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Ignition or fuel injection after starting

Subclass of:

060 - Power plants

060390010 - COMBUSTION PRODUCTS USED AS MOTIVE FLUID

060772000 - Process

Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application numberDescriptionNumber of patent applications / Date published
060776000 Ignition or fuel injection after starting 89
20110192169GAS TURBINE ENGINE FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM - A fuel control system having a combustive energy value evaluator determining a combustive energy value of the fuel, and a controller calculating a desired flow rate based at least on the combustive energy value and controlling a fuel metering device such that the fuel flow rate corresponds to the desired fuel flow rate.08-11-2011
20130074514SYSTEMS AND METHODS INVOLVING IMPROVED FUEL ATOMIZATION IN AIR BLAST FUEL NOZZLES OF GAS TURBINE ENGINES - Systems and methods involving improved fuel atomization in air-blast fuel nozzles of gas turbine engines are provided. In this regard, a representative method includes: providing fuel to a chamber defined by an inner surface; and continuously atomizing a portion of the fuel via interaction of the fuel with the inner surface.03-28-2013
20130086918METHOD FOR SWITCHING OVER A COMBUSTION DEVICE - An exemplary method for switching over a combustion device from operation with a first premix fuel to a second premix fuel includes reducing and stopping a first premix fuel supply and then starting a second premix fuel supply. In an intermediate phase, after the first premix fuel supply stop and before the second premix fuel supply start, the combustion device is operated with one or more pilot fuels generating diffusion flames.04-11-2013
20130061598SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONDITIONING A WORKING FLUID IN A COMBUSTOR - A system for conditioning a working fluid in a combustor includes a primary combustion chamber, a liner circumferentially surrounding the primary combustion chamber, and a primary nozzle in fluid communication with the primary combustion chamber. A secondary combustion chamber located outside of the primary combustion chamber includes a shroud that defines a fluid passage, a secondary nozzle, and means for igniting fuel in the secondary combustion chamber. A method for conditioning a working fluid in a combustor includes flowing the working fluid through a primary combustion chamber and flowing at least a portion of the working fluid through a secondary combustion chamber located outside of the primary combustion chamber. The method further includes flowing a fuel through the secondary combustion chamber, combusting the fuel, and flowing the combustion gases from the secondary combustion chamber into the primary combustion chamber.03-14-2013
20100058770Method and System for Controlling Fuel to a Dual Stage Nozzle - A method and system for controlling delivery of fuel to a dual stage nozzle in the combustor of a gas turbine. A liquid fuel is conveyed from a single stage fuel supply through a plurality of primary fuel supply lines to a first nozzle stage including a plurality of primary nozzles. A predetermined operating condition of the gas turbine is identified and a signal is produced in response to the identified operating condition. The signal effects actuation of valves located on secondary fuel supply lines extending from each of the primary fuel supply lines to supply fuel to respective secondary nozzles.03-11-2010
20120234016Small gas turbine engine with multiple burn zones - A small gas turbine engine for use in an UAV such as a cruise missile, the gas turbine having a combustor forming a primary burn zone and a secondary burn zone, and in which fuel is injected into both the primary and the secondary burn zones by either a rotary cup injector or a plurality of fuel injector nozzles. The secondary burn zone with separate fuel injection allows for the diameter of the engine to be reduced in size but still allow for adequate power and efficiency to be reached for powering the vehicle. Air flow from the compressor is used to cool the combustor walls before being injected into the combustor, and to pass through and cool the guide nozzles and a main bearing located near the hot section of the combustor prior to being introduced into the combustor.09-20-2012
20120111019SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMBUSTION DYNAMICS CONTROL BY ACOUSTIC CONTROL/CANCELLATION OF FUEL FLOW FLUCTUATION AT FUEL INJECTION LOCATION - A combustion dynamics control system for an aviation based or land based gas turbine engine employs an acoustic driver that is configured to drive pressure perturbations across a premixed fuel injection orifice to substantially zero in response to a control signal such that fuel flow perturbations across the fuel injection orifice are substantially zero.05-10-2012
20120186265Stabilizing the flame of a burner - A burner of a gas turbine including a reaction chamber and a plurality of jet nozzles opening into the reaction chamber is provided. Fluid is injected through an outlet into the reaction chamber by the jet nozzles using of a fluid stream wherein the fluid is burned into hot gas in the reaction chamber. An annular gap is disposed about the fluid stream for at least one jet nozzle so that a part of the hot gas is drawn out of the reaction chamber and flows opposite the fluid flow direction into the annular gap and is mixed with the fluid stream within the jet nozzle. The ring gap is formed by means of an insert tube, and wherein the insert rube includes a thickening at the upstream end. A method for stabilizing the flame of such a burner of a gas turbine is also provided.07-26-2012
20110048027Turbine Driven By Predetermined Deflagration Of Anaerobic Fuel And Method Thereof - The present invention discloses a turbine assembly (03-03-2011
20110289933Hybrid Prefilming Airblast, Prevaporizing, Lean-Premixing Dual-Fuel Nozzle for a Gas Turbine Combustor - A dual fuel nozzle for a gas turbine combustor includes a hub defining a fuel inlet and a plurality of liquid fuel jets disposed at a downstream end of the hub. The fuel jets are oriented to eject liquid fuel radially outward from the hub. An annular air passage includes a swirler that imparts swirl to air flowing in the annular air passage, and a splitter ring is disposed in the annular air passage and surrounds the plurality of liquid fuel jets. The nozzle allows liquid fuels to be injected into a swirling annular airstream and then atomized, dispersed and vaporized inside a lean premixing dual fuel nozzle for a gas turbine combustor.12-01-2011
20100132365Start-Up Control For a Compact Lightweight Turbine - In a turbo-engine system, oil is circulated by means of a positive-displacement pump directly driven by the output shaft. The pump output pressure is monitored to trigger fuel injection when the turbine reaches sufficient speed during the start-up sequence.06-03-2010
20120291447COMBUSTOR NOZZLE AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING FUEL TO A COMBUSTOR - A combustor nozzle includes a first and second liquid fuel passages that terminate at first and second fuel ports. A first diluent passage terminates at a first diluent outlet radially surrounding the second fuel ports. A second diluent passage terminates at a second diluent outlet between the first diluent outlet and the second fuel ports. A third diluent passage surrounds at least a portion of the first and second diluent passages. A method for supplying fuel to a combustor includes flowing a liquid fuel through a first fuel passage and flowing an emulsified liquid fuel through a second fuel passage. The method further includes flowing a first diluent through a shroud surrounding the second fuel passage to a first diluent passage surrounding at least a portion of the second fuel passage and flowing a second diluent through a second diluent passage radially disposed between the first diluent passage and the second fuel passage.11-22-2012
20120023965COMBUSTION CONTROLLER - The present invention relates to a combustion controller for controlling the combustion of a flow of combustible and/or combusting fluid. The combustion controller comprises an inlet and an outlet which defines a flow path between them. A magnetic-field generator is arranged to generate a magnetic field across the flow path such that in use the fluid flows in the flow path through the magnetic field. As the fluid flows through the magnetic field an electric current is induced in the fluid. This results in energy being supplied to the fluid. This energy can assist is reignition. If the magnetic field is an alternating magnetic field then this induces an alternating current in the fluid. The frequency of this current can be controlled such that certain chemical reactions are either promoted or inhibited.02-02-2012
20120023964LIQUID-FUELED PREMIXED REVERSE-FLOW ANNULAR COMBUSTOR FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A reverse flow annular combustor for a gas turbine includes a pre-vaporizer/pre-mixing region within a dome section, a liquid fuel injection system feeding the pre-mixing region, a combustion region downstream of the pre-vaporizer/pre-mixing region, a means for guaranteeing stable and sustained combustion in the combustion region, and a dilution region downstream of the combustion region.02-02-2012
20110100018OPERATIONAL CONTROL SYSTEM OF GAS TURBINE - An operational control system of a gas turbine which is driven using mainly ammonia as fuel, wherein in a deteriorated combustibility operating region where the combustibility of ammonia deteriorates compared with the time of normal operation of the gas turbine, for example, at the time of cold startup of the gas turbine and right after startup or right before stopping operation, etc., a ratio of fossil fuel in the fuel which is fed to the gas turbine is increased over the time of normal operation. Due to this, even when using nonflammable ammonia as a main fuel, it is possible to stably start up, operate, and stop the gas turbine.05-05-2011
20110197594Method of Controlling a Combustor for a Gas Turbine - A method of controlling a combustor of a gas turbine is disclosed. The method includes operatively disposing a combustor can in a combustor of a gas turbine. The combustor can comprising a plurality of combustor fuel nozzles, each having a fuel injector and configured to selectively provide a liquid fuel, a liquid fluid or liquid fuel and liquid fluid to a fuel injector nozzle that is configured to provide, respectively, a plurality of liquid fuel jets, a plurality of liquid fluid jets or a combination thereof, that are in turn configured to provide an atomized liquid fuel stream, an atomized liquid fluid stream, or an atomized and emulsified liquid fuel-liquid fluid stream, respectively. The method also includes selectively providing an amount of fuel, fluid or a combination thereof to the fuel injector nozzle to produce an atomized fuel stream, atomized fluid stream, or an atomized and emulsified fuel-fluid stream, respectively.08-18-2011
20110167832Method for operating a premix burner, and a premix burner for carving out the method - A method for operating a premix burner for gaseous fuels having a multi-stage pilot gas system whose diffusion fuel is injected into a flame chamber of the premix burner as at least two partial streams with different orientations, and a premix burner for carrying out the method.07-14-2011
20120291448Flexible Combustor Fuel Nozzle - The present application provides a flexible combustor fuel nozzle. The flexible combustor fuel nozzle may include a main passage in communication with a source of natural gas and a source of low BTU fuel, a secondary passage surrounding the main passage and in communication with the source of low BTU fuel and a source of purge air, and a tertiary passage surrounding the secondary passage and in communication with the source of low BTU fuel, the source of purge air, and a source of diluent.11-22-2012
20110203291METHODS AND SYSTEMS RELATING TO FUEL DELIVERY IN COMBUSTION TURBINE ENGINES - A fuel delivery system for a combustion turbine engine, comprising: a fuel line having a fuel compressor and parallel branches downstream of the fuel compressor: a cold branch that includes an after-cooler; and a hot branch that bypasses the after-cooler; a rapid heating value meter configured to measure the heating value of the fuel from the fuel source and transmit heating value data relating to the measurements; means for controlling the amount of fuel being directed through the cold branch and the amount of fuel being directed through the hot branch; and a fuel-mixing junction at which the cold branch and the hot branch converge; wherein the fuel-mixing junction resides in close proximity to a combustor gas control valve.08-25-2011
20130118181PROCEDURE FOR IGNITING A TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTION CHAMBER - A procedure for igniting a combustion chamber of a turbine engine, the chamber being fed with fuel by injectors and including an igniter mechanism igniting the fuel injected into the chamber. The procedure includes an initial stage during which fuel is injected into the chamber at a constant rate while simultaneously exciting the igniter mechanism, and in event of non-ignition of the chamber at an end of the initial stage, a second stage during which a rate at which fuel is injected is increased rapidly by 20% to 30%.05-16-2013
20130213052COMBUSTION DEVICE WITH PULSED FUEL SPLIT - It is described a combustion device control unit and a combustion device, e.g. a gas turbine, which determine on the basis of at least one operating parameter whether the combustion device is in a predefined operating stage. In response hereto, there is generated a control signal configured for setting a ratio of at least two different input fuel flows to a predetermined value (psc08-22-2013
20120031102TURBINE COMBUSTOR WITH FUEL NOZZLES HAVING INNER AND OUTER FUEL CIRCUITS - A combustor cap assembly for a turbine engine includes a combustor cap and a plurality of fuel nozzles mounted on the combustor cap. One or more of the fuel nozzles would include two separate fuel circuits which are individually controllable. The combustor cap assembly would be controlled so that individual fuel circuits of the fuel nozzles are operated or deliberately shut off to provide for physical separation between the flow of fuel delivered by adjacent fuel nozzles and/or so that adjacent fuel nozzles operate at different pressure differentials. Operating a combustor cap assembly in this fashion helps to reduce or eliminate the generation of undesirable and potentially harmful noise.02-09-2012
20120192568Gas Turbine Combustor - A combustor of the prior art that defines the outlet position and direction of an air hole and suppresses adhesion of flame to an air hole outlet can reduce a discharge amount of NOx by increasing a distance over which fuel and air are mixed with each other. However, such a combustor is not sufficiently discussed for measures to suppress the occurrence of combustion oscillation resulting from the variation of a flame surface.08-02-2012
20080229756SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PASSIVE VALVING FOR PULSE DETONATION COMBUSTORS - A pulse detonation device contains a pulse detonation combustor which detonates a mixture of oxidizer and fuel. The fuel is supplied through fuel ducts and the fuel flow is controlled by fuel flow control devices. Oxidizer flow is provided through a main inlet portion and a flow control device directs the oxidizer flow to either the combustor or to a bypass duct, or both. The combustor further contains an ignition source. Each of the flow control devices, fuel flow control devices and ignition source are controlled by a control system to optimize performance at different thrust/power settings for the device.09-25-2008
20100300109FUEL INJECTION METHOD - A method is provided for fuel injection in a sequential combustion system comprising a first combustion chamber and downstream thereof a second combustion chamber, in between which at least one vortex generator is located, as well as a premixing chamber having a longitudinal axis downstream of the vortex generator, and a fuel lance having a vertical portion and a horizontal portion, being located within said premixing chamber. The fuel injected is an MBtu-fuel. In said premixing chamber the fuel and a gas contained in an oxidizing stream coming from the first combustion chamber are premixed to a combustible mixture. The fuel is injected in such a way that the residence time of the fuel in the premixing chamber is reduced in comparison with a radial injection of the fuel from the horizontal portion of the fuel lance.12-02-2010
20110000219METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTIVELY CONTROLLING FUEL FLOW TO A MIXER ASSEMBLY OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR - An apparatus for actively controlling fuel flow from a fuel pump to a mixer assembly of a gas turbine engine combustor, where the mixer assembly includes a pilot mixer and a main mixer. The pilot mixer further includes an annular pilot housing having a hollow interior, a primary fuel injector mounted in the pilot housing and adapted for dispensing droplets of fuel to the hollow interior of the pilot housing, a plurality of axial swirlers positioned upstream from the primary fuel injector. The fuel flow control apparatus further includes: at least one sensor for detecting dynamic pressure in the combustor; a fuel nozzle; and, a system for controlling fuel flow supplied by the fuel nozzle through the valves. The fuel nozzle includes: a feed strip with a plurality of circuits for providing fuel to the pilot mixer and the main mixer; and, a plurality of valves associated with the fuel nozzle and in flow communication with the feed strip thereof. The control system activates the valves in accordance with signals received from the pressure sensor.01-06-2011
20110113787Pilot combustor in a burner - A pilot combustor particularly for use in a burner of a gas turbine engine is provided. A method for burning a fuel in a pilot combustor zone of a pilot combustor is also provided. The pilot combustor includes rotationally symmetric walls defining a combustion room with an exit having a rich concentration of fuel in air for burning the fuel for the creation of a flow of an non equilibrium unquenched concentration of radicals elevated to a temperature above 2000 K in the combustion room and directed along a centre line of the pilot combustor through a throat at the exit of the pilot combustor, wherein a quarl is located downstream of the throat of the pilot combustor. According to the method the pilot combustor is arranged upstream of a burner for providing a main lean partially premixed combustion process.05-19-2011
20120125007METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENGINE IGNITION AND MONITORING - A method and system of engine ignition and monitoring is provided. A combustor includes a casing surrounding a combustion zone and an ignitor plug including a tip, a base, and a body extending therebetween. The body extends through the combustor casing such that the tip is proximate the combustion zone. The ignitor plug is configured to receive ignition energy through the base and generate an ignition source at the tip. The ignitor plug is further configured to sense combustion dynamics in the combustion zone and generate a signal relative to the sensed combustion dynamics.05-24-2012
20130213053CONTROL OF A FUEL METERING DEVICE FOR TURBOMACHINE - A control of a fuel metering device for a turbine engine as a function of a weight flow rate setpoint includes responding to at least one validity criterion to select a weight flow rate from among: a weight flow rate calculated as a function of a position signal; a weight flow rate calculated as a function of the position signal and of at least one temperature measurement signal; a weight flow rate calculated as a function of the position signal and of at least one permittivity measurement signal; a weight flow rate calculated as a function of the position signal, of at least one temperature measurement signal, and of at least one permittivity measurement signal; and a weight flow rate calculated as a function of a temperature measurement signal, of a permittivity measurement signal, and of a volume flow rate measurement signal.08-22-2013
20110100017Open Cycle Gas Turbine System Having An Enhanced Combustion Efficiency - An open cycle gas turbine system includes a storage tank, a closed helical supplier, a combustor, a gas turbine, a compressor, a propeller and a generator. After the combustion gas in the combustor enters the gas turbine, the combustion gas is expanded to apply a work and to produce a power to the gas turbine so as to operate the gas turbine so that the compressor is operated to compress the air, the generator is operated to generate an electric power, and the propeller is operated to propel vehicles. The closed helical supplier has a closely sealing effect so that the high pressure combustion gas in the combustor will not leak from the closed helical supplier and will not touch the solid fuel powder in the storage tank.05-05-2011
20110041510FUEL CONTROL APPARATUS FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE - In an apparatus for controlling a flow rate of fuel to be supplied to a combustion chamber of a gas turbine engine having a turbine rotated by combustion gas injected from the combustion chamber and a compressor for compressing air to be supplied to the combustion chamber, a first fuel flow rate at starting of the engine is calculated based on at least the detected output pressure of the compressor. In addition, a second fuel flow rate at starting of the engine is calculated based on at least the detected temperature of the inflowing air, the exhaust gas temperature and the rotational speed of the compressor, one of the first and second fuel flow rates is selected based on the detected exhaust gas temperature and operation of a fuel metering valve is controlled based on the selected fuel flow rate, thereby enabling to prevent white smoke at engine starting even when the engine is in the unstable range where the exhaust gas temperature is low.02-24-2011
20120240592Combustor with Fuel Nozzle Liner Having Chevron Ribs - The present application and the resultant patent provide a fuel nozzle for mixing a flow of air and a flow of fuel within a combustor. The fuel nozzle may have one or more air passages for the flow of air, one or more fuel pegs for the flow of fuel, and a liner in communication with the air passages and surrounding the fuel pegs. The liner may include a number of ribs thereon so as to promote mixing of the flow of air and the flow of fuel therein.09-27-2012
20110185743Methods For Operating Gas Turbine Engines - Fuel is delivered in a gas turbine engine including a can annular combustor array that includes at least one combustor level subset within the array supplied by an independent fuel delivery system. Fuel is supplied only to one or more subsets during a first mode of operation. Fuel is supplied to the entire array of combustors during a second mode of operation.08-04-2011
20120036861METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY IN FUEL CONTROL SYSTEM - Compensation is provided for a fuel demand signal of a gas turbine controller during transition between operating modes. The compensation adjusts fuel demand to account for combustion efficiency differences between the starting and ending operating mode that otherwise can lead to severe swings in combustion reference temperature and lean blowout.02-16-2012
20110083444LOW BTU FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM - A system includes a gas turbine compressor including multiple radial protrusions disposed about a circumference of the gas turbine compressor. Each radial protrusion includes multiple gaseous fuel injection orifices configured to inject gaseous fuel into the gas turbine compressor.04-14-2011
20120031103Combustor and the Method of Fuel Supply and Converting Fuel Nozzle for Advanced Humid Air Turbine - A fuel control device and method of a gas turbine combustor, for advanced humid air turbines, in which plural combustion units comprising plural fuel nozzles for supplying fuel and plural air nozzles for supplying air for combustion are provided. A part of the plural combustion units are more excellent in flame stabilizing performance than the other combustion units. A fuel ratio, at which fuel is fed to the part of the combustion units is set on the basis of internal temperature of the humidification tower and internal pressure of the humidification tower to control a flow ratio of the fuel fed to the plural combustion units.02-09-2012
20120036862SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE - A system for operating a gas turbine includes a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine. The combustor and turbine define a hot gas path. A sensor disposed outside the hot gas path measures internal thermal emissions from the combustor or turbine and generates a first signal reflective of the internal thermal emissions. The internal thermal emissions are infrared or ultraviolet emissions. A controller connected to the sensor receives the first signal and adjusts the compressor, combustor, or turbine in response to the first signal from the sensor. A method for operating a gas turbine includes measuring internal thermal emissions from inside a combustor or turbine using a sensor disposed outside the hot gas path. The method further includes generating a first signal reflective of the internal thermal emissions and adjusting the operation of the compressor, combustor, or turbine in response to the first signal from the sensor.02-16-2012
20120036863METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR DELIVERY OF WIDE RANGE OF TURBINE FUELS FOR COMBUSTION - In operating a gas turbine, there can be a difference between the desired heating value of the fuel and the actual needs of the fuel for sustainable combustion during various stages of the turbine operation. In one aspect, combustible lean limit operation of the gas turbine free of lean blow out is enabled by adjusting fuel-air-ratio of the fuel and fuel-air mixture properties, based on the operation requirements of the turbine and flammability of the fuel components.02-16-2012
20120234015DUAL PUMP FUEL FLOW SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING - A fuel flow system for a gas turbine includes a first pump, a main fuel flow path and a second pump. The first pump is connected to an actuator and a metering valve. The main fuel flow path is formed between the first pump and the metering valve. The second pump is connected to the main fuel flow path and supplements the fuel flow from the first pump under certain conditions. The second pump and first pump are in parallel.09-20-2012
20110154829BURNER, COMBUSTOR AND REMODELING METHOD FOR BURNER - A combustor with a burner maintains combustion stability. The burner includes an air hole member 06-30-2011
20120204571COMBUSTOR AND METHOD FOR INTRODUCING A SECONDARY FLUID INTO A FUEL NOZZLE - A combustor is disclosed that includes a baffle plate and a fuel nozzle extending through the baffle plate. The combustor may also include a shroud extending from the baffle plate and surrounding at least a portion of the fuel nozzle. A passage may be defined between the shroud and an outer surface of the fuel nozzle for receiving a first fluid. Additionally, the passage may be sealed from a second fluid flowing adjacent to the shroud.08-16-2012
20120055167APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MIXING FUEL IN A GAS TURBINE NOZZLE - A nozzle includes a fuel plenum and an air plenum downstream of the fuel plenum. A primary fuel channel includes an inlet in fluid communication with the fuel plenum and a primary air port in fluid communication with the air plenum. Secondary fuel channels radially outward of the primary fuel channel include a secondary fuel port in fluid communication with the fuel plenum. A shroud circumferentially surrounds the secondary fuel channels. A method for mixing fuel and air in a nozzle prior to combustion includes flowing fuel to a fuel plenum and flowing air to an air plenum downstream of the fuel plenum. The method further includes injecting fuel from the fuel plenum through a primary fuel passage, injecting fuel from the fuel plenum through secondary fuel passages, and injecting air from the air plenum through the primary fuel passage.03-08-2012
20110094240Swirl Generator - A swirl generator for injecting fuel into a gas turbine by injection of the fuel into a channel of the swirl generator of the gas turbine. The fuel injection is predetermined by the arrangement of a fuel injecting insert in a swirl generator segment.04-28-2011
20110094239Low NOx Combustor for Hydrogen-Containing Fuel and its Operation - An object of the present invention is to provide a gas turbine combustor that supports hydrogen-containing gas having a high burning velocity and is capable of performing low NOx combustion without reducing reliability of a burner. A first fuel nozzle is provided upstream of a combustion chamber and supplies fuel for activation and hydrogen-containing gas. The combustor has a primary combustion zone, a reduction zone and a secondary combustion zone. In the primary combustion zone, the fuel supplied from the first fuel nozzle is combusted under a fuel rich condition to form a burned gas containing a low concentration of oxygen. In the reduction zone, a hydrogen-containing gas is injected into the combustion chamber through a second fuel injection hole from a second fuel nozzle so that NOx generated in the primary combustion zone is reduced by an oxygen reaction of the hydrogen. In the secondary combustion zone, air for lean combustion is supplied into the combustion chamber so that unburned part of fuel is combusted under a fuel lean condition.04-28-2011
20120117976APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IGNITING A COMBUSTOR - A nozzle includes a center body that defines an axial centerline. A shroud circumferentially surrounds at least a portion of the center body to define an annular passage between the center body and the shroud. A plenum is inside the center body and substantially parallel to the axial centerline, and an igniter is inside the center body and generally adjacent to the plenum. A method for igniting a combustor includes flowing a fuel through a center body axially aligned in a nozzle and flowing a working fluid through an annular passage, wherein the annular passage is substantially parallel to and radially outward of the center body. The method further includes projecting at least one of a beam, spark, or flame from an igniter located inside the center body.05-17-2012
20120125008LOW CALORIFIC VALUE FUEL COMBUSTION SYSTEMS FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINES - A combustion system for a gas turbine engine includes a housing defining a pressure vessel. A master injector is mounted to the housing for injecting fuel along a central axis defined through the pressure vessel. A plurality of slave injectors is included. Each slave injector is disposed radially outward of and substantially parallel to the master injector for injecting fuel and air in an injection plume radially outward of fuel injected through the master injector. The master injector and slave injectors are configured and adapted so the injection plume of the master injector intersects with the injection plumes of the slave injectors. The slave injectors can be staged for reduced power operation.05-24-2012
20100287947Acoustically Tuned Combustion for a Gas Turbine Engine - A fuel nozzle for a turbine engine has a central body member with a pilot, a surrounding barrel housing, a mixing duct and an air inlet duct. The fuel nozzle additionally has a main fuel injection device located between the air inlet duct and the mixing duct. The main fuel injection device is configured to introduce a flow of fuel into the barrel member to create a fuel/air mixture which is then premixed with a swirler. The fuel/air mixture then further mixes in the mixing duct and exits the nozzle into a combustor for combustion. The geometry of the fuel nozzle ensures that pressure waves from the combustor do not create a time varying fuel to air equivalence ratio in the flow through the nozzle that achieves a resonance with the pressure waves.11-18-2010
20120210727METHOD FOR COMBUSTING HYDROGEN-RICH, GASEOUS FUELS IN A BURNER, AND BURNER FOR PERFORMING SAID METHOD - A method for the combustion of hydrogen-rich, gaseous fuels in combustion air in a burner of a gas turbine includes injecting the hydrogen-rich, gaseous fuel at least partially isokinetically with respect to the combustion air such that the partially hydrogen-rich, gaseous fuel is injected at least partially in the same direction and at least partially at the same velocity as the combustion air.08-23-2012
20120131927Advanced Optics and Optical Access for Laser Ignition for Gas Turbines Including Aircraft Engines - A laser ignition system for an internal combustion engine, and more specifically a gas turbine engine, is provided. The system including a laser light source configured to generate a laser beam, an ignition port configured to provide optimized optical access of the laser beam to a combustion chamber and an optical beam guidance component disposed between the laser light source and the ignition port. The optical beam guidance component is configured to include optimized optic components to transmit the laser beam to irradiate on a fuel mixture supplied into the combustion chamber to generate a combustor flame in a flame region. A method for igniting a fuel mixture in an internal combustion engine is also presented.05-31-2012
20120131926ADVANCED LASER IGNITION SYSTEMS FOR GAS TURBINES INCLUDING AIRCRAFT ENGINES - A laser ignition system for an internal combustion engine, and more specifically a gas turbine engine, is provided. The system comprises at least one laser light source configured to generate a laser beam and an optical beam guidance component. The optical beam guidance component is configured to transmit the laser beam to irradiate on an oxygenated fuel mixture supplied into the combustion chamber at a region of highest ignitability to generate a combustor flame in a flame region. The system further includes an integrated control diagnostic component configured to detect at least a portion of a light emission and operable to control one or more combustion parameters based in part on the detected light emission. The system further includes additional enhanced ignition control configurations. A method for igniting a fuel mixture in an internal combustion engine is also presented.05-31-2012
20120167582SUPERCRITICAL OR MIXED PHASE FUEL INJECTOR - An apparatus is disclosed including a main fuel supply fluidly coupled to a main fuel valve and an arcuate fuel passage receiving main fuel through the main fuel valve. The arcuate fuel passage includes a passage diameter and a radius of curvature which provides sufficient rotational acceleration to the main fuel such that a liquid portion of the main fuel is deposited on an outer wall of the arcuate fuel passage. The apparatus includes a fuel injector nozzle that receives the main fuel from the arcuate fuel passage, and injects the main fuel into a combustion chamber for a turbine engine. The apparatus further includes a pilot fuel supply fluidly coupled to a pilot fuel passage and a fuel selector structured to selectively provide the main fuel or the pilot fuel to the fuel injector nozzle.07-05-2012
20120167583Method for Starting a Burner - A method for starting a burner for combusting synthesis gases is provided. The burner includes first and second fuel passages, the first fuel passage encompasses the second fuel passage in a substantially concentric manner and the gas transferred to the burner is mixed with combusting air and is combusted. In order to start the burner, the second fuel passage is first loaded with a synthesis gas to a predefined burner power at a first starting phase and the first fuel passage is loaded with the synthesis gas at a second starting phase.07-05-2012
20120073305COMBUSTION CHAMBER AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A COMBUSTION CHAMBER - A combustion chamber of a gas turbine including first and second premixed fuel supply devices connected to a combustion device having first zones connected to the first premixed fuel supply devices and second zones connected to the second premixed fuel supply devices. The second fuel supply devices are shifted along a combustion device longitudinal axis with respect to the first fuel supply devices. The first zones are axially upstream of the second premixed fuel supply devices.03-29-2012
20120186264GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR - A combustor for a gas turbine engine having an annular combustion chamber includes a plurality of main fuel injection and air swirler assemblies and a plurality of pilot fuel injection and air swirler assemblies disposed in a circumferential ring extending about the circumferential expanse of a forward bulkhead. The plurality of pilot fuel injection and air swirler assemblies are interspersed amongst and disposed in the circumferential ring of main fuel injection and air swirler assemblies. Fuel being supplied to the combustor is selectively distributed between the plurality of main fuel injection and air swirler assemblies and the plurality of pilot fuel injection and air swirler assemblies in response to the level of power demand on the gas turbine engine.07-26-2012
20120255310COMBUSTOR NOZZLE AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING FUEL TO A COMBUSTOR - A combustor nozzle includes a center body and a shroud circumferentially surrounding at least a portion of the center body to define a passage between the center body and the shroud. A guide between the center body and the shroud can pivot with respect to the center body. A method for supplying fuel to a combustor includes flowing a working fluid through a nozzle at a mass flow rate and flowing a fuel through the nozzle. The method further includes sensing a flame holding event inside the nozzle and pivoting a guide inside the nozzle to increase the mass flow rate of the working fluid flowing through the nozzle.10-11-2012
20120227413 IGNITER - An igniter arranged to ignite combustion in a primary flow including a fuel and air mixture, the igniter including one or more geometric features arranged to: induce a shockwave flow structure at least partially disposed in the primary flow; and ignite the fuel and air mixture by virtue of the shockwave flow structure. The present disclosure also relates to a method of igniting combustion in a primary flow including a fuel and air mixture, the method including: providing one or more geometric features arranged to induce a shockwave flow structure; inducing the shockwave flow structure at least partially in the primary flow; and igniting the fuel and air mixture by virtue of the shockwave flow structure.09-13-2012
20120260666MULTI-FUEL COMBUSTION SYSTEM - A multi-fuel combustion system is provided. The system includes a combustor basket adapted to combust at least two type of fuels. The combustor basket includes a circumferential wall with a plurality of openings. The combustion system further includes a first conduit adapted to provide a first type of fuel directly to the combustor basket and a second conduit adapted to provide a second type of fuel directly to the combustor basket. The combustion system also may include a third conduit adapted to inject at least one of the first type of fuel and the second type of fuel through the openings into the combustor basket.10-18-2012
20110252806METHODS FOR OPERATING A GAS TURBINE ENGINE APPARATUS AND ASSEMBLING SAME - A method for operating a gas turbine engine including a combustor assembly includes channeling a first fluid through a plurality of first nozzles into the combustor and igniting the first fluid downstream from the first nozzles. The method also includes increasing the operating speed of the engine and attaining a first predetermined percentage of a baseload by channeling the first fluid only through the first nozzles and then channeling a second fluid through a second nozzle into the combustor. The method also includes igniting the second fluid within the combustor downstream from the second nozzle. The method further includes channeling the second fluid to the first nozzles when the engine attains a second predetermined percentage of the baseload. The second predetermined percentage of the baseload is greater than the first predetermined percentage of the baseload. The method also includes terminating a flow of the first fluid through the first nozzles.10-20-2011
20120090331SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SUPPLYING FUEL TO A GAS TURBINE - Systems and methods for supplying fuel to a gas turbine are described. A fuel may be received, and one or more parameters associated with the received fuel may be determined. Based at least in part upon the determined one or more parameters, a desired pressure for removing one or more liquids from the fuel utilizing a separator may be calculated. The operation of a pressure changing device may then be controlled in order to achieve the desired pressure. In certain embodiments, the operations of the method may be performed by a controller that includes one or more computers.04-19-2012
20100199681FUEL SYSTEM OF GAS TURBINE ENGINES - A method for purging fuel from a fuel system of a gas turbine engine on shutdown of the engine comprises, in one aspect, terminating a fuel supply to the fuel system and using the residual compressed air to create a reversed pressure differential in the fuel system relative to a forward pressure differential of the fuel system used to maintain fuel supply for engine operation, and under the reversed pressure differential substantially purging the fuel remaining in the system therefrom to a fuel source.08-12-2010
20130008172Systems and Methods for Modified Wobbe Index Control With Constant Fuel Temperature - The present application provides a gas turbine engine system for combusting a flow of fuel. The gas turbine engine system may include a combustor and a fuel system for providing the flow of fuel to the combustor. The fuel system may include a fuel heat exchanger so as to provide the flow of fuel to the combustor at a substantially constant temperature.01-10-2013
20130014514SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BULK TEMPERATURE VARIATION REDUCTION OF A GAS TURBINE THROUGH CAN-TO-CAN FUEL TEMPERATURE MODULATIONAANM Romig; Bryan WesleyAACI SimpsonvilleAAST SCAACO USAAGP Romig; Bryan Wesley Simpsonville SC USAANM Ziminsky; Willy SteveAACI GreenvilleAAST SCAACO USAAGP Ziminsky; Willy Steve Greenville SC USAANM Simons; Derrick WalterAACI GreerAAST SCAACO USAAGP Simons; Derrick Walter Greer SC US - A gas turbine includes a plurality of combustion chambers; at least one fuel nozzle for each of the combustion chambers; at least one fuel line for each fuel nozzle in each of the combustion chambers; at least one heat exchanger for each fuel line configured to adjust a temperature of a fuel flow to each fuel nozzle; and a controller configured to control each of the heat exchangers to reduce temperature variations amongst the combustion chambers.01-17-2013
20110232296OPTICAL FUEL NOZZLE FLASHBACK DETECTOR - According to one aspect of the invention, a combustor is disclosed. The combustor can include a combustor housing, a plurality of nozzles disposed within the combustor housing, and a flame detector disposed on and in optical communication with each of the plurality of fuel nozzles, wherein each flame detector is configured to detect an optical property related to at least one of a flame holding condition and a flashback condition in a respective fuel nozzle.09-29-2011
20130174568COMBUSTOR AND METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTING FUEL IN THE COMBUSTOR - A combustor includes a tube bundle that extends radially across at least a portion of the combustor. The tube bundle includes an upstream surface axially separated from a downstream surface. A plurality of tubes extends from the upstream surface through the downstream surface, and each tube provides fluid communication through the tube bundle. A baffle extends axially inside the tube bundle between adjacent tubes. A method for distributing fuel in a combustor includes flowing a fuel into a fuel plenum defined at least in part by an upstream surface, a downstream surface, a shroud, and a plurality of tubes that extend from the upstream surface to the downstream surface. The method further includes impinging the fuel against a baffle that extends axially inside the fuel plenum between adjacent tubes.07-11-2013
20130174569SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SUPPLYING A WORKING FLUID TO A COMBUSTOR - A system for supplying a working fluid to a combustor includes a fuel nozzle and a combustion chamber downstream from the fuel nozzle. A flow sleeve circumferentially surrounds the combustion chamber, and a plurality of fuel injectors are circumferentially arranged around the flow sleeve to provide fluid communication through the flow sleeve to the combustion chamber. A distribution manifold circumferentially surrounds the plurality of fuel injectors, and a fluid passage through the distribution manifold provides fluid communication through the distribution manifold to the plurality of fuel injectors. A method for supplying a working fluid to a combustor includes flowing a working fluid from a compressor through a combustion chamber and diverting a portion of the working fluid through a distribution manifold that circumferentially surrounds a plurality of fuel injectors circumferentially arranged around the combustion chamber.07-11-2013
20130174571Fuel Flow Control Method and Fuel Flow Control System of Gas Turbine Combustor for Humid Air Gas Turbine - Provided is a fuel flow control method of a gas turbine combustor provided in a humid air gas turbine, by which method NOx generation in the gas turbine combustor is restricted before and after the starting of humidification and combustion stability is made excellent.07-11-2013
20130111918COMBUSTOR ASSEMBLY FOR A GAS TURBOMACHINE - A turbomachine combustor assembly includes a combustor housing, a first combustion zone arranged in the combustor housing, a second combustion zone arranged downstream from the first combustion zone, and one or more injector assemblies positioned downstream from the first combustion zone and upstream from the second combustion zone. The one or more injector assemblies includes a first injector member having a first centerline axis and a second injector member having a second centerline axis. The second injector member extends though the first injector member with the second centerline axis being off-set from the first centerline axis.05-09-2013
20130091857Fuel System - A fuel system comprises a fuel actuation arrangement 04-18-2013
20130125558PREHEATING A SPARK PLUG - A method of igniting a turbine engine using a spark plug including a first electrode, a second electrode, and a semiconductor body between the first electrode and the second electrode, the semiconductor body having an exposed surface, the ignition method including: generating a spark adjacent to the exposed surface by applying a voltage difference greater than a first predetermined threshold between the first electrode and the second electrode; and prior to generating a spark, a preheating applying a voltage difference less than a second predetermined threshold between the first electrode and the second electrode, the second predetermined threshold being less than the first predetermined threshold.05-23-2013
20130174570ENGINE SYSTEMS WITH ENHANCED START CONTROL SCHEDULES - An engine system for starting a gas turbine engine includes a starter coupled to the gas turbine engine and configured to provide torque to the gas turbine engine; and a controller coupled to the starter and configured to evaluate an engine system parameter and to select from a plurality of start modes for starting the gas turbine engine based on the engine system parameter.07-11-2013
20100287946Lean direct injection atomizer for gas turbine engines - A lean direct injection fuel nozzle for a gas turbine is disclosed which includes a radially outer main fuel delivery system including a main inner air swirler defined in part by a main inner air passage having a radially inner wall with a diverging downstream surface, an intermediate air swirler radially inward of the main inner air swirler for providing a cooling air flow along the downstream surface of the radially inner wall of the main inner air passage, and a radially inner pilot fuel delivery system radially inward of the intermediate air swirler.11-18-2010
20130180260COMBUSTOR RECOVERY METHOD AND SYSTEM - A method is disclosed for controlling gas turbine operation in response to lean blowout of a combustion can. The gas turbine comprises a pair of combustion cans. The method includes sensing that a first combustion can is extinguished during a full load operation of the gas turbine, adjusting a fuel ratio between the fuel nozzles in each can, delivering a richer fuel mixture to the fuel nozzles nearest to the cross-fire tubes, generating a cross-fire from the second combustion can to the first combustion can, detecting a recovery of the turbine load, and adjusting the fuel ratio to the normal balanced fuel distribution between the fuel nozzles in each can.07-18-2013
20110289932SYSTEM FOR FUEL AND DILUENT CONTROL - According to various embodiments, a system includes a fuel controller configured to control a fuel transition between a first flow of a first fuel and a second flow of a second fuel into a fuel nozzle of a combustion system. The fuel controller is configured to adjust a third flow of a diluent in combination with the second flow of the second fuel to maintain a pressure ratio across the fuel nozzle above a predetermined operating pressure ratio.12-01-2011
20110302927FUEL CONTROL METHOD FOR STARTING A GAS TURBINE ENGINE - A method for controlling a flow of fuel to a starting gas turbine engine includes controlling the flow of fuel to the engine by controlling fuel pressure to the engine, and modulating the flow of fuel to the engine if engine exhaust gas temperature approaches a given exhaust gas temperature to lower the engine exhaust gas temperature below the given exhaust gas temperature.12-15-2011
20130186098FLUID FLOW CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD - A fluid flow control system includes a fluid inlet, a central chamber, a first nozzle extending from a first side of the central chamber and comprising a first throat, a second nozzle extending from a second side of the central chamber opposite the first side and comprising a second throat, and a flow control shuttle. The flow control shuttle includes a first needle having a first tapered portion positioned within the first throat for controlling flow through the first nozzle and a second needle having a second tapered portion positioned within the second throat for controlling flow through the second nozzle.07-25-2013
20130186099Gas Turbine Combustor - A combustor for a gas turbine engine having an annular combustion chamber includes a plurality of main fuel injection and air swirler assemblies and a plurality of pilot fuel injection and air swirler assemblies disposed in a circumferential ring extending about the circumferential expanse of a forward bulkhead. The plurality of pilot fuel injection and air swirler assemblies are interspersed amongst and disposed in the circumferential ring of main fuel injection and air swirler assemblies. Fuel being supplied to the combustor is selectively distributed between the plurality of main fuel injection and air swirler assemblies and the plurality of pilot fuel injection and air swirler assemblies in response to the level of power demand on the gas turbine engine.07-25-2013
20090277185PROPORTIONAL FUEL PRESSURE AMPLITUDE CONTROL IN GAS TURBINE ENGINES - Valve systems for controlling a flow of fuel in a gas turbine engine and related methods are provided. In one embodiment, the valve system includes a supply conduit, a proportional valve portion, and a pulsating valve portion. The supply conduit is adapted and configured for receiving and carrying a flow of fuel. The proportional valve portion is in fluid connection with the supply conduit adapted and configured to gradually adjust a pressure drop thereacross and thus a flow rate of fuel flowing therethrough. The pulsating valve portion is in fluid connection with the supply conduit, in parallel with the proportional valve portion, and is adapted and configured to rapidly adjust a pressure drop thereacross and thus a flow rate of fuel flowing therethrough.11-12-2009
20120017601GAS TURBINE WITH IMPROVED PART LOAD EMISSIONS BEHAVIOR - In a method for the low-CO emissions part load operation of a gas turbine with sequential combustion, the air ratio (λ) of the operative burners (01-26-2012
20130192244HYBRID APU START FUEL SYSTEM - A fuel system for an auxiliary power unit includes a mechanical fuel pump, an electric fuel pump, and a controller. The mechanical fuel pump provides fuel flow to the auxiliary power unit and has an output dependent upon an operational speed of the auxiliary power unit. The electric fuel pump provides fuel flow to the auxiliary power unit, and is located in flow series with the mechanical fuel pump. The controller causes the electric fuel pump to provide fuel flow during starting of the auxiliary power unit.08-01-2013
20130192243FUEL NOZZLE FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME - A fuel nozzle assembly for use with a turbine engine includes at least one fuel conduit coupled to at least one fuel source. The fuel nozzle assembly also includes at least one swirler that includes at least one wall having a porous portion. The at least one wall is coupled to the at least one fuel conduit. The porous portion is formed from a material having a porosity that facilitates fuel flow therethrough. At least one fuel flow path is thereby defined through the porous portion of the at least one wall.08-01-2013
20130192245Gas Turbine Combustor and Operating Method Thereof - A gas turbine combustor has a chamber supplied with fuel and air and a multi-burner having a plurality of burners provided with an air hole plate having a plurality of air holes, and fuel nozzles for supplying fuel to the air holes in the air hole plate; the multi-burner is made up of a center burner disposed in the center and a plurality of outer burners around the center burner, the outer burners are divided into inner fuel nozzles and outer fuel nozzles to separately supply fuel through fuel systems, and the fuel is supplied to the fuel nozzles in the center burner or to the fuel nozzles in the center burner and the inner fuel nozzles in the outer burners disposed around the center burner in a partial load condition in which the load is lower than that of when all the fuel systems are used to supply fuel.08-01-2013
20130192246DUAL FUEL AIRCRAFT ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAME - A dual fuel engine control system comprising a first fuel control system configured to control the flow of a first fuel to an aircraft gas turbine engine, and a second fuel control system configured to control the flow of a second fuel to the aircraft gas turbine engine.08-01-2013
20130199200FUEL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR - A fuel system for a gas turbine engine includes a plurality of duplex nozzles arranged on each side of top dead center and a plurality of simplex nozzles. A primary manifold is operable to communicate fuel to a primary flow jet in each of the plurality of duplex nozzles and a secondary manifold is operable to communicate fuel to a secondary flow jet in each of the plurality of duplex nozzles and a secondary flow jet in each of the plurality of simplex nozzles. An equalizer valve that is in communication with both the primary manifold and the secondary manifold distributes fuel at various pressures to both the primary and secondary manifolds.08-08-2013
20130199199DRIVE FOR A TURBINE AND DRIVE METHOD - The invention relates to the drive for a turbine, in particular for an aviation turbine, as well as to a method for operating such a turbine. An aviation turbine is a gas turbine that accelerates an aircraft. The invention further relates to an aircraft having the drive for a turbine. According to the invention, a drive for a turbine is provided with a compressor for compressing air, with a nozzle for injecting a first fuel into the compressed air, and with a combustion chamber for igniting the air-fuel mixture. Furthermore, the drive comprises another nozzle for injecting a second fuel. The nozzle for injecting a first fuel serves for starting the drive or a turbine engine comprising the drive as well as a turbine, which provides mechanical energy by the igniting the air-fuel mixture. Therefore, the first fuel is a conventional fuel, in particular kerosene. It is thus ensured that the engine can be started at any time, because it is, or at least can be, of a conventional design in this regard. The second nozzle serves for injecting a new fuel, which at least at first is a liquid gas. In particular, a mixture of and Bio LNG with a high calorific value, which is drawn from a tank and fed to the combustion chamber in an insulated pressure pipe, is used as the liquid gas.08-08-2013
20120079831METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR IGNITING WIDE RANGE OF TURBINE FUELS - In operating a gas turbine, there can be a difference between the desired heating value of the fuel and the actual needs of the fuel for the supplied fuel to be ignited. In one aspect, fuel parameters related to the molecular weight of the fuel such as specific gravity and pressure drop are determined. Ignitability of the fuel is calculated based on the fuel parameters and adjusted as necessary to bring the fuel's ignitability to designed values. The fuel's ignitability can be calculated without actually igniting the fuel and also without direct knowledge of the fuel's calorific value or its composition.04-05-2012
20120085100Combustor with a Lean Pre-Nozzle Fuel Injection System - The present application provides for a combustor for combusting a flow of fuel and a flow of air. The combustor may include a number of fuel nozzles, a lean pre-nozzle fuel injection system positioned upstream of the fuel nozzles, and a premixing annulus positioned between the fuel nozzles and the lean pre-nozzle fuel injection system to premix the flow of fuel and the flow of air.04-12-2012
20130205797FUEL HEATING SYSTEM FOR POWER PLANT - A fuel heating system for a power plant includes a fuel source for a gas turbine system, wherein the fuel source contains a fuel at a first temperature. Also included is a feedwater source for distributing a feedwater. Further included is a fuel heater configured to receive the fuel at the first temperature and distribute the fuel to the gas turbine system at a second temperature and capable of receiving the feedwater from the feedwater source. Yet further included is at least one boiler drum for containing a boiler substance. Also included is at least one heat exchanger for receiving the feedwater and the boiler substance and distributing the feedwater to the fuel heater and the boiler substance to the blowdown system.08-15-2013
060777000 Catalyst 2
20100192592COMBINED CATALYSTS FOR THE COMBUSTION OF FUEL IN GAS TURBINES - A catalytic oxidation module for a catalytic combustor of a gas turbine engine is provided. The catalytic oxidation module comprises a plurality of spaced apart catalytic elements for receiving a fuel-air mixture over a surface of the catalytic elements. The plurality of catalytic elements includes at least one primary catalytic element comprising a monometallic catalyst and secondary catalytic elements adjacent the primary catalytic element comprising a multi-component catalyst. Ignition of the monometallic catalyst of the primary catalytic element is effective to rapidly increase a temperature within the catalytic oxidation module to a degree sufficient to ignite the multi-component catalyst.08-05-2010
20090031731Wobbe control and enhanced operability through in-line fuel reforming - A method of regulating the Wobbe number of a multi-composition gas fuel supplied to one or more combustors of a gas turbine comprising: (a) providing a control system for regulating fuel and air flow to the one or more combustors; and (b) reforming a fraction of the gas fuel upstream of the one or more combustors to form hydrogen and carbon monoxide to be supplied to the one or more combustors with a remaining fraction of the fuel; wherein the fraction of fuel reformed is adjusted to maintain the Wobbe number of the fuel supplied to the one or more combustors within a predetermined range.02-05-2009

Patent applications in class Ignition or fuel injection after starting

Patent applications in all subclasses Ignition or fuel injection after starting