valve face is divided into an inner area with ports for the pulse tubes and an outer area with ports for the regenerator, the inner area having a greater sealing pressure than the outer area.12-04-2008
20080295524Pulse tube refrigerating machine - A pulse tube refrigerating machine enables maintenance of an orifice while circulation of refrigerant gas within individual components is allowed, thus reducing the time required for maintenance. A compressor delivers a refrigerant gas having a high pressure and sucks the refrigerant gas having a low pressure. A cold head including a regenerator tube through which the refrigerant gas circulates and a pulse tube is connected to a housing. The flow of the refrigerant gas is controlled by one or more orifices, which are disposed outside the housing. The compressor, the housing, and the orifices are coupled via tubing. A coupling unit is disposed at both ends of at least one of the orifices. The coupling unit has a structure such that it can be split while the refrigerant gas is retained within the tubing. When the coupling unit is split, a detachable unit portion including the orifice is isolated.12-04-2008
20080295523Machined Spring With Integral Retainer For Closed Cycle Cryogenic Coolers - A retainer and spring with threaded end are machined from a single piece of material for threading to a piston in a closed cycle cryogenic cooler. Since the machined retainer and spring are a unitary part, they cannot rub against each other during operation of the piston which reduces debris generation. The spring is preferably formed as a double start helix which further increases axial stability and reduces side loading. The spring extends into an integrally formed, threaded end at the end thereof opposite the retainer. The spring is therefore solidly connected to its adjoining parts which greatly reduces tilting and off-axis movements inherent in the prior art, wound spring designs.12-04-2008
20130160468CRYOPUMP SYSTEM, CRYOGENIC SYSTEM, AND APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING COMPRESSOR UNIT - A compressor controller includes: a control amount calculation unit configured to calculate at least two control amounts including a first control amount for controlling a first control object that relates to a gas amount for cooling a cryogenic apparatus, and a second control amount for controlling a second control object that relates to the refrigerant gas amount and that is different from the first control object, the second control amount being common with the first control amount; and a selection unit configured to select a control object to be controlled from at least two control objects including the first control object and the second control object on the basis of a comparison between the at least two common control amounts.06-27-2013
20120079838Ruggedized Integrated Detector Cooler Assembly - The present invention relates to a cryogenic cooler's expander supported by a support member, preferably a truncated conical tube. The support member provides additional stiffness to the expander to reduce movements at the distal end of the expander. The support member also increases the natural frequency of the expander. In one embodiment, the support member increases the natural frequency of the expander at least about two (2) times in the bending and/or twisting sense. In another embodiment, the bending natural frequency of the expander and support sub-assembly is at least about two times greater or lower than the natural frequency of the electrical wires that connect the infrared sensor to a control processing unit to reduce the maximum stress applied to the electrical wires during use. In another embodiment, additional or redundant electrical pathways are provided for the connection between the infrared sensor and the CPU. Furthermore, shock absorber and/or shock diverters are provided on the rigid pins that connect the electrical wires to the CPU.04-05-2012
20120285181GAS BALANCED CRYOGENIC EXPANSION ENGINE - An expansion engine operating on a Brayton cycle which is part of a system for producing refrigeration at cryogenic temperatures that includes a compressor, a counter-flow heat exchanger, and a load that may be remote, which is cooled by gas circulating from the engine. The engine has a piston in a cylinder which has nearly the same pressure above and below the piston while it is moving. Low pressure on a piston drive stem provides a force imbalance to move the piston towards the warm end.11-15-2012
20110061404REGENERATIVE REFRIGERATOR - A regenerative refrigerator includes a compressor compressing working fluid; a cylinder fed with the compressed working fluid, containing a regenerator material, and having an expansion space; and a rotary valve to switch a first passage and a second passage formed to cause the working fluid to flow from the compressor to the expansion space and from the expansion space to the compressor, respectively. The working fluid expands in the expansion space to generate cold temperatures in the cylinder. The rotary valve includes a valve body having a first flat surface; and a valve plate having a second flat surface and configured to rotate with the first and second flat surfaces in surface contact. One of the first and second flat surfaces has an arithmetic average roughness of 0.1 μm to 0.9 μm. The other one of the first and second flat surfaces includes resin.03-17-2011
20110283716REFRIGERATION SYSTEM AND PROCESS UTILIZING A HEAT PIPE HEAT EXCHANGER - A refrigeration system includes a cryogenic freezer and a mechanical refrigerator, wherein the mechanical refrigerator includes an enclosure containing an atmosphere, the cryogenic freezer includes a cryogen exhaust conduit, and a heat pipe heat exchanger including a warm end and a cold end, wherein the heat pipe heat exchanger is in heat transfer relationship with the mechanical refrigerator and the cryogenic freezer such that the warm end of the heat pipe heat exchanger contacts the atmosphere within the mechanical refrigerator enclosure, and the cold end of the heat pipe heat exchanger is disposed within the cryogen exhaust conduit of the cryogenic freezer. A refrigeration process includes cooling an atmosphere within a mechanical refrigerator by exposing the atmosphere to a warm end of a heat pipe heat exchanger, wherein a cold end of the heat pipe heat exchanger is disposed within an exhaust duct of a cryogenic freezer.11-24-2011
20110296849Integrated power, cooling, and heating apparatus utilizing waste heat recovery - The present invention provides an apparatus for utilizing waste heat to power a reconfigurable thermodynamic cycle that can be used to selectively cool or heat an environmentally controlled space, such as a room, building, or vehicle. The present invention also integrates an electric machine, which may operate as a motor or generator, or both, and an additional prime mover, such as an internal combustion engine. Different combinations of these components are preferable for different applications. The system provides a design which reasonably balances the need to maximize efficiency, while also keeping the design cost-effective.12-08-2011
20100186425CLOSED CYCLE STIRLING CRYOGENIC COOLER WITH COLD PLASMA PRESSURE WAVE GENERATOR - A closed cycle Stirling cryogenic cooler, typically utilizing a noble gas (He or like) as a working fluid and containing a pneumatically driven expander interconnected with a low frequency pressure wave generator using a flexible transfer line or conduit, wherein the pressure wave generator includes a sealed gas discharge cavity containing the pressurised working fluid and a plurality of discharge electrodes which are electrically isolated, protrude through the walls of the cavity and are electrically connected to the high frequency pulse voltage supply, thus producing the glow discharge resulting in a cloud of cold plasma, making a so-called “plasmanized gas piston”.07-29-2010
20120017607Expander for Stirling Engines and Cryogenic Coolers - The invention is directed to an improved cryogenic cooler with an expander where the regenerator matrix is decoupled from the displacer or piston, thereby allowing the design of each to be optimized substantially independently. The regenerator matrix is preferably positioned spaced apart from the displacer and can be designed to enhance thermal exchanges and flow rates of the working gas. In one embodiment, the regenerator matrix has a serpentine shape or U-shape disposed around the displacer and the cold finger. Preferably, the regenerator matrix is static. The thermal lengths of the cold finger and/or the displacer can be extended by minimizing their geometrical lengths. Additionally, the structural integrity or stiffness of the cold finger and/or displacer can be strengthened.01-26-2012
20090282838METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM FOR COOLING AN OBJECT - A method for cooling an object includes coupling a cooling device to the object, wherein the cooling device includes at least one thermoacoustic engine and a plurality of gas diodes, generating acoustic power with the thermoacoustic engine, channeling acoustic oscillations of a fluid through the gas diodes, and transferring the heat produced by the object to the fluid to facilitate moving the heat away from the object.11-19-2009
20080245077Multiple Rotary Valve For Pulse Tube Refrigerator - A rotary disc valve unit and refrigerators containing a rotary disc valve unit that has multiple valves, in which at least one rotary valve has ports connecting to the regenerator and at least one rotary valve has ports connecting to the warm ends of one or more pulse tubes where the rotary valve with ports for the regenerator has lighter contact than the rotary valve with ports for the pulse tubes. The valve face is divided into an inner area with ports for the pulse tubes and an outer area with ports for the regenerator, the inner area having a greater sealing pressure than the outer area.10-09-2008
20100275616CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR - A cryogenic refrigerator (11-04-2010
20110265493Thermoacoustic Apparatus With Series-Connected Stages - A thermoacoustic apparatus includes multiple thermoacoustic device stages, such as individual thermoacoustic refrigerators, connected in a looped series such that excess acoustic energy from a first stage forms a part of the input energy to the next successive stage. Each stage includes an acoustic source, a regenerator, and a plurality of heat exchangers. The stages are interconnected by transmission lines. The dimensions of the transmission lines, materials used, and the operating parameters are selected so that that excess acoustic power is communicated to a succeeding stage with a pressure phase at the back of an acoustic source of the succeeding stage such that the electric power required by the acoustic source of the succeeding stage is minimized for a given acoustic power produced by the second stage. Improved operating efficiency of the thermoacoustic apparatus is thereby provided.11-03-2011
20080264071Pulse-tube refrigerating machine - A pulse-tube refrigerating machine includes: a compressor that pressurizes a refrigerant gas; a regenerator tube accommodating a regenerator material therein; a pulse-tube having of a hollow cylinder through which the refrigerant gas flows; an intake valve and an exhaust valve provided between the compressor and the regenerator tube. A heat-shielding material is provided to at least a portion of at least one of a first wall forming a portion of the pulse-tube and a second wall contacting a portion of the pulse-tube.10-30-2008
20080276625Acoustic Power Transmitting Unit for Thermoacoustic Systems - An acoustic power transmitting unit for thermoacoustic systems includes at least one stage provided with at least two thermoacoustic units each of which includes a regenerator or a stack and two heat exchangers, an acoustic resonator including a tube and containing a fluid and in which a magnetic field having high impedance and low-impedance areas is arranged, wherein certain thermoacoustic units are placed in high dimensionless impedance areas. Each high dimensionless impedance area also includes a thermoacoustic unit, wherein two successive thermoacoustic units are always separated by low dimensionless impedance. The resonator includes a reduced diameter section between each couple of successive thermoacoustic units and each cross-sectional narrowing is associated with at least one by-pass which includes a deviation cavity and makes it possible to deviate the major part of a volume flow rate.11-13-2008
20080307797Positive Displacement Expander and Fluid Machinery - When an expansion mechanism (12-18-2008
20090025399Water Vapor Distillation Apparatus, Method and System - A fluid vapor distillation apparatus. The apparatus includes a source fluid input, and an evaporator condenser apparatus. The evaporator condenser apparatus includes a substantially cylindrical housing and a plurality of tubes in the housing. The source fluid input is fluidly connected to the evaporator condenser and the evaporator condenser transforms source fluid into steam and transforms compressed steam into product fluid. Also included in the fluid vapor distillation apparatus is a heat exchanger fluidly connected to the source fluid input and a product fluid output. The heat exchanger includes an outer tube and at least one inner tube. Also included in the fluid vapor distillation apparatus is a regenerative blower fluidly connected to the evaporator condenser. The regenerative blower compresses steam, and the compressed steam flows to the evaporative condenser where compressed steam is transformed into product fluid.01-29-2009
20090249797Thermoacoustic Refrigerators and Engines Comprising Cascading Stirling Thermodynamic Units - The present invention includes a thermoacoustic assembly and method for improved efficiency. The assembly has a first stage Stirling thermal unit comprising a main ambient heat exchanger, a regenerator and at least one additional heat exchanger. The first stage Stirling thermal unit is serially coupled to a first end of a quarter wavelength long coupling tube. A second stage Stirling thermal unit comprising a main ambient heat exchanger, a regenerator, and at least one additional heat exchanger, is serially coupled to a second end of the quarter wavelength long coupling tube.10-08-2009
20090000314Apparatus and method for rapidly freezing small objects - A compact desktop gas liquefaction system having a gas generator, a cooling unit having a Stirling, pulse-tube or Stirling-pulse-tube cooler, and an insulated container to receive the liquefied gas. The system may be used to produce liquid nitrogen, oxygen, argon, natural gas, or air. The insulated container can be quickly disengaged from the gas liquefaction system, thereby minimizing the risk associated with handling liquefied gases. This compact liquefier allows for on-demand and on-site cryogen generation. The system provides a condenser surrounded by an evacuated space for greater efficiency of operation in a limited space.01-01-2009
20090241556Pulse Tube Refrigerator and Regenerative Refrigerator - A pulse tube refrigerator, includes a first pulse tube; a first regenerator connected to the first pulse tube; a compressor configured to compress the coolant gas; a first supply side valve; a first filter provided between a supply side of the first supply side valve and the high temperature end of the first regenerator; a first suction side valve connected to the first filter via a first joint point; a first self seal joint provided between the supply side of the compressor and a suction side of the first supply side valve; a second self seal joint provided between a supply side of the first suction side valve and the suction side of the compressor; and a third self seal joint provided between a first regenerator side of the first filter and the high temperature end of the first regenerator.10-01-2009
20090255273Method and device for condensing CO2 - The invention relates to a method and to a device for condensing CO2 or CO2 separation. According to the invention the thermoacoustic effect is used, with the aid of waste heat from a power station, to produce power for a compressor for compressing a working medium, in particular for compressing a CO2-containing flue gas, and/or for cooling the working medium.10-15-2009
20100223934Thermoacoustic Refrigerator For Cryogenic Freezing - A refrigeration system includes a cooler or freezer enclosure; a heat exchanger within the enclosure; a bulk storage tank in fluid communication with the heat exchanger; a sound generator in fluid communication with the heat exchanger; a thermoacoustic refrigerator in acoustic communication with the sound generator; and an indirect heat exchange loop in heat transfer contact with the thermoacoustic refrigerator. The heat exchanger is adapted to receive pressurized fluid from the bulk storage tank, and to provide pressurized gas to the sound generator.09-09-2010
20100218513THERMALLY ACTIVATED HIGH EFFICIENCY HEAT PUMP - A vapor compression cycle system is combined with a Rankine cycle system, with the two systems having a common suction accumulator from which the compressor draws refrigerant vapor for the vapor compression cycle system and from which a pump draws liquid refrigerant for circulation within the Rankine cycle system. The vapor from the Rankine cycle system expander is passed to the compressor discharge to provide a mixture which is circulated within the vapor compression cycle system to obtain improved performance. The heat exchangers are sized so as to obtain a non-complete evaporation, with the resulting two-phase fluid passing to the suction accumulator to provide liquid refrigerant to the Rankine cycle system and vapor refrigerant to the vapor compression cycle system.09-02-2010
20100000232CRYOGENIC LIQUID STORAGE SYSTEM FOR A SPACECRAFT - A cryogenic liquid storage system for a spacecraft comprising at least one liquid tank with an outer casing and an evacuated space arranged between the tank and the outer casing. The system further comprises a propellant management device made of material that is a good conductor of heat and that is cooled by a cryorefrigerator to localize the liquid inside the tank when in microgravity, a filler pipe situated in the portion of the tank that is at the bottom when the tank is on the ground, and that is surrounded by an evacuated insulating double wall and a purge pipe connecting the tank to the outer casing and presenting an internal length that is not less than half the diameter of the tank.01-07-2010
20090107150Inertance tube and surge volume for pulse tube refrigerator - An inertance tube and a surge volume for a pulse tube refrigerator system may be integrally coupled together, such as by the inertance tube being at least in part a channel in a wall of the surge volume. The surge volume may have a helical channel in an outer wall that forms part of the inertance tube. The surge volume tank may be surrounded by a cover that closes off the channel to form the inertance tube as an integral part of the surge volume. The inertance tube may have a non-circular cross section shape, such as a square shape or non-square rectangular shape. The channel may be tapered, perhaps changing aspect ratio. Alternatively, the inertance tube may be a separate tube having a non-circular shape, which may be wrapped around at least part of the surge volume.04-30-2009
20100293967COMPRESSOR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GAS LIQUEFACTION SYSTEM - A system and method according to which a compressor having a first shaft is provided, and an aeroderivative gas turbine for driving the compressor is provided, the aeroderivative gas turbine including a gas generator and a power turbine coupled to the gas generator, the power turbine having a second shaft directly coupled to the first shaft of the compressor for directly driving the first shaft.11-25-2010
20110126553Cryogenic Pump Employing Tin-Antimony Alloys and Methods of Use - A cryogenic refrigerator includes a regenerative heat exchanger material in thermal contact with a working gas including a tin-antimony (Sn—Sb) alloy or a tin-gallium (Sn—Ga) alloy in at least one cooling stage. The re-generative heat exchanger material can include an Sn—Sb-M alloy, with M including at least one element selected from the group consisting of Bi, Ag, Ge, Cu, La, Mg, Mn, Nd, Ni, Pd, Pt, K, Rh, Sm, Se, S, Y, Fe, In, Al, Ce, Dy, Cd, Ti, Au, P, Pr, Yb and Zn. The cryogenic refrigerator can include a Gifford-McMahon refrigerator, a pulse tube refrigerator, or a Stirling refrigerator. A cryopump includes cryopanels adapted to condense or adsorb gases and a cryogenic refrigerator.06-02-2011
20110126554Linear Drive Cryogenic Refrigerator - A cryogenic refrigerator has a refrigeration cylinder and at least two displacers. Each displacer reciprocates in the refrigeration cylinder and moves refrigeration gas through the refrigeration cylinder. A regenerator cools the refrigeration gas, and gas control valves admit high pressure gas into the refrigeration cylinder and exhaust gas from the refrigeration cylinder. The refrigerator also has linear motors operatively connected to displacers, and the linear motors drive the displacers in reciprocating movement. A position sensor is provided to determine a parameter of the displacers during reciprocation. A controller is operatively connected to the linear motors to control the linear motors. The controller controls a parameter of the two displacers during reciprocation. The parameter can be stroke length, stroke speed, stroke phase or another parameter of the displacer for temperature control of the cryogenic refrigerator. The cryogenic refrigerator may also include a device to remove vibration.06-02-2011
20110000228HYBRID CRYOCOOLER WITH MULTIPLE PASSIVE STAGES - A multi-stage cryocooler has three or more stages, including an active first stage and passive second and third stages. The active stage may include a Stirling expander, and the passive second and third stages may be pulse tube coolers. The cryocooler may provide cooling at three different temperatures. The coldest cooling temperature may be at or below 10 K, and may be at or below 5 K. The system may provide cooling at such low temperatures while still operating at a relatively high frequency, for example, at a frequency of at least about 20 Hertz.01-06-2011
20110000225DOUBLE INLET TYPE PULSE TUBE REFRIGERATOR - A double inlet type pulse tube refrigerator includes a regenerator having a high temperature end and a low temperature end; a pulse tube having a high temperature end and a low temperature end connected to the low temperature end of the regenerator; a compressor having a high pressure supplying side and low pressure receiving side for a coolant, a bypass pipe having a double inlet valve, the bypass pipe being configured to connect the high temperature end of the pulse tube and the high temperature end of the regenerator; a buffer tank connected to the high temperature end of the pulse tube via a first pipe having a first flow path resistance member; and a second pipe having a second flow path resistance member including a third opening and closing valve.01-06-2011
20080276626Regenerative cryocooler and pulse tube cryocooler - A regenerative cryocooler, the regenerative cryocooler being connected to a compressor configured to make coolant gas have a high pressure, send the high pressure coolant gas, and absorb coolant gas having a low pressure, the regenerative cryocooler includes a cooling stage having a regenerative material and connected to a cylinder member, the cylinder member being where the coolant gas flows, the coolant gas repeating compression and expansion; and a reinforcing member configured to prevent vibration of the cooling stage.11-13-2008
20100037627CAPTURE AND REMOVAL OF GASES FROM OTHER GASES IN A GAS STREAM - A method for the selective capture and removal of gases and vapors from a gas stream using a thermo-acoustic device includes the steps of first cooling the gas stream using at least one heat exchanger and then passing the stream to a thermo-acoustic refrigeration process and removing gases in a cascade process. The gases that are captured and removed, such as CO02-18-2010
20100064697Heat Pump Comprising a Cooling Mode - A heat pump having a cooling mode includes a cooling evaporator coupled to an advance flow and a backflow. The cooling evaporator is brought to a pressure such that a vaporization temperature of the working liquid in the backflow is below a temperature of an object to be cooled to which the backflow may be thermally coupled. In this manner, an area having vapor at high pressure is generated. This vapor is fed into a dynamic-type compressor which outputs the vapor at a low pressure and provides electrical energy in the process. The vapor at low pressure is fed to a cooling liquefier which provides vapor liquefaction at a low temperature, this temperature being lower than the temperature of the object to be cooled. The working liquid removed from the cooling evaporator due to the vaporization is refilled by a filling pump. The heat pump having a cooling mode also results when a specific heat pump is operated in the reverse direction, and provides cooling without any net use of electrical energy. Instead, the cooling even generates electrical energy.03-18-2010
20100064696ACTIVE CONTROL OF AN ACOUSTIC COOLING SYSTEM - An acoustic cooling system comprising a first transducer (03-18-2010
20110100025FLUID MACHINE AND REFRIGERATION CYCLE APPARATUS - A fluid machine 05-05-2011
20110100024MULTISTAGE PULSE TUBE COOLERS - Various embodiments are directed to multistage pulse tube coolers. In some embodiments, one or more stages of the pulse tube cooler may comprise a control valve positioned between the hot end of the pulse tube and the reservoir. Also, in various embodiments, one or more inter-stage control valves may be positioned between the pulse tubes of consecutive stages.05-05-2011
20110100023VARIABLE PHASE SHIFT DEVICES FOR PULSE TUBE COOLERS - Various embodiments are directed to pulse tube coolers having flow resistance devices that are variable within the thermodynamic cycle of the pulse tube. An example pulse tube may comprise a compressor, a regenerator, a reservoir and a pulse tube. A working fluid may be positioned within the regenerator, pulse tube and reservoir. Further, a variable phase control device may be positioned in a fluid path between the pulse tube and the reservoir. The pulse tube cooler may also comprise a control circuit. The control circuit may be programmed to vary a characteristic of the variable phase control device based on the position of the pulse tube cooler in its thermodynamic cycle.05-05-2011
20110100022PHASE SHIFT DEVICES FOR PULSE TUBE COOLERS - Various embodiments are directed to pulse tube coolers and components thereof. A pulse tube cooler may comprise a compressor, a regenerator, a pulse tube and a reservoir. A network of phase control devices may be placed in a fluid path between a hot end of the pulse tube and the reservoir. The network of phase control devices may have at least one flow resistance device and at least one inertance device.05-05-2011
20130186109COUNTER FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER FOR A MINIATURE JOULE-THOMSON CRYOCOOLER - A counter flow heat exchanger comprising a body formed of stacked, fused, ceramic sheets. The sheets comprising: a bottom sheet, a second sheet, a third sheet, a fourth sheet and a top sheet. The sheets have punched holes such that when the sheets are aligned there is an inlet hole spanning from the top sheet to the fourth sheet, an outlet hole spanning from the top sheet to the second sheet, and an inflow hole spanning from the fourth sheet to the second sheet. Within the second sheet, a low pressure flow channel connects the outlet hole with the inflow hole. Within the fourth sheet, the inlet hole flows into a high pressure flow channel which flows into a narrow flow path which then empties into the inflow hole. The high pressure flow channel is aligned with the low pressure flow channel to allow for heat exchange.07-25-2013
20090000313Regenerator matrix with mixed screen configuration - A regenerator matrix 01-01-2009
20110173995PULSE TUBE REFRIGERATOR - A pulse tube refrigerator, includes a pulse tube; and a regenerator having a low temperature end, the low temperature end being in communication with a low temperature end of the pulse tube via a communicating path, wherein a heat exchanger is provided at the low temperature end side of the pulse tube in the communicating path; the heat exchanger includes a laminated body, the laminated body including at least first and second metal gauzes; the first and second metal gauzes include copper or a copper alloy; interfaces of the metal gauzes are diffusion-bonded to each other; and a side surface of the laminated body is diffusion-bonded to an internal wall forming the communicating path.07-21-2011
20080314050NO-VENT LIQUID HYDROGEN STORAGE AND DELIVERY SYSTEM - A hydrogen storage and delivery system is provided having an orifice pulse tube refrigerator and a liquid hydrogen storage vessel. A cooling system, coupled to the orifice pulse tube refrigerator, cools the vessel and abates ambient heat transfer thereto in order to maintain the liquid hydrogen in the vessel at or below its saturation temperature. Hydrogen boil-off, and the necessity to provide continuous venting of vaporized hydrogen are minimized or avoided. In a preferred embodiment, the hydrogen storage vessel has a toroidal shape, and the pulse tube refrigerator is a two stage pulse tube refrigerator and extends within a central void space defined at the geometric center of the toroidal storage vessel. Also in a preferred embodiment, the cooling system includes first and second thermal jackets, each having a substantially toroidal shape and enclosing the storage vessel, wherein each of the thermal jackets is thermally coupled to one of the first or second stages of the pulse tube refrigerator in order to cool the vessel and to abate ambient heat leak thereto. The hydrogen storage and delivery system is particularly suitable for use in vehicles, such as passenger automobiles.12-25-2008
20110000227COMPRESSOR - To improve the exhaust heat recovery efficiency, a compressor includes a heat exchanger for cooling a gas, coolant, water, or oil heated by the compressor during compressor operation by heat exchange with a working fluid, for circulating the working fluid of a Rankine cycle. The Rankine cycle is implemented by the heat exchanger, an expander, a condenser, and a circulating pump to circulate the working fluid through the cycle.01-06-2011
20110005237OIL REMOVAL FROM A TURBINE OF AN ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE (ORC) SYSTEM - A method and system for removing oil in an organic rankine cycle (ORC) system (01-13-2011
20080282708Cryocooler split flexure suspension system and method - A cryocooler in which two independently moving flexure systems are split across a single magnetic structure, decreasing package size and increasing resistance to cantilevered mass sag due to external forces. A series of concentrically oriented flexure coupling shafts are provided that allow two independently moving flexure assemblies to be split across a single motor. A series of connectors are included on the forward side of the motor that pass through the outer shaft and allow the inner connecting shaft to be mounted to its flexures without interference. A series of close-out connections are included on the aft flexure stacks that makes assembly possible, providing firm mechanical connections without interference.11-20-2008
20110185747PULSE TUBE REFRIGERATOR - A pulse tube refrigerator includes a regenerator tube; a pulse tube; and a condenser condensing an atmospheric gas and disposed at cold ends of the regenerator tube and the pulse tube so as to also function as a cooling stage. The condenser includes a first surface and a second surface facing each other, a flow path having two openings on the first surface and connecting the cold end of the regenerator tube and the cold end of the pulse tube, and multiple holes extending from the second surface. The holes formed in an area of the condenser defined by a circle having the center on a straight line connecting the centers of the openings of the flow path do not pass through the condenser up to the first surface. The circle is the smallest circle enclosing the openings or a circumscribed circle circumscribing the openings.08-04-2011
20120304668REGENERATOR, GM TYPE REFRIGERATOR AND PULSE TUBE REFRIGERATOR - A helium-cooling type regenerator includes first and second storage spaces. The first storage space is disposed in a region on a high-temperature side, and accommodates the regenerator material whose pressure is P12-06-2012
20120204579REGENERATIVE REFRIGERATOR - A regenerative refrigerator includes a cylinder configured to cause a refrigerant gas to adiabatically expand; and a regenerator tube connected to the cylinder and including a partitioning member. The partitioning member partitions an internal space of the regenerator tube into a first space in which the refrigerant gas flows and a second space filled with a regenerator material formed of gas. The regenerator tube is configured to accumulate, in the regenerator material, cold generated in the cylinder with adiabatic expansion of the refrigerant gas. The area of exposure of the partitioning member to the second space is greater than the area of exposure of the partitioning member to the first space.08-16-2012
20120000208LONG LIFE SEAL AND ALIGNMENT SYSTEM FOR SMALL CRYOCOOLERS - In one embodiment, a compressor includes a moving assembly configured to compress a gas within a compression volume; a guide rod connected to the moving assembly which reciprocates axially with the moving assembly; and a bellows seal positioned between the moving assembly and a stationary housing which at least partially defining the compression volume. In another embodiment, a compressor includes a motor assembly configured to compress a gas within a compression volume, the motor assembly including: a stationary coil assembly; a moving assembly having at least one magnet, and a gap located between the stationary coil assembly and the moving assembly; wherein the moving assembly is configured to reciprocate axially with respect to the stationary coil assembly when electrical current is applied to the stationary coil assembly, and to change the width of the gap between the stationary coil assembly and the moving assembly so as to provide magnetic axial stiffness against motion of the moving assembly. One or more embodiments may be used in a cryocooler assembly.01-05-2012
20120011858DISPLACER VALVE FOR CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - The present invention discloses a displacer valve for a cryogenic refrigerator, which is mounted on one circular surface of a displacer cover by a bolt to open and close a hole formed in the surface of the displacer cover. The displacer valve includes a rotation preventing guide fastened to an eccentric portion of the displacer cover by the bolt to prevent the displacer valve from rotating around the bolt. Therefore, the displacer valve does not rotate around the bolt but is fixed in a proper position, so that its operational reliability can be ensured.01-19-2012
20120151941SECONDARY PULSE TUBES AND REGENERATORS FOR COUPLING TO ROOM TEMPERATURE PHASE SHIFTERS IN MULTISTAGE PULSE TUBE CRYOCOOLERS - Pulse tube refrigeration or cooling systems are described which utilize a secondary regenerator or a secondary pulse tube. Use of such a secondary regenerator or pulse tube enables a commercially available pressure oscillator to be incorporated in the cooling system. The commercially available oscillator can be operated at room temperature or approximately so.06-21-2012
20120102976PULSE TUBE CRYOCOOLER MODULATING PHASE VIA INERTANCE TUBE AND ACOUSTIC POWER AMPLIFIER THEREOF - A pulse tube cryocooler modulating phase via an inertance tube and an acoustic amplifier (A05-03-2012
20110094244ROTARY VALVE AND A PULSE TUBE REFRIGERATOR USING A ROTARY VALVE - A rotary valve of a multivalve type pulse tube refrigerator includes: a stationary seat; a rotary disk to change a coolant path by rotating while surface-contacting with a face of the stationary seat; a plurality of first ports provided in the face of the stationary seat to supply a high-pressure coolant to a regenerator and exhaust a low-pressure coolant from the regenerator; and a plurality of second ports provided in the face of the stationary seat to supply a high-pressure coolant to a pulse tube and exhaust a low-pressure coolant from the pulse tube. The first ports are arranged in a first circular track area in rotation symmetry with respect to the center of the face. The second ports are arranged in a second circular track area in rotation symmetry with respect to the center of the face.04-28-2011
20120102975CRYOGEN FREE COOLING APPARATUS AND METHOD - A cryogen free cooling apparatus comprises at least one heat radiation shield (05-03-2012
20120117984VALVE ASSEMBLY ADAPTED FOR DYNAMIC CONTROL OF GAS-FLOW ABOUT A CRYOGENIC REGION - A valve assembly is provided for dynamically controlling the inlet and exhaust of refrigeration gas between a cryocooler coldhead and a remote compressor. The valve assembly is optimized to minimize friction, power consumption, and wear while providing complete flexibility as to the timing, duration, and amplitude of its inlet and exhaust actions. The valve assembly comprises two separate open-close sections for the inlet and exhaust functions. These are mounted along a single rod, the position of which is controlled by a linear motor. The two sections are configured so that only one is open at each the rod's travel and neither is open at the midpoint of travel. A microprocessor and appropriate drive circuits precisely control the position of the rod as a function of time, and of displacer position when used with a Gifford-McMahon (G-M) cooler.05-17-2012
20120131932HEAT TRANSFER SYSTEM - A thermodynamic system includes a cyclical heat exchange system and a heat transfer system coupled to the cyclical heat exchange system to cool a portion of the cyclical heat exchange system. The heat transfer system includes an evaporator including a wall configured to be coupled to a portion of the cyclical heat exchange system and a primary wick coupled to the wall and a condenser coupled to the evaporator to form a closed loop that houses a working fluid.05-31-2012
20120167598VACUUM ISOLATED MULTI-WELL ZERO LOSS HELIUM DEWAR - A multi-well helium Dewar is provided for recirculating coolant about a cryostat probe; the Dewar includes a first well containing a first coolant reservoir, and a second well containing a second coolant reservoir. A fluid connection extends between the first and second coolant reservoirs. A low impedance conduit further connects a top end of the second well to the first well. In this regard, the Dewar at least partially contains a cryocooler within the first well and a cryostat probe within the second well. Vibrational noise is reduced by the incorporation of soft mounting components for connecting various features. A thermal shield of the Dewar can be thermally connected to isolated components for additional cooling power and increased efficiency during initialization. A second fluid connection may include a valve attached to a counter-flow heat exchanger for efficiently re-condensing excess gas within the Dewar.07-05-2012
20100018224STIRLING COOLER - A Stirling cooler includes a Stirling refrigerator having a heat dissipation unit and a heat absorption unit, a cooling compartment cooled by cold heat of the heat absorption unit, a secondary refrigerant circulation circuit cooling the heat dissipation unit, and a tertiary refrigerant circulation circuit exchanging heat with the secondary refrigerant circulation circuit.01-28-2010
20120312032CRYOPUMP AND CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR - A refrigerator includes two displacers which are longitudinally adjacent to each other and the high temperature displacer includes a main compartment and an auxiliary compartment for a regenerator material. A direct passage for operating gas is formed between the two displacers. A cryopump includes a low temperature cryopanel, a radiation shield which is cooled to a higher temperature than that of the low temperature cryopanel, and the refrigerator.12-13-2012
20090126371Heat Pump - A heat pump device in which a temperature difference is established between two heat exchangers by inducing cyclical expansion and compression pulses in a working fluid vapour or gas which passes through an adsorbent porous solid located between the heat exchangers.05-21-2009
20120073310CRYOGENIC VACUUM BREAK THERMAL COUPLER - A novel thermal coupler apparatus and method to couple a cryocooler or another cooling device to a superconducting magnet or cooled object allows for replacement without a need to break the cryostat vacuum or to warm up the superconducting magnet or other cooled object. A method uses a pneumatic actuator for coupling, and a retractable mechanical actuator for uncoupling. Mechanical closing forces are balanced between the intermediate temperature and low temperature cooling surfaces and do not transfer to the cooled object. The pneumatic actuator provides permanent control under mechanical closing forces in the thermal coupling.03-29-2012
20120255312Method and System to Produce Electric Power - An open brayton cycle power generation system is enabled and improved by integration of an energy storage system utilizing cryogenic storage of atmospheric gas. A particular improved system is an open brayton cycle power generation system in which the heating source is Concentrating Solar Power. Multiple embodiments are described which permit various modes of operation and improved overall efficiency.10-11-2012
20120227417G-M REFRIGERATOR WITH PHASE MODULATION MECHANISM - A G-M refrigerator comprises a compressor (09-13-2012
20120227416Pressure Wave Generator - A pressure wave generator (09-13-2012
20120260673COOLING SYSTEM UTILIZING A RECIPROCATING PISTON - Cooling in the supersonic region of a compressible fluid is disclosed. The fluid is accelerated by a reciprocating piston to a velocity equal to or greater than the speed of sound in the fluid in an evaporator. No conventional mechanical pump is required to accelerate the fluid. A phase change of the fluid due to a pressure differential may be utilized to transfer heat from an element to be cooled.10-18-2012
20120317994REGENERATIVE TYPE REFRIGERATOR - A disclosed regenerative type refrigerator includes a cylinder expanding a refrigerant gas; a regenerator accumulating cold thermal energy and being provided inside the cylinder so as to be reciprocate inside the cylinder; a rotary drive portion generating driving force; a rotary member being rotated by the rotary drive portion; and a bearing member supporting the rotary member and including an inner wheel, an outer wheel, and two sealing members encapsulating a lubricant agent and being provided on sides of the outer wheel and the inner wheel, wherein the sealing members are fixed to one of the inner wheel member and the outer wheel member, and a gap is formed between the two sealing members and another one of the inner wheel member and the outer wheel member.12-20-2012
20100229572REGENERATIVE REFRIGERATOR - A regenerative refrigerator includes a cylinder; a displacer provided in the cylinder; a groove pattern formed on the exterior circumferential surface of the displacer or the interior circumferential surface of the cylinder to form a first gas passage connecting one end and the other end of the exterior or interior circumferential surface, and including a groove having at least part thereof extending along a direction to cross the axial directions of the displacer to cause gas flowing from the one end to the other end in the gap between the exterior and interior circumferential surfaces to actively exchange heat with the cylinder and the displacer; a second gas passage to and from an expansion space; and a regenerator material formed of bismuth granules and provided in at least part of the second gas passage, wherein the lowest attainable temperature is 5 K to 15 K in an unloaded state.09-16-2010
20120279234Linear Electrodynamic-Type Motor, Cryocooler Including Such a Motor and Method Implementing Such a Motor - This motor includes: 11-08-2012
20100257872Pulse tube refrigerator - A multistage pulse tube refrigerator includes a first stage regenerator tube including a heat exchanger; a second stage regenerator tube; a first stage pulse tube; a second stage pulse tube; a first cooling stage connected to the first stage regenerator tube and the first stage pulse tube; and a second cooling stage connected to the second stage regenerator tube and the second stage pulse tube. A cold end of the first stage regenerator tube is connected to the first stage pulse tube via a first flow path and connected to the second stage regenerator tube via a second flow path. The first flow path is configured such that a heat exchange occurs between the heat exchanger and a refrigerant gas flowing through the first flow path, and the second flow path is configured such that the refrigerant gas flowing through the second flow path bypasses the heat exchanger.10-14-2010
20120137707ZERO DELTA TEMPERATURE THERMAL LINK - An apparatus for transferring cryogenic refrigeration includes a cryocooler interface, a housing, a working fluid, a heat exchanger, a flexible thermal link, and a remote cartridge cold head. The cryocooler interface is thermally connected to a cryocooler providing a source of refrigeration. The refrigeration is passed from the crycooler into the heat exchanger via the cryocooler interface. The remote cartridge cold head is attached to a remote location. Heat is drawn from the remote location through the remote cartridge cold head and into the heat exchanger via the working fluid within the flexible thermal link and housing. Within the heat exchanger, heat is transferred from the working fluid to the refrigeration source, such as a cryocooler; accordingly, the remote location is cooled.06-07-2012
20130008184DISPLACER, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND REGENERATIVE TYPE REFRIGERATOR - A disclosed displacer to be inserted into a cylinder to expand a compressed working fluid inside the cylinder by reciprocation of the displacer inside the cylinder includes a cylindrical member; and a regenerative material included inside the cylindrical member, wherein a groove is formed on an outer peripheral surface of the cylindrical member, the outer peripheral surface facing the cylinder, and a sealing film is continuously formed on the outer peripheral surface and the groove over an area where the groove is formed in a longitudinal direction.01-10-2013
20130014517LIQUEFIER WITH PRESSURE-CONTROLLED LIQUEFACTION CHAMBER - A liquefier includes a Dewar having a storage portion and a neck portion extending therefrom. A hermetically isolated liquefaction chamber is disposed within the neck of the Dewar. One or more control components including a temperature and pressure sensor are coupled to a CPU and disposed within the liquefaction chamber for dynamic control of liquefaction conditions. A gas flow control is coupled to the CPU for regulating an input gas flow into the liquefaction chamber. A volume surrounding the liquefaction chamber may be adapted to provide a counter-flow heat exchange. These and other features provide improved liquefaction efficiency among other benefits.01-17-2013
20130014518Refrigeration Method and Apparatus with a Pulsating LoadAANM Aigouy; GeraldAACI La Croix De La RochetteAACO FRAAGP Aigouy; Gerald La Croix De La Rochette FRAANM Briend; PierreAACI SeyssinetAACO FRAAGP Briend; Pierre Seyssinet FRAANM Deschildre; CindyAACI SassenageAACO FRAAGP Deschildre; Cindy Sassenage FRAANM Fauve; EricAACI BolleneAACO FRAAGP Fauve; Eric Bollene FRAANM Bernhardt; Jean-MarcAACI La BuisseAACO FRAAGP Bernhardt; Jean-Marc La Buisse FRAANM Delcayre; FranckAACI River Sur FureAACO FRAAGP Delcayre; Franck River Sur Fure FR - A method for the pulsating load refrigeration of a component of a Tokamak, said method using a refrigeration device subjecting a working fluid such as helium to a working cycle, the Tokamak comprising at least one operating mode called “periodic and symmetrical,” according to the method, the refrigerating power produced by the refrigeration device being increased to a relatively high level when the Tokamak is in a plasma generating phase (Dp) whereas the refrigerating power produced by the refrigeration device is reduced to a relatively low level when the Tokamak is no longer in a plasma generating phase (Dnp), characterized in that during the “periodic and symmetrical” operating phase of the Tokamak, the refrigerating power of the refrigeration device is regulated according to a forced variation also of the “periodic and symmetrical” type, that is one wherein the respective durations of generation of a high level of refrigeration and of generation of a low level of refrigerating power differ at most by 30%, and in that the variation in refrigerating power brings about gradual increases and reductions in refrigerating power, and in that the increase in refrigerating power produced by the refrigeration device is triggered in advance, in response to a signal (S) generated during a plasma starting step in the Tokamak, that is before the thermal load on the component increases.01-17-2013
20110146302CRYOGENIC HEAT EXCHANGER FOR THERMOACOUSTIC REFRIGERATION SYSTEM - A heat exchanger and related method for a thermoacoustic refrigeration system are provided, which includes a warm end of the heat exchanger, a cryogen passing through the warm end to remove heat generated by a thermoacoustic wave generator, and a cool end through which a cooling medium passes to be cooled by the heat transfer at the warm end, wherein cryogenic gas is exhausted from the warm end, and a cooling gas is exhausted from the cool end at a lower temperature than a temperature of the warm end.06-23-2011
20090173083CO-AXIAL MULTI-STAGE PULSE TUBE FOR HELIUM RECONDENSATION - A two-stage pulse tube refrigerator having a compact design, low vibration and low heat loss is provided where at least the 207-09-2009
20080236176Drive Arrangement For Rotary Valve In A Cryogenic Refrigerator - A cryogenic refrigerator comprising a rotary valve which controls the flow of high pressure gas into the refrigerator and the return of the gas from the refrigerator, the cryogenic refrigerator further comprising rotary fluid motor arranged to drive the rotary valve.10-02-2008
20080229760MULTI-STAGE PULSE TUBE CRYOCOOLER WITH ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE CONSTRUCTED TO REDUCE TRANSIENT COOL DOWN TIME AND THERMAL LOSS - The cool down time for a multi-stage, pulse tube cryocooler is reduced by configuring at least a portion of the acoustic impedance of a selected stage, higher than the first stage, so that it surrounds the cold head of the selected stage. The surrounding acoustic impedance of the selected stage is mounted in thermally conductive connection to the warm region of the selected stage for cooling the acoustic impedance and is fabricated of a high thermal diffusivity, low thermal radiation emissivity material, preferably aluminum.09-25-2008
20130174582CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR AND DISPLACER - A cryogenic refrigerator includes a displacer including a body part and a heat conducting part, wherein the material of the heat conducting part has a higher thermal conductivity than the body part; a cylinder accommodating the displacer in such a manner as to allow the displacer to reciprocate in the axial directions of the cylinder, wherein an expansion space is formed between the cylinder and a low temperature end of the displacer; a clearance channel formed between the displacer and the cylinder so as to allow a refrigerant gas to flow into the expansion space; and a cooling stage positioned adjacent to the expansion space. The heat conducting part faces the cooling stage across the clearance channel.07-11-2013
20130133341Cryorefrigeration Device and Method of Implementation - The invention proposes a reliable high-performance cryorefrigeration device, the level of thermal oscillations of which may be minimized so as to be below a threshold value. For this purpose, the subject of the invention is a cryorefrigeration device comprising N periodically operating cryorefrigerators (05-30-2013
20130091869INTEGRAL COMPRESSOR-EXPANDER - An integral compressor-expander assembly, including a cryogenic expander positioned in an overhung configuration on a central shaft; a multi-stage centrifugal compressor supported on the central shaft between at least two bearings; and a device coupled to the central shaft and configured to either supply rotational power to the central shaft or generate power from rotation of the central shaft, depending upon a current operational mode of the multi-stage compressor.04-18-2013
20130111927Cooling device for Stirling circulated dry storage container - A cooling device for Stirling circulated dry storage container, which is mainly to make an accommodation space with opening within an external shield, and at the peripherals of the accommodation space, it is installed with a plurality of air flow inlets and air flow outlets that are connected to the external side. In addition, a shield cover is used to cover the opening of the accommodation space, and a nuclear waste storage container is installed within the accommodation space of the external shield, and the peripheral of the accommodation space and the nuclear waste storage container forms an air flow channel.05-09-2013
20130139525Method for Estimating the Heat Load Imposed on a Cryogenic Refrigerator, Associated Program Product, and Method for Controlling the Refrigerator - The invention relates to a method for estimating a heat load imposed on a cryogenic refrigerator, to an associated computer program product, and to a method for controlling the cooling power output by said refrigerator. As the refrigerator (06-06-2013
20080282707Cryocooler with moving piston and moving cylinder - A thermal-cycle cryocooler, such as a Stirling-cycle cryocooler, has a single working volume that is utilized by both the compressor and the displacer. The compressor and the displacer have respective movable parts, one of which is surrounded by the other. One of the parts may be a piston, a portion of which moves within a central bore or opening in a cylinder that is the other movable part. The piston may be a component of the compressor and the cylinder may be a component of the displacer, or vice versa. The working volume is located in part in a bore of the cylinder, between the piston and a regenerator that is coupled to the cylinder. Movements of either the piston or the cylinder can directly (i.e. without the use of a gas transfer line or flow passage) cause compression or expansion of the working gas in the working volume.11-20-2008
20100307169TRIGENERATION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A trigeneration system comprising a cooling loop and a heat/power loop connected by a heat exchanger. Energy available at the high side of the cooling loop is transferred from cooling loop to the heat/power loop by the heat exchanger. This energy is put to use by the heat/power loop to efficient produce heat and power. The system can be run transcritical and use environmentally friendly working fluid, such as carbon dioxide.12-09-2010
20130152606HEATING AND COOLING DEVICE - A heating and cooling device includes a cylinder having a chamber for receiving a gas. A guiding groove is defined in an inner periphery of the chamber. A piston assembly is movably received in the chamber of the cylinder. The piston assembly includes first and second pistons and a connecting rod connected to the first and second pistons. The first piston is mounted to a side of the second piston and rotatable relative to the connecting rod. Each of the first and second pistons includes a plurality of openings. A guiding block is formed on an outer periphery of the first piston and is slideably received in the guiding groove.06-20-2013
20130192273GAS LIQUEFACTION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A system and a method for liquefaction of gases which are utilized in their liquid state as refrigerants in applications that require low temperatures, throughout various pressure ranges, from slightly above atmospheric pressures to pressures near the critical point. The system and method are based on closed-cycle cryocoolers and utilize the thermodynamic properties of the gas to achieve optimal liquefaction rates.08-01-2013

Patent applications in class GAS COMPRESSION, HEAT REGENERATION AND EXPANSION, E.G., STIRLING CYCLE